Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 01 December 2021), December 1819, trial of MARTHA LUCAS (t18191201-51).

MARTHA LUCAS, Royal Offences > coining offences, 1st December 1819.

51. MARTHA LUCAS was indicted for that she, on the 20th of November , at St. James, Clerkenwell , feloniously did dispose of and put away, a certain forged and counterfeit Bank note - (setting it forth, No. 63376, 1 l., dated July 10, 1819. Signed W. Wadle.) - with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , she well knowing it to be forged and counterfeited .

SECOND COUNT, The same, only calling the forged instrument a promissory note for the payment of money, instead of a Bank note.

THIRD AND FOURTH COUNTS, the same, only stating the prisoner's intent to be to defraud one Joseph Forster .

Counsel for the prosecution, as before.

JOSEPH FORSTER . I am a grocer , and live in Chiswell-street, Middlesex . The prisoner came to my shop on the 20th of November, about seven or eight o'clock in the evening - my wife was present. She bought a few articles, and offered my wife a 1 l. Bank note. My wife gave it to me to look at, and asked if I thought it was a good one? I did not notice it, being in a hurry, said I thought it would do, and told her to ask the name and address. She gave,

" Mary Penn , No. 14, Brick-lane." My wife asked her if it was Brick-lane, Old-street? She said Yes, had her change, and went away.

Cross-examined by MR. ANDREWS. Q. Did you watch her out - A. No; I observed nobody at the door - I never saw her in company with a man except at the Police Office. My wife gave me the note. I saw her again on the Tuesday following, and am sure she is the woman.

MARY FORSTER . I am the wife of the last witness, and remember the prisoner coming to the shop in the evening of the 20th of November - I have every reason to believe her to be the woman, She bought a few articles, amounting to a few shillings, and gave me a note, which I wrote upon. This is it - (looking at it) - I wrote upon it,

" Mary Penn , No. 14, Brick-lane." We asked her if it was Brick-lane, Old-street? and she said Yes.

Cross-examined. Q. Did you see a man with her - A. No, she was quite alone. I do not know that she is married - I have heard that there is a man named Lucas in the prison.

THOMAS CAGILL . I live at No. 14, Brick-lane, Old-street. I do not know the prisoner; I have lived there three years next Christmas. The prisoner never lodged with me.

SAMUEL RICHARDS . There are two houses No. 14 in Brick-lane. I live at the other, and have lived there six months. I have no female lodges with me; the prisoner did not lodge with me - I do not know her.

MARIA DAVENPORT . I live at No. 14, Silver-street, Clerkenwell. On the 12th of November, the prisoner came with a man, and took a lodging at my house. They lived there till the 20th of November.

Cross-examined. Q. They cohabited together then as man and wife - A. The man gave the name of Lucas.

COURT. Q. You never saw them at your house after the 20th - A. No, I expected them, but they never came. I saw the same man in Newgate.

WILLIAM MASTERS . I am a pork butcher, and live in St. John-street, Clerkenwell. The prisoner and a man came to my shop on the 20th of November, about ten o'clock at night, and bought a leg of pork - the prisoner was the spokeswoman - it came to 5 s. 8 d.; the man paid me a 1 l. note. I took it, and said I would go to my neighbour and get change. Just as I got out Foy met me. I took the note to my neighbour, came back immediately, and asked for their name and address? the prisoner said,

" Joseph Lucas , No. 13, Blewet's-buildings, opposite the White Horse, Fetter-lane;" she spelt it for me, said they had lived there two years, and were very well known. I wrote that on the note - this is it (looking at it.) Foy came, and asked to look at the note, I gave it to him, and he took them into custody - he found 10 s. 6 d. on the man, and 5 s. 8 d. on the prisoner.

Cross-examined. The man is now in Newgate.

THOMAS FOY . I took the prisoner and man into custody. The man said, in the prisoner's presence, that they lived in Cowcross - she did not deny it. I found a key on the prisoner, which opened the lodgings at Davenport's. I found 10 s. 6 d. on the man, and 8 s. on the woman.

THOMAS GLOVER . I am an inspector of Bank notes. The notes are both forged in all their parts. The signature is not Wade's. Both are impressed from the same plate, and same water-mark.

THOMAS WADE . I am a signing clerk. The note is not my signature. It appears to be signed Wadle - there is no clerk of that name - it is not my writing.

(The note was then put in and read.)

Prisoner's Defence. I know nothing of it. I had it from my husband, and acted under his direction.

SARAH WOOD . I am the prisoner's mother; she is married, and her husband is in Newgate; he was examined with her at Marlborough-street. They lived together.

COURT. Q. Where did they live at the latter end of November - A. In Old-street. I cannot say where they lived on the 20th. I never knew them to live in Brick-lane or Blewet's-buildings.

GUILTY . - DEATH . Aged 27.

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Garrow .