Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 18 August 2018), October 1784, trial of WILLIAM RYAN (t17841020-63).

WILLIAM RYAN, Deception > perjury, 20th October 1784.

995. WILLIAM RYAN was indicted for that he, well knowing that one John Harrison deceased, had lately served our Lord the King, on board a certain ship of our Lord the King, called the Isis; and that certain wages and pay were due and payable to him for such service; with force and arms came before the Worshipful George Harris , L. L. D. then Surrogate of the Rt. Worshipful Peter Calvert , L. L. D. and unlawfully, knowingly, and feloniously did take a false oath , that he the said

John Harrison died a batchelor intestate without a parent, and that he was his lawful brother, and next of him; whereas in truth and in fact, the said John Harrison died during the lifetime of Patrick Harrison : and whereas, in truth and fact, the said William Ryan was not his lawful brother, and next of kin; with intent to obtain letters of administration of the goods, chattles, and credits of the said John Harrison, in order to receive the wages and pay due to him, for such service aforesaid.

A second Count charges the said William Ryan , for that he supposing one John Harrison deceased had lately served our Lord the King, &c.

Mr. James opened the Indictment: and Mr. Silvester opened the Case:

WILLIAM STEPPING sworn.

I am clerk to the Navy-office, this is the muster book of the Isis, here is in this book

" John Harrison entered the 15th of October, 1780, and died the 20th of December, 1783, at Greenwich Hospital," he was entitled to wages to the amount of between thirty and forty pounds.

WILLIAM ALMAN sworn.

I live in East-Smithfield, I keep a public house, I know the prisoner, he applied to me on Saturday the 31st of July, to the best of my recollection; he came in and set down some considerable time, I at last took notice of him, he said he had no money, he came upon some little business concerning his brother, who died in the East-Indies; he had only a will and power to his father, who was dead, and the writings were sent to him; he said, that his brother's name was John Harrison , who was a seaman on board the Isis; he said, his father had been dead five years, in consequence of that some shipmates of his brother's had sent this will and power to him; and he came from Portsmouth, I promised him a lodging for a day or two, till he could get his business done; he staid in my house till Sunday morning, and on Monday morning I went with the prisoner to the Navy-office, he asked me to go, he said he did not know what was owing to his brother, I went with him there, and found there was 38 l. 11 s. due to his brother, we went then to Doctors Commons, and applied to Mr. Jones; he was there examined in every respect to where he lived, and the parish in Ireland, and he was found right in every respect; I heard and saw him take the oath before the Surrogate, I do not know the name of the person that went with me, it was this Gentleman; I am sure the prisoner is the man that went with me to take the oath, he got a letter of administration, this is the admistration and the power he gave me to receive the money; that was the power he made me when he received the administration to pay me what I lent him out of my pocket; on the Wednesday following we got the administration, I went into Corbet-court, Birchin-lane, to receive some prize money which was due for the ship, and there the real brother stopped payment; the prisoner said, he was the real brother till the day following, when he owned he was not; he then said, his name was William Ryan .

WILLIAM DICKINSON sworn.

I am clerk to Mr. Cowper, a Proctor in Doctors Commons; I remember a person coming about two months since, for letters of administration to the effects of one Harrison; I cannot swear the prisoner is the man, I believe him to be the man, I went with him to Dr. Harris, to obtain an administration to the effects of a brother, in the name of Harrison.

What did he say was his name at that time? - Harrison, the Christian name I cannot recollect.

Did you obtain these letters of administration? - We did.

The remainder of this Trial in the next Part, which will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 18 August 2018), October 1784 (t17841020-63).

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter, 20th October 1784.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 20th of OCTOBER, 1784, and the following Days;

Being the EIGHTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Hon. ROBERT PECKHAM , Esq; LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.

TAKEN IN SHORT HAND BY E. HODGSON, PROFESSOR OF SHORT-HAND; And Published by Authority.

NUMBER VIII. PART VI.

LONDON:

Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor) And Sold by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane, and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.

MDCCLXXXIV.

[PRICE SIX-PENCE.]

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE

KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

Continuation of the Trial of William Ryan .

What did he swear? - He swore the deceased died a batchelor intestate, without a parent, and that he was a brother and next of kin; in consequence of which, he obtained the letters of administration: the oath is a verbal oath; this is the same, this is signed by Dr. Harris, he is a Surrogate in Doctors Commons.

Court. Did the prisoner sign it? - No, it is not customary.

Then it is not the form of the Commons to enter, that a person has been sworn upon this? - No.

In what manner is he sworn? - He is taken before a Surrogate, and a notary attends to attest the affidavit.

Who is the notary? - He is in Court.

In what manner is the oath administered? - Verbally.

In what mode of administration? - The Doctor repeats the words.

RICHARD WHEELER sworn.

I am a notary.

Tell us the oath that is taken before the Surrogate? - The man swore that the deceased died without parent, intestate.

What intitles you to say that he swore to it? - The Surrogate says to him, you swear that such a one, the deceased, in this warrant is dead intestate, without a parent, and that you are the brother; the man assents, and I attest it.

Court. It is not marked upon it, sworn before me? - It says let administration pass as prayed, the said William Harrison having been first sworn before me me George Harrison : that is my hand writing (Read.) signed,

"George Harrison, Surrogate, the 2d of August, 1784. Appeared personally, William Harrison , and relates that John Harrison late belonging to the Ifis, departed this life in the month of November, 1783, a batchelor intestate, without a parent; that he that appears is the natural and lawful brother of the deceased, wherefore he prays letters of administration of the debts and credits of the said deceased, to be granted him: let administration pass is prayed, &c. Also that the deceased died a seaman, in the pay of his Majesty's navy, and that the whole of his effects will not amount to more than sixty pounds: before me, George Harris, Surrogate."

You have attended often on these occasions? - Many times in the course of a day.

JAMES GARDNER sworn.

You are a seaman on board the Ifis, you knew John Harrison ? - Yes, he died at Tilday-Cherry.

Did you hear him say what family he had? - No, I never heard him talk of any.

Did he make a will? - Yes, I know nothing of the writing, I brought a letter to Thomas Harrison .

What did the man that died call him? - Thomas Harrison .

THOMAS HARRISON sworn.

What ship did your brother serve on board? - The Isis.

Is your father alive? - He is.

Is this man any relation? - No, I never saw him before I saw him at the Alderman's.

What did he tell you his name was then? - He told me before the Justice, his name was William Ryan , he is no relation to me.

Did you receive a letter from your brother? - I did, this man brought it, his name is Gardner.

Do you know your brother's hand writing? - He could not write.

- KNIGHT sworn.

I was present before the Alderman at this man's examination; the Magistrate asked him his name, and he said, his name was William Ryan .

Had you any conversation with the prisoner about a will? - No.

Prisoner. I have nothing to say, only that I was in great want, and misfortune brought me to it.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the London Jury before Lord LOUGHBOROUGH.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 18 August 2018), October 1784 (t17841020-63).

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter, 20th October 1784.

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 20th of OCTOBER, 1784, and the following Days;

Being the EIGHTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Hon. ROBERT PECKHAM , Esq; LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.

TAKEN IN SHORT HAND BY E. HODGSON, PROFESSOR OF SHORT-HAND; And Published by Authority.

NUMBER VIII. PART VI.

LONDON:

Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor) And Sold by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane, and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.

MDCCLXXXIV.

[PRICE SIX-PENCE.]

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE

KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.