Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 07 May 2021), September 1792 (17920912).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 12th September 1792.

THE TRIALS AT LARGE OF THE CAPITAL and other CONVICTS, ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex, HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday, the 12th of SEPTEMBER, 1792, and the following Days;

Being the SEVENTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honourable John Hopkins , LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON,




Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor), No. 14, White Lion Street, Islington; And Sold by J. DALBY, No. 22, Fetter-lane, opposite Rolls-buildings; Also by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.


N. B. Letters and Messages for Mr. Hodgson, left at No. 22, Fetter-Lane, will be instantly forwarded to him.


KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN HOPKINS , LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Honourable Sir HENRY GOULD, one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; the Honourable Sir BEAUMONT HOTHAM , one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir JOHN WILLIAM ROSE, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City; JOHN SILVESTER , Esq. Common Serjeant at Law, of the said City; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

John Gould

Peter Spires

Thomas Arnott

Calend Luscombe

Francis Battinson

Thomas Metcalfe

Thomas Reynolds

Thomas Barnet Cotton

William Preston

Peter Cockburne

William Hailes

Robert Black

First Middlesex Jury.

George James Sower

Richard Readder

Thomas Preston

William Shrimpton

William Richardson

John Thomas

Joseph Jacob

William Bramble

John Poole

Richard Moorby

Thomas Knight

Thomas Ellis

Second Middlesex Jury.

James Fregent

Francis Glossop

Thomas Lucas

George Fife

John Barlow

Richard Clarke

John Williams

Robert Desborough

William Bayley ^

^ John Simes served part of the time in the room of William Bayley .

William Phillips

William Emmerson

Richard Ryan

360. WILLIAM HOY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the the 11th day of June , four live ducks, value 4 s. and two live greese, value 4 s. the goods of Thomas Humphreys .


I live at Mile End ; I lost four ducks and two geese.


I am a labouring man; I saw the prisoner take the ducks and geese, there were two of them; I was put to watch them; they were in an orchard, about an acre and a half; I saw the prisoner take the ducks and geese and put them into this bag; there were two of them, one got away, the other I took to the watch-house; he saw me coming, and laid down upon the bag.

Prisoner. When he took me he said he would make a guinea of me.

Groves. The morning after he offered me a guinea not to appear against him.

Humphreys. I told my ducks and geese the night before; when I got up in the morning I told them again, and missed four ducks and two geese.

Groves. I shewed the geese to my master.


My mother lives at Bow; I was coming along and saw two men, and they began to use me ill, and kicked my hat over the pales and I got over after it.

GUILTY . (Aged 18.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Whipping. See summary.]

361 JOHN ABSOLUM was indicted for feloniously assaulting Henry Anderson on the king's highway, on the 20th day of July last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a woollen purse, value 1 d. and two guineas, and one half guinea, his property .


I am a soldier ; I was robbed the 20th of July last at the Willow-walk, Chelsea, about a quarter of an hour after five in the afternoon; I was alone with the prisoner; we had been together about half an hour; he told me he would get me private lodgings when I left my quarters; he took me down to the Willow-walk ; I had a crutch, and I said I must have a drink of water, and he said if I gave him sixpence he would get me sixpennyworth of gin and water; and I took out my purse, and he snatched it out of my hand, and took out two guineas and an half, and said, how much money have you in your purse now? says I, you have taken out two guineas and a half; I threatened to raise the country upon him if he did not return the money, and he said, you rascal, if you say a word I will throttle you, and he took hold of me by the throat, and aimed to push me back into the ditch; he was about five minutes with me and went away and took two guineas and a half and left a guinea and a half in the purse, then he went away.

Mr. Garrow, Prisoner's Counsel. You had been drinking at the public house at Chelsea?

Yes, two-pennyworth of gin and water.

How soon afterwards was this man searched? - He was searched the same evening, and the next day my purse was returned with a guinea and a half in it.


I was working for Mr. William Turner , in the Willow-walk. I heard murder cried; I looked down the Willow-walk, and I saw the prosecutor in a bended posture by the trees, and saw the prisoner, John Absolum , in a brownish sort of a ragged coat and white waistcoat; he had a knapsack and a purse; he was making from the prosecutor, then I jumped over and met the prisoner; I asked him if he was not a soldier, or had not been a soldier, and he pulled off his hat, and said look at me; I said you had better make it up with the man and give him his money; he said he had it not, and was a friend to the man; he was kept in custody; and at Westminster he was rescued from us; he was taken again; we took this purse from him, and gave it to the cripple; this is the purse.

Prosecutor. This is the purse which the prisoner snatched out of my hand; that dayI had just received my pension, which was three guineas all but three farthings.


I was at work in the ground, and saw the old soldier and the cripple go lovingly together, and directly after I heard the cry of murder! and I saw the prisoner coming back with a knapsack and a purse, and he said he had no other money upon him but what was in the purse; he was rescued from us at Westminster.


I was in the Monster, in the Willow-walk; I saw the prisoner and prosecutor go by, and in five minutes I heard murder! cried out, and we made down, and these two men had got the prisoner in hold, and the prisoner was recovering; he was rescued at Westminster; and in about a quarter of an hour we found him in Privy Gardens.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

GUILTY of stealing, but not violently .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

362. JOHN SMITH , alias JOHN IRSON , was indicted for feloniously assaulting James Lewin on the king's highway, on the 1st of August last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a silver watch, value 42 s. a steel watch chain, value 2 s. a gilt seal, value 2 s. a steel key, value 1 d. a metal key, value 1 d. and 2 s. in money, his property .


I was robbed on the 1st of August, in the fields between Newington-green and Islington , about half after nine in the evening; I was alone; I was stopped by the prisoner; I never saw him till that night, he had a stick and a cutlass; there were two of them came up with sticks, and they knocked me down before they spoke a word; they both had sticks and cutlasses; it was a very fine moonlight night as ever was out of the heavens; they beat on me several times before I fell down; I tried to get up, they beat me most horribly, and one of them came and took my watch out of my pocket, and one single shilling; I cannot say which of teem took my watch, I bled so much from the wounds; I struggled with them, and one of them says to the other, d - n his eyes, draw your cutlass, cut him open, murder the bug - r; they both drew their cutlasses, but it was that gentleman, the prisoner, who cut me under the eye; they struck me a second time with a cutlass, and I fell down again; I was cut in my wrist in defending the blow; I saw three or four gentlemen in the path, and I hollowed out murder! murder! murder! for God's sake; and the gentlemen heard me, and came up, and they ran off, and as they ran off one of them stamped on my breast; I was not able to go with them; I went back to my brother-in-law's, the farm house, and got my head and arms rubbed with brandy; I never had my watch again; I look upon it they were between three and four minutes (I will speak below the mark) beating of me; I had my senses; I am sure to the prisoner; he had a lightish coat on and blue stockings, and I saw his face; and after I had my wounds dressed my brother sent three servants home with me; there were several people about the turnpike, and there sat this man, and I told him he was one of the men; he denied it.


On the evening of the 1st of August, about half past ten, returning home we heard the cry of murder! three men were engaged; and I saw a cutlass; the men stood beating the man till we came within fifty yards; they ran away, and one of them hit him a blow on the head; I cannot swear to the prisoner, I was not near enough.


I speak to the same effect; he pursued the men, and lost sight of them, and afterwards found the prisoner in custody.

JOHN RAY sworn.

I was at Ball's Pond turnpike, going to drink out of a pot of beer with the turnpike-man, and I heard the cry out of murder! I said there is a robbery; I immediately ran and got half way up the lane, I laid hold of a man that was running; says I, I have you, and I seized him by the collar; I put him into the turnpike-house; and says I to the man at the turnpike-house, I will go again; just at the end of the lane the prisoner was running at a very great rate, I pursued him about one hundred yards, he passed me, I overtook him; says he, I am not a thief: says I, damn me, I do not think you are an honest man, by your running, if you are, it will be soon proved; I brought him to the turnpike-house, and the next morning I went to the place where I took him, and I saw this stick and cutlass laying near; I searched him immediately when I took him in, and found a knife and handkerchief; it is not above nine hundred or a thousand yards from the place of the robbery; I can run as quick as any person of my size, and had the hardest work to overtake him; he had a light coloured drab coat and blue stockings; the coat he had on was taken off his back, and there was fresh blood on it.

(The coat produced and shewn to the jury with one drop of blood on it.)


I had been to bathe myself; and when I came out of the water it was almost dark, and coming down towards the road I heard a sing out of stop thief! I saw nobody; I walked down the lane and that man took me; my friends are not here.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 25.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

363. PHILIP MARTIN was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Richmond , no person being therein, about four o'clock in the afternoon, of the 20th of August last, and feloniously stealing therein a cloth great coat, value 3 s. a pair of velveteen breeches, value 5 s. a pair of leather breeches, value 4 s. two cloth coats, value 6 s. a man's hat, value 1 s. a dimity waistcoat, value 6 d. a stuff waistcoat, value 6 d. his property .


I live at Paddington ; on the 28th of August I went out of my house at six in the morning, I left my son, he is not here, I came back to dinner at twelve, every thing was then safe; I went out to my work at one, there was nobody but myself, I left no person in the house, I locked my house; I returned at four and found it open, the lock drawn: I missed nothing; I found the prisoner in the house with these things on his back; he was in the middle of the room; it is all a ground floor; a bundle laid by the side which contained two coats, a pair of breeches, and 2 waistcoats; these things are mine, they were in the house when I went out, I saw them there the night before; they were in the same room but not packed up; the great coat and the hat were in drawers; I value them as in the indictment.

Prisoner. I was never near the place.

GUILTY of stealing to the value of 4 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

364. FRANCIS AYRES was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 11th of July , a man's cloth coat, value 40 s. a velveret waistcoat, value 2 s. a pair of breeches, value 6 s. five pair of worsted stockings, value 5 s. four razors, value 3 s. three shirts, value 6 s. a hat, value 1 s. two neckcloths, value 1 s. a pocket handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of William Fisher , in the dwelling house of Henry Hemmings .


I am a gunsmith ; I live at Mr. Hemmings's; on the 11th of July I lost the things in the indictment from the garret where Islept, I last saw them the Sunday before; the prisoner laid in the same bed; I was at the White-horse public-house, I was fetched home, and when I came up stairs, at half past nine, the prisoner shoved open the door, and rushed by me, and the candle went out; I could see it was the prisoner, he was stopped on the one pair of stairs, and my coat was on his back, under his own old coat; the other things were all upon him; three shirts of mine and his own, and my coat and waistcoat, and breeches, under his own.

Mr. Knapp, prisoner's counsel. How many persons lodged in the house? - Myself and the prisoner at the bar, and Mrs. Williams, and her husband, and Hemmings lived in the house himself, he had lived in the house about six weeks; I know nothing of his family.


I am an officer; the prisoner was brought to the watch-house; he had his coat and waistcoat, and three shirts, and his breeches, and two pair of stockings, and three pair of stockings he had in his pocket.

(The things deposed to.)

Prosecutor. The coat cost me 40 s. they will come to that good, though there are several old things among them.

(The prisoner called two witnesses to his character.)

GUILTY. 39 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

365 THOMAS BRIAN and DAVID FISHER , were indicted for stealing, on the 20th of July last, two pair of women's stays, value 40 s. a red Morocco pocket-book, value 2 s. a hat, value 7 s. a tin can, value 1 d. and four shillings , the property of Walter Sprang .

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I live at Lewsome, I am a stay-maker , I lost the things in the indictment, and some loose money, on the 20th of July, from near Charing-Cross ; I came to London to carry home those stays, I met some friends, and was much in liquor; by some means or other I met with these men, and the things were found on them, I cannot relate the circumstances truly, I was so much in liquor.

Court. Well that is the only atonement you can make for being in liquor.


I was in a public house, and the two prisoners, and Mr. Sprang, who was very much in liquor, came to the door, and one of them wanted something to drink, and one of them said b - r me it will not do to go in there; the two prisoners seemed to be sober, and they went to the public house opposite, and they shoved the man in, and away they both ran; Brian turned up King-street, I saw a bundle under his coat, and ran after him, and caught him at the corner of the street, they turned into the Park, and I took the bundle from under Brian's coat; he had a bag with a pair of stays within side, and Fisher turned back short; I said, my partner can stop him, and he was stopped; I saw both the prisoners with this man, it was between eight and nine.

(The stays deposed to.)


Deposed to the same effect; I produce a hat which I took from Fisher's head, and a little tin toy in his pocket; he said he had borrowed the hat.

(The hat deposed to, and the tin can.)

JOHN SIMS sworn.

Deposed to the same effect.

Prisoner Brian. I met with this gentleman, the stay maker, as he calls himself, coming down from Charing-Cross, I saw him speaking to this man in a coach, he asked me to have some beer; this gentleman called for a shilling's worth of punch, then he would have this man goin the coach with him; he called for half a crown's worth of punch, began to hustle him about, then says he, where is my bundle, I gave it him again, I did not know what it contained; says he, if you will both come together, I shall accommodate you with something to eat and drink, take the stays under your coat, and keep them from the rain, as I am not capable of taking them to the ladies; by the same case I followed them down as far as the Axe and Gate, then he would have some beer, says I, I will not go into the house, if you chuse it do; I was going along, and so the people took me, and would have it that I robbed the man.


I was with that man, he was very much in liquor, and he wanted to fence with me, and he knocked my hat off, and I knocked his hat off, and I picked up his.

Court. Allow all the witnesses their expences, except the drunken man.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

366 GEORGE JONES was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of September , four silver forks, value 30 s. and a silver tablespoon, value 8 s. the property of Thomas Fitzhugh , Esq.


I am servant to Mr. Fitzhugh, we lost four silver forks and two spoons, on the 4th of September, they were in the pantry, I saw the prisoner take them about twelve o'clock, I shut the door upon him, and took him, he took them out of his bosom, and laid them on the table.

Prisoner. I was going to see an acquaintance who lived at next door, and I mistook one area for the other, and this young man came, and shut me in; I never saw the spoons.

GUILTY . (Aged 27.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

367 THOMAS BALL was indicted for stealing, on the 14th day of August last, five silver tea-spoons, value 5 s. the goods of Thomas Boytell .


I am a weaver , I lost five tea-spoons from a closet; I saw the spoons that very day.


I was standing at my door between seven and eight, I saw the prisoner run by very fast, and M. Boytell's servant following him, I saw him stopped, and searched him, and found five silver tea-spoons.

(Produces them.)

Prosecutor. These are my spoons, two are marked A. E. M. T. I am certain of them.


I live with Mr. Boytell, I had been out, and on my return I found a young man and a young woman at the door, the young woman asked me if Sally lived there, whose mother lived at Bethnal-Green; I said no; then she went out, and as he got to the threshold of the door, I heard a gingling in his pocket, I went into the kitchen, and missed five spoons; I saw them taken out of his pocket.

Prisoner. I am innocent of the robbery.

He called several witnesses, who gave him a good character.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

368 WILLIAM MILLER was indicted for stealing, on the 20th day ofJuly , one pair of leather boots, value 12 s. the goods of Charles Moore .


I am a shoe-maker , I lost a pair of boots from the outside of the shop.

ANN MORSE sworn.

I was in the parlour adjoining the shop, I was called and told a pair of boots had been stolen, I pursued the prisoner, and he ran round the corner of the next court.


On the 20th day of July I heard the cry of stop! I saw the prisoner running, he dropped a pair of boots; a boy (Harvey) picked them up.

HARVEY sworn.

I live with a poulterer, I saw the prisoner drop the boots; I picked them up.


I took the boots to the watch-house, and laid them on the table.


About twelve in the day, a pair of boots were brought to the watch-house by Mrs. Morse, I delivered them to the constable.


I have kept these boots ever since.


I saw the prisoner take the boots from Mr. Morse's window.

Prisoner. Another man just before me dropped the boots.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.]

369 JOSEPH NEWTON was indicted for stealing, on the 28th of August , one silver salt, value 10 s. and one silver spoon, value 10 s. the goods of William Langley .


I am servant to Mr. Langley, he lives in Grosvenor Place ; the spoon and salt were on a sideboard in the parlour, I saw them there about twelve o'clock the day before I missed them; on Tuesday, at ten o'clock, the prisoner was in the passage near the street door, the parlour door was open, he was waiting for money for two newspapers, he was there the night before with a newspaper; I saw the things on Wednesday in the constable's hands, he has kept them ever since.


I am a constable, I produce a spoon and salt-holder, I received them from Fisher, and took the prisoner at the same time.


The prisoner came to our house on Tuesday the 28th of August, about eleven o'clock; I am certain of his person, he brought these articles to pledge for 18 s. I stopped him, and sent for a constable.

(The spoon and salt-holder deposed to by a Mr. Langley and Mary Hughes .)

Prisoner. I went to serve newspapers, and coming by the turnpike, I picked the things up.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

370 HENDRICK HENDERSON was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of June last, one linen handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. the goods of Robert Nutter .


I am a reed-maker , I lost my handkerchief about nine o'clock, in Bishopsgate-street ; I felt a pull, and turned round, and the prisoner ran into the middle of the street.


I am a porter, I heard the cry of stopthief, and saw the lad run, and the handkerchief drop from his hand; I picked it up, I gave it to Robert Sapwell .


I received a handkerchief from Mr. Bayley (produces it); I have kept it ever since.

(Prosecutor deposes to the handkerchief.)

Prisoner. I was coming up Bishopsgate-street, and I heard the cry of stop thief! and they stopped me; it was between nine and ten, and a very dark night.

GUILTY . (Aged 19.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

371. ROBERT WALLIS and THOMAS KIRK were indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Henry Appleton , about the hour of six in the afternoon, on the 4th of Septenmber , one Isabella Bolton being therein, and feloniously stealing therein, four muslin cauls for caps, value 2 s. seventeen muslin handkerchiefs, value 30 s. six silk handkerchiefs, value 18 s. eight muslin handkerchiefs, value 16 s. two silk petticoats, value 3 l. and a quantity of thread and silk lace, value 10 s. his property .

(The witnesses examined separately by desire of the prisoners.)


I am cook to Mr. Appleton, I was in the house on Saturday the 1st of September Robert Wallis came to invite himself to drink tea on the Tuesday following, and he said he had a woman friend, who would come with him and his wife; he came a second time, rung the bell, and was let in; he lived in the family two years, he went away in February last, he came on Tuesday morning, his wife, and the acquaintance came about half past five; he did not come then, but he came in about half an hour; the street door bell rang, and I went up; Mary Eddington was at the door; she went up to change her apron, and came running down stairs, hallowing; and Thomas Kirk was in the hall when she went up, and he came running down stairs without his shoes; a constable was sent for, and he was searched, there was a pair of shoes, a ruffled shirt, and neckcloth, found upon him, the property of Mr. Appleton, they were in his pocket; I let Wallis in, I don't know how the other prisoner got in; when I stopped Kirk, Wallis came into the parlour; some gentlemen came in, and took him into custody; he was committed; the women were not in the kitchen; afterwards they stopped in the hall and parlour; the women came up stairs with Wallis, when the other man was taken; when Wallis was taken I missed the women.


I am a servant to Mr. Appleton, an house-maid; I went out about half an hour after five, and came back half past six; I gave the alarm; I went into the kitchen, and there I saw the cook-maid, James Bolton , Robert Wallis , and Isabella Bolton; in a minute or two I went up stairs into the front room, Mr. Appleton's bed-room, and there I saw Thomas Kirk standing at the window, with a bag in his hand, and the window open, and the shutter three-parts shut to; then he went, on seeing me, behind the door on the landing place; he passed me in the room; I asked him who he wanted, and he said nobody; and then I asked what he wanted, and he said nothing; then I asked him how he came there, and he pulled his hat over his face, and said nothing; I asked him again, and he said he wanted his shoes, and would have them out of the room, then he would go; then he put down the bag on the landing place, and he went in, as I supposed, to get his shoes, and I ran screeming down stairs, and ran out, locked the street door, and put the key in my pocket, and by that time Robert Wallis and Isabella Bolton, came into the hall, I said there was somebodyup stairs, and Wallis said, pho pho, there was nobody up stairs; by that time Thomas Kirk was in the parlour, and I went in, and put my right hand into his pocket, and took out six sticks of sealing-wax; I saw a ruffled shirt taken from him, a pair of men's leather shoes, and some black lace, that belongs to the young lady; when I went up stairs, I saw three of the drawers broke open; I went for a constable, and left him in the hands of James Edington , my father, who was in the house, and called in one Mr. Starkey; the articles were delivered to the constable; I was not down stairs above two or three minutes, before I went up; my father came into the house about eleven, to take down some bed curtains; he was in the kitchen with the other people, Robert Wallis , and the cook, and two women, and one Mr. Starkey, my father called him in; I went out at five; I am very certain I shut the door after me, I pushed it to, none of the windows below stairs were open; there is a person here will acquaint you how these people came into the house - I know the linen that was in the bag.


I am father of Mary Edington ; on Tuesday, Sept. 4, I went to Mr. Appleton's; we had some dinner below about five, my daughter went out and returned about half past six, came down into the kitchen, and went up stairs, and then we heard her shrieking; the cook and me went up, and she said she saw a thief in the house, with a scarlet waistcoat on; I tried to open the street door, but could not; at last I opened it, and found a gentleman, Mr. Starkey, he came in and took the poker, and I took the shovel, and we seized the prisoner, and found the things in the indictment; the shoes he had on were Mr. Appleton's; I got a constable, and went up stairs and found a great many articles of linen laying on the floor, and his shoes were found in Mr. Appleton's bed-chamber; three drawers and a book-case drawer were broke open; Wallis was in the kitchen the whole time I was down in the kitchen: when the cook let him in, he was up stairs two or three minutes before he came down; the women came before him, and Robert Wallis came about half an hour after them.


I live over against the house, I am a servant to one Mr. Gale; I sat at the counting-house window, and I saw Mr. Appleton's cook, Boulton, let in two women, between five and six, and afterwards I saw her come to the door and let a man in, in red hair, tied behind; a little after he came out of doors, and left the door wide open, that was Robert Wallis ; he let in Thomas Kirk ; Wallis came back in about five minutes; I do not think he went down stairs; he did not let in Kirk in the presence of the cook; the door was shut on Wallis, I do not know who shut it; Robert Wallis came down the steps and beckoned over against Church-court, and there came up a man, that was Kirk; I know both the men well, I saw them both go in together, I saw no more.


I am a bricklayer; I saw the two prisoners in the house, I was called in the 4th of September, about half past six, I saw Thomas Kirk there, and I saw James Edington take him, and strip him, and search him; the things in the indictment were taken from him; I saw Wallis there at the house.


I am the constable, I produce these these things, I received them from Mr. James Taddy ; he is not here as I know of, but the servants were all present when I received them; I have kept them ever since; I was sent for on Tuesday the 4th of September, about seven at night the prisoner Thomas Kirk was in the parlour; I did not see him searched, I went up stairs afterwards, and these things were emptied out of the bag by the cook, on the floor.

(The things produced, and deposed to.)

Court to Appleton. Was the bag the man had full? - Yes, quite full.

Court to Sarah Bendfield . At the time the man went into the house, was it light? - Yes, the candles were not lighted, nor the lamps.


This is my shirt, it has my initials and number; this pair of shoes has my name in them; I can not swear to a stick of sealing wax, I lost such sort from the bookcase in my counting-house; I left it there the 30th day of August.

Court to Edington. Were these the same things that were produced to the constable, by Taddy? - Yes.


I am a single woman, I have seen all the articles in this bag, I can speak to them all, they were in my bed room; the prisoner was found in my mother's bedroom, the rooms are the side of each other.


I was informed of the robbery, and I took up Kirk, and Wallis came in while I was there, and charge was given of him.


I never broke into the house, as it is put into the indictment.


I knew nothing of the matter till I saw the prisoner in the parlour, then I went out and came back again.

(The prisoners called two witnesses to their character.)

They were both recommended to mercy, particularly the young one on account of his youth.



Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

372. ROBERT ARMSTRONG was indicted for stealing, on the 3d of September , a silk cloak, value 9 s. a linen apron, value 12 d. and a silk handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of Hugh Macpherson .

Mrs. MACPHERSON sworn.

I am wife of Hugh Macpherson , I lost the things in the indictment, on the 3d of Sept. the parlour door was open, I went for a bason of water, and coming back, I found the prisoner in the house, running away with the property; he was stopped in two minutes; I saw the things taken from him.


I was going into Bread-street, and heard the cry of stop thief! the prisoner was running, I stopped him, I saw him heave the cloak into a house; to the best of my knowledge, this is the cloak; it is the same I gave to Mrs. Macpherson.

Prosecutor. It is the same.

Prisoner. Please your honor there was crying stop thief! I saw a young man running in a blue jacket, I ran the same as another, he threw something over my head, and I stooped down on my knee, and they took me.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

373. JOHN RILEY was indicted for stealing, on the 7th of July , a hand-saw, value 5 s. a sash-saw, value 3 s. and an oilstone, value 18 d. the property of John Wilmot .


I am a carpenter ; I lost my tools in the indictment, the 7th of July, out of our work-shop; I found them some few minutes after, on the man that took them, that is the prisoner, the saws were mine beyond all doubt:


I saw the man come out of the shop with the saws under his coat, that was the prisoner; there was nobody in the shop, I was in the street at the same time.


I met a man, and he desired me to take the saws, and put them under my arm, and the oil-stone, and wait for him; coming across, I was met by that young gentleman, and taken into custody.

(The prisoner called one witness to his character.)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.

374. CHARLES WILLETT and WILLIAM HINTON were indicted for stealing, on the 20th of July , one cotton gown, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of Frederick Pollman .


I saw the prisoner Willett coming from the back parlour, with the property under his arm; I am sure the prisoner is the man; he ran away, I went after him, I followed him till he was taken; he gave it to the other prisoner; it was the road between Kensington and Knightsbridge; there were many more people about; I never saw him before, I pursued Willett, and saw him taken; I saw them brought all down the road; I followed them close all the way, I was never distant more than twenty yards, I did not hear the officer say any thing to Hinton; Hinton received the gown from Willett, and dropt it when I pursued him.

Prisoner Willett. If she speaks fair between God and man, she cannot say I am the man.


I was coming from Knightsbridge, I saw Willett running, I stopped him, and asked him what was the matter; he said nothing to him, it was the man behind him, I let him pass, and stopped the other.


I was ordered upon guard; I heard the cry of stop thief! and saw them stopped.


I am a constable; I produce a gown, I cannot pretend to swear from whom I received it.


I am a labourer; I saw the prisoner Hinton drop the gown from under his coat, I carried it to the house, and delivered it to the prosecutrix.

(The gown deposed to.)

C. WILLETT, GUILTY . (Aged 21.)

W. HINTON, GUILTY . (Aged 28.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

375. ELEANOR PLACE was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 23d of August last, one pair of sheets, value 5 s. and other articles of furniture , the property of Charles Mason .


I let the prisoner a lodging at 2 s. 6 d. per week, it was furnished, there was a woollen rug, two flat-irons, and a copper tea-kettle; I gave her the irons on the 22d, on the 23d I asked her for the rent; I thought something was missing, and I called in the patrol and searched the lodging, and all the things were missing.


I produce a pair of sheets pawned by the prisoner, one on the 16th, and the other on the 23d; I am a pawnbroker, Iknow the prisoner, she said they were her own, she had lately received them from the country.

GUILTY. 40 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

376. WILLIAM BLAYLAND was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 6th day of July , a pair of men's leather shoes, value 4 s. the goods of Archibald Read .


I am a shoe-maker , in King-street, Seven Dials , on the 6th of July, Friday evening, I missed the shoes, the prisoner came into the shop, and desired to be fitted with a pair of shoes; my lad attended him, I was busy with other customers; I was told the man had put a pair of shoes in his pocket, I saw him pull them out of his pocket (these are the shoes) Hawkes has kept them ever since; I know them by the binding and the manufacture; these shoes were never tried on by the prisoner, they are two inches too small for him; on being searched, there was half-a-crown and a shilling found upon him.

Mr. Knowlys, prisoner's counsel. Had not this man half-a-guinea? - Not that I known of.


I am a servant to Mr. Read, the prisoner came in and asked for shoes; I shewed him several pairs, at last I went round to look for some shoes in a box behind him; I went into the parlour and informed Mr. Hawkes I had suspicion of the prisoner's having a pair of shoes; he was in the parlour, and he came out soon after, and said to Mr. Archibald, this man has taken the liberty of taking a pair of shoes.


I accused the prisoner with taking a pair of shoes, he then pulled them out of his pocket, and said they are what I meant to have; I have kept the shoes ever since.


I am watchman, I was called in and searched him; I found half-a-crown and a shilling.


I am constable; the prisoner was brought before me, and I found half-a-crown and a shilling, which was returned to him; in the morning he told me that he did not know the nature of the place, but that he had half-a-guinea more, which he concealed in his mouth, as he did not know but it might be taken from him.

GUILTY . (Aged 32.)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Whipping. See summary.]

377. MARY BURGESS was indicted for returning from transportation, and being found at large before the expiration of the time for which she was transported, against the statute .

(The record of the conviction produced and read by Thomas Shelton , Esq. clerk of arraigns.)

JOHN OWEN sworn.

I know the prisoner, I was present when she was tried in October, 1787, for stealing goods of Mr. Jackson, and was capitally convicted; in June, 1789, she received the King's pardon, on condition of being transported for seven years; I delivered her on board the Lady Juliana; she escaped soon after from the ship in Long Reach.


I apprehended the prisoner in Billings-court, Petticoat-lane, on the 9th of August last; I found her in bed, in consequence of an information; she appearedunwell; Joseph Bear was in company with me, Joseph Bear said that the woman sold old clothes, and behaved exceedingly well.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

378. JOHN GAMMON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th day of July , one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 15 s. the goods of John Meek , and one black silk-cloak, value 10 s. the goods of Richard Fox .

JOHN MEEK sworn.

I am a housekeeper , I lost a pair of silver shoe-buckles, on the 19th of July, from my parlour, in Penton-street ; I discovered the loss in about three minutes after they were gone, it was about eight o'clock in the morning.


A person told me that the house had been robbed.


I was standing at the parlour window opposite, and saw the prisoner go in, and walk about the parlour, I went over the way, and knocked at the door, and he came out, and I asked him who he wanted, he mentioned some name; he said he lived just by at the corner; I said I did not believe that, and I having a suspicion, told him they lodged up stairs; a gentleman was coming by, and I desired him to stop him, as I thought he had something under his coat; he was taken and brought back to the door, I am positive of the prisoner.


I stopped the prisoner about a quarter of a mile from the house; I did not see any thing taken from him.


I produce the cloak and buckles; I had them of the justice, I searched him, but found nothing but an old knife upon him.


I helped to apprehend the prisoner, I saw him drop a black silk-cloak, and a pair of silver buckles, close to my feet, a quarter of a mile before he was taken; I never lost sight of him.

(Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner. If I had had a friend, I should have got through this business, that I see, but I am lost for want of a friend; where they have fetched this man from I do not know.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

379. ELIZABETH BROWN was indicted for stealing, on the 6th day of July , a cloth coat, value 21 s. and other wearing apparel, the goods of Susannah Tomlins , in her dwelling-house .


I am a widow , on the 6th of July, I lost a cloth coat, a jean waistcoat, a pair of velveret breeches, &c. they were taken out of a one pair of stairs closet, by a false key; the prisoner lived as servant with me, took them, as I suppose; I had been out, and left her alone in the house; on my return the street door was shut and the window fastened down, and a person got in at the window, and let me in; I went up stairs, supposing she had robbed me, and found this key in my closet-door.


I took the coat, the waistcoat, and breeches from the prisoner.

(Produced and deposed to.)

The coat, value 1 l. 1 s. the waistcoat, value 5 s. the breeches, value 8 s.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

380. JOHN WRIGHT was indicted for stealing, on the 14th of August , an iron anchorstock, value sixpence, and an hempen sack, value sixpence , the property of George Judd .

GUILTY . Privately whipped .

To be delivered to Mr. Sheriff Anderson.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

381. MARGARET HALL was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Peter Hopgood ; Elizabeth his wife, and others of the family being within; about eight in the afternoon of the 9th of July last, and feloniously stealing therein, a black silk cloak, value 10 s. a cotton gown, value 10 s. a dimity petty coat, value six shillings, a cap, value two shillings, and eight guineas , the property of John Potts .


I live in Knightsbridge; on the 9th of July I was not at home at the time, I went out at seven, and returned before ten, and missed my things.


I live opposite the prosecutor, my husband and he came home from work; and he has a bit of ground, and they went down to his ground, and in about a quarter after, I saw the prisoner in his room, up two pair of stairs, at the drawers; and in a quarter of an hour afterwards I saw her go out with a bundle; the woman she robbed had been very ill, and she attended her.


I am a watchman, in St. Martin's-lane; I had information from a serjeant of the guards, and I went to the prisoner's apartment, and found on her person these clothes.


(Deposes to the things.)


Do you think if I stole them, that I should have the impudence to wear them; she lent them to me.

Prosecutor. I never lent her any.

GUILTY, 39 s.

But not Guilty of breaking and entering.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

382. RICHARD JONES was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 5th of September , a gelding, price 42 s. the property of William Rowley and Charles Rowley .


I bought this horse, and my brother has a joint property in it, to sell a few things about, being lame, and selling greens, and roots, and old rags; my arm was so bad I could not work; and I turned my horse, (by leave) into Mr. Rhodes's field; the prisoner made bricks there; I went to see for him, and going down Cow Cross, I heard of a horse, and I went and found it was my horse; there are a great many vacancies for a horse to get out of the field.


I am licensed for slaughtering; I am a widow; on Tuesday night of the 5th of September, the horse was brought by the prisoner; to the best of my knowledge he is the lad; if I said he was not I should perjure myself; I am positive sure it was him; I detained the horse and boy; I thought he did not come honestly by it; it was a bay horse, and blind, his knees were broke, and lame withal.

Prisoner. I have nothing to say.

Court to Jury. Gentlemen, in such a case, to see such a boy brought into such a situation, for such a horse, must give pain to your minds as well as to ours; but my brother Gould, whose humanity is as large as his knowledge, has suggested tome, that there have been cases in which a jury have fixed the value of the horse at 10 d. now, if ever there was a case of that kind, this is that very case, therefore, if you think fit to find him guilty value 10 d it will of course save him from the punishment attendant on the crime of horsestealing.

GUILTY of stealing a gelding, value 10 d. (Aged 14.)

On the application of Mr. Sheriff Anderson, the prisoner was ordered to be privately whipped and delivered to the order of the Sheriff.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

383. ROBERT COBB was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house, of William Allen , no person being therein, about the hour of four in the afternoon, of the 10th of September , and feloniously stealing therein a cotton gown, value 2 s. a man's linen shirt, value 2 s. two shifts, value 18 d. a glass quart bottle, value 1 d. and a quart of geneva, value 2 s. his property .


On the 10th instant my house was robbed; about half after twelve I came home; I went to meet a man that had been inquiring for work, and I said I will give you a winter's work; and I gave him sixpence for dinner; he said he had no money.


About seven in the evening, I saw the prisoner with a linen gown, I should know it again; he offered it me for sale for two shillings and a pot of twopenny, and I bought it of him.

- WHEELER sworn.

I had the gown from James Smith 's house, in the morning after the robbery.

(Deposed to.)

Prisoner. I found the gown near Turnham Green.

GUILTY . 28.

But not of breaking and entering.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

384. BENJAMIN SWEET was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of June , a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 5 s. and a silver pepper castor, value 5 s. the property of Benjamin Strickland .

The prisoner took the things from his master, and went away, and came back, and confessed the whole.

(The pawnbroker produced the things deposed to.)

Prisoner. I took them to get a little money to go to sea.


To be privately whipped , and delivered over to Mr. Sheriff Anderson's order.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

385. WILLIAM WAINE was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Robinson , at the hour of twelve in the night, on the 8th of May , and stealing therein, four silver candlesticks, value 4 l. three silver waiters, value 5 l. one silver cruet stand, value 5 l. one plated bread basket, value 20 s. one wine funnel, value 20 s. one soup ladle, value 15 s. one fish trowel, value 20 s. one marrow spoon, value 5 s. four salt cellars, value 20 s. four salt spoons, value 4 s. one gravy spoon, value 30 s. seven bottle labels, value 40 s. two silver sauce boats, value 5 l. a sauce ladle, value 5 s. a coffee pot, value 3 l. a pair of tea tongs, value 10 s. twelve silver table spoons, value 6 l. nine silver tea spoons, value 9 s. one gold watch, value 4 l. two gold rings, set with diamonds, value 20 s. and one pair of reading glasses, his property .

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)


I am servant to Mr. Robinson, in Old Broad Street ; I fastened the doors and windows, on Tuesday the 8th of May; we have three female servants; this was on Tuesday night; I always went round to see all safe; I was the last who went to bed; our bed time is generally a little before eleven; between five and six the next morning I was alarmed by the ringing of the bell; I went down stairs, and discovered a quantity of linen laying about the passage; the street door was half way open, and two watchmen standing on the steps at the door; I alarmed the house, and then went into the kitchen, and found the door forced open; at the bottom of the stairs, the window of the kitchen was forced open; I think they got in at the window, it was forced open, the sash was shoved down, and an arm must have been put down the light-hole cut in the shutter, and by that means the bar was taken down; I saw a great quantity of things in the passage; these things had been part in my master's room, and part in the parlour; it was light a considerable time before I came down.


The plate is worth between two and three hundred pounds; I offered one hundred pounds rewards.

- WRIGHT sworn.

The night of this robbery, all the plate was in my pantry, which is a little way from the kitchen.


I live with John Monk; I lived with him at the time of the robbery; I knew Waine before Easter; John Monk came home between nine and ten in evening, very much disguised in liquor, and laid down on the bed; this was on Tuesday, the 7th of May; between ten and eleven Percival came up stairs, and then about eleven Waine came; upon Waine's coming, Percival said to Monk, come Jack, will you go he was unwilling to go, and said, I think it will do another night; Percival said the family all went out of town this afternoon, I saw them in their carriage; I was in bed with another woman, of the name of Deacon; there was an iron crow and a rook, in a Plant under the bed, which they pulled out, then they all went out; this was about 11 or 12; I heard them say they were going to do some place in Broad Street; Monk went out, and left his Money with me, he returned between six and seven, and brought home some new guineas, and pieces of silver, that looked as though they had been hoarded; between ten and eleven Waine came up stairs, and a man came up stairs with a handbill, and said, see what a capital robbery has been done in Broad Street, upon which all our countenances changed; then Monk went upon the stair case, and pulled out more of the silver, some crowns, and half crowns, and shillings from his pocket when the man went; Monk sold the silver, which was twenty seven shillings, for a guinea; Waine came frequently to our lodgings; we removed from those furnished lodgings; I was not before Mr. Spiller.


On Tuesday night, Robert Percival came to Monk's lodgings; I live with him and Maria Upwell ; about twelve at night Waine came: Waine asked Monk, if he would go, and Monk said, another night will do as well; Percival said, all the family are gone out of town, I saw them in a coach; then they all went out, and Monk returned between five and six in the morning; Waine came between ten and eleven o'clock, and presently a man came up with a handbill; afterwards Monk said, what shall I do with my silver? and Waine said, mine is safe, and I will give you a guinea for it, upon which he did; when they went to commit the robbery, Waine had a cane under his coat, and said he would knock down the first who touched him; (a thick cane about eighteen inches long produced) that is the cane; there is a place underneath the head of the bed, where they used to put their tools; William Waine took a Rook from under the head of the bed, in order to do which he removed the bed and got it out; I have lived with Monk and Upwell two months; I knew Monk to be a common thief; I have left them about four months; I live now at Shoreditch, at a chandler shop, as a servant; I knew Waine only while I was there; these people went out once or twice a week upon jobs of this sort.

Wright. I saw the cane in the closet, I had it of my fellow servant John, before six in the morning; there was no such cane in the coset overnight.

JOHN MONK sworn.

I have for some years past supported myself by thieving; Waine and Percival assisted me to rob the house of Mr. Robinson; I went home on Tuesday night, the 7th of May, and laid down on the bed, I was in liquor; Percival came to me and and told me he knew of a place where there was a great deal of plate, in a back parlour, that a plasterer had told him of it, and said he knew all about it; I said I would rather defer it, and he said that would be the best night, as the family were out of town; he said it was of great consequence, and we all agreed to go; and Percival said then we shall all get a greatdeal of money; the tools we used were under a board at the head of the bedstead; Upwell and Deacon were in bed, I desired them to get out, and Waine said no, we will give you a ride, the bed was removed, and we took out a large iron crow; I asked him if he had a light, he said yes, he had phosphorus; Waine had a short piece of cane, which he said was to knock down the watchmen, if they were to molest him; it was a plain piece; he said he got that cane at a warehouse in Cheapside, by way of sample, and if it would fetch any thing, he could get plenty more; we then went to Broad Street, and Waine having the crow, got over the area rails, and worked some time, then he called us over, and said, I have opened the window, then we got over, and he opened the kitchen door, and let us in; Waine prepared a light; there were several things in the kitchen; then we went up to the back parlour, we opened a box, and found some plated candlesticks, by cutting the bottoms; we left that, and went to a desk, and Waine broke open the desk, and we found a ring in a black case, a watch with a dark coloured case and a gold inside case; then we went to another desk, and got some pieces of old money; we found a great deal of plate; we got into the house about half past twelve, and staid till past five; we looked out of the parlour window and saw the watchmen, and staid till they were gone off their beat; then we went to Broker's Row, and I met Charles Clarke ; there was myself, Waine, and Percival, and I asked him how he did, this may be about a quarter of a mile from the house, I had then a waiter under my arm, Waine had a coffee pot, and several articles tied in a bird's-eye handkerchief; then we went to Bunhill Row; we all had plate tied up in each parcel, in a bird's-eye handkerchief; then we went to Cowheel-Alley, and saw some people at work; we were to give the people something to let us conceal the property, till we could find a purchaser; Waine sent for Mrs. Paget, and we sold the plate at 4 s. per ounce; my share for the plate was twenty guineas; we sold the plated basket and watch for four guineas; Percival was not to have any share in the rings; Waine and I kept them for ourselves; Waine came about twelve next day, Percival was there, and an acquaintance called upon me, and shewed me a handbill of the robbery, and I was afraid to keep the silver coin, as they appeared to be hoards; Percival was not to have any share of the silver; I sold the silver to Waine 27 s. (for a guinea;) he lived in Bell-alley, Golden-lane; and as he kept a pig in his cellar, he could bury it better than I could; I was apprehended for this robbery, but there was a charge of another robbery; I was tried for robbing my master, but I was acquitted; I have always frequented public houses of ill fame; I have seen Clarke to-day, he sat in the same box over the way, and I saw him after the robbery, and I said to Clarke, how do you do?


I am a bookbinder, in Queen's-square, Moorfields; I am not acquainted with the prisoner; on Wednesday morning, 9th of May, about a quarter past five, I met Waine, Percival, and Monk, in Moorfields, they were all three carrying bundles, two of them had silk handkerchiefs of a dark colour, one of a paler colour, it appeared to be an old handkerchief, they were different patterns; Waine and Percival's handkerchiefs appeared a-like, Monk's was inferior in quality, and paler in colour, Monk's did not quite cover the contents, and it appeared to me to be of white metal, silver, or something else, I passed them very quick, and Monk nodded; I believe I was sent for to the office, and I picked Waine out; I have no doubt of his being the person; there were between twenty or thirty in the office, but he was along with four others; I know none of them, only by sight; I have seen Waine with him at the public-house; I was set to watch a door in Fore-street, he was in the lottery, I was put there and ordered to letin none but those I knew, I know there is a reward of 100 l. and I expect to be paid a part of it only, by way of recompence for loss of time; when I met them I did not hear them speak to me.


I am constable of Enfield; the first week in July, I went in pursuit of the prisoner, and I saw him going across the road at Ponder's-end towards Enfield, he turned round and saw Lisle, the constable, and then he set off running, he jumped over a gate into a field, and I told two men to go over, and there he was found hid.


I am a constable at Ponder's-end; on Wednesday, early in July, I went after Waine at Ponder's-end, he was walking across the road, I walked after him, and as soon as he saw me, he set off running, and he leaped over a gate, and I went after him; he jumped over a hedge, and I after him; the place he was taken in was a field in Bedwell; I had known him seven or eight days.


I took the prisoner at Ponder's-end, in the ditch.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

The prisoner called one witness to his character.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

386. JOHN BUCKLE was indicted for stealing, on the 6th of September last, a silver watch, value 3 l. a steel watch-chain, value 12 d. a steel seal, value 1 d. the property of Jane Clarkson , in her dwelling-house .


I keep a house in Little Pultney-street ; I lost a watch on Thursday night; I saw it about ten minutes after eight; when I first missed it, about nine, I sent my daughter to Essex-street, to Mr. Clarkson's, and I found it at Mr. Brown's, in Longacre, that is, my daughter found it; I took up the prisoner; the watch was my watch.

Court. Did the prisoner lodge with you? - Yes; three weeks.


I carried one of these handbills to Brown the pawnbroker's, and found the watch there.


I am nephew to Mr. Brown the pawnbroker; I received this watch of the prisoner for 5 s. and afterwards 1 l.

(Deposed to.)

Mr. Garrow, prisoner's counsel. I believe you had a very good opinion of this young man? Yes.

An extraordinary character? he had lived in the first families, the Duke of Clarence, the Duke of Queensbury, Lord Tankerville.

The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a very good character.

GUILTY. 25 s.

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

387. ELEANOR COGE was indicted for stealing, on the 12th day of August , two sheets, value 10 s. and one linen blanket, value 12 pence, the goods of James Eager , in a lodging room .


I am a gardner , in Brick-lane, I let a lodging to Coge, about seven weeks since, she was to pay 3 s. per week, it was furnished, she staid about six weeks; then she left it, and left the last week's rent unpaid; she took the lodging; Joseph Booth , who I thought her husband, came home, and said he had not received his wages, and could not pay his week's rent, as his master had not paid him; I went up next morning, and found the room door half opened, I went in and discovered my loss.

ANN EAGER sworn.

The prisoner took the lodging of me, I followed my husband, and missed the things.


I know the prisoner very well; I produce two sheets and a blanket; I took them in of the prisoner at three different times, first 25th of July, one sheet 2 s 30th of July, another sheet 11th of August, a blanket (produces the sheets and blanket) I took them all in of the prisoner.

Ann Eager . The sheets are marked A. E. the blanket has a dirty stain upon it.

(Deposes to the sheets.)

James Eager . I found the duplicates upon her when she was taken.

Prisoner. The man I lived with was out of work, and if he had been in work, he would have redeemed them.

GUILTY . (Aged 34.)

Imprisoned 6 months , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

388. JOSEPH BURFORD was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 6th day of August last, a cloth coat, value 50 s. and a silver watch, value 30 s. the goods of Charles Sommerville , in his dwelling-house .


I employed the prisoner to work for me, I am a taylor ; the 6th of August, Monday, I lost a coat and watch; I am a lodger, I went out about ten, and returned a quarter after; I had left the prisoner in my room, on my return he was gone, and my door locked; I wandered about till four o'clock, then I broke open the door, and discovered the coat and watch to be gone; I found the watch at the pawnbroker's, the coat he sold.


I am a constable in St. John's-lane; on the 14th of August the prisoner was brought into the watch-house, I searched him, and he told me the duplicate was at his lodgings; I found it there.


I am a pawnbroker; I produce a silver watch, I took it in of the prisoner about eleven or twelve in the forenoon, on the 8th of August; he came and he had more money on it.


I only know of taking him into custody.

(The watch deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I have but little to say in my defence, my Lord; I have been guilty of some follies, but I never before violated the laws of my country, there I humbly throw myself on the mercy of the court.

GUILTY. 30 s.

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

389. JOHN GAITSKILL was indicted for stealing, on the 14th of August , three linen handkerchiefs, value 3 s. two lawn handkerchiefs, value 5 s. one muslin handkerchief, value 3 s. and two muslin neckclothes, value 6 s. the goods of William Prater .

(The case opened by Mr. Knowlys.)


I am a linen-draper , at Charing-cross, the prisoner became my servant in March, on August 14th I discharged him; I told him I had a suspicion, and must examine his box; I went up stairs and examined his box, I desired him to let me examine further, which he refused; then I called up Mr. Husband; I then looked further, I found something not not marked; I then looked both the boxes, and gave Mr. Husband the keys, and ordered the prisoner out of my house, and never to come near my house any more; he came next day, and wished me to be reconciled; I told him to be gone, or I would send for a constable; I told him if he did not immediately depart I would send him to Botany-Bay, he would not go, so at lenth I sent for a constable; I produce the property which I swear to.

(The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY . (Aged 24.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

390. WILLIAM KELLEY was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of August , a cloth coat, value 2 s. four cotton waistcoats, value 2 s. a pair of leather shoes, value 1 d. the goods of John Perrot , and a linen table cloth, value 2 s. the goods of John Askell Bushnell , Esq.


I am butler to Mr. Bushnell; on Monday, the 13th of August, the things were missed from the butler's pantry; I had been absent about an hour, or an hour and an half; I found the prisoner in custody when I came back; there was no part of the house broke.


I am a gentleman's coachman; I was in John Street, and the prisoner passed; somebody gave an alarm, and I did also; he threw down a coat, four waistcoats, a pair of shoes, and a linen table cloth; I have kept them every since.

(Produces them.)


I am a chairman; I pursued the prisoner and took him.


I am servant to Mr. Bushnell; I saw the prisoner come with a bundle of the things, and I gave an alarm; I did not see him; I came up soon after; he is the lad I saw at first.

( John Parrot deposed to the coat.)

Prisoner. I worked at Brentford, as a plumber and glazier; I had been drinking, and coming by the prosecutor's door I heard an alarm, and I ran as others did, but know nothing of the affair.

The prisoner called five witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY . (Aged 25.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

391. MARGARET MASHALL and MARY RYAN were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 9th of July last, apiece of printed cotton, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Gibson , privately from his shop .


I live with Mr. Gibson, No. 35, in Oxford Road , a linen draper ; I was in the shop, about five in the evening of the 9th of July, alone, when the two prisoners came in, between five and six in the evening; I am certain to them; I never saw them before; Marshall had bought a gown before, and left some money on it; and she came to take it away; and she said, she had lost a gown of Ryan's, and she must buy another; they then asked to look at some more prints, and I took down a great many; they were very difficult; I watched them; and at last they asked for six yards of one of the prints, which I cut, and it came to 15 s. and they had only 18 d. to pay in part; then they asked me to look at some very elegant muslins; which I thought odd, as they had no money; I shewed her one, and asked her 34 s. she offered me a guinea; I rolled up the muslins and put them away; they went out of the shop, and were gone about one hundred and twenty yards; I followed them, and desired them to come back, which they did; and coming back I found the piece of linen under Marshall's foot; they were going, I detained them; there was no customer in the shop when they came in or when they went out.

(Deposed to by the private mark.)


I was not the way when the prisoners came in (coroborates the last witness.)


(Deposed to the cotton.)

Prisoner Marshall. I had nothing upon me.

Prisoner Ryan. She asked me to go with her; I know nothing at all about it

The prisoners Marshall and Ryan called each three witnesses, who gave them good characters.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

391. FREDERICK ROSE was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of August last, a pair of linen sheets, value 4 s. the property of Richard Sherwood , in a lodging room .


I live at No. 76, Charlotte Street , the 20th of August I let the prisoner a single room, at half a crown a week, three pair of stairs; he slept there that night; he went away a quarter before nine on the 21st; I saw him again the same day at twelve with a gentleman he lived with, in Devonshire-street; I went up into the room about a quarter after ten; I missed the sheets; I took him into custody; I saw my sheets the same afternoon at the magistrates, about four in the afternoon; I am sure they are the sheets he slept in that night.


I am the constable; I had the sheets before the magistrate.

- MORRIS sworn.

I am a pawnbroker; I believe these are the sheets I took in from one Mary Potts in the name of Elizabeth Harrington , who she said was her mistress.


I lived with Elizabeth Harrington at the time my mistress gave them to me to pledge.


Frederick Rose came to me before I was up, and he brought those sheets in hispocket, and asked me to let my servant take them, and I said I did not care, if they were his own; I have known him several years, but never knew where he lodged.

What way of life are you in? - I am an unfortunate woman, my lord.

(Deposed to.)


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

392. JAMES MORRIS was indicted for stealing, on the 10th day of September , a silk cloak, value 15 s. the goods of Hannah Lewis .


On Monday night, between nine and ten, I entered my house, and saw the prisoner; I live in Bridges-street, Covent Garden ; on coming in, and seeing a stranger, I asked who was there; he said, a friend; the maid, on hearing my voice, ran up much agitated; the prisoner was searched, and in his breeches was found a silk cloak.


I am servant to Mr. Lonsdale; the cloak is mine; I was at home, but did not know any person was in the house; the cloak was up three pair of stairs.


I was sent for on Monday last; to Mr. Lonsdale, to search the prisoner, and found this cloak in the prisoner's breeches; I have had it ever since.

Hannah Lewis (Deposes to the cloak.)

GUILTY . (Aged 32.)

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six month .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

393. THOMAS COOPER was indicted for stealing, on the 3d of September , thirty pound weight of lead, value 4 s. and two spickets and faucets, value 6 d. the goods of Moses Huguenin .


I am a carpenter; the prisoner was my journeyman ; on the 3d of September, a few minutes before seven, I saw Cooper coming down stairs, with his basket in his hand; and thinking he was too soon to leave work, I followed him, and saw lead in his basket; and I thought it too flagrant to be overlooked; and I watched him in to an old iron shop; I then went to a constable, and secured him in the shop; we took him to the new police office in Marlborough-street; I found the lead in his basket, when I returned with the constable; I was not gone a minute; I compared the lead, it belonged to a gutter of a front house, in which the prisoner had no business; it appeared to have been cut a week by the workmen, and deposited a week.


I really believe it to be part of my lead, having compared it.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

394. JOHN COOK and THOMAS COOK were indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Davis ; on the 5th of August , about the hour of two in the night; and feloniously stealing therein, one pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. a lump of sugar, weighing sixteen pound, value 12 s. one quart of brandy, value 12 d. one quart of rum, value 12 d. one quart of geneva, value 12 d. three hundred and sixty eight halfpence, and two hundred and sixty seven farthings, value 1 l. 15 s. 6 3/4 d.a wooden till, value 6 d. and a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Thomas Davis .


I keep a public house , the sign of the Cooper's-arms, in Chick-lane ; on the 5th of August, my house was broke open; my servant had locked up every thing safe at night; I went to bed a little before twelve; I saw all safe; about three o'clock I was alarmed by the watchman, and came down in the passage, and found the door a little open; I found a candle and a punch bowl; and then I went into the back part of the house, and saw a window shutter bored in nine different places, by an instrument in my pocket; the window was burst open, and the window shutters broke; and the shutters of the bar were broke open, there was a till, full of halfpence, and a lump of sugar of sixteen pounds weight taken out; I found a pair of stockings upon John Cook ; I heard a man had been apprehened near Red Lion Square, and I went and found John Cook ; I found these instruments in the bar of my house; the prisoners have been seen with them in my house many times.

ANN DAVIS sworn.

I am wife to the last witness; I know the stockings and handkerchief, by the washing and mending.

JOHN LANE sworn.

I produce a pair of stockings and a handkerchief; the prisoners were brought into the watch-house on the 5th of August; I was constable of the night, at St. Giles's watch-house; I took the stockings from John Cook , and the handkerchief from Thomas Cook , and a quantity of halfpence and farthings to the amount of 1 l. 15 s. 6 1/4 d. they were found on Thomas Cook.

(Mrs. Davis deposes to the stockings and handkerchief, and two pieces of coin.)


I know these stockings by the washing.

JOHN WARD sworn.

I apprehended Thomas Cook , at three o'clock in the morning, in Weston's Park; he threw down the halfpence, and on him I found this handkerchief.


I took John Cook , at the end of Red Lion Street; I searched him, and took these stockings out of his pocket, and delivered him to Mr. Lane.

Jury, Let us see the instruments Mr. Davis.

(Handed to the Jury.)


Davis and his wife keep a very bad house; and him and his wife are both receivers of stolen property.


I bought the stockings, they are not Davis's property; I bought them of a Jew.

JOHN COOK , GUILTY , Death . (Aged 18)

THO. COOK, GUILTY , Death . (Aged 24)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

395. THOMAS STYX , otherwise WOOD , and WILLIAM TOWNSEND , were indicted for feloniously assaulting Frederick Colby ; on a certain open place, near the king's highway, on the 5th of August last; and putting him in fear; and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a linen shirt, value 10 d. his property .


I was at work, and my master gave me an old shirt; I took a walk to the Bull's-head, the corner of John's Street: then I went into the field next Merlin's Cave , andI fell asleep, and was awaked by a violent blow on the head; it was about two o'clock, and moonlight; but I could not see, because they put their hands to my eyes; one of the four, I do not know which, said d - n your eyes, have you any money? they searched me, and I had a few halfpence, but they did not find them; one of them swore he would stick a knife into me; they kept beating me; I was scarcely able the next day to move; they took my shirt; then I went away, and found the patrol at the Angel, and he went with others, and took the two prisoners; I know my shirt.


I am the superintendant of the patrol; this man gave me an account of what had passed; I took him under my care, to leave him along with the watchman; I appointed the watch to meet me, to go and examine some hay stacks of Mr. Bartholomew; as I went I met two patrols with the prisoners and the shirt.


I am one of the patrol; I remember apprehending the two prisoners, in consequence of some information, on the 5th of August in the morning, me and my partner went into a brickfield near Collier Street, Islington; and waited behind a brick-kiln; and these two men came there, and seeing us they turned back, and we followed them; and I first took Styx, and left him with my partner; and afterwards the prisoner Townsend; I am sure the other man was one of the three; I took the shirt out of his bosom; he said he bought it in Field-lane, and gave 16 d. for it.


I was one of the patrol; I saw the two men taken; the shirt was found on Styx, not on Townsend.

(Deposed to by a hole, and not ironed.)


I work at bricks very hard for my living; I met William Townsend , and we each bought a shirt, and gave 16 d. for a shirt.


I was with Styx; we went and bought a shirt, I gave 21 d. for mine.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

396. JAMES AULKIN was indicted for feloniously assaulting James Williams , on the king's highway, on the 1st of August last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, a piece of silver coin, value half a crown, and 3 s. 6 d. in monies, numbered his monies .


I was robbed the 1st of August, between ten and eleven at night, the bottom of Highgate-hill , in the parish of Hornsey; I had come in a chaise from Barnet, and had then just got out of it, at the end of Finchley Common, by the Bald Faced Stag; I observed two men riding very fast, they rode past me; I suspected them at first; but at the bottom of Highgate-hill two men came from the side of a hedge, close by a hay-stack; the same two men, after I had passed by where they stood in the ditch, about thirty yards; they came galloping out of the ditch, and called stop; one of them said, d - n your eyes, give me your money; he then pulled out a pistol, and held it to me; I objected to giving him my money, and endeavoured to take him by the collar, to pull him off his horse; he then said, b - st your eyes, I will blow your brains out; my wife then said, give the gentlemen your money; accordingly I gave him 14 s. (half a guinea and 3 s. 6 d.) the other took the money from rather behind the chaise; the prisoner then said, d - n my eyes this is nothing;he then went to Mrs. Williams, and presented the pistol to her, and demanded her money; and searched the chaise; the men rode off back again, towards Finchley; they were with us about five minutes; the moon shone very bright; I took particular notice of the prisoner, and I am sure of him; the next evening I was informed of the inn where the two men hired their horses; I waited for him, and soon after he went by; I collared him; he had nothing over his face; I said, you are the man that robbed me last night; he said, you are mistaken; I said, I know you better now by your voice, as well as your face; I searched him, and found a brace of pistols, loaded (one with two balls) and a black crape pinned in his lining; I likewise saw the horse he was on in the stable, and knew him again.


I was at the corner of Charles-street, Oxford-road; and about half after one this prisoner put me on a grey horse, and I took it to Mr. Calvert's livery stables, the New Inn, Tottenham-court-road for him; I cannot fix any time when it was.


I apprehended the prisoner; they said they had searched him, and found eight shillings; I found a brace of pistols on him.


I live with Mr. James Miller ; I am the hostler; about twelve at night, the prisoner came in on an iron-grey horse; I never saw him before; I cannot tell the evening, but it was the same evening as this robbery.


About half past twelve o'clock, on the second of August, I heard a ringing at my master's gate bell, in Hanover-street; I let in two men, one of which was the prisoner; they came in about half after twelve and went away a little past one.


My lord judge; I have this to say, I am innocent of the thing; I have witnesses.

The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY . Death .

He was humbly recommended to his majesty's mercy by the jury, on account of his youth; and one of the jury had known him a long time, and never knew any thing against him before.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

397. SARAH JONES and HANNAH BACKRACK were indicted, for feloniously assaulting Sarah Dean , in an open place near the king's highway, on the 19th of August last; and putting her in fear, and feloniously taking from her person, and against her will, a silk purse, value 6 d. eight guineas, and a piece of foreign coin, called a dollar her property .

A second count, for assaulting her on the king's highway, instead of an open place near the king's highway.

Mr. Garrow. All the witnesses except the ladies are desired to go out of court.

Prisoners. We wish all the witnesses to go out of court.


I keep a boarding school at Bethnal-green; on the 19th of August I went to church, to hear a charity sermon; I was coming out of church, and there was a great crowd; and I was jostled, and I felt a hand in my right hand pocket; and immedately I saw my purse in the hand of Jones; one of the young ladies seeing me agitated, asked what I had lost, I told her, and wished to follow; I saw my purse pass, and Jones put her hand on my arm; I said it is gone, what is gone? says Jones, is the woman mad? I did not see any thingmore; I saw the purse pass from her hand to some other person. Two of the young ladies went after them.

Mr. Garrow, prisoner's counsel. You have recollected since you was at the magistrate's, that you saw the motion of one hand towards another person? - From the first I did.

I believe you did not mention that before the magistrate? - I certainly did.

How far did you see Jones after she spoke to you? - I suppose it might be the length of this room.


I had been at church with Mrs. Dean, and was just out of the church-gate: I observed Sarah Jones had hold of Mrs. Dean's arm, shaking her, and saying,

"What is the matter with the woman - is she mad?" I saw the other prisoner at the top of the street, shortly after; Sarah Jones ran away directly. I asked Mrs. Dean what was the matter, and what the woman had said. The top of the street is two hundred yards from where I saw Backrack: I went after her, and a young lady with me; we turned the corner; I continued to pursue with a second young lady, and I saw them go into the Two Brewers, a publick-house. I overtook several gentlemen, and they went with me: they were standing just by the bar. One of the gentlemen said, I had a charge against Sarah Jones ; I asked her whether she had not been at Bethnal-green church; she said yes. I asked her if she remembered a bustle coming out of the church, and taking hold of a lady's arm: she said yes. I said the lady had lost her purse, and I suspected she had it, and should detain her. Backrack was standing by Jones; she was there the whole time; afterwards there was a search made of both of them in our presence: eight guineas was found on Backrack, and a dollar; the dollar was found under Backrack's foot; Jones was searched; nothing was found on her.

Mr. Garrow. There was a considerable crowd? - Rather a crowd.

Before these persons were searched, they were asked what money they had, and they each of them told you as the fact turned out, Jones that she had none, and Backrack told you what money she had? - Yes.

You did not find on that day, I believe, Mrs. Dean's purse? - No.

Mrs. Jones readily acknowledged that she had been at church, that she had been a party in the bustle, and that she had laid her hand on the lady; and every thing else to which you interrogated her? - Yes.

Mr. Fielding. Did Backrack go away from the bar for any purpose? - She went out; I went with her.

How far did you go out of this room? - A very little way.

Was that before she was searched? - It was.

Mr. Garrow. Who else went with her? - Miss Clarke.

You went with her for the express purpose that she should make no ill use of that opportunity? - Yes.


I had been at church, and I saw Mrs. Dean so much agitated, which drew my attention.

Did you see either of the prisoners at the bar there? - Not till I went after Miss Richardson, and the other young lady; I did not see the prisoner till I came to James-street; in the middle of James-street they were both together.

(Deposes to the same effect.)

Mr. Marryatt, one of the prisoner's counsel. As soon as ever she had been to the place that we have alluded to, did they not tell you the truth about their pockets? - Jones did; Jones had nothing.


I went to the publick-house by desire of Mrs. Dean, and searched the prisoner Backrack; and she had eight guineas and four and six-pence, and some halfpence; I asked her if she had any thing more; she said no: I observed her stooping; I thoughtshe had something in her shoe; I desired her to pull it off; she did; there was nothing in it. I desired her to move, and close under where she stood lay a dollar; I asked her if she knew any thing of that, she said yes; O! says Jones, I know who gave you that, we can call Tom to witness who gave it you.

- POTTER sworn.

I am a beadle; I searched the prisoner Backrack, and found on her eight guineas, but no dollar; she pulled off her shoes; there was nothing in them; but on her moving, there was a dollar directly under her feet.

Mrs. Dean. (deposes to the dollar by a scratch) I have had that dollar fourteen or fifteen years.


I am a weaver: I found a purse in Busby's Fields. Where I found it is out of the road 200 yards from Spitalfields Church to the Two Brewers. I found it the day after it was cried.

- BARNETT sworn.

I am a butcher: Backrack lived with me as a servant; she had a dollar, which she gave a grandchild of mine to play with; but I cannot say any particular mark it had; she left me the beginning of August. I paid her upwards of 9 l.

The prisoner Jones called nine witnesses to her character.



Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

398. SAMUEL STARK was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 7th day of July last, one metal watch, value 30 s. one steel watch-chain, value 6 d. and two watch-keys, value 4 d. the property of James Flemming .


I am a whitesmith : on Saturday the 7th of July, in the evening about eight o'clock, I lost my watch; the maker's name is Wontner. The prisoner was my servant .


I am servant to a pawnbroker: I produce a watch; I took it in of the prisoner, on the 7th of July; I gave him a duplicate; he pledged it in the name of Samuel Johnson , for 12 s. It was in the evening, about half past eight o'clock.

Prosecutor. The prisoner told me if I would excuse him he would work it out; I told him no, justice must take place.

GUILTY . (Aged 58.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

399. WILLIAM DENMAN was indicted for stealing, on the 5th of July last, 6 lb. of raw sugar, value 2 s. the goods of James Gascoigne , Thomas Dawson , and James Dixon .


The latter end of June last, I had information: in consequence of it I went upon the wharf, and found the prisoner was in the warehouse, and I saw the prisoner come out of the warehouse; he was a confidential servant , entrusted with all the keys to a great amount. I followed him to a chandler's-shop in Thames-street. I went into the shop, and said,

"William, where do you come from?" he said,

"Sir, I have this moment come from the warehouse; I came from the warehouse directly here." I asked his business, he said he came to buy his dinner, and produced a shilling. I asked him if he had not some other business; if he had not some property abouthim that did not belong to him; he said no, he was ready to be searched; I did search him, and under the waistband of his breeches was a handkerchief with sugar; I told him to take it out; he did so; I asked him where he got it; he begged to be forgiven; he had never done any thing of this kind before.


I am a porter; I went into the shop; Mr. Gascoigne gave charge of him.

GUILTY . (Aged 28.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

400. WILLIAM SOAMES was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 3d day of September , 24 dollars, value 5 l. - 25 pieces of coin, value 20 s. - and a quantity of silver turnings, value 10 s. the goods of James Richards , in his dwelling-house .


I am a watch-case maker in Bridgewater-square, Barbican : the prisoner was a weekly servant ; I had given him three quantities of silver, of 114 oz. of new dollars, and fine silver; the melting-pot contained the whole quantity, and I saw it safe in the furnace; I then left the prisoner; the prisoner was burning the turnings from other silver; he was to attend the furnace also; I was called away, and absent from five to ten minutes; I went to the melting-pot to put in the remainder of the dollars, and discovered a quantity of silver turnings that I had not put in, and that had not been run down. I called the prisoner, and asked him how he came to put the turnings in the melting-pot with the dollars; had he ever done so before: he said at first that I had ordered him to do so, and afterwards that his mind was so disordered, that he did not know what he did; I did not suffer him to go out; I was then called to dinner, and not suspecting the man, I sent up his dinner from my own table. I returned to him in about ten minutes, to melt the other two quantities; it might require an hour and an half; I staid with him till the whole was melted. We have three garrets all in one passage; he went to the extremity; I directed him, after pouring off the last, to bring them to the scale to be weighed; he brought it forward; I weighed, and found a deficiency; he was then below stairs; on his return I told him of the deficiency; the prisoner said he could not give any account of it. I sent two of my men below stairs to search. I went down and found under some tiles, four and twenty new dollars. I brought them up stairs; I asked the prisoner how he came to be such a rascal: he said it was the first time; he had never done so before. I believe the dollars were mine; and the turnings were put in to supply their deficiency. There is no particular mark to them. When before the alderman, he said he hoped the gentleman would be merciful. When we first put the coin into the melting-pot, it will not hold so much as when it is in the state of fusion. The turnings might, when the pot was in a state of fusion, have been thrust down. I had sent the prisoner to Mr. Binns that day; he had lived with me three months; he brought from thence 350 oz. of dollars.


Mr. Richards sent for me on the 3d of September, and desired me to go into the counting house and examine the weights: I did so, and then went into the yard, and found the dollars under some tiles in the yard. The forge is in a garret over a house let out in tenements.

- PETHIO sworn.

On the 3d of September I went into the yard; I only saw Soames go from one shop into the other: the silver was found in the yard under some old tiles.

The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY, stealing, not in dwelling-house .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

401. JOHN KHEE , alias COE , was indicted for stealing, on the 20th of July , 20 iron hoops, value 5 s. the goods of John Rixon .


I am a labourer in Mr. Rixon's yard: I saw the prisoner take these iron hoops, between three and four o'clock; he went into the seasoning-house, and brought the hoops out upon his shoulder; I followed him and took him: I saw him go in without hoops, and come out with them. There were not any hoops in that place, but what were the property of Rixon.


There is nothing in the seasoning-room, but what belongs to Rixon.

GUILTY . ( Whipped .)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

402. JEMIMA ROLFE , alias WEBB , was indicted for feloniously breaking and entering in the dwelling-house of Edward Hutchins , about the hour of three in the day-time, no person being therein, and feloniously stealing one black silk cloak, value 10 s. a muslin apron, value 2 s. 6 d. a lawn apron, value 2 s. three bound books, value 1 s. 6 d. one pair of woollen stockings, value 6 d. and other wearing apparel, his property .


I am a labouring-man ; I keep house in the parish of Hayes ; my house was broke open in the morning; my wife was last out of, and first into the house.


My house was broke open about a month back. In the morning I went out after my husband, and fastened the door; I locked it: the house was secure; I came out about seven in the morning, and returned about seven in the evening: a board was taken down from the back-part of the house, a place that any person might get through; I found the back-door open; I missed a silk cloak, a muslin apron, a lawn apron (repeats the articles in the indictment) I suspected Jane Rolfe ; she was at my house in the morning, and wanted a lodging. My husband found the things upon her; I should know them again.

Edward Hutchins . I do not recollect the day of the month the robbery was done; it was on Tuesday; on Thursday I found her at Brentford; the cloak was on her arm, and the other things in a bundle; I have kept the things ever since.

(The things produced.)

It was light when we went out, and when we returned. The handkerchief is marked S; the coloured apron was marked; these two books belong to us; she made away with one of them; before the justice she said she picked the mark out of the cheque apron.

GUILTY of stealing to the value of 4 s. 10 d.

(Aged 25.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

403. MARY HARRIS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 21st of July ,a linen bed-gown, value 2 s. the goods of Sarah Hunsworth .


I live at No. 22, Cock-lane, Shoreditch , I am a widow ; I lost a bed-gown on Saturday 21st of July. Mary Harris came into my shop about seven in the evening; she asked me if I had not a gown to dispose of that hung up in the middle of the week: I asked her what kind of gown; she told me, and she fitted it, and we agreed for the gown at 16 s.; then she wanted a skirt; I told her I had a black one; I shewed it to her, and we agreed for 6 s. She asked then if I had a shift; I said yes. Then I asked Mrs. Waylen to mind the shop while I went up stairs to fetch one; I came down, and she looked at it, and approved of it, and a double handkerchief: after she had agreed for the things, which came to 27 s. then she said, before I pay for them, I will have a quartern of gin; she did not pay for the gin; Mrs. Whaley went for the gin, and informed Mrs. M'Nally, that the woman then in my shop had robbed me; Mrs. M'Nally came in, and the prisoner wanted to go out, Mrs. M'Nally stopped her; the bed-gown, when I went up, was on a shelf behind the counter; there was only Whaley in the shop with me and the prisoner.


I was at Mrs. Hunsworth's, 12th July: while Mrs. Hunsworth went up to look for a shift, Mary Harris came round the counter, and took the bed-gown, and tucked it up her petticoats; I never saw the girl before; I went to fetch the gin, and when I came back I told Mrs. Hunsworth that Harris had robbed her; and she said, you b - h, I will cut your bloody liver out.

Mrs. M'NALLY sworn.

I went to Mrs. Hunsworth's by desire of Whaley; I saw the bed-gown under the prisoner's feet: she swore she would break the windows if she was not let out, and that she would never leave me till she had my bloody life.

The bed-gown produced by the constable, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.

GUILTY . (Aged 20.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

404. WILLIAM LYON was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 7th of July , 20 lb. weight of starch, value 10 s. the goods of Samuel Newell , privately in his shop .


I am a tallow-chandler , the prisoner was taken with 4 papers of starch.

- LEE sworn.

I get my living in the streets, I am what they call a Castar - . I met this lad coming through the lane from the half-way house Redman's-Row, he had 4 papers of starch in his apron, there was another boy with him, I suspected they had stolen something, I took him and Price going to the watch-house; Mr. Newell came out, he was about a quarter of a mile from Newell's house; I saw this boy hand the starch over the bank. I went up to him and he seemed to be easing himself; I asked what he had there, he said some starch, he was going with it to Catherine Wheel Alley; that was about ten o'clock in the morning, I think on Saturday the 7th of July.

Samuel Newell . This boy was brought by my door and I missed 4 papers of starch, they supported some rushes in my window, when I discovered the loss the rushes were all loose; it is marked by the starch-makers and the Excise officers.


I produce the Starch (Produces 4 papers)

Prosecutor. This starch exactly correspondswith the starch I had at home, and is marked No. 52. I cannot say what number of papers I had in the house; the starch might cost about 13 s.

Prisoner. A man offered me a shilling to carry it to Ratcliff-Highway, and ran away while I was easing myself.

GUILTY . (Aged 17)

Of stealing to the value of 4 s. 10 d.

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

405. RICHARD STANIFORTH was indicted for that he on the 8th of August last, being a letter-carrier, employed by the General Post Office , feloniously did secret a letter containing a bank post bill, value 10 l. the property of William Scarborough ; a second count alleging it to be a packet instead of a letter; a third and fourth counts laying it to be the property of William Carlisle .

(The witnesses examined separate.)

(Mr. Garrow opened the indictment, and Mr. Fielding the case).


I live at St. Neot's, in Huntingdonshire, on the 7th of August I sent a bank post bill of 10 l. with a Cambridge bill in a letter directed to Mr. William Carlisle , Jermyn-street, St. James's; it was also of the value of 10 l. I took the number of the bank post bill; I put the letter into the post myself on the 7th of August about 20 minutes after three; (shews him a bill) this is the bill, I know it by the number 8952; I also took the date of the bill, and this is the letter.


I am postmaster at St. Neot's; on the 7th of August I made up all the bags of letters about four o'clock; I inclosed in that bag all the letters that came that day; I delivered the bag to Thomas Stadwell , the Huntingdon post boy.

Mr. Knowlys, Prisoner's Counsel. Do you keep a shop? - No, I keep the Cross Inn.

Who has access to the letters besides yourself, your wife? - Yes.

Perhaps too your servants in the inn have access to the place where the letters are deposited? - No, they cannot get to the place where the letters are deposited.

How are the letters secured? - Secured, it is a private room, there is a hole to put them into out of the yard; I always keep the key.

But may the servants get into that room? - When I am delivering the letters in a morning they may; the clerk of the parish comes to receive them.

Is the room kept locked? - Yes.

Then only your wife can get into it besides yourself? - No, Sir.

Your wife is not here? - No.

Mr. Garrow. Between three o'clock and the time you make up your bag your servants have no access to it? - No.


I am the Huntingdon post-boy; on the 7th of August I received the bag and delivered it about six in the evening to Mr. Wimbley, the post master; about seven the bag was sealed up and put into my mail-cart and locked. It stops at a private house to take up bye letters at St. Neot's Bridge; it was not opened on that occasion, I delivered it safe at Huntingdon.


I look after the mails when they come in; a bag like this comes to the General Post Office sealed, if unsealed it would be objected to; I received this bag safe.


I live at No. 73, Jermyn-street; I received the letter in question after my wife had opened it and not before, not until the 9th.


I am wife of Mr. William Carlisle , in Jermyn-street; I received this letter in the absence of Mr. Carlisle, on the 9th of August, it contained a part of a letter from Mr. Scarborough, and a 10 l. Cambridge note; I received no letter on the 8th, which was the day in course.

Did it contain any bank post bill? - No.


I am inspector of the letter carriers; in the month of August the prisoner was a letter carrier to deliver letters in Pall Mall and Jermyn-street, which comprehends No. 73, he was on duty that day and signed his name; suspicions falling on the prisoner, I made him write his name and Jermyn-street. I had his lodgings searched, but found nothing.

Mr. Knowlys. Does not it often happen that letters intended for the walk of one man get into the walk of another? - No.


I am a butcher in Newport-street.

In August last did you receive a bank post bill in payment? - Yes, on a Wednesday.

Of whom? - Of the prisoner at the bar, I recollect his purchasing a foreloin of lamb; I rather scrupled the note at first; he said he had taken two notes that day; I have no doubt of him, I have seen him several times; when I first went to the city I took the note; I have no doubt of his being the man.


"Bank Post Bill, N. E. 8952 London, 28.

"July 1792, at seven days sight, I promise

"to pay this my sola bill of exchange

"to Messrs. R. Housman and

"self, or order, 10 l. sterling, value received

"of Messrs. Newnham and Co.

"for the governor and company of the

"Bank of England (the subscription

"torn off.) Indorsed R. Housman

"and Son. Received George Corderoy ,

"Newport Market."

Mr. Knowlys. Mr. Corderoy, I believe at the time this transaction took place, whoever paid you this bill, a journeyman of yours of the name of Emur was present? - A young man that I had a few days, I do not know he was in the shop.

He I believe was at Bow-street also? - He was, I dare say he attended at the same time.


I am servant to Mr. Shepherd, a baker; I know the prisoner; he lived in Marshall Street, Carnaby Market.

Do you remember on Thursday, the 9th of August, or the Friday, baking any thing for the prisoner's dinner? - Yes; a fore quarter of lamb; I cannot say which day, it was either Thursday or Friday; I carried it home to the prisoner's house.


I am a casheer of the bank, it is the course of the bank, if a person applies for it to accept the post bills at the time; this bill was so accepted; it has a part of my signature upon it, and part has been torn off at the Bank when it was returned there.

(The letter read.)

"St. Neott's, August 7, 1792,

Dear Sister,

Your's of the 5th I received, and have sent you twenty pounds, in two ten pound bills; you had better get the Cambridge bill changed in London, as it will not pass so easy in Yorkshire; and in case of accident, or death, send a note; I wish Mr. Carlisle to pay me again, &c.


My Lord, I know nothing at all of what I am accused of; I could not deliver it, nor have any thing to do with it.


Mr. Knowlys Was you servant to Mr. Corderoy in the month of August? was you employed in his shop? - Yes; I was.

Do you recollect a person purchasing a fore-quarter of lamb, and paying him by a bank post bill? - Yes;

You recollect that circumstance? - Yes;

I believe you was sent for to Bow-street, by Mr. Parkins, the solicitor to the Post-office? - Yes;

Did you see the prisoner at that time? - Yes?

Do you imagine, do you think, upon your oath, and recollection, that the prisoner is the person that purchased that fore-quarter of lamb, and paid for it by a bank post bill? - No, sir, I do not think he is; I would not swear to him positively.

In what respect do you imagine they differed? - I took the man when he came to the shop to have a wig on.

Do you think he differed from the prisoner in any other respect, as to height and bulk? - I think he was a taller man?

Had you an opportunity of seeing that man who was in the shop? - I was busy, I did not take any particular notice.

The prisoner called five very respectable witnesses, who had known him a great many years, and all gave him a most excellent character.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

406. SARAH BARKER was indicted for stealing, on the 3d of August , a child's silk cloak, value 1 l. 6 d. the goods of Jacob Davis .


I am wife to Jacob Davis , he keeps a cloth's shop ; the prisoner came into our to buy a pair of stockings, between eleven and twelve in the forenoon; I shewed her some stockings, and she bid me money for a pair, which I could not take; it was pinned to a petticoat, which she cheapened; I missed the cloak, and sent the girl after her; she had not been out of the house two minutes; I went out before she came back, and met her about two yards from my own door; the cloak was in her lap; I have it here (produced); I have had it ever since last winter; it is a dyed cloak.


My mistress called me out of the parlour; I went out after her, and I brought her back; she said she had no cloak in her apron; I am servant to the prosecutor; I am a jewess, and so is my mistress.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned three months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

407. THOMAS LONG was indicted for stealing, on the 27th of July last, forty two pair of leather shoes, value 5 l. the property of William Dickie , William M'Clure , and James Brown .


I sent my boy on Friday, the 27th of of July, with some shoes; they were taken from him; he is an errand boy; he had three dozen and six pair of shoes.


On Friday, the 27th of July, I was sent out with forty-two pair of shoes; they were in a bag; I was to take them to Duke's-court, St. Martin's-lane; my master lives in Colman street; I carried them as far as Middle Temple-lane; there I rested; I asked the prisoner to help them upon my back; he said, yes, my lad, how far are you going? I told him to Duke's court; he said he was going as far as the Haymarket, and he would carry them for me; he took them on his shoulder; he went into the Boar's-head, in Exeter-street ; and told me to go in and order him a pint of beer, he went into the public house, and drank his beer; he gave me a bad shilling and a tobacco pouch, and sent me to get some tobacco; when I returned, he was gone with the shoes; I ran down Burleigh-street, and cried stop thief! and at the corner of Exeter-court, he dropped them; he was about two steps down the Savoy-steps, one Thompson saw him drop them; I am sure I did not ask the prisoner to carry them; where I found the shoes was about the length of the court from the public-house.


I am servant to Mr. Williams, at the Boar's-head, in Exeter-street; the prisoner came to the door of our house, with the boy, and while the boy was gone, the prisoner took the bag up on his shoulders, and ran down the street as hard as he could run; I called out stop thief! I ran after him, and saw him drop the bag at the corner of Change-court, I did not see the prisoner taken.


I pursued the prisoner; and he droppedthe bag; I stood by it, till he was brought back; the boy came up to me, and said, this is my bag.


I stopped the prisoner; I saw the prisoner run.

(The bag of shoes produced.)

Dickie. I can ascertain the shoes to be mine; I have no doubt at all.

Prisoner. I have a very large family, and was not three doors from the public house; I had no intention of stealing the shoes.

GUILTY . (Aged 30.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

408. LOUISA SPUDY was indicted for stealing, on the 8th of February , one silver table spoon, value 8 s. the property of Daniel Larkin .


The prisoner pawned the spoon.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

409. JOHN HILTON was indicted for stealing, on the 23d of August , one boy's hat, value 3 s. the property of Sebastian Jewby .


I lost a child's hat, on the 22d of August last; the prisoner asked me leave to go out repeatedly, at last I gave him leave to go out; and I finished this hat in the morning; I suspected him, and took him in Soho Square; he had nothing in his pocket but a few yards of galloon; I saw the constable take the hat from behind him; he was committed.

- KENNEDY sworn.

I found the hat inside his breeches.

(The hat deposed to.)

There is a private mark on the side of it with chalk.


On the Monday before this, my master and me had a great many words, about my bed and bedding not being put to rights, and he made me work on Sundays.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.

410. JOHN PHILLPS and RICH. BUDGE were indicted for stealing, on the 9th of July last, one pair of iron buckles plated with silver, value 2 s. the property of Christopher Sanders .


The prisoners were taken with the buckles.



To be privately whipped , and delivered to Mr. Sheriff Anderson.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

411. RICHARD COMSBY was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of August , one silver table spoon, value 7 s. the property of Thomas White .


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

412. WILLIAM TENNANT was indicted for stealing, on the 15th of July last, one silver watch, value 12 s. a steel chain, value 4 d. and a key, value 1 d. and a metal trinket, value 1 d. the property of Thomas Owen .

The prosecutor and prisoner slept together, and the prisoner pawned the watch with Robert Mulcaster .


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

413. EDWARD WRIGHT was indicted for stealing, on the 28th of August , sixteen pound weight of bacon, value 7 s. the property of William Lewis .

The prisoner was taken with the bacon upon him.

Prisoner. I bought the bacon; to be sure I have been here before; but I have left it entirely off.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

414. MARY HARRISON was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of September, a cotton gown, value 12 s. a striped dimity petticoat, value 6 s. a flowered striped ditto, value 6 s. a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. a cotton shawl, value 18 d. a muslin apron, value 12 d. a shirt, value 12 d. an apron, value 6 d. a cap, value 2 s. a bed-gown, value 4 s. two night-caps, value 6 d. a ribbon, value 2 s. and half a guinea, a dollar, and a silver pocket-piece, value 12 d. the property of Charlotte Davis , spinster , in the dwelling house, of John Martin ; and

ELIZABETH HARRISON was indicted for feloniously receiving part of the said goods, knowing them to be stolen .


On the 1st of September I came to town, and I met with the prisoner, Mary Harrison , and I asked her to recommend me a room; she said she would take me to her room, in the house of John Martin ; I had the things in the indictment; it was ten when I went there, I staid till twelve; after I went in I was hungry, and I sent for some meat, and gave the prisoner some; and she was washing, and she said she had but one cap, and I opened my bundle to gave her one cap; she looked very much in my bundle; and then I went to bed to sleep; and all my cloaths and money were gone; Mary Harrison came in, and I told her I was robbed; my bed-gown was untied, and my petticoat was untied, and my apron untied; I have got a pair of stockings which were taken off Mary Harrison 's legs, and a shift; I had no friend at all; I had a mother-in-law; and I had a little money, and a few cloaths; and I heard of other girls doing well, and I came up; I asked a woman in the next room for my bundle; in about half an hour after, Elizabeth Harrison came into the house; I told her, her daughter had robbed me the, people at next door had told me; the mother attempted to strike me, and the daughter struck me twice, after the constable had come; the mother was tipsy, and treating the people with gin.

(The stockings and petticoat produced, and deposed to.)

(Two pawnbrokers produced several things pledged by Elizabeth Harrison , the mother, which were deposed to.)


She asked to have something to eat and drink; and she followed me along; she told me to take the things and make some money of them; she said she had seen me the Sunday week before; she said she came away from a bawdy-house; I took the things to my mother.

Prosecutor. I never desired her to pawn them; I was fast asleep on the bed.

Prisoner Elizabeth Harrison. I went out to work, and my daughter called me, and asked me to go and pawn these things.

Court to Prosecutrix. How old are you, Charlotte Davis ? - Sixteen, my lord.

MARY HARRISON , GUILTY of stealing value 39 s.

ELIZ. HARRISON, GUILTY of receiving .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

415. ELIZABETH FOWLER was indicted for stealing, on the 12th of August , a silver table spoon, value 10 s. the property of Andrew Douglas .

The prisoner was taken with the spoon upon her.

Prisoner. I found it in the dust tub.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six Months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

416. ANTHONY CLERISBY was indicted for stealing, the 14th of September , one pound twelve ounces weight of sewing silk, value 40 s. the property of Joseph Miller and George Wright , in the dwelling-house of Thomas Wardale .


I am servant to Joseph Miller and George Wright ; they are in business together; they keep a button warehouse, and silk manufactory ; on Friday morning last, the 14th of September, the silk was taken from the warehouse of Miller and Wright, in the dwelling house of Thomas Wardale; between seven and eight in the morning the prisoner came into the warehouse, and asked to look at some sewing silk; I reached down a large wrapper of sewing silk; he then looked out some for me to weigh; while I was weighing it, I perceived the prisoner put his hand in the wrapper, take out some silk, and put it into his right-hand pocket; I then told my fellow servant, John Elliott ; then I sent for a constable to search the prisoner; I saw him searched, and out of his right-hand pocket, the constable took some silk; and out of his left pocket he took some; in all it was one pound three-quarters; we sell it at 18 s. a pound, we value it at 40 s. the prisoner said it was his own property, he had been several times in our warehouse; that silk in the right-hand pocket, which I saw him take, is not separated from the other which was in the left-hand pocket, I do not swear to.

The Prisoner called one witness to his character.

GUILTY, 39 s.

Whipped , and imprisoned six Months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

417. JAMES FLOWER was indicted for stealing, on the second of July last, fifty yards of Irish linen cloth, value 50 s. the property of John Evans .

(The witnesses examined separate.)

The prosecutor John Evans, lost his cloth on the second of July, and found it the following day.


The prisoner brought two pieces of linen to him the 3d of July in his knapsack.

(Deposed to.)


I saw the prisoner come into the shop about five in the afternoon.


There was a crowd, and I picked up the things.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six Months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

418. JOHN WILSON was indicted for stealing, on the 12th of September , a pair of cotton stockings, value 2 s 6 d. the property of James Somers , privately in his shop .


I live with Mr. Summerset, linen draper, mercer, and hosier ; on Wednesday, the 12th of September, this man came in and desired to look at some stockings; I shewed him several papers of stockings; at length he said, these are not thick enough, others that I shewed him was not the rib he wanted; then he went out, and being a suspicious character, I looked over the papers, and missed one pair of stockings; and then I went after him, and took him; he begged me to let him go; I said no; then he pulled them out, and begged for mercy; I took him to the Brown Bear , and he was searched.


I am an officer; I searched the prisoner, and found these stockings in his left-hand coat pocket.


Whipped , and imprisoned three Months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

419. JAMES SHORE , alias SHAW , was indicted for stealing, on the 18th of June , an iron chain, called a back-hand, value 3 s. the goods of John Harper .


I live in Edgware Road ; I am a cow-keeper and farmer : I lost an iron chain, on the 18th of June; I had lost a dozen before.


I was coming out of my cow-house, between seven and eight at night, and I saw Shore, and thought he was upon no good, and I watched him; he lay down in the cart, and I staid till nine o'clock, and then I saw him get out of the cart, and take the chain.

GUILTY , (Aged 22.)

Whipped and imprisoned three Month .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

420. JOHN SHUDLEY was indicted for stealing, on the 27th of August , a cotton handkerchief, value 1 s. the goods of John M'Ara .

JOHN M'ARA sworn.

I am a taylor ; my pocket was picked on the 27th of August, about four o'clock in the afternoon, in Rosemary-lane ; I was going through the crowd; a witness told me I had my pocket picked.


I was in Rosemary-lane; on the 27th, I saw the prisoner offering three very good handkerchiefs for twenty-pence, a woman bid him fourteen-pence, he looked at me, and said, will you have them? I said, what, for fourteen-pence? and he took and bull'd them at the woman, and she put them in her apron; there was another ill-looking fellow, and I followed them, and saw the prisoner take the handkerchief out of the prosecutor's pocket; I tapped him on the shoulder, and said, sir, you have had your pocket picked; I seized the prisoner, and said, you rascal, you have picked that man's pocket; the prisoner had taken the handkerchief out of the prosecutor's right-hand pocket; I took him by the collar with my right-hand, and took the handkerchief with my left.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

421. JAMES HUGHES was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of September , a wooden firkin, value 10 d. and fifty-six pound of salted butter, value 36 s. the goods of James and Joseph Mitchell .


I was coming up Holborn; I saw a person drawing a truck, he went into a public house, and left the truck in the street; the prisoner and two others were pushing behind; when they came to Brook-street, the prisoner took this firkin, and put it on his shoulder, and I went up and took him.


I am a cheesemonger , in New Compton-street; the butter and firkin is the property of me and my brother; we are partners.

GUILTY . (Aged 19)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

422. ISABELLA GRAHAM was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of August last, a silk purse value 1 d. two half guineas and sixpence , the property of Edward Pardie .


I am a salesman's servant ; on Friday the the 11th of August, I was coming by Somerset house, I saw the prisoner and three or four others; Isabella Graham, said, farmer, are you going to market? I said, yes; she said so am I; are you going to Fleet-market? I said, no, I am going to Newgate market; we walked arm in arm through Temple-bar, and there was some things fell from the cart; when we had got them up, we went to the end of Fleet-market, and the man who collects the toll asked me for two pence; I took out sixpence, and he gave me four pence; I put my purse and two half guineas into my right hand pocket, she had still hold of my arm, and we came to the corner of Ave Maria Lane , and the cart turned up, and she made a stop, and asked me, if I would go any further; I said I had not time; I kissed her, and clapped my hand to my pocket, and she was crossing over to Creed-lane; I thought I felt her hand come out of my pocket; I followed her, and abused her, and charged her with stealing it; she said she had not got it; I said, if you will give it me, I will give you half-a-crown: she said no, I have not got it; then I gave charge of her, and took her to the watch-house, there she was searched; nothing was found upon her. I went back to the place where I stopped her; me and three watchmen; I took a lantern and searched the place; and within a yard of the place where I stopped her, I picked up the purse: I know the purse very well; I have had it some time.

Prisoner. My lord, he walked with his breeches down, in a very indecent posture.

Prosecutor. My Lord, I swear positively I never had my breeches unbuttoned at all.

Prisoner. Did not you say as soon as you had unloaded your cart, you would come to my lodgings and sleep?

Prosecutor. My Lord, I never said any such thing.


I am a watchman; I was present when the prisoner was searched, and went out with Purdie, and found the purse in the street where the prosecutor had described it to be lost.

Prisoner. He went out and he was not long before he came back, and said he had found it, and was sorry for the trouble he had given me, and that if he could get change for half-a-guinea, he would give me half-a-crown for the trouble he had given me.

Parsons. He never said any such thing.


Recommended to the mercy of the Court and Jury.

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned one week .

Tried by the second London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

423. JOSEPH BURNET was indicted for stealing, on the 18th of July , 6 quart pewter pots, value 3 s. and 17 pewter pint pots, value 3 s. the goods of Richard Playter .


I keep the Three Pigeons in Butcherhall-lane ; on the 18th of July (Wednesday) I lost three quart and seventeen pint pots; my lad was getting them in, and the whole string of pots were stolen.


I was a servant to Mr. Playter; on the 18th of July, between nine and ten in the morning, I went out to gather my pots, and had six quarts and seventeen pints; I fastened my strap with the pots to the bars of a shutter in Little Britain: I always fastened it to that place; when I came to the place I missed my pots, and was informed that the prisoner was taken, and at my master's house. I know they were my master's pots; his name is on the pots.

ANN YOUNG sworn.

I am a relation and servant to the prosecutor; I saw the prisoner standing several minutes, and then a man took the pots, and put them into a basket, and the prisoner put it on his shoulder; there were pint pots and quart pots.

Prisoner. The girl was not there when I was stopped.

Ann Young . Yes I was, but I lost sight of him while I went to tell Playter of it.


I am servant to Playter; I was standing in the tap-room of my master's house; when the girl came and informed me, that a man had taken the pots and put them into a basket, and was carrying them away; I pursued him, and took him with the property on him.


I took the man into custody.

(The pots produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner. I was coming along, and a man asked me to carry them, and said he would give me a pint of beer.

GUILTY . (Aged 25.)

Whipped and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

424. JOHN HOLMES was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of July , 1 silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the goods of George Bailey , privately from his person .


Between one and two o'clock, on the 13th of July, I had my pocket picked in Fleet-street ; a person came up and told me my pocket had been picked; I turned round and collared the prisoner; he dropped the handkerchief; I saw him do so.


I saw the prisoner Holmes in the act of taking it out of Mr. Bailey's pocket, and I collared him.

Prisoner. A young man just before me dropped it.

GUILTY of staling only, not privately .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

425. DANIEL JUNEP and GEORGE MOORE were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 20th of August , 24 linen handkerchiefs, value 12 s. and 2 lb. of thread, value 8 s. the goods of John Hillice . Second count, for stealing a bundle of tape, value 2 s. 6 d. the goods of Messrs. Stafford and Smith . Third count, laying the goods to be the property of William Downes .


I am a servant to Mr. Smith and Co. on the 20th of August, the things were missed from a package in coming from the wharf: the goods were taken all from one box.


I live with Mr. John Hillice , haberdasher; on the 20th of August, three boxes were brought in; two of them held ounce thread, the other linen handkerchiefs: that box which had the linen handkerchiefs had been broke open; and that which had ounce thread was broke open in two places; there were 2 doz. handkerchiefs missing, and 2 lb. of thread; there were vacancies that answered the quantity of things taken out.


On Monday the 20th of August, I was at work in my shop, and turning my eye, I saw the taller prisoner in a waggon, trying to open a chest; he had a tool in his hand; I thought he was doing wrong, and I followed the waggon, and then called upon Mr. Lee, and followed the waggon, and saw the left-hand of Juner take out some articles, and then he nailed it down, and Moore came from the head of the horses, and said,

"Nail it down tight;" they stopped at the White Swan, and had some oysters and beer; I got upon the fore-wheel of the waggon, and looked in where the property was lying: the waggon then went on, and stopped at the bottom of Holborn Hill at Mr. Stafford's; and while they were getting out the boxes, I went in and told Mr. Stafford he had been robbed. Mr. Stafford said,

"My lads, this box looks as if it had been opened;" they denied it, and Mr. Stafford had the box opened; I went then into the waggon, and brought this parcel and this bag out of the waggon. Juner was then sent to the Compter, and the other man drove the waggon to Mr. Hillice's; and then Mr. Hillice discovered that both his boxes had been broke open.


I am a constable; I searched the prisoner, and I found this chissel and this hammer on him.


On Monday the 20th of August, I saw Juner open a box, and he took out five blue parcels, and put them into a bag; the box was in a waggon. This witnesses's testimony exactly corresponded with Stapleton's.

The prisoners called several witnesses to their characters.



Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

426. ELIZABETH HUMBLES was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of August , eight table-cloths, value 8 s. one table-cloth, value 1 s. one pair of silk stockings, value 3 s. and other articles, the goods of John Fletcher , in his dwelling-house .


I am the wife of John Fletcher ; we live in Cecil-street ; the prisoner was employed occasionally as a washerwoman and chairwoman . I cannot recollect on what day these things were taken, but I dare say they were not all taken at the same time. The constable whom we employed searched her lodging, and found several duplicates.

William Cuffe and Joseph Turner produced several of the articles pledged by the prisoner, which were deposed to.


I was there a charing; and the gentlewoman went out of town, and my husbandwas in great distress, and he went with me, and made me pledge these things; and he had the money.

The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave her a good character.

GUILTY of stealing to the value of 30 s.

Imprisoned one month , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

427. JOHN DAVY and JOHN SIMPSON were indicted for stealing, on the 4th of September , 16 s. in monies , numbered the monies of William Dibble .


I keep a publick-house , the Hoop and Bunch of Grapes in Cable-street ; I lost 16 s. I received an order for a pot of beer, and having no servant, I went with it myself; I suspected, and I shut the back-door, and I heard it rattle, and I saw Davy with it; I know nothing of the other prisoner.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. BARON HOTHAM .

428. ANN WHEELER was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of April , two linen sheets, value 4 s. one copper tea kettle, value 1 s. one flat iron, value 6 d. the property of George Wilkins , in a lodging-room .

The prisoner confessed pawning the things, and the pawnbrokers produced them.

(Deposed to.)

GUILTY . (Aged 65.)

Imprisoned six months , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

429. DANIEL LEGATY and GEO. CHAPMAN were indicted for stealing, on the 17th of September , 30 lb. of lead, value 5 s. belonging to William Baillie , fixed to a certain building of his against the statute .

The prisoner Legaty was taken with the lead.



Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Transportation. See summary.]

430. CHRISTOPHER CONNELL was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th of July , one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 10 s. one pair of shoes, value 1 s. 6 d. a man's hat, value 5 s. a pair of velveret breeches, value 5 s. and a pair of white linen trowsers, value 2 s. the goods of William Cuthbertson , privately, in the dwelling-house of Andrew Peterson .


I lost my things from the house of Andrew Paterson; I went to bed and left my things all on the chest, and when I waked, my things were all gone. I don't know the prisoner; this was on Tuesday morning, between four and five. I took the prisoner out of the parlour chimney. When I found my clothes were gone, I got up and overhauled the house: I found him in the parlour. I lodged in the second floor; he had pulled off his clothes, and put mine on; his clothes were a good deal worse than mine.


(Produces the clothes.)

I took the things from the prisoner's back: I am a runner at Shadwell Office; these clothes are better than the prisoner's considerably.

GUILTY, stealing to the value of 20 s.

Whipped , imprisoned one month .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

431. MARY MILLER was indicted for stealing, on the 15th August last, a pair of stone buckles, value 5 s. a piece of sash ribbon, value 2 d. four plated table-spoons, value 4 s. five plated tea-spoons, value 1 s. 14 knives and 15 forks, value 10 s. the property of John Hinde .

- GILBERT sworn.

On the 15th of August, I apprehended the prisoner; I went to the prisoner's lodgings, and found these things.


JOHN HIND sworn.

I swear to these knives; the articles were in a drawer in the counting-house; she was a chair-woman in the house; I searched her in my dining-room, and found 6 plated spoons.

I wish to recommend her to the mercy of the Court.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned 6 months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. BARON HOTHAM .

432. THOMAS HANNING was indicted for stealing, on the 18th of June , a pair of silk stockings, value 8 s. the goods of George Cumbers , Esq.


I am housekeeper to Mr. Cumbers; the prisoner came and asked for the housekeeper; I was up stairs; when I came down stairs, I asked him what he wanted; he was very well dressed: he said he was very much distressed, and begged I would give him something. I told him I had nothing to give him: there were several pairs of silk stockings lying on the table, and these among the rest; I can swear to the man; I talked to him five minutes; the stockings I can swear to; as soon as the prisoner went away I missed the stockings.

- CLEWLY sworn.

I am a constable; I apprehended the prisoner, and found the stockings.

Prisoner. I bought the stockings.

GUILTY . (Aged 35.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

433. THOMAS SMITH was indicted for stealing, on the 25th of July last, 84 lb. of lead, value 15 s. the property of the East India Company .


I saw the prisoner walking very heavy; I followed him into Mrs. Field's shop; I saw him shug up his waistcoat, and take out a piece of lead from his waistband, and lay it down in the shop; then he went to the warehouse, and came out a second time; we took him into custody.


I found a piece of lead, 37 lb, under the waistband of the prisoner's breeches: says I, whose property; says he, I am my own master. I took him to the plumber's shop; there I found 1 cwt. and 3-qrs. more.


I was employed by the India Company; the prisoner worked with me six weeks, and two or three days; these three pieces are part of the lining of the reservoir; we had finished the building, and this new lead was the lead of the reservoir. I opened the pieces at the mansion-house, before the man had his examination, and the pieces are the exact length.


I see this lead; this lead never was from the reservoir at all; we had no such lead as that come from the reservoir at all; we have no such sized piece as that.

- MILLER sworn.

I lived at Mr. Goodwin's till yesterday, twelve o'clock.

Look at that lead, and see whether there is any way of identifying it. - I cannot swear to that lead.

Do you think it possible now, for people on their oaths to identify it? - I do not think they can with a safe conscience.

Mr. Garrow. What sort of lead is that? - It is sheet lead.

Upon your oath was there not such lead used? - There was sheet lead used at the reservoir.

The prisoner called eight witnesses, who all gave him a very good character.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

434. WILLIAM KEATING was indicted for stealing, on the 28th July, 1791 , a wooden trunk, covered with hair, value 5 s. a diamond ring, value 20 l. and a violin, value 105 l. the goods of John Hindmarsh .


I only know of putting some few things into the trunk.

Mrs. BUNELL sworn.

I delivered the things mentioned in the indictment to the prisoner, last 28th of July was twelvemonth, between eleven and twelve o'clock. I delivered the box to him to take to the inn, to go to my son at Plymouth; he corded it: I gave him threepence to see it booked. Next morning he returned me a penny, and said he had given the trunk to the proper person, on Tuesday following I received a letter from my son, who expressed some astonishment at not receiving the trunk.


I live at No. 8, Crispin-street, Spitalfields; the prisoner lodged with me. On the 28th of July, 1791, the prisoner brought a hair-trunk into my house, about a yard long, and said it was sent him from the country; he had had a few words with his wife, and seemed afraid she would take the trunk; on the Saturday he sold his goods, and went away; the trunk he took with him. I saw him some time after in Bishopsgate-street, and he ran away from me.

The Jury retired about an hour, and returned with a verdict,


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

435. JOHN ASTON was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of July last, 560 lb. of hog's bristles, value 60 l. the property of James Smith .

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I was foreman to Mr. Smith in his manufactory, and my business is to deliver out to the men some bundles of bristles or hair; it was about a quarter before eight: six or seven bundles, what we call ten-penny hair, that he was to work up the next day; they carry home the blocks, but they never carry home the bristles; about ten minutes after I delivered these bundles, I had some suspicions from Mr. Matthews's communication, and I assisted him in searching for the hair I had given to the prisoner; we could not find it. We got a warrant next morning, and went to a house which I knew to be the prisoner's house: the constable went in; after some difficulty, I think he broke the door open; he went up stairs to the roomof the woman with whom the prisoner cohabited; she ran up stairs and fastened the door; the constable broke in and found a trunk, with hair of different sorts, and part of that which I had delivered out to the prisoner the night before. I have every reason to think it is Mr. Smith's property; there was a mahogany chest of drawers filled with hair, that was a very valuable commodity; I believe it to be Mr. Smith's property; he had not missed it; it is supposed to be of the value of 60 or 70 l. The prisoner had worked for Mr. Smith a year and an half; he said he bought it of a man who was to call again.


I met the prisoner peeping into the room which we call the boring-room; he stood at the door looking to see who was coming up; it struck me as particular; I spoke to him; he said he was going to make some number fixes; I told him to make them long ones, and left him: I enquired who made the dust-brushes; I went to see for the prisoner, and he was gone; I immediately went up stairs to see whether those hairs were there which Crawford said he had given him; I could not find them any where by diligent search: I obtained a search-warrant the next morning; I went with the constable and Crawford to a house; I never learned from the prisoner that it was his house; the constable opened the door; the prisoner cohabited with them, and looked down the staircase, and he said he wanted to speak to her; she ran up stairs and locked the door; he repeatedly asked her to open it, which she refused; he immediately broke the door open, and there was a basket covered; this basket contained the hair described to me by Crawford, which he had given to the prisoner.

Was that the bag that they usually carry the blocks home in? - It seemed to me to be of that sort.

Do you ever permit them to carry the baskets home? - By no means, but the blocks they do. After I had found the basket, I ordered them to go and secure the prisoner: I found also a basket with 3-qrs. of a hundred of hogs bristles; I have not the least doubt but they were mine; there was likewise another basket in the room with hogs bristles in it; below stairs there were three drawers full of hairs; and the fourth drawer had some in it; the value was 70 l. they all belonged to Mr. Smith, I think; but I cannot positively swear to any part: we took them to Union Hall; the magistrates returned them to us; we have had them ever since. I was before my Lord Mayor; the prisoner said then that he bought them; he could earn five and thirty shillings a week.


I apprehended the prisoner (corresponds with the last witness.


I have been two or three times with the prisoner at this house; I know it was his house.


I tied up the baskets.

(Deposed to.)


I believe this is a part of the hair I weighed in the evening of the 20th, for the prisoner; I have no doubt of it.


I bought these at Bristol myself; I can produce some more, and they cannot tell a difference.

The prisoner called seven witnesses, who gave him a very good character.


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

436. JAMES CLIFFORD was indicted for stealing, on the 6th day of July last, two silver tea spoons, value 3 s. the property of John Stillwell ,

Mrs. STILLWELL sworn.

I am wife of John Stillwell ; we keep a chandler shop and greenshop ; I lost two silver tea spoons the 6th of July; I went for a pail of water, I heard a foot in the shop, and I returned immediately, the prisoner was there, and asked how I sold my potatoes, and I immediately missed my tea spoons; I said you do not want potatoes, you are a thief, you have taken my spoons off the table; and I laid hold of him, and he got away, and I cried stop thief! he was taken; I saw the prisoner's hand in his pocket, and I picked one spoon up in the passage.


I only produce two spoons I had from the prosecutrix; I know nothing of the robbery.


I am a clerk at a banking house; I took the prisoner in Jewin-street, on the 6th of July; he threw the spoons out of his hand, one of them I picked up, and gave to the prosecutrix, the other was thrown behind some shutters, and she got it herself.

(The spoons deposed to.)


Whipped and imprisoned six Month .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

437. BODY RUSSELL was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the first of August , a silver watch, value 10 s. a steel chain, value 6 d. a cornelian stone seal, set in silver, value 6 d. a brass watch key, value 1 d. the property of William Cooper , privily from his person .


I lost a silver watch, chain, seal, and key, the first of August; on Wednesday, a little before three, I went into a public house, the Green Man, in Darkhouse lane , and got a pint of beer; I had been up all night; I had only two pints of beer and a glass of gin all day, besides that last pint; I was going to Gravesend; I fell asleep in the tap room; and when the gentlewoman of the house awaked me, she asked me, if I had not a watch, and I said yes; and I felt, and missed it; it was gone, but I do not know who took it; I run up little Thames-street, and I picked my watch out of the gutter.


I am watchman; on Wednesday morning near or about three o'clock, I heard the cry of, stop thief! and the prisoner was in possession of one Daniel Bower , I took them back to the house from whence they came, the Green Man, in Darkhouse lane, I got a light, and ran to find the watch, I found it near the corner of the lane, about sixty feet from the house; I kept it till I gave it to the constable.


I keep the Green Man, in Darkhouse lane; the prosecutor came in about twelve; I did not observe whether he was drunk, he fell asleep, and I could not awake him; the prisoner came in about two, and called for a pint of beer, he went into the box where the prosecutor was; I saw the prisoner taking some of the prosecutor's beer; and in about a quarter of an hour, I heard something chink, and the prisoner got up, and ran away very fast; I cried stop thief! and the prisoner was stopped, and brought back to my house, and the prosecutor said, he had lost his watch; he was searched, and nothing found.


I took the prisoner; he was in custody; the watch was given to me by the watch-watchman; I went with the prisoner to Mrs. Kelley's; I did not see the watch picked up, but I directed him to search for it.


I am a stone Mason; I had been down with a Gravesend-boat, the prisoner was running from Darkhouse-lane, into Thames Street, I pursued, and took him the corner of Billinsgate Market; I never lost sight of him; I was not five feet from him at all; I went back with Taylor after the watch was found to the place, which was eight or ten paces in the direction from the house, and was the place where the prisoner had passed by; he did not refuse being searched.

(The watch produced.)

Prosecutor. The maker's name is under the balance wheel; (Foodge.)

Mr. Garrow looks at the watch. - My lord, the truth is, what he calls the maker's name Foodge, is the motto tempus fugit.

The prisoner called five witnesses who gave him a very good character.

GUILTY, not privily . (Aged 16.)

Transported for seven Years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

438. THOMAS CRUMP was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the the dwelling house of Sarah Thompson , no person being therein, about the hour of five in the afternoon, of the second d y o July last, and burglariously stealing therein, twenty eight guineas, two silver table spoons, value 16 s. three silver tea spoons, value 6 s. one silver milk pot, value 15. two gowns, value 3 l. and a pair of silver tea tongs, value 6 s. her property .

The Witnesses examined separate.

(The case opened by Mr. Hosty.


I am a lodger at No. 6, Water Lane , with Mrs. Sarah Thompson , widow, the prosecutor; I found on the second of July when she was abroad, her door open, and I called some other lodgers, and I saw a drawer half open, and two drawers more put on a mahogany tea table in the room; the property was taken out of those drawers.


On the second of July I went out from my appartment, between two and three in the afternoon, I locked my door; in consequence of some information I received, I returned home; I found the door was open and three drawers which were cleared; I lost all the articles in the indictment, and a great deal more; I heard nothing till the 11th of July, the Tuesday week following, and then in consequence of what I heard, I went to take the prisoner Thomas Crump ; I went to King's Bench Walk; three or four officers went with me; I there found the prisoner; some of the duplicates of the things were found upon him.


I went to the house of the prisoner, in St. George's Fields, on Wednesday the 11th day of July, to execute a search warrant; Fisher an accomplice, and two other witnesses were there; I went in and searched a tin caddy, where I found several duplicates, but only two relating to this robbery, one for two table spoons, and one for three tea spoons, pawned for 5 s. and I found a duplicate on a girl that he kept, in his presence; in his left hand waistcoat pocket, I found these three keys, I look upon them to be false keys, one of which keys I tried to the door of Mrs. Thompson, and it opened it, I took the prisoner into custody, and lodged him in Christ-church watch-house, and from there to Union-hall, and then before an alderman; he told me if he could, he would say something relating to the robbery; I told himwe did not want to hear any thing from him.

Mr. Garrow prisoner's Counsel. Fisher was at that time in custody? - Yes.

He gave no information about this subject till he was himself in custody? - Yes.


I think I once saw the prisoner; I have the property, Mr. Eddington has the tickets, they are dated the 4th and 6th of July.

(Produced and deposed to.)

Mr. Garrow. Your's had no cypher nor crest? - No, they have been altered.


I am servant to Mr. Strangway; I produce a milk pot, and a pair of tongs, and a duplicate counterpart; I gave a duplicate to Mary M'Quire; pawned in the name of Thomas Crump ; a girl pledged them, she is out of court; her name is Mary M'Quire; they were both pawned at different times the same day.


I am a weaver; I went with the accomplice and Eddington to the prisoner's house, and found a ticket in a tea caddy, of a milk pot and a pair of tea tongs, pawned at Strangewaye's, for 5 s. on the 11th of July, in the name of Thomas Crump ; I found a false key in his pocket; Edington took two duplicates; the prisoner said when we went in, that he was a dead man, that was what he said.

Had you said any thing before he said that? - Not a word.

Mr. Garrow. Was Mr. Fisher with you? - Yes.

A pretty hard swearer? - Yes.

What was the woman's name? - I believe she goes by the name of Catherine Edwards , and I believe it to be her name; while we were there, the servant maid tore a ticket with a T upon it; I saw her tear it; and put the other part in her mouth; and we went to Strangewaye's and found the milk pot in the shop.


I am a chairwoman; I worked for the prisoner, I cannot tell the time; I was once sent by the prisoner to a pawnbroker's with two table spoons; the pawnbroker's name is Coldbatch! I asked what name, and they said any name, their name, or my own; I pawned one in the name of Mr. Crump, and the other in my own name; I pawned two table spoons for 16 s. Mrs. Crump gave me three tea spoons, he was not present; I pawned them for 5 s.

Mr. Garrow. Those spoons were in common public use in the family? - Yes.

There was a cypher upon them? - Yes; but I do not know what they were.


Mr. Garrow. Is your name Robert Cox ? - No, sir,

Did you never go by that name? - No, sir.

How long is it since you was convicted? I do not know what you mean by convicted.

Cast, my boy! - I never was cast, I never was tried by the name of Robert Cox , or William Fisher , or any other name.

Mr. Hosty. On the second of July, who was you in company with; tell your own story, I shall not ask you any questions - On Monday, the second of July, I went over Blackfriar's Bridge, to take a walk; I had been very ill; when I came over the bridge, I met with Crump, and this young man, called Carroty Bob, and they asked me to play at skettles, at Johnny Groats , for a pint of ale; I said, I would go home, they said they would accompany me part of the way, and when we came up Water Lane, Blackfriars, to this house; Carroty Bob and the prisoner went in at the door, and I said, where are you going, and Carrotty Bob replied, to get some money; then we all three went up stairs, and Crump opened the door with a key which he had, I do not know what sort of a key it was; and we all three looked in, andCarrotty Bob went in afterwards, and Crump went down into the street, and I stood on the stairs, and then Carrotty Bob brought the things out, and went Bridge Street, and took a coach, and went to Rose-street, Covent Garden; he carried the things on his shoulder to the coach in a table cloth; I believe it was Crump carried the things, and disposed of them, while Bob and me staid in the coach; we all went together from the house; while Crump was gone, Carrotty Bob pulled a horn case out of his breeches, with some money in it, and he gave me fourteen guineas, and said, take that, and say nothing to Crump; Crump brought five and twenty shillings for the things; he said he would spend the odd shilling, he treated the coachman, and then he gave me eight shillings for my share, then we took the coach over to his house in King's Bench Walk, St. George's Field, there they sold the plate; Crump said he would buy the plate for his own use, that was a milk pot, two table spoons, three tea spoons, and a pair of tea tongs; Crump gave me thirteen pence for my share of this plate, and I went away; I never saw Crump since he was in custody.

Mr. Garrow. What goal do you come from? - From the New Compter.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.

The prisoner called four witnesses, to his character.

Prosecutrix. There is a bruise in the milk pot, by which I know it, it has been in the family forty years; the spoons I have had fourteen years.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 20.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

439. ANN TAYLOR and ELIZABETH CARTER , alias TURNER was indicted for stealing, on the 30th day of August , one canvas bag, value 2 d. four guineas, one half guinea, and eight shillings in monies numbered , the property of James Oram .


I am a waggoner , and a married man ,

The prisoners picked my pocket; on the 30th of August, I went to a public house, and was returning home about a quarter past ten at night; I was as sober as I am this instant; we had only three pints between two of us; the prisoners followed me into the gateway of the King's Arms; Holborn Bridge , which is an inn for waggons, where I come to; they kept inviting me home to their lodgings: they both were together; they kept pulling up my frock, and feeling about my pockets and trying to get my purse; this was under the first gateway, and Taylor took my purse out of my pocket, I felt her take it; there were four guineas and a half and several shillings; I saw my money at the public house, and counted it; then the prisoners ran away; there was a lamp close by; I never saw them before; I laid hold of Taylor before they were out of my sight; I never got my purse again; they both continued pulling me about; Carter was stopped about a minute afterwards; I am sure it was Carter; I am sure I refused to go home with them; I could not get rid of them.

Prisoner. We know nothing of it.

The prisoner Carter called one witness to her character.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned three months .


440. JOHN WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing, on the 3d of September two pint pewter pot, value 1 s. the property of Benjamin Powers .

The pots were taken on the prisoner.

Prisoner. Necessity urged me.


Whipped , and imprisoned one Months .

Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.

441. JOHN WRAY was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of September , one pot, value 1 s. five quarts of lamp oil, value 3 s. and one wooden ladder, value 3 s. the property of George Spuer .

The prisoner was taken with the things.


Whipped , and imprisoned six Months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

442. JOHN DEAN was indicted for that he, on the 20th of June last, had in his custody a certain draught, signed R. Finman; afterwards to wit, on the 20th of June last, feloniously did make, forge, and counterfeit, and falsely and feloniously did cause, and procure to be made, forged, and counterfeited, and willingly act and assist therein, an indorcement of the said bill, in the name of the said: John Dean , to whom the said bill was to be paid, purporting to be an assignment of the said bill of Exchange; with intent to defraud the said John Dean ; against the statute .

A second count, charging it to be with intent to defraud Rowland Stephenson , and Co. against the statute.

The indictment was opened by Mr. Garrow and the case by Mr. Fielding.


Mr. Russel. Mr. Flower, I believe you lately resided at Madrass? - Yes.

Do you know yourself of his sending any bills to any relation of his in England? - Yes; I do.

To what amount? - One of five hundred pounds, and the other of two hundred.

Did you know any other? - I cannot positively say I knew of any other.

Had this Mr. Richard Dean , at Madrass, any partner? - Yes? sir, he had.

What was his name? - James Dobbin .

Did you know to whom those bills were sent in England? - Yes; John Dean , of Castle-street, Long-acre.

I believe you are personally acquainted with John Dean ? - No, Sir, I was not.

Did you know a person of the name of Finman, Lieutenant Finman ? - Yes; sir, I do.

Did you know a person of the name of Turner? - Yes; perfectly well?

Were they acquainted with this Mr. Richard Dean in the East Indies? - Yes.

Had they any dealings or transactions with him in money matters? - They had in goods.

Do you know R. Dean's hand writing? - I do.

Be so good as to tell me if that is his hand writing? - Yes; it is.

Mr. Knowles, Prisoner's Counsel. Did you ever see him write? - Yes; this is the letter of the 17th of July.

Do you know Mr. Dobbin's hand writing? - I do.

Be so good to look at that, and see whether that indorcement is his hand writing? - Yes; it is.

Have you seen him write? - I have.

Mr. Russel. Is that the Mr. Dobbin whom you just now mentioned as being partner with Mr. Richard Dean ? - It is.

Is that his hand writing? - Yes; (that is the first indorcement on the present bill.)

Before you left Madrass, had you advanced any money to Richard Dean ? - I advanced him money and goods, to the amount of one hundred pound.

By whom was that hundred pound to be repaid to you again? - By John Dean of London, whom I mentioned just now.

Did John Dean pay you that money? - he did not.

Did you apply to him on that subject? - I did.

Mr. Russell. What was the answer you received?

Mr. Morgan, another of prisoner's counsel. No; we object to that; Was it paid? - It was not paid.

In consequence of your application to John Dean , did you, or John Dean , or either of you, make any application to the Post Office? - We did; we went to the Post Office. and went to the Dead Letter Office.

I believe in consequence of your application there you saw two letter carriers, and in consequence of some information, you found out the lodging of the prisoner? - Yes; he was not at home; we waited near an hour at the next house; we first saw him go into his lodging; the letter carrier I believe spoke to him first.

Did you see the prisoner? - Yes; we did.

What passed between you and the prisoner? - He went with us to the public house, and he said your name is Flower; you are just come from abroad; I have to pay you one hundred pounds; I told him I did not come on that business, that I came for some letters and notes that he had got, that I believed did not belong to him; he said he had got them safe, and he would deliver them up.

Did he deliver them up to you? - Not directly.

Did you ever get possession of the letters and bills? - I did at his sisters.

How came you to go to his sisters? - he gave me the direction; first of all he went with us in a coach.

Was the sister then at home? - She was not.

Did you go again afterwards? - We came back to his lodgings and found her there; I asked her for the letters and notes; she said she had got them safe and wanted to know who was to pay her for her trouble, she had been getting them accepted; Dean and me went back with her to the house, and she went up stairs while we stayed in the parlour, and brought down a little basket with some bills.

Look at these letters and papers and see whether they are the letters and papers that were delivered to you by the sister.

(Gives him a parcel of letters and bills.) - Yes.

To whom did you deliver these letters and papers? - To Mr. John Dean , he delivered them to Mr. Justice Bond.

Do you recollect this gentleman? (the secretary of the Post Office) - Yes; I believe John Dean gave them to Mr. Parkins; the original note of two hundred pounds was not there, but there was a copy of it.

Look at that, and see if that is the copy? - No it is not; I embarked on the 18th of January, 1792, for England.

Mr. Russel. How long before that was it that you saw these bills sent by John Dean to his brother Mr. Richard Dean ? - I cannot recollect; about seven or eight months before.

Mr. Morgan. I believe the notes that you alluded to, that had been sent to England, was the five hundred and two hundred, not the fifty? - Yes.

Pray, sir, did you know Mr. Lewis Dean , while he was in the East Indies? - I did not know him.

Did you know any of the name of Dean? - I only knew that Richard Dean .


Mr. Garrow. You are a letter carrier in the General Post Office? - Yes; in December of that year, and about a week in January this year, I delivered a letter in Castle-street, Long-acre.

Look upon this letter, upon which there is some memorandum of your own, and tell me whether that came to your hands in December last? - It came, I think, the last day of December, or thereabouts; (that is the letter of the 17th of July, 1791.)

Did you, in the course of your duty, carry that to the house of Joseph Sayres , a shoe maker, No. 9, Castle-street? - Yes.

To whom did you purpose to deliver it there? - To Mr. John Dean , as directed; John Dean , that lodged there.

What John Dean that lodged there? - The prisoner.

Then you carried it there, expecting itwas for the prisoner who had lodged there? - Yes.

Did you find the prisoner there, or had he left Sayers? - He had left Sayers, I had a direction to Short's-gardens, but I did not find him there; I carried the letter to the Dead Letter Office.

Before you returned it, had the letter been opened by any body? - Yes.

Where was the letter opened, before it was carried to the Dead Letter Office? - by Mr. Doe, in my presence; he had a son coming from the East Indies, and he expected it might be a mistake; he opened it in my presence; he looked at the top of the letter, which said, dear brother, he immediately said that was not for him, and returned it; it contained two bills; one of two hundred, on a ship-builder at Blackwall, whose name I believe was Perry; the other was a fifty pound, I do not recollect the name.

Now upon receiving this letter, with these contents, from Doe, what did you do with it? - I kept it several months, and called several times afterwards, and returned it to the office.

Did you return it with the inclosure which you originally had it in? - Yes.

Can you fix the time of the return to the Dead Letter Office? - We generally return them in two months.

What do you do with them in the mean time? - We keep them in the office, in a drawer till the day of returning.

Is there a drawer to each carrier? - Yes; every letter carrier returns his letter, and I kept them in my drawer till the time came, they remained therefore under my own care, till delivered some time the latter end of April, or beginning of May; I met the prisoner in Lombard-street; I was delivering my letters, that was my district; Mr. Dean asked me for such letter he asked me if I had not returned a letter; containing two hundred and fifty pounds, directed to John Dean , No. 9, Castle-street; I think he said, he expected it from the Indies; I told him that I did recollect such a letter, and that it was returned to the Dead Letter Office; and I said the best way will be for you, Mr. Dean, to come to the office the next morning; accordingly the next morning I went there, and found it was not open; I went to Mr. Barlow; and he produced a letter containing the two bills for two hundred and fifty pounds; he opened and looked at them; and then I carried the letters; inclosing the bills to the prisoner; I delivered him the letter opened, with two bills, and in his pocket, as he opened it, there appeared to be another letter in the same writing.

Did you afterwards, in consequence of some suspicion, go with Mr. Flower to the prisoner's lodgings? - When I came in, I said to the prisoner, Sir, did not I deliver to you a letter containing two bills for two hundred and fifty pound, and he said I did; Mr. Dean and Mr. Flower said they wanted their property, and as it was not his, he had better deliver it up, and they should carry it no further; and they ageed to go to the public house, but instead of that we agreed to go to Bow-street.

Mr. Knowles. He made no secret of this, where he lived? - Not that I know of.


I have been a letter carrier in Castle-street, Long-acre, upwards of six months.

Mr. Fielding. Do you remember having a letter to deliver in Castle-street, No. 9, to Mr. Dean? - Yes, I recollect it perfectly well.

Do you recollect the time? - I cannot say the time exactly.

As near as you can? - I believe the first of my having a letter might be the beginning of March.

Where did you apply? - In Castle-street, No. 9.

Who then kept the house? - He was a shoe-maker; I believe the name was Chairs; I kept the letter for some time by me; I had two letters; the first time I ever saw the prisoner was in the Post Office Yard; I cannot ascertain the time.

As nearly as you can guess tell me where it was? - In the Post-office yard.

What passed between you? - Nothing between him and me.

What became of the two letters which you had? - The prisoner met me when I was ringing our bell, in the Seven Dials; that was after I had seen him in the Post-office yard, but I cannot say how long; he asked me if I had any letters for John Dean , I told him I had; he asked me if I would deliver them to him; I told him I had two, but they were at the Post-office; it was of a Saturday night, and he said he should wish to have them if I had not got them by me: then, said he, if you will meet me at the New Turnstile, Holborn, between six and seven o'clock; I told him he might enquire for me at the Lamb, and he said he would meet me there; it was in the spring of the year; it might be in the beginning of May, I cannot say; he met me again at a barber's, an acquaintance of his; he was not there just when I went, and so I went to my brother-in-law; I did not see him that evening; I took them to Mr. Chaddick, a brother-in-law, a hair dresser, and left them at his house.

Look at that letter? - That is one of the letters that I left at Chaddick's, for Dean, the prisoner.

Look at that? - This I do not know any thing of.

Look at the date of that? - It is January the 31st, but I do not recollect.

Was you the letter carrier at that time? - Yes, I was.

Was it your duty to receive those letters and carry them to the place of destination? - Sometimes they are delivered by the penny-post; this has no penny-post mark upon it.

It was your common duty to have delivered it? - If it came to my hands it was my duty to deliver it; if I had it not, I could not deliver it.

Did you see Dean after this time that you left the letter at Chaddick's? - I never saw him till he was taken up.

Do you remember the application of Flower and the other Mr. Dean to you? - Yes.

Did you go with them to the lodging of the prisoner? - Not into the house, but I was there at the same time.

Who had the first opportunity to speaking to or saying any thing to the prisoner? - I believe Flower and Dean before me, I was out of the room, I went to look to see if I could see him any where.

Did you yourself hold any conversation with him at all on this occasion? - After he came in I asked him if he recollected receiving this letter from the hair dresser in the New Turnstile, and he said he recollected it perfectly well; I asked him if Daniel, the letter-carrier, had delivered him a letter, and he acknowledged he had.

Carry yourself back to the Post-office, where you saw Daniel giving him the letter? - Upon my word I cannot ascertain the time exactly, for there is so many circumstances of that kind, it is impossible for any man to charge his memory with it.

Mr. CAMPBELL sworn.

Mr. Fielding. You are acquainted with Mr. R. Dean, in India? - I am.

Did you bring any letter from him? - I arrived here the 25th of January, and left Madrass the 21st of September last.

What time did you receive any letter from Mr. Richard Dean in India, before you left the country? - About the 19th I received a letter from Mr. Richard Dean , to carry to England, this is the cover of the letter I received from Mr. Richard Dean , and brought it to England; I brought it to town about the 30th of January; I left them with Mrs. Campbell to put into the Post-office, as I was ordered down again.

(The letter read, addressed to Mr. John Dean , Castle-street, Long-acre, London, per favour of Mr. Campbell.)

"My dear brother, I am happy to have

"this opportunity of writing to you, hoping

"the following lines will find you all well as" I am at present; thank God, I enjoy a

"very good state of health; I have never

"been so well since I have been in this

"country as I am at present, in short, I

"never was better in my life. I live very

"comfortable, and have every thing in

"my command that a man can wish for in

"a distant country. The gentleman that

"brings you this will inform you how I

"am going on; at present I hope I shall be

"able to bring my next letter myself with

"me: my dear brother, I wish very much

"to see you all once more in London, I

"wrote you by the Leopard man of war,

"and inclosed you two orders to the amount

"of 250 l. which I hope you have received;

"I have sent you by the Swallow packet an

"order for 500 l. on Sir Edward Hughes ,

"Portland-place, which I hope you will

"receive safe; if you have not received it

"before, you will go to the India House and

"enquire for a letter directed to you; the

"reason I did not enclose it in this letter

"was for fear any thing should happen to

"the person who brings this on his passage:

"if the order is not honoured, protest it, and

"send it back the first opportunity. Remember

"me to your wife and all my

"sisters, and Mr. and Mrs. Harms, and all

"friends, not forgetting Mr. and Mrs.


Mr. Fielding. You see, gentlemen, it mentions his having written a letter which had not come to their hands at that time.

(Another letter read, addressed to Mr. John Dean , Castle-street, Long-acre, London.)

"Dear brother, the inclosed is the bill

"I mentioned in my letter sent by Mr.

"Campbell, which I hope will be honoured,

"if not send it back the first opportunity;

"love to all, and I am your affectionate



"Madrass, the 17th of April 1791.

"Camp, September 6th, 1791.

"Sir, thirty days after sight please " to pay to Mr. John Dobbins or

"order, the sum of five hundred

"pounds sterling, this my first bill of

"exchange, the second and third not

"being paid, and place it to the account

"of of, sir, your most obedient humble


"WM. WALTER, Lieut. 52d Reg.

" Sir Edward Hughes , K. B.

"Portland-place, London.

"Please to pay the contents to Mr. John

"Dean, or his order. John Dobbins .

"Camp near Bangalore, Sept. 12th, 1791."

"Camp, September 6th, 1791. Dear

"sir, I have this day drawn on you, in favour

"of Mr. Dobbins, to the amount of 500 l.

"sterling, at thirty days sight, which bill

"I beg you will duly honour. I am, dear.

"sir, your most obedient humble servant,

"WM. WALTER, Lieut. 52d Reg.

"Mr. John Dean , Castle-street, Long-acre,

"London. Dear brother, I am this

"instant returned from the country, and

"was exceedingly happy to find your two

"last letters, wherein you say you are all

"well; you seem to think that I have forgot

"you, but believe me, my dear brother,

"you are never absent from my mind; the

"reason I did not write by the two last

"ships was on account of my being in

"camp when they sailed, and it is very

"lucky my returning this morning, as the

"ship will sail by twelve, so you must excuse

"the news of Tippoo's army. I inclose

"you a bill for 200 l. on Mr. Parry,

"a boat-builder, at Blackwall, and another

"on Mr. Read, in Throgmorton-street;

"if they are paid you will put the money

"out at interest, and act as you think proper

"with it, unless you think you can

"make good use of it in trade, I beg you

"will; I must leave off, as the Post-office

"is in the fort. Give my love to your

"wife and all sisters, and enquiring friends.

"I am sorry I cannot give you any account

"of Mr. Lockitt, he has not been here these

"two years. God bless you, is the wish

"of your loving brother Richard Dean


" P. S. I hope to see you in less than

"eighteen months: if the bills are not paid,

"must wait the first opportunity.

"R. D.

"If they are paid, do not forget my

"sister Harms."

Mr. Morgan. Did you know any other person of the name of Dean there besides the Dean you are now speaking of? - No.


I live at No. 9, Castle-street, Long-acre; I am a shoemaker.

Did the prisoner at the bar at any time and when lodge with you? - He came to me the 17th of July 1790.

How long did he continue to lodge with you? - Three weeks and one day, he went away on the 8th of August in the same year.

After he was gone did any letter carriers call to leave any letters there for John Dean ? - Yes, after he was gone I gave information to him, and he came after he had got the letters and thanked me for them; the first time the post man came it was the latter end of November or very early in December.

When did the letters come? - Why they came in about three weeks afterwards sooner or later I cannot say.

Mr. Knowlys. This was the only John Dean you knew in the street? - Yes, sir, there is the name of Dean on another door in the street, at No. 8.

(Robert Withey called, but before he was sworn, Mr. Morgan objected to his being examined as not being competent, being a subsequent indorser of the bill to John Dean , and consequently if the indorsement made by John Dean is rendered invalid, Mr. Withey, as the indorser, will be responsible to the present holder of the bill.)

Mr. Fielding answered the objection. Mr. Russel and Mr. Garrow spoke on the occasion: the objection was overruled by the court.

Mr. WITHEY sworn.

Mr. Garrow. What are you by profession? - A stock broker

Residing I believe in George-street, York-buildings? - Yes.

When did you first become acquainted with the prisoner, Mr. Dean? - I believe it is between twenty-two and twenty-three years ago.

You have no acquaintance with the other Deans? - No.

When did he first apply to you on the subject of any East India securities? - I believe about three or four months ago; he applied to me, and said as I was an old acquaintance, and that he was in a very indigent situation, but had relations in India from whom he had long expected assistance, and now they had sent it to him; he then wished for my assistance, to get a bill drawn on Sir Edward Hughes to be accepted; that he had been himself several times, but supposed that from his indigent appearance he could not get admission into the house; seeing his appearance both infirm and indigent, I could not avoid to do it, though I could not recollect any knowledge of him, nor did I need it? I got a friend that lives in the family to take a bill to Sir Edward Hughes , I received a bill of him from Sir Edward Hughes , with a letter of advice.

It is a part of your profession to do these things? - By no means, it is the part of a notary publick.

How long have you discontinued that? - What.

Receiving money on securities? negociating and getting bills discounted and presented? - We may understand our own professions best perhaps.

On that account it is, Sir, that I ask for information? - The bill was brought back to me unaccepted; the prisoner called for it some time after.

About what time was that return of the 500 l. bill? - I do not know, I cannot recollect exactly the time, about three or four months ago; I returned the letter of adviceand the bill both together, that was the only thing that I doubted of the goodness of them by being both on one quarter of a sheet of paper. The next transaction was after I had returned it about a week or ten days after he came to me again; he offered me any pecuniary reward for what I had done, I told him that was not my motive, nor did I chuse to accept it; he came again and said he had got some more remittances; came and shewed me copies of the two bills now in question, for the sum of 800 l. and 50 l. not the originals; he desired my assistance to get them accepted as I understood, but I found otherwise afterwards. He met me by appointment, and desired me to go with him to Mr. Reads; Mr. Read had an objection to give him the bill, not believing him to be the person that the bill should come to, from his appearance, and from his appearance only; that he said in the presence of the prisoner, that till somebody came that knew him he did not chuse to give up the bill; I told him he need be under no apprehension, I knew him to be John Dean ; that I had known him many years, and had letters to shew he was the person, upon which he pulled out several letters to the gentleman, on which Mr. Read, or whoever it was, gave him the bill directly accepted; from that moment he gave it entirely to my directions; he said he was drawn upon for 10 l. and a few guineas, and that there was another hundred pounds drawn upon him and that that would not become due for some time; that he said was from the East India company; I told him he might have what money he would upon it, but he did not chuse to have any more; and I took him to Mr. Batson's the bankers, and recommended him to open an account, and recommended them to discount him the 50 l. bill and take the discount. I had nothing to do with it.

Before you went to Batson's had any indorsement been put upon it in your presence? - Yes, Sir, at Batson's coffee-house; it was indorsed by the prisoner at Baker's coffee-house; he did not know that it was necessary; I told him it was necessary to put his name upon it, and they gave him an recountable receipt likewise for the two hundred pound bill.

Then your credit was not interposed between him and the banker? - No.

Is that his indorsement? - Yes.

Your indorsement was put on in the banking house? - One of the people of the Office, whom I do not know, said, Mr. Withey, you may as well put your name upon it, which I did.


Camp before Bangalore, 20th March, 1791.

"Two months after sight, pay to James

"Dobbin, or order, the sum of fifty

"pounds sterling, value received, and

"place the same to my account, as advised

"by your obedient servant, R. Finnian,

"lieutenant of the 32d regiment, Thomas

"Read, Esq. Merchant, Throgmorton

"Street, London."

"Sir, please to pay the within contents

"to Mr. John Dean , or his order,

J. Dobbin."

"Madrass, July 16, 1791."


I am a merchant, in Throgmorton-street; I know Mr. R. Finnian, an acquaintance of mine; he is an officer serving in the 32d regiment, this is his hand writing.

Did you ever see him write? - Yes.


I believe you are clerk in the house of Batson and company, bankers? - Yes.

Did you discount the bill of fifty pounds, and receive the bill of two hundred pounds from the prisoner? - We did; we discounted the fifty pounds, and I gave an accountable receipt to Mr. John Dean for the other?

Is that the receipt of which you speak? (shewing him a receipt) - Yes.

And that I believe is the bill? (shewing him a bill) - Yes.

Who are the partners in the house of Batson and Company? - Rowland Stephenson , Edward David Batson , EdwardStephenson, John Grave and Robert Glover .


I live at Blackwall.

Was that note tendered to you for acceptance? - Yes, sir, it was?

Do you know the drawer? - I did know him, he is unfortunately dead.

JOHN DEAN sworn.

Mr. Garrow. You are by business a taylor; and used formerly to live in Castle-street, Long-acre, and now live in David Street, Mary-le-bone? - Yes.

Have you a brother in India of the name of Richard Dean ? - Yes.

What part of India? - At Madrass.

When did he go to Madrass? - He went out from London in the year 1786.

Since he went there have you received any letter from him, and carried on any correspondence with him? - Yes; I have them in my pocket.

When did you last receive any letter from him? - In the year 1789.

Then for the last two or three years you have not received any? - No; nor any remittance from him.

I believe you was applied to by Mr. Flowers to pay a bill drawn by your brother for a hundred pound? - I was.

You refused to pay it? - Yes, sir.

When was it? - Last June.

Had you received either any advice from your brother of such a draft, or any cash, or effects to answer it? - No, sir.

Do you live at No. 9? - I lived at No. 8.

You went since this discovery with Mr. Flower to the prisoner? - Yes.

Did you receive from any body by his directions, any letter of your brother Richard's? - From the prisoner's sister, by his directions; I have looked at them, and they are my brother's hand writing.

Had these letters or their contents ever reached your hand, till they were delivered by the prisoner's sister? - Never.

Have you any recollection of the name of Hanns? - Yes; sir, he was my brother-in-law.

Have you any doubt but that these letters were intended for you? - No; from the hand writing and other circumstances.

I need hardly ask you whether the prisoner at the bar is brother to your brother who is at Madrass? - No; I never saw him till about the letter.


John Dean the taylor was your tenant? - Yes.

Do you know any thing of the prisoner? - No; I never saw him, but at Bow Street; John Dean lived at No. 8, Castle Street, Long-acre, I knew his brother Richard very well; I am quite unacquainted with the other end of the street, he lived there, I think, from the year 1790 till lately.


I married a sister of Richard Dean 's; he is at Madrass; I married from there.

Mr. Fielding. Gentlemen, this is one of the five letters he got from the sister.


"My dear brother,

"I am happy to have this opportunity

"to writ to you, to inform you that I am

"well; I hope you and all friends are the

"same; the packet arrived here a few

"days back, from England, and I was very

"much disappointed at not receiving a letter

"from you by the Leopard and swallow;

"and if any of those bills are not accepted

"and protested, send them to me as soon

"as possible; I have drawn on you for

"one hundred pound, payable to Mr.

" James Flowers ; Mr. Flowers will be

"in London soon after you receive this;

"he is a friend of mine, and I trust you

"will receive him as such; I hope to be

"able by the latter end of the year to send

"you five hundred pound more: I would

"send you the news of the war about

"Tippo, but Flowers will tell you better;

"wishing you, and all my sisters, and all" good friends a happy new year, with

"many happy returns, I am, dear brother,

"your affectionate brother Richard


(Another letter read, dated January 27, 1792.)

"Dear brother,

"I have drawn on you again for ten

"pound, and hope you will pay the

"bearer as soon as presented; it is for a

"friend of mine, who has no other way to

"send home a trifle to his friend; I wrote

"to you bp the Phoenix Indiaman, with

"letters, and hope you have received

"them; pray give my love to all friends;

"and believe me to be your affectionate


Richard Dean ."

Prisoner. My lord, my father John Dean , the governor of Bengal, on the coast, left several natural children, some were formerly in the East India service, there was something for them; I applied to Batson's coffee-house for something; I was informed it was from abroad; I waited with much suspicion, I imagined that these letters were intended for me; both my uncle and father left several children; I did expect those were the letters intended for me; the way I came by the letters was by the people informing me there were several letters for me from abroad, that were of consequence; the people gave me the direction, and came after me from place to place, to hunt after me; please to let the witness be called that first informed me of the letters:

No witnesses appeared.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 58.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

443. ISAAC MOORE was indicted for that on the 28th of June , two certain letters then lately before sent, from William Collier , by the post from Silsoa, then containing therein, a certain bank note, No. 1967, London, 9th February, 1792; for the sum of 10 l. had come to his hand and possession as a letter carrier , to be by him carried to Charlton-street, to Charles Quin , and there delivered; and that he on the same day, having the said letter in his possession feloniously did secret the said letter, then and there containing the said bank note, the property of the said William Collier , and the sum of ten pounds payable and secured thereby, unsatisfied to him, against the statute .

A second count, charging the prisoner in like manner, only calling them packets.

A third count, laying it to be the property of Charles Quin .

And four other counts, only mentioning it to be two letters and two packets.

The indictment opened by Mr. Garrow, and the case by Mr. Fielding.


I live at Pullock's Hill, in Bedfordshire; I sent my letters by Silsoa, which is the nearest post town; on the 21st of June, I sent the halves of sixty pounds in bank notes, four tens and a twenty, the letter was directed to Charles Quin , No. 19, Charlton-street, Mary-le-bone, I took the numbers and dates of them all; 1967, 9th February, 1792, that is the note; I delivered the letter to my servant, William Burridge , to be carried to the post office in Silsoa; there were two other letters went with them, to those two letters I have the answers in my pocket; on the next day I sent the other two halves by the same person as before.

(The note shewn him.)

This is one of the notes I sent.


I am servant to Mr. Collier; on the 21st of June last, I received three letters from my master, to put into the post at Silsoa; I put them in in time, the next day I receivedone letter which I carried also and put into the post office.


I am post-master of Silsoa; I remember making up the bag, on the 21st and 22d of June; I delivered them to my man John Smart .

Mr. Knowlys, prisoner's counsel. You keep a public house? - Yes; an inn; the box is in the common passage; sometimes the head waiter is the carrier of them, and I have intrusted them to my daughter, but not on that day.

Mr. Knowlys, to Carter. Did you seal the Silsoa bag? - No.

How old is you daughter? - Thirteen years; Luton is the next post town.


I carry the bags from Silsoa to Luton, I delivered them there to the post office, I delivered up the bags as I found them; we took a little bag at Barton, at a public house there; the bag is only fastened by a band round it.


I am post-master of Luton.

On the nights of the 21st and 22d of June last, did you receive the bags from Silsoa? - Yes.

Did you do any thing to the letters that came in the Silsoa bags? - Marked them; I sealed the Luton bag, and delivered it to Samuel Smith , to carry it to St. Alban's nobody assists me in marking them; sometimes the boy who carries the mail is present, and sometimes my servant; that night I delivered them to Samuel Smith myself.


I received them from Mr. Williamson on the nights of the 21st and 22d the Luton bags; I conveyed them myself to the Post Office at St. Alban's; I delivered them safely; I stopped at the Swan, Market Street, to take in a separate bag.


I am employed in the General Post Office, in London; it is my duty to receive the letters which come from St. Alban's.

The 22d and 23d of July last did you receive any letters from St. Alban's? - Yes; letters in the Luton bag, which came from St. Alban's.


I am inspector of the carriers, at the General Post Office; on the 22d and 23d of July, the prisoner was a letter carrier; Charlton-street, Mary-le-bone, was in his district; the letters belonging to that belonged to him to deliver.

Mr. Knowlys. It is in the power of the sorters to conceal a letter undoubtedly? - Yes.


On the 22d and 23d of July last, I lived at No. 19, Charlton-street, Mary-le-bone.

Did you on either of those days receive any letter from Mr. Collier? - No.

Nor any letter from Mr. Collier, containing any bank notes, or halves of bank notes at any time? - No.


I believe you went in consequence of a hand bill, in search of the prisoner? - On Saturday the 18th of July, by the directions of the solicitor of the Post Office, I and Mr. Ferguson went to Hatfield after the prisoner, who was gone to see his wife, who lives at Lady Salisbury's, I went to the house, he was not there, we waited a considerable time, and in the evening, near dusk, I apprehended him, and took him to Lord Salisbury's Arms, at Hatfield, and searched him, and in his breeches pocket, I found two duplicates, one of which was a duplicate of a great coat, pawned by the prisoner at one Clarke's, a pawnbroker; we staid till morning, at four in the morning we came to town; the prisoner wascommitted; this is the duplicate brought out of the pawnbroker's.

Mr. Knowlys. Did the prisoner in all his conduct attempt to evade your apprehension of him? - Not at all.

Was not he ready to give himself up? - Certainly.


In July last I was a servant to Mr. Clarke, in Ryder's Court, Leicester Fields, a pawnbroker; the prisoner many times and for two years pledged things there; I know him perfectly well; on the 2d of July, he pledged a great coat; it is my writing; this is the duplicate for it.

(The great coat produced and deposed to, having silk lining to the sleeves, very singular.)

Mr. Knowlys. Foreigners pledge great coats with you that have coloured silk sleeve linings? - Yes; I have seen such.


I am a shopman to Mr. Brown, salesman in Monmouth-street; I remember selling this great coat on the 23d of June, at half after nine; I either sold it to the prisoner, or a man very much like him; to the best of my knowledge it was him.

In what way did he pay you? - By a ten pound note, in two halves joined together; I applied to a neighbour, to give me change for it, his name is Gabb; I hesitated a little at first; he told me if I did not like that he would give me another; and he shewed me another, which was cut likewise; I went to a neighbour to ask their opinion of it, whether it was good; he said he had received two or three, or three or four, but they were all cut, and came from the country, in the morning of that day in a letter.

Mr. Knowlys. This was half past nine at night? - Yes; the evening was shut in, it rained; I understood that the party I sold it to (as he told me) was going to Salisbury that evening, and if it was not ten o'clock, he should be time enough for the coach.


I live the corner of Monmouth-street; I know the last witness, servant to Mr. Brown; I remember giving him cash for a ten pound bank note, which had been cut; I really do not recollect the day; after I had kept it about a fortnight, I paid it to Mr. Darwin.


I received a ten pound bank note from Mr. William Gabb, which had been cut; I paid it the same day to Mr. Daniel Titterton ; he asked me who I received it from, I told him Gabb and Co. and I saw him write it in my presence (this is the note.)


I am clerk to Mr. Handwick and Co. I remember this ten pound note; I received this ten pound bank note, from Mr. John Darwin ; he told me he received it from Gabb and Co. in consequence of that, I wrote Gabb and Co. 5 July, 1792.


I am one of the cashiers of the bank of England; this is my signature, I signed this for the governor and Co. of the bank of England.

Was that unpaid on the 23d of June? - It was.


"No. 1967. I promise to pay to Mr.

" Abraham Newland , or bearer, on demand,

"the sum of ten pounds. London,

"the 9th day of February, 1792; for the

"governor and company of the bank of

"England. Gyles Collins; M. Fell,

"entered, J. Petre."

N. B. Mr. Fielding in his opening, having observed, that there was a singularity in the act of parliament in this case; the preamble says; Whereas, it is of the utmost import to the trade and commerce ofthis kingdom &c. and then it says, if any person employed, shall secret any letter or letters containing a bank note - this must, as he contended, refer to the division of them; and that here was a bank note sent in letters.

Mr. Knowlys observed, that if the case was meant to be reserved for the opinion of the judges, he wished to be heard when they met for judgment, instead of the present time.

Mr. Baron Hotham observed, that it was the opinion of his brother Gould and himself, that it was very necessary it should be reserved, as it was a case of the first impression; and

Mr. Justice Gould said, he should not take upon himself to give an opinon then.

Prisoner. I have nothing to say, more than to declare my innocence of having bought the coat in Monmouth-street; I bought the coat in Gerrard-street, of a person that was going to sell it to two jews; he offered it for twelve shillings; I offered him eleven shillings; it appeared to be a coat that nearly fitted me; and being in want of money sometime after that, I pledged it at Mr. Clarke's for five shillings; I know nothing about any person in Monmouth-street; I never bought any coat there; and I never changed a bank note in my life.

The prisoner called fourteen witnesses, who gave him an excellent character.

The jury retired for a short time, and returned with a verdict,

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 39.)

(The case reserved.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. BARON HOTHAM .

444. JAMES WELCH and MARY REDMON were indicted for putting off a base shilling , on the 10th day of September .

Second count, only varying the terms of the indictment.


I live with my grandfather; on Monday the 10th of September; I was coming out of the house, and I saw the two prisoners at the door, she went in, and called for a glass of gin, she tendered a shilling, I gave it a nick, and gave it to my grandfather, who put it into his pocket, and gave her eleven pence, sixpence and five pennyworth of halfpence; she went out across the way to the man, then I went to Barbican; on my return, I found them sitting on a log of wood at the door; I went in, and my sister gave me a shilling, and said, the man at the door gave me this shilling, I discovered it to be bad, and compared it with the one the woman had given me; then he came in, and asked for his change; I told him it was a bad one, and he changed it; then I put the first shilling on the gin cask head, and I followed them to Mr. Matthews's, and the woman went in; I went for a constable, and when I came back the woman came out, and then went a few doors further, and went into the wine vaults; then the constable went in and found the woman with a bad shilling in her hand, and he locked her up, then he went to the man and searched him, and found four bad shillings on him.


My grandfather keeps the sign of the Hind; I know the man at the bar, he came to our house and called for a glass of ale; he gave me a shilling, I gave that shilling to my brother.


I keep a public house; I remember the man and woman coming to my house; the woman asked for a glass of gin, and tendered a shilling; I said it was a bad one, and desired her to give me another; the man said he had halfpence; he drank the gin and paid one penny.


I keep the wine vaults in Barbican; she called for a glass of carraway; he was jingling a shilling on the counter; I said, that is a bad one, then he said, you must leave the shilling till you come this way, and bring five farthings for your liquor; she came back in a few minutes, and brought a penny, both bad halfpence; I refused the halfpence, and told her it came to five farthings, then she pulled out another farthing, and as soon as she had got the shilling, in came the constable and seized her, and found the shilling in her hand.


I searched the prisoners; I found one shilling on the woman, in her hand; in his left hand was four bad shillings; in his right hand there was one shilling, and in a bag there were twenty-four shillings and sixpence, among which was a crown piece; here are the four shillings found in his left hand, and the single shilling found in his right hand.


All the loose silver found are all bad, the silver in the bag is all good, the half are of the common run.

Prisoner Welch. I received the money for oysters, at Bartholomew-fair.



To be each imprisoned for one year , and find security for two years more .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

445. CHARLES KINLEY was indicted for uttering a base shilling , on the 17th of July .

A second count, for having in his possession one other base shilling.


In the evening of the 17th, the prisoner came into my shop, and asked for half a pound of soap; he threw down a shilling, and my wife said, beware of the silver, for that man has been here this morning offering bad money; I reproved him, and told him to go away; I suspected him, and followed him to Ayres's shop, and there he threw down a different shilling to that which he had tendered to me; this exasperated me, and I desired Kendal to be careful of what silver he took of that man.


I live with Mr. Ayres; the prisoner asked me for half a pound of candles, and threw down a bad shilling; Mr. Thomas came in, and I told the prisoner it was a bad one; I saw the four shillings and eight sixpences taken from the prisoner.


I have had this bad shilling ever since the 17th of July.


They are all bad.


To be imprisoned one year , and find security for two years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

446. JOHN MOSS was indicted for wilful and corupt perjury .

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)


I am clerk in the office; I have the original writ of capias against the defendant.

(Produces the capias.)


I am turnkey of the county goal of Surry; on the 15th of June, Joseph Dight was in my custody; he came in the 15th; he was arrested the 15th; he was not in custody on the Friday the 8th.


I am clerk to Mr. Justice Ashurst; I look at this signature, it is his.


On Tuesday, the 19th I was attorney for the plaintiff; Jolly against Dight; I saw the present prisoner, he was the person that produce the affidavit; he came forward and acknowledged that his name was Moss, the deponant in that affidavit; I knew my cliant had no such place of abode, as described in this affidavit.

(The affidavit read.)

My client lives at No. 5, Vere Street, Clare Market, and not at Walworth.


I was the plaintiff in that suit.

Did you in the course of the present year live at Walworth? - No, never in my life.

Did you either at your dwelling house in Walworth, or at any other place, ever receive that notice or copy of one? - No, sir, I never received any notice.


I was servant to Mr. Jolly.

On the eighth of June did he reside atWalworth, or any time about that time? - No, sir.

Did you at any time at his dwelling house, receive any such notice as and for him? - No, sir.

You are quite sure he resided in Vere Street, during that time? - Yes.

Mr. Peatt, prisoner's counsel addressed the jury in his behalf.


Was you present at any time, and where, at a conversation that passed respecting the service of a notice on the plaintiff Jolly, in the original act in the Court of King's Beach? - Yes, sir, it was in Fleet-street; upon my word I cannot tell the day and month, it was at a public house by Temple-bar, I do not know the sign of it; I believe it was about July, but I cannot take upon me to say; it was this prisoner at the bar; I knew him for some years prior to this; I do not believe I have been at the public house four times in my life.

How many times? - Once or twice; it is up a passage by Temple Bar, not Bell Yard, nor Shire Lane; I believe it is the Star, I cannot tell who keeps it; I believe it was the latter end of July, or thereabout.

You are coming to swear to a conversation, when you do not know the month, when you do not know the place, and yet your memory is so very accurate as to recollect the conversation; you shall go on, but it is at your own peril, that is all.

Mr. Peatt. State the substance of this conversation, and the very words as you can state them? - I will; that man came and spoke to me and said, he had a notice to go to serve; the prisoner belonged to the Post Office; some years back he used to carry letters about; I am a shoe-maker; I never bailed three people in my life; I do not believe I bailed four people.

Where do you live? - In Three Manner Court, Fore Street, No. 1 and 2; I have two houses there; I am landlord of the houses; I have lived there between six and seven years.

Do you mean the last six or seven years? - Yes.

Did you never swear that you lived in Fleet Street, when you made an affidavit in the Court of King's Bench? - Never in my life.

Nor in the neighbourhood of Fleet Street? - Never.

The prisoner called three more witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY . (Aged 62.)

Imprisoned two years

Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

John Fitzgerald , Mary Smith , to be imprisoned six months.

Andrew Davis , James Carroll , Lawrence King , Maria Smith , John Stonehouse , William Smith , to be transported for their natural lives.

John Davis , William Williams , William Perry , John Clewes , to be transported for fourteen years.

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to pass Sentance, as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 12, viz.

Allkin James - 396

Burgess Mary - 377

Cook John - 394

Cook Thomas - ib.

Dean John - 442

Kirk Thomas - 371

Stainforth Richard - 405

Smith John, alias Ireson - 362

Styx Thomas, alias Wood - 395

Crump Thomas - 438

Waine William - 385

Wallis Robert - 371

Transported for Fourteen Years, 1, viz.

Elizabeth Harrison - 414

Transported for Seven Years, 32, viz.

Absolom John - 361

Aston John - 435

Burford Joseph - 388

Cobb Robert - 383

Davy John - 427

Denman William - 399

Gaitskill John - 389

Harris Mary - 403

Harrison Mary - 414

Henderson Kendrick - 370

Hinton William - 374

Homes John - 424

Hughes James - 421

Jones George - 366

Jones Sarah - 397

Junep Daniel - 425

Keating William - 434

Kelly William - 390

Legaty Daniel - 429

Lyons William - 404

Martin Philip - 363

Marshall Margaret - 391

Moore George - 425

Newton Joseph - 369

Russel Body - 437

Rolfe Jemima - 402

Soames William - 400

Simpson John - 427

Stark Samuel - 398

Shudley John - 420

Spudy Louisa - 408

Willett Charles - 374

To be imprisoned Two Years, 1, viz.

John Moss

To be imprisoned Twelve Months.

James Welch , Mary Redman , Charles Henley (to find security for two years each.)

William Blayland (whipped)

Elizabeth Humbles (fined 1 s.

To be imprisoned Six Months, viz.

Mary Miller , Benjamin Sweet , Thomas Cooper, Thomas Long , Edward Wright; Joseph Burnett (whipped) Thomas Smith (fined 1 s.) James Clifford (whipped) Anthony Clerisby (whipped) James Williamson (whipped) John Wray (whipped) William Hoy (whipped) Francis Ayres , Robert Armstrong , Elizabeth Brown , John Buckle , Eleanor Cage (each fined 1 s.) Frederick Rose , James Morris , William Tennant , Rich. Comsby, John Hilton , Elizabeth Fowler , James Flower , Ann Wheeler .

To be imprisoned Three Months, viz.

Ann Taylor (fined 1 s.) Thomas Brian , David Fisher , Eleanor Place, Margaret Hall (fined 1 s. each) Sarah Barker , (fined 1 s.) John Willson , James Shaw (whipped.)

To be imprisoned One Month.

John Williams (whipped) Thomas Ball (fined 1 s.) Christopher Connel (whipped) Elizabeth Humbles (fined 1 s.)

To be imprisoned One Week.

Isabella Graham (fined 1 s)

To be Whipped.

William Miller , John Khee, alias. Coe, John Phillips, Richard Budge

To be fined One Shilling.

John Wright

The following Capital Respites of former Sessions received his Majesty's Pardon as under.

John Fitzgerald , Mary Smith , to be imprisoned six months.

Andrew Davis , James Carroll , Lawrence King , Maria Smith , John Stonehouse , William Smith , to be transported for their natural lives.

John Davis , William Williams , William Perry , John Clewes , to be transported for fourteen years.