Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 11 May 2021), January 1792 (17920113).

Old Bailey Proceedings, 13th January 1792.

THE TRIALS AT LARGE OF THE CAPITAL and other CONVICTS, ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex, HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday, the 13th of JANUARY, 1792, and the following Days;

Being the SECOND SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honourable John Hopkins , LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON,




Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor); And Sold by J. DALBY, No. 22, Fetter-lane, opposite Rolls-buildings; Also by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.


Letters and Messages for Mr. Hodgson, left at No. 22, Fetter-Lane, will be instantly forwarded to him.


KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN HOPKINS , LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Right Honourable Sir JAMES EYRE , Lord Chief Baron of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer; the Honourable Sir FRANCIS BULLER , one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; the Honourable Sir JOHN WILSON , one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir JOHN WILLIAM ROSE , Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City; JOHN SILVESTER , Esq. Common Serjeant of the said City; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Joseph Hodgson

Richard Oakley

William Waites

Benjamin Godwin

Wm. Henry Collingham

John Distoff

John Osborne

John Palmer

John Simpson

David Betson

Peter Smith

Richard Price

First Middlesex Jury.

Martin Robinson

Solomon Erwood

Thomas Norris

John Wilmot

Cornelius Pass

Daniel Wildman

Joseph Simpson

Edward Brooke

George Fryer

William Yeomans

George Hollands

William Hall

Second Middlesex Jury.

Samuel Acton

William Buckland

George Roberts

John Pass

William Phillips

James Maitland

James Bevan

James Collyer

Joseph Moore

Richard Hamilton

Hugh Burne

William Moore

48. WILLIAM WALLIS was indicted for feloniously making an assault, in the King's highway, on John Forrester , on the 20th of December last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, one man's hat, value 2 s. 6 d. the goods of the said John Forrester .


I am a journeyman smith ; the prisoner is a stranger; this happened in Rosemary-lane , on Tuesday before Christmas-day, about six o'clock, or two or three minutes afterwards; I was coming down, I had been to my master's, from work, and the prisoner knocked me down; I worked down in Church-lane, but I had then come from my master's, in Tower-street, who is a hoop-bender, and was going home to Church-lane, to my own home; I have a shop there; he never spoke to me, but he met me, and knocked me down; he kicked my heels up, and then laid hold of me by the collar, and put his knee upon my breast. and I cried out lustily, and he took my hat away, and made his escape; he did nothing to me when I was down, but took my hat: there were plenty of lamps near: he never spoke to me: I did not see him stopped in my presence; I never saw him till he was taken up, which was Christmas-day in the morning, and the next day, boxing-day, when he was before the justice; I knowed him, because I took particular notice of him when he had me down, and had his knee upon me; and I looked up, and took particular notice of him: I was sent for to go to the Justice's, and there was nobody with him but the officer, but I knew him directly; I saw my hat before the justices, it was given to me there, and the constable has it now; I am sure that is the prisoner that had me down; I told him I was very well known in the neighbourhood, and I took particular notice of him.

Prisoner. Had the man that robbed you a sore hand? - I did not take particular notice.


Court. Have you ever been sworn before? - Only before the justices and Grand Jury.

How old are you? - Fourteen, next May.

Do you know what will become of you, if you swear what is false? - Yes, Sir, I shall go to hell. I am a pawnbroker's prentice; I know the prisoner very well; my master's name is Mr. Findley, and lives at No. 61, Cable-street; the prisoner pawned a hat for 1 s. on the 20th of December, Tuesday night, about eight o'clock; the officer has the hat now.

Prisoner. Was I ever in your master's shop since I released this hat which I have now in my hand? - He did pawn that hat, but he took it out again before the 20th of December.


I keep a pawnbroker's shop; I was in the shop when the hat was pawned; I am sure it was the prisoner that pawned it, the 20th of December, about eight o'clock in the evening; I know him well by coming to the shop.


I am an officer; I produce a hat I had from Mrs. Findley.

(The hat produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner. My lord, I never took any active part about that man, nor ever saw him in my life before.

Jury to Forrester. How came you to know that the hat was before the justice's? - I was ordered before the justice by Mayne.

Court. Had you told the officer about it? - I had not, but I went to two or three pawnbrokers about it.

Court to Mayne. How came you to get your knowledge that this man was robbed? - By an acquaintance, and was from the Wednesday till Sunday before I found him, and then I took him in bed.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 40.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

49. THOMAS CRAGGS was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Joseph Woodcock , about the hour of seven in the night, on the 20th of December last, and burglariously stealing therein three clasp knives, value 9 s. the goods of the said Joseph Woodcock .


I live in Drury-lane ; I am a cutler ; about the 20th of December, about half past seven, I was sitting in a room adjoining a shop; a woman told me, Mr. Woodcock, there is certainly somebody at your window; I got up, and saw a division in the box which was within the window, and I thought I saw at the same time something drawing out, either an instrument or a knife, and I heard a noise of the glass of the window; I opened the door, and observed the prisoner and two more standing against the place which was broke open; they went off; I called to two men to mind the shop, and on going out I found them got about 300 yards, and I followed them, and when they got to the end of the street they almost immediately crossed between two drays; I got on the pavement almost as soon as them, and this Craggs had one of the knives naked in his hand; I took hold of his hand, and says I, you have got more than what is your own; we got to a baker's shop door; I twisted him about into the passage of the baker's shop, and there were three people in the shop; the other two went off; I said to the baker, Mr. Hubbard, I will be obliged to you to let me stop this man while I send for a constable; I took the knife out of his hand; a constable came, and searched him, but found nothing on him but a duplicate; when I came home, I found another knife gone from the box, which was found in the area; and several other things were missing; the constable has the knife which was taken from the prisoner.


I produce the knife delivered to me by Mr. Woodcock.

(Deposed to.)


I had been to my aunt's, in St. Martin's lane, and coming up Drury-lane two boys came and asked me whether I would buy a knife; I asked what they wanted for it; they said 8 d. I told them I would give them 6 d. and they said I should have it, and before I could get the money out the gentleman took me directly.

Court. What business are you? - I am a turner; I work at Mr. Pain's, Old Bethlem, No. 12.

Court to Mr. Woodcock. Are you sure that this was one of the three lads that you saw at your window? - I am; I never lost sight of them.

GUILTY of stealing only . (Aged 18.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

[Transportation. See summary.]

50. ANDREW GALONEY was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Pillar , about the hour of six in the morning, on the 19th of December last, and burglariously stealing therein one looking-glass in a walnut-tree gilt frame, value 20 s. the goods of the said John Pillar .


I live in Lower Shadwell ; I keep a public-house, the Half-moon : on the 19th of December I lost a large looking-glass, about half past six, or twenty minutes to seven; in the morning; it was taken out of my back parlour; I perceived it gone about twenty minutes before seven; I was in the house; I did not see any stranger come, and no part of it was broke open; about an hour's time my servant went over the way to buy some bread for breakfast, and she mentioned it, and there were two boys there, and I went over myself in less than half a minute's time, and the boys told me, if I would give them something to drink, they would tell me who was carrying the glass, and they told me his name; in consequence I immediately sent for an officer, George Forrester , to go after it, I did not go with him, and he came down soon after, and I went and saw the glass about nine o'clock at one Willington's, a pawnbroker's; I am sure it is my glass; the prisoner was in myhouse three or four years back, drawing beer; I saw him again between nine and ten in the evening, when an officer brought him to my house.


I am headborough; Mr. Pillar sent to me to inquire for the looking-glass, and I went to Mr. Willington's and found it out, and they said they took it in of one Sarah Fenner ; and this girl told me that Andrew Galoney had sent her; I did not apprehend the prisoner.


I live in New Gravel-lane; the prisoner, Andrew Galoney , asked me if I would go an errand for him; I told him yes, and I went and pawned the glass, which he gave me, at Mr. Willington's, for 9 s. and I gave it him all but one halfpenny; I live along with Mr. Chapman, a sailor; I became acquainted with the prisoner at the public-house.

Prisoner. Mr. Chapman keeps a house for girls of the town, he lets lodgings to them.


I am a pawnbroker; I live in New Gravel-lane; I produce the glass; Sarah Fenner left it at my house on the 19th of December, it was pawned for 9 s.

(Deposed to.)

- WINTER sworn.

I am an officer, and apprehended the prisoner.

(The confession read by the clerk.)

Prisoner. I was on Mr. Pillar's platform, and I saw this glass behind the bags in the yard, and I took it; and Mr. Pillar said, if I would confess I took it out of the place, he would prosecute me no further.

Court to Pillar. Did you tell him, if he would confess, you would not prosecute? - I did tell him, if he would confess of any thing that was taken out of the house before, as I had lost above thirty pounds worth of plate and other things, I would forgive him that crime.

(The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY of stealing only . (Aged 18.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

51. SIMON SOLOMONS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 5th of January , twenty-five yards of Irish linen, value 20 s. the goods of Thomas Nelson , privily in his shop .

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I am a mercer and linen-draper , in St. Botolph, Bishopsgate-street Without : on the morning of the 5th of January, on a Thursday, a little before half after seven, I had taken down the front shop, and I was unscrewing the shutters of the other, the back shop, and I heard a noise, and looked round and saw the prisoner on the threshold of the door, going out; I immediately cried out, stop thief! and pursued him, and did not lose sight of him until I had secured him and brought him back; the piece was dropt at the door; I saw it laying on the footway as I was going out after him; I let it lie there, and followed him, and when I came back I saw it in the hands of John Dowsy ; I saw nobody there but the prisoner nigh where the cloth lay, and it was not above three feet from the door.

Mr. Knapp, Prisoner's Counsel. Where is your shop situated? - In Bishopsgate-street Without.

Have you any partner? - No.

How many persons might there be in the shop? - None, except myself.

Is it a large shop? - No.

You have shopmen, I presume? - I have a man and a boy; but at this time the man was getting his hair dressed, and the boywas doing his ordinary work, cleaning knives and shoes.

Had not the man or boy been in the shop before you that morning? - No, I was the first in the shop.

Did you observe any thing when you turned your head? - The first thing I observed was the prisoner at the threshold of the door.

You said you heard something drawing across the counter, I want to know whether you saw any thing? - I saw nothing but the prisoner on the threshold of the door.

I think, if you heard somebody drawing something off the counter, you would naturally look round? - That caused me to look round.

And what did you see? - I saw the prisoner at the threshold of the door.

At the same instant you saw the prisoner at the door you saw linen on the threshold? - No, I did not see the linen till I came out.

Had there been any body in the shop in the course of the morning before? - No one, because I had opened every door myself.

Had you opened any Irish? - No, none at all.

Then it was packed up? - It was; it was not left open, it was bound up with paper on the outside of it.

Probably you bought a greater quantity than that? - The day before I bought two pieces.

Had it been opened at all since it was bought? - It was opened the day before, to see what it contained.

It had not been opened that morning? - No.

Then what it might contain in the morning you only suppose from measuring the night before; was there any mark on it how many yards it contained? - There is the mark on it now.

And you put the mark there? - I marked my own private mark on it.

Did you mark how many yards it contained? - This piece of Irish, which was stolen, is one that had been dyed, and afterwards calendered, and it is the business of the calenderer to mark the quantity of the yards on it which it contains.

Court. You do not mean to say that you yourself the night before had observed any mark upon it; you cannot swear to it? - Yes, there is my own private mark upon it.

Mr. Knapp. The first that you saw of it, after you came out of the shop, was on the pavement? - It was.


I am a silk weaver; on the 5th of this month, Thursday, I was going by the prosecutor's door, about twenty minutes past seven in the morning; I observed the prisoner at the bar coming out of the shop of Mr. Nelson with a piece of goods under his arm; and when he was at the threshold of the door, Mr. Nelson cried out, stop thief! when the prisoner got about a yard off from the threshold, I saw him let fall the goods, and I picked them up, and gave them to the prosecutor immediately, and he delivered them to the constable.

Mr. Knapp. Did you know the prisoner before? - No, never saw him before, as I know of.

You said you should not know the piece of goods again? - I should know the same piece I saw before the Lord-Mayor, but whether it was the same as was dropped I cannot take upon me to say.


I produce a piece of brown Irish; I got it from the prosecutor, Mr. Nelson, and have kept it ever since.

(Deposed to by Mr. Nelson by his own private mark; it is worth twenty shillings.)

Mr. Knapp. Have you had a bill delivered? - I have.

You told me you bought two pieces? - I did.

Were they the same quantity? - I do not know exactly.

Have you the same mark on that at home? - Yes.

You received this from the witness? - I did.

Will you take upon you to swear that this may not be the other piece which you have at home? - Most certainly I will.

Court. Have you kept that piece which the witness Dowsey gave you to this time to bring it here? - I gave it to the constable immediately.

It hath had no connection with this piece? - No, never; that has been up stairs ever since.

With regard to that piece, had you only seen it the night before, or had you seen it that morning? - I had seen it on the counter that morning.

(Deposed to.)

GUILTY of stealing, but not privily .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

52. WILLIAM LAMBE was indicted or stealing, on the 2d of January , 300 lb. weight of lead, value 54 s. belonging to the Right Hon. Frederick Augustus Berkley , Earl of Berkley, and affixed to a certain building of his , against the statute.


I was left in Lord Berkley's house, in Grafton-street , to take care of it; it was three doors from the corner house: on Monday, the 2d of January, I saw some of the lead had been cut off, and taken away; it was a flat roof; I gave no alarm; I never saw any person on the lead till the Monday evening, between five and six, I saw three men on the same leads; I called out, stop thief! I could not distinguish any of the men.

Court. How high was the leads from the ground? - I cannot say.


I am a groom to Mr. Amyand; I was coming along Grafton-street on Monday evening, about six o'clock; Mr. Dugar was before me; and I saw a person jump from the wall and run across the way, and Mr. Scott's servant and me secured him; he was the same man that jumped from the wall, he never was out of my sight; that is the prisoner; he had on a smock frock; he appeared to be very much in liquor; he went very quietly till a man of the name of Evans was taken; then he appeared to be very obstinate, and refused to go along; he laid himself down on the pavement; the patrol took a knife from him, which is here; he denied being on the wall.

(The knife shewn to the Jury.)


I am a servant; I heard the alarm given; I ran out, and I saw the prisoner jump from the wall; I am certain to his person; the wall was about seven feet; I had hold of a short smock frock he had on; he got away, and was taken by the other persons; he never was out of my sight; he appeared to me not to be in liquor, but to sham to be so.


I am servant to Mr. Scott; I found this lead on the top of the wall of my Lord Berkley's premises; next to that wall is this wall, which is a dead garden; the two walls join together; that from whence the prisoner jumped is the highest by two foot.

JOHN CREW sworn.

I am servant to Mr. Crew, the plumber; I have examined this piece of lead; it corresponds; it is part of my Lord's.

(The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Transportation. See summary.]

53. THOMAS NORRIS was indicted for stealing, on the 28th of December , 29 lb. weight of lead, value 2 s. belonging to James Meredith Parrott , and affixed to his dwelling-house .


On the 29th of December last I was informed I had lost some lead; and I saw, between twelve and three, a quantity of lead was taken off a room which forms a part of my dwelling-house, in Bridge-street, Westminster ; I cannot tell when I saw it there; but I think, if it had been removed the preceding morning, I must have seen it gone; there is a common thoroughfare behind my house, called Bridge-court; and as the whole of this room was flat-roofed, and covered with lead, I gave the patrol notice, and informed two of the Bow-street officers, and communicated to them my loss; they said they had taken up a man the night before with a quantity of lead, and had the man in custody; they went to the top of the room, to view the premises, I went with them; and the next morning they brought some lead, and I went with them to the top of the room, and saw the lead fitted to the place from whence my lead had been taken; that was the lead they brought with them; it was not all the lead, but it fitted exactly, as far as it went; and it was the same sort, colour, and appearance; the lead is in the possession of the officers.


I met the prisoner, the 28th of December, a little before nine; he had passed me just by Privy-Gardens, coming along; we took him into custody; he had some lead; the next day we saw the prosecutor, and fitted the lead; it appeared to be lately cut, and fitted directly; it is about 29 lb. weight; I do not know the value; I found this knife on him.

Parrott. I do not know the value.


I work in St. George's-row, and coming over Westminster-bridge, it was a hard frost, and I picked up this lead, and two men came past; says I, I have picked up a prize; they said it was lead; I said, if you will not take it, I will; so I put it over my shoulder, to take it to St. James's watch-house, to see if any body owned it.

(The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

[Transportation. See summary.]

54. JAMES WILLIS and JOHN BAILEY were indicted for stealing, on the 2d of January , a wooden boat, value 8 l. the property of Robert Haywood .

A second Count, For stealing 6 Cwt. of hemp, value 4 l. the property of persons unknown.

(The case opened by Mr. Knapp.)

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I am master of the boat Eliza, belonging to the ship Eliza , which belongs to Robert Haywood , Esq ; of the Isle of Man; the boat was fastened; we went down about half past seven to take our supper; at past eight we missed the boat; the boat was the property of Mr. Haywood.


I was on board the Eliza; I made the boat fast myself; I went down to supper; the boat was made fast about six, and missed passed eight; I did not come up; Robert Lewin came up; one end of the painter was in the boat, and the other is fast on board ship yet; I believe the other end of the painter was cut.


I am a watchman, a patrol to prevent thieves robbing the boats; I was on the river the 2d of January, between eight and ten; it was slack water; we were rowing up; I bowed the boat; my master said, here comes a towing match; two men were towing; one of our people chucked me into the boat of the ship, to take care of it, when I came up with the wherry; we carriedthe hemp into Mr. Climber's house; I believe there was six hundred and a half of hemp; we left the boat at our boat-builder's; Eliza was wrote on the stem of the boat; I do not know who the two men were that were towing.


I remember being on the river the 2d of January last, about half after seven or eight; we went out, and in rowing up the river, one of my men said, master, here is a towing match; I turned, and saw a boat at a distance, and there were the two prisoners drawing a ship's boat; I am sure of the prisoners, I knew them before; I went close to them; we secured the boat, and pursued them, and never lost sight of them; Willis had the rope over his left arm, Bailey was pulling the sculls; when I saw him come so close, I saw him chuck the rope from his arm, and away they rowed; I pursued them as soon as I could wind the boat round; I never lost sight of them till they shot round the tier; then I saw Willis jump out of the boat, and I lost sight of him all at once; I then pursued Bailey, and there was a boat stopped; I am conscious he is the person; one of the other witnesses brought Willis all over wet; there were sixty odd heads of hemp, that is, six hundred and a half in all; the boat had the name of Eliza on the stern.

Court. Has Comyn seen that boat since? - He saw it the next morning.

Court to Comyn. Was the boat you saw the next morning the boat you lost? - Yes.

Mr. Garrow, prisoner Willis's Counsel. Have you been long used to the river? - Yes, ever since I was nine years old.

Sometimes you pick up a boat on drift? - Yes; then we take her and secure her to the nearest place.


I was at Union-stairs between nine and ten in the evening; I heard a cry of stop thief! I went into my boat; I saw a boat coming up to Union-stairs; I stopped it, and it was Bailey; he was taken into custody; he knew me, and called me by my name, and said, do not stop me; I said I would; he said, let me go; I said, I cannot; he replied, you are a bloody rogue.


I was present at the taking of Bailey, and I saw somebody splashing in the water, and trying to get under the ship's bottom; he proceeded on; all at once I missed him; then I saw his chin level with the water, and his hat came off; the young man that was with me took hold of him, and we hauled him into the boat; that was James Willis ; he asked me what he had done; I said I could not tell him, but we would let him know presently; we delivered them to an officer.

Court to Comyn. What sort of a rope was it that fastened the boat to the ship? - It was a tolerable good rope.

Prisoner Willis. I have nothing to say.

Prisoner Bailey. I leave it to my counsel.

Mr. Garrow to Willis. If you have any story to tell, you must tell it yourself; I cannot tell it for you.


On Monday night I was going to Gravesend; I hired this man as a waterman; we came up to a fish-boat, and they told us there was a boat with something in her; the master of the boat called to us; says he, there is a boat with something in, pick her up, and take her to shore; so immediately the waterman gave me hold of the rope, and I held it till this man came, and began to halloo out, stop thief! then I let go immediately.

(The prisoner Willis called seven witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

(The prisoner Bailey called two witnesses to his character.)

Court to Comyn. You know nothing of the hemp? - No, nor who it belonged to.


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

[Transportation. See summary.]

55. WILLIAM JAMES was indicted for feloniously making an assault, in the King's highway, on William Davis , on the 19th of December , and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a watch with an inside case and outside case made of silver, value 40 s. a steel watch-chain, value 2 d. a steel watch seal, value 2 d. and a watch-key, value 1 d. the goods of the said William Davis .


I am a journeyman carpenter ; I am 61 years of age; I lost my watch, the 19th of December, between six and seven in the evening, in Marshall-street, Carnaby-market ; I was going home from my work, and I saw a man pass, which I did not take particular notice of, and then the prisoner came up, and asked me, how do you do, daddy? and then gave me a slight push on the breast; I hardly knew whether it was meant to hurt me, but he made me lean back, and took my watch out of my pocket, and I cried out stop thief! before it was well out of my pocket; I pursued him, and I had the person in view till the turning of Broad-street, and then I lost him: I pursued the cry, and there was a crowd, and I pushed into the crowd, and saw the prisoner, and to the best of my knowledge he is the same person that took the watch from me; there were some lamps near; I did not know his voice; but when he came up, and said, how do you do, daddy? I looked at him, and supposed it must be somebody that I knew: I leave him to the mercy of the Court, and the clemency of the Jury? I am 61, and then was quite sober; I had only part of five pots of beer that afternoon with others.

- GOREING sworn.

I am a smith; I was coming up Broad-street, and saw a man running considerably a-head of the other people; the prisoner was running down Broad-street; Marshall-street crosses Broad-street; he was by himself; the people might be fourteen yards from him, making up towards him, following him; he was the foremost, and came running into my arms; he said he was not the man, but was the person that cried stop thief! I told him he was the first person I saw run; I took him by the collar, and Mr. Davis came up and said he was the man; the watch was picked up in the street; he was taken to the public-house, and a constable sent for.

Mr. Garrow, Prisoner's Counsel. You know that part of the street where the prosecutor says this happened? - Yes.

Between that place where he described this to have happened, and the place where you met the prisoner, how many streets were there that branched out from the street you was in? - Cambridge-street and Poland-street.


I picked up the watch in Broad-street, at the end of the crossing leading from the end of Poland-street to Cambridge-street; Marshall-street is at the top of Broad-street.

Supposing a person had come out of Marshall-street into Broad-street, could he have dropt the watch in that place where you found it? - Yes, he could.

At what time did you pick it up? - I believe it might be a little better than half after six, it was after the cry of stop thief! that I picked it up, eight or nine minutes; I knew when I picked up the watch that there was somebody in custody.

(The watch produced and deposed to, the prosecutor having had it a great number of years; the name is James Cofield .)


Coming up Marshall-street, I stopped a few minutes; I heard a cry of stop thief! I went on, and pursued, and this Goreing cried out, stop thief! and said, there he goes; and this gentleman stopped me; I said I was not the person; I am as innocent of it as you are.

Court. What way of life are you in? - A cabinet-maker .

(The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a very good character.)

GUILTY, Death .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

He was humbly recommended to mercy by the Jury .

Court. I shall certainly attend to that recommendation; for though this slight of hand, which these people have acquired, is become extremely dangerous to the community, yet there certainly is a difference between that and open and direct violence, and there is certainly a fair ground for your recommendation.

Prosecutor. My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury; I hope for mercy to him as I hope for mercy to myself, and for the sake of his poor distressed mother; and sorry I am to think he is here.

56. ELIZABETH WILLIAMS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 6th of January , three cotton shawls, value 18 s. and two silk handkerchiefs, value 5 s. the goods of Samuel Cosmo .


I lost three cotton shawls, and two silk handkerchiefs; I am a haberdasher , in Russel-court, Drury-lane.


How old are you? - I am just turned thirteen.

Do you know what will become of you, if you take a false oath? - I cannot think of ever prospering, if I take a false oath.

Do you know nothing more than that; do you know what will become of you, if you take a false oath? - I shall go to the devil. I saw the woman take the things; it was on Friday, the 6th of January, about a quarter before six in the evening; Mrs. Detcry gave me the things, and I took them in my lap; she gave me the things to go with the prisoner; she took them as far as the rope-walk, Queen Anne-street East , and she took the things from me; she took them out of my lap; she said, if her uncle was within, I should go in with her; but, if not, she would call she in in a minute; so she left me just by a publick-house, and then she ran off.

Did she shew you the door that was her uncle's? - No, she did not, nor knock at any door in my presence, but went off rather quick; she did not come back at all; the three shawls have been recovered, but not the handkerchiefs.


I am shop-woman; I shewed the goods myself; she desired some shawls, and some silk handkerchiefs, for her mistress; I thought it was for somebody in the neighbourhood; she did not say where she lived; I sent the little girl with her, as I had nobody else to send, and she desired they might be sent: I saw three shawls in about two hours afterwards; they were brought back by the pawnbroker and constable.

- CHAFFINCH sworn.

I am a pawnbroker; I produce a shawl I took in of the prisoner at the bar; I stopt her at the time; she came in with one at first, and asked 8 s. upon it; I asked her if it was her own; she said it was; I asked her if she was sure of it; she said she would go and fetch the girl they belonged to, and ran out of the shop, and threw down two behind her, and the young man in the shop stopt her just at the door; I live in Tottenham-court road; this happened between six and seven o'clock last Friday; she confessed they belonged to Mr. Cosmo.


I took her into custody.

(The shawls deposed to by the private mark, one R U and the other A U, and being Mr. Cosmo's hand-writing.)

Prisoner. The girl gave me the things, and after I came out she was gone.


Imprisoned one month , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

57. RICHARD HAYNES was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 13th of December , one quart pewter pot, value 2 s. one pint pewter pot, value 1 s. the goods of William Horwood ; two pint pots, value 2 s. the goods of Rebecca Morton ; and one pint pot, value 1 s. one half pint, value 6 d. the goods of William Wilkins .


I keep the Horns, Upper Thames-street ; I lost a pewter quart pot, and a pewter pint pot, on the 13th of December, at half past five; the prisoner came, and I missed the pint he drank out of; having suspicion, I sent for the constable, William Williams , and he searched him in my house, where I detained him, and found a quart pot of mine in his breeches, a pint pot in his bosom, one pint out of his waistcoat, and one out of each coat, and a half-pint out of his waistcoat; I delivered them all into the constable's hands, who lent me the hand to search; my name is on the quart, and a cypher on the pint; it is what they call a bar pint; we particularly missed the cypher pot that day, as it was the pint he had to drink out of, and he was asked for it, and did not produce it.


I am the constable; I assisted Mr. Horwood in taking these pots from the prisoner; one quart I took from him myself, and I have all the things here now which I took and saw taken.

(Produced and deposed to by Mr. Horwood, Mrs. Morton, and Mr. Wilkins.)

- MORTON sworn.

I keep a public-house, the Queen's-head, Darkhouse-lane ; apparently the prisoner seems to be the man I have seen a number of times; here are two pints of mine, with my name upon them.


I keep the sign of the Monument, Little Eastcheap ; here is a pint and half-pint, with my name upon them, but I cannot swear to them; I never missed them, and I never sold any with my name upon them.

Prisoner. I have been out of work a great while, and wanted bread, and have a sick wife.

GUILTY . (Aged 66.)

Publicly whipped , and imprisoned 3 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

58. JOHN NORMAN was indicted for feloniously assaulting Mark Small , on the King's highway, on the 28th of December last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, three shirts, and other things, value 30 s. the property of John Small .


How old are you? - I am fourteen next July.

Do you know what will become of you, if you take a false oath? - I shall go to hell.

Jury. Do you know the meaning of an oath? - If I should swear false, I shall go in a place of punishment. I lost three bundles I carried from my mother's, White-horse yard, Wells-street, East-Smithfield; I was to carry them to Mr. Waldron's, in Catharine-street, Strand, a cabinet-maker; I was going along Crutched-friars, and this lad came over to me, and asked me if I could tell him where Lombard-street was, the Post-office, and I was going to give him directions, and he said he would be much obliged to me if I would show him; when I came to Lombard-street, I said, there is the Post-office; never mind, says he, I will call as I come back; he followed me, and just as I got to St. Andrew's church he said he would give me sixpence to carry a letter to Ely-place ; I took the letter, and he shewed me which house to go in; as I was going in that house, he snatched my bag, in which were the three bundles, off my head, hat and all, and then he ran down the street, and dropt my hat just at the bottomof Ely-place; I halloo'd out, stop thief! as soon as ever I picked my hat up, he was out of my sight; I ran to Mr. Waldron's, to tell him I was robbed; I cannot tell what time it was, but the lamps were lighted; they were not lighted when I set off from home, it was then between three and four; I had not known him before; I took notice of him by his face and voice; I saw him again on the Monday, at night, at the Public-office, East-Smithfield; I saw my mother put the things in, but I cannot tell exactly what they were.


I know that my wife washes for the young men the linen was going to, and put up the things.


I am wife of John Small : on Christmas-eve I sent my son with three bundles; in one was a waistcoat, one pair of blue cotton stockings, with silk stockings; the next was one muslin neckcloth and other things; and a pair of shoes in the third bundle; that he was to carry to Mr. Chappell's, in the first place, in Middle-row, Holborn; and the next place he was to go to Mr. Waldron's, Catharine-street, in the Strand, with the rest; he came home, and told me he had lost the things, and said he could swear to the person from an hundred; I never saw any of the things again; I suppose they might be worth 30 s. altogether.


I am the officer that took the prisoner up; the boy and the father came to me on the Monday; he described to me the man as a short man, black coat, black waistcoat, and corduroy breeches, and something particular in his walk, with straight light hair; in the afternoon I apprehended the prisoner in St. Catharine's, and brought him to the King's-arms, East-Smithfield; he had on then a blue great coat, buttoned from the top to bottom; I put the prisoner in the tap-room, amongst not less than twenty, and then sent for the boy; he came with his father and mother, and picked out the prisoner, and said, that is the man in the corner, but that is not the coat he had on, and then told me his dress again; on which I made him pull his great coat off, and then appeared the clothes the boy had described him to have had on when he robbed him: I searched him, but found nothing on him that concerned this robbery.

Prisoner. This gentleman pointed me out to the boy.

Dawson. I did not; I sent the boy in from the parlour by himself, and told him to go in the tap-room; and he went in, and said the man was there; afterwards I went in with him, and told him to go and put his hand upon him.


I know the prisoner at the bar; he dined with me that day, Christmas-eve, and staid with me till six o'clock in the evening; I live in Great Gardens, St. Catharine's.

How came that young man to dine with you? - He often comes, and I wash for him, and he lodged in a house in St. Catherine's-lane; I take in washing, and my husband is at sea: he went away after the bellman went, which I compute to be six, or half an hour after; he is my relation.

Did not he get his dinner often with you? - No, only by accident.

How long ago might he have been with you before? - The value of a week.

When had he dined with you? - He dined with me the Sunday before.

What relation is he? - He is my brother.

How came you to be quite so sure it was Christmas-eve? - Because it was on a Saturday, and Christmas-day was on a Sunday.

Might it not be on the 17th, that was on a Saturday? - No, it was the day before Christmas-day, I am very positive.

Was there any body else but you and him dined together? - Nobody else.


From one till six he was in company along with me, in the same room with Mrs. Vannest, and dined with us both (I wentby invitation) on Christmas-eve; she invited me on Friday.

Did she tell you she would meet him? - She did not.

Did she give you any particular reason for dining with her on that day? - No, my Lord.

Was you used to dine with Mrs. Vannest? - When I come from sea I always do, my Lord; she washes for me.

Perhaps you dined with her more than once? - Yes, more than once.

Did you dine by invitation? - Yes.

Did you pay her for your dinner? - Always paid her for my dinner.

Always paid her? - Sometimes I did.

Jury. You said you always paid her? - Gentlemen, it is always paid somehow or somehow.

Court. On your oath, did you ever pay Vannest for your dinner? - No, my Lord, she never charged me nothing for my dinner.

Did you ever pay her for your dinner? - No, never, my Lord, lately.

When did you pay her for your dinner? - About two years ago.

Where did she live then? - In Plymouth Dock.

Did you dine with her on Christmas-day? - I did, and the day after.

What had you for dinner on Saturday? - Beef and pudding.

What sort of a pudding? - Plumb-pudding.

Was the beef roasted or boiled? - Roasted.

What had you on Sunday? - A leg of mutton roasted, my Lord, and potatoes.

What had you on Monday? - The remains that were left after Sunday.

Had you nothing else? - Nothing else, only a pot of beer and a twopenny loaf.

Who dined with you on Saturday? - John Norman , Catherine Vannest , and Dennis Stack .

Who dined with you on Sunday? - The same.

Who dined with you on Monday? - Catherine Vannest and me alone.

Court to Vannest. I understood you to say that there was nobody dined with you on Saturday but yourself and your brother, but I find I was mistaken, there was another man? - Yes, there was that man, and my brother, and myself: this man came up to my room about one or two o'clock, and I asked him to have a bit of dinner with me, as he was not well.

I understand you wash for him? - I do.

When had you seen him before? - I see him every day when he is not at work; he often calls up to my apartment.

Did he dine with you the day before? - He came up stairs, and I asked him if he had had any victuals; he said no, and I told him to go to the cupboard and get some.

Does he frequently dine with you? - Not always, only sometimes.

Does he pay you for his dinners? - He does not pay me, because I looked upon him as a man that pays me for my washing, and I give him victuals when he is out of work.

When did he dine with you since? - He has had victuals up in my room several times.

Has he dined with you since that time? - Yes.

When? - Last Saturday, for the last time.

When was the next time, after that Saturday, that your brother dined with you? - On Monday, please you, my Lord.

Did he dine with you on Christmas-day? - He did not; he dined with me on Monday following.

Did your brother dine with you on Christmas-day? - He did.

Did any body else besides? - No.

Did your brother dine with you on Monday? - He did.

What had you for dinner on Saturday? - To tell the truth, my Lord, we had an Irish stew, made of mutton and potatoes.

That was your Saturday's dinner, on Christmas-eve? - It was, my Lord.

What had you on Sunday? - A bit of roast beef and a plumb-pudding.

That was the day that this Stack did not dine with you? - It was.

What had you on Monday? - Some of that which was left on Sunday.

That was roast beef and pudding, not mutton and potatoes? -

Prisoner. I am entirely innocent: when I was in the room Dawson told the boy I was there, and he naturally pitched upon me when he was told I was taken there.

Court to Mark Small . Did Dawson tell you to go and see the man, and that he was there, or only for you to go and see if the man was there? - He told me to go and see whether the man was there; I went in and saw he was there, and came and told him, and then he told me to go and put my hand on his head, and he would follow me and see who it was.

GUILTY of stealing, but not of the highway robbery . (Aged 16.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

59. JAMES STACEY and MARY STACEY were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 23d of December , three pint and two quart pewter pots, value 3 s. 6 d. the property of Thomas Palmer .

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I keep the Masons-arms, Upper Berkley-street ; I lost some pots, but did not miss them till they were brought me by Leech; they are pots we never send out, only use them for customers in the house.


I am a publican; I keep the Lord Clive's head, Duke-street, Cavendish-square; these pots I found at the prisoners' apartments in seeking for my own. (Deposed to.) I found them all in the prisoners' room, in Berwick-court, nearly half a mile from Mr. Palmer's house; I found them on Thursday afternoon, about six o'clock, on the 22d of December; I found two in a box under some clothes, two bar pots under a hod, and some in a cupboard; I have kept the pots ever since; the man and his wife were both in the lodgings, and they said they were their lodgings; they were at our house that day, drinking, both of them; and when the woman was going out, a pot was found upon her in the passage; the maid servant followed her, and she was tumbled down in the street, and found another in her pocket; upon this, many people came round her; and I went to her, and told her I would extricate her from the mob, if she would tell me where she lodged, because I told her I dared say I should find more of my pots; I went to the house, and the first thing I saw in her room was a quart pot of mine.

MARY PEEL sworn.

I am a married woman; I chare for Mr. Leech; I went to the prisoners' lodgings with Mr. Leech; they live as man and wife; the pots produced are the pots we took away; I have kept them in my cupboard ever since; I lodge with Mr. Leech.

(Deposed to by the name on them, and missed them by having them in use on Wednesday before, and only having half a dozen of that sort in the house. On the Wednesday, James Stacey had been drinking at the house, and two more with him; he quitted without paying his reckoning, and came again the next morning, and had a pennyworth of purl to drink.

Court to Leech. When the woman was stopped with the pot about her, was the man with her? - No, he had gone home, but he had been, and they came together.


This Wednesday I went to go to work, and it was a frosty day, I could not; I went into Mr. Palmer's, and staid there towards night; and then I found the liquor in my head, and shoved off towards home; I went the next morning, and had a pennyworth of purl, and Mr. Palmer told me that the company I was with the last night had left me three-pence to pay; I told him I was sure it did not belong to me to pay, and I went out, and met with a young man,and he and I went to Mr. Leech's, about eleven o'clock, and took a quart pot home with me, and after that the young man went out for five or six different pots of beer, and there was one of the pots left by the bedside for me to drink in the night; with that, Mr. Leech's maid came up in the morning, and asked my wife if we had any pots in the room; says she, yes; here, take them; after that, Mr. Leech and his maid came together, and found the pots, some on the table, and some in the cupboard and by the bedside; Mr. Leech took them all home; it is well known, all over Marybone parish, that I am an honest man; Mr. Leech knows that I work very hard, and when I get money I spend it, and then go to work for more, as Mr. Leech knows very well.

Court to Palmer. You never gave him leave to carry any of your pots away? - No, my Lord, except when he was to work at a building near, and then I expected them back again.


Publicly whipped , and imprisoned 3 months .


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

60. WILLIAM READ and ELIZABETH JACOBS were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 22d of December , one man's cloth coat, value 3 s. a leather bridle, value 12 s. a piece of carpetting, value 5 s. and other things , the property of Charles Edwards , Esq .

(The witnesses examined separate, by the prisoners' desire.)


I am a coachman to Mr. Edwards; my master lost the articles in the indictment from the coach-house, on the Friday before the Christmas-day; I had seen them at nine o'clock in the evening, and missed them at six o'clock in the morning; I did not see either of the prisoners take them; I saw them on the Tuesday week following; the glass was in the hand of the man that made the carriage, his name is Dick; I saw the bridle and the bit of carpet in the hands of Peter Mayne ; I saw the glasses fitted, and they had the frames on when I first saw them, and it was of the colour that corresponded with the carriage; the prisoners are quite strangers to me; Dick did not bring four glasses, only the two front glasses.


The prisoner with the woman first asked me to buy the glasses; I told her, yes; I told him to let me look at them; this was the Friday before Christmas, between eleven and twelve in the forenoon; I asked her the price of these glasses; the man immediately said, have you not another room? I told him I had; we went into the back room, and the man pulled out three glasses out of a bag, and the woman pulled out of her lap a bridle, a cloth coat, and a carpet; I asked them the price of these goods; they said, three guineas; I said that was too much, I would give them two guineas and a half; I gave it them, and they went about their business; there was a man in the shop that saw me buy them, and pay for them; I gave them to a brother of mine to sell for me, because he understood them better than me.

Jury. Did you ask the prisoner how he came by this glass? - I did, and he told me that he dealt in the country, and that he often gets these things, if I would buy them of him; his shoes were all mouldy with country dirt at the time he came to me; I live at No. 109, Petticoat-lane; I am a broker, and in the rag line.

Court to Thackway. Where is this house of Mr. Edwards? - No. 292, Wapping .

LEVY LEVY sworn.

I buy and sell rags, on my own account, and was on the 23d of December, Friday, sorting rags in Mordecai's house, in themorning, about eleven o'clock, and the woman first came, and had in her apron a bit of carpet, a bridle, and a great coat; and the man followed her with three coach glasses; I saw them pulled out of the bag; and they asked him three guineas, and he offered two guineas and a half, and gave it, and kept all the things for that money.

Did he ask the man any questions? - I did not hear him; I was in before them, and staid after they were gone for an hour.

JOHN DICK sworn.

I am a coach-joiner; I was going, the 23d of December, between eleven and twelve, cross Petticoat-lane, and Mordecai the Jew stopt me, and told me he had some glasses to dispose of; I went up stairs, into a back room where was a bed, and I saw two glasses, and a small glass for the side, and he asked me 27 s. for them; I bid him 25 s. and he said I should have them; I never went any more to the house afterwards, but his brother came to me, and told me I had lost a good bargain, this was on the Friday after, and brought the front glasses, and wanted 25 s. for them, and 2 s. 6 d. for the broken one, as in the course of this time the little glass was broke; but in consequence of an information of some glasses being lost, I stopt them when he brought them, and I went to Mr. Edward's and tried the frames, and they fitted very well; I have no doubt but they belonged to that carriage; I have kept them from that time to this; it is the same glass; when I saw them at first, they were without the frames; we got the frames from Mr. Kinsey, New-Road, Whitechapel; I had the glasses of Mordecai's brother; I have never seen him since the Monday after he brought the glasses, and told him I should stop them.

To Thackway. Were the glasses taken, and the frames left? - Yes, the front glasses.

To Dick. Did you happen to see whether the third glass was in a frame? - It was in a frame.

Did you make any observations of the glass the brother brought you, so as to know it is the same glass? - I measured them, and I observed it was diamond-cut glass.

Court to Mordecai. What have you done with the bridle, carpet, and other things? - I delivered them to the officer.

Jury. What did you sell the coat for? - One guinea.


I produce one bridle, and a piece of carpetting, which I had from Mordecai, who came with it and a brother of his to East-Smithfield office; in consequence of his information, I apprehended the prisoners; he gave the information last Monday week; I searched the prisoners' room, and found nothing.

(The bridle and the carpet deposed to by Thackway and Mr. Edwards.)


I went out after a pound of butter last Tuesday was week, and when I came home I saw this here man, and another man named Joseph Brown , in the room; and Mr. Mayne said, you must go along with me; I said, if that is the case, I will; and I went; and when I came down to the lock-up place, I said, Lord, I never was guilty of any thing in my life; with that, that man, whose name is Moses Levy , came up to me, and asked me what I was here for; and said, I shall bring you two men to swear to, that they gave you the things; I said I could not swear to what was so false; says he again to me, if you will not do that, swear that your husband gave it to you, and you will get off; and I said I could not do that; and when I came before the justice, these two men came and sware against me; and if ever I saw them before in my life, I wish God may judge me at the day of judgement.

Court to Mayne. Did you tell her to swear against any body? - I did not; she says it was a Jew.

When you took these prisoners, were they in the same room; do they live together? - She came up after we had been in the room with Read about a minute; there is no doubt but they live together as man and wife; they always passed so, from my knowledge; I have known the prisoner Readthese eight years, but have not known her so long.

Prisoner Jacobs to Mayne. Do you not know a man that they call Moushe Pop; was not he there in the room? - There was a man that they call by that name there.

Prisoner. He was the man that I mean that persuaded me to swear against my husband.


I keep a Prussian blue manufactory, in No. 27, Jacks's-row, St. George's fields; the prisoner at the bar, William Read , the Thursday before Christmas, was with me from eight o'clock in the morning till six in the evening; and Friday he came to me at nine o'clock in the morning, and I sent him on the quay at the Custom-house, and went with him as far as London-bridge; I sent him to look for a Frenchman, who was to bring me some Turkey from France, and to come and let me know, and he came to me about three o'clock, and told me the Turkey was entered at the Custom-house; he left me about a quarter after ten, to go on this errand, and then he remained with me till about seven that day; then on Saturday he came at ten o'clock, and remained till nine o'clock in the evening; as far as I know him, the man works on the quays; I employ him about two days in a week.

Court to Thackway. Was the stable-house broke open at all? - I double-locked it, and in the morning when I came it was on the single lock.

(The prisoners called three witnesses further to their character, and who proved they lived as man and wife.)

WILLIAM READ , GUILTY of stealing.

Transported for seven years .


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

61. MARY COLLEY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 5th of January , a man's cloth coat, value 5 s. and a man's cloth waistcoat, value 5 s. the goods of William Hetely .


I am a baker , No. 49, Old Compton-street ; I lost a coat and waistcoat from a small room over my shop; I did not see the prisoner take it; I lost it last Thursday morning, a few minutes past eight, and had seen it there at that time; I found it again on the woman, and took it from her just at the shop-door; I asked her what she had got in her apron; she said, nothing of mine; presently I laid hold of it, and took it from her, and have kept them ever since.


I am a cabinet-maker; I saw the things in her possession, and saw them taken from her.

Prisoner. I never was in the place, nor ever saw the things in my life.

GUILTY . (Aged 66.)

Imprisoned one month , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

62. THOMAS WILLIAMS was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Fenn and Richard Rothwell , about the hour of three in the night, on the 30th of December last, and burglariously stealing therein seven pieces of printed cotton, containing 126 yards, value 30 l. their property .

A second Count, laying it to be the dwelling-house of John Fenn only.

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)

(The witnesses examined separate.)

JOHN FENN sworn.

My partner's name is Richard Rothwell , he is my only partner; I pay the expences of housekeeping myself: on the night of the 30th of December, or 31st in the morning, I lost some goods, in the indictment;I was alarmed at three o'clock, I found the shutter taken down, and a pane of glass intirely broke, and the screws forced out of the nuts; the pane of glass was big enough for a man to have free access into my warehouse; all the several articles in the indictment were taken away.

Mr. Knowlys, Prisoner's Counsel. You never found any of these goods? - No, never.


I am porter to Messrs. Fenn and Rothwell; I put up the shutters, the night before this happened, myself, between seven and eight in the evening, and had seen them about eight in the evening, every thing safe; the next morning I saw the place broke open, a little before eight o'clock.

Mr. Knowlys. Is your shop shut up so early as eight o'clock? - It is; my master is a wholesale dealer .


I am a servant to Messrs. Fenn and Rothwell; it is my business to go round to see that every thing is secure; I went round at half past eight on the 30th of December, and all was safe then; I went to bed at eleven; I sleep in the warehouse; and I saw several pieces of printed cotton, at eight, laying in the shop, close to the window; I was alarmed in the course of the night, about half past three I heard a pane of glass break, but did not get up till the watchman rang the bell, which was five or six minutes after; and I got up and found the place broke, which I am positive was safe the night before, and found seven or eight pieces gone at least, as they lay level with the other pile when I went to bed.

Mr. Knapp, another of Prisoner's Counsel. At half past eight you saw all safe? - Yes.

With respect to the pieces themselves you made no observations when you went to bed? - No.

Mr. Garrow. Did I understand you right, that when you went to bed you saw all the parcels lay level? - Yes, they were.


I am a watchman in Cornhill ward: on the morning of the 31st of December I observed something at the warehouse of Messrs. Fenn and Rothwell; as I came to Newman's-court, I looked down the place, and saw three men at the pannel of the door, at the window, very busy; I saw one of them stretch his arms up, and take the pannel of the door, and lay it on one side of him; the glass of the door was covered with this pannel; I saw another man stoop his back, and stretch his arms in, and take something, the glass having been cut; I did not see it cut; I saw a hackney-coach on the rank, in Cornhill, fronting the place that was broke; I saw a man go to the coach immediately; I did not see him open the coach, but he went and immediately returned to the house again; I made up as fast as I could, and when I was within a few yards of them they made off, and I close to them; I was about as near as I am to you, about five yards distance, going cross Cornhill; two of them slipt on one side, on my left-hand side; I kept my eye on the one, I did not offer to turn after these two, but kept my eye on the third, and kept pursuing, and struck my rattle, and laid hold of him, and brought him to the watch-house; that is the man, in the blue coat, the prisoner; he was never more than five yards distance; he got on the flag-stones before I did, and then he walked.

Was the man you took by the collar ever out of your sight from the time those three ran from the house? - No: I have not the least doubt but he is one that ran from the house; I took him to the watch-house, and told them to take care of him; Mr. Williams is the constable; I told one of the watchmen to give the alarm to the house, and went and rung.

Court. Did you see him, or do you only believe? - I only suppose he did: I have got the crow; Rhodes gave it to me. (Produced.) It has been in my custody ever since.

Mr. Knowlys. Was you the same side of the way, or the opposite? - On the same side.

You saw nothing taken away? - I saw something in a man's hand, but could not tell what it was.

The coach was not open, nor you did not see any body open the coach? - No, I did not.

Did you search this man? - I did not, nor was I present when he was searched.

You paid no attention to the persons who went down to the left side? - No, none at all, I only minded the person that was before me.

How far was you from your watch-box? - There are no boxes in the ward.

Court. Which side of Cornhill was this warehouse? - On the North side, opposite the stand of coaches.

Did you try the fastenings that night? - It was not my beat; there are twelve watchmen, and they all go round the ward.

I think you said this was not your beat; what brought you to this spot? - I did not try the pins in that part, but it is all my beat, I go all round the whole ward; there are twelve watchmen, and they go round five minutes after each other, but I have but one part of the ward to try the fastenings, and where I try them I call my own beat; this part happens not to be in my beat, therefore I do not try the fastenings.

- RHODES sworn.

Of whom did you receive that crow? - It was brought to our house by a person, and I delivered it to Sergeant.


I am a carpenter; I found the crow at the back of Mr. Chapman's (the shoemaker's) house, within a door or two of Mr. Fenn's; Mr. Chapman's house is the corner of Finch-lane; I found it in the groove which had been made for shutters; I found it between eight and nine; I gave it to Mr. Chapman.


I live in Cornhill; I was constable last year: on the 31st of December, in the night, the prisoner at the bar was brought into the watch-house by John Sergeant, one of the watchmen; I asked him a variety of questions, and amongst the rest what could bring him at that hour of the morning into that street; he answered, that he had been at a drinking-club in Shoemaker-row, Aldgate; I asked him then what was his name, and where he lived, and what business; he told me that his name was Thomas Williams , and that he was a cabinet-maker, and lived in Gray's-inn-lane; he told me that he had never been charged with a thing of the kind before; I then took him to the counter: Mr. Fenn, the next morning, went up to Bow-street himself; I was present when Townsend and Jealous were at the Mansion-house; finding Jealous there at the moment, I went into the Mansion-house; I went back again, and brought him from the counter, finding Jealous there; and when he saw him he told me this fellow, instead of living in Gray's-inn-lane, keeps the Half-moon public-house, Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street; Jealous then asked the prisoner if he knew such and such people, mentioning two names, which he had seen that morning fast asleep in the tap-room of the Half-moon; he said he knew nothing at all of them.

Court. Did he say any thing as to that assertion, that he was not the man living in Gray's-inn-lane, but the man that kept the public-house? - I asked him how he could say so; says he, I did so.

Mr. Knapp. He said his name was Thomas Williams ? - He did.

Do you know the situation of Shoemaker-row? - It is in Aldgate.

If any person had been inclined to come from Shoemaker-row to Aldersgate-street, that is the way? - It is a way, although, I think, not the nearest way.

Did you ever happen to hear, since the prisoner was taken up, that he was bred a cabinet-maker? - No.

Have you ever heard of any body else that he was bred a cabinet-maker? - No.

Mr. Garrow. Undoubtedly if a man came from Shoemaker-row to Aldersgate-street, he might find his way if he came tothe monument; but would it not be coming all out of his way to come from Aldgate to Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street, to come through Cornhill? - I think it is almost out of the way.

Court. If you was to come, not in the day, but in the night, should you think Cornhill the safer road? - If I had thought there had been any danger, I had certainly taken the most public way.


The prosecutor came to me, and I went to the Compter to look at the young man at the bar; I dare say I have known the young man eight or nine months.

Where does he live? - In Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street: on the 31st of December I went to that house along with Mr. Fenn, and I saw two gentlemen there.

Do you know from Williams the prisoner whether he was or was not, on the 31st of December, master of the Half-moon, Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street? - I do not, for he denied it; he said he had let it; I never saw him in the house in my life.


Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - Yes, his name is Williams, I believe.

Did you ever know him to live in Gray's-inn-lane, and carry on business in the cabinet-lane? - No, never.

Where did he live on the 31st of December? - I believe he lived at the Half-moon; for the maid was there that is now on the outside of the door with his wife.

How long has he kept that house? - I believe some time.

Do you know that he was the master of it? - I believe he was.

Mr. Garrow. Go out, and bring the maid in.


With whom do you live? - I am out of place, and have been almost these three months.

Where did you live on the last day of the old year? - I was sent for to come on Friday night.

Who was it you was sent for by? - I was sent for to go to the Half-moon, Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street.

Who keeps the house? - Mr. Williams.

Prisoner. Mr. Garrow, I am the person that kept it, I do not deny it.

Mr. Garrow to the Witness. The last day of the old year was on a Saturday; had you much company in the house on the last night of the old year? - Not as I know of; I went away about nine o'clock.

What time did you go on Saturday morning? - I went about seven o'clock.

Who did you find in the tap-room? - Nobody.

Was not you there when Mr. Jealous came? - I do not know who came.

How long have you known Mr. Williams? - About two years.

How long has he kept the Half-moon? - About four months.


I did keep the Half-moon at the time his affair happened; and a young man had been at our house on Thursday night, and we had a chair club, and there the young person gave bills about the club where I was spending my evening, and when he gave the bills he desired me, if I could, to come to his house, and he would take it as a favour: accordingly I went to his house, in Shoemaker-row, Aldgate; and coming home from thence, I was coming on the left-hand side of the way, in Cornhill, a few doors of being almost opposite Birchin-lane; I heard a watchman running; he came up to me, and laid hold of the right side of my collar; I immediately said, my friend, what do you want with me; he says I must go along with him; I told him I believed he was mistaken, and said if I had done any thing amiss I was very ready; accordingly he takes me to the watch-house, and when we came there he goes and says, take care of him! Mr. Williams and another came and searched me; accordingly, after that, they took me to the Compter; that evening they asked me how I came to be out so late; I related the story as before;I told you he asked me what trade I was; I told him I was brought up a cabinet-maker, but having an asthma I was obliged to leave off business, and I took a chandler's shop in the Borough, and from that I took this public-house in Half-moon alley, always endeavouring to maintain the character of an honest man; and even since I have been in this calamitous affair, I have reduced myself to the last shilling to pay every thing that I owed. My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury, I am entirely innocent of the thing laid to my charge: I will call a few friends, who will speak what they know in my behalf; and I leave myself at your mercy.

(The prisoner called five witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

Court to Sergeant. Were there lamps near? - Yes, there were.

GUILTY , Death .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

63. JOHN MEALING was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Ann Hopkins , about the hour of seven in the night, on the 8th of January , and burglariously stealing therein one cotton gown, value 10 s. a child's cotton frock, value 2 s. a linen apron, value 2 s. eight pieces of bed furniture, value 2 s. and two watches, value 40 s. the goods of the said Ann Hopkins .

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I live in Eagle-street , and am an housekeeper; I have one child, six years old the first of March: my house was broke open last Sunday; I left my house between six and seven o'clock in the evening, with the door locked, and the windows bolted; I believe I heard the alarm about half after seven; I was in the Meeting, which is very near the house; I had no thought at first but it was something the matter in the Meeting; presently a man brought the prisoner into the vestry; I then thought of my house, and ran out, and I found my window-shutter broke open; a square of glass was out, and so they opened the hasp of the window, by which a man that was not a large man might get in; the window-shutter was bolted with two bolts; it was supposed that they cut to get at one bolt, and then the other easily was come at: when I came into the house, a great number of things tied up in a blanket, my blanket, and a large trunk, had been removed down stairs to the fire-side; the first thing I put my eye upon, I saw my watch was gone, a tortoiseshell one, from the side of the fire, and a silver one from the dining-room was found under the window; the gown was tied up in another bundle, up stairs, in my dining-room, not brought down; three of my drawers were taken out, and the frock and apron, and all the contents almost, were tied up in the apron; eight pieces of bed furniture I left in an old chair in my dining-room, and that was tied up in this same handkerchief, in the dining-room.


I drank tea with Mrs. Hopkins on Sunday, and I saw all was safe; for we took a candle, and looked, before we went into the Meeting.


On Sabbath-day evening, about five and twenty minutes after seven, I had notice a window was broke; I thought it was one of the Meeting windows, but on examination I found it was not; I went out immediately into the yard, and met a suspicious person at the Meeting-yard door; I looked at his face, he looked at me at the same time; I came in, and then went up stairs; and there is a window just above these stairs; I looked through the window, and I saw a man there, looking about the corner of this house of the prosecutrix's; I thought good then to go and get an assistant; I went to the person who attends the place withme, and I told him, there is a suspicious person in the yard, if you will go along with me, we will see the event of it; immediately when we went out in the yard there was a whistle, as an alarm, from some, I suppose, belonging to this connection; we went and searched this window, and the door likewise, and we found nothing amiss; and while we were searching the window the prisoner burst out of the parlour, through the window; he had bolted himself in; I seized him directly, and with the assistance of the other servant we dragged him out of the house, and we carried him from thence into the vestry: after I had delivered him up to some people to keep him safe, I went back again to see how the house stood; under the window we dragged him out of I picked up a silver watch; this was immediately as I was coming back to get ready some little refreshment to the minister, as is customary after divine service is done; I picked up the other watch by the door of the vestry, through which the prisoner had passed; this was the outer vestry, and he was in the inner vestry.

Prisoner. Did not you say, before the magistrate, that you found me under the window? - I did not; I am sure he was actually coming out of the window: my Lord, I have sworn it, and would testify the same again.


I was along with Mr. Beck at the window, and the prisoner at the bar was coming out of the window; he was coming out with his head and shoulders half out.

Prisoner. Did not you come from the vestry-door after Beck had hold of me? - I was at the window with Mr. Beck.

Court. What distance might this window be from the chapel-door? - A yard and a half.


I produce two watches, given to me in the vestry; I received them from Beck, and he gave me charge; Mrs. Hopkins gave me the cases.

(The watches deposed to.)


There is a long space from the street to this chapel, and just by the chapel-door there is a kind of a nook, in which, as I was coming up, there stood two or three men, whom I know not; I was going to the Meeting, and they thrust me upon my face; and thereupon the gentleman seized me before I could recover myself.

Was you ever in that place of worship before? - I frequently frequent Mr. Romaine's, in Blackfriars, and these people are of the same persuasion; I live at No. 20, Cow-cross-street.

(The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 21.)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

64. JOHN GOLDING and CHARLES SEATON were indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Judah Jacobs , on the 24th of December last, and burglariously stealing therein one metal watch, value 40 s. his property .


I live in Wapping, St. George's in the East ; I am an housekeeper; I keep a shop, a watchmaker's and shop-seller's ; my window was broke on Christmas-eve; I was in the shop; Seaton broke my window; I saw them about the window an hour and an half before; Golding was also about with him, looking in; and seeing them looking, I ordered out more lights into my shop, six instead of four; at last I saw him (Seaton) break the window with his elbow, and he knocked the whole pane in, and took the watch out; I jumped over the counter, and called stop thief! and saw Golding run down Plough-alley, and Seaton run thro' Crown-court, and I ran after him, and having slippers on I fell down: Golding, I am sorry to say, I have known these four years, andam positive as to both of them: I was sent for, about a quarter before eleven, to Joe Bare , and they were then in custody.

Mr. Knapp, Prisoner's Counsel. How long had the persons that you supposed to be the prisoners been about your shop? - They had been an hour or an hour and quarter.

Perhaps you spoke to them during that time? - I did not.

You went out, perhaps, to tell them to get away? - I did not.

Then you put out lights in expectation that a felony might be committed, and you would observe them? - I did.

Pray has it ever happened to you to be in a Court of Justice on such an occasion as this? - No, I never was.

Perhaps you do not know that there is a reward on the conviction of the offenders? - I do not know what you mean.

Do you know whether there is any reward on conviction of either or both of these persons? - I do not.

Will you swear that it has not been represented to you, that there is a reward, by the officers? - They did not; I will swear it.

You mean to swear that you never heard of any such thing? - I may have heard of such a thing.

Will you swear that you never heard that there was a reward on conviction of persons who are charged with the crime of burglary? - I never had occasion to inquire into such a thing.

Who gave you the instructions for the indictment to be for a burglary? - I gave only instructions according to the truth that I know.


I live servant with Mr. Jacobs: on Christmas-eve last they broke the window, and took the watch; Seaton did it, and Golding stood by; I had seen them about the door an hour myself; I was standing at the bottom of the counter, minding the shop, with my master; I always attend the shop; I know nothing of them, only seeing them about the window, and seeing Seaton break it.

Mr. Knapp. How long have you lived with Jacobs? - Above a month.

Do you live with him now? - Yes.

You say that you stood at the end of the counter? - Yes.

How far is the end of the counter from the window? - About a yard, or rather better.

You never saw them before? - Not till they stood about the window.

Your master went out? - No, not till they broke it; and then he instantly jumped over the counter, and cried out stop thief!


I am an officer of East Smithfield; I apprehended the two prisoners, both together, in a public-house, in Black-horse yard; Golding's name was mentioned to me, and the other was told as a short man in a blue coat; I put them in the watch-house, and they staid till Monday; the prisoners sent for me, and said that they had seen some men break the window of the prosecutor, and desired I would go and apprehend them; I did; and Mr. Jacobs saw them on Monday, and the girl, and they persisted that it was these two prisoners.

JOHN GOLDING , (Aged 18,) CHARLES SEATON , (Aged 20,)


Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

65. DANIEL GILLFOY was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Hodge , on the 22d of December last, and burglariously stealing therein a child's muslin frock, value 12 d. a pair of child's stays, value 2 d. a stuff petticoat, value 1 d. a cloak, value 6 d. and twenty-four half-pence, his property .


I live in No. 3, Newtoner's-lane ; I rent the lower apartments of Mr. Shaw, shop and parlour, the door of which is in the entry; the house is let out in tenements, and Mr. Shaw pays the taxes; he reserves no part of the house to himself; Mr. Shaw lives six or seven doors lower down; it was broke open the 22d of December, between two and three; the watchman called me, and told me the place was broke open; I found the door open, and the things about the place; it was bolted when I went to bed; it was opened by the shutter being taken down; it is one half glass, and the shutters slide on; they had wrenched off the shutter; there was a broken pane of glass in the door, and they could get at the bolt; I lost nothing, but found the things scattered about the shop; the things in the indictment were left in the back room when I went to bed; the halfpence were scattered about the counter, and behind it; they were left in the till the over-night.

Prisoner. Did not you positively swear that the door was not fastened that night? - I did not say so; I said my wife fastened it, and I stood by.


Just after two o'clock in the morning I was coming up, I saw this man and another trying at one of my master's houses, Mr. Shaw, at the shutters of the back parlour; they had a light; on my coming up, they hid it; when I came up, I asked them what they did there; on which they went quite up the lane; I went up stairs, but I thought I would not go to bed, and that I had better call the watchman; I went out to call the watchman; and another man, not the prisoner, held the street-door of the passage that belongs to Mr. Hodge's shop, and I saw a light in the shop; I went immediately and called the watchman, and I found him in Parker's-lane, and I told him what I had seen, and he sprung his rattle; and I ran home, and I found the same man holding the door then, and the light was then in the shop; after seeing this, I ran again tomeet the watchman, and just as we came to them the man ran away that held the door, and this man came out, and they both of them crossed over the way, and the watchman and I ran after them directly and cried out stop thief! and could not catch them; and we went up and searched the room where the prisoner used to live, as I knew him very well; there was a girl in the room, and she refused to open the door, and the watchman broke it open, and the girl was in bed, one bed on the top of her, and another under her, and we went and searched the house all over, and the next house, and could not find him; and then the watchman went and alarmed Mr. Hodge, and there were the things mentioned in the indictment on the side of the counter, and some halfpence on the top of the counter; we went again to his room at six o'clock in the morning, and found him in bed, in the same room where the two beds were; we took him to the watch-house, and afterwards had him up to the justice; there was nothing found about him.

How long had you known that man before? - He had lodged at our house some time.

What business is it your master carries on? - He keeps a chandler's shop.

How long have you lived with him? - Off and on, I believe, two years.

How many houses does he keep to let out in lodgings? - Seven up the court, and eight more, fifteen in all.

What is the price of a bed? - Sixpence, and sometimes a shilling.

How near was you to the prisoner when you first saw him? - I was eight yards from him.

How old are you? - I am eighteen.

Is there any lamp near where you first saw him? - There is one up the court, and one at the bottom of the court.

How was it you could see this man's face so as to know him? - I had a light, and they had a light, I saw him by their light; these two men came up the court, and passed e.

Did you speak to him? - I did not, but I know him very well; they used to call him Dan the Barber.

Prisoner. Was not you witness against two people last sessions? - Yes, I was.


I am a watchman.

Who called you this morning? - Francis Newman : I was calling out two o'clock; I met the prisoner in Newtoner's-lane; I was close to him, as we could pass one another; I saw him come out of the passage of one of Mr. Shaw's houses, and I held up my lanthorn to see who it was, and to look at him; I am sure it was the prisoner, I had known him before; I turned from thence to my box in Drury-lane, and was told there was somebody breaking one of my master's houses; and when I got as near as I am to you to see, I saw the prisoner coming out of Mr. Hodge's house; I saw him just coming out of the shop-door, neither in nor out; I had put my lanthorn out, and ran fast; I am sure it was the prisoner; the prisoner got a-head of me, and ran into one of the door-ways, as they are generally open that way, and I could not find him till six o'clock in the morning, when he was in bed.

Prisoner. Was not it a dark and rainy night? - It was dark, but it did not rain.

Court. What light was there? - A lamp was directly over the door.


I am a watchman; I was called by White at six o'clock in the morning.

Prisoner. This night, that they swear the shop was broke open, I was in bed; they came and searched my apartment all over, and went down again; they came up at half after six in the morning, and found me in bed; I got up very peaceably, and went with them; my wife awaked me the first time, and told me there were three watchmen, and a boy; I told them I had done nothing to be afraid of; and they came up again, at half after six, and took me out of bed: the prosecutor practises dog-stealing, him and one Cadwell havebeen tried for it both in town and country, and lives at this present time by buying and selling stolen goods, and in his cellar there you will find carcases of dogs; they boy is a notorious character; his master keeps fifteen or sixteen lodging-houses for common prostitutes, and it is his employment to light them up to bed: here are two watchmen, respectable characters indeed! but, my Lord, it is very wrong to swear a man's life away: the morning that they took me out of bed, gentlemen, says I, you have used my wife very ill; she told them to have patience, and she would open the door; and a man, who is not here now, struck her with the staff; they found nothing, on me; they found me doing nothing, even if I had been there coming out of the passage: Mr. Hodge, pray is not your house let out in tenements, inhabited by dustmen and chimney-sweepers, a house that is free for all sorts of people, comers and goers; I would wish to know whether they could distinguish one man from another in a dark lane; watchman, pray was there any the least implement, or any thing, found in my apartment? - Nothing in the least; you took care you did not bring it there; you went into another apartment first.

Prisoner. My Lord, I work for Mr. Battridge, an hair-dresser, in Golden-lane.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 28.)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

66. HENRY WALBURY , HENRY SMITH , and CHARLES SMITH , were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Fairman , about the hour of eight in the night, on the 8th of January , and burglariously and feloniously stealing therein one dimity gown, value 5 s. two dimity petticoats, value 3 s. three linen frocks, value 3 s. six linen frocks, value 1 s. a silk petticoat, value 5 s. two linen napkins, value 2 s. four linen clouts, value 12 d. four silk gowns, value 4 l. four linen gowns, value 40 s. four cotton gowns, value 40 s. one silver watch, value 40 s. a piece of baize, value 12 d. and a linen shift, value 6 d. the goods of Sarah Bearcroft .

They were indicted a second time for stealing the same goods, in the same dwelling-house, but not charging them with the burglary.


I live at No. 1, Helmet-court, in the Strand ; I am a bookbinder ; I keep the house; my house was broke open last Sunday; I went out, I and my sister, Sarah Bearcroft , at half past four in the afternoon, and returned about nine that evening; and when I returned, my family were very much alarmed; on inquiry, I found a portmanteau, belonging to my sister, was gone; it was kept in a side parlour; I did not observe any particular part of my house broke open; on inquiry, we found some of the goods where they were pawned.


I own the portmanteau; it was left at Mr. Fairman's, No. 1, Helmet-court, in the side parlour; there were all the things mentioned in the indictment in it; this day se'nnight I looked into my portmanteau, and saw them all there; I then put my watch, all my silver, and several other things, into the portmanteau, and locked up my trunk, and am certain it was there at half past four o'clock, Sunday afternoon last; and Sunday night, when I came home, it was gone, and the window belonging to the side parlour was lifted up; I am sure that when I went out the sash was shut down, I cannot pretend to say whether it was fastened down, but it was shut; I left my sister, and my three children, and her two children, when I went out, at home in the front parlour: some of the things were found at the pawnbrokers; I went and saw my gown.

- ROSELLE sworn.

I produce some property I took in of the young woman, Mary Rawlins , between oneand two o'clock, on Monday last; I asked her whose property they were; she told me they were her mother's: on Wednesday evening, about six o'clock, we received information that these goods were stolen, and I took them to Sir Sampson Wright's, in Bow-street, and they proved to be the property of one of the witnesses here. (Produced.)

Were those the same goods you received from Rawlins? - They are.


I pawned these things at Roselle's; I received them of the two brothers; I do not know their names; I was out when they brought them up, but I came in and saw them there; they brought them there on Sunday night; they did not say any thing to me on Sunday; it was at my lodgings; my husband brought them up; I asked them where they came from, and they made me no answer; I did not ask any more; the next day the other two young men came up, and asked me to pawn some of them, and took the things that were in the room to pawn; they desired me to do it; I pawned some things at Mr. Collings's, and I pawned another silk gown in Fleet-street, at Roselle's.

How came you to tell them they were things belonging to your mother? - I was told to say so by Smith.

What became of the money? - I laid it upon the table; I do not know who took it up; all three were there.


I am a pawnbroker; I live in Fleet-street; I have got a sattin gown and coat, which I received from Mary Rawlins ; I asked her if they were her own property; she told me they were; I have kept them ever since.


I was at Mrs. Wilkinson's house, being acquainted with her, on the night of Sunday the 8th of this month, about six in the evening; I saw the trunk in the passage of the house where the prisoner Walbury lodges, in Portsmouth-street, Lincoln's-inn-fields; he was there, and two others; but as to the others I do not know them, nor could know them; I did not ask any questions about it; I put my hand to it and found it weighty, I could not raise it; I have never seen it since.

Were there any letters on the trunk? - I did not take notice so much.


On the 11th of this month I went with the prosecutor's landlord to No. 15, Portsmouth-street; it was Walbury's lodgings and Mary Rawlins , they lived as man and wife; when we went there, I went up one pair of stairs, and the door was tied with a bit of string on the outside; I went in, and there was not any one person in the room: I searched the room, and in a little hole in the chimney-piece I found this picklock; I went from thence to No. 8, Burleigh-street, Exeter-'change; up two pair of stairs lives one Mrs. Bourne, who is aunt to Mary Rawlins ; there I saw Mary Rawlins , sitting by the fire in her aunt's room; I then asked her where Walbury was; she said, if I would stay a few minutes, she expected him up stairs in a moment; he came, and I took him into custody; in the room I found this box (produced), the key of which Mary Rawlins gave me herself out of her pocket, and in it I found a quantity of property, as in the indictment; I then went up to Bow-street, and on the prisoner I took a shirt from his back, which the gentlewoman says is her property, and the prosecutor swore to the property in the box; I apprehended the other two, but there was nothing found on them; I apprehended them all within an hour and half; the boy , Henry Smith , we met in the street, and the other we found at a public-house.


I live in Burleigh-street, No. 8; the young woman brought the box to me, and said she would stop all day; Mary Rawlins and the runners came after her.


On the 9th of January, about three in the afternoon, I took in a gown from theprisoner Charles Smith ; I gave him 3 s. 6 d. upon it; I have kept it ever since.

JOHN BALL sworn.

I am a pawnbroker, Drury-lane; I have a gown, pawned for 10 s. brought to me by Rawlins; she said she brought it from one Mrs. More, Russel-court.


Mary Rawlins pledged this cloak with me the 11th of January.

(The things deposed to.)

Sarah Bearcroft . I know nothing of the box; mine was a long hair trunk, with two handles, and one of them loose; there was no part of the window broke; at this window, belonging to this parlour, they broke a piece of the window taking out the box.

HENRY WALBURY , (Aged 22,) CHARLES SMITH , (Aged 26,)

GUILTY , Death .


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

67. JAMES HANSLOWE was indicted for making an assault, on the King's highway, on Edward Cody , and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 18 s. a watch with inside case and outside case made of silver, value 30 s. a silk ribbon watch-chain, value 1 d. a metal seal, value 2 d. a man's hat, value 3 s. and twelve shillings in money, the goods of the said Edward Cody .

(The witnesses examined separate, by the prisoner's desire.)


On the 18th of December last, in Parker's-street , between eleven and twelve at night, I lost a pair of shoe buckles (silver), a silver watch, twelve shillings in money, and a hat; I was going into a public-house, and Hanslowe being in the passage, asked me if I would sell my buckles; I said, I have no objection; and he asked me if I would shew them to him; I said, there they are in my hand; with that, he says, give them me; says I, I will not; he comes up, and makes a grab at them; another comes up directly, and hits me on the head; then a woman comes up, beginning to pull and drag me about; then they pushed me out into the street, and this James Hanslowe robbed me of my buckles; I had put my buckles into my pocket again, but he made me let go my hold, and pulled out a knife, and cut me in both my hands, and cut me up here in the jaw, and gave me several stabs on both sides my head; they left me in a poor condition; I halloo'd out to the watchmen several times; at last they came, and I gave him up to them: here is some of your handy works coming out now (turning to the prisoner), here is my shirt I had on that day, all bloody; the watchman took charge of him, and brought him to St. Giles's watch-house.

Did he offer to run away? - He did not offer to run away; the two others made off, but he could not go, he was kept; I held him; he could not cut me out of him.

Then the only person you got hold of was the prisoner? - Yes, and he was carried to the watch-house, St. Giles's; I went to the watch-house with him; I never found a pennyworth again; nothing at all was found on the prisoner.

When had you looked at your watch before you came into this fray? - I cannot safely say; I had my watch and money, and buckles, and all, in my pocket, a minute before this happened.

How came you to be in this Parker's-lane this time of night? - I was coming from Drury-lane, and I was going into this house to get a pint of beer to nourish me, as I was passing by; I had no companion with me.

Was this house a house that you had used to frequent? - No, never was in the housebefore, nor in the street, to my knowledge.

How came you to have these buckles in your pocket? - When I was coming to London, I had my buckles in my shoes the Sunday before that, and I never thought of it till I had come to London; I live at East-Ham.

Where was you going in Parker's-street? - I was coming up to Gunpowder-alley, No. 5, to see an acquaintance of mine.

Had you no buckles in your shoes then? - Yes, I had what I wear every day; but in the morning I did not know that my silver buckles were in my pocket till I came out part of the way; when I came to the watch-house, the watchmen carried me to the hospital; I had never seen the man before, to my knowledge.

Did he appear, when he spoke to you, to be drunk or sober? - He seemed to be sober; and I was quite sober, no way in liquor at all.

Prisoner. I have several questions to ask him: pray, Sir, did not you come into this house with a disorderly woman? - I did not.

Can you swear to my taking the buckles out of your hand? - I can.

Did not you swear that you offered the buckles to several people in the house, before the justice? - I did not.

Now mind what you are at: Did not you say first to the landlord, will you take these buckles into pawn for the reckoning for me and my wife? - I did not say such a word.

Court to Prisoner. Would you ask him any thing else? - Prisoner. Ask him! it is of no use to ask him, he had his tale all ready before he came. Pray did not you say, when you catcht me hold by the collar, d - n your eyes, I will have satisfaction of you for the money? - I did not.


I am a watchman: on the 18th of December I heard this man call the watch, and I heard the cry of watch! and murder! it was about half after eleven o'clock, as nigh as I can guess.

What was this cry in Parker's-street, Drury-lane? - It was; I was in Cross-lane; I went as fast as I could to them, and the prisoner gave the first charge; and I saw this man all over bloody: I took them both to the watch-house, and the prosecutor gave me charge of the prisoner; the prisoner only gave charge, but did not say for what; the prosecutor charged him with robbing him of a pair of buckles, some silver, a watch, and a hat; he had no hat on; I only took them both to the watch-house, and took the prosecutor to the Middlesex hospital by order of the watch-house-keeper; I went for him next day to the hospital, to take him to the office.

Did you, on the prisoner being charged by the prosecutor, search him? - We did, but found nothing on him but some silver in his pocket.

Prisoner. Did not I tell you that I gave charge of this man when you came first up? - Yes, you did.


I was going home to my lodgings: this man, that swears so false against me, was in Parker's-lane; there was a mob with him; and he met me, and says immediately, d - n your eyes, you are one of them; by Jasus, I will hang you, for the sake of the money; and he got hold of me, and entangled me by the shirt, and I called the watch; and when the watch came up, says I, this man has interrupted me; by Jasus, says he, I am almost murdered, and have been robbed; and they took me to the watch-house with him; and they searched me, and found nothing on me.

Prisoner to Prosecutor. Which way did I take your buckles and watch? - I cannot swear you took the watch, but I can the buckles.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 21.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

68. THOMAS BROWN was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breakingand entering the dwelling-house of Roger Bitten , about the hour of seven in the night, on the 28th of December , and feloniously and burglariously stealing therein one wooden box, value 2 s. two linen shirts, value 12 s. two silk gowns, value 28 s. a pair of stays, value 16 s. a sattin cloak, value 1 l. 1 s. a cotton gown, value 8 s. a man's cloth coat, value 5 s. a man's cloth waistcoat, value 3 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 1 s. another pair, value 1 s. four muslin neck handkerchiefs, value 1 s. a linen neck handkerchief, value 1 s. two muslin caps, value 1 s. twelve linen night-caps, value 1 s. a pair of dimity pockets, value 6 d. a child's woollen blanket, value 6 d. three child's linen frocks, value 6 d. two child's dimity petticoats, value 6 d. and one black silk petticoat, value 4 s. the goods of the said Roger Bitten .

(The witnesses examined separate, by the prisoner's desire.)


I am wife of Roger Bitten , White-horse court, Sun-street, Bishopsgate-street ; he is a gentleman's coachman , a lodger; two more lodge in the same house; it is one of Mr. Bligh's houses; he lets it out in tenements to different persons, he does not live there, nor any of his family; I have the ground-floor; nobody else lives on the ground-floor, except me and my husband, and a child two years and one month old; I had been out to work on the 28th of December, about three o'clock in the afternoon, and when I came home I found the staple drawn; I had left nobody in the apartment; I am sure I padlocked the door; I returned home about a quarter after eight in the evening; nobody else had the key of the padlock besides me; when I returned I found the padlock taken of; I am sure the staple was firmly fixed when I left home; I went into my room, and found the shutter open on the outside that was bolted inside with two bolts, and the sash wide open; I am certain it was fast when I left the room; I did not perceive any marks of violence; it had been opened from the inside, and not from the out; a deal box was missing, and two silk gowns, one cotton gown, one suit of black clothes, &c. a good many of them were found in the box afterwards; the things had been taken out of two boxes, and one drawer, to the amount of 7 l. many are here; I saw them after they were found; the prisoner's mother lodged with me, in my apartment; he has been at sea; he used to come to his mother almost every day; she had been fetched out on the Monday before, to nursing; we all lived in one room; the robbery was Wednesday night; the prisoner lodged at Mrs. Williams's, Long-alley, where the property was found.


I live in Long-alley, No. 6; my husband keeps a coal-shed; I know the man at the bar; he lodged with me about a fortnight, and he told me he had left his box at Blackwall, as he had come from sea, and should bring his box in about a week; on the 28th of December he brought a box, and said he had brought his box; it was half an hour past nine at night; he went out directly, and staid an hour; he went out in the morning at eleven, or half after, and never came in till he brought the box; I lighted him up with it; I will take my oath it was the same he brought in that the officers took away about half past eleven; I am sure.

Court to Mrs. Williams. What time did he go away from you that night? - He went home at half past nine on my telling him that his mother had been there.

Did he return that night? - He came in again about half past ten, and the men came at eleven, and while we were talking to him, I believe he ran out, for he did not lay at home that night, and when the men came up to look for the box, he was gone, and had left his shoes and stockings behind him.


I have an apartment in White-horse court, Sun-street; I live with Mr. Lovegrove, No. 45, Mansell-street, Goodman's-fields; I went to Long-alley about eleveno'clock, the 28th of December; I had heard of the robbery; my wife told me when I came home; I sleep at home; it was Sarah Williams 's house; the prisoner was not there; I went up to the prisoner's apartment, and two men and a girl, and afterwards Sarah Williams , came up, and I found this box; it is my box, I am very clear of it; I took it away the next morning; after that night Mrs. Williams did not know whether I was right or wrong; I went about half past nine the next morning, and took the box away with me, with an officer; there was in it a suit of black clothes of mine, and other things, which my wife knows better than I.

Court to Williams. Are you sure that is the box that was in the prisoner's room? - - I will take my oath that is the box; and nobody lodged or had any thing in the room but himself.

JOHN KING sworn.

I am a constable; I went to Long-alley on the 29th of December, early, about half past nine, and found this box in the prisoner's apartment; the prisoner was not there; I found the prisoner in Leadenhall-street that day about eleven o'clock, and searched him, and found fifteen shillings in silver, this knife, and this key. (Produced.) Bitten said it was his key; he had had it twenty years, he knew. (Shewed to Bitten, and deposed to.) It unlocks the box exceeding well.

Court to Mary Bitten . Was that box in your house on the 28th of December? - It was.

What was in it? - Two silk gowns, worth 1 l. one cotton gown, worth 8 s. a sattin cloak, worth 1 l. a pair of stays and two linen shirts, worth 10 s. besides a coat, waistcoat, and breeches.

Are you sure all the things in the box are your husband's property? - I am; I am certain they were all in my house when I went out; and, besides, I know the box.


I live in Sun-street, the other side of the way to Mr. Bitten's: at half past seven I went for my lodger's shirt, to Mrs. Bitten; I saw a light, and called for the shirt, and the light was blown out directly; I did not see who was in the room, but I heard somebody's feet scrape across the floor; I felt if the padlock was on, and it was not; and I tried to unlatch the door, and I could not; there was no staple on neither.


The box that I took into the house a man has had it here these three days, but he is not here this morning; and the key that was taken from me was the key that unlocks that box; I have no witnesses now; they have been here these three days.

GUILTY , Death . (Aged 19.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

69. EDWARD COX was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 3d of January , thirteen yards of flannel, value 13 s. eight yards of check linen, value 8 s. nine linen pocket-handkerchiefs, value 5 s. one half-yard of kerseymere, value 4 s. five yards of stuff, value 5 s. and one yard and a half of calico, value 3 s. the goods of Samuel Whitney .


I am the wife of Samuel Whitney ; I live at West-Ham, in Essex: on the 3d of January I lost thirteen yards of flannel, in two pieces, eight yards and a half of check, six pocket-handkerchiefs in a piece, two ditto in a piece, and one single, five yards of dark brown stuff, one yard and a half of calico in a waistcoat-piece, and one half-yard of kerseymere; I had them all packed in one parcel at Mr. Horne's, Minories, where I purchased them, and directed to be left at Mr. Simms's, the White-hart and Tobacco-pipes, Whitechapel, where I had a cart; my little boy and I went there, and these things were put into the cart; I saw them in, and my little boy was driving me down: rather this side of the bell-founder's,in Whitechapel , I felt the cart rather tilt up; I turned round, and I saw the prisoner at at the bar and another man on the tail of the cart; the prisoner at the bar had hold of the parcel, and the other took it of him, and made off towards the left-hand side of the way; he stood about a yard distance, at the tail of the cart, and looked at me very wishfully, and I cried out, I am ruined, I am ruined; and as the people came about me, the prisoner at the bar made off, and I immediately turned the cart, and made off to the Rotation-office; I described the prisoner at the bar, and went home; and I had not been home above half an hour before I was sent for to the Rotation-office; I went, and the gentlemen of the Rotation-office took me to the watch-house, and the prisoner at the bar was put before me, and I then said it was the man; I never found my property again; I had never seen the prisoner before, but that night the lamps were light, and the moon was very bright.

Is he the same person, on your oath? - He is the very same man; I am quite sure, I have not the least doubt of it.


How old are you, my little man? - I am little better than thirteen.

Do you know the nature of an oath? - Yes.

What will happen to you, if you should happen to swear any thing that is not true? - I shall go to hell.


Was you with Mrs. Whitney? - I was; I drove the cart: as I was driving off the stones, my mother said, there are some boys behind the cart; I looked round, and saw this man get off the tail-board of the cart; I had a full view of his face; then he stood about three minutes, looking at us; I looked at him all the while the cart was standing, and my mother called out she was robbed, and a little boy came up and told her there had been two people behind the cart; this was directly as the man was run off; I had seen one on the tail-board before the little boy came up; then they told me to turn the horse round, and stop at the Rotation-office, where she gave information, and we came home; and she went again back that night, and I went with her.

Jury. Had your cart a tilt upon it? - No.

Court. Did you see any body that night? Yes, I saw him at the watch-house.

Now be cautious, and speak not rashly; did you, when you saw him at the watch-house, was you sure it was the same man, or did you believe it because other people said so? - I know him from his own person.

Mr. Garrow. Before you went, a gentleman came to tell you the man was taken? - Yes, we went to him into the watch-house.

And the man was brought to you; and the man you expected to see was brought to you?

Jury. We consider it only as the evidence of a child, Mr. Garrow, and you should not try to draw things from him.

Mr. Garrow. There was no intention to draw any thing from him but what is the truth; you do me great injustice to suppose me capable of doing any such thing; but it is my duty, and the duty of every one else, to get at the fact: however, gentlemen, it is in your hands, and much good may come of it.

Court. When you went into the watch-house where he was, was any body else in the watch-house? - Yes, I picked him out; he was not shewn to me.


I know no more than apprehending the prisoner; Mrs. Whitney came to the office about half after five, and said she had been robbed, and I took the prisoner according to her description; the description she gave was, of a man in a white jacket, much about my own size; I went into a house where there are a parcel of people come, and I took him, and I kept him for Mrs. Whitney's coming, and then I went away.

Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel; Mr. Nash knows me never to wear a white jacket, and he has known me two years.

Court to Nash. Had he a white jacket on that night? - No, it was a white coat; I never saw him in a white jacket.

(The prisoner called one witness to his character.)

GUILTY . (Aged 22.)

Imprisoned three months in Newgate , and publicly whipped .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

70. JOHN DAVIS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 20th of December , one bearing iron bar, value 2 s. and ten iron rails, value 8 s. from Islington church-yard , the property of the Rev. Mr. Strahan , rector of the parish .

He was charged in a second count, laying it to be the property of Thomas Beard , Thomas Pemberton , and Thomas Johnson , the churchwarden s of the said parish.

He was charged in a fourth count, laying it to be the property of the parishioners.

He was charged in a fifth count, laying it to be the property of persons unknown.

(The witnesses examined separate, by the prisoner's desire.)


I am a watchman in the parish of St. Mary, Islington: betwixt five and six in the evening I went upon duty, as a private watchman, by the order of the gentlemen; and when I came there, I found part of the property gone from the tomb; this was on the 20th, the Tuesday evening before Christmas-day; I found part of the iron railing gone, and I went and spoke to the person that watched the evening before; they were gone from the tomb the East part of the church; the tomb is not connected with the church, as I know of, but it is not far off; the other man told me it was safe yesterday and this afternoon; I went back immediately, and my partner, Henry Tramble , with me; and these iron rails brought here now were standing; and I stood a little distance, and saw a single man come into the yard, and he stood and looked over the gate, but did not go through; the first that came touched nothing at all, but went back again, and then two men came in, and took hold of the property, and tore it up; they tored up the iron-work out of the stones; they took up one bearing iron bar and ten iron rails; this was all that were left at the tomb, the rest were taken away at other times; afterwards they went away and left it, and I got from my place where I was, and found the property not gone; I went to Mr. Manton (they went into Cross-street), to acquaint him of it, the house adjoining the church-yard, and Henry Tramble came to my assistance; I came back again, Henry stood in the church-yard, and then I went to the tomb, and then they came from Cross-street, and the prisoner and another came and took the iron-work up, and took it away; it was the same two men as pulled it up; I had no lights but the lamps in the church-yard, they stand back and front; I let them go a little way, and then got out of my place; the first man had nothing, and I came between them, and the prisoner threw them down on a grave, on the side of the foot-path; he ran away, and I after him; I found he got ground of me, and I struck him; he ran down the Lower-street into Cross-street, and there I lost sight of him for the space of a minute; Mr. Manton, the beadle, took him, and I saw him in his hands.

Now, with the little light you had, did you see his face? - I did not; his back was to me when he had the property; I did not see his face till after he was taken.

As you lost sight of the man, and did not see his face, how can you venture to swear that the man that was in the hands of Manton was the man you saw with the property? - Mr. Manton stood in the Cross-street; I did not see his face.


I was churchwarden of the parish; Thomas Pemberton and Thomas Johnson were the other churchwardens; we have theletting of the tombs, and when they are put up they have no right to take them away without leave from the Commons; while they are up, we consider them as under our care.


I am a watchman; Thompson called me out of my house to come and assist him in securing the prisoner; directly after, there was a whistle given; I run round, and sees the prisoner run very hastily along the bottom of the yard, and went out through the posts towards the Lower-street, and about ten yards from the posts Thompson struck the prisoner on the head, but not so hard as to hurt him much; I did not lose him; I followed him; and directly as I came up, Mr. Manton had got him; Mr. Manton was standing just at the corner of a field, going down to Cannonbury-fields; from the time I first saw him it was not above two minutes before he was taken, for he ran very violent and fast, and I ran up to Manton immediately.

Had you observed his face? - I had not seen his face till the time I came up to the corner; he had a white jacket on, with sleeves; I did not see any person there, except the prisoner; I did not see him throw any thing down, I only saw this man running hastily out of the church-yard, and the watchman after him; and when I came up to him, he appeared almost so out of breath, he could hardly speak; the last witness followed him as fast as he could, but by calling out stop thief he was winded.

Did you pursue the same man as Thompson did? - I did, and the same man is the prisoner.

Court to Thompson. Were there any blows passed between you and the man? - Only I struck him once; the prisoner was the foremost man, and the man that threw the things down, and the man that I struck; when I pursued, Tramble pursued too, and ran quicker than I did; I was quite spent by running and hallooing.

- MANTON sworn.

I am the beadle; about six o'clock I heard the cry of stop thief! and I saw the prisoner running, and I ran about thirty yards, and caught him, from where I first saw him; he appeared to have ran as far as he could run; he was very much agitated; I delivered him to Harry Tramble , and Tramble said that was the man.


Last Tuesday three weeks I was at work for Mr. Royston, in Islington; between eight and nine in the morning, one Dunlock, seeing me at work, asked me to take a walk with him; I went out with him, and in the evening afterwards I was going up to the Coach and Horses, across Islington, to see a person that was to help me to another job; these two men came and laid hold of me, and dragged me about as if I was the dirt under their feet; please you, my Lord, I am as innocent as you yourself.

GUILTY . (Aged 19.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

(The case reserved for the Judges.)

71. MARGARET GEARY was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 7th of January , in the dwelling-house of Paul Chadwick , Esq ; a Bank-note, value 50 l. the property of the said Paul Chadwick .


I live in Sloane-street, Knightsbridge, St. Luke's, Chelsea ; I keep a house there; I missed the note the 7th of this month, a 50 l. Bank-note, out of my bureau; it was locked; but I left my keys one night in a lower drawer, about eight days; I had the Bank-note there since the beginning of December; I cannot be certain to the number of it; the constable has it.


I am the constable: on Saturday, the 7th of this month, Mr. Chadwick sent for me, and I went and searched his two servants;and Margaret Geary spoke something to Mr. Sadgrove, that was the man that came to fetch me, while I was searching the manservant, and he followed her out; and soon after they came in, and brought me in this little book (a book produced), and the note was tied up in it; I have kept it ever since.

What conversation had there been about the note? - I did not hear any thing.

- SADGROVE sworn.

On the 7th of January Mr. Chadwick came to me, and desired me to step with him, for he was ruined; immediately I went with him, and Mr. Chadwick took me to Mr. Bond, and he granted a search-warrant; Mr. Bond said to me, run and see if you can find a constable; I immediately ran to Chelsea, Sloane-street, Sloane-square; I found Mr. Burridge, and begged of him to come up with me to Justice Bond; Mr. Bond produced the warrant, and he says to me, Sadgrove, I advise you to go with the constable, and see it served; and so I went with the constable to Mr. Chadwick's house, and Mr. Chadwick was in the garden when I came; and he came, and we went into the fore-parlour together; and then the constable came, and knocked at the door afterwards; and then Mr. Chadwick had his servants into the room; and after the maid had come up, he said he had missed, or lost, I cannot tell which, a Bank-note of 50 l. and he had a search-warrant, and there was the constable, and that they must both he searched; the constable began on the man-servant first; he pulled off his coat, he searched it all over, and then his waistcoat, I believe, and then his stockings, and he was searching them; and by this time the maid-servant was disposed, as I understood her, either to speak to me, or her master; I immediately took more notice of her, and comprehended that she wanted to speak with Mr. Chadwick; I turned about to the prisoner, and said, what, do you know any thing of this? she said faintly, yes, I have got it; Mr. Chadwick and I and she went into the passage; she immediately fell on her knees when Mr. Chadwick came out, and gave me a little book; and Mr. Chadwick went and told the constable, to prevent his searching any further, and he came out, and I delivered this book with the note.

Did you open the book before you gave it to Mr. Chadwick? - I cannot say.

Did you see it opened? - Yes.

What was in it? - A 50 l. Bank-note; I delivered it to the constable.

Court to Constable. In what condition was the book delivered to you? - Tied up.

When was it opened? - Immediately, in the parlour; the 50 l. Bank-note was in it; I have kept it ever since.

(The Bank-note read by the Clerk.)


I cleaned the room out with a flannel, and under the bureau I took out this note with the flannel, and I put it into my pocket; I cannot read or write, nor I did not know, it was a Bank-note, and so I did not know in consequence that it was different from other paper; I never heard it inquired for till my master called me up from my work, and then shut the door; I was quite thunderstruck to see the gentleman and the constable in the parlour; when my master asked me about a 50 l. note, a 50 l. note, Sir! replied I; directly it struck me it must be that that I had put in my pocket; on that, I spoke to Mr. Sadgrove; he looked at me, and nodded at my master, and they both followed me out into the passage; and I told them I did not keep it with an intent to steal it; and therefore I put my hand into my pocket, and asked them if that was the note; says I, please to look at it.

Court to Chadwick. Was the book yours? - No, it was the maid's.

Court to Prisoner. How long have you lived with your master? - Seven months.

(Mr. Chadwick gave her a good character, having had a character with her of three years and a half when he took her, and having not the least suspicion of her being bad inclined, but very ignorant, and he did not know as she could write, havingnever received any wages of him, nor signed any receipt.

GUILTY, Death .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

( Recommended to mercy by the Jury and the Prosecutor, who promised, if permitted, to take care himself to send her to Swansea, in Wales, her own country .)

72. JOHN SEYBRETT was indicted stealing, on the 16th of December , a pair of stays, value 5 s. a silk jacket, value 5 s. two silk petticoats, value 8 s. a silk cloak, value 2 s. and various other articles , the goods of Elizabeth Staker .


I live in Gower's-walk, No. 3, Whitechapel ; I am a lodger; I lost my apparel on the 16th of December; I missed them at eleven o'clock, from my chamber; it was two pair of stairs; I mentioned it next morning to the landlord of the house, Mr. Cooke, that I lost these things; the prisoner works in the house, a taylor .


I was the next-door neighbour partly; Mrs. Staker desired me to go with her, and take the prisoner, at his master's house; afterwards he owned where the property was; it was moved as far as Gun-street, Spitalfields; the prisoner at the bar went with me to the house, and in a back room up one pair of stairs he gave me the property off the tester of the bed; he first of all took down two towels, and then the rest of the things tied up in a towel. (Produced.)


Mrs. Staker lodges in my house, and the prisoner worked in my house.

Mrs. Staker. I had the things delivered into my care at the justice's, and have kept them ever since.

(The things deposed to.)


I was going into the yard, and saw these things on the tiles, and there was a man, jumped over the tiles; I picked them up, and I thought I would play the rogue with with them: when they were asked for, I delivered up the things safe.

The prisoner called, for his character,

Mr. Cooke. He has worked for me a year and nine months; he is about nineteen; he never wronged me of any thing, to the best of my knowledge.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

( Recommended to mercy by the Jury .)

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months in the house of correction .

73. WILLIAM SAUNDERS was indicted for stealing, on the 19th of December last, one tin canister, value 2 d. and two pounds weight of tea, value 5 s. the property of Daniel Clissall , privily in his shop .


I am wife to Daniel Clissall , a grocer ; I was not in the shop at the time the property was taken; I only prove the property.


I am a patrol: on the 19th of December, coming up Drury-lane , I saw two men near this shop; I thought they looked like suspicious people; in five minutes one of the men opened the door, and went into the shop, and took the canister out of the house; I stopped them in the street, and asked them what they had, and they said, nothing; with that the prisoner threw the canister from under his arm into the street; he turned round short, and began to run, and I stopped him; I picked up the canister and brought it back into the shop, and left it with Mrs. Clissall. (Produced and deposed to.) It is four-shilling green tea; there is 2 lb. and a half.


I was coming by, and a man came out of the shop and threw down the tea, and they took me in a mistake; I am innocent.

( James Eldin , a cook and confectioner, who had known him from an infant, and with whom he was apprentice , gave him a very good character.)

GUILTY of stealing, but not privately .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

Mr. Eldin. My Lord, the prisoner will be very happy in going for a soldier.

Court. If I was sure of his going; but I understand applications have been made of that sort, the Court have indulged them, and they have not gone.

Eldin. My Lord, I will be bound in 500 l. that I will see him safely secured to the officer before he leaves his confinement; and more than that, I have spoken to an officer; this day or tomorrow morning he shall be taken.

74. ROBERT SURRIN was indicted for stealing, on the 6th of January , 70 lb. weight of lead, value 5 s. belonging to Catherine Ratcliff , spinster , affixed to her dwelling-house .


I am a private gentleman: I had a letter directed to me down in Kent, upon which I came to town last Tuesday, the 9th; Catharine Ratcliff rents a house of me; I went upon the top of the roof of her house, and I looked at it, and found it almost unroofed, and likewise over the garret and gutter lead; at the Rotation-office the next day I saw the prisoner committed.


I am brother to Catherine Ratcliff ; she rents the house; I lodge there: on the 6th of January, near twelve o'clock at night, I was going to bed, and heard a noise in the next house, a very great rumbling; I said, there is somebody in the next house a-thieving, and I heard the talking; there might be four or five, by the talking; I supposed them to be up stairs, for the noise of the talking came from the top of the house; I went and alarmed Mr. Lack, a baker; I came into my house again, and jumped off a wall ten or twelve feet high, and stood in order to prevent them running away; one Smith came with a light, and we went into one of the houses; we went and rummaged there, and saw nothing of them; then we came to the house next our house, and the first thing we found a great piece of lead rolled up in the yard, ready to carry away; then we went into the shop, and there was another piece rolled up; then we looked round, and found the prisoner under the stair-case, concealed, with his head right in under the stairs; we hauled him out; we had no means to get him but by breaking the door, because the door was locked; I broke the door open with my stick; he was in the shop, and the shop-door goes into the street; he had nothing about him; and then I had him committed: I saw another man get off our house into an empty house; I went all over the houses, and our house; there is a piece taken off the dormer window of the garret; the other two houses were entirely stripped; I tried one of the pieces of lead, and it fitted that garret-window; it was measured; I was present; here is a garden-pot stand, which stood on the lead, and there is the mark of it on the lead; the lead was carried up to the watch-house by the constable; I believe it to be the same now as was taken from the house; the mark of the garden-pot stand is on it now.


I am a plumber: I went to these houses with Mr. Ratcliff on Wednesday, the day we went before the magistrate, and there was a piece of lead missing off the dormer window; I am well satisfied this is the lead; I compared it, and it fitted exactly; there was a bit of lead nailed where they have torn it away; I took the pot-stand, and tried,and am very positive it came from this place.

Prisoner. I would only ask this gentleman, whether, when he found me, I was not asleep, and in liquor; and whether I did not say that it was an empty house, and I had no money to pay for my lodging, and I found the door open.

Court to William Ratcliff . How do you think he got into the house? - No way but by getting over a wall ten or twelve feet high; that is Esquire Maddox's house.

Was the lead found in the same house in which he was, or in the adjoining house? - In the same house where he was; one piece was not above five or six feet from him: not one house is inhabited in the whole buildings, except my sister's.

Prisoner. I want to ask him whether he found any property on me.

GUILTY . (Aged 36.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

75. JOHN STUDLEY was indicted for feloniously assaulting David Smith , on the King's highway, on the 10th of January , and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a glass bottle, value 2 d. and a pint of Lisbon wine, value 16 d. the goods of David Smith .


I work in the wine trade : last Tuesday night I was going from my master's Piccadilly, to Spital-square, for three dozen of wine; I pitched it at the corner of Brown-street, Seven-dials , and unfortunately a hackney-coach passing by knocked my hamper down off the pitching-block; I took up the hamper, and went into a public-house to see what was broke, and there was only one broke; I took my hamper out again, to take it on the pitching-block, to put it on my head; the prisoner came to help me on with it, under a pretence, and he picked out some of the bottles, but I could not tell how many then, till I counted them; I took one from him, which I have here now; the hamper was tied down with cords, but no cover; he took another out, but I took the first from him, and he told me he would knock me down if I would not let him have it, and I seized him by the collar and called for assistance, and two constables seized him: there were two bottles more that I could not find; there was another with him.

You say there was one other with him; where did you see the other first? - In the public-house where I went in; he helped me up too; I catched hold of this; he escaped.


On Tuesday, about five o'clock, I heard a man calling out, Murder, and thieves! they were robbing him at the corner of Hog-lane; I ran up, and saw the prosecutor get hold of the prisoner, with the wine-bottle in his hand; I took the wine from him, and took the prisoner before the magistrate.


I was drinking where this man was; I went out; he said, my friend, will you let me have a hand; I did; his hamper fell down again; he turned himself about, and said, I wish your head broke, you d - n'd rascal; you want to rob me: I was paid off the Ardent.

GUILTY of stealing, but not of the highway robbery .

Imprisoned three months in the house of correction , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

76. ANN RIDING, alias DAW , was indicted for stealing, on the 14th of December , four pewter pint pots, value 2 s. the goods of Isaac Venys .


I keep the Carpenters-arms, No. 9, James-street, Oxford-road ; I lost some pint pots.


I am servant to Mr. Venys; I was standing at my master's door, and I saw the prisoner take up the pots.

(Produced, and deposed to by the name.)

Brown. I was going out to help my fellow-servant; I know the pots were missing.

Prisoner. I frequently had a pint of beer in the evening at this door; I had had a pint, and had got the pint pot in my hand, and the boy took up three, and ran and called to his master, and said I had taken the pots, and the master ran after me.

GUILTY . (Aged 25.)

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned one month .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

77. MARY BEVAN was indicted for stealing, on the 10th of January , two pint pewter pots, value 10 d. the property of Peter Hill .


I am a publican , at the Marlborough-arms, Thornhaw-street, near Gower-street ; I swear to the pint pots.


I was at the kitchen window, and saw the prisoner come into the passage, and take the pots out; I followed her, and saw her throw the pots under a gate-way; I took her to Mr. Hill's.

(The pots deposed to.)

Prisoner. I am not guilty.


Privately whipped , and discharged.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

78. JOHN CLEE was indicted for stealing, on the 5th of January , three quart pewter pots, value 4 s. the property of Peter Hill .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)


Confined six months in the house of correction , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

79. JOHN STRINGER was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of December , three pieces of woollen cloth, and other things, value 2 l. 18 s. the property of Robert Smart .


I live in Denmark-street ; I am a taylor ; on the 13th of December I missed the things in the indictment; I fancy they were taken on Sunday the 11th; the prisoner served the latter part of his time with me, two years, and rather better; the things were in a box, which was under a board where I cut out on; the box was locked; the constable took the key out of his pocket; the constable has the things.


On the 13th of December I took the prisoner, with the things.

(The things deposed to.)

Prisoner. I have nothing to say.


(He was recommended by the Prosecutor .)

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months in the house of correction .

80. THOMAS WATKINS was indicted for stealing, on the 19th of December ,5 lb. of mutton, value 12 d. and 8 lb. of beef, value 2 s. the property of Benjamin Rogers .


I live in Newton-street, High Holborn ; I am a butcher ; I lost some mutton and beef on the 19th of December, between nine and ten at night; I lost two breasts of mutton; they were laid down on the stall-board for sale; I had seen them not five minutes before; they were worth 18 d. at least; there was a piece of a loin and a piece of a leg, and two pieces of beef; I got the mutton again, in about ten minutes, in the prisoner's apartment; I ran to fetch my boy, and when I returned, all my meat was gone; one of the Bow-street officers came down the street; I told him; and by information I went to the prisoner's apartment with this Jacobs; he was coming down stairs; says I, Mr. Watkins, I was looking for you (they told me his name was Watkins); I found the meat under the bed and the chair; but the people in the street said, d - n his eyes, let his bloody tripe out, and I ran down; I was afraid they would have hurt him; the prisoner was taken afterwards to the watch-house; he had a large knife in his pocket; I can swear to the mutton and beef; the piece of beef was sold, and chopped; and the loin was cut remarkably.


I am a watchman; I took the prisoner at the White-hart, in Newtoner's-lane; he was standing in the tap-room; I did not see him drink; in his pocket I found a long knife, open, what we call a case knife.

Prisoner. I know nothing of it.


Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

[Transportation. See summary.]

81. JOHN LEECH was indicted for stealing, on the 9th of December , a cloth great coat, value 2 s. the property of William Grant .


I lost a great coat out of Mrs. Raymond's (a baker's) shop, at Hadley , on the 9th of December; I am her servant ; I heard a cry that a man had run away with a loaf; it was about a quarter past five; I caught him with this great coat under his left arm; it is my coat; I pulled it off about an hour before.

Prisoner. Two men were running by me, and they dropped a coat, and I picked it up.


To be fined 1 s. and passed to his parish.

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

82. FRANCIS STEVENS was indicted for stealing, on the 29th of December , 200 lb. weight of paper, value 30 s. the property of Sir Elisha Vanneck , Bart. three pair of copper plated candlesticks, value 10 s. one pair of silver ditto, value 5 l. a silver wine funnel, value 10 s. a silver bread-basket, value 4 l. two silver coffee-pots, value 10 l. twenty silver table-spoons, value 10 l. twelve silver desert-spoons, value 5 l. and various other things, value 7 l. 9 s. the property of Maximilian Chershott , Esq ;


I am a cheesemonger: the prisoner applied to me, and asked me if I bought waste paper; I told him I did; the first I bought of him was in the month of November; I bought of him four or five times; he shewed me some of it; I bought to the amount of 2 or 300 lb. weight; I asked him whose property it was; he said he was sent by Mr. Hibbet's butler, that his master had given it to him; part of the paper I have kept; it stood publicly in the shop; I could distinguish this, because these are in books, and the rest are all news-papers, or quite different. (Produced.) The last purchase was not long before Christmas.


I am clerk in the counting-house of Sir Joshua Vanneck : on the 4th of January, a gentleman called from Sir Sampson Wright 's, with a book, to know if I knew any thing of it; I believe his name is Davis; on examining the book, I found it was the writing of the late Sir Joshua, the father of the present Sir Joshua: we get into the counting-house out of a stable-yard, and adjoining to the counting-house is a coach-house, and over the coach-house is this room where the books were deposited; there is no room over the counting-houses; the room over the coach-house was occupied for old books that we did not want; we have a door that comes into the coach-house, and there is a part of a pair of stairs, and a ladder; on entering that room, Mr. Cowling and I found all the books were laid out of their place, taken off the pile, so that you could hardly get into the room; I went in by a key, and found it locked; James Cowling was with me; and amongst the books lay a parcel of china plates, and two silver waiters, which I have here; and a door which has communication from this room to a hay-loft of Mr. Raikes was unbolted, and open; and there was a hole between the window and this door, which is a narrow place only of lath and plaister next to the door, big enough for a man to come through, and it was filled up with hay; and on going out, when we found things in this situation, I found a paper which is the contents of what plate was in the box; I have kept it ever since. (Produced.) Here is another list, which laid with them, and some of the china: on Saturday following I went with these papers, and this silver waiter, and part of the china, to Sir Sampson Wright 's, and examined it against the plate that was in the box; it exactly corresponded with the coat of arms that was in the trunk, and with the list, except a few things that are sold: all the things that were at Sir Sampson Wright 's are here, sealed by Justice Addington's seal and mine.


I am clerk to Sir Joshua Vanneck ; I know those things belong to Sir Joshua Vanneck ; I went into the room with the last witness; the door we generally go in was locked, as I last left it; I really think it was eight months ago I was in before; I remember the condition in which it was left: when I went in with the last witness, every thing seemed to be moved from its place; there was no obstruction by the door-way at all; the things always were aukwardly placed; immediately when I got in, I observed a chest of china removed from under the window, and great part of it taken out; I observed a hair trunk missing.

Was that trunk ever found? - Yes; it contains the plate.

It is not in the indictment? - I missed nothing else, except a quantity of old books, taken from the premises, written account-books, copy-books, and sundry other books; I knew enough of them to know them again; I found two waiters, as soon as I entered the room; and the second time I went up in the room I found two inventories; I found a door that goes into the hay-loft open; there was part of the lath and plastering, from the door to the window, broke along at the bottom.

Were those the waiters? - They were, and they have the coat of arms upon them.

Did you compare the waiters with the things in Sir Joshua's box? - I did.

Do you know who they belong to? - Maximilian Chershott , a correspondent of ours, now in Switzerland; they have been there eight or ten years.

It was not Sir Joshua Vanneck 's house then? - Yes, it was then Mr. Vanneck's; they were put in, by his order, for Mr. Chershott; he was a gentleman who lived in Leicestershire, and going abroad, they were left in our care for him.

Jury. Whether he knows how long that hole had been made in the lath and plaster? I never saw the hole before I went up the last time; I was up there eight months ago, and not since, till this time.


I am coachman to Mr. Thomas Raikes . How long has Mr. Raikes lived in thishouse? - I believe about six years; I have been his coachman five years next May.

Was the prisoner in your master's service? - No, he had been my helper for the course of the last eight or nine weeks; by getting into the stable, he got into the hay-loft; it adjoins to the rooms where these things were kept; he used to carry provisions there.

Had you sent him for provisions before these nine months? - No, not till he used to help me; he had my keys, and had liberty to sleep in the stables; I have locked him in, and let him out in the morning.

Prisoner. Who had the keys while I was out at sea? - I don't think any body at all had.

Court. Had he been employed before he went to sea? - Yes.

For the last eight months who has had the keys out of your hands? - Two or three have had them for an hour or two, but not more.

Prisoner. My Lord, I have helped him four years, off and on.

Simper. He hath, to be sure, but not as he has these eight weeks; I suppose I did not see much of him before that for three or four weeks.


I am a publican, at the Globe, in North Audley-street; the prisoner lodged at my house eight or ten days, a little before Christmas; Friday before, he went from my house, and returned on the Monday, with a hair trunk, and a box of china and plate; on Tuesday morning he said his uncle was dead, and had left him nine hundred pounds, and sent and had a lock and key put upon the hair trunk; on Wednesday he went to Mr. Ibbott, in Broad-street, and said that Mr. Ibbott went to look over the will, and that he had a quantity of plate left him by his uncle; I understood him to talk of the plate and china in the box: on Thursday morning he asked me to go with him to the silversmith's, to sell a pair of candlesticks, Mr. Dalby's, Bond-street, and he said Mr. Ibbott was to go with him to his uncle's, at Windsor, to see if there was any thing more of plate left, at twelve o'clock: he took the plate away that day to Mr. Ibbott, as he told me; he went away in a hackney-coach, and took it in the coach with him: on the Friday morning I saw the coachman that took him, and I asked him where he took the box; in consequence I gave information, and had him apprehended; I saw him in custody the Wednesday after, and he was committed: the hair trunk was opened in the tap-room on Tuesday, the day after he brought it, and I saw most of the articles; three or four pair of candlesticks, a bread-basket, and some silver spoons; I never saw the box again till I saw it at Bow-street; the officers found it, and I believe it is the same I saw at my house.

Prisoner. Did not I expose them all about to the people in the tap-room, and say they were come up from the country to me? - You did, and said they came by the coach.

- DALBY sworn.

I am a silversmith, in New Bond-street: one of the witnesses brought the prisoner at the bar to my house, Wednesday the 28th of December, and brought some silver tablespoons, and a caster, for me to weigh them; Abbott said they had been laying a wager about the weight, and wished to know; and I weighed and told them, and they took them away; they were both strangers to me then: on Friday morning, the 29th, they came again, and brought a pair of candlesticks, and I asked Abbott if they were the prisoner's property or not; he said, yes, he knew they were, and that his uncle was dead, and had left him nine hundred pounds; I asked him his name, and where he lived; he said Abbott, and kept the Globe, in North Audley-street; I said I should put his name down, to know, if any thing should happen about these candlesticks; with that, I weighed the candlesticks, and gave him the money for them, 7 l. 11 s. 6 d.; I have kept them ever since. (Produced.)


I am a journeyman to Mr. Jefferies; I bought half-a-dozen tea-spoons of the prisoner,about a fortnight ago, I think it was the 30th of December; I had never seen the prisoner before; I am sure it was the prisoner; he told me he won them at raffling; I gave him 16 s. for them; he was with me ten minutes.


I am a silversmith, in Bishopsgate-street; I produce a silver caster, which I bought of the prisoner at the bar two or three days before Christmas-day, I cannot say which; I gave 36 s. 5 d. for it, 5 s. an ounce; he told me he won it at a raffle; he was with me five or six minutes; I am certain he is the man I bought it of.


I am a carpenter; the prisoner came to my house, Thursday after Christmas-day, said that his uncle was dead, and had left him nine hundred pounds and all his plate; he asked me leave to lodge the trunk in my house a day or two; I have known him four or five years; I gave him leave; he told me, that afternoon, he was going to Windsor to examine his uncle's will, with a gentleman; the next day the officers from Bow-street came to my house, and asked whether there was not a trunk left at my house; he had it delivered to him, his name is Lavender; the prisoner opened the trunk, and I saw a bread-basket and some other things; I should know the trunk again.


I am Mr. Chantry's daughter; I know the prisoner at the bar; I have seen him at my father's; he came to our house on Tuesday morning, and went away, and came again in the afternoon, and brought half-a-dozen tea-spoons and a pair of sugar-tongs, and a tea-shell; he said his uncle had left him that plate and 900 l.; he gave me these as a present; I gave them to Mr. Lavender.


I produce the trunk; I received it from Mr. Chantry, John's-court, No. 11, Hanway-street, in consequence of an information first received from Mr. Abbott, and an inquiry made at his house; I did not examine it till I got to the office, when I found in it a quantity of plate of different sorts, and it was all sealed up, together with the plate I received from Mr. Abbott at the office; I received six silver tea-spoons, a pair of sugar-tongs, and a tea-shell, from Miss Chantry; they are all likewise in the trunk.

(The trunk opened.)


I am one of the patrol under Sir Sampson Wright ; I received a box, with some china in it, from Mr. Abbott, the landlord of the Globe, North Audley-street, the 3d of this month; I have kept it ever since.

Mr. Abbott. This is the box I delivered to Davis, and which the prisoner left with me; I gave the information, hearing he had carried the trunk to another place, when he told me he was going to carry it to Mr. Ibbott's.

Had you any information to whom they belonged, before you went to the justice? - No, no further than I apprehended myself; I did not know to whom it belonged, till after I made the information.


I am a patrol of Bow-street; I apprehended the prisoner.


A man came and said my uncle was dead; I said I was the person; he said then I must give him a crown; he gave me a note, and a key, in which it was mentioned that my uncle was dead, and had left me 900 l. and the contents of that box; he gave me this note on my refusing to give him a crown, as he asked, for carrying of the trunk; there was a card nailed on the box, Francis Stevens : Mr. Brown knows me ever since I was a child.

Court to Cowling. Do you know this box? - Yes, I do.

(The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY . (Aged 20.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

83. JOHN MATTHEWS and SAMUEL LARTER were indicted for stealing, on the 23d of November , three hundred and seventy yards of printed callico, value 64 l. one hundred and sixty-eight yards, value 10 l. six yards ditto, value 18 s. three yards ditto, value 3 s. three yards ditto, value 3 s. five yards and a quarter of blue damask, value 35 l. and four damask tablecloths, the goods of George Oakley ; eighty-four pieces of nankeen, value 28 l. the goods of George - , in the dwelling-house of the said George Oakley .

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)

(The witnesses examined separate.)


I live in St. Paul's church-yard , an upholsterer ; the prisoner Matthews came to me the 14th of last February; he was my porter . About the 15th of November there was a quantity of nankeens missing. I was loth to suspect I had a thief in my house. I did nothing when I missed the nankeens; but on Wednesday, the 23d of November, I missed a quantity of printed callico, and I apprehended Matthews.

Mr. Knowlys, Prisoners Counsel. Have you any partner? - No.

You say, you apprehended the prisoner? - I did.

When was that? - On the 23d of November.

He was taken before the Lord-Mayor? - He was.

How many examinations did he undergo? - Twice.

He was discharged then? - He was.

Did you offer to take him into your service again on his being discharged before the Lord Mayor? - I did not.

How many times did he call at your house after he was discharged at the Lord Mayor's? - I requested him to call at my house several times.

I believe, at the extent of fourteen days? - No, not so long; I did it, that I might take an opportunity of finding out his accomplice. I told him, I should persevere in it.


I live with Mr. George Oakley , a servant of all work. I know the prisoner at the bar; I saw Larter at our house the 20th of November; I made tea for him in company of the other; he came to visit John Matthews . I cannot say I observed any thing of Matthews, except that he had plenty of money, and to all appearance he did not seem to have much when he first came. My orders were at night to see the porter's candle out. I have looked at times down stairs, having a well stair-case, and seen his candle alight; in consequence I have called to him, and he has answered, he would put it out presently, or when he pleased. He slept in the shop.


I live in Cartwright-square, East Smithfield, a woolcomber; I know one of the prisoners perfectly well, Larter, these seven years. Larter called at my house the 2d of October, and he asked me if I would go to his house with him; I went, and when I came there I saw Matthews, and they shewed me a piece of printed callico; and I asked Larter, in the presence of Matthews, who it belonged to? Larter said, it belonged to that person. I asked who Matthews was, and whether I could purchase it safe? Larter told me, I could; and that he was a very honest man. I gave Matthews the money myself, 40 s. for twenty yards in one piece; I paid to Matthews 40 s. and took it away with me. I sawLarter in the course of the week; he called with the fellow-piece to that I purchased; he left it on the Sunday morning following, they both came to my house together, that was twenty-one yards; they called to be paid for the piece left in the week; I paid them two guineas for it; I believe Matthews took the money. In the course of five or six weeks, from the 2d of October, I purchased nineteen fine pieces of printed callico, containing twenty-one yards each, and three coarse ones, containing about twenty-eight yards; they laid by me for a month. I also in the course of the same time purchased twenty pieces of nankeen, all brought in the course of that time; Larter, on the week I bought the twenty pieces of nankeen, brought eighteen of them on a week day, and on the next Sunday Matthews himself called at my house, and he asked me if I had had any nankeens brought me by Larter? I told him, I had eighteen; and he took two out of his pocket, for which I paid 7 s. for the two pieces. I paid for the eighteen after the same manner, and he told me I might call at Larter's house, and pay him for the eighteen; I called on the same Sunday in the afternoon, and paid at the same rate, 3 s. 6 d. a piece; likewise for a handkerchief Larter left at our house, containing a piece of bed tick, a bit of plain callico, and two striped pieces of cotton, red and white small stripe. I did not settle for them four little articles. I had all the nankeens by me that I bought, except two pieces, that were pawned; the nankeens ran about six yards a piece; the twenty pieces were all separate pieces; part were pledged to Mr. Thomas Arthur by my wife; other part disposed of to Mr. Solomon Jewel , and brought back again to me at the time those two pieces were pawned. Solomon Jewel had two pieces out for to sell, and I got them back again at the time Mr. Oakley applied to me; he had others, which he had sold for me.

Mr. Knowlys, Prisoners Counsel. Mr. Sims, while I ask you a few questions, instead of looking down at your hat, look at the Jury. You are a wool-comber? - I am.

A master or journeyman? - A journeyman.

You wanted to sit up a journeyman's room elegantly? - It was not like that.

You had very good goods to fit it up with? - They are good.

The first thing you knew of this was on the 2d of October? - Yes.

This was a large parcel, Mr. Sims, was not it? - It was not such a great quantity.

Not such a great quantity for a poor journeyman woolcomber to lay hold of! Had you been much in the habit of purchasing these sort of goods? - Not in the bed furniture; nevertheless I have bought several articles belonging to women's furniture; and my wife goes into the country every Spring to sell them.

You hold with doing this of a Sunday? - I do not know.

Was not you a little surprized that you should have so good a bargain on Sunday? the better day, perhaps, the better deed! Don't you know that you are liable to be tried for having these goods in your possession? - It is very possible it may be so.

Do you not know that you might have stood in the very same situation as those two prisoners do now? - I do not understand that; I was never taken out of my house.

You do not know that you might have stood there, it was a trying time, it was necessary to squeak, so you continued buying on; you knew that the people were not in trade? - I did.

That is another secret? - If I had chose to have bought, I might of the same person.

When did you stop your hand? - I forbid Matthews the last time he came to my house; and I met Larter in the street, and told him never to come to my house.

Mr. Garrow. Was any thing found on you? - No, nothing.

Any thing found in your house? - No, Sir.

Any prosecution instituted against you? - No, Sir.

Did you then voluntarily disclose all that you have told to the Jury? - I did, to Mr. Dawson.

Is it true what you have been telling them? - It is true.

Court. You said just now, you had not been taken out of your house, were you taken any where? - I was not.

JANE SIMS sworn.

I am wife of Jonathan Sims ; I know the two prisoners at the bar. Larter came to my husband to go to his house; my husband went; and when he came home, he brought home with him a piece of printed callico, and told me, he gave 2 s. a yard for it, and brought me twenty yards. In the course of the week Larter brought another piece. The first time he came was on a Sunday; the piece he brought after was the fellow-piece to the first. Both the prisoners came frequently backwards and forwards to my house, and my husband bought goods of them. He bought printed callicoes, and he bought some nankeens.

What became of those two pieces of nankeens which were bought in the manner you have described? - They are sold.

Did you carry any to Arthur's? - I pledged two pieces, and after that they were got back again; then all the callicoes were sold to Solomon Jewel .

What became of the piece of nankeen? - We bought twenty pieces, and eighteen I gave to Mr. Dawson; I don't know what became of the other two.

Should you know the pattern of those pieces you pledged at Arthur's, if you was to see the pattern? - I should.

Mr. Knowlys. How long has your husband carried on the business of a linen-draper? - He never carried on the business of a linen-draper.

What was his business? - A woolcomber.

Why, this was not made of wool? - But I go into the country sometimes.

And to get rid of goods that are a little suspicious it is very expedient? - I don't know what you mean.

If you have goods in your possession that are a little suspicious, would not you try to get rid of them as soon as you could? - I don't know; I have nothing to say in the matter.

You usually bought the goods you went into the country with on a Sunday? - They were lucky to us, and what harm.

If we do no other harm, we offend him that ordered the Sunday to be kept holy? - We do certainly do that.

So you knew at the time you was offending him that ordered the Sunday to be kept holy? - Yes.

You knew you was liable to answer it, if you was found out; now, by giving your evidence, you are sheltered and protected? You know no harm will be done to you now, now you have given your evidence? - We only speak the truth.

And now you know you have given your evidence no harm will be done to you? - I don't wish any harm.

Now I will leave you, you have let out more than your husband let out.

Mr. Garrow. The prosecutor was in no condition to do you any harm only by your own confession? He had nothing against you till you furnished him with it? - No.


I received two pieces of printed callico from Mrs. Sims on the 21st of November, and they were redeemed again on the 24th.

Mr. Knowlys. It was from the good Mrs. Sims you received these, not of the prisoner? - No.

If you had known as much of Mrs. Sims as you do now, would you have received them of her? - Most assuredly not.

Mr. Garrow. Why not? - Because if I had known so much of her character as I do now, I should have known her a woman of bad character.

From what facts do you ground that upon? Have you known the woman any length of time? - No, I have not.

Do you know a single act of immorality except in this transaction? - No.

Which amounts just to this, that at the instance of her husband she has pledged two pieces of callico, and redeemed them again? - None other.

Mr. Pawnbroker, the Lord have mercy upon your customers.


I was foreman to Mr. Oakley. In the month of November last we missed several pieces of nankeen, several articles of printed callico, and two pieces of striped cottons.

Have you any patterns here to produce, to correspond to those that were lost? - Dawson has them.

Have you got any parcel to produce? - I believe I have a little bit.

God bless your soul, do put your hand into your pocket, and produce it.

Mr. Knowlys. Are you Mr. Oakley's foreman? - I am.

How many persons are employed under you? - Three, besides several workmen.

(A bundle produced of Mr. Oakley's stock, corresponding in pattern to the things lost.)


I am in the dry saltering line; I am acquainted with the witness Sims. About three months ago Mr. Sims came to me one morning for some money that was due to him, and told me that he had some pieces of printed furniture, that he had sold.

What did you receive from Sims? - I received two double pieces, and after that four or five, and a piece of blue damask, and some inferior printed callicoes.

Do you know the prisoners at the bar, or either of them? - I believe I have seen Larter at Sims's house. I sold the articles I bought.

Mr. Knowlys. How long have you known Mr. Sims and his wife? - About four years.

Four years you have had dealing with them? - No, not above two years.

What business are you? - I am a dry salter.

What articles in the dry saltering are these printed cottons? - None at all; but if you will give me leave I will explain myself. Sims came and told me, he had some very excellent bed furniture, that he could pawn for six guineas, and I gave him six guineas for them.

Perhaps if any body had brought you a little silver, you would have bought it, perhaps a few diamonds, you would have considered it all in the dry saltering business? - Quite out of my line.

A little gold plate, that would have been in the dry saltering line? - If I had understood them, I should. I think a man of dealing has a right to buy any thing he can get any thing by.

Mr. Garrow. I could wish you to change those sentiments, they will do you no good.


There were some articles left at your house by Sims? - There were, (the articles shewn to her,) but I do not know what was said; I kept it till my husband came home, and my husband took it. (Shewn to Solomon Jewel , who said, he received it from his wife, and carried it to his father; and said, Mr. Sims called for it several times, but did not give it him, but got it of his father, and carried it to Dawson.

Mr. Knowlys to Solomon Jewel . You had heard there had been a robbery, and so you came up to the office in East Smithfield? - I did.

How often have you been at the office in East Smithfield? - Never before.

How often have you seen Dawson before? - Never before, till then I heard a rumour of it.

And then you went to East Smithfield? - Mr. Sims never mentioned to me about the robbery.

How much of property had you that was not discovered? - As much as I paid 28 l. 6 s. for.

This good Mrs. Sims you have beendealing with for several years? - I have sold him wool to a considerable amount.

Robert Dawson produced a bundle he received of Jewel before the magistrate; deposed to by Sims as what he received from Larter himself, containing a piece of cotton made into a gown, a piece of striped callico, and a piece of bed tick. (All deposed to by Mr. Oakley.)


I am an officer belonging to East-Smithfield: on the 17th of December, I, in company with Mr. Oakley, apprehended Matthews; on Monday I went to the house of Sims; I found nothing there; I secured Sims; I was coming away after we had made the compleat search, and he desired me to step up stairs with him; Mr. Sims lives close by me, and I have known him for some years; the first question he asked me was, if that was the gentleman that had been robbed; I told him yes; he told me that he thought it some of the property he had imprudently purchased, and that what he could recover back, he would do; I advised him so to do; and then his wife came up stairs: afterwards we went that evening to the house of Larter, with Mr. Oakley; we searched his house, but found nothing there, nor him; at length we took Larter in Fenchurch-street, and secured him, and took him in a coach; and he said, what is all this about? if I tell all I know of this, when they get hold of Matthews, they will hang me with him.

Did he tell him it would be better for him so to do? - He did not: I then told him, that, as he had mentioned the name of Matthews, Matthews was already in custody; he seemed to disbelieve that, and said, that if he could be convinced of that, and be secured, that then he would give evidence; I told him it did not become me to make any promises of that sort, Mr. Oakley had better talk about that; by this time we came to the bottom of the court, where Mr. Oakley was waiting for us; then, when we came to the end of the court, we took Mr. Oakley up, and a friend of his, and went to the King's-arms, in East-Smithfield; when we arrived there, the magistrate was gone, and the prisoner Matthews was committed for re-examination on Thursday: I put Larter into the parlour; Mr. Oakley, Mr. Rooke, and myself, with him; and there the prisoner Larter (Sims was not with us then) said to Mr. Oakley, if he would give him a general release, he could give sufficient evidence against Matthews, which would convict him: I put Larter in the watch-house that night, and the next day I had him before the magistrate, and he was remanded for re-examination with Matthews: on Thursday, Matthews and Larter were examined again at the office; the things were produced from Sims, the nankeens, and one piece, when it was shewn to Mr. Oakley; then the prisoner Matthews said, yes, but they are not Mr. Oakley's nankeens.

Mr. Knowlys. You have been acquainted with Mr. Sims for some time? - I don't know that ever I spoke to the man in my life, except How do you do? when I pass.

Did you go to Sims's house before you saw Mr. Oakley? - I did not; and, in fact, I went with some degree of reluctance; for I had that opinion of Sims, that he would not receive such an article; I know Mr. Rooke very well, and, having seen them together, I thought he was a very creditable man; and I understood of Rooke, that this man Sims worked for him.

Do you know his acquaintance, Solomon Jewel ? - I never saw him till he was at the office.

This conversation passed when you and Sims and Larter were present; Sims heard the conversation very plainly? - He could not but hear it.

It was a particular conversation; Sims seemed to be a good deal frightened? - I stand here unimpeached.

Do you think that I begin to smell any thing, Mr. Dawson; conscience speaks, I am afraid, Mr. Dawson; it certainly was a very particular conversation? - He might not think it so particular as I did.

Wherever I put a thrust, you parry it,Mr. Dawson; you are a good fencer: perhaps, Mr. Dawson, you are a little interested in this? - No, I am not.

You do not expect to derive the least advantage from this conviction? - I know, whether they are convicted or not, Mr. Oakley will make me a very genteel present.

Sims did not whisper this conversation to you? - He did not.

You found nothing on Larter or Matthews? - Nothing at all.

Mr. Garrow to Sims. There are several pieces of nankeens produced, as having been fetched by your wife; of whom had you received them? - From Matthews and Larter.

Was you present when Dawson went to apprehend Larter? - I was with him.

Did you return with him in the coach? -

[Here Mr. Knowlys objected, as Mr. Sims had been examined before as to the facts; Mr. Garrow replied, and the Court allowed the objection.]

Mr. Garrow to Dawson. You received all these nankeens from Sims? - I did.

(Deposed to by Mr. Oakley, as well by the mark, as having received 400 pieces of Mr. Tolderoy, and when he counted them out again there were only 316.)

(The prisoners called five witnesses to their character.)

BOTH GUILTY of stealing to the value of 39 s.

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

84. VALENTINE MIDDLETON was indicted for feloniously making an assault, on the King's highway, on Thomas Bromwell , on the 29th of December , and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a canvas bag, value 2 d. two pounds eight ounces of white cotton twist, value 2 s. nine ounces of cotton yarn, value 4 d. two ounces of mixt-coloured cotton twist, value 6 d. one pound of white twist, value 1 s. and three wooden bobbins, value 1 d. the goods of Joseph Hutton .


Bromwell is my apprentice ; he is ten years old to-day, the 16th of January; the property was coming to me to be manufactured; Sarah Hutton sent it to me.


I am Mr. Hutton's sister; I delivered all the articles in the indictment to my brother Joseph's apprentice (he is in the bed-lace and fringe manufactory) on Thursday the 29th of December, at half past five in the afternoon; I saw him go out with them.


I know nothing more than I sent my boy, about three or four o'clock, for work; I work journeyman for my brother and my sister, and give work out as his servant.


How old are you? - I am ten the 16th of January.

Have you taken an oath before? - Yes.

What will become of you, if you swear what is false? - I shall go to hell. I was sent out of a Thursday, about a quarter after five o'clock in the evening, and the lady gave me the things; there was some white cotton twist and some yarn, and some mixt-coloured cotton twist, and four wooden bobbins, and some white thread; I took them from Newgate-street, No. 5; I saw the prisoner before he took my bag; I was coming strait home, and a man said, will you go for a coach, my boy; yes, says I; says he, I will give you sixpence; he gave me sixpence, and took my bag; leave your bag behind you, says he; no, says I, I would rather take it up; I took it with me, and went for the coach, and when I came back that man was not there, but another man, shamming drunk, in a smock frock; says he, my lad, where is the coach; says I, here it is; and he offered me the sixpence in my hand; and thisprisoner, about half a minute after, came and put my hat over my eyes, and took away my bag; he put my hat over my eyes first; I halloo'd out, stop thief! he ran up Angel-court; I pursued him, and lost sight of him about a minute and a half; there was a watchman just by Break-neck steps that stopped him with the bundle, coming down Mr. Clark's stairs; I found my bundle at Mr. Ashmore's, a brush-maker's, on Snow-hill; I should know the bag again; I know the prisoner very well, I am sure he is the man; when he knocked my hat over my eyes, he was before me; I had no suspicion of him before that, but I know him by his hat, and I know him by his face; he run up Angel-court, and this was the corner he ran before me, and then I saw his coat.


I am a watchman, and apprehended the prisoner.


I was coming down Seacoal-lane, on the 29th of December; the prisoner ran by me, and the bag was almost to the ground; it was quite duskish, I could not see him drop it, but I picked it up.

(The bag deposed to.)

GUILTY of stealing.

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

85. HANNAH DAILY was indicted for stealing, on the 31st of December , a pair of women's leather shoes, value 5 s. and four pair of children's shoes, value 7 s. the goods of John Such .

(The case opened by Mr. Knowlys; and the witnesses examined separate, by the prisoner's desire.)


I am the wife of John Such, No. 10, Aldgate : on the 31st of December, the prisoner came into our shop about nine o'clock; she brought in a young woman with her; and my boy was in the shop, and he served the other woman with a pair of shoes; I went into the shop, and she said, Ma'am, I like nobody's shoes as well as your's; fit me with a pair of dog-skin shoes; I did; and while I was gone back again to the shelves, she got up from her chair; I goes back again, to see if I had any more that fit her, and she made answer to me, perhaps you may have some next week, and I will call again; and said, Ma'am, I wish you would try on that lady's shoes, for she was sure I should fit her; I said, good woman, you have something you ought not to have; she said, I have, but I don't mean to take it away; she then gave me four pair of children's shoes in a paper, from under her cloak; she had asked for no children's shoes at that time, she had a week before: afterwards I saw her take two pair of women's leather shoes out of her pocket, and put them on a shelf; they were put up in paper to be carried home that evening; she took them from the part she put them to; she did not offer to produce them at the time I told her of the children's shoes.


I am servant to Mr. Such. Confirmed the above.

(The shoes deposed to by Mrs. Such produced by Box the constable.)

Prisoner. I beg for mercy, my Lord, and of every gentleman that is here; for I am really innocent.

(The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave her a good character.)


Imprisoned one month , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

86. ROBERT PERCIVAL and THOMAS FORWOOD were indicted for feloniously and burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Fenton , about the hour of seven in the night, on the night of the 1st of January , and burglariously stealing therein 60 yards of shalloon, value 3 l. his property .


I am a woollen draper , in Cloth-fair : I was robbed on the 1st of January; I went to bed about eleven on the Sunday evening; my servant shut up the shop, in the usual way; I saw the cloth the next day at the Mansion-house; I have lost 60 yards, but here is not the whole; I lost twelve or fourteen small pieces; they were lost from the shop; it was all closed in on Saturday night.


I am shopman to Mr. Thomas Fenton . Confirmed the above.

JOHN KING sworn.

I took Percival with the property; I have kept what I took from Percival from that time to this.

(Produced and deposed to.)

(Forwood called five witnesses, and Percival one, who gave them good characters.)

ROBERT PERCIVAL , GUILTY, 39 s. (Aged 19.)

Privately whipped .


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

87. JOHN CAMPBELL was indicted for feloniously and burglariously breaking and entering, on the 23d of December , about the hour of nine at night, the house of Charles Heath , and burglariously stealing therein one silk skirt, value 5 s. one satin body of a gown, value 18 d. one printed muslin skirt, value 5 s. one brown silk body, value 18 d. one printed muslin skirt, value 4 s. one brown silk body, value 4 s. one cotton gown, value 18 d. three linen shifts, value 5 s. a linen apron, value 15 d. a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. a brown silk skirt, value 4 s. a muslin shawl, value 4 s. a wooden box, value 18 d. two muslin handkerchiefs, value 3 s. one stuff skirt, value 2 s. a counterpane, value 7 s. a cloak, value 10 s. one iron key, value 1 d. the goods of Sarah Chapel , spinster : And one muslin gown, value 10 s. one brown silk gown, value 7 s. one muslin gown, value 7 s. two cotton gowns, value 7 s. two cloaks, value 9 s. a silk skirt, value 3 s. one cotton coverlid, value 3 s. the goods of Mary Chapel .

(The witnesses examined separate, by the prisoner's desire.)


I live at No. 4, Sun-street, Bishopsgate-street , in Mr. Charles Heath 's house; I lodge there, and keep a school , I and my sister; I occupy the first floor, and the back garret: on the 23d of December last I lost the things from the garret; I believe they came in by the window; I had shut the sash a little before two, but had not fastened it (I saw it at ten o'clock at night), nor my sister; the sash was only slid to, I did not fasten it; at ten o'clock at night I found it open; there were gone several gowns; my sister and I were up almost together.

Did you find any drawers, or any thing, broke open? - Yes, the drawers were all a little open, and what was left was about the ground; I have found some of the things again, and almost all.

Were the things in the indictment there at two o'clock that day? - They were; the drawers were not locked; they were found by the constable, Bilby; I know nothing about the prisoner; the door was fastened, and my sister unlocked it herself; so nobody could go in that way: I am single.


Confirmed the above.


I took the prisoner with the property.


I am a watchmaker; I saw the man with the things on his head, and saw it taken from him: just as we got to Peter-street, he attempted to get away; and in my attempting to hinder him, he cut my finger very much, I believe with a penknife.

JOHN GAST sworn.

I am a constable: I was with the last witness; I saw Bilby lay hold of the prisoner with the bundle; I searched him in the watch-house, and found a key and an handkerchief in his breeches. (Produced.)

The key deposed to by Sarah Chapel . It fits the box taken out of my room that night; the handkerchief I had one like it. (The bundle of articles deposed to.) I suppose the value that belongs to me is between twenty and thirty shillings.

Mary Chapel . Mine is worth thirty-six shillings: I am sure all these things were in the room that day; and they are my property.

(The box deposed to by Sarah Chapel .)

Prisoner. I was hired to carry this box by two men.

GUILTY of stealing 39 s. only .

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

88. JOHN WARD was indicted for stealing, on the 20th of December , one muff, called a fox-brush muff, value 20 s. the goods of Augustus Nicolls , privily in his shop .


I live at No. 15, in Bridges-street , in the fur business; and I lost, on the 20th of December, between five and six in the evening, one fox-brush muff; I did not see it taken out of the shop, but I saw it about a quarter of an hour before; I was in the work shop; it was worth 20 s.; I heard the bell ring, and cried out, stop thief! I came down stairs, and went after him into Vinegar-yard, and the prisoner was caught.


I am a coachman, and was sent on an errand, and I saw the prisoner have the muff in his hand, and he dropped it; I ran after him, and stopped him.


I was in the shop; it was near six; there were two young men came into the shop, to cheapen some powder-puffs, and he did not agree about the price, and they went out of doors; and as they were going out of the door, I saw the prisoner with the muff in his hand; it had been in the window; he was just out of the door; he had it under an handkerchief; he was not the man that cheapened the puffs; I watched them both all the time, and yet I did not see him take up the muff; I never was more surprized in my life; I cried stop thief! and stood at the door till he was brought back again. (The muff deposed to.) I am sure the prisoner is one of the men that was in the shop.

SARAH FRY sworn.

I live with Mr. Nicolls, and was down in the kitchen, and heard the cry of stop thief! and run out down Vinegar-yard, and picked up the muff just as he was taken.

Prisoner. As I was coming out of the shop with the young fellow, I saw the muff lay, and I picked it up; I knew not what it was.

GUILTY of stealing, 4 s. 10 d. (Aged 22.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

89. GOTLIEB WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of January , two watch-cases, value 10 s. and a pair of hair-worked bracelets, value 10 s. the goods of John Storey .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)


Imprisoned six months in the house of correction , and publicly whipped .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

90. GEORGE HARRIS was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of December , one man's hat, value 4 s. the goods of Joseph Norwell .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

GUILTY , (Aged 18.)

Publicly whipped .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

91. JAMES CAMPBELL, alias JOHN CAMPBELL, otherwise JAMES PITT, alias JOHN DOUGLAS , was indicted for stealing, on the 6th of May, 1789 , a Bank-note of the value of 25 l. the property of Charlotte Margaretta Adams , in her dwelling-house .

(The case opened by Mr. Garrow.)


I live in Buckingham-street, York-buildings ; I receive lodgers into my house; in the month of May, 1789, I had an account that a gentleman took my first floor, and the back parlour to sleep in, by the name of Major or Colonel Campbell; I received solicitations the next day to see him; I went down to him; he said he knew my family very well, he knew my brother at Gibraltar, and he should be very glad if there was room for a son of Lord Hopetoun's: the next day some men called for taxes; I sent word I had no money, except they could change a 25 l. Bank-note; they could not: the next day after that I received a letter; in consequence I gave the 25 l. Bank-note to Mrs. Morgan; and in about an hour after, the lodger was gone; I gave information at Bow-street, and did not hear any thing till the beginning of this month, when I received a message from Sir Sampson Wright ; I went, and there I saw the prisoner, whom I am positive is the man who lodged with me, and to whom I sent the 25 l. Banknote.


I was servant to Mrs. Adams at the time this lodger came, and I received a letter (shewn her); it is what I received; here is my own hand-writing upon it; in consequence I took the note to the prisoner, in the parlour, and he took his purse out, and took out some gold; then he put it up again in the purse, and said he had not enough, he must go to his banker's; he went out, and I never saw him afterwards till I saw him at Sir Sampson Wright's; I am certain the prisoner at the bar is the man.

Prisoner. How long was it the person you delivered the note to lived at Mrs. Adams's? - A few months.

(The prisoner made a long defence, and used many arguments to prove Mrs. Adams was mistaken in the identity of the person, but she still continued positive he was the man.

GUILTY of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . (Aged 49.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

92. ROBERT WATSON was indicted for stealing, on the 30th of December , twenty-four yards of linen cloth, called Irish, value 1 l. 4 s. the goods of Thomas Kilham , privily in his shop .


I live in Beech-street ; I lost 24 yards of linen cloth, on Friday the 30th of December, between four and five; I was at the farther end of my shop, serving some company, reaching some goods to shew; happening to cast my eye at the door, I saw the back of a person going out of the shop; I immediately ran to see who it was, and what he wanted, and saw the prisoner at the bar with the roll of Irish under his arm, about four or five doors from my own shop; I laid hold of his collar, and brought him back with it under his arm.

GUILTY of stealing, but not privately . (Aged 16.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

93. HENRY JARVIS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 10th of December , one wooden tea caddy, value 2 s. seven linen handkerchiefs, value 7 s. a linen shirt, value 5 s. a pair of silk stockings, value 2 s. five check muslin handkerchiefs, the goods of the Honourable Charles Wyndham : And three linen pocket-handkerchiefs, value 3 s. the goods of Junius Baker .


I live with Mr. Wyndham; the prisoner also lived as his valet-de-chambre (this was on the 10th of December), in Grosvenor-place ; I understood the prisoner had lodgings near Pimlico; he was a married man; on the 10th of December he was in Mr. Wyndham's service; there were several things missing before; on that day Townsend went and searched, and found the things.

( John Townsend and Francis Margrett confirmed the above.)


The prisoner lived with me about six months, and the first notice I had of any thing missing was of this Francis Margrett ; on which I determined to take some measures to see who robbed me; Margrett first of all brought me up some dirty linen, which was not worn by me: after sending the first witness up to town, I called the prisoner at the bar, and told him the steps I was going to take, and made him deliver up all his keys to Junius Baker ; he delivered them up very willingly; Junius Baker sent me a letter; I came up to town, and went to Bow-street, and these goods produced were found at the prisoner's lodgings; he said, I did not mean to hang him; I told him I was determined to prosecute whoever I found out: I had a very good character from Lord Robert Spencer .

GUILTY , (Aged 21.)

Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

94. THOMAS STURGIS was indicted for stealing, on the 22d of December , a cotton gown, value 10 s. the goods of Harriott Rogers .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

GUILTY . (Aged 51.)

Publickly whipped .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

95. JOHN LE CONTE was indicted for stealing, on the 28th of December , two printed bound books, value 2 s. the goods of Ely Andrews .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

GUILTY . Whipped .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

96. JAMES WOOD and SARAH HUTCHINS were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 31st of December , 13 lb. weight of cheese, value 5 s. the goods of Margaret Brown , privily in her shop .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

JAMES WOOD , (Aged 30,) SARAH HUTCHINS , (Aged 40,)

BOTH GUILTY, 4 s. 10 d.

Publicly whipped , and imprisoned 3 months .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

97. JAMES PERRYMAN was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of December , a hand-saw, value 2 s. the goods of Patrick Murray .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

GUILTY . (Aged 49.) Fined 6 d.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

98. CHARLES ROE was indicted for stealing, on the 5th of January , two linen cloth coats, value 16 s. and various other things , the property of Joseph Farrow .

(The prisoner was taken with the property.)

GUILTY . Whipped .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

99. WILLIAM SMITH and WILLIAM MACKENZIE were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th of December , an hempen sack, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Godsall .



Whipped .

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

100. SAMUEL TAYLOR and JANE TAYLOR, otherwise MORGAN , was indicted for the wilful murder of Thomas Partridge , for that he Samuel Taylor , on the 9th of March , did give him a mortal wound on his left breast, of the length of one inch, and depth of four inches, whereby he languished from the 9th of March to the 17th of December, at which time he died; and Jane Taylor , for aiding, abetting, encouraging, and assisting in the said murder .

They were also charged with the same murder upon the Coroner's Inquisition.

(The case opened by Mr. Knowlys.)


On the 9th of March last, I was in company with Thomas Partridge , Erasmus Gregory was with us; we got to Catharine-wheel alley somewhere about 12 o'clock; and as we came down, Samuel Taylor and his wife made use of several scandalous expressions to Thomas Partridge and me, and damned and blasted several times, and many bad expressions. When we were got about fifty yards, we turned about to see if Gregory were coming, as he was behind us, and he was having words with Taylor. Partridge directly ran back, and I followed him; and by the time I got up with Samuel Partridge , he was down on the ground, and Taylor flat upon Partridge. I did not see any blows pass; Partridge was striving to get up; Jane Taylor was close by; and I heard Jane Taylor say, Damn him, stab him; and she repeated it seven or eight times over as they both of them lay on the ground. As she was crying out, Mr. Pringle, who keeps the public-house, and Gregory got Partridge from under Taylor, and then Jane Taylor called the watchman, and gave charge of Erasmus Gregory ; Gregory gave charge of Taylor, and they came down to the bottom of Catherine-wheel-alley together; and the watchman asked Taylor if he would give charge of Partridge? and he says, Damn him, let him go. I did not see any thing at allin the hands of Taylor. I saw them all to the watch-house door, and then I went back to Thomas Partridge , and I found him with his hands folded, and leaning across the post in the street; I said to him, you had better go home, it is so late. O Lord, says he, I am a dead man, I cannot walk, my collar-bone is broke; and as he lifted up himself from the post, he put his hand to his left side, and said, O Lord, I am stabbed, I am a dead man, I can feel all the blood trickling from my side. I persuaded him to go home where I live, in East Smithfield; and I unbuttoned his jacket, and the blood flew out all over me entirely, as there was no vent for it before; I scraped some flue off his hat, and got some cobweb to stop the blood till morning; and then I sent for a Doctor, and he said, he was a dead man, and advised me to send him to the London Infirmary. I saw him several times at the Infirmary; he lived till the 17th of December, about three weeks ago, and then died. He never was like the same man afterwards.


I live in East Smithfield. I was in company with Thomas Partridge and Sarah Horton at this time. Coming down Catherine-wheel-alley, between 11 and 12 o'clock at night, the two prisoners stood at a door, Sarah Horton and the deceased was some distance before me, they kept walking on, and the prisoners abusing the deceased and Sarah Horton ; and when I came up, I asked for what reason he had abused them people, when he began with the same language to me, called me a damned rascal, and if I did not go along he would give me a punch of the head; with that I turned round, and struck Taylor, and he me again; and Partridge, who was before me, came up to my assistance, and began fighting with Taylor; they both fell on the ground together; with that the prisoner's wife called to Taylor, Stab him, stab him, two or three times. With that, the watchman was called, and I was given charge of, and I gave charge of them, and we went to the watch-house.


I keep the public-house in Catherine-wheel-alley, where this unfortunate affair happened. Near twelve o'clock I heard a noise, and I went out, and I saw the deceased laying on the ground, and Taylor on the top of him; and he had this knife in his hand, (Produced) shutting it against his breast. I said to him, Give me that knife, and took it from him, and have had in my possession ever since. I left them lying on the ground.


I received some cloaths to wash from Sarah Horton ; the jacket has been washed, but the shirt is in the same state it was. (Deposed to by Sarah Horton as the same the took off from the deceased.)


I am surgeon to the London hospital. I saw the deceased in the hospital; I found him with a wound on the left side between the second and third ribs; it penetrated into the cavity of the breast about three quarters of an inch wide; appeared to have been made with a cutting instrument. I judged it to be highly dangerous. I believe, after he had been two or three months in the hospital, he went into the country for better air, at his poor mother's, by Stamford-hill. He became somewhat better, then he relapsed again, and was re-admitted into the hospital. He went out again, and I think this was the case three times. The last return might be about a month before he died; but he never in my judgment recovered from the injury he received; and I am obliged to say, that I have no doubt but he died of the wound he first received.

Jane Taylor . I saw the deceased and Samuel Taylor on the ground, and I called out, Watch, and then Erasmus Gregory gave Taylor several blows.

Samuel Taylor . I and my wife were going home from Mr. Pringle's, and we had a candle, and a neighbour called me in, and asked for a bit of candle; I took out my knife, and cut her off a bit, and stoodat the door with my knife open; and just at this time the deceased and his wife went by arm in arm. The deceased said, Cobler, are you going to light your wife home? Says I, mind your own wife. With that Gregory came, and struck me.

The prisoner called four witnesses to his character.


Each imprisoned twelve months , and fined 1 s.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

101. JOHN DOWLAND was indicted for stealing two shirts, value 8 s. and some other things , the property of Patrick Sullivan .


Transported for seven years .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILSON.

102. JOHN SMITH was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of December , five cloth jackets, value 42 s. the property of James Chadwick .

The prisoner was taken with the property.


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

103. JOHN STEELE was indicted for stealing, on the 10th of December , one iron crow, value 5 s. the property of Andrew Peachey , and another the property of William Peachey .


Publicly whipped .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE WILSON.

104. SARAH SLADE, alias SLAITH , was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of December , a pair of sheets, value 10 s. the property of Peter Young ; and a cloth great coat, the property of Jane Norris .


Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.

105. ELIZABETH CARTER was indicted for stealing, on the 16th of December last, one iron key, value 1 d. a guinea and a half, and 8 s. 6 d. the property of Thomas Dunn , privily from his person .

GUILTY, but not privily .

Fined 1 s. and imprisoned six months .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE BULLER.

106. JOSEPH BRITTAIN and JOHN BAILEY were indicted for stealing, on the 20th of December , a wooden firkin, value 3 d. and 65 lb. weight of butter , the property of Joseph Grover .

The prisoner Brittain was taken with the property.


Transported for seven years .

JOHN BAILEY , Not Guilty .

Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE WILSON.

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to pass Sentence, as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 13, viz.

Bean Edward, alias Brown (last Session) 19

Brown Thomas - 68

Geary Margaret - 71

Gilfoy Daniel - 65

Golding John - 64

Hanslowe James - 67

James William - 58

Mealing John - 63

Seaton Charles - 64

Smith Charles - 66

Walbury Henry William - 66

Wallis William - 48

Williams Thomas - 62

To be Transported for Seven Years, 22, viz.

Bailey John - 54.

Brittain Joseph - 106

Campbell John, James, alias Douglas 91

- John - 87

Craggs Thomas - 49

Dooling John - 101

Galoney Andrew - 50

Jarvis Henry - 93

Lamb William - 52

Larter Samuel - 83

Matthews John - 83

Middleton Valentine - 84

Norman John - 58

Norris Thomas - 53

Read William - 60

Solomons Simon - 51

Stevens Francis - 82

Spurden Robert - 74

Ward John - 88

Watkins Thomas - 80

Watson Robert - 92

Willis James - 54

To be imprisoned Twelve Months, 2, viz.

Samuel Taylor (fined 1 s.), Jane Taylor (fined 1 s.)

To be imprisoned Six Months, 9, viz.

Gotlieb Williams , Hannah Dailey (fined 1 s.), John Smith (fined 1 s.), Sarah Slade (fined 1 s.), Elizabeth Carter (fined 1 s.), Robert Sharp , John Seabrett (fined 1 s.), John Clee (fined 1 s.), John Stringer .

To be imprisoned Three Months, 6, viz.

Richard Haynes , James Stacey , James Wood , Sarah Hutchins (fined 1 s.), Edward Cox , John Studley (fined 1 s).

To be imprisoned One Month, 3, viz.

Mary Collins (fined 1 s.), Elizabeth Williams (fined 1 s.), Ann Riding .

To be Whipped, 13, viz.

Richard Haynes , Gotlieb Williams , George Harris , James Stacey , John Steel , James Wood , Thomas Sturgis , John Le Conte , Charles Roe , William Mackenzie , Robert Sharp , Edward Cox , John Stringer .