Old Bailey Proceedings.
25th February 1901
Reference Number: t19010225

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
25th February 1901
Reference Numberf19010225

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Sessions Paper.








Short-hand Writers to the Court,








Law Booksellers and Publishers.



On the King's Commission of



The City of London,





Held on Monday, February 25th, 1901, and following days,

Before the Right Hon. FRANK GREEN, LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Right Hon. RICHARD EVERARD, BARON ALVERSTONE, Lord Chief Justice of England; the Hon. Sir WALTER GEORGE FRANK PHILLIMORE, Bart., one of the Justices of His Majesty's High Court; Sir JOSEPH SAVORY, Bart.; Sir GEO. F. FAUDEL PHILLIPS, Bart., G.C.I.E.; and ALFRED JAMES NEWTON, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir FORREST FULTON, Knt., K.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir MARCUS SAMUEL, Knt.; GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT, Esq.; Sir JOHN KNILL, Bart., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and ALBERT BOSANQUET, Esq., K.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery; holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.









A star (*) denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger (†) that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.


NEW COURT.—Monday, February 25th, 1901.

Before Mr. Recorder.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-192
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment

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192. HARRY NICHOLLS (20) and WILLIAM MASON (20) PLEADED GUILTY to burglary in the dwelling-house of Spicer Brothers, and stealing a brace and other articles; Nicholls having been convicted at Clerken well on April 18th, 1900. Four other convictions were proved against him. NICHOLLS— Eighteen months' hard labour. MASON— Two months' in the second divison.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-193
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentencesImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment > hard labour

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193. JACK HAMILTON (17) and FREDERICK NORTON (23) , to breaking and entering the counting-house of Edward Cecil Moore, and stealing a pair of opera glasses and a match box, also to burglary in the dwelling-house of William Hampton, with intent to steal. HAMILTON— Six months' hard labour. NORTON— Twelve months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-194
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty

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194. DAVID TUDOR (34) , to forging and uttering an order ₤12 10s., also a warrant for ₤12 10s., also to stealing ₤1, the money of Henry James Yelland Alway.— Six months in the second division. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-195
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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195. GEORGE HARMAN (27) , to stealing, while employed in the Post Office, a letter, a half-sovereign, a shilling, and three postage stamps, the property of H.M. Postmaster-General.— Nine months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-196
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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196. HENRY STUART GODDARD (34) , to stealing, while employed in the Post Office, a postal packet containing a stamp album and an order for 3s. 6d., the property of H.M. Postmaster-General— Nine months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-197
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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197. WILLIAM JOHN COOPER (23) , to stealing, while employed in the Post Office, a letter containing stamps and patterns, and an order for the payment of money, the property of H.M. Postmaster-General.— Nine months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-198
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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198. FERDINAND CECIL OPPETZ (19) , to four indictments for forging and uttering withdrawal orders from the Post Office Savings Bank.— Six months' in the second division. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] And

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-199
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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(199). CHARLES HARRINGTON REES (25) , to three indictments for stealing, while employed in the Post Office, three letters containing orders for 2s. 6d., 4s., and 2s. 6d., the property of H.M. Postmaster-General.— Nine months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

THIRD COURT.—Monday, February 25th, 1901.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-200
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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200. HARRY SAMPSON (27) and HENRY BROWN (37) PLEADED GUILTY to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Edmund Harvey, stealing one medal, 24 forks, and other goods; Sampson having been convicted of felony at North London Police-court on October 25th, 1899, in the name of John Carver, and Brown at Clerkenwell on May 1st,. 1900.— Five years' penal servitude each. And

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-201
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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(201) THOMAS FOLEY (31) , to feloniously marrying Catherine Smith, his wife being alive.— Four months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-202
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty; Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment > hard labour

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202. PATRICK BARRY (28) and JAMES DEVINE, Attempting to break open the shop door of Samuel Alderton. Second Count: Unlawfully possessing housebreaking instruments. DEVINE PLEADED GUILTY .

MR. GREENFIELD Prosecuted.

SAMUEL BACON (Detective, City). About 11.15 p.m. on Friday, February 1st, I was with Detective Sergeant Matthews in Cheapside—I saw Devine sitting down, and another man, followed by Barry, a yard or two behind, stop at the corner of Lawrence Lane—the three spoke together—Devine left them and went into the doorway of No. 98, and closed the door—Barry laid across an iron post at the corner of the turning, looking up and down the street—Devine came out of the doorway after about a minute, spoke to them again, and went back into the doorway—Barry then crossed the street to opposite No. 98—meeting an officer, I crossed the street to see what Devine wag doing, and saw him turning round in the doorway, which is about 5 ft. deep from the shop front—he was putting something up his sleeve—I caught hold of him, and asked him what ho was doing there—he said, "Nothing," and commenced to struggle violently—it took four officers to get him to the station—outside the door this jemmy was taken away from him in the struggle, from the same hand I saw him put up his sleeve—it was handed to me—Barry was arrested as he was facing the shop door—they were taken to the station and charged with attempting to break and enter this jeweller's shop at 98, Cheapside, and also having housebreaking instruments on them by night—I saw this steel saw found on Devine—on Barry I found about 4 1/2d. and a penknife.

Cross-examined by Barry. You came from the direction of Newgate Street—I did not see you strike a light—I found no tobacco pipe on you—you asked me for some tobacco, but it is against the rules to smoke in the station—no cigarettes were thrown away—there is no basket in the station.

WILLIAM MATTHEWS (Detective Sergeant, City). I was with Bacon—I saw Barry and two others going down Cheapside from the Post Office—they stood for a moment or two at the top of Lawrence Lane—Devine went into Mr. Alderton's doorway at 98, Cheapside—in about two minutes he came and spoke to Barry and the other man—Barry crossed to the corner of Queen Street, and watched—Devine went back to the doorway

—after about two minutes Bacon crossed the street, and I assisted him in arresting Devine—four of us took him to the station—he attempted to get something from his sleeve; it was taken from him—other officers Arrested Barry—they were taken to the station and charged with having housebreaking instruments, and attempting to break and enter—Barry said he had been drinking—I did not see him asking for a light—a clay pipe was found on him, but no cigarettes or tobacco, that I saw.

SAMUEL ALDERTON . I am a tailor, of 98, Cheapside—on the night of January 31st my shop was securely fastened—I next saw there had been an attempt to open it.

Barry's statement before the Magistrate: "I was not with the man that night. I may have stepped across the road to ask him for a match." He repeated this statement in his defence.

GUILTY .— Six months' hard labour. DEVINE*†— Nine months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-203
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty; Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment > hard labour

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203. LOUIS WICKHAM (28) and ERNEST DALEY (26) , Stealing a portmanteau and other goods, the property of William Douglas Bodkin and others. DALEY PLEADED GUILTY .

MR. CANCELLOR and MR. BODKIN Prosecuted.

WILLIAM DOUGLAS BODKIN . I am assistant master at Eton College—on January 11th I sent a portmanteau and nine packages by rail from Ringwood to Windsor—I only received eight at Windsor—a portmanteau was missing, in which were these two suits of clothes and some books and papers—I saw them safe in the portmanteau at Ringwood—I next saw the portmanteau in the hands of the police—these are some of the clothes marked with my name.

FREDERICK HICKS . I am a warehouseman for the London and South-western Railway at Ringwood—on January 11th I forwarded nine packages, including this portmanteau, by goods train, addressed to Mr. Bodkin at Windsor.

JOSEPH GWYNNE . I am employed by the London and South-Western Railway Company at Nine Elms—on January 12th I examined the contents of a truck of goods from Ringwood—I found nine packages, including this portmanteau—I sent them forward to the shed, where they would be forwarded by the Windsor truck.

WILLIAM BROOKER . I am employed by the London and South-Western Railway at Nine Elms—on January 12th I loaded a truck of goods for Windsor, including eight articles addressed to Mr. Bodkin—this portmanteau was not there.

BENJAMIN ALLEN (Dectective, W). On the afternoon of January 26th, with other officers, I visited Wickham's rooms at 141, Shakespeare Road, Herne Hill—I said to Wickham, "I am a police officer, and I am informed that you have got a quilt in your possession which was stolen from Clapham; also that you have got other stolen property in your possession"—he said he had not any stolen quilt or any other stolen property—I said, "That being so, do you mind my searching your room?"—he said, "No"—I searched the front room, which is used as a bedroom, and found under the bed this portmanteau—I said, "Is this your property?"—he said,

"Yes"—I said, "Are its contents yours, and where did you get them from?"—he said, "I bought it from Ted Daley, and gave him 4s. 6d. for it, about a fortnight ago"—I said, "Was there anything inside it?"—he said, "It contained shirts, clothing, and a quantity of papers"—I pointed out to him that the lock had been cut out of the portmanteau, and said, "Did you ask Daley how that was done, and how he obtained the portmanteau?"—he said, "No," but thought that Daley said that he got it from a cousin—assisted by officers, I searched the room—I found a great quantity of ladies' and gentlemen's clothing, which had been mutilated—the names were cut off, and it was torn about, but some was marked "W. T. D. Bodkin," and there were books with the same name, which Wickham said were in the portmanteau when he bought it—I then said, "I shall arrest you for receiving this property, well knowing it to have been stolen"—he said, "All right; I cannot say anything, as you have found the property here"—I took him to Brixton Police-station, where he was detained—about nine that night Daley was brought to the station—in Wickham's presence, I said to Daley, "I am a police officer, and this man," referring to Wickham, "says that he bought a portmanteau of you about a fortnight ago"—Daley said he had not sold him anything—the portmanteau was shown to Daley, but he still denied having sold it to Wickham. Wickham said to Daley, "You did bring it to my house," and shortly afterwards he said, "I went to live at Shakespeare Road in September last; Daley brought to my house a white cardboard box, containing ladies' clothing, and a kind of tunic; just before Christmas he brought a parcel containing books; a fortnight ago he brought the portmanteau, which contained clothes and papers, and that is the portmanteau which was found under my bed"—I read over to Daley what Wickham had said—Daley said, "It is true; and now I will tell you what he has done. About the middle of last October I used to work at Hayes, Cotton & Cos, Acre Lane, scenery people. Me and another chap broke into the place, whilst Wickham watched outside for a policeman. We broke into the place through a window at the back, and took a shawl and other things. We broke in again on another occasion, and took out a portmanteau. Wickham was with me then, and all the things were taken to his place, and were pawned by him. I afterwards started for Lavington Brothers, and Wickham went with me to the Midland Railway, Whitecross Street, from where we took a bag of lace; all of it was on cardboard. He has been selling it, while I had some of the money. We took it to Wickham's house. We next had a case of boots from Nine Elms; the boots were in cardboard boxes; we took the case from the down shed; and that was about a month or six weeks before Christmas. About two or three days before Christmas we had a turkey, cake, pudding, two picture books, and a white tablecloth; that was in a hamper from Nine Elms. About a fortnight ago I took the portmanteau from the down shed at Nine Elms, and took it to Wickham's house the same day. Wickham took it in, and I believe he gave me 5s. 6d. for it. Wickham said I had the stuff. When he says I was with him, he is telling lies. I was not with him when ho sneaked it"—they were then charged, Daley with stealing the portmanteau, and Wickham with receiving it—Daley said, "He has rounded on me, and I will round on him"—Wickham made no reply.

Cross-examined by Wickham. The stuff was cut about in such a

manner as to be quite useless—I should not say it had been cut for patterns.

JOHN THORLEY (Detective Sergeant, W) On January 26th I accompanied Allen to Wickham's house—I found 20 pawn tickets—four of them relate to property that has been produced; one to property lost by Mr. Bodkin, and one to the Norfolk suit identified by Mr. Bodkin—the two suits referred to by the tickets were found at pawnbrokers.

HARRY COX . I am an assistant to Mr. Knapp, a pawnbroker at Brixton—this suit of clothes and canvas shirt were pawned with me on January 12th for 12s. in the name of Ann Wickham.

JOHN BUCKLEY (Detective Sergeant, W). I searched 141, Shakespeare Road on January 26th, and found seven of these 17 cards of lace Produced.

Cross-examined by Wickham. I was in your house the day before, but not three days before your arrest.

HERBERT SAUNDERS (Policeman, W). On January 30th I further searched 141, Shakespeare Road—I found in a bag on a mail cart in the front room 10 of these cards of lace—they were covered up.

Cross-examined by Wickham. You gave me every assistance, and what you told me was true.

ALFRED DUDLEY DANCE . I live at Cedar Road, Nottingham—I am employed by Mr. Woodward, a lace merchant—on December 12th last I packed 30 to 40 cards of lace in a box, to be sent to Mr. Bewholt's, London—the parcel was handed to the Midland Railway agent for consignment by the Midland line, and the value was ₤5 11s. 10d.—the designs of these produced are ours—the tickets have my markings.

JOHN BILLINGS . I am a loader, employed by the Midland Railway Company at Whitecross Street—on December 13th I checked a parcel consigned to Mr. Bewholt's from Nottingham—I took it to its proper place for loading.

JOHN HENRY DEAN . I am a porter at Whitecross Street Goods Station, employed by the Midland Railway Company—on December 13th I saw a parcel which was addressed to Mr. Bewholt's, from Nottingham—I next saw it in the "Brought back" place, where refused parcels are placed, about 4 o'clock—I looked for it about five—it was missing.

JOHN WILKINSON . I am a checker in the employ of the Midland Railway Company—on Thursday, December 13th, I saw the prisoner Daley sitting down at the Whitecross Street Goods Yard about 4.20 p.m.—he had a trolley—I helped to load a van—there was no parcel addressed to Bewholt's.

Wickham called.

ERNEST DALEY (The prisoner). You worried me to come and live with you—you used to give me a little money for the parcels I got when you took them in—you used to pawn these things for 6s. or 7s., and I used to have some out of it—you were out of work at the time, and said, "Will you come and take things out of the bank and pawn them, and I will give you so much out of it?"—I got almost nothing out of it—you were with me two or three times when I took things.

Wickham put in a written statement to the effect that he was brought into this by Daley; that he never paid Daley for the goods which Daley left; and that he had assisted the police.


Daley was further charged with a conviction of felony at the South-Western Police-court on January 24th, 1899.

EDWARD COOPER (Police-Sergeant, W). I was present at the South-western Police-court on January 24th, 1899, when Daley was convicted of larceny and sentenced to one month's hard labour—this is the certificate (Produced).


Another conviction was proved against him. DALEY— Eighteen months' hard labour. WICKHAM— Fifteen months' hard labour.

NEW COURT.—Tuesday, February 26th, 1901.

Before Mr. Justice Phillimore.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-204
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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204. ANDREA PERETTA (24) , Feloniously shooting at Antonio de Martino, with intent to murder him. Second Count: With intent to maim and disable him. Third Count: To do him grievous bodily harm.

MR. DUMMETT Prosecuted, and MR. SYMONS Defended.

ANTONIO DE MARTINO (Interpreted). I live at 9, Cold Bath Square, Clerkenwell—on February 2nd I was with my wife at 46, Warner Street, after dinner—it is a private house—the prisoner came in; I was near the fire to warm myself, and he came and wanted to put an olive in my mouth—I said, "Thank you, I don't want it, because I am smoking"—he said, "You are a villain for not accepting this olive"—the landlady said, "You are insulting this man; go out"—the prisoner went out, and I went out shortly afterwards, and found him waiting for me—he no sooner saw me than he threatened me, swearing at me, and showing me a revolver—I said, "What have I done to you?"—he said, "I want to kill you tonight," and then he shot the first shot—I did not feel anything—I fell, and he continued shooting at me—my wife shouted out, "You have killed my husband"—a policeman took me to the hospital—I was wounded on my right arm—the doctors operated on me, but they cannot extract the bullet yet—another bullet passed my nose and cheek, but did not enter my body.

Cross-examined. I have known him two or three years, and have always been friends with him—this was at 9 o'clock on Saturday night, and all the shops were closed, because of the funeral of the Queen—I had been drinking, but not much; I was not drunk—I did not tap the prisoner on his shoulder, or pull off his cap—there was no quarrel, but he wanted to make me eat the olive—I did not follow him out; I remained in the house with my wife and the landlady—I went out shortly afterwards to go home, but if I had known that the prisoner was outside I should not have gone out—I had nothing in my hand, no rule or ruler—the prisoner was two steps from the door when I went out—he no sooner saw me than he fired the first shot at me—I moved backwards, and was about to fall, when he fired a second shot, and in the act of firing a third shot he swore at me and said, "I want to kill you to-night"—I am not sure whether I was hurt by the first shot, but when I fell I felt that I was shot—I do not know where I was hurt—I never had any questions with the prisoner.

Re-examined. He fired at me while I was on the ground, after the

second shot—it is a lodging-house, but the prisoner did not lodge there—(The Interpreter here explained that there was nothing insulting to an Italian in offering him an olive, but that the prosecutor was smoking at the time).

MARIA DE MARTINO (Interpreted). I am the prosecutor's wife—I was with him at 46, Warner Street—the prisoner came in and used an indecent and insulting expression to my husband, and said, "Take this olive"—my husband said, "No"—the landlady told the prisoner to go out, and he went out—I cannot say whether we stayed a few minutes or half an hour after he went out, but when we got outside the prisoner was a very little distance off, and as soon as he saw my husband he swore at him, and then he shot—he never ceased firing; he fired without interruption—my husband said, "I have done nothing; why do you want to kill me?"—when I saw my husband on the ground I thought he was killed, and called out, "What have you done?" and then the prisoner insulted me, and shot at me—I did not fall, but I moved backwards—I was not hit—the shot fired at me went into a window-pane—the police took my husband to the hospital.

Cross-examined. I cannot say whether I was in the house a quarter or half an hour—I was a step or two behind my husband when he went out—I was two steps outside the door when the first shot was fired—I then went one step forward between them and said, "Why do you want to kill my husband?"—he was, then on the ground.

By the JURY. When we went out, the prisoner was right in front of the door, waiting for my husband.

JOHN BUSINESS (Policeman, E). On February 2nd I was on duty in Ray Street, Clerkenwell, with Sergeant Callaghan, and heard a report of fire-arms—we went to the spot, and saw the injured man on the ground, and the prisoner on top of him, and he fired three shots in rapid succession—I rushed at him and knocked him down, and Callaghan got a revolver away from him—I said that we were police officers, and should take him in custody for shooting a man—he said, "No, not me"—people came round, and several knives were drawn—we got him to the station—he said, "Me not do it; no, not me"—this revolver (Produced) has been loaded in five chambers—I heard one shot before we went into Warner Street—the prisoner was then holding the prosecutor on the ground, with his hand on his chest, and he fired three shots point-blank at him, and as he got up he fired another shot, making five—the wife was there, pulling the man—it is a very old revolver; I do not think it has been used for a considerable time.

Cross-examined. He had left off firing when I got hold of him—I was six yards from him when he fired the three shots—one of the shots might have been fired at the woman—he fired wild, and a tradesman there put his head down—the prisoner was not excited, but he struggled to get away—he was calm, as far as I could see—we all get excited over fire-arms—I knocked him down and put my foot on him—when he got up I found no trace of drink about him—I did not know whether there were any more shots in the revolver—I think the first shot was the one that scratched his nose.

WILLIAM CHAMBERLAIN (Police Inspector, E). I received this revolver

from Sergeant Callaghan—it contained five cartridges, all of which had been discharged—the cartridge produced, resembles these in the revolver.

FRANCIS WYATT EDDISON . I am medical officer of the Royal Free Hospital—De Martino was brought there on February 2nd—he had a wound on the upper part of his left arm, a graze on his nose, and another on his ear—the bullet in not extracted yet—we made the attempt—he was in the hospital 11 days—I do not think it will trouble him if it is left there.

Cross-examined. In my opinion the grazes were not caused by a bullet; they were too broad.

The prisoner, in his defence, stated, on oath, that he was a little bit in drink, and that the prosecutor, who had been drinking, came in, and gave him a box on his ear in a joking way, and said, "How are you?"; that he took an olive out of his pocket and said, "Take this, although you have given me a box on the ear"; that the prosecutor used insulting words, and said, "Who sold you the olive? If you are not satisfied I will give you another box on the ear," and then the landlady turned him out, and De Martino followed him, with a compass in his hand; that he then fired in the air to frighten De Martino, when he said, "I will kill you; I will make two holes in your breast"; and that on hearing that he fired three or four shots in the air, but only to frighten him; and that as they fell he seized the compass and threw it away.

Evidence for the Defence.

ANTONIA CAIRO . I live at 46, Warner Street—on February 2nd, about 9 p.m., I was on the ground floor, and the prisoner came in—he and I were talking, and a quarter of an hour afterwards De Martino came in and knocked the prisoner's head, in a joke—I saw they were both in drink, and went about my business, and saw nothing more.

JOHN BUSINESS (Re-examined). I have never heard anything about the compass till to-day, or of a ruler—the prisoner was not below when they fell—the shots were not all fired before he fell—he held him down with his left hand, and was firing downwards—this was one or two houses off'; they are very small houses.

By the JURY. I was seven yards from the corner of the street, four or five houses; there is a large public-house at the corner, and I had to turn the corner before I saw them—I know where the prisoner lives—he was not going the nearest way home, but there is not much difference—De Martino lives in Barker Street—that is behind—he was coming away from his home.

The prisoner received a good character. GUILTY of unlawfully wounding. The police stated that the prisoner was a very violent character, and generally carried fire-arms, and had been sentenced to six months' hard labour for attempting to shoot a person .—Eighteen months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-205
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment > penal servitude

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205. ISAAC ROBERT JONES (35) and LYDIA EMMA JONES (34) , Feloniously killing and slaying Ethel Caroline Jones.

MR. HUTTON Prosecuted.

FANNY MAY . I am the wife of George Albert May, a carman of 28, Parr Street, Shoreditch—the prisoners and their children, Florence, aged 14, Mary, aged 12, the deceased, aged 5, and Frederick, aged 3, lodged with

us in two rooms on the first floor for about two years—the male prisoner is a printer, and went out daily to work between eight and nine, and returned home about twelve at night—he was at home on Sundays—the female prisoner was confined on January 14th—for some weeks prior to that I had-not seen much of Ethel—I went up to Mrs. Jones on January 14th to see what I could do for her—the doors were in a filthy condition—I went up to clean them on the 17th—the door of the back room was fastened—I asked Mrs. Jones why it was locked—she said it was not locked—I tried to turn the handle, but could not, and put my knee to it and forced it—the room was in a filthy condition, and very offensive—Ethel was asleep on the bed—I did not notice the bed—I told Mrs. Jones the room would have to be cleaned, and that I should be up on Friday to see if it was done—I went and saw the bed in the children's room; it was empty, and the oldest girl, Florence, was behind the door, concealing something—I called out Ethel byname, and Florence said, "You must not speak to Ethel; she will cry"—I then saw her behind Florence—she was in a dying condition, and most horribly filthy, I hope I shall never see such a sight again—her hair was matted with vermin and sores—her red tunic and pinafore were clean—I took her and said, "Mrs. Jones, what have you been doing to Ethel?"—she said, "Oh, she is all right"—she was thin in the face, and had the appearance of being perfectly bloodless, and her lips were purple—she cried for a sip of water—I gave her some brandy and water, and some very fine bread and milk, which she took ravenously—I took her to Dr. Williams in the evening, and he gave me certain instructions as to treatment—I took her home and gave her the medicine, and cut off her hair as close as I could, and burnt it, and washed her head with soft soap, and wrapped it up with lotion—her body was clean—the next morning she seemed much worse, and I fetched the doctor—she died the following morning about 3.30—the condition of dirt was evidently of long standing—the heads of the other children were also verminous—the mother was able to go about and do her work, up to her confinement—she would go out about 8 a.m., and would return, as a rule, with her husband at or after twelve—I know they used one particular public-house—she told me on January 19th that she had sent Florence about the insurance, to see what was owing on their books—they were all insured—she told me her husband gave her ₤1 a week, and sometimes more.

Cross-examined by the prisoner Isaac. You kept your children well when your wife was away for 21 days.

By the COURT. That was three years last November—he used to come home at night and wash them and put them to bed, and he even washed his own towels in his room to keep the children clean—I have never seen him the worse for drink.

Lydix Emma Jones. He says I was out every night at eight, it is a wicked story; I used to go out for the supper beer; I was in bed at eleven for months before I was confined.

ALBERT MAY . I am the husband of the first witness—about a month before Christmas, I said to the female prisoner, "Mrs. Jones, whatever is the matter with Ethel? she is looking very bad"—she said, "She is only white because she is trembling"—I said, "You ought to take her to the doctor"—about a fortnight before Christmas I went to the back room—it

was in a very bad condition—Mrs. Jones was out, and about, up to her confinement was quite able to look after her children—the male prisoner was out all day except Sundays and part of Saturdays, when he would see the children—I often spoke to Mrs. Jones about the children being so dirty—she only said, "All right, Mr. May"—I very seldom saw the husband.

Cross-examined by Isaac. You looked after the children well when your wife was away.

ELIZA BIRD . I am married, and live at 2, Parr Street, Hoxton—I attended on the female prisoner for a fortnight after her confinement, going in each morning—I passed my time in the front room—on January 16th I went into the back room, which I found in a shocking condition—Ethel was under the table—I did not examine her then—I saw her on January 18th; she was in a filthy condition, covered with vermin—her hair was matted with blood and vermin—I asked the mother how the child got into that state—she did not answer—the child was emaciated—Frederick's head was also covered with sores and vermin—there was a bed of filthy rags in the back room, with thousands of lice crawling over it—the deceased child and two others slept in it.

HENRY BENNETT (37, G.R.) I am Coroner's officer for the parish of Shoreditch—on Monday, January 21st, I went to 28, Parr Street, where I saw the female prisoner in bed, and asked her for particulars of the death of her child—she said that the child was healthy up to two weeks before I was there, but then began to look pale; that it ate its food well, and was not sick at all, and went on well till Friday, the 18th, and was then a bit feverish, and she sent it to Dr. Williams, who gave her some medicine, and the next evening it seemed better, and the next day it sunk and died—I went into the back room, but the smell was so bad that I had to get Mrs. May, the landlady, to go in and open the window before I could go in—the bed consisted of old material and rags, evidently wetted by the children—I was told that the deceased child and two others slept on this heap of rags—the cover was a piece of material like sacking—the deceased's head was matted, and full of live nits and scabs—she had been laid out 24 hours, and hundreds of lice were running over her—the heads of the other children were sore and verminous.

GEORGE LOWDEN (Inspector, R.S.P.C.C.) I went with the last witness to 28, Parr Street, on January 21st, after I had been to the mortuary—the bedding was in a most filthy condition; the atmosphere of the room stunk awfully—I went the following day, and saw the male prisoner—he came down to see me in Mrs. May's parlour—I told him who I was, and gave him my card—I cautioned him that if he made any statement I should take it down in writing—(This stated that fie earned 30s. a week on an average, of which he gave his wife ₤1, out of which she paid 7s. for rent; that sometimes he gave her more; that he was at work all day, and his wife would meet him in the evening, at a public-house; that they did not get drunk, but his wife pawned a number of things; and that he did not notice the condition of the children.)—I went to the house the next day and saw the children—their heads were a mass of moving vermin and filth.

JAMES WILLIAMS , M.D. I live at 37, Shaftesbury Street, Shoreditch

—on January 18th, about 7.30 p.m., Mrs. May brought the child to me—she was apparently in a dying condition—the head was in a filthy condition, and full of lice and sores, the result of irritation by the lice; the hair was covered with nits—the body was emaciated—the state of the head would be of long standing—there was no organic disease—I prescribed for the child, and I was fetched the next day—I found it rather worse; in fact, I did not expect it to last more than an hour or so—it died the following morning—I made a post-mortem examination—it weighed 26lb.—the normal weight of a child of that age (five years) would be about 48lb. or 49lb.—there was a total absence of subcutaneous fat, and the child was very bloodless—the upper stomach contained some recently digested food—the lower intestimes were shrivelled, empty, and transparent—the conclusion I arrived at was that the child died from starvation—there was no evidence of organic disease in any of the organs—the irritation alone would be maddening and weakening—the child's condition before death would have been observable to anybody, probably for weeks—the heads of the other children were in almost as bad a condition—the back room was certainly not fit for habitation—the eldest child seemed a little weak; the other two were fairly healthy, except the state of their heads.

By the COURT. I do not think it a case in which food might have been given to the child, and not digested.

BENJAMIN MORGAN (Police Inspector, G.) I was present at the inquest with the prisoners—I took them into custody for manslaughter—they made no reply.

Isaac Jones's defence: The last two or three weeks before the child's death I was working late at night. My father died, and I was running about attending to the funeral arrangements. I did not know how things were going on.

Emma Jones's defence: The child was never starved. All the children had food; as much as I did.

GUILTY. The JURY stated that they did not consider the male prisoner's offence so bad as the woman's. ISAAC JONES— Six months' hard labour. LYDIA EMMA JONES— Five years' penal servitude.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-206
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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206. MAURICE SHEEHAN (30) , Feloniously wounding Mary Ann Sheehan, with intent to murder her.

MR. MARTIN Prosecuted.

MARY ANN SHEEHAN . I live at 7, Whitehorse Street, Ratcliff; and am the prisoner's wife—we were separated by a Magistrate's order last May—I have not lived with him since—on January 29th I was going to work at about 6.15 a.m., when I met the prisoner at the bottom of the court—he said, "Oh, I've got you"—I said, "What's the matter?"—he said, "We will see what's the matter," and then he hit me on the the head, and I was on the ground—I did not see what he had in his hand—he hit me five or six times—Idid not become senseless—my brother came up with another man and rescued me—I was taken to the Police-station and chargred the prisoner, and then to the sick asylum.

Cross-examined by the prisoner. I was not cohabiting with another man.

CHARLES TARLING . I am a brother of the last witness, and live at 7, Whitehorse Street, Stepney—I am a stevedore—I was in Brook Street, Ratcliff, on the morning in question, and I saw my sister on her knees—the prisoner was striking her on the head with this piece of iron gas pipe (Produced)—I rushed up and caught him by the throat—a gentleman on a bicycle came up and took the iron from him—the prisoner seemed to stagger—I was holding him quietly when he tripped me, and we fell—I held him till a constable arrived.

ROBERT MACDONALD (98 H). I was in Brook Street when the prisoner was detained by Tarling, who gave him into my charge for assaulting his sister by striking her on the head with a lump of iron—he said, "All right, I will go with you"—he said that he was rather jealous of his wife.

CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT . I am Police Surgeon of the H Division—I was called on January 29th, about 6.45, to see the prosecutrix—three square inches of the scalp over the occiput, or back of the head, were practically cut into strips, with incisure wounds intersecting, and all penetrating to the bone—there was a long cut on the third finger of her left hand, and she had lost a considerable quantity of blood—the wounds must have been inflicted with great violence—the iron produced would be a very likely weapon—inflammation set in, and I sent her to the sick asylum—the wounds have nearly healed—the skull resists because of its shape and structure, but the soft tissues were destroyed for the time being.

Prisoner's defence: I have nothing more to say than I said to my wife—she has been committing adultery, and going about with another man, and I caught them together at 3 o'clock in the morning.

GUILTY .— Eight years' penal servitude.

THIRD COURT.—Tuesday, February 26th, 1901.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-207
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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207. FREDERICK KING (27) PLEADED GUILTY to feloniously marrying Ellen Duffy, his wife being alive.— Six months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-208
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentencesImprisonment > hard labour

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208. THOMAS KELVINGTON (25) , to forging and uttering a cheque for ₤40 on Prescott, Dimsdale & Co., Ltd., also to forging and uttering the endorsement on the said forged cheque, also to forging and uttering two cheques for ₤25 each on the London and Westminster Bank, Ltd., and forging and uttering the endorsements on the same.— Twelve months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-209
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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209. GEORGE ARTHUR COX (25) , to marrying Ethel Sarah Powell, his wife being alive.— One month without hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-210
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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210. CHARLES THOMAS LOWRY (32) , to carnally knowing Jessie Mary Ann Lowry, a girl above the age of 13 years and under the age of 16 years. Two convictions of assault were proved against him.— Six months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] And

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-211
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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(211) JOSEPH SANDS (31) , to breaking and entering the dwelling house of Salmon & Gluckstein, and stealing tobacco, cigars, and other articles, after a conviction on May 2nd, 1900. Six other convictions were proved against him. Five years' penal servitude. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

FOURTH COURT.—Tuesday, February 26th, 1901.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-212
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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212. CHARLES EVANS (27) , Forging and uttering an order for the payment of ₤9 6s. 8d., with intent to defraud.

MR. ARTHUR GILL Prosecuted.

HENRY STANDISH HERBERT . I am a clerk at Lloyd's Bank, St. James's Street Branch—on January 31st this order for a cheque-book (Produced) was received—it purports to be signed by Mr. Walter Levett, who has an account there, of 10, Wilton Street, Belgravia—I compared the signature with Mr. Levett's signature, and they did not at all agree—in consequence I wrote to Mr. Levett, saying that as the signature differed considerably, we should be glad to have the order confirmed—I subsequently received this letter, saying, "It is quite correct; the difference may be because I am in bed"—I thereupon despatched the cheque-book to that address—it contained 60 forms, Nos. 44661 to 44720—the cheque produced, and marked "A," is the first out of that book.

GEORGE HOAD . I am a coachman out of employment—since December 20th I have been caretaker at 10, Wilton Street—I did not know Mr. Levett, and he does not live there—the prisoner visited me at 10, Wilton Street daily, helping me-up with boxes—the house belongs to Miss Vereker, and the stationery produced is hers—this card (Produced) was left at the door—my little daughter put her name on the top, and all the rest of the writing, including the words "Walter Levett, was written by the prisoner—the prisoner told me that he was waiting to go by a Cunard Line boat, that they were giving him a retainer of ₤4 per month till the boat went, and then it was to be ₤8 per month—on March 5th, about 12.30, he said he was going to Cockspur Street to get the money—he returned in 15 or 20 minutes, and said, "I have got my money"; I said, "You have been very quick"; he said, "I rode back"—he showed me four sovereigns, which he paid Mr. Brown had given him—he paid me about 10s. that he owed me—a gentleman came from Lloyd's Bank two days later, and showed me a paper—subsequently I saw the prisoner, and told him someone had been from the bank, inquiring about a letter or a book for Mr. Levett—he made some remark, but I did not take particular notice what—the next day two police officers came, and on Saturday, February 9th, I went with the police to Victoria—the prisoner was playing at billiards, and I pointed him out to them—I did not hear what passed between him and the officers, as I was on the other side of the room—when letters arrived at first they were laid about, downstairs on the table, and then I sent them to Brighton and 16, Sloane Square—I never saw a packet or a letter addressed to Mr. Levett.

FREDERICK ARNOLD . I am a butcher, of 54 and 56, Elizabeth Street, Pimlico—the prisoner came to my shop on February 5th, about 8 p.m. and asked if we would cash the cheque produced, for Mr. Levett—I asked who Mr. Levett was, and he said a gentleman who had taken 101, Eaton Square—I know that house, and I said, "Mr. Levett does not live at 101, Eaton Square; I know the lady who lives there; Mrs. Close"—he said that Mrs. Close did live there, but Mr. Levett had taken the house from

her, and his butler, who was a Belgian, and could scarcely make himself understood, asked him if he would bring this cheque over to me to cash—I knew there was a foreign butler living there, as he bad been in my shop on several occasions, and he could scarcely make himself understood—I thought there was some truth in what he was saying—he told me he was the odd man in the house—I cashed the cheque.

HARRY EDMUND MORGAN . I am a cashier at Lloyd's Bank, St. James's Street Branch—the cheque produced was presented to me for payment through Messrs. Barclay & Co.—it was paid, and subsequently returned—as far as my memory goes, I do not consider that the signature on the cheque resembles Mr. Levett's writing in any way—I cashed the cheque under the manager's instructions—I have compared the writing upon the cheque with that upon the card produced—I should say it was the same—the order for the cheque-book, and the order confirming it, are written and signed by the same person.

WALTER LEWSON BIRD LEVETT . I live at Davenport, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, and have an account at Lloyd's Bank—the cheque and the two letters produced, purporting to be signed by me, were not written by me, nor with my knowledge or authority—I know the prisoner by sight—he was footman to my mother-in-law, Mrs. Lambert.

CHARLES ALFRED NOLDER . I live at 36, Bellsbridge Road, Acton, and I am a clerk in the employment of the Cunard Company—they had no man in their employment named Charles Evans in February—I do not know the prisoner—it is not the custom of the Company to pay a retainer of ₤4 a month to persons in their service when not on duty—the prisoner has never been to our office, as far as I know, to get money—there is no one in the London offices named Brown—all the employees on the ships, if they were paid for any time on shore, would be paid at Liver pool, and not at our office in town.

GEORGE WALLACE (Police Sergeant) On February 9th I went to Victoria Street with Chief Inspector Leach, where I saw the prisoner—I told him that we were police officers, and that I should arrest him on the charge of forging and uttering an order for the delivery of a cheque-book containing 60 blank forms of banker's cheques, and, further, with forging and uttering a cheque at a butcher's for ₤9 6s. 8d. on Lloyd's Bank, 16, St. James's Street—he said, "I do not know anything about it; I never sent for any cheque-book, neither did I cash a cheque at the butcher's"—I conveyed him to Gerald Road Police-station, placed him with nine others of similar stature; Mr. Arnold was called in, and immediately picked the prisoner out—on the Monday morning I showed him the two order forms and cheque—he was then charged, and said, "I deny the charge, the same as I did when you arrested me"—I found on him ₤2 10s. in gold, 7s. 6d. in silver, and 1 1/2d. in bronze.

The prisoners statement before the Magistrate: "I am not guilty I was in Mr. Hoad's company from 12.30 till past 6 o'clock."

The prisoner, in his defence, stated that the ₤4 which he received was not a retaining fee, but was paid in consequence of an agreement which he had with Mr. Brown; that if he did not start soon Mr. Brown would allow him ₤4 as a loan, which he was to repay when he started.

GUILTY .— Twelve months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-213
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty; Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude; Imprisonment > hard labour

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213. JOHN JONES (22) and JOHN PHELPS (19) , Robbery with violence on Leoncie Blanc, and stealing from her person a purse and chain, and other articles, and 2s. 6 1/2d., her money. JONES PLEADED GUILTY .

MR. JOHNSTON Prosecuted.

LEONCIE BLANC (Interpreted.) I live at 31, Alfred Place, Tottenham Court Road—on the evening of February 15th I was going home, and about 6.30 I was attacked by Phelps in Tottenham Court Road—I did not see him before he attacked me—he jumped on me from behind, caught at my throat, and tried to throttle me—he seized a long chain, with a purse attached to it, and some charms, which fell, and a lady picked them up—I shouted, "Thief!" went after him, and saw him arrested—I never lost sight of him—I did lose sight of Jones.

SARAH SCHERZEN . I live at 52, Camden Street, Camden Town—on the evening of February 15th I was going to meet my husband—about 6.30, just against the Beoford Hotel, Bailey Street, Tottenham Court Road, I saw two men rush at the prosecutrix, and catch hold of her throat—they struggled, and she ran and called out something in her own language, and the two men ran away—I left the crowd, and went across to meet my husband, and as I was crossing the road I saw these trinkets lying in the gutter, near to where the struggle took place—I picked them up and took them to the Police-station—I cannot identify the men.

ALFRED SCHOLES (Police Sergeant, D.) About 6 30 p.m. on February 15th I was in Tottenham Court Road, near the Oxford Street end, and saw the prisoners—I noticed Jones's movements, as being rather suspicious, and I watched them to the corner of Bailey Street, and saw them hustle the prosecutrix—I could not cross the road owing to the traffic being so thick—I heard the prosecutrix shout—both prisoners went down Bailey Street—I recognised Jones as a person I had seen before, and I gave chase after Phelps, whom I did not know—he ran north, along Tottenham Court Road, down Windmill Street, into Whitfield Street—I had blown my whistle and shouted, "Stop thief!" and a police officer, who was crossing Whitfield Street, stopped Phelps just as I was going to get hold of him—I had not lost sight of him—I told him that he would be charged with robbery probably—he said, "I never pulled it; it was the other man; I never touched the lady"—the witness Scherzen came to the station, and handed me the charms.

Phelps's statement before the Magistrate; "I was about 15 yards away, standing against a cab, when this was done; I turned, and saw the other prisoner running away, and I ran with him, thinking that if I was seen with him I should be taken also. I did not go near the lady, and I saw no signs of violence."

GUILTY .—Five previous convictions were proved against Jones, and one against Phelps. JONES— Five years' penal servitude; PHELPS— Eighteen months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-214
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

Related Material

214. HARRY FRANKS (28) , Stealing a purse and 4s. 4d. from the person of Ethel Moore

MR. GRAIN Prosecuted.

ETHEL MOORE . I am clerk at the British Goldsmiths' Company, 48, Gray's Inn Road—on February 14th, about 12.30, I was in Mansion

House Street, and I felt a hand in my pocket, and when I turned round it disappeared—there were some people in front of me, but no one behind me except the prisoner—I felt in my pocket, and I missed my purse, which contained 4s. 4d.—I spoke to a gentleman, but he took no notice; I then told a policeman, who walked after the prisoner towards Mansion House Street—I was taken afterwards to the Police-station, and identified the prisoner as the man who put his hand into my pocket. (The witness fainted, and was taken out of Court.)

JOHN DAVEY (513, City). About 12.50 on February 14th I was on duty outside the Mansion House, and in consequence of something the last witness said, I followed the prisoner—he turned round and saw me and the prosecutrix approaching him, and began to run—I followed him, and caught him up in George Street—he was momentarily out of my sight when turning out of Mansion House Place into George Street—when I caught him I said, "What are you running for?"—he said, "I am excited, and I have had a drop of drink"—I said, "This girl accuses you of having stolen her purse"—he said, "I have not got the purse; you can search me"—I took him to the station, where he was charged—he said, "Undoubtedly the girl has brothers of her own, and you are trying to tread upon my character."

Cross-examined by the prisoner. Seventeen shillings was found upon you at the Police-station, but no purse.

ETHEL MOORE (Cross-examined.) I did not lose sight of you—no purse was found on you, and no one else was with you—I do not know whether you threw any purse away—I told the constable I did not want to go to the station if I could help it.

The prisoner, in his defence, on oath, stated that he was standing outside the Mansion House, waiting for an omnibus, and the prosecutrix was standing there too, and he, being an unfortunate man, was apprehended for stealing the purse, which he knew nothing about, and although he had a bad character he was innocent.

GUILTY .—He then PLEADED GUILTY to a conviction at Guildhall on June 1st, 1899. Nine other convictions were proved against him.— Five years' penal servitude.

NEW COURT.—Wednesday and Thursday, February 21th and 28th,


Before Mr. Justice Phillimore.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-215
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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215. MAUD AMELIA EDDINGTON (22) PLEADED GUILTY to feloniously attempting to murder herself. ( See next case.)

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-216
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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216. MAUD AMELIA EDDINGTON was again indicted for the wilful murder of John Bellis.



JOHN HAROLD SHEAD . I am a tram conductor, of 151, Walden Road, Kentish Town—on January 14th, about 3 p.m., I was on the footboard of my car in Fleet Road, Hampstead, about four doors from No

194, and heard two distinct reports of fire-arms—I ran across to an oil-shop; the door was open—the first thing I saw was the body of a woman lying at full length on the ground, stretched out and motionless on her back, her head towards the door, and a revolver in her hand, which was outstretched and on the floor—her body was along by the side of the counter—her head was about 4ft. from the door, in a slanting direction, and about 4in. from the partition which encloses the window; she had a toque on—she had powder-marks on her left temple—it was the prisoner—her eyes were shut—I looked in her face, but said nothing to her—her clothes were in proper order, not disturbed—on looking at the back of the shop I saw the body of a man in a stooping position, against some packages, on his right side—his full back was towards me; his head was erect; his face was looking straight down on to the floor—there was a wound behind his left ear, and blood was flowing from it—as I went in there was a pair of steps between me and him—the counter was on the right, and the shelves on the left—there were a lot of articles on the floor—the steps were straight up, at a slight angle, and their rope slightly slack—they were at a half angle with the woman's feet—the part towards me was the back of the steps, and her feet were slightly on the side of the steps, about 6in.—her feet went beyond it—there were 9in. or 10in. between the steps and the counter—the front or mounting part of the steps was about 6in. from the counter—there was room for a person to get between the counter and the steps—but it would be a tight squeeze—there was only about 2in. or 3in. on the other side—I could not get by on one side, some people might, but no one could get by on the other side—the man's legs were drawn up as if he was cramped, and in his right hand was a string, attached to which were some broom handles by a loop of string—his left hand was lying by his side, and at the back of it were some short-handled carpet brooms, which had fallen down from some pegs behind—I believe they were fastened with string through a hole in the handles—I do not recognise the brooms produced—I could not tell whether the man was alive or dead—I could not see his mouth or eyes; they were right down—I squeezed past the steps as far as the space could permit—I took the revolver out of the woman's hand and laid it on the ground—I was the only person in the body of the shop, but several persons followed me to the door, but did not come in—Mr. Griffiths came from the back of the shop—I did not touch the wounded man; I could net without climbing over the goods—I spoke to Mr. Griffiths, and went out immediately to my car—I did not help the woman up—her feet were nearly 3ft. from the man's body—I saw blood on the floor, just under the man's mouth, and saw a wound at the back of his head—there was no blood on the woman's clothing—on January 17th I went to the shop again with Inspector Waite, and arranged the steps, to the best of my knowledge, as they were when I saw them—I did not touch anything on the counter—there was a photographer there—I made a mark with a piece of chalk in case a customer should push the steps away—this photograph (Produced) shows the position in which, to the best of my recollection, I found the steps on the Monday afternoon.

Cross-examined. My tram car was blocked by the traffic, and it might start at any moment—I did not stay more than a minute in the shop, and went out as soon as Mr. Griffiths came in—I was considerably surprised and startled by hearing the shot and what I saw in the shop—the woman's body and the man's were the main things which concentrated my attention—I remember that the steps were not fully stretched out, but nearly fully; the cord was limp—one rope appeared tighter than the other—I did say before the Coroner, "They were opened wide to the full length of the rope"—my memory misled me—I could not see the body without looking round the side of the steps—the woman was on the floor, parallel with the counter, and her hat was touching this window partition; her feet were between the steps and the counter—the man's body was not actually on the floor, but leaning against the packages; his feet were on the floor—the woman's feet were between 2ft. and 3ft. from the man's body—I stepped over the woman's feet and got about half way past the steps—the bottom step is broader than the top—between the nearest part of the bottom step there was about a foot and a half to the counter; the counter recedes underneath—you can put three stacks of wood under it: it is about 4ft. high—the side of the steps would be at an angle—that would broaden the passage at the top of the counter—there would be only 6in. from the glass case to the steps; the top part would be just double—no portion of the steps was under the glass case.

Re-examined. The counter is about 3ft. high, and above that there is a ledge which is nearer the customers than the shopman—there is a glass case attached to the ledge—I could not get past the far end of the steps; I got past the back—I pushed them in trying to get past; they would get further from the counter as I pushed by—I noticed on the photograph that a piece of wood has been nailed on the steps with a toothed end, as if they had been mended.

WILLIAM WAITE (Police Inspector.) On January 25th I went to 94, Fleet Road, for the attendance of a photographer, and also of Shead, who placed the steps in position, and a photograph was taken.

GEORGE GRIFFITHS . I am an oilman, of 94, Fleet Road, Hampetead—the deceased, John Bellis, was one of my nephews—he was 24 last April—at one time I carried on business at Penton Street, Pentonville, but have been away six years, and he was my assistant there, and also his brother, Edward—Penton Street is near Amwell Street—I have seen the prisoner in the shop there as a customer, and in that way her acquaintance with my nephew was made—when I gave up that business I left ray nephews behind to carry it on for somebody else—I had the intention of returning, and went to live in Wales—I returned to London in 1900, and in March took a business with the object of establishing my nephew John, who was assisted by his brother Edward for two months or more—I was on the premises between March and May, when Mrs. Griffiths came there; she was not with me on the two former occasions, and the prisoner came and had tea with me and my nephew John; that was the only occasion I saw her in the living part of the house—in May I went into regular residence with my wife—I do not think I saw the prisoner again in 1900—we

close on Thursdays between five and six, and on Sundays my nephew was free all the year round—he never mentioned that he was continuing to see the prisoner from time to time from May to September, but I knew it—I never saw them together between those dates after the Sunday when they had tea, but I believe his Sunday evenings were spent in her company—he went to Wales to spend Christmas and was away five days—the week after Christmas my wife brought me a letter, which I read carefully and gave it back to her—I did not know the writing—Edward Bellis was not back there after June—I do not know of a meeting between my nephew John and the prisoner after Christmas—there was a difference between the brothers before Edward left, and he left partially on that account—I did not close early on Thursday, January 10th, nor in November or December—I close ordinarily at 10 p.m.—on Thursday, January 10th, I was going out at a quarter to eight, and saw the prisoner—she did not go to the shop, but walked past me—Amwell Street is three miles from Fleet Road—my nephew did not go out that night; he was in the shop when I went out, and I found him there when I came back—there was no one else to attend to the shop—it was his habit to go to the Welsh labernacle, Charing Cross, when he was free, and he went out to go there on Sunday evening, January 13th, I do not know at what time, or when he came back—on Monday, January 14th, I contemplated placing an oil engine in the shop, quite at the end of the counter—a piece had been taken away in the morning, but the engine was not put up—some packages had been removed from the spot and placed on the floor, and that allowed an uninterrupted view by anyone who stood at the front of the counter to see persons at the back of the counter—I hang brushes or broom-heads on hooks on the shop ceiling—steps for the use of the shop are kept sometimes at the door and sometimes at the back of the shop—we put anything out of our hands on the side counter; starch would be kept there—some brushes like these (Produced) were hanging near the door prior to 3 o'clock, and some broom-heads like these—I believe I gave some instructions to my nephew John about the brushes prior to 3 o'clock—I went from the kitchen or parlour through the doorway to the shop on the Monday afternoon, prior, I believe, to 3 o'clock—I went to the back of the shop to the cistern, and as I was going back I looked into the shop and saw the prisoner standing about the middle of the counter, where a customer would stand, and on the customers' side—she had a pair of gloves in her hand—there was no one else on the shop side of the counter—I could not see my nephew; he would be obscured from my view by the packages, which were about a foot from where the engine was afterwards placed—I did not hear a word spoken—I did not speak to the prisoner, or recognise her in any way—I returned to the kitchen, where I had left my wife, and found her there, and in about a minute I heard three shots; about equally distant—I did not think they were pistol shots; they were reports—immediately afterwards I heard someone call out for the police—I went into the shop and saw my nephew—his back was partly to the door, and his face from it—his head went down, with his right arm up—he was supported on the packages behind him—I believe he reached the ground—his feet were

towards his right hand and partly stretched out towards the counter—his hands dropped down—these brushes were on his right hand, and I took them off his finger—this other bundle (Brushes) was near his left hand; they had dropped from his fingers—both the brushes and the broom-heads were on the ground—I noticed a wound on the left side of the back of his head, and blood coming from it—there was blood on the ground, on the side where his head inclined—his lip was bleeding, and there was blood down the front of his clothes—he had an apron on, but not a high one—he was breathing, but did not speak; he was in a condition of collapse—his eyes were not open—the prisoner was lying on her back, with her head towards the door—she had a hat on—I saw no disarrangement of her dress, nor any blood on it—my nephew had his back to her, three-parts—a revolver was on the ground near her hand—I called Mrs. Griffiths, who came almost immediately—I do not remember anything about the shop steps—it is my impression that they were there, but I am not sure—when I did see them they were lying down on the packages; that was immediately after my nephew was removed away—a number of people had been into the shop then; the police and the doctor—there was an unoccupied hook on the ceiling, right above where the deceased was standing, and it was his duty to bring such things as these and hang them on the hook—I remained where he was, calling for the police, and did not go forward—my wife passed me and went to my nephew—the police came, and a doctor—until the doctor came the prisoner remained in the same position; she did not get up or speak—the doctor ordered my nephew's removal to the hospital, and before he was removed my wife said, "You cruel Maud, killing my boy," or something to that effect, and she said, "It is your fault, Mrs. Griffiths"—after I had fetched my wife I saw a second spot of blood at the end of the counter, in the gangway that leads you behind the counter—it was not as big as the other; it might have been 2ins.; I called my wife's attention to it, and the doctor's, and she mopped it up at once—I saw no disarrangement of the things on the counter or shelves, or any indications of their being brushed against or moved in the course of a struggle—I have a desk beside the window, and a long-handled broom was hanging on it—on January 15th I made a search in the shop, and found a piece of that broom on the floor; this is it (Produced)—that caused me to examine the broom, and I found that a piece had gone—under it there were some brooms tied together, and under them I found a bullet—I gave it to Detective Ballard, and on the Friday a second bullet was brought to me by a customer, who made a statement where it was found—this is it (Produced)—on January 14th several packets were on the counter, and, among them, one of starch—when the prisoner was on the ground her gloves were on the counter—I knew that she and my nephew John were corresponding—I do not know of any sum of ₤40 which he was to have, or not to have, under particular circumstances; I bought the goodwill and the stock in the shop; if he lost anything, he would lose everything, not ₤40—these are the steps of which I have been speaking (Produced).

Cross-examined. When I saw the prisoner in the shop it startled me a little—I saw that she was looking at me, and had her gloves off—if the

steps had been standing in the centre of the shop I could have seen her between them—I cannot tell whether I was looking at her through the steps; I am not coming here to make up tales—I could see between the steps, or by the side of the steps—I do not remember whether they were there, but they would not in any way intercept my view—there were packages about; I had to go some way into the shop—the counter goes about half-way down the shop—the prisoner's feet were about 3ft. from the man's body; I measured the distance last week, but I thought so at the time—I did not say, "Two or three inches, or perhaps two feet," before the Coroner, or that they were close together—I do not think I said, "I went into the shop and found my nephew in a stooping position, and the prisoner lying on the floor; they were close together"—I might have said that there was only a matter of 2ins. between them—I had not measured it—my nephew never told me that he was engaged to the prisoner—when she came first I was host, and she was guest; this is the first time I have heard that he was wearing a ring which she had given him—I believe he spent every Thursday and Sunday with her, but I did not see them—I did not, in fact, refuse to recognise her—when I saw her in the street that night I had not the chance of acknowledging her—I was walking at the rate of two miles an hour, and she passed me from behind at the rate of four miles; she passed me before I knew where I was, or I should have recognised her—I did not take my hat off to her in the street—I had not spoken to her since the occasion when they had tea in my room—I did not refuse to have her at the shop, but my wife refused to have her One afternoon—I do not remember my nephew giving her a ring; I may have been told so before his death, or I may not—he did not ask me to let him bring her to see the Carnival from my house in June, but I believe my wife refused him—that was the occasion I alluded to just now—I do not think her letter to my wife said, "Have I offended you, or is it, as I expect, that somebody has poisoned your mind against me; we think it must be very bad, or you would not refuse to recognise me"—"For both Mr. Griffiths and yourself were so very different," is right—I do not remember, "I hope and trust you will hear me"; there was something to the effect of, "And give ma the opportunity of clearing myself, for I am most unhappy; please do not condemn me unheard"—I do not remember "I am very unhappy, for I have known you and respected you for years"—there was something about "Reply by return"—my wife sent her a verbal reply through my nephew—that did not lead to any alteration in the attitude I assumed; things remained just the same.

Re-examined. When Edward Bellis left in June it was in consequence of some friction that was not connected with the prisoner's visits to the shop—when my attention was first attracted to the steps my nephew had been taken away from the shop; the loose packages had then been removed.

ALICE GRIFFITHS . I am the wife of George Griffiths—I was not examined before the Coroner—when my husband took the shop in Penton Street I first came to know the prisoner by sight—I did not know then that my nephew was walking out with her—I have been away from

London some years, and returned to Fleet Road last May, but I knew before I came to London that my nephew John was walking out with the prisoner—Edward Bellis was in the shop in May, helping his brother, but he left—I saw the prisoner at Fleet Road twice in the summer—she came to the door and asked for my nephew, and in the autumn I went into the shop after closing hours, and they were there together—I did not know that they were there before I went in—only one remark took place in the shop—I have never seen her in the living part of the house since I have been in residence—I had not heard of any engagement between them, or of any engagement ring given by him to her, or by her to him—he went away at Christmas, and I do not know of his being in her company—after his return he received a letter from the postman, and brought it to me—I read it, and gave it to my husband to read; that was the last I saw of it—I cannot remember the contents—I gave my nephew a message in reply—I told him there was nothing on my part to make me unhappy about him—that was the week after his return from the country—I saw nothing of the prisoner after that—on January 14th I was sitting with my husband in the kitchen, and heard two shots near together; then, after a longer interval, a third—my husband left the room, but not at once—he returned and told me something—I went into the shop and saw my nephew John in a sitting position—some packages were near him—his head touched the ground; it turned to the right—his face was towards the back of the shop—he was bleeding from his head, and there was some blood on the floor—I saw two separate lots of brushes, one on the right and one to the left—the packages near him were not disarranged, nor any packages in the shop—I went to him, and took his head in my hand and held it up—there was blood on him—he had sunk to to the ground at the foot of the steps on the step side—while I was holding his head I saw the prisoner lying on the floor, with her head towards the door, and a scar on her face—her eyes were closed; her clothes were not disarranged—she had a hat on—I saw no blood on her; I saw no blood except what was by my nephew—there was no blood excepton the shop side of the steps—there was a good deal of blood near my nephew—the prisoner opened her eyes and said, "I wish I had done it to myself"—I did not speak—she remained on the ground, and did not speak again till a policeman came, after which she opened her eyes and got up, and I said, "You cruel Maud"!—she said "I wrote you a letter, and you never answered"—that was the whole of the conversation—the policeman asked her if she could walk; she said, "Yes," and he took her away—a doctor attended my nephew, and ordered him to the hospital, after which my attention was directed to a second spot of blood, much smaller than the other—I did not know that the prisoner and my nephew wrote to each other, but after his death I was present when some letters from her to him were taken out of a box, but the letter I had given back after Christmas was not among them.

Cross-examined. I knew that my nephew was keeping company with her, and that he had given her a ring; I have seen it—I had no idea that they were engaged—she is a respectable young woman, for what I know—I know nothing against her—when I first spoke to her in May I spoke in a friendly manner—she has done nothing to deserve my censure

—I knew that he spent Thursday evenings and Sunday afternoons with her—I never asked her inside our house—my nephew asked me to ask her; I said that I would rather not—her late employer said that she was out after closing time, but I never knew anything against her—I suggest that he neglected his business to go to a private house with her when he was alone with his brother for a few months—at the end of September and the beginning of October I found them in the shop when it was closed for the night, and passed her without speaking to her, and then I got this letter—it said that she was unhappy because I did not recognise her—I do not remember whether she asked me not to condemn her unheard—if my husband says so, I do not differ from him—it was a perfectly proper letter—I sent no written reply to it, or send her any invitation to the house, or receive her, or treat her differently to the way I had treated her before—the letter came after Christmas—the box in which these letters were found was locked, and the keys were in my nephew's pocket when he was taken away—it was never in my possession.

JOHN WOOD (Police Sergeant, 5 S R). I went to 94, Fleet Road, Hampstead, about three days after the occurrence, and prepared this plan on a scale of lin. to 1ft., (Produced)—there is a pencil cross on my original, and the plan correctly shows the condition of the premises. when I surveyed them, with the exception that the oil engine had been fixed at the end of the counter—this is a copy of my original plan, showing the oil engine in the position I found it—on the first occasion of my surveying the premises these goods on the right-hand side of the shop were not on the floor, but I went there again on the day the shop was photographed, and they were then placed there by the conductor, and I took the measurements as they were in the shop—the steps were placed in position by Mr. Shead—I was pointed out the spot near what has been called the side counter, towards the back of the shop—this cross on the plan representing the spot pointed out to me, was put on by Mr. Griffiths at the Police-court—from that pencil cross to the side steps is 5ft. 6in.

Cross-examined. I made the plan about three days after January 14th—the shop had been used daily—it is a very small shop—the under framing of that bit of the counter where the oil engine is, was taken away.

HENRY JAMES MAZE . I am assistant to Messrs. Hill & Co., ironmongers, of 33, King William Street, City—on Saturday, January 12th, a young woman, who, to the best of my recollection, is the prisoner, came in and bought a revolver at about 6 p m.—I showed her three similar to this—she said she wanted it for a gentleman going to South Africa—she selected this one at 35s., and 50 cartridges at 2s. 6d.—these cartridges are similar (Produced)—I showed her how to extract the cartridges.

Cross-examined. Each time you pull the trigger it explodes one of the cartridges and brings another up in its place.

GEORGE STONE (Policeman 534 S). I was on duty in Fleet Road at about 3.15 on January 14th—from information I received, I went to No.94—I found the prisoner on the ground, as though she had fainted—the revolver was about 2ft. from her, on her right hand—John Bellis was in a sitting position on the floor, leaning against some packets, and

against Mrs. Griffiths—blood was coming from his head—I sent for a doctor—Mrs. Griffiths said something about killing her Jack—on the prisoner coming to she said, "It is your fault," and shortly afterwards she added, "I intended to shoot myself"—I believe she was standing up then—I did not notice any blood on the revolver, or on her clothing—her clothes were not disarranged—there was a powder mark on her forehead—she was wearing a hat.

WILLIAM BARRON (125S). I was called to 94, Fleet Road on January 14th at 3.20, where I saw Stone—he paid in the prisoner's presence, "Take this woman to the station and look after her"—he asked her if she could walk—she said, "Oh, I am all right"—I took her to the Roslyn Hill Police-station, nearly a mile away—on the way she said, "I shot him; I only wish I had shot myself"—I had not then said a anything to her—when we went into the station Inspector Shaler said, "What is this?"—the prisoner said, "I shot him; I wish I had shot myself"—the inspector told me to stay with her, which I did till Mrs. Broad, the matron, arrived.

Cross-examined. I arrived at the premises after Stone—the prisoner did not offer me her card—I saw her with a card at the station—she did not show me powder marks on her left hand when she said, 'I only wish I had shot myself," nor did she say, "This is all the damage I have done"—I did not notice that her left hand was dirty—she had no gloves on.

ALBERT SHALER (Police Inspector, S). I was on duty at the Roslyn Hill Police-station when Barron brought the prisoner in—in the charge-room and in her presence I said, "What is this?"—she replied, "I shot him, and I wish I had shot myself"—I asked the constable where it happened, and he told me at the Fleet Road oil-shop—I sent for the divisional surgeon and the matron, and left the prisoner in Barren's charge, and went to the shop—I noticed powder marks on the prisoner's forehead.

ANNIE BROAD . I am a widow, and am the matron at the Roslyn Hill Police-station—I was called there on January 14th at about 3.40—I was told, in her hearing, that she had shot herself—she was very cool—I remained in charge of her until 10.30 p.m., when Inspector Waite came to the station and reported, in her hearing, the death of John Bellis—she was then charged with his murder—I searched her, and found eight loaded cartridges (Produced) in her dress pockets, which I gave to Inspector Waite—there was also a circular—I remained in charge of her throughout the night, and took her to the Police-court—she was very collected all the night—her head was very bad, she told me—she said she had sent a letter on to her young man, stating that she would come to the shop and shoot herself in his presence, and he should witness it—she repeatedly said during the night, "I never intended to shoot him; I meant to shoot myself; he did not deserve to die, for he has never done me an injury"—she said she posted the letter about 11.45 on the 8th—she asked me if I thought she would be able to wear her engagement ring—I said I did not know—she said, "If not, I should like my mother to wear it"—she was not wearing the ring—she had her hat on, fastened with three hatpins, when I took charge of her—it was not at all disarranged, nor were

her clothes, but her hands were dirty—there was no blood on her clothes.

Cross-examined. I took her to wash her hands—I did not remark that the water was very dirty—her hands were very black, so the water would be dirty—she cried a good deal when she was charged—she was hysterical—when I first came to her she seemed to be putting control on herself, and then broke down—there was a kind of rash on her forehead—it looked as if the revolver had been discharged at it; black pimples.

WILLIAM HEALE PAYNE , M.R.C.S. I am divisional surgeon for the S Division of Police—I was called to Hampstead Police-station on January 14th at about 3.40, where I saw the prisoner—she was quite collected—on the right-hand side of her forehead there was a black mark and some small blisters—I said, "How were these injuries sustained?"—she said, "I tried to shoot myself"—I said, "How many times did you fire at yourself?"—she said, "I think two or three times; but after I shot him I was too excited to know"—I asked if she was injured in any way—she said "No," and I could not find any other injuries—I told the matron to put some soothing ointment on the blisters—the marks on her forehead indicated hot powder—her clothes were not in any way disarranged—there were no blood-stains—her hands were grimy, but no stains of blood on her.

Cross-examined. Both her hands were grimy—I saw them just resting on her lap—I thought she was making an effort to be calm—she was afterwards very hysterical.

WILLIAM WAITE (Re-examined). I went to the hospital on January 14th, and heard that Bellis died at 10.30 p.m.—I went back to the Police-station, and saw the prisoner in charge of Mrs. Broad—I said, "Maud Eddington, John Bellis died this evening at 10.30; I am now about to charge you with the wilful murder of John Bellis by hooting him in the head with a revolver at 99, Fleet Road, at about 3.15 p.m. this day, and you will be further charged with attempting to commit suicide by shooting at yourself with the revolver at the same time and place: I don't wish you to say anything, but anything you do say way be taken down by me in writing and used in evidence against you"—she replied, "I did not mean to harm him; I wish I was in his place; I intended to shoot myself, and never him"—she was taken into the charge-room and charged—the charge was read to her, and she made no further reply—I received this revolver from Dr. Cooke, visiting physician at the hospital—it is five-chambered, and each chamber had been discharged—there were no marks of blood on it—I received from Mrs. Eddington, through Detective Sergeant Ballard, a tin box of cartridges, also eight cartridges from Mrs. Broad, found in the prisoner's pocket; they fit this revolver I also received from Mr. Griffiths these two bullets at the inquest, one found in the brooms, and the other in the deceased's head—the prisoner was present at the inquest—Sergeant Ballard afterwards gave me the fragments of a letter which I pieced together—these keys were amongst other small articles in the deceased's pocket—these letters were found in his box.

Cross-examined. The prisoner is a very respectable girl, from the inquiries

I made—Ballard took the letters out of the box and handed them to me, and these letter fragments.

JAMES BALLARD (Detective Sergeant, S). After the death of Bellis I went with the inspector to search his box at Fleet Road—I took out seven letters—I received some torn pieces of a letter from Ada Eddington, the prisoner's sister, at their house, which I handed to Inspector Waite.

Cross-examined. That was the same day as the inquest—MR. Eddington told me at the Coroner's Court that a letter had been found under the grate—I think I said, "I will take possession of these pieces"—the prisoner's mother did not say, "They are for our lawyer"—when I took possession of the cartridges and the letter Mr. Eddington said there was some mistake; that the letter was intended for Mr. Freke Palmer, and he thought I came from him—I said, "It does not matter who has them; they will be used, whoever gets possession of them."

ADA EDDINGTON . I am the prisoner's sister—I cleaned out the sitting room at 27, Amwell Street, on January 18th, and found some pieces of paper in the grate—I picked up one of the pieces and recognised the prisoner's writing on it—I collected the pieces and handed them to Ballard—the room had just been used with a fire on Sunday, January 13th—these letters are also in her writing—I have been with the prisoner to 94, Fleet Road—I went there with her and my young man one Monday just before Christmas—I went in with him, and the prisoner stopped outside till Bellis went out for her—I do not know why she did not go in—(Letter read): "January 8th. Both Ada and myself throughly enjoyed coming to see you on the quiet last evening, but I do not like the look of that fellow Evans,"—that refers to the beginning of September—I do not know of any legacy of ₤300 to the prisoner in the event of her marrying, and her only having it when she attained 40 years of age, if she remained single.

Cross-examined. I went with my sister May and the prisoner to Dr. Parker's service on Sunday evening, the 13th—the prisoner was lowspirited, and on Monday she ate no dinner, and went upstairs; she was crying—I asked her what was the matter, but she did not answer—Bellis gave her a ring which she said was an engagement ring—I put these pieces of paper together and gave them to Ballard—he said, "I think I will take possession of them"—my mother said, "That is for the lawyer."

ARTHUR ROBERT OUST . I am a registered medical practitioner, of Hampstead—shortly after 3 p.m. on January 14th I was called to 94, Fleet Road, where I found Bellis sitting on the ground, with his head supported by his aunt—he was breathing badly—I found a punctured shot wound over the left side of the middle line of his lip, and an exit wound at the lower edge of the same lip, a little to the right of the entrance wound—one of the lateral incisors was knocked out, the tooth just behind the wound—there was very little blackening on the entry wound, which I believe to be dirt off the bullet—his moustache was not singed—I found nothing to indicate that the wound had been inflicted at close quarters—it would bleed extensively—on the base of this bullet there is a small depression.

which might be due to its coming in contact with the tooth—the second wound was behind the left ear, which was also a pistol-shot wound—there, was burning all round it, and the hair was singed and blackened by powder—it wouid bed a good deal at first—it afterwards became filled up with brain matter, which prevented it bleeding later—the effect of such a wound would be immediate unconsciousness, or within a second—the bullet remained in the brain; he would fall at once—I should say that the pistol was fired within a very few inches—on receipt of the first wound, I should say the head was leaning forward, and somewhat rotated to the right—there was a splash of blood radiating, about the size of my hand, at the end of the counter—I believed it to come from the face wound—I should say he would be capable of walking after that wound—it would be painful, but would not stun—I should say the blood would fall on the ground, and, when he stool up, on himself—there was a larger pool of blood under his head—there was a good deal of blood down the front, and some down the side and collar—I saw no disarrangement of his clothes—I gave him what attention I could—I sent him to the hospital—I observed an abrasion on the prisoner's right temple—I did not observe any blood between the two patches—I should say the face wound was inflicted at a distance of about 2ft., and was the first—if there had been a struggle I should expect to find blood-marks on both parties—his feet were towards the counter—none of the articles in the shop had been disturbed indicating a struggle.

Cross-examined. When I arrived the prisoner was lying down—I do not remember a pair of steps in the shop—when the face wound was inflicted, the pistol must have been to the left of Bellis, and above—such a position would be possible in a struggle—as to whether there would be blood on the parties struggling, it would depend on their position and the length of the struggle—I have had experience of one or two pistol-shot wounds during the last, say, five years—an a student, I used to experiment on bodies in the dissecting-room—if you were shot in the jaw, I think the natural inclination would be to hold your head forward, and not throw it back.

Re-examined. I should expect a struggle under such circumstances to be of a very determined character, and of some length, and I should expect blood-stains between the two points where blood was found—there was no trodden blood.

AUGUSTUS HENRY COOKE . I am a registered medical practitioner, and one of the surgeons at the Hampstead Hospital—the deceased was brought in on January 14th about 3.40 p.m.—he was unconscious—he was suffering from two injuries; one in front of his face, and ore at the left side of the back of his head, which I probed—the bullet had taken a direction straight across the head—there was considerable bleeding, which I stopped—we could not complete an operation to get out the bullet—the bone was not depressed—he never spoke, and died at 10.30—the face wound was not dangerous—on making a post-mortem examination I found the organs of the body healthy—the skull was fractured—the wound was a circular aperture 1 1/2in. behind the ear—the direction of the bullet was vertical to the surface—the left base of the brain was reduced to a kind of pulp—the

right half of the brain was perforated by a kind of channel 1 1/2in. long, at the end of which I found this bullet (Produced) embedded in the brain—the front tooth was broken off—the moustache was not singed, or the lips—there was nothing to indicate that the mouth wound had been inflicted at close quarters, except powder marks on the left side of the face—that might be from either shot, or both—the pistol must have been within a few feet for the face to have powder marks—there was singeing all round the other wound, and blackening by powder, which indicated that the pistol must have been fired within a few inches—the body was roughly measured by my assistant, after the skull-cap had been removed, at 5ft. 11in.

Cross-examined. Both shots might have been fired at close quarters—I think the powder marks might be due to either or both shots, and the direction of both bullets would be applicable to a struggle either to prevent the prisoner shooting herself or him.

Re-examined. I give that opinion from my examination of the wounds.

JOHN ROSSER . I was a friend of Bellis's for about two years, and used to meet him on Sundays, and on the last Sunday of his life we went to the Welsh Tabernacle—we left there about 8 p.m., and went for a walk—at about 10.15 we went up the Pentonville Road, where he would take a tramcar home—he was going to meet the car—he turned round and looked behind, and we walked on to Goswell Road and on to Penton Street—he asked me to hurry on, as his girl was coming up—I did not see the girl.

(Letters from the prisoner to the deceased were then ready, in one of which she stated: "I feel the most miserable girl in the world; it is all through your aunt." In another, "Why don't you treat me better, my darling? Why don't you be the same to me? I cannot help but shed a tear while writing this; in fact, I often do on the quiet; it is the only way of relief to me, but, oh, my goodness! I wish I were dead, and out of it all. Your miserable and heart-broken girl, MAUD EDDINGTON. P. S. Give me some sort of reply to this, please." In another, "I know you were not yourself when you wrote me that insulting letter; but still, it is done, and cannot be undone by myself. You told me, some time back, you would lose₤40 if you offended your aunt or uncle; well, I shall be losing ₤300 that my grandfather left me, payable on my marriage, but as I shall not associate with the male sex, I guess I shall not marry at all." Another letter stated: "I suppose you scoff at the very idea of troubling to answer me, but I have done without it for two days, so I can do without it altogether. You need not put yourself out in the very least for me. I suppose you sought some very attractive company on Sunday, and this is the benefit I reap, being put in the background, as per usual. Never mind, you can do your worst." Another stated: "Old Griffiths has just passed here, packed up with baskets and oil-cans; he never looks in this direction, and when he sees me walking along Penton Street he darts in the shop as though he had been shot. Poor inoffensive me! they all run away lately, I can't make out why." Another letter stated: "I had rather

a nasty dream about you last night; when I was going along Penton Street I saw you with your arms round a girl's neck, kissing her; I tried to detect her features, but failed. No doubt it was the unpleasant feeling that woke me up, to find, to my delight, that it was a false alarm." Another letter without an address stated: "Mrs. Griffiths is the cause of all this mischief; had she treated my letter with respect, or given me an explanation for her vulgar behaviour to me, as any good and sensible woman would, it would never have occurred. She confesses to be a good, religious woman, but she has proved herself to be a vile hypocrite. She has tried to sow seeds of discord between Jack and I ever since she came back from Wales, and I guess the prospect of losing ₤40 proved too great for him, for although he said he would scorn her, he has turned coward to me; but be shall lose everything. My only wish is, that you will not go in black for me. When I am buried you are to wear bright coloured clothes. My money and engagement ring is for mother; May is to have my bracelets, and Ada can have my other things; but send Lydia my night-dress, case and satchel. Please pass this revolver over to Arthur; ask him to sell it, and give mother the money: I gave 35s. for it. Much love to all, and good-bye.—Yours very truly, MAUD EDDINGTON."

The prisoner, in her defence, stated, upon oath, that she had known Bellis 12 or 13 years, and became engaged to him in December, 1899; that they had a temporary lover's tiff, and she wrote to him in the week before Christmas, asking him to see her and say good-bye; that he answered coldly, and that she spoke of it subsequently as an insulting letter, but that her object was only to bring him into a more affectionate frame of mind, and that she wrote to Mrs. Griffiths soon after Christmas for an explanation of her behaviour towards her, as she was most unhappy and unsettled in her mind; that she received no reply, and she never saw Bellis as a visitor since the Sunday before Christmas; that she then wrote a letter on January 8th to Bellis, denying what she had told him about going away as stewardess on a boat, and that it was all a lie, and she could not understand his cruel behaviour; that she could not live without him, and would shoot herself in his presence; that she posted it herself, but received no reply; that she went to the shop on January 10th, to see if he was there to receive her letters, and did not see him, but saw Mr. Griffiths coming out, who turned his head away and took no notice of her; that she then had no peace of mind, and bought the revolver to shoot herself, as she then intended, on London Bridge; that on the Monday she had no dinner, and loaded the revolver before 2 o'clock. put it in her pocket, and went to Fleet Road, to shoot herself in Bellis's presence, as she had promised; that she saw Bellis; but that a traveller was in the shop, and Mr. Griffiths; that she made the excuse to order some things, and when the traveller left she said, "No, I don't want you to send anything; I have come here to shoot myself, as I promised"; that Bellis said nothing, but as soon as he saw her take out the revolver he ran round the counter to her, and she then fired at herself, and he caught hold of the revolver in her right hand with his left and snatched it away, and there was a struggle for its possession; that three chambers had then been discharged, and as to the other two she knew nothing, and only had a suspicion that Bellis was shot,

and when she came to, she saw blood on Bellis's face and hair, and said, "My God, Jack! I intended to shoot myself"; and Mrs. Griffiths said, "Wicked Maud!" and she replied, "It is your fault"; that she previously wrote a letter, which she had in her pocket and inadvertently destroyed at the Police-station, stating that Mrs. Griffiths was the cause of the trouble, and that they were not to blame Jack for what she was about to do; that he was to have her engagement ring to wear for the girl who loved him dearly; that her mother was to have her money, her sister May her bracelets, and Ada the rest of her things.

ANNIE BROAD (Re-examined). The prisoner mentioned a letter at the Police-station, but I did not see it, or see her destroy one"—I should expect to get into trouble if I overlooked it.

Cross-examined. I did not say to her, "I expect you must have torn it up."

W. BARRON (Re-examined). I was with the prisoner and the searcher—I did not see her put anything in the fire, or hear anything of it.

NOT GUILTY .— Sentence on the first Indictment—Fifteen months' hard labour.

THIRD COURT.—Wednesday, February 27th, 1901.

Before Mr. Recorder.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-217
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

217. PETER MILLER (43) , Feloniously wounding Joseph Miller, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.

MR. QUICK Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the prisoner.

JOSEPH MILLER . In Bureau Street, on February 2nd, about 7.30 p.m., the prisoner came out of a public-house and asked me for a shilling—I said, "I have no shilling; I have only one penny"—he took off his jacket, gave me two blows, and then hit me with a knife on my right ear—I fell—my ear bled—some children came—he was a stranger—I am a shoemaker.

Cross-examined by the prisoner. We have not known each other about 10 years—your wife did not ask for a shilling that I owed her; I do not know her.

FREDERICK MARTIN . I am a printer, of 304, Commercial Road—on February 2nd, as my mate and I were crossing Bureau Street, Peter Miller came out of a public-house and said, "Give me a shilling"—Joseph said he had not got one—the prisoner went to his house, came out with a knife, and struck Joseph twice on his back and once on his ear—he dropped—I sent a boy for a constable, and showed him the house, and he brought the prisoner out.

GEORGE MOCKFORD (399 H). White called me, and I took the prisoner into custody—he spoke a little English—he understood me—I failed to find any knife—I saw the prosecutor in the back room—he had not lost much blood.

CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT (Divisional Surgeon, H). I was called to

the prosecutor on February 2nd—I found an incised wound cut through the lobe of his right ear, extending from the circumference to the auditor meatus—it showed that a knife with a flat point had been used, as there was an abrasion on the bone—both the prosecutor and the prisoner had been drinking.

The prisoner, in his defence, on oath, said that the prosecutor had told his foreman to give another man Miller the "sack"; that they got fighting, and the prosecutor would not let his wife pass; so he knocked him down, and he must have fallen on a sharp stone.

GUILTY of unlawfully wounding. Three months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-218
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown; Guilty > unknown
SentenceMiscellaneous > sureties

Related Material

218. JAMES MURPHY (52) and MARY MURPHY (34) , Feloniously wounding Catherine Nutkins, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm. The evidence was interpreted to James Murphy, who was deaf, by signs.

MR. PERROTT Prosecuted.

CATHERINE NUTKINS . I am a widow, of 12, Whitehorne Place, St. George's-in-the-East—the prisoners live next door, at No. 11—I live by taking in washing—James Murphy is a stevedore—on February 1st, about 11.30 p.m., I was standing in my doorway with a can in my hand, waiting for my little boy to get me half a pint of ale; the prisoner Mary came across the court and said to James that she had two good boys—I said, "You are a step-mother"—she flung a jug at me, and a piece cut my cheek, and the man struck me on the back of my head—they got me down and beat me; the man pulled a can out of my hand and hit me on my temple—I called to two policemen who were standing on the bridge to help me—the man was at the foot of the stairs—I have known the prisoners five years—four years ago James Murphy beat me, and I never summoned him—I never had a row with the woman—I have lived 13 years at No. 12.

THOMAS WHITE (201 H). About 11.30 p.m. on February 1st the last witness complained to me, and I went to the prisoner's house and took the two Murphys into custody—Nutkins' face was cut, and covered with blood—she is out on a week's bail in an assault case—she has had police protection in police proceedings arising out of the same thing—she had a cut on her right cheek, penetrating to the teeth, another on the other cheek, and a bruise on her arm—this stevedore's hook (Produced) was handed to me by the female prisoner—she got it from the house—I came up about 10 minutes after the assault.

Cross-examined by Mary Murphy. I never saw Mrs. Nutkins in your place—your clothes were torn, as if you had been fighting.

CHARLES GRAHAM GRANT (Divisional Surgeon, H). I was called about 12.10 a.m. on February 2nd—I found Nutkins suffering from three incised wounds; one over her right eye-brow, 3/4in. long and 1/2in. deep, another on her right cheek, 1 1/2in. long and 1in. deep, with a peculiar tear at the bottom, and a third wound on her left cheek, 1in. long, and superficial—two teeth were loose on the right side—the tear out at the bottom of the second wound justifies me in thinking that this hook caused it—both women were drunk; the man was sober—I had seen Nutkins with a serious stab on her arm, by another member of

that court—I am familiar with wounds caused by these hooks from assaults and accidentally, as men carry them with them and fall on them.

Mary Murphy's statement before the Magistrate: "I am very sorry for what I have done."

James Murphy, in his defence, said that there was a row with the women, but that he never used the hook.

Mary Murphy, in her defence, said she only used the jug in selfdefence.

JAMES MURPHY— NOT GUILTY . MARY MURPHY— GUILTY of unlawfully wounding, with great provocation. To enter into recognizances of ₤25, to come up for judgment of six months' hard labour if called upon.

FOURTH COURT.—Wednesday and Thursday, February 27th and 28th; and

THIRD COURT.—Friday, March 1st, 1901.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-219
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

Related Material

219. GEORGE BERNALDUS FOWLER HECKFORD, Committing wilful and corrupt perjury.

MR. DRAKE Prosecuted and MR. BURNIE Defended.

SILVESTER RICHARDS . I am assistant clerk at Guildhall Justice Room—I produce the information sworn by the prisoner, before Sir Reginald Hanson, on February 8th, 1900, in the usual legal form, in the presence of the Alderman—it was a charge of obtaining two guineas by false pretences—upon that a summons was issued, which was heard on February 19th before Alderman Green—Heckford prosecuted, and was duly sworn, and signed the deposition—two letters, one of December 22nd, 1899, from Heckford to Mason; and one of February 7th, 1900, from Charles Cudby, a solicitor, to Heckford, and a cheque, were exhibited—witnesses were called—the Alderman decided that there was no case to send to a Jury, and refused to commit—the prisoner applied to be bound over to prosecute under the Vexatious Indictment Act.

Cross-examined. The Alderman refused to investigate any charge except the two-guinea one—I think he declined to give an adjournment—subsequently the present prosecutor, Eyres, applied three or four times for process against the prisoner—process was finally granted on the information of a witness named Gillingham.

JOSEPH WRIGHT . I produce the original depositions in the case tried at Guildhall on February 19th, against Frederick Eyres, also three exhibits, also the information against Eyres or Mason, sworn on February 8th—he was remitted to this Court under the Vexatious Indictment Act.

Cross-examined. As a matter of practice, a record would not be kept of any application to enlarge recognizances under the Vexatious Indictment Act.

ALBERT EYRES . I live at 90, High Road, South Tottenham, at my father's house, and am a solicitor's clerk—in 1897 I was so employed by Mr. Cudby, a solicitor, of 93 and 94, Chancery Lane—I first met the prisoner in Holloway Gaol in 1897, where he was detained on a charge of

bigamy—he gave me a retainer, instructing Mr. Cudby to defend him—I had several interviews with him, so did Mr. Cudby—I saw him a day or two before his trial at Newgate, when he asked me whom we had selected to defend him—he mentioned several names, amongst which were Mr. C. F. Gill, Mr. Horace Avory, Mr. Bodkin, Mr. Hutton, and Lord Coleridge—I told him those gentlemen would want very different fees, probably, to what others would, and if he could find the necessary fees we should employ Mr. Gill—I received from him first ₤24 1s. 6d., and afterwards a cheque for two guineas—I accounted for those sums to my master, who employed Counsel to defend him, and he was sentenced to nine months' imprisonment—in consequence of a letter of September 24th, 1897, I saw him in Holloway—I saw him again there in consequence of receiving a letter of October 13th, 1897—I saw him again very shortly after his release—at these interviews he never said that the money was obtained by fraud—I first heard that a charge was made against me with reference to the two-guinea cheque, at the Guildhall—I had then ceased to act for Mr. Cudby, and was assisting Mr. Deakin, a solicitor who was proceeding against several persons in one of Mrs. Cathcart's matters—these people were trying to get bogus orders against the lady—I attended an inquiry before Master Wilberforce to review the taxation of costs and the conduct of certain solicitors on February 19th, 1900—I was subpoenaed on behalf of Mrs. Cathcart, but could not attend because of the summons at the Guildhall, charging me with obtaining a cheque for two guineas by false pretences—Heckford appeared, was sworn, and gave evidence—I never said to him that I wanted the cheque for Court fees—the Alderman refused to commit, and the prosecutor was bound over to prosecute—in March I appeared at the Old Bailey on an application to enlarge the recognizances to the next Session, the Recorder refused—I saw the prisoner on September 22nd at the Sidney Arms, East Harbour Street, close to the Thames Police-court, in consequence of a letter he wrote to my father—Heckford, my father, G. W. Eyres, Tomkins, and myself were present—the prisoner's first words to me were, "I hope you will bury the hatchet"—I said I did not know about any hatchet, but I wanted him to give a statement of the truth which he was to give me to show the duplicity and conspiracy which had existed between him and Deakin to get me out of the way on February 19th, when I was supposed to attend the High Court—he told me that Deakin found all the money, and had given directions for Court fees to be inserted in the information, and that the Jury had thrown out the bill; that Deakin had promised him ₤10, and had given him ₤2 on account, and he sued Deakin for the balance at the Whitechapel County Court—I cannot pledge my oath whether I had any conversation with the prisoner after September 22nd—I regret to say that I have been in trouble two or three times.

Cross-examined. I decline to say who is now employing me—I have been convicted four times—I had 21 days for larceny years ago—I was convicted at Westminster for stealing medical instruments, and sentenced, but released by the Home Secretary—I was convicted at Westminster for personating a police officer; that is the subject now of a petition to the Home Secretary—that was four or five years ago—I was employed by Mr. Cudby as his clerk, although he has denied it on oath—I was not

touting at Holloway Prison—I know what touting at Holloway means—I never said that Mr. Sidney, who defended the prisoner at the Thames Police-court, was a low Police-court solicitor, and that Mr. Cudby was an excellent solicitor—I was called Mason whilst in Cudby's employ, but in other business by my right name—I did not tell the prisoner that I was sent by a friend of his to conduct his defence, or that I was conducting six or seven other cases, and that the prisoners would all be acquitted—I got ₤24 1s. 6d. from the prisoner's second wife by instalments—I never told her that I had paid Sidney—that was the charge against me at Stratford, which was dismissed—in 1898 I was convicted of larceny, and sentenced to fifteen months, hard labour—I used the ₤24 1s. 6d. for the purposes of Mr. Cudby's business at his direction—I was not paid a regular salary by him, but a commission—when I saw the prisoner in prison there was a warder outside—I did not tell him, in the warder's presence that I wanted two guineas for Court fees—I did not tell his wife that the Grand Jury were going to throw out the bill—I assisted Mr. Deakin in Mrs. Cathcart's matters—I did not obtain process for perjury against the prisoner until I had obtained the evidence of a shorthand writer who took notes of a conversation—I have made several applications against Heckford—I was not present at the interview of which Mr. Gillingham took a shorthand note.

Re-examined. I went to the Sidney Arms at the prisoner's request; prior to that I had no communication with Mr. Tomkins—Mr. Gillingham took the shorthand note on February 19th, instructed by my father—I have accounted for every penny I obtained for Heckford's defence.

GEORGE EYRES . I am a watchmaker and jeweller, of 90, High Road, South Tottenham—the prosecutor is my son—I first came across Heckford in August or September, 1898—I had heard of him, and after looking through some of my son's papers I decided to find him—I went to his house, and told him that my son had been the victim of a false charge—I asked him to help me—there was a charge on February 18th last year against my son of obtaining money from the prisoner by false pretences—he wrote me a letter, dated December 7th, and he came to see me in pursuance of that, and warned me that Deakin wanted him to lay a false information against my son, and had promised him ₤10, paying him by cheque ₤2 on account—he said Deakin interjected the words "Court fees," and had refused to pay him the ₤8 because he refused to sign the information—the prisoner had given my son a cheque for two guineas when in the Old Bailey—the prisoner said he refused to sign because it was not true—I subsequently received two letters from him—he gave me a copy of a letter from Deakin—I forget when I first saw Tomkins, but it was long after December—I had known him as being in Deakin's service—in consequence of a letter I had an interview with Tomkins and the prisoner on September 22nd at the Sidney Arms, Stepney—my son was present—Heckford said that Deakin induced him to prosecute my son, and to make false statements, and had found the money for the prosecution, for which he was extremely sorry—I said that I had come, expecting to receive from him a sworn statement of the facts of his connection with Deakin, and the false evidence Deakin had induced him to give—he promised that—on the morning of December 6th Gillingham

called on me, as he frequently does—while we were in the back parlour I heard the bell ring, and went into the shop, and there saw Tomkins and Heckford—I did not know they were coming—I went back to Gillingham, and asked him to take a shorthand note of what was said—he went into the kitchen, and I invited Tomkins and Heckford into the parlour—the door was open, so that Gillingham could hear—a few days after that I obtained a transcript of the shorthand note, which contained an accurate description of the conversation—I remember the conversation—I prefaced my remarks by saying to Heckford that I should not hold out any inducement for temptation, but if he desired to make a clean breast of it, to do so—I said, "Did Deakin ask you to swear to the words' Court fees,' and the Grand Jury throwing out the bill?"—he said, "Yes, he did; you see what a dangerous liar he is"—those words are impressed upon my memory—I said, "Did Deakin find all the money for the prosecution?"—he said, "Yes, he did"—I said, "He induced you to swear my boy's liberty away?"—he said, "Yes," and that Deakin did not want my son at the taxation, and that was why it was done—I went to Whitechapel County Court at Heckford's request, when he repeated the statement again to me.

Cross-examined. I was present at the hearing of the summons against my son on February 19th, last year—Mr. Kemp appeared for him, instructed by Mr. Lowndes, who took down my statement—I have joined in two informations against Heckford—the conversation in Stepney was in a public-house bar—Tomkins, my son, Heckford, and myself were present.

FREDERICK HALL TOMKINS . I am a solicitor, of 5, Morrel Street, Barking—I was admitted in 1882, but have not taken out my certificate for two years—I coach pupils for legal examinations—I have been casually engaged by Deakin—I first met Heckford at the end of 1899 or the beginning of 1900—I was present at the hearing of the charge Against Eyres on February 19th, 1900, on Deakin's behalf—I did not act in the preparation of the case for the prosecution, except that Deakin asked me to read the information he had prepared—I made the alteration about Court fees—the type-written draft information was done at 20, East Harbour Street, Mr. Deakin's office—Deakin told me to insert the words Court fees—I heard the case against Eyres through, and he was dismissed—I remember receiving a letter from Heckford—I arranged for an interview on September 22nd, at which both Eyres, myself, and Heckford were present—I had no communication with Heckford as to where we were going—when we got into a public-house Heckford said that he was sorry he prosecuted Eyres—I cannot give the whole conversation—Heckford said that he had been induced by Deakin to tell a lot of lies—I afterwards casually saw Heckford towards the end of November last year at Aldgate—he showed me a copy of a letter he had written to Albert Eyres—I saw Heckford at Eyres' house on December 6th—we met by appointment—we went through Eyres' shop into a back parlour, and a string of questions was put by Eyres—no one else was present—as far as I remember, Eyres said that he should not give any inducement to Heckford to make any statement, but if he wanted to do an act of justice and make reparation he might do so—afterwards the question of Court

fees was referred to, and as to who suggested the words, and Heckford said that Deakin suggested them—young Eyres was not present—reference was made as to whether the application had not been made to get Eyres, jun., out of the way of a taxation—Heckford rather fenced with the question—he said ultimately that Deakin told him.

Cross-examined. I ceased to hold my certificate in 1898—I have been a tutor all my life—I was never regularly employed by Deakin—I did not prepare the information, but added some words to it—I obtained the brief from the prosecution, and showed it to Eyres.

Re-examined. Deakin found the money for the prosecution.

ALBERT EYRES (Re-examined). There was no warder present when I saw Heckford in prison—I did not say, "This man is hesitating to give me two guineas for Court fees; the Grand Jury has thrown out the bill against him, and at the rising of the Court he will go out a free man"—that is absolutely untrue.

GEORGE THOMAS GILLINGHAM . I reside at 16, Manville Road, Lordship Lane, Wood Green, and am a journalist and shorthand writer—I am also Coroner's officer for East Middlesex—I first met Eyres, sen., four or five years ago—I first became acquainted with Heckford at the Stratford Police-court—I attended at Guildhall Police-court and took notes of the proceedings against Eyres on February 19th—I heard Heckford sworn and give evidence—I do not think I saw Heckford until December 6th at Eyres' house—I had just dropped in, and was speaking to Eyres, when Heckford and Tomkins came in—Eyres asked me to take a note of what passed—I had never seen Tomkins before—he was pointed out to me, and I know nothing about him—I was in a room between the shop and the parlour in which they were—I took a shorthand note of what took place, and made a transcript—Mr. Eyres commenced the conversation—(Reading his note.)—I have 23 years' experience as a shorthand writer.

Cross-examined. I dropped in accidentally on Eyres, sen., as I often do—I have often taken notes for him—I have never before been asked to take notes of a private conversation—it did not strike me as strange—it was intended that my presence should not be known—the interview only lasted about a quarter of an hour.

ALTHUR PENTON (City Police Inspector). The prisoner was brought into the Police-office, Old Jewry, by Detective Windit—I read the warrant to him—he asked who laid the information, if it was Albert Eyres—I said, "Yes"—he said, "That is enough for me"—he handed me some letters and said, "I suppose those letters will be read by someone in authority"—I said, "No doubt I shall read them"—he said, "I hope you will read them carefully; they are letters, etc., to my solicitors, who intended to apply for warrants against Eyres and a man named Tomkins for conspiracy"—the charge was read over to him—he said, "This is a bogus charge against me, made by these people to assail Mr. Deakin through me."

ALBERT EYRES (Re-examined). I know the prisoner's writing—the letter exhibited to the information dated December 14th, 1899, is his signature—it was signed in my presence—the document of December 14th, 1899, is in my writing—it was written at 90, High Court, Tottenham, in my father's house—as the prisoner spoke to me I wrote it down—I read it to him twice, then he read it and signed it.

FRANCIS WILLIAM POLLARD . According to the practice of the Court, when anyone's recognizances are estreated a note is made of it in the book.

SILVESTER WRIGHT (Re-examined). I have searched the Court, book, and can find no note of the recognizances being estreated—all the documents exhibited were remitted to this Court from the Police-court.

Evidence for the Defence.

JOSEPH HENRY JOLIFFE . I am assistant warder at Parkhurst Prison—I was at Newgate prior to the September Session, 1897—I remember the prisoner being charged with bigamy—I cannot swear to Eyres—I was present at an interview between Heckford and a solicitor's clerk on September 15th, 1897—I brought the prisoner from his cell and stood in the doorway—the clerk said, "This man is hesitating to draw me a cheque for Court fees; he will be a free man at the rising of the Court, as the Grand Jury has thrown out the bill against him."

Cross-examined. I have not had a great deal of experience as a warder—I have said all I heard—I was asked last week about this conversation by the Governor of Parkhurst Prison—Heckford yesterday showed me a list of Arthur Eyres' convictions—I had a conversation with Heckford, but nothing was written down.

The prisoner, in his defence, on oath, stated that in September, 1897, he was sentenced to nine months' imprisonment for bigamy, and while he was in Holloway Eyres or Mason visited him, and induced him to employ Mr. Cudby for his defence; that Eyres came to him in Newgate and said, "I want a cheque for two guineas from you to pay Court fees; the Grand Jury have thrown out the bill; you will walk out a free man at the rising of the Court"; that he hesitated; that "Eyres then spoke to the warder"; that Deakin asked him to let him look at his papers, and said something about ₤10; that it was not true that he told Eyres, sen., that Deakin was endeavouring to manufacture a charge against his son, and had asked him to swear falsely that he had paid his son ₤2 for Court fees, or that he was to get ₤10 for it, or that Deakin would not pay the balance because he would not swear falsely; and that no such conversation as Eyres mentioned took place in his shop.


THIRD COURT.—Thursday, February 28th, 1901.

Before Mr. Recorder.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-220
VerdictNot Guilty > directed

Related Material

220. EDWARD RYAN (22) , Feloniously attempting to murder Margaret Morris.

MR. O'CONNOR and MR. KERSHAW Prosecuted.

MARGARET MORRIS . I live at 29, Little Exmouth Street, George Street, Euston Road—on January 31st I was with the prisoner about 7.45 p.m., outside the Queen's Arms, Caledonian Road—I had kept company with him about three years—he is a French polisher—he accused me of being with another young man—I said I was not—he roused my temper, and I picked up this knife from a butcher's stall—he took it from me—I ran

away into the Queen's Arms—he came in after me with a knife in his hand—the bar was full of people—I saw two or three men surround him.

The COURT directed the Jury that they could not convict of an attempt to murder on this evidence.


25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-221
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

221. EDWARD RYAN was again indicted for attempting to feloniously wound the said Margaret Morris. Second Count: Assaulting her, Margaret Morris. TheRECORDER read his notes in the last case, to which the witness assented.

Cross-examined by the prisoner. You were not near me in the public-house.

ARTHUR GREGORY . I am a dairyman, of 27, Caledonian Road—a little after 8 p.m. on January 31st I was in the saloon bar of the Queen's Arms, when the prosecutrix ran in—she was very terrified—the prisoner followed within a few seconds—he was about 10 paces behind her—she said, "Save me; he has got a knife"—I saw this knife in his hand—Ryan said, "Where is she? I will have her life"—the prosecutrix came behind me from the other side of the bar—I caught hold of the prisoner's arm above his head, and forced him back against the partition, and someone wrenched the knife from his hand—the police came in and apprehended him.

Cross-examined. You resisted when someone else wrenched the knife out of your hand—I did not say, "I do not think the young fellow meant any harm," nor make a laughing-stock of you—you did not walk arm-in-arm with her out of the bar; you went out with a policeman—about a dozen people were in the bar, sitting down.

JOSEPH BARTON SCAMMELL . I am a leather merchant, of 56, Leaden hall Street—I was sitting in this bar about 8.10 p.m., when the woman Tushed in, saying, "Save me! save me! he has got a knife"—she was followed by the prisoner—Gregory closed with him—it is a circular bar—I was at the other side of it, but seeing Gregory struggling with the prisoner, I went up and got the knife out of his hand—she was crouching behind him and one or two others—it was all over in a minute—the prisoner's hand was raised—I gave the knife to the landlady; she was very much agitated.

MALCOLM STEWARD . I am a butcher, of 12, Caledonian Road, King's Cross—this knife is mine—I left it on the block outside my shop—I missed it about 8 p.m.

Cross-examined. My man crossed the road, but I did not leave the shop—he is a different man from me; he is stout.

BENJAMIN GILES (304 G). About 8.10 p.m. on January 31st I was on duty in Caledonian Road—I heard a whistle blow—I went to the Queen's Arms—I found the prisoner detained by several people—he was excited—after entering the saloon bar, several people said that the prisoner had followed and stabbed a young woman—I asked for the knife, and it was handed to me about 10 minutes afterwards—I took the prisoner to King's Cross Police-station—on the way he said, "I will do for her yet, if I am in that place at Newgate"—he was charged, and made no reply.

Cross-examined. You were detained in the passage of the saloon bar—you were not near the woman—she was in the saloon bar.

WALTER SELBY (Serjeant, G). On January 31st I was present about 9 p.m. at the Police-station, when the prisoner was charged—he made no reply—I was afterwards told by Inspector Millard that the prisoner wished to see me in his cell, and I went there with Millard—the prisoner said, "You know me?"—I said, "Yes"—I had known him before—h said, "I want to tell you something about this. I was out all last night with a man named Curly; he during the night told me he had seduced my girl, Maggie Morris. I met Maggie at six this evening; I said to her, 'Have you been speaking to any of those fellows down at the White Hart public-house?' She said, 'I do not know any of them.' I said, 'I am told two or three of them seduced you.' She said, Only one of the fellows had any connection with me.' I said, 'Was you drunk?' She said, 'Yes.' I said, 'He has took a liberty with you during my absence, and I will take one with him,' and I went to look for him, but could not find him. She then commenced to laugh at me. I lost my temper. I took the knife from the butcher's block, and ran across after her. She ran into the public-house, and I followed her. I only done it to frighten her. If I had any intention of injuring her, I could have taken it across the road, and have done it"—that statement is signed.

The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "If I had any intention of killing this girl when I took the knife away from the girl, why did I not do it then? I took the knife away from her, and I let her run right away into the bar before I went after her."

The prisoner, in his defence, on oath, repeated the above statement.

GUILTY .—Three former convictions were proved against him, and he was stated to be the associate of thieves.— Twelve months' hard labour.

NEW COURT.—Friday and Saturday, March 1st and 2nd, 1901.

(For cases tried on these days see Kent and Surrey Cases.)

OLD COURT.—Monday, March 4th, and five additional days.

Before Mr. Recorder.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-222
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown; Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude; Imprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

222. CHARLES FREDERICK MATUSCH (43), HERMANN SCHMIEDER (44) and RICHARD HARVEY (28) , Unlawfully conspiring together, with other persons, to cheat and defraud the Hartlepool Pulp and Paper Company, Limited, Chas. Newell, and other persons of their goods.

MR. C. MATHEWS, MR. MUIR, MR. STEPHENSON , and MR. FULTON Prosecuted, MR. LAWLESS appeared for Matusch, MR. THOMAS for Schmieder, and MR. HILLARY for Harvey.

CHARLES BAKER . I live at 23, Cranley Gardens, Muswell Hill, and am manager of the Hartlepool Pulp and Paper Company, Limited, Budge Row, City—in February, 1898, we received this order from the Judd Paper and Stationery Company, Limited, 10, Carthusian Street, E.C., for 100 reams of white paper, the references being Mathusan & Erskine, 63, North Frederick Street, Glasgow, and H. Schmieder & Co., 149, Gray's Inn Road, W.C.—on March 3rd we received another order, and a further one on March 7th, all from the Judd Company—we wrote to

Schmieder & Co., and received this Letter in reply, dated February 14th—(This stated that they had known the Judd Company several years, that their account every year had reached about ₤400 or ₤500, and that they believed them trustworthy.)—we supplied the goods to the Judd Company; the total value was ₤52 2s. 11d.—about April I called at 10, Carthusian Street; the name of the company was on the letter-box, but the premises were vacant—some little time after April 12th I went to 149, Gray's Inn Road, where I saw Schmieder; I told him we had been given his name as a reference, and he had given us a satisfactory reference of Judd & Co., and I asked him if he knew where they were—he said he was aware they had left Carthusian Street, that he had made no endeavour to find them, although they owed him ₤400 or ₤500—I pointed out that it was a strange thing not looking for them; he said if he heard anything of them he would let my firm know—I did not have any information from him—about July 25th, 1898, I went to 3, Holborn Place—I saw the name, "The Griffin Manufacturing Company," up outside the door, and over the letter-box I saw the Judd Company's name—I could not get into the offices; they were closed—I called a day or two later, but could not get in; I made two or three calls—about August or September I heard that the Griffin Company was carrying on business at 18, Appold Street—I went there; the Griffin Company's name was up there—I saw Matusch's brother—I tried to find the prisoner Matusch there, but could not—on December 1st I sent this registered letter to "F. C. Matusch, c/o Griffin Manufacturing Company, 18, Appold Street" (Asking them to call a meeting of the creditors of the Judd Company, to investigate its affairs; failing which, they would have a petition filed in Court, to compel that action being taken.)—it was returned by E. A. F. Matusch with this letter—(Stating that he had just returned from a journey, and found the letter to his brother, that the Griffin Company had no connection with Judd's, that his brother was not there, nor had anything to do with the Griffin Company, that he was then in Berlin, and he knew his brother had discharged all debts, bogus claims and money-lenders excepted.)—I subsequently sent another registered letter, which was returned marked "Not known"—this is the envelope, dated February 20th.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. We did not apply to Mathusan & Erskine—I went to 3, Holborn Place because I was told that Judd had amalgamated with the Griffin Company; I was not told so by Judd & Co—I was not abusive when I got to Appold Street; E. A. Matusch and a big fellow were abusive to me; they threatened to throw me out—I communicated with the police just after the prisoners were brought up at Guildhall.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. They occupied only a part of the building at Appold Street—when I saw Schmieder he did not mention Matusch's name, or 3, Holborn Place; if he had I should have gone there straight away—I did not make any inquiries before opening an account with Judd & Co., except writing to Schmieder.

Re-examined. I believed that the reference from Schmieder was a genuine one.

HENRY ARTHUR HODGE . I am a clerk in the office of the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies at Somerset House—I produce the file of the Judd

Paper and Stationery Company, Limited—the company was registered on August 31st, 1893; the registered address is 17, Charter house Buildings—that was changed on July 26th, 1894, to 10, Carthusian Street—there is an agreement on the file signed by Frederick Charles Matusch, trading as Judd, Lindsay & Co., 17, Charter house Buildings, Aldersgate Street—the notice of change of address is also signed by the same person as chairman of the company—the last annual return is on January 14th, 1897, when Matusch is returned as holding 412 ordinary shares and 357 preference shares—no return being made after that date, we sent notices to the registered office of the company—three of them came back, marked "Gone away"—we waited for a time, and then sent another notice, which was also returned, and we subsequently dissolved the company as being abortive—we got rid of it on October 26th, 1900—the Griffin Company was registered on August 23rd, 1897—the first address was 3, Holborn Place—on February 21st, 1900, a notice of removal to 18, Appold Street was filed—among the original signatories I find Percy Alfred Evans, 3, Warwick Place—in the last return on January 13th, 1900, I find Fred C. Matusch, holding 125 shares—Berger & Co was registered on November 12th, 1897, at 10, Carthusian Street, City, registered by John C. King; change of address registered by Matusch—among the signatories I find Hermann Schmieder, 149, Gray's Inn Road, and Percy A. Evans, 3, Warwick Place—no return was ever made, and we dissolved it as abortive on October 26th, 1900—the notices we sent were returned by the Post Office marked "Gone away"—Lindner & Frank was registered on July 25th, 1898, as of 3, Holborn Place, by John C. King; the certificate of registration was presented by Matusch, of Goswell Road—among the signatories I find P. A. Evans, of 8, Sandland Street, Alfred Evans, of Warwick Place, Hermann Schmieder, 149, Gray's Inn Road, and T. F. Dymock, 30, Queen Anns Road—no return was ever made—it has not been dissolved yet—Kuller & Co. was registered on January 9th, 1900, as of 14, High Holborn; among the signatories are Frederick Charles Matusch, 18, Appold Street, and Felix Hirsch, 64, Finsbury Pavement—one return was made on May 25th, 1900, and a change of address to 30, Brooke Street, Holborn—I think the notice of removal is signed N. Jonas, Leppoc & Co. was registered on March 13th, 1900; it has never registered an address yet—in the articles of memorandum it was spelt "Lepock"—among the signatories I find P. A. Evans, builder, and Charles Atwell, merchant, 149, Gray's Inn Road; that is Schmieder's address—I do not find F. C. Matusch on the file, I find R. Harvey, engineer, St. John's Street, Huntingdon—they have not made their returns up to date—we have not dissolved it yet, but we shall unless we hear from them—the Hertford Engineering Company was registered on July 2nd, 1900; Richard Harvey, engineer, 22, Finsbury Pavement, and Charles Harvey, Ware Park Mills, Hertford, signatories.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. We received the last return of the Judd Company on February 3rd, 1897—perhaps the word "abortive" is not the correct word to use with regard to it, but as far as we know, it ceased to carry on business—the Griffin Company has been wound up by the Official Receiver—I do not know how many shares Mr. Percy Evans held in Lindner & Frank; they never made a return.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. I think there were 51 share holders in the Judd Company up to January, 1897—I do not know anything about Mr. Atwood.

THOMAS COMBEN DRYER . I live at Brook lands, Leytonstone, and am a traveller to Robert Fletcher & Sons, paper-makers, of, 70, Upper Thames Street—in June, 1899, we had a communication from Hirsch, Norman & Co., in response to which we supplied them with a quotation, and on August 11th, 1899, we received this order—it gives H. Schmieder and Co. and the Griffin Manufacturing Company as their references—we communicated with the references, and got this letter from Schmieder—(Saying that they had known Mr. Hirsch two and a half years as a highly respectable and honest man; that they trusted his firm for ₤100 and more, as they required, and that their payments had been prompt.)—we got this letter from the Griffin Company, dated August 16th, 1899, signed by F. C. Matusch as director—(Stating that they had known Mr. Hirsch about three years as a highly respectable and honest man, that they trusted him with what he required up to ₤100, and that they were sure he would not buy anything he could not pay for.)—in consequence of those references we supplied them with paper value ₤12 1s. 9d.—it has never been paid for—we applied several times—we communicated with the Griffin Company by letter—they wrote saying that they would see Hirsch & Co., and tell them they must settle up, and that they were quite safe—we wrote to Schmieder, and I believe we got a reply, but we cannot find it.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. If an honest and respectable firm trusted Hirsch, Norman with ₤100, so would we—it was in consequene of Schmieder's reference that we did trust them.

CHARLES NEWELL I live at Maryplace Road, Bexley Heath, and am one of the firm of John Gordon & Co., paper-makers' agents, of 126, Queen Victoria Street—in August, 1899, we received an order from Hirsch, Norman & Co., and giving as references the Griffin Company and Schmieder & Co.—we wrote to the references, and received this letter from the Griffin Company, signed by F. C. Matusch as director—(Stating that they had known Mr. Hirsch about three years as a highly respectable and honest man; that they gave him credit for over ₤100, and knew that he had a capital of ₤500, and that his engagements had always been promptly paid.)—we got this letter from Schmieder & Co.—(Stating that they had known Hirsch for two and a half years as a highly honest and respectable man, that they trusted him for ₤100, and his payments had always been prompt.)—in consequence of those references we supplied goods, value ₤19 4s. 7d., in October, 1899—we made repeated applications for payment, but it was never made—the goods were sent to Bishopsgate Street goods station to the order of Hirsch, Norman & Co.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. I went to Hirsch's office several timed, and saw him twice—I never saw Schmieder there.

FREDERICK WILLIAM GOVER CONNOLLY . I am assistant to my father, the owner of 64, Finsbury Pavement—I let an office there to Frank Hirsch—he signed the form of application dated April 20th, 1899—it was an agreement for three years from June 24th, 1899, rent ₤35, including housekeeper's charges, half-quarter's rent to be paid down on signing the

agreement; references, Mendlesohn Bros. & Co., Ltd., 74, Fore Street, E.C., and Kuller & Co., 14, High Holborn—we wrote to the reference, who considered Hirsch to be in a position to pay the rent—he took the office—"Hirsch, Norman & Co." was put upon the door—they went about July, 1900, owing ₤25—they did not give us notice that they were going—I found the premises vacant, and I took possession of them—they paid about two quarters' rent.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I did not see Hirsch; our agents saw him—the rent was sent by post—I could never see him—I called four or five times.

EMMA CASS . I am the wife of Albert Cass, a City policeman—I am housekeeper at 64, Finsbury Pavement—I clean the offices there—I remember Hirsch taking the offices there on the third floor, about April, 1899—he left in July, 1900—"Hirsch, Norman & Co." was up there the whole time—"Mansfield, Day, and Co." was also put up for about six weeks, then off for about six weeks, and put up again—just before it was taken down I remember a lady and gentleman calling and making inquiries—the offices were not regularly open—Hirsch came sometimes, and sometimes some young ladies—they only stayed a few minutes when they came, they took the letters and left—the goods which came there were sent on to another address—Hirsch asked me to tell the carmen to take the majority of them to Leppoc & Co., 6 to.9, Whitfield Street, and one lot was to go to Griffin & Co., 18, Appold Street—no stock was kept at the premises; no business books or typewriter, or any staff—Hirsch or the young ladies used to come in the mornings—the rest of the day the office was closed.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. Hirsch was not there every day—the latter part of the time he did not come—off and on, he came for over a year—it was not till the latter part of the time that he gave me instructions to send the goods on to Leppoc & Co.—I remember two gentlemen coming after he had gone—I do not remember if one of them was Matusch—Matusch came to ask me not to take in any more letters, as they were going to give up the office; that was about April—Hirsch left off coming in February—a few letters came after that, and a lady came and took them.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. Schmieder is not the person I knew as Hirsch—I never saw him there.

Re-examined. Goods were only left at the office for a couple of hours at first—they were never left there altogether—I have not seen the lady who came with the gentleman since.

THOMAS ROBERT PRINGLE . I am the manager at Parr's Bank, at Finsbury Square—on August 9th, 1899, we opened an account in the name of Felix Frank Hirsch, trading as Hirsch, Norman & Co.—the reference given was Schmieder & Co.—this is my letter to Schmieder & Co., of 64, Finsbury Pavement—(Stating that Hirsch, Norman & Co., of 64, Finsbury Pavement, had given the bank their name as reference, and they would be glad if they would inform them in confidence whether they considered Hirsch & Co. quite responsible.)—this is the reply, dated August 23rd, from 149, Gray's Inn Road—(Stating that they had always trusted the firm, and that their payments were always prompt.)—the

account was opened with ₤30—the last lodgment was on March 10th, 1900—the total amount paid in was ₤834 3s. 10d. up to December 31st—the balance on January 1st was ₤4 17s. 2d.—I closed the account by our charges of 6s. 9d., and there were previous charges of 5s. 9d. and 15s. 9d. on the year before—I find a great number of payments out in the name of Matusch, Coppel and Mansfield.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. I do not know if there are any cheques in favour of Schmieder.

Re-examined. Hirsch stopped a number of cheques which he said he signed in blank, and which were stolen.

HERBERT WILLIAMSON . I live at 29, Ventnor Road, Stockport, and am a partner in the firm of T. Williamson, cotton manufacturer, of Manchester—on March 19th, 1900, we got this post card from Leppoc, asking for samples—we sent samples, and asked for references—we received this order, and H. Schmieder & Co. and Harvey Bros. & Co. were given as references—we wrote to both references, and got this letter from Schmieder—(Stating that they had dealt with the firm for nearly a year, that their "paiements" were always very regular, and that they trusted them for ₤100.)—and this one from Harvey & Co., signed "R. Harvey, Manager"—(Stating that they considered Leppoc & Co. to be thoroughly respectable, and would have no hesitation in opening an account.)—at the top of their reply it appears that they are wholesale silversmiths—we believed the references to be genuine, and that Leppoc was carrying on a genuine business—on April 27th we sent goods, value ₤22 4s., and on May 3rd others, value ₤11 18s. 1d., total ₤34 2s. 1d.—we received back packages, value 4s., nett ₤33 18s. 1d.—at the end of the month we applied for payment; we never got our money—I came up to London, and went to Leppoc's premises in Whitfield Street—they had cleared out when I got there—no address was left.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I went there some time in last November.

HERBERT GOULDEN . I am manager of Goulden & Co., manufacturers of bookbinders' cloth, of Manchester—about March 24th we received this order from Leppoc & Co. for a number of pieces of bookbinders' cloth, the references being H. Schmieder & Co., 149, Gray's Inn Road, and Hirsch, Norman & Co.—we wrote to Schmieder & Co., and got this letter in reply——(Stating that they had dealt with Leppoc for not quite a year, and "theirs paiements" had been very regular, and that they were trusting them ₤50 to ₤100.) I think we got a reply from Hirsch & Norman, but we cannot find it—we believed the references to be genuine, and believed that Leppoc was carrying on a genuine business—we supplied two orders for ₤37 16s. altogether—we applied for payment several times; we never got it—I went to the premises, and was told the firm had been sold up for a month—I could not find where they had gone to—we paid the carriage on the goods.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I got a letter from some people called Lambert after the goods were supplied; I think the prosecution had it.

ADOLPH MEYERS . I reside at The Oaks, Richmond Hill, Birmingham, and am one of the firm of Messrs. Meyers & Sons, steel pen manufacturers

Birmingham—on April 19th, 1900, we received an order from Leppoc & Co. for 30 gross of paper fasteners, giving as references Harvey Bros, & Co., and Schmieder & Co; we only communicated with Harvey—we received this letter in reply, dated April 23rd—(Stating that they were wholesale silversmiths, and should have no hesitation in giving Leppoc credit. Signed "R. Harvey, Manager."—I believed that to be a genuine reference, and that the business of Leppoc was a genuine one—the amount of the order was ₤9 14s. 3d., and was supplied, I think, on May 7th—there was a further order, but we refused to execute it, as they had not paid for the former one—we have never been paid—on January 3rd I went to a cellar in Newington Street with the police, where I recognised some of our goods.

BERTRAM GILBERT HILL . I live at 87, Devonshire Road, Hansworth Wood, Birmingham, and am one of the firm of J. Gilbert & Sons, manufacturers of electro-plated goods, of Sun Works, Bissell Street, Birmingham—on June 19th, 1900, we received this letter from Leppoc & Co., signed "C. Matusch, Managing Director"—with it was an order for electro-plated spoons and forks, and giving as references Harvey Bros. & Co. and H. Schmieder & Co.—we wrote to both of them, and we received this letter from Schmieder, dated June 21st, 1900—(Saying that they had dealt with the firm for some time, and trusted them to ₤100.), and this letter from Harvey Bros. & Co., dated June 22nd, 1900—(Saying they had had considerable dealings with Leppoc & Co., that they gave them credit for ₤50 or ₤60, and that they always paid promptly.)—we believed Leppoc's to be a genuine business, and the references to be genuine ones—we executed the order, and on July 10th sent goods, value ₤33 12s. 3d., to Leppoc & Co., at Whitfield Street—we never received any money.

LOUIS WILSON . I am managing director to G. W. Wilson & Co., Ltd., photographers, of 2, St. Swithin Street, Aberdeen—last June we received a post-card from Leppoc & Co., asking for samples and quotations—we forwarded them, and on June 22nd, 1900, we received this order for 3,000 small London views at 12s. a gross; references, Harvey & Co. and H. Schmieder & Co—we wrote to the references—we got this letter from Schmieder, dated June 26th: "Re Leppoc & Co. Dear Sirs,—We dealt with the firm for some time; business well conducted;'paiements' have always been very punctual; we trust them ₤100"—we got this letter from Harvey Bros. per J. C. A.—(Stating that they had had considerable dealings with Leppoc, that they gave them credit for ₤60 or ₤70, and always found they paid promptly.)—on June 27th, 1900, we received this: "Gentlemen,—We received your favour of the 25th inst. You may consider our order cancelled if you cannot conform to our terms.—Yours truly, Leppoc & Co., Ltd.; F. C. Matusch, Managing Director"—we had asked them to pay cash, and that was the answer—we afterwards reconsidered the matter, and said that they could have the order if we had references—they gave them and we believed them to be true, and in consequence, about July 13th, we forwarded goods, value ₤11 16s. 8d.—we never received any money.

HERBERT ERNEST FENNER . I carry on business with others as oil and colourmen, as M. J. Fenner & Co., and also as the International Oil Company, Gracechurch Street, and Millwall—we were asked by the Hertford Engineering Company for quotations last August, and on September 5th we

received this letter from them, enclosing this order, the references being the Griffin Company and McMillan & Co., 161, Strand—we wrote to McMillan, and received this' reply, signed "McMullan & Co.," dated September 11th—(Stating that their dealings with the firm had been very satisfactory, and that they could recommend them for credit up to ₤150, their payments always being prompt.)—from the Griffin Company we received this letter dated September 10th, and signed "C. A. Adams, Secretary"—(Stating that they had done business with the Hertford Company, and had credited them up to ₤100 and more, and that their payments had been very satisfactory.)—we believed in the genuineness of the firm and of the reference, and consequently sent goods, value ₤25, about September 13th, by the G.E. Railway—we have never been paid—about the same date the International Oil Company had an application for quotations for oils from the Hertford Engineering Company—the order was to N. J. Fenner & Co.—on September 5th the International Oil Company received this letter from the Hertford Company, signed "C. Harvey, Director"—the order was for oils, and the references were the Griffin Company and McMullen & Co., 161, Strand, W.—we wrote to McMillan & Co., and heard from McMullan & Co. in the first place—to the International Company they gave McMullen & Co., which is the correct name—I read them both as McMullen—I knew a Mr. McMullen in private life, and thought it was from his firm—on September 11th we received this letter from McMullen & Co.—(Stating that they had pleasure in recommending the Harvey Engineering Company for credit of ₤150, that they had done business with them, that their payments were very prompt, and that they thought they would be desirable customers.)—we received this letter from the Griffin Company, signed "C. A. Adams, Secretary"—(Stating that they had done business with the company to the extent of more than ₤200, and that their payments were very satisfactory.)—I believed the Hertford Company to be a genuine firm, and the references to be genuine—the orders were executed, and the goods sent by the Great Eastern Railway on September 13th or 14th, value₤284s. 10d. and ₤25 1s.—on September 17th I met Mr. McMullen whom I knew—my brother was with me—some conversation, took place between them in my hearing, and in consequence I telegraphed to the Great Eastern Railway Station-master at Ware, telling him to stop the delivery of the goods—we hoped they were still on the way; they were not at the station—I consulted our solicitors Messrs Carter & Bell, and I was at their office at an interview between Mr. Bell and Harvey—Mr. McMullen was there—the effect of the conversation was that if Harvey paid the railway expenses Fenner & Co. would not prosecute, and he had better get out of the country—the goods were then in the hands of the Great Eastern Railway—the sum mentioned was ₤20—Harvey said he would like a little time to find the money, and said, "If you could reduce the, amount I should be glad"—he signed this document, dated September 20th (To the manager of the goods Department, Great Eastern Railway, giving him authority to deliver over to Mr. Bell certain goods to the order of the Hertford Engineering Company, as they had been consigned to him under circumstances which compelled him to give this authority.)—we got our goods back after the date of that authority—we received no money from Harvey in payment of expenses—we got these two letters back

dated September 22nd, from the Griffin Company, signed "C. A. A., Secretary," one to Fenner & Co., and one to the International Oil Company—we did not receive them till the 26th or the 27th—we did not get them on the Monday; they are in identical terms—( Withdrawing the references they had given for the Hertford Engineering Company on the 10th inst. in consequence of what had come to their knowledge).

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. The reference we relied upon was the one from Messrs. Mc Mullen—we did not receive the withdrawal notices on the Monday because every Monday I go to Millwall, and I see all the communications there, and it was not there, and it was noticed in the office that the letters had come late—the envelopes were destroyed—the papers were sent to Messrs. Carter & Bell by hand as they arrived.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. We have lost the railway expenses—I have never spoken to Harvey in my life—the ₤20 was to cover the expenses of goods from other people as well—Carter & Bell were acting for all of us.

JOHN ALEXANDER MC MULLEN . I live at Hornchurch, Essex, and am a consulting engineer, of 17, Gracechurch Street—a few years ago we had some small engineering works, called the Vulcan Iron Works, at Bow—in 1898 we sold the machinery we had there to Messrs, Harvey & Williams, Ltd.—the prisoner Harvey was a director of the company—we did not give them any right to use our name—the machinery passed by delivery—they kept our name on the door for one or two weeks, and when I was calling there on other business I objected to it, and they took it down—I have been there occasionally since to collect rent, and have seen Harvey there—I know Mr. Fenner; he lives about half a mile from me—I have no office at 161, Strand—I never gave anybody permission to use my name there or on any other premises—I heard of it from Mr. Fenner about the middle of September—these two letters sent to Mr. Fenner and the International Oil Company as references were not sent with my knowledge or authority—the heading of the paper is something like ours—we carried on business at Bow for about two years—I went to 161, Strand, on September 18th, and saw Harvey—"McMullen and Co." was on the door—I complained to Harvey at his using our name, and said he had no right to do so; he said he did not mind much what name he used, and he would take it down, but having bought our business previously, he thought he had a right to use the name—I said I was going to take whatever steps I could to prevent his using our name—I do not think I said anything about the note-paper on that occasion—on the 19th I went down to Ware Park Mills—the mill was stationary; no one was in it, and it was shut up—I went to the house adjoining, where I saw a lady who apparently was the sole occupier—I do not know what her name was.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. We were to have ₤1,500 for the machinery—we got ₤1,000 in debentures in the company, and ₤500 in cash, but the company is in liquidation now.

Re-examined. The company went into liquidation about Christmas, 1899—when I had this conversation with Harvey at the Strand the Vulcan Iron Works had been closed for about nine months.

ROBERT SOMERVILLE . I am one of the firm of Somerville & Creet,

St. Michael's Paper Mills, near Taunton—we received a request for samples from Hirsch, Norman & Co., dated June 14th, 1899—we sent a quotation on June 25th, and on August 11th we received an order from them for some white paper—they gave as references H. Schmieder & Co. and the Griffin Company—we wrote to both firms, and got satisfactory replies—we sent paper to the value of ₤12 11s. 5d. on September 13th, 1899, by the Great Western Railway, paying carriage—we believed that Hirsch, Norman & Co. was a genuine firm, and that the references were genuine—we have never been paid—we have made repeated applications at 64, Finsbury Pavement, and through our solicitor.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. The price of the paper per pound was 2 1/4d.

GEORGE HENRY BRACKSTONE . I am a carman in the employ of the Great Western Railway, and produce a consignment note for goods sent to Hirsch, Norman & Co. on September 13th, 1899, also a letter signed by them ordering the goods to be delivered to the Griffin Company at 18, Appold Street, which I did.

FRANCIS BIRD . I am one of the firm of Evans, Adlard & Co., of Winschome, Gloucestershire—I produce an order dated January 4th, 1900, from Hirsch, Norman & Co., for blotting paper, and giving as references H. Schmieder & Co. and the Griffin Company—we wrote to them, and received satisfactory replies, dated January 4th—we believed the firms and references to be genuine—we sent goods, value ₤12 9s. 5d., on January 8th, 1900, carriage paid, by the Midland Railway, to the order of Hirsch Norman, at St. Pancras—we never got paid—we made applications, and so also did our solicitor—our solicitor, Mr. H. W. Stevens, handed us this letter to himself from the Griffin Company, dated August 25th, 1900—(Stating that Hirsch had taken out a summons against them for libel).

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. The price of the blotting paper per ream was 16s. 7 1/2d.

THOMAS FREEMAN . I am a carman in the employ of the Midland Railway Company—I produce a consignment note of goods to Messrs. Hirsch, Norman & Co., to Messrs. Evans, Adlard & Co.—I had instructions to deliver them to Leppoc & Co., 6 and 9, Whitfield Street, which I did on January 11th—my waybill was signed "Pateman."

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. We had a document from Hirsch & Co., telling us to deliver the goods to Leppoc—the goods were eight bundles of paper, and weighed 5 cwt.—I cannot say if there were other goods at Whitfield Street.

Re-examined. I cannot remember Pateman now.

PETER CULLINGHAM . I am assistant secretary to the Grove Chemical Company, Ltd., Apsley Bridge, near Wigan—on January 29th, 1900, we received an order from Hirsch, Norman & Co. for some glue—as references they gave the Griffin Company and Schmieder—we wrote to them and got satisfactory replies on January 31st—the letter from the Griffin Company was signed "E. A. Matusch, Director"—we supplied goods value ₤28 on February 15th, carriage paid—we were never paid; we applied for the money, and were writing as late as June, 1900—we also had dealings with Leppoc & Co.; we got an order from them dated March 24th, giving as references Richard Harvey and R. Benjamin,

of Silver Street—we wrote to them, and got replies which we believed to be genuine; we believed Leppoc & Co. was a genuine business—we sent goods valued at ₤26, carriage paid, per Midland Railway—we have never been paid for them; we have made several applications.

HENRY EDWARD ROPER . I am chief clerk to the goods manager at Bishopsgate Street, Great Eastern Railway, and I produce a consignment note for 20 boxes of glue, the consignors being the Grove Chemical Company to Hirsch, Norman & Co.—I have a letter from Hirsch Norman, directing that the goods be delivered to Leppoc & Co.

ALBERT GEORGE BOOTLE . I am a carman in the employ of the Great Eastern Railway, and produce a waybill for some goods delivered on February 20th, 1900, at 6 to 9, Whitfield Street—I delivered them they are signed for by T. Dymock.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I cannot remember if I saw any other goods there.

H. E. ROPER (Re-examined). I produce an order signed by Hirsch, Norman & Co. for goods standing in their name at Bishopsgate Station, to be delivered to the Griffin Company—we delivered them there.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. This document was sent to Hirsch Norman, and came back with the endorsement on it.

MR. CROWTHER. I am a carman in the employ of the Great Eastern Railway—on October 11th, 1899, I delivered certain goods to the Griffin Company at 18, Appold Street—the waybill is signed "T. Dymock."

FRANK CLARE . I am a manufacturer's agent, of 11, St. Faith's Road, Tulse Hill—I was formerly manager to Messrs. Files, the landlords of 6 to 9, Whitfield Street—they let the premises to Matusch in December, 1899; he came there frequently at first—no name was put up at first; after a month or so, "Leppoc & Co" was put up—since March last goods have frequently been sent there, and then forwarded without being unloaded—there was a boy there in charge as, a rule—about the end of last August there was a sale there under the process of the County Court—after that we took possession and the key—the boy could not get in, so he stayed outside and directed the vans that carme there; I did not hear the directions.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I did not live on the premises; I bad business there; I was not away constantly; I went about the country on business; I never saw Mr. Leppoc there—they occupied part of the second floor, I was on the ground floor—some of the goods were delivered there—Matusch signed the tenancy—there is a lift there; goods could be taken up to the second floor without my seeing them—Matusch did not have any difference with me—I went into the country once in three months for two or three days—Messrs. Files have gone out of business now.

Re-examined. Matusch's offices were furnished; the rent was ₤90 a year—I saw Matusch there about 30 times—I did not see anything of him after the County Court process—I last saw him about the beginning of August—the rent for June was not paid—Messrs. Lumley & Lumley were solicitors for the landlord; the matter was placed in their hands.

FRANK HOWARD . I am clerk to Messrs. Lumley & Lumley, solicitors, of 15, Old Jewry Chambers—we acted for the landlords of 5 to 9, Whit field Street—the writ was issued on July 30th; we wrote for payment of the rent on July 17th, to Matusch, at 18, Appold Street—there was an execution by the County Court, and on September 14th we wrote to the defendants, giving them credit for ₤14 3s. 5d, that amount being paid by the County Court to Files.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I never heard that Matusch said he was entitled to a rebate in the rent because the landlord had put in some machinery.

JOHN GEORGE HAMMOND . I am managing director to J. G. Hammond & Co., Moor Street, Birmingham—we have also an office at 161, Strand—last year we let three rooms there to Harvey—he gave the name of Charles Bowers—this is the agreement which he signed—he had the use of two typewriting machines, which were our property—I also bought a Williams typewriter, which was left there—I said I had a machine more than I wanted, and if he could find me a purchaser I would give him something for his trouble—I did not give him any authority to remove the machines—he gave as references the Griffin Company and the Hertford Engineering Company—a person acting for me wrote to them, and showed me the replies, which I handed to the detectives—the rent was ₤70 per annum; I think one month was paid in advance; I think before the month elapsed the whole thing exploded, and he went away.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. There was no rent due when he left; I took possession when he left.

HERBERT EDGLEY TAYLOR . I am a mining engineer, of 128, Finsbury Pavement, and am the liquidator of Harvey & Williams, Ltd.—Harvey was one of the directors—I did not give him permission to use this telegraph or telephonic address on his note paper; he had no authority to head his letters in this way (Produced); this is my registered telegraphic address—to my knowledge, he did not carry on any business at this address—he used to write letters there, and later on he called and took away letters—I only knew him through the company to which I was liquidator—I wrote to him at Ware Park Mills, and also to the Hertford Engineering Company—I had no reply.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. He used to have his letter addressed to this address.

Re-examined. I did not understand that he was carrying on any business there on his own account.

WILLIAM FREDERICK BRAND . I am a clerk to Drew & Co.; Mr. Drew is the owner of 59 and 61, Hatton Garden—in April last Harvey came into tenancy there; he remained about six months—as his reference he gave the Griffin Company—he paid one quarter's rent in instalments; when he left there was one quarter's rent owing.

ARTHUR BYUER . I am housekeeper at 59 and 61, Hatton Garden—Mr. Drew is the owner—in September, 1899, a Mrs. Alexander called; she had a business there which was carried on by a Mr. R. G. Birch—in April, last year, the prisoner Harvey came into possession; "R. G. Birch" was taken off the door, and "R. Harvey Bros." put up—I do not know if he paid any rent.

JOHN JOSEPH WACKETT . I am a cycle maker at Hertford—I sold two bicycles to Harvey on August 25th; the total value was ₤37 17s.—on that date I went to Ware Park Mills; no business was being done there—I have never been paid for the bicycles; I have not recovered them.

JOHN ANTHONY TRYTHALL . I am an auctioneer, and have an office outside Norwood Junction Station—I know Harvey as Harold Ambrose—on August 29th, last year, I got this letter from him—(Asking the rent of Pembroke House, Selhurst Road, Norwood.)—I wired to him: "C/o Griffin, 18, Appold Street, rent ₤78, now re-decorating"—he gave as references the Griffin Company and the Hertford Engineering Company—I wrote this letter to the Griffin Company—(Asking if Mr. Ambrose would be a desirable tenant, and if he was in a position to pay a rental of ₤78 per annum.)—I received this letter in reply, signed "C. A Adams, Secretary"—(Stating they had known the gentleman mentioned for several years, and believed him quite good enough for the rent, and a desirable tenant.)—I got this letter from the Hertford Engineering Company—(Stating that they could speak very highly of Harold Ambrose, and considered he would make a desirable and reliable tenant.)—the tenancy was from September 29th; he took possession on the 24th—the landlord has since taken possession again.

JAMES BOAST . I am a carman employed by the Great Western Railway—on September 22nd, 1900, about 12 a.m., I delivered two crates of bicycles at 18, Appold Street, and some boxes—I took them from the Great Eastern Station.

JOHN WILLIAM HARVEY . I am a carman, employed by Messrs. Macnamara—on Saturday, September 22nd last, I left my employers' premises about 12.30 p.m. with the prisoner Harvey—we went to the Great Eastern Railway, Bishopsgate—he applied for some goods there; they were placed on the van; he told me to take them to the Griffin Company, at Appold Street, Finsbury—he left before the goods were loaded—I left the station about 3 or 4 o'clock, and drove to Appold Street—I had a full load of cases, oilcloth, and a crate—the goods were taken to the first floor at Appold Street—after I had finished I saw Harvey again on the ground floor; he was with Matusch—when we were in the van Harvey asked me if I knew the way to Ware, and how many miles it was, and if I could go on Sunday night to remove some goods from there—I saw two bicycles on the first floor at Appold Street—Harvey and Matusch gave me 3d. each for myself.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I had never seen Matusch before; I next saw him at Guildhall—when I saw him at Appold Street he had on a brownish suit and a Trilby hat—I have no doubt that he is the man I saw at Appold Street—I had to move the bicycles at Appold Street before I could get my goods in on the first floor—I told the Magistrate that I saw some bicycles there, but did not have them on my van.

ALFRED BAYLEY . I am a cartage contractor—on Saturday, September 22nd, about 3 or 4 p.m., Harvey came and asked for a van to fetch some goods from Ware to Appold Street; he gave me this card, with "Griffin Manufacturing Company, 18, 19 and 20, Appold Street, London, E.C.," on it—I was to be at Ware at 5 a.m. on the Monday morning, starting at 12 p.m.

on Sunday—he said the goods were office furniture—he said he represented the Griffin Company—I sent a man and a van, and the job was carried out, but they had to go to Croydon instead of Appold Street—I never got paid for the job; I never saw Harvey again—I called many times at the Griffin Company—the price was to be ₤3, but as they had to go to Croydon I put on another ₤1.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. When I went to Appold Street I asked to see the manager—they would not tell me his name for ever so long, then they said it was Harvey's affair.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. Harvey did not offer to pay me when he engaged me; he offered a deposit, but I said it did not matter.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. Harvey did not say he had some things at Appold Street which he wanted to go to Croydon.

RICHARD MONKSFIELD . I am a carman, in the employment of Mr. Bayley—on September 24th I went to Ware Park Mills with a van; I left at 11 p.m., and got there about 4.15 a.m.—on the Monday Harvey helped me to load up with furniture—he said he would meet me the other side of the town; he met me at the Red House—I took the things to Pembroke House, Selhurst Road, Norwood Junction; he gave me an envelope with that address on it—I put my horses up in the middle of the day at Hoddesdon, and got to Selhurst Road at 8 p.m.—I saw Harvey there; I unloaded the things; he gave me 3s. for myself—he said he was rather short of cash, and if I called at Appold Street next morning he would give me some more—that was not for me, it was for the man assisting me; I kept the 3s. for myself.

H. E. ROPER (Re-examined). We received this letter, signed "Harvey & Co., R. H.," on August 16th—(Asking the Great Eastern Railway to forward the shafting, etc., then at Hertford Station, to Liverpool Street Station, to the order of Leppoc & Co., to await their order.)—and also this letter from the same people on the same date—(Asking them to forward the seven pulleys awaiting their order at Ware, to Liverpool Street Station, to the order of Leppoc & Co.)—we also got this letter from Leppoc & Co., signed "C. Matusch, Managing Director," dated August 20th, 1900—(Asking the G.E.R. to collect about 10 tons of machinery from the Ware Park Mills and Jonvard the same to Bishopsgate Street Good Station, to await their order.)—this label was the "only one attached to the goods when they were brought to the station—we got this letter, dated August 23rd, 1900, from Leppoc & Co., C. Matusch, Managing Director—(Asking them to collect machinery at the Ware Park Mills at 3s. 6d. per ton.)—on September 26th we wrote to Leppoc & Co. at 24, Christopher Street, enclosing an amount of charges, and on the same day we got this letter from them—(Declining to take the delivery of the goods from Harcey, or be responsible for the charges.)—on September 21st we received this letter from the Griffin Company, enclosing 8s. 2d., upon which we delivered a portmanteau, a trunk, a leather case, and two cycles in crates—this order, dated August 27th, 1900, refers to 51 packages, consigned from Ware to the Griffin Company, and is signed "R. Harvey"—this is a letter from the Hertford Engineering Company, Ware, "H. Harvey, Director," dated September 17th 1900—(Asking them to re-consign three or four trucks of oil to R. Harvey

28, Finsbury Pavement.)—that was done—this letter of September 17th, from Harvey Bros. & Co., Ware, asks us to forward a box of goods to their order at Bishopsgate Street Station; that was a box of cigars; that was done—I prepared these two schedules; the first shows the goods consigned to Harvey & Co., Finsbury Pavement, to Harvey & Co., Ware, to Harvey Bros. & Co., and to the Hertford Engineering Company—it is as complete as I can make it at present—the other schedule shows the goods reconsigned by Richard Harvey from Ware to Bishopsgate Street Station; it also shows the consignees.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. The goods in the second schedule were returned to their owners—I should not know if large quantities passed through us to Harvey, till my attention was drawn to it.

HENRY GEORGE BRACE . I am an architect, and have the letting of two rooms at 63 and 64, Bartholomew Close—last November I had an interview with Matusch, and let him those two rooms—as references he gave me the Griffin Company and Schmieder & Co.—I got this letter from the Griffin Company, signed "C. A. Adams, Secretary"—(Stating that the gentleman named had been in the employ of the company for about three years, that he was highly respectable, and had ample means, and that they thought he would prove a desirable tenant), and from Schmieder & Co. this letter (Stating that they had known Matusch for years, and believed him to be trustworthy and a desirable tenant.)—Matusch gave me his address, 318, City Road—he signed the agreement in my presence as Frederick Charles Matusch—it was for five years, at a yearly rental of ₤111 6s.; he never took possession; he was arrested the same day that the agreement was signed—I have now taken possession.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. He did not say he lived in the Westend; he said he lived at 318, City Road.

HARRIET STEVENS . I live at 87, Mexfield Road, Putney—about the end of last August I saw an advertisement in the Daily Telegraphy, in consequence of which I went to 18, Appold Street and saw Matusch—I said I had come in answer to an advertisement for a shorthand clerk and typist—he tested my shorthand; while doing so Harvey came in—I was engaged to start work the following Monday, at 161, Strand, at 15s. a week—Matusch engaged me for Harvey—I went to 161, Strand, the following Monday, and took up my duties—the offices were two rooms on the third floor—the name of McMullen was up—I think Matusch had told me Harvey's name, but I did not catch it at the time—my duties were to take notes from Harvey and type them—I wrote references for two or three people, and also ordered things—there were three kinds of paper, headed "McMullen & Co.," "Hertford Engineering Co.," and "Harvey Bros."—the last two businesses were carried on at Ware Park Mills—Harvey signed the letters in three different names; he did not sign them in the same writing—I took down about 20 references a day—I typed these letters to Fenner & Co. and the International Oil Company—while I was there I typed, at Harvey's dictation, orders for pianos, typewriters, cigars, bicycles, wines, and spirits—there were two Williams typewriters at the office—I remember a Mr. Bell calling one day—Harvey was there every day—the only business done was ordering things—I had another young lady to assist

me in the correspondence—the last day Harvey was there was on Thursday, September 20th; he was there all the morning—he had taken the press copy letter book away with him the day before; I never saw it again after that—on the last morning Harvey was packing things up; one of the typewriters had been taken away in the early part of the week—Harvey burned some papers on the last morning; he asked us to burn some—when he left he took the letter book and the things he had packed up in his bag—I never saw him again at the office—I was paid the first week I was there, not the second—when I came the morning after he had left there was nobody there—the following week I went and saw Matusch at Appold Street—I told him I had come up to see where Harvey had got to—he said, "If you come up here to-morrow you will see him"—I went the next day—I saw Matusch, but not Harvey—Matusch told me to wait a little to see if he would come in; he did not come in, and Matusch asked me to leave my name and address, and Harvey would write to me—I had told Matusch that Harvey had left without paying me my second week's wages; he did not say anything to that—I did not go to Appold Street again—I have never been paid.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I did not ask Matusch to pay me; I looked to Harvey to pay me—I never saw Matusch at the Strand.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. Harvey dictated the letters to me.

MARY WINIFRED BUNGEY . I live at Hornsey—last September I saw an advertisement in the Daily Telegraph for a typist—I went to 18, Appold Street, and saw Matusch—he gave me two or three lines of shorthand, and I had to type it out—he said, "Yes, that will do"—he said I was to be engaged to work for Harvey, whom he sent for—I was to have 15s. a week—when Harvey came in it was arranged I should go to 161, Strand on the following Monday; I think it was September 10th—the name I was to look for was McMullen & Co.—Harvey came there and dictated letters, which I took down in shorthand and typed out—some of the letter-paper we used had the Hertford Engineering Company on it, some had Harvey Bros. & Co., and some had Harvey only—he dictated orders and letters asking for goods on approval, and giving references—no other business was done there—Harvey left on the following Thursday week—I stopped there about a fortnight, and then I stayed on another week, to send on the letters which came to Messrs. Carter & Bell—I did not see any letter book there after Harvey left—a lot of note-paper there was destroyed—this typewriter (Produced) is exactly like the one that was there; it is a Williams; one was taken away—I got paid for one week—I did not go down to Matusch—I was paid for the week I was there for Messrs. Carter & Bell.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. Matusch engaged me, but Harvey told me to go to the Strand, and said he would give me 15s. a week—I did not see Matusch at the Strand at all.

ANNIE LOUISA READY . I am a shorthand typist, of 3, Cathill Road, Denmark Hill—in June I saw an advertisement in the Daily Telegraph, and in consequence I went to 18, Appold Street and saw Matusch—he tested my shorthand and engaged me at 12s 6d. a week—I was to go to those premises where the Griffin Company carried on their business—I had to take down letters in shorthand from Matusch's dictation, and type

them—sometimes his younger brother, E. A. F. Matusch, would dictate them—I took down references for Harvey, or for the Hertford Engineering Company—I saw Harvey occasionally at the Griffin Company—I was there for not quite six months—I was there when Matusch was taken into custody—when Harvey came he saw Matusch—when ordinary people came to see Matusch they either sent in their cards or put their names on a piece of paper—that was not done when Harvey came, because he was well known—I believe the letters of reference were generally signed by Miss Adams; she was another lady typist—I remember a little room at the end of the warehouse at Appold Street—I believe it was occupied for a week or a fortnight by Harvey—I do not know the date; I should think about the end of August or the beginning of September—that room was only a few yards from Matusch's room; they saw each other during that time—Miss Adams typed two letters for Harvey—I do not know what they were about—I remember the last two witnesses coming to be engaged for Harvey—the Griffin Company were lace paper manufacturers—I believe Matusch was managing director to Leppoc & Co.—I saw him sign a few letters as managing director—I do not know where Leppoc's business was done—we printed paper for them—we had a printing department, and we printed paper for different things—I believe we printed paper for the Hertford Engineering Company—Matusch dictated the letters, which I saw signed by him as managing director of Leppoc.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I only saw a few letters signed by Matusch, purporting to come from Leppoc—a substantial business was carried on at the Griffin Company's premises.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. The premises at Appold Street were large ones—when Schmieder came he did not ring like other people—I have never overheard any conversation between Matusch and Schmieder as to the payment of Schmieder's accounts.

Re-examined. The Griffin Company did hot deal in bicycles or machinery or glue, that I know of—Schmieder would come sometimes about twice a week—he would send in his name; he did not fill up a form indicating his business before he was admitted to see Matusch.

CLARA ALICE ADAMS . I answered an advertisement in the Daily Telegraph in February, 1899, and was engaged as a typist by the Griffin Company, at 18, Appold Street—my duties were correspondence and book-keeping—Matusch generally signed the letters which went out, sometimes his brother and sometimes Mr. Hirsch—latterly I signed a good many of them as secretary—I do not think I was ever appointed secretary—Matusch told me to sign them as secretary; he dictated the letters I signed—I saw Harvey there, first in March, 1900—he came there frequently during the summer—about the end of August or the beginning of September he had a room there for about a fortnight—I remember Matusch engaging some lady clerks—I have seen a large number of typewritten documents, signed by me, containing references—they were dictated by Matusch—most of them were in the same form—I generally copied the original—Harvey had a clerk at Appold Street before he went to the Strand—on September 22nd I remember typing a large number of letters withdrawing references—Matusch told me to do that—I was late at the office that day—I saw

Harvey there; he was not there when I left; he was there during the afternoon—I had started to write the dictated letters before he arrived, and I continued to do so after he arrived—it was a Saturday afternoon—on the Monday Harvey was there again—I do not remember if I saw him on the 25th—I last saw him on the 26th—this letter to Mr. Brace, signed "C. A. Adams, Secretary," was dictated by E. A. F. Matusch—I said before that it was dictated by F. C. Matusch; that was not true—I did not remember it at the time—I know Schmieder; I first saw him in 1899—he called about two or three times a month to see Matusch—he continued to call during 1899 and 1900.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. I was with the Griffin Company nearly two years—I began at 12s. 6d. a week, and went up to 22s. 6d. a week—the company occupied the whole of No. 18—a large quantity of machinery was used in the manufacture of the lace paper—there were about 15 hands employed there—in addition to that there was the printing establishment on the second and third floors—I do not know if much machinery was employed there; I never went up; I only went into the office—I heard the machinery at work—I was employed on the ground floor—after Harvey arrived on September 22nd I heard angry words pass between him and Matusch; I could not hear what was said—I wrote no letters of reference or recommendation for Leppoc; I wrote a few letters in their name for orders—I do not recollect the last date on which Matusch dictated letters before the letters of withdrawal.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. The turnover of the business was ₤4,000 or ₤5,000 a year—Schmieder had no right to come into the place as if he was employed there—I did not know he was a printer's agent—we had tons of paper delivered from him.

Re-examined. The consignment of paper came during the summer of 1900; it began about May, and went on till about September—I do not know of any consignments to Schmieder—I have been to see Matusch about half a dozen times since he has been in custody—the references were not mentioned then—I have seen paper taken up to the first floor at Appold Street by means of a crane—I do not know of any delivery of goods on September 22nd, or of anything except paper during the whole time I was there.

By the COURT. I did not go to see Matusch at the prison in consequence of an order from the Official Receiver; I was sent there by E. A. F. Matusch—the transactions between Schmieder and the Griffin Company were entered in the books and posted in the ledger.

CHARLES YEOMANS . I am a wholesale stationer and printer—I had premises formerly at 18, 19 and 20, Appold Street—I had been there about three years, and occupied the two top floors of the building—about the end of 1898 the Griffin Company took the ground floor and basement, and about October, 1899, I sold my business to them for ₤1,70, including plant and stock; ₤500 in cash was subsequently paid—there were 10 ₤50 bills, one of which was paid, and there was ₤750 in shares—the company is now in liquidation—it was part of the bargain that I was to be a director—there were never any meetings, to my knowledge—Matusch said the reason why there were no meetings was because they were trying to raise more capital—I never saw the books; I asked to see them

frequently—my department was the printing, which I managed entirely—towards the end there was great difficulty in getting paper—sometimes I noticed tons of paper at a time there at the end of one week which was not there at the beginning of the following week—paper would arrive, and then shortly go out—I asked Matusch, and he said he had not the right kind of paper—about three months after the business was taken over a lot of stock was cleared out while I was away; part of the stock was entered in the books—I asked Matusch about it; he said they had charged it downstairs—a lot of furniture was kept there—I afterwards saw some of it at Leppoc & Co.'s, at Christopher Street—I first saw Schmieder soon after October, 1899; I saw him several times on the premises afterwards—Matusch introduced him to me as being a likely customer—he did not have much business with me—I have seen him there on several occasions, when he has not had business with me—there was a large quantity of printing paper on the premises which Matusch told me belonged to Schmieder—I saw Harvey there; I did printing for him.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. Matusch and I were on fairly good terms—he owed me some money—I was not in a very sound condition when I sold my business; I owed ₤700—I was not being pressed for money—my son had a bill of sale on my property for ₤500—I remained at 18, Appold Street till I was bolted out on September 2nd by Matusch and his brother.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. I understood Schmieder was a printer's agent—I do not know if he had a warehouse; I never saw it—I do not know that Schmieder had paper at Appold Street—I do not know what became of the paper—I used part of it; I do not know if the rest went to Roberts & Co.

JAMES WILLIAM CODLIN . I am a compositor—last year I was in the employ of Mr. Yeomans, and afterwards I worked with him for the Griffin Company—I remember printing various articles of association for Coppel & Co., Leppoc & Co., and the Hertford Engineering Company—they were printed mostly by Matusch's instructions—we also printed various letter headings and invoices for Harvey, late R. G. Birch, the Hertford Engineering Company, Leppoc & Co., Coppel & Co., Hirsch, Norman & Co., Mallet & Co., and Benjamin & Co.—I remember seeing Harvey there frequently with Matusch.

HARRY FREEMANTLE . I am chief clerk to Messrs. Felton, Woodrow, & Co., 18, Coleman Street, the agents for Mr. Chetwood, the landlord of 24, Christopher Street—in the same firm as I am there is a Mr. Clarence Thomas; he is away ill, and unable to get about—this document is an agreement to let 24, Christopher Street to Charles Matusch, of 318, City Road, for three years at ₤50 a year—I identify it as being drawn by Mr. Thomas and witnessed by him—I do not know who the references were.

GEORGE SHANKS . I am housekeeper at 18, Eldon Street—I produce the agreement for letting two rooms on the second floor at 318, City Road, to Morris Coppel at a rental of ₤70 a year—I have not seen the references—Coppel entered into possession in the first week in September—the last I saw of him was the first week in December—he left behind him some furniture and two books—I do not think he paid any rent—he retained

his own key—in December last I saw a man removing a desk from the office; he had it half out on to the corridor—I asked him what he was doing, and told him it belonged to Mr. Coppel, and he put it back, and nobody ever applied for it again.

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. Coppel was a dark man; he had a dark moustache—I should know him again if I saw him.

CLARA ALICE ADAMS (Re-examined). I signed this reference for Christopher Street for Coppel & Co. as secretary—I do not know who dictated it; in the ordinary course of things F. C. Matusch would do so—(Dated August 30th, 1900, to Mr. J. Mansbridge, and stating that they had known Mr. Coppel for many years, and that he had lately inherited a few hundred pounds.)—I know Coppel; I saw him during 1899 and 1900; he was employed at Appold Street as traveller—he ceased to be employed there in the autumn of 1899—I do not know what he became—I do not know his writing—this writing (Produced) is the same that appears on Schmieder's letters; this is Schmieder's writing, to the best of my belief—(Dated August 30th, 1900, from Schmieder, and stating that they had known Coppel for years as a gentleman in every respect, and always considered him in a good financial position, and who would make a desirable tenant.)

Cross-examined by MR. LAWLESS. When I saw Matusch in prison there was a grating between us, and a warder present

JOHN WISE (Inspector). On November 26th I was with Police-constable Davis, and saw Matusch leaving 18, Appold Street, and followed him to South Place, Finsbury, where we arrested him—in answer to the charge he said, "I know nothing about it"—I took a letter from him, and in consequence went to Stoke-on-Trent, where I found Harvey detained by the local police—I read the warrant to him coming home in the train—he said the people had got their goods back, and he did not think he had done anything wrong—on January 4th I received a warrant for the arrest of Schmieder, and from that date I had the premises at 149, Gray's Inn Road watched—we did not see Schmieder, and on January 9th I found he was detained at the Old Jewry Station—I read the warrant to him, charging him with conspiring with Matusch and Harvey to defraud G. W. Wilson & Co.—he said he did not know the firm, that he had only seen Harvey two or three times, and did not like the look of his face, and that he did not see why he should be mixed up with them—on the same day I went to 149, Gray's Inn Road, and searched the premises—I brought away a letter book ranging between April 13th, 1899, and May 11th, 1900—it contains 27 references to Hirsch, Norman & Co; two to Leppoc & Co., and four to the Griffin Company—I did not find any other book there except some small note-books—at the Police-court Schmieder's solicitor stated that the books had been brought away for him to examine for Schmieder's defence directly after the arrest—I found three bills of exchange on the premises, drawn by the Griffin Company, and accepted by Schmieder—one dated September 15th, 1900, for ₤60; September 25th for ₤56, and one on September 25th for ₤56 18s. 2d.—I also found this document—(Stating that Schmieder carried on business as an agent in paper, but also did business on his own account, that he was industrious and respectable.)—I also found this document there—(Dated November 26th, 1900, from

Schmieder to the Griffin Company, and stating that unless the debentures they had so frequently promised to secure their indebtedness were handed over at once, Schmieder & Co. would instruct their solicitors to wind up the company.)—we had been watching Matusch's premises in order to catch Harvey since September 29th—I find several letters in the letter book signed for Schmieder by A. Mendlesohn—the total number of references which I found was within either way of 100.

Cross-examined by MR. THOMAS. I do not suggest that there is not such a person as Mendlesohn; I know Schmieder has done business with one firm to the extent of ₤300 or ₤400—I do not suggest he was keeping out of the way from November 20th to January 9th—I do not find any references given to Schmieder.

Re-examined. 149, Gray's Inn Road is a private house—there are five litho presses on the top floor—there is no plant or machinery there for the purpose of printing.

FREDERICK DAVIS (City Detective). On November 26th I was with Inspector Wise when Matusch was arrested; I searched him—I found on him a cloak-room ticket, dated November 6th, 1900, relating to a typewriting machine, identified by Mr. Hammond as taken away from 161, Strand, also I found on him this envelope, addressed "Mr. C. Anderson, G.P.O., Post Restante, Stoke-on-Trent," enclosing this letter signed "J. C. M."—(Commencing, "Dear A.," and stating that the writer wanted to see him, so that he might know all that had happened; asking him to come up to London; most important, as the writer might be wound up for a little; that he wanted to hear what he had done in "E" Street; that he had seen Langford as to warrants, and that he ("A") might be able to get them withdrawn; that he thought he ("A") would be caught, and they all in trouble again; that he ("A") ran great danger, but the writer could do nothing for fear.)—I found a number of documents on him—on January 9th I arrested Schmieder in Coleman Street—I said I had a warrant for his arrest, and he would be charged with conspiring with Matusch and Harvey—I said, "Shall I read the warrant to you now, or would you prefer to come to the detective office in Old Jewry, where you will see the inspector in charge of the case?"—he said he would prefer to go to the office—we went there, where Inspector Wise read the charge to him—₤182 9s. 1d. in coin was found on him, a bill for ₤50, drawn by himself and accepted by H. Piccolomini, dated July 14th, 1897, payable on October 15th, 1897, apparently unpaid, and twenty other bills and other papers—I made inquiries at 19, High Holborn, for Kuer & Co., but they had gone—I traced them to 30, Brooke Street, but they had gone from there—I made inquiries at 174 and 175, Fore Street, for Mendlesohn Bros.; I saw a gentleman of that name here; he said he had not a place at Fore Street—I made inquiries at Silver Street for Benjamin & Co.; they were gone—I went to Eldon Street for Coppel & Co.; they were gone; I found their books there, and a lot of unpaid bills, and a number of invoices from the Griffin Company, for furniture supplied on September 29th.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. We could never find Coppel.

HENRY JAMES FINDLAY (Staffordshire Constabulary). I watched the Stoke-on-Trent Post-office, and on December 3rd, about 8.20 p.m., I saw

Harvey go there—he asked for letters in the name of C. Anderson—the clerk was giving him two letters when I approached him—he looked in a fighting attitude, so I seized him and told him I held a warrant from the London police, and was going to arrest him—he struggled and fought, and made several attempts to get his hand into his hip pocket—I got the handcuffs on him with assistance, and took him to the station, where he was searched—a loaded six-chambered revolver was found in his hip pocket—there were some papers on him, one headed "George Voupon"—the letters handed to him at the Post-office were addressed to "C. Anderson, Post Restante, Post-office, Stoke-on-Trent"—we handed him over to the City police.

MR. MANSBRIDGE. I am the agent of the landlord of 18, Eldon Street—some rooms were let there under an agreement, dated September 12th, 1900, to Mr. Morris Coppel, 318, City Road, merchant—it was signed by him—as references he gave us the Griffin Company and Schmieder & Co.—he occupied the rooms till the end of November—he entered into possession a little before September 29th—he paid rent up to that date, but none after that.

Cross-examined by MR. HILLARY. He was of medium height and rather stout.

Schmieder's statement before the Magistrate: "I am not guilty; I reserve my defence; I will give evidence at the trial."

Matusch, in his defence, on oath, said that he had not been a party to any fraudulent conspiracy; that he had carried on a legitimate business, and had had no intention of defrauding anyone; that the companies were not bogus, and that the allegations were perfectly untrue.

Witnesses for Matusch.

WILLIAM GOULD . I live at Hazel Villa, Lilly Road, Walthamstow, and am an incandescent gas-fitter—I used to let apartments—Mr. Leppoc has been living with me for about nine months—I last saw him a little after New Year's Day I have not seen him since—sometimes he would go away on a Tuesday and not come back till the next week—I have never seen Matusch before—I think Leppoc travelled in cheap jewellery—he said he had a business in Whitfield Street.

MR. WAKEFIELD. I am a traveller, and live at West Hampstead—I remember meeting Matusch last July respecting the respectability of Mr. Hirsch—I said I knew a man who would go into partnership with Matusch.

GEORGE RICHARD STATHAM . I am an accountant, of 31, Furnival Street—I have been accountant to the Judd Company—at the end of 1897 the company was solvent, I think, but it is so long ago—I should not describe it as a prosperous concern—I am the accountant for the Griffin Company—the books were very carefully kept in both companies—I could trace every transaction.

Cross-examined. The accounts of 1897 were the last with which I had anything to do—the address of the Judd Company was 10, Carthusian Street—I did not know of it at 3, Holborn Place; the Griffin Company was carried on there—I was only signatory to two or three of Matusch's memorandums of association—I think the Griffin was a prosperous

company; it had a good year in 1898, I do not know about 1899—I only audited one balance-sheet in the Griffin Company.

Re-examined. A large amount was written off the profit for wear and tear of machinery.

EDWARD JONES . I am manager of the Atlas Express Company—I remember the Judd Company for about 10 years—we carried a number of parcels for them—we were always paid for our work in despatching parcels to the country; we only had a difficulty about an account once—we also sent parcels for the Griffin Company.

MR. SMITH. I am an engine-cleaner, of 10, Carthusian Street—I have known Matusch since 1894—he stayed there last July, and was employed in packing fancy papers, 20 a day on an average—I left Judd's at the end of 1898 or the beginning of 1899, and went to Holborn Place, to a manufacturing company, and afterwards to Mr. Griffin's—either Tom or Bill was with me—I think I saw Mr. Leppoc; he is about as big as I am—I have never heard him speak.

Cross-examined. I left 10, Carthusian Street at the end of 1897—no business was done with Judd, to my knowledge—I never saw goods removed from Holborn Place, or heard of it—I never saw a van come to remove goods; I was working downstairs at the machinery—when gentlemen came to the door I used to ask their names, and they told me—no business was carried on there, to my knowledge.

MR. HOPOUNSKI. I am a provision merchant, of 46, Leader Street—I have known Matusch about three years—I knew Mr. Harvey at the end of 1898, and Mr. Coppel I saw him first in November or December—I know Mr. Hirsch; there was great friendship between him and Mr. Coppel—(The prisoner Matusch persisted in asking the witness questions which the RECORDER said were irrelevant, and some of which, being in German, were unintelligible.)—Matusch said that Laponiski proposed to come into the business as a partner—I ceased to be secretary, and Laponiski was the real cause; there was a safe and machinery worth between ₤70 and ₤90, and a large stock—a company was formed about the middle of March, and Laponiski and I were appointed directors—we had a meeting about March 9th—there was a seal to the company—Matusch charged ₤450 for the stock; he had 100 shares which were considered as fully paid up—I got 10s. a week for having a look in occasionally, and 50s. for each meeting I attended—I saw the account books—I wrote out and signed certificates of shares—there were 13 shareholders, I think, and Mr. Laponiski had the principal part; 5s. was paid up, and he was to pay another 5s., but I cannot remember when—I saw him about three times a week—I saw Mr. Hurlingham occasionally, and Sullivan, a stationer, came on business to Colebrook Row—I gave Mr. Laponiski 10s. and two forms, and he told me to keep a sharp eye on Matusch—I gave Matusch ₤200 for the shares that I took—I saw Laponiski of a morning when I came down Finsbury Pavement; I did not see him at the Police-court; I saw him outside—I saw Pearce in December, 1900; he was unfriendly with Laponiski.

MR. DIMMOCK. I do odd jobs, and live at 16, Stokebank Road, Clapham—I have known Matusch since 1888—in 1895 I was discharged, and went into the country, and came back in 1898, and started a manufacturing company

in Holborn—Griffin had charge of the machinery; there were four machines—I remember a registered letter coming in I think, the spring of 1899; the boy took it in, and told me that he signed for it, and I am under the impression that it was given back—we always had a very large stock in Whitfield Street—I was there very early as a rule, but Matusch has come at 8.5 and caught me late—I was on friendly terms with Mr. Hirsch at first, but the latter part not so friendly—he behaved very strangely when I did one or two jobs for him—he is a teetotaller—there were brooms, brushes, and cycles there, and cases which had been used before; the majority of it was a lot of rubbish—I should say that it was not worth ₤50—I know nothing about any arrangement between Matusch and Harvey—about September or October I arranged the office and found a parcel there—I asked what was to be done with the typewriter, and suggested that I should take it away, as it was claimed by the broker—I gave my own name—I was in Matusch's employ throughout.

FREDERICK MATUSCH . I am the prisoner's brother; I entered his employ in 1898—Elliott was the manufacturer of these papers, but instead of buying them abroad, I developed the machinery—I received these letters—(Produced) from Glasgow—(From J. and E. Reed & Co, complaining that these bills had been put to a different purpose to what they were intended for, and stating that they would not pay them, but would call a meeting of their creditors, as the prisoners were swindlers, and ought to be wiped out.)—I remember the meeting of December, 1899—I believe Mr. Norman was proposed; he was not elected; I believe my brother opposed him—the plant was ₤1,750 or ₤1,800; it was put down by the auctioneer at ₤400—there was a levy by the Sheriff about the beginning of May, 1900—there was an order book and a rough day book; I did not see them, and did not post them—I have seen Harvey five or six times—he went there at 10 or 11 a.m., and on some occasions at 9.30 a.m.—I have met Yeomans and Harvey in the street—I have sent several large consignments of goods to Harvey & Co. at both places—this (Produced) is an extract from the ledger showing, various articles supplied to Harvey Bros., amounting to ₤108, and this ( Produced) is money repaid by Harvey—we had several printing goods from Fuller & Co.—I have known them since 1895—I have seen an order given for butter and eggs for ₤800—my brother tried to make lace with this paper; it is clear and soft—I think the stock at the time of his arrest was worth ₤830—in the early part of November Yeomans came and smashed a big window-pane—he said that he would give my brother five years.

Harvey further stated that he had been carrying on a real and large business with several different firms in the engineering line.

Schmieder, in his defence, on oath, stated that he was a German, and when acting as an agent at Breslau in 1894, he received a letter from Matusch, whom he had not seen, asking him to get orders for him; that he afterwards came to this country and did business with the Judd Company on his own account, and had no reason to believe that they were not a substantial firm, and therefore gave references for them, which were honestly true, and that several of Judd & Co.'s accounts appeared in his letter book. He produced his books, cheques, and documents, which he explained, to show that all his

business was bona-fide, and stated his willingness to indemnify everybody who had suffered from his references, and that he had never made a penny piece from the Griffin Company, or from Matusch or Hirsch, except in respect of orders supplied to them, but that the Griffin Company owed him nearly ₤1,100 for goods supplied.

The JURY here stated that they had heard sufficient, and returned a verdict of NOT GUILTY against SCHMIEDER, and of GUILTY against MATUSCH and HARVEY. The police stated that Matusch had been carrying on frauds since 1893, and Harvey since 1897.

MATUSCH —Five years' penal servitude; HARVEY— Eighteen months' hard labour.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-223
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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223. JOHN EDWARDS (28) PLEADED GUILTY to forging and uttering a cheque for ₤24, with intent to defraud— Eighteen months' hard labour.


Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-224
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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224. ARTHUR CECIL LLOYD (21) , Stealing a purse, four postal orders, a cheque for ₤2, and ₤5 10s. in money, the property of Henry Boyle, from his person.

MR. WARDE Prosecuted, and MR. BURNIE Defended.

HENRY BOYLE . I live at 4, Capel Road, Forest Gate—on the evening of February 15th I was leaving the Empire Music Hall, Stratford, with my wife and Miss Lewis—as I came down the staircase I felt a movement against my left hand trousers pocket; I put my hand down and said, "I have lost my purse"—I turned round and saw the prisoner immediately behind me—he said, "Have you?"—I kept in front of him down the staircase—he said that I must have been a fool not to have noticed it—I walked along the exit, talking to him—at the end of the exit I saw Police-constable Brown, and called his attention to it, and the prisoner went and stood, with his back against the front of the theatre—the officer asked him various questions, ultimately asking him his address—whilst we were talking Miss Lewis said, "There is your purse on the ground," and picked it up—it was immediately behind the prisoner; the cheque and gold were in it—I gave him into custody.

Cross-examined. I had been in the dress circle, and there was a fair crowd of people coming down that staircase, and I had to move slowly—when I said I had lost my purse I spoke loud enough for other people to hear as well as the prisoner—he did not try to get away—when I spoke to the constable he said, "You do not mean to say I stole your purse; it is all nonsense; you must be drunk, man!"

HENRY BROWN (512 K). On February 15th I was on duty outside the Empire Music Hall, Stratford—about 8.45 p.m. the prosecutor, with the prisoner, came to me and said, "I have lost my purse in the Empire"—I had a few minutes' conversation with the prisoner and edged him close to the wall—he seemed very uneasy—I said to him, "Would you oblige me with your name and address, please?"—he said, "Yes," and passed his left hand smartly behind him, and then brought both hands in front, and felt in his waistcoat pockets—at that moment Miss Lewis, who was standing by, said, "Here is the purse lying on the pavement"—the

prisoner's back was about a foot from the wall, and the purse was 4in. or 5in. from the wall—the prosecutor said, "I have got my purse; now I shall leave it in your hands, constable"—I took him to the station, where he was charged—he gave the name of Arthur Cecil Lloyd, 14, Ampton Street, Gray's Inn Road—his real name is William Smith.

Cross-examined. I had not seen the audience come out from the dress circle; I had seen them come from the other part of the house—when Mr. Boyle came to me I was standing close by the dress circle entrance, which is about 25 yards from the exit—I did not notice, when my deposition was read over to me, that nothing was said in it about my having had a few minutes' conversation with the prisoner, and I have no note in my book about the few minutes' conversation—he was not putting on his left-hand glove at the time I was talking to him.

Re-examined. The purse was picked up about 30 yards from the staircase they had come down.

HENRY BOYLE (Re-examined). The prisoner was putting on his lefthand glove as they were going off to the station.

ANNIE LEWIS . I live at 4, Capel Road, Forest Gate—on the evening of February 15th I went to the Empire Music Hall with Mr. and Mrs. Boyle—we left about 8.45—I came down the staircase with them—I saw the prisoner when we got to the foot of the staircase—when I got outside I saw Mr. Boyle speak to the constable—the prisoner was against the wall—whilst they were in conversation I looked on the ground and saw the purse lying behind the prisoner's left foot, about a foot from the wall—I picked it up.

HENRY BROWN (Re-examined). Where the purse was picked up was well-lighted with electricity, there being four big arc lights besides other illuminations.

GUILTY .—He then PLEADED GUILTY to a conviction of felony in the name of William Smith at Knutsford, on June 28th, 1899; seven other convictions were proved against him.— Three years' penal servitude.


Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-225
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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225. CHARLES JOHN PEARCE (48) PLEADED GUILTY to five indictments for stealing a watch and chain, clothing, and other goods, the property of Charles Tarrant and others, having been convicted of felony at this Court in October, 1896. Three other convictions were proved against him.— Five years' penal servitude, having one year and one month of his former sentence to serve.

Before Mr. Recorder.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-226
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentencesImprisonment > penal servitude

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226. CHARLES SMITH (48) PLEADED GUILTY to stealing five pairs of boots, the property of Thomas Sutton; also a pair of boots of Ada Codd ; also six pairs of boots of William Myall; having been convicted at Clerkenwell on June 9th, 1898. Twelve previous convictions were proved against him, and he had been three times sentenced to penal ervitude.— Seven years' penal servitude. And

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-227
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment > hard labour

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(227) CHARLES WARNER (17), and ROBERT WATTS (17) to breaking and entering a chapel with intent to steal. WARNER— Four months' hard labour. WATTS— Three months' hard labour. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-227a
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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227. HENRY REYNOLDS (22) , Indecently assaulting Charlotte Hemsley.


Before Mr. Justice Phillimore.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-228
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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228. LUKE YOUNG (38) . Feloniously shooting at Sarah Martin, with intent to murder her. Second Court: To do her grievous bodily harm.

MR. CAMPBELL Prosecuted, and MR. HARRISON Defended.

SARAH MARTIN . I live with my father and mother at Freak Road—I have known the prisoner two years—I met him on Whit Monday two years ago, and have been keeping company with him ever since—I have been away with him once or twice, and have had a child, of which he is the father—he has not ill-treated me at all—about six weeks ago he showed me a revolver and said, "You did not know I had one"; I said, "No, I did not"—that was all that passed—I was in his company every night after that—he was not allowed to call at my father's house, but he came there on February 4th to shake hands with my father, as he was going to sea the next morning—he gave me this advance note for ₤4 10s.—he remained till 7.10, and then went out with my father and came back to the house, where my brother was with his young lady, and we had a little musical party till 9.30, and then he and I went out for a walk down Greenwich Broadway, and had a cup of tea each—we went up Royal Hill, and to the Point—that is a recreation ground—it was then 11 o'clock; he said, "Come over to the corner," which is a quiet part, and said, "Me and you go to Heaven to-night"—I asked him what he was talking about—he said, "Never mind; you have deceived me in every way"; I said, "I have deceived you in nothing"; he said, "Never mind; this finishes us to-night," and took the revolver out of his overcoat pocket—I stood there, and he caught hold of my right arm, that I should not get away, and said, "If you scream I will kill you"—I struggled with him—my umbrella was open, because it was snowing, and I put it in his face—I struggled, and got away, and let go of the umbrella, and he fired at me at about two yards' distance—the first shot went through my hat; I felt nothing from the second, but the third shot me in my back—he fired five altogether—I ran away, and met two policemen and a gentleman, and saw the prisoner arrested—my jacket was then on fire—this is it, and my hat also (Produced); here is a hole in my hat—I saw Dr. Taylor at the station; I partly undressed, and a bullet dropped out of my clothes—on the Wednesday afterwards I found another bullet in the blanket of my bed; I do not know how it got there—I have been in the habit of receiving letters from the prisoner; the letter (Produced) is his writing.

Cross-examined. I have not been asked for any of his letters; he told me to burn them, but I have got them at home—I did not put the second bullet in the blanket—I swear that he did not give me some bullets before February 4th—I saw him on Sunday night, February 3rd, and on the Saturday, and nearly every night, but not in my father's house—he only showed me the revolver once—I remember his showing it to me in my father's house, and a bullet dropping out on the ground; that was another time—he did not say that I might have the bullet that dropped out; I did not keep it; it was never found—I did not find it and keep it with his permission, nor

was that the bullet which I found in the blanket; this is it—I have never seen a bullet before it has been shot—I have not got one which has not been fired—I have known him two years, and have stayed with him a fortnight at Honor Oak, and a fortnight at Lee; a month altogether, straight away—that was last summer—we had furnished lodgings, in the name of Chambers, at Brockley, a few miles from Deptford—I did not go home to my father's house while I was there—I have a mother living—I thought I was married to the prisoner, but I discovered that I was not, when he was given in charge—I went back home when I left him last summer, as I had no money, and he was going to sea—I did not go through a ceremony of marriage—he promised to marry me; I cannot remember when—I met him first at Point Hill in the danceroom two years ago; he asked me to have a dance with him, and I went—I gave him my address, and then had a letter from him, and he afterwards came to my house for me—he was not allowed to come there, because my father never liked him—he came on February 4th, because he wanted to make friends with my father before he went to sea—he spoke to my father, and my mother sent for some ale—nothing was drank but ale and stout—my brother and his young lady were there—it is not true that any spirits were drank—I have never found the prisoner the worse for drink—he had had some on February 4th, but he was not affected by it—he went out and came back with my father—my father did not say that they had three or four whiskies together—it was on the same afternoon that the prisoner gave me the advance note—my baby is now six months old; I am keeping it at my father's house—this is the only money he has given me, but he has bought the child his clothes, and mother fed him—there was no disagreement when this note was given me in the afternoon—he has never manifested any ill-feeling against me; we had no quarrel whatever—he did not say that it was usual for people like him to carry a revolver, but he said, "You did not know I carried it"—I do not know that he had been to sea when he was a boy, and joined the Army afterwards—he did not say that he had been in several engagements in battle, or that he was in the battle of Tel-el-Keber, but he gave me two medals (Produced) last year—I have not looked at them; I took no interest in them; I did not inspect them at all; I put them away, and did not look at them again till I gave them to the policeman—the prisoner said that I was to keep them for him, as he got them in a battle at sea—when he first gave them to me I read the words on them; one was "Egypt, 1882" and "1799," written backwards, and a figure of a sphinx—he did not say that he had been in several engagements in the Army, and that these two medals were given to him for battles in which he had fought—he did not tell me that he had been in Burmah or India, or that he had suffered from sunstroke in Burmah—he has not told me during the last two months that he had volunteered to go to Africa, nor did I telegraph to the headquarters of his regiment—after I left home he said that he was a soldier—Point Hill was always our walk—he has threatened me lots of times before—there was nothing extraordinary in our going to that particular spot—we had not been there five minutes when he made the statement about he and I going to Heaven; we were standing up

against the rails—I asked what he meant, and he said that I had deceived him, but I had not—I cannot tell whether he was following me when I ran away—I did not meet the policeman till I got to the main road—I did not know I had been struck till the policeman said, "Your jacket is on fire"—I was struck in two places on my shoulder and in the middle of my back—I was present when the prisoner was charged at the station—he said that he did not mean to hurt me, he only fired at the ground—I do not say that that is true—when the revolver was produced he said, "If you scream and fetch people, I will kill you"—I did not scream till he fired the first shot—that went into my hat—when we were at that spot he did not take out the revolver and say, "I want you to keep this for me," and offer it to me—he said that he was going to sea the next day—I did not take the revolver in my hand, nor did I say that it was loaded, nor did he say, "I will soon settle that," and begin firing it—there has been no cause why he should have any ill-feeling against me—he is a jealous man—he has never suggested that I have been with other men—I have never mentioned any person whom I have a regard for, but when we have had a row he has said, "I believe there has been somebody else"—those fallings out have been repaired—we were both on the very best of terms—he spoke to me affectionately—he did not kiss me, and I do not think he kissed me when he gave me the note, nor did I kiss him—I had my father's umbrella with a white and black handle—I do not know that he was struck on the head by that umbrella, but I saw that he was bleeding—I do not know who did it—it had a heavy handle with a piece across—I fainted through the wound I received—he caught hold of my right arm with his left hand—I was not long in getting away—I had the umbrella in my left hand, and I put it in his face—my body was not very close to him—his hand was not round my back—it was not till I had released myself that one shot was fired—I was two yards away—I do not know about his being perfectly sober, but he was sober; he was not intoxicated at all—it would not be true if anybody said that he was intoxicated.

WILLIAM COLE (22 R.R). On February 4th I was on duty near the Point, and heard four or five shots, and a woman's scream—I ran towards the sound, and saw the woman some distance down the road; her back was on fire—I asked her what was the matter—she said something, and I went to the Point with another constable—the prisoner ran towards us, put up his hands, and said, "Hands up"—I butted him in the stomach and threw him down—he was very violent, and I struck him with an umbrella which was on the ground—I asked him for the revolver; he said, "It is over there. Is she dead?"—I said, "No"—he said, "I wish I had killed her, as I could easily have got away, as I have signed articles to go away to-morrow"—on the way to the station I took this letter from him: "January 28th. My dear Sister,—No doubt the bad news will cause you a great start, but it is better thus, as this woman is too wicked to live. I am also a very wicked man myself, and two such people are better out of the world than in it. Good-bye; farewell. God forgive us both.—Your loving brother, LUKE "—it it torn; he tore it when I took it from him—I found six cartridges on him similar to those produced—a

revolver was handed to me at the station; it contained six spent cartridges, which I extracted—I think he was under the influence of drink; he appeared as if he had been drinking, on and off; I cannot say that he was drunk at that time.

Cross-examined. I may have said at the Police-court that he was dazed—being butted and struck with a truncheon would account for his being violent, but I consider I was justified in doing what I did—he did not say, "Is the woman hurt?"—he said, "Is she dead?"—I replied, "No"—he did not then say, "Thank God! I did not mean to harm her"—he said that he wished he had killed her; he never in my presence said, "I meant to do her no harm"—I left the woman in the care of an elderly man, and told him if he discovered anything wrong about her to take her to the nearest doctor—Saunders struck him with a truncheon; I struck him with the umbrella—he had a slightly contused wound; he fainted at the station, but I put it down to the heat of the room.

Re-examined. I have heard the suggestions, and maintain that my note is accurate as to what he said.

HARRY SAUNDERS (126 R). I was with Cole at the Point—I saw the prisoner coming towards us—he shouted, "Hands up," and pointed a revolver with his right hand—I ducked and dealt him a blow with my truncheon—when he was on the ground he said, "Is she dead?"—I said, "No"—he said, "I wish I had killed her."

Cross-examined. I heard the report of the revolver—I was not with Cole then, but we ran together to the spot, and the prisoner was coming towards us at a moderate pace—he held up the revolver; I could distinctly see it—the spot where we met him was not lit—this was at 11 o'clock on a snowy night in February—I could distinctly see the revolver; his hand was uplifted at the moment I struck him—Cole and I were then side by side, and his sight is as good as mine—I did not ask for the revolver, but somebody did—a man named Parrett, 21 or 22 years old, was also present; I saw no one else—I struck the prisoner across his head, because I feared he was going to fire the revolver—I only struck him once—his head was towards me; I was a little on his left side; I sprang at him—going to the station, I held his right arm with my left hand, and my truncheon in my right—I was ready for any violence—he was sober, in my opinion; I should not call him dazed.

SIDNEY HERBERT FEARON . I am a publisher, of 1, King George Street, Greenwich—I was with the two constables, and saw the prisoner approach them; he raised his right hand and called out, "Hands up"—the constables had to hold him down—I cannot say whether he had a revolver, as it was dark—one of the constables said, "Hold his hand, as he has got a revolver"—the prisoner said afterwards that he had thrown it over the railings—I found it half a dozen yards from him, and afterwards gave it to a policeman at the station—I saw an umbrella 30 yards off.

Cross-examined. I heard him say at the station that he did not mean to shoot her he shot at the ground; and he said something about Deptford—it was snowing, but you could see what was in his hand if you were close enough.

JAMES WILLIAMSON (Police Inspector, R). I was in the station when

the prisoner was brought in on February 4th—I took the charge—he said, "I did not mean to shoot her; I only fired at the ground"—he gave me the impression that he had been drinking heavily—he was somewhat dazed—this is the revolver (Produced).

—. I am a surgeon—I examined the prosecutrix—she had a graze on her left shoulder—the revolver must have been, fired at close quarters, because it set fire to her clothes—if it had penetrated her back it would have been fatal.

Cross-examined. I saw the prisoner that day—he had a wound on his forehead, and one on the top of his head—I dressed them—they were contused wounds produced by a blow—to a certain extent, it might be the cause of his fainting—I saw him about midnight—he certainly was not drunk at that time—I do not think he had lost much blood—I have not seen him since—I could not tell his mental condition—I did not have half a dozen words with him—I have not heard that he suffered from sunstroke abroad—it is generally considered that when people have suffered from sunstroke they are rather more apt to become unreasonable from drink.

JAMES SCOTT . I am surgeon to the gaol.

Cross-examined. I was informed that the prisoner was not quite right in his head some years ago in Ireland; I examined him on February 6th, but could detect nothing—he has been under my care ever since.

GEORGE—(Police Inspector). I have been in communication with the Royal Irish Constabulary at Skibbereen.

Cross-examined. It was stated by the police that Young was a married man, and had not been convicted; that they wished to find him, as he was a deserter, and that he was looked upon as not quite right in his head—he has been a soldier for many years—he joined the Royal Artillery in 1888, and afterwards joined the Army Reserve, and his conduct was very good—I have not heard that he was in hospital or invalided—he was called up into the Reserve in December, 1899, and deserted from Aldershot when he was under orders for Africa.

GUILTY .— Five years' penal servitude.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-229
VerdictGuilty > unknown; Guilty > lesser offence
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude; Imprisonment > hard labour

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234. GEORGE HENRY HILL, alias PARKER (22), was indicted for , and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of William Pearson.

MR. A. GILL, MR. MUIR , and MR. LEYCESTER Prosecuted, and

MR. P. CLARK Defended.

RHODA KING . I am the wife of Thomas George King, a printer, of 35, Exmoor Road, Southampton—on January 17th I travelled by rail third class from Southampton West to London in a lavatory compartment—the train started about 11.15—the lavatory was nearer to the back of the train than I was—I seated myself at the back of the train at the further end, with my back to the engine—no one else was in the carriage—when I got to Eastleigh the prisoner got in, and sat with his back to the engine, near the door—we were each in a corner seat—we stopped at Winchester, and Mr. Pearson got in, and sat in a corner seat opposite me—he was reading the paper, but not very long—neither of us spoke, up to the time we got to Surbiton—Mr. Pearson had then moved to the other side next to the lavatory door—before we got to Surbiton the prisoner went into the lavatory and shut the door behind him; he was there about two minutes, and came back and sat down again—I saw Surbiton Station us we passed through, and I took my ticket out of my purse and stood up and looked out at the window—I then had my back to the prisoner, and heard two sounds, one directly after the other, and thought it was fog signals—I did not feel anything, but I found my face bleeding—I said, "What have you done?"—he said, "I did it for money; I want some money; have you got any?"—I said that I had a little, and took my purse out and gave him a shilling—he took it and put it in his pocket—I noticed that Mr. Pearson was bleeding from his head, I cannot tell exactly from where—I do not think he was alive then; I heard a gurgling in his throat—the prisoner went to him and took some things out of his pocket—I saw a cigar case and a purse—he offered me a sovereign; I said that it was of no use to me; I would not have it—there was blood on my face; I tried to staunch it with two handkerchiefs, and then the prisoner gave me his, and the blood got on my hand—he said, "Keep your hands down; don't touch me," and I did not—he said he had come from Birmingham, and was going to Liverpool on Saturday night, and then to South Africa—I kept him in conversation some little time—I did not see the revolver, but he said, "It won't do for me to keep this by me; I have a good mind to put it in his hand, and then it will appear as if he had done it himself"; I said, "If I was you I would throw it out of the window"—he was going to throw it out, but

there were some men working on the line; he said, "I can't throw it out; there are some men working there"; I said, "If I were you, I should throw it out"; I saw it then, and he threw it out—he took some bullets out of his pocket, and I said, "I would throw them away too"—I did not see them; they were wrapped up—I said, "If I was you I would put something over his face, for I don't like the look of him," and he put a handkerchief over his face—he said, "As soon as I get to Vauxhall I shall make a run for it; mind you don't say anything about it"—when we got to Vauxhall the prisoner opened the door, and was going to get out; he hesitated a moment on the footboard, and then jumped out and ran away—I called out, "Stop him"—I was taken to the hospital, and was there about eight days—this (Produced) is the purse I saw in his hand.

Cross-examined. He did not speak when he got in, and he sat down on the seat nearest to where he got in—I sat at the other end—he did not go to sleep—I was not watching him, but he had a very bad cough; he coughed all the way, and seemed to be very restless all the time—he made no sign of knowing Mr. Pearson when he got into the carriage at Winchester—Mr. Pearson did not speak from first to last, or I either—the train stopped just before Surbiton, and he went into the lavatory—I do not know whether Mr. Pearson was asleep, but be was perfectly quiet—the prisoner was still sitting in the same place; after passing Surbiton he was sideways—I was nearer to him than Mr. Pearson was; he could have touched me with his hand—not a minute elapsed between the shots; it must have been at the same moment—it was before I turned round—it struck me on my cheek—he had not asked me for money, but I went on my knees, offered him money, and implored him to spare my life—he stood up at one time—he did not go over to Mr. Pearson at once after firing at him—I do not remember what sort of watch chain Mr. Pearson wore—I saw the purse, but did not see the money in it; I only saw what he took out in his hands—I did not see whether he took any money out of the purse and put it in his pocket, or out of his pocket and put it in the purse—I never saw him with a railway ticket at all—I was extremely alarmed—it was at my suggestion that he threw the revolver out of the carriage; he had previously asked me what he had better do with it—I remember passing some buildings with glass roofs at Nine Elms; it was at those that I suggested that he should throw out the revolver—I asked him if he had got a mother, and to spare my life for the sake of my two sons—be said, "I am sorry I hurt you/" and that he had two or three brothers, and had had bad luck for a long time—I asked him where he came from—he said, "Birmingham"—I have not since heard that his father lives there—it was at my suggestion that he put the handkerchief over the deceased's face and a paper behind his arm—the train had not quite stopped when he opened the door—I had never seen him before—so far as I know, he had no reason to assault me in any way—he did nothing between Eastleigh and Surbiton but look out of the window and cough—he had a very bad cough.

Re-examined. He did nothing from first to last to indicate that he knew Mr. Pearson.

ALFRED GIBBONS . I am a ticket collector at Vauxhall Station—on Thursday, January 22nd, I was on duty on the platform—my collector's

box is at the top of the stairs—that is the platform at which passengers from Southampton West arrive—I only saw the prisoner as he passed me—he gave up this return ticket (Produced); both halves are here—he gave it to me doubled up, and I did not notice that it was a whole ticket—I heard a shout of "Stop that man" after he had passed—I saw the porters run and look down and saw the prisoner running down the stairs.

Cross-examined. I was standing with my back to the rails—he passed me as an ordinary passenger at an ordinary pace, as far as I remember—I did not know who the shouts alluded to.

WILLIAM CRAIG . I am a porter at Vauxhall Station, and live at 53, Barrington Square, South Lambeth—I was on duty at No. 2 platform, heard shouts of "Stop him," and saw the prisoner giving his ticket up and rushing downstairs as fast as he could—I followed him, and across the road to the gas works—it was very dark inside—Fuller came up to me, and I saw the prisoner brought out.

ALFRED ATKINS . I am a fire-raker, employed by the South Metropolitan Gas Company—on January 22nd, about 2.30, the prisoner rushed into the gas works, and some people after him—he went into No. 12 archway—I found him in No. 10, standing between a truck and the wall—I caught hold of him; he said, "All right, mate, let me go"; I said, "No," and a policeman took him in custody.

THOMAS FULLER (143 L). On January 17th, in the middle of the day, I was on duty at Vauxhall Cross—I heard a disturbance, entered the premises of the Metropolitan Gas Company, and searched—somebody called out, "Here he is"—I saw the prisoner and arrested him—he said nothing—I took him to Larkhall Lane Station—he went quietly—before he was charged he said, "I wish I had killed the woman, and then I should have got away had I have killed her."

Cross-examined. I made this note at the time—Atkins came up afterwards with a railway porter—the prisoner did not speak, but he was very excited; he did not appear to have been drinking—I do not know that he had been drinking pretty freely two or three days before.

JOHN THORLEY (Detective Sergeant). I searched the prisoner at the station and found on him this purse, containing ₤5 in gold, a licence, four penny stamps, a game licence, and a receipt for rates, both in the name of Pearson—Mr. Pearson's name is on the purse, and his address is on the game licence—he was wearing a metal watch and a silver chain, but they had been taken off when I saw them—I found some cartridges loose in his trousers pocket; they fit the revolver—I found one shilling in his trousers pocket and 6 1/2d. in bronze—Innes afterwards handed me this revolver, with four full cartridges in it.

JAMES INNES . I am a plate-layer on the London and SouthWestern Railway—on January 17th, about 1.15, I was on duty on the line between the locomotive yard and Nine Elms, and found this revolver about 50 yards from the bridge, on the up Windsor line—I gave it to the policeman on duty.

Cross-examined. There are some sheds 40 or 50 yards west of where I picked the revolver up, with glass skylights in the roofs—they are not all glass.

ISAAC COLLINGS (Police Inspector). I was on duty when Fuller brought

the prisoner in—later in the day, about 5.30, I charged him with murder, and later on he asked for writing materials, as he wished to make a full confession of the crime—I gave him some paper, and said that anything he wrote would be used in evidence against him—he wrote down this statement, and signed it in my presence: "To Mr. James Parker. Dear Father,—I am writing to you from a prison, as I am here charged with the wilful murder of a man from Manchester, also wounding a woman, by shooting at them with a revolver. I must have been mad. I do not know what I did it for. I had no cause. I believe I am going mad, etc. Never crave for money; it is that which has been the ruination of my life. I have gone through hundreds of pounds, etc.—Your wretched and broken-hearted son, GEO. H. PARKER."

Cross-examined. I witnessed his signature; that is our practice—he handed me the letter and said, "It will be too late for the country post to-night"; I said, "I believe it will"; he said, "Keep it back."

Re-examined. It was open—he did not ask for an envelope.

STEPHEN ROSE . I am a rent collector, of 38, London Road, Battersea—on January 17th I was at No. 2 platform when the 1.35 p.m. train from Southampton arrived—my attention was directed to third class carriage 259; I went up to it, and found the deceased and a ticket from Eastleigh to Winchester; the fare is 6 1/2d., and the excess to Vauxhall would be 5s. 6 1/2d.—I assisted in taking the deceased to the waitingroom.

Cross-examined. The train started from Southampton West at 11.15 leaving East Leigh about 11.25.

ALBERT COOK (Policeman, W). I assisted in taking the body from the station to Lambeth Mortuary—I there searched the pockets, and found 3s. in silver in the right-hand waistcoat pocket, and 3d. in bronze in the right-hand trousers pocket, but nothing else of any value.

EDWARD RINGWOOD MEARS . I am a barrister, of 2, Elm Court, Temple—the deceased was my brother-in-law; he was a gentleman farmer—this game licence bears his name and address, 1, Church Road.

Cross-examined. So far as I know, he had never seen the prisoner—I know nothing of any quarrel between them—he might have ₤5 or ₤6 in his purse; I should not know; he might have less.

GEORGE ALBERT SIMPSON . I am a registered medical practitioner, of South Lambeth Road—on January 17th I was called to South Lambeth Station, and saw the deceased—he was dead—there was a wound on the left eyelid, and the left eyebrow was singed—I afterwards made a post-mortem examination, and found this bullet (Produced) in the brain—it is similar to these other bullets—death was due to the bullet—it went down wards and backwards—it appeared as if the pistol had been fired very close, and from a position higher than the eye.

Cross-examined. I am a B. A.—I have had very little to do with cases of weak brain or brain disorder, but I have studied it—people in the lower stations of life are generally more subject to diseases of the brain than in the higher, but it depends on circumstances—if a person is of naturally deficient mind, although it might be slight, it would be increased by excessive alcoholism—continual heavy drinking would impair a mind which was predisposed—another cause would be severe

disappointment, or brooding over some trouble, imaginary or not—it is quite possible that a man predisposed to the attacks of an unhinged mind, or weak-minded, might, from alcoholism or disappointment, be led away in a moment to do an act which he is not responsible for.

Re-examined. I mean that a man of naturally weak mind, by habitual drinking, might become insane for the time being; it would lead to delirium tremens; he might be of weak mind, and not be insane—if he was suffering from delirium tremens there would be clear indications of it—I am merely speaking generally; with regard to this particular case I have no knowledge, and whether he had been drinking heavily I do not know.

WILLIAM HENRY BECKLEY . I am a draughtsman, in the employ of the South-Western Railway, and live at 157, Douglas Road, East Leigh—I prepared these plans of carriage No. 269, and this model was made from them.

Cross-examined. The distance from the corner seat at one corner and the corner seat at the other is between 7ft. 6in. and 8ft., the two cross corners; the actual distance is 7ft. 9in.

By the JURY. And then, of course, there is the body of a person on each side—(Measuring the model.)—it is 9ft. 2in. from corner to corner, right into the corner—the breadth of the carriage is 5ft. 11in. from back to front.

ELIZABETH SARAH ROWLAND . I am the wife of James Rowland, a private in the Scottish Rifles, who is now in India—I live at 24, Prince Albert Street, Eastney, near Portsmouth—I know the prisoner as George Henry Hill—he was in Portsmouth in my company from January 12th to 16th—he was not doing anything—we went to two places of entertainment together, and he paid—we went to the theatre—on Wednesday, the 16th, we went together to Southampton, and stayed together that night, and in the morning we went to the station together—he paid the expenses of the trip—on the way to the station he left me, and I did not see where he went—when he came back we went to the station together—he said that he had sufficient money, and he took me a ticket for Portsmouth; I do not know whether he took a ticket for himself—we went together as far as Eastleigh, where I changed into a Portsmouth train, and we separated—that was the last I saw of him till he was in custody—I know his writing—after he was in custody, on the 19th I got this letter from him—(Read: "Holloway Prison. To Miss L. Rowland. Dearest Lizzie,—It makes my heart bleed, as I am writing these few lines, to think I shall never see you again, and that you will be alone and miserable now, and through me. I always loved you dearly, and meant well by you, and I know that what I am going to do wil✗ break your heart. I am truly sorry and penitent for having, in an evil moment, allowed myself to be carried away into committing the offence for which I now stand convicted, that of murder. No doubt you will remember, dear Lizzie, the morning we left Southampton, when I left you in the private bar of an hotel, I went and purchased a revolver, so that when I came down to Portsmouth on the Saturday I could end both our lives if I had not been successful in obtaining money from my father. I know you were not happy at home, nor I either, for I have been very unhappy of late, mostly on account of the false charges brought

against me at barracks. God knows I was as innocent as the dead. I shall get hung now, and may God help and protect you through your trouble. I should like for you to write a letter to me and tell me all your trouble, etc. It is breaking my heart to think that you are all alone now, and all through my mad act. I believe I was mad; I know I was drunk. God help me! My days are numbered, but I will bear it unflinchingly—Your wretched and broken-hearted sweetheart, GEO. H. HILL.,—I afterwards received these two other letters from him—(He first requested the witness to send him some clean clothes; the second was: "H.M. Prison, Holloway. To Miss L. Rowland. Just a few lines in answer to your kind and welcome letter, etc. I had no intention of hurting anyone after I left you at Eastleigh Station. I have received the things safe that you sent me, etc. I wish we could both have died together, and we should have been out of all trouble then, etc.—GEO. H. PARKER, H.M. Prison, Holloway.")—when we parted he told me he was going to London to get some things he had left there.

Cross-examined. He told me that he was going to Birmingham to see his father, and that he was out of work, and should get some when he got to his father's—I had known him since August—I do not wear a wedding ring—I never told him that I was married—Eastney is where I live; that is near Southsea—he treated me with kindness and affection—he is of a very affectionate disposition—on January 12th he came to visit me at my mother's house at Eastney, and took me out and spent money on me—a good part of that money went in drink—when he was going to London on January 16th he did not ask me to accompany him part of the way—I said before the Coroner, "He was going to London; he wished me to come with him part of the way"; that was part of the way to the station—I was the worse for drink, and so was he; we were drinking heavily all day—next morning, when we had been to Southampton, and he was going away, we went to a public-house to get more drink—we were some time in the public-house—I do not know where he took the ticket to, but he said he had enough money to take him home—I had not at any time expressed a desire to die—I never complained of being unhappy at home—occasionally, when he was courting me, he gave way to drink, but I do not think he was suffering from the effects of heavy drinking on this morning when he saw me off; he had completely recovered by that time—he has not spoken to me of any grudge he had against Mr. Pearson, nor has he mentioned his name—he is a man of somewhat quick temper; he was very fond of me indeed.

Re-examined. He had one glass of stout that morning; that was all—he said that he had enough money to take him home, but not enough to take me with him—I never told him that I was unhappy at home, but I had a reason for leaving home—it is not a fact that I was unhappy at home.

CHARLES BIRD (Policeman, 320). I produce some documents handed to me by the prisoner at the Police-court on January 25th—one is a letter to Mrs. Pearson—(Read: "January 25th. Dear Madam,—I am writing these few lines to ask your forgiveness for the crime which I have done. I read an account of your husband's funeral in the paper; I am really and truly

sorry for the crime which I have done, and I feel for you and your late husband's brothers. I am truly sorry and repentant for having in an evil moment allowed myself to be carried away into committing the offence for winch I now stand convicted. Perhaps you have seen in the paper that I had no intention whatever as to shooting your husband. No, none whatever. I purchased the revolver at Southampton with the intention of shooting the girl whom I have been going out with and myself; she was unhappy at home, and so was I. I shot your husband on the spur of the moment. I never spoke to him in my life, and it is utterly false what the woman Mrs. King says; I never asked your husband for money, nor she either. I am really tired of my life. If you only knew what I have gone through! But there, I am telling you of my trouble, and you have got enough of your own. God forgive me! There is nothing for me to do now but to make my peace with Him. I know it seems rather hard for a young chap like me, in good health and strength, only 23 years, to die like this; but never mind; I deserve it; God forgive me for saying so. I would now only ask you to write me a few lines, and say that you forgive me your husband's death.—I remain, the wretched murderer of your husband, GEO. H. PARKER").

ARTHUR DAVY . I am the divisional surgeon of police, and live at 344, Clapham Road—I assisted Dr. Simpson in making the post-mortem—on January 17th, between 9.30 and 10, I saw the prisoner in a cell at the Police-station—he was lying down when I went in with the Chief Inspector about some papers which were supposed to have been in the deceased's pocket—I thought he was remarkably cool under the circumstances; I saw no indication of drink.

Cross-examined. He was remarkably cool, considering the charge which was hanging over his head—I do not think the muzzle of the pistol was over 9in. from the deceased's face.

JAMES FULLER (Re-examined). When the prisoner was charged Fuller, No. 376, was present—that is another Fuller—he made a note also, but I have not seen it—the prisoner said what I have told you—he said that he had a grudge against him for what he had done when he was in the Army, and when he had left—what I have told you is what I put down at the time.

HENRY FULLER (376 L). I was in Larkhall Lane Station on February 27th, when the prisoner was there, and the last witness—I heard what the prisoner said, and made a note of it—he said, "I did it. This is an old grudge, as he injured me when I was in the Army, and also since I have been out"—he also said, "The woman pushed her head into it, and the trigger went off; she then went on her knees and begged for mercy, offering me a shilling; she promised she would not split; she also said that I jumped out of the train before it stopped"—James Fuller was not there all the time.

Cross-examined. It was said in the order in which I took it down—Fuller and I were not together the whole time—there were four of us there, and I was not taking particular notice of what he said to the others.

CHARLES EASMAN (41 W.R.). I was at Larkhall Lane Station when the prisoner was in custody, and took this note of what I heard him say (Reading:"I shot him to get my own back. The woman pushed her face

against the trigger, and afterwards it went off, grazing her cheek. I wish I had killed her, and then I should have got away; I wish I had killed the old cow. I had known him for a long time; he injured me both in and out of the Army."



Before the Lord Chief Justice.

25th February 1901
Reference Numbert19010225-235
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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235. JOHN BENNETT (22) was indicted for the wilful murder of Mary Jane Bennett. This case was removed from the Norwich Assizes to this Court under a Writ of Certiorari.



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