Old Bailey Proceedings.
22nd October 1877
Reference Number: t18771022

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
22nd October 1877
Reference Numberf18771022

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Sessions Paper.








Short-hand Writers to the Court,










On the Queen's Commission of



The City of London,





Pursuant to an Order in Council of 23rd October, 1876, issued under the Winter Assize Act,

Held on Monday, October 22nd, 1877, and following days,

BEFORE THE RIGHT HON. SIR THOMAS WHITE , KNT., LORD MAYOR of the City of London; The Hon. Sir ROBERT LUSH , Knt., one of the Justices of the High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division; The Hon. Sir CHARLES POLLOCK , Knt., one of the Barons of the Exchequer Division of the High Court of Justice; THOMAS QUESTED FINNIS , Esq., Sir ROBERT WALTER CARDEN , Knt., WILLIAM LAWRENCE , Esq., Sir BENJAMIN SAMUEL PHILLIPS , Knt., Sir THOMAS DAKIN , Knt., DAVID HENRY STONE , Esq., Sir CHARLES WHETHAM , Knt., WILLIAM McARTHUR , Esq., M. P., John WHITTAKER ELLIS , Esq., JAMES FIGGINS , Esq., HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT , Esq., SIMEON CHARLES HADLEY , Esq., and Edgar Breffitt, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir THOMAS CHAMBERS , Knt., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and ROBERT MALCOLM KERR , Esq., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.


JOHN STAPLES , Esq., Alderman,







A star (*) denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk (†) that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.


OLD COURT.—Monday, October 22nd, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Sergeant.

For cases tried this day see Kent cases.

NEW COURT.—Monday, October 22nd, 1877.

Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-750
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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750. JAMES CARROL (20), PLEADED GUILTY to unlawfully assaulting Edmund Woodford, and occasioning him actual bodily harm.— Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-751
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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751. ROBERT JONES (26), was indicted for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.

MR. LLOYD and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution.

HENRY SANSAM (Policeman S 289). On the afternoon of 7th September I was at the Bull and Butcher public-house, Whetstone, in plain clothes, except a pair of blue trousers—Jones came in, and called for a glass of ale, and tendered a florin—the barmaid brought it back bent—and I went after the prisoner, and saw him one hundred yards from the house talking to the prisoner Beattie—(see next case)—on seeing me he went off; I followed, and said "Have you had a glass of ale?"—he said that he went in—I said "The florin is bad; you had better come back and see about it"—Beattie then stopped—I said "You had better come back as well"—he said "Me"—I said "Yes, you"—going the police-station Jones said "Lot my mate go, he has nothing to do with it"—the prisoner was taken to the station and charged—Mr. Goodwin, the landlord of the public-house, gave me a bag containing eight counterfeit florins besides the one that was passed—I searched Jones, and found on him two good half-crowns, an albert, a locket, 1s. 10d., and three pawn tickets—I found a half-sovereign on Beattie.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. The coin was put into the till in my presence—I waited to see the coin tried, and then followed you.

EMILY OLMIT . I am barmaid at the Bull and Butcher—the prisoner tailed for a glass of ale, and tendered a florin—I put it in a corner of the

drawer, and when he went out I tried it, and bent it, and gave it to the constable—this is it.

Cross-examined. The other money in the till was in a bowl—there was no other large money.

GEORGE GOODWIN . I keep the Bull and Butcher—in consequence of what was said to me I went to Whetstone police-station—the policeman brought Jones and Beattie along—on going in I saw a little black bag in Beattie's left hand, which he dropped in a back garden—I picked it up, and gave it to the constable—I was only five yards away.

WILLIAM WEBSTER . This is a bad florin—the others are bad, five of them being of the same mould.

[The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate was that he met BEATTIE, who was a stranger, and asked him the way to the station, when the constable came—he made a similar statement in his defence.]

GUILTY . He was further charged with a conviction of a similar offence in January, 1875, at Maidstone, in the name of James Crowther , to which he

PLEADED GUILTY—(see next case).

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-752
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude; Imprisonment

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752. The said ROBERT JONES was again indicted with ALFRED BEATTIE (28) , for unlawfully having in their possession counterfeit coin with intent to utter it.

MR. LLOYD and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution; and MR. FULTON defended Beattie.

[HENRY SANSAM and GEORGE GOODWIN repeated their former evidenceBEATTIE received a good character.]


JONES**— Ten Years' Penal Servitude. BEATTIE— Two Years' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-753
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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753. CHARLES SMITH (22), and ROBERT ROOME (20) , Uttering counterfeit coin, having other counterfeit coin in their possession.

MR. LLOYD and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution.

ADELAIDE BURFOOT . I keep the Ship beer-house, 39, Gravel Lane, with my husband—on 12th September the prisoners tendered half-a-crown in payment for a pint of ale—I told them it was bad, and called my husband, and when I came back they were gone—I had said to the prisoners "I had a bad florin passed on Monday, and I think it was one of you"—they said "Oh no, I never was in the house before"—my husband ran after them.

GEORGE BURFOOT . I am the husband of the last witness—on the afternoon of September 12th she gave me a bad half-crown—I went with her to the door, and she pointed out the prisoners, who were thirty or forty yards off—I ran after them, and met constable Skinner—we both followed the prisoners for about ten minutes—they still ran—I gave the money to the policeman.

THOMAS FARMER (Policeman K 148). The prisoners passed me running from Mr. Burfoot. who afterwards gave me a bad half-a-crown—I went after them, and came up to them in Red Lion Street, and told them they would have to go with me to the station for passing a bad half-crown at the Old Ship public-house—Smith said he was never near the Old Ship or Gravel Lane before—I found on Roome four three pennypieces; but nothing on Smith.

THOMAS SKINNER (Policeman K 374). I assisted Farmer in taking the prisoners—I took Roome, and charged him with passing a bad half

crown—he said he never saw Smith before—I noticed that Roome was chewing something on the way to the station—the two prisoners sat near a cape which was hanging in the station.

GEORGE WALKER (Policeman K 612). On 12th September I placed my cape in the reserve room, about 2 p.m.—I then left till 6 o'clock, when I returned, and remained till 9.30—I then took my cape, and found this half-a-crown in it—I did not put it in my cape—no one came in between 6 and 9.30.

JESSE CLARK (Policeman K 650). The prisoners were brought in about 4 o'clock—four men were also brought in for the purpose of identification—only the prisoners sat near the cape.

WILLIAM WEBSTER . These two half-crowns are bad, and of the same mould—one is covered with teeth marks.

Smith's Defence. I never saw Roome before I went to have a pint of beer—I have been in prison two months.

Roome's Defence. I met Smith who said he had 6d., and we went to have some beer—we were given in custody—I did not know anything about it.

GUILTY Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-754
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceNo Punishment > sentence respited

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754. HENRY CLARK (62) , Unlawfully having in his possession counterfeit coin, with intent to utter it.

MR. LLOYD and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution. ALICE WELKINS. I am barmaid to MR. GARNON, of 414, Oxford Street—on 19th September the prisoner came in with three women and asked for a quartern of gin and a glass of bitter beer, and tendered a shilling—the liquor came to 7d.—Mr. Garnon spoke to the prisoner, who left the house. Thomas Garnon. I am a licensed victualler, of 414, Oxford Street—the prisoner and two women came in on 19th September—the last witness gave me a shilling and said it was bad—I spoke to the prisoner, who ran out—the women also ran out on the other side—I ran after him, and saw him throw some packets down a grating—I gave him in custody—I went to the house where the grating was, and a young man gave me a parcel which contained 19s.—I gave the bad shilling and the parcel to the constable.

WILLIAM PRIEST . I live at 12, High Street, Bloomsbury, and am a porter—I was in the kitchen at Mr. Beaumont's—I heard something drop in the area, and found some shillings wrapped up—I gave the parcel to Mr. Beaumont.

JOHN HENRY BEAUMONT . I live at 412, Oxford Street—I received from Priest a parcel containing bad coin—Mr. Garnon afterwards came, and the parcel was given to the policeman.

PATRICK HACKET (Policeman E 436). The prisoner was given into my custody—he said nothing—these are the coins.

WILLIAM WEBSTER . These two shillings are bad—here are also ten bad shillings, five being of the same mould as the one passed; and four bad florins.

Prisoner's Defence. I met the women and gave them some drink—they asked me to have some more; and when we went into the prosecutor's house they ran away—I know nothing about the transaction.

GUILTY Judgment Respited.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-755
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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755. HARRY SYMES (20) , Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.

MR. LLOYD and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution.

JOHN GLANDER . I am barman at the Old Red Lion, Holborn—on

29th September, about 8.30 p.m., the prisoner called for a glass of ale, and tendered a bad shilling—I bent it and gave it back to him—he paid with a good shilling—Mr. Kiel afterwards came in and spoke to me—I afterwards found the prisoner at the King's Head.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. I gave you 6d. and a fourpenny piece in change, which you put in your pocket.

EDITH LEWIS . I am barmaid at the King's Head, Little Queen Street, Holborn—on Saturday night, 29th September, the prisoner came in for. a glass of ale and gave me a bad shilling—I put it in the bar—I am sure the other barmaid took out the same shilling—I saw Julia Wright give it to Mr. Kiel.

CHARLES JOHN KIEL . I am the landlord of the King's Head—my attention was called to the bad shilling—the prisoner was then at the bar—I asked him where he got it—he said at his work in a printingoffice—my potman then told the prisoner that he had been trying to pass a bad shilling at the Red Lion—the prisoner said he had not been to the Red Lion—I afterward fetched Glander, the barman—I gave the prisoner in custody with the shilling.

CHARLES MARTIN . I live at 7, Eagle Street, High Holborn, and am a builder—I was at the Red Lion when the prisoner came in—I saw the shilling bent—I watched the prisoner—he pretended to be drunk—he walked about five yards and then ran across the road and went to a man with a white apron and a female with a brown dress—I followed them to Little Queen Street, where they parted, and the prisoner went into the King's Head.

JAMES HODGSON (Policeman E 475). I was in the King's Head public-house on the night of 29th September, and received a bad shilling from Mr. Kiel—I asked the prisoner where he got it; he said from his work—Glander came from the Red Lion and pointed him out as having been there—I took him to the station.

WILLIAM: WEBSTER . This shilling is bad.

JAMES HODGSON (re-examined). I went to the prisoner's place of work—they had employed him fifteen months, but he had not been there more than two days during the last month.

GUILTYRecommended to mercy by the Jury. Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-756
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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756. THOMAS JONES (20) , Robbery with violence on David Thomas, and stealing from his person an umbrella, a pair of trousers, and 6s., his property.

MR. A. B. KELLEY conducted the Prosecution.

DAVID THOMAS . I am a draper, of 34, Roman Road, Bow—on 17th October I was in Whitechapel Road between 12 and 1 o'clock; some women came to me—I told them I would have nothing to do with them—afterwards a man came up and put his hand round my neck, threw me down, and took my parcel and umbrella and between 6s. and 8s.; it was mostly florins—the prisoner held me down, and the women laid on me.

PATRICK LYNCH (Policeman H 189). I was on duty on 17th October in Whitechapel Road—I saw two women accost the prosecutor, who turned round and walked ahead of them—a few yards further the prisoner came behind the prosecutor and knocked him down—he halloed out "Police!" and they all ran away—I followed the prisoner forty yards and asked him what he ran away for—he said "If I did anything I beg the gentleman's pardon"—I had seen the prisoner in the women's company before

they approached him—I found on the prisoner three florins, a penny, a halfpenny, and 4d. in his waistcoat pocket—I asked him to account for it; he said he could not.

GUILTY . He was also charged with a previous conviction of felony in October, 1876, at Clerkenwell, to which he

PLEADED GUILTY**— Seven Years' Penal Servitude.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-757
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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757. JOSEPH OWEN (26) , Feloniously cutting and wounding George Turner, with intent to disfigure him, also to do him some grievous bodily harm.

MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution.

GEORGE TURNER . I am a dustman, of 18, Providence Place, Lisson Grove—the prisoner formerly worked for the same firm as a boatman—on Saturday, 29th September, I was returning from work about 8.15 p.m., when I saw the prisoner quarrelling with another man near the Running Horse, in the Harrow Road—I advised the prisoner to go home—he seized my nose and nearly had a piece off—I asked him to let me go—I went to the hospital, and the prisoner was locked up—I have never given him any offence—he was drunk; I don't think he could know what he was doing.

JOSEPH HIGGINS (Policeman H 75). I found the prisoner drunk in the Harrow Road on 29th September, and fighting with a man named Whit mill—I took him to the station and charged him with being drunk and disorderly.

JAMES WHITMILL . I am a dustman, of 40, North Road Wharf, Pad dington—on 29th September the prisoner quarrelled with me at the Running Horse—he was drunk—the prosecutor came up, but did nothing to the prisoner—the prisoner struggled with him and got him on the ground—he went to the hospital and a constable took the prisoner.

RALEIGH OWEN , M. R. C. S. I am house surgeon at St. Mary's Hospital—Turner came in on Saturday evening, September 29th—he was sober and quite sensible, but suffering from a lacerated wound on the right side of the nose, extending to the side of the cheek and to the cartilage of the nose; such a wound would be caused by teeth—a great deal of violence must have been used.

Prisoner's Defence. I did not know what I was doing.

GUILTY Five Years' Penal Servitude.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-758
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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758. JOHN MARS (35) , Feloniously cutting and wounding Albert Daelmans, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.

MR. DENISON conducted the Prosecution.

ALBERT DAELMANS . I am second mate of the Baron Osy—I was on on board on Saturday, 29th September—the prisoner was employed as stevedore—the ship was lying off Iron Gate Wharf—I gave the prisoner instructions; he told me to shut up—I told Mr. Nye, my employer—the prisoner then knocked me with this hook in the face, and hit me in the eye and on the nose—I fell down—a man laid hold of him and he was detained.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. I did not get hold of you by this hook, nor by a small hook, nor punch you with my fist, nor knock you down.

THOMAS NYE . I am a stevedore, of 5, Ada Road, Bow—on the evening of 29th September the last witness made a communication to me and I called the prisoner out of the hold—he came up with a small hook and dropped

it and attacked Daelmans with a large hook—I said "You d—d murderer, what are you doing of; do you mean to kill the man?"—I got the hook from him; he was eat up with passion—he has worked for me six or seven years.

Cross-examined. I got you down on the deck and hit you hard.

EDWARD PLUMMER (Thames Police Inspector). I was called to the Baron Osy on 29th September and saw the prosecutor bleeding from a slight wound under his right eye and on his nose—he told me in the prisoner's presence that the prisoner had assaulted him—I took the prisoner.

PRISONER'S DEFENCE. This mate told me I was not working hard enough—I said I could not work harder—he asked me a second and a third time—I told him to shut up, and he told Mr. Nye, who called me up, and then this mate snatched the hook and tore my jacket, which saved my flesh, and I thought it was time to defend myself—I closed with him and Mr. Nye came to his assistance—they got me down and thumped me, and called another man, who also tumbled on me—my teeth are loose now—the hook accidentally caught the mate in the face—I did not intend to hurt him, and he did not know he was hurt till somebody told him he was scratched—I have worked for him twelve years, and never had a quarrel before.

GUILTY of unlawfully wounding. Recommended to mercy by the Jury— Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

OLD COURT.—Tuesday, October 23rd, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

The following Prisoners PLEADED GUILTY:—

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-759
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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759. HENRY JONES (20) [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image] , to stealing a handkerchief of Edward Hilder from his person, having been previously convicted of felony—** Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-760
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceImprisonment; Imprisonment

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760. ALFRED HIETT (20) and WILLIAM HENRY BUSSELL (26) [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image] , to a burglary in the dwelling-house of George Hearn and stealing therein 7s., a pencil-case, and other goods his property. HIETT— Fifteen Months' Imprisonment. RUSSELL— Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

NEW COURT.—Tuesday, October 23rd, 1877, and

THIRD COURT.—Wednesday, October 24th, 1877, and Thursday, October 25th, 1877.

Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-761
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation
SentenceImprisonment; Imprisonment

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761. WILLIAM SWINDLEHURST (52), JOHN BAXTER LANGLEY (60), and EDWARD SAFFERY (40), were indicted (with JOHN SHAW LOWE , not in custody), for unlawfully conspiring by false pretences to obtain 9,312l. from the Artizans', Labourers', and General Dwellings Company, Limited.

The ATTORNEY GENERAL, the SOLICITOR GENERAL, MR. BOWEN and MR. STRAIGHT conducted the Prosecution; SIR. HENRY JAMES, MR. COOPER, and MR. LOCKTWOOD appeared for Swindlehurst, MR. WILLIS, Q. C., and MR. BESLEY for Langley, and MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE and MR. HORACE AVORY for Saffery.

SIDNEY CASBORNE . I am a clerk in the Joint Stock Registry Office, Somerset House—I produce the articles of association of the Artizans', Labourers', and General Dwellings Company, Limited—it is signed in the usual way by seven subscribers for fifty-five shares—the first is James Shaw Lowe, of 125, Devonshire Road, Middlesex,

commission agent—he took ten shares—the date of registration is 8th January, 1867, and the memorandum is signed on 31st December, 1866—the second subscriber is William Swindlehurst, of 41, Guildford Place, Kennington Lane, Surrey, engineer, for ten shares. The object of the Company is the purchase or acquirement from time to time of leasehold, copyhold, or other land situated within the metropolitan district, and the erection thereon of dwellings for the labouring classes, and of buildings to be used as schools and working men's clubs—the capital is 250,0007., which was originally divided into shares of 10l. each. Article of association 61 states that directors attending any meeting of the board shall be entitled to 1l. 1s. as remuneration for their services—article 109 is as to the appointment of officers, and states that William Swindlehurst, of Kennington, shall be the first secretary, at a salary of not less than 150l. a year—on 21st December, 1869, special resolutions were passed, which were confinned in January, 1870, and instead of the 109th section, in its original form, I find a resolution that the words "shall be the first secretary" shall be expunged, and the words "permanent secretary" inserted in their place—on 8th October a further resolution was passed, which was also duly confirmed and registered, "That the capital shall be increased from 250,000l. to a million"—the first list of share-holders is to December, 1868, and the last is to 1876.

ROBERT COLLIER DRIVER . I am an auctioneer, of 4, Whitehall—in 1874 All Souls' College, Oxford, entrusted me with some property close to the Harrow Road, consisting of seventy-one acres two perches—I advertised it for six weeks in all the principal London papers and in the local papers, the auction to take place in April, 1874—the property was divided into five lots—these (produced) are my particulars of sale—lot 2 was sold to Messrs. Kelly, builders, for 10,000l., and 1,000l. deposit was paid and the contract signed—that consisted of sixteen acres, three roods, thirty-five perches—on 16th April, two days afterwards, Saffery called on me—refreshing my memory from my diary, I told him that the price of lots 1, 3, 4, and 5 as a whole would be 30,000l., and nothing less would be taken—those lots were not sold at the auction, as there was not sufficient bidding, and they were bought in—my impression is that Saffery said that he was looking out for an estate for a building society—he came again on 23rd April, 18/4, and I have entered, "Attending Mr. Saffery, when I told him the price was 22,000l. for lots 3, 4, and 5, and that a portion of the purchase money might be on mortgage; that I. would not negotiate with anybody else for one month, and that a deposit of 10 per cent. would have to be paid—the deposit was not for keeping it open—on 18th Hay I saw him again, and have entered, "Attending Mr. Saffery, when he offered to purchase lots 3, 4, and 5 for 22,000l. if he Could purchase; lot 2 for 10,000l.;" that was the lot we had sold to Kelly at the auction—on the 22nd I have, "Attending Mr. Longeroft with Mr. Saffry and Mr. Kelly, and conferring as to the proposed purchase of lots 3, 4, and 5, and the relinquishment of lot 2, agreed to defer matter till to-morrow for certain preliminaries"—Mr. Kelly had been in communication with Mr. Saffery on the subject of selling the lot he had bought, and I believe he wanted several thousand pounds as a profit upon the transaction, as he, being a builder, would lose his

profit through not covering the land with houses; and at a meeting at our office, not sought by me, the preliminaries were arranged as to the price Mr. Kelly was to pay to Mr. Safford I presume—Mr. Longcroft was there, but I do not think he took any part in the discussion; I only knew that he was a solicitor—I did not know for whom, nor had I heard of the Artizans' Company at that time—on 23rd I have an entry, "Attending Mr. Saffery with Mr. Surtees, cancelling the original agreement of lot 2, returned deposit of 1,000l. less 20l., and entered into fresh agreement with Mr. Saffery for the sale of lots 2, 3, and 4 for 32,000l., receiving contracts, &c."—this (produced) is the contract that was executed—All Souls' College are the vendors, and the Artizans' Company the vendees—this is the original agreement with Kelly cancelling lots 2, 3, 4, 5. (This was dated 23rd May, 1874, purchase money 32,000l., deposit 3,200l., signed Chas. N. Longcroft, on the part of the Artizans' Dwellings Company.) On 20th July Saffery came again and offered me 8,000l. for lot I—I think he called again on 7th August, when I did not see him—I saw him on 12th August, when he said that he wanted another fortnight, and I gave him till the 28th instant, the purchase to be paid to the commissioners, and we were, if possible, to get a mortgage—this (produced) is a copy of the contract which was prepared, and I signed it on 23rd September—it is for the sale of lot 1 for 8,000l., and a deposit was paid of 800l.—I have not got the original.

Cross-examined by Me. Serjeant Ballantine. I have a memorandum of a letter to Mr. Purvis, the land agent—I cannot give you the date of it; it was some time in August, and a letter, dated 23rd July, from Saffery Brothers to Mr. Purvis—with regard to all the lots I was dealing with Saffery as the probable purchaser—I knew no one else in the matter, and he negotiated with me in a very straightforward manner—I had a certain price given me by the Bursar at which to sell, and not less, which was fixed by the copy-hold commissioners—those were the prices I gave to Saffery, and I gave him a certain point which was afterwards extended, and I should not have sold it to anybody else during that interval—Kelly bought lot 2 for 10,000l., and an arrangement was made in an adjoining room between them for Kelly to abandon his purchase for 3,000l., and the 1,000l. deposit was paid back.

Cross-examined by Sir Henry James. The Harrow Road estate was rather more than seventy acres, and when Kelly's lot 2 was taken away, that left above fifty-three acres—Kelly bought lot 2 by auction, and I tried to get the best price I could—I knew of his obtaining 4,000l. from Saffery—this (produced) is' a document entered into between Saffery on behalf of the Company and Messrs. Kelly—Saffery told me when he wanted to purchase lots 3, 4, and 5, that it would depend upon his buying lot 2 from Kelly, and he wished me to negotiate with Kelly as to the amount he would take by way of profit, but I left them to settle it between them, saying; that I could be no party to it—the property in Harrow Road afforded great facility for building purposes—property in the neighbourhood had been increasing in value, and this had been for sale for years—the land contained brick-earth—building operations had been largely extended in that district—they had built up to the

very verge of the property, and there was a railway station close by, and any part of the City and West End could be easily reached by Broad Street or Victoria—the property runs along land increasing in value.

Re-examined. I do not know where the money came from that Kelly got—I was no party to the transaction—when the agreement was cancelled this agreement (produced) was handed to me—this other agreement is with Mr. Longcroft—this I am a party to, but the other I am not.

CHARLES NEEDHAM LONGCROFT . I am a solicitor, of 1, Clement's Inn, and have been in the profession eight years—I know the three defendants and also Mr. Lowe, who is not here—in 1869 or 1870 I was appointed solicitor to the Artizans', Labourers', and General Dwellings Company, Limited, through Mr. Swindlehurst's intervention, who was then manager and secretary of the Company—I had known him about a year before that—I did not know any of the other defendants before I was appointed—Swindlehurst was not a director when I joined, but he became a director about two years afterwards—from 1870 downwards he remained chairman—Mr. Lowe was a director when I joined, and continued so down to this prosecution, but he did not act on any committee that I know of—I do not know that there was a finance committee—I was aware during 1872 of business being done between Swindlehurst and Mr. Saffery in connection with the Shaftesbury Park estate—I have some notes here made by myself with reference to the Queen's Park estate—I do not keep a diary—the first entry I have is 19th May, 1874, "Attending Mr. Swindlehurst as to the purchase, conferring as to the arrangements, so as to attend to the different interests, and he is to see Mr. Saffery and see me again to-morrow"—I have no doubt Mr. Swindlehurst told me that it was proposed by the Company to buy the estate—I do not recollect whether Mr. Kelly's name was mentioned at that interview, but I believe it was—an arrangement was made for a meeting next day, and on 20th May I saw Swindlehurst again—he showed me the letter, which is in Saffery's writing—(This was dated 20th May, and signed Edward Saffery, offering to sell the estate for 45,312l., 3,200l. to he paid on signing contract, and 16,000l. to remain on mortgage at 4 per cent.)—my entry is" 20th May, attending Mr. Saffery, terms of agreement arranged, and I was to prepare contract"—I did not know then of the interest of All Souls' College in the property, or that it was passing through Messrs. Driver's hands—the contract was prepared on the 21st, and signed on the same day—I did not consult the board before preparing it—I do not think Saffery was present while it was being performed—on the same day I have "Attending Mr. Swindlehurst at Westminster, long conference thereupon, and arrangement with Mr. Langley"—I have an item here saying that I attended Mr. Langley in an interview with Swindlehurst the same day, but I should not like to swear to it because these items are not always correct: they are entered every two or three days, and I have been in the habit of entering not only what took place, but what I intended to do—those entries were generally made within two or three days of the event—I have an entry in my diary of attending Mr. Langley at Lincoln's Inn Fields and arranging further, "and on the same day "Attending Mr. Saffery in the City, when it appeared there was a difficulty between him and Kelly us to this contract, which was not cancelled, and he will see me to-morrow morning"—I did not see the Harrow road property till

after the contract was signed—this is the contract—it was prepared on the 21st and signed on that day in my office by Saffery and myself for the Company—(This agreement was dated 21st May, 1874, between Edward Saffery and the Artizans' Dwellings Company for the sale of four plots of land in the Harrow Road for 45,312l., 3,600l. to be paid on signing the agreement 25,712l. on the completion of the purchase, and 16,000l. to remain on mortgage if required)—I signed that contract by Swindlehurst's instructions—I do not think I saw Mr. Langley or Mr. Lowe before I signed it—I drew the agreement myself—I did not see any contract by which Saffery was equitably entitled to the land, but he told me he was in a position to sell it—it was not drafted before it was engrossed—it was dictated to one of my clerks, not in Saffery's presence, and transcribed from shorthand—I had the letter of 20th May before me at the time—I suppose Saffery read the agreement before he signed it, but it is four years ago, and I cannot swear it—I saw Swindlehurst again on the 21st after the contract was signed, and I see I obtained from him a cheque for 400l. on account of deposit, making 3,600l. in all—I got 3,200l. on 20th May by cheque from Swindlehurst, and on 22nd 400l. more—the 3,200l. was for a deposit on the purchase; the cheque was afterwards paid to Driver's—I do not know whether I received it from Swindlehurst personally or whether it was paid to a clerk or to my bank—I saw Swindlehurst before I went to Driver's—Saffery took me to Driver's, telling me it was necessary to go there to proceed with the purchase—I think the 22nd was the first time I heard Driver's name—the book as to Kelly's contract was referred to, which had not been settled, and I believe Driver said there was a doubt whether any mortgage was stipulated for to remain on the property—I suggested he should write to Oxford, and an appointment was made for the next day, when I again went to Driver's—(Cheque read " May 20,1874, pay C. N. Longcroft, Esq., or order, 3,200l. deposit, for the purchase of Harrow Road estate.")—this endorsement is mine—the cheque was paid in to my bank on the 13th, but there is a mistake in the banker's book—the body of the cheque is Swindlehurst's writing, and Walters and Hoskins sign it—on 23rd May I was at Mr. Driver's office for a considerable portion of the day, and the two Mr. Kellys were there, and Mr. Saffery, and I believe Mr. Surtees—I was engaged in drawing out these two contracts of Mr. Driver to put in—Mr. Saffery was present when they were signed—I paid 400l. to Mr. Walters and 3,200l. to Mr. Driver, which money I had received from Swindlehurst—I also signed these three contracts with Mr. Driver (produced)—on 20th June I saw Swindlehurst to arrange for the payment to Saffery and to Kelly of the difference between the original contract between Safiery and Kelly, and the amounts of the contracts with All Souls' College—between 9,000l. and 10,000l. was to be paid to Saffery, who, I believe, had asked me for the money previously—at that time the purchase was not actually completed—Swindlehurst said either at that interview or subsequently that he would arrange for these moneys to be paid—I had another interview with him on 13th July and received from him 11,912l. by this cheque (produced) which I believe was given to me persoually at Westminster—I did not pay the money to Saffery till 20th July, and I believe Swindlehurst told me to pay him in the size notes in which I did pay him—I paid the cheque into my bank and drew another (produced) on my own account for 9,312l. which I cashed myself over the counter on 20th July—Read,

"Pay E. Saffery or bearer 9,312l., C. N. Longcroft"—this endorsement of the notes in which I desired it to be paid was not made by me, but I have no doubt it is right—five 1,000l. notes, thirteen 100l. notes, five 10l. notes, &c.—that was in consequence of instructions I had received from Swindlehurst—I paid them to Saffery at my office—I do not think anybody else was present—Swindlehurst came to my office twice that day, but I did not see him—twelve months afterwards I was paid 800l. for the purchase—altogether it was less than I was allowed by the Law Institution—the stamps amounted to 200l.—I received it from Swindle hurst, I believe—Saffery also paid me fifty guineas for preparing two releases, and there were these extra contracts which I could not charge the Company with—I took a receipt for the 9,312l., but cannot find it—a part of the purchase with Driver was completed on 6th Oct., 1874, on which day 22,000l. was paid into the Bank of England—I received that from the Company—the purchase was subject to the approval of the Copyhold Commissioners, which it always is as a matter of form—I was to pay Kelly's for his interest 4,000l., and I paid them part and paid the balance about 7th August—I received the money to pay them from Swindlehurst by cheques of the Company; all the cheques were the Company's—I saw Swindlehurst a day or two before 7th Aug. in reference to the purchase of lot 1, and believe he gave me verbal directions only—he said that lot I was to be purchased for 10,000l.—I saw Saffery about it on 7th Aug.—I do not remember what he said, but the agreement was drawn up there and then—(This was dated 7th Aug. between Mr. Saffery and the witness, stating that the purchase money for lot 1 was to be 10,000l., half of which was to remain on mortgage at 10 per cent.)—I signed that by Mr. Swindlehurst's instructions; he was not present I believe at the interview between Saffery and me, and I believe he did not know Beforehand that the contract was about to be signed—at the time I signed it I had no instructions from Mr. Driver as to lot I—no deposit was made to Saffery upon the 10,000l.—I have no entry of the signature to that contract—Sept. 2nd was the date when I was first placed in communication with Mr. Driver on the subject of lot 1—I could not have seen Mr. Swindlehurst on 1st Sept.; the appointment was made for me to see Mr. Driver directly I returned to England, and I do not think I had returned on the 1st—the contract of Sept. 2nd, 1876, is the only contract on the subject of lot I with the exception of the memorandum of agreement just read—Saffery also signed it—(The agreement was here put in)—the purchase money is there stated to be 8,000l., and in the previous memorandum it is 10,000l.—I do not remember whether anything passed between me and any of the defendants on the subject of the difference between those two figures, or whether it attracted my attention, but if I received the deposit money it would—of course when I saw Mr. Driver I knew that only 8,000l. was going to be paid to the college—I do not remember making any observations about that to any of the defendants or they to me—I paid the 800l. to Mr. Driver; it was received at my office while I was away by cheque—the cheque for 800l. on the National Bank, Charing Cross Branch, signed J. Lowe, director, is payable to my order, but I never received it—it is endorsed by my clerk and paid into my bank on 14th Aug., 1874—I then drew a fresh cheque—the cheque signed C. N. Long croft is in the writing of one of my clerks, and the counterfoil also, I believe—I think his name is Wood—that cheque having been paid into

my account I paid Mr. Driver by a cheque of my own on 3rd Sept.—Saffery said to Mr. Driver that it was subject to his previous contract, or words to that effect—I said of course, and he suggested that a memorandum should be entered on the contract signed by Saffery and myself—this is it—"I hereby consent to lot I being sold direct to the Artizans' and Labourers' Dwellings Company, subject to the terms of my agreement with the Company, Ed. Saffery"—Mr. Driver was there at the time of the conversation between Saffery and myself—I think the next money paid after that in respect of lot I was paid to the Copyhold Commissioners—2,000l. was paid to Saffery in respect of that on 13th Oct. by Swindle hurst's instructions—I received this cheque from Mr. Swindlehurst— (This was for 2,000l., signed by J. S. Lowe and Mr. Hoskins, directors, and countersigned by Swindlehurst)—that is Mr. Swindlehurst's writing, and so is this counterfoil, and this is Mr. Lowe's signature, who is not here—I endorsed it—I received Swindlehurst's instructions to pay the money to Saffery, not the cheque itself—I sent the cheque to my bank and got from the bank in return in an envelope this cheque of 30th Oct. for 2,000l. to Saffery or bearer—if it was cashed in any particular way, I received instructions from Swindlehurst to that effect, bat I do not know whether it was cashed or whether I paid it to Saffery just as it was—I do not remember giving instructions as to how it was to be cashed, but I have no doubt I sent it to the bank by Swindlehurst's directions for bank-notes—I believe I paid Saffery the 2,000l. in notes—I prepared and took a release on 30th Oct., and witnessed Saffery's signature to it—I have it here—it is signed by Saffery and myself—at that time I think the purchase of lot I was complete with All Souls' College—I think it was included in the 22,000l. which was settled on 6th Oct., 1874—I believe that purchase was cancelled—I do not know when the conveyance was executed—I have not got it, but the money was paid into the Bank of England on 6th Oct., 1874—I have no entry of when it was executed, because it was signed at All Souls' College, Oxford—I do not remember seeing Mr. Langley in respect to the purchase of lot 1—I had no knowledge that any portion of the sum paid to Saffery was to go back to the directors.

Cross-examined by Sir Henry Lutes. I sometimes attended the board meetings, not often—I was aware that Mr. Walton was one of the directors, I learned that he had been a builder—the other directors, Mr. Hoskins, who principally attended, Mr. Russell, Mr. Lowe, and Mr. Langley, principally managed the Company—their object was to obtain property upon which cottages could be built for the poorer class of people who were dispossessed of dwellings elsewhere, where there was early commun cation with the places where they had to work—the Company increased in prosperity as it went on, and Mr. Swindlehurst apparently gave the whole of his time to its interests, he appeared to work hard and do his best—I know Mr. Mar in connection with the interests of the Company, he was a land agent or surveyor in the Adelphi—I don't remember coming in contact with him, but I have known him very well by name, he was a person upon whom I would have relied—Mr. Walton also had, I believe, a sound practical knowledge of his trade—the first communication made to me as to Queen's Hall estate was on 19th May. 1874, by Mr. Swindlehurst, who was invariably the channel by which communications were made to me on behalf of the Company—I should have been surprised if I had received communications from anybody else

—the letter of 20th May was the next thing brought to my attention—I had nothing to do with preparing that letter, that was the first I knew of it—I drew the memorandum of agreement of 23rd May—the wording is mine, I did not receive any directions as to the wording from Mr. Swindlehurst—the deposit money to be paid was 3,600l. or 32,000l. at 10 per cent. on the 4,000l. premium which Kelly was to receive for profit, so that the deposit of 3,200l. had to be increased to 3,600l.—I went to Mr. Driver's with Mr. Saffery—it was openly discussed that Saffery was making over whatever was his supposed interest in the Artizans' Dwellings Company, and that All Souls' College was to convey direct to the Artizans' Dwellings Company—I signed as representing the Artizans' Dwellings Company—there was no concealment—although Saffery had negotiated with Mr. Driver it was I who paid the 3,200l.—there was no concealment about that—I was aware that Saffery had been the agent, and that he was standing out and letting me deal with Driver—there was no concealment about it—I had nothing to do with the negotiation between Saffery and Kellys as to that premium; but when I saw them at Driver's I knew that they were to obtain a premium, 4,000l.—the auction was on 14th April—I knew they were going there to give up the purchase, but the consideration for doing so I did not know till 23rd May—I believe I gave the deposit direct to Kelly—I passed the 3,600l. cheque through my bankers—they received the money from the Company's bankers, crediting it to my account, and I drawing a fresh cheque—obtaining lot 2 was always necessary to the beneficial holding of lots 3, 4, and 5—lot I was an advantageous purchase in the sense of rendering the rest more valuable—I received first 3,600l. deposit, and afterwards a cheque for 11,912l., out of which I paid 9,312l. to Mr. Saffery—everything I received went into the general account, mixed up with my other money, and for a certain time lay to my credit in my bankers' hands under my control, so that I could have drawn it out—I believe Swindlehurst told me the manner in which the cheque for 9,312l. was to be cashed; but I should not like to swear whether it was he or Saffery—I cannot remember telling the board that Saffery was receiving money for his interest in the re-sale; my belief is that they were aware of it, or else I should have considered it my duty to tell them—I had no desire to keep it from them, and I had every reason to believe they all knew it; the cheques were drawn for separate amounts—this (produced) is an agreement between Mr. Driver and Messrs. Kelly, by which Messrs. Kelly gave up lot 2 for a consideration of 10l., which is a nominal sum—the next agreement was on 23rd May also, by which the price of 4,000l. was to be paid by me to Messrs. Kelly—that arrangement had been made by Saffery, and that agreement would make a valid and binding contract between the parties—my counsel drew this release of 7th August, 1874 (Read), that is a formal release, and it is executed by Messrs. Kelly and Saffery—the next is a conveyance executed between the College and the Company, and the next is between Messrs. Kelly, Saffery, the College, and the Company, dated 18th November—that deed belongs to the Company, that forms their title deed, any of the directors would see what was the transaction carried out—that was prepared by me—if money was raised upon that, that would appear to the solicitor for the mortgagees—I conveyed lots 1 and 2 separately in February—the word "agreed" is left out of the deed of 30th October by which Saffery conveys lot 1—in

relation to lot I there was no concealment that Mr. Saffery was obtaining the 2,000l. advance—I am doing business for the Company now, and am aware that they have taken several proceedings to recover the sums alleged to have been received by the defendants.

Cross-examined by MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE. I have no retainer or salary from the Company—I am only paid in the way of costs—I have my own fees—I have attended some board meetings; not most of them; but only when I had notice to attend—no other legal gentleman was consulted—I was their only adviser on all questions connected with law—I took it for granted that Mr. Saffery was to gain more or less by the transaction—if he took exorbitant profits it was my duty to call the attention of the Company to the fact if I knew it—I never asked a question of the directors about that, nor did any of them speak to me on the subject—I mean to represent to the jury, that no communication passed between me and my client on the subject—the question of amount had nothing to do with me—I do not advise the Company as to the price they are to pay, and I never thought it necessary to inquire—I did not know, but I have since ascertained that a gentleman named Spence originally introduced the whole affair to Saffery—I think Mr. Swindle hurst mentioned Spence with reference to Shaftesbury Park—I cannot say whether his name was mentioned in relation to Queen's Park—I knew Spence was being sued—a large portion of the Queen's Park property has been built over since its purchase by the Company, as much as 900 houses, they are also occupied very quickly—I think it is a very valuable property.

Re-examined. I believe the proceedings were taken by the committee of investigation; the prosecution is by the Treasury; it has nothing to do with the Company—I should call Spence a general agent—I have known him personally—I never asked Saffery what he was getting, and he did not tell me—I first heard that he was obtaining 2,000l. when the contract was signed—my attention had been directed to the fact that the cheque was for 800l., and not for 1,000l.—I left for the Continent on 9th August, and returned home on 1st or 2nd September—when I said that there was no concealment I meant that the amount appeared on the contract with Driver—by my pass-book the cheque for 9,312l. was paid into my bank on 13th July, 1874; my balance was then 650l., and 2,000l. was paid in at the same time—nothing was paid in to swell my balance between the time when the 11,000l. was paid in and the 9,000l. was paid out—turning to the other cheques, 3,200l. first, and 800l. afterwards, it appears that the sum paid out came from the money which was paid in before—as to the deed of 1st August, I received the information embodied in it principally from the document which had been signed—I do not think it was drawn by counsel—both Saffery and the solicitor told me that there was a contract between Kelly and Saffery—the same answer applies to the recital between the Kellys and Saffery.

Wednesday, 24th October, 1877.

CHARLES TAYLOR . I am cashier to the Artizans' Dwellings Company, and have been between five and six years in their service—I produce the minute book—Mr. Swindlehurst was the secretary and manager, and Dr. Langley was the chairman—the minute containing Langley's appointment as a director is dated March 17th, 1870—he was appointed chairman at the same time—Mr. Lowe was appointed a director at the first hoard

meeting in January, 1867—the minutes are in Mr. Swindlehurst's writing—the minute relating to Lowe is dated March 12th—I have the minute of May 7th, 1874, relating to the Harrow Park estate—it is signed by Mr. Armstrong and Mr. Walton.—who was acting as chairman—the directors present were Messrs. Hoskins, Lowe, Russell, and Mr. Alfred Walton in the chair—the minute relates to the valuation of the Westbourne Park estate and purchase of 63 acres of land, and is signed by James Marr—there was a board meeting on 3rd June, when Dr. Langley was in the chair, and Messrs. Lowe, Hoskins, and Russell were also present—the minute is signed by J. Baxter Langley—(This minute stated that the Harrow Park estate had been purchased)—there was a further meeting on 4th August, 1874, at which Messrs. Lowe, Hoskins, Baffle, Walton, and Langley were present, Mr. Walton in the chair—(The minute being read referred to a letter from Savory Brothers, stating that if some land which was the most valuable to the Company was not purchased at once it would be sold, the price being 10,000l., and instructing the secretary to purchase)—this minute is signed J. Baxter Langley—the next meeting was on September 3rd; Mr. Hoskins and Mr. Raffle were present, and Mr. Langley in the chair—(The minutes of this meeting related to a plot of land called the Harrow Road estate)—there are—no minutes relating to the receipt by Swindlehurst of 5,500l. on 18th June, 1874, or on any other day, or by Langley of 500l., or by Mr. Lowe in July, 1874, or of 200l. by Langley in October, 1874, or of 600l. by Swindlehurst, or on any other day—the Company's bankers were the National Bank at Charing Cross—these are the Company's cheque books—this cheque of 20th May, 1874, for 3,200l., is Mr. Swindlehurst's writing—it is also signed by the directors, Walton and Hoskins, and countersigned by Swindlehurst—there is also a cheque in favour of C. N. Longcroft for 600l.; 400l. for the Queen's Park estate, and 200l. on account of his costs—that is signed in the same way—I produce Mr. Longcroft's receipts—I produce a cheque, No. 91,112. dated 13th July, 1874, and another dated 24th July, for 1,000l., also in Swindlehurst's writing, in favour of Mr. Longcroft, also a cheque dated 13th August, 1874, for 800l., in Mr. Wood's writing—these cheques are signed by Mr. Lowe and Mr. Hoskins, and countersigned by Swindlehurst—the cheque of 25th September, 1874, for 2,200l., is signed and countersigned by the same persons, and also the cheque of 29th October, for 2,000l., which was drawn by Mr. Longcroft—I have not searched the books to see if there are minutes authorising these payments, but I will do so—there are minutes authorising the drawing of cheques—Mr. Lowe, and afterwards Mr. Lowe and Mr. Botley, were the finance committee—they acted for about six months together, and Mr. Lowe alone for about eighteen months, or perhaps two years—Mr. Swindlehurst's salary was 500l. a year—the directors had no fixed salary—they had a guinea for attendance, and whatever the shareholders passed fit their meeting.

Cross-examined by SIR. HENRY JAMES. I became cashier at the end of 1874—Swindleburst generally drew the cheques—they were drawn and signed in blank, and then I made an entry—the cheques were drawn for the estate, just the same as for other matters—there was no difference—there was no concealment—every cheque was signed by the secretary—a number of cheques were paid weekly—an account was kept of the sums paid—I recorded it.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. I have not the share register—audits took place by the finance committee, and there was also an annual audit—the auditors were Messrs. Pearce, Figgins, and Dawson Burns—Messrs. Chadwick, James, and Co. were auditors for two years.

Re-examined. The entire cheque book is signed in blank by the directors, Mr. Walton and Mr. Lowe, or Mr. Hoskins and Mr. Lowe.

JOHN PARKINSON FINCH . I am a professional gentleman practising at Barnstaple—I served Mr. Savory with a notice to produce; I think it was 1 3th October, of which this is a copy.

WILLIAM HENRY LOWNDES . I am a clerk in the Western Branch of the Bank of England, where Mr. Longcroft keeps an account—I have an entry of a cheque of his being cashed in 1874 for 9,312l., but I have not the books—I will fetch them.

CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS . I am a clerk in the cancelled bank note office of the Bank of England—I produce five Bank of England notes for 1,000l. dated 10th August, 1873, numbered 11785 to 11789, 11789 is endorsed "Swindlehurst," I cannot tell when—I also produce seven 500l. notes, dated 14th November, 1873, numbered from 14522 to 14526, and 32517 and 32515—32517 is endorsed Saffery Brothers—I also produce a 200l. note, dated 12th August, 1873, No. 49734—a 300l. note, dated 13th August, No. 26505—thirteen 100l. notes, dated 5th January, 1874, numbered 70101 to 70112, and 64300—and a 10l. note dated 9th April, 1874, numbered 85060 and a 500l. note dated 14th November, 1873—note No. 14523 is endorsed J. S. Lowe, 6, Dartmouth Park Road—it was changed on 27th July, 1874—I also produce eleven 100l. notes dated 5th February, 1874, Nos. 36239 to 36249—and two 500l. notes dated 14th November, 1873, numbered 32517 and 32515.

Cross-examined by Sir Henry James. Nos. 70109 and 70112 bear the name of Spence—"Swindlehurst" is written by somebody else on 14592, and 36218-9 have Spence written on them.

Re-examined. We always ask for the endorsement to be put on the face, that is the custom—these are the only two that I see that are endorsed on the front—(Mr. Longcroft and Mr. Taylor identified the endorsements as Swindlehurst's and Saffery's writing).

EDWARD FOSTER . I am a process server, and served Swindlehurst and Langley on 13th and 15th October for Mr. Lewis.

Cross-examined by Sir Henry James. I was never clerk to Ashurst and Co.—I serve them and about thirty or forty other solicitors as process server—I have probably served them four or five years.

EDWARD MORRIS CONOLLY . I am clerk to the National Bank, King's Cross—Mr. Swindlehurst kept an account at the Charing Cross branch of that bank—I produce the books—on 24th July, 1874, a 1,000l. note numbered 11,789, dated 15th August, 1873, was cashed for Mr. Swindlehurst for a note for 500l. numbered 25514, and notes numbered 71802-3, 72386, and 73953-4—on 27th July notes 72386 and 73953 came back into the account—I produce the paying in slip—on 28th July, 1874, the 500l. note 15422 was paid into Mr. Swindlehurst's current account—it is dated 14th November, 1873—the number is taken from my book—it is endorsed "Swindlehurst" by our cashier—this paying in slip of the same day is in Mr. Swindlehurst's writing—the paying in slips do not contain the numbers—on 18th October four 1,000l. notes were paid into Mr. Swindlehurst's account, Nos. 11785 to 11788—I entered them in the book—I produce the paying in slip.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. These notes were paid in in the usual way, and the numbers taken and entered in the waste book.

ALFRED WILLIAM BISHOP . I am a clerk in the Charing Cross Branch of the National Bank—I produce the books—the following notes were paid into our bank to Mr. Swindlehurst's account—on 13th January, 1875, two 100l. notes, numbered 36,243-4, and dated 5th February; on 6th May, 500l. note 32515, dated 14th November, 1874—I have the paying in slip for the 500l. note, the other is lost.

JOHN ALFRED WOODS . I am clerk in the Metropolitan Bank—the prisoner Langley keeps an account there—on 25th July, 1874, a 500l. note, No. 25514, was changed for him, dated 14th November, 1873, and for four 100l. notes, numbered 73243 to 73245, 73326, dated 5th January, 1874; one 50l. note, 22887, dated 6th February, 1874; two of 20l., one of 5l.;, and 5l. in gold—on 31st October, 1874, we changed for Dr. Langley a 100l. note, No. 36247 dated 5th February, 1874, for three 20l. notes, Nos. 18066 to 18068, dated 7th September, 1874; two of 10l., Nos. 73585-6, dated 9th July, and four 5l. notes, Nos. 87782 to 87785.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. I have been clerk there twelve years—Mr. Langley has banked with us nearly the whole of that time—he was well known to the clerks—his daughter acts as his cashier and book-keeper.

JOHN ALFRED BURGAM . I am manager of the Peckham branch of the London and South-Western Bank, High Street, Peckham—Sarah Ann Roberts kept an account there—I have the books—from the credit waste book I find these amounts were paid in to her account—on 30th July, 1874, 300l., in three notes, Nos. 73245, 71803, and 71802, dated 5th January, 1874; on 31st 300l. in three notes, Nos. 73326 and 73243-4, and dated 6th January, 1874; on 2nd November, 1874, a 100l. note, No. 36246, and dated 5th February, 1874—on 4th August her account was debited with 210l., and on 8th January, 1875, with 230l. paid to Langley—her account was closed on 14th July, 1877.

SARAH ANN ROBERTS . I live at 21, King's Road, Peckham—I am acquainted with the prisoner Langley—this is my pass-book—on 30th July and 1st August, 1874, I paid 300l. in notes into my account, which I received from Dr. Langley as a present—on 4th August, 1874, I drew a cheque to Mr. Langley for 210l., which is destroyed—I do not keep any cheques—on 8th January, 1875, I drew another cheque for 230l., and gave it to Dr. Langley as a present—I did not owe him any money—on 2nd November, 1874, I paid 100l. into my account—I suppose it was received from Langley.

WILLIAM HENRY LOWNDES (re-examined). A cheque was cashed to Mr. Longcroft's account for 9,321l., dated 20th July, 1874, in five 1,000l. notes, Nos. 11785 to 11789 inclusive, dated 15th August, 1873, and five 500l. notes, dated 14th November, 1873, Nos. 14522 to 14526 inclusive, and one 300l., dated 13th August, 1873, No. 26505; one for 200l., dated 12th August, 1873, No. 49734; thirteen 100l. notes, dated 5th January, 1874, Nos. 70101 to 70112 and 64300; and on 13th October, 1874, two 5l-notes, dated 14th November, 1873, and eleven 1l. notes, Nos. 36249-50. dated 5th February, 1874; another cheque was cashed by Mr. Longcroft the same day for 100l.

DANIEL CALLINGTON . I am a solicitor, of 6, Mansfield Street, Portland

Place—I was the solicitor for Mr. Colgrave in the Can Hall property, which consisted of the manor of Can Hall, in the forest of Epping—200 or 300 acres were for sale—the property purchased was 59 acres odd—Saffery came to me in the autumn of 1875, and on 30th December a contract was entered into, and I received 1,000l. deposit in notes from Saffery which I paid into the Joint Stock Bank, Pall Mall—I went to 34, Great George Street to sign the conveyance, and received Mr. Longcroft's cheque—I produce the conveyance—a mortgage was also entered into by the Company for 20,000l. at—4 1/2 percent.—I produce the deed, which is sealed with the Company's seal and witnessed by Langley and Lowe and countersigned by Swindlehurst.

Cross-examined by MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE. I did not know Saffery before this—he came to me in consequence of advertisements and said he was acting for himself—the abstract of title was sent to his solicitors, Messrs. Cheston, of Winchester Buildings, on 22nd January—Mr. Long-croft attended me subsequently, and produced the deeds to Messrs. Cheston, and wrote for him to complete.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. I heard that Saffery had resold, but not till Mr. Longcroft called on me, which was about the time of the letter as to the requisitions of March 22, 1876—the conveyance came from Mr. Longcroft's office, and was approved by me on behalf of the vendor—Saffery was a party to the conveyance—I have sold three-quarters of an acre of this estate at the rate of 1,200l. an acre—I told Mr. Longcroft I had sold some for l,000l. an acre and I had done so—I asked 1,200l.—I do not know that I would not have taken less—I have some left now.

RICHARD THORBURN . I am a clerk to the London Joint Stock Bank, Pall Mall—Messrs. Callington keep an account there—on 30th December, 1875. 1000l. was paid into that account by bank notes, one of 500l., No. 1876. 00729, dated 15th June, one of 300l., No. 98484, dated 13th August, and 1877. one of 200l., No. 77196, dated 4th March.

MONTAGUE EVANS . I am chief cashier of the Charing Cross branch of the National Bank, where the prisoner Swindlehurst kept an account—I produce the deposit account—it shows an amount of 3000l.—this is Mr. Swindlehurst's writing on this deposit, showing the drawing out of 2,000l. on 29th December—I also produce a deposit receipt of 1,000l. for the same date—it was paid in a 500l. note, No. 00729, a 300l. note, No. 98484, and a 200l. note No. 79796—Swindlehurst paid 2,000l. into his current account, and kept 1,000l.

CHARLES TAYLOR (re-examined). I have now examined the books and fail to find any minutes authorising the paying of cheques—I now produce the blank cheque book and also the minute book—the first minute is on 6th January, 1876, when Messrs. Lowe, Raffle, Russell, and Langley were present—this minute, like the rest, is in Swindlehurst'a writing; it is headed Can Hall Estate. (This minute authorised the purchase of 60 acres.) There is another minute of 29th February, when Messrs. Lowe, Raffle, Hoskins, Langley, and Walton were present, Langley being in the chair—the minute is headed "As to land at Stratford. East End." (This authorised the completion of the purchase of land at Stratford.) On March 14th another board meeting was held; Messrs. Lowe, Raffle, Hoskins, and Walton were present, and Dr. Langley in the chair—the minute is headed Can Hall Estate. (This authorised the purchase of land if a reduction of 50l. an acre was made in the price.) There is another minute of April 4th

about the contract with Edward Saffery—there were present Messrs. Lowe, Raffle, Hoskins, Walton, and Mr. Langley in the chair. (This authorised the fixing of the Company's seal to the conveyance.) There is also another minute of May 9th, there being present Messrs. Hoskins, Raffle, Walton, and Mr. Langley in the chair. (This authorised the payment of the purchase money.) I also produce the cheques relating to this Can Hall estate—the first is March 16th, 1876, for 100l., payable to C. N. Long croft, and is signed by Messrs. Walton and Hoskins, and countersigned by Swindlehurst—the next is for 19,000l., dated 22nd March, 1876, and is signed by Messrs. Lowe and Hoskins, and countersigned by the secretary—then there is a cheque on May 11th, 1876, to C. N. Longcroft for 8,000l., signed by Messrs. "Walton and Lowe, and countersigned by the secretary—the counterfoil of the first two cheques shows that it is in respect of the Can Hall estate—all the cheques were on the National Bank, and all were duly honoured—the total price of the Can Hall estate was 48,000l.—there is no entry in the minute books showing the moneys received by Langley, Swindlehurst, or Lowe out of this sum, or in any books of the Company.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. The cheque-book was kept under lock and key under my charge—a book full of cheques were signed in advance by two directors—the payments were entered in the day-book and then in the cash-book—I have not got the correspondence referred to in the minute of 14th March; I will get them—I do not know how the resolution of 9th May came to be passed.

CHARLES NEEDHAM LONGCROFT (re-examined). The Can Hall estate was first brought to my notice on 16th March, 1876—I had previously heard of a correspondence about it—I received a draft contract from Messrs. Cheston, Mr. Saffery's solicitors, on 7th March—the draft would be returned to Messrs. Cheston—I have a copy of it—I also received a letter referring me to Mr. Callington to proceed with the purchase—I saw Swindlehurst about 8th March, and I have no doubt I showed him the contract—the original price is 51,000l., and no mention is made of a deposit of 1,000l. in the original contract—I received a letter from Messrs. Cheston about 10th March, asking for a deposit—I communicated with Mr. Swindlehurst, and in consequence of what passed the draft contract was altered to its present form—the 1,000l. deposit is inserted in red ink in consequence of what passed—the contract was signed on 16th March by Saffery and myself—there is also a counterpart—I do not know who signed that: either Swindlehurst or myself—it was subject to confirmation at the next board meeting, as regards the mode of payment—on the same day I paid Mr. Saffery 1,000l. by this Bank of England cheque crossed "Alliance Bank"—it is endorsed by him—I also saw Swindle hurst that day, and an arrangement was made for my receiving 1,000l., which I think I had advanced for convenience, and my clerk received it the following day, the 17th—the contract between Saffery and Callington was then in my safe—Saffery brought it—Swindlehurst said he had lent Saffery 1,000l. to prevent his negotiating a contract with anybody else, and that Saffery would deposit the contract with me as security—I credited Swindlehurst with the 1,000l.—I produce the account—I saw Saffery on 17th with respect to how the property should be conveyed—as his contract with Callington ought to have been completed on 25th March, and there was not much time, I suggested that there should be one conveyance with

Colgrave and Saffery—I think he said he would see his solicitor—I received the abstract from Saffery's solicitors, Messrs. Cheston—on 21st March I went to the Company's office for the 19,000l.—Swindlehurst was not there—I saw Mr. Saffery and Mr. Cheston that day—I required that Saffery should be a party to the conveyance along with the original vendor—the cheque for 19,000l. was paid by a clerk—on 23rd March, I delivered the requisitions to Messrs. Callington, the solicitors for the vendors, and they and Mr. Saffery saw me on the 24th—Mr. Saffery did not like the conveyance being taken by the two parties at once—he did not care about his client seeing that the person to whom he sold it had sold it for a larger sum, and suggested that the conveyance should be direct to Saffery, and after discussion the matter was referred to Mr. Burrows, a convincing counsel, and it was arranged that the property should be conveyed direct from the vendor to the Company, and that Mr. Saffery should be a contracting party, and that a mortgage of 20,000l. should be executed—I saw Mr. Saffery again on 27th March, and it was arranged that I should prepare a release of his interest in the property in favour of the Company—Mr. Spence called on me on 3rd April—on the 7th I prepared the release on the chance of our not being able to settle it in any other way, but it was not executed—I saw Mr. Callington on 10th April—I afterwards saw Saffery on the subject, and it was arranged that bills should be given for the instalments instead of cash—I do not know whose arrangement that was—I think I consulted Mr. Swindlehurst—I certainly consulted somebody—I had a special meeting with Swindlehurst to arrange how the conveyance should be carried out—I have an entry on 12th April to the effect that I saw Dr. Langley as to the Can Hall estate,' but I do not remember seeing him—I saw him very frequently, and I have letters to that effect—I believe I did not see him on that subject—the cheque for the completion of the purchase was paid on 12th April—it was my cheque, and made payable to Messrs. Callington for 14,158l. 2s. 6d.—on that day I paid Mr. Saffery 9,408l. 15s. by this cheque to his order on the Alliance Bank—I had previously received a cheque from Swindlehurst for 19,000l. to enable me to make this payment—I gave Mr. Saffery an undertaking to obtain from the Company in the course of a few days an acceptance for 8,000l.—I never received the bills for the Company—I have applied to Swindlehurst for them—he said he thought it would be objectionable for bills of the Company to be given, and suggested that I should see Saffery and arrange for immediate payment—Mr. Saffery had applied for the bills two or three times—I communicated that to Swindlehurst—I paid the 8,000l. to Spence, drawing a cheque and sending to the bank for notes as I had done before, and I handed the notes to Spence—that was in consequence of a letter from Saffery requesting me to pay Spence, and requesting my undertaking for the bills—it is usual to pay a large sum in notes and not by cheque, but it depends upon whom we are dealing with—I do not remember Saffery asking me for the notes—I paid the notes two days after—I refused to pay till I had an undertaking—this is the cheque signed by Saffery and produced to me by Spence—it is dated 12th May, 1876—I do not remember if the cheque was paid in anything else than 1,000l. notes—I have no doubt I instructed my clerk about it—until these proceedings commenced I had no knowledge that the deposit put down by Saffery in the first instance had been found by Swindlehurst, or that any portion paid

to Saffery came back into the hands of Langley, Lowe, or Swindlehurst—I have acted as solicitor for Swindlehurst in other matters—I have an ordinary running account with him for investments—on 12th April, 1877, I received from Swindlehurst a 1,000l. note, and paid it into my own bank—it was for specific transactions, and was repaid a month afterwards—I cannot say if it was invested; it was really a loan to me to enable me to make advances—he had interest on it—it was an investment.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. I first heard that Saffery had obtained the agreement of 30th December, 1875, about six weeks before I signed the contract with him, or before 16th March, 1876—I had casually heard of the Can Hall estate twelve months before—I wrote the letter to Swindlehurst of 24th January, 1876—Saffery obtained the contract with Colgrave—the contract was left with me—I have no memorandum when I received it—the agreement was deposited with me as security for 1,000l.—I said Saffery and Swindlehurst were at arm's length, but I did not know why I considered he wanted the contract lodged as security—I dealt in the first instance with Messrs. Cheston, who acted in the usual way for a person selling—I drew the deed of conveyance from Colgrave—it is dated 24th March, and it was executed on 12th April—the original contract price was 51,000l.—it was afterwards reduced to 48,000l., being a reduction of 50l. an acre—I wished the price to appear on the face of the deed—it was left to me—the fact of a premium being paid is recited in the deed—the receipt is put in the usual way—Mr. Callington witnessed it—it was settled by Mr. Burrows—Swindlehurst and Saffery had nothing to do with the arrangement of the deed—the 8,000l. that Saffery was to receive was to be paid by acceptances in two sets of 4,000l.—I do not remember any objection to that being done at that time, but it was said that it would not do the Company any good—when it was proposed that a change should be made from acceptances to cash, a suggestion was made by Swindlehurst that Saffery should make a rebate on account of receiving cash instead of acceptances—Saffery said he would not consent to a rebate unless he had a mortgage, and insisted upon having the whole sum, and he had to be repaid in full—I came into communication with Spence—I do not know who introduced him, or how the money was to be divided—I have tried to obtain some of this land since for myself—I received a letter on 7th of March from Messrs. Callington about it; 1,200l. An acre was asked for it, and it was said that less than 1,000l. would not be entertained—I got it down eventually to 840l. an acre for thirty-two acres after a portion had been taken away—I saw the land several times—I was offering for myself and a client—I wanted to make money by it—I wanted to buy and resell—it is a common thing for people to become middlemen—I was prepared to so act if I succeeded in buying it—people sometimes deal with private individuals at cheaper rates than they do with companies.

Cross-examined by MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE. I never "knew the contents of Saffery's contract—it was left with me for safe custody, but I never looked at it—I might have looked at it—the opinion was, that I was the proper person to hold it—I assume that a larger sum of money was to be obtained for the land, but I did not know it—I acted upon that assumption—it did not occur to me to suggest that there was any impropriety in the Company giving a larger sum—I have been in the profession eight or nine years—if I had known of

the least impropriety I should not have been a party to it—Saffery originally had a partner.

Re-examined. I was not aware of any money being received by tie directors of the Company—I do not know whether the receipt was signed by Saffery on the same day—I never saw Saffery's brother.

WILLIAM HENRY LOWNDES (re-examined). On 13th May, 1876, the cheque signed by Longcroft for 8,000l. was presented for payment and cashed by five 1,000l. notes, 40533 to 40537, dated 15th May, 1875—this is the cashier's book—also four 500l. notes, 20302 to 20305, dated 15th June, 1875; also five 200l. notes, dated 29th January, 1876, Nos. 04512 to 04516.

Cross-examined by SIR. HENRY JAMES. Everything was done in the usual way.

CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS . I produced further cancelled bank notes, five of 1,000 each, Nos. 40533 to 40536—40533 and 40536 bear the name of Saffery, and 40535 the name of Longcroft, 40534 of Roberts, and "21, King's Road, Peckham," on the face of the notes—I do not think No. 40537 has yet been returned to the Bank of England—I also produce four 500l. notes, Nos. 20302 to 20305, 20302 being endorsed Edward Saffery, and the other three J. S. Lowe on the front—I produce five 200l. notes, Nos. 04512 to 04516, dated 29th January, 1876, 04513 to 04516 show that they are paid into the Metropolitan Bank, and 04512 is stamped London and South Western Bank, Brixton.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. Many of the notes are endorsed legibly and conspicuously on the back or face.

CHARLES TAYLOR . The name of J. S. Lowe is written on these notes, Nos. 2303-4-5—I believe it is Mr. Lowe's writing.

SARAH ANN ROBERTS (re-examined). This endorsement for 1,000l. is Dr. Langley's by my order—I went to the Bank of England and cashed it over the counter with another 1,000l. note which I received from Dr, Langley as a gift—Dr. Langley said he owed some money to his hank, and I begged him to take 800l. and go to his own bank, and he went to the Metropolitan Bank and paid it out of the 2,000l.—I paid some debts, and then put the remainder, about 300l., into my own bank—Dr. Langley went there with me.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. I had my gloves on, so I asked Dr. Langley to write my name for me, and I stood by his side while he wrote it.

CHARLES HENRY WELLS . I am a clerk in the Metropolitan Bank, Cornhill. On the 13th May, 1876, 800l. was paid into Dr. Langley's account in four 200l. notes, Nos. 4503 to 4506, dated 29th January—this paying in slip is in Dr. Langley's name—these are the notes—there is an error in my book, the 4513 is there put 4503.

SARAH ANN ROBERTS (re-examined). I donot remember how I received the 2,000l., but I went with Dr. Langley to the Metropolitan Bank, and waited in a small room while he went into the manager's office.

JOHN ALFRED BURGAM (re-examined). This note, No. 04512, dated 29th January, 1876, was paid into Mrs. Roberts's account on 18th May, 1376.

BERNARD RADCLIFFE . I am a clerk of the western branch of the Bank of England. On 12th April, 1877, I received a 1,000l. note dated 15th May, 1875, and No. 40535 to be placed to the credit of Mr. Longcroft—I produce the paying in slip.

CHARLES NEEDHAM LONGCROFT (re-examined). This is the note I received from Swindlehurst.

FREDERICK RITCHIE . I am a cleric in the issue department of the Bank of England—on 13th May, 1876, I changed this bank note in the name of S. A. Roberts—I gave for it fifty 20l. notes—on 18th May I changed three 500l. notes in the name of Lowe, Nos. 20303 to 20305, dated 15th June, 1875, for four 50l. notes, Nos. 50241 to 50244, dated 18th May, 1875, five 100l. notes, Nos. 58646 to 58650, dated 17th May, 1875, and four 200l. notes, Nos. 07119 to 07122, dated 29th January, 1876.

ALFRED DYSON . I am a clerk in the Charing Cross branch of the Union Bank of London—Mr. James Shaw Lowe had an account there—on 28th July, 1874, he paid in two 100l. notes, Nos. 78377 and 78378, dated 5th January, 1874; and on 4th August four 50l. notes, Nos. 14374 to 14377, dated 6th February, 1874; on 18th May, 1876, a 100l. note, No. 58647, and a 200l. note, No. 07119—I do not know what has become of Lowe—I do not know his balance.

ALEXANDER A. WILSON . I am cashier at the London and Westminster Bank, St. James's Square—Mr. Alfred Walton opened a deposit account there in May, 1876, by depositing 600l. in notes, two 200l. notes, Nos. 7121-2, dated 29th January, and two 100l. note's, 58649-50, dated 17th May, and I changed a 50l. note for him, No. 50241, dated 18th May—we do not put the year.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. I gave in exchange for the 50l. note a 45l. note and 5l. in gold—he paid in 50l. about two months ago, making 650l.

ALFRED WALTON . I live at 14, Oberstein Road, New Wandsworth—I was a director of the Company—I saw an envelope in my house some time in May, 1876—it contained two 200l. notes, two 100l. notes, and one 50l. note—on the flap of the envelope was written "A present from a friend"—I do not know the writing—I cashed 50l. at my bank, and deposited 600l. for safety till the owner turned up—I had no knowledge of Swindlehurst receiving any money back from moneys paid over either directly or indirectly, or of any money being paid by Saffery to Swindlehurst.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAMES. I am a builder and architect—I became a director in 1869—the purchase of the Queen's Park estate was very much discussed—I saw the report and inspected the land—we took the same course as to the Shaftesbury Park estate—it is the same in all estates—I brought my experience and judgment to bear on the value of the land, and also the surrounding property—I was a party to the resolution to purchase the Can Hall estate after I had inspected it, and the Queen's Park estate, on condition that the price did not exceed 800l., which was a fair price—the Company are still in possession of the Queen's Park estate—the contract has never been repudiated, and buildings have been erected and roads and drains made—no record is kept of inspections of property—we signed the cheques in advance—I consider the 735l. per acre paid in the Queen's Park estate a cheap bargain for the Company—all our business was brought before the board and done openly—the directors only knew of one vendor, Saffery—I supposed he was employed as a land agent to sell it—I had no communication with Saffery; I did not inquire about him—his letters were read to the board; I heard them—the name of no other principal

than Saffery was ever given to me—I had every confidence in Mr. Longcroft, and the details of the conveyance were carried out by him—I know that a committee of investigation was appointed—the directors applied to go before them to give them information, but were refused and they refused to hear any evidence but what they called themselves—then the information was laid at Bow Street—Mr. Morris asked me to explain about the 600l., and I said if he could prove to whom it belonged, he could have it at seven days' notice—I suppose he represented the investigating committee—I afterwards gave him the deposit money—I know there are men who buy land and then sell it and make large profits; it is not an unusual thing in Tokenhouse Yard for a person to buy an estate and sell it again the same day for 5,000l. or 6,000l. more than he gave for it.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. Langley and Swindlehurst were indefatigable in their exertions and inquiries, and took great interest in the estates at Liverpool, Manchester, and London, and sacrificed a great deal before the Company was in a good financial position—the Cann Hall estate was two or three months under the consideration of the board before it was purchased.

Re-examined. A land or house agent is one who buys and sells household or landed property, or anything of that kind on the committee of investigation being appointed the directors resigned—I do not know where Lowe is—it is a considerable time since I last saw him.

Thursday, 25th October.

JAMES RAFFLE . I live at Albert Cottage, Hornsey—I was a director of this Company from the commencement—I never knew of the defendants receiving money from Saffery—I never received any.

JAMES THORNTON HOSKINS . I live at Brighton—I was four and a half years a director of this Company—I attended nearly all the board meetings—I was not aware that either of the defendants or Lowe received any money from Saffery at any time—it was never reported to the board—I have not received any—I was a director in 1872 when the Shaftesbury Park estate was bought.

Cross-examined by MR. COOPER. I recollect the Cann Hall estate being purchased—I thought the estates were worth the money, and have seen no reason to alter my opinion—they were eligible sites.

CHARLES NEEDHAM LONGCROFT (re-examined). The Shaftesbury Park estate was purchased in the year 1872—Messrs. Lake were solicitors for the original vendors, Colonel Stringer and others—Mr. Saffery took part in the purchase, and made a profit—this is the release of his interest—he was paid 3,000l.

Cross-examined by SIR HENRY JAKES. I believe it was through Saffery's introduction that the estate was bought.

SAMUEL GIBBS (Detective Sergeant). I have endeavoured to find John Shaw Lowe, but have not found him—I hold a warrant for his arrest—I have made inquiries, and to the best of my belief he is out of the country.

JOHN MORRIS . I am the senior partner of Athirst, Morris, and Co.—I was consulted by the committee of investigation, which consisted of the Hon. E. Ashley, who was chairman, Mr. Samuel Morley, the member for Bristol, Mr. Brassey, and several gentlemen of that standing—I asked Mr. Saffery what became of the large sums which ho had received in the

shape of profit upon this purchase—he said there were several persons besides himself interested in it—I pressed him to tell me who they were—he said he could not do that—I pressed him strongly to tell me whether any one connected with the Company, either as officer or shareholder, had received a farthing of it, which he indignantly denied.

Cross-examined by MR. SERJEANT BALLAKTINE. Mr. Saffery did not offer to go before the committee if I would pay his expenses—he said he was going out of town for two or three weeks, but would come to town to give me information if I would pay his expenses—I did not offer to do so, as I thought I had got all the information I could get from him, but I told Mm if I wanted him I would pay his expenses—I had cross-examined him closely—I have not given you the whole of it—he gave me the name of Spence—I did not intend to suppress that name here when examined, but it was a slip—I went to Spence upon Saffery's information—I knew Spence was a partner with Saffery.

Cross-examined by SIR H. JAMES. My conversation with Saffery took place about ten days after the criminal information was laid—I am instructed by a committee of directors, of which Mr. E. Ashley is the chairman, and am now conducting civil proceedings to get the money lack—Mr. Spence is not a party—I don't know—my clerk knows.

By MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE. Mr. Saffery gave me his address at Cookham—I have a note of my conversation with him which I took the same or the next day; probably the next day, in the ordinary course of my business—I cannot tell the precise time—I pledge my oath it was within forty-eight hours—I took it at my office from memory.

Re-examined. My usual course is to take a note of a matter the same or the next day while the matter is fresh in my mind—Mr. Saffery said he was astonished the committee should want any further particulars about the purchase, as it was all perfectly regular and bonafide—I pressed him to tell me some of the details connected with it—he said he had no details, as he had no books of entries of the transactions, as they were of a private nature and beside his ordinary business—he said that the amounts he received were not retained by him, but divided amongst several persons whose names he declined to give—then he said what I have said before about his denying that any officer had received a farthing, and so on—on my pressing him whether he had not some papers or memoranda, and the reason why he had not, he said that there was another person interested with him who took a more active interest in it than he did—I pressed him for his name, and he afterwards gave me the name of Spence—he objected at first to give me his address, but he ultimately did—on my pressing Saffery to see me again he said that he could not do 60 without coining to town specially, and he would not do that unless his expenses were paid—I asked him whether he was going for a long distance—he said he was going to Cookham, near Maidenhead, on the 10th—the civil proceedings were taken some time after the criminal proceedings.

By MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE. This note is my clerk's writing, to whom I dictated it—he is here—all my business is conducted in that way—I do not write—the interview with Saffery took place in the lobby of the House of Commons, where Mr. Saffery came, as I had written for an appointment—I did not tell him I had not much time to spare, or anything

of the kind—I did not walk arm-in-arm with him up and down the lobby.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIS. My nephew, who is my managing clerk saw Mr. Walton; I did not—I saw all the directors previous to the prosecution—I saw Dr. Langley the day Swindlehurst was arrested at the Company's offices, where there was an interview between the directors and the committee—I had no suspicion then of Dr. Langley having received any money—I never asked him for any personal explanation.

SIR HENRY JAMES submitted that there was no evidence of the money being the property of the Company as laid in the indictment, in accordance with the words of the Statute 24 and 25 Vic., cap. 96, and that there was no evidence of "taking and applying" the same. As to the charge of conspiracy, the only evidence was the fact of the receipt of the money after the contracts were entered into, which was not sufficient to support the charge; nor was there any evidence of any false pretence.

MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE and MR. WILLIS urged the same points, and it was further urged by MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE that Saffery could hate no knowledge of the modus operandi of the officers of the Company; all he had done tea simply to avail himself of the opportunity of making a good bargain. Can referred to, "Kingsford v. Merry," 25, Law Journal (Exchequer Cases 166),

MR. BOWEN, referring to "Storey on the Law of Agents" contended that according to the words of the statute, the indictment correctly alleged the money to belong to the Company, and as to the conspiracy, that there was ample evidence to go to the jury that each defendant was cognisant of the other's proceedings, the result of their joint action being to put the money into their own pockets.

THE COURT was of opinion that there was sufficient evidence for the jury us to the conspiracy—the other points, if necessary, could be reserved.

GUILTY. Recommended to mercy by the jury and prosecution. The Attorney General asked for judgment on the conspiracy counts only. SWINDLEHURST— and LANGLEY— Eighteen Months' Imprisonment. SAFFERY— Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

NEW COURT.—Wednesday, October 24th, 1877.

Before Mr. Justice Lush.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-762
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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762. ANNE DOHERTY (33) , Feloniously attempting to set fire to a house, and thereby to kill and murder Patrick Doherty, other counts for setting fire to the dwelling-house of Patrick Doherty, he being therein.

MR. A. B. KELLY conducted the Prosecution; and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE the Defence.

MR. KELLY stated that the prosecutor being the prisoner's husband, he could only be a witness against her upon the first count, and as the evidence was not sufficient to sustain that count he withdrew from the prosecution.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-763
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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763. HENRY LEACH (57) , Feloniously setting fire to the dwelling-house of Thomas Lintott, persons being therein.

MR. FULTON conducted the Prosecution; and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE the Defence.

THOMAS LINTOTT . I lodge at 24, Red Lion Street, and am a packer employed at Covent Garden Market—I occupy the front kitchen with my wife and two children—on 3rd October I left home with my wife, my

children were at school; my wife locked the room, leaving nobody there—she put the key in her pocket—I left her, and went to Covent Garden Market, and about 12.50 she came and told me something—I went home and found the door burst open, and the room in great disorder—the bed was in one place, and the mattress in another, and I could see that there had been a fire; it had been put out—the bed and mattress had been burnt; we had no bedstead—there was very little fire burning when I left, only as much as you could put in your hand, and no gas—the bed was usually rolled up and put in a corner, but on that day it was not rolled up, because we wanted to go out, and it was huddled up in a corner, where a spark could not get to it—when I got back the bed was distributed all over the kitchen, it had been removed out of the corner, and torn to pieces to put the fire out—I also found part of the sheets—the walls are wood, they were not burnt at all, but the floor was burnt close to where the bed was, and under the mantelpiece it was all charred—the prisoner was formerly landlord—I cannot say whether he was then—his sister used to come for the rent—he did not live in the house—I have heard Mm say a great many times that sooner than lose the house through not being able to pay the rent he would burn it, and all the b——people in it—when he gave way to drink he always said so, but not when he was in his sober senses—I went to the fire brigade station, and gave information to the police—the value of my things was 4s. or 5s.

Cross-examined. I heard him threaten so often that I never thought he intended to do it—I believe he rents the house from some person; I do not know who—he told me that he paid 60l. a year from it, but I do not know what profit he makes, or what the other people pay him—I live rent free for seeing to the house—the bed lies flat on the floor.

SARAH TURNER . I occupy the back kitchen of this house in the basement, there are only two rooms down there, mine and Lintott's—on 3rd October I heard the prisoner come down the kitchen stairs—I did not see him, but I heard him speak, and knew his voice—he knocked at Lintott's door two or three times, and I heard him say "Open the b——door"—I heard him burst it open, and he was in the room a quarter of an hour; he then came out and shut the door very violently, and came upstairs—about five minutes after that a child came down to go into the kitchen, and screamed out "Mrs. Turner, our house is on fire"—I then went into lintott's kitchen and saw the bed on fire, near the fireplace, and the flames were blazing very high—the kitchen is rather dark, but it was a fine day, and a person going there would not require a light—I screamed to Mrs. Clark to bring some water, and ran upstairs and called Mr. Eady—after the flames were got down a little I went to the street door, and saw the prisoner walking up and down outside, while the fire was still burning—I said "You wicked old man, you have set the house alight"—he abused me, and said that I did not pay my way—I did not owe him anything—I then went back, and the fire was pretty well got out—I saw shavings and flock burning on the floor, which were from the mattress and bed—I have heard the prisoner say several times that he would burn the——house down, and all that were in it—he was sometimes drunk and sometimes sober when he said that—I do not know what the occasion was, but I believe he got into difficulties—he was not sober on 3rd October, but he was accountable for his actions—he had been drinking the day before.

Cross-examined. He was not walking up and down the pavement when I spoke to him—he was sitting in Mr. Healey's shop while the fire was burning, but Mr. Healey turned him out and locked the door he did not run away.

By the Court. There was just a spark in the grate when the bed was burning, you could not say that it was a fire, it was so very low.

CATHERINE CRASK . I am married, and live at 26, Eagle Street—on 3rd October I was working for Mrs. Turner, and heard the prisoner come downstairs—I know him and know his voice—he went to the door several tunes and said "Open the b——door"—he pushed it and went into the room, and we heard him walk across the floor—he stayed in the room a quarter of an hour, and then I heard him go upstairs, and my attention was then called to smoke coming out of the room, and a little girl came and called out, and I took some pails of water and threw over the fire—the bed was all piled up in a heap by the fireplace and blazing—there was a little fire in the grate but very small, not enough to have caused the bed to catch fire—it was a dead fire, merely a few cinders—the floor was burnt where the bed was, and also part of the fireplace, the wainscoting.

JOHN HEALEY . I am a bootmaker, of 24, Red Lion Street—the prisoner is my landlord—on 3rd October he came into my shop a little before 12 o'clock and stopped there some time until he saw Mr. and Mrs. Lintott go out, and then within a minute he went towards the kitchen, and was absent about a quarter of an hour, and came back and eat down in my shop again, but said nothing till some people passing saw smoke coming from the front kitchen, and I said, "It looks as if the house was on fire, Leach"—he said, "It does"—Lintott's little girl then went through, and came back and halloed out, "Oh, Mr. Leach, the house is on tire"—he said nothing, but sat there till the alarm was given, and then I told him to go out, and I locked my shop door and went down to the kitchen and found the door open and a great smoke and a blaze—I could hardly get in for the smoke, and I told the women to fetch some water—thu mattress and bedding were all piled up against the fireplace, level with the mantelpiece—I soused water over it and turned it over—there was a bundle of wood between the mattress and the floor; not the whole bundle, it was opened and it was burning with the mattress—there was a mass of blaze altogether—the floor was burnt and part of the mantel-piece and the wainscoting—after I put the fixe out I came upstairs and saw Leach standing on the threshold, where some people were accusing him of it, and he said "I mean to burn the b——lot out," and with that he went away—he has been in the habit of drinking on and off all the time I have known him, about eight months—I can't say that he was drunk on this day.

Cross-examined. It was a day "off," but he was suffering from the effects of a day "on"—he certainly understood that the house was on fire—he could see it; he knew what he was about—I was quite friendly with him, the best of friends—my workshop is at the top of the place—if the shop had been burnt I should have been burnt out too—he sat in my shop for about five minutes, till the fire was found out—he had not said anything to me about going to search for anything before he went down into the kitchen—he said nothing about going to search for a waistcoat or a purse—he had no candle with him or any wood—I believe the owner

of the house is a lady in Jersey, according to "what the prisoner has told me he rents the house from her agent, who collects the rents—I believe be pays 60l. a year, besides rates and taxes—I suppose the house brings in about 150l.

JOHN HOOPER (Policeman E 223). On the evening of 3rd October, about 5.30, I took the prisoner into custody—he was perfectly sober—I told him it was for setting fire to a bed at 24, Red Lion Street—he said that he had done it, but accidentally, that he had missed a purse and something else the day before, and he went to look for it, and accidentally dropped a match on the bed.

Cross-examined. He was searched at the station, nothing was found on him but two or three coppers and an old knife, no matches.

THOMAS LINTOTT (re-examined). I was at home the day before—the prisoner did not come to my room that day—I never heard of his having lost a purse—he had not been in my place for six or seven weeks—I had a bundle of wood on the hob in the kitchen to dry—when I went in again it was gone from there and was partly burnt under the bed.

MRS. LINTOTT. I was at home the day before the fire—the prisoner was not in the kitchen that day, I am quite sure—I did not hear of his having lost a purse.

GUILTY Five Tears' Penal Servitude.

FOURTH COURT.—Wednesday, October 24th, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-764
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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764. PETER JOHN BARLOW (68), and ISABELLA HARPER (47), PLEADED GUILTY to forging and uttering a transfer of a share and interest in the Bank of England annuities, standing in the name of. Hannah Barlow, with intent to defraud— One Week's Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-765
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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765. WILLIAM DREW (40) [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image] , to endorsing an order for payment of money with intent to defraud— Four Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-766
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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766. ELIZA JONES (56) , Forging an order for the payment of 4l. lbs. with intent to defraud.

MR. RAVEN conducted the Prosecution; and MR. KEITH FRITH the Defence.

MARY ANN SMITH . I live at 28, Rutland Street—I am the wife of Charles Smith—about last Saturday month the prisoner came into our shop and said, "Will you sign the name of Mary Ann White for me on the back of this cheque, as I cannot write?"—I did so—that is the cheque (produced), and that is my writing—she was a customer.

Cross-examined. My husband saw her afterwards—she lived in the same street—she was in the shop about five minutes.

PETER HIGHTMAN . I live at 20. Christian Street, and am a publican—on 3rd August prisoner came and asked me to cash this check for her—she did not say how she got it—she said it belonged to a woman she was housekeeping for—I do not remember her giving any name—the second name on the back is mine—the endorsement, "Mary Ann White," was on it when I cashed it.

Cross-examined. I knew her before—she lived in the same street and was a customer—she was in my service some years ago.

MARY ANN WHITE . I lived at 8, North-East Passage, before the time in question—I came out of prison on the last day of August, and asked the prisoner if a letter had been for me, and she said "Yes"—I asked her

if my money had come, and she said "Yes, I opened your letters and have drawn your money"—I had given her no authority to do so—I had told her to mind my place till I came out of prison, for which I would pay her—the writing on the cheque, Mary Ann White, is not mine.

Cross-examined. I was in prison for a month for being tipsy—nothing more—it was not for assaulting the police—I told the prisoner if there was not sufficient in the house she could pawn my things to keep herself—I sent her the message—I came out on the Friday, the last day of August—she came to meet me—she said she had spent 2l. 10s. for counsel for her son—she gave me 10s. out of the money—I did not give the prisoner into custody at once because I was waiting to see Mrs. Smith—I know this son of hers, "Bob"—I have slept with him but never lived with him—I felt no interest in him—I would have had him locked up.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-767
VerdictGuilty > unknown; Guilty > with recommendation

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767. GEORGE TILKE, CHARLES BROOKS , and FREDERICK JOHN PRIOR , Unlawfully conspiring by false pretences to cheat and defraud the Metropolitan District Railway Company.

MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS and CHARLES MATHEWS conducted the Prosecution; and MR. PURCELL the Defence.

WILLIAM EDWARD SOAK . I live at 5, Wyndham Villas, Acton, and am assistant clerk in the accountant's office of the Metropolitan District Railway at Westminster—I am thoroughly conversant with the practice as regards issuing tickets on the Metropolitan Railway—the ticket collectors are stationed at each of the stations for the purpose of collecting tickets, which it is their duty to put into a bag provided for the purpose, and return the bag by train at distances of three to four hours to the ticket department, Blackfriars—trains of the Metropolitan Railway run on the Metropolitan District Railway, and trains of the London and North-Western Railway—the tickets are sorted into stations at the chief ticket office, Blackfriars, and checked by the returns from the stations, in order to see that they are properly accounted for—they are kept for three weeks, after which it is the practice to destroy them—the practice is the same with the Metropolitan tickets—the practice is different with regard to the mixed tickets issued by the Great Western Railway and the London and North-Western Railway—in the case of the latter it is the practice, after having examined them at our office, to forward them to the Railway Clearance House month by month—with the Great Western it is also the same practice, with a few exceptions, those exceptions being tickets issued from Addison Road, Uxbridge Road, Latimer Road, Notting Hill, Westbourne Park, and Bishop's Road, which tickets are dealt with in the same way as those of the Metropolitan and Metropolitan District tickets.

CHARLES HENRY FINCH . I am a ticket examiner stationed at Gloucester Road station, employed jointly by the Metropolitan and Metropolitan District Railway Companies—in the course of my duties my attention was called to Tilke at the end of June at the Gloucester Road station, and I consequently watched him day by day—I have a book in which I entered the times at which I saw him, and the places, day by day—he was travelling by the Metropolitan Railway—it would be within my duty to examine the ticket with which he was travelling—I have the book (produced)—I have an entry in his

of the 30th June, when Tilke arrived at Gloucester Road with a second-class ticket from Uxbridge Road, by the 9.50 a.m. train—it was a Hammersmith train, and would not stop at Uxbridge Road; it goes a different way—on July 3rd he arrived by the 9.31 North-Western train with a ticket from Uxbridge Road to South Kensington—that stops at Uxbridge Road—I am not sure whether it was a return ticket—on the same day he returned by the 9.55 train with a half ticket from Sloane Square to Hammersmith—it was the forward half—he delivered it up at the station—he travelled third class—the fare between Gloucester Road and Earl's Court is, single ticket, 1 1/2 d., and return 2 1/2 d.—the third single from Sloane Square to Hammersmith is 3d., return 4 1/2 d.—I did not see Tilke any more on the 3rd—the next date is the 5th July, when he arrived by the 11.50 train from West Kensington (late North End) to Gloucester Road—I am not sure what ticket he had—he returned by the 12.17 with a forward half from Victoria to Earl's Court, getting into a train again at Gloucester Road—the fare between Victoria and Earl's Court is single 3d., and return 4 1/2 d.—the next occasion was the 6th July, when he arrived at Gloucester Road by the 11l. London and North-Western train, giving up a ticket from Uxbridge Road to Gloucester Road, a forward half, and returned by the 11.38, forward half, from Charing Cross to Earl's Court—the fare between those stations and is 4d. single, and 6d. return—on the 7th July he arrived by the 10.17, with" a proper ticket that day, and returned by the 11.4 Sloane Square to Earl's Court, backward half—the next occasion was July 9th, when he arrived by the 10.50—he had no ticket, and I charged him the third-class fare from Earl's Court, 1 1/2 d.—I next saw him on the 10th, by the 11.50 North End to Gloucester Road, Hammersmith train, which was the right one—he returned with an ordinary parliamentary ticket from Gloucester Road to Earl's Court—the next occasion was July 11th, when I saw him get out of a second-class carriage, walk up the platform into a third, and go on towards the Mansion House—on the 12th he came by the 11.50 with a Hammersmith ticket to Gloucester Road, forward half—he did not use the return half that day—it would be only available for one day—on the 13th I saw him arrive with a single ticket from Westbourne Park to South Kensington, by a London and North-Western train—those trains do not call at West-bourne Park—the fare is the same between Westbourne Park and Gloucester Road as between Westbourne Park and South Kensington, id. single and 6d. return—on the 14th July he arrived at 10.8, by the Richmond train, with the first or forward half of a return ticket from Uxbridge Road to Gloucester Road—the Richmond trains neither pass through nor stop at Uxbridge Road—he returned at 10.25 with a single ticket from Gloucester Road to Earl's Court, so that he did not use the second or backward half of the ticket he had used early in the day—the same day he arrived a second time at Gloucester Road with a single ticket from South Kensington to Earl's Court at 12.45, which ticket was cancelled at South Kensington—he was travelling towards Earl's Court—on the 17th July he arrived at Gloucester Road by the 12.17 train with a proper single ticket—I saw him return that day at 12.47, and he came down the ordinary exit staircase—he did not go to the booking office; he could not get to it that way—he passed straight to the platform without showing his ticket to any inspector—I did not see what ticket he had in his possession at that time—on the 18th July I saw him arrive by

the 12.1 train with the first half of a ticket from Uxbridge Road to Gloucester Road—the return half he didn't use that day—on the 19th July he arrived by the 11.47 Groat Western train, with the first half of a return ticket from Hammersmith to Gloucester Road—the Great Western trains do not pass through or stop at Hammersmith—at 12.3 he returned with a ticket from South Kensington to West Kensington—he entered the train at Gloucester Road, and did not use on that day the return half of the ticket he had used in the morning from Hammersmith to Gloucester Road—the third-class fare from South Kensington to West Kensington is 2d. single and 3d. return—the third return from Hammersmith to Gloucester Road is 3d. and 2d. single—going to the 24th July, he arrived at 9 47 a.m. at Gloucester Road, by a Great Western train, with the first half of a return ticket, Hammersmith to Gloucester Road, which ticket was cancelled at Hammersmith—he was not seen to use the return half—the same day he arrived at Gloucester Road by the 11.29 Hammersmith train with the forward half of a return ticket, Hammersmith to Gloucester Road, cancelled at Hammersmith—I am not sure whether he used the return half—he returned that day by the 12.34—on the 25th July he arrived at Gloucester Road by the 10.38 a.m. Richmond train, with the first half of a return ticket from Kentish Town to Gloucester Road—the Richmond trains do not start from Kentish Town, and the return half he did not use—the third-class fare would be, return 8d., single 5d.—on the 28th July he returned by the 11.10 train, Gloucester Road to Earl's Court, backward half, cancelled, not having used the first half—he did not arrive that day—during the entire month of July, down to the 11th August, I continued to watch him, during which time he was generally travelling with tickets which passed beyond the stations at which he alighted—he never returned with the corresponding half of the tickets, but with tickets taken at a station before that at which he entered the train.

Cross-examined. I am ticket-examiner at the Gloucester Road station—my hours are from 8 a.m. till 8 a.m.—I go off an hour to dinner—I occasionally hand over my work to some one to assist me—I am supposed to only receive half the trains throughout the day—the Richmond trains do not pass Kentish Town, but it would be possible for a person to get out, and for some purpose of his own take the next train that came up, that train having come from another quarter—he would not be allowed to go out of the intermediate station—he might have come from Kentish Town though he arrived at Gloucester Road in the Richmond train—that could happen at Earl's Court and at the branch stations, but not on the main line from South Kensington to the Mansion House—Richmond trains go to the Mansion House, and he could arrive there though he came from the Edgware Road—it is possible to take a ticket at Kentish Town and travel up to Earl's Court, and then get into another train and arrive at Gloucester Road, not Uxbridge Road—it is not a privilege at some stations to come in by the exit door—it depends on circumstances whether a passenger can say, "I am coming back presently," and not be required to give up his ticket.

Re-examined. The rules and directions are that no passenger is to go away from the station without delivering up his ticket, and that is universally followed—I find it very seldom that a person alights at any station and waits for the next train.

GEORGE BLYTH . I am a ticket-collector at Gloucester Road, in the service of the Metropolitan District Railway Company, and was on duty on the 17th July last, when my attention was called to Tilke, who entered the station by the usual exit and passed direct to the platform without showing his ticket to a collector—I followed him on to the Hammersmith platform, and asked to see his ticket, which he showed me—it was a return half from Sloane Square to Earl's Court already cancelled—it should be cancelled at Sloane Square, that is snipping it—the wrong half might be cut by mistake—I cannot say what it would convey to my mind—I examined his ticket and gave it to him back—when I went back I made a communication to Osborne—Finch had drawn my attention to him—on the 30th I again saw Tilke at Gloucester Road, when he arrived by the 11.38 train with the first half of a return ticket from Hammersmith to Gloucester Road—I did not see the return half of the. ticket on that day—on the 31st July he arrived by the 1.1 North-Western train, and gave me a ticket from Hammersmith to Gloucester Road, first half—I did not see him use the return half—on the 30th August something similar happened—I have seen him frequently at Gloucester Road, and have had my attention called to irregularities connected with him.

Cross-examined. I have seen him at the station in his butcher's clothes—the clipper may in a hurry clip the wrong half of a ticket—it does not happen very often.

JAMES HICKS OSBORNE . I am inquiry inspector in the service of the Metropolitan District Railway Company—on the 17th July from informa tion that came to me I watched Tilke, who is employed by Mr. Scarlett, a butcher, of the Earl's Court Road, from his master's shop about 12.5—he was carrying some meat in a butcher's tray—when he arrived at Earl's Court Brooks was the collector on duty—Tilke went up to him and put his tray down on the desk alongside of him, and entered into conversation with him—I could not hear what was said, but I was sufficiently near to see Brooks and to be seen by him—I am known to Brooks—I saw him look towards me, and make signs with his eyes to Tilke, and saw his lips moving, though I could not hear what was said—Tilke became confused directly, and rushed from Brooks towards where I was standing, passed me, and went to the urinal—I could see a small paper parcel in one of his hands as he passed me—he first went inside the door of the urinal, but was not there long enough for any necessary purpose, and returned again immediately, again going past me, still carrying the parcel—the tray had in the meantime remained on the table—he again went to Brooks and passed him, and went outside the station out of my sight for Half a minute, or perhaps a minute, and returned again—I could not see the parcel then—he had had some private conversation with Brooks—from there he went to the booking-office and threw down a penny and asked for a ticket to Gloucester Road—the ordinary fare is 1 1/2 d., but the parliamentary 1d.—he passed on to the platform with that ticket, and I followed him—I saw him get into the train, and I got into the same—I travelled to Gloucester Road and got out, and saw him do so—I followed him—he passed out of the station, giving up the ticket he had taken at Earl's Court—he went to a house in Queen's Gate and delivered some meat there and returned—I still followed him to the Gloucester Road station—he entered by the exit without going to the booking-office or passing any ticket-collector, and went straight on to the Hammersmith platform

—I spoke to Blyth, who had spoken to Kim, he told me—Blyth made a communication to me—Tilke went by the next train, and I went by the same—we alighted at Earl's Court, and I followed him upstairs—Brooks was still the collector—Tilke appeared to give him a ticket in the ordinary way—it would be the ordinary duty of Brooks to collect a ticket from a passenger going away—he should allow no one to pass without—Gloucester Road is next to Earl's Court—a person going east, finding himself at Earl's Court, might get out there—tickets are frequently given up short of their destination.

Cross-examined. A great many passengers take tickets to places to which they do not actually go—they may have appointments made, and get out at particular platforms, and those cases may happen—the paper parcel Tilke had may have been meat—I don't think he knew me; he knew Brooks—he walked sharply; people usually do walk sharply at railway stations—Earl's Court Gardens is close to the railway station—when Tilke went out of the station with the paper parcel he was not away long enough to go to Earl's Court Gardens—he was gone long enough to get rid of the parcel.

JAMES JOHN PATTERSON . I live at 32, Palace Road, Lambeth, and am a pensioned police sergeant—in July I was employed by the prosecuting company, and on the 19th I watched Tilke and saw him leave his employer's shop at about 11am. and go to Earl's Court—he carried a basket in his hand, in which there was a paper parcel—Brooks was acting as collector at the station—I saw Tilke put his basket down near where Brooks was standing—I remained at the door and watched them—neither of them knew me—I saw Tilke go from Brooks to the urinal, and come out in a short time and return to where his basket was—I then passed into the station and asked for a ticket for Gloucester Road—while standing at the ticket office people were intervening between me and the defendants Tilke and Brooks, so that I could not see exactly what passed, but I saw a mutual morion of the arms as though something was passing from one to the other—Tilke left the station—I passed on to the platform to Brooks with my ticket to examine and nip, and went to Gloucester Road and remained there on the platform—by the next train arriving at Gloucester Road Tilke came and gave something, presumably a ticket, to examiner Finch—I followed him to a house in Queen's Gate, and returned after him to Gloucester Road—when nearly opposite the station he took a green ticket from his pocket and looked at it—he then went into the station at Gloucester Road and gave a ticket to Finch, who nipped it and allowed him to go on the platform—he took no ticket at the booking office of either station, I am certain—he came by the following train—I am certain on the return journey he took no ticket at Gloucester Road—I thought the green ticket was a return ticket—I saw one of the edges was rough—I got into the train which he did, which took us back to Earl's Court—I followed him up the steps and saw him give up a ticket and leave the station—on the 20th July I again watched him. when he left his master's shop with his basket as before and went to Earl's Court station—Brooks was again the collector—he again placed his basket on the table and he and Brooks leant over it—I then saw Brooks standing a little way off' him—he had a leathern bag in his hand such as ticket collectors use for putting collected tickets into—he took some out, looked at them, and returned them—Brooks looked up

and saw me watching him and put down the bag and went to the head of the stairs—Tilke was then standing at the door—I went by the train and waited at the Gloucester Road station some time and saw him come and go to a house in Queen's Gate—then I gave up watching for that day—on the 24th July I again watched him and saw him leave the same place with the same basket and go to the same station—Prior was on duty at that time—Tilke held his basket under his arm when he got to the station—he went near to Prior, and Prior gave him a ticket or tickets—I was standing at the window of the booking-office some few paces off and saw the tickets pass—to the best of my belief there were two tickets—they might have spoken, but I was too far off to hear what they said—Tilke passed to the platform without going to the booking-office to get a ticket—I followed him down and went in the same train as he did to Gloucester Road, where he appeared to give up a ticket—he passed something to a collector—I followed him to the house in Queen's Gate, but saw him no more that day—on the 26th July I again watched him—Prior was on duty, and Tilke passed direct to the platform without taking a ticket, and at Gloucester Road he gave up what was presumably a ticket which I had never seen him take—I watched him to Queen's Gate and he returned to Gloucester Road—he passed to the Hammersmith platform without going to the booking office—he travelled back to Earl's Court and gave up a ticket—neither going nor returning did he take a ticket—on the 27th July I again we watched him, and exactly the same thing occurred—Prior was collector that day—on the 28th July he was again collector—Tilke arrived at the Earl's Court station—I saw Prior go to his ticket table and remove a newspaper, under which there were two tickets—he removed one and took it to Tilke on the platform without going to the booking office—I went to Gloucester Road with the object of watching Tilke again—he did not get out at Gloucester Road that day, but I believe went on to South Kensington—I watched him return from the direction of Queen's Gate—he went to Gloucester Road, I following him—I don't know whether be showed a ticket at Earl's Court—he made a motion to Prior—at Gloucester Road he showed a ticket to Finch and passed on to the platform without going to the booking office—I watched him back to Earl's Court—I followed him from the station to a public-house, where he remained a few minutes, and left—directly he had left Prior arrived and went into the public-house, and after a short time came and looked out of the door as though looking for some one—he then went in and remained.

Cross-examined. When I watched Tilke I went to the place of business, Mr. Scarlett's—I never lost sight of him—his taking a ticket was the exception—I don't recollect any other occasion than I have given—on that occasion I saw him speaking to Brooks, and then he left the station—I went in the train and he followed by the next—he might have taken a ticket in the interval, and if so it would be necessary for him to take one on his return journey—sometimes there is a good deal of traffic at Earl's Court, and sometimes it is quite clear—he could not have obtained a ticket except on the one occasion without my seeing him—I have seen him carrying meat in the ordinary course of business and deliver it at the house in Queen's Gate.

Re-examined. I was instructed to watch.

GUILTY . TILKE received a good character and was recommended to mercy by the Company as being the instrument of the Collectors.— Six Months' imprisonment each.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-768
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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768. ALFRED LEVYSON (19) , Forging an acceptance of a bill of exchange for 17l. 5s. 6d. with intent to defraud; also for obtaining from Henry Ashway forty yards of cloth with intent to defraud.

MR. HUMPHREYS for the Prosecution offered no evidence NOT GUILTY .

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-769
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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769. SAMUEL JACOBI (44) , Obtaining by false pretences from Arthur Gye an order for the delivery of 576 bottles of wine, with intent to defraud.

The Prosecutor did not appear NOT GUILTY .

NEW COURT.—Thursday, October 25th, 1877.

Before Mr. Justice Lush.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-770
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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770. HENRY BARBER (30) PLEADED GUILTY to feloniously killing and slaying William Jackson.

He received a good character.—Six Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-771
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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771. EDWARD BEALE (18) , Feloniously cutting and wounding William Taylor with intent to murder him. The prisoner having said in the hearing of the jury that he was guilty of unlawfully wounding, they found that verdict.— Three Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-772
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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772. JOHN SALE (27) , Feloniously cutting and wounding Eliza Tripp with intent to murder her.

MR. FULTON conducted the Prosecution.

ANN ELIZABETH COOPER . I am a widow, and occupy the front top room at 15, St. Helena Place, Clerkenwell—the prisoner occupied the back room on the same floor with Eliza Tripp—they were cohabiting as man and wife—on the morning of 11th September I was awoke between three and four o'clock by a noise in their room, and heard the woman say "You are killing me, Jack, don't hit me again"—I went to the door, knocked three times, and called to him to leave the girl alone, but no one answered—a policeman then came up and knocked at the door two or three times—there was no answer—the woman cried for help, and said, "You are killing me," and he burst the door open—I heard the word "murder" in a female voice, and the prosecutrix, entirely naked, ran under the policeman's arms into my room—she was covered with blood, and I saw a wound in her throat—I remained in the room about half an hour, and she was bleeding more or less the whole of that time—a doctor was fetched, and came directly—she was removed into her own room, where the prisoner was getting ready to go away with the constable, but he only remained a few minutes.

CHARLES SHADDOCK (Policeman G 165). About 8.15 in the morning I heard cries of murder and police in a female's voice; went up to the top floor of the house and heard blows, and a female crying, "Jack, don't kill me"—the door was locked, and I forced it open with my truncheon, and saw the prisoner, with a female laid across two chairs in front of the fireplace holding her by the throat with both hands—I pulled him off of her, and then saw that she had a wound in her throat—she was naked, and covered with blood—she rushed into the next room, saying in the prisoner's presence that he had cut her throat with a knife—he made no

reply—I took him in custody—he said "All right, I have done it now, I will go quietly with you"—164 G came upstairs—I gave the prisoner into his charge, and sent for a surgeon—the prisoner and prosecutrix were both sober.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. She had not hold of you by your hair—you did say "I have done it, now I am satisfied."

ROBERT BOULTBEE (Policeman G 164). On 11th September about a quarter to four o'clock I was called to the prisoner's room, and found it all over blood—the prosecutrix was in the next room—I took the prisoner to the station, and on the way he said, "I have made a pretty job of it now, but she aggravated me to it. I came home at 11 o'clock, and she did not get home till 2; the child was very cross, and I could not keep it quiet; she would not get into bed, and this is what it has come to"—he also said that he supposed she had taken a little too much whisky—the girl had nothing on, and was covered with blood, and he only had on a bit of his shirt sleeve—he put his wife's shift on to go to the station—the child was in bed in Mrs. Cooper's room—I found these tongs by the fireplace covered with fresh blood, and on some rags in a wooden chest under the bed this table-knife with blood running from it—the lid had been lifted up and the knife dropped under.

ELIZA TRIPP . Last September I was living with the prisoner as his wife—on 11th September I came home between 1.30 and 2 in the morning, and found the prisoner going to bed—I had had a drop too much drink, but he had had nothing at all—he asked where I had been—I told him I would not tell him, he must find out—he went to bed—I did not undress myself—he said that if I told him where I had been he would not touch me—I told him he could do what he liked, I should not tell him—I then went to bed too, and he asked me again, but I would not tell him, so he got out of bed, and hit me on the head with the tongs—I was not in bed then; I jumped out at the same time that he did, and after he hit me I got a knife—I always run to the knife when I am in a temper—I got out of bed because I knew he was going to hit me—I tried to stab him for hitting me—I never cried out, I only said, "Oh, Jack, don't hit me"—I never used the word "murder" all the time we were quarrelling, but I believe people in the nest room called out "murder" when they heard I was being knocked about—the prisoner tried to pull the knife out of my hand, and my thumb got cut in the struggle—I tried to stab him with it on the back of his neck, when he put his head down and I bit him, and we fell on the floor together, and he got the knife from me, and cut my thumb in getting it—he had struck me two blows on the head with the tongs, but not heavy blows—I did not feel them much at the time—I believe he got the knife from me, but I do not know anything more till the policeman came in—I was not lying on any chairs, there was not room for them where we were—he has only hit me once before, but I have stabbed him twice—I ran out of the room with my petticoat round me—I do not remember how my throat was cut—I was not taken to Mrs. Cooper's room; I went there.

By THE COURT. I said before the magistrate that I thought he tried to cut my throat—it was done—I remember the surgeon coming and examining my wounds.

Cross-examined. I took the knife from the table and stabbed you on the back of the neck—I do not know whether I made that scar which

you have there in my temper—I know I have stabbed you twice before—I do not think it was your intention to murder me.

HEBER CHAMBERS , M. R. C. S. I live at 1, Wilmington Square, Clerkenwell—I was called to St. Helena Place, and found the prosecutrix in the front room, crouched on the floor, and covered with blood from head to foot—she Lad a flannel petticoat round her, but not on—I removed her to the next room, and found on the front of her head a contused wound about an inch long, not very deep, and immediately behind that a star-shaped wound, under which was a dent in the bone, that was from a more severe blow—I do not think they were done with the knob at the end of these tongs, but with the centre knob—a blow from this end would make a much broader cut—there was also a small contused wound one third of an inch deep, at the back of her head, which might have been produced by striking against something—there were scratches of a knife on her hands, and on her throat a wound about three inches long, going from right to left, and jagged at one end—it went down to the windpipe and touched the cartilages and muscles, but it did not open the windpipe—it could be done with this knife—it was jagged, showing that the knife had been drawn across two or three times, and had grazed the skin, but the knife need not have been taken from the original wound to do that—it was only serious from the loss of blood—injury to the windpipe might have led to inflammation of the lungs, but the cut would have had to go considerably deeper than it did, to touch any of the main vessels—there was also a cut between her left thumb and forefinger three-quarters of an inch long, and rather deep, and a corresponding cut on the finger, as if she had had the knife thus—it was as you would expect to find when one person was wresting a knife from another—there were a great many small cuts on both hands—she went into the hospital the next day as there was no one to nurse her.

ROBERT BOULTBEE (re-examined). The prisoner did not complain of a wound on his neck when I took him to the station, this is the first I have heard of it.

CHARLES SHADDOCK (re-examined). The prisoner never complained to me of a wound in his neck.

Prisoner's Defence. At the House of Detention, before I had my bath, I told the man to look at my neck, it was fresh at the time and bleeding—I had been stabbed by her previously, and was compelled to force the knife from her—it was not my intention to murder her—as we lay in bed together she spat in my face, and she said, "Jack, if you don't think I am true to you, I will bury this in you," and took the knife to me—I took it from her and struck her, but not with the intention of knocking her brains in or of murdering her.

GUILTY of intent to do grievous bodily harm— Seven Years' Penal Servitude.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-773
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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773. THOMAS PRATT (27), was indicted for the wilful murder of Elizabeth Frances Brockington.

MR. WARNER SLEIGH conducted the Prosecution; and MR. A. B. KELLY the Defence.

CAROLINE BALL . I am a French polisher, living at 48, Golden Lane—I was going home about one o'clock on the morning of 14th September, when I saw the prisoner and another man and woman in Golden Lane—tho prisoner was showing his arm to a police constable—the woman went

into the police station in Old Street, while the prisoner waited at the bottom—in the hearing of the prisoner, she said to the policeman, "What can I do with that young man, for he won't let me go neither one way nor the other? I would rather you lock me up than I go with hum"—the policeman said, "You go your way, and he will go his"—the prisoner went towards Whitecross Street, and 1 and the woman went down Wilderness Row, which are in different directions—when we got down Wilderness Bow some distance, I saw the prisoner, who ran across the road to us—we tried to avoid him, but he caught us up—he ran in front of the woman, and made a blow at her, saying, "Liz, I have done for you now, I will do my drag for you"—the woman screamed, "Oh!" and I caught hold of her to assist her—the prisoner said, "I'd as lieve stick a knife into you as look at you"—I tried to assist her across the road, but she fell back in the middle of the road, and I was obliged to let go—a policeman came up, and she was conveyed to the station—I saw the prisoner with the policeman, and heard him say, "I'll hang for her"—he gave the policeman a knife, and said, "I have dune it; I will swing for her!"—as far as I saw, the woman gave him no provocation.

Cross-examined. Before he struck the blow I did not hear him say anything to her—I said before the Coroner, "He got in front of her, and said, 'I'll do for you,' and then struck her in the breast"—I cannot say if it was the same constable at the police-station door that the prisoner was showing his arm to in Golden Lane—he had some bandages round his arm,—while he was showing his arm, the woman crossed over to the police Station—I also crossed over, and the prisoner stood listening, but did not say anything—the policeman refused to let her in, saying she had done nothing wrong—it was all in a minute or two after we commenced going in opposite directions that the prisoner rejoined us—the woman asked me to go home and sleep with her, saying he would not touch her if anybody was with her—I had been sleeping in a common lodging-house, and I gave the 6d. I should have to pay for my lodging there, to the woman.

GEORGE EUGENE YAREOW . I am surgeon to the G division of police—on the morning of 13th September, about one, I was called to the Old Street station, and found a woman lying on one of the benches in a state of unconsciousness from which she never recovered—she died in about ten minutes—the front of her clothing was saturated with blood—there was a punctured wound about five-eighths of an inch in length over the left breast, from which the blood was flowing—at that time I was only able to trace it about an inch downwards, but I afterwards made post-mortem examination—the knife (produced) corresponds with the wound—it had penetrated the bony substance of the third rib, and gone into the left ventricle of the heart—considerable violence must have been used—she died from the effects of that wound.

Cross-examined. There was extensive adhesion of the left lung, the result of which was to throw the heart considerably forward on the wall of the chest—with the heart in that abnormal condition it would require a wound of lesser depth and force to penetrate it than under ordinary circumstances—the wound went into the cavity of the heart.

Re-examined. Considerable violence must have been used, because the knife penetrated the bone—as a rule, when the rib is struck it yields, or breaks, or the substance is struck off, but in this case it

went directly through the bone—had the heart not been displaced the wound would have penetrated the lung—that would not necessarily have been fatal.

JAMES CROCKFORD (Policeman G 192). I was on duty in Wilderness Row about 1 o'clock on the morning of the 14th September, and saw the deceased in the road with the witness Ball—I spoke to the prisoner—he gave me the knife (produced)—he said, "I have done it, and I will swing for it"—I assisted to take the woman to the station.

Cross-examined. I do not know the meaning of the term "I'll do a drag for you"—I have never heard the phrase.

HENRY FEEK (Policeman G 235). I was on duty in "Wilderness Row at 1 o'clock on the morning of 14th September—I heard a scream, and saw two women struggling in the middle of the road—I saw the prisoner cross over towards Goswell Street, and arrested him; he said, "I am the one who done it; I am sorry for it, she drove me to it; I worked hard for that girl till I could not get any more work, and I went thieving for her: I was three months in the House of Correction for her, it is done, and it cannot be helped, I must suffer for it"—he said he loved her as he loved his own life—I told him he would be charged with stabbing her, and he was taken to the station.

Cross-examined. "Drag" is a low word meaning "hanging."

Witnesses for the Defence.

THOMAS WILLIAM SCARFE . I am superintendent of the Shoeblacks' Home, 241, Marylebone Lane, formerly master of the Union Jack brigade, Limehouse—about nine years ago prisoner was under my charge in the shoeblack brigade for four years—at first he was a great trouble, of a morose, sullen disposition, and sometimes seemed unable to learn his lessons, while at others he could do them very well—we taught him the big drum music, and he would sometimes play the time and tune well, while sometimes he could not keep them at all, and we had to tap on his shoulders the time—sometimes he understood punishment, and at others would appear quite unconcerned.

The Court considered the evidence too remote to affect the case, unless it could he proved that the prisoner was net responsible for his acts.

THOMAS PRATT , the prisoner's father, being totally deaf, was sworn by the oath' being written in pencil on a slate. MR. KELLY then wrote the questions he desired to put to the witness also on the slate, and handed them to the Court, who ruled that the proposed evidence was too remote to affect the case.

HENRY PRATT . I am no relative of the prisoner—on the 13th, from 6 a.m. till 4 p.m., I was at work with him on board ship by the side of Millwall Docks—we were working amongst strong turpentine down the hold, where if you remained a quarter of an hour you were just as if you were drunk—we were obliged frequently to come up from the hold, and were not allowed to remain down more than a quarter of an hour—when I got home my wife thought I was drunk—I could not walk straight.

WILLIAM MELTON . I live at Midland Street, Ratcliffe Highway—I went out for a walk with the prisoner between five and six in the evening of the 13th—at Whitechapel Church we had a pot of ale—we then went to the City Road, where we had half a pint of beer each with a pennyworth of gin in it—we then walked down the City Road,

and about half-past nine as we were going home we met deceased—they loft me about half an hour, and went into a public-house—I remained outside, and was afterwards called in by the prisoner—we remained till about half-past twelve, and we had three quarterns of rum and three pints of cooper—the deceased drank the greater portion of the rum—the prisoner wet his lips, and I had none—we remained till closing time—then we went on to Golden Lane, she walking with him and I behind them.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-774
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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774. NICHOLAS SEIZE (48), was indicted for a rape upon Elizabeth Lavinia Beasley.

MR. FULTON conducted the Prosecution.


FOURTH COURT.—Thursday, 25th October, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-775
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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775. JAMES SMITH (39) PLEADED GUILTY to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 14l. 10s. with intent to defraud— Three Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-776
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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776. HENRY PRESTON (40) [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image] , to a burglary in the dwelling-house of John Fruin Bravington with intent to steal there-in— Nine Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-777
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceNo Punishment > sentence respited

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777. JAMES HENRY WHIPP (14) , to stealing 9l. 18s. 5d. of the moneys of Wm. Burford, his master— [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image] Judgment Respited.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-778
VerdictGuilty > pleaded part guilty

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778. GEORGE WOOD (21) , stealing 6l. of George Baxter Smith and another, his masters, and unlawfully making a false entry in a book of account belonging to his said masters, with intent to defraud. The Prisoner

PLEADED GUILTY to the falsification of the account, and MR. BESLEY, for the prosecution, did not proceed with the larceny— Six Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-779
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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779. WILLIAM JAMES MORRIS (), Feloniously wounding James Cox, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.

MR. PURCELL conducted the Prosecution; and MR. CANDY the Defence.

JAMES COX . I live at 2, Great Windmill Street, New Cut, Lambeth—on the 22nd September, at about 8 o'clock p.m., I was at the Sea Lion public-house, Cornwall Road—I was quite sober—my brother was with me, and some one insulted him, and the man and my brother went out to fight—my brother beat him, and the man ran away—another man then came up to fight my brother—I said, "One dog, one bone"—my brother was then on the top of another man outside the public-house—I was going to pick my brother up, and when I was stooping down I felt a dig come at my forehead just above the temple—I dropped my brother and said, "Joe, this man (the prisoner) has stabbed me"—I put my hand to my forehead and my shirt was all saturated with blood in an instant—I caught Mm by the wrist in an instant—a knife was in his hand—I said, "What did you do that for?" and I up with my fist and knocked him down in self-defence and wrenched the knife from his hand—I held it up and said, "Here is the knife the man stabbed me with," and gave it to a young man named Roberts—there was a dozen going to catch hold of the knife, and I said, "Mr. Roberts, take this knife, mind it for me"—my brother Held him too, and I said, "We won't leave you till a police constable comes," and then I became unconscious till I found myself in bed in the hospital—this is the knife (produced).

Cross-examined. I never saw the prisoner before—I caught him with the knife in his hand—I said, "You stabbed me"—I called him a rogue and vagabond, or something to that effect—I said, "Joe, this rogue has stabbed me"—the struggle was going on the kerb—I should say there were a dozen or fifteen men there at the time—they were all in a ring round—I did not see the prisoner in the Sea Lion.

JOSEPH COS . I am the brother of the last witness—I live at 8, Great Windmill Street, and am a French polisher—I know the prisoner, and have seen him at the Sea Lion—on the night in question I was fighting with a man and the prisoner wanted me to fight, and said, "Come outside and we will have a fight"—I said nothing to him—I fought a second man and fell—my brother picked me up—I didn't see what happened then, but I see blood streaming down his face—he called out, "Joe, I am stabbed"—he was standing over the prisoner, and reeled round and fell on the ground—he fainted and was taken to the hospital—I saw a knife in my brother's hand, and he told me he had taken it away from the prisoner—he and I caught hold of the prisoner and gave him to the constable.

Cross-examined. I had had no quarrel with the prisoner—he said to me, "I will have a go with you"—where I was having this fight was not far away from the kerb—there were about fifteen or twenty persons outside—not particular in a ring—some on the pavement and some out of the public-house, and the mates, I expect, of the prisoner also.

FREDERICK JEFFS (Policeman 51 L). I took the prisoner in charge and told him I was taking him for stabbing Cox in the forehead—he said nothing—Cox said nothing in the prisoner's presence—the prisoner was not drunk—he seemed very excited.

WILLIAM HENRY ROBERTS . I live at 19, Collingwood Street, Blackfriars—I received a knife from Cox—I handed it to another person standing by.

GEORGE PIKE (Policeman 95 L). I went to the Sea Lion after assisting to take the prisoner to the station—the landlord gave me this knife—it was covered with blood the same as it is now.

WILLIAM HENRY BATTLE . I am house-surgeon at St. Thomas's Hospital—Cox was brought in on the night in question—I found a punctured wound over the right side of the forehead—it measured between two and three inches in depth horizontally, and had an entrance of about three-quarters of an inch—it was such a wound as could be caused by this knife—it would require a great amount of force to inflict such a wound—it was not a dangerous wound—the wound has healed—he remained in the hospital from the Saturday till the Monday.

JAMES COX (re-examined). I do not know Henry Darling—I do not remember seeing my brother twisting a handkerchief round the neck of the prisoner and a man saying, "Let him go"—when I was on the ground there was a dozen trying to rescue him from my brother—I was at the police-court—a man said he lent the prisoner a knife—his name was not Darling.

JOSEPH COX (re-examined). I do not know Darling—the prisoner was not in such a condition that he could not speak—he asked me to let him go—a man did not come up and loose his handkerchief—I would not let go of his collar.

HENRY DARLING . I do not know this knife—on Saturday, the 22nd

September, I gave a knife to the prisoner like this at about 6.30, or 6.45—I was not with him the remainder of the day—I went away—when I came back I saw the prisoner lying down in the gutter, and three men and a woman kneeling on him, and Cox holding him—I got my knife back before I got back.

The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate. A young chap asked me to have some beer—I said I didn't mind—these two chaps entered, and pitched on to me; and as to the knife, I never did stab him—it was not my knife at all.

The Prisoner received a good character.

GUILTY Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-780
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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780. JOHAN VOGHT (20) , Feloniously wounding Edward Buss, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.

MR. DIXON conducted the Prosecution; and MR. HORACE AVORY the Defence.

EDWARD BUSS (interpreted). I am a sailor on board the San Paulis, which the prisoner also belonged to—one evening, I cannot say the date, I went to a public-house, and the prisoner came in afterwards—he quarrelled—I told him to be quiet, and we left to go to my vessel—when we got near the water-side the prisoner began to quarrel with another man—I said "Be quiet," and then he struck me—I fell to the ground and received several blows on the head and arms—I felt I was cut—I was carried on board ship, and afterwards to the hospital.

Cross-examined. The quarrel in the public-house was between his shipmates, and the prisoner went between them—I can't say whether to help them fight or not—I only said to the prisoner "Be quiet"—I struck him once while in the public-house with my hand—we had a quarrel before that, and I struck him because he interfered between the, other men—I do not think I am a stronger and bigger man than he—we all went out together to go to the ship—I did not have any row with him on the way, hut he quarrelled with the others—I did not seize him by the collar—I told him to be quiet—I catched hold of him in front by his breast—we were then on the quay—I seized him because I wanted to make him quiet—I don't know what he had bought, but he had a bundle in his hand of different things—he began to strike me—he did not say "Leave me alone"—I have not seen what he struck me with—he struck with his right hand—I cannot say what the bundle was in his left hand; it was too dark to see—I will swear I never struck him only once, when I said—I didn't catch hold of him; I only had my hand like that (describing) against his breast—we had come over in the same ship as shipmates—we were not good friends; he was always at something against me.

Re-examined. I did not try to push the prisoner into the water.

JAMES TRICKER (Inspector of Thames Police). I heard cries of "Police" on this night, and on going to the place I saw a ship's boat—I went to the passage, walked up the steps, and. at the stairs' head at the top of the landing-place, five yards from there, I saw the prosecutor lying on his hack and bleeding from the head—there were seven or eight foreigners round him, all belonging to the same ship—I had the prosecutor taken down to the boat, and the prisoner was taken on board also, and then on to the ship—I found the man had lost much blood, and was very weak—I did not know he had been stabbed, but finding the man was bleeding from the neck, I took this scarf off his neck, and saw a large wound in the

neck—I said "Where is the knife, Johan?"—he said "In the water"—I did not find it.

Cross-examined. The prisoner complained of being struck—I said so before the magistrate.

WM. HUGHES . I am house surgeon at the Poplar Hospital—the prosecutor was admitted on the 18th September—he had been bleeding very much; his clothes were saturated with blood—he had an incised wound on the left side of his head, on the back of his neck, and on his right forearm—the wound in the neck extended down to the spinal column, about 1 1/2 inches long—I should not like to say whether it penetrated—he had partial paralysis of the left side—he was in danger—the wounds could have been inflicted by a knife—he has not quite recovered from the paralysis—I think he will.

The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate. He kicked me in the stomach, and struck me on the neck—he wouldn't leave me alone—I said "Let me alone," and he wished to throw me in the water—I said "Leave me alone, in the name of the Father and Son"—he wanted to drown me.

GUILTY Two Years' Imprisonment

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-781
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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781. FREDERICK JOHNSTONE (30) , Burglary in the dwelling-house of William Hawkins, and stealing therein six pairs of boots and two pairs of soles, his property.

MR. CROOME conducted the Prosecution.

WILLIAM HAWKINS . I live at 12, Tufton Street, Westminster—on Friday, the 14th September, I put up the shop shutter as usual before going to bed, between 9 and 9.30—the shutter is fastened by a bar, which can be lifted up by anybody, and a bolt—in the night I heard a noise, as of the breaking of glass—I did not get up—I was sleeping in the room behind the shop—shortly afterwards policeman Beecham called me up, when I found the bar removed, the shutter down, and a pane of glass broken and six pairs of boots and two pairs of soles missing—these (produced) are some of those which were taken from my shop that night.

WILLIAM BEECHAM (Policeman B 377). I was on duty in Tufton Street on the morning of the 15th of last month, and was passing the prosecutor's shop at about 2 a.m.—I noticed the shutter was down and a pane of glass broken—I called the prosecutor up, and he came to me at once.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. About a quarter of an hour elapsed between the time the place was broken into and your being taken into custody.

Re-examined. I had passed the shop shortly before, and found it quite safe—twenty minutes elapsed between my first going to the shop and my finding it broken open.

WILLIAM WHYBROW (Policeman B 193). I was on duty in Great St. Peter's Street on the morning in question, about three or four minutes' walk from the prosecutor's—I saw the prisoner, who passed me, and I followed him back—I saw something at his side, and I asked him what he had, and he dropped a pair of boots—this is one of the pairs before me—I saw another boot hanging down, which I took from him and took him to the station—when I got there I found three other pairs and two pairs of soles on him—he said a man gave them to him to carry—it was about 2.20 when we got to the station—on my way back, after I had taken him to the station, I met the prosecutor coming to the station.

Cross-examined. I was going towards the prosecutor's—you walked faster than I did—I followed you about two rods behind—you did not attempt to run away—I found three pairs of boots and two pairs of socks on you, and 4d.—you went to the station quietly.

Prisoner's Defence. If I had broken the place open it isn't likely I should be about the place with them boots under my coat—you would naturally think I should try to get away from the place.

GUILTY Six Months' Imprisonment.

NEW COURT.—Friday, October 26th, 1877. "

Before Mr. Justice Lush.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-782
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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782. WILLIAM CUTHBEKTSON (23) , Feloniously cutting and wounding Eliza Newcombe, with intent to murder her.

MR. STRAIGHT conducted the Prosecution; and MR. CHARLES MATHEWS the Defence.

ELIZA NEWCOMBE . I am nineteen years old, and am now in St. Bartholomew's Hospital—in January this year I left my situation, and went to live with the prisoner—he is a hairdresser's assistant—we lived at 27, Cowper Street, Islington, in July, and I had charge of Mrs. Barth's baby, who lodged in the same house, while she was out all day at her business—the baby was subject to convulsion fits—on 25th July Mrs. Barth wanted me to go and have the baby's likeness taken—I did not tell the prisoner where I was going, but I asked him whether I could go out—I gave him the key in case I did not get back in time—my sister went with me, and on our way home I called where the prisoner was employed, and got the key from him—I went home and prepared tea, and he came home about. six o'clock, and said that I had been rather too long—I said that I had not been longer than I could help, and showed him the baby's photograph—he said that I had no business to have it taken, wasting my money—I said that my sister paid for it—she was not present—we began tea, and in the middle of it he asked to see the picture again, and he deliberately broke it on the corner of a chair, and threw it on the fire, and smacked me in the face once or twice—I think I flew at him, it was in self-defence if I did, and he struck me again in the chest with his fist, I believe—until he smacked my face I had done nothing to provoke him that I am aware of—on the morning of the 26th he went to his work, and came home to breakfast about 10 o'clock, having shaved off his moustache and whiskers—I said "What have you done that for? what a boy you look"—he said "I have had a clean shave to "swing for you in"—I said "I am glad you let me know"—we breakfasted in Mrs. Barth's room that morning because the baby was so ill, but Mrs. Barth was not present, she had gone to her work—as we were sitting down to breakfast the prisoner said to me "If you have got anything to say you had better say it, as you have not much longer to live; you may live another half hour, and you may live till to-morrow"—I said "You have threatened me so often, I take no notice of your threats"—he never said anything for ever so long, and then he got up off his chair and threw himself across the hearthrug—I asked him to get up, but he made no reply—I went downstairs, and came up again, and he was still on the hearthrug—I said "Mr. Pickford," that is his employer, "has sent for you, and wants to know if you are going back to your work"—he said that he was never going to do any

more work, and I need not trouble myself—I then asked him to go into our own room, but he made no answer, still lying on the hearthrug—I washed the baby, and it had two fits—I then put the tea things away and went into our own room, and then downstairs and saw Mrs. Oliver the landlady—I then went up to Mrs. Barth's room, and the prisoner—was sitting on a chair—I said "Mrs. Oliver is coming to ask you for the rent" and Mrs. Oliver walked in behind me. and asked him for the rent—this was about 11 o'clock—he said "I will give you a fortnight next Monday"—she said "Very well," and left the room—I asked him why he did not give Mrs. Oliver the rent—he said "Before I give her the rent her house will be in the Police News"—he did not take in the Police News, but I think they sold it, or had it at the shop—I said "We should make two nice pictures for the Police News"—a short time after that I asked him for a penny to get half a pint of beer—he said that I need not trouble myself, I should not want any more pennies for beer out of him—I went and got half a pint of beer with a penny of my own, and brought it back—he drank a very little of it, and I finished it—when he was drinking it he said "My love to you, and I hope you will be better tempered the next time we have a drop more together"—I said "I have no doubt we shall," or something to that effect—I then noticed that the child was in a fit, and went across to it, and as I did so I said to the prisoner "You had better go out for a walk, or else I will"—he said "Next time you go out it will be in a cab to the hospital"—I cannot remember what I said, and I think he went into his own room—I took the child downstairs, and brought it up again, and laid it down—the prisoner was then there, and I said "I wish you would keep in your own room"—I do not think he made any answer—I was sitting at the side of the bed looking at the baby, who was in a fit, and the prisoner shut the door and the window, and came towards me—I said "Bill, look at this child"—he made no more to do, but hit me on the back of my head deliberately with a chopper, which I first saw when it was lifted in his hand to strike—it was Mrs. Barth's chopper, and had been in a corner of that room—I said "Bill, before you hit me again think what you are doing it for, and what excuse you will make"—he said "I will soon find some excuse"—he kept on repeating the blows, and I fell off the side of the bed, and saw him change the chopper into his left hand—I said "Bill, if you hit me once more you will kill me"—he said "That is what I want to do"—how I got up I do not know, but I got to the door—I kept continually screaming, I think, till I lost my senses—just as I got to the top of the steps a person who lives next door came to my assistance—I saw her on the stairs.

Cross-examined. Directly I went to live with him he proposed to marry me, and I think he commenced to save up money for that purpose, and I believe he gave it to his master to keep for him—after which he fell ill, and was for some time in the doctor's hands, and for the time the marriage was spoken of no more—when he broke the likeness and I flew at him I do not think he was smoking a pipe—I do not remember smashing a pipe in his mouth—he usually smoked after tea, but that was in the middle of tea—I flew at him quite in self-defence—I did not kick him—I never used my foot in my life that I can remember to him—I once tried to bite him when he had his hand across my throat; not this time, some time ago—I may have endeavoured to dash the pipe from his mouth—when I

asked him for a penny for beer I did not stamp my foot in front of him, I did not feel so inclined—I never in my life spat in his face—I did not dare him to touch me—I do not remember snatching a pan from the table—there was no pan but one, which I left in my own room on the drawers, clean and quite empty—I did not pass it towards him as if I was going to throw it at him—I washed the baby in Mrs. Barth's room, but I never attempted to throw the pan, that was before the blows were given—I only moved the pan from one chair to another, and he laid on the floor nearly all that time—he struck me with the proper side of the chopper which they chop wood with, but it is not very sharp—the prisoner was sitting near the cupboard where Mrs. Barth keeps her wood, and in which the chopper was kept.

ELIZA OLIVER . I live at 28, Cowper Street, and am a widow—I have the letting of No. 27—I asked the prosecutrix for the rent on 26th July, and the prisoner said that he would pay me two weeks at once on the Monday—I heard no screaming, but the prosecutrix afterwards called me and I went upstairs and saw her with her head bleeding and the prisoner standing by the window with his hands up to his eyes—I ran to fetch a doctor.

Cross-examined. The door of Mrs. Barth's room was open.

BETSY GLADWELL . I am the wife of William Gladwell, of 27, Cowper Street—on 26th July Mrs. Bell called me and I went up to the first landing and saw the prisoner standing with his hands over his eyes—I said, "What have you done?"—he made no answer—I asked him a second time, and the prosecutrix said, "I am dying, he has nearly killed me"—she was a few stairs up towards the next floor—I saw that she was wounded, and wiped the blood from her face—she asked me to let her go to my room—I said, "It is too far for you"—she said, "Oh, let me come," and she did go, and she was sent to the hospital—the prisoner said nothing and was locked into his own room till a policeman came.

THOMAS MAYNARD (Police-Inspector G). On 26th July I saw the prosecutrix in St. Bartholomew's Hospital—I then went to 27, Cowper Street, and found that the prisoner had been taken to the station—the counterpane, sheets, and the child's white frock were all covered with blood, and in the centre of the bed I found this piece of hair (produced), which appears to have been chopped off somebody's head—it is the same colour as the girl's hair—I found blood stains on the floor, and four marks made by a blunt instrument like this chopper, also several pieces of hair wet with blood, which appeared to have been chopped off, and at the foot of the bed I picked up another piece—the chopper had been taken away—I saw a small pan by the side of the bed with dirty water in it as if somebody had been washing, and some of it was upset on the floor.

WILLIAM LONDON (Policeman G 158). On 26th July about 2.45 I went to a first-floor front room at 27, Cowper Street, and found this chopper (produced) lying near the bed with blood and hair on the blade and handle—I then went into the back room and found the prisoner sitting on the bed—I told him I should take him for violently assaulting his wife and striking her on the head with a chopper—he said, "I am very sorry, I know I have done wrong."

MARIA ANN BARTH . I lived at 27, Cowper Street at this time—this chopper is mine—I kept it in the fireplace to cut wood.

WILLIAM GAMMON ARCHER . I was house-surgeon at St. Bartholomew's

Hospital on 26th July—I admitted Eliza Newcombe that afternoon, and found fifteen wounds on her scalp, some incised and some lacerated—they must have been done with different parts of the same instrument—the blade is rough in some places and smooth in others—there were three fractures of the skull; two of them went completely through and exposed the brain pulsating beneath its membranes—the bone had been chopped through, and four pieces of bone had been chopped off other parts of the skull—there was also a contusion under her eye—she was in a very dangerous condition, and a magistrate came next day to take her deposition—I have seen her daily since—she will, I think, recover, but she will always be subject to fainting fits on very slight excitement.

The. Prisoner received a good character.

GUILTY Twenty Years' Penal Servitude.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-783
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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783. ARTHUR EDWARD FREDERICK BOULTON, Feloniously attempting to discharge a loaded pistol at Solomon Levy with intent to do—him grievous bodily harm.

MR. MILLWOOD conducted the Prosecution.

SOLOMON LEVY . I am a wholesale clothier, of 38, Upper East Smith-field—on 18th October, about 3 p.m., I was in the billiard-room of the "Woolpack, Minories—the prisoner came in, made a remark upon the manner in which some one made a stroke, and then he said that he would play any one for a half-sovereign or a sovereign—Mr. Arnett answered him in a joking kind of way "All right, I will play you!"—after the game which was being played was over, the prisoner took up a cue and attempted to strike a ball, and Mr. Arnett and the prisoner appeared about to commence—they both made two or three ineffectual strokes, knocking the balls about, and the marker said "I will have none of this nonsense, there are gentlemen waiting to play," and took the cue out of the prisoner's hands—the prisoner then walked across the room to a young man on the opposite side, saying "I will have my half-sovereign I have staked"—to my perfect knowledge, he had never drawn any money out; in fact, the marker said that he would not have any gambling—I am positive he never staked any money—several persons said at once "You never staked any money!"—he then attempted to strike the young man—the marker got between them and said "You shall not fight!"—he attempted to catch the marker by the throat, but he was too quick for him, and caught him by his throat with one hand and by his wrist with the other, and pushed him towards the door—I opened the door, and the marker put him out, and told some one to ring the bell—the potman came up, and the prisoner was put downstairs—hearing that he was making a disturbance downstairs, I saw him outside on the pavement, and some coppers rolling about which were handed to him, he picked some up himself, and from a stooping position he turned towards the door, looked round deliberately at everybody standing there, drew a pistol from behind him, and presented it at my head—I was about two feet from him—I had never spoken to him—I ducked my head to avoid the shot, and the next thing I saw was that Mr. Brown had collared him on one side by the right wrist, and Detective Hutt on the other—the pistol was in his right hand—on the way to the station I saw blood on Mr. Brown's hand, and at the station I saw the inspector draw seven charges from the pistol—the prisoner said to me "I am sorry I did not shoot you, you son of a bitch,

I will give it you when I come out"—he said that over and over again, and he said to the detective "I will give it to you too"—no doubt he had been drinking a little, but he appeared sober.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. I could not see whether the revolver was on full cock.

RICHARD BROWN . I live at 3, Devonport Street, Commercial Road, and am a stevedore—on 18th October I was playing at billiards with Mr. Arnett, and saw the prisoner come in—he wanted to play Mr. Arnett for half a sovereign, but Mr. Arnett would not—the prisoner took up a cue and said "This is the way to hit the balls!"—Mr. Arnett took a cue and did not hit the balls—the marker said "I cannot have this nonsense," and took the cue away—the prisoner went up to a young man and said "I demand my half-sovereign I deposited with you"—he said "You deposited no half-sovereign"—the prisoner got into a fighting attitude—the marker got between them, and the prisoner was put out—I was afterwards told that he had a pistol in his possession—I went down, saw a little scuffle in the passage, and the prisoner was shoved out on to the pavement—he got up, put his right hand behind him, and drew a revolver and pointed it at Mr. Levy—I caught him by the hand, and took hold of the revolver, and the nipple came down on my hand; here is the wound it made, so that it must have been at full cock—he was given in custody—I had not seen him give any money to any one.

Cross-examined. I said before the Lord Mayor "There was a tussle, and the hammer came down"—there was little tussle in getting it away—I do not think I could have cocked it in that way—you had a pistol pocket, made for the purpose of carrying a revolver.

WILLIAM COOPER . I rent the billiard-room at the Woolpack—on 18th December the prisoner came in about 3 o'clock—four gentlemen were playing at billiards, and he challenged the worst player of the four to play for a half-sovereign, but playing for money is not allowed—he went down and came up with his coat off, and began knocking the balls about—I picked up the balls as he was talking a lot of nonsense, and said "This won't suit me; you had better go somewhere else and play"—he said to a gentleman there "I will take my stake money"—he said "What do you mean?" and the prisoner squared up at him—I went between them—he tried to seize me by the throat, but I was too quick for him, and seized him—I asked a gentleman to ring for the potman, who came up, and I said "Show that gentleman outside"—I did not see the prisoner produce any money.

ALFRED BLACKMAN . I am potman and waiter at the Woolpack—I went upstairs when the bell rang, and they had got the prisoner outside the door—he asked me the marker's name—I said "I will tell you downstairs"—he went down and asked for the bos, meaning the landlord—I said "He is upstairs lying down"—he placed his left hand on my shoulder and his right behind him, pulled out a revolver, and said "My dear boy, I have got a small instrument here which I mean doing some mischief with to those upstairs if I do not get my half-sovereign"—I told him if he had been done out of a half-sovereign I would send for the landlord, and he would go up and try to rectify it, but he laughed at me and would not take any notice—he then said he wanted to see the God d—bos, and if he did not see the bos in less than two minutes he would force his way into the billiard-room—I said "It is 100 to 1 that you don't"—he tried

to go to the staircase, and I called out "John, you go upstairs, you know the gentlemen better than I do; you ask which of them has go this half-sovereign"—two gentlemen then came out of the billiard-room downstairs—the prisoner said that he would not go out until he saw the bos—he was pushed out on to the pavement, and fell on his back, and some coppers fell out of his jacket-pocket—he picked some up, and some people picked up the others and gave them to him—he put them in his pocket, put his hand behind him, and drew out a revolver—I sang out "Here comes the revolver"—he presented it at Mr. Levy's head, and Brown reached over my shoulder and seized his wrist, and took it away—he showed it to me three times inside the house—it was not cocked—the fourth time was outside.

WILLIAM HUTT (City Detective). On 18th October I went to this billiard-room to see a gentleman—I saw the prisoner take a cue up and attempt to strike a ball—the marker saw that the other gentleman did not intend to play, and took the cue out of the prisoner's hand, and said "I will have no nonsense"—the prisoner walked up to a young man, and said "Where is my half sovereign?"—the young man seemed frightened, and said "I have no money of yours"—the marker stepped between them, grasped him by the throat, and he was taken downstairs—afterwards they said that he had a revolver, and I went down behind Mr. Brown—he attempted to stop Mr. Collins, who pushed him out on the pavement—some coppers fell out of his pocket which were picked up—I heard Blackman say "He has got a revolver"—Brown and the potman seized him, and Brown took the revolver from his hand—I seized his right hand, twisted him round, and said "I am a police officer; I shall take you in custody"—he said "D——you, I will shoot you"—I said "I will bet you don't"—I did not see whether the revolver was cocked or not—the charge was drawn at the station—there were seven chambers loaded with bullets—he said that he was very sorry he had not settled some of us, and he would do it, and that he would shoot me—he was perfectly sober, but no doubt he had been drinking.

JOHN EGAN (Police Inspector). The prisoner was brought to Seething Lane station—I read the charge to him, and he said "I wish I had shot somebody"—I drew the charges; these are the bullets (produced).

The prisoner in his Defence stated that he had just landed from the United States, where he was in the habit of carrying a pistol, and thought it safer to keep it in his pocket than to leave it on a table, and having taken two or three glasses of stout, which he was not accustomed to, he did not know what occurred, and that the pistol must have got cocked in the struggle.

GUILTY Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-784
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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784. JAMES SINCLAIR (37), GEORGE RYAN (28), and ISAAC BLED (49) , Stealing eight bales of wool of the London and St. Katharine's Dock Company, the masters of Sinclair and Ryan.

MR. GREEN conducted the Prosecution.

JOHN YOUNG . I live at Globe Street, and am in the Company's service—it is my duty to lock up the crescent warehouse at sis at night and unlock it at sis in the morning—none of the men have any right to stop there during the night—before locking up I call "All out"—On the 28th September, when I unlocked at sis o'clock in the morning, I saw Bird, who is an extra labourer—I went straight up to him and asked

"How came you here? Were you drunk? Did you get locked in by accident?"—he said "Oh no, nothing of the sort"—I said "Where did you sleep?"—he said "That is nothing to do with you, you need not trouble yourself about that, I am not alone; we have a man named Jimmy here"—Jimmy is Sinclair—I—went with him and saw Sinclair in what we call the big room—he was sewing up a bale—I said "Hallo Jim, what do you do here? locked yourself up so that the rats don't get in while you are asleep?"—he said "We have got a job on, and we are doing it, it is nothing to do with you"—I left them, but shortly afterwards saw them again, when Bird said "Look here, you run no risk in anything of this sort; if you want anything in the shape of money you can have it"—I said "I do not understand it"—I think they said I could have 10s. at once if I liked—I said "No, no; nothing of that sort"—I did not see Ryan at all daring that time—at their request I had some gin-and-milk with them, and then we separated for breakfast—when they came in again I said "Look here, what were you doing of?"—they said "Well now, it is nothing at all to do with you, we have got a job to do; you run no risk, we have got to make up some bales to bring in, and they will be called land carriages: the bales will be brought in, the order will be brought back again from the City, and the order received in the regular way, the bales weighed, brought forward when, required, and there it is; it will pay us well to do so, and if you want a sovereign you can have it"—I informed Mr. Hunt at ten minutes to eight.

THOMAS GRIGG . I am superintendent of the Dock Company's Police—on 28th September I received information and sent for Sinclair and Bird, and saw them separately—I said to-Sinclair "I learn you were at our warehouse last night," and told him it was a serious matter, and cautioned him—he said "It was arranged with foreman Ryan about a month ago that I, Bird, and another man by the name of Carr should be in the warehouse and make up some bales of wool; I and Carr remained in one night, about the 13th, and made up two bales: on the following night we stopped in again and made up two more, making in all four bales, which on the following day were put into the scale; Ryan told us to mark them A. M. and a diamond No. I to 4, which was done"—Sinclair then said he had received about 30s. for that transaction, and afterwards received a few shillings at the time, about 10s. more—he said "Nothing more transpired until the previous day, when Ryan came to Sinclair and said 'You had better stop in again to-night with Bird and Carr and make up four bales more, get them marked A. M. diamond No. 5 to 8,' which we did; the bags were brought to the scale and there they remain ready to be—weighed"—I asked Bird what he had to say, and he said he knew nothing about the wool whatever; that he was working in the wool warehouse on the previous day, and that having left his jacket in the foreman's box he went there to get it, and on his return he found the door locked, and rather than make any bother in reference to his being locked in, he remained there all night; but he admitted having seen Sinclair there about five o'clock in the morning—I afterwards brought them together, and read each other's statements so that they knew what each had said—I then sent for Ryan, and told him what Sinclair had said—Ryan said "It is no good denying facts, it is true; I have done it to make too ends meet"—I said "It is a very serious matter, and whatever you

have to say may be made use of as evidence"—he said "I cannot help it; I may as well say it, and make a clean breast of it"—he said a person of the name of Hammond, about two months ago, asked him to get some bales of wool, and about the 13th September he prepared four bales, got them to the sale, passed them through the sale, and received 27l. as the produce, which he divided between himself, Sinclair, Bird, and Carr—I showed Evan the order (produced) A. M. I to 4, and asked him if he knew anything about it—he said "Yes, I received it from Mr. Hammond and have acted upon it"—he then said he saw Mr. Hammond on the 27th, and arranged to get four bales more—the four bales were marked "A. M. diamond 5 to 8," and they were placed ready for the scale, where I afterwards found them—I then called Bird in the presence of Ryan, and told him that Ryan had said it was arranged for him to remain in with other men, and Ryan said "No good to be downhearted; tell the truth"—Bird said "Well, it is no good to deny it; I did remain in for one night, about the 13th, and we made up two or three bales then: I remained in last night and we made up four bales more, and we marked them A. M. and a diamond; I do not know whether they went to the scales"—the prisoners had no right to make up those bales, and no right to be in the warehouse at all.

RICHARD HENRY SLOCOMB . I am clerk to Mr. Mellor, who is clerk to the Great Eastern Railway Company—I wrote the order produced marked A—I received a copy from Mr. Hammond in. the presence of Mr. Mellor in the Wool Exchange, addressed to the superintendent of the London Docks—I copied it, and handed it back to Mr. Mellor—I went down to the docks daily during the sales—I saw Ryan and Hammond there—on the 14th September Hammond told me to ask Ryan to let him have the weights of the four bales—he did not say what four bales—I did not know what he meant—I told Ryan, and he said "I will see Mr. Hammond in Coleman Street."

JAMES MELLOR . I am an officer of the Great Eastern Railway Company, and acquainted with Mr. Hammond—previous to 12th September he came to me about writing some orders for him, giving me drafts of what he wanted written—I directed Mr. Slocomb to write that of the 15th—I think it is A. M. I to 4—the other I copied myself, and gave the copy to Hammond—I know Ryan as the foreman of the dock warehouse—I sent the documents on to Messrs. Jacomb and Co. at Hammond's direction, and afterwards received this cheque (produced) for 56l. 9s. 1d. from Messrs. Jacomb after the sale on loth September, and paid it to Mr. Hammond—I endorsed it—it is made payable to me.

FREDERICK CHARLES JACOMB . I am a wool-broker of the firm of Jacomb, Son, and Co., of 61, Moorgate Street—I received the order A. M. I to 4, and in consequence placed in my sale of loth September the four bales of wool—they were lotted 17, and the sale effected on that day for 56l. 9s. 1d.—I signed a delivery order for a number of bales, in which those four are included—the goods were delivered to my order from the Dock Company—the cheque produced was given to Mr. Mellor by our firm—there are a great number of purchasers go to the docks when the bales are on show—every bale is shown—they pull out pieces of wool to examine it, and sometimes cut the bale right open and take out half the bale.

FREDERICK WILLETT . I am cheque clerk to the Dock Company, and Ryan is foreman of the wool warehouse—Sinclair is a permanent

labourer, and Bird is an extra labourer—on the 14th of September Evan gave me this order (produced)—it was my duty to see the bales weighed and take the weights, and hand the orders up, for the weights to pass through the books of Company—Ryan simply told me to weigh the bales mentioned in the order, or see them weighed—if for land carriage the foreman would send them out—I saw a cart there—the other order (produced) was also given me by Ryan, and the bales were brought up, and they were weighed in the regular course—none of the labourers have any right to stay there all night, or to touch any of the wool in the packing-room to make up into bales—the wool in the packing-room is used to fill up deficiencies—Ryan is warehouse foreman, not delivery foreman—it was his duty to receive goods coming by land carriage, and see them sent up to me to weigh.

ARCHIBALD ROWAN . I am delivery clerk to the Dock Company—I remember receiving this delivery order of Messrs. Jacomb and Co., and signed it clear for the delivery foreman to deliver by.

MATTHEW BLACKBOROUGH . I am clerk to the Dock Company, and in the course of business received this order (produced), and passed it on to Mr. Potter.

ARTHUR POTTER . I am foreman in the Company's service—I received this order and passed it on to Lowman.

PHILIP LOWMAN . I received the order from the last witness—I packed up the bales described in the order, and found the tickets upon them—these were marked Jacomb and Son's Sale lot 717 A. M. (2, 3, 4)—I issued a pass for them, and delivered them into a van.

GUILTY. Recommended to mercy on account of being tools in the hands of Hammond— Six Months' Imprisonment each.

THIRD COURT.—Friday, October 26th, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-785
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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785. WILLIAM POULTON (22), and THOMAS WILCOX (18) , Feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Eliza Ann Wood, with intent to steal.

MR. GOODMAN conducted the Prosecution; and MR. WARNER SLEIGH appeared for Poulton, and MR. ATHERLEY JONES for Wilcox.

CHARLES BUTCHER (Detective C Division). About twenty minutes to one a.m. on 9th October I was in Jermyn Street—when I got about the second house past Wood's Hotel, which is No. 102, I saw the two prisoners and another man not in custody standing all three together—I went down York Street, and returned in four or five minutes, when I saw they had all shifted—Poulton was against the railings by himself, perhaps thirty-five yards from Wood's Hotel—I watched him for ten minutes, when Cain, another detective officer, came up—Poulton stood facing us on the opposite side, and gave a shrill whistle, loud enough for any one to hear fifty yards off—almost immediately after two men jumped over the rails from Wood's Hotel—Wilcox was one, and the other I have never seen since—there was an area on the other. side of the railings ten or eleven feet deep—Wilcox and the other man walked quietly along Jermya Street, turned up Eagle Place, and when they turned the corner Cain and I ran after them—we lost sight of them—we went into Piccadilly, and could not see them anywhere—Poulton then passed

us into Piccadilly, and we turned and followed him—he turned round Great Windmill Street, and after that we took him into custody—it was perhaps five minutes from the time they left the area railings that we apprehended Poulton—I told him he would be charged with, two others for coming out of Wood's Hotel, Jermyn Street—he said he knew nothing about it—I took him to the station—I then went back to Jermyn Street, and saw Wilcox standing against a post in York Street, about thirty-five yards from Wood's Hotel—I am quite satisfied that the prisoner is the man I previously saw get over the railings—he had a peculiar scarf on, and I noticed him particularly—I asked Wilcox what he was waiting there for—he said he was waiting for a friend—I said "Your friend is at the station in Vine Street"—I then took him to the station, and told him what he would be charged with—I then returned to Wood's Hotel and examined the premises—I rang the bell, and the housekeeper came down, and we went into the area—she undone the inside door with a key and bolts—the chain had been undone—and I then saw the outer door standing open about four inches—a glass had been broken, through which anybody could get at the chain from outside—there was a pair of wooden steps in the area, made on purpose for the area steps—I ascertained they had been laid down in the area, but they were then in their usual place leading up out of the area, so that anybody getting over the railings could slide down, and then put the steps against the wall and get up—I examined the area, and could see somebody had been over the rails and slid down.

Cross-examined by MR. SLEIGH. Poulton gave me his address, and I went to it and found it right—I made inquiries about him—he would not tell me where he worked—the other did—I saw Poulton's mother—she said she did not know where he worked at the present time—I do not know that he worked at the Horse Shoe Hotel as copperman under the cook—it was about forty yards from Jermyn Street, along Piccadilly, that I met Poulton—he whistled; not a tune, I am quite sure—it was not one of the other men that whistled—I thought it was to give the other men notice—when I went down York Street and came back Poulton was standing alone—he had passed me so close that I could not fail to recognise him as the one I had seen in Jermyn Street—he did not run away—Poulton's mother told me before I asked her that he did not leave there till something after 12 o'clock, and thought he had been drinking—she might have said that he had been out and came in after 12 o'clock—she did not say she had blowed him up for coming in late, and that was why he went out again, but that he had been there after 12, been drinking, and gone out again.

Cross-examined by MR. A. JAMES. The prisoners denied all knowledge of each other when brought together—Wilcox gave me a correct address, and the name of his employer, which was also correct—I did not mention about a scarf before the police magistrate—it was a worsted scarf, with two or three colours in it, blue and white, I think, and violet, and the same pin in it as he is wearing now—there was a street-lamp standing close to where we were—the houses are mostly shops there—there were two private houses where Wood's Hotel is and then a box manufacturer's, and then a newspaper shop—I should say I was twenty-five or thirty yards off when Wilcox came over the area railings—the lamp I refer to is attached to the next house to Wood's Hotel, and is, I should say, four

or five yards from where the men leaped over—Regent Street would be crowded at that time of the morning, and the Haymarket, no doubt—they were a long way from the Haymarket—I said before the magistrate we vent after them—I did not see them run—I have never made a mistake as to identity—I never had a case in which a man named Bell was charged with sheep-stealing—I made some inquiry as to Wilcox's family—he was not living with his family, but with people he has lived with since he was a boy—they were very respectable—Poulton's address was Edward Street, Wardour Street, Oxford Street—on the very night of this affair I went up to the address of Wilcox—I found no sign of any house-breaking implements either in the house or on his person.

WILLAM CAIN (Detective C Division). At about 1 o'clock on the morning of the 9th October I saw Butcher in Jermyn Street, at the corner of York Street—in consequence of what he told me I stood there with him for a few minutes—I saw Poulton on the opposite side of the way just against the rails of St. James's Church—after staying there a few minutes he gave a shrill whistle, not very loud—then he crossed over to the corner of York Street, and a few minutes after I saw two men jump out of the area from "Wood's Hotel over the rails—I have no doubt that "Wilcox was one—I followed Wilcox and the other man not in custody, and then lost sight of them up Eagle Place—I returned with Butcher and saw Poulton in Piccadilly—we followed him up Piccadilly—he was about 100 yards from the hotel—Sergeant Butcher stopped him and took Mm to the station.

Cross-examined by MR. A. JONES. I made some inquiry about Wilcox—I found he had a very good character for the eight months he had been with his present employers, Novello the music publishers—I also found he had been formerly in the employ of Woodfall's for two and a half years—he has been out on bail.

JANE GOODALL . I am the book-keeper at Wood's Hotel, Jermyn Street—I put the chain up at about twenty-five minutes or a quarter to one on the morning in question—I left the door open to admit air—when the constable aroused me we went down in the area and found the wooden steps up against the railings—when we went to bed they were lying down the side.

Cross-examined by MR. A. JOKESM. I cannot say how far the street lamp is from where the man got over—I think it is not the next house, but I am not certain.

Poulton's Statement before the Magistrate. "I have been keeping company with a young woman for four years, and last night I was at the Oxford Music Hall, and went to Jermyn Street to meet a young chap who used to work with me—I stopped twenty minutes, and could see nothing of him, and turned to go home, and I was stopped in Great Windmill Street—I told him yes I had been in Jermyn Street—I never saw Wilcox in my life." Wilcox says. " At twenty-five minutes to one I was in Crown Street talking to a friend—I went down St. Martin's with him as far as Palace Yard, and came across St. James's Square—I stopped at a post to get a light—this gentleman came up and asked me what I was doing—I said I was only lighting my pipe, and he took me—I don't know this man or this house."


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-786
VerdictsNot Guilty > unknown; Not Guilty > no evidence

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786. JOHN GRANT (30) , Unlawfully conspiring with one John Draper, not in custody, to rob Robert Johnson of divers of his moneys.

MR. BRINDLEY conducted the Prosecution; and MR. WARNER SLEIGH the Defence.

ROBERT JOHNSON . I live at Lugar, in Ayrshire, and am a surgeon in practice there—on the 16th August I came up to London for a holiday, and on the 24th I went down to Croydon to see the races—when I went on the course Grant, turning to me, asked if I knew the names of the horses walking about—I told him I did not, and immediately afterwards I turned to go away—he came after me and said "I think you are a Scotchman; I am a Scotchman too"—he said "I am here just now for holidays"—he asked me first if I was, and I said "Yes"—he told me his name was Grant—that he belonged to Paisley, his father was a shawl manufacturer there, and that he had a brother in the firm—soon after Draper came up, and Grant turned to me and said "Here is a friend of mine coming who does some betting for me," and he told me he was brother to the great jockey, Cannon—he introduced him to me as "Cannon," and they spoke aside to each other for a minute or two—he turned to go away, and when he had gone eight or ten yards, Grant came after mo and said to him, "You might see what you can do for my friend here"—he turned round and held up his hand and said "All right"—I went on—I turned round to Grant and said "I didn't come here to bet; I am not going to bet at all, I know nothing about it"—a short time afterwards Draper came back, put a ticket for a bet made in the hand of Grant, and handed one to me—I said I didn't authorise him to make any bets for me and refused to take the ticket at first—Draper said "Oh, I understood I was to make a bet for you"—I objected again, and Grant said "Oh, it is all right"—Draper said, when I objected to pay the money, "Oh, but I have paid the money for you"—I think it was 2l.—that having been represented to me, although I had not authorised him to do so, I gave him the money—Draper then went away—I thought I was in duty bound to pay the money—I took them to be gentlemen—Draper came back—I think it was after a race was run—he said there had been a bet on, and that I had won 6l. 10s.—I thought he was going to hand me the money, but he said "I have made another bet for 10l."—I objected again, and Grant said "It is all right"—I was asked for more money—I had only a 5l. note in my pocket at the time, and I was induced to give it him—Draper said I was owing him something for what he had paid for me, I cannot tell how much—the next time he came running back after the next race, and said "Oh, I have lost you 10l.," but before the race finished he had made another bet for me, whereby I had won 40l.—he said he had risked 20l., but won 40l.—I said "I am not going to have any more of this"—I told him I wished to get away—when they saw I was anxious to get away one of them said he would go and see if he could find the bookmaker, and let him come out and see if he could make arrangements for me to go away—he represented that I had won some money—Draper went over to where the crowd was, and came back and said "The bookmaker will be here after the next race to see you"—he went away again and left Grant and myself together, and came back and said that he had backed a horse for 15l. for me—I think I got a ticket twice—it seemed just like a visiting card, with a man's name on it—I objected again to the man betting on

my account—Grant said "Oh, it is all right, you have won more money than you can possibly lose"—the bookmaker was a man rather under the medium height, well built—he came out shortly after the race was run in which they said they had lost 15l. for me—I had one of the racing cards in my hand, and Grant told me to give him my card, and asked for the loan of my pencil, and reckoned up on my card the amount they said they had lost for me, and the amount they said I had won—they said they had lost altogether 35l., exclusive of the 7l. I had given them, and they had won for me 60l.—I said "That being so, you should hand to me 25l."—they were all speaking together—they said that the money I had lost would have to be paid before the money won would be given—I said it was a very strange proceeding; I was going away, and must make some arrangement, and the bookmaker made arrangements with the two others to meet at the Cannon Street Hotel at, I think, about 7 or 7.30 o'clock—they said they would go with me, which they did, and we went out of the racecourse on to Norwood Junction to Victoria, from Victoria to Kennington Park, and then they stopped at a public-house there till I went to my lodgings—I got my pocket-book, and found I had 27l. in it in notes and gold—I went back to the public-house, and found them standing outside—the cab was kept—we drove from there to a place where Grant said he stayed, some hotel in Aldersgate—he got out, and said he would be away for a few minutes; he would go to his hotel for Mb money—he was away about two minutes or so, and when he came back he had in his hand what looked like a bank-note—I did not see the face of it; it was folded up, and what appeared to be some sovereigns on the top—he said he was sorry, he found he had not so much money as he thought; that he would not be able to pay all the money he had lost, but he gave it to Cannon, saying to him "I will give you my money, and you can arrange with, the bookmaker; "and turning to me he said "You had better give him your money also," and I handed the 27l. to him—we were driving to Cannon Street—I might mention that on getting into the cab before that Cannon began speaking to me about his kinship—he told me he knew very little about London; that he was only in London occasionally—we then drove near to Cannon Street Hotel—we had to go down some street to get to it—I went with the prisoner and Draper into the station, on the platform, where we found the young man represented to be the bookmaker—Cannon and he went apart and spoke to one another, and Grant remained with me—after they had spoken aside for a time, they came and said to me ""We will go round to the private bar and we will arrange the matter there"—the bookmaker and Draper went first—Grant kept beside me, and we followed a few yards behind—when we got in, Draper and the bookmaker went to the far side of the private bar and had some conversation there; and Grant remained the other side speaking to me—after they had spoken for a minute or so, they came across, and the bookmaker addressing me said he was sorry that all the money was not forthcoming, but that Mr. Cannon (Draper) had promised to get the rest of the money by the morning, and if we all met at 9 o'clock the next morning at the same place they would pay the money that was alleged to have been won—the bookmaker immediately went out, and I, turning to the other two, said "Well, I have not got any money"—Grant asked Draper if he could not give me some—he said he had got some silver, and he took some silver out of his

pocket and held it out in his hand—I said I had nothing to take me home, so I took a florin—that was outside the station—about two minutes afterwards we left the place, and I went one way and they went another—before separating, however, Draper said to me "We had better be here at a quarter to nine in the morning"—I got there at half-past eight the next morning, and stayed till half-past nine—I never saw any of them—I then called at all the hotels in Aldersgate, and gave information to the police—on the afternoon of the 27th August I was walking down the Strand, near Charing Cross Railway station, when I met Grant and Draper with a stranger—when Draper saw me he turned round as if to move away, and I went up and said to him "What have you done with my money?"—"Oh," he said, "you have not kept your appointment"—"Oh yes," I said, I had, but they had not—"Oh," they said, "all right, no fear of that"—I said it was not all right, and that I believed they were a couple of swindlers—then they got indignant, and said they had no time to wait, and Draper began to run, and Grant was going to likewise—I collared him, and called for a policeman who was on the opposite side of the way, and gave him into custody—Draper had walked off quickly—I pointed him out to the policeman, and said "I give that man in charge too"—he told me to go after him, as he saw a policeman a little farther on—I went after him, and saw him go into the post-office—I went in, he turned to go out; I followed him out, and at the door I gave him in charge—they were both taken to the station—I have not seen any of my money since.

Cross-examined. I should think I had not been on the race-course more than a quarter of an hour when I met Grant—I could not say whether he was alone or not at first—there were a number of people standing about looking on—he was not in company with any one; he was alone—I told him I did not know anything about betting—I was fond of seeing races—I think I have been to the races twice during the last twelve years—I did not hear Cannon come up and advise Grant to back a horse called "Wild Suffolk Lad"—I was cross-examined at the Mansion House—I swear I never heard the name of "Suffolk Lad"—Grant gave Cannon some money in my presence, shortly after Cannon came up to him—he went away with that before anything was said about my betting—Grant called out to Cannon and said "You had better do something for my friend here"—I did not give him 2l. on that race to back some horse—I swear I did not bet on any races at all—I gave money twice—there were only three races run all the time I was there—we went before the last race—I cannot tell you whether Cat's-eye ran in that race—I gave 2l. or 3l. on the first race—Cannon was introduced to me as "Mr. Cannon" when he came up first of all to speak to Grant—the first introdution about the betting was Grant saying to Cannon "You had better put something on for my friend"—I did not give him money to back any horses whatever—I gave him money because he came to me representing that the money had been paid away by him on my account, through a misunderstanding between him and Grant—I thought, although I had not commissioned him to do anything, it would be very dishonourable for me to let the man lose the money on my account—I said "I have not come down to the course for the purpose of betting"—Cannon handed a ticket to me—he took it back—he did not go and make another bet on the same race, or on a place bet he did not give me a second ticket on the first race and say he had laid 3

to 2 for the first and second place both for Grant and me—he gave me a second ticket about a second race, I cannot say whether to win or for a place—the bets were not written down by the bookmaker with my pencil at the Cannon Street Hotel, and I do not recollect that they were written down by him at all—I recollect a horse of the name of Lost Sheep—I do not recollect a horse named Meredith—I did not ask Grant whether he was sure Cannon would come back with the money for the first race—Cannon did not come back after the first race and say "I drew your money and laid it out on another horse called Meredith with 8l. more"—he said he had made another bet, but I couldn't say on what horse—I am not aware that he said he had taken 50 to 10 to win, and 10 to 3 for a place with regard to that horse—he told me had backed another horse for 10l.—that is all I remember—I think he mentioned about 8l. that I should have to give him—I cannot say the exact amount—I did not say I had only two sovereigns left—I swear that I had a 5l. note left after I gave him the first 2l.—I had 27l. at home and my lodgings—I did not tell Cannon that if he trusted me with 8l. I had money at home and it—would be all right—I was told the horse lost the race on which the 10l. was put on for me—I didn't know anything about it—I was told I had 15l. on Lost Sheep—I had no ticket given me for it—Grant did not put it down on the race card at that time—it was put down, but I could not understand how much I had lost and won—I was told that the race was lost by Lost Sheep—I said I was a "lost sheep" when I was leaving the course—I was told I had won 40l. at one time—I did not say that I objected to winning 40l.—I had shrewd suspicions at the time that I had been swindled—I had repudiated the bets all along—I did not repudiate tie bet when I was told I had won 40l.—we all left—Grant left the cab and went away for the purpose of getting some money—the bookmaker was not with us in the cab—Grant came back and said he had not sufficient money, but I cannot remember the amount he said—he did not say he was willing to hand over his 14l. to Cannon—I swear that" he handed over some money, but I cannot say how much—he had what appeared to be paper money—I believe he said something to Cannon about it being all he had got, and that he would make it up the nest morning—I recollect the next morning was the 25th August—I recollect the bookmaker said at the Cannon Street Hotel that he should be there in the morning, but at all events he should be on the racecourse—a part of the next morning was wet—it was raining in the morning when I went to Cannon Street Hotel; not pouring in torrents—it was not a day I should enjoy being on Croydon race-course—I went to Croydon to see if Grant or Cannon were there—I said that at the police-court—Cannon said when I met him that I had not kept my appointment—he did not say I ought—to have waited till ten—I left Charing Cross for the race-course on the 25th by about one o'clock.

JOHN BUSHELL (Policeman 294 E). I was on duty on the 27th August outside Charing Cross station when the last witness pointed out to me a man named Draper outside the post-office and gave him into my custody—I took him to the station and saw him searched—he had on him 5l." in gold, 2s. in silver, and 7d. in bronze, jockey passes for the grand stand, a duplicate for a gold watch pawned for 5l., a dummy watch and a metal chain—he was bailed out subsequently.

ALEXANDER HCTCHINSON (Policeman 328 E). I was on duty in the

Strand on the 27th August when I saw the prosecutor, who called my attention to Grant and Draper, and said "These men have swindled me out of 27l.," and I took hold of Grant and the other walked away—they were afterwards charged at the station—Grant said horse-racing was a thing he did not understand, and he lost more money than the prosecutor did—a gold watch and chain were found on Grant, together with 12s. in silver and 5d. in bronze.


There was another indictment against the prisoner for larceny, upon which no evidence was offered.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-787
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

787. HILTON P. BARRAUD () and JAMES HENEY J. CRUIKSHANK (), Obtaining by means of false pretences from Jules Huesschen an order for payment of 6,250 francs. No evidence.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-788
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty; Not Guilty > unknown; Not Guilty > no evidence
SentencesImprisonment; Imprisonment

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788. WILLIAM FRANCE (18) , Stealing 36 rabbit skins of the goods of Joseph Coulden and another his masters, and FREDERICK WILLIAM CAIN (18) and ELIZABETH SHENSTONE receiving the same knowing them to be stolen.



GEORGE WESTWOOD (City Detective). On the 11th inst. I went, in company with constables Osborne and Maroni and Mr. Coulden, the prosecutor, to Shenstone's shop, 83, Goswell Road—I went in alone—I should call it an ordinary manufacturing fur-shop—I saw Mrs. Shenstone there, and afterwards the others came in—I said to Cain, in the presence of Shenstone, "Is this the person to whom you" sold the skins?"—he said "Yes"—I then said to Shenstone "Have you bought any skins of this lad?"—she said "Yes"—I said "How many?"—she said "It might be two or three dozen"—I said "How much did you give for them?"—she said "1s. each"—she pointed to a shelf in the shop, and a person in the shop fetched down a large quantity of prepared skins, some of these (produced)—she and her son sorted out three dozen—she said "There they are; I don't know whether they are all Mr. Coulden's"—I then said "Do you know this lad?" (pointing to Cain)—she said "No"—I afterwards said "Don't you know what he is?"—she said "No; a furrier, I thought," or "I think," I won't be sure which—I said "Have you bought any more?"—she said "No"—I said "I want two dozen and nine more"—she said "I have not bought any more"—I said "We are going to take these away (Referring to the three dozen skins), and you will be charged with receiving them knowing them to be stolen"—she said "Oh, the vagabond! I wish I had never seen them"—she said to Mr. Coulden "How many are there, how much are they?"—he said "I cannot have anything to do with it"—she then went to the back of the shop with the other officer, Osborne—I afterwards searched the shop, and brought away another ten dozen skins similar to these.

Cross-examined. I should think Shenstone went to the back of the shop with Osborne to put her shawl and bonnet on, and to see that she did not run away—they were out of my sight—I have no idea whether they were alone together—it was she who mentioned Mr. Coulden's name—I had not mentioned it, I am quite sure—Mr. Coulden was in the shop all the time.

WM. OSBOENE (City Detective). About three o'clock on the 11th October I went with detectives Maroni and Westwood to the warehouse of Messrs. Coulden and Son, 44, Gresham Street, where we saw the prisoner France—I took him into custody, and he was conveyed with Cain to the police station—from information we received from France and Cain, Westwood, Maroni, and myself went to Shenstone's shop in the Goswell Road on the same day, the 11th—she expressed a wish to go to the back yard, and I went with her—she went for a certain purpose, and then washed her hands—she said "I am sorry I bought them, bat you know what it is when things like that are offered by a boy; it is a great temptation, and you want to get them as cheap as you can, I suppose it is only a leaden penalty," which expression was accompanied by her putting her hand under her apron and rattling something like money—at that time one of the G Division Metropolitan Police came into the shop—we had sent for him—we generally make it a practice of doing so—Shenstone said "What does that policeman want"—I said "You have denied buying any more skins—I believe you have two dozen and nine more, and we are going to search the place for them"—her son then came to her, and she pointed to a shelf and said "You will find them there"—and there was a number produced from the shelf—Mrs. Shenstone and her son selected two dozen and nine—she said she thought they were them, and pointed to the lad Cain, and said she gave a shilling each for them, the same as she did for the others—she was then taken to the station and the charge read over to her—she said "I admit buying the five dozen and nine of the boy, but those are mine," pointing to a bundle of ten dozen.

Cross-examined. That bundle is here—what I have related was her own statement without any questions from me—there was a remand in the case—I was examined on the first occasion, and gave part of my evidence, not the whole, because it was taken by the Court to affect each prisoner—I gave evidence, and Mr. Vesey informed the Court that he should have to recall me—I gave evidence against Mrs. Shenstone on the second occasion—she was in the dock on the first occasion, and my giving evidence against her was, with Mr. Wontner's concurrence, left till the next remand—I do not mean that I suppressed or kept back evidence with Mr. Wontner's concurrence—I did not say on the first occasion anything about Shenstone going into the back premises, but I was prepared to say it—it was a very busy day at Guildhall—Mr. Pratt opened the case, and I gave evidence, and left the box without saying a word about this supposed conversation—I said I had other evidence to give personally—I spoke of the apprehension of Cain, and what he said in answer to the charge; and I was then about to commence about Mrs. Shenstone, when Mr. Pratt said to Mr. Martin there was evidence, but proposed to take the next fitness, and Mr. Martin, the Chief Clerk, concurred—she was taken into custody by Westwood.

Re-examined. The first evidence I gave was only in reference to Cain and France—the other two officers, Westwood and Maroni, gave their evidence upon the first occasion—Mr. Pratt was the solicitor for the prosecution at that time—he said in open Court before the Alderman that Osborne would give further evidence with respect to Mrs. Shenstone, and

the Chief Clerk consulted with the Alderman, and they thought there was sufficient evidence for a remand.

JOSEPH COULDEN . I am a furrier, carrying on business at 44, Gresham street, in partnership with my son—France was in my employ as a porter—I went with him to the house of Mrs. Shenstone, in the Goswell Road, on the 11th October—she has never been a customer of mine—the three dozen skins found at her house are my property—their value is 30s. per dozen, 2s. 6d. each, wholesale price—I also identify the two dozen and nine skins as my property—they are of the same value—I had last seen all those skins in my warehouse—France had no authority whatever to remove them—I deal very largely in this business, especially in this article—this particular parcel was 1,500 dozen—we never sell skins.

STEPHEN MARONI (Detective G Division). On the 11th October I went to a warehouse in Charterhouse Buildings where Cain was employed, and took him into custody, and in consequence of information received I went with the other officers to Mrs. Shenstone's shop.

SHENSTONE received a good character.


The other two prisoners were recommended to mercy. FRANCE— Fifteen Months' Imprisonment. CAIN— Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

There was another indictment against the prisoners on which no evidence was offered.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-789
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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789. JAMES ROSE (27) , Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of George Hearn, and stealing therein 9s., a pencil-case, six postage stamps, six receipt labels, and other articles, his property.

MR. PURCELL conducted the Prosecution; and MR. FULTON the Defence.

FREDERICK LEICESTER (Policeman E 121). I was in Gray's Inn Road on 28th September at about 2.15 a.m., about four yards from No. 347, and saw the prisoner chuck the grating back and come up out of it, and run away—I was near enough for him to see me—I was in uniform—I followed him, and came up with him in about 100 yards, and laid hold of him—he struck me with a jemmy across the helmet, got out of my hands, and tried to get over a fence of the Great Northern Railway—I never lost sight of him—I got him down, and he bit my arm—I took the jemmy from him, and placed it in my coat pocket—I could not have mistaken a jemmy for an umbrella—I have not the jemmy now—I called out for assistance, and two porters and two or three other men came up—he said he had been quarrelling with, a young woman, that she hit him in the mouth, and he hit her and then ran away—I found on him 7s., some bronze, a key, a knife, a silver match-box, and an almanac.

Cross-examined. I was standing on the kerb when I saw the man get out of the grating on the same side of the road, about four yards off—the pavement is quite four yards wide—it was rather a misty night—a cabman was outside on the pavement, close to the place where the prisoner came out—he is not here, he gave no evidence at Bow Street—I think he was nearer the prisoner than I—another man was standing farther off, but in the road—the cabman was trying to get into his own house—I believe he saw the prisoner—I have been to the place again, and find It is not more than 100 yards that I ran—I kept him in sight all the time, in spite of the mist—I might have seen farther than ten yards—I think I should have seen him fifteen yards off—I was never as much as fifteen yards from him—I am positive it was a jemmy he hit me with, because

I bad it in my hand, and put it in my pocket, and what became of it I don't know—he did not say "What are you stopping me for?"—the key is not such as you generally find on persons breaking into a house.

GILBERT MAUNDER . I live at 18, College Street, Camden Town, and am a signalman on the Metropolitan Railway—I was at the corner of St. Pancras Road—a constable called for assistance—he was struggling with the prisoner over a jemmy—I know what a jemmy is—the constable put it in his pocket—my mate came up at that time—somebody eke came up as if to assist the police, and the prisoner handed him something, and he asked the prisoner if he had got the hammer and chisel—I cannot say what became of the jemmy after the constable took it—the man came behind the constable, I am certain—at the station I heard the prisoner say that he had been quarrelling with a young woman, and she hit him, and he hit him, and had run away.

Cross-examined. I was with Butcher—we assisted to take the prisoner in custody, but not the other man, we had quite enough to hold the prisoner—we were intent on keeping him—I spoke of the hammer and chisel before the magistrate, and I said that I saw the jemmy—I have seen dozens—we use them sometimes—it was rather a foggy night—I should not mistake an umbrella for a jemmy.

JOSEPH BUTCHER . I am employed on the Metropolitan Railway, and was with Maunder—I have heard his evidence—it is right.

Cross-examined. I was not the third man who was standing by—I was assisting the others—I heard some conversation about what I took to be a chisel and hammer—we did not secure the other man, because we were occupied in holding the prisoner—he was rather slippery—I saw the constable take the jemmy from him and put it in his coat pocket—I did not take it out of his pocket—I know a jemmy when I see one—the man was behind the constable for about a minute—it was a scuffle.

GEORGE HEARN . I am a grocer, of 347, Gray's Inn Road—I was called up about a quarter past two on the morning of the 28th—I went down, examined the house, and found the top lock of the shop door picked, and the bottom lock forced—it could have been forced by a jemmy—the top lock had to be repaired—everything was in disorder—a cab-mau's carriage candle was on the counter, warm, just having been put out—the till was picked to pieces—my desk was forced open, and 7s. Taken from it, 2s. 6d. in bronze, and a gold pencil case—the grating is ordinarily fastened by a chain from the inside-a person getting in at the door could come out at the grating.

Cross-examined. The front door leading into the street was broken open, and anybody could get in or out—it had been locked so as to lock the cabman out, who had been trying to get into my house, and the cellar door had been forced to enable the prisoner to get up into the street—I think two were engaged, as the candles are peculiar, and would want another person to hold them—I count my money every night—I was disturbed by a noise—the cabman's wife knocked me up—they live on the top floor.

GUILTY *— Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-790
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty; Guilty > unknown

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790. WILLIAM LLOYD (19) and THOMAS BROWN (21) , Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Richard John Coltman, and stealing therein twenty-four cigars and other articles his goods.


MR. PURCELL conducted the Prosecution.

SAMUEL NEWMAN . I am in the service of Mr. Coltman, who keeps the Old George public-house, Bethnal Green Road—when I went to bed at about 1.30 a.m. on 21st September everything was all right—I left in the bar 2l. in silver, 4s. in copper, and 2l. 15s. in coppers sealed up in 5s. packets, and some cigars—at five o'clock I was called up, went downstairs, and missed all the money and the cigars, some grocery, 10s. in small money in a purse, a pair of shoes, nearly new, and a newspaper, which were on the sofa the night before—I found two pairs of old shoes in the yard, which were not there the night before, and I missed one pair of shoes of another man's—these are my boots (produced)—I saw them on the prisoner's feet at the station—there were four tiles off the back kitchen, which is a lower roof, and that would give access from one room to another—I gave information to the police.

ALFRED DYKE (Policeman K 343). At about 2.30 on the morning in question I was in Blyth Street, at the top of which is the prosecutor's house—I saw the two prisoners go from 47, Blyth Street, in the direction of the George public-house—I was about four yards from them then—I saw them again about three-quarters of an hour afterwards, coming from the George public-house to 47, Blyth Street, where they lived—I asked them what they were doing at that time in the morning—Brown said "We are late"—about five o'clock prosecutor made a communication to me, and I went to 47, Blyth Street with another constable—the landlord called the prisoners, and they came down—Brown was wearing these boots, and Lloyd these others (produced)—I asked Brown where he got his boots from—he said "I bought them this morning"—I asked Lloyd where he got his—he said that he bought them three weeks ago—I took them to the station, and on Brown I found 10s. in silver, and 14 1/2 d. in bronze—on Lloyd four postage cards, a cigar case, three cigars, and a key (produced).

SAMUEL NEWMAN (re-examined). All these articles are mine but the postcards.

JAMES GULLIVER (Policeman K 9). I went to 47, Blyth Street with Dyke, and saw the prisoners wearing the boots—I went up to their room—Brown wanted to go up; I prevented him—under the bed I found 30s. in silver tied up in a piece of old flannel—they lodge in that house, and occupy the same room—Brown's sister lives in the same house—I searched the two bedrooms all 'over—I found no rolls of copper coin—I watched the house from 6 till about 7.30, and then searched.

Brown's Defence. This is the first time I have ever done anything '—I have a very good character, and want to get some work when I get out of this.

BROWN— GUILTY Six Months' Imprisonment each.

FOURTH COURT.—Friday, 26th October, 1877.

Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-791
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceNo Punishment > sentence respited

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791. JOHN LENTWYLER (20) PLEADED GUILTY to breaking and entering the house of James Noad and stealing two candlesticks, a pair of opera glasses, and other goods his property.— Judgment Respited. (See half-yearly Index.)

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-792
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown; Guilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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792. WILLIAM WALLACE (19) and JAMES WALLACE (25) , Stealing four pieces of paper of Augustus May Soule, the master of William Wallace. Second count—receiving.

MR. MEAD and MR. D. METCALFE conducted the Prosecution.

AUGUSTUS MAY SOULE . I am a broker, of 8, Union Court, Great Broad Street—William Wallace was in my employ about twelve months—he left on 14th September—on the 17th I missed four cheques and the counterfoils—these cheques for 5l. 5s., 10l., and 10l. are three of them—the signature is "F. Horn and Co."—I did business with that firm—William Wallace's duty was to send out the weekly circulars—I do not know the other prisoner.

Cross-examined by WILLIAM WALLACE. You had other opportunities of stealing my cheques—you bore a good character.

Cross-examined by James Wallace. You described my office accurately at Guildhall—I did not always leave my cheque-book out.

Re-examined. The office is not left unattended.

FREDERICK CASELEY . I am employed in Mr. Soule's office—the prisoner William left on 14th Sept. in the afternoon without permission, and returned about 4.45—he did not come the next day.

Cross-examined by WILLIAM WALLACE. You frequently came late on a Saturday.

ELLEN SLOMAN . I keep the Ship Hotel, Woolwich—on 14th Sept. I found the prisoners at my bar—James said "How do you do, Mrs. Sloman; do you remember me?"—I said "I remember you of the 5th"—he said "I have left the 5th," and showed me a parchment—I did not read it, but gave it back—he then asked me to cash this cheque for 5l. 5s.—I said I had sent my money to the bank and could not do it—I subsequently gave him 3l. and promised him the remainder—he wrote" James Watson" on the cheque—the other prisoner was near him—James said "This is my brother."

Cross-examined by JAMES WALLACE. I have known you as a customer—I employ no one named "Emma"—you were not skylarking with the barmaid—I did not know what you were.

JOHN FAULKNER . I am a printer of Woolwich—I was at this bar and saw the prisoners—Mrs. Sloman showed me a cheque for 5l.—William sat on a table—they asked me to drink—William paid for it.

WILLIAM EDWARD WILSON HAWES . I am a clerk in Barclay, Bevan, and Co's. bank in Lombard Street—this cheque for 5l. 5s. came out of this cheque book—we have no customer named Horn and Co.

DENIS BLANG CAZAUX . I am a member of the firm of F. Horn and Co., of Philpot Lane—we receive weekly market reports from Soule and Co.—these cheques are not signed by our firm or by my authority—we do not bank there.

Cross-examined by JAMES WALLACE. The name "Horn and Co." is in the Directory.

HENRY HANDALL (City Detective). I obtained a warrant against the prisoners on the 28th Sept., and with Detective Trafford apprehended them for stealing cheques and for forgery—James said "I stole the cheques and filled them up, William does not know anything about it"—William said nothing—James afterwards said "I made a mess of the fourth cheque and I burnt it"—I found nothing on them.

Cross-examined by JAMES WALLACE. You wore performing at a theatre—the name of Wallace was on the hill.


JAMES WALLACE— GUILTY .* He also PLEADED GUILTY to having been convicted of felony at this Court in January, 1874— Seven Years' Penal Servitude.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-793
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude

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793. ROBERT ASTON (28) , Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Cramer, with intent to steal.

MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution; and MR. THORNE COLE the Defence.

ALFRED POTTER (Policeman X 383). On the 22nd Sept. I was in Sheldon Street, Bishop's Road—I saw the prisoner and two men go to the front entranco of the Prince of Wales public-house at the corner of Bishop's Road—I was about thirteen yards off—they raised the shutter and the prisoner got in; the shutter was then shut down by the two remaining men, who stood with their backs towards it—one came towards me and I took him into custody, but some companions rescued him—I went back to the Prince of Wales Hotel and found the shutter open about a foot—I raised it and wont in, and found the prisoner inside at the right-hand side in front of the bar—I asked him what he was doing there—he said "Nothing"—we struggled—I succeeded in getting him down when he was partly in the street—I searched him at the station and found three keys, a penny, and a halfpenny—on examining the shutter I found the stone so much worn that there is room to get one's hand in and raise it.

Cross-examined by MR. COLE. The time was about 1.15—the house is closed at twelve—I found no skeleton keys or jemmy on the prisoner or in the house—the shutters are revolving shutters and easily moved—I do not know of anything having been removed from the premises.

GEORGE TAYLOR . I am manager to Thomas Cramer, of the Prince of Wales Tavern in Eastbourne Terrace—I saw the house shut up on the 22nd, and the shutter put down—I was the last person up—I cannot say whether there was a catch to the shutter then—there is now—any one pulling up the shutter could get into the bar.

GUILTY .* He also PLEADED GUILTY to a conviction of felony at Clerkenwell in January, 1867, in the name of William Jennings — Seven Years' Penal Servitude.

OLD COURT.—Saturday, October 27, 1877.

Before Mr. Common Serjeant.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-794
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty; Not Guilty > unknown

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794. GEORGE STEWART (21), and WALTER ELLIS (22) , Stealing two books, the property of John Miles, the master of Stewart, to which Stewart


MR. STRAIGHT and MR. AUSTIN METCALFE conducted the Prosecution; MR. FULTON defended Ellis.

CHARLES TORRY . I am in the employ of John Miles, who trades as Hamilton, Adams, and Co., at 3, Paternoster Row—Stewart was their porter—on 8th October, about one o'clock, I was in the packing room, and saw Stewart at the end of the counter near the door, rolling up his bag—I could see that, it contained something—ho put it outside and left—I called Foale and Drummond, and was examined the bag and found two volumes of "Curtis's Greek Etymology"—that book was in stock—

the books were placed back in the bag in the same position—I communicated with my employers, and when I returned the bag was gone.

ROBERT FOALE . I am a clerk in the same firm—on 8th October Tony spoke to me, and I found two books in a bag—I cannot say whether these are them—I put it back, and Mr. Drummond watched it.

THOMAS DRUMMOND . I am a clerk to the same firm—I saw Mr. Torry examine the bag—I watched it, and saw Stewart stand opposite it about two minutes—I then went to my desk, and heard him go out—I then, looked, and the bug was gone—he was away ten or fifteen minutes, long enough to go to Messrs. Ascher's, but not long enough to go there and back—I then saw him pass through the room; he had nothing in his hands then.

JOHN CRUNDELL . I am in the service of Messrs. Ascher, publishers, of Bedford Street, Covent Garden—Ellis was their collector—Stewart was in their employ some time ago, but not at the same time as Ellis—this is Eliis's collecting-book—here is an entry in it: "8th October, Curtis's Principles of Greek Etymology, 2 vols. price 30s., 1l. 2s. 6d."—that 1l. 2s. 6d. is in Eliis's writing; he put it down after he took the books—I had given him—5l. or 10l. to buy books that day—11s. 6d. was not a proper price to pay for those two books, 1l. 2s. 6d. was the price—I saw aim when he came back, and he charged 1l. 2s. 6d. for them.

Cross-examined. Messrs. Ascher have not prosecuted him for embezzling the money—they made no complaint—they had every satisfaction from him while in their employment—from 5l. to 30l. passed through his hands every day—lie had ten years' character when he came—he was allowed to go to any house in Paternoster Row for books.

JAMES AUSTIN (City Policeman 261). On 11th October I went to Messrs. Ascher and Co., 13, Bedford Street, Strand—I had a conversation with Mr. Ascher, and afterwards saw Ellis—I told him I should take him in custody for feloniously receiving two volumes of "Curtis's Greek Etymology" from the warehouse of Adams and Co., 32, Paternoster Row—he said "I bought the books, but did not know they were stolen"—I took him to the station, and found 9d. on him—going to the police court next morning he said "I bought the books of George Stewart, and paid 11s. 3d. for them, which was half the value"—he repeated that he did not know they were stolen.

ELLIS received a pod character NOT GUILTY .

STEWART recommended to mercy by the Jury— Three Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-795
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

795. WALTER ELLIS was again indicted for stealing 1l. 2s. 6d. of Messrs. Ascher and Co., his masters; upon which MR. A. METCALFE offered no evidence.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-796
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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796. EMILY MOORE , Stealing one watch of Charles Tatton from his person.

MR. FULTON conducted the Prosecution; and MR. COOTE the Defence.

CHARLES TATTON . I keep the King's Arms, Bishopsgate Street—on 19th September, at 12.15, I was closing my house—there is another compartment facing Acorn Street, in which there were three men and three women—the prisoner is one of the women—I opened the door and said "This way out, please"—the throe men passed me, and one of the women, the second woman, made a rude remark, and I told her to pass on—the prisoner then laid hold of my whiskers—I told her to keep her

hands off and go out, but she pushed me against two of the men who wore standing at the door—I put my hand on my watch, which was inside my pocket, but the men laid hold of my arm and forced it away—the prisoner then snatched my watch from my pocket, which was fastened to a chain—I put my other hand on hers, and felt my watch there, but could not take it from her, and it was passed to one of the others—I called out "My watch is gone"—they tried to force the prisoner from me, and by pulling her pulled me out into the street—a scuffle took place, and they forced her from me—I followed her, and the potman caught her running about forty yards off—I took her back and gave her in custody—the bow of the watch was then picked up in the bar—the men left a hat and an umbrella behind them outside the house.

Cross-examined. The gas was turned down but not put out—I lad taken a glass or two, and I had had two bottles of soda-water at different places—I took another woman, who was at the station-house door, into the station, and told her I thought she belonged to the party, but when I came to look at her I did not charge her—the Alderman at Guildhall said that she ought to have been detained, as she might have had the watch, or something of that sort.

ARTHUR BARTON (City Policeman 889). About a quarter to one on the morning of 19th September Mr. Tatton spoke to me, and I went into one of the compartments and found the bow of a watch (produced).

Cross-examined. The prosecutor says that it is his—it is hall-marked.

JOHN MINES . I am the prosecutor's potman—I asked some people to leave the compartment about 12.30, but they did not, and my master went to them—I saw him dragged into the street, holding the prisoner—I heard him say that he had lost his watch—I ran for a policeman, and as 1 came back I saw the prisoner running and stopped her—my master gave her in charge.

CHARLES KING (City Policeman 933). I took the prisoner—the charge was read to her at the station, and she said "I know nothing about the watch—I never had it."

GUILTY . She was further charged with a previous conviction of a like offence in Jane, 1876, to which she

PLEADED GUILTYEighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-797
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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797. EUGENE JOHNSON , Stealing 18s. 7d., the moneys of the churchwardens of St. Ann's Church, "Westminster, and afterwards breaking out of the church.

MR. GILL conducted the Prosecution.

RICHARD WILEY (Policeman C 250). On Saturday morning, 22nd September, I was in Dean Street, and saw the prisoner come out of St. Ann's Church, close the door after him, and walk away—I followed him and he ran—I ran after him—he got twenty yards in advance of me—I sprang my rattle, and another constable came towards me—before I got up to the prisoner he threw away this piece of steel (produced)—I took him in custody, and at the station he tried to throw away this other piece of steel—both pieces have some sticky substance still attached to them—he said that he picked the steel up on the church steps—I found on him six florins, six shillings, a sixpence, and two halfpence—they have a sticky substance on them, and have evidently been wiped with this duster, which I found on him.

SAMUEL WEBB . I am churchwarden of St. Ann's, Westminster—several weeks before September 22nd I opened the money-boxes in the church and found some sticky stuff where the money is put in, and the slits were very much marked—there was also a good deal of sticky stuff adhering to the bottoms of the boxes—here is a specimen of it (produced)—on the morning of the 22nd I went with the policeman and unlocked all the boxes—the prisoner had then been taken to the station.

Cross-examined by the Prisoner. It is impossible to say how much money had been in the boxes.

Prisoner's Defence. I was not coming out of the church—I was on the steps, and I passed the policeman—he examined the church and found the door open—I had no keys and no tools to break in or break out—the doors must have been left open—they were both open right and left.

SAMUEL WEBB (re-examined). This was Saturday morning—unfortunately the church had been left open—there had been a choir practice over night at 10 or 10.30, and whether the prisoner got in then and concealed himself I cannot say, but it was palpably plain that the boxes had been tampered with.

GUILTY Six Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-798
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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798. THOMAS SMITH (24) , Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Walker, and stealing therein two sheets and two pillow-cases, his property.

MR. PUKCELL conducted the Prosecution.

HENRY FEAT (Policeman G 325). On 9th October, shortly before twelve o'clock, I saw two men in Compton Street loitering by a low wall—I crossed the road and watched them, and saw a bundle fall over the wall, and a man came down and ran away, and then the prisoner came over the wall—I stopped him and took him to a house which is at the end of the wall, and some persons came out and said that they had seen them loitering about—I took the prisoner in custody—he struggled—the bundle contained two sheets and two pillow-cases.

ALFRED GILLHAM (Policeman G 11). I examined this wall—it is seven feet high—there were marks where a person had got over—there is a closet at the back of a public-house which joins a window, one of the panes of which was broken, and the sash was hanging by the cord—it is an empty beerhouse—I went upstairs and saw two small ladders, one on the ceiling and one on the roof—I got on the roof and saw that some person had gone over several tiles and slid down—the outer skylight had been taken off and the inner one broken, and a trap-door in the ceiling removed, so that access could be got to the landing.

HARRIET WALKER . I live with my husband at 57, Northampton street, Clerkenwell—on" 9th October, a little after ten p.m., I heard glass break and called my husband—I went downstairs—I did not feel satisfied, but I went to bed about eleven o'clock—I was afterwards called by the police, and heard people on the roof calling out "Hold him tight"—I found the trap-door open—I had left these sheets hanging on the landing.

The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate'. I was coming down Compton Street, and saw the things lying, and was going to pick them up when the constable seized me—I was never on the house or wall, or in the beershop—I have been in it when it was open, but not since.

Prisoner's Defence. I picked up the bundle, and the policeman came round the corner and seized me, and tore my shirt—I asked him before

the magistrate if he saw me come over the wall, and he said "No"—the magistrate told him to be very careful, and then he said that he did see me come over.

The prisoner received a good character.

GUILTY Nine Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-799
VerdictGuilty > unknown
SentenceImprisonment > penal servitude; Imprisonment

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799. HENRY INGRAM (44), and ELIZA JOHNSON (34) , Stealing fifty-seven yards of silk-bordered regina, of William Bond Skerton. Second count—receiving the same.

MR. GOODMAN conducted the Prosecution; MR. AUSTIN METCALFE appeared for Ingram, and MR. PURCELL for Johnson.

WILLIAM BOND SKERTON . I am a commission agent, and reside at 6, Russia Court, Milk Street—I employed a licensed messenger to take a number of parcels to Monkwell Street—he left my premises shortly after nine a.m.—among the parcels was fifty-seven yards of silk-bordered regina, that is umbrella silk, worth 7d. a yard—this (produced) is it—I followed with the invoice, and arrived there after he had taken a certain number of bundles upstairs—I saw some lying in the passage, and this bundle was among them.

Cross-examined by MR. METCALFE. I identify this bundle by the ticket and the quantity—it is one of my tickets from which I enter the goods.

STEPHEN CLARK . I am a licensed messenger—I was employed to take twenty-three parcels in a hand-barrow to Monkwell Street—I took some upstairs, leaving the others in the passage—when I came down one was missing—this was a little after nine.

STEPHEN MERINAY (Policeman G). On 11th September, about 12.15 in the day, I followed the two prisoners—they were walking together—the female had something bulky under her shawl—I stopped them, told them I belonged to the police, and asked what she had got there—she said "It don't belong to me, it belongs to——"and then she stopped—Ingram turned round and looked at her at the time—she then threw the bundle down and said "Oh, I found it"—on the way to the station she said "I will tell you the truth; I found this morning about half-past eight in Old Street"—Ingram said at the time I stopped them, "I don't know anything of this woman"—he gave his address—I knew it—Johnson gave no address.

WM. OSBORN (City Policeman). I have seen the prisoners together before 11th September.

Cross-examined by MR. PURCELL. I have known Johnson for years as a prostitute—she bears an honest character for anything I know—there are rumours.

HERBERT BUSWELL (Policman T R 13). I saw the prisoners together on 10th September in Bunhill Row, near Ingrain's house.

The prisoners received good characters.


Ingram also PLEADED GUILTY to a previous conviction in March, 1871.

INGRAM**— Ten Tears' Penal Servitude. JOHNSON— Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

NEW COURT.—Saturday, October 27th, 1877. before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-800
VerdictNot Guilty > directed; Not Guilty > no prosecutor

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800. NOVELLO BREWER (25), CHARLES GARDNER , and WILLIAM LAWSON (56), Stealing 500 feathers, the property of Myer Salaman and others. Second count—receiving the same.

THE COURT being of opinion that there was no case against Gardner and Lawson , MR. F. H. LEWIS, for the Prosecution, withdrew the case as against Brewer, and the jury returned a verdict of. NOT GUILTY .

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-801
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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801. HENRY KIRKE SWANN (38) , Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from Timothy Arthur Symonds, an order for the payment of 100l., with intent to cheat and defraud.

MR. D. METCALFE conducted the Prosecution; and MR. M. WILLIAMS the Defence.

TIMOTHY ARTHUR SYMOUDS . I am a booksellers' assistant—I saw an advertisement in the Daily Telegraph on September 12th, and I wrote to "C. A., Post Office, West Bromwich"—I saw the prisoner at my lodgings in Stanley Street, Pimlico, on Saturday, 15th September—he said he was the gentleman who had advertised—(Read: "Cashier and clerk wanted in the office of an established country newspaper: salary 30s. to commence, security 100l., apply C. L., "West Bromwich, near Birmingham")—he also said he was the proprietor and editor of the Lichfield Chronicle, and that it was being carried on in partnership with Mr. Brown, who did the printing and publishing; that a disagreement had arisen, and a dissolution of partnership had been drawn up, and he was going to carry on the paper alone—he said he should want some one to do general office work, and to act as cashier, and he would give me 2s. 6d. more than the salary advertised—ultimately I accepted the terms, and I was to commence at once, but I was to draw up an agreement on the Saturday, and forward it to him, and he would let me know on the Monday, which I did—I did not hear from him that week, but on the following Friday I received a post-card from Mr. Swann, and on Saturday the 22nd I had this telegram "Meet me at Charing Cross Hotel at 2.30, if not there, shall drive to Pimlico"—I did not go to Charing Cross—it was 2.30 when I got to Pimlico—I waited for the prisoner till four o'clock, but did not see him—I then started to Pulbourne, near Cambridge—I received a letter from Mr. Swann the following morning—(This letter was dated 22nd September, 1877, Charing Cross Hotel, and stated that it was absolutely necessary to arrange with the prisoner or someone else at once, as the arrangements had been made for publishing)—in answer to that letter I sent this telegram—""Will come to you on Tuesday next to settle agreement on Wednesday"—the prisoner came to me at Pulbourne on Monday the 24th, and said the matter must be settled at once, and he was considerably put about—we came back to London, and at the Charing Cross Hotel he told me that all was ready; that I had good security; that his wife's relations were worth 30,000l.; that he was well acquainted with Messrs. Swindle and Collis, great coal-mine proprietors; that he would settle at once, and I could have a week's holiday, and commence on the next Monday—I believed his representations, and handed him the cheque—he gave me this receipt "24th September, 1877, received the sum of 100l. deposited with me this day by Timothy Arthur Symonds, to be held as security during his engagement with me, and at the termination of the said engagement to be returned to him. Notice of the termination of the said engagement to be given in writing one month previously: interest on the amount at 5 per cent per annum to be paid by me during

such time as the deposit remains in my hands; Henry Swann"—I went to Lichfield on Saturday the 29th to secure lodgings—I tried to buy a copy of the paper, but found it had not been brought out—I went to the offices and found them closed, and no signs of business—I then made inquiries, in consequence of which I got a warrant on Monday the 1st October—I afterwards received a letter dated 30th September, 1877—(This letter was signed by the prisoner, and stated that he was compelled to give up the idea of carrying on the Chronicle, but that he would pay the prosecutor a month's salary in lieu of notice, and that he would write again more fully).

Cross-examined. I found the offices of the Lichfield Chronicle. Henry Maxwell. I live at Elm Hurst Hall, near Lichfield—I saw the prisoner on the 25th September, and asked him if he had the money for the haystack he had bought—he said yes, and gave me a cheque for 100l.—I paid it into the National Provincial Bank—55l. to go to my employer's account, and kept 3l. for a small account the prisoner owed me, and returned the balance to the prisoner.

WILLIAM NORMAN . I carry on business at Lichfield—I know the prisoner as steward for a Mr. Fox—he rented a house of my son as an office in Fore Street—I went there on 4th October, and found an office table, four chairs, a small book-case, and a small counter, the value of which would be about 25s.—I went over the house, and found nothing else, except some loose papers.

Cross-examined. The prisoner had had the offices about two months—the Lichfield Chronicle was bought as a local paper would be—I do not know what the circulation was—most of my friends took it—about four or five of them.

WILLIAM HERNMAN . I am the superintendent of the Lichfield police—the last number of the Lichfield Chronicle in circulation was that of the 21st September—the office was in Birt Street—I have seen the prisoner in Fore Street, but not since the 24th of September—I arrested him in Birmingham—he said "It is a most abominable proceeding—I was going to pay the young man to-morrow—I have written to him for that purpose"—I have seen a paper advertising a sale of furniture.

Cross-examined. I had known the prisoner in connection with the Lichfield Chronicle, and he has since held a respectable situation—I was not present at the sale—I have seen bills announcing that the paper would be continued.

FREDERICK BROWN . I am a printer carrying on business at Lichfield—I entered into partnership with the prisoner on the 15th March, and continued till the 21st September, when the partnership was dissolved—the offices were in Birt Street—the machinery and plant and furniture belonged to myself—the prisoner was only entitled to an equal share of the profit—on the dissolution, this statement of account was made out, which showed that 4l. 2s. 10d. was due to each partner—I was not present at the sale of household furniture.

Cross-examined. I gave the prisoner notice to dissolve the partnership—I determined to start a fresh paper—as far as I know the prisoner has Dot seen this balance sheet.

Re-examined. The prisoner has received his share—I did not hand it to him—I had no connection with the Lichfield Chronicle after the dissolution.

ARTHUR WRIGHT . I am one of the firm of Wright and Marshall,

solicitors, of Birmingham—I received a letter from the prisoner on 26th September—I was not present at the sale of the prisoner's furniture.

GUILTY Twelve Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-802
VerdictGuilty > unknown

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802. GEORGE DOUGLAS (24) , Stealing a purse, ear drops, and other articles, property of Thomas Daniel Grayston.

MR. TICKELL conducted the Prosecution.

FANNY GRAYSTON . I am the wife of Thomas Daniel Grayston, and live at 78, Belmont Street, Chalk Farm and let furnished apartments—on the morning of 10th October the prisoner called and asked for a furnished bedroom with a single bed—I showed him a room—he asked to wash his hands—he had said he would take the rooms and had gone for his luggage and come back without it—he went into the bedroom and then came down and talked to me about my baby—I went to the room and missed a ring and gold pencil—the prisoner was quietly leaving the house—I said he could not without leaving a deposit—he said he had no change—I said I would go with him to get change, and I went with him to get change, and to Chalk Farm station to get his luggage—it was not there—he said that was the wrong station—I said "It must have been the Prince of Wales Road station"—I saw the prisoner drop this gold pendant on the way to the station—it is my property, and so are these, the purse, four studs, silver watch, jewellery case and pin—they were in different drawers in the bedroom.

JOHN MANNING (Policeman Y 195). I took the prisoner—he made no reply when he was charged—I found nothing on him.

The prisoner put in a written statement that he had come from Scotland and could not obtain employment, and had had nothing to eat for four days when he was charged with this crime; that he was innocent, but had no funds to obtain legal advice.

GUILTY Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-803
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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803. JOHN HAZEL (27) , Unlawfully assaulting John Cummings and occasioning him actual bodily harm.

MR. HUMPHREYS conducted the Prosecution; and MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS the Defence.

JOHN CUMMINGS . I and the prisoner are seamen of the ship "Wood-bourne, which is lying in the south West India dock—about twelve on the night of September 1st I was on the look-out when the prisoner came and called me a nasty name—I told him my mother was as clean as he was—he struck me in the face and caught my leg and shoved me partly over the rail—two men took him off me—I forget what I then said.

Cross-examined. I gave him no provocation—I cannot say whether he said anything about my walking over his head—I was sober—I had no coat on—I did not quarrel—I was not hurt—I was compelled to remain on duty and I did—this happened off the Cape of Good Hope.

CHARLES BLAKE . I am a seaman on this ship—I heard a cry on the forecastle—I saw Cummings half way overboard, and Hazel was shoving him over—I and the second mate pulled the prisoner off—the prisoner challenged me to fight—I said I didn't come to fight, but to do my duty—the second mate said "If you fight anybody, you shall fight me; the man must do his duty"—and he soon put all quiet.

Cross-examined. I do not know that any complaint was made to the master.

JAMES MASTERS . I was a seaman on this ship—I saw a row on the forecastle, and Cummings was hanging over—I caught hold of him—the prisoner wanted to fight Cummings.

Cross-examined. I do not know how the row began.

ROSS WATTON . I was the second mate of this ship, which is an English ship, and was bound for Calcutta—I have not got the register—I heard a noise forward and went to see what it was—I met Cummings coming aft—he told me Hazel had struck him—I went forward, when Hazel abused Cummings and challenged him to fight—I told him there must be no fighting, or else he should fight with me, and I told them to obey orders.

Cross-examined. I do not know how it commenced—I had no report, and no complaint was made to the master.


22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-804
VerdictNot Guilty > unknown

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804. WILLIAM PEARCE (47) and EDWARD POOLE (25) , Indecently exposing themselves.

MR. HUMPHREYS conducted the Prosecution; and MR. J. P. GRAIN the Defence.

Poole received a good character.


OLD COURT.—Wednesday, Oct. 24th, and 19 following days.

Before Baron Pollock.

22nd October 1877
Reference Numbert18771022-805
VerdictGuilty > unknown; Guilty > with recommendation; Not Guilty > unknown

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805. JOHN MEIKLEJOHN (38), NATHANIEL DRUSCOVICH (37), WILLIAM PALMER (43), GEORGE CLARKE (60), and EDWARD FROGATT (35), were indicted for Unlawfully conspiring with William Kurr, Harry Benson, and others to obstruct, defeat, and pervert the due course of public justice. Other counts varying the manner of stating the charge.


MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS , with MR. WALTER BALLANTINE, appeared for Meiklejohn; MR. STRAIGHT for Druscovitch; MR. BESLEY, with MR. J. P. GRAIN, for Palmer; MR. EDWARD CLARKE, with MR. CHARLES MATHEWSM, for Clarke; and MR. COLLINS, Q.C., with MR. HORACE AVORY and MR. HENRY KISCH for Froggatt.

The defendants, under the advice of their Counsel, declined to plead, on the ground that Counsel had not had an opportunity of seeing the indictment. The Court therefore directed a plea of NOT GUILTY to be entered.

THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S opening occupied the first day.

Thursday, Oct. 25th.

WILLIAM KURR . I was tried at the last April Sessions of this Court for forgery, and convicted—I made the acquaintance of the prisoner Meiklejohn in Nov., 1872, at the Angel Hotel, Islington—I knew he was a detective—I was a racing man—Murray was then with me—he was a racing man—Meiklejohn said "What are you, I don't take you for a flat, what are you?"—I said "I am a bookmaker"—he said "Where do you make a book?"—I said "In Scotland and in the north of Ireland"—he said "Have you seen that notice in the Times to-day?"—I said "Yes"—he said to Murray "I will bet a fiver that that notice is not right," meaning "is not correct"—I nodded to Murray to induce him to bet—he asked me if I knew Dumblane, I said yes—he said "My home is there"—I said

What have you come up here for?"—he said "I have come to get some Swedish bonds back that some people at the confidence game have got"—he said that he had to go and see a man named Charley Scanes to get some information about it from him—I said "Will Charley Scanes give you any information about it?"—Meiklejohn said "If he does not I will give him a drag"—that means three months' imprisonment—he left me then and I followed him—in half an hour he returned and told me he knew a man named Davis who was the manager to Peddie, the advertising list man—he said he could get the list of all Peddie's clients, and that he would see me about it to-morrow and have Davis there—he asked me how he should communicate with me—I told him to write to Murray—he said he would—on the following day Meiklejohn introduced me to Davis and said "Davis will make a good manager to your firm"—I said I was not satisfied with Davis—after leaving Davis Meiklejohn said "I should like to serve that man Peddie out, he is a man that has deserted his wife and family, why don't you start in his name? I was the first man to discover that the Betting Act did not extend to Scotland"—I said "I thought I was the first man to discover that"—he said "How is that?"—I said "I sent a person down to Glasgow to take counsel's opinion about it, and to insert an advertisement about it in the Sportsman "—he said "Oh, you understand advertisements"—I said "Oh yes"—he said "Why don't you start in London?"—I said "If I started in London the Treasury would prosecute me"—he said "I can tell you how you can avoid that"—I said "How"—he said "Open two offices, one in the City and one in our district; if the warrant is issued in the City they cannot execute it in our district"—I said "That would only apply to a warrant issued to arrest persons on the premises"—he said "Oh no, any warrant, they cannot execute it in our district"—I said "Give me one of your cards, will you?"—he said "Do not make any bad use of it"—I said "What do you mean?"—I cannot tell you what has become of that card, it is five years ago—it had on it "Mr. Sergeant Meiklejohn, Scotland Yard," or "J. Meiklejohn, Sergeant of Police, Scotland Yard"—something to that effect—he was then a sergeant in the police—I established a betting agency in Edinburgh in the name of Philip Gardner and Co. from February till April or May, 1873—two of my interviews with Meiklejohn took place at the Angel and one at Temple Bar, when he gave me the card, but we went to a public-house to see Davis—I saw Meiklejohn again at the Nag's Head, Holloway—he produced a printed police bill from his pocket and said "Do you know anything of these people; you have been making a book in Scotland, I should think you. ought to know some of these men"—I said I did not, but if he gave me the bill I would inquire—the bill referred to myself as Philip Gardner and Co.—about a fortnight after that I went to America and stayed six months, partly in consequence of seeing that bill, and partly to start a' betting agency in New York—a day or two after arriving in London on my return Meiklejohn sent a man named Burke to me, and in consequence of a communication from Burke I went to 1, Mile Street, South. Lambeth, where I found Meiklejohn was living—Meiklejohn said "I can settle that affair for you in Scotland, and I suppose Burke has told you that I shall want 100 quid," meaning 100l.—I said "If you can settle it I will give you 100l.," and an appointment was made for the next day, when I handed Burke 100l. at a public-house near Meiklejohn's house—

I was not present when the 100l. was given to Meiklejohn—I cannot say whether I heard from Meiklejohn that he had received it, but the arrangement was made that I was to give him 100l.—I said "How am I to know that this thing is stopped?"—Meiklejohn said "I will write down to the police at Edinburgh and show you their letter"—that conversation took place within five minutes of my handing the 100l. to Burke—I asked Meiklejohn, "How am I to know that this thing is stopped?"—he said "I will write down to the police at Edinburgh and show you their reply"—that was the same night after the money had been paid—I knew a warrant was out against me, and the subject was mentioned in the conversation—Meiklejohn said "They were nearly collaring you at Tippe-rary; they telegraphed over to Ireland, believing that you were there"—I had been in Ireland after leaving Edinburgh, in consequence of the warrants I supposed were out against me—after this conversation with Meiklejohn I did not keep in hiding, but walked about as usual—I never was arrested in consequence of the Edinburgh transaction—I next saw Meiklejohn in November, 1873, within about a month of the conversation I have last mentioned—I saw him at his own house in Mile Street—I have seen him at several places; at the Silver Cross, for instance—I saw him three or four times from November to the end of the year—when I wanted to communicate with him I went to Scotland Yard; but it was subsequently arranged that I should go to the Silver Cross, and send the potman there with a note to Meiklejohn—in the month of June, 1874, I paid Meiklejohn 200l. in all; 100l. was sent by post, and the other I took to him—the first 100l. was sent on the 13th. and the other I gave him on the 17th—that was for giving me information while I was in Glasgow, where I had opened a spurious betting agency in the name of Adamson—it was called "The Discretionary Investment Society"—Meiklejohn was to let me know when they received any complaints at Scotland Yard—that society lasted about three months—I established another betting agency in London in the name of Archer and Co., in Adam Street, Strand—that was on 31st July, 1874—that lasted about four days—it came to an end 'because one of the clerks was arrested by Druscovich and taken to Scotland Yard; that was a man named Harry Street—the firm consisted of Street, myself, and Benson—after that the firm was carried on at Glasgow—I was sent to Brighton for about three days—the same firm Archer and Co. was carried on there, only it was called the Paris Discretionary, translated into French—in Nov. I paid Meiklejohn 500l.—in speaking of these dates I am speaking from memory this is a letter that I received from Meiklejohn—(Read: "Nov. 16, 1874. Dear Bill,—I should like to see you to-morrow night at my place before 9 p.m. I have a letter from Glasgow. I now go on duty from 11 p.m. till 5 a.m. Wire what time I can expect you.") I was to wire to him to fix an appointment—there was no arrangement between us to telegraph to each other—this is also a letter from Meiklejohn. (Read: "Nov. 17th, 1874, Dear Bill,—Rather important news from the North. Tell H. S. and the young one to keep themselves quiet, and in the event of a smell stronger than now, they must be ready to scamper out of the way. I should like to see you as early as possible, and bring this note with you under any circumstances. I fancy the brief is out for some of you. If not, it will be. So you must keep a sharp look out.") I don't know who "the young one" referred to in that letter is—by "the brief" is meant a

warrant—it is a sort of slang term for warrant—at that time we had just discontinued Archer and Co. in Glasgow—there was no warrant there in respect of that, but the firm was discontinued—this letter of 18th Nov. is also Meiklejohn's. (Read:" Wednesday afternoon. Dear Bill,—Yours to hand. I saw H. H. W. at Cannon Street at three p.m., and he is going to send me some orders for the theatre. If you are at his office at 11 or 10.30, and remain some few minutes, you will be sure to see him. He comes there at eleven o'clock every morning, and when I saw him he was going to the office. I should like you to see him first, and then I could keep him up to the mark. If you cannot see him to-morrow leave word for me at S. X. and I will write him and make an appointment. Why not go to the Vic Theatre to-night, and you will be sure to find him?" This is also Meiklejohn's—it is addressed William Kurr, Esq., Thursday evening, 19th Nov., 1874. "Dear Bill,—I have written to H. H. W. to meet me at the Silver Cross to-morrow at three p.m., and that I should wait for him 30 minutes. You and Bill had better see me at the Red Lion, Parliament Street, at 2.30, before seeing him, then matters can be arranged as to meeting. Should he not come then I can tell you when you can see him at his own private residence, but he is sure to come." I can't give the date at which I gave the 500l. to Meikle john, only that it was about the first week in Nov.—that was for giving me information as to the firm of Archer and Co.—I paid it him in five Bank of England notes of 100l. each—I got those notes from Burt and Co. of Cornhill, in exchange for some notes on the Bank of France—I paid them to Meiklejohn with my own hand—there was some discussion between us as to the amount—I at first said "Here is 300l., Jack"—he said "This won't do"—I said "What do you mean?"—he said "It is not enough," and I said "Here is 500l."—I had made money by the speculation of Archer and Co., perhaps about 8,000l.—I do not mean my share, the concern itself paid about that to the entire firm—the "Bill" referred to in one of the letters is Walters; he kept the Grapes public house in Red Lion Street, Holborn—Heiklejohn afterwards told me that he had purchased a house with the 500l. I gave him, in the South Lambeth Road—this letter is in Meiklejohn's handwriting. (Read: "Dec. 30, 1874. Dear Bill,—Your telegram to hand. I should like to see you about a little matter to-morrow. See me here to-morrow if you can, if not send a telegram to S. X. where I can meet you at or about 5 or 6 with Bill if he can come. Just say whether you will come here or meet me.") "S. X." means The Silver Cross—there was an arrangement made at the end of December, 1874, with Benson, Walters, and Murray, for bringing out the Society for Insurance against Losses on the Turf—that firm was established at Gresham House and at 25, Moorgate Street—I first met Benson about February, 1874—this new firm continued for about three months, at the expiration of which period Walters and Murray were arrested, committed for trial, released on bail, and absconded—this letter is in Meiklejohn's writing. (Read: "June 27, 1875. My dear Bill,—Your letter to hand. I saw Publican, and all was right and comfortable. I saw H. on Saturday and had a long chat with him, but he seems a little hurt at my hinting to Publican that he was too intimate with B. M. Of course I told you the same. In such cases you cannot be too careful. But I do not actually think that he was wrong, only I saw them so intimate. P. has left to-day for America. I have given him some

letters of introduction, and he will have a fine time of it there. How did the Old Chieftain come to speak of the countryman as a blockhead again. He must have been saying something about him again. I will try and run against B. M. and find if he has the brief you refer to. If so I will try and get it. Of course you know I have not spoken to him since B. W. came out. Send me the paper with Chieftain registered in it. If not let me have date when he was there. I will write you again soon.—I am, &c, &c. (signed) Blockhead.") I don't know what the first part of that letter refers to about H. or B. M.—I have no doubt I did know at the time—"Send me the paper with Chieftain registered in it" referred to a local paper published in the Isle of Wight announcing that Chief Inspector Clarke had arrived there at one of the hotels—"How did the Old Chieftain come to speak of the Countryman as a blockhead?"—that was in consequence of a conversation I had with Benson, and I wrote to Meiklejohn to tell him—"Chieftain" is Chief-Inspector Clark, and "Countryman" is Meiklejohn—"P. has left this day for America," that is Chief-Inspector Palmer—Meiklejohn signs himself "Blockhead," that was in consequence of what I had written to him—I can't tell who "Publican" is; it was either "Walters or Colkett, I should say—I can't remember which—they both kept public-houses—"Bill" is Bill Mitchell. a racingman—I think I first saw Palmer in July, 1872—I first saw him to speak to him, I think, about 1874—I first met him at one of the racecourses; I can't tell which—he was in the habit of attending races in the course of his duty as an inspector of the detective department—there was a warrant out against me in respect of the Walters and Murray transaction—I remember receiving a telegram, but I do not know who it was from, because I had left before, thinking there would be a warrant out against me—I went to a great number of places—I did not go abroad—I went to Glasgow among other places—in the course of 1875 I went to Switzerland with Benson—just before that I had been to Littlehampton; that would be about August—this letter (produced) is Meiklejohn's writing—it is addressed to me in the name of W. Gifford—the post-mark on the envelope is "Ju," which stands both for June and July—I should think it would be July—I could not say positively that this letter came out of this particular envelope—all of the letters were put by me carefully—I do not know whether any one has changed them since—as far as I know they are the same. (Read: "Wednesday morning. Dear Bill,—You will see from the enclosed letter that W. has sent a letter to your brother, and he is afraid that it may be opened. You had better see to it at once.") About June, 1875, I was living at that address under that name—this other letter of August, 1875, is Meiklejohn's—I was then' living at Littlehampton as Sinclair; this is addressed to Sinclair. (Read: Dear Bill,—Your wire to hand. Glad to hear very good news. Treasury has paid and settled up all accounts in case of W. and M., and I do not want to see or hear from them again. I will not leave here until Sunday night, and after that my address will be as before—Green Loaming, Perthshire, N.B.") W. and M. in this letter refers to Walters and Murray—that letter is also in the handwriting of Meiklejohn, and was addressed to me with the communication referred to in it as having been received by Meiklejohn from Wilson. (" Tuesday evening. Dear Bill,—You have not answered any of my last letters. I suppose you have not got them. I send you a letter which I have this morning from Wilson, from

which you will see that he is still very friendly, and I must simply go and spend a day, or perhaps two, and have a—good lush, and that will settle B. M. as far as that is concerned. B. M. I have not seen or heard from since I saw him with Hay. I go on Friday night, so you had better say what you want done by return. (Signed) J. M.") (" Glasgow Police, No. 8 A, Central Police Chamber, 9th August, 1875. Dear Sir,—I received your letter, for which I have to thank you, as it was in time for oar petition, and just what we wanted. I will be very glad to see you if you are in. Scotland this month, as I will go on my leave till the 2nd of—the next. If you see any of our friends before you come down remind me of them. Wish you and yours all manner of pleasure and good weather. I remain, yours truly, W. J. Wilson.") This correspondence was shortly before I went to Switzerland—I was there a fortnight with Benson—he travelled under the name of Count Montague—when we returned he went to the Langham Hotel, I did not—I went there to see him, and on one occasion Meiklejohn went with me—Benson passed there as Yonge—up till that time I believe that Benson and Meiklejohn were not acquainted with each other—I introduced them to each other—I did not leave them alone on this particular occasion—at this time, so far as I knew, the warrant was still out against me in connection with the Walters and Murray transactions—up till this time I had not known Inspector Clarke—at that time I had in my possession a letter which Clarke had written to Walters, landlord of the Grapes public-house, Holborn—Meiklejohn gave me that letter—I learned from Benson that he was acquainted with Clarke—I took means to overhear what passed in a conversation between Benson and Clarke at the Langham—Benson occupied a sitting-room, and I went into the adjoining bedroom—I knew that Clarke was coming—this was during the time that Benson was living at the Langham Hotel as Tonge, after our return from Switzerland—at that time he went on crutches, and had to be carried about—I did not hear a great deal of the conversation—all I can recollect is that Clarke said "No one will interfere with Kurr now"—I believe Clarke said "Will Kurr bring me my letter back?" or "Will Kurr send me my letter back?"—it was something with reference to the letter, but I can't tell you what it was—I wanted to hear from Clarke whether or not I was safe to walk about—I can't give a date for that nearer than the latter end of August or the commencement of Sept.—I procured this letter to be written to Clarke—Street wrote it. (Read: "To Mr. Chief Inspector George Clarke, Scotland Yard. Sir,—My. name having been connected most unjustly with the late turf frauds, of which I know nothing whatever, I should be glad to. meet you if you have any desire to see me, at any time or place you may choose to appoint. By forwarding a letter to the above address you will much oblige—Tours obediently, Wm. Kurr.") I gave the letter to Street—I do not know how he forwarded it—at the time Benson was staying at the Langham he had a French servant with him named Pierre Pionchon—Benson had at one time another servant, named either Wallace or Picard—I don't think it was Picard who was staying with him at the Langham at this time—after I had overheard this conversation at the Langham Hotel, I went and saw Clarke myself at Great College Street, Westminster—I found him near his house—I said "Good evening, Mr. Clarke, my name is William Kurr"—Clarke said "Don't you think you are a bold man to come to me when you

know that I have got a warrant for your apprehension in my pocket?"—I said "Oh, it is all right; Yonge has told me all about it; I have come to give you back your letter"—he said "The—scamp has got a lot more letters of mine, but they all refer to information which he has given me about different things"—that remark had reference to Walters—I said "Here is your letter," and I handed him a copy of the letter—it was an imitation of the original—Clarke said "I sent that letter to Walters to get some information from him about some burglars"—I said "That letter has been photographed"—he said "Who photographed it?"—I said "1 don't know; I believe a friend of Walters's"—I said "Here is the original; that one you have got is a copy; a photograph has been taken of it, and you can say that the photograph has been taken of the forgery and not of the original," I meant in the event of the photograph being produced—these (produced) are the two letters—I made the copy. (Read: "Westminster, April 4, 1874. Sir,—I shall be glad if you could make it convenient to call at my house from eight to nine p.m. this day. Very important. Don't show this or bring any one with you. If you cannot come I will be at Charing Cross station at twelve noon to-morrow.") One of these is torn—the torn one is the original—I have not seen them from that time till they were produced at the police court—it was perhaps three days—at least it was a short time after the interview at the Langham that I saw Clarke and handed him those two letters—this letter dated 22nd September, 1875, is in Meiklejohn's writing. (Head: "22nd Sept., 1875. Dear Bill,—Enclosed you will find a letter for W., and of course you will tell your friend to take the name of Hall, so that it may correspond with my letter. I have had a long letter from Poodle, and he has written to C. last night very strongly, in effect demanding it. So you can let P. have the idea just as you think. I have written to B. M. telling him I shall not be there at the meet to-morrow, as I don't want to be dragged into the affair. And you can ask him why I am not at the meet, and then tell him it is useless for me to appear in the matter, that you can settle these matters yourselves. Say you have not seen me for 10 or 12 days; in fact, say anything you like, and tell them all s—") "Poodle" is Benson—"C" is Clarke this letter is also Meiklejohn's writing. (" Monday Afternoon. Dear Bill,—Yours to hand. No one from the factory is down or going to Newmarket. I have a letter from W., asking if I knew anything for C—wich. I have written him purport of your letter, and telling him I should write you to let you know if the thing was good goods. So you can let him know by to-night's post. I cannot understand your letter as to Tommy wanting his wages and expenses. What Tommy do you mean? Do you mean Old Bill; if so, what does he want? Let me know about the horse, Argument, in time, as I want to let Power, the Old Man at Milbank, know; but I should like to be as sure as possible. He is a good pal of mine. I had a letter from Poodle this morning, in which he says that he expects a letter from Chieftain saying that the matter of mine will be settled in my favour. I simply told him the matter was settled Saturday week, and C. never intended me to get it, as he recommended D. himself.") The post-mark on the envelope of that letter is October 11th, 1875—the "factory" means Scotland Yard—I don't know who "W." is—it is relative to some racing transaction—oh, it would mean Wilson, of Glasgow—"Tommy" is the nickname of a clerk of mine who had complained

about his wages, which he refers to here—"Power" is the chief warder at Milbank prison—the "Chieftain" referred to is Clarke—"D". means "Davey," an inspector of Scotland Yard—the business referred to was a vacancy at Scotland Yard, caused by the death of Inspector Pay—this letter is in Meiklejohn's handwriting. (Read—envelope dated October 25th, 1875: "Sunday Evening. Dear Bill,—You must excuse us not coming this evening, but I have been so ill all day I could not come out. I have seen Bob twice here to-day, and I should like to see you tomorrow evening at the One Tun, say sis o'clock. I shall see Von before that, and know for a certainty how things stand, yet I think you had better say nothing until I see you." The Autumn races at Brighton are held on 31st October—this letter is Meiklejohn's writing. "Saturday Night. Dear Bill,—Yours to hand. I am not going to Brighton, only Dustman and Lansdown, neither of whom know you, so there is no need for you fearing them. Have you heard from Poodle?" "120 x 20 Wizard, L'pool C." That is the odds against a horse named Wizard for the Liverpool Cup—I remember going to the Brighton races on 31st October, and Wizard tells me the year, it was 1875—"Dustman" means Druscovich—I had never spoken to Druscovich at that time—Lansdown was a sergeant of police; that is his proper name—I knew them by sight, although they did not know me—I saw them at the Brighton races—at that time I was living in Marquess Road—I lived there from about 1874 to 1877, until I was taken into custody, in my own name, William Kurr—in the year 1875 I gave Meiklejohn 150l., it was at the latter end of July—there was also a 10l. note on another occasion—I first saw Druscovich to speak to him on 10th April, 1876—this letter is in Meiklejohn's writing. (Read: "December 23, 1875. Dear Bill,—Poodle in trouble again. Some one has been down, and, from the description, it seems to be like Fillister in the City. I shall see F. and find out if he has been down. P. writes and asks if you have sent me the sherry; I have written to say you have at last done so; but you promised it last July and kept it until now, so that you would get out of sending me a case of champagne, as you have done on former occasions; and I told him I should not object to fulfilling that duty this time. I shall be at home this evening at 9.30 and to-morrow evening, but will keep any appointment you may make for to-morrow.") "Poodle" there is Benson—"Fluister" is a City sergeant of police—I don't think the warrants against Walters and Murray were ever in his hands; he held a betting-house warrant issued in the City, I heard so from Fluister himself—"P." also means Poodle, that is Benson—these two letters are Meiklejohn's writing. (Read: "December 31, 1875. Dear Bill,—I was in the neighbourhood of Islington the other day, and saw some funeral carriages pass, and thought you might be dead, not having seen you for some time, but on inquiry I find you are about as usual, and not dead or drunk. When shall I see your old mug again?" "26th Jan., 1876. Dear Bill,—I had your letter on Friday night, and went to the One Tun on Saturday, at 12, and remained till 12.45, and the landlord told me you had been on the previous day. I am so very ill and have been so busy that I cannot say when I shall be able to see you. Yet you may write and let me know how things are going on, and what you have done with M—.") I cannot tell what the finish of the letter is—in April I saw Druscovich—I said previously on April 10th, but I now believe it to be April the 9th

—I was aware from Meiklejohn that I was going to see him at Fentiman Road—Meiklejohn told me that Drusrovich had asked for the loan of 60l.—he said he could not do it, but Bill Kurr would—Druscovich said "Will he keep his mouth shut?"—Meiklejohn said "Oh, yea,—I always go to him if I want money. Druscovich is in a sad plight, he has got a bill to meet"—Meiklejohn said "I have told him you will lend it him. It comes nicely. It will save us both trouble. All you have to do is to lend him the money"—This ended in an appointment for next evening at the public-house in Fentiman Road—it is the only public-house in that road—I think it is the Fentiman's Arms—I said "I shall not be able to give Druscovich the money to-morrow, but I will come and see him at eight o'clock"—I went there at eight o'clock on Sunday and saw Druscovich and Meiklejohn—I said to Druscovich "Meiklejohn has told me you want to borrow 60l.," and Druscovich said "Yes"—I said "I will lend it to you to-morrow"—Druscovich said "Where shall I see you to-morrow?"—I said "I will meet you at the Oriental Restaurant at five o'clock"—the Oriental Restaurant is at the Blackfriars station—I gave Colkett a cheque of mine for 100l. to get cashed—it was dated the 16th April, 1876, and payable to Colkett's order—it was endorsed "H. Colkett"—for that cheque I got from Colkett amongst the money sis 10l. notes—I met Druscovich at the Oriental Restaurant in pursuance of the appointment—I am speaking from memory, but am positive about the denomination of the notes—when I met Meiklejohn and Druscovich I handed Druscovich the six 10l. notes—Druscovich asked if I wanted any acknowledgment, and I said "No"—Meiklejohn was then present—I had a conversation with Meiklejohn in the absence of Druscovich—we had gone from the Oriental to the Ludgate Hill refreshment bar—Druscovich left us for a moment, and I said to Meiklejohn "What did Druscovich say?" He said "I did not like walking down here with Bill. Suppose we ran against old Clarke"—I said "What did you say?"—Meiklejohn said "I said 'Don't be a fool. Bill has got them all right at our place and in the City too"—I said "Did you tell him about Bailey in the City?"—Meiklejohn said "Yes; I told him about Bailey, and told him everything"—I said "I did not want you to tell him about Bailey"—he said "Oh, it don't matters a damn"—I remember nothing further—we parted at Ludgate Hill—this letter is Meiklejohn's writing. (Read—envelope dated 30th May: "Tuesday. Dear Bill,—I cannot be down on Thursday at Epsom. You must not forget me. Put me on 2l. for Coroner, and write me that you have done so, or let me know what you are doing.") That referred to my own horse, Coroner—this is also from Meiklejohn. ("Dear Bill,—Got a letter from S. B Cresswell, Daventry, complaining that he has sent 10s.; also enclosing advertisement, and saying that he will come to London to prosecute if we will pay his expenses. I will inquire, and if so I will let you know. Mineral colt won the Derby, and I have ordered my suit of clothes, and the tailor has sent the bill to Henry Street. When shall I see you? I have not seen H. H. W. as yet.") Mineral colt won the Derby of 1876, run on the 31st May—this letter from Meiklejohn is enclosed in an envelope, dated June 10, 1876—("Dear Bill,—Yours to hand. Who does the horse you name belong to? What has become of Activity? Smith promised to let me know. If you get this in time let me know Your brother had better not go for any more letters. It is too hot. There

are some there, but he had better not go. The old man has sent Andrews, and he has got the description. Be sure and let me know as early as possible the strength of this horse.") "The old man" alluded to there is Clarke—my brother, is Frederick Kurr—I suppose that alluded to some fraud that my brother and another person had been carrying on, not one of the turf frauds, I think—I don't know exactly what it refers to—it had nothing to do with me—"Andrews" is a police serjeant—I saw Clarke after September, 1875, at Epsom, and at Sandown Park races, where he was on duty as an inspector—these letters are (produced) in Meikle John's writing—this one with Clarke's address on was written about two days before I saw Clarke, that would be early in September, 1875—(Read: "Wednesday Night, 11.30 p.m. Dear Bill,—Your letter to hand. Just now the Chieftain's address is 20, Great College Street, not 17. If you have sent it you are wrong. Be sure about the horse as I am in a corner, but shall I see you and talk about Poodle? You have not written fully.") (" Wednesday morning. Dear Bill,—You will find enclosed the Chieftain's letter all right, as also one from Kramp. He is a scamp. You see his game. He wants to keep Poodle in a funk. You must not let him know I have sent his letter to you. I have not written him, and never intend to do so. When shall I have a chat to hear all news about Chieftain? Have you forgotten about the horse? Be sure to put something on, unless you send me as usual the name of the thing beforehand. P.S.—I forgot to tell you that we had a letter from Mrs. W., saying that she was to sail from Southampton on Monday last for America.") I think that both those letters are about the same date—the letter spoken of as Chieftain's letter enclosed, is the letter that I made a fac simile of—that is the letter I got from Meiklejohn—I went abroad on 19th July, 1876, and joined Benson in Paris—we stopped at the Hotel de Evrement, somewhere at the back of the Madeleine—I stayed with Benson three days—after Paris we went to Dover, and from there to the Cannon Street Hotel, where we were met by Meiklejohn on the platform—I had telegraphed an appointment from Dover—we dined at the Cannon Street Hotel, Meiklejohn, Benson, Bale, and myself—nothing was said then about opening a racing firm at Dover—it was in reference to opening a Paris loan—after that Benson went to live at Canonbury, at Mrs. Bruce's—on 14th July I saw Clarke at Sandown Park races, when a horse called Medora won—we had a conversation, but simply about the horse—he knew me as attending races, and I knew him as a police inspector—Benson also lived at Mrs. Ethel's, in the name of Yonge, I believe—that is in Beresford Road, Canonbury—I came back from Paris about 23rd July, and in August the scheme was prepared for what are called the De Goncourt frauds—Benson, Bale, my brother, and myself were parties to it—we were to get money by publishing a newspaper containing an article stating that the bookmakers did not give sufficient odds—this (produced) is the newspaper—it is called The Sport, and is numbered 1,713—it was printed in Edinburgh, and a translation into French was sent to various persons in France—the article suggests that the bookmakers would not give the fair odds to persons well known to be skilled in horses, so that if any body in France was inclined to bet through Mr. Montgomery they might make a commission, and he would make his bargain with the book-makers—the cheques for Mr. Montgomery were to be sent to anybody who would consent to act as agent, and he was to send them to certain

bookmakers who were named—it was for writing those fictitious cheques in the names of non-existing persons that I was convicted—these are the cheques (produced) which I procured to be engraved for the purpose of the fraud—they are on the Royal Bank of London, Agar Street, Strand—there is no such bank—they were to be made available to get people's money by inducing them to send their own money as well as these sham cheques of Mr. Montgomery—I wrote this leading article in English first and Benson made the grammatical corrections—the translation was printed to be sent to the paper, so that if they doubted the French translation they had the English newspaper to compare with it—No. 8, Northumberland Street, Mr. Flintoff's office, was taken for the purpose of the fraud—this is the agreement—(This was dated 31st August for rooms at 8, Northumberland Street for four weeks, for 61. 3s., renewable one day before the expiration of any four weeks)—I was at Flintoff's during the day, from 9.30 to about 5, and Flintoff saw me there from time to time during the day Inspector Clarke gave evidence on the trial that I was at Sandown Races that day, but it was not true—I was not there at all—in the progress of this business I received between 14,000l. and 15,000l. from abroad—besides 8, Northumberland Street, other places were taken where cheques were to be sent to, Montgomery's in Fleet Street, Francis's in Cleveland Row, and Ellerton's in Duke Street—my brother Frederick represented Montgomery, Bale represented Ellerton, and my brother also represented Charles Jackson at, I think, St. James's Place—my brother was also Jacob Francis at Cleveland Row—Bale was Richard Gregory; he was, I think, in Duke Street—it was arranged that the places should be in the south-west district, because we had bribed two of the post inspectors of that district to give us information, when the letters were stopped—I was introduced to those men to bribe them by Meikle john on 10th August—on the first Saturday in August I said to Meikle john "The French police have telegraphed to Dover, and stopped our letters," referring to the Dover frauds, the loan company—he said "I suppose you are going to try something else?"—I said "I am going to try to get those letters from the French police first"—he said "How are you going to do that?"—I said "I am going to send a forged telegram in the name of Mr. Williamson to the police at Paris"—and I said that Benson had got the French telegram destroyed by the Dover police—he said "How will you account for sending the telegram from London when the inquiry was at Dover?"—I said that I should pretend that the telegram had been sent to Scotland Yard to reply to—he said "There will be a stink about that when that is found out, what do you intend doing next? have you got any idea in your head?"—I said "Yes"—he said "What is it?"—I said "I am going to publish a newspaper, and am going home to-night to write the article"—he said "What is it about?"—I said "Similar to what you call the muddle again—there will be a duffing bank in it—(I had previously given him the outline of a scheme which he called the muddle again)—he said "When are you going to start it?"—I said "I shall lose no time about it, I am going home to do it to-night"—he said "Have you told Poodle about it?" meaning Benson—I said "No; I will tell him when he returns from Dover," and I said "Let me know if anything turns up about that forged telegram—he said "All right"—that was all that passed—on 2nd September I was present at a dinner at Ethel's with Benson and Meiklejohn, when my

groom, Goldie, brought a telegram for Meiklejohn, which my wife had given him—it was sent by Meiklejohn's wife to my care, and I being absent, my groom brought it—it referred to the Gainsborough picture—after receiving it Meiklejohn left—I also saw Druscovich at Ascot races, when he told me he had found a pocket-book belonging to Mr. Collette—it did not relate to the frauds—Druscovich, Shaw, and I went to a refreshment bar—this letter is in Meiklejohn's writing—(" 202, South Lambeth Road, S.W. Monday Morning. Dear Bill,—I have written the Dustman saying that I had a letter from you this morning, asking him to meet you at the Swan public-house, Clapham Road, at 8 p.m. this day Monday. Do you know how things stand?")—I met Druscovich at the Swan—he said "I have a letter from Meiklejohn telling me to meet you here"—I said "Yes, go inside, I want to speak to you"—and I said "I am going to open a private betting office, inviting persons in Prance to bet"—he said "Is it a legitimate affair?"—I said "Yes, I want you to tell me when any application is made for warrants, or when any complaints come"—he said "What is the name?"—I said "Montgomery; here is 25l. for you"—he said "I already owe you something," and he refused it, and I put the money in his pocket—it was in a small bag in gold—he said "How am I to communicate with you if anything turns up?" and "I know, I will write to you in such a way that nobody will understand it but you and I"—that was the end of that interview—a little later, about September, I saw Clarke—I had written a letter making an appointment, and called at his house at eight o'clock—he said "You wanted to see me"—I said "Yes, you know that I have got several horses"—he said "Yes"—I said "I intend entering them to race here and advising persons in France to back them"—he said "What do the people in France know about your horses?"—I said "They will know when I tell them"—Clarke said. "That won't pay"—I said "I will make that pay," and "Here is fifty for you," and I gave him 50l. in a bag—he took it—I said "I will send you some post-cards addressed to myself, and if anything happens you pop one of them in the post and I will come and see you"—he said "Don't have post-cards"—I said "Well, I will send you some addressed envelopes"—Clarke said "What name are you using? I suppose not your own"—I said "Montgomery, and other names, but you will know that any betting affair coming from France concerns me"—I sent him some addressed envelopes one day afterwards—I went into 8, Northumberland Street, on 31st August, and continued there till the 26th September—it was about a hundred paces from the back of Scotland Yard—about 9th or 10th September Meiklejohn came in and said to Benson "It is very thick for you, Poodle, there is a warrant out for you, and there is a warrant out for Montgomery, Jackson, and Francis," and he produced a piece of paper with those names written on it—Benson said "Do not joke, Jack, is it a fact?"—Meiklejohn then said "No, it is only my fun, I have just come from Scotland Yard, it is all right"—I first knew Palmer in 1872—I met him first at the Angel Hotel—I saw him at the Northumberland Rooms, next door to 8, Northumberland Street, before 9th September—I said "Do you want to see Harry?"—he said "I want to see Bale"—Harry is Street; Street and Palmer were acquainted—I said "Is there any message for him?"—Palmer said "Tell him there is nothing"—Palmer then went away—Meiklejohn had gone to Derby while we were in Northumberland Street—this is his letter—("Derby, 14th September, 1876.

Dear Bill,—Things have gone on all right since you left. I will be at home at 8 p.m. on Saturday, and will be glad to see you and Poodle. You did not come last Sunday according to promise. I have heard nothing from J. W. C, so I think everything is safe from J. W. C") This letter is also from Derby—(" 20th September, 1876. Dear Bill,—"Was pleased you had your dust cleared away, so well done, so very satisfactory. I will be in London by about 4 p.m. on Saturday. I leave here by train at 1.5. I send you here with a letter from Wilson of Glasgow for your perusal. I find that I must apply for assistance from you and Poodle. I will be moving next week, and I find that I will be short of brass; you might let me have a pony to go on with if it will not inconvenience you very much, which I know it will not. I will meet you on the platform, St. Pancras, at 4.10. p.m. Saturday. We have got the house I spoke to you about.") I do not remember whether there was a letter in it—on Monday, 25th September, I left the office in my gig and saw Druscovich near the entrance of Scotland Yard—he said "lam glad I have seen you; there is a big swindle come in from Paris, 10,000l."—I said "Is it a racing affair?"—he said "No, I don't think it is, it is something to do with some spurious bills of exchange; a solicitor has been to the office"—I said "Keep the case in your hands"—he said "It is all right, I have got all the papers in my desk"—I went to Inspector Clarke about ten o'clock that night in a hansom cab belonging to a man named Porter—I drove from the cab-stand at the bottom of Ashby Road to the Bang's Arms public-house at the corner of Great College Street—(this was in consequence of receiving a piece of blotting paper in one of the envelopes which I had addressed to Clarke)—I saw Clarke there—he said "I expected you earlier"—I said "I could not get here before"—he said "There must have been some delay in the post-office"—I said "I received your letter only twenty minutes ago"—he said "There is something come in from France; I am frightened and alarmed, have you changed the notes yet?"—I said "No; will it be safe to change them now they have had time to stop them?"—I had said nothing about notes up to this point—he said "I think it will be right if you lose no time and change them to-morrow, but you must not go to any of the places or somebody will be sent there to-morrow"—The "places "were the addresses of the people concerned in the frauds—he said "It would look funny, after going there so long for letters, to have them stopped; can you account for it in any way?"—I said "I will send in some notices to get them to send on the letters to Newmarket"—Clarke said "Do something"—I said "Who has got the case?"—Clarke said "Druscovich;. is he all right?"—I made some reply which I cannot recollect and left—next morning at ten o'clock I went to 8, Northumberland Street, packed the things up and left—on the same night that I saw Clarke I drove back in Porter's cab to Newington Green Road and threw a stone through Benson's window between twelve and one o'clock—I did not see him—I wrote to Druscovich the same night to make an appointment to see him at ten o'clock next morning, the 26th under the arch of the Charing Cross railway, which is close to 8, Northumberland Street—I had received a letter that day from Druscovich, and when we mot he said "Have you got my letter?"—I said "Yes; here it is," and I returned it to him—I said "That swindle does concern me"—he was very excited and said "I know I

am being: piped off"—that in our language means being followed or matched—it would imply that another detective was following him, but I do not believe it—I don't think he knew what he was saying, he was so excited—he said "What more are they doing? have they stopped the notes?"—I said "I don't know," and with that he walked away very sharply—he said "I have told you now, and you will have to look out for yourself"—I received these drafts (produced) from Madame De Goncourt on the Credit Lyonnais, which I had cashed at Reinhardt's, the money-changer's inLondon—they were all from the department of the Marne—(These were for sums varying from 5,000 to 125,000 francs, payable in Paris)—I changed them for English bank notes, which I gave to Benson to take them to Glasgow and change them into Scotch notes so as to destroy the trace of them, as the bankers in Scotland do not take the numbers of their notes—I stayed at my own house that night, and went to Derby next day, where I saw Meiklejohn at his office, the Midland Railway Company's office—I said "There is something turned up, you must come to London and see Druscovich"—he said "What is it all about"—I said "We have been getting a lot of money from France"—he said "Have you seen Druscovich?"—I said "Yes; but I can get no information from him; I get all the news from the old man"—that is Clarke—he said "We have to do all the work directly the stink comes, how did the old man take it? did he funk it at all?"—I said "Yes, he did; he called my attention to the fact of leaving the places suddenly"—he said "I suppose you have left all the joints 7—that means the offices where the swindle was carried on—that is a cant word—I said "Well, don't you think Mr. Williamson will be suspicious about this?"—he said "Oh, he is a calf; he will never tumble to it in 1,000 years, I will come up and set it straight for you; I will send a telegram to Druscovich, telling him to meet us at St. Pancras, and we will go up by the 5.10"—I saw him write the telegram, and he told me that he had sent it—we came up together and got to London about 8.30 that evening, where I saw Druscovich on the platform—we went to the Midland Hotel, and Druscovich said "There is no mistake, you have got a clever fellow behind you, Bill; talk about Victor Hugo, I never read such French in my life"—Meiklejohn said "Bill thinks he has got the best French scholar in England"—Benson had translated all the documents, but he was referring to letters written by Benson and received by Madame De Goncourt—Meiklejohn said "What did they say when they read them? "—Meiklejohn said "The Countess's brother kept saying 'Mon Dieu' "—I said "Have you got any warrants out?"—Druscovich said "Yes; we have got them out to-day"—I said "Who granted them?"—he said "Mr. Knox, and he said 'Don't be particular who you bring before me' "—Druscovich said "I suppose you will go to America now?"—I said "No"—Druscovich then said "I must arrest somebody over this job"—I said "Arrest me if you like," and he said "I think I will"—he also said "You have not been seen at any of the places, have you?" and I said "No"—he said "Well, you be at Fleet Street at one o'clock coming out of the Albert Club, and I will bring Clarke, or somebody from our place, and arrest you"—I said "I cannot wait about Fleet Street all day, I have got to attend to changing the notes; come to my house at nine o'clock and arrest me there"—Druscovich said "Very

well"—I said "Have you got all the numbers of the notes that are stopped?"—Druscovich. said "No"—with that Druscovich left for a moment or two, and I said to Meiklejohn "Go and find out all about it, Jack"—Meiklejohn said "I will see you to-morrow, and tell you the numbers of the notes that have been stopped"—I had never been to the clubs or to Reinhardt's, so that I could not have been identified at any of those places—I went home that night, and went out next morning at nine—if I had been arrested, or if my house had been searched, there was nothing to connect me with the frauds—I saw Meiklejohn by appointment next day, the 29th, at the King Lud, at the bottom of Ludgate Hill, about twelve o'clock—he produced a piece of paper, and said "I have got the numbers of those notes"—the paper he gave me only represented the numbers of some of the notes which Benson had got—I then telegraphed to Benson—I then gave Meiklejohn 20l. in gold, and made an appointment to meet him again that night, which I did, at 202, South Lambeth Road, but he was in bed when I got there, and we had no conversation—I went to the Kentish Town station of the Midland Railway on the Saturday at 4.20 and saw Druscovich, Meiklejohn joined us, and we three went to a public-house, where Druscovich said "What did you want to send that telegram to the postmaster at Newmarket for?"—that referred to my telegram on the 29th to the postmaster there to send all letters he had to Portsmouth—I had left word at the different lodgings for all letters to be forwarded to Newmarket—Druscovich told me that the postmaster had told him that, and I knew he had been down to Newmarket—Druscovich said "I want to make a cigarette, but the paper is so bad I cannot use it"—the landlord of the house said "Oh, have you been to New-market?"—I said "He means the New Cattle Market"—and he said "Yes, I mean the New Cattle Market"—the landlord did not hear the conversation about the postmaster, but he caught the word "Newmarket"—Meiklejohn called me to one side and said "What are you going to give Druscovich?"—he had previously said at the King Lud "I suppose you have given him five cents," meaning 500l.—I said "I do not know what I shall give him yet"—he said "When are you going to pay him?"—I said "I will leave the money for him on Monday or Tuesday in a cigar box at his house"—he said "How's Poodle getting on; has he changed the notes yet?" and I replied "I expect he wall change them on Monday, how am I to get any information from Druscovich? he is frightened to come near me; tell him to make all his business known at the office, and I am sure to know then, from others"—Meiklejohn replied "I will tell him," and afterwards Meiklejohn did tell him in my presence to make all his business known at Scotland Yard—I do not know the name of the public-house to which I have referred; but it is situated at the first turning on the left in Leighton Road, Kentish Town, and is the only public-house near the station, and is about a minute's walk from it.

Friday, Oct. 26th.

WILLIAM KURR (recalled and further examined). On the Monday 2nd or Tuesday night 3rd after the conversation in the public-house at Kentish Town, which I narrated yesterday, I left at Meiklejohn's house a cigar box containing 200l. in gold—I handed the box to Meiklejohn's wife—there was nothing on it by way of address—in the course of the same week, on Oct. 4, I saw Clarke at his house, 20, Great College Street—Clarke said to me "There has an account come in about the changing of those notes; some one has

been in Glasgow changing those notes?"—I said "You soon heard of it"—he said "Yes, I suppose you have sent Yonge?"—I said "Yes"—he said "What a fool you must be to send a man like that; I suppose he was carried into the bank"—I said "Yonge has now recovered the use of his legs, so he would not be suspected"—Clarke said "You astonish me; Druscovich is going down to-night to make inquiries; where is Yonge?"—I replied "He has come back"—that was a fact—I then said to Clarke "Here is 150l. for you," and handed him a bag containing 150l. in gold—Clarke said "Thanks"—I cashed a draft of the British Linen Company which had been given to me by Benson at Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith's, and changed the notes for gold at the Bank of England. (The draft was produced, being on the British Linen Company, Glasgow, dated Oct. 30th, 1876, for 300l. in favour of Wm. Medway and endorsed Wm Medway"). I endorsed it. Medway is one of the names by which I went—I told Clarke I would go and telegraph to the people in Glasgow to stop them from going to the banks—I had heard from Benson the arrangements he had made in Scotland for getting rid of the notes—I next saw Clarke on the 10th October—Benson came back on the 4th October—I went to Brighton with Benson on the 5th—I stayed at the Brighton until Tuesday, the 10th—I telegraphed to Clarke at his house on the evening of the 10th from the Brighton Company's telegraph office at Brighton Railway station—I was coming up to see Clarke on account of receiving some information—I had not at that time seen anything which attracted my attention—I also telegraphed to Palmer and Von Tornow—I first went to the public-house at the corner of the South Lambeth Road—I saw Palmer there—I said to him" Have you heard anything about a cab inquiry?"—Palmer said "No"—I said "Has the Governor come back yet?"—the Governor meant Mr. Williamson—Palmer said "No"—I said "Who is in charge? "—Palmer said "Old George"—Old George is Clarke—I said "I'll go on and see him"—there was also a conversation about a racing matter, not bearing on this—the telegram I sent was sent at 4.55, and we arrived in London a few minutes after six, and I saw Clarke about seven in his house, Great College Street—Clarke said "Where did that blasted fool drive to when he left the Midland? they are going to trace the cabman"—he said "He left Glasgow with the French servant in a Pulman; it must have been quite open, or they would not have seen him; why didn't he get out at some station and come on afterwards?"—I said "It's a bad job, but we must stop the inquiry somehow"—Clarke said "How am I stop it?"—I said "Easy enough, you are in charge; send You Tornow to make the inquiry"—Clarke said "Do you know Von Tornow?"—I said "Yes"—Clarke said "I must let things take their course"—I said "I shall go to the Midland, and stop whoever you send; so you may just as well send Von Tornow"—Clarke said "Very well, I will send him—directly he comes to the office to-morrow"—Clarke said "Does any one know that you have come to see me to-night?"—I said "No," that was all—he (Clarke) walked about fifty yards with me—Benson was waiting in a cab a few yards from Great College Street—he had come up with me from Brighton—I believe it was the same cab which we had taken when we first arrived in London—I saw the reward offered for the cabdriver on the Saturday after the conversation with Clarke—the bill produced was the one I saw (It stated that at 8.30 a.m. on Wednesday, the 4th inst., a man, 36 years old, 5ft. 4 in oroft 5 in. in height, and of Jewish appearance,

hired a passing cab on Pentonville Hill. A reward of 2l. would be given to any one giving information as to where the fare was set down, supposed to be in the neighbourhood of Stoke Newington. Information to be given to Superintendent Williamson at Scotland Yard.) I had heard of inquiries before that bill was issued—I returned from Brighton a second time through receiving a copy of the bill—I went to the Midland on the morning of the 11th as I told Clarke I would, and saw Von Tornow at five minutes to ten—I had a conversation with him and gave him 10l. in a public-house in Judd Street—I next saw Clarke, I believe, about three days after Murray's arrest, about 30th Nov.—after the interview with Von Tornow I went back to Brighton with Benson, and stopped till Saturday—I then came up to London and went to my own house—I stayed there a month—on Tuesday, the 17th, I went to the Castle and Falcon—I saw Benson there—on the following day I saw Meiklejohn, and went with him to the Castle and Falcon, where Benson was staying—I said to Meiklejohn in the cab on the way to the Castle and Falcon, "I want you to tell Benson that Druscovich has said he must send that French servant of his away at once, or he will have nothing more to do with us"—Meiklejohn said he would—Meiklejohn said that they had got the boots up from the hotel at Glasgow—Meiklejohn also said that Superintendent Williamson before he left said to Druscovich, "Mind you catch those turf fraud swindlers before I come back"—we then arrived at the Castle and Falcon—when we got there Meiklejohn said "You must get rid of that Frenchman, or Druscovich will have nothing more to do with you"—Benson said "I would pack him off to-day, but my legs are so bad; I am afraid to travel alone; I am going down to Matlock, and will advertise for another servant there"—Benson had a conversation with Meiklejohn—I cannot remember all of it, but I do remember Benson saying "I intended to offer 200l., but I have made it 300l."—Meiklejohn said "What did you set that b——Jew on to me for? I suppose you did it? You make me an offer, Bill?"—I said "500l.; will that satisfy you?"—I said "Now you stand a bottle of champagne"—he said "No, make Poodle stand it"—I said "I shall have to pay you in Clydesdale notes, Jack?"—Meiklejohn said "All right, that will do as well"—this was in the evening—I said "Perhaps you will now pay me back the 20l. you borrowed of me"—Meiklejohn said "You may go and whistle for that"—I said "I will try and catch the train at Kentish Town and give you the money"—I was going off by train—Iwent and fetched the notes and met him at the Kentish Town station—I handed them into the carriage—they were Clydesdale bank notes which I had got from Benson—Benson was with Meiklejohn at the time, and I left them together when I went to fetch the notes—I met them again at the Kentish Town station—I next saw Meiklejohn on Friday, the 20th Oct., at Derby—I went to Derby in consequence of having received a letter from Benson—when I got to Derby I had a conversation with Benson, during a portion of which Meiklejohn was present, but during what portion I cannot remember—Meiklejohn said "I put one of those notes down in Manchester, and they made me put my name at the back; I put the name of James Turner"—Meiklejohn said also "We have sent for you to arrange about starting in another town"—I said "London won't do; what do you think of Birmingham?"—meikle john said "Do you know any of the police there?"—I said "No, but I know some one who does"—Benson said "I don't think the banking

facilities would suit us there"—Meiklejohn said "How would Dundee suit you? I could introduce you to Dewar there. Young Harry knows him; he used to be superintendent of the police at Greenock"—I said "I don't think the postal arrangements would suit us at Dundee, it is too far north; I think Edinburgh would be the best town to start in; I have got Gollan square there"—Meiklejohn said "Why not get at Linton?"—I said "Do you know Linton?"—Benson was present during the whole of the conversation—Meiklejohn said "Grollan can introduce us to him"—I said "Will you and Benson go down there and get an introduction to him?"—Meiklejohn said "No, you had better come down yourself"—after that I went to Matlock—on the Tuesday following I went to New-market—while there I saw Druscovich—there was a man with him at the time standing some thirty yards off—the man seemed to be taking notice of me—I spoke to Druscovich—we had a racing conversation—I went back to London the same night—I next saw Druscovich, I think, on the 30th or 31st at Dicks' Hotel, Temple Bar—on that occasion Druscovich said "I have satisfied Abrahams to-day in an argument I had with him—I have shown him that the notes which they stopped first came in last; but somebody has mentioned your name to him; I told him the cabman had seen you, I cannot do any more"—I said to Druscovich "Who told Abrahams about me?"—he said "The editor of a paper"—I asked him "The editor of what paper?" and he produced a letter from his pocket with "William Kurr "pencilled on the back of it—he then said "I will tell Meiklejohn the name of the paper"—I produced a copy of the Sportsman—from my pocket, and pointed to it significantly, and Druscovich nodded—Meiklejohn. was present at this conversation—Mr. Ashley is the editor of the Sportsman—I do not know that he knew me—Meiklejohn said "I am going back to Derby—are you coming my road, Bill?"—Druscovich said "No, don't go with him—I want to speak to you"—with that Meiklejohn left us—I said "What is it you want to say to me?"—Druscovich said "Ride a little way in my cab with me"—I did so—he said "I have not had enough, Bill"—I said "Very well, you must have some more, what time shall I see you to-morrow?"—he said "Twelve o'clock"—I said "Where abouts"—he said "At the Northumberland Hotel"—I said "That is very near to Flintoff's"—he said "It don't matter a damn, I have had you identified," referring to the cabman seeing me, the man who was apparently looking at me at Newmarket—I said I would be there at twelve o'clock—I kept the appointment next day, and I gave Druscovich 100l. and some jewellery—I had been with Benson to Benson's on Ludgate Hill, and got the jewellery on 1st November, the same day that I gave the money—I think it was a necklet or bracelet or something—I paid 20l. or 25l. for it—on Thursday, and November, Benson went to Edinburgh—I remained in London till the next day, and then went to Leeds—I did not stay there five minutes—I met Meiklejohn there, and went on with him to Edinburgh, and ultimately on the Saturday to the Bridge of Allan, and met Benson there, that was by arrangement between Benson and myself; we stayed at the Queen's Hotel—I passed as Gifford, and Benson as Yonge, and Meiklejohn in his own name—this (produced) is the visitors' book—I see the name of Yonge here—I don't think that is Benson's writing—it appears to be the waiter's, with the word "London" added to it—I see my own writing here "Gifford"—before we were at the Bridge of Allan I believe

it was arranged that Benson should be introduced to Mr. Monteith, of tie Alloa branch of the Clydesdale Bank, to open an account there—I did not hear the arran ement made—I know that he wasintroduced—I was not present—on the Sunday, the 5th November, we went to dinner at Dumblane—there were present at the dinner Wilson, a detective officer of Glasgow, Gollan, a detective of Edinburgh, Meikiejohn, myself, and Benson—Dumblane is about three miles from the Bridge of Allan—I had not driven over there—Benson and Meikiejohn had, or rather Benson met Meikiejohn at his house I believe—at this time I had about 6,000l. of the notes obtained in Glasgow, and Benson about the same—on the 9th I opened an account at the Alloa branch in the name of William Gifford—this (produced) is the paying in slip—(This was for 500l. paid in by william Gifford on 9th Noevember, 1876)—it was in one Clydesdale note, and four others, either of the City of Glasgow Bank, or the Royal, two of each—I had got them from Benson on his return from his expedition to Scotland—while we were at the Bridge of Allan I saw accounts in the papers of this fraud, and on Friday the 10th I received a telegram—I destroyed it—it was from W. Brown, London, to Gifford, Queen's Hotel—"D. is coming down to-night. Get Shanks out of the way." The first telegram I received was at 3.20. I received three or four that day. W. Brown's came at 3.20, one from Parry about 4, I think, and another one from W. Brown about 8.20. The first one was: "If Shanks is near the Isle of Wight, let him come and see you." I can't recollect any more of that telegram—this is it (produced)—of course I received a duplicate of that—this was the contents of it—(Read; "From W. Brown, London, November 6th. West Strand Postal District, 3.24. To W. Gifford, Queen's Hotel, Bridge of Allan. If Shanks is near the Isle of Wight let him leave at once, and see you, a letter follows.") The next one was from Parry to Gifford—Street passed by the name of Parry—it was—"The air is very bracing here; shall go to London; not being interested, don't care about throwing a chance away." That came from Edinburgh about 8.20, I should think—I was in the act of leaving the hotel when the last telegram came—we had been dining together—I read it, and took it upstairs to Benson—that was the one. "D. is coming down to-night, let Shanks keep out of the way." Of course I guessed that D. was Druscovich, and Shanks Benson—there was no pre-arranged name, but I understood that—finding that Druscovich was coming down that night, I had a conversation with Benson, and left for Glasgow—I knew that William Brown was Palmer; at least, I did not know that of my own knowledge—when I got to Glasgow I telegraphed to Palmer—this is the telegram. (Read: "From Gifford, Post Office, Glasgow, to Palmer, 38, Methley Street, Kennington Cross, London. Your telegram received. Does our friend go to Edinburgh or Bridge? also say by what train if possible, as I wish to join him. Very important is he alone. I will await your telegram all night. Post office here open all night. I want reply to three questions, reply paid for. Glasgow, November 10th. Sent out at 11.45 p. 5s. 6d. paid for reply.") I received a reply at 4 a.m.—I destroyed it—the reply I received was—"D. is coming down, and will meet the cabman in Edinburgh." I cannot be certain as to the wording of that telegram—it asked for a reply to three questions, but I had read another telegram in the meantime, so I did not trouble myself at all about this telegram—the telegram I read in the meantime was from

Mr. Wilson—I read it in the detectives' room at the Central Police Office in Glasgow, about three in the morning—that was from Wilson to the superintendent of police, Glasgow—I had sent the telegram to Palmer, I think about 12.45, or about 12 at night, and received the reply about 4 a.m.—you see that telegram answered the three questions that I wanted to know—I then went to Edinburgh, and from there I telegraphed to Druscovich at the police-office in Meiklcjohn's name—this is it. (Bead: "November 11th, 1876. Meet me at ten o'clock, end of Prince's Street, Caledonian station. Can give you information; must see you without fail; will wait till you come; important; come immediately on receipt of this.") I went to the corner of Prince's Street at ten o'clock—I saw Druscovich, and we went into the Rutland Hotel—I said to Druscovich "I suppose you are going to the Bridge of Allan?"—he said "Yes"—I said "I suppose you got your information from the servant girl in the Isle of Wight?"—Druscovich said "Yes, and a gentleman who was connected with Yonge's bankruptcy has been to the office"—I said "If you don't go to the Bridge of Allan I will give you l,000l."—Druscovichsaid "I must go"—I said "If you go making inquiries you will settle Meiklejohn, he has introduced Yonge to a bank manager there"—Druscovich said "I can't help it, I must go"—I said "You will find a letter there from Palmer, don't give that up"—Druscovich said "Why don't you go to the Bridge of Allan, and get the letters away first"—I said "If I do I shall be seen by McNab the cabman"—Druscovich said "I will keep in the hind part of the train, and you go near the engine"—this is the telegram I spoke of just now—I have never seen Druscovich write. (Superintendent Williamson: "This is Druscovich's writing.") (Read:" From Superintendent Williamson, Scotland Yard, London, to Superintendent Brown. Inspector Druscovich will arrive at Edinburgh to-morrow morning; send McNab by first train to meet him at the station, they will then proceed to Stirlingshire for a couple of days.") I had seen a duplicate of that—Druscovich and I were together at this interview for about fifteen minutes—after seeing Druscovich I telegraphed to Benson, as from Jackson to Clarkson, to Linlithgow, or Perth, I cannot recollect which—I went to Carlisle, then to Leeds, and ultimately to Derby to Meiklejohn's house—Benson had arrived there before me—this would be Sunday the 12th November—Benson and I stopped at Derby with Meiklejohn hour hours—duringthat time an arrangement was made as to what was to become of me and Benson—it was arranged that Benson should go to Leicester, and that I should go to London, and find out from Scotland Yard what Druscovich had been doing—I communicated to Meiklejohn what had passed between me and Druseovich—I have no recollection of Meiklejohn saying anything as to what proof there would be about his having been at the Bridge of Allan—I had left 500l. behind me at the Alloa bank—in order to get that back 1 sent Murray with these two cheques to Alloa on the 13th—(One of these was drawn by Henry Yonge for 3,000l., and the other by William Gifford for 500l., both in favour of Mr. Carson)—on the 13th I received a telegram from Meiklejohn—I destroyed it—this (produced) is the original in Meiklejohn's writing. (Read: "From Thompson to Kurr, 29, Marquess Road, Canonbury. November 13th. Come to Leicester by 2.30 from St. Pancras without fail. Just heard from the Contractor. I will be there.") "The Contractor "is Druscovich—in consequence of that I went down to Leicester at once—I there found Benson and Meiklejohn—Meiklejohn

said "We have sent for you to arrange which is the best place for Yonge to go to"—I said "I think he had better go by Larne to Portland"—meaning Portland at Maine, United States—Benson said "I have sent Pierre away to America"—I said "I was going to London to find out whether they had received any notices at Londonderry or Larne"—Benson said that he was too late for the Irish mail that night—he would go the following day—the notices "were not in print at that time—I came back on the night of the 13th, and saw Chief Inspector Clarke—I saw him in consequence of a conversation that I had with Street—in consequence of that communication I went to the Duke of York's steps at eight o'clock on the Tuesday or Wednesday, I cannot fix it myself, and saw Clarke—Clarke said "What have you done with that fellow?"—I said "I have told him to go away from Londonderry or Larne, have you sent any notices away to those ports?"—Clarke said "We have been sending them away to-day"—I said "Have you sent any to Londonderry or Lame?"—he said "No, he can go from either of those ports"—Clarke said "Where is Lame?"—I said "In the north of Ireland"—on that occasion I saw Palmer walking up and down during the whole of this conversation—Clarke said "Did any one follow you?"—I said "Yes, I have seen Palmer following me"—he said "That is all right"—that was all that passed that I recollect—this was about eight o'clock in the evening—I saw Murray on the 13th—this interview with Clarke was either on the 14th or 15th—on 19th November I came back to London from a visit to Birmingham and other places to look after Benson—it would be Monday that I came back and met Benson in a railway carriage on the Great Western—Street met me by arrangement—we took a cab from the station and drove to the Kennington Road—we stopped the cab there and Street and I walked—that was about a quarter of a mile from Palmer's house—Benson remained in the cab—I walked as far as the Vestry Hall—Street there left me for some little time—he then rejoined me, and we went back to the cab in which Benson was still alone—I think these bills were out after that—Meiklejohn had previously told me that he had seen the bill being written out at Scotland Yard ready for print—Murray was arrested on 27th November—about three days after his arrest I saw Inspector Clarke at eight o'clock, at the Duke of York's steps, it was the 30th—I believe I wrote to Clarke to procure that meeting, I can't say for certain—when we met Clarke said "They have got Palmer's letter"—I said "What do they say about it"—he said "Williamson said to Palmer, 'It is painfully like your writing.' I have advised him to go sick"—Clarke also said "They have got one of mine on blotting-paper, a few words in a printed hand, which they cannot identify"—I said "It was Druscovich's fault for bringing them back"—he said "Druscovich is a man I don't trust, do you? How long have you known him?"—I said "About six months"—Clarke said "How long have you known Von Tornow?"—I said "About two years"—Clarke said "They suspect him. Did you send a telegram to Druscovich while you were in Edinburgh?"—I said "Yes"—Clarke said "The Scotchmen put the blame on us"—I said "I don't think there is a case against Murray"—Clarke said "Who is that man Savory? when he came to Scotland Yard he said 'If you search the public-houses round you will find Kurr with all the money in his pocket' "—I said "Savory is a man of bad character, and has been convicted of perjury"—Clarke said "I

am glad you know something about him. We had to search Murray's house the other night, Druscovich and I, and we found that d——d scamp Walters there; we were glad to let him slip out at the back. It would hare been a nice mess if we had taken him too; we had two sergeants with us, we left them outside"—Clarke said "There is another unpleasant thing, you or Benson have been saying that I received 400l. out of the Walters and Murray job"—I said "Where did you hear that?"—Clarke said "In the City"—I said "Who told you?"—he said it did not matter—I said "I will tell you how the story originated—Shore told a man named Levy, and Levy told Bailey, the chief of the City, and Bailey sent a man named Krampowiski to see me and tell me "-Clarke said "I will see Shore about it"—I don't recollect anything further—I entrusted certain cheques to Murray on 13th November, and also entrusted him with money and notes to the amount of 300l. or 400l.—I first heard of his arrest on 28th November, the day after he was arrested—I know Henry Stenning; he was staying in my house at the time of Murray's arrest—I was in the habit of going about with him and exchanging clothes with him, to render my identification difficult—on hearing of Murray's arrest I sent Stenning to Mr. Froggatt, who I had heard of—I first saw Froggatt on 4th December, at the corner of Southampton Row, with Meiklejohn, who said "Of course you know Benson is buckled"—I said "Yes, I heard it to-day"—buckled means arrested—Froggatt said "Why didn't you come and see me yourself, instead of seeing a man who don't understand it?"—I said "I don't care about trusting people I don't know when there is a reward of 1,000l. out"—Froggatt said "Meiklejohn knows me"—Meiklejohn said "Oh, yes, you can stand him for your life; as you have introduced him I have no objection to speak openly"—I said "I was thinking of sending a telegram in the name of Mr. Williamson to the police at Rotterdam, saying that Benson is not the man we want"—Froggatt said "That is a d——d good idea; if you had come to me earlier you would have known about Benson's arrest—on Sunday"—I said "How was that?"—Froggatt said "The man who was on reserve at Scotland Yard opened Mr. Williamson's telegram and came to my house"—Froggatt then produced a piece of paper in the street and proceeded to draft out a telegram; he wrote, "Morton, the man you have in custody," and I added "and the two men you have in custody," and I said "The two men are under observation, they will never get away from Rotterdam, so you must conclude they are arrested"—Froggatt then wrote "liberate them"—I added "Immediately"—he said "No, it won't do to be too anxious about it, leave it as it is"—he completed the draft of the telegram, handed it to me, and said "Won't old Williamson scratch his head when he sees this?" and he said "I look to you to return my draft"—I afterwards did so—I left them, taking the draft with me, and joined Stenning, and told him to copy it on a continental telegraph form and send it—that was between 6 and 7 p.m.—I went back within ten minutes, and Froggatt and Meiklejohn were still there—I said "I have got that sent"—Froggatt said "I suppose you sent Stenning with it, I hope it comes off"—I said "I suppose you want some money"—he said "The other is all gone"—that referred to money he had received from Stenning for Murray's defence—I said "Will you go over to Rotterdam and see what you can do?"—Froggatt said "Yes"—I said "See if you can square the matter straight over there"—Froggatt

said "A 50l. note will go a Iong way over there; I think you had better leave it and see the result of this telegram"—I said "Yes, I will meet you here to-morrow," that would be the 5th, "at the Red Lion, Southampton Row"—I kept that appointment, and Froggatt said "Do you want to sell any of those notes? I fetched a banker over from Paris, but he told him a lot of lies. Do you know a man named Pick? he has told me all about you. If you want to sell the notes I will send Pick to you, but you will have to go over to Paris"—he said "I will take the notes over, if you like"—I said "That won't suit me either; I will meet the banker in Dover"—Froggatt said "Well, you had better see Pick and arrange with" him"—I said "I want to oppose the extradition; I should like to get the opinion of Mr. Benjamin"—he said "I think Mr. Grain will be able to answer what you want to know, and you can consult him about Murray's defence"—I said "Will you fix a conference with Mr. Grain?"—he said that he would, and nothing further passed—he afterwards introduced Piquot to me—I had a conversation with Piquot, and I told Froggatt that Piquot and I did not agree—I met Piquot at the Mitre, in Kingsgate Street—we then went to Mr. Grain's chambers about the defence of Murray and the extradition—on the following Saturday I received a small note from Froggatt, asking me to come to London Bridge station—the note has been destroyed, it was on the margin of a newspaper: "Meet me at London Bridge station at," I think, "six o'clock"—I went, and met him there—Froggatt said "I have got an introduction to a merchant man named Moses, a man who knows all the police there—he produced a letter, it was written in French—he read it to me in English—I said "I suppose you will want some money, here is 50l.," and I said "How am I to know whether any warrants are applied for while you are away?"—he said "My clerk will tell you"—on. The same occasion I said "You had better give me one of your cards," or" your authority"—Froggatt said "I will give you one of my cards"—he then took the card and wrote on the back of it, and handed it to me—this is the card (produced): "Mr. Edward Froggatt, 6, Argyle Street, Regent Street, London. Dear Sir,—If you have any news as to warrants against any other parties, tell my clerk, Mr. Lewis. Yours, E. F. To Mr. Costigan." I understood Froggatt to say that Mr. Costigan was a clerk of the Marlborough Street Police Court—he also gave me this other card "Edward Froggatt, solicitor, 6, Argyle Street, Regent Street," and on the back, "Lewis, instruct George Iiaines for me as you will be told by bearer. E. F."—I do not recollect what that card was for; some unimportant affair—Mr. Froggatt went off that night by the train—I saw him about a week after in Southampton Row—lie said "I have seen Morton and the others, and I have seen the Minister of Justice; they only hear evidence of identity"—he said "I gave the governor over there a tenner; he put Collins on black bread and water, so I got that altered"—Collins was my brother, Frederick Kurr—I said "What sort of man is the governor?"'—he said "he did not know what to make of that 10l. note, he has never seen so much in his life"—Froggatt said "Were you thinking of getting at him, then?"—I said "Yes"—he said "If you go over there they will very likely stick to you, they have made a lot of inquiries about you"—he said "I have got a French directory to get from the Southborough Road"—I said "My gig is waiting here, I will drive you there;" and I drove to my own house first with him—as I was coming out from my house I met

Funnell—I was just going to get into the gig when Froggatt said "I will just see what old Funnell wants, you drive round the corner and wait for me"—I drove round the corner and waited for Froggatt—Froggatt said "Old Funnell said 'Who is that man?'" and he said "Oh, that is Jack Smith the racing man"—I drove Froggatt to the Southborough Road—he got out and went to a house there—when he came back to the gig he said "We are too late; Lambert has been here and got it away"—he showed me a receipt that Lambert had given the landlady for the directory—Froggatt kept the receipt—I saw Froggatt after this almost daily, and used to inquire from him whether there was any warrant out for my apprehension—I knew Sawyer—I saw him at the Half Moon at Dulwich on the 26th December with Froggatt—he said "I have had a letter from a man named Sawyer in answer to the letter you sent to Abrahams"—I had sent a letter to Mr. Abrahams anonymously—I caused these (letters produced) to be sent; I did not send them myself—I said to Froggatt "Who is this man Sawyer?"—he said "He is clerk at the Middlesex sessions"—he said "You must know him, he gets a bit out of stopping the jacketing up there"—that is, when a detective or an officer at the sessions is going to give a prisoner a bad character or speak to his previous conviction—he said they would want 3,000l., 800l. of it to be in English money—by they "I mean Mr. Abrahams and Sawyer—Meiklejohn was present at this conversation—I said "Do you know Sawyer, Jack, can I trust him?" Meiklejohn said "Oh yes, you can trust him for your life"—I think there was nothing further beyond arranging to meet Sawyer—that was the 20th December—the last interview that I have spoken of that I had with Clarke was about the 30th November—I next saw him about the 8th December, I think, at the Duke of York steps—he said "I thought you got that man Yonge away to America; what a foolish thing to send that telegram to Rotterdam; the governor suspects one of us, he says he will make an example if he finds out who sent it," and "I thought the other two (referring to Bale and my brother, who were arrested) were in New York"—I said "I told them to go, I could not help it"—he said "Yonge has given a letter out by some Dutchman saying that if you do not get him out he will tell all he knows"—this letter was intended to reach me in some way—I said "Who are translating the documents for the Treasury?"—Clarke said "Albert"—I said "Is there any chance of me getting at them?"—Clarke said "What shall you do?"—I said "Put them behind the fire"—Clarke said "Ah, you are too late"—he asked who the other two men were—I said "One is my brother"—the other was Bale, but I do not remember whether I told him so or not—I saw Clarke again on 29th December by appointment at the same place—I said "I have heard from a man named Sawyer, he has made an offer to settle the prosecution"—Clarke said "Palmer has told me something about it, I do not believe in it"—Clarke also said, "I will tell you something, Mr. Abrahams came to me and showed me your letters, and said 'How are we to get this money?'" and he had previously told me that he intended getting a warrant out for you"—I said "Froggatt has got the clerk squared at Marlborough Street, so I shall know when they make application for a warrant"—Clarke said "You are only a boy, I have had experience before you were born; never you trust a lawyer"—I said "They can only give Yonge two years for what they are going: to extradite him for"—he said "Oh, can't they, did not they give Von

Howard five years for the same tiling? you are quite right in coming to me for my advice, but they are both (referring to Sawyer and Froggatt) shifty customers, I should not trust them"—this was about eight o'clock in the evening—before we parted I said "If I want to see you again, shall I write to you?"—Clarke said "Yes, write a letter saying that you have some information to give me over the De Tourville case"—that was some case that Clarke had charge of; some extradition case for murder—I said "No, I won't write, I will meet you here at eight o'clock on Sunday"—that would be the 31st—I met Sawyer and Froggatt together at the Half Moon at Dulwich on the 26th December; we had a conversation—Sawyer said that Mr. Abrahams was going to get a warrant out for me, and that I could settle by giving up 2,000l., so that by giving 3000l. they would get the Countess back to France without prosecuting—that was the pith of the conversation—I can give you the whole of it if you like—the 31st was the night on which I was arrested—I saw Froggatt on the 27th, and went with him to a cafe in Nassau Street, Soho—we joined Sawyer there—Sawyer said they wanted 300l. more—I said "I shall have to consult my friends before I can give you an answer to that"—I remember seeing Mr. Froggatt on the 30th at the Blue Posts in Great Portland Street, not far from the Marlborough Street police-court—he left me for a few moments and returned, and then I went to the court with him—I don't think he told me anything when he came back from the court except that there was no one there now; that I could come over and see Murray—I went over to the court and I saw Murray—I had a conversation with Murray, but I do not think Froggatt heard that—Froggatt said "There has been a consultation with the Magistrate by Mr. Poland and Mr. Pollard from the Treasury—he said that he had to go to the Clerkenvell Police Court, and on his return he had to meet the clerk, who would tell him what had taken place—I saw Froggatt in the evening at the Mitre—I said 'What was that conference about?"—Froggatt said "They made an application for a warrant for you, but it was refused"—he produced a piece of paper with the words "Flintoff, Northumberland Hotel refreshments"—he said "Flintoff cannot identify you, so that is all right"—in leaving the Court on the 30th, I had a conversation with Froggatt about getting Murray away from Marlborough Street—I said "From what I could see of this place, Murray could get away from here, as long as they do not put him in the cells"—he said "We shall have to give old Poole 100 quid; he will be sure to get the sack"—Poole is the gaoler—he commenced as if drawing a plan on the palm of his hand of the place—I said "I will come and see it myself in the week"—Froggatt said "All right"—this was on Saturday the 30th of December—on the next day I was arrested, and taken to the Islington police station—itvas about eight o'clock at night—I was going to see Clarke at the Duke of York steps—Stenning was with me—I believe he tried to prevent my being arrested, but I could not see what he did—I sent him with a message to Froggatt—Froggatt came to me about ten o'clock the same night—I said "Will you go down to Scotland and see if you can stop a banker giving evidence of the name of Monteith"—Froggatt said "Yes; how do the trains go?"—he then asked Mr. Williamson if he would send out for a time-table—Mr. Williamson did not hear the conversation, he was in the large room—Mr. Williamson sent for a time-table, and

handed it to Froggatt—I then said "I think perhaps you had better leave that till to-morrow, and come and see me up at the court, I might want you there"—I also said "How do you account for this? I suppose Sawyer was nosing for Mr. Abrahams?"—Froggatt said "I cannot account for it"—I saw him the next day at Marlborough Street police-court—I said "Will you send Stenning to Flintoff, and to the potman at the Northumberland Hotel? tell Flintoff to say that he make a mistake last night; the light was bad, and he made a mistake in identifying me"—Froggatt said he would send Stenning to Flintoff—then I saw Froggatt a second time—he said "I have seen Flintoff myself; I have offered him fifty quid"—I said "What did he say?"—Froggatt said "He did not agree; but if he cannot do you any good, he won't do you any harm"—Froggatt also said "I have told him that you are a brother mason"—I said "All right; what about the potman at the Northumberland Hotel?"—he said "Stenning has promised him a fiver; he says he won't identify you"—he also said "I have arranged with Stenning to stand just in the door of the court so that he can pop into the dock instead of you"—I said "That is all nonsense; tell Stenning to leave the court at once"—when I was brought up before the magistrate, Flintoff was examined as a witness, and identified me—in the course of the examination Stenning was pointed out by one of the detectives who arrested me, as one who sought to rescue me, and upon that Stenning was ordered into custody—I saw Froggatt the day after Stenning had been tried in this court for that rescue—Froggatt said "What ought that Flintoff to be done to; ought not he to be lagged?"—I said "Yes"—Froggatt said "What would you give?"—I said "50"—Froggatt said "I will take you at your word; I have got a summons out against him to-day, returnable next Thursday, that will suit you; I have got two good witnesses"—I said "Who are they?"—he said "My clerk, Lewis, and a client of mine, both heard Flintoff offer me 50l."—I said "Those witnesses would not be enough"—I said "Cannot you get Savory to swear that he heard the conversation "—Savory was a witness who was called in the case—he said "No; Savory is a villain; once a villain, always a villain"—he said "I am going now to instruct George Lewis to prosecute"—that was all on that occasion.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I am twenty-six years of age—my father was a baker in the Caledonian Road—I began to earn a living when I was about fourteen, as a clerk on the South-Eastern Railway—I remained there about twelve months, and then ran away—after that I took to racing, backing horses at the London Clubs, George Yard, Exchange, at the bottom of Snow Hill, where they bet in a yard—I remained there about twelve months—then I went to a money-lender's, West or Haines, in Brook Street, Grosvenor Square—it was called the Grosvenor Investment Society, or something like that—it was a money lending concern—I was a clerk—I stayed there six months—the company went to rack and ruin, shut up, and I went back to racing—from the year 1871 up to the time of my arrest I derived my living by plundering and swindling the public—from the time that I left the company up to 1871 I continued betting on the turf—my first fraudulent venture was in St. John Street Road, City—that was a turf affair, backing horses that did not have a chance—a man named Howard was associated with me in the John Street scheme—no one

else—it was not very profitable—it lasted about twelve months—the newspapers refused to insert any more advertisements—we realized 100l., 200l., or 300l. perhaps—I cannot tell you nearer than that—Howard was a bookmaker—he is one still—I dissolved partnership with him—he did not join me in any subsequent swindles—I think the John Street business began about 1870—the next swindle was, I think, Green and Saunders, Agar Chambers, Strand—myself and a man named Willoughby were associated in that; no one else—it was a system of discretionary investments—we advised persons to hack horses by means of this system—it was a very good system in theory, but not in practice; good for us, but not for the public—it was not exactly a winning matter, it was putting their money into our pockets—that lasted about three months—we made a few hundred pounds by it—I cannot tell exactly how much; under 1,000l.—the Treasury prosecutions put an end to that—I was not prosecuted, hut there were a number of other prosecutions, and I thought it was time to shut up shop—the next was "Warner, Harvey, and Co., another swindle in Great George Street, Edinburgh—Murray was associated with me in it; also my brother, the one that is dead, and Willoughby—that was successful; it lasted about three months—we made about 500l. perhaps, I could not say exactly—Murray, myself, and Willoughby divided it—the scheme was, advising persons to back horses—you send so much money to back a certain horse, the horse I advise you to back is one that I think has got no chance, and we keep the money—or suppose instead of backing that horse with me you back it with some one else and win 1,000l. perhaps you give me out—I was the author of all these schemes—the next was I hilip Gardner and Co.—Murray, myself, Street, and a man named Eustace composed the firm—it was carried on in Elder Street, Edinburgh—it lasted two or three months—I don't think I lost or gained anything by it—it was put an end to by Eustace being arrested; they bailed him out, then he appeared; he was neither convicted nor tried—Meiklejohn settled that prosecution—I have said that I had a certain amount of ill feeling against Meiklejohn, because I believed he was conspiring with Sawyer to rob me of 3,000l.—after Philip Gardner and Co. came to an end I went to America and opened a firm there—it was a turf swindle—it lasted about a fortnight perhaps—I did not make money by it—I stopped in America about six months altogether—I did not do anything the rest of the time; I had got money—while there I formed the acquaintance of a man named Michael Read—we came over to this country in the same vessel—I believe he was afterwards tried for a burglary and an attempt to murder, and convicted—I did not know anything of his business at all—I would not form an acquaintance unless he was respectable—I returned from America in September, 1873—then I started the Edinburgh affair—it started in London, but the persons defrauded were Scotchmen—it did not have a name—only Street was my companion in it it lasted six days—it was carried on in London at Thornhill Eoad and Regent Square—I made about 300l. or 400l. in that time—the next adventure was in Howard Square, Glasgow; another fraud—systematic investments—it lasted about three months—Street, myself, and Bale were in it—we made about 3,000l. by that—I always did all the work, and took the greatest share of the plunder—the next was Archer and Co., Adam Street, Stand—Benson, Street, Bale, and myself were in it—I should have told

you that Benson was in the previous fraud, the Glasgow one—Archer and C lasted about six days—it was a system of betting in Prance, fraudulent betting—that is the place where I used to send Street to waylay letters, and I used to remain in the street to waylay Street—I sometimes went for the letters myself, but generally sent Street to get them, then waylaid him to get the letters from him—we made about 4,000l. in the six days in the Strand—the scheme was my invention, carried out by Benson—Benson used to translate the articles into French and write the French correspondence—that was the fraud where Street was taken into custody by Druscovich—then Archer and Co., after Street was given into custody and taken to Scotland Yard, was moved from London to Brighton, notice being given to the Post Office authorities in London to forward all correspondence to Archer and Co. to a certain address in Brighton—it lasted there about a week—we received there something under 1,000l.—then as far as England is concerned Archer and Co. collapsed, we carried it on in West Regent Street, Glasgow—we made about 8,000l. there, defrauding foreigners—the profits were shared almost equally by Benson, myself, Street, and Bale—Bale's share came to about 1,100l.—the next thing was Walters and Murray, insurances against losses on the turf—we did not derive any profit from that, because the remittances were all stopped at the post office, and the accounts that we sent for advertisements were detained by the St. Petersburg police—we made use of Savory to get a number of gentlemen to go before the secretary to the post office to say that one of our companions, Montague, was a respectable man, in order to get the letters—Savory had 10l. for getting Lord Clinton to come up—I do not know whether he pocketed the 10l. or gave it to Lord Clinton to come up and identify Montague—I think I gave Savory about another 5l. for getting Colonel Chamberlain to appear to give the same false testimony—also a sovereign to somebody else—I think Walters settled with Dr. Owen Evans, and I think he had 5l. or 10l. to be a witness at the application before the Lord Mayor for the parcels, and to appear at the General Post Office and say he knew Montague as a respectable man—that was false—Walters also settled with a Captain Berkeley—I cannot answer that the amounts I am giving you are ail correct; I am giving them as near as I can—Savory got them to come—I was privy to it—I was to pay Savory about 5l.—the solicitor, Mr. Stokes, of Chancery Lane, took them before the secretary, except Lord Clinton—I know Daniel Porch and George Manning—Berkeley gave Meiklejohn information, that his (Berkeley's) name was improperly used by me—Berkeley was induced to meet me at Elphinstone's wine-shop in Holloway—that was a scheme of myself and Meiklejohn to get his letters—I do not know of his being induced to come by means of false telegrams—Walters and Murray were afterwards apprehended on warrants—no revolvers were used at the interview with Berkeley, nor knuckledusters, nor bludgeons, nor anything of the sort—Porch gave us the papers; they were thrown on the fire and destroyed by Waiters—Berkeley subsequently informed against us all, and warrants were issued—Walters and Murray were acquitted of the charge of assault and then re-arrested—Berkeley swore falsely—I would not do that—the City of Paris Loan was the next fraud of Benson, Bale, and myself—it was Benson's invention—that was a loss—it existed about a week, and was carried on at Dover and in London—the De Goncourt was the next fraud—I and my creatures bribed the

prisoners and Von Tornow with reference to the cab inquiry at the Midland, the police in Scotland Yard and in America, the warders in Newgate, in the House of Detention, and at Millbank, as well as the Post Office Inspectors Jebb and Godwin, and Inspector Bailey of the City Police, and a good many more who have been mentioned by me at the police-court, but not to-day.

Monday, October 29th, 1877.

WILLIAM KURR . (further cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS). When I was in the House of Detention Benson and I were in frequent communication by letter—not personally—I told you that I could tamper with the locks of the cells at the police-station, but I did not—I communicated with Benson at the House of Detention by putting notes behind the officers' heels—I also communicated by means of perforated zinc with my visitors; not with Benson—my visitors were a man named Hines and another named Higgins, who was one of the witnesses I called to support my perjured alibi—I was forty days in the House of Detention—I was in communication with Benson only occasionally during that time, extending over about thirty days, perhaps—I was in Newgate before my trial from February 10th to April 16th—I communicated with Benson by letter in Newgate through the solicitor Mr. Humphreys and his clerk—I swear I wrote on my solicitor's instructions, and told my solicitor to show it to Benson—that happened about ten times, perhaps—I also gave Benson letters in chapel—I also communicated with the outside world from Newgate with Colkett, who is my brother-in-law, Street, Higgins, Hines, Meiklejohn, Brown, and Hood—I don't recollect any one else—I sent out of Newgate about ten letters, perhaps, to these different parties before my conviction—I passed them out by a solicitor—a pseudo-solicitor—I invented a solicitor; he was Hood—some of my letters to Benson were written in ordinary language and some in slang—some could only be understood by Benson and myself—I had written to Street as "Dear Parry" while I was in Newgate—I did not write to him that Iwas offered two "stretches" instead of ten to give information against the "coppers"—two "stretches" meaning two years—of course I know what you mean—you ask me if I have written in slang, and that is a slang term;—I have not sent any letter or paper out of Millbank since my conviction—I swear I have not sent a piece of paper out to Fred Hines charging Street with having given up one of my letters written out of Newgate to the defendants—I have not written any such letter, or that I would give Meiklejohn a great deal more "Tea-garden stuff"—I know what "Garden stuff" means—not "Tea-garden stuff"—"Garden-stuff" is a slang term for giving information to the police of any stolen property—I know nothing about a piece of paper addressed to Froggatt left at a barber's shop at Thornhill, Barnsbury, since my conviction—I swear amongst the letters I wrote in Newgate I wrote one which was produced at the trial purporting to come from Bale's father—this is it (produced)—it was found on Benson in Newgats—I believe Bale has no father—it was to be sent to Benson's father in order to get him to assist his son—that was not a forgery—it is a draft of it—it is a fictitious document—it was passed to Benson for his approval before it was sent out, and was subsequently found on him and taken away—I can imitate some handwriting—Meiklejohn's letters are impossible to forge—I have therefore imitated none—I said before the

magistrate that I kept Meiklejohn's letters endorsed—you suggested "sorted and docketed"—I keep every paper—I had no intention in keeping them or hiding them under the boards—I kept a lot of things under the boards—I kept my tax papers under there—I didn't say I usually kept them there—I said before the magistrate "I have attempted to deceive one court by perjury," by other witnesses, I said; I did not commit perjury myself—I did not go in the box myself to do so—those were not my words—they were the words of whoever was examining me, and I said "Yes" to it—I did not say "I attempted to deceive my counsel on the trial and I instructed perjured witnesses to be called"—I said "to deceive the jury," and the magistrate said the words "and the jury "should be added—I did not want to deceive the counsel—it was the jury—we will leave it "the counsel and the jury"—I said "I contemplated perjury the night of my arrest"—that was to induce Monteith to commit perjury, and the next day I contemplated perjury again by inducing Flintoff to commit perjury—I say that I connived at Mr. Froggatt's bringing a false charge of perjury against Flintoff, when I knew that he was speaking the truth; but I knew at the same time it would end in nothing—I also suggested to him to get Savory to commit perjury against Flintoff, although, I knew Flintoff to be an innocent man—four or five witnesses were called to prove that I was at Sandown races on 31st August—they were called at my suggestion, all to swear what was false—I swore before the magistrate that Chief Inspector Clarke had also perjured himself to serve me—I say that I induced Clarke to commit perjury; that was true—Clarke was called on our trial at the latter part of one day, and was asked if he had seen me at Sandown on 31st August, and he said before he could answer accurately he must refer to his book—next morning he appeared with Ms book, and guided by that book he swore that he saw me on 31st August at Sandown—I mean to say that between night and morning I induced Clarke to make that perjured statement, I being in Newgate—I sent out my instructions—Clarke was in the witness-box about four in. the afternoon, and was recalled about twelve next morning—I had sent my instructions out previously to that, at ten in the morning before he was examined—I did not swear before the magistrate that the alibi occurred to me when Clarke was in the witness-box—I swear that—I had sent out my instructions, and I have identified the very document that I sent—I say now that the alibi did not occur to me while Clarke was in the box—I don't recollect swearing such a thing; if I did it was wrong—I will swear I did not—the alibi referred to the other men—I have given that evidence before, and it is true that is what I mean—I said before the magistrate that it was my brother-in-law Colkett that I sent to Clarke—I don't of course know who saw him—the other persons I got to support my alibi were William "Wiggins, James Griffin, a Mr. Clark, the proprietor of the Crown Brewery, in Sutton Street, Clerken-vvell—they were all communicated with on the same document—I wrote out full instructions, which I gave to Mr. Humphrey's clerk to give to Colkett, at ten in the morning, the day Clarke was first called—I contemplated corroborating Clarke by other persons—I thought of that at ten in the morning, and also when Clarke was in the witness-box—I mean to suggest that I sent out instructions through my solicitor to get perjured witnesses—when I first met Meiklejohn he suggested to me to start a

racing firm—I had never seen him to speak to before; that was at the second interview, in the presence of Murray; Murray heard it—I occasionally backed horses for Meiklejohn, or laid bets for him—the 500l. I gave him was not a sum of 400l. that I lent Meiklejohn, and which he repaid to me—I was constantly in the habit of meeting different detectives at race meetings, and talking to them—I frequently gave them information, racing information, not any other kind of information—I should not betray a friend, or I should have had my liberty before this—I have been offered my liberty if I would betray my friends—I don't know whether I shall get my liberty or not—I swore before the magistrate that I hoped to get a remission of my sentence, and that was the reason I gave my evidence; that is not betraying a friend—I know a man called Flash Fred—I have seen him on race-courses—I did not give information to the police about him—I know Steve Raymond, he was taken into custody for forgery—I did not give information to Meiklejohn about him, or where he was to be found—he was taken into custody by Palmer—I don't know where; it was in the neighbourhood of the Blue Coat Boy public-house—he had come up from the country—on my oath I did not betray him; the man who betrayed him was Meiklejohn's friend, Burke—Meiklejohn had introduced Burke to me—he is dead—Meiklejohn told me to send Raymond in the country, because Shore had got a warrant—he did go into the country, and came up again, and was then taken into custody—I never personated a detective—I remember Coletso, he represented himself to Benson as a man of means, not to me or in my presence—I incurred certain expenses in telegraphing abroad to find out, and did find out, that he was a swindler—I never saw Coletso in Benson's presence—I did not represent myself as a detective in that matter—I went to the Midland Hotel to get the money, but I never said who I was—I went to get back 16l., the cost of the telegrams to Galveston, Texas—I certainly did not on that occasion represent myself as a detective—I did not at any time tell Meiklejohn that I had got certain blank cheques on certain banks, or ask him to go the banks and see what they would give to get the cheques back—I remember asking Meiklejohn if he would give me some Bank of England cheques, and he said he would—I never gave him any blank cheques—I did not represent to Meiklejohn that I knew where the Gainsborough picture was, and could give information about it—I told him that I did not believe the picture was ever stolen—if Benson has sworn that I represented myself as a detective in the Coletso affair, that is untrue—before I was examined at Bow Street I gave perhaps thirty or forty written statements to the Treasury—I have given one long one since my examination at Bow Street—, that was in instalments, I cannot write 600 or 700 pages of foolscap in one day—I suppose there were about forty instalments altogether, more or less; it was all in one narrative—I have not had any interview with anybody in the prison since my examination at Bow Street—I made up my mind when I gave my evidence to say all I was asked, about anybody—I don't know whether I mentioned at Bow Street that Meiklejohn had told me he had changed a note in the name of Turner, at Manchester—it is perfectly true—probably I did not state it to the magistrate—I know I told the Treasury so—I don't know that I did not say it at Bow Street—I don't know that after I was examined a man was called who proved that Meiklejohn had changed a note in the name of Turner at Manchester; this is the first time I have heard of it—

I believe I did not not say anything at Bow Street about Meiklejohn calling the De Goncourt fraud a medley or a muddling story—I was not asked—I said it in my statement—I don't know that Benson said it after I had been examined—I have not communicated with the outer world" since I have been in Millbank—I am under the charge of the principal warder—the interview between Benson and Clarke at the Langham Hotel lasted about twenty minutes—I put myself in the bedroom to hear what passed; the door was shut—I was to hear through the keyhole—I did not put my ear there, but I judged that would be the simplest way for the sound to pass through—I heard some of it; a small portion—I hare told you a very small portion of a good many other twenty minutes, if I told you all it would take me three months—I have told you the whole that I remember of what I heard—the De Goncourt scheme was my invention, the actual scheme was invented on the 5th August, at my house—the outline of the scheme I had known for some time, but I wrote the article on Saturday; the draft of it—I communicated the scheme to Benson on his return from Dover, that would be on the Sunday, at my house, but I commuuicated with him, I think, at his house—I don't know whether it was first communicated to him at his house or mine; it was either at mine or his. Q. "When did you first discover that Yonge was Benson? A. I did not know it until I was told by Clarke, about the 17th November, 1876; up to that time I did not know that Yonge was Benson, who had been convicted of forgery on the Lord Mayor—I don't know now that he has been convicted of forgery; he was convicted of fraud, not forgery. Q. You did not think your scheme was a forgery, did you? A. Nor did you; I did not, simply by your advice—I did not believe at the time that I had committed forgery—I gave 10l. to Von Tornow on 11th October, and 5l. the Christmas before, at the Oxford Arms—no one was present—we went into a public-house in Judd Street—there was a potman there present—I don't know whether he saw it or not—I gave it him all in gold—when I was taken into custody I had a loaded revolver on me—I did not anticipate that I was going to be taken into custody—I did not tell Mr. Pollard that at the time I was arrested I was going to meet Sawyer; I said I was going to meet Clarke—I did not tell Mr. Pollard that Sawyer and Froggatt wanted me to let them have the 3,000l. of Clydesdale bank notes that they might pay them into a bank in their own names, and hold them for me, nor that I had told them I would take time to consider with my friends, and that I felt sure they meant to stick to the money, and that under those circumstances, and fearing that Sawyer knew too much of my affairs, I had made an appointment to meet them that Sunday night for the purpose of handing him the notes—I told Mr. Pollard that the appointment was to take place at an empty house—I did not say with Sawyer alone—I did not tell him that the appointment was for Sunday night; I said Monday—I had no appointment, only with Clarke; nor did I say so—I said I had made an appointment with Sawyer at an empty house—that was true—I was carrying the revolver to protect myself—I was in the habit of carrying 6,000l. or 7,000l. about me, and jewellery—I was afraid of being robbed, that was the reason I carried the revolver, no other reason. Q. Did you tell Mr. Pollard, in connection with that meeting with Sawyer at the empty house, that you had made up a parcel of old newspapers and a cashbox; that as you were leaving your house with your companions

you were arrested, and that you said "Thank God I was arrested"? A. Certainly not—I told him that I had intended to make up a parcel of newspapers, not that I had done so, and had taken them with me to meet sawyer.

Gross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. Prior to my meeting Druscovich in April, I thought it very desirable to have him in my pay—at that time Meiklejohn had intimated to me that Druscovich was rather a difficult person to approach—prior to April, 1876, I had never spoken to Druscovich—I knew the position that he filled at Scotland Yard, and that he had been in the service a number of years, and that he was a foreigner Benson was never present at any interview that I had with Druscovich—I remember an occasion when I and Benson and Meiklejohn were in a cab together, after the 60l. loan—Meiklejohn asked Benson if he knew how Druscovich had been squared—Meiklejohn said he did not know I can't remember whether Meiklejohn said that one Sunday evening, early in the spring of that year, while he and I were at a public-house, a message was sent to him that he was wanted immediately—I am inclined to think it was said—it is scarcely correct to say that he said—when he got home he found Druscovich—he said that he went home and a message was left, and he came out to meet me, and Druscovich called in the meantime, and Druscovich was sent over to him; it is almost to the same effect, but not exactly as you put it—he did not say he had found Druscovich at his house—he said that Druscovich was in great distress, and that he wanted 60l. or he was a ruined man—that Druscovich bad told him that he had backed a bill for his brother—he did not say that he said to Druscovich "I have got the very man; I have just left him"—he told Benson something to the effect that he had replied "Heis a friend of mine, and is an owner of racehorses, and a perfect gentleman, who will lend the money"—of course I might miss a word here and there in the jolting of the cab; the substance of it is correct—the first interview I had with Druscovich was on the 9th April, in Fentiman Road; the second was on the 10th August, at the Oriental Restaurant—that is the empty house—the next was on 13th April, at Ascot—I spoke to him there, but nothing in reference to this matter—the next was at the Swan at Stock well; the only date I can give you for that was about three days after his return from Jersey, in August—to the best of my belief it was the latter end of August—it was the day of the date of the letter that I received from Meiklejohn, that will fix the date—it may have been in September—it was earlier than September 20th—the next occasion was on the 25th, at the Northumberland Hotel; the next was on the 26th, under the arch in Craven Street, Strand; the next was the 27th, at the Midland Hotel, that was when he came up from Derby—I had gone down to Derby on the morning of the 27th—Benson came back that night—I had left at eight, and came back by the 5.10—the next occasion was on the 30th, first at the Kentish Town platform, and then at the public-house—the next, I think, was on 16th November, in the South Lambeth Road, not far from where he lives—the next time was at Dick's Hotel, on 31st October—that was before the other—the next was on 1st November, at the Northumberland Hotel—I have omitted one interview, on 23rd of October, at Newmarket—the next was 5th November, at Edinburgh—then comes the 16th or 17th November, in the South Lambeth Road—I do not recollect any other meeting—when before the magistrate I did not say that prior to

the loan of 60l. Meiklejohn told me that he had told Druscovich that he could not lend him the money, but he would get Bill Kurr to do so, and that thereupon Duscovich said "Will he keep his mouth shut?" and that Meiklejohn said "Oh yes; I always go to him if I want money"—I included it in my statement—I did not say one word about it to the magistrate—I did not make use of any such expression as this before the magistrate—"It just came in nicely, and saved us a lot of trouble"—I am quite sure the 60l., I gave Druscovich was in six 10l. notes—Druscovich said "Shall I give you an acknowledgment?"—I had previously spoken to Meiklejohn about an acknowledgment being given—Meiklejohn said he would not agree to it—I did not take one because he advised not—he did not say why—the acknowledgment I had wanted was an I. O. U. or a promissory note, but I never suggested any kind—when before the magistrate I did not say one word about asking Meiklejohn at the Ludgate Hill Restaurant, "What did Druscovieh say?"—I did not say before the magistrate that Meiklejohn told me that Druscovich had said to him that he was afraid of walking down with "Bill" for fear of "Old Clarke"—I did not say that Meiklejohn had told me that he thereupon said to Druscovich "Don't be a b——fool; Bill has got them all right at our place and in the City too"—I did not say one word about having said to Meiklejohn "I did not want you to tell him about Bailey," and that thereupon Meiklejohn had said "Oh, it don't matter a d——"—I was not in the habit of using the Swan public-house prior to meeting Druscovich there at the latter end of August or the beginning of Sept. 1876—I suppose I may have been there twice or three times before—I should say that I had not driven there in my gig with my man Goldie onmore than three occasions—I did notknow the landlord—I used the public parlour, the door of which is perhaps three yards from the bar—when Druscovich and I met at the Swan we had something to drink—I do not think it was champagne—I do not recollect what it was—a waiter served us—I think that waiter had been there on the former occasions when I went to the Swan—I went there before to be introduced by Meiklejohn to Jebb and Godwin, the postmen—with regard to that interview I did not say, when before the magistrate, one word about Druscovich saying to me "I will write to you in such a way that no one will understand but you and I," and that it was to be in the name of Montgomery—it was on the 26th of September that I received the letter from Druscovich—I could not identify a telegram in the writing of Druscovich shown to me the other day—I have never seen Druscovich write—at the time I received the letter I did not wish to get Druscovich in my power—I wanted to get him into my pay, to give me information—there is not much difference in the words—I did not keep his letter because he said "Bring this with you"—I did not copy it, because I had no wish to do so—I met Druscovich in Northumberland Avenue the same morning the letter came—our letters crossed, making the same appointment—I was not then in my gig—I met him before, on the 25th, when I was in my gig; Street was with me—it was not Bale, I am quite sure it was Street—it was about four on the 25th when I met him, and exactly ten on the morning of the 26th—I remember the clock striking as he came up—I do not recollect whether in my information I swore that Bale was with me in the gig—it was not so—it ""as Street—I do not think I mentioned when before the magistrate in

reference to my conversation with Meiklejohn at Derby that Meiklejohn said "Have you seen Druscovich?" and I replied "Yes, but I can get no information from him"—I did not say before the magistrate "I got all the news from the old man Clarke," or that Meiklejohn replied "We will know how to do all the work when the tug comes"—nor did I say that he asked me "How does the old man take it—does he funk it at all?"—or that he replied "Yes, he did; and he called my attention to the fact of leaving the places suddenly," and that Meiklejohn said "You have left all the joints"—or that Meiklejohn made use of the expression that Superintendent Williamson was a calf, and would not tumble to it in 1,000 years—the interview at the Midland Hotel was at half-past eight in the evening—I had used the hotel before—I did not know the young lady at the bar—I do not know that I spoke to her; I might have said "Good evening" as I passed through the bar to the dining-roon—rt had two Lotties of champagne brought in by the same waiter by whom I had been waited upon before or since—I should know him again, I think—if ho was placed among a number of men I could pick him out—when I was before the magistrate I did not say one word about Druseovicli having said "There's no mistake, Bill, you've got a clever fellow behind you; talk about Victor Hugo, I never read such French in my life; he's the best French scholar in England"—I did not say before the magistrate that Meiklejohn said ""What did they say when they read them?" and that Druscovich replied "The Countess's brother said 'Mon Dieu' continually"—I do not recollect whether I said before the magistrate that I asked "Have you got any warrants?" and that Druscovich said "We have got them out to-day"—I did not say that I asked in conversation "Who granted them?" and that Druscovich replied "Mr. Knox," and that Mr. Knox had said to him "Don't be particular whom you bring before me"—I don't think I said before the magistrate that Druscovich asked me "Have you been seen at any of the places," and that I said "No"—it was at twelve at noon on 28th September I saw Meiklejohn at the King Lud—I had never before used the public-house to which we went form the Kentish Town station—if I were taken there I could point it out—the landlord noticed our conversation, and put in the word Newmarket, and I said something about cattle market—I did not mention before the magistrate that Druscovich said in the public-house "What did you want to send that telegram to Newmarket for?"—I did not mention that I had sent a telegram—I did not mention before the magistrate that after the interview Meiklejohn said "When are you going to pay him?" meaning Druscovich—I never in Druscovieh's presence addressed him as Dustman or the Contractor—I did not say before the magistrate that Druscovich said he had satisfied Abrahams in an argument he had with him—I did not mention this "Somebody has mentioned your name to him"—he said "I told him the cabman had seen you, and we could not do any more—the editor of a paper told him about you"—I said "The editor of what paper?"—Druscovich produced a letter from his pocket with William Kurr in pencil on the back—I produced 3 copy of the Sportsman from my pocket, and pointed to it, and Meiklejohn nodded—Meiklejohn was present—Druscovich had shown him the paper at Dick's Hotel—the editor's name was Ashley; I don't know that he knows me"—upon the occasion when I gave Druscovich 100l. and the jewellery, 15l. of the money was in notes, and the rest in gold—that

was after I had left the 200l. at Meiklejohn's—I think I gave the jewellery into-his own hands—it was a necklet and locket with a carbuncle and small diamond in the centre—the necklet and locket were of gold—it Tras a suggestion of Benson's that I should give it—Druscovich had never mentioned it to me—I do not know who it was for, I gave it him to do what he liked with—I got the cigar bos into which I put the 200l. from my own house; it had. held 100 cigars—I purchased it of my brother-in-law Colkett—I left it at Meiklejohn's house, because it saved me making an appointment with Druscovich—I had a great deal of difficulty in meeting Druscovich—the 200l. was all in gold, placed in a bag, and wrapped up in a newspaper, so that it would fill up the box—I had to pass Druscovich's door in going to Meiklejohn's—it was at the last meeting but one, at the Duke of York steps at the end of November or beginning of December, 1876, that Clarke told me about the telegram I had sent to Druscovich in the name of Meiklejohn—there was merely an arrangement between me and Meiklejohn to get the numbers of the notes that were stopped—there was no arrangement made as to how many of them were to be stopped beforehand—I believe there is a stoppage book at the Bank of England—I knew that they entered stopped notes in a book—Druscovich was mainly instrumental in shutting up Archer and Co.—he had the case of Barrett and Co. of Dover, but it had been already stopped by the French government—I do not know if he stopped the letters being forwarded from Dover—we never got the letters—my first communication to the Treasury was in April or May, and in consequence Mr. Pollard came to see me in Newgate.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. My father died in 1873—he had amassed some little property—I was twenty-one the previous October—Mrs. Colkett is my sister—Mr. William Price, of 38, Walbrook, was my father's solicitor, and continued to be so after his death—my brother Frederick was not of-age when my father died—I heard all the evidence Mr. Price gave on my trial; it was correct—my father was not acquainted with any of my frauds, and I kept Mr. Price wholly ignorant of them—I knew that there were proceedings in bankruptcy in reference to Benson in Sept., 1876—I took Benson to Mr. Price and induced him. to act as his solicitor and supplied him with 500l. for the purpose, but it was unsuccessful and the money was returned—I know that Street went once only to Mr. Price—Street proposed to prove on a betting transaction, but Mr. Price refused to allow it to be done—on the last day of Oct., 1876, Mr. Price mentioned to me that if the proposal to close Tonge's bankruptcy tras accepted and I was the trustee to pay 1,050l., I might be examined in the Bankruptcy Court, and it might cost me some trouble, and I then said that I would not appear, and Street was put in as the trustee paying 1,050l. to settle the creditors—Street first knew of the De Groncourt frauds in Sept.; it was earlier than 29th Oct., at all events—Mr. Price did not even know that I backed horses in a legitimate way—I was interested in a public-house before my father's death; it was in Colkett's name, and was the Oxford Arms, Halliford Street, Islington—I was not interested in the Angel—I remember two persons being murdered in 1872 in a shop in the neighbourhood of Hoxton, which was discussed at the Angel, Islington—I saw Inspector Palmer there, and saw his name in the paper. as having charge of the case—that is one of the occasions I speak to of having seen him—a person was with him; I do not know whether he

was a detective or not—in 1874 the Oxford Arms was still kept by Mr. Colkett, but was my property—I read in the newspapers that Mr. Ireton who went by the name of Day, had a place of business nearly opposite the Oxford Arms—at that time I had my horses put up at the Oxford Arms, and I saw Palmer there with other officers two or three days successively; he was inquiring of my brother-in-law's potman whether he could identify Day—there was a charge afterwards against Day—I cannot be certain whether I told him that I was the person really interested in the public-house; I may have—the charge against Day was in reference to some indecent pictures—Palmer was accompanied by Sergeant Lambert or Dudley on the two occasions when Day's house was watched—Day's business I believed was the only thing that brought Palmer there—I have seen Palmer doing duty at race meetings where I was betting with gentlemen, members of Tattersall's and others, paying when I lost and taking when I won—I was never a "welcher"—I betted legitimately, and in all those transactions I was Wm. Kurr and nothing else, and kept to myself and my confederates all connection with these frauds—Street is about my age—Bale and I were educated at the same school—Street was an exceedingly clever penman; he can imitate every person's writing—at my trial I saw a document which wasw ritten by Street, put into Mr. Chabot's hands, who swore that it was my writing—I saw Miss Palmer, who kept the house where Street lodged in 1876, 25, Dover Street—Raymond was sought for to be returned by extradition warrant from America and tried for forgery—he did go out of town—I had nothing to do with enticing him back to London—I had nothing to do with taking him in custody—Palmer took him; he was sent to New York and acquitted—about Oct., 1876, I was employed in the service of Krampowiski, and received from him numerous letters and telegrams—he was connected with a private inquiry office carried on by Mr. Levy—Krampowiski communicated to me all he knew—I paid him 5l. to go to Mi. Abrahams—Funnell was employed by Mr. Levy—I have seen Krampowiski in Street's company—Street had two brothers in London—at all the race meetings I attended I paid and took in a lawful way as far as betting may be lawful—I ran racehorses, which I had kept a little less than tiro years—I remember running a galloway at Croydon when Palmer was there—in'the letter addressed "W. Grif Ford, Esq., Cynan Cottage, Bath Road, Leamington," the words "P. has left for America," refer to Poodle—I guessed that it meant Palmer; whenever I guessed I was correct—you have given me a wrong letter—"P. has left for America" means Palmer—in this letter of 27th June I see no "P." at all, it is "Wilson has seat a letter to B."—it does not refer to Palmer.

Cross-examined by Mb. Clarke. I think I went into Clarke's house three times, on Sept. 26, on Nov. 4, and I cannot give you the other date—I did not swear last Friday that I went into Clarke's house on the evening of 10th Oct.—I saw him outside—I did not say on Friday "I saw Clarke about 7 in his house in Great College Street"—I said "Near his house"—I am unable to fix the date of the third time—I saw him inside his house, but it was shortly after he returned from abroad with Von Howard—on 26th Sept., a young girl, Clarke's daughter probably, opened the door to me—I cannot recollect who opened the door on 4th Nov., hut it was always opened by a female—on 10th Oct. I sent a telegram to Clarke before I went to his house that evening from Brighton station—my

memory is distinct as to the date; there is no question about it—I represent that I saw Clarke that evening about 7 o'clock; the conversation lasted about twenty minutes, and as the result of the conversation I represent that I met Von Tornow next morning at the Midland station and bribed him—I had given money to Von Tornow the previous Dec. ten months before—that was the only occasion on which I myself had given him money—I can distinctly say that I visited Clarke on 25th Sept.—about the beginning of 1875 I was concerned in the swindle with Walters and Murray—I was aware of their arrest as soon as it took place—they employed a solicitor to defend them, Mr. L. Lewis—I was not in. communication with him—I was not in London when they were arrested, I-was at Shanldin—that was about Feb., 1875—I remained there about two days, and was then in London for one day only while the proceedings were going on, and did not communicate with the solicitor for the defence at all—I got to know what reports had been made by the officers at Scotland Yard—I knew that Clarke was in charge of their prosecution and heard occasionally the reports he made in the Waltera and Murray frauds—they were remanded for a time—I had not then a letter written by Walters and Murray, Meiklejohn had it when I first became aware of its existence—I knew that Clarke, during the adjournment of the assault case, obtained a warrant for the arrest of Walters and Murray in the turf fraud matter—I do not know that he endeavoured to prevent their being admitted to bail—I had means of knowing what Clarke was doing, but did not always take steps to ascertain—I had been a partner in that firm, and two of my partners were under charge—I did not interest myself sufficiently to learn that Clarke was interfering to prevent their being admitted to bail; I was not in London—Walters and Murray absconded, I think,. on June I—Murray came to England in Dec, 1875; they had been staying at New York, not at Havre—I believe they went by the French, boat; I do not know how they came back—I do not know that they came over from Havre to England in Sept., 1875—Murray has stayed here ever since—I was at Sandown races about six different days in 1875—Eowe was then training racehorses for me—in August, 1876, I had two racehorses, one called Chance and the other Coroner, in Rowe'r stables in training—those stables are nearly opposite Mr. Griffin's, the Red Lion, at Tadworth—I was there a week or a little more before the Leger of 1876—I have seen Mr. Rowe and Mr. Griffin together at Sandown Park races—I have seen Wiggins there, but have not been with him there—I went there with him earlier than July, and saw Mr. Geo. Clarke, of the Crown Brewery—I do not know the name of the house Mr. Wiggins put up at; it was in Esher—I believe I have seen Griffin and Rowe at Esher, but I do not know that I have seen them together—the place is on the high road—there was only one meeting a month at Sandown in 1876, about eight meetings, perhaps; they all lasted two but none of them "' three days—there was a meeting on 31st Aug., 1876, but I did not go to it at all—I mean to tell the jurv that Rowe, Griffin, George Clarke, and Wiggins joined with Inspector Clarke at my suggestion to commit perjury about having seen me at Sandown Park, and from written instructions which I sent out through my solicitor, but Mr. Griffin may have made a mistake—I do not know that he committed perjury, but he swore wrong—I concocted this alibi on the Sunday previous'Jo the false evidence being given—I had discovered that the meeting was really on the same day that

Flintoffs agreement was signed, and then it came into my head to get this alibi sworn to—Flintolf says that the agreement was signed at 9 in the morning, but I say it was nearly 10—when I made my first statement to Mr. Pollard I did not mention Clarke—I was professing to give Mr. Pollard all the information I could about these matters—he asked me whether Clarke was employed, and whether he was an honest man and I said "Yes."

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I lived in Marquess Road about three years—I had a liouse there, and lived there with my wife—I had a seven years' agreement—it is correct what I said before the magistrate, that I first knew Mr. Froggatt the night following Benson's arrest, that up to that time he was not in any way connected with me and my associates, nor has he been connected directly or indirectly with my guilty intimacy with the police—I sent Murray to Mr. Froggatt, seeing his name in the papers as a criminal solicitor—he was to endeavour to recover the two bank notes that Venables, the money-changers, had kept—he was to sue Venables for them—I told Murray to say that he Lad attempted to cash the notes, and they were detained, and Mr. Froggatt was to do his best as a solicitor to recover them; to issue a writ, in fact Mr. Fr ggatt proposed that he should serve both Mr. Venables and Mr. Ahrahimis with a writ to try the question as to whether the notes were illegally detained or not—Murray was then going in the name of Wtlls—I know that Murray deceived Mr. Froggatt about some English bank notes—I know that he told Mr. Froggatt many lies in connection with these bank notes—it was about the 23rd November that I sent Murray to Mr. Froggatt—Murray was taken into custody on the 27th—the first day I saw Mr. Froggatt was the 4th December—he was with Meiklejohn—I think it was between six and seven o'clock—I cannot fix it nearer then about half-past six—I should say it was nearer half-past six than seven—I am speaking of the meeting at the corner of Southampton Row—lean show you how the exact time can be fixed, because it was ten minutes before the time the telegram was sent—I will undertake to swear that it was on the 4th December I saw Meiklejohn—I knew that Mr. Frogatt was not instructed to defend the men at Rotterdam at that time—Mr. Froggatt wrote the draft of the telegram on a piece of paper which he produced from his pocket; I swear that—I have said before that I did not know whether he took it from a pocket-book or not—I recollect that he took it from his pocket—I do not know whether it was the fly-sheet of a letter, or what; I know he took it from his pocket—I did not write to Mr. Ab ahams personally, it was through Stenning—it was perhaps about seven or eight days after I wrote these letters, through Stennidg, thai Mr. Sawyer saw me—I always represented to Mr. Froggatt that Flintofi was a truthful witness—I have told him that Flintoff exaggerated—when I was in the House of Detention I gave Mr. Froggatt, as my solicitor, certain instructions—with the exception of Flintoff's exaggeration I always told Mr. Froggatt he was a truthful witness—this (produced) is my hand-writing—I gave him those instructions when I was in the House of Detention—I posted them to him; I am sure of that—these are the instructions I gave: "In reference to Flintoff, will it be wise to cross-examine him now as to who got him to make his statement, which is so diametrically opposite to the one made to the detectives who called on him, wherein he states that he did not know Brooks or Kurr?" (Thisucs

put in and read at length.) The words "on the day Flintoff says decamped, I was ill in bed, attended by Dr. Gordon Smith," are not my writing; mine has been written over—I was attended by Dr. Gordon Smith, and also by Mi. Oliver—I sent those instructions by post, through the governor of the prison—Mr. Froggatt had nothing to do with my defence at the trial—I employed some other solicitors, Messrs. Humphreys and Son—I was in communication with them and their clerks for some weeks—I gave them false instructions—I have said that Mr. Froggatt told me he had given 10l. to the Governor of Rotterdam gaol—I do do not know that that was to provide better food, and that a balance was returned by the governor to the police officer—he said he had given the 10l. to supply better food—I know that a French directory was left at the lodgings—I can't say whether any clothes were left; I did not take the clothes—they were lelt at my stables by Mr. Froggatt—it is not true that I was ill in bed on 31st August—I believe the 4th December was a muggy sort of evening—I first gave information to the Treasury on 1st May.

Re-examined by MR. GORST. This (produced) is the draft of the telegram that was concocted in the street on 4th December—the interview between myself and Mr. Froggatt in the street took place about ten minutes before the telegram was dispatched—I was not then aware that Mr. Froggatt Bad sent a telegram to Rotterdam to say that he was instructed to defend Benson—I had not given him any such instructions—I. had never seen him before—he produced the draft of the telegram from his pocket—I cannot recollect whether he got it out of a letter or a pocket-book—these instructions to Holicitor were sent out by me about 7th to 10th, January—I had frequently seen Mr. Froggatt before those instructions were sent out—there was something written in the postscript, I can't say what it was; it is erased; not that I erased it, the erasure is not mine—the name Dr. Gordon Smith, and the other name, are not my writing, and were not on the paper at the time I sent it out—I don't know whose writing it is—when I left the Bridge of Allan I went to Derby, leaving Benson at Leicester—Street came to London in the train with me—I got out at Keutish Town, and took a hansom to a public-house opposite Clerkenwell police court—Street there got out of the cab, and I saw him speak to Palmer for a few moments; he then called me, and I went and joined him and Palmer—Street said to me in Palmer's presence "What about the letter at the Bridge of Allan?"—I said "All right, I will give it to Street"—I believe Palmer heard me say that—he said "All right"—the idea of the alibi that was concocted at my trial; it first occurred to me on the Sunday—Clarke was examined on Monday, the 16th—these (produced) are the instructions I gave to the solicitor's clerk; his name is Coppin, a clerk of Messrs. Humphreys—those instructions were given at ten minutes past ten on 16th April, before Clarke was put into the box. (These instructions were put in and read.) I have told Mr. Clarke that in my original statement I said nothing about Clarke, and when I saw Mr. Pollard, of the Treasury, I made no charge against Clarke—when I found that the photograph was in existence, the photograph of the letter that was dated the 4th of April, I gave information to the Treasury—I was not sure whether it was in existence—I referred the Treasury to my friends, who would give them up a copy of the photograph, and they could not find them—"the old man at the Duke of York's Column "mentioned in my instructions, is Clarke.

HARRY BENSON . I am 30 years of age—Iwas born and educated in Paris—in 1872 I was convicted of forging a receipt for 1,000l., and sentenced to a year's imprisonment—during the time I was in prison I set fire to my bed clothes, and Mas so severely injured by the fire that I came out of prison a cripple, and assumed the name of G. H. Yonge—on the 26th or 27th February, 187-1, I made the acquaintance of William Kurr, by means of an advertisement which appeared in the Daily Telegraph—it was an advertisement of his stating that the party advertising required an editor or correspondent of a newspaper to write certain articles on given subjects—I answered that advertisement, and so came into communication with Kurr—in July or August, 1874, I became associated with him. in a betting fraud that went by the name of Archer—Street and Bale—were associated with us in it—after the Archer and Co. fraud had been broken up, I became acquainted with Walters in October, 1874, and in the autumn of that year joined him and Kurr in establishing another fraud, "Insurance against Turf Losses"—the title in French is "Le Societe Generale contre pnrte"—that lasted about six weeks—there were two offices, one at 25, Moorgate Street, the other at 160 or 161, Gresham House—I never went to these offices myself—it was not a profitable scheme, and was broken up at the end of the year 1874—after that I went to live at Rose Bank, Shanklin, Isle of Wight—I think it was the 16th of January when I went to live there—my housekeeper at Rose Bank was a Mrs. Avis—while I was living at Rose Bank I heard of the arrest of Walters and Murray—Kurr was string with me at the time—he was then going by the name of Medway—I was constantly in communication with Kurr, both before and at the time of Walters' and Murray's arrest—he was implicated in the Walters and Murray fraud, and there was a warrant out against him—he altered his name a little later on, and took that of Gifford—I first communicated with Clarke by means of Mr. Andrews, on the 11th of April, 1875, and in consequence of that communication Clarke came down to the Isle of Wight to see me on the 12th of April, 1875—he arrived at my house between five and six in the evening—we had along interview, four hours—I think he had some whisky and water, I am not sure—I told him my object in asking him to come and see me was to give certain information concerning the turf fraud, the "Insurances against loss," the one Walters and Murray had been arrested for, but that the information I had to give amounted to very little—he stated that he would have come down to have seen me, had he not received my message, inasmuch as he had received from one source anyhow, but he mentioned other sources, certain communications stating that I could give' if I chose certain information respecting this turf fraud—I told him that' the part I had taken amounted simply to the translation of the prospectus, and also to discounting a cheque or draft through my bankers for Murray; no, for Walters, not for Murray, because Murray I did not know—he asked me if that was all—I said "Yes"—I said I should feel very much annoyed if I had to appear as a witness in court, for two reasons: firstly, because I knew so very little; and secondly, that I was a cripple—I said knew very little of Walters, but the little that I did know was not very much in Walters' favour—that from what I had been told from Walters it appeared that Clarke had, so Walters said, been bribed by him, Walters, and that Walters went so far as to say that he had in his possession

letters of Clarke, one especially winch he had photographed—Clarke said that he knew all about it; that letter which had been photographed was one relating to an appointment Clarke had made with Walters, for the purpose of Walters giving him information concerning a burglary which Lad been committed at a place called Stannard's Mill, I think—I told him that the construction Waiters put upon that letter was very different to the explanation he, Clarke, had just given, that Walters stated that that letter had been written for the purpose of making an appointment with him for quite different purposes, and that Walters, moreover, had positively told me that he, Clarke, had received 100l. from Walters after getting a publican's licence for Walters, and stating that nothing was known against him, Walters, when, in reality there had been a previous conviction—Clarke said he would not have been such a fool as to have taken any money from Walters, or to have said that there was notning known against a man when there really was—he denied ever having received a single farthing from Walters—he asked me what construction Walters put upon the letter, and I told him—I told him one of the purposes was that a warrant was out for Walters at the time, so Walters said Clarke had written to him to meet him in order that he might give him the information about the warrant—Clarke asked me where the letter was, and I told him I did not know at the time, that Kurr knew—he asked me who and what Kurr was—he told me that he had a public-house, or was interested in one—I told him that he was one of Walters's dupes—that Kurr was more sinned against than sinning, and although there was a warrant against him I did not think that he was deserving of being arrested—Clarke said that from what he himself had seen he could not find out what part Kurr had taken in the matter—the next morning Clarke asked me what evidence there could be—but during our four hours' interview in the evening I asked him if he would keep me out of the witness-box, and I said that if he would I should be most happy to place a sum of 100l. at his disposal—he said that if what I had told him was correct there would be no difficulty whatever in keeping me away, inasmuch as I knew very little, and he could make a report according to what I had told him—I asked him to allow me to make the report myself, and I began dictating, when he interrupted me, and said "You had better leave it to me, I shall be better able to do it than you; I shall say I found you lying prostrate, and the information you had to give was insignificant, and you will hear no more of it"—he passed over my offer of 100l., took no notice of it whatever—I made an appointment the next morning for breakfast—he did not sleep at my house, but came the next morning and breakfasted with me—dnring breakfast I told him that I would find out for him where that letter was, and that if Kurr had it I would make it my business that the letter should be returned to him—I had previously wrapped 20l. in gold in paper, and I offered him this small parcel—he took it, and said "What is this?"—I said "Simply 20l."—he pushed it back, and refused it, and said "No, I will take no money"—I said I should consider myself in his debt, and that if he kept me out of the witness-box I should certainly consider that I owed him a sum of money—I afterwards wrote a draft letter to Clarke, and handed the draft to my housekeeper to copy—she copied it, and it was afterwards sent by post to Clarke—this is the letter (produced). (Read: "Scotland Yard, "April 19th, 1875. Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of the 11th inst., I am utterly astonished that you, a stranger, should have heard anything

of my character, good, bad, or indifferent; but, thank God, I am not afraid of any man, and do not care one pin if all my actions through life were published to the world to-morrow. You have certainly some what excited my curiosity, and I appeal to you as a gentleman to let me know what you have heard about me, and you may depend that I will in no way compromise you. It is quite impossible for me to see you at the Isle of Wight. Yours respectfully, G. Clarke.") That refers to a letter I had written to Clarke on the 13th April, which referred to a statement by Walters that Clarke had written to Walters, and also telling Clarke that reports had been set afloat by Walters concerning himself, to the effect that Clarke had been bribed by Walters—that is what I recollect of the letter—I also received this letter. (Read: "Detective Office, April 26th, Dear Sir,—Your letter of the 19th only reached me yesterday, having been absent from London. You must have misunderstood me when at Rose Bank, as I certainly said that my visit was purely official, and that I could not enter into any confidential correspondence respecting the two men walters and Murray, but I did express my astonishment when you told me that the secrets of the office were betrayed by some one, whose name you decline to give. I further said that I should be glad to hear from you on that subject. I am still prepared and anxious to hear on that matter.—Yours respectfully, Gr. Clarke.") I had written a letter to Clarke on the 19th, in which I expressed my astonishment at having received his first letter, dated the 19th, and stared that he must have misunderstood me; that I wanted to remain a stranger to the whole case, and that I wanted Kurr likewise to be kept out of the matter if possible; that I also wanted information, but only information concerning myself, but that I was really astonished at the tone of the letter he had addressed to me.—shortly afterwards I had an interview with Clarke at Shanklin, and still later in London—T wrote a letter, which was sent to Clarke on the loth June—this is a copy: (Read: "15th June, My Dear Sir and Brother,—We exchanged promises at our last interview. Yours was that would give me an early opportunity of proving my friendship; mine, that I would show you how kindly I feel towards you, and how anxious I am to pay my debt to you. I have also news of great importance to communicate to you about the letter you know. of. I will show you how thoroughly you can trust me. Will you, therefore, oblige me by coining down as soon as possible—Thursday or Friday? By leaving Waterloo at 8 p.m. you can return next morning in time to be in your office by 10. A line from you in return announcing your visit as requested will oblige yours sincerely, G. H. Y. If you do not like to write, merely let me know what time I may expect you, as it is urgent I should see you before Saturday.") I also received this letter: (Head: "20, Great College Street, Westminster, June 16th, 1875. No doubt you have heard that the two men, Walters and Murray, did not appear to take their trial and have not been heard of since. I hear they have left the country. I should be glad to see you to talk over the matter, but I cannot spare the time this week. I feel that I want a run out somewhere for a blow. Kurr and Montague have also left the country.—Yours truly, G. Clarke.") I also wrote on 17th June, 1375:" My Dear Sir,—Many thanks for your kind letter, but I write to ask you to beg you to come down this week—firstly, because I am anxious to pay my debt towards Mrs. Clarke; secondly, because I know you will have

cause to be satisfied with some information I have to give you about the letter. In fact, I hope to be able once for all to free your mind on that subject. You want a change, take it here. If you will accept my hospitality I shall be only too happy to make you welcome here for as long a time as you like. Anyhow I should like to see you when at the Masonic, and I am sure you will be satisfied with my friendship and reliability.—Yours sincerely, G. H. Y." Clarke afterwards came to Shanklin about the 22nd or 23rd Jure—before he came I received this letter: "20, Great College Street, Westminster, June 18, 1875. Dear Sir,—Yours to hand, I cannot leave this week, but will endeavour to see you on Tuesday. Why don't you write more particulars?" I believe I also received a telegram—I also wrote this letter: "20th June, 1875. My Dear Sir,—I expect you on Tuesday and reserve all particulars till then. The best train you can take is one leaving Waterloo at 2.10, not 2.15, via Stokes Bay. If you wish to do so you can return to London the same evening. Hope to have the pleasure of seeing you on Tuesday. certain.—Yours sincerely, G. H. Y."—Clarke came down earlier than I expected—I think about 1.30, but I am not quite certain—he said Waiters and Murray had absconded from their bail, and I asked him how far Kurr was compromised in the matter, and he said that so long as Kurr remained out of the way he did not think that anything would occur to him—he said he was under the impression that Kurr had left the country—I told him that he had not left the country—I asked him if he had heard where Walters was—he said he was under, the impression that he had heard that he was in Havre—I gave Clarke and he took 50l. in gold, which I had got from the Hampshire Banking Company through a Mr. Frank Cooper of Shanklin, who changed either my cheque or a 100l. note—I apologised for not giving him the full amount that I had promised, and stated "It was impossible in a small place like this"—meaning Shanklin—"to get a large sum in gold at a small branch," but inasmuch as I should most likely have a letter to return to him the following week, I should be only too glad to return it if Kurr, in whose hands I understood it was, would let me, and that I should also give him the additional 50l. which I considered I owed him—I asked Clarke to let me know whatever took place either concerning myself or Kurr, and I promised likewise to let him know if anything took place which concerned him—he said he would not let me know unless something very material took place concerning me, but I was to consider the matter at an end, and if anything did take place concerning myself or Kurr he would let me know—I have not kept all the letters I received from Clarke—he wished me to return them, and I did—this is the draft of a letter I wrote and sent to Clarke. (Read: "June 24th, 1875. Dear Friend,—According to promise I write a few lines to warn you not to trust the two men whose names are Mitchell and Wood. I am given to understand they are both creatures of Walters', and would very much like to compromise you. They know nothing about you, except what that lying villain has told them, and in the event of their trying to approach you, you can tell them without fear that if they dare propose anything to you you will have them arrested. The letter you wrote to Walters is not in their hands, but in the hands of K., and it is as safe with him as with you. When all the affair is blown over he will restore it to you himself, andI well know he will be happy, through me, to give you every satisfaction. It

is quite possible that in a day or two, or next week, I shall have to go to London on business, and I hope you will appoint a place and hour where I can see you quierly, unknown to anybody; I shall then have the pleasure of acquitting myself of the balance of my debt towards you. Please return this letter to me. If you wish to ask any questions pray do so without fear, as I have pledged myself to answer them, and return your letter by the next post.—Ever yours faithfully, G. H. Y.") The piece of paper produced is Mr. Clarke's address, to which the letters were sent, given me by Mrs. Avis—it was written by her. (Read: "George Clarke, Esq., 20, Great College Street, Westminster, London, S.W.") I saw Clarke again a week or 10 days after the interview of the 23rd, at all events before the 4th July, at Shanklin, at my house, when I gave him 50l. in notes—I apologised for giving him notes, and told him that as he had not given me any notice when he was coming down I had no alternative but to give him Bank of England notes—he said "Nevermind," and he then asked me for the letter—I told him Kurr bad it—he said "Where is Kurr?"—I said "He is in the house; will you see him?"—he was not in the house, but Mr. Clarke said immediately "No, I will not see him, if I see him I should arrest him"—he said "Why will you not give me that letter back?"—I said "Kurr will not give it to me; he will only give it up himself"—I pressed him to see Kurr—he refused—I got these notes from the Hampshire Banking Company—they were of small denomination', such as 5l. and 10l.—I afterwards received this letter: (Read: "20, Great College Street, Westminster, 12th August, 1875. Dear Sir,—Shall be glad to hear if you are likely to be at home on Saturday, as I expect to be in your neighbourhood, and may give you a call—Yours truly, G. Clarke.") I also received these telegrams: "16th August, 1875, from G. Clarke, 20, Great College Street, to Mr. Yonge, Rose Bank, Shankhm. Can be with you by 11 o'clock, if that will do," and "August 16, 1875, from G. Clarke, Ryde, to Mr. Yonge, Rose Bank, Shankin. Rail late. Shall leave here about 12." I saw Clarke that day, the 16th—he referred to the letter; it was principally for the letter that he had come down, and he asked me where Kurr was—I told him that Kurr and myself were going abroad on that day, and that Kurr had promised me that he would return the letter to Clarke himself, but to him only—I asked Clarke if he thought the time had not come when he might see Kurr without any danger to himself—he said no; he preferred not seeing him yet—he asked me if there was any fear of the letter being shown, and I said no—Kurr and I went to Switzerland on the 16th—my servant, William Picard; went with us—we were absent a fortnight—I passed abroad by my own name, Yonge; Kurr went by the name of Gifford—on returning to London I drove to 20, College Street—I had made an appointment with Clarke by telegram from Dover I think, or by letter—my servant got down to knock at the door, but before he could do so Mr. Clarke came out—I asked him to get into the cab, and he did so—I did not drive him far before he got down, but in the cab I asked him what had better be done for Kurr—I asked him first whether he thought the matter was completely over at the Treasury, and that if Kurr did show himself in London would he be arrested—he said he did not know, but he advised that a letter should be sent by Kurr to the Treasury, stating

that he, Kurr, was very much surprised that a warrant should have been issued against him, and that he was here in London prepared to meet any charge that could be brought against him—that would be on the 30th August, between twelve and one o'clock—an appointment was made for the same evening at the Langham Hotel—I then went to the Langham, where Kurr had secured rooms for me, but Kurr went to his house to live—Clarke came about 8 p.m., or a little later—Kurr was in the bedroom—Clarke did not know that—I asked Clarke if he knew Kurr had sent the letter Clarke had advised me Kurr should send—it had been sent—Clarke said he knew a letter had been sent, but he did not know what steps would be taken, or what the Treasury would do—I asked him how long it would be before he would know—he said perhaps he would know the next morning, but he considered the matter was virtually at an end, and that nothing further would be heard of it—I said if the answer from the Treasury was favourable to Kurr, I supposed that he, Clarke, would have no objection to see Kurr—he said "None whatever"—I said "Then of course Kurr would return the letter"—I asked him to make a further appointment with me when I could see him—he said he would let me know as soon as the Treasury had decided what they would do—on that same day, the 30th August, I saw Meiklejohn for the first time, in my bedroom, at the Langham Hotel, at 11.30—Kurr introduced him and me to him by my nickname of Poodle—I told Meiklejohn what I had done during the day with Clarke, that Kurr had written a letter, and that I hoped the matter would be completely at an end—Meiklejohn told me how he became acquainted with Kurr—I saw Clarke twice again, once the same or the following week, at the Langham Hotel, when he told me what had taken place, that the matter was closed—I then asked him if he would see Kurr, and he said he would see him—I forget when the letter was given up—it was between the second and third time that I saw Clarke—Kurr was present on the second occasion. (Inspector Clarke's report, dated 30th August, was here put in, enclosing a letter from Wm. Kurr to him—dating that he was in London, and ready to meet the charge—which was brought to the station by a man who said that it was given to him in the Strand.)

Tuesday, October 30th.

HARRY BENSON (recalled and further examined). About the time of the interview with Clarke at the Langham Hotel, there was a vacancy in. the police force, caused by the death of one of the inspectors; Inspector Davey, I think—Meiklejohn wrote to me about that—I have not got the letter—it was destroyed—I have not seen it for the last two years—I do not know that I should like to say that I saw it destroyed—I last saw it amongst my other papers at my house in Shanklin—I left a number of letters there, and they were destroyed—the person who destroyed them wrote to me, and told me they were destroyed—I gave directions for the letters to be destroyed after I left Shanklin and before my arrest—I did not go to my house afterwards—sometime in September, during a visit to London, when I stayed at the "Westminster Palace Hotel, I told Meiklejohn that I had failed with Inspector Clarke, and that I had nut been able to do what he had requested me—after rereceiving Meiklejolm's letter I had written to Clarke—in August or September, 1875, I had another interview with Clarke, at the Westminster Mace Hotel—the subject of that interview was that certain inquiries

had been made about me from Shanklin, and that the inquiry had been lodged in his hands—I asked him what the nature of the inquiry was and he told me that Inspector Druseovich had been sent to the French Embassy to make certain inquiries, and that the reply which he had rereceived was that I was not known—I asked him to tell the inquirer that it would be better for his curiosity not to go too far—I told him that I wished the inquiry to be stopped entirely, as it was giving me a great deal of annoyance—he said that he would do his best, but that he did not intend to compromise himself—Clarke at that time did not know my real name;—he asked about it at this interview—he told me that it was strange that I should be on intimate terms with a man like Kurr—at the first interview he had shown me a letter stating that Yonge was not my name—he then pressed me at this interview to give him my name—I drew out a pocket handkerchief which I had in my pocket and showed it to him—it had a coronet on it—I asked him if he knew what that was, and he said "Yes, it is a princely coronet"—he asked me what the initials stood for, and I told him for the name of Murat—the initial were "G. M."—I saw Clarke again by appointment either in January or February, 1876, at No. 3, Bentinck Street, Cavendish Square—I asked him if he had seen Murray, the man who had absconded from his bail—he said no, he had not seen him, but he knew he was back, and he was informed that Walters was back too—I said so far as Walters was concerned I did not believe he was back, but that I knew Murray had returned—I said that both Kurr and myself were anxious that the whole affair should not be revived or reopened, and that if Murray was arrested naturally all the proceedings would have to be gone through again, could he suggest any means without injuring Murray, whereby Murray should be so much frightened that he should either leave the country or not be seen about—after some little discussion, Clarke said he would insert a notice in the Police Gazette to the effect that information was required concerning Murray and Walters, and if any information reached, it was to be immediately forwarded to Chief Inspector Clarke, Scotland Yard—by that means nobody could arrest or do anything until Clarke had given the order—that notice was afterwards inserted. (At the request of Mr. Clarke the witness was removed from the court while the report of Inspector Clarke and the notice in the Police Gazette were read.)

SUPERINTENDENT WILLIAMSON (re-examined). The report produced is signed by Inspector Clarke. (This was dated 18th January, 1876, from the Metropolitan Police Officer, Scotland Yard, and purported to report that Walters and Murray, who had absconded from their bail, had recently arrived in England, that it was desirable they should be arrested; and a description of their persons was attached.) The advertisement inserted in the Police Gazette of the 24th January, 1876 (produced), is that referred to. (This was a description of Walters and Murray, stating that they had absconded from their bail, and were charged with fraud and conspiracy.)

HARRY BENSON (continued). I saw Meiklejohn in June, 1876, at Nelson's Great Portland Hotel, where I was staying—I told him that 1 had received a letter from Kurr that morning, and that Kurr would not be present at the interview—I asked him whether it was true that a man of the name of Colettso, who had been arrested some time before, had offered him 10,000 dollars to let him free, and whether he would have taken 10,000 dollars if he had given them to him—Meiklejohn said that

he had not offered them to him, that if he had had them he would not have taken them, if he had given him ten times 10,000 dollars he would have arrested him—I asked him what had become of all Colettso's papers he told me they were at Colettso's lodgings, in Pimlico, but that Mr. George Lewis, who had the case in hand, had applied for them to be given up—I asked Meiklejohn if he had seen any of the papers, and he said yes; that there were books and scrip of the Bastrop Coal Company, and cheques on almost all the banks in London—I asked how was it possible that he should have had so many cheques when to my certain knowledge the man had no money—he said he did not know, but that tie cheques were there, and he had gut a number of them in his possession—I told him that it was my intention to go to Egypt, and that if he could give me a number of Bastrop Coal Company scrip in blank; and also a number of those cheques just named, I should feel much obliged to him Meiklejohn said he would do so—subsequently I received from Meiklejohn two blank scrip of the Bastrop Coal Company, and a number of blank cheques on the London and Westminster Bank, Temple-bar branch, and on the London and County Bank, head office, Lombard Street—all these (produced) are documents I received from Meiklejohn a fortnight afterwards at the Langham Hotel—the writing was not upon them then; they were in blank—I asked him how Colettso had been apprehended—I spoke of Colettso at first by the name of Gray, which was his correct name—he said he had two friends in the post-office in tie district in which Colettso lived; that he had obtained a clue to Colettso's whereabouts by opening either a letter which was addressed to Colettso or written by Colettso (I do not know which), and which contained Colettso's address—he said that he had promised these two friends of his a sum of 50l., which was to be payable out of a reward which kd been offered for Colettso's apprehension by the American Government; that he was very much afraid the reward would not be paid, as Colettso was to be brought up before the judge in chambers the following Thursday and discharged, owing to some difficulty which had arisen on the Extradition Treaty—he did not give the names of his two friends—my servant, Pierre Pionchon, came into my service on the 30th September, 1875—he succeeded Picard; not then, but ultimately—I went to Biarritz with Pionchon on the 9th July, 1876—I returned by way of Paris, where I was on the 18th July—I stayed at the Hotel Vieullemont, in the name of the Count de Montague—this is my hotel bill (produced)—I stayed there until the evening of the 22nd—on Thursday morning, the 21st, Kurr and Bale arrived in Paris, and stayed at the same hotel—we all three came back together to Cannon Street station—when we got there we met Meiklejohn by appointment—we went to the Cannon Street Hotel and engaged a private room—we all dined together—this (produced) is the bill of the dinner—Meiklejohn, Kurr, Bale, and myself were present—we talked about a scheme we intended carrying out and which was ultimately carried out—Gurney of London, and Barrett of Dover where the names—I stayed at Kurr's house that night—the scheme was to be carried out in London and in Dover—it was a fraud, but not of the same nature—I stayed at Kurr's house that night until the following Wednesday, when I went to Dover—I stayed at Dover until the following Thursday week—I had Bale with me at Dover—on leaving Dover I went to No. 28, Grosvenor Road—the landlady's name was Mrs. Bruce—

I stayed there a week, from the 3rd of August to the 10th—the De Go court fraud was concocted in the cab on my return from Dover on the night of the 3rd of August—Kurr, myself, Bale, and Savory—we kept a book later on in which we made all the entries in respect to the De Gon court fraud—this is the book (produced)—it is a petty cash account and also an account of the names of the parties who went money—it is not an account of all the disbursements, but I believe of all the receipts—the receipts are at one end of the book and the cash disbursements at the other—the whole of the expenses are not entered, only the petty cash expenses—I saw Meiklejohn on the 4th, 6th, and 8th of August—I saw him on the 4th of August at his own house in the South Lambeth Road—I went with Kurr and saw him in Kurr's presence—the conversation was about the Dover scheme, which had failed—I asked him to dine with me the next evening, the 5th, he said he would, to explain to him the scheme which we intended working I told him I would go into full particulars at the dinner—the dinner was on the next day, the 5th; it was Saturday—on the Saturday I received this letter (produced)—I know the handwriting—I know by whom it was written—what I mean is this, that my knowledge of the handwriting is not sufficient to enable me to swear that it is written by the party who has written it, but yet I know who wrote it—I heard it from Mrs. Meiklejohn, and he told me afterwards she had written it—the letter is "My dear Sir,—My husband won't be able to be with you this evening as he has an appointment he is obliged to keep." The letter is dated Saturday, and I saw him the next day, Sunday—I saw him at his house—Kurr was with me—I told him I was exceedingly disappointed at not having seen him at dinner the night before, and I said before proceeding to business I wished to make a short statement to him concerning the former scheme; it had been a failure, as he knew, but that as he had been put to some slight expense for cab fares and telegrams, I requested his acceptance of 10l., which I handed to him—I said I should have been pleased if it could have been more, but we had been placed at great expense, and instead of being gainers we were losers; at the same time I told him that we were now on the point of starting a fresh scheme, which we hoped, in fact we felt certain, would more than recoup our losses and would prove satisfactory, I hoped, to him—he asked me what it was, and I was on the point of telling him what it was when Kurr interrupted me and said "It is useless to explain; you know what it is, Jack? it is what is called the medley scheme"—he said yes, but in a thousand years he would not understand it; he knew all about it, but he could not understand it—he then said "You will find that two postmen (he named them) will be very handy in this"—"Don't you think," he said, turning to Kurr, "that you could afford something?"—Kurr said "Yes"—he gave me their names, Jebb and Godwin—he added "They were disappointed over the last; I promised them 50l. which I should have given them; they did all they could for you in the Dover scheme, and it was not their fault that it was a failure"—Kurr said he had no objection whatever, but who was to give it them—Meiklejohn said he would—Kurr said "Would you have an objection to introduce me to them, I could then give it them myself?"—Meiklejohn said he would have no objection whatever—I believe at the beginning of the interview Kurr asked Meiklejohn whether he had made any appointment to see Druscovich—Meiklejohn said that he had received a telegram too late to act,

but that he had seen Druscovich before and that Druscovich. had remarked to him, "I don't know what Bill will think of me for my having stopped his little game at Dover," and that he (Meiklejohn) replied that he did not think that Kurr had anything whatever to do with the Dover fraud—I think it was at this interview also that Meiklejohn told us that Druscovich and Mr. Williamson had had some words, and that it ended in Mr. Williamson tendering an apology to Druscovich, that Druscovich had reported the matter to Captain Harris—he had alluded on the 4th to his going; to Derby, but on the 6th. I asked him whether he had heard anything definite about his appointment to the post of superintendent of the Midland Railway Police—lie said not yet, that only Inspector Shore and himself stood any chance of being selected for the post—I then urged him to leave the field entirely to Shore, and told him that he would be of a great deal more use to us in London than he would be in Derby—he said no, he could do a great deal more for us in Derby, because his position was independent, than he could at Scotland Yard—"Besides," he said, "you know I can always run up at any moment if I get the berth "—I asked him if it was a certainty that he would get the berth—he said he thought it was, because Inspector Shore wanted too many things—I told Meiklejohn I should be content with his refusal of my invitation on the previous day, but I should expect him to dine with me later on, and should leave him to name the day—he never dined with me while I was at Mrs. Bruce's—I saw him on the 3rd at his house—he simply read a letter which he had received from the post people, making an appointment with him—I left Mrs. Bruce's on the 10th—I went to 55, Beresford Road, the landlady's name was Mrs. Ethel—this is Mrs. Bruce's bill—the order for the printing of the Sport newspaper was given while I was at Mrs. Bruce's, I believe about the 5th—between the 5th and 10th, I believe—the orders for the circular and for the sham cheques were given a day or two later, about the 8th—the different apartments in the neighbourhood of St. James's Street were taken a little later—I was at Mrs. Ethel's at the time—there were four or five different apartments taken—they were in different postmen's beats, but in the same district—in the southwest district—I did not arrange this—I was not told by any of the prisoners—Kurr told me—I saw Meiklejohn while I was at Mrs. Ethel's—it was on the 13th, that was the Sunday, I saw him at his house—Kurr was with me—on that occasion there was a knock at the front door—Kurr said, on hearing it, "That's the Contractor"—Mrs. Meiklejohn came in and told her husband that Inspector Druscovich was there, and Meiklejohn left the room—on his return Kurr asked him who it was, and he replied "The Contractor, Druscovich"—Kurr asked "Why did you not ask him to come in?"—Meiklejohn replied "You have frightened him away"—Kurr said "Is there any news?"—and he said "No"—he said "By-the-bye, I have received this letter," and he pulled out a letter torn his pocket, a letter from Jebb—the letter contained the hours at which Jebb and Godwin were at the post-office in the South-Western district—one would be there, it said, from five p.m. to one o'clock in the morning, and the other from one till eight at night—he told me who he writer of the letter was, and showed it to me—on that occasion I old Meiklejohn that I had changed my lodgings; and when I asked to dine with me, he appointed the following Saturday, the 19th, on which day he came—that dinner took place at Mrs. Ethel's,

and there were present Kurr, Meiklejohn, and myself—Meiklejohn was about half-an-hour late, and he gave as a reason that he had been waiting for Sergeant Reimer's return from an expedition relative to the loss of the Gainsborough picture—he said that an anonymous letter had been received at Scotland Yard, or by Mr. Agnew, I forgot which, setting forth that if Mr. Agnew would come to an appointment near Hyde Park, with 1,000l. in gold, the picture should be returned, and that Reimers was instructed to go there—that he had taken a black bag, and pat into it two or three inkstands, and a brickbat or two, to make it appear bulky—I asked why Reimers was selected—he replied because his appearance was very much like Mr. Agnew's brother, but that at the time of his (Meiklejohn's) leaving Scotland Yard no news had transpired about the picture or about Reimers—I told him during the dinner that we expected the Sport newspaper that evening, that Frederick Kurr was in Edinburgh, and that as soon as the newspapers arrived the letters would be posted—I asked him which would be the best way of posting the letters, whether they should all be posted in one district or divided—he said he advised that the letters should be posted about forty or fifty at one time, in order to avoid too great a bulk—he asked how many letters we had, and I told him about 200 or 300—among those letters was one to Madame de Goncourt—the letter produced I think was written by Bale—I prepared the French circular—the letter is dated, "London, August 20"—at the time there were a number of letters ready for posting, each envelope containing a French circular, and a newspaper was to be put in, but it had not yet arrived, nor did it arrive, before Meiklejohn left—Meiklejohn went away early inconsequence of the receipt of a telegram—he said he must go home immediately, as he had received a telegram from his wife, which no doubt related to the missing picture—before he left an appointment was made to meet the next evening at his house—on the following evening I went to his house with Kurr—the letters had all been posted at that time—at that interview I first asked him "What about the missing picture?"—he said it was a hoax, that nothing had come of it—I then told him that all the letters were posted, and that now it was urgent that some steps should be taken for securing the different offices or rooms where the letters might be received, and Kurr and myself asked him to accompany us to see Jebb—he consented, a cab was sent for, or I believe the same cab, I am not quite certain, and we got into it and drove somewhere in the Wandsworth Road, I don't know where, when Meiklejohn and Kurr got out—whilst we were in the cab Meiklejohn asked me if Kurr had ever told me how he had managed to get the Contractor right—I said "No," although he had—he said "It was in this wise; early in the spring I was one night with Kurr at some public-house when a message came from his house that he was wanted immediately, that he left Kurr and returned home, and found Druscovich, who seemed exceedingly annoyed, and told him that he was in great difficulties, that he had backed a bill for his brother, and still required 60l. to complete the money which was due, and if it was not forthcoming the Sheriff's officer would be put in possession; and he asked him to lend him 60l.; that Meiklejohn said that he could not, but he had a friend who he had just left. who would be very pleased to lend him that sum, and if he liked he would run round to

the public-house and try and find that friend; that Druscovich wanted to know who his friend was, and Meiklejohn replied, "Oh, he is a perfect gentleman, he is an owner of race-horses, and you may thoroughly trust him, but leave it to me; "that Druscovich showed a great deal of hesitation,' but Meiklejohn left and went to the public-house; but Kurr had left and Meiklejohn then made an appointment to see Kurr, and told him what position Druscovieh was placed in, and asked him whether he would lend him the 60l., and Kurr said yes, he was only too pleased to do so, but asked what kind of acknowledgment he was to receive—Meiklejohn said "None whatever; if you ask for an acknowledgment and Druscovich finds out who you are, he would never take the money; leave it to me entirely"—an appointment was made for the next night, Tuesday, I believe, when Meiklejohn introduced Druscovich to Kurr, and ultimately Kurr lent Druscovich 60l.—I said to Meiklejohn "Well, but can he be trusted, we are going to lose you?"—I meant that he was going away; he had told me that it was contemplated that he was to receive the appointment—he said "You can trust Druscovich as you would myself"—Meiklejohn told me all that in the cab—when they got out of the cab in Wandsworth Road, I was left alone in the cab for about an hour—I saw them go down the street, and a few minutes afterwards I saw them. go into a public-house with a third person, who I did not know then, but know now to be Jebb—they came back to the cab, and Kurr asked Jebb certain questions in Meiklejohn's presence about the limits of the S.W. district, in order to take offices all in the same district—he also asked about letters coming by post, whether they could open French registered letters, which have five seals—he said "No, not unless there are seals made to imitate the originals"—Kurr had named certain streets in which to take the offices, and Jebb replied that Jermyn Street, St. James's Place, St. James's Square, Cleveland Row, Duke Street, Charles Street, and Vere Street, to the best of my recollection, were all in the S.W. district; in fact, that the whole of one side of Piccadilly was—I had already taken the lodgings in King Street for Montgomery, but no mention was made of King Street, because we knew it—Kurr said that Jebb was not an intelligent man—Kurr said "No, when Godwin comes back, that is the man you will have to see," and he asked Jebb whether it would not be advisable to give the postman a gratuity—Jebb said "No, I will place a young postman on the beat, and if he does not deliver your letters properly, you must bully him"—Kurr had asked, in "the event of any inquiries being made, how long notice could he rely upon in order to change the addresses if the letters were stopped, and not lose any of them—he said You may reckon on a week"—I mean that we could get a week's notice before any letters could be stopped, and he explained how it could be done; that the information would come from the Post-office first, and would be put on a file and left for a time—I could only walk with crutches at that time, and when I was in the Isle of Wight I could not walk at all; I was carried—I can walk with two sticks now—I took to sticks instead of crutches while I was at Mrs. Ethel's—from July last year till I was arrested, I had a difficulty in walking—the answers which came to the circulars sent out on the 20th came to 11, King Street, to Montgomery's, and were then brought to the lodgings I had removed to at Mrs. Assy's, 120, Newington Green Road, on the 24th—I replied to them in French—I saw Meiklejohn on the 25th, and told him I had removed,

and I saw him on Sunday evening, 27th, at his house, 202 South Lambeth Road, and told him that I had received a number of replies and the cheques he gave me at the Langham Hotel were completely used' having been sent to our foreign correspondents, and I should feel "grateful if he would give me some more—this cheque of the South-Western Bank of August 26th, is filled up in Bale's writing—I received it in blank from Meiklejohn, and sent it to one of the persons who had answered the circulars—it was forwarded to a correspondent and returned by him to one of the fictitious bookmakers, and so came again into my possession—Meiklejohn said "You don't mean to say that you have used up all those cheques?"—I said "I have, and a great many more"—he said "I have no more to give you"—I said "The printer says he ordered a great many more of our own, but the printer has not kept his word, and they have not yet come to London"—when I said cheques of our own, I did not at that time tell Meiklejohn what cheques I referred to—I know Palmer—I drove with Kurr last August to the Strand; Kurr alighted, and was met by Palmer; the two passed the cab a few minutes later, and went somewhere else—I was left in the cab about a quarter of an hour—I cannot fix the date—I did not know Palmer at that time personally—I think that was the first time I had seen him—this is Mrs. Assy's lodging book (produced) with her account in it—the offices at 8, Northumberland Street were taken on 30th August by F. Kurr only, but were not occupied till the 31st, when the agreement was signed—I went there every day and secured the letters sent to Montgomery, and the letters sent to the bookmakers were brought there by F. Kurr and Bale—W. Kurr was present when those offices were taken on 31st—when we went into occupation he was there all day—we were all there on the 31st—I first saw Meiklejohn there on Saturday, 7th September—he said that everything was at an end; the police had wind of our dealings; detectives had been sent to Murray's lodgings, where the letters were received, and, in fact, the whole scheme had collapsed—he drew out a paper from his pocket when I stated that I did not believe his statement, and from it he read Montgomery's address, 11, King Street; Jacob Francis, 2, Cleveland Row; Charles Jackson, 12, St. James' Place, and Thomas Ellerton, of Duke Street, I think—I said" There can be no doubt that the matter is correct, it is a great pity, it seems that ill-luck pursues us"—Kurr then winked at me, and I knew it was a hoax—I said to Meiklejohn "I know it is not true; if it had been true you would have been the first to have suffered"—Kurr then asked Meiklejohn if he had seen that morning's Sport—he said "No," and we both went into the back office, and I took from a box I kept there one of the numbers of the Sport newspaper, and brought it back into the room—I forget whether I gave it to Kurr or to Meiklejohn, but Meiklejohn took it, opened it, and on seeing Montgomery's name, he said "Oh, I have not got time for this bosh now, I must take it; I will read it later on"—I said "Yes, if you promise no one shall see it"—he did so, and put it in his pocket—500 were printed at first, and afterwards 250, but no second newspaper was issued—he asked us if we were doing well—I said no—Kurr went out and fetched some champagne from the Northumberland Hotel I think—on Thursday or Friday, September 7th or 8th, I saw Palmer at the office—there 'was a tap at the window with an umbrella—Kurr and Bale were in the

office—I looked out and saw Palmer—Kurr went out, and was away a few minutes, and came in again alone, and in consequence of what he said I gave Kurr 10l. in two notes I think, and a Sport newspaper—he went out with them, and stayed out half an hour—when he came back he had not got the 10l., but he had got the newspaper—I next saw Meiklejohn at the office on 11th September, between twelve and one o'clock—he asked for Kurr—I told him that Kurr had just gone to the Criterion grill-room to get a chop, and had left word that if any one called he would not be long—he said that he had not got much time, but he would wait to see if he came back—I had before me a number of our cheques returned by that morning's or the previous evening's post—Meiklejohn made the remark "Have you received all these cheques this morning?"—I said "Yes; and you are quite welcome to them; they are all our cheques"—they were the Royal Bank of London—he said he did not want any of that trash, but he had certainly made up his mind to have his whack out of the present concern—I said I should have no objection if the thing were profitable—he said "Yes, I should expect it after the way I was treated by Walters; he promised me 250l. out of the last affair, and I had nothing"—I said "You don't expect us to be responsible for Mr. Walters's debts"—he said no, but that over the Archer affair he had not been treated properly by Kurr; that all he had to a paltry amount in comparison with the large amounts that had been received in Archer—I said that he should have made that remark to Kurr at the time when he found he was not properly treated, and said "Besides, you forget the enormous advertising expenses, and also the fact that the French police stopped 8,000l. at the post-office; but you need not fear a similar calamity in this ease, because we are working this quietly and by degrees; it is a lasting game, and you will have no fault to find"—he then told me that he had come up from Derby to see about the letting of his house—I asked him if he had. a tenant—he said that he thought he had—I asked him what rent he thought a tenant would pay—he said 40l. to 45l.—I asked him what he paid for the house—he said that with various improvements he had made it had cost him 400l. or 450l.—he told me he had got a very nice house at Derby, at 45l. a year, with half an acre of land attached—I sent circulars to two departments of France, the Marne and the Gironde—this (produced) is the directory from which I worked—I have put "Fine" at the end of Marne—I simply selected the notaries and the gentry—Kurr came in before Meiklejohn went away on the 11th of September—I saw Palmer on Thursday, the 14th of September—he tapped at the window with his umbrella or stick—I sent Bale out—he returned alone—on that day I also saw Jebb at the office—I remember the night of September 25—I was disturbed in the night by a stone breaking the window—I did not get up—the next day I drove to Kurr's and fetched him away—on our way to Northumberland Street he made a communication to me—there we found Bale and Frederick Kurr—kurr went out for five minutes, and made a communication to me when he came back—in consequence of what he said I went to Glasgow that night with Bale and Frederick Kurr—I took 13,500l. in Bank of England notes with me, and I afterwards received 500l. in notes by letter—I had received the notes from William Kurr—I went in the name of Cosnove to Macrae's Hotel—the other two went in the names of Reynolds and Richardson—while I was at Glasgow I received several communications

from William Kurr, letters and telegrams—I paid in the first notes on Friday, the 29th—I paid the money into two banks: one was the Tron gate branch of the Clydesdale Bank, and the other the Trongate branch of the City of Glasgow Bank—before I paid them in I received a letter from William Kurr on the 28th—I immediately went to the banks to open accounts—I also directed Bale and Frederick Kurr to open other accounts elsewhere in Glasgow—that was in consequence of the letter—I did not pay in all the money—I paid 5,900l. into the Clydesdale Bank (Trongate branch), and 1,735l. into the City of Glasgow Bank—I kept the balance back—I did not pay in all the notes because the greater portion of them had been stopped—I knew that from the letter I had received—I left Glasgow on Tuesday night 3rd October, on my return to London—before leaving I paid in on the Monday a further sum of 800l. in notes, which I ascertained had not been stopped, to the Clydesdale Banking Company, and on the Tuesday I paid in the bulk of the remainder, 5,600l. in stopped and 200l. in Glasgow notes—that made up a sum of 10,000l., for which I obtained a draft on the Greenock branch of the Clydesdale Bank—I cashed that draft and got one hundred 100l. Clydesdale notes at the Greenock branch at twelve o'clock—Greenock is only an hour's ride by rail—I left for London the same night by the nine o'clock express—before leaving I telegraphed to William Kurr—I arrived at St. Pancras (Midlanu) station the following morning at eight o'clock—I took a four-wheel cab, and my servant took a hansom—my cab broke down at the corner of the Caledonian Road—my cabman called another cab, and I got into it; but first drove to the telegraph station and telegraphed to Bale—the second cabman took me to my own door, 1.0, Newington Green Road, where my servant had just arrived—I saw Kurr that day about ten in the morning, and gave him a draft for 300l. drawn by the British Linen Company in favour of Mr. W. Medway, I think, on Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Co—I had purchased it from the British Linen Company, at Glasgow, and paid for it with three of the notes which I had obtained from the City of Glasgow Bank or the Clydesdale Bank—Kurr took away the draft with him, and after a time returned with 300l. in gold, in two small leather bags, and I counted out 150l. and placed it in one of the bags, and gave it back to him—I saw him the same day a third time about six o'clock, and a fourth time about half-past ten—I gave him the whole of the notes that I had brought with me—I left Mrs. Assy's on the morning of the 6th October, and went to Brighton with Kurr to the Ship Hotel—I remained until the following Monday week, 16th October—Kurr remained until Saturday, the 14th during the time we were at Brighton we twice made trips to London—the first was on Tuesday, the 10th—we drove from Victoria station to the corner of Great College Street—Kurr got out of the cab, and after being absent about half an hour he came back alone, and made a communication to me—Kurr remained in London—I came up to London again on the 16th—I had an appointment with a solicitor, and I afterwards met Kurr and changed cabs, and drove to his house—I returned alone to Brighton on the same night—I left Brighton on the 16th; I went to Hastings, and on the following day came to London—I went to the Castle and Falcon in the name of Clifford, with my servant—I saw Meiklejohn that evening between seven and eight, at Kurr's house—I had shaved off my moustache and beard, and Meiklejohn stated that I looked like Mr.

Lewis—Meiklejohn said he could not stay, as he was in a great hurry, but he would be in town on the following Thursday, and he wished to see us then—he told kurr that Druscovich was anxious to see him—Kurr asked fur what reason, and he said he did not know—Meiklejohn saw me on the 19th at the Castle and Falcon, about six o'clock—he had some champagne, and asked for his whack—he said it was time to arrive at a settlement—I asked him what he would take, he said 2,000l.—I asked him if he was joking—I said surely he might be serious, and if he could not be serious there could not be business between us—he said he was perfectly serious, he wanted 2,000l., and 2,000l. he meant to have—I said Really I should decline to say anything more on the subject if he could not be serious—he said "I have stated what I will take, now tell me, what will you offer me?"—I said "I am ashamed to offer you anything after your remark; there is such a difference between my offer and your demand that I should not like to state what I am going to give you"—he then said that inasmuch as he had been cheated over the Walters and Hurray and Archer affairs he considered it was his due, and therefore he named 2,000l.—I said we could not be responsible for what Walters had promised him, and if he was disappointed over what he had received in the Archer affair he should have made his complaint to Archer—he said he had been defrauded of at least 300l., and we were to make it good—he said "What are you going to offer me?"—I said "I was prepared to offer you between 200l. and 300l."—he said "Certainly rot"—he seemed to take it as an insult, and said "You cannot deceive me this time, I know exactly how much money you have changed; you have changed 13,000l., and that was all profit, as you have had no expenses in the advertising line"—I said "That may be," but of that 13,000l. a great deal was our private money, and nothing to do with the amounts changed by Kurr and myself; and secondly, if we have had no expenses in advertising, we have had great expense in the police line"—he said that that was do business of his what other people received; what he wanted was his own whack, and that he meant to have it, and he did not see why he should be treated worse in this concern than he had been in the Archer affair—Kurr then said "Well, Jack, we won't quarrel, let it be the same as over Archer, let it be 500l.;"—Meiklejohn said "Yes. but you are going to pay me this 200l. or 300l. and defraud me out of the affair of Archer"—I said "That is a matter you will have to decide between yourselves, I have nothing to do with it"—Kurr said "Now comes another question; we have no English notes and no gold; we have nothing but Scotch notes, will you take it in Scotch notes?"—he said "Yes," and Kurr turned to me and said "Have you got 500l.?"—I said "No"—he said "Then I shall have to go home and fetch the notes"—it had been arranged by Meiklejohn and myself on that night that I should go down to Madlock, and an arrangement was made that I should meet Meiklejohn at the Kentish Town station of the Midland Railway, he leaving St. Pancras by the 9.15 train—Kurr made arrangements to meet Meiklejohn at the same time as I left—Kurr was to drive home for the 500l., and give Meiklejohn the amount at the station—I sent my servant from the Castle and Falcon to the station, and I, with Kurr, got into a cab and drove to Kurr's house; there Kurr left me for a few Minutes and came back with a packet in his hand, which he showed me open—they were some of the notes I had brought from Glasgow—we

then drove to the Kentish Town station—the train arrived at 9.20 and Moiklejohn jumped out of one of the carriages—I asked Meiklejohn whether he could not secure a carriage to ourselves—he replied that he could not manage it—I stepped in first and he followed—as we were getting in Kurr handed to Meiklejohn the packet which he had shown to meat 29, Marquess Road, and Meiklejohn put it into his pocket—I do not know who else was in the carriage, but there was a gentleman a stranger to me—after wo had got some little distance he pulled it out and said "What has Bill given me?"—I replied "500l."—he opened the packet, and counted the notes on his knee in presence of the stranger—I asked him how he was going to get rid of them—he said there were one or two which he could manage through his brother—he also said he had a friend who had been to school with him, who was manager of the branch of the Clydesdale Bank at the Bridge of Allan—Meiklejohn said he would not have been so exacting had it not been for his family: that his boys were growing up, and that he wanted to give them a good education—that was my first visit to Derby—I said that I should go by the name of Clifford, of Melbourne—I had never been in Melbourne—I do not know whether Meiklejohn knew that—I went to the Midland Hotel, because he said the manager was one of his friends—I could not get a bedroom there—the only accommodation they could give me was making up a bed in the sitting-room—I stayed there that night—Meiklejohn came next morning to breakfast and showed me a letter from Wilson—I did not know Wilson personally, only by reputation—he is a sub-inspector of the detective police in Glasgow—after breakfast we went to Matlock and stayed at the New Bath Hotel—I went by the name of Clifford there—when I went on 20th Oct. from Derby to Matlock, Meiklejohn went in the train with me—I got out at Matlock Bridge, and he went on—he said he was going to Manchester to make some inquiry concerning some outrage that had been committed on the Midland line—I went from Matlock to Derby on 21st Oct., and went to Meiklejohn's house—I asked him whether he had discovered anything about the outrage he said no—I then asked him what he had done in Manchester—he said that he had taken the opportunity of changing one of the 100l. notes there—this (produced) is one of the Clydesdale notes—I asked with whom he had changed it—he said he did not know; some stranger—I asked him if there were any particulars asked by the money-changer, and what was the rate of exchange—he said when first he inquired about the charge they asked some exorbitant rate of exchange, but afterwards the man agreed to take less, and that the only inquiry made was his name and address—I asked what name ho had given; he replied that he had given some common name, I forget what it was, and the address somewhere in Piccadilly, St. James's Squaro or St. James's Place, I forget which—I told him I considered he had been extremely foolish in changing that note, especially in giving the address he had done, when he knew that the inquiries concerning the fraud would lead to St. James's Place or St. James's Square, in fact. Jackson had received letters there—Jackson was one of the fictitious bookmakers—he said there was no fear of anything arising, because the man was a perfect stranger to him, that he had seen him for the first time, and most likely would never see him again—at Derby Meiklejohn introduced me to Mr. Carr, the inspector of the railway police—I forget whether he introduced me under any name—I think he

simply said "My friend"—I had before that written a letter to Wilson which I took with me and read to Meiklejohn, and I asked him to add a few lines to it or to write it himself, but he said it was perfectly unnecessary to write after what I had done and said in my letter; that would be sufficient, that Wilson would be perfectly satisfied—I told Meiklejohn that I had forwarded 5l. to Wilson, regretting that he should have been placed at any annoyance through the inquiries he had answered for me, and that I hoped he would not, as he had stated in his letter to Meikle john, lose his situation, and that I hoped nothing more would be heard of the matter—I had promised Meiklejohn a case of champagne, and as I could not get it myself would he take the equivalent in money—he said yes, and I gave him five 1l. Scotch notes—I next went from Matlock to Derby on Monday, the 23rd, and saw Meiklejohn at the railway station on the platform and afterwards went to his office—he said "I had a letter from the Contractor this morning"—I asked what he said, and he gave me the letter to read—I read it and gave it him back, and said I considered it a very clever one—I remarked that I did not think the writer of that letter could be thoroughly trusted—he said "You may rely upon him as you would upon me, but he is not up to the case yet," or I not up to the mark," I forget which—there was no enclosure in that letter—I was to have seen Meiklejohn the following day, but he told me that he would have to go to Leeds that day, Tuesday, and I made an appointment with him on the Wednesday, the 25th—I saw him that day at the terminus at Derby, and afterwards at his office—on that occasion he showed me another letter, but before that he told me that on the Tuesday (the 24th) at Leeds he had cashed another 100l. note with a friend of his, a wine merchant, in Leeds—I said I thought it was a very foolish thing—he said that the gentleman with whom he had cashed it had kown him for seventeen years, and that therefore nothing would take place—after I had seen the letter I said I thought he had been exceedingly unwise and foolish to have changed a 100l. note under those circumstances, especially after what the letter contained; no doubt there would be some serious consequences arising from it—he again replied that he did not think anything serious could arise, from the mere fact that the gentleman who had changed it had known him seventeen years, and in all probability no inquiries would be made on the subject at all—I said I did not think he had heard the last of it, and asked what was his hurry, especially after having changed a note on the Saturday—lie said he did not wish the money to lie idle—the letter he showed me had a printed paper enclosed, smilar to this (produced)—I saw Meiklejohn again on Friday, the 27th, at Derby—he told me that he had that morning received another letter from the Contractor—I asked him what the contents were—he did not show it me—he said that the Contractor had written to state that a letter had reached Scotland Yard from the chief or deputy-constable, to the effect that a 100l. note had been changed in Leeds by Meiklejohn, and Druscovich wanted to know what reply was to be given—I told Meiklejohn that I thought the matter was exceedingly serious; what explanation was he going to give—he said that the deputy or chief constable at Leeds I don't know which) was an intimate friend of his, and that he was going to write to him to tell him that his inspector was a fool, and that in the meanwhile nothing would come of the complaint at Scotland Yard, beause Druscovich had destroyed it and put it on the fire—I said I was

still of opinion that the matter was exceedingly serious, and that we should hear what Kurr would say when he came down on the same afternoon—Meiklejohn still treated the matter very lightly—Kurr came to Derby, and Meiklejohn and myself met him on the platform—I told him in Meiklejohn's presence what had occurred, and Kurr took the same view of the matter as I did—he went back with me to Matlock that night—I asked Meiklejohn previously to make Kurr remain over that night as we had to talk of business matters, and it would take some time' longer in fact than could be managed in the time that Kurr would remain in Derby if he had to leave the same night; so it was agreed that we should meet next morning, Meiklejohn, myself, and Kurr, at Derby—we met again next day and went from Matlock to Derby—our interview took place, first at the office, afterwards we drove in a cab to Meiklejohn's house—there we talked about the advisability of starting another firm similar to that of Montgomery, and where the best locality would be—I first proposed to start in Liverpool, but Meiklejohn said no, it was not advisable—I said so far as Glasgow was concerned I thought it was rather too warm, after what had transpired, to go back there—he agreed with me—I asked him "What about Edinburgh; can you give me an introduction in Edinburgh?"—Meiklejohn said that he could give us an introduction, but that he did not think we required one, because Wilson was an intimate friend of a person, he did not mention the name at the time, in Edinburgh, who would do all we wanted. and, turning to Kurr, he said "You know who I mean"—Kurr said "Who do you mean? do you mean Gollan?"—he said "Yes, I do;" he said "He is in the Custom House—no, he is not; he is a sheriff's officer, and as sheriffs officer if anything were to take place you are bound to know it, because no warrant can be issued in Scotland until the sheriff or the fiscal has granted it ""But," said Kurr, "I do not know the man sufficiently myself, I have only seen him once at a racecourse; cannot you give us another introduction?" He said "The captain of the police in Edinburgh is an old man of the name of Linton, but he seldom or ever comes to the office; in fact, I do not think he comes to the office more than once or twice a week. He leaves all his work to be done by his son, who is lieutenant of the police I might manage to give you an introduction to him, but I think." he said "you will find Wilson can manage it very much better than I can, but still I am quite ready to do so." Kurr then asked him whether he thought Edinburgh was the proper place to work—he said yes, he decidedly thought so—Kurr then pressed him to name a day when he would come down to meet Wilson and introduce him to Linton in person—Meiklejohn said that he would have to go to Edinburgh or to Glasgow; no, he would have to go to the north for some inquiry or for some arrangement in a very short time, in fact the next week, and if Kurr liked to make an appointment he would meet him and proceed with him as far as Edinburgh or Glasgow, and there the introduction should take place—it was afterwards agreed that on the following Thursday they should go down together, but they did not go down on the Thursday—Kurr returned to London on that evening—I went back to Matlock and stayed till the Monday next, the 30th—then I returned to London and. stayed at the Great Northern Hotel, under the name of Clifford, until Thursday night, 2nd November—while staying there I purchased a locket and necklet at Benson's, on Ludgate Hill—Kurr, who was with me, paid

for them, 20l., and I gave the packet to him—on 2nd November I went by the night train to Bridge of Allan—Meikiejohn had recommended me to go there—firstly, because it was a salubrious place; and, secondly, because it was near Edinburgh, and also because he stated that he had a friend there named Monteith, manager of the branch of the Clydesdale Bank at Bridge of Allan—when I got to Bridge of Allan I stayed at the Queen's Hotel, under the name of Young—Kurr came to me on Saturday, 4th November, the day after I arrived—Meikiejohn came with him—I lad previously made inquiries about Mr. Monteith, and when I saw Meikiejohn I told him I had discovered there was no Clydesdale Bank at the Bridge of Allan, and that though Mr. Monteith did live at Bridge of Allan, it was true, but it was his private residence; that he had originally been joint manager of the branch at Stirling, and had just been promoted to the sole managership of the Alloa branch—on entering the hotel I asked Meiklejohn (he told me he had but a short time to remain) if he would kindly send to Monteith, asking him to come round, and he drew out one of his own cards and wrote something on it and then gave me the card—I handed it to the landlord of the hotel and asked him to send it up immediately to Bombay House, where Mr. Monteith resided, to ask Monteith to come down immediately—the message came back that Mr. Monteith was not at home, that he was not expected till late that night, and consequently he did not come—(card handed)—that is the one. (Real: "Mr. John Meikiejohn, Inspector of Detective Police, Scot-laud Yard.") On the back is written: "Mr. Monteith will be kind enough. to come to the Queen's Hotel as soon as possible"—I was then told what arrangement had been made for the next day, Sunday—they began by telling me that they had met in Edinburgh Wilson and Gollan, and that they had made an appointment that the two were to come on the nest day, Sunday morning, to the Bridge of Allan, and that they would be there in time for breakfast—I strongly objected to their coming to the Queen's Hotel, and Meiklejohn upheld me—Kurr was in favour that they should come, but I asked Meiklejohu whether there was not a place not far from Bridge of Allan where we could adjourn without its being at the Queen's Hotel he said "Yes, why not go to Dumblane, it is only a few miles?"—four miles I think from Bridge of Allan—he said "It is half-way between Bridge of Allan and my father's house," where he was going on—that was Green Loaming—I asked the landlord whether he could give notice at Dumblane so that we might find dinner ready, inasmuch as Wilson and Gollan would have to return that same night, Sunday, and, there was only one train, and by my instructions he telegraphed to the Stirling Arms at Dumblane and ordered dinner for five—it was then agreed that I should leave Bridge of Allan early in the morning, Sunday, drive to Green Loaming and fetch Meikiejohn, whilst Kurr would meet the other two at the station, take them back to the hotel, where he would engage a special room for them, and after I had left he would walk to Dumblane with them, and we should meet all at dinner—Meiklejohn then left me—before he left I asked him if he would introduce me to Mr. Monteith—he said he would, and that is all that transpired then—to the best of my recollection he returned by the 5 something train—no arrangement was made about meeting Monteith that night—I had not then seen him—the next day I drove to Green Loaming, fetched Meiklejohn away, and drove him back to Dutnblane—we all dined

together, Meiklejohn, Kurr, Wilson, Gollan, and I—I afterwards drove Meiklejohn back part of the way to Green Loaming, and on the road I asked him whether be would not give me an introduction to Mr. Monteith—I said that it was early enough, and that in all probability it being Sunday, I should be able to catch Monteith at home that same evening, and see him before he went to the bank in the morning, and moreover make an appointment for Mr. Monteith to see Meiklejohn the next morning, as Meiklejohn was going back to Derby the next day—he said he would do so, and asked me what form of introduction I should like—I said "Simply give me a card, write a few lines of introduction." He got out of the cab and wrote a few lines at the back of this card—I took it with me, and after making an appointment with Meiklejohn to breakfast with us next morning, I drove straight to Bombay House, where Mr. Monteith resided, and gave the card to the servant who opened the door—I was shown into the drawing-room and Monteith came a few minutes afterwards—that was on Sunday, the 5th—I saw him again next moruing—Meiklejohn came to breakfast with us on the Monday, and the next day, the 7th, I opened an account at the Alloa branch of the Clydesdale Bank—I paid in 2,600l.—this is the paying-in slip:" Clydesdale Banking Company, 7th Nov., 1876. Paid in on account of Henry Young with the Clydesdale Banking Company, 2,600l. sterling, by the hands of Henry Young"—I paid it in ten 100l. notes of the City of Glasgow Bank, and eight 20l. notes of the Clydesdale Banking Company—on Thursday, the 9th, I paid into the same account 400l. in four 100l. notes on the Clydesdale Banking Company—I do not know whether that is the slip, as it is not signed—I introduced Kurr to the Bank on the 9th, and saw him pay in 500l.—on Friday, 10th November, we had a dinner at Bridge of Allan—Mr. Monteith and Kurr dined with me—on Monday, the 6th, I paid a visit to Edinburgh, and saw Street and Bale—that is the only visit I paid to Edinburgh—Kurr passed in the name of Gifford at Bridge of Allan—about three or four o'clock on the afternoon of the 10th Kurr received a telegram—I saw it—this is the substance of it: "If Shanks is near I. of W. let him leave at once and see you—a letter follows." "While at dinner we received another telegram—this is the substance of it: "If Shanks is with you, let him leave you immediately. leaves to-night and will be at Bridge of Allan by the first train in the morning. Very important."—In consequence of that telegram I made up my mind to leave—the telegram came about eight o'clock, before we had done dinner—I left that same night—I apologised to Mr. Monteith and went away—my servant went with me—we arrived at Perth about one o'clock in the morning, stayed for the night, the next day I went to Linlithgow—(James Irvine Midwinter, Clerk to Mr. Abrahams, proved the service of a notice to produce, on Meiklejohn on 12th October)—Meiklejohn handed me a letter he had received from London from Druscovich the morning before—I did not read it—I read the enclosure—I stayed at Linlithgow a day, and then went to Derby, where I arrived at five on Sunday morning—I went to the Midland Hotel—I saw Meiklejohn at his house, and asked him whether he had heard why I was compelled to leave so suddenly—he said "No"—I asked him if he was aware Druscovich had turned up suddenly in Edinburgh, and then at Bridge of Allan—he said he had heard nothing on the subject, and asked for particulars, which I gave him—I then asked Meiklejohn to go to Bridge

of Allan without delay, and I should be obliged if he would go that night, as we should have more time to discuss the matter, and Kurr would very likely be there—the same day, Sunday, I asked Meiklejohn to see Monteith at Bridge of Allan, and so to conduct matters that we should be able draw out the 3,500l. which had been lodged at the Bank at Alloa—Kurr and Street came later—Kurr asked Meiklejohn if he had heard what taken place—he said that he had received two telegrams, and in order to be in communication he had left for Glasgow, and had gone to Wilson's house and slept on the sofa, and that he had telegraphed the better part of the night in order to intercept Druscovich on his way to Edinburgh or before he could get to Bridge of Allan, but he had not been able to do so, but had managed to meet him in Edinburgh about ten o'clock in the morning, and that Druscovich was more like a madman than anything else, that he kept saying, "Cannot I take him," meaning myself, "and afterwards let him go"—I said that I had not any intention of trusting myself to the tender mercies of Mr. Druscovich—he said that he had got DruscoYieh to consent, and he would not go so early as he intended, in order that someone might go to Bridge of Allan and get the letters, and Druscovich said that he would delay his departure till the 3 or half-past 3 train, and in the meantime he would send somebody to Bridge of Allan to get the letters, and that the landlord had refused to give up the letters, that he had received my instructions to that effect, and said that I should ask them the amount—Meiklejohn, myself, Street, and Kurr, were present—I asked Meiklejohn whether he thought Druscovich could be trusted—he said, "Certainly, why not, in face of all the facts?"—he said, "Well, the man has lost his head"—Kurr and myself urged him to leave for Bridge of Allan that very night, and also for Edinburgh, in order that he might see Druscovich to give us time to draw out the money from the bank, but he would not hear of such a thing, and he said that he did not see any reason for immediate hurry, if Druscovich compromised "him he would compromise Druscovich—I asked him what was to be done, he said he should have a line that night, and he would see Murray and ask him whether he would go to Bridge of Allan with my cheque and Kurr's cheque and carry out the matter—after I left Meiklejohn's house I drew a cheque and gave it to Kurr—I asked Meiklejohn what I had better do—he said "You had better not remain here"—I said "Where shall I go?"—he said "You had better go into Staffordshire"—I said "I want to be near you to get information as quick as I can"—he said—"Suppose you go to Leicester, and if anything comes either write down or telegraph"—I said" "Where shall I go there?" and he suggested the Bull Inn—I went to the Bull Inn that night, and passed in the name of Morris—I saw Meiklejohn that night; he came to the Bull—he showed me a telegram which he said he had received that morning from the Contractor, and he did not like the tone of it at all—he showed it to me—this is it: "From Druscouch Bridge of Allan, to Meiklejohn, Midland Railway, Derby, November 13, 1876 Shall be to-night at Ship Hotel, Edinburgh. I want some important information from you as to your knowledge as to three persons who have been staying here. Come up if you can."—I said I wished he had taken my advice and had gone on the night before, and asked what he had done in the matter—he said that he had done nothing, and had not decided anything, but he intended writing or telegraphing to Druscovich

that he could not come on Monday, as he had important business but that he would come the next night—I said "What is he going to say about the men mentioned?"—he said all he could say was that lie knew some men, but the description in the paper was not the same as would answer my description—I then told him that I had received a telegram from Kurr, which I could not make head or tail of—I showed him the telegram—to the best of my remembrance it was: "Go to Mrs. Dubliaton thence to the place where Strasbourg was telegraphed from, prepare every tiling to be ready to go to Hookey town." I could not understand it all—Kurr arrived that same evening at about seven o'clock—Meiklejohn was there when he came—I asked Kurr what news there was—he said "No news whatever," he could get no information in London: Druscovich was still dow n in Scotland—Kurr explained that the telegram which lie had sent M'as meant to read "Go to Dublin, thence to the place where Strasburg was telegraphed from," which wai Queenstown, because we had sent a telegram to Reinhardt from Queenstown; "thence to New York."—I asked "Why to New York?"—he said "Because they want you to be away"—"they" meant Palmer and Clarke—I asked Kurr what he had done with Murray—he paid, after some persuasion, that lie had induced Murray to leave that night for Alloa, he was to go on to Stirling, and the next morning he would present the drafts at Alloa—he said he had no doubt that Murray would succeed in obtaining the money, and that all wouldbe right—I had no English money, and I said I should feel obliged if lie would send mo English bank notes; that I would then go to Dublin that night and await instructions from him as to what port I could embark from, and as soon as I had definite information and the money I should embark for Isavf York—Kurr said to feiklejoim "Under the circumstances I think it is very much better that I should not telegraph to you any more to your oilice, where had I better telegraph to you?"—he said "You had better telegraph to me in the name of Thompson at the Railway Hotel and the Midland Hotel, Derby; where shall I telegraph to you?"—he said you had better telegraph to the name of Matthews, at the Mitre, Kingsgate Street"—that is in Holborn, London—I then left Leicester and went to Dublin by Holyhead—I stayed at the Gresham Hotel in Dutdin—my servant was with me—I stayed until Fridaj night, 17th November—while in Dublin I sent away my servant to New York in the steamer Polynesian, of the Allan Line, which went from Londonderry to Portland, in the state of Maine—I gave him both telegrams and letters which lie was to post from New York—I left Dublin and went to Rugby, and from there to Birmingham, and from there to Heading, where I arrived on Monday, 20th November—I met Kurr at the Reading station, and we came on to London—we arrived at about ten o'clock at night, and we met Street on our arrival at Paddington—we got into a cab at ihe station, and drove somewhere on the south side of the lhames, about Kennington—Kurr and Street got out of the cab, and wero absent at Jesist two hours—I remained in the cab—when they returned they made a communication to me—we drove then to St. Katherine's Wharf, and I left by the boat in the morning for Boulogne, went to Brussels for two or three days, and afterwards proceeded to Rotterdam, where I stayed at the New Bath Hotel in the name of Morton—on Sunday, 26th November, Y. Kurr and Bale both came to the hotel—I knew they had been in Rotterdam since Friday, but did not know

where to find them—Frederick Kurr took the name of Collins, and Bale that of Taylor—on the 1st December I gave one Clydesdale note to the landlord to change, and the next day we were all three taken in custody by the Dutch authorities—I had 25 Clydesdale notes more on me—I received a telegram when in custody, and afterwards a second telegram, on 8th of December I think, from Froggatt—one was sent on the day of my arrest, and that was not delivered to me till some days after—the second telegram reached me first—this is the telegram which was placed in my hands after the second telegram. (Read: "Sept. 4th, 1876. From E. Froggatt to Harry Benson, care of Prefect of Police, Rotterdam. Am instructed to defend you. Send word when Druscovich arrives. No case against you." This is the second telegram, this was placed in my handsfirst. (Read: "Dec. 14, 1876. London, W. C From Froggatt, 6, Argyll Street, London, to Benson, care of Prefect of Police, Rotterdam. Fuffer has instructed me to defend the others; shall I defend you?"—Fuffer was William Kurr—I first saw Froggatt on the 18th December last year—he simply said that Fuffer had instructed him to defend me, and I asked him what he thought of the case—he said the extradition was bound to be cranted; that I could not have selected a worse place to come to than Holland, as the extradition treaty included everything, even assaults; and that if I had selected France I should have done much better, as, though there was an extradition treaty between England and France, it had not been ratified—he asked if I remembered the case of Walton, where the man was discharged—I said I did, and asked him if he could give me any information what was going on about Murray—he said the case had been remanded Last Saturday, the 16th—Mr. Poland, he said, had made some remarks about a 100l. note, which he Froggatt had received in payment, and passed through his bankers—ultimately my extradition was granted—I came to England on the 12th of January of this year—prior to corning I received a telegram in prison at Rotterdam about the arrest of Kurr, but I am not sure about the wording of this telegram (produced)—Druscovich brought me from Rotterdam to London—on the voyage from Rotterdam to Harwich I had an interview with him—he came into the cabin, and after dismissing one of the officers in whose charge I was: I had before asked him to do so: he conversed with me—I spoke in French—we were alone—I asked him whether he could give me any information about the case—he said no, he could not give me any information whatever—he had, he said, been kept twenty-five days in Rotterdam, and he was evidently suspected, as nothing was imparted to him, and all his information was from the newspapers—I asked him how he knew he was suspected—he said they had written for his photograph, and he had replied that it would be found at the Home Office—he said he hoped the sides of the ship would open and that we should all go to the bottom—I echoed his wish and said "There is nothing tangible against you"—he said "I suppose you know how I became acquainted with Kurr; I wish I had never been acquainted with him;" and that he got into trouble through his brother, and accepted 60l. from Kurr, underthe belief that he was a very different man to what he really was—I asked him where Madame de Goncourt was—he replied "She is in London "I said" We intend attempting to settle with her, and therefore the whole matter might drop"—he said he knew nothing about it at all, he was dreadfully compromised in the matter, he was not trusted, and he

had his instructions written out—he was ordered to watch us carefully and it was even proposed at one time to send out a gunboat to fetch us' and lest I should cut my throat, my meat was to he cut up for me, and he had no discretion whatever—there were five other officers with Druscovich, a sergeant from Scotland Yard, and four detectives—there were three prisoners—I asked him if there were other complaints from France besides Madame De Goncourt's, and he said yes, ho had a great pile on his desk, some even about commissions that had not been paid—I asked him what had become of Kurr and what was known of Kurr—he said all he knew he read in the newspapers, and that was very little, and that having been in Rotterdam all the time he first saw him on the 9th, with the exception of twenty-four hours when he went back to spend Christmas, he could not give any information—I told him he might rely on Kurr that nothing would take place, that next day probably he would be placed in the box at Marlborough Street, and carefully cross-examined—he said if he was placed in the box he would have nothing to do but to answer that he had met Kurr—I urged him not to say anything until he was asked, and said that there was no proof of his seeing Kurr—when we got to Harwich we took the train to London, and I had a further conversation with Druscovich in the train—all the other officers and prisoners were present—they could not understand us, as I spoke French—nothing of importance in addition to what I have already told you was then said—he showed me a photograph of my servant, and asked me if I knew who it was—ho told mo how I came to be arrested through my servant—he said what a fool the man was to be in correspondence with some girl at Shanklin, and it was owing to that that information had reached the solicitor in London—either in the train or on board the steamer I asked him why he did not give us more time at the Bridge of Allan—he said he had given us as much time as possible, and would have given us more but for the cabman, McNab; that he was speaking to the landlord of the hotel about the intention of returning to Edinburgh without having found us, when McNab came in with a sergeant of the Bridge of Allan police—ho said "I know the men well, but I should never have suspected them"—Druscovich said he then had no other alternative but to follow up the clue, but nevertheless he had given us the whole of Sunday—I said that Sunday was no use to us, because we could not draw the money out of the bank—I remember one comment of his on board the boat was, "Well, my boys; I have done all I can for you, now you must do the best you can for yourselves"—although he said "boys," it was said to me alone—I said that the whole matter, so far as the cabman and the impossibility of cashing the cheques were concerned, was exceedingly unfortunate and ill-timed.

Wednesday, October 31st.

HARRY BENSON (continued). When I was brought back from Rotterdam to London I was confined in the cells at Marlborough St. Police-court—I saw Mr. Froggatt there once—I had previously seen him at Rotterdam—the interview at Rotterdam was the first time I saw him—at Rotterdam he spoke to mo about Kurr under the name of " Fuffer"—he said "1 come from Fuffer; you know who that means?"—I said "Yes"—he then said "He has instructed mo to appear and to defend you and to do all I can for you"—we then went into what I stated yesterday—he mentioned

others of my associates—he said Walters was in trouble at the time; some discussion or some difference had arisen between Walters and Kurr—he did not say what trouble Walters was in, he said something in the City—I saw Froggatt several times at the House of Detention—at Rotterdam I spoke of a telegram he had sent before he left, in which he had announced Kurr's arrest, and in which he had referred to a scheme he evidently had for our release, I should imagine—I asked him to explain, and he said he would explain when I saw him at the House of Detention on Monday—I saw him at the House of Detention on Monday, 15th January—I told him many of his letters I imagined had not reached my hands, there had been a great deal in some of his telegrams, and I knew from Druscovich all the letters I had written to him had been copied—I asked him then to explain the phrase in his telegram, "Trust me," as it denoted he had some plan or scheme—he said that he had a plan, but that Kurr did not trust him—ho spoke of Kurr by his own name then—he said that he had executed all Kurr's orders; that he had tried by Kurr's instructions to get the landlord of the office, No. 8, Northumberland Street, to abstain from appearing as a witness, but that apparently the solicitor for the prosecution had got on the right side of Flintoff, the landlord, and that nothing had come of it—at this or a subsequent interview I stated I thought the only way in which the matter could be arranged was that a settlement could be arrived at between the prosecutrix and ourselves—Froggatt stated that he, was of that opinion too—he asked me whether I had any of the Clydesdale Bank notes—I said that I had, but that they were in the hands of a friend—he said that he could either for 10 or for 15 per cent, get rid of those notes if we chose, and he asked me how many notes I had—I stated I had twelve, I believed, and he said "Kurr says he has 17; call it £3,000."—I said that would hardly be what was due to the prosecutrix, and he said, 'Yes, there would be a further loss"—I replied, "I should not feel disposed to bear that loss; the prosecutrix must take the Scotch notes; she could get them easily changed, whereas we could not"—I then asked him if he would be ready for undertake the negotiations—he said yes, if the money were placed in his hands—on Thursday, February 8th, while I was having an interview with our solicitor's clerk (we had then changed Mr. Froggatt) Froggatt came into the room and said, "I have this day taken out a summons for perjury against Flintoff"—either at that interview or previously he had told me he could prove by independent witnesses that Flintoff had committed perjury—I think it was at the previous interview he showed me that the six drafts (produced) five on the Credit Lvonnaise and one on the Socioto Generate which I received from Madame de Goncourt—I gave them to Bale and F. Kurr—some of them are endorsed by F. luirr only, and others by both F. Kurr and Bale—the 10,000l. in cheques produced, drawn on the "Royal Bank of London," were sent to Madame de Goncourt—wo sent from 80,000l. to 90,000l. in these sham cheques to Madame de Goncourt—in the course of the fraud we also received French notes, which were changed, and the proceeds divided—the French paper nnnpy was given to Bale—after being committed for trial I was sent to Newgate—while in Newgate I communicated with Kurr clandestinely—onone occasion I communicated with Kurr in chapel—Kurr spoke first, replied to him.

Cross-examincd by MR. WILLIAMS. The newspaper advertisement by

means of which I first became acquainted with Kurr was one requiring "a person who could write articles on any given subject—I answered it in writing, and subsequently in person—I was engaged to write a leading article in a piper—there was no salary named at the time—I Was asked to give my services at first on probation; I did so one week—subsequently I received five guineas per week simply for writing one article weekly sometimes two—at first I did not know the article was manufactured for the purposes of fraud—I was two mouths before I discovered it—I was not taken in as partner in the fraud till another two months—I was afterwards mixed up with Kurr in the different frauds up to the time of my arrest—I only participated in the profits equally with Kurr once, in the De Goncourt fraud—in the others I received one-eighth and ouf-fifth.—Kurr concocted the schemes and I assisted in carrying them out—I did the foreign element—outside these frauds, and before I became mixed up with Kurr, I once assumed an alias for the purposes of fraud—in Brus-els and in Paris I assumed the name of Count de Montaigu for social purposes, not for the purposes of fraud, for getting into society under a false name and title—that was in 1871—I was successful socially—in Brussels I was not the whole time under the name of Count de Montaigu, I was both in my own name, Benson, and that name—both were not equally successful socially—I passed in both names at the same time—I was Benson to some people and Montaigu to others—I lived in very good style at that time—I used both names on my cards; I had a double set—I represented the Gaulois paper at that time in the name of Benson—I was both Benson and Montaigu to my employers—I shrouded myself in air of mystery as Benson, and said it was an assumed name, that in reality I belonged to a noble family—I represented myself in Brussels as the son of a general officer—that was all false—I did not cease to be Montaigu after leaving Brussels—T went to Nice for two months after leaving Brussels—at Nice I was Montaigu—I dropped Benson—the name of Montaigu was assumed for social purposes—I do not know that it ended in fraud—I swear that—there was a process against me, but I do not know for what purpose—I took care to go—I do not know for certainty that it was for forging the name of Montaigu—I knew a man named Picard there—ho was not my friend—he was an acquaintance—hewas originally a barrister—he was then playing 1 at Monaco—I imagine the process was in connection with a forged bill, but I do not know it—it was suggested that I forged the natle of Montaigu—I left Nice for Paris on Oct. lutli, 1871—I was at Paris two or three weeks as Benson—I continued the name of Count de Montaigu also in London for social purposes always—I was socially successful in London under an assumed name and false title—I continued the name of Montaigu till my arrest on 23rd November, 1871, for the Lord Mayor's fraud—another name I assumed was Marquis Montmorenci, for the purpose of fraud, I am sorry to say—I had 12 months' imprisonment—when I came out of prison I passed as Yonge until April last year—when 1—went to Biarritz on 9th July last year I changed my name to Montapo, altering two letters—that was not fraudulent—if it is "fraudulent" in the depositions it is a mistake—it was without any intention to commit fraud—from Biarritz I went to Paris in the same name—in connection with these frauds I assumed no othr name—I did not assume the name of Prince Murat, although I led Clarke to believe it—I said before the magistrate

he asked me what my real name was, and I said Murat—my handkerchief iras not manufacturedif or the purpose—the coronetand "M" belonged to the lion taigu—the letters were "G M."—I first made up my mind to give information to the Tieasury on April 23rd, the day of my sentence—I did not make up my njind to bring these charges against the police—I did not Inott Kurr was going to give information—I do not know which was the first—Kurr knew I had given information—he asked me the question in chapel on April 26th; Kurr said "I understand you have given information to the Treasury"—I made one wiitteu communication to the Treasury before the detectives vere charged before the magistrate—that is the oaly written one I made—I saw the solicitors to the Treasury during the investigation and several times before—Kurr and I frequently communicated with each other in the House of Detention before our trial, by letter and by verbal message—we communicated each time our solicitor came, every day for a fortnight, Sundays excepted—I had more nicknames than one, as a rule two—they would be names that would, be understood by me and Kurr only, sometimes using one and sometimes the other—I do not know where we arranged the scheme—I really forget—it was arranged from time to time, in letters as a rule—we used to fix upon names, and then we would say '"In future, so aud so will be so and eo"—that was in writing—that was a continuous plan, arranged and changed as we went on—it was not all arranged beforehand, because the names were changed—they were continually changed I in iy eay—there was a pre-arranged scheme between us to communicate with each other,' supposing we were taken into custody—we always had nicknames, and it was au understood thing if we communicated between ourselves that we should employ those nicknames, so thai in the event of a letter falling into the hands of any of the authorities it could not be understood—that pkn wasformed before I wasin the House of Detention; it was lormed in the cells of the ilarlborough Street Police Court—in t'le letters the—'d "was tiken out of "Poodle" and made my nickname into u Foole"—Kurr was "Fijier" and "Williams"—I was "Poole" and "Harwood"—we determined upon the names of the other persons mentioned in the correspondence gradually—when I was at Marlborough Street Kurr said nothing whatever about turning upon me and the rest of ids confederates—he asked m' it I was aware that the Treasury had offered a full pardon to the people who would give information about me and return the money—that was before I was committed for trial, at Marlborough Street—it was while I was under examination there—I said nothing in answer to the suggestion—I did not say that I did not think it would be wise for him to do that, because he did not even suggest that he would do so—I wab asked this question at the police-court "Do you know that a full pardon was offered, and that if kurr had stated who you were he could have been released?" and I then said it would not have been safe; it would have been unwise for him to do so," and you will find that also in the depositions—I know I said that it would be unwise for him so to do—I have communicated with no one since my conviction, except upon that occasion of the 26th of which I told you—that was in chapel, never by writing—I bribed the warders in Newgate—I did say before the magistrate that Kurr said "Are you aware that it I choose to give evidence about you I shall get a full pardon and l,000l.?"—said at the police-court it would be hardly safe—you asked me that question—I said that to Kurr or Murray—I did not say before

the magistrate that I hoped to get a remission of a portion of my sentence—if you will repeat the question as you put it to me at the police-court I will tell you what I said—von asked me if I had any hope, and I said that "he, indeed, would be utterly hopeless who had no hope"—I did not say I hoped to get a remission of a portion of my sentence—you said that I said I hoped—that was all I said—I meant by that that every man has a hope—you asked me that question, and I at first refused to reply to it—I simply said I hoped, and you added the word "remission"—I was not asked whether I hoped to get a remission of my sentence—I was asked "Have you any hope?" and I said "Yes I have," after being very much pressed, and then you added "Have you any hope of remission?" and I refused to answer the question—in reply to the question "Do you have a hope that you will be let loose again on society?" I said "Yes"—I did mean to convey by that that I hoped to get a remission of my sentence—I saw the City solicitor, Mr. Nelson, besides the interviews I had with the solicitors to the Treasury—that was on the 18th of June or July—I made a communication to him—the interview with him lasted about an hour—I did not swear before the magistrate that I had bribed Inspector Bailey of the City Police—I distinctly refused to say that I had bribed Bailey or anyone else—I did say that 15l. a week was set aside for a considerable time for Inspector Bailey—I do not remember saying that from circumstances that subsequently came to my knowledge I was convinced that he had received it—I will not swear that I did not—I did say since the 15l. per week was set aside for Inspector Bailey that I believed he was bribed—it was set aside for about six weeks—that was in connection with the Murray and Walters fraud, the Insurance against Losses on the Turf—I did mention a person of the name of Andrews at Shanklin during the investigation—I became acquainted with Andrews by means of an advertisement—that was in February or March, 1875—I answered his advertisement—I do not know that it was relative to a partnership, in the advertisement it was simply that somebody wanted to borrow money on good security, offering good security, and I answered it in the name of Yonge—Andrews came down to Shanklin to see me, and I subsequently agreed to place a certain sum of money in his business without incurring any risk—the sum was 3,000l.—Andrews was to find the business; the business was in existence—I do not think he was to find any money, nor do I think he found any—I suggested very much later that he should borrow a cheque for 500l.—I put in something like 2,600l.—it is easily proved—I did not subsequently suggest to him that he should borrow a cheque from Hodingham—I did not know from whom he should borrow it or where—he brought me a cheque upon Hollingham for 500l.—I do not know that Hollingham charged Andrews with stealing it—I took it and used the proceeds—I knew it was not obtained fraudulently—the fraud on the Lord Mayor for which I suffered 12 months' imprisonment was for falsely representing myself to be the Mayor of Chatreaudun, and obtaining a sum of 1,000l. from the Lord Mayor—that was in connection with the French war—it was a fund for the relief of Chatreaudun that I wanted to organise, and it was a fund that was being raised at the Mansion House for the purpose of aiding the French—I first became aware that Kurr intended to set up an alibi, during the trial, after the trial had commenced—Kurr's witnesses were called on the Friday, and to

the best of my recollection he told me on the Thursday, or perhaps on the Friday before, I should not like to say—I believe it was on the Thursday he told me that he intended setting up an alibi—he did not tell me that he bad been offered two stretches instead of ten—what he said to me was that if he chose to give information he had been told by his own solicitor that it was probable or possible that he might get two stretches instead of more, but he did not say ten—at that time the sentence was not passed—before bis sentence he told me that—by giving information, I mean giving information against the prisoners—Colkett went by the name of "Sheer-ness" in this correspondence, also by the name of "Keetus"—I did at gome time intend going to Egypt—that was what I stated—it was in June, 1876—I was going to Egypt for two purposes—the first was, at least at the time I speak to, I had an intention of raising a loan, but it failed—I mean by that a loan for the Viceroy of Egypt—I was going to raise the loan with a body of capitalists—I did not enter into communication with the Viceroy directly, but indirectly—I communicated with his son—that was a bona fide loan, which did not come off—I also wished to get rid of certain fraudulent Bastrop bonds—that was also my purpose in going to Egypt—I Knew that they were worthless, and I tried to get some more—with regard to those that were in my possession, I attempted to pass, and did pass some of them off—I knew a man named Colletso—I only knew him by that name—he did put himself into communication with me and Kurr for the purpose, as he then stated, of embarking a large sum of money in the turf frauds—I did not telegraph abroad for the purpose of making inquiries about him and find that he was a swindler—a telegram was sent, and I incurred a loss of 15l. or 16l.; more, I believe, 18l.—I received a large quantity of Bastrop bonds from Colletso—I do not know howmany sheets of them, but I received the nominal value of 100,000 dols., but the real value nil—I received those bonds with a draft from Colletso to try and negotiate the draft, giving the bonds as a collateral security, and to raise a sum of 8,000l., not to invest in my frauds at that time when he actually gave me the bonds; it was not for that purpose, it was to float bis own company, the Bastrop Coal Company—Colletso got nothing for his bonds—I kept them all—I did not endeavour to sell them—I endeavoured on raise money upon them, but I never endeavoured to sell them or sold hem—I endeavoured to raise money upon them at the time I knew they cere worth nothing—I had not expended a farthing, Kurr endeavoured of get his money back—I believe that was at the time he represented a etective—I have no doubt about it from what I have heard—either Kurr Walters told me so—one of them represented the detective, I know—I should not like to say whether both told me so or one—I know one told ie so, perhaps both—they told me that on one Sunday night they had roceeded to the Midland Grand Hotel, where Colletso resided, and that they had asked Colletso—one of them had represented himself as being a Richardson, a detective, and said that he had come to claim a sum of 3l. or 15l., I should not like to swear which, which had been incurred sending telegrams at his (Colletso's) desire, and that they wished him refund it, otherwise they would arrest him—Colletso laughed at it, the ruse, if it was a ruse, did not succeed—I never heard that when had gone to the Midland Hotel, one of them representing himself as detective, and that they had searched him and turned his pockets out I never heard of it until you mentioned it at the police-court—I represented

that my lameness was the result of an accident on the London and North-Western Railway; that was untrue—I made that statement frequently at Shanklin—I led it to be inferred that Yonge was not my real name that in reality I was a person of distinction, passing, for reasons of my own' under the name of Yonge—I don't know that I forced myself into society by that means—I went into society very much before that—I remember making a list of the warders of Newgate—this is it (produced)—that was taken from me—a letter was also taken away from me alleged to be addressed from Bale's father to my father; that was Kurr's invention—this (produced) is it—it was written by Kurr, and passed to me in Newgate, and found in my pocket; it was sent to me to know what I thought of it. (This purported to be written by Bale's father to Benson's father, and was an urgent appeal to him to aid in subscribing the necessary amount to settle with Madame de Goncourt, and so avert the disgrace upon a family of unsullied honour.) I did not know then that Bale had no father, I heard it at the trial—that letter was passed to me to know if I would consent that such a letter should be sent to my father—I believe Bale was a greengrocer before he was associated with me in these frauds—this other letter to my father was taken from me on 21st March, together with another letter to Kurr—the letter to Kurr was written first, I should not like to say how long before the one to my father, perhaps a day, I believe a day; the one to Kurr was written on Tuesday, 20th, and the other on the 21st, before twelve o'clock—they were both written within a day following (Read: "My dear Father,—You may imagine what depth of despair and distress I must have reached to dare address you whom I have so fearfully wronged and grieved; but in you is now centred my only hope, and therefore, it is better that I should face your just wrath than depute a third person to do. I will not (nor can I, for I am so sick of hopes constantly deferred) tell you how each day, during the last six weeks, has dawned with a faint prospect of success, and how it has closed with no hope. To live as I have done for months now is worse than death. I am now driven to the limits of my reason. I have lost all hope. Despair has hold of me, and in the extremity of my need I turn to you, who are my father, and beg you to save me. I know I have no right to ask you for anything, nor would I even do so were you to run any risk, but you (under God) have it in your sole power to save me from my doom. Were I to tell you what the result of my reflections has been, that I have formed, and with God's help, will carry out, good resolves, you would probably and also reasonably retort 'I don't believe you, you have made so many professions and and so few promises have you kept that I will not and cannot believe you.' Yet I am sincere this time, so help me God. I intend to carry out my good resolves if I am set free, and I intend to commit suicide if I am prosecuted. I can do you one good turn by saving you from the fearful expose of a cause celebre, and I will do so, for my judges I will not face. What mercy could I expect from strangers when my own father refuses to save me? But is flesh and blood nothing? Am I not flesh of your flesh, the bone of your bone; and is not blood stronger than water. That letter was intended to go to my father in Paris—that letter was written after I had written this one to Kurr, within twenty-four hours. Mr. Williams here read portions of the letter, which the witness explained as follows:—"Another straw for us to cling to—supposing that Baxter were of Batty's opinion, here is our negotiation, Forbes," that is Madame da

Goncourt, "Forbes there says I won't be married," meaning I will not prosecute, "we know this, and we send that b——f——Batty to his dear friend Monkey"—"Batty" is Mr. Humphreys, "Monkey" is the Treasury—I think so, it represents the prosecution—I believe it represents the solicitor to the Treasury, Mr. Stephenson or Mr. Pollard—I don't know; it represents the solicitor to the Treasury, whoever he may be. "The family has settled with Cowdery, he won't come"—"Cowdery" is another name for Madame de Goncourt. "You have a good excuse, therefore, to close up the whole affair while pretending to figure, and my clients will if you drop it and Forbes be satisfied give you some flower show information," that is information concerning the police. "Monkey's honour will be saved, Cowdery satisfied, and Monarch gets what he fancies will enable him to renovate the gardener's system"—"Monarch" is the Treasury; this was language thoroughly understood between Kurr and myself, and was invented as we went on. "Thomas Taper can say nothing"—that is the press—"and the country would be saved a lot of expense. This I fancy will suit the the b——f——, he will be able to show his pomposity and say 'Through me the whole affair is ended.' Through me Monarch knew all about it. Indeed yesterday the beast began winking at me, and said, 'You will never know what I have (tone for you, but you will find the good of it later' (yes, 15 pennorths)." When I wrote this letter I had hopes that a settlement might be arrived at; when I wrote the other letter, I knew it was no use—my penitence came with my loss of hope of a settlement. "I may tell you that the governor has ordered no books to be destroyed anywhere until further orders," that is "telegrams." "I have got no confidence at all in him, and the only trust I can put in him is in the fact of the ludicrous vanity in which I have now to play. Our position is simply this. If Baxter ays, 'You are all right, provided Forbes does not get married,' hen we tell Batty to go and consult and learn his lessons from a clever lan. If he says, 'Batty is right,' I leave it to Williams to decide hether or not we adopt the gardener scheme besides satisfying orbes." "Williams" there means Kurr. "If not, we must prepare the very worst, if I have not been able to send out my flick to Sheer-ess," that is, my letter to Colkett. "Don't detain Batty long, but pack off at once. If Baxter says we are right, then Sheerness goes to atty the first thing to-morrow. Baxter is my man"—Baxter is George Lewis. "Harwood has planned and schemed all his but he never planned and schemed as much in his hole life as he has done for the last three months"—"Harwood" is (self—I have schemed all my life, and never so much as in the last three nths before writing that letter "to get out of prison, but unfortunately thout success hitherto, for as fast as one thing has been squared a greater ficulty has turned up. Be sure you put Sheerness's letter in a sealed develope; I find I have none, and it is not good enough to give it open a 'screw'"—that is a warder—"Harwood will leave it with Batty; tract Batty to send it forthwith to Keetus"—that is Colkett—"I will with Elong to meet Moppy"—Elong was one of the warders, 0 is gone—"if Batty reports favourably I will write letter to Mrs. L., manage to let Sheerness have it before he leaves Birmingham"—is Newgate—"only I don't know the address. Be sure you read before you leave Harvey"—Harvey was my solicitor, Mr. Humphreys;

he also had two names—"and do not give Fathead any flicks for outside"—Fathead was a warder—"he is on duty to-night, and will call on you for flicks for me every half-hour, so be ready when he calls"—he was calling for letters every half-hour—"Elong is the only one in whom any faith is to be placed; he is the only one who knows of the Hatton haunt"—I don't know what that is; I have not forgotten what it means, but I don't know where it was; it was some place of meeting for the purpose of giving information, for the purpose of receiving letters—"A thought has just struck me about Hood"—I don't know who he was, ho was not a man that came to see me in Newgate, I believe it is Kurr—"he says that everything is so awfully dear in Dublin"—that is, in Paris—"and he forwards the amount of his bill, which is under 6l., and he has had 40; it shows that he takes us fur b——f——s not to know the value of Irish money"—that means French money—"he will get the diamonds and gang to Hookeyland"—that means, get the money and go to New York—"this I defy him to do unless he cracks Poole's drum, which. God forbid"—that is, unless he breaks open the place where the notes are kept, and takes them away. Having written that letter on the 20th, I still say I was sincere in the letter I wrote to my father within twenty-four hours.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. The language in that letter is not language that I have been in the habit of using with Kurr in conversation—all those terms, with the exception of my nickname and Kurr's, were settled after wo were taken into custody; it is perfectly obvious that they must have bean—flicks is an understood term, and so is "drum"—I never saw Druscovich until I saw him at Rotterdam, at the Tribunal de Correctionale—the proceedings there were conducted in French and in Dutch—I understand French thoroughly—Druscovich speaks French—Druscovich mentioned my name in the court there, and identified me as Benson—he said he had been present at certain proceedings at the Mansion House in London—I was at this time passing in the name of George Washington Morton—I denied that I was Benson—I heard Druscovich say that if I was examined certain marks would be found—there were very large scars—the jewellery was purchased at Benson's, on Ludgate Hill, on November 1st, I do not remember whether at my suggestion or at Kurr's—it was quite understood that it was for Mrs. Druscovich—20l. was paid for it, not 25l.—it was a gold necklet, and the medallion was a carbuncle set in gold, with a diamond in the centre—I only saw one telegram from Druscovich to Meiklejohn at Derby, and I do not know that any others were sent—Meiklejohn most decidedly conveyed to my mind that at the time Druscovich borrowed the money of William Kurr, he believed him to be the owner of racehorses; I am quite clear as to that.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. I had ceased to use sticks on the 17th October, 1876—I remained in the cab the whole time—it was some time in August, at half-past six in the evening—I am unable to fix the day—Kurr alighted from the cab, and I saw him speak to a man who passed from the horse's head to the back of the cab—his back was to me—it was only a momentary observation—upon the occasion of the tapping with an umbrella at the office window, I saw through the opaque glass—I might have been seen—I remained within the room—I have stated before, to Mr. Abrahams I think it was, that when Kurr left with 10l. he

took the Sport also—I have made five or sis statements, which have been reduced into writing—I have no feeling of revenge against any of the defendants—I am perfectly friendly towards the whole party—I consider the doom of a convict a terrible doom, and would not desire my worst enemy to undergo it—it was not from any motive of selfishness that I rave information to the Treasury; if I hud consulted my own feelings I should not be here—I did not first of all endeavour to induce the Crown to accept a plea of guilty to the misdemeanour, by tempting the Crown with the offer to give information as to other frauds—I offered a plea of guilty, and a return of the money to Madame de Goncourt, if they would withdraw the indictment for felony—there is a reference to my offer to give information as to other frauds in my letter, but that is the only one—it was some time in March—I suggested it, and was told it would not be accepted—I knew the Court could give me seven years only, and it was with a view to lessen that that I offered information—I suggested to my solicitor that I should get out on bail and not appear again—I did not say "escape"—that suggestion was made, perhaps, a fortnight before the 31st of March—I suggested that if allowed out on bail I would give information to the Treasury about the police—my sole object then was to get away from punishment—it is not my sole motive how—that was my motive in part; the other part is not made up of evenge—I hope to assist not only Kurr, but all.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. Rose Bank is a pleasant and pretty and tell furnished house, with all the appointments of a gentleman's house.—I took Mrs. Avis there as my housekeeper—I had a valet—at that time I as unable to walk at all, and was obliged to be carried about the house, ad taken to the seashore in a carriage—I had a coachman and a housemaid—I had my own carriage—my education has been good—I am an accomlished musician, as well as a performer and composer—I got into the 1st society in Shanklin in 1875—there was no suspicion at that time that ere was anything wrong about my history, my lameness preventing my ing into society much—Mr. Andrews is a colonial broker in the City of radon—it was through him I communicated with Scotland Yard, and ocured the visit of Inspector Ciarke—I know a person named Hall the letter from him to Scotland Yard was not written at my suggestion he is related to Mrs. Avis—I first heard of his letter on the night of 12th of April, 1875—that was the day Inspector Clarke made his first it to Shanklin—he referred to the fact of the letter being signed by all—I had seen Hall before that time—Clarke told me on the evening the first interview that his visit was an official one, and that his senses were paid at Scotland Yard—Mr. Andrews was staying at anklin at that date—he had come down on that day—he met Clarke 1 brought him to my house—I knew on that evening that Andrews 1 obtained Clarke's address from Scotland Yard—money matters were pending between Andrews and me at that time, they were completed lst April—the completion did not result in my having a bill of rews's in my possession—a letter of guarrantee for 3,000l. was deposited a the banker—I had a long talk with In Inspector Clarke in the Isle of ght, and mentioned a railway accident as the cause of my lameness—mming speculation was contemplated at that time, but much later on was contemplated in Wales, but not carried out—I do not recollect tromng that to Clarke—I did not say at the police-court "Shore had

told me before this case that Clarke was the means of obtaining a publican's licence for Walters, and received from him a sum of 100l."—I said that Walters told me so—I never spoke to Shore in my life it is evidently a mistake—Shore's name was mentioned in the conversation, but not in connection with the 100l. or with a publican's licence—Wood was in the habit of visiting Walters in prison, and who tried to tamper with a witness—it was brought to my knowledge that night that Hill, a barman, was accused of tampering with witnesses, but I did not know it at the time, nor who Wood was, or that he was a friend of Walters, assisting him in the turf frauds—he was acting as errand boy to Walters, that would be the better way of putting it—I had never seen Walters—a man named Mitchell was also acting in the same capacity as Wood, trying to corrupt the witnesses, but he had nothing to do with the Walters and Murray frauds to my knowledge—he is the person against whom I warned Clarke in a letter—Clarke gave me no information that night save what I have related—he asked me about my knowledge of Kurr that night or next morning—I did not choose to tell him exactly what I knew; but made up something to deceive him—I told him that Kurr was an innocent man, and I gave him the names of some persons who have been mentioned as having been bribed—one name was mentioned; I will not swear to more than one—I told him that some members of the police force had received bribes—I said at the police-court, "I told him I had likewise been told that many members of the force had received a consideration," and I remember giving him the names of one or two—I also said "I gave him names, though in two instances the names were false"—those were the only two I gave—I mentioned Inspector Bailey of the City police, and two names at Scotland Yard—in both those instances the statements that they had received bribes were false, but the names were the names of real persons at Scotland Yard—that was in order to deceive Clarke—I proposed to return Clarke's letters when he declined to write—it appeared to me that he distrusted me, and I made the offer to return his letters in order to induce his confidence—on 12th April I obtained information through Kurr with regard to Murray and Walters, and wrote to Clarke on 12th August, 1875, warning him against them—at the end of 1874 a man named Trevelli was associated with Walters in a betting fraud—in 1875 I gave Inspector Clarke information with regard to Trevelli, which information I got from Kurr—I do not know whether it was true—to the best of my recollection it was with reference to a betting office or swindle to be opened at Croydon by Trevelli—it afterwards came to my knowledge that Clarke had acted upon the information I gave, and had sent to Croydon—from April to September, 1875, I was living in the Isle of Wight in good style, and was accepted by the gentlemen there as their associate and equal—I was the proprietor of a newspaper in the Isle of Wight in 1875—I purchased the copyright in September, although I had been proprietor actually since February—in April, when Clarke came to see me from Scotland Yard, I was actually in command and control of that paper—to the best of my recollection no mention was made in it of Clarke's visit, but in the natural course of things his name would be entered in the hotel books, and published in the newspaper, but I do not remember it—I formed the acquaintance of Captain Harvey at the Isle of Wight in 1875, but there was no friendship between us—in September I learned that he was making inquiries relative to my antecedents—Mr.

Nicholls, a private inquiry agent, was employed by him—I told him that I was employed as agent for the French Government, and that secret service money might pass through his hands—I did not tell him that personally I could make the money pass through his hands—I mentioned a large sum, I forget whether it was 200,000l. a year—I said that I was indirectly an agent for the French Government—I also represented to Mr. Nicholls that I was receiving, directly, information from the great chief, that is Colonel Henderson, of Scotland Yard—that was not true—I was deceiving Mr. Nicholls while I was employing him—at the same time I was keeping up, by my newspaper and with my house, a neat appearance amongst the people of Shanklin—I also represented to Mr. Nicholls that I was in communication with the Empress of Austria, who was then staying in Norfolk; and told him that there was a possibility, through my means of introduction, of her honouring Shanklin with a visit, but not of honouring Rose Bank—I intended visiting the Empress, and I believe I did say so, because it was my intention—from 12th April to the end of 1875 I was in the habit of conducting my own correspondence—before going to the Isle of "Wight, Mrs. Avis had never been employed by me to write or copy any letters; but on the 13th of April I asked her to copy for me the draft of the first letter which I wrote to Inspector Clarke, and she continued to copy letters for me until she left on the 5th My, 1875—after that I wrote in my own hand—after July I had no housekeeper in my service, but I had a cook—the establishment at Rose Bank then consisted of the cook, the housemaid, the coachman, and Piquot—this letter, dated Sept. 15, was written by me to Clarke—the Trevelli mentioned in it is the person to whom I have referred—I do not know where he is; he was sentenced, I believe, to five years' penal servitude. This letter was dated September 15th, 1875, and signed T. H. Y. It stated '—Your letter, which I return enclosed, and mine must have crossed, &c. I have written for particulars concerning Trevelli, and as soon as I receive them I will communicate them to you, &c. I daresay in the course of a couple of days I shall be able to give you some valuable news.") From the date of that letter I had not constantly represented to Clarke that I could obtain information for him about the persons implicated in these frauds, and any point which he wanted elucidated I would endeavour to clear up—that was honest so far as concerned the turf frauds—I was honestly representing to Clarke that I was getting information for him, and I was getting it from Kurr—Palmer was not one of the two names mentioned at Scotland Yard as having been bribed—I am sure of that—I remember two out of these three letters from Inspector Clarke in September, 1875—the one I do not remember is dated 28.9.75—it is in Clarke's writing, and has the Shanklin post-mark (Read: " Sept. 14, 1875, from George Clarke, of 20, Gt. College Street, Westminster. Dear Sir,—Many thanks for your note of the 9th. I find that Trevelli is now sending out betting circulars from No. 12, Dairy Terrace, Croydon; but the man I sent made a mistake. Trevelli appears to be hard up. The speculation, whatever it may, does not seem to be a very paying one. I should be glad to have a line from you at your leisure."—"September 22, 1858. To G. H. Young. Dear Sir,—Yours to hand. I thank you for the address of Trevelli, although at present it is of no use to me. I had no purpose in seeing you on Monday—Yours truly, G. Clarke." "28 Sept., 1875. From G. Clarke. Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of

26th, I shall be glad to receive any information you can give, but I cannot undertake to let you know how I intend to use it." Mrs. Avis left Rose Bank on 5th July, 1875, and went to live at 44, Cawley Road Victoria Park—Mr. Hall, her son-in-law, was living somewhere in the north of London, I believe—Mrs. Avis continued to live at Cawley Road till March, 1876—I was in communication with her every quarter—I made her an allowance down to the time I was taken in custody—when she left Cawley Road she went to live in Leaconfield Road, somewhere in the north—I never saw her there—I saw her once in London, I believe it was in February at Bentinck Street, Cavendish Square—I have seen her once since then, in Newgate—when I first went to live with her her husband was living—I went simply to be taken care of, as I was very ill from the effect of the burning in Newgate—my friends made her an allowance of 2l. a week for taking charge of me—that continued for some time—the address was Paradise Terrace, Dalston—her husband died at the end of 1874—I did not give her any wages at Rose Bank, but have since made her an allowance of 40l. a year—I did not see Mrs. Hall at any time during 1876—when I was in Newgate a man whom I knew by the name of Harrison called upon me—I believe his name was Izard, but am not sure—I only knew him by the name of Harrison—he lived at Dalston, either the "Waterloo Road or the Wellington Road, I am not sure which—Mrs. Avis came to see me in Newgate three or four times—Mr. George Lewis was my father's solicitor—he declined to take up the case for my defence upon the previous prosecution.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I asked Mr. George Lewis to act for me on Saturday, 13th February, when I saw him at the police-court, at first he said he would see mo on the subject, but afterwards he refused—he was defending Kurr then—the telegram sent by Mr. Froggatt on 4th Dec. was not received by me until after the receipt of the second telegram of Dec. 14, which was "From Mr. Froggatt, 6, Argyle Street. Poodle instructs mo to defend the others, shall I defend you?" It was upon that both telegrams were given me—I know nothing of Froggatt at that time—I had seen his name as a solicitor practising in this Court, in the newspapers, but he was an utter stranger to me—he employed a Dutch advocate named Arras to appear for me upon the question as to whether I should be sent out of the country or not—I only saw Mr. Froggatt once at Rotterdam—the Dutch advocate appeared for me—on Jan. 12th I came from Rotterdam to London—about the end of January Mr. Froggatt declined to act, so I placed my case and Kurr's in the hands of Messrs Humphreys and Son—I simply consulted thorn about my case—I saw them or their clerk constantly—I went from the House of Detention to Newgate on 10th February—sometime in March I made a suggestion that I was willing to give back the money and to be lot out on bail—someone went to Franco for me from Messrs. Humphreys and Son—when I first came over I wished to return the whole 10,000l. to Madame de Goncourt—I was willing to hand over to her the Scotch notes—I hoped then that the proseeutrix would not come at all—I thought there would be no prosecution if the money was returned—I said at the police-court "During; my communication with Mr. Froggatt I had no idea of inducing him to act as an accessory to any crime that I committed"—he told me that with regard to the 100l. he had received that money in advance for his costs, as payment—I was of opinion that ho was trying to perform his duty

to me properly and faithfully as a solicitor—the words I used before the magistrate were "Mr. Froggatt said the note was given to him simply in payment"—I believe the date of the conversation with Flintoff was 17th January; at was a Wednesday, I think—on Thursday, 8th February, Froggatt said that he had taken out a summons against Flintoff—I am positive it was either the 7th or 8th February—at that time Mr. Froggatt told me that Mr. Flintoff had stated at the trial that he, Froggatt, had offered him 50l. not to identify Kurr—he appeared extremely indignant and angry, and said that he had taken out a summons for perjury against Flintoff—I have said I did not attempt to influence Mr. Froggatt to bribe any one, he made no suggestion to me"—it was on 15th January that he said that Kurr would not trust him—the first time the name of Flintoff was mentioned was either 15th or 17th January.

Re-examined. When Froggatt told me that he had taken out a summons against Flintoff, I was in one of the rooms reserved for interviews between solicitors and prisoners at the House of Detention—I was first taken there on 13th January—Stenning was tried at this Court about the 6th or 7th; Flintoff gave evidence—it was perhaps a day after I had heard that the trial had taken place that Froggatt told me that he had taken out a summons against Flintoff—I had never seen Froggatt before he came to Rotterdam—I knew there was such a gentleman—it was at Rotterdam he told me he had got 100l. in Clydesdale notes in payment—he did not say for what, or who had given it him—he did not tell me anything more than that—I asked him how the case was proceeding with Hurray, who was in custody, and he told me Murray had appeared at the police-court on the previous Saturday, when Mr. Poland had made some remark about that 100l. note, and then Froggatt told me that he had got this note in payment—there were two people in the room—I did not choose to go into particulars, so made no further inquiry on the subject, either then or subsequently—I asked my solicitor whether, if I gave the information that was required, I might be admitted to bail—I do not know that there was the understanding that we should not surrender, but in point of fact we should not have surrendered—it was either at the end of February, or the beginning of March, that this conversation took place—our solicitor told us it was absurd—it was from something Kurr had told me that I surmised that the Treasury required information respecting the police—I never heard it definitely—it was afterwards suggested that if we might only be tried for the misdemeanour, obtaining the money by false pretences, we would plead guilty and restore the money—Mr. Williams asked me this: "I demand to know whether you do not expect your term of imprisonment to be shortened by giving this evidence; "I replied "I expect nothing, but I have hopes, and I submit, Mr. Williams, that that is a matter concerning me alone; I have had no intimation to encourage any expectations of this kind, but I hope for more mercy than I am likely to get from you"—I had no intimation, inducement, or allurement of any kind, at that time or since, to encourage any expectations—I lived with Mrs. Avis about nineteen months before I went to Shanklin—her husband was then ahve—he died on 22nd December, 1874—I did not go to Shanklin till 16th January—Mrs. Avis is about sixty, I should think—she has a son-in-law named Hall—she has several children; one of them, a son, was at school for about two years at my expense—I made her the allowance

because she was exceedingly kind to me, and for no other reason whatever—there has been no improper conduct between myself and Mrs. Avis; if such a thing is suggested, there is not the slightest foundation for it—I last saw her on 20th April in Newgate while the trial was pending—the last time I saw her while I was out of Newgate was in Bentinck Street to the best of my recollection—the reason I got her to copy the letters to Clarke was because I did not wish any of my writing to fall into Clarke's hands at the time those letters were written—the letters she wrote were written between 13th April and 5th July—I was last at Shanklin on 27th June, 1876—I was perfectly unaware that Mrs. Avis had kept copies of the letters I had given her, till the drafts were placed in my hands in the police-court—in June, 1876, I gave some instructions to Mr. Clarke, a schoolmaster in Shanklin, with reference to some of my papers—Mr. Clarke, the defendant, came down to Shanklin for the first time on 12th April, and then I had a conversation with him—in that conversation mention was made of Mr. Hall, Mrs. Avis's son-in-law—Inspector Clarke said that if I had not asked to see him, he would have come down just the same, for he had received a written communication, which he showed me, signed "Hall," to the effect that I could give information on the matter of the turf fraud—the names of the visitors who came to Shanklin were, as a general rule, published in the paper; they are sent by the hotel-keepers—I did not see Clarke's name there—I had a communication from the Empress of Austria—I was desirous that she should visit the island—she could not come—I received this letter from the Austrian Ambassador; it is in French, in English it reads: "Austrian and Hungarian Embassy in London. London, 3rd April, 1876. Sir,—In answer to the request sent by you, in the name of the inhabitants of Shauklin, to Her Majesty the Empress, dated 23rd March, I am authorised to inform you that Her Majesty, whilst exceedingly touched by the sentiments of respect and of sympathy for her august person which have inspired your request, has not been able to accept or to give her' patronage to what you ask.—Signed Beust." Nicholls was first employed by Captain Harvey, then by me—I paid him—while in the House of Detention and in Newgate letters passed between Kurr and myself, but never after we were convicted—I was under the impression that they had all been destroyed—they were nearly all written in a language intelligible only to ourselves—I was acquainted, before I went to Newgate, with a good many slang expressions—"the brief is out" means the warrant—the nicknames alluded to in the course of correspondence we fixed upon as we went along, when for the first time and in future we should call them by the nickname—I got letters conveyed to Kurr by bribing the warders—I used to leave communications sometimes for Kurr, sometimes with the solicitor, as solicitor's instructions—I first became acquainted with Coletso, I think, in October, 1874—I knew him as Dr. Colitzo—I did not know till after his arrest that he had another name, Gray—he was an American—the Bastrop Coal Mine did exist in Texas; but it was not so productive as was represented—Coletso was endeavouring to bring out the mine—Coletso was endeavouring to convert the American company into an English company—I got two bonds from Meiklejohn after the interview in June—I also had from him some blank cheques—Druscovich was present when I was tried for the offence against the Lord Mayor—he was not a witness

against me—he had not charge of the case—I never had him seen up to that time, to the best of my recollection—Druscovich put a stop to the Paris loan scheme, but he certainly was not aware that I and Kurr had anything to do with that—I knew that from a remark made by Meiklejohn on the night of 4th or 6th August, which I have given in evidence.

CHARLES BALE . I am convict, now undergoing tea years' penal servitude—I was convicted with Kurr and others in April last—I have known William Kurr for some years—about July last year I became his clerk—I was to receive 3l. a week as salary, and 1-16th, or two shares, in the profits of the business—one Sunday in July, on returning from Dover with Benson, we were met in Cannon Street station, about five o'clock, by William Kurr, who said he had an appointment to meet Meiklejohn there—we waited at the station some time till Meiklejohn arrived by train—I had seen Meiklejohn many times before at the Alexandra Palace, at a public-house in the York Road, and elsewhere, and on one or two other occasions—I saw him at Alexandra Park in company with W. Kurr, but am not sure whether it was race-day—Kurr and I and a man named Mumford were with Meiklejohn at the public-house in the york Road—at the time Meiklejohn met us at Cannon Street Benson used to walk with crutches—when Meiklejohn arrived we went into the Cannon Street Hotel, and I carried Benson upstairs—they dined together at the hotel, while I went on a message for Kurr—I was there when the party broke up, about ten—we all left together, and left Meiklejohn outside—about the end of August last I took the name of Charles Jackson, and took lodgings at 12, St. James's Place—I changed my name in connection with the De Goncourt frauds, at the request of Kurr and Benson—I also took lodgings in Duke Street, in the name of Thomas Ellerton, and at Agar Chambers, Agar Street, Strand—I remember the business carried on at 8, Northumberland Street, about September, by Frederick Kurr, William Kurr, Benson, and myself—I was there the first day the business was carried on—Frederick Kurr, William Kurr, and Benson were there also—I cannot be certain if William Kurr was there all day, but he was there the first thing in the morning—I was employed in copying letters and running messages—I took the letters left at the lodgings to Northumberland Street—Kurr and Benson opened them, I did not—I do not understand French—these (cheques produced) were filled up in my handwriting—they are on the Royal Bank of London—they are signed George Simpson, payable to the order of Jacob Francis and Charles Jackson—I endorsed the name of Thomas Ellerton on three of the drafts (produced), and changed them at Reinhardt's—I took the money to William Kurr and Benson—while at Northumberland Street I remember seeing Palmer, whom I had previously observed on one or two occasions in company with William Kurr—I remember seeing them in a public-house at Kennington Cross—I also have a faint recollection I saw Palmer with Kurr at the Oxford Arms, but I would not be certain when I saw him in Northumberland Street—he knocked at the window with a stick or an umbrella—I looked out, and said to Benson "It's Mr. Palmer"—William Kurr was not there at that time—Benson told me to go to the door and see Palme—I did so—he asked whether Kurr was in, and I replied that he was not—I said "Have you any message for him?"—Palmer answered "No"—that was all that passed—Kurr came to the

office again that night after Palmer had been there—on the night before I went to Scotland I went to Ellerton's, 11, Duke Street, and took the letters from there to William Kurr's house; Frederick Kurr was with me—I left William Kurr and Benson in the house together—about 11 or 11.30 William Kurr met me in Islington, and we went to Benson's house, 120, Newington Green Road—William Kurr knocked at the door to speak to Benson, but it was not opened—I stood on the opposite side—William Kurr could not get admittance, or could not see Benson that night, and we left there next day—I, Benson, and William Kurr went to Scotland—I took the name of Elliott, and Frederick Kurr the name of Reynolds—we lodged at the Union Hotel, Glasgow—Benson stayed at McRae's Hotel, Bath Street, where we visited him—we remained at Glasgow about a week—Benson left first—we saw him off—I and Frederick Kurr went to Edinburgh and remained about four days—we left there for Scarborough—I did not go to Southampton at any time—we went from Scarborough to Hull, and returned to Edinburgh about the end of October or beginning of November—we remained in Edinburgh some time—I saw Benson there, but not William Kurr—I remember Benson leaving Edinburgh—a person named Broome left a box in my charge, which I sent off to London by train—after leaving Edinburgh Frederick Kurr and I went to Burntisland, and remained one night—I received a telegram there, in consequence of which we went to Leith, and ultimately to Manchester, when I received another telegram to meet William Kurr at Derby, followed by another telegram altering the appointment, to meet him at St. Albans—Frederick Kurr was still with me—I went to St. Albans and saw William Kurr—from St. Albans I went to Miss White's, 35, Southborough Road, South Hackney—I stayed there ten or twelve days—while there I saw William Kurr one night in the Kingsland Road, and made an appointment to meet him—from Miss White's I went to Rotterdam—I had a French directory at Miss White's—that is it (produced)—I got it from the boxes at Edinburgh—I had previously seen it at Benson's lodgings at Beresford Road, Stoke Newington—on going to Rotterdam I left the book at Miss White's—Frederick Kurr and I took private lodgings at Rotterdam—we received 15l. each from William Kurr before going to Rotterdam—we found Benson at the New Bath Hotel, in the name of George Washington Morton—Frederick Kurr took the name of Taylor and I that of Collins—we were arrested at Rotterdam on Dec 2nd—we had been there nearly a fortnight—Mr. Froggatt came to Rotterdam after we were arrested—I saw him in the house of arrest about ten days after we were arrested—he said he came over for something connected with the extradition treaty, that he was going to try and get us liberated out there—I received a telegram before he arrived—this (produced) is the English original (Telegram read: "From Mr. Froggatt, Argyle Street, London, to Collins, care of Prefect of Police, Rotterdam. Am instructed by Fuller to defend you, say nothing unless through me." (On a separate piece of paper pasted on the telegram was "Answer paid to Bale, care of Prefect of Police, Rotterdam.") After that Mr. Froggatt came—I told him I had given Mr. Williamson the address, 35, Southborough Road, where I and Collins lived, and that there was a book and some shirts left there—I am not certain if I told him what book it was—I told him it must be got away, and asked him to telegraph to Fuffer, meaning Kurr, to see that it

was got away—he said he would see that that was done—I used the term Puffer because there were other people in the room that used a little English—I told him I had said nothing to any of the police out there—he said "Do not say anything unless through me; I shall call again tomorrow and see you"—but in the meantime he was going to see what could be done out there about our being liberated on the extradition treaty warrant—while he was talking about Madame de Goncourt he rubbed his hands together—I saw Druscovich at Rotterdam—I had never seen him before—on the boat coming from Rotterdam Druscovich came into the cabin to me with three warrants, and asked if he should read them out to me—I said I would read them myself, which I did, and handed them to a detective who was in the cabin with me—he asked me if that was not Kurr's brother in the next cabin—I told him I should say nothing, he had better ask him—Frederick Kurr was in the next cabin—afterwards he asked me "I suppose you have heard William Kurr has been taken in London?"—I said "No; who took him, and where?"—he said "I can tell you nothing, because I have not left Rotterdam since I first arrived"—he asked me if I had taken the name of Charles Jackson, and I said, "Yes; for God's sake don't say anything about it," and he said he wouldn't, and we shook hands upon it—the name of Stenning was mentioned—he asked me if I knew a man of the name of Stenning—I said, "yes," and he said that Stenning was taken—I asked, "What has he done?" and he said he did not know—that I think is all that passed.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I was at the Northumberland Street office each day from half-past 9 or 10 to half-past 4 or 5—I was always there up to closing time—we were at Northumberland Street about a month—I never saw Meiklejohn there—I had seen him at Sandown in Kurr's company—when I have seen him or other police-officers at race meetings they have been attending to their business—I knew nothing at all of a letter supposed to be written by my father to Benson's father—I have no father—he died in 1871.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I have known Kurr some years, I think we went to school together—I am now 28—it was about fifteen years ago, I suppose—I have known him intimately four or five years—I knew he was racing—I knew about Archer and Co., but not about the Paris loan—I first made Benson's acquaintance about four years ago, through William Kurr, at Benson's house, in Cawley Road, Hackney—I was sent there with a note by Kurr—I was not in the habit of driving about in the gig with Kurr while the Northumberland Street office was open—one Sunday morning as we were driving to Epsom, Kurr pointed Druscovich out to me—I do not think I ever drove down Northumberland Avenue with Kurr in his gig—I will not be positive—we had to leave Glasgow rather in a hurry—there was something like 187l. in the bank, and we did not get that before we went away—after he was pointed out to me on the road to Epsom I never saw Druscovich until I saw him at Rotterdam—I did not know him then until I heard the other detectives mention his name—on the steamer I was very much distressed and crying in the cabin—that was about 12th January, after I wrote the letter to my wife—I was then deeply depressed at my position and to what I had brought those dear to me—Druscovich came and patted me on the shoulder, saying, "Be a man."

Cross-examined by MR. GEAIN. I cannot fix the date I first saw Palmer

—it was about the end of August we went to the office in Northumberland Street, and about 15th September Palmer tapped at the window—I could not be positive I saw him at the Oxford Arms—if so, it would be about 1875 I saw him in the public-house at Kennington Cross in 1875—I have known Street about eight years—I do not know that he was clever at imita-ting handwriting—I am not—I knew a man named Krampo only by seeing him in Kurr's company at the Oxford Arms—I never saw him in Street's company—I do not know what he is—I am quite certain William Kurr was not present when Palmer tapped at the window—Benson myself, and Frederick Kurr were there—there were two rooms—we were all in the front room—I did not see Benson go into the back room and give "William Kurr 10l., and William Kurr go out—I did see William Kurr come back shortly afterwards, but I do not know what communica-tion he made to Benson.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. The superintendent of police and his assistant, and another person, were in the room when Mr. Froggatt spoke to me at Rotterdam—I left shirts and the book at Southborough Road—Fuffer was to get someone to take them away.

Cross-examined by MR. BOWEN. My connection with Archer and Co. was running about from one place to another for Kurr—all that I knew about the Dover scheme was that they were advertising something and they would not tell me—I was fetching letters at Dover—my connection with each was simply fetching letters, running messages, and copying letters—the endorsements of Thomas Ellerton on the Royal Bank of London cheques were not imitations; they were all in my own regular handwriting—there was no such person as Thomas Ellerton.

Thursday, November 1st, 1877.

FREDERICK KURR . I am now undergoing a sentence of 10 years' penal servitude in Newgate—I was tried and convicted in April last with Benson, William Kurr, and Bale, on a charge of forgery, with intent to defraud Madame de Groncourt—I am the younger brother of William Kurr—I have passed by other names than my own, by the names of Collings, Reynolds, Chapman, and Montgomery—I have also passed as secretary to Jacob Francis; and I likewise remember opening a banking account under the latter name—I was in Glasgow in the year 1875—I took an office there as a money lender—the business was carried on under the names of Prendergast, McFarlane, and Howard—I first became acquainted with Benson in July, 1876—I was introduced to him by William Kurr, at the Oxford Arms, and after the introduction we drove to Marquess Villa, where my brother lived—I used the name of Purbrook about April or May, 1876—that was in a sporting business, a fraud in connection with my brother—I received about 20l., in different sums, in connection with that business—I remember the name of Creswell of Daventry in connection with that matter—the business was carried on in Cumming Street, Pentonville—we issued advertisements in relation to that business—the money I have named was received in reply to those advertisements—I was introduced to Benson in 1876—I entered into employment with him and my brother—I was to have 2l. per week and one-sixteenth of two-thirds of the profits—I engaged rooms at 2, Cleveland Row, for Jacob Francis, and at 11, King Street, in the name of Andrew Montgomery—I took offices at S, Northumberland Street—I gave the name of Arthur Chapman—I think they were taken the last day of July or the

beginning of August—I think it was the last day of August—(agreement produced)—this is the agreement I signed for those offices—I saw Flintoff's wife the day before the agreement was signed—I do not think that I saw Flintoff himself—when we entered on the business I used to get the letters from Cleveland Row and King Street and give them either, or Benson—on the 31st August, the day I signed the agreement, I think, William Kurr was at 8, Northumberland Street—this business ent on until the latter end of September—it came to an-end on the 26th September—I went to Glasgow on that day with Benson and Bale—we left the office in the afternoon, and went down to Glasgow by the night mail—Benson went to the Bath Hotel—Bale and I went to White's Union Hotel—I opened an account at the bank—Benson gave me 20l. in cash and Scotch notes, which I paid in, together with a cheque—whilst in Scotland we received telegrams from time to time—our movements were directed by those telegrams—from Glasgow Bale and I went to Edinburgh—Benson left Glasgow before us—we stayed in Edinburgh two or three days—when I was in Edinburgh at that time, I did not see any of the prisoners—we then went to Scarborough, and thence to Manchester—Bale was with me all the time—I went to St. Albans, and went back to Edinburgh in November—Bale was with me—I saw Meiklejohn when there, and my brother was with him—I heard no conversation between them—I had seen Meiklejohn once in London—I went to Burntisland with Bale, and then returned to London—we went to Miss White's, 35, Southborough Road, and from there we went to Rottercdam—Kurr gave ach of us 15l.—we left behind us at Southborough Road a French Directory and a letter I had written addressed to Sawyer, who was an imaginary person—it was a Directory similar to this (produced) that we left behind us—I had seen Palmer once before I wont to Rotterdam—it was some time ago—I saw him at the Oxford Arms—I cannot say about when—I should think it would be about a couple of years ago—it might be more than that—he was not in company with anybody at the time—he was drinking at the bar—I had not seen Druscovich or Froggatt—when I got to Rotterdam I saw Benson—that was before I was taken into custody—it was a little over a week we were there before we were taken—I saw Mr. Froggatt at Rotterdam—before I saw him I had received a telegram—I was then going by the name of Collings—this is the telegram: "Froggatt, Argyle Street, London, to Collings, care of Prefect of Police, Rotterdam. Am instructed by Fuffer to defend you. Say nothing unless through me.—Dec. 12." That is the same telegram—I do not remember the data I first saw Froggatt—I merely remember the circumstance—I think he referred to the telegram he had sent, and he said that my brother had instructed him to defend me—he told me to say nothing unless through him—I asked him whether I had better use my own name or the name that I had been going by—he said I had better use the name of Collings still—I spoke to him about Bale having given the Southborough Road address where the Directory was, and I told him he had better see about getting it away—he took the address down, and said he would see to it—I spoke to him about Murray's arrest, and said it was a bad business—I also spoke about Savory, and said I was surprised that he had behaved as he had, because my brother had such confidence in him—Mr. Froggatt said my brother ought to have left that to him—I don't think I said what Savory had done, but it was

understood—I asked what sort of chance we had of getting out of the mess—he said we had got a very good chance, adding "There's a little mole at work under the ground; you understand what I mean, but I cannot explain it"—I spoke to him about the money he had sent out—he had sent over 10l. for food—on the passage from Rotterdam I saw Druscovich—I had seen him before at Rotterdam, but had not conversed with him—I had a conversation with him on board the boat in a small cabin—there was another officer in charge of me—Druscovich had been in several times before—he sent the officer out or the officer went out—Rose was the officer's name—I heard him speak to that officer before he went out—Druscovich said to me "I have done all I can do for you; you must look after yourselves now"—no one else was present when he said that—he told mo about my brother's arrest in London, of which I knew nothing at the time—when he said he had done all he could for us, I said yes, I did not suppose he could do anything more now—I told him it was owing to Benson that we were arrested; or that it was Benson's fault—I asked Druscovich if he had been at Rotterdam all the time—he said yes; that he had been sent away from London purposely, because they would not trust him—Rose then returned into the cabin and Druscovich left—I have seen Meiklejohn with my brother at a public-house in Chandos Street—Stewart is the name of the person who keeps the house—that was at the latter end of July, 1876.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I saw my brother at a public-house with Meiklejohn in July, 1876—that was not the first time by a good many that I have seen my brother in a public-house talking to different persons—I used to go to Northumberland Street about ten o'clock in the morning, and leave with the others at four or five o'clock in the afternoon—I was there the whole time, till the 26th of September—during the whole of that time I never saw Meiklejohn there.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I am 25 years of age, my brother William must be 27—I had heard of Benson as Yonge, but knew little about him—Bale I have known two or three years, and Street about the same time—I had to do with the Paris Loan—I do not know that Druscovich stopped it—the French Government did it, I believe—I do not know that he prevented letters being forwarded from Dover to London—the first time I saw Druscovich was at the House of Arrest, Rotterdam Mr. Superintendent Williamson was also at Rotterdam—five other officers afterwards came out to take us over—amongst them were Rose, Bright, and Morgan, as I understood—I remember leaving Glasgow twice in a hurry—the first time was in October, and the second in November—on the second occasion I left 200l. in the Clydesdale Bank, in the name of Reynolds—that was because we had a telegram telling us not to go to the bank—I went to Brydone's the printer, at Edinburgh, several times—I tried to get the Racing News printed by him in the month of November thai would be for a similar fraud, and as a substitute for the Sport—that must have been somewhere about the 10th of November—I left Edinburgh suddenly while making arrangements for the Racing News—the steamer in which I came over from Rotterdam ran to Harwich—I don't think the passage was a rough one—I believe one or two of the officers were sick Rose, the officer, who went out of the cabin, was not unwell; at least he said so, he did not look so—I was confined in a small cabin all the time and could not leave it—I did not hear the conversation between Drusco

rich and Benson—he wag in another cabin—I think I said before the magiftrate that Druscovich said he had been sent away from London, because they would not trust him, or words to that effect—the steamer left Rotterdam about 3 p.m., and was due at Harwich at 2 a.m.—I think it was about midway that I had the conversation with Druscovich. name of Parry—a telegram came in that name, I think at Burntisland—I believe that name was used by me on that occasion, but I won't be certain of it-Harry Street accompanied me to Brydone's on one or two occasions—he and I had not been to school together; my brother had known him some time, I had not known him very long, 7 or 8 years I think—I bad no connection with any frauds before the De Goncourt fraud, and the one in 1875—Street was not in that—I don't think Street's handwriting is particularly like my brother's, M. Chabot thought it was—I believe street banked at the same bank us my brother, the Holborn branch of the Union Bunk.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. I am not quite certain about my brother having been at Northumberland Street the morning the agreement was signed, but I believe he was. I am almost certain—it was signed early, about 9 o'clock I think—the business in Cumming Street lasted a very short time; I took a furnished room there and paid the rent—I don't know exactly how long I was there—I never occupied the room, only called for letters—I forget the landlady's name—I don't know that she returned a number of my letters to the Post Office, very likely she did—I was told by my brother not to go there any more—I don't know what became of the letters—I don't think I took the name of Parbrook—I think I remember the name of Cresswell among others, and some email amount, I don't recollect what.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLETS. Mr. Froggatt sent over the 10l. for our food in prison—we were very badly fed indeed, they gave us black bread—I telegraphed for the 10l. to get better food—I could not live on the food they gave us—the governor had the money and supplied us with different articles—I don't think I said anything before the magistrate about Southboro Road and the directory—I have only had two interviews with Mr. Pollard—on the first occasion, when I made a statement, Mr. Froggatt's name was not mentioned—the Solicitor to the Treasury came to me in the prison.

Re-examined by the Attorney General I remember Benson going to the Bridge of Allan early in November—I and Bale afterwards went to Edinburgh—Street was there—I knew at that time that Benson was at the Bridge of Allan—I went there to see him between the 3rd and 10th November, and then returned to Edinburgh—while I was in Edinburgh I saw Brydone and made arrangements about the newspaper, for a new fraud—I don't remember a telegram being sent to the Bridge of Allan in the name of Parry—this telegram (produced) was sent by Street; I with him when he wrote the draft of it; that was in the name of Parry; it is dated 9th Nov. to Yonge, Queen's Hotel, Bridge of Allan—before seeing Mr. Froggatt at Rotterdam I only knew him by reputation as a solicitor—I did not know him personally.

EDWIN MURRAY . I am now undergoing a sentence of 18 months' imprisonment with hard labour in Coldbath-fields Prison—I was tried with William Kurr, Benson, Frederick Kurr, and Bale, in April last—

they were convicted of forgery, and I was convicted of being an accessory after the fact—I have known William Kurr for some time—I was con. nected with Kurr in an agency carried on in Edinburgh, known as Philip Gardner and Co.—I had the management of the affair, which was termed a betting agency, but it really was a swindle—we had a clerk named Eustace, who was taken into custody—we left before he was taken into custody, and did not again carry on the business—I know all the defendants by sight—the police-officers I have known fora number of years; but the first time I saw Froggatt was about the 17th of Nov. last—I have known Meiklejohn by sight, I should say, for about seven years, and I have met him occasionally at race meetings as an officer, and had a glass with him—I have seen him in company with Kurr—once when Kurr was in my compauy we met Meiklejohn, and we had a glass together at the Angel, Islington—that is all—I knew a man named Walters—I remember an agency being carried on under the name of Sidney Clarke and Co., in 1874, which was another turf swindle—I took part in that swindle along with Walters—Kurr did not—in February, 1875, Walters and myself were arrested for assaulting a Mr. Berkley, but we were discharged—we were afterwards arrested, however, for fraud, the Society for Insurance against Losses on the Turf—I had nothing to do with that fraud—I was taken into custody by Inspectors Clarke and Shore—Inspector Clarke was active in my arrest—Walters and myself were bailed, but we absconded and sailed to America—I stayed in that country until December of the same year, when I came back to England, and went to lire at a house at Leytonstone, under the name of Munroe—I had taken the house before I went to America—Walters remained in America—until November, 1876, I had nothing whatever to do with the De Goncourt fraud—in that month, in consequence of a telegram which I had received from him, I proceeded to the house of Wm. Kurr—I saw Kurr, and he gave me two cheques, drawn in favour of Carsons, the one for 3,000l. signed Yonge, and the other for 500l. signed Gifford; and at his request I went to Scotland for the purpose of trying to get those sums out of the bank at Alloa—for this service I was to receive 500l.—I presented the cheques, but was arrested as I was leaving the bank—subsequently I was released—the cheques were detained at the bank—on returning to London next morning I met Kurr, and he gave me some notes to go and get changed for him in the City—he handed me three 100l. Clydesdale notes, and I got them changed and gave him the money—they were changed at Kulb's and also at Burt's—I received 99l. 13s. 4d. for each 100l. Clydesdale notes, and Igot themchanged and gave him the money ook to Messrs. Venables—Mr. Venables detained them until I could give a satisfactory account as to how I had obtained them—in the course of the evening I saw Kurr, and having had a conversation with him, I went to Froggatt either the next day or the day after that—I saw him at his office in Argyll Place—I had never met him before—I did not, when I called, send up any name, but I was shown into the office, and there I gave the name of H. Wells—I told Mr. Froggatt that I had called upon him to solicit his assistance to recover some notes which had been detained in the City whilst I was attempting to change them——he asked me the reason of the detention, and I told him they said that certain notes similar to those which I had presented for exchange were supposed to be in the possession of parties who had committed a fraud

upon a French lady—Mr. Froggatt asked me where I had got the notes, and I said that I had received them from a gentleman in Edinburgh, and that I had not given that explanation at Venables', because I had been requested by the party who had sent me not to do so—Mr. Froggatt said "Well, I think they are easy enough to get; I will take out a summons, and you will have to appear at the Mansion House"—he said they would have to show reason why they detained them, and I should not have to give an explanation—I told him that that would not do, and that I could not possibly appear at the Mansion House; I had an objection—he asked me "Why not?" and I replied "I have my particular reasons—he said "Tell me; you know I am straight enough," so after a minute or so I told him that I had presented two cheques in Scotland two days before, that there had been a row in the papers over it, and that my description had been given—he said "Then I suppose they are the notes," and I answered "Yes, they are"—Froggatt remarked "What a singular thing that you should come to me for assistance to recover them, when I have been speaking to an officer in the City about the case this morning"—he was referring to the De Goncourt case when he made the remark "They are the notes"—Mr. Abrahams had shown me an advertisement in the Times in Mr. Venables' office about the notes—Froggatt next said "Why didn't you come to me? I would have changed them for you;" and I replied "I did not know you; but if you are willing to change them you can have the job now"—he said he "would write to some friends of his in Paris, and that they would be over in a day or two, and then we could have a conversation about the matter—he asked me how many notes I had—I said I thought I could produce 10,000l. worth—he said that we could have an interview on the Monday following—this was on the Friday—I told him that I had presented those cheques in Scotland in the name of "Munroe"—he said "Who are you then?"—I said "My name is Murray"—he said "Are you Murray who "was connected with that matter in the City with Walters two years ago?" as Walters was an old client of his—I said I was the same person—he then said that being the case, they might be watching his office, if he called at venables', knowing he was acting for me, I had better not come to his office again, but meet him at the Scotch Stores in Oxford Street, for which place a standing appointment for eleven o'clock each morning was made—I showed him a copy of a letter which I said was enclosed with the notes—after the conversation with him he said "I suppose this is in your handwriting?"—I said "Yes"—he said "It will not do to produce this in recovering the notes"—I said "I can get it written in some other hand"—he said "It will have to be done"—I met him next day at eleven o'clock at the Scotch Stores—I went there alone—he said that he had written the previous night to his friends in Paris, and he felt confident that we could have an interview on the Monday—I saw him again next afternoon—he said "I have called at Venables', and they have refused to deliver the notes," but he added that he had a plan in his head—I asked him to explain it to me, and as "usual with his legal explanation, I could not possibly understand it—he asked me if I would sign two 100l. Bank of England notes, which he had just drawn out of his bank, and then he could get the two 100. Clydes's notes from Venables—I endorsed the notes, "H. Wells, Dante Road," in the same way as I had endorsed the two notes I had left with

Venables—another arrangement was made for Monday, and on that day at eleven o'clock, I again found my way to the Scotch Stores, when' told me that his friends were in London, and that we could have an interview—in consequence of that we went to some house—I don't know the name of the street, but it is two or three turnings on the right hand side down Oxford Street, from Argyll Street, going from Oxford Circus, somewhere near Soho—Froggatt was with me, and introduced me to two gentlemen; one of them spoke to me—Mr. said "This is the party that comes from Paris. Now, transact your own business"—I had a conversation then with these gentlemen—Eromatt remained with us the whole time—he was sitting next to me, much nearer to me than the person I was speaking to—the conversation was in English—Froggatt said "This is the gentleman who has the notes" and he told me, "This is the gentleman who will buy them. Now arrrnge your terms"—the person who spoke to me was a foreigner—the other was also a foreigner, I believe, by his accent, but he spoke English very fluently—I asked the gentleman who spoke to me if he was prepared to make an offer—I told him there were 10,000l. worth of 100l. notes; that there were no means of identification; no numbers were taken of them; and that it only required somebody of position to pay them through the bank, and there would be no more bother about getting the money for them—the party said "Well, I am not buying and selling too. I leave it to you; and let me know what you will let me have them for"—I told him that if he would hand mo over 9,500l. he couldhave them, but I must have the money in French notes or English gold—he ridiculed the idea of changing 10,0007. for 500l., and said that the least that they would undertake it for would be 15 per cent., 1,500l. out of the 10,000l.—I told him that as the notes did not belong to me, I was not prepared to meet his offer, but if he would allow me an hour or two I would meet the parties to whom they belonged, and then give him an answer. We were to meet again at two or three o'clock in the same afternoon at Pamphilion's Restaurant in Argyll Street—I went there at the time appointed, after having seen William Kurr—I found Froggatt there. We went back together to this house I had formerly visited, where the two gentlemen from France were—Froggatt went with me—on the first occasion we had gone to a bedroom—the second time we went into the front parlour—I found the same two men there, and had a conversation with them—Froggatt was present at the time. I made them an offer, and told them I was not prepared to aocept their terms of 15 per cent., but they could have the notes for 10 per cent., which would be 1,000l. out of 10,000l.—the party who had conversed with me before said that as the notes were those Scotch notes, being such peculiar notes, he could not take them for less than 15 per cent.; if they had been English notes he would have transacted business—I told him I had someEnglish notes, but I wanted to get rid of the Scotch notes first; and if he would transact business with the Scotch ones he could have the English ones afterwards—we did not come to terms—then we left the house, and I said we would adjourn to Pamphilion's and have a bottle of wine. All four of us went to Pamphilion's—on our way there Froggatt said he thought 15 per cent, was not much to cut up amongst three—I told him I thought 10 per cent., which would be 1,000l., was not so bad; and that, according to his ruling, if he

were to introduce fifty people we should have to pay them proportionately, so as to have equal shares—he said, "Well, we have heard a lot about these notes, but we have not seen anything of them. Have you got one about you?" I said "No." He said "'I will buy one of them of you. I will give you 90l. for one"—I told him I could get one—we then went to Pamphilion's—I paid for some wine and left them there—I went to William Kurr, whom I found at the Mitre, Kingsgate Street, Holborn, and got a 100l. Scotch note—I went back with it to Pamphilloii's, to the private bar—I showed the note to Froggatt; he looked at it—I think we went into one of the dining-rooms or sitting-rooms—after looking at the note he said, "All right," and began' counting out some money—I did not put any name on that—he' handed me 80l. in Bank of England notes—I told him that that was not the agreement; that 90l. was what I offered to sell it for—he said that he required 10l. for expenses in conducting my matter in the City. I told him I did not see that he had moved in the matter at all, but that I was willing he should retain 5l.—it was some thing to have in hand, I thought he wanted—he gave me another: 5l., which made 85l., and 5l. he gave me credit for would be 90l. We had another bottle of wine on that transaction, and then we parted—a great deal more passed with reference to his conduct to me, and I left him with disgust—I think he said that he would give me in charg, but I had one of those notes which I held over him—I saw Kurr next morning, and I think I gave him 80l.—some time after that I called at Froggatt's office—I had shaved my whiskers and beard off—it was Wednesday, the 22nd, I think, but I have had quite sufficient to drive it out of my mind since then—Froggatt did not recognise me at first, but when I spoke he started and laughed—I asked him if" he could give me any information' respecting an umbrella and something else which I had lost-when in his." company, and if he had moved in the City matter—he said that it was going on all rig-lit, I had better have taken the offer, and had better see. them again—I said it was of no use, as we refused to give 15 percent.—I asked him what he had done with the note he had from me—he said "Paid it into my bank"—I told him that that was not a very clever. tiling to do—he said, "I don't care, there were no numbers taken of them"—I went then to see William Kurr, and had a conversation with' him, in consequence of which I went to Mr. Savory on 25th November,—at 19, Ledbury Road, Bayswater—I had a conversation with him about changing the notes, and made an appointment to meet him on 27th Nov. at St. Martin's Church—I went there with a Scotch note—Savory lifted His hat, and two police-constables, Robson and Littlechild, arrested me, and took me to a place where Clarke was waiting—I suppose he thought that if I saw him I would not keep the appointment—he charged me with defrauding a lady—I was taken to Marlborough Street and remanded to the following Thursday—Froggatt then appeared for m—he visited me on the Tuesday in the House of Detention—I had sent for him on the Monday—he said, "A nice mess you have got yourself into, trusting to a fellow like Savory, you had better by half have taken our 15 per cent., will you let me have them now? I will get you the money for them"—I told him it was ridiculous to make such a proposition, the first thing I wanted was to get out of my trouble, and we could talk about other business afterwards—he told me he should require

some money; I said I would see about that, I understood from Stenning that 5l. was given to him before he appeared for me at the police-court—Froggatt said he had received the money, which made 11l. altogether—he appeared for me but did not get me out of my trouble, and from time to time I was remanded—I was identified as the man who had absconded from bail—I received 500l. from Kurr which I had agreed for—I was kept in the House of Detention until I was committed for trial—excepting what I have told you, Froggatt had done nothing for which he could fairly charge—he called in the City once that was all he ever did for me—when I gave him the Clydesdale note it was not agreed that that 100l. note should be given to him for his costs and expenses.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I was charged in the other Court as a principal in this forgery, and convicted as an accessory after the fact—I knew nothing about the De Goncourt fraud—I knew this money had been obtained by fraud, but I thought it was the usual way he used to get money—I was ignorant of what the fraud was, though I believed the money came from the French lady, but did not know it was obtained by forgery—you defended me, and I had great trouble in making you believe that I had no idea of the kind—I know that my character is sufficient to convict me—I do not wish anybody to suppose I am trying to justify my acts, but I had no idea of the use of these cheques—I remember seeing Meiklejohn in 1871, at the Angel, Islington, when I was in company with Kurr—he came round the corner and spoke to us—he thought I was a legitimate bookmaker in Edinburgh, and said he would introduce a person named Davis, who would be useful to me—I don't think he would have proposed that if he had not thought us legitimate bookmakers; by legitimate bookmakers I mean persons who, to evade the Betting Act, transacting their business in Scotland in a legal way—Davis had left his situation in Edinburgh, and he thought we could give him a situation in our office.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I went at Kurr's instigation to see Flintoff and gave him a sovereign—that was within a day or two of 24th November—I am sure it was after I had been to Scotland—I never saw the potman at the Northumberland Arms till he appeared in the witness box at the police-court—I first went to Scotland on the night of 13th November.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. Froggatt knew that these notes were obtained by fraud from the beginning—he was a perfect stranger to me when I first went to his office, he said that Walters was an old client of his, he had had some legal transactions with him—I showed him a letter when I went there; that was to deceive him at that time, most decidedly—our conversation in his office lasted an hour and a half or two hours—when I said that I would have it copied in another writing he said that it would have to be done, that it would not do to present it in that handwriting—what I said before the magistrate was the truth, but everything may not have occurred to my mind—when I was to meet the gentleman from France I did not look up at the street I was going to or else I should know it now—I think I could find it again—it was about 11.15—I went a second time in the afternoon, and again I did not look I have lived in London many years, but I have a very bad memory for streets—you can easily find the street, it is about three turnings down the

right-hand side—it does seem to me that I ought to have looted at the name—I left Froggatt in disgust after the second interview, not making any appointment—with him—I saw him again on, I think, the Wednesday, the day but one after—I was taken in custody on the 27th—my memory is very good for dates when such a thins as that occurs—I have, unfortunately, on two or three occasion made the acquaintance of the police—I do not think Froggatt's mind would compass my case—I do not think mv case puzzled your learned friend Mr. Williams, but I think he could not believe that I was not so guilty as I appeared to be—Froggatt did not seem to trouble himself about the case—I think he was busying himself about other matters, he could get nothing out of it—he appeared—for me before the magistrate, and instructed Mr. Williams and Mr. Grain to appear in my behalf at the police-court time after time—I was remanded 15 times, but a great number of the remands—were merely formal, to await the arrival of the other men from Holland—Froggatt appeared for me about six times—he knew something of the case before I was apprehended, or I should not have sent for him—I gave him several written instructions, and handed them to him in the House of Detention—I very likely told him, as counsel's instructions, that the note for which I was arrested was one of 500l. which I had received in payment of a bet—I gave him him a lot of instructions for him to use his professional ability to see which would get me out of the difficulty best—they were all false—if I had given him truthful instructions I might as well have pleaded guilty—I told him that Mr. Carson, of Liverpool, had bet me 500 to 5 on Footstep; it is a bit of amusement to write instructions while you are waiting—I said "The horse won, and on my asking him to pay me he said he would not until he received his money "—that was a tale I wrote as it might get me out of trouble—it was all—false—I wrote a letter to the Waverley Hotel to a fictitious person, Mr. Sampson—I instructed him also that on returning to London and seeing Carson he paid me the money in 100l. Clydesdale bank-notes, and that he had asked me to address him in future as Mr. C. Sampson, Waverley Hotel, Edinburgh—that was to account for the letter I had sent—I thought the letter would be found there, and nobody would call for it—it required explanation why I wrote such a letter there—finding a difficulty I wrote to that address and received no reply—I used the name of Wells in changing the notes because I knew I had done something wrong in changing the cheque—I said "Neither did any of the people where the offices were held know me"—part of the instructions I gave him were true and part false; it was a conglomeration, I thought if I made up something false with the true it would be best, because none of the people at the different lodgings knew me—I wrote "I contradict Savory's statement entirely," and "It is all imagination about paying part proceeds of the said swindle;" but I knew different—those instructions are in my writing—in 1871 I had offices in Edinburgh—I have been living rather dishonestly for the last seven years, but not the whole time—I have been racing and paying—I have been connected with five or six racing swindles, not mixed up with Kurr in any business transactions, but in fraudulent transactions I was mixed up with him from 1867 to 1872—after absconding from my bail in the Walters and Murray fraud I went to America with Walters and started as a land surveyor—I surveyed land for people who wished to borrow money, I and Walters—that was a

swindle—it was done in this way: Walters was advertised as an English gentleman wishing to lend money on landed property; when people applied to him for a loan he would refer them to his surveyor, that nt me; I surveyed the land, and as a great number of them were trying to cheat the English gentleman of his superfluous capital I used my discretion and proposed in certain cases that they should victimise the English gentleman by giving me a consideration, for which I would make a favourable report of plots of land, and so deceive "Walters; Wallers never lent any money; I used to receive my payment from the people who wished to borrow, and when they applied to him he used to say that the report from the surveyor was satisfactory, but that as collateral security is was necessary that they should insure their lives; I was the insurauce agent also—that scheme did not last long, but I should think we made about 400 dollars a day—the Americans did not soon find out the deception—they have not found it out yet that I know of—I was arrested on a charge of smuggling—we underwent some amount of whitewashing, I suppose, for we were acquitted by a jury, and discharged without a stain upon our characters—we did not carry it on because I thought I had something better on hand—I started a pocket-book company, which was another swindle—we advertised that we had bought a great number of pocket-books very cheap, and were willing to let the American public have the benefit of the barga n. and that to those who would pay so much for a pocket-book we would give half the profits, to be distributed to the holders of coupons—we did nor. make anything out of that, but the Post Office did, for they stopped the letters, it being a lottery—I remained in America about a month after that, during which time I was driving about and enjoying myself—I then came back to England, and have been racing; ever since—that is my life for 1870.

Re-examined by the Atiorney-General. Meiklejohn first mentioned Davis to Kurr and me as far back as Christmas, 1871—that was not the first time I had seen Meiklejohn, we had a conversation about racehorses before that—when I was in the House of Detention I used to hand the instructions to Froggatt myself—I saw him frequently and gave him a great number of instructions, and I always headed them "Counsel's instructions"—I saw him frequently and gave him a great many written instructions—you buy paper in the House of Detention, and you have it given to you in Newgate—these are the instructions which I gave; but I do not think all my instructions are hero—I do not see one which relates to six 100l. notes—they were always headed in the manner I have already stated—I must have given him more, because I used to employ my mind with it—these account for six notes, but had I wished to deceive Mr. Froggatt I should have had to account fur seven, because six were traced to me, and one was found on me I may say, what I have forgotten to state before, that on one occasion of Froggatt visiting me at the House of Detention, I spoke to him as to the impropriety of his sending Stenning to me to try and induce me to let him have the notes—I told Froggatt how very wrong it was of him to mention the matter of those notes to a person who was not interested at all in the matter, and who knew nothing at all about it, and said it was wrong to send a person to try and induce me to let him have the notes—he replied that he had never asked Slenning to come to me to ask me to part with the notes, but that Stenning told him that had better have them and get them

changed, but I felt confident that he had, because Stenning knew nothing about the matter.

HENRY STENNING . I was tried and sentenced in February last on a charge of obstructing a constable when he was arresting Kurr, and am now undergoing twelve months' imprisonment—I have known Kurr about ten years—I was not in any way mixed up—with the fraud of which Kurr was convicted—I was never charged with any criminal offence before—I remember Murray being arrested, but cannot recollect the date—I saw Kurr a day afterwards—I have known. Mr. Froggatt since the 28th November last, when I took a letter to his office which I had written at Kurr's dictation, and a 5l. Bank of England note—I said "Re Murray" gave him the 5l. note, and asked him his line of defence—he said he did not think that Savory would put in an appearance against Murray and face his, Froggatt's, cross-examination; that he could prove that Savory was a mounter and a fradulent bankrupt—I believe a mounter means a person who will get into the witness-box for a consideration and give evidence—he then said "How about the paper?"—I said "I do not exactly understand what you mean"—he said "The paper; these notes"—I said that I knew nothing at all about them—I think that was all that passed at that interview—I saw Mr. Froggatt again about two days afterwards, and handed him a letter written by me at Kurr's dictation, like the former one—he said "Now how about these Clydesdales?"—I said I wanted Murray's line of defence—he then said that Murray had informed him that the money, having been obtained in Scotland, would not come within the jurisdiction of Great Marlborough Street Police Court; and just before I was leaving he said "If you have any of those notes I will hand you hard cash for them within twenty-four hours"—I assured him that I had not got any—I think I saw Murray three or four times a week in the House of Detention—I went with Kurr to St. Albans on several occasions—when I returned from there on 4th December I met Froggatt about twenty minutes after nine o'clock, at the Scotch Stores; in Oxford Street—I don't think I had made an appointment—he said "I am late, I believe"—I said "I have come a long way from the country"—he said "I have heard bad news from farther than you have come"—he then said "Cosnove and the other two are arrested"—I reported that to Kurr, and I believe I sent three telegrams—at that time I did not know who Cosnove was—I sent this telegram; it is in my writing—I think I got the form from the corner of Southampton Street—I received the wording on a piece of paper from Kurr—I afterwards handed the paper back to Kurr. (This was from Williamson, Superintendent of Police, Scotland Yard, London, to the Chief of the Police, Rotterdam. '" Find Morton and the two men you have in custody are not those we want. Officer will not be sent over. Liberate them. Letter follows." Signature of sender, "Frederick Carter, Scotland Yard.") I received from Kurr the draft from which I wrote that telegram in the parlour at the Mitre Tavern, Engsgute Street, Holborn—I was waiting there for Kurr—I don't think I saw Mr. Froggatt there that day—I saw him there frequently, when Kurr was present—I think it was more than a week after I had sent that telegram that Mr. Froggatt came into the parlour at the Mitre, when I was waiting for Kurr, and said "Where is Kurr?"—I said "lam expecting him every minute"—after waiting some little time, he said "I must go"—I asked him to sit down and have another liquor and a cigar

—he did so, and said "A certain party says that Kurr must see Howard, I and all will be well"—Froggatt then said "Williamson is making a great fuss about the telegram you sent"—I said "I understood you sent it"—Froggatt answered "No, you sent it"—I then said "You seem to know all about it"—Froggatt replied "I should do, Kurr and I concocted it"—I think he used the word "concocted," or "drew it," one or the other—I believe Kurr entered the Mitre parlour about that time—I don't think I saw Froggatt any more that day—I left Kurr and Froggatt in the parlour—I thiuk froggatt always referred to Kurr as Kurr or Bill—shortly after 4th December, as Mr. Froggatt, Kurr, and I, were leaving Kurr's house, 29, Marquess Eoad, Canonbury, Froggatt, addressing me, said "Here comes old Ned Funnell"—after hearing a conversation with Froggatt and Kurr, Froggatt said "Follow him and see where he goes to"—I followed Funnell for about two hours, and reported this to Froggatt on the same day, when I saw him by arrangement at the Mitre—I told him I had left Mr. Funnell half way down the New North Eoad, Islington—I remember Kurr being arrested, it was about seven o'clock, I think—I saw Froggatt about an hour and a half afterwards at Tulse Hill, his private house, I believe—I told him of Kurr's arrest—on leaving Tulse Hill Mr. Froggatt and I went in a cab together as far as Whitehall; I remained about a quarter of an hour in the cab, while he went to scotland Yard—we afterwards went to the police station at Islington, where Kurr was in custody—I remained in the cab, while Froggatt went in to see Kurr—he told me that he had seen Kurr, and had left him as comfortable as he could under the circumstances—I saw Mr. Froggatt the following morning at his office, we then went into Great Marlborough Street Police Court station yard; Froggatt was going to see Kurr, and I went in with him—we walked through Marlborough Mews, through the station, into the station yard—I had been there before—the officer asked Mr. Froggatt whether I was a solicitor; he said "No"—he said "I cannot admit him to see Kurr"—Mr. Froggatt went up some steps, I believe to Kurr'e cell, came down again, and told me he was going to instruct Mr. George Lewis to defend Kurr—he gave me a piece of paper with some names written on it in pencil—I think I destroyed it after I made use of it, but could not swear positively whether I gave it back to Froggatt or not—one of the names was "Flintoff, 8, Northumberland Street, Strand;" the other, "Housekeeper, No. 4, Agar Chambers"—I think Mr. Froggatt told me that Kurr desired me to go to those addresses and to ask Mr. Flintoff if he had identified the right man, and to go to Agar Street and ask tie housekeeper, if she was called on to identify Kurr, to identify persons that had taken offices there, if she was able to do so; and also to see the potman at the Northumberland Arms, to give him something, and to ask him, if he was called upon, not to give evidence against Kurr—I went to those addresses, and when I next saw Mr. Froggatt I told him I had been to see Mr. Flintoff, the potman, and the housekeeper—I said I had eeen Mr. Flintoff, and I thought I had persuaded him not to give any further evidence than he was absolutely obliged to; and that I had seen the potman, and he had agreed not to identify Kurr or give evidence; also, that the housekeeper said that she was not able to identify those persons that I had inquired about; that I had given the potboy half a sovereign, and that I would return the two sovereigns that I had borrowed of Sfr

Froggatt in the afternoon, or he could place it in the bill—that is all that passed at. that time—it was 1st January this year, the day after Kurr's arrest—I saw Mr. Frogiratt about an hour afterwards, on the same day, si he was coming towards Great Marlborough. Street Police Court—Kurr. was to be brought up that day to undergo his examination—I said "There stands old Flintoff"—Mr. Froggatt said "Jump into a cab and follow that man who has just jumped into a cab, and see where he goes to."—. I did so—Froggatt said "Come back into the court and let me know where you have left him"—I did so—I know now that that man was Mr. Abraham's son—Mr. Abrahams was at that time conducting the case for the prosecution against Kurr—when I said to Froggatt "There is old Flintoff," Flintoff was standing on the steps leading into the court—I was about 10 yards off—I followed the gentleman in the cab, first to Mr. Keinhardt's, in Coventry Street, then back again to Marlborough Street Police Court—I then went into court, and during the progress of the case I was identified as the person who had attempted to obstruct the officer, and was taken in custody—in the interval between leaving Flintoff and. seeing Froggatt I drew this plan (produced). of the cell—this piece of paper was part of the evidence given against me on my trial—I remember being examined as a witness against the prisoners before Sir. James Ingham, at Bow Street, last September, and being cross examine I by Mr. Froggatt, and saying that I believed he was not present when I drew the plan—I am sure he was not—I also said that if either of his clerks attempted to look at me, I held my hat in such a manner that he could not see it—when I was standing in the body of the court, being handcuffed, Froggatt said to me "Shall I square the screw for you?"—the screw is a term applied to the officers, of the House of Correction, and I suppose other prisons as well—they are turnkeys, so I suppose they are all "screws"—I said You had better not"—he said "Then I shall send your wife two quid for what you have said to-day"—when the depositions were being read over I was asked what Froggatt had said—I then stated to the court what I have now stated to you—upon that Mr. Froggatt made a statement—I think he said that that day he had lost his mother, mi that his mind was in such a state that he really did not understand hat he had said; he also said, I believe, "On the occasion I made that remark I believe I also attacked Mr. Pollard outside the Court."

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I am a professional billiard-player, and have also commissions on the turf—I follow turf pursuits—Kurr is a very intimate friend of mine—I used to see him frequently, not at his house, but at race meetings, which I attend whenever I have an opportunity—I go all over England, Scotland, and even Ireland, and bet sometimes heavily; I sometimes win, and sometimes lose—I do not know Benson—I know Street very well, and have known Bale seven or eight years—I have not known Frederick Kurr many years—I first saw Mr. Froggatt on the 28th or 29th November—I went to him as a practising solicitor; Kurr sent me—I did not know that Kurr was mixed up with the De Goncourt frauds till he told me in the evening of that day—it was on the second occasion of my seeing Mr. Froggatt that he said "If you have any of these notes I will hand you hard cash for them within 24 hours"—I think I said that at the police court, I do not know—I made three statements to the Treasury, the first on 28th July, the second on 30th August, and the third I made to Mr. Pollard in a room that I was confined in in this building

during the time the trials were going on—I said before the magistrate "In my first statement I did not say a word about the conversation I had with Mr. Froggatt about the telegram"—that was true—I also said "I think Mr. Froggatt said I was to see the poiboy at the Northumberland Anna"—I did not say before the magistrate "To see the potboy at the Northum berland Arms and give him something"—I was examined before the magistrate in August or September—as near as I can recollect I told Mr. Froggatt I had asked Fliutoff if he had identified the right man, and that Flintoff said there could be no question about it; that he had 'been called upon by Messrs. Abrahams and Boffey to give evidence, but that he did not like to be mixed up in a criminal prosecution; that he had not the slightest idea that the solicitors at Kotterdam had anything to do with it, and that he should not say more against Kurr than he possibly could—I reported what I have repeated at Bow Street Police Court.

Re-examined. I have known Kurr 10 years—I met him at race-meetings—I had nothing at all to do with, any of the frauds with which he was mixed up.

JOHN THOMAS STATTNTON . I am at present employed at the Continental Bank, 79, Lombard Street—in 1874 I was manager for Messrs. Hartland and Co., foreign bankers—this is the bullion book of that bank for 1874—this entry is in my own writing—I find that I purchased, on 1st August, 1874, 7,500 francs in French, bank notes for 296l. 8s. 10d., by cheque, it would appear—here is an entry in my cash-book on the same date, "Credit the Union Bank with 296l. 8s. 10d.," which shows that a cheque for that amount must have been given to somebody—the name is E. L. Archer, but it does not necessarily show that the cheque was given to Archer—if anybody brings French notes, unless they ask for cash, I give them a cheque.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. It was given to some person who gave the name of Archer, but who it was I don't know.

FREDERICK BURT . I am a member of the firm of Burt and Co., of Cornhill, and produce my book—on 17th Oct., 1874, I changed some foreign money, and gave a cheque for 992l. 1s. 4d., in favour of Archer, not Archer and Co.—I saw the cheque at the police-court and showed it to Mr. Abrahams—I did not draw it myself—it was endorsed "L. Archer 1 by the bank clerk, and was on the London and Westminster Bank—this is a copy of it.

CHARLES LLOYD . I am cashier at the London and Westminster Bant, head office—Burt and Co. had an account there, and on Saturday, Oct. 17th, 1874, I cashed a cheque of theirs for 992l. 1s. 4d. with nine 100l. notes, Nos. 37122 to 37130 inclusive, dated 5th January, 1874, one 50l. note, 0838, 6th August, 1874, and two 20l. notes.

JOSIAH JAMES . I am manager of the London and County Bank, Hackney branch—Henry George Yonge kept an account there in 1876; that is the convict Benson—the entries in this book (produced) were made by Charles Brown, under my supervision, but I did not see the notes at the time—on 19th October, 1874, Yonge paid in two 100l. notes, Nos. 37124 and 37128, February 5, 1876.

JOSEPH CARPENTER . I am a cashier at the London and County Bank, Islington branch—on 19th October, 1874, a man named Wm. Harrisson kept an account there; he is the convict William Kurr, and on that day

he paid in 950l. in Bank of England notes—this entry is my writing—the notes would be passed to Percv Snow, the waste-book-keeper, to enter.

PERCY SNOW . I am waste-book-keeper at the Islington branch of the London and County Bank—on 19th April, 1874, a number of notes were paid in to William Harrisson's account, and among them two 100l. Bank of England notes, dated 37122 and 37123, Feb. 5, 1874.

JOHN TYLER . I am cashier of the Union Bank—on 1st August, 1874, I paid over the counter a cheque note, one 50l. two 20l. notes, and 6l. 8s. 10d.—the 200l. note was No. 67874, Sept. 8., the 50l. 27794, Feb. 6, and the twenties, 41880 and 41881, March 7.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. There is no evidence as to whom the cheque was made payable.

ALEXANDER MONTEITH . I was cashier of the Stirling branch of the Clydesdale Bank in August, 1874—this slip is in my writing, but it is signed by Meiklejohn. (Read: August 21, 1874. Clydesdale Banking Company. Wanted, draft on London for 200l., payable to J. Meiklejohn, Esq., by J. Meiklejohn.")—I remitted the notes I received to Barnett, Hoare, and Co., London.

RICHAED HERBERT . Fam a clerk to Barnett, Hoare, and Co.—I produce the particulars in my own writing of some notes of the Clydesdale Bank, Stirling—I received on 22nd August, 1874, ten fives and five tens, one 20l., No. 41880, and a 50l. note, No. 27594—I have not the dates.

FREDERICK TUCKER ASTON . I am a solicitor, of 58, Lombard Street—in October and November, 1874. I was a member of the firm of Vander-vorst, Low, Hardy, and Aston—Mr. Edward William Hammond, the owner of 202, South Lambeth Road, was one of our clients, and he engaged us to sell that house—T received this letter of 15th October, 1874—I cannot swear that it is Meiklejohn's writing, although I afterwards saw him sign the deed—on 20th October the house was sold at the Auction—Mart, and purchased by Meiklejohn for 475l., who paid 47l. deposit, and signed this contract (produced)—on 2nd November Meiklejohn came to my office and paid the 428l. balance, and 9l. his proportion of the insurance, in notes and money; we do not take cheques—my short-hand writer entered the transaction in my diary; it is initialled as received from him, and the cash is entered in the journal—Mr. Seldon is dead—here is id entry in my journal, "Hammond, 15l. 9s. 5d."—I have an entry here "Same premises, balance of purchase money, 428l. 4s. 9d., signed L. S."—the deceased clerk received the money; F. A. means'myself, and with other moneys recpived from him on the same day it comes to 519l. 8s. Id.—our firm kept an account at Smith Payne's, and in my book in which he entered everything here is an entry "L. H. and A., 519l. 8s. 2d." initialled "G. C. G." showing that he paid it in, and in the banker's book they are credited with the amount—Meiklejohn executed the assignment in the presence of his solicitor, who attested it.

JOSEPH CTTTHBERT GOLDIKG . I was cashier to Smith, Payne, and Co.—in November, 1874, Messrs. Low, Hardy, and Aston kept an account there—on 2nd November, 1874, 519l. 8s. 2d. was paid in totheir account in notes and cheques—Mr. Robinson is the waste-book-keeper, he would enter the particulars of the notes.

FREDERICK ROBINSON . I was waste-book-keeper at Smith, Payne, and Co.'s in November, 1874—I have here a note of 480/. being paid in,

which formed part of a sum of 519l. 8s. 2d.—there were two 100l. rotes Nos. 317129 and 317130—as a matter of fact there are no bank notes with six figures, there must be some mistake, there is a figure too mud.—it is our practice to pay notes into the Bank of England the day after they are received—there are other numbers in that credit.

Friday, November 2nd.

CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS . I am a clerk in the Bank of England—I produce two notes, 37129 and 37130, dated 5th February, 1874—they came into the Bank on 3rd September, 1874, through Messrs. Smith Payne, and Co.—no notes have six numbers, they are all five—when tie date begins there is a "0" before the number, that makes the five.

ANN AVIS . I am a widow, residing at 15, Clifton Road, Clapton—I have known Benson since July, 1873—it must have been four years ago last July—I was asked by his aunt and uncle if I would take him as a lodger—I was then living at Helena Road, Dalston—at that time he was quite unable to help himself, and had to be carried up and down stairs—I was married, and my husband was then alive—Benson lodged with us as near as I can remember eighteen months—I knew Kurt by the name of Medway, coining to call on Benson—Benson told me he came there through an advertisement—when we left Helena Road I went to Paradise Terrace—Benson went with me there—he also went with us to Caw ley Road—he did not take the honse himself at first, but he took it off our hands—it was a more expensive house than we could well afford—Benson had a servant named Picard about July or the beginning of August, 1874—my husband died in December, 1874—on 15th January, 1875, Benson went to Shanldin, in the Isle of Wight—his servant and I went to get the place ready for him—he was then better, but not able to walk—I stayed as his housekeeper at Rose Bank till 15th July, 1875, and saw Clarke twice: I saw him going out, he was taking a stick or umbrella out of the stand, and I saw him leaving the house—I had not seen him come in—I can't say how long it was between the two visits, it may have been a week or two weeks—Benson asked me to copy some letters for him—I did so—I kept some of the drafts, and some I destroyed—the last four I wrote I kept the drafts of—the first drafts I copied I burnt, perhaps four or five of them—Benson wrote them—these are the ones I kept—I posted some of them myself, to "George Clarke, Esq., 20, Great College Street, Westminster"—Benson gave me the address—these are dated June 15th, 17th, 20th, and 24th—I have the paper here—I have seen a Mr. Andrews at Rose Bank frequently—I saw Medway once on the lawn, and I think he had been there before, but I was in London at the time—Benson was not aware in the slightest degree that I kept the drafts.

Cross-examined by MR. CLAEKE. I did not know when Benson first came to me from whence he came—I was told that he was coining from a Sanatorium—he came in the name of Tonge—I knew him by the name of Benson after some months—I understood it was an assumed name—I never knew him by any other name but those two, never by the name of Montague or Montago—it was before I went to Shanklinthatlknpwhim by the name of Benson—when I went to Shanklin I knew that Youge was an assumed name—I first saw Kurr, who I knew as Medway, at Paradise Terrace, Hackney—I cannot tell the date; we went there at Michaelmas, I think, as he came to me in July—I thought it was in the

autumn, but it must have been in the spring of 1874 that Medway came—when I was at Shanklin I heard of him by the name of Gifltord—I cannot say when I first heard the name of Kurr—at Shanklin. he was always called Giflord or Medway—I knew him first by the name of Medwav, and afterwards I heard he was going by the name of Gifford while I was at Shanklin—I may have heard the name of Kurr at Shanklin—I cannot recollect—I saw him at Rose Bank, I think, the week before I left, which would make it 1st or 2nd July—I don't know that I heard him mentioned at all—I never spoke to him—I saw him sitting on the lawn—Benson, when at the Isle of Wight, lad a good deal of correspondence; I cannot tell what it all was—I don't how what were sent out—his man servant used to post them, or himself—I did not as a rule—I may have done so occasionally if I was going out—I did not go out on purpose to do so—I never copied any other letters for him—he never employed me in any other writing work—I took the exact copies just as these are—the first I wrote was on a Sunday, I think—that was 19th April—I destroyed the drafts of the letters I first wrote as I copied them—Benson always examined the copies I wrote before they were sent out—I handed them'to him with the drafts to examine—he always handed them back to me to put in the envelopes—when Clarke came down I did not know that he was Inspector Clarke, of Scotland Yard, at first—nobody assisted Benson in his correspondence at the Isle of Wight that I know of—he generally did his correspondence in the dining-room when I was there—when I left Rose Bank these four were the only copies of letters that I took with me—I then went to live at Cawley Road, Victoria Park, where my son had taken a house; not Mr. Hall, my son-in-law—I do not live with my son now—my husband was in the Custom House—we went to Leaconfield Road in March, 1876—that was my son's house—I am now living at 15, Clifton Road, Clapton Park—Benson put a boy of mine to school at Mr. Clarke's, Grove House School, Hackney—my husband had signed a paper that he should have the bringing of him up, that he should educate the boy, and, of course, at my husband's death, it was known—lie took a liking to the boy and said he should do so—my son-in-law has lived at Green Lanes, Stoke Newington, ever since he was married—he came to see Benson when he first came to me—he came to Helena Road and Paradise Terrace, perhaps twice a week—I never heard that he assisted Benson in his correspondence—lie would spend perhaps an hour or so with him—he never came to Shanklin to see Benson or me—I have another son-in-law, Mr. Newman; he—was a lodger of mine when Benson first came to me, but he left—I think he kept up the acquaintance pretty nearly to the time I left Benson in July, 1875—he came several times to Shanklin—I do not remember his staying in the house; I cannot be sure—I have no idea of the last day he was at Shanklin, or how many times he was there, or the first or last time—I had not in my possession, at any time after I left Shankiln, any other, papers belonging to Benson—the next time I saw Benson after I left Shanklin was at Bentinck Street somewhere about Christmas I fancy—the first time I saw him, Mr. Clark, the schoolmaster, and Mrs. Clarke were present—I went several times to see Benson in Newgate—I used to take his things and get them washed for him—once did not go for a month—the letters and address remained in my possession until 25th May this year, when I gave them to Mr. Pollard at

the Treasury, who sent for me—I did not take them with me when I first "went there; they said it was a serious accusation, and I said that I could produce the letters—I have no pension from the Custom House—I have a little from a leasehold house—I have not had anything for twelve months from Benson, at all events up to the time he was taken into custody—he continued up to that time to take care of my son—I did not know that Benson was in existence until lie came to me—I knew his aunt and uncle, my daughter lived with them as nurse.

Re-examined. Benson allowed me nothing as his housekeeper. I thought his keeping my son at school was quite sufficient.

WILLIAM PICARD . I am a valet, and am at present living at Hunger-ford House, Shanklin, Isle of Wight—in June, 1874, I entered the seivice of George Henry Yonge—he was then living at 5, Paradise Terrace, with a Mrs. Avis—I remember the death of Mr. Avig, about three weeks after which Yonge went to live at Rose Bank, Shanklin—I now know that he is the same man as Benson, who was tried at this court for the De Goncourt frauds—I know Inspector Clarke by sight, and have seen him with Yonge at Rose Bank—he first came in April, 1875—he sent in his card—he returned to see Yonge the following morning, and stayed to breakfast—he visited him once since then—I went with Yonge to London; we stayed at the "Westminster Palace and Langh am Hotels—I saw Clarke withhimin London at both of those hotels—I have carried a letter or note from Yonge to Clarke's house, 20, Great College Street—Clarke visited Yonge in the evening at Westminster Palace Hotel more than once; rather late on one occasion, just after we came back from Switzerland, when William Kurr was with him—I remember driving in a cab with Yonge to Clarke's house; it was either the last day of August or 1st September—I knocked at the door and Clarke came out—I thought Benson was going by the 2.10 train to Shanklin, and he called there on the way—I do not remember whether we went by that train or not—when Clarke came out of his house he stood talking to Benson about twenty minutes, I should say, and then got into the cab—I got on the box—we left Clarke at Whitehall—I believe we drove on to the train for Shanklin.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I was at Shanklin a portion of that tinier—he went there on loth January, 1875—he lived there in very good style, going into the best society of the neighbourhood—part of the time he had tiireo men-servants, namely, a coachman and two in-door servants, a housekeeper and housemaid—he had one horse the best part of the time, and one he jobbed; and he had a brougham and a victoria—I think he was supposed to be a distinguished foreigner in disguise.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. I was in his service from June, 1874, to December, 1875—Clarke came one evening and to breakfast the following morning—I don't remember any other visits; I went for my holidays—I only saw Clarke twice to my knowledge at Shanklin—there were three visits altogether, one evening, then the next morning to breakfast) and then another separate visit altogether—I took the breakfast in, the morning he was there—I knew Kurr at that time by the name of Capta" Gifford—I knew him first by the name of Medway—I first came to know him as Captain Gifford when we went to Switzerland—Benson travelled in the assumed name of Yonge—I saw Mr. Clarke once at the Langnam Hotel—I cannot tell you the date—before I saw him at the Westminster

Palace Gifford was at both hotels—he was not present when Clarke and Benson were talking together—I do not think he ever saw Gifford at either of those hotels—on the occasion of our visit to Clarke's house we were going from the hotel down to Shanklin—Clarke came out and talked fur twenty minutes at the cab door, and then got in and was put down at Whitehall Place—there was no sort of concealment about it.

Re-examined. I saw Kurr and also Clarke at the Langham and Westminster Palace Hotels—I don't know that Clarke ever saw Kurr and Benson together at either of those hotels.

WILLIAM WALTER KNAGG . I am submanager of the Langham Hotel—Benson was there on 18th August, 1875—he had a servant with him, and he had the rooms Nos. 70, 71, and 98—I do not know whether he had any visitors on that occasion—I was away from the hotel during that visit—lie was there again from 14th February to 15th March, 1876, and had rooms Nos. 68, 69, and 303—he had a servant with him again—he was either wheeled about in a chair or carried—he was there again from 27th June, 1876, to 8th July, under the name of Yonge—the first time he signed the book "W. Gilford, Shanklin"—I heard that he had got an alias during his last visit, and then I heard of him as Count Montagu—that was in July, 1876—the servants asked for letters for the Count de Montagu—I remember between 27th June and 8th July, 1876, bis going out for one day in a brougham—I remember one morning receiving a message from his servant, and Meiklejohn. came in five or six minutes afterwards—I asked Meiklejohn what he was doing there—he said that he came to see Mr. Tonge—I said that he could not see Mr. Tonge that day because he was unwell; he said "He is sure to see me"—I knew Meiklejohn perfectly—one of. the pages happened to be passing; I told him to take Meiklejohn's name up to him, and he said "Tell him—Mr. John wishes to see him"—the boy took the message upstairs, and Meiklejohn went up to Yonge's apartments—he did'not give any name—lie said to the boy "Say Mr. John wishes to see him," and the boy went up with the message—I cannot tell whether Meiklejohn waited till the. liny came down—I left him standing there—there was somebody with Meiklejohn—I cannot swear to who he was—it was during his last visit often days—it would be between 27th June and 8th July, 1876—he had no visitors while he was at the hotel except Meiklejohn.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I knew Meiklejohn as a detective inspector—I knew perfectly well who he was; he had arrested somebody in the hotel in 1876.

WALTER LANGDON . I am cashier at the Holborn branch of the Union Bank, and was so in April, 1876, when William Kurr kept an account there—this is a cheque of his (produced)—it is made payable to H. Collett, and dated 10th April, 1876, for 100l.—I paid it over the counter, in two 20l. notes, Nos. 35775 and 35776, dated 19th July, and six 10l. notes, Nos. 45582 to 45587 inclusive, dated 20th September.

Cross-examined by MR. GJRAIX. I was called for the defence in the De Goncourt frauds from the Union Bank—a man named Harry Street tad an account at that bank—these two letters (produced) were putinto my hands by Serjeant Parry at the trial, and I was asked if they were written by William Kurr, the convict—to the best of my belief I answered that they were not—they are very similar to Harry Street's writing, and still believe they are his.

HENRY EDWARD HERMAN . I am a solicitor, and am nowmanagin? clerk to Mr. Poole, a solicitor—I was in Mr. Poole's office in April and May last year—Mr. Poole was then concerned for two of the executors of George Joseph. This document (produced) is among Mr. Joseph's executors' papers—Mr. Poole was concerned for George Joseph, the testator and for two of the executors to the estate—I do not know Inspector Druscovich's writing—this bill of exchange for 120l. purports to be accepted by him—it is dated 25th April, 1874; the period 24 months—it is for 24 months after date. (Inspector Williamson here stated that the acceptance to the bill was in Druscwicks writing; it was dated April 5th, 1874, drawn by George Joseph and accepted by N. Druscovinh, for 120l. at 24 months date.) This letter produced) was written by Mr. Booth, who was managing clerk to Mr. Poole—he is dead. This was dated April 29, to Druscovich. stating that unless the 120l. and 5s. charges were paid by the following Monday, proceedings would be instituted.) Mr. Booth told me that Druscovich claimed to have paid off 15l.—this letter was written by Mr. Booth. (This was dated May 5th, 1876, to Druscovich, acknowledging tkereceipt of 15l., and requesting the balance, 105l., to be sent.) I have not got with me the account in the suit—I saw Druscovicb. once at Mr. Poole's office I believe it was on 2nd May—T cannot remember whether anybody was with him—I heard from Mr. Booth that the 105l. was paid, and that he would pay the money he received to Mr. Poole's bank or to Mr. Poole himself—generally he paid money to Mr. Poole, who banked at Eansome, Bouverie, and Co.'s—this is the paying-in slip—it is in Mr. Booth's writing. This was dated 11th may, 187G. crediting H. H. Poole with three draflt, amounting to 32l. 2s. 9d., and Joseph Druscovich's bank notes 105l.) It is usual in paying in to bankers to designate the different sums, and we generally put the names of the persons who receive them, it assists ourselves.

WILLIAM FOSTER . I am cashier at Messrs. Ransome and Bouverie's, and was so in May, 1876—Mr. Poole, the solicitor, of Bartholomew Close, kept an account with them—on 11th May, 1876, 137l. 2s. 6d. was paid in to his account—this book is not kept by myself—the entry in it was made by Mr. Cox, one of our cashiers—when the evidence was wanted the book was given into my hands to make up—upon that Poole paid in the sum. of 137l. 2s. 9d.—105l. was paid in Bank of England notes, two tens, Nos. 45582 and 45583, dated 20th September, two twenties, Nos. 35775 and 35776, dated 19th July, and nine 5l. notes.

SACHAVEREL GORDON CRESSWELL . I am a solicitor at Daventry—the letter (produced) is in my handwriting—I sent a copy of it on May 29th to a man named Edward Parbrook—I had previously seen the advertisement in the Sporting Life (produced)—with the letter I sent a P. O. O. for 10s.—I sent the letter (produced) to Scotland Yard, with a copy of my letter to Parbrook. (The advertisement referred to in the first letter was headed "Great Double Event Competition—Derhj and Oaks," and went on to say that the sum of 50l. would be given to each gentleman who should name the absolute winners of the Derby and Oaks. Communications were to be forwarded to Mr. Parbrook:, of 31, Cumming Street, Pentonville, London, on or before Tuesday morning, the 30th of April. Each competitor was to forward a sum of 10s. Mr. Parbrook. As it was expected that a great number of commissioners connected with the turf would compete, the whole of the information sent would in sifted. A proportionate share of the winnings was also offered to the sucessful

competitors. The letter to Parbrook named Petrarch as the winner of the Derby and Camellia of the Oaks. The letter to Scotland Yard directed attention to the advertisement, stated that 10s. had been placed on Petrarch and Camellia, and added "Whether the advertisement is a swindle or not remains to be proved. Should you require any evidence from me, I shall be happy to offer it on payment of my railway fare to town and back. I may add that I am a professional man.) I did not prosecute.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. Camellia ran a dead heat for the Oaks, and Mineral Colt won the Derby.

ROSA BRUCE . I reside at 28, Grosvenor Road, Stoke Newington—last year I let apartments in my house to a person named Benson, who went by the name of Yonge—a gentleman named Murray took the apartments for him—Yonge came to live there on the 3rd of August, 1876, and remained a week, leaving on the 10th—the convict W. Kurr daily came to the house while Benson was there—sometimes Murray came with him, and sometimes Kurr came alone—Benson's secretary also came, I do not know his name—I did not receive a letter from Benson after he left.

AGNES ETHELL . I reside at 55, Beresford Road, Highbury—I was residing there last year, and had a person lodging in my house by the name of Yonge—I know him now to be the convict Benson—he came on the 10th of August and left on the 24th—his secretary took the apartments—I have since learnt that his secretary was the convict Frederick Kurr—I remember a person named Gifford coming there—I now know Him to be the convict William Kurr—the convict Bale also visited Benson—Benson had a man-servant with him, Pierre Pionchon, a Frenchman—I remember that on Saturday, the 19th of August, I had a dinner to prepare for three persons—the dinner was on the following day—I did not see any of the guests.

Cross-examined by MR. GRAIN. I do not know 25, Devonshire Street, Islington—I do not know that there is such a street—I did not see a dark man about thirty years of age call while Benson was there—I do not recollect a person named Street coming.

LOUISA ASSYS . I live at 120, Newington Green Road—I remember the convict Benson as Yonge coming to my house to lodge in 1876—he came on the 24th August and left on the 27th of September—I remember the night before he went to Glasgow—I was disturbed that night a few minutes before twelve by a knocking at the front door—I went to the door and opened it on the chain—when I looked out I saw the young man who acted as Benson's clerk—I did not know him then—I now know him to be the brother of Captain Gifford, the convict Frederick Kurr—in consequence of what was said I went up to the servant's bedroom and afterwards made a further communication to the man outside, who threw stones at Benson's window and broke it—after stopping about a quarter of an hour they left—next morning Benson received a note, and he went away directly in a Hansom cab—he had breakfast first—he left for Glasgow in the evening.

CHARLES REINHARDT . I am a foreign banker and money-changer in Coventry Street, Haymarket—in November last I cashed a number of drafts on the Credit Lyonnaise of Paris—these documents (produced) were amongst them—I paid the money to the man who represented himself as Mr. Roberts, now better known as the convict Bale—the total amount of English money that I paid him between the 9th and 21st September was

12,835l. 9s. 3d.—the 21st of September was the last date upon which I cashed any drafts—on that day I paid him 6,032l. 2s. 11d.—the greater part of it was paid in notes, 6,030l. I believe—sixty 100l. notes—I cannot give the numbers and dates of them—I can recognise the notes—we do not take any numbers when we pay out the notes—we can always tell where we take the notes from, by our private mark—these (produced) are the notes—there are more than sixty here—they have all passed through my hands—I made a payment to this man by this cheque on the 9th of Sep. tember, for 12,821l. 5s. 9d.—I also made a payment by cheque onthe 13th of September by these cheques, one for 1,000l., and one for 200l., drawn in favour of J. Francis—upon that same day I paid him 476l. 0s. 11d. in cash, and on the 18th of September I made a payment of 1,971l. 3s. 8d. by this cheque—the drafts are generally payable to bearer—one got made out to the order of Francis—my attention was called to the De Gon-court fraud I believe on the 27th of September—I could not fix the date—Druscovich called either on the 27th or 28th—he asked for the numbers of the notes that we had paid to Bale—of course it is too long ago for me to recollect what he said to me—he inquired about the case; he told me that he was instructed by Mr. Abrahams in the matter of the De Goncourt fraud, and asked for the numbers of the notes; in fact Mr. Abrahams had told me to get the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes, and by the time Druscovich called I suppose I had them ready—I knew very well on what business he called—I was able to give him the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes—I can only recognise the notes by my mark—I did not at that time give him the numbers—I got the numbers from the source I received them from—I only got the numbers on the 27th or 28th of September, and I handed them to Druscovich without keeping a copy of them—I think forty-nine came from the London and County, three from Barclay's, and eight from the Union Bank, Charing Cross—I sent my clerk to make inquiries at those banks as to the numbers of the notes directly after Mr. Druscovich had called, and as soon as I had them I gave them to him—I gave him also a letter to the manager of my bank—I have seen that letter since in the hands of Druscovich—it was a letter merely stating the numbers and dates of the amounts, requesting the manager to put the numbers of the notes—I might have seen Druscovich again the next day—I had given him the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes the same day that Mr. Abrahams called on me, the first day—I cannot say that I gave Druscovich the letter on that same day, it might have been the day following—I do not know Druscovich's writing. A paper was handed to Druscovich, who said the whole of it was his writing. This contained the numbers and dates of thenotes. I do not know what "Clydesdale" refers to, because there is no branch of the Bank of England at Clydesdale—I had nothing to do with the Clydesdale notes—the notes before me are not sorted, they have passed through my hands once or twice before—I recognise all these notes—these are eight 100l. notes that do not belong to the sixty—these are the sixty of which I gave the numbers to Druscovich.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I cannot say whether the first visitof Druscovich was the 27th or 28th of September—it was one of the two—I suppose it would be best to say the 28th—Mr. Abrahams had been to me before Druscovich came, in the morning; and it was from him that I first learned of the fraud upon this lady—they both came the same day,

I think—the interval of time was more than two or three hours—I have no recollection whether Druscovich when he came in said he expected to find Mr. Abrahams at my office—I do not recollect Druscovich saving he had come from Scotland Yard, and that he expected to find Mr. Abrahams with me—I believe Druscovich did ask what kind of man it was who had cashed the drafts—most likely I gave him a description of the man—I cannot say what I described the man as; I really do not remember—I might have told him that I was just going to send into the City for the numbers of the notes—Mr. Abrahams called on me in the morning and I sent my clerk off immediately—I might have said so to Druscovich—it is too long ago for me to fix the hour—it might have been about one o'clock in the day—it is very possible Druscovich asked me whether he should call in a couple of hours' time for the numbers, and I may very likely have said it would be too early—I cannot answer whether Druscovich told me he had an appointment with Mr. Abrahams at Marlborough Street at four o'clock that afternoon—he may have said so; I cannot say for certain—it is very likely he may have said he would call either before or after he had been there—it is very probable that I said to him "To be on the safe side you had better come after"—I could not fix the hour that he came to me—it was late in the afternoon—I do not recollect on giving him the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes his saying to me "This cannot be the lot, as the party defrauded has been defrauded of 10,000l."—I do not recollect his saying anything of the sort he might have said something to that effect—I do not know that I said "You are quite right, because the whole of my transactions with Jacob Francis amounted to 13,000l."—I do not know that I had cast it up—I scarcely think I made that observation—I may have told Druscovich at that time that it was not the whole, but I could not have mentioned the amount because I had to go over the books to find it—I then told him that the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes were the numbers of the list—I did not tell him that Mr. Abrahams had intimated to me that it would be sufficient if I got the numbers of the notes; sufficient for the present, he might have said—I should think I had seen Druscovich after the 2nd of October—I do not remember his coming to me and telling me that he thought the notes may have been taken on the Continent—as I told you before, it is too long ago to swear to, and I should not like to swear to it—I think I am quite on the safe side to swear that it was not on the 2nd of October that he asked me for the list of the first batch of notes, because we lost no time in tracing the notes, and I think it was either a day or two—my impression is that Druscovich had the numbers of the sixty 100l. notes and the letter to the manager of the Union Bank within the space of twenty-four hours; that is my impression, I am not prepared to swear to it—I did not give him a list of the cheques; I put it in the letter to the manager of the bank—I merely gave him a letter to the manager of the bank, and the numbers and amounts of the cheques in that letter; it amounts to the same thing—I remember his coming back to me and saying there was some mistake about an 800l. cheque, they could not find it at the bank, for the very simple reason that it was cancelled and altered into a larger amount—it was cancelled and could not be produced—it never was presented—I had by mistake

put it to the number of the cheque for 800l. and he came back from tie bank and told me that the clerk could not find this one.

EDWIN BLUNDELL . I am a cashier in the Charing Cross branch of the Union Bank—I was there in September last year—I remember Inspector Druscovich coming there one day with a letter from Mr. Reinhardt, of Coventry Street—I cannot say when it was—the letter contained a list of certain cheques which had been drawn by Mr. Reinhardt on our branch—on the list I attached the numbers of the notes which had been drawn out in payment of those cheques—I gave the note to Druscovich, with the particulars—I saw him again a few days afterwards at the Charing Cross branch—he asked me for a fresh list, to the best of my belief—I gave him a fresh list—I believe he said he had mis-laid the other list or lost it—I don't think that is the list (produced) which I gave him—it is in my writing, a copy of the numbers—I believe it is the one I gave to Mr. Abrahams' clerk—it is a list of the same notes of which I gave a list to Druscovich.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I believe it was latish in the day when first Druscovich came with the letter, and I told him the books were below, and that he should have the numbers next morning—there are a good many books—he called and asked for the numbers, and I gave them to him next morning.

Re-examined by MR. GORST. He came to me with a letter, and asked for the numbers of these notes—I did not give them to him at once, not till the next morning, on the letter which he brought—the second list was given some days after.

MR. WILLIAMSON (re-examined). One of those two papers is in the handwriting of Greenham, "Druscovich" is endorsed on the back—a portion of it is in the handwriting of Sergeant-Manton, with Druscovich's endorsement on the back.

CHARLES WOODROW . I am an inspector of police on the Midland Bail-way, and am now living in Norfolk Street, Manchester—in the month of September last year I was stationed at the St. Pancras station in London—I know the convict William Kurr by sight—I have seen him once or twice during the month of September—he spoke to me once—I think I have seen him with Meiklejohn and Druscovich about four times—I only saw him in Druecovich's company once; that was in the latter part of September—I saw Druscovich first—he was standing on the arrival platform at St. Pancras station about half-past eight or 20 to nine at night—while he was on the platform the train arrived from Derby—I saw Meiklejohn and Kurr get out of a first-class compartment—Meiklejohn said to me "Have you seen Druscovich?" then before I had time to answer him, he said "Oh, there he is"—then they all three went together across the platform through the booking-office, intothe entrance of the Midland Hotel Restaurant—this was after Meiklejohn went to Derby—Meiklejohn spoke to me one evening after September on the platform—he asked me if I knew Mr. Froggatt—I said "Do you mean Mr. Froggatt the solicitor?"—he said "Yes"—I told him "I do not know as I know the gentleman at all." "Well,"he says, "I have got an appointment with him here; there is something wrong with the lease of my house"—after that I saw him go and speak to some one—I afterwards saw him leave with a gentleman, not a policeman.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I cannot fix any time as to when Meiklejohn went down to Derby; my mind is rather hazy as to dates.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I am a detective in the police force on the Midland Railway, not a Metropolitan policeman—I do not belong to the regular police force—I am a railway policeman, and often have to investigate crimes—I don't often take refreshment with bad characters—when I have got an inquiry to make I do the best thing I can—I have stood at bars with people of bad character before now—Kurr got out of the carriage first, and walked down the platform as far as the entrance—about fifty yards from there—he had to go round—he was about seven yards from me when Meiklejohn came and asked me about Druscovich—he walked straight ahead, as if he was going out of the station—I do not know that I spoke to Druscovich in my life—I do not know whether he knew me—I had seen him at Scotland Yard and going to the police-courts—I believe he would know I was an inspector of the Midland Police—Meiklejohn asked for Inspector Druscovich in his own name, the moment he jumped out of the train.

WILLIAM REIMERS . I am a detective-sergeant at Scotland Yard—on the 28th of September, before twelve o'clock, I received orders from Druscovich. respecting stopped notes—he gave me a piece of paper, and said "Go to the Bank of England and stop these notes for me." The numbers of the notes and the particulars were written on that piece of paper—I went to the Bank and stopped the notes—I had to sign my Dame in a book—the numbers were written in a book, and then I signed my name; those (referring) are the notes I stopped—that is my signature "William Reimers, for Druscovich"—I saw Druscovich on the same evening, and told him what I had done—in the latter part of November, or beginning of December, as Druscovich and I were walking over Vauxhall Bridge, I said "How are you getting on with the turf swindle?" He said "Damn the turf swindle! I wish I had never heard anything of it." He then added "I hare documents in my hand with which I could amash two"—just before he said this I had said "I believe there is some one else in it besides Meiklejohn"—then he made the remark about the documents—I then said "Have you told the Governor so?" (meaning Mr. Williamson)—to that he replied "No, I have not; let him find out like I have done"—I then said to him "Surely you will not jeopardise your position for the sake of screening others?"—he made no reply—in Aug. last year I was employed to make inquiries about the Gainsborough picture, and on one occasion I went at seven o'clock in the evening to Meiklejohn's house to make some communication to him—I did not find him in, but saw his wife and made some communication to her—on the same evening, at eleven o'clock, I saw Meiklejohn—he told me "I have been at a dinner-party, and I am very sorry that you disturbed me," or words to that effect—I think this was on the 19th of August or September, on a Saturday—on the second of May in the present year I met Mr. Froggatt in Oxford Street, close to Argyll Street, and went with him to the Pamphilion, a public-house at the top of Argyll Street—Froggatt said in the presence of two other men "Well, Mr. Reimers, is the missing letter found yet?" I said "What missing letter?" He said "Don't you know?" I said "No, I do not know what you are alluding to?" He then said "A superintendent from a northern town wrote to Mr. Williamson that a Clydesdale note had been changed there, and that letter never

came to Mr. Williamson's hand"—I said "I know nothing of it and I do not want to know"—Froggatt then said "I can give a guess what became of that letter."

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I have been in the force 18 years—I will swear there have not been 20 complaints against me—I have been charged with an assault before the magistrate, when you prosecuted and failed to get a conviction—the magistrate did not reprimand me on that occasion—I was at one time an inspector, and was reduced to the position of sergeant on the 24th of December, 1876—I swear that the Commissioners did not first of all call upon me to resign my position—it was alleged that I had taken advantage of my position as a police officer to give information to a private inquiry agent of the name of Pollaky—it was alleged, instigated by your client Druseovich, that for 10 months and a fortnight I had supplied Pollaky with a "rough" of my Bremerhaven report—I was friendly with Pollaky at the time—we had not quarrelled, but I believe Druscovich set Pollaky to inform against me, and in consequence of what Druscovich did Pollaky gave information at Scotland Yard about the information that I had given him—the matter was investi-gated by Colonel Henderson and afterwards by the Home Secretary, Mr. Cross—after that I was suspended while the proceedings were going on, and reduced—I believed that this was a conspiracy between Pollaky and Druscovich; here is the proof of it (producing a paper), if the learned counsel will read it—I swear, in the presence of Superintendent "Williamson, that I was not ordered to send in my resignation—I do not know the date of the interview with Druscovich—I made a report of it to Superintendent Williamson two days after—not a written report—I told him all that I have told you—Mr. Druscovich had been out of town, either the latter part of November or December—we went from Scotland Yard to the South Lambeth "Road—I was the best part of an hour with him—after the conversation we had a glass together at the Elephant and Castle, at the corner of Vauxhall crossing and the South Lambeth Road.

By MR. WILLIAMS. It depends on the Commissioners whether, if Meiklejohn and Druscovich were turned out of the police force, I should be the next for promotion—I am not the eldest officer by two.

Cross-examined by Mr. Collins. Before Mr. Froggatt spoke to me about a missing letter, there had been a good deal of talk amongst the members of the police force about it—it was a matter of common report.

Re-examined. It was after I had made the report to Superintendent Williamson upon the conversation that I had with Druscovich, that the complaint was made by Pollaky against me—I was on perfectly friendly terms with Druscovich, and had no idea then of what I have since been convinced of—it was after that report that a complaint was made by Druscovich.

GEORGE GREENHAM . I am a detective inspector at Scotland Yard—on the 3rd of October last year I received directions to stop some bank notes—I have not got my diary with me—I was not told to bring it—I have got a copy of the entries. (Head: Copy from diary of October 3rd, 1876—"Was in charge of special patrols, H Division; also Herman Andrew, deserting wife and children in France, Charlotte Street, Soho, Islington. Engaged till 12 a.m.; also Bank of England, Chief-Inspector Drusco vich. To stop notes re Turf Frauds.") That is all—I was engaged "in charge of special patrols, H Division" from 5 till 11 o'clock at night in

Leman Street, Whitechapel—I was walking about in that neighbourhood—the entry that relates to Herman Andrews is an inquiry respecting a man for deserting his wife and family, for the French police—there is no address—the address in my memorandum, Charlotte Street, Soho, is simply where I went to make inquiries on that day—I cannot say whether I went to the City to stop the notes before that or afterwards—I cannot remember whether any one went with me to the Bank of England or not—it must have been some time before 5 o'clock—I cannot remember, but I must have seen Inspector Druscovich after I stopped the notes, evidently on the same day, to give him the answer—I have never said at what time I went to the bank—this is my signature in the stoppage-book—thoseare the notes I stopped—I think I stopped all the notes Druscovich had told me to stop—I cannot say whether this is the paper I went to the bank with or not—those are the numbers of the notes—I wrote down the numbers of the notes when I saw Mr. Druscovich—this is the paper on which I wrote down Druscovich's directions—it is in my own handwriting—there are some notes here that are not mentioned in the book—I did not stop all the notes on this paper—it is a list of those I was to stop and a number of notes that I did not stop—I either copied it from Druscovich's dictation or from another paper—it is evident from this book that I did not stop at the bank all the notes the numbers of which are mentioned in the blue paper—I cannot tell you why—this other paper is in Druscovich's handwriting—it may be that some notes had been paid into the Bank of England—I may have been told so, but I cannot remember.

Monday, Nov. 5th.

GEORGE GREENHAM (re-examined). The blue paper I produced on Friday contains the numbers of the notes which I had taken down at Drusco-yich's dictation—I had also the stoppage-book at the bank——I found I had not stopped all the notes on that paper—the reason is that some had already been paid—I think the bank-book, in the ordinary course of Business, would tell what had been paid in and where they came from—I should, in the ordinary course of duty, give that information to Druscovich—I cannot recollect whether I did—I must have done so.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I very seldom attend race-meetings—I do sometimes—when I want to get information I often have to mix with very bad company—when I obtain such information I never give up the names of my informants—we never do it—if we did we should not be able to get the information—I from time to time attended the preliminary inquiry at Bow Street—Meiklejohn, Druscovich, and Palmer were arrested on July the 12th—Kurr and Benson were cross-examined about the middle of August I think—they gave the whole account involving Clarke and the rest of them—Clarke was not arrested till Saturday, the 8th of September—up to that time he was performing his duties at Scotland Yard as chief-inspector.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I took the numbers of the notes from a paper shown me by Druscovich—the paper was like a letter—I copied it from a letter, but what letter I cannot tell you—I cannot show that it was destroyed—after I had taken those numbers I went to the Bank of England—I saw the stoppage book there—I think I was told by the clerk that some of the numbers had come in—I think I saw Druscovich' again that afternoon—I do not know that he wrote to Scotland; it would appear in the letter-book of the office, a book that Mr. Williamson will

be able to produce—on the 11th of November I was sent to Shanklin—I made some inquiries—on my return to town Mr. Abrahams found fault with me for having been too pressing in my inquiries at Shanklin, that I was too energetic—I was only one day at Shanklin—Sayer and I went to Druscovich's house after he was taken into custody—we brought away a large number of cigar-boxes—I do not know how many there were—we also brought away all the jewellery belonging to Mrs. Druscovich we could find—I think Druscovich has been in the force about fifteen years.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. I was simply engaged in assisting Inspector Clarke in some of the betting prosecutions of 1872—there were a great many cases in that year—they were prosecuted under the Betting Act—a good many of those betting-offices went to Scotland, and later on to France—when a case is put into the hands of a detective officer at Scotland Yard if he requires assistance he asks for it—if he can attend to it himself he does it without instructions—we don't generally discuss the whole of the cases there—I heard of the Walters and Murray fraud—I believe Chief-Inspector Clarke had charge of that case—it was in that way I heard of it—I can't say whether Palmer had anything to do with it—I don't know that he had—that fraud was carried out by means of advertisements in foreign papers, prospectuses, directors, and solicitors and sworn brokers, occupying the whole side of a newspaper.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. I knew that Clarke was in charge of the Walters and Murray case—I do not know the O'Regan case—I knew generally that Clarke for years had charge of the betting cases, the Turf Fraud cases, and I should think he was pretty notorious, not only in the force, but among the betting people themselves—he was constantly appearing at the police-courts in such cases—when police inspectors are on leave and going about on their own pleasure, they are in the habit of getting railway passes given them by the authorities of the different railways—in the course of their official duty they constantly come into contact with the authorities of railway companies, and when out on then" own pleasure make their expenses lighter in that way.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I cannot tell you who took Mr. Froggatt into custody—I cannot say whether he was taken on a warrant—I heard that Clarke took him into custody.

By the Court. On obtaining information as to a fraud or what not, supposing a superior officer or chief inspector to have the charge of the case, we discuss the matter with him, but we do not give the name of our informant at any time, we can discuss it without doing that—in the case of a fraud which Superintendent Williamson or Chief Inspector Clarke might have charge of, and I had to go to Birmingham, Manchester, or Paris, and obtained information, it would be different—I mean in the case of an apprehension taking place, where a man is pointed out and we get information, providing the person who told me asked me not to disclose his name, I would not do so—it must be a question of degree in each case.

HERBERT CUSTON HEWKE . I am an officer in the secretary's office of the Bank of England—I have the book containing an entry of notes stopped at the bank on the 28th September, 1876, by "W. Reimers, for N. Druscovich"—the stop was merely in the name of Chief-Inspector Druscovich—there were fifty-six notes stopped of £100 each, 28th

January, 1876—Reimers came to stop them at 3.50—I cannot say whether he asked me to stop any besides—I have an entry here of notes stopped on the 3rd October, 1876, by George Greenham—they were really stopped for Chief-Inspector Druscovich, but by George Greenham; he was acting or him—the stop was taken in Druscovich's name at 12.40—there were fourteen notes, 58376—83, 100l. notes; 58359—68, also 100l. notes; and 60771, also 100l. note, bearing date 28th January, 1876; that would be about twenty-nine—I say fourteen notes, because some of the nineteen appeared afterwards to have been in the bank—it sometimes happens that the notes are in the bank, but we are unable to get the information in our office—we can tell up to two days whether notes are paid in or not—also Nos. 66319 and 76362, 50l. each, 27th January, 1876; No. 45037, 20l., 26th January, 1876; 16643—45, 10l. each, 21st December, 1875—it appeared afterwards that Nos. 58359 to 58368 and 60771 were stopped in error, those notes having been already paid.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. In the case of a police officer or an inspector on duty at any police station, we should take his revoke for a stop, or we should take the signature of the officer whom he sent—we should not require his authority to the person he sent, if he was a police officer—if a policeman comes to me and says he comes from an inspector at the station, I should take his stop, not any policeman out of the street—the stoppage book is not open to the inspection of anybody, it is kept in the secretary's office—if you gave a satisfactory reason you could see it.

By THE COURT. We should find out that the person had some real interest in it—we have all sorts of people asking for information, and we are obliged to be very particular. "

Re-examined by the Attorney-General. When Greenham came, in all probability he explained who he was; he must have had a list of the notes he wanted stopped, for this reason, that he would put the particulars of the notes he was desirous of stopping on another slip of paper—if some of the notes had been returned to the bank, we should not stop them—it might so happen that they might be put down in error—I can't say whether some of the notes which Greenham had on his list had already been paid in, I should imagine so from this entry—the entry is "Nos. 58359—68 and 58,777 were stopped in error, those notes having been already paid in"—that is simply a footnote—that leads me to suppose that certain of the notes on his list had been paid in, I mean had been, returned to the bank—I cannot say now from whence they had come; it could be ascertained very easily, but that is in a different department—we should simply know the names of the bankers or the persons who paid them in—that entry might or might not show whether they came from the Clydesdale Bank—I can't say when it would be discovered that the notes had been paid in—I should imagine very shortly afterwards by this entry—the person would merely say "Don't trouble yourself about those, they have been paid in"—when I say "stopped in error," perhaps that is a wrong expression, I mean they may already have been paid in—it does not necessarily mean that they had been paid to the knowledge of the persons stopping them—it might have been so, I can't say, or it might be an error on our side, not knowing they had been paid in, I am not in a position to say.

HENRY WILSON . I am a clerk in the detective department at Scotland

Yard—on the 3rd October, 1876, a letter was written by me, dictated by Chief Inspector Druscovich, to Mr. P. Browne, Superintendent of Detective Police, Glasgow—that letter was as follows: "Dear Sir,—Warrants have been issued against five men for having attempted to defraud a French lady of upwards of 10,000l. There were the following Bank of England notes (numbers and amounts specified). These notes have been paid into the Bank of England by Messrs. Barnett, Hoare, and Co., of London, who received them through the Clydesdale Bank, Glasgow. "Will you be good enough to inquire as to the source from which the notes emanated, and inform me of the result at your convenience? Upon the receipt of a telegram from you I will at once send down an officer. (Signed) G. Clarke." (The numbers of the notes were attached to the letter.) That letter was copied into the letter-book of the office by me—there was one more letter copied by me on that day—it was a letter about the You Howard case—the latest time at which those letters could be copied was sis o'clock, if they were dispatched that night—letters are generally sent on the same day on which they are written—there is an office diary—it is kept by Sergeant Neale—the letters were put into the bag for the post at a quarter to six—if they are not put into the bag then they would not be dispatched at six o'clock—I cannot remember the time at which the letter to Superintendent Browne was written—I can only say that I wrote it in the afternoon at the dictation of Inspector Druscovich, and it was copied—to the best of my belief Chief Inspector Clarke was present in the office at the time—on the 26th October a letter was received at the office—I believe Druscovich was in charge on that day—this is the letter (produced)—from this memorandum I conclude that Druscovich was in charge on 26th October; it would then be his duty to open all the letters and attend to them.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. The entry-book and the diary would show who was the Chief Inspector on duty—the Chief Inspector has himself to sign the book showing that he was on duty—sometimes an inspector might wish to send a letter, and he would make a rough draft and I should copy it from that—that would be copied into the book as well—there were only two letters written on 3rd October—I don't always write the letters—I can say that I wrote the one that was sent to Glasgow—I have to keep the various books in the office and to attend to the correspondence and reports which are received—I cannot recollect sending a telegram to Macnab at Glasgow for Druscovich—I have some recollection of a telegram being sent to the chief of the police there, but I can't say that I sent it; I don't recollect sending it.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. The letter would not be posted into the letter-book from the rough draft—I should write the actual letter which is to be dispatched from the draft, and then the letter would be copied into the book from the letter itself, not from the draft—letters could be sent by post as late as seven o'clock by paying extra postage; in an important case that might be done, it is not very often done—the letters are always signed by the officer in charge of the office, by Superintendent Williamson when he is there, and on this occasion, the 3rd October, by Chief Inspector Clarke, in the absence of his chief—he was the acting superintendent that day, and it was in that capacity that he signed the letter—the principal officers on duty at Scotland Yard take separate cases for themselves—I do not think Mr. Clarke had anything to do with the writing of this

particular letter; he was sitting on the opposite side of the desk in his chair, I believe, when I was writing the letter from Druscovich's dictation—he would only sign it as being the superintendent officer that day.

Re-examined by the Attorney-General. When Druscovich dictated the letter Mr. Clarke was sitting in his usual place—Druscovich spoke aloud, so that any one in the office could hear him—after it was written I should lav it before Mr. Clarke in the ordinary course—he usually reads the letters—he might not have read this one, as he was there and heard it—if he had not heard it it would have been his business to read it—I say that Druscovich was in charge of the office on the 26th of October from this memorandum, it is my writing—it is his signature—the memorandum is "Detective Department, 26th October, 1876. Memorandum. The attached letter was received yesterday evening." Then that is signed "N. Druscovich, Chief Inspector for Superintendent." From that I can say that he was in charge that day—I do not keep the diary, Sergeant Neale does that.

By MR. STRAIGHT. There is a letter in this book of the 2nd October to Jams, Chief Constable of Portsmouth—that is in my handwriting—I do not think I wrote the letter, but I copied it—there was such a letter inthe office—that would not get into the official book.

By THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Here is an entry on the 26th October: "Percy Robinson, Forgery and Fraud, also Aublin." That is in Druscovich's writing—in the absence of Mr. "Williamson it would be the duty of the inspector in charge to open the letters, and his only.

By MR. STRAIGHT. At one time the clerks opened the letters when the inspector was not there—I am not prepared to swear that at that time the clerks were not in the habit of opening the letters.

By THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Before the Turf Fraud case came on it was the practice for the letters to be opened by Sergeant Neale, but I understand there was something about some letter or letters being missing, and an order was given by Mr. Williamson that the letters were not to be opened either by Neale or myself—I cannot tell at what date that order was given—at all events it was after the information about the turf frauds—before that the letters were mostly opened by Sergeant Neale—his position there is identical with mine—I am a clerk—we were the only two clerks—if anybody opens the letters except the officer in charge it would be myself or Neale—I did not open any letter from Leeds dated October 25th, received on the 25th, referring to the changing of a Clydesdale bank note at Leeds.

DANIEL GOSSETT BROWN (Policeman A 218). I received a telegraphic message at Scotland Yard in October, 1876—this book (produced) is called the Telegraphic Message Book—I make entries in it—this entry on the 3rd October is mine—if the telegrams are for Scotland Yard they are sent over to the department—by looking at this entry I am able to fix the hour at which Inspector Druscovich was the chief officer at Scotland Yard, 3.35—we put down the time we receive the message and the time we send the answer—I can tell by looking at this entry that Druscovich was at the office at that particular hour from 3.35 to 3.40.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I only know it by the entry—the entry is: "There is a message from the City to know if D. was at C. O." The answer is: "Yes, 3.40." That was when I sent the answer.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. I cannot say whether I was on duty

on 10th November—I have not got the Telegraph Book of that date and I have no memory with reference to it.

ROBERT STEWART . I am Procurator Fiscal in Edinburgh—I discharge the duties of public prosecutor for the County of Edinburgh—I should receive in ordinary course reports made by police officers in respect of some matters that are intended to be prosecuted—I produce a warrant against Wm. Anderson, Henry Williams, Harry Street, and Lawrence Eustace, in May, 1873, I think, there was a communication from Meiklejohn to Grollan, an officer in the service at Scotland—in August I received this letter from Gollan. (This was from Meiklejohn to Gollan dated 25th August, 1873, stating that Anderson, Williams, and Street were well known to him; that Williams'8 right name was Murray, and requesting tit Fiscal to send the warrant by some one who knew the men.)

RICHARD NEALE . I am a clerk in the office at Scotland Yard, and was so in October, 1876—Henry Wilson is my fellow-clerk—we were the only two clerks in the office in October, 1876—I heard a talk about a letter being missing—I opened no letter on 26th October—I did not open a letter from the Police-office at Leeds referring to the cashing of a Clydesdale bank-note in Leeds—we keep a diary, it is my duty to keep it—the 26th October was Thursday—on that day Druscovich was attendance officer in the morning—there is an entry in this other book, called the entry-book, in my writing, which shows that Druscovich was there attending the office that morning—Mr. Clarke would have been in charge that morning, only he was at the Central Criminal Court on Von Howard's trial; when he returned from that he would resume charge of the office; it was the second or third day of Von Howard's trial, I think the morning of his sentence—he was convicted of some fraud.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. I and Wilson make entries in this entry book—the officers make their own entries—the red ink figures are references to the case book—the officers put down their own cases upon which they are engaged, and by the red-ink figures you can tell what the cases are—I find, looking at that, that on 10th November Palmer was engaged in reference to some incendiary fire at Waltham Abbey, and also with regard to some indecent prints—without going through the book I can't say whether Palmer had anything to do with the turf frauds; I have no memory with reference to it—when it says that Palmer was attending to a case, it means that he was away from the office.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. The numbers 1056 and 1035 relate to particular cases on which Druscovich was engaged; they were the cases of Percy Robinson and a man named Aublin—if he was out for an hour or an hour and a half, he would still be considered at the office.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. I believe Inspector Clarke attended to the Von Howard case all the way through—he was afterwards very much engaged and away from the office in the De Tourville case—he puts 852 as the number of that case—he never had charge of the De Goncourt case that I am aware of; if he had, the number of the case would be put against his name.

Re-examined by the Attorney-General. Druscovich was in charge of that case—the numbers denote the cases the officers are engaged upon—"office" means attending the office—the names are put in rotation, the numbers come from the case book—1056 and 1035 relate to Druscovich's

cases, he puts himself clown in his own handwriting—the red letters are my writing—when he came back to the office he would not speak to me about the cases, he would put it in the book, and from that book I make up the other—the entry "Percy Robinson, forgery and fraud," also "Aublin," is in Druscovich's writing, the "attending office "is mine—I should write that before Druscovich wrote "Percy Robinson"—he must have come to the office first—the only three persons who might have opened any letter on the 26th were myself, "Wilson, and the officer in charge—I never opened a letter without having authority to do so.

EDWARD ARTHUR MILES . I am a clerk to Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith, bankers; on 4th October, 1876, this draft for 300l. of the British Linen Company, payable to W. Medway was presented for payment, and paid in two notes of 100l. each, Nos. 70516 and 70517, dated 28th January, and 100l. in gold.

CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS (Re-examined). I produce two 100l. notes, Nos. 70516 and 70517, dated 28th January,.1876, which were changed at the Bank of England on 4th October, 1876—the name of W. Medway appears on the notes as that of the person presenting them.

PIERRE PIONCHON . I am not now in a situation—I was formerly servant to Benson under the name of Yonge—I entered his service on 29th September, 1875—he was then at Rose Bank, Shanklin—I never came to London with him—he did not come to London himself in 1875—the first time I came to London with him was about 22nd or 23rd February, 1876—he came to London several times in 1876—I have been with him twice to the Langham Hotel, also to Nelson's Portland Hotel, and the Castle and Falcon—he stayed at the Langham in the name of G. H. Yonge—on 26th July we left for Paris, and afterwards went to Biarritz—we were there from 11th July until 17th or 18th—we were at Paris on the 19th—on the 26th June we left Shanklin and came to the Langham Hotel—we were talking about going to—Egypt at that time—we stayed at the Langham Hotel till 8th July, when we left for Paris via Dover—we only stayed one night in Paris—we went from there to Fontarabia in Spain—we then went to Biarritz and from there to Paris, and stayed at the Hotel Vieuillemont—we then came back to London, and stayed two nights at Mr. Kurr's, 29, Marquess Villa, Marquess Road—I went there before Benson, with the luggage; he came about an hour or an hour and a half afterwards—we left Paris on the 26th, and arrived in London on the night of the 27th—we stayed two nights at Mr. Kurr's—I left there before Benson, and went to Dover—Benson came after me—we stayed at Dover six days—from there we came to London, to 28, Beresford Road, Mrs. Bruce's—I saw Kurr's brother come there, he was called Chapman at that time, and Bale, who was called Elliott, and Wm. Kurr also—we stayed at Mrs. Bruce's from the 3rd to the 10th August—we then went to Mrs. Ethel's, 55, Beresford Road—I saw many letters there written to French people—we remained there a fortnight, from the 10th to the 24th—Benson was visited at Mrs. Ethel's by the same persons and by Meiklejohn—on 19th August there was a dinner for three persons; Kurr came, Meiklejohn came rather late, the dinner had begun—at the end of the dinner he received a telegram, and went away soon after—we stayed at Mrs. Ethel's till 24th August—we then went to Mrs. Assy's 20, Newington Green Road—Benson was visited there by the two Kurrs

Bale, and Mr. Price—I never went to 8, Northumberland Street—during the time we were at Mrs. Assy's, Benson usually went out in a brougham at nine o'clock in the morning—one night some gentlemen came for it Yonge—Mrs. Assy went down and asked who he was—Yonge had gone to bed, and I would not wake him up—the gentlemen threw some stones up at the window, and broke it—that was on September 27th—I did not see the persons, I declined to get up—I could not say who they were—a letter came from Kurr in the morning—on the 28th we left for Glasgow and stayed at Macrae's Hotel—I saw Bale and F. Kurr there—from Glasgow we returned to London to Mrs. Assy's—from there Benson went to Brighton with me—Clarke and Street came down to see him there—we went from the station to Mrs. Assy's when we returned from Glasgow separately—Benson had a four-wheel cab—I took a Hanson and a portmanteau, and got there a few minutes before Benson—I did Dot see the cab he got into—I saw the cab he came in—he did not drive up to the house, but got out about forty or fifty yards off—later on I was at Derby with him at the Midland Hotel—Meiklejohn came while we were there it was some time in the afternoon—we left on the same day for Matlock Bath—that was the 19th of October—I cannot tell how long Meiklejohn was with Benson at Derby, because he went to a private room—at Mat-lock I saw Kurr and Meiklejohn—Meiklejohn and his wife dined with Benson on Sunday night, and left the same evening in a two-horse carriage—we remained at Matlock Bath about a fortnight—Benson went away several times to Derby, and I posted several telegrams to Meiklejohn at Derby—Kurr came to see Benson at Matlock, and had No. I room—we afterwards left and went to the King's Cross Hotel of the Great Northern Railway—we went from King's Cross to the Bridge of Allan, where I saw Kurr, Street, Meiklejohn, and a gentleman whose name I do not know—ultimately I went to America, from whence I telegraphed to Kurr in the name of Benson—I took two letters with me to send from America to England, one for Mr. Price and one for Mr. Shanks Brook—I sent the telegram for Mr. Price from the Great Western Compagnie Royal—in March, 1876, I saw Clarke at 3, Bentinck Street, Cavendish Square—Mr. Yonge had a sitting-room there on the first floor and my bedroom was on the second floor; and as I was coming downstairs I saw Clarke coming out of the sitting-room, going out—I do not know Palmer or Druscovich—I heard Druscovich's name at Bridge of Allan, that is all.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I had no idea of the real character of my master at that time, I only knew after my return from America—I was engaged by Benson at Zurich, in Switzerland, where he went by the name of Yonge—he said he was the Count de Montagu, but he did not use that name—I also knew him as the Count de Montago—he told me why he changed his name, and said something about Mr. Andrews—I was serving a man who I supposed to be an honest person, and yet I knew him by three different names.

Re-examined. He did not tell me why he took those names.

THOMAS PHIPPS . I am a private constable of the Midland Railway Company—a part of my duty is to take the destination of cabs as they drive from St. Pancras station—I was on duty on the morning of 4th October—this is my book—on that morning at 8 o'clock there were two cabs, one booked Stoke Newington Green, and Stoke Newington—their numbers were 13 and 19—it was on the arrival of the Scotch train.

ROBERT ROSE . I am driver of No. 13 four-wheel Midland Railway cab;. on—4th October I took a fare from St. Pancras, for Stoke Newington, at 8 a.m.—I did not go there as my horse fell lame going up Pentonville Hill; I called another cab, the number of which I do not know, and my fare got into it.

EDWARD BRENT . I am a cashier of the Bank of England—on 4th October, 1876, two 100l.;, notes, 70516 and 70517, were changed by a man who gave the name of Medway—I gave him 200 sovereigns—I should not know him again.

ROBERT STEWART (Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS). The proceedings against Philip Gardner and Co. lapsed because the authorities did not intend to prosecute the inquiries further—Gollan is still in the public service there, but not in the same position he occupied at that time—he was then in the force, he is now a Sheriff's officer—he has not had his position altered since the evidence given in the De Goncourt frauds, it was long before—I called upon him to give a report with reference to the De Goncourt frauds, and he did so—his name came into prominence at the Bridge of Allan visit, and I consequently called upon him to make a report—he made a report, and is still retained in the public service—in November last a portmanteau belonging to Dr. Wilde was lost, in reference to which, Gollan was making inquiries, and Gollan informed me that Meiklejohn, in Ms capacity of railway officer, visited Edinburgh for the purpose of making inquiries.

Re-examined by the Attorney-General. Gollan was an officer in my department in November last, but before that he was a detective officer in the police—I have made no further inquiry in reference to Gollan—I have dated his report November, 1876—I am waiting for the result of these proceedings—in the case of Gardner, the man had absconded from Edinburgh before the warrant was got—we got one man, named Eustace, who was admitted to bail—about four months afterwards there was a letter from Meiklejohn, which I have produced, and the evidence was not considered such as would warrant the apprehension of the men; no proceedings were taken against Eustace, in consequence of the deficiency of the evidence; they were all included in one warrant; the original summons was not sent to London, but a communication was made to the local police all over the country, and to the London police, that the men were wanted, and the warrant was ready to be sent—excepting Eustace, we heard sotting of the other men beyond the letter of Meiklejohn.

HENRY RICHARD CLARKE . I am principal of Shanklin College, Isle of Wight—I was acquainted with Benson, and let Rose Bank Cottage to him, which he occupied at Shanklin—I know of some letters and telegrams which have been produced which purport to be sent from Clarke to Benson—these letters and telegrams were at one time in my possession—the last time I saw Benson at the Langham Hotel he wished me to take some private papers of his back to Shanklin, but the contents I did not how—that was early in July, 1876—he was missing, and there were reports about him which caused me great uneasiness, and I went to his house, looked for all letters in it, took possession of them, and sent them to the address he gave, 324, Essex Road, addressed to Mr. Watson, but that was an error of mine, the name should have been Hawkins—that was on August 12, 1876—other letters which I found at Benson's I destroyed, in consequence of a communication which I received from him

—a policy on Mr. Andrews' life was given up to the trustees in bank. ruptcy.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKE. Benson paid for a boy at my school—I was acquainted with him from January, 1874, to July, 1876 and during that time he never betrayed himself in word or action; he appeared to me to be a gentleman in every respect—amongst the documents which I found at Benson's house and destroyed there was a large number of letters; perhaps about 150—I destroyed them at Shanklin a week or ten days afterwards without seeing their contents—a few which I found afterwards I gave to Mr. Abrahams—my wife put them in a packet and sent them to me; I was in London then—the address at Essex Road was given me before I burnt the letters—I think the policies and some other papers were put on one side when I burnt the letters—the idea of a fraud never entered my mind.

Re-examined by the Attorney-General. Before burning them I read them casually to see what they were about—the other papers were concerning business—I cannot say why I reserved the letters, they were put on one side, there could be no motive, I think they got among other papers which were thought to be of no importance—if I had picked oat letters of Clarke I might have found others—I never saw Clarke till I saw him here—I think I must have got the address from Benson on 8th August, 1876, if that was Monday.

WILLIAM WEEKS ACKHURST . I am in the Solicitor's Department of the General Post-office—I sent on to the Solicitor of the Treasury the packet of letters addressed to Mr. Watson, 324, Essex Road, in this brown paper cover (produced)—it was sent to the solicitor's office from the secretary's office, who received it from the Dead Letter Office—I believe it was at their office about twelve months or rather more—the date on the envelope is illegible—I saw Mr. Hodgson open it, and could see several letters, but not what they were—I did not identify the contents.

GEORGE FLINTOFF . I live at 8, Northumberland Street, Strand, and have been there about a year and a half—last August I let my offices to a firm who called themselves Brooks and Co., of Glasgow—they were taken by a person calling himself Chapman, who I afterwards found to be Frederick Kurr—the arrangement was made on 30th August, 1876, and the—agreement signed on 31st August, about 9 o'clock in the morning Benson, Frederick Kurr, William Kurr, Bale, and myself were present, but no one else—when they took possession we were asked to supply them with furniture, and they stayed there till about half-past five in the evening—I saw them all four from time to time during the day—they commenced business about 9 30 a.m, but being the first day I did not, take so much notice as afterwards what their hours were—I was residing there all the time—I believed it to be an advertising agency—I had not the slightest notion what was going on until three months after they left the premises—I saw no correspondence connected with the offices by Benson and Kurr—Benson came in a brougham and was taken away in a brougham, and another time in a cab—I saw quantities of letters go by the post, but I only recollect one letter coming all the time they were there—they left on 26th September, about 2.30 p.m.—I had no notice that they were going to leave—on 30th December I went to Marlborough Street Police-court, and swore an information in the magistrate's private room, and on the next night I was taken to the police station at Islington

and found "William Kurr there—I identified Mm without the slightest doubt—on January 1, about ten minutes before Wo, I went to Marl-borough Street Police-court, and while I was standing at the door Stenning and Froggatt approached me, Stenning walked on—Froggatt remained in the front of the Court and made a signal that he wished to speak—I had seen Stenning at about 11 o'clock the same morning, and had had a conversation which resulted in my going to Scotland Yard, and also to the Treasury—Froggatt told me that he knew I was a witness about to give evidence in the case of Kurr, who had been apprehended on the Sunday previous, but he was a good fellow, that he was a Freemason in distress, and he asked me to assist him—I was a Freemason—I told him that Freemasonry was not intended to assist persons of that description, and that I could have nothing whatever to do with him—Froggatt said that he wished me to state that Kurr, whom I had identified the night before, was the wrong man—I told him that Kurr being a very tall man, and rather remarkable in appearance, whom I had seen from day to day for nearly a month, it was almost an impossibility to make a mistake; that Stenning had asked me at 11 o'clock that same morning to do the same thing, and had offered me any reasonable amount of money if I would do so; that I had declined his offer, and had communicated what had taken place to the Detective Department at Scotland Yard, and that I had been sent from Scotland Yard to the Treasury to state what had occurred there also—he said "Oh, never mind that, he is a good fellow, you must try and help him"—this conversation was in the street, a few yards from the doors of the police-court—just at that juncture Mr. Abrahams, a solicitor, passed with Superintendent Williamson—I followed Mr. Abrahams immediately into the Court, and Froggatt came after us—before I saw Mr. Abrahams and Mr. Williamson, Froggatt had asked me to accompany him to his office in Argyle Street—I said to him "I can go to no office, I do not even how who you are"—I never asked him his name, I had never seen him before—before he followed me into the Court he told me he would pay me' money to comply with his request, but mentioned no specific sum then—when he followed me into the Court the magistrate had not arrived, and he laid hold of my shoulder, and said "I want to speak to you, come along this passage;" that passage I afterwards found led from the Court to the gaoler's room, and the cells connected with the police-court—in that passage he said "I have instructed George Lewis to defend Kurr, let me go and tell him that you cannot identify Kurr, and for doing this I will give you 50l."—I said "This is impossible," and I left him and went into the Court—I saw Mr. Froggatt in conversation with Mr. George Lewis, and before Kurr had been brought into the dock, Mr. Lewis stated to the Magistrate that Kurr, he believed, had not been identified, and he wished to know whether it was so or not—the magistrate said "Let the prisoner to brought in, and we will see whether he can be identified"—Kurr was then brought in and I at once identified him—during the evidence given by the officers as to the time and. mode of Kurr's arrest, one of them stated that an attempt at rescue had been made by a person then in court, sitting immediately behind the prisoner in the dock—Mr. Newton, the magistrate, ordered him to sit on one side until he had heard the case out—ultimately Stenning was taken in charge, and evidence was given against him about his interview with me in the morning, and attempting to bribe me—afterwards a representation was made

against me by Mr. Froggatt—I was before the magistrate four or five times, but was never asked a single question as to money being offered—on none of these occasions did Mr. Froggatt ever suggest anything of the kind—I was afterwards examined as a witness against Stenning; I believe Mr. Froggatt appeared for him at the police-court, but am not quite sure—I know that no such question as that was ever suggested against me, or put to me in cross-examination—after I had given evidence against Stenning, and after his conviction, I was served with a summons charging me with perjury—this is the summons dated 9th February—I appeared in pursuance of that summons—the case was before the magistrate on two occasions—on the first occasion Mr. Montagu Williams opened the case, and when he had done so it was adjourned till the following Wednesday, or about six days after, and the case was dismissed.

JOSEPH DAVIE . I am clerk at Guildhall Police Court, and was present on 15th February on the hearing of the charge of perjury against Flinoff—I was also present on 21st February, and took notes—Mr. Froggatt, the now defendant, was examined as a witness, and cross-examined both on the 15th and 21st. (The depositions were then read.)

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I did not take down every word that Mr. Froggatt said, but what I thought material to the charge, which was the perjury by Flintoff—something was said about a journey to Scotland, that, of course, being included in the costs to be incurred.

GEORGE FLINTOFF (continued). I have heard the evidence read which I heard given against me by Froggatt—there is not a single word of truth in the suggestion that I sent my wife to him, nor in the evidence which has been read, from beginning to end, except the fact that we did meet in the street; and I should never have spoken at all, but he took an advantage, and gave me a masonic sign—I treat the notion with utter contempt.

Cross-examined by MR. COLLINS. I first knew that the gentleman I was speaking to was Mr. Froggatt when I went into the Court and Mr. Abrahams told me so—I never asked him his name—I never said that at the door of the Marlborough Street Police Court Stenning introduced me to Mr. Froggatt—Stenning did not speak, but slunk away like a dog—I saw Stenning on two occasions, first, when he passed up the street, and saw me standing there, he went up Argyle Street, and in ten minutes he came down again accompanied by another person, whom I afterwards found out to be Froggatt, and who came to the Court door—Stenning had preyiously seen me; he walked on; Froggatt beckoned to me, and said he wanted to speak to me—he was introduced to me in the way I have described—Stenning never opened his mouth to me about Froggatt—I told Froggatt that Stenning had been to me, and I had been to Scotland Yard an hour and a half afterwards, and also to the Treasury—after that he offered me 50l.; it was in a passage—I walked in at the door a couple of yards, and when I found what he was proposing to do I came out far quicker than I went in—I did not go into the cells, but into the passage—I heard Mr. Froggatt give his account of what took place with regard to the masonic sign—every word of it was false—I did not know a word about him when he made me this offer—I did not ask Stenning his name, or him either—I would not waste time with a man who tried to tempt me to do such a dishonourable thing—when Mr. Abrahams told me his

name, he told me also that he had rebuked him for tampering with his client, and Mr. Froggatt denied it—it was, perhaps, half an hour after I vent into Court before I knew what his name was—I did not see Mr. Lewis at the time I was talking to Froggatt—I was cross-examined once, I think, at Bow Street; Mr. Williams cross-examined me in Stenning's case—I was also cross-examined by Mr. Serjeant Parry at the trial of Benson and Kurr—it was not about the alleged interview with me and Mr. Froggatt (The witness's deposition was read to him)—on the 10th, when. I was further examined, I said "I did not know Mr. Froggatt before I was introduced to him"—the prisoner (that is, Henry Stenning) said to him, "This is Mr. Flintoff"—I was introduced in that name—I did not know Froggatt's name; I did not know who he was—Stenning spoke in a loud tone to somebody who I afterwards found to be Froggatt—Stenning did not say a word to me—I said it was my usage as a professional man to ask for a fee before I entered upon any duty whatever—I was not alluding particularly to the case; I was alluding to my practice as an engineer—at the trial of Stenning I said "I do not walk outside my door without something to fall back upon; I should require 5l. to come outside my door to see you"—I very likely said "I did not care a straw about furthering the ends of justice, and do not now"—that was because I knew that justice would take care of itself; it had done so before our time, and would after—I have read the reports and find them very imperfect—I never said that I was entitled to something, or "I live in hopes"—I sent in a bill to Messrs. Abrahams for expenses, 34l. or 36l.—I was paid a guinea a day for my time and what I spent—my expenses were 22l., so I did not get much out of it—I have to eat and drink as you have, and live and pay travelling expenses;. besides, I had to be carried into Court on the backs of persons, because I was suffering from gout—I was paid 34l.—neither I nor my wife or family have ever received one farthing for this trial—about six weeks after Benson and his party had left, someone came to the door of my place and asked if I had heard anything about Brooks and Co.—I said "I have made several inquiries about them"—he said "Yes, it is a pity to give you trouble; I will leave you a sovereign to drink Brooks' health"—I took it—I have been an engineer and lectured on gas-lighting since 3rd October, 1851—I was not connected with the Eupion Company, or any speculative gas companies—I formed the Sheffield Company in 1861—I have lectured in 200 towns in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and have never offended against the laws of my country—the only case against me was in the carrying out of this scheme, in which I lost my money—I was bankrupt in Ply-mouth in 1863, but did no dishonourable conduct—it is a very respect-able thing to be bankrupt—my liabilities were not 3,000l.—if you show any dishonourable conduct on my part, it does not matter to me—I never tad 30l. or 40l. worth of property put into a room for me—I have not been a bankrupt ten or twelve times, nor yet three times—I have been a bankrupt or liquidated in 1845, 1850, 1859, 1864, 1867, 1871, and 1872—I was arrested for a debt in 1859, but I never in my life made an assignment for the benefit of my creditors—when I was bankrupt in 1864 I did not owe a shilling—I made a composition in 1866, because the last bankruptcy was done improperly—I have compounded twice; I cannot tell you the dates—I have done all that the law required—I had 120l. liabilities, and my creditors met and agreed to a composition, and it was paid—that

is all I know about it—I cannot say whether I filed a petition in bankruptcy in 1872; it was much the same process—there has been no liquiddation and no bankruptcy since 1872.

Re-examined by the Solicitor-General. There has never been any charge against me of criminal misconduct—I have never been in a Court of law in my whole life—I was bankrupt in 1843; I was young, and was foolishly induced to bring out a weekly newspaper, and I failed—I am now in my 59th year—I had not capital to carry it on—my estate yielded about 688d. in the pound, and alter that I started in business in Fleet Street as a bookseller, and while I was there I was articled to Mr. Groves, of the City of London Gas Works, and under the advice of Dr. Andrew Ure, who was experimenting upon gas, I entered into articles with him, and ever since 3rd October, 1851, I have been practising that business, and have been engaged by over a dozen principal Corporations in Eng-ltnd, Scotland, and Ireland in improving gas, but with no juggle, no speculative scheme, merely showing how gas companies could get larger profits, and sell the article better, and I have succeeded—I never had anything to do with the Eupion or any dishonest company in my life—in 1864 I had signed a bill of exchange with a company of which I was the founder; one-third of the shares were sold, and 680l. was owing to me tor salary, and 4,000l. for drawing the specification—the company collapsed, and I lost the 680l. and the expenses, and having signed a bill of exchange for 100l. I was arrested, and had to go through the bankruptcy court, but I did not owe a shilling of personal liabilities—the next time was in consequence of being mixed up with the gas company in reducing the price of gas in London, and it saved London 800,000l. per annum—Mr. Froggatt did not know me, and he stated so in his evidence—I saw him just outside Marlborough Street Police Court, and Stenning with him—I had seen Stenning that morning—it was after Stenning and Froggatt had been together that Froggatt spoke to me—I know no other means by which Froggatt would know who I was, except through Stenning—I heard him mention my name, and it was after that he came and spoke to me—that was the only introduction I had—I knew that when the depositions were read to me—all these depositions are exceedingly vague, they don't give question and answer; the clerk takes down what he thinks is the effect of the evidence.

JOHN BOYD . I am superintendent of the City of Glasgow police—on 4th October, 1876, a letter signed by Inspector Clarke was received by Superintendent Browne, and handed to me to be attended to—in consequence of that letter I caused inquiries to be made that morning in Glasgow, and I telegraphed to Scotland Yard the same day the result of my inquiries—Drubcovich telegraphed that afternoon that he would leave for Glasgow, and he arrived the following morning, the 5th—I saw him, and in talking over the case, I said if he had sent a telegram instead of the letter we would have had Benson, or Coster, as he called himself—he said it was after bank hours before he received the necessary information, and that was the reason no telegram was sent.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. The banks at Glasgow close for business at three o'clock, but they are generally to be found in the banks until four o'clock—the police can get admittance to the bank at four o'clock—I have never been examined as a witness in this case before Drug covich came in shortly before ten on the morning of the 5th—I had

perhaps a quarter of an hour's talk with him—I had been to the bank, and afterwards saw the bank secretary on the day of sending the telegram, and I had been to McCrae's hotel, where Benson was staying, and I found the cabman who drove him—this is my telegram to Druscovich. (Read: "2.45, 4th October, from Superintendent Browne to Superintendent Williamson, Scotland Yard. Coster gives his address 12, Rue Pellettier, Paris—lodged notice referred to in yesterday's letter, on several occasions since Friday at Clydesdale branch of the bank, got 10,000l. in his favour, got payment in 100l. notes Clydesdale bank; numbers unknown; he with others supposed left last night nine o'clock for London, Midland route. Coster about 37, thin, large bushy black moustache, diamond studs and rings, gentlemanly appearance, looks like a Frenchman.") That was what I sent on the 4th at 3.15 as the result of my inquiries.

Re-examined by MR. GORST. I sent my information by telegram, and not by letter—it was followed by a letter, of course.

JOHN PORTER . I am a cabman, and drive a Hansom cab—at the end of the year 1876 I was working at a stand in Islington, and I used to drive a person whom I now know to be William Kurr—on two occasions I drove him in the autumn of last year to South Lambeth Road, and put him down at the farther end of the road, near the Clapham Road—I do not remember what day of the week it was—I remember driving him to Westminster one day, in the evening—I drove to the corner of Great College Street, where I set him down—he walked down Great College Street on the near side—I waited for him about half an hour—I took him back to 29, Marquess Road after that—I took him to the same place about a fortnight afterwards in the evening—I waited for him from half to three-quarters of an hour, and afterwards drove him back to Marquess Road—I drove him to South Lambeth Road before driving him to College Street.

GEORGE WOLFE . I was a clerk in Meiklejohn's office at Derby last year—I remember a telegram coming for him which I opened—it was shortly after he came down to Derby with his family—(Mr. Cowie called for the telegram, but it was not produced)—I opened it and read it, and then gave it to Meiklejohn—the name of the sender of the telegram was Gifford, and it was sent from the Charing Cross office—I asked Meiklejohn if I should reply to it, and he said "No"—I remember a person calling to see Meiklejohn on that day—he gave the name of Gifford—it was about one o'clock—Meiklejohn was not in—he returned to the office about three o'clock, and saw Gifford; they shook hands together—I do not know that Gifford is the same person as "William Kurr—I have not seen the convict Kurr—Meiklejohn and Gifford went out of the office together, leaving me there.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. It was a common thing for me to open telegrams addressed to Meiklejohn—there was no secret about it—Meiklejohn did not mention to me that he expected some information about a robbery—there were many investigations about robberies on the line.

CHARLES HOLE . I am a detective policeman stationed at the Midland Station at Manchester—I met Meiklejohn by appointment on the 26th October last year at Manchester—he came in by the train from Derby—he said he had come with a friend as far as Matlock, who had got out there, having come with him from London on the previous evening and

breakfasted with him that morning—he asked me where he could chance a 100l. Scotch note, and I told him I did not exactly know—we went in search of a place, and ultimately found Mr. Nash's, in King Street—Meiklejohn went in by himself, and when he came out he said, "What b—y fools they are"—I said, "Why, sir?"—he replied, "Because they asked me my name, and I gave them some name in London"—I forget now what it was; but it was not his own.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. He told me this without my asking him any questions—he was laughing, and said it in a chaffing kind of way—he said, "I have had some transactions with my brother about some property, and I want to change a 100l. note"—he said that on the journey before he went in to Mr. Nash's, and then he came out laughing.

THOMAS BENNETT NASH . I am a banker at 82, King Street, Manchester—on 20th October last Meiklejohn came to change a 100l. Scotch note—he said he had a 100l. Clydesdale bank note and he wanted cash for it—I asked him if he was travelling—he said he was—I asked him for his name and address, and he gave "J. Turner, Piccadilly, London"—I gave him cash for the note—I have a note of the number of it, "A C, 302," which I took at the time.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I charged him 7s. 6d. for changing it—I paid him the full amount in Bank of England notes.

EMMA HALLAM . I am a waitress at the New Bath Hotel, Matlock Baths—I remember a gentleman staying at our hotel with his French valet on 20th October last year—I now know him to be the convict Benson—he frequently went to Derby by train—a lady and gentleman came to dine with him on Sunday, 22nd October—I can't say who the gentleman was—I waited upon them—I did not hear the gentleman say where he had come from.

Thursday, November 6th.

HENRY CARR . I am superintendent of the detective police of the Midland Railway at Derby—in October, 1876, I was chief inspector of the same department—Meiklejohn came to take charge of the office in September—I knew the convict Benson by sight, and I saw him several times with Meiklejohn in September, 1876—he then passed by the name of Yonge—he came into the office; and, if Meiklejohn was there at the time, he got up and went out with him—when Meiklejohn was out Yonge simply said, "Tell him Mr. Yonge called:" and I reported this to Meiklejohn when he returned—I remember Meiklejohn saying that he first met Yonge at Melbourne, when he went out there on a case, and that some. time after his return home he met him at the Langham Hotel, London—Meiklejohn told me that he was a perfect gentleman, that he frequently dined with the Lord Mayor, and attended his banquets—at that time he was staying at Matlock—Meiklejohn told me one morning in October, last year, that he and his wife had gone to Matlock the previous day, which would be Sunday, that they had driven over there, and had a "champagne dinner" with Mr. Yonge—in the course of my business at Derby I had to open telegrams when Meiklejohn was absent—during his absence on one occasion I opened a telegram purporting to come from a person named "Gifford," London—I cannot fix the date—the purport of it was: "I leavo here by such a train. Meet me at Derby"—when I handed that telegram to Meiklejohn I said, "Here is a telegram from Gifford—who

is Gifford?"—he said, "He is a friend of mine"—I said "Oh, I thought it was a business telegram"—Meiklejohn went away from Derby that day—he went by the 5.15 train to London—I went to Leeds with Meiklejohn on the 24th October to introduce him to the officers of the department there—I introduced him to Detective Blagg—at Leeds Meiklejohn said, "Do you know, Mr. Carr, where I can change a 100l. Scotch bank-none? "—I said, "No, I don't, but perhaps Mr. Blagg does"—I asked Blagg, and he said he thought he did—we all three went together to Mr. Cowborough's, a wine and spirit merchant, who changed the note.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I know Derby well—there are no money-changers at Derby—in the ordinary course of business at Derby if Meiklejohn was away when telegrams arrived I would open them—I did open them—there was no secrecy about the telegrams.

JOHN BLAGG . I am employed in the detective department of the Midland Railway at Leeds—I met Carr and Meiklejohn at Leeds on 24th October last year, Meiklejohn gave me a Clydesdale bank-note for 100l.—I took it to Mr. Cowborough's, made a communication to him, and afterwards went with Meiklejohn to him, when he handed over the change to Meiklejohn.

HENRY COWBOROUGH . I am a wine merchant at Leeds—on the 24th October last year I changed a 100l. Scotch note for Meiklejohn.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. Meiklejohn gave me his card with Ms own name on it—"Meiklejohn, Superintendent of the Detective Department, Midland Railway, Derby."

MORGAN LEWIS . I am a detective officer, and clerk in the detective department of the Leeds police—on the 25th October last year I wrote a letter and addressed it to Superintendent Williamson, Detective Department, Scotland Yard, London—I wrote it by the instructions of Mr. Henderson, and posted it—I kept a copy of it. (The letter was called for, but was not produced.)

SUPERINTENDENT WILLIAMSON (re-examined). Search has been made at Scotland Yard for a letter addressed to myself by Superintendent Henderson, of the Leeds police, and dated Leeds, Oct. 25, but no such letter has been found—I was not in London on the 26th October—the officer in charge of the office at the time would open any letters addressed to me.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I am often considered to be on duty at the office, when I am in fact absent attending to matters of business at the courts—on the occasion when I was attending at the Bow Street Police-court, I was considered to be in charge of the office—nominally I was in charge of the office, when I was in fact away three or four hours at a time—in that case the letters or telegrams would be opened by one of the clerks, or by the officer in charge.

MORGAN LEWIS (re-examined). I have a press copy of the letter which was sent. (Read: "25th Oct., 1876. Sir,—I am directed by the Chief Constable to inform you that we have warned all the bankers, &c., of the 100l. notes mentioned in your bill of the 23rd inst. All that we have been able to ascertain up to the present is that yesterday a Clydesdale bank note for 100l. was paid by Mr. Cow borough, a wine merchant here, into the Yorkshire Company's Bank. Mr. Cowborough states that he received that note from Mr. Meiklejohn, superintendent at the Midland Railway."

WILLIAM POYSER . I am the landlord of the Pine Apple, Leverton

Street, Kentish Town—I recollect on the Friday or Saturday of Newmarket race week last year some gentlemen coming into my private bar it was the October race meeting—I should not like to swear that any of the prisoners at the bar were among them—I fancy I have seen those two (Froggatt and Druscovich)—I had never seen them before, nor have 1 since—they were conversing, and I heard the word "Newmarket" mentioned, and while serving them I said "Have you been to Newmarket?" They said "No, the new cattle market." I then said "I ask your pardon"—I could see I was not wanted—my attention has never been called to this till last Friday—my house is near the Midland Station, the first turning on the left up the Layton Road in Leverton Street, and my house is the only public-house in the street.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I have read some portions of the newspaper reports of this case—I saw what Kurr said about my plate, and that he said it was at the first turning on the left up the Layton Road—that is the fact—I saw his evidence in the papers.

FRANCIS RICHARD MORRIS . In October and November of last year I was a salesman at Benson's, the jewellers, Ludgate Hill—I have here a sale-note in my handwriting referring to a purchase made at Benson's on the 1st of November, 1876—I cannot say I have any recollection of the person who made the purchase, it is so long ago—the articles purchased were a carbuncle and diamond locket and necklet, value 20l.—it is here marked.

ISABELLA ANDERSON . I am the wife of Alexander Anderson, the proprietor of the Queen's Hotel, Bridge of Allan, near Stirling—in the month of November, 1876, I remember visitors of the names of yonge and Gifford—they came on the 3rd of November and stayed till the evening of the 10th—my husband is not in town—he is very unwell, he is not ble to come—I think my visitors received more than one telegram on the 10th of November—I know they received one in the evening—I distinctly remember their leaving—they did not give notice till about about half an hour before, I fancy—on the day after they left I saw Druscovich at my house he came between three and four o'clock—he asked me if there was a gentleman, or if we had had a gentleman in the hotel of the name of Coster—I said no, we had not had any gentleman of that name in the house that I had heard of, and I referred him to the barmaid, who said the same—I asked him when the gentleman had been there, and he said that same week—I asked him what he was like; he said he was very tall, slight made, and dark whiskers, very dark eyes, and foreign appearance—he said he would be lame, and walked with two sticks—he said he was an Englishman—I pointed to the visitors' book. and told him that the names of all the visitors who had been in the house that week were in the book—the visitors' book contained the names of Yonge and Gifford, and was lying open, but he did not look at it—he said he had seen the local paper, but could not find the name he wanted—I replied that all the names were not put in that paper—he stayed not more than ten minutes—when he was going one of the waiters was coming downstairs, and I said to him "This gentleman is asking after a person of the name of Coster," and the waiter replied that all the names of the visitors were in the book—Druscovich said it was no use to look at that, and went away thanking me—he did not say what Coster was wanted for, or who he was—I saw Druscovich next on Wednesday evening, the 15th of November

—he came with Mr. Monteith, the manager of the Clydesdale Bank, Alloa branch—they came into the bar parlour with my husband—Druacovich looked to my husband, as far as I can recollect, and said "I think you might have given me mure information on Monday than you did," or something to that effect—I had not seen him on Monday—I did not hear what was said in reply, because I was looking at Druacovich to see if he was the man who had called on Saturday—there was nothing peculiar in his appearance, but he was looking rather fatigued, and not quite so bright as when I had seen him before—I asked him if he was the person who had called on Saturday, and he said he was—I said he could-not say that I did not give him all the information he wanted, that if he had told me who he was and what he wanted, I would have given him every information—he said "I know I was a little remiss in my questions on Saturday, but I thought I had the man I wanted at the hydropathic establishment"—two other officers called at my house, one of whom was from Glasgow, and the other, I believe, from Edinburgh—I think I mentioned to Druscovich that they had called, and what they came about—we gave every information, but we never suspected the men—Druscovich made some remarks about leaving something in a portmanteau, but I do not remember now what it was—at that time we had about five or six letters addressed to the people who had left on the 10th, and they were handed to Druscovich either by my husband or myself—on Monday, the 13th, upon reading something in the newspapers, I telegraphed to Scotland Yard to Mr. Superintendent Williamson—I think Druscovich asked for the letters—I think he must have known that they were there—he came to the hotel at a little past eight o'clock, and remained a considerable time—Yonge had a French servant with him, and a letter came addressed to him—that letter was handed to Druscovich also—when I saw Druscovich on Wednesday, he talked about the fraud, but I do not recollect anything being said about the Clydesdale Bank.

SUPERINTENDENT WILLIAMSON (re-examined). This letter is in Druscovich's writing. (Read: "Scotland Yard, Friday, Nov. 16, 1876. Sir,—There is no one in the office who knows Yonge; therefore, I start myself to-night. Telegraph to the cabman, M'Nab, to meet in the morning."—Yours obediently, N. D."

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. Druscovich first came to the hotel on Saturday, the 11th of November—he came there between three and four o'clock in the day—when he arrived on the Saturday he did not tell me that he was a police-officer, or that the inquiries he was making about the people had any reference to a fraud committed by them—he did not on that occasion mention the name of Elliot or Jackson, but I think he did mention the name of Jackson on the 15th—there is an inn at the Bridge of Allan called the Lady of the Lake; but I do not know one called the Talbot—I believe Druscovich came to the hotel before eight o'clock in "the morning on the Monday—on the 15th, when he came, it was past eight o'clock, and he was introduced to me then as Mr. Druscovich by Mr. Monteith—I know that Druscovich was an inspector of police—a list of the visitors to the Bridge of Allan is published in a weekly newspaper which comes out on the Saturday.

Cross-examined by MR. BESLEY. Benson, while staying at the hotel, had private rooms—I think he dined about six on the 10th—when he left on the Friday night he said that he would return on the Monday, and that

I was to keep any letters or telegrams for him which might come to hand—he left about 10.30, his servant with him.

EDWARD SAYER . I am an inspector of the defective department at Scotland Yard—I searched the house occupied by Druscovich, and found several documents in it—I took Possession of a tin box containing some hundreds, and gave it to my superintendent. (Looking at some telegram) I cannot positively identify these as amongst those which I found—there were some documents which were not in the tin box, and these I marked with my initials—some he had in his possession and some were in a cupboard in the front parlour.

SUPERINTENDENT WILLIAMSON (re-examined). These were found in Druscovich's desk at the office. (Read: 15th Nov., 1876, from Messrs. Abrahams and Roffry to Inspector Druscovich, at the Glasgow Police Office:—"Have you obtained letters from Bridge of Allan? Follow up clues from them. Thieves must be in neighbourhood. 'He' is really a cripple, being Benson, who burned himself in Newgate. Certain.")

EDWARD SAYER (Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT). The tin box contained a great many documents relating to various cases in which he had been employed—I believe they have all been gone through, docketed, and numbered.

JAMES FAICHNEY . I am a police-constable stationed at Bridge of Allan—I remember Druscovich calling upon me about four o'clock on Saturday afternoon, the 11th of November last—he said he had come from Edinburgh—he told me there had been a fraud committed in London, and mentioned the name of Jackson in connection with it—lie gave me a description of the person who had committed the fraud—he said he was a lame man, walking with two sticks, and was about thirty-five rears of age—he also told me that he had already made inquiries at all the hotels in the place, but could get no information; and I suggested that he should make inquiries at the hydropathic establishment and other places—on the Saturday I myself went and made some inquiries from the man at the station, and obtained certain information from him—Druscovich had not asked me to do so—I afterwards went with the station-master and communicated to Druscovich the information I had receivedhe was in bed at the time we called; but we roused him, and he got up—we told him that a man answering the description he had given had been seen at the station along with Meiklejohn; and that some telegraphic messages had Passed between the perpetrators of the fraud and the police officers in Glasgow—he did not appear to take much notice of it—he did not say whether the son-in-law of the landlord of the Lady of the Lake hotel had told him anything—he did not say whether he had learned anything about the Scotch notes—I suggested that he should go to Green Loaming, but he said he did not think that it would be of any use—I saw him on the Monday morning, and he said he was going on to Perth—I saw him on his return, when he was passing through the railway station—he then said he felt certain that the parties he was in search of had been at the Bridge of Allan.

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. The distance from the Bridge of Allan to Green Loaming is about twelve miles—Green Loaming is Meiklejohn's native place.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. On the Saturday Druscovich first saw

me about four o'clock in the afternoon—I went into a public-house with him and M'Nab—he did not pull out of his pocket a printed report of the information upon which the warrants had been granted, and read the names and descriptions of the parties—he did not show me the information he mentioned semething about having warrants, and said he would show them to me at some other time, but he did not—he said first of all that he thought the people he was in search of had been stopping at the Queen's Hotel, but after making inquiries he did not think they had been there—he also said he was under the impression that the man he wanted might be at the hydropathic establishment—Druscovich appeared to be very tired; he complained of illness and fatigue—I remember on the Saturday afternoon Druscovich, M'Nab, and myself going to the hydropathic establishment—we inquired for a man of the name of Jackson—we ascertained that he had been staying there for a couple of days, but had left suddenly on the Wednesday previously, without taking his luggage with him—the proprietor of the hydropathic establishment declined to allow us to see the luggage until the next day—that evening Drus Covich said to me "You had better be careful how you make inquiries "—there was an officer in our force named Campbell, the chief constable—Campbell is also the name of the station-master, and he was to be used for the purpose of making inquiries—on the Sunday morning I saw Druscovich, and I went to the hydropathic establishment with him—the proprietor said that he could not show us the luggage then as all his lodgers were about, but that if we called at seven o'clock the next morning we should see it—on Sunday night Campbell, the station-master, said he thought that two of the people we wanted had gone north—I know that M'Nab and Druscovich went to Stirling that afternoon; the distance is about three miles—they returned at" about eight o'clock in the evening—that evening Druscovich was informed in my presence that two of the parties he was in search of had taken tickets for Perth at 10.20 on the Friday night, and that one of them went south the same evening—I remember some conversation about their having gone south—I heard Campbell say he was sure they had not, but they might by an early train in the morning—at eight o'clock on the morning of the 13th I think I went to the hydropathic establishment with M'Nab and Druscovich—I think Druscovich told me so later in the day—if the person came back for his luggage I was to be immediately informed—I'don't think I went to see the 7.40 a.m. train for the south, stop at the Bridge of Allan station on Monday morning—Druscovich went to Perth between two and three o'clock—he came to me when I was in bed at my own house—I do not remember his telling me to telegraph to him at the Police Chambers, Edinburgh, if anything further transpired—I received a telegram from Him in the fore part of the Tuesday—I have not got it, I think it was destroyed—I had telegraphed to him that the man Jackson was a spirit merchant, of Glasgow, and that his family was respectable—he telegraphed back to me to make further inquiries about Jackson, and telegraph back—I saw Druscovich again on Wednesday, the 13th, between ten and eleven o'clock, and he left on the next morning—I do not know where for.

Re-examined by MR. GORST. He never mentioned to me the name of Yonge.

JAMES CAMPBELL . I am the station-master at Bridge of Allan—I remember Faichney coming to me on Sunday evening, 12th Nov. last—

I went with him to the Lady of the Lake Hotel, and there found Druscovich—no inquiries were made to me about Druscovich previous to that—it was about ten o'clock; Druscovich was in bed; we had some difficulty in rousing him—he got up, but did not dress—I told him that I had found out from inquiries that I had seen Meiklejohn on Monday, the 6th, with the convicts Kurr and Benson—I called them Gifford and Yonge—the reason I knew Yonge was, I was at the hotel, and it was through a gentleman losing his box between King's Cross and Bridge of Allan—I told this to Druscovich, and that they came on the 3rd—I said "Mr. Anderson, of the Queen's Hotel, has been making inquiries about the box, and asking my advice as to how we should recover it"—I told him that I had seen them twice with Meiklejohn, at the hotel and on the following morning—I told Druscovich on the Sunday night that from the fact of Meiklejohn being in Yonge's company. through Yonge's description, which was given in the Evening Citizen of November 9, I believed he was the same party—the Evening Citizen is a Glasgow paper, which had a description of this man who every one was looking for—I had seen it, and told Druscovich that, from the description, I believed he was the man—I told him they had dispatched two telegrams; Meiklejohn came into the office with them, and asked for two message-forms, which they were provided with—I don't recollect whether I told him to whom they had sent the telegrams on those forms; I told him they had used them—copies of the messages were kept at the station until they were dispatched to the post-office—on the Sunday night and on Monday, the 13th, they were at the station, and could have been seen—I saw Druscovich on the Monday morning at half-past seven, and said I had traced two parties having booked by the late train and proceeded on the Friday night to Perth with a first and second-class ticket, being the same train as Benson and his servant trave led by to Bridge of Allan, and I believed they were the same parties, as they were the only two passengers that night by that train—I did not see the other man—previous to seeing Druscovich on the Sunday night I had made inquiries of the waiter of the Queen's Hotel about the box—he said he had heard they had driven to Dumblane, and had dined there on the Sunday—I told this to Druscovich, and advised him to go to Green Loaming—he said "That is of no use, that is no good"—he told me on the Sunday that he purposed going to Edinburgh, and he asked to see me on the Monday morning—I recommended him on the Monday morning to go to Mr. Anderson—I afterwards saw him at the railway-station, and after he had been to Mr. Anderson he said he could get no information—after that, on the Monday, he went to Perth and returned the same day—he left Perth by the 5.55 train and arrived at Bridge of Allan about twelve—he saw me at the station when he came back, and said he had traced the parties to Perth and no farther—I don't think anything more was said about the telegrams that had been sent—I know the address to which they had been sent, but I don't recollect if I told him—I haven't got a copy of the telegrams—I saw him again on Wednesday, 15th November—in the course of conversation he said that he had got the letters that were lying at the Queen's Hotel—I said that it was curious that swindlers could so easily get away in one day; they left on the Friday night, and he came on the Saturday—he remarked "This is not the first place that has been done at;" then I said " Has it not occurred to you that Meikle

john being in their company, that they are in possession of official information to so avoid you?"—he said "Well, Meiklejohn is a brother official; and I should not like to injure his character," or words to that effect, "without having proper cause or reasons."

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I do not recollect whether Druscovich said when I suggested he should go to Green Loaming "I do not think it is of any use going there; of course the parties are not likely to return to a place they have recently visited"—I will not swear that such a thing was not said—I did not know that he telegraphed to Williamson on the Saturday, or that on the Monday morning he telegraphed to Meiklejohn—our telegraph office is not open on Sunday—he might have telegraphed from the post-office—that is the principal office.

Re-examined. Druscovich gave no reason whatever for not going to Green Loaming—he just said "It is no use, no good," that was the only reason.

ALEXANDER MONTEITH . I am an agent for the Clydesdale Bank at Alloa, and was for some considerable time acquainted with Meiklejohn—on 4th Nov. I found a card, and in consequence of that I went to the Queen's Hotel the next day—I did not see Meiklejohn that day, but on the Monday morning he told me that he was going to Derby that morning—I don't think he said anything about the persons with whom he had been or about the business—I had never had any communication with him—Benson produced this card. (Read: "Mr. John Meiklejohn, Inspector of Detective Police, Great Scotland Yard, S. W. Sunday, 4th Nov. Dear Sir,—This will introduce to you Mr. Yonge, of Melbourne. Yours, John Meiklejohn.") After this matter was all disclosed, and Yonge's or Benson's true character known, I received this letter from Meiklejohn explaining his connection with him. (This was the letter of 29th Nov., 1876, already alluded to, from Meiklejohn to the witness, explaining his introduction of Benson.)

Cross-examined by MR. WILLIAMS. I have known him for a considerable time—his home is at Green Loaming, about seven miles from Bridge of Allan—the accounts opened by Kurr and Benson were not all in Clydesdale bank notes—there were about 1700l. in Clydesdale notes, and 900l. City of Glasgow bank notes—Benson opened his account on 7th November, and Kurr on the 9th—Benson introduced Kurr to me.

Cross-examined by MR. STRAIGHT. I went on the 15th to the hotel of Mr. Anderson, and met Druscovich there—I was present while he was there with Mr. Anderson—I do not know what he may have said to him—I don't think I saw any letters given.

EDMUND STANNARD . I drive a cab, No. 19, and ply at the Midland Railway, St. Pancras station—I was there on the morning of 4th October, and took a fare to Newington—I put down my fare there and the luggage, and was paid—I saw Mr. Abrahams afterwards, and told him the house where I put down the fare—no inquiry was made of me by any one but Mr. Abrahams.