Old Bailey Proceedings.
22nd February 1781
Reference Number: 17810222

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
22nd February 1781
Reference Numberf17810222-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Thursday the 22d of February, 1781, and the following Days;

Being the THIRD SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble. Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.




Printed for JOSEPH GURNEY (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar.



KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR of the City of London; The Hon. Sir HENRY GOULD , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; The Hon. EDWARD WILLES , Esq. and the Hon. FRANCIS BULLER , Esq. two of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; JAMES ADAIR , Serjeant at Law, Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

William Jennings

William Dyer

Thomas Lancaster

William Jewell

John Bidder

Robert Lloyd

Thomas Nichols

Henry Brind

Robert Wyatt

Thomas Taylor

Thomas Woolliscraft

John Ferritt

First Middlesex Jury.

Samuel Harman

John Braver

James Drawater

John Biddell

Timothy Birchmore

Joseph Nourse

Joseph Tett

Thomas Wooloton

Matthew Denton

Samuel Norgrave

John Masson

William Massey

Second Middlesex Jury.

George Ward

William Hawthorn

James Linton

John Williams

William Sparrow

John Pittaway

John Roper

Thomas Simons

John Quick

Robert Morley

Edward Davis

George Griffith

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-1
VerdictNot Guilty

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117, 118, 119, 120, 121. WILLIAM RUSSELL , WILLIAM TOWNSEND , EDMUND POWELL , WILLIAM MILBOURNE and JOHN COLLETT were indicted for that they on the king's highway in and upon John Thompson feloniously did make an assault putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person, a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. an iron tobacco box, value 6 d. a pair of woollen gloves, value 6 d. and 2 s. in monies, numbered , the property of the said John Thompson , Jan. 24th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)


On the 24th of January, between ten and eleven at night, as I was coming towards London, near the Red Lion, four men met me.

Did you observe any more than those four? - Yes; there were six; but I cannot speak to more of their persons than four; they met me, they got round me and hustled me and put my hat over my face; I endeavoured to turn my head on one side to see what they were going to do to me, upon which Milbourne d - d me and struck me on the small of my back with a cutlass. They afterwards asked me if I had a watch.

Which of them asked that? - I cannot tell; I said I had not; one of them came on one side of me, another came on the other, and thrust their hands into my pockets I cannot say which of them did that; they took out one shilling and two sixpences, and seven pence in halfpence and a key; they d - d my eyes and gave me the key back again. They took a linen pocket handkerchief, a pair of mitts, and a tobacco box. Milbourne pricked my back twice with the cutlass, not to wound me, but he drew blood; he did it violently; he d - d my eyes and said if I did not stand still he would run me through. My coat and jacket were hanging loose; he stood over me with the hanger while the others went off.

How long did they stay with you? - I cannot justly say; it was a considerable time before they left me; it might be ten minutes or something less.

Had you ever seen any of the men before? - Two of them I had seen in the field before, but not to know them.

Had you ever seen Milbourne before? - No.

When did you see him afterwards? - The next day at Sir John Fielding's office.

Was it a light or dark night? - It was a dark night.

What coloured clothes had Milbourne on? - A dark coloured great-coat, I cannot be positive to any other part of his dress.

With the hat pulled over your eyes in a dark night could you observe a man's face so as to know him? - I saw them before they put the hat over my eyes; two of them passed me before the others came up.

What opportunity had you of observing Milbourne before the hat was drawn over your face? - By his coming up close to the post I saw him by the light of the lamp; it was not above two yards from the lamp; I saw them very plain as they came to me.

Without the lamp it would not have been light enough to have known them? - Without the lamp I should not have known them it being a dark night.

How long had you an opportunity of observing them before they put the hat over your eyes? - Two or three minutes; I observed them all before they put the hat over my eyes; they hustled me up to the window-shutter before they put the hat over my eyes.

Upon your oath had you an opportunity by the light you then had to know Milbourne's face, so as to swear positively to him again? - I had.

Do you know him now to be the same man? - I do know him to be the same man.

Have you any doubt of it? - No; I have no doubt of his being the man, else I should not have come here.

Did you know any of the other five men who were concerned in the business? - I know these two (pointing out Powell and Russell) I do not know their names.

Are you sure you know these two men whose names you find to be Russell and Powell? - Yes; I saw them in the fields about three weeks before.

What led you to observe them three weeks before? - They had robbed a person that evening; I went out that evening with another person to see if I could find them.

When did you first observe them when the six men first came up? - They were the men that first came up and passed me.

When they passed you that night did you know them to be the two men you had seen in the field before? - I cannot say I took that particular notice.

What did they do in this business? - They came up to the post and met the others that were coming.

Did they do any thing? - They were along with them when they hustled me together.

Did you see these two men do any thing, or hear them say any thing? - Only Powell saying this is Tom.

You did not see them do any thing, or hear them say any thing relating to the robbery? - When they spoke they spoke alltogether.

Did you see these two men come back before the hat was pulled over your face? - Yes; one of them laid hold of my coat before the others came up.

Are you sure one of those laid hold of your coat? - Yes; and walked with me up to the post.

How far was that? - Not two yards.

Are you positive they laid hold of your coat? - I am almost sure.

Are you positive or not? - I had rather decline it.

When did you see these men afterwards? - The next day; I saw them all at Sir John Fielding 's.

When did you first recollect having seen them in the fields? - When I came to Sir John Fielding 's.

When you saw them the next day at Sir John Fielding 's, you then for the first time knew they were the men you had seen in the fields? - No, I did not think that connected with their robbing me; I knew they were the men that robbed me.

If it is true that you saw them in the fields at all; when did you first know them to be the men you had seen in the fields? - When I saw them at Sir John Fielding 's.

Had you seen them in the fields? - Yes; not to be positive to swear to them.

Will you swear they are the men you had seen in the fields? - I will not swear it.

Do you know they are two of the men who had stopped you that night? - Yes.

What opportunity had you of observing them that night? - I saw them by the lamp as they passed me; they looked in my face and said this is Tom.

Have you any doubt whether they are two of the men who stopped you that night? - I have no doubt at all else I would not come here.

Then from seeing these men pass by the light of that lamp you take upon yourself to swear positively they are two of the six men who stopped you? - Yes.

Do you know any of the other prisoners? - Yes; Milbourne and Collet; they said this is Will; we will have him; they were the next that came up.

When did you first see Collett? - I saw Collett come up to the post before they hustled me.

Was it he or Milbourne said, this is Will we will have him? - I think it was not Milbourne it was Collett.

Did Collett do or say any thing else? - He joined in hustling me up.

But he did not do any thing in particular? - Not that I am positive of; they were all together.

Had you no other opportunity of observing him than while they came and while they were hustling you? - I saw him come through the posts, and then they hustled me to the window shutter.

Do you know any other of the men? - I am not positive to any more than those four.

Are you positive to Collet? - I am positive.

Are you equally certain as to the other? - Equally.

Russell. I never saw him till I saw him at Bow-street; why did he not swear to me when he came into the room and first saw me; he said then he knew nothing of me.

Did you swear to Russell the first time you saw him? - No; I did not swear to any of them till the next day.

How happened it you did not swear to any of them that night? - I was cautious and desired to see them another time before I swore to them; I wished to be positive in my own mind they were the men.

The first night you was not positive to them? - Yes; I was as positive the first night as on the Monday; the first night was on Thursday; they were brought up on the Monday after.

How came you to have such a doubt on your mind as not to swear to the men on Thursday - I wished to be more certain in my mind.

You wished to be more certain? - I had any manner of doubt at that time.

You wished to be more certain, that im-es some manner of doubt; did you say at the ce that night you did not know Russell? - No; I did not.

Powell. He said he did not know me on Thursday, on the Monday he swore to us. I did not say any such thing.


I was at the apprehending of the prisoners. found this cutlass (producing it) on Milbourne.

To Thompson. You cannot I suppose take upon yourself to swear to the cutlass Milbourne had? - No.

Carpmeal. I found this pocket pistol ( producing it) upon Collett. It is loaded.

Was you present at the first examination on the Thursday? - Yes.

Did Thompson then take upon him to know my of the prisoners? - He pointed out Powell immediately as the first man that came up to him and stopped him.

Did he that evening declare his knowledge of any of the other prisoners? - I do not remember that he did on the Thursday evening; he did but just see them I believe that evening.

What was the reason he did not swear to them that evening? - He said he believed them all to be the people; he spoke to Milbourne as the second man that came up to him, and particularly pointed him out as having the cutlass; he said two came up first and then two more, and took him over to the lamp.

He said he believed them all to be the men? - Yes; that was by candle light.

Respecting these two he declared the positive knowledge, or only that he believed they were the men? - He spoke positive to those two, and believed the others to be the men.

He said he believed all of them that were there were the men? - Yes.

Was Townsend there that night? - They were all there.

Then he included him in his belief? - He said all of them.

Did he speak positive to Powell and Milbourne? - Yes; more positive to Powell than to Milbourne.

When he came up to the examination again on Monday what account did he give? - They were all put up to the bar together; there was another put up that he did not swear to. The justice desired him to touch those he knew; he touched Powell first; then he touched Milbourne, he said he was the man who had the cutlass; that he believed Russell was one; he said Powell and Townsend were the two first who came up, and Milbourne and Russell were the two next.

What did he say respecting Collett? - He did not speak positively as to him; he believed him to be one of them.

Did he speak positively to any but Powell and Milbourne? - Not so positive to any of the rest as to them.

Milbourne. I beg your lordship will ask what Thompson said about the hat.

Court. What did Thompson say about the hat on Monday or Thursday? - He said the first two came up to him and said this is Tom we will have him; that the other two came up and Milbourne struck him on the back with a cutlass, and then after that they pulled his hat over his eyes.


I have nothing to say in my defence; only to ask him whether he found any thing upon me.


I was at the Queen's Head, the corner of St. John's-Lane, I staid there till ten o'clock, and had such an hoarseness upon me that I could not make any body hear me; I left that place at half after ten o'clock and went home to bed directly. I never robbed a man in my life, I have witnesses to prove where I was.

What are their names? - I don't know, they are quite strangers to me; the subpoenas were only got this morning, I know them by sight being in the house two or three times; I directed the subpoenas for the people that were in that house in company with me; my brother said he would go to the Queen's Head and ask all their names.

For Powell.

GUY RALPH sworn.

I keep the sign of the Queen's Head at the corner of St. John's-Lane, Hick's-hall; I was subpoenaed for Powell and another of the prisoners by Powell's brother.

Were other witnes ses subpoenaed too? - Yes; five more; they who were in the house at the same time these two young men were there; (pointing to Townsend and Powell.)

Were any enquiries made of you respecting them? - Yes; his father came to my house, and enquired if they had been at my house and how they behaved in the house; and if I knew any thing bad of them.

Did he make any enquiry about any body else? - None but those two.

He did not ask you any questions about any other persons being there? - No.

Nor who had been there? - No.

Do you know how the other people came to be subpoenaed? - On account of their having been in my house at the time the young men were there.

Who knew they were there? - They gave the account themselves to Townsend's father the next morning.

Who was the person that subpoenaed the witnesses? - One Mr. Wakeley, by order of the brother I believe.

Is that brother here? - I believe he is.

When did the father speak to you - He has been at my house this morning.

When did he first speak to you? - A day or two after he was taken up.

Did he make any enquiry who was in the house? - Yes; I told him those two men.

Who gave the names of the witnesses to be subpoenaed? - I did.

Did any person ask you the names of the persons who were in the house? - Townsend's father about five or six days ago; he asked me the names and I gave him the names down.

What day was it Townsend and Powell were in your house? - I cannot say whether it was the 24th of January or not, it was upon the Wednesday.

Do you know when the prisoners were taken up? - No; I heard it was on the Thursday; I heard, about three days after they had been at my house, that they were taken up.

Was it on the Wednesday before you heard they were taken up that they were at your house? - I believe it was; I cannot be sure to the day of the month.

Are you sure it was Wednesday? - I believe it was on Wednesday; I put it down when I heard they were taken up, but I have not the memorandum here.

How came you not to bring it? - I looked for it a few days ago but could not find it.

Can you take upon your memory to say what day of the week it was they were at your house? - I really believe it was on a Wenesday; I cannot be sure of it.


I was subpoenaed on behalf of Powell and Townsend by Powell's brother.

How came you to be subpoenaed on their behalf? - Because I was at that house the same time that his brother was; I was sent to the next day by Powell's brother.

Was Powell's brother in company with you the night before? - Yes; it was on Wednesday the 24th of January; I remarked it when I was sent to the next day.

Where were you in company with him? - At the sign of the Queen Elisabeth's Head, the corner of St. John's-street, opposite Hick's-hall, my brother, John Wakeley , John Galbraith and two young women were in company.

Are the young women here? - Yes.

Was you there before they came in? - I believe I was there an hour and an half before they came in; they came in about ten minutes or a quarter after nine, and staid till within five or ten minutes of eleven.

Did they join company with you? - Yes; they were in the same box.

Had you known them before? - Yes; I had seen them before.

Was your brother acquainted with any of them? - No; I believe not.

Did you drink pretty freely together? - no; we had only two pots of half and half after they came in.

How did you pass your time from a quarter after nine till near eleven o'clock? - Eating and drinking together; we had beef

steaks and onions for supper; we had ours together and they had their's together.


I am brother to the last witness; I know Powell and Townsend, I was in company with them on Wednesday the 24th of last month from a quarter after nine, till half after ten o'clock. We had supped when they came in.

How came you to remark the day? - Because I had information about two days after that they were taken up.

Did they come in together or separately? - Together about a quarter after nine; they staid till within about a quarter of eleven.

Who else was in company? - Only my brother. These men and another young man of the name of Williams, and a young woman.

How many young women? - Only one.

Do you know any person of the name of Galbraith? - I cannot say I know much of him only seeing him.

Do you remember being in company with him? - Not in company with him; he was in the same room that Wednesday night.

Did this young man join your company or go into another box? - They joined our company.

Had they any supper after they came in? - Yes; they had beef steaks.


I am a printer.

What brought you here to day? - I and two young men came into the Queen's-head, Hick's-hall.

How came you here to day? - I was subpoenaed by one Selby, I believe it was.

Do you know any of the prisoners? - Yes; I have seen them two or three times; (points out Powell and Townsend.) I saw these two men come in about a quarter after nine at the Queen's-head on Wednesday night the 24th of January.

How came you to remember the day? - Because I heard some dispute about two or three days afterwards.

How came you to take notice of that particular day? - Afterwards, when I heard they were called into question, I said was it a young man that was hoarse? They said yes; he was here on Wednesday night.

You did not know their names? - No.

Are you sure it was the Wednesday before that they were in that house? - Yes.

When did you see them afterwards? - Not till to day; only I saw Powell with a person last Sunday in New Prison.

Who was in the house first you or they? - I was in first, in the opposite box; they came in rather before half past nine I believe.

How long did they stay? - About an hour; it did not want above a quarter of eleven when they went away; they came in together and went away together.

Do you recollect who were in their company? - The two brothers Wakeleys, and several others; I did not take particular notice.

They ate and drank after they came in? - Yes; they had some beef steaks, Townsend brought them in his hand; they had them dressed there.


I did expect witnesses to come but they are not come yet. When I was first taken up he would not swear to me; when he heard the cutlass was found on me, then he swore to me on Monday.

To Carpmeal. When did Thompson first know you found the cutlass on Milbourne? - Not till he pointed him out to have a cutlass on the Monday.

Are you sure he did not know it before? - I am very certain.


I expected witnesses but they are not here. I went over the water of an errand for my master; I came back at half after eight o'clock, I got some supper and went to bed.

(There not being any evidence to affect Townsend he was not put upon his defence.)

To Carpmeal. How far is it from Hoxton to Hicks's-hall? - About three quarters of a mile.

One of the jury. It is above a mile.

For Milbourne..

- TIFFENEY sworn.

Milbourne was an apprentice to me five

years; I have known him seven years; he was a profitable apprentice to me; he strictly obeyed my command. He has been from me about two years. We have not from that time had any particular aquaintance. If he was now at liberty again I would employ him. I trusted him in my shop as shop man for a considerable time, and I have a stock of 5 or 600 l. value. I am a tailor by trade, but keep a trimming and man's-mercer's shop.


Milbourne has lodged in my house two years, down to this time; he always behaved well in my house; he was looked upon as a very good workman, and bore an honest character.


I have known Milbourne better than seven years. I was a fellow apprentice with him. He has borne a very good character while I knew him. I have not been acquainted with him since.

- SIMPSON sworn.

I have known Milbourne four years. I lodged at Tiffeney's; he was apprentice there; he kept very good hours.

To Thompson. Did you ever say to any person you would not have prosecuted these men if somebody else had not persuaded you? - I said I would not, only I was informed I ought to do it for the good of the publican.

What was the reason why you would not have prosecuted them? - Because of the expence of it, nothing else.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-2
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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122, 123. JOHN LAMB and EBENEZER HARCUP were indicted for that they in the king's highway, in and upon William Marsh , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value 25 s. an half guinea, and 8 s. 6 d. in monies, numbered , the property of the said William, October 12th .


I am a farmer at Hendon. Upon the 12th of October last, about eight at night I was going from London to Hendon in a one-horse chaise; when I was about a quarter of a mile beyond the church, in a place called Haw-lane , I was attacked by two people on foot; the little one, whom I take to be Harcup, ran by on the near side of the horse up to the horse's head, and said stop! Then the tall one, who is the prisoner Lamb, came on the other side of the chaise, and said, if I made any noise he would shoot me.

Are you positive to Lamb? - Yes; it was a very light night, the moon shone on his face, his hat was flapped, but his face was plain to be seen, except his eyes, which were a little concealed by the flapping of his hat. He demanded my money. I gave it to Lamb; then he said, your watch! upon which I gave him my watch, it was a silver one. I usually travelled with pistols, but had not my pistols at that time. I saw a pistol in Lamb's hand. They were with me about two minutes. I cannot swear to Harcup's face, his back being towards me; he held his pistol with his left hand, in a particular way, under his hand, to conceal, as I apprehend, the loss of one of his thumbs. The prisoner was taken last Saturday. When I came to Tothill-fields, where the prisoners were confined, I immediately knew Lamb.

Lamb. How came you not to challenge me the moment you saw me in Tothill-fields prison? - I said nothing to Lamb when I first saw him in Tothill-fields; I went there again an hour after.


I live at Kilburn-well. On Sunday evening the 4th of February, I saw the face of a man on the outside of my window, looking in at my house, this was about ten minutes before seven o'clock in the evening. I went out at the door, upon which the person who had looked in at my rap-room, jumped off the bench upon which he had stood to look in at the window. I asked his business? He ran away. I pursued him and overtook him; in running about an hundred and twenty yards after this man, I passed the two prisoners sat the bar. I cried to them, stop him,

stop him! but they gave me no assistance. One said, that was not the man I wanted, but it was a man in a light coat. I took the man I had pursued, one Webber; the other two prisoners then came up to his assistance. I insisted they should go along with him. They all pretended not to know each other. My hostler and a soldier came up to my assistance, and we secured them. Harcup behaved in a reprobate manner; he attempted to strike me. I gave them into custody. We then went up the road to see what we could find in the road. We found a pistol loaded. Upon examining the place near where Webber was taken, and where the two prisoners stood at the time Webber passed by them, we found two large sticks; one had the appearance of a bludgeon.


It was impossible for the prosecutor to swear to my features at such a distance of time, especially as I had been long ill, and that had much altered me.

(There being no evidence to affect Harcup he was not put on his defence.)

LAMB GUILTY ( Death .)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-3

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124. HENRY WEBBER was indicted for that he, in the king's highway, in and upon William Gulliver , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a guinea and two half guineas, in monies, numbered , the property of the said William, January 27th .


I am a baker . I was going home to Kensington, on Saturday evening the 27th of January, about a quarter after seven o'clock. Four men came up to me, the prisoner Webber, was one; Webber presented a pistol to my breast, and bid me stop! I said I had very little money. Then the other three got round me; one took a silk handkerchief off my neck; another put his hand into my right hand breeches pocket and took out a guinea, two half guineas, and nine shillings and six pence in money. Webber stood with a pistol towards me while the other persons took my money. It was a clear moon-light night, and I saw his face very plain, for he had no disguise but a flapped hat. I am positive to his person. They were about two minutes committing the robbery. When they were going off, one struck me on the bur of the ear, and knocked me down; it was a bludgeon I believe, or the but-end of a pistol with which he struck me. I saw the prisoner in Bow-street, on the 5th of February. I said when I first saw him there, that I believed him to be the man to the best of my knowledge in every respect. I picked him out at the publick-house, the Brown Bear ; I knew him by his surtout coat, round hat, his own hair, and his stature.

Prisoner. He said before the justice he only knew me by my surtout coat and round hat? - No, I knew him by his coat, his hat, his stature, and by his face too. I took his stature to be five feet eight or nine inches.

( Joseph Harrington gave the same evidence as on the preceding trial.)


I had my own brother came to Justice Addington's; the prosecutor hardly knew which of us was the man. I am not the only person who wears a brown coat and a round hat.

To Harrington. What dress was he in when you took him up? - The dress he is in now.

To the Prosecutor. Was that the dress the man was in when you was robbed? - Yes.

For the Prisoner.


I am borther to the prisoner.

Was you in Bow-street? - I went there on Tuesday. I was put by my brother for the man to look at me as well as him. I was kept there a prisoner. The prosecutor said he believed the man who robbed him was about five feet seven or eight inches, but he could not tell. He looked very hard at me as I

stood there, after they were taken away. I was dressed then just as I am now.

Did Gulliver challenge your brother or any of them? - He looked round; he could not fix upon the man; at last he said that is the man; he thought he might be the man. He said he was a man of about twenty-seven or twenty-eight years of age.

To the Prosecutor. Was the Tuesday when you was in Bow-street the first time you challenged the prisoner? - It was.

Had you any doubt whether the prisoner or his brother was the man? - I went down to the bear immediately and clapped my hand upon the prisoner, and said that was the man.

Had you any doubt at that time which was the man? - No; I clapped my hand upon his breast immediately, and said that was the man.

You did not say, of the two you thought the prisoner was the man? - No, no such a word.

To Webber. Was any person present when this passed before the justice?

Prisoner. There was a person but he is not here.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-4
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty
SentencesImprisonment > hard labour

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125. WILLIAM EDMUND BULLON was indicted for stealing four silver tea-spoons, value 6 s. a silver strainer, value 1 s. a pair of silver salts, value 10 s. a gold ring value 5 s. four yards of muslin, value 10 s. two yards of lawn, value 7 s. a muslin apron, value 2 s. and a pair of leather half-boots, value 2 s. the property of William Charlewood , November 1st .


I live at Walton upon Thames , and keep a linen-draper's and broker's shop . On the 31st of October I lost thirteen gold rings, a pair of silver salts, and a great quantity of remnants of muslin worked in aprons, out of my shop window. I likewise lost two remnants of lawn, and a pair of half-boots.

At what time of the day were they stolen? - I went out to an auction at Esher. I did not come home till ten or eleven at night, then I found my house was robbed, my sister wa gone to London, and she had locked up the house, and no person was left in the house; the house was locked up when I went to the auction.

Was you the first person who got home? - Yes. This (producing it) is an inventory of the things I lost, which I gave in at the publick office. I found the house as I left it. I imagine the person must have got in at the window.

In what situation did you leave the window when you went out? - Shut down but not fastened.

How high is it? - Near six yards from the ground.

So high that a man could not get up without a ladder? - I believe a man could with a step or some such thing. Mr. Shakespear took the prisoner up and put him in prison as a vagabond; he suspected he had robbed me. That window is in the chamber.

Is the shop a part of the dwelling-house? - Yes. The clerk at Litchfield-street office desired me to be favourable to the prisoner upon his discovering my things to me, that was the reason of its being charged only a single felony. When he was taken there were pawnbrokers duplicates found upon him of some of my things. I went to one Davies's by St. George's church in the Borough, and enquired if Bullon had been to pawn any rings there since I had spoke to him before of my having been robbed; that was about a fortnight ago. He told me there was a watch which some man had pawned there, and a ring with it. He told me the man was taken to Litchfield-street. I went there the next day, then the prisoner owned where he had pawned the things which the duplicates were for which were found upon him when he was taken.

When did you see him before the justice? - On the same day I think that I was at the pawnbroker's.

Was he there when you came the first day? - He was in New Prison; he was brought up that day or the next, I am not quite sure which. The duplicates were produced at the office. He told the clerk of the office in my hearing of the different pawnbrokers,

with whom he had pawned my-things. He was sent to the pawnbrokers with some men to guard him.


(Produces some pawnbrokers duplicates). I am keeper of the round-house at St. Giles's; there are more duplicates besides these, which I took from the prisoner; I found them in his waistcoat pocket, in a nutmeg-grater with several other things.

Can you, upon looking at these duplicates, tell who they were given by? - Yes, here is the place of abode upon them, Thames-street, and so on.

Where is Church-street? - In the Borough.

Where is Kent-street? - Behind St. George's Church, in the Borough.

Were there any goods found in Middlesex? - Yes; a great many.

By means of the duplicates? - No; none.

What is the name of the pawnbroker in Middlesex where any of the goods were found? - One is Laton; I went to Laton's. The prisoner was examined and then we went with him to those places. I went to one pawnbroker in Oxford Road; Dobree I believe his name is; he gave the property up before the magistrate, and so did several other pawnbrokers.


I am a pawnbroker; I live in Prince's-street, St. James's. I have here (producing them) two remnants of muslin, a remnant of lawn, a pair of half boots, and a silk handkerchief; I received them from the prisoner at the bar on the 1st of November. I lent him a guinea on them.

Had you ever seen him before? - Not to my knowledge.

Do you swear he is the man? - I am not positive; I can't take upon me to swear that, it being some time since.

- WAREHAM sworn.

I am a pawnbroker in Wardour-street, Soho. I have four tea-spoons, a strainer, and a ring; I did not take them in; the person that took them in went from our house before we had the information from the office. I don't know who brought them.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

126. WILLIAM EDMUND BULLON was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 6 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 3 s. a man's hat, value 1 s. a woman's cotton gown, value 8 s. and a linen sheet, value 1 s. the property of John Cooper , February 1st .

- COOPER sworn.

I am the wife of John Cooper ; we live at Marybone ; we lodge at one Mr. Watson's. On the 1st of this month I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.) They were stolen out of a back room that I let out to the prisoner.

Did you let the goods to the prisoner? - No; only the sheet that was on the bed.

Who did the other things belong to? - My husband; the clothes belonged to my son; they were in a leather trunk in the room; the gown was hung up. I missed them just after seven o'clock in the morning; the prisoner left the room door open; I looked into the room and missed the things. I had seen them in the evening when he went into the room.

Did any person lie in the room besides the prisoner? - No; the prisoner was taken with the clothes about him in the morning; I saw him, a few minutes after he was taken, in St. Giles's Round-house, about ten o'clock or before; my things were there then.


I am the keeper of the Round-house. I found these things (producing them) on the prisoner; Davis called out about seven o'clock that he had got a thief! I jumped out of bed immediately and laid hold of him and took this bundle from under his arm.

(The things were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


I did not take them I found them; I have no witnesses.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-5
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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127. JOHN WILSON was indicted for stealing a printed cotton gown, value 10 s. and a pair of muslin ruffles, value 5 s. the property of Richard Rowney , privately and secretly in the shop of the said Richard , February 9th .


I keep a sale shop in Oxford Road . On Friday the 9th of February, while I was conversing with a gentleman in my parlour, I heard somebody in the shop; I went into the shop and found the prisoner there. He asked me if I had a child's great coat to sell? I told him I had not; he had a sack hanging across his arm; I observed he kept moving it as if he was hiding something under it; that caused me to suspect him. I looked round the shop and missed a dark cotton gown and a pair of ruffles from a nail. I had been in the shop about two minutes before and saw them there then. As he was going out of the shop I took hold of his collar and under the sack I found concealed a gown and pair of ruffles; they were worth about fifteen shillings. The prisoner then went down on his knees and begged my pardon, and desired I would let him go.


I live in the prosecutor's house. I was talking with him in the parlour; he heard somebody in the shop, he went into the shop; I heard him talking with some person who said he wanted a child's great coat. Mr. Rowney called me out and said, this man wants a child's great coat; I saw him pull the gown from under the sack. I took the prisoner into the parlour till a constable was sent for.


I went into the shop to ask the price of the gown; the gentleman asked me eleven shillings for it; I had it my hand and had a bag on my shoulder at the same time; I cannot say whether any of it might not be under the bag. I had some brass in the bag.

For the prisoner.


I am a broker and brazier. I have known the prisoner from his infancy; I never knew any thing amiss of him. He is often troubled with fits and is often delirious.

You think he has not always the right use of his understanding? - No; very seldom; he is eighteen or nineteen years of age.

Prisoner. I had two or three other witnesses; they thought I should not be tried to night, so they are gone.

Fuller. There were two or three witnesses in the morning, they are gone.

Prosecutor. I shall be obliged to the jury to under rate the value before their verdict.

Fuller. The prisoner's mother swooned on the occasion, and lay three or four days and then expired. He has a wife and child.

( GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 4 s. 10 d. )

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-6
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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128. THOMAS BRADLEY was indicted for stealing 69 lb. weight of cheese, value 15 s. the property of John Bonnell , privately and secretly in the shop of the said John , February 16th .


I am a cheesemonger . The prisoner came on the 16th of February in the evening; two boys came into my shop and told me a man had stolen a cheese; and they told me which way he was gone. I went after him, the boys went with me and shewed me the prisoner: he had the whole Cheshire cheese under his arm and had some pieces in a pocket handkerchief; and their lay a Gloucester cheese at his feet. He was standing against a door near a scuffle that there was in Rose-street. When I came up to him he dropped the Cheshire cheese and ran away; I pursued him and called for assistance. I took him to the office in Litchfield-street before Justice Welch; the boys that informed me of it took the cheese back to my shop.

( Griffith Jones , one of the boys alluded to by the prosecutor, was called, but not appearing to understand the nature of an oath, was not sworn.)


What did you see? - The other boy (Jones) and I saw the prisoner go into the shop and take the cheese.

Did you know him before? - No; then I saw him go into Rose-street and sit down in a corner at a door, tying it up in a yellow silk handkerchief some bits of cheese he had taken. We informed Mr. Bonnell of it, and he went after him; we went with him; the prisoner ran away and we took the cheese back to the shop; a man came directly after that to the shop and fetched the cheese to the justice's. I put a mark upon the cheese in the office; he took the same cheese to the justice's that the prisoner had stolen. (The cheese produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor. )


I saw Mr. Bonnell come up to the prisoner, and I saw the prisoner drop the Cheshire cheese; the Gloucester cheese lay down at his feet.


I heard the cry of stop thief! I saw some people; I went to see what was the matter; a man knocked me down against the rails and said I was the man.

To Bonnell. What is the worth of the cheese? - It is under valued at 15 s.

GUILTY of stealing the cheese to the value of 4 s. 10 d. N. 2 years .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-7

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129. ANN HUNT was indicted for stealing two silver table spoons, value 5 s. six silk gowns, value 10 s. a chintz counterpane, value 2 s. a child's scarlet cloth cloak, value 12 d. two dimity petticoats, value 8 s. two muslin caps, value 5 s. a pair of silk stockings, value 3 s. a muslin apron, value 2 s. and a pair of woman's callimanco shoes, value 3 s. the property of Jane Dalton , widow , January 22d .


On Friday the 19th of January I hired the prisoner as a servant ; she came to my house that day. On Monday the 22d, I went out to enquire after her character; I went out about eleven and came home between three and four; the prisoner was gone, and I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). As soon as I came home I missed two table-spoons out of the beauset. Then I went up stairs, and missed all my wearing apparel out of the trunk.

Was the trunk locked? - I believe it was, I could not open it with the key as usual. I believe the lock had been picked. The prisoner did not return again to my house. I ran directly to Bow-street, and told Justice Fielding's men I had been robbed and that I had been to Kensington to enquire her character. They advised me to go to Kensington again to make further enquiry. She had lived I found seven months with them. I enquired if they knew any poor people she was acquainted with? A gentleman went to see after her, and caught her.


On being informed by the prosecutrix that she had been robbed, I went to the publick poor-house in Gore-lane. I found the prisoner in the yard, that was on Monday the 22d of January, between five and six in the evening. She was in conversation with another person, and there was a bundle lying beside her, and a banbox. I seised her with one hand and the bundle with the other, and told her she must go with me, and I brought her and the things to my lodging, where the prosecutrix was. She made an attempt to escape when I laid hold of the bundle, but I told her she should not. She did not say any thing that I recollect.

(The goods were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner brought these spoons (producing them) to pawn on the 22d of January, and told me she had bought them from Mrs. Dalton's, in Surrey-street. I said I could not take them in without seeing her mistress, that was about twelve o'clock. I live in Holles-street, Clare-market. I said I would send one of my people with her. She said she was going to the market to take a joint of meat home, and she would call for my man to go with her. She left the spoons, but never returned till I saw Mrs. Dalton at night.

(They were deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


I have no witnesses. I lived with that gentlewoman seven months; I am sure I never took any thing out of the house.

Prosecutrix. When she was taken she was stripped and a number of my things were found about her.

GUILTY . Imp. 12 months .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-8
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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130. HANNAH KENNETT was indicted for stealing a chariot seat cushion, value 10 s . the property of Joseph Smith , January 8th .

(The prosecutor and his witnesses were called but not appearing, the court ordered their recognizances to be estreated.


22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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131. PATRICK HOY was indicted for the wilful murder of Edward Cox , January 14th .

(The witnesses were examined apart.)

MARY COX sworn.

I am the widow of Edward Cox , the deceased. My husband was a watchman at Brompton.

When did he die? - I cannot tell the day of the month, it was on a Sunday. He cried the hour of eleven, and never cried the hour afterwards. I was fetched home from Great Chelsea. I got home as fast as I could. He was at a neighbour's house, Mr. Philips's. He told me that he was very had; and to the best of my knowledge, he died in a quarter of an hour after, or a little better. Those were all and the last words I heard from him in this world.

Did you observe what condition he was in? - All bloody.

What part did the blood come from? - The left part of his head, the side of his head, and teeth.

How long had your husband been a watchman? - One fortnight that very night he was murdered.


I live at Brompton. The deceased was a servant of mine for some years; he got an accident by falling out of a cart, and I recommended him to be a watchman in Brompton. He was employed but a fortnight before this accident happened: I think it was the 14th of January, on a Sunday; I dined at Mr. Hewitt's, a nurseryman, about an hundred yards from where this happened. I spent the evening there till near half after eleven o'clock. The company got up to go. We were talking in the parlour; I heard a crying out, help. help, murder! or words to that effect. I put my ear to the window and said it was Ned the watchman. I immediately went to the door and there I heard his voice very plain crying help! I immediately went to the place where I heard it, it was dark, the moon was just rising. I saw the deceased lying on the ground. When I came to him, I asked him what was the matter? He said, Lord, Sir, I am killed, I am murdered. While I was taking hold of his arm to help him up, there came two young men, one was Mr. Harrison, nephew to the gentleman where I dined, and one Mr. Harris, who lived within threescore yards of the place; Harris laid hold of one arm, and I the other and helped him up. They went immediately after the person they thought had committed the fact, and left me with the deceased. When I had helped him up, I asked him who did it, or what was the cause of it? He said it was a tall chairman in a blue coat. I asked him what was the reason of it, why he had knocked him down? He told me the man asked him the way to London, and he had shewn him the way, that then he said, You shall light me, you shall shew me the way. Cox said, he said I can't, or won't, or something to that effect, I am on my duty and cannot do it; that then the chairman took from him the halbert or instrument that he carried along with him, and knocked him down, that he got up again, and he knocked him down a second time with it. I gathered up his weapons, his stick and lantern. Cox went with the weapon in his hand, and I took his lantern and hat, and went to the house of Mr.

Hewitt. We had a good deal of conversation going along; I argued with him why he did not bring a blunderbuss which I had given for the use of the watch-house. I brought him to the door and sent for a glass of rum, which I gave him: then I sent for a glass of brandy to wash his wounds. When the brandy and a cloth came I was going to take the binding off his head; he would not let me, he said he should catch cold, he had better go home. I found his lantern was full of blood; I was a good deal alarmed; I did not apprehend that he had lost so much blood. I lighted the candle, and said, we had better knock up the people at one of the publick-houses, and get assistance. He said No, I think I shall be able to get home, and then send for my wife, who is at Chelsea, and be taken care of. Upon that he went along the road home, and I followed him at a distance. Mrs. Wright was with me so I could not walk so fast as he could walk; he was quite out of my sight before he got to my house. I thought he might stop and sit down in his watch-box. I went there and found him not in his box. Then I concluded he had only got a cut upon his head and was gone safe home.

Did you go to his house? - No. This was about half after eleven o'clock. I was in my own house at about twenty minutes before twelve o'clock. On the Monday morning early I was awaked and told that Ned was dead, meaning Cox the watchman. I was a good deal alarmed, as I was afraid I had not taken the care of him that was necessary, for I did not imagine him in danger. I got up and dressed myself. In going along the village I met a man who had been at my house, and had got the end of the bayonet which was knocked off the stick. His name is, I believe, Philips. I went to all the publick-houses; and I sent this Philips, and some others, and bid them go to Chelsea and Kensington, and enquire if there had been any man at the publick-houses like a chairman, and I said I will go to Brompton before I breakfast. The last house I went to was the sign of the King's-Head at Brompton; the master of the house told me there had been no such man there, but he had heard that a chairman had brought one Levy, one of Mr. Hewitt's men, home on Sunday-night about eleven o'clock.

Did you in consequence of what was said by the man at the King's-Head make any discovery with regard to the prisoner? - Yes. From the information I had from the man at the King's-Head, I took up the prisoner about eleven o'clock on the Monday morning in a court in St. James's-street, about an hundred yards from the King's-Head. I told the people there not to say a man had been murdered, for I did not know what might happen. Levy said somebody came home with him, but he was so much in liquor that he did not know who brought him home, or how he came home.

What time did you converse with Levy? - At nine o'clock on Monday morning.

Whether the prisoner said he went out with Levy or not? - I cannot take upon me to say that he did.

I want to know whether the name of Levy passed at the time, and the prisoner said he went with Levy? - I cannot take upon me to swear to that. I took the prisoner's great coat, it was a blue one, and his hat, and put them into a coa ch and took them to Sir John Fielding 's. I went to Brompton with Levy to know who came home with him. While I was there, one Gossett, who is here, told me that he saw a chairman between eleven and twelve, running along the road towards Earl's-court.

Where is Earl's-court? - It lies west of Brompton. He said his coat was very dirty. I was led by what Gosset said, to observe the prisoner's hat and coat, it was dirty with the road stuff on the right side I think. There was not any blood upon it. The prisoner said that was his hat and coat, and he got up and came away very quietly, and did not make the least resistance.

Cross Examination.

This weapon which the watchman had as he told you in his hand, had a bayonet fixed upon it? - Something of that kind. I know nothing of it of my own knowledge.

This was the account of the deceased, that this weapon was taken out of his hand? - Yes, he said so.

When you saw the man he had his head broke? - I believe it was.

There was no apparent wound upon any part of his body of such a kind as evidenced a sharp pointed instrument's having gone into the body? - I heard say so, but I did not see the body.

But if this bayonet had been made use of for the most deadly purpose it would have been directed to some more fatal part. It was not made use of for the most fatal purpose it was capable of, so far we have from the declaration of the deceased himself? - So I understood.

Levy was very drunk, and did not know who came home with him? - No, he did not, he could give no account at all, neither before the magistrate nor to me.

When you found the deceased and brought him down to Hewitt's door, you offered him a glass of rum? - I gave him one.

He desired he might get home to his wife, his wife would take care of him? - Yes.

He walked away from this place and walked faster than you? - He walked quite out of my sight.

There were no apprehensions immediately of danger? - I did not see any, or I should have taken more care of him.

Then you come to another information of the deceased, that when the blow was given him, he called out, O Lord, Sir, I am killed, I am murdered? - He said that before I helped him up.

You at that time saw no person about him? - No body at all.

You gave him a blunderbuss, but did not give him this staff and bayonet? - I did not.


I keep the King's-Head in St. James's-street.

Do you know this Levy? - Yes.

Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - Yes.

Were they at your house on the Sunday when this unfortunate business happened? - They were between eight and nine.

What was the prisoner's business? - A chairman.

What is Levy? - I understand he works with a gardener.

Do you know any thing more of the matter than that these persons were at your house between eight and nine that evening? - I remember they had one tankard of porter.

Do you know whether they went away together or who went first? - I did not notice that.


Do you remember being at Mr. Moore's, the King's-Head in St. James's-street, on Sunday evening the 14th of January? - I do.

Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - I do very well.

Was he in company with you there? - He was in the evening.

How long did you stay together there? - I cannot tell what time I staid there; I was in liquor I believe when I came there, and do not know what time I stayed.

What countryman are you? - An Irishman.

Do you remember who accompanied you? - I do not remember the man being in company with me, nor how I got home, nor who undressed me, or put me to bed, I was so much in liquor.

Then you do not know that the prisoner went any part of the way with you? - No, I do not, nor I do not know of his leaving the house with me.


I live at Mr. Moore's. On the 14th of January last, my master and mistress dined abroad; the prisoner Hoy was always employed at the door as a working man, and I always saw him civil and quiet during the time I drew beer there, which was for five or six months. After he had his dinner on this Sunday he went out, and came in again and had a pint of beer and the like. This man that he went along with home, came between eight and nine o'clock.

When did you see him next? - I never saw any more of him, I know no more of the matter.


I had been at the Sugar-Loaf at Brompton-green. I was going home that night between ten and eleven o'clock.

Are you sure it was not later than that? - I am certain it was not. I saw a man coming after me; I stopped; the man passed by me. I saw he was a chairman by his coat being turned up. I said, chairman, where are you going this way at this hour of the night. He said he was going to St. James's. I told him he was going quite wrong, for he was going into the country. He stopped and asked me the way to St. James's. I told him to turn back, and go the other way, for he had his back to St. James's. He came up on the foot-way and laid hold of my left-hand and asked me to shew him the way. I told him I could not it was so late. After I directed him the way he went off towards London.

How was he dressed? - He had a chairman's great-coat on.

Was it a blue coat? - It was a very dark night so that I cannot swear to the colour. He was dressed like a chairman.

Do you know Mr. Hewitt's house? - Very well; I work for him; he is a gardener.

You had been at the Sugar-Loaf was that farther from London than Mr. Hewitt's house? - It was nearer to London.

How far do you suppose the chairman was from Mr. Hewitt's house? - He was farther from London than Mr. Hewitt's house when I spoke to him.

How far did you accompany him? - I did not accompany him an inch.

Did he appear to be sober or otherwise? - He appeared very much disguised with liquor.

Was he a stranger to you? - He was; I never saw him before in my life.

Do you take upon you to know him again? - I could not; it was a very dark night.

He seemed very civil to you by your account of the matter? - He did; he asked me to shake hands; I saw there was dirt upon his coat; I wished to avoid him, which I did, and pointed him out the way to London.

ANN MARCH sworn.

I keep an house at Brompton. Levy and Gossett lodged at my house. At about half an hour after ten o'clock on the Sunday evening Mr. Levy knocked at the door; I came down and let him in. I heard a man with him, but I did not see that man.


The prisoner lodged at my house.

What time did he come home that night? - At about a quarter past eleven o'clock.

Why do you guess it to be about that time? - Because I had a watch which I observed was half an hour after eleven a little after he came in.

Where is your house? - In Villar's Court, St. James's-street.


Mr. Cox the watchman, the deceased, came to my house and called me up at about twelve o'clock at night, and told me he was almost murdered by a chairman. I got up and let him in; I set him down in a great chair and got a fire for him directly. Then he desired I would go down to Mr. Hancock's to fetch his wife and bring some spirituous liquors to anoint his head with; he said be sure you do not come without it. I fetched his wife; when I came back into the house I said how are you; the deceased made me no answer; his wife laid hold of him and shook his shoulder and said how are you Mr. Cox? he said very bad indeed. Those were the last words he spoke.


I am a constable. I took up the prisoner between ten and eleven o'clock on the Monday morning. I found his great coat and hat in his lodgings and I found him in bed.

Did he make any objection to going with you? - He seemed to signify he should be glad to have some of his comrades with him, but nothing more; there is some dirt and some green upon the coat.

Is there any blood upon it? - I have examined it and cannot find any upon it.

The prisoner was not called upon for his defence.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-10
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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132. ELIZABETH WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing six guineas and a half guinea in monies, numbered, the property of Thomas Emms , privately from the person of the said Thomas , January 24th .


I am a tide-waiter belonging to the custom-house.

Are you a married or a single man? - A married man.

Was you in company with Elizabeth Williams on the 24th of January last? - Yes.

Where did you fall into her company? - Between Long-acre and the north part of Drury-lane, at about seven o'clock at night; I was going home, she asked me to go along with her.

You complied did you? - I was unwilling at first, but at last I went along with her to her lodgings as she called it in King-street, the end of it went down towards Bloomsbury; it was the end of Drury-lane, near Holbourn.

After you came there how long did you stay with her? - About five or six minutes.

What happened? - Nothing till that time was over about five minutes, she then picked my pocket of my money.

Did you feel her take it from you? - Yes; she got the purse in her right hand and the money in her left. I saw her give the money to another girl; there was a candle in the room and I saw it.

How much money was in your purse? - Six guineas and a half.

How came the other girl into the room? - She was in the other room; she lived just by; I seised this girl (the prisoner) immediately, and held her fast by the wrist; she called me bouger and said she would send for her husband, and she said she would stab me; she went and clapped her hand to a drawer for a knife; the other girl bid her send for her husband.

Did you hold her fast? - She shut the door against me and I let her go, but I forced the door open again, and insisted upon securing her; then she took up a poker; I got it from her; then there was another came to her assistance; then I could not keep her. I went down stairs to fetch a constable, no body would come; there were some decent people lived over the way, they said they were afraid they should be knocked on the head if they gave me any assistance. I went to the Rotation-office and got John Godfrey to assist me and we took the prisoner.

Are you sure the prisoner is the person? - I am very clear of it, I was very sober.


I am an headborough. Emms came to me the night he was robbed and said he had been robbed of six guineas and a half, by a short girl, describing the prisoner.

What time of the night did he come to you? - About eight o'clock.

Did he tell the story as he had done now? - Yes he did; I went and searched for the girl that night at the lodgings he described, but could not find her. Two days after I was in Earl-street, near Monmouth-street, and saw the prisoner coming along with a new red cloak on. I knew her before by the description; I said you are the very girl I want; I stopped her and took her to the Rotation-office in Litchfield-street. I fetched Emms and he swore positively to her person.

Did you find any money upon her? - Nothing but a few halfpence. She said she would give me a guinea to let her go.


It is hard to suffer for a thing I know nothing about. I am going of fourteen years of age.

GUILTY of stealing the money, but not GUILTY of privately stealing it from the person . Imp. 6 months .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-11
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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133. SARAH STRICKLAND was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. the property of John Kelly , privately from the person of the said John , February 9th .


I am a sawyer .

Are you married or a single man? - A single man. I was coming home from my work on this day sen'night at night between

ten and eleven o'clock. I went to a publick-house, the George, at the top of St. John's-street, which is a house I generally use. I left the George a little after ten o'clock. I was coming home, I met the prisoner in the street, near Hicks's-hall; she laid hold of me by the arm and asked me if I would take a walk and see her safe home.

Was you sober? - No; I was a little in liquor; I said I would go and see her safe home. I was rather in liquor, but was not drunk.

Where did you carry her to? - She carried me to her apartments in Moffet's-court, Turnbull-street , up one pair of stairs.

Was there a candle lighted? - Yes; there was a candle upon the table in the room when we went in.

How long did you stay there? - Between three and four minutes. I did nothing to her. I sat down by her side upon the bed; she saw the chain of my watch she gave a pull at it and pulled my watch out and ran down stairs.

You felt that? - Yes; I ran after her but could not catch her.

Are you sure the prisoner was the girl? - Yes.

Had you particularly observed her face? - Yes I had.

You was sitting down upon the bed by her? - I was.

When did you see her again? - Not till she was taken, which was three or four days after. Another girl her partner took my handkerchief off my neck and ran down the court with it; that girl was at the door, and she took off my handkerchief as I was going up with the prisoner; the prisoner said, I know the girl, I will get you your handkerchief again.

So they robbed you as you was going in of your handkerchief, and when you got in of your watch? - Yes; the prisoner had not been gone above five minutes before a man came up and said he was her husband. He was a drover in Smithfield; he banged me about; I could not get hold of him, if I could I would have secured him. I said to myself, this is very good fun to be beat and lose my watch too.

Where did you first see the prisoner again? - I took two of Justice Blackborough's runners with me, and we found her in the same apartments. This was the 9th I took her on the 15th.

Have you recovered your watch again? - No; I have not got a halfpenny worth.


He took up another girl instead of me, and swore at the justice's that she had got his watch and his two handkerchiefs; the girl came up for another hearing, he did not come up to appear against her so the girl was cleared; then he took me up I never set eyes on him.

To the prosecutor. Did you charge another girl with it? - Only the girl who took my handkerchief; I charged her with taking the handkerchief.

Are you sure you never charged the other girl with taking the watch? - No; only the handkerchief?

GUILTY of stealing the watch, but not guilty of stealing it privately from the person . Imp. 6 months .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-12
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

134, 135. JOHN MERITT and JOHN MURRAY were indicted for stealing 200 lb. wt. of hay, value 5 s. the property of Benjamin Rose , William Hutton , and Robert Lloyd , February 6th .


On Tuesday was fortnight, at about two o'clock in the morning a person called me up, and said somebody was stealing the hay in Rhodes Well-field, Stepney . I got up; we traced the hay from a stack to a publick-house called the World's End, which is kept by one John Stephens . I saw the two prisoners after they were taken; I know no further of them.


I am a constable of Mile-End Old Town. About three in the morning of the 6th of February some people came to the watch-house and enquired for an officer. I was sent for. They said somebody was stealing hay from a stack. I went down with them to the World's-End Stepney; there I saw the two prisoners, and the son of Stevens, who

keeps the World's-End, who is now sick in jail, lying upon some hay, in a kind of an hovel; they were asleep; I waked them; they said they had been locked out and that was the reason of their sleeping there. I asked where they got that hay? Stevens said he bought it of two men. Neither of the prisoners said any thing about it.

Do you know what the prisoners are? - No, I never heard any thing before of them.

Whose hay was it? - It belongs to the assignees of William Green, a bankrupt at Stepney.


I am a watchman. I saw some bundles of hay carried into Stevens's yard. I went there. Stevens was sitting on the hay. I asked him what it was? He said, it is only me, Fortune. I said, Very well, and went away. I saw the prisoners there; they were putting the hay into the hovel.

Did you know them before? - I have seen them before at a publick-house. They lived in White-Horse-street, I believe.

Had they been at Mr. Green's? - I cannot say.


The watchman who saw these people coming along with the hay, came to where I lodged, and called me and said somebody was stealing my master's hay. I got up as soon as I could and went down to the field with him; I saw the hay was tumbled about. They were gone. It belongs to Mr. Green.

Was he in possession of it at that time? - No, the assignees, the persons mentioned in the indictment.

Glenton. Murray said, as he was going to the watch-house, I should not have been here if I had not been led into bad company.

What were they doing in the hovel? - They were lying there; the officer put in his hand, and pulled them out by the legs. I gave one in charge to Lloyd.


We had been out to see a relation at Stratford, and we staid late, and got a little in liquor. We did not like to disturb our parents, so we went and lay in this place


I worked with Meritt's father who is a shipwright.

For the Prisoners.


I have known Meritt ten years; he is a shipwright , he bears an universal good character. I have known Murray six years he is an industrious sober young fellow.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-13
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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136, 137, 138. JOHN WILKINS , THOMAS WATTS , and JOSEPH DULWICH were indicted for stealing a hammer cloth, value 30 s. and four chariot glasses, value 50 s. the property of Truman Read , Esq .


On the 17th of last month a young man came and asked me to buy some coach glasses and a hammer cloth; I went and saw Watts and Dulwich; they told me they should have ten glasses if I would buy them? I said I could not buy the glasses till they brought them; they came again in about an hour with Wilkins. Wilkins said they could not get them that night, but if I would come to his house the next morning I should see them, and he directed me to come to the Nag's-head in Hackney-road. I went the next morning accordingly and met them there. Wilkins said if you will come to our house to morrow morning I will have the glasses for you.

Who did you meet at the Nag's-head? -

Only Wilkins; I promised to come the next morning; then I went to the office in Litchfield-street and told the affair to Grub. Wilkins said I should have the glasses a bargain because he had stolen them. I desired the officer to be in the way in the morning on the morrow; I went and they had been disappointed getting them, and I did not go any more after them. On Monday morning Wilkins's wife came to my house before it was light to fetch me to their house; I went with her; the house stands in a garden beyond Shoreditch church. He went into the garden and opened the ground and took out four glasses, some of them were broken; they were wrapped up in the hammer cloth; there were six glasses in the house besides those upon the drawers or dresser; he asked me four guineas for them all together; I agreed with him for two guineas and an half; he said the other lads were to have part of the money; they were not there at the time. I gave him 10 s. and took the four glasses under my arm; he said I had better take all of them. I said I could not carry them all. I took four in the hammer cloth and one on the outside; I said I was going home for the remainder of the money and would leave my

wife till I came back; he asked which way I should go home? he bid me not go near Brick-lane, because they came from thence; nor near Moorfields.

Did he say they came from thence? - Yes.

Did he say what house? - No; he only mentioned the street.

Brick-lane and Moorfields? - Near Moorfields. When I came as far as Aldgate I found them heavy, I took a Hackney coach and went up to the office in Litchfield-street; I then went in the coach to M'Donald's house; I got him and Grubb to assist me; we went back together in the coach to where Wilkins lives. When we came in my wife told me, in our language, if we went to the hog-sty we should find somebody there; I told him to go to the hog-sty, and there he found Watts and Dulwich. I did not go myself to the hog-sty at first.

How many glasses have you got there? - I have no glasses; I had the misfortune to break them when I went in the coach.

Wilkins. What he has said is not true; he has been many times at my house; he said I owed him eight shillings and wanted to have the glasses - I never was in his house before; he appointed me to meet him at the Nag's-head. I have seen him before but did not know where he lived.

Wilkins. He told me he had paid for the glasses before and there were eight shillings owing; that he had been in trouble about these glasses before.


I went on Monday morning with my husband to Wilkins's house. We went into a little room; my husband and Wilkins went into the garden and brought in some glasses, and he shewed me some more glasses on the drawers; my husband agreed to give him two guineas and a half for them; they asked how much he had about him? He said ten shillings, and he gave them that ten shillings and said he would go and fetch the rest. I sat there while my husband went away; he was telling me it was a very cold night; but he made a very good fire with the frames which he burnt.

Did he tell you what night? - The night before the Sunday night. In the mean time his wife came in; he seemed to be very uneasy and went backwards and forwards two or three times. He came to his wife and said, my dear, the pigs want feed. She said, well, if the pigs want feed they must stay a little longer. Dulwich's wife came in and asked if her husband was there? Wilkins winked and said no, he was not there. She sat down by the fire. He said if the man came to pay the money for the goods, the woman and his wife must go out of the room while he received the money; he seemed very uneasy, and asked me if I knew which way my husband was coming? I said I could not tell. A little while after my husband came in with the officers. I told my husband in Hebrew, that I verily believed there were some folks backwards that Wilkins seemed to be very uneasy about. The officer went immediately to the pig-sty and took the other two men. While he was tying their hands, Wilkins broke all the glasses at one blow with his hand, that nobody should have them. There were about six whole glasses.

Wilkins. The glasses were left at my house. She and her daughter have been twenty times at my house for them? - I never saw his house in my life before.


I went to Wilkins's house on Monday the 22d of January; I took Wilkins first and left him in the custody of Grub; then I went and took the other two who were lying in the straw in the pig-sty; I secured them, and while I was tying them together, Grub halloo'd out to me. I brought them in. Grubb said Wilkins had broke all the glass. His hand was cut. I asked him what he broke the glass for? He said for fun. Simons brought the hammer-cloth to me when he came for me. It has been in my custody ever since.


I am coachman to Mr. Truman Read. This is my master's hammer-cloth. The coach-house was broke open on Friday evening the 19th of January. The hammer-cloth was on the box of the chariot at that time.

Was there any thing else taken away? - Yes, four chariot glasses.


I was going in a cart to Billingsgate before five o'clock in the morning; I saw the hammer-cloth lying in the highway; I got out of the cart and took it up. I met Simons; he asked me to sell it to him. I said I did not know the worth of it. He said he would give me two shillings for it; and I let him have it.

To Combes. Where does your master live? - In Brick-lane.


I had not been discharged from being a soldier above a week before. I know nothing of the affair.


I went with Watts to Wilkins's house to carry a message from two men who belonged to the militia, out of which I had just been discharged. I went backwards into the wash-house to a necessary that was there, this man came in and clapped a pistol to my breast as I sat on the seat. I never saw the glasses till I saw them here.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-14
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

Related Material

139. THOMAS CONNIFF was indicted for stealing a piece of gutter-plate timber, value 40 s. the property of George Malpas , February 14th .

(The prosecutor was called but not appearing the court ordered his recognizance to be estreated.)


22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-15

Related Material

140. WALTER TOWNS was indicted for stealing thirty-six half-pence , the property of George Litzter , January 22d .


I am a tobacconist in Oxford-road . On Monday evening the 22d of January I brought home three five-shilling papers of old half-pence; being particularly good I gave orders that they should be put on one side in the shop, which they were. I went out for about five minutes; when I returned the prisoner was in custody in the shop. A few minutes after two of Sir John Fielding 's men came in and knew the prisoner, and asked him how he could do such a thing?

Prisoner. Did you not, after the alarm, say, you knew nothing of the halfpence; that they were made up in your absence? - I had the halfpence put by for a particular person who was to come out of the city for them.


On the 22d of Jan. between eight and nine o'clock, as I was going along Oxford-road, I saw the prisoner in Mr. Litzter's shop; there were three paper parcels of halfpence in the window behind the counter. I saw the prisoner take them up singly and secrete them; he put them as if putting them in his pocket. There was no person in the shop at the time. I called to the prosecutor's wife, who was in the parlour; that alarmed the prisoner, upon which he laid the three papers down at the farther end of the counter. The prosecutor's wife came into the shop and laid hold of him; I came up to her and told her I had seen him take the three parcels out of the window; the prisoner said he wondered I should stop him, that he came into the shop to purchase some tobacco and was waiting to be served; Justice Welch's man came in, and the prisoner was taken into custody; he was searched to see if he had any thing else.

To Litzter. Where were the halfpence? - On a ledge behind the counter, so far that no person could reach them over the counter.


I was coming along Oxford-road; I went into the shop to enquire for some tobacco; there was an out-cry at the door; a person went by a short time after, that man came in and said he saw me take the halfpence; they sent for the constable and searched me for the halfpence. While they were searching me, the woman lifted up a brown linen bag and found the halfpence. My friends

were here all day yesterday; I have no friends here now but your worthy lordship and God Almighty.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-16
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine; Miscellaneous > military naval duty

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141. JAMES MAHON was indicted for stealing seven linen handkerchiefs, value 5 s. eight silk handkerchiefs, value 8 s. and a pair of cotton stockings, value 1 s. the property of John Webb , January 15th .

JOHN WEBB sworn.

I am a pawnbroker . On the 15th of January in the evening, I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them) At a quarter before six o'clock my wife and I were at tea in a parlour behind the shop. I looked towards the shop-door, and saw the prisoner. There is a passage all round the shop, I catched hold of him. He had some handkerchiefs in his arms. When I took hold of him; he let them drop at his feet; they were in fifteen different parcels. I asked him what he was going to do with them? He made no answer. I called my wife and we secured him, and got a constable and gave charge of him.

Prisoner. I have been to sea; I am willing to go again.

For the Prisoner.


I have known the prisoner ever since he has been born. He is about fourteen years old. I never heard any thing amiss of him before.

(The prisoner called his father who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

[Fine. See summary.] [Military/Naval duty. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-17
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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142. SUSANNAH STEWARD was indicted for stealing a silk gown, value 30 s. two muslin gowns, value 30 s. a callico gown, value 20 s. five cotton petticoats, value 30 s. a sattin petticoat, value 30 s. four silk cloaks, value 40 s. a woman's silk hat, value 2 s. four muslin aprons, value 30 s. three cotton bed-gowns, value 15 s. a pair of treble laced ruffles, value 6 s. a pair of women's stays, value 7 s. a silver watch, value 30 s. a child's coral mounted with bells, value 6 s. two guineas and twenty-eight shillings, in monies, numbered, the property of William Turner , in the dwelling-house of Mary Wickman , February 9th .


I live at Mrs. Wickham's. The prisoner was my servant . On the 9th of February my wife got up to call the prisoner; she went into her room and saw it in a litter. She alarmed me. I went into the room and saw the bed had not been slept in over night; that gave me a suspicion; I searched my bureau which I found open, and missed one pound fifteen shillings out of it. I missed my watch which I had put into one of the pigeon holes in the bureau. I imagined she had taken the keys out of my wife's pocket, and unlocked the bureau. We missed all my wife's things, as mentioned in the indictment. I received a letter, in consequence of which I went to No. 5, in Greville-street, on the Monday following, with a constable. I enquired for the prisoner's sister, as I was informed she was there with her sister. The lady belonging to the house informed me her sister was gone to the play, and would not return till about eleven o'clock.

Did you find the prisoner there? - No; I found her at No. 22, in Crown-court, Little Russel-street, Drury-lane, in consequence of an information I had received, about half after two o'clock that night. The constable, John Godfrey , went up stairs about ten minutes before me.

Did you see the things there which you had lost? - Yes, they were in the dining-room, and the prisoner in the bed-room when I saw her. I put the things in the box and delivered them into the possession of the constable Godfrey.


I am a constable (producing the goods mentioned in the indictment) I got these at No. 22, Crown-court, Russel street. They have been in my possession ever since. When I went up stairs the prisoner was just going to step

into bed. In the first floor I believe it was. There was no person else in the room at the time. I said to her, you know Mr. Turner, I dare say. She made me no answer. I said, you are my prisoner. I said some of these gowns belong to Mr. Turner. She immediately went and fetched the greatest part of them but not all. I said bring me what you have taken from Mr. Turner. She brought me the greatest part of them.

What did she say when you said that was not all? - She said she believed it was all. I found some white petticoats under the bed; which are a part of the things produced. I found a child's coral in the fore-room and the watch was in her bed-room. There was a set of castors in the fore-room. She had nothing to say for herself. I went up with Mrs. Kirkman and her sister; I thought she would get admittance sooner than I; I desired Mrs. Kirkman to tap at the door; her sister went with me. Then Mrs. Kirkman told her, Sukey, you have brought me into a great deal of trouble, for the constable insisted on taking me into custody if I had not found you. The prisoner said nothing.


The prisoner was my servant; she came on a Friday, and on the next Friday morning she went away.

Had you any character with her when you hired her? - Yes; from her aunt, whose name is Yeates; she lives at Knightsbridge. I believe they are people who live upon their fortune. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). I saw them at Litchfield-street office, on the Tuesday after she was taken. (They were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.) The bureau in which I had put the money was locked; the keys were taken out of my pockets which lay by my bedside; for I remember perfectly well putting them in my pocket. There were likewise a few shillings in silver and a pocket piece taken out of my pocket. I know this pocket piece to be the same I had.

Prosecutor. The watch produced is mine; the spring is broke, and there is the hounds and hare on the plate of it; I am sure it is mine.


I have nothing to say; I have no witnesses. I am but seventeen years of age.

GUILTY ( Death .)

(The prisoner was humbly recommended by the jury and the prosecutor to his majesty's mercy.)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-18
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

143. BENJAMIN PARTRIDGE was indicted for stealing a wicker hamper, value 2 s. and 46 lb. weight of butter, value 36 s. the property of Thomas Garfield , January 25th .


I am a butter-factor . On the 25th of January I employed one Peter Dobey to carry four flats of butter from Oxford-market to Newgate-market, to deliver to one Mr. Thomas Fellows , a salesman; I called on Fellows about ten o'clock; he said he had received but three flats; that one was lost. I was informed the flat of butter was found on the prisoner and that he was taken to the Compter. I went there and saw him.


I was employed by Mr. Garfield to carry four flats of butter for him in a cart to Newgate-market. I loaded them myself as I was to carry them. I left Oxford market about a quarter after five in the morning and got to Newgate-market a quarter after six. In Newgate-street I took down the tail board of the cart and took one of the flats to carry to Mr. Fellows; I left three in the cart. When I returned to the cart I missed one of the flatts; I ran directly towards Newgate; I met a man and boy; the boy said there was a man going along with a flatt on his shoulder. I pursued and overtook the prisoner with the flat; I took it off his shoulder. He said there was a man behind him who was to give him part of a pint of purl to carry it to Spitalfields.

Did he show you the man? - No; as I took the flat off his shoulder he turned to run towards Giltspur-street, I laid hold of the flap of his coat and secured him; I delivered

the butter into the possession of a constable; it has since been sold but the flat is here.

( William Catchpole produced the butter flat, which was deposed to by Dobey and Garfield.)


Going along Giltspur-street, I saw a man with the butter flat; he asked me where I was going? I said to Spitalfields; he said he was going that way, and if I would carry it part of the way he would give me some purl; when the man stopped me he ran away. I am a white-smith; I have no witnesses.

(The prisoner called Joel Hoseland , who had known him ten years; John Griffin , twenty years; Richard Gray , from a lad; James Fortis , from his infancy; John Powell , six years; Daniel Porter , seventeen years; Aaron Chorley , fourteen years; Martha Holden and Mary Porter , who had known from a child; and who all gave him a very good character).


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-19
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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144. SARAH ALDRIDGE was indicted for stealing a pewter quart pot, value 15 d. the property of John Winstanley , January 29th .


I keep a publick-house . I found a quart pot of mine in the pocket of the prisoner; and I found another pot about her tied to some tape. (The pot was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor).


I had been washing that day. I found a pot at a door, I did not know what I was going to do with it; I had rather more liquor than I should have had.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-20
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

Related Material

145. SARAH, the wife of Henry SIMPSON was indicted for stealing eight silk handkerchiefs, value 28 s. the property of Isaac Smith , February 19th .


I am servant to Mr. Isaac Smith , who is a linen-draper . The prisoner with another woman on Monday, about five o'clock in the afternoon, came into my master's shop and asked to see some silk handkerchiefs which lay in the window; she asked the price, I told her; she said she wanted better. I then went to the farther end of the shop and brought all we had got, as they laid together in a frame; I showed them to her; she fixed on one piece and asked the price. I told her five shillings and sixpence an handkerchief; she bid four shillings. In a few minutes after that I saw her take a piece containing eight handkerchiefs off the counter with her left hand; she said she would give but four shillings and she went out of the shop. I followed her and took the piece of eight handkerchiefs from her; it was concealed under her cloak. I brought her back to the shop; then she said she was very sorry for what she had done and begged pardon, she said she had never done any thing of the sort before.

Prisoner. Did not you say if I would tell you of the other woman you would let me go? - I did not; I went out for the constable; Mr. Smith was left in the shop with her.

Prisoner. It was this man or the master of the shop I cannot say which.

Carnell. There was only my master and me in the shop.

Were you in the shop all the time the prisoner was there? - Yes.

Was you within hearing of all that was said? - I was.

Did your master make any promise not to prosecute if she would give an acount of the other woman? - Not in my hearing.

Was you in a situation to hear all that was said? - I was.

Are you sure this is the woman who took the handkerchiefs? - I am.


I have some witnesses to call.

For the prisoner.


I am a stay-maker. I have known the prisoner seven years; she has worked for my father and me seven years; she has borne a very honest character during that time, she is a very hard working girl. Her husband is a pocket-book maker; I know he is a bad fellow and she supported him I believe for some time for she can earn ten or twelve shillings a week.

Jury to Mr. Smith. Did you say you would not prosecute this woman if she would give up the woman that was in the shop with her? - Not in the least.

GUILTY Wh. and Imp. 3 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-21
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

146. JOHN CLIFTON was indicted for stealing six pair of worsted stockings, value 12 s. the property of Robert Crofton , January 23d .


I am a shopman to Mr. Crofton. On the 23d of last month, at about half past seven in the evening, the shop was shut in and I was behind the counter at the farther end of it; the shutters belonging to the window were not put up; there was a large pile of flannels; I saw the prisoner inside the door; the door was just too, but I believe the latch was not shut. I did not see him push open the door nor come into the shop, but saw him have his hand upon the stockings very plain.

How could he get in without your seeing him? - There were about six rolls of flannel upon the end of the counter; they were so high as to conceal him; and as soon as I saw him he had hold of the stockings. I sprang along the shop and asked what he was at; he made no answer but attempted to get out at the door; but before he got out of the shop I laid hold of his coat, and in pulling him very strongly it occasioned his falling.

Did you reach over the counter or go round? - I was round the counter when I first saw him.

What became of the stockings? - He pulled them off that pile; there were about three dozen in each pile upon the counter; the counter was exceeding full. He only pulled them off the pile, but did not get them off the counter.

How far did he move them? - About a quarter of a yard.

What did he say for himself when you pulled him down? - He did not speak at all; I called for assistance and our shopman who was sweeping the door came up and helped to secure him. He said he was a plaisterer and lived in Half-moon alley, Aldersgate-street.

Did he say what he was going to do with the stockings, or how he came there? - He did not.

Prisoner. Was I the person who entered the shop? - I seised him in the shop, and he never was out of my custody.


As I was coming by, having been at my brother's in the Minories, this man laid hold of me as a man had ran by; I never was in the shop.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-22
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

147. ROBERT CORNER was indicted for stealing twenty-four guineas and half guineas, in monies, numbered , the property of John Higginson , January 23d .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)


I am nephew to Mr. Norman the hatter, in Cannon-street. I had a packet from the bankers, Messrs. Fuller and Son, Lombard-street, there were in it ninety-five guineas and five shillings. They were packed up by my uncle.

How are you sure the packet contained guineas? - I cannot be sure, I think it did.


I am a hatter in Cannon-street. My nephew brought me some guineas and some silver, to the amount of an hundred pounds, in November. I put them up in crown paper and directed them to John Morris and Company, at Manchester, to a manufactory I have there. I sent him with the parcel to the Axe-inn, Alderman-bury, and bid him bring a receipt for it, which he did. It was to go by the waggon. We pay five shillings for an hundred pounds. It was entered as money; it was packed in brown paper (producing a piece of brown paper).

Did you put any seal upon it? - No, I did not.

To Robert Norman . You have heard your uncle mention that packet of guineas? - Yes.

You received them from your uncle? - Yes. I carried them to the Axe-inn, Aldermanbury, and received a receipt for it.

Should you know the person you delivered it to if you saw him? - No; there are three several persons I have delivered things to.

You left the packet with the person acting as the book-keeper of Mr. Higginson? - Yes, I did.


I am book-keeper to Mr. Higginson at the Axe-inn, Aldermanbury.

Do you remember, on the 22d of November a person bringing you a brown paper parcel of money and entering it as an hundred pounds? - Yes, it was young Mr. Norman. I packed it up and put it into the waggon, to go to Manchester. The prisoner had the care of the waggon.

Did he know the money was there? - Not to my knowledge. The waggon set off about two or three in the afternoon. He was to go as far as Beover with it.

Do you know how long you received it before it was put into the waggon? - No, I do not.


I am the master of the waggon that goes from London to Manchester; I live at Beover. The waggon went out of town on the 22d of November; it arrived at Beover on the 30th, at about seven or eight o'clock in the morning. The goods we divided for the different distant places. There was a small parcel directed for John Morris and Co. Manchester. I put it into the hamper we put the small parcels in; I found it tied to another parcel; I pulled a knife out of my pocket and cut the string. When the waggon came to be loaded for Manchester, I gave it to Darlington, and bid him tie it to another parcel in the waggon and load it safe. I saw it fastened in the waggon before I went away; I went into the house when he tied it.

Did you see it packed in the Manchester waggon? - I did not, I went away as they began loading the waggon.

The waggon went from Beover in the morning to Manchester? - Yes, in the care of Richard Kinsey . He came into the yard and took the waggon out.

Before he took the care of the waggon it remained in the yard all night? - Yes. I did not know any thing was missing till Saturday the 2d of December, then I received a letter that the package was lost. I wrote a letter back by the post to my book-keeper at Manchester, that I hoped it was delivered by mistake, as it was tied to another parcel.

(The prisoner was not called upon for his defence.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s; Not Guilty
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine; Imprisonment

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148, 149. GEORGE TOWNSEND and JOSEPH EDWARDS were indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 20 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 5 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 5 s. a cloth great coat, value 30 s. a linen dressing gown, value 2 s. a pair of silver tongs, value 5 s. two silver tea-spoons, value 5 s. and a pair of plated shoe-buckles, value 1 s. the property of William Foster , in the dwelling-house of Thomas Crippin , January 13th .


I lodge at Thomas Crippin 's, in Little Russel-street, Drury-lane ; I have a first floor there. I lost the things mentioned in

the indictment, except the spoons, which are not my property, out of the lodgings on Saturday the 13th of January. I am sure they had been in my room that day. I had been upon duty; I came home, took off my regimentals, and went out. When I came home I missed the things. I saw both the prisoners in Bow-street; they were then in the custody of Mr. Allen.


I lived facing Crippin's house. I followed Townsend from the house. The clothes he had with him were wrapped up in a blue great coat. I brought Townsend back to the lodgings. Then I took him and the clothes to the office in Bow-street. I saw Edwards standing within forty yards of the house, just before I was told the house was robbed.


I am a hair-dresser in Martin's-court, Drury-lane. I was told there had been some thieves there between eleven and twelve o'clock. I watched and saw both the prisoners together. I followed them into Exeter-street. I saw Townsend go into a house; he staid a considerable time, during that time Edwards staid at the door. Townsend came out of Crippin's house with a bundle under a brown great coat. When I saw Townsend go into the house, he had no bundle at all; Edwards followed him. I told Allen I thought they were thieves. I said if he would seise one I would seise the other. I followed Edwards and brought him back; he was then about forty yards behind the other prisoner, Townsend.


I came up as they had secured the prisoners. I searched Townsend and found this pair of buckles in his waistcoat pocket (producing them). Townsend endeavoured to pull out privately two handkerchiefs which were concealed in his breeches.

Prosecutor. These are my buckles; I left them in my lodgings when I went out about eleven o'clock.


I leave myself to the mercy of the court.


I was not with the prisoner at the time he was taken up.

To the Prosecutor. What is the value of the things? - At the lowest valuation they are worth to be sure 48 s.

TOWNSEND GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.


(After the jury had brought in their verdict, it was represented to the court by the governor of Tothil-fields, Bridewell, that the prisoner, Townsend, had a few days preceding the trial been very instrumental in preventing the escape of several of the prisoners; and had, at the risque of his own life, rescued one of the turnkeys, who was in the power of the conspirators. In consideration of this meritorious behaviour the court sentenced the prisoner to be only fined one shilling , and imprisoned one month .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-24

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150. WILLIAM RUSSEL was indicted for that he, in the king's highway, in and upon Samuel Glover , feloniously did make an assault putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a great coat, value 10 s. a linen stock, value 6 d. a silver stock-buckle, value 3 s. a pair of plated shoe-buckles, value 6 d. and a half crown in monies, numbered , the property of the said Samuel, January 11th .


On Thursday the 11th of January, about eight o'clock at night, as I was walking by myself between the White Swan and the Ivy House , a little beyond the Haberdasher's alms-houses, at Hoxton , by a dead wall which runs about the space of two or three hundred yards. I saw four men at a distance.

Was it light? - Yes, the moon was at the full the day before. When I had got fifty or sixty yards lower down the wall two of them came forward. Russell was one, and I believe Milbourne was the other, but not seeing his face, I will not swear positively he was the man. The other two staid a little

behind. I had some suspicion then that I should be attacked. I got as near the ditch side as I could, they were next the wall; when I came even with them, one of them put something out from him and said stop! whether it was a bludgeon or what I cannot say. He then said Your watch and your money! I said, gentlemen, I have no watch and very little money. Then the man who was next the wall, who I take to be Milbourne, seized me by the collar and turned me above half way round and set my face towards the field; then the prisoner took some weapon, or cutlass, out of his bosom; it was very bright, and had a picked point. He said, if your stir, or make the least noise, you are a dead man! and he pointed it to my left breast; then the other man, who I believe to be Milbourne, put his hand into my pocket and pulled out a shilling which I had had returned the day before as a bad one; and out of my right-hand pocket he took a shilling and sixpence more; by this time the other two came up behind me; they pushed my hat over my eyes. One of them asked me, what my shoe-buckles were? I said, plated. One said have them. When they asked me the question about the buckles, I pushed my hat on one side to answer them. I saw the prisoner then standing before me with the weapon as before. As I moved my hat one of the men behind me struck me with his hand, d - d me, and bid me keep my hat as it was. One behind asked what my stock-buckle was? I told him it was silver, and they took it from my stock. Then one of them put his hand into my side pocket, but finding nothing but a letter, he did not take it. One of them then said, d - n his eyes, have his coat; they pulled of my coat by force; as soon as they hat got off my coat, they drew the weapon across my neck, the back of it as I suppose, for it did not cut me; and then they left me. As they went away my hat fell upon the ground; I picked it up and a handbasket which lay about three or four yards from me, which I had before in my hand. I saw the four men going away together; when they were about thirty or forty yards from me, I heard my cane, which they had taken from me, drop; I went after them, and took it up, and then I returned towards home.

Are you positive the prisoner was one of them? - Yes, I am. He stood right before me, and I looked him full in the face. I had my eye on his face all the time till the other came up.

Had he any disguise on his face? - None at all. He had a cocked hat; the other man had a flapped hat.

Could you see him perfectly plain? - Yes; he had a light coloured close-bodied coat and a great coat on. On Monday the 29th, having heard that some footpads were taken up, I went to Bow-street, and was informed they were to be brought up on the Thursday following. I attended on Thursday, and five men were brought up to the bar. I was asked whether any of them were the men who robbed me? I told them I could not be positive to any of the five. Then Russell was brought up; I said immediately, that is the man who robbed me. He had the same light coloured close-bodied coat on then which he had on when he robbed me.


On the 25th of January I took the prisoner in company with Townsend and Powell, at the Thatched House, a publick-house in Field-lane. I did not find any thing upon them.


There were some people here were in company with me that night from six to ten o'clock at the Thatched House, but they are not here now.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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151. JOHN LANGHORN was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 20 l. a gold watch chain, value 5 l. a cornelian stone seal set in gold, value 40 s. a gold watch key, value 5 and a trinket set in gold, value

10 s. the property of Henry Rogers , January 30th .


I lost my watch on the 30th of January, 1780. It was a gold one jewelled; it had to it a gold chain; a seal set in gold; a gold key, and a gold trinket. I was coming from a friend's house at Woodford Wells in Essex, in a post chaise; before I set out it was intimated to me that a number of robberies had been committed on the road a night or two before; therefore when I got into the chaise I hung my watch up by the hook on the lining of the chaise behind me, in order to secure it. I set off about nine o'clock, we came to town over Lea-bridge, through Hackney, and came into town at Shorditch. The chaise broke down in Bishopsgate-street, I suppose then it was near eleven o'clock. There was a gentleman in the chaise with me who is in the West-India trade; he is not here. We got out of the chaise in a hurry and took a Hackney coach to my sister's in Dyers-buildings, Holbourn, where I then resided. As I was going to bed I recollected I had left my watch in the chaise; I was satisfied it was safe as it was at the One Swan, Bishopsgate-street, where I have hired chaises for years. In the morning I went to the counting-house of Mr. Belvedore, in Bishopsgate-street, and sent my servant to enquire after the watch; he came back and said they could not find it. I then went myself, and I then understood that the post boy and the horses I went out of town with and brought me back did not belong to the inn, but were hired. I requested Mr. Sexton, the master of the inn to send for the boy; the prisoner went for him, as I understood; the prisoner was clerk to Mr. Sexton, the master of the One Swan; the post boy came, I threatened to have him taken up; supposing he must have my watch. Mr. Sexton, the post boy, and the prisoner, were in the counting-house when I challenged him with having my watch. He said he had not seen it; that he drove into the yard, took the horses out, and went home with them, as soon as he had told some of the people that there was a glass of the chaise broke, and bid them go down the yard to see that it was broke. I advertised the watch for three months at ten guineas reward, but never heard of it till about the 16th or 20th of December; then a person was taken up on offering it to pawn in the Strand; that was on a Saturday. I was desired to attend at the office in Bow-street on the Tuesday; I went and found the watch in the possession of the pawnbroker, and the chain in the possession of one of the men who attends the office.


I am a pawnbroker. On Saturday, I believe it was the 16th of December, the prisoner brought a gold watch to me to pledge; I thought the watch too good for him to wear and stopped him; he said it was his own, and that his name was John Bell .

To the Prosecutor. Had the watch any particular mark? - It was a stop watch made by a friend, John Lee , in the year, 1779; I wished to have a mark to know it by, and desired him to put as the number 779.

(The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

WILLIAM PURSE Cross examined.

At the office he acknowledged what his true name was? - Yes; and said the watch belonged to Mr. Rogers. I think however he gave such an account of it that they found Mr. Rogers.

Court. How did he say he came by it? - He did not give any account how he came by it.

To Mr. Rogers. You are sure the prisoner was at the inn when you enquired about the watch? - Yes; he went for the boy and came with him, and he knew the business he was sent for.


On the 16th of December in the evening the prisoner was brought to the office and searched; he told us the watch was Mr. Rogers's; that the chain was concealed in the hay loft at the One Swan, but that nobody could find it without him. I went to Mr. Rogers to let him know the watch was found, and the next morning went with the prisoner in a coach. He took the chain out of his master's hay loft and gave it me; he said some time afterwards that he found the watch in the chaise.

(The chain was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor).


At the time I found it, I did not know whose property it was.

(The prisoner called five witnesses who had known him many years, and who gave him an extraordinary good character).


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-26
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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152. JOHN BROWN was indicted for stealing ten iron tiers for coach wheels, value 17 s. the property of Samuel Laver , Dec. 12th .


I am a watchman in Smithfield, at the corner of Chick-lane. On the 12th of December, at about half after eleven o'clock, as I was standing at my box, I saw four men come up Chick-lane; one stopped at the corner; the others went forward and went down Durham-yard. I called another watchman; we both went almost to the bottom of the yard opposite Mr. Laver's house, where I met the prisoner with something on his shoulder. I took him by the collar and asked him what he had got; he d - d me, and said what was that to me, it was his own property. He threw it off his shoulder; they were ten tires of coach wheels done up in a check apron. Another man ran down the yard, some watchmen went after him but he escaped. We took the prisoner and the iron to the watch-house. Mr. Laver came and claimed the iron. The prisoner begged of him to be merciful and let him go and serve his majesty.

( - Walker the other watchman confirmed the evidence of Trimby).

(The iron was produced in court by the constable and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I went down the yard to ease myself and saw the parcel lie there; I put it on my shoulder to take it home till I found an owner for it; as I was coming out of the yard this man stopped me and took it from me.

GUILTY Imp. 3 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-27
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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153. LEVI SOLOMON was indicted for stealing a piece of linen cloth, containing fifty yards, value 30 s. and ten pieces of Manchester check, containing four hundred yards, value 20 l. the property of Henry Evans and Thomas Martin , January 11th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner).


I am porter to Mess. Evans and Martin. I was going with a load into the Borough; I pitched it on London Stone in Cannon-street; it contained ten pieces of check and one of sheeting. There came a man and pitched a hamper by it; he said he had three halfpence if I would be a halfpenny to it we would have a pint of purl, and I might go over the way and order it. I went and ordered it; when I came back the man was sitting down by my load. I went over again to the publick house and told them to make it hot, and I paid for the purl and came away directly; I did not stay for the purl; then my load and knot were gone. I enquired of the two porters, who told me a man with a load had ran up Swithin's-lane. I followed and overtook the prisoner with my load on his back; I laid hold of his coat flap and said he had got my load; upon that he pitched it back and made an attempt to run down Lombard-street, but we both fell down; he got about ten yards from my load; I brought him back to the place where my load lay and his hat fell down, and then he put on a cocked hat and said me have your load, how could I have your load with a cocked hat. I never let him go till I secured him.


I am a constable; I was called and the porter Townsend gave me charge of the prisoner.

(The goods were produced in court, and deposed to by Mr. Evans the prosecutor).


The load is 200 wt. I could not carry it if I might have 1000 l. it is impossible to carry a knot with such an hat as this. The witness found a porter's hat in the street.

For the prisoner.


I am foreman to Mr. Askew a plumber; I was at the Post-office having a letter to send to Hoddesdon, in Hertfordshire. The prisoner was in the office at the time; that was Tuesday or Wednesday night the 10th or 11th of April.

Was that in April? - January I mean; I never was in such a thing before and made a mistake. It was about six weeks ago.

Did you know the prisoner? - I have seen him in Bishopsgate-street and know him by sight; he is a butcher by trade; he was delivering a letter into the Post-office. He spoke to me and said how do you do? we came out of the Post-office together; we came along the corner of Pope's-head-Alley there was a quarrelling or wrangling; the prisoner being a young man ran over the way to see what it was, and I walked after him as fast I could; there was a mob and a lusty man lay down on the ground and another man lay over him. The man that was under pushed the other from him and ran away, and they called out stop thief! the prisoner at the bar pushed against them, or ran between them; however this man catched hold of the prisoner and said he was the man who committed the robbery.

Who was it that laid hold of the prisoner? - I cannot say.

Should you know him again if you saw him? - I do not know but I might. (Townsend stands up) it was much such a man as that, but I cannot say it was him, but the person the man had knocked down was lustier than he is a great deal. I stopped there a little while to see what was the matter; this person, I believe, it was looked about and saw a round hat with a knot. The prisoner had a cocked hat when he was with me.

To Townsend. You hear what this witness says; is it true that the first man you laid hold of got away, and you laid hold of another man afterwards? - It is not true; I laid hold of the prisoner's coat; he had my load on his back. I never let him go till he was at the Compter. The cry stop thief! was never repeated.

Did you never let him go out of your hands? - No.

Did you see that witness there? - I cannot recollect that I saw him there; it was my knot and load, but the flapped hat was not mine.

When he threw down the load he had a cocked hat? - He had a round hat on when he was down, and a cocked hat when he got up.

After he dropped the load, could he have changed his hat? - I cannot say.

For the Prosecution.

JOHN READ sworn.

I am an apprentice to Mr. Copland, an oilman, in Queen-street. As I was going by London-Stone, I heard the porter Townsend, complaining he had lost his load. Two porters told him a man was gone up Sweeting's-alley, with a load. Townsend and I went after the man; I saw the man in Sweeting's-alley; Townsend got the start of me, and took hold of the man's tail; that man was the prisoner. The bundle fell down. I came up and took hold of his collar; presently after a man came up and took up a knot and an hat.

Did you see the prisoner throw down the load? - Yes, I saw him throw it down.

Had Townsend hold of him before he threw down the load? - I cannot say; he was close to him; they were down together.

Did he ever get away from Townsend after he laid hold of him? - No he did not.

Are you sure the prisoner is the man? - He is.

Prisoner. I have no other witnesses; a gentleman came to the Compter last Sunday; they said I had no occasion to provide any friends for the prosecutor would not prosecute me.


[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-28
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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154. WILLIAM CRAWFORD otherwise FIELD was indicted for stealing three silver table-spoons, value 30 s. the property of Joseph Malkin ; and a silver table-spoon, value 8 s. the property of Susannah Allen , widow , December 16th .


I am a tailor ; I live in Kirby-street, Hatton-garden. On the 15th of December the Prisoner, who was a servant to an hair-dresser , came to shave and dress a gentleman who lodges with me. He came again the next morning, and when he was gone the things mentioned in the indictment were missing.


I lost three spoons of my own, and one of Mrs. Allen's; I know nothing of the stealing of them.


I am servant to Mrs. Malkin. The prisoner came on the 15th to the lodger; he came again on the 16th at a quarter after seven o'clock; I let him in. He said the gentleman ordered him to come at that time. I made the water for him. I said it was hot. He put his fingers in and said it was not hot enough. He put it down again on the trivet and said, by the time I had been up stairs to call the gentleman, it would be hot enough. I went up stairs and came down again immediately. I found the water thrown down in the passage and the street-door open. The spoons were taken off a shelf in the kitchen. At eight o'clock the other hair-dresser came, who I thought was gone away, which surprised me.


I am a barber. The prisoner came to me on the 15th of December. I sent him to dress the gentleman at Mr. Malkin's; he ran away on the 15th after dinner, and I saw no more of him. He was not sent by me on the 16th. A person on the 15th came into the shop who said he knew the prisoner, that he was just come from ballast-heaving. The prisoner ran away directly.


I never went there on the 16th. I burnt my arm on the 15th.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-29
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine

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155. HENRY ABEL was indicted for stealing a wooden chest, value 10 s. seven yards of cotton for a gown, value 19 s. eight yards of linen cloth, value 5 s. two stuff gowns, value 15 s. two cotton gowns, value 10 s. two linen gowns value 40 s. a silk gown, value 40 s. a crape gown, value 10 s. two pair of women's stays, value 20 s. a Marseilles petticoat, value 10 s. three dimitty petticoats, value 10 s. three stuff petticoats, value 14 s. six linen shifts, value 15 s. ten linen aporns, value 10 s. a muslin apron edged with lace, value 15 s. a muslin handkerchief edged with lace, value 3 s. a worked muslin handkerchief, value 5 s. six muslin handkerchiefs, value 18 s. two silk handkerchiefs, value 8 s. four linen handkerchiefs, value 5 s. two pair of linen mitts, value 5 s. a pair of leather gloves, value 2 s. two paper boxes, value 6 d. a silk cloak, value 20 s. three pair of silk stockings, value 6 s. and three pair of cotton stockings, value 4 s. the property of Elisabeth Croudy , spinster , January 24th .


I lodged while I was out of place with Mr. Rocket, in Black Swan-court, opposite St. Paul's church. On the 24th of January I took a coach to go to a place, Mr. Holt's in Chancery-lane, between seven and eight o'clock at night; the prisoner drove the coach. I got out of the coach to rap at the door, to deliver my band-box and hat box. I was not above two minutes before I returned to the coach; when I came to the coach door, the chest was gone. I asked him what he had done with it? He said, What chest? as if he knew nothing about it. Then he said he gave it to a man. My master detained him at the door, and questioned him

about it? but what he said to him I do not know. The maid is here who heard what he said.

Have you ever found the chest again? - No, nor nothing in it. When I went in the prisoner was off the coach-box.

Did he open the door of the coach for you? - No, he did not.

Did you see any other man there? - Not that I know of; none that belonged to me.

Did he stand near the coach door when you got out of the coach and went into the house? - I cannot say; he was off the coach-box. When I came out he was standing with his back to the coach-door, and the door was shut.

Did the coachman assist in lifting the chest into the coach? - Yes, it was so large one person could not lift it in, it was as much as two men could lift.

Was you in the house when you delivered the band-box and hat-box? - I set down the boxes in the passage; the servant was in the passage; the door was not shut; the servant never left the door.

Are you sure you was not above two minutes in the passage? - Yes, I am very sure.

Was any other man there? - When the coach got to Mr. Holt's a man came and opened the coach door and said, is this the house, my dear, you want to go to? I said, yes. Then I got out and rapped at the door myself. My master let him go home then, and he was taken at night. The prisoner said he had given my chest to the man who took my hat-box and band-box out of my hand as I came out of the coach. He was standing with his back to the coach-door. I opened the door, and saw the chest was not there.

Could one person carry the chest? - One person could not take it out of the coach, I believe, but if it was taken out one person might carry it.


I helped to carry the chest out of Black Swan-court to the coach; the coachman assisted to help it into the coach; I saw the door fastened outside, and she went round and got in the other side, with her band-boxes, and I stood there till the prisoner got on the box and drove away.

HANNAH - sworn.

I was at Mr. Holt's in the place of a servant, till they got one. Elisabeth Croudy came; I opened the door; I had a light in my hand; I turned round to show her to set down her boxes in the passage. She went out for her chest and the coachman stood with his back against the coach door. She demanded her chest; the door was shut.

How long had she been in the passage before she came out to demand the chest? - Not three minutes, the outside. The coachman seemed surprised and said what chest? She said, what have you done with it? He said he had given it to the man who opened the coach door to her. We kept him till a constable was sent for. He was examined. What passed I cannot say; I did not hear; I did not go from the door.

Did you see any person standing by the coach besides the prisoner? - No.

Did you hear any person talking to him? - No.

If he had been talking to any person was you near enough to hear? - Yes; he drove close to the pavement.


I took up the prosecutrix at St. Paul's; she directed me to carry her to Chancery-lane, the next door to the Hole in the Wall; she said I must enquire for it; I stopped and asked a woman, who said I must go a little farther and enquire; I drove there and got down and asked her if that was the place; she said she did not know, I must go into the Hole in the Wall and enquire if that was Mr. Holt's, I went in; a coachman said, I will go and shew you the door, and if my carriage is in the way I will move it; when I came there the woman was gone out of the coach, and had given her band box to a man who was by her. She went in and a man said you must assist me with this on my back; I did and put the cushions right and shut the door and went and demanded the money; when I demanded the money the man and the chest were gone; I thought the man belonged to the house; she asked me for the

chest; I told her I thought the man had got it she gave the box to. I did not observe which way the man went with it.

For the prisoner.

- WHITAKER sworn.

I am a coachman; I drove Mr. Justice Gould at the time this happened; I am out of place now. I was at the Hole in the Wall in Chancery-lane; the prisoner came in to ask where Mr. Holt lived; I told him I would show him the door, it was the next door; if my carriage was in the way I would move it. There was a woman with a box in her hand and a man on the off side of the coach, who he was I cannot say; I went in again immediately to the company; in less than three minutes they came in for a constable; I was there present, I had not drank my beer. Mr. Vates who keeps the Hole in Wall was the constable; Vates was gone out with some beer; I believe it might want a quarter of eight o'clock; I was ordered to be at Serjeants-Inn at eight o'clock. When they came in for a constable I went out to see what was the matter.

When you went out what account did the man give of the box? - He gave no account of it at all; he said he did not know what was become of it; that she got out of the coach before he got back, and there was a man standing by her.

Court. I thought you said something just now of the man being on the other side of the coach? - He stood close to the wall.

On the same side of the coach with her? - Yes; only at the back part of the coach.

Was the coach door open or shut at that time? - It was open when we went out.


I keep the Hole in the Wall; the prisoner came to my house to enquire for Mr. Holt's. I don't know any thing more of the matter.

(The prisoner called ten other witnesses who gave him an extraordinary good character.)

Court to Elizabeth Croudy . What place did you tell the prisoner to enquire for when he took you to Chancery-lane? - I told him Mr. Holt's, that it was the next door to the Hole in the Wall.

When you came to Chancery-lane did you tell him to enquire any where for the house? - No; I did not; he stopped in the middle of the street and asked a person going by which was the Hole in the Wall. He had no occasion to ask for the house for I told him it was next door to it; he drove right up to the door and stopped opposite Mr. Holt's door.

Had you ever seen the man before who asked you if that was the door you wanted? - No.

Did you see any person about the coach when you got in at St. Paul's? - I cannot say.

Do you know whether there was one or two persons on the box? - That I cannot pretend to say.

When he stopped at Mr. Holt's door did you say any thing to him or he to you before he went into the Hole in the Wall? - I called to him and told him this was the door; he made no answer.

Was the glass down or up? - It was down; I put my head out of the window.

Was he off the box when you called out? - Yes; I heard him get off the box.

Did you hear him get off the box after the window was down? - Yes; when the coach stopped I let down the window and called out to him this is the house.

Was there any noise in the street at that time? - No; there were no coaches passing at that time.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Fine. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-30
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

156. JACOB MENDOZA was indicted for stealing a cotton petticoat, value 20 s. a silk bonnet, value 2 s. a japan bread basket, value 1 s. a linen window curtain, value 6 d. a mahogany frame with three drawers, value 4 s. and a pair of paste ear-rings, value 10 s. the property of George Kennedy , Feb. 3d .


I am the wife of George Kennedy ; I live in King Edward-street, Wapping . While I was sitting in the kitchen I heard a whispering in the parlour; I went up and saw the

prisoner making his escape out of the parlour window. I got up to him before he got out of the window and laid hold of the heel of his shoe; he gave me a shove and said blast you let me go, and he got out at the window. I called out stop thief! and he was taken and brought back in two or three minutes with the hings mentioned in the indictment upon him (repeating them).

Are you sure the prisoner is the person? - Yes; to the best of my knowledge he is. I had a candle in my hand and looked him full in the face.


As I was going into King Edward-street, I heard Mrs. Kennedy calling out of the window

"stop thief! stop thief! the lord

"knows what the thief has got." I looked round and saw the prisoner with a bag under his right arm, and a bonnet in his left hand. I pursued him and just as I was going to lay hold of him, he threw the bundle in my face and turned back and ran down King Edward-street again. I had a full view of his face; I am sure the prisoner is the person.

(The goods mentioned in the indictment were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix).


I heard the cry of stop thief! I went to the door and saw the prisoner running; I laid hold of him; he slipped out of his coat and got from me, but was immediately secured by another person.


I saw the prisoner running; he dropped his hat, I took it up and pursued him. When he was brought back he asked for his hat and I gave it him.


I pursued the prisoner and saw him taken.

Prisoner. I leave my defence to my counsel.

(The prisoner called seven witnesses, who gave him a good character).


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-31

Related Material

157. CATHARINE DICKS was indicted for obtaining by means of a false oath letters of administration to receive the wages of Richard Wallather , a seaman , on board his majesty's ships the Boyne and Grafton, against the statute .


I am clerk in the Navy-office. I have here the books belonging to the Boyne and Grafton; ( refers to the book of the Boyne). Richard Wallather entered on board the Boyne the 1st of July 1777, and continued as a seaman to the 2d of May, 1778.

Is there any other Richard Wallather entered in that book? - No; there is no other of that name; (refers to the book of the Grafton.) I have his name here entered as a seaman on the 26th of May, 1778; and he died the 23d of July 1779.

Does there appear to have been wages due to the same man? - Yes; there is no sum, it is only a muster book which is returned to the office every two months.

Is the name Dicks in that book? - Yes; in the Grafton as an able seaman; he was in her from the 6th of January 1778 to the 27th of September, 1779, when he was discharged as an invalid.


I am a proctor. (A warrant for taking out letters of administration shown the witness). This is my hand writing; I attended before Dr. Ducarel when this warrant was granted. I don't recollect the person of the prisoner. (the letters of administration were read).

You was present when the person attended and took the oath? - I was; this warrant contains the form of the allegation laid before the doctor when they had taken the oath.

Is the oath administered without any writing? - Yes.

Dr. DUCAREL sworn.

I am surrogate to the prerogative court.

You have power to administer an oath? - Yes viva voce; the oath is administered according to the evidence given (looks at the warrant). I administer the oath and then sign the warrant; this is signed by me; it is signed underneath by the proctor.


I know the prisoner; I attended with her and her husband at the Commons on the 25th of February last, in order to assist or give directions in taking out administration to one Richard Wallather , who she said was her brother and next of kin. I asked her if he had a father or mother, or wife or child? she said no; and she was his only sister.

She took that affidavit before Dr. Ducarel? - Yes; I was present.

Cross Examination.

How long had you known the prisoner? - I never saw her until the day before, when she and another woman came to me.

Did you go into the office where Dr. Ducarel was? - I went in and entered into a bond with her husband as a surety, which is a ceremony in that court; there was an oath administered, I do not know by whom.


I am clerk of the register office in the prerogative office; (produces the register).

Did you see the parties sign that register? - Yes.

Do you know the parties? - No.

To Sherring. Did you sign that register? - (looking at it). Yes; that is my hand writing.

You was present when the prisoner was there? - Yes.


I am an agent in the navy. The prisoner applied to me on or about the latter end of May, or the beginning of June, in the last year; she and her husband brought me this administration (producing it). [The letters of administration dated the 26th of February 1780, were read]. They came afterwards and brought a certificate of the parish in which they were inhabitants which is required in the office, and desired me to get the wages due to her brother on that administration; accordingly on the 21st of June 1780, they called on me, and I having received the money for the Grafton. I paid them nine pound eighteen shillings, and this is her receipt (producing it) signed with her mark (it was read). The Boyne was then abroad. When I heard she was come home, in the course of business, I sent that administration down to Plymouth. I received advice of the money to be paid. Catherine Dicks applied to me, I think on the 28th or 29th of December last, and asked me whether I had received the wages of the Boyne. I turned to my book, and saw I had received the advice, and told her her husband should come and give me a receipt. They came on the 30th; I paid the money and they both signed the receipt (producing it) for seven pounds nine shillings and six pence (it was read in court).

JOHN KEYS sworn.

Did you see the prisoner sign those two receipts? - I did.


Richard Wallather was my husband; we were married at St. Nicholas church, at Cork in Ireland; he was on board the Boyne; I was eight days on board with him. I got an account of his being on board the Grafton afterwards.

Do you know any thing of the prisoner? - No, I never knew any thing of her till I came to London.

Cross Examination.

You do not know of your own knowledge that he was on board the Grafton? - No.

When did you hear of him last? - About three years ago, he was stationed for the West Indies.

He may be in the West Indies now for what you know? - No, I have received proper accounts to the contrary.


I live in Wentworth-street, in the parish of Whitechapel.

Do you know Mrs. Wallather? - Yes.

Did you know her husband Richard Wallather ? - Yes.

Do you remember his entering into his majesty's service? - Yes.

Do you know any thing of their marriage? - No, only seeing their certificate and their living together as man and wife.

Do you know any thing of the prisoner? - Only of her being examined at Guildhall.

Did you know any of the family of Wallather in Ireland? - Yes, I knew his father; he left four children, John, Margaret,

Johanna, and Richard. They are all alive now except Richard, unless they have died lately.

Is the prisoner one of them? - No.

Cross Examination.

How long is it since you left Ireland? - Eight months.

How long did you know the family? - Twenty-five years.

To Eleanor Wallather . Did you know your husband's sisters? - Yes.

Is the prisoner either of them? - No, she is not.


Did you know Wallather the husband of that woman? - Yes.

What family had he? - Two sisters and a brother.

Is the prisoner either of the sisters? - No.

Did you know both the sisters? - Yes, and the two brothers too.


I had a brother of the same name; I received an account of his death, my maiden name was Catherine Wallather ; there were plenty of men in the ship heard him acknowledge that I was his sister. The ship is not at home now.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

(She received sentence of death before her husband was put upon his trial.)

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-32
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

157 SAMUEL SHELLEY was indicted for feloniously receiving a silverpunch strainer, value 30 s. a silver pint mug, value 3 l. four silver saltcellars, value 3 l. a silver soopladle, value 40 s. a silver punch ladle, value 7 s. five silver table spoons, value 3 l. two silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. four silver salt ladles, value 5 s. the property of James Steward , being parcel of goods, for stealing whereof Ann Martin , otherwise Harris, otherwise Lansdale, was convicted, he, the said Samuel Shelly , well knowing them to have been stolen , against the statute, &c. October 5th .

(The record of the conviction of Ann Martin was prodced and read).

Mrs. MARY STEWARD sworn.

I live in Vauxhall-place. Ann Martin was tried and convicted here last session, for stealing from me, among other things, the articles mentioned in the indictment. Ann Martin was taken up the 20th of December, or the 21st. I went with Ann Martin to Mr. Shelley's, in consequence of some information she had given of Mr. Shelley, on the 23d of December; Mrs. Eltoff and two officers belonging to the publick office, likewise went with me. A Mrs. Simpson was likewise with us, but she is not well. The two officers were Carpmeal and M'Manus. When I went in, Mr. Shelley was in the parlour, behind the shop. I said,

"I am sorry I am come upon this disagreeable occasion; here is a woman who has robbed me, and she says she sold the property to you." The hand-bill, giving a list of the pieces of plate was produced. Mr. Shelley said,

"he was going to dinner and could not be spoken with," and he behaved very abruptly to me.

Was the hand-bill shewn to him? - Yes; and the day was mentioned to him when the plate was bought, the 5th of October, and that he gave ten pounds fifteen shillings for it. He said

"he had bought no such plate." I mentioned every article to him. I desired him

"to look over his books as I thought it was customary to make minutes of what they bought." He replied,

"Yes, you who buy things but once a year might make minutes of it." He was so angry at my coming he was almost ready to push me out at the door. I went back to Justice Fielding's and begged, if it was not too late, they would grant a search warrant,

but it being Saturday night, it was past the time. The day after Christmas day, the Tuesday, a search warrant was granted. My brother and I, with the officers Carpmeal and M'Manus, who executedthesearch-warrant, went to Mr. Shelley's, they said

"they had a warrant, and they desired they might look over the plate in the shop."

Did Mr. Shelley say any thing in particular? - Nothing particular that I recollect; indeed I was so hurried that I could not be very particular in what he did say. My brother looked round the shop and said,

"Madam, I believe that is your strainer." It hung at the end of the counter, on the right-hand at the corner.

Was it among the other articles of plate that were there exposed to sale? - I could not see that. I did not see any other strainer or any thing but that. In that place there were candlesticks; it was at the very top of the show-glass. One of Mr. Shelley's shop-men got upon the counter and reached it down,

You looked at it? - I did.

Did you know it? - Yes, I know it to be my husband's or mine.

Was there any crest, arms, or cypher? - There was no name or arms upon it, but I knew it by a remarkable bruise on one side of the strainer on the bottom.

Had you observed that bruise particularly before you lost the strainer? - Many years.

From that mark were you able to be certain it was your strainer? - I was.

Are you now certain that the strainer which was found there was your property? - I know it to be so; it was one of the pieces of plate which was stolen from me by Ann Martin .

Were there any other of those things found in the prisoner's shop? - There was not.

What did Shelley say after that? - He refused to let the officers take it away at first, but they said they must have it, then he suffered it to be taken away to the office. Mr. Shelley said, "It did not belong to me, and he would bring people, or could bring somebody to prove it, and he did me be careful of what I said." Then we went to Sir John Fielding 's. In the evening of the same Tuesday Mr. Shelley came to Justice Fielding's office. The justices told Mr. Shelley he did not do right in not owning to the purchase of the plate, and he said he would have granted a search-warrant on the Saturday had it not been too late. Ann Martin and Mr. Shelley were both at the bar, and the girl said

"that was the property she sold Mr. Shelley."

Was that in the presence of Mr. Shelley? - Yes.

Whatever Ann Martin said in the presence of Mr. Shelley, you may relate? - She told Mr. Shelley,

"he was himself the person she sold the plate to; that he came down in the morning rather before nine o'clock, on the 5th of October, in a morning gown, and weighed the plate, and paid her ten pounds fifteen shillings for it; that it was the first shop that was opened." She said she told him,

"that she did not understand the value of plate, but begged he would give her the value of it; that as she was going out she said, Sir, you gave me nothing for the glasses. She said he replied to her, he could not give her any thing for the glasses, for when they sold the salts they must give away the glasses."

When Mr. Shelley heard Ann Martin say what you have now related, did he make any answer to that? - He said,

"His shop-man bought the plate." He brought a narrow book under his arm, and said,

"his man had made minutes of it but he did not know it before." He looked in the book and said,

"there were minutes of ten pounds fifteen given for this plate."

This was the sum you mentioned to him before at his shop? - Yes.

Did he then pretend to look at this book? - No; he would not look at the book, although I asked him to do so.

Cross Examination.

There was some mark on your plate? - Some of it was marked with a cypher I S.

What value would you yourself have set upon the plate you have lost? - I cannot pretend to tell the value; I did not buy any of it.

You have never seen any of the plate since but the strainer? - No.

When you described this strainer at the justice's, I suppose he asked you what marks there were upon it? - It was particularly described in the hand-bills which were printed the day the things were stolen. I told him,

"There was a very singular mark on it, by which I should know it from any others;" it had had a violent bruise which had raised the reverse side. There are some holes made with something sharp pointed.

Court. Did you mention that mark particularly to Mr. Shelley? - I did not; I told him

"there was a mark I should know it by."

I presume there was no great politeness or civility passed between you and the prisoner at the bar, when you went to his shop on the Saturday, and apprised him that he was suspected of being the person to whom stolen goods had been sold? - I did not tell him any such thing.

The gentleman at the bar being apprised of your suspicions on the Saturday, you come to his shop on the Tuesday and there you found this strainer in a show-glass in the shop? - Yes; he was apprised of it before Saturday, for I had sent before, but he was not in the way.

You say that the justice himself seemed angry? - So he was; he thought it not just I suppose.

However, he said,

"he was not the person who had bought it, but it was his shopman?" - He did say so.

And that minutes were taken in a book of it by that shopman, and the book was produced? - He had the book in his own hand.

Was he asked by the magistrates or any person to shew the book? - I do not recollect that he was.

Court. You have no reason to suppose that he would not have shewn the book if he was asked? - I should suppose not.

From the Prisoner. Whether I did not say I had got the books there and wished Justice Addington to look at them? - I do not recollect that.

Do you recollect where you bought the strainer? - My husband bought it.

The girl said she knew the strainer; she came to you on the 4th, and left you on the morning of the 5th and then she sold these goods? - Yes.

Counsel for the crown. When Shelley said his journeyman had bought it, what did the young woman Harris say.

She said then before the justice,

"No, sir, you are the person that bought it," - I do not recollect that he made any answer to that.

After she said, sir, it was you that bought it, the justice said it was odd he should buy the plate so early? - Mr. Shelley replied,

"sir, if you was at such a rent as I am would not you do the same," or to that effect.

What time did you find the strainer in the shop? - About three o'clock; we went immediately to the office, but the justices were off the bench.

When this strainer was found in the shop, did he or the shopman look at it? - I do not recollect whether he did or not; the man took the strainer down; the prisoner said

"it was not mine."

When he said that, did he himself look at the strainer? - To the best of my knowledge and recollection he did not.

Repeat what it was Shelley said to the justice about standing at a high rent? - When Justice Addington said

"was it proper to buy such plate at that time in the morning and of a servant maid," the girl (Harris) said to Mr. Shelley,

"your's was the first shop that was open; you came down in your morning gown and purchased the plate;" Mr. Shelley made answer

"that if he the justice was as so great a rent as he was he would do the same; he had given the value for it."

Your husband bought this and he is not in England? - No; he is an officer in America.

Counsel for the prisoner. Harris was a decent looking servant? - A very decent looking servant; she came in a check apron and stuff gown.

Court. Did Ann Martin in the presence of Mr. Shelley say what plate she had sold to him? -

"She said all the plate she robbed me of."

Did she say so? - She did indeed.

Can you form a judgement of the value of the plate? - I cannot; I beg to be excused doing that.

Do you know the first cost of any of the articles? - I had a bill of parcels of some of it, which was bought in the Strand. (The strainer was produced in court by the constable, and positively deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

You said there was a mark upon it which you took to be the maker's name? - Yes; it is either W. P. or W. D.


I am brother to Mrs. Steward's husband. I went with my sister and the officers with the search warrant to Mr. Shelley's house on the Tuesday. We looked round, and on the right hand side of the shop I observed a strainer hanging; I believe it was not in a show glass, it was hanging up with some other things. It was at the farther end of the right hand counter.

Does the show glass go all the length of that side of the shop or not? - I do not recollect; I do not believe there was any glass at that part of the shop. I said, sister, there is a strainer something like your's; I desired one of Mr. Shelley's men to reach it down, which he did and my sister looked at it. I had often made use of it at my brother's, and had observed that particular mark upon it; as soon as I had looked at it I was certain it was that which my brother had lost.

Look at it now? - (Inspects it). I am certain to it. As soon as the strainer was given to one of the officers we returned to Bow-street. When my sister claimed the strainer as her's, he said

"he could bring proof he had had it in his shop many months." The justices were gone from the office, so we met there at six in the evening; then the strainer was produced; Ann Harris said

"she sold that strainer with the rest of the plate she had stolen from Mrs. Steward at Mr. Shelley's shop."

Did she say who she had sold it to at Mr. Shelley's shop? - Not at that time.

Did she describe to Mr. Shelley the dress he was in when she sold it to him? - Not at that time; that was, as I understood, when I was not there. When they were brought in gether the justice asked Ann Martin if she did not sell the strainer to Mr. Shelley with the rest of the plate? She said she did.

Did she say any thing more particular? - No!

Did Shelley make any reply? - I did not hear Mr. Shelley say any thing about it.

Should you have heard it if he had said any thing about it? - I do not know whether I should or not, there was such a noise in the court.

Which was nearest to Shelley and the other prisoner, you or Mrs. Steward? - We were both at some distance; we were upon the bench and they were below.

Mrs. Steward and you were together? - Yes.

Did you see any book produced? - None at that time. On the Tuesday noon when the woman came up at twelve o'clock he brought a book with him to the office; that was before the search warrant was granted. The justice asked Mr. Shelley if he bought such plate on such a day? he said he had brought a book where in he had minuted that he bought some plate; but he did not recollect it at the time. Ann Martin said

"she sold the plate in the morning about nine o'clock to Mr. Shelley himself."

Did she say say any thing about his dress? - Not that I heard.

Did she say for what sum? - She mentioned the sum to him on the Saturday night, I do not recollect that she mentioned it again on the Tuesday.

What did Shelley say at that time? - He said that

"he bought some plate, but he was not certain whether she was the person he bought it of or not."

Court. Was that the first answer he made that you heard, when she said she had sold the plate to him? - That was the first answer of Shelley that I heard.

Did he at any time in your hearing say any thing about his shopman? - No.


You was I believe likewise robbed by this

Harris? - I was; I went with Mrs. Steward to Mr. Shelley's house on the Saturday, on the same errand; but it did not prove to be the same shop where my plate was sold.

You did not I believe know Mrs. Steward before? - No; I never had the pleasure of seeing her.

Who was with you? - Mr. Steward, Mrs. Simpson, Mrs. Steward, and myself, and two of the officers of Bow-street; Mrs. Steward went into the shop with Harris and desired to look for the plate that belonged to her; the officer and Mrs. Stewart described the plate, Mr. Shelley looked at Harris and said

"he knew nothing of any such plate." The officers read the hand bill to him afresh and said they had been there before; Mrs. Steward told him

"she was come afresh along with the officers of Bow-street to look for that plate, and begged if he had it that he would own it; for the person present insisted she had sold it at his shop." She then insisted on that very confidently; the prisoner Harris said

"he was the gentleman that bought the plate of her; that she sold it there in the morning as soon as she could get to his shop; his shop being the first she saw open." Mr. Shelley said

"he knew nothing of it," and he behaved very impertinently to Mrs. Steward. Harris then said

"when she came to the shop there was only one of his servants in it; she offered the plate for sale; he bid her stop and he would call his master up; that she stopped, Mr. Shelley got up and came down in his morning gown; that Mr. Shelley took the plate of her and weighed it, and paid her ten pounds fifteen shillings for it." Mr. Shelley said

"he did not recollect any thing of it and he did not choose to be disturbed at that time." Martin or Harris afterwards said

"Sir, if you will recollect when I was going out of the shop I turned back again and said I am a stranger to the value of plate; I hope you have paid me the full price." Mr. Shelley said

"he knew nothing at all of it, he could not recollect one circumstance of it; and he could not be kept from his dinner." He told Mrs. Steward again

"it was a very improper time to come." Harris said I told you

"I had received nothing for the glass? and you said I shall not get a penny by the glass when I sell the salts, and therefore I cannot give any thing for them."

Did he say any thing in answer to that? - No; there were some words between Mr. Shelley and Mrs. Steward about her coming; it was an improper time. I thought at first he would have pushed her out of the shop; then we went to Justice Addington.

Now give an account of what passed when you went before the justice with Mrs. Steward, and Mr. Shelley was present? - He came to Bow-street on the Tuesday afternoon; a warrant was granted to search Mr. Shelley's house. I did not go to Mr. Shelley's then; I was attending the office on my own affair; when I saw Mrs. Steward again they brought a punch strainer which was produced at the office. Mrs. Steward and Mr. Steward both swore the strainer was Mrs. Steward's. Mr. Shelley desired Mrs. Steward

"not to take a false oath, nor to say too much for he could bring a person who had lived with him who would prove he had had it in his possession eight months." The justices desired Ann Martin to give an account how she sold that plate to Mr. Shelley, which Ann Martin did. After she had told the justice that Mr. Shelley was the person that bought the plate of her; she said,

"the reason why she was so particular to Mr. Shelley's person was, he had something of a cast in his eye that she particularized at the time he bought the plate, which she said she could have sworn to."

Has he a cast in his eye? - Mr. Shelley has a cast with his eye.

Is it such a one as you should know him again? - I should know Mr. Shelley. Mr. Shelley then said,

"Pray what did I give you for the plate; did I give you ten pounds thirteen?" She said

"No, you gave me ten pounds fifteen; and I sold all the plate to you." Justice Addington said, you have it posted I dare say, your have your books;

"yes," he said,

"it was under his arm; but he thought it was ten pounds thirteen when he spoke to the prisoner in that manner." He opened his book but I am not clear whether the book was searched or not; he himself I think looked into it; he said "he bought

goods at a very fair price." A very warm altercation ensued between the justice and Mr. Shelley.

Do you recollect any particular expressions Mr. Shelley made use of? - Mr. Shelley told the Justice that

"he would have him to know that he was a man of as fair a character as most men; and that he strove to support his character as much as he did." The Justice said,

"I do not think you do right when you buy silver of people of this cast; for buying such a quantity of plate so early in the morning of a person so dressed, you should have had some suspicions, and enquired who you bought it of; and that when he bought silver to melt, he should not buy plate which was modern and not fit to be melted down." Mr. Shelley said

"if you was to follow my trade, and live as I do, you would act just in the same manner." Mrs. Steward was bound over by the justice, and Mr. Shelley fetched bail.

Cross Examination.

The altercation between Mr. Shelley and the Justice was pretty warm? - I thought pretty warm, but warmer on Mr. Shelley's side than on the Justice's; rather bordering, I thought, upon rudeness to a Justice of Peace.

Therefore it was the Justice soon after this bound Mrs. Steward over to prosecute? - I did not think it was from any resentment, but I think he acted right.


You was at the Justice's when Mr. Shelley was brought there? - I was there on the Tuesday; he came pursuant to an order the Justice had sent to him.

That was before the search warrant was issued? - Before; and I was there too in the afternoon, after the execution of the search warrant. The first time I saw him there he was examined in the presence of Ann Martin , in regard to the plate, he said

"he had bought no such plate." Ann Martin said

"you did buy it of me and you gave me ten pounds fifteen shillings." Mr. Shelley said

"he had no such plate." Mr. Addington asked him very particularly about it; he said

"examine your books;" Mr. Shelley or his man I cannot tell which it was, had a book in their hands; they opened it, but did not shew it to any person. When he persisted in it that he had not bought the plate, Mr. Addington said,

"well we will search his house."

Did Mr. Shelley after he opened and looked in that book, persist in it that he had no such plate? - He did; then the search warrant was granted; I think it must be between two and three o'clock.

Do you know how it happened when the book was produced, and Mr. Shelley still denied knowing any thing of the plate, that the Justice did not have the book inspected? - I thought it odd, but he did not. I was there when Mr. Shelley came in in the evening, which was I bel ieve about seven o'clock. The officer produced a silver strainer which Mrs. Steward identified. Mr. Shelley said

"it was not Mrs. Steward's." He was then asked

"if he had no such plate as was described in his book?" He then changed his note and said to Martin,

"aye, but you told me it was ten pounds thirteen and not ten pounds fifteen." She replied " no I never did say so; I told you and every body else that I told it to, that I sold it for ten pounds fifteen shillings, and ten pounds fifteen shillings you paid me for it." Mr. Shelley said

"how can you say that is the strainer?" She replied,

"I sold you the strainer with the rest, or with all the plate;" or to that effect.

Did she say she had sold him a strainer with the rest of the plate, or that strainer? - I am sure she said that strainer; then Mr. Addington called upon Mrs. Steward to identify it upon oath; then Mr. Shelley broke out rather into a passion and said

"take care, madam, what you say and what you swear;" he repeated it twice over;

"for I have a man who has lived with me and has cleaned this piece of plate, and knows I have had it in my possession for eight or nine months;" he said

"that one of his servants would prove that."


You was the person who produced this strainer? - I did; it has been in my custody ever since it came from Mr. Shelley's shop.


You attended at Mr. Shelley's when this strainer was taken? - Yes; but I took Ann Martin there before the search warrant was granted; I shewed the hand-bill to Mr. Shelley, and he read it. That was on the day Ann Martin was taken up.

Do you know of hand-bills being sent round to the silversmiths? - I went with them. (The hand-bill which described the several pieces of plate particularly was read). I took Ann Martin to the shop; Mr. Shelley was in the shop as we entered the shop. She looked round and said

"this is the shop."

Cross Examination.

Was Mr. Shelley within hearing of this? - He was not a yard from her when she said it. I asked him

"whether he had ever seen that woman before?" He said

"no not to his knowledge."

Had Ann Martin then on the same dress that is described in the hand-bill? - She had on the cloak and every thing as described in the bill.

To Mrs. Steward. Was the description of the hand-bill a true description of the dress in which Ann Martin left your house? - I believe so; it was a description given by me.

Carpmeal. When I asked Mr. Shelley

"if he remembered buying any plate of her?" He said

"no, he never remembered seeing her before." I then took out the handbill and gave it to him; he read it and said

"he had never bought any thing of that sort." We then came out of the shop; I said to Ann Martin , you must certainly be mistaken; from what she said I went in again; I said

"Mr. Shelley be particular, she says she is sure that this is the shop where she sold it." He replied,

"he was sure he had never bought any of her." I asked him,

"if he did not generally book things he bought of that kind?

"He said

"yes always; and for further satisfaction he would look." He took the book and looked; I told him

"it was the same day the 5th which was described in the bill?

"He looked in two books; one was a longish book the other a broad one; he said

"there was no such thing in his books, and he had never bought any thing of the kind." I asked the girl what she received for the plate? She said "ten pounds fifteen shillings; and that gentleman (Mr. Shelley) paid her; that when he bought it he had his morning gown on, and she knew him by the cast in his eye." We then went out of the shop; I served a summons for Mr. Shelley's appearance on the Tuesday noon; he came to the office and brought his book with him, and his man came along with him; the girl again repeated what she had said before. He then looked at his book and said

"He found he had bought such things, but the girl did not tell him ten pounds fifteen shillings, but ten pounds thirteen shillings." The Justice blamed him and said

"he ought not to hide such a thing as that; and if it had not been so late on the Saturday night, he would have granted a search warrant then." The Justice immediately granted a search warrant, and Mr. Shelley was not permitted to go out till we went. At the farther end on the right hand side of those show glasses hung this strainer; When Mrs. Steward claimed the strainer, Mr. Shelley said,

"take care madam, take care, what you say; this strainer I can prove to be my property; I have got a man that can prove it to have been my property these eight or nine months." I was before the Justice in the evening at six o'clock; the strainer was then produced; Mr. Shelley and Ann Martin were present. Ann Martin said

"that was the strainer she sold Mr. Shelley." When Mrs. Steward swore to the strainer, Mr. Shelley said several times,

"take care, madam what you say; take care what you swear;" which intimidated Mrs. Steward much.

The hand-bills are dated the 5th of October; do you know when they were delivered out? - I am not certain whether they were delivered out that night or the next morning; they are delivered to silversmiths and pawnbrokers.

Who delivered them? - There are three men belonging to the office that always deliver them; one is Morant, another is Laber, the other Halliburton.

Cross Examination.

Did Ann Martin tell you in the shop when

you was there the first time, that Shelley was the man to whom she had sold the plate? - Yes.

What made you go out of the shop then? - Because he denied it.

Then the first time you went to this shop you gave Shelley the hand-bill? - I did.

And he read it? - He did.

This was on the Saturday? - No; Thursday the 21st I think it was.

How long was it till the search warrant was executed? - On the Tuesday.

So notwithstanding this hand-bill described a strainer, and Mr. Shelley was informed of it; yet this strainer remained in his shop till the Tuesday? - Yes.

Did you continue at the justice's during all the examination? - I do not know that I did.

Was you witness to any of the subsequent behaviour between Mr. Shelley and Mr. Addington? - No further than Mr. Addington,

"desired him to behave himself more properly, and not use such words to a lady."


I was servant to Mrs. Steward. I have lived with her two years; I used to clean the plate.

Should you be able to know the strainer that was there? - Yes I should. There is a particular mark I should know it by.

Describe it before you see it? - There are three particular marks. There is a dent between three holes; if you hold it in your right-hand it is rather to the right side of the strainer.

Look at this strainer? - (Looks at it) This is it.

Are you sure that is the strainer you used to clean at your mistress's? - I am very certain it is the strainer.

Cross Examination.

Do you live now with Mrs. Steward? - No, I left her because I married; I live now in New George-street, near Blackfriars. It is about three years since I lived with Mrs. Steward.

Have you visited Mrs. Steward since that time? - I have been there several times.

Did you ever tell Mrs. Steward in the course of your abode with her, that you had observed this bruise? - No, but I know it by the mark.

How came it you appeared here this day? - Mrs. Steward and her brother came to me; she told me what she had lost, and asked me if I should know the strainer? I told her

"I should if I saw it, by a particular mark." The mark I have now mentioned.

Had you seen the strainer before you came into court to-day? - No, I had not seen it for about three years before. I saw it now in court.

ANN BIRCH sworn.

You was a servant likewise to Mrs. Steward? - Yes, I lived with her about a year and a half. I have left the place about a twelvemonth. I had the care of the plate when I was her servant.

Do you recollect the strainer which was lost? - I should know the strainer by three marks like dots of ink. for I have particularly tried to get those spots out. I have generally cleaned it with wet whiting and then put it by the fire, but I never could get these spots out.

Have you the least doubt about this being the identical strainer? - Not the least.

Cross Examination.

Where do you live? - At Vauxhall.

A married woman or single? - Single.

Are you in service? - No.

When did you see Mrs. Steward last before you saw her here? - I did not see Mrs. Steward till the fast-day.

It is a twelve month since you have had any possibility of seeing the punch strainer in her house? - Or rather better, Mr. Steward came and said he should be glad to speak to me; he told me of the circumstance of Mrs. Steward having been robbed. I said I knew the strainer and the punch-ladle. I said if I came I should speak what I knew, and that was in regard to these spots; I told him I knew it by three spots, because I have taken pains to endeavour to get them out.

Court to Mr. Steward. Were you frequently at your brother's house? - Yes.

Have you often had an opportunity of seeing and knowing all or any of the other articles

which are mentioned in this indictment? - Yes.

Are you any judge of the matter so as to form any opinion with respect to the value of these articles to be sold as second-hand plate? - I think they could not be of less value than fourteen or fifteen pounds.

What do you think was the value of the silver mug, if sold as old plate? - Three guineas.

What do you conceive the four silver salt-cellars to be worth? - Three guineas.

What might the soup-ladle be worth? - A guinea.

What the punch-ladle? - Half a guinea?

What sort of table-spoons were they? - They might be worth about half a guinea a piece.

The tea-spoons what might they be worth? - About five shillings.

The four ladles for the salts? - Five shillings.

What the strainer? - One guinea.

Court. You certainly have not over valued them in your evidence.


I have nothing particular to say, I only want my witnesses to be examined.

For the Prisoner.


You live with Mr. Shelley in the Srand? - Yes.

Do you keep a book in which you minute down occurrences of the day, as far as relates to your trade? - I keep one in which I insert the goods which are sold; in another the goods which are bought.

Have you in your book an entry of any things bought on the 5th of October? - I have an entry of ten pounds fifteen shillings paid for old plate.

This entry was made at the time? - I always make an entry of that sort when I pay the money to the persons who sell the goods.

You made it? - There is no other person but me who keeps the books in that house.

What is the other book you are looking at? - It is sort of waste book we use in casting up. We set down the questions we ask, and the people's names and directions.

Is there any entry in that book as a reference to the entry in the other of the 5th of October? - Yes, here it is:

" Ann Harris , servant to Mr. Bowles, St. Paul's church-yard, came this day, the 5th of October, and sold forty-three ounces of plate."

Does this entry lead you to a recollection of the person who came with this plate to you? - I remember a person came that day to sell the plate which is recorded there; I weighed it and cast it up.

Look at that entry and tell me whether it is your hand-writing? - I wrote this myself the morning I bought the plate. I asked a question, and that is the answer, and memorandum of the weight, &c. which I received of the person I bought it of.

Do you recollect what articles this plate consisted of? - I have not the least idea of the particulars.

Court. There are but two articles entered that day, and this is the first? - Then I should rather suppose it was bought in the fore part of the day. I do not immediately recollect the time.

Did you ask her any questions about this plate? - I did, and do almost to every person I by any thing of. I weighed it; it weighed forty-three ounces. Mr. Shelley was, I believe, at that time in the parlour. In transactions where it amounts to eight or nine guineas, or so, if Mr. Shelley is in the way, I always wish to have his opinion. I recollect Mr. Shelley came into the shop, whether I sent for him or no I cannot tell. He asked this person a great number of questions. I remember he asked her

"how she came by that plate?" She said,

"It was willed to her by an uncle who was lately deceased." Mr. Shelley took up an article and held it away from her and said,

"pray, madam, what might your uncle's name be?" She told him a name. I do not particularly remember the name. He said,

"The letters upon the article do not immediately concur to the name you mention." She said,

"My uncle frequently purchased articles of plate at sales." She then said,

"I am a servant to Mr. Carrington Bowles, in St. Paul's

Church-yard, and if you have any doubt about the plate, you may let it be here and send a servant to enquire." I thought Mr. Shelley was too severe upon her, because she appeared a very genteel young woman. Mr. Shelley said,

"Pray, madam, why do you part with this plate?" She said, "The money it will fetch will be of much more service to me than the plate." She was a very decent well-looking woman. From the description in the hand bill I had no reason to think she was the woman. From the recollection I have of the person who sold the plate, it was a middle sized, round faced woman, and inclinable to be pretty. She behaved very politely in the shop. She gave Mr. Shelley several answers which seemed to satisfy him. He said, What does it come to? I said, ten pounds fifteen shillings. I unlocked the till and believe I paid her for it, as I usually do in those cases.

When she came with this plate you weighed it, and there were so many ounces? - Yes. I suppose Mr. Shelley does not pay once in a hundred times; where we buy once we turn away five or six times, for if people do not give a circumstantial account of themselves we tell them" it is not convenient," and they go out of the shop.

Was the money given for it a fair price? - Upon my oath I verily believe, that if Mr. Shelley's life lay at stake he could not make a single halfpenny an ounce profit upon that plate. As I stood in the body of the court I observed Mrs. Steward to misrepresent this matter. To my knowledge I can contradict the major part of Mrs. Steward's evidence at the justice's and in the shop. In the first place she tells the court, she found this strainer in the very extremity of the shop; that I deny. If the jury please to send, they will find it was in the very first show-glass upon the right hand side of the shop. And I wish further to add, to the best of my knowledge, I believe it has hung there upwards of two years.

Court. That strainer? - It is out of my power to particularise it, but from an observation I drew it was a very old-fashion thing, and was laid aside on account of that. I believe, if I was going out of the world this instant, that that strainer has hung upon the hook for two years exclusive of the time it was taken down to be cleaned.

Look at it? - It is out of my power to particularise it; we have not such another strainer in the shop, though I suppose the man that made this made twenty thousand. It is an exceeding old fashioned affair.

Court. Was there any other strainer of that fashion in the shop that could be mistaken for that? - I do not believe there has ever been a strainer of this pattern in our shop since I have been with Mr. Shelley.

At the time of the search warrant was there then two strainers of this fashion in your shop because one was found there? - There was not, I made a very particular observation upon this strainer which I wish to inform you of. At the time Mrs. Steward challenged this strainer in Mr. Shelley's shop. I handed it down to her; she looked at it longer than any person need to look at a thing they know; and after she had carefully surveyed it round, she said

"she knew this strainer." I said,

"Why do you particularise it?" She said,

"There is a small bruise upon it that was done with a fork." I looked at it and saw a dinge; I said,

"It appears odd to me; I know the nature of silver, if a for had been jobbed into the strainer there would have been a fracture upon the silver as well as a dinge." Now I observed at the time I took this strainer from her, that there was no fracture in it, now I observe there is one. There was no fracture at the time I looked at it upon my oath.

When the person, whose name you took down as being Ann Harris , came to the shop the transaction began with you? - It did.

And ended with you? - I believe it did. I think I weighed it before Mr. Shelley came into the shop.

When you went to Bow-street with Mr. Shelley did you carry the books with you? - Yes, Mr. Shelley ordered me to take the books with me; I took the books and went; Justice Addington was waiting on the bench. Somebody informed him Mr. Shelley was waiting upon him; he immediately rose out of his seat, and went round to Mrs. Steward

and said in a low voice

"I have heard Mr. Shelley say he had never during twenty-five years been before a magistrate in his life." He said to Mrs. Steward

"that Mr. Shelley had been before him before." I said to Mr. Shelley,

"Sir, he says you have been before him before?" Mr. Shelley said

"I deny it." Justice Addington seemed in a situation that most people do when detected in telling a falsehood; he rose up and said

"Madam I will do you all the justice that lies in my power."

Were these books inspected? - They were not; I had them under my arm. Justice Addington fell into a passion and immediately granted a warrant to search Mr. Shelley's shop.

After that warrant was executed were yo u before Mr. Addington again? - I was not.

There was no question asked you whether there was or not an entry in the book? - No; I said to Mr. Shelley

"I believe there is no necessity for me to stay longer;" he said

"you may as well stay, these men are going to search my house; it will be as well if they go and search my house before I go home;" and we walked slowly on the opposite side of the way and saw them enter the house before us.

Cross Examination.

You put it down Ann Harris, servant to Mr. Bowles, in St. Paul's Church-yard; did not you think it odd to buy it of a servant? - Not at all; it did not appear impossible that that servant might be possessed of that plate after the story she told me.

Did it not strike you as extraordinary her coming from St. Paul's Church-yard to the farther end of the Strand? - I suppose people would carry things where they think they can get the most for them.

Do you advertise to give the most for plate? - No.

Do you not think there are other shops as reputable as Mr. Shelley's between St. Paul's Church-yard and your shop? - Yes; but she might have carried it to other shops before for what I know.

What coloured gown was she dressed in? - I did not take particular notice of her dress.

You took month notice of her face? - I do not know but I might.

When you was before the magistrate did you recollect it then? - Just the same as I do now.

Mr. Shelley told the same story then as he does now? - I was only there once, and instead of Mr. Addington's enquiring into the matter he flew into a violent passion and boasted of his justice.

Did he not hear the charge against him? - There was no charge against him in my hearing.

When the strainer was seised did not you go before the justice to prove your property? - No.

How came you not to go in the afternoon again to clear your master? - I had some business in the city then. In the evening Mr. Shelley went to Bow-street. The porter took the books to him and I minded the shop.

Did you attend that hearing? - I did not. I believe Mr. Shelley looked upon it that there was no occasion; he rested satisfied that the uprightness of his conduct and his character would satisfy Justice Addington of his uprightness in the transaction.

When they were first charged in this matter did Mr. Shelley tell the story as you do now? - I do not particularly recollect.

When the woman came into the house and charged him with buying the goods and giving ten pounds fifteen shillings for them, did he then say he had bought the plate? - I was not at home at that time which I am very sorry for; for I dare say it would have prevented all this disagreeable business.

Was you present at any time when this woman that sold the plate to your master accused him of having bought it, and described his person? - At the time I saw Mrs. Steward, one of Sir John's men, and the person I supposed to be the thief, she did not accuse Mr. Shelley of any such thing. Mrs. Steward came in and appeared exceedingly warm.

Do you mean to swear that Harris did not come into the shop at the time when the officers and Mrs. Steward came? - I cannot particularly recollect; I cannot say she did

not; she might come into the shop, but I can swear she never challenged Mr. Shelley with buying the plate. She said to Mr. Steward, "I believe this is the shop."

What day was that? - On the Tuesday morning.

Do you remember Mrs. Eltoff there too? - I remember seeing her at the office, and I believe in the shop; but I cannot be certain whether she was in the shop or not. I was only present the day the search warrant was granted how many times the lady might have applied before I cannot say.

At that time Harris was not there? - I saw a person near the door, I cannot particularly say whether she was in the shop or not; but a person said to Mrs. Steward "this is the house?" Mrs. Steward said, "Is not this a burning shame that you should buy plate to the value of thirty pounds for ten pounds fifteen shillings." Mr. Shelley said he had all the reason in the world to believe that she was wrong, and begged not to be troubled at dinner time; and he went into the parlour.

Then you don't recollect Harris's saying

"this is the person I sold it to; and I am sure it is you?" - Upon my oath she never challenged Mr. Shelley in any such manner; I never heard any such accusation; I do not believe she ever did.

Not at the time when the search warrant was there? - She did not come when the search warrant was granted; it was before it was granted. I remember seeing a person outside of the door, who told Mrs. Steward she believed that was the house.

Will you swear she was not in the shop? - I will not undertake to swear it.

Why, to see a vulgar maid servant with two ladies is very remarkable? - My chief attention was to be informed of this matter by Mrs. Steward; I begged information of her.

Did you hear the hand-bill from the office read to him? - I will be upon my oath there was no paper produced nor read at that time.

When did you see the paper first? - In the court just now.

You do not remember it before? - I never saw it before; I was there all the time and no such thing was produced or read on the Tuesday.

Do you know the man you bought that strainer of? - I believe it was in Mr. Shelley's house before I entered his service.

What became of all this plate that you bought? - It might be given to the workmen in lieu of new silver; that is the way we generally dispose of old plate.

You see there were silver spoons and silver salt-sellars; they were not perhaps very old fashioned? - I do not recollect the fashion of them.

Table-spoons I believe are sold second hand at most silversmiths' shops? - The sooner old fashioned table-spoons are in the melting pot the better for the purchaser; it is like locking up money and throwing the key away. When our workmen apply to us for metal, we give it them if we have it; if not we give them cash. I look upon it more a transaction of mine than Mr. Shelley's.

Court. Is five shillings an ounce the usual price for old silver? - Upon my honour -

You are upon your oath? - If Mr. Shelley's life lay at stake I do not believe he could make a half penny an ounce profit.

My question is, is it the common and usual price for old silver? - In some respects it is, in some not; the market for silver rises and falls the same as corn and other trades; sometimes we can afford to give five shillings and a penny; sometimes five shillings and two-pence, sometimes five shillings and four-pence; and sometimes five shillings and ten-pence. Five shillings an ounce is a fair price for old silver.

Is it not very common in your business to buy articles of plate and sell them in the form in which they are as second-hand plate without melting them down? - It is very common where they are serviceable.

Then you do not of course melt down all that you buy of old plate? - No.

When you sell it as second-hand plate do you sell it at 5 s. an ounce? - Very seldom; we sell it for more, if we can get it.

Do you ever? - I do not remember an instance immediately.

Do you not if it is tolerable fashionable sell it at six shillings, and up as high as seven shillings an ounce? - Very seldom; that depends entirely upon what articles they are, there are a great number of articles though old fashioned, are very expensive in the making.

Do you never sell old plate as high as seven shillings or higher? - It is very uncommon.

As high as six shillings and six-pence? - Yes; very commonly.

Did you take particular notice of the articles that were contained in the plate that was sold you by the girl? - I did not.

Can you take upon yourself to say that none of these articles were fit to be sold as second-hand plate? - I cannot; I can swear they were all fit to be sold as second-hand plate.

You never sell any second-hand plate so low as five shillings? - I never did.

Did you ever know any other person? - I have heard of such things; but old candlesticks weighing forty or fifty ounces are only fit to melt.

But did you ever know it in such articles as these? - No.

Then how came you to say that if Mr. Shelley's life was at stake he could not make an halfpenny an ounce profit upon this plate? - It makes a particular difference where a man has it in his power and don't mind laying out of his money to keep the plate in his shop, and wait the chance of a customer.

What could induce you or Mr. Shelley to buy the plate if you could get nothing by it? - Sometimes silver gets as high as five shillings and four-pence, five shillings and sixpence, and even five shillings and ten-pence an ounce; then a man who has old silver has an opportunity to give his workman old silver, and pay him for the making.

Then at the general price even of old silver he could make a great deal of profit more than an halfpenny an ounce? - I think five shillings an ounce as much as any trader ought to allow for old silver.

But is it as much as he could make of it? - No.

Then how came you to say just now, that if his life was at stake he could not make an halfpenny an ounce profit upon this plate; you now say that old plate is frequently up to five shillings and fourpence, sometimes five shillings and tenpence; that second hand plate is never sold so low as five shillings, and that all these articles were fit to be sold as second-hand plate? - Where a man sells a single article to a customer, he deserves twopence or threepence an ounce profit for his trouble.

You say you was present when the person who was in custody for robbing Mrs. Steward came to Mr. Shelley's shop? - Yes, that was on Tuesday.

You say you was not at home when they came before on the Saturday? - I was not.

You said you remembered your master telling her, that she was mistaken when she charged him about the plate and not to disturb him at dinner-time; do you recollect any thing of that? - I do.

Then you were at home when that passed? - I was.

You saw the prisoner then who was in custody? - I saw a woman, a mean looking creature, outside the door.

And saw her again at the office? - I did.

Was that the same person who sold you the plate? - Upon my word I do believe it was not, from the knowledge I have of the person's face who sold the plate.

Then you do not believe that the Ann Harris who was convicted of robbing Mr. Steward, was the same Ann Harris who sold you the plate? - I do not; she appeared in a very different light.

But you were at home when the conversation passed about not disturbing your master at dinner? - Yes, that was I think on Tuesday.

Recollect yourself, four if not five witnesses have sworn that conversation passed on Saturday; you was at home at that time? - I was. I think it was Tuesday. If I am not much mistaken it was the day the search warrant was granted. Mr. Shelley said, "I verily believe the plate you enquire for was never in my shop; I am going to dinner, I beg your pardon, I hope you will excuse me, my

dinner is waiting for me;" or to that purpose.

The books had been carried before the search-warrant was granted, and you had found an entry which you supposed corresponded with the plate enquired after? - I had told Mr. Shelley of it.

Court. What, is this a kind of waste-book? - Yes, and to take down directions of person's place of abode.

Can you shew any entry like this in the whole book? - No.

Tell me how this leaf upon which this is written happens to be sewn in with green thread, whereas all the rest of the book is sewed in with white thread? - There are five or six leaves sewed with green thread.

That book was not originally sewed with that green thread? - I do not know.

The book is to enter the occurrences of the day in? - We do every thing which happens, put a rough sketch of it into that book.

And from thence I suppose you transcribe whatever is worth preserving into your books? - Yes, into the journals.

Such a book as this must be regular as to dates because you go on from day to day; the memorandums of the 5th must naturally follow those made the 4th, and so on? - Yes. - Is this book now as written at first, or has there been any addition to it? - I believe not.

How came it to be altered? - It was not large enough, I wrote it through and then put some more paper into it. There are about eight, ten, or twelve pages of it sewed in afresh.

In that which I suppose to be part of the old book there is an article the 29th of August, 1780, Lent Cooper, of Knightbridge, four table spoons; at the distance of four pages after this comes the 11th July, cash 11 l. 19 s. - Yes.

How happens that? - That was probably the cash I had in the till.

Four leaves back you were making memorandums in the month of August, how came you when you got four leaves farther to make a memorandum dated the 11th of July? - I cannot account for that; I recollect the fact of lending the spoons.

Who entered this article of Ann Harris ? - Myself.

Did you enter any thing else that day? - I cannot recollect.

Do you make these memorandums as things happen in the shop? - Every thing that is recorded there is business done in the shop.

There is no day I suppose in which there is only one transaction in your shop? - No, there is not.

There was but one entry of any transaction in this shop on Tuesday? - I do not see there is.

And but one for Wednesday, and one for Thursday, and yet just now you said you made a minute of all the transactions which happened in your shop, and at the time that they happened? - Not particularly in that book.

What other book have you? - A day book where we set down what we sell every day.

What book have you which corresponds with this? - A journal.

That you make up afterwards? - Yes.

What do you make entries in at the time but this book? - None.

Then how happens it there should be but one transaction entered each day for these three days? - Things might happen that were not worth recording.

To several articles previous to this time you have stated regularly the day not only of the week but sometimes of the month. Saturday the 30th, but one article there; the next article begins Monday, there are three articles. Then comes Tuesday; but for the second article, which you say is Wednesday, there is neither day of the week nor month.

You began the transaction in your entries with stating the day of the week Monday or Tuesday, and in this case there is no stating that at first. If it is a book regularly kept, the first thing you do in the morning is, you write down the day, because the transactions of that day are to follow; in this instance it is omitted? - We never keep any regular mercantile account in that book. We have another book which we call a day-book. We enter in a regular

manner what we receive and pay in that book. There is another book we keep of what we sell; and enter in our books what credit we give.

I find every thing regular except in that part which is sewn in with green thread. There are some leaves afterwards with part torn out? - Sometimes we set down a memorandum of what a gentleman would have engraved upon his plate or seal. We had a porter who lived with us who did not stand to write it off, but would tear out the place where the direction was. I cautioned him against it. If I had the book here I now keep you would find no such irregularities in it.

How happened it you insert no name in any other place? - We generally received old plate of customers. I have received of Mr. Baron Hotham several times old silver when he purchased new, and had no necessity to set his name down in the book, I just set down the weight of it and cast it up.

I see there are a vast number of entries; do you know of any one instance where you have put down a name besides this? - I do not remember, while I have been with Mr. Shelley, a person of her denomination, a servant, selling plate. I do not believe he would then have bought it, only upon her giving such a circumstantial account of it.

Did she excite any particular curiosity at the time? - Mr. Shelley asked her a number of questions, and I do not know but Mr. Shelley might order me to make a memorandum of it. It is so long ago I do not recollect; the hand-writing is all my own.

How happens this to be written in so fine, clean, masterly a hand, all the rest is written down like a man of business? - I take a good deal of pleasure to imitate good writing.

Why not do it then on other days as well as that? - That is a memorandum.

So are the others. I see but one article in the book of plate bought, that was on the 28th of June? - All the writing in the book is not mine, much of it is gentlemen's hand-writing; this is an account of goods sent to the refiner's.

I want to understand the reason of making that addition which is sewed in with green thread? - The additions which are made in that book all succeed one another. The book originally was not of half the thickness it is now.


I have been porter to Mr. Shelley nine months. My business is to clean the articles and go of errands.

Were you in your master's shop at the time when those people came from Bow-street? - I was there the first time they came, but I went out of the shop immediately. I was in the shop when a punch-strainer was taken down.

You knew that strainer? - I did.

Had you cleaned it any times? - Several times in the course of the nine months I lived there.

For how long back do you recollect the strainer in your master's house? - I cannot tell particularly. I had cleaned it a great many times during these nine months.

Do you recollect whether it was in your master's house three or four months before December? - It certainly was.

Did you ever particularly remark the strainer? - Not particularly; there was no other second hand strainer in the shop but this.

Did you observe the marks of it? - No.

Is that the strainer as far as you know? - I believe that to be the strainer, but I never noticed the marks particularly. There is a great quantity of plate.

Cross Examination.

Can you take spots out of Plate? - If we can we do; that is according to what spots they are.

Do not you suppose that you could get spots out of plate? - Yes.

How came you not to take those spots out? - We do not take the pains with second-hand plate we do with new; when any body comes to purchase a second-hand article we endeavour to make it look as well as we can.

How came you not to take the spots out of this strainer? - I do not suppose I did.

You do not know it by any particular mark? - No; if I was to notice every mark upon the goods I should never get through my business.

This strainer has been out of your custody

some time, how do you know it to be the same? - By the pattern.

Did you recollect it when it was produced to the lady? - Not particularly.

Did you hear her describe the mark? - She said it was her's after she had had it in her hand some time; she said there was something like the prick of a fork that she knew it by.

Was the shopman there? - He was; I believe he reached it down.

Did you swear before the justice any thing about this? - I was never asked a question there. I went with the books. I did not stop there two minutes. My master sent me out upon another message.


I lived as porter with Mr. Shelley twelve months. I came away from him on the 5th of last May. It was my business when I was there to clean the plate.

Do you recollect cleaning a punch strainer there? - Very well.

Should you know the pattern of it? - Very well.

Did it ever strike you as containing any particular mark? - No; only a bit of a blemish in the bottom of it.

Was there more than one punch strainer of that pattern in the house? - There was not.

Court. Of what kind was the blemish? - I cannot recollect.

Have you been in court to-day? - A little while, not long.

Did you hear any person say any thing about a blemish in the bottom of this? - Yes, I have; but I have no business to say after them.

Counsel for the Prisoner. Do you think you should know the strainer if you was to see it again? - I believe I should know it if I was to see it, but I never have seen it since I left Mr. Shelley. (Looks at it) I believe I have cleaned this strainer times and times, but I would not swear to it without I was positive of it.

Then that must have been in Mr. Shelley's house near two years? - I lived with Mr. Shelley a twelvemonth; it was in the house when I went and when I came away.

Cross Examination.

There is no particular mark you say upon this strainer? - I cannot swear to any particular mark.

You have seen this strainer produced to all the witnesses? - Yes.

Then you know the question is whether this strainer belonged to your master or not? - I believe, I am almost positive I have cleaned it several times.

Counsel for the Prisoner. And there were not two of the kind in the house? - No.

Prisoner. The first application made to me was the Thursday or Friday before Christmas day; Harris then had her doubts whether it was the shop, and did not remember me at all. They went out of the shop, and came in again. I then produced the books and laid them on the counter. She led me into an error, by saying it was ten pounds thirteen shillings. I only looked down the margin, and did not see ten pounds thirteen shillings. I had not a bed-gown in the world. I never came down in a bed-gown in my life.

GUILTY . N. 1 year .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-33

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158. THOMAS DICKS was indicted for procuring Catharine his wife to appear before Dr. Ducarel the Surrogate of the court of Canterbury, to take a false oath to obtain letters of administration .


I am a clerk in the Navy-office, (produces the books of the Boyne and Grafton).

Look into the book of the Boyne; is Wallather's name there? - There is such a name; he was entered the 1st of July, as a seaman, and remained till the 2nd of May 1778.

How is that book authenticated? - It is signed by the captain, and is a return made by the seaman on board the ship.

Is it from that book you are informed who are entitled to pay and what? - This is not the pay-book; it is the authority from which the pay-book is made.

Is there in the Boyne book an entry of the name Dicks? - None.

Now refer to the Grafton? - Wallather is entered in the Grafton the 26th of May, 1778, and he died the 23d of July 1779.

Can you collect from these books that there were wages due to him from these ships? - I gather from this books that wages were due to him.

Turn to the name of Thomas Dicks ? - (refers to it). Thomas Dicks was entered on the 6th of February 1778, and was discharged the 27th of September 1779.


I am a proctor and notary publick; this (producing it) is a warrant for procuring administration to Richard Wallather , belonging to his majesty's ships Boyne and Grafton. From the warrant it appears I attended before Dr. Ducarel.

You don't know who applied to you? - No.

Dr. DUCAREL sworn.

I am surrogate of the prerogative court.

Does that paper upon which you are now looking, bear any mark of a person's having applied to you? - It has my signature, which I never put till after I have administered the oath.

Looking upon that, you can take upon you to say that an oath was administered to some party? - Yes, but who it was I don't know; but some person did take the oath, and administration was afterwards granted under this warrant. This is a direction to the court, and then they grant it.

After reciting the oath it says Catharine Dicks having been duely sworn? - It is a verbal oath recited in this warrant.

Are you able to say from your having signed that warrant, that some person assuming the name of Catherine Dicks took that oath? - I don't know the person; some person came assuming that name.

Whether as surrogate you are empowered to administer an oath? - I am.


Did any person apply to you to go to the Commons to take out administration? - Yes; the woman that was convicted a little while ago. I was to attend and assist her; I was bred to the law in the kingdom of Ireland.

When did she apply to you? - On the 24th of February last. A woman of the name of Kelly came with her; she told me she wanted to take out administration to her brother one Richard Wallather ; she said he was transfered from the Boyne to the Grafton, or words to that effect. I cannot tell here verbatim. I asked her whether he had a wife or child, or father or mother; she told me that he had no wife, father, mother, child, or brother or sister but herself.

Was her husband with her at that time? - No; he was not; I wanted to see her husband and went with her and the other woman to him to Tothill-street. I then repeated, as far as I could recollect, the sense of what she had told me and he corroborated in effect what she had told me; he said

"he was on board the Grafton with Wallather, and had lost one or two of his fingers in the engagement; that Wallather either died of his wounds or was killed."

To Wade. Is there any person on the books of the name of Wallather? - No.

Sherring. I appointed him to come to me the next day to White-friars; he came with his wife and that woman and I went with them to Doctors-Commons. I went with her before Doctor Ducarel , where she was sworn, and I entered into a bond with her husband.

Was the husband present when the wife took the oath? - Undoubtedly he was; she was sworn and took the affidavit.

After that you and the husband entered into a bond? - I did; I was one of the sureties, not imagining the least imposition.

Was it at the husband's desire you entered into the bond? - I believe it was both their desires; I cannot say the prisoner desired me; it is the form in that court; I might voluntarily enter into it. Then I went along with them to the Borough, and through the recommendation of a house-keeper an acquaintance of their's, they got the minister and one or two of the overseers of the parish to sign a certificate of their good behaviour while they were in that parish. From thence

I went with them to the Navy-office; there was not a return of the man's name at that time, and I gave up the administration.

Look at the prisoner, are you sure he is the person that attended the woman who is convicted? - I am; I never heard any more of it till I heard the woman was in custody.

Cross Examination.

You was bred an attorney in Ireland? - Yes.

Do you practice here? - No, I am not entered; I draw up bills and answers for gentlemen at four-pence a sheet.

How came they to apply to you? - This Mrs. Kelly brought them.

Who is Kelly? - I do not know.

What was you paid for the trouble you had in this business? - I was paid a guinea, and as I estimate my time I deserved more.

You knew nothing of this man and his wife? - No.

How happened you to enter into a bond for a person you knew nothing about by the recommendation of a woman you have never seen from that day to this? - I looked upon it as a matter of form in the court.

What was the penalty of that bond? - I do not know; I will speak the fact and nothing else for all your father and grandfather were worth.

What had you for signing the bond? - Not a meg; you may ask me what I had for supper last night.

I ask you what did you get for signing the bond? - I got a guinea from him for going about the business.

From him? - From him and his wife.

You looked upon this woman really to be the sister of the deceased? - At that time I really did.

The husband looked upon her the same? - I don't know but he did.

She fairly imposed upon you both? - I declare I take it so, I don't look upon it otherwise; I don't know what conversation might pass between her and her husband; it was an imposition of her's.

From what you observed, she had represented herself as the sister of Wallather? - - Yes; and they both joined in it.

Court. Do you mean to say, that in your hearing she represented herself as the sister of Wallather and told her husband so? - No, no; she told me so, and he also told me.

He told you, I believe, that his wife had so told him? - I cannot take upon me to swear that the husband said that Wallather was the brother of the woman, nor I never will.

But she said so? - Undoubtedly.

Counsel for the Crown. When she told you in his presence that she wanted to take out letters of administration for her brother Richard Wallather , what did he say? - The prisoner, when I asked him, said, "he was killed along side him;" I cannot recollect the words hac verba, but he much corroborated what she had said before, and she said he was her own brother.

The woman came to you first? - Yes.

You met the woman with her husband; did he at any time deny this? - No.

How came you to sign the bond? - I thought it was sincere; I did not think there was any collusion or deceit.

Court. At any of the different times when you attended the husband and wife on this business, do you remember, in any conversation, his asking the wife about this man being her brother? - No; I cannot remember.

Do you recollect his giving her any instructions about this business? - No; if any thing of that kind passed it was not in my hearing.

Is that your hand writing? - Yes.

This was not the first time you was concerned in this kind of business? - No; I was concerned in one before.

Then, as a man of business, you know a little of the nature of this transaction? - Yes.

This is a bond in the penalty of one hundred pounds; and the condition is that this woman "shall make a true and perfect inventory of the effects of the deceased, and well and truely administer to them;" what induced you to enter into such a bond for strangers whom you knew nothing of? - Because

I knew nothing but that it was true; I looked upon it as a ceremonial form in that court.

Did you look upon it as a mere matter of form? - No; I did not consider it as such.

How came you then to enter into a bond of such a penalty for strangers you know nothing about? - I could have nothing more than the oath of the person, and I thought soul security sufficient.

Counsel for the prisoner. What did you get for entering into the other bond of this sort? - Not a halfpenny.


I am a navy agent. The prisoner and his wife came to me either the latter end of May, or the beginning of June, and brought this administration.

Do you know the person of the prisoner? - Yes; they produced the letters of administration and received the money due to Richard Wallather . I do not recollect any thing in particular that was said.

Cross Examination.

As to the Grafton the wife singly gave you the receipt? - Yes; when she came the second time I told her as she was a married woman her husband should come and join in the receipt, and he came and joined in the receipt.


Do you recollect the prisoner coming to receive the money? - Yes.

Was he there when she received the first money? - Yes; he was by at the time.

Do you remember his coming the third time when the receipt was signed? - Yes; the last payment.

Did you witness the receipt? - yes; (looks at the receipt). That is his mark I saw him put it.


You was married in Ireland to a person of the name of Richard Wallather ? - Yes.

He went on board the Boyne? - He did; I was on board with him.

Did you know his relations in Ireland? - Yes; he had two sisters and a brother.

Did you see the woman that was a little while ago at the bar? - Yes.

Was she one of his sisters? - No; I was eight days on board the Boyne with him; it is going of four years now.

Where was you married? - At the parish of St. Nicholas in Cork.

How long was you married to him? - Ten years next midsummer.

Court. Where did your husband's friends live? - At the parish of Shannon in Cork.

You are sure he had no more than two sisters? - I am.

You are sure Catharine Dicks is not one of them? - Yes; she is not.

Is either of them married? - One, the other is not; her name is now Jenny Collings by her husband.


I know Wallather the husband of this woman five or six and twenty years; and I know his father; he had two sisters and a brother.

You saw the woman that was tried today, was she either of them? - No.


Catharine Dicks is not my wife.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

*** See the Trial of Catharine Dicks in the Second Part.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-34
VerdictsNot Guilty

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159, 160. SAMUEL LLOYD and MARTHA STINSON were indicted, the first for stealing 600 lb. wt. of old iron, value 54 s. 105 lb. wt. of lead, value 14 s. and 32 lb. wt. of copper, value 18 s. the property of Thomaas Langdale and Marmaduke Langdale ; and the other for receiving 32 lb. wt. of copper, well knowing it to have been stolen , January 13th .

(There was no evidence to bring the charge home to the principal, but that of an accomplice unsupported by any corroborating circumstances).


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-35
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine; Imprisonment

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161. CATHARINE WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 12 l. 12 s. and a pair of metal shoe buckles, value 12 d. the property of William Leith , Jan. 20th .


I am a surgeon and apothecary . On Saturday night the 20th of January at about half after eleven o'clock, having been at the Grecian Coffee-house in Devereux-court, I was going to my lodging in Bishopsgate-street; I met the prisoner somewhere near Bishopsgate-street; she asked me to go home with her.

Was you sober? - Yes; I went home with her to her lodging in Gravel-lane; she unlocked the door on the ground floor; there was no light in the room, she struck a light and immediately made a fire. When she had lighted the fire she asked me to give her something to drink? I asked her what she would have? She said a little brandy, half a pint would be enough. I told her I must have change for a guinea; she asked me to give her the guinea and she would go and get the brandy and bri ng my change; I would not give her the guinea till she brought the change; she went out and brought the servant of the house with the brandy and change; I took the change and gave her the guinea; then there came another woman into the room. I asked that woman if she lay there? She said if it was agreeable to me she would.

Were there two beds in the room? - No; the prisoner immediately made answer, there was room in the bed for three people to lie very well. Soon after the other woman undressed herself and went into bed. After she was in bed the prisoner and I sat by the fire some time. The women drank the brandy; I believe they gave me a glass; I put a little in my mouth, but it was so hot I could not bear it, and therefore put it out again. The prisoner was partly undressed. I took my watch out, wound it up, and hung it on a nail by the fire-place. The inside and outside cases and the hands were gold. I undressed myself and laid my coat and waistcoat on the bed, and my other clothes at the feet of the bed, and went into bed. When I had been in bed about ten minutes, I heard the door open, I looked and saw the prisoner going out, I immediately missed my watch. I got up and dressed myself and found the twenty shillings had been taken out of my breeches. While I was putting my clothes on the other woman slipped out of the room. I went out and called the watch. I was quite a stranger and did not know where I was when I came out. The watchman said he believed he knew the house. He brought me to the door and asked me if that was the house? I said I believed it was. He said, if I could not swear to the house he would take no further trouble about it. I asked the watchman to shew me the way into Bishopsgate-street. I asked him for a bit of chalk. He gave me a piece, and I marked all the way from that house till I came into Bishopsgate-street, that I might be able to find it by day-light. It was between three and four o'clock when I got into Bishopsgate-street. I went several times the next day in search of the prisoner, but could not find her till about eight at night, when I met with her in a publick-house. I got a constable and took her to the watch-house. She was searched and two guineas and nine shillings and sixpence and some halfpence were found upon her. My watch was never found.

Was there no other person in the room besides the prisoner and you and the woman in bed with you? - No. The watch was hanging by the fire-side. When I was in bed it was gone before the other woman got out of bed.


The prosecutor is a friend of mine out of the country; he lodged at my house while he was in town. On Sunday the 21st of last month he called me down stairs and told me he had been robbed. At about eight o'clock at night, when he had found out where the prisoner was, I went with him; we got a watchman who carried her to the watch-house. As we were going along she owned that she had seen the things, and wanted us to go back, but I did not choose it.


I was constable of the night on Sunday the 21st of January; the prisoner was brought to the watch-house. I searched her and found two guineas, nine shillings, and sixpence, and

some halfpence, upon her, and the key of her room.


I am very innocent of it.

GUILTY . Fined 1 s. and Imp. 6 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-36

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162. PATRICK M'KAON was indicted for stealing four pair of leather shoes, value 10 s. three pair of leather soles for shoes, value 2 s. and 6 wooden lasts, value 12 d. the property of George Sheddy , June the 22d .


I am shoe-maker . The prisoner worked for me upon Wednesday the 22d of June. I put the things into my shop and locked it up and went out about nine o'clock in the morning; I came home about seven or eight at night, and found the shop broken open. I missed all the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). I had a suspicion of the prisoner, but could not find him till last Tuesday. I asked him how he could serve me so? He said, he was sorry for it, that all the things were in pawn, and I should have them again. I found six of the lasts at No. 1, Fox-court, Gray's-Inn-lane, where his wife lodged. He went with me and shewed me where they were.


He took a stall for me to work in; it was so little I could not pull my arms out. We got to drinking, and I pawned them to get some drink. I was taken up as a deserter, and kept in the barracks till New Year's-day, then I was discharged, having a bad leg.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-37

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163. ELISABETH GRIFFITHS was indicted for stealing a piece of carpeting, consisting of twenty-seven yards, value 3 l. the property of James Ford , February 22d .

- LABOURNE sworn.

Yesterday afternoon I saw two women in Jewin-street, with a piece of carpeting; one of them said to the other, d - n your eyes, it will be seen. John Willcox was with me. As we were going through the court the other woman shoved us, and the prisoner in the mean time ran off with the carpeting; this is it (producing it). She had it in her apron, she carried it and hid it in Paul's-Head-alley; then she came and beckoned to the other to follow her. We went into the alley and found the carpeting in the passage of a place called the Timber Yard, opposite the meeting-door. The prisoner ran away when she saw us coming after her. We took the carpeting and ran after the prisoner and secured her.

( John Willcox confirmed the evidence of Labourne and Mr. Edwards.)


I keep an open shop in St. Martin's-Le-Grand . I believe this carpeting to be mine. I lost such a piece; there is no mark on it. It contains 27 yards, half-ell.


I live at the other end of the town; I dress dolls .

GUILTY . Imp. 6 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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164. WILLIAM SMITH was indicted for stealing a counterpane, value 20 s. the property of Patrick Bryan , January 30th .


I am the wife of Patrick Bryan . I lost a counterpane on the 30th of January, a little before eight o'clock at night; it was hanging on a horse in the yard to dry. The prisoner lodged in the same house with me; he went through the passage into the yard. I

saw him attempt to take the counterpane off the horse; the horse fell down and broke the window. I had a light in my room; the shutters were not shut, so I could see into the yard, he went back through the passage. I followed him with a candle in my hand and saw the counterpane under his arm in the street. I could not overtake him; he got off with it. About half or three quarters of an hour after I saw him stand talking with his wife at the corner of the street. I sent for a constable. The prisoner said he had not got it. I never found the counterpane again.

- M'ALBAN sworn.

I lodged with the prosecutor. I saw the prisoner go through the passage into the yard; he did not stay above a minute before I saw him come back through the passage again with a bundle under his arm. He walked very smart; the woman came from the back room, and followed him, but he went away. He came back again about an hour after.

Did he appear to be drunk or sober? - Sober. A constable was sent for who took charge of the prisoner.


This yard is open to the people of this house and the next. There are four families live in rooms at the upper end; I live in the farthest. I was going into the yard; It was quite dark. I ran against the horse and it fell down and broke the window. Mrs. Bryan called out to know what was the matter? I said I had broke the window. She said if that was all never mind. I went into my room, and staid a quarter of an hour. Then I was going out for something for supper, and she came and said I had got her counterpane. I know nothing of it.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-39
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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165. JOHN THOMPSON otherwise HAY was indicted for stealing a dressing-glass, value 10 s. the property of William Thompson , January 30th .


I am the wife of William Thompson , who keeps a broker's shop . On the 29th of January, two looking-glasses stood upon a mahogany bureau in our shop, near a bulk; I lost one of them; that caused me to set a watch. The next night towards the evening the prisoner came on the outside of the shop windows, which were open; he reached over the bulk and took the glass off the bureau. I gave a great scream. He carried it about six yards, and then set it down. I ran about four doors after him; other people pursued him.


I am fifteen years old; I am servant to Mr. Thompson. I stood behind the shop-door in the dark, and saw the prisoner take the glass off the bureau. My mistress stood behind some bedsteads. She screamed out and presently after cried out stop thief! I ran out immediately; the prisoner laid the glass down gently at a door about six yards distance, and ran on. I pursued him; he was never out of my sight but when he turned the corner to the place where he was taken. I can swear to his face; it was not a dark night, and I stood in a dark corner, therefore I could see him who stood in the light.

( Agnes Atkinson , servant to Mr. Thompson, who was likewise set to watch, confirmed the testimony of the two former witnesses.)


My mother keeps a shop opposite Mr. Thompson's. I heard Mrs. Thompson scream; I saw a man run down the street; I ran after him. At the end of the street there is a broad turning that goes into a garden; there is a gate to the garden; there I took him. The boy came up and said this is the man who took the glass. The prisoner said, I will go with you, do not let the boys make a noise. And he walked back quietly.


As I was passing by, I heard a cry of stop, thief. I ran as fast as I could.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-40
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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166. MARY the wife of Henry JONES was indicted for stealing ten yards of clear lawn, value 10 s. the property of Henry Thwaites , privily and secretly in the shop of the said Henry , January 20th .


I am a journeyman to Mr. Henry Thwaites , a linen-draper . The prisoner came into the shop and asked to see some clear lawn. I said I would fetch her some. I had another customer I was at the same time serving with some muslin. She said if I did not serve her immediately she would go to another shop.

Is this shop the place where your goods were usually kept? - It was our shop. I immediately took the other customer's money, and fetched the lawns to show the prisoner; I did not fetch them from above two or three yards distance. While I was gone. I saw her catch at a muslin wrapper, which had some muslin in it which I had shown to the other customer and had not wrapped up; the prisoner saw that I observed her and she did not attempt any thing more at the muslin. I brought several pieces of lawn, and shewed her. She looked at several. She asked me the price of one. I told her two shillings and two-pence. She said she would give two shillings. I asked her how much she would have of it? She said half a quarter. I cut her off that; while I was cutting it off I perceived she had something under her cloak. I did not see her take it. I took threepence of her; I gave it my master. I jumped over the counter. She had then got into the court. I cried out, What have you got? She turned round and dropped from under her cloak upon the ground this piece of lawn (producing it). It is my master's property; it has his private mark on it.

What did she say? - She told my master when I took her into the shop, I was a very wicked man for accusing her with it; that I must have brought it out after her and dropped it.

Was that one of the pieces you shewed her? - It was.

What is the value of this piece? - It is valued at ten shillings; it cost Mr. Thwaites fifteen shillings.

Jury. Was the place dirty or clean where she dropped it? - It was a wet day and the piece has some dirt upon it.


I went to buy a bit of lawn; I bought it and paid for it. I was coming out of the shop; this man followed me. There were a dozen in the shop at the same time; there was a woman came out when I did. The man brought me back and accused me with having something belonging to the shop. His master asked if I had got any thing? He said he believed it was me. He asked me whether the woman at the door belonged to me? I said no, I knew nothing of her. Then the mistress asked me what family I had, and what I was? I told her. She said if I would tell her she would forgive me. I said I know nothing about it; I am a married woman and have two children, and am now big with child. I have been married twenty-two years and have three children.

Price. I saw the corner of something white under her cloak while she was at the counter; I thought it was lawn, but did but just see the corner, so I could not be certain what it was.

What number of people might there be in your shop at the time? - Eight, ten, or a dozen.

Had you no other people who saw the transaction besides yourself? - Yes, but Mr. Thwaites is so much hurried with business that he could not well spare time to come.

Did you see her drop it, or did you only find it after she dropped it? - I catched hold round her, and saw her drop it while she was in my arms.

Prisoner. My husband is a printer; I am turned of thirty.

To Price. How could she take this piece without your seeing her as you suspected her? - I served two or three people at the same time.

GUILTY of stealing the lawn to the value of 4 s. 10 d. Imprisoned 6 months .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-41

Related Material

167. EBENEZER HARCUP was indicted for that he, in the king's highway, in and upon James David , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a canvas purse, value 1 d. and four pence in monies, numbered , the property of the said James, January 6th .


I drive a team for 'Squire Hill, at Hendon. On Saturday the 6th of January as I was coming home from London, I was stopped about a quarter after six o'clock in the evening at Golder's Green , by two footpads.

Was it dark? - The moon shone bright. One stopped me; the other came behind the cart and clapped a pistol to me and told me, to deliver my money. Being hard of hearing, I did not hear what he said the first time. He then said very loud, deliver your money! I gave him fourpence or fourpence-halfpenny, in a canvass bag.

Who was the man you delivered the money to? - The prisoner. I knew him as soon as I saw him again. I had seen him before. He rather endeavoured to hide his face with his hat. As soon as I delivered him the money, they went away. I saw him again on Monday or Tuesday the 8th or 9th of January at Bow-street. I picked. him out and swore positively to him.

Prisoner. He did not swear to me at first; he looked very hard at me, and said he did not know me.

Court. When you saw him in Bow-street did you charge him with the robbery? - Yes. I looked hard at him and knew him. I swore to him about ten minutes after. Being hard of hearing, I did not hear any body ask me any questions about him before. I saw him but once before the justice. That was on the Tuesday.


I keep Kilburn-well.

You remember the story of the man appearing at your window? - Yes.

And your pursuing them and bringing them back, and a man behaving very ill to you? - Yes.

Is this the same man? - Yes. I was at the publick-office in Bow-street, on the 13th. The prosecutor was sitting there. Justice Addington asked if there was any person there who knew the prisoner? The prosecutor said he was deaf and did not know what the justice said. The prosecutor was taken in again and sworn; he immediately swore to the prisoner.

You was there all the time? - Yes.

Did the prosecutor say at any time, he did not know him? - No.


On the 28th of November I was pressed, in Covent-garden, and sent on board the Nightingale. I was drafted on board a ship which was lost on Beachy-head, and came home on the 31st of January.

(The prisoner called two witnesses who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-42
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

Related Material

168. ELEANOR MEEKS was indicted for stealing eight-linen handkerchiefs, value 8 s. the property of Robert Hervey Gedge , privately and secretly, in the shop of the said Robert , February 12th .


I am a linen draper in Leicester-fields . I lost eight linen handkerchiefs out of the shop on the 12th of February, at I believe about four o'clock; they were on the counter. There were several people in the shop; the prisoner came in under pretence of looking at some cotton for a bedgown. I turned about for a piece of muslin; when I turned back I missed the handkerchiefs. I jumped over the counter to shew this other person the muslin. The prisoner said the cotton would not do, and went out. I went after her and took the handkerchiefs from under her arm, under her cloak. I brought her back again. She was taken to the office in Litchfield-street.

What is the value of the handkerchiefs? - They were worth eight shillings.


I never took any thing. I had witnesses yesterday.

GUILTY of stealing the handkerchiefs to the value of 4 s. 10 d.

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BULLER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-43
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine; Miscellaneous > military naval duty

Related Material

169, 170, 171. THOMAS BROWN , DAVID JONES , and WILLIAM JONES were indicted for stealing 14 lb. wt. of lump sugar, value 10 s . the property of Robert Markland and William Arnold , Jan. 17th .


I am a grocer and am in partnership with William Arnold . In the evening of the 17th of January the three prisoners came to our shop; I was busy in making out a gentleman's bid and settling the account. David Jones asked for a quarter of a pound of sixpenny sugar; there were about one hundred loaves of sugar lay on the outside the counter; Thomas Brown was the last that came in at the door. William Jones laid his arm over the sugar which was against the counter, and I saw Thomas Brown take away two loaves of sugar. I went out after him; the other men continued standing in the shop; I laid my hand on Thomas Brown , about a dozen yards from the door and brought him back, and detained the other men supposing they were concerned in this business; the sugar was found at the corner of the shop; it weighed 14 lb. wt. the value of it is 10 s. it is our property.

One of the prisoners. Did not you swear that you knew it to be your property by the mark of a figure of 1 at the bottom? - I said so before the justice, and upon taking the sugar loaf up it appeared there was a figure of 2 at the bottom. There were about fifty loaves of each sort; one marked 1 at bottom the other 2. I thought this had been I, whereas it was marked 2. I am positive they were my property; and there were two lost out of those which stood against the counter.


I am a blacksmith. I picked up a loaf of sugar near the prosecutor's door between two pieces of old pumps. I was desired to seek for another. I took the candle of the shop; I then found another of the same sort that is now produced.


This lad and I came into the grocer's for a quarter of a pound of sixpenny sugar; he was just come home from sea. I asked him to take a walk with me, we were no relations; I asked him to stop till I got a quarter of a pound of sugar? He said he would come in with me. While this gentleman was serving me the sugar his sister came in and said she saw this lad take something from under the counter; he said indeed! he came round and said he thought he had lost some sugar loaves; he immediately stopped this young lad; and he then went out of doors and brought this boy in; he said I believe you are the boy that has taken my sugar loaves. He sent for an officer and we were taken before the justice.


Going to look for my father a coalheaver; this man took hold of me and said he believed I was the boy that took something out of the shop. I was never near the shop before.


I was looking that day for a privateer; I went into the shop with this young man Jones. Somebody came in and stole some sugar; and as soon as he found the loaves he stopped this young man and me directly. I never saw this boy.

For the prisoners.


My boy William Jones 's name is Young; they have given him the name of Jones; I do not know the reason of it, he never has given any occasion to disparage his name. My husband is serving the king by sea.

What business does your son follow? - He has been at sea.

How has he behaved himself? - Very

well as far as ever I heard. I expected to get him into a lady's place; he is the youngest of eleven.




Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

[Fine. See summary.] [Military/Naval duty. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-44
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

172, 173, 174, 175. JANE VINCENT , ELEANOR M'CABE , MARY LILLY , and MARY WRIGHT were indicted for that they in the dwelling house of William Flight , in and upon Ann Evers , widow , feloniously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person a guinea, a pair of gold ear-rings, value 2 s. a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 4 s. and two gold rings, value 18 s. the property of the said Ann Evers , January 13th .

ANN EVERS sworn.

On the 13th of last month, between seven and eight at night, little Jenny ( Jane Vincent ) and two young women who were strangers to me came and asked me to go to a labour; I am a midwife . When we got to the top of Long-acre I asked little Jenny where they were going to carry me? She said only a little farther, and brought me into Lewkner's-lane; at the lower end of the lane on the right hand side they brought me into a lower room; all three came in with me; they said there is the woman on the bed that wants your help. I went to the woman and asked her how she was? she said she was full of pain all over; I said if she would turn on the other side I would examine her and tell her it she was in labour. She turned round, I examined her, and I then told the woman who fetched me that she was neither in labour nor with child. When I said so they all began to abuse me; then little Jenny said, she had a favour to ask me, that was to rub a spot on the face of the tall one ( Mary Wright ) with a bit of gold, as she thought my hand was lucky? Upon that I took a guinea out of my bosom and rubbed the spot in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Mary Wright wanted to snatch the guinea out of my hand. After I put the money in my bosom, Wright knocked me down upon my back, with a violent blow on my face. I fell on my back on the floor in a dark corner.

Do you know who the other girl was with Jane Vincent and Mary Wright ? - That girl (pointing to M'Cabe); the three beat me in such a manner that I could not see. After they had thrown me down two of them fell upon me and throttled me; I did once cry out murder! they stopped my mouth with their hands and throttled me. They pulled my shoes off and took my silver buckles out; then they all put their hands into my bosom and up my petticoats and shook me, and untied my top petticoat to see if I had any other pocket on; they got the guinea; they took my housewife and took out of it a pair of gold ear-rings, value 4 s. and an half crown; there was nothing else of value in it. I scrambled up off the floor as well as I could; as I got up one of them laid hold of me by one arm and little Jenny by the other; they pulled off my two gold rings, they were very hard to get off; Jenny swore a sad oath and said, if they could not get it off they would cut my finger off. She got one off and put on her finger; then they pulled the other off and made a scramble for that, but I do not know who got it; then they all three ran out.

What became of the woman who was in bed? - When I said she was not with child she got up and sat on the side of the bed. When the other three ran out a man and a boy came in and pushed me out.

The girl you call little Jenny you knew very well? - She lived next door but one to where I live now; She lived two years in the neighbourhood. I am sure she is one that came for me.

Did you ever see Mary Wright before? - No; I am sure she is one; I know her face. I don't know either of the other two.

Have you any doubt whether those two are two of the girls? - No.

What was the spot on Mary Wright 's face that they wanted you to rub? - I believe it was a little spot like a ring worm.


What relation are you to the last witness? - No RELATION AT ALL BUT SHE IS MY OWN MOTHER . I was at home with her when little Jenny and the other two women came for her, it was between seven and eight o'clock.

Which were the other two? - The two that stand on each side of her (pointing out Wright and M'Cabe); they all came into the room and staid about two minutes; we had a lamp burning, my mother went out with them. When she came home she was almost murdered.


On Saturday the 13th, I think it was, of last month, I believe after nine o'clock, the prosecutrix came to Bow-street, she had been sadly beat, and her eyes were very black; then she told me the same story she has told now; I did not see her again till Monday morning, then her eyes were as black as they could be, she was almost blind. I went with her to Lewkener's-lane, she led me into a place where she said she believed the robbery was committed. Mary Wright and M'Cabe were there. She particularly examined the faces of each of them and said she could not think that either of them were the people; we then went after little Jenny and found her; as soon as she saw her she said she was sure that was the person who had fetched her from home, and had assisted in robbing her, and pulling the rings off her finger. She said the reason why she knew her so well was because she lived in the same court. We brought her to the office and she was committed. She owned she went to fetch her, but said she had no band in any thing else; that the others did it. There was a general alarm after Jenny was taken, and the other three were brought to the office by Macdonald and others, on the information of Catharine Hobday , who was taken up on suspicion, and was in the Round-house.

( Catharine Hobday was called, but not appearing, the court ordered her recognizance to be estreated).

To Ann Evers . When you saw the two young women when you went with the constable, on Monday morning, to Lewkener's-lane, how came you to say you did not believe either of them to be the persons? - Because my eyes were so bad I could not see out of them; I could not discern any thing.

You said Mary Wright was the tallest of the two that was with little Jenny, who had the spot upon her face? - I thought so.

Was it so? - Yes.

( Mary Lilly was not put upon her defence.)


I never saw the woman before I saw her before the Justice to my knowledge; nor ever saw these young woman. I throw myself upon the mercy of the court.


I sell matts and sieves; I came home on Saturday night and was drinking with the evidence that is not here from six till ten o'clock. When this woman came she said I was not the girl; she took me to the justice's twice and there said I was not the girl; she never said a word against me.


We were both fitting in the room together; she said neither of us were the girls; she turned about and said God forgive her, she did not know whether she was right or wrong.

Court. Whose house was it in which she was robbed? - Holliburton. It was the house of William Flight .



Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-45
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

Related Material

176. JOHN CLARKE was indicted for stealing 300 lb. wt. of lead, value 20 s. the property of Lady Diana Beauclerk , widow , the said lead being affixed to a certain wall belonging to the dwelling house of the said Diana , Feb. 16th .

( It appeared that the lead had been stolen from an observatory in the middle of the garden, and not from the wall; the prisoner was therefore found NOT GUILTY ).

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-46
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

177. SARAH BRANDAN alias GALWAY , spinster , was indicted for stealing ten guineas in monies numbered , the property of Charles Keeling , January 13th .


On Friday the 2 d of February, Charles Keeling came to my house and said he had been robbed; in consequence of that I found the person he represented had robbed him, which is the prisoner. I found her at the Castle in Swallow-street; she made to the door to go off as soon as I entered the house; Keeling was with me. I brought her back into the tap-room; she attempted to secrete a nutmeg grater which she took out of her pocket. In trying to get it out of her hand it came open, and some guineas fell about the room; nine guineas were picked up. I searched her pocket and took out two half crown pieces, then I brought her to a magistrate.

Did Keeling charge the prisoner with any thing? - Yes; he charged her to her face with robbing him; he said he had lost fifty guineas but he did not believe this woman had them all. She denied the charge, and said she had had ten guineas from Mr. Balfour, a publican, in Clarges-street, May-Fair.


I am a publican. She came to me and left ten guineas and an half for me to keep for her; she called for it about ten or eleven o'clock the next day.

( Charles Keeling the prosecutor was called but did not appear).


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-47
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

178. SARAH NEW otherwise BARNS was indicted for stealing a watch, the inside case metal, the outside case metal carved with tortoiseshell, value 20 s. and a pair of metal buckles, value 10 d. the property of James Flinn , February 14th .


I had been cast away but a few days before. I was coming home much in liquor, intending to go to my lodging in Thames-street, from an house in what part of the town I cannot tell; I was so much in liquor I had no recollection of any thing that passed after I parted with a gentleman before I found myself in bed in St. Giles's; but how I got there, or whom with, I cannot take upon me to say. When I waked in the morning I put my hand to my breeches, I missed my watch and a pair of metal buckles which I had in my waistcoat pocket. I sat on the bedside, and a child came in and said her mammy would get me my watch; the mistress of the house got me the watch next morning.

- BRIGGS sworn.

The prosecutor first complained of missing his watch in the night; he was removed from the prisoner's bed in the next house to a bed in my house; I rent both houses and let lodgings. The prisoner came between nine and ten o'clock and borrowed a plate; she said the a young man was to sup with her who was her school fellow. She asked what it was o'clock? Then she said she need not ask upon recollection. She pulled a watch out of her bosom; I asked where she got it? She said a young man had given it her in the street. I bid her not to bring people into my house drunk to rob them. She said she did not intend to rob him; that if she had a mind to rob him he had plenty of money and a bundle which she might take more easily than his watch. She went away; I then put the man to bed in my house; I saw the prisoner afterwards in her own bed fast asleep and a man with her. I listened and heard the watch tick; upon going near I saw the watch lying upon her bosom; I laid hold of the string, that waked her; I wanted to get the watch from her; she would not part with it; but at last, from the persuasion of the man who was in bed with her, she gave me the watch to carry to the owner of it. I then came back. I asked for his buckles? She at first denied having them; then owned to them, and said if the prosecutor would come she would give them to him. The prosecutor said he would not come; then she went into his room. I sent for an officer, the buckles were searched for and at last were found upon her in her petticoats.

(The watch and buckles were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor).

- HINXMAN sworn.

I am a constable. I had charge of the prisoner; she said he had given her the buckles and the watch.


He was very drunk; he gave me these things to take care of; I was to give him them again in the morning. I had no money of his; I kept the buckles till he gave me something as a satisfaction for my trouble.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-48
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

179. JOHN WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing four glazed sash windows, value 40 s. and three wooden pannel doors, value 20 s. the property of Francis Ewer .

(The evidence against the prisoner rather went to prove him an accessary after the fact, than being guilty of a felony).


22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-49
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

Related Material

180. WILLIAM WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing twelve ounces of sewing silk, value 12 s. the property of John Lazarus , January 30th .

(The indictment laid it the property of John Lazarus , instead of Joseph).


22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-50
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine

Related Material

181. ROBERT ADAMS was indicted for stealing forty yards of hempen rope, value 20 s. the property of Samuel Davison , February 13th .


I am apprentice to Mr. Davison. I made the rope which was stolen, and know it to be my master's property. It is made of an inferior yarn to raft timber.

Do other rope-makers make rope of the same kind? - Nobody but us.


The prisoner came into my master's warehouse and begged the favour of me to help him up with the rope. He said my master had weighed it or seen it weighed; that it was bought and he was going to carry it to Lime-house. I helped him up with it in the warehouse, and he took it away. I asked him where the foreman was? He said he was busy. He went out at the back-door. I asked him why he did not go out at the fore-door? He said the back-door would do as well.

To Davison. Was that rope bought of you by any person, or did you weigh it for any body? - No, I was at home ill.


I saw the prisoner with the coil of rope. When he put it off his shoulder, I enquired of him who it belonged to? and finding him in different stories, I secured him.

To Wilmot. Who is your master? - Mr. Corbet. He said my master had sold it. I understood him Mr. Corbet.


I was so much in liquor I did not know what I did.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Fine. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-51
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

Related Material

182. PATRICK NORRIS otherwise NORTON was indicted for stealing two pounds and twelve ounces of sewing silk, value 3 l. the property of John Crocker and Edward Rainbow , January 20th .


I am a silk-dyer , and am in partnership with Edward Rainbow . The prisoner has worked for me a year and half. On Saturday the 20th of January, at about a quarter after ten o'clock, my apprentice went down into the cellar to draw some beer; he returned very much frightened, and said there was a person in the house. I took a candle and went down and found the prisoner in the cellar. I brought him up; he appeared to be very much in liquor; he said he had got intoxicated, and fell asleep, and had never been out of the dye-house. I believed so at the time. There are utensils which are used in the dye-house in the cellar. I let him go, but one of my apprentices said he thought

he had some silk about him, and they went after him and brought him back, and found some silk in the alley, and brought it in; then the prisoner owned the fact. He said it was the first time he had been guilty of such an offence, and begged I would let him go to sea. I told him if he would inform me who was the receiver I would do every thing I could to serve him.

(The silk was produced in court and deposed by the prosecutor.)


I am apprentice to Mr. Crocker. I went down into the cellar, about a quarter after ten o'clock, to draw some beer, and saw the prisoner run by the stair-foot into the cellar. I ran up and told my master. After he was gone out my fellow-apprentice said he thought he had some silk; and we went after him. I saw him secure the prisoner, and pick up the silk in the alley which the prisoner had gone through. He was brought in and I fetched a constable.


I am an apprentice to Mr. Crocker. I followed the prisoner and told him my master wanted him, and he came back with me into the dye-house, and stripped himself. My fellow-apprentice and I took a candle and went up the alley, and found the silk and brought it back.


I got in liquor; I went down to the necessary and fell asleep. My master came down and found me there. I did not take any silk; it is possible lying asleep some might stick to my clothes or buttons of my coat. Such a thing has happened. I never confessed taking it.

(The prisoner called two witnesses who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY . W . and Imp. 6 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-52
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

Related Material

183. HENRY JONES was indicted for stealing a woollen cloth cloak, value 4 s. the property of Samuel Reddenhurst , February 7th .


I keep a fruiterer's shop . Upon the 7th of this month, about half an hour after nine in the evening, as I was sitting in a room behind my shop, I saw a man's hand take my wife's cloak off the back of a chair, and I saw that it was the prisoner; I shouted out stop thief! and ran after him; I caught him four or five yards from my own door in the street. I charged him with having taken my wife's cloak. He said he had not. The neighbours then said he had thrown it down when he came out at the door. I laid hold of his collar and brought him back, and some of the neighbours brought in the cloak. I sent for a constable. He always persisted in denying that he had it. I am sure the prisoner is the person who took the cloak.


I was going by the prosecutor's with some oysters. Somebody said there was a person lurking about that house. I and two or three more stopped to watch; I saw the prisoner go into the house and come out again, and drop the cloak just at the door as he came out. I picked it up and carried it in. The prosecutor ran out and secured him.

(The cloak was produced in court by the constable, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


The prosecutor came to the Compter and wanted me to raise a small matter to make it up with me. He has been a prisoner himself.

(The prisoner called three witnesses who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.] [Imprisonment. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-53
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

Related Material

184. ANN PRICE was indicted for stealing a quart pewter pot, value 12 d. the property of Maynard Brown , February 14th .


I was at the Hind in Redcross-street , Mr. Richmond's. I saw the prisoner take a pint

pot off the table and put it under her cloak. I called to the master of the house, and then she put the pint pot and a quart pot down on the table. Mr. Richmond sent for the prosecutor and he came and said the quart pot was his property.


I was sent for to the Hind; there I saw this pot (producing it); it is my property, it has my name upon it. The prisoner was there in custody.


I saw the prisoner in our house that afternoon. I am sure she is the same woman.


I picked up the pot at a door in Redcross-street, and was going to carry it home.

GUILTY . W . and Imp. 3 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-54
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

Related Material

185. JOSEPH LARCHER was indicted for stealing 28 lb. wt. of ginger, value 28 s. 2 lb. wt. of long pepper, value 4 s. 3 lb. wt. of carraway-comfits, value 2 s. 3 lb. wt. of orange and lemon peel, value 4 s. and a canvass bag, value 6 d. the property of James Clarke , January 10th .


I keep a cheesemonger's shop . A bag of grocery was left in the shop by my father to be sent into the country; a waggoner was to call for it in the evening.


I was servant to Mr. James Clarke in Newgate-street; the goods were brought in about five o'clock, to be forwarded by the waggon into the country that evening. I laid them on some bags at the door. I saw the prisoner slip them off and take them away a little before six o'clock in the evening. I ran round the counter and saw him crossing the way; I went and laid hold of him and brought him back. The bill of parcels was taken out of the bag at the mansion house, and the bag and its contents was delivered to the constable.

(The things were produced in court by the constable and deposed to by Proudman.)


There were two women came out of the shop with the parcel, and dropped it at the door. I picked it up as I came by.

GUILTY . W . and Imp. 12 months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-55
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

186, 187. ELISABETH GARRET and ELISABETH MEE were indicted for stealing five pair of cotton stockings, value 8 s. the property of John Quixley , February 5th .


I am an haberdasher . On the 12th of February the prisoners came into my shop, under pretence of buying something. They went out and came in again; they went down to the bottom of the shop, and I saw Garret take five pair of stockings off the counter, and they both ran out. I pursued and brought them back. When they came in, they laid the stockings on the counter. The prisoners were never out of my sight.


I did not take the stockings.


I was up the alley doing what I wanted. He came and laid hold of me. I know nothing of it.

Prosecutor. They both came into the shop both times.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Whipping. See summary.]

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-56

Related Material

188, 189. JOHN WASTEFIELD and GEORGE GOWRING were indicted, the first for stealing a hempen bag, value 6 d. 130 lb. wt. of moist sugar, value 33 s. a pound of coffee, value 12 s. twenty ounces of indigo, value 6 s. 80 lb. of cotton wool,

value 53 s. and 28 lb. wt. of salt, value 2 s. the property of persons unknown; and the other for receiving the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , January 10th .

(There was not any evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoners).


22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-57
VerdictSpecial Verdict

Related Material

190. JOHN HUNSDON was indicted for that he unlawfully did enter into a certain garden of Ann Tulk , widow, adjoining and belonging to the dwelling-house of the said Ann Tulk , in which garden there was a certain pond, used for keeping and preserving of fish, and that he then and there without the consent of the owner of the said pond, by and with a certain net, did steal and carry away twenty live fish, called Gold Fish , the property of the said Ann Tulk , against the form of the statute, &c.

Mrs. ANN TULK sworn.

I have a house at Tottenham , and I have a garden of about a quarter of an acre adjoining to my house, which is fenced partly by wall and partly by hedge. It is fenced in on every side. I have a pond there, which is about twenty yards long and about ten yards wide, in which I keep gold fish; and there are some tench too. My pond has been robbed divers times from last July to October. I knew nothing of the prisoner till he applied to me to sign a paper to prosecute rogues and villains, who he said were not fit to live. He was to raise them up to me; I knew nothing of them. He asked me if I would prosecute them, and wanted it under my hand. I told him I did not understand what he meant, for he did not care to tell me the names of those rogues and villains. I know nothing about his taking my fish, only I heard him confess it when he was examined before Mr. Townsend, and he offered to make me any restitution.

Were there any promises made at that time in order to induce his confession? - None at all. He said he had robbed me, he had been through my fish pond twice in one night between July and October.

Mr. Alderman TOWNSEND sworn.

Mrs. Tulk sent to me on the 14th of November, and desired to speak with me. I went to her house. She told me her fish-pond had been robbed, and that she had a clue to find out the people who had robbed her; that I believe was on the 13th or 14th; that there was one Mitchel, a farmer in the neighbourhood, who had been concerned in it. I sent for Mitchell whilst I staid with Mrs. Tulk. He came, and from him I took down in writing information sufficient for me to grant warrants to apprehend Etherington and Sorrell, and a search-warrant against the prisoner, who was taken up for receiving the fish, but it came out afterwards that he had been guilty of stealing them. The officers found the prisoner; Etherington and Sorrell were not found that day, but they were brought before me the next. There were about twenty or twenty-five gold and silver fish brought, which the officers said they took out of a kind of back in the prisoner's yard; they had particular marks upon them. He was then sent back again that night, which was I believe the 14th or 15th, and brought the next day for further examination. Mrs. Tulk said, These are my fish, but where is my Neptune? a particular fish she called by that name. The next day Sorrell and Etherington were taken, and they were all brought together before me. There then came one Wright as a voluntary witness; he had been concerned in the matter. He charged the prisoner, before me, with being himself in the pond. Etherington and Sorrell were servants to the prisoner. Wright said that himself, Etherington, and Hundsdon came together at the latter end of July into Mrs. Tulk's garden; that the net, in going through the pond, was hung, it being a staked pond, and Hunsdon said to his man Etherington, Will, Will, go into the pond and unbang the net; that Etherington said he would not go in; upon which Hundson himself went into the pond twice. Hunsdon said he was in the pond. A great deal of conversation passed; they were refreshing one another's memory with the facts. Wright charged the prisoner with having bad his own share of the fish, and the prisoner said, No, I had not, I only chose for

Etherington. Etherington said, Yes, but you had the fish. No, says Hunsdon, You had them, and carried them as a present to such a person, naming some person in the Sheriff's-office. Etherington replied, No, you had all of them, I had none, I carried them with your compliments to such a person. Towards the close of the examination Hunsdon walked about by the side-board, and said, To be sure it is a sad affair, and we have all been guilty.

Was the time mentioned when this net was hung in the pond? - None of them could fix the exact day; it was understood to be towards the end of July.

When was the indictment found? - In December session. Hunsdon then moved to another part of the room, and came near Mrs. Tulk, and said, If the lady will forgive me, I will give her all her fish again, and those I bought at Walthamslow; he said he had bought some at nine shillings a brace, and would make her any other satisfaction that she desired. I told him it was a felony, and could not be compounded. I made out the warrants of commitment for them all, and Hunsdon made his escape. The other two were tried and convicted in December session.

Court to Mrs. Tulk. There were some live gold fish produced before Mr. Townsend, were there any marks by which you thought them to be your's? - Yes, upon a great many. I had had these fish a great many years. I believe they were mine, I had all the reason in the world to believe so. I used when I walked in the garden to feed them once or twice a day.

Court. Was the fish you called Neptune produced? - No, that fish never appeared.

Prisoner to Mr. Alderman Townsend. When you asked me if I was ever in the pond, did I not say I will reserve that for another occasion? - He said that after what I have mentioned, but what I have mentioned he did say.

Prisoner. You said I gave nine shillings a brace for the fish? - He said he bought some at Walthamstow; and to the best of my remembrance he said he gave nine shillings a brace for them, and would give them to Mrs. Tulk, as well as her own fish again.


I live in Moorfields. I am a sheriff's officer. About the latter end of July last, I went with the prisoner into a garden at the back of Tottenham. There were Hunsdon, Etherington, and one James, a gardener; Sorrell was not there then. We had a casting net. The prisoner and we dragged the pond with it, and we took twenty-three or twenty four fish; there were some of them brown.

At what time was you there? - About twelve or one o'clock; it was a lightish night. The fish were shared when we got to Hunsdon's house. The net was hung once or twice; Hunsdon undressed himself and went in and undid it.

You are sure this was about the latter end of July last? - Yes, but I cannot recollect the day.

Cross Examination.

How long have you known the prisoner? - Four or five years.

Does not he buy fish? - He bought some one time.

Does not he sell fish? - I cannot say that he does.

Did he not buy some about this time? - He did somewhere about this time of a man at Walthamstow.

I understand you were concerned with him? - Yes.

Upon what terms are you admitted evidence? - I came and resigned myself voluntarily, and gave an information against him.

I suppose it was upon a promise that you was not to be prosecuted? - No promise at all.

Prisoner. Whether Etherington did not tell you it was in a field that he was going to catch fish? - He did not say so before I went, or I should not have gone.

Did it appear to you to be a garden? - It did when I got there.

Prisoner. Was there a bank to this place like a field? - It was over a bank by the side of two haystacks.

Prisoner. You did not know it was Mrs. Tuck's pond? - No.

Prisoner. What did I give for the fish I bought at Walthamstow? - Threepence a piece.


I had a warrant from Mr. Townsend to search Hunsdon's house. In the yard behind the house we found the fish in a large place made for the purpose of keeping fish. He at first said be bought them at Walthamslow. Afterwards he said that the lady's fish were there.

Did you mention the lady's name to him? - I did mention Mrs. Tulk's name to him; after that he said the lady's fish were there. I took out with a net about twenty-five or twenty-six. He said that Etherington and Sorrell brought them to him. I took him with the fish to Bruce Castle , before Mr. Townsend.

Were any of these very large? - No; there were some very large in the trough; he said those were not Mrs. Tulk's. He said he knew the fish, and he took them out as Mrs. Tulk's fish. We had some intelligence of Etherington and Sorrel, and Mr. Townsend remanded him for that night in order that we might catch the other two; and we took the other two that night. The next day we took them all before Mr. Townsend. They quarrelled before Mr. Townsend about what had been the division of the fish. I should have mentioned that we met Wright that night; Wright said he had been with him there, and he came as a voluntier to prove the fact.

Did Hunsdon deny the fact before Mr. Townsend? - No, he never denied the fact; he spoke of some friends he could bring to speak to Mr. Townsend to soften the matter.

Prisoner. Did I confess the fact? - He did in as plain terms as a man could d.

Court. Was the time mentioned when the fact was committed? - Several times were mentioned from the latter end of July till the 5th of October. Mr. Townsend then committed him. I left him with two officers, but he got away from them, and was not taken till very lately.

Did he own several facts from July till the beginning of October? - Yes; and told where he had made presents of some of them. I went and fetched six or seven from Mr. Cater's, in Ely-Place, and restored them to Mrs. Tulk.

Prisoner. Did Mr. Cater say I brought them, or that William Etherington brought them? - Mr. Cater told me that Hunsdon sent them as a present to him with his compliments.

Cross Examination.

In what way did he confess? - He said the lady's fish were in that place and he would take them out; he took out about twenty-five or twenty-six.

Were there any marks upon them? - They were so particularly marked that when they were produced to the lady before Mr. Townsend, she said they were her fish, but she would not venture to swear to them though the marks were so very particular.

Mr. JOHN KIRBY sworn.

I had the prisoner to the Compter after he was retaken; he told me he was very glad the six months was elapsed that they could not hurt him; he told me afterwards that in case I would make interest to Mr. Alderman Townsend to be favourable to him, he would make me a present of a brace of pistols mounted with silver, and likewise a pair of the same sort to the town clerk; and a fowling piece to Mr. Gates.


I have some witnesses to call to prove where I bought these fish. It is not possible for a person to know fish one among another.

For the prisoner.


I am a bricklayer. I had some gold and silver fish given me by a gentleman that I did business for; I put them in a pond; I

cleaned it out last summer and took them out and I sold twenty to the prisoner. I believe it was in July, or near the latter end of the month; nearer the latter end than the fore part of the month.

What quantity? - They were mostly gold, but there were some silver; there were one or two a little black spotted. He gave a shilling a piece for them. He took them from my house himself; they were most of them large fish.

Did you know that the prisoner dealt in fish? - I heard him say he had bought some before.

Did you ever see his pond? - No; I never did.

Prisoner. Could you swear positively to your fish if they were brought into court? - I cannot say; I know they were differently marked, and some were white under the belly.

Prisoner. There are a great many white under the belly? - Not a great many.

I believe they change their colour; sometimes they are brown and turn? - Yes.

Prisoner. Mr. Wright said he saw me buy some fish about fifty-seven. Here has been a great spite and animosity towards me in Alderman Townsend.

Counsel for the prisoner. Mr. Hunsdon, if you will take my advice you had better say nothing.


I am a baker; I live opposite Shoreditch church. I have known the prisoner near upon seven years; he always bore a very good character as far as ever I heard. I have known him to have fish a considerable time; he kept them in a kind of back in the yard and some in globes in his parlour window.

Cross Examination.

What has been his way of life? - A marshalsea court officer part of the time.


I am a publican. I have known him five or six years. I never heard but what he had a very good character since I have known him.

I believe you are his security to the sheriff? - Prisoner. He is one of my securities to the present sheriff.

Are you security to the present sheriffs now? - Yes.

Did he keep gold and silver fish? - Not that I know of.

Cross Examination.

You say you are security now to the sheriff, do you mean to say at the present time? - Yes.

Do you mean to say that the prisoner is now a sheriff's officer? - Yes; I am security at this time for him.

Then he is an officer? - Yes.

Prisoner. The securities are in court? - Mr. Taylor, Mr. Walker, Mr. Becket, and Mr. Bowstead; they have signed the bonds to the present sheriff, but now the officers find six; and till such time as six are put in the other securities have not signed.

To Mrs. Tulk. I imagine you did not give the prisoner leave to fish in this pond? - Certainly I did not, it was against my consent.


I have known the prisoner between seven and eight years; he has borne a very good character as far as ever I heard; he has done business for me; he was accounted very honest to me as an officer.


I have known the prisoner about three years; he has borne a very good general character as for what I have ever heard, he always paid me very honestly for what he had of me. I am a publican, I serve him with beer.


I have known the prisoner between three and four years. He has a very good general character to the best of my knowledge.


I have known the prisoner seven or eight years; I never heard any thing amiss of him till this affair; he has done business for me and always behaved very honestly.


I have known him near seven years; I

never knew any thing to the contrary but that he was a very honest industrious man.

Cross Examination.

You had some of these fish I believe? - I never had them.

Did not you bring some to Mrs. Tulk? - Yes; at the request of the prisoner.

GUILTY. Judgement was respited; a case being reserved for the opinion of the judges .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.

22nd February 1781
Reference Numbert17810222-58
VerdictNot Guilty

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191. WILLIAM FORRESTER was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Robert Walker , on the 3d of February , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing a surron, value 10 s. and 200 lb. wt. of indigo, value 80 l. the property of John Horton , in the dwelling of the said Robert .

(It appeared from the evidence that a quantity of indigo was in the possession of the prisoner of the same kind with that stolen from Mr. Horton's; but it was impossible positively to identify the indigo).


Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Michael Daniel, William Thompson, Ann Martin.
22nd February 1781
Reference Numbero17810222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Michael Daniel and William Thompson, otherwise Bennett , were executed at Tybourn, on Tuesday February 20th.

Ann Martin, otherwise Harris, otherwise Lansdale , was executed at Tyburn on Tuesday the 27th of February.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Michael Daniel, William Thompson, Ann Martin.
22nd February 1781
Reference Numbers17810222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The TRIALS being ended the Court proceeded to give Judgement as followeth.

Received judgement of death seven.

Susannah Steward , Thomas Dicks , William Russell , John Lambe , Henry Webber , Ebenezer Harcup , Jane Vincent .

Imprisoned three months to hard labour in the house of correction one.

John Brown .

Imprisoned one year to hard labour in the house of correction four.

Levi Solomon , Eleanor Meekes , Walter Townsend , Jacob Mendoza .

Imprisoned six months to hard labour in the house of correction three.

John Clifton , William Crawford , otherwise Field, John Thompson .

Whipped two.

Elizabeth Garrett , Elizabeth Mee .

Whipped and imprisoned three months in the county jail one.

Henry Jones .

Navigation three years one.

William Edmund Bullon .

Navigation two years three.

John Wilkins , Thomas Watts , Joseph Dulwich .

Fined one shilling and sent to sea two.

James Mahon , Thomas Brown .

Fined one shilling two.

Henry Abell , Robert Adams .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Michael Daniel, William Thompson, Ann Martin.
22nd February 1781
Reference Numbers17810222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Michael Daniel and William Thompson, otherwise Bennett , were executed at Tybourn, on Tuesday February 20th.

Ann Martin, otherwise Harris, otherwise Lansdale , was executed at Tyburn on Tuesday the 27th of February.

The rest of the capital convicts were respited during his majesty's pleasure.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
22nd February 1781
Reference Numbera17810222-1

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The FOURTH EDITION of the Trial at large (with the Arguments of the Counsel) of Lord GEORGE GORDON , taken in Short-hand by JOSEPH GURNEY , may now be had of M. GURNEY, Bell-yard, Temple-Bar. It is printed in two Parts; the whole Price 3 s. 6 d. either of which may be had separate.

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