Old Bailey Proceedings.
10th January 1781
Reference Number: 17810110

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
10th January 1781
Reference Numberf17810110-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 10th of January, 1781, and the following Days;

Being the SECOND SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble. Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.

TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY JOSEPH GURNEY , And Published by Authority.



Printed for JOSEPH GURNEY (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar.



KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR of the City of London; The Right Hon. Sir JOHN SKYNNER , Knt. Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; the Honourable Sir WILLIAM HENRY ASHHURST, Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; the Honourable Sir JOHN HEATH , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Thomas Nugent , Esq; Common Serjeant, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Thomas Boulton Pratt

Henry Edmond

John Keen

Adam Dennis

Benjamin Taylor

Samuel Fearn

John Simpson

Thomas Margrave

James Hamerton

George Smith

William Taylor

David Pitcarn

First Middlesex Jury.

John Leader

William Leach

Richard Hett

Blanchard Coward

John Clark

George Stevens

Richard Mountain

John Pass

Francis Thompson

John Young

Daniel Crowhurst

George Jarvis

Second Middlesex Jury.

William Sanders

Richard Parkes

Joseph Bailey

Thomas Blinchew

William Asthley

William Murrell

John Gotton

George Sage

Thomas Kendall

William Puddeford

James Smart

William Almond .

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-1

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67. JAMES SMITH was indicted for that he on the 23d of December , in the king's highway, in and upon Thomas Moore , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life and stealing from his person six linen shirts value 3 l. ten linen handkerchiefs, value 10 s. three pair of cotton stockings, value 4 s. and two half crowns, the property of the said Thomas .


I was robbed on the 23d of December about ten minutes before eight in the evening going up Constitution-hill from the Queen's house.

Who was the person that robbed you? - The prisoner.

Did you know him before? - I never saw the man before to my knowledge; it was very dark; I pursued him immediately down

the hill; when he came opposite the first sentinel I called out stop thief! upon that he turned about and ran up the hill again till he got up to the same place where he robbed me and then he turned out upon the grass; but before I came up to him I rather stumbled over the bundle he had taken from me; he had dropped it, I picked it up. Upon my calling out after him stop thief! two men came up to my assistance; I told them that was the man and pointed to the prisoner; one went up to him, upon which the prisoner held a bayonet to his breast to keep him off and he was obliged to give back; the other man Michael Cartney came up with a stick; the prisoner held the bayonet to him; the man snatched it out of his hand and collared him immediately.

What was you robbed off? - Two half crowns and a bundle of linen, containing six shirts, ten linen handkerchiefs, and three pair of cotton stockings.

In what manner did he accost you? - I overtook him going up the hill; as I was going past him he seemed to keep close to my elbow; I spoke to him and said it was slippery walking, he made no reply; we walked on ten yards farther; then he turned about and clapped the bayonet to my breast and demanded my money. I said friend I have but very little money for you. He told me to be quick he must have it. Upon that I gave him two half crowns. He asked me if I had any more? I told him no; and then he asked me what I had got in my bundle? I believe I told him some dirty linen. He said he must have it; and as soon as he had got it he ran down the hill.


I was coming home, on Saturday night the 23d of December, through St. James's park, a man cried out stop thief! stop thief! I saw the man he was pursuing run up Constitution hill; I ran up to him, upon which he clapped a bayonet to my breast; I drew back from him till Michael Cartney came up and then we took him. We found two half crowns upon him.


I heard a man crying out stop thief! I came up to the last witness; the prisoner had a naked bayonet in his hand, I rushed up to him and took the bayonet out of his hand (producing it.) When we came to the justice's we found two half crowns upon him.

( John Best the constable produced the two half crowns.)


I have nothing to say unless to beg the mercy of the court; it is the first fault I ever did in my life.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-2

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68. CHARLES SHEPHERD was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Jane West spinster on the 14th of December about the hour of eight in the night with intent the goods and chattels of the said Jane to steal, take, and carry away .

JANE WEST sworn.

My house was broke open on the 14th of December. I went out in the afternoon between four and five o'clock.

Did you leave any person in the house? - No one at all. Before I went out I fastened the window with a gimlet in the inside and fastened the door. I returned between seven and eight in the evening as near as I can recollect; I saw my window open, and put my head in at the window to see if any person was in the house; it being dark I could not see any one. When I looked in I heard the noise of a foot twice upon the floor; I would not leave the window but called some of the neighbours to bring me a light. Before I could have a light brought me the prisoner came out at the window. I took hold of him by the shoulder. He desired me to let him go. I said I would not, I would know what reason he had to be in my house; I held him till some of my neighbours came to my assistance, and then delivered him into the hands of the officer William Whiteway . When I went out I left the under drawer of a small chest of drawers shut close; I found it wide open

when I came home; it was on the ground floor; the rest of my drawers were locked. I missed the gimlet out of the window. There was a square pane of glass out of the window, and a paper pasted up against it. The paper was broke as if an hand had been through it.

Prisoner. How far was I from the door when you took hold of me? - As soon as he came out at the window I took hold of him; he hardly got off the window before I took hold of his shoulder; I never let him go.

Did you see him come out at the window? - I did.


I am an headborough. On the 14th of last month, between seven and eight in the evening, I took charge of the prisoner at the request of Mrs. West. I found a gimlet upon him, which she swore before the magistrate was the gimlet the window was fastened down with. (It was produced in court.)

Prosecutrix. This is the gimblet I fastened the window with, I know it by the crack in the head of it.

What did you find besides?

Whiteway. Nothing more but a knife; he denied being in the house, and said the gimlet was not her's, but he had had it sometimes. I do not remember that he said how he came by it.

Prisoner. That gentleman did not take me, I was delivered up in Justice Sherwood's office to him.

Whiitway. Yes by the woman and some of the neighbours.

You did not see him taken? - No.


I was going past to the tide work at Glasgow wharf; it was dark. This woman was sitting at the window; when I got about eight yards past her she cried stop thief! I stopped, and she came up and laid hold of me opposite a publick-house door. Some people came about and they carried me to Justice Sherwood's office, and gave me in charge to that man. I am as innocent of it as the child unborn.

To Whiteway. Did he tell you this story when you was charged with him? - I do not remember that he made any such defence.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-3
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine

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69. JOHN JENKINS was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Daniel , on the 4th of January , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing 26 lb. of green tea, value 9 l. in the dwelling-house of the said James .

(The prosecutor was called, but not appearing, the court ordered his recognizance to be estreated.)


I saw the prisoner going out of Daniel's shop, with a bag of green tea in his hand of 26 lb. weight, it was a little before seven in the evening of the 4th of this month.

Where is the shop? - No. 3, Southampton-street, Covent-garden.

Is it an open shop? - It is. He opened the door and came in.

Was the door shut? - Yes.

Did you see him come in? - No, but I saw the door shut not a minute before I saw him go out.

Might any other person have opened the door and come in in the interval of time; it is a shop I suppose where people are continually going in and coming out? - It is.

Then you cannot take upon you to be sure he opened the door; it might be opened by other persons? - It was shut not above a minute before.

The tea was Mr. Daniel's property and it was Mr. Daniel's dwelling-house, was it? - Yes.


I was going of an errand to Pimlico, coming up this street they called stop thief! and laid hold of me.

To Fisher. Did you take him with the tea upon him? - I saw him throw it out of his hands on the other side of the way; I saw him go from the door, and cross the way.

Prisoner. I am thirteen years of age. My mother takes in washing, I am an errand-boy; I was out of work; I live with my mother. I was going of an errand for the lodger.

NOT GUILTY of breaking and entering the dwelling-house, but guilty of stealing the goods, to the value of 39 s.

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

[Fine. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-4
VerdictNot Guilty

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70. THOMAS PEACH was indicted for that he in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, in and upon Ann the wife of John Matthews , feloniously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person eleven linen clouts, value 10 s. 6 d. a linen towel, value 6 d. a linen table-cloth, value 1 s. 6 d. two linen shirts, value 1 s. a pair of worsted stockings, value 3 d. a cheque apron, value 4 d. a muslin tambour handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. a linen apron, value 6 d. a laced cap, value 1 s. a plain cap, value 9 d. a pair of ticken pockets, value 6 d. a spotted linen bed-gown, value 4 s. and a lawn handkerchief, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of John Matthews , from the person of the said Ann , December 27th .


I was robbed this day was fortnight. I was very late out with a gentlewoman at Marybone.

What are you? - I take in a little washing, and nurse children.

How late was you there? - Above half after eleven at night. I had a bundle of linen. I came to the grenadiers at St. James's gate; I asked if they could help me to a man to see me safe to Buckingham-gate , and I would give him sixpence. They called the prisoner, Thomas Peach ; I gave the sentinel twopence for calling a man to me.

Did the prisoner undertake to guard you to Buckingham-gate? - Yes, across the Park. I gave him sixpence under the piazzas. He took my lantern, and he said would carry it for me; he carried it a little way and then returned it again. He then asked me to let him carry my bundle? I refused, because the linen was wet and might dirt his clothes. I went a little farther; then he asked again to carry it? I refused. He then took it from me, and said he would carry it. I went a little way and asked for the linen again; I said it was wet, I was afraid it would dirt his clothes. He said, no, he would carry it. When I got into the park, he seemed rather to lag behind; I turned and looked, I thought it was very odd a grenadier could not walk with me. I could hardly walk, my breath was so bad. I asked him again for my bundle. He said, it is very heavy, what is in it? I did not inform him what was in it, but asked him again for the bundle; he would not give it me. When we got to the single sentry at the coach-road in the front of the queen's palace, the centinel said, who comes there? He answered a friend. The centinel said pass. I went past the sentry; then the prisoner went up the passage in the dark, and ran away with my linen. I clapped my hands together and said, stop him, he has robbed me of my linen.

You did not suspect he meant to rob you? - No I did not. He never came back. A gentleman and lady advised me to go and have the roll of the guard called; I did directly, and the prisoner was the only man missing. The serjeant took me to the sentinel again to know what man he recommended to me. The sentinel said it was Peach. The man's cap fell off in the palace, when he took my lantern from me; I looked at him and am sure the prisoner is the man.

Did you see his face clearly? - I saw his face quite clearly.

Had you any reason at that time to take particular notice of his face? - Not at all. I turned and looked at him several times, not that I thought the man was a thief.

Have you seen the things since you lost them? - Justice Durden sent for me the day after, and there I saw them.

Do you know that these things are your's? - Yes. There are separate clouts I brought from Marybone; the gentlewoman lies in. Some are opened at one end and

not sewed down. I have nursed the lady twice and know the things.

Was there any thing in the bundle but what you had lost? - No.

Whose possession did you see them in? - Justice Durden's.

Prisoner. Did not you come to the king's guard next morning, and you was asked if you knew the man, and you said no? - The colonel called the men up and asked me if I knew the man? I said I could not tell. I looked at him; they were ranked; I did not see him in the first row; I looked again and saw the man and that is the prisoner.


I am a soldier's wife.

What do you know relative to this charge? - Nothing. On last Thursday was a week to the best of my knowledge, between seven and eight o'clock, I was in bed; a young woman came in and asked me if I had got a pair of shoes to sell? I said I had not. She asked me to recommend her to a lodging; I said I could to Mrs. Atkins. She had a few things and asked me to let my girl shew her the way to the door. I said she should. She said she would leave some things she had in a bundle; I said she might; that it would be very safe, and she left them.

Who was that woman? - I do not know, she goes by the name of Peach; they are girls of the town; they give themselves different names. I went the next night to the merriment; the next morning my girl said she was afraid I had got something not right. I got the advice of the neighbours about it, and by their advice I carried the bundle to Justice Durden, and left it in his possession. There was a double laced cap, a table-cloth, and some other things in the bundle.


I took the prisoner in bed on Thursday the 28th of December, between one and two o'clock by virtue of a warrant from Justice Durden. At that time the prosecutrix swore to the man.

To the Prosecutrix. How came he to be let go at large, after you had pointed him out? - The colonel said the man could not be apprehended at the king's palace, upon which we made an application for a warrant. The colonel undertook to deliver him up upon the parade next morning. When I applied to the justice of peace, a serjeant of the guards attended, and he undertook to bring the sentinel who received two-pence for calling the prisoner, and the prisoner next morning, but he did not do it.

JOHN BEST sworn.

I am a constable. The prosecutrix brought a warrant to me; we went and endeavoured to find the man out; I went to the Horse-Guards, and could not find him. I saw the pay serjeant; he went with me and Matthews went to the Rose and Crown, thinking to find him there; he was not there. He went with me and showed me where he lived. We found him in bed. I apprehended him. As soon as he rose up in bed Matthews said, that is the man.

Was you at the justice's? - Yes.

Was any serjeant of the Guards there? - Yes; he said at the time of the alarm he was required to call the roll, and that this man was absent.

Did he undertake any thing? - Yes, he was ordered by Justice Addington to bring the two sentinels the next morning.

And he undertook to bring the two sentinels? - Yes.

Was you there the next morning? - Yes.

Did he bring them? - No.

Prisoner. The woman was not there when I rose out of the bed, she was below stairs.

To the Prosecutrix. Was you present when he was apprehended? - I was when he was dressing; and I said, constable, that is your prisoner.


She was down below stairs, she was not up in the room; I never saw the woman with my eyes; I never saw any thing she had; she has swore very false against me.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-5

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71. ABRAHAM DRY was indicted for that he in the king's highway in and upon Janet Atkinson , feloniously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life and stealing from her person ten pair of worsted stockings, value 20 s. two pair of cotton stockings, value 3 s. a linen laced cap, value 6 d. two pair of worsted garters, value 6 d. three linen handkerchiefs, value 12 d, forty yards of lace, value 30 s. two yards of lace edging, value 2 s. 6 d. seven ivory combs, value 14 d. nine horse combs, value 9 d. two pair of scissars, value 6 d. six penknives, value 9 d. six pair of base metal shoe-buckles, value 2 s. four pair of base metal knee-buckles, value 1 s. a woollen cap, value 1 s. and six pair of sleeve buttons, value 2 d. the property of the said Janet , Dec. 11th .


I keep a little shop , and I carry about numbers of such articles as are in the indictment, to different places. I went into a publick-house; I met the prisoner; he bought of me a pair of sleeve-buttons; he then asked me if I should know him again? I said I had seen him before, and knew him. I went out of that publick-house with my bundle and left the prisoner in the house; he followed me; I went to the Three Tuns to see if I had any customers there who used to deal with me. I went in there; the prisoner went in before me. Finding no customers there, I came out and went to the Duke's-Head; the prisoner followed me. I asked him why he followed me? upon which he went away. I saw him afterwards in Tothil-street, with some women; I went along the street. When I came afterwards to a place called the Broad Sanctuary , the prisoner knocked me down. I had a bundle containing the things mentioned in the indictment in my hand; I fell with it in my hand. He ripped part of the seam in forcing it from me. When he had forced it from me he ran away. I got up and followed him crying stop thief! One William Batchelder stopped him, as he was going along. I was near enough to see Batchelder stop him for in fact I never lost fight of him, and he had the bundle at the time Batchelder stopped him.


I was coming along, near the Broad Sanctuary, at the end where the Old Gatehouse was, the prisoner passed by me with a bundle under his arm. Hearing a woman's voice calling out stop thief, a soldier with a bundle, I ran immediately to seize the soldier; when he found me near him he dropped the bundle; I did not stop to pick up the bundle but secured him immediately. The woman came up and picked up the bundle. He was carried before a magistrate, who committed him.


I was in that house; and the woman was in at the same time; she asked me to give her a glass of gin. I said I could not afford it. She asked me to buy something of her. I bought a pair of sleeve buttons for a penny; she asked me to toss up for a quartern of gin. I would not, but went out of the house directly; going home I recollected I should go to the washerwoman's for a shirt for the next morning. I ran back in haste; as I was running along the street, I ran against a woman who had a bundle upon her head, the bundle fell down; I continued running on till I heard the cry of stop thief, I turned round and asked what was the matter. They seized me, and said I had robbed the woman. I never had the bundle.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-6
VerdictsNot Guilty > no evidence

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72, 73. WILLIAM JACKSON and WILLIAM JOHNSON were indicted, the first for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Michael Famming , on the 6th of November , about the hour of one in the night, and stealing 190 lb. of cheese, value 3 l. three tin cannisters, value 6 s. 8 lb. of bohea tea, value 40 s. 6 lb. of green tea, value 42 s. 100 lb. wt. of lump sugar, value 4 l. and 208 pieces of copper, value 12 s. the property of the said Michael in his dwelling-house ; and the other for receiving the above

goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , against the statute, &c.

(The counsel for the prosecution did not call any witnesses.)


10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-7

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74, 75. JOHN LARBY and WILLIAM DOBEY were indicted for that they in the king's highway, in and upon James Binyon , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. a counterfeit sixpence and one shilling and three pence in monies, numbered, the property of the said James , December 7th .


I was going from Southampton-court, Queen's-square, to Norton-street, Marybone, on the 7th of December; I went across the fields; four of my acquaintance went with me to see me safe across the fields. They left me in Tottenham-court Road, just above the Tabernacle; I was going along London-street ; at the farther end of the street, just by the rope walk, I saw the two prisoners coming towards me on the same side of the way. When they came up to me, the tall man Larby, held up a knob stick and said stop and deliver your money! I said whatever I have got you shall have; I took eighteen pence out of my breeches pocket, which the short man Dobey took; the sixpence was a counterfeit. Dobey immediately felt at my fob and said where is your watch? I said I had not one. He asked if my buckles in my shoes were silver? I said yes Sir. He then said

"I will have them." He stopped down and took them out of my shoes. He said have you no more silver about you? I said no; he then said have you no more money? I said only a few half-pence; the tall man did not take the half-pence; the short one said yes, give me them? which I did. Dobey then catched hold of my neck and said is this stock buckle silver? I said no, metal; they then went laughing away towards Tottenham-court Road. I saw them run down John-street, I followed them; when I turned the corner of John-street they were then walking pretty fast; I called out stop thieves! upon which they set off running; there happened to be a watchman at the corner of the street; he swang his rattle, they kept running down Howland-street; I followed them and never lost sight of them but when they turned the corner of Howland-street. I got sight of them again as soon as I turned the corner; they kept running all the way; they ran down to Tottenham-court Road; they crossed the way and then stopped running and walked; and in that time they threw the buckles and the money over the pales as we afterwards found. I clapped my hand upon Larby's breast, he stopped and said indeed I am not the man.

When he said that had you charged him with any thing? - No; the watchman took them to the watch-house. I saw the buckles after they were found in the road just by the pales; one of them was in John Bell 's custody. I have not found any of the money since.

Are you certain the prisoners are the persons who robbed you? - I am very positive of it.


I am a watchman. I heard a rattle swing in Tottenham-court road; I heard a man holloa stop thief! when I came up I saw the prosecutor; I asked him what was the matter? He said these two men, who were the prisoners, have robbed me; and he desired me to assist him, which I did.

What did they say? - They said they were not guilty.

How were the prisoners going? - Walking up towards me just by where we stopped them; I saw one of these men pick up the buckles.

JOHN BELL sworn.

I am a watchman. I heard thieves and watch called; I ran as fast as I could and came up to them; there were the prisoners and the prosecutor all three standing still together. I found one buckle in the dust three or four yards over the pales near which they stood; they stood about three yards from the pales; the prosecutor, as soon as he saw it, said that was his buckle. We took the prisoners

to the watch-house; the prosecutor was without buckles when I came up.

Prosecutor. I believe these to be mine but there is no particular mark upon them.

Had the prisoners either of them any stick in their hand? - I did not see any.


I am a watchman. I heard a man cry out stop thief and watch! I went up and assisted in apprehending the prisoners; the prosecutor said he had lost his buckles and his money.


I was in Tottenham-court road. I heard the prosecutor call out stop thief! I came up to his assistance; two of the watchmen were just before me; I assisted in taking the prisoners to the watch-house; they had hold of them when I came up.


I apprehended the prisoners. I searched one of them I found three pence upon him, but the prosecutor could not swear to the half-pence. I found one of the buckles, when I went back, on the dust hill.

Was it near where the prisoners were apprehended? - I cannot tell where they were apprehended, but it was in the dust place, within three or four yards of where the other buckle was found.


I took the prisoners into custody when they were brought to the watch-house.


I had been to Hampstead, I went there at four in the afternoon to see an acquaintance; I staid drinking there till nine or ten at night. Coming home I went with this man Dobey to an house to drink. I came after that down Tottenham-court road; this man holloa'd out stop thief! we were walking at our leisure; the watchman came and laid hold of us, and the prosecutor said we were the two men who had robbed him. I never saw him before in my life.

For Larby.


I am a serjeant in the third regiment of Guard s, in Col. Hall's company. I have known Larby about five years; he is in the company that I belong to; he has borne a very good character during the time I have known him. I never heard any thing of this kind before of him.


I can say nothing more than Larby has said.

For Dobey.


I am a serjeant in the third regiment of Foot Guard s. The prisoner is a soldier in Col. Stevens's company; he is in the company that I pay. I have known him between four and five years, he has always borne a very good character.

BOTH GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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76. MICHAEL CHAPMAN was indicted for stealing thirty pounds in monies, numbered, the property of John Langton , in the dwelling house of John Childs , November 28th .


I am servant to Mr. John Childs .

Did you lose any money in the month of November last? - I believe it was about that time, about thirty pounds; it was in a box in the room where I sleep, in Mr. Childs' house.

Was the box locked? - I cannot say; I found it unlocked when I missed my money. I had never found it unlocked before; I used to keep it locked.

Was it unlocked, or had it been broke open? - Unlocked; my money was gone.

How long before you missed your money had you seen it? - About four days.

Did you count your money? - No; it was in a paper; I cannot say how long before I had counted it.

For days before had you seen the money or only the paper? - The money; I opened the paper. At the time I lost my money the prisoner was flush of money and was changing gold. He was a soldier in the Royal Irish quartered in the house; he changed about three guineas that I heard of; that gave me a suspicion of him.

Was he taken up? - Yes; the serjeant

took him up and he was put in the Guard House and kept there for seven or eight days; then he was let out; then he changed more gold and I had him taken up again.

What did he change then? - About three guineas; I don't know what he changed before; we had him before Justice Hayes, who committed him to prison; I can say nothing more against him.

Are there any other witnesses? - Only where he changed some money.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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77. SARAH GIBBS was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 5 l. a stone swivel seal set in base metal, value 12 d. and a brass watch key, value 1 d. the property of John Burnell , privately from the person of the said John , October 22d .


On the twenty second of October I lost my watch in the Park; there was a swivel seal and key to it. As I was coming down the Park the prisoner asked me where I was going? I told her I was going home; she persuaded me to go with her. I went with her from the Mall as it is called towards the gate that goes into Fludyer-street; she made a stop near Fludyer-gate ; she then had a great deal to say to me which I paid great attention to; in the mean time she took my watch out of my pocket.

Did you perceive her when she did it? - Not at that juncture of time; when she left me she made a run; as soon as I perceived her to run I put my hand to the side of my fob and missed my watch.

When was the last time before that that you knew the watch was in your pocket? - About ten minutes before.

Are you sure it was in your pocket when this woman came up to you? - Yes; I am perfectly sure of it; I pursued her when I saw her make a run, she made a flip out of the Park into Fludyer-street. I thought my watch was lost, I went home to bed. The next morning I went to the man who had mended it in Wood-street, and told him I had lost my watch; he advised me to advertise it, which I did three days and heard nothing of it. In the Christmas week I had an information where the watch was; I went to Sir John Fielding 's, and took one of his men and went to the house where I had the information and found the watch. Jealous had it and gave it to Carpmeal.


I bought a watch of the prisoner she told me she found it.

(Carpmeal did not appear to produce the the watch.)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-10
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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78. SIMON SOLOMONS was indicted for stealing a wicker hamper, value 1 s. and twenty four glass bottles, value 4 s. the property of Thomas Plummer , Esq . January 9th .


I am apprentice to Mr. Plummer, a West-India merchant , who lives at No. 48 in Lime-street . Yesterday morning about half after eleven o'clock a lad came to me in the compting-house and asked me if I missed a hamper; I told him I did not.

Had you any care of these bottles? - No. He told me a man had been taken up with a hamper on his back that was supposed to be taken out of our hall and was in a stable yard behind the house. I went to the place and saw the prisoner with a number of people about him who had stopped him; the hamper had been taken from him; it contained twenty four empty bottles. I knew the hamper to belong to us by a parchment direction on it to John Beach, Esq. Hackney, who is one of the partners of the house. I went to Mr. Plummer, and one of the clerks went with the prisoner to the compting-house while I went to Mr. Plummer who was out.


I stopped the prisoner with the hamper in the stable yard behind Mr. Plummer's house. I had seen him and others lurking about the

place for two or three weeks; I had a suspicion of him and stopped him. The hamper had a direction to Mr. Beach and contained twenty four empty bottles.

THOMAS PLUMMER , Esq. sworn.

The hamper had been in my hall about a fortnight; it had two dozen of empty bottles in it; it was directed to John Beach, Esq. Hackney. I had observed the direction several times, it was my hamper.


A man asked me if I would earn a shilling and gave me this hamper to carry to Leaden-hall street. I had not gone far before this man stopped me.

GUILTY N. one year .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s
SentenceMiscellaneous > fine; Imprisonment

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79. SARAH WITHERS was indicted for privately stealing in the shop of Thomas Lewis , a gold ring with five rose diamonds set therein, value 42 s. the property of the said Thomas , December 14th .


I am the wife of Thomas Lewis , who is a comb maker and jeweller in Ludgate-street . On the 14th of December I lost a gold ring with five rose diamonds out of a drawer in the shop in which the goods were kept. The prisoner came in about a quarter after three in the afternoon with another person; one of them asked for a gold seal; I cannot take upon me to say which asked to see the seal. I took out the drawer and one of them took up a silver seal and asked the price of it; the other then said, they wanted a gold seal for a present. I said I had no gold seals. They then made an apology for giving me the trouble and went out of the shop. As soon as they turned round to go out I looked to see if any thing was missing out of the drawer, and immediately missed this ring. I went after them.

When had you last seen that ring before they came in? - I cannot take upon me to say.

Had you seen it that day? - I cannot say; I put it in the case the day before. When I went after the women and brought them back the prisoner threw the ring down on the counter. When I first went out I did not see them in the street; I looked up a passage beside the house and saw them running; I ran after them; I took hold of the prisoner's hand and said you must come back; one of you have taken a diamond ring! she said how could I think such a thing! I said I was sure they had; she hesitated at the end of the passage, but then went into the shop and threw the ring down on the counter.

Did only the prisoner or both go back to the shop? - Both; I met a friend in the passage who brought back the other; but before she came into the shop I saw the prisoner throw the ring into the drawer which I had left on the counter; it struck on a pair of spectacles; she took her hand from under her cloak and threw it in the drawer.

Cross Examination.

Did any other person see her throw it in the drawer? - No; there was no person in the shop but she and me.

Did not you examine them both? - They were taken up and examined.


I was at dinner in the parlour. I heard Mrs. Lewis call out very loud Mr. Lewis; I looked and saw she had hold of the prisoner by both her wrists.

That was when she was brought back? - Yes; there was no person in the shop then but the prisoner and Mrs. Lewis.

Did you see her throw the ring in the drawer? - No.

(The ring was produced by Thomas Warren the constable and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


When I came into the shop there was a great quantity of people in the shop.

Prosecutrix. There was no person in the shop when they came in.

When they were brought back was not there a number of people came in with them? - No; only my friend who brought in the other woman.

For the Prisoner.


I live on my means; I have freehold and leasehold estates in London and in the country.

I have known the prisoner nine or ten years; she always bore a good character.


I am a lace manufacturer; I have known the prisoner four or five years; she always bore a good character.

GUILTY of stealing the ring to the value of 4 s. 10 d. Fined 1 s. and imprisoned 1 year .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-12
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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80. ARTHUR LIONS was indicted for stealing a guinea, a half-guinea, and twenty shillings, in monies , numbered, the property of Richard Lego , December 26th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)

MARY LEGO sworn.

I am the wife of Richard Lego . My husband keeps a publick-house in Petticoat-lane . On the 26th of December, about ten o'clock at night, the prisoner and two more came into our house and called for a pot of beer; being people of bad character I refused drawing of it.

Did you know them before? - Yes, as being people of bad character. The prisoner swore he would have it. There were two master-shoemakers in the bar. Thinking they were Christmas-box people, they persuaded me to draw it, as they promised not to sit down, but go as soon as they had drank it. They staid about half an hour, standing by the fire. My husband came in by that time and said to them, gentlemen, what business have you here, and desired them to go out. They had drank the beer and wanted more; they insisted upon staying, that caused a great wrangle, a scuffle ensued between my husband and them; the prisoner threw me down and picked my pocket.

Are you sure Lions threw you down? - Yes.

Were any of the others near you at the time? - No. When I got up I went to the bar, and Lions was gone out then. When I got to the bar, I said I was robbed of every sixpence in gold I had got. I had in my pocket a guinea, a half guinea, and upwards of twenty shillings in silver.

What reason have you to suppose Lions picked your pockets while you was down? - Because I found he was upon me when I was down, and had both his arms round me to my pocket.

In what situation was you on the ground? - Upon my face; I turned my head and saw him.

How long was you on the ground? - Not above half a minute. I had given him change for sixpence for the pot of beer just before, and my money was safe then.

Did you find any of the money again? - No, we went immediately after him, and took him between one and two in the morning. I charged the watchman with him. There was a guinea, a half guinea, and some silver and halfpence found upon him; the constable has it.

Prisoner. There were a great number of people in the house at the time I threw her down. I never went out of the room till all the rest of the people were gone; we had seven or eight pots of beer.

Lego. It is every word of it false; they had but that one pot of beer in the house.


I keep a publick-house in Petticoat-lane. When I came in, the prisoner and two others were there. Knowing the prisoner in particular, I desired them to go out, for they had no business there. The prisoner refused to go out, he said he would stay as long as there was any company there. I endeavoured to get them out; which occasioned a scuffle; the prisoner was down upon my wife with his arms under her apron, with a pretence to lift her up. Says he Mrs. Lego, I will lift you up.

Did you see his hands under her apron? - Yes, she lay upon her face.

Do you know what money she had? - No, she had a guinea and four half-crowns of me at noon. I saw the prisoner searched, there were found a half guinea and fourteen shillings in one pocket, and six shillings and sixpence in another; the guinea and a half crown and two shillings were afterwards found in his shoes.


The prisoner was brought to the watch-house; I searched him, and in his breeches pocket I found half a guinea, seven shillings and sixpence in silver, and ten-pence-half-penny. Then we searched all his pockets, and there was money found in every one to the amount, in the whole, of sixteen shillings and some halfpence, we took him to the Compter. When the rest of the watchmen were gone he said, d - n them all, I have flung them now, I have ten guineas about me. I desired to have a candle, I took him out of the kitchen into the parlour and searched him. I found in his shoes a guinea, a half-crown, two shillings in silver, and three penny-worth of halfpence.

( Begnell, a constable, produced the money ound upon the prisoner.)


I went to this house. I had several pots of beer. Lego came in and blew the candles out, and said we should have no more beer there, and fell a fighting with one Morris, and said we should go. Morris and he were quarrelling together, and his wife came to take him away; then we all went out of the house. I went out first; we went into Bird's gin-shop, and drank several quarterns of gin together. Lego took another man first to the watch-house, and then came back and took me, and carried me to the Compter. I took my money out of my pocket as I was going to the Compter and put it into my shoes, for safety. I was much in liquor. I did not know what I was about. My head has been fractured, and I do not know what I am about when I am in liquor.

GUILTY . N. 3 years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-13
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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81, 82. THOMAS HYLETT and SAMUEL BARBER were indicted for stealing a wooden cask, value 12 d. and 800 dried fish, called herrings, value 40 s. the property of William Bishop , January 5th .


I am servant to William Bishop , who is an oil-man , in Broad St. Giles's . On Friday last about half after five in the afternoon, I was going to the door to fetch a barrel of herrings in. I missed the barrel. I enquired of a little lad just by, who said he saw two men take them from the door. I enquired of several people and was directed which way they went, rolling it along the ground. I overtook them both in Bow-street, near Broad St. Giles's. They were at the top of the street, about 500 yards from our shop; I laid hold of them both and asked them where they were going with the barrel? They asked what it was to me? I said they should soon know what business it was to me. I called to some of the neighbours, as I was known there. They did not resist; I took them back to the shop and left two people in care of the barrel. The prisoners were taken to the office in Bow-street, and committed that night.

How do you know it was your barrel of fish? - I know the barrel very well though there was no particular mark upon it.

Did they give any account how they came by it? - They said they found it in the horse-way in the street.


Do you know where Bishop the oil and colour-man lives in Broad St. Giles's? - Yes.

Was you there on Friday last? - Yes, playing about the door; there was a cask lying on the iron rails of the cellar window; two soldiers took it and attempted to help it upon one of their backs; his hat fell off, and then they rolled it along the ground towards Holbourn, and went up Bow-street.

Did you see any person stop them? - I saw Mr. Bishop's man stop them and collar them both; he took them home. I took care of the barrel, and then it was rolled home.


My comrade and I were going home to our quarters on Friday last about a quarter after five; there was a man with a cask at the door. He said, soldiers, if you will take

this cask to the top of Bow-street, I will give you sixpence. He said he was going to call at an house there, and would be with us presently. We rolled it across the street-way and coach-stand, we never saw the man any more.

To Reynolds. When you saw the prisoners roll the cask away, did you see three men? - No.

For the Prisoners.


I am serjeant of the same company in the Coldstream regiment. I have known the prisoners above three years; they are both very good soldier s; I never knew any misdemeanour of them before.


We were coming along Broad St. Giles's, and saw a man with a cask; he said he would give us sixpence to roll it to Bow-street and said he would overtake us; I never saw him any more.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-14

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83. JACOB DANIEL was indicted for stealing thirty yards of woollen cloth, value 30 s. the property of James Lodge , December 23d .


I took the prisoner about half after eight o'clock on Saturday morning the 23d of December. I came out of a gate of my father's yard, who is a dyer, in Gosswell-street , and I saw the prisoner and another man take the woollen cloth. Daniel shoved it into a bag.

Where was the bag? - In the middle of the street. I came up to them and asked the prisoner if he belonged to that cart? He said yes. There was a cart standing by. I saw part of it come out of the cart. I went about five yards farther, and heard the other man bid him lift the bag on his shoulder. He did so, and shut the cart door. Then I went up to the prisoner again and asked him where he was going with the cart? He said to Watkins's, the dyer. I asked him where that was. He gave no answer to that; then I suspected he did not belong to the cart, and took him into custody. I asked where the carman was? He said at the publick-house, and he would fetch him. I said he should not, and took him about twenty yards up my father's yard, and I met the carman and asked if he had lost a wrapper? He went to the cart, and said he had. I told him to go up the street and he would overtake the other man. He did, but could not meet with him; he got clear off with the goods. I told him I saw the prisoner take the things out of the cart.

Prisoner. Did you see me take the things out of the cart? - Yes; it was all in one piece. I saw part of it come out of the cart and he pushed it into the bag.


On the 23d of December I lost thirty yards of woollen cloth out of my cart. I saw it in the cart when I went into Mr. Seward's yard. I went up to ask a question. There was a load of hay, I could not get my cart up the yard; coming back I met the last witness; he asked me if I had lost any thing? I went to the cart, and missed the cloth. He said he saw two men putting it into a black bag, and that one of them was gone up Compton-street, opposite the yard, and the other he had secured. I ran up Compton-street after the man and made enquiry, but could hear nothing of him.


The other man stopped me and asked me to help him up with the bag. I know nothing of it. I helped him up and he went away with it. This man came up and stopped me. He would not stop the man who had the property.

To Mulgrave. What did he say when he was charged with it? - He flatly denied that he knew any thing of it.

(The prisoner called his father and mother who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-15
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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84. MARY CARTWRIGHT was indicted for stealing four linen sheets, value 16 s. the property of Robert Nicholson , December 26th .


My husband absconding, my brother, Robert Nicholson , has put me into an house to get my living; I cannot go in my husband's name for fear of his taking my property from me again. I keep the sign of the Prince of Wales, a publick-house in Petty-France, Westminster . On the 22d of December the prisoner came into my house and asked me for a pennyworth of purl; she had it; and staid rather late. I told her I thought it time for her to be at home. She begged I would let her lie all night with the little girl I have, or that she might sit up. I said she could not lie with the child. I gave her leave to sit up in the tap-room. The next morning I complained that the little girl I had was too little for me. The prisoner offered her service to me. I asked her where I could have a character, as I was a lone woman? She told me from one Mrs. Phillips, Serjeant Major Phillip's wife. I sent my child down with her to Serjeant Major Phillips. They sent me word she was sober, honest, and an industrious clean girl. I took her into my service directly. On that evening or the morning of the 23d, the next day, I missed a large pewter dish and two pewter plates. The Sunday afternoon there came in Mr. Price, a constable, and told me the prisoner was a bad woman. I went into the tap-room, very much frightened, and said to the prisoner, I have heard a very bad character of you. She came into the passage, and as soon as she saw Mr. Price she ran out of doors. On the evening of the 26th, she knowing the way of the house, came slily in, and stripped a pair of sheets off the bed in the two-pair-of-stairs room. I missed them in the evening about eight o'clock; they were there at four. On the evening of the 30th she came into the house again and went into the same room; the man happened to be in bed; he thought it was his wife; he called out; she went up into the garret and took a pair of sheets. The man finding there was somebody in the house, alarmed the house. She threw the sheets on the bed, and was found concealed on the top of an adjoining house, behind the chimney; she got through the trap-door of my house.

How do you know she went up into the garret and took the sheets? - Because she confessed it. She was taken on the top of the house, and was carried to Justice Durden, who committed her. The pawnbroker has the sheets, one pair she pawned, the other she threw at the man's head who alarmed the house.

When did she own it? - Before the justice. I was present. She confessed she had pawned two pair of sheets.

Were the sheets your property? - They are my brother's property, because I cannot act in my husband's name.

Were the sheets purchased with your brother's money? - Yes, for me to have the care of them.


I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner pawned a pair of sheets with me on the 26th of December, I lent her three shillings upon them.

(They were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

(The prisoner did not say any thing in her defence.)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

[Whipping. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-16
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

85. CHARLES SPARKS was indicted for stealing two silver table-spoons, value 5 s. the property of Mary Pearson , widow , December 29th .


I am son to the prosecutrix, who lives in Water-street, Arundel-street in the Strand; she is a coal-merchant ; I am in partnership with her. On the 29th of December I was sent for to the Publick-office in Bow-street, to identify two spoons.


I found the spoons upon the prisoner. (They were produced in court.)

To Pearson. Whose spoons are they? - My mother's; they were marked A. M. P.

When did you see them before they were missing? - A day or two; all the plate was under lock and key, but five old silver table spoons, and a few tea spoons; two of them were taken.

To Haliburton. What do you know of this? - A young man whose name is Radford, servant to a silversmith, sent to Bow-street to inform us that a lad had offered a silver spoon to sale. I went down, when I came he shewed me a spoon. I searched the prisoner and found this spoon in his pocket; by its appearance it was the fellow of one he had offered to sell. The silversmith is not the spoon is marked A. M. P. The prisoner told me he had them from Mr. Pearson's in Water-street.

Did he tell you he had them from Mr. Pearso n's? - No; he cried and said he should be hanged.

Mr. Pearson. The boy (the prisoner) has not been above two months from Bengal; I beg for all the mercy the court can show him.


I have nothing to say to it.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Whipping. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-17

Related Material

86, 87, 88. JOHN HENLEY , ANN SMITH , and ELIZABETH THOMPSON otherwise CLAXON were indicted for that they in the king's highway, in and upon Robert Davis , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silk handkerchief, value 3 s. the property of the said Robert Davis , January 4th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)


'I live in New Gravel lane; I keep a chandler's shop and am a pawnbroker . On Thursday the 4th of January between nine and ten at night I went to a public house the King's Arms, it is now called the Jolly Sailor, to order a pint of beer; it is about one hundred yards from my house; I staid in the house about two minutes. Going home I was stopped by the three prisoners and one who is not taken.

Did you know any of them before? - No; I never saw either of them in my life before to my knowledge. They were all coming a-breast; the outside one who is not taken, and who is a lad of about thirteen or fourteen years of age struck me on the breast; I asked what it was for; he immediately gave me another blow in the face and said, you bouger take that. I endeavoured to seize him; upon which the three prisoners laid hold of me. Thompson seised me by the hair behind; Henley laid hold of my breast; and Smith laid hold of a silk handkerchief I had on my neck and throttled me so that I could not call out for any assistance. When they had me fast one of them with a knife or some other instrument wounded me in the throat. The wound was in length two inches; there was a knife found upon the man.

You do not know who stabbed you? - No.

Did you receive much injury from that wound? - Very great; I am bound up for it now; I have a doctor attending me every day. I cannot eat my victuals on account of it.

Look at the prisoners, are you sure they are the persons who used you in this manner? - Yes. When I was robbed of my handkerchief I called out I was robbed of my handkerchief, and never quitted Henley till by the assistance of a sailor belonging to a privateer I got him into my shop.

You don't know who took it? - Ann Smith ; it was found upon her afterwards; the woman absconded immediately; the officers heard of it and they were apprehended in half an hour.

Are you sure Smith and Thompson are the two women that served you in this manner? - I am quite sure.

Was you quite sober? - Yes.

What did Smith do? - She took away my handkerchief.

What did Thompson do? - She was holding me by my hair when I received the cut.

Smith. He said before the justice it was

another person who cut him, for there was a little boy along with us? - No; I said it was one of the three who are here but I could not tell which.

Thompson. Whether or no, when he met me in the street, he did not knock me down and give the first assault? - No; I never laid hands on her till I was getting Henley in; then she got hold of my hair again and a person came to my assistance and disentangled her hands from my hair. I never laid hands on her.

What sort of an handkerchief was it? - An India silk handkerchief.

You have laid it to be worth three shillings? - Yes; it was not much worse than new.


I live right facing Mr. Davis's in New Gravel lane. As I was sitting at my fire side last Thursday night, I heard a noise; I came to the door to see what was the matter; I heard a man say, I am robbed, I have lost my handkerchief; I crossed the way and saw that Henley had hold of Mr. Davis by the breast, and the woman was hanging by the hair of his head.

Did you know his voice? - No; not till I had crossed the way.

When you had crossed the way did you see any of the people there? - Yes; all three of them. The middle one Smith had him by the hair. I saw them the next day at the justice's and knew them directly.

In what situation was Davis with regard to Smith? - She had hold of him by the hair of his head, the hind part. The man had hold of him by the collar or breast.

Is that the man you say had hold of him by the breast? - Yes.

Did you see the other woman do any thing? - No; if she did any thing it was before I came out.

Did you know any of those people before? - No; I never saw any of them to my knowledge in my life.

Are you certain they are the people? - Yes.

What did you do? - I took Smith's hands out of Mr. Davis's hair and said what are you about.


I am headborough of the parish of St. Paul's Shadwell. I was sitting in a publick-house the Three Tuns; some women came up and said a man was robbed.

You was not present at this transaction? - No; I went down to Gravel lane, and took a knife from the man; it was all over blood. They told me it was one Mr. Davis had been robbed; I went into his house and saw him all of a gore of blood; Davis could hardly speak. I asked him which was the man; Davis shewed me Henley and said that is the man, and I secured Henley and searched him, and found upon him this knife; I put it in a piece of paper, it has never been out of my custody since (producing a clasp knife all stained over with blood;) his coat was all over blood at the same time. I would have kept his coat to produce in court, but the justice said, as it was cold weather, I had better let him have his coat, and that I might mention it in court. Thompson, when she was going to the watch-house, said to the man, why did not you cut his wheezan over! Smith told them where to find the boy that had done it if they would go after him; they said he was gone to sea.

To Davis. Did you at the time you received the wound say the boy did it? - No.

Was the boy gone when you received the wound? - He was; and I saw no more of him.

Are you certain he was not the person who stabbed you? - He was not the person who stabbed me or took my handkerchief.


I am headborough of St. Paul's Shadwell. I was going home about ten minutes after ten; I heard that Mr. Davis in New Gravel lane had been robbed and his throat cut by two men and some women. I went down to see him; a gentlewoman said she saw two women running up the gardens swearing all the way; they were about thirty yards from me; I followed them, it was a moon light night. I heard at a distance their conversation; they consulted together to go home. I took them both by the back of the neck and took them to Mr. Pigott's, and heard a word drop from the tall one that the

other had something about her. I searched her and found upon her this handkerchief all over blood. (producing it)

What was the conversation? - One said to the other, d - n your eyes don't go back; if they fix you, you will be done. I don't know which said that.

Why did she make use of that expression? - That I cannot take upon me to say; they said together, d - n your eyes if you go back you will be fixed; they will do you. One said her dear fellow was fixed and she would go back and see what was become of him. The other persuaded her not to go back.

Who had the handkerchief? - Smith had it in her side pocket. I took it down to Davis and shewed it him while the surgeon was with him.

Is it bloody now? - Yes; and my hands were all stained with it when I took it out of her pocket.

To Davis. Is that your handkerchief? - It is.

What does John Pagitt prove to? - He knows me; he came down to assist and went for the doctor.


I belong to a privateer, the Greyhound Cutter. I was coming on shore at Execution Dock. I went down that day and entered on board a man of war; I came on shore at night, and coming down New Gravel lane I met these two women and a little lad with them. I knew nothing of them before; I knew the boy, he was at sea with me on board the Resolution man of war. This lad happened to know me and asked me how I did; we had a few words together; he asked me to give him something to drink. I went down with them and treated them with a pot of purl. They all three went out of the house together; I staid behind and had a glass of gin to myself; after I came out I heard some screaming with these two women and that gentleman. I ran up and when I came up, he had knocked Thompson down; I said, is it not a shame to see a woman knocked down in this manner. Davis and Thompson were in an affray together; I saw him strike her on the head several times when she was down. I asked him how he could serve a woman so? He said he would serve me the same, and came and catched hold of me; then there was an affray between Davis and I, we both fought together; I thought I was not to stand to be struck by him without resenting it. Then the boy who was with them came between Davis and me; he caught fast hold of me after he got the cut; and would not let me go. I believe the boy gave him the cut, because he bragged of it when he went home and shewed the knife.


That is not the knife that is produced; I know the knife, it was a broad pointed one with a crack in the handle. We sent Forrester after the boy and they would not go to take him. In the skirmish this good man knocked the young woman down; I went to take up her hat and he pushed me down; I lost my handkerchief and cap; I picked up his handkerchief instead of my own; being wet I put it into my pocket; I picked it off the flag stones. In the alehouse they asked me where my handkerchief was? I said it was in my pocket; Pagitt said, search her she has something that is not her own; they pulled the handkerchief out of my pocket; when I saw it was bloody I was amazed, knowing it was not my own. I never saw the man before in my life.


As this young woman and a little boy and I were coming up New Gravel lane we met this young man; the little boy said he had been to sea with that young man; he asked him whether he would give him any thing to drink, for he had no money. We went into a publick house in New Gravel lane and had a pot of purl. This young woman and the little boy and I came out together and left Henley behind. We came about half a dozen doors from the publick house; that gentleman the prosecutor snatched my hat off my head; I asked him what that was for; he asked me whether I did not like it; I said I did not as I had given him no offence. He made no more to do but pushed me down. I holloa'd out, and this young man came up; as he was coming by I was crying and

saying, O! Lord I have lost my hat that I gave seven shillings for yesterday! this young man said, who has done it? I said that man has done it; my nose and mouth were all of a gore of blood; when the young man asked who had done it; the man (the prosecutor) collared the young man. That is all I know about it; how the cut came God knows; I know nothing about it.

To the prosecutor. You have heard what these women say, is it true? - There is not one word of truth in it. The whole circumstance was not above ten minutes before the doctor was sent for.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Common SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-18
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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89, 90, 91. JOSEPH MAPLE , THOMAS MAPLE , and ANN MAPLE were indicted, the two first for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Seager on the 15th of November , about the hour of two in the night, and stealing seven linen sheets, value 15 s. nine linen tablecloths, value 4 s. four linen shirts, value 12 s. four linen stocks, value 4 s. four linen aprons, value 4 s. three cheque aprons, value 3 s. two linen frocks, value 5 s. a flannel petticoat, value 2 s. a black sattin cardinal, value 15 s. a child's black cardinal, value 8 s. a brown great coat, value 7 s. a red great coat, value 4 s. a work-bag containing three small pieces of lace, value 3 s. a silk cloak, value 5 s. a remnant of stuff, value 3 s. a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. a muslin handkerchief with a worked border, value 5 s. four silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. a silver table-spoon, value 5 s. five knives and forks, value 5 s. a brass fluted candlestick, value 3 s. a metal watch, value 12 s. a china teapot, value 2 s. two leather pocket-books, value 1 s. and a book entitled the Devil on Two Sticks, value 6 d. the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house ; and the other for receiving the above goods, knowing them to have been stolen .


I live in Swinton-street, Gray's-Inn-lane . My house was broke open on the 15th of November at night. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment.


I am the wife of the last witness. I was last up in the house; I went to bed about twelve o'clock on Wednesday the 15th of November. I bolted the door myself and made every thing fast. All the things in the indictment were lost at that time out of the house. I did not find any of them afterwards till the 17th of December, then a Mr. Maxwell was robbed. We heard of a man and woman being taken up in the neighbourhood. They were Joseph and Ann Maple . We went to their lodgings and there found several of the things; there was a sheet on the bed, a knife and fork, two pair of stockings, two stocks, a tablecloth, a pocket-book and a book called The Devil on Two Sticks, a china tea-pot, some pieces of linen and pawnbrokers duplicates where the things were pledged; the woman had on one of my cloaks when she came before the justice.


I am a constable. I found these things in Maple's lodgings (produces them) they have been in my custody ever since.

Prosecutrix. These were the things found at the lodgings; they are my husband's property.

Balton. I found in this house under the bed where Joseph and his wife lay, several picklock keys, a centre bit, a lantern, and other things fit for carrying on this trade.


I am servant to Mr. Seager. I was first up in the morning after the robbery. I got up a little before six; I found the back door open, and two great holes cut in it by means of which the bolt had been drawn back.

( Sarah Tooley , a pawnbroker, produced some of the goods mentioned in the indictment which were received, part from Joseph and the rest from Ann Maple , which were deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

( William Fleming , a pawnbroker, produced a sheet pledged with him in the name of Mary Millard , he believed they were brought by her daughter, who was not present at the trial.)


I am a pawnbroker. This metal watch (producing it) was taken up by one of the duplicates, which the constable said he found in the house of Joseph Maple , and it was pledged in the name of Gibson.


I found a child's frock in Thomas Maple 's lodgings, in Bell-Inn-yard, Carey-street.

Prosecutrix. This is my husband's property.


I was with Bolton at the time he found the property.

Bolton. I found these things in Thomas Maple 's lodgings.


I am a pawnbroker. I took in two tablecloths on the 17th of November in the name of Maple. (The duplicate was produced which Bolton found in Joseph Maple 's lodgings of this pair of sheets.) I do not know who pawned it, but this is my duplicate, part of the mark is still upon the sheets. (They were deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


Joseph Maple and Mrs. Maple lodged at my house; she always passed as his wife. I never remembered him out late at night, but whenever he was, Mrs. Maple let him in.


I pledged a piece of stuff for Mrs. Maple with Mr. Young, but it is not here.


I had these things from one William Allen , he brought them to my house and asked me to dispose of them for him, and I bought several things of him.


These things which were found in the apartment where I lodged were brought in by another person; I do not know how they came there, I did not bring them there.

( Ann Maple was not put upon her defence.)


GUILTY ( Death .)


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-19
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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92. JOHN DOWELL was indicted for that he in the king's highway in and upon William Brook , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing two pair of linen sheets, value 20 s. two linen shirts, value 10 s. two linen shifts, value 5 s. two linen pillow-biers, value 2 s. a cheque linen apron, value 12 d. and a linen towel, value 6 d. the property of William Telby , from the person of the said William Brook , December the 17th .


William Brook is my son, he is but eight years old. I live in Stanhope-street, Clare-market. I take in washing; I sent him home with the several things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them).


I was going along Shoe-lane I heard this boy call out stop thief! I ran and secured the prisoner, who was running with a bundle under his arm. When I laid hold of him he dropped it. The boy came up and said they were his things. The prisoner said he knew nothing of the matter. The prisoner was conveyed to Bow-street.


I am a dyer in Shoe-lane. I was standing at my own door, and heard the cry stop thief! by this little boy. I ran down lane with Preston. I saw the prisoner turn up Brooks-court. He was running with a bundle under his arm, and the boy was runing after him. Mr. Preston and I seised him and gave the constable charge of him. I saw him drop the bundle; the boy said he had robbed him of the bundle. The prisoner said he knew nothing at all of it. We took the prisoner to Mr. Lawrence's, a constable, and charged him with the prisoner. He was taken to Bow-street, and examined. I went to Bow-street.

Prisoner. Whether you saw me drop the bundle? - I did see him drop it.


I am a constable. Mr. Mackay and Mr. Preston brought the prisoner to me, and gave me charge of him for the stealing the bundle from this little boy . The bundle was delivered

into my care. I took the prisoner and the bundle before the justice.


I know nothing of it. There was a mob of people; I stopped to see what was the matter. A man laid hold of me and said I had robbed this little boy.

NOT GUILTY of the robbery but guilty of stealing the goods .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-20
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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93. HUGH HUGHES was indicted for burglariously breaking the dwelling-house of Frederick William Sporman , on the 3d of January , about the hour of eleven in the night, and stealing two wooden casks, value 2 s. seven quarts of brandy, value 14 s. and seven quarts of bitters, value 7 s. the property of the said Frederick .


I live in the parish of St. George, Ratcliff Highway . The prisoner was quartered at my house. On the 3d of July he staid out all night. I went to bed at eleven o'clock; the cellar door was locked, and I left all the doors fast. I got up about six in the morning. I did not know that my house had been robbed. A porter came in and said, a man was in the cage; that man was the prisoner. Between ten and eleven o'clock the officers were bringing the prisoner by my door to the justice's. I asked where he had been all night? They said in the cage. The officers had found him with two casks of liquor upon his back, going along Cabel-street. I desired to look at the casks; I found them to be my property. I unlocked my cellar and found these casks were missing. I cannot positively say that the bars of the window were fast at night, as I had not particularly seen them, but I believe I might have seen them secure a day or two before, but I cannot be positive that they were secure when I went to bed that night.


I am a watchman. On the 3d instant I met the prisoner with these casks; I asked what he had got? He said it was no business of mine. I asked him if he had got a permit? He used ill language. I swung my rattle and another person came to my assistance. I took the prisoner; he was taken to the cage. He said another man gave him a shilling to carry them.

(The casks were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


About twelve o'clock I heard a rattle go. I went to the assistance of the last witness. We took the prisoner to the cage. He would not tell where he was quartered; the next day he was carried before the justice. He passed by the prosecutor's door. The prosecutor came out and owned the tubs.


About four o'clock that evening I went into a publick-house, the Kettle Drum. I staid there till past eleven o'clock; when I went to go home the door was shut. I turned from thence up Catherine-street; going along Rosemary-lane, I wanted some house to drink in; I could find none open. I went home thinking to knock my landlord up, to be let in. I met a man with these casks; he asked me to carry them to the Strand, and offered me a shilling for it. I said I would; I carried them along; he followed me. The watchman held up his lantern and asked me what I had there? I said I did not know. I laid them down and turned round to look for the man, but could not see him. The watchman laid hold of my collar, and said I must go along with him. I said I would go without his holding my collar. They took me next morning to the justice. I told them where I was quartered. They took me to the house of the landlord, and he owned the cask.

NOT GUILTY of the burglary but guilty of stealing the goods .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-21
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 40s; Not Guilty

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94, 95. ANN MOORE and WILLIAM HUTCHINS were indicted the first for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. a silk gown and petticoat, value 20 s. two linen aprons, value 6 s. and a piece of linen cloth, value 7 s. the property of Elisabeth Harrett , in the dwelling-house of John Macnavan , January 4th ; and the other for receiving the watch well knowing it to have been stolen .


I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). The house was repairing; I was obliged to take the chest they were in into the passage because the house, which is the One Tun, in the Strand , was repairing; I found a gown and petticoat which I lost out of my trunk behind a box in a room in the same house last Friday.

Whose house is it? - John Macnavan's. I have found none of the other things since, except the watch, which I found on Friday evening, at Mr. Gordon's, a pawnbroker's.

When had you seen them before last Friday? - About a week. I found my chest locked and these things were taken out. The prisoner, Ann Moore , was a servant ; she had been in the house about a week before I missed them. The watch was pawned by Hutchins; she took it out and gave it to him.


I keep the One Tun. I was not at home when the things were found out. My sister-in-law sent to me. I sent for Mr. Rodd, the constable, and had the woman taken up. She denied it. The constable searched her pockets and found a tumbler glass in her pocket, which was my property. We took her to the watch-house. She denied it still. The constable and I took Hutchins up. A soldier who was quartered upon me had given me information that he had heard a woman and this man appoint to meet at such a place. We went there and took up William Hutchins. He confessed he had the watch of her and pawned it. We brought him to the watch-house. We went and told the woman (for they were separate) that Hutchins has confessed he received the watch from her. Then she begged for mercy, and confessed she had taken the petticoats and things in the indictment out of Mrs. Harrett's chest. Hutchins said, she gave it to him in another man's name, and desired him to get some money upon it. He told us the pawnbroker. We went there. It was next door to the watch-house, and there we found the watch. The man used to come after her, and sweet-heart her, as he said.


I live in St. Martin's-lane. William Mitchell brought a watch to me between six and eight o'clock on Monday night, I lent him half a guinea upon it. He said it was his property.


I am a constable. On Friday the 5th Mr. Macnavan sent for me and gave me charge of the woman at the bar. I found a glass tumbler of Mr. Macnavan's in her pocket. I took her to the watch-house; after that I took up Hutchins at the Gun. I asked him if he knew Mr. Macnavan's cook? He said yes. I said I have taken her up for stealing a watch. She says you have got the watch. He said he was innocent of the crime, but he had pawned the watch, that she told him she got it of one Harry who owed her money to make money of it; that he took the watch to Mr. Gordon's, and pawned it for half a guinea. I took him to the watch-house directly. He said he was to meet this woman the next evening, and give her the half guinea. I went down to her and told her the man had confessed all the robbery. She then went on her knees and confessed the fact herself. The prisoner said he was waiting for the woman when I took him at the publick-house. He went with me very readily. I believe the man to be innocent of knowing the watch had been stolen.


I throw myself entirely upon the mercy of the court. He is entirely innocent; it is all my fault.


I am innocent of the affair.

(He called Anthony Hyston , who gave him a good character.)

MOORE GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-22
SentenceImprisonment > hard labour

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96. WILLIAM MATHEWS was indicted for stealing a deal box, value 18 d. the property of John Parker , January 8th .


I live at Iver in Buckinghamshire. Last Monday night about three quarters after six o'clock I lost a box out of the Iver waggon, by the Saracen's Head gate-way . I was in the waggon at the time.

What part of the waggon was the box in? - About the middle; I saw the prisoner get into the tail of the waggon at the corner of the Old Bailey, and pull the box to the tail of the waggon. I lost him till I came to the Inn; then I saw him get in and take the box. I went after him and took him with it on his shoulder. My waggon was robbed before; but detecting them in the waggon, I could do nothing with them. Therefore I did not interrupt him while he was in the waggon.

Are you sure the man that removed the box in the Old Bailey, is the same man who took the box out? - Yes.

And that man is the prisoner? - Yes. He looked into the waggon several times as I came down Fleet-street; at the end of the Old Bailey he got into it, and drew this box to the tail of the waggon; when we came to the Saracen's Head he got into the waggon again and took the box out. I went after him and laid hold of him, he knocked me down, and said he was not the man; that the man with the box had ran up a court. I took him with it on his shoulder.


I was in my master's shop opposite the Saracen's Head. I heard the cry of murder! I opened the door and went out immediately; I saw Parker on his back in the kennel, and the prisoner upon him beating him; I asked what what was the matter? Parker said he was robbed. I took the prisoner by the collar and secured him.


I am entirely innocent of it.

GUILTY N. two years .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Common SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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97. ANN MARTIN was indicted for stealing a silver pint mug, value 4 l. 10 s. three silver tea spoons, value 4 s. a pair of silver tea tongs, value 8 s. a silver table-spoon, value 8 s. two silver salt spoons, value 2 s. and a linen gown, value 5 s. the property of James Massey , in his dwelling house , Sept, 8th .


I keep a house in Aldgate High Street ; I am a butcher . On the 7th of September the prisoner came to live with me as a servant ; she eloped the next day with the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.)

Are you sure they were in the house when she came to live with you? Yes. On last Tuesday was fortnight I heard there was a woman taken up and was at Bow-street. I went and found the prisoner there; she generously acknowledged she had taken the things, and told where she had sold them. She said, Sir, you have children of your own; I hope you will be as merciful as you can. I said I will do all I can.

Before she told you of the things had you made her any promise of any kind? - No none. She went with me to one Mr. William Smith 's, a silversmith's in Cheapside, there we found a great table spoon; three tea spoons; and two salt spoons; and they acknowledged they had bought the mug and tea tongs, but they were sold.

Did she say she had sold them all there? - Yes. She said they gave her three guineas and a few shillings for them; they denied having bought them at all when we first went; the linen gown was found in her

lodging; she told us where to go for it. Payne has the plate in his possession; he is not here.

(Carpmeal produced the gown, and it was deposed to by the prosecutor.)

To the prosecutor. You have no doubt the things delivered to Payne were your property? - I have no doubt.


I have nothing to say.

GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-24
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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98. THOMAS HODGES was indicted for stealing six pair of silk stockings, value 12 s. a pair of linen sheets, value 10 s. a copper saucepan, value 12 d. and three linen towels, value 18 d. the property of Ann Pigot , widow ; three linen stocks, value 12 s. and two pair of silk stockings, value 4 s. the property of John Eastern , December 16th .


I am an apprentice to Mr. Horseley, a brass founder. On Saturday the 16th of December, between six and seven o'clock, coming up Fish-street hill , I saw the prisoner and two other persons take the things out of the cart. Two went on the left hand side; Hodges jumped up behind the cart and rode for the space of half a minute reaching over into the cart; he did not take any thing out; then he jumped down and went to his companions and I followed them till they came almost to Bishopsgate church; then Hodges jumped up again, almost in the same posture he was before, and took out a bundle. I asked a man to assist me to take them, but he would not have any thing to do with it. I then went over the way and told the boy who drove the cart that his cart was robbed; and the boy and I ran down Houndsditch after the prisoner, but could see nothing of him; I described the prisoner to one of Justice Wilmot's men, who said he knew him extremely well; and he was taken by Mr. Wilmot's man on the Sunday morning following.

Had you opportunity enough that night to observe the person in the cart, so as to be sure it was the prisoner? - Yes. I observed him particularly; I saw him again on the Monday; I am very sure the prisoner is the person. I had seen him at the time of the rioting and knew him again directly.


I drove the cart. The things in the bundle were my mother's; I saw them before they were put in the bundle. It was lost out of the cart.

When did you drive the cart? - I think it was Saturday night; I brought it from the Borough; I never stopped my cart till this young man stopped me. The bundle contained the goods mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.)


I know nothing of it.

The prisoner called two witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Common SERJEANT.

99, 100. ANN MARTIN, otherwise HARRIS, otherwise LANSDALE, otherwise JONES , and JAMES COFFEE were indicted; the first for stealing three linen table cloths, value 5 s. a muslin apron, value 5 s. a lawn apron, value 5 s. four linen frocks, value 10 s. six yards of lawn, value 9 s. a piece of flannel, value 2 s. a child's dimity cloak, value 9 s. a copper tea kettle, value 2 s. two pair of snuffers, value 3 s. two pair of window curtains, value 5 s. two china basons, a glass salt and holder, value 1 s. two glass salt-holders, value 6 d. a cannister, value 6 d. half a pound of coffee, value 1 s. a pair of pattens, value 1 s. two muslin handkerchiefs, value 5 s. three silver tea spoons, value 3 s. two silver tea spoons, value 2 s. and three pillow cases, value 3 s. the property of John Simpson , in his dwelling-house , December 15th . and the other for receiving the above

goods knowing them to be stolen against the statute, &c.


On the 30th of November I lost the several things mentioned in the indictment.

When had you last seen them before you lost them? - I cannot tell. I am a joiner at the Hermitage. The prisoner Ann Martin was hired as my servant on the 28th of November. On the 30th I got up at six in the morning and missed her.

Did you enquire her character? - No. I missed her on the 30th. I found the fire laid ready to light; I did not miss any thing till my wife got up about eight o'clock; then we missed three silver table spoons, and two tea spoons; I don't know when I had seen them before. I saw them again at Mr. Noble's, a silversmith in the Strand. I can swear to one of them by the bruises on it.


I am the wife of John Simpson . The prisoner came to live with me as a servant. I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them from a list) on the 30th of November. The day she left me I missed some of them, and the rest the day after.

Did she give you any warning that she was going? - No.

Had you any quarel? - No; I saw some of the things afterwards at Bow-street. In her room I saw six yards of lawn; the window curtains; a pair of snuffers; a bason, and neck handkerchief. Mr. Carpmeal went with me to the place and I found them in the room. I can swear to them all; one of the table spoons has a rock engraved upon it, and the word firm; and A. D. C. on another. I can swear to the other table spoon by the bruises as particular marks.

Do you believe the other things were the same you lost? - I do.

Have not you any doubt about it? - The two tea spoons marked J. C. S. are mine. I have seen most of my property in one pawnbroker's shop or another, or at Bow-street.


I belong to the office in Bow-street. The prisoner was brought to the office by an advertisement from an office where they hire servants. I searched her and found some duplicates in her pocket, which led me to the pawnbrokers where the things were pawned by the prisoner; she would not tell me where she lodged. In the evening Coffee came up to the office to enquire for her; I asked him some questions; and from what he said to me, having reason to think he lived with her, I stopped him by the order of Mr. Bond; I searched him and found a letter from Ann Martin to him, desiring him to come to her immediately.

Did she acknowledge it was her writing? - She did not; she acknowledged the lodging to be her's; I found her lodging out by that letter. I went to the place to which the letter was directed; I found the key in Coffee's pocket; we went and searched the room, the landlord was with us; I found several things in the room which were owned by different people. In Coffee's pocket I found this handkerchief (producing it.)

What is the landlord's name? - Kinley; Kinley told me they were her lodgings; she went by Coffee's name there.

Mrs. Simpson. I believe this handkerchief to be mine; it is my own hemming. I know the place it hung upon the night before she went away.

To Carpmeal. Did you ask him how he came by it? - He said he could not answer how he came by it; she sometimes had his handkerchief and he her's.

Did he say he lived with her? - Yes. When Mrs. Simpson came to the office I took her to the room and she pointed out several of the things that she claimed.


I keep a publick-house in the Strand. We let several rooms out furnished and unfurnished.

Did you let any rooms to the prisoners? - They had the room unfurnished; they lived together as man and wife; they took it about six weeks and three days before they were taken up. Carpmeal came to the house with the prisoners to their lodging.

Coffee. Who took the lodging from you?

- It was taken of my wife. I don't know who took the room.


I am a pawnbroker in the Strand. The prisoner Ann Martin pledged this table cloth, a cheque apron, and a pillowbier on the 16th of December (producing them) she said they were her own.

Did you give her a duplicate? - No; she did not ask for any; I lent her three shillings upon them. (The table cloth and pillowbier were deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Prosecutrix. Martin confessed they were mine at the publick house.


I am a pawnbroker. On the 5th of December last I took in this lawn of the prisoner Ann Martin .

You gave her a duplicate? - No, I did not.

Mrs. Simpson. This lawn is mine; I bought it. I am sure it is the same.


I am a silversmith; I live next door to Northumberland house, Charing-cross. These spoons were sold to me by the woman prisoner; she said they were her own; I don't remember particularly the time. The spoons lay among others; I believe they are the same, but cannot absolutely swear they are.

Martin. He never asked me a question when I sold him the spoons, whether they were my own or not. - We never buy any thing without asking that question.


I have nothing more to say than that the man Coffee really is innocent of what I did.

( Coffee was not put upon his defence.)



Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

ANN MARTIN otherwise LANSDALE, otherwise JONES, and JAMES COFFEE were indicted; the first for stealing a watch with a shagreen case, value 20 s. six silver tea spoons, value 10 s. two silver table spoons, value 8 s. a silver milk pot, value 10 s. a copper coffee pot, value 2 s. three yards of black lace, value 5 s. a night cap, value 1 s. three China basons, value 3 s. a linen table cloth, value 5 s. and a China pint mug, value 1 s. the property of George Eltoft , in his dwelling house , December 14th ; and the other for receiving three China basons, a copper coffee pot, a China pint mug, a linen night cap, and three yards of black lace, well knowing them to have been stolen , against the statute, &c.


On the 13th of December the prisoner Martin came to live servant with me; on the 14th in the morning she went off. When I got up in the morning I found the door open; I went into the kitchen for a light; when I came into the parlour I missed a watch which had hung up in the parlour; I concluded we were robbed by the prisoner. I alarmed the house; my wife got up and missed the rest of the things mentioned in the indictment. I went to the office in Bow-street, I advertised the prisoner and the property lost, and she was taken about Christmas, and we had notice to attend at the office; I went and saw six tea spoons which I can identify.


I am wife of the last witness. I hired the prisoner at the bar as a servant, on the 13th of December. I took her on her own account. I was to send into Kent for her character. I went to bed on the 13th of December, at night, On the 14th when we got up we found the house was robbed of the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them).

When did you hear of them again? - On the Wednesday following; then one of the men from Bow-street office came to our house to inform me she was apprehended. When I was at the office she would not own to any thing she had taken.

What do you think those goods are worth all together, be rather under than over? - I would not be hard; I will suppose them under forty shillings. On the Saturday following I was ordered to attend at Bow-street again; then she owned where the goods were.

Were any promises or threats made use of to induce her to make this confession? -

None. She gave the names of two different pawnbrokers in the Strand.


I searched the prisoners at the time; I found on her duplicates of a watch and counterpanes (producing them). There is a duplicate, of the 9th of December, of a watch, for eighteen shillings, another of a counterpane for fourteen shillings and sixpence, the 14th of December. Here is a coffee-pot and cups and saucers I found in her lodgings, a night-cap, two large glass tumblers, a china mug, and three basons. She went and showed the pawnbrokers where they were pawned.

(The goods were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutors.)


Both the prisoners lodged at my house; they lodged there about six weeks and went for man and wife.

A Pawnbroker sworn.

This connterpane (producing it) was pawned by Martin with me. I lent her half a guinea upon it.

Prosecutrix. I believe this to be mine; the duplicates were found upon her and she owned to their being mine.


I am a pawnbroker. I took a counterpane and tablecloth in of Ann Martin . I lent her ten shillings upon the counterpane, and five upon the table-cloth.


I am a pawnbroker. I had the watch of Ann Martin . I lent her eighteen shillings upon it.

(The watch was produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


I have nothing to say.

(Coffee was not put on his defence.)



Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

ANN MARTIN was indicted for stealing a silver punch strainer, value 30 s. a silver pint mug, value 3 l. four silver salt-cellars, value 3 l. a silver soup ladle, value 40 s. a silver punch ladle, value 7 s. five silver table-spoons, value 3 l. two silver tea spoons, value 4 s. four silver salt ladles, value 5 s. two muslin aprons, value 4 s. and a lawn apron, value 2 s. the property of John Steward , in his dwelling-house , October 5th .


I am a clear-starcher.

Was you at Mr. Steward's house on the 4th of October? - I was.

Do you know the prisoner? - Yes, she came to live with Mrs. Steward, on the 4th of October. She came from the register-office, in Wych-street. I went to the office, and they sent her.

You was the last person who went to bed? - I and Mr. Steward.

Did you see the things that were lost? - Yes, I did.

When you went to bed they were all in the house? - Yes.

Was you the first that got up on the 5th of October? - Yes; I got up about half after eight I sent the child down; he told me the doors were open and no fire was lighted. I went down and found the door open below and the parlour door open and the things mentioned in the indictment were gone.

What may be the value of these things? - I cannot say.


Our house is at Vauxhall Place, Lambeth . I was distressed for a maid. This person, Martin, was hired, and came to live with me, on the 4th of October. She went away on the 5th in the morning; I was the last up the night of the 4th of October. The things mentioned in the indictment were on the sideboard of the parlour; in the morning Judith Watson came up and said, ma'am, you have been robbed. I came down and missed the things mentioned in the indictment. I advertised them, and had some hand bills printed and distributed. Upon the 21st of December I was sent for, and saw the prisoner at a publick-house, opposite the office in Bow-street. She confessed taking the things.

Did you make her any promise of favour? - I said, I would be as favourable as the circumstances would admit, if she would let me know where my things were.

Was any thing said before any promise was made? - She went down the minute she saw me upon her knees, and said, I ask your pardon; I am the person who robbed you. She asked me to be as favourable as I could and she would tell me every thing if I would go into another room; she would tell me where the property was.


I searched the prisoner's lodging when she was taken up.


I have nothing to say. The lady said she would be as favourable as she could.

Carpmeal. I cautioned Mrs. Steward not to make any promises.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-26

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101. ANN HARRIS was indicted for stealing four silver salts, value 30 s. a silver waiter, value 3 l. a silver soup ladle, value 30 s. four silver table-spoons, value 40 s. a silver sauce-boat, value 40 s. a pepper-box, value 10 s. a silver sugar-basket, value 30 s. a silver cream-pot, value 15 s. a pair of silver tea-tongs, value 6 s. twelve silver tea-spoons, value 12 s. four silver salt-spoons, value 3 s. and a silver goblet, gilt with gold on the inside, value 40 s. the property of Peter Crawford , Esq . and a long duffel cloak trimmed with silk, value 10 s. the property of Teresia Crawford , in the dwelling-house of the said Peter , November 2d .

PETER CRAWFORD , Esq. sworn.

I live in Clerkenwell . I have a colour warehouse; the house adjoins the colour warehouse.

Do you know the prisoner? - I did not see her; I happened to be out the whole day when this happened.

Who did see her? - My servant and my wife, who hired her. I know the property which was found to be mine.


I am housekeeper to Mr. Crawford. Upon the 1st of November my master was distressed for a servant; I went to the office in Holbourn, facing St. Andrew's Church. I enquired for a servant; the prisoner was recommended to me. My mistress hired her at twelve o'clock the next day. I was not in the room when she was hired.

Did she act as a servant in the house? - Yes, the time she staid, which was from twelve o'clock till within a quarter of six at night. Then I went down stairs to show her where the candles and candlesticks were, that she might bring up lights. I found the door open. I walked into the kitchen and missed her. I found a white apron on the floor in the kitchen; I went to hang it up under a cloak, which belonged to my young mistress, and missed the cloak. I was frightened, and ran up to the side-board; the plate was all gone, except a coffee-pot and a butter-boat. All the pieces of plate mentioned in the indictment were gone (repeating them).

How long before she was gone had you seen all that plate in the house? - Not above five minutes before.

Was there any other person in the house who could take the plate away? - No. There was no person in the house but my mistress, the young lady, and me.

You do not know where they were found? - No.


I am a silversmith in the Strand, just through Temple-bar. I bought some plate, I believe of the prisoner, but there is so great an alteration I can hardly swear to the identity of the woman; she was full of flesh then. I have great reason to believe she is the woman, but if she had not been in custody some time I could have sworn to her. I gave information the next evening after the robbery, within ten minutes after I had received the hand-bill. I told Mr. Bond I should know the woman from a thousand. I am sure the person produced there was the woman.

Scott. The prisoner is the woman who was at the publick-house, and she is the woman we hired. She acknowledged at the justice's that she was the person.

To Burgh. When was the plate brought to you by the prisoner? - On the 2d of November, about twenty minutes after six in the evening.

(The witness produced two silver salts, a silver goblet, a silver milk pot, and a silver sugar basket, which were deposed to by the prosecutor.)

( Joseph Savory produced a silver waiter; a silver soup ladle, a silver butter-boat, two silver salts, two silver salt spoons, six silver tea-spoons, and a silver tea-strainer, which were deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I have nothing to say.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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102. EDWARD CROSS was indicted for stealing 60 lb. of lead, value 5 s. the property of James George Snowdon , the said lead being affixed to an empty house, the property of the said James , December 11th .

(There was not any evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoner.)


10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-28
VerdictNot Guilty

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103. EDWARD BROMLEY was indicted for that he in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, in and upon John Marsh , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a pruning knife, value 2 d. the property of the said John , December 16th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)


Do you know the prisoner? - Yes. I was robbed on the 16th of last month, going from the Shepherd and Shepherdess to Islington .

What time was it? - Some time past six in the evening; I thought it was almost half after six. I went to the Britannia for a cutlass or something to assist me, and the woman said it was about a quarter after six.

Had you been drinking at the Shepherd and Shepherdess? - No; my brother and I went straight from where we were at work; as we were going through a lane near Islington, we passed by two men; then we met another, and he passed us; and then we met another and he passed us; they then turned back after us and laid hold of me; by the coat behind, and one of them made a job at me with a cutlass.

Which was that? - I cannot swear to that man, there was a man taken up two or three days after that, who I believe to be the person, but I could not swear to him. My brother put up his hand over my head and catched the cutlass; it cut his hand. I cried out murder! upon which three of them laid hold of me and one of my brother. I cried murder! whether they threw me down or I fell down I cannot say. They beat me with the butt end of a cutlass till my head ran down with blood every way. I was so bad I could not stand for two or three days after. They put a handkerchief in my mouth, that I should not cry out; I got the handkerchief out of my mouth and cried out murder! and then they put their hands before my mouth. I bit one of their fingers, in trying to get their hands from my mouth; then they began searching my pockets, and one of them said, d - n him, rip him up or cut him up. Then they took out a clasp knife and began ripping up my pockets. I said pray, gentlemen, forgive my life, I have no money you are welcome to search. We had but ninepence between us. I had nothing but a pruning knife, they took that from me, and then went to my brother.

Do you know any of the persons who committed this robbery? - The prisoner was one of the three who were beating me.

Are you sure of that? - Yes. I am.

Was it light at this time? - I had a small lantern and a candle in it.

How soon after this was the prisoner taken? - The man who took him, said they had him in custody a quarter before seven

that same night. I subscribed the man to Mr. Howes; he had seen four people talking in a publick-house, in Old-street-road. My brother and I went and had our wounds dressed, and then we came to the house; the prisoner was there without his hat. I bid him put his hat on and then I said, that is one of them.

At the time they were beating of you, was the light in your lantern? - No, it was gone out.

So that all your knowledge of this man is from your having first of all met him? - No, he was one of the three that came to lay hold of me.

Your lantern was out then? - No, it was put out by the second or third blow they made at me.

Cross Examination.

You did not know this young man before at all? - No, I never saw him before.

When he was taken up it was on account of his having spoken with four persons at a publick-house? - Yes.

You have described yourself as having been robbed by four; he was not one of the four who came into the publick-house? - No. He spoke to the four men.

Whether you did not say you thought this was the man who had the bite of the finger, and if you saw the finger you could swear to him? - No. I said one had a bite of the finger, if I saw him I could swear to him. I said I believed I could swear to two out of the four; one of the three that came to me I bit in the finger.

You said you thought if he had a bite in the finger you could swear to him? - That was another man.

The whole transaction lasted but a few minutes? - They had me down ten minutes I suppose.

At six o'clock at this time of the year I believe it is dark? - Yes; it was dark.


I was present with my brother the night he was robbed. We were going from the Shepherd and Shepherdess to Islington; in the lane this side the first field from Islington, about half way up, we met two men; they passed us; a little farther we met another and he passed us; we met a fourth, he passed us; we went on about our business. When we had gone about ten yards, as we were going between the stiles, they came back and catched my brother by the back part of the collar; I looked back and saw the cutlass over his head. I held up my left hand and catched the cutlass; I have the scar of it now. I held the cutlass in my hand and took the man by the collar and he and I struggled a good bit; then he got me up against a post and held the cutlass over my head and a pistol to my breast, and said if I offered to move or wag, or holloa, he would blow my brains out; then he asked me if I had any money? I told him no, I had not. Then he unbottoned my breeches to see if I had any watch and searched my pockets; he felt something in my breeches pocket and asked what it was? I said I had no money. He said I had and took nine pence out of my pocket. Then the other three left my brother and came to me; a young man came up to me with a cutlass and swore he would run me through; my right hand was pinned back against the post; seeing him coming up to me I gave him a smack on the face; I thought I should have been killed; I thought my brother was dead. One asked me if I was cut? I said, yes; my hand was almost cut off; they said I was very well off and bid me walk away and not run, for they should know me again.

Do you know either of these men? - No; I cannot swear to either of them; Howes is not here; he took the prisoner. He saw the prisoner and four more come from Moorfields, and the prisoner drank with them at the Round About House in Old-street.

Prisoner. I leave my defence to my counsel.

For the prisoner.


I am a coach master.

Where do you live? - In Old-street, just by the Round About House; the prisoner is my servant and son in-law. On Saturday the 16th of December he came home with his coach about five o'clock; he came into the yard and took the horses out; my man, and I, and his mother were in the yard; he

put his horses in the stable and helped the man that was going out for the night to put the harness on his horses; he rubbed his horses down and then we came into the house; then he asked if there was any meat in the house? His mother said she had some cold fish; he sat down and eat some; I suppose it was half after five o'clock before he began to eat his dinner.

How long did he stay at home? - Till near six o'clock; his mother and he had been insuring a number in the lottery; his mother said, Well Neddy, I would have you go down to Fore-street to see what luck we have had to night. He went out of the house a little before six; he was gone the best part of an hour; I was never out of the house; it was very near seven when he came back. He had not been in the house above five minutes before some people came and knocked at the door and took him.

How far is your house from Islington? - From the place where they say the robbery was committed, it is better than half a mile.


I drive the night coach for Mr. Branwell.

Do you recollect the prisoner's coming home with his carriage? - Yes; about ten minutes after five, about dusk; he unharnessed his horses; I put my harness on, he put on my bridle; I desired him to take his plates off his coach and put on mine, he did. I went out and left him there.

ANN JONES sworn.

I am servant to Mr. Branwell.

Do you remember the night this young man was taken up? - Yes.

Do you remember what time he came in to dinner? - About five o'clock.

What time did he go out? - About ten minutes before six; he said he was going to the lottery office in Fore-street.

Was Mrs. Milner in the house when he he went out? - Yes; and his mother.

Mrs. MILNER sworn.

You live in the neighbourhood of Mr. Branwell? - Yes.

Do you remember going to his house on the 16th of December? - Yes; about six o'clock, just before tea. The prisoner was at dinner when I went in.

- HOLLAND sworn.

I am a pastry-cook in the New Road. On the 16th of December I remember the prisoner's coming and speaking to my lad about the lottery; it was about six o'clock. My daughter had insured a ticket; they went to the lottery office and came back at seven o'clock; then I saw him. I have known him four years, I never heard that he had been guilty of any thing of the kind; or that he was given to keep bad company. In my opinion he knows no more of it than I do.


I am daughter to Mr. Holland. The prisoner came to our window about six o'clock on the 16th of December; I was at tea; I heard him speak to the young man; he asked me, how long I should be before I was ready to go to the lottery office? I told him in about five minutes, when I had finished my tea. Our young man desired him to go to the Round About House till we were ready.

That is a publick house? - Yes; when we were ready he went in and called him; our maid servant and man servant, and the prisoner and I went to the lottery office in Fore-street. We came back together at near seven o'clock, and parted at our door.


I am servant to Mr. Holland.

Do you recollect the prisoner coming to your house on Saturday the 16th of December? - Yes; about six o'clock; he went to the Round-About-House. I went and called him and we all went to the lottery office together; we returned and parted about seven o'clock.


I am servant to Mr. Holland.

Do you recollect going to the lottery office in Fore-street? - Yes.

Who was in company with you? - Our young mistress and the man; and the prisoner. We went a little after six and returned near seven.


I keep a publick house called the Round-About-House. On the 16th of December the prisoner came into our house; there were four men standing at the bar drinking some gin when he came in, who were followed

by somebody, I believe one of the Marshes; they went out and left the prisoner there.

Do you recollect Easthan coming for him? - Yes.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-29
VerdictNot Guilty

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104. ANN BRAIDY was indicted for stealing three stuff damask curtains, value 40 s. and two pair of silk stockings, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Linley , Richard Brinsley Sheridan , and James Ford , November 26th .


I know the prisoner. She brought me three red curtains and two pair of silk stockings about five or six weeks ago; she asked me to pawn them for her because she was rather dirty.

Did she say any thing else about them? - No.

Did you carry them to pawn? - Yes; to a pawnbroker's in Long-acre.

What did you get for them? - I believe half a crown or three shillings; I gave the money to the prisoner.

Did she give you any account how she came by them? - She did not.


I am a pawnbroker; I live with Mr. Brown, in Long-acre. Two of these curtains I took in of the last witness; one on the 8th of November; the other on the 16th.

Smith. These are like the curtains I carried; I don't know that they are the very curtains; but I believe they are the same.


I am an apprentice to a Mr. Brown, a pawnbroker in Long-acre.

To Smith. Did you carry goods to any other persons busides Brown? - They both belong to the same shop.

Brown the last witness brought me two pair of silk hose and pawned them for twelve shillings on the 17th of November, and a curtain for three shillings on the 9th of December.

To Smith. You said the reason she gave you for desiring you to carry the goods to pawn was because she was rather dirty? - Yes.

At how many times did she bring them to you? - At three times.

How came you to carry them at four different times? - I pawned but three times; they were brought to me at three times.


I am as innocent as the child unborn. I have been in Drury-lane Theatre eighteen years. I was never charged before with any misdemeanour.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-30
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 40s; Not Guilty; Not Guilty; Guilty
SentencesImprisonment > hard labour; Imprisonment; Corporal > whipping

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105, 106. SAMUEL LANE and ESTHER LAMB were indicted for stealing a pair of linen coifs, value 1 s. three linen shifts, value 20 s. and six pair of linen shift sleeves, value 6 s. the property of John James ; two yards of printed cotton, value 6 s. two linen aprons, value 2 s. a muslin apron, value 1 s. a silk cloak, value 2 s. seven muslin handkerchiefs, value 4 s. two linen handkerchiefs, value 1 s. six yards of silk edging, value 18 d. two gauze large caps, value 3 s. and two pair of silk gloves, value 2 s. the property of Philip Terry ; three yards of blue ribband, value 18 d. two yards of trimmed ribband, value 1 s. a small pearl artificial flower, value 7 s. two silk bonnets, value 4 s. five yards of silk lace, value 2 s. five yards of other silk lace, value 7 s. one silk cloak, value 5 s. a scarlet cloak, value 2 s. a linen table cloth, value 6 d. a lawn frock, value 4 s. and four linen night-caps, value 1 s. the property of Griffith Ellis , in the dwelling house of Philip Terry and Griffith Ellis .


I am the wife of Griffith Ellis ; Mr. Phillip Terry and Griffith Ellis are in partnership. On Wednesday the 16th of December between five and six in the evening, my brother Phillip Terry came into the shop and informed

us we were robbed of a bundle out of the shop; we pursued after the persons but could not find them; we enquired at the different pawnbrokers and sent an inventory of the things, the same as in the indictment (repeating them); one of the shifts had been offered to pawn at a pawnbroker's by Esther Lamb .

What is the worth of them? - They are worth together about forty shillings.


I am a constable. The prosecutor and I went to search Samuel Lane's Lodging; we found there these things; producing a small part of the property.

Philip Terry . These things are my own property.


The prisoner Esther Lamb offered me a shift to pawn; she said it was not her own, but a woman's who had lodged in her house three years; I refused to take it in. She said she would take it back and give it to the woman. I had taken in a shift half an hour before, when Esther Lamb brought this other shift, I said I believe it is the fellow to that brought half an hour before; I measured them and found they answered exactly and I would not take it in. This is the sheet brought half an hour before. (It was produced and deposed to by Margaret Terry .)


I am very innocent of it.

LANE GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

SAMUEL LANE and ESTHER LAMB were indicted for stealing four linen stocks, value 3 s. a corded dimity waistcoat, value 3 s. a cotton waistcoat, value 6 d. a pair of callico drawers, value 6 d. a cotton night cap, value 3 d. two linen shifts, value 2 s. a figured dimity petticoat, value 10 s. a muslin apron, value 6 d. two plain muslin aprons, value 6 d. three linen pocket handkerchiefs, value 2 s. a muslin handkerchief, value 6 d. two muslin caps, value 1 s. five cotton stockings, value 2 s. a pair of pockets, value 6 d. a linen cloak bag, value 6 d. two linen table cloths, value 3 s. and a linen napkin, value 6 d. the property of William Helsea ; a muslin handkerchief, value 2 d. a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. three linen shifts, value 2 s. two pair of linen mitts, value 6 d. four linen stocks, value 2 s. and two linen shirts, value 2 s. the property of Francis Helsea , December 7th .


I am a constable. These things (producing the goods mentioned in the indictment, which were deposed to by the wives of the prosecutors) I found behind a bed in Samuel Lane's lodgings; the prisoners lived together as man and wife. Esther Lamb was drying some of the linen; she claimed them to be her property. I asked her how she came by it; she said another woman, she could not tell whom, gave them to her.

Lamb. I took the things; the man is innocent.

Lamb was not put on his defence.



Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Lane: Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Lamb: Imprisonment. See summary.]

[Lamb: Whipping. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-31
VerdictNot Guilty

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107. SARAH GILBERT was indicted for stealing a guinea , the property of Abraham Watts , January 8th .


Last Monday night I went into the Angel and Sun a public house, to treat the prisoner and two other women with a glass of gin. I gave the landlady 1 s. it came to sixpence; the prisoner took the sixpence in change from the landlady. When I was coming out of doors the prisoner said I should give them a shilling to get oysters, or something of that sort. I told them I could not afford it. One

made answer I should give them three pence. I said I had no halfpence, I could not afford it. They teazing me, I put my hand into my pocket to take the halfpence, and took out a guinea; and the prisoner took it out of my hand. I went to seek for a constable to take her up.

Did you try to get it again? - No; I went to get a constable. I found her again about two hours after and charged the watch with her.

Did the women run away? - No, they walked away together.

How long did you stay with them after she took the money? - I went away directly to get a constable.

What o'clock might this be? - About eight o'clock in the evening.

Where did you find her? - At the Angel and Sun.

Did you see her go into the house when you came away? - No.

What did she say when you charged the constable with her? - She denied having it, and we took her to the watch-house. I went with them.

What did she say there? - She denied it.

How much money had you in your pocket? - Near three pounds.

How long was you in the publick-house with them? - Not about five minutes.

Did you drink sixpenny worth of gin? - The liquor came to sixpence. I did not drink any. I do not know what liquor they had, they ordered it themselves.

What did they ask for? - I do not know whether it was rum, shrub, or what.

What are you? - A porter . I had been at a publick-house in Essex-street, to wait for a young man. He did not come.

What did you drink there? - Only a glass of gin.

What did you pay for it? - A penny only.

What other alehouse had you been in that day? - None.

Did you drink no other liquor that day? - Only what I drank at home, a pot or two of beer.

Was you sober? - Yes.

You said you did not know that you had any halfpence in your pocket? - Yes.

Had you your gold and silver and halfpence together when you paid the penny an hour before? - No, the penny was in another pocket.


On Monday night, going down the street, I met the prosecutor with a young woman. I asked him to give me something to drink. He said he was going farther down the street, and would as he came back. He met me as he came back with two other women; we took him into the Angel and Sun and he treated us with sixpenny-worth of liquor. We then asked him for a shilling to get something for supper? He said he had nothing but two-pence. I went about my business. About eleven o'clock, I went into the Angel and Sun, and the prosecutor was there at supper with three women. He charged the watch with me, and took me to the watch-house. He broke open the door and lay with me all night. He charged another woman with it, and she gave him eight shillings back.

Did you charge another woman with it? - No.

Did not you receive some of it back from another woman? - Yes, eight shillings from a woman who was with her.

Did you pass that very night with the prisoner? - No.

Prisoner. He did upon my honour.

Did you pass that night with the prisoner? - I did not break open the door.

I asked you whether you passed that night with the prisoner? - Some part of the night.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-32
SentenceCorporal > whipping; Imprisonment

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108. ELISABETH JONES was indicted for stealing a cloth surtout coat, value 10 s. the property of Thomas Cherry , January 9th .


I am a journeyman coach-maker , in King-street, Westminster . I lost a surtout coat out of the house, last Tuesday. I had it on about nine o'clock in the morning. I took it off, and put it in a back room, and went out. I returned in the afternoon about six o'clock. I saw it the same night at the rotation-office in Litchfield-street.

(The coat was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


Thomas Cherry is my son; he lodges with me. On Tuesday when he went out in the morning he left his coat on a chair in the back room. The prisoner came into the house and pretended she wanted to make water. I took her to the back room. I was in the shop while she was in the room; when she was gone I missed the great coat. I made enquiry after it and found it at a pawnbroker's.

- GARNER sworn.

I am a pawnbroker. I took in the coat in pawn of the prisoner on the 9th of January. In about half an hour after that the prosecutor's mother came and said the coat was stolen from her.


I was going along; I met a young woman. She asked me to pawn this coat for her. She said she would give me sixpence, and treat me with a pot of purl.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Whipping. See summary.]

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-33
VerdictNot Guilty

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109. DAVID MILLER was indicted for that he, together with twenty other persons and more, did unlawfully, riotously, and tumultuously assemble, to the disturbance of the publick peace, and did begin to demolish and pull down the dwelling-house of Robert Kilby Coxe , Esq . against the form of the statute, &c. June 7th .


I am servant to Mr. Coxe.

Do you know of any damage being done to Mr. Coxe's house? - Yes; it was on a Wednesday morning in Jene. I know the prisoner was concerned in it.

Were there many persons there? - I suppose there might be twenty boys and men concerned. I was in the old dwelling-house which Mr. Coxe used to live in. The old dwelling-house was not injured at that time.

How far is the old house from the house which was injured? - It may be ten or fifteen yards.

What was done to Mr. Coxe's house? - They pulled the inside of it out; I saw them carry out the linings of the window's and the skirting of the house, and the middle part of the stairs were entirely destroyed. I could see that from the old dwelling-house, for I never was in the new house. Afterwards some of the floors were taken up.

Where did you see the prisoner? - I saw him pull the skirting down, which was part of the dwelling-house.

How long did you see him there? - Ten or fifteen minutes; then I went back again.

Did you hear him say any thing? - No.

Did you see him do any thing else? - No.

Do you know why they went away? - No.

Were any of these fifteen or twenty persons employed at the same time? - Yes. They were employed in pulling the boards of the house down.

Did you ever see the prisoner before? - Yes; I know him by sight.

What is he? - A carpenter , as he told me; before this he had sprained his ancle and he came and put it into our mesh tub.


Do you know any thing of Mr. Coxe's house being injured last summer? - Yes.

How many people might there be assembled? - Twenty or more. I saw Davy Miller there between the hours of eight and ten, on the Wednesday morning. I saw him pulling at the sash weight.

How were the others employed? - Some were carrying out boards and timbers belonging

to the house. I was standing at the back of this house, in the counting-house of Mr. Coxe's old dwelling-house, with the last witness.

How long did the mob stay? - I cannot say.

How long did you see the prisoner there? - Ten or fifteen minutes.

Did you go into the house after the mob had quitted it? - No.

Did you hear them say any thing what was the occasion of this? - No.

Did they make any noise or say any thing? - Not that I heard.

Prisoner. I have been backwards and forwards five or six times a day every day in my business, and they never charged me before.

Odell. I saw him one night in a publick-house.

Court. The prisoner has not absconded has he? - He never went away.

How came you not to charge him before? - I had nobody with me and did not choose to do it myself.

How came you just now to do it? - There were three or four of us together.

Is he so desperate a fellow you could not have done it before? - No.


What do you know of this matter? - I saw the mob there and saw the prisoner pull the frame of the window out.

How came you not to apprehend him before? - Harrington showed me the man several times afterwards. We went into a publick-house to get a pint of beer. Harrington said there is a man that helped to pull our master's house down, let us have him taken up.


They got themselves in liquor and sent for a constable and took me up. Neither of them charged me with this. I did not see their master's house till ten o'clock at night, then the rioters were gone from the house. I have been backwards and forwards five or six times every day, and they never accused me with it.

For the Prisoner.


I am a master carpenter. I have known the prisoner as long as I have known any thing. He has worked with me four years. He has a very good character. He is a civil honest creature as ever the earth carried.


I have known him eighteen years; he is an hard-working industrious man. I never heard any bad character of him.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-34

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110, 111. ANN GILSON and MARY JONES were indicted for stealing on the 18th of January , fifty-seven yards of white silk persian, value 5 l. the property of Samuel Arnett and Daniel Cox , privily and secretly in the shop of the said Samuel and Daniel .


I am in partnership with Daniel Cox . On Monday last, the 8th of January, the prisoners came to our shop; they bought a yard of white persian, a yard of pink persian, and a black russel coat. They were served by my shopman, Thomas Cope . They paid for what they bought, and were going out of the shop. Just as they got off the second step, Thomas Cope pushed by me, and said they had robbed us. He overtook them before they were past the window; he laid hold of Ann Gilson by the arm, and told her she had stolen a piece of persian. He brought her back. Ann Gilson came in first. I stood facing of her, and was very attentive in looking at her; she went and stood near the side of the counter where she was served. As I stood before her I saw this piece of persian lie on the ground.

Was it on the ground when she came in? - No. I picked the persian up, and told her it was my property. I was satisfied in my own mind it must come from some part of her clothes. I immediately ordered one of my servants to go for a constable. Ann Gilson then fell on her knees and begged for

mercy. She offered me all she had about her and all she had in the world if I would not proceed against her. She further said, if I would go into the back shop with her she would relate something to me that would induce me not to proceed against her; she entreated Cope in the same manner and said she had something to say to him that would induce me not to proceed against her. The other when we detained Gilson was exceedingly troublesome; she said there was nothing found upon her, and if we would not let her go she would force her way. We locked them both in till the constable came, and then we took them in a coach to the justice's.

Cross Examination.

You did not see her take it? - No.

The whole transaction was very short from the time she came in and you found it on the ground? - Yes.


I came into the shop soon after the prisoners came in; Cope was treating with them for a yard of white persian; they bought a yard of white persian; after that a yard of pink; and they likewise purchased a russel coat. Mr. Cope perceived a piece of white persian seven yards in quantity concealed under part of their clothing.

Did you see it? - No; I saw it afterwards. Mr. Cope suffered them to go into the street, not past the window; they went round the pillar of the door; he followed them and desired them to walk back; at the same time charging them absolutely with stealing a piece of white persian. Ann Gilson came towards the counter, I suppose to put the persian on it; Mr. Arnett was sitting on one side of it which prevented her; when she found she could not put it on the counter she made a step and dropped it on the ground. Mr. Arnett took it up immediately; I saw it drop from a part of her clothes. I am certain it was not there before.

Cross Examination.

Mr. Arnett could see all this? - He saw a part of it.

What is the value of the persian? - Five pounds and upwards.


About four o'clock last monday afternoon the prisoners came to our shop and enquired for some white persian; I shewed them two quantities; I told them they should have a yard of the best for two shillings. When I cut that off, they enquired if I had got any pale pink persian? I told them we had; I shewed them two pink persians, one paler than the other, the palest of which they fixed on; and enquired of me the quantity that would take to line the hood of a cloak. I turned to the farthest woman, Mary Jones , to measure her cloak, which I did; I told them after I had measured it, a yard and a quarter would do. At the time I was looking over the counter I saw the piece of persian standing up under the stays of Gibson; it seemed to me to stand nearly perpendicular to the peak of the stays.

It did not stand on the ground? - No.

She had a long cloak on, you could not see whether she kept it up with her hands or her legs? - Probably both; I cut her off the persian.

You did not see her take it off the counter? - I did not see it till after it was in her possession. I cut her off a piece of persian and missed the largest piece of the white persian off the counter; I was then sure it was a piece of persian she had got in her possession. She then enquired for some quilted coats, which I shewed her; she bought a quilted coat, and gave seventeen shillings and sixpence for it. I put it in a piece of paper and came on the other side of the counter, the side next the door. The coat was put up in paper and tied; and as they were going out of the shop they said they should call the next day and buy a cloak. I went out of the shop; I passed by Mr. Arnett, and told him the women had robbed us. I overtook them very soon after they got off the step of the door; they were never out of my sight. I stopped them and told them they had robbed us of a piece of persian; they said, what! we rob you? Yes said I, you have; you must come back and I will search you; they came back into the shop; I catched hold of Mary Gilson ; she was making to the counter.

Had she a cloak on? - Yes. I said that would not do; and laid hold of her somewhere about the hips; and I immediately heard something drop from her clothes; I then perceived a piece of persian lying on the ground, the same which I had seen her have. Mr. Arnett took it up.

The same you saw her take? - Yes. Because I am sure there were but two pieces on the counter.

Did you see her take it? - I saw it after it was taken lying in this position (describing it) between her legs.

That is what you mean by taking it? - Yes. She then went down on her knees and asked us to let her go.

Cross Examination.

You was on one side of the counter and they on the other? - Yes.

The first thing you observed was this piece of persian resting on the counter? - No. She was then at some distance from the counter. I saw the persian after I had measured the head of the cloak.

Had you any suspicion of them? - I had no suspicion till I saw the persian in her possession.

Why did not you speak about it directly? - I had my doubts about it till I examined and found one of the pieces was gone.

There were but two pieces on the counter it must have struck you directly if one had been gone? - Certainly when I looked.

But you did not say any thing to her till she went out? - I did not.

The prisoners did not say any thing in their defence.

BOTH GUILTY . ( Death .)

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-35
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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112. ELISABETH FRITH was indicted for stealing four silver tea spoons, value 8 s. five silver table spoons, value 3 l. a silver milk pot, value 10 s. a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 3 s. a silver punch ladle, value 12 s. a muslin apron, value 3 s. three pair of cotton stockings. value 3 s. a cotton petticoat, value 5 s. two linen handkerchiefs, value 2 s. and two gauze aprons, value 5 s. the property of Samuel Patman , in his dwelling house , December 12th .

(The prosecutor deposed that the prisoner was his servant; that she came to him with a good character from her last place. That upon missing the goods mentioned in the indictment the prisoner surrendered herself up and acknowledged taking them.)

(The prisoner in court confessed the crime of which she was indicted; and a gentleman present informed the court that her friends were honest people; and the prisoner had prior to this fact supported a good character.)

GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.

Tried by the London Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-36
VerdictNot Guilty

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113, 114. THOMAS COMPTON and RICHARD PHILLIMORE were indicted for stealing on the 21st of December, a peacock, value 20 s. and a pea hen, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Bramley .

(The prosecutor deposed that he lost a peacock and peahen from his premisses on the 21st of December .)

( - Grainger, a dealer in birds in Holbourn, deposed that the prisoner Compton brought a peacock and peahen to his shop, which he offered for sale; that suspecting Compton had obtained the birds dishonestly, he kept them and agreed to meet him in a short time at a certain public house in the neighbourhood, and to bring with him the money for the birds. That he got a constable and went to the public house, where he found the two prisoners drinking together; that they took them into custody, and carried them before a justice of the peace, who commited them.)

(The peacock was produced in court, and was deposed to by the prosecutor.)

(Compton in his defence said the birds were delivered to him to sell by a higler in Newgate Market. He did not call any witness.)

(There being no evidence to affect Phillimore, he was not put on his defence.)


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Lord Chief Baron SKYNNER .

10th January 1781
Reference Numbert17810110-37

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115, 116. JOHN PINKNEY and ELISABETH SAUNDERS were indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury on the 13th of September last; upon the trial of Charles West , William Nash , and James Wilson , who were charged with coining a halfpenny .

( William Trueman produced the copy of the record of the conviction. The short-hand writer read the evidence given by the defendants on the trial of West, Nash, and Wilson as follows:)


"Do you know Wilson's house? - Yes.

"Do you know the kitchen? - Yes.

"Is there any sink in it? - Yes.

"Is there any cupboard or door by that sink? - There is a door shuts in the sink that parts the kitchen and the sink; it is a sort of a closet.

"Have you ever been down in the hole below the kitchen? - I never saw any thing of the like kind; the boards were nailed down.

"When did you see it? - Three or four months ago.

"In May or June? - I cannot say; it was before last term.

"Have you any thing to do with the terms? - No, only I was here attending last term.

"Last session you mean? - Yes.

"Did you know this house in the month of March? - Yes, before that; I knew the house before Mr. Wilson was in it; a relation of mine lived in the house.

"Was there any communication from the sink to this hole? - I never saw any thing like it.

"Have you examined it enough to say there is no communication from this place to the kitchen? - I have.

"There is no communication? - No.

"You swear there was no communication in the month of March? - Yes; and I stand to it.

"I asked you if you had been acquainted with the house before? - Yes; three years.

"Have you examined the house sufficiently to swear to the situation of it in the month of March? - I have, and there was no communication from the sink to the hole that you speak of; I can speak within these three years, there has been no communication.

"Was there any communication from any other part of the kitchen to this place? - I never saw any, I examined it thoroughly; I can say positively there was not.

"Have you been in the hole since? - Yes.

"Which way did you go in? - From the top of the house.

"Jury. Do you call the sink the closet? - Yes.

"There is a communication from this closet to the hole? - No, Mr. Wilson asked me to go down and examine the place, that was about a fortnight before last session; I have lain in the house several nights.

Cross Examination.

"Where do you live? - At No. 7, Aldersgate-buildings.

"When you went to this house you found it in the same situation as it was when you saw it before? - I did not see any difference.

"The wainscoting was not pulled down, nor the cupboards altered at all? - I did not see any difference.

"How came you to examine if there was any communication between the hole and the kitchen? - Mr. Wilson desired me, for he said there was a fellow would swear his life away, and he must be guarded against him, if possible; I know there was an affair happened in that house and I was surprised at it.

"How did you get down into the hole? - From the top of the house, the top story.

"Three pair of stairs? - I believe there is two pair of stairs besides the garrets, because I plaistered the garrets I went through.

"This passage was from the garrets down to the hole? - Yes.

"How deep was it? - About twenty-seven, or between twenty and thirty foot.

"This hole did not exist then, nor upon

your oath never did exist? - I do not know that it ever did exist; there never was a hole made in the sink to appearance.

"Nor under the sink? - No.

"Jury. Whether you saw that hole in the month of March? - I did not.


"Do you know Wilson's house? - Yes. I have lived in it about a year and an half.

"Is there any communication, or was there during any part of that time, from the sink to the hole under ground? - There was not; I have been to the sink and got coals, I never saw any thing of the kind.

"Were you ever down in the hole? - Never.

"Have you examined the kitchen sufficiently to take upon yourself to swear there is no communication, either from the kitchen or the sink to the hole? - I have.

"Will you say there was none? - I will; during the year and an half I was there there was none; I have seen Wilson chopping wood, I never saw him do any thing else.

Cross Examination.

"What are you? - I live in Mr. Wilson's house now, and have for a year and an half.

"Have you ever seen this passage from the garret to the work-shop? - No, I never saw it.

"You never heard of it? - Never till now.

"You never heard Wilson talk of it? - Never.

"You never heard him talk of the hole under the sink? - Never.

"How came you to examine this so minutely if you never heard any thing about it? - Mr. Wilson gave me leave to go there for coals; I never saw any thing of the kind.

"You swear there is no such thing? - I never saw it; I must have seen it if it had been there.

"How many floors are there in the house? - I do not know, I have never been over all the rooms; I lived in the one-pair-of stairs; it goes to the next house to go up into the other rooms.

"You have heard talk of this hole? - Yes.

"Which was the way to it? - I never saw it; I do not know; I live forwards.

"Who lodged in the house besides you, did not one Mrs. Dickins? - No; one Browne lodged there.

"Lovejoy did not live the re? - No.

"You never saw this way to the place? - I never did.

"When the man was taken in the house was you there? - No, I was not at home; I work out; there were some people there when I came home.

"They had pulled something down I believe? - Yes, the wainscot by the sink.

"Did not you look under the sink to see the way to the hole? - I was not in the room five minutes.

"Did your curiosity never lead you to examine it? - No.

"Where do you dress your victuals as you have the use of the kitchen? - I do not use it now; my sister was very much frightened.

"Who is she? - Mary Saunders , she lives in the house with me.

"Court. When you came home and saw the wainscot pulled down did not you look at it? - Yes.

"Upon your oath was there then any communication there to the hole? - No.

"Was you subpoenaed to come here? - No; I was desired to come here to speak the truth that there was no hole there.

"How came you to tell that gentleman that you never heard it said whether there was or not till you came into the court? - I must hear of it being in the house."


You I believe went from Bow-street in the month of March to Wilson's house? - I did; when I went first there I was taking care of the back part of the house in Clerkenwell-close; I was outside. A man who went by the name of Nash jumped out of the back parlour window into the yard; he was taken into custody, and I got in at the window he came out of; after he was in custody the other officers who were in the front of the house entered the house; I knew nothing of

what they were doing, till I came forward; we searched some time but did not find any thing. Our information was so exact and strong that we knew coining must be carried on somewhere in and about the house. In a short time after that, a man whose name was West was found in the kitchen, but I was not present when he was first seen there; I saw him afterwards in the kitchen with one of his shoulders all over white; a little time after that, being satisfied he must have come from some concealed place, Prothero and I went up stairs; I saw Prothero pull up a board in a little room; the whole house is but one floor; it opened like a well into a closet. I immediately went down by a rope, and there were little pieces of wood nailed upon the wainscotting in order to make steps. Where I got down to the bottom I saw a complete apparatus for coining; the closet appeared to me to come into the kitchen where I had seen West. When I got down to a level with the kitchen, there was a square hole cut out of the floor, and that led to a hole which was dug in the ground. In that hole all the apparatus for coining was found; the passage I went down had been a closet in the kitchen, but it was nailed up and did not appear like a closet, but as wainscotting; there was no appearance in the kitchen of any communication. I then came up stairs again.

Did you after that find out any other communication with the hole besides that from the one pair of stairs room? - Yes; the hole the presses came out was on a level with the kitchen; the presses were drawn from the places where they were fixed, and lifted up, and taken in at the hole of the kitchen; from the earth at the bottom of this hole, where the presses were fixed, it went up perpendicular to the first floor, but there was a hole by the side of the sink, through which the presses were taken out.

Describe that second hole? - It was made larger for the presses to be drawn up through it; when I first saw it, it was big enough for any person to come out of.

Did you see it before any of the presses were drawn through? - I did; it was then large enough for a man to go down.

The presses are a very great weight and large? - Yes; they weigh half a ton.

This hole was by the sink, was it under the sink? - By the side, or under, I will not say which; I think the hole came from underneath the sink but I cannot be positive.

Cross Examination.

I understand you to say that you had such an information that you had no doubt of coining being carried on here? - None at all.

Did your information extend to tell you what they were coining? - Yes; it did.

Then you must know that this coining business could not be carried on without some large machines? - We know that well.

Then consequently wherever these machines were, they must take up a pretty considerable space to work, including room for the workmen? - That depends upon the size of the fly.

Who were the officers that went in at the front of the house? - Prothero was one; I believe Lebar was at the back with me.

Do you recollect who you found in the kitchen? - I do not.

I forget whether you said West was or not in the kitchen when you came in? - I am very sure he was not.

Do you recollect whether there was one door or two in this kitchen? - There were many doors and trap doors I really cannot tell how many.

Do you recollect in the kitchen there is a door on the right hand that goes into a bedroom? - I believe there is.

Beyond that door there is a pantry? - I don't know that.

Then you come to the closet? - Where there had been a closet which was made up with wainscotting.

Beyond this closet was the sink? - Yes.

That ranged with the closet likewise? - I think it joined it.

To that sink there is a door? - I do not recollect.

What may be the height of the sink from the ground? - I suppose pretty near three feet.

Then the hole in question was under the sink as you think or by its side? - I think underneath.

The hole you are speaking of, if it was underneath, it could not be higher than the sink. - I should think not.

Was it stopped up with a fixed wainscot or moving wainscot or a door? - I did not take particular notice of that.

Do you recollect whether that hole was in a position to have completed the partition between the hole where the machines were and the sink or not; you said you did not see it at first, but it was made larger? - I saw it in the same state before the presses were taken up.

Where was you then, in the hole below or up stairs in the kitchen? - I came down stairs; I saw it first when I was in the kitchen.

How did you find that out, was it not by a knocking, by agreement some of the people were to knock that you might find out the place? - It was.

You did not find this place out? - After they had knocked I came down stairs and one of the officers said here is the place West came out at. I was up stairs when the knocking was.

This discovery of the hole was not made till you had been down the hole from above stairs? - No, it was not.

In order to take up the presses there was a great quantity of wainscoting removed? - There was.

One of the other officer's found the loose boards and you went down, how long had you been in the house before you made that discovery? - I suppose twenty minutes or half an hour.

One of your fellow officers swore upon the former trial that you had searched for the space of two hours, I believe, and could not find any implements for coining? - I do not think we were two hours searching, we were in the house three hours, but not searching so long for the place.

Court. All this was, I understand, concealed to the eye? - Yes, it was. I was there with Mr. Vernon the day after we brought the things away; it was then as we left it.

Do you remember seeing a pail and a quantity of coals under the sink? - I do not. I always make it a rule to go out of court when a trial comes on in which I am to be called as a witness, whether I am ordered so to do or not, therefore I cannot tell what any other person said.


You are one of the officers who went to Wilson's house? - I did.

Did you examine the kitchen when you first came in? - Yes, I was the first person who entered the kitchen.

When did you see West? - I had been in the kitchen I believe five minutes before I saw him.

Where did you see him? - In the kitchen.

Was not you surprised at that? - I was.

Which way did he come into the kitchen? - Under the sink.

Describe the place from which he came? - When I went into the kitchen there was no person in the kitchen; I looked all round the room; I looked under the dresser where there were some coppers. I opened a drawer in the dresser in the kitchen, I there found some things which led me to be very certain coining was carried on there. Mrs. Wilson was in the kitchen. I spoke to her. I was coming out of the kitchen; I met another of the officers, Labar. He said we have catched a man who jumped out of the window. In a minute or less after that I was going to tell him what I had found in the drawer; I turned round, and West was behind my back. I said

"Good God, where are you come from, out of the earth?" Said he, I was sitting by the fire. I replied,

"it is impossible a cat should be there without my seeing it, for I have searched every place." I examined round the room to see if there was any door, at which

he could come in. I could not find any door to come into that room, besides the door I stood at myself, except one, and that was nailed up fast. We secured him, and after searching some time, we found behind the wainscoting, in a back place behind the kitchen, a private still at work, which was in a room behind the kitchen, where the door was fastened. After being there sometime, I went up into the one-pair-of-stairs room. I talked to some women who were there. One woman was washing. I went into a little room, and in the middle of the room I saw a crack between two boards which were greasy; I thought a board might be taken up by a knife. I took out my cutlass and ran it between the two boards and lifted them up. Mr. Clark went down first; I followed him. There were steps to go down, and two ropes to lay hold of. When we came even with the kitchen there was an hole cut in the ground which went a little side-ways where the presses were fixed; then I desired some of the officers to go into the kitchen, where I secured West, and I would knock below, that they might give me an answer, that we might find out the communication at which West had come out. I went down and knocked with an hammer, and they halloo'd out. I then, directed by the voice, came to the kitchen floor. I desired them to knock again. One of them knocked; and then I found the hole West came out of. I believe one of the officers came out through the hole directly, for there were coals under the sink, and I did not choose to dirty my clothes. I then went up into the one-pair-of-stairs room and came down into the kitchen. I took a pick-axe, and pulled down the wainscoting. When I had pulled down the wainscoting I perceived how he had come out. The sink was on the left-hand side of the wainscot where the hole was made to go down; and at the bottom of the sink, underneath the sink, there was a hole that led into the hole where the coining tools were.

Was the hole under the sink visible? - Not till the place was opened; it was only at that time that I knew of it; it was impossible to see it.

Was the place always open? - There was a peck and a half, or half a bushel, of coals under the sink, it was a sink where they washed dishes and such things.

Court. Was the hole concealed with any thing? - There was a moveable slap.

When it was shut then you could not see that there was a way down? - Not without searching for it.

But when it was open there was an hole to go down? - Yes.

Was that hole big enough for a man to go down? - Yes. Big enough for me; and I am as big as most men.

There were coals there? - Yes, for the use of the family.

Was there an hole in the kitchen as well as upon a level with the kitchen? - Yes.

Could a person live in the kitchen without seeing this? - They might without seeing it; but when I pulled the wainscot down a person could not go into the kitchen without seeing it.


You were in the kitchen when West made his appearance? - Prothero's back was towards me; he was telling me what he had found in the drawers. We were standing at the kitchen door in Wilson's house; I saw West come out of the closet; he came up towards Prothero; Prothero turned about and said,

"Good God, where could you come from?" He said he had been sitting at the the fire. Prothero said that was impossible.

This place then was inside a closet? - Yes, it was. The sink was in the closet.

Had you looked in the closet before you saw West come out of it? - I had, and there was not a person there that I could see; I saw the door move and saw him come out. I had before looked in the closet and had shut the door.

You was examined before upon the trial? - Yes.

Did you give an account of the communication? - I did.

Did Prothero? - Yes.

And Clark? - He did.

JOHN VERNON , Esq. sworn.

You are solicitor of the Mint? - I am.

When you heard this complaint you went

to Wilson's house with the officers? - The officers went into this house on the 29th of March. On the 7th of April the persons taken in the house were brought to Sir John Fielding's office for examination; it was my duty to attend upon that occasion, and the same account was given substantially as now. After the examination was over, they laid it was a curious contrivance to conceal the coining. I went with Clark and Prothero to look at this place. I there found it to be as it had been and is now described and that there was a cummunication just as it has been described. Take all the house together with the sliding wainscot and barricadoes, it was very curious.


You I believe was foreman of the jury which tried Wilson, Nash, and Newton for coining? - I was.

You have heard the evidence Clark, Prothero, and Labar have given to-day about this hole? - I have.

Is it the same as they gave before you then as a juryman? - Literally the same.

Do you remember the two defendants swearing there was no communication from the kitchen to the hole under ground? - Two or three of us went to view this place; it is as the witnesses have now represented it; they went down from the one-pair-of-stairs room behind the wainscot into about two feet below the level of the kitchen floor; the place in which they carried on the business of coining was not above four feet high; a man could not stand upright in it. They went along an aqueduct dug out of the ground. When they came to the level of the floor, into this place where the business was carried on, there was clearly a communication from out of this passage into the kitchen, but notwithstanding there had been I apprehend something of a moving door of communication, but that might be fastened when the officers were there, and no one might know how to open it but those more immediately concerned; but there was a door I am as clear as that I am here a living man. I was exceedingly particular in my observations whether there had been any nailing, for there were ledges there; I could not find out any nailing at all. I am firmly of opinion there had been a communication under the sink. It was like a closet with folding-doors. There was a partition between one part fastened up, the other part open with the sink; the sink stood about two feet three or six inches high; and the communication from under that sink was from under the right-hand side into the kitchen.

Do you think, that after having been told all the story you have heard, any person, going there with a view of seeing whether there was a communication or no, could possibly miss this, going for the purpose of observing it? - By no means.


You was likewise upon the jury? - Yes.

You have heard what the witnsseess have sworn? - Yes, I have.

Did they swear the same before you? - Yes.

You have, with Mr. Gregory, examined this hole? - I have.

Do you believe there was a door there of communication from under the sink? - I believe so. I believe the design of it was that in case any person should be in the kitchen who was not acquainted with coining carrying on there, they might go up stairs, and when they did not choose to go that way, they went through this passage.

(The defendants said they left there defence to their counsel).

For the Defendants.


What are you? - A surveyor.

Do you recollect, about the 16th of September, examining the kitchen of this house of Willson's? - Yes.

Did you examine the closet where the sink was? - I did.

Did you examine, or gone into the hole, where the coining business had been carried on? - I looked in, I did not go down; that was not under the sink, it was in the closet adjoining; there is a partition between the closet, or beaufet, and the closet were the sink was. I saw, up stairs, that one of the joists and the flooring was cut away; I looked up and down, and saw there had been a communication made from above, to the level with the kitchen floor, and there was no hole under the sink, but in the closet adjoining

the sink; if there is any under the sink it is more than I know of.

Did you examine under the sink? - I think, to the best of my recollection, there was no hole in the closet where the sink was.

Did you go into the closet where the sink was? - I don't think there was room to go in; I stood by the door. I have here a copy of my survey. (The witness reads.)

"My opinion is, there never was a way into the said cellar through the adjoining closet where the old sink is."

Did you examine the sink? - I stood close by the sink.

Did you go into the closet adjoining to the sink? - The hole was as big as the closet pretty near; there was no room for a person to stand inside

"and further it appears to me that part of the old partition between said closet and beaufet has been forcibly broken away and that there was never any hatch door whatsoever under the said sink."

Did you stand in such a position as to be able to examine whether there was or not? - I examined the adjoining closet more p articularly.

Did you examine where the sink was? - I looked in and poked my stick into it; if there was a hole under the sink I do not think any man could get down between the bottom of the sink and the floor.

Why did not you examine it with your hands? - There was not room for any person to go there.

Cross Examination.

You did not go down this hole? - I only looked down it.

How high was the sink from the floor? - About fourteen inches from the bottom.

Mr. Gregory. I was down in the place and examined it very particularly; the sink was two feet three inches high.


What are you? - A carpenter.

Have you examined under the sink in the closet of the house? - I never saw the place till yesterday.

What is your judgement with respect to a communication? - I cannot see any impression or likelihood that there was a door there; the board has been broken off in one place.


I am a smith and deal in coals.

Do you know this place under the sink? - I used to put a sack of coals there at a time.

How long were you used to put coals there? - For nine or ten months before Wilson was taken up; I never put them any where else.

Do you know Pinkney? - Yes; he is my neighbour.

What is his character? - He always bore a good character for whatever I heard of him.

Do you know Mrs. Sanders? - Yes; I served her with coals and her sister.

How long have you known her? - During the time she lodged there she always bore a good character.


I was put in possession of that house by the landlord; I was there four days.

Do you remember the hole under the sink? - Yes; what coals they had to burn there were under the sink. I was put in possession the very same evening Sir John Fielding 's officers were there.

Do you remember the hole under the sink? - Yes.

Was the wainscotting taken down there? - It was.

Was there any door there? - None to my knowledge; and there was no appearance of any door.

Did you see any broken board that would sit it? - There were broken boards that I burnt because I had not coals enough.

Where did they come from? - I believe from the partition of the sink, where it was broke down.

Cross Examination.

When these coals were burnt where did you get more? - I found some in a hamper, in a little room backwards and took them.


I have known Pinkney twelve months. He has borne a very good character. I have known Mrs. Saunders by sight twelve months; I never heard any thing amiss of her character.

Cross Examination.

You was a witness upon the trial for coining? - Yes; for Nash.


I have known Pinkney about fourteen years; he bears a very good character; he has worked for me at different times. I never heard any thing disrespectful of him.


I have known Mrs. Saunders about a year and a half; she works for me.

Court. Were these prisoners confronted together at the trial.

Attorney for the prisoners. They were confronted together after they had given their evidence.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Edwards, Steward Montague, Benjamin Kinder, Thomas Cox, Samuel Baker, William Newton, Abraham Darnford, Mary Gardiner, Joseph " Carter.
10th January 1781
Reference Numbero17810110-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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There was an Error in a few Copies of the last Number of the Sessions Paper, Page 50. in the Account of the Convicts, executed on the 22d of November. It should be read thus.

" William Edwards , Steward Montague , Benjamin Kinder , Thomas Cox , Samuel Baker , William Newton , Abraham Darnford , Mary Gardiner , and Joseph " Carter , were executed, &c."

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
10th January 1781
Reference Numbers17810110-1

Related Material

The TRIALS being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgement as followeth:

Received sentence of Death, thirteen.

Charles Sheppard , James Smith , Abraham Dry , John Larby , William Dobey , John Henley , Ann Smith , alias Fidler, Elizabeth Thompson alias Clackson, Joseph Maple , Thomas Maple , Ann Gilson , Mary Jones , Ann Martin alias Harris alias Lansdale alias Jones.

Navigation one year.

Simon Solomons , Thomas Hylett , Samuel Barber .

Navigation two years.

William Mathews , Hugh Hughes .

Navigation three years.

Arthur Lyon , Samuel Lane .

Fined one shilling and imprisoned one year, one.

Sarah Withers .

Imprisoned three years, two.

John Pinkney , Elisabeth Saunders .

Imprisoned six months, four.

Elisabeth Frith , Jacob Daniel , John Dowell , Ann Moore .


Mary Cartwright , Charles Sparks , Thomas Hodges .

Fined one shilling.

John Jenkins .

Whipped and imprisoned six months.

Elisabeth Jones .

Whipped and imprisoned one year.

Esther Lamb .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
10th January 1781
Reference Numbera17810110-1

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BRACHYGRAPHY; Or, An easy and compendious SYSTEM of SHORT-HAND, DEDICATED (with Permission) to the KING, The NINTH EDITION, considerably improved according to the present Method By JOSEPH GURNEY , (WRITER OF THESE PROCEEDINGS)

Sold (Price Half a Guinea) by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, Temple-bar.

The Book is a sufficient Instructor of itself, but if any Difficulties occur they shall be removed upon Application to the Author (either personally, or by Letter) without any additional Expence.

*** Trials at Law, and Arguments of Counsel are taken in Short-Hand, by J. GURNEY.

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