Old Bailey Proceedings, 6th December 1780.
Reference Number: 17801206
Reference Number: f17801206-1

THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the Country of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 6th of December, 1780, and the following Days;

Being the FIRST SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble. Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.

TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY JOSEPH GURNEY , And Published by Authority.



Printed for JOSEPH GURNEY (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar.



KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WATKIN LEWES , Knt. LORD MAYOR of the City of London; The Hon. Sir BEAUMONT HOTHAM , Knt. and The Honourable Sir RICHARD PERRYN , Knt. two of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; JAMES ADAIR , Serjeant at Law, Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justice of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Eleazar Chater

John Wooton

Thomas King

Thomas Fletcher

William Portal

Robert Vaughanbrooks

John Elliott

William Brandon

Robert Gall

Benjamin Crabb

Lloyd Beale

William Hughes

First Middlesex Jury.

Dodd Cock

George Herbst

John Short

John Hawkins

Matthew Griffiths

John Campion

Giles Matthews

James Dowler

Richard Dyer

John Brown

Joseph Parry

William Buckland

Second Middlesex Jury.

James Brownley

William Lepard

William Bowers

William Tongue

James Leach

Joseph Earle

Charles Douglas

Joseph Paybody

Robert Vincent

Thomas Holmes

John Brown

Roe Rotheram

Reference Number: t17801206-1

1, 2. ROBERT HAMBLEN and HAYES GILES were indicted for that they, on the 18th of September , in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, in and upon John Norton , Esq . feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a gold watch, value 10 l. 10 s. a cornelian seal set in gold, value 20 s. a gold watch chain, value 5 s. a metal watch key, value 6 d. a man's hat, value 10 s. a cane, value 5 s. and a guinea, two half-guineas,

and four shillings and sixpence in monies, numbered, the property of the said John .

(The counsel for the prosecution informed the court that they had not any evidence to affect the prisoners.)


Reference Number: t17801206-2

3. MICHAEL DANIEL was indicted for that he, on the 14th of November , in the king's highway, in and upon John Lane , Esq . feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silk purse, value 6 d. and two guineas in monies, numbered, the property of the said John .

JOHN LANE , Esq. sworn.

I live at Hillingdon, near Uxbridge. I was coming in a post chaise from my house to London, on Tuesday the 14th of November, between one and two o'clock in the afternoon; I had a servant behind the chaise. Between the two and three mile-stones at Shepherd's-Bush , the prisoner came up on horseback, stopped the chaise, presented a pistol, and demanded my money.

Was he alone? - I believe so. The words he made use of were, come sir, your money, presently. I immediately put my hand into my pocket. Before I could let the glass down, the door of the chaise was opened. The prisoner took my money from me, and the door was shut again.

Did he say any thing else to you? - No. When the door was shut again, I came on.

Did he take the money out of your hand or your pocket? - He took my purse with two guineas in it out of my hand.

When the door was opened did he put the pistol into the chaise? - I did not see the pistol then, but I saw it presented to me when he demanded my money.

Did you see any person on the road during the time the robbery was committing? - I did not see any immediately, but I alarmed every person I met with on the road. I saw people in a minute or two after the robbery, both on foot and horseback.

How long did he stay with you? - A very few minutes.

Did he meet or overtake the chaise? - He met it, and called to the postillion to stop, then he turned about and came up to the chaise door.

How was he dressed? - In such a great coat as I have on [a lightish colour].

Had he any disguise over his face? - None. I am very clear as to his person.

Did you make any observations of the colour of his horse? - I did not.

Was he long enough with you and did you take so much notice of his person as to be able positively to swear to the man? - I have no doubt in the world about his being the man. I was robbed on the Tuesday; I saw him in custody on the next Thursday, and I was then as I am now, very clear that he was the man who robbed me.

TOBIAS PLEASANT (a negro) sworn.

I am servant to Mr. Lane, I have lived with him thirty-two years last November. I was behind his carriage when my master was robbed.

Where did it happen, and about what time? - As near as I can possibly guess, it was pretty near two o'clock; it was at Shepherd's-Bush the man came up.

Who came up? - That very man, the prisoner at the bar, came up upon a bay mare: he bid the post chaise boy stop; the boy would not stop. At last the prisoner waved his pistol over his head, and made him stop. Then he came up to the chaise door and was going to break the window. I said honest man, don't commit a rash action, my master will give you his money. Then the prisoner put his pistol into his left hand, and opened the door of the carriage with his right hand; and I saw my master give him his purse.

Could you see that when you was behind the carriage? - Yes, I leaned forward and saw it.

Did you hear him say any thing to your master? - Yes, he said, Your money, your money, your money! When my master gave the prisoner his purse, he laid it across his thigh, and looked at it, he said, here is no money. My master said there is money. My master offered him his watch. My master told him it was a pinchbeck watch. The prisoner would not take it; he then turned round to me, I had a French-horn

under my coat, I suppose the prisoner thought it was fire-arms, for he presented his pistol towards me, for I suppose the space of three minutes, as he went off from me; he went off in a footpace for two or three hundred yards, then I lost sight of him.

Did he keep his eye upon you all the time? - He looked every way, but chiefly upon me, because he was afraid, as I imagined, that I had fire-arms.

How was he dressed? - In a light coloured loose great coat, such as my master has now on.

Had he any thing on his face? - No.

Did you observe him enough to be able to swear to him? - I did.

Are you sure he is the man? - Positively sure. When my master came to town he sent me with a letter to Sir John Fielding's office. I saw Mr. Bond at the office, he read the letter, he said, your bird is in the net; he bid me go to the Rotation-office in Litchfield-street. I begged he would send somebody with me; he sent three men with me. As we were going to the Rotation-office, one of them bid me go into the office and if I saw the person who had robbed my master, to come to him and tell him of it, but not to say any thing there. I went into the office; I saw the prisoner directly, I did not say a word to any body, but came out and told the person who waited for me that the man was there who had robbed my master.

How long was this after the robbery? - This was before four o'clock on the same day.

Are you certain the prisoner is the man? - Upon my oath he is. I am very sorry to say it; life is sweet, I wish I could save him, but I must speak the truth.

From the Prisoner. How was I dressed? - In a flapped hat, and in a surtout coat which hung down to your heels.

Prisoner. Had I this coat and waistcoat on? - I cannot swear to the under clothes, the great coat covered them; but, my Lord, I swear positively to his face.

To Mr. Lane. Whether you recollect the circumstance of the man's laying the purse across his thigh, and saying there was no money? - When he took the purse he said here is nothing in it, I said, it is all the money I have. I said, I have an old metal watch, you may have it if you please. He made no reply to that, but the chaise door was shut.


On Tuesday the 14th of November, as I was riding from London to Gunnersbury, I met a gentleman's chaise with a black servant behind it, between the Gravel-pits and Shepherd's-Bush, the servant waved his hand to me and said, a highwayman. I passed on, going very fast to Shepherd's-Bush. Then I saw a chaise turn out of the Action road for Hammersmith, and I observed a man riding across the green, which gentlemen frequently do, instead of going round, he gallopped pretty fast across the green, and jumped over the ditch upon the causeway about ten yards before a chaise, then he turned short and stopped that chaise. This was within two or three minutes after the black servant had called out to me; he was on the opposite side of the chaise from me when he stopped it; he did not stay with the chaise more than two minutes; after he left that chaise, he walked his horse on into the Action road, I thought to meet me; began to gallop. When he saw me put n horse into a gallop, he turned about again and leaped over the ditch upon the green as if he was going to the Gravelpits again; then he rode back again to the causeway and followed the chaise towards Hammersmith. I had a very good horse. Just at that instant came up Mr. Hurd, who lives in Oxford-road; I said, that man has robbed a chaise, we will pursue him. He said he would. I rode as fast as I could; I passed the chaise which I had seen him stop. I asked the servant as I rode by, had not that man robbed the chaise? He said yes. I pursued the man as fast as I could; I rode down Brook-green, at the back side of Hammersmith. I saw him at the bottom. He turned away for Hammersmith, and I after him as hard as I could.

Did he see that you was pursuing him? - He certainly did. I met several gentlemen in the road; I said,

"that man is a highwayman, will you help me to pursue him"? but I got no assistance. I pursued him through Hammersmith. Instead of going the great

road through Hammersmith, he took the left hand towards the water-side. He rode down to the water; he could go no farther there; I followed him down to the water-side; I had no assistance; the place was very narrow; he turned about upon me, supposing he had fire-arms, I turned my horse about and rode back; he came after me. I thought to keep before him till he got into the broad-way at Hammersmith, as I expected I should get assistance there. There is a very narrow lane near the water-side, he went up that lane; I turned about and went after him again up the lane; I followed him pretty close. Before he got through that lane into the great road, some people stopped him, and took him off his horse. They found upon him a pistol, a powder horn, and some balls. They did not search him any further at that time.

How was he dressed? - In a light surtout coat; and he rode a bay mare, about fourteen hands high.

How long do you imagine it was after you passed the chaise with the black behind it before you took the man? - From the time I met that chaise, I do not think it could be more than twenty-five minutes. I saw him in less than two minutes after I passed the prosecutor's chaise. I believe I pursued him for about three miles, and I never lost fight of him but when he turned a sharp corner, and then in half a minute's time I saw him again.

Is the prisoner the man you pursued and took? - He is.

From the Prisoner. Whether I presented any pistol to the gentleman? - I did not see him draw his pistol at all. I saw it afterwards taken out of his great coat pocket.


I keep the Queen's-Arms, at Hammersmith. On the 14th of November I saw the prisoner pursued by my door, by Mr. Powell, between the hours of one and two; I was at my door as the highwayman came by me; I thought he rode in a furious manner over the stones. Mr. Powell came up directly upon the back of the prisoner. Mr. Powell said,

"that is a highwayman; I have just seen him rob two gentlemen in a chaise." I said, you are well mounted, sir, you may overtake him. I saw the man take towards the water; I thought he would make a double and come round Angel-lane. I went to Angel-lane, there I met the prisoner, as he was coming from the water. The lane is very narrow. When he came near me, I drew a little out as if to let him pass; then I snatched his bridle and stopped his horse.

How soon was this after you first saw him pass by. I suppose not ten minutes. Mr. Powell came up almost the instant I had stopped him. There came two other men up immediately to my assistance. When I seised his bridle he made an attempt at his great coat pocket; I catched at his pocket and felt a pistol in it; I took this pistol out of his pocket (producing a small screw-barrel pistol). I searched him further, and found a little bag with balls and a powder-horn upon him (they were likewise produced in court). We took him to Justice Miller's; Mr. Miller was ill; he directed us to take the prisoner to the Rotation-office, in Litchfield-street.

What sort of horse was he mounted on? - A bay mare with a switch tail, about fourteen hands high, almost blind.

Prisoner. How was I dressed? - In a flapped round hat, a light coloured great coat, and a light coloured riding dress or jacket. As we were going along, he asked to put his gloves in his pocket, as he was in a great sweat. The beadle of the parish had hold of him on one side, I had hold of his collar. I bid the beadle let his hands go; the prisoner put his gloves into his pocket, and I observed he put his hand into his waistcoat pocket; he brought his hand out of his pocket clinched; I said, what have you got there? I took hold of his hand, and upon opening it, I found this purse with two guineas in it (producing it).

To Mr. Lane. Do you recollect what sort of pistol was presented to you? - This seems to be the same sort of pistol. This is the purse the prisoner robbed me of; it is a very remarkable one, it was a present from a lady; there are two guineas in it, the same I believe that were in it when I was robbed.


I am the beadle of Hammersmith. Mr. Day came up to me between one and two o'clock, and said there was a highwayman gone by, and if I would go to Angel-lane I should meet him. I went there as quick as I could; Mr. Day and Mr. Brooks overtook me. When we had got about half way down the lane. We met the prisoner coming on horseback; as he was passing by, Mr. Day catched hold of the prisoner's horse, and pulled him round; I catched hold of his arm on the other side, and pulled his cuff off. The prisoner was going to strike at some of us. We searched him and found upon him a pistol, some balls, and a powder-horn.

( William Brooks deposed to the same effect).


I never saw the gentleman who has been robbed, nor his servant till I saw them in Litchfield-street office.

(The prisoner called a witness with whom he had lived in the capacity of an ostler, who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. BARON HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-3

4. JOHN PRICE was indicted for stealing a silver box, value 2 s. two groat pieces, and twenty-three medals, value 23 s. the property of Thomas Summers Cocks , Esq. September 1st .


I lost a silver box and a variety of copper and silver coins, from a drawer in my house in Downing-street, Westminster . The prisoner was my servant . I had about a month ago a message from the office in Bow-street, that a person had offered to sell some silver coins, which he said he had taken from me. I went the next day and saw the boy (the prisoner) there, and the box and some of the coins, which he said he had taken from me.


I keep a hardware shop in the Strand. About seven months ago the prisoner came to me and said, I have some pocket pieces to sell. I said, let me see them, are you sure they are your own property? He said yes, my grandmother left them to me, I have a sore eye, and so may as well sell them. I bought two ounces of him; I gave him twelve shillings. After that I had a hand-bill given me, that Lord Aylesbury had lost two thousand pound's worth. I went to Lord Aylesbury's and showed them to his Lordship; he said he believed they were some he had lost, and desired me if the person came again, to stop him. On the 1st of September the prisoner came to me again and brought these twenty-three pocket pieces. I said they are very curious pocket pieces, are you sure they are your own property? He said yes; I said, I was afraid he had stolen them, as I had received a hand-bill that a great lord had lost two thousand pounds worth, and I must take him into custody. I took him to Bow-street, and searched him, and found this silver box, and seven more pocket-pieces in his pocket. They have been in my possession ever since. (The silver box was produced in court.)

Mr. Cocks. This is my box, but I cannot swear to the pocket-pieces. I had some of the same kind.

Moses. The justice said I must go to Lord Aylesbury. I went; his Lordship was in Ireland. The prisoner was put into the round-house. The next day he voluntarily confessed he lived with Mr. Cocks, the banker, at Charing-cross, and that he had taken them from him.

In consequence of this information Mr. Cocks was sent to, and came to the office.

On his cross examination he said that both he and the Justice's Clerk told him it would be better for him to tell the truth, and then he made the confession.

The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence; but called Henry Parry , Robert Lloyd , Catherine Williams , Jane Davis , and David Roberts , who all gave him a good character.

GUILTY of stealing the silver box . Imp. two years .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-4

5. THOMAS ANDREWS was indicted for stealing two pounds of tea, value 8 s. a pound of coffee, value, 2 s. twelve ounces of raisins, value 3 d. two printed books bound in leather, value 12 s. and a penknife, value 6 d. the property of Benjamin Noton , Samuel Noton , and John Ewer , November 18th .


I am a grocer , and am in partnership with my father, Samuel Noton , and John Ewer . On Friday evening, I believe the 17th of November, I perceived some tea in a paper bag, concealed in the staircase in the back yard, leading to some warehouses. On Saturday evening about eight o'clock, I again saw it there; between ten and eleven o'clock I went there again and it was gone. At eleven o'clock we paid our men their wages; after we had paid them we shut the doors, and had them searched. The same package and the same tea, to the best of my belief, was found on the prisoner, and some raisins. I cannot swear to them; there was about two ounces and a half of tea, which is of the value of one shilling. We got a constable and searched his lodging and found some coffee, and some books of small value, and a penknife; the penknife and one of the books were mine; the other book was my brother's.

Were they your own separate property, and the other your brother's separate property, and did not belong to the partnership - They were our separate property.

How long has the prisoner lived with you? - Upwards of five years I believe.

Cross Examination.

You had a good character with him? - A very good character.

You do not swear to the tea? - It is not possible.

What is the book? - A printed book of accounts of the clerks.

(The prisoner was not put on his defence.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-5

6. JANE SMITH was indicted for stealing a guinea and two half-crown pieces , the property of John Steward , November the 8th


My husband's name is John Steward . My pocket was picked of two half crowns and a guinea on the 8th of November. I know I had the money in my pocket, about a quarter of an hour before I missed it. I was standing opposite the Mansion-house , waiting to cross the way; the prisoner stood by me, and there I lost my money.


On Wednesday, between twelve and one o'clock, as I was coming from the cornmarket, I saw a crowd standing opposite the Mansion-house; when I had got through the crowd, I had the curiosity to stop a little to see what was the occasion of it. Mrs. Steward was standing against the second door from the end of a court almost facing the Mansion-house, there was no person near her but two little boys, one I understand is her son. She was out of the crowd within about a door of Mildred-street; I observed the prisoner go and look round the people's pockets as they were standing. Where Mrs. Steward was, the people were standing upon the kirb-stone, and the prisoner was standing behind them, with another little woman; I saw her come up to the prosecutrix and the other woman with her; she came close to her, and I could see her working into the pocket, the other woman stood up to her to support her, and if an hackney-coach had not come by, I should have taken her with her hand in the prosecutor's pocket, but the coach went by and she got off. As soon as opportunity would permit, I came over to the prosecutrix, and said, feel if your pocket is not picked.

You was on the opposite side of the way? - Exactly; there was no person to obstruct my fight; I did not see any thing taken, but it was very clear to me what she was doing.

Did you see enough to be sure whether she put her hand into the prosecutrix's pocket or not? - I am certain she had her hand in her pocket; I saw her put it under her apron; I could not see it in her pocket. I

went over and asked the prosecutrix if her pocket was picked? She was frightened and did not know how to answer me; I thought she would have dropped; she recovered herself, and felt in her pocket, and said, she had lost her money. I described the prisoner, and the prosecutrix's boy went after her up Cheapside, and brought her back.

Did you know the woman again? - Yes, I have known her by sight many years.

Was she examined? - I believe she was, but I believe there was nothing found upon her.

Prisoner. Why did not you attack me at the time? - The coach came by and she was off in a moment.

To Steward. Did you ever recover the money or find it again? - No.

Was your pocket cut off or the money picked out of it? - The money was picked out, it was loose in my pocket.


I saw nothing of the prisoner, only I stood by the side of my mother. This gentleman came over and gave a description of the woman. I did not see her near my mother.


I am innocent of what I am accused with, and I leave it to the honourable court.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-6

7. FRANCIS MAPPE was indicted for stealing two ingots of tin 27 lb. wt. value 10 s. the property of William Kinman , Thomas Kinman , and Francis Kinman , Nov. 9th .


I am in the foundery business , in partnership with William and Thomas Kinman . The prisoner was our carter . We had information he had frequent meetings with a person on Westminster-bridge, who received tin of him, that led us to watch him. I saw him take an ingot of tin out of the yard, about a quarter after four o'clock in the morning. I sat up to watch him. That was I think on the 24th of October. We have two shops, one at Lambeth; the cart is kept there; he goes to fetch the cart. He was ordered to get up at this time of the morning.

How did he get the ingot? - It lay open in the warehouse; I saw him come out of the warehouse with it under his arm and put a bag over it. I could have stopped him then, but I wanted to detect the receiver. I was up in the lost above, where he could not see me. There was another piece found in his pocket afterwards.

What was the value of this piece of tin? - It is about twenty pounds weight, it is worth eight pence a pound.


I am servant to Mr. Kinman. On the 9th of November I was ordered to follow the prisoner; I had followed him on the 23d of October, and the 24th. On the 24th of October he had a piece of tin which my master saw him take. On the Tuesday after the 24th of October my master saw him take a piece out of the yard.

On the 24th of October your master ordered you to follow the prisoner? - Yes, on the 23d he ordered me to follow him the next morning when he went out, which I did. I observed he had something under his arm with a bag over it; I followed him into Fleet-street, down the ditch side; he seemed to be apprehensive there was some person after him; he stopped; I was obliged to stop likewise. When he came nearer to the tollhouse at Black-friars-bridge, he made a full stop, seeming determined to see if any person was after him. I crossed to the other side of the bridge, and I suppose he threw this piece over, it was found by a waterman's boy at low water mark, on the 9th of November. I followed him again; he went towards Temple-bar. I observed he had something heavy in his pocket. He stopped at Temple-bar, so that I could not avoid coming close to him. He fell into discourse with me, and immediately turned about and said, I have lost my glove, and went back; I followed him back, imagining he meant to discharge the piece he had got. I said he had got something he should not have. He said he had not. I said I must search him; I did, and found this ingot upon him (producing it).

Is there any mark upon it? - Yes, Mr. Forbes's; my master deals with Mr. Forbes.

Should you have known that tin if you had seen it any where else? - I should have known my master had such tin.

Any person who deals with Forbes may have the same sort? - They may.

What did he say? - He had got a piece of metal for a friend to make a pair of buckles.

Did you charge him with it? - Yes, and I told him how long I had been after him.


I have no witnesses.

GUILTY . Imp. 6 Months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-7

7. MARY, otherwise ELIZABETH CARPENTER was indicted for stealing a silver quart tankard, value 3 l. 10 s. and eight silver table spoons, value 3 l. the property of George Hebden , October 12 .


I hired the prisoner as a servant of all work on Thursday the 12th of October, she came to be hired in the morning about ten o'clock; she told me a story of her distress, that she came from Essex; that it would put her to great inconvenience and expence to send her back again; upon this representation I took her without a character; she staid with me till dinner was over; after dinner she took the tankard and eight spoons which had been used at dinner into the wash-house to clean; having done so she found some opportunity of slipping out of the house and left her bonnet behind; I immediately missed the tankard and the spoons; on Friday, which was the next day, one Henley, a pawnbroker, brought home five of the spoons.

- HENLEY sworn.

I am a pawnbroker; these five spoons (producing them,) were pawned in the name of Mary Carpenter , on the 12th of October, but I was not present at the time; on the 20th, after I had found who the spoons belonged to, and carried them home, the prisoner came for half a guinea more upon the spoons; she described them to be the spoons pledged at such a time in the name of Mary Carpenter ; I followed her and had her secured; she said if she was brought to my house she would confess the whole; she was prevailed upon to confess by my telling her that if she told the whole truth, it was likely the court would be more favourable to her.

Court. You must not give in evidence any thing she said after such a promise as that being made to her.

( George Whitby another pawnbroker produced two spoons, and deposed they were pledged at his shop by the prisoner herself, on the very day these were stolen. - Worthy produced a tankard under the same circumstance. Another pawnbroker produced another spoon, all of which they deposed were pawned by the prisoner at their different shops, on the very day they were stolen. All the spoons so produced were proved by Mrs. Hebden, to be the property of her husband.)


I leave myself to the mercy of the court; I am seven months gone with child.

GUILTY . Imp. 12 Months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-8

8, 9. SAMUEL BLAKEY and WILLIAM COLOURS was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling of William Jeffreys , on the 18th of November , between the hours of ten and twelve in the forenoon, (no person being therein,) and stealing a black silk gown, value 6 s. a black callimanco petticoat, value 3 s. and a white cloth apron, value 2 s. the property of the said William Jeffreys , in his dwelling house .


I live at Battle-Bridge ; I am a labourer ; I went out on the 18th of November at six in the morning about my work; I left my wife and child in the house. I came back again at three o'clock; I found the back window on the ground floor (indeed I had but that room) was broke open, and the lead was cut down so that the casement could be opened; I left it shut; there were shutters to it on the outside,

which I opened when I went out, and shut the window after me. I missed a petticoat, a gown, and a white apron; which I had seen on the line when I went out.


My husband went out about six o'clock; I went out about eight; I left no person in the house when I went out, I carried my child with me to school; I fastened the house after me; the back window was fastened when I went out; I always looked at it, because it was low and in a dangerous situation, and I did look at it that morning and it was fast; I was at work about eleven o'clock at Mr. Litchfield's across the road; I saw Blakey under our window, with the things in a brown apron; the door was at that time shut, I did not observe the window; I followed him immediately and called for help; he was going off at the time; I went after him; when I saw him there were two men with him; the two prisoners are Blakey and one of the men who were with him at that time; they were all three together under the window when I saw them first; I pursued them and they threw the things into a ditch; the last of them the accomplice was taken immediately. I then went back to my house and found the back window open and a pane broke.

(The clothes were produced in court.)

Prosecutrix. These are my clothes; I had worn them on the day before; I had seen the people lurk about in the morning I am sure the prisoners are two of them.

What is the value of your clothes? - Ten shillings at least.


I am a constable; I took the prisoners at noon the same day; when they were before the justice, Blakey swore most bitterly that he would not only rob the house again, but would burn it and her in it; he said at the same time it was not he that had the bundle but the other.


I apprehended the prisoners; I heard Blakey say what Dinmore has related; they each charged the other before the justice with having the property.


I took George Lewis Atkinson the accomplice.


I have known the two prisoners about a month; I went out with them that day; we went after birds; as we came back we saw this house empty; we determined to go in; we cut the lead of the back window with a little knife I had and broke the glass by which means we opened the window; then Blakey stood on the outside, while I and Colours went into the house; we took a gown and petticoat, and an apron; the petticoat was on the bed, the gown and apron on the lines; I gave them first to Blakey; when I got out of the window again, and got round the corner, Blakey gave them into my apron and I was to carry them off, but when I saw the prosecutrix coming, I said the woman was coming and I threw them into the ditch; I was taken soon after; the window is so low that I could easily get into it. We looked through the window first to see if the room was empty. (Colours called three witnesses who gave him a good character.)

(Blakey called his mother who gave him a good character.)

BOTH GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 4 s.

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-9

10. JOHN NIXON was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Thomas White , on the 22d of October , about the hour of eight in the night, with intent the goods of the said Thomas White to steal .


I am an housekeeper in Liquorpond-street ; my house was broke open on Sunday the 22nd of October, between seven and eight o'clock; I have a wife and two children, and a girl and boy servants; my brother at that time lodged with me. On Sunday evening as I was sitting in the room up stairs, I heard a rumbling noise down in the shop; I went down and found the partition that goes down into the cellar

broke; I immediately saw that the boards were wrenched off that parted the cellar and the back part of this lumber place; I looked down where the boards were wrenched off and saw an hat lying; I sent one of my boys to bring one of my men, the neighbours were alarmed and they came. I have three cellars, we searched and found the prisoner in the coal cellar, he lay piled up together like a dog. We asked him if he had any accomplices? He said he would be buggered if he impeached any body. We took him to New Prison, and the next morning to the justice, and there he said, if I had let him alone two hours longer he would have done me.

Did you observe any part of the house that was broke open? - He said he got in by wrenching up the slap of the cellar window; there was no mark of violence to be seen on the outside, the slap was shut down again; there is a slap and two folding doors with a bar across, the dog of the slap was out of order, and I found it bent; I did not know before that it was very easy to get it up; when they had got into the cellar they wrenched down a board to get into the shop; the cellar where they got in was under the place where I live.


I live about three doors from Mr. White; on Sunday the 22d of October, about nine o'clock I was going by Mr. White's, and I saw Robinson the soldier pull the prisoner out of the cellar; the partition where there is a sliding-door that has a communication with the shop was broke open.


My father turned me out of doors, I had no where to lie, I saw this cellar open and went down there to sleep.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-10

11. JOSHUA CADDIE was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Mary Newstead , widow , on the 5th of November , about the hour of six in the night, with intent the goods of the said Mary to steal, against the stature, &c.

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)


I live in Rutland-court, Glasshouse-yard ; I am a widow. My house was broke open on the 5th of November. I had been at church; I came home about six in the evening; then I went over to a neighbour's house to drink tea; I double locked my door. I had not been out above ten minutes before the gentlewoman's child said my bell rang. I said, how can you think my bell rings when I have double-locked my door. Soon after the bell rang again. I went over and found my door wide open; a man rushed out of my house, and passed me. I went up stairs and saw the prisoner Caddie on the top of the stairs coming down; I laid fast hold of his arm, and asked him what he wanted? He told me he wanted one Mr. Newbond. I told him I was a widow, and no person lived here but myself. He said a person wanted him at Cow-cross. I let him go, but Mr. Argyle brought him up stairs directly after, and sent for a constable; and I saw five picklock keys, a crow, and a bag taken from him.

Had you any light when you held this conversation with him? - Yes, I had a candle in my hand, and there was a light in my room.

You did not actually lose any thing I suppose? - No.

When you recovered from your fright did you examine the door? - It was very well when I left it, and I have not observed any mark of violence upon it since. I suppose it was got open with the picklock keys.

Had you so much conversation with the prisoner as to have no doubt that he is the man? - No. I was with him about ten minutes in the room, and had some conversation with him, while my daughter and Mr. Argyle went up stairs. He asked me to search my place to see if I had lost any thing.

Did he make any attempt to escape while he was left alone with you? - No.

At this time of night was it dark? - Yes, it was about a quarter after six o'clock.

Are you certain that you shut the door after you? - I was going to drink tea, and to the St. Ann's lecture; I am sure I double-locked the door.

Where was the bell you heard? - It is fixed to the door; if any person opens the door it gives the alarm.


On Sunday the 5th of November, Mrs. Newstead called at our house between five and six o'clock; we asked her to drink tea with us. She said she would go home first and light her lamp and double-lock her door, for her husband had advised her, when she went out, to light the lamp and double-lock the door. She went and came back. We were at tea. In about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, my girl said, your bell rings, somebody is going into your house. She said, how can that be, I have the key here? We all listened and heard the bell ring again. She took a candle and opened our door; she said, my door is wide open, I am robbed. Just as I got into the court I saw a shout man, about five feet ten inches, come out of the house; I did not go after him, but went to the house. Just as she came to the stairs she met the prisoner coming down stairs. She laid hold of his arm, and said, how came you in my house? you have robbed me. He said he wanted a Mr. Newbond. I said there was no such person lived there. He said he was sure there was. She was frightened, and let him go; and he went out and sidled by the side of the houses. I seised him by the collar, brought him back, and took him up stairs. I sent for a constable; there was not one to be found. I afterwards went and brought one. I desired the prisoner might be searched; he pulled out a brown bag, with five picklock keys; the constable searched him further, and pulled out an iron crow.


I am a constable. I searched the prisoner on the 5th of November. I found upon him five picklock keys, this bag, and an iron crow.


I had been down this court several times to go to a necessary as I was going along a man ran by me in a brown coat, he dropped this bag; I picked it up and put it in my pocket; afterwards this man stopped me, and asked me what I was doing in the house? I said I was not near the house. He said he must take me into the house. I went up stairs with him, and pulled these things out of my pocket. I did not know what was in the bag. The woman said, my dear sir, if I have not lost any thing I will not hurt an hair of your head. I was taken to jail, and the next day before the justice; then she swore her door was open, that I was in the house, and she had been robbed. Now she swears she has lost nothing.

To Argyle. Is there any necessary at the bottom of the court? - Yes, there is.

For the Prisoner.


I have known the prisoner ever since he was a baby. His father and mother are very honest; I never heard any harm of him before this; he is a paper hanger.


I am a broker. I have known him about fourteen or fifteen years; I never knew any harm of him till this time. I employed him to carry out things for me; he always brought me my money honestly; I know he ran away from the militia once, that is all I know of him.

Prisoner. All the keys were tried and none of them would open the door.

To Trafford. Were the keys tried? - No, they were not tried at all that I know.

To Argyle. Did you try these keys? - No.

Prosecutrix. It was a large lock it is a street door.

GUILTY ( Death .)

(He was humbly recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy.)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-11

12. JOHN LUCAS was indicted for stealing a pair of leather shoes, value 14 s. three pair of women's leather pumps, value 6 s. two pair of iron pincers, value 1 s. two

pegging awls, value 3 d. and a cloth coat, value 2 d. the property of Thomas Winns , November 15 .


I am a cobler ; on the 25th of November I came to work between the hours of eleven and twelve o'clock at a stall I keep in Lemon-street, Goodman's fields ; I found my door open and the lock forced off; it was a screw lock; I did not leave work till near eleven o'clock over night and then it was double locked; the lock lay within the stall; I went in and missed all my shoes except about three or four; there were eight or nine pair of men's shoes, and about three pair of women's shoes; I saw my property at Justice Wilmot's, some of it is missing; I lost two pair of pinchers and a great coat. On the Tuesday after Lucas and the accomplice were taken and the shoes were found upon them; they confessed who they had robbed; I was not present when they made the confession:


I am a patrole of Christ Church parish, Spitalfields; on Tuesday the 8th of November, about two in the morning, as three other patroles and I were going up White Row, we saw a light under the bottom of a door; we suspected some body was in that house that did not belong to it; two of us went round the back of the house, while the other two went and knocked at the door; Lucas and Davis strove to make their escape backwards, but we stopped them; when I took Lucas he offered me two guineas to let him go; I took him to the watch-house and he was confined; the next morning he was taken before the magistrate, and there was a search warrant granted to search his house; when we went we found nine pair of men's shoes and a woman's shoe and two pair of pinchers and an awl in his work shop underneath the bellows; he is a smith by trade; I found one pair upon his feet.

(They were produced in court and deposed to by Winns.)


I went out on Saturday morning about six o'clock with Lucas; he took me to the cobler's stall in Lemon-street; Lucas picked the lock and went in.

Did not you know his intention? - Not till that morning; when he went in he handed me over three or four pair of shoes; then he filled his own apron and came out and shut the door; on the road he gave me some more shoes; there was a great coat and two pair of pinchers.

Riches. The great coat was not found.

To Davis. You went with him with a full knowledge of his intent? - Yes.

Are you sure that Lucas the prisoner picked the lock? - It was dark I could not see whether he picked it or no; the way he mostly used was to pick the lock; when the men took us I went with them and shewed them the stall.


The shoes were left by a shoemaker at our shop, he brought them in his apron; I desired him to put them in the basket till he called for them.

GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d. fined 1 s. and w. and imp. 6 months .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-12

13. WILLIAM THOMPSON otherwise BENNET was indicted for that he in the king's highway, on the 16th of September , in and upon William Johnson , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; and stealing from his person a watch with a gold case, value 10 l. and a guinea and an half guinea in monies, numbered, the property of the said William Johnson , Sept. 16.


I live in Hertfordshire; I was going home in a phaeton between six and seven o'clock in the evening of the 16th of September; it rained very hard and I stopped at Kilburn-wells for a quarter of an hour, then I went into my phaeton and went on; when I had got about half a mile from Kilburn-wells , two highwaymen came up on horse back; one came on one side my phaeton the other on the other; this was between six and seven o'clock.

Was it light? - It was; the prisoner is to the best of my knowledge the man who came on the left side of the carriage; I did not see the face of the other; I cannot be positive to the prisoner, but I believe him to be the man; the prisoner presented a pistol; he was not on the side I sat on, but on the side my servant Mary Thomas sat on, who was in the phaeton with me; the prisoner took my money, the other took my watch.

Had you any man servant attending you? - No man servant; they took from me a guinea and an half, and a gold watch; I begged for my watch, but the other man tucked it into his pocket; then they robbed my servant and rode off.

Did you make any observations upon the horses? - I did; I think the prisoner rode a good looking bay horse, white in his face, rather a low horse; the next morning I came to Sir John Fielding's office; there I described the men and the circumstances attending the robbery; in about a fortnight after I received a letter from Mr. Bond, in consequence of which I came up to town; I saw the prisoner who was in custody; I said I believed him to be the man; I was shewn another man first, but I knew nothing of him.

What was the ground of your suspicion? - His person and his voice.

How long time was the robbery in committing? - I believe between five and ten minutes, they were pretty quick; they swore at me and bid me make haste.

Was there much conversation passed? - yes; I said "there is my money, but my watch

"I don't like to part with it for it is a family

"watch," I had been drinking a bottle of wine and was rather in spirits and I talked to them pretty boldly; the other man refused to return my watch.

Then the conversation was not so much with this man as the other? - The conversation was first with this man, with the other after; I never saw the other man's face; he kept his head at the side of the phaeton; the head of the carriage was up.

What was the conversation you had with the prisoner? - To give me time and I would give my money; they said come, come, make haste, don't prate; they talked in that stile; I have advertised my watch, but have never heard any thing of it since.


I am servant to Mr. Johnson; I was in the phaeton with him going to his house in Hertfordshire; the prisoner robbed me.

Are you certain he is the man? - I am positive; I saw him reach his hand over me and rob my master; the prisoner came to my side, the near side, and presented a pistol.

How long was the robbery in being committed? - Between five and ten minutes.

Did not an attack of that kind put you into confusion? - No; I was not so frightened at that time as I was afterwards.

Did you possess yourself so much as to be certain to the person of the prisoner when you only saw him for so small a space of time? - I had seen him on horseback in company with another at Kilburn-wells; we staid at Kilburn-wells between a quarter and half an hour; I got out of the carriage and went into the house; the prisoner was on horseback with another in company; they stood under the trees on account of the weather, as I thought, and I took particular notice of them: I was in a front room which looked towards those trees.

How came you to make particular observations of these people? - It rained prodigious hard, and I wondered they did not come into the house.

What was the colour of their horses? - Both of them were bay horses.

Did you observe any person besides the prisoner come up to the phaeton? - I only saw the prisoner, the other I did not see; the prisoner d - 'd me and told me not to hesitate, but deliver my money immediately. The purse belonged to a friend of mine; I begged of him not to take the purse; he d - 'd me and said don't ask; don't hesitate.

Did he hold any conversation with Mr. Johnson? - He desired him not to hesitate.

Are you very positive to the person of the prisoner? - I am; I saw both the pistol; the prisoner held his to my breast; the other pistol was held to my master's neck; I desired the prisoner to withdraw his pistol but he would not; he demanded my watch; I told him I

was but a servant and had not got a watch; he felt about me but I had not one.

Have you any thing further to relate respecting the robbing of your master? - They demanded my master's watch; my master desiring to save his watch, said "he had not got one." The prisoner repied I know you have a watch. My master had pulled his watch out at Kilburn-Wells. They insisted upon having it.

( Daniel How , the ostler at Kilburn-wells was called, but not appearing, the court ordered his recognizance to be estreated.)


I know nothing about the affair; if I had been guilty of it I should have had no difficulty of confessing it, because there is another heavy affair against me.

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-13

14. JEFFERIES HOPLEY was indicted for stealing a pair of men's leather shoes, value 3 s. and a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 5 s. the property of Thomas Frear , November 7th .


I am chaiseman to his Majesty. I lost a pair of shoes and silver shoe-buckles, on the 7th of November. I went out in my boots and left my shoes and buckles in the coachhouse. Towards the evening I went to look for them, and missed them. I used to employ the prisoner occasionally to help me; he not coming that evening, I had a suspicion of him. I went to look for him two days, but could not find him. On the next Tuesday I got a constable and took him, and had him to the round-house. He confessed he had taken my shoes and buckles, and said he had lost one of the buckles, and sold the other.

Did you make him any promise to induce him to make that confession? - I said I would not hurt him. He had my shoes on his feet when I took him.

Could you have known those shoes if you had seen them any where else? - There is no particular mark; I know them by the shape of my foot and my own judgement.

Have you ev er found the buckles? - No.

Are you sure these were your shoes? - Yes.


I bought the shoes of a Jew going along the Mews.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-14

15. ELISABETH HYLETT was indicted for stealing a canvas bag, value 1 d. and four guineas and an half guinea, in monies, numbered, the property of James Winshill , privately from his person , November 10th .


On the 10th of November, between twelve and one o'clock in the night, I was in St. Giles's , going to Deptford with a drummer; the prisoner met us and asked us to give her a quartern of gin; I gave her a penny. She put her hand round my waist and took out of my waistcoat pocket, a canvas bag, which had four guineas and an half in it. I did not miss it till two hours after.

When had you seen it before? - About a quarter of an hour. After this I went down to a publick-house, one George Bacon's, with the drummer, and staid about ten minutes. We had a room to ourselves. I wanted to change half a guinea; I put my hand in my pocket and missed my purse.

How long was the woman with you? - About three or four minutes.

Are you sure the prisoner is the woman? - Yes, I am. About two o'clock, we went back to the place where we had met with her; we told the watchman what had happened. He took us to the house of a Mr. Mason, in Crown-court, and there we found the prisoner in bed. The watchman took my bag out of her right-hand. She said she had it from her husband; she got up, and the watchman took her to the round-house.


I am a watchman. I took the purse out of the prisoner's right-hand, which she had

put between her thighs in bed; that was about two in the morning, on the 10th of November. There were four guineas and a half in it, and half a bad shilling, which the prisoner claimed, and had again. She said she had the money from her husband, and if we took it from her she would swear a robbery against us.


The prosecutor, with another man came to me about one o'clock, and said he had lost his purse and asked me if I knew a girl who came from America. I told them the woman they were with, passed by my box, and went into an house in Crown-court. I went there with them.

Did you see her with the prosecutor? - Yes. I knew her before. I carried them to the lodging, and we found her in bed.


I lodged in Crown-court. The prosecutor came into the court and took hold of me, and said he would give me sixpence. He gave me a penny, and after that he went home with me, and would lie with me by compulsion, and when he had lain with me, he wanted me to lie with the drummer. I said I would not. He said he would have my bloody liver out. I do not know how I came by the purse; the money was sent me from my husband; I know nothing of it.

To Rover. Did the soldier and the drummer appear to be in liquor? - No, quite sober.

GUILTY ( Death .)

(She was humbly recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy.)

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-15

16. ANN MULLINS was indicted for stealing a linen bed-gown, value 6 d. a linen gown, value 18 d. a cotton handkerchief, value 1 d. a stuff petticoat, value 10 d. a woman's silk hat, value 2 d. and a linen cap, value 1 d. the property of Elisabeth Canks , spinster , October 26th .


On the 26th of October I lost the several things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them) from the Coach and Horses, Belton-street, Coal-yard . I was washing my pots in the yard; I saw the prisoner go up stairs, and come down with a bundle. I went up stairs about a quarter of an hour after and missed my things. We had lodgers in the house, so I thought she had gone up to some of the lodgers. Upon missing them I went to the first pawnbroker's, which was Mr. Mills, in Short's-gardens, there I found the hat. The prisoner was taken up at the Sun, the corner of Brownlow-street, the next morning. She was taken before the justice and there she owned she had taken the things.

Were any promises or threatenings made use of to induce her to own it? - No. She took us to Little St. Andrew's-street, and Lumber-court, where we found all the rest of the things.


I am a pawnbroker. I have a gown the prisoner brought to me to pawn, between eleven and twelve o'clock at noon of the same day it was stolen.

(The gown was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Davis. I have a bed-gown, but I could not find it; and I have a handkerchief I took in of her at the same time.


I keep a clothes-shop in Lumber-court, Seven-Dials. I have a stuff petticoat I bought the same day of the prisoner, in the open court. She was an old clothes woman; I have dealt with her before. The prisoner, the prosecutrix, and the constable came to my shop for it the next day.

(The petticoat was produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


I met a woman I had worked with at an upholsterer's; she said she wanted to make up her rent, and asked me to pawn these things for her, which I did.

GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 10 d.

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-16

17. WILLIAM BELL was indicted for stealing a cane with a gilt head, value 4 s. and another cane with an ivory head, value 6 s. the property of Henry Hankey , November 13th .


I live with my uncle, Mr. Henry Hankey , who keeps a cane-shop in Coventry-street . On the 13th of November, between three and four o'clock, I was reading on the bench, I heard the canes rattle; I went to the door and saw the prisoner standing there; he was dressed very genteel; I did not suspect him. I went into the shop again, and heard the canes rattle again; then I went to the door and missed two canes. I laid hold of the prisoner, who had gone a few steps from the door, and brought him into the shop. Then he pulled the canes from under his great coat, and asked the price of one of them. I took him into custody.


At the justice's he said he went to buy a cane. I searched him, and he had not so much as a farthing about him.

(The canes were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I had been at the other end of the town; I stopped at this stick-shop. I took a view of them, with an intent to buy one of them. As I had two sticks in my hand, the man came to the door and asked me what I meant to do with them? I said I wanted to know the price of one of them. I surrendered myself to go before any justice with him.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-17

18. MARIA JONES was indicted for stealing thirteen pair of cotton stockings, value 12 s. two linen shifts, value 4 s. two linen aprons, value 2 s. two children's linen frocks, value 4 s. two children's linen shirts, value 12 d. three children's linen caps, value 1 s. and four linen handkerchiefs, value 2 s. the property of Elisabeth Spickard , October 31st .


I lodge in Rose-street, Soho . On the 31st of October I lost the several particulars mentioned in the indictment. Thirteen pair of stockings, eleven of which were thread, not mentioned in the indictment, and two frocks, two aprons, two shifts, two caps, and four handkerchiefs were lost on the last day of October. I had taken the prisoner into my apartment to lodge with me for a few days. The last day of October she left me, and stole the several things mentioned in the indictment. She was taken up on the 2d of November, and upon her legs a pair of my stockings were found; a handkerchief was found upon her, and a child's cap. She was carried before a justice; there she voluntarily acknowledged that she had sold the other particulars mentioned in the indictment, to a Jew.


I was present at the office when the prisoner was searched, and these things were found upon her.


A great deal she has sworn is as false as God is true. I have no friend in London. I beg the court will be merciful to me on account of my youth. I am not twenty years old; and I am almost seven months gone with child.

GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d. W.

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-18

19. JOHN BEAN was indicted for stealing a cloth great coat, value 5 s. the property of Nicholas Delevitt ,


I was behind the house drying linen. The shop is forward where my husband worked. I saw the prisoner skipping across the door with a bundle under his arm. I looked into the shop and missed the great coat. I had seen it there but just before. My husband was out of the shop at the time. I pursued the

prisoner immediately, and took him with the great coat under his arm.

Another Witness sworn.

I saw the great coat upon his arm. Upon being taken he threw it down.


I am not guilty of it.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-19

20. SAMUEL STEVENSON was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value 4 s. three muslin neckcloths, value 3 s. four linen caps, value 8 d. a dimity night-cap, value 3 d. two linen sleeves, value 1 s. and two linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. the property of Anthony Allam , November 22d .


I am the wife of Anthony Allam , I had washed the linen on the 22d of November, and placed them to dry. I heard a noise in the yard; I came out; I saw the prisoner at the bar; I assisted in holding him till a constable was sent for.


I was walking in a garden which adjoins this place, the back of Ormond-street. I went into the yard, and I saw the prisoner in the prosecutor's yard; he turned his back towards me, but as he was running away, the linen being wet, one of the shirts tumbled between his legs, which made him stumble, and was near throwing him down; I turned round full upon him; I then saw he had a bundle of linen. I seised him. He ran near the pales, where there was an accomplice ready to have received this linen. I held him till I had the assistance of Mr. Allam. Afterward a constable was sent for.

( Thomas Jones , the constable produced the linen, which was deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Jones. I met the prisoner together with the other persons, near the Foundling-Hospital.


My hat blew over these pales; I went into the yard to get it again.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-20

21. MARY DERBY was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Dixon , on the 2d of December , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing seven cloth cloaks, value 3 l. the property of the said William Dixon , in his dwelling-house .


I live in Long-acre ; I keep a cloak and coat warehouse . Last Saturday night I lost seven cloaks about eight o'clock; the door of my shop, which was shut, and was upon the latch, was opened, and seven cloaks were stolen. I did not see the prisoner take them, but I saw her and the cloaks brought back about eight o'clock; I had seen the cloaks about six o'clock.

You do not even know perhaps that the door was shut? - Yes; I had not been out of the shop into the parlour five minutes, and I am sure it was shut when I went out of the shop.


I live with Mr. Beard, a pastry-cook, in Sydney's-alley, Leicester-fields. I was in Mr. Dixon's parlour when a poor woman came in and gave the alarm. I pursued the prisoner, and took her in Hart-street, Covent garden.

How far is that from the shop? - An hundred or two hundred yards. She was running; I saw her drop one of the cloaks. She found somebody was after her and seemed to wish to drop them all. I catched hold of the other six.

Had you seen the woman in the shop - I had not. The woman who came in and gave the alarm, said a woman was gone out with a bundle across the way and down the court.


I was in the shop at the same time, it was about eight o'clock. There are cloaks hang

across the shop, so that I could not see the door. A woman came in and said, there was no person to mind the shop, and a woman had stolen something. I ran out and pursued her; we caught her. One cloak dropped from her; I picked it up.

How happened it that you who was in the shop did not see her come in? - I work in the back part of the shop, but the cloaks that hung up hindered my seeing.

Did you hear the door open? - No.

Had any person gone out of the door a little before? - No. I am sure the door was latched, because I was the last person who came in at the door.

Can you be positive that you shut it? - Yes; I am positive.

Does the latch catch so as never to deceive you? - I don't know that it ever did.

How large is this shop? - Very large.

And there were these things hanging loose about? - These cloaks laid close upon the counter folded one upon another.

Had you any light in the shop? - Yes.


I was going down Long-acre with my basket of oysters upon my head; I saw the prosecutor's door open and saw the prisoner run out of the shop with a large bundle before her, and she left the door wide open; she ran across Long-acre, and through the court by the Bird-in-hand, just by Long-acre Bagnio; I knocked at the prosecutor's door and alarmed them.

Did you see William Robinson in the shop? - They were all backwards in the parlour.

Are you sure the prisoner is the woman? - I am, as I took particular notice of her;

(The cloaks were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I never was in any prison before. As I was going down Long-acre I met that woman; the had something on her head; she turned her head and said what is that lies so white at the door; she said stoop because I have the basket on my head; I stooped and picked up that parcel; she asked what it was, I said I would keep it; then she ran into the shop; and as I was going to look at the bundle they caught hold of me; I never was in the shop.

(The prisoner called two witnesses who gave her the character of a good honest oyster girl.)

NOT GUILTY of burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house, but GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-21

22. DAVID DUCKWORTH was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Isaac Lloyd , on the 18th of November , about the hour of six in the night; and stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. a steel chain, value 2 s. a stone seal set in silver, value 1 s. 6 d. a steel watch key, value 1 d. a base metal watch key, value 1 d. and a pair of linen sheets, value 10 s. the property of the said Isaac, in his dwelling house .


I am the wife of Isaac Lloyd ; my husband lives in Peter-street, Westminster ; the prisoner lodged with us on the 18th of November with a woman that passed as his wife. He made an excuse to go backwards; I was in the yard; when he got into the back yard he broke my window open; this was at three o'clock in the afternoon; I caught him at it, so he did not steal any thing; he went up stairs and gave his wife the key of his room, then he went out. At six o'clock, somebody came in and asked what it was o'clock, my clock did not go; I went into the back room where my husband's watch hung and looked at it; it was then six o'clock by my watch; I washed my little girl and then went into the yard; I saw the prisoner coming out of the back parlour window; I heard him say to somebody over the pales; by G - d I had like to have been too short; for he came through another persen's pales into my back yard; I missed my husband's watch and chain; it was a silver watch with two cases; the glass of the watch was broke, that was the reason my husband did not carry it in his pocket; there was a steal chain; a stone seal; a steel watch key, and a brass one.

My husband is a carpenter and was out at work.


I am a pawnbroker; and live opposite Somerset-house in the strand; this silver watch (producing it,) I took in pledge from Thomas Hindle on the 18th of November, about seven or eight o'clock in the evening; I lent him twelve shillings upon it; he said he brought it from a fellow soldier who was in the barracks; he said his name was Duckworth.

( Sarah Lloyd deposed that the watch produced was the property of her husband.)


I know nothing about it; I was not in the house at the time; I came off guard on Saturday; I went out and came home at twelve at night. I knocked at the door, they would not let me in; so I went and gave a shilling for a bed in Westminster.


I was a recruit and came up to the regiment at the same time with the prisoner; at the request of the prisoner I pawned this watch; I asked him why he would not pawn it himself, he said as I had a coloured coat on I should be able to raise more money upon it than he should do in a soldier's habit; that induced me to comply with his request; I pawned the watch for twelve shillings with Mr. Purre; I gave the money immediately to Duckworth, who was standing on the outside of the pawnbroker's door waiting for me.


I apprehended the prisoner; when before the justices the prisoner confessed voluntarily that he stole the watch; and that he had employed Hindle in pawning it; he at the same time cried and begged they would be favourable to him.

NOT GUILTY of burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house, but guilty of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-22

23, 24. MARY GRAVES and ELIZABETH WRIGHT were indicted for stealing two cotton gowns, value 38 s. a silk gown, value 6 d. a cotton gown, value 1 s. 6 d. a pair of stays, value 8 s. a stuff petticoat, value 7 s. and a pair of cotton stockings, value 6 d. the property of Judith Burdeau , in the dwelling-house of Claud Burdeau , Oct. 25 .


I am the daughter of Claud Burdeau , we live in Hare-court, Hare-street, Bethnal-green ; my father is a weaver. On the 25th of October after dinner I went up into the one-pair-of-stairs room, I saw my clothes upon the shelves in the closet; I buttoned the door after me and went to work up one pair of stairs higher; I was called down a little after four, Mr. Pullow having stopped the prisoner with the things.


I am a weaver; I was in the tap-room at the Flower-pot, at the corner of Church-street, Bethnal-green, when Mr. Pullow brought the prisoners in with these goods; I have had the custody of these goods ever since; that was at about half past four; they had the things in their aprons when they were brought into the house.

(The goods were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.


On that day I saw the two prisoners in Hare-street, near Hare-court, they entered the court without any property visible to me; they appeared to me to view the door of each house as they passed; when they came to the prosecutor's door, Mary Graves went up the steps and entered the house. The other stood near the door at the end of the court in waiting; I advanced a few steps from the front of the court that the person in waiting should not observe me; they returned in five or six minutes with some thing upon them; they had no sooner quitted the court but they ran a few yards and then walked a good pace; I followed them down several streets till they came to Church-street; there I stopped them and demanded what property they had upon them, and how

they came by it; one of them with insolence said the property was not mine; I went into the Flower-pot and desired of the people to assist me; I took them into a back room, and these things were produced. I left the prisoners and went to the prosecutor's house; and asked if they had lost any thing; they had not missed the clothes at that time; the prosecutrix went up stairs and immediately missed them.

To the Prosecutrix. What is the value of these things? - Three pounds.

BOTH GUILTY of stealing to the value of 39 s.

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-23

25, 26. JOSEPH COOK and JOHN THOMAS were indicted for that they, on the 9th of November , in the king's highway, in and upon Ann, the wife of Bartholomew Marsano , feloniously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life; and stealing from her person, a medal, and eight shillings in monies, numbered, the property of the said Bartholomew .


I live in Thanet-place, near Temple-bar. My husband is an Italian merchant . On the 9th of November, about a quarter before eight, or half an hour; coming along the street, within a door of Palsgrave-place , I found some people behind me; I turned round, and Joseph Cook asked me for a glass of wine? I bid him

"go home and mind his master's

"business." He immediately took me by the throat and dragged me up Palsgrave-place. I struggled as long as I could; he left my throat one time and then attacked me again.

For how long time did he leave your throat? - I cannot say. Then he dragged me up towards Twining's tea warehouse, keeping his right hand to my throat; he bent me down and behaved very indecently with his other hand. Then he took his left hand from my petticoats; he kneeled his knee upon my back and bent me down to the ground; and then turned my pocket inside out.

What did he rob you of? - About eight or nine shillings and a pocket piece, but that was of very little value; then he ran down Palsgrave-place and turned to his right hand.

While he was dragging you up the court and using you in this manner you have described, did you cry out? - It was impossible to cry out; I did as well as I could but I was almost choaked.

Did you see any person in the court? - In my flurry I cannot say that I observed any person; but there was a person passing at the time who is now in court.

Did you observe enough of the person to be able to swear that Cook was the man who used you so? - I can most positively swear to him and the other too.

What did John Thomas do? - He attended all the time I was robbed behind Cook; he said something, I think the expression was

"there is your bit." That was before Cook robbed me.

Had you an opportunity of seeing his face? - I saw them both when I had not an opportunity of speaking.

You are positive he was one of the men? - I am, most certainly.

Was there any light in the court you could distinguish them by? - There were lamps.

Had you ever seen either of them before? - Never to my knowledge. Thomas came up the court after I was robbed, as I thought, to look at me; when he came up I told the hair-dresser he was one of those who had attacked me; that was about five minutes after the robbery.

Was you still standing in the court? - The hair-dresser had just taken me off from the ground.

Cross Examination.

Was not you pretty much in liquor? - Not at all.

Did not you first say you was robbed of a watch? - I said I had lost my watch.

Afterwards that watch was found at home? - It was.

Is it not very strange you should say you was robbed of a watch, when afterwards it turned out you was not? - In my fright I scarce knew what I said.

You acknowledge Thomas did nothing at

all to you? - He never spoke to me nor I to him.

This was upon Lord Mayor's day in the evening? - It was.

The little boy is Thomas? Is it not? - This on this side.

You said he came up the court again five minutes after to look at you? - Yes.

And you say the hair-dresser was taking you up at that time? - I was just up.

Was it not strange a boy who had been doing you mischief should come up, when a man was along with you ready to take him into custody? - I speak the truth.

Will you swear you was not drunk at this time? - I am positive that I was not; I have people here to prove the contrary.


How old are you? - I was fourteen on the twelfth of this month. I came down the Strand about half after eight o'clock at night on Lord Mayor's day. I saw three boys drag this gentlewoman up Palsgrave-place; the biggest boy Cook had his hand round her neck; I stopped a gentleman who was going through the court into the Temple; I told the gentleman that boy was going to pick her pocket. I saw him take his hand out of her pocket and he had some papers in his hand.

Did you see Thomas? - Yes; he was behind Cook laughing at him.

Did you see Thomas do any thing? - No; he laughed as if he enjoyed the sport; there was another staid at the end of the court watching all the time.

What condition was the woman in? - Screaming out.

Was she upon the ground? - No; I staid in the court till the barber came; then she took me with her.

When the barber came he lifted her from the ground? - Not that I know of; I did not see her upon the ground.


I am a constable; I live directly opposite Palsgrave-place. I was sent for upon Thomas's being taken; I heard the story; I asked Thomas how he came into such an affair as that of robbing the gentlewoman and using her ill, for she was very bad; he gave me a direction where Cook lived, and where I might find another. I took this little boy and the hair-dresser with me. I went to a publick-house on Ludgate-hill; the waiter said they were just gone out; we found Cook in bed about one o'clock in his master's house in Warwick-lane. We searched his clothes and out of his waistcoat came this pocket piece. (Producing it.)

Prosecutrix. This is my pocket piece; it is a catholic piece and is very remarkable.

Cross Examination.

It was from Thomas's information that you found the other boys? - It was.


About five minutes before eight o'clock, on the 9th of November, I was going through Palsgrave-place to buy a fillet. I live in Essex-court. I saw Mrs. Marsano at the end of the court, and I saw Cook with one hand as I thought up to her bosom, and the other hand under her petticoats.

Did you know the prosecutrix? - Yes, by sight. I went on for the fillet; I suppose I was gone about three or four minutes. Upon my return I saw Joseph Cook standing in the same posture, and the prosecutrix in the same posture; I went home with the fillet it would not do; I was obliged to carry it back. Upon going back again with it I saw Mrs. Marsano at the end of the court, and Joseph Cook with one hand to her throat; and the other under her petticoats; that was I suppose in not more than three or four minutes. When I first saw them they were at the end of the court, in sight of the Strand; upon my return this time with the fillet, which was the third time, she was at the farther end of the court; Joseph Cook ran down the court, but which way he turned I cannot tell.

How came you to take so much observation of Cook as to be sure he was the person? - Because I saw this woman wrestling about, and saw his hand up to her neck; as soon as ever he ran away I heard her cry out murder and thieves! I went up to her; she told me

"she had been robbed"; she seemed frightened. She asked me

"to feel her throat?" I did, there was a large lump in her throat; and her face appeared to be quite

black. While she was relating how they had used her, John Thomas came up the court. She said,

"there is one of them." There were two or three people gathered round, who were passing the court, to hear what she had to say. I said to a young man at the end of the court, I will run and take him. I ran to the bottom of the court; I was afraid to take him by myself; I got a young man to go with me. I laid hold of him by the throat, and brought him up to the prosecutrix; she said,

"that was one of them."

Can you undertake to say from your own observation at the time, that Cook was the person you saw with the prosecutrix? - Yes, I can. He had a brown coat on, his hair was hanging down, and he had a round hat on.

Did you see his face? - I did not look at his face. I knew him only by his coat and his hair. When I brought Thomas to her, she said, that was the person who came up to her and said, now is your bit.

Cross Examination.

You saw only one person lay hold of the prosecutrix, and that person had his hand up her coats? - Yes.

That is all you saw? - Yes.

There was no person near the prosecutrix and that person? - No. I had seen a great many girls of the town up the court; I thought it might be the same then; so I did not take any notice at first of it.


I am a constable. Mr. Swift told me the story of this robbery. Upon some information I went to Cook's master, and asked for his apprentice. He said he was a-bed. I desired to go up and see him. His master said by all means. I went up to his bed; his waistcoat was upon the bed; this medal sell out of his waistcoat pocket. He said, he had found it that day in Cheapside.


Coming along the Strand I met that woman, very much in liquor; I took her for a woman of the town. After a little conversation, I left her up this court; these two lads were along with me. I never heard any more of her till she came to my master's house and took me up.

To Dimsdale. You had a good deal of conversation with this woman? - Yes.

Did she appear to be sober or otherwise? - Her flannel petticoat, and pocket, and shift were dragged out, and turned inside out. She appeared to be like a mad woman.

Do you apprehend she was or not in liquor? - She was frightened; she did not appear to be in liquor.

Swift. I had a great deal of conversation with her that night; she did not appear to be at all in liquor.

For Thomas.


I am printer of the Gazette. The prisoner Thomas, is an apprentice to my partner, Mr. Brooke.

What is his general character? - Extremely good; I never heard the least tittle against him. We had him from the Welch charity-school when he was not old enough to be an apprentice, but he behaved so well that Mr. Brooke took him apprentice, and finds him in clothes, and every necessary now on account of his good behaviour; he has always behaved very diligent and well. The Lord Mayor's day was the first time I ever heard any thing against him.

(Mr. Samuel Brooke confirmed the evidence of Mr. Harrison.)


I am a compositor to Messrs. Harrison and Brooke.

What is Thomas's character? - I do not know any boy who has a better. I was with Mrs. Marsano the morning following this affair; I saw her again on Sunday last; she said if it had not been for the constable she should not have appeared against him, she should have dropped it.


The boy has worked with me ever since he has been an apprentice. He always behaved extremely well.


Thomas is a very sober, industrious boy.


I know Thomas, he has a remarkable good character.

COOK GUILTY ( Death .)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-24

27. JANE CARTWRIGHT was indicted for stealing four sheets, value 10 s. the property of Sampson Rainsforth , Robert Moore , John Alderson , John Wright , James Brooks , and William Moore , September 13th .


I am one of the overseers of St. Clement's . On the 23d of September Mr. Eglington, the master of the workhouse, applied to me, and informed me the prisoner, who was a pauper in the workhouse, had taken some sheets. I went with him to Mr. Davidson's, a pawnbroker, in Fleet-street, and found the four sheets pledged; but he did not deliver up the sheets till some time afterwards, till I got a warrant from the Lord Mayor.

Whose property are these sheets? - The property of the churchwardens and overseers of the parish (naming them). They belonged to the workhouse, and had the parish mark upon them, which is an anchor.


I am a pawnbroker in Fleet-street. I had three sheets; they were delivered up at the Mansion-house, to Mr. Eglington, the master of the workhouse.


I had these sheets (producing them) of Mr. Davidson, the pawnbroker; I have had them ever since; they are the property of the Parish of St. Clement.

Davidson. The prisoner had a different appearance then, but I am certain she is the same person. She brought me a sheet and said her name was Jane Cartwright , and I lent her one shilling and sixpence; that was on the 29th of August. She said she was an house-keeper in Carey-street. The mark on the sheet was obliterated with whiting, that I really did not see it. The other two sheets were received on the 31st of August, and the 13st of September. They were taken in by my young man; I was in the shop when they were taken in. They were brought by the prisoner.

Did you observe no mark on the sheets? - I did not. The mark was in black, and was obliterated with whiting, on that I took in.

When was the fourth taken in? - That was on the 1st of August; I was not present then.

Were the marks of them all so defaced that you could not discern them? - I believe all the marks were defaced; they have been one with whiting.


I leave myself to the mercy of the court.

GUILTY . W. and Imp 3 months .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-25

28. PHILIP SUTTON was indicted for stealing on the 22d of November , a linen pocket, value 1 d. two half-crown pieces, and two shillings and ten-pence half-penny, in monies, numbered, the property of Sarah Kempson , privily, from the person of the said Sarah .


I was upon the road to Aylesbury on the 22d of November, near Tyburn , the day of the execution; I stood on the right-hand in the road to Paddington. The crowd was very great, I could not get through it, and was under the necessity of standing there; the prisoner, who stood next to me, stooped and put his hand up my petticoats; I immediately put my hand into my pocket, but the prisoner had then taken my money out of my pocket. The money was found in his hand. I lost two half-crowns, and two shillings and ten-pence half-penny, and a farthing; the money was in my pocket when he put his hand up my clothes. He was taken to a publick-house, by the assistance of some persons, and upon searching his pockets some money was found. I fixed upon a farthing and a halfpenny. The farthing had been burnt; I took

it out of the fire and rubbed it. The halfpenny was black, I had been in possession of it a considerable time. I had a new shilling; such an one was found in the prisoner's pocket, and two half-crowns.


I was attending the execution. I saw the prisoner near the prosecutrix; I observed she was very much pressed and ill-treated. Just as the common convicts had been tied up, and the coiner was going on in the sledge, I heard the prisoner say, in a low voice, as if speaking to an accomplice, Now to work. I kept my eye upon the prisoner. Sarah Kempson , the prosecutrix, was complaining of the pressure of the crowd. I assisted her in recovering her cloak. I observed the prisoner's hand upon her right pocket; then he took up her petticoats, and stooped downwards. I observed him in that position, and afterwards, when the girl (the prosecutrix) ha d cried out, it was a long time before he could recover himself. The prosecutrix cried out, some person has his hands under my petticoats, this man is robbing me. Upon her saying that, I immediately seised the prisoner. He was taken to a publick-house. I had great difficulty to prevent the crowd from taking him to duck him, which I did by representing to them the impropriety of such conduct. He was searched; his money was in two different pockets. There were two half crowns found in his pocket, two new shillings, an half-penny, and a farthing. The prosecutrix owned the half-penny and the farthing. She said she believed the two half-crowns and the shillings were her's. There was a small knife found in the prisoner's pocket. The prosecutrix's pocket was produced and it appeared it had been cut. The knife was proper for such a purpose.

( Richard Grott , the officer who stood near Hoskins at the execution, confirmed his testimony.)


I am innocent of the business. One of these shillings I had had for some time; the half-penny and farthing I had before. I had been at a publick-house; I had offered the bad half-penny and farthing to the woman; she would not take them, so I had changed a shilling; that ten-pence was the change. I had the other shilling with five shillings at Mr. Weller's office, in change for a guinea, and the two half-crowns.

(The prisoner called two witnesses who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY of stealing the money, but NOT GUILTY of stealing it privily from the person . N. 1 year .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-26

29. THOMAS BROWN was indicted for stealing a mare, value 10 l. the property of Thomas Donally , November 29th .


I live at Greenwich . The prisoner came to me on the 25th of November; he had the appearance of an officer of the army. He said he was stationed in Greenwich for three months. He asked me if I had any saddle-horses to let? I told him I had, but I was very cautious who I lett them to. He told me I need have no doubt of letting an horse to him, because he had very good acquaintance in town. He made mention of a Captain McKenzie , who I knew was in town, who he said was an acquaintance of his. I knew Captain McKenzie . He told me he was going to the Spread Eagle, in Grace-church-street, and was to return on Monday. I agreed to lett him an horse. He came to me on the next day, about half after eleven o'clock, and asked me to lend him a pair of spurs. I told him he should have them. I lett a mare of a dark colour to him, and desired he would put it up at the Dunn Horse in the Borough, which he agreed to do. I was going to town on Monday; I called there to see if the mare had been put up there or had been taken care of. I subscribed the marks of the gentleman, and asked if he had put up the horse there. They said there was no such thing. I went to the Spread Eagle, and subscribed the man and the mare, and asked if he had put it up there? They told me he had not.

Had you let him the mare for any particular number of days? - Yes, he was to return on the Monday, between four and five o'clock. There was no price agreed for the hire. I went to Captain McKenzie ; he said he knew nothing of the person more than his having called upon him, and said he knew some of Captain McKenzie 's friends, who desired him to call upon him, and that he dined and drank tea with him. He desired me to call upon one Haswell, a hatter, in Greenwich, who knew more of the prisoner. I went to Mr. Haswell; he said he knew nothing of him, but that he had got a hat, and some stockings, to the amount of two pounds odd of him, and that he believed he was not a fair dealing man. I enquired at the Grey-Hound; they said they knew nothing of him, only that he ordered a dinner there on Sunday, for himself and another person. I came to town to give the information at Sir John Fielding 's. I subscribed the prisoner. They told me if I went into the Brown Bear I should see him there, detained for stealing pistols. I went there and saw the prisoner.

Are you sure the prisoner is the person? - Yes. I went in and asked him where my mare was? He said, the mare was very safe, that he had got into a little scrape, and as soon as he got clear of it, I should have the mare, but he would not tell me where she was.

Have you ever recovered her? - Yes. I went to Aldridge's repository, and asked if there was such a mare there? Mr. Aldridge asked me what name it was brought in? I said in the name of Captain Brown. He said there was no such mare there; there was one in the name of Captain Reynolds, which answered my subscription. I saw my horse in the stable. I told him how it was got from me. He said the prisoner left it and had had three guineas upon it till the mare should be sold.

Is Aldridge here? - No. He was committed for aiding and abetting the prisoner, and has got clear. I thought there was no business for him to appear. I told Aldridge if he parted with the mare I should look to him for it. It was returned me by William Clipson .


I keep a publick-house in Field-lane, Holbourn. I was going up to St. Martin's-lane with Mr. Wilson, a Marshalsea-court officer. We went into the Brown Bear , Bow-street; the prisoner was there. He told Mr. Wilson he knew him very well. He talked with him. Mr. Wilson came to me and told me, the prisoner and he had got a mare which he gave seventeen guineas for at Doncaster, in Yorkshire, which was to be sold that day at Aldridge's repository; he said I might if I chose purchase the mare, and not let it be sold for nothing, at the repository, as horses went then; and the prisoner gave me an order for Aldridge to deliver me the mare on paying his debt, and I was to give him two guineas more. I was bound over to prosecute Aldridge as well as the prisoner. I came back and told him I liked the horse and would give him the two guineas. He gave me half a guinea that day. I paid Mr. Aldridge for the mare three pounds eight shillings and three-pence, and stopped the sale of it, but did not take the mare away till the next day. When I went to fetch the mare, he said the man had been there, who said the mare was his property. I said then give me my money again, I had rather have nothing to do with it. He said, no, the man said it was his, but he had sold it to this gentleman.

Was you present at the first time the conversation was with the prisoner and Wilson respecting the transaction at Doncaster? - Yes.

Did the prisoner say he bought the mare at Doncaster? - Yes, for seventeen guineas; that he had rode her all the way, and hunted with her, and she was a good mare to hunt with, and he was very sorry to part with her.

What time did he say he had had her? - He did not say how long, but that he had rode her all the way from Yorkshire.

What day was that? - Wednesday the 29th.

Did he take upon himself and appear to you as the real owner? - Yes, and that he had the power to dispose of her as his own. I gave him half a guinea in part of the purchase; I was to bring the other guinea and

half to the Brown Bear , or carry it to Tothil-fields Bridewell.

Was this all that passed? - Yes, till I went to Aldridge and paid the money; he delivered up the mare to me. I took it home. Justice Addington sent to me to inform me it was the property of another person, and I delivered it to the prosecutor at the Brown Bear in Bow-street, on the Friday.

Prisoner. Did I say I would sell the mare? - Yes. Prothero and Clark told me he offered to sell the mare to them that day.


I had been under examinations in Bow-street. Clipson came with another man; they said they would recommend to me an attorney, Mr. Wilson. They told me they understood I had a mare at Mr. Aldridge's; they thought I might want money in the situation I was; that they would lead me any more money one the mare, if I would put it into their care for me. I told them there was a mare at Aldridge's, which I had borrowed three guineas on to pay a debt. I said if they would pay the money and take care of the mare for me, I should be obliged to them. They said they would, and asked me what I wanted. I desired them to give me half a guinea. They said they would, and gave me half a guinea, and said they would give me a guinea and an half more in the afternoon. I understand Clipson lives by going to persons in distress and doing things of this kind.

To Clipson. He says Wilson first applied to him and told him he understood he had the mare at Aldridge's? - It was impossible Wilson, or I, or the attorney could know any thing of that till he was taken. Wilson was backwards with the prisoner. They came and said he had the mare to sell.

From the conversation which passed did you understand that Wilson knew of the mare being at Aldridge's before he came there? - He knew nothing of it till he went in; they came out and told me of it.

Prisoner. I beg the character of Clipson may be enquired into, whether he has not been detected in such things before. He wished to swindle me out of this mare.

For the Prisoner.


I live at Dartford. I have known the prisoner two years. While he was at Dartford he was a private soldier in the Shropshire militia, which lay at Dartford. My father keeps a shop; he bought tea and sugar in our shop. He had been an officer in America, and was reduced on account of some misdemeanour. He behaved very honestly at Dartford for what I know.

You know nothing perhaps either of his honesty or dishonesty? - Not in the least.

Was you frequently in his company or only when he was in the shop? - When in the shop. Sometimes I was in his company in the town when he was upon the parade.

For the Prosecution.


I am an officer at Sir John Fielding 's. I have some receipts which were delivered to me; they are signed one by the prisoner and the other by Aldridge.

Clipson. This is Aldrige's hand-writing, I saw him write it.

(They were produced and read in court. Aldridge's receipt was a receipt to Clipson for the money due on the mare.)

GUILTY ( Death .)

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-27

30. MARY CHILD was indicted for stealing two cotton gowns, value 1 l. 2 s. a white lawn apron, value 1 s. 6 d. a check apron, value 1 s. 8 d. a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. and a linen cap, value 6 d. the property of Ann Woodford , July 1 .


I am an assistant in the day time to the nurse of one of the wards of St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; the prisoner was there as a night nurse in the beginning of July. About five in the morning she went round the ward and asked the people if they wanted any thing; she found none awake but me. I

asked her what it was o'clock, she said it was not five. I lay down again and went to sleep; I waked about half past five and missed the prisoner out of the ward; I got up and went to a locker to look for the things I had pulled off after dinner on Sunday; I found it empty; I missed all the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them); some were taken off a table. When I was sent for to give charge of the prisoner, the instant she saw me she voluntarily confessed taking the things, and begged I would be merciful to her; she said she had pledged them and I should have them again; but she would never tell where she had pawned them. I have never got the things.


I have known the prisoner about five years. I was informed she had robbed a patient in the hospital; she came into my room, I charged her with it, and she acknowledged it directly; I stopped her and sent for the prosecutrix; when she came the prisoner went down on her knees and begged her to be merciful to her.

( Sarah Barnes a patient at the same time in the hospital, confirmed the testimony of the prosecutrix.)


I know nothing of the things but only a coloured apron she lent me; as to the charge I am innocent.

GUILTY Wh . and Imp. Six Months .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-28

31. EDWARD WRIGHT was indicted for stealing a woollen cloth coat, value 12 s. the property of Nicholas Simmonds , privately in the shop of the said Nicholas , Oct. 25th .


I am shopman to Nicholas Simmonds , who keeps a pawnbroker's and sale shop; we hang goods for show on the outside of the door; this coat was hanging upon the outside of the door; the door opens inwardly; I saw the door shake; I looked through the glass and saw something missing. I went out; a person told me a man was gone up the alley adjoining to the shop; I went up the alley and overtook the prisoner; he had this coat under his arm; it has the shop mark upon it.


I saw the coat lying on the stones; I took it up and went up the passage; as soon as he called me I delivered it to him.

GUILTY of stealing the coat , but NOT

GUILTY of stealing privately in the shop. W .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-29

32. ISAAC TORREZ was indicted for stealing two silver watch cases, value 14 s. and a tortoiseshell watch case, value 18 s. the property of Owen Jones , October 26th .


The prisoner brought two baskets of wood to my house on the 26th of October, about a quarter after five in the evening; he brought them into the front room and set them down; about three or four minutes after he was gone out of the house my wife called me down stairs. I missed two silver watch cases and one tortoiseshell with silver edges, which had been lying upon the dresser. They have never been found.


The prisoner came to our house with wood on the 26th of October, I let him in. Immediately after he went I missed the watch cases; I had them in my hand when I was cheapening the wood, and had laid them down on the corner of the dresser. I missed the cases before any other person came into the house; when he was in the room with the wood I turned my back to go to the bottom of the stairs, but I was never out of the room while he was there. I went to the prisoner's house and waited for his coming home. Upon being charged with this matter he persisted in his innocence.

(The prisoner called several witnesses who gave him a good character.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-30

33 ELIZABETH JONES was indicted for stealing a half gallon pewter pot, value 1 s. 8 d. the property of James Eastwick , Nov. 15 .


I keep the Red Hart in Shoe-lane . I saw the prisoner in my tap-room but I did not suspect her; I was sent for a quarter of an hour after to Mr. Scandaret's where I saw a half gallon pot of mine.


I was sent for to take the prisoner into custody; I found several pots under her petticoats; one is an half gallon pot. (It was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I found them in the street.

GUILTY of stealing the pots to the value of 10 d. W .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-31

34. JOHN RUGELEY was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Thomas Haines , December 2d .


On last Saturday about four o'clock, while I was walking in Gracechurch-street , I observed the prisoner walked on my left side; he went round to my right and picked my handkerchief out of my pocket. I immediately seised him, and he dropped the handkerchief; I went to pick it up and he ran away. I pursued him and cried stop thief! he was not out of my sight till he was taken.


I heard the cry of stop thief! I stopped the prisoner and Mr. Haines came up and delivered me the handkerchief.

(The handkerchief was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I never had the handkerchief.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-32

35. JUDITH the wife of John BURTON was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 2 s. two blankets, value 6 d. a bed, value 20 s. a bolster, value 2 s. two pillows, value 1 s. 6 d. a bed quilt, value 1 s. a copper saucepan, value 4 s. a copper tea kettle, value 2 s. a brass candlestick, value 1 s. a pair of iron tongs, value 8 d. and an iron poker, value 4 d. the property of George Watson , November 3 d . the above goods being in a lodging room let by contract to the said Judith, by the said George Watson .


My husband's name is George Watson . We live in Carnaby-street . The prisoner took a ready furnished lodging of me about the middle of October, at two shillings a week; she lodged with me about a fortnight; then I missed several things out of the room; I asked her where they were? She said

"being in distress she had made use of them, not meaning to defraud me, but she would fetch them back." I sent for the watch and she was committed. I missed all the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them); which were all let for her use with the lodging.

( Hector Macpherson a pawnbroker deposed that the prisoner pawned with him the goods mentioned in the indictment).

(They were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

To Macpherson. Had she pawned any thing with you before? - Yes, from May last; I understood that she was a married woman; she said her husband was in St. George's Hospital.


My husband was in St. George's Hospital. I had not bread to eat at the time; I meant to have brought them back on the Saturday when I should have had money coming to me.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-33

36, 37. JOHN BOWEN and GEORGE CLAYTON were indicted for stealing a basket, value 2 d. a cotton gown, value 2 s. three linen aprons, value 1 s. 8 d. a linen cap, value 3 d. two linen handkerchiefs, value 3 d. a tin boiler, value 4 d. a mahogany tea chest, value 2 s. and an iron chissel, value 2 d. the property of Mary Reynolds , Nov. 24th .


I am a laundress and live in Winchester-row . On the 24th of November, a little after one o'clock, I lost a basket, and the things mentioned in the indictment, out of my room; while I was at dinner in my kitchen I heard a foot in the passage; upon which I looked up and saw the two prisone rs go down the steps through the garden, which is before the door. I made an alarm and sent my servant after them; I likewise pursued them down the walk and never lost sight of them till they turned the corner; I cried out stop thief! they threw the things down at the end of the row, turning down the walk; they were taken and delivered to me. The prisoners were taken immediately and were examined before a magistrate; they denied the fact. I am very sure they are the men; I know their faces perfectly.

Prisoners. She said before the justice she did not know we were the persons.

Did you hesitate before the justice? - I I do not know that I did.


I am servant to the prosecutrix. I saw the two prisoners go down the road; one of them, I think Bowen, had the basket in his hand; they ran as fast as they could. I saw the basket just before they turned the corner; when they turned the corner I was within ten yards of them, and the things were on the ground. A man took them up. I continued pursuing the men; I never lost sight of them till they were taken in a field near Portman-square.


I saw the prisoners turn the corner and saw them throw down the basket. They continued to run as fast as they could; I pursued them and came up with them soon after.


I saw the two prisoners run down the passage from the prosecutor's door; one had a basket in his hand. An alarm was immediately given. I turned into the field; there I met and stopped them; they had quitted the basket. Upon my coming up to them they both drew their knives, and with many execrations swore they would cut me down if I attempted to touch them, and they both made several blows at me with their knives, and I actually received two wounds in my hands, nevertheless I seised Bowen; upon which Clayton came up to me and struck me with his fist in the face, but did not knock me down, but he stunned me so as to make me let Bowen go, and then they both ran away. I recovered myself and pursued them, and at the end of the field again seised Bowen; then some other people came up and secured them.

( John Terry confirmed the testimony of Thomas Haburn .)


I was in the field, and that gentleman laid hold of me and struck me two or three times; I had my knife in my hand, and told him I would chop him down if he did not let me go.


I was going across the field, and some people were going along; one came up and laid hold of this lad. I told him not to lick the lad, and I did strike him.


I bailed Clayton from the warrant this day was-fortnight; he went home with me that night; the next morning I heard he was taken up; I went to the gentlewoman and asked what she could lay to his charge? She said nothing but that he was in company with another man; that she was in the kitchen, and saw him go down the yard. I know no harm of him, he is an hard working lad.


Coming through Winchester-row I heard the cry of thieves! Having lost a pair of boots, I thought I should be glad to see these thieves; I went to the gentlewoman's house and asked what sort of men they were; I have never seen them.


Clayton lodged at my house on the Thursday

was fortnight; he left my house between eight and nine o'clock on Friday morning. He is an hard-working, sober lad.

BOTH GUILTY . N. 3 years .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-34

38. WILLIAM GLINN was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 2 s. the property of Mary Duffey , widow , November the 16th .


I lost a shirt which was left in my care by the captain of a ship, who was gone abroad. It was taken out of my dining-room. I had seen it about twenty-four hours before I missed it. Mrs. Duncan brought me the shirt about nine or ten days after, but where she got it I do not know. I believe it is the same shirt, but I cannot swear to it.

(The prisoner was not put on his defence.)


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-35

39, 40. HANNAH KNIGHT and MARTHA HILTON were indicted for stealing a stuff petticoat, value 18 d. a linen apron, value 2 s. 6 d a woman's hat, value 1 s. two linen gowns, value 5 s. a half guinea, and five shillings and sixpence, in monies, numbered , the property of Mary Cowell , November 14th .


I came home on Tuesday night, the 14th of November, from work, and found my door broke open; I had padlocked it when I went out. I found the padlock broke off, and a box containing the things mentioned in the indictment, was taken from under my bed. I found the box broke open, and empty, in an uninhabited room under my room. In consequence of some suspicion of Martha Hilton , she was taken up, and then she owned it. She took me the next day to the pawnbrokers where she had pawned the things. Before she confessed I told her if she would confess, I would be as favourable as I could. Both the prisoners had worked for me, but never robbed me before.


The prisoners were taken up; they both denied it. We took them to the publick-house. There was a shilling dropped from under Hilton's petticoat, and that caused me to search her, and I found a pin of the prosecutrix's window upon her.

(The pin of the window was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Redgrave. I found upon her a piece of silk, with about four or five shillings in it. The prosecutrix said it was the piece of silk her money was wrapped in. The money was returned to the prosecutrix, but I do not know what became of the silk. I found nothing upon the other prisoner.


I have a gown I took in pledge from the prisoner Hilton; I know nothing of the other prisoner.


I am a pawnbroker. I have a gown pawned by Hilton, and an hat, petticoat, and apron pawned by Knight.

(The several articles were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)


She bid me take her things to raise some money upon. As I was coming from Billingsgate, she stopped me and charged me with stealing them.


I asked her to lend me some money. She said she had none, and gave me a gown to pawn.

To the Prosecutrix. Is that true? - It is not.

BOTH GUILTY . Imp. 12 months .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-36

41. SARAH BRIDGEWATER was indicted for stealing a guinea , the property of James Randwell , October 30th .


I went into the Royal Oak in St. Giles's , on the 30th of October, between twelve and one o'clock at noon, to have a pint of beer, and I fell in company with a woman, who was writing a letter. We talked about the different coins of money. I took out a guinea. I having drank the beer, turned the pot up and laid the guinea upon it. The prisoner immediately flew to the guinea, and chucked it into her mouth. I got hold of her by the arm, and held her till I got an officer, but I never got my guinea again.

Did you search her mouth? - No; I was afraid she would bite my fingers.


I was driven into this publick-house in order to shelter myself from the rain. I had occasion to write a letter to my mother; as I was writing this letter, this person came in, and called for a pint of beer; I finished my letter, and sealed it. He pressed me to drink, and we fell into conversation concerning the American affairs; the conversation turned on the currency of notes. The prosecutor pulled out this guinea and laid it on the bottom of the pint pot, and the prisoner immediately came and took it, and put it in her mouth.


This woman asked me to come to this publick-house to fetch her things to wash; I went to the publick-house. A man was drinking with her; he asked me to drink. He pulled out something and put on the bottom of the pint pot, and said that he would shew us a trick we never saw in our lives, that it should come through the pot, and there should be no hole in the pot. As I was in the publick-house, he came to me, and said I had taken a guinea from under the pint pot. He felt in my mouth. I know nothing of it. She wanted me to wash her things for her. She had been out all night, and got her things dirty. He pulled out his watch to shew me that it went upon diamonds. I never heard such a thing in my life; I did not know what a diamond was. I had the watch several times in my hand; if I had been a thief I might have taken it; and so had the woman the watch several times.

To the Prosecutor. Were there any slight-of-hand tricks done? - I know nothing about any such thing.

Is it true? - No.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-37

42. EDWARD NUNN was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of Thomas Darby , on the 25th of October , about the hour of nine in the night, and stealing a counterpane, value 14 s. the property of the said Thomas Darby ; a cloth coat, value 15 s. two dimity waistcoats, value 10 s. a pair of velvet breeches, value 10 s. a pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. a linen wrapper, value 1 s. and two pair of silk stockings, the property of Banister Flight , in the dwelling house of the said Thomas .


I am the wife of Thomas Darby , we live in Moorfields . On Wednesday evening the 25th of October, between eight and nine at night, as we were sitting in the parlour, we were alarmed by Mr. Langley, who told us he had seen two men come out of the window; we immediately went up stairs and found the chamber and dining room doors both locked; Mr. Langley fetched two watchmen who got in at the window. They opened the door; we went up and missed all the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.) We had the house searched from top to bottom but found no person in it.


I went into the room in the afternoon about four o'clock; I saw the window of the dining room was open; I pulled it down part of the way, I don't remember whether I pulled it quite down; I was in the bed chamber again at eight o'clock, the things were safe then. I heard a little rattling against a chair in the dining room, I thought it was the cat, I did not go in.

Did you leave the window enough open for any person to come in at it? - Not without pushing it up; I went up another pair of stairs to put the child to bed; as I came down I heard something of the noise again; when I got down to the parlour the alarm was made.


I lodge in Mr. Darby's house. I was not at home when this happened. I missed the things mentioned in the indictment as my property. Before I went out I waited for the hair-dresser; I looked out at the window to see for him and left the window up.


I was going by with a pot of beer in the evening, a little before nine o'clock; I saw a person standing on the pallisadoes; and another person come off the penthouse over the door on to the back of the man who stood on the pallisadoes; I saw the window sash was quite up; any person might get in that was on the pent-house; I went and knocked at the door. After I knocked at the door I followed them down the street, but they were gone; I could not discern the men so as to know them again.


On the 26th of October, about seven o'clock in the morning I found these things (producing them) in the garret of Bagnal's house were the prisoner lodged. I took the prisoner on the stairs; he had nothing on but his shirt. This bundle was lying in the garret, tied up as it is now, and a cutlass lying upon it.

Do you know who that cutlass belongs to? - No; it belongs to them that took the bundle I dare say; Bagnal I believe made his escape out of Tothilfields prison. I asked Nunn where the bundle came from; he said d - n the bundle.

(The goods were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutors.)


I took this place of Bagnal; I worked till twelve o'clock the night before to fix up my tools; I gave my box to Bagnal, he carried it up stairs. This man came in the morning and found the things in the place where my box was. I know nothing of it.

NOT GUILTY of breaking and entering the dwelling house; but guilty of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s. N. 3 years .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-38

43, 44. ANN WILLIAMS and MARY HARPUR were indicted for coining a farthing , November 7th .


On the 7th of November, at about twelve o'clock at noon, I went with Mr. Clarke and some more of the officers from Bow-street, to an alley near Black-boy alley , having an information that some coiners were at work there; there is a large yard before the house and some stables; we could not come to the house without opening the door into the yard. When I opened the door and entered the yard I saw the house door immediately shut. I ran up to the door and attempted to open it but could not; I went to the window and I heard a noise in the inside; I called to the others who were at the door to break it open for the people were making their escape; the door was very strongly fastened and they could not force it open. I threw up the sash and jumped in at the window. When I got into the room the prisoner Williams was standing by the fire; I asked her what she meant by fastening the door; she said she did not know what we wanted. I went out into the stable; there were ten cart load of rubbish at least that had been dug out of the earth. Morant in examining the stairs that go up out of the kitchen, found two of the bottom steps loose; there were an hole made at the bottom of the stairs to go under ground by lifting off these steps; I pulled off my clothes directly and went down the hole and Mr. Clark followed me. There was on the left hand of the hole a small press for cutting out blanks; there was a candle burning by it and a sheet of copper in the press; farther on in the cellar which was a hole dug on purpose; there was a large press

with a fly with dies in it for raising the impressions on farthings; there was another candle by that. These are the dies ( producing them); there was a farthing between the dies finished, and a large quantity lying by in the cellar. Mr. Clark said he was sure they must be some where about. We lit a candle and examined round the cellar; Mr. Clark observed a hole under the foundation of the house farther into the ground; he called out, if there was any person in the hole they must speak and come out; there was no answer. I said take care I will fire a pistol into the hole and then they will be glad to come out. Upon that a voice very low cried out, for God's sake don't hurt me; help me out; and with a deal of difficulty we dragged Harpur out of the hole. We found in the cellar every implement for coining farthings or halfpence.


I went to this house; Morant found a quantity of halfpence concealed under the floor which occasioned a closer search; at last he pulled up the bottom step of the stairs and there was a hole that went under the house fourteen feet deep, which had caused the house to sink six feet; we got down into the hole; and on the left hand there was a small press fixed for cutting out and a candle burning by it; and another press with the dies fixed and a farthing in the dies, and a candle burning; by that I was positive some persons must have made their escape, or were concealed in that place. I looked on the side of the large press and there was a hole that went into the shore; I looked there and saw the head of Mrs. Harpur, we got her out with difficulty; she had got in feet first, and that had jamm'd her clothes up to her waist, and she stuck fast; there must have been somebody at work within five minutes; the very handle of the press was warm at the time; there were places for three persons to work; one to feed the press and the others to work the fly and cut out the dies; she had on her working dress, a bed gown; her other clothes were in the parlour. We found in the parlour a die in the fire hot to strike the impression on another die.

Court. Is not the working of the press very laborious and not fit for a woman? - It does not require much strength; it works round without any purchase, and the spring throws it up again. I was informed two men had made their escape.


I am one of the moniers of the mint (looking at the farthings.) They are all counterfeits.

(The prisoner Harpur called two witnesses who gave her a good character.)

(Williams was not put on her defence.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-39

45. JOSEPH NORTON was indicted for coining a halfpenny , May 22d .


In the month of May, in consequence of an information myself and three or four more went to the house of the prisoner in Plough-court, Carey-street . I knocked at the door, a little girl let me in; I asked

"if Mr.

"Norton was at home?


"She said no; he

"was just gone out." I saw Mrs. Norton coming out of the cellar; I delivered her into the charge of one of the constables and ran down into the cellar; there were three cellars; in the farther cellar I found one Story, a soldier in the Guards, cutting out blanks; after securing him I came back to the cellar close to the bottom of the stairs, there I saw a large press fixed with dies in it, and a fly ready for striking the impression upon halfpence; there were a quantity of dies laid round the place, and these counterfeit halfpence; lay scattered about the press. I found a parcel upon a shelf on one side of the stai rs which had been badly struck and were laid by as waste; in the two pair of stairs closet we found three pair of dies; a quantity of blanks, and the cecil they were cut out of, the whole apparatus was complete.

(The dies and counterfeit halfpence were produced in court.)

Cross Examination.

You never saw the prisoner there? - No; I should have known him very well if I had happened to see him.


I went to this house in Plough-court. In the cellar, at the bottom of the stairs, there was a large press fixed for stamping the impressions; and in another cellar there was a small press for cutting out the round blanks. These halfpence I found close by a water-tub, which was close to the fly. Every thing was as complete for coining halfpence as could be.

When was Norton taken up? -

Prothero. I met with him and took him up about a fortnight ago.

Was there any way to get into the cellar but through the house?

Clarke. No. Whoever lived in that house must know that there was a large press in that cellar, for by throwing the fly, part of the wainscot in the cellar was broke out to give it room to work.

What light was there in the cellar? - It is dark, but is light enough to work without a candle.

Court. Could any man have taken that cellar, or these cellars of the owner of the house, for any purpose of working, or any other purpose? - There was a kind of a small kitchen and dresser, where was a quantity of dies.


I am one of the moniers of the mint. All the halfpence produced in court are counterfeit.


Do you know the house these witnesses have been speaking of? - Yes, it belongs to me. At Michaelmas, 1779, I let it to the prisoner.

Was he in possesion of it in May last? - He did not quit it till last Michaelmas; they took away their goods at night, just before Michaelmas day. They sent the key to me on Michaelmas day last.

Do you know of his living there? - No. I never saw him there. He came in the evening and took the house of me; he signed an agreement, which I have here, I am almost certain he is the man.

Cross Examination.

You are certain that is the man who took the house? - I never saw the man but once.

A person of that name took the house? - A person of this man's size and appearance; I believe him to be the man. When I heard they had been detected in coining, I went after my rent; I could never see him, but I saw his wife frequently. After they sent us the key we found almost an hat full of counterfeit halfpence in the cellar.

Prisoner. I leave my defence to my counsel.

For the Prisoner.


I have known the prisoner between two and three years.

Do you know where he lodged last? - Yes, he lodged at the house I lodged at; he came there a little after Christmas; in George-street, Gravel-lane. I did not leave it till July. He lodged there when I left it.

Do you know of any difference between him and his wife? - Not of my own knowledge. His wife did not lodge with him in that house.

Cross Examination.

What are you? - A carpenter. I live at No. 2, Founder's-court, Lothbury.

A master or journeyman? - I get jobs of my own.

You know this man's hand-writing very well, don't you? - I have seen his handwriting.

What business is he? - I understand he was something in the watch way.

Understand! what, don't you know what trade he is, though you have known him between two and three years? (He is shewn the agreement for the house) is that his handwriting? - It may be like his handwriting.

Do you believe it to be his hand-writing? - I believe it is like it.

You was intimate with him? - I have seen him at times.

Is he a man of property, so as to have more houses than one? - I never looked upon him to be a man of property.

Did not you know of his having an house in Plough-court? - Never.

What makes you recollect that he lived in Gravel-lane last Christmas and up to May? - He lived there after I left it.

Do you know what family he has? - I believe a child or two and a wife.

Did the child live with him or his wife? - I do not know; I know nothing about the family affairs; their connexions and mine were not very close. He had no family came after him there that I ever saw. I have heard him say he had children. Our acquaintance was but very small. I have seen a woman come after him.

And his child? - No.

Upon your oath do not you live in Surry now? - I do not; I live in Lothbury.

You have no lodging in Surry? - None, nor have since July last. I have lived at the Crown, the corner of Gravel-lane, in George-street, the Surry side of Black Friars-bridge.

Court. What part of the house did the prisoner live in? - In the fore-room, in which I lived before I left that room and went into another.

Did he sleep there? - He did.

Regularly? - He used to sleep there the same as I did.

Did you use to spend your evenings together? - Sometimes.

You never saw any of his family? - Never.


I have known the prisoner three or four years.

Do you know where he lodged in May last? - Over the water, at a publick-house, in George-street.

Did his wife lodge with him? - No.

Do you know whether he lodged there all last summer? - I believe he did.

Did he lodge there all last summer? - He did.

Did he lodge there in the month of May last? - He did. I heard him say he never would live with her any more, because she had been frequently seen with another man.

When had they the difference? - About Christmas.

Cross Examination.

Where do you live? - I keep the Red Lyon, in White-horse-alley, Cow-cross.

Did you use to see him frequently? - He used to come frequently to our house.

You had it from him where he lodged? - I have been with him where he lodged. I was there with him sometime about June.

What was his employment? - Something in the watch way.

- KING sworn.

I am a mantua-maker. I worked for the prisoner's wife.

Do you know where the prisoner lodged since Christmas last? - I never saw his lodgings. I have known him from a boy; he bore a fair character, for all I ever knew. I knew his wife and him both.

Perhaps you can tell whether his wife and he parted? - I have been at the house in Plough-court to her, but I never I saw him there in my life, and I have seen a man there when I have gone there, who she told me was a custom-house officer. She said she would not live with him any more; he did not use her well.

Cross Examination.

Where do you live? - In Long-lane, Smithfield, No. 24. My husband keeps that house.

What business is the prisoner? - He makes watch-cases and seals.

Where did he serve his apprenticeship? - In Birmingham.

Did you live at Birmingham? - Within four miles of Birmingham. I have been in London five years.

Have you kept up your acquaintance ever since? - A slight acquaintance.

Have you ever been at his house? - I have been at the house in Plough-court several times, but I was never in the house he lived in.

Perhaps you know his hand-writing? - I never saw him write.

Did not she say how kind he was to take the house for her in Plough-court? - I know nothing about that.

When did they tell you how this quarrel was? - I know it was since Christmas.

They have both separately told me of it. She said she would not live with him any more.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-40

46. JOHN SHAW was indicted for stealing a wooden cask, value 10 s. and twenty-six gallons of ale, value 26 s. the property of Thomas Harrison and John Child , November 25th .


I am in partnership with John Child . I lived at the White Bear warehouse, in Piccadilly. On the 25th of November I lost a cask of Yorkshire ale, twenty-six gallons; it was deposited at a Mr. Clark's, in James-street, who not having convenience desired me to send for it. I ordered my man to fetch the ale from Mr. Clark's; he went and brought up the cask of ale from thence. He was sent to deliver it to Mr. Withers, at the George, in the Hay-market . He went and returned in about ten minutes, and said the cask of ale was stolen out of the cart. I directed him to patrole on one side of the Hay-market, I was on the other; to try to discover the cask. At the end of James-street, I saw some people collected together near an hackney-coach; there I saw this cask of ale, and the people attempting to lift it up into the coach; one end of it was upon the boot. I asked what they were going to do with that ale? The coachman pointed to the prisoner and said,

"that was the gentleman who employed him." I asked the prisoner what he meant to do with the ale? He wheeled round the back of the coach, and ran away. I pursued him, and cried stop thief! I never lost fight of him till he was apprehended. He fell down in Oxendon-street, there he was taken.

A Witness sworn.

I am a publican in Oxendon-street. I came out upon the cry of stop thief! I saw the prisoner running; he fell down, and I seised him.

(The servant of the prosecutor confirmed his testimony in regard to his employment.)

(The coachman deposed, that the prisoner brought the cask to him, and offered him sixpence for himself if he would make haste; that he could not get it into the coach, but was going to put it into the boot, when the prosecutor came up to him.)


I was going through the Hay-market; I met two young fellows; they asked me to assist them with a cask into the coach.

(The prisoner called John Anderson who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY . N. 1 year .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-41

47. ROBERT FITTENBY was indicted for stealing a watch with a base metal chain, value 1 s. and a base metal key, value 1 d. the property of Rebecca Buck , widow , December 2d .


I live at No. 4, Ely-court, Holbourn . On Saturday morning the 2d of December. I and another person was down in our kitchen. I heard an alarm made by the old gentlewoman, who lodges in my fore parlour. I heard the word thief. I ran up stairs immediately and into the court. I saw a person turn the corner of Hatton-street. I made up to him and immediately seised him with the watch in his hand, and brought him back to the old Lady, Rebecca Buck , who is fourscore years old, and she said he was the person. We took him to Justice Wright's.

Do you know the watch? - I know the watch to be her property; it used to hang up by the fire-place.

In view of the window? - Yes. She swore to the watch and the prisoner before Justice Wright. When we were getting ready to go to take out the bill, it shocked her so that she has not been well since.

( Edward Fletcher , who was at Mr. Davis's, at the time the alarm was given, and joined

him in pursuit of the prisoner, confirmed Mr. Davis's testimony.)


I own it was a fault; I had rather go abroad if you please.


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

[Fine. See summary.]

[Military/Naval duty. See summary.]

Reference Number: t17801206-42

48. EDWARD NUNN was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Howell , on the 15th of October , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing a cotton counterpane, value 15 s. the property of the said James Howell .

(There was not any evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoner.)


Reference Number: t17801206-43

49. ISAAC ABRAHAMS was indicted for stealing a wooden cart, value 3 l. a hempen sack, value 6 d. three wicker baskets, value 3 s. and one hundred wooden lasts, value 12 l. and fifty pair of womens pattens, value 50 s. the property of John Watkins , Dec. 3d .


I get my living by carrying goods with a horse and cart for different tradesmen. On the 3d of December I had in my cart a sack with several lasts and three wicker baskets which contained some pattens.

How much were they worth together? - Ten pounds. I left my cart in Bishopsgate-street, opposite the London Tavern, whilst I went to the King's-arms; I might be gone about five minutes. Coming back I met my cart in Leadenhall-street, within six or seven doors of the Kings Arms ; the prisoner had hold of the bridle of the horse, and was going as sharp as he could make the horse go; I jumped out of the foot-path and asked him where he was going with the horse and cart; he let the reins go and ran away immediately, he turned the corner of Lime-street, but he was never out of my sight. I seised him within five or six doors of the corner.


I was coming to Guildhall to see the lottery drawn. I saw a parcel of boys coming along with this cart; they asked me the way to the Green-yard; I said any body will shew you the way. Then this man came up and knocked my hat off my head; in my fright I ran away. I was stopped and taken to the Compter; I never was near the cart.

For the prisoner.


I was going on an errand for my mistress. Facing the London Tavern I saw several boys about the cart; they were talking of taking the horse and cart to the Green-yard as there was no owner to it; I saw a person in an apron holding the horse; I saw the prosecutor meet him in Leadenhall-street, and strike at him with a whip or a stick.

The prisoner called three other witnesses who gave him a good character.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-44

50. CATHARINE PETERSON was indicted for stealing a pewter quart pot, value 20 d. the property of Sarah Moyse , October 19th .


I suspected the prisoner and watched her. On the morning of the 20th of October, there was a quart pot on the one pair of stairs. I saw the prisoner come up and take the pot and put it under her apron and go out with it; I sent a boy after her and she was brought back to Mrs. Moyse's house.


I was in the prosecutrix's house when she was brought back; I saw her take the pot from under her petticoats and put it under the bench where she sat.

( William Martin the constable produced the pot, which was deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Constable. She confessed taking the pot, but said it was the first thing of the kind she ever did.


I can say nothing in my defence; I leave it to the mercy of the court.

GUILTY of stealing the pot to the value of 10 d. W .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-45

51, 52. WILLIAM BAILEY and PATRICK MADAN were indicted for stealing twenty seven pair of silk stockings, value 12 l. the property of Richard Swadle , in the dwelling house of the said Richard , October 30th .


I am a hatter and hosier No. 14, Fenchurch-street . I lost as near as I can ascertain twenty-seven pair of silk stockings on the 30th of October, I suppose them to be worth twelve pounds. At about five o'clock in the afternoon I went out of my shop with an intention to stay in the parlour adjoining to the shop; I left a man behind the counter; I charged him not to go out of the shop without calling me. Contrary to my order, a quarter of an hour after I had been in the parlour, he went into the yard as I have since learned. I heard a noise, I did not go out immediately, supposing my man to be in the shop. Some time after when I went out I saw the prisoner Madan in my shop; I asked him

"what he wanted?" He said


"round hat." I shewed him one, and told him the price was fourteen shillings, he said

"he would give twelve for it;" but before we had settled whether he was to have the hat or not, I heard my niece Margaret Belcher speaking to the journeyman. Then I heard that a parcel of stockings was missing from the counter; one of my men came up and advised me to secure the man (Madan) which I did; we called some more men up, and went in pursuit of the boy; but to no effect.

Were any stockings found upon the prisoner Madan? - No; nor have we found any since.

Then you suspect this boy stole the stockings while Madan was in the shop? - My little niece said a boy passed her in the shop.

( Margaret Belcher , the niece was called; she appeared to be very) young; and upon being interrogated by the court, it appeared she did not understand the nature of an oath; consequently her evidence could not be received.)


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Baron PERRYN .

Reference Number: t17801206-46

53, 54, 55. PATRICK MADAN , JOHN BAILEY , and WILLIAM CHEETHAM were indicted for stealing four gold watch chains, value 20 l. ten garnet hoop rings, value 50 s. three pearl and paste rings, value 20 s, nine gold rings with hairs value 5 l. a gold ring with an onyx set therein, value 6 s. four picture rings, value 3 l. and nine other rings, value 42 s. the property of William Story , privily in his shop .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)


I have lived with Mr. Story five years. He keeps a shop in Sydney's-alley, Leicester-fields . On the 16th of October , about two in the afternoon I was in the shop with a child about six years of age; a person who is not present came in and asked for a pair of silver knee buckles, while I was shewing him the silver knee buckles, Patrick Madan came in and asked for a pair of silver knee buckles; I had three drawers of silver buckles out, shewing these two men. While they were looking at them, Bailey came and asked to see some steel knee buckles. While I was serving the two men with the silver buckles; the one not present, said he had rather have plated buckles; I put the drawer with the silver buckles on one side, and took out a drawer with the plated buckles. I agreed with Madan for a pair of knee buckles at 6 s. 6 d. Then I agreed with the other for a pair of silver-knee buckles; they wanted each of them change for a guinea, which must have been to prolong the time; I sent the child out for change for a guinea; and by that time the middle boy turned out of the shop; I observed he had something in his hands behind him under his coat; I said to

Cheetham where is the person gone, I will serve him; Chteeham ran after him to call him and came no more back; and by that time the two men had got their change for the guineas. When they had got the change they all of them went out; as soon as they were gone out I saw a drawer open which was at the other count er, in which the four gold chains and thirty-six gold rings were kept; I went to the drawer and missed four gold chains and thirty-six fancy rings of different devices. Upon missing them I called the pastry cook's people opposite into the shop and pursued. We have never got any of them again.

When did you last see them in the drawer? - Not a minute before the prisoners came in I had the gold chains in my hand.

Did you see either of the three prisoners, or the other man go to the other counter? - While I was serving the men, Cheetham stood with his hands behind him and his back to the other counter.

These people did not come in all together? - No; the man not present came in first; Madan next; and the two boys directly one after another; but they did not appear to know one another, except the two boys.

How long might they stay in the shop? - About six minutes; we soon agreed for what they cheapened.

Did any other person come into the shop while they were there? - No other person.

Does your shop open into a back room or parlour? - Yes, a parlour.

Was there any person in that room? - No; nor in the house.

Were was the little girl while you was serving them, and Cheetham stood with his back to the other counter? - She was then gone out for change for a guinea; Bailey came up to them to see what they were a buying I did not observe him before; then Bailey went out of the shop. They all three stood before me and Cheetham was behind them at the other counter.

What was the value of the goods you lost? - Between thirty and forty pounds. Madan looked at me, I suppose to see if I observed the boy; he looked at me more than he did at the things he was buying. As soon as they went out I missed the goods; it struck me they were all connected. They all went towards Leicester-fields.

For form sake I must ask you whose property these goods were? - Mr. Story's; he keeps a shop for the sale of these kind of things.


I was in the city when the fact was committed. When the prisoners were taken up I took the last witness to the office and she swore to the three prisoners.

You lost the things mentioned in the indictment? - Yes; I can swear to them all; I lost all the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.)

Madan. She said before the justice she did not look upon me to be connected; and the justice told me he would admit me to bail.

To Croomby. Did you say you did not look upon Madan to be connected with them? - I said I did not look upon him to be a thief when he came in.

Did you say you never thought he was connected with them? - I never did.

Madan. Did not you say I was three minutes in the shop after the rest of the people were gone out? - No, you went out together.


I went in and bought the buckles. I am as innocent as the child unborn.


I am very innocent of it.


I never saw any of the things.

For Madan.


I attend the Rotation-office, Litchfield-street. I was there when Croomby gave her evidence; all I recollect is, she said she thought Madan had not an opportunity to take the things away. He asked if he bought any thing if he did not pay for it? She said he did. He said, do you think I was connected? She said, she did not know; that he came in first.

Did she say he was in the shop two or three minutes after the rest? - I believe she might say some such thing.

Madan. I went in and bought the buckles and came out; there was nobody in the shop; nobody came out with me. I am as innocent as the child unborn.


(Bailey and Cheetham were humbly recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy .)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-47

56. JOHN EDWARDS was indicted for stealing a gallon pewter pot, value 4 s. and a quart pewter pot, value 1 s. the property of Richard Ibbetson , October 31st .


I keep a publick-house in Drury-lane . On the 31st of October, between five and six in the afternoon, the prisoner came to my house for a gallon of beer; he said it was for Mr. Williams, in Steward's-rents. He said he would pay for the beer and take it with him; he did, and had a quart pot to drink it in. I sent my boy to follow him.


Between five and six, I met Ibbetson's boy by Lincoln's-Inn-fields, following the prisoner. He said that man had some beer, and his master wanted him to follow him, and see where he carried the pots to. In the fields he threw all the beer out. I followed him to Weston's Park, there I stopped him, and asked him what he was going to do with the pots; he struck me, and a scuffle ensued. A mob gathering about, I took him into the Sun ale-house, and sent for Mr. Ibbetson.

(The pots were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I live in Weston's Park. I had paid for the beer and was taking it home. I was in liquor; I mentioned a wrong name by mistake. This man came up and knocked me down, and said I was going to steal the pots. He struck me and I struck him again. It is not reasonable I should pay fourteen-pence for beer to throw it into the street. If I had sold the pots I suppose I should not have got so much for them.

GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 10 d. W .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-48

57. SARAH HALSEY was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 12 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 6 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 2 s. and a linen sheet, value 3 s. the property of William Scoffield , December 6th .


I lodge at No. 10, Brick-lane . On Wednesday last I went out of my apartment about four o'clock in the afternoon. I returned again in a quarter of an hour. I found my room door open. I locked it when I went out. I went into my room; I saw the prisoner almost by the fire-place. I asked her what she did there? She said, she was come to enquire for a Mrs. Williams, that she had a letter from her husband, who was on board a ship. I told her that was an idle excuse. She had something in her apron. I called down my shop-mate, Thomas Edwards . Then I snatched at her apron, and my coat, waistcoat, and breeches, and a sheet dropped out.

Prisoner. What he has said is as false as God Almighty is true.

( Thomas Edwards confirmed the testimony of the prosecutor.


I am a constable. I was charged with the prisoner. I found upon her seventeen keys of different sizes, and a chissel, fit to break a door open.


I went to ask for Mrs. Williams. I went up the wrong house by mistake; I found the door open; I came down directly. I never was farther than the door. I never had any of the things. I beg for mercy on account of my condition; I am with child.

GUILTY . Imp. 3 months .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-49

58. MARIA QUEENLAND was indicted for stealing two table spoons, value 5 s. four silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. nine linen sheets, value 9 s. and three linen table cloths, value 2 s. the property of Patrick Quin , October 10th .


The prisoner was my servant . She had lived with me only nine weeks. A child found a pawnbroker's duplicate of a sheet, in the room where she lay; that gave me a suspicion of her. I went to Justice Wright and got a warrant against her and another servant of mine, and a Mrs. Riley, whose name was on the ticket. When the constable came I went down to the prisoner to know if she knew a Mrs. Riley, and finding she did, I took her only up. The sheet I had found the ticket of was not marked. The pawnbroker, after she was committed, found out another sheet, and a spoon, which she acknowledged she had pawned.

Was any promise made to induce her to confess? - I promised before the justice, the first time, if she would confess to all the things I would not prosecute her.

Did she own to the spoon before or after you made the promise? - Afterwards.

Did she acknowledge any thing before you made the promise? - She said before the promise, that she had only pawned one sheet.

Were any of the things found? - Only the two sheets and one tea-spoon. I missed at different times nine sheets, two table-spoons, four tea-spoons, and three table-cloths.

Are you sure they were in the house when she came to live with you? - Yes. About a fortnight before the linen was right, all but one table cloth.


I am a pawnbroker. I have a tea-spoon, which was pledged by the prisoner on the 16th of October, and a sheet which was pledged by Mary Riley .

Did you know the prisoner before? - I never saw her before. She pawned it in the name of Mary Queenland . It is marked E. Q. She told me it was her own.

(The tea-spoon and sheet were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)


I pledged a sheet with Mr. Harrison. The prisoner brought it to my house; she told me she got it from a friend of her's and she wanted to get a little money upon it. She desired me to carry it to the pawnbroker's for her, and she would have it out in a few days. I pawned it for six shillings, and gave her the money.

Did she ever give you any thing else to pawn? - No.


I brought it to her; she knew I was to bring it out on the Monday following. On the Monday I was taken up. I know nothing of the spoons.

GUILTY . Imp. 12 months .

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-50

59. LAWRENCE M'Dermott was indicted for stealing eight yards of lawn, value 15 s. eight yards of handkerchief, value 16 s. and fourteen yards of muslin, value 40 s. the property of George Smith , privately in the shop of the said George , Nov. 7th .


I keep an haberdasher's, milliner's, and hosier's shop , at the corner of David-street, Oxford-street . On the 7th of November, before nine in the morning, I went out of my shop into the parlour; a gentleman, who was in the parlour, told me there was somebody in the shop; I left no person in the shop, and had not been out of it two minutes; I turned my head immediately, and saw the prisoner and another man in the shop; I turned to go into the shop, and they ran out immediately; I pursued the prisoner across Oxford-street into Gee's-court opposite; I overtook him there; as I was going to take hold of him, I saw him drop a piece of muslin containing, about fourteen yards, a piece of lawn, about eight yards, and eight yards of handkerchief; he had them in a working apron which he had on; I immediately seised him; he asked me, what I took him for, that he

never had the goods; I brought him and the goods back into the shop; all the goods had my private mark upon them; he was taken before the magistrate in Litchfield-street, who committed him.


I was walking by; a young man, very genteelly dressed, called to me, and said he would give me a shilling for my trouble, if I would go to 'Squire Baker's, in Portman-square; he put these things in my lap, and this gentleman stopped me with them.

To the Prosecutor. Was the prisoner ever out of your sight, from the time he went out of the shop, till you took him? - Never; I knew he was the person who had the goods, and I followed him.

GUILTY ( Death .)

(He was humbly recommended by the Jury and the Prosecutor to his Majesty's mercy.)

Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-51

60, 61. WILLIAM HETHERINGTON and JOHN SORRELL were indicted for stealing out of a pond, in a garden adjoining and belonging to the dwelling-house of Ann Tulk , widow, twenty gold fish, value 20 s. and twenty silver fish, value 20 s. the property of the said Ann Tulk , Oct. 16th .

Mrs. ANN TULK sworn.

I am a widow , and live near Tottenham church; I have a pond in my garden, in which I keep gold and silver fish; I have lost fish many times; I suppose a dozen, since last July. One Hunsdon, a sheriff's officer, came to me on a Sunday, and asked if one Mr. Sutton lived there? My brother, who opened the door, said No, Mrs. Tulk lived there. He asked my brother, if we had not lost gold fish. My brother said we had. He said he was come to detect rogues and villains; and asked me if I would prosecute, if he told me who they were. He asked me to give it under my hand that I would prosecute. I told Hunsdon,

"I did not know him; I had never seen

"him before. He said he was come to tell me

"of rogues and villains; but would not tell

"me who they were. I would do no such

"thing." He then said, other people had been robbed, that he was going farther, and he went away. I sent for Mr. Townsend, a magistrate, to my house, who discovered that Hunsdon was the receiver of these fish. The prisoners were taken up by the information of one Mitchell: They were brought before Mr. Townsend, and charged with stealing these fish. Hetherington said he was guilty.

Did you make either of them any promise that you would not prosecute them if they confessed? - No, I never saw them till they were brought before Mr. Townsend.

Was any thing said by Mr. Townsend to induce them to confess? - No.

You accused them of stealing your fish? - Yes, by the information of Mitchell; I found part of a letter of Hetherington's on my premisses; I charged Hetherington before the magistrate, and he confessed taking the fish. Sorrell said that he was with Hetherington and Mitchell. I found some fish on the premisses of Hunsdon, which I thought were mine, but I will not swear to fish.

When was the last time you lost fish? - I think on the 5th of October.

Cross Examination.

How large is the bason in which the fish were kept? - Larger than the middle of this place.

Is it paved at the bottom? - It is not, it is a very muddy bottom.

Are there no other but gold and silver fish? - I believe there are tench, I have tried to take the tench.

You lost fish, you do not know that they were stolen, only by the information of Mitchell? - Yes, a great many had been drawn out on the grass, and trodden to pieces.

You could not pick out your little Neptune among this parcel? - I believe I could. Some of them sell for five shillings a pair.

Mr. Alderman TOWNSEND sworn.

I am a magistrate for the county of Middlesex. These men were brought before me, in consequence of a warrant issued against them on a charge of stealing these fish. Immediately as the prisoners came in they confessed themselves guilty. Hetherington said,

I have been exceeding guilty, every thing that falls upon me I deserve. He said Sorrell was drawn in by him and by Hunsdon, who was to receive the fish. The evidence of the time when they stole the fish was doubtful. Hetherington said to Sorrell, You cannot forget the day, it was the day after the great storm; that was, I believe, the night of the 15th or 16th. He further confessed, that he had been there several times before with other people; that he got 80 one night, 30 another, and so on. Sorrell said the bladder was hung upon the tree, and he put the fish into it himself: He said the evidence was more outrageous than the others; that he got into the tree, and shook down the apples; upon which he said to him, You rascal, what are you about? Do you want to make a noise, to cause a discovery?

Was there any thing said to induce them to confess the fact? - There was not.

(The prisoners left their defence to their counsel.)

BOTH GUILTY . N. 1 Year .

Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-52

62. TERENCE SHEEN , BETHIA SMALL , and SARAH LOVELL , were indicted for feloniously and traiterously colouring with a certain material, to produce the colour of silver, a piece of base coin, resembling the silver coin of this realm, called a half-crown , Nov. 3d .

2d count. For colouring a shilling.

3d count. For colouring a sixpence.


I am one of the officers belonging to Shadwell, and attend the Rotation-office. I met a woman, who gave me information that work was carrying on at Sheen's; I went to the house, which is in Farthing-fields , on Friday the 3d of November; I took the person that brought me the information, to relate to the other officers the same she had told me. Mr. Farrell, Mr. Elbey, Mr. Cole, and myself went together to the house; the front windows towards the street were shut up; there is a back room on the same floor; there are lodgers up stairs; there is an entry to the house; the back door of the house was open, we got in at that into the entry; there was a large hole in the door of the back room, which comes into the entry, the door was locked. It was about one o'clock when we went. Through that hole I saw Small and Lovell up towards the windows, their backs were towards me; I could observe they were very busy doing something, but I could not tell what; in less than half a minute Sheen came from the fore room into the back room (the two rooms opened into one another) as soon as I saw Sheen come out of the fore room into the back room, he came to the door, and said, who is there?

He did not see you, did he? - No, but I suppose he heard the noise of our feet in the passage; knowing his voice, we directly broke open the door, and secured him, for fear he should have any fire-arms; we were not a minute securing him; the door and the bed join together in the back room; we broke the door open; Sheen directly threw himself upon the bed, and there we tied him. William Elby afterwards found 20 or 30 counterfeit shillings upon the bed; I left him safe; then Lovell threw this glove down, and ran into the fore room; the fore room stunk of aqua fortis enough to knock one down, there was half a butter firkin full of it; I heard some metal chink; I went into the fore room, and brought Lovell out into the back room. When I was in the back room I said to Mr. Farrell,

"There is a great quantity of bad money in the fore room." He said,

"Do not touch it till I come." I left it for him to take up. I found in the glove four sixpences and two bad shillings; at the same place where the woman was, I found this phial of aqua fortis; in the back room I found another phial of aqua fortis, this scouring-paper, and some metal; under the window there was a sort of dresser, where the women were, which I imagine they had been at work upon. Here is some metal, some pummice-stone, and something they run ingots into. I picked these two shillings and a six-pence from the floor where the women were; I heard them drop, but cannot tell who threw them down. Here is some metal which has been used.

(The several articles mentioned by the witness were all produced in court.) After we had got them all secured, we brought Sheen up to the public-house; Farrel and three or four of us were obliged to hold him while we searched him; we found about 50 s. in his breeches; that was about two hours after we had apprehended him; but we kept his hands tied, so that he could not get rid of the 50 s. While we were busy with Sheen, Lovell made her escape out of the room where we were; Cole and I pursued her, and took her in the necessary; Mr. Cole caught hold of Small's hands, and brought her to us; her hands were as green as grass, and black, as if she had been at work at the money; I examined Lovell, her hands were nothing like that. Here is a receipt I took off the file of Terence Sheen for the rent (producing it.)

Cross Examination.

Does the back door of this house open into the street? - No, into a yard; the door of the yard and the back door were open.

There were no marks on Sheen's hands? - I did not examine them.

Counsel for the Crown.

You saw the money that was found upon the bed? - Yes; there was twenty or thirty shillings in half crowns and shillings I believe.


When we got into the entry, Forrester and Mr. Cole went and peeped in at the key-hole of the door; they came back again and told me that Sheen was in the fore room. Sheen hearing some body in the entry, halloo'd out, who is there? I knew his voice well; I put my foot against the door and broke it open. I was afraid he would do me some injury; the door flew back again to me and I saw Sheen squat himself down upon the bed; I secured him immediately. I found twenty two shillings and two half crowns upon the bed, under his backside.

(Mr. Reuben Flether a monier of the mint, deposed that all the money produced was counterfeit.)

Elbey. I was not present when Sheen was searched; when I had got hold of Sheen, Sarah Lovell made her escape into the fore-room; one of my fellow servants went after her and brought her back again into the back room. This scouring-paper, cork, rubbing stick, sheers, and file, were upon the jam of a window, where the two women prisoners were standing. After I had secured Sheen I went up stairs. I did not examine either of the women's hands; I took care of Sheen.


I went to Sheen's house. This unfinished counterfeit money (producing a large quantity) lay on the counter in the fore room where they had been filing some of the money and some file dust; here is a little of it; I swept up some clippings and some pickle. This tub (producing it) had pickle in it; I bottled it off. Searching Sheen I found this paper of bad money (producing it) in the inside of his breeches; there is about 2 l. 18 s. 6 d. of it.

(Mr. Reuben Fletcher deposed that the money found in Sheen's breeches appeared to be good.)


I went to this house in Farthing-fields with Forrester and the other officers. When we went into the passage we saw a hole in the door; Forrester and I looked through this hole and saw the two women with their backs to us very busy rubbing something, but what I cannot say Sheen came the to door and asked who was there? Knowing his voice we broke the door open; and Elbey secured him. I took hold of Small, upon which she let some thing fall out of her hand; I called to Forrester to pick them up; it was two shillings and a bad sixpence. The middle of her hand was as yellow as gold, and her fingers as black as ink. Farrell said

"you cannot deny this,

"Forrester has the two shillings and sixpence."


I am employed by the mint to attend on these prisoners. I have attended on many of them.

You know the manner in which and the necessary things to produce the colour on money? - Yes; (looks at all the implements produced.) This tub has clearly been used with aqua fortis and water.

That is what is commonly used to produce the colour of silver? - For these fourteen years no other expedient has been used, as has

appeared in this court, to produce the colour; they put them into aqua fortis and water; it comes out black; they then scour the piece with sand which makes it white. This dust appears to have been filed off the edges of some of them; (looks at the half crown) This is of the colour of silver; it is forced to the surface by aqua fortis.

Do all the implements produced make it complete for this business? - Yes; they do.

Is this the prisoner's house? - I believe the landlord is here.

What did he say? - He said it was his house.


I have got my living by industry for many years past. I know nothing of the things being in the house.


I am innocent. I had not been in the house ten minutes; I stood with my clothes on; they d - d me, and said I had soon dressed myself.


I am very innocent of the charge. This gentlewoman called me to go to this gentleman's to buy his bed; she was going to buy his bed. I was not in the house ten minutes.

For the prisoner.


I have known Small about ten or twelve years; she used to go out to work, making bonnets and cloaks, and doing needle work. She is a very honest woman as far as I know. She went out of my house about twelve o'clock on the third day of November.

How near this place is your house? - I don't know where the place is; I live in Brook-street.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-53

63. WILLIAM GLINN was indicted for stealing a pair of callimanco shoes, value 2 s. a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 15 s. a yard and an half of gold lace, value 5 s. a gold hat loop, value 12 d. a black silk cockade, value 3 d. three silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. a linen apron, value 18 d. a linen sheet, value 2 s. a linen pillow-bier, value 8 d. a black silk laced handkerchief, value 2 s. a child's cotton gown, value 5 s. a black mode cloak trimmed with black lace, value 4 s. a pair of worsted stockings, 'value 1 s. a cloth great coat, value 5 s. and a velveret waistcoat, value 5 s. the property of Alexander Duncan , November 22d .


I am the wife of the prosecutor. The prisoner came to our house on the 6th of November, to lodge in the one-pair-of-stairs room. On the 10th of November there being some workmen in the house. I put my shoes and buckles in his room on the bed; he was at home that afternoon backwards and forwards. I came home about ten o'clock, and sent the maid into the room for the shoes and buckles. She said she could not find them. The prisoner was then in the parlour; she saw a hat under the bed, which had been in the box before, and the lace stripped off; I suspected the men who had been at work, and would have gone after them, but was advised not; and the prisoner in particular, put his hand upon my shoulder and advised me not to go after them. That night about ten o'clock, I went up for the child's gown, which was kept in an open drawer in his room; that was gone. I went up stairs to to a band-box, where the cloaks were kept; and they were gone. I came down and said I believed they would take every thing in the house; and wished to bring them to punishment. The prisoner said, if you took the persons and got the things again, I dare say you will not punish them. The next day I suspected the prisoner; I had him taken up. I went up stairs with him; and he said, if I would have patience he would give me an account where all the things were; and I found them at several pawnbrokers.


On the 11th of November, the prisoner pawned two tea-spoons with me, and between that and the 22 d, all the other things mentioned in the indictment (producing them). I

I believe the prisoner is the man, but will not swear it was the prisoner.

( Richard Temple produced the silver buckles which he said he bought of an officer in the army, whom he believed to be the prisoner, but could not swear to him.)

( Elisabeth Ramsey produced a pair of shoes and a sheet, which she believed were pawned by the prisoner, but she said she could not swear to him.)

(The several articles produced were deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Prisoner. I have nothing to say in my defence; I have no witnesses.


Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-54

64. THOMAS DILLEY was indicted for the wilful murther of Robert Curson , the younger , October 8th .

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)

( Isaac Robertson was called and sworn. It appeared he had been afflicted with a paralitick stroke to such a degree as to render him incapable of giving any account of the transaction.)


The night the accident happened I slept in the house opposite, in the first floor. I was waked with something flung against the window; at the same time I heard somebody fall on the ground. Then I heard the prisoner say, Logan, he is dead, he is dead! he has thrown himself out of the window!

What time of the night was that? - I cannot tell. A little after the accident happened and the young man (the deceased) was taken into the house; the watchman called two o'clock. I jumped out of bed almost instantly, and went to the window and saw Dilley at the door with his clothes on.

He appeared to be dressed as he usually was? - Yes.

Did you enter into any conversation with Dilley? - No. I looked out at the window some time and heard the young man groan twice. Dilley went from the door up the lane, and the young man they call Logan, came down.

Was Dilley in the street almost as soon as you heard something fall? - I suppose it was not above the space of a minute at the outside.

You do not know what time of the night it was? - No.

(There being no other evidence in support of the indictment, the prisoner was not put on his defence.)


Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Reference Number: t17801206-55

65. JOHN JAMES was indicted for stealing two wooden boxes, value 12 d. six fans, value 3 s. a pair of leather clogs, value 3 s. a silver box with mother of pearl set therein, value 3 s. a gold ring, value 5 s. and a silver thimble, value 1 s. the property of John Mott , November 7th .

JOHN FOY sworn.

On the 7th of November about half after nine o'clock at night, the prisoner, and another person, who had very much the appearance of a gentleman, came into the warehouse to me at the Castle and Falcon; they asked me if the Nottingham waggon went from thence? I told them it did not; I believed it went from the Bell, in Wood-street, but was not certain. I had no suspicion from their appearance, therefore did not narrowly watch them. I believe I might turn round to the desk again, and did not look at them all the while they were in the warehouse. They hesitated a little and then asked me some more questions. I turned again to look at them; I missed the prisoner out of the warehouse; the other was there. I was going to step to the door to see where the prisoner was; the other rather put himself in my way to hinder me.

You had some little suspicion when you missed the prisoner? - It might be more curiosity than suspicion. When the other put himself in my way, that gave me a suspicion; I believe the person who was left in the warehouse said something to me as I

passed him; I got to the door and saw the prisoner going down the yard with two boxes tied together in his hand. I catched him by the collar and asked where he was going with the boxes? To the best of my remembrance his answer was, to the Bull and Mouth. When I had got him by the collar Mr. Harris and Mr. Mott came up. I delivered the prisoner into their care. They took the boxes into the warehouse; they were two little boxes tied together, and directed to Mr. Barker of Grantham; I had seen them in the warehouse not many minutes before; they were within two yards of me. The prisoner was taken into the tap-room. When the constable came the boxes were delivered into his care.

Prisoner. Do not you recollect I bid you a good night, and you bid me good night? - I recollect no such thing.

How long was he in the warehouse? - I fancy not five minutes.

(The boxes were produced in court by the constable, and deposed by the prosecutor.)


Mr. Mott seems much enraged, because he has been hurt in losing a deal of property; I myself am innocent of what I am charged with; I went into the warehouse to ask a question; when I came out I bid Mr. Foy good-night (it is impossible for a person to take two such boxes out of such a warehouse undiscovered) when I came out they lay in my way; I moved them, as any body else might have done.

(The prisoner called James Keys and Saul Lions , who gave him a good character.)

GUILTY . N. 1 Year .

Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

Reference Number: t17801206-56

66. EMANUEL JACOBS was indicted for stealing four coils of rope, value 5 l. the property of our sovereign lord the king .

(The only evidence in support of the prosecution was one William Shields ; his testimony was so prevaricatory and contradictory in itself; and many parts of it being falsified by the testimony of a gentleman of character, the prisoner was acquitted , and Shields was committed to take his trial for wilful and corrupt perjury.)

Reference Number: o17801206-1

William Edwards Steward , Montague , Benjamin Kinder , Thomas Cox , Samuel Baker , and William Newton Carter , formerly capitally convicted, were executed at Tyburn, on Wednesday the 22d of November. And,

George Bishop , and Margaret M. Lochlin , were executed at Tyburn, on Wednesday the 29th of November.

Reference Number: s17801206-1

The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgement as followeth:

Received sentence of death, Ten.

Michael Daniel , William Thompson otherwise Bennett, Joseph Cook , Joseph Caddie , Elizabeth Hylett , Thomas Brown , Patrick Madan , John Bailey , William Cheetham , and Lawrence M'Dermott.

Navigation 1 Year, One.

David Duckworth .

Confined to hard labour in the house of correction 1 Year, Five.

Samuel Blakey , William Colours , William Bell , Mary Graves , and Elizabeth Wright .

Confined to hard labour in the House of Correction six Months. Four.

Isaac Torrez , John Bear , Samuel Stevenson , and Mary Dewly .

Fined 1 s. and to be delivered to serve in India. One.

Robert Fittenby .

Whipped. One.

Ann Mullins .

Reference Number: s17801206-1

William Edwards Steward , Montague , Benjamin Kinder , Thomas Cox , Samuel Baker , and William Newton Carter , formerly capitally convicted, were executed at Tyburn, on Wednesday the 22d of November. And,

George Bishop , and Margaret M. Lochlin , were executed at Tyburn, on Wednesday the 29th of November.

The rest of the capital convicts were respited during his Majesty's pleasure.

Reference Number: a17801206-1

BRACHYGRAPHY; Or, An easy and compendious SYSTEM of SHORT-HAND, DEDICATED (with Permission) to the KING, The NINTH EDITION, considerably improved according to the present Method By JOSEPH GURNEY , (WRITER OF THESE PROCEEDINGS)

Sold (Price Half a Guinea) by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, Temple-Bar.

The Book is a sufficient Instructor of itself, but if any Difficulties o ccur they shall be removed upon Application to the Author (either personally, or by Letter) without any additional Expence.

*** Trials at Law, and Arguments of Counsel are taken in Short-Hand, by J. GURNEY.

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