Old Bailey Proceedings.
7th December 1774
Reference Number: 17741207

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
7th December 1774
Reference Numberf17741207-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the COUNTY of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 7th, Thursday the 8th, Friday the 9th, Saturday the 10th, Monday the 12th, and Tuesday the 13th of DECEMBER, 1774.

In the Fifteenth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the First SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable John Wilkes , LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.




Sold by T. BELL, (No. 26.) the Top of Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar.



King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable JOHN WILKES , Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir RICHARD ASTON , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench *; Sir JAMES EYRE , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder ++; THOMAS NUGENT , Esq; Common Serjeant ~; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

The *, +, ++, and ~, refer to the Judges by whom the Prisoners were tried.

(L.) London Jury.

(M.) First Middlesex Jury.

(2d M.) Second Middlesex Jury.

London Jury.

George Whitton

William Weald

Joshua Gregory

John Field

Samuel Webb

John Oakes

John William Gallabine

William Jewell

William Bromly

Benjamin Tomkins

Matthew Gibbs

William Wright

First Middlesex Jury.

James Higley

John Greenwood

Thomas Cleane

John Browne

Thorpe Pike

John Moore

David Watts

Henry Emmett

William Thorn

Richard Warwick

Thomas Reddish

Robert Salmon

Second Middlesex Jury.

John Alderson

John Bowers

Francis Bradley

William Suffolk

Stephen Bainton

Alexander Falconer

Luke Hogard

Joseph Wilkinson

John Armitage

John Jerquet

Samuel Featherstone

Thomas Hall

John Whittaker served part of the time in the stead of Joseph Wilkinson .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-1
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > with recommendation
SentencesDeath; Death; Death

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1. 2. 3. (M.) CHARLES ROGERS , WILLIAM OXTOBY , JOSEPH HORTON , and SARAH TAYLOR , spinster, were indicted the first three for that they, in the king's highway on John Gill , did make an assult, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 5 s. and a half guinea and 5 s. in money numbered, the property of the said John .

And Sarah Taylor for receiving the said pair of shoe buckles, well knowing them to be stolen , October 17th . +

John Gill , I am a plaisterer , and live in Cross-lane Long-Acre; I was going to Stoke Newington to see a young woman home on the 17th of October in the evening. We were attacked by three men on foot, between Ball's Pond and Kingsland turnpikes ; it was then about three-quarters after eight o'clock, one of them seized me by the collar of my coat and demanded my money, they had all bludgeons or sticks; I gave them 4 or 5 s. after that one of them came forward and took half a guinea out of my pocket, another struck me a very slight blow on the head with his stick, after which they took my silver buckles out of my shoes, then they left me and went to the young woman and robbed her, and then they all went over the style towards Newington. I saw no more of them till I saw them before justice Welch, which was three or four days after I was robbed; I immediately knew them all three.

Q. Consider the lives of these three men are at stake. Did you take sufficient observation of their persons to be able to swear to them?

Gill. I am very positive and clear that they are the persons: I took great observation of them while they were robbing me; it was a clear moon-light night.

Jane Wellsman , I was along with the last witness at the time he was robbed, he was going with me to Newington, where I lodge. As we were walking from Ball's Pond turnpike towards Kingsland turnpike, at about a quarter before nine o'clock, the prisoner Rogers came to me and demanded my life or my money; I jumped off the causeway into the road and told him I did not know what he meant, I had no money, and I called the watch; he told me if I called the watch any more he would knock my brains out: I told him if he would not hurt me I would give him all my money; he said he would not; I gave him some halfpence, he said this is not all, I told him if he would have patience I would give him all; he said he would take it out if my pocket himself, I said he should not do that, but I would give him all; I took out 4 or 5 s. he said he would feel whether I had not more, then another man came up and stood at my side or held me, I can't be sure which, while Rogers felt in my pocket, but he found no more; then he shook hands with me, said it was necessity had drove him to it, and wished me a good night. There were three men in all. Mr. Gill was a few yards from me at the time. I think I know all the prisoners, but I can't be positive to any but Rogers; I knew Rogers again as soon as I saw him, he was dressed in a darkish, reddish great coat with a velvet collar; he wore his hat cocked up on each side and flapped before.

John Lucas . I am servant to Mr. Mackaway a pawnbroker in Shoreditch; these pair of buckles (producing them) were brought to me upon the 18th of October, between seven and eight in the morning by Sarah Taylor and a man, who I think was Charles Rogers ; they wanted half a guinea upon them; I offered to lend 8 s. they were dissatisfied and went away, but Taylor returned again alone and took 8 s. Taylor produced the buckles.

Gill. These are my buckles.

William Lawrence and John Tubb deposed, that in consequence of an information they had received, they took Rogers, Oxtoby, and Horton, who were in company together at a public house, near Portland Square.

Rogers's Defence.

I am as innocent as a child unborn; I am a brick-maker , I lodge at Mr. Bucker's in Kingsland Road; I was at home and a-bed at the time.

For Rogers.

John Stevens . I have known Rogers about five years, he has worked very hard ever since I have known him for Mr. Adams, of the Adelphi.

John Levingston . I am Clerk to Messrs. Adams' brick-kilns at Totenham-court. Rogers and Oxtoby worked there great part of the summer: Horton has worked there near two

years; I have known no other crime of them but being honest men.

Martha Upshot , Ann Kingsland , and Ann Smith , gave both Rogers and Oxtoby a good character, and John Smith , John Price , John Dennis , Francis Ferne , and Joseph Padmore , who appeared to have but a slight knowledge of Rogers, gave him a good character.

Oxtoby's Defence

I know nothing at all of the robbery. I bought them buckles of one John Kempton in Shoreditch, but I dont know where he is.

Horton's Defence.

I am very innocent of the affair.

Taylor's Defence.

I went with Oxtoby when he pawned the buckles, I thought he came honestly by them.

ROGERS, Guilty, Death .

OXTOBY, Guilty, Death .

HORTON, Guilty, Death .

TAYLOR, Acquitted .

*** They were recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-2

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4. (L.) WILLIAM SMITH , was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief value 10 d. the property of Thomas Wintle , November 4th .

Thomas Wintle . On the 4th of November about 9 or 10 in the forenoon, going along Fenchurch-street , I felt a hand at my pocket, I felt in my pocket and missed my handkerchief, there was no one near me but the prisoner, I followed him, and found the handkerchief between his waistcoat and shirt, (the handkerchief was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.) I am sure I had the handkerchief in my pocket but a minute before, I had just wiped my face with it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to work on the keys, there being nothing to do, as I came back through the city, I found this handkerchief on the ground, I never had my hand in the gentleman's pocket, I am as innocent as a child unborn

The prisoner called his serjeant, who gave him a good character as a soldier .

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-3

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5. (L.) LEWIS SHARKEY was indicted for stealing two pair of mens shoes, value 10 d. the property of William Skuse , October the 27th . ++

William Skuse , I keep a Yorkshire shoe-warehouse . On the 27th of October between 8 and 9 o'clock in the evening, the prisoner came into my shop, he said he had burst the upper leather of his shoe, and asked my man to give him credit for a pair of shoes, I bid my man tell him I would do no such thing, then he came through the shop to me, and said he lived in credit, that he knew several people in the neighbourhood, whose names he mentioned; I thought he might be distressed and agreed to let him have a pair. As soon as he was gone out of the shop, a person came in and said he had robbed me, my man went after him, and brought him back, and these two pair of shoes, (producing them) were found in his pocket, he took them out of his pocket himself before the constable came.

James Dale . I am servant to Mr. Skuse On the 27th of October, the prisoner came to my master's shop, and asked if my master was at home, I said yes, he said he had had a misfortune with his shoe, he lifted up his foot and shewed me the upper leather of his shoe was burst; I told him to sit down, and I would sit him with a pair, he said he had another misfortune, he had no money about him, I told him my master would not trust any body, he said he lived in good credit and his name was Collins, and desired me to go and ask my master, who at last, told me to let him have a pair of shoes, the first pair I fitted on he did not like, I fetched another pair, tried them, and said they would do very well, I put the other shoes on his feet, and he bid me good night and went out; as soon as he was gone out, a young man came in, and told me he looked through the window and saw the prisoner take two pair of shoes; I went after him, he was then stooping and taking off the new shoes and putting on his old ones, I brought him back and charged him with having shoes about him that did not belong to him, he then pulled them

out of his pocket. (The shoes were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.

William Shaw . I was coming along the Strand, at the corner of Essex-street, I saw the prisoner and some people about him, I asked what was the matter; they said, he had been in several shops, and they thought he wanted to defraud somebody, I followed him through Temple Bar, I saw him go into the prosecutors shop, I looked through the window, the last witness went into the parlour, while he was gone I saw the prisoner take a pair of shoes off the shelf and put them in his pocket, the man returned and then the prisoner went into the parlour; when he returned I saw the shop-man sitting on a pair of shoes; they would not do; while he was reaching another pair, I saw the prisoner take another pair of shoes and put under his coat, when he came out I went in and informed them of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

If I had time, I could bring many people to my character.

For the Prisoner.

- Stottle, I am a printer, I have known the prisoner several years, he did keep a publick-house, but he has failed in trade, he has bore a good character.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-4

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6. (L.) ANDREW ELDER was indicted for stealing twelve steel razors, value 20 s. the property of Gabrial Sprouls , October 29th . ++

Gabrial Sprouls. I live in King-street, Seven Dials, I lost a dozen razors, at the corner of the Fleet-Market , they were taken out of my pocket, I felt them going out of my pocket, I turned round and took hold of the prisoner, and I saw him conveying the razors to another person, who I could not lay hold of, they were tied up in a whity brown paper.

Q. Did you see the paper of razors in his hand?

A. Yes. I took the prisoner to the Compter.

Prisoner's Defence

I was going to Fleet-Market, I was before the prosecutor, he laid hold of me, and said I had his handkerchief, then he said I had a dozen of Razors, I know nothing of them.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-5

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7. (L.) JAMES WILSH was indicted for stealing a silver tea spoon, value 2 s. the property of Lewessee Cortall and George Cowles , October 31st . ++

George Cowles . I am a goldsmith and jeweller , in partnership with Mrs. Cortall; the prisoner came to the shop with apples, she bought as many of him, as came to 3 s. and put the money down for them, the spoon lay by the money, as he was taking it up, I went with her to the door, she was going out, when I returned, I missed the spoon, I went after her, and asked her if she knew what was become of the spoon, she said she did not, then I said the man has got it, he was then at the door, I brought him in, and charged him with it, but did not find it upon him, I desired my man to follow the ass, I thought it might be in the panniers on the ass, my man went, and came back with the spoon; when it was brought in, he said he did not know that he took it; there was another boy with him, but he was never in the shop.

Richard Ware . I am servant to Mr. Cowles, I found the spoon in one of the prisoners panniers, amongst the litter.

Prisoner's Defence.

If I took the spoon, why did not the prosecutor stop me before I went out.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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8. (L.) JOHN PURVISS was indicted for stealing an hempen sack, value 2 s. the property of William Wilcox , November 26th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-7
VerdictNot Guilty

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9. (L.) WILLIAM MINNS , was indicted for stealing an ounce and three quarters of silver, value 8 s. the property of Adrian Easting , November 21st . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-8

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10. (M.) WILLIAM FRENCH , was indicted for stealing 100 lb. weight of hempen yarn, value 20 s. the property of Sir Charles Raymond , baronet, and Co. October 22d . +

A Witness. I saw the prisoner, go towards Sir Charles Raymond and company's warehouse on the 22d. of October, it was rather dark, so I did not see him get in, I lost sight of him at the warehouse window, I waited there, I saw him put a bundle of yarn out of the warehouse, I saw him come out afterwards and I pursued him and took him, with the yarn upon him.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-9

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11. (M.) LEWIS LEGAY , was indicted for stealing a gold ring, with diamonds set therein, value 50 l. the property of Thomas Green , October 12 . +

Thomas Green. The prisoner lived as a footman with me, from the 14th of May to the 6th of October, I did not miss this ring while he was in my service, but about the 28th of October, having occasion for it, I found the case, in which it used to be kept, in my bureau, empty, I sent up to town, and procured some intelligence, in consequence of which, I have been able to trace this ring through several hands.

William Warree . I am a jeweller at Temple-Bar, the prisoner about six weeks ago, brought a diamond ring to me, and changed it with me for a gold watch and chain, he said he was going to France. I sold the ring to one Jacobs.

- Jacobs. I bought a ring of Mr. Warree, which I sold to Mr. Polock.

Polock. I sold the ring to Mr. Plank.

Plank. I broke the ring up, I returned the diamond and the setting to Mr. Polock.

- Polock. I have got the diamond so returned, and the setting is in the hand of Henderson.

Henderson produced the setting and Diamonds.

Green. I can swear to the setting and diamonds, the setting is made in a very particular fashion, according to my own fancy.

- Henderson. I originally set the ring, it is a very particular one, such as I never had before nor since, I am positive this is the setting I made for Mr. Green.

Green. I lost it out of my bureau, it was kept there in a case, I did not use it very often, I did see it one day I think in August, the prisoner did once see me put it up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the ring in the passage.

Guilty . T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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12. (M.) RICHARD STEVENS was indicted for that he in the king's highway, in and upon John Quick did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person a gun, value 30 s. a guinea and 2 s. in money numbered, the property of the said John . *

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s; Not Guilty

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13. (2d. M.) JAMES STEWART and EDWARD JONES were indicted for stealing an amethyst, pearl, and garnet ring set in gold value 24 s. the property of Charles Rapley , privately in the shop of the said Charles . Oct. 24 . +

Charles Rapley , I was out on the 24th of October at the time this thing happened; when I returned home I missed this ring, and by the description of the persons my wife told me had been there, I was satisfied the prisoner, Stewart was one of them.

Mary Rapley . On the 24th of October the prisoner, Stewart and two other men, the other men I cannot speak positively to; as to the the prisoner Jones, I have some notion he is one, but I cannot be positive to him, but I am positive to Stewart; they came into my shop between three and four o'clock in the afternoon; Stewart asked to look at some shirt buckles, I took out a drawer which contained buckles and rings; he looked over the shirt buckles and shook them about. I suspected from his manner he had some other purpose than to buy: at last he agreed for a shirt buckle, then he asked to look at some silver buckles; he agreed for a pair of them, when he had done he put his hand into his pocket and said he had not money enough to pay for them, and he asked his two campanions to lend him the money; they each said they had not money enough; then he asked me to send the maid with them and his father

would advance the money. I sent the maid with them; when she was gone I missed a ring; I had not recollection enough of the ring that was missing to know what sort of a ring it was, but I could see plainly there was a ring missing. I recollected that while they were bargaining, the maid pulled me by the sleeve, which confirmed me in my suspicions, and I concluded the maid saw something which made her suspect them.

Question from Stewart. What was my dress, did not you say it was brown before Sir John Fielding's, whereas I was dressed in scarlet?

Mr. Rapley. No, I never said any thing about his dress.

Elizabeth Daw . I am servant to Mr. Rapley, I was called up stairs upon the 24th of October, by my mistress, when I found three people in the shop; the prisoner Stewart and Jones were two of them; I can swear to Jones: they were bargaining for shirt and shoe buckles; I thought I saw Stewart put his hand into his pocket, whether he had any thing in his hand or no I cannot tell, but I took notice of the circumstance; Stewart having agreed for a shirt buckle and a pair of shoe buckles, and he not having money enough nor the other money enough to lend him; he proposed I should be sent with him to his father who would advance the money, I went with them, they took me as far as New-street, and then Stewart turned into Bedford-bury and said he was going to his father for the money, and bid me go on with the other men. I did go on with them as far as the end of Bedford-street, and then the third man, that is not here, said he would go and see if he could find Stewart: so he left me alone with Jones; Jones took me to the Constitution, a public house in Bedford-street, and kept me there about half an hour, then he asked me if Stewart had got the buckles, for if he had he might probably make off with them, that he did not know much of him, he had only been at sea with him; then the third person came to the public house, and said it was to no purpose to wait any longer for Steward for he believed his father was angry with him for pretending to lay out so much money, and I might as well go home. I went home, and then I heard that a ring was missing,

(The ring produced in court by Timothy Barker the pawn-broker.

Charles Rapley . I am a workman and able to speak to the work of the ring, I have examined it, and am confident it is my ring.

Mary Rapley . I am sure it is our ring.

Barker. This ring was brought to me on the 27th. in the forenoon by Stewart and offered to pledge. I told him I had some reason to think it belonged to a jeweller in St. Martin's Court, and he must stay till I could send there; he said he would stay; there were several people in the shop, therefore I did not apprehend he would run away: I stept into the back shop for something, when I came back, the prisoner, Stewart was gone out of the shop; they told me he was gone to the door to bring in the man that he said had sent him with the ring. I found Stewart near the door, with one hand upon the bridle of a horse upon which there was a man and one foot upon the stirrup as if in the act of mounting the horse; I went up to him and said he must not go, he must go with me to St. Martin's Court, upon which he disengaged himself from the horse and instantly ran away: I pursued him, and after some time overtook him and brought him back. I talked of carrying him immediately before Sir John Fielding , but he desired first to go to St. Martin's Court. Mrs. Rapley said as soon as she saw him that he was the man, and that was her ring,

Question from Stewart. Whether I had not told you I had the ring of a man at the door?

Barker, I do not recollect any suchthing; the prisoner said that he was the finisher of the ring.

Stewart. Whether I did not tell you the man on horseback was the man that had sent me with the ring, and desired you to stop him?

Barker. He did not do that.

Stewart's Defence.

I took nothing out of the shop. I met a man at the Lemon-tree in the Haymarket, he owed me a little money, I asked him for the money, he said he had nothing but a which if I would pledge, he would pay me; and I bid the pawn-broker step to the door with me to the man that gave it me.

Jones's Defence.

I had no connexion with Stewart; I did

happen to be with him in this shop, but it was by mere accident, having met with him and we drank together, and as I was going the same way, I stepped in with him into this shop, but that was all; whether Stewart did or not steal any thing, I cannot tell. Stewart did leave us as the maid said, at the end of Bedfordbury, I thought he was going to his fathers, as he said, but not returning, I thought it not likely he would come, there we parted.

Stewart, Guilty of stealing to the value of four shillings and ten pence , T .

Jones, Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-12
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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14. (2d, M.) MARY SAMPSON was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets value 5 s. three blankets value 3 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 1 s. a frying pan value 1 s. a looking glass value 2 s. a check curtain, value 2 s. two flat irons, value 1 s. a bolster, value 1 s. and two pillows, value 2 s. the property of James Brown , the said goods being in a certain lodging room, let by contract by the said James, to the said Mary , October 10th . *

The prisoner on her trial, acknowledged that she pawned the articles mentioned in the indictment, but pleaded in extenuation of the crime, that she was reduced to the the greatest distress and pawned them in oder to furnish her absolute necessities. The prosecutor declared in court, that she always paid his rent previous to this time, and behaved very well.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-13

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15. (2d. M) THOMAS FENBY was indicted for stealing a hand saw, value 3 s. a pannel saw, value 2 s. a key hole saw, value 6 d. a smoothing plane, value 6 d. a stock and drill, value 4 d. an iron chissel with a wooden handle, value 6 d. an iron grinding-stone handle, value 6 d. six iron stay hooks, value 6 d. two hundred iron nails, value 6 d. three yards of sash line, value 2 d. and a quarter of a pound weight of glue, value 1 d. the property of Thomas Ford , October 25 . *

Thomas Ford . I am a carpenter , and live in St. Matthew, Bethnal-Green, I left my work on the 25th, at Mr. Paynes, who is steward to the Rev. Mr. Neave. The door was locked with two locks, where I left the tools, there was a dead wall, nine feet high before the yard. On the 26th of October, when I came back to work, I found the door loose, both the locks wrenched off, and in that yard which the work shop is over, there were laths, one was broke out, so as for a person to get in, out of this shop I lost the several tools mentioned in the indictment.

(The tools were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Samuel Bundy . I am a watchman of St. Leonards, Shoreditch, on the 25th of October about twelve at night, I saw the prisoner going along with a bag, I said what have you got there to which he said he had got his tools, I put my hand behind him, and found he had a saw between his coat and waistcoat, I asked him why he carried it so, and not in the bag, I took him to the watch-house, at the watch-house he said the tools were his own, that he had been at work at Bethnall-Green, and that he had been drinking with a partner, which made him so late home, I looked at the things, there was T. F. upon the plane, and that being a different mark to what he told me his name was, I suspected him. I asked him where he lived, he said at No. 110, in Skinner-street, whereas, No. 69, is the highest number there.

Prisoner's Defence.

I met one John Foster at an ale-house he had left some tools with the man, he desired me to take these things and leave with the rest and he would call for them on the morrow morning.

He called three witnesses, who gave him a good character.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-14

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16. (L.) SAMUEL LUTFORD was indicted for stealing two live pigeons, value 3 s. 6 d. the property of Edward Yates , November 23d . +

Edward Yates . I am a stationer in Aldersgate-street , I came down in the morning of the 23d. of November, my clerk informed me, I had lost a pair of pigeons, they were kept in a box, under a water butt in the yard, he said they were cut out of the place, I found them afterwards at one Mr. Emmery's the corner of Fleet-market.

Richard Wilsmore . I am a servant to Mr. Yates. I saw the pigeons four days before they were lost, and know them to be my master's property.

- Everitt. I am clerk to Mr. Yates, on Wednesday the 23d. of October, I went to feed the pigeons, and found they were cut out, my master sent me to make enquiry after them, I went to Mr. Simpson's, the corner of the New-Road to enquire after them, on the Friday following, Mr. Simpson sent word he had heard of them, that they were at the house of Mr. Emery. I went with the prisoner to Mr. Emery's in Fleet-Market, where he told me he had sold them; he owned he had stole the pigeons, and said he, hoped his master would not transport him, he was apprentice to Mr. Yates, and was turned away for theft.

Question. Did he tell you how he stole them.

Everitt. He said he got over the cart wheel and cut them out, there is a cart wheel under the place where they were.

Robert Emery . I am a fruiterer in Fleet-Market, two men brought the pigeons to my shop. my young man desired to have them, and I paid three shillings and six-pence for them. I don't know whether the prisoner is one of the men.

(The pigeons were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-15
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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17. 18. (2d M.) JOHN WILLIAMS and PATRICK COGGAN , were indicted for stealing one silver table-spoon value twelve shillings; one silver pap spoon, value three shillings; sixteen pieces of silver, called silver sizes, value two shillings; and thirty-three pounds in money, numbered, the property of George Venables , in the dwelling house of the said George , October 18th .

Second count. For stealing a bank note for ten pounds; one other bank note for twenty pounds, and one other bank note for twenty pounds. The said bank notes at the time of committing the said felony, being the property of the said George Venables , and the several sums of money payable and secured by the same, being then due and unsatisfied to the said George Venables the proprietor thereof, against the statute, &c.

George Venables . I keep the sign of the Bunch of Grapes in the Tower , just within the third gate, on this side Traitors Bridge, it is in the county of Middlesex; I take out my licences from the justices of the Tower division. On the 18th of October, between twelve and one o'clock, John Williams called for three pennyworth of rum and water, and the news. He had had some liquor before, which I did not serve, I ordered my wife to make it, just after that I went up for the paper, and I saw Coggan stand against the door; I asked him why he stood against the door, I dont know whether he made me any answer, he would not open the door, at last I forced it open, when I went in, I saw a door open that goes into another room, (there are two or three inner rooms); I asked him how the door came open, he said, he did not know, I then seized him by the collar and called for my servant, then turning my head, I saw Williams in one of the inner rooms, not the farthest; as I had hold of Patrick Coggan , Williams slipt by me, I pulled Coggan to the window and called to the people below to stop Williams, a person that is here, stopped him on the stairs, when he was secured, I went back to see what I had lost, I found a box had been taken out of the cupboard, in the inner room, the cupboard was locked, I saw the box, I keep my money in, on the bed, it contained two bank notes of twenty pounds, one of ten pounds, seven guineas in a bag, seven guineas loose, and five quarter guineas, in another p art of the box, and seven silver sizes. These were all taken out of the box, I ran back and told the grenadier who had stopped Williams, what I had lost; the grenadier then gave me a silver tea spoon, the three bank notes, a canvas bag with seven guineas, and I believe the silver sizes. I then went back to see what was lost from the bottom of the cupboard, from whence I missed thirteen pounds, in half crowns, and a guinea; on my return again, my wife had all the money in her apron, they kept Williams in custody, 'till I got a constable: I have got all my property again, it was all found on Williams, the grenadier found the things on Williams that he delivered to me.

Cross Examination.

Q. The grenadier brought you the money?

Venables. Yes, when I said the prisoner had robbed me, the grenadier said here it is.

Q. You did not see him take it from the prisoner?

Venables. No.

Q. Did you see the prisoners come in together?

Venables. No, they did not come in together.

Q. How do you describe the place where you live, what parish do you live in?

Venables. I do not know, I pay no taxes.

Q. As to these bank notes, they had numbers, had they not?

Venables. They had numbers, but I so often change for my neighbours I never take account of the numbers. These are the bank notes [producing them] they have been in my custody ever since they were marked, directly after.

Q. There was no mark upon them before the robbery?

Venables. No.

Q. How do you know they are your notes?

Venables. Because I found upon him exactly the same sum I lost.

Q. Was the purse delivered back to you from the grenadier as well as the money?

Venables. Yes.

Q. Where is it?

Venables. At home.

Q. Are you sure it is your purse?

Venables. Yes, I received the purse with seven guineas and the table spoon from the grenadier, the spoon lay on the side board.

William Kerrison . On Tuesday the 18th of October, as I was standing by the water-gate, I heard Mr. Venables call out, stop that fellow; I ran to the stairs, and met Williams; seeing me he retreated, I followed him up stairs; I said, I believe you must be the man: I took him by the collar and took him into the tap-room, and I told him, if he had any thing of the landlord's about him he might as well deliver it; he said he would deliver it. As Mr. Venables was coming into the room he delivered me the notes and a canvas bag; I delivered them to Mr. Venables, and he went out of the room again as soon as I delivered them, Mrs. Venables came in and said she had lost her half crowns; I put my hand to his coat pocket and felt something; then I put my hand in his pocket and took out some of the half crowns; he gave Mrs. Venables the rest. I asked him if he had any more of the landlord's property, he said he had only a few shillings of his own; I felt in his breeches pocket and found two or three shillings and a sort of a coronation medal, which I thought might be his own property, and therefore I gave him them again.

Question. Did you find a silver spoon upon him?

Kerrison. I believe I took out the spoon with the half crowns; I gave all to the landlord; I put my hand in another pocket and found five or six keys, another person put his hand in his pocket and pulled out five or six more. I have lost the keys out of my pocket; they were pick-lock keys, some of the wards were open.

Ann Venables . I remember Coggan and Williams being in the house, I was not present when Williams was taken; I went up into the room, there was a crowd of people, and Williams was in custody: I asked what was the matter? Somebody told me we were robbed. I saw it was the same man I had before served with rum and water: somebody called me to take the money. The warder held his sword before Williams, Williams told me not to be afraid, he would deliver me my property: I went, and held my lap, and he put in thirteen pounds in half crowns, eight guineas, five quarter guineas, and a silver spoon, and two pounds fifteen shillings and sixpence in shillings and sixpences; I am positive to the sum, my husband had it put down every day.

Cross Examination.

Question. Had you reckoned this money in the drawer?

Venables. No, I saw the half crowns stand in pounds in the cupboard.

Question. When did you reckon them?

Venables. It might be the day before, or the day before that.

George Venables . I had exactly those particular sums: the two pounds fifteen and sixpence being finer silver than common, I wrapped it up in a paper.

Charles Robinson . On Tuesday the 18th of October, I went to Mr. Venables': going up the stairs I met John Vaughan coming down with a chissel in his hand; one of the warders was coming down stairs; Vaughan said, this is the thing that has done it. The warder said, done what? Vaughan said, there were some people up stairs had broke open Mr. Venables' room: I ran up stairs immediately and saw Kerrison and Williams in the room: just as I came into the room, Kerrison said, you shall not go; he seemed to want to get away; I shoved him down on a bench in the room, then came up the gentleman-warder and the prisoner delivered a silver spoon, three papers and a bag to Kerrison; after this the gentleman-warder said, search his pockets and see if there is any thing about him. I put my hand to his left hand pocket and found something weighty; Williams said, I should not take it out; Mrs. Venables came, and he delivered a great quantity of half crowns to her; when he had delivered her the half crowns I took five pick-lock keys out of his pocket, then a man, who is a servant there, desired me to follow him into the room where Coggan was. and desired me to search if there was any fire arms about him. I searched him but found nothing. This key [producing it] I found in Williams's pocket: I have had it ever since.

John Vaughan . On the 18th of October, between twelve and one, I was going into my own house I heard Mr. Venables call out of the window stop that man on the stairs, the grenadier stopped him. I went up stairs, I saw Coggan in a room standing by the fire place and scratching the ashes over something: I ran to him and asked him what he was hiding there? I searched, and found a chissel under the ashes. I said, you villain this is what you have been doing the robbery with: there was no body in the room but him.

Cross Examination.

Question. You did not see him put it there?

Vaughan. I saw him scratch the ashes over it.

Williams's Defence.

I leave it to my counsel; as to Coggan, I know nothing of him.

Coggan's Defence.

I went into the tap-room and called for three pennyworth of liquor: I was very much in liquor: this gentleman came into the room and pushed me out of the chair almost, I never saw this man (Williams) before.

WILLIAMS Guilty Death .

COGGAN Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-16
VerdictNot Guilty

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19. (2d. M.) ELIZABETH WILSON was indicted for stealing twenty-two pair of linen sheets, value 22 s. the property of the inhabitants of the parish of St. Martin's , October the 27th .

2 d. Count. Laying them to be the property of Thomas Noble , Godfrey Major , John Judson , Robert Mabberly , and William Hewson .

3 d Count. The property of Nathaniel Stock . 4th Count. the property of persons unknown. ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-17
VerdictsNot Guilty

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20. 21. (2d M.) JOHN BUNCOMB and ISAAC MARTIN were indicted; the first for stealing eleven skains of silk, commonly called Bengal silk, value 4 s. the property of John Dutch ; and the other for receiving the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen . November the 8th . *

Both Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-18
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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22. (2d M) ELIZABETH DAVIES was indicted for stealing a pair of laced lappets, value forty shillings, five yards, and a quarter of a yard of narrow lace edging, value eighteen shillings; a green silk ribband, value six-pence; two yards of silk ribband, value six-pence; two muslin handkerchiefs, value four shillings; a yard and a half of black silk lace, value sixpence; a yard of white lace, value one shilling; a velvet collar, value six-pence; a lace robbin, value one shilling, and a quarter of a yard of white farsnett, value six-pence , the property of Michael Lesinne . December the 3d .

The prosecutor was called, but not appearing his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-19
VerdictNot Guilty

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(24. M.) SAMUEL WATSON was indicted for stealing five pounds weight of yarn, value twenty-pence , the property of John Stranger , November 9th . *

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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25, 26, 27. (M.) ROBERT STREET , ROBERT SMITH and JOHN SMITH were indicted for coining and counterfeiting a piece of false and counterfeit money, to the likeness and similitude of the good and lawful money of this realm, called a Halfpenny , November 9th . +

All three acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-21

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28. 29 (M.) THOMAS BAILIS and THOMAS DAY were indicted for coining and counterfeiting a piece of false, feigned and counterfeit copper-money, to the likeness and similitude of the good legal copper-money of this realm, called a Half-penny , December the 2d . +

John Clarke . In consequence of an information I had received; I went to the house in which I understood the prisoner Day lived; I went first to the back of the house which opens into a Tenter-Ground, but by mistake I went into the wrong house; when I came out again, I saw Day coming out of the back door of the right house, I desired Parker to go after him, which he did, and brought him back, and I found in his hand a key, which key I took from him, and in his breeches-fob a punchin, the use of which is to stamp a die, the reverse of an Irish half-penny; with the key I took from Day, I unlocked a cellar door belonging to the house; in that cellar we found this instrument (producing a large coining engine) it was fixed and ready for working, there were a pair of dies in it, and a halfpenny between the dies; the halfpenny is made in imitation of the copper coin of this realm; there was another halfpenny by the side of the dies, some finished halfpence lying about, and a quantity of blanks ready cut; there was a fire in the cellar, a kettle on the fire, and blanks in the kettle, the blanks are put into a kettle in order to boil off the scurf which is upon copper, and which prevents the impression being made so strong by the instrument as it should be; I found a punchin for a die for the reverse of an English halfpenny, I searched the garret, and in the garret I found a press which may be made use of for the cuting out of round blanks; and there was a blank lodged in this press at the time we found it, and there were a quantity of blanks round it; the prisoner Day's wife was in the kitchen, and the prisoner Bailis, was there with his coat off, and Bailis, wife brought in a seive, which seive is likewise an instrument they do make use of in the process of coining copper-money.

John Parker . I was along with Clarke, Day came out of the house, he ran away, I pursued him, he made a blow at me and missed me, then he said he would surrender, I brought him back, I found Day's wife in the kitchen, Day said he was just cleared from the King's Bench, and that he did it through want, I said to Bailis, are not you an old fool to get into such a scrape as this in your old age? Bailis said, he did it by his master's direction, and we could not hurt him, Bailis was as black as a chimney-sweeper and without his coat. I saw Mr. Clarke take the key from Day which opened the cellar: Day told Mr. Clarke that this was the key of the cellar: I did not go into the cellar with Mr. Clarke at the first time; I kept Day in custody while Mr. Clarke went to see what was in the cellar, afterwards I went into the cellar and saw the instrument fixed with the halfpence and the fire.

Percival Philips . I was in the garrett, I saw the cuting out instrument there and the blanks, and the parcel of copper halfpence, that have been produced in court.

Bailis's Defence.

The reason of my being so black and without my coat, was not by having any thing to do with coining, but I had been carrying coals for a person in the neighbourhood; I was only in the passage at the time they found me.

Day's Defence.

The house was not my house, though the key that was found upon me opened the cellar, yet that key belonged to a lock in my own house; I did not say I did it for want.

Both Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-22

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30. (M.) AMOS MERRITT was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house

of Edward Ellicott , on the 26th of October , about the hour of two in the morning, and stealing a shagreen tea chest mounted with silver, value five pounds, two silver tea cannisters, value eight pounds, a silver sugar basket, value three pounds, two silver sauce boats, value six pounds, twelve silver desert spoons, value six pounds, four silver tea spoons, value ten shillings, a silver salt ladle, value two shillings, a silver sauce ladle, value fifteen shillings, a silver filligree quadrille pool, value three shillings, a gold chased watch case, value eighteen pounds, a gold chased watch chain, value eight pounds, a stone snuff box mounted in gold, value eight pounds, a paper machie snuff box mounted in gold, value forty shillings; a miniture picture set in gold, value five pounds, an enamelled locket in metal, value forty shillings, a pair of garnet ear-rings, value ten shillings, two pair of garnet spriggs for the hair, value ten shillings, two silk purses. value five shillings, a shagreen pocket book with a silver clasp and pencil, value five shillings, a pair of bead ear-rings, value two shillings, a stone earring, value one shilling, four metal rings, value one shilling, three silver medals, value three shillings, a gilt metal etwee, value five shillings, a walking cane with a gold head, value eight pounds, a walking cane with a metal head, value five shillings, a clock, value forty shillings, and two, two guinea pieces the property of the said Edward, in his dwelling-house . *

Mr . Edward Ellicott . I live in Hornsey-lane, near Highgate , it is in the parish of St. Mary, Islington. On Wednesday the 26th of November, I was waked as near as I can judge about three o'clock by Mrs. Ellicott. She asked me what noise that was? I told her, I apprehended the servants were moving the tables in the passage. She said, that could not be, for it was quite dark. She rang the bell, upon which we heard some people coming upon the stairs. The first word I heard was, come up directly. We jumped up out of bed immediately. Mrs. Ellicott, slept on the side of the bed nearest the door. When I was out I heard my daughter's room door open, which is on the same floor, (the two pair of stairs) I heard somebody in the passage say, D - n your bloods we will murder every soul in the house. Mrs. Ellicott cried out, almost immediately, Lord bless me, the door is open; it fastens with a drop-bolt. I had forgot to fasten it, it was open and somebody was coming in; she went to the door and pushed it close; I hurried as fast as I could to the door; while she was at the door, a person said, D - n you if you do not open the door, I will murder every one of you, or to that effect, which voice was the same as the prisoner's at the bar. I did not see the person.

Question. How soon after did you hear the prisoner speak?

Ellicott. I think it was on the Friday, this was Wednesday the 26th, (on Friday the 28th I saw the prisoner.) when I came to the door I thought I could have pushed it too; but I found there was something put to prevent our shutting it, then Merritt called out to some others to come up directly, he called out come up directly. The door then was attempted with a considerable force: (there was a hanger with a scabbard put in between the door and the door post) by a great number; how many I cannot tell; when I found that by my own force, I could keep them from coming in. Mrs. Ellicott went across the bed to reach me a pair of loaded pistols that I had at my bed side; and at the same time rang the bell again very hard. I could not tell at first what they had put into the door; I took it to be a piece of stick, and Mrs. Ellicott tried to break it: on the bell being rung, the servants who lay over our heads came down: I still kept the door fast: I found then I could get it closer than before, so as to drop the bolt down and fasten the door; as soon as I had done that, I ran and threw up the sash which looks into the lane, and called out thieves: I saw my own three servants in the street in their shirts, they asked me which way they were gone; my servants did not say any thing to me as they came down stairs, so that I did not know that they were gone down. I opened the door and went down. After they had dressed themselves, I sent them on horseback in pursuit of the robbers; then I raised some carpenters that were at work in the neighbourhood, and they also went in pursuit; and I sent information to Sir John Fielding 's.

Question. You did not see any of them?

Ellicott. No. I lost the several articles mentioned in the indictment, ( repeating them.)

Question. Did you find any of these things again?

Ellicott. Respecting the thirty-hour alarum there was an advertisement in the news-paper some days after that such a thing had been

found in the fields near the sluice-house, a few days after. My house is remarkably well secured; the window-shutter they broke in at is a strong deal-shutter, there is a strong iron bar that goes across; when I came down, upon finding they were gone out of the house, I went to see how they came in; the rabbit of that joint of the shutter; was cut so as to get at the hinges, and the hinges were forced off; I apprehend they had bent the bar, so as to slide one part of the shutter behind the other, then there was a vacancy for them to get in; ( they are folding shutters) this let them into the back kitchen; when they had got there, the door that comes out of that kitchen into the common kitchen is very strong, it was bolted in the inside; they wrenched that bolt quite off, that let them into the common kitchen, the door out of that kitchen that leads into the body of the house was bolted as the other, and that was likewise broke open.

Question. Where was the plate left?

Ellicott. My orders are always, that the plate should be carried up into a place made on purpose in the room the servants lie in; but the footman negligently left them below when they went away. On my squeezing the room door so fast to keep them out, they could not get away the scabbard, but they drew the hanger out and left the scabbard behind. When the prisoner was taken, there was a hanger found without a scabbard that fits it, this is the scabbard that was left in my door; (producing it) I observed when the scabbard was between the door that Mrs. Ellicott tried to break it off; the hanger goes in just so far, if it hadgone quite to the end, she could not have bent it at all.

Question. How do you know the hanger was in the scabbard at the time Mrs. Ellicott attempted to break it?

Ellicott. I felt them attempt to draw it out, and after they had drawn it out, I was able to shut the door.

George Winn . I found this hanger (producing it) in Merrit's lodgings in Mill-yard, Rosemary-lane.

Question. Does any one else live there?

Winn. One Ann Wilson that he lives with: I found it in a drawer in the lower part of the house: I found all these tools there; ( producing some chissels, picklocks, &c. &c.)

Prisoner's Defence.

These things belong to the woman of the house; she lived with one Frank Talbot . +

+ Talbort was some time since executed for a burglary.

Mr. Ellicott. Here is a piece of a small cupboard door that is broke open, it appears upon examination, that one of these chissels exactly fits the place where it is broke open; at one end there is a kind of claw which answers exactly to the marks; at the small end here is a little gap, there is even the mark of that gap upon the door.

Mr. Ellicott's Cross Examination.

Question. You was waked out of your sleep?

Ellicott. Yes. I heard the noise which confused me.

Question. There was a great deal of noise in the house I suppose?

Answer. After I got up there was.

Question. There were several I believe?

Answer. It is impossible for me to tell, the door was too. I am confident there were more than one; we supposed at the time there were three or four.

Question. There were more voices I believe than one?

Ellicott. I believe there were. I heard the man's voice that was in my daughter's room; but not distinctly.

Question. Being waked in this manner, you must be somewhat flurried?

Answer. Yes. I believe there is nobody here, but would, I have as much presence of mind too, I believe as most people.

Question. You must be something agitated, especially at the cry of murder?

Answer. I was not alarmed at that; when I got out of bed first, I was alarmed, but when I found I could keep the door, and had a brace of pistols; I cannot say I was so much alarmed then.

Question. But against so many men?

Answer. I had three stout fellows in the house, besides myself.

Question. I should suppose there must be more voices heard than one?

Ellicott. I did hear the voice in my daughter's room, and Merritt's; they were the only

voices I heard; I heard him say, if you don't lie still; I will blow your brains out.

Question. You heard a voice you believe to be the prisoner's?

Ellicott. The voice I heard at my room door, I believe to be the prisoner's.

Question to Winn. When did you search this house?

Winn. On the 27th of October, I had a letter from Sir John Fielding ; I took two or three men with me and searched the house, there was Merritt, John Miller and one Stewart; Stewart was discharged after Miller was made an evidence. Miller came in while we were there, and there were two women in the house when we went in, one Ann Wilson and another woman, we carried them next morning to Sir John Fielding 's.

Cross Examination.

Question. It is Miller's house, I think?

Winn. No: it is not.

Thomas Godfrey . I am gardner to Mr. Ellicott, when the house was alarmed, I was the first person I believe that heard the noise between two and three o'clock, I made the best of my way down stairs, I heard the bell ring before, it is an alarum bell to ring for the servants, up in the garret; when I was at the last landing part of the stairs, I saw Miller with a candle in his hand, and the door in his other hand; at the hall door, he was the last person in the house, he went out at the door, and shut the door after him; I saw no other person but him.

Question. Are you sure it is Miller?

Godfrey. Very sure.

Question. What compass of time, did you see him?

Godfrey. A quarter of a minute, he was dressed in a brown great coat, and his other cloaths, snuff coloured, I did not see his waistcoat; I never saw him before; I made the best of my way to the door, but they got out of the door, before I could see which way they went.

Question. Was it a dark or light night?

Godfrey. Very moon light.

Question. Did you hear a noise of more persons than one?

Godfrey. I heard a very great noise; I heard Miller's voice; he said, d - m you make haste, they are upon us. I was coming down the stairs when he said that.

Question. Have you seen Miller since, and heard him speak since?

Godfrey. Yes; and believe it to be his voice.

Question. Did you see the place they broke in at?

Godfrey. First they got a ladder, and got down into the area, the ladder was left there. They broke open a gate at a carpenter's, where they got this ladder from: it is a sash window, they pulled the sash down, and pushed aside the shutter. I saw the cook maid bar the shutter, over night. They broke the bolt off that kitchen door into the best kitchen, from there they got into the body of the house: those doors were fast, I saw the footman bolt them. They broke open a great chest that was in the passage, up one pair of stairs.

George Garnet . I am footman to Mr. Ellicott. The sauce boats, were in a drawer in the Kitchen, the tea-chest stood in the back parlour, the tea-cannisters were in the tea-chest, the sugar basket, sauce boats, ladle, &c. used to be kept above stairs; I left them below that night, and a dozen of desert spoons were left in the knife case. I fastened the kitchen doors over night. The bolts were forced off in the morning.

Question. Did you see any of the people that broke the house open?

Garnet. No; I followed the gardener, I was just behind him going down stairs, I did not see any one go out at the door, I heard the door shut, the coachman asked me to bring down the gun out of the garret. The people in the house said d - n your eyes come down, we will find you guns; the coachman was then upon the stairs, I was coming out of the room.

Question. What time of the morning was it when you was upon the stairs?

Answer. Near three o'clock.

John Paget . I was with Mr. Winn that night; I believe it was the 27th of November, between eleven and twelve, we found these things that have been produced, in the lower drawn of a chest of drawers, in the lower room, where this prisoner was, and the person he lives with, there were two women, one is Ann Wilson .

Question. Do you know who the other is?

Paget. No, it is a girl of the town; there was a man there when we went in, he was taken into custody and discharged, I dont know his name, I expected somebody would come to fetch the tools. I stood at the door, and seeing Miller come in and knowing him to be a bad man, I secured him.

Cross Examination

Question. You attend at some of the offices?

Paget. Occasionally. I keep a publick-house, they sometimes send for me, and I assist them. Miller when he saw me, gave a start back, knowing him to be a bad man, I pulled him into the house, and secured him.

Nathaniel Dearn . I am coachman to Mr. Ellicot, I was waked by the bell, I came to the top of the garret stairs, I turned back and said to the footman, bring the gun. One of them, that I take to be the prisoner, said d - n you come along and we will give you guns.

Question. Why do you take it to be the prisoner?

Dearn. By his voice.

Question. When did you hear the prisoner speak afterwards?

Dearn. The Saturday or Monday following, at Sir John Fielding 's; the gardner ran by me, and ran down, I saw nobody, I heard the outer door shut, and saw the light of the candle all the way down. The week following I went with a man and found part of a tea chest that was lost, it was the fellow of that the man had found before, I delivered it to Miss Ellicot, I found it rather more than a mile from my master's house.

John Miller . I and four or five more went to go to do a jew ladies; to break the house open.

Question. What is that a cant term to break a house open?

Miller. Yes.

Question. When was this?

Miller. A Wednesday night, in October, but I do not know what part of the month. That not doing, as we thought it should, we went down Hornsey-lane. There was one Yapper, James Nimmey , William Hatchman , Matshuinet, and Amos Merrit . We saw a new brick-house, we said, we thought that would do. We went and got a ladder at some buildings, about one hundred or two yards off, we got a ladder and put it down the area, and I and Nimmey, and William Hatchman , broke open the shutter, and got in. We got into a place where there was a parcel of shoes and things, from there we broke into the kitchen. We took two silver butter boats out of the dresser drawer, then we broke another door open and went up; we went into a fore parlour, we got some spoons out of a case, I believe half a dozen or a dozen; then we went into the next parlour, we saw a tea chest under a table, there was a sugar bason, and two silver cannisters, that we took; there was a gold headed cane and a clock; the clock was in a little wooden box; then we went up one pair of stairs, there was a cabinet; Hatchman, and I broke it open, and we took out a parcel of trinkets and medals, and such things and a gold watch-case, and some money; after we had got every thing out there: we went to break open a great box, that alarmed the house; they rung a bell, and we went up stairs, the bell was rung I believe from Mr. Ellicot's room. We made our way up to Mr. Ellicot's room, up two pair of stairs, I and William Hatchman , went into a room, where there was a parcel of books, the next room William Hatchman went into; he said there was a woman in; I went to open Mr. Ellicots room, I opened the door, but he shoved against it, and shut it as well as he could. William Hatchman or Abraham Matshumet , I cannot say which, they were all upon the stair-case with me. Yapper stood on the stairs.

Question. Was the prisoner upon the stairs?

Miller. I cannot say he was with us, I cannot remember where he was in my flurry. I know Hatchman and I were in the room. I believe he was, but I cannot say punctually; Mr. Ellicott shuting the door fast, the hanger came out without the sheath. They pulled it out; it was in the sheath when it was thrust in at the door. Mr. Ellicott said, give me my gun, I will blow their brains out. We all ran down stairs, and made our escape. We went down the lane, towards some fields, we took the property out of the bag and put it in our pockets, and we left the clock and tea chest in a field, and the cane I believe.

Question. How far from Mr. Ellicot's house?

Miller. Half a mile or more.

Question. What arms were you provided with.

Miller. We had all cut-lashes and pistols, Hatchman, and I and Nimmey, had all a lash a piece, and a pistol a piece, and Yapper had a cutlash of his own, that he brought with him, which he carries about him for fear of being taken, because he has returned from transportation; I was the person that went last out of the house, we had three bits of candles, but I was the last that left the house, I took the key and put it outside the door and tried to lock it, but in my flurry I did not know whether I locked it or no.

Question. Did any of you use any expressions as you were coming down stairs.

Answer. Not to my knowledge.

Question. You don't remember any body saying, that they would find guns for the people that were coming down stairs, or give them guns?

Answer. I don't remember any such thing.

Question. Do you remember any expressions used at Mr. Ellicott's door.

Answer. I remember we said d - n you make haste and open the door. Hatchman, or Matshumet said that.

Question. Did you hear the prisoner make use of any expressions?

Answer. In my flurry I don't remember, I don't know whether he was up stairs or down stairs; either the prisoner or Yapper ran up stairs when we called out, I saw him in the house, they were all upon the stair-case at Mr. Ellicott's door except Yapper, he stood upon the stairs.

Question. You must tell all the truth, what became of all this plate?

Question. One Abraham Abrahams , otherwise Fise, his name is Abrahams, but he goes by the name of Abraham Isaacs .

Question. Where does he live?

Answer. In Houndsditch. I have heard for a truth that he is dead and buried: there was metal we thought gold; he said it was only silver washed with gold, that they were of no service and he would throw them away.

Question. What did they all sell for?

Answer. About thirty-one guineas.

Question. How much had you?

Answer. About five guineas: Hatchman was at the receiving of the money, he gave me mine and said he would give the others theirs.

Question. Had the prisoner any arms?

Answer. I don't remember he had; he was a little bad in his limbs and was not able to use any.

Question. What did you carry all these things away in?

Answer. In a big apron, till we came to the fields, then we put them in our pockets.

Question. Who carried you this apron?

Answer. It belonged to Yapper and Hatchman, or James Nimmey carried it in.

Question. Do you know any thing of that chissel?

Answer. We had such a one; I cannot say whether this is it, but we had a chissel, besides a socket chissel.

Question. Who did that chissel you had there belong to?

Answer. All the things were brought to Fises: I was to go with them to do this ladies: they brought all the things with them.

Question. Look at that hanger?

Answer. I believe that was the hanger.

Question. Do you know that?

Answer. I never had this in my hand, the other hanger I had.

Question. Is that the hanger that was put in between the door.

Answer. I cannot say that; we had every one a lash a-piece.

Question. Do you remember when Merritt was taken up?

Answer. Yes, I was coming out of the ship-ale-house, at the bottom of the lane; I went up the lane to go the nearest way into Goodman's-fields: Pagett stood at the door as I was walking by; he ran a-cross the way, took hold of me dragged me to the house and throwed me down; Farrell said he would knock my teeth down my throat or kill me: I said I would go quietly.

Question. Was not you going into the house?

Answer. No, so help me God.

Question. Merritt lives in that house, does he not?

Answer. That I cannot say, I went to that house but twice, that was to see one Ann Wilson .

Question. Did not you knew that he lived there?

Answer. I had heard so.

Question. Did not you go to listen, at the door?

Answer. I was walking up the place as fast as I could.

Question. How far is it a-cross the way from Merritt's door to where he came to lay hold of you?

Miller. Two or three steps, it's a narrow place.

Question. You had no thoughts of calling on Merritt?

Answer. No, I was going into Whitechapel.

Question. Did you never see these things in Merritt's drawer?

Answer. Never in my life.

Question. Who carried away the chissel that was used that night in breaking open the house?

Miller. After we carried the plate to Fises I saw no more of them.

Question. How came the hanger you own, to be that you had, to be in Merritt's drawer?

Miller. That I cannot say, it was left at Fises, they were all left with him; I don't know what they left there, mine were left there.

Question to Pagett. He says you ran a-cross the way and took hold of him?

Pagett. He was on the same side of the way the house is on.

Question. Was he going on or stopping?

Pagett. He was coming, he stopped right at the door; when he saw me, made a kind of a stop; I catched hold of him and pulled him in.

Edward Hammock . I am a publican, I live in Petticoat Lane, I have seen the prisoner several times.

Question. Do you know Miller?

Hammock. Yes, and his father, they always behaved civil when they came for beer, and went about their business.

Prisoner's Defence.

This Bill Hatchman and Nimmy, and Matshumet came to my house the day before Mr. Ellicott's house was broke open, they said, they were going to rob a Jew ladies at Highgate; and asked me if I was willing to go with them; I was very poorly, I had work to go to, and thought it would be best; they said, it was a Jew ladies, and she had a Jew maid. (This Yapper is a Jew,) and the Jew maid was to leave the door open for us to go in, and after the house was robbed, he was to be married to this Jew maid: I went along with him to Highgate to do the robbery; when we came there, the house was all fastened: I had much ado to walk there; when we found we could not do that house: I went a little way down Hornsey-Lane with them. I said I was not able to walk any farther; I must go home: I did, and know nothing about Mr. Ellicott's robbery, nor never had a halfpenny of the money: they went on without me; I was not able to go about any other business: I beg your Lordship would ask Miller, whether I was in the house.

Miller. I believe he was on the stair-case: I cannot say, whether he was or no; to swear punctually.

Question. Was he at the house?

Miller. Yes.

Question. You went out last?

Answer. Yes.

Question. Did you meet together that night afterwards.

Miller. Yes we met in two minutes afterwards.

Question. All of you.

Answer. All but him, I did not know which way he went, he ran away or something, I don't know how he went.

Question. Was he at the house at the time you went down the area.

Answer. He was at the door.

Question. As you went out last did you see how many went out before you.

Answer. There were four or five of us in I know.

Question. Dou you recollect whether you saw him upon the stair-case or no.

Answer. I believe he was.

Question. Did not he help to bring some of the things away.

Answer. It was I and Hatchman took the property down stairs, Yapper brought them into the field, it was all in a bag, when we came into the field, we took the clock and came out and threw them away, the other things we put in our pocket.

Question. Did the prisoner put nothing in his pocket.

Answer. He was at the taking of the things, nothing was put into our pockets till we came into the fields.

Counsel for the Prisoner.

Question. Who is this Ann Wilson .

Miller. A woman who lived with one Francis Talbot , who was convicted a good while ago.

Guilty Death .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-23
VerdictNot Guilty

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31. (2d M.) WILLIAM LOW was indicted for stealing three pair of silver sleeve-buttons, value three shillings, a gold ring value two shillings and sixpence, and a leather purse value a halfpenny ; the property of Ann Rose , widow, October 6th ++.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-24
VerdictNot Guilty

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32. (2d M.) RICE THOMAS was indicted for stealing a pair of worsted stockings value six-pence, a silver tea-spoon value fourteen-pence, a check apron value six-pence, and a blue apron value eight-pence; the property of Edward Robinson , and a flannel petticoat value one shilling , the property of Ann Yates , widow, November 1st . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-25
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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33. 34. (2d M.) WILLIAM GEORGE , and SARAH the wife of ARTHUR WADE , were indicted the first for stealing twenty-three pounds weight of cheese value ten shillings , the property of Joseph Keys , and the other for receiving twelve pound weight of the said cheese, well knowing it to have been stolen , December 6th , ++.

Joseph Key's. I am a cheese-monger , in Oxford-road , last Tuesday night between nine and ten o'clock, as I was at supper in the parlour, at the back of the shop, a young woman who lived servant in a public house, called out, I immediately ran into the shop, she had detected the prisoner in stealing half a cheese, on examining the rest of my goods I missed another half cheese, the fellow to that he was detected in stealing, which made me reasonably imagine he must have stolen that, I charged him with it; he said he had stolen it, and confessed he had sold it at a Sarah Wades , in High-street, St. Giles's, I went there, I took another man with me, I found this half cheese he had stolen first, on asking for it she delivered it, and said he brought it to her and she gave him three shillings for it; I took the cheese out of her house, and said, I would have her taken care of, for receiving it; she begged I would not prosecute her, I told her I would; I am positive to the half cheese, I cut the cheese in two, the day before.

On his Cross Examination, he said, he had learned by all accounts, that Sarah Wade was a married woman, and that he believed her husband lived in the house, that she said she bought the cheese, and gave three shillings for it, that she had it under some cloaths in a chair; and she produced it immediately.

Mary Tyrrell . I saw the prisoner go out of the door with a half cheese, I mentioned it to Mr. Keys, I found the cheese upon the prisoner, he confessed he stole it.

Richard Taylor . I took the prisoner George, he confessed he stole, not only the half cheese, found upon him, but that he had left another half cheese at the house of Wade, the other prisoner, the cheese is the property of Mr. Keys.

GEORGE Guilty T .

WADE Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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35. 36. 37. JAMES BUNNELL , THOMAS SATCHELL , and JAMES WILLIAMS was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value five shillings; two linen shirts value five shillings, and one linen table cloth, value two shillings , the property of Elizabeth Hoytree , widow, October 29th . ~

All three Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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38. (M.) ANN the wife of JOHN FOX was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value ten-pence, a cheque linen apron value sixpence, and a linen sheet value two shillings , the property of Andrew Revans , November 19th . ~

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-28

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39. (2d. M.) THOMAS GILMAN was indicted for feloniously making an assault upon Thomas Graham , with intent, the money

and effects of the said Thomas, to steal, take and carry away, against the statute , November 29th . +

Thomas Graham . I was stopped in Park-lane , on the 29th of November by the prisoner, he opened my coach door, and demanded my money, not choosing to be robbed, I jumped out of the coach, threw myself down upon him, and secured him.

Robert Greenly . I came up to Mr. Graham's assistance, he had hold of the prisoner, the prisoner was carried to the watch-house, afterwards it occurred to me, that possibly some weapon might be found, I went back to the place where Mr. Graham had the prisoner down, there I found an old pistol without a lock.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not know why Mr. Graham seized me, the coach was stopped by two other persons, that threw something at my head, and struck me, I know nothing of it.

He called two witnesses, who both gave him a good character.

Guilty T .

Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-29
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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35. (M.) MARGARET, the wife of JOHN DOWDLE was indicted for stealing a rose diamond ring set in silver, with a gold shank, value twenty-one shillings , the property of Moldsworth Phillips . October the 29th . ~

The prosecutor was called, but not appearing, recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-30
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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36. (M.) MARGARET SPRATT was indicted for stealing a copper pottage pot, value six shillings , the property of John Tivelane , November the 12th .

the prosecutor was called, but not appearing, his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-31
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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42. (M.) MARGARET SPRATT was a second time indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value four shillings , the property of John Twelane , November the 14th .

The prosecutor was again called, but not appearing, his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-32
VerdictNot Guilty

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43. (L.) MARK BKOOKES was indicted for stealing four pounds weight of tobacco, value three shillings , the property of Thomas Sainsbury and John Read , December the 5th . ~

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-33

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44. (L.) RALPH EMANUEL was indicted for stealing ten pound weight of moist sugar, value two and six-pence, the property of certain persons unknown , December the 1st . ~

John Jones . I am a merchant's watchman, on Botolph's Key . On the 1st of December, between three and four in the afternoon I saw the prisoner put his head out of a lower window of a warehouse on the wharf; there were several people working over his head: I went in and asked him, what he was doing there? he said he was doing nothing. Observing something bundled up in his frock, I asked what he had there; he said, it was sugar and he would put it in the hogshead again. There was some sugar in the two pair of stairs warehouse, but none in this place: out of one of these hogsheads a great quantity of sugar was taken.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the sugar on the stairs; I happened in the dark to run against Mr. Jones, and he took me up, and said I had stole this sugar; the sugar was lying scattered on the stairs.

Jones. It was wrapped up in his frock before him.

Guilty . T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-34

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45. (L.) WILLIAM PEARCE was indicted for stealing seventy pounds weight of moist sugar, value twenty-three shillings, the property of certain persons unknown , November the 6th . ~

Walter Scott . I am a watchman in the port of London, employed under the commissioners of the customs. On the 6th of November, about three at noon, I had the charge of an India hoy loaded with tea; there was near it a lighter, which was very close to this hoy, that hoy was loaded with sugar. I had received information that sugar was taken out of it. I went on board, and I saw the prisoner filling a handkerchief out of one of the hogsheads: before I went on board I called on one Chinner who was upon the key, and likewise upon a watchman; this prisoner was secured, and the handkerchief was found there, containing this quantity of sugar, amounting to seventy pound.

Thomas Chinner . I am a watchman to the Company of Wharfingers, at Fresh Wharf : on the 6th of November, I was called upon by the last witness; I went down the hatch-way, I saw somebody below stairs, but could not at that time tell who it was, because there was no other way but at the ends of the lighter, to get in or out of the ends of the lighter. Mr. Scott and I took up the tarpaulin and hatch-way, and we saw the prisoner; he was then at work, filling the handkerchief out of the cask; upon this we went down different ways, in order to prevent his escape that way; the other went the other way, at last he did come up: we secured him, and carried him on shore. Within about twenty yards after we got him on shore, he made his escape; he was rescued after that, it was three weeks before he was taken, he had been in our custody about ten minutes before he was rescued; and I am certain the prisoner is the man I saw under the hatches in that lighter, and no other person was in the lighter.

William Matthews . I am a watchman too upon the key, the prisoner when brought on shore by Scott and Chinner, was rescued in about twenty yards after he came out of the lighter; in regard to the handkerchief, there were four handkerchiefs in one, they had not been divided; and I am certain it is the same handkerchief, they were not even hemmed; the handkerchief was some time out of the custody of Mr. Scott.

Prisoner's Defence.

I brought the craft up on the Friday before; I went there for my frock and trowsers. I lost half a guinea and four shillings out of my pocket: upon going on board to seek for this money, and get my frock and trowsers: I had two people to remove the cask, they did remove it, and I got all my money except one shilling that was on board the lighter; then I went on shore, and had some beer; recollecting that I had left the frock and trowsers behind me: I went again on board to seek for these things; when I was looking for them, before I had found them: these people came on board suspecting me to be the stealer of this sugar, they secured me; but I had no hand in it, whatsoever:

He called John Winter , who had known him twenty years: John Mansfield , seven years: Richard Mayfield , sixteen or seventeen years: Ann Carlton , eight years: - Wright from a child: Joseph Crosley , three years: James Carr , seven years, and John Poole , from a child, who all gave him a good character.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-35

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46. (2 d. M.) WILLIAM CLIFTON was indicted for that he, in the king's highway, in and upon Thomas Dicker did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a watch, the inside case made of base metal, and the outside shagreen, value six pounds six shillings; a steel watch chain, value one shilling; a cornelian stone seal set in gold, value twenty-one shillings; a brass watch key, value one penny; and fourteen shillings in money numbered; the property of the said Thomas , November the 5th . ++

Mr. Thomas Dicker . I live at Chelsea. On the 4th of November I spent my evening in town. I took a coach from the corner of York-Street, between one and two o'clock to go home, I told the coachman to drive me into Chelsea , within a hundred yards of my own door. I cannot go quite to my own door at so late an hour: immediately as I got out of the coach I asked him his fare, he said five shillings; I told him it was only two, but I would, as it was so late give him three shillings. I stood under the lamp to see that I gave him right: I offered him three shillings, he would not take it: scarcely were the words out of my mouth, before the prisoner jumped out of the boot of

the coach, whom I never saw before, and laid hold of my collar; the coachman knocked me down, and he took my watch from me: I looked extremely hard at him, and had a strong idea of his person: in consequence of that, I went early on Saturday morning, the 5th of November to Sir John Fielding 's, and laid there my information. Some of his people seemed to know the person of the man from my account of him. I had scarcely got out of the office when I thought I saw the man on the other side the way, which seemed to be the place the stand of coaches are at: in Charles street, I found the man was the waterer of the horses there. I went directly back to Sir John Fielding 's. Mr. Addington was the justice, I gave the information before; he desired me immediately to take him. I took one of Sir John Fielding 's men with me and took him directly, they searched his person and lodging, but found nothing of my property upon him.

Question. What sort of a light was it where you was robbed?

Dicker. It was between one and two, I had no light, but the light of the lamps.

Question. Was that light sufficient to enable you to discern the face of a man?

Dicker. Yes.

Question. Do you swear to his face?

Dicker. Yes I do.

Question. How was he dressed?

Dicker. Much as he is now, but he had a remarkable large black hat on.

Question. Do you swear positively to the man?

Dicker. I do.

Question. You never found your watch again?

Dicker. No.

Question. You reside at Chelsea?

Dicker. Yes.

Question. Do you carry on any business?

Dicker. No, I live upon my fortune.

Question. Did you immediately know the man when you saw him?

Dicker. Yes, I took particular notice of him.

Question from the prisoner. Was you in liquor or sober?

Dicker. I was no more in liquor that any person that had been spending an evening.

Court. Was you a little in liquor?

Dicker. No, I was not, I was equally as sober as I am at this instant, and as capable of judging of any thing that passed.

Question. And you do take upon you to swear that is the man?

Dicker. Yes.

Question. You have considered the consequence?

Dicker. I have weighed it extremely well.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am as innocent of the robbery as a child unborn.

For the prisoner.

William Pope . I have watered the horses for the coachmen, at Charles-street, Covent-garden fifteen years. Mr. Dicker got into a coach, the corner of the street in Covent-garden.

Question. What day are you speaking of?

Pope. Friday night, about half after one o'clock.

Question. Was that the 5th of November?

Pope. Yes.

Question. Do you know Mr. Dicker?

Pope. This is the gentleman.

Question. What is Mr. Dicker?

Pope. I don't know, the boy that drove the coach came back in about three minutes; he stopped at the Bunch of Grapes in Charles-street, Covent-garden, and knocked at the door. I told the gentleman that they were all gone to bed. From there he ordered him to drive to the Fountain Tavern, Catherine-street; when they came there, one with a link, called Raggy, and another, one Murphy: they heard the orders: they jumped up upon the box, and ran away with the boy's coach, and did not bring it till four in the morning.

Question. What boy is it; is that the coachman?

Pope. A very little boy.

Question. Do you know the prisoner?

Pope. Yes, he was not there that night; after the play broke up, when they came back, they gave him two shillings, and said they had been with a gentleman to Chelsea. When this prosecutor apprehended this man; I was not come to work. I told Raggy of it on Saturday night, and Murphy: Murphy is gone out of the way ever since: Raggy is now in Tottlefields Bridewell for breaking the windows of

the gentleman's house that Colby was hanged for breaking open; and that they are the men that robbed the gentleman, I will assure you.

Question. That you cannot know?

Pope. They drove the coach away.

Question. You say, a gentleman took the coach?

Pope. Yes, it was between one and two o'clock.

Question. Where did Raggy and Murphy get upon the coach?

Pope. At the Fountain Tavern; they drove away the coach, and left the boy behind, with the gentleman in the coach.

Question to Mr. Dicker. Were there two persons that drove you to Chelsea?

Dicker. I saw but one.

Question. Did you go to the different places the witness speakes of; first, to the Bunch of Grapes, then to the Fountain Tavern ?

Dicker. I went to no place but home, and they drove me exceeding fast.

Question. From what house did you go?

Dicker. I took it in York-street.

Question. What house had you been at?

Dicker. At the Chequers, at Charing-Cross.

Question. How came you to go to Covent-garden to go to Chelsea?

Dicker. Because I was sure of a coach there and did not chuse to walk home; that was my only reason.

Question. You did not stop at the Bunch of Grapes?

Dicker. No, nor any other house.

Question. Did the same coachman that took you up first, drive you the whole way?

Dicker. Yes, and he was a tall man.

Question. And you did not stop at any place at all?

Dicker. No, not at the Fountain Tavern , or any other Tavern, or any private house, my lord, upon the prisoner's second examination.

Question. Was that examination taken in writing?

Dicker. Yes.

Court. Then you must say nothing about it.

Question. Where is the Fountain Tavern ?

Dicker. In Catherine-street.

Question. You did not go out of Charles-street?

Dicker. No.

Question to Pope. How came you to know the coach stopped in Charles-street?

Pope. By the gentleman's orders: he came back directly, and said Raggy and Murphy were gone away with his coach.

Question. You did not see them stop?

Pope. No.

Question from the jury. I think you said, the people at the Bunch of Grapes, and the Coach and Horses were a-bed? I know that to be a night-house.

Pope. The people at the Bunch of Grapes were a-bed.

Foreman of the jury. I know they are not.

John Clifton . I am the brother of this unfortunate man. I went to this gentleman's, Mr. Dicker's house, on Monday: the servant maid told me, he was not at home: I asked her in regard to the affair. She said, that her master came home between two and three in the morning very much in liquor, and all over dirt; that he had lost his wig. I went again next morning, a quarter before nine to him: I said, I find you have swore absolutely to my brother: he said no, he had sworn no otherwise than to the best of his knowledge, nor would swear any more at the Old Bailey. I said, I hope, as you are so resolute upon this, you will take it into consideration, and be sure before you do pretend to swear. Says he, I have not swore certain; nor I will only swear to the best of my knowledge.

Question to Dicker. Did any such conversation pass between you and that man?

Dicker. I heard, by my servant, that this man had been there before; and very well she might tell him I was dirty; I was knocked down, and of course must be very dirty, and lost my wig: it was brought home by my neighbour next morning: I lost it on the spot I was knocked down upon. This man came to me at the time my barber was shaving me: I said, sit down, I will speak to you presently. What is your business? said he, I came on account of an unfortunate brother of mine: I hope you will be as favourable as possible. Said I, I certainly shall be: I just told him the state

of the case. Now, said I, what could you do? That was what passed between us.

Question. Did you ever say you was doubtful of the Person of the man?

Dicker. No, not in the least; I was always certain to him, though I did not positively swear to him before Sir John Fielding .

Question. What was the reason?

Dicker. He was going to be examined again; he said, he would bring a person, so very like himself, that I should not know one from the other.

Question. Did you see that person?

Dicker. Yes, and they were not at all alike.

Edward Silk . I have known the prisoner eight or nine years. I keep a chandler's shop: I have entrusted him in my business with money; he always paid me honestly: I never heard any thing amiss of him before.

Joseph Hill. I have known the prisoner eighteen or nineteen years; I never heard any thing ill of him before.

John Davies . I have known him four or five years: I never heard any bad character of him.

Thomas Neale . I drive a hackney coach. I have known the prisoner three years; I never heard any harm of him in my life.

Question to Pope. Pray, who was the coachman, you say took this gentleman up?

Pope. A lad took him in; I don't know his name.

Question. Have you enquired after the boy?

Pope. I never enquired after him.

Question. When did you see him?

Pope. I saw him to-day.

Question. Did not you give information of it to the prisoner?

Pope. No.

Question. Did not you think you ought to give an information of him?

Pope. I did not think any thing about it. His master's name that belongs to the coach, is Rooke.

Question. Do you know the number of the coach?

Pope. No.

Question. When did you see the boy that said, Murphy and Raggy had run away with the coach?

Pope. The boy told this gentleman so at Sir John Fielding 's.

Question to Mr. Dicker. Do you remember a man saying, that two lads had run away with his coach?

Dicker. A boy came to Sir John Fielding 's, and said, two people had run away with his coach. Sir John said, do you know the gentleman that you took into your coach? he said, yes: I asked him if I was the person that he took into his coach: he said, no, I was not.

Question. This man talked of a person going in the coach to the Bunch of Grapes, in Charles-street?

Dicker. I was not there, nor do I know where the Bunch of Grapes is.

Silk. The prisoner was at my house at half after ten o'clock; he bought a candle, and was going home to bed.

Guilty Death .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-36

Related Material

47, 48, 49. (L.) WILLIAM PRITCHARD , PETER THANE , and EDWARD PARKER were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Joseph Cruttenden , on the 31st of October , about the hour of one in the night, and stealing a silver soup ladle, value thirty shillings; twelve silver table spoons, value six pounds; twelve silver tea spoons, value twenty shillings; a silver pint mug, value four pounds; two silver salvers, value twelve pounds, five silver cruet tops, value ten shillings; a silver coffee pot, value ten pounds; a silver cream pot, value ten shillings; a satin cloak, value ten shillings; a linen shirt, value five shillings; two silk handkerchiefs, value two shillings; a pair of lather breeches, value ten, shillings; a child's linen frock, value five shillings, and seventy-two halfpence, the property of the said Joseph, in his dwelling-house . *

(The Witnesses were examined apart at the request of the Prisoners.)

Mr. Joseph Cruttenden . I am clerk to the Surgeon's Company, and live at Surgeons's-Hall .

Q. Is your house a part of the hall, or separate and detached from it?

Cruttenden. There is no part separate, I have the whole dwelling, there is no one resides in it but myself. On the first of November, when we were going to breakfast about nine o'clock

we missed the milk pot; the maid servant then went into the back room, and missed most of the things mentioned in the indictment; upon which I went up into my office, and found the drawers in which I keep my money broke open, with a chissel, in a rough and clumsey manner. I took all the money out of it a day or two before, except three shillings in halfpence, which was gone. I missed a shirt out of a drawer, that is always left open for the washerwoman; and two silk handkerchiefs that I said the night before upon the desk in the store room; out of which the plate was taken. I saw the mark of a dirty foot upon the table: there is a square window to that room, but the steps go up by it, by which it is reduced to but half a window, that window was shut down, but it is never fastened; it appeared plainly that somebody had entered in at this window, and shut it down again; the window looks upon the steps in the main street, that goes up to the hall. I concluded from the circumstances of the robbery, the drawer being broke where I kept my money, and no other, and a pair of candlesticks being left, which were not silver, but plated, that the prisoner Pritchard who had lived with me four months, and had the care of my plate, and knew the drawers where I kept my money, must be concerned in this business. Pritchard left me on the 10th of September last, and he perfectly knew the situation of the plate.

Q. Did you ever find any of your things again?

Cruttenden. I never found any of them, the witnesses will give you an account of a chissel that was found?

Mrs. Alice Cruttenden . That half window in the store-room was shut down over-night, I was the last person in the room, the plate was taken from a closet in that room; while Pritchard was our servant, he always brought the plate out of the closet, and carried it in. Most of the plate, mentioned in the indictment, was in the closet, the pint mug was on the table under the window, six large table spoons, and six desert spoons were in the store-room on a table; I lost a satin cloak and a child's frock, which hung up in, the store-room; I missed fifteen spoons from the case in the dining-room, which were under the tea table, they were always kept covered with a gauze he has seen me cover them.

Q. to Mr. Cruttenden. Did not the contents of the other drawers appear to be tumbled, or attempted to be opened?

Cruttenden. None other but that where the money was.

Q. Had you changed any other of your servants within a few months of this time?

Cruttenden. I believe not, a maid servant had gone, but no other man servant but the prisoner.

Q. Was this your own plate?

Cruttenden. Yes. I found the window shut, the street door the servant found ajarr, which I shut the night before.

Sarah Cookesley . I was servant to Mr. Cruttenden, the time the house was robbed, when I went to bed at night, the half-window was down; when I went into the room in the morning to set the tea things for breakfast, I missed the plate; I first missed the cream pot from the tea board, then I missed the spoons out of the cases, I asked my Mistress if she had put the plate by over-night; she told me she had not; and then said, she was robbed of all her plate, then I went to open the street door, and found it was ajarr.

Q. Have you lived with Mrs. Cruttenden some time?

Sarah Cookesley . Seven years.

Q. Did you see the plate in the store room the night before?

Cookesley. Yes. I layed it for supper the night before.

Q. Did you ever know Pritchard when he lived with your master carry the plate into this room?

Cookesley. Yes. He used to carry it backwards and forwards.

John Vince . I know Thane and Parker.

Q. Do you not know the other?

Vince. No.

Court. What are you?

Vince. A printer.

Q. What is Thane?

Vince. He did live at the Orange shop in Covent Garden.

Q. What is Parker?

Vince. I do not know, I have known Thane but a little while, I have known Parker a twelve month. On the Tuesday after Mr. Cruttenden's house was robbed, Thane came into my

room, he had good cloaths on, and silver shoe and knee buckles.

Q. Where is your room?

Vince. In Parker's-Lane, Drury-Lane. I asked him how he came by them; he was along while before he would say any thing; at last he said, he had been concerned with Parker and Pritchard, in a robbery at Surgeon's Hall I asked him how he came by the buckles; he said, he bought them with part of the money he got for the plate.

Q. Did he say how they got into the house?

Vince. He said Pritchard shewed them the belt way; but he did not say which way they got in.

Q. How was he dressed the day before?

Vince. I did not see him the day before; but two or three days before, he had hardly any cloaths to his back.

Q. Did he say how much money he had?

Vince. He said they had about five guineas a piece: I gave notice of this to Mr. Jealous, at Mr. Welch's office the same night.

Q. How came Thane to trust you with such a dangerous affair as this?

Vince. I cannot say: he told me.

Samuel Wade . I was taken with Pritchard, and Thane in a coach at Tyburn Turnpike, on the last execution day but one, I believe it was on the 7th of November, there was also one Grigg and another young fellow in the coach.

Q. Are you well acquainted with the two prisoners, Pritchard and Thane?

Vince. I have known Thane about three years, I was taken into custody, and admitted an evidence; this fact was committed the 31st of October, about one o'clock in the morning. I was down in the country, and came up the Tuesday after at about nine o'clock at night, I was at the Noah's Ark, in Dyot-street; I found Pritchard, Thane and Grigg, there. Dennis Shields came in while I was there. Thane had a bundle which he shewed to Pritchard and me, he said, they had broke open Surgeon's-Hall the night before, about one o'clock; we had two pots of beer; they asked me to drink, we sat there about half an hour. When we went out Pritchard said, I ventured my life last night with them. I have done what not one in a hundred would have done, and said, Thane is a good lad, I will go through the world with him; then we parted, Dennis Shields and I kept together, and they went to a lodging, and asked me if they could see me in the morning between nine and ten; I said yes, and asked where, they said at the Noah's Ark again; we went there the next morning, they were not there; a girl told us, they had left word for us to come to them at the Chequers, in Shire-Lane; we went there, and found Pritchard reading the paper, he had a pair of stockings and a pair of shoes tied up in a handkerchief, and a hat on, which he said, he had bought with the money he sold the plate for.

Q. Did he say how they distributed the money?

Vince. We sat down, there and he asked us if we would have any breakfast; I said we were going to have some; he said, no my lads, you have no money, I have money, therefore call for what you like; we got some herrings; and a loaf and butter; I asked where Thane was; he said, that he had bought a great coat in Monmouth-street, and was waiting while the collar was altering, and would be with us in about half an hour; he came in about that time; he was dressed in a great coat, &c. There was a great deal of talk among them; they said, Parker was a great rogue, that he had slanged them, that they were to have but five pounds a piece, and they were sure the plate was worth forty pounds, they said Parker had appointed to come at two at farthest, but would come sooner if he could: we went away then, and returned at about two o'clock, and Edward Parker came and his girl, and we had some steaks and onions for dinner; they had a long discourse; they said they were to go about three o'clock to receive the remainder of the money the plate sold for; when we had done dinner, we went out. Parker said, don't let us all go together, the people will stare so, as we go along the street. I said I did not want to go; it was no business of mine; we would go to another publick house, and wait for them; we went accordingly to the Crown and Horse-shoe, the corner of Bartlet's Buildings, in Holborn, and waited for them till five o'clock.

Q. How many of you went there?

Vince. Dennis Shields , Grigg and I, they went to receive the rest of the money, they said they had about thirty shillings a piece to receive. Pritchard, Parker and Thane came back to this house, about five o'clock, and left the girl behind them, they said then they must old us good by for a little while, for they could not receive the money till nine o'clock,

they said if we would be there at nine o'clock, they would come to us; we went there again about nine o'clock; Pritchard and Thane came to us; Pritchard said, I thought we should all have been hobbled, I thought it was a dead scheme of Parker's to take us down so often to the place; we sat down there, and Pritchard said, Ah, did you believe me, Dennis Shields and I said, why, indeed, we expected nothing else. Pritchard said, no, no, my lads, here is the money, and pulled out a guinea and a half, and some silver, and Thane pulled out the same, and said, I think my half guinea looks light; Pritchard said, I think mine does too, we will have them both weighed; accordingly they went to the bar, and had them weighed; they came back, and said, they were both rather too good weight; we sat down, and Pritchard asked us if we would have any supper; we made answer, it was rather lateish, we would have a pot of beer, or so. No, says he, we will have something to eat: and he sent Thane for some pork: he brought both roast and boiled; we ate it together, and had two or three pots of beer; and about ten o'clock we went from the house, because Thane was in a hurry; he was going to lie with a girl he knew: he said, he was in a hurry, he could not stay any longer: we parted with Thane at the door. Pritchard and Grigg and Shields and I, went all together to the Noah's Ark, at St. Giles's. Pritchard there treated ever so many people with anniseed, to the amount of about a shilling's-worth; and then he told us, he believed it was all over with him, for the traps were all after hi m: meaning Sir John Fielding 's runners: then Pritchard, Griggs, and I, went out, and left Shields behind. Pritchard said, we well go and lie at Piccadilly: going along, Pritchard said, if I am taken, I am a dead man; and cried almost all the way. We went to Piccadilly and lay at an inn all night; I don't know the inn. We got up about eight o'clock, and took a walk round Mill-bank: we were to meet Thane about ten o'clock, at the Chequers: we went there, and the landlord told us Thane had been there two or three times: we sat down, and Thane came in; and Dennis Shields soon after him. We staid there about an hour, then Grigg went to buy a pair of shoes with the money Pritchard gave him, and Thane went with him; because he had lent him a pair of buckles, that he wanted to give to a girl: then we went to an ale-house in Holborn, and sat there a great while: Shields said, he would go and seek after Thane; he went after him, but could not find him. Shields desired us to go to the eating house, by Newgate, and said, he would bring Thane to us. We met Thane, as we were going down Holborn: he said, he had been waiting for us, and wondered we did not come. We said we had been waiting for him. We went to the house by Newgate, and sat there till about three o'clock.

Q. Did Pritchard tell you how they got in at Surgeon's Hall?

Vince. He said, he got in at the window.

Q. Where did he tell you so?

Vince. At the Chequers, on Wednesday morning.

He said, he took two shillings worth of halfpence. I forgot to mention one thing, he said: when he saw the halfpence, they stained like guineas, and he thought he was made for ever. He said, he looked for a gold cup, which had a stamp in the inside, but he could not find it: and he said, if he had not got the half-pence, he did not know what he should have done, for he had pawned his shirt the night before; and that not one of them had a farthing.

Q. Did he mention to you what window he got in at?

Vince. No.

Q. from Parker. Whether I was in company with them?

Vince. He was only in company at the Chequers, where we eat the steakes.

Parker. I never was there at all.

Dennis Shields . I was at the house, in Dyot Street, when Thane and Pritchard were there a I cannot say what day it was.

Q. Who was with you?

Shields. Samuel Wade ; they were all there before I came in: they were drinking some beer together. They were talking that they had committed a robbery at Surgeon's Hall. I said, what fools they were to talk of it there; as there were so many people about, they might be taken up directly. They were pretty much in liquor. We went out of the house, and went down the street.

Q. Who was talking of having done the robbery?

Shields. Thane was the first that spoke of it. We went out and came back again into the house to have some more beer; when we came

out of the house they went away; and Wade and I went away, and lay at a house together. We were to meet them next morning: we did accordingly meet them at a house by Temple-Bar: I don't know the sign, it is up a little court, just through the Bar.

Q. Do you know the Chequers?

Shields. I believe that is the sign. Pritchard was there by himself; Thane came in, after we had been there a little while: we had some herrings, and some beer: and in about an hour, or an hour and half after Parker came in, and a young woman with him.

Q. Did you all stay there till Parker came in?

Shields. Yes; then we had some beefsteakes and onions for dinner, and a pot of beer, and then we went away.

Q. Did you hear any thing said, while they staid there?

Shields. They were talking about going for some money they had sold the plate for

Q. Who were talking about that?

Shields. Parker, Thane, and Pritchard: then we all five went to the Crown and Horse-shoe on Holborn-hill: we drank some beer; then they said, they were going to the place were they were to get the money: they came back, and said, they could not get it till five o'clock at night; and they desired. Wade and I to meet them at the same house, at nine o'clock. At nine o'clock the three prisoners came together: Thane went out to a cook's shop, and bought a piece of pork for supper. Before they began to eat, they disputed about two half guineas, and had them weighed; then the landlord got acquainted with Pritchard, they said, they had been neighbours together, and they had a pot of hot. Parker went away with them, but did not return to that house where they eat the supper: there was none but Thane and Pritchard came into that house; then we walked up Holborn: as we were walking along, Pritchard said, he had ventured his life with them, which one in a thousand would not have done: he said, they got in at the window; and the first thing they put their foot on, were some bottles, or glasses, he did not know which: and then he said, he went to look for the plate, and saw a pair of candlesticks, which they did not take. because he knew them to be French plate. He said; he went to the drawers where the money was kept; and got a bowl of half pence; that there was a cup they were looking for, but they could not find it; and he said that there was a kettle, or sauce-pan that had some mark upon it; they did not like to take it; that is all I know about it.

Q. Where was this talk?

Shields. A going along from the house where we supped. We went that night as far as the Crown, in Broad St. Giles's; there I left Thane, Pritchard, and Ward, together. Parker said, he had bought a great whitish coat with a red cape, a green coat and a red scarlet waistcoat, and a hat, and buckles. He said, that at the Chequers. Pritchard said, he took a coat and some things out of pawn, and bought a pair of second-hand breeches.

Q. What dress did you see Parker in before this?

Shields. All three of them had very ragged cloaths.

Q. Did you often meet with Parker before?

Shields. No, I never saw him but once or twice before.

Q. How was Thane dressed at the Chequers?

Shields. He had a brown coat, and a brown waistcoat, the same he has on now, and a brown great coat over it.

Q. Had Prichard and the other man any pistol?

Shields. Yes, they had a pair of pistols; Thane bought them, and brought them into the Chequers, and they carried them along with them to St. Giles's: there they gave me the pistols to load: and I took them and carried them away: the next morning, Pritchard came to me, and gave me six or eight shillings for them again.

Q. What did Pritchard say, and how did he behave, as he went up Holborn?

Shields. He seemed glad, and talked about going to commit another robbery.

Q. Did he say he was apprehensive of being taken up, or what would become of him?

Shields. I did not hear him say so.

Parker. These men have been with the thief-catchers, and they have fed them up, and said, if they would not swear against me in particular - I beg your lordship will ask. Shields, whether he has not been maintained by the thief-catchers.

Shields. No, I have been in goal ever since.

Q. to Wade. Have you been in goal?

Wade. Yes, three weeks; then I was bailed out: I have been at my father's house ever since.

John Evans . The last hanging-day but one, Vince came to my house, and said, some people, that were concerned in robbing Mr. Cruttenden's house, were going to Tyburn in a coach; and mentioned the prisoners at the bar. I and Jenkens, and Jealous, went to the bottom of Wells-street, and took a coach to meet these people: when we came to the turnpike, as we stopped to pay, a coach came up, which Vince informed us was the coach; they were in that coach.

Q. When did you receive the information?

Evans. The same morning. I went to one door and opened it, and desired Mr. Jenkins to jump into the coach at the other door: we found Pritchard and Thane in the coach: Pritchard put his hand inside his coat, and took out a handkerchief; I snatched it out of his hand, and said, if I saw him put his hand there again, I would blow his brains out: then I told them, I insisted upon every man in the coach putting his hands on his knees, and the first that refused I would make a couple of eyelet holes in his body: they did put their hands on their knees, and I brought them to Justice Welch's office. I searched Pritchard, and found this pistol (producing it) upon him was loaded, and he had powder and balls; in his coat pocket I found this chissel, (producing it) he had another pistol; but by some means they handed it from one to another, and it is gone. These buckles, (producing a pair of shoe and a pair of knee buckles) I took out of Thane's shoes and knees; they are new: I was informed they were bought with part of the money received for the plate, stole from Mr. Cruttenden: there were only Pritchard and Thane in the coach. Parker was afterwards taken at the gallows, by Charles Jealous .

James Jenkins . On Monday morning, the 17th of November, I received an information, by Vince, that Surgeon's Hall had been broke open; and he told me he knew something of the people concerned in it, and if we would go with him, he thought we might take them.

We took a coach, about nine o'clock, and went as far as Tyburn turnpike; and when the coach, with the prisoners came up, we got in and took them. The pistol and chissel were found on Pritchard, and the buckles on Thane.

Q. to Evans. What was in the handkerchief you took from Pritchard?

Evans. Nothing.

Jenkins. I found this knife (producing a large clasp knife) upon Thane; two or three days after I went to Surgeon's Hall, Mr. Cruttenden took me up stairs, and shewed me the drawers that was broke open. I brought the chissel with me, and by the marks made, in breaking the drawer open, I believe that is the chissel it was broke open with: it was the uppermost drawer on the right hand that was broke open.

Q. Give your reason, why you suppose it to be the instrument this drawer was broke open with?

Jenkins. I tried it to the marks, and it seemed to fit the marks pretty near.

Mr. Cruttenden. It did not match so particularly as to be very decisive; I can have the drawer here in a minute.

Q. Have you such a cup as has been spoke of?

Cruttenden. There is a cup, that is only used by the surgeons; Pritchard has seen it; it was only used one day in August: it is a silver cup.

Charles Jealous . Vince informed me, on the Monday the men went to be hanged, that Parker, Thane, and Pritchard, had committed a robbery. I asked where, he said, they had broke open Surgeon's Hall. Evans, Jenkins, and I went in a coach to take them: they took Pritchard and Thane in a coach, I took Parker at Tyburn, by himself. When Pritchard was the second time on his examination, I asked him, what was become of Mr. Cruttenden's handkerchief: he told me he had sold it.

Q. from Pritchard. Where was it I said I sold Mr. Cruttenden's handkerchief?

Jealous. I asked him, when he came into the office, for a cross-barred handkerchief.

Pritchard. He came to Bridewell, and opened my bosom; I had only a rag of a handkerchief on; he took from me the duplicate of a handkerchief, I was obliged to pawn.

Court: Are you sure he said the handkerchief was sold?

Jealous. Yes, he said, it would do me no good; it was sold.

Q. to Mr. Cruttenden. Did you ever hear anything about the cup?

Cruttenden. At the Justice's it was mentioned, that Pritchard sought after the cup, and thought it a gold one.

Q. Had you mentioned any thing about the cup before that?

Cruttenden. No.

Q. Had you two plated candlesticks?

Cruttenden. Yes, I believe they are tutenage.

Q. Had you ever mentioned having these candlesticks, and their being left?

Cruttenden. No.

From the Jury. Had you a saucepan, that had a mark in the inside?

Cruttenden. I have; it is called an urn, it has my arms upon it, it is plated, and looks like silver.

Pritchard's Defence.

If I had been guilty of it, should I have mentioned it to any body I did not know? I am in the same distress now, respecting cloaths, that I was before, I had an acquaintance, that lent me thirty-five shillings, I bought some stockings and shoes, and took a shirt out of pawn: the gentleman who is the prosecutor, is the last person I should think of robbing. I never saw a gilt cup in the house; if I had had this money, I must have had more cloaths to my back, or some more property upon me. I hope you will take it into consideration, not to take an innocent person's life away, without proof. I have no witness. The prosecutor is the last person I lived with; he is the only person I had to call, the last time. I never saw John Vince before, I neither knew him when he came to the justice's, nor now. Shields I saw in Clerkenwell when I was in trouble; that is the only way I had any knowledge of him.

Thane's Defence.

The thing laid to my charge, I am quite innocent of; I never was concerned in the robbery at all; as to the money I bought my buckles with, I had about five shillings; I tossed up, and won about a guinea and half, and borrowed a guinea and half of one Mr. Mares, in Bishopsgate-street. I have not been from my master above six weeks. I was shop-man to one Mr. Mackey, an orange merchant, in Covent-garden; since that, I have lived with one Mr. Hanchard's, in Denmark-street, Hay-market.

Parker's Defence.

I know nothing at all about the affair; neither do I know the prisoners at the bar. I never saw Pritchard till I was in trouble; I never saw Thane, till I was before the Justice: the witnesses, are men of very bad characters: Vince was tried here, for robbing his master, two or three sessions ago, and I was a witness against him. I never saw Thane till we were before the Justice. Jealous came up to me and shook his fist at me, and said, he should do for me now. I have no friends in the world only God and myself.

Q. to Jealous. Was there any ill blood between you and him before?

Jealous. No. I took him once, and got him to be admitted an evidence.

Q. Did you say that Vince gave you the information on Monday morning?

Jealous. He spoke of it on Thursday night.

All three Guilty Death

Pritchard was tried last session, for a highway robbery; when the good character given him by Mr. Cruttenden, conduced in great measure to his acquital.

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-37

Related Material

50, 51. (L.) ANN DUFFIN and SARAH ATKINS were indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value two shillings ; the property of William Spencer , November 15th . *

William Spencer . On the 15th of November, coming across Fleet-Ditch , between nine or ten at night, I saw the two prisoners near each other: Duffin laid hold of me, and snatched my handkerchief from my neck; as soon as she snatched it from my neck; she chucked it over to Atkins, who was standing near a gentleman that was passing by, and with assistance, I caught the two prisoners: I afterwards carried them to the watch-house: I am sure, the two

prisoners are the persons, I never lost sight of them.

The prisoners, in their defence denied the charge, but produced no evidence.

Q. From the jury.

Q. Was there any girl so near you, that it could be any other person?

Spncer. No. There were but these two.

Both Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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52. (L.) MARGARET HAMILTON was indicted for stealing a pair of leather gloves, value two shillings; a pair of silk gloves, value two shillings; a pair of silk milts, value two shillings; twelve yards of silk, value ten shillings, and three quarters of a yard of thread-lace, value one shilling ; the property of John Kent , November 4th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-39
VerdictsNot Guilty

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53, 54, 55. (L.) HANNAH HOPE, otherwise SHELDON , ELIZABETH JOHNSON , and JOHN BASSET were indicted; the two first for stealing eight pair of silver shoe buckles, set with chrystal, value four pounds; and two silver stock buckles, set with chrystal, value twenty shillings ; the property of Samuel Peacock ; and the other for receiving the above goods well knowing them to have been stolen , October 22d . ++

All three acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-40
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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56. (L.) JOHN HOWARD was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value threepence ; the property of Aaron Michael , December 5th . ++

William Payne . I went to Guild-hall , last Monday, about one o'clock. I had not been there long, before I observed the prisoner attempting to pick several pockets. I saw him take this handkerchief, (producing it) out of Aaron Michael 's pocket. I took him before Mr. Alderman Sawbridge: he there confessed the fact; but said, it was the first fact he ever committed.

Prisoner. I am guilty.

Guilty W .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-41
VerdictNot Guilty

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57. (L.) DAVID COOPER was indicted for stealing three pounds of tobacco, value nine pence ; the property of James Donnellow , and John Willson , December 8th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-42

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58. (L.) RICHARD HAWKE was indicted for stealing an ewe sheep, value fourteen shillings, and a wether sheep, value twenty shillings ; the property of Daniel Dyson , December 9th . ++

Daniel Dyson . I am a farmer at Tottenham-High-Cross . I lost one ewe sheep, and one wether sheep, last Thursday: I marked the sheep with my own name, and with my own hands: I ordered my shepherd to look to them next morning, to see if they were all right. I marked upwards of two hundred on Thursday. The next morning, there were six missing: he traced a man in the snow, and the sheep up a lane, that leads to Wood-Green, a bye-way to London, and in a place called Tottenham-Freehold, he found three of them; after that he traced the man, and sheep up to the turnpike, and from thence quite up to Islington; and at last found two sheep, in one Mr. Hardy's, a salesman's penn, in Smithfield: they were marked DD, my own name, my man sent down to me: I came to town, and I saw the sheep in Mr. Hardy's yard: I knew them again, they had been marked on both sides before at sheep-shearing time, and the marks were not worn out.

George Warner . I am servant to Mr. Dyson. I missed six sheep: I was sent to seek after them: I found two of them in Mr. Hardy's penns in Smithfield: I helped to mark them over-night, with my master's mark; they had two D's upon each side of them before: I am certain they are Mr. Dyson's property.

James Hardy . I am a salesman in Smithfield: about seven in the morning; I came into Smithfield to sell my sheep as usual, and found there were three and two sheep in my penn; the prisoner came about eight o'clock, and said, them sheep belonged to him, and he put them there.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought these sheep upon the road, and paid he money for them, and have got a receipt for

it. I cannot tell who the man is, here is his name upon the receipt; but I did not know him; there was nobody present: I bought them about six in the morning; of the man I gave three pound twelve shillings and sixpence for them: fourteen shillings and sixpence a piece. I have no witnesses.

Prosecutor. The prisoner before my Lord Mayor, confessed he was guilty of the fact.

Q. Did you make him any promise of favour to induce him to confess?

Prosecutor. No. I made no promises at all.

Q. Did he produce the receipt before my Lord Mayor?

Prosecutor. No. He confessed the whole fact there, and he confessed too when he was taken.

Guilty , Death .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-43
VerdictNot Guilty

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57. (2d. M.) JACOB BUCKEE was indicted for stealing four hundred and fifty pound weight of loaf sugar, value ten pounds; the property of Peter Thellusson , and John Cofsart , being in a lighter of William Parker , upon a certain navigable river , namely, the River of Thames, November 18th . *

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-44
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty

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58, 59. (2d. M.) HENRY ELBER and JOHN BRIGGS were indicted, the first for stealing a canvas bag, value two pence; and forty pounds weight of tallow, value ten shillings ; the property of Godfrey Thornton , Esq ; and the other for receiving the above goods well knowing them to have been stolen , November 15th . *

Constable Saunders . On the 15th of November last, I attended on the ship, out of which the tallow was stolen. On the 14th of November, in the evening; I delivered out of the ship, into the lighter forty pounds of tallow in my charge for Godfrey Thornton . Elber was one of the young people employed on board the ship: he was what is called a Lumper . On Tuesday the 15th in the morning; I missed this tallow. Young and I, and the mate of another ship, about ten o'clock, found the prisoner Elber at a public-house, in Limehouse, He had hid himself behind the door of the necessary, where Young took him; he confessed he took the tallow, and had sold it, to one Taylor, in St. Ann's, Lime-house. We went to Taylor's, he said, he had bought none; the prisoner said, he had, and that he had took it over the way and weighed it; and told him it weighed forty-one pound, bag and all. We asked Taylor where it was; then he said, it was gone out, but he believed he could get it presently: we insisted upon it being got, that I might see it: then the prisoner said, he took it to Brigg's lodgings, and said, he had got a prize, and did not know where to sell it, and Briggs shewed him Taylor's shop, where he might sell it; the tallow was brought to Young's house, where I was; the tallow looks like the same, the bag I am positive to.

John Taylor , a cheesemonger and Grocer, deposed, that Briggs who is porter to him, came with another man, on the 15th of November, and acquainted him, they had some ships stuff to sell, and asked three pence-per pound, that he bought it, and paid ten shillings for it; but did not know which took up the money.

Ralph Young confirmed the evidence of Saunders.

Elber said, in his defence, he found it. Briggs in his defence said, he went with Elber to shew him where to sell it,

Elber guilty of stealing, to the value of ten-pence .

Briggs acquitted .

John Taylor received a very severe reprimand from the court, for the impropriety of his conduct.

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-45
VerdictsNot Guilty

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60, 61. (2d. M.) MARGARET CADDIN and ESTHER CADDIN were indicted; the first for stealing a silver tea spoon, value two shillings ; the property of William Smith ; and the other for receiving the same well knowing it to have been stolen , October 30th . *

Both acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-46
VerdictNot Guilty

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62 (2d. M.) MATTHEW ABRAHAM, otherwise ABRAHAMS was indicted for stealing a pair of Russia linen sheets, value two shillings ; the property of Herbert Bath .

Second Count; laying them to be the property of Ann Smout , widow, October 18th . *

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-47
VerdictNot Guilty

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63. (L.) ELIZABETH GREEN was indicted for stealing seven yards of thread lace, value ten shillings; the property of Joseph Green , privately in the shop, of the said Joseph , November 19th . +

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-48

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64. (L.) BENJAMIN PHILLIPS was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value two shillings , the property of Daniel Sill , October 26 . +

Daniel Sill . On the 26th of October; between six and seven in the evening, coming up Broad-Street, Austin-Fryers : I found my handkerchief drawing out of my pocket; I turned round, and seized the prisoner with it in his hand; there were some boys behind him, who got the handkerchief from him: I secured him, and he was committed, he is so altered now, I don't know him; he was committed by the name of Phillips.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing about it; I am not the boy; I was put in Newgate very wrongfully.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-49

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65. (L.) ALEXANDER COOK was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value ten pence ; the property of Thomas Resbrook , November 9th . +

Thomas Resbrook . I lost my handkerchief, at the foot of Black-Fryars Bridge , on Lord Mayor's Day; just as my Lord Mayor landed. I had pin'd it in my pocket, with a very large pin; I felt a hard pull at my pocket: I turned round and saw the prisoner run away: I pursued and took him; he threw the handkerchief away: (the handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Alexander Scott , confirmed the prosecutors evidence.

The prisoner in his defence, said, he picked up the handkerchief in the crowd.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-50

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66. (L.) EDWARD FLATHER was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value ten pence ; the property of Michael Ham , November 7th . +

Michael Ham . On the 7th of November, between six and seven in the evening, going by Field-Lane, Holborn ; I felt something at my pocket; I turned round and laid hold of the prisoner's hand with my handkerchief in it: I took the handkerchief from him, and charged a constable with him: (the handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Thomas Watson who was in company with the prosecutor confirmed his evidence.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never saw the handkerchief.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-51

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67. (L.) JOHN HODGES was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value ten pence , the property of Nathaniel Thawley , December 7th . ++

Nathaniel Thawley . Last night, between six and seven o'clock, a I was going up Lombard-street, I felt my handkerchief go out of my pocket: I laid hold of the prisoner, and found my handkerchief in his hand.

The handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.

Thomas Lane. I am a constable: I had charge of the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never had the handkerchief,

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-52
VerdictNot Guilty

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68. (2d. M.) ANN JOHNSON was indicted for stealing two cheque linen bed curtains, value eight shillings; a cheque linen window curtain, value six shillings; a brass fender, value two shillings; and a pair of bellows, value one shilling; the property of William Waldeck ; the said goods being in a certain lodging-room, let by contract, by the said said William, to the said Ann , June 29th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-53
VerdictNot Guilty

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69. (2d. M.) JOHN CONNOWAY was indicted for stealing one hundred and sixty pounds weight of lead, value twenty shillings; the property of John Johnson ; being affixed to a certain building, of the said John . Against the statute, October 20th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-54
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

70. (2d. M.) GEORGE COLLOP was indicted for stealing six pair of silk and worsted stockings, value thirty shillings; and eleven pair of worsted stockings, value twelve shillings; the property of Hugh Wright , privately, in the stop of the said Hugh , November 12th . ++

Hugh Wright . I am a hosier . On the 12th of November, I went out about eleven o'clock: when I returned, which was about four, I missed the stockings, mentioned in the indictment, out of the window: I saw them about an hour before I went out; they were offered to sale in Rosemary-Lane, and stopped.

They were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.

James Flemming . The prisoner offered me the stockings to sale: I suspected him; and took him before Justice Sherwood; there he said, he found them on a butcher's block at White Chapell: when I told him they were advertised: he said, he was willing to go before a justice.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to drink part of a pint of beer, and found them on a butcher's block, in White-Chapell.

He called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of four shillings and ten pence , T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-55

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71. (2d. M.) WILLIAM HIPDITCH was indicted for plucking up, digging up, breaking, spoiling, and carrying away twenty-eight shrubs, called Myrtles, value thirty shillings; belonging to Lewis Kennedy , and James Lee , and then growing, and standing in the Nursery ground of the said Lewis and James , against the statute, October 27th . ++

Lewis Kennedy . I am a nursery man , at Hammersmith , in partnership with Mr. Lee. On the 28th of October, I was told by one of my servants that I had been robbed. I went into the nursery, and found many of the myrtle plants had been taken out of the pots I kept them in. The prisoner was there at times; when he was taken up, he confessed he had taken them.

William Bailey . On the 29th of October, I was led to suspect the prisoner, by an advertisement, and he was selling the plants so very cheap, that the price raised my suspicion; I charged him with having stole them. I took him before the justice, and there he confessed that he did steal them; he said, he laid the hurdle and board over the ditch and so got into the nursery.

James Thornhill was before the Justice who confirmed the evidence of the last witness.

The prisoner in his defence denied the charge; but called no witnesses.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-56
VerdictNot Guilty

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72. (2d M.) ELIZABETH ACRES , was indicted for stealing a callico bed gown, value five shillings; a silk handkerchief, value two shillings; two guineas, a half guinea, a quarter guinea and seven shillings and six-pence in money numbered , the property of Sarah Bennet , singlewoman, September 20th . ++

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-57

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73. (2d M.) JOHN DILLON was indicted for stealing a blunderbuss mounted with brass, value thirty shillings, the property of Mary Dowager Countess of Shelburne , and one man's hat trimmed with gold lace, value nine shillings ; the property of Thomas Dunkett , November 9th .

The hat was produced by the pawnbroker, who received it of the prisoner, and the prisoner confessed in court that he committed the crime with which he stood charged.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-58
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > theft under 1s
SentencesCorporal > whipping

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74 (2d M.) ANN BERKLEY, otherwise BARTLEY ; was indicted for stealing seventeen yards of printed linen cloth, value

fifty shillings , the property of William Bloome , October the 27th . ++

Acquitted .

ANN BERKLEY was a second time indicted for stealing a linen gown, value fourteen shillings, and a black silk cloak, value eighteen shillings , the property of Elizabeth Ferguson , Spinster, November the 9th . ++

Elizabeth Ferguson . I lodge in Oxford Buildings , in the same house the prisoner lodged in. On the 8th of November, between six and seven in the evening, I was up in her room; my gown was then hanging upon a nail in my room: while I was in her room she went down into mine, to fetch a piece of salve off the mantle-piece. When I returned, I missed my gown: I afterwards found it at the pawn-proker's.

Thomas Page . I am a pawn-broker. On the 9th of November, the prisoner brought this gown and cloak to pawn, (producing them) I taxed her with stealing the linen she brought before, and she ran out of the shop: she was pursued, and taken.

(The gown and cloak deposed to by the prosecutrix.

Prisoner's Defence.

The prosecutrix gave me the things to pawn for her.

Prosecutrix. I gave her no orders to pawn them; she never pawned any thing for me but a hat.

Guilty of stealing to the value of ten-pence .

[Whipping. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-59
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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75 (2d M.) SUSANNAH, the wife of JOHN HOOTON , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value four shillings; two linen shirts, value two shillings; and a linen neckcloth, value one shilling ; the property of Phillip Greare , October the 27th . ++

Phillip Greare . The prisoner was my servant . On the 27th of October, in the afternoon she asked to go out: when she was gone, I went up stairs, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment: she not returning that night, I suspected she had taken them. I sent my wife to enquire among the pawnbrokers, and she found them.

Jasper Notley . I am a pawn-broker: these two sheets, two shirts, and a neckcloth, (producing them) were pawned at my house, by the prisoner, on the 27th of October

Prosecutor. I know the things to be mine.

Prisoner's Defence

I pawned them for Mrs. Greare, and in her name.

Notley. She used to pawn things for Mrs. Greare.

Prosecutor. She once pawned something for us and took too much money for it; my wife is lying-in and could not come.

Guilty of stealing to the value of Ten-pence .

[Whipping. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-60
VerdictNot Guilty

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76. (M.) ELIZABETH BURKE was indicted for stealing a pair of muslin ruffles, value two shillings; a pair of steel scissars, value six-pence and a linen clout, value six-pence , the property of Richard Dudman , October 11th ++.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-61
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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77. (M). JOHN ROOKE was indicted for stealing a bridle with a bit plated with silver, value forty shillings , the property of John Hall , November 25th ++.

The prosecutor was called, but not appearing his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-62
VerdictNot Guilty

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78. ROBERT SCOTLAND , was indicted for stealing three hundred pounds weight of lead, value twenty-five shillings , the property of George Foster Tuffnell , Esq ; October 26th ++.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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79. (M.) MARY ROBINSON , was indicted for stealing two guineas and a half guinea the property of Richard Vincent , October 23d .

The witnesses were called, but not appearing, their recognizance were ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-64
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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80, 81, 82. (M.) CHARLOTTE SPIERS , MARGARET M'CULLOGH and SARAH GRAHAM , were indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe buckles, value five shillings; a pair of leather gloves value six-pence; a linen shirt, value three shillings; a pair of worsted stockings, value three shillings, and eight guineas, two half guineas, and eight shillings, in money numbered , the property of John Handley , November 8th . +

John Handley . I am a countryman; a weaver ; a perfect stranger in town; I came out of the country, but was not able to find my friends: I had been drinking the whole day: I was in liquor. About six in the evening: I don't know where I was, but I was somewhere about Covent-Garden: I met with M'Cullogh, as I believe: I enquired of her, for a lodging; she carried me to a lodging; I undressed and went to bed immediately; I waked in about two hours and missed the things mentioned in the indictment, and about ten pounds in money out of my breeches pocket, and my buckles out of my shoes; I dressed myself and called out I was robbed. Graham brought up a candle, and I immediately secured her, and insisted she should shew me the person that had brought me into the room. When we came down stairs, I laid hold of another at the door, but she got away; I got to a constable and afterward, some of my things were found: I cannot say I was sober, but I think I was sober enough to know that M'Cullogh is the person that called me up.

Lawrence Pearson . The prisoner Spiers, pawned this shirt with me (producing it), on the 8th of November, about eight at night; she pretended it belonged to one Flannagan, her husband, who lodged in Maynard-street, St. Giles's.

Prosecutor. I am not able to say certainly, that that is the shirt; I bought it that very evening; all the notice I took of it was, it had large buttons.

Ann Stephens . I met with this prosecutor by accident, drinking at a public-house, at the end of Newtoner's-Lane ; he said his portmanteau was not come to town, he wanted a shirt and asked me to go with him to buy one; he being in company at that time with another woman, which other woman was in liquor, I went with him to a pawnbroker's where he bought a shirt: I remember he made an objection to it, on account of the large buttons; I told him he might have it altered.

Thomas Lyon . The prosecutor was brought to my house very much in liquor, he said, he had been robbed. Graham the prisoner came voluntarily to me, and said, she had heard I was enquiring after her; she said, she knew nothing about the robbery; but that M'Cullogh had been in the room; and she said, she would shew us M'Cullogh. By her means we found M'Cullogh, and challenged her with robbing the man; she denied it, we searched her, and found a pair of buckles concealed under the peak of her stays; we searched further in the room (it was Spiers's room) we found there a pair of gloves in a woman's pocket apron, and we found seven shillings and six-pence upon M'Cullogh; she had no other money. (The buckles and gloves were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.

Spiers's Defence.

The shirt which I pawned at Pearson's, was the shirt of a young man I kept company with, for whom I pawned it.

M'Cullogh's Defence.

I was in the room with this man; he was very much in liquor; he brought me home and wanted to lie with me; I said, I must have some present made me; he said, he had been spending his money with another woman and had none; but he would leave his buckles for half a crown; he was to come again and redeem them.

For Spiers.

Alice Finch . I am the mother of Spiers, I went to Justice Welch's office upon hearing that my daughter, and the rest of them were in company; I saw the prosecutor and Stephens stand together there; the prosecutor said, Nancy, give me two or three shillings: she said, she had none; he bid her pawn her cloak, or he would blow her; she said, you know you gave me the cloak and a piece of linen; he said, you know I know you robbed me of a guinea; hearing this conversation, I asked Stephens whether she knew the person; she said, yes, she had been drinking all day with him, and he had given her a cloak, and they

were to have gone together to the play; but somehow they missed one another in the street.

Prosecutor. There might some such thing pass at Justice Welch's office about a guinea; I had laid out some money upon this Stephens and given her a cloak.

M'Cullogh Guilty of stealing the buckles .

The other two acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-65

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83. (M.) HENRY JONES, otherwise MAUNDERS , was indicted for stealing a copper, value forty shillings , the property of James Taylor , October 26th . +

James Taylor . This was an old copper, it used to stand in a hay-loft, where I live, it was lost between the 26th and 27th of October, or there about; I was not at home at the time; when I came home on the Sunday morning, it had been taken away and brought back again.

Richard Barnard . On Thursday either the 26th or 27th of October, I took up the prisoner in Hogg-Lane, with this copper (producing it) which he was offering to sale; he first of all, said it was his own, afterwards he said he had been employed by another man (who was with him at the time, and who ran away) to sell this copper.

Taylor. This is my copper, the prisoner must have seen it scores of times; he used to go up at times and fetch corn out of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was only employed as a porter , I never offered it to sale at all; but the other people that hired me as a porter offered it to sale.

For the Prisoner.

Mary Croney . There were two other people with the prisoner; but the prisoner asked me if I bought copper.

Taylor. I know nothing to impeach his character, as an honest man; I turned him away for keeping bad hours.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-66
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

84. (M.) JOSEPH SPENCER was indicted for stealing a hand saw, value three shillings, and a tenant saw value three shillings , the property of Francis Curtis , November 19th . +

Francis Curtis . I left my tools upon the bench, at a house I was repairing on the 19th of November, while I went to dinner; when I returned they were gone. I went to enquire at different pawnbrokers, and found one of the saws in Carnaby-market, the other in Wardour-street. Mr. Layton, to whom I had given information, stopped the prisoner with the tenant saw.

Thomas Layton . On the 19th of November in the evening, the prisoner offered this saw to pledge; having information of it, I sent to Litchfield-street and secured the prisoner.

The tenant saw produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.

Isaac Bannister . This hand saw (producing it) was brought to our shop on the 19th of November and pawned by the prisoner.

Prosecutor. It is my saw.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought these two saws of a carpenter for six shillings; being short of money, I went and pawned them again the same evening.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-67

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(M.) 85. 86. ELIZABETH BOOTH and ELIZABETH BURBRIDGE were indicted for stealing a silver watch, value thirty-eight shillings , the property of James Smith , November 1st .

Henry Smith . I am a brewer's servant, I met the prisoner, she asked me if I would be be a penny with her, I said, I would. I was two-pence halfpenny, and another man, a penny; we had a pot of beer in her own apartment in Horns-Court, Petticoat-Lane , I put my watch upon the table while I drank, there were three women in company: Booth took my watch off the table, and they handed it from one to another, till I lost it, I said, Bet, you know me very well, what do you mean by taking my watch; she said, she had not taken it, there were Booth and Burbridge and another woman that was in company; I secured one woman, that was the means of these two being taken up.

The constable examined them apart, and at length drew from them where the watch was. We took Booth to a house where they said the watch was in pledge; there we found the watch; it was in pawn for half a guinea, or some such sum.

The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.

The Prisoners in their defence said, that Smith lent them the watch to pledge, to raise a little money.

Both Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-68
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

Related Material

87. (M.) JAMES BROWN, otherwise HOLLOWAY , was indicted for stealing a gelding value five pounds , the property of William Kinnersley October 5th .

The prosecutor was called and not appearing, his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-69
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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88. (L.) WILLIAM COOKE was indicted for stealing a piece of camblet, containing thirty-six yards, value thirty-five shillings, the property of John Hunt , privately in the shop of the said John , October 27th . *

John Hunt . I keep a mercer's shop in Houndsditch ; the prisoner came to my shop on the 27th of October, to match a patern with a green cloth under his arm; I shewed him several camblets, at last, there was one he thought would do, but we could not agree about the price; when he was going away, I thought I saw something under his wrapper; I charged him with having taken something, and on searching him, I found concealed under his green cloth the silks mentioned in the other indictment. I committed him to the Compter, this was on Thursday, on the Saturday, a gentleman called to me in the street, and said, he believed he had something that belonged to me and produced the camblet, which he said was left by the prisoner (the camblet produced in court.)

I know the camblet to be mine, I number every piece of goods I have in my shop, this is my numbering, it is No. 4883.

James Elisha . I keep a public-house in Houndsditch, on the 27th of October, the prisoner came into my house, and had a dram, and he desired me to take care of this camblet for him; afterwards hearing Mr. Hunt was robbed, I informed him of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all about the camblet, I am innocent.

He called six witnesses who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of stealing them privately in the shop .

[Death. See summary.]

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-70

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89. RICHARD MITCHELL was indicted for feloniously secreting one letter then lately sent by the post, by Francis Whitfield , from Lewes in the county of Sussex, to Mr. John Moxham , merchant, at Lymington in Hampshire, which letter then came to the hands and possession of the said Richard Mitchell , being a person employed in sorting letters and packets in the General Post Office, and which letter contained a Bank Note of the value of one hundred pounds, marked No. 13. 214. dated London, the 13th Day of September 1774, and signed by one John Warren , for the Governor and Co. of the Bank of England, by which the said John Warren for the said Governor, &c. did promise to pay to Mr. Apsley Brett , or bearer, on demand, the sum of one hundred pounds. Against the statute, &c.

Second Count. The same as the first, only the note set out in the words and figures.

Third Count. For feloniously stealing the said Bank Note out of the said letter, describing the direction of the letter, and purport of the Bank Note, and that the same came to his hands, he being employed, &c. Against the statute. - laying the note to be the property of Francis Whitfield .

Fourth Count. The same as the third, only laying the note to be the property of John Moxham .

Fifth Count. For feloniously stealing from

the General Post Office , one letter signed and subscribed by one Francis Whitfield , and dated 24th September, 1774, and directed to Mr. John Moxham , merchant , Lymington, Hants. Against the Statute.

Sixth Count. The same as fifth, with the addition, that the letter was of the value of one hundred pounds, and the property of the said Thomas Whitfield .

Seventh Count. The same as the 6th, laying the letter to be the property of John Moxham . *

Humphrey Walcot . I am third clerk in the secretary's office in the General Post Office; the prisoner was appointed a junior facier of letters in the inland department of the General Post Office .

William Bolton , Esq; I am Comptroller of the bye-nights; the prisoner at the bar was an officer in my department; his business was on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, in an evening, with other junior sorters, to sort the letters that come out of the country, and which were to go into the country again, and on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, it was his business to attend in the morning after they are sorted, these letters are to be carried over to the respective roads, to be dispatched that night. The letters that don't go that night, are put over to the respective roads, to go on Tuesday night; on Monday the 26th of September, the prisoner was upon duty, as usual in sorting letters; he had been ill from the 11th of April to the 18th; but from that time down to the 26th of September, he attended as a sorter of letters; a letter from Lewis in Sussex, to Lymington, might therefore probably go into his hands; there are six or seven persons in all employed in that business; a letter of Saturday the 24th of September, coming from Lewis reaches the office in town on the 26th, about eight or nine o'clock, it must come to our Office in London to go to Lymington, because there is no cross post from that place, and they set out from our office about two o'clock on Tuesday night, or Wednesday morning, and itwill arrive at Lymington in the usual course late on Wednesday.

Cross Examination.

Q. Is there any appointment in writing?

Mr. Balton, The mode of appointing this office is in the book; he was appointed a junior facier, upon the death of one Dixon, but after that, they gradually rise without any new appointment, and become a sorter: there is no appointment in writing after the first. I am the person that appoints them: and now we have a great many more officers than formerly we had upon the bye nights, as there are a great many more letters: we used to have not above three, now we have six or seven sorters.

Francis Whitfield . I live at Lewis. On Saturday, the 24th of September, I had occasion to send a bank note to Mr. John Moxham at Lymington: I copied the bank note before I put it into the letter. I put it into the Post-office box at Lewis, directed to John Moxham merchant, at Lymington, Hants: the bank-note was for a hundredpounds, No. B. 214. signed by J. Warren, to payable Apsley Brett , or bearer, on demand; entered September 13th 1774: by William Dunn . (the note was produced in court, which corresponded with that description.) There was nothing wrote upon it at the time I put it into the letter.

On his cross Examination, respecting the manner of his putting it into the box; he said, he dropped it in at the slit of the box, in the usual way.

Samuel Dunston . I am Clerk to the Post office at Lewes; there was a letter put in on Saturday the 24th of September, directed to London, or Lymington. They go away on Monday morning. I remember a letter of Mr. Whitfield's, directed to Mr. Moxham, at Lymington, Hants.

Q. How; do you know it was Mr. Whitfield's.

Dunston. I know Mr. Whitfield's hand-writing, as well as I do my own. I charged it sixpence to London, seeing that it was a double letter.

Thomas Bailey . I am assistant Clerk of the Kent-road, on Monday the 26th of October. I was at the general Post office. I opened the Lewes bag and counted the number of letters. I found them agreeable to the Lewes postmaster's bill, and the charges that were therein. If any letter had been taken out, I should have discovered it by the letters not agreeing with the bill of the post-master; the charges are made at Lewes, and sent up with the bill to the post office at London.

London. The first thing, is to stamp the letters, and then sort them out, it would go on Tuesday evening to Lymington: I was not there myself on Monday night; but it was the prisoner's duty to attend on Monday night, and I attended on Tuesday: this Lewes bag comes in the mail, but the bag is never opened till it comes to the General Post-Office, in London: a letter at Lewes, would be put into the East-Grinstead bag: Lewes bag would not be opened to receive it: after the Post-Master seals the bag, it is never opened till it comes up to London.

Dunstan. We examine the seals, in order to see whether they are broke: a post-boy may take a letter after the bag is sealed, and deliver it at the next post town, but not into the bag of the post town.

Mary Fossett . I was servant to the prisoner; in September last; the prisoner has a lodging at Chigwell, in Essex; and another in Leather-Lane, Holborn. On Wednesday the 28th of September, the day before Michaelmas Day, between ten and eleven in the forenoon, the prisoner gave me a bank note of one hundred pounds to get cash for: I employed Richard Davis , a porter, to get cash for it; he lives in St. Dunstan's-Court, Fleet-Street: he brought me the money, and I gave it to my mistress in Leather Lane; my master was gone to the office; the next day, my master asked me, if I had got the money: I said, I had, and had delivered it to my mistress.

Cross Examination.

Q. Can you be precise to the day?

Mary Fossett . It was the day before Michaelmas-Day.

Q. Are you sure, you had this note of the prisoner?

Mary Fossett . Yes. I am sure, I had it of my master, between ten and eleven o'clock.

Richard Davis . I am a ticket porter, at No. 2. in St. Dunstan's-Court, Fleet-Street: Mary Fossett has been with me ever since was before the justice: on the 28th of September, she brought me a bank note in a little canvas bag, and desired me to get cash for it at the bank; I went to the bank, and received it, and wrote my name upon it, (looks upon the bank note) that is my name, that is upon it, it is my own hand writing: I gave the money to the maid; the reason of this maid's having been with me, there were some apprehension she might be out of the way; I was security for her appearance, and so she was put in my custody.

Q. What was you paid for carrying the note?

Richard Davis . Three guineas.

Q. to Fossett. How did that happen?

Mary Fossett . My master ordered me to give two or three guineas to the porter.

William Dunn . I am a note maker at the bank, the entry of William Dunn upon that note is wrote by me, and John Warren is a cashier in the bank, that J. Warren upon the note, is his hand writing; the note appears to be paid, by its being cancelled.

Prisoner's Defence.

Please you, my Lord, I find, I am charged with embezzling letters; one Mr. Bedford brought me the note in the morning, and desired me to get cash for it; and accordingly, I gave it to the maid, and desired her to get the cash: I went out, and I never came home, or set my eyes more upon it, or see the money: I never gave her any orders to give any such money: I said, just gave enough to satisfy him: I knew nothing of his face: Mr. Bedford promised me, that if -

Court. Who is Bedford?

Mr. Bolton. He was in my department, he died about three weeks ago; he poisoned himself. Bedford visited me while I was in Newgate, and promised to surrender himself up to justice, if any harm happened to me, and begged for God's sake, I would not betray him.

For the Prisoner.

- Walsh. Curiosity led me to see the prisoner in Newgate: a young fellow of the post-office came to see him; while I was with him in the tap-room, there were two or three

young fellows with him from the post-office; one he called Bedford: I asked him, if he was an officer of the post-office, he told me they were in the same department as himself.

Cross Examination.

Q. Where do you live?

Walsh. In George Street.

Q. to Humphry Walcot. Do you know, that this Bedford was a sorter to the post-office?

Walcot. I believe he was.

Q. That young man is lately dead?

Walcot. Yes.

Q. There was a report in the office, that he had poisoned himself?

Walsh. Bedford appeared to be in good health at that time.

James Ward . I have known the prisoner these fourteen or fifteen years.

Q. What is his general character?

Ward. I don't know, since he came to the office. His father and mother have been very honest, and he was always, as I understood, reckoned a sober young fellow, before he came to this office; I know nothing of him since.

John Jackson . I have known him twenty years, he has good a character.

Henry Chamberlyn . I have known the prisoner from an infant: I have not had any knowledge of him since he has been in the office.

- Cooke. I have known him eighteen years, he always bore a good character in the neighbourhood, I have not known him since he has been in the office.

Robert Wolfe . I have known him twelve months; he lodged at my house half a year, he always behaved himself well, I looked upon him to be a very honest man, that was his general character.

Thomas Longstaff . I have known the prisoner fifteen or sixteen years, I never heard any thing but a good character of him in my life: I have not known him since he has been in the office: I lived near his father's and mother's.

Fielding Hampson. I have known him from a child, he had always the character of an honest good lad.

Charles Holloway . I have known him from his infancy; I was always intimately acquainted with his father and mother, they alwaysspoke of him as a good child.

Q. In short, he bore a good character?

Holloway. Yes.

For the Prosecutor.

Mr. Anthony Parkins . I was sent for to the post-office on Monday evening, the 9th or 10th of October, on account of the bank note being traced to have been paid at the bank to Davis, the porter who had been at the post-office, and declared, he received it from the prisoner's maid servant; the prisoner was then asked, either by the secretary, or me, (I am not positive) which where he got the note, he said, he never had it; he was examined at Sir John Fielding 's, and said the same there.

Guilty upon the third Count . Death .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-71
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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90. (L.) WILLIAM COOKE was indicted for stealing two pieces of sattin containing forty four yards, value sixteen pounds the property of John Hunt , privately, in the shop of the said John , October 27 . *

John Hunt . The prisoner came into my shop and asked to see some camlets; we differed about the price, and he did not buy any. I was at first much engaged with some customers, and afterwards removed to the back part of the shop, where the prisoner was, and then the prisoner was in the act of taking up his wrapper, which he had laid on the Compter, and was about to put it under his arm; I thought I saw something concealed under the wrapper; I jumped over the Compter, and said, what are you going to do with these things? He answered, Lord bless me, Sir, what things? I missed some sattins off the compter that I had shewn to a lady that afternoon: he said, he had nothing belonging to me; I opened his wrapper and found these sattins (producing them) in it and a coat.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had nothing but the coat and wrapper under my arm; the prosecutor collared me, and said, you dog, I will knock your brains out: and tore my cloaths he found nothing upon me; when he searched me I was very drunk.

Hunt. I believe he was as sober as I am. I did tear his coat and waistcoat in endeavouring to find out my goods, as we were surrounded by, I believe twenty people, I was afraid of a rescue.

Guilty Death .

Recommended to his Majesty's mercy both by the Jury and the Prosecutor ,

*** See

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-72

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91. (2d M.) HENRY WELCH was indicted for stealing five pieces of printed cotton, value five pounds; a piece of velveret, value three pounds; and five pieces of irish linen, value five pounds , the property of Joseph Tawlin and John Emerson , November 4th . ++

Mouson Hodges . I am servant to Mr. Emerson, who is a callico printer . There were lost out of the printing shop, the things mentioned in the indictment: my master sent me to Rosemary-Lane to enquire if any such things were offered to sale. I saw some of it in the possession of one Mary James ; it was unfinished work.

William Edwards . I am servant to Mr. Emerson; there were four pieces of cotton and a piece of velveret brought to me about the first of November; I had some in my care till the 4th; I missed them when I came on the 5th of November in the morning: they were brought me by one Smith to print: they are double printings; I printed them therefore with one print, and had began the velveret with the second print.

Edward Bishop . I locked the shop up between five and six o'clock at night; they were there then. I missed them next morning; I found the bricks taken out, and the shop broke open.

Q. from the Prisoner. Whether you ever saw me about the place.

Bishop. I cannot say whether I did or not.

John Dixon . I attend at Justice Sherwood's office; I had a warrant against John Connor . Mrs. James said, she bought the handkerchiefs that were produced of Connor. I served the warrant upon him when he was a-bed: he went and shewed us where Welch lived, and said he had them of him: in searching Welch's apartments, I found these three pieces of irish cloth and a dark lanthorn,

Prisoner. That man would swear a man's life away for five-shillings; if he got nothing at all by it.

(The pieces of cloth produced in court.)

Hodges. I believe them to be the same that were lost, but I cannot swear to them.

Q. from the Prisoner. Whether I did not resign myself up to you.

Hodges. Yes.

Charles Murthwaite . I am a pawnbroker; I took in three pieces of printed cotten of Ann Cayny , and a handkerchief; (producing them.)

Hodges. I believe these to be my master's property, Edwards is the man that made the pattern.

Edwards. These are part of the four cottons that I printed.

Ann Cayney . On Saturday night four weeks ago, my brother called me up and gave me the bundle with two gowns in it, and said, I must pawn it; I never saw what was in it: he bid me ask a guinea.

Q. Who employed you?

Cayney. Mr. Conolly. Welch took up the money to see if it was a good guinea, and offered me a shilling for my trouble. I would not take it up.

Mary James . Mr. Hodges, had one handkerchief of me that I bought among four others.

John Conner . I am a labourer: I had this handkerchief of the prisoner: I don't know the day of the month: I sold it to Mary James publickly: I don't know how the prisoner came by it, no more than the child unborn; here is a girl that was present when I received it of him.

I keep a chandlers shop, and sell odds and ends, and such like things: I sold it publickly in Rag-Fair.

Mary Wilcox . I was present when the prisoner left this handkerchief with Connor, he left it for bread and cheese, and other things that he had.

John Orange . I found these things in his room.

Patrick Connolly . The prisoner came to me, about nine o'clock on Saturday morning, he brought me out from my work, where I was, and said, he had some smuggled goods, he desired I would get them pawned, and went along with me, to Cayney; she pawned them, and gave him the guinea in his hand: I am a stone-sawyer, the prisoner gave them me, and Ann Cayney paid him the money.

Cayney. I laid the money down on the table, Connolly and Welch took it up: Connolly employed me, I had not seen Welch, or any body else before: I never saw Welch till after I had pawned the things: I went to the Bull's-head, as Connolly desired, and there I saw him, and the prisoner, the prisoner gave me a shilling for my trouble, and offered Connolly another, he took it up, and looked at it a great while to see if it was good.

Prisoner's Defence

I never touch'd the money, or ever gave her the cloth even to pawn.

Guilty T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-73

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92. (M) MARY WELLBRAND, otherwise WHITEREAD, otherwise SOMMERS was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value three shillings; a pair of laced ruffles, value five shillings; and a pair of mourning ruffles, value one shilling; the property of Edward Jenningham , Esq ; two muslin handkerchiefs, value three shillings, and ten guineas, and two half guineas, the property of Elizabeth Tozer , spinster; one pair of silk stockings, value one shilling; one laced hood, value ten pence; a piece of blue ribbond, value one shilling; and one nett handkerchief, value sixpence; the property of William Clawes , in the dwelling-house of the said William , November 5th . *

William Clowes deposed, that he is a milliner and haberdasher , in Conduit-Street, Hanover-Square : that Mr. Jenningham lodges in his first floor: that the prisoner came to live servant with him, on the 25th of October: and that on, or about the 28th he missed several things out of the shop; that having some reasons to suspect the prisoner; and upon an application to her, to see the contents of her trunk, she said, she had lost the key; but observing she concealed something in her hand, they opened her hand, and found the key of her trunk; that searching her trunk, they found a shirt, marked with the initials of Mr. Jenningham's name, a pair of his laced ruffles, nine guineas, and near twenty shillings in silver, and the rest of the articles mentioned in the indictment; some of which had his private shop mark on them.

The prisoner in her defence, denied the charge, and called several witnesses to prove that she had ten or fifteen pounds in money, when she went into Mr. Clowes service.

Not guilty of stealing the money, but guilty of stealing the goods , T .

7th December 1774
Reference Numbert17741207-74
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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93. (M.) MARY WELLS was indicted for stealing a drab surtout coat, value thirty shillings , the property of Henry Mackendar October 27 .

Henry Mackendar deposed, that he lives in Tottenham-Court Road ; that his great coat was stole out of his parlour in the last week in October: that upon enquiring among the pawnbrokers, he found it at a Mr. Leyton's in Wardour-street, who informed him that it was pawned in the name of Mary Wells : that the prisoner had formerly lived in a house of his brother's, and still lived in the neighbourhood, of which circumstance he informed the pawnbroker: that they went to the prisoners house and the pawnbroker declaring positively, that she was the person who pawned the great coat, she was taken into custody.

Thomas Leyton deposed: that the prisoner pawned the great coat (which was produced in court, and immediately deposed to by the prosecutor) at his shop on the 27th of October. That he took particular notice of her; that

she had on a black cloak and black bonnet, and that he was positive as to her person, that he could point her out if she was among a thousand women. That the prisoner was taken up on the Tuesday after; and that the bonnet and cloak she wore when before the justice were the same she had on when at his shop.

James Smith , a pawnbroker in OxfordRoad, deposed, that the coat produced, was offered to pawn at his shop, by a woman; but he did not take notice enough of her to know her again.

James Vincent , who is apprentice to Mr. Leyton, deposed, that he was in the shop when the coat was pawned, and that he was positive that it was the prisoner who pledged it.

The Prisoner in her defence denied the charge.

And call'd

Ann Westbrok . Who deposed that she assisted the prisoner in washing for four days, and that the prisoner was not once out of the house on Thursday the 27th of October.

- Smithson. A daughter of the prisoners, by a former husband, and who is 14 years old, deposed to the same effect as the last witness, and further, that her mother wore her (the witnesses) bonnet (which she produced in court) and not her own, when she went before the Justice, likewise that the prisoner had never wore that bonnet before, and that her mother, had not a black bonnet.

Mary Welch . Deposed that the Prosecutor told her in the street about last Christmas, that the prisoner was a whore as well as herself (the witness) and that he would be revenged of her before long.

This witness was asked by the Jury, whether she had a husband or not.

To which she replied, that her husband is a sell-monger and breeches maker in Pall-mall, but that they did not live together because her husband is rather extravagant but she is industrious; that she has two little rooms, one of which she occupied herself and the other she lets to a gentlewoman.

The Prisoner called several witnesses to her character.

Charles Pemlow . A cheesemonger in Red-Lion-Street, Holborn; said the prisoner was a customer, that she paid him for what she had; but he knew nothing of her friends and connexions.

John Peregrine Breme , who lives at No. 5. in Queen's-Buildings, Islington, who had been acquainted with the prisoner, twelve months, said, he knew her to be a strict, sober well-behaved, upright, just woman.

- Pemlow, who lives in Spaw Row, deposed, that she had known the prisoner three or four years, and that she is an honest well-behaved woman.

For the Prosecution.

Thomas Leyton , deposed that the bonnet produced in court by the prisoner's daughter was not the bonnet she wore when before the justice; he said that bonnet was a plain mode, this a figured sattin, and that the paterns were widely different.

Guilty of stealing to the value of ten-pence .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Coleby, Charles Jones, William Lewis, John Rann, William Lane, Samuel Trotman.
7th December 1774
Reference Numbero17741207-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Coleby , Charles Jones , William Lewis , John Rann , William Lane , and Samuel Trotman , who were capital convicts last sessions were executed at Tyburn; on Wednesday, the 30th of November. The rest of the capital convicts were respitedd uring His Majesty's pleasure.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. John Coleby, Charles Jones, William Lewis, John Rann, William Lane, Samuel Trotman.
7th December 1774
Reference Numbers17741207-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The Trials being ended, the Court proceedid to give judgment as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 15.

William Cook , Richard Mitchell , William Pritchard , Peter Thane , Edward Parker , Richard Hawke , Charles Rogers , William Octoby , Joseph Horton , Amos Meritt , John Williams , Edward Blackmore , and William Clifton .

Transportation for seven years, 39.

William Smith , Lewis Sharkey , Andrew Elder , John Welch , Samuel Leidford , Benjamin Phillips , Alexander Cook , Edward Flather , John Hodges , Abraham Butterfield , Ralph Emanuel , William Pierse , Ann Duffin , Sarah Adkins , William French , Lewis Legay , Thomas Ellis , Mary Welbrand , James Stewart , Henry Elber , Thomas Fenby , George Collop , William Hipditch , John Dillon , Henry Welch , Margaret McClough , Henry Jones , Elizabeth Booth Elizabeth Burbridge , Hannah Smith , Mary Tranter , John Watkins , Thomas Scott , William Jones , William Storey , Thomas Gilman , and William George .

Whipped, 5.

John Howard , Mary Sampson , Ann Berkley , Susannah Hooton , Joseph Spencer , and Mary Wells .

Branded and imprisoned for one year, 2.

Thomas Bailis , and Thomas Day .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Coleby, Charles Jones, William Lewis, John Rann, William Lane, Samuel Trotman.
7th December 1774
Reference Numbers17741207-1
SentenceDeath > executed

Related Material

John Coleby , Charles Jones , William Lewis , John Rann , William Lane , and Samuel Trotman , who were capital convicts last sessions were executed at Tyburn; on Wednesday, the 30th of November. The rest of the capital convicts were respitedd uring His Majesty's pleasure.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
7th December 1774
Reference Numbera17741207-1

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Trials at Law, Pleadings, Debates, &c.

Accurately taken down in SHORT HAND, Also the Art of SHORT WRITING completely and expeditiously taught, By JOSEPH GURNEY , SOUTHAMPTON BUILDINGS, near STAPLES-INN;

Of whom may be had, the eighth Edition of BRACHYGRAPHY, or SHORT WRITING Made easy to the meanest Capacity, Price bound, 8 s.

The Book is also sold by his Sister MARTHA GURNEY , Bookseller, No. 34, Bell-yard near Temple-Bar.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
7th December 1774
Reference Numbera17741207-2

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Trials at Law, Pleadings, Debates, &c.

Accurately taken down in SHORT HAND, Also the Art of SHORT WRITING completely and expeditiously taught, By JOSEPH GURNEY , SOUTHAMPTON BUILDINGS, near STAPLES-INN;

Of whom may be had, the eighth Edition of BRACHYGRAPHY, or SHORT WRITING Made easy to the meanest Capacity, Price bound, 8 s.

The Book is also sold by his Sister MARTHA GURNEY , Bookseller, No. 34, Bell-yard near Temple-Bar.

On Saturday the 31st of December, will be published, [Price Six-pence.] To be continued Weekly. NUMBER I. OF THE LIFE OF ROBERT LORD CLIVE , Baron Plassey . WHEREIN Are Impartially Deliniated his Military Talents in the Field, his Maxims of Government in the Cabinet during the two last wars in the East Indies, which made him the Arbiter of the Empire and the richest subject in Europe.


ANECDOTES of his Private LIFE and the Particular Circumstances of his Death.


LONDON: Printed and Sold by T. BELL, No. 26, BELL-YARD, TEMPLE BAR.

To the PUBLIC.

THE Editor of this WORK, before it is ushered into the World, takes none of the usual methods, of awakening curiosity or biassing the judgment. To a man sincerely interested in the welfare of Society and of his country, it must be particularly agreeable to be informed of the most remote transactions, which often stamp a national character, with the ruling passion of Individuals; and the unbiassed reader will be able to judge from our performance, by what means we are become Umpires of the East. As the following sheets are not undertaken upon a malevolent principle, nor a particular enmity to any person: I flatter myself, they will not only be seasonable but usefull, more especially as they contain facts and observations equally interesting to human nature. In my impartial pursuit, therefore, I shall particularly point out by what means the distinguishing lineaments of a people famed for their moderation, benevolence, faith, honour, and humanity have been effaced, upon the Ganges, by giving too much power in an individual's hands. If force, oppression, fraud and rapine, injustice and cruelty, have been the cause of these violations? It is not to be wondered at, that the British Legislature in its great wisdom, has ordered a strict enquiry to be made into the conduct of these petty tyrants, who openly violate the laws of nature and nations for their private emoluments. A late decision in a solemn court of Judicature against a man whom wealth, connections, and power could not screen from justice amongst his Peers, is a recent example of the inflexible integrity of a great Judge, who has nobly vindicated the cause of innocence and national honour. The history of Lord Clive, may be justly termed an Epitome of the two last wars in India and of the political transactions of that country, as his system has changed the face of affairs in the Mogul Empire and still operates in the intrigues and jealousies of the people in alliance or enmity with us.

It cannot be a matter of indifference to a commercial nation, to know this immense tract of country which comprehends the vast Peninsula of India, proper, superior in wealth, fertility, extent and inhabitants to most kingdoms in Europe: and how the whole trade from the Indies; to the Ganges, has been monopolized by a company of Merchants, the rivals of sovereigns in arms and arts. I am not biassed in my pursuit by party invectives, and my design is not to attack the persons and private characters of men, by mean and contemptible artifices, but to give a candid impartial detail of truths.

In the execution of this design I shall endeavour to observe, order and perspicuity. If the general plan be good, and the outlines and chief figures sketched with judgment the candour of the public, its hoped, will excuse the imperfections, of a Work, which, with all its defects, may be found generally entertaining and useful.

For the conveniency of the generality of Readers, this Publication is issued out in Weekly Numbers, as they will be able to purchase at an easy rate the most important occurrences of India, comprehended in one view, without the trouble and expence attending the perusal of divers voluminous performances.


I. THAT this Work, shall be published in Weekly Numbers, every Saturday, price only sixpence, and will be comprized in Forty-eight Numbers, each containing three Sheets of Letter press.

II. In the first Number will be ven a good likeness of Lord Clive. exceed the proposed quantity, the Publisher will give a promissory note with the first Number, if it should exceed the forty-eight Numbers, to deliver the overplus gratis.

IV. The whole of this Work, when completed, will make four handsome Volumes in Octavo.

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