Old Bailey Proceedings.
16th February 1774
Reference Number: 17740216

ActionsCite this text | Print-friendly version | Report an error
Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
16th February 1774
Reference Numberf17740216-1

Related Material
THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 16th, Thursday the 17th, Friday the 18th, Saturday the 19th, Monday the 21st, Tuesday the 22d, Wednesday the 23d, and Saturday the 26th of FEBRUARY, 1774.

In the Fourteenth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Third SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable Frederick Bull , LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.




Printed for J. WILLIAMS, No. 39, in Fleet Street.



King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable FREDERICK BULL , Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir RICHARD ADAMS , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *; the Honourable Sir WILLIAM ASHUST , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench +; the Honourable Sir GEORGE NARES , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas ||; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder ++; THOMAS NUGENT , Esq; Common Serjeant ~, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

The *, +, ||, ++, and ~, refer to the Judges by whom the Prisoners were tried.

(L.) First London Jury.

(M.) First Middlesex Jury.

(2d M.) Second Middlesex Jury.


John Skillbeck

John Plaw

Humphry Wilmot

Henry Eley

Luke Adlington

Thomas Plumpton

Thomas Todd

Richard Godwin

Joseph Cover

James Lawson

Martin Wilson

John Wickers

*** The Middlesex Jury will be given in Part II.

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-1
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentenceTransportation; Transportation

Related Material

181, 182, 183. (M.) WILLIAM RICHMOND , WILLIAM CLAYTON , and JAMES ROSS were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Benjamin Bailey , on the 17th of January , about the hour of seven in the night, and stealing ten pieces of black ribbon, value 3 l. three pieces of lace, value 3 l. and thirty womens necklaces, value 40 s. the property of the said Benjamin Bailey , in his dwelling house . ||

Benjamin Bailey . I live in St. James's parish, near Leicester-fields . On Monday the 17th of January, about two o'clock in the evening, when I had just lighted candles , my shop was robbed .

Q. Was it light enough to distinguish any person?

Bailey. I think it was not, without having the candles. I am a haberdasher ; I was fitting in the back parlour; I went to take my things out of the window; my shop door was shut; in taking the things out of the window I observed the glass broke, and I saw some blood upon a paper; the blood was quite fresh; there were taken out of the window some silk ribbands and some head necklaces. (They are produced and deposed to by the prosecutor). There is one thing very particular; there were three remnants of different colours, two blues I think, but different in point of shade, and there was likewise a pink coloured remnant; they were that day all three on one block; I am very sure they were in the shop; I had seen them just before in the window. When Clayton was examined before the Justices, I observed his finger was cut; it then appeared quite fresh.

John Bailey . I am the prosecutor's brother; I was in the kitchen; at about six o'clock I heard the window break; I ran up immediately into the street, but saw nobody, nor did not then perceive the window was broke; for it was low down in the window; I was there at the time that my brother took the goods out of the window; then I observed it was broke, and I saw likewise the blood there; I had seen the goods that very day in the shop.

Elizabeth Evans . I keep a sale shop in Field-lane: these goods were brought to me on Tuesday afternoon; the prosecutor sent somebody about them on Wednesday morning; they were afterwards carried before the justice ; I gave fifty shillings, or some few shillings over, for them; I cannot exactly tell, for I did not set it down; I cannot swear the prisoner is the person that brought them; I think it may be; I am very uncertain.

Q. Did you ever see the person before?

Evans . I had seen him once before; he bought a shirt of me. The things were brought to my shop about three or four in the afternoon.

Isaac Evans . I am the husband of the last witness: I saw the prisoner that afternoon go out of the shop, about three or four o'clock ; I did not see what things he had brought.

Q. to Elizabeth Evans . When the prisoner was examined before the Justice, did you swear then that he was the person that brought the goods to your house?

Evans. Yes, I did.

Q. Can you swear to him now?

Evans. Yes, he is the person; it could be no other; my husband and I both went before the Justice , and the goods were carried there.

Elizabeth Murphy . I remember the three prisoners; they were at my house last Tuesday was a month, which I find is the day after the goods were stolen; one of them took a guinea out of his pocket to pay the reckoning; they did not frequent my house; they came there by a chance.

James Parish. I know all the prisoners very well: I am fifteen years old; the prosecutor lives as I think in Princes-street; I did not know the house before, and I don't know whether particularly I should know it now, but we were all four a going to Marybone to get a till; going by the prosecutor's house there was some ribbons and laces caught our eyes as we went by the shop where we took these things; the house was next door to a chymill's; William Clayton broke the window, and he took some wires out, and hooked the ribbons out with the wires, and he cut his fore-finger in doing it; he broke the window I think with his knife; Richmond stood at the corner of the street, and I took all the things that Clayton took out of the shop immediately to Richmond; I believe I had ten or twenty turns; Richmond, at the time I carried them to him, put them in his apron . We all four went then to St. James's market , and William Clayton told me he had sold two cards of lace for ten shillings, and gave me half a crown. I saw the ribbons; there were eight balls of ribbons and five cards of lace. Richmond took three cards and eight balls of ribbons, and sixteen necklaces to Evans's. We breakfasted next morning at

Murphy's; there we burnt the ribband blocks, and the cards we threw away.

Dennis Macdonald . I took the prisoner; I went to Mrs. Evans's shop, and enquired about the goods; she denied she had any such thing; they were in a handkerchief, and at last she removed them from the place where they were at first; I found them concealed in the shop under the handkerchiefs. When I took Richmond I found the wires that have been produced upon him.

John Dixon . I assisted the constable in taking them; when we took Clayton his hand was cut.

Richmond's Defence.

I had been out on a message to my father's; coming back again, through Prince's-street, I met this Parish; he had a handkerchief in his hand with something in it; I said I was going home; stop, says he, I want to speak to you; he told me he had something in his handkerchief, that he said he found; I met Ross and him together; says he be so good as take this home; I said I dare not, my father will make a noise, what are they? he said he did not know, he found them; I went and put them in the yard where I live; the next morning we took them out and looked at them; they happened to be ribbons, necklaces, and laces; he asked me if I knew where he could sell them; I said no; he said I know, and asked me to go with him, I said I do not know whether they were honestly come by; he said he found them in Coventry-street, and he would give me something for my trouble; he asked me to go with him to Field-lane; we went there; he shewed me the shop; he said go in there and shew them the things, they will not ask you where you got them; I sold them to them there; when I came out again, and looked for Parish, he was gone; going up Holborn I met with him. Just as I was going into bed, one of them gentlemen came up and took me; I had no wire about me; the goods were not found upon me.

Ross's Defence.

Three gentlemen came and took me out of bed at my mother's, at eleven at night, and put me in the round house all night, and said I was concerned with Parish. I know no more of it than the child unborn.

Clayton's Defence.

I was at home along with my father and mother at the time it was done; I was playing with my play-fellows; one of them was chopping an apple and chopped my knuckle; that was about a week before I was taken.

Ross called his father, who gave him a good character.

RICHMOND guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of the burglary . T .

CLAYTON guilty . T .

ROSS acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-2
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

184. (M.) JOHN ROBINSON was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Edward Horner , on the 19th of January , about the hour of seven in the night, and stealing one cloth coat, value 2 s. one fish skin pocket book, value 1 s. one pair of spectacles, value 6 d. a linen bed gown, value 1 s. a linen sheet. value 1 s. and a silk handkerchief, value 3 d. the property of the said Edward, in his dwelling house . *

Edward Warner . I am a surveyer of the excise : I live in Titchfield-street, Soho . On Sunday the 19th of January I went out to dinner; when I came home, about ten o'clock at night, I was informed by my daughter, who I left at home, that my house had been broke open; I lost my coat, and some excise books which were in my pocket; a sheet, and a bed gown were taken off the bed, and there was a pair of spectacles in my coat pocket; they were all in a back parlour on the ground floor.

Q. Did you observe any marks of violence done your house?

Warner. No. Mr. Kenrick gave me my pocket book, about ten o'clock the same night, at Justice Welch's. My spectacles and two excise books were in the pocket book. Mr. Kenrick, the gentleman that took the prisoner, came and informed me of it that night; soon after I got home, he produced the books, which I claimed as my property. I went with Mr. Kenrick to a public house in Broad St. Giles's; there I saw the prisoner.

Q. Did you hear him say any thing?

Warner. No. I went home, and the next morning went to Justice Welch's, at about eleven or twelve o'clock; there I saw my black coat and these books, and my spectacles. The prisoner there said he met an acquaintance that gave them to him; this is the coat (producing it); when I went out to dinner it was lying on the bed in this back parlour; when I went out

I locked the door of that room; this pocket book was in the pocket at that time.

- Horner . I am the prosecutor's daughter: my father went out about twelve o'clock; I staid at home till about one, then I went to church.

Q. Did you lock the door?

Horner. I pulled the door after me; it is always on the latch. After I returned from church, and had drank tea, I read a chapter; I thought I heard the door open; it is always on the latch.

Q. Was the parlour door locked then?

Horner. I cannot say that; my father left the key with me. I went into the parlour about five o'clock to shut the windows.

Q. Did you observe whether the coat was there?

Horner. I did not look upon any thing of that sort; I cannot be sure whether I shut the parlour door or not.

Q. What time was it when you thought you heard a noise and the door unlatch?

Horner. Between six and seven; after I had read the chapter I thought I would go and see whether the door was fast; I went up and found the chamber door open; that was about seven o'clock; the street door was open too; I heard somebody in the parlour, and when I came up stairs I saw a man run out, and run into the street; he seemed a more bulkey man than the prisoner; I cannot be sure; I was greatly frightened; I ran out after him to the street door; I knocked at the door; I was so frightened it took my speech away; we went in directly as soon as the neighbours came; I missed nothing at that time but the sheet off the bed; I did not miss it till Kenrick came. The bed top and sheet are my father's property; they were upon the bed in the back parlour.

Stephen Kenrick . A relation of mine, Joseph Collins , had been robbed on the Friday before this Sunday, and had applied to me on this Sunday to go in search of the thieves; we went into Holborn, and seeing two men going along, one with a bundle on his back, Mr. Collins said he was sure he was the man that had robbed him; this was about eight o'clock; I went up to them; as soon as I came up they turned about and immediately crossed the way; the prisoner had a bag with him; I laid hold of him, and asked him what he had got; he would not answer; I took him to a public house, the Windsor Castle ; then I asked him again what he had got in his bag; he said he did not know; I asked him where he had got it; he said at St. Giles's, of one Mr. Brown; I searched the bag, and in it found abundance of things, and among other things this old black coat, and the pocket book and spectacles now produced. Seeing the book contained entries of candles, we went to a tallow chandler's, who sent to an excise-man in the neighbourhood, who knew it to be Horner's; by that mean it was I went to Horner's.

Joseph Collins . I was in search of these robbers; I found two men in Holborn I believed to be the men; one of the men was the prisoner; we searched the bag, and the coat and other things were found in it.

Prisoner's Defence.

In St. Giles's I met with Brown; he asked me to help him with that bundle; he said he was going to the Red Lion in Poppin's-alley, Fleet-street, and if I would lend him a hand he would treat me with any thing I had a mind to drink when we got there. I know no more of it than the child unborn.

Guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-3
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

185. (M.) MARY DUNN , widow , was indicted for stealing a pair of bed curtains, value 10 s. two linen pillow cases, value 2 s. a bed quilt, value 15 s. a linen table-cloth, value 2 s. two flat irons, value 1 s. and a brass candlestick, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Rowswell , the said goods being in a certain lodging room. let by contract by the said Thomas to the said Mary , Nov. 13 . ~

Elizabeth Rowswell . The prisoner took a lodging of my husband at eight shillings a week, in Vine-street, at the back of Chandois street ; she was absent nine days, and the room was locked up; we got into the room and missed the things mentioned in the indictment. She used to go out of an evening.

Q. I hope you did not suffer her to bring any body in of an evening?

Rowswell. She never did to my husband's or my knowledge.

Sarah Ringwood . The prisoner asked me one morning if I would do a favour for her, and that was to pawn the sheets and the pillowbier; I did pawn them at Mr. Rochfort's in Covent Garden, for nine shillings and sixpence. I know nothing of any thing else.

William Dry . I am a shopman to Mrs. Rochfort, pawnbroker, at the corner of Russel-court: this Ringwood brought a pair of sheets and pillowbiers to me on the 19th of November; she pawned them for nine shillings and sixpence; she pledged them in the name of Mary Dunn .

Prosecutrix. Here is my name, and my husband's upon them; these sheets were upon the bed when I let the lodging to her.

Q. from the prisoner to the prosecutrix. Whether she gave me but one pair of sheets?

Rowswell . I asked her to come and have clean linen, but she did not; then I suspected her.

John Wood . I am servant to Mr. Murthwaite, a pawnbroker; the prisoner pawned a pair of check curtains and a bed quilt with me the 23d of October. (They are produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I never pawned any of the things; I left the key with Mrs. Ringwood; the prosecutors came to me at the prison, and said if I would give them a sum of money they would not prosecute me.

The prosecutrix denied it, and was asked if it was true that she had proposed to compromise it, which she denied.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-4

Related Material

186. (M.) JOHN WILLIAM PUGH was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 6 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. and a pair of cloth breeches, value 2 s. the property of Daniel Shingle , Jan. 17 . +

Daniel Shingle . I lost on the 17th of January a cloth coat, waistcoat, and breeches, out of a drawer in my bureau, at Mr. Underwood's in Bloomsbury . I was told the prisoner was taken with the goods upon him; he had taken a lodging in the same house; I did not see him while I lodged there.

Alexander Harris . On the 18th of January I was sent for to Mr. Underwood's, and was told Mr. Shingle had lost some clothes. On the Friday following the prisoner came into my shop, and said he had a suit of clothes to sell, and brought these clothes; from the description I had received of these clothes, I thought those offered by the prisoner were Mr. Shingle's; I asked him a good many questions about them; he asked two guineas for them; I suspected him, and detained him; I sent for Mr. Shingle, and he owned the clothes. (They are produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

The prisoner called his brother, and his father, who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-5

Related Material

187. (M.) SAMUEL TIBBALLS was indicted for stealing forty-three yards of linen cloth, value 40 s. the property of Thomas Boodger , Feb. 7th . +

Thomas Boodger . I am a linen-draper in Long Acre . On Monday the 7th of February I had been from home; when I returned I found the prisoner in custody in my shop. I had that morning exposed several things at the door upon a stall; among them was this piece of linen cloth.

- Harman. I live opposite the prosecutor; I saw the prisoner looking at some goods at the door, and I saw him take a piece of cloth and put it in his apron, and go off with it; I went over and informed them of it; the prisoner turned down into Castle-street; there he was stopped and brought back with the cloth in his apron. (The cloth produced).

Prosecutor . I always write my name on every piece of cloth I buy, and there is the name in my own hand writing upon this piece of cloth.

The prisoner, in his defence, said he picked the cloth up off the ground.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-6
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

188. (M.) JOHN COOLEY was indicted for stealing a wooden shew glass, value 2 s. four brass cocks, value 4 s. and seven wooden scale boxes, value 4 s. the property of William Brind , Jan. 24 . +

Joseph Turner . I saw the prisoner take the shew glass from Mr. Brind's shop in Little Turnstile , Holborn ; there were seven wooden boxes and four brass cocks in it; he had it under his arm; I stood at the corner; he was coming towards me; I collared him, and said, you rascal, what are you going to do with that? he threw the box down and ran away; I cried stop thief; he was stopped; I took the box to the shop, and him to the Ship alehouse , and went for a constable, and he was taken before the Justice and committed. (The shew glass and its contents produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner's Defence.

As I was coming from Chancery-lane, some boys hollowed out; I was running along; they laid hold of me; I was going to see for a job. I know no more about it than the child unborn. I had not the box in my hand, nor never saw it till they took me before the Justice.

He called his mother, who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-7
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

189, 190. (M.) MARY LEWIS , spinster , and ELIZABETH STANFORD , spinster , were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Cavernor Tate , on the 19th of January , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing a blue cloth coat, value 2 s. a waistcoat, value 1 s. a pair of breeches, value 1 s. a pair of stone buckles set in silver, value 4 s. a pair of silver knee buckles, value 2 s. a pair of stone buttons set in silver, value 2 s. a pound of green tea, value 6 s. a tin cannister, value 2 d. and an iron key, value 1 d. the property of the said Cavernor Tate, in his dwelling house . +

Jane Tate . Cavernor Tate is my husband: our house was broke open about eight o'clock at night, on the 19th of January: my husband is a sea-faring-man ; our house is in the Coal Yard, St . George's ; I fastened my door and window about six o'clock; when I went out to a neighbour's I left no one in the house; I came home between seven and eight o'clock; I found my door open, which very much alarmed me, and looked up at the chamber window, and saw there was a light in the room; upon which I cried out, and before any body came to my assistance, they made their escape out of my garret window into the next garret window. Isaac Wood went into the next house, and took the prisoners. Mary Lewis was taken under a bed in the garret.

Q. Is the next house an empty house?

Tate. No; it is the house of Elizabeth Stanford 's father. There were three concerned; the other made her escape. My property was packed under Mrs. Stanford's bed, in the chamber. I found all my things there that were taken as contained in the indictment (repeating them).

Q. Were all these things left by you in the house when you went out?

Tate. They were.

Isaac Wood . Coming home from my work in the evening of the 19th of January, I heard Mrs. Tate cry out.

Q. What time of night was it?

Wood. The moon shone; I do not know the time exactly. I ran up stairs in her house; I could find nobody there; when I came down stairs again we saw the shadow of some woman going over the tiles from one house to the other; I went into the house which was Stanford's; I ran up into the garret; we saw two upon the tiles; at first I saw Elizabeth Stanford stand trembling in the garret; I said, Bet, sure you have not robbed the house, you are not a thief; she said the thieves were gone by her house, and had broke her window, which had frightened her; I took her along with me, and went into the next room; there was the girl that is turned evidence. I asked Bet Stanford whether she knew the girl; at first she said she knew nothing of her; afterwards she said she was her cousin. I went up into the garret again, and there I found Mary Lewis with a feather-bed drawn over her. The constable was at the house at that time; he took them in custody, and they confessed the fact. I was in the room when these things were taken from under the bed: Hartly, that is admitted an evidence, was in the room where these things were. Stanford's father and mother are esteemed very honest people.

- Hartly. Elizabeth Stanford came to me the day before, the Wednesday, I do not know the day of the month, and asked me to drink tea with her; I went; after we had drank tea she asked me to lend her the key of my street door.

Q. Where do you live?

Wood. In Cloth Fair. She said she would be in again in a quarter of an hour; she came back in about that time, and she brought in her apron a tea chest and cannisters, and a tablecloth.

Q. Do you know which way she came again into her own house?

Wood. No.

Q. Was this the night that Mr. Tate's house was robbed?

Wood. Yes.

Q. Did she say where she had the things from?

Wood. No. Mary Lewis was with her when she went out; they went out together; Stanford

came in again three or four minutes before Lewis; she did not bring any thing with her. Just after they came in, I heard the alarm; I do not know where the things were hid; I was not in the room. On her cross examination she said she was in the room when Stanford came back; that it was a one pair of stairs room; that Stanford was gone about a quarter of an hour, and that she never knew any harm of her before.

George Elliot . I am a constable: I took up the women on Wednesday the 19th of January, at nine o'clock at night. I was sent for and informed there was a house broke open; I went, and found a great many people in the house, and the prisoner Lewis sitting on a bed; I was informed they had robbed the next house. I asked them if they had searched them; they said they had not; I saw Lewis had a small key in her hand; she got up; I searched her, but found nothing upon her of any consequence; she sat down again on the bed; I asked her what was become of the key she had in her hand; she said she had none; I made her get up and found it on the bed (producing it.)

- Tate. It is the key of my husband's case which he had on board of ship; it was in my room.

The prisoners, in their defence, said they knew nothing at all of it.

Stanford called six witnesses who had known her a great many years, and gave her a good character.

Both guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-8

Related Material

191. (M.) RICHARD GORDON was indicted for stealing a cloth stuff coat, value 10 s. the property of Thomas Lockwood , Esq ; Jan. 16 . *

William Hutchins . I am coachman to Mr. Lockwood, in Edward-street, Cavendish-square . On the 16th of January I brought the coach from the stable to my master's door; I left my coat on the box, and went back to lock the stable. I was not gone above a minute and a half; when I was about five or six yards behind the coach, I saw the shadow of a man by the coach; I went to the box directly, and missed my coat; I looked round and saw a man run round the corner toward Cavendish-square; I pursued him and took him with my coat under his arm. I took him to my master, and then he said he was not the man I took the coat from; (the coat produced). My master's name was wrote on the lining of the pocket by the man that made it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the coat by the side of the coach as I was going along.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-9

Related Material

192. (L.) JOHN DODSON was indicted for stealing an iron pannel saw, value 10 s. and an iron tenant saw, value 6 s. the property of Thomas Woodland , Dec. 17th . ||

Thomas Woodland . I am a carpenter , and work at Mr. Scott's. On the 17th of December last I left my chest locked in Mr. Scott's shop; I am sure these two saws were then in my chest. My chest as well as two others were broke open in the night of that day; I lost several saws, particularly these two (looks at them). I am sure they are mine; one saw is one of the largest I ever saw.

James Alderst . I am servant to Mr. Cordee, a pawnbroker. On the 20th of December, about noon, the prisoner came to our shop, and brought the two saws; my master was not then in the shop; he asked ten shillings and sixpence for them; I asked him what one of the saws cost him; he said the tenant saw cost fourteen shillings; I knowing something of saws, suspected he did not know any thing of the value of them, therefore I thought he did not come honestly by them; on which I went to my master ; he said he bought them of one Mrs. Squires in the next street; I went with him, but he could not find out the house; upon that we secured him.

The prisoner, in his defence, said he pawned the saws for one Barnsby.

He called a witness who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-10

Related Material

193. (L.) THOMAS WILLET was indicted for stealing four shillings in money, numbered , the property of Thomas Day , Jan. 29 . *

Thomas Day . I am an oilman in Newgate-street ; the prisoner was my shopman : I suspected money was taken in the shop and not put into the till. On Saturday the 29th of January I got two of my neighbours, John Collier and Robert

Hughes, to carry some marked money to the shop to buy some things; they laid out three shillings a-piece . I returned home about twelve o'clock; the prisoner was in the shop; I examined the till and missed some of the marked money they told me they had laid out. I keep the key in my own possession; I never suffer any body to give change out of it; there is a hole to put the silver through; the shillings were marked with a notch in the edge above the head; there were three missing; I sent the prisoner over to Mr. Collyer to get change for a ten pound note, and followed him immediately, and desired him to go into the compting house; Mr. Collyer was there. I then told him I had lost money several times, and believed he was dishonest; he said he wondered I should think so; I said I had reason for it; I asked him how much he had in his pocket; he said he believed about twelve shillings and a guinea and a half; I desired to see the silver, and he took it out, and laid it down on the desk; we looked at it, and Mr. Collyer picked out a shilling that he had marked about an hour before, and sent to my shop; there were two other marked shillings that were laid out by Mr. Hughes; then he begged I would forgive him; I told him I had lost money several times and was determined to make an example of the first I could detect. On his cross examination, he said he did not recollect whether they were queen Annis shillings or no; that he did not know how much ought to be in the till; that if he had a fancy to the shillings, and put others in the room, it would have been the same; that he could not tell whether any shillings were put in the room of the marked ones .

John Collyer and Robert Hughes confirmed this evidence.

The prisoner, in his defence, said he put other shillings into the till in the room of them.

The prisoner called ten witnesses who gave him a very good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-11

Related Material

194. (M.) BENJAMIN GODFREY was indicted for stealing sixteen guineas, the property of Thomas Leman , in the dwelling house of Simon Jones , Jan. 31st . ||

Thomas Leman . I am a sea-faring-man ; I was coming down Rag-fair on the 31st of January, in the evening, and meeting a man there, he accosted me, and asked me if I had been discharged from a man of war; I said no, I had not, I had just come from the Streights ; upon which he asked me if I would not go into a house and drink; I was persuaded to do so; we sat down together; the man called for some beer; we had not been there long before the prisoner came to us; he said he was just come from a company, and there was a wild young man that was throwing his money away very fast, and that he had given him a guinea, and he asked me if I would gamble any; I said I would not; he said you may as well have his money as another. While we were talking of this, this young man, the 'squire, as they called him, came up; he walked about the room and laid down a guinea on the table, and told the prisoner he might take it up if he pleased; the prisoner said no, he did not want it, I have money enough; upon which the 'squire and another began gaming, by naming a piece of money put under a candlestick; the 'squire lost, and then he said, with an oath, I have got among a parcel of barbers, taylors, and weavers, they have not one of them got any money; I will give every one a shilling for every guinea he can produce; upon which every one of the company, the prisoner with the rest, pulled out what money they had, and put it down on the table; then I pulled out my sixteen guineas.

Q. Did the 'squire give you the sixteen shillings?

Leman. No. I was going to put my money in my pocket as the rest had done; upon which a man there, that said he was the landlord, catched hold of my hand, and said, let me have it, you shall have it again, but don't tell my wife; I have lost a good deal, but I will let you have it again; they made some motions among them, and then he said he had lost the money; he said he would give it me, and called me out to the door; by the time we had got about ten yards from the house, the landlord ran away; then I turned back and found the candles were all put out, and every one of them were gone; I enquired of the landlady what was become of them; she said she knew none of them, she never saw them before in her life. I did not tell them I had lost any thing, or make any particular complaint, but went next morning and enquired at the house, and somebody told me the names of them I believe, and I got a warrant; this was about four or five days before the man was taken up. The prisoner was the first man that began the gambling.

Cross Examination.

Q. Whether you have not lately had some conversation with the prisoner's relations?

Leman. His relations wanted to give me money not to appear against him; they offered me eight guineas.

Simon Jones . I am the landlord of this house: I was there when the prisoner and the prosecutor were there; the prosecutor came back and asked my wife if the company were gone, but did not say any thing what particularly he had lost; he came the next morning, and then he said he had lost six guineas. I never saw the people in my life that were there that night.

John Meredith . I was attending the Justices at the Rotation office ; while I was there, I had heard there was a warrant out from Justice Sherwood to take up this man; the prisoner was then crossing the street; I told him I had a warrant against him; he was brought the Saturday following before the Justices at the Rotation ; there the prosecutor swore positively to him.

Prisoner's Defence.

The prosecutor lost his money at play.

For the Prisoner.

John Partridge . I was there that night; I saw the prosecutor there; I saw him go out with another man, and came in afterwards; the people had paid their reckoning, and were gone before he came i n again.

William Hartley . I lodge in the same house with the prisoner; I have searce ever seen him .

John Cranfield . I never saw the prisoner till within this three weeks; Leman wanted to make it up for four guineas and a note of hand for four more; this was before the man was taken up.

Q. What are you?

Cranfield . I live at the Nag's-head in St. John's street .

Q. Do you keep a house ?

Cranfield . No.

Q. to the prosecutor. Did you offer to make it up ?

Cranfield . No, I never did. I can prove they offered me eight guineas this day.

Guilty . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-12

Related Material

195. (M.) WILLIAM MOORE was indicted for stealing one gold watch chain, value 20 s. one cornelian seal set in gold, value 10 d. and one locket set in gold, value 6 d. the property of Mary Stone , spinster , Jan. 15th . ||

Mary Stone . I rent a room in Oxford-road: I live by taking in plain work; a gentleman over night, on the 14th of April, left me a gold chain; I missed it, and asked the prisoner if he had seen it; he denied that he had; I thought he might have played the rogue with it; the gentleman came next morning it was missed, and I enquired about the neighbourhood.

- Isaacs. There is a society I belong to who meet once a week upon business; a man brought this chain, and asked for a guinea upon it; the man said he had it of a man who said he found it; I advised him to return it to the man; the prisoner and the other man were standing at the Gentleman and Porter; I told him I could not get money upon it, he must take it again; he took it, and then I saw him whisper the other person; during that time I said to Mr. Elcock I believed that man was in possession of a chain he did not come honestly by; there were two of them.

William Barnet . The prisoner told me where he lived; I went there, and there I saw the prosecutrix.

The prisoner, in his defence, said he found the chain.

He called - Jackson, a master bricklayer, with whom he worked a year and a half, and had behaved honestly.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-13

Related Material

196. (L.) WILLIAM OWEN was indicted for stealing forty-eight yards of stuff called morine, value 4 l. 10 s. and a linen wrapper, value 8 d. ++

- Carpenter. I am warehouse-man to Mr. Webb, in Gracechurch-street; I looked out two pieces of morine, about forty-eight yards, to be sent to the George in Smithfield ; they were carried by Richard Hooper .

Richard Hooper . I carried the morine to the George inn; I delivered it I believe to the book-keeper of the inn; it was to be sent to Hagley in the waggon; I carried it on the 3 d. instant.

Richard Weston . The prisoner acknowledged stealing this out of the George-yards, and carried

it to one Bugden , in the Rounds in Smithfield; we found it at Bugden's house at Hoxton; Bugden acknowledged he had it of the prisoner; when before the Justice the prisoner acknowledged it was the piece he stole.

Thomas Compton . I remember the prisoner owned he stole the morine from the George in Smithfield, and he said he carried it to Bugden's.

Robert Rowe . I found this morine in Bugden's house, in Hoxton, in the cellar under the stairs; it has been in my custody ever since.

- Carpenter. They have cut the mark off that we always make to these goods, that I cannot swear to it; I believe it to be a piece of our goods by the colour.

- Longsden. I keep the George inn; I am answerable for whatever is brought there to be carried by theHagley waggon.

Prisoner's Defence.

They asked me if I had seen such a piece; I said I had seen something like it; I do not know any thing about it.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-14

Related Material

197. (L.) JOSHUA SOLOMONS was indicted for stealing a wooden half firkin, value 2 d. and 24 lb. of butter, value 12 s. and 4 lb. of cheese, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of Richard Brown , Jan. 25 . ||

Richard Brown . I live at Greenwich; I drive the Greenwich stage . On the 25th of January I lost a firkin of butter and some cheese out of the boot of my coach; I saw it put in, in Gracechurch-street . The butter was taken out while I was gone to call two passengers. Whatever is lost out of the coach I am answerable for.

Henry Gadsden . I am a ticket porter. On the 25th of January, at night, about ten minutes before six o'clock, half a firkin of butter was delivered to me ; I put it into the boot of the coach; I saw Brown by; he was attending upon some passengers while it was put in; there was some cheese, I cannot tell how much; the prisoner took it out of the boot of the coach; I was at some distance, and the prisoner's back towards me; I saw him deliver it to another person, who went off with it as far as the head of the horses; the passengers were on the near side , and the prisoner on the off side; the prisoner in stepping back from the place, after he had delivered it out, tumbled down between the wheel and the wheel iron; upon this I saw the man go as far as the horses; I ran up and caught him; at first there was a great tustle between me and the man that had the butter; for the prisoner calling out, the man came from the horses heads and put the butter into the boot; then he came and hit me with a stick over my arm, and numbed me so that I could not keep my hold; upon that I changed hands and took hold of him with the other hand; we fought together some time; at last I took him away, and then he went to where Brown was, who was gone to call the passengers; I had a tustle with him again, and threw him down; I got more assistance and secured him.

Q. Are you sure that is the same cask that was carried away?

Gadsden. I had marked it. ( Looks at the bottom for the mark).

Q. When was it you made it?

Gadsden. Not when it went away but when Mr. Brown brought it back.

Q. Do you know it?

Gadsden. I read the direction when it went down; I always do; I cannot exactly tell you the gentleman's name, but I am sure it is John somebody, Esq; at Greenwich, or some such name. I did not see his face at that distance to distinguish it, but could have seen any body at that distance that did take it out; but at the time that he took it out he slipped down; I am very-sure that he is the man. When I took the prisoner he said that he was only going to get hay out of the boot for his rabbits.

The prisoner called several witnesses, who said he sold-oranges and lemons, and bore a very good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-15
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

198, 199. (2d M.) WILLIAM ASHFORD , and WILLIAM THURGOLAND were indicted for stealing one copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. 6 d. and one copper stew-pan, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of Alexander Allen , Jan. 23 . ++

Alexander Allen . I am a pawnbroker in Rosemary-lane . I lost the copper tea-kettle and stew-pan out of a place in my yard, a half covered place where they are kept; I am positive they were there the night before. In the morning my house appeared to be broke open, and these things I found wanting; some time after, I was

informed the prisoner had got into my yard ; he was taken, and he confessed he had taken the copper tea-kettle , and copper stew-pan .

John Haynes . The prisoner told us where the things were; the tea-kettle was at Thurgoland's house, and that he had pawned the stew-pan .

Charles Earl . The prisoner was found in Mr. Allen's necessary house. in his pockets were found some suspicious tools for breaking open houses; he owned he took both the tea-kettle and the stew-pan, and said the tea-kettle was at Thurgoland's, and the stew-pan pawned. I went to the house described by the prisoner, and there I found the very tea-kettle. (The tea-kettle produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Robert Barker . I am a servant to a pawnbroker in Houndsditch; the stewpan was pawned by one Robinson. (It is produced and deposed to by the prosecutor)

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought the tea-kettle and stew-pan of the woman that pawned the stew-pan; she pawned it by my direction.

ASHFORTH guilty . T .

THURGOLAND acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-16

Related Material

200. (L.) ELIZABETH LONG was indicted for stealing a pair of iron shoe buckles plated with silver, value 10 d. the property of Thomas Lewis , Feb. 7th . +

Thomas Lewis . The prisoner came to my shop in Finch-lane , to look at some buckles; she held her head down so that her hat was between me and the buckles; I laid down three pair, one upon another, and under a pretence of trying them, she returned one again, and said they would not do, and went away; I went out after her, and brought her into a little room behind the shop. I sent for a constable; she threw her cloak off, and said I might search her; I thought they might be in the cloak; I took it up, and the buckles dropped out; at first she said a woman gave them to her; afterwards she said it was the first thing she ever did of the kind, and begged they would forgive her.

The constable deposed that he was sent for by the prosecutor, who gave him charge of the prisoner.

The buckles were produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-17

Related Material

201. (M.) DENNIS DOYLE was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Swan , on the 26th of January , about the hour of nine in the night, and stealing two linen waistcoats , value 6 d. one linen tablecloth, value 60 d . two linen towels , value 6 d. one hempen apron, value 6 d. one pair of white cotton stockings, value 1 s. one linen night cap, value 1 d. and one linen handkerchief, value 1 d. the property of the said John in his dwelling house .

John Swan . I live on Saffron-hill ; I was out on the 26th of January ; I was informed my house had been broke open when I came home about eleven o'clock at night.

Elizabeth Swan . I am wife to the prosecutor: on the 26th of January, about seven o'clock in the evening, I went out about some business; I left a little boy in the house, and double-locked the middle door of the shop; there are three doors; the other door I left upon the latch. We lost the goods mentioned in the indictment (repeating them) .

Thomas Cawser . On the 26th of January, between eight and nine in the evening, I went to the shop door of Mr. Swan, and found it open; I went in; the parlour door too was open; I called out Mr. Swan, the prisoner met me, and said, I am Mr. Swan, what do you want? I said I know Mr. Swan very well, you are not him. He had these things bundled up, not tied up in any wrapper or any thing; I seized him by the collar; then he dropped them, and strewed them about upon the shop floor. Mrs. Swan said she had seen him that day before.

Ann Swan . Some time that day the prisoner and a stout man, who was in blue clothes, came into the shop in order to buy some hinges, and asked whether I had any scales to weigh silver; a question I was never asked before. As soon as ever I came in, and was told what had happened, I said if I have been robbed that is the man: it affected me so I dropped. I am very certain that is the man I saw in the shop.

Benjamin Gilbert . I am a constable: I was charged with the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was some time ago discharged by the Thatched-house society , out of a prison where I had been on an execution for twenty-eight shillings. I was going by the door and that man drew me in out of the street , and then

charged me with something of attempting to break open the house. I am very lately come from Ireland .

John Roberts , a lad of: but eleven years old, giving satisfactory answers to the questions put to him by the Court respecting the nature of an oath, he was sworn.

Roberts. I was at the house; they did not get in at the outside door; that was locked; I was up stairs; I heard them unlatch the door; I came down and asked who was there; they said never mind , we will knock your brains out if you do not go about your business . I saw them put a round thing into the key hole and open the door, and then I ran up stairs and locked myself into the one-pair-of-stairs room.

Guilty . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-18
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

102. (M.) WILLIAM EUSFACE was indicted for stealing one silver watch , value 40 s. one silver seal , value 1 s. and one stone seal set in silver, value 6 d. the property of Evan Williams , Jan. 4th . *

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-19
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

103. (M.) ANN WYNN was indicted for stealing three guineas, one thirteen-and-sixpenny piece, one quarter of a guinea, and one base six-and-ninepenny piece, value 1 s. the property of Joseph Barrow , Feb. 14th .

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-20

Related Material

104. (M.) THOMAS WALSOM was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Mary Hawkins , widow , on the 3 d of February , about the hour of one in the night, with intent to steal the goods of the said Mary . +

Mary Hawkins . I live in Poter-street : my house was broke open on the 3 d instant; I did not go to bed till after ten o'clock; I was last up; I fastened all the doors and windows ; the wash-house is even with the dwelling house, At half after one, I was alarmed by the prisoners breaking in; I lie in the kitchen even with the wash-house; the building all joins together; they broke a pane of glass and got the window shutter undone, and the window entirely out; they got in and split a door that goes out of the wash-house into the shop; I jumped out of bed and opened the shutters, and saw the prisoner in the yard.

Q. Do you know his face?

Hawkins . No, but I am sure this is the man, for he was not three yards from me, and it was a clear moon light night; upon this I alarmed the watch; they came to my assistance and took him and another man with him upon my premises.

Q. from the prisoner. Whether all the places are yours, and do not communicate with other houses?

Hawkins. I have sheds all along the place where they were taken; it is an alley at the back part of the house common to three houses.

Samuel Story . I am a watchman; I was called by the last witness about half past one; I found this stick (producing it) in the wash-house; I know it to be Warren's, for I had seen him before with it in a public house.

Richard Mills . I heard a woman cry out, thieves , and watch, between one and two, on Friday morning the 3 d instant; I asked where they were; she said at the back part of the house; I went up the alley, and met the prisoner and Warren coming down the back alley; I stopped them; they said they had done no harm; I called assistance and took them to the watch-house.

John Warren . I was at Mr. Dodson's in Charter-house-lane; I drank rather too much; the prisoner came in and asked me to drink part of a pint, and said he would have a pint with me; we staid till ten, then they would draw no more liquor; from thence we went to the Wheatsheaf in Fleet-market; there we had two pots; I paid for them; the prisoner had no money, but said he would get money enough before he went home to give me my money back ; as we were coming down Peter-street we saw the alley door open; I stopped to case myself; the prisoner passed me, and said stop a bit for me; I lost him for ten or twelve minutes; then I heard a great noise in the passage; the alley door was open before I went to it; I do not know what the prisoner did there.

Prisoner's Defence.

It is entirely a malicious prosecution: I am innocent of the matter ; I have a person at the door to prove that the watchman said he would lay a wager that he would cast me for death right or wrong.

Q. to the Watchman . Was you before the Justice?

Watchman. Yes. He said he saw him coming out of the wash-house.

Q. from the Jury. Did not the Justice ask Warren what they were going there for?

Watchman. He said he went up there, and swore he would have some money before he came down again.

For the Prisoner.

Court. Here, Warren, I will read the account you gave before the Justice; there you said Walsom told you he would be d - d if he went home without some money; Walsom went up an alley in company with me, between Cow Cross and Saffron Hill; Walsom pulled down a window light belonging to a shop, and another light belonging to a wash-house of one Hawkins, a widow, both which places were adjoining to the dwelling house, and that Walsom in your sight went into the wash-house window; Walsom told you he could not get in at the other window, and upon bearing a woman cry out, you two made off together as soon as Walsom came out of the wash house window, and Walsom left a stick in the wash-house that he borrowed of you; was that account then, or the account you have now given, the true one?

Warren . I did mention to Justice Girdler that he might let the window down for what I knew, and might be in for what I knew.

Q. Then you told a lie before him?

Warren. I said he might.

Richard Maylin . I am an iron founder; I live upon Saffron hill; I was at the Fox, a public house in Charter-house-lane, drinking, after I came from my work; there was this watchman in blue drinking; some of the people in company was jeering him about the blood money, and said he would have a suit of clothes; he said you may laugh or do what you will, I will be obliged to have a suit of clothes out of him, for he would swear his life away right or wrong; he said that in the public tap room, and laid a wager with Jemmy Stanford, a currier, of two pots of beer, that he would hang him right or wrong.

Guilty . Death .

See Walsom an evidence against Cliffe and Murrell, who are now under sentence of death, for a burglary committed in company with the prisoner.

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-21
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

105, 106, 107. (M.) JOHN CLARK , JOHN WARREN , and MARK BROWN , were indicted for stealing twenty-five pair of silver shoe buckles, value 15 l. six pair of silver knee buckles, value 20 s. three pair of child's silver knee buckles, value 12 s. two pair of silver clasps, value 2 s. one boatswain's silver call, value 7 s. six silver tea spoons, value 13 s. six dozen of silver sleeve buttons, value 7 l. six pair of stone knee buckles set in silver, value 30 s. one stock buckle set in silver, value 14 s. three pair of ear-rings, value 13 s. two gold rings, value 5 s. two pair of gold studs, value 16 s. two gold broaches, value 6 s. one gold locket and six silver thimbles, value 10 s. seventy-two pair of stone sleeve buttons set in silver, value 40 s. one hair sprig, value 4 s. ten other broaches, value 20 s. seventy-two pair of gilded buttons, value 20 s. fifteen stone crosses set in silver, value 20 s. and a shew glass, value 30 s. the property of Richard Boddington , in his dwelling house , Jan. 18th . ||

Richard Boddington . I live in Russel-street : I keep a silversmith's and hardware shop . On the 18th of January my shew glass was taken away; it lies upon the lower part of the window; I was not at home when it was taken. My shew glass and a small quantity of my goods have been found. I can swear to this pair of buttons and a pair of silver buckles. I went out about four o'clock.

Q. Did you ever see any of the prisoners about your shop?

Boddington. No, not to my knowledge.

Q. The whole you lost were of considerable value?

Boddington . They stood me in about sixty-five pounds. I went the next morning to Mr. Sherwood's; he advised me to print hand bills; I thought that would make them to be secreted; I thought it best not; when I came home I was sent for to the Rotation office ; there Clark took me on one side while the Justices were examining Fitzgerald, and said if they would admit him an evidence, he would tell me where my property was; I was not used to this business; I went down immediately, and the other man's evidence was taken in writing; Fitzgerald was admitted an evidence.

John Fitzgerald . Warren, I, and Clark, agreed to go out; we went along Ratcliff highway, looking for a place to rob at night; we saw four or five places that we intended to go to; the first we thought to go to was in Burr-street ,

next door to an alehouse; when we came there that house was shut up; then we were going to a shop with an undertaker's hatch at the door; as we were going along we saw this shew glass; we staid about an hour and an half, waiting for an opportunity to take it away; after we found these places, we went to the Sun in St. Catherine's-lane, and had two or three pints of purl; then I ran back into Petticoat-lane, and fetched Brown; we all stood in a lump together at the shew glass, and Warren and I took it, and I put it upon my head; we carried it into the Mulberry Gardens; we took all the goods out, and put them in handkerchiefs, and then we carried them to the house of Thomas Hartman in Winfield street , and he lent us a white bag to put them into.

Q. What is Thomas Hartman ?

Fitzgerald. I do not know rightly; he is no trade.

Q. Does he keep a house?

Fitzgerald. No, a room: he is a thief I believe. And then Clarke and Warren carried them to the house of one Fise in Houndsditch.

Q. That is a nick name is it not?

Fitzgerald. I do not know his other name, some call him Scampe.

Boddington. That man was committed to Newgate by the name of Philip Abrahams , on suspicion of receiving the goods, and was admitted to bail.

Fitzgerald. They carried them there; I followed them unknown to them; he said he would only buy the plate of them two; I went to the Sun, and they came to me, and Warren said he had given them twelve pounds all but a half guinea; I did not see the money paid, and they said he was to give us a leg of mutton and a crown bowl of punch the next day, and then we were to have the half guinea.

Q. What goods had this man?

Fitzgerald. All the things I thought, without they took any thing out a going along. I looked through the door and there was a man in Fise's room, talking Dutch; I heard him saw the stones must be knocked out of some of the buckles ; I saw them go into his room with them . I followed them for fear they should run away with them.

Q. Why did not you go with them?

Fitzgerald. He would not buy them of more than two; Warren gave me and the other two prisoners a guinea each, and Hartman had a guinea for letting him see what we had got. These buckles and buttons we took from Mr. Boddington. We kept a pair of silver buckles a-piece, and Warren came back and fetched them, and said Fise was to have them all; I gave them all back but these buckles; there was a hole in my pocket, and they got down into the lining; I did not know I had them.

Warren. Fitzgerald was committed to be tried here last sessions for picking pockets, but ran away with the hand-cuffs as he was coming to Newgate. I never saw him before he was taken up.

Catherine Bigg . About seven or eight o'clock Fitzgerald came in, and asked me to give him the key of my door; I gave it him; he went up stairs; he staid a little, then I went up; I saw a good deal of silver upon the table; I desired him to take it away for fear I should come into trouble about it. There were silver and stone buckles and silver things of different sorts; Fitzgerald put them into a bag and took them away. Hartman came up in the mean time, and saw the silver things upon the table; he put them in a bag.

Q. Did Hartman lend them that bag?

Bigg. No, it was mine; I boiled a pudding in it; he took it, because he said they would tear a silk handkerchief. I lodged in the same house with Hartman; Fitzgerald said he would go and sell it; they were in a public house.

Q. Did you see the other prisoner with him?

Bigg. Yes; they were drinking together at a public house, and they all went out together; they said they would make me a present of a pair of silver buckles; Fitzgerald gave me a pair; they bid me pick out which pair I would have; one of them took them away again, and said they would have no property to be produced against them; I cannot say which that was. The thief-catchers asked me if I had found any more of the property; I told them they were in a bird cage; they took them out.

Q. Who do you belong to, and how do you get your bread?

Bigg. I buy and sell old clothes.

Q. Are you married?

Bigg. No; I live with Hartman.

Thomas Hartman . I was out; I came home about nine o'clock, and saw Fitzgerald in my room; I asked him what were those things upon the table, and how he brought them there; they said to look at; I said I would not have

them there ; I bid them take them down; they did, and gave me part of a pot of beer ; we went into the Mulberry Gardens ; they had left the case in the Mulberry Gardens.

Q. Did they go with you?

Hartman. No, they told me it was there, and I went and told Mr. Mayland of it, one of the people belonging to Whitechapel , and they went and took Fitzgerald up; then I went with Mayland to find the case; the other two were in a public house with Fitzgerald ; we took Fitzgerald first; Fitzgerald and Clark were in the room; when I came home they were drinking together, at one Brand's, at the Sun.

John Brand . I keep the sign of the Sun; I know them all by sight; they came the 18th of January, and had a pint of beer, and a pint of purl, and went out again; Warren was gone out about an hour and an half; Fitzgerald and Brown came in again; they were in the house all the while; Warren and Clark were out about an hour and an half, and came again about half after ten o'clock, and they all drank together in the house; but Warren never sat down at all; and then they all went together, and I fastened the door after them; that was before eleven. I did not see any thing they had at all.

Q. Was Catherine Bigg there?

Brand. Yes, and Hartman; they were all in company together at that time: the three prisoners and Fitzgerald , went out together, and Hartman and Bigg together; I saw no more of them till next morning I heard they were in custody; then I recollected the time they were in my house, thinking I might be called as an evidence.

Q. from the Jury. Do they use your house much; how often have you seen them together?

Brand. Not very often.

Q. from Warren. Whether I did not come into the house by myself to have a pint of beer when I came from work, they were in the box where I was, I had nothing to do with them?

Brand. I cannot say in particular whether they came in together; they were in company together .

John Mayland . I am an officer; I apprehended them; Hartman told me the shew glass was in the Mulberry Gardens, and said the prisoners had a handkerchief with silver buttons and buckles, rings, &c.

Q. He named the prisoners to you, did he?

Mayland. Yes; I took them and carried them before Justice Sherwood and Digby, at the Rotation Office. I found a pair of silver buckles, two pair of stone buttons, and a stone breast buckle on Fitzgerald. I took Clark and Fitzgerald in one room; there was a pair of solid silver buttons and some seals, which I believe Hartman's girl (Bigg) had.

William Symonds produces the silver buckles and the two pair of buttons taken on Fitzgerald; the stone cross taken under Clark's bed, between the bed and the sacking ; the rest of the things taken from Hartman's (which were deposed to by the prosecutor) and found the shew glass in the Mulberry Gardens.

Warren's Defence.

I never was concerned with this man in what he has alledged against me.

Clark's Defence.

Ask the evidence if ever I had any concerns with him; I always stuck to my work ; I work hard for my living: I sell things about the street, potatoes and greens.

Brown's Defence.

I never had any concern with the evidence in my life.

Brown called three witnesses, his brother, Michael Quin , and his uncle, who gave him a good character.

Clark called three witnesses, Martha Hull , Sarah French , and William Frazier , who all gave him a good character.

All three guilty of stealing to the value of 39 s. T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-22

Related Material

108. (M.) MARY, the wife of JOHN PITTAWAY , was indicted for stealing two silver table, spoons, value 10 s. two silver tea spoons, value 4 s. two linen shirts, value 28 s. a linen table-cloth , value 1 s. one linen handkerchief, value 8 d. one muslin neckcloth, value 1 s. two copper saucepans, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Bennett , Jan 31st . *

The Rev. Thomas Bennett . I live in College-street, Westminster ; the prisoner lived with me as a char-woman . On Wednesday the 2d of this month my wife informed me the things

mentioned in the indictment were missed, and that she had charged the prisoner with taking them ; whilst she was telling me, the prisoner came into the room, fell on her knee, and begged for mercy; I told her I should do nothing without advice; I went out; when I returned in the evening, I asked her where the things were; she said they were pledged by her daughter in the name of Diana Dye , at the Angel, in Angel-court; she mentioned two table spoons, two tea spoons, two shirts, a tablecloth , and a handkerchief. A day or two after I sent for the daughter ; she told me she pawned the things at a pawnbroker's in Tothil-street; the next morning I went to Mr. Bengough's in the Broad Place, and asked if he had any things pledged in the name of Diana Dye, and he produced the three shirts marked with the initials of my name (the things produced and deposed to by the prosecutor). In the morning I had her taken before Sir John Fielding . The other things were produced at the Justice's. I can swear to the two table spoons, one tea spoon, and a handkerchief; the rest I cannot swear to.

Ebenezer Stokes . I took in pledge the two saucepans of the prisoner's daughter ( producing them ).

Ann Bengough . I took in three sheets in the name of Diana Dye, of a young woman a stranger to me.

James Sinclair . I took in the silver spoons of a young woman, in the name of Mary Pittaway (producing them).

The prisoner called several witnesses, who gave her a good character, and said she took them to raise money to assist her husband, who was under an execution, and believed she intended to replace them.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-23

Related Material

109, 110. (M.) DANIEL BEAN and JAMES BRUDELL were indicted for stealing one linen gown, value 5 s. and a linen handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Mary Thacker , jun. spinster , Feb. 1st . ||

Mary Thacker . I hung this gown and the handkerchief on a line to dry in my yard on the 1st. of February.

James Ryder . On the 1st of February I saw three men about the prosecutrix's door; they staid looking about there for a minute ; at last I observed one of them bounced in, and took something off the line; I cannot say in particular what; the other two stood watching at the gate; he came out to them, and I called out stop thief, and they all three ran away together; I went a little way after them, and in about half an hour two men brought the two prisoners back; the other man made his escape. I am certain the prisoners are two of the men.

The prisoners said nothing in their defence.

Both guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-24

Related Material

111. (L.) WILLIAM SMITH was indicted for ripping, cutting, and stealing 400 lb. weight of lead, value 40 s. the said lead being affixed to a certain dwelling house the property of John Peart , Feb. 11 . +

John Peart . I live in Queen-street , Cheapside. On Friday the 11th of February some neighbours that live opposite an uninhabited house of mine in Thomas Apostle , informed me they heard a noise in my house; I went directly to the house; there were some workmen repairing the next house; they said they had heard a noise there a day or two before; the padlock was gone off the door, and it appeared to be bolted on the inside. Having a scaffold up at the house , some of the workmen had entered by the garret window, and were then in search for the person; in a few minutes one of the men came down, and brought the prisoner from the top of the house. There was a great quantity of lead cut away, part of two stacks, the gutter and eve lead; the prisoner said he was standing on the threshold of the door, that two men came and said they had a job for him, and bid him wait there till they came back again ; there was nothing found upon him but the padlock and staple of the door.

Thomas Stracy . I was working in the next house; my master discerned the leaden pipes were gone, and set me to watch; between five and six in the morning the prisoner came, went in, and bolted the door on the inside, that we could not follow, went up to the top of the adjoining house, and got in at the garret window; we searched the house, and at last found him in a cock lost; I searched him and found the padlock in his pocket. I found two pieces of lead in the kitchen, his tools and a bag. Before I went up into the garret I knocked two or three times at the door.

John Rangle . I am a constable: I was sent for by Mr. Peart on Friday morning about half after

eight, and Mr. Peart gave me charge of the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

As soon as I was taken, the constable took me before an Alderman, and on my examination the prosecutor said if I would confess the truth, he would not hurt me; accordingly we went out, and I confessed where the lead was sold, and what I got for it, and he said I should not be hurt.

Prosecutor. When he told his story relative to the two men at the door, I told him if he had any accomplices, and would discover them , I would be favourable to him .

For the Prisoner.

William Croker . I have known the prisoner a twelvemonth; I never knew any harm of him.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-25

Related Material

112. (L.) SAMUEL CHAPMAN was indicted for stealing a pewter pint pot, value 10 d. the property of John Strokes , Jan. 17th . +

Samuel Shaw . On the 17th of January I had been at Justice Wilmot's; I had a warrant to execute at St. Martin's-le-grand; the prisoner came with me to the city; among other places we called at the Poultry Compter. Afterwards, while we were at a cook's shop, a man came in from a place where we had been, and said he had lost a silver milk pot; upon which we were all examined; and the pint pot belonging to Mr. Stokes was found in the prisoner's pocket; we sent to Stokes; he could not come; we took the pot and the prisoner to him, and he gave charge of him.

John Stokes deposed that the pot produced was his property.

John Gregory . I was sent by a person who had lost a milk pot to search several persons, and found this pint pot in the pocket of the prisoner.

William Pritty . I was at the Poultry Compter: I believe the prisoner took it out of the prison.

The prisoner called nine witnesses, who gave him a very good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-26
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

113. (L.) RALPH LEMON was indicted for stealing one wooden cask with four iron hoops, value 4 s . the property of John and Slath Bowler , Feb. 12th . +

Slath Bowler. I am in partnership with John Bowler : I saw the prisoner go past my door with a cask on his shoulder; I stopped him and charged a constable with him; the cask is ours, and has our mark upon it.

Negus. I was charged with the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

The cask stood in Beech-lane, and a brewer said if I would carry it to Cripplegate , he would give me a pint of beer.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-27
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

114. (L.) JOHN POWELL was indicted for stealing a pound of tobacco, value 6 d. the property of Sir Lyonel Llyde , Bart. and Samuel Llyde , Jan. 24th . +

John Linton . On the 24th of January I saw the prisoner take some tobacco out of a hogshead at Chester's Key ; the hogshead is the property of Lyonel Llyde and Co. the prisoner took it out and put it in his breeches; I took it out of his breeches, and gave it to the constable, and gave charge of him.

John Prestage . I am the constable: Linton gave the tobacco to me, and gave me charge of the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a sea-faring man ; two years past I have been disabled. A cooper sent me to Tower-street for some hoops, and gave me the tobacco for going.

The prisoner called three witnesses who gave him a good character.

Guilty . W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-28

Related Material

115. (M.) JANE MORE was indicted for stealing one camblet gown, value 1 s. one stuff gown, value 5 s. one callimanco petticoat, value 18 s. one linen apron, value 5 s. two linen bed gowns, value 5 s. and one silk handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of James Selfe . +

James Selfe . Last Wednesday I lost a camblet gown, a bed gown, and a petticoat; they are all here. My wife sent Mary Collins up stairs for a hat; she came down and said there was a woman in the garret ; the

prisoner came down and asked if one Welsh lodged there; I said I knew him very well, and stopped her while I went into the garret to see if any thing was taken away; I went up and found the box broke open, and the things lying about the floor; the lock was broke; there was two towels hanging up in the garret; they were lying on the floor doubled up.

Mary Collins . My mistress sent me into the garret for a hat; when the garret door is shut the stairs are very dark; I saw a light and asked who was there; when I got almost to the top she came out and shut the door after her; then I said again, who is there; the prisoner said don't one Mr. Welsh lodge here; I said, yes, ma'am, he is down stairs if you will come down; she came down into the shop; I told my mistress the woman had been in the garret; she was stopped while they went to see if there was any thing missing.

Catherine Selfe confirmed their evidence, deposed to the things, and said that when she was searched, a bunch of keys were found upon her, and that when she made the bed a key fell off of where the prisoner sat, that locked and unlocked the garret door better than their own key.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went up to enquire for Mr. Welsh; I found the door open, and finding my mistake I came down again; the prosecutor stopped me, and said he had been robbed; there was nothing found upon me.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-29
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

116. (M.) ROBERT SIMMONS was indicted for stealing 40 lb. wt. of lead, value 4 s. the property of persons, unknown, Feb. 10th . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-30

Related Material

117. (M.) WILLIAM FLANAGAN was indicted for stealing seven linen handkerchiefs, value 3 s. and one silk and cotton handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of John Northope , Feb. 7th . ||

John Northope . On the 7th of February as I was sitting in the room next my shop, I heard the glass of my window break; I saw somebody run away; the person continued running; I pursued him; I overtook him, and brought him back again; my maid took up the things.

Jane Tarey . I was in the kitchen; I heard the glass break; I came up to see if my master had catched the person. I picked up the handkerchiefs: seven linen and one silk and cotton one.

Prosecutor. I saw the things about an hour before in my window; part of the glass of the window was broke before, and for that reason I was afraid if the handkerchiefs were laid separate they might be drawn out one by one; thinking to prevent that, I tied them up in that bundle, which was too big to take out unless they broke the glass. (The prosecutor deposed to the things).

Michael Dixon . I had passed by the shop; I heard the glass break; I turned round; the prisoner came running towards me; I said you rascal, what have you done there; he then threw the bundle down; somebody took it up; I verily believe those are the same handkerchiefs; they were tied up with a string in that manner.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of the matter.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-31
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

118. (M.) JAMES FARRAR was indicted for stealing one scarlet cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. one pair of cloth breeches, value 1 s. two pair of worsted stockings, value 1 s. one pair of mens leather shoes, value 6 d. one linen shirt, value 10 d. one muslin neckcloth, value 6 d. and one linen handkerchief, value 2 d. the property of Henry Heater , Feb. 2 d. ||

Henry Heater , On the second of this month I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). I was then in the One Bell in the Strand . The waistcoat was upon the bed; the other things in a box by the bed; I missed them about two in the afternoon.

Garret Daly . I am under ostler at the Bell: the maid told me a man was gone out with a bundle, and called to me to run after him; I pursued him; he dropped the bundle, but the shoes I think he dropped first; I took up the shoes; a man came after and took up the bundle. I am sure I saw the prisoner drop them.

Margaret Donnovan . I am a chamber-maid at the Bell inn: the prosecutor is a coachman

there. As I was going up the yard I saw the prisoner come down with a bundle; he passed by me; I thought at first he had been an acquaintance, but seeing him pass by the Ostler and people of the yard, and take no notice of them, and walk remarkably fast, and at last began to run, I called to Garret and told him of it, and we both pursued him; I saw him drop the shoes and the bundle .

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of it.

For the Prisoner.

Jonathan Nowell . The prisoner is a soldier ; I am his serjeant; he behaved very well eleven years in the company.

John Button . I have known him three years; he bore a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-32
VerdictsNot Guilty

Related Material

119, 120. (M.) WILLIAM HUDSON and TIMOTHY HUDSON were indicted; the first for stealing one gold pencil, value 10 s. one piece of gold being the back of a picture, value 20 s. two silver waiters, value 10 l. two pair of stone shoe buckles, value 10 s. one silver smelling bottle, value 5 s. one plain gold ring , value 3 s. one ruby stone ring set in gold, value 20 s. one piece of foreign gold coin called a crusade, value 3 s. 11 1/2 d. and two quarter guineas , the property of Catherine Road , spinster , Jan. 17th ; and the other for receiving one gold pencil case, one piece of gold being the back of a picture, and one piece of foreign gold coin, well knowing them to have been stolen . *

Both acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-33
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

121. (M.) JAMES TUCKER was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Christian Mackintire , spinster , on the 20th of January , about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing a looking glass, value 10 s. the property of the said Christian, in her dwelling house . ++

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-34
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

122. (M.) JANE BECKETT was indicted for stealing one silver French mouth piece, value 10 s. one silk purse, value 6 d. and three guineas, the property of James Doney , privately from his person , Jan. 18th . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-35
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

123. (M.) LYDIA, the wife of JOHN BILLS , was indicted for stealing one linen ruffled shirt, value 4 s. the property of William Rugg , Jan. 11th . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-36
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty

Related Material

124. (M.) JAMES WALLIS THANE was indicted for that he, in the king's highway, upon John Reed , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a canvas purse, value 1 d. and three guineas, and a quarter of a guinea , in money, numbered, the property of the said John , Nov. 7th . ||

Acquitted .

(M.) JAMES WALLIS THANE was a second time indicted for that he in the king's highway, upon Francis Bowkett , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person nineteen shillings in money, numbered , the property of the said Francis Bowkett . ||

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner).

Francis Bowkett . I believe the prisoner is one of the men that robbed me; I cannot swear to him; it was in the dusk of the evening, about six o'clock; I was robbed of eighteen or nineteen shillings by two men.

Q. Had they any arms?

Bowkett. They had each a pistol; they clapped one to one ear. the other to the other; they damned my eyes and limbs, and bid me deliver my money; one had a long pistol the other a short one.

Q. Who had the long one?

Bowkett. Wallis. The accomplice took my money.

Q. Did they say any thing to you when they went away?

Bowkett. They d - d me a good deal; I

returned it, and bid them give me something to drink, and not take all away: Wallis turned back and gave me a shilling. I met them about the middle of Notting Hill .

Q. Did any conversation pass when you first met them?

Bowkett. I wished them a good night; they wished me a good night as I did them; they passed me, and when I looked back they were standing still; I went on, and they followed me about two hundred and fifty yards.

Q. At what distance did they follow you?

Bowkett. I did not see them again till they put the pistols to my ears.

John Flaxmore . Some time before the other robbery, I cannot say to the day, we had been almost to Shepherd's Bush to rob somebody; coming back by a house that used to be a brew-house, I think they call it the Dial house , about the dusk of the evening, between six and seven o'clock, we met the prosecutor; we were a-foot; we passed him; he wished us a good night.

Q. Did you say any thing to him?

Flaxmore. Never a word; we passed him about the space of one hundred yards; then we agreed to rob him.

Q. Did you stop any time or immediately turn round?

Flaxmore. We stopped and hesitated, and then we agreed to follow him and rob him; we passed him under a wall by the side of the Dial house; Wallis was some yards before me; I turned round and stopped him and demanded his money.

Q. Did you or Wallis turn round and rob him?

Flaxmore. I myself.

Q. Had you pistols?

Flaxmore. Yes, each one; I turned round, stopped him, presented a pistol to his breast, and demanded his money; he gave me eleven shillings.

Q. Were your pistols both of a length?

Flaxmore. One was longer than the other; Wallis had the longest. When I demanded his money, Wallis came up and presented his pistol to him.

Q. Where did he present his pistol, to what part of him?

Flaxmore. Rather towards his head.

Q. Did you make use of any expressions when you robbed him?

Flaxmore. Wallis d - d him, and asked him if he had any more money.

Q. What did you say, did you swear?

Flaxmore. No, not at all. Wallis said, d - n you, you have more; he got nine shillings or nine shillings and sixpence; I cannot tell which; it was all we got; then we went home to Westminster.

Q. What became of the man you robbed?

Flaxmore. He d - d me, and asked for a shilling to carry him home, which I gave him.

Q. To carry him home, did he say?

Flaxmore. To spend or to carry him home, I cannot say which.

Q. When was you taken up?

Flaxmore . I have been in custody eleven weeks.

Q. Which robbery was you taken up for?

Flaxmore. Neither of them: I was taken up going along the Park, and charged with having fire arms about me.

Q. Did either of these men appear against you at Sir John Fielding 's?

Flaxmore. No.

Q. How did the robberies come out?

Flaxmore. By my giving information.

Q. Had you ever been charged with either or both?

Flaxmore. No; the people said that Wallis had declared we had done this robbery, and would be an evidence against me; when I was taken up I mentioned them.

Q. Was Wallis in custody then?

Flaxmore. No; he came to be an evidence against me.

Q. Who did you first discover the robbery to?

Flaxmore. To Sir John Fielding .

Q. Did you make discovery there before he did?

Flaxmore. Yes; he had not been there I believe.

Q. to the prosecutor. You have heard the place described?

Bowkett. Yes.

Q. Was it by the Dial house ?

Bowkett. Yes; it was by the Dial house wall.

Q. Does he describe the place right?

Bowkett. Yes.

Prisoner. I know nothing of Flaxmore; I know nothing of any of them.

Peter Larner . I am turnkey of Tothil-fields Bridewell.

Q. Did you ever hear the prisoner say any thing about impeaching this man?

Larner. Our baker came to the gate with the prisoner; the baker told me he had promised the prisoner should, and upon that he surrendered himself .

Q. Was he brought by a warrant?

Larner . No.

Prisoner's Defence.

Flaxmore and I were both bakers; I never saw him, only at a house of call; I never was out with him. I am not guilty; I know nothing at all about the affair I am charged with; Flaxmore and another man were taken in the Park with fire arms .

Guilty . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-37

Related Material

125, 126. (M.) GEORGE BROWN and ROBERT ANDERSON were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Westwood , on the 13th of July , about the hour of seven in the night, and stealing two cloth waistcoats, value 12 s. a violin, value 5 s. a fiddle stick, value 1 s. a cloth cardinal, value 2 s. a linen sheet, value 2 s. two linen shirts, value 4 s. a linen napkin, value 2 d. a silk ribbon, value 1 d. a pair of linen sleeves, value 2 d. a worked linen half handkerchief, value 3 d. a worked pair of ruffles, value 2 d. a muslin apron, value 1 s. a tin cannister, value 3 d. three ounces of tea, value 6 d. and a paste stay hook, value 6 d. the property of the said William Westwood , in his dwelling house .

William Westwood . I live in Tabernacle Walk , in Shoreditch parish : I make toys. My house was broke open on Sunday the 30th of January last, whilst I was out; when I came home, about nine o'clock, I found my house broke open, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment.

William Jones . I am a constable; a watchman sent for me; when I went, I found the prisoners at one Mr. Newton's, a public house, where they had been taken by the watchmen; I took charge of them and wrote a catalogue of the goods. (The goods produced and deposed to by the prosecutor).

Westwood. Some of these were in the box locked up; I am sure they are my goods.

- Westwood. I am wife to the prosecutor; I went out about a quarter of an hour after my husband; I locked the door, after which I lifted up the latch as I always did, and found it was safe ; when my husband and I came home we found the door broke all to pieces.

Q. How far had you been from your own house?

Westwood. I had been to Mile-end; we found the place very much disordered; many things were broke to pieces; and the things mentioned in the indictment were missing.

- Taylor. About the latter end of last month a great many houses were broke open on Windmill-hill; I and Blundell agreed to patrole that place, to observe any thing that might happen; on the 30th of January going round the Hill, I and another went down Tabernacle-walk ; when we went down considerably below the Tabernacle, I saw the two prisoners come from Mr. Westwood's door; I was then about ten or a dozen yards from the door; it was quite a moon light night; I could see them very plain; we let them pass; I said to my partner, we will stop them at the Maiden-head door; the little one (Anderson) had the bundle tied up and slung a-cross his shoulder; the other had the fiddle and the tinder box in his pocket; the tinder was burning in it when they came to Mr. Newton's the Maiden-head ; we stopt them, we brought them in there and we took them up stairs and found all these things upon them; we sent for Jones the constable who took charge of them and the goods; the men that were with me were James Blundell and Edward Quinton .

Jame s Blundell. I was with Mr. Taylor.

Q. You have heard the account he gave of it; is that account true?

Blundell. Yes; he and Quinton and I agreed to patrole round that neighbourhood; at about seven o'clock at night , on the 30th of January, we met with the prisoners; I took hold of the little one; the other slipt from me, and Taylor caught him; he was not out of sight at all; the biggest had the fiddle; we took them into Mr. Newton's, and then sent for Mr. Jones; the big one, while I was searching the little one, took out of his pocket this tinder box, the lid sell off, and the tinder was on fire; when I first stopt them, the little one said he was going to carry the things to be washed; the other said he was going; to carry the fiddle to get it mended.

Edward Quinton . I was standing about Newton's door to observe who passed and repassed ,

at the same time Blundell and Taylor were following the prisoners; I and Taylor laid hold of the big one as he was going to run away, and we found these goods upon them.

Q. Did either of you go up to Westwood's door?

Quinton . No; we followed the prisoners.

Brown's Defence.

I was coming along Moorfields, just as I came from on board the vessel, going up to see the captain's sister; this lad went with me across the fields: coming back a man stopped us, and asked us if we would watch the bundle for him; he said he would pay us for our trouble. As he did not come, this lad took it up, and said he would carry it home, and get the cloaths washed; we took up the tinder box and bar with them; he gave me the fiddle. Going along these men stopped us, and took us into the alehouse; there they were bragging they would get 40 l. for us. We asked them what they meant by that; they said they would get 40 l. for hanging of us: the two men said that when they had hold of us.

Q. to Taylor and Blundell. Did either of you say such a thing?

Taylor and Blundell. No such word was mentioned.

Jones. The next day after they were committed, we tried this bar to the marks in the door, and they answered the size of the crow .

Anderson's Defence.

Coming across Moorfields I saw this lad: a man asked him to mind this bundle; he said he would pay him for it, it would not be long; we waited above an hour; nobody came; we took these things up, and went along; this man took hold of us, and went into an alehouse with us. I am a tinker .

Both guilty . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-38
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

127 128 129. (M.) WILLIAM WHEELER , JOHN MORGAN , otherwise THOMAS MORRIS , and WILLIAM HILL , were indicted; the two first for stealing thirty two bushels of malt, value 6 l. and eight hempen sacks, value 4 s. the property of George Betts , Jan. 1st . and the other for receiving the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen .

The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.

John Betts . I am a lighterman . On the 1st of January I lost four quarters of malt out of a lighter: my people informed me they watched till eleven o'clock at night, and missed it at midnight. In the morning I missed eight sacks ; I myself saw them safe about nine or ten o'clock over night: the barge lay at Horsleydown. In the course of the next week some malt was found at one Hill's that I can swear to. There are two accomplices. The prisoners were taken on their information, and committed.

Robert Dyer . I am in partnership with Mr. Betts and his kinsman. On the 1st of January last, between twelve and one o'clock, I went down to the water-side to see how the barge lay; I found it safe, but missed this malt out of it.

Robert Tavener . I am a bumboatman at present. I had about four quarters of malt of the prisoners; but don't know who it came from. I sold it for them; it was about the 1st of January. It was shot in an empty room in Kings-head Alley . I sold it to one William Hill. They applied to me to sell it, and they took the money ; they did not give me any thing for my trouble.

Arnold George . I am an apprentice to Mr. Betts; John Morris and Wheeler went to a barge at Smith's Wharf , Horsleydown, on New Year's-day, about eleven at night; the barge was very near full of malt; we took eight sacks out of the barge, and carried them to Kings-head-Alley , Ratcliff-Highway, to the house of one Petro, a Dutchman, and shot it in an empty room, and then threw the sacks into the Thames: we saw Tavener in the morning; we told him we had four quarters more for him, and gave him direction to go to Mr. Hill and sell it; he brought sacks to put it in. Tavener had deceived us; so we got a cart, and took it to Mr. Hill's ourselves; then the prisoners and I went to an alehouse; I went into another room, and Hill paid Wheeler and Morris for it. Wheeler told me they received four guineas, and gave Hill a receipt for it: they gave me twelve or fourteen shillings: my master, on missing the sacks, taxed me with it; and I confessed it; the prisoners were taken up before.

Q. to Tavener . Where did you see this malt at first?

Tavener . In an empty room in King's-head Alley , a little on this side, what they call Radcliff Broad-Street . I was present, and saw the malt sold, and four guineas paid for it. They gave me nothing at all for my trouble.

Wheeler's Defence.

I know nothing about stealing it. Arnold George asked me to help him to load a skiff out of a barge of his master's . I helped him, but did not know he was stealing it.

Morgan's Defence.

I know nothing about it.

WHEELER, guilty .

MORGAN, guilty .

HILL, acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-39
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

130. (M.) ELIZABETH JACKSON was indicted for stealing one cotton gown, value 5 s. the property of Francis Watson , Jan. 17th . ~

Jane Watson . I am wife to the prosecutor, who lives in Heston parish , the side of Hounslow . I never saw the prisoner before now to my knowledge . I lost a cotton gown, a month ago last Tuesday; it was taken upon her, and is now in court.

( John Richardson , the constable, produced the gown, which was deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Watson I hung it out between two and three in the day; I did not see it from that time till I missed it, which was about three o'clock: some of the plaits, and one cuff are unsewed; I known it to be my gown: James Watson followed her, and took it upon her.

James Watson . I am son to the prosecutor: I overtook the prisoner by the Bull in old Brentford ; she had a bundle in her lap; that is about three miles and a half from my mother's. I asked what she had in her lap; she said some dirty things: I insisted on seeing what it was, and found the gown in her apron . I knew it to be my mother's. I brought her to the Boar's-head yard, Old Brentford; she said she did not take it, another woman took it, and gave it to her. I saw her loitering about my mother's about a quarter of an hour after two o'clock.

Prosecutrix. The gown was in my garden; she must have got over two hedges to come at it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am very innocent; I did not know the gown was stolen: I had it from another person; I never was near the house.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d.

[Branding. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-40
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

131, 132. (M.) FREDERICK LILLEONGREEN , and MATTHEW NEWBERY , were indicted for stealing one pair of black velvet breeches, value 2 s. one pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. one hat, value 1 s. one pair of buckles, plated with silver, value 18 d. two pair of leather shoes, value 2 s. one pair of thread and cotton stockings, value 1 s. one black silk handkerchief, value 6 d. and two check shirts, value 3 s. the property of Thomas Hawson . Two linen shirts, value 2 s. and one clasp knife , value 3 d. the property of Matthew Davison , Feb. 13th . ||

Thomas Hawson . I am a sailor . Last Sunday night I lost some things out of a ship at New Crane stairs ; we went to bed about ten o'clock; after we were a-bed the prisoners came on board the vessel, and I lost the things laid to be my property in the indictment. They were in a chest, in the steerage. Lilleongreen confessed he had taken them; he told me where he lodged: I went to his lodging to search, and found several of my things; he told me he had sold the rest, and that the money he had in his pocket arose from that sale.

Matthew Davison . I lost a serge jacket and a knife, which was in the pocket of it. Lilleongreen told me he had sold the jacket, and the knife was found in Newbery's pocket. I was by when the constable took it out; the linen shirt was found in the bed where Lilleongreen and Newbery told me they lodged. (The different articles were produced, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Q. to Hawson. Did you hear Newbery say he lodged there?

Hawson. No, I did not.

Q. to Davison. Did you go together to the lodging?

Davison. No, I went by myself; and Hawson by himself. I went to search for my things: he turned every part of the bed up but the place where he sat. I felt under him and found Hawson's shoes and buckles: the rest of the things were concealed under a piece of canvas under the bed. I said these are Hawson's shoes, there

is his name upon them; then Lilleongreen ran out of the house. I ran after him, and took him; the other staid in the house. I said I wanted nothing but my cloaths, and he might go about his business: then Lilleongreen said they were sold.

Thomas Stockle . I was going by the house in Fox's lane where the prisoner lodged; I saw Lilleongreen in custody; he had Hawson's breeches on, the constable took them off.

Lilleongreen's Defence.

I bought them of a man. I came over in the Nancy; the ship the prosecutor belongs to.

Newbery's Defence.

I know nothing of it; Lilleongreen came home to his lodging, and brought the cloaths with him. I know nothing of it; Lilleongreen gave me the knife.


NEWBERY, acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-41

Related Material

133. (M.) JOHN HURLEY was indicted for stealing one scarlet bays jacket, value 10 s. the property of Margaret Benson , spinster . Feb. 11th . +.

Margaret Benson . On the eleventh of this month, between six and seven in the evening, the prisoner came into our shop, and asked if I had any sea cloaths; I said, yes: my sister came out of the parlour. The prisoner desired to see a scarlet jacket. I reached down a bundle from a shelf, and he took off his cloaths, and put one on; he said it was not good enough for him and then my sister reached down another parcel of the fort of this in court. We took out one: the prisoner gave it a pull out of our hand, threw it to another man, and they both went off.

Sarah Rashfield , the sister, and Martha Griffiths , who were in the shop, confirmed this evidence. (The jacket was produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

John Jones . This jacket was brought me by a woman to pawn.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-42
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty; Guilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation; Transportation; Transportation

Related Material

134, 135, 136, 137. (L.) MARY ARM STRONG , JANE JONES , ELIZABETH SIMMONS , and THOMAS SAMPSON , were indicted, the three first for stealing a silver watch, value 3 l. the property of Abraham Bowden , January 15th ; and Thomas Sampson, for receiving the said watch, well knowing it to be stolen , Jan. 18th . *

The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.

Abraham Bowden . On Saturday the fifteenth day of last month, coming from my daily labour through Gravel-Lane , Armstrong and Simmons called to me, and said they wanted to speak to me; this was about eleven o'clock at night; I listened to hear what they had to say: they took me into a room; there was a fire place; they made me sit down by the fire; then they asked me to give them some money. I gave them two-pence: they inticed me to more wickedness, but did not prevail upon me; then they threw me upon the bed, and I lost my watch; but which of them took it, I cannot say.

Q. What do you mean by saying they did not prevail?

Bowden . They inticed me to go on the bed with them: they threw me on the bed by force.

Q. Was not you able to resist them?

Bowden. I was standing just by the bed; one took me on the one side, and I fell on the bed, and, so falling, the other fell a-top of me.

Q. How long did you stay on the bed after you lost your watch?

Abraham Bowden . I rose up directly, and I cried out I had lost my watch, and some of them must have it; and I desired to have it: they said they had not got it, and did not know who had; they said they would call in their husbands; they opened the door, and in came two men and licked me very severely: who they were I cannot tell. I got away, and called the watch; there were no watchmen where I was robbed. I got the watch, but when I came back there was no person there, and there was a lock on the outside of the door. I got assistance , and took these three girls that were in the room with me when I lost my watch. On Monday night Sampson and another man came to me to make up the affair; they were at the Cock and Woolpack in Finch-lane.

James Ewer . The prosecutor complained he had lost his watch, and got me to assist him; some people came and wanted to make it up;

after that we got together at this Woolpack. Sampson was there , and he spoke to somebody to go to fetch the property where it was. From his so speaking I suspected he had the watch . I talked of searching him; upon that he put his left hand into his pocket, or breeches, and I saw him take the watch out, and drop it in the room; this is the same watch he dropt at that time. (The watch is deposed to by the prosecutor.)

William Pritty . I apprehended the three women : a well dressed man came afterwards, and said, he hoped they would be merciful; they were appointed to meet at the Cock and Woolpack . I said I would search them; as I was going to search them, I saw Sampson drop the watch.

ARMSTRONG, guilty . T .

JONES, guilty . T .

SIMMONS, guilty . T .

SAMPSON, guilty T. fourteen years .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-43
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

138. (M.) ANN BARRY , spinster , was indicted for stealing a canvas purse, value 1 d. a linen handkerchief, value 2 d. and a guinea, and a quarter of a guinea in money, numbered, the property of Thomas Symmonds , privately from his person , Jan. 19th . *

Thomas Symmonds . I met the prisoner, and two other girls, near the Angel at Islington ; I had this money in my pocket in a yellow purse; the prisoner laid hold of me: and, we went together in a field, we were there about five minutes, and I gave her a groat. After we parted I missed the purse, and my handkerchief ; she was pursued and taken.

Prisoner's Defence.

He picked me up; he offered me two-pence; I would not take it; he took out a pocket handkerchief, and gave it to me, and hid me keep it till next night. I took his handkerchief and two-pence; he was concerned with me; he walked down with me, and hid me good night ; he never said he had lost any money till he took me up .

Q. from the jury. As this money was in a purse, might it not fall out of your pocket?

Symmonds. No.

Q. Can you be sure it did not drop out of your pocket?

Symmonds. Yes.

Q. She says you gave her two-pence

Symmonds. I gave her a groat .

Q. In what pocket was it?

Symmonds. My waistcoat.

Q. Are you sure you did not give her the the handkerchief?

Symmonds. Yes .

Q. You did not wish her a good night when you parted with her?

Symmonds. No .

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-44
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

139. (2d M.) JOHN ROSAMOND was indicted for coining and counterfeiting one piece of copper money of this realm, called a halfpenny, against the statute , Jan. 11th . *

Thomas Baker . I am a hackney-coachman; on the fourth of January, about four in the afternoon, my coach was called from Aldgate by the prisoner , and a man that he called father: they both got into the coach, and ordered me to drive to the Why-not in Mile End road; there are two Why-not's ; one an old one, the other a new one: the old one has since been altered to the sign of the Globe. I drove to the first, then they told me to go to the further one: when I got there, they directed me to drive down a lane just by that; they ordered me to stop a little way down the lane at a house where one Mr. Milner lives; they went into that house; after they had been there some time the prisoner came out, and asked some of those that were there, whether the key was in the stable door, or the door open; then they went all of them. The prisoner, the father, and one or two others that met at this house, went into a shed adjoining to this dwelling house, they staid there about a quarter of an hour: the prisoner came out first, then the man he called his father came out after him, with a sack on his shoulder; he put this sack into the coach. I did not touch the sack, it appeared to me very heavy; when they had put it into the coach, the prisoner and his father got in, and bid me drive to Gravel-Lane, near Radcliff-Highway; and when we got there he bid me drive to Pennington-Street; I got there about five o'clock in the evening; when we got there, a woman came out with a candle, and then this man he called father, and the prisoner, went into that house; as they were taking the sack from the coach to the house I heard it rattle as if there was copper in it; then they paid me my fare and I went away; this sack raised a suspicion ,

that they were about coining. I went to Justice Sherwood, and gave information of what I had seen. A warrant was granted; I went with Simmonds, Galpin, Forrester and Sharp, about seven or eight in the evening to that same house in Pennington-Street.

Charles Milner . I am the owner of the house where the shed is on Bow Common . I have seen the prisoner two or three times; I own a house near Bow Common, near the Old Why-Not ; this shed was let by me, not to the prisoner but one Palmer, and a man of the name o f Field, whom they called Father; they hired it of me a little before Christmas; the shed joins to my dwelling house; I have seen the prisoner two or three times about the house, but I never saw him go into this shed; I have heard at times a noise in the shed; I did not know who was in it at that time; the noise was like the threshing of corn; I have occasionally asked Field what they were about; he said he was making buckles; and he has given me one or two pair of buttons .

Mary Robottom . I am housekeeper to Mr. Milner ; I live with him in this house; I have seen the prisoner about the house several times; sometimes I have seen him in the yard; at other times walking or standing about the gate; I never saw him go into the shed, or saw the door of the shed open; nor was there any window that looks into the yard; and the door that leads into the shed was always kept locked; the key of the shed, when it was let, was delivered to Field; I have heard a thumping noise in this shed.

William Simmonds . On the 11th of January, Baker came to Justice Sherwood's and said he suspected he had been carrying some coiners in his coach, therefore we went with a warrant about nine o'clock; I went first to the house in Pennington-street, where the coachman had set the prisoner down; we did not find the prisoner at home; we broke open a room above stairs ; searching the bed in that room, behind the curtains, I found the very bag Baker had described, with the copper in it; I looked into it; in it there were sixteen sheets of copper (a sheet was produced in Court), of a proper thickness to make halfpence; under the bed I found another bag with these dies (producing them); and in the window I found a copper counterfeit halfpenny (producing it).

Grace Gray . It was my house in Pennington-street the prisoner lives at; he and his wife lodged there thirteen days before the house was searched; I was in the room at the time the bag of copper and the other things were found; that room the prisoner had for his logding .

Joseph Corderoy . I am clerk to Justice Sherwood; after the information of Baker, I went to Pennington-street: after the others had been at Pennington-street, I and five others went to Bow Common; I told Milner I came to search his house; I found nothing in his house; but in the kitchen I found a window that led into a little shed, another shed than what was spoke of before, that is at the bottom of the house ; I got from that shed through the window in the kitchen, into this little back shed in the yard; there I found a large pair of shears fixed, and some cuttings of copper, ( producing them ); in that back yard I found a hole that made into the back of the other shed; after I had taken the shears into that back shed, I went through this place and saw a door facing it, which I broke open and got into this shed in the front of the house, and there I saw the small engine with a vice that has been produced; and I found a press with a fly, that is it at the door; it is very large and is fit to stamp halfpence; we took all the things away with us .

Milner . This little back shed in the yard was let to Field and Palmer with the other place where the shears were found; they said they wanted it to put sand in; about a fortnight ago I went to the prisoner in prison; he said I hope you will not hurt me; I desired he would tell me where to find Field; he directed me to Brick-lane; I went there but could not find him.

James Galpin . I was at the search at Pennington-street and Bow Common; we found this bag of copper and these dies.

Mr. Chamberlayne . I have looked at the press; it is every way fit to coin with; and I am certain this is a counterfeit halfpenny.

John Clarke . I have been used to the button business; the halfpenny produced is a counterfeit halfpenny; the press at the door which was found at the shed in Bow Common , is such a press as is used in the mint for coining; some of these things that were found under the bed at the prisoner's lodging are dies, some are punches; the punches are to make dies with, because it would be very expensive to engrave every time they wanted to coin; therefore they have a contriyance to soften the die; and with

these punches to strike the impression on the die; when they have got the die thus prepared, they stamp the copper so as to make halfpence with these dies.

Prisoner's Defence.

This Field, that went by the name of Father Field, met me at my father's house, and asked me to take a walk with him; I went with him to Bow Common; then I came back again; I put on locks to the door for him; and several jobs I have done for him; my going there was to ask him for my money, because I could never meet with him; one day I happened to meet with him as I was going to work, in Whitechapel , with a bag on his back; he said he wanted to see me; he asked me to let him leave that bag in my room; I told him he might; after he had left the bag; he told me to meet him at the three Kings in the Minories, at half after three, or at four o'clock; he then took me down to Bow Common to fetch another bag; after the bag was left my wife and I, and all in the house went out together; I did not know what was in the bag; it was never opened; he said he would call for it in the morning, and pay what he owed me.

For the prisoner.

William Wallis . I live in upper Moor-fields; I am a frame-maker , carver and gilder; Rosamond worked for me a few years ago; he served part of his time I believe to that trade.

Q. Has he worked for you lately?

Wallis. Yes, a little while ago; I always took him to be an innocent honest young man.

Q. Was he diligent in his business?

Wallis. Sometimes he was; sometimes he would do as other young people do, neglect it a day or two.

Cross Examination.

Q. When did he work with you last?

Wallis. I really cannot tell, my memory is bad.

Q. Was it two or three months ago?

Wallis. Yes; he worked for me last summer; I could have trusted him in my house any where, and I have great concerns upon my premises.

John Upton . I live in Coverley's-fields, Spital-fields ; I am a cabinet maker; the prisoner served his apprencetiship to me; he had an universal good character; I have known him since; he has continued working in his business constantly and diligently.

Cross Examination.

Q. When did he work last at his business?

Upton. I believe it must be seven months ago.

Q. Do you know any thing of your own knowledge of his working in his business seven months past?

Upton. Yes.

Q. When?

Upton. I believe about June.

William Tate . I am a glass frame-maker, carver and gilder; the prisoner and I were fellow apprentices together; he worked with me about five or six months ago; I always knew him to be an honest innocent young fellow, and rather too innocent for working in a shop where people would impose upon him; I worked five years with him; he had always the character of a hard working young man.

Cross Examination.

Q. You do not know any thing of him the last five months?

Tate. No, I heard he did finish some work at Mr. Wellings.

William Day . I am a watch case maker; I have known him ten years; I have been intimate with him five or six years; he has always bore a very good character.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-45
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

140, 141. (L.) THOMAS WRIGHT , and THOMAS WHATMORE , were indicted for stealing three guineas , the property of David Lewis , Jan. 29th . *

Both acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-46
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

142, 143, 144. (L.) WILLIAM ASHFORD , WILLIAM FURBILAND , and MARY, the wife of WILLIAM FURBILAND , were indicted; the two first for breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Blewet , on the ninth of January, about

the hour of four in the night, and stealing a silk damask gown, value 40 s. a stuff petticoat, value 10 s. five silver tea-spoons, value 16 s, a sattin cardinal, value 7 s. a lawn apron, value 4 s. a brass tobacco-box, value 6 d. one knife, value 6 d. a mahogany tea-chest, value 4 s. a mahogany box, value 2 s. two guineas, and ten shillings in monies , numbered, the property of the said William, in his dwelling house ; and the other for receiving part of the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen . *

William Blewett . I live on Addle-hill, Doctor's Commons : I am a shoe black ; I have two or three women to clean them; I go for shoes as far as Norfolk-street in the Strand, and bring in two or three hundred pair in a day; my house was broke open on Sunday morning, the ninth of last month. I got up between seven and eight in the morning, and found a great hole in the cieling: I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.) They were all safe in the room on Saturday; the money was locked up in a writing desk that was broke open. The room is built over some stables; we go through the house to it: I pay ten guineas a year for the room and the house; the room communicates with the house. Several pair of the shoes were taken out of the drawer of the desk; they untiled the house; they tied a rope to the rasters, and let themselves down through the cieling into the room, and got away the same way. I found the rope hanging there in the morning: there was no hole in the cieling on Saturday night. I was in the room after dark, then all was safe; we got up as soon as it was light, and missed the things. Charles Dorman came the Monday week following, from Whitechapel to fetch me. I went before the Bench of Justices, and heard where some of my things were pawned; there was the tobacco-box produced, and Furbiland's wife was present, and informed me where the tea-spoons were, and she went with me to one Baker's a pawnbroker, where I found them; the black Russel petticoat I found at Mr. Commings' in Houndsditch; the silk gown at Mr. Windsor's in the Minories , and an apron at one Mr. Green's. (The several articles were produced by the different pawnbrokers, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Alexander Allen . I took Ashford in my yard; he came to break into my dwelling house. I took him to the watch house, and on the Monday he was sent to the Justice's ; and there I was bound over to appear in this affair: Ashford confessed before the Justice that he and Furbiland broke open Blewet's house; he said they got in at the street door, and went up the stairs, and that at the top of the stairs, for fear of making a noise in breaking the door open, they got out at a little place on the top of the tiles, and made their way through the tiles into a cock lost; there they lay together till they thought Blewet was gone to bed; then they made their way through the cieling of the room, where the things were; that they took away the laths and plaster, and tied a rope to the rasters, and so got into the room. Furbiland denied it; Ashford said they were very much put to it for a light; they had never a candle.

William Fox . I took the gown in of the woman at the bar; she pledged it the tenth of January, in the name of Robertson.

Charles Dorman . I was at the rotation in Whitechapel; when the two men prisoners were there; the Justice sent for Furbiland's wife; when she was brought, and thought she was going to be committed, she said she would tell the Justice where the things were in pawn. The Justice asked Ashford, when he was examined on Allen's account, if he was guilty of any thing else; he said, yes, another robbery at one Blewett's on Addle-hill, Doctor's Commons; he told the Justice what they took, and said Mrs. Furbiland pawned them; the Justice asked him which way they got in; he told him by getting through the top of the house.

John Ham . I was the officer of the night; I took charge of Ashford, when Allen brought him to the watch-house. I asked Ashford how he came to be guilty of it, and if he had been guilty of any thing more; he said only of one robbery , at one Blewett's on Addle-hill; he said Furbiland and he went there on Saturday night, and untiled the house, and let themselves down into the room; he said Furbiland lodged with him; I sent a beadle and some watchmen in the morning between four and five to take him, and they brought him down. I found on Ashford some matches, a tinder box, a candle, aturn screw and a number of keys .

Charles Earle. I was in the watch-house at one in the morning, when Ashford was brought in; he was searched, and a parcel of tools found on him; he told the whole affair respecting the

robbery of Blewett, and said Furbiland was with him; I went in the morning and took Furbiland. I found the cardinal and tobacco box in his room in one of his boxes. (The cardinal and tobacco box deposed to by the prosecutor).

Frederick Wagner . I live with Mr. Green, a pawnbroker in the Minories; I took in the apron of Mary Furbiland on the 14th of January; I lent her one shilling and sixpence on it.

David Commings . I live with Mr. Huff, a pawnbroker, in Houndsditch; this petticoat was pledged at our house on the 10th of January for five shillings and sixpence, in the name of Mary Robertson ; I was not in the shop when it was taken in; I do not know who it was brought by.

Robert Barker . I live in Houndsditch: I took in these five silver tea spoons; they were pledged in the name of Robertson. I am not clear whether the prisoner is the woman or no; I believe she may be; I never saw her but that once in my life.

Ashford's Defence.

This man that is brought here is innocent of the affair; he was a-bed at the time. I was going on Sunday morning to my brother's, and found the things in a bundle; I told the things and brought them home; Furbiland was not up; I live with him; his wife got up first; I shewed her what things I had got, and told her I had found them; I looked next day to see if they were advertised; they were not; then I desired her to pawn them.

Furbiland's Defence.

I know nothing of the matter; if any thing had been brought into the house to my knowledge they should not have staid there; I was ready to sink when I heard him say that at the Justice's. I have no friends here now; I did not think it would be necessary; they were here yesterday.

ASHFORD guilty . Death .

The other two acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-47

Related Material

145. (M.) WILLIAM HALL was indicted for stealing ten linen shirts, value 40 s. the property of Robert Fletcher , Feb. 16th . ||

Merryman Fletcher. I am wife of Robert Fletcher ; I take in washing; I hung out these shirts with others last Wednesday about half after eleven o'clock, in the yard to dry, it being very windy, I returned in about half an hour; then the shirts were gone; but in ten minutes the man and shirts were brought in.

Thomas Parker the constable produces the shirts .

Martha Field . I was a washing; I had been out in order to look and see that they were smooth; I came in again; I had not shut the door a minute before I heard the post break down and hit the back door; upon which a man ran out and went over the pails; one of the shirts hung on the pails, that I brought in, that would have made eleven; I called out and many people came.

Thomas Ball . I was at Mr. Shutter's; I saw two men running a-cross the fields; I ran after them; the prisoner had a bundle, but before I came to him he threw it down; I took it up and took the prisoner, and brought it away I saw ten shirts told out of the bundle.

William Boltster . I live next door; I was there when the robbery was committed; I heard the woman scream; immediately I saw two men running away, the prisoner was one of them; he was never out of my sight from that time till I saw him throw down the bundle; then I came up and brought the bundle back: there was ten shirts in it.

Prisoner's Defence.

There were more people running; the other man threw down the bundle, I picked it up.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-48

Related Material

146. (M.) AMBROSE CANTWELL was indicted for that he on the king's highway, in and upon John Vernon did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person, one man's hat, value 2 s. and eight pence in money, numbered, the property of the said John , Feb. 15th . +

John Vernon . (a black .) I am now out of place; I lived in the service of Sir Robert - ; but I was out of place at the time the fact happened; I lodge in Church-lane; I was going home to my lodging between ten and eleven last Tuesday night, near upon eleven; as I came to the Crown in Dyot-street , I met the prisoner; he said how do you do; I said the same to him again; he said give me

the stick you have got there; I said I would not; he said he insisted upon it he would have it, and held it fast; another came up; they both wrestled with me to get the the stick out of my hands; the prisoner went round me and tripped me up, when the other man cried out, keep him down and kill him; the prisoner's knee was on my breast; I called out for the watch; they then snatched the hat from my head, and then took four-pence halfpenny out of my pocket; the prisoner took the hat off and gave it to a man; I was running after the man who had the hat, and a girl who lived in the neighbourhood called after me and told me not to go after them, for they used the Turk's Head; I went to my lodgings; I sat up till seven in the morning; I was so wet I did not chuse to go to bed for fear of catching cold; I had no other clothes; I went to the Turk's Head; I saw several of the fellows in the house; I asked the prisoner if he knew me; he said no; I said no more, but I went out directly and got a constable; I went to the public house, then the prisoner was taken.

Q. What sort of a night was it?

Vernon. It was a rainy night; it was not very light; I was just under a lamp; I am sure the prisoner is the man; he was in the same dress in the morning when I saw him at the Turk's Head.

On his cross examination, he said he went to his lodgings about an hour after the robbery; that he did not apply to any watchmen that night, the maid let him in that night, and he told her of it; that he saw the prisoner and several more of those that robbed him, at the public house ; that he returned to the public house with a constable in half an hour after he f irst quitted it, and found the prisoner as the house; that he took him up and another; that he knew some others, but only took up the man who had his knee upon his breast.

Charles Grubb . The prosecutor came and asked me if I was a constable; I said yes; he said he had been robbed, and had seen one of the men at a public house; I went with him; he said he was sure the prisoner was the man that knocked him down, but he was not so sure of the other; I took them both up; as he could not swear so positively to the other, he was discharged.

On his cross examination, he said the prosecutor told him the whole account of the robbery; that he had no hat on, or money when he came to him; and said the prisoner behaved very impudent when he was taken up.

For the prisoner .

Thomas Harley. I have known the prisoner some years; he always bore a good character; he is a simple honest good lad; he worked with me the beginning of last spring; he has since worked in the city.

Rachael Crofts . I have known the prisoner a twelvemonth; I saw the black last Saturday; he said he only knew the man by his clothes, and because he looked pale when he went into the house; the prisoner always bore a good character.

Francis Tilsdon . I keep the Turk's Head; I have known him three years; he always bore a good character; a great many bricklayers use my house; the black came in in the morning, and said to the man that sat by the prisoner, do you know me, and you sir to the prisoner; the prisoner said no; the black went out and stood a quarter of an hour by the house; I said to the prisoner I hope you have not done any thing wrong, did you ever see him before: he said no, and did not offer to go away; he was at my house the evening of the robbery; he went out about half eleven o'clock; I do not believe he had been out before that night.

William Jones . I have known the prisoner all his life-time; I always thought him honest.

Christopher Hallet . I have known him four or five years; I never heard any thing ill of him; he used to work with his father.

Q. to the prosecutor. Did you say you did not know him only from his turning pale?

Prosecutor . No.

Grubb. The prosecutor gave the same account before the Justice he has given here.

Q. from the Jury to Tilsdon . What time did he come to your house that morning he was taken up?

Tilsdon . The black came in about nine o'clock.

Q. How far is it from your house to where he lodges?

Tilsdon. It might be about a hundred yards ; he says he was in Church-lane; it is not twenty yards from my house to the corner of Church-lane.

Q. to the constable. What time did he come to your house?

Grubb. About half an hour after eight o'clock; the magistrate was rather doubtful of the prisoner; he desired I would go to his mother's, as he said he lay at home all night, to search his lodgings, to see if I could find his hat; she said he came home about eleven

o'clock; he knocked, but she would not let him in.

Guilty . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-49
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

Related Material

147. (M.) JOSEPH LLOYD was indicted for feloniously returning from transportation, before the expiration of his time , Jan. 14th .

On account of an error in the indictment he was

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-50
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

148. (M.) CHARLES WHITTLE was indicted for stealing, on the 29th of January , about the hour of four in the night, eighty yards of worsted shag, being woolen manufacture , value 7 l. the property of Joshua Green , and George Green , fixed to their racks and tenters . +

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-51

Related Material

149. (M.) WILLIAM GODFREY was indicted for stealing eight pair of mens leather shoes , value 30 s. the property of Charles Harris , Feb. 9th . +

Charles Harris . I live in Great Turnstile. On the 9th of February a servant of Mr. Brown, the pawnbroker, informed me he believed they had stopt a pair of my shoes; I went there, and found they were my property; there were six other pair my property, that the pawnbroker said were pawned by Elizabeth Smith ; the mark was blotted out, and the ink wet when they were brought to pawn; the pawnbroker put his hand in, and it coming out wet made him suspect they were not honestly come by.

John Weston . I am servant to Mr. Harris: I know the shoes to be my master's property.

James Gattey . I am servant to the pawnbroker; the shoes were brought by Elizabeth Smith ; I asked her whose they were; she said her landlord's, and went and brought him, and he said he had them of the prisoner for rent; the prisoner was sent for; he said they were his, and he would fetch a person to his character; he came again and said they were shoes he had to make for a master and desired to have them again .

The prisoner called one witness who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-52
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

150. (M.) SARAH, the wife of Thomas SNAGG , was indicted for taking away two pair of linen sheets, value 6 s. one linen bed quilt, value 3 s. and two looking glasses, value 3 s. the property of Patrick Madan , being in a ready furnished lodging, let to her by the said Patrick, with intent to steal, imbezzle and putloin , against the statute , Jan. 25th . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-53
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

151. (2d M.) ANN WELCH was indicted for stealing a pair of mens shoes, value 4 s. the property of George Harden , Feb. 4th . ++

George Harden . The prisoner was a servant in my house, and disappeared that morning.

Robert Nixon . The prisoner pawned the shoes at my house.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-54

Related Material

152. (2d M.) WILLIAM LANE was indicted for stealing 60 lb. of lead, value 5 s. the property of Alexander Houston , John Clarke , and William Creighton , Feb. 18th . ++

John Campbell . I am master of a ship; a quantity of lead was taken from the ship; I saw it there on Thursday; it was wanting on Friday; it was found by the other witness; it corresponded with the place from whence the lead was taken. (Some lead produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Thomas White . I am a watchman: on Thursday night between eleven and twelve, I saw the prisoner with the lead; I suspected him; I seized his bundle, and found it to be lead.

John Woodbert . The lead was produced before the Justice; I carried it to the ship, and it fitted the place from whence the lead was taken.

Prisoner's Defence.

The lead was given me.

He called two witnesses to his character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-55
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

153. (L.) THOMAS CARTER was indicted for feloniously neglecting to surrender himself to the commissioners of bankrupts in a certain commission awarded against him .

No evidence was given .

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-56
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

154. (M.) ELIZABETH ROSE was indicted for stealing one diamond ring set in gold, value 10 l. one metal ring, value 2 d. and one shagreen case, value 6 d. the property of Emon Guillot , Jan. 15 . ++

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-57
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

155 , 156. (M.) JOHN M'CARTY and MARY RICE were indicted for stealing four linen shifts, value 10 s. and sixteen linen handkerchiefs , value 5 s. the property of Stephen Cook , Feb. 12th . ++

Eleanor Cook . I am the wife of Stephen Cook : I lost four shifts and sixteen handkerchiefs; I put them in a basket and set them on a chest of drawers in the parlour on Thursday the 10th of February, at night; I missed them on Saturday morning. I went and gave notice to the pawnbrokers round; Mary Rice was stopped at Mr. Lane's, in Holborn, with the two handkerchiefs.

The pawnbrokers produced the different articles, which they deposed they received of Mary Rice ; they were deposed to by the prosecutrix.

John Heley . On Saturday se'nnight Mr. Lane sent to Sir John Fielding 's; I went to his house and took Rice; I carried her to the watch-house, and on Monday, before she was examined, while we were at the Brown Bear , M'Carty came in and sat down by her; I asked him if he knew her; he said, yes; I saw this handkerchief about his neck (producing it); I asked him where he had it; he said it was his own; I said he must go before Sir John. and give an account of it; I searched him and found a white handkerchief in his pocket. He was taken to Sir John Fielding 's; he said there that Mary Rice gave them to him; she said she did.

Mary Rice 's Defence.

The handkerchiefs were left me by a person I worked for; he went abroad; he owed me some money ; when he went away, he said if he did not return I might keep them; I gave two to M'Carty to get some money on them.

M'Carty's Defence.

Rice gave me the two handkerchiefs to pawn for her.

M'Carty called eight witnesses, who gave him a very good character.

Rice called two witnesses, who gave her a good character.

M'CARTY acquitted .

RICE guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-58
VerdictGuilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentenceDeath; Death

Related Material

157, 158, 159. (2d M.) THOMAS IVES , RICHARD PITT , and MARY FREEMAN , were indicted for feloniously and traiterously forging, counterfeiting and coining one piece of false, seigned and counterfeit money and coin to the likeness and similitude of the good and current money and silver coin of this realm called a shilling, against the duty of their allegiance, and against the statute , Feb. 4th . +

John Clarke . An information came to Sir John Fielding 's; it was so late at night I could not obtain a warrant; I went down early the next morning to Ives, thinking to find him in the house; that was the 5th of this month; I met him three or four hundred yards from the house, with a pitcher in his hand going to fetch water; at that time I did not know him; I came up to his house and found it shut; the officer and I went to a public house in the neighbourhood and asked if they knew Ives; they told us he lived at the house we had described to us; I went to look at the back part of the house to see if any person could make their escape backwards; I found they could; I fixed two persons there; when I came back again I saw Ives go into his house with a pitcher of water in his hand; the house was locked; Ives opened the door himself ; I asked him if his name was not Ives; he said yes; and at that time there was a girl in the room with him, which I believe is a daughter of Mrs. Freeman; there was nobody in the house but myself; I took him into the yard to give the others notice I was in the house; I took him into custody; then the daughter of Mrs. Freeman ran up stairs to her mother; I went up stairs after the girl; when I came up into the bed room Mrs. Freeman sat upright in the bed with her pockets in her hand.

Q. This was I believe between seven and eight o'clock?

Clarke . It might be half after eight; I will not be certain to the time; I searched her pockets.

Q. Was this up one pair of stairs?

Clarke. Yes; I found in her pocket nineteen counterfeit shillings and a sixpence; I asked

who was up stairs; she said a man and a woman; I took the daughter up with me and went up stairs, whilst she dressed herself; when I came up stairs, Pitt and a woman were in bed; I searched the room; there were things lay very open; somebody had been at work the day before there; I found a pair of flasks; these are them (producing them); I found sand and some aquafortis in water, (producing it); I found some what they call facing in the casting business; that is a composition used such as rotten stone powdered fine to pour over the sand to make the pores fine, that when a thing is cast it should not come out full of holes; it is to make it a smooth surface.

Q. What is the use of the aquafortis?

Clarke. If you take a composition of a quarter silver, and the rest in copper, and warm that composition thus mixed together, and throw it into aquafortis and water, it forces all the silver on the out side.

Q. Then it will serve the purpose of making the composition of a little silver, and a great deal of copper, appear like silver?

Clarke. Yes.

Q. Was you ever bred up in chymistry?

Clarke. We are obliged to use it in the business I was brought up in.

Q. I see there is a tinge upon it; is that the silver or copper?

Clarke. Silver certainly .

Q. If silver is dissolved in aquafortis , will hat dissolution be white; the liquid is blue?

Clarke. The colour of aquafortis is the colour of water , or may be a little yellowish.

Q. Now suppose nothing but silver is dissolved in aquafortis, what would be the colour then?

Clarke. When it comes to stand it turns to this colour that is bluish; by shaking it, it turns like milk; I found some crucibles for melting metals; they had been made use of.

Q. Did you find any thing else in the house?

Clarke. Yes, up in a work shop I found what they call a window for casting, and to melt metal , and in searching the work board I found what some of the trade call aspray, some call it aget , (produces it); this is laid in the sand where any impression is meant to be cast; the impression is laid by the side of it, and when the dent is made this is turned out, which leaves a cavity or a gutter to pour the metal in to make the impression; that was found in the workshop, and I found some metal run into that gutter; upon the same bench where I found that aget I found two things that resembled a shilling and a sixpence; I found some files and some metal of the same nature as what that aspray is.

Q. What do you take that metal to be?

Clarke. I took it to be a composition of either bell metal and silver, or tutenague and silver ; it is a composition.

Q. One of the ingredients in it is silver?

Clarke. Yes.

Q. This is a composition in which there is silver, and putting it in aquafortis will make it white like silver?

Clarke. Yes; here are two smooth files; I found these in the work-shop; here is a piece of scouring paper; it has been used to rub a composition of metal upon, and the edge of something has been used at one edge; it has all the marks of silver upon it; now there was a winnow stow , a furnace that has an air hole which draws the draught to the fire.

Q. There was a flue which would give an increase of wind, and performs the office of bellows to make a strong fire?

Clarke. Yes; I saw a box under the bed where Pitts was a-bed; I asked him whose that was; he said Ives's we asked Mrs. Ives for the key; she had a bunch of keys; we could not find a key in the bunch that would open the box; I began to break it open; word was sent Mr. Ives of that and he sent me the key; he gave it to Mr. Taylor and Mr. Senhouse brought it to me; in that box I found a small pair of flasks; that was all I found in it; I searched the daughter and found two counterfeit shillings and one bad sixpence; it was the prisoner Freeman's daughter; it was on Mrs. Freeman I found the nineteen shillings.

William Taylor . I went along with Mr. Clarke in the morning he has mentioned, to apprehend the prisoners; I searched Ives; I found ten shillings and seven six-pences in his pocket, which I looked upon to be bad, but they turned out to be some of them good ones when they were examined before the Justice; the good ones appeared to be the patterns of the counterfeit shillings found on the woman, which Mr. Clarke has given an account of; with regard to the box Mr. Clarke has mentioned , I heard a noise above stairs , and asked Mr. Ives if he had the key of that box; that I did not mean to do him any

injury ; if he had, to send it up stairs; I do not know what room the box was in; I was below stairs the whole time; I did not go into the work-shop ; he gave me the key, and I gave it to Mr. Senhouse; that is all I know.

Peter Senhouse . I received a key of Mr. Taylor and gave it to Mr. Clarke; I went up into the work-shop, then the box stood on a bench where they worked; Mr. Clarke opened the box in my presence; there were working tools took out of the box; there were these small pair of flasks ; I saw Pitt and his wife in bed in the shop; I was present when all the things Clarke has spoken of were found.

Q. How long was Clarke in the room before you?

Senhouse. About two minutes.

Q. What did you see first?

Senhouse, Pitt and the woman in bed; I saw all the things Mr. Clarke speaks of.

Q. Do you know any thing of Mrs. Freeman?

Senhouse. No; she and her daughter were in the one pair of stairs room; the work-shop is on the two pair of stairs.

Clarke again. When we had taken the prisoners before Sir John Fielding , Mr. Taylor told me he had found some counterfeit shillings; I desired him to let me look at them; he did; I was at a loss myself till I took them in my hand to know the bad from the good; the good shillings had been worked till they were as bright as the counterfeit shillings.

Q. Explain what you mean by their being worked?

Clarke. They had been put in the sand; the other shillings were put in; when I came to look at the shillings and examine the counterfeit shillings, I picked out so many counterfeits (producing a paper marked No. 1). There is five counterfeits and a pattern shilling in it with them, that is a good shilling.

Q. The bad shillings are not all worked from one good shilling?

Clarke. No; there are seven different paterns; (produces another paper marked No. 6). This paper contains a parcel of bad shillings and a good one; the bad ones have been worked from the good one, (produces another paper marked No. 3). Here is a pattern shilling and two counterfeits; they appear to be worked from the good one; (produces another paper marked No. 5. with two counterfeits and a good shilling; produces another paper marked No. 4 with one counterfeit and a pattern; produces another paper with a crocked pattern and three counterfeits all crooked). I suppose the crooked shilling being pu t in the mould would make the counterfeits crooked just in the same manner; if you look under the head of the crooked shillings, you will find a letter, and close to the letter a dot. which seems to be done by accident in the good shilling; by looking at the counterfeit shillings you will see the like dot there; that is a striking circumstance.

Counsel for the crown . I observe there is on the back of the head two or three scratches or dots , that exactly correspond in the bad shillings .

Jury . They correspond as exact as possible.

Q. Do you know what relation Pitt stands in to Ives ?

Clarke. I cannot tell any thing about it; Pitt says he lay four months in the room, and that he went on errands for Ives.

Q. Did Ives say whether this was his house or not?

Clarke. He owned it was his house; and let himself into the house; and he had the key of the box.

Q. from Ives to Taylor . How many good shillings and sixpences did you take out of my pocket?

Taylor. All I have shewed to the court; ten good shillings, seven good sixpences, and a note for five guineas; the reason of my taking the note was to endeavour to trace somebody he dealt with.

Counsel for the crown . The note must be given to him again.

Ives's Defence.

I will say nothing that I cannot stand to; I am not guilty of any of the things these people have charged me with.

Pitt's Defence.

I never saw any thing of the affair done; Clarke said twenty times in the coach, I should be punished if I did not confess .

IVES guilty . Death .

PITTS guilty . Death .

FREEMAN acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-59

Related Material

160. (2d M.) ELIZABETH GOULD was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. and a muslin neckcloth, value 1 s. the property of Charles Hitch , Jan. 24th . ++

Charles Hitch . I am postilion to his royal highness the duke of Gloucester: I went out about the 20th of January; I met the prisoner; we had some talk, and I took her to the stable, and we consented to go to bed together: I lie in a room there that opens into the hay-loft ; I laid my watch in the window, and hung my neckcloth on one of the pegs; I waked in the morning and the prisoner was gone; I got up and found the hay-loft window left wide open; I missed my watch and my neckcloth.

James Sleo . I am servant to Mr. Murphy, the pawnbroker. On the 24th of January I took in a neckcloth of the prisoner; she went out and came back again with a watch; I went to a watchmaker according to the direction of a paper in the inside, and he told me it was the prosecutor's; I went to the prosecutor; (produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I went home with the man, and when a-bed I asked a present of him; he said he had no money; then I said I would get up again; he swore I should not, and took the neckcloth and lapped the watch in it, and bid me get what I could upon it ; in the morning I took them, and asked two guineas on them.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-60

Related Material

161. (M.) MARY HIND was indicted for stealing a cloth cloak, value 7 s. and one linen sheet, value 5 s. the property of Charles Simmons , Feb. 8th . ++

Charles Simmons . On the 8th of February the cloak was taken out of the kitchen; I did not miss it till the 10th. (The cloak produced and deposed to.)

Elizabeth Simmons . The prisoner was my servant ; I saw the cloak the day before she went away; the morning after she went I missed it; I went to a public house in Tyburn-road, where she lived a servant; her mistress brought it down into the tap room.

William Baratt . The prisoner pledged this sheet at my mistress's, Mrs. Truswell in Oxford-street, for two shillings, in the name of Elizabeth Wild .

Prisoner's Defence.

I lived servant there two days; she was very jealous of me, and turned me away at twelve o'clock at night; I went the next night for my things; he gave me the bundle; when I opened it I found the cloak and sheet in it; I was afraid to carry them back; I do not know how they came in the bundle.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-61

Related Material

162. (M.) WILLIAM SELL was indicted for stealing one live sow, value 7 s. the property of Mary Robinson , widow , Jan. 17th . ++

Mary Robinson . I live at Westminster: I lost a sow about a month ago; yesterday three weeks one Mr. Brown, a neighbour, took me to the prisoner's lodging; I saw the sow; it was cut up; it had received a cut a-cross the loins with a saw, that was not healed; I knew it to be mine by that wound. The prisoner had been taken up for something else, and was in Bridewell; I went there, and asked him how he could kill my sow, and he laughed me to scorn.

John Chewter . I am a constable: I saw the sow in the prisoner's room; it was all bloody, and there was an axe there all bloody.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been at work by the water side; coming home between eight and nine o'clock I saw this sack; I took it home, and there appeared to be a pig in it; I could not tell whose it was; I let it lie in my room till next day; then I scalded it, and salted it; it had been in salt ten days before the prosecutrix came and swore to it.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-62
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

163. (M.) JANE HUNTER was indicted for stealing fifteen pair of silk stockings, value 5 l. the property of William Manning , privately in the shop of the said William , Jan. 25 . ||

William Manning , On the 25th of January, when I went to dinner, there were four bundles of stockings on the compter; while I was at dinner the prisoner came into the shop; when she was gone, my servant called out that she had got something; he followed her, and in five or six minutes he brought her back; I lifted up her cloak, and she dropped the stockings from under

her arm; I am sure they are my property; (a part of the stockings produced); they are trimmed particularly for the East Indies.

John Basnet , a servant to Mr. Manning, confirmed his evidence.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was not near the compter; I never had the stockings; Mr. Manning never touched me, nor examined me; he leaned on the compter and threw them down; he said he had been robbed a great many times and somebody should suffer for it.

The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave her a good character.

Guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of stealing them privately in the shop . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-63
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

164. (M.) MARY GORTON was indicted for stealing a pair of white women's pumps, value 8 s. sixteen pair of callimanco pumps, value 56 s. one woman's callimanco pump, value 2 s. five pair of women's sattin pumps, value 20 s. two pair of men's leather shoes, value 8 s. a pair of women's leather shoes, value 3 s. five pair of children's leather shoes, value 5 s. a pair of women's leather clogs, value 3 s. a wooden box, value 7 s. three linen shirts, value 6 s. two pair of nankeen breeches, value 3 s. a pair of stocking breeches, value 1 s. two lawn neck-cloths, value 1 s. a linen sheet, value 6 s. a cloth coat, value 18 d. a cloth waistcoat, value 6 d. and three linen towels, value 1 s. the property of William Lane , Feb. 6th . ++

William Lane. I am a shoe-maker in Poultney court, Silver-lane, near Golden-square . On the 6th of February, between five and six in the evening, I went out; I returned about half after eight, and missed all the things mentioned in the indictment. On this day se'nnight I saw a pair of my shoes exposed to sale at Mrs. Cowan's shop in Monmouth-street.

Elizabeth Cowan . I bought this pair of shoes ( producing them) of Solomon Isaac .

Solomon Isaac . I received the shoes of the prisoner at her house in Tottenham-court road. I am an old clothes man.

Moses Lyon . Last Tuesday Cowan was brought to Sir John Fielding 's, as a prisoner, and was discharged to produce the person she bought the shoes of; she found Isaac, and brought him to Sir John Fielding 's, and he produced the prisoner; I went and searched the prisoner's room, and found these things ( producing two pair of shoes, an odd shoe , two towels, and the body of a shirt.)

The prosecutor deposed to the two pair of shoes and the odd shoe.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am really innocent of what they charge me with.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-64

Related Material

165, 166. (2d M.) WILLIAM LEONARD and WILLIAM HIBBERD were indicted for stealing of 80 lb. lead, value 5 s. the said lead being affixed to a certain building the property of the said William Green , Feb. 17 . ++

Rees Owen . William Leonard was a labourer on some buildings of Mr. Green's; the lead was found missing from a garret window; the lead was found the next morning or soon after; I will not swear it is the same lead, but it fits it exactly, therefore I believe it is the same . (The lead produced).

Charles Wakeford . I am a plaisterer; the lead produced exactly fitted the place the lead was taken from; I have no doubt but it is the same lead.

John Lewis . The lead was brought to me to sell by Hibberd; suspecting it, I went out and called in Barnard, the constable. Before the Justice they both owned they took the lead.

Richard Barnard confirmed the evidence of the last witness.

- Green. I went to Clerkenwell prison with my man to see the prisoners; there Leonard owned it.

The prisoners, in their defence, said, they found the lead.

Both guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-65

Related Material

167, 168. (2d M.) JAMES WOODWARD and JOSEPH THOMPSON were indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 2 s. two pair of thread stockings, value 1 s. a pair of worsted stockings , value 1 s. and one pair of silk stockings, value 2 s. the property of William Boseley ; a linen shirt, value 18 d. and one pair of worsted stockings, value 3 d. the property of Samuel Clinch , Feb. 17th . ++

Samuel Clinch . I am one of the recruits ; I remember a pair of worsted stockings and a linen shirt that belonged to me were put up in that bundle, and put in a corner of the room; the two prisoners were there drinking; after this the two prisoners were taken, and the bundle found upon them; they were in conversation together; Thompson had the bundle in his hand.

William Bosely . I am a soldier that had the charge of these recruits; I packed up all the things charged in the indictment, particularly the stockings and shirts. I was told that these things were taken; I remember Thompson and the other prisoner being both taken together; the things were found upon Thompson; Woodward confessed that he took them, and delivered them to Thompson.

Woodward's Defence.

The goods were delivered to me by another person to carry to my wife to wash .

Thompson's Defence.

I know nothing about the things; they were delivered to me.

Both Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-66

Related Material

169, 170. (M.) JOHN GEE , and JOHN FITKIN , were indicted for stealing one long plane , value 18 d. one ogee, value 1 s. one moving fillister, value 1 s. and one rabbit plain, value 6 d. the property of Matthew Simpson , Feb. 15th . ++

Matthew Simpson . I am foreman to Mr. Ralph Adams in Portland-square ; on Wednesday the 16th in the morning some tools were missing; they were found the next day.

Jonathan Man . I looked after some houses that were not finished; one of them was broke open, and thirteen planes stole belonging to different persons that worked for me. On Thursday morning I saw the prisoners take some of them out of a saw-pit that joined to the New Inn by Tyburn turnpike; I followed them to the place where they were stolen from; then I secured Fitkin, and Fitkin bid Gee deliver himself for he was taken; then Gee dropped two planes and jumped over the ditch; the lamp-lighter took up the planes; I can swear to them; they were carried before Justice Cox and committed; Fitchet had the care of the planes.

Richard Fitchet . I attend the Rotation Office; three of us carried the planes there; Mr. Man has had the care of them since.

Man. They have been locked up in a room; I am sure they are the planes that were taken that night. (The planes produced and deposed to).

Thomas Hart . I saw Gee several times about the buildings where the tools where hid; I saw them both come in the afternoon and look into the saw-pit they were put in.

The prisoners in their defence said they were innocent of the charge.

They each called two witnesses who gave them a very good character.

Both Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-67

Related Material

171. (L.) WILLIAM MOORE was indicted for stealing thirty-one yards of cotton stuff called corderoy , the property of Joseph Barlow , Jan. 3d . ++

Joseph Barlow . I am master of the Blossom Inn : I lost some cotton stuff called corderoy, out of the Manchester warehouse; I saw it about the 9th or 10th of December; it was directed to a person in the Strand; the porter could not find the owner; it was brought back and laid on a shelf where we lay goods that we cannot find the owners of; it was stole from this shelf on the 20th of January; I heard the prisoner had some such things in his custody; I had him taken up and carried to the Compter, where he confessed the fact; he was servant to me when he stole them; he told us he carried the corderoy to Bugdens at Hoxton; I sent Jones and Row to search there, and there they found it.

John Jones . When the prisoner was taken to the Poultry Compter I asked him about the things; he said he took them and they were in Bugdens cellar; I went and searched there and found the corderoy, (produces it).

Barlow. I cannot swear to it; I have a bill of parcel of it; when any parcel is wanting I must pay for it.

Robert Row. I was with Jones when he found the goods in Bugdens cellar under the stairs; it has been in my custody ever since.

Prisoner's Defence.

Owen carried it to Bugdens; I never took any thing out of the yard in my life.

Guilty . T .

JOSEPH ABRAHAMS, Sarah Abrahams.
16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-68

Related Material

172. (L.) JOSEPH ABRAHAMS , otherwise SOLOMON , was indicted for stealing a silver tea-kettle, with a silver stand and lamp pan, value 20 l. a silver dish-cross, value 40 s. one silver dividing-spoon, value 10 s. a silver marrow spoon, value 6 s. four silver butter-dishes, value 10 l. two silver drinking-cups, value 6 l. one silver-funnel, value 10 s. one quart silver-tankard, value 6 l. one silver coffee-pot, value 6 l. one silver milk-pot, value 10 s. four silver candlesticks, value 8 l. twelve silver table-spoons, value 5 l. twenty-four silver handles for knives and forks, value 8 l. two silver waiters, value 10 l. one silver drainer, value 10 s. six silver bottle collars, value 6 s. one silver ink standish, value 5 l. two pair of silver shoe buckles, value 1 l. one japanned leather snuff box, set in silver with a pebble, value 1 l. one paper snuff box, value 3 s. six gold rings with stones set therein, value 3 l. four stone seals set in gold, value 4 l. thirteen stones for rings, value 1 l. two pebble watch cases, value 1 l. twenty-seven linen shirts, value 20 l. six other linen shirts, value 10 s. twenty seven muslin cravats, value 1 l. 10 s. six damask tablecloths, value 3 l. two pair of silk stockings, value 10 s . two pair of thread stockings, value 2 s. six dimity caps, value 4 s. three pair of flannel drawers, value 6 s. five linen handkerchiefs, value 1 l. four silk handkerchiefs, value 12 s. twenty seven cotton handkerchiefs, value 2 l. a gingerbread cake, value 1 s. and 1 lb of carvie, value 1 s. the property of Walter Ferguson ; two woollen cloth coats, value 3 l. one woollen cloth waistcoat, value 10 s. three pair of woollen cloth breeches, value 1 l. 10 s. one scarlet vest trimmed with gold, value 1 l. one woollen cloth vest, value 10 s. twenty three linen shirts, value 20 l. eight pair of laced and worked ruffles, value 4 l. twelve muslin cravats, value 10 s. five muslin stocks, value 10 s. three damask table-cloths, value 2 l. six linen towels, value 3 s. two pair of worsted stockings, value 6 s. one pair of thread stockings, value 2 s. two pair of dimity drawers, value 10 s. six night caps, value 6 s. and four pair of white silk stockings, value 1 l. the property of James Ferguson , January 20th , and Sarah Abrahams for receiving the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen . ++

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.)

James Ferguson , Esq ; I put up all the several things mentioned in the indictment in a trunk, and sent it by the Newcastle Waggon, directed for Walter Ferguson , Esq; London. (The trunk produced) that is the trunk I packed up, ( some linen and other things produced) some of them are my property, and some are the property of my brother, Walter Ferguson ; they are the things that I packed up in that trunk, and sent them from Edinburgh to London.

Thomas Compton . I am employed at the White-Horse Inn; the warehouse there was broke open, one Baalam was suspected, on the 20th January; the trunk was brought the Saturday before, about the 15th; when it came to the Inn, the porter was sent with the trunk to find out the Gentleman; it was a general direction to Ferguson, London; the porter could not find him; he brought it back the same night; when he brought it back, there was not the least mark of it having been opened; the box was fastened up with cords; they appeared the same as they were; the trunk lay in the warehouse of the Inn till the Thursday following; I was in the warehouse on Thursday night; I took notice of this trunk; it had all the appearance of not having been opened; in the morning, I found the door into the yard broke open, and the warehouse was open; I went into the warehouse , and observed several trunks had been broke open, and this among the rest; there were two locks; they were sprung and the cordage was unbound; some things were thrown about, and all that were valuable were taken out: the suspicion fell upon Baalam .

Robert Coleman . I am a porter at the White-Horse ; I remember a trunk coming by the waggon, directed by the name of Ferguson; I was sent out with it; I went to several places; I could not find such a person; I brought it back just in the condition I received it; I saw it afterwards, when the cords were cut, and the box was then broke open.

Joseph Levy . I saw the prisoner on Monday the 24th of January last, which was the Monday following the Thursday when these things were stole; I saw him about one o'clock in the morning; I watched him to Duke's-Place; he went into a cellar with a bundle of things, which he put into a corner; it was light enough for me to discern what he did, and knowing him I made particular observation.

William Worrall . I am a servant to Mr. Hanforth , who keeps the White-Horse; on Sunday night we were led by the information of Levy, to search a cellar in Duke's-Place; I got a warrant for that purpose: I found a large bundle; the contents of it were shirts, and womens apparel;

they were in a basket covered over with greens. (They are produced and deposed to by Mr. Ferguson)

Richard Weston . I was at Northumberland Alley: Baalam said the things were put into the prisoner's cart, and were carried to a place in Northumberland Alley, and put into a stable, and that we should find some picklock keys there; when I came there I found a horse with a cart, and the name on the cart was Abraham Solomons ; I found likewise according to the information of Baalam some picklock keys: I went in consequence of Levy's information to a cellar in Duke's-Place, and I found there a bag of linen in a basket covered over with greens; they were delivered to Mr. Robert Row, the constable.

Robert Row. I am a constable: I went to Northumberland Alley; I found the picklocks that are produced; some of them they say will open the doors of the warehouse. Baalam told me that he cut the throat of the dog that night; Baalam confessed that he undid the door, and stole these goods (producing a quantity of linen which was deposed to by the prosecutor.)

John Jones confirmed this evidence.

James Baalam . I was the principal person concerned in this robbery; I applied to a woman to desire her to assist me by recommending me to some person who would put off stolen goods; she recommended me to the prisoner; I put off some things I had stolen to him; he agreed with me to rob the warehouse of some things, and said he would come with a horse and cart and carry the goods to Northumberland Alley; we broke open the warehouse, and carried the things to Northumberland Alley; after which they were carried to Houndsditch, where they were unpacked: I had twenty guineas in part; but the prisoner said the plate was unsold. There was a bundle of picklocks found in Northumberland Alley, which all belonged to the prisoner; and were put there by him.

Mary Baalam . I am the wife of the last witness; my husband, being in custody, sent me to the prisoner for some money; he gave me a guinea, then he said two half guineas would be more convenient, and gave me two, one was a bad one.

Rebecca Thomas . I know Baalam; he met me at a public house; he asked me to recommend him to a customer to assist him in the disposal of stolen goods; I directly mentioned the prisoner at the bar; he enquired after one Fise; there was no conversation about recommending the prisoner, but only about Fise: I knew the prisoner by his selling greens with a jack-ass; the green-stall in Duke's-Place belongs to the mother of the prisoner.

Q. Did he desire you to recommend him to a customer, and that you should have a guinea or so?

Thomas. No

Prisoner's Defence.

I am innocent; I know no more what they have talked about than the child just born.

For the prisoner.

Thomas Alsar . I am a button-maker in Clerkenwell; I have known the prisoner two years; his employment is to carry brokers goods in a horse and cart: I know his father; he has a good character; I never knew any harm of him.

Jacob Aaron . I have known him fell greens; his mother keeps a green-stall in Duke's-Place ; he has bore a good character; I know no harm of him.

Joseph Lyons . The prisoner carries about greens.

Q. to Aaron. What is the prisoner's name?

Aaron. I know him by the name of Abraham; I do not know him by the nick-name Levy talked of, that he was more commonly called by; his father is called Abraham the green man, because he sold greens: I never knew any harm of him.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-69
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty; Guilty; Guilty; Guilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation; Transportation; Transportation

Related Material

173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, (M.) JANE ROBINSON , WILLIAM DICKENSON , SAMUEL DIZZEY , DANIEL LAREMORE , JAMES GARTH , ELIZABETH NORBURY , and ESTHER SMITH , were indicted, the four first for stealing one pair of plated spurs, value 2 s. eight linen shirts, value 40 s. a pair of Japan snuffers, value 6 d. a powder horn, value 6 d. a cane, value 3 s. two silver table spoons, value 8 s. five silver teaspoons, value 3 s. a silk waistcoat, value 3 s. four pair of silver sugar-tongs, value 2 s. a pair of linen sheets, value 4 s. a china pot, value 6 d. a china pint bason, value 6 d. two china saucers,

value 1 s. a china milk pot, value 3 d. six drinking glasses, value 1 s. a swing looking glass, value 2 s. a linen table cloth, value 1 s. two tin cannisters, value 1 d. three linen towels, value 6 d. a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. two china punch bowls, value 3 s. a cutlass mounted with silver, value 5 s. the property of John Stone , Esq ; one silk gown, value 24 s. a pair of plated buckles, value 3 s. a pearl necklace, value 3 s. a pair of steel buckles, value 2 s. aworked ruffle, value 1 s. a muff, value 3 s. a black silk cloak, value 11 s. a pair of muslin ruffles, value 5 s. a white dimity petticoat, value 3 s. a piece of flannel, value 1 s. a silk purse, value 6 d. a nankeen riding habit, value 10 s. a woman's beaver hat, value 2 s. the property of Ann Brown spinster . JAMES GARTH for receiving five small silver tea-spoons, two silver table spoons, one pair of silver tea-tongs, a cutlass mounted with silver, two china punch bowls, three linen shirts, part of the above goods, knowing them to have been stolen, against the statute. ELIZABETH NORBURY , for receiving a silk gown, a nankeen riding habit, and a womans beaver hat, being part of the above goods, knowing them to have been stolen against the statute. ESTHER SMITH , for receiving a muff, being part of the above goods, knowing it to have been stolen, against the statute , Jan. 22d . ||

John Stone , Esq; About three weeks or a month ago I was out of town; I have a house in Naked Boy Court in the Strand . During the time I was out of town, but what particular time I cannot tell, my house was robbed: I had left no one in the house, so I cannot give any account how it was done; for it was a considerable time after before I came to town and missed my things; the sash of the window was wrenched open; I apprehend they came in that way: the things were in the house when I went out of town; ( a waistcoat, two table spoons, five tea spoons, and some sugar tongs produced by Barnard Barnard ) I believe they are mine, I had such; I am more sure as to the sugar tongs than the other things that they are mine.

Barnard Barnard . I had these things of one of the accomplices; I was from home once or twice when they came; I saw them there when I came home. Garth asked 8 s. for the waistcoat; I understood him that he bought it for 6 s. he asked me 5 s. or 5 s. 6 d. an ounce for the plate; I agreed to give him 4 s. 6 d. I did not pay them, for I pretended I had no scales; suspecting the things were stole I went to Sir John Fielding 's, and the men came there and took two of the prisoners.

Mr. Stone. The handkerchief, the cane, and the spoons, were in the parlour, and two punch bowls.

Blanchard Clarke. (produces the two punch bowls, three shirts, a silk neckcloth, and a hanger) I found these things in Garth's Lodgings.

William Halliburton . I took the powder flask out of Dizzey's pocket; the snuffers were in Elizabeth Norbury 's, the necklace in Jane Robinson 's; I took Dickinson, Dizzey, and Laremore together: I took the cane away, I think, from Laremore, but I am not certain: I took the two women in Shire Lane.

Blanchard Clarke. I had been there before and could not find them there, but they were expected to come there again; I took a worked man's ruffle out of Jane Robinson 's pocket; these two women were up two pair of stairs in a house in Shire Lane; they were not there when Halliburton came, but came there afterward.

William Taylor . (produces a pair of sheets and two tea-pots) I had them in a room up two pair of stairs forward in Shire Lane; I and Clark were there before Halliburton: the room belonged to Jane Robinson and Elizabeth Norbury ; Elizabeth Norbury told me where the sheets were, and likewise a table cloth, that they were gone to be washed; I went to the washerwoman's, and there they were found. I found there a silk cloak, two cannisters, and a pair of silk shoe patterns worked with gold; there was likewise a pair of double ruffles, three towels, and some shirts. I took one of the shirts off John Walker the witness's back; and all these things ( producing them) were in this room.

Mr. Stone. I cannot speak positively to the shirts; mine were marked, these are not; I don't see any place where the marks have been picked out.

Thomas Jordain . I keep the Red Lion in Charles-street Long Acre; Jane Robinson and John Walker took lodgings of me; Walker then went by the name of Robinson, and they past as husband and wife; they took a room of me about five weeks since, but I turned them out the 25th January; in their lodgings were found a pair of spurs and a lanthorn, (producing them) the lodging was in a house that belonged to me opposite my dwelling house.

Mr. Stone . I had such a lanthorn; I believe it to be mine, I cannot be positive.

Matthew Fox . I am son-in-law to Mr. Jordain;

I found the spurs and lanthorn in Robinson and Walker's lodging.

John Clark . I found a muss in the room where the three men were taken.

Hector Essex . I am a pawn-broker: I have a gown which I received of Elizabeth Norbury and Jane Robinson : Jane Robinson pawned it in the name of Mary Wright for 1 l. 4 s.

Thomas Brown . I am a pawnbroker: I took in the riding habit, the hat, and some silk, of Elizabeth Norbury and Jane Robinson ; they both came together: I had seen Jane Robinson before, but Elizabeth Norbury pawned the things in the name of Mary Jones , and Miss Green; she said she lived with Miss Green, and these were some of her things.

Robert Blair . I know Dizzey and Dickinson very well; Dizzey is a jeweller, and Dickenson is a printer: I have been five years with Mr. Adam in Durham-yard, the great builder; I lived with him as an apprentice in the capacity of a plumber; I was not present at the time of the robbery myself, that was on Saturday night about six weeks since; I was not there. On the Sunday night Daniel Laremore went with me to Mr. Stone's house; we had a key that opened the latch of the door; the lock was undone before, I apprehend, on Saturday night: we went up one pair of stairs; there we got a pair of sheets, two shirts, a riding habit, a man's hat, two large china bowls, a large china tea-pot, a muff, a coat, and a powder-horn; we took them to the room where the three men and Walker lodged in Long-Acre; we went a second time on Sunday night; then Dizzey went with us; I do not know whether these things particularly mentioned were taken the first time or the second time; Laremore came home that night, and lay with me in Chancery Lane , in White's Alley, at Dr. Scot's; my mother takes care of his house. On Monday Laremore went to this room ; I went after him; Laremore had the waistcoat, two table spoons and six tea spoons, and he sent them to Garth's; two punch bowls were likewise at Garth's, and the hanger; there we found some rings and a gold watch and chain put into a check case ; we took them to Long Acre, and Garth told us that he knew a Jew that lived in some square, I do not exactly recollect the name, that would buy them; Garth and I went there; he was not at home the first time ; we went a second time, and then we were bid to come again in the dusk; Laremore and I went to Garth's, and Garth and I went to the room in Long Acre; we met Laremore and Walker there; Jane Robinson , Norbury, and Smith, carried the bowls and the hanger to Garth; we were to meet at the Elephant and Castle after we came from the Jew's; James Garth went to the Jew's at dusk; we had the waistcoat, the spoons, the tea tongs, the watch and chain, but did not offer them to sale; we offered the waistcoat, we asked 8 s. for it, he bid us 6 s. we would not let him have it; afterwards he gave us 8 s. we asked 5 s. 9 d. an ounce for the silver; the Jew proposed 4 s. 6 d. we did not shew the watch and chain to the Jew; he asked for silver and when we produced it he said he wanted scales; he went with a pretence to fetch scales; staying a great while we suspected he was gone upon no good respecting us; we went therefore and found the watch, chain, and silver things in the dunghill; there was not the breadth of my hand distance between them: when we had done that the man came from Sir John Fielding 's and searched us, and found nothing but the waistcoat; Garth said he had bought the waistcoat of a man in the street but did not know his name; the dunghill where we hid the things was opposite the Jew's room. Dizzey and Laremore waited near the church, about three hundred yards distance from the Jew's house.

John Walker . William Dickenson and Samuel Dizzey and myself met on the Saturday evening; we went to a public house and drank there till between twelve and one, then we came home to Charles-street in Long Acre; I saw Elizabeth Norbury and Esther Smith ; I asked them where Jane Robinson and Laremore were gone, and they seemed dubious of telling me; upon which I said I was sure they were gone to Mr. Stone's, for there had been conversation before about Mr Stone's; Jane Robinson had told me of it; they attempted to get in a day or two before but could not, but thinking that Jane Robinson and Laremore were there we went down and saw a light; I knocked at the door: Jane Robinson came and enquired who was there, upon which I said it was I; then she asked me to explain myself; at last I said Jack; upon which we were admitted; as soon as I came in I saw a bundle of things by the fire place; I asked how they got in; Jane Robinson told me they got in by the window, which was broke open, or wrenched open, with a chissel , in this

bundle there was a silk gown, some dirty shirts, a table cloth, and some new cloth; Daniel Laremore pulled the shirts out of his pocket, and a pair of paste buckles and knee buckles; there were some ear-rings too, and some small rings; there were six tea spoons, tea tongs, and two table spoons; the small rings were paste; there was likewise a gold watch and chain, a riding habit, a black silk cloak, a white dimity petticoat, a gold band and hat, a button and loop for a hat, some china cups and saucers, a bead necklace, and a silk neckcloth or two. Dickenson was going up stairs, but Robinson and Laremore said he need not go up, for they had been up stairs already. Robert Blair and Samuel Dizzey went a second night, but I was not there; there was a man's hat and a woman's habit hat, a looking glass, a coat, a pair of shoes, and a table cloth were brought to our lodgings: there were seven of us lay together that night, four men and the three women at the bar. Dickenson and Dizzey had a room one night in the Fleet-market; the landlord came up on Monday, and said he did not like our going on; that was the second night after the robbery: then Garth said, let us move some of the things, for the landlord will get a search warrant; upon which they took the two punch bowls and the hanger to Garth's lodgings; and Garth had the tea spoons and the other spoons and the silver; and Blair and Garth went to the Jew's to sell them; the riding habit was pawned by Elizabeth Norbury and Jane Robinson ; they went to pawn the sheets, but they would not take them in being dirty; on which they went to get them washed, and they were left at the washerwoman's; and they pawned the silk gown.

Garth's Defence.

I am a breeches maker. Blair asked me to take a walk with him; I did do so; we went to the Jew's; there were some silver things carried; I know nothing of the matter, for Blair had them and produced them; I was ignorant of the whole affair.

Norbury's Defence.

I know nothing at all about it; I am quite innocent.

Smith's Defence.

I know nothing about it; I am innocent of it.

For Dizzey .

John Clinton . I am a jeweller; Dizzey was apprentice to me; I had a handsome premium with him; he behaved very well , very honest: I have often trusted him with money to the amount of 100 l. and not a fortnight before he was charged with this I had trusted him with 60 l. he was always in the shop; he had opportunities of taking gold and silver and diamonds, but he never did: was I satisfied that his morals were not corrupted by the sad place he has been in lately, I would take him again if he was discharged.

John Tonson , Esq; I have known him ten years; I know his father and mother; he was a very dutiful child as I understood; I never heard any harm of him till this; I cannot help thinking that if he is guilty of this he must have been intoxicated and drawn into it; I cannot think he could be capable in his senses of doing such an act.

George Garrick , Esq; I have known him five years; he used to come to my house often; I admitted him into the parlour; I looked upon him to be a diligent lad, and had no scruple to think him a proper companion for my children; he is about fourteen years old.

Mr. Asbridge. I have known him from his birth; I looked upon him to be one of the best of boys; I have trusted him with money and goods.

For Robinson.

- Dodd. I have known her four years: her father was a smith, and lived in good credit; his widow now lives in great credit: I looked upon the girl to be a sober girl; she has been in my house months together.

- Creamer. I have known her five years; I have often trusted her; she had a very good character, and I would now take her again.

Richard Frazier . I am a taylor; I have known her some time; she has a very good character.

John Farewell . I have known her nine or ten years; she is an honest girl.

James Ould . I always understood she had a good character.

George Blunt . I have known her ever since she was born; she has a very good character.

- Blow. I have known her from her birth; I always thought her an honest sober girl.

For Dickenson.

- Wilkinson. I am a printer: Dickenson was apprentice to me; he behaved extremely well; he had a very good character, and was extremely useful; he acted so politely and civilly to all the customers , that they all spoke of him with very great commendation. I was in the country for four months together, on account of my illness, and he had the principal management of my business, and behaved vastly well to the customers; he had not been absent but about six days during the time of this unfortunate accident.

- Nowell. I have known him five years, he always behaved well, and had a good character.

For Laremore.

- Madden. I have known him from his infancy; he was an honest sober lad.

John Prior . I live at Uxbridge ; I have known his father and him three or four years; he had always a good character.

For Smith.

Richard Bream . Smith lodged with me three years together; she always had a good character.

Susannah Smith . She lodged with me half a year; she has a very good character; her mother goes out to nurse people in their illness, or lying-in, and she has an extraordinary character.

For Garth.

- Powell. I have known him some time, but his brother is more particularly my acquaintance; he had that opinion of him that he set him up in his business.

For Norbury.

Thomas Nowell . I have known her four or five years; I thought her a diligent honest girl; I never heard of any reflection upon her.

- Norbury. I am her father; she never offended me before in her life; I wonder how she could be so deluded.

DICKENSON, Acquitted .

DIZZEY, Acquitted .

SMITH, Acquitted .

LAREMORE, Guilty T .

ROBINSON, Guilty . T 14 .

GARTH, Guilty T 14 .

NORBURY, Guilty T 14 .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-70
VerdictsNot Guilty

Related Material

180, 181. (L.) WILLIAM OWEN and WILLIAM MOORE were indicted; the first for stealing 25 lb. of bohea tea, value 4 l. 17 s. 9 lb. of green tea, value 47 s. and a linen bag, value 6 d. the property of Henry Longden , Nov. 22d . And the other for receiving the above goods knowing them to have been stolen . ++

Both acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-71
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

182, 183. (L.) WILLIAM OWEN and JAMES BUGDEN were indicted; the first for stealing 24 lb. of bohea tea, value 4 l. 4 s. the property of James Longden , Dec. 2d ; the other for receiving the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen . ++

James Longden . I am keeper of the George inn ; I had the custody of the tea and was answerable for it; the prisoner was a servant of mine at the time it was lost.

Samuel Spencer . I directed my servant, John Rhodes , to carry 24 lb. of bohea tea to the George inn.

John Rhodes . I did carry such a kind of package, and delivered it to Giles, the bookkeeper of the inn.

Richard Weston . The prisoner being in custody owned having taken several parcels at different times, but particularly this 24 lb. he sa id he took it out of the George inn yard.

Thomas Compton . I heard him confess that he took it out of the George yard.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never made any confession.

OWEN, Guilty . T .

BUGDEN, acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-72
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

184. (L.), JOHN KIDWELL was indicted for stealing 18 lb. of beef, value 4 s. the property of George Tyler , Feb. 5 . ++

George Tyler . I am a butcher : I was informed the prisoner had taken some beef from my stand: I live in Leadenhall market .

Catherine How . I saw the prisoner take a piece of beef from Mr. Tyler's stall; he was pursued and taken.

The prisoner called three or four witnesses to his character who seemed to know but little of him.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-73
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

185 . (L.) THOMAS ELMER was indicted for stealing 14 lb. of pimento, value 7 s. the property of persons unknown, Feb. 6 . ++

Robert Warrener . I am a king's officer at Fresh Wharf ; I saw the prisoner coming out of a lighter; I perceived he dropped some pimento; I called upon the other witness to take him into custody; I searched him and found the pimento.

Jeremiah Watson . He was examined, and the pimento found in his pocket.

Prisoner's Defence.

It was given me by the captain's servant.

For the prisoner.

Mrs. Cricket. He has always bore a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-74

Related Material

186. (L.) HANNAH BROWN , otherwise SCOTT , was indicted for stealing a stuff gown, value 2 s. a flannel petticoat, value 1 s . a pair of stays, value 2 s . two linen aprons, value 4 s. a sattin hat, value 6 d. a flat iron, value 6 d. and a linen cloth, value 6 d. the property of Sarah Wheeler , widow , Dec . 24. ++

Sarah Wheeler . I lost the goods mentioned in the indictment the day before Christmas-day, out of my room; they were there when I went out; I missed them all when I came home: the prisoner had half my bed; I left her in the house when I went out; she was gone when I came back; I never saw her again till she was taken.

- Fox. I am servant to a pawnbroker; the prisoner pawned all these things with me in the name of Hannah Scott . (The different articles produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I lodged at this gentlewoman's house; I worked for her; I did as much as amounted to six shillings; I asked her for the money; she would not give it me; I pawned the things for six shillings to pay myself; she gave me leave to pawn them.

Wheeler. I never did.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-75
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

187. (2d M.) JANE SMITH was indicted for stealing one check apron, value 6 d. one pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. and two linen caps, value 1 s. the property of William Hope , and twenty shillings in money, numbered , the property of Richard Jones , Nov. 25th . ++

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-76
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

188. (M.) EDWARD SUTTON was indicted for stealing a cart, value 5 l. the property of Henry Brandon , Jan. 1st . ++

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-77
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

189. (M.) ALEXANDER LE CLEREG , otherwise CLEREG , was indicted for stealing one silver pint mug, value 30 s. the property of Thomas Patton , Feb. 13th . ++

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-78

Related Material

190. (M.) ANN JONES was indicted for stealing a feather-bed, value 6 s. a bolster, value 18 d . a pillow, value 10 d. a pillow bier, value 4 d. a quilt, value 2 s. a blanket, value 6 d. a pair of linen sheets, value 2 s. a looking glass, value 3 s. and a flat iron, value 6 d. the property of John Cooke , being in a certain lodging room let to her by the said John , Feb 7th . ++

Mary Cooke . I am wife of John Cooke : I let the prisoner a bed room, ready furnished, at half a crown a week; the things mentioned in the indictment were lost out of the room. She lodged nine or ten months with me; she confessed she pledged them.

William Brown , a pawnbroker, produced the goods, which he deposed he received of the prisoner. (They were deposed to by the prosecutor.)

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-79
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

191, 192. (M.) MATTHEW DOYER and ADAM RICHARDSON were indicted for stealing three bushels of coals, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of Richard Wood , William Wood , and James Richard Wood , Sept. 1st . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-80
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

193. (M.) ROBERT ROBINSON was indicted for stealing one carcase of a sheep, value 10 s. the property of William Marnham , Jan. 24th . ||

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-81
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

194, 195. (M.) ANN KELLY and MARY JONES were indicted for stealing three yards of Bath beaver cloth, value 20 s. a yard of shaloon , value 2 s. a yard of cotton linen, value 18 d. half a yard of buckram, value 6 d. a pair of leather shoes, value 2 s. and one hat, value 3 s. the property of David Clevland , Feb. 7 . ||

Both acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-82
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

196. (M.) JAMES PARRET was indicted for stealing four ewe sheep, value 4 l. the property of John Reed , Jan. 31st .

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-83
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

197. (M.) HENRY DORMAN was indicted for receiving 400 lb. wt. of lead, value 40 s. the property of John Peart , knowing it to have been stolen by William Smith , who was convicted this present sessions , Feb. 11th . +

Acquitted .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-84
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

198. (L.) WILLIAM WILLOUGHBY was indicted for that he, not having the fear of God before his eyes, did make an assault upon Samuel Thomas , with an intent to maim and disfigure him, and with a knife of iron and steel, value 1 d. did disable the sore finger of the left hand of the said Samuel .

Acquitted .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-85
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

199. (L.) SAMUEL WAKIN was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of John Backhouse , Feb. 18th . ++

John Backhouse . On Friday last the 18th of this month, I lost a handkerchief out of my pocket; the prisoner was taken with it.

William Payne . Last Tuesday going down Cheapside about the time the Lord Mayor came out of Bow church, as the prosecutor was standing to see him come out, I saw the prisoner take his handkerchief out of his pocket and put it in his breeches; I laid hold of him and took it out of his breeches.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did it for want. I could get neither victuals nor work.

Guilty . B .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-86

Related Material

200. (L.) ANN FURRIER was indicted for stealing a silver pint mug, value 3 l. the property of George Rugeley , Jan. 14th . ++

Ann Tomlinson . I live with George Rugeley an inn keeper ; I put the pint mug on the bar, and in about a quarter of an hour I missed it; I never saw the prisoner to my knowledge till she was committed, then I heard her say she came in for a pennyworth of beer and took the mug from the bar.

William James Borroughs . I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner brought the mug to me on Monday night; she said it belonged to a young man that did not choose to come himself; she went away and brought a young man; I thought he did not appear to be the owner of it, and desired him to bring somebody to his character; while he was gone I saw the mug advertized.

Michael Wood . I am a constable: I took the prisoner into custody; she said first that a man gave it her, but before the magistrate she said she had a penny worth of purl in the house, and took it from the bar.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence, but called one witness who gave her a good character .

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-87
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

201. (L.) HENRY KEYS was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 4 s. the property of Walter Ferguson , Jan. 24 ++

Walter Ferguson deposed, that he sent a parcel from Scotland, by the carrier to London, in which he himself put the handkerchiefs mentioned in the indictment.

John Jones deposed, that Mr. Ferguson's parcel was stole from the White Horse inn, and many of the goods were found in Duke's Place, of which they took an inventory; that after that, himself and the prisoner were left in the coach to take care of the goods; that he had occasion to get out of the coach; that while he was out of the coach, he saw the prisoner take a handkerchief out of one of the

bags; that when they got to the Brown Bear in Bow-street, the goods were again looked over, and there was a silk handkerchief missing; that then the witness charged the prisoner with having stole the handkerchief, and insisted upon his being searched; that then the prisoner took the handkerchief out of his pocket and threw it under the table. (The handkerchief was produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

William Wortall deposed, that he saw the prisoner, upon being charged with stealing the handkerchief, take it out of his pocket and throw it under the table.

Another witness deposed to the same fact.

The prisoner, in his defence, called William Dennis , William Packer , John Duncastle , Michael Wood , William Pain , Thomas Bull , and Thomas Witbers , who all gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-88
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

202. (L.) WILLIAM LANE was indicted for stealing a brass watch frame, value 1 s. a brass cock of a watch, value 1 s. a brass watch slide, value 1 s. the property of William Brown , February 10th . ++

Samuel Morris . I am sixteen years old: I am apprentice to Mr. William Brown , who is a watch gilder . I was sent on an errand with the things mentioned in the indictment; they were in a box; the box was taken out of my pocket while I stood to hear a girl sing.

Thomas Gibbons . I saw the prisoner take the box out of Morris's pocket.

Michael Wood confirmed this evidence.

The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-89

Related Material

203. (L.) JAMES WATSON , otherwise DUNNY JEMMY , was indicted for stealing four cheeses, weighing 28 lb. value 10 s. the property of Thomas Carpenter , Feb. 14 . ++

An interpreter was sworn, who interpreted by signs.

Ann Carpenter , the wife of the prosecutor, deposed, that four cheeses were stole out of a shop at St. Mary Hill, belonging to her husband, in the night of the 14th of February.

George Wade deposed, that he stopt the prisoner between one and two o'clock in the morning, of the 15th of February, with four cheeses. (They were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix ).

The prisoner, in his defence, signifyed that the cheeses were given to him.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-90

Related Material

204. (L.) DANIEL DAVIDS was indicted for stealing twelve straw hats, value 8 s. the property of John Keene , Jan. 21st .

The prosecutor's servant deposed, that while they were loading some goods, a parcel containing twelve straw hats was taken away.

Another of the prosecutor's servants deposed, that being informed that the prisoner had taken the hats, he searched him, and found the hats under his jacket.

Another witness confirmed this evidence.

The prisoner said, in his defence, that a sailor gave him the hats to carry for him to Tower-hill, for which he was to receive sixpence.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-91
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

205. (L.) ANN WOODWARD was indicted for stealing four pewter dishes, value 7 s. eighteen pewter plates, value 10 s. and two linen tablecloths, value 3 s. the property of Ann Wills , Jan. 6th .

The prosecutrix deposed, that she lost the things mentioned in the indictment.

Halliday, a pawnbroker, deposed, that they were pledged with him by the prisoner.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence, but begged the mercy of the Court; she being far gone with child, and her husband in prison for debt.

Guilty of stealing to the value of 10 d. W .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-92

Related Material

206. 207. (L.) JEREMIAH POWELL and WILLIAM RUSSEL were indicted for stealing twenty four bars of iron, value 6 l. the property of Andrew Landwin , Esq ; Jan. 19th . +

James Higgs . On the 19th of January, in the morning, I went down to the water side; I saw Russel stand on the south-side, and Powell rowing a boat from the north-shore to the south; my brother, who was with me, thought they were smugglers, and asked me if I had any skulls, and said if I had there was a chance for me; as I am a custom-house officer. I went into a boat and overtook Powell; when I came along side I saw it was iron; Powell rowed the boat on shore; I followed him, and found Russel

walking to and fro by a blacksmith's window. I asked him who the iron belonged to; he equivocated; I said it looked as if it was run, and if it was I would seize it for the king and myself; he said it was not worth my while to seize such a piece of iron as that: then he said it belonged to a mate of a ship, and then to John Jones a blacksmith; the smith got up, and said it was not his; then I asked for a piece of chalk and said I would put a broad arrow upon the boat, for I believed the iron was run or stole: then Russel went down and stept into the boat, and was going to push it off; I took him by the collar, pulled him out of the boat, and brought him up to an ale-house, and there was Powell. Powell rowed the boat over and went into the ale-house; when the boat was rowed on shore I was about a hundred yards from it; I pursued them directly; when I came on shore they were neither of them in the boat: I left my brother to take care of the boat while I went on shore after them; I secured Russel; the other ran down, put the boat off, and threw the iron over-board; my brother, seeing him throw it over, got a boat, and rowed after him, and brought him back; I gave the constable charge of both of them. I asked him why he threw the iron over-board; he said I might be d - d, the iron in the water could tell no tales. They were carried to the round-house, and my brother and I went to search for the iron, and took up five bars.

William Higgs , brother to the last witness, confirmed this evidence.

John Jones , a blacksmith, deposed, that Russel came to him in the morning and asked him if he wanted any iron; that he was going to look at it, but found it in the custody of Mr. Higgs.

- Hays, the constable, deposed, that he had charge of the prisoners. (The iron produced)

Mr. Blackbeard deposed, that the iron was the property of Mr. Landwin.

The prisoners said nothing in their defence.

Both guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-93

Related Material

208. (2d. M.) GUIDO BLISSET was indicted for stealing 37 yards of black silk lustring, value 8 l. the property of James Vansommer and Peter Paul , Feb. 28 .

Peter Paul , who is in partnership with James Vansommer , deposed,

"that the prisoner

"was a servant to them, and was employed

"to serve in a shop belonging to them

"in Chandois-street , where he was to sell

"goods for ready money only, and was to give

"credit to none but their known customers;

"that when they took an account of their stock

"at that shop on the 1st of August, 1773,

"they discovered a great quantity of goods to

"be missing; and that the silk mentioned in

"the indictment was entered by the prisoner

"in their books, as sold upon credit to Mrs.

"Hunt in Charles-street, Berkley square , on

"the 16th of July, 1772; that the prisoner

"was taken before Sir John Fielding , when he

"acknowledged that the silk was not sold to

"a Mrs. Hunt, and confessed that he did not

"know any such person, but that he delivered

"the silk, in discharge of a debt, to two daughters

"of a Dr. Ryan.

William Russell , who has the conduct of the shop in Chandois-street , confirmed Mr. Paul's evidence, and added,

"that the prisoner acknowledged

"to him that the sale of the

"silk to Dr. Ryan was on the 12th of February,

"1772, and that they did not discover

"that the entry of the silk in their books to

"Mrs. Hunt was fictitious till last January ."

The prisoner in his defence called six witnesses who gave him a very good character.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-94
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

209. (L.) WILLIAM HURLEY was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Gregory Gearing , on the 16th of January , about the hour of six in the night of the same day, and stealing one silver pepper box, value 5 s. three silver tea spoons, value 6 s . two silver salt spoons, value 2 s. one silver snuff box set with mother of pearl, and a shell, value 5 s. one silver snuff box with a picture set in the lid, value 5 s. two gold rings, value 10 s. one gold ring set with a stone, and two diamond sparks, value 5 s. one pair of candlesticks plated with silver, value 5 s. one pair of silver knee buckles set with stones, value 3 s. a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 3 s. six linen shirts, value 30 s. one leather pocket book, value 2 s. one cloth coat, value 10 s. one pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. one crown, six silver threepences, four silver four-pences, four silver twopences, and two silver pennies, the property of the said Gregory. One silver snuff box, value 20 s. one silver cork screw, value 10 s. twenty-six linen shirts, value 26 l. four pair of laced ruffles value 30 l. four linen handkerchiefs, value 20 s.

one gold ring, value 10 s. three silver tea spoons, value 5 s. and sixty-four guineas, the property of Ernst De Hahn . One silver tankard, value 6 l. one pair of silver candlesticks, value 8 l. four silver table spoons, value 40 s. one silver milk pot, value 5 s. two silver waiters , value 40 s. one silver soup ladle, value 20 s. three silver tea spoons, value 5 s. one silver pepper box, value 10 s. and one silver salt spoon, value 2 s. the property of Samuel Lloyd , Esq . in the said dwelling house .

2d Count, for stealing the above goods in the dwelling house, but not burglariously breaking and entering.

Mr. Gearing deposed,

"that he is an attorney,

"and has a house in Chapel-court, behind

"the 'Change; that the prisoner was a

"menial servant to him for about two years

"down to the time the present fact was committed,

"and wrote occasionally; that he went

"his country house on a Saturday in January,

"leaving the prisoner and his servant Ann

"Clayton in care of the house; that he had

"intelligence in the country that his house

"had been robbed, in consequence of which

"he came to town on Sunday night; that he

"found his doors sealed up by some neighbouring

"gentlemen; upon opening the doors he

"observed in his own office his writing desk

"broke open, and some ancient coins and medals

"taken away; the drawers were turned out

"and the papers in great confusion; two boxes

"which contained papers and things of value,

"and some shirts out of his wardrobe; that in

"a back parlour the witness found a cupboard

"in a pannel of the wainscoat broke

"open and some plate taken out; that he

"found the prisoner in the house with his face

"blacked and much disfigured, who gave him

"the following account: that a man knocked

"at the door and enquired for Mr. Lloyd who

"lodged in the house, and said he had a message

"for him; that the prisoner let him into

"the house and offered him the slate to write

"his message upon, instead of which the

"man presented a pistol to his head and

"told him if he said a word, or made any

"disturbance, he would blow his brains out;

"that he then took him (the prisoner) by the

"collar, pushed him down stairs, ti ed him hand

"and foot, and thrust him into the coal

"hole; that upon consideration many circumstances

"led him to suspect the prisoner; that

"he asked the prisoner to let him fetch

"that there he found two pa one articles

"of clerkship of the prisoner to an

"attorney for five years, dated the 8th of

"July, 1773; the other was a lease granted to

" James Hayward a smith and stove-grate

"maker, an accomplice in this fact, which for

"the consideration of 12 l. was assigned over

"to the prisoner; he was informed that this

"Hayward had often been at his house to see one

" Ann Morris , who had formerly lived servant

"with the witness, but had been dismissed some

"time, between whom and the prisoner the prosecutor

"had suspected there was an improper

"connexion; that the prisoner after having

"several times refused it, did at last take the

"witness to a house in Allen-street near Hicks's

"Hall, where he got intelligence that this Ann

"Morris lodged at the house of Hayward in

"Long-alley, Moorfields; that the witness

"went with a constable to search the lodgings;

"that there, in the presence of this Ann Morris ,

"he found his pepper box and some other things

"in a drawer." (They were produced in Court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Ann Clayton , the prosecutor's servant, deposed,

"that she went out and left the prisoner in care

"of the house the day the house was robbed.

"between three and four in the afternoon, and

"did not return till half after seven; that she

"found the house had been robbed, and saw the

"prisoner in the coal hole tied hand and foot."

Richard Fowkes , who keeps the White Swan, a public house in Long-alley, deposed,


" Ann Morris and the prisoner lived together

"as man and wife, at Hayward's , and that

"after having read in the newspapers an

"account of the robbery at Mr. Gearing's

"(which he did not know was the prisoner's

"master) he had some conversation with the

"prisoner respecting it, and the prisoner seemed

"to have heard nothing of such a robbery."

Sarah Fowkes , wife to the last witness, confirmed his evidence.

Joseph Wood , the constable, who searched the prisoner's lodgings, produced eleven shirts, four table spoons, two pepper boxes, four tea spoons and three salt spoons, which were deposed to by Mr. Gearing.

Mr. Samuel Lloyd deposed,

"that he had a

"first floor at Mr. Gearing's; that he was out

"of town at the time Mr. Gearing's house was

"robbed; that when he came to town he found

" his chamber door broke open, and he missed

"many things as mentioned in the indictment.

"He deposed that the four table spoons produced

"were his property."

Mr. Duane deposed,

"that he had a compting

"house and a bed chamber at Mr. Gearing's;

"that they were broke open, and he

"missed the things mentioned in the indictment." This witness produced some shirts , which he deposed were his property; his mark was partly taken out of them, and in its stead, the name William Hurley at full length, was stamped upon them in red. He also produced the materials for marking, and some red, which were found in the prisoner's lodging.

Henry Townly , Mr. Lloyd's servant, deposed to the spoons produced being his master's property; he added

"that he went to see the

"prisoner in prison; that he there told the witness

"that it was at the instigation of Hayward

"that he committed the fact."

Moses Lyon , who lives in New Prison, and attends at Sir John Fielding's office, deposed,

"that he attended the prisoner several times

"when he was brought up for examination,

"and that the prisoner confessed to him, that

"he (the prisoner) and Hayward robbed Mr.

"Gearing's house; that Hayward carried

"away the plate from Mr. Gearing's; that they

"gave one Hurley, who was capitally convicted

"some few sessions ago, a guinea to find

"out a Jew who would buy the plate. He said

"he believed Mr. Bennet heard the prisoner's


Thomas Bennet deposed

"that he went to

"talk with the prisoner in gaol, but did not

"hear the prisoner's confession as deposed to by

"Lyon, but said he was not present all the

"time Lyon was with the prisoner."

Edward Proffit deposed

"that he is a smith,

"and worked for Hayward; that he saw

"Hurley and two Jews at Hayward's house ,

"and that Hayward had a large lump of silver,

"which was the produce of some plate he had


James Hayward , the accomplice, deposed,

"that Ann Morris lodged at his house; that

"she passed for the wife of the prisoner, and

"went by his name; that the prisoner used to

"sleep with her there about two nights in a week;

"that the prisoner and himself agreed to rob

"Mr. Gearing's house; that the witness made

"a chissel for the purpose; that he went on

"the Sunday evening at about six o'clock;

"that he was let in by the prisoner; that some

"of the doors the prisoner had the key of, that

"others they broke open, and that they took

"the different articles mentioned in the indictment,

"to each of which he spoke particularly

"that the prisoner and himself put the

"things into two bags, and the witness took

"them to his house in Long-alley; that about

"a fortnight afterwards the prisoner and he

"melted the plate, which they sold to one

"Liepe Levi, a Jew, who is in custody. He

"said that he tied the prisoner at his (the prisoner's)

"request and put him in the coal hole."

Mr. William Bucknell and Mr. Hendy, two neighbours of Mr. Gearing's, deposed


"hearing that Mr. Gearing's house had been

"robbed, they went there, and found the

"doors, &c. broke open, and the things in

"the greatest confusion."

Frances Spriggs deposed,

"that she received

"some rings of Ann Morris , who passed for

"the prisoner's wife, which rings she delivered

"to her uncle Thomas Morris ."

Daniel Thorn produced some rings, which he had from Thomas Morris . Frances Spriggs looked at the rings, and declared that they were the same she received from Ann Morris . Some of the rings were deposed to by Mr. Gearing as his property.

The prisoner, in his defence, did not deny the charge, but said

"that Hayward had

"many times endeavoured to persuade him to

"rob his master, but he had always refused to

"to do, but that Hayward came to him that

"Sunday, and would oblige him to submit to

"the robbery, notwithstanding he remonstrated

"very strongly with Hayward to the contrary."

Not guilty of the burglary, but guilty of stealing the goods in the dwelling house . Death .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-95

Related Material

209. (L.) JAMES PRICE was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury in an affidavit sworn before the signer of bills for Middlesex, charging Philip Bristow , with a deb in order to hold him to bail . ++

(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the defendant.)

Mr. William Marshall . I sign the bills for Middlesex; this affidavit (producing it) was sworn before me by Price the defendant.

Mr. Allingham. I have seen the defendant write a hundred times I suppose; (the affidavit shown him); that is his writing. (The affidavit read).

Mr. Frith produced the process from the sheriff of Middlesex's office.

Edward Dainton produced a copy (which was read) of the non-pross, examined by the record at the Nift Prins office.

Philip Bristow . The prisoner never had any dealings with me; I never contracted any debt with him for diet, lodging or any thing in my life; I never owed him any thing in my life; I have had him in my custody for picking pockets; Sir John Fielding has sent proper persons to suppress pickpockets at the play-house; I am one of Sir John's men .

Charles Flannagan . Price asked me to go to a public house to drink with him the night before the arrest, and he and several other young people were talking about one Mary Stevens going to Sir John Fielding 's and bringing people to prevent their getting money at the playhouse, and said they would stop her going there for the future, and were consulting how to do it; they proposed taking out a writ for 100 l. the prisoner and several of them besides said they would be a quarter of a guinea a piece towards it; they said they might as well pat four in the writ as one; they said it would not do to arrest Heley, for he could get bail; they would put farting Phill in; that is a nick name they give Bristow; they said he was a busy fellow and they would prevent him doing any thing more; they were to go and arrest Phill in the morning ; Price was taken up that morning for behaving disorderly at the play-house, and put in gaol.

John Clarke . I know the prisoner Price and Philip Bristow ; Bristow attends Sir John Fielding's office; he was arrested at the suit of James Price ; I do not know whether the defendant is the man; he arrested him and he was in great distress; Price was not present the next morning; he was brought before Sir John Fielding for picking pockets. On his examination I told Sir John he had arrested Bristow for 100 l. Sir John asked him what it was for; he told Sir John he knew what it was for; I was bail for him.

The defendant said nothing in his defence.

For the prisoner.

Mary Stevens . I was in the writ with Bristow; Bristow told me not to make myself uneasy, he would get me out and endeavour to prove Price perjured, and that he would clear the debts; I owed Price the money for clothes, and money lent; I told Bristow so; I often denied owing him any money when I was in custody, in hopes of getting out.

Q. Did you ever say you would swear any thing before the prisoner should be hurt?

Stevens . No.

Mr. Williams . When I went to give the last witness the subpoena , she would not take it; but said she would keep out of the way and not appear.

The prisoner said Allingham was sent to him in Newgate from Mr. Bristow to make a proposal to make it up.

Allingham and Bristow both denied it.

- Ryley the officer deposed, that before Sir John Fielding Stevens declared that she did not owe Price any thing.

Guilty . T .

16th February 1774
Reference Numbert17740216-96

Related Material

211, 212. (L.) THOMAS WRIGHT and THOMAS WATMORE were indicted for that they on the 25th of January did offer in payment to Isaac Dent , as a piece of good and lawful money and current coin of this realm, a piece of false and counterfeit money in the likeness and similitude of a guinea, well knowing it to be false and counterfeit; and that within ten days, to wit, on the 29th of January , they did offer to David Lewis another piece of false and counterfeit money, well knowing it to be false and counterfeit, against the statute . ++

Isaac Dent . I am a hatter in the Borough; the prisoners came to my shop on the 24th of January while I was at dinner; my brother went into the shop to serve them, and I followed him ; Wright wanted a hat; I fitted him with one; he ordered it to be bound with velvet, and they were to call for it in half an hour; it came to twelve shillings; Wright laid down a 10 l. bank note; I gave him nine guineas, a half guinea and a sixpence; I ordered my brother to weigh the gold; it was all good; Wright took it up; Watmore said he did not do right to change the note as he was going in the country, money was not so easy to carry as a note; Wright said he could not pay for the hat without change, the other said he would lend him money to pay for it; then Wright begged his note; again and told down the money; I supposed it was the money I had given him; I had some other gold in my pocket, five or six guineas, but I always weigh all I take; a gentleman came in to ask for change for a 20 l. note; I could not change it, but lent him ten guineas; he took it away and returned in a minute or two with two bad guineas; his name is James Wadham ; he is a linen-draper; then I suspected the prisoners were sharpers; I went to one of the keepers of the New Prison and got one of his men to go with me in search of them .

Q. Did you examine the guineas when they came back?

Dent. Yes; there were two bad guineas; I suppose they were not worth sixpence; I weighed them; they weighed about ten shillings; I went out with an endeavour to find them, but it was ineffectual; I wrote a note to Sir John Fielding 's, with a description of the persons, and the transaction, as a caution to others, which was advertized in the paper in a day or two.

James Wadham . I am a linen draper in the Borough; Mr. Dent lent me ten guineas; I cannot say what day it was; I began to weigh them to my customers; I put one of them in the scales with the guinea weight, it would not stir; I put in fix grains, it would not stir; I put in five shillings and three pence, it would not stir; I put in half a guinea, then it rather poised it; I put in a few grains more, and it went down; it was never out of my hands only in the scale till I carried it back.

David Lewis . I am a linen-draper in the Minories; on the 29th of January about four in the afternoon, the prisoners came into my shop for some handkerchiefs; they agreed for as many as came to ten shillings; Watmore gave me a 10 l. note to change; I gave him nine guineas, a half guinea and a sixpence; he drew the change very near him and said one of the guineas was light, and desired I would change it; Wright said do not change the note, I will lend you a guinea to pay for the goods; I thought there was a fraud meant; I took the money and looked at it, I saw three of the guineas were not the money I gave them; mine were all old ones; when I received them back there were three glaring ones; I jumped over the compter, fastened the door, and got a young lady that was in the shop to fetch a constable; they were searched and ten or twelve good guineas were found upon them.

The prisoners, in their defence, said, if they had changed the guineas, they should not have found fault with their guineas for fear of discovering it.

Both guilty . Imp. 1. Year .

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
16th February 1774
Reference Numbers17740216-1

Related Material

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give judgement as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 12.

William Ashford, William Hurley , James Wallis Thane , George Brown , Robert Anderson , Robert Rumball , Benjamin Godsrey , Dennis Doyle , Thomas Walsom , Thomas Ives , Richard Pitt , Ambrose Coutwell .

Transportation for fourteen years, 3.

Thomas Sampson , James Garth , Elizabeth Norbury .

Transportation for seven years, 56.

John Dodson , William Owens , Samuel Wakelin , Joshua Solomon , William Smith , Samuel Chapman , Mary Armstrong , Jane Jones , Elizabeth Simmonds , William Richmond , John Robinson , Mary Lewis , Elizabeth Stanford , Richard Gordon , Mary Dunn , John Wild , John William Pugh , Samuel Tibhalls , John Cooley , William Godfrey , William Moore , John Clark , John Warren , Mark Brown , Daniel Bean , James Burdell , Ann Barry , William Wheeler , John Morgan alias Thomas Morris , Frederick Lilleongreen , John Hurley , Jane Moore , William Flannagan , William Hall, Jane Robinson , Daniel Laremore , Elizabeth Gould , Mary Rice , Mary Hind , William Sell , Ann Jones , William Lane, William Leonard , William Hibbard , James Woodward , Joseph Thompson , Guido Blissed , John Gee , William Russell , Jeremiah Powell , Ann Furrier , James Watson , Daniel David , Hannah Brown alias Scott, Joseph Abrahams alias Solomons, James Price .

Whipped, 12.

Elizabeth Long , John Kidwell , Thomas Elmer , Ralph Leman , John Powell , Mary Dunn, James Farrer, Mary Gorton , Ann Welch , William Lane, Ann Woodward , Henry Keys .

Branded 6.

Thomas Willett , John Rosamond , Jane Hunter , Mary Pittaway , Elizabeth Jackson , John Fitkin .

Imprisoned one year, 2.

Thomas Wright , Thomas Watmore .

Imprisoned two years, 1.

William Willongbby .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
16th February 1774
Reference Numbera17740216-1

Related Material

JOSEPH GURNEY , WRITER of these PROCEEDINGS, Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane,

Accurately takes down TRIALS at LAW, PLEADINGS, DEBATES, &c. And Teaches the ART of SHORT HAND upon reasonable Terms.

Of whom may be had, the eighth Edition of BRACHYGRAPHY or SHORT WRITING, Made easy to the meanest Capacity, True bound 8 s.

*** The Book may likewise he had of his sister MARTHA GURNEY , Bookseller, No. 34, Bell-yard, Temple-bar, where may be had PECULIAR GOOD PENS, made in a very superior to what are commonly offered to Sale, at 6 s. and 8 s. per Hundred .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
16th February 1774
Reference Numbera17740216-2

Related Material

This Day is published, Price Six-pence,

The Trials of the Prisoners (ten of whom were capitally convicted) at the Assize at HERTFORD, Before the Honourable Mr. Baron PERROTT .

And on Saturday, March 26, will be published , in two Numbers, Price Four-pence each, The Trials of the Prisoners at the Assize at CHELMSFORD, Before the Honourable Mr. Justice WILLES; Containing among others the remarkable Trial of WILIAM HIGGS, who was executed for the Murder of Richard Lambert .

Taken in Short Hand by JOSEPH GURNEY , And published by PERMISSION.

Sold by MARTHA GURNEY , Bookseller, No. 34, Bell Yard, near Temple Bar .

*** The Trials of the Prisoners at MAIDSTONE are in the Press and will be published in a few Days , Price Six-pence.

View as XML