Old Bailey Proceedings.
6th September 1769
Reference Number: 17690906

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
6th September 1769
Reference Numberf17690906-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 6th, Thursday the 7th, Friday the 8th, Saturday the 9th, Monday the 11th, Tuesday the 12th, and Wednesday the 13th of SEPTEMBER, 1769.

In the Ninth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Seventh SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable Samuel Turner , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Sold by S. Bladon, at No. 23, in Pater-noster-Row.


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable SAMUEL TURNER , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable George Perrot , Esq; one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *; Mr. Justice Willes, one of his Majesty's Judges of the Court of King's Bench +; James Eyre , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, +, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoners were tried. L. London, M. Middlesex Jury.


Richard Hatt ,

William Withers ,

Sampson Henry Jones ,

James Turverwell ,

Humphrey Buckland ,

John Stevens ,

John Billing ,

John Anson ,

Benjamin Fanton ,

Robert Silk ,

Thomas Groves ,

Thomas Goff .


John Clark

John Wetherell ,

William Bacon ,

Luke Angell ,

Francis Sadler ,

Thomas Chippendale ||,

George Jackson ,

Joseph Wilmott ||,

|| Thomas Vigure served part of the time in the room of Joseph Wilmott , and James Woolbridge in the room of Thomas Chippendale .

Thomas Dearlove ,

John George ,

James Clarke ,

Richard Cole .

Robert Bell.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-1

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416. (L.) Robert Bell was indicted for stealing a piece of cloth, containing twenty-one yards, value 40 s. the property of Thomas Smith , August 14 . ++

Thomas Smith . I am a linen-draper , and live in Milk-Street . The prisoner lived servant with me about four or five months. I think I missed a piece of Irish cloth out of my warehouse about the beginning of August. I had no great reason at that time to suspect the prisoner; but some time after I had. Then I took him into the counting-house, and charged him with robing me of it, mentioning the number of yards, and describing it. He denied it at first. Then he told me if I would give him till night, he would make a confession. I told him I would not give him ten minutes. He then acknowledged he had taken it and pawned it to a pawnbroker in Hounsditch, for thirty shillings. I sent him with my uncle to take it out. What past after, my uncle can inform you.

M. Waters. I was sent for on the fourteenth of August, by Mr. Smith. I went to his house. The prisoner was asked a great many questions. I put three to him myself. Whether he had pawned it, or given it to any body out of the house, or secreted it. Some time after he fell into tears, and owned he had pawned it. I went with him to a pawnbroker's in Hounsditch. There he

asked for it in his own name. It was produced to us. (Produced in Court.)

Prosecutor. This is my property, I mentioned the number of yards, and described it before I saw it.

Prisoner's Defence.

My master proposed if I would make an ample discovery, he would not hurt me, so I told him where it was.

Prosecutor. I do not recollect that I said I would not prosecute him. I did give him some encouragement to think I would in some measure be favourable.

Guilty . T .

Ann Lucas.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-2
VerdictNot Guilty

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417. (M.) Ann Lucas was indicted for making an assault on Samuel Chappel on the king's highway, and taking from his person a silver watch, val. 4 l. and 6 l. in money, numbered, his property , March 27 . *

Samuel Chappel . I live at Lowton in Essex, near Epping forest. On Easter-Monday I came to town, and went into a public-house, the sign of the Feathers at Charing-Cross , to refresh myself, between six and seven in the afternoon. I called for a pint of beer; after that I had another; after that I had a gill of wine. Then I changed a guinea to pay. I then sat a little while, and walked out at the door into a little yard. Before I could get up into the street, a man came out of that house, and knocked me down by a blow with his hand on the left side my face. Who he was I do not know. Then two women came, one held me down, while the prisoner took my money out of my pocket, it was in a bag, 6 l. and upwards of it. I had seen her in the house: she was in the box where I had been drinking. After she had taken my money, she took my watch. D - n him, said she, he has got more money about him. Then she searched my coat and waistcoat pockets, and took some halfpence out of my waistcoat pocket, and my handkerchief. This was about nine at night, just at the dawning of the evening. I was knocked down within about three yards of the house door, in the passage that leads to the street.

Q. Did you not call out?

Chappel. I begged my life. I did not call out, fearing they would cut my throat.

Q. Was you sober?

Chappel. I was.

Q. Did you not return into the house after this, or alarm people in the street?

Chappel. No. I went to my lodgings as fast as I could.

Q. How long is that passage?

Chappel. It is twenty yards, or thereabouts.

Q. Where did the people, that used you thus ill, go afterwards?

Chappel. They went into the house again.

William Gandal . I am a constable. The prosecutor came to Sir John Fielding 's, and gave an account that he had been robbed in a court that comes down from the Sun Fire-Office, that is, the court in which the Feathers is. There is no thoroughfare. The house is about fifty yards backwards. He said he should know the woman that robbed him, could he see her. He mentioned two women and a man. I went to that public-house on the Tuesday, the day after. I told the landlord's son, he not being at home, if he did not let me know where the woman was, I would speak to have his licence taken away, as many robberies had been committed in his house. Upon that he went and shewed me where the prisoner lodged in the Almonry: there I found the prisoner. I charged her with taking the prosecutor's watch and money. She denied it. I told her Mr. Chappel was come to that conclusion, that if she would own what she had done with the watch, if pawned, he would redeem it, and say no more about the affair.

Charles Powes , the constable, was called on his recognizance, but did not appear.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a girl of the town. I was going along with another girl. We met this gentleman: he asked us to go in and drink. He took us into the Gentleman and Porter at Charing-Cross, and called for rum and water. He wanted connections with me. I asked him for something: he said he would pay me after I had done. After that I asked him for his present. He said, How can you ask me for any money, when I have been robbed already? He threw down a penny for the servant, and paid his reckoning, and we came out all of us together.

Acquitted .

John Priest.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-3

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418. (M.) John Priest was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Cann , on the 31st of July , about the hour of two in the night, and stealing a man's

cloth coat, value 5 s. a flannel petticoat, value 4 d. a black cloth waistcoat, value 6 d. a linen waistcoat, value 6 d. a child's black silk cap, value 2 d. a linen handkerchief, value 2 d. and nine pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. the property of the said Thomas, in his dwelling-house *.

Thomas Cann . I live in St. John's Street . My house and every thing was safe when I went to bed on the 30th of July. There was nobody in the house but my wife and myself. When I got up, between two and three, I found all safe, except one window: they had cut the bottom of the groove away in which the shutter slides, taken the shutter out, and got in at the window. I missed above five pounds worth of things, besides the things which were taken upon the prisoner, and laid in the indictment.

Edward Dadget . I am a watchman. On the 31st of July, about a quarter before one in the morning, I stopt the prisoner in Turnmill-street, with these things in two handkerchiefs, ( producing the things laid in the indictment ); he said he had them of his mother over night. My partner went to his father in Charterhouse-lane, who came to the watch-house, and declared the things did not belong to him nor his wife. We took the prisoner to Clerkenwell Bridewell. After that, hearing Mr. Cann's house had been robbed, we let him know of the things, and his wife came and owned them. We took the prisoner before Justice Girdler: he there owned there were four others concerned with him in taking the things.

Thomas Blower , another watchman, confirmed the account he had given.

Richard Johnson . I am a watchman. On the 31st of July the prisoner told me in the watch-house, he stood on the outside of Mr. Cann's door, and his companions brought the things out and delivered them to him: he named James Daws as one of them; but the rest he did not know their names.

Thomas Bunn . I was constable of the night when the prisoner was brought into the watch-house with these things: he said he brought them from his mother, who lived in Charter-house-lane; I sent Blower there: the prisoner's father came, he shook his head, and said the things did not belong to him or his wife.

Prosecutor. These things here are my property, and were taken out of my house that night.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know no more of it than a child unborn; I had been drinking at the Catherine-wheel at Islington, and coming home I found these things upon the road by Wood's Close.

To his Character.

John Hilyer . I live at No. 82 on Saffron-hill, and am a painter and enameller. I have known the prisoner from a child. He was put apprentice to a waterman; but lived with his father in the watch-case way. I never knew his character impeached before.

Mary his wife said the same.

Henry Dorton . I am a victualler in Charterhouse-lane: I have known him above four years. I never heard but he had a good character.

John Rawley . I am a watch-case maker, and live in Charterhouse-lane: I have known him twelve or fourteen years. He has a very good character, as far as I have heard.

Thomas Millet . I live in Poppin's Alley, Fleet-Street: I have known him twelve years. I always heard a good character of him till now.

Guilty . Death .

John Caton, William Stapleton, David Price, William Deelvy.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-4
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 40s; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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419, 420, 421, 422. (M.) John Caton , William Stapleton , and David Price , otherwise Pissey , were indicted for breaking and entering the dwellinghouse of Robert Knipe , Esq ; and stealing a musical table clock, value 18 l. the property of the said Robert, in his dwelling house , and William Deelvy , otherwise Dailey , for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , August 1 . ++

Ann Markham . I live servant with Mr. Robert Knipe , in Red Lion Street , facing Chapel Street. On the 1st of August, between four and five in the afternoon, I saw the clock on the table in the parlour. I fastened the door and went out, and left no body in the house, and came home about a quarter before nine: then I found the window of the parlour up, which I had left down. I got a light, and looked round and missed the clock; likewise, from out of my work basket, two pair of ruffles, and a gauze apron, and several other things in it of mine. The clock was brought home again the next day in the afternoon.

Jane Kenderis . I went out with my fellow-servant between four and five. We had fastened all the back windows, and thought there

would be no danger of the fore-room windows. When we came home, which was about a quarter before nine, I immediately lighted a candle, and found the window up. We missed the clock; likewise the ruffles and gauze of Ann Markham 's out of her work basket. The next day some men came and asked if we had not lost a table clock the night before. We said we had. They produced it, and we knew it to be our master's.

Matthias M'Mahon . I am a taylor, and live in Broad St. Giles's, at the Plume of Feathers. My father is a taylor and salesman. John Caton , William Stapleton , David Price , and I, went out that day, the first of August. We had been in the country, and came home by Red Lion-street; Stapleton got over the iron rails, lifted up the sash, went in, and handed to me a basket of gauze and lace, and came over the rails again. Then David Price went over, and Stapleton followed him: they both went in at the window, and looked about a great while. They found a clock, and Stapleton handed it out to me over the rails. I took and carried it home: they all came with me. Then I gave Stapleton a halfpenny to buy a candle: we then went up stairs and looked at the clock. We sent Stapleton for Dailey; this was in a lodging in Dailey's house; Caton and Stapleton rent the room: Dailey came up and looked at it a great while: he said he had a clock of his own, and he did not chuse to buy it; but he would think of it by the morning. I told him it would not do to keep it in our lodging, for the chimes would strike, and we should be found out; he told me I might take it to his dwelling-house. I took it under my coat, and carried it to his house, which was but the next door; I carried it up stairs, and left it in a fore-room. We were taken up that night, about twelve o'clock, as disorderly persons: I and Stapleton got clear of that, and about twelve the next day, Dailey went and discovered the clock to the gentleman, as he found Caton could not get off. (The clock produced in Court, and deposed to by the servant maids, as their master's property.) I was taken up again between twelve and one, at the Running-horse, at the corner of Bambury-street, St. Giles's.

Q. How old are you?

M'Mahon. I am eighteen years of age.

Q. How long have you known the prisoners?

M'Mahon. I have known Caton and Stapleton a good while, and Price also, but never had much acquaintance with them.

Q. from Price. Where did you find me that day?

M'Mahon. I met with him at the corner of Red Lion-street, leaning over a post, between eight and nine in the evening: he was not in the country with us.

Price. I was at the corner of Red Lion passage.

James Galaway . I am a constable. It being a search night we went into Dailey's rents, and took M'Mahon, Price, and Caton: Stapleton got out at a window, and ran away. We searched the rooms in the house, it is a lodging house, but found nothing. The next day we took them before the Justices; M'Mahon was cleared: after he was gone, Dailey came and told me he had got some things in his house that he believed were stolen. I went and told the Justices of it, and went to Dailey's house, and there was the clock. Then we went and took M'Mahon again, and brought him and the clock before the Justices. He told us whose clock it was. Then he and the others informed us that Stapleton went out at the window: he was taken soon after. We found a parcel of linen and gauze in Dailey's necessary house the same day.

David Burnett . We went and searched several houses of bad character, and in Dailey's rents we found M'Mahon, Caton and Price, and carried them to the round-house, the next day, when we came to the Rotation-office, M'Mahon was cleared: he told the Justices he never lay in Dailey's rents before, and that was on account of his being out so late, that he could not get in at home. Price was also discharged. Caton was detained by reason one of the Justices had seen him pick a person's pocket. Stapleton I never saw, till I met with him here to-day. After Dailey had told of a clock at his house, we went and found M'Mahon at the Running-horse; we carried him to the Justices's, went and fetched the clock, and took the things out of the necessary.

Mr. Clay. I know nothing more than has been mentioned already, except what the evidence said; he said he had robbed a house in Red Lion Street, and if I would go along with him, he would shew me the house. I went with him, and he fixed upon the house of the prosecutor. I knocked at the door, and asked the maids if they had lost a clock; they told me they had.

Stapleton. I believe was committed by Sir John Fielding for other offences.

Caton's Defence.

I got up one morning to go to see my father. I called at an ale-house, the Running-horse, and had a pint of beer. I had drank more beer than ordinary. I got into that house to lie, and they came and took me. I am as innocent of the charge as the child unborn.

Stapleton's Defence.

I lodged at the Running-horse, and used to play at shuffle board. M'Mahon said, As I had no money, if I would go with him, he would shew me where to get some. I went with him to this house that night.

Court. You are not called upon to accuse yourself.

Stapleton. I did not go with him.

Price's Defence.

I was standing at the corner of Red Lion passage, and this M'Mahon and two others came by: he had a clock under his arm. He asked me to go along with them. We went to the Running-horse, and drank a pot of beer till it was twelve o'clock. I was afraid my father would lock me out, so M'Mahon took me to a house where he lodged.

Dailey's Defence.

M'Mahon never lay in my house, he called me up, and asked me whether I would buy a bargain. I said, No; I'll have nothing at all to do with it. I went down stairs, then up into my own room, and went to bed; he followed me up and left the clock in my kitchen. I know no more of its being there than the child unborn, till I got up: then I went to the constable, and told him there was such a thing left in my house. I have got a very good character.

Q. to Mr. Clay. What time did you first see the clock?

Mr. Clay. It was not brought till about twelve o'clock. Galaway Dailey came and told me of it between eleven and twelve. The boys were taken up long before.

Dailey called William Cook , a publican in Turnmill Street; Margaret Reed , Rebecca Delaney and James Dondin , a bricklayer's labourer, who said he had been a bricklayer's labourer, and lately deals in old clothes and linen rags, and behaved honest in his dealings.

Caton, Stapleton and Price, guilty of stealing 39 s. T .

Dailey guilty . T. 14 years .

John Dean, John Caton.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-5
VerdictNot Guilty

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423, 424. (M.) John Dean and John Caton (a second time) were indicted, together with Hugh Murry , not yet taken, for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. and two guineas, and one half guinea , the property of Benjamin Herbert , July 7 . *

Elizabeth Jones . I sell fruit about the streets. I have known Dean about three or four months, and Caton about three or four years. I was at the Running-horse one Saturday night, July 7, at St. Giles's, between eleven and twelve o'clock, when the prosecutor came in: I never saw him before. There were the two prisoners, and Hugh Murry . The prosecutor called for a pint of beer. Murry said to me, This old man has got a great deal of money: he never comes this way, but he takes five or six guineas. He sat down, and wanted change for a guinea. The landlord could not give it him. He said he was belated, and would give any thing to lie down till morning. Murry said to me, You fool, if you don't take him to your room, you are to blame. I took a candle, and he went with me, with a pint of beer in his hand, to my lodging in Maynard-street . Then he went to undress himself, and asked me to lie down. I was pulling off my gown. He got into bed. I said I was very sick, and wanted a dram: he desired I would not go yet. I had taken two guineas and a half out of his breeches pocket, and had it in my hand: the breeches lay in a chair. Immediately up came Murry, and the two prisoners. The prosecutor was then going to get up. They rushed in, and took the money out of my hand, and his watch out of his breeches, and broke the string in getting it out. The man said, For God's sake don't use me ill. They went off, and bid me come along. Murry sold the watch.

Benjamin Herbert . I am a chimney-sweeper , and live at Hampton. I was in London about the 7th of July, and had received three guineas in Water-lane, Fleet-street. I then went to Newtoner's Lane to see my brother, who was gone to bed; then I went and fell in at the Running-horse; there this Elizabeth Jones invited me to her lodging, to lie down upon her bed for two hours. I went there, and went into bed. Then she said she would go and get some gin. I said I did not want any. As soon as she went out of the room, three men came in, and one stood over me while the others rifled my pockets. I can't say I know any of them, it was dark, and I was very much in liquor, but I might as well have ventured my life to have gone home, as to go to lie there.

Both acquitted .

Elizabeth Page.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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425. (M.) Elizabeth Page , spinster, was indicted for stealing six yards of Irish linen cloth, value six shillings , the property of Richard Evans . August 9 . ++

Richard Evans . I live in Oxford-road . On the 9th of August, I lost six yards of Irish linen out of my shop. I did not miss them till the next day. They were cut in single yards for a particular use: they were cut the 9th in the morning, and tied up together.

Q. Have you ever seen any of them since?

Evans. I was at Justice Welch's, and was there shewed five pieces, that is, five yards; but they had been washed, so I cannot say they are the identical pieces.

Elizabeth Jones . I, the prisoner, and another (not taken) went out on the 9th of August, between two and three in the afternoon, to take a walk. The prisoner went into a shop in Bond-street, there she brought out three muslin handkerchiefs, and a silk and cotton one. After that she went into the prosecutor's shop in Oxford-road, and asked me to go in with her. She brought out six yards of cloth in six pieces, tied up with a piece of packthread, under her apron; I think it was Irish. Then we went to Mrs. Flyn's shop; we sold her them, and five yards of cloth, for 10 s. 6 d. for the whole. We had the money between us; after she had bought them, she said they should not be known, for she would put them in water, and wash them directly. I saw five yards of them afterwards at the Justice's; the other yard was lost.

Prisoner. She carried the cloth in herself, and took the money for it. I was in the street at the time.

Jones. We both went in together; she had it tied up in a silk and cotton handkerchief. I took and opened it, and shewed it to Mrs. Flyn.

Elizabeth Flyn . I keep a sale-shop in Monmouth-street. The prisoner and Jones came with the pieces of cloth. I bought them of Jones, and paid the money to her; half a guinea. There were five yards of cloth, and three muslin handkerchiefs.

Q. What was the value of the cloth?

Prosecutor. Had it been in the piece, it might have been worth 18 d. a yard; but as it was cut in pieces, it was not worth half the money.

Eliz. Flyn. I said I should wash them before I made them up.

Prisoner. Coming from my mother's, I happened to meet this Jones in the street, she asked me to go and drink a pint of beer; I went in with her and drank; after that she asked me to go with her to Monmouth-street; I asked her what for; she said she was going to a house to do a little business. She went in at Mrs. Flyn's house, at a back door, and pulled this cloth out of her pocket. I had none of the money.

Q. to Jones. What door did you go in at?

Jones. We went in at a back-door.

Acquitted .

Ann Barrett.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-7
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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426. (M.) Ann Barrett , spinster, was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. the property of John Donaldson , privately from his person , September 1 . *

John Donaldson . I live in Shadwell . I am a seafaring man, and came home on Trinity-monday, in his Majesty's ship the Swift. A woman hawled me into a dark entry, and clandestinely carried my watch away.

Q. Was she a stout woman?

Donaldson. She was a little dapper woman.

Q. Do you see any such woman here? (He looks about.)

J. Donaldson. No, I do not.

Q. Look about again.

J. Donaldson. That is the woman. ( Pointing to the prisoner.) I did not intend to speak to her, till she got both her arms round mine, and asked me to go home with her.

Q. How do you know she had your watch?

J. Donaldson. Because no other person was near me at the time, and I felt her hawl my watch out of my pocket. I said, What are you doing with my watch? I never found it since.

Samuel Yardley . I am headborough in Wapping parish. This was facing my house. I was called upon; the man said the prisoner had taken his watch. I took her in custody, and before the Justice she was not searched; but she did say she took hold of the watch-string, in the watch-house.

Luke Stribley . I am a watchman. I saw the prosecutor have hold of the prisoner, and he charged her with having his watch. I told her she had better deliver it; she denied it, and after that she said, the person that had it was going to sell it to a Jew.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming along, having been for some small-beer; he had another girl in the alley along

with him, but he said I was the girl that was along with him, and had taken his watch. I said I knew nothing of it. He called the watchman, who came, and he then charged me with it. I know nothing of the watch.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from the person . T .

William Ireland.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-8
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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427. (M.) William Ireland was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 3 l. the property of Thomas Thread , privately from his person , July 12 . ++

Thomas Thread . I live at the Roebuck in Grafton-street, and am a leatherseller . The prisoner came to my house on the 12th of July, about six in the evening, to enquire for a companion of his, that worked at my house, and we all went to drink together. By the prisoner's conversation I found he was going upon a furloe to see his friends. He is a fife . When we were at the Bell in Pye-street, Westminster , the prisoner asked me what o'clock it was. I pulled out my watch, somebody in the mean time touched me on my shoulder; upon which the prisoner snatched my watch out of my hand and went out of the house. I followed him, and called to him, but he did not come back. When he was taken and carried before Sir John Fielding , he confessed he had pawned it in Hounsditch.

Robert Core . I am a pawnbroker in Gun-yard. Hounsditch, and my master's name is Hunks. This watch was pledged with me (produced in court) by a person in the name of William Ireland . He was dressed in the dress of a drummer, and said he was going into the country to see a little estate that was left him. (The prisoner was in the habit of a drummer when at the bar.)

Prosecutor. This is my watch.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to see an acquaintance that worked with the prosecutor, and we went to a public-house. He asked the prosecutor to come and drink with us. He came, and said, As I was going upon a furloe, I wish you a good journey and safe return. He said, if I would learn him the fife, he should be obliged to me. I said I would, gratis. I said, I am going to see my friends, and I asked him to lend me his watch to make my appearance with, and I would return it when I came to town. He said he would. I had it in my pocket a long time after I had been drinking with him.

He called Serjeant Armstrong, and Charles Stewart , the drum-major, who said he behaved well in the regiment.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from the person . T .

Sarah Holmes.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-9

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428. (L.) Sarah, wife of Thomas, Holmes was indicted for stealing three silk handkerchiefs, value 9 s. the property of Thomas Mould , August 24 . ++

Thomas Mould . I live in Bishopsgate-street , and am a linen-draper . On the 24th of August I was not at home myself, but came home just as my servant had detected the prisoner. I have only to say, that the goods found upon her are my property. She was then in the shop.

William Vanham . I am journeyman to Mr. Mould. On Thursday was se'nnight the prisoner came under pretence to buy some handkerchiefs. I shewed her variety. After she had been some time in the shop, I saw something under her arm. I could not directly say what it was till some time after, when I saw the end of one handkerchief hang under her cloak. I still shewed her more. I ask'd her 4 s. for one, she bid me 3 s. and was going out. I then said, You have stolen some handkerchiefs. I took hold of her, and took them from her. She ran away, but I pursued her, and brought her back again. (The handkerchiefs produced and deposed to.) She had them close up under her arm.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went into the shop to buy me a handkerchief. I bid him 3 s. but he ask'd 3 s. 6 d. for one. He took it from me, and said, This good woman wanted to steal a handkerchief. There were more women in the shop at the time. I am a servant out of place. It is but eight weeks since I came out of the country.

To her Character.

Timothy Jackson . I have known her the eight weeks since she came to town. She comes from Nottinghamshire. I also knew her there. She was at my house the day of this unhappy affair. She went out, and said she was going to a place. I saw no more of her till I saw her in custody. I never knew any thing of this kind of her before. She had been in a place but three days, and came away sick to my house.

Guilty . T .

Richard Smith.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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429. (L.) Richard Smith was indicted for stealing a featherbed, value 5 s. the property of John Rose , August 18 . ++

John Rose . I am a bricklayer , and live in Parson's Court, Bride-lane . On the 18th of August there was a fire in Bridewell, the court in which I live joins it; we were afraid of its reaching us. I got out my goods and put them down by the end of the court. When I came to look for my things, I missed a bed, and the next day I heard it was in the constable's hands. I knew it to be mine, and have got it now at home.

Joseph Holder . I was sitting on a bench at the door of the George Inn, in Smithfield, that night the fire was, about eleven o'clock, and the prisoner was coming along with a bed on his back. I asked him if he had fetched that bed from the fire, and where he was carrying it; he said he brought it from the fire, and was carrying it to Islington, and that he must have a glass of gin. I went in, and told the people I thought he had stole a bed from the fire, so we stopped him with it, and then the constable took the bed to his house, and took the prisoner to the watch-house. Before the Lord Mayor, the prisoner said he was desired by a person to carry it to Islington.

William Hodson . Mr. Holder came in, and said there was a man at the door had a bed that he brought from the fire, which he believed he had stole. The prisoner came and asked for a glass of gin. There were a good many people asked him where he brought the bed from; he said from the fire, and that he was going to carry it to Islington; yet could not tell to what house, or for who, but said one Mr. Jones desired him to carry it, and that he would follow him. He gave no satisfactory answers, and the people were all unanimous to send for a constable. He was taken to the watch-house, and from thence to the Counter.

William Pickard . I am the constable. The prisoner was given in charge to me, and the bed was brought to the watch-house; from thence to my house, and by my Lord Mayor's order I delivered it to the prosecutor, who came and owned it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going to look at the fire, when a man had a bed in his hands and desired me to carry it to Islington. I took and carried it up by the side of the Fleet-market. I turned round, and saw a man coming with a bundle behind me. I went up Fleet-lane, and so to the George Inn, where I threw it down, went in, and had a glass of gin. There I was stopped.

He called John Cooper , a wheelwright, who had known him three years; Benjamin Worthy , who had known him twenty-one years; David Mophet the same; and Richard Wilson the same; John Sutton , sixteen; Robert Webb , fifteen; Elizabeth Mason, sixteen; Thomas Harris , five or six years; and Richard Dolby , six or seven weeks. They said he was a wheelwright , and of exceeding good character.


Thomas Taylor.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-11
VerdictNot Guilty

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430. (L.) Thomas Taylor was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Edmund Thorp Lauff , July 24 . ++

Edmund Thorp Louff . On the 24th of July, in the evening, about eleven o'clock, I was in St. Paul's Church-yard , just entering Ludgate-street, where I was called to by a gentleman at a little distance behind me, and told me I had lost my handkerchief. The prisoner ran away, about half-way down St. Paul's Church-yard, before we took him. He was stopt by Doctors Commons. My handkerchief was taken out of his bosom. The constable has got it, but he is not here, neither do I know where to find him.

Mr. Oliver. I was coming out at the Queen's Arms tavern at the time with others, and we heard the cry of stop thief. We agreed to follow. We saw a boy run along the highway, and we laid hold of him: he with an oath then said he had not the handkerchief. We found the handkerchief in his bosom, which the prosecutor owned as soon as he came up, and he swore to it afterwards before the sitting Alderman. The prisoner begged to be sent to sea.

Prisoner's Defence.

In walking along I picked up this handkerchief in the middle of the street.

Catherine Taylor . I am mother to the prisoner; he was always a dutiful son. I have kept him at school from three years old. He was out of his apprenticeship last Christmas, and has been two voyages since. He was at sea with his father at seven years old, and was at the taking of the Havannah.

Acquitted .

Richard Clements.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-12

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431. (L.) Richard Clements was indicted

for stealing a copper pot, value 10 s. a copper saucepan, value 3 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 3 s. the property of Joseph Sharpe , August 18 . ++

Joseph Sharpe . I lived in old Bridewell before the house was burnt. On the 18th of last month I had the misfortune to be burnt out. On the Sunday morning a person came and told me they had taken a man up with some things, that they apprehended he had stole from the fire, and I was desired to attend at St. Margaret's hill. I could not go myself, so I sent my servant, who I thought was better acquainted with these sort of goods than I was, she being my cook. She went, and when she returned, she said they were my property. After that I was sent for to my Lord Mayor, and was bound over to prosecute.

George Lobb . I was constable of the night. About twelve at night, on the 18th of last month, a man came to me at the watch-house, and said a man had got some things, offering them for sale at the Bridge-foot, and he apprehended they were stolen. At that time there was a fire at Bridewell precinct. I went and met the prisoner; they had stopped him in Tooley-street. There were a copper pottage-pot, and a copper saucepan, but the tea-kettle was not there. I found that the next day. I examined him in the watch-house; he was quite different in his story. I put him in the Borough Counter, and the next day he was examined at St. Margaret's hill. After this Mr. Sharpe's cook came, and claimed them to be her master's property.

William Leek . I saw the prisoner offering the things to sale, on the Friday night that the fire was, about eleven o'clock. I suspected he had stole them. I followed him down Tooley-street, He would have made away from me; and he turned up a court that goes to the King's-head tavern, but the door was shut; then he went farther down Tooley-street. I followed, and charged the constable with him.

William Hall . I am a watchman. As I was going my rounds in Tooley-street, I saw this man offer a copper pottage-pot to sell for 9 s. While I was going my rounds he set off, and the last witness followed him.

Sarah Metcalf . I am servant to Mr. Sharpe. (The goods produced in court.) I know these to be my master's property. I know them by my daily using them. I was sent for, and saw them at a tin shop over the water.

Constable. I keep a tin shop. I left them at a tin shop by St. Margaret's hill, because I would not have the trouble to carry them down to my house.

S. Metcalf. We had not above a quarter of an hour to get our goods out. We do not know who we delivered them to.

Prisoner's Defence.

As I was going along from Newgate-street into Cheapside, I bought these things of a man in the street. I was going to carry them home to Greenwich the same night. I am a journeyman turner , and work on Snowhill; but my wife and family live at Greenwich. I never was nearer the fire than the top of Snowhill. My master would give me a character if he was here.

Lobb. We met his master going with the prisoner to the Mansion-house; he said he would not stir a step to save him.

Guilty . T .

James Dean.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-13

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432. (L.) James Dean was indicted for stealing six pounds weight of coffee, value 6 s. the property of persons unknown . August 6 . ++

Joseph Gutteridge . I am a waterman. On the sixth of last month I had a charge of coffee at Fresh wharf , in casks; the prisoner had a charge of oyl near me. He was watching for a merchant. I was sitting on a chair close by the coffee, rather heavy for sleep. I missed the prisoner, and asked the watchman on the key to lend me his lanthorn to look at the casks; going round, I found the prisoner up at the farther end, by the side of the casks. I found a hole bored in a cask of about six or seven inches from the ground in the bulge, and the coffee was running out, with an apron under to catch it; whose apron it was, I know not. The prisoner was about five or six yards from it. I laid hold of him, and found coffee in his pocket. He wanted me to let him put it into the cask again.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been working there all day. I was asked to watch with a black man. The black man said here is coffee on the key, and it is a pity we cannot get some for our wives breakfasts. Richard Scott gave the black man a handkerchief. I was going round to do my occasions, and seeing some coffee lying on the ground, I took it up; after that I met this man with the black, he came up to the door, and said, Have you not something about you? I said, yes, some coffee, which I picked up. I saw no hole in the cask.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Currant.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-14
VerdictNot Guilty

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433. (L.) Sarah Currant , widow, was indicted for stealing a quartern loaf of wheaten bread, value 6 1/2 d. the property of Samuel Barrow ; and another ditto, the property of a person unknown , August 16 . *

Acquitted .

Joseph Brush.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-15
VerdictNot Guilty

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434. (M.) Joseph Brush was indicted for stealing a repeating silver watch, value 10 l. the property of Thomas Harris , July 11 . *

Thomas Harris . I am a master taylor , and live in York-Buildings. I was coming home from Berkeley-Square, between twelve and one in the morning on the 12th of July, when the prisoner accosted me in this manner, and said, I am going your way, I will see you home. This was in Bond-Street. He said, There are a great many thieves and pick-pockets about. I said, I am not afraid of thieves, or any body else.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Harris. It was light enough to distinguish the person. I am very sure he was the man. I told him I did not want him two or three times.

Q. Had you ever seen him before?

Harris. No, not to my knowledge. He was dressed very genteely. I did not suspect him to be a thief. He went with me as far as York-Buildings : then I said, I am got home, so I wish you a good night. He pushed me up against Mr. Jeffery's house, immediately took my watch out of my pocket, and ran off towards St. Martin's church, where I lost sight of him. I went to Sir John Fielding , and there was Joseph Levi , who described the watch better than I could. When I saw the prisoner at the Justice's, my blood boiled in my veins.

Joseph Levi . I am a Jew. On Wednesday morning, the 14th of June, I was just got up, when the prisoner and another were standing at my back door, by a public-house. We all three went in, and had some beer. He pulled out a watch and said, I have a handsome watch. I suspected it to have been stolen; I went up to Sir John Fielding , and told him I saw such a watch in the hands of Brush. Mr. Harris was there at the time. I never saw any thing of Brush till Sir John sent for me about six weeks after. I told Sir John the number of it.

Q. What was the number of it?

Levi. I cannot recollect it now. I have known the prisoner a long time. He is a Jew.

Q. Did you go on purpose to give an account of this watch?

Levi. No, I went to ask some questions about a brother-in-law, who had been struck, when I saw a bill lying which described this watch to be lost. This was on the fourteenth, in the morning, and the names were Reeve and Cotton.

Q. Did you see that before you told Sir John, or after?

Levi. I had seen that before.

Mr. Hill. I sold Mr. Harris a watch, the names were Reeve and Cotton, No. 1217, last April was twelve months. It was capped and jewelled. I sold it to him for eighteen guineas.

Prisoner's Defence.

The prosecutor said the man that robbed him was in white clothes. The justice asked him if he should know him, he said he should not.

Prosecutor. I did not say he was in white clothes; I said he was a tall, genteel, and well dressed man, and I believed I should know him.

To his Character.

John Davis . I was told a young fellow was taken up for an assault. I went there to bail him, and I found it was the prisoner. I saw him at the Brown Bear. He said he had been accused of stealing a silver watch. I asked this Levi if he was acquainted with the prisoner, and from what motive he could charge the prisoner. He said, He is an intimate acquaintance, and he is very ungrateful in not giving me something, as he has got money. I know Mr. Harris can do nothing without me; he can find no bill without me: money is now very acceptable. I do declare upon my oath, if I had given him a couple of guineas, he would not have concerned himself about it. Mr. Harris told Sir John he was a tall, thin young fellow in white clothes, that he prated like a magpye all the way, and that he was a little in liquor, but thought he should know the man's voice.

Mr. Harris. Sir John said to this gentleman, Who are you? He answered, he was an attorney's clerk. Upon my oath I did not say I was in liquor. I told Sir John, I could not tell how he was dressed.

Acquitted .

Susanna Fleming.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-16
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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435. (M.) Susanna Fleming , spinster, was indicted for stealing five silk handkerchiefs, value 20 s. and a yard of lawn, value 8 d. the property of Hubert Hussey and John Whitters , privately in the shop of the said Mess. Hussey and Whitters , August 2 . *

Richard Templar . I am servant to Mess. Hussey and Whitters, linen-drapers in Gerrard-Street . About five weeks ago the prisoner came to our shop with pretence to buy a cotton gown. She went from that to many other articles. She saw some silk handkerchiefs lying on the counter, she applied to them. I saw her convey five of them under her gown, or under her child's clothes. She had a child with her. She bought nothing. I was busy with other customers, but I privately told my fellow-servant to take care of her. I having seen her take some handkerchiefs, she was charged with having taken them. She fell a crying, and said she had not. I saw the handkerchiefs fall from her. We desired her to walk to the farther end of the shop, and I saw a remnant of lawn fall. (Five silk handkerchiefs and the lawn produced in court.) These are the same; they are the property of Hubert Hussey and John Whitters .

Prisoner's Defence.

I went into the shop to ask for a bit of lawn to make me some caps. I set my child on the counter. I took up the handkerchiefs and piece of lawn unknown to me, and the gentleman asked me if I had any thing upon me. I said I did not know: he searched me, and found the things under the child's petticoats. It was my landlord's child, in High-Street, St. Giles's.

To her Character.

Joseph Bond . I am a hatter, and live in High-Street, St. Giles's. I have known her near four years. She bears a good character.

James March . She lived servant with me about three years ago, and bore a good character.

Thomas March . I have known her between seven and eight years. She bears a good character.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

Sarah , Abigail Bradley.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-17
VerdictsNot Guilty

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436, 437. (M.) Sarah, wife of James, Picklley , and Abigail Bradley , spinster, were indicted; the first for stealing a silver table spoon, value 4 s. and the other for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen ; the property of Frances Upton , widow, Feb. 8 . *

Both acquitted .

John Michael Venables, Charles Charles.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-18
VerdictsNot Guilty > fault

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438, 439. John Michael Venables and Charles Charles were indicted; the first for stealing twelve wooden blocks, value 10 s. one long rope, called a runner, with proper tackle thereto, value 2 s. the property of Duncan Campbell and William Heyman ; and one other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , August 9 . *

It was given in evidence that there were four partners in the property, the two omitted in the indictment were Robert Young , merchant and planter at the Granades, and Richard Chadwick , merchant at Liverpool. The indictment not being laid right, they were both acquitted.

Mary Kenzie.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-19
VerdictNot Guilty

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440. (M.) Mary Kenzie , spinster, was indicted for stealing a guinea, two half guineas, and three quarter guineas , the property of Israel Lyons , August 19 . ++

Israel Lyons. On the night of the 18th of August, about eleven o'clock, I was in Fleet-street, when the prisoner picked me up near Ludgate-hill; she is a common woman. I went into a tavern with her, and after having been some time with her, I told her I was rather too late to go to my inn, so I went with her to a friend of hers in Bridges-Street . She conducted me into the house, and I went to bed. I had a guinea, two half guineas, and three quarter guineas in my pocket. What silver I had, I cannot tell. I put my breeches under my head, and being extremely tired, I fell to sleep immediately. I had wound my watch up, and laid it on the table. After some time I was awaked by the master of the house, who told me the woman wanted to go out, but that he would not let her till he had seen me. I took up my breeches and found all my gold gone; there having been no other person in the room but the prisoner, I was sure she must have it. I offered to let her go, if she would give me my money again, but she would not, so I charged a constable with her. He carried her to Covent-Garden round-house. I was present there when he took the very number of pieces from her, and five shillings that I had given her. I took her before Sir John Fielding , and he committed her. My watch was not meddled with.

David Keen . I am the officer. I searched the prisoner in the watch-house. I found she had a bit of tape tied round her body over her shift, and a little purse fastened to it behind, in which

I found this money ( producing one guinea, two half guineas, and three quarter guineas.) She all along denied having the money till it was found, then she stormed about, and made a great noise.

Prisoner's Defence.

This man met with me upon Ludgate-hill; he treated me with a bottle of wine at the King's Arms, and told me if I would go with him to the Ship Tavern without Temple-Bar, he would give me a couple of shillings: after that he told me, if I would go and lie with him, he would give me more money. He made me a present of it. I went with him, he gave me that money, and he bruised me and used me very ill: afterwards he said if I would not deliver it again, he would send for a constable. I never picked his pocket, or intended to use him ill.

Acquitted .

Charles Johnson, Sarah Johnson.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-20
VerdictsNot Guilty

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441, 442. (M.) Charles Johnson was indicted for stealing a silver shoe-buckle, value 2 s. the property of Timothy M'Mahone , and Sarah Johnson , his mother, for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , August 19 . ++

Both acquitted .

Jacob Snarbo.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-21

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443. (M.) Jacob Snarbo was indicted for stealing a silver hilted sword, value 5 l. 5 s. and two ounces of gold fringe, and a green cloth waistcoat laced with gold, value 2 l. 2 s. the property of Michael Parys , in the dwelling house of the said Michael , July 23 . *

The prisoner being a foreigner at his own request, he was tried by a jury of half foreigners, and John Cope was sworn interpreter.

Michael Parys . I keep the Hotel in Suffolk-street , where all foreign nobility that come over resort. The prisoner came to me on a Monday in July; I think he had been at my house on the Wednesday night before: he knocked at my door and spoke bad English. I said, Speak German. He pulled out one of my cards, and said, Is this yours? I said, Yes. Said he, I came out of the city from a merchant who sent me to you. I said, What gentleman? He mentioned one. I said I did not know this gentleman. He said the gentleman gave his compliments to me, and would take it as a favour if I would get him a place, or employ him till I got him one. I told him I could not take a man in where there was such a great trust till I knew something of him, and I had not the honour of knowing the gentleman he mentioned. I told him, if he would bring me a letter, with some account of his character and behaviour, I would employ him, if I found he would do for me. He said it would be charity to employ him. He looked very pitiful. He told me he could not bring a letter that night, for the gentleman was at Hackney, at his country seat; but he could bring it the next day. I told him I had business that required me to be out of town; but he might leave it with my wife, and call on me on the Wednesday, and I would give him an answer. A note came, and my wife gave it me. I think it was with the name of Cousmaker, or some such name. I believe he came again on the Wednesday, when I told him I would employ him. He seemed to be exceeding thankful, and said it was very good of me. I asked him where his things were; he said they were at the gentleman's country house, and it would be very late before he could come. He came in late that night with a box, it was quite dark; it must be nine o'clock or more. I saw him come, and asked him what made him come so late, he was all in a sweat. He said it was so far, he could not come before. He pitched the box in the court; I told him to carry it up stairs. I meant to lay him with the cook, but the cook made an objection, gave him up his bed, and went home to lie with his wife. The prisoner was shewed up, and he carried his box into the cook's room. It appeared that the box was full of something, but after the robbery I went and looked in the box, and there was nothing in it. There was a trunk carried up stairs, and a silver hilted sword lay upon the outside of it, with a bag of things, in which was a green waistcoat trimmed with gold, which I shall give some account of hereafter. On the Sunday I had some company, when the prisoner came to me and complained of my servants, that they were very lazy, and gave away my victuals. I did not like him, and told him that on the morrow he should go about his business. I then went to walk in the Park, and when I came home there was a silver spoon missing: having lost one before, I said I would not lose another, without making a through search. I looked about my house, but I could not find my spoon. About a quarter after nine, I asked where the prisoner was; I was told he had not been seen since dinner.

Presently I heard my wife call out, Here he is! Here he is! I said, Where is he? She said, He is gone into such a parlour. Then he said, Do you want me? As soon as I came to him, I replied, What do you want here, you rascal? He appeared to me as though his breeches were down. I pushed him out; got him towards the kitchen, and said, Why do you run about my house in this manner? Pull your breeches up. I then said, What have you got there? seeing some shifts. He replied, These are my sister's. I answered, Why did you not make a bundle of them, and go off like an honest man. I am a very honest man, said he. I then took him into my kitchen, and told my cook to take care of him. I said, Come, and make him strip. My cook said, I cannot, I am frighted out of my wits to see such a rogue. He had nine shirts on, besides several shifts. We were obliged to pull them over his head, and the green waistcoat laced with gold, which I had before mentioned. He endeavoured to throw out what he could from his pockets. I said to the people by, Take a pen and ink, and we will make a proper inventory, which I have here, (producing a long list of rich things) of the things which were found upon him. He begged for God's sake I would let him go, as I had got all the things. I said I should look upon myself to be as great a villain as you to let you go. The things were kept in a garret, and the key locked in a bureau. I found the door broke open, and the lock of the Duke D'Eon's trunk broke. The silver hilt of the sword I found broke from the blade in the lining of the prisoner's coat, and the silver hook of the scabbard. The waistcoat and sword are the property of the Duke D'Eon's secretary, which were left at my house under my care. When I came to look in my store room, I found some crimson silk damask missing. The gold fringe, with several other things which I found in the prisoner's breeches, was my property: he had crammed them so full, that he could not keep them up. Here are four witnesses in court that saw me take the things from him. I took him to the watch-house, with the assistance of a constable.

Prisoner. The gentleman took the things from me himself.

The jury thought it needless to examine any other witnesses for the prosecution.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had not a shirt to my back, and the master of the house was for turning me out of the house the next day. There was a servant that was well known in the house; he went up with me to my room, and gave me these things to take care of them. I did not know what, or how much there was. He was what they called a foreigner. I did not know his name, nor where to find him. He used to frequent the house. I was drunk, and the man told me to put the shirts and shifts on. I did not know what the fringe was till the master of the house took it out of my breeches.

To his Character.

George Long . I have known the prisoner about three quarters of a year. He and his sister lodged with me about a week. He paid me very honestly.

Guilty . Death .

Joseph Stackhouse, William Litchfield.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-22

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444, 445. (M.) Joseph Stackhouse and William Litchfield were indicted for robbing Sampson Jessop on the King's highway of a silver watch, value 40 s. and 7 s. in money numbered, the property of the said Sampson , July 15 . *

The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoner.

Sampson Jessop . I live in Hoxton Square. On the 15th of July I was at Pinner, and being on the Harrow-road , about a mile before I got to Padington, coming home (about a quarter past ten at night) I was stopped by three men. I was in a one horse chaise. It was a fine moonlight night; one of them shewed me a pistol and demanded my money. That was the prisoner Litchfield, for he came first. I observed, before they came up, they walked about fifteen yards from each other. When he bid me stop, I did not understand him. I said, What do you say? He replied, Your money, your money. Then I immediately stopped. I saw his pistol. Then Stackhouse came up to the head of my horse: he presented a pistol, and took hold of my horse. Then the other that was behind came and jumped upon the shafts of my carriage. I had my hands down, with my reins and whip. He said, What do you hold your hands down for? Hold them up. He said, Your watch as well as your money. He took my watch and my money, and gave them to Litchfield, on my left hand. I was some time pulling off my gloves. Stackhouse said, Blast his eyes, if he is not quick, clap a pistol to his head, and blow his brains out. I said, Gentlemen, have a little patience, and I'll give you my watch and money. After they had got my watch and my money, which was about seven or eight

shillings, they clapped their hands on the cut-side of my breeches; then they jumped from my carriage, and I came about my business. They went towards Harrow, and I came on to town. As I came along, I gave intelligence to all I met. When I came to the back of the Foundling Hospital I met a coach, I said to the coachman, Are you going upon the Harrow road? I told him three men had just robbed me. I found they were some of Sir John Fielding 's people. They told me they had just taken three men, and desired me to wait on Sir John. I did, and gave the particular number on my watch. I found they were not the people that robbed me, they were in different clothes. I described particularly the dress and persons of the men that robbed me; I had taken such notice of them, that I was able to swear to their persons and cloathing. On the Tuesday I went to Sir John Fielding 's again; there was Stackhouse with my watch. I knew him at once, and swore to him. I immediately said to Sir John's clerk, This is one of them. I went into the country on the Friday, and staid there ten days. After Litchfield and Temple were taken, Sir John sent me a card and letter. I came home on the Saturday night, when I was shewed them. On the Monday I attended Sir John, there I saw them, and knew them. Sir John admitted Temple an evidence. They both of them were on my carriage when I was robbed. I was very sorry they were the men. I saw my watch at Sir John's when Stackhouse was there.

Mr. Cotrell. I am a pawnbroker. On Monday the 17th of July we had a bill from Sir John Fielding , of a watch being stolen. I read it, and put it where I generally do, to be looked at if wanted. On the eighteenth, about three in the afternoon, Joseph Stackhouse came in at one of the private boxes.

Q. What do you mean by private boxes?

Cotrell. These boxes are private places for gentlemen and ladies who do not choose to be seen when they come to the shop. He asked me a guinea and a half upon this watch.

Q. Did you know him before?

Cotrell. I believe I have seen him before: he used to live with a parcel of women at the end of our lane. My master lives in St. Martin's lane. I took the watch to the window to examine it; then in came Temple and Litchfield, to ask the price of a pair of breeches, that lay in the window. I never saw either of them before, to my knowledge, I told him, I had no breeches that would suit him. They went out, and came in again a second time: they said, if I would shew them the breeches, they were sure they would do. I said I had none that would do. They went out again, and I observed then to loiter about the door. I went then to Stackhouse, and desired he would write his name upon a ticket. He wrote upon it the name, John Turner , Bow-Street, Westminster. (The ticket produced.) Bow-Street, he told me, was the place where he lived. The moment he wrote his name upon the bill, I went round the counter to the side he was, in order to prevent his getting away. I asked him whose watch it was, that he offered to pledge; he said it was his property. I had observed it answered the bill. I asked him where he got it; he said he bought it of a milkman, or a slopman. I asked him whether he knew where the person was to be found; he mentioned first Litchfield-street, then Titchfield-street; then he mentioned another; and he said, if I would go along with him, he would shew me. I then told him this watch was taken upon the highway from a gentleman near Paddington, and he must go with me before Sir John Fielding . As he came out of the box, he went to the door; there were Litchfield and Temple at the door. I asked him if he knew either of those men; he denied knowing either of them. I asked them if they knew him; they each of them denied knowing him. I took him to Sir John Fielding myself; Litchfield and Temple went off, but I cannot tell which way they went. Sir John was not at home. I told them the occasion of my bringing Stackhouse there, and he was committed to Tothill-field bridewell for farther examination; but before he went there, he was searched, and a watch was found in his breeches on the back part of his thigh, which proved to be taken from a man near Vauxhall.

Temple was in court, but the court thought proper not to examine him.

Stackhouse's Defence.

I had the watch of Temple.

Litchfield's Defence.

I know nothing at all about it.

To Litchfield's Character.

Eleanor Bevan . I have known Litchfield near seven years, he is a milkman , and has always behaved very honestly.

Edward Griffice . I am a cow-keeper and farmer at Hyde-park Corner. I have known him eight or nine years. I have had a great deal of dealings with him, and he bears the character of an honest man.

Catherine Farmer . I keep a public house at Hyde-park Corner. I have known him better than eight or nine years; I never heard any thing dishonest of him in my life.

Both guilty . Death .

Mary White.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-23
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty

Related Material

446. (M.) Mary White , spinster, was indicted for stealing a ruffle shirt, value 3 s. the property of Peter Duff , August 15 . ++

Acquitted .

(M.) She was a second time indicted for stealing a red duffil cardinal, value 2 s. 6 d. and a linen shirt, value 2 s. and 6 d. the property of John Man , July 24 . +

Hannah Man . My husband's name is John. I live at the One Tun in little Poultney-street, Knave's Acre . I lost a red cardinal and linen shirt in July. I went to a pawnbroker's, and found my red cardinal. I then asked if there were any more things belonging to me; he told me I had better go to Bridewell and ask the person who pawned it, telling me her name. I then went to the prisoner, and said, Mary White , do you know any thing of my things? she said No. I said, I have seen the cloak, which is in pledge for three shillings. Then she said, As you have seen your cloak, I will tell you where your other things are, if you will not prosecute me; and then told me she had pledged them with the same person. I sent to the pawnbroker, and told him the rest of my things were in the same name. I found them there. I had never seen the prisoner before. I said, How could you get in? She said, she found the key of my room where I had put it when I went out, and she went in and took the things, locked the door, and hung the key up again.

John Parker . I am servant to a pawnbroker. On the 21st and 24th of July, the prisoner pledged a red cardinal and a shirt with me. I lent her two shillings upon each of them. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

She said if I would tell her where the things were, she would not hurt a hair of my head. I said, I knew nothing about them.

Guilty . T .

Paul Caustin, William Caustin.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-24
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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447, 448. (M.) Paul Caustin and William Caustin , his son, were indicted for stealing pounds weight of lead, value 10 d. the property of William Nixon , fixed to a dwelling house belonging to the said William , August the 8th . +

Paul guilty . T .

William acquitted .

William Barwick.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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449. (M.) William Barwick was indicted for stealing five pounds weight of coffee, value 5 s. the property of persons unknown , August 6 . ++

Acquitted .

Thomas Babb.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-26
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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450. (L.) Thomas Babb was indicted for stealing a wicker basket, value 1 s. two pair of leather shoes, value 8 s. and a silver watch, value 40 s. the property of Thomas Repton , July 15 . +

Thomas Repton . I am a waggoner . My waggon goes from Shrewsbury to London. I lighted of the prisoner on the road, and he came to town with me. The gateway of the Castle and Faulcon in Aldersgate-street would not admit of the waggon's coming in; it was so high loaded, we were forced to take some of the things off in the street. I delivered a wicker basket (what was in it I do not know) to the prisoner at the bar, directed to Richard Carver : he was to carry it to the Nag's Head, across the street, but he took it away. I do not know what became of it. This was on the 15th of July.

James Eastlander . I live at the Bird, at the bottom of the Castle and Faulcon yard. On the 15th of July the prisoner brought a wicker basket into my house. I never saw him in my life before, and he called for a pint of beer, desiring me not to let the basket go away till he came. He went away, and returned in about a quarter of an hour, and took it away. I saw him pull the direction off in my house, but did not observe who it was directed to. There was a cloth over the top of it. I laid my hand upon it, and felt something that I thought was leather.

Martha Carver . The basket was directed to my husband; it came from my father and mother in Shropshire. There were two pair of shoes, a watch, and other things in it.

Q. How do you know that?

M. Carver. I have received a letter, giving an account of it. (The letter not being proper evidence, could not be read.)

Q. to Repton. What is the value of the basket?

Repton. That is worth about 10 d. or a shilling.

Prisoner's Defence.

The waggoner delivered only a basket of fowls and a bundle to me, and I carried them to the Nag's Head. I never saw the wicker-basket.

Guilty of stealing the basket, 10 d. T .

Samuel Gibons.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-27

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451. (L.) Samuel Gibons was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Simon Otridge , July 4 . ++

Simon Otridge . On the fourth of July I was in Cheapside , at the corner of Foster-lane, about ten at night, and coming towards Newgate-street, I thought I saw the prisoner and another before me: they turned upon me, and immediately I missed my handkerchief. I turned round immediately and brushed the prisoner's shoulder. He asked me why I jostled him; I told him I thought he had taken my handkerchief. A person came up and said he would make oath the prisoner had picked my pocket. I know I found a hand at my pocket, but cannot say whose hand. My handkerchief was purple and white.

William Cole . I was going up Cheapside, about ten at night, when I saw the prisoner, and another with him, turn short round upon the prosecutor, and the prisoner put his left hand into the prosecutor's right hand pocket, and took something out, but could not distinguish what. He gave it to the other man, who put it under his coat.

Prisoner's Defence.

As I was coming home from Gracechurch-Street, this person said he had lost his handkerchief: I said, I should be glad if you would search me. He replied, Go about your business. I went away. They then came and took hold of me, and that other man said, I had picked the gentleman's pocket. I work for Mr. Townsend, an ironmonger in Gracechurch-Street, and make all manner of hardware for him.

He called Peter Cadeck , William Redbourn , Thomas Hartley , and Joseph Parks , blacksmiths; Joseph Hall , a publican; and Christopher Wagget , a watchmaker; who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Barter.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-28

Related Material

452. (M.) Sarah Barter , spinster, was indicted for stealing four linen check aprons, value 10 d. four pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. one linen sheet, value 6 d. one pair of velvet breeches, value 6 d. and two table cloths, value 6 d. the property of John Hitch ; a pair of leather boots, a pair of leather-boot-garters, and a pair of silver-plated spurs, the property of George Pratt , August 21 . +

Ann Hitch . My husband's name is John Hitch , We keep the George ale-house in the Cole-yard . The prisoner was my hired servant . She came to me on the Friday night, and on the Monday, August the twenty-first, I went out to drink a dish of tea, and in the mean time she went away, when all the things in the indictment, and more, were missing when I returned, The boots, boot-garters, and spurs, were left at my house by George Pratt , when he returned from Barnet races. (The goods belonging to Hitch produced, and deposed to.) The watchman brought her back to me with the things.

John Vitu . I am a watchman in Oxford-Road. About half an hour after ten o'clock that night the prisoner brought these goods to a woman at an old clothes shop, but the woman did not choose to buy them, and she charged me with her. I took her and the bundle to the watch-house. After that I found the prosecutor, who owned them. (Produced in court.)

George Pratt . These boots, garters, and spurs, are my property. I left them at Mr. Hitch's house when I came from Barnet races.

Ann Hitch . The other things here produced are my property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in liquor, and did not know what I was doing.

Guilty . T .

Peter Mac Carty.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-29
VerdictNot Guilty

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453. (M.) Peter Mac Carty was indicted for stealing a wooden chest, value 2 s. 6 d. six waistcoats, value 6 s. four check shirts, value 4 s. one pair of linen drawers, value 2 s. and one pair of flannel drawers, value 1 s. the property of John Salman , August 28 . +

Acquitted .

Ann Downs, Solomon Gundy.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-30
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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454, 455. (M.) Ann Downs , spinster, and Solomon Gundy , were indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 1 s. one linen shift, value 1 s. one linen handkerchief, value 4 d. the property of John Bird , August 10 . +

John Bird . I live in Turk's Head Court, Golden-Lane . On the 10th of August I lost the things laid in the indictment. ( Mentioning them.)

I found only one shirt. The prisoner, Downs, was detected in pawning it. I took her myself in Whitecross-street. She confessed they were given to her by Robert Horton and Solomon Gundy , otherwise Solomon Wood.

John Waters . The prisoner brought a shirt, a shift, and a handkerchief to pawn to me the 10th of August, in the day time. I lent her three shillings upon them. She said they were her mother's and her brother's. ( Produced in court.)

Bird. I know the shirt by a place that had been torn in one sleeve. I never wore my wife's shifts, so I cannot swear to that. I lost such a handkerchief, but will not swear to it. I know nothing against the boy at the bar, but what Downs confessed.

Downs's Defence.

I get my bread in the streets. I was by St. Luke's church, when Robert Horton and Solomon Gundy came to me, and asked me to pawn these things. I went and pawned them, and gave them the money.

Gundy's Defence.

Sir John Fielding admitted me an evidence against Horton.

William Downs guilty, 10 d.

Gundy acquitted .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Sarah Norser.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-31
VerdictNot Guilty

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456. (M.) Sarah Norser , otherwise Norton, spinster , was indicted for stealing half a guinea, and 19 s. in money numbered , the property of John Ross , August 6 . ++

John Ross . I am a gentleman's servant out of place. On the sixth of August I was coming home to my lodging in Red-Lion Square, betwixt twelve and one in the morning, when I met this girl in the street, to the best of my knowledge, at the top of Drury-Lane. She asked me where I was going; I replied to my lodging. Said she, I have a very good lodging, you may go along with me. She took hold of me, and said I should. I asked her what I must give her for the night, and offered her half a crown. She would not take it at first, so I was going away. Then she said, Come, I will take your money, rather than part with you. I then said, If you are an honest girl, I will give you a little more. She then replied, she had a good room, and no person should come to meddle with me. I went with her, but do not know the name of the street. She locked the door. I put my breeches under my head, when I went to bed, and soon fell asleep. The next thing I heard was her calling to some of her acquaintance at the window. It awaked me, and I immediately sought for my breeches, and found them much in the same place where I had placed them; but my money was gone, which was half a guinea, twelve shillings, and three half crowns. I had put it in a purse in my right hand breeches pocket. I then said, Young woman, you told me you would be very honest. Do you miss any thing? said she. I said, I miss all my money, and if you do not give it me, I will go for a constable. Said she, I do not care for what you or a constable can do. I immediately went, and met with a young man, who directed me to a constable, while he watched at the door. The constable and I came, but she was gone to another house. We went there, and found her in bed with another woman. She had tied a handkerchief about her face, that she might appear like a man. Said the constable, Let us take the things from about this head, and see whether it is a man or a woman. We did so, and found it to be the woman. She then abused the constable in such a manner, as nothing could be like it. I was just come from Tunbridge-Wells, and was as sober as I am this minute. I have lost my place by it.

Q. Are you sure you had your money when you went into the room?

Ross. I am sure I had.

John Paterson . I am the officer. I went with the prosecutor, and found her in another house. After we discovered her, by undressing her head, she was in a terrible passion, and swore and made a great noise. She said she had got the money, and she would take care and keep it. There were many people heard her say that.

Prisoner's Defence.

I met with this footman, at ten at night, in Parker's Lane, along with another woman: she had a husband, and he could not be with her; but she called me over and said, There is a man will lie with you all night. He then came, and told me he would give me half a crown. I went home with him, and lay with him. Some time after he said he had lost some money. He then searched his purse, and found half a crown in it, and then said, if I would make it up half a guinea, he would let me go: I replied, if I had it, I would spend it. Here is a note of hand which he gave me, with his name at the bottom of it. (Produced in Court.)

Ross. That note was wrote the 6th of August. I signed it, in order to forgive her, if she

would give me back the half guinea, which was my master's money. I would then forgive her the rest.

Acquitted .

Martha .
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-32

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457. (M) Martha, wife of William, Maddox was indicted for stealing two linen gowns, value 12 s. and a stuff petticoat, value 4 s. the property of Catherine Deveil , widow, July 5 . ++

Catherine Deveil . I live in Dean-Street, Soho . On the 5th of July I lost the things mentioned in the indictment out of a room up two pair of stairs. I suspected the prisoner, as she came up and down to a prisoner in my house. I went about among the pawnbrokers on the 20th of August, and met with some of the things. She came to our house, and was going up stairs to speak with a person, so I told her I wanted to speak with her. I got her into the parlour, and accused her with taking these things: at first she denied it, but she soon owned she had taken the petticoat and gown, and had pawned them; and said, that she would go with me and fetch them, as they were in her own name. We took her before the justice the next morning; there she confessed she had taken the things. She went with me, and we had the gown delivered to us.

Sarah Nutall . I keep a clothes shop in Monmouth-street. I bought this gown of the prisoner about seven or eight weeks ago. ( Produced and deposed to.)

James Crookshanks . I am servant to Mr. Crafton, a pawnbroker in Silver-Street, Golden-square. On the 8th of August, the prisoner pledged this gown and petticoat to me for 11 s. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I leave it to the mercy of the Court. I took them with no other intent but to put them in their places again, but I could not do it.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Hall.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-33

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458. (M.) Thomas Hall was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 10 s. a cornelian seal set in silver, value 12 d. and a cloth coat and waistcoat, value 6 s. the property of Robert Smith , August 30 . ++

Robert Smith . I am a clerk to a proctor in the Commons . On the 30th of August I happened to be in Wapping , in company, and got so in liquor as to be intirely out of my senses. A man, I know not who, neither do I know where, offered me a part of a bed. I went with him to a house. I remember I pulled my coat and waistcoat off, and he knocked me down, and took my watch from me. I called after him, and said I would not lose it so. I ran out after him, and fell down in the mud. Then I went for my coat and waistcoat, but could not get in, as the door was fast. Being thus naked, I became cool upon it. I went and knocked up an acquaintance of mine in Wapping, and lay down there. I told him I had lost my coat, waistcoat, and watch. In the morning a gentleman came to me, and said he had got scent of my things. He took me to a public house, the Three Crowns, where was the prisoner. The prisoner said he was not the person who knocked me down, but he could send for the things. He sent a woman out, and she brought my coat and waistcoat. The next day we took him before the justice, who committed him; and the day after he was taken before the bench of justices in Whitechapel; from thence he was committed to Newgate. I have no recollection of the man that knocked me down.

Mary Davis . The prosecutor was drunk in a public-house in Wapping.

Q. Where do you live?

Davis. Where I can get a lodging.

Q. Where had you a lodging at that time?

Davis. I had no lodging at that time.

Q. How long have you lived in London?

Davis. I do not live in London.

Q. Where do you live?

Davis. I live any where.

Q. What countrywoman are you?

Davis. I was born in Ireland.

Q. What do you know of this affair?

Davis. As I was coming from London-bridge I met the prosecutor in Fenchurch-street, and we went together to a public-house in Wapping, where was the prisoner who offered the gentleman a bed. He took him out of the public house, and I followed them. As soon as he was in, and had pulled off his coat and waistcoat, and hung them on a chair, the prisoner gave him a clout on the head, knocked him down, and took his watch out of his pocket. The prisoner ran away, and the gentleman after him. I had a card out of the gentleman's pocket which I shewed to a person, and he read it: it was,

" George Purling , Hatter, No. 96,

" Shoe-lane." I went to Shoe-lane, and told the person that the prosecutor had been robbed of his watch.

George Spurling . Last Tursday morning this witness came with a card of mine to my house, and asked me whether I knew a short, thin young man, with such clothes, and his hair clubbed. I asked her her business with him; she said she wanted to see him. I asked if any accident had happened to him; then she told me he was in liquor one night, and she met him in Fenchurch-street, and took him down to Nightingale-lane, to a public-house; there they drank, and he being sleepy, a man told him, if he would go home with him, he should have a bed; that she followed, and as soon as he had pulled his coat and waistcoat off, and hung them on the back of a chair, that the man gave him a clout, took his watch out of his fob, and went out at the door with it: then he said he would not lose his watch so, that he went out after him, and tumbled down: then they shut the door upon him, and shut him out, with his coat and waistcoat in the inside, and he having lost the man, went to an acquaintance's house in a yard in Nightingale-lane. I sent to the prosecutor's office, and found he had not been there; then I went up into Leicester-fields to his landlord, but finding he had not been at home all night, I went with the woman. When I came there, she shewed me the door. I found a padlock upon it. The prisoner came down the alley at the time. She said, That is the man that knocked the gentleman down, and took his watch out of his pocket; and she would swear it. Upon that the prisoner turned back, and when he got to the corner of the alley, he ran. I pursued him up into Ratcliff-highway, where I was told he was gone up Saltpetre-bank. I ran, and then saw him straight before me, about two hundred yards from me. When I got near him, he turned round, and said, Is it me you mean? I replyed, Yes, my friend, the woman says you are the man. He said he was not. I took him to the Three Crowns in Ratcliff-highway, where I got assistance, and went to the house where the prosecutor was in bed. I told him, I understood he had been used ill; that I had my intelligence of it from a woman, and had got the man in hold. He then got up and went with me to give the prisoner in charge. The prisoner said, if he would forgive him, he would produce the coat, waistcoat, and watch, and begged for mercy. He sent a woman of his acquaintance out, and she brought the coat and waistcoat. We went after the watch, but that was handed away.

Prisoner's Defence.

Coming along I heard some disturbance about these clothes. I heard it mentioned where they were sold; they said there had been a robbery committed, but where and how I could not tell. Then this gentleman came, and asked me, and I told him the coat and waistcoat were brought. They told me if I would give them three guineas, they would make the affair up.

Prosecutor. The prisoner said, if he could not get the watch again, he would give me three guineas.

Guilty . T .

William Gadwell.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-34
VerdictNot Guilty

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459. William Gadwell was indicted for stealing a man's hat , the property of Nathaniel Elbourn , August 22 . ++

Acquitted .

6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-35

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460. (M.) JOHN ROBERTS was indicted for stealing three printed folio books in sheets, intitled, Atkins's Reports, value 15 s. the property of William Strahan and Mary Woodfall , widow, July 29 . ++

Mr. Richardson. I have the direction of the business of Mess. Strahan and Woodfall, printers . The prisoner was what we call warehouse-man ; he used to have the keys of the warehouse, and the management of the books. On the 28th of July I detected him in selling some waste paper, and on the Saturday, the day after, I desired him to deliver the keys up to me. On the Monday morning I was informed he had been seen to carry out a bundle of paper, and he ran so fast, that he was soon out of sight. I told him of it, he denied it, but at last owned he had taken a parcel, and that it was some of Atkins's Reports; but said they were rathe waste than otherwise (though that I knew to be false.) I got a warrant from Sir John Fielding ; but he was gone. I was informed in the evening he was at a public-house just by. I went for a constable to take him, then he was gone again; but in waiting half an hour he returnde. We then took him; he desired me to let him go till the morning, and he would bring the parcel back. I desired him to tell me where it was, and said I would make it easy. He would not. We then took him to Sir John Fielding 's; but he not being in the way, we lodged him in Covent-garden round-house. The next morning he told me he had left the parcel in Shire-lane, at the Goat, for one Brown, a book-binder, and before Sir John he owned the same. The Justice ordered the parcel to be brought there; it was brought; it was Atkin's Reports in sheets. (Three books in sheets produced in court.) Sir John ordered a warrant to apprehend Brown; he came; then there was a warrant to search his apartment, and he living in London, it was backed by my Lord Mayor. There was nothing found there, and Brown was discharged. These books in sheets are the property of William Strahan and Mary Woodfall , widow. There were several sheets mis-placed, that we should not find it out.

Edward Price . The prisoner brought these books, and left them at my house, desiring me to take care of them till Mr. Brown called for them. He had brought parcels to my house several times for me to take care of.

William Gander . I had a warrant to search for these things. I went according to the prisoner's directions and found them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took those books, and left them at Mr. Price's. It is common for the warehouse-man to have a copy for himself, when books run over. Suppose there are a thousand books ordered to be printed, sometimes it happens that there are fifteen over.

Q. Can you make it appear that these ran over?

Prisoner. No, I cannot.

Guilty . T .

Mary .
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-36
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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461. (M.) Mary, wife of Matthew, Jemeson was indicted for stealing a pair of men's pumps, value 12 d. the property of Archibald Straghan , August 31 . +

Guilty 10 d. W .

Matthew Crofts.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-37

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462. (L.) Matthew Crofts was indicted for stealing one wooden box covered with oil cloth, value 4 s. twenty yards of silk, value 6 l. twenty-five yards of gold lace, value 5 l. three yards and a half of woollen cloth, value 3 l. 10 s. one straw hat lined with silk, and trimmed with silk ribband, value 12 s. two yards of stuff, value 4 s. eighty-four gilt metal buttons, value 5 s. six hanks of silk, value 2 s. two ounces of thread, value 3 d. half a yard of buckram, value 2 s. the property of Norman M'Donald , July 15 . ++

Norman M'Donald. On the fifteenth of July I employed the prisoner to carry a box, in which were the things laid in the indictment (mentioning them) from Portland-street to Wapping. I picked him up in Tyburn-road, and asked him if he was a porter; he said, Yes. When he took it up, he said, You must pay me, for you will not meet me at Wapping. I gave him a direction, when by St. Anne's church, to carry it to Hore's wharf, Wapping, and ask for the first Inverness smack I said, You must not deliver the box to any body. Upon reflection, I did not think it safe to leave him. This gave me an opportunity of looking at him. When we came to Fish-street hill , I was before him, and he directed me down the hill. I and my friend walked on, and when we were got a few yards into Thames-street, I looked back, but could not see him; then we concluded he was gone the nearest way to Tower-hill, but we could not find him. I went to the wharf, but he had not been there with the box. I had the box and goods described in an advertisement on the Monday. On the 17th of August I met the prisoner in Watling-street, at the corner of Bread-street. I seized him, charged a constable with him, and sent him that night to Wood-street Compter. I asked him what he had done with my box; he said he did not know any thing of my box, but turned as pale as death. The next day I carried him before my Lord Mayor, where he was examined. He would not own to the fact. There was his master, whom he worked for. My lord said to the prisoner, If you will not tell where your lodgings are, here is one that will; so the prisoner told us. My lord granted a warrant to search his lodgings. I went with the constable. There I found some of the gold lace, and the oil cloth that covered the box, with my hand writing upon it, and some buttons and thread, silk, buckram, and lining. These were furniture for a riding habit: they were all rolled up in the buckram. (The oil cloth and lace produced. Upon the oil cloth was the letter M. and a number wrote by the prosecutor.) I asked the prisoner what he had done with the rest of the things; he said part of the goods he had left with a wheelwright in Swan-alley for a debt; the silk he told me he had sent to Leeds in Yorkshire, to one Thomas Tukes , so that I have not got it again.

Thomas Rothwell . I went with a search-warrant, and found these things in a box in the prisoner's lodging.

Prisoner's Defence.

I cannot say that ever I saw the prosecutor before he took me. I cannot tell where I got the things that they found in my box. They ran away from me, I looked after them, and staid a great while, but could not find them. I thought they put the sharp upon me. I had no intentions at all upon them. I could not tell where the goods were to be carried, nor nothing about them.

To his Character.

Robert Park. I am a carman, and live upon Snow-hill. I am obliged to keep two men to take orders, and give directions to the men. The prisoner was one of them. He attended in Bread-street.

Q. Do you know how he came in Tyburn-road that day?

Park. I sent him with a gentleman's box as far as the Hog in the Pound in Oxford Road. While he was with me, I found him very faithful.

John Griffin . I have known him about two years. He lodged at my house. I always thought him a very honest man.

Guilty . T .

Rachael Dinder.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-38

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463. (L.) Rachael, wife of William, Dinder was indicted for stealing six yards of linen cloth, value 30 s. the property of Josephus Smith , August 29 . *

Josephus Smith. I keep a linen-draper's shop in Fleet-street . On Tuesday, the 29th of August, the prisoner came into my shop, under pretence of buying some muslin for neckcloths; before I had an opportunity of shewing her some, she put her cloak on the counter upon a piece of cloth, and got it into her possession. I did not attempt to detect her till she got to the door. I privately told my man what she had got. When she went out, he followed her. She was not got above thirty-yards before he brought her back. As soon as she got to the shop door, I threw back her cloak, and took the piece of lawn from under her arm; then I charged her with stealing it. She asked me what I meant by charging her; but she soon acknowledged she had taken it, and begged I would take no notice of it. (The price produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I came from Fulham, and wanted to go back in the stage. I made a bargain for a neckcloth, and I told him I had lost my money in a public-house, and instead of the neckcloth, I took that. He said he had had a great many losses, and he would lay all his revenge upon me.

She called Isaac Freeman and William Oakly , who said they never heard any ill of her.

Guilty . T .

Samuel Bailey.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-39
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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464. (L.) Samuel Bailey was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Samuel Slater , on the 27th of June, about the hour of one in the night, and stealing a gold watch, value 5 l. a metal watch, with the outside case covered with fish-skin, with a cornelian seal set in gold, value 10 s. a pair of paste sleeve-buttons set in silver, value 5 s. the property of the said Samuel, in his dwelling house , June 27 . *

Samuel Slater . I am a pawnbroker , and live in Shoe-lane . On the 27th of June, in the night, my window shutter was cut, a pane of glass broke, and the goods laid in the indictment taken out of the window. I was called up about two, or half an hour after. I missed divers other things that are not put in the indictment. I found the things in the indictment at Mr. Curtois's.

Mr. Curtois. I am a pawnbroker, and live in Houndsditch. On the 17th of July the accomplice, Philip Backwell , brought this metal watch, and wanted some money upon it; from his appearance I was scrupulous about lending him any thing upon it. He said it was left him by an aunt with many other things, besides 30 l. a year. I looked in a book, in which we enter every watch that is advertised, with name and number, and not finding such advertised, I lent him 27 s. upon it.

Q. Did you know him before?

Curtois. I had seen him once before about twelve months ago. On the Friday following he brought me a gold watch; then I thought it looked very suspicious. He told me that was left him by the same person. I looked in my book, and found such a one advertised as stolen from Mr. Slater. The seal was likewise described. I went round the counter and seized him. He looked very much confused. Then he declared he had it of a man that was waiting just by for the money. I said he must find that man, or I should have him before a magistrate. I got a constable. Then the prisoner went with us to a public-house, where he said the man was drinking, in Bishopsgate church yard. I bid him go up to the man, when we got near the house; he accordingly went up to the prisoner, who was sitting drinking at the door. I asked Backwell if that was the man; he said it was. We took them both into a little room in the house, where the constable searched them. Upon Backwell was found a pair of paste sleeve-buttons, as mentioned in the indictment, and some other trifling things, and we found a few odd trifles on the prisoner; but the prosecutor did not own any of the things found upon the prisoner. I got them into the coach, and sent them to the Compter, and the next morning to the Mansion-house before my Lord mayor. There the prisoner acknowledged giving the watches to Backwell to make money of: he likewise told my Lord-mayor the same story that Backwell had told me, that they were left him (the prisoner)

by an aunt, in the same manner. My Lord committed the prisoner to Newgate, and took bail for Backwell, in order to give evidence against the prisoner here. (The watch produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Backwell was not examined.

Prisoner's Defence.

Backwell had the watches of me to pawn, I being out of money I had the watches of a captain near the Tower, who said he was going over to Germany, to his family, and he would sell them to me cheap: this was about the middle of July. I looked at them. I had an old silver watch of my own, that was my father's; he said he would take that in exchange, which he did, and I gave him three guineas and a half; he gave me in two or three trifling things, as a pair of sleeve buttons, and a ring. I never saw him in my life before.

Guilty of felony only . T .

George Frazer.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-40
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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465. (L.) George Frazer was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of William Harffly , July 10 . *

William Harffly . I live at the corner of Hart-Street, near Jame's-Street, Covent-Garden. I am an apothecary . On the 10th of July I was going to the Post-Office, about a quarter after ten at night, when two men past me. John Crosby came up, and told me one of them had picked my pocket. I took one of them by the collar, which was the prisoner. I was told he had delivered my handkerchief to the other, who went away up Birchin-Lane. The prisoner was searched, but nothing found upon him.

John Crosby . On the 10th of July, I went to spend the evening at my mother's, and coming home down Lombard-Street , I saw the gentleman coming, and two persons following. I saw the prisoner take a handkerchief from the prosecutor's pocket, and give it to the other, and the other ran away as fast as he could. I had watched them three or four minutes, and saw them attempt it before. The other saw me tell the prosecutor, which made him run off.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going to the Post-Office, to deliver a letter, when the gentleman laid hold of me, and said I had his handkerchief. He felt all over me. I know no more of it than the dead. There was no person with me.

J. Crosby. The prisoner told us the name of the other, and where they used to go about of nights, and said he would tell where he lived, if we would forgive him.

Guilty 10 d. T .

John Moon.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-41
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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466. (L.) John Moon was indicted for stealing eleven pounds weight of iron, value 2 s. the property of John Dowley , July 20 . +

John Dowley . I am a mill-maker , and the prisoner was my journeyman . He used to go to breakfast into King's Head Court, where a butcher's boy found some iron, new and old, in a hole as he went thorough the court, and carried it to a smith in Tower Street for sale. He was stopped, and then told where he got it. The smith, whose name is Wells, came and told me of it. I then took a piece of the iron, and went into a shop opposite to the hole which was in the court; where I staid till dinner time: then the prisoner came and put his arm into the hole, to feel for the iron. I went over to him with the iron in my hand, and said, Here, sir, this is the iron you are looking for. He fell into a great passion, and said he never put any iron there. I took him by the collar, and brought him to my shop; he wanted to go into the cellar to ease himself, but I refused him. We had then a struggle, and he got out of my hands. I discovered some iron he had upon him, about four pounds and a half. He was but a very poor workman, but I was obliged to keep him, on account of his being a freeman, as he would not let me take another, and I had never an apprentice. (The iron produced in two parcels, that found in the hole, and that upon him.) This found upon him, I took from him; it was stuck in his breeches, with his apron over it. The prisoner begged for mercy, and confessed he took all that iron out of my shop. I can swear to the greatest part of the iron.

William Harvey . I am a journeyman to the prosecutor. When the prisoner was gone to dinner, a little after one o'clock, on the 20th of July, I saw him return, and my master with him, holding him by the flap of his coat. My master said, Fetch a constable. My master then asked him how he could be such a villain as to rob him of that iron; he said he had not robbed him of any more; he wanted to go down into the cellar to ease himself, but my master would not let him. I saw my master take two pieces of iron; they were tied together, and put down in his breeches; about four pounds and a half of it. He confessed he had taken eleven pounds in the whole, and begged for mercy.

The prisoner said he took it to do a job for himself.

Prisoner's Defence.

I owned to the four pounds found upon me, and no more. I had a wife and two children in the hospital, and this iron I intended to make a trevet for a Dutch stove.

He called Richard Dunthorn , Thomas Swain , Stephen Swain , John Deal , and Eleanor Elicote , who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing four pounds and a half . W .

Henry Jones.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-42
VerdictNot Guilty

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467. (M.) Henry Jones was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. the property of Elizabeth Allen , spinster, August 27 . +

It appeared that the prisoner, the prosecutrix, Martha Lawley , and Sarah Silk , had connections together; the affair seemed to arise from a fit of jealousy; the prisoner, whom she called a general lover, she thought had a greater regrd for Sarah Silk than for her, and therefore she brought this charge against him.

Acquitted .

See Elizabeth Allen tried, No. 330. in this mayoralty.

William Doughty.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-43
VerdictNot Guilty

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468. (M.) William Doughty was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 4 s. the property of Paul Glenton , July 26 . ++

Paul Glenton . I lost the spoon at the time of the fire, on the 26th of July, in Charles-Street, St. James's Square , and the spoon was found upon the prisoner. I have inquired, and find he has an excellent character, and I have no other circumstances to prove he stole it.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Harper.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-44
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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469. (M.) Elizabeth Harper , spinster, was indicted for stealing two linen shirts, value 28 s. one linen table cloth, value 10 s. two linen handkerchiefs, value 8 s. one neckcloth, value 2 s. and two linen aprons, value 6 s. the property of Thomas Turner , August 29 .

The prosecutor was called, but did not appear.

Acquitted .

Edward Melon.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-45

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470. (M.) Edward Melon was indicted for stealing a silver spoon, value 4 s. the property of George Burgell , gent . August 21 , ++

Phebe Brooks . I live with Captain Burgell. We lost a silver table spoon, the 21st of August, out of the kitchen; but did not miss it till the pawnbroker brought it, which was the same day. The prisoner is servant to the gentleman that keeps the house, and my master is a lodger there.

John Jason . I am a pawnbroker in Bird-Street, Oxford Road. The prisoner came to my shop, and offered this spoon to sale on the 21st of August, in the morning. I told him the arms or name had been scratched out, and asked him how he came by it; he said he found it upon a dust-hill, in Mary-le-bone, near the place where I live. I asked him who had erased the mark out; he said that was done by a man that belongs to one Mr. Ward. I said I would go to that man; he did not agree to that, but said he would go and bring the owner. I asked him who he lived with; he said his master's name was Quin, and that he lived in Piccadilly. I took him to Sir John Fielding's, but Sir John was not at home; then the prisoner told me Mr. Burgell was the owner of the spoon. We sent for Mrs. Brooks, and she said it was her master's property. The prisoner is about seventeen or eighteen year old.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found it in the dust hole.

He called Elizabeth Holdworth , with whom he had lived as servant, and John Nevil , with whom he had lodged, who said he behaved well with them.

Guilty . T .

John Scott.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-46

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471. (M.) John Scott , otherwise Piggot , was indicted for stealing two silver-handle table knives, value 10 s. and three silver-handle forks, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Panton , Esq ; July 7 . ++

Mr. White. I am a servant to the prosecutor. I was not at home when the robery was committed. On the 7th of July, Mr. Barear came and asked if we had lost a fork; I went down and looked, and missed two knives and three forks. He brought the prisoner with him. He was searched, and two knives and two forks were found upon him. I never saw the prisoner before that time to my knowledge. We took him before the Justice, and he was committed.

Abraham Barear . I am foreman to a silversmith. The prisoner brought this fork to our

shop to sell, he said it belonged to the Duke of Beaufort, and the porter gave it him, either to sell or pawn, and bring him back the money. ( The knives and forks produced, and deposed to as the prosecutor's property.)

Edward Hall . I am the keeper of Clerkenwell Bridewell. I was at Mr. Welch's office when the prisoner was brought in. I went with him to Mr. Panton's, as he said he had the fork there; he was searched there, and two knives and two forks were taken out of his pocket; he owned he took them out of a room below stairs.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been haymaking, and coming out of the country I met a woman, named Mary Thompson , who gave me those things to sell for her, and when they took hold of me, she ran away, and I never saw her from that day to this.

Guilty . T .

Golden Boosey.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-47

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472. (M.) Golden Boosey, otherwise Golden Benad , was indicted for stealing a long plane, value 18 d. one trying plane, value 12 d. one jack-plane, two smoothing planes, one oil stone, seven chissels, two squares, a pair of compasses, and two brad awls , the property of George Pastell , August 24 . ++

George Pastell . I am a carpenter . I missed the tools mentioned in the indictment from a house where I was at work at Hoxton. On the 25th of August, in the morning, they were stopt by Thomas Pickering , a broker, in Tyburn-road. I never saw the prisoner till he was brought to me with the tools.

Thomas Pickering . I keep a broker's shop, next door to St. Giles's church. The prisoner at the bar brought these tools to me to sell, on the 24th of August, about eight o'clock in the morning, and declared he lived in Clerkenwell. I said, I must go with you to your lodgings, and if I find they are your property, I will buy them. He did not agree to go with me; then I got a warrant from Justice Welch. There he confessed he had them from a building at Hoxton . I took them there, and the prosecutor owned them. He was then committed, and owned to several tools he had stole, which were in his lodgings, where we found them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought them of a man, but I cannot tell where, neither do I know the man. I am a carpenter .

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him for stealing a parcel of tools, the property of Henry Wilson .

Mary Long.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-48
VerdictNot Guilty

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473. (M.) Mary Long , spinster, was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 2 s. the property of Sarah Angelthorp , spinster, in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c. August 30 . ++

Acquitted .

Sarah , Henry .
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-49

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474. (M.) Sarah, wife of Henry, Gibbard , otherwise Mary Jones , spinster, was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 9 s. and a silver tea spoon, value 12 d. the property of Thomas Cook , May 29 . ++

Thomas Cook . I am a victualler , and live in the Broad-way, Westminster . I employed the prisoner, as the chair-woman , three different times. I losing a table spoon, and a tea spoon, and the prisoner being taken in custody, by one Medley, for stealing a spoon from him, upon his examining her things there was a pawnbroker's ticket found of a silver spoon pawned for 9 s. that ticket was delivered to me, so I went to the pawnbroker, and found my table spoon, and after that my tea spoon.

Richard Renshaw . I am a pawnbroker. This table spoon was pawned to me by the prisoner, the 23d of May, and the tea spoon the 12th of May. ( Produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor. Marked T. C. M.)

Prisoner's Defence.

The spoons that I pawned are not Mr. Cook's spoons, for I pawned them for a gentlewoman from Portsmouth; her husband's name was Thomas Clark , and her name was Mary Jones .

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against her.

Mary Gill.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-50

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475. (M.) Mary Gill , spinster, was indicted for stealing three remnants of linen cloth, containing ten yards, five table cloths, a cloth cardinal, and a silk cardinal , the property of Martha King , widow, July 13 . ++

Martha King . I am a victualler , and live in Gravel-lane . The prisoner lived servant with me about eight months. I was not in town at

the time these things were lost; but coming to town the 13th of July, and missing the things mentioned, I suspected her, and challenged her with taking them. She stiffly denied it, but the next morning I had a warrant of suspicion. After it was served upon her, she owned to the taking of them, and that she had tied them up in a table cloth, and delivered them to a sailor, an acquaintance of hers. We never could find him, and have never got the things again. I took her before Justice Russel; she confessed the same there. I mentioned them to her separately, and she owned to them all.

Thomas Parker . I heard her confess the same before Justice Russel. She ran away once, and I took her again at Poplar. She said she delivered the things to Thomas Bly , of the Red-head Galley, who, she said, had promised to marry her. This Thomas Bly was gone down to Gravesend, and we could not come at him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have nothing to say:

Guilty . T .

John Hinemarsh.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-51

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476. (M.) John Hinemarsh was indicted for stealing a black gelding, value 8 l. the property of Jonathan Cock , August 28 . *

Jonathan Cock . I am a farmer at Hadley, adjoining to Enfield-Chase . I lost a black gelding the 28th of August, from a field in the Chase, called Millbottom. I had intelligence of him the next evening, he being stopped in the Borough. I went there, and found him in Mr. Galamore's Repository. He was marked E. Y. on the two fore hoofs. He was seen the night before at Millbottom.

John Barker . I live with Mr. Galamore. On the 28th of August, in the morning, between five and six o'clock, the prisoner brought a black gelding to my master's Repository. He was marked E. Y. on the two fore hoofs, and also the Chase mark, which is a round circle, with the letter H. in it. The prisoner came two or three times in the afternoon, and ordered the horse to be sold, and booked him in the name of John Jackson , of Edmonton. The next day Mr. Cock came and owned him. The prisoner was taken up, and put into the New Gaol, on suspicion, before Mr. Cock came. He had offered him for 4 l. to a gentleman, which was much under the value.

Prosecutor. I saw the prisoner in the New Gaol. I asked him how he came to steal my horse; he said one John Brown brought the horse to him.

Christopher Galamore . My gate was shut when the prisoner came between five and six in the morning, and I saw him let in. After that I said to him, Is that horse to be sold? He said, Yes. I said, Where do you bring him from? He said, From the Crosskeys at Edmonton. I said, How old is he? He said, Four years old. I looked in his mouth, and found he was but three. About four o'clock he came into the yard again, when he saw a mare, and said, That is a very pretty mare. Said he, Can you tell me what mine is worth? The horse was brought out. I said, He is put up to be sold to the best bidder. He was put up at 4 l. I looked round, but did not see the prisoner. I said, Will any man give nine guineas for him? After that a gentleman came to me, and said, Book the young man's horse (meaning the prisoner) to me, I have bought him. I said, What did you buy him for? He said he bought him for 4 l. I said, I will not book him, for I think he is stolen: he is worth double the money. The prisoner turned pale. I took him before the Justice, and he was committed to the New Gaol. On the Wednesday he was examined at St. Margaret's Hill; there he said a blacksmith's apprentice brought the horse to him in a lane.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have not got my friends by me just now. I am innocent of the affair. I brought this horse to Mr. Galamore, because I had been there before. The horse was brought to me by a young man, a blacksmith's apprentice, named, Ray.

Prosecutor. Ray is in Court, if you choose to call him.

Prisoner. I do not choose to call him. I come from Cumberland, and lodged at the house of Mr. Bell, by the Chase side.

To his Character.

Mr. Bell. I knew the prisoner's parents, and I have known him seven or eight years. I never knew any thing of his character, but that of a very good one. He lodged with me. He came from Whippington, near Sir Walter Blacket's; he is a taylor by trade.

Joseph Story . I live in Gunpowder-Alley, Shoe-Lane. I have known him about three years. I have been several times at Mr. Bell's,

and have found him there. I always heard he had a good character.

Michael Brown . I deal in coals by Fleetditch. I have known him about three years. I knew him at Mr. Bell's. He used to come with Mr. Bell's son for coals. I always looked upon him to be an inoffensive young lad. I should have thought money, untold, was safe in his hands.

John Free . I am a peruke-maker, and live in Broad-street. I have known him three years and a half. I have seen him when I was at Mr. Bell's. I always looked upon him as a very honest, sober, industrious man.

Guilty . Death .

James Bannan.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-52
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment

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477. (M.) James Bannan was indicted for the wilful murder of Mary his wife ; he also stood charged on the Coroner's Inquest for the said murder, July 30 . +

Frances Turner . I have known the prisoner and the deceased three years: he was a porter , and she a milkwoman . They did not live happy together, for she was apt to drink. I live next door but one to where they lived. I have seen him ill treat her several times.

Q. In what manner?

F. Turner. I have seen him beat her. On Sunday the 30th of July, about ten o'clock in the morning, I heard a noise, and I went out to his door, and saw him knock her down in the passage with his hand: I cannot say whether it was open or not. I went home, and in about five minutes after she came out in a very bloody condition, and sat under my window. The blood issued out from under her left eye, and she cryed. Elizabeth Dodd and I washed her, and got her into the house.

Q. What sort of a wound was it?

F. Turner. The wound was not very large. I cannot say what it seemed to be given with. The blow was under her eye, and her eye was black presently. We put a piece of raw beef to it, to prevent the blackness. She staid no longer than she had the beef put to it, and her maid bound it on. She then went out of my place. I saw her no more till about half an hour past twelve. Then her maid came and desired I would go to her mistress's house, to see what money she had in her pocket. I went, and her husband bid her give Mrs. Turner what money she had. She said she would, but he should not see it. He bid her give it me immediately, but she did not. He knocked her down by a blow on the left side of her head, and she fell on her right side. This was with his fist. Her fall knocked my child, which followed me, into the fire-place. When she was down, he kicked her in the face, and several parts of her body, and called her b - h and w - e, and a great many names. I saw him kick her in the belly, but I do not know how many times.

Q. Was she drunk or sober?

F. Turner. She was sober, to the best of my knowledge. He then swore he would see her heart. She said, Jemmy, you will kill, or have killed me, I am not certain which.

Q. Had she given him any other provocation, besides that of refusing to give you the money?

F. Turner. She had not given him any other, nor no ill language. I was frighted at my child's falling, so I took her up and got away. I never saw her afterwards, till I saw her dead.

Q. Was she subject to fits?

F. Turner. I never knew that she was. What he did, was with his feet and fist.

Q. Had she her clothes on?

F. Turner. She had.

Q. Did he stamp upon her?

F. Turner. I did not see him stamp upon her. I left her upon the ground. I commonly saw her two or three times a day. She had not been in liquor, to the best of my knowledge, for a fortnight before.

Q. Did you ever see her strike him?

F. Turner. No, I never did, to my knowledge.

Elizabeth Dodd . I lodged in the prisoner's house. When I came down stairs, which might be about a quarter after ten. I did not hear any noise. I went directly to Mrs. Turner's, and returned in about a quarter of an hour; then I heard her cry out. Whether she said he would murder her, or cried out for help, I do not know. I went immediately to her window, there was none but those two in the house, where I saw he had her by the hair, beating her head against the ground, or bedstead, I know not which. I said, Have you a mind to kill your wife? Then he loosed her. She came out immediately, and sat under Mrs. Turner's window, all of a gore blood. I held a bason, while Mrs. Turner washed her face. I observed a wound under her left eye. After she was washed, she went in again; then I went out, and never saw her till after she was dead.

Q. How long have you lodged in the prisoner's house?

E. Dodd. About four or five months.

Q. Had they used often to fight together?

E. Dodd. They did. They did not live happy the time I lived there.

Q. Did she strike him?

E. Dodd. I cannot say I ever saw her strike him. She used frequently to have a black face.

Q. Did you ever see him with a black face?

E. Dodd. No, I never did.

Q. Was she a strong woman?

E. Dodd. She was a very strong, hearty woman. For a fortnight before, to the best of my knowledge, she came home very sober. She used, at times, to get in liquor.

Q. Some people are quarrelsome, and some otherwise, how was she when in liquor?

E. Dodd. Very peaceable with her neighbours.

Thomas Dodd . I am husband to the last evidence. I lodged in the prisoner's house, and am a lathrender. When they were sober, they lived well enough, but when she was drunk, they did not; and they might be both drunk sometimes.

Q. Had they use to fight?

T. Dodd. They did.

Q. Which do you think had the best of it?

T. Dodd. I believe the man had of the two. On the 30th of July I lay in bed till almost ten o'clock, and when I came down they were quarreling and making a noise. They were not fighting, but I suppose he had been beating her. I went through the passage, and went out about my business. I saw nothing more that day.

Q. What did he generally beat her with?

T. Dodd. He generally beat her with his hands. I never saw him use any thing but his hands. When they were both sober, they lived tolerably civil together. I never saw her strike, only struggle.

Q. Then what do you mean by fighting?

T. Dodd. He struck her. She might strike him for what I know. The woman was a very industrious woman, and always at work, either drunk or sober.

Q. What was the prisoner's business?

T. Dodd. He used to go to Covent-garden market to carry loads.

Sarah Bliss . I live in Berwick-court. On Sunday the 30th of July, I think between three and four in the afternoon, I saw the prisoner come in with his hands on his wife's shoulders, at the upper end of the Court, to suppor her, she having the yoak and pails on her shoulders with milk in them. It appeared she could not very well walk, and she seemed like in a dying condition. They were going to Mrs. Jones's, where I live. He brought her in at the door, and he laid her down on the bed in the fore-parlour. She said, Mrs. Bliss, come and speak to me. I went to her. She said, Put your hand into my bosom. I did, and found her of a cold sweat. I said, Mary, has your husband beat you to-day? because I knew he used to beat her. She said, He has beat me, has stamped upon me, and he has killed me to-day. The prisoner said, Mary, shall I sell the milk? She said, Yes. He went out; then I called him back, and said, You have killed your wife to-day, and you shall not go, for she is dying. He came back; then he went for an apothecary, but was stopt, and I sent a boy. She did not lie above a quarter of an hour. I said to Mrs. Jones, Mary is dying; do not let her die upon the bed. She was taken from the bed, and set on a chair near the door. Her husband brought her in his arms. An apothecary came, who bled her at the door, and I pulled the ribbon from my head to tie her arm up. I believe she might live an hour and a half, or two hours, after.

Q. Did she speak after?

S. Bliss. I heard her say, after she was bleeding, Let me go home and die. The prisoner took her up in his arms and carried her two or three doors farther in the court. She was set upon a chair, and there she died. I saw a great many bruises. I saw a place under her throat, that seemed to have been nipped; it was black and blue, and as big as a five-shilling piece. I saw also another near her left temple. There was likewise a little hole where a little singer might be put in, and the blood ran out of it. The prisoner fetched a pennyworth of beer, and went to give her some, but she could not take it. There was a coach came, then the beadle and another man took her out of the court. The prisoner staid by her till after she was dead, when they took him to the round-house.

Q. Have you seen her in liquor lately?

S. Bliss. I have seen her in liquor, but not lately; for the last fortnight or three weeks she came home at her time to a quarter of an hour.

Q. Did you say before the coroner, you saw her child move in her belly?

S. Bliss. I saw a working and heaving in her belly, so I thought she was with child.

Q. Was she in liquor the day she died?

S. Bliss. No, she was not. She did not smell of liquor.

Barbara Aston . I lived servant with the prisoner. On Sunday, the 30th of July, his wife desired I would send him to meet her, to help her home with her milk. He said he could not go. She came home in a very great passion, and aggravated him to strike her; that began the first fray. It being a usual thing, I took no notice of it. That was the time she got the blow on her temple. I did not see it given, because I had the child. I tied up her head with a handkerchief at Mrs. Turner's window. She came in again, and my master was then out. She went to her chest and took out the money; he was afraid she would spend it, so he came in, and insisted on seeing it, when blows began again.

Q. Did she give any blows?

B. Aston. She would if she could. I said, Will you trust me to see the money? she said, No. Then I went and called Mrs. Turner to be a witness. She fell down, when Mrs. Turner's child was at the fire-place; but I cannot say whether he knocked her down or not: he kicked her on her side two or three times, and beat her over her head.

Q. Were the kicks violent or not?

B. Aston. I cannot say, because I did not feel them.

Q. How long was she down, receiving those kicks?

B. Aston. It might be a quarter of an hour, or twenty minutes. The whole beating continued about that time. She might be that time, or more, upon the ground. He got the money from her about ten minutes after she was upon the ground. She endeavoured to prevent him from getting the money, by keeping her hands close.

Q. How came you to let him beat her?

B. Aston. I could not help it. If I had happened to get a blow, it would have knocked my old carcase to pieces.

Q. Did she attempt to fight again?

B. Aston. She had no strength; she fell over the chairs, or something or other, a great many times.

Q. Will you say, upon your oath, she attempted to strike her husband that day?

B. Aston. I believe she did, as near as I remember, after the kicking and beating on the floor.

Q. During the first beating did she?

B. Aston. No, she did not attempt to strike at all then.

Q. Was she sober?

B. Aston. She was pretty well. She could go about her business.

Q. Was Mrs. Turner in the house at the time of his kicking and beating?

B. Aston. She was.

Q. Did you hear such an expression as this, That he would see the heart of her?

B. Aston. I do not remember that. God help me, it might be said, and I not mind it.

Q. Did you hear her say, Jemmy, you have killed me, or you will kill me?

B. Aston. I have heard her say so, but do not remember I heard it then.

John Foot . I am a surgeon. I was sent for the 2d of August, to see the body of the deceased. Upon examining the body, I found several external marks of violence; one on the right side of her belly, another on her right arm, and another on her left. The body was putrid, and the face quite black. I imagine the blackness of the face was owing to her having been so long dead.

Q. What do you imagine the mark on the right side might proceed from?

Mr. Foot. It might proceed from blows, or the putridness of the body. There was a small puncture on the right groin, through the skin and fat, above half an inch deep. I opened the body, and found in the cavity of the belly a large quantity of extravasated blood; some in a coagulated state, and some in a fluid state; which must proceed from some external violence, or from the rupture of some vessel.

Q. Might it proceed from blows or kicks on the out-side?

Mr. Foot. Undoubtedly it might. The rest of the viscera was all in a sound state. The whole contents of the belly appeared to be in a sound state. We then proceeded to open the head, which was quite found.

Q. Upon the whole, what in your opinion was the cause of her death?

Mr. Foot. Upon the whole, my opinion is, that her death was owing to the extravasation

of blood, which might happen by some external violence. The body seemed to be exceedingly in health.

Q. As she had been three days dead, might not her agonies and struggling in her last moments break some of the vessels, and occasion that extravasation?

Mr. Foot. It is possible, but not probable.

Q. Can you form a judgment whether this was occasioned by a fall, or a violent blow?

Mr. Foot. I have no criterion to judge, whether the breaking the vessel was occasioned by a fall, or a violent blow.

Q. Did you observe whether the deceased was with child or not?

Mr. Foot. She was not with child.

Mr. Spence. I was with Mr. Foot in inspecting the body of the deceased. There were many parts of the body where I suspected there had been bruises, but I could hardly distinguish them, from the body being putrid. There was a place on the right side, that I am satisfied proceeded from the external violence of a blow or a fall. The extravasation I imagine to be the cause of her death, which might be by a fall against any hard substance, as well as by a blow.

Q. Was she with child?

Mr. Spence. She was not.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went out, and met my wife coming home that day about eleven o'clock; I had the child in my arms. She asked me, why I did not follow her and help her home with the milk; My dear, I said, the child is cross, and I thought you would scold me among the customers, and I did not choose to be scolded. When she came up to me at the door, Give me the child, said she. I said, Perhaps you will hurt the child. She said, What is that to you? it is none of your child. Mary, said I, if you was sober, you would not say so. I do not care, drunk or sober, said she, I have got somebody to go to, besides you. I delivered the child to her, and then she tore the shirt off my back. Mary, I said, I will go to prayers; here is half a guinea for you to make you quiet and easy; and, if you do not be quiet, the lodgers will not pay me any money to-day. They most commonly paid every Sunday. She took the child, and went to a public-house, but she got no liquor there, because she was drunk; then she went to another, and had a glass of gin there; and she then made towards home. I was afraid she would drop the child. (She had once before dropped it in the street, and I picked it up.) When she came to Hanover Yard, she laid the child down by an apple woman; I followed her, and took care of the child, which was all I minded. I took the child up, and carried it home. Where did you get that child? said she. I said, from an applewoman. She said, It was not my child. I have taken all the money out of the box, said she, and shall not come home till next week. Then we had words. She would have the child. I said, Perhaps you will drop the child, and kill it. She said, I don't care, it is none of your's. (This was between twelve and one o'clock.) She struck me on one side of my head. It vexed me, to be sure. Then she told me to give her the child. I said, To make every thing easy, I will give you the child. What do you strike me for, Mary? I gave her the child, went out, and advised her to go to bed, and get sober. She told me she would do as she pleased. She would go out and spend five pounds before she came home. About two months before, she took seven pounds from me, all in silver, and staid out three days and three nights. I never could find her till she came home in a coach. I was obliged to give the coachman two shillings. She has been drunk three weeks together before that. She told me she would bring a broker, and sell all the things in the house, and put the money in her pocket to spend; adding, she had others to go to besides me.

For the Prisoner.

Matthew Murphy . I live at the Ship, a public-house in St. Giles's. I have known the prisoner eighteen years. His wife came to my house the 30th of July, in a very drunken condition, and asked for a pint of twopenny. I looked at her, and said, Mary, I think you have got a little too much already, and I would not have you get any more; I will serve you no more. There was Michael Delany , and Richard Delany , saw her within five minutes the same day. I have seen her tearing her husband's shirt off his back several times; I have seen her strike him, and scratch his face. When I would not serve her, she went to the Two Brewers, in the same street, and had a quartern of gin. She had her baby under her arms, and I was afraid she would drop it. I never heard of any misbehaviour in regard to the prisoner in my life; he was always good-natur'd, and quite tender of her, when she has been in liquor; but she was always for the

gin way. As she came by my door again, she fell to scolding my wife, and said, God d - n you, you would not serve me, tho' you will serve Jemmy; but I will get beer at another place, and make Jemmy pay for it. She said she would have my licence taken from me. This was the day she died.

Q. Are you a-kin to the prisoner?

M. Murphy. I married his sister.

Bridget Delaney . I have known the deceased thirteen years. She came to my house very much in liquor the same day, between ten and eleven o'clock; she had her child upon her arm. She said she had been at her sister-in-laws, and said, if Jemmy calls for twenty pots of beer, they will draw it for him, but they will not let me have any. My daughter gave her a dram of gin. I said, Mary, sit down, and have some tea. No, said she, I will have no tea. I replied, Do, Mary, my dear, have some tea, and go and lie down on my bed, for you are in liquor, and perhaps, by so doing, Jemmy will not discover it. No, said she, I will not, for I have an old woman at home, perhaps she will sell my milk. I wanted to take the child, but she would not let me. She went away, and I followed her as far as Mr. Murphy's door; there she fell to scolding Mrs. Murphy, and calling her names. She went away, and I saw no more of her till about five o'clock, when I was inform'd she was dead. I ran to her house, and saw her sitting in a chair dead.

Michael Delaney . I live in Banbury Street, and sell fruit. I knew the prisoner's wife well; she used to be very much disguised with liquor. She came to my brother's between nine and ten that day, and wanted liquor. My brother said, Go out, I will draw you no liquor.

Q. Who is your brother?

M. Delaney Mr. Murphy is. She then went to another house, and had a quartern of gin. My mother wanted her to drink tea, and lie down on the bed, but she would not. Her husband would strike her, to be sure, but I never saw him give her a blow to hurt her before this time.

Martin Noland , a milkman; William Jackson the elder, and William Jackson the younger, two sawyers; Charles Warren , a peruke-maker; William Grace , a poulterer and butterman; and Edward Goodridge ; the two last had employed him as a porter; they all said they knew no ill of him.

Guilty of manslaughter . B . Imp .

Abraham Peters.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-53
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty

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478. (L.) Abraham Peters was indicted for stealing ten yards of woollen cloth, value 7 l. the property of John Phipps , privately in the shop of the said John , August 16 . *

John Phipps . I am a woollen-draper , and live on Ludgate Hill . I had ten yards of superfine raven-gray cloth taken out of my shop. The prisoner was taken in robbing me a second time, when he then confessed to the taking this piece. I have nothing to say against him for this offence, but his own confession. I then looked over my goods, and found the pieces missing. After he was committed, he sent for me, and gave me a particular account of this among many other robberies which he had committed. He wanted me to get him admitted an evidence against several of his companions, but I made him no promise at all.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop .

(L.) He was a second time indicted for stealin a piece of crimson superfine cloth, containing eighteen yards, value 15 l. the property of John Phipps , privately in the shop of the said John , August 16 . *

John Phipps . I was not at the shop at the time the cloth was taken. I can only swear it is my property,

James Dodemead . I am servant to Mr. Phipps, woollen draper on Ludgate Hill. On the 16th of August, between seven and eight o'clock in the morning, I was backwards in the kitchen, (we can see from thence to the shop) and I saw the end of a man's coat going out at the shop door. I pursued as fast as possible; he crossed the way opposite the Old Bailey; he made off as fast as ever he could walk, and when he got about two hundred yards, I stopped him. He had this piece of superfine crimson cloth under his arm, with a bag thrown over the end of it. I charged him with stealing it: he pointed to the other side the way, and said, That man gave it him. There were a great many people where he pointed. I brought him back to my master. ( Produced in court and deposed to.) All he said, when I brought him back, was, that another man gave it him. There was no opportunity to shift it. I saw him immediately, and I took him in about a quarter of a minute after he was out of the shop.

Michael Woad . The prisoner told me many places he had robbed; among the rest, was a mercer, at the Black-a-moor's Head, on Ludgate Hill. This was two or three days after he was taken. He mentioned another robbery he had committed, at the Green Dragon in Bishopsgate Street. He desired me to tell Mr.

Phipps he could help him to some of his goods which he had taken from him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was sent as a porter by a man, and I said, Shall I take my knot with me? He said, No. He took me to Ludgate-hill, went into a shop, and brought it out. I stood some houses from that house nearer St. Paul's, on the same side of the way. When the witness took hold of me, I shewed him the man, and he saw him run.

Q. to Dodemead. Did you see any other man running?

Dodemead. When I ran out, I saw the prisoner cross the way to the Bellsavage-inn, walking as fast as possible he could; he looked back, and as soon as I laid hold of him, he let the piece fall. I did not see any man running.

Prosecutor. The prisoner sent to me from the Poultry Compter to come to him, and I went: there he said, that he and several more had been robbing about the town a great while, and had robbed several people besides me, whom he had sent to.

For the Prisoner.

Marks Marks . I am a Jew, so is the prisoner, and am a porter by business. As I was coming from Fleet-market, last Wednesday three weeks, I carried four bushels of fruit for Mr. Henry Simons of Duke's Place, and coming into Duke's Place, there was the prisoner standing with a knot on his shoulder. He and two or three more lent me a hand down with my load. There was also a man in a green coat, named Hyam, a Jew, standing by the prisoner. said I, Hyam, what do you do here so soon in the morning? He said he came for a porter.

Dodemead. This very witness is the man that the prisoner mentioned of robbing along with him.

Marks. When Hyam said he wanted a porter, the prisoner said, You saw me stand here half an hour, cannot you take me? Said he, I did not know you would carry such a trifle. He then took the prisoner with him. Said the prisoner, Shall I take my knot? The other said, You have no occasion for that, but come with me and carry a little parcel for me, and I'll give you a shilling. After that I heard he was taken in custody. I went to Sir John Fielding 's and saw nothing of him, but coming back I saw him in custody, and hand-cuffed.

Q. How came you to be so officious?

Marks. I was told he was taken up with Hyam.

Q. to Dodemead. Did you see a man in green, where the prisoner pointed?

Dodemead. No, I did not.

Q. Was the end of the man's coat green, that you saw go out of the shop?

Dodemead. No, it was not; that I am sure of.

Abraham Jacob . I went out of the Synagogue, and saw the porter putting down his load. There was the prisoner, and a man in a green coat. He asked him what he did there; he said he wanted a porter. Said the prisoner, I have stood here half an hour, why did not you call me? Said the other, I did not know that you would go for so small a job. He said, I'll do a job for three-pence or six-pence, when I can get it.

Hannah Moses . I am an old clothes woman. I saw the prisoner coming with a little man; and I said, Abe, where do you go? The other man said, This man goes for a load for me. The little man was in green.

Benj Lyon . I have known the prisoner ten years. He is very honest, as far as I know.

Elias Aaron . I have known him twelve or fourteen years. I know no otherwise, than that of an honest lad.

Guilty . Death .

John Elwood, Ann Stroud.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-54

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479, 480. (M.) John Elwood and Ann Stroud were indicted for stealing twelve guineas, three quarter guineas, and nine Louis d'ors , the property of Joseph Le Roy , July 19 . +

The prosecutor being a foreigner, an interpreter was sworn.

Joseph Le Roy . On the 19th of July, between nine and ten o'clock at night, I met with two girls, standing at a door in Great Earl-street , as I was coming from my work, and I went into the house where they stood. The girl at the bar was one of them. I went up into her room, and agreed to give her two shillings to lie with her. I gave her a shilling to get a pot of beer before we went to bed. The other girl fetched it. There was no body but the two girls and I when we drank it. After I was gone to sleep, the prisoner got up, and was gone, I suppose, to Elwood's room. Elwood and another person came in, and he had the complaisance to take me by the collar, and draw me out of bed: then he held me by the collar, and gave me a blow on the cheek. I desired to have my breeches, which I had put under the feather bed; but I found them at the foot of the bed. I put them on, but found there was no money.

I had the money, mentioned in the indictment, sewed up in a purse, in my fob, when I went to bed. Elwood said, Go along, French bugger. Then the prisoner came into the room with them. There was some silver saved, which was in my waistcoat pocket. I went down stairs, and met the watch; then we took the two prisoners, and carried them to the round-house. They were searched, but none of the money was found. This was about one o'clock.

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

Le Roy. Neither one nor the other. I had been to make water in the yard, and then I felt, and know I had my purse and money. This was before I went up stairs.

Q. Where did you take your money from, when you sent for the beer?

Le Roy. I took it out of my right-hand waistcoat pocket.

Q. from Elwood. Whether you did not draw three-pence from your master, when you had earned six-pence?

Le Roy. No, never. I brought this money with me from France. I changed some of my French money in the packet with a gentleman that was going over.

Q. from Elwood. Whether you did not offer to make this up, provided I would give you ten guineas?

Le Roy. No, never.

Mr. Legare. I am an oriceweaver, and the prosecutor is a spanglemaker . He might earn a guinea, or better, a week. He is a very sober man, and behaved well. He came to me since he was robbed.

Stroud's Defence.

Another young woman was with me at my door, when he asked us to go and drink what we thought proper. We went to the next door but one, had a quartern of gin, and he paid for it. After that he followed us home to my lodging, came into my apartment, and gave the young woman, named Ann Rose , a shilling for a pot of beer. He offered me a shilling: I said it was too little. He said he had no more. After that we went to bed. I did not choose to oblige him, so he used me ill. I was even obliged to call murder. Then he wanted his money again, but I would not give it him. He then put on his clothes, and we both came down together. After that it was a full half hour before he brought the watchman and constable.

Elwood's Defence.

When I heard the uproar, she calling murder, I came down stairs. He was going to use her ill. He was in his shirt. I said, If you do not go about your business, I'll call the watch, and take you to the round-house. I am a taylor.

For the Prisoners.

Ann Rose . I am the girl that was sent for the pot of beer. I drank once, wished them a good night, and went to my own apartment. After that I heard a great noise. Mr. Elwood went down, and desired he would not make a disturbance.

Q. There was another man; what is his name?

Ann Rose . His name is William Robertson .

John Cross . I am a shoemaker. I have known Elwood twelve months. He was in my debt when out of work; but when he got into work he paid me.

Richard More . He lodged with me. He is an honest man, as far as I know.

Both Guilty . T .

Charles Burridge.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-55

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481. (L.) Charles Burridge was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of William Trotman , July 10 . *

William Trotman . On Monday the 10th of July, a little after eleven o'clock at night, I was going up Fleet-street , when I felt something at my pocket. I turned round and saw the boy at the bar with my handkerchief. He ran away with it, and I after him. Just before I overtook him he dropt it. I took hold of him, and picked up my handkerchief. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I saw two boys throw it down, and I picked it up, when the gentleman ran after me, and said it was his. I said, Take it.

Prosecutor. There were three boys with him, and a young fellow about twenty-four years of age.

Guilty . T .

Joseph Brown, Sarah .
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-56
VerdictNot Guilty

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482, 483. (M.) Joseph Brown , and Sarah, wife of Laurence, Tereling , were indicted (together with Laurence Tereling and Moses Jones , not in custody ) for breaking and entering

the dwelling house of William Cowley , on the 24th of August, about the hour of two in the night, and stealing four china bowls, value 8 s. a green silk watch-string with gold tassels, one iron key, value 6 d. one silver hilted sword, value 2 l. 2 s. one violin, value 12 s. one German flute, value 10 s. a pair of silver spurs, value 15 s. and several other goods, the property of the said William, in his dwelling house , August 24 . +

The prosecutor lives in Shoreditch , who going out of town the 23d of August, and returning the 25th in the morning, he found three rooms in his house intirely stripped, to the amount of 3 or 400 l. In Lawrence Treeling 's apartments, who was absconded, a large quantity of the said goods were found, and in Brown's apartments only, the watch-string, and a key that would lock and unlock the prosecutor's house door. The prosecutor said he had great reason to believe them both to be his property, but as he would not swear to them, they were both acquitted .

Hart Jacob.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-57
VerdictNot Guilty

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484. (M.) Hart Jacob was indicted for forging and uttering a false order or draught on Mess. Fuller and son, for the payment of 16 l. 18 s. signed G. Humphreys, with intent to defraud , July 10 . +

Acquitted .

William Head.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-58

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485. (M.) William Head was indicted for stealing a thickset frock and waistcoat, value 40 s. the property of the Right Hon. John Earl of Ashburnham , a thickset waistcoat, value 2 s. a worsted waistcoat, value 10 s. ten shirts, value 40 s. ten stocks, value 10 s. two silk handkerchiefs, value 2 s. a linen handkerchief, value 12 d. a linen towel, eight pair of worsted stockings, a pair of leather gloves, a pair of silver shoe-buckles, a pair of men's shoes, a pair of pumps, a pair of silver clasps, a razor, and four guineas, the property of John Barker , September 2 . +

John Barker . I am porter to Lord Ashburnham. On the 2d of this instant September all the things laid in the indictment (mentioning them) were taken out of the lodge. My lord was out of town. I used to lie in the lodge when the family was in town, but that night I locked both the lodges up, about nine or ten at night, and went and lay with my wife. In the morning I found the window wrenched open, and the things mentioned were gone. There were workmen paving the yard. They were all willing to be searched. The prisoner had worked there, but had been discharged about a week before. We had a suspicion of him, so I went to inquire about at the pawnbrokers, and found the livery frock at Mr. Jenkinson's, a pawnbroker in Great Poultney Street, with two other waistcoats, and other things.

Jos Jenkenson . On the second of September, about nine at night, the prisoner came to my house and wanted to pledge a thickset frock and waistcoat, and two other waistcoats: he wanted two guineas upon them. Mr. Barker had been at my house and described the things he had lost. I stopped the prisoner. He had upon him all these things. (Produced in court.)

Prosecutor. Here are all the things, except the clasps, razor and shoes. The prisoner had my pumps on, and the shoes were found at his lodgings.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming to work at Durham-yard, when I met a young man in St. James's Square, who said he was in great distress, and asked me if I would buy these things. I did not know the consequence of buying them, not having been from Ireland above eight or nine weeks. I bought them for 17 s. and turned back and left them in my lodgings till six o'clock, when I went to pledge them.

Guilty . T .

John Wood, John Bagnell, Shepherd Struton.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-59
VerdictNot Guilty

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486, 487, 488. (M.) John Wood , John Bagnell , and Shepherd Struton , were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Gibson , on the 2d of June , about the hour of two in the night, and stealing a silver coffee-pot, value 8 l. 8 s. a silver pint mug, value 5 l. a silver quart cup, value 5 l. 5 s. a silver waiter, value 21 s. a silver soup spoon, value 2 l. 10 s. fourteen silver spoons, value 6 l. 10 s. an out-side gold case belonging to a watch, value 3 l. 3 s. a gold ring, set with diamonds, value 6 l. 6 s. a mourning ring, another mourning gold ring set with amathists, and two five-guinea pieces, the property of the said William, in his dwelling-house . +

William Gibson . I live in Princes-street, Cavendish square . My house was broke open on the 2d of June, in the morning. There were only myself, my wife, and a servant-maid at home. The doors and windows were all fast at going to bed, about twelve. The maid got up

first in the morning, went down, but came up in a great hurry, and said, For God's sake get up, the house is broke open. I got up and ran down. This was about half an hour after five. I found my bureau in the back parlour broke open, and the window-shutter of the fore parlour broke open, where the thieves got in. All the rings that Mrs. Gibson had in the back parlour were gone, and a gold watch case, all my plate, and two five-guinea pieces, with several medals, and a great many other things were gone. All the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away. I never saw any of the things again, but the two five-guinea pieces; they were found where the prisoners used day and night, as I am informed.

Mary Giffard . I am servant to the prosecutor. I shut up the windows and door about nine, and went to bed about half an hour after eleven. I got up about half an hour after five, and found the fore parlour open. The sash was up, the shutters were open, and the bolt was wrenched and bent back. There were tallow candle droppings all about the floor. I ran up stairs, and desired my master to get up. He came down. We found the beauset broke open, and all the plate gone.

Here Peter Graham the evidence was ordered out of court to be called in last.

Nicholas Leynard . I keep a tavern in White Lion-street, White-chapel. I received two five-guineas pieces. I have a good many servants, I do not know who I received them of in partilar.

Q. Can you tell about what time you received them?

Leynard. No, not the particular day. I believe I received them about June.

Q. Did either of the prisoners frequent your house?

Leynard. I believe I have seen them all at my house at different times. I cannot say I saw them all at once.

Q. Do you entertain ladies at your house?

Leynard. I do as other taverns do, entertain ladies as well as others. (Two five-guinea pieces produced in court.)

Prosecutor. One of mine had a little flaw on the arms side, about the middle, the other had a bit of wax upon the arms; but now I see it is in part worn off. One of James the IId, the other George the IId. I know this with a flaw on it to be my property.

Q. to Leynard. Look at this affidavit of your making. (He takes it in his hand.) Consider you are in a court of justice. Is it signed by you?

Leynard. It is. This, my name, is in my own hand-writing.

Q. Read it.

(He reads it.)

The contents were, That he upon oath said he received one of the pieces of Ann Willson , and the other of one of the three prisoners, he thinks Shepherd Strutton.

Leynard. Strutton used to go by the name of Butcher.

Q. Has not the prisoners used to come frequently to your house together?

Leynard. No.

Court. You swear they did.

Leynard. I did not swear any such thing.

Court. The affidavit is, That they used to come frequently to your house together. The words are,

"And that the three prisoners, who

"call themselves John Wood , John Bagnall ,

"and Shepherd Strutton , frequently are together

"at the house of this informant."

Leynard. These three people might be frequently at my house together.

Q. Did you or did you not receive one of these pieces of one of them?

Leynard. I cannot be particular that I did.

Q. What liquor did they drink when they came?

Leynard. I do not know.

Q. Did Ann Willson use to come to your house with these people?

Leynard. Yes, she did. She had been servant to me.

Peter Cobey . I received one of these five-guinea pieces of Mr. John Penthack .

John Penthack . I received that same piece of Mr. John More .

John More . Nicholas Leynard is a tenant to Esquire Turvey. He paid his rent on the 6th of June, and I then received that five-guinea piece of him. My son made a scratch on it, so that I know it again.

Thomas More . I received this five-guinea piece of my father, and I made this scratch on it. I paid it to Mr. Pentick, on the 13th of June.

Mr. Pentick. I received this of young Mr. More, and paid it to Peter Cobey .

Peter Cobey . I had this piece of Mr. Pentick. I am positive to it. I never saw a five-guinea

piece before that. I shewed it to Sir John Fielding . Mr. Leynard was there.

Q. to Leynard. Who did you receive that of, Ann Willson , or the prisoner?

Leynard. I cannot tell which. Ann Willson owed me some money, she paid me a five-guinea piece, and took up a note of hand.

Q How did you come by the other.

Leynard. I believe I gave five guineas in gold to the boy for the other.

Patrick Carrol . I had a five-guinea piece of Mr. Leynard some time in June last, I believe towards the beginning. I think it was one of George the Second. (He takes up one.) This is the piece. I gave Mr. Leynard five guineas for it.

Prosecutor. Ann Willson was taken in company with the prisoner. She is now in Tothill Bridewell.

She was sent for.

Q. to Leynard. Did you ever receive a five-guineas piece before you received these two?

Leynard. I cannot say I ever did.

Q. Were any of the prisoners by when you received the piece of Ann Willson ?

Leynard. No, none of them were.

Ann Willson . I lived servant with Nicholas Leynard about twenty days, and have been backwards and forwards to his house since.

Q. Did you ever take a five-guinea piece of either of the prisoners at the bar?

Ann Willson . No, I never did. I had a five-guinea piece of a gentleman, who gave it me.

Q. When did he give it you?

A. Willson. About seven months ago.

Q. Should you know it again?

A. Willson. No, I should not. There were two gentlemen that used to come to see me very often; they gave me the five-guinea piece at a coffee-house in Whitechapel.

Q. What coffee-house?

A. Willson. I have forgot the name of it. It is just by Whitechapel bars, on the left side of the way.

Q. Had you ever any other five-guinea piece in your life?

A. Willson. No, I never had.

Q. When did you pay it to Leynard?

A. Willson. It is now about seven months ago: I gave it him to change. I had it but two days.

Q. Who were the gentlemen who gave it you?

A. Willson. Thomas Prescote was one of them, but I do not know the name of the other.

Ann Graham sworn.

Prosecutor. This witness goes by the name of Ann Allen .

Ann Graham . I have been at the house of Mr. Leynard.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoners there?

Ann Graham . No, I never did but once, and then they called for a pint of wine. I have no acquaintance with them.

Q. Did you ever see a five-guinea piece at Mr. Leynard's?

Ann Graham . No, I never did.

Q. Do you know Peter Graham ?

Ann Graham . I do, I have seen him lately; but my name is Allen.

Peter Graham . I went to Sir John Fielding myself. I cannot tell the time, it was about a month ago, and I gave this information, upon which the prisoners were taken up, which was the same day.

Q. How came you to give the information?

Graham. They had got some money, and I had not what I should have of it, so I went and gave the information. I was in the street at the time this robbery was done, to see if any body came.

Q. What became of the plate?

Graham. I do not know. I never disposed of any of it. I only saw the gold watch case, and three or four rings. I saw some of the money. There was a quantity of gold, seventeen guineas, and two large pieces; I heard say they were two five-guinea pieces.

Q. How long have you been acquainted with them?

Graham. Not above a month of six weeks.

Q. What business do they follow?

Graham. I do not know what either of them follow.

Q. What are you?

Graham. I am a cabinet maker.

Q. What share had you of the money of this robbery?

Graham. I believe I had not above nine guineas of it. My quarrel was not about this robbery, it was about another.

All three acquitted .

John Lister, Isaac Pemberton.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-60
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty

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489, 490. (M.) John Lister and Isaac Pemberton were indicted for robbing Judith Hill , on the King's highway, of five shillings in money numbered the property of John her husband , July 14 . *

The prosecutrix deposed she was stopped in a chariot, and robbed on Islington road on the 14th

of July, about ten at night, but could not swear who robbed her.

The accomplice, George Warren , was not examined, as nothing the prosecutrix had said would corroborate his evidence.

The prisoners were acquitted .

There was another indictment against them for robbing Dorothy Curtlee , who was in the chariot at the same time ; but she not being able to swear to either of the prisoners, they were both acquitted .

John Anning.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-61

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491. (M.) John Anning was indicted for forging and publishing a bill of sale, of David Mitchel , late belonging to the Verelst Indiaman, to Charles Meader , for 11 l. 11 s. 11 d. for wages due to the said David Mitchel , with intent to defraud the said Charles , June 29 . ++

Robert Chapel . I am in the Pay-Office belonging to the East-India Company. Here is a bill of sale, by which the prisoner sold his own wages, and another bill of sale, by which he sold the wages of David Mitchel . (Both produced in court.)

Charles Meader . I live at Bell-dock, in the parish of St. George, Wapping, and am a salesman . The prisoner made application to me, the 29th of June last, to sell his wages: he told me his name was David Mitchel , and that he belonged to the Verelst Indiaman. He desired me to get the account. I went to Mr. Reyment for the account. There was a young man in the office. I told him I applied to him on David Mitchel 's account, for the balance of his wages. I told him my name, who I was, and went home. The prisoner came to my house, and the bill of sale was executed that day. About five o'clock I filled up the bill of sale, and sent for Mr. Samuel Sorrel , and he and my kinswoman, Susanna Robinson , witnessed it. (He takes up the bill, signed David Mitchel .) This is it. The prisoner wrote the name David Mitchel on it. The money came to 11 l. 11 s. 11 d. I paid him the money, being discounted for poundage, as usual; that is, a shilling in the pound. I paid a shilling for the account, and a shilling to the door-keeper at the India-house. I think the discount came to about sixteen shillings. After I had seen him sign the bill, he took it in his hand and delivered it to me; then the two witnesses wrote their names on it. I believe it became due in about ten or twelve days after. I applied at the India-house and received the money. About an hour and a half after I got to my own house, David Mitchel sent down to me, to know what business I had with his wages. When I had an account from the pay-master, I went in pursuit of the prisoner, and he was taken on board his Majesty's ship the Quebeck, at Portsmouth, by means of a letter sent by Sir John Fielding . One of Sir John's men and Mitchel went down, and brought him up. He said but little before Sir John; he answered to the name of John Anning before Sir John. I recollected afterwards, that I had bought the prisoner's wages of him once before, and then he gave his name in John Anning . This was for the ship called the Deptford, two years before.

Susanna Robinson and Samuel Sorrel both deposed to seeing the prisoner sign the bill of sale, and delivered it: after which they wrote their names upon it.

The bill of sale read in court.

On the back of it,

"Received this 29th of June, 1769, of

" Charles Meader , the full sum of 11 l. 11 s. 11 d.

"by me,

" David Mitchel ."

"Witnesses Samuel Sorrel ,

" Susanna Robinson ."

David Baldack . I was third mate on board the Verelst East-Indiaman, Thomas Baddison, commander. We had one David Mitchel on board, a common seaman, and only one of that name. The prisoner is not that man: the prisoner was on board that ship, but his name is John Anning . ( David Mitchel stands up.) This is the man that served on board, by the name of David Mitchel .

Mrs. Cornwall. The prisoner used my house about two months ago: then he went by the name of Anning.

George Willson . I know the prisoner, his name is John Anning . I bought his wages of him for serving on board the Verelst. I know him very well.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not execute that bill of sale. I am not the person.

He called John Webb , Jane Gray , Elizabeth Anderson , Agness Sinclare , James Frazer , John Thompson , and David Baldock , who said he was a sober man, and behaved honestly, both on board and on shore, exclusive of this affair.

Guilty . Death .

William Kearvins.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-62
VerdictNot Guilty

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492. (M.) William Kearvins, otherwise John Calvert , was indicted for stealing seventy-five guineas, fifteen thirty-six shilling pieces, thirteen moidores, eight silver watches, value 8 l. two silver table spoons, value 5 s. four silver tea spoons, value 4 s. five gold rings, and 5 l. in money numbered, the property of William Keys , in the dwelling house of the said William , June 15 . ++

William Keys . I am a publican , and live at the Marquis of Granby's head, in Charles-street, Covent-Garden . I had the money (containing the several pieces as in the indictment) in a drawer, locked up in a chest, in my dining room, up one pair of stairs. There were five gold rings, several dollars, watches, and other things. The closet door and dining room door were locked. All was there on the 14th of June. On the 15th, between three and four, I was alarmed by my wife, that my money was gone, I went up stairs, and found the drawer quite pulled out, and the several things and money laid in the indictment taken away. I asked who was in the house over night; the waiter answered, The prisoner at the bar was. I went to Sir John Fielding 's, and got some hand bills.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Keys. I did; he did use my house. I got a search-warrant, and went to several places where he lodged; I examined his trunk; this was in a court by Exeter 'Change; in the trunk we found a dark lanthorn, and two picklock-keys. The woman of the house told us, it was his trunk; the prisoner was taken up for another crime some time afterwards, and Justice Fielding sent for me; he denied before the Justice his being in my house that night; I never found any of my things again; the prisoner absconded from the time I was robbed.

Nicholas Kegan . I was waiter at the time of this robbery; the prisoner was in my master's house the night of the robbery. He had a pot of beer, and paid for it.

Rose Keys. I am wife to the prosecutor. I went up stairs, and could not get the key into the door; when I opened it, I found the drawer lying open. I came down and told my husband we were robbed; we went up and found the money, watches, and things, were all gone. We suspected the prisoner, he being there that night.

James Graham . I live with a publican. I was shuting up my master's windows, when I saw the prisoner at the bar, between the 14th and the 15th of June, near one o'clock, coming towards Mr. Keys's with Macklocklin. They went by me and turned into Broad Court; I was sent for before the Justice, and there I mentioned the same.

William Haliburton . On the 15th of June, Mr. Keys came to Sir John Fielding , and said he had been robbed, and had a warrant granted to take up the prisoner. I went with him to see for the prisoner, but we could not find him; we searched his lodgings, and found a dark lanthorn, and two picklock keys. (Produced in Court.) This was near Exeter 'Change. Then we searched Macklocklin's lodgings, but found nothing there. I heard that Mary Carol and the prisoner lived together as man and wife.

Mary Carrol . I live in 'Change Court. They came and searched my rooms. The trunk was the property of a woman that died at my house, named Mrs. Lisle, where the dark lanthorn and picklocks were found. The prisoner never lodged at my house, nor never left any thing at my house.

Acquitted .

6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-63
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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493. (M.) JOHN STAFFORD was indicted for robbing Daniel Spencer on the King's highway of a pair of leather shoes, value 4 s. a hat, value 6 d. a pair of mettle shoe-buckles, value 2 s. and six half-pence, the property of the said Daniel , July 9 . *

Daniel Spencer . I live in Long-lane, Smithfield, am a labouring man , and work with a hog butcher.

Q. What country man are you?

Spencer. I am an Irishman. The prisoner knocked me down about twelve at night, July the 9th, in Chick-lane . I was going home from the King's Head, Holbourn. I had been there to see a friend of mine home. There were five more along with the prisoner. They held me down. I struggled as hard as I could. They took my shoes, metal buckles, and three pennyworth of half-pence out of my pocket, and my hat from my head. They left me a pair of old slippers and an old hat, and said, Change was no robbery.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Spencer. It was a star light night, and I knew the prisoner right well; he was in the same dress as now.

Q. Did you call for assistance?

Spencer. I durst not speak a word. They gave me a lick. When they had taken all from me, they went away, and I followed them. I went into Smithfield, and saw the prisoner sitting at the Ram door; the lamp was over the door. The watch was coming crying the hour; I charged the watch with him. He got away, but was taken the next day, by the tokens I had given of him.

Q. What were the tokens you gave of him?

Spencer. I described him in a gentleman-servant's dress, and a brown coat. The constable has my shoes.

James Williams . I was constable of the night. The watchman brought in a woman to me that was with the prisoner.

Prosecutor. There were two women in company with the men that robbed me.

J. Williams. The prosecutor described a man something like a footman. I remembered I saw such a man going my round. I did not catch him that night, but I did the next day at the One Tun in Field-lane, and the woman that turned evidence swore the prisoner was the man that robbed the prosecutor. The next day, when the prosecutor saw the shoes, he directed me to her, but she was not to be found. He owned the fact

before my Lord Mayor and me. He said another man persuaded him to do it, and helped to hold the prosecutor while he robbed him. He owned he was the man that took the shoes from him.

Q. Where did you get the shoes?

J. Williams. I am a shoemaker. The prosecutor told me they had taken his shoes from him. I went to enquire about Field-lane, and found them at one Elson's, where the prisoner had sold them. (The shoes produced in Court.)

Prosecutor. A man that works in lodgings made them for me.

Thomas Elson . I bought these shoes of the prisoner at the bar, on the 10th of July. ( Holding them in his hand.) I did not know him before, but I knew him again when I saw him before my Lord Mayor. I changed another pair for them, with giving him a shilling to boot; these I value at two shillings and nine-pence. I was informed I should be all the money out of pocket, so I persuaded him to give me mine again; this was when he was going to gaol; when he came to me, he had the shoes on his feet, and said he gave six shillings and six-pence for them.

Prosecutor. These shoes are my property, there are two rows of nails round the heels.

Prisoner's Defence.

On a Monday morning, about ten o'clock, my father gave me four shillings to buy a pair of shoes; going down Snow-hill, I saw a Jew coming along, with those shoes in his hand; he said he would sell them worth the money, if I would buy them. He asked three shillings for them; I bid him half a crown; at last I bought them for three shillings: I carried them home to my father, but they were too big for my father; my father lives in Grub-street; he is a shoemaker; I am a porter for him. He had not time to make them himself.

Q. to Williams. Did the prosecutor always give the same account as now?

Williams. He always did, only in a blundering way.

Q. What do you mean by a blundering way?

Williams. He is an Irishman.

For the Prisoner.

John Stafford . I am father to the prisoner; I live in Maiden Head Court, Grub-street.

Q. Where did your son live?

J. Stafford. I know not; he departed from me the 11th of October last; I saw him once after that, which was in the November following; and I saw him once since, which was within these three months. He never was in trouble since his eyes were open before.

Q. What is your business?

J. Stafford. I am a shoemaker .

Q. Have you given him any thing lately?

J. Stafford. It is about five or six months since I gave him any thing.

Joseph Roloe . I have known him four years; I always took him to be a very honest man.

John Russel . I live in Hartshorn-court, Little Moor-fields. I have known him ever since he could go about. I always thought he was extraordinarily dutiful and obedient to his parents; I have not seen him lately.

Guilty. Death . Recommended .

Patrick Murphy, William Miller.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-64
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation; Not Guilty

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494, 495. (M.) Patrick Murphy and William Miller were indicted for robbing Edward Bond on the King's highway, of a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. and twelve pounds weight of sugar, the property of John Taylor , August. 30 . ++

Q. How old are you?

Bond. I am turned of sixteen years of age. I am servant to Captain John Taylor . Last Wednesday was a week, between nine and ten at night, my master sent me with some sugar in a handkerchief to carry on board our ship, the Enterpize, a collier; she lay at Cole-stairs. As I was going with it three men passed me; when I was got not ten yards from the door of the public-house where my master was, the hindmost of the three, which was Murphy, took hold of me, but I would not let go the handkerchief of sugar; then he gave me a knock with his hand on my arm, and I was obliged to let it go; my fellow-servant was with me, he catched hold of him. (He is a boy.) Then Murphy knocked him down, but my fellow-servant got up again, and catched hold of him; the prisoner gave the sugar to another man that was with him, who ran away with it. Then the prisoner Murphy came back to the public house. My master told him he had no business to knock me down, and shoved him away; then my master sent me to the boat. I never saw Murphy before he laid hold of me.

Q. Did Murphy come back of his own accord, or was he brought back?

Bond. There were several people along with him.

Q. How came he to be taken up?

Bond. I do not know. My master is gone to the Northward, and I stay to prosecute by the Justice's order.

George Strafield . I am fellow-servant to Bond. I was sent with him on board the ship, between nine and ten that night; he had some sugar; and in going we met three men; Murphy was one of them; he was the hindermost; he laid hold of Bond, and took the sugar away. Then I took hold of him, and he knocked me down; I got up and laid hold of him again; then I cried out Stop thief! when some people came out and laid hold of him; he was then carried back to my master at the public-house. Mr. Willson keeps it. I told my master what he had done. My master bid him go about his business; he went away directly, came back again, and abused us, and said he was not the man.

Samuel Clark . I am a waterman. I was at a public-house, about four or five doors from Mr. Willson's, when I heard the boy call Stop thief! I went out, and saw the man and boy together. The boy had hold of his jacket. He made a blow at the boy, but whether he struck him or not, I know not. The man was like Murphy. I took him to Mr. Willson's. There was a croud about. I came away directly, and saw no more of him.

John Goodchild . I was the officer of the night. I was sent for by Captain Taylor to take the prisoners to the watch-house. I found the two prisoners at the public-house, the Plume of Feathers. The captain told me the prisoners had robbed his boys of a handkerchief of sugar. I asked them why they were guilty of such a crime; they said they had not robbed them. They said they would give the captain the value of the handkerchief and sugar. I asked the captain the value of them; he said four or five shillings. Murphy told the captain he would give him that money, if he would let him go clear. The captain was not willing they should go, so they were taken before the justice the next morning. There Murphy confessed he took the sugar from the boy, and that Miller sold it for two shillings and six-pence; and Miller said he had sold it, but he said he found the sugar lying by a post. Murphy said he delivered the sugar into Miller's right hand.

Roger Willson . I keep the Plume of Feathers, a public-house, at Cole-stairs, Shadwell. Captain Taylor was at my house. I heard him bid these boys take the handkerchief and carry it to the boat. The boys had not been long out before I heard one of them call Stop thief! The people ran out of my house and brought Murphy in. The boy said, as soon as he was brought in, he was the man that took the handkerchief out of his hand. The captain said, Are not you a rogue to go to rob my boy in this manner? Murphy denied it. Upon that the captain bid him go about his business, like a villain as he was. After that the captain said, It is a bad thing I should be robbed in this manner at your door. I replied, I was very sorry for it, but throught he was to blame to let the man go, without bringing him to justice. I went out, and said I would see for him. I found him at the George, that is better than two hundred yards from my house. I brought him to the captain. I said to him, You had better return the sugar to the captain, and the captain will let you go about your business. Upon this he said he would get it, and give the captain it again. His wife came in, he sent her about to look for Miller, and to desire him to bring that handkerchief again. A little time after, Miller came to my house; but he denied that he knew any thing at all about it. Then I told the captain it was proper to charge them both, so he charged them both. When they were before the justice, Miller owned he had sold some sugar, which he picked up in a handkerchief behind a post.

Michael Murphy . I keep the George Alehouse . Miller sold me some sugar on the Tuesday; there were nine pounds of it; but the night the boy was robbed, I never saw him.

Murphy's Defence.

I am as innocent as your lordship. I was coming from work, and called at my master's, at Bell-wharf. I get my bread at sea. I had been out at day work, and that night, coming along by Mr. Willson's, this boy got up and got hold of me, and said, I had got a handkerchief of sugar from him. I turned about and said, Well, if I have it, I must have it; so upon that his master came up, and searched me, and desired me to go about my business, saying to his boy, You d - g, now you see he has not got it. I went to the Three Cups, and sat and drank a pot of beer. I know no more. I was mortal drunk. My scull was fractured on board the Royal George. I know not what I do, or what I say. I am quite innocent of every thing upon earth.

Miller's Defence.

I know nothing at all of it. When I went home that night, I was a little in liquor, and somebody told me I was wanted at Mr. Willson's. I went, and was detained along with Murphy; but what it was about, I know not.

For Miller.

Eleanor Addison . I have known Miller upwards of twelve years. He was once a captain of a ship, and has been a mate since. Since I knew him he has worked day-work. He is a very honest man, as far as ever I heard.

Mary Lane. I have known Miller almost nine years. He is just and honest.

Capt. Stevenson. I have known Miller fifteen years. He has been master and mate of many ships, and has always acted with a good character. Was he at liberty, I would employ him as soon as any man.

Christopher Olston . I have known Miller five years. He was master of a ship of mine. He always behaved well.

Murphy guilty. Death . Recommended .

Miller acquitted .

Robert Tolley.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-65
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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496. (L.) Robert Tolley was indicted for stealing two pounds weight of tea, value 10 s. the property of the United Company of Merchants trading to the East Indies , June 27 .

No evidence given.

Acquitted .

Anthony Warwick, John Bickerton, William Hawkins.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-66
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty > no evidence

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497, 498, 499. (L.) Anthony Warwick , John Bickerton , and William Hawkins , were indicted for stealing six pounds weight of tea, value 30 s. the property of the United Company of Merchants trading to the East-Indies , June 27 . *

All three acquitted .

(L.) Warwick was a second time indicted for stealing two pounds weight of tea, value 10 s. the property of the United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East-Indies, June 27 .

There was no evidence given

Acquitted .

William Taunton.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-67
SentenceDeath > death and dissection

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500. (M.) William Taunton was indicted for the wilful murder of Sarah Phipps , widow, August 4 . *

Margaret Phipps . Sarah Phipps , the deceased, was my mother. I lived with her. The prisoner lived as landlord, and my mother as landlady, at the Lamb inn, in the parish of Stanwell, near Colebrook .

Q. Were they married.

M. Phipps. No, they were not, as I know of. She died, I believe, five weeks ago, yesterday.

Q. How did she come by her death?

M. Phipps. By an ax. The prisoner used to beat and abuse her several times. (I have seen him.) She had a cut on one side of her temple; it was a great hole. I think the prisoner did it by a blow.

Q. Why do you think he did it?

M. Phipps. Because he ran away, and the ax was found bloody. That day I was with my mother in her room; she said, Peggy you may go out, I shall go to sleep. I went out, and never went into the room any more before I found her dead. This was about eight o'clock, when I went to breakfast in the kitchen.

Q. Did you see the prisoner in the room in that time?

M. Phipps. No, I did not.

Q. Did you see him with an ax?

M. Phipps. No, I did not.

Q. How far was this room where you left her from the kitchen?

M. Phipps. There is a long passage between.

Q. Did you hear her cry out?

M. Phipps. No, I did not. After she was dead, the prisoner went out, and went to an alehouse, about a mile and a half off. He was brought back, and charged with having killed my mother. He said he knew nothing about it. He was brought back by the ostler.

Q. Was you examined before the coroner?

M. Phipps. No, I was not.

Stephen White . I was one of the ostlers. My mistress died five weeks ago yesterday. I was in bed when it happened. I had been out about business all night. I heard the children cry, and I got up. The prisoner was gone away, and I followed him all through the town; my fellow-servant was with me. We took him at Langly-broom, brought him home, and delivered him to the headborough. I went with him before Sir John Gibbons . I was out of the room, so I heard nothing. We did imagine my mistress was killed with an ax. (An ax produced in court, the pole end bloody.) It is my mistress's ax. I did not know, till this happened, but that the prisoner was my master. They lived as man and wife. He hired me.

I had been but eleven weeks there. The ax was found in a cellar adjoining to the room where my mistress was killed. The wound was on her temple. We thought it was by the back part of the ax. On the Sunday before this he struck her with an iron poker, with much violence, over the crown of her head. I came in and prevented him, or he would have struck her again. The blood ran down very much: upon the account of that, and his going away, we suspected he was the man that had killed her.

Mr. Banyard. I am a surgeon. On the 30th of July, between eight and nine in the evening, I was desired to go to the Lamb inn, to Mrs. Phipps. I found her all over bloody about her head and bosom. I asked her what was the matter; she told me that Taunton had beat her with a poker. I asked in what manner; she said they had been at supper, and having a cucumber in her hand, she asked him whether he would have it peeled, or eat it with the rhind on: he made no answer, but went to the fire place, took up the poker, held it to her, and bid her lay hold of it. She said, What for? He said, Lay hold of it. She said, If I must, give me the clean end, and not the smutty end; but what must I lay hold of it for? He answered, To knock my brains out. No, said she, Taunton, I will not hurt a hair of your head. Then, said he, If you will not knock my brains out, I will knock your brains out, and immediately struck her with the poker. The first blow was on the top of the crown of her head; it laid the scull quite bare: the second blow was upon the forehead; it cut her, I suppose, an inch and a half, quite to the scull. I attended her; she went on very well till the Friday, when the prisoner came in while I was dressing the wound. I said, Look here, Taunton, what a sad accident has happened! If you had killed her, you would certainly have been hanged. He said he knew very well he should be hanged, and was very sorry for it, hoped she would get well, and desired I would take all the care of her I could. Then I apprehended no danger from the wound: but on the Friday morning, between ten and eleven o'clock, I went down to visit her again, when the daughter came out, and called a couple of men. I think I heard murder called. I asked what was the matter; they said they believed Taunton had killed Mrs. Phipps. Immediately I went into the room, and found the body lying on the left side, the head upon the arm, seemingly asleep, with the right arm hanging over out of the bed. I observed a bruise on the right temple, the size of the palm of my hand; the scull seemed to be beat in: it seemed to be done with the head of this ax, or a hammer. I am in no doubt but that that wound was the immediate cause of her death. The bed-clothes were not disturbed. I believe she could not have power to stir after that. There was a large quantity of blood about. When I came out, I said to the ostler, Why do you not pursue him? Then this man and another followed, and brought the prisoner back into the parlour. I asked him how he came to do it: he said he could not tell. I said, you will certainly be hanged; you have killed the woman. I know it, said he, for I did it with the poker.

Q. Did he say when he did it?

Banyard. No, he did not. I do not believe he had seen the body then. The ax was found bloody the next morning, in the cellar, when they went to take an inventory of the goods.

Thomas Jaques . I keep the George inn on Snow-hill. I have known the prisoner a great many years. He sent for me to come to him to Clerkenwell New-prison, I believe five weeks ago to-day. He said his money was taken from him. I imagine he wanted me to help him to some. I asked him several questions in regard to this murder, and told him I was afraid he was guilty of it; he said he was, and it could not be helped now; but he was sorry for it. He killed the woman (this he said.) I asked him his reason for doing it; he said, because she told lies of him. I asked him what those lies were; he said she said he was not a man sufficient for a woman, and that made the women laugh at him; upon which account he was determined to kill her. These reasons he told me privately. Here are two witnesses that heard him own he killed her.

Robert Molan . I was in company with Mr. Jacques, to see the prisoner in confinement. I heard Mr. Jaques tell him he had but a short time to live, &c. I heard the prisoner say he did kill her, and was very sorry for it. He desired Mr. Jaques to let him have a little money, to assist him while he lived. I cannot say I attended to all that was said, for I was looking about.

William Bower . I was at Clerkenwell with Mr. Jaques. I heard him ask the prisoner how he came to be guilty of such an affair; the prisoner said he had killed her, that it could not be helped, and he was sorry for it.

Robert Fagan . I live at Colebrook. On the Sunday night that the prisoner struck the deceased with the poker, I was up with him all night. He said to me in the night, it was his intentions to kill her with the poker if the ostler had not prevented him. He said he was very sorry for what he had done, and begged God Almighty would forgive him, for he would never do so any more.

Q. How came you to sit up with him that night?

Fagan. The ostler desired me to come in and keep him company, as there were a crowd of people at the door, and we sat up together with the prisoner.

Sarah Fellows . I went in and saw the deceased. I took up the blood, and saw the wound. I could put my fingers into the scull.

Abraham Tucker . I am one of the ostlers. I went in pursuit of the prisoner. We took him at Langley-broom. My fellow servant said to him, You have done a fine job; you have killed my mistress! He answered, No, I have not killed her. We brought him back, and I left him in he kitchen.

The prisoner in his defence delivered in a paper, which was read in court: the contents were, That he and the deceased lived together as man and wife, but never married; that for some time he had been disordered in his senses; that last spring, in returning from Gloucester, he hanged himself with his garters in a stable, and was in the agonies of death when found by the landlord, named John Allen ; that at another time he attempted to drown himself in a ditch; and that he was insane while in prison in Clerkenwell.

Q. to Mr. Banyard. Do you remember the time the prisoner returned out of Gloucestershire?

Banyard. I do. I think it was the 18th of June. I was sent for by the clergyman of Colebrook to go to Taunton; it was reported he had attempted to hang himself. I blistered him, and gave him some physic, and in about seven days he was as well as ever I knew him, and has continued so since, as far as I know. I asked him the reason why he attempted to hang himself; he said he had been in the country to receive upwards of an hundred pounds of a master waggoner, and his being disappointed of it, Mrs. Phipps said she thought was the occasion of his attempting that rash action.

John Allen . I live at the Pack-horse at Poulton, in Gloucestershire. The prisoner called at my house one night. I went into the stable and heard a groaning; there the prisoner was lying on his belly, and his garters tied to a spur of a ladder, as high as a man could reach; but it had untied, and he was down We lifted him up; he could not stand; the blood came out at his mouth; we led him into the house, put him into a chair, and he came to himself. We asked him the reason of his doing that rash action; he said he had been out of his mind some time back. I went about a mile with him towards Colebrook. Sometimes he talked sensibly, and sometimes nonsensically.

John Curtis . I live at Poolton. The prisoner came to my house about two days after Mr. Allen had taken him part of the way to Colebrook: this was going back again. He staid a day and a night. He was very uneasy; he could not rest. The next morning he set off for Colebrook.

Stephen White . The prisoner was once going to jump into a ditch, in order to drown himself. The ditch was as deep as up to my waist. I prevented him.

Q. How do you know he was going to jump in?

White. Because he had his coat and waistcoat unbuttoned, and said somebody should have his cloaths: this was the Saturday night before he beat the deceased with the poker.

Richard Notley . I lived at Tedbury in Gloucestershire. I have known him fourteen years. I now live in Turnmill-street, I am a plaisterer. I visited him in Clerkenwell prison. He was not the man as he used to be when I knew him drive our country waggon. I asked him about this action, and he always said he knew nothing about it. I said, if he did, the best way was to acknowledge it, and make his peace with God; but he always denied it.

Mary Notley . I am wife to Richard Notley . I have been to see the prisoner in his confinement: he has not been as to his mind as he used to be; he has been in different tales, and in a melancholy way.

William Kemp . I drew up this case from facts I had heard in the country. I live at Harsley, in Gloucestershire. I have known him ten years. (He gave an account of seeing the prisoner on his journey in the country in a down melancholy way, and judged him either in trouble or out of his senses: he rather thought the former, as having heard he had married a woman that was in law circumstances.

Guilty . Death .

This being Saturday, he received sentence immediately to be executed on the Monday following (September 11.) and his body to be dissected and anatomised, which was done accordingly.

James Malhman.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-68
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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501. (M.) James Malhman was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Darlow Mather on the 18th of July , about the hour of three in the night, and stealing two wigs, value 5 s. a mahogany tea-chest, value 6 s. two tin canisters, and three silver tea spoons, the property of the said Darlow, in his dwelling-house . ++

Darlow Mather . I live in St. Catherine's . I put my wigs on a sconce in my back parlour, and went to bed, I believe a little after eleven at night, on the 17th of July. When I got up in the morning the screw had been put but a little way in the sash of the back parlour, that was forced out, a square broke in the sash, and the sash lifted up. I missed two wigs and a tea-chest from under the looking-glass. There were two canisters full of tea. I missed three tea-spoons out of a closet. After this I carried a clock home, where was Nicholas Casey , to whom I told I had lost two wigs, and described them, who by inquiring found my wigs, and brought them to me.

Nicholas Casey . On the 18th of July the prisoner brought these two wigs to me to dispose of them for him about ten at night. I took them to the prosecutor, who owned them.

Francis Egan . I keep the Black Lion on Salt-petre Bank. The prosecutor brought a clock home to my house; he told me of his having been robbed of two wigs. Mr. Casey being by, said he would look out for them; he brought the wigs to me the next morning, to see if they were the same. I said they were. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought the wigs of a Jew in East-Smithfield.

Guilty of stealing only . T .

Edward Hughes.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-69
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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502. (M.) Edward Hughes was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Lister , on the 18th of August , between the hours of eleven and twelve, and stealing a large pier looking glass, value 20 s. a pair of hose, made of silk and cotton, four china cups and saucers, value 18 d. a pair of scales to weigh gold, value 6 d. and a woman's linen hood, value 12 d. the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house . ++

Arthur Huston . I am constable. On the 19th of July the prosecutor gave me charge of the prisoner, for breaking his house. This was about one in the night, at the watch-house. We took him before justice Welch: there he confessed every thing that he had done; that he broke in at the back part of the house, and broke a square of glass, after he had wrenched the window shutter up, and got into the house. Then I was ordered to examine his pockets, and in the lining of his coat I found four cups and four saucers, gold weights and scales, a pair of stockings, and a hood. The prisoner confessed he had taken them all. The prosecutor is not here.

Q. Who is this Mr. Lister?

Huston. He was a baker, but he has enough to live upon, and he has laid down business. I think the prisoner is his brother-in-law.

William Monseys . I am a watchman in the parish of St. Ann's, Soho. I was sitting in my watchbox in Chapel-street, about one o'clock, and I heard a noise. I saw two men together; one called watch, and said, This man has a looking-glass under his arm. I went and asked him (it was the prisoner) where he was going with it. He said into a street near Hanover-square. I followed him. Then he brought me back to Carnaby market, where I saw another watchman. I said, I am out of my bounds, so I charged him with the prisoner. After we got him to the watch-house, he desired us to send for Mr. Lister. In the morning Mr. Lister came to the watch-house, who owned the glass, and said the prisoner had robbed him now three times. The prisoner owned he wrenched open the window, got in, and took it.

John Lister and Daniel Lister were called on their recognisance, but did not appear.

Prisoner's Defence.

They swear very false, I am as innocent as any man here. There is no shutter, and the window was open, so I went in, and went to sleep. He is my brother-in-law.

Guilty of felony only . T .

Judeth .
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-70
VerdictNot Guilty

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503. (M.) Judeth, wife of Michael, Collin was indicted for stealing a linen sheet, value 6 d.

and a flat iron, value 1 d. the property of Francis Hambleton , in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c. July 31 . *

Acquitted .

Robert Birch, Elias Chabb.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-71
VerdictNot Guilty

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504, 505. (M.) Robert Birch and Elias Chabb were indicted for robbing James Watkins , on the King's high-way, of a silver watch, his property, and against his will , July 10 . *

Both acquitted .

Frances Scott.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-72
VerdictNot Guilty

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506. (M.) Frances Scott , spinster, was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 10 s. the property of Joseph Dolby , August 4 . *

Acquitted .

Thomas Edghill.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-73

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507. (M.) Thomas Edghill was indicted for stealing 3 s. in money numbered , the property of James Holt , July 24 . *

James Holt . I live in Watling-street; but in July last I lived in Spitalfields. On the 24th of July, about nine at night, I went to the Adam and Eve at Hoxton ; the prisoner was there. I fell asleep, and while sleeping my pocket was picked. The people awaked me, and told me my pocket was picked. There was another man in company. I cannot tell who did it. There was a piece of leather found upon the prisoner; I believe it may be part of my pocket; I did not compare it.

Daniel Webb . I was sent for to the Adam and Eve at Hoxton, where they told me they had got a cut-pocket. I asked who the man was whose pocket was cut; and Mr. Holt came and said he was the man. I looked and saw his pocket was cut. The prisoner sat on his right side, and it was his right side pocket that was cut. I took him to the watch-house, searched him, and found four shillings upon him, as also the bottom of Mr. Holt's pocket. Mr. Holt had said he lost four shillings. (The bottom of the pocket produced.) Mr. Holt turned out his pocket, and the piece matched exactly. We found this clasp knife in his pocket. (Produced in Court.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing how it came in my pocket. I set by Mr. Holt; I fell asleep, and was awaked by a noise that Mr. Holt's pocket was cut. The knife was never mine.

Guilty . T .

Rebecca Philips.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-74
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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508. (M.) Rebecca Philips , spinster, was indicted for stealing six yards of linen cloth, value 6 s. one other yard of cloth, value 9 d. one pair of worsted stockings, value 1 s. and two pair of silk stockings, value 1 s. the property of John M'Lean , March 1 .

The prosecutor did not appear. The recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Acquitted .

Mary Wood.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-75
VerdictNot Guilty

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509. (M.) Mary Wood , spinster, was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon. value 5 s. the property of John Ortell , July 31 . ++

Acquitted .

Mary Biker.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-76
VerdictNot Guilty

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510. (M.) Mary Biker , spinster , was indicted, together with Sarah Farr , not taken, for stealing thirteen yards and a half of linen cloth for handkerchiefs, value 38 s. and eight other yards of linen cloth, value 8 s. the property of William Burcher , August 15 . ++

Acquitted .

Joseph Godwin.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-77
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty > fault

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511. (M.) Joseph Godwin was indicted for robbing Henry Savory , on the King's highway, of a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 5 s. the property of the said Henry , July 28 . ++

Henry Savory . I am a fishman , and live at Hammersmith. Between the 28th and 29th of July, about a quarter past twelve, coming to town, I was overtaken by two men in the parish of Kensington , between the two turnpikes, one of whom held a pistol to me, and demanded my money. I said I was a poor man, and had got but a little, which was hardly worth taking; the other put his hand to my pocket and took out fifteen shillings, then he demanded my watch: he with the pistol said he knew I had got one. I said I had no watch. He said he was sure I had more money. I said I had no more, and desired they would not use me ill. I gave him then my halfpence; but he said, D - n the halfpence, and gave me them again. He that did not hold the pistol took my silver buckles out of my shoes. They then bid me go about my business. I went on. It was so dark, that I cannot particularly swear to the men. One was in a surtout coat, and one of them was taller than the other. The tallest is the evidence: the short one took my buckles.

William Troy . I am a cooper by trade. I have known the prisoner a little better than twelve months; he was concerned with me on the 28th of July. We were coming from London, and stood at a gate till the prosecutor came by us; we let him pass a little way, then we followed, and I bid him stop. I had a pistol. I asked him for his money, he told me he had but very little; he gave it me. There was a nine-shilling piece, a half-crown, there shillings and six-pence, all bad money; there was none good; we could not pass any of it. The prisoner took his buckles out of his shoes. We went into a public-house, and had but one shilling, which was my own, that would go. I was taken this day six weeks, and the prisoner about three days after, by the information of a girl. I had given information of him before, but did not know where he was.

John Noaks . We had information from a woman that lived with Troy of the prisoner being in Marybone-fields. I and Nicholas Bond went and took him. There was Mary Brown , a witness here, with him. In searching them, I found a bad half-crown on Mary Brown . This is about five weeks ago. ( Produced in Court.)

Prosecutor. This was my half-crown. (Holding it in his hand.) The silver is worn off on one side. It is copper. I have had this half-crown in my pocket for two years and upwards. The money was all bad that I had in my pocket. We sell fish by candle-light at Billinsgate-market, and at times I had taken that bad money, and as I was going to London, I put that in my pocket, thinking it would serve a thief as well as good money. I never offered to put them off.

Nicholas Bond . A girl came and gave information to me that this Mary Brown was going to carry something to the prisoner. I bid her go with her, and we would follow her. They went up into Marybone-fields, where I lost sight of them once. I set Noaks to watch, and we soon saw her again. Then she told me the prisoner was lying on the grass under a lamp. I went with her. About twenty yards before she came to him, she said, There he is, lying as before. I bid her go on, and if she was sure he was the person, to give me a touch on the arm; which she did, and I secured him: as the evidence, Troy, had told us he had a pocket pistol, I secured his hands, and found this pistol in his pocket, and a pocket-book. (Both produced in Court.) We took him in a coach, and brought him to town.

Mary Brown . I was twenty yards from the prisoner when he was taken. I had been in his company the night before, when the prisoner gave me this bad half-crown for a night's lodging with him. I had known him about a fortnight before.

Q. to the Prosecutor. Did you ever find your buckles again?

Prosecutor. No.

Prisoner's Defence.

The pistol was not found upon me. I have no friends here. I come from Bath. I was never in company with the evidence, neither did I give the half-crown to the girl.

Guilty . Death .

There were two other indictments against him for robbing two ladies, Mrs. Hamilton , and Mrs. Lee , in a chariot, one of her pocket-book, and the other of a silk purse, and four guineas ; but the indictment being falsely drawn, as the book should have been laid the property of Mrs. Hamilton, and the money the property of Mrs. Lee, but being laid the reverse, the book as belonging to Mrs. Lee, and the money to Mrs. Hamilton, the prisoner was acquitted on both .

Catherine Riley.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-78
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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512. (M.) Catherine Riley , spinster, was indicted for stealing a copper tea-kettle, value 5 s. the property of Nathaniel Lowrey , July 8 . ++

Nathaniel Lowrey . I am a poor watchman . On the 8th of July the prisoner came to inquire after a woman that had lodged in my house, and sat down a little while. When I was going out, I said she must go out, as I must lock the door. As soon as she was gone I missed my tea-kettle. I went and got a warrant from Justice Fielding, and when she was before him, she said she fell asleep in Bedford-row, and somebody stole the tea-kettle from her there. I never got it again.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing about the kettle. I did not take it.

Guilty 10 d. W .

John Watson.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-79

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513. (M.) John Watson, otherwise William Davis , was indicted for stealing a bay mare, value 15 l. the property of John Collins , July 19 . ++

John Collins . I live at Hints in Staffordshire .

My bay mare was safe in a close, near home, on the 18th of July, and she was missing on the 19th. I found her again at Mr. Harding's, at Edmonton. She is about fifteen hands and three inches high, four years old, a bald face, two white legs behind, and the near leg before, and has a spavin on the near leg behind.

Mr. Harding. I keep a public-house at Edmonton, and a team of three horses. On the 6th of August, the prisoner came to my house and called for a pint of beer, and a bait of hay for his mare; he offered to sell her for eleven pounds. I agreed to give him ten guineas. I had a little suspicion he did not come honestly by her. I thought she was worth more money. I gave him a guinea earnest, and I was to give him nine more at three weeks or a month after; but if I did not like her in that time, I was to give him four shillings a week for her work, and he was to return my money, and take her again. He said he was going to keep a shop in Stoney-Stratford, in Buckinghamshire. He told me he had swapt away another mare for her about two miles on the other side Hounslow, and said he lived by the Pewter-platter in St. John's-street. I went about three or four days after we had agreed, and enquired by the Pewter-platter, but could not hear any thing of him. He had wrote his name John Watson . I found a man in that name had sold horses there. We heard the mare was advertised a week before he was taken. I was not at home when he was taken.

Joseph Guyant . I am a smith and farrier, and live at Edmonton. On the 6th of August I was by when Mr. Harding agreed for the Mare with the prisoner; and, on the 18th of August, I saw an advertisement describing her; it answered to every hair upon her. I applied to Sir John Fielding the next day, and he desired me to look out for him. The prisoner came again the 21st. I was told there was such a man in the field, and that he had been at Mr. Harding's. I went after him, and found him standing at the end of a ditch by a stile. As soon as he saw me, he up with his stick, and said, Stand clear, I do not choose to be taken alive. I said, Mr. Watson, here is some suspicion against you, perhaps you may get clear. Said he, Do not take me, for I will not be taken alive. I said, There are many people in the corn field I shall call to, and you cannot help being taken. He made a blow at me, but missed me; then he ran. There was a boy before him with a large stick, and I said to the lad, Knock him down, split his scull if you can. He immediately came back, threw his stick down, and said, Gentlemen, take me and welcome, do not use me ill. I am guilty, I own; my life is not worth a farthing. He asked what we intended to do with him; I said, You must be carried before Sir John Fielding . He desired to be carried to Mr. Harding's. I said he should go to the King's Head. I took him there, and got a cart, and brought him to the Brown Bear in Bow-street. Mr. Bond ordered us to carry him to New-prison for that night. We took him there. When we had him before Sir John, and after I had given an account that the prisoner was the person that sold the mare to Mr. Harding, the prisoner said he was the man. Sir John asked him if he knew any thing of a grey mare that was left at such a place; he said he knew nothing of one or the other. I told the justice I heard the prisoner say he changed another for her two miles on the other side Hounslow. He said I was a very false man, for he bought her two miles on the other side Hampstead.

Mr. Alford. I am a farmer. The prisoner was at my house, at Sutton Coldfield, in Staffordshire, on the 17th of July: he came about two in the afternoon, dined, and had some wine and water. He asked me whether I had any keeping to keep a mare. Some time after that he called to the ostler to bring his saddle and bridle. I asked him what countryman he was; he said he lived with Mr. Wiber and Mr. Carron, of Thickbroom. He left a grey mare, and made no agreement, only to turn her out to grass. This was the Monday before Mr. Collins's mare was missing. Mr. Collins lives about four miles from me.

Mr. Lucas. I am a farmer, and live about four miles from the prosecutor. I know the mare very well; I used to see her almost every day. I have seen her since at Mr. Harding's at Edmonton. She is Mr. Collins's property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I left my grey mare at Mr. Alford's house on a Monday, about eight or nine weeks ago. I had some dinner there, and I thought she was very weak, and not able to carry me to London, so I brought the saddle away, but not the bridle. I came into the London road about two miles on this side the gentleman's house;

then I came on the machine. On the Friday following I bought a little thing in Smithfield for three guineas and a half. I had a bed at the Swan and Two Necks. There was an acquaintance of mine, which I had not seen for two or three years; he went to Oxford races. I heard he was almost killed, when I was at Maidenhead; then I went through to see him, and found there was nothing in it. Coming along, we stopped at a public-house, I think the Coach and Horses, on the heath, where was a man in company with me, that was upon this mare; we were talking about changing, we stopt at that alehouse, and we agreed to change. I gave him five guineas to boot. He went over the bridge on this side Brentford. The mare was very thin, so I took her to a farmer's in a Green lane; I think his name is Willes or Wilmot, or some such name. I left her there a fortnight at grass. When I was riding down the road, going to Hodsdon, I called at Mr. Harding's house; he said I might light, and he would give my mare a bit of hay. He asked me whether she was for sale. I asked eleven pounds, or eleven guineas. We agreed upon the conditions he has mentioned, and I left her. I believe I was there again about three weeks after. Mrs. Harding said he was gone to some fair. I had three pennyworth of rum and water. I went to the Two Brewers at Ponder's End, to see a friend that worked at some mill; he was not there; then in coming over the field I met this man. I was going to Winchmore-hill. It rained very hard. I stood under a tree just by a stile, and was putting my leg over the stile when I saw him; he asked somebody that was meeting me to stop me. I could not tell what he meant. I did not know but he might come to arrest me for money. They threatened to knock me down. I told them I would surrender myself, and threw my stick down. I never said such words as he says I did.

Guilty . Death .

Abraham Barnet, Michael Hymes.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-80

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514, 515. (M.) Abraham Barnet and Michael Hymes were indicted for stealing a bar of hard soap, value 12 d. and five yards of oil cloth, value 2 s. the property of John Osborn , August 15 . *

John Osborn . I live at Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire. I drive the Aylesbury waggon. On the 15th of August the things mentioned in the indictment were packed up in a flat, and put in the middle of the waggon. I was with the waggon. The prisoners being on the road, desired to ride. I took them up. When they rode about three quarters of a mile, then one of them complained he was sick; I stopt, and they got out. They went into a public-house at Kensington to drink, and I went in with them; then they said their minds were altered, and they would go no farther. Then I said, Give me what you have in your pocket to carry, and walk a little way, and you will be better. Then Barnet pulled out a bag, and Hyems pulled out a paper parcel, and delivered it to me. In the paper was this bar of soap. (Produced in Court.) It was directed to Richard Watford at Aylesbury, which I had to carry. At first they told me they were smugglers, and had run goods. When I asked him what business he had to take it out of the waggon, he said he found it on the road. The oil cloth was found in the room where we were drinking, in the chimney place, the Saturday following.

The prisoners; in their defence said, they found the soap on Holborn Hill, and Barnet said he picked it up.

Barnet called Benjamin Mordecai , and Hymes Moses Levi , Lazarus Levi , and Samuel Arine , who said the prisoners were Jews, and had good characters.

Both guilty . T .

Stephen Mackaway, Bartholomew Fenton.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-81

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516, 517. (L.) Stephen Mackaway and Bartholomew Fenton were indicted for stealing sixteen pigeons, value 8 s. the property of Thomas Nicholls , May 26 . *

Thomas Nicholls . I live in Giltspur-street, in St. Sepulcher's parish. I keep my pigeons in Long-lane , by Smithfield. Out of twenty-three or twenty-four I lost sixteen. They were in a loft in the house of Tho Mackintosh . They broke my place open, and stole them. I advertised them in three papers, with two guineas reward. After that a person came and told me he saw some of them on the Wednesday following at the Black Dog, the house of Mr. Fryer, in Spitalfields. I went there, and there I found nine alive. Mr. Fryer told me he bought them of Stephen Mackaway , and two other lads. I took a warrant to take Mackaway up. After that I found the prisoners were both taken up for stealing some shirts. I took Mr. Fryer to see them; he said they were the lads that sold the pigeons to him. Mackaway did

once rent the loft where the pigeons were taken from.

Mr. Fryer. On the 27th or 28th of May, in the morning, the two prisoners and another came to my house. Mackaway said he had a mind to part with all his pigeons. (I knew him before, and that he did keep pigeons.) He produced five. He is a cooper by trade, and lives in Whitecross street. I gave him five shillings for them. Then the other lad and Fenton went and fetched eleven more. I gave them nine-pence a-piece for them. When they were gone, I asked Mackaway how long they would be gone; he said, Not a long while; they were only gone into Whitecross-street. They came again in about three quarters of an hour. (The pigeons produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor, pointing out which he bred, and which he bought.)

Mackaway's Defence.

This lad by me and I keep pigeons together. One morning we went into Newgate-market to buy pigeons, and we bought all the man had. I gave him nine-pence a-piece for them.

Fenton's Defence.

It is very true what Mackaway says. I am a tea-chest maker . I have kept pigeons these two years.

Mackaway called William Gwyn , Thomas Fleming , and his own sister, who spoke well of him.

Both guilty . T .

Sarah Gardner.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-82
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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518. (L.) Sarah Gardner was indicted for stealing eighty yards of hair shag, value 30 l. the property of Christopher Court , in the dwelling-house of the said Christopher , May the 1st. ++

Christopher Court . I am a merchant , and live in Brown's-buildings, St. Mary Ax . The prisoner was my servant from the last day of March to, I think, about the 24th of July. In looking over some goods I missed a large quantity of hair shag, to the amount of 300 l. I had no reason at that time to suspect any person in particular, so I went to Sir John Fielding , and he advised me to advertise them. On the Saturday following, the constable, named Simons, applied to me with a piece of shag, that he had taken from one Jacob Isaac , and I found it to be my property. He had taken the person in custody, and carried him to the Compter. He confessed he had the goods of the prisoner at the bar. I sent one of my clerks down to fetch the prisoner up. She confessed to have taken to the amount of fourteen pieces, and said she had taken but 12 l. in money. She was taken before Sir John Fielding , there she confessed the fact fully, and that she had delivered several pieces to this Isaac, and to Rachel Solomon .

Hen. Simons. I am the constable. I received a piece of hair shag of one Henry Lion ; he said he had it of two women.

Jacob Isaacs . I follow all kinds of business, and deal in watches, rings, or any thing . The prisoner came to me, and asked me if I would buy some velvets. I said I had not money to buy such a thing; she shewed me the patterns. I said I could not buy it without I went to Henry Lion . I went and told him of it, but said, I do not know whether it was come by honestly or not. He said, Do not mind that; if it is worth the money, buy it. He gave me fifteen guineas to buy it. I took these two pieces of the prisoner at the bar. She said she came in one Mr. Renage's name. I bought them, and brought them to Henry Lion . They were blue coloured.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of it. I was frighted into what I said. Mr. Renage brought me two pieces, and I carried them to that man.

Guilty of stealing only . T .

Priscilla Pugh, Ann Claxton, Margaret Jones.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-83
VerdictsNot Guilty

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519, 520, 521. (L.) Priscilla Pugh and Ann Claxton , otherwise Darlin, otherwise Underwood , were indicted for stealing twenty-three yards of printed linen, value 5 s. the property of John Blackhall , privately in the shop of the said John , June 26 , and Margaret Jones , widow, for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , July 17 . *

Farrington Butterfield. I am servant to Mr. Blackhall, a linen-draper on Ludgate-hill . On the 26th of last June, Pugh and Underwood came into our shop, about ten in the morning, and asked to see some printed linens. We shewed them great variety, among which was a piece which I folded up, and laid on the counter. There was only one woman in the shop at the time, and I am positive she could not take it, for I saw it after she was gone. They were a long time in buying, and at last

they did buy two yards of coloured linen. There was not a creature in the shop for half an hour after they were gone, but within ten minutes, after they were gone, I missed this piece, which I had folded up. I went out, but could see nothing of them. The same day I got handbills and distributed about, particularly in Field and Chick-lane. The neighbours described them, and desired me to come again in the evening. I went, but did not meet with them. The neighbours desired me to come again in the morning. I went, and then I saw them both go into the Magpye and Horseshoe, at Holborn-bridge. I got a constable on Snow-hill. I knew them extremely well, they having been in our shop twice before. When we went to them, they owned they bought two yards of linen of me, and seemed surprized I should suspect them. We took them to the Mansion house, and they were committed to the Poultry Compter, but were discharged after three days. During which time we advertised the cloth in all the papers, but could not hear any thing of it; then we gave up the search entirely. On the 17th of July Mr. Ramsden, a linen-draper at the corner of Field-lane, whom I had told of our loss, and described the pattern, sent to me. I came. He told me he thought he had got the linen. He shewed it me; they had cut the sag end off where we had put our name; but there was another mark which wholesale drapers would have known it by. The pattern, and the quality of the cloth and my mark was the same as we lost, with the length of yards. My mark was on the outside. (Produced in Court; he points to the mark he made.) I bought the piece myself, and I made this mark on it. It is the letter B, which I always make with red chalk. I know it to be Mr. Blackwell's property.

John Northill . I am a shoemaker. On the 17th of July I was at dinner, when the prisoner, Mary Jones , came into my house with a bag under her arm. I had been drinking freely in the forenoon, so I went to bed. Coblers cannot help drinking; we cannot work without a little beer.

Q. Do you do your business best when you are drunk?

Northill. No. When I awaked, which was about three, or a little after, I saw a bundle lying on the table. There was a woman that keeps my house said, Mrs. Jones brought it. I bid her open it, and see what it was. She did, and clapt her hands together and said, Lord, master, you will be transported, if this is found in your house. I got up, looked at it, and saw it was new linen. I took and carried it to Mr. Ramsden's, a linen-draper.

Butterfield. When we were going in the coach to Sir John Fielding , Jones said she had the cloth of Underwood.

John Ramsden . I am a linen draper at the bottom of Holborn-hill. On the 17th of July, between two and three o'clock, this Northill came in with a bag, and he said he wanted to speak with me. I took him backwards. He opened the bag, and asked me if I knew any thing of the linen. I said, I supposed I could tell him of a person that had lost such a piece. I saw the letter B. upon it. I sent for Mr. Butterfield, and he said it was his master's property. I told Northill, if he would shew me the woman that brought it to his house, I would set him at liberty; if not, I should carry him to Sir John Fielding . Mr. Butterfield and I went to his house, and while we were there, this Jones came into his house. We asked her if she brought that; she said she did not. Then Northill said she had brought it; then she owned she did. As we were going up the hill, she said, Have you got Underwood? that is, the man of that name; she said she knew where to find him, as he was drinking at a public-house.

Pugh's Defence.

I met this girl, meaning Underwood, as I was coming from market with a bushel of pears on my head. I asked her to go in and drink; after which they came in and took us, and said we had stole some linen, and put us into the Poultry Compter, but we were discharged.

Underwood's Defence.

My friends are all gone home about their business.

Jones's Defence.

I keep a public-house . I have a great many people use my house. I had that bag of a man that belongs to the Chersterfield man of war. I was going a little farther. I told Mr. Northill I would leave my bag, and would call for it as I came back. I had it some years ago.

Butterfield. We can prove the pattern never was printed above a year ago.

See Priscilla Pugh tried for shoplisting, No. 314, in Mr. Alderman Harley's mayoralty.

All three acquitted .

Ann Claxton, Sarah Haycock.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-84

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522, 523. (M) Ann Claxton , otherwise Darlin, otherwise Underwood , a second time, and Sarah Haycock , spinster, were indicted for stealing twelve yards of muslin, value 36 s. the property of Stephen Chissold and Charles Ravenhill , privately in their shop , August 23 . *

Stephen Chissold . I am in partnership with Mr. Charles Ravenhill , in Arthur-street, St. Luke's . On the 23d of August, I had been gone out of the shop not above ten minutes, when my wife came and said I must come in a minute. I went in. Mrs. Ravenhill said two women had stole a piece of muslin, and described them: one in a brown gown, and a green hat, and the other in a linen gown, pinned back, and a long red cloak, with a black hat. We ran two or three of us, but could see nothing of them. We were told there had been a companion of theirs (a man) waiting in a passage, and he had nothing when there, and after that was met with something under his arm. We by describing them, and enquiring, found one went by the name of Darlin, and the other Haycock. We were told to wait at the Cock in the corner, and there we might see them all three together. I went and waited there, and I followed Ann Darlin and the man, Underwood, into the Old Bailey. When I went to take him, he gave me a smack on the face, and the woman said she would throw me in the kennel if I stopped her. I took her in at the Bishop's-Head near the Session Gate, and secured her. I promised a crown to a runner at Bridewell to take the other prisoner, and he took her the next day. They were taken by the description Mrs. Ravenhill and my sister gave of them. I never found the goods again. I had put that piece in a wrapper, had wrapped it up that morning, and had not been gone out ten minutes before it was gone.

Susannah Ravenhill . I am wife to Charles. I was in the shop when the two women at the bar came in, on the 23d of August. They asked to look at some printed linen; one had a long red cloak on, and a linen gown, red and white, in flowers, and a black hat; the other had a brown camblet gown, a red silk handkerchief, spotted, and a green hat, lined with red. I showed them several patterns; they fixed upon one, and asked the price; I said two shillings a yard; they bid me twenty-pence. Haycock went out of the shop, and stood under the window; the other stayed in the shop, and asked to look at some muslins to make a cap. I shewed her some; then she called the other in to look at it. The other came in. I was on one side the counter, and they on the other. I shewed them some muslin handkerchiefs. Darlin bought a handkerchief for twenty-two-pence. There was a window behind me, and Haycock asked what was in that. When I turned round, Darlin was stooping, pretending to put her garter on. I said, Do you not want muslin or check; No. they said, they did not: they paid for the handkerchief, and away they went. Immediately after I missed the muslin in a bundle before they were out of sight. I ran over immediately to my husband's partner, and described the two women. We went three ways, but missed them. Darlin was taken the next day, about three o'clock. I am sure the prisoners are the women, and there was not a living soul in the shop but them and me at the time. I am sure they must take it.

Q. from Darlin. Were not you and another woman drinking a dram together in the shop when we were there?

S. Ravenhill. No, there was not.

Sarah Chissold . I was washing my brother's house, opposite the shop. I saw the prisoners go into the shop, and saw them come out. When they came out, they stood very near together, hussling their petticoats. Just after they were gone, Mrs. Ravenhill came out and said she was frighted; she had lost some muslin. The first time I saw Darlin after was in the Compter, I knew her directly, and the other I saw in Bridewell; also I knew her as soon as I saw her.

Q. Did you see a man with them?

S. Chissold. I did not.

Darlin's Defence.

I went into the shop to buy two or three yards of printed linen to make a bed-gown. She asked two shillings a yard; we bid her twenty-twopence. She said she had got check and good Irish for shifts. I asked her if she had a good handkerchief. I bought one. I have it now on my neck.

Haycock's Defence.

I have nothing to say, only I am innocent.

Both guilty . Death .

See Darlin tried, No. 316, No. 504, and No. 129, the last by the name of Claxton, all for shoplifting, in Mr. Alderman Harley's mayoralty.

Martha Meader, Elizabeth Brown.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-85
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

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524. 525. (M.) Martha Meader and Elizabeth Brown , spinster, were indicted for

stealing a silver table spoon, value 5 s. the property of John Ortell , August 5 . *

John Ortell . I live at the Wheat-Sheaf, on the back of the King's palace, near the King's road . On the 4th of August we were very full of company, when one of Sir John Fielding 's man brought this spoon (produced and deposed to) to me. On the 5th, I shewed him several more with the same arms on them; then he told me the women were in Covent-Garden round-house. I went with him there, and saw the two prisoners. They were taken before Sir John Fielding , where the spoon was produced, and they owned they stole it. I am sure I saw both the prisoners at my house the day it was lost.

Thomas Hutchins. I am a pawnbroker. Martha Meader came and asked me six shillings upon this spoon, and said she brought it from a person that kept a cook's shop in Piccadilly. Upon my examining her, she said the other prisoner brought it her to pledge. She was waiting at the door. I went out and brought her in. I took them before Sir John Fielding , and delivered the spoon to one of the men to go to find out where they had it. When they came to the round-house, they told Sir John's men where they had it.

Meader's Defence.

Elizabeth Brown delivered the spoon to me, and desired me to go and pawn it.

Brown's Defence.

I don't know what to say.

Meader acquitted .

Brown guilty . T .

John Hunter.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-86
VerdictNot Guilty
SentenceMiscellaneous > sureties

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526. (M.) John Hunter was indicted for stealing three hundred pounds weight of potatoes, value 10 s. the property of William Rogers , August 2 . ++

Acquitted .

He had threatened the prosecutor, so he was detained till he found security for his good behaviour , &c.

Jane Beddis.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-87

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527. (M) Jane Beddis was indicted for stealing nine linen shirts, value 18 s. two linen table-cloths, value two shillings, a pair of linen sheets, value 6 s. a linen jack towel, value 6 d. and three other towels , the property of Daniel Webb , August 16 . ++

Mary Palmer . I am servant to Mr. Webb, at the corner of the Old Change. I delivered the linen ( mentioning them) to Thomas Hawkins , a lad to carry to be washed.

Thomas Hawkins . I am going into eleven year of age. My mother takes in washing, she lives in Bolton-street. She sent me for this linen, and Mr. Palmer delivered the bundle to me in St. Paul's church-yard. I believe it is about a week ago. About eleven, or half an hour after, in the morning, I brought it as far as Middle-row, Holborn I was standing to look at an image, about as tall as myself, at a mug shop, and the prisoner asked me whether that was not a pretty image. She went on a little farther, and said she would give me a pear: she took one out, and gave it me. I went a little farther, and she was going to give me a penny, but she gave me but a halfpenny. When I came a little farther, she took hold of my bundle, and said, I'll carry your bundle a little way for you. I gave it to her. She carried it as far as Great Turnstile. She went through it, and said her father lived at that painted house. As she went on, she asked whether my mother took in washing. I said, Yes. She said my mother did not wash her linen well enough to please her, because she starched the things. She got as far as Lincoln's-Inn , then she said her father lived at one of them houses. Then she gave me a penny, and sent me up to No. 10, to ask for Mr. Range. I went up and asked for Mr. Range. There was no such man there. When I came back again, she and the bundle was gone: I fell a crying, and people asked what I cried for; then they brought me home to my mother. I saw the prisoner after this in Bridewell. I knew her very well again.

Thomas Hawkins , senior. I am father to the boy. I was at Barnet at the time the thing happened. When I came home, they told me of it. The first thing I did, was to take the boy to Bridewell, to let him see the prisoner, who I was told was there. When he saw her, he said he knew her very well.

Thomas Clay . I was sent for by Mr. Clay, the high constable, and was told there was a person in his house taken upon suspicion of taking these things from a child. I took her to Bridewell. It was the prisoner. The bundle was delivered to me. (He mentioned the particulars, as in the indictment. Produced in court.) As soon as the mittimus was made out, the washer woman came and owned the bundle.

Mrs. Palmer. This is the linen which I delivered to the boy.

Prisoner's Defence.

On the 16th of August, I lodged in Catherine-Wheel-alley.

Going to see my aunt, a woman met me, and said, My dear, where are you going? I told her. Said she, Can't you go another way? I said Yes. I am going to another of my aunts in Westminster. Said she, I am going that way. Then she said, Go to the Golden Cross, and I shall be at your heels as soon as you. She desired me to carry this bundle. I was going with it, and facing the new church in the Strand, the woman was close to me, when a man came up and said, Whose bundle is this? I said, It is my own. He said, He believed it was not. Said I, There is the woman that gave it to me. She was gone away. The man said, If he had got hold of her first, I should have been cleared. He said, I do not care if the d - I gave them to you, I'll have it. He then took the bundle away, had me to Red-Lion-square, and called at many houses. Then he took me to Justice Girdler's, and he committed me.

Susannah Bidde . I am mother to the prisoner. She is about nineteen years of age. She has behaved as honest and tender as any girl ever did till this affair. This has been the breaking of almost all our hearts.

Guilty . T .

Robert Lagden.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-88

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528. (M.) Robert Lagden was indicted for stealing two blankets, value 3 s. two window curtains, value 2 s. and a copper tea-kettle, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of Thomas Griggs , in a certain lodging-room let by contract , &c. August 22 . ++

Thomas Griggs . I live in Gray's-Inn-Lane . I let the prisoner a lodging the latter end of July, and about the 21st of August, I found he had put a padlock on the door. I got a ladder, and got in at the window; when I found the room was stripped of the things laid in the indictment. I took the prisoner up the 2d of this instant. I found the two blankets, a pair of curtains, and tea-kettle, at his lodgings in Diet-street. (Produced and deposed to.)

Jane Flatwell . The prisoner came and took a lodging of me this day three weeks in Diet-street. He told me he had these things in pawn. I paid the money to the pawnbroker for them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not intend to wrong the people of their property.

Guilty . T .

George Kessel.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-89

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529. (M.) George Kessel was indicted for stealing a silver milk-pot, value 10 s. and a silver spoon, value 8 s. the property of Mary Smith , widow, July 14 . ++

Sarah Warham . Mrs. Smith is my mother We live in Prescot-street, Goodman's-fields . The things were taken the 14th of July. I know nothing of that. I only swear to the things. The prisoner was brought back with them. They are my mother's property.

James Allen . I am servant to the prosecutrix. On the 14th of July, I saw the prisoner coming out of the parlour into the kitchen with the spoon in his hand. I ran round, and saw him come to the gate. I asked him what he was doing there: then he took to his heels and ran; and I ran after him, and never lost sight of him till I took him. I asked him where the spoon was, he said he had nothing. I brought him back. He dropped the milk-pot and spoon in Rosemary-branch-alley, and they were brought in by two gentlemen.

John Huston . I heard the cry of Stop thief! On the 14th of July, I went out, found a silver spoon, about fifty yards from Mrs. Smith's house, and another person picked up the silver milk-pot. They were in the way the prisoner ran.

Prisoner's Defence.

Three men ran out of a house; they cried Stop thief! and they laid hold of me. I know nothing about it.

Guilty . T .

William Thurby.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-90
VerdictNot Guilty

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530. (M.) William Thurby was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. and a bolster, value 2 s. the property of John Scurier , in a certain lodging-room let by contract , &c. May 5 . ++

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Armstrong.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-91
VerdictNot Guilty

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531. (M.) Elizabeth Armstrong , widow, was indicted for stealing three shirts, value 20 s. the property of Alexander Urquhart , September 2 . ++

Acquitted .

Mary Yates.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-92
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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532. (M.) Mary Yates , spinster, was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 20 s. and a pair of linen sleeves, value 6 d. the property of Hannah Morton , widow, September 5 . *

Hannah Morton . I live in Hair-street , at the top of Leather-lane. I lost my gown out of a drawer yesterday was a week, and I found it upon the prisoner that evening. This was the 5th of September.

John Henry . I did keep a public-house in Parker's-lane, but I now live at the top of Leather-lane. I hired the prisoner the 4th of September; she came about six that afternoon, and about three the next day we missed her. My housekeeper, Hannah Morton , told me she missed a gown. I went to enquire after her, and found her about a hundred yards from my house, in a house let out into tenements, pinning on this gown. She had given her old cloaths to another woman, who was dressing herself in them. (The gown produced, and deposed to by prosecutrix.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I borrowed this gown, as another person had borrowed mine. My master catching me putting it on, he knocked me down, and took the gown from me.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Benjamin Dukesell.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-93
VerdictNot Guilty

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533. (M.) Benjamin Dukesell, otherwise James Duckesell , was indicted for marrying Sarah Martin , spinster, on the 2d of January, 1769 , his former wife , Mary Wilson , whom he married the 11th of September, 1753, being living , &c. *

There being not evidence sufficient to prove the first marriage, he was acquitted .

Samuel Mashfield.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-94
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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534. (L.) Samuel Mashfield , otherwise Mitchel , was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 6 s. and a linen stock, value 2 s. the property of Christopher Forster , July 28 . *

Christopher Forster . The prisoner lay with me one night, in Little Britain , on the 28th of July. I left him in bed, and got up at six o'clock, to go to work. When I came home, my landlady told me she was robbed of two sheets from the bed. I went up and missed a ruffle shirt, a stock, a pair of shoes, and a pair of stockings. The prisoner was taken on the 8th of August, and I went to see him in the Poultry Compter. He had then my shirt and stock on. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I had two or three friends came out of the country. I was asked to take a dinner with them, so I took the shirt and stock to put on to appear in.

Robert Platt . I am a silver flatter. The prisoner lodged with me two years; he bears a good character, and behaved honestly.

Guilty 10 d. W .

William Bagnell.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-95

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535. (M.) William Bagnell was indicted for stealing a pair of child's stays, value 4 s. a cotton petticoat, value 1 s. and a flannel petticoat, value 1 s. the property of Joseph Bevan , July 10 . ++

Joseph Bevan . I am a taylor , and live in Little Tower-street . On the 10th of July, between seven and eight in the morning, I left my house to go to a public-house in the same street, and I left my door open. I saw the prisoner coming out of my house. I went and met him. I asked who he wanted there; I think he said Mrs. Jones. I supposed him to be a thief, so I took him back, and from under his coat I took the things mentioned in the indictment. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going down little Tower-street, and seeing these things lying close by this gentleman's door, I took them up, when the gentleman stopped me, and said they were his things. I went back with him, took them from under my arm, and gave them to him. I sell earthen ware about the streets .

Guilty . T .

James Rowlins, Robert Henry.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-96

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536, 537 (L.) James Rowlins , and Robert Henry , otherwise Horton , were indicted for stealing four linen shirts, value 8 s. two neck-cloths, a pair of silk stockings, a pair of thread stockings, two pair of worsted stockings, two silk handkerchiefs, a linen gown, a linen apron, and two linen towels , the property of Jonathan Saunderson , July 27 . ++

Jonathan Saunderson . I live in Princes-street, near Barbican . My window was whole over night, and the morning of the 22d of July, about five o'clock, I went to wash myself, but could not find a towel. I looked, and found my window in the kitchen was broke, and the things mentioned in the indictment gone. My wife takes in washing. They were ironed, and hung upon a horse.

Richard Houlston . I am a whipmaker. As I was coming down the street, about six o'clock, or a little after, in the morning, I saw three people stand at a post almost opposite the prosecutor's door. Rowlins and Horton stood there, and another stood at the corner of the stationer's shop. I know the prisoners by sight, by passing by my master's door. My master is named Brown; he lives in Brackley-street. I passed them, and heard one say, Go it. I turned about, and saw Rowlins go down into the area. I was then at the cabinetmaker's door. He chucked up two bundles to Horton; then they all three went away. I came to the door after they were gone, and knocked, and the man stopped me, and took me to a constable.

Q. Why did you not pursue?

Houlston. I was afraid to pursue.

Hannah Saunderson . I am wife to the prosecutor. Here are some of the things. They were brought one morning into the kitchen when I was in bed. Two shirts and four pair of stockings, the things lost, I had to wash. We have got no more of the things again. I was told it was Rowlins's mother that brought these again.

Rowlins's Defence.

I was coming along Princes-street, about half an hour after five, and overtook Horton: he was going into Long-lane, he said, for purl. We saw two bundles in the area: there were two rails out: Horton bid me go down and get them. Just as he spoke these words that Evidence came by, and asked what we were about. I said, there is something in the area, but I do not know what it is: I got down, and gave it up to Horton.

Horton's Defence the same.

Houlston. I said nothing to them as I past.

Margaret Rowlins . I am mother to the prisoner. On the Saturday morning they were brought home, and I carried them to Mrs. Saunderson on the Monday morning following. Mr. Saunderson and his wife desired to get them again, they not being their own, and they begged I would endeavour to find out the boys, and get them.

Both guilty . T .

Peter Cook.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-97
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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538. (L.) Peter Cook was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d , the property of Isaac Rathbone , July 3 . *

Isaac Rathbone , I live in Tokenhouse-yard. On the 3d of July, near twelve o'clock at night, coming along Cheapside , at the end of King-street, I saw the prisoner follow me, put his hand into my pocket, and take my handkerchief out. He ran down Bucklersbury; I ran after him, and before he got to Walbrook I took him. The watchman found my handkerchief in the street. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

Going down Cheapside, I saw two boys take a handkerchief out of the gentleman's pocket: they threw it away, and I took it up.

Elizabeth Webb . I live over Blackfriars-bridge, my husband was a captain of a ship, and since he has been dead, I have taken in washing and ironing. The prisoner is my own sister's son. He has been in bad company. I believe if the court will be favourable to him, I can get a captain of a ship to take him on board.

Guilty . W .

Thomas Law.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-98

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539. (L.) Thomas Law was indicted for stealing a cotton handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Thomas Willson , September 6 . ++

Thomas Willson . On the 6th of this instant I had been at Hockley in the Hole, and coming threw Bartholemew fair , staring at the Merry Andrew, Mr. Pain clapt me on the shoulder, and said, That man has robbed you, and bid me lay of him. I took hold of the person, which was the prisoner. I saw Mr. Pain take my handkerchief out of the prisoner's breeches.

William Pain . This day se'nnight the prosecutor was in Bartholomew fair, and his wife was on his arm. The prisoner was taking a great deal of pains to show him which was the best show, and all the time making attempts at his pocket. I saw him take this handkerchief out of the prosecutor's pocket, and thrust it into his breeches. Then I told the prosecutor of it. We led him into a public-house, and I took the handkerchief out, which the prosecutor owned. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I took it up from off the ground.

Guilty . T .

James Rider.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-99
VerdictNot Guilty

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540. (L.) James Rider was indicted for stealing a woollen cloth coat, value 20 s. the property of Richard Maynard , July, 8 . *

Richard Maynard . I live in Windmill-court , near the Cloisters. I was not at home at the time.

Ann Hopson . I had been at Newgate-market on the 8th of July, and coming back I saw the prisoner run out at Mr. Maynard's shop with a coat under his arm. He was taken on the Wednesday following upon Snow-hill.

Maynard. The prisoner was taken about a fortnight after, and put in the Compter. There was another lad taken up for stealing a watch; he was also put into the Compter. He said he met the prisoner on the 8th of July, that he had some shoes and stockings, and he tossed up with the prisoner, and the prisoner lost the coat. Then, as he had won it, he sent it by one Jane Smith to pawn on Snow-hill. This I was told. I went and found the coat pawned. I paid five shillings and three-pence for it, and took it out. (Produced in court.) This is it, it is my property.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Ireland.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-100

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541. (L.) Elizabeth Ireland was indicted for stealing a silk gown, value 6 s. a linen gown, value 10 s. and a linen shirt, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Brind , July 28 . *

Thomas Brind . I live in Cary-lane, near Foster-lane . I am a silver-turner . I was not in the way when the things mentioned were lost.

Jemmet William Duglass . I am an apprentice to Mr. Brind. I was in the kitchen. The maid called me down, and asked me to wash my hands, and hold her stockings while she ironed them. I heard a woman upon the stairs. I ran up: there was the prisoner. She chucked these things, mentioned in the indictment, my master's property, over the banisters, out of her apron, and ran away. She was soon taken near the door. (The things produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going along, and a boy called Stop thief! another woman ran by, and they stopped me.

Duglass. I had hold of the prisoner's gown, and never let go off her. As she got out at the door, a boy was coming along, and he stopped her; then I caught hold of her waist.

Guilty . T .

See her tried last sessions by the name of Evans, Number 403.

6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-101

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542. (M.) JOSEPH SIMPSON was indicted for putting Edward Snape in corporal fear on the King's highway, and taking from him half a guinea and two half crowns, the money of the said Edward, against his will , August 15 . ++

Edward Snape . I am a horse doctor , and live in Grosvenor-Mews. I was coming home from Barnet races, on Tuesday the 15th of August, about a quarter before eight, and opposite Brown's well, about two or three hundred yards beyond the seven mile stone, on Finchley Common , in the summer road, in a Phaeton and pair, I was stopped by the prisoner at the bar. I heard something give a great snap: I thought the spring had broke. While I was looking at the spring, the prisoner was upon my fore-wheel, before I was aware of him. He was on horseback, on the right side. He cried, Holo! I raised up my head; then he put up his hand and said stop! I thought he wanted to know something concerning the races. He said, Your money, Sir! He spoke so low, I leaned over towards him, and said, What is that you say, Sir? Then I saw the muzzle of a pistol to my breast. I thought it not a time to dispute the point, so I told him what little I had he should be welcome to. I then saw three gentlemen and a lady coming on horseback. I put my hand in my pocket and pulled out two half crowns. There happened to be half a guinea between them. He accepted of it, but seemed to dispute whether that was all. I believe he heard some gold drop from my hand in my pocket: he said, Is that all? I said, Yes. He turned off, and went away; with his hand to his mouth, between the three gentlemen and me. I did not chuse to speak very loud. I beckoned to them with my hand, meaning for them to stop him. He went off a foot pace till he got past them; then he set into a gallop. When they came up, I told them that man had robbed me. They turned and rode after him; they turned him several times, but I went on, and was off the ground before he was taken. I did not know that night that he was taken. He had been taken before the Justice before I saw him. The first of my seeing him after this, was on the Wednesday sevennight following. I was a little struck at first seeing him, and was very sorry to see him. I was very sure he was the man, and so I am now.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was you always in the same way

of thinking, that he was the man that robbed you?

Snape. When before Justice Fielding, I was asked if the prisoner was like the man. I said I believed he was the man, but I did not chuse then to swear to him. I reserved that to myself then.

Q. Were there not many people on the road at the time you was robbed?

Snape. There were a great many people near me. There was a man with a cart. I believe there were an hundred people in sight at the time, before and behind.

Alexander Markes . I am servant to Mr. Samuel Maryate . I was returning from Barnet races. I came very softly all the way, till I came to Finchley-common. I turned out upon the summer road, and I saw a parcel of people riding towards me. As they came just opposite me, I heard a gentleman call out, Stop the highwayman! Stop the highwayman! Will nobody help to take this man? He was in strong pursuit after him. I joined him. The highwayman rode past me. I left the turnpike road on the right hand, and the man came between me and a gate. He was dressed in a brown coat and a black waistcoat. I looked at him, and thought the gentleman that had called out might be in a joke at first. They all rode as fast as they could. The man turned rather to the right, and went down under a hedge. He galloped a good way, (the hedge ran pretty long) till he came to a turning, where he turned very short. There were two gentlemen near him. In turning short, they and their horses fell. I took more room in turning, and galloped by; and in about a quarter of a mile farther the prisoner fell from his horse.

Q. Did his horse fall with him?

Markes. If his horse had fell with him, I must have been up with him before his horse could rise again. His horse ran away. The prisoner was stunned by the fall. I got off my horse, and was going up to him. There I picked up a pistol. (Produced in Court.) I was willing to see if it was charged. I found it loaded with a brace of balls, and some powder, but the priming was out. There a couple of young men came up: one of them said, What have you got there? I shewed them the pistol. They got off their horses and searched him, and found another pistol and a powder horn upon him; and bringing him along, they took a gardener's knife from him. We tied his hands and brought him away to town to Justice Girdler's. The Justice was not at home. Then we took him to a public-house, and sent for a constable, who took him away to goal. We went with him to Justice Girdler the next morning. There was Joseph Gregory , a coachman, who took the pistol from the prisoner's pocket. The pistols were produced, the prisoner owned they were his pistols, and said he bought them to frighten birds from his seeds. The constable searched him, and took half a guinea and two half crowns from him the night he was taken.

Bateman Saddington. I was coming from Barnet races in company with two gentlemen and a lady. About fifty yards before me on the left hand, coming from Barnet, I saw a Phaeton stand still, and a man at it. I was in conversation with the lady, and took bu little notice. The man left the Phaeton and came forward, rather between a walk and a trot. The gentleman beckoned with his hand. I thought he was beckoning to some of his acquaintance. After the man got past me, the gentleman said, That man has robbed me, Sir. I said, Robbed you, Sir! How do you mean? I could hardly believe that a man would commit a robbery at such a public time as that. Said he, He is a highwayman, he has clapped a pistol to me, and robbed me. I asked him who he was; he told me his name, and said he lived in Grosvenor Mews. I turned my horse and pursued. Said Mr. Smith, who was with me, I will bring him back presently. He rode after him as hard as he could, and got ground of me. They went up the road. I found I had no chance, so I partly stopped my horse. I looked after them, and found they turned back again. I went a-cross and met them. Then I had a full view of them, and had some time for reflection. Then I thought to ride up to the man, and knock him down, as I had a cane in my hand; but he presented a pistol to me. I got from the direction of the pistol, and came behind him; but not being able to get up to him, I left the pursuit. He was in a brown coat, had on a very remarkable bushy wig, and was pitted with the small pox, with black breeches, but no boots on. I believe the prisoner is the man; he is like him. I came back to the lady, who was sitting on her horse by the road-side crying, so was not on the spot when he was taken. Mr. Smith came to us, and said, We have got him. Then it was almost dark.


Q. Were there not many people on the road at this time?

Saddington. There were a great many people on the public road, but very few on that road. When the gentleman beckoned to us, I believe there were more than an hundred people in sight; that was I believe about an hundred yards from the public road. There were a great number of people on the public road, but mostly in carriages.

Anthony Smith . As I was coming from Barnet with this gentleman and a lady, I saw a Phaeton about fifty yards before me stop. After the man had left it, the prosecutor pointed out his hand, when I found it was a highwayman. I said, I will fetch him back, and if he goes for Whetstone, I will have him at the turnpike. He turned his horse round towards Coney-hatch, and I turned after him. I saw his hand go towards his pocket. I came up with him; he pulled a pistol out of his pocket and held it at me for the space of about two hundred yards. One of the gentlemen in company crossed behind him, and struck him on the right side his head with a stick; but I believe the man saved the blow with his hand. Upon which the gentleman called to me, and said, For God's sake keep farther off him, or he will shoot you. I replied, I am not afraid of that. Soon after this, another young fellow crossed upon him, and said, You shall see me knock him down; and I believe before the words were well out of his mouth, his horse fell, and I saw his four feet all up in the air. After that the prisoner's horse fell, and he was taken.


Q. When you first saw him, what pace did he go?

Smith. When I first saw him, he was moving gently, till the word highwayman was called out. I imagine he had no other way of saving himself, but by mixing himself with the people coming from the races. I suppose there were a hundred people in sight between there and the turnpike.

Q. How near the public road was the Phaeton stopped?

Smith. It was about four-score yards from the public road.

Thomas Slade . I was the constable. I found two half crowns and a half guninea upon the prisoner. (Produced in Court.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I am innocent. I leave it to my counsel to call witnesses to my character.

To his Character.

Timothy Walker . I live at Tottenham, and am a dealer in wine. I have known the prisoner about eleven or twelve years. I collect the rent of the house where he lives, and he always paid me very honestly. I never heard a word amiss of him in my life. He is a very sober honest man.

John Davis . I am a collector of the toll at Tottenham. I lodged at the prisoner's house three years. I have known him ten or eleven years. I never knew any harm of him in my life. He was accounted as honest a man as any in the parish. He is a master gardener .

Mr. Hunter. I have known him between ten and eleven years. I never heard any thing amiss of him in my life before this. I lived overagainst him all the time.

Mr. Thomas. I am a fruiterer, and live in St. Ann's Court, St. James's. I have known him fourteen or fifteen years. His character was always that of a very just, sober, honest man.

Mr. Hariot. I keep the White Hart at Tottenham. I have known him near eleven years. I always looked upon him to be an industrious, sober, honest man.

Mr. Carthorn. I am a gardener. I have known him almost eleven years. He has a very good character, and is as well-behaved a man as ever came into my house. He lodged with me almost twelve months.

Robert Thompson . I am a gardener. I have known him upwards of ten years. His character is that of as honest a man as any in the world.

Thomas Figget . I live at Tottenham. I have known him between eight and nine years. I always looked upon him to be a very honest man, and a good neighbour.

Thomas Holland . I am a gardener. I have known him between seven and eight years. His character is an extraordinary good one.

Ambrose Cook . I have known him five years. He has an extraordinary good character.

William Prye . I am a wheel-wright, and live at Tottenham. I have known him between five and six years. I never heard a man have a better character.

William Crofts . I live at Tottenham. I have known him about eight or nine years. He has always behaved himself as well as any person

in the parish. I hardly ever heard an ill word come out of his mouth.

Guilty . Death .

Mary Anson.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-102
VerdictSpecial Verdict

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543. (L.) Mary Anson , widow, was indicted on the coroner's inquest for killing and slaying her late husband, by biting his little finger , May 20 . ++

Thomas Phipps . I live in Leadenhall-street. I am churchwarden of the parish. I was bound over to prosecute. I know nothing of the matter.

Benjamin Stevens . I lived with Mr. Anson ; he was a glover at Aldgate . On the 20th of May, my master turned the maid out, and said she should not lie there that night; my mistress said she should; upon which some words arose, and they went up stairs. After I had shut the shop up, I went up, and saw master and mistress quarrelling. They were both together scuffling. They pushed one another from each other; that continued two or three minutes. I heard mistress say, If you point at me, I'll bite you. I think they held one another from them then. Master pointed at her, and I think he said, You are mad. Then I saw her bite his finger. They then both went down into the shop; he went down with his finger bleeding, and said she has bit me: then mistress took up a knife, where she got it I cannot tell, and what became of it I can't tell. It was a small knife. I got it from her.

Q. Did she say any thing when she had got it?

Stevens. I did not hear her say any thing. Master's hand bled a great deal. Then they went up stairs again, and I think they went to bed.

Q. Was any thing done to it that night?

Stevens. I think there was only a glove put on it then. I think there was nothing done that night, any farther than words.

Q. What words?

Stevens. I cannot say particularly what words; they were words of anger. I think master went to one bed, and mistress to another, in different rooms. On the Sunday morning I fetched some salve for master's hand, and on the Monday morning, I think, he went to Mr. Thompson. Master lived till the 2d of August, and then died.

Q. Was the wound ever cured?

Stephens. I believe it was never cured. It was attended all the time, either by the surgeon or his apprentice.

Q. Whose knife was that your mistress had in her hand?

Stevens. I do not know. I took it away very easily.

Cross Examination.

Q. Is this the whole of what you saw?

Stevens. I think it is. I was in and out of the room several times.

Q. Did you see any blows struck?

Stevens. I saw no blows.

Q. Did you see any thing of a loaf?

Stevens. No, I did not.

Q. Was your mistress hurt any where?

Stevens. There was a scratch upon her eye, but I did not see how it came. I heard her say master scratched her there, after the quarrel was over.

Q. Did she take hold of his finger, before you saw the scratch, or after?

Stevens. I had not observed that before. I saw her take hold of his finger.

Eliz. Weston. I had been there three or four days. I was in the house when this happened. The beginning of the quarrel was, the maid was shut out at the door, Mrs. Anson had sent her on an errand, and when she came back, Mr. Anson shut the door, and would not let her come in. Mrs. Anson desired me to go down, and tell her she wanted the things she had been for and the change. He went to the door, and opened it, and let me take the things and change, but he told her she should not come in that night. Mrs. Anson went to the dining-room, opened the sash, and bid her go home to her father, at Limehouse. It rained. She said she would not go without a coach. Mrs. Anson flung eighteen-pence out to her, bid her take a coach, and go home. Mr. Anson came up, took the loaf up and a knife, and was going to take a bit of butter. Mrs. Anson took the butter, set it by the side of her, and said he should have no butter till he let the maid in. Then he took the loaf up, and beat it about her head. It was about a third part of a quartern loaf. The loaf broke, and fell upon the ground. Then Mrs. Anson got up, and was angry with him. He slew at her, and she at him. He threw her down three times. There was a great scuffle between them. Then the young man came up (meaning Stevens.) They still scuffled together. The young man went between them, and parted them two or three times. I got between them also. Then Mr. Anson spit in her face, and she bit his finger. I heard

him call out and say, D - n you, you have bit my finger. I heard Mrs. Anson say, Let go my eye, and I'll let go your finger.

Q. Had she hold of his finger then?

E. Weston. I really believe she had.

Court. That is impossible; she could not speak and bite his finger at the same time.

E. Weston. Yes, she could.

Q. What was he doing?

E. Weston. He clawed her eye. Her face was scratched in several places. There was one on the corner of her eye. Then they parted, and Mr. Anson went down stairs first. I followed him down, and would have had him let me done something to his hand, but he would not. He put on a new glove. It was but a little place seemingly. After I came up stairs, Mrs. Anson went down, and I followed her, fearing they would quarrel again. I saw her have a little knife in her hand. She saw I was frighted. She said I need not be frighted, she was not going to hurt him. Then the young man took the knife from her.

Cross Examination.

Q. Were there any blows given?

Weston. I saw no blows, no farther than that of the loaf, only shoving her down. I thought once, by shoving her down, he would have dashed her brains out.

Q. How long was the last shove before the bite on the finger.

Weston. That I cannot say. It was all up stairs, in the kitchen.

Q. Are you sure she was scratched in the face?

Weston. I am sure she was, and in more places than one.

Q. Were they given before the finger was it, or after?

Weston. I believe they were all given before; but I am not sure.

Q. Was that violent throwing down at the beginning of the scuffle, or when?

Weston. That I believe was the last time of her being thrown down.

Q. Did you observe any thing said about pointing at her?

Weston. I don't remember any thing said about pointing at her.

Jeffery Thompson. I am an apprentice to Mr. Thompson, a relation of mine, a surgeon.

Q. How long have you been an apprentice?

Thompson. Upwards of three years. I attended Mr. Anson great part of the time during his illness. I did not see him the first day. Mr. Thompson say's the first day he came to the deceased was the 27th of May, which was on a Saturday. I saw him the Tuesday following, which was the 30th. There was a small lacerated wound upon the joint of the little finger nearest his hand; it afforded a very disagreeable discharge, and was beginning to slough. It was a disagreeable thin discharge. The tendon which bends the finger was beginning to slough, and there was a great inflammation over the hand. Had he been lucky enough to apply to Mr. Thompson immediately, it would not have been attended with such bad consequences.

Q. What is your reason for that?

Thompson. The bite then began to be very bad; but had it been taken proper care of at first, it would have been nothing. The wound was given on a Saturday, and Mr. Thompson came to attend it the Saturday following. It did not appear to be very dangerous when I first saw it. I asked him how the accident happened; which he was very cautious of saying. Upon my pressing him, he said it was a bite. I asked him, by a dog or cat, or any animal. At last he said Mrs. Anson had bit it. We made use of what application we thought best. It c ame sloughing on a-pace. The palm of the hand and the arm grew more and more inflamed; then Mr. Thompson took off the finger at the joint, in hopes that would prevent its spreading any farther. But he was of so bad a habit of body, that his breath was so nauseous, every time we went to dress him, we were obliged to desire him to turn his head on one side, he was so extremely nauseous. After the finger had been amputated, and had not the good success, as his arm kept inflaming, Mr. Thompson opened places, in order to discharge the matter. His arm kept sloughing on, and there came an internal mortification, which killed him. That came on in about a fortnight after his finger was taken off, as near as I can recollect. There had been openings before that was taken off, in order to save it. The mortification came on up his arm to his elbow. He was not in a state to admit of the arm being taken off.

Q. When did he die?

Thompson. I believe he died the 2d of August.

Q. What in your opinion did he die of?

Thompson. He died of that mortification.

Q. In your judgement, what did that mortification proceed from?

Thompson. I do not think that the wound was the immediate cause of his death. I am not of opinion that the wound was originally mortal. We have the greatest reason to suppose he might have died by the scratch of a pin, as he was in so bad a habit of body.

Cross Examination.

Q. Whether you can take upon you to say, that the bite on the finger was the cause of his death?

Thompson. It was an accessary cause. His hand and arm were so excessively nauseous, we were obliged to have vinegar in the room to take off the effluvia, a little before the finger was taken off.

Q. to Stevens. You have heard what Mrs. Weston has said, that your mistress said, Let go my eye, and I'll let go your finger?

Stephens. I did not hear any thing at all of that.

Q. When did you first observe the scratch on your mistress's face?

Stephens. That was after my master was gone to bed.

Q. Did she take hold of his hand?

Stephens. I was between them both when the finger was bit; he was pointing at her, and she caught hold of my hand, and then bit it.

Special .

John Hill.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-103

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544. (L.) John Hill was indicted for stealing forty-six guineas, and one thirty-six-shilling piece, the money of James Croxson , in the dwelling house of Sarah Tomlin , widow, May 26 . *

James Croxson . I was coming down Ludgate-hill, on the 26th of May, when the prisoner overtook me, and said, How do you do, countryman? I said, How do you do? Said he, I think I know something of you face. I said, I do not know you. You are a bargeman, are you not? said he. I said, Yes. He said, From where do you come? I said, From Newbury. He said he had a brother lived in that country, and he wanted to hear from him, and if I would go with him while he wrote a letter to carry into the country, he would give me a couple of shillings, and treat me with what I would drink. I went along with him to a public-house in Cloth-fair , and he called for a pot of beer. Presently came in another man: I have heard since his name is Hoxley; he challenged the prisoner to play with him for six-pennyworth of brandy and water, at hiding under a bowl. I said to the prisoner I was in a hurry, and should be glad if he would write the letter. They played: they hid twice. It was to be the best two in three. The prisoner won. They drank the liquor, and went out. Then he took me to the Glovers Arms, in Beech-lane, saying he would write the letter there. We went there through the kitchen, into a private room. He called to the woman to bring him six-pennyworth of punch. Presently in came this William Hoxley again. He said he would play with the prisoner at hiding under the bowl for six or twelve pennyworth of brandy and water, and half a guinea dry money. Then the prisoner asked me to give him two half guineas for a guinea. I took my bag out of my pocket, and put my money out upon the table. There were forty-six guineas, one thirty-six-shilling piece, and two half guineas. I never saw his guinea. He swept all my money off the table into his hat. I asked him what he was going to do with my money; he said to play with that sailor: he has got a bag of money of seventy pounds, and we can win it as easily as any thing. I told him I would not play, for the money was not my own. I saved my two half guineas, having just taken them up when he took the other. Hoxley had a bag in his hand, but what was in it I know not. I endeavoured to get my money again. The prisoner played with Hoxley. It was all in five minutes. Hoxley won, and the prisoner gave him my money directly. Hoxley put it in his pocket. I laid hold of his collar, and said, You shall not carry my money out of the house; I do not know but you two may be concerned together. Then the prisoner came between us, and said, What are you going at? It is I that lost the money. Do not go to use the man ill. I have got a fifty pound Bank note in my pocket, I will go and change that, and give you the money again. Then Hoxley went out. I strove all I could to prevent his going out with my money, but he got out.

Q. Why did you not take the Bank note?

Croxson. I cannot read, and I did not understand notes.

Q. Did he shew you any note?

Croxson. No, he shewed me no note. Then the prisoner took me from thence into Golden-lane. He went in at the Black Koren and

Crown; the man is named Lumlin; and bid me stand at the door, saying he would come to me in a little time, and give me my money. I staid at the door a very little while, and then went in, and called for a pint of beer, and asked the woman if there had been a man there to change a note. She said no; but that there had been a man that had had a dram at the bar, and went out at the other door directly. It was three months after that that I found the prisoner. I had left a description of him with Mr. Melvil. I was to give him two guineas if he found him.

Q. How came you to know the prisoner's name?

Croxson. I heard that at a public-house where I went. The people at the Black Raven told me, if I went to the Bell on Windmill-hill, Moorfields, very likely I might hear of him. I immediately went there. There was a man that came from Reading, and knew me. I told him how I had been served. He told me the two men had been there parting the money.

Q. Did you lend the prisoner your money?

Croxson. No, I did not.

Q. Did you not say you consented he should play with your money?

Croxson. No, I did not.

Cross Examination.

Q. Supposing Hill had won Hoxley's money, what then?

Croxson. He told me I should have half the money; but I said I would not play. I should have desired nothing but my own money?

Q. Did you not tell my Lord Mayor, that you had lent the prisoner the money?

Croxson. No, I did not.

Q. Did you not say you consented he should play with your money?

Croxson. No, I did not. I was frighted about my money.

Charles Truss . On the 26th of May I paid fifty pounds to the prosecutor. I was before my Lord Mayor when the prisoner was before him. I heard the prisoner there confess he had the prosecutor's money. My Lord said he wanted no better evidence against him, than his own story; but I cannot recollect the particulars of it.

Q. What did Croxson insist upon before my Lord Mayor?

Truss. He said he put his money on the table, to take out two half guineas, and the prisoner swept the money into his hat, and Croxson asked him what he was going to do with his money.

Croxson. My Lord asked the prisoner what business he was of; he answered he was a glass-blower. The prisoner acknowledged what I had told my Lord was true.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did borrow some money of him to be sure. I had a fifty pound note. I went into Mr. Lumlin's house to get change for it, but he was not at home. I was obliged to go away, because the young man made inch a noise.

For the Prisoner.

Alexander Melvil . I am the constable. The prosecutor applied to me to take up the prisoner. The prosecutor was very desirous to have his money again; so I said, If you are desirous, you may have it, I suppose. They came to proposals in the Mansion-house. I was there. The prisoner said he could raise ten guineas, and there were ten guineas more lodged in a person's hand, which made twenty-one pounds. When he was before my Lord Mayor, my Lord asked how the money was lost; and the prosecutor said he lent the prisoner the money, upon condition he would return him the money; and if he lost, he would change the note. It plainly appeared to my Lord, that the prosecutor and the others were acquainted; for my part, I cannot say whether they were or not. They were going to employ an attorney. I happening to be up at Sir John Fielding's, I said, If you have money to employ an attorney and counsel, you had better give it to the poor fellow that is a sufferer, who labours under the difficulty to pay the money to his master at a guinea a month (as I was told.) The prosecutor agreed to take the money, and a receipt was drawn for twenty-one pounds, and the expences. He asked me to witness it. He said he would take their word for the expences. I said to him, You shall not take the money, till I have asked advice. I went and asked three gentlemen's opinion. It was their opinion for him to take the money, and apply to the Grand Jury, and say he had received satisfaction. I had the money, and the receipt, but he not coming, I returned the money to the prisoner's brother.

Joseph Moody . I live in Brown-Bear Alley, East-Smithfield. I am a glass-maker, and

work for Quinton and Co. I saw the prosecutor last Monday in the forenoon, between nine and ten o'clock. I said, Pray, Mr. Croxson, what do you intend to do in this affair? Said he, It is a great deal of money to lose, and twenty guineas is but a trifle towards it. Said I, That is all we can raise. For my part, I should be very glad if the case was made up. Said he, Will not you pay my expences? Said I, What is that? Said he, Fifteen shillings. Said I, I will give you a note of hand to pay you half a guinea the next time you come to London with your barge. Said he, I will take your word for it.

Q. What had you to do with it?

Moody. The prisoner is my brother-in-law. We went to the Castle in King-street, and were there some time. He agreed to take ten guineas, and the ten guineas that was down before, and our word for the rest. (The receipt produced.)

Q. to Melvil. Who prepared this note?

Melvil. An acquaintance of the prisoner's. I witnessed it.

It was read to this purport.

"London, Sept. 4, 1769. Received of John

"Hill, by the hands of Thomas Hill , the sum

"of 50 l. 2 s. sterling money of Great-Britain,

"in full of all debts, dues, damages and demands,

"received by John Hill from hiding

"under the hat.

"Witness Alexander Melvil ."

Thomas Hill. I am brother to the prisoner. When this gentleman was agreeable to take the quantity of money, I laid down ten guineas. He took up ten guineas, and after he took one in his hand, he signed his hand to the note for the money received of me, and after that some women came about half an hour after, and he left the money behind, and Mr. Melvil took it up, to go before my Lord Mayor.

William Alexander . I am a shipwright, and live in Shadwell. I only speak to the making it up.

Court. Then you may stand down, we do not want to hear about compounding felony.

William Arcle . I live in a street near the Bank-side, Surry. I am a glass-blower. I have known the prisoner twenty years. He some time kept a cheesemonger's shop . I cannot say what other business he has followed. He always had an honest character.

Q. Did you never divert yourselves together at playing at hiding under a hat, or under a bowl?

Arcle. Never.

Guilty . Death .

George Low.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-104

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545. (L.) George Low was indicted for stealing a worsted purse, value 2 d. one guinea, seven half-guineas, and 18 s. in money numbered, a linen bag, sixteen yards of linen cloth, and two dozen pairs of worsted stockings, value 40 s. the property of John Coney , in the dwelling house of William Bray , August 7. *

John Coney . I live in Virginia-street, and am a pedlar . On the 7th of August I was at a shop by the Fleet-market, buying some stockings. When I had done, I was going right across the market: there the prisoner was standing, who asked me if I had any stockings: he said he wanted strong ones to wear under his boots. I told him I had stockings to sell, and would sell him as cheap as I could. Said he, I never buy any thing in the market, so please to come in, and take a pint of beer along with me, and I will buy of you, if we can agree. I went with him to the house of William Bray, the Golden-ball in Cow lane . There we had a pint of beer. There were two other men came in. Soon after we sat down: though they appeared to be all strangers, they fell to talking to one another. One asked what countrymen the others were. One said he was a merchant at Bristol, that he dealt in linen there, and kept a shop: another said he had been on board a man of war, and had received a great deal of money a while ago, and should soon receive a great deal more, and did not care which way he flung his money away. He said he was once an officer on board an Indiaman. The prisoner said he was a farmer's son. They talked thus some time. I thought them the civilest men I ever came near. I thought I should get some of my stockings off among them. The officer would have some brandy, and make me drink a glass. I said I had not been used to drink such strong stuff. I drank a glass. Then they fell to gambling on the table, tossing things about. The officer pulled out a great green purse; there seemed to be guineas in it. At last the others pulled their purses out. They would have me pull mine out. I pulled mine out, and laid it on the table. I had five guineas in mine. They showed their money to one another.

Q. What did you pull yours out for?

Coney. Because I was crazy. The men were civil and good, so I thought there was no danger. The officer and prisoner were employing themselves with knocking halfpence about. I do not know that the merchant did play any. All the while they pretended to be strangers to each other.

Q. What were they playing at?

Coney. They were knocking halfpence up and down. I do not know the sense of it at all.

Q. Did they ask you to play?

Coney. They did not. I think once the officer did ask me to lay my hand upon a halfpenny.

Q. Where was your money then?

Coney. My money was then upon the table. The merchant called me out at the door. I went out with him, and walked down the street. I began to think a little of my money. I came in again, and I caught the prisoner with my pack in his hand at the door. Said he, The sailor has run away with your money, and he would have had your pack if I had not taken care of it. There were sixteen yards of Irish linen, and two dozen pair of stockings in my bag. I gave thirteen pence a yard for the cloth, and about eighteen pence a pair for the stockings, some more, some less. I laid hold of him, and held him fast.

Q. What room were you in?

Coney. We were in a lower room, on the other side the bar. He had brought my bag through two rooms. There was a strange man, who I understand since is one of the gang. He abused me very much, and wanted to take me back into the room, saying, Why do you abuse the gentleman? The prisoner said he would get me my money again, if I would let him go. So I did. Then he said he would put me in the way to a place where I should get it again, so he and the strange man went with me. I walked down the street. They took me into a very dark, ugly, dirty lane, where there came out a mob, and got the prisoner out of my hands, and the strange man held me till he got out of my sight. I had kept hold of him by the shoulder going along. This was on a Monday, and on the Wednesday following a man was going to be hanged. Walking up among the people to Tyburn-road, I saw the officer sitting at a public-house door: he went into the house. I walked up and down the front windows: I went to the other corner, where I looked in, and saw the prisoner and the officer together. The officer got sight of me before the prisoner did, and he got away; he beckoned to the prisoner to come, but he did not see him. I went in, took hold of him and said, Have you got my money now? He pulled out two guineas and a half, and offered me them, and said, That is all the money I have; but go with me, and I will get you the rest. I held him, and said, I would not go home with him for all the money in London. The people in the house desired me not to take the money. I believe they were honest people.

Q. Did you play with them at any game?

Coney. I did not.

Q. Did you lend either of them your purse?

Coney. No, I did not.

Prisoner's Defence.

When I saw this man, I was going to Smithfield market. He was by the top of the market selling stockings and handkerchiefs. I told him I wanted a pair of stockings, a good strong pair; he told me he would sell me as good a pair as any person in London. I said, I will buy a pair or two or three of you. We went into a public-house to drink a pint or a pot of beer, where came in two men; one a sailor, I do not know what the other was. They began tossing up, and hiding a halfpenny under a pot. One said he had lost some money before with somebody, and he would lay he won, let who will hide it. He would lay six-pennyworth of brandy and water, or a pot of beer. I laid a pot of beer he did not know, let me hide it. The man put it under. I happened to win. Then the sailor would lay a shilling. I said, Then let me hide it. He said, No, this man shall. I then lost the shilling. After that he would lay two shillings, but said I shall not hide it myself, he would. I won the two shillings. Then the prosecutor said, I will go your halves. After that he would play for four shillings. The prosecutor and I won that. After that the sailor would not play under forty or fifty pounds. I said I have not so much money in my pocket; I have about fourteen pounds. The prosecutor said, I have got four or five guineas. Another man said, I believe I have got six, seven, or eight pounds. I will go along with you, as you are two countrymen. This man laid his pack: he laid that and all the money we could make against the sailor's money, and we hid for fifty-four pounds; I happened to lose. The sailor was going to take the bag away. I said No, you shall not

go, because we will play with you again, and I stopped the bag, though he had won the money and the pack. I could not stop the man, he was as big as two of me.

Prosecutor. There is no truth at all in this.

Guilty . Death .

Isaac Sheffield.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-105
VerdictNot Guilty

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546. (M.) Isaac Sheffield was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 4 l. 4 s. the property of William Kitchen , June 7 . *

William Kitchen . About half an hour past twelve o'clock, fourteen weeks ago to-morrow, the prisoner was pretending to read something at a door at the Plaisterers-Arms, at the end of Savile-row, and as I was going by, he asked me where some lady lived. I told him I was a stranger there, and that I knew no such person. He said, It should be near Cavendish-square. I was going that way, so he desired I would direct him the way. Going along, he said he had a townsman sent to him to help him to a place. I said I was out of place; if it did not suit him, it perhaps might me. When we came into Tyburn-road , said he, I remember being here once before. Here is a public-house, where I think I can get intelligence. I believe this is the house; but seemed not to be sure. We went in, and called for a pint of beer. He drank once, and went out, and then came in again. He said he had seen the man's wife. Presently came in two men; he asked them what they would drink; said they, We will have some grog. He went out of the room, and brought in some grog in a bason. Then the prisoner proposed hiding under a pint pot with another for six-pennyworth of punch. I said, If you are not going, I'll go and leave you. I pulled out my watch to see what o'clock it was. He asked me if I would sell her. I mentioned five guineas. They all looked at her, and said she is a very pretty watch. Then the prisoner said, She is a very pretty watch, I'll buy her of you; and if you will go along with me a little way, I'll pay you for her. He kept the watch in his hand. We went on till we came to the sign of the city of Hereford. He delivered it to one of the others, and they delivered it about to one another. They made a shift to get away from me with it, and I never got it again.

Q. What did you deliver it to the prisoner for?

Kitchen. For him to look at it. He at first went by the name of Pinwyre. I took him some time after, at the foot of Westminster-bridge, and charged him with my watch. He denied ever seeing me before, and after that he said my watch was pawned.

This not being a felony, he was acquitted ; but detained to be tried next sessions for a fraud.

6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-106
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Miscellaneous > fine; Miscellaneous > sureties

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547. (L.) THOMAS Scott was indicted (together with Thomas Cavenhan not taken) for that he, being a person of evil name and fame, and of dishonest conversation, and not regarding the laws and statutes of this realm, nor fearing the pains and penalties contained therein, on the 12th of August, in the 8th year of our sovereign Lord the King, with force and arms, by fraud, shift, cozenage, circumvention, and deceit, unlawful device and ill practice, did win, obtain, and acquire to himself fourteen pounds in money, the property of Daniel Brestow , by playing with the said Daniel, at hiding under a hat . ++

Daniel Brestow . I am servant to Mr. Nightingale, banker, in Lombard-street. On the 12th of August, 1768 , I came to town with my master. Soon after we put our horses up at the Horse and Groom, in the Borough, a man came by me, who appeared like a farmer; said he, It is very fine harvest weather. He kept directing his discourse, and said, We are just come out of the country, from a place called Tworton, between Bath and Bristol. He had dirty-coloured boots on. He walked with me a considerable way, till we came near the Boar's-head tavern, just by London-bridge. He said a friend of his keeps that house; and coming from Bristol, he would be glad, as I was a countryman, if I would go in and drink with him. I said I never drank before dinner, because it made me sick. He over and above persuaded me. He said, I am not used to drink myself before dinner, but a little wine or some liquor, with a bit of sugar and lemon, will not hurt any body. He went in, and called for six-pennyworth. Then I said after that, You are a stranger to me, I do not desire a stranger should treat, so I called for another. Then in came the prisoner with another young fellow. He appeared like a rakish young gentleman. He had on a green waistcoat, a brown coat, and a large ring on his finger. He strutted about. The other six-pennyworth was not brought in. The prisoner and the young gentleman came up to the bar, and called for a glass of brandy. I said to the farmer, It is very odd to drink brandy such a day as this. So it is, said he, but the custom is to drink brandy when you are hot. The young gentleman being out, the prisoner said, I have just picked this gentleman up, he was with some butchers here. I thought he would have been murdered. They were at so silly a thing as hiding under a hat, and that he persuaded him to go home. He said he was a Captain's clerk just come from sea, and had received three hundred pounds. That he had put two whores into a coach, and was going to a bawdy-house, and that he would play with any body. Then he left the farmer and me, and goes up to the young gentleman. (I can describe them no other way than by the prisoner, the farmer, and the young gentleman.) The young gentleman then pulled out a bag from his pocket, and shook it, and said he did not care for any body; for he should receive three hundred pounds more the week following, and that he had then three hundred in the bag. The farmer said, As you would not let me treat you, here is a house at the corner of Cannon-street, the George, I'll treat you there. The young gentleman and farmer went in first, and the prisoner and I followed them. Going in, the prisoner said to me, I would not have you pay any thing, for this young gentleman, as he is just come from sea, do you save your money, let him treat. We went into a little room on the right hand, as the house was newly painted. They got half a pint or a pint of brandy, and would insist upon my drinking. I begged to be excused, and would not drink. With a great deal of persuasion, they made me drink a very large glass full, which made me stupified. Upon that the young gentleman said he would bet any money that us three could not produce twenty pounds, and threw out upon the table a thirty-six-shilling piece, a moidore, and a nine-shilling piece. Then he quitted the room, and

left the prisoner and the farmer with me (I found afterwards) to back me on. Then he came in again, and said we were a parcel of land-lubbers. I am sure you can't produce twenty pounds among you all. Then he said he would bet two guineas out of that quantity of money to one guinea, that we did not. Upon that the prisoner said he had just been paying away a great deal of money, and he had not hardly any about him. The farmer said to me, How much have you? Then the young gentleman went out of the room again, and left them to talk to me. After they had talked to me a great deal, the farmer asked me how much money I could make, if I went home. I said, I must dress my master, and could not come out again soon. He asked me if I could not get into the house, without my master seeing of me. I said, No. (As he said if I could raise fourteen or fifteen guineas, he would make up the rest, and it would be a great service to me if we won to keep me in the country, as this gentleman has so much money. The young gentleman went in and out seven or eight times.) They made me drink another glass of brandy, and with a great deal of persuasion I went home, and brought fifteen guineas and a great deal of silver, five crown pieces among it. When I came in, the young gentleman goes out of the room again. Then they would go to the King's Arms tavern, in Cornhill. When I came out, they were at the corner of Change-Alley. I followed them in. There was a bottle of port, and four or five glasses on the table. They asked for a pen and ink to be brought into the room. They took a glass of wine each, and made me drink one. Said the farmer, I'll convince you that you are wrong (to the young gentleman) to guess three times out of four what a halfpenny shall be, heads or tails, to hide it myself under my own hat. Upon that the young gentleman and the farmer played for a shilling. The farmer put the halfpenny under himself. The young gentleman went to the farther end of the room and guessed. The farmer won seven or eight times. Upon that they played for half a guinea a time; he won again. Then the young gentleman quitted the room. The prisoner and farmer fell to persuading me to play. I told them I never gamed so high as a six-pence in my life, at cards or any thing else. They kept trying to persuade me. The prisoner said, If you don't get his money, somebody else will. The whores will, for he will spend it. Perhaps all this money will not last him above a month. Then he will go to sea again; and you may as well have it as the whores. I still stood in it I would not play. The farmer and the young gentleman played again. The farmer won again. Then they made me drink again. The young gentleman went out of the room again. Then with over and above persuasion, the farmer saying he had won so often, I might be convinced I should win, and the farmer would go partners with me. Then I consented to play, but would go no more than half a guinea. They wanted me to go ten or twelve guineas at once, the farmer was to go half; he stood at my right hand; we won the first half guinea, but the farmer would not let me have mine that I won. We went half a guinea each against the young gentleman's guinea. He said he would pay me before I went. Said the prisoner, You have no room to doubt the gentleman. You may as well go farther. Said the prisoner, How much can you go farther? Sir, You may as well go as much more. You see this man has won so much. You may as well go for ten or twenty guineas at once, as well as such a trifle. Then the young gentleman was out of the room. Upon that I shewed what I had got. With a great deal of persuasion I went for ten guineas at once. I took out ten guineas, and counted them in my hand, and the farmer took them out of my hand. I made a resistance. Said the prisoner, You can't suppose you will be cheated of your money; you are safe enough; you are in the room. As he was my partner, I could not suspect but he was an honest man. He threw my ten guineas into a hat upon the table, and the farmer threw ten guineas into the hat out of his pocket, but he would not let me look at them, and the young gentleman threw his great green purse into the hat, saying, If you win, you will be sure of your money; for there is five hundred guineas. Said the prisoner to me, You may be sure, for there is plenty to pay you. I took a halfpenny, and put it under my hat. When I put the hat down, the farmer always made that a rule to lift the hat up and see what the halfpenny was, and call to the young gentleman. He would not let me call once. His method was, What will you have? or, What will you have now? * I made resistance, and said I think I have a right to call myself. Said the prisoner, You can't suppose your partner will do wrong, that loses his money as well as you. The young gentleman won the ten guineas; he called right all the three times. Upon that the prisoner said, Gentlemen, you seem to have very bad luck, be in spirits, you will win all his money before he has done. With a great deal of persuasion, I went two guineas more; and the farmer he put in two guineas. We lost that time. Then I went a moidore. The prisoner said, So you seem to be rather out of spirits; why don't you go all at once? You will either get a great deal, or lose. You are sure of winning. He wanted me to put in all my crown pieces, and all my silver I had. After I lost my moidore, I seemed to be rather vexed, and out of spirits. I thought these must be a set of false fellows, that knew one another. The prisoner said, I have a friend, a woollen-draper, that lives in the Poultry; I can have seven or eight guineas there, and I will try my luck with him, and you shall see what we can do with him. Then the prisoner, as well as me, gave the farmer a strict charge to keep the young gentleman in the room till we came back, as he had won so much money. Then we went to go to the Poultry, but the prisoner said, We will go in here; at the King's Head tavern, by the Mansion-house. We will have half a pint of wine, and I will pay for the wine: it is but half a dozen doors higher. You need not go there, I will go myself. There he left me. I did not stay to drink the wine. I went back to the King's Arms in Cornhill again, but the young gentleman and the farmer were gone, and had taken my cane; there came the waiter, who said, I hope them gamblers have not taken you in? I thought they had been breaking you in as one of their gang. When I told him the circumstances, said he, I knew them to be a set of rogues in many places where I have lived. I applied to my Lord Mayor, and got a warrant, made special for Whitechapel way and for the Borough, and employed Justice Fielding's men. It has cost me above fourteen guineas to take these people. Also I walked up and down myself to see for them. I took the prisoner myself half a year after in the Strand. I was with the chariot coming to town with my master. I knew him as soon as I saw him. I carried him to my master's house in Lombard-street. When he came there, he desired to go to the necessary: he looked round him when there, and said, There is no place to get out; you need not stand by me. I said, I will not leave you. He took this purse out of his pocket, and dropped it down the water closet. I thought I heard some noise, so as soon as he got off the necessary, I took it out. (Produced a net-work purse with a large quantity of yellow counters in it, fastened in with net-work above, so that if a good guinea was above, those would not come out with it.) Then master desired I would take care of him. Master went with me to the Mansion-House. There were six or seven such gilt pieces taken out of each of the prisoner's shoes: there was also a powder-horn found upon him. He made interest to get bail, and neither he nor his bail appeared to have his trial, so they have forfeited their recognizance. I took him since at the end of Tooley-street, with two other people with him. He made the greatest resistance, and said I might take the bail, he would not go with me. I insisted on his coming with me, and brought him the second time to my master's house, where Sir Charles Asgill was. Sir Charles ordered him to be searched, and another such bag was found upon him.

* The word (now) was information sufficient, they having privately settled whether with or without that word, was heads, &c.


Q. How long have you lived in London?

Bristow. I have lived in London about eight years.

Q. Did you never hear of this sort of business before?

Bristow. No, I never did.

Q. Did the prisoner play with you at all?

Bristow. No, he only desired me to play, and appeared to be of their party.

Richard Wiltshire . I am a waiter at the King's Arms tavern in Cornhill. I have seen the prisoner several times.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoner and the prosecutor together?

Wiltshire. Yes, I did in one of our lower rooms. They came in and called for a bottle of wine. There were two or three more with

them. There were two in, and one walking about backwards and forwards, looking in at the window. This was the day that the prosecutor came back again, and complained he had lost his money.

Q. Where did the other man walk about?

Wiltshire. In 'Change-Alley. Some of these men went out and spoke to him several times. I have seen the others in company with the prisoner before that time. I was in the room with them there, and I have seen them where I lived in Holborn. One of them is a carpenter.

Q. Are you sure the prisoner was one in company that day the prosecutor mentions?

Wiltshire. I am sure; not only so, but he never denied it.

John Levington . I searched the prisoner before my Lord Mayor. I think I took three yellow counters out of one shoe, and four out of the other. (Produced in Court, being about the size of a guinea, with Queen Ann on one side, and like the tail side of a six-pence on the tail side.)

Mr. Martendale. I was sent for when the prisoner was before Sir Charles Asgi , where he ordered me to search him. The prisoner took out this purse, and threw it on the table. There are one hundred and one such counters as the others produced here. (Produced in Court, fastened in as the others, not one good piece among them.) I found a counterfeit eighteen shilling piece upon him, and by Sir Charles's order I carried him to the Compter.

Guilty . Imprisoned .

[Fine. See summary.]

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

Joseph Blewmore.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-107
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Miscellaneous > fine; Miscellaneous > sureties

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548. (L.) Joseph Blewmore was indicted for being a person of evil name and fame, and of dishonest conversation, and not regarding the laws and statutes of this realm, nor fearing the pains nor penalties contained therein, on the third of March last, with force of arms, by fraud, shift, cozenage, circumvention, deceit, unlawful device, and ill practice, did win, obtain, and acquire to himself one silver watch, value 31. six guineas, and two half guineas, the property of William Whitley , in playing at a game called hiding under the hat , March 3 .

William Whitley . I am a shoemaker by trade, and work in King-street, Wapping. I keep a little cart, and used to do jobs, I wanted a horse, so I went to Smithfield on the third of March to buy one. I went up to the rails, and saw a strong bay mare. I looked at her head, and asked the price of her. They asked nine guineas for her. I said she is blind of one eye. I looked about the market some time, and observed some gentlemen were looking at her as a man was riding her about. There came up a man in company with the prisoner at the bar, who said, Are you buying her? I said, Yes. He said she is a strong mare, but will not do for you: she is blind of one eye, and almost blind of the other, and has got a touch of the scurf upon her heel. I said, There are some gentlemen about her; I shall see if she stumbles. I concluded what the man said to be true, as she stumbled. He told me there were two very good ones, that were a little worked down, but the man would not sell one without the other. The one was for riding and drawing, the other for only riding. I told him I should be obliged to him to see them. He said he should be glad that I would. He said it is almost four o'clock, and the man would be here with them soon. He went about Smithfield with me, and seemed not to know the place where the house was. He carried me to the Welch Harp in Cloth-Fair, and said to the landlord, Has the man been here with the two horses that I was with last night? The landlord said, No, Sir, he is not come yet. The man said he was to come at four o'clock, and as it is almost four, he will be here soon, according to promise. He asked me what I chose to drink; I said, what he liked, I liked. He bid the landlord bring six-penny worth of brandy and water. There was a little room where a curtain was. He said, We will go in here, if there is no company. We went in. There sat the prisoner on one side the fire-place, and a man that they called a breeches-maker with something in a handkerchief, which seemed like a pair of breeches. He sat by the other corner. The prisoner had a bowl of punch before him. The man said as we went in, I hope you are not about business. The prisoner d - ning said, No, we are not; you may sit down if you will. We sat down and drank our liquor out. The prisoner was swearing many oaths; he passed for the captain of the Hawke Indiaman, and the breeches-maker called him Captain. The Captain said to me and the man that picked me up; You can't eat lobs couse; that we were poor farmers. Presently he takes a purse out of his pocket with something that looked like guineas, and threw them upon the table: then he snatched it up again. After that he took some real money out of his pocket, and went out at the door, and came in presently after. This man that

went in with me said, Our liquor is out, let us play for six-penny worth. I said with all my heart, that will not hurt us. The Captain came in again: then the man with me said, I'll do you over for six-penny worth. The other said, Aye. Then he pulled out with his six-pence some guineas and some half guineas. We won six-pence at hiding under the hat. I put the halfpenny under, and my partner lifted up the hat and looked at the halfpenny. Then he said to the Captain, What do you cry, a man's head, or a woman's head? The other said a woman's head. It was not what he cried. Then we won. The Captain then made a great talking about whores, that it was a great expence, and he did not mind money, saying, he had been among a parcel of butchers and had lost 50 l. The breeches-maker said, Sir, if I had not been there, you would have been almost killed. Then the Captain kept swearing and talking to him, and said, Here, you was a good fellow, here is a guinea for you, and laid a guinea into the breeches-maker's hand. The breeches-maker said, Sir, I don't desire it. Said the Captain, You was a good fellow, when the butchers won my money, take and keep it. Then the man put it into his pocket. After that, the Captain went out: he had got his pocket filled with liquor and came in with it, and we took share of it. Then he said, Have you a mind to play for forty, or fifty, or one hundred pounds? Said my partner, Do you think you can do him over? No, said I; I have not got any such money to play. I have but seven guineas, and that I intend to lay out for this horse that I wait for. Said he, Let us have a stroke at him for about a five-and-three-pence or half a guinea; that will not hurt us. The horse will be worth the money. So I did. We put the halfpenny as before under the hat, and my partner lifted it up, and looked at it, and said, Captain, what do you cry, a man's head or a woman's head? Then the Captain with an oath cried one of them. The Captain lost. This was for half a guinea. After we drank up our liquor, the Captain went out and brought in half a pint of brandy, and sat down on his chair again. The man that was my partner takes the pot, and pours his liquor into our bowl, and said, Drink heartily. I took it and drank, and he drank after me, and gave it to me, and I drank again. I then found myself quite intoxicated. I said the horse will not come, and I should lose my market, as it grew tish. He said, No, no, the horse will soon be here; you have no occasion to be in a hurry. Then he said to me, How much money have you got? I said, I have got but seven guineas. Then he said, What do you think of this fellow? (meaning the prisoner.) I said, I think he is a foolish fellow. The prisoner kept swearing and damning, that he did not value money; for what was money to him, he could go on board a ship and get money. Then he threw his purse upon the table again, and his guineas scattered about. He said, There, you may take some if you will. I said, I do not want your money. My partner said, He does not mind his money; you and I may as well win twenty or thirty of him. I said I have no such money to play. Then my partner pulled out a pocket-book, and took out a note drawn upon some banker for twenty-nine pounds, odd money. They looked at it, and called it a banker's cheque. Said he, You fool, if you lose, you shall not want for money; I will go and change this note, and get cash for it. He said, It is all nonsense to be afraid; we are sure to win. I said, If I should lose, I should not be able to get the horse. He said, No, no, do not fear, for I will get cash for this note, and let us play for twenty. I said, No, I can't. Said he, You have got seven guineas, and your watch value at three pounds, that is ten: let us drink again, and have better heart. So I drank, and being confused, I laid my watch and money down: the prisoner pulled a handkerchief out of his pocket, laid his purse in the handkerchief, took my watch and money, and wrapped all up in the handkerchief, and laid it on the table: then my partner said, Do not be dishearented, take a halfpenny out of your pocket. I did, Said he, Lay it under your hat. Then he took up the hat every time, and looked at the halfpenny, and said to the prisoner, What do you cry now, a man's head, or a woman's head? The prisoner, with an oath, said as it happened to be. He was to guess three times out of four for the whole money and watch. He guessed three times right. Then he takes and sweeps the watch, money, and purse and all, into his pocket. I then said to my partner, You will change your note. He said, Stay a bit, and I will. (I had tied my horse to the rails in Smithfield.) I said I will go and see if my horse is safe. I hope you will be honourable enough to stay till I come. I went, and when I returned they were all made off. I said to the landlord of the house, Where are the gentlemen that I was with? Said he, They have paid their reckoning and are gone. I said, Do you know them? No, said he. There was a man with a whip in his hand, and a pair of boots on, said, They are gone into Smithfield after you. I rode into Smithfield as hard as I could, and came back again. There were two or three men said, they believed I had lit of a parcel of sharpers, and said they were gone the other way. There were several people came out and said it was a house of bad fame, and that bad people used it, but they said they would endeavour to remedy me. They told me to go my Lord Mayor, and acquaint him about it. (Since that the man of the house has left it.) I have been after the prisoner several times, but never could find him. I happened to be at Blackheath fair, and there I saw the prisoner standing close by me, dressed very grand, with ruffles on. I took hold of him, and charged him. The people said, I was going to rob a gentleman. I said, If I do wrong I must suffer; but I will tell no body till I come to a justice of peace. I got him by the collar, when two men came up and offered to strike at me with sticks, upon which the prisoner got from me, and ran in at the Green-Man. I ran in, and caught him by the collar again. Some people were for me, and some against me; but with assistance I took him before Justice Russel. The man that rescued him walked by me several times. When the prisoner owned before the justice, that he parted with my watch, and had had my money, one of the gentlemen that seemed to take my part, and the officer, were sent in pursuit of the men that cleared him from me, but they could not find them. As Mr. Nightingale's servant had found false money upon his man, I desired the justice to give me leave to search him. I pulled off his shoes, but found nothing upon him, but a pocket-book. Then the justice told me, as the fact was done in the city, I must take him before my Lord Mayor. I sent my horse and cart home, and brought the prisoner up by water. I brought him to this Session-house, the day the Sessions ended, the Sessions before last; he was committed to the Compter.

Q. from the Prisoner. Did you not ask me to play?

Prosecutor. No, I did not.

Prisoner's Defence.

As I was sitting in the room, there came in the prosecutor and another man, they asked for a person; the landlord said he had not been there yet, but he expected him. I pulled out a guinea to pay my reckoning. The landlord returned it, and said it was too light. I pulled out seven or eight, and said he might take which he liked. These men were for playing a game at whist; the prosecutor said he did not mind three pence; he went out and called for brandy and water, and a pack of cards. The landlord said he allowed no cards: then it was agreed to toss up. The prosecutor said, That was all one, the landlord would hear us, and come in and prevent us. He was for hiding under his hat. They were to guess the best two in three. I won six-pence of the prosecutor, and when I went out at the door, he came after me and said, The gentleman has got a good ten or twenty pounds. I said, I never would play for ten or twenty pounds. Said he, Do not be afraid, you are winning. I said, What shall I do? I shall be ruined for ever. Said he, Do not be afraid, if you lose, I will make it up to you. Then I said, If you will be as good as your word, I will. He did not play with me at all, the other man and I played for seven guineas.

Q. from the prisoner. Whether you did not come out of the room to persuade me to play?

Prosecutor. I never went out of the room till I had lost all my money.

Prisoner. His partner struck me.

Prosecutor. My partner was quite complaisant with him.

Prisoner. They both talked together, as if they had been acquainted seven years.

Prosecutor. I never saw the man before in my life.

Prisoner. I was just come out of the country: I never saw one of them before. I lived with my mother. She gave me twenty-nine guineas, when I came up from her.

Prosecutor. I saw him shake the bag, a little money came out, not all. I imagine the false money was fastened in.

Guilty . Imprisoned .

Compare these with No. 22, and No. 129, in this Mayoralty, and No. 640, in Mr. Alderman Harley's Mayoralty, and the old stale trick, which is newly revived of pricking in the belt, No. 479, in Mr. Alderman Blachford's Mayoralty.

[Fine. See summary.]

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

John Harrison.
6th September 1769
Reference Numbert17690906-108
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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6th September 1769
Reference Numbero17690906-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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6th September 1769
Reference Numbers17690906-1
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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgement as follows:

Received Sentence of Death 17.

Abraham Peter , John Hill , George Low , John Stafford , John Priest , Jacob Snarbo , Joseph Stackhouse , William Litchfield , John Hinemarsh , John Anning , Patrick Murphy , Joseph Godwin , John Watson otherwise William Davis, Joseph Simpson , Ann Claxton otherwise Darlin otherwise Underwood, Sarah Haycock , and William Taunton .

Transportation for 14 years, 1.

William Dailey otherwise Deely.

Transportation for 7 years, 48.

Robert Bell , Sarah Holmes , Richard Clements , James Dean , Matthew Crofts , Samuel Gibson , Thomas Babb , Rachael Pindar , Samuel Bailey , George Frazer , Charles Burridge , Sarah Gardiner , William Bagnell , James Rowlins , Robert Henry otherwise Horton, Thomas Law , Elizabeth Ireland , John Caton , William Stapleton , David Price otherwise Pissey, Ann Barrett , William Ireland , Susanna Fleming , Mary White , Paul Coustin , Sarah Baxter , Martha Maddox , Thomas Hall , John Roberts , Edward Melon , John Scott otherwise Piggot, Golden Boosey otherwise Bland, Sarah Gibbard otherwise Mary Jones, Mary Gill , John Edwood , Ann Stroud , William Head , James Mashman , Edward Hughes , Thomas Edghill , Abraham Barnet , Michael Hymes , Stephen Mackaway , Bartholomew Fenton , Elizabeth Brown , Jane Bidds , Robert Lagden , and George Kessell .

Branded, 1.

James Brannan , and to be imprisoned three months.

Whipped, 7.

Mary Jemmison , Ann Downs , John Moon , Catherine Riley , Mary Yates , Peter Cook , and Samuel Marshfield otherwise Mitchell.

Thomas Scot and Joseph Blumore to pay a fine of one shilling each to the King, to be imprisoned in Newgate for the space of two years each, and to find sureties for their good behaviour for twelve months from that time; themselves in 100 l. each, and each two sureties 50 l. a piece.

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Reference Numbers17690906-1
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