Old Bailey Proceedings.
22nd February 1769
Reference Number: 17690222

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numberf17690222-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY. On Wednesday the 22d, Thursday the 23d, Friday the 24th, and and Saturday the 24th of FEBRUARY, 1769.

In the Ninth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Third SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable Samuel Turner , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Sold by S. Bladon, at No. 28, in Pater-noster-Row.


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Termine. and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable SAMUEL TURNER , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir Edward Clive , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas *; the Honourable Mr. Baron Perrott +; Edward Willes , Esq; one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench ||; James Eyre , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The * + || and ++ refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoners were tried. L. London, M. Middlesex Jury.

London Jury.

Nicholas Pennington ,

Thomas Caslon ,

James Stamp ,

Edward Barnard ,

Charles Wright ,

George Commins ,

Henry Bland ,

James Motley ,

Thomas Preston ,

Joseph Tenniswood ,

Edward Hill ,

Benjamin Hanson .


James Sheridine ,

Samuel Rider ,

Silvester Langfield ,

James Lamb ,

Richard Head ,

George Ward ,

Thomas Parker ,

John Clare ,

John Hillam ,

Francis Jackson ,

Charles Heath ,

John Cockran .

Peter Graham.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-1
VerdictNot Guilty

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143. (L.) Peter Graham was indicted for stealing six silk and cotton handkerchiefs, value 12 s. the property of Robert Bulcock , Feb. 6 . ++

Richard Downer . I am a haberdasher of hats. The prosecutor, Mr. Bulcock, is a haberdasher . I live opposite to him in Bishopsgate-street . On the 6th of February, just about six in the evening, I was informed the prisoner was at Mr. Bullock's window, attempting to cut a pane of glass with a diamond. He had been at our window several times trying to cut it. I went out at our back door, and crossed the way to him. I laid hold of his collar, and saw he had the end of a piece of handkerchiefs, and had got it out at a hole through the glass, about five inches. A person that lives with the prosecutor came out, and we took the prisoner into the house. We found the diamond afterwards upon a boy that was with him.

John Hopley . I live with Mr. Bulcock. I found a pane of glass broke, and this piece of handkerchiefs, with one end, about six inches, drawn through. (Produced and sworn to.) The glass was whole in the morning.

The prisoner being detected before he had compleated the felony, by getting the piece into his possession, he was acquitted .

Elizabeth Miles.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-2

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144. (L.) Elizabeth Miles , spinster, was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 10 s.

the property of Esther Hart , widow, Feb. 2 . ++

Esther Hart . I am a pawnbroker , and live in Grub-street . On the 2d of February the prisoner came to our house, and asked for a handkerchief, which she said lay for 9 d. The bell being broke, I was obliged to go up stairs to call my servant to look for it. I returned in about two minutes. My servant said there was no such handkerchief. I said to the prisoner, You have come a great many times for goods which I never found. Then she went out immediately. As soon as she was gone I missed a linen gown, which I had taken in that day, from under the counter: We always put the goods of the present day there. I went out to see for her, but she was got out of sight. I sent a person out to see for her, and she was brought back in about a quarter of an hour. I took her before my Lord Mayor, there she utterly denied it. She was committed to the Compter, till I could get an opportunity to see about among the pawnbrokers for the gown. I found it by inquiring at Mr. Berry's, a pawnbroker in Barbican. I have known the prisoner two or three years, by using my shop.

John Morgan . I am servant with Mr. Berry in Barbican. I took in this linen gown of the prisoner at the bar on the 2d of February, between nine and ten o'clock; it might be something later.

Q. to Prosecutrix. What time did the prisoner goout of your shop that day? (The gown produced.)

Prosecutrix. I cannot be exact to the time. I think it was about ten o'clock. This is the same gown. I have had it, I believe, ten or a dozen times before, and know it well. There was no body in the shop, but the prisoner, when I went up to order the handkerchief to be looked for.

Prisoner's Defence.

I pawned the gown for my sister.

Guilty . T .

John Woodthey.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-3

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145. (M.) John Woodthey was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Dominique Angelo Jermamondo , on the 23d of January, about the hour of twelve in the night, and stealing two japan dressing-boxes, value 1 s. the property of the said Dominique, in his dwelling-house . ||

Bartholomew Flanagen . I am servant to Mr. Dominique Angelo Jermamondo ; he has a country house at Acton ; I always lie in that house. On the 23d of January there was no body laid in the house but myself; I laid in a room up one pair of stairs. I walked round the house, and looked about the garden; then locked the doors and made all fast, and went to bed between nine and ten. I heard a good deal of noise between twelve and one in the next room. I got up and looked about the house softly, and as there are a good many cats in the house, I thought it might be them. Then I went to bed again.

Q. What sort of a noise was it you heard?

Flannagen. It was as if something was rustling against the window. As soon as I laid down in my bed I heard the window in the next room fall in. Then I got up again, and went into the room, and saw the prisoner standing in the middle of the room packing up several things. Taking the dressing glass from the table, he came and struck me with his fist, and made no attempt to get off, but then fought me with an iron that he had in his hand. The moon shone bright into the room. I fought him till I mastered him. I saw a ladder standing up against the window; I took and drawed that up into the room. I took him down stairs, and sat over him with a gun till seven o'clock; then I brought him to a constable: he confessed he brought the ladder out of Mr. Bristow's yard, which is not above an hundred yards from the window. (It was Mr. Bristow's ladder.) The bar of the window was bent so that it was forced out of its place. It was a sash window with the shutters on the inside; the shutter was shoved on one side, and the glass broke. He had throwed two japan dressing boxes out of the window before I came into the room, which were found in the morning, some distance from the window: he confessed he throwed them out. We found a knife and a great long iron scure in his pocket. I know that window was whole, and the shutter fastened over night.

Edw Baldwin . I am one of the constables at Acton. On the 23d of January the prisoner was brought to me about seven o'clock in the morning, and I took him before the justice about nine; there he was charged with this fact, and he did not deny it.

Ambrose Aldridge . I was at work about two hundred yards from the prosecutor's house. I saw Mr. Flanagan bring the prisoner out; they were both bloody and scratched about their heads and faces. Flanagan had a gun on his shoulder, and had hold of the prisoner. I went into the room, and saw the window was broken. I

looked out and saw the two dressing boxes lying at some distance. There was a ladder lying in the room, the room was bloody in several places, the cieling was broke and the sides of the room bloody (The two dressing boxes produced and deposed to by Flanagan.)

Flanagan. I believe the window was broke by pushing the ladder against it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was very much in liquor. I wanted to get to a place to lie down, and seeing a ladder stand against a window, I got up upon it, and fell down into the house. I had no intent to rob the house. I had nothing to do it with. When I was in the house, the man came and struck me with an iron bar, and knocked me down: I got up again, he knocked me down again, and after that he knocked me down a third time. I had fourteen cuts on my head.

Guilty . Death .

John Lewis.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-4
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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146. (M.) John Lewis was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Robert Hucks , Esq; on the 11th of January in the night, and stealing one light coloured cloth coat, waistcoat, and breeches, value 2 l. two scarlet waistcoats, value 10 s. one blue cloth coat, value 10 s. one black-silk waistcoat, value 10 s. one Bath flannel great-coat, value 10 s. three pair of stockings, value 2 s. eleven linen shirts, value 5 l. a Pompadour coat, waistcoat, and breeches, value 3 l. the property of John Robinson , in the dwelling house of the said Robert Hucks . ||

John Robinson . I am clerk to Robert Hucks , Esq ; his dwelling house is in Leicester-Fields, but his brewhouse is in Dukestreet, Bloomsbury , and my apartment is there. There is only I and Mr. William Hucks , my master's kinsman, that lie there. We have two bedchambers there; mine is in the brewhouse, and his joining to the brewhouse. I had been out all the afternoon. On the 11th of January I came home about nine at night, when I found my apartment broke open, and the things laid in the indictment gone (mentioning them). They were taken out of a box and clothes press. They were neither of them locked before. The window to my room, which is about fifteen or sixteen feet from the ground, had twelve pains of glass in it, four of them were broke, and the frame that contained them, which made a hole in the sash big enough for a man to get through. I went to Sir John Fielding and got bills printed, and the next day, about twelve o'clock, one of his constables and a pawnbroker came to my house with my Pompadour suit of clothes, when they ordered me to attend at Sir John's by five. I did, and swore to them; there was the prisoner.

Q. Did you know him before?

Robinson. Yes. He had worked at our brew-house about three years ago. We got a search-warrant the next morning and searched his lodging, which was but about two hundred yards from the brewhouse. There we found the remainder of my clothes.

Q. How do you think he got to your window?

Robinson. I found a ladder upon a parapet wall, which was taken from the new building. The ladder stood about five or six yards from the window, from the ladder he might get to a leaden gutter which joins my window.

Ann Burnham . I made Mr. Robinson's bed on the 11th of January, about seven in the evening, then I made that window fast, which was then whole, and about nine, when Mr. Robinson missed his things, I went and saw the window was broke as he has described it, and one of the shutters was pushed open.

Tho Powell . I am servant to a pawnbroker. On the 12th of January, about noon, the prisoner brought this suit of clothes, and offered them to pawn. We asked him whose they were; he said, they were his brother's, who was very ill in Middlesex hospital. We asked him what he wanted upon them, and what was the value of them; he said he did not know the value. I had received the bill from Sir John Fielding 's. I found this suit of Pompadour clothes in the bill. I stopt him, and took him into the parlour. Then he said a man, not his brother, sent him with them. Then I took him to Sir John Fielding 's, and after that went to the prosecutor's, who owned the clothes. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Tho Kent . I keep the taphouse at Esquire Hucks's brewhouse. On the night Mr. Robinson was robbed he called me up into his room. I saw it was broke as he has mentioned, I was before Sir John Fielding the next day, when the prisoner was there. I saw the constable take a key from him. He said it was the key of his lodgings, but would not tell where his lodgings were. He said his wife was sick at the Middlesex hospital. I went, and by her found the prisoner's lodgings was at the house of one M'Cardell,

in Church-street, St. Gyles's; we went there, and the constable unlocked the door with the key; there we found all the other clothes littered about the room, some in one place and some in another. (Produced in court and deposed to.)

John Dumbleton . I saw the constable (who is not here) open the door with that key which was found upon the prisoner, and saw the clothes found in the room.

Eliz. M'Cardell . The prisoner lodged in my house (a woman hired the room which past for his wife, she is since dead in the hospital,) they had not been in the lodging but little more than a week. The key, that the constable unlocked the door with, is the same that belongs to the lock. The clothes were found in his room.

Q. What is the prisoner?

E. M'Cardell. He went under the denomination of a brewer's servant .

Prisoner's Defence.

I put my wife in the hospital some days before this happened. I had no fire at home, and no place to get my victuals. I went to a public house; there were two men drinking: one of them I had seen before, but not the other. I drank share of a pot or two of bear along with them. They went away and bid me good night. I had a pennyworth of purl after that; they came again, in about three quarters of an hour, and brought two bundles of clothes. They asked me if I had any place where they could leave their bundles till the morrow; I said I had. I carried them up stairs, and put them into my room. On the morrow one of the men came, and tied up one of the suits of clothes in two handkerchiefs. I thought I would go and carry my wife a little wine. The man asked me if I would take the suit of clothes and pawn them for him; I told him I was too weak, I was not able to carry them. I had laid in bed four days before that, Mrs. M'Cardell knows.

M'Cardell. He had been very ill; it was the goal distemper; he had been in Newgate. He kept his bed a day or two; I cannot say positively how long.

Q. Did he go out on the 11th of January?

M'Cardell. He did, and came home with a parcel at night between nine and ten. He was very dirty and very fatigued, and said he was very tired.

Q. Did any body come with him?

E. M'Cardell. No. I did not see him till he came down to light his candle.

Prisoner. The two men came with me to the door with the clothes, one of them went with me to the pawnbroker's, and bid me go in and pawn them for 30 s. I went in, and asked 30 s. upon them, and they stop me. I do not know where they had the clothes.

Prosecutor. The shirts had been thrown out of the window; they were all dirty.

Q. Do you think one man could break the window, and do it?

Prosecutor. I think one man might, the weight of the things are not so heavy, but one man might carry them with ease.

Guilty 39 s. T .

William Baynam, Charles Lockinton.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-5
VerdictsNot Guilty

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147, 148. (M.) William Baynam and Charles Lockinton , otherwise Lockhart , were indicted; the first for stealing 175 lb. weight of indico, value 52 l. 10 s. and the other for receiving 107 lb. weight of the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , Feb. 2 . ||

Andrew Curvan . I am a merchant . About the beginning of February I was told a cask of mine was broke open; I went on board the vessel, where my indico was, and found a cask broke open. We found there were 175 lb. of indico taken out of it.

Q. What was it worth a pound?

Curvan. It is worth 6 s. a pound; there was in the whole 389 lb. in the, cask at first. On the 4th of February Mr. Scofield, the broker who bought it for me, took me to the house of one Mary Jones , in the Borough, where we found 107 lb. weight of it. I asked Mr. Green where he had it; he would not let me know. It is a particular sort of indico. I really believe it to be mine which was missing out of that cask; it has a particular coat upon it, a white coat. It is French indico; there is no such indico in London to be had as that is I believe. I had been looking for more, but could not meet with any.

Q. Has all French indico that sort of a coat on it?

Curvan. No.

James Scofield . I am a broker. I bought some indico for Mr. Curvan, for exportation, the latter end of January last. I sold it to him on the 24th. I had a sample shewed me by Mr. Green, at the coffee-house in change time, on the 3 d of February, and told there was about 400 lb. weight of it. I told Mr. Green immediately, I

knew that indico, and that I had sold it at the beginning of the week to Mr. Curvan. It is a most particular kind of indico. At that time I did not know the indico had been lost. I told him I suspected it to have been stolen, and bid him take care what he was about. He desired me not to take notice to any body what he was going to tell me (but perhaps that is immaterial to the matter). I went with Mr. Curvan to Mrs. Jones's, and there saw the indico, and knew it to be the same I sold him. There were about 108 lb. weight of it. I question whether there is any such in London besides. I sold it to Mr. Curvan for 6 s. a pound. ( Some of the indico produced-in court.) There are very few casks of indico come into the kingdom, but what I see.

Q. Do you mean to swear positively this was the same indico you bought for Mr. Curvan?

Scofield. I do. I have it now in my possession.

Q. How is indico manufactured?

Scofield. It is made of a weed; by fermenting it with lime they bring it into a stone.

Peter Bradley . Mr. Scofield sent some indico to me for Mr. Curvan; I have seen the remainder in the cask, and that found in the Borough, which certainly is the same. I had it from Lime-street. I was shewed a great quantity of indico, but there was no other like this one cask, which was the occasion I did not chuse to have it myself. I swear positively this is of the same indico. I never saw such indico in England before.

Edw Thorn . On the 1st of February I took in a cask of indico on board my lighter. It was stowed among some cotton. My lighter lay off Porter's key . It was the property of Mr. Andrew Curvan . I carried the lighter and laid her alongside the ship, about nine o'clock in the morning. On the Friday following the captain came, and told me the lighter had been robbed. I went and found almost half the indico was missing.

Edw Thorn the elder. I am a lighterman. I remember a cask of indico was put on board the lighter on the 1st of February. I saw it there in the evening. After we heard it had been pilfered, I went with Mr. Curvan, and found it had been moved, and the head taken out, and part of the indico gone.

James Sharp . I am a seafaring man, and live at Wapping. On the 1st of February, about two in the afternoon, two young men came to me; one was named Hunter; they brought some indico; one of them took two or three pieces out of his pocket, and asked me if I knew what it was. I said I did not know. He said it was indico, and that it was very dear. He told me he wanted to sell it, and he would satisfy any body for their trouble, if they would get any body to buy it. I went to Mr. Lockhart's house, but he was not at home; he came to me between five and six the same day to the house of Mr. Gordon, the Watermens Arms and Black Boy. He asked what I wanted with him. I shewed him a piece of indico.

Q. What is he?

Sharp. I cannot tell. I have known him to buy coffee of a captain and other things. He said he had bought as good for fifteen or sixteen pence a pound, and if I could buy it for eighteen, he would give me two shillings a pound for it. He asked me if I knew the man that brought it; I said I did not, but I heard he was a mate of a ship; then he said there was no danger, if the man had that appearance, in buying it; he said, Buy it by all means. I told him I had no money; he said, he would help me to money. After that Hunter and the other man came to me at Gordon's house; the man delivered 23 lb. of indico to me, and I told him I could get him 18 d. a pound for it. They carried it themselves to Lockhart's door, and I carried it in; they told me they must have the money, but Mr. Lockhart was not at home; I inquired where he was, and went to him, and he gave me two guineas, and I delivered it to them; he said, if that would not do, he would change a 10 l. note. This was about seven at night, and at nine, or a little after, the said two men and Baynam came to my house, and brought a bag; Baynam brought it; there were 82 lb. of it; they laid it down and went away.

Q. Did you know Baynam before?

Sharp. I did, he is a waterman . I sold that to Lockhart, and carried three guineas to the other two men, and gave it them. I did not pay a farthing to Baynam. I saw Baynam and one of the other men, on the second, being Thursday morning, about eight o'clock: the other man asked me for the remainder of the money. My wife went and borrowed two half guineas, and I had 2 s. of my own, which I gave to Baynam. In all, they had four guineas for that parcel.

Wm Strange. I am the keeper of the House of correction in the Borough. On the 8th of February Baynam was brought in, and Sharp was

brought in the day before; at that time Sharp was charged as a principal in the robbery. I said to Baynam, Sharp has been charging you with stealing this indico, do you know any thing of the matter? it is on his account you are taken up. Baynam said he was a poor fellow, a waterman, he was employed to carry them from the Middlesex side to the Surry side. The lighter lay on the Surry side, near Rotherhithe church, as I understood; and they went alongside the lighter, and ordered him to stay; they then put something into his boat in a bag, and he rowed them to the Middlesex side again, and they went on shore with it to Sharp's house.

Both acquitted .

Richard Pearce.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-6
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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149. (L.) Richard Pearce was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Charles Hennings , Clerk , January 18 . ++

Charles Henning . On the 18th of January I was in St. Paul's Church-yard , going towards Fleetstreet, when I found a kind of a jirk at my pocket; I turned round immediately, and saw the prisoner with my handkerchief in his hand. He put it behind him and dropped it. I took it up, and took hold of him, and asked him what business he had with my handkerchief; he said, he was going to pick it up himself. I took him to the Mansion-house, but my Lord Mayor being not at at home he was put in the Compter. I went with him the next day before my Lord Mayor, and he committed him. (The handkerchief produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming home through St. Paul's Church-yard. The gentleman said, You rascal, I believe you have picked my pocket. I never saw the handkerchief till he held it up to my face. I am a mason by trade.

Prosecutor. He told me he was a shoemaker, and he said the same before my Lord Mayor.

He called Robert Pearce , his brother, Martha Cooper , James and Rebecca Richardson , and John Rowley , who said he was an honest, industrious young man.

Guilty . W .

Margaret Constable.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-7
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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150. (L.) Margaret Constable , widow, was indicted for stealing two dozen of worsted stockings, value 3 l. the property of Alexander Mitchell , January 26 . ++

Alexander Mitchel . I live in Bazing-lane , and am a merchant . On the first of this instant February, I was informed that a woman was detected that had stole some of my stockings. I went before my Lord Mayor; the prisoner was there. I heard her confess she had stole the stockings from me: there were a dozen pair of them. I had not missed them, but I knew them to be mine when I saw them.

Q. Could you miss so small a quantity?

Prosecutor. I could miss two pair. The prisoner owned she stole them from No. 17. in Bazing-lane, that is where I live. She used to clean my shoes. She said, when the maid let her in she took them, and put them in her apron when the maid was gone up stairs.

Isaac Levi . The prisoner nursed my wife in her lying in, about fifteen or sixteen months ago, and she used to wash for us. She brought these stockings to me to sell, and I suspecting her, charged a constable with her: then she confessed she stole them from the prosecutor in Bazing-lane. I sent for him, and he owned them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found them.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Isaac Loach.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-8

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151. (L.) Isaac Loach was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Thomas Rammell , February 17 . ++

Thomas Rammell . On the 17th of February, in the afternoon, about half an hour after four, I was in Cheapside: going towards Cheapside-Conduit, a little before I got to Woodstreet , I felt something at my pocket; the prisoner at the same time turned round. I saw no body near me but him: I said, Friend, you have picked my pocket, and took hold of him; he fell a crying, and begged I would let him go, and said he had not. I took him into an alley. A gentleman came to know what was the matter. Somebody went for a constable. In the interim the prisoner dropt my handkerchief in the channel, in the dirt. It was picked up and delivered to the constable. (Produced and deposed to.)

Charles Marshal . I saw the prosecutor have the prisoner by the collar, accusing him with stealing his handkerchief; the prisoner shewed him one; the prosecutor said, that was not his. A gentleman said, The prisoner has dropt it: it was taken up from under his feet in the channel.

Prisoner's Defence.

The gentleman took me down an alley. I never had the handkerchief. I am a weaver by trade.

Guilty . T .

John Charter.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-9

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152. (L.) John Charter was indicted for stealing a piece of silver, value 10 d. the property of James Richards , February 1 . ++

James Richards . I live in Bridgewater-square , and am a watch-case maker ; the prisoner was my journeyman . I missed silver at different times to a great amount. About the latter end of January the prisoner's landlord, where he lodges, sent me word, he had charcoal, sea-coal, and wood, and on the Sunday he had made a great fire, which had alarmed some of his neighbours; they thought he had been doing something that he should not. I went up into his room, and found some of the remains of the things, some pearl ash, and between two and three pounds in money; upon which I imparted this to some of my men, and ordered him to be set about some work, and take particular notice what silver I gave him. I marked two pieces of silver, and put them into the window, between the bar and the casement, where he sat; he had not been at work from the Wednesday till the Monday following, and the Wednesday after I missed one of the pieces of silver. I told two of my men of it, and we went and found him at the Coach and Horses in Aldersgate-street: I charged him with having robbed me; he denied it: I said, You have some of my property about you; he said he had not. I desired him to let me search him; he consented, and pulled his clothes off in the presence of the people, and I found the piece of silver that I missed in the fob of his breeches. ( Produced and deposed to, by a hole made in it and being bent at one end.) I mistrusted him some time, by his earning so little and spending so much.

John Taylor . I am a journeyman to the prosecutor. My master told me he had lost silver at different times. I saw this piece of silver marked, and put into the window before where the prisoner sits. When it was missing, we went to the prisoner to a public house; he was charged with taking it, and I saw it found in the fob of his breeches.

Joseph Strutley . On the 1st of February, between nine and ten in the evening, my master desired me to go with him to find the prisoner. We found him at the Coach and Horses in Aldersgate-street. When my master first charged him with stealing the silver, he denied it strongly, I believe for an hour. My master desired to search him; he did; and this piece of silver was found in his fob.

Prisoner's Defence.

I seeing that piece of silver, I took it against the time I should have an occasion for it in my master's business.

To his Character.

Richard Redrick . I have known the prisoner three years; all that time I took him to be a very honest man.

Henry Stent . I have known him about five years; I always looked upon him to be a very honest young man.

Peter Charles Pearsey . I have known him six or seven years, but never knew any ill of him.

John Park . I have known him some time, and believe him to be an honest young fellow.

John Franklin . I have known him about twelve months; he was always just and upright; I never heard any ill of him in my life.

Joseph Martin . I have known him three years; he has as honest and upright a character as ever I heard of any body in my life; I never heard any ill of him before this.

William Oliver . I keep the public house. I have known him six months; he is very just and honest.

Q. Was you at the searching of him?

Oliver. I was.

Q. What excuse did he make when the silver was found?

Oliver. He made none; he was quite stagnated; he never spoke at all. Mr. Richards searched him forcibly, without any constable. The silver was not found upon him.

Q. Where was it found?

Oliver. It was found in his breeches after he pulled them off.

Guilty . T .

George Coney.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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153. (L.) George Coney was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of George Jackson , January 13 . +

George Jackson . On the 13th of January, about seven in the evening, I was going down Snow-hill : at the corner of a court, where are some

houses down, I saw the prisoner, about a yard from me, with my handkerchief in his hand. I halloo'd out, Stop thief. He was going off as fast as he could. He dropped it about three yards from me when I halloo'd out. I took it up. He never was out of my sight: I ran and catched him at an alehouse door as he was going in; he went down on his knees and begged pardon for what he had done.

Q. What did he say he had done?

Jackson. I believe he said he picked it up. I am certain I had felt it in my left hand pocket coming through Newgate.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been to Honey-lane-market, and as I was running along to make haste, I saw this handkerchief lying on the ground. I picked it up, and was running with it in my hand when he called stop-thief; upon which I threw it away. I lodge on the top of Saffron-hill, and was going home.

To his Character.

William Thomas . I live in Dean's Court, St. Martin's le Grand, and am a sword-hilt and buckle cutter. I have known the prisoner about seven years, and always looked upon him to be an honest sort of a man.

Jos Winter . I lodge in Blue-court, in the same house where the prisoner did, and am a spectacle-maker. I know nothing more of the man than that I have heard him go out a poultering. I never knew him behave amiss.

Acquitted .

See him tried before, No. 557. in Alderman Harley's mayoralty.

Thomas Jones.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-11
VerdictNot Guilty

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154. (M.) Thomas Jones was indicted, together with James Carter not in custody, for stealing two women's cotton gowns, value 40 s. and a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of John Shepherd , December 8 . +

There was no evidence to affect the prisoner but his own confession, which was drawn out of him by promises of forgiveness.

Acquitted .

Thomas Baldwin.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-12

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155. (M.) Thomas Baldwin was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 10 s. the property of Isaac Hayes , February 9 . +

Isaac James . I am a waiter at the White Horse at Uxbridge . On the 9th instant, February, we lost a silver table spoon. The prisoner was sitting drinking in the kitchen when I went to lay the cloth in the parlour, after which I saw him come out of the parlour: some time after I missed a table spoon, marked I. H. No. 2. The prisoner was then gone: I searched after him, but could not find him. I told my master, Mr. Isaac Hayes , what I had lost.

John Atkins . I live at Uxbridge. On the 9th instant, February, about one o'clock, Isaac James asked me, if I had seen such a man, describing the prisoner. I said I had seen such a one go in at the Boar's Head: we went there, but he was gone; they told us which way he went; we pursued him, and came up with him as he was going upon the heath. Mr. James was about forty yards behind me. I seized him, and brought him back, but found nothing upon him. Samuel Lane took up the spoon and shewed it to James, who said it was the spoon that was lost, and was Mr. Hayes's property.

Samuel Lane . I live at Hillington. Mr. Atkins asked me if I saw such a person. I said, I did. I went along with him; we saw the prisoner; but when he saw that we were after him, I saw him take something out of his pocket, and throw it into the ditch: I observed the place, and went to it; there I found this silver table spoon. (Produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of it.

Guilty . T .

James Stead, William Smithson.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-13
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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156, 157. (M.) James Stead and William Smithson were indicted; the first for stealing a silk gown, value 20 s. a linen gown, value 2 s. and a mahogany tea chest, value 1 s. the property of Samuel Tite ; and the other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen . February 3 . +

Sarah Tite . I am wife to Samuel Tite . We live in Ironmonger-row, Old-street . On the 3d of February, between eight and nine at night, my parlour sash was put up, and I lost a silk gown and a linen one, and a tea chest, out of the room. Last Thursday I was sent for to Guildhall, and saw them again in the custody of a constable. (Produced and deposed to.) I lost also at the same time a watch stand.

John Swinton . I am a pawnbroker. On the 3d instant, February, Smithson, whom I knew before, brought the silk gown to pledge with

me; he said he brought it from another person. I lent him 16 s. on it.

Benjamin Walmsley . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Bridgewater-square. I had this linen gown brought by Reuben Biggs , with other things.

Michael Wood . I found the tea chest in Smithson's house. I took up Reuben Biggs with a warrant, who has impeached five men: four of whom have been taken up since.

Reuben Biggs . I have known Stead two years, and Smithson five or seven months. Smithson is an ivory spoon maker . Lads used to come to his house with handkerchiefs, he bought them and sold them again in Field-lane: such that we have picked out of gentlemens pockets.

Q. What business is Stead?

Biggs. I never saw him at work; he is a sawyer I believe; he gets his living by thieving. I have not been concerned with him above four months; I cannot recollect the particular day. Steed and I went into Ironmonger-row, and seeing no light in the room in the prosecutor's house, I opened a little gate which went to the house, and shoved up the sash and went in; I do not know whether it was a parlour or not; I took out these things and gave them to Stead, and he put them into a bag, and we went away with them. I was taken up in a public house by Mr. Wood, who told me he had had a great deal of trouble after me. When I was before the alderman, I was asked about a robbery: I said I knew nothing of that; but I made information of several robberies that I had been engaged in, and particularly this.

Q. What colour was this bag?

Biggs. I bought three yards of black cloth; two of them went to the making the bag; it was yard wide.

Wood. I took this bag out of Stead's pocket. (Producing a black bag.)

Biggs. This is the same bag. I took a watch-stand out of the room, but, it being of no use, I threw that away, about an hundred yards from the prosecutor's house; and we carried the rest of the things to Smithson's house, who was at home when we came there. I turned them out of the bag in order to see what we had got. I asked Smithson to go and pawn the silk gown; he went; and came and told me he had pawned it for 14 s. which he gave in; but since I find he pawned it for 16 s.

Stead's Defence.

When I heard Biggs was taken up (he and I had laid together two nights ) I sent a young woman, who was daughter to the woman where I lodged, to him; he desired every thing that belonged to him might be carried to Mr. Smithson's, in Shoe-lane: I put the bag in my pocket to carry to Mr. Smithson's, and unfortunately I met with the constable, who took the bag out of my pocket. I live in Golden-lane, and was going up Barbican when he stopped me.

Biggs. The last night Stead and I were out together, he took the bag, and a tool we had made on purpose to break houses, home to his house.

Smithson's Defence.

The evidence broke my door open, and carried the things in; I was out at the time: he lodged in the house, and used to trade with people: he has sold pounds worth of things in the house; and has desired me to pawn things, which I have, and brought him the money.

To Smithson's Character.

Thomas Metcalf . I live in the Little-Old-Bailey, and am an ivory brush maker. I have known Smithson about eight years, who always bore a good character. He has done work for me many times since he has come from sea. The last he did for me was about two years ago.

Q. How has he got his living since?

Metcalf. That I do not know. I believe he works at his business, and is a very honest, industrious man.

Thomas Hibert . I am a brush maker. I live in Boswell-court, Charterhouse-lane. I have known him twenty years. I took him apprentice. He has been out of his time about ten years. I can give no account how he has lived since. I have often seen him at work: it is not above three weeks ago since I saw him at work in Robinhood's-court, Shoe-lane, where he lives. I never heard any ill of him.

Philip Parker . I am a tallow-chandler. I have known Smithson fourteen or fifteen years: he was paid off on board a ship along with me. I never heard any thing amiss of him before, and am sorry to hear it now.

Patrick Spruing . Smithson was a shipmate of mine. It is five years ago since we left the ship; we left it both together. I sell poultry in the Fleet-market, and he has bought rabbits and fowls of me; I never knew any thing bad of him; he behaved well on board.

Stead guilty . T .

Smithson guilty . T. 14 years .

(L.) They were a second time indicted; the

first for breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Negus , on the 4th of February , about the hour of seven in the night, and stealing a silk gown, value 20 s. a cotton gown, value 5 s. and a stuff petticoat, the property of the said John ; and the other for receiving the same, well knowing the same to have been stolen . ++

The only evidence to the fact was Ruben Biggs , the accomplice.

They were both acquitted .

There were three other indictments against them.

See Smithson tried before, No. 16. and No. 342. in Mr. Alderman Nelson's mayoralty.

Ann Jones, Mary Jones.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-14
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty > lesser offence
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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158, 159. (M.) Ann Jones and Mary Jones , spinsters, were indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of Thomas Broughton , privately from his person , January 12 . ++

Thomas Broughton . I am a carpenter . On the 11th of January, about twelve at night, I happened to be a little in liquor, and coming up Holborn, much about the end of Queen-street, I met the two prisoners; they invited me to go home along with them. I did. The house is in Cross-lane . They wanted each of them to be concerned with me. I told them I had a wife and family at home, and was not willing. They asked me to drink; I said I did not value a pot of beer; they went out, but instead of bringing beer they brought six-pennyworth of brandy and water, or some such stuff. While we were drinking it they threw me down backwards on the bed twice, and the third time I perceived they had got my watch from my pocket: I desired them to give it me; they said they had not got it: I told them I was determined to have it, for I had lost it in that room, and I would have it before I went out of the room: one of them struck me several blows on my face, and called me all the names she could think of; after that two men came up into the room to their assistance, threatening me, if I did not get out of the room immediately: I declared I would not quit the place till I had recompence. I staid about half an hour, and then the watch came; I called the watch, who took the prisoners into custody.

Mary M'Gray . My husband is a carver. I live in the same house where Mary Jones lives, and I had been out to see a friend: I came home between nine and ten; coming into the entry I heard watch called; I went into my room soon after. They said Mary Jones was gone to the Round-house for stealing a watch: I heard Rothery, a stay-maker, was gone with her; after that somebody came and lifted up my latch; they said they wanted Ann Jones , and said they would keep me in custody till they found her. I saw Mary Jones in the Watch-house in the morning: she told me where to find the watch. She said she had cut a hole and put it in the feather-bed among the feathers. I went and told Mary Jones's servant of it, and saw her take it out from among the feathers.

Q. Did you see Mary Jones and the prosecutor together that night?

M. M'Gray. I did, and he charged her with robbing him of his watch. She told me the other prisoner knew nothing about it.

Tho Brumwell . I went to see Mary Jones in the morning, who desired me to go home to her room, and bring the watch to her in the Round-house; I went, and there we found it as she had said among the feathers in the bed. It was given to the constable.

Hen Burton . I am a watchman. I was called and went up to the prosecutor in the room; he said I am very glad you are come to assist me, they were going to throw me out at the window; he said he had lost his watch with that woman, (meaning Mary Jones ) the other prisoner was not then in the room; the man that was there he said never saw the watch. I took him in custody with her, and the next morning the watch was brought to the Round-house. (Produced and deposed to.)

Ann Jones 's Defence.

I really did not pick the man up, neither did I desire any thing of the man. When he came into this woman's room, she asked him who he would go with; he said if he went with any body, he would go with her, for he did not like my company, and I left the room.

Mary Jones 's Defence.

I met with this gentleman as I was coming home, he would go with me whether I would or no. He came up stairs; he was very much in liquor; I did not intrude upon him at all; I know nothing at all of the watch.

Ann Jones acquitted .

Mary Jones guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . B .

James Best.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-15
VerdictNot Guilty

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160. (M.) James Best was indicted for stealing a wooden box, value 6 d. 3 lb. weight of saffron, value 4 l. 10 s. 8 lb. weight of cantharides, value 40 s. forty-eight boxes of plaster,

value 30 s. the property of Bignel Coney , Charles Gascoyne , and Samuel Wilson , January 28 . ++

Wm Berson . I am a constable. Last Thursday three weeks I had a warrant for people for stealing some timber, the property of Mr. Bond, on the other side the water. Going upon Tower-hill, thinking they might go that way, who should come by but the man that I was waiting for and the prisoner. I believe the prisoner had the box. I stopt them both. I got a coach and brought them on the other side the water, and from thence to Sir John Fielding 's, and he bound me over to appear here.

Jos Burton . I am a porter belonging to Mess. Coney, Gascoyne, and Wilson, druggists and dry salters . I was going to put it into a cart, the carman was gone to get a pint of beer; then I went and got a pint myself, and when I came back the box was gone.

Q. Did you see it packed up?

Burton. No, I did not. I saw it the Monday following, when the prisoner was in custody. I know it to be the same box.

James Murray . I was at the Nag's Head. Seeing the prisoner come by with the box on his shoulder, I ran out and we took him by the collar: he dropt the box. We took him in a coach and carried him to Bridewell. I heard no more of it till Sir John Fielding 's clerk sent me a letter. The box was tied with a piece of a rope, we opened it in the coach, there was the smell of drugs in it; after that we found who it belonged to.

Tho Gunthorp . I packed the things up: there were 3 lb. of saffron, some plaster, and cantharides. I delivered them to the carman, a servant to William Harris , on the 27th of January; he was to deliver the box at Glascow wharf: the man is not here that I delivered it to: when I saw it again, I examined the top of the things in the box; I saw the 3 lb. of saffron and the cantharides in it, and have had it in my possession ever since.

Jos Burton . I received the box at Sir John Fielding 's, and I delivered it to Mr. Gunthorp.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been down to Wapping that morning, and coming home about the middle of the day through St. Catharine's, there was a new sign hanging up by the side of a shop; I was looking at it with several others. There was a young man stood with a box on the top of a post, he asked me what it was o'clock, I answered him as nigh as I could guess; he said, Pray, young man, which way are you going? I said into Bishopsgate-street; he said, if you will be so good as to lend me a hand with this box, I'll give you a shilling. I took the shilling and came with it; he walked with me, sometimes before and sometimes behind me. When they came to take hold of me, I looked round to see the person that gave me the box, and he was gone. I am innocent of the fact. I am a plasterer by trade, and being out of work was glad to earn a shilling.

Q. to Benson. Did you see any body with the prisoner, when you took him, that made off?

Benson. When we saw the prisoner and John Abrahams coming, I took hold of Abrahams, and the other evidence took hold of Best. Abrahams is in Bridewell on the other side the water, to be evidence against Castle and Reed, for stealing Esquire Bond's planks. Abrahams said he knew nothing at all of the box.

Prisoner. It was not John Abrahams that gave me the box, I had but just met him, and spoke to him but a minute or two before they stopt me.

Benson. I saw no other man with him; there were people came about. Abrahams knew me. I am underkeeper of Bridewell.

Q. What time did you take the prisoner?

Benson. We took him about three o'clock.

Q. to Burton. What time did you lose the box?

Burton. I lost it between one and two.

Acquitted .

William Priest.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-16
VerdictNot Guilty

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161. (M.) William Priest was indicted for stealing six pieces of oak timber, value 3 s. and two pieces of fir planks, value 6 d. the property of James Row , Feb. 10 . ||

John Row . I am brother to the prosecutor, James Row . We lost oak I believe to the value of 4 or 5 l. and several fir-planks, inch thick. It was put in a house and locked up; we had not seen it from the first of October last till the 10th of this instant, February, then we found the door had been broke open; we do not know when it was done; the place was then stripped: we found eight or ten pieces, six of oak and two of deal and one oak plank, which the prisoner had made into a little cart.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Row. He is a labouring man.

Q. By what do you know them to be Mr. Row's wood?

Row. The fir was sawed into feather edge, from round fir; none such was ever done in the country, as I ever heard of. I can take upon me to swear it was the prosecutor's, and the oak the bricklayers had used in scaffolding. He had made it up without planing the wood, for there was the mortar upon them; the cart was standing before his house, and his house joins to the prosecutor's orchard. The prisoner was taken up upon Shrove Tuesday.

Q. What is the value of the oak and fir?

Row. We value the oak at 3 s. and the fir at 6 d.

Q. How do you know it was the prisoner's cart?

Row. That will come out by the other witnesses.

Thomas Wilson . I am a bricklayer, and worked at Mr. Row's house. Some of that timber which was locked up we used for scaffolding. I left working there about the 10th of October. I saw the cart on the prisoner's premises a day or two before he was taken up. There were six pieces of oak scaffolding, two pieces of fir, and one oak board. It was the property of James Row.

Jos Lawrence . I am a carpenter. I packed up the timber in the new house; the door was locked with a stock lock. I did not see the cart till the prisoner was taken up; then I examined it. I swear it was made of some of the stuff that I locked up.

James Groom . I saw the prisoner making the cart on the 29th of January; it is not finished yet. The first time I saw him making it was two months ago.

Q. Was it before or after Christmas?

Groom. It was after Christmas.

Q. Was it before or after New Year's Day?

Groom. It was after New Year's Day.

Q. Where did you see him making it?

Groom. I saw him making it in his house, and also in his garden. I was a labourer at the prosecutor's. I know we used the oak in scaffolding.

Q. Was he making it in the day time or night?

Groom. In the day time: Mr. Row's people might have seen him, had they been in their orchard.

Q. Is the house of Mr. Row inhabited?

Groom. No, it is not; we have been there several times, but not to work.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of it, no more than the child unborn. I made the cart of what stuff my landlord left me when he repaired the house. His name is Richard Farmer .

Prosecutor. The prisoner's landlord has sold the house to me, and we do not know where he lives.

Acquitted .

Edward Flannegell.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-17
VerdictNot Guilty

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162. (M.) Edward Flannegell was indicted for stealing forty-eight halfpence , the property of John Hanmer , Feb. 12 . ||

John Hanmer . I keep a chandler's shop in Hog-lane . On the 12th, about six in the evening, of this instant, I went out of my shop into the parlour; I had not been there above two minutes, before I saw a person go out of my shop; I pursued him immediately. I took the boy at the bar, and brought him back. I found the till pulled about half way out; it there usually sticks a little.

Q. Did you find any thing upon the prisoner?

Hanmore. He was not searched at all, till before the Justice the next day, after he had been all night in St. Giles's Round-house.

Q. Why did you not search him before?

Hanmore. I did not know whether I might or not.

Q. What money was in the till?

Hanmore. It was very heavy with halfpence, there seemed to be not so many in the front of the till as there were backwards.

Q. Did the prisoner confess he took any half-pence?

Hanmore. No, he begged to be let go.

There were other witnesses to prove the prisoner was the person that ran out of the shop, but no account of his taking any thing.

Acquitted .

Samuel Ford.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-18

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163. (M.) Samuel Ford was indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, value 4 s. five napkins, value 2 s. two handkerchiefs, value 12 d. a linnen pillowbier, value 12 d. and a looking glass, value 12 d. the property of Alexander M'Kowl , Jan. 20 . ||

Ann M'Kowl . I am wife to Alexander M'Kowl , he is a bricklayer , and we live in Great Wyld-street . On the 20th of January, a little past seven at night, we were in the kitchen; the maid came down and said somebody wanted me; I went to the door; there I saw Mr. Cotton had hold of the prisoner. There was linen

lay strewed about the passage, and at the door: he asked me if they were mine. I looked at them, and they were part of the linen mentioned in the indictment. I have all again, except four napkins, which I could not find.

William Cotton . I keep a public house within ten doors of the prosecutor. I was going out to get some quart pots, and in going by the prosecutor's passage there came three young men out, they were very near pushing me down. I saw something drop at the door; I suspected they were thieves, and pursued them. I took the prisoner, he was one of them; just as I took him, he pat his hand into the side pocket at his bosom, and dropt something down, which I found to be napkins: I ordered a young man that was coming by to take them up: I saw nothing else in his hand. There were linen dropt at the door, half out and half in.

Q. How far had the prisoner got before you took him?

Cotton. I took him within thirty yards of the prosecutor's door. I never lost sight of him. The prisoner was taken before Justice Welch, but he confessed nothing.

Eliz Pesau . I was going to the market when Mr. Cotton took the prisoner; I was within five or six yards of them; I saw the prisoner had this looking glass in his hand. (Producing a small glass, deposed to by Mrs. M'Kowl.) When I said to Mr. Cotton he has got a looking glass in his hand, he let it fall in the channel, and I took it up out of the channel.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence, but called John Matthews and Diana his wife, Sarah Lion , and Elizabeth Ford his mother, who said he was a mason , and very industrious and honest.

Guilty . T .

George Wall, Hardel Handlan.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-19
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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164, 165. (M.) George Wall and Hardel Handlan were indicted for stealing two pair of silk and cotton stockings, value 5 s. and one silk and worsted stocking, value 6 d. the property of William Mattock , Jan. 20 . ||

William Mattock . I am a waiter at Slater's Coffee-house. On the 20th of January, about ten at night, my maid came and told me four boys had been at my shop (my wife keeps a haberdasher's shop) and had stole some stockings: I went home immediately: I mist two pair of stockings and an odd one; they had dropt the fellow stocking in going out. On the Monday following, being the 23 d, the maid came and told me she had got one of the boys; I went home; the boy confessed where they had sold the stockings for 2 s. in Monmouth-street. I went with him there, and he showed me the cellar. While I went down to speak to the woman, the boy ran away. He was neither of the prisoners; his name is John Waters . At first the woman denied having them, but after that she owned to it, and delivered them to me. The odd stocking matched to the other, and one pair were a little damaged: I am sure they are mine.

Mary Bailey . I am servant to the prosecutor. I was in the shop on the 20th of January, between nine and ten in the evening, when four boys came in; we had a candle alight, and I can swear George Wall was one of the boys. One of them came first, and asked if Mrs. Johnson lived there; I said no. Soon after that George Wall came in for a halfpennyworth of worsted: while I was matching the worsted the other two boys came in; then one of the biggest of them blowing the candle out, they all ran away. My mistress asked the two first whether the others belonged to them, after they came in; they said no. I ran out, but could see none of them; when I came in again, there lay one stocking that they had dropt. They took away two pair of silk and cotton stockings, and the fellow to the odd one, which was silk and worstead: they were taken from off the counter: I went and told my master.

Q. When did you see any of the boys again?

M. Bailey. I saw Wall on the Monday following; he was standing to see people fling at oranges near our door. I went and took hold of the flap of his coat; he swore I should not hold him, and he got away and left the flap of his coat in my hand. (Produced in court.) He came the next day for it, I took hold of him and sent for my master; he came and got a constable; then he owned he was in the shop when the stockings were taken, but said he did not take them, but if we would let him go, he would bring the boys that did take them. We took him before the Justice, there he told where the other boys were to be taken: he said they were William Stapleton , John Waters , and Hardel Handlan . Stapleton is admitted an evidence. At the time I held Wall, a woman that was at our shop came out and held Waters till my master came.

James Chapman . I am a watchman belonging to Mr. Saunders Welch . I took Handlan in the Park; Wall was with me; he was got up

into a hollow tree in the Bird-Cage-Walk. I heard the name of Stapleton mentioned, he was up in another tree; I told them, if they did not come down, I would make them; they came down, and I took them to St. Giles's Round-house. Handlan denied it at first when he was charged with it, but when he was brought up again, he said they went in for a halfpennyworth of worsted; that they were very difficult in chusing it; that Stapleton made a sham cough and blowed the candle out, and they took these stockings and ran away with them; that Wall took them and brought them to the door, and there gave them to Waters; then they took them to Mrs. Spencer's in Monmouth-street, and sold them for 2 s. and shared the money, 6 d. a piece.

Stapleton was not examined.

Wall's Defence.

I had none of the money.

Handlan's Defence.

They all ran away and I after them; but I had no share of the money.

Both guilty . B .

At their request they were branded, and sent with Stapleton to Sir John Fielding, to be provided for according to his most excellent useful plan.

Susanna .
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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166. (M.) Susanna, wife of Leo, Delanty , was indicted for stealing a linen petticoat, value 5 s. and a linen shirt, value 5 s. the property of John Chalon , Dec. 31 . ||

John Chalon . I live in Germain-street . I am a Dutchman. The prisoner used to do plain work, and mend my wife's things: on the 31st of December my wife missed a petticoat.

Q. Do you know that of your own knowledge?

Chalon. No, I do not; I lost a shirt. They were both found again at a pawnbroker's, whose name is Beauchamp, last Monday was a fortnight.

Q. from the Prisoner. Had I not that shirt to make less in the wrist?

Chalon. That I do not know; my wife takes care of that business.

Prisoner. I was to take the petticoat less in the waist.

Chalon. I never heard any thing of that sort.

Ann Bailey . I am servant to Mr. Chalon; the prisoner worked at our house about a fortnight.

(The shirt and petticoat produced.) These are my master's and mistress's property.

Q. What was the prisoner employed in?

Bailey. She was to mend the linen.

Q. Did she always do it at your mistress's house?

Bailey. Sometimes my mistress gave it to her to take home to do.

Q. Do you know whether this shirt and petticoat were delivered her to take home to do?

Bailey. That I do not know.

Acquitted .

Matthew Stamford.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-21
VerdictNot Guilty

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167. (M.) Matthew Stamford was indicted for stealing a copper saucepan, value 2 s. the property of Francis Bocket , February 6 . ||

Francis Bocket . I am a publican at Acton . The prisoner is a labouring man ; he worked for 'Squire Wegg; he used my house, and made use of my saucepan often to get his victuals ready, but I never lent it him to carry out of my house; he used to heat milk and potatoes often in it: it was missing about half a year ago.

A Witness. I am headborough of East-Acton. The prisoner was taken up for stealing things, the property of one Mrs. Price, and in searching I found the saucepan in the kitchen where the prisoner lodged.

Acquitted .

See him tried for stealing bogs, No. 432. in the Mayoralty of Mr. Alderman Kite.

John Jones.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-22
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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168. (M.) John Jones was indicted for stealing a man's hat, edged with silver, value 4 s. the property of Samuel Panshard , Esq ; January 18 . ||

Peter Jones . I am coachman to Samuel Panshard , Esq; he is a banker at Paris. On the 18th of January I went into a public house to get a pint of purl; I left the hat, which I used to wear (it is property Mr. Panshard's ) on the coach: I was gone about ten minutes; when I came back, my hat was gone. A chairman told me, he saw a man, describing the prisoner, come out of the stable; I overtook him in Greek-street, over-against the end of Queen-street: he had the hat in his pocket and a handkerchief over it. (Produced in court and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I had the hat to be sure, but I took it in a joke. I was walking quietly along the street

with it to a public house; if I had taken it with an intent to steal it, I could have made off and he never seen me any more.

Guilty 10 d. recommended . W .

James Pelham.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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169. (M.) James Pelham was indicted for stealing a streak of iron belonging to a cart wheel, value 2 s. the property of Benjamin Davis , January 28 . ||

Richard Gravit . I am servant to Benjamin Davis , a wheelwright ; he lives at Bethnal-Green . On the 28th of January the prisoner came and sat down in our shop some time.

Q. Did you know him before?

Gravit. I did. When he was going away, I saw an iron streak under his coat: I told my fellow-servant of it, who went and took it from him, when he was got about one hundred yards from the shop. It was my master's property; he took it from out of the shop.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Gravit. He drives a cart .

William Reve . I went after the prisoner, who dropped the streak as soon as I came to him; I took it up and brought it back; it was the property of Benjamin Davis .

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked it up by the door on the outside.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Thomas Taylor.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-24
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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170. (L.) Thomas Taylor was indicted for ripping and carrying away 25 lb. weight of lead, value 2 s. from the dwelling house of Richard Mason , the property of the said Richard , February 28 . ||

Philip Jones . I catched the prisoner in the front garret of a house belonging to Richard Mason ; the window was open. There was a place where some lead was cut off, about a yard or two from the window; this was on the 28th of February, between eleven and twelve o'clock in the day; he confessed he was going to sell it somewhere in Moorfields.

Q. Did you know him before?

Jones. No, I did not.

Q. Which way did he get into the house?

Jones. I believe he got up on the backside of the house: here is a chissel I found with him. (Produced in court.) This chissel exactly fitted to the marks he had made in cutting it off.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the lead there, I did not cut it. I saw a man come out at the window, and asked him if he could help me to a job. I am a carpenter , and having been out of work some time, I have been obliged to sell and pawn all my tools.

- Yates. The prisoner lodged with me about seven weeks; he never wronged me, nor I never heard he did any body else before this: he is a young lad come up for business. His friends are very honest people at Coventry. If the court will consider his youth, and give him his punishment here, I will, at my own expence, see that he shall return down to his friends.

Guilty 10 d. B .

Simon Bailey.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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171. (M.) Simon Bailey was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Michael Dale , on the 4th of February, about four in the night, with intent the goods, chattels, and money, of the said Michael to steal, &c . ||

Michael Dale . I live in the parish of Christ-Church, Spitalfields . On the 4th of this instant, February , about four o'clock in the morning, I heard a neighbour, whose name is Francis Child , call out to some people, What are you doing there? You have no business there! Then I heard him call the watch. I had heard a very great noise, but did not think it was at my house. Presently I heard a knocking at my door, and a watchman said, Mr. Dale, your house is broke open. I got up immediately, came down, and found my front window was brok open, the iron bar being bent, and the glass of the sash broke. They gave me a hanger, and said, Be careful at entering your kitchen: I went in; there was no body there; and, I believe, no body had been in the house: had I not come down when I did, they would have been in. The prisoner was taken, and I heard him confess before Sir John Fielding , that he was present, aiding, and abetting. He said he stood watch at the end of the street, that one John Loseby broke the window, and that William Atkinson was with him.

Q. As you say, you believe no body had been in the house, was the window so fastened, that a hand must have been put in to unfasten it?

Dale. The screw of the sash that fastens it down I found was undone, and a hand must be put in to unscrew that.

Q. Can you ascertain that that screw was

made fast over night, or the key in on the inside?

Dale. No, I cannot.

The putting a hand in is as much an entering as walking in at a door. Here not being proof in this particular, the prisoner was acquitted .

Deborah Tash.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-26

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172. (L.) Deborah Tash , spinster, was indicted for stealing an iron Bath stove, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Walker , Jan. 24 . ++

Thomas Walker . I am an ironmonger and brazier , and live on Holbourn-hill . On the 24th of January, between two and three o'clock, I was at dinner; and a man calling out that a woman was gone away with a stove, I and my apprentice went out after her, and my apprentice stopped her as she was turning into Shoe-lane: I was by: it was the prisoner, who begged my pardon, and said she hoped I would let her go: she strove to get from me, but I held her till a constable came.

Q. Where did she take it from?

Walker. She took it from under the window in the street. It was a Bath stove; I believe above half a hundred weight.

Stephen Lesure . I was in the street, and saw the woman stealing Mr. Walker's stove; I called to them, and they ran after and took her.

Samuel Auld . I am apprentice to Mr. Walker. I ran after the prisoner and took the stove from her: it is my master's property.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw the stove till I saw it in Shoe-lane.

Guilty . T .

James Jackson.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-27

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173. (L.) James Jackson was indicted for stealing three dozen of worsted stockings, value 3 l. one dozen of mittens, value 12 s. six pieces of worsted for breeches, and thirty-five yards of flannel , the property of Wade Cuel , Feb. 9 . ++

Wade Cuel . I am book-keeper at the Rose Inn by Holborn-bridge . On Thursday morning, the 9th of this month, the porter had weighed off a parcel of goods to go to Southampton; among these goods were a paper parcel to go to William Taylor at Southampton. The porter put them down by the side of the waggon, under the shed; after that we proceeded to weigh another parcel for another waggon; I heard an uncommon talking, and went out to see what was the matter, when one of the men, who had the prisoner by the collar, told me they had got a thief; which was the prisoner; they were for ducking him, but I said, No, by no means. I sent for a constable, and held the prisoner the while; then we took him to Woodstreet-Compter.

James More . I crossed the market to get a pennyworth of purl, coming back I saw the prisoner with the paper parcel upon his arm; he was about two yards from where the rest of the goods lay in the yard; I took the parcel from him, and laid hold of him. (He produced one dozen of stockings.) These are part of the goods; we were obliged to send the rest of the goods down into the country.

Cuel. In the parcel were the things laid in the indictment. (Mentioning the particulars )

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

More. No; he had no business in the yard

Robert Jones . I am a porter at the Rose Inn. I saw nothing of this till I was called by Mr. More. I never saw the prisoner before; he had no business in the yard as I know of.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was bound to the sea, and had been abroad sixteen months; but the ship was laid up for the winter. I had a letter that my mother was very sick; my master granted me leave to go to see her; when I came to London, she sent me to an old woman, a nurse, at Bloomsbury; as I was going there, I met a man who asked me where I had been; I told him: he said, if you will carry a parcel for me, I will pay you for it, and ordered me to meet him at the Fleet-market; which I did: he bid me follow him: I did; he then went and lifted that parcel on my shoulders, and again bid me follow him: he went out, and as I was going after him, that gentleman laid hold of me. I called to the man, Thomas or John, Why don't you answer! but he made off. Be pleased to ask the porter, whether I did not call in that manner.

Q. to More. Did you hear the prisoner call as he said?

More. When he found I had laid hold of him, he said (Tom stop, don't go away.) I did see the glimpse of a man, but not to discern what dress he had on; he ran off as fast as he could towards Fleetstreet, down the side of the market.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Michael.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-28
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty

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174. (L.) Sarah Michael , spinster, was indicted for stealing three silk gowns, value 30 s. and one silk petticoat, value 5 s. the property of Jeffery Malens , December 14 . ++

Jeffery Malens . I am a journeyman carpenter , and live in Northumberland-alley, Fenchurch-street . On the 14th of December I lost the things mentioned in the indictment; and about five weeks after, Mr. Philips, my next door neighbour, was served in the same manner; he got some intelligence of the prisoner, and he found my goods at Mr. Howard's, a pawnbroker. On the 24th of January I got a warrant to go and take my goods, which have been in the constable's hands ever since. I know nothing of my own knowledge against the prisoner; she did work in the same alley where I live: I was a stranger in the place: I had been but six weeks in the place when I was robbed.

Q. What are the people where she lived?

Malens. I do not know.

William Blady . I live with Mr. Howard, a pawnbroker in Houndsditch. On the 14th of December, between three and four in the afternoon, the prisoner at the bar pledged three silk gowns and one silk petticoat with me for a guinea in the name of Sarah Michael ; she had used our shop about four years.

Q. What way of life is she in?

Blady. She is a necklace maker . She would not confess any thing.

Margaret Malens . I am wife to the prosecutor. We were all by my fire-side below while my drawers were stripped above. I missed the clothes mentioned between five and six in the afternoon.

Q. When had you seen them last?

M. Malens. I saw them at about half an hour after three o'clock that day.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am the person that pawned the things to be sure. Mrs. Keys, that lives in Northumberland-court, brought them to me one morning, and desired I would go and pawn them for her. (I did not live with her, but I was acquainted with her). I asked her, if I was to pawn them in her name, or mine; she desired me not to pawn them in her name, because the pawnbrokers knew her; then I said I would pawn them in mine; I did not mind it. I pawned them in my name, and brought the money to her, and she went to market and bought a fine stock of greens.

Mrs. Malens. Mrs. Keys was taken up and brought before the sitting alderman at Guildhall, she had sixteen people of credit to give her a good character, and she was discharged; she is now in court.

Matthew Barker . I am the constable. When the prisoner was examined before the Alderman, she said these things were delivered to her by Jane Key . I was ordered to fetch her: I did. She had a good character given her; she was discharged, and the prisoner was committed to Newgate.

For the Prisoner.

Sarah Weston . I have known the prisoner above seven years; she followed necklace making; and after that she was about two years and a half in our house. I live with Mr. Levi Frederick , and have trusted her with all the things in the house.

Q. How long is it since she lived there?

Weston. It is about half a year since she went away. My master lost a diamond ring, which had been missing two years, when the prisoner found it in a crevice, and delivered it to me. She was always very honest and just.

Joseph Isaac . I have seen the prisoner at Mr. Levi Frederick 's. I always heard she was a sober, honest person.

Levi Frederick . The prisoner lived with me near two years, and behaved herself very honestly; I never missed any thing in the world by her. That ring that Sarah Weston mentions cost me 36 l. I had given it over for lost.

Rebecca Levi . I have nothing to say against the girl. I once lived in Mr. Franks's house, she has been frequently there, but I never heard any harm of her.

Philip Abrahams . The prisoner lived servant with me, about three years ago, near three months. She behaved very honestly in my house.

Lion Barnard . I am servant to Levi Frederick . The prisoner is a Jew. She was at our house about two years. She was trusted in the ware-room, where I am, and was very honest.

Lazarus Moses . I have known her five years. She has a very good character. She was very often at my house. I, my wife, and daughter, have gone out, and left her in the house. I never lost any thing by her.

Lazarus Sanwell . She worked for me till she was taken up. She was taken up in my house at the wash tub. I am a necklace maker. I have trusted her with all I had several times. I never lost any thing by her.

Hannah Alexander . The prisoner worked in my house almost a year. She behaved herself very honestly.

Hetty Alexander . I am daughter to the last witness. I have known her six or seven years. She is a good, honest, sober girl.

Rachael Alexander . I am sister to the last witness. I never locked any thing from the prisoner.

We have gone out and trusted her with every thing. She is a very honest, sober girl.

Acquitted .

175. (L.) She was a second time indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 4 s. a stuff gown, value 6 s. a sattin cloke, value 6 s. and a linen apron, value 2 s. the property of Godfrey Phillips , Jan. 19 . ++

Godfrey Phillips . I live in Northumberland-alley . I am a dealer in goods . On the 18th or 19th of January I mist the things mentioned in the indictment out of my drawers up one pair of stairs in my bed-chamber. I was at a public house at the time; we searched the house, thinking the thief might be in the house, but could find nobody. The next morning I went and searched the pawnbrokers, and I found the two gowns and petticoat at Mr. Bond's, a pawnbroker, in Hounsditch. Then I went to Mr. Howard's, and found that the white sattin and apron were pawned there the day before.

Benj Bond . I am a pawnbroker. On the 19th of January, about two or three in the afternoon, the prisoner pledged two gowns and a petticoat with me in the name of Moses Barns , whose servant she said she was. I delivered them to the constable, when Mr. Phillips came with him for them. I had known the prisoner for about a year and a half. (Produced and deposed to.)

William Blady . On the 19th of January the prisoner pledged a silk cloak and white apron with me for twelve shillings in the name of Sarah Michael . I knew her name, because she had been a customer before.

Prisoner's Defence.

About five weeks ago I was going to work; Mrs. Keys called me in, and said, Will you go with me as far as the pawnbroker's door? I went, and she with me, She said, Put them in another name, not my own; so I went in and pawned them in my name. She bid me say I was servant to Moses Barnes .

Guilty . T .

Solomon Mordica, Jacob Moses, Phillip Isaac.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-29
VerdictNot Guilty

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176, 177, 178. (L.) Solomon Mordica , Jacob Moses , and Phillip Isaac , were indicted for stealing a list carpet, value 20 s. the property of Nathaniel Cross , privately in the shop of the said Nathaniel , November 15 . ||

Nathaniel Cross . I live in Bell-alley, Coleman-street , and keep a blanket warehouse . On the 15th of November I lost a list carpet at about a quarter after two in the afternoon; I heard a man's foot in the shop, and my wife came up and said she saw the carpet on a man's shoulder in the street; I pursued, but he was got out of sight. I did not meet with him. It was taken out of the shop window. After that I saw it at Sir. John Fielding 's.

Q. What is the value of it?

Cross. I value it at 20 s. It is worth more.

Martha Terachina . Solomon Mordica came to me, I had laid in but a few days, he asked me if I would buy a carpet.

Q. When was this?

M. Terachina. This was about two or three one afternoon, but I cannot tell the day of the month, nor the month.

Q. How long is it ago?

M. Terachina. It is about three months ago, or better.

Q. Did you know him before?

M. Terachina. I had seen him once or twice before. He told me I should have it very cheap, and that I need not be afraid of buying it. I bought it, and gave him what he asked for it, which was 8 s. I thought I could sell it again, but I was very ill and I could not go out; a little after this my husband went away and left me, and a little after that, Solomon Mordica took my husband up, and then came and grossly abused me, and said he would take me up: then for my safety, and the good of my King and country, I went and told the Justice of this carpet, and the Justice thought proper to admit me an evidence:

Prosecutor. I was before the justice. I produced a pattern of the carpet. It matched as to breadth and colour. (Produced in court.) I verily believe it to be mine, but I should be loth to swear it.

M. Terachina. Solomon Mordica said before the Justice he went into the prosecutor's shop and took it.

Q. Who did you pay the money to?

M. Terachina. I paid it to Solomon before the other prisoners came.

Mordica's defence.

This woman's husband is now in Newgate, and she will say any thing. I know nothing at all of the thing. She threatened to run a knife through me, she owed me a spight, and I took a warrant for her. She hearing of that, went and took me up, and said she would swear my life away. I said nothing at all at the Justice's.

All three acquitted .

Abraham Terachina.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-30
VerdictNot Guilty

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179. (M.) Abraham Terachina was indicted for stealing one linen gown, value 5 s. one silk petticoat, val. 5 s. one penknife, value 1 s. one pair of white cotton stockings, value 1 s. one white quilted petticoat, value 5 s. the property of John Edwards , October 13 . ++

The prosecutor lives in Nicholas Lane; the goods mentioned in the indictment were brought out of the country in a portmanteau, with divers other things, to an inn in the Borough of Southwark; and Hyam Lazarus , a noted thief, deposed, that he, Philip Moses , Isaac Jacobs , Abraham Davis , and the prisoner, stole the portmanteau out of the inn yard. Some of the things were found again in the city, but none in Middlesex. Note, A felony is committed wherever the goods are conveyed (as a horse stole in Yorkshire, and found in Smithfield, the thief may be tried by a jury of the county of York, or a jury of the city of London). Here was evidence of stealing in Surry and in London, but not in Middlesex, so not triable by a Middlesex jury. He was acquitted , but detained to be tried in Surry.

The prisoner has been a notorious receiver of stolen goods.

Jonathan Dixon.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-31

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180. (M.) Jonathan Dixon was indicted for stealing a moidore, ten guineas, a five-and-three-penny piece, and 10 s. and 6 d. in money numbered, the property of James Osbourn , February 12 . ||

James Osbourn . I am a shopkeeper and live at Leland ; the prisoner was servant to a carrier, whose name is Rookes. I put up the money laid in the indictment in a parcel, wrapped with paper, that the prisoner should not know what it was, and sent it by him, directed to be paid to my tradespeople in town; there was a twenty-seven piece, ten guineas, a five-and-threepenny-piece, and the rest in silver, to make in the whole 12 l. 18 s. 3 d. I gave it to the prisoner to deliver it to his master, on the 12th of February, I found since he never went to his master with it. When he was taken up, he had part of the money about him.

Sarah Alridge . I am servant to Mr. Osbourn. I was present when my master packed up the money in a paper; there was in all 12 l. 18 s. 3 d. directed to Mr. Rookes.

Prosecutor. I put it in a large bundle, and the outside parcel was directed to Mr. Rookes, that he should open it, and see who the money was for.

Alridge. I saw the parcel delivered to the prisoner on the Sunday before last.

John State . Mr. Osbourn came to me on the Monday morning, being a neighbour, and desired I would go with him to enquire after the prisoner; he went Bagshot way, and desired I would go round by Colebrook; he hired two horses; I went on to Salthill, and enquired at the Castle, and found a person like him had taken a post-chaise on the Sunday night at ten o'clock; I found the post-boy, who informed me he set him down at the Turk's Head at Reading. I went there, and there I found he had spent 14 s. besides the expence of the post chaise; they knew him, (that is, the prisoner). I found he took a post-chaise at the King's Arms there, and went to Newbury. I pursued him there. When I came to the George and Pellican there. I heard he was gone for Marlborough; I took a post-chaise, and overtook him about a quarter of a mile before I came to the Black Bear at Hungerford. I drove by his chaise, and when I was about an hundred yards before him, I got out: he, seeing me, spoke to the boy that drove him, that he wanted to speak to me; I took him in custody: he directly confessed that he took the money away; and said he would go back with me. I took him to the Black Bear at Hungerford; there he returned me four guineas in gold, 5 s. and 6 d. in silver, and 4 d. in halfpence, and owned it was the prosecutor's money.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was so much in liquor, that I did not know what I did.

Guilty . T .

22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-32
VerdictNot Guilty

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181. (L.) RICHARD Conway was indicted for stealing six linen-handkerchiefs, value 10 d. the property of John Ramsden , Feb. 16 . ++

John Ramsden . I am a linen-draper , and live at the bottom of Holborn-hill . Last Thursday two women came into my shop between six and seven in the evening, and asked to look at some striped lawn; upon which my servant took some out of the counter. In the mean time I heard something like the breaking of the glass; I turned round and saw the prisoner at the window on the outside. I observed his arm move several times by the light of the lamp, which is exactly over the place. I went out and saw his hand upon the piece of handkerchiefs: he had them better than half way out of the window where he had broke the glass. As soon as he saw me, he let them go, and ran away. I called, Stop thief! He ran opposite Fleet-market, cross the way, and ran up Snow hill. I ran after him, and caught him in Cock-lane. I brought him down Snow-hill. There were four or five people endeavoured to take him from me. I called assistance, and brought him back to my shop.

The prisoner had not compleated the felony, by getting the piece in his possession.

He was acquitted .

John Harrison.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-33
VerdictNot Guilty

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182. John Harrison was indicted for stealing a brass cock and one pound of brass, value 9 d. the property of John Pickering , Dec. 20 . ||

Acquitted .

Benjamin Papps.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-34
VerdictNot Guilty

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183. (M.) Benjamin Papps was indicted for stealing a quarter-guinea , the property of Thomas Broadstock , Jan. 29 . ++

The prosecutor is a butcher in St. James's market ; the prisoner was found in his shop, and a quarter-guinea was found upon him: the prosecutor could not swear it was his, and there being no evidence against the prisoner but his own confession, which was drawn out by promise of forgiveness, he was acquitted .

Samuel Meers.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-35
VerdictNot Guilty

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184. (M.) Samuel Meers was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 5 s. a man's hat laced with gold, value 5 s. a cloth waistcoat, two yards of striped muslin, a pair of cotton stockings, and a pair of worsted stockings , the property of James Poole , Nov. 18 . ++

James Poole . I live at Chelsea . On the 18th of November the prisoner lodged in my house, he only lodged one night. There were two

trunks in a closet in the room where he lay, and two hats, a gold laced one and a plain one, on a shelf. On the 20th, being Sunday, I wanted to put my things on to go to church; there was a waistcoat, some muslin, and the two hats missing.

Q. Did you ever find any of your things again?

Poole. No, I never did.

Henry Darwell . The prisoner came to the prosecutor's house and lodged there that Friday night. I saw him go out of the house the next day, though he denies that ever he lodged in the house.

Susanna Larkin . I live in the prosecutor's house, and lighted the prisoner to bed; when he was in bed I took his candle away, and asked if I should call him up; he said if I chose to come to bed to him I might. He did not get up till between eleven and twelve o'clock: I went to call him, but he did not answer: I called three times: I heard a noise of his walking out of the closet; then he answered me as if he had just opened his eyes. I told him the time of the day. There was a hole I could see through, and I saw he was not in bed.

Q. Was he drest or not?

S. Larkin. I could not see him. He came down and paid, and went away in a great hurry.

Q. Had he a bundle with him?

S. Larkin. He had not, as I saw.

Charles Smith . I was by when the prisoner was brought to Justice Keniston's, he put his hand in his right hand pocket, and flung something away in the yard. I heard it chink. We got a candle and lanthorn, and went cross the road, and there we found a parcel of keys in a bag. We carried them in to the Justice.

Darwell. I saw one of the keys tried, and it opened one of the prosecutor's trunks better than the right key did.

Prosecutor. My trunks were locked. I saw one of the keys that were found open my trunk better than my own would; there were two pair of stockings and a waistcoat taken from out of that trunk.

George Green . I lived with Mr. Poole at this time. The key was on the outside the room door when he went to bed, and when I got up it was on the inside.

Prisoner's Defence.

When I went to lodge there, I did not know them, nor they me. When he came to take me up, he asked me, if I did not lie at his house such a time. I said yes. I gave that woman orders to call me about ten o'clock. I was up about half an hour after ten. As to being in the closet, I never was there at all. The keys they mention were not mine. I never was possessed of them. When I came down stairs, Mr. Pool was in the bar, and there was some dispute about an overcharge: I thought it too much for my supper and bed to come to 3 s. I disputed it with him. Then he said his wife made the charge, and he could not recollect what it was for. I told him I generally paid 6 d. for a bed. Then he reduced it to 2 s. I had no other clothes on than what I had on my back. I never was out of the house neither backwards nor forwards.

To his character.

Thomas Cope . I am a gun-stock maker. The prisoner is a seal engraver . I have known him fifteen years, and believe he is an industrious, honest man.

Sarah Cope . I have known him above twenty years; I never knew any thing amiss of him in my life: his father was a clergyman, and his brother is a clergyman.

John Wright . I am a coachman. I have known him about seven years; he always appeared like a gentleman. I happened to be in the King's-Bench last December, (I was acquainted with him in Leicestershire ) and he came in there to see me, when I desired him to do messages for me. He went backwards and forwards to Chelsea for me for about a month or five weeks. I left him in trust with my horses and things till the 20th of January. He behaved honest to me.

Samuel Fish . I have known him fourteen or fifteen years; he has been in my house three or four days in a week, and always behaved well; he has had his horse there for a week together. He came from Birmingham, and lay at my house about a fortnight last Michaelmas.

John Wright . The prisoner was at Chelsea about a month or six weeks after this thing happened: he transacted business for me every day, and the prosecutor did not take notice of him till the 9th of January. I think it is something remarkable.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did you ever know where the prisoner was, from the time you lost your things till the time you took him up?

Prosecutor. I never heard of him but once, and then he met my wife.

Acquitted .

Jane Spicer.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-36

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185. (M.) Jane Spicer was indicted for stealing four guineas and a four-shillings-and-sixpenny

piece , the money of John Lane , January, 19 . ++

John Lane . I keep a pawnbroker's shop in Holborn . The prisoner came to my house and asked for a gown that lay for 30 s. but we could not find it. I begged of her to let it alone, and I would make a search for it. I left her alone in the shop, and went to my back room, and came back in about ten minutes; then the Prisoner was gone. I missed a box with four guineas and a four-and-sixpenny-piece in it; I sent my man to some pawnbrokers, desiring, if she came to fetch any thing out, to stop her. He brought me word, that one in Diet-street knew her well, and, if she came there, he would stop her: after that he sent me word she was there. I went and found her there, and charged her with taking the money; she said, she had none of my money: she was searched, and had four guineas found upon her. I and he asked her how she came by it: after some time she owned it was part of my money, and that she took it from my desk. I went to her lodgings to inquire if I could find my box, and I was told she had sent a bit of bad money out to get it changed and it was returned. I found it in the hands of her landlady; I know it to be mine; it is not a good one.

Jos Penbrook . I saw the four guineas taken out of the prisoner's pocket. She gave an account that her lodging was in Diet-street: we went and searched her lodging, but could not find the box. We were informed one Bridget Hewit had been about to change the four-and-sixpenny-piece, and could not: then we were informed she had left it in the hands of her landlady for a shilling; there we found it.

Bridget Hewit . The prisoner desired me to go with a four-and-sixpenny-piece, and borrow a shilling of her landlady upon it; which I did. I should know it again, because one side is worse a good deal than the other. (She takes the piece in her hand.) This is it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in company with a gentleman on the 10th of January last, that made me a present of five guineas; four guineas of which Mr. Lane found in my pocket, and that four-and-sixpence I had in change, with other money, for the other guinea, which I had when I went to get out a pair of shoes at Mr. Lawrence's, at the corner of Hanover-yard.

Guilty . T .

Lawrence Wessels.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-37
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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186. (M.) Lawrence Wessels was indicted for stealing a camlet gown, value 2 s. one flannel petticoat, value 6 d. and a linen gown, value 2 s. the property of Jonathan Loveday , January 24 . +

Jonathan Loveday . I live at Ratcliffe . About the latter end of January the prisoner came and lodged three nights in my house, he had been out a week and came back again with the flannel petticoat in his handkerchief. I had missed the two gowns and petticoat laid in the indictment.

John Himers . I am a publican. The prisoner came to my house and left a bundle to be taken care of till he called again: he said his wife was dead, and they were what she used to wear: the next day the prosecutor owned them. (Produced, and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going to bring them back again.

Guilty 10 d. W .

John Warden.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-38

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187. (M.) John Warden was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of John Risk , January 10, 1768 . +

John Risk . I live in Wapping, and travel with a licence. On the 10th of January, 1768, I met with the prisoner in Wapping , at the sign of the Scotch Arms ; he told me he had a trunk in St. Martin's le Grand, and if I would go for it, he had money enough to buy some silk handkerchiefs of me. I got a porter and sent him for it, and waited for his coming back; before he came back the prisoner took two of my silk handkerchiefs, and more things, and went out at the back door. The porter came back and said the prisoner had no trunk there; and then I went and searched at the pawnbrokers, and found them at Andrew Popard 's. I described them both, and shewed him some of the same sorts before I saw them. I never saw the prisoner after that till he was taken up about three weeks ago.

Andrew Popard . These handkerchiefs were pawned to me on the 12th of January, 1768.

Risk. I thought it was the 10th; but they were taken from me the very day they were pledged, for Mr. Popard said the man had not been gone above ten minutes. I described the prisoner and his dress, and Mr. Popard said it must be the same man.

Q. to Popard. Where do you live?

Popard. I live in Queen-street, Tower-hill. It is so long ago that I cannot positively swear to the prisoner, but I believe he is the man: he was

much better dressed then than now. He was a tall man, about the size of the prisoner. He came in the name of James Miller .

Q. What time of the day did he bring them?

Popard. It might be about twelve or one or two in the day.

Prosecutor. The prisoner and I were together at the Scotch-Arms, between ten and eleven o'clock, and I searched several pawnbrokers before I came to Mr. Popard's; when I came to Mr. Popard's, it might be about half an hour after twelve.

Q. Were the prisoner and you alone at the Scotch-Arms?

Prosecutor. We were. The prisoner and I are countrymen: I have known him several years.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never touched the handkerchiefs. There was an old soldier in red clothes drinking with me in the house at the time.

Q. to Popard. Was the man in a red coat that brought them to you?

Popard. No, he was not.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him.

Elizabeth Wooley.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-39
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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188. (L.) Elizabeth Wooley , otherwise Worley , widow, was indicted for stealing a wooden trunk covered with skin, value 10 d. the property of James Brian , February 21 . ++

William Hussey . Mr. Brian lives at the corner of St. Paul's Church-yard . The prisoner came to our shop last Tuesday in the morning, and asked the price of a trunk: she was told 3 s. she said it was too dear, and went away. She came again, and no body was in the shop but myself; she took a trunk and put it under her apron, and was going off. I followed her and took it from her.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took the trunk to carry to shew a woman.

Guilty . W .

George Tremble.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-40
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty

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189. (M.) George Tremble was indicted for making an assault on James Lockhart , Esq; on the king's highway, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one silk purse, one guinea, and 3 s. in money numbered, the property of the said James , January 23 . +

James Lockhart , Esq ; On the 23d of January, between six and seven in the evening, a man rode up to my chariot window, between Stamford Hill and the Seven Sisters at Tottenham ; there were two ladies in the chariot with me: he was mounted on a white or grey horse. He ordered us to deliver our money.

Q. What were his words?

Mr. Lockhart. Your money, ladies. I suppose then he did not see me.

Q. Did you see any arms?

Mr. Lockhart. No, I did not. The ladies delivered their purses; then he demanded my money. I delivered my purse with a guinea and some silver in it.

Q. What size man was he?

Mr. Lockhart. He seemed to be a little sized man (such was the prisoner): he had a surtout coat on, buttoned over best part of his face. I could not see his face.

Q. What do you say to his voice?

Mr. Lockhart. He was on the opposite side the chariot and spoke very low; so that I could not distinguish, to know his voice.

Q. Should you know your purse again?

Mr. Lockhart. I believe I saw that two days after at Sir John Fielding 's. I sent the day after the robbery to let him know there was a highwayman upon that road. After the prisoner was taken, Sir John sent for me.

Q. Did you know the prisoner then?

Mr. Lockhart. No, I did not. I desired the man to retire, seeing the ladies were frightened, and he retired to the hind wheel, and I gave my purse to one of the ladies, and she delivered it to him.

John Lewis . I am one of the beadles of St. George's, Hanover-square. On the 23d of January it was my turn to attend. I had the prisoner given me in charge a little after twelve at night; I found all these things upon him (he produced three silk purses with money in them); there was a guinea in one of them; but I was desired to deliver that to the prisoner for his support while in gaol.

Mr. Lockhart. I had such a piece of silver coin this in my purse; I believe it to be mine. It is a common piece: I have had thousands of them. (Holding a piece of foreign money in his hand.)

Mary Hopkins . I was in the chariot along with Mr. Lockhart. I do not know the person that stopped the chariot. He asked for our money; but I saw no pistol: he came on the side the chariot I was on: I was frightened, and gave him my purse.

Q. Was there any thing in that purse that you know again?

M. Hopkins. Yes, and I know my purse. (She takes up three pieces of money and the purse:) These I can swear to; the purse is my own work: one of the pieces of money is a King William's and Queen Mary's farthing, with a piece of copper on the middle of it; the other is a piece of gold, and the third a French half-crown. I saw these again at Sir John Fielding's, and said then they were the same I had been robbed of: there were other money in my purse, but that I could not swear to.

Elizabeth Stears . I was in the chariot at the same time. I was robbed of a green purse, and some remarkable money in it. (She takes up two pieces and the purse.) This purse is mine. One piece is a Spanish dollar; the other a Newark shilling coined in the time of Oliver. These were in my purse when I was robbed.

John Townshend . I am coachman to Mr. Lockhart. I drove him on the 23d of January last. A man came riding up on one side of me below Stamford Hill, near the Seven Sisters, and ordered me to stop: it was quite a moon-light night, and I could see part of his face, but cannot down-right swear to him. After he ordered me to stop I went on; then he turned round and ordered me to stop again, and presented a pistol at me.

Prisoner's Defence.

The person that I got that money of is out of the way at present. I had been at the play that same evening; one Dunbar and Mr. Cook, that lives in Wood-street, were with me; coming home, Mr. Cook parted with me, and I went to my lodgings in Blackmore-street. I got home about half an hour after eleven o'clock: I did not go to bed then; I went out to a house in Prince's-street. I was in that neighbourhood from five in the afternoon till twelve or one o'clock.

For the Prisoner.

Joseph Dunbar . I have known the prisoner but a few months.

Q. How many months?

Dunbar. Three or four.

Q. What is he?

Dunbar. He is a white-smith .

Q. What are you?

Dunbar. I am a jeweller, and live in Grub-street.

Q. Where is the prisoner's place of abode?

Dunbar. I never knew where he lived; I understood he lived somewhere near Long Acre. I have been in his company several times.

Q. When was you in his company last?

Dunbar. I think I was in his company on the 23d of January, but I cannot determine that.

Q. When did you hear of his being taken up?

Dunbar. I did not hear of that till last Sunday se'nnight; I then went to him in Newgate: the last time I saw him was at the play.

Q. Did you go with him to the play?

Dunbar. No, I did not.

Q. What play was acted that night?

Dunbar. It was Cymberline at Drury-lane house. I know it was towards the lattter end of the month.

Q. What time did you see him there?

Dunbar. I saw him there before the hour of six: I believe he continued there till the end of the play: I saw him go out, and he wished me good night; we went out together. There were other people in his company, but I knew none but him.

Prosecutor. Cymberline was the play acted the night I was robbed.

William Cook . I have known the prisoner four or five years; we have been intimately acquainted. I am a jeweller. I went to the play with him the 23d of January at Drury-lane house; we sat in the two shilling gallery: he called upon me at my house in Wood-street about three o'clock, and dined at my house, and asked me if I would go to the play. I said, as it was a broken afternoon, I would. We got to the play about half an hour after four, before the doors were opened, and waited there a good while. We continued there all the play, and staid till the entertainment was over. I left him at the door of his lodging about half an hour after ten, and went home. He lodged in Blackman-street.

Q. Were any body else in your company?

Cook. No, there were only he and I.

Q. Did you see any body give him a purse, or money?

Cook. No, I did not.

Thomas Hancock . I keep the city of Durham, a public-house, in Blackmore-street, Clare-market; the prisoner lodged with me. The 23d of January was a club night; I have a club every Monday night; I did not take notice then, but the next morning I heard he was taken; I do not know where; but on the Monday night he came to my house between ten and eleven o'clock. He was going out again; I said, George where are you going at

this time of the night? we shall soon go to bed; the best part of the company are gone. I did not see him come in, but he went out then, returning me for answer he should soon be back; the next day I heard he was in custody.

Q. Did he tell you he had any curious pieces of money given him?

Hancock. No.

Prisoner. I went to supper, after I left Mr. Hancock's, at the Two Blue Posts in Cockpit-alley, just by. The man that gave me the money is absconded. Sir John Fielding asked me if I chose to give an account of them pieces; I told him I would not. I have taken all the pains I could to have the man apprehended, and I find since he is in France.

Q. to Townsend. What size man was the man that stopt the chariot?

Townsend. He appeared to be a thinish sized man, much the size of the prisoner: I could not distinguish whether he wore a wig or his own hair, but it was a darkish curl.

Q. to Hancock. How long has the prisoner lodged at your house?

Hancock. He has lodged at my house between three and four months; he is a bell-hanger or white-smith; he did several jobs for me; he hung three bells for me.

Q. Where did he use to work?

Hancock. I do not know that he worked any where; he told me he went out to work; he sometimes had an apron on, and looked like a man that went out to work.

Prisoner. I worked journeywork. In the early part of my life I worked for my father, and after that, I did bell-hanging for myself: that business being so beneficial, I did not work but three days in a week, which were sufficient to maintain me very well.

Guilty . Death .

(M.) He was a second time indicted for stopping Thomas Wheatham , Esq; on the highway, and with a pistol demanding the money of the said Thomas, with intent to rob him , Jan. 23 . ||

Captain Thomas Wheatham . On Monday, the 23d of January, between twelve and one at night, the prisoner at the bar stopped me in my chair in New Bond-street ; he said he would have my life or my money, to the best of my recollection they were his words, and presented a pistol at me, and immediately thrust it through the glass. I called to my chairman to let me out. I had drawn my sword out of the scabberd, and directed the point towards the glass, and endeavoured to get out: the prisoner then was for retiring.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Captain Wheatham . It was very moon-light. I suppose in about a couple of minutes, or not so much, the fore chairman had got hold of him, and he was struggling with him on the ground in the middle of the street; when I got out, I went up to him, and pointed my sword to him, and desired him to surrender, which he soon did: when he was up, I took this pistol from the ground which lay under him. (Producing a pocket pistol.) It was charged with only powder and a bit of cork.

- Edwards. I was bringing Mr. Wheatham home. We were stopt by the prisoner in New Bond-street. I was behind. He put a pistol through the glass of the chair, and said, Sir, your life or your money. That very minute my master said something, what I cannot tell. My partner laid hold of the prisoner, and by meer strength flung him down in the street. My master called to me to let him out, which I did as soon as I could, and we secured the prisoner. This pistol was found under the prisoner in the struggle.

Peter Marsdon . I was the fore chairman; the prisoner bid me stop. I did not stop at first; he said, If you do not stop, I will blow your brains out. Then I set down the chair. I turned round, and he went to my master. I saw my master with his sword drawn in the chair; he called to us to open the chair; instead of opening it, I laid hold of the prisoner as soon as I saw him strike his pistol through the glass, and threw him on his back in the middle of the street, and secured him.

Guilty .

He was capitally convicted not two years ago in Surry, but received his majesty's free pardon.

Mary Gay.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-41
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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190. (M.) Mary Gay , spinster, was indicted for stealing a bed blanket, value 2 s. the property of Rupert Smith , Jan. 27 . ||

Rupert Smith . I keep a broker's shop , and live in Benjamin-street . I was in my back room, and hearing a table fall in the shop, I ran out, and saw the prisoner going away with a blanket; I went, and brought her back, and took it from her. (Produced and deposed to.) She took it out of my shop.

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked it up in the street.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Thomas Sutton.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-42
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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191. (M.) Thomas Sutton was indicted for stealing an iron plough chain, value 3 s. the property of John Jackson , Jan 19 . +

Henry Guest . I live at Winchmore-hill. The prisoner is a labouring man , and lived within half a mile of me. I am a blacksmith. The prisoner brought this plough chain to me, and said he found it between London and Tottenham: On the Monday following I heard he was taken up about some horseshoes; then I gave an account of this chain. Mr. Jackson came and owned it. (Produced in court.)

John Jackson . I live at Edmonton . This is my plough chain; it was taken from the plough in the common field.

Jos Guyant . The prisoner told me the chain was the property of Mr. Jackson.

Guilty 10 d. T .

John Barfoot.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-43

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192. (M.) John Barfoot was indicted for stealing a coachman's great coat, value 30 s. and a pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. the property of Daniel Green , Jan. 1 . ++

Daniel Green . I lost a great coat and a pair of breeches out of Hemings's yard, about a month or five weeks ago. The prisoner had worked in the yard some time before.

James Chandler . I live in James-street, Grovesnor-square. On New Year's day the prisoner came with this great coat on his back, and offered it to me sale. I bought it of him. ( Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Mary Canning . I keep a clothes shop. I bought these breeches of the prisoner the Thursday after Christmas day. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner's Defence.

A man that worked with me got me to sell them, and I gave him the money.

Prosecutor. The prisoner had lived five years in the yard, but I never heard any ill of him before.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Grindall.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-44
VerdictNot Guilty

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193. (M.) Elizabeth Grindall , widow, was indicted for the wilful murder of Mary Grindall her daughter, an infant about a year and a half old, by casting it into the New River . She stood charged on the coroner's inquest for the said murder, January 15 . +

Thomas Babington . There was a message came to one of our overseers, I think from Sir Richard Glynn , that a child was lost in the New River . The overseer sent me to look after it. I went with the beadle of St. Andrew's. When we came to the Sir Hugh Middleton's Head, I saw a person going with a rake to drag for the child; the child was found, and I was sent for. I borrowed a board of Mr. Davis, it was put upon that, and taken in at Sir Hugh Middleton 's Head. There I saw the prisoner. I was told it was her child. I heard her say as she was leaning over a rail to shew the child something, it sprung out of her arms.

Q. How did she behave when she saw the child?

Babington. Very loving indeed, and kissed it a number of times, and said, Let me wipe thy pretty face as I used to do, and cried I thought very much. We going by the Vineyard walk to go to the Justice, I believe she mistook that for a church-yard, she saying, This is the church-yard where the dear father lies ( meaning her husband); if he had lived, this had never happened.

Henry Davis . I am wharfsman to the New River Company. I think it was the 16th of last month, it was on a Monday in the afternoon, one of our men, named John Driver , came and told me there was a child in the river, and a man was going to try to get it out. He took one rake and I another, and I happened to pull the child up in my yard. I delivered it to the master of our workhouse. He told me there would be a committee sit at the workhouse in the afternoon. He desired me to lend him a bit of a board to lay it upon, which I did; and I think it was taken to Sir Hugh Middleton 's Head. I was there three days after when the coroner sat upon the child; the prisoner was there, and had a mind to see the child. I asked her how she could be so cruel as to murder her own child; but she made me no answer. I went out of the room, and took no farther notice.

Q. How did she appear?

Davis. I could hardly discern the woman, there was such a crowd, and it was almost dark. She stood still and said nothing at all to me.

John Green . I live at the Horse and Groom in Holbourn. I was one of the constables of St. Andrew's parish. On the 15th of January, about ten at night, the prisoner came into the watch-house at the corner of St. Andrew's Church-yard; she was crying and making a great noise. The watchman and beadle said, Here is a charge for you, this woman has drowned her child in the New River, and she is come to deliver herself up. I only asked her one question. I said, Good woman, what have you

drowned your child in the New River? She said, If I have, I am come here to suffer for it; and I had rather die than live. I sent her to the Compter directly, the next day I brought her here ( it being sessions time) before an Alderman. I was ordered to go with her to the New River, and search for the child. She went very willingly with me, and shewed me the place. I took her to Sir Hugh Middleton 's Head, and a raker was set to work. The child was found and brought there; and she begged very hard to see it. She seemingly was very much concerned. She turned round, as if saying her prayers, for about half a minute; then she turned and kissed the child, and said, My dear Polly, I wish I had you alive again! and such like words.

Q. Did you ever hear any reason assigned for this woman making away with the child?

Green. No.

Henry Guy . I am beadle of St. Andrew's. I was at the watch-house that night the prisoner came there; there were a great many people followed her. I do not know who brought her there. I never saw the people before nor since. They said, she had confessed to them, that she had thrown her child into the river; and she told me in the watch-house she had thrown her child into the New River, by Sadler's Wells, about seven o'clock at night.

Q. Mention the very words she said, if you can.

Guy. I have. I said then, Is it a boy or a girl? She said, a girl, about a year and a half old. That was all that past between she and me.

Q. Did Mr. Green hear this?

Guy. I believe this was before Mr. Green came.

Margaret Underwood . I live in Mutton-lane. The prisoner is my own sister. This daughter of her's was about a year and a half old, and was at my sister's at Deptford, whose name is Comfor. The prisoner brought the child from that sister's to my room; it was with me Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. The prisoner breakfasted and dined with me on the Sunday, and went out with the child in the afternoon; when she came home at night without the child, I asked her where it was; she fell a crying sadly, and said it was in the water; that was all she said to me. There was not a dearer mother born than she was to her baby: she would hardly let it be a minute out of her arms.

Q. Was she in distress?

Underwood. She is very low, and could do but little for it. I went up with her to the New River; she said she would go and surrender herself. I bid her a good night. I hardly knew what she said, I was so frightened; and I believe she hardly knew what she did say.

Prisoner's Defence.

I came away from Deptford with the child, and went to this sister's room. It was there from the Thursday till the Sunday evening. A little after three I took my child out to give it an airing. Going along Islington, I stopped to have a pint of beer, as it rained very hard. When I came out at the door the moon shone very fine; and whether the child saw the light of the moon in the river I cannot say, but it gave a spring from my arm into the water, and I ran away directly, being sadly frightened. It is very likely, if they asked me if I had hanged my child, I might have said I have. I was so frightened, I did not know what I said.

For the Prisoner.

Henry Comfor . I am brother-in-law to the prisoner. I knew her from an infant. I live at Deptford, and had the care of her child. There was not a tenderer mother to a child, nor could be, than she was to that child. I have never a child of my own. I had 1 s. 6 d. a week of the parish with it. I loved it and took care of it as my own; and thought I could not have a better than my wife's sister's child. I had the prisoner in my house some time. She loved the child even to distraction: no woman in the world could love a child better.

Mrs. Comfor. The prisoner is my sister. She was a very fond and indulgent mother. A fonder mother I believe there never was under the sun.

Mary Jones . I have known the prisoner five years. I knew the child extremely well: she was rather fonder of the child than common.

Acquitted .

Thomas Webb.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-45
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty

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194. (M.) Thomas Webb was indicted for stealing five feet of one inch deal board, value 6 d. three feet of one inch and a half board, two saw blocks, value 1 s. 6 d. and three feet of single cornish, value 6 d. the property of David Hume , November 22 . +

Alexander Hume . I am a carpenter and live at Stepney . I had missed stuff, and suspecting the prisoner, I went to his wife, and threatened to

get a constable if she would not let me see what wood he had. I found these two pieces. (Producing a piece of board and a small piece of cornice.) These are my property.

Cross Examination.

Q. What is the value of them?

Hume. I value one at 4 d. the other at 7 d.

Q. Did not the prisoner work journey work with you?

Hume. He did.

Q. Did you not owe him some money when he left you?

Hume. I did.

Q. Has he not arrested you and held you to bail?

Hume. He has for 10 l.

Q. Is it paid?

Hume. No, it is not; I offered to pay him, and he said he would leave it to his lawyer.

Q. How many bills have you preferred against him?

Hume. Two.

Q. When were the other goods taken?

Hume. That was for taking things the 30th of May, 1768.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted for stealing three deal boards, value 3 s. the property of Alexander Hume , May 30, 1768 . +

Alexander Hume . I never found them boards again.

Acquitted .

He was a third time indicted for stealing a drawer belonging to a carpenter's tool chest, value 3 s. an iron ax, value 3 s. two bench screws and an oil-stone , the property of Martha Davis , widow, November 21 . +

Martha Davis . I lost a great many things that were my husband's; I cannot tell what became of them; Mr. Hume took an account of them; I have seen them in his house.

Q. Who is to be at the expence of this prosecution?

M. Davis. Mr. Hume told me he would at first, and I put it into his power to do it.

Mr. Hume's Counsel. I know nothing of this indictment, I advise Mr. Hume not to give evidence upon it.

Acquitted .

John Currant.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-46

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195. (M.) John Currant , otherwise Corrand was indicted for stealing two men's hats, value 10 s. the property of William Mason , an one man's hat, value 12 d. the property of Joh Morgan, Jan. 29. +

William Mason . I keep a public house in Wapping . Last Sunday was three weeks, being the 29th of January, I lost two hats of my own, and another belonging to John Morgan : They were all taken out of my bar in the sore room. This was about seven in the evening. In about 20 minutes after, being in the street, there were many people got together. A little boy said, he saw two thieves go along loaded. I went as directed by him, and overtook the prisoner and another man. I took him by the collar, and said, What have you got there? He said, An old hat that I found in the street, and produced Morgan's hat. I said, What have you else? He said, Two others which I picked up all over mud. They were mine, but not dirty at all. I value my hats at 10 s. and Morgan's at one.

Prisoner's defence.

About half an hour after seven o'clock I went by that man's door. I stopping to make water, kicked against something. I stooped down. It happened to be three old hats. I took them up, and was going along, and he came and asked me what I had got, and I gave him them.

Guilty . T .

Samuel Fisher.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-47
VerdictNot Guilty

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196. (M.) Samuel Fisher was indicted for forging and publishing an order for the payment of 15 l. 15 s. purporting to be drawn by R. Smith, directed to Mess. Fuller and Son, bankers and partners, with intention to defraud William Walton , Sept. 17, 1768 . ||

William Walton . I am a victualler , and live in Long-alley, in St. Leonard, Shoreditch . On the 17th of September last, a little after one o'clock, the prisoner and another man came into my kitchen booted, and whips in their hands. There were several of my neighbours drinking and they asked most of them how they did by their names: Most of them were housekeepers. There were some steakes on the fire; they asked if they could have such; a butcher that was there said they could; they ordered a pound and a half, he fetched them, and my servant dressed them. They asked how my family did, and said they were sorry my wife was sick. The prisoner said they had some drafts, and desired I would change them. Then they fell into discourse with a cheese-monger; the prisoner and the other man calling themselves cheese and butter

factors from Nottingham. They were I believe half an hour in the house before the prisoner offered me this draft again. (Producing one.) I said, Are you sure this Smith is a good man; the prisoner said yes. I took it of him, and carried it up stairs, and brought down 15 guineas, and delivered them to him.

The draught read to this purport:

"17 Sept. 1768. Pay to Mr. John Jones ,

"or bearer 15 l. 15 s.

"R. Smith."


"To Mess. William Fuller and Son,

"Bankers, &c."

Walton. The other man was in the yard at the time; the prisoner called him Dick Smith . That is a very remarkable man; he has a very great dent in his chin. I really thought that some cheesemonger had been paying them a bill. They said they had a great way to go, and it would save them an hour if I would change it. I went on the Wednesday following to Mess. Fullers, and presented the bill for payment; they said it was good for nothing, and hoped I had not paid the money for it. I said indeed I had. I brought it away, and have had it ever since. That man was certainly Richard Smith that was with the prisoner.

Thomas Fuller . I am one of the partners. The prosecutor brought this bill into our shop. I refused to pay it.

Q. Is there any R. Smith that keeps cash with you?

Fuller. There is no Richard Smith that does, but there is one Robert Smith does; he is in our books Smith and Co. he does not write his name as this is, neither is it like his hand writing. This is upon one of our cheques.

Q. Can you guess how these people get your cheque papers?

Fuller. It is very easy for people to get them. We send for quires of them together.

Acquitted .

He was detained to be tried for defrauding the prosecutor by a false token.

See him tried for a crime of the same nature, No 147, in Mr. Alderman Asgall's Mayoralty. See also the trial of John Prince , No 114, in Mr. Alderman Bridgen's Mayoralty.

Thomas Mackaway.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-48
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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197. (M.) Thomas Mackaway was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 2 s. the property of Samuel Sankey , Jan. 16 . +

Samuel Sankey . I live in Bloomsbury court, High Holborn , and am a shoemaker . On Tuesday the 17th of Jan. my neighbour, Thomas Scriven , came and asked me if I had lost any thing. I had missed nothing. He said, Come into the shop, and see if there is any thing of yours. I there unfolded a handkerchief, in which was a linen gown, my property. He told me he had taken it upon a young man which he had secured. ( Produced in court and deposed to.) It was lost from out of the yard, the passage door almost always standing open.

Thomas Scriven . Betwixt six and seven in the evening, on the 17th of January, I saw the prisoner come out of the prosecutor's house with something under his arm. I followed him up the court. He went to two other boys; they turned to the left, and he went on and turned into Bloomsbury Square. I there took hold of him, and asked him what business he had in that house in the court. He said he did not know any house in the court. He had this gown under his arm. I took that and him back into the prosecutor's shop; it was wrapped in this handkerchief. (Produced in court.)

Prosecutor. The handkerchief is not mine.

Prisoner's Defence.

I lived with a lapidary three quarters of a year. I had left him about three days, and went up into Long Acre to play with some playfellows. I stopt to make water at this gentleman's door, there I saw the gown lying tied up in a handkerchief; I opened it and looked at it, and tied it up again, and went away with it, and this man came after me and said I stole it.

He called Dennis Fielding , a victualler at Hoxdon; William Carter , a victualler in White Cross street; and William Hussey ; who said he was between thirteen and fourteen years old, and they never knew any ill of him before.

Guilty 10 d. W .

He desired to be sent to Sir John Fielding with Wall and Handlen.

Matthew Starkey.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-49
VerdictNot Guilty

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198. (M.) Matthew Starkey was indicted for stealing six glass bottles, value 12 s. and 540 lb. weight of aqua fortis, value 20 l. the property of Benjamin Coney , Charles Gascoyne , and John Wilson , Jan. 18 . ||

Jos Burton . I am servant to Mess. Coney and Co. and have been for five years. They are druggists and dry salters . On the 17th of January I put thirty-two bottles of aqua fortis in the bottom of a boat to go to a customer at Wandsworth, and William Webb had the care of

them. When I came the next morning to see the boat safe thro' the Bridge, the boat and all was gone; it was brought back again to Mason's Stairs; then six bottles were missing, which contained about 500 lb. wt. of aqua fortis, value about 20 l. I heard of them again, on Thursday the 19th, at Ratcliffe-cross. I saw them at Mr. Tease's shop in that neighbourhood. I know the bottles again by the package, and by the clay on the tops, and one of the whickers had no handles. (That bottle produced in court and deposed to, as the property of Coney and Co.)

William Webb . I am a waterman, and ply at Mason's Stairs . I took in these bottles about eight o'clock on Tuesday evening. On the next morning, I and Joseph Burton went to see for the boat, but she was gone from her mooring. I found her at Wapping-dock, a mile and a half from Mason's wharf. I brought her back about twelve o'clock. I missed six bottles. The empty bottles were put upon the full ones. I observed some of the empty ones were pushed forwards, by means of which they could take the full ones out. There was one that had no handles to the wicker missing.

Jerrard Tease . I am an apothecary, and live at Ratcliffe-cross, about two miles from Mason's wharf. The prisoner offered to sell me some aqua fortis, on the 18th of January, in the morning. He was a stranger to me. I said I could say nothing to it till I saw a sample: he went and brought a sample, and said there were six bottles of it. Upon examining it I said, I could not afford to give above 7 d. a pound. Two porters brought it to my shop, but the prisoner was not with them at that time. He came soon after. I then asked him for the bill of parcels and the tare of the bottles; he said he had not got them: he said the weight of them was about four or five hundred pounds weight, and the value would be 15 l. 2 s. The bottles were not all full; three of them had been recently opened. I told him I could not pay him in less than a fortnight. He desired to have six guineas then. I paid him three, and promised him a draft for the rest, which was 11 l. 19 s. the next morning. The prisoner called twice in the morning, but I was not up; after that a porter called for it, and I gave it to him. I went to breakfast, and then I saw an advertisement of six bottles of aqua fortis being lost out of a boat. I sent to give notice to Coney and Co. that I had such a number of bottles. The prisoner came about ten. I said, Here is a fine piece of work, the bottles are stolen. He said, I have stopped the draft, and returned it. I then asked him for the three guineas, but he denied he had received any. I stopped him before any body came to my house from Coney and Co. then the prisoner said, he was not the man that sold me the goods; and before Sir John Fielding he said another man sold them to me, but he did there acknowledge he had received three guineas of me, at the second hearing. He gave me a fictitious name to write on the draft, that was, John Wallis , or bearer. There was no body came with him, either when he brought the sample, or made the bargain; I bought them of the prisoner only. He told me, when I mentioned it, that he had seen the advertisement, and wanted to make some proposals to me; but I said I would stop him to clear my character, and he might find somebody to clear his.

Charles Martin . I am servant to Mr. Tease. I was in the shop when the prisoner came and offered to sell him some aqua fortis, about nine in the morning. My master saying he must see a sample, he asked me for a phial; I gave him one, and he brought a sample. My master agreed with him for it. Then there were six bottles brought; this here is one of them. I observed three of them had been opened. I saw my master pay him three guineas in part for it, and the next morning he gave him a draft; he came twice that morning for it, once about seven, the other about eight, but my master was not stirring then. The prisoner sent a porter for it, and my master sent it by him. My master understood the prisoner's name to be Wallis, and wrote that name to the draft.

Tease. I thought his name was Wallis, and I asked the porter his christian name, and he said it was John.

William Edison . I belong to Mess. Coney and Co. I was concerned in packing up these bottles of aqua fortis, and in sending them into the craft. We have a very particular mark, by claying up the bottles, and tying them over with cloth. I am sensible this bottle here produced is one of the bottles.

Prisoner's Defence.

It is a very unlikely thing that I should go to dispose of the bottles, where I have lived twenty years, in the open day, if I had known they had been stolen. A well-dressed man came in at the back door at the Ship-a-Ground, within thirty yards of my own house; he said he was mate of a ship, and had this aqua fortis to dispose of. He took out a bottle

from his pocket, and desired me to go over to Mr. Tease and ask him the price of it, and said he would satisfy me. I went to Mr. Tease, and asked him if he bought aqua fortis; he said, I do. He spoke German to his man. I shewed him the sample; he said he would give 7 d. a pound for it. I said I thought it was sold by the gallon. Said I, I will go to the man, and let you know in half an hour whether you shall have it. I went to the gentleman, and said, I believed he could get no more. Then he said, Go over again, and ask if he will give 8 d. I went, but he said he would not give it. I went home; and after that the gentleman sent me word to go over and see the bottles weighed. They weighed four hundred, two quarters, and eighteen pounds. Mr. Tease told me he had no money in the house, but that he would pay in a little time. I told the gentleman. He said he must have five guineas. I went again, and he gave me three guineas in part; which I never put in my pocket, but went and gave it to the gentleman. He got up, and said, Do you stop a bit, and as soon as I come on shore again, I will pay you for your trouble, but he made off, and I saw him no more. I went as soon as I saw the advertisement to Mr. Tease, and returned the note.

For the Prisoner.

Peter Bready . I keep the Ship-a-Ground, a public house in Cross-street, Ratcliffe-cross. I have known the prisoner a many years. I always looked upon him to be an honest man. He is concerned in loading and unloading ships. I remember the day before he was taken up I saw a decent looking man with him at my house talking together. I did not understand what about. The man said, I will make you satisfaction for it; then the prisoner turned round, and I saw a little phial in his hand. I thought it was some Holland's gin. He went out at the street-door, and in a little time came back again, and said to me, If any body inquires for me, I am gone to Roger Williams 's to dinner, and went out.

Henry Ingle . I am a porter. I carried some aqua fortis in baskets for a seafaring-man (not the prisoner) to Mr. Tease's; as I could not do it all myself, I got another porter to help me: I took them up in a passage by Stone Stairs.

John Hill. I am a lumper, and live at Stone Stairs, Shadwell. The prisoner is a master lumper . He brought a phial of aqua fortis to me on a Monday in January, about eight or nine in the morning, and asked me if I knew the value of it. I said, I did not. He told me a mate of a ship delivered it to him for sale. He is a very honest man.

Jos Tolson . I am a sugar-refiner at Old Shadwell Stairs. The prisoner brought a sample of aqua fortis to me, saying he had a parcel that must be sold for ready money; and he was to be satisfied for his trouble if he sold it. I said I did not know the value of it. He called some time after, and said he had been offered 7 d. a pound for it by Mr. Tease; and he dined with me that day, and said then he had agreed. I have known him five or six years, and never knew, or heard, any ill laid to his charge.

Q. Did you see a seafaring man with him at this time?

Tolson. No, I did not.

Collet Chambers . I keep a public house. On the 19th of January, in the morning about nine o'clock, the prisoner came into my house, and asked me what I chose to drink, saying, he was afraid he had got into a hobble. How so? said I. He said, as he came along he went into a public house, and reading some paper, he saw the very same quantity that he had sold advertised; and that it was aqua fortis? I said, What business have you with aqua fortis. He said, it belonged to a ship at Bell Wharf. While we were talking, in came a porter with a piece of paper in his hand; he said to Mr. Starkey, Have you seen him? (They were the very words.) What is that you have in your hand? said Mr. Starkey. It is a bill I got of the Doctor, said the Porter. Mr. Starkey took it and opened it, and gave it me, and said, Here is the thing I was relating to you, and added, What shall I do? I said I knew Mr. George Sowerby , the man that it was upon. I bid him go and return it to the Doctor again, and give notice to the advertiser. He asked me to go with him; I did. Mr. Tease was standing at his door, who said to Mr. Starkey, Here is a fine piece of work! Starkey said, I have stopped the draft, for I saw the advertisement, and am come to acquaint you of it: you know it was not mine. Mr. Tease said, I do not care for that, I shall stop you.

Daniel Thomas . I am a weaver. On the 18th of January I went to the Ship-a-Ground by Ratcliffe-cross, about eleven o'clock in the morning, where I saw Starkey come in with a couple of men. I heard him say something to them, and saw him put down two or three guineas upon the table, but do not know who took them up. They talked about meeting the next day. They seemed to be seafaring men. One of them looked like a mate of a ship.

Q. Where do you live?

Thomas. I live in Whitechappel road.

Q. How far is that from the Ship-a-Ground?

Thomas. It is about a mile and a half distant.

Q. Was you acquainted with the prisoner?

Thomas. No; only I have seen him in public houses.

Peter Duffel . I keep a public house in Wapping, at the corner of the New-Church. I have known the prisoner about fourteen years, who bears a very good character, and is a lumper by business.

Charles Duffel . I am a farmer, and live in the Borough. I have known him fifteen or sixteen years; he has a very honest character.

Thomas Wilson . I live at Bell-dock, Wapping. He is a very honest, industrious man.

Roger Wilson . I live at the Plume of Feathers, a public house at Cole Stairs. I have known him ten years. I never heard any thing to prejudice his character in my life.

Michael Murphy . I keep the George and Vulture, a public house at Shadwell-dock. I have lent him ten or twenty pounds at a time. He always has paid me very honestly.

Ruby Thornton . I have known him six or seven years; but never heard any other of him than that of a good character.

Peter M'Mullings . I keep a public house, and have known him seven years. He always bore the character of an honest man.

Jos Lovet . I live at Cock-hill. I have known him about nine or ten years. I never heard any thing bad of him before this.

William Thomas . I am a shoemaker. I have known him about six years, but never heard any thing amiss of him.

Acquitted .

Thomas Lewis.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-50
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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199. (L.) Thomas Lewis , was indicted for stealing a martin's skin, value 5 s. the property of Samuel Robinson . It was also laid for stealing it, as the property of a person or persons unknown, January 31 . ++.

Thomas Cowley . I have been a servant to Mr. Samuel Robinson near eight years. He is a skin-broker . The prisoner was my fellow servant . On the last day of January, about two o'clock, he and I were in the warehouse at the Three Cranes by the water side, when Mr. Robinson came and gave us instructions what we were to do in the afternoon. I had taken some skins out of that warehouse, and carried them into another; coming in at the door, I heard something snap, and saw the prisoner at the farther part of the warehouse, where were four hundred martins skins. I saw him put something under his coat behind. I came up to him, and said, I believe you have been doing something you should not have done. I put my hand under his coat, and pulled out the martin's skin. (Produced in court.) I said, We have all of us been accused, things have been missing, and I am sorry you should behave in this manner; I will go and tell my master, and desire you would go out of the warehouse; he begged that I would not, and said that he never did such a thing before. I told him I could not nor would not conceal it. I got him out of the warehouse, and thought he would have come along with me, but he did not. I was by when he was before the Alderman; there he said he was never guilty of any such thing before; and he could not say but what I accused him with was right, and hoped they would take it into consideration.

Q. Was there one skin missing of the number?

Cowley. They were told over two or three times; there were but 399. This was broke from the string which went through the nose.

Q. How long had he worked for Mr. Robinson?

Cowley, He had been a servant there almost four years. I never saw him attempt such a thing before.

William Row . I am apprentice to Mr. Robinson. We have frequently lost skins. This was the skin Mr. Cowley brought to me, (holding it in his hand) and said he found it under the prisoner's coat behind.

Q. Look at this letter (he takes a letter in his hand).

Row. I know this to be the prisoner's handwriting. It is directed to my master, and dated the 1st of this instant, February.

It is read in court; the purport of it begging pardon for what he had done the day before. Signed Thomas Lewis .

Prisoner's Defence.

I was the very person that counted these skins, and that strung them. Certainly, if I intended to steal them, I had better have stolen them when they were loose than when they were strung. I did not intend to steal it. I broke it with my foot, and upon hearing my fellow servant coming I put it under my waistcoat. I could not have worked with it there all the afternoon.

When my master went and rummaged my lodgings, he found nothing.

To his Character.

John Medwell . I have known the prisoner fourteen years. He was as good a servant as ever man had, as to his honesty. I have trusted him with my most valuable drugs. He lived with me three years and a half, before he went to Mr. Robinson's.

Q. How long is it since he left you?

J. Medwell. It is about five years since he married and settled in business, or he would not have left me. I took his brother when he went away, who has been with me ever since. I would find him employment, and trust him again, was he at liberty.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Edward Thomas.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-51

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200. (L.) Edward Thomas was indicted for stealing eight cheeses, value 16 s. the property of Benjamin Wentworth , February 22 . ++

John New . I am servant to Mr. Benjamin Wentworth , at Broker's Wharf . I saw the prisoner at the bar go and take these eight cheeses from off a pile, and go away with them. I followed and took them from him. This was on the 22d of this instant, February, about seven in the evening.

Prisoner's Defence.

A man came and asked me if I would earn a pot of beer to carry eight cheeses. I took them up, and was taken up with them. I am a lighterman by trade.

Guilty . T .

Francis Winstanley, Benjamin Murphy.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-52
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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201, 202. (L.) Francis Winstanley and Benjamin Murphy were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Vaughan on the 8th of February , about the hour of three in the night, and stealing nine silver table spoons, a silver pepper castor, a silver milk pot, a silver punch ladle, a cloth coat, and a linen shirt; in all to the amount of 4 l. 13 s. the property of the said William, in his dwelling house . ++

William Vaughan . I keep a public house , the Anchor and Hope, in Ivey-lane . I was alarmed between seven and eight in the morning on the 5th instant, February. My wife got up and went down stairs; she soon seat me word up that my house was broke open, and I was robbed. I got up and came down, and found the door of my cupboard in the bar was broke, the lock also broke, out of which I mist eight table spoons, a pap spoon, a milk pot, a pepper castor, a punch ladle, six silver castors, some table cloths and shirts, a cloth coat, and several things out of the parlour, that are not mentioned in the indictment.

Q. Which way did they get in?

Vaughan. I found my cellar door broke open. The flap had been forced open, which is in the street.

Q. Was that secured over night?

Vaughan. It was. There was a bolt on the inside, which went into the frame, which they were obliged to force before they could get in. Part of the frame was wrenched up. I advertised an odd buckle, scratched W. B. upon it, among other things we had lost. The day after Christopher-Maxey Miller was brought to my house with an odd buckle, who gave us an account of more things that we had lost than we knew of. He mentioned a two gallon cag of brandy. He said he bought the buckle of Murphy; and charged Winstanley and Murphy with the robbery.

Q. Did he say he himself was concerned with them?

Vaughan. No, he did not; only that he had been drinking part of the brandy with them, and bought the buckle of Murphy. After Winstanley was committed by Mr. Alderman Crosby, he desired to be admitted an evidence, but the Alderman would not admit him. Coming along, I said, How could you be so cruel to serve me so, so good a master as I have been to you? He said he did do it, but was sorry, and hoped I would be favourable to him. I said, Why did you not speak before? He said he would have spoke, but the Alderman would not let him. I knew him from a child; he had been servant to me about a month. Said I, You could never carry them things away, Frank. No, Sir, said he, there were two others concerned. Who are they? said I. He said, Benjamin Murphy and John Coleby . (Coleby is not taken.) I asked what they did with the plate: he said, We shared it, but it is sold. I said, Where did you sell it? He said, To one Peggy, that lives at one Welch's in St. Giles's, at a little chandler's shop by the dead wall. I said, What did you mean by having that little hatchet in the bar? (I found my hatchet lying

there, which we used to chop wood with in the cellar to light the fire in the morning.) Sir, said he, I knew you was resolute, and if you had come down, we were determined to chop any one down that came to detect us. (The hatchet produced in court, and the broken lock to the cellar door.) Said I, Would you have chopped me down? But he made no answer to that. He said, Murphy went down into the cellar with him, and was in the house with him. He said, After they had taken the things, they went into the parlour, made a fire, and made some punch. I said, I hope you made it good, Frank? Yes, Sir, said he. Then he said he went into the scullery and got a pair of my shoes, and pulled his old ones and stockings off, and the while he was putting them off, and putting a pair of my shoes and stockings on, Murphy drank all the punch up. He told to several people that he himself was the principal person in acting, but Murphy persuaded him to it, and was with him. Here are his old shoes and stockings which we found in the parlour the next day (Produced in court ).

Richard Row . I am a peace officer. On the 9th of this month, at night, I had been round searching my ward. I came home about two or three in the morning; as I was coming home, I thought to go and search the lodging houses, to see if I could find any of these lads; Mr. Vaughan having told me he had been robbed. I found Winstanley in one, I made him dress himself. (I knew him when he lived with Mr. Vaughan. I searched his great coat pocket, there I found a brass candlestick, and also another on his pillow. I said, How came you by these? He said he stole them out of Broad-court, in company with Murphy. I secured him in St. Giles's round-house; then I went to another night house in Drury-lane, and found Murphy in bed. I brought him to the Round-house. The next morning I brought Winstanley to Mr. Vaughan, and he took him before Mr. Alderman Crosby, the sitting alderman. I asked him how he could be so foolish to do such a thing; he said, it was by getting into bad company, that made him do it. I asked him who were the chief persons that put it into his head; he said they were Murphy and Coleby, and that they had been at him some time to go a thieving with them. I asked him how he broke the cellar window open; he said, With an ax. I asked him whether he went into the cellar immediately; he said he did, and Murphy followed him; and he found an old rusty gimlet on the head of an old butt, which he opened the cellar door with, and also the cupboard door in the bar, where the plate and money was. (The gimlet produced by prosecutor, and rusty as described.)

Row. I asked him where he sold the plate; he said he gave one Joseph Twyner a crown for shewing him. The place where he sold it was at one Welch's, facing St. Giles's watch-house. I asked him what he did with all the brandy; he said they gave it amongst the girls in St. Giles's. I took six or seven of the girls up that drank some of the liquor, and had them before Sir John Fielding ; but they were discharged. Winstanley had one of the shirts on his back, which the prosecutor owned, and here is another he gave a girl to pawn for him. (Produced and deposed to by prosecutor to be the property of a lodger in his house named Jones.) He said that girl and he had been out in a one-horse chaise. Christopher Miller was here the first day of the sessions, but since that he has absconded. I heard Murphy acknowledge he sold him the odd buckle, and that he had the punch ladle.

Prosecutor. Here is the fellow to the odd buckle, they are both marked alike. (Produced and compared by the court and jury.)

Rebecca Arm Vaughan . I got up before my husband that morning, between seven and eight o'clock. I found my house broke, and a great many things were stolen; many not mentioned in the indictment.

Q. Was your house safe before you went to bed?

Mrs. Vaughan. I know it was. I and my servant were up last. When I got up, I found the hatchet lying in the bar, and Winstanley's shoes, stockings, and old hat lying in the parlour on the floor.

Q. Do you know any thing more than what your husband has mentioned?

Mrs. Vaughan. I can say no more.

Jane Merideth . I am servant to the prosecutor. My mistress and I were up last over night. We continually go round to see that all the locks and windows are secure.

Q. Do you know whether the cellar window was secure?

Jane Marideth . I know it was. We always secure the house every night, and look at the fire. I know no more than my mistress has mentioned.

John Hill . I am a neighbour. I followed Mr. Row when he was taking the prisoner Murphy to prison. I heard him say, he had a good pull at the bar, that there was good brandy and rum there.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did you find any of your things again besides your odd buckle and a shirt?

Prosecutor. No; I have found nothing else.

Q. to Row. Had you made Winstanley any promises before he made a confession?

Row. I believe he expected favour. I only told him, he had better tell. I made him no promise that he should not be prosecuted.

Winstanley's Defence.

The morning Mr. Row took me at this night-house, he got me greatly fuddled, and I might say what I did not know. He told me he would let me go, if I would tell him where the things were. I am going into the 15th year of my age.

Row. I never stopt any where, but took him to the watch-house.

Prosecutor. I have known Winstanley eighteen years and upwards.

Murphy's Defence.

I was not in the robbery. I never knew there were brandy and rum. I never knew there were any. This lad (meaning Winstanley) came to me one morning and asked me to lend him half a crown for that buckle; I gave that buckle to Maxey Miller. I was not with them in the robbery. I never saw the punch ladle, nor owned to it. I am a poulterer by trade, and work for Mr. Coleman near Clare Market. I had been out of work for three months.

Winstanley guilty . Death .

Murphy acquitted .

Murphy was cast for stealing linen last session at Hicks's-Hall and publickly whipped.

William Pegg.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-53
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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203. (L.) William Pegg was indicted for stealing an iron cramp, value 5 s. the property of Daniel Rutter , Jan. 14 . +

Daniel Rutter . I live in Bartholomew Close , and am a calenderer and glazer . The prisoner was my journeyman . I lost an iron cramp about the 14th of January. I found it again at Mess. Holbury and Dean's in Turnmill-street.

John Holbury . I am a partner with John Dean ; we keep an old iron shop. On the 12th of Jan. the prisoner brought this iron cramp to sell; I bought of him. The prosecutor came afterwards and owned it. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Guilty 10 d. T .

There was another indictment against him.

George Decker.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-54
VerdictNot Guilty

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204. (M.) George Decker was indicted for stealing 700 lb. weight of green tea, value 100 l. the property of the united company of merchants trading to the East Indies , Nov. 18 . +

Simon Holbrook . I am a tea warehouse keeper belonging to the East-India company, On the 18th of November last, upon opening an outware-house, there were about 700 lb. weight of tea missing, supposed to be stolen.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Halbrook. He had been a watchman at that warehouse, but was not at the time I mist the tea; he had been gone away about three weeks before, and he came back again on the 16th of Nov. then he was employed as a labourer in the warehouses. We had occasion to open that warehouse, and then we found a chest that had been broke open, that caused us to search further; when we found several chests that appeared to have been opened. I acquainted the directors of it, and we went to Sir John Fielding , and had a search-warrant. The prisoner lived somewhere by White-Chapel bars.

Q. Had you any other suspicion of the prisoner but by his being a watchman?

Holbrook. We had not. On the search-warrant we found a bag in the prisoner's house that had had tea in it.

Q. Was that all you found?

Holbrook. That was all; he did not come to work again, which looked rather suspicions. The 18th was a Friday, and he did not come the next day to take his wages. I believe he called on me on the Sunday at my house, but I was not at home; and on the Monday morning I was informed he came to the warehouses, but did not stay to be taken on, and from that time he absconded. There were three locks to that warehouse door, but we found the door might be lifted off the hinge at the bottom.

John Chasemore . I am an officer belonging to his Majesty's customs. I went down in the morning with the company's men. We discovered a chest had been broke open, and the greatest part of the tea taken out. Then we looked about and discovered more. I know nothing of the prisoner.

Acquitted .

William Hedges, Catharine Hussey, Bridget Dalton.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-55
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty > no evidence

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205, 206, 207. (M.) William Hedges , Catharine Hussey , and Bridget Dalton , were indicted; the two first for stealing nine cloth jackets, value 9 s. nine woollen jackets, value 9 s. seven woollen surtout coats, value 9 s. a woollen frock, and three cloth waistcoats , the property of Thomas Booth ; and the other for receiving part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , February 7 . +

Thomas Booth . I live in Cross-street, Hatton-Garden ,

and am a taylor . On the 7th of this instant, February, I lost eighteen boys and men's coats, cloth and woollen; there were nine of each sort; three cloth waistcoats, and many livery waistcoats that I cannot give an account of; and a frock with a scarlet collar on it. We searched several places that night, but could find nothing. Here are some things that were stopped at Richard Newton 's, a pawnbroker, who lives by the corner of Benjamin-street, Cow-lane.

Richard Newton . I had a bill from Mr. Fielding of these things, but I stopped these things before the bill came. (He produced two jackets and a frock.) They were brought by Catharine Hussey . She said they were her brother's.

Q. Did you stop her?

Newton. No; I did not. She said they were her brother's. On the Saturday night before, a little boy came into my shop to pawn a cotton handkerchief for 1 s. he brought Hedges with him; after that he went and brought Catharine Hussey , and I took it in of her. When she came to pawn the jackets, I told her, that if she did not go and fetch her brother, she should not have them again. She came then in the name of Catharine Evans .

Prosecutor. I was robbed two separate times. The man at the bar declared before the Justice, if he was loose he would rob me the next day. (He takes up a waistcoat and coat). These were on his back when I took him up. (Produced and deposed to.) I lost these things about nine days before I lost the others. There were six coats taken at once; this was one of them.

John Heley . When Mr. Newton came to Sir John Fielding 's he brought these coats. He had a warrant granted him to get the party. I went with him. When we got into Turnmill-street, we met Hedges and Hussey, and two other women. Newton said, they are the thieves. I asked Hussey what she had got in her apron; she said, What is that to you. I took and searched her, and found these jackets in her apron. (Five livery jackets produced.)

Q. to Prosecutor. Were any thing else lost at the time these were?

Prosecutor. The livery jackets were lost at the same time that the six coats were.

Heley. Hussey said Hedges gave them to her.

Q. What answer did he make to that?

Heley. He made none at all.

Q. Do you think he heard her?

Heley. I think he did, for he was just by her; Dalton was along with her. She had some sugar about her, which is in another indictment.

Thomas Bird . I know Bridget Dalton . She bought three livery waistcoats, and two short jackets of Hedges. (He points them out from the rest.) I was by at the time. It was a public house in Turnmill-street. She gave half a crown earnest.

Q. What public house?

Bird. It was at the sign of Wilkes's Head. She was to give 6 s. for them.

Q. When was this?

Bird. This was the day after they were lost. Hedges, I, and Catharine Hussey , were at the taking of them. Hedges went into the house eight or nine times, and brought out something every time, and delivered them to Catharine Hussey , and she brought them to me. I was with them when the six great coats and waistcoats were sold.

Q. Can you tell what business Bridget Dalton follows?

Bird No; I cannot. I have not known her a great while. I never had any dealings with her but this once.

Hedges and Hussey guilty . T .

Dalton acquitted .

They were a second time indicted; the two first for stealing 4 lb. wt. of sugar, value 2 s. the poperty of George Northover ; and Dalton for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen .

No evidence given, all three acquitted .

Joseph Ward.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-56
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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208. (M.) Joseph Ward was indicted for stealing three table cloths, value 5 s. the property of our sovereign lord the King , January 14 . +

Henry Leicester . I live in Chelsea Hospital , and have the care of the King's linen there. We lost three table cloths, No. 4. No. 12. No. 16. they were taken out of the ground belonging to his Majesty as they were hanging out to dry, between the 13th and 14th of January; and being very frosty weather, we could not take them in without damaging of them.

Q. Whose property were they?

Leicester. They were the property of the King. - Shepherd. I live in Buckle-street. On the 14th of January I think the prisoner came to the Half-Moon and Punch Bowl in Buckle-street, Whitechapel, between eight and nine in the morning; the man's name that keeps the house is Brebrook; he said, Young man, how came you by these things? The prisoner had these three table cloths. (Produced in court.)

Leicester. These are the property of the King, and the same we lost.

Shepherd. The prisoner said, he brought them from Mrs. Grigg's at Chelsea to his aunt in Argyle Buildings to be washed. We went with him to see it it was so. The aunt said she did not wash for any body at Chelsea. Then we took him to Justice Spinnage, and he was committed. The linen was marked with a crown.

Susannah Gregg . I never employed the prisoner to carry any linen to town. He lodged with me two years, and robbed me when he went away.

Guilty . T .

He was a second time indicted for stealing a looking glass and a linen sheet , the property of Susanna Gregg , Jan. 13 . +

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth .
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-57
VerdictNot Guilty

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209. (M.) Elizabeth, wife of Charles, Wilkinion was indicted for stealing a feather-bed, value 21 s. and two looking-glasses, value 5 s. the property of William Swan , Jan. 1 . ++

Acquitted .

John Irish.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-58
VerdictNot Guilty

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210. (M.) John Irish was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. the property of Mary Simms , widow, Jan. 14 . ++

Mary Simms . I am cook to Sir Thomas-Spencer Wilson, in New-Bond-street. I met with the prisoner in the Park, and we went along together. I pulled my watch out two or three times at his desire, for him to see what o'clock it was; and when we were in Piccadilly he had it in his hand to see what time it was, and would not give it me again, but was going away with it. I believe he did it without a thought. He was very much in liquor. I have it again, all but the case.

Acquitted .

Moses Alexander.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-59
VerdictNot Guilty

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211. (M.) Moses Alexander was indicted for forging and publishing a bill of exchange to this purport: 23d of April, 1768, sixty days after date pay to Mr. John Ives , or order, eighty-five pounds five shillings, for value received by John Morrison . Directed to Mr. William Heydon , grocer, Southwark, London, with intention to defrand John Morrison ; it was laid also to be done with intent to defraud Robert Miller , June 4 . +

Acquitted .

Mary .
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-60
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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212. (M.) Mary, wife of John, Ellison was indicted for stealing a piece of handkerchiefs, containing five yards, value 17 s. the property of William Emely , Jan. 19 . ++

Elizabeth Rose . I am servant to Mr. Emely, a linen-draper at Wapping-Old-Stairs . The prisoner came into our shop with a pretence to buy a piece of cloth for a lining to a gown. My mistress went to reach down some cloth to shew her. I saw the piece of handkerchiefs hang down from under her cloak. I took hold to pull them away, but she gathered them up to keep them out of sight. I said, What have you here? She said, My dear, I bought them at another shop. I pulled them from her, and they had our marks on them. My mistress and I know them. (Produced and deposed to.) The prisoner got out of the shop and ran away. We called, Stop Thief! She was taken, and brought into the shop again.

Prisoner's Defence.

As the gentlewoman was reaching to take down a piece of cloth, a whole heap fell upon her. I ran to assist her; and the girl came behind me, and asked where I got those handkerchiefs. I knew nothing of them.

She called Cornelins Wetherall , Ann Tundin , Rebecca Gregory , and Christan Turney , who gave her a good Character.

Guilty, recommended . B .

James Patrison.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-61
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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213. (M.) James Patrison was indicted for stealing a pannel saw, value 5 s. one plough, value 5 s. and one Turkey oil stone, value 4 s. the property of Francis Buchan , Jan. 30 . ++

Francis Buchan . I am a carpenter . On the 30th of January I lost the things, mentioned in the indictment, from out of a new house, where I was at work, in Barnard street . The prisoner was one of the workmen there. He was seen going to a pawnbroker's. We charged him with taking the things; he confessed he had taken and pawned them, and we found them accordingly.

Matthew Faulconer confirmed the account of the prisoner's confession and finding the things.

Guilty 10 d. W .

George Devall.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-62
VerdictNot Guilty

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214. (L.) George Devall was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of William Wyatt , Jan. 28 . ++

The prisoner, not having quite got the handkerchief in his possession, was acquitted .

John Williams.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbert17690222-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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215. (L.) John Williams was indicted, for that he, with divers other persons, to the number of an hundred, or more, near the mansion house of the Hon. Thomas Harley , then Lord

Mayor of the city of London , did riotously assemble, and gather themselves together, for the space of an hour, making a great noise and disturbance, and did cast divers large stones at and against the windows, and break and destroy part of the valuable furniture, &c . May 10th . +

Thomas Rochwell . I am one of the marshal's men. I was on my duty at the Mansion-house , on the 10th of May last. There was a great riot and disturbance, with a number of people before the Mansion-house. I saw the prisoner Williams there among them. They were hallooing out Wilkes and Liberty, and throwing stones up at the windows, and breaking the lamps. We went out by turns at the back door to try if we could detect any body; I went out and saw the prisoner go and pick up a stone and throw it. I saw it go over the stone banisters, where it hit I could not see. I went and took hold of him, but he wrenched himself away from me. I catched him again and took him into the Mansion-house. I received a good deal of hurt on getting him in at the gate by other people. There were four of the lamps broke in the front of the house, and several windows that night; some were broke before I took the prisoner. We secured him in the house till the mob was gone, then we took him to the Compter.

Prisoner's defence.

I was a little in liquor, and there were a vast number of people assembled before the Mansion-house. I thought I could not get through without I was busy amongst them, so I catched up a bit of dirt, or some thing, lest I should get some hurt among them. I came out of the Strand, and was going to White Chapel, and could not go on the other side the way. I did not intend to do any damage. I thought it the best way to do as they did to get through.

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Jasper Webb, Edw William, John Casey, Robert Davis.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbero17690222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Jasper Webb , Edw William , John Casey otherwise Clark , and Robert Davis otherwise David Roberts , capitally convicted last Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 22d of February.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Jasper Webb, Edw William, John Casey, Robert Davis.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbers17690222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment, as follows.

Received Sentence of Death, Three.

Francis Winstanley , John Woodthey , and George Tremble .

Transportation for fourteen years, One.

William Smithson .

Transportation for seven years, Twenty-one.

Eliz Mills , Isaac Loach , Deborah Task , James Jackson , Sarah Michael , Edward Thomas , William Pegg , John Charter , John Lewis , Thomas Baldwin , James Stead , Samuel Ford , Jonathan Dixon , Jane Spicer , John Warden , John Curront otherwise Corrand, Thomas Sutton , John Barfoot , William Hedges , Catherine Hussey , and Joseph Ward .

Whipped, Ten.

Richard Pearce , John Jones , James Pelham , Lawrence Wessels , Margaret Constable , Mary Gay , Thomas Mackaway , Thomas Lewis , Elizabeth Wooley otherwise Worley, and James Pattison .

Branded, Five.

Mary Jones , George Walt , Hardel Handlan , Thomas Taylor , and Mary Ellston ,

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Jasper Webb, Edw William, John Casey, Robert Davis.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbers17690222-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Jasper Webb , Edw William , John Casey otherwise Clark , and Robert Davis otherwise David Roberts , capitally convicted last Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 22d of February.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
22nd February 1769
Reference Numbera17690222-1

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Just published, Price bound 8 s.

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