Old Bailey Proceedings.
24th February 1768
Reference Number: 17680224

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
24th February 1768
Reference Numberf17680224-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OYER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 24th, Thursday the 25th, Friday the 26th, Saturday the 27th, Monday the 29th, of FEBRUARY, and Tuesday the 1st of MARCH, 1768,




Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Chruch-Yard.

[Price Six-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Before the Right Hon. THOMAS HARLEY , Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Hon. Sir EDWARD CLIVE , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas *; the Hon. GEORGE PERROT , Esq; one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +; the Hon. EDWARD WILLES , Esq; one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench ||; and JAMES EYRE , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + || ++ direct to the judge by whom the prisoner was tried; (L.). (M.) by what jury.


Will Hanscombe ,

Thomas Anstead ,

William Bentley ,

Francis Noys , *

* John Page served part of the time in the place of Francis Noys.

William Penny ,

Abrah Saunders ,

Samuel Hulme ,

Job Orton ,

Tho Duncombe ,

Benjamin Worthy ,

William Hurford ,

Benjamin Turner .


James Sheredine ,

Samuel Rider ,

Silvester Langfield ,

Rob Winkworth ,

Alex. John Gagnon ,

Thomas Neal ,

Joseph Lawson ,

Richard Head , +

+ Isaac Butterfield served part of the time in the place of Richard Head.

Joseph Frost ,

John Thomas ,

James Lamb ,

George Brain .

William Webberton.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-1
VerdictNot Guilty

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155. (L.) William Webberton was indicted for stealing two pewter pint pots, value 14 d. the property of John Davis , January 23 . ++

John Davis . I keep the Three Tuns, a public-house in Fetter-lane ; the prisoner was a scavenger's servant ; he saying he had a wife and three children, he had the liberty of having broken victuals at my house; I can only say he was at my house on the 23d of January, about six in the evening; he was taken and brought back to my house about twelve at night, with two of my pewter pots.

William Seller . I live at the One Tun at the bottom of Holbourn-hill; the prisoner was at my house on the 23d of January in the evening, sitting in a back room; a servant of mine perceived his pocket to stand out; she sent for me; when I came to him, he had taken out one pint pot, and delivered it to her; then he took another out, and gave it to me; I asked him how he came by them; he said he had picked them up, and intended to carry them to the prosecutor's house; while I turned to speak to a person he made out at the door; I followed and took him about one hundred yards from the door, and gave charge of him to the watchman, and took him to Mr. Davis's, his name being on the pots.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw the pots lying by Mr. Davis's door in Flower-de-luce court; I took them up, intending to deliver them to him in the morning.

Acq .

Alexander Smith.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-2
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > theft under 1s

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156. (M.) Alexander Smith was indicted for that he, on the 9th of June, 1766 , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of John Gilbert , did break and enter, and stealing 5 s. 7 d. in money numbered, the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house . ||

John Gilbert . I did keep a cheesemonger's and grocer's shop in Chiswell-street last June was twelvemonth; there was only one door to my house, that was fastened, and also my shutters; as I was lying in bed with my wife and child, I was awaked a little after two with the cry, help, help; I jumped out of bed, and heard a running down stairs; I ran down naked, and saw Samuel Carter my brother in-law, and the prisoner, tumbling about in the street pretty near the kennel; I fell upon the prisoner, he struggled very hard to get away; I knew him immediately, he had been an opposite neighbour to me; he called me by my name, and said I used him very ill; my wife got to the chamber window, and called murder or thieves; two watchmen came, and we secured the prisoner; when we had got our clothes on, we found he had got in at a flap, by taking up the wooden frame of a cellar window, which had never been opened while I lived there; from the cellar he opened the door, which goes up into the house; he had drawn the staples, and cracked the bolt; there appeared the mark of some iron instrument, by which it was wrenched open; in searching my till I missed all my loose halfpence, I can swear to 7 or 8 d. and in searching a drawer on the grocery side I missed a parcel of farthings; he was committed to Clerkenwell Bridewell, and he broke out, and was advertised, five guineas reward for taking him; he was not taken till last Monday se'nnight.

Samuel Carter . I boarded and lodged with my brother the prosecutor; about two o'clock that night, I was in my bed in a room on the same floor with my brother's; I thought I heard a noise like the shutting the shop door; I went to sleep again: some time after I thought I heard something in my room; I turned my head, and saw the prisoner with my breeches in his hand; he flung them down and ran towards me, in order to fall upon me; I jumped out on the other side before he could catch me; then he ran down stairs, I followed him; I made a noise on purpose to alarm my brother; I laid hold of the prisoner as he was opening the shop door; he opened it as I had hold of him, and got out; I never let go my hold; I had nothing on but my shirt; I got him on his back in the street; my brother came down in his shirt to my assistance; we secured him; the clock struck three while we were looking about to see where he got in.

Q. Was the sun up?

Carter. No, it was not, but it was not dark; the prisoner was without his shoes; they were found with the toe of one in the other, under a neighbour's shop window; we found the frame of the window had been wrenched quite up, and the door that comes up out of the cellar was wrenched open, as if done with a chisel, by a mark which we found.

James Horn . I am a watchman. On the 9th of June will be two years, I heard an outcry in Chiswell-street; I went there and saw Mr. Gilbert and his brother had hold of the prisoner.

Q. Was this before sun-rising?

Horn. It was; I assisted, and we carried him to the watch-house, and from thence to Bridewell; we did not search him.

Prisoner's defence.

I did not rob the house, nor yet break it open; I had been out with an acquaintance and was coming by, I saw the door open; I being a neighbour went in, and up stairs, and opened the room door; the man rose up in his bed and cried, murder and thieves; I was frighted out of my wits, and ran down stairs; he followed me, and took me by the collar, and pulled me down; I did not struggle at all; I am a Swede .

Acquitted .

(M.) He was a second time indicted for breaking the dwelling-house of Abraham Judah , on the 15th of February about the hour of one in the night, and stealing one silver salt, value 12 s. one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. one pair of leather pumps, value 2 s. one cloth coat, value 5 s. one linen sheet, value 5 s. and two iron pokers, value 5 s. the property of the said Abraham, in his dwelling-house . ||

Abraham Judah . I am a colour-maker in Chiswell-street ; we having been robbed three or four times, the last time was the 15th of February instant, about one in the morning; that night I had three people sitting up in my parlour with firearms, to watch who came; in the morning a little after one I was alarmed, and told they had taken the thief; I came down, they had him in the watch-house; I went there, there I saw the prisoner

and my two iron pokers, they are to be used at a large oven in my business; they are three yards long; the prisoner had worked for me two years, about three years ago, as a weekly servant ; he confessed he took the pokers; he also confessed he had stole a silver salt from me one night before, and had sold it at Islington.

William Conway . I am a watchman, The prisoner was coming along with these two iron pokers on his shoulder; I asked him where he was going; he said, to Islington; I said he was going the wrong way; I made him pitch them down by the watch-house, and secured him; (the pokers produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.) The beadle sent me to call the prosecutor; I went; he came and owned the pockers.

Q. to prosecutor. Where were the pokers taken from?

Prosecutor. They were taken out of the manufactory, not out of the dwelling-house.

Uriah Judah . I am son to the prosecutor. Our house having been broke open several times, I and two other men sat up four or five nights to watch; between twelve and one the 15th of February instant, we heard a bustling at the gate; the house stands up a yard about thirty yards from the gate; I sent up to let my father know; he came down; then we heard a bustle again; the gate was opened, there we found the watchman; we laid hold of him, and took him to the watch-house; there we found the pokers, and knew them to be my father's property; the prisoner upon being charged, confessed taking the things mentioned in the indictment, and begged for mercy, and wished we had taken him before when he took the other things, saying there would be an end of him.

Q. How did he say he got in to get the pokers?

Judah. He said he got over the lost at the top of the yard.

Leonard Crowther . I am beadle; I was at the watch-house in Chiswell-street; Conway brought the prisoner in; a person there said, perhaps this is the man that has robbed Mr. Judah; I sent for him, and he owned the pokers; the prisoner then said, I am a dead man.

Q. Does the work-shop where the pokers were taken from, join to the dwelling-house?

Prosecutor. No, it does not.

Prisoner's defence.

I worked for the prosecutor two years; I desire he would give an account how I behaved.

Prosecutor. He behaved very well when in my service.

Guilty of stealing 10 d. only . T .

Elizabeth Carter.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-3
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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157. (L.) Elizabeth, wife of John Carter , was indicted for stealing two china bowls, value 2 s. a silk hat, value 12 d. a linen gown, value 2 s. a silk cardinal, value 2 s. and two linen waistcoats, value 12 d. the property of William Gardener , Jan. 30 . ++

Sarah Gardener . I am wife to William Gardener . On the 30th of January I was in Fleet-market, I keep a green-stall, I lodge in Turnagain-lane; about half an hour after six in the evening I was sent for home; I saw the prisoner sitting on the garret stairs stopped by Mary Bill , all the things laid in the indictment were in her lap; I have known the prisoner many years.

Mary Bill . I lodge in the same house on the second floor, where the prosecutor lodges; I went up stairs about half an hour after six; I saw his room door open; I presently saw the prisoner upon the garret stairs; I desired my little girl to call out from the window for Mr. Gardener; he and his wife came; the prisoner had these things upon her; (the things produced in court and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I found these things on the stairs, and I was going to bring them down to ask who they belonged to, and they would not let me.

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Richard Baker.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-4

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158. (L.) Richard Baker was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 3 s. the property of Daniel Blinkhorn , Jan. 23 . ++

Daniel Blinkhorn . I am a hat-maker , and live in the Old Change . On the 23d of January, about seven in the evening, I had been out; when I came home, I found the prisoner in custody in my shop: the hat was brought in soon after; (produced and deposed to.)

John Selfe . I am apprentice to Mr. Blinkhorn; I saw the prisoner push in our sash-window, the groove being broken, and take the hat out about seven in the evening; I was in my shop at the time; I ran to the door, and cried, stop thief; he ran to Trigg-stairs; I followed him; he got into a lighter and laid himself down, there he was taken; the hat was found in the lighter.

John Harwood . I was upon Lambeth-hill; I saw the prisoner running toward the water side, and I heard the lad cry, stop thief; I stopped the prisoner, and asked him if he was the thief; he said, no; he had a hat in his left hand; I let him go; then the lad came up to me, and asked me whether I had seen a man with a hat in his hand; I then ran after the prisoner and called, stop thief; I saw him jump from off the stairs into

a lighter; he laid himself down with his face downwards; I took him out of the lighter, and carried him to Mr. Blinkhorn's house; then I took a candle and went to the lighter, and there I found the hat; I brought that to Mr. Blinkhorn also; he had his own hat on his head.

Prisoner's defence.

There was a young man in a light coloured coat running with two hats in his hand; I followed him, and called, stop thief; he jumped into a lighter and went over that, and where he went I do not know, and they came and took me.

Guilty . T .

Francis Parker.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-5
VerdictNot Guilty

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159. (L.) Francis Parker was indicted for stealing a pewter quart pot, value 12 d. the property of Richard Bliss , Jan. 26 . ++

Richard Bliss . I keep a public-house in White's-alley, Little Moorfields ; I have lost a great number of pots; the constable had this pot in his possession, (produced in court;) seeing my name on it, he sent for me (he lives in Holbourn, he is not here,) I know it to be my property.

William Chamberlain . About two o'clock on the 26th of January, going into King's-head-court out of Fetter-lane, the prisoner at the bar with two others hustled me, and stole my handkerchief; I had my child in my hand; I went to lay hold of the prisoner, he ran away and threw this pot from him; I called, stop thief, and in a few moments I got hold of him myself; he never was out of my sight.

Q. to prosecutor. Did the prisoner use your house?

Prosecutor. I never saw him in my house to my knowledge.

Prisoner's defence.

Going along Little Moorfields I found this pot lying under a wall in the dirt; I took it up and washed it; I could neither write nor read, so I took it to a person that told me who it belonged to, and I was going to carry it home.

Acq .

George Sturt.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-6

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160. (L.) George Sturt was indicted for stealing sixty yards of woollen cloth, value 3 l. the property of Thomas Chapman , Feb. 24 . ++

Thomas Chapman . I live in Prince's street, Aldermanbury , I am a warehouse-man ; we having at sundry times missed goods on mornings between seven and nine, my wife got into a little counting-house in order to watch last Wednesday morning; she called out thief; I was up stairs, I came down; she had shut the prisoner into the warehouse; there were some neighbours upon hearing her came; we took him out and secured him.

Mrs. Chapman. I took an opportunity to sit in the little counting-house on the inside the passage, about nine last Wednesday morning last; I saw the prisoner come cross the street; he opened the door and came in, and went into the warehouse, and went to the farther side, and took two pieces of cloth up from a pile of goods; I clapped the door to, and called thief; when help came and we opened the door, we found the two pieces on the table, he had laid them there; (produced in court.)

Prosecutor. We call it quilted everlasting.

Prisoner's defence.

I knocked at the outward door, nobody came; I went in, and the warehouse door stood half open, I knocked there, nobody came, so I went in; in order to see an acquaintance, and they shut me in.

Guilty . T .

William Simonds.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-7
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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161. (M.) William Simonds was indicted for stealing six bushels of green peas in the shells, value 12 s. six pecks of French beans in the shells, value 8 s. and three hempen sacks , the property of Henry Hutchins , July 18 .

To which he pleaded guilty . T .

Patrick Cosgrove.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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162. (M.) Patrick Cosgrove was indicted for receiving 390 pounds weight of tobacco, value 18 l. well knowing it to have been stolen by John Haines and Joseph Braine , the property of Ralph Clay , Feb. 4, 1766 . +

A copy of the trial and conviction of Haines and Braine was read in court. (See their trial No 262, 263, in April sessions 1766.)

Ralph Clay . Between the 3d and 4th of February in the night, in the year 1766, I lost the tobacco mentioned in the indictment; Haines, Braine, and Smither were taken up for another fact; the two former were tried for stealing the tobacco, and convicted, Smither was admitted evidence; the prisoner did keep a tobocconist's shop; I had a suspicion of him; I know no more against him than what Smither told me.

John Smither . Betwixt the 3d and 4th of January 1766, Haines, Braine, and I, went to the Hamburgh Arms on Tower-hill, and from thence into Mr. Clay's yard backwards, and took out some tobacco, and carried it to the prisoner's house in a sack at divers times; he paid me 7 l. odd money for it; we shared the money in his house; after which I gave the prisoner a shilling to drink my health; this was all done within about two hours.

Q. What did he give you a pound for it?

Smither. He gave but 6 d. a pound.

Prosecutor. The duty is six-pence halfpenny a pound.

Q. Did the prisoner know how you came by it?

Smither. He knew us all very well; Haines, Braine, and I, were all camen; he knew we stole it, and was up on purpose to receive it, at about twelve o'clock at night.

Prisoner's defence.

Smither will swear any thing, he is one of the Saltpetre-bank evidences; I never saw him in my life before to my knowledge; I had two servants, were they here they could clear up my innocency, but by some means or other they are got out of the way; they promised faithfully to come, but they are not.

He called Arthur Dean , a hosier and worsted maker in Shoreditch; Thomas Lewin a tallow-chandler in Wheeler street, Spitalfields; William Pierce a brewer in Southwark; Robert Richardson , a dyer in Prescot-street, Goodman's-fields; Hugh Pitchcroft , a publican; John Morlimar , a shop-keeper; and Thomas Billingly , a broker, who gave him a good character.

Acq .

Benjamin Payne.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-9
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty > with recommendation
SentencesDeath; Death

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163. (M.) Benjamin Payne was indicted for putting Moses Solomon in corporal fear and danger of his life on the king's highway, and taking from him a silver watch, value 40 s. his property , Jan. 13 . +

Moses Solomon . On Wednesday the 13th of January, I met the prisoner on the road before I came to Highgate , about three in the afternoon; I asked him if he wanted to buy a watch; he said, let me look at it; I shewed it him, it was a silver one; I asked him 55 s. for it; he said he had no money about him, but if I would go back with him to Islington, he would give me the money; I went back with him; in going he looked backwards and forwards, and seeing nobody passing, he took me by my collar and drew out a pistol from his bosom, and pushed it against my breast, and asked me to deliver all I had got; he took the watch from me; I told him I had nothing else; he kept holding his pistol to me when I went away, and said if I followed him, he would blow my brains out.

Q. Did you know him before?

Solomon. No, I had never seen him before to my knowledge, but I know him well; I walked two miles with him; he was taken about ten or eleven days after, and I picked him out from among the rest of the prisoners.

Q. Did you ever find your watch again?

Solomon. I saw that again at Justice Fielding's.

James Turner . I am a constable, and live in Clerkenwell; this watch (producing one) was taken from the prisoner, when before Justice Palmer, on the 26th of January.

Solomon. This is the watch which the prisoner took from me.

Turner. I advertised the watch twice, the prosecutor came and owned it; here is also a pistol, a powder-horn with gunpowder in it, a bag with several slugs in it, which were taken from the prisoner there (produced in court.)

Q. to Solomon. Did the prisoner demand your money?

Solomon. He asked me if I had any silver buckles or spoons; I told him I had not; I had other watches in my bags, I trade in nothing but watches, but I told him I had nothing but that watch about me.

Prisoner's defence.

I can bring witness to prove I bought that watch.

For the prisoner.

Daniel Wentworth . The prisoner lodged in my house about ten weeks; he behaved extremely well, and kept very good hours; he is a carpenter by trade.

Q. Did you ever see him with a pistol?

Wentworth. No, I never did.

Q. How old is he?

Wentworth. He is about twenty years of age.

James Bates . I am a stationer, and live in Birchin-lane; the prisoner came to me the 21st of October, 1765, and lived with me about seven months; during that time he behaved in all respects as an honest young fellow.

Robert Chapman . I am a carpenter; the prisoner came to work for me last April, he behaved as well as any man I desire to employ as long as I live; he went from me to work at Stamford-hill.

Q. Do you know how he has got his living since last Christmas?

Chapman. No, I do not.

John Crouch . I am a carpenter, I have known him about fourteen months, he and I worked together; he behaved honestly and industrious, but he has been best part of six months ill of an ague and fever, and has been greatly distressed.

Peter Edwards and Walter Davis , carpenters, Edward Higgs , John Beal , George Robinson , Thomas York , John Munday , and John Phillips , all gave him the character of an honest sober man.

Guilty . Death .

(M.) He was a second time indicted for robbing Hugh James on the king's highway of half a guinea and 4 s. in money numbered, the property of the said Hugh , Jan. 24 . +

Hugh James . I am a grocer , and live near St. Dunstan's church, Fleet-street; I was in my chariot, my wife and a young lady were with me; we were in the back road in Islington parish , on the 24th of January, between ten and eleven in the morning; the prisoner came up rather modestly in his situation, and stopped the chariot without any imprecations; I believe he saw none but women, I sitting on the opposite side; he said money he wanted, and money he must have, and presented his pistol; I told him, if he would put down his pistol, and not alarm the women, he should have some; he put it down out of my sight; my wife said, put it down, and I will give you more; I gave him 3 or 4 s. and after that half a guinea and a shilling; my wife gave him some, but he did not ask her for any; I had more money in my pocket, but he did not ask me for any more; he went away; I let down my fore-glass, and asked my coachman which way he went; he said towards Islington; I got out, and bid the coachman take care of the chariot; I ran after him, there were some people in sight, I called stop thief; he out-ran me much; he was pursued and stopt by Dobney's house; I took and carried him before Justice Palmer at Islington.

Q. Was he ever out of your sight?

James. He was for about eight or ten minutes, but I am very sure he is the man that stopped the chariot, and robbed me; there was half a guinea, a 5 s. 3 d. and 4 s. 6 d. in silver found upon him, and a pistol, a powder-horn with powder, a parcel of slugs in a small bag, and a silver watch.

David Bucar . I am coachman to Mr. James; we were going from London on the 24th of January to my master's house, and were stopped about a quarter after ten by the prisoner in Islington back road; he presented a pistol first to me, and said, stop, which I did; then he went to the chariot, and presented his pistol, but I cannot be sure what he said; I saw my master deliver him some money; after he was gone, my master stept out of the chariot and ran after him; I went on to our country-house with the chariot; I looked at the prisoner when he was at the chariot, and know him to be the man.

James Turner . I was present when the prisoner was before Justice Palmer for robbing Mr. James; there was half a guinea, a 5 s. 3 d. piece, and 4 s. 6 d. in silver taken from him; also a pistol, a powder-horn, some slugs, and a silver watch.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty. Death . Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor .

John Dixon.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-10

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164. (L.) John Dixon was indicted for stealing five pounds weight of pimento, value 3 s. the property of Peter Paumier , Jan. 29 . ||

John Wyld . On the 28th of January, about half an hour after five in the afternoon, we found one bag of pimento cut, there were fifty or sixty in all: there were some taken out and put into a small bag, it belonged to Mr. Peter Paumier ; my partner had got the prisoner in charge, we could not make him walk; we tied his hands and legs, he kicked us; we were forced to carry him from the key to London-bridge to put him a cart, before we could get him to the Compter.

John Gibson . Mr. Wyld and I had the pimento in charge, it is what is called pepper; about half an hour past five o'clock the prisoner was standing by the bags, I asked him what he was doing there; he said, nothing; I found one of the bags cut, and a good parcel of the pepper lying on the ground; there was also a bag with about five pounds and a half in it lying by the prisoner; that bag did not belong to Mr. Paumier; I had seen the bags not above six minutes before, they were all right then, and none cut.

Prisoner's defence.

I came from Bristol but about two days before, and was going to Billingsgate to get my passage on board a man of war, walking along they laid hold of me; I know nothing what they say, I did not meddle with any thing.

Guilty . T .

Henry Cook.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-11

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165. (L.) Henry Cook was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of John Webb , Esq ; Feb. 14 . ++

John Webb , Esq; I was coming from 'Change on Monday se'nnight; Mr. Gibson stopped me, and asked me if I had lost my handkerchief; I felt and missed it; he having the prisoner in his hand, I turned round, and saw my handkerchief close by me on the ground, I took it up.

Gibson. I saw the prisoner take a handkerchief out of Mr. Webb's pocket, and put it under his coat; I laid hold of him, then he dropped it on the ground.

Prisoner's defence.

There were two boys behind me; the gentleman laid hold of me, and said to the prosecutor, Sir, have you lost your handkerchief; I took it

up, in order to give it him; I carry a hod for a plaisterer in King-street, Bloomsbury.

Guilty . T .

Richard Thorp.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-12

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166. (L.) Richard Thorp was indicted for stealing a woollen cloth coat, value 10 s. the property of John Kelly , Jan. 27 ++

John Kelly . I keep a public-house in Salisbury-court, Fleet-street ; on the 27th of January, about eight in the morning, the prisoner was brought into my house by the next witness, with my great coat upon his arm (produced and deposed to) which before had been hanging in my parlour.

Urban Doterman . About five minutes before eight o'clock on the 27th of January, I saw the prisoner and another young man standing by Mr. Kelly's window; the sash was thrown up, the prisoner went in at the window without a great coat, and came out with one; I ran and stopped him with this coat on his left shoulder, and took him into Mr. Kelly's house.

Prisoner's defence.

I was going by with a young lad, he chucked my hat in at the window; I went in to get it, and that man laid hold of me, thinking I was going to rob the house; I never saw the great coat.

Guilty . T .

James Callagan.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-13

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167. (L.) James Callagan was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of John Norton , Feb. 8 . ++

John Norton . I was in Thames-street on the 8th of February, about one at noon, within a few doors of Botolph-lane; Mr. Haywood came and asked me if I had lost any thing out of my pocket; I felt and found I had lost my handkerchief; the prisoner was ran over the way, Mr. Haywood ran and brought him to me, and I took my handkerchief out of the prisoner's pocket.

Haywood. I saw the prisoner and another boy following the prosecutor; the prisoner put his hand into his pocket, and take out his handkerchief; I went to the gentleman, and asked him if he had lost any thing; he felt, and said he had lost his handkerchief; then I ran after them, and took hold of the tallest of them, and secured him; then I ran and took the other, which was the prisoner, and the prosecutor took his handkerchief out of his pocket.

Prisoner's defence.

I picked up the handkerchief in Thames-street, going down a gate-way; I am but twelve years old, I work in the packthread-ground, Whitechapel .

Guilty . T .

Henry White.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-14
VerdictNot Guilty

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168. (L.) Henry White was indicted for stealing six ox hides, value 6 l. and four cow hides, value 3 l. 10 s. the property of Martin Kyke Van Mieup , and Thomas Willet , in a certain lighter on the river Thames , Jan. 30 . ++

Robert Hunt . I keep a public-house in Goat-yard, Horsleydown; about three weeks ago, when I got up, there was the prisoner and ten hides in my skittle-ground; he said they were his hides, that they were Irish hides.

Q. What is he?

Hunt. He is a journeyman lighterman ; he went away, and after that there came a wharfinger, and asked me if I had any hides in my house, saying, he had lost three; I said there are ten here; he went and looked at them, and owned them all; they were all marked with the letters B, C, and D, some one letter some the other.

Ralph Dean . I happened to be at Mr. Hunt's that morning, I saw two porters bring those hides through the house into the skittle-ground; when Mr. Hunt got up there came the prisoner, who said the hides were his property.

Mr. Liscoe. I am a wharfinger at Hays's wharf, in Shad Thames; we had delivered a lighter, and missed ten hides, I do not particularly remember the day, it was about a fortnight or three weeks ago; they were marked A, B, and C on the left horn, that is according to the quality of the hides.

Q. On which side the water is Hays's wharf?

Liscoe. That and Horsleydown are both in Southwark; I do not know where the vessel lay when the hides were taken.

Q. How long had the hides been in the lighter?

Liscoe. I think they had been in her a day and a night.

Q. Where did they come from?

Liscoe. They came from Cork in Ireland; the vessel that brought them lay in the stream in the middle of the river.

Q. Were the hides ever on the Middlesex side the water?

Liscoe. When the hides were put into the lighter, the lighter was carried over to this side the water, being Sunday; I can swear to the hides by the marks, all by the same branding-irons; they were all raw hides, salted and tied up.

Edward Thorn . I am a lighterman, it was my lighter that they were in; they were delivered the last day of the last month, the ship lay in Hanover-hole; the lighter was brought to Porter's key near the Custom-house that night, and she lay there all the Sunday, and brought to Hays's wharf

on Monday the 1st of February, and she was delivered the day following; and about twelve, or a little after, the wharfinger came to me to know if I knew of any lighter being robbed, saying, there were some hides at the Goat in Goat-yard.

Q. Do you know when the lighter was robbed?

Thorn. I imagine it might be between four and five in the morning before she was brought from Porter's key, but we have no proof of that.

Q. Have you any body here to prove the hides were delivered from the ship to the lighter?

Thorn. No, we have not.

Martin Kyke Van Mieup . I saw one of these hides when before my Lord-Mayor; they were the joint property of Mr. Thomas Willet and me.

Prisoner's defence.

I had lost my skift that Sunday morning; I was on the keys about half an hour after one, I saw two men row by in one, I imagined it to be mine; I asked where they were going with her; they said, what was that to me; they crossed over to the other side the water, I took a boat and pursued after them; I kept in sight of them, but there being two of them, I was afraid to board her; I waited some time; after that I heard a lumbering, and I saw but one man in her; I called watch, then the other man ran out of her; by and by there came two men by, I asked them if they would have a job; they said, to do what; I said, to carry a parcel of hides up to a friend's house; there were six of them lay in an alley, and four in the skift; I agreed to give the porters six-pence each to carry them; they said it was a hard job, and hoped I would give them something to drink; they took and carried them to the Goat, I knocked at the door; they were carried into the skittle-ground; my master is here to prove I was out the same night on his duty.

For the prisoner.

John Shaw . I am a lighterman, the prisoner was my servant; the prisoner was taken into custody on the 1st of February, and I lost my skift on the Friday following.

Q. What is his general character?

Shaw. I can say nothing against him, nor for him.

George Jones . I was by the water-side between five and six on that morning, it was about break of day; the prisoner asked me to carry some hides for him; there was another man employed besides me, but I do not know nothing of him.

Q. Did he say how he came by them?

Jones. No; to the best of my knowledge he did not want to do any thing clandestinely.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Jones. I did, I never heard any body speak in any disrespect of him; he is a hard working man; I took some of them, and carried and flung them down facing a public-house in the street.

Q. How happened you to be on the spot that morning?

Jones. I was going to look after my daily labour.

Q. Where do you live?

Jones. I live in Seething-lane, by Tower-hill.

Q. Where was you going to work?

Jones. Any where where I could.

Q. Where did you first see the skins?

Jones. In an alley.

Q. Very likely you can tell how they came into that alley?

Jones. I know nothing how they came there.

Q. Did you not ask him how they came there?

Jones. I asked him no questions at all.

John Ellis . I am a waterman, I have known the prisoner twelve years and upwards; he is an industrious hard working man, and has always behaved with honesty in all his employments.

James Bowden . I am a victualler, I have known him six years, I never heard any thing amiss of him.

There not being any evidence of their being in the possession of the prisoner in the county of Middlesex, he was Acquitted .

Mary Knight.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-15
VerdictNot Guilty

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169. (L.) Mary Knight was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 20 l. a cornelian seal set in gold, value 4 s. two guineas, and a piece of foreign gold, value 3 l. 7 s. 6 d. the property of David Mitchell , privately from his person , Jan. 23 . ||

David Mitchell . I am a merchant , and live in Crutched-friars; on the 23d of January, between twelve and one in the morning, I was going home, after having spent the evening, where I had drank very freely, I was accosted by the prisoner at the bar, and in her company was another woman, whom I did not take notice of; she was in Corn-hill, near the corner of Gracechurch-street; she took hold of my arm, and wanted to go along with me; I turned down Gracechurch-street, but could not disengage myself from the prisoner; she still persisted to go along with me, till we came to the corner of Fenchurch-street; she had address enough to continue by me till I came into Fenchurch-street; sometimes she had hold of my arm, and sometimes I disengaged myself, so as to make her quit her hold; she continued importuning me to go with her some where or other,

saying, she wanted to speak with me; she prevailed upon me to stop at a court in Fenchurch-street; we went a little way into the court, out of mere curiosity, to see what the woman could mean; she began to be very amorous, and got one arm round me, and began to be very loving: in the mean time, with her other hand, I found her fumbling about my breeches; she had art enough to address me for about ten minutes; I disengaged myself from her, and found she had taken my watch, a gold one, and all I had out of my right-hand pocket; there was a pocket-piece, value about two moidores and a half, and about three guineas; it was done like slight of hand; she did all she could to get me to be concerned with her, which I absolutely refused; I looked about upon the ground, and kept hold of her; at the same time I saw the other woman just behind her; I could find nothing; I carried the prisoner to the watch-house, and kept her in custody till the next morning, then I carried her before my Lord Mayor; he knowing her to be an old offender, desired me to prosecute her; she was very willing to be searched; the other woman went directly away when I missed my watch and money, I am sure the prisoner must give them to her; I believe that other woman never touched me; I do really think it was impossible for the other woman to pick my pocket.

Q. Are you sure you had your watch and money when you met with the prisoner?

Mitchell. I had at that time felt them in my pocket; I did not perceive her hand within side my breeches.

Q. Was you in liquor?

Mitchell. I was not very much in liquor; I cannot say but this affair brought me more to myself than before.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Mitchell. I never saw her before that night to my knowledge.

Q. Have you found your watch again?

Mitchell. No, I have not.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not make that other woman a present of a couple of shillings, she being first with you?

Mitchell. No, I did not, she was not first with me.

Prisoner's defence.

I was along with a woman; he wanted me to go along with him; I said, excuse me, I am going home; he said he would make me a present of 5 s. 3 d. he put his hand in his pocket, and wanted to make me a present of 3 d. to buy half a quartern of brandy; I said I could put my hand in my pocket and find 3 d. at any time, I would not take it; I was going away; he said, my dear, stop, and let me talk to you; he wanted me to go and drink a glass of wine with him; he said he had no money about him, but he would make me a present of a 5 s. 3 d. I said, if you want to see me another night, you may; the watchman came past, and said, what are you doing; the gentleman said, I am only talking to this lady; the other woman stood by all the while; he said he would treat the watchman with something; we stood talking a quarter of an hour; the watchman came again, and said, you are a long while talking, and desired we would go along about our business; I said, we were about no harm; he said, if you do not go along I will make you; then I set out, and stopped at the corner, and the gentleman came to me, and said he had lost seven guineas; then he said he had lost three or four guineas; he took me to the watch-house, and they stripped me to my smock, and found nothing upon me.

Q to prosecutor. What say you to this?

Prosecutor. This is all real invention, there is not a tittle of it true; she told the magistrate a different story; I neither offered her a 5 s. 3 d. not 3 d. I did not mean to stay with either of them, it was really a piece of simple curiosity in me.

To her character.

Mary Chapman . The prisoner served her time with me; I know her to be a very honest person.

Q. How long did she serve you?

M. Chapman. She served me five years, and worked for me since.

Q. Where do you live?

M. Chapman. I live in Bishopsgate-street; I never heard any thing dishonest of her in my life-time.

Joseph Magleshan . In live in Holywell-lane, Shoreditch.

Q. What are you?

Magleshan. I am an apothecary and surgeon; the prisoner used to come and bring home work from Mrs. Chapman to my wife.

Q. What is Mrs. Chapman?

Magleshan. She is a mantua-maker; my wife used to leave the prisoner in her room, where were many things of value; we never lost any thing.

For the prosecution.

William Pain . I was a constable for the city about two years since; the prisoner is a common

street-walker, and well known in all the prisons in the city.

Acquitted .

See her tried before for a fact of the same nature, by the name of Mary Cluse, No 98, in the last mayoralty.

Samuel Massey, George Blessett.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-16
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

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170, 171. (M.) Samuel Massey and George Blessett were indicted for assaulting James Chapman , with an offensive weapon called a pistol, with a felonious intent to take the money of the said James, against his will, &c . Feb. 10 . *

James Chapman . I live in Little Wyld-street, Lincoln's-inn-fields . On the 10th of this instant at night my wife was in bed, there was a knock at my door; I went with a candle in my hand, in a candlestick; I opened it; the two prisoners rushed in; Blessett came foremost into my parlour, the other was following him; Blessett clapped a pistol to my breast, and said, deliver, or you are a dead man; I had a scuffle with him, and my candle went out; I called for assistance, and William Brown , who lately came from the East-Indies, happened not to be in bed, he came down; I had wrenched the pistol from Blessett's hand, and had him by the collar; Massey came in with this large stick in his hand (produced in court;) he cried to the other, down with him, down with him; we secured them and got other assistance, and sent them to Covent-garden Round-house; I believe Blessett had been in my shop that day three times.

Q. Was any thing taken from you?

Chapman. No.

William Brown . I lodge in the prosecutor's house. About a quarter before eleven that night I was not gone to bed, I heard a knock at the door; I heard Mr. Chapman go to the door, and ask who was there; soon after the door was open I heard a noise, and went down; the first person I catched hold of was Massey; I held him by the collar; he attempted to get away, he could not; then he cried for mercy; I got my back towards the door, and we secured them, the candle was then out; (the pistol produced in court;) it was loaded.

David James . I lodge at Mr. Chapman's; I and David Lewis were gone to bed; Mr. Brown came home about a quarter after ten; he was sitting on his bed-side; presently I heard Mr. Chapman call, thieves, thieves; Mr. Brown ran down, and I followed in my shirt; he clapped his back against the door that they could not get out; I saw a pistol in one of their hands.

David Lewis . I ran down also; I saw the prisoners first in the passage; David James had secured one, and Mr. Brown the other; I brought a candle down in my hand; I saw the pistol taken from one of the prisoners.

Blessett's defence.

Mr. Chapman swears I put the pistol to his breast, I had not the pistol in my hand; when we went into his house, we had no intention to rob or hurt him.

For the prisoners.

Bartholomew Haseldine . I have known Blessett some years; I looked upon him to be a very good apprentice; his master desired I would go with the lad to Sir John Fielding ; when examined there the prosecutor said, he did not understand what was said; he said there was something muttered, but he did not know what, when they came into his house.

Prosecutor. I said to Sir John, Blessett put a pistol to my breast, and said, deliver, or you are a dead man; this evidence came to my house that morning, and brought two or three more with him, and said, I ought not to prosecute them, they were young youths.

Charles Harris . I have known Massey sixteen or seventeen years; I live within two or three doors of him; I always looked upon him to have a very good character.

George Patley . I have known Massey two or three years, he has the character of a very honest lad.

William Pestel . I have known Blessett above half a year, and Massey two years; I have heard good characters of each; I would trust Massey with any thing in my power.

Massey Acquitted .

Blessett Guilty . T .

James Buller, William Cox.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-17
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty

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172, 173. (L.) James Buller and William Cox was indicted for stealing a pair of stone knee-buckles set in silver, value 5 s. and one brass half pound weight , the property of Joseph Walsingham , Jan. 15 . ||

Joseph Walsingham . I am a coach-maker , and live in White's-alley, Little Moorfields; my wife keeps a chandler's shop . On the 15th of January I was out; when I came home, my wife told me she had been robbed of the things mentioned, and described the boys at the bar. Buller was taken that night for another offence, the other was taken the next morning; I went to Buller and asked him about the things; he owned he took them, and that they had sold one buckle for a penny, and that Cox had the other in his hat; he denied the brass weight then.

Q. How old do you take Buller to be?

Walsingham. He told me he was fourteen years of age. We took him to Clerkenwell; he gave us an account where Cox lived; we called upon Cox's mother in Bunhill-row, and found him in a cock-lost; his mother told me he was but 11 years old; he owned to being with Buller in taking the buckles, but would not own to the weight; we found at last where that was sold, and the person that bought it is in court.

Margaret his wife deposed the two prisoners came to her shop for some beer; she imagined while she went to draw it, one of them had been in the parlour and took the things, she finding the print of a dirty shoe on the floor; she described the boys to her husband as he had mentioned.

James Hederly a brass-founder, deposed, that Buller brought the weight to him, and told him his mother used to sell potatoes, but had left that business off, and having no occasion for the weight, sent him to sell it; that he gave him three-pence for it. (Produced in court.)

Isaac Gallier a lad of fourteen years of age, deposed he bought a knee-buckle of Cox for a penny, and sold it again for 6 d. and did not know it was silver.

Prosecutor. I found the person that gave 6 d. for it, and the buckle is here; (produced and deposed to.)

Buller's defence.

My father has been passed to his settlement in Lancashire; I live with my mother, she is a mantua-maker.

Cox's defence.

I was but eleven years old the 14th of this month.

Buller Guilty 10 d. . T

Cox Acq .

William Robinson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-18

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174. (M.) William Robinson was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Mulliner , Feb. 2 . ++

Thomas Mulliner . On the 2d of this instant I was walking down Holbourn opposite Staple's-inn , I thought I felt my handkerchief drawing out of my pocket; I turned round and saw the prisoner, and said, you rascal, you have got my handkerchief; he ran away, and when he was got about four or five yards from me, he dropped my handkerchief; I took it up, and called, stop thief; he was taken in Gray's-inn-lane.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw a young man pick the gentleman's pocket; he threw it down, and I picked it up; the lad ran through Staple's-inn; when he said I had picked his pocket, it frighted me so, that I threw it down and ran away.

Guilty . T .

Dennis Caffery.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-19
SentenceCorporal > public whipping

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175. (M.) Dennis Caffery , otherwise Capery , was indicted for stealing a quarter of a ton of Scotch coals, value 4 s. the property of John Grimes and Jane Holmes , widow , Jan. 22 . ++

John Rymer . I am servant to Mess. Grimes and Holmes, they are partners in the coal trade ; I went down to the water-side at Durham-yard , on the 23d of last month in the morning, between three and four o'clock, I saw the prisoner in his boat with some Scotch coals in her; he shoved her off, I got in another and followed him, and brought him back; he offered me a couple of shillings to let him go; I took him to St. Martin's Round-house; he had about 500 weight of coals in his boat; I first saw him by the side of our craft, in which were Scotch coals, and there was no other craft there had any in them, and there were a great many missing out of our craft.

Prisoner's defence.

I came to market and got a little in liquor; the porter unloaded my boat for me, and after that I lost her, and when I found her there were coals in her; I was throwing them out when the man came to me.

John Grimes . I have heard the prisoner did bear a good character.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Thomas Toole, Paul Matthews, Elizabeth Hart.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-20
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty

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176, 177. (M.) Thomas Toole and Paul Matthews were indicted for stealing a pair of woman's stays, value 10 s. the property of John Coleman , Jan. 1 . ++

John Coleman . I am a pawnbroker , and live in St. John's-street . On the 1st of January, between seven and eight in the evening, Thomas Toole came into my shop, and asked me if I had got a two-feet rule; I told him I had never a one; he had not been gone out above a minute before my window was broke, and a pair of stays taken out; I enquired, and was told by John Child that he saw the prisoner Toole, whom he called Irish Jack, about my door; on the 12th he saw him, and watched him into a public-house, and came and told me; I went and took him before Justice Girdler; he was committed; after which he sent me a letter to come to him; I went; he acknowledged he got a fellow prisoner to write it.

Produced and read to this purport:

Clerkenwell Prison.


"I should be very glad to speak a word or

"two to you, something to your advantage; I

"am taken prisoner on your account; I should be

"very glad to see you as soon as possible.

"Sir, I am your humble servant,

" Thomas Toole ."

When I went, he desired I would admit him an evidence, and he would tell me where my stays were, and help me to them; I told him I could not, but would go to the Justice about it; the Justice desired me to order the prisoner up to him; there he told me he and Matthews, and another not taken, had broke my window, and taken my stays and given them to Elizabeth Hart to pawn, and she pawned them for half a guinea, but where he could not tell; the Justice said, he believed he was a very bad fellow, and would not admit him an evidence; going back he begged of the keeper to take his irons off, and he would take us to the place where Matthews and Hart were; he took us to a house in Black-boy-alley, there we found them both in bed together, and three women in another bed; I found the stays at a pawnbroker's at the corner of Stonecutter-street, pawned in the name of Elizabeth Hart for half a guinea.

Thomas Cotterill . I live with Mr. Patterson a pawnbroker, at the corner of Stonecutter-street; Elizabeth Hart pawned these stays about eight o'clock in the evening on the 1st of January, with me, for half a guinea.

Toole's defence.

I was taken up wrongfully at first; I am a brick-maker , a hard working lad.

Toole Guilty . T .

Matthews Acquitted .

178. (L.) Elizabeth Hart was indicted for receiving the said stays, well knowing them to have been stolen . ++

Acquitted .

Sarah Coomes.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-21
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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179. (M.) Sarah Coomes , widow , was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 4 s. the property of John Edwards , Jan. 14 . ++

John Edwards . I live in East Smithfield . On the 14th of January about eight at night, I missed a hat out of a one pair of stairs room; the prisoner had made an errand up stairs whether we would or no, and was just gone out; I took her up and charged her with taking it; she owned she had taken it out of my hat-box with intent to pawn it, in order to get a shirt of mine out which she had pawned; she receives 10 s. a month of Whitechapel parish; she told me she would make me amends when she received her money.

Benjamin Martin . I heard the prisoner own she had taken the hat out of the prosecutor's house.

Prisoner's defence.

The prosecutor and the woman he lives with sell out; they sent for me to make peace; they took and put me in the watch-house, I know not for what.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Thomas Hill.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-22
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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180. (M.) Thomas Hill was indicted for stealing four hempen aprons, value 1 s. one pair of man's shoes, value 6 s. two quarter guineas, and one shilling and four-pence halfpenny, the property of John French ; one silk handkerchief, value 18 d. and one pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. the property of William Richardson , January 30 . +

John French . I am servant to Mr. Cox a brewer. I lost four sacking aprons, a pair of new shoes, and 13 s. in money, three weeks ago last Friday night. The next morning I found the prisoner within an hundred yards from where I lodge, with the four aprons tied about his body, and my shoes on his feet; he had lodged six or seven nights in the room where I do; there is my name wrote by the maker in the inside the shoes, (the aprons and shoes produced and deposed to;) there were two 5 s. 3 d. pieces, and a 6 d. and some halfpence found upon him, a pair of stockings and a silk handkerchief, which William Richardson 's wife has owned, she is not here.

Prisoner's defence.

I was got a little in liquor; I went up stairs and pulled off my wet things; the next morning I went into a shop and had some bread and cheese, and found I had put these things on by mistake.

He called Elizabeth Williams , John Tompkinson , and Anne Hill , his brother's wife, who gave him the character of an honest man, and when in liquor was apt to be disordered in his mind.

Guilty 10 d. T .

William Christy.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-23
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty > no evidence

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181. (M.) William Christy , a letter-carrier , was indicted for that he, on the 29th of August , did receive a letter of Jeremiah Mascall , directed to Thomas Dean , merchant at Bristol, and did receive 4 d. of him for the postage thereof, and that he did embezzle and apply the said money to his own use . +

Samuel Potts . I am the comptroller of the Post-office; the prisoner was appointed a letter-carrier in the year 1765.

Q. How are the letter-carriers appointed?

Potts. No other way than being entered in a book as a letter-carrier, and entering into security.

Daniel Brathwaite . (He produced the book the supernumerary letter-carriers names are in;) here is William Christy , supernumerary letter-carrier, Sept. 25, 1765; he was broke the 23d of January last.

Jeremiah Mascall . The prisoner used to bring letters to my house, and receive letters from me; in August last I had occasion to send a letter to Bristol with a bill of exchange in it for 100 l. I

went and met the prisoner at Cockhill, and told him I had a letter to go to Bristol, and desired he would take care of it; he told me he would; I delivered a groat for the postage, and a penny for himself, for carrying it to the office; I waited a month, and had no answer to the letter; when the prisoner was taken up, my letter was found, and the bill in it; I do not find there had been any attempt to negotiate the bill (produced in court.)

William Halliburton , (He takes the letter in his hand;) I was at Sir John Fielding 's when the prisoner was brought there; I was ordered to search him, I found this letter in his pocket, and many others with it; I cannot ascertain the exact time, I know it was before the last sessions; I put my mark upon every one of them, and then delivered them in at the Post-office; what I found in his lodgings, and all, were 380 odd.

Council for the prosecution. There were a number of letters, to the amount of above 300, which he had had from the Post-office to deliver out, and had not delivered them; they were unopened, and he had paid the money for them.

Q. to Potts. Whether fourpence for a double letter was sufficient?

Potts. We should have taken it in, but have wrote upon it more to pay, and forwarded it, and the rest to be received where delivered.

John Green. I am window-man at the General Post-office to receive letters; we mark them first with the office mark with red ink, so much paid; this letter (holding it in his hand) having no post mark wrote in red ink was never brought to me, we always mark them before we take the money.

Edward Barns . I am assistant to Mr. Green; I have looked at this letter; I don't believe it ever was accounted for; I don't believe it ever was brought to the office, not having the usual mark put upon it.

Joseph Flower . I am a letter-carrier to the Post-office; I walk Stepney and Ratcliffe. Mr. Mascall lives in that district; I was sick at that time the letter was sent by him, and the prisoner went that walk for me; I looked at my doctor's bill, the first time he administered any thing to me, was on the 22d of August last; it was four weeks after that, before I went that walk again, and the prisoner went that walk all that time for me.

Prisoner's defence.

There were a great many letters in my custody, I cannot gave a right account of them how I came by them; I was not very well for two or three days; there were some at one time and some at another; when they inspect the letters at the office, and see they are double letters, and but a groat received, they will not take them of the letter-carriers except we pay the full money.

To his character.

Richard Marshall . I keep a public-house in Middle-row, Holbourn; the prisoner has lodged with the betwixt two and three years; he had a very good character for whatever I heard, till this happened.

John Jenkins . I am servant to Lady Anne Connolly ; the prisoner served my lady upwards of seven years, during that time he was a very honest faithful servant; she recommended him to her son Mr. Connolly, who was just come from his travels, till the prisoner hurt his leg, then they got him put into the Post-office by my Lord Besborough; he has been backwards and forwards at my lady's for eighteen years, except the time he was in the office.

Potts. The prisoner must have paid about 7 or 8 l. out of his own pocket, for letters found at his lodgings and in his pockets, which he had not delivered.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted for taking a bill of exchange out of a letter, for the payment of 40 l.

No evidence was given upon this indictment.

Acquitted .

Thomas Collop, Elizabeth Gordon.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-24
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

Related Material

182, 183. (M.) Thomas Collop and Elizabeth, wife of John Gordon , were indicted, the first for stealing fifty yards of cotton, value 50 s. the property of Joseph Calwin and Robert Foster ; and the other for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , Jan. 20 . ||

Joseph Hulme . I did live with Mr. John Stapler , a linen-draper in Watling-street; I delivered 36 pieces of cotton to a printer's man on the 20th of January, to be carried to be printed; each piece contains about twenty-eight yards; the man with the cart is named Robert Bulpink , he is a Quaker, and will not be sworn.

George Spencer . I am town-clerk to Mess. Calwin and Foster, callico-printers ; I was going collecting the duty for the excise, and sent the cart to take up these goods in Watling-street; my son went with Bulpink; they told me there were 36 pieces of cotton; we did not count them till Mr. Brebrook came and brought a piece, then we missed two.

John M'Namara. I am going into my fourteenth year of age; I have been acquainted with the boy at the bar two or three months; I used to go about

the streets with a jack-ass selling greens and things, and sometimes help my father, he is a cooper at Mr. Clempson's brewhouse; one Saturday the prisoner, I, and William Clark , Clark is not taken, he jumped up into a cart (which had three horses to it in Whitechapel) and handed out two pieces of cotton to me, and I handed one to Collop; we went to Saltpetre-bank with them to the prisoner Gordon's house; she cut the marks out of one piece, I think they were figures, they were black; she cut one piece in halves, and pawned one of the pieces for 7 s. and put the other in her box; one piece we gave to a lame man to sell, he was to sell it for a guinea; he carried it to Mr. Brebrook, who came and took me; we told Gordon we got it in Whitechapel; if I had not been taken, I and the prisoner Collop should have laid at Gordon's house that night; (the cotton produced in court.)

Hulme. I believe these to be the same cottons.

Q. Whose property do you look upon them to be?

Hulme. After we deliver them, they cease to be our property till they bring them back again; the printer is accountable if they are lost.

Q. How many horses were in the cart?

Hulme. I think it was a broad-wheel cart with three horses.

James Brebrook . On the 23d of January, being Saturday in the evening, one Robert Martin , a lame fellow, (he is very lame, and cannot attend) came to me with this whole piece of cotton, and told me there was M' Namara the prisoner, and another, had gave him this piece to sell; I and two others went, as he directed, to Saltpetre-bank: I took M'Namara, he told me that Collop and Clark were some where on the Bank; he told me they got the cotton out of a cart in Whitechapel; I went on the Monday to Gordon's house, and in searching for the other piece I found this parcel of tea on her dresser (about two pounds of tea produced,) it being directed for Matthew Kent at Bow: then I imagined they got this cloth from some of the callico-printers there; I said to Mrs. Gordon, you had better tell where the other piece is, and get yourself out of trouble; what she said to Jenny Stevens , her maid, I do not know, but she sent her out, and she came back with two short pieces; there wants about thirteen yards still; I took the pieces, her and her maid, the next morning, before Sir John Fielding ; I believe the boy at the bar was taken on London-bridge, on suspicion of picking pockets; he is 15 or 16 years of age; had he been admitted an evidence, he could have made a greater discovery.

Elizabeth Holland . I am servant to Mr. Morrison, a pawnbroker in East Smithfield; on the 23d of January, Mrs. Gordon's servant, named Jane Stevens , brought seven or eight yards of cotton to pawn, I think it was one of these pieces here; I said I did not chuse to take it in till Mrs. Gordon came, herself; she came and said it was her own, and she was going to have it printed; I then took it in: in about ten minutes after Jane Stevens came for it, and said her mistress had a customer that would buy it, and she took it out.

Collop's defence.

I am thirteen years old from the 16th of December, my father is a barber in Fenchurch-street; I am charged wrongfully, I know nothing about it.

Gordon's defence.

One Susannah Etherly told me she had as much cotton as would make her a gown; she said she wanted money, and did not care to have it made up till summer; she desired me to let my servant go and pawn it; I said she might go; she went to the pawnbrokers; they said they would not take it in till I came; I desired Etherly to go; she said it was very honestly come by, one Williams had given it her; she desired I would go; I said I was not afraid, as I know myself to be honest; it was delivered by my maid to Mr. Brebrook.

To her character.

Gilbert Gardener . I live in Rosemary-lane, I have known Gordon above four years.

Q. What is her character?

Gardener. I do not know her character; as to the way of her getting her living I am a stranger to that.

Patrick Farran . I live at Saltpetre-bank, I have known her seven or eight years.

Q. What is her general character?

Farran. I cannot tell what her character is.

Brebrook. I took Gordon in this man's necessary-house.

Sarah Allen . I live in Mill-yard by Goodman's-fields; I have known her between nine and ten years, she has dealt with me, and paid me very honestly.

Elizabeth Watson . I have known her about three years.

Q. What is her general character?

E. Watson. I never knew any thing of her character in my life.

Michael Connor . I live in East-Smithfield, I have known her less than twelve months.

Q. Has she a good character or a bad one?

Connor. I know nothing of her, but that of a very good one.

Collop Guilty . T .

Gordon Guilty . T. 14 .

Peter French.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-25

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184. (M.) Peter French was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 6 d. two cloth coats, value 6 s. and a waistcoat, value 2 s. the property of William Beech ; two woollen rugs, value 6 d. two woollen blankets and a surtout coat , the property of Charles Rooke , Jan. 28 . ||

William Beech . I am servant to Charles Rooke , he is a waterman and lighterman ; on the 26th of January, about nine at night, I lost a surtout coat, a close bodied coat, a scarlet waistcoat, and a silk handkerchief, out of the vessel at Wapping ; the prisoner was taken on the 28th with my silk handkerchief about his neck, at Deptford, some of the rest were found at his lodgings; there he confessed before the Justice at Greenwich, that he was in liquor coming from the Tower, and knowing the vessel he went on board her, and took an opportunity, as no body was on board, to take the things; he confessed to the taking all the things mentioned in the indictment; he had sold my surtout coat, and pawned the close bodied one; my master's things as well as mine were found by the direction of the prisoner; I have known him seven years, but never to be guilty of such a thing before.

Charles Rooke . The vessel lay near my back door in the county of Middlesex; I have known the prisoner seven or eight years, he always behaved well for whatever I know.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

Philip Johnson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-26
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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185. (M.) Philip Johnson was indicted for stealing three hempen sacks, value 2 s. and ten bushels of oats, value 2 s. the property of Nicholas Ayre , Jan. 24 . +

Nicholas Ayre . I am master of a vessel , the prisoner was one of my foremast men , he had been with me but about a week before he did this fact; on the 24th of January the prisoner was taken at Irongate in the evening, with the oats mentioned in the indictment; I did not miss them till the cargo was delivered, there were 150 quarters of them.

Thomas Truss . I am a waterman; a porter came to me at Irongate with the prisoner; the prisoner said he had some sweepings given him, which were on board a ship which lay near Lady Parson's; he desired I would go with him, and fetch them; I went about four in the afternoon on the 24th of January, some of the ship's company put them into my boat; the prisoner received them, there were three sacks of them; they were taken from me and carried to the sign of the City of Bristol, where they are now.

George Webb . I am headborough; on the 24th of January, about seven in the evening, the Custom-house officer had detected this evidence and the prisoner, and stopped the three sacks of oats, they were clean oats; he ordered me to carry them to the City of Bristol alehouse; I challenged the prisoner with taking them out of some lighter; then he told me he had, and that there were two men concerned with him; one he said was the cook, the other he called John; I took him to the watch-house; then I went to Capt. Ayre, and asked for the cook and John; they came on shore, I took them to the watch-house to the prisoner; they both of them owned they were parties concerned; then I took them all before the bench of Justices, they were committed, two to Bridewell, and the other to New Prison; after that the other two were acquitted.

Prosecutor. I was before the Justices, and heard the prisoner own he was concerned in stealing the oats: he is a Portuguese, but he served his time at Yarmouth; the others are gone to the East-Indies.

Guilty 10 d. T .

James Bailey, Charles Brown, John Wiffen.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-27
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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186, 187, 188. (M.) James Bailey , Charles Brown , and John Wiffen , were indicted for stealing twelve yards of canvas, value 6 s. six fathom of cable rope, value 6 s. and four fathom of cordage, called plats , the property of Samuel Brooks and Francis Degan , Feb. 2 . ||

Francis Degan . I am a merchant , in partnership with Mr. Brooks, in a ship called the Liberty, she lies now near Union-stairs, Wapping ; there has been several things taken out of her, particularly half a bolt of canvas, the cable that the ship was made fast to was cut, and six or seven fathom of cable plats taken away, that is what we call cordage; the prisoners were all apprehended on the 2d of February.

John Keith . I am sixteen years of age, I belong to a ship called the Reading, one of the prisoners belong to her, another to a Virginia-man; the other does not belong to the Liberty: I saw Bailey cut the cable, and John Wiffen take three rolls of plat, on the 2d of February the ship; I belong to lay a long side the Liberty; Brown helped them over the ship's bow with the things, they told me they sold them for half a crown; they got the canvas from out of the ship, but I do not know from what part of her that was taken before they cut the cable.

Peter Masiear . On the 2d of February, the ship Liberty was a drift; I ordered some of my men to go on board to make her fast; when they came on shore again, one of my men said the cable was cut; when they were before the Justices they all three confessed they were concerned in taking the things.

John Webb . I am a constable, I took up the three prisoners, I heard them say they wished they had never cut the cable, before they came before the Justices, and when they came there they confessed they had cut it and sold it.

All three Guilty. 10 d. T .

Jane Willson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-28
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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189. (L.) Jane, wife of Thomas Willson , was indicted for stealing a silk gown, a bed gown, a pair of ruffles, a pair of stockings, a laced handkerchief, two pieces of black silk, two bed curtains, and a damask napkin , the property of William Goddard , Jan. 30 . ++

William Goddard . I live in Three Fox-court, Long-lane , and am a silk-dyer ; the prisoner lodged in my house about a year and a half, the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away at different times; I missed some three months ago, and some on the 30th of January last; I charged the prisoner with taking them; she owned to the fact, and promised to fetch them again; I was loth to prosecute, and being poor I let her live in the house after that; but on the 1st of February my wife missed her yellow damask gown, two pieces of black silk, and other of the things; I charged her with taking them, she owned to them all; then I took her before Justice Girdler, there she owned to the taking all the things at different times, and pawning of them.

Sarah his wife confirmed the account he had given.

Samuel West . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Aldersgate-street; the prisoner pledged with me a gown, a pair of sheets, a laced cap, a pair of rustles, a pair of cotton stockings, two curtains, a napkin, a piece of black silk, a handkerchief, and a worked apron, at different times, which Mrs. Goddard has owned.

Prisoner's defence.

I have worked day and night for the prosecutor's wife, and she would hardly give me a bit of bread to keep life and soul together.

Guilty 10 d. T .

William Shepherd, William Johnson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-29
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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190, 191. (L.) William Shepherd and William Johnson were indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of Elias Hardy , Feb. 7 . ++

Elias Hardy . On the 7th of this month, about eight in the evening, I was going along the Poultry for Lombard-street; Mr. Pain came to me, and asked me if I had lost my handkerchief; I felt, and found I had; he told me he had seen two people busy about my pocket; he took me up 'Change-alley after them, and could not find them; then we turned and went up Cheapside, and found the two prisoners opposite Queen-street; he said they were the persons, so I seized one, and he the other; my handkerchief was found on the ground, where we seized them; I saw it taken up (produced in court and deposed to.)

William Pain . I saw the two prisoners before me almost all the way from Temple-bar: the prosecutor was going along Cheapside with a book under his arm; I saw the two prisoners make several attempts at his pocket; when they were just beyond the Mansion-house, I saw Johnson put his hand into the prosecutor's pocket, and cross over into Lombard-street, and into an alley that goes into Cornhill; then I stepped up to the gentleman, and said, I believed he had been robbed; he put his hand into his pocket, and said he had lost his handkerchief; I said I believed the chaps that did it are gone up this alley, we followed them; then we ran up Cheapside beyond Bow Church, then we turned back just beyond King-street, they passed us; I said, these are they; I took hold of one, and he the other; I bid him take care of his hands; I had not spoke half a minute before a young man called out, but I saw the handkerchief fall from Shepherd under a coach wheel, which went over it; it was taken up, and owned by the prosecutor; we took them both to the Compter.

Thomas Newbury . I saw Shepherd chuck the handkerchief under a coach wheel as it was going by, I picked it up and delivered it to Mr. Pain.

Shepherd's defence.

I had never a handkerchief in my hand; I am a watchmaker , and work with my mother.

Johnson's defence.

I had been to see a cousin over the water, the gentleman laid hold of me, I did not know for what; I am a shoe-maker .

Robert Robinson and Mary his wife, and Anne Hill , said they knew no harm of Johnson.

James Day , John Dosset , and Edward Fordam , said the same of the other.

Both Guilty 10 d. T .

Robert Taylor.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-30

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192. (M.) Robert Taylor was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 36 s. the property of Joseph Robinson , Jan. 15 . ||

Joseph Robinson . I live in Leather-lane , and am a taylor . On the 15th of January the prisoner came into the room of the house where I lodge, about two or three in the afternoon; I thought he came to pay me for work I had done for him; he sat down in a chair by my bed-side, where my watch hung; he staid till between five and six; he said he had three halfpence, and desired me to be two-pence for a pot of beer; after that he wanted a dram of gin; then I went to go down, he said I need not, for he would take it at the bar; after that I said, I must go up and lock my door; he said he would; he went up and took my watch, and locked the door and came down.

Q. How do you know he took your watch?

Robinson. Because he owned it; I went directly up stairs after he was gone, and missed it; I went to Justice Girdler and got a warrant; after that I heard he was in New Prison; he was taken before the bench of Justices, there he owned it; he said he had pawned it at the end of Featherstone-buildings for a guinea and a half.

Prisoner. I always owned to it, and told them where it was pawned for a guinea and a half.

Joseph Packer . I am servant to a pawnbroker in Featherstone-buildings; I believe the prisoner is the man that I took this watch in of; (produced, and deposed to;) I lent him a guinea and a half on it.

John Potter . I heard the prisoner own he stole the watch.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him.

John Monk.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-31

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193. (M.) John Monk was indicted for stealing a silver table-spoon, value 9 s. the property of Richard Bradshaw , Esq ; Jan. 30 . ++

Catherine Kinsey . I live at Mr. Bradshaw's. On the 30th of January I was coming down stairs between five and six in the evening, I opened the door, there was the prisoner, he appeared like a brewer's servant ; he asked me when we wanted beer in; I said I could not tell, and desired he would call again: he said he must have the empty cask, for the dray was waiting at the bottom of the street; I desired him to go down and fetch it; I went into the parlour to deliver a message, and met him coming up again without a cask as I came out; I asked where the empty cask was; he muttered, I thought he said there was never a one; in about half an hour after another servant wanted a cloak that hung in the servants hall; she asked me if I knew any thing of it; I went to look, and found it was gone; then my fellow servant searched the drawer, and missed a silver table-spoon; my master wrote to Sir John Fielding , and it was advertised on the Monday, and the pawnbroker brought it to Sir John's.

Daniel Lawler . I missed the spoon about an hour after the prisoner had been there; the pawnbroker produced it at Sir John Fielding 's; it has a crest on it, it is a stag under a thorn-tree.

John Lane. I am a pawnbroker. On the 30th of January about eight at night, the prisoner came by the name of John Williams with this spoon, he asked 8 s. upon it; I stopped it, and when I saw it advertised, I went with it to Sir John Fielding 's; (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

There are more brewers servants besides me, I am not guilty of the fact.

Guilty . T .

John Tappin.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-32

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194. (M.) John Tappin was indicted for that he on the king's highway, on Elizabeth, wife of James Batt did make an assault, putting her in fear and danger of her life, and taking from her person one guinea and four half guineas, the property of the said James , Jan. 30 . ++

Elizabeth Batt . My husband's name is James Batt ; we keep a chandler's shop in the parish of Hayes . On the 30th of January I was in my cart near the high road, our servant man was with me; about a quarter of a mile beyond the eleven mile stone in Uxbridge road, between one and two in the morning, I was coming to London to buy goods; about a quarter of a mile from my own house two men came, one on each side the cart, and both bid us stop; they stopped the cart, one got upon the shafts, and from thence to the fore board, and bid me give him my money that minute; he d - d me, I was frightened; I separated my money, and first gave him two half guineas; that did not satisfy him; he said, that was not all I had, (I do not know that ever I saw him before) I gave him two half guineas and one guinea more; it was very moon light; by all the remarks I could make the prisoner is the man, but I never positively said he was the man; when they were going off, I said, I'll go home for more money and soon have you taken; I came away to London; he had a stick with a very large knob upon it, which he kept towards my head:

Q. Is this the man or not?

E. Batt. I cannot positively say; he was not taken up on my account; I was sent for to go to Sir John Fielding 's; I thought by his clothes he was like the man.

John Bedster . I am servant to the prosecutor. On the 30th of January I was with the cart coming with my mistress to town; in a cart-way in a common field about a quarter of a mile from our house, two men came to us between one and two o'clock in the morning; they stopped us, and one of them jumped up upon the shafts of the cart; he put his hand on the fore board, and said, your money, madam; he had a large white stick in his hand; she gave him two half guineas, he was not satisfied with that; then she gave him two half guineas and a guinea; then they made off; the prisoner is the very man to whom the money was given.

Q. Are you certain, be careful?

Bedster. I am positive of it; I am a servant in the house; I gave the same account before Sir John Fielding as now; I have known him a good while before; I knew him when a little boy; he lived at a place called Roxey, since that he lived at a place called North Holt; he lived there after he married, and about the time of this robbery, that is but about two miles from where he did the robbery; I knew him the very moment he first came up into the cart.

Q. from prisoner. Where did you know me?

Bedster. At North Holt and at Roxey.

Prisoner. I have belonged to the parish 17 or 18 years.

Q. Did you as soon as they were gone from the cart, tell your mistress that you knew the prisoner?

Bedster. Yes, I did; I told her his name was John Tappin .

Q. As you knew where he lived, did you enquire after him, in order to have him taken up?

Bedster. No, as my mistress was not quite sure, we did not.

Q. Did you know of a reward?

Bedster. No, I did not.

Q. to E. Batt. What did Bedster say to after the men had left the cart?

E. Batt. I was so frightened I did not come to myself some time; he says he told me directly who one of the men was, he told me the prisoner was one of the men; he said since, he had told me several times before; going over that place next Saturday, talking of the robbery, he told me it was such a person, but I kept it to myself on account of my business; the man had a very large family, and I had suffered the loss, and I thought that would help to maintain his children; I never should have taken him up, but for Sir John Fielding .

Q. How came Sir John to know where to send to you?

E. Batt. The constable where the prisoner lived hearing of two robberies, went and took the prisoner up, and he brought a paper from Sir John to me to attend.

John Hedges . I live at North Holt. I am a constable; the prisoner lived in the same parish: we had a great suspicion of him, and another, named John Nichols ; last Saturday was fortnight, as I was coming home from London, I heard of Thomas Nopp of Brentford-green being robbed; I went over to him; he said he was so frightened he could not say any thing to them; I asked to see their footing, as Nichols has a very remarkable foot, with large and little nails; I saw in clay such a footing, the prisoner had been at hide and seek about a fortnight for sheep stealing; I went to his house, he was not at home, we found him in another apartment under the same roof, between the chimney and the wall, about seven feet from the floor; we took him on the Monday morning before Sir John Fielding , on account of the other robbery; I knew of this robbery before the servant here had told me of it, last Wednesday was se'nnight; he was charged with this robbery there last Wednesday, but he denied it.

Prisoner's defence.

I never was near the place, I was in bed with my wife and children at the time, I always worked hard for my living.

Guilty . Death .

Robert Merchant.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-33
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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195. (M.) Robert Merchant was indicted for stealing eight iron grabbling palms, the weight 25 pound, value 4 s. the property of Benjamin Law and Anne Saunders , spinster . ++

Benjamin Law . I am an anchor-smith , in partnership with Anne Saunders ; the prisoner is a shipwright , and lives in our neighbourhood; upon missing other things I suspected him; on Shrove Tuesday I had information of some of my things being concealed in an empty house, and that the prisoner lay there on nights; I went there, and found him asleep at one o'clock in the day; I challenged him with robbing me; at first he denied it, but after a little hesitation he told me he had, and would shew me where he had sold them; I took him before the Justice, he owned the same there; I had a warrant to search; in searching I found eight grabbling palms; I took the receiver to Justice Pell, but it being late at night he did not care to examine him; I put him in Lime-house watch-house all night; I took him the next day before the Justice, and he bound him over with me to prosecute the prisoner for

stealing them (the palms produced and deposed to.)

Thomas Organ . I am a dealer in iron and brokery; my wife bought these irons, but I do not know of whom; they searched my house, and ransacked my things, and used me very grosly.

Court. You may think yourself very well off.

Prisoner's defence.

None of these things were found upon me, it was necessity drove me to it; it was the time the river was froze over.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Thomas Mitchell, William Taylor, George Simmons.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-34
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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196, 197, 198. (M.) Thomas Mitchell , William Taylor , and George Simmons , were indicted for stealing eleven live turkeys, value 54 s. and four live fowls, value 5 s. the property of John Balsh , Feb. 8 . ||

John Balsh . I live at Mile-end ; I lost eleven turkeys and four fowls between the 7th and 8th of this month; I came on the 12th to Leaden-hall market, I was told there were three men taken up for stealing wild ducks, I was told they were in New Prison; I went there, and saw the three prisoners there; Mitchell desired to speak with me by myself; I went aside with him; he asked me if I did not live at Mile-end; I said I did; he said he and the other two with him took my turkeys; I asked him how he could get into the house to them (it was formerly a dwelling-house) he said he and one of the others got into the cellar; and got up between the quartering into the house, where they were confined, between three and four in the morning, on the 8th of this instant, and they took eleven turkeys and four fowls, and they handed them down into the cellar, and tied their legs, and carried them to Leaden-hall market and sold them.

Q. Were the turkeys in good case?

Balsh. They were very good turkeys; he said he sold five of them for 11 s. and six for 14 s. and the four fowls for 3 s. 6 d. I never spoke to either of the two other prisoners.

Charles Locock . I went with the prosecutor to the prison, on the 12th of February instant; Mitchell took him into the yard, and said he wanted to speak with him; what he said I do not know, but after that we went into a little room by the gate; there I heard him say, he and one of the other got in by breaking a hole, and they took the turkeys and fowls, and sold them at Leadenhall, as Mr. Balsh has said before.

Richard Humphreys . I bought four live turkeys for 10 s. and the odd one, which he called his best, I bought for a shilling, that was dead; I believe I bought them of Simmons; it was on Monday morning the 8th of this instant; there were two or three of them together, I never saw them before or since till to day.

Q. What are you?

Humphreys. I am a ticket-potter; I served my time to the trade of a poulterer.

Richard Mills . I am a poulterer; last Monday was fortnight, going up to my stall, I saw this witness and another handling eleven turkeys; there were six left; I bought them of the prisoner Taylor for 14 s. I took them to my stall, and said, I have no money now, call by and by and I will give it you; after that he came to me and asked for the money, and said he had four chickens, for which he asked 3 s. 6 d. then he said 3 s. he said he brought them from Malden in Essex; I paid him the 14 s. and 3 s. for the fowls.

Henry Smithers Page . I heard Mitchell own in Newgate last Saturday night, that he got through a hole, and stole Mr. Balsh's turkeys, (and that the other two were with him, eleven turkeys and four fowls.

Mitchell's defence.

They want to make a property of us; I am a waterman , between eighteen and nineteen years of age.

Simmon's defence.

I was not along with them; I am a waterman .

Taylor's defence.

I never saw Mr. Miller in my life, till I saw him in New Prison; I am a waterman .

Mitchell and Taylor Guilty . T .

Simmons Acquitted .

(L.) They were a second time indicted for stealing one dead hare, sixteen dead wild ducks, and nine dead rabbits , the property of William Usher , Feb. 11 . ++

Mitchell and Taylor Guilty . T .

Simmons Acquitted .

William Jones.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-35

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199. (L.) William Jones was indicted for stealing two pistols, value 10 s. and one sword, called a hanger, value 2 s. the property of John Shepherd , Jan. 18 . ++

John Shepherd . I am a gun-maker , and live at Rotherhithe ; on Sunday the 17th of January at night, my shutter to my window was cut, and the glass broke, and two pistols and a hanger taken away.

Thomas Slinger . I keep the Ship and Star in East Smithfield; the prisoner and two women were drinking in my house between eleven and twelve at night, on the 18th of January; he was unwilling to go out, I took him by the collar to make him go out, and my servant that is since gone away took this hanger from under the prisoner's coat (produced in court.)

Prosecutor. One hanger may be like another; I believe it to be mine, but I do not swear to it.

Slinger. He was taken to the watch-house and searched, and a brace of pistols were found in his pocket.

Shadrick Turvey . I took a brass barrel pistol out of the prisoner's left-hand pocket, and an iron barrel one out of his right pocket; then we took and handcuffed him (produced in court.)

Prosecutor. These are my property, here is my name on the locks; these were taken out of my shop that night I mentioned.

Prisoner's defence.

I found these pistols and cutlace in an old handkerchief; I took them up, and went to this man's house, and they took them from me; I get my living by the water-side, I have been at sea all the war; I came home but on Bartholomew-fair-day.

Guilty . T .

Jane Heley.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-36

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200. (M.) Jane Heley , spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 3 s. a cotton gown, value 8 s. a stuff gown, value 6 s. a stuff petticoat, value 3 s. a linen petticoat, a pair of stays, and a sattin hat , the property of Christopher Taffe , Jan. 18 . ++

Christopher Taffe . I am a baker , and live in Red-cross-street, Nightingale-lane ; the prisoner lodged in my house; on the 18th of January last we dined at a public-house, my wife went to carry the plate home; she returned and said the house was broke open; I ran and made enquiry about, and Mrs. Pain told me she saw a person come out of my house, and described her so, that I looked upon it to be the prisoner. On the Friday night following my wife brought her into the same house we dined in; she was taken to the watch-house, there she confessed to me and the watchman, that she sold two gowns and two petticoat in the Minories to an old clothes-man, and had pawned another gown for 6 s. somewhere by Moorfields, and a pair of stays for 18 d.

Q. Did you get any of your things again?

Taffe. No, we found nothing but the cuffs of one gown; she would not tell where the pawnbroker lived.

Catherine Taffe . I am wife to the prosecutor; the prisoner lodged a week in our house in a one pair of stairs room, her husband belongs to an Indiaman; I heard her say before this, the first money she could get she would follow the ship to Portsmouth; she came into the public-house while we were at dinner, and went out again; I went home after that, and with difficulty I got the key into the hole of my room door, which is on the ground floor; at last I found the door only upon the latch; then I missed all the things mentioned

in the indictment; I went and told my husband; Mrs. Pain told me she saw a person, describing the prisoner, with a bundle, as much as she could carry, come out at my door, and go towards the Butcher-row; I pursued, but could not find her; I got in a carriage and went to Portsmouth, she was not there; on the Friday following I met her by accident, within twenty yards of my own house; I took hold of her, and told her for what I held her; she begged I would let her go; I took her into a public-house, and saw there in her hand part of the cuffs of one of my gowns (produced in court, and deposed to;) she was carried to the watch-house; in the morning she sent for me, and there owned the fact; she cried, and said she was drunk when she did it; she said one of the gowns she had pawned in Moorfields for 6 s. and the stays for 18 d. but could not tell the pawnbroker's name; some she said she sold in the Minories; I have got no more than the cuffs again.

Q. Did you ever enquire about Moorfielsd?

C. Taffe. No, I never did.

Mary Pain . I live in East-Smithfield, in Red-cross-street; I never saw the prisoner to my knowledge before that day; I saw her go out of the prosecutor's house with the things, a very large bundle.

Q. Do you live near the prosecutor?

M. Pain. I live right facing the door; I saw her the week after at the Justice's, and am sure the prisoner is the woman.

George Cox and John Taylor, two watchmen, deposed to that of her confession in the watch-house.

Prisoner's defence.

These people, my prosecutors, keep a disorderly house in East-Smithfield; she drawed me away from my mother, a green grocer; she lives now in New Rag-fair; what money I got from men, this woman made me give to her; when I threatened to go from her she said she would lay me rotting in a goal; I never had a husband in my life, I was backwards and forwards at her house three quarters of a year; she and her husband get their living by unfortunate girls, and when they are for going away from them they threaten to put them in goal.

Q. to Pain. What is the prosecutor?

Pain. He is a baker, he rents a house of my husband.

Q. Does he carry on baking?

Pain. No, he does not.

Q. How do they get their living?

Pain. I never heard any cabal in the house.

Q. Do they keep a reputable house?

Pain. I never hear no noise, they always pay me honestly, and I have no business no farther.

Q. to C. Taffe. How long have you known the prisoner?

C. Taffe. I have known her about two years.

Q. You say she lodged a week in your house, did she lodge with you no longer?

C. Taffe. I once lett a room to her and a young fellow, but that was not in the house we live in; I know nothing of any one that belongs to her; when I first knew her, she lived in a yard where my house was, in Hog-alley.

Q. You say she has a husband, what was he?

C. Taffe. He was a picture frame maker.

Guilty . T .

Richard Dodd.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-37

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201. (M.) Richard Dodd was indicted for ripping and stealing 160 pounds weight of lead, value 16 s. the property of Joseph Isgrave , Esq ; fixed to a certain building called a soap-house, &c . Feb. 19 . ++

Zechariah Stevens . The watchmen told me they had taken a man, last Saturday was se'nnight, in ripping and cutting of lead belonging to Mr. Isgrave, a tenant of mine; I attended the examination before Mr. Girdler, it was the prisoner at the bar; he was charged upon oath of two watchmen; he there confessed he did rip the lead and threw it down, but denied that he had any intention to take it away; the Justice asked him if he intended to do it in play; he said, yes.

Q. Did he own that any body was concerned with him?

Stevens. He said there was no body concerned but himself.

- Bagget. I am a watchman; about half an hour after four, last Saturday morning was se'nnight, I happened to be coming by the back-side of the soap-house, I heard something fail; I stopped, and my brother watchman came; I told him I suspected there was somebody robbing the place; we both got over into the place, there we saw a brass candlestick with a light in it on the ground, that was soon blowed out; there was a ladder against a beam on the inside the soap-house; we stood there about ten minutes, then came down a piece of lead, after that a hatchet; the prisoner came down the ladder, we started from behind the door, and took him; he lived in the neighbourhood; there were 160 pounds weight of the lead; we took the prisoner to the watch-house, and after that he was committed.

Mr. Weatherall. I went up the ladder about a quarter after five that morning, and found about

ten feet of lead belonging to a gutter was cut away, and the other end of the gutter had twice the quantity cut off; that seemed to have been done before, by the appearance of the wood work.

Prisoner's defence.

I was lying there, I heard a noise in the soap-house, I went up the ladder to see who was doing the mischief; I did not cut the lead.

Richard Harwood , who had known him a dozen years, Robert Cotteril nine, John Harris about seven, and Deborah Lamb , who had lived fellow servant with him, gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Robinson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-38

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202. (M.) Thomas Robinson was indicted for stealing 33 pounds weight of bacon, value 20 s. the property of John English , Feb. 17 . ++

John English . I keep a chandler's shop in Wapping ; last Wednesday was a week, between seven and eight at night, I was gone into the back kitchen, my little girl that is about eight years old screamed out; I came into the shop; she said, O daddy, daddy, the bacon is gone; I went to the hatch, and a boy told me he saw a man go with something from the window; I pursued as he directed; I saw a man under a lamp with something bulky; when I came under it, he, by looking back, had a full view of me; he made a sort of a run, I ran and catched hold of him; he dropped the bacon; I collared him; there were other people came; I left him to them, and took up my hat and wig, and bacon from the dirt.

Q. What part of the shop was the bacon taken from?

English. It was taken from the window; it was pretty near 200 yards from my shop door where I took the prisoner with it.

Prisoner's defence.

Coming through Wapping, as I was going to see my aunt, I heard stop thief cried; three fellows ran by and dropped this bacon in the kennel; I made a full stop, and this man came and charged me with stealing his property; I made no resistance, but was very willing to go where he chose to carry me.

Guilty . T .

John Alders.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-39

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203. (M.) John Alders was indicted, for that he in a certain open place called St. James's Park , near the king's highway, on James Baker did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one linen handkerchief, value 1 s. one iron key, value 1 d. one pair of leather gloves, value 2 d. one clasp knife, value 1 d. and one tooth-pick case, value 1 d. the property of the said James , Jan. 12 . +

James Baker . I am servant to Lady Diana Duncomb . On the 12th of January I went with her Ladyship to my master's mother's house in South Audley-street; she told me she would give me leave to go out in the evening for an hour; I took the opportunity to go and see an acquaintance named Margaret Lettice , at Mrs. Martin's, she is house-keeper there, opposite the door to the House of Lords in New Palace-yard. Going along the Green Park, I saw a person about twenty yards from the Mall within the gate; he crossed over to me; he collared me, and said, d - n you for a rogue, give me your watch and money, or I'll knock you down if you stir another step; he took me back to the gate, and took the key out of my pocket, and let me into the Green Park; I went about an hundred yards farther; there he stopped me and rifled my pockets of all I had; he took 7 s. in silver, my pocket handkerchief, the key of the Green Park, my gloves, and my tooth-pick case, and four tickets with my Lady's name on them.

Q. Had he any thing in his hand?

Baker. No, he had not, only my stick which he took from me.

Q. Did you see nobody at this time?

Baker. I saw two people at a distance, which frightened me very much.

Q. Why did you not call out?

Baker. I had not presence of mind, my fright was so great; he said, if you don't bring me two guineas to this place in the Green Park to-morrow morning, I'll knock you down from behind the carriage the next time I see you; I told him I would; then he let me out at the gate, and I went into Piccadilly.

Q. What time of the evening was this?

Baker. This was about seven o'clock; I left my Lady at half an hour after six; we were not above 20 minutes in the Park together.

Q. Did you go willingly back to the Green Park?

Baker. No, I did not; after he had robbed me he took me towards the pond, and after that he went and let me out towards Piccadilly; the next day he came to my master's door about three o'clock, and knocked, the porter opened it; he asked for his fellow servant; the porter said which servant; the porter shut the door upon him and came for me; when the porter opened the door I saw him and said, d - n you for a rogue, you are

the rogue that robbed me last night; he ran up the square as hard as he could run; I did not pursue him, I don't know how he was taken; there were several of my fellow servants after him before me; we could not all leave the house; he was taken in about half an hour, and they sent to me, I went, it was at a house in Oxford Road; the constable asked me if there was ever a person there that robbed me; the prisoner was put into a corner of the room, I found him; I believe there were an hundred people in the room; the prisoner I am sure is the man that robbed me.

Q. Did you mention your being robbed when you got home?

Baker. I told all my fellow servants of it, and two chairmen, when I came home, I was very much surprized; I told the porter of it at my first going into the house; I went with the prisoner before a Justice of the peace, he would not confess any thing.

Q. from prisoner. Did you not say I robbed you near Spring-garden gate?

Baker. I never did; he robbed me in the Queen's Park.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you ever said I robbed you in St. James's Park opposite the Mall?

Baker. I never did.

Q. from prisoner. What discourse had we when walking up the Mall?

Baker. That discourse was what I have told your Lordship.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you let me through into the Green Park or not?

Baker. The prisoner took the key out of my pocket and let himself through.

Q. from prisoner. As it was at such a seasonable hour, why did you not make an outcry, as there was a centinel so near to have me taken?

Baker. As for that I had not the presence of mind; he had hold of my collar all the way.

Q. Whereabouts in the Mall was you when the prisoner first came to you?

Baker. I was almost opposite St. James's.

Q. Why did you not call to the centinel?

Baker. I had not the centinel in my head at that time.

Q. In going back to the Green Park, did you not go by a centinel-box?

Baker. Yes, I did, but he had hold of me, and had my stick in his hand.

Q. How near did you go to a centinel-box?

Baker. Within seven or eight yards.

Q. from prisoner. Did not you see people passing and repassing at eight or ten yards distance?

Baker. I never did.

Q. Can you describe whereabouts in the Mall he first attacked you?

Baker. It was about the middle of the Mall.

Q. from prisoner. Did you not say you should like such an agreeable man as me for your fellow-servant?

Baker. I never did.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not ask me to go and spend the evening with you, and drink two or three pots of beer, as you had little business to do?

Baker. I never did.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not let me through into Piccadilly?

Baker. I never did; he let me through, but which way he went I cannot tell.

Q. from prisoner. The reason why you did not call out to people when in Piccadilly?

Baker. I did not see any body there, I had not presence of mind.

Q. Did the prisoner come out into Piccadilly?

Baker. He did; I ran away as fast as ever I could when I saw he was gone, I was very much frightened.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not shake hands with me in Piccadilly and part?

Baker. I believe I did.

Q. from prisoner. Whether he did not give me the key of the Green Park to let myself out, and to let myself into the Green Park to meet him.

Baker. No, I did not.

Q. Did you agree to meet the prisoner?

Baker. I told him I would bring him the two guineas into the Green Park.

Q. What time was you to have brought it?

Baker. I was to bring it in the morning, the hour he did not mention.

Q. from prisoner. What is the reason you did not come the next morning according to your promise?

Baker. I did not think it worth my while to meet such a rogue, I hoped never to see him again.

Court. Then you did not wish to see him tried for it?

Baker. No, my Lord, I never wished to be frightened so again.

Prisoner. The next day morning he was not there; I looked at one of the tickets and took it from the ground; I waited impatient till twelve

o'clock; he not coming, I went to the house; I saw him putting his buckles in his shoe; he saw me, and pointed with his-hand, implying he would follow me.

Baker. I was not buckling my shoe, I never saw him till the porter opened the door.

Q. from pris. When I was before Major Spinnage , whether you did not say you did not desire to prosecute me, only your mistress spirited you on?

Baker. No, I did not.

Mr. Odell. I am chairman to Lady Duncomb; I was with her on the 12th of January; she went to South Audley-street near May fair, to Mr. Duncomb's mother; the prosecutor was with me that night; he left us at near half an hour after six; he said, gentlemen, I wish you good bye, her Ladyship has been so good to let me have an hour this evening to myself, and went away; I saw him again about twenty minutes before eight; he was in a great terror, I never saw a man so frightened in my life, he was so confused he could hardly speak; I asked him what was the matter, he with an oath said, I have been robbed to night; he said he was going down the Green Park, after he let himself in, and when in St. James's Park, he was accosted by this man; that he dropped a great oath and said, if he did not deliver his money and watch he would knock him down; he said the man collared him in the Green Park, and rifled his pockets three different times; I asked him how much he had lost; he said he believed eight or nine, or seven or eight shillings, his pocket handkerchief, a pair of gloves, a tooth pick case, a key, and 2 or 3 of my Lady's tickets; he said the man took the key of Lord Bath's gate out of his pocket, and let himself out. The prisoner came the next day about 3 o'clock, I was then in the servants hall; the porter was in the porter's hall, he let the prisoner in; I was not near enough to hear what passed; the porter called, come up, come up, here is the man that robbed James last night; I ran up the area steps, and pursued immediately down Audley-street, till he got into a house, a chandler's shop, in Oxford Road, he got the heels of me; we went into the house, and up and down two or three times: they would not admit my fellow servant; I said I was very certain the man we were after was in that house; they told me I should not without a proper officer or a warrant; I went for a warrant, and at my return they had got the prisoner; we took him up into a room and searched him; there were a watch, three handkerchiefs, three or four shillings, a pair of gloves, and the key of Lord Bath's gate; we took him before Major Spinnage , he did not confess any thing; the prosecutor charged him with taking him out of St. James's Park into the Green Park, and there robbing him.

Richard Urland . I am the other chairman; I was present when the prisoner was taken and search'd; there were three handkerchiefs, a pair of gloves, a tooth-pick-case, 4 s. and a key of the Green Park, and a walking-stick, which he had in his hand; I was with him before Major Spinnage , and when he was going to prison, he confessed he committed the robbery, and no body else; and he confessed two other robberies besides.

Q. Did he tell you what induced him to come to your master's house, after he had committed the robbery?

Urland. No, he did not.

William Aslry . I am a perriwig maker, and live in Brook-street, Grosvenor-square; I was going along the road, and saw a number of people round a chandler's shop in Oxford Road; I enquired what was the matter; I was told there was a thief in the house that had robbed a footman; I said, are you sure he is there; I was answered, yes; I said, there was one of St. George's constables over the way; I went to him, he and I went in; I went up about four or five steps of the second story, and met the prisoner coming down; I laid hold of him, and said, Sir, you shall go no farther; he said, indeed, Sir, you are mistaken in the person; I said, I shall be farther informed before I let you go; I held him about a minute; by that time the chairman came, and said, that is the man I am in pursuit of; (the things found upon the prisoner produced.)

Prosecutor. I swear to one handkerchief only.

Aslry. When the prosecutor came, they put the prisoner into a corner of the room, and desired him to look for the man that had robbed him; he looked round, and pointed to the prisoner, and said, that is the man; then we took him to Major Spinnage ; when in the coach, going to Bridewell, he was asked whether he had any accomplice; he said, no; I asked him how he came to go and ask for the two guineas; he said, he did not know how he came to go; I said, I am afraid you have been ruined by keeping bad company; he said he had, and did not care what became of him.

Thomas Dodsworth . I am porter to Lady Duncomb; the prisoner came to our house about three o'clock.

Q. Was Baker buckling his shoes then?

Dodsworth. I did not see him, as I remember; sometimes he does buckle his shoes in the hall.

Q. When did Baker tell you of his being robbed?

Dodsworth. He told me of it that night as soon as he came in; he seemed very much frightened; my fellow-servants heard him tell it; he said it was in the Park.

Q. Which Park?

Dodsworth. I cannot tell which Park; the next day the prisoner came to our house, and produced this ticket, ( producing one.)

Baker. This is one of the tickets I had in the Park that night, which the prisoner took from me.

Prisoner's defence.

I was going to the Queen's guard (I am a soldier) to see another soldier; walking through the Park, the footman overtook me; he asked me what o'clock it was; I said, I thought about seven; he still kept walking with me, and asked me which way I was going; I said, to the Queen's guard, to see a friend; just as we came to Lord Harrington's, he said to me, Sir, I should be glad of your company, as you seem so agreeable, and I have but little to do; I said, Sir, I hope you will excuse me till another opportunity, as I am not acquainted with you; if you will wait till I come back, I will oblige you with my company; he still was very desirous for me to go with him; I went with him through the Green Park; just as we came to the top of it, I stopped to make water; he came up to me, and took hold of my private parts; I said, you scoundrel, what do you mean, are there not women enough, what do you mean by it, I do not understand your meaning; he begged I would not hurt him; I said, you scoundrel, let me through the gate; I told him, I had a good mind to lick him; well, he went on his knees, and begged that I would not expose him, it would be his ruin, and he should lose his place; he said he had no money about him, but call to-morrow at such a place, saying he lived in Half-moon-street, Piccadilly, that his name was John Johnson . As we were going to shake hands, he gave me this pocket-handkerchief, and the key to let myself through the Park-gate again. The next morning I went, according to his proposal, he was not there; I waited very impatiently, he did not come; (when he gave me the handkerchief, there dropped two or three tickets on the ground; he was very desirous to have them; I said, when you meet me tomorrow you shall have them; we shook hands and parted;) I put my hand in my pocket, there I saw Lady Duncomb, Grosvenor-square. I went there, when I found where he lived, and saw him at the window; before I knocked, he put his hand out, as if I was to go that way, and he would follow me: after he did not come out, I knocked at the door; the porter came, I asked for his fellow-servant; he said, what is your business; I said, I should be very glad to speak to such a person; he shut the door and called him; I said, I hope you are very well; he said, you are the fellow that robbed me in the Park; in my fright I went away; just as I was turning the corner of the square, I heard the cry, stop thief; I wondered what was the matter, and ran away; I went into that house, and was taken and carried before Major Spinnage ; I had no talk with any body about a robbery; he is a bad man, and wants to swear my life away.

David Jourdan and Walter Davidson , two serjeants in the third regiment. to which regiment the prisoner belonged, from the 8th of June, 1764; and Andrew Fowls and Anne Taylor appeared for him, and said, they never heard any thing bad laid to his charge.

Guilty .

Death .

Anne Wainwright.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-40
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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204. (M.) Anne, wife of Jarvis Wainwright , otherwise Anne Davis, spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 6 s. the property of George Bretlesford , June 25 . ||

George Bretlesford . I live in Hare-street ; I lost a gown of my wife's, I cannot tell the exact time; I heard of it in January last, which was about six months after; the prisoner lodged at my house, she was carrier to a milk-woman; she had pawned things the property of her mistress, and upon enquiring after them, the gown was found at a pawnbroker's; she was charged with it, and she owned she had taken and pawned it.

John Swinton . I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner pledged the gown with me the 25th of June last; (produced and deposed to.)

Guilty . W .

There was another indictment against her.

Robert Watling.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-41
VerdictNot Guilty

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205. (M.) Robert Watling was indicted for stealing a guinea and a half , the money of Joseph Connings , Feb. 4 . ||

Joseph Connings . I am apprentice to Mr. Wallis, a publican near Grosvenor-square; I had got some money a Christmas-boxing the two last years, so that I had a guinea and a half, and two or three shillings, which was put in an old box, not locked, in the room where the prisoner lay: there was another box stood upon it; I missed it the 4th of this month; he lay alone, only on the Sunday before that, one Megar, a brother soldier of his, lay with him.

John Megar . The prisoner and I belong to the second regiment of guards; I lay with him in his

bed on Sunday night the 31st of January; he had no money to pay his reckoning before we went to bed; the next morning when I awaked, there was a full pot of beer, and another three parts full under the bed; the prisoner told me he brought them up while I was asleep, and that he had paid Mrs. Wallis for it; we got up, and with our breakfast had two pots of beer, which I paid for; then we went down to the water-side to work as usual; going along, he took out a guinea, and tossed it up; I took it in my hand, it appeared to be a new guinea; when we came into the Strand, he called for a pot of beer, and changed it; he had in change half a guinea, a quarter guinea, and I was a halfpenny towards the beer; we went on to Puddle-dock, there he lent me 3 s. to pay a debt; I was to pay him again at 6 d. a week; all the way we went along Thames-street, he treated his acquaintance; I asked him where he had the guinea; he told me he had it out Joe Sponsey 's box ( a nickname they gave Connings in the house); I said, it will be found out; he said, they might all be d - n'd, they never could, for they could never swear to money.

Prisoner. I did lend him 3 s. at Puddle-dock.

Richard Wallis . The lad that lost his money is my apprentice, he is a very sober boy; I never saw the money, but I believe he had that money he mentions.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing at all about it.

Serjeant Murrey. The prisoner has been in the same company I belong to about seven years; he is very sober and honest for what I ever heard; Megar's character is not so fair as the prisoner's.

Serjeant Wilson. I belong to the same company, I never heard any thing amiss of the prisoner; I have known him five years; Megar's character is but very indifferent, I cannot tell whether he may be believed on his oath or not.

Thomas Nelson . The prisoner was quartered in my house about nine months; he is a hard-working man, and I believe an honest man.

Acquitted .

Mary Robinson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-42
VerdictNot Guilty

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206 (M.) Mary Robinson , spinster , was indicted for the wilful murder of her female bastard child ; she was charged likewise on the coroner's inquest for the said murder, Feb. 7 . +

Mary Adams . I lodge at Elizabeth Cooper 's, in Horton-street near Clare-market ; I had known the prisoner about three weeks before the 7th instant, she and I lay together; she went out a washing and ironing; she was sick on the 7th, being Sunday morning, she went down stairs, and staid some time, I believe an hour; when she came up again, she said she was sick, and must go down again; she did not stay at all, but turned and went down again; I fell asleep, I do not know how long she staid that time; it was not light when she went down, and it was light when she came up; she then said she was better.

Q. Had not you perceived her to be with child before that night?

M. Adams. No, I had not, she went for a single woman; it being Sunday morning, I lay a little longer than usual, I left her in bed; I went down to the necessary-house, I found it bloody; I went up to her, and asked her how she did; she said, not well; she got up, and went up into Mrs. Townsend's room, who lodges up two pair of stairs, and staid there all the day. On the Monday morning Mrs. Townsend and I searched the necessary, and found the after-burden; the prisoner was in her room at the time; Mrs. Townsend and I went up, and informed her of it; I staid in the yard; the prisoner went to her brother-in-law in Wardrobe-court, Doctors-commons, in the evening; we desired her to come home with us, she did; when at home, we asked her after the child, saying she had had one; soon after she went up with Mrs. Townsend to Mrs. Townsend's room; I did not go up with them, but I went up after the child was found, and laid upon a table; I saw no marks of violence upon it; I asked the prisoner whether it was born dead or alive; she said it was not born alive.

Winefred Townsend. I was a lodger in the same house, I have known the prisoner ten or eleven years; I had no suspicion of her being with child till the 7th of this instant; she came up to me in my room that Sunday morning, between ten and eleven, and staid with me all the afternoon, she made no complaint; on the Monday Mrs. Adams came and told me there was something in the vault; I went down with her, and there I saw the after-burden, I took it out; the prisoner was then in my room; I went up to her, and told her what I had found; she said, what do you mean; I bid her come down and see; she did not; I went down, and looked in the vault for the child, I could not see any; I went up again, then the prisoner was gone to Doctors Commons; I and Mrs. Adams went there to her; I asked her to go home with us, she did; then we went into Mrs. Adams's room, we found nothing there; then we asked her about the child; she bid me go up stairs, and she would follow me; she went to her box, and

took the child out; it was clean, it seemed to have come to its full growth, there were no marks of violence upon it; I asked her if it was born alive or dead; she said it was born dead; she did not tell me where she was delivered.

Mr. Patch. I am a surgeon; I made the usual experiment upon the lungs.

Q. Is that held to be a certain evidence of the child having drawn breath?

Patch. I should consider it as a very inconclusive evidence; there were no marks of violence upon it; I observed that the navel-string was not tied, the child might have bled to death from thence.

Anne Bright . I am a glove-maker; I went to see the child on the 8th of February; the prisoner sent me to her box for a piece of flannel, there I found some baby-things, (several produced in court.)

Prisoner's defence.

The child was born dead.

Acquitted .

David .
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-43

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207. (L.) David, otherwise John Miller , was indicted for stealing a silver-mounted sword, value 40 s. the property of Robert Lee Doughty , Esq ; Jan. 20 . +

Robert Lee Doughty , Esq; Coming from Drury lane Play-house on the 20th of Jan. I had my sword taken from my side, just by the Play-house door in Catherine-street ; I did not see the person take it.

Henry Harding . I live in Vere-street, Clare-market, and am a taylor; I have known the prisoner some time; he came to my house in February, (I do not recollect the day) and asked me if I would buy a sword; he said he had not got it with him; I asked him if it was advertised; he said it was, but he would sooner take and knock it to pieces than carry it to the person; he went and fetched it, and asked me whether I had a private room that he could shew it me in; I said, you may shew it me in my yard, no body can overlook you; he had it under his coat; then he took it from under his coat, and took it out of the scabbard five or six inches; he said with an oath, he was sure it cost ten guineas, but I should have it for five; he desired I would bid something; I would not; I said, I could send you to a very honest man, an old clothes-man, named Adam Wood , at the bottom of Wych-street, the Crooked Billet and King's Arms; he walked out; I never saw him after, till before Justice Fielding.

Q What is the prisoner?

Harding. He calls himself a taylor, but I believe he never was one.

Thomas Fellows . I am a constable. On the first of February, about two in the afternoon, an information was brought to me, that a man was overheard at the Crooked Billet at the bottom of Wych-street, offering a sword that had been advertised, and that it was secreted under his coat; I got assistance and went; there was the prisoner and Mr. Wood; I clasped the prisoner round, and found this sword under his coat; ( produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Harding. I believe this to be the same the prisoner shewed to me.

Fellows. I took the prisoner before Sir John Fielding , there I found this sword had been advertised; we asked the prisoner where he lived; he said in Denmark-court in the Strand; I was ordered to go and search his lodging, there I found two pocket-books; in one were divers sham banknotes, not filled up, (produced.) I traced the other pocket-book to be the property of Mr. Woodrooffe in Cheapside, which he lost upon 'Change.

Prisoner's defence.

I was coming through Vinegar-yard about a quarter after ten, I had occasion to ease myself, there were two men; I heard them say, we will hide it; what it was I could not tell, it was in a dark place behind Drury-lane Play-house; after they were gone I went to look, and saw this sword without a scabbard, and two pocket-books, with an old handkerchief tied round the sword; I kept them three days, waiting for an advertisement; then I carried the sword to Mr. Harding, he lent me half a guinea upon it; after that he met me, and said, what shall I do for a scabbard; he desired me to get one; I said I had no money; then he gave me a guinea to go and get two or three; I went to a cutler, and he let me have four; one of them fitted, for which I gave 4 s. I seeing it advertised, went to him on a Sunday morning, and said it was advertised a guinea reward; I desired him to let me have it to carry to Sir John; no, said he, I'll give you more than it is advertised for; then I said I would go to Sir John Fielding ; then he said, let us go and sell it to an old clothes-man; Mr. Fellows came there, and took me.

Guilty . T .

See him tried by the name of John Miller , No 11, in Sir William Stephenson 's, and by the name of David Miller , No 130, in Mr. Alderman Nelson's Mayoralty.

John Neal.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-44
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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208 (M.) John Neal was indicted for stealing an iron plough cock, value 1 s. the property of John Rubergale ; and another ditto , the property of Stephen Leaver , Jan. 20 . ++

John Rubergale . I am a gardener at Brumpton ; on the 19th of January I lost a cock from my plough, about 100 yards from my house; as we

could not plow, I sent my man to London for a load of dung; he returned, and said he believed they had got the man that stole the cock, at Knights-bridge; I went there, and saw the prisoner in custody, and my cock; he owned he had been at my house the day before.

Stephen Leaver . I am a gardener and farmer at Brumpton, I lost a cock of a plough; I went and saw the prisoner at Knightsbridge, there I found it again.

Peter Peter . I am a watchman at Knightsbridge. As I was calling the hour five that morning, I saw the prisoner with some old iron; I stopped him, he had these two cocks upon him; (produced and deposed to by the respective owners.)

Prisoner's defence.

Three men sent me with these things to a blacksmith in Tyburn-road, and they stopped me.

Guilty 10 d. T .

Anne Griffith, Jane Dixon.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-45

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209, 210. (L.) Anne Griffith and Jane Dixon were indicted for stealing twenty pair of silk stockings, fifteen pair of silk gloves, six pair of silk mits, two pair of worsted hose, four pair of thread hose, and eight pair of cotton hose , the property of John Yerbury , Jan. 15 . ++

John Yerbury . I am a hosier , and live in Lombard-street ; Anne Griffith was my servant about four months, the other prisoner was her frequent visitor; they used to call sisters, but I find they are not related at all; on Friday the 15th of January, Mr. Bruin, a pawnbroker, came to my house, and left word (I was not at home) he had four pair of silk hose, and two pair of cotton, and he believed from the account he had received they were my property; there came Mr. Sherman, who lives in Cloth-fair, and the person that lives at the Jack of Newbury in Chiswell-street; they informed me that Dixon had received several sundry goods in my way, and they believed her husband to be a very honest man, and knew nothing of the matter, and they would endeavour to get the goods and let me have them; they told me they were going to the pawnbroker, I said I would meet them there; I went, there was Sherman at the door of a public-house; he desired I would walk in, saying the parties were all there; there was Dixon and her husband; she said she had been recollecting what goods she had received of my maid, and the believed most of them could be got again, and hoped I would not prosecute her; I asked her how she came by them; she said she received them of my maid Griffith; I told them I believed it was not in my power to make the affair up, but I should examine my maid; Mr. Bruin was there, and produced the stockings which he had stopped, four pair of silk and two of cotton; I came here to the Old-Bailey, and got a warrant of Mr. Alderman Turner, being the 15th of January, the time of sessions; I took up my maid, and brought her here before Sir Richard Glyn ; she said Mrs. Dixon used to come to see her, and the goods used to be taken away by her chiefly on Sundays in the forenoon, when she was at home alone; Mr. Bruin produced some stockings, which I then swore to; I then endeavoured to find Mrs. Dixon, but she absconded; Sir Richard Glyn granted a warrant to take her, and another to search the house; there we found four pair of white silk mits, two pair of worsted hose, four pair of cotton and one pair of thread hose; I desired Mr. Dixon, if he was clear of the affair, to give me an account where his wife was; he said he would consider of it; I heard nothing of it till the Monday morning, then the husband and Sherman came to the constable, and brought fifteen pair of silk gloves, and an odd one, two pair of silk mits, and five pair of marble silk hose; she was apprehended on the Wednesday following, and examined before my Lord Mayor with Anne Griffith ; the goods were all produced; my Lord asked whose property they were; Dixon said she believed they were mine; he then asked her how she came by them; she said she received them of Anne Griffith in my house; Anne Griffith was present, she said she did not give her them herself, but Dixon used to go behind the counter, and take what goods she had a mind to.

James Bruin . I am a pawnbroker, and live on Snow-hill; one Sarah Smith brought two pair of cotton and four pair of silk hose, on the 15th of January in the evening; she first produced one pair of cotton, and asked half a crown upon them; I said I would let her have 2 s. which I did; then she produced a pair of silk ones; I asked whose they were; she said they were her husband's; I said you must give a better account; then she said she had them from the country to sell by commission; I asked her how long she had been a broker; she did not understand the word, and could not cleverly make me an answer; I desired her to produce a letter of advice, or bill of parcel, or I should stop them; she said if I did, it would be the worst day's work that ever I did; then she said, stop these, and opened a bundle; in the whole were four pair of silk and two of cotton; she was very saucy; I said, if I did not know you I would

send you to the Compter; I jumped over the counter, and stopt her, and sent for a constable; then she said she came from Mrs. Dixon, who she said had married a merchant's clerk: when the constable came, I said if you will send for Mrs. Dixon, and she will come, I will let you go; she sent; then Mrs. Dixon and Griffith came together; Dixon said to Smith, what do you mean by pawning my stockings, I gave them you to sell; said I to Dixon, are the stockings your's; she said, yes, they are; said I, you must give me an account how you came by them, or I will send you to the Compter; she said she bought them in Wood-street of a stranger, a good clever looking man; that she gave three guineas for eighteen pair; I said, do you often carry three guineas in your pocket; she said yes, and more; I asked her where her husband lived, and desired her to send for him; she said she did not chose to go where he worked, but if I pleased to go into her neighbourhood, there was one Mr. Sherman a smith knew her; we went there, he was out; we went to two public-houses, but could not find him; when the two prisoners were gone into a public house, a person said they believed Griffith lived with Mr. Vaux, a haberdasher in Cornhill; I took Dixon's word till the morrow; then I went to Mr. Vaux, he told me he did not sell stockings; I described Griffith; he said I should see his chambermaid; I could get no intelligence, and was got as far as the 'Change, a young fellow came after me, and desired me to step back; I did; then I was told the person I described it was thought lived at Mr. Yerbury's in Lombard-street; I went there, he was not at home, I left word with his man of what had passed; he came and saw the stockings; about nine the next morning came Mr. Dixon, Mr. Gold, and Mr. Sherman, with Mrs. Dixon; she said she bought the stockings in Wood-street; then I said I am very sorry to tell you these stockings are stole, I suppose you know Mr. Yerbury; then she turned as pale as death, and was very much frightened; I told her friends she must be transported; they went, and met at the Three Tuns on Snow-hill; there came Mr. Yerbury, I was sent for; they offered to pay any money for what things were missing I was before my Lord Mayor, and heard the prisoner Dixon say she had the stockings of Griffith, and Griffith said Dixon took them herself.

Sarah Smith . I am a black-milliner, and live in Foster-lane, Mrs. Dixon brought the six pair of stockings to me, and told me they were the property of a gentlewoman that had kept an hosier's shop; that she had married an extravagant man, a clerk to a merchant; she asked me if I could dispose of any of them; I told her I would try; I did dispose of eleven pair; she brought some to me at three different times, the first was the 29th of December, four pair of women's silk hose; after that she brought seven pair more, I disposed of them; the next was the 11th of January, there were these six pair; she said the gentlewoman was very ill, going to lie in, and could not come herself; I went to Mr. Bruin's on the 15th (the rest as Mr. Bruin had deposed.)

Griffith's defence.

I never took any.

Dixon's defence.

These stockings I bought in Wood-street, of a man that said he was the manufacturer of them.

Sarah Clegg , Anne Forecast , and Mary Lost , gave Griffith a good character; and Thomas Gold , James Pullin , William Moreman , William Hare , William Humphreys , Mary Burton , Francis Rosamond , James Bayton , and Elizabeth Goff , gave Dixon the same.

Both Guilty . T .

Thomas Pharaoh.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-46

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211. (L.) Thomas Pharaoh was indicted for stealing a china bowl, value 20 s. and a china pint mug, value 12 d. the property of Christopher Kew , Feb. 16 . +

Christopher Kew . I am a victualler , and live in Fenchurch-street ; on the Wednesday before last, about a quarter before eight at night, a servant girl belonging to a neighbour, came and desired us to take care, saying there were two or three fellows wanted to rob us; there was William Smith , a black, in the house, I desired him to go up one pair of stairs, and watch if any body came; he went up, and when they were taking the bowls out he jumped out at the window, and took one of them; we took him before my Lord Mayor, there he was at his liberty to go to the East-Indies, or take his trial here; he chose to go to the East-Indies; after he came from there, he was desired to tell who was concerned with him; he said, if we would go over the water, we might find some of them, saying there were three more of them; we went and found the prisoner.

William Smith . I was up at the window, ready to open it to jump out; I saw three of them come up to the casement that opens into the bar; I saw one of them make three attempts, and the fourth time I jumped out, and took Pawley the evidence; the window is about ten feet from the ground; I took so much notice of the prisoner, I am sure he took out something twice.

Prosecutor. I missed a china bowl and a mug, and other things are gone, I cannot tell what.

William Pawley . I have known the prisoner four months, or half a year; he was with me when that black laid hold of me; we had made several goes at the things; we had taken out a china bowl and mug, and a pint bason; there were four of us, Uriah Hudable was one, and the other named Tom, but I do not know his other name; the black jumped out of a window, and took me; I agreed before my Lord Mayor to go to the East-Indies; the prisoner is the person that ran away with the bowl; he flung that away, and it was broke; I took the prosecutor over to the Brown Bear in the Mint, there the prisoner was taken.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw that evidence Pawley in my life; I am a waterman , and served my time at Paris-garden.

Guilty . T .

James Adams, John Roberts.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-47
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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212, 213. (L.) James Adams and John Roberts were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of George Thompson , on the 19th of January , about the hour of one in the night, and stealing twelve linen shirts, value 4 l. three linen shifts, value 4 s. one linen apron, value 12 d. three yards of silver lace, value 3 s. and three silver tea-spoons, value 3 s. the property of the said George . +

George Thompson . I live in Ropemaker's-alley, Little Moorfields ; Adams was my apprentice, he served me two years, and has been gone from me about twelve months; he had done some faults and I turned him away. On the 19th of January my house was broke open in the night, the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away.

Mrs. Thompson. I am wife to the prosecutor; I was up last, but I believe the back door was not fast.

Clements Spurges . I am a shoemaker, and live in the Back-lane at the end of Rag-fair; a neighbour of mine used to buy pickpocket's handkerchiefs and other stolen goods; I spoke of it and they served me with a copy of a writ, and the Justice ordered me to stop the first I saw come, and the first I saw was Roberts; he had two shirts and a check apron under his arm; the other prisoner was there, he ran up Chick-lane; I stopped him with a shirt in his hand; he flung it into a barber's shop; he had three more shirts on his back, and about three yards of silver lace in his pocket; they were committed, one to Bridewell, and the other to New Prison, for further examination. After that Mrs. Thompson came and owned the things; Roberts confessed there were three of them, that they got over a wall and into the kitchen, and took the things; he said the other boy whom I knocked down, but he got away, was called Pouch, that he had one shirt and three childrens shifts, and one spoon, when he got away; (nine shirts, a check apron, three yards and a half of silver lace produced and deposed to by the prosecutor's wife.)

Peter Mackmillen the constable deposed to the finding the things on the prisoners as before-mentioned.

Both guilty of felony only . T .

George Walker, Alexander Ross.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-48
VerdictNot Guilty

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214, 215. (L.) George Walker and Alexander Ross were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Samuel Jennings on the 24th of January , about the hour of four in the night, and stealing a mahogany tea-chest, value 2 s. three tin canisters, value 12 d. and four silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. the property of the said Samuel, in his dwelling-house . +

Mrs. Jennings. I am wife to Samuel Jennings , he is a journeyman printer ; we live in Church-yard-court, Harp-alley ; Walker's parents lodged in our house, I have known him from an infant. On the 24th of January the watchman alarmed me at four o'clock, and told me my house was broke open; I came down and found the shutters of the kitchen-window down, and two panes of glass taken clean out, and a mahogany tea-chest taken away; that was brought to me about six o'clock broke to pieces; Walker's sister told me he had been out all night, and very likely he knowing the house might come and do it; she took me down to the market where he was; I told him I would forgive him, if he would let me know if he did it; he would not confess; I brought him to the fitting Alderman in Guildhall, there he was cleared; after that, the man where he works at, a paper-stainer's, came and told me there was Ross that worked with Walker was likely to be concerned; I went to him, and told him I would forgive him if he would tell; then he told me that Walker and he did it; we found the tea-spoons by his directions; he went with us to the pawnbroker; he said there were three of them concerned, and that the other boy pawned the spoons; I really believe this is the first offence that Walker has committed.

Both Acquitted .

Elizabeth Brice, Anne Clifford, Mary Clifford.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-49
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence; Not Guilty

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216, 217, 218. (M.) Elizabeth Brice , Anne Clifford , and Mary Clifford , spinsters , were indicted for stealing one pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. five guineas, one half guinea, and two

quarter guineas, the property of John Jackson , privately from his person , Jan. 26 . ||

John Jackson . I live at Edmonton; I was in Holbourn pretty much in liquor, on the 26th of January between twelve and one at night; I could not get in at my lodging in Ormond-yard, I was strolling about, and could not light of any body where I could lie.

Q. What are you?

Jackson. I am a farmer; I was somewhere near the Coach and Horses in Holbourn , and these three women at the bar laid hold of me, and led me into a house in a court and stripped me; they promised to take me to some good lodging; I never saw them before; there was a candle lighted; they pulled my boots and breeches off, they flung my boots to the other side the house; there were five guineas and a half and two quarter guineas in a purse in my breeches, they took them away; I believe Mary Clifford stood watch while the others stripped me, and put the candle out; after they left me I hollooed out for the watch, he came; I was sitting on a bad bed in a bad house.

Q. Did you pull your breeches off, or did they?

Jackson. I believe they assisted me, or I could not have got them off; I am sure I did not give them my breeches; the watchman took me to the watch-house.

Anne Benson . My husband keeps the Coach and Horses in Holbourn; Mr. Jackson brought three women to the bar, and I served them with a glass of gin a little after twelve at night; whether the prisoners are the women I know not, they did not stay above three minutes; he did not appear to be so drunk as he seems to say.

Joseph Bishop . A watchman came in and said there has been a robbery committed in Jacob's-court, that is on the back of Blackboy-alley; I went there and found him very drunk; some of the watchmen helped him on with his boots; we took him to the watch-house in Coldbath-fields; Mary Clifford was taken and brought in about five; I made her pull out her money; she took out a box with a 5 s. 3 d. and 26 d. the farmer said she was one of the women that robbed him; I went and borrowed a pair of breeches for him; we took her before the Justice, she was committed; going along, she confessed that money was the farmer's, and that Anne her sister gave her that and the breeches in Smithfield, and she was afraid the watch would take the breeches from her, and she ran down Cock-lane, and there in a little court flung the breeches away; we went and enquired of the officer, who told me they were found there, and we got them again, and the farmer swore to them; the other two prisoners were taken on the Monday evening following the 1st of February; Anne Clifford confessed before Justice Girdler, that Elizabeth Brice had two guineas and two shillings of the money; Brice was by at the time, and she owned she had it, and said that one John Cook had a guinea for his share, and Anne Clifford confessed she herself had the rest of the money.

Edward Baget . I heard a man call, for God's sake, watchman, make haste, I am stripped and I shall be murdered, I have lost my watch, I am robbed; the door was open; I found the farmer lying on a bed with some of the clothes over him, without breeches or shoes; I looked about, and found his watch lying on a table by the side of his wig; after that I found Mary Clifford , and the breeches were found and brought to the farmer.

Anne Clifford 's defence.

He treated a great many women besides us.

Brice's defence.

I never saw the man at all till before the Justice.

Mary Clifford 's defence.

I was not in his company.

Brice and Anne Clifford Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

Mary Clifford. Acquitted .

Sarah Cloudsley.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-50
VerdictNot Guilty

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219. (M.) Sarah Cloudsley , spinster , was indicted for stealing three linen aprons, value 3 s. two silk handkerchiefs, value 3 s. an iron tobacco-box, a coral necklace, two pair of silk mittins, and six linen clouts , the property of Daniel Trimmings , Jan. 26 . ||

Acquitted .

John Giles.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-51
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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220. (M.) John Giles was indicted for robbing Elizabeth Beazley , spinster , on the king's highway, of a cloth cloak, value 5 s. a linen apron, value 2 s. two silk and cotton handkerchiefs, value 3 s. a pair of worsted stockings, value 1 s. and two guineas, the property of the said Elizabeth, against her will , Feb. 16 . +

Elizabeth Beazley . I came from Causom, by Reading; I came up to London in the Maidenhead coach, and was set down in Piccadilly, on Shrove Tuesday, a little after five; I was promised a lodging at the Brown Bear; they sent me to another place, where they thought I might lie, about

two furlongs from thence; they shewed me down the street; I went by myself, but could get no lodging; I was standing crying at a china-shop; the soldier at the bar came to me, and said, young woman, why do you cry; I said, I am a country girl, a stranger here, and can get no lodging; he said he would provide me with a lodging, at a good motherly woman's house; he said he would stay at his centinel-box till eight, and then he could go along with me, this was near seven; he took me by the hand, and led me to his centinel-box, they call it Spring-garden gate ; he said, put your bundle there; I said I could hold it; he took it out of my hand, and put it into the box; there was another soldier came; then he told me to go for a pot of porter, and bring change for a shilling; he went and shewed me the house, and I went in; they would not let me have it, I not bringing the money; when I came back, he had carried away my bundle, with the things mentioned in it, the two two guineas were in one of the handkerchiefs; the soldiers were then both gone, his fire-arms were in the box; the prisoner soon came; I asked him where was my bundle; he said he had sent a young man of my own country for it, and he had taken it away; I cried, and was very uneasy; then he said, if I would not make a disturbance, and would stay till eight o'clock, he would help me to it again; I said till eight; he went away, and said he would fetch it, and left his fire-arms in the box; he was gone a full half hour; after he came, there came five or six soldiers with fire-arms, and he went away, and another was left there; the other soldier told me, my bundle was in the other centinel-box; I went there and saw it, they would not let me have it; then I went back to the other soldier, then the prisoner came there; he took me to the bundle, and took that, and led me away; I trembled very much; he asked me several times what the d - l was the matter with me; he led me just by the Canal into a dirty place, and threw the bundle down, and spread them about, and used me very ill, and said, if I offered to cry out he would throw me in. I picked up my bundle as well as I could in my apron, then he had me to the house of a chairman; I there looked in my bundle to see what was lost, the things mentioned in the indictment were missing; I lay at that house all night; the next morning the chairman and I went and told the officer what had happened; he sent for all that were upon duty that night, and I told him the prisoner was the man; he was carried before a magistrate and committed; he said he found the things; the next morning I got my cloak, stockings, and apron again, but the handkerchief and money I never saw since.

Thomas Page . I live in the house where the prisoner is quartered; last Saturday morning, about eight o'clock, I found a cloak, a white apron, and a pair of blue stockings, in a corner-cupboard in his room; when I brought them down, they told me the soldier was to be examined that day before Justice Fielding, so I went and carried them there; the girl and soldier were there, and she swore to them.

James Atchinson . I keep a lodging-house; last Tuesday, about nine at night, this young woman came in, in a bad condition, all dirt and nastiness, crying; she asked for a lodging, and told us what had happened to her; the next morning I went with her to the Park; at Spring-garden gate she shewed me the centinel-box, it is within a dozen yards of the china-shop; then I came down to the Horse-guards, and enquired for the officer of the guards; I told him what had happened; he desired me to go with the serjeant, and find the man that had used the girl ill, if possible; the girl and I were desired to walk about; when the men were got together, the girl pitched upon the prisoner, and said he was the man; he was called in, and charged with it; he denied it; the officer ordered us to take him before Sir John Fielding ; he denied every thing there; Sir John committed him to Bridewell. On the Saturday Page brought the things, the girl owned them to be her property; then the prisoner said, he went back and found the apron under the tree where he had been using the girl badly, and said he found the cloak and stockings in the centinel-box that night when he went back.

Prisoner's defence.

I was at the centinel-box at Spring-garden gate that night, the girl stood crying at the china-shop; she said she had no lodging, or money to pay for one; I told her she, might come into my box if she pleased; she came in, and laid her bundle down herself; I walked about for some time, then I went into the box to her; we fell into discourse; I prevailed upon her to be concerned with her in the box; after that, the centinel at the lower gate desired I would send for a pint of purl; I asked her if she would go for it, she said she would she desired I would carry her bundle down to the other centinel-box; she came back, and said they would not let her have any purl without the money, and she had none to pay for it; upon that the centinel

sent up again; I told him I could have none without the money; it began to be eight o'clock, then the relief came; I sent my firelock up by one of the other men, and came to her, and got her bundle again; then we went down by the Canal; I laid the bundle down, she sat down by it, there we were concerned together again; after that we got up, and went through the Horse-guards; I desired her to stop, while I went to see for Peter Grieves , my comrade, that keeps a house in Orchard street; when I came back for her, she was gone; then I went back to the trees where we were, and found the cloak, apron, and old stockings; the next morning, she and the chairman came, and made a complaint, she said she had lost two guineas in a handkerchief; then I was confined in the guard-room; I sent Richard Higgins for these things, in order to deliver them up, and my landlady refused to send them unless I came myself.

Prosecutrix. He behaved very civilly to me in the centinel-box, and did not offer any such thing there, but he did use me ill near the Canal, and threatened to throw me in it if I resisted; I have not been well since, he used me very ill.

- Beazley. I am brother to Elizabeth Beazley ; she did live at Causom, servant to Lord Cadogan's keeper; I knew nothing of her coming to town, or I should have met her; I live with a cow-keeper and farmer at Camberwell; she always had a very good character.

Q. to E. Beazley. How came you to come to town?

E. Beazley. I was in another place, it was a very hard place, and I left it, and came to London, thinking my brother might recommend me to a place here.

For the prisoner.

Richard Higgins . I am a serjeant in the third regiment , the same the prisoner is in; I was at the at the lower end of Spring-gardens; the prisoner came and brought a bundle to my box, and desired me to take care of it; after that there came a well-dressed man by, and asked me why I was not doing as my brother-soldier at the other box; I said, what is that; he said, he has got a girl in his box, and is - her like hell. Soon after the relief came, I gave the other soldier charge of the bundle; I heard no more of it till nine the next morning, when the girl and chairman came to the guard-room; they said she had been robbed and ill used; the prisoner was taken up; after that, he desired me to go to his quarters, telling me there were such and such things there, and to desire the landlady to send them.

Q. Did he mention what things?

Higgins. He did not particularly say what things, but that they were wrapped up in such a place; the landlady told me, there had been one there before, and she had refused sending them, and she would not let them go till he came himself.

Peter Grieves . I was on the guard with the prisoner on Shrove Tuesday; I was relieved at eight o'clock; I went down to the suttling-house, the prisoner came in a little before nine; he had a cloak under his arm, publickly among a number of soldiers; he said, the wife he had had is gone and left her cloak behind her; he said he had been looking for me, to tell him where he could get her a lodging, but she had no money, and he had only three farthings.

Honor Perry and Walter Davidson , a serjeant, appeared, and said the prisoner had a good character.

To the prosecutrix's character.

William Stow . I live by St. James's church; Elizabeth Beazley lived twelve months with my father-in-law, Mr. Wright, the keeper at Causom; she behaved very well there.

Guilty of felony. Acquitted of the robbery . T .

James Catland.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-52
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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221. (M.) James Catland was indicted for robbing Cornelius Haffernan , on the king's highway, of four guineas , Dec. 16 .

The prosecutor was called and did not appear. Acquitted .

Thomas Pink.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-53
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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222. (L.) Thomas Pink was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of William Caslon , Esq ; Jan. 19 . ++

William Caslon , Esq; I was going down Beech-lane , Jan. 19, about twelve o'clock, towards Barbican, I felt my handkerchief go from my pocket; I turned round, and took it upon the prisoner, who was close by me.

Prisoner's defence.

I picked the handkerchief up in Chiswell-street, there was no body near it; I was looking at it, the gentleman said it was his; I am a weaver by trade.

Guilty . W .

Anne Berry, David Johnson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-54
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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223. (M.) Anne Berry , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. a silver watch chain, value 4 s. and a silver seal, value 2 s. the property of Henry Ratman ; and David Johnson for receiving the chain, part of the said goods, well knowing it to have been stolen , Jan. 16 . ++

Henry Ratman . I am a Hamburgher ; on the 16th of January I was going on board a ship, and was decoyed into a house at Saltpetre-bank by

another woman; she asked me for a dram; I gave her 6 d. to get a dram; there were women came about me, one sat on my knee, and got half a guinea and 5 s. out of my pocket; the woman at the bar asked me what it was o'clock; I took my watch out, and had it in my hand; she said it is a very fine chain, and got hold of it; she snatched the watch from me, and ran down stairs; I followed her; then Johnson appeared, and called me dirty fellow, and bid me go about my business, or he would murder me, and kicked and cuffed me about, and drove me out of the house.

Mr. Brathwaite. I am a watchmaker; the prisoner Johnson came to my house, he threw the watch chain down upon the counter, and asked me if it was silver, this was on Monday the 18th; he told me he had it in change of a Dutchman for other goods, buckles, buttons, and razors, (I had sold it to the prosecutor a little before;) I bought it of the prisoner; the prosecutor having told me it had broke three or four times, made me think Johnson's account true.

George Cornfoot . I live on Saltpetre-bank, and am an officer of Whitechapel parish; I had a warrant to take up the woman at the bar; Johnson said it would be better for me not to take her; he and she lived together.

Berry's defence.

I never saw the prosecutor till before the bench of Justices.

Johnson's defence.

I have a couple of beds, and I lett lodgings; I go out every day with goods to sell upon the river ; coming home one day I heard a noise in my house, they told me there was a man up stairs making a disturbance; I went up, there was this Dutchman; he said to me, where is my watch: I said I do not know, where did you lose it; he said in this house; I said I will go any where with you to see for it; he came down; I saw the woman below with a watch in her hand; I clapped hold of the chain, she ran away with the watch; I kept the chain, I heard no more of it till I came to Mr. Brathwaite.

Isaac Slater , Jacob Nuttey , and Elizabeth his wife, said they never knew any ill of the prisoners, and that Berry went for Johnson's wife.

Berry Guilty . T .

Johnson Guilty . T. 14 .

Sarah Eves.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-55
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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224. (M) Sarah, wife of George Eves , was indicted for stealing 44 halfpence , the property of Joseph Hornby , Jan. 25 . ++

Joseph Hornby . I am a baker , and live in St. John's-street ; the prisoner and her husband have lodged at my house some time: one Friday I was below in my bakehouse, I heard a walking above stairs; I ran up to see if the batch was shut, it was; in going down I looked through a crack, and saw the prisoner behind my counter; I ran up stairs to see what she was about, and just as I got up I heard her, as I thought, lock my till; I came up on the outside the shop; when I came into the shop, shew as coming away from behind the counter; I took no notice then, because there was no money in the till that I could positively swear to; I told my wife I thought I had found the thief; we having lost money many times, I went to Isaac Botare , a watch-maker, and told him of it; he advised me to bring some money to him, and he would mark them; he marked some halfpence with two dots upon the edge, in the presence of my apprentice and journeyman; when I came home I examined them all one by one, before I put them in the till; I put in seven shillings worth of halfpence marked, and eighteen halfpence unmarked; I locked my till, and locked the key in my bureau. On the Sunday morning, a little before nine, my man was drawing the bread, I heard the prisoner come down stairs, I knew her by her foot; I desired my man to get on the cellar-stairs, and look through the crack; after some time he called to me, run up, run up, you may catch her at it; I went to go up, and was so terrified I could not; she met me on the stairs, and asked me for some water; after she had some, and was gone up, my brother said, why did you not lay hold of her, I heard her lock the till again; she came down again soon, and asked me for change for a shilling; I gave her 6 d. in silver, and the rest in halfpence, most of them sandy ones; when she was gone up again, I called my brother; then I went and unlocked the till, and told the money; there was 2 s. and one penny gone in halfpence, twenty-two pence of it in halfpence marked; then I thought I might get myself in trouble if I took her up, and she had none about her; on the Monday morning she came down, and said, Mr. Hornby, are your rolls baked; I said, go down stairs, I shall draw directly; she said she could not stay, she would send down for some; in a few minutes she sent her little boy down, I served him with three, he gave me the money; I said to the girl that was standing by me, do you look at this money before I put it in my pocket; there were two of the three halfpence marked; I got a constable, and we got a warrant and took her up; she turned out her pocket, and said, can you swear to halfpence; I said I could to them that were

marked; there were five of them marked (the marked halfpence produced in court;) we used to keep two keys to this till, I one and my wife another; my wife's key has been lost six months.

Q. How long has the prisoner lodged in your house?

Hornby. She has lodged in my house three years come August next.

Richard Hornby his brother gave in evidence to the some purport.

Isaac Botare deposed to the marking of seven shillings worth of halfpence with a prick punch, and that the halfpence produced in the court were part of the same.

John Hopkins . I am servant to the prosecutor, I went and saw him look into the till after his brother had alarmed him; there were two shillings and a penny gone out of the money.

Anne Hornby . I am wife to the prosecutor; I lost my key to the till, it dropped out of the child's hands in the next room to the prisoner's; I thought it might go down in a crack, I never got sight of it since.

Prisoner's defence.

One Saturday night I had a quartern loaf, he gave me a groat out of a shilling; and on the Sunday morning I had a pint of oatmeal, and gave him a shilling; he gave me fourpence halfpenny and six-pence out of it; I was not at the till, I am as innocent as the child unborn.

To her character.

Mrs. Field. I have been acquainted with the prisoner ten years, she has an extraordinary good character.

Mrs. Ives. I have known her about two years, her husband is a cooper; I always looked upon her to be an honest, industrious, sober woman.

Elizabeth Cookney . She was my next door neighbour, a very sober honest woman.

Elizabeth Coxens . I have known her above two years, I never heard to the contrary but that she was a very honest industrious woman.

George Bird . I have known her upwards of two years, she is a very honest woman.

Catherine Harriot . I have known her between four and five years, she has a very good character; I have heard Mr. and Mrs. Hornby say, there never was an honester woman came into a house.

Joseph Cookney . I have known her between seven and eight years; she is a sober industrious woman.

Patrick Colley . I have known her about sixteen years; her general character is very good.

John Barnes . I have known her near twelve months; I enquired her character when she nursed a child of mine, it was as good as a woman could have.

Mrs. Dormer. I have known her eight years, I never heard a woman bear a better character.

Mrs. Richardson. I have known her four months, she has a good character.

Arthur Barnadeston . I have known her twelve years, I never heard to the contrary but that she was very honest.

Guilty . B .

Charles Knight.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-56

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225. (M.) Charles Knight was indicted for stealing a pair of men's silk hose, value 3 s. and two cotton handkerchiefs, value 12 d. the property of Alexander Lackey , Feb. 1 . ++

Alexander Lackey . I am a hosier , and live in St. Martin's court . On Monday the 1st of February about six in the evening, I was backwards drinking tea; I came out into the shop and saw Bridget Johnson in the court, she told me there was a young man run up the court from my door; I went up and found the prisoner in Cecil-court, which communicates with the other court by a narrow passage; I taxed him with having robbed my show-glass, and brought him back; coming up the narrow passage I heard something fall, I stopped and picked up a pair of stockings; I brought the prisoner to the shop-door, the young woman said she was very sure she saw him take something out of the glass. We took him before Sir John Fielding ; he was committed for further examination. On the Wednesday morning we were again before Sir John; I swore to the stockings which I missed out of the glass; I missed also two cotton handkerchiefs which I did not find.

Bridget Johnson . I saw the prisoner take something out of the prosecutor's show-glass, I did not see what things they were; then he went down the court; I called to the prosecutor, who went after him, and brought him back in about two minutes.

Prisoner's defence.

I was never no nearer the prosecutor's shop than the place where he took hold of me; I was just come from Hyde Park-corner, and was going to Clare-market; I am a plaisterer .

Guilty . T .

William Roberts.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-57
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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226. (M.) William Roberts was indicted for stealing two brass candlesticks, value 4 s. the property of William Fennell , Feb. 12 . ++

William Fennell . I keep a public-house on Saffron-hill ; I was in bed at the time the candlesticks were taken; all I can say is they are my property.

Alice Morgan . I am servant to Mr. Fennell. On the 12th of this instant between eight and nine in the morning, the prisoner went into the kitchen pretending for the news-paper; I saw something bulky under his coat, I looked and missed a pair of brass candlesticks from the shelf; the prisoner made towards the door; I called my young master, who with assistance went and brought him into the tap-room, and the candlesticks were taken out of his pocket, (produced and deposed to;) the prisoner said he did it through poverty.

John Glover . I am an officer, I had the prisoner in custody; when we were going to Justice Girdler, I asked him how he came to take the candlesticks; he owned he was guilty of it, and that it was necessity that caused him to do it.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been ill a long time in Essex of the ague and fever.

Guilty 10 d. T .

Joseph Smith.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-58

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227. (M) Joseph Smith was indicted for that he, with a certain offensive weapon called a tinder-box pistol, made an assault on William Bewley on the king's highway, with a felonious intent the money of the said William to steal, &c . February 13 . ++

William Bewley . I was coming towards Hackney, and when I was betwixt Lea-bridge turnpike and Clapton turnpike , the prisoner met me; he demanded my money, saying I was a dead man if I did not deliver, and produced a pistol tinder-box, and held it to me as if it had been a pistol; I told him I was a poor man and had nothing for him, and away I ran from him, and he after me; I got the heels of him; I met with the watchman, and described the prisoner's cap he had on, and his person; they took him; he was searched, and the pistol tinder-box found upon him, (produced in court.)

John Cope . I was with the watch when the prisoner was taken, about ten minutes before eleven at night, on the 13th of February; the prosecutor described him about ten minutes before nine; when the watchman met him, he asked him where he came from; he said, no where; he asked him where he was going; he said, no where; we took a great stick from him and secured him; we found this pistol tinder-box upon him; as we were taking him to the cage, he said, they can't hang me, I wish they may transport me.

Prisoner's defence.

I never was within five yards of the man, I did not demand any money.

Guilty . T .

Anne Martin, Anne Kelly.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-59
VerdictNot Guilty

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228, 229. (M.) Anne Martin and Anne Kelly , spinsters , were indicted for stealing a leather pocket, value 6 d. six guineas, two half guineas, and 2 s. in money numbered , the property of William Bignell , Jan. 15 . ++

William Bignell . I am servant to Mr. Hankin, a carrier at Sandridge in Hertfordshire. On the 15th of January I met the two prisoners in Shoreditch , they enticed me into Kelly's house and up stairs; they asked me for something to drink, I gave them 6 d. to get half a pint of gin; we sat down on the side of the bed, Martin on my left-hand, the other on my right; I had six guineas, two half guineas, and 2 s. in a purse in my left-hand breeches pocket, and my pocket-book in my right-hand frock pocket; we had not been in the room but about four minutes, before Martin took my pocket-book, and Kelly my purse with my money.

Q. Are you sure they took them?

Bignell. I am sure I saw the book and purse in their hands; they ran down stairs, I went to run after them; there stood another woman behind the door (which I had not seen before,) she hindered me by shutting the door, and she pushed me about that I could not get out quick enough; they got off; I took up Martin the next day, she denied it before the Justice; I took up Kelly the Monday following, she owned she had some of the money, but did not take it out of my pocket.

Q. from Martin. Who picked you up?

Bignell. Kelly did.

Q. from Martin. How many persons were in the room?

Bignell. I saw only the two prisoners till I found the other behind the door.

Q. Which went for the gin?

Bignell. Martin did.

Q. How long was she gone?

Bignell. She was not gone above a minute.

Q. Are you sure that third person did not take your money?

Bignell. I am sure nobody was near me to touch me but the two prisoners.

Samuel Cherry . I am an officer, I served the warrant; I took Anne Martin up about four in the afternoon the next day; she denied knowing any thing of the robbery; she was committed to New Prison; she begged of me to take her to the Coach and Horses, I did; there were several of her acquaintances, they desired her to tell what she knew; then she owned that there was a man concerned, and said Kelly took the money out of the prosecutor's

pocket. I went and took Kelly up in the Back lane; she said she knew nothing about the pocket-book; coming along she said there was a fellow that belonged to Anne Martin , received some of the money, and she owned that she herself had given part of the money to a man, three guineas and half a crown.

Q. Did she say she took it?

Cherry. No, he did not.

Martin's defence.

I know nothing of the money, nor the book neither; this man came up into a two pair of stairs room, I live in the one pair; he sent for half pint of gin, I was called to fetch it; there were three women there, two on the bed with him, and one set on the bed-side; about half an hour after that, he came down stairs, and broke into my room, and said he had lost eighteen guineas; then he went down stairs, and said there he had lost 20 l. and that he would transport or hang whoever had it; he soon came back again to my room, and said, you are the person that robbed me, for you fetched the gin; I said , look at me; he did; then he said, no, I was not the girl. About ten o'clock a clerk at the inn came and said, a man had been robbed of nine guineas and a pocket-book; then the prosecutor came again, and said he could not swear to any body, but said he lost his money in that house; the next day he came and searched the house; when he got into the two pair of stairs room, he said that was the room he was robbed in; I came home from my labour, and was told, the man was there to take me up; I went to him, and said, I am Anne Martin ; first he said I took his money, then he said another took it; then he said, if I would not tell him who took it, he would take my life away; they carried me to New Prison; I had no money to support me; they came seven times to New Prison, and three to Newgate, and told me, if we would give the man three guineas each, they would not appear against me, but acquit us both, and if not, they would cast us; after that, they said, if we would raise a guinea and a half between us, they would not prosecute us.

Kelly's defence.

I never saw the man till he came and took me up.

To Martin's character.

Patient Hankey. I have known Martin about sixteen years, she works very hard for her bread in winding of silk ; she worked for me, on and off, for nine years, till within this three months.

Sarah Colwell . I have employed Martin to wind silk for me, she bore a very good character.

Both Acquitted .

Richard Richardson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-60

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230. (M.) Richard Richardson was indicted for stealing a cloth sailor's jacket, value 12 s. and one sailor's serge jacket, value 1 s. the property of John Anderson , Feb. 22 . ++

John Anderson . I am boatswain of the ship Gibbons, the prisoner belonged to her , we were bound to Barbadoes; last Monday I missed a cloth jacket, and a large jacket, out of the ship; the prisoner left the ship the day before; I took him up upon suspicion, and carried him before the bench of Justices; there he confessed he took and sold them to a person on board another ship that lay off Wapping Old stairs.

Joshua Taylor and Richard Hodge , both deposed to the bearing the prisoner confess be stole the two jackets.

Prisoner's defence.

I saw two jackets lying between decks, I took and put them in the cable-tier; I thought they belonged to somebody that had been doing business there, and had left them, so I took them on shore and sold them.

Guilty . T .

Daniel Banks.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-61
VerdictNot Guilty

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231. (L.) Daniel Banks was indicted (together with William Clarkson not taken) for stealing two wooden firkins, value 6 d. and one hundred pounds weight of butter, value 3 l. the property of John Bridge the elder, and John Bridge the younger, Jan. 2 . ++

John Bridge the elder. I am a cheesemonger , in partnership with my son John Bridge, we live at Aldgate : on the 2d of January, being very busy in making up goods to go abroad, we let them stand on the outside the door, from thence we lost two firkins of butter; we did not miss them till it was dark; I was sent for to Sir John Fielding , I do not know the exact time, it was about a fortnight ago; there were two or three boys there, one of them was the prisoner at the bar; I never found my butter again.

James Brebrook . I took up the prisoner, and four or five more boys, about some cottons, and other different felonies; I had them before Sir John Fielding , there M'Namara was admitted an evidence; the boy at the bar was accused, Sir John desired me to call upon Mr. Bridge, which I did; I took him with me to the house of one Haseldine, where M'Namara said they sold the butter; there we found an empty firkin, which Mr. Bridge said he believed to be one of the tubs he lost, but he would not swear to it (produced in court.)

Prosecutor. This tub has the marks on it as they all had on them; there were 43 in number, but

I had not all the dairy; this may not be one of them I had, so I do not swear to it.

Richard Smith . I know no more than what Mr. Brebrook has said, I was with him at the finding this tub.

John M'Namara . I was along with the prisoner and another lad that is not taken; we took this butter just by Aldgate church, one Saturday night, it was standing at a door; I took one, and the lad that is not taken took the other; I gave mine to the prisoner to carry, and after that I took it again; we carried them to Mr. Haseldine's house, and sold them to him for a guinea; we shared the money, the prisoner had part of it.

Q. to prosecutor. What was the butter worth?

Prosecutor. It was worth about 3 l.

Acquitted .

Henry Williams.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-62

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232. (M.) Henry Williams was indicted for stealing one shilling and 44 farthings , the property of Mary Woodward , widow , Feb. 6 . ++

Mary Woodward . I keep a chandler's shop in Cross-street, Hatton-garden ; I never saw the prisoner in my life to my knowledge, till I saw him in my shop; I had gone out of my shop into a parlour even with it, between eleven and twelve in the day, on the 6th of this instant February; at my return the prisoner was behind my counter, the till was not locked, there were a great many halfpence in it; I said, sirrah, what do you do there, I had no power to lay hold of him; I saw my till open, I had let him go out at the door; I called stop thief; two lads took him in Hatton-garden; I missed a shilling and a 6 d. I had a quantity of farthings in the till, how many I do not know; there were eight-pence three farthings in farthings found upon him; he owned he had throwed the bag away that the farthings were in, that could not be found; when before Justice Girdler he owned he throwed that away, and a cracked six-pence, that it should not betray him; there were two Holland doits that I had carried in my pocket among the farthings, them I swore to.

George Runkin . I am a perriwig-marker, I live facing Mrs. Woodward's; I went over to her shop, the boy at the bar produced the farthings; I counted thirty-five of them and a shilling; she charged him with taking them from her till, which then was open; he did not deny it, but owned he had taken them; he told me, if I would let him go, he would show me where he had throwed the purse or bag.

John Clean . I am a constable, I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner; there was some money lay on the counter; the prisoner said that was all the money he had, that was 1 s. 8 d. three farthings.

Prisoner's defence.

As I was going along the street they took me up; I am but twelve years of age.

Guilty . T .

Christopher Stolman.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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233. (L.) Christopher Stolman was indicted for ripping, cutting, and stealing a leaden water-pipe fixed to the dwelling house, of John Tipp , the property of John Mico , Feb. 15 . ++

Benjamin Hertford . I am servant to Mr. Tipp, a baker in Fenchurch-street . On the 15th of this instant I was at work in the bake-house, I heard a great noise upon the leads about eleven at night; I went out, but saw nobody; I said aloud, if they did not desist I should soon make them; I went to my business, and about a quarter past twelve I went out and called the watchman; he and I went into the building, I could not find any body in the bottom part; we struck the ladder, then if any body was above they were very secure; then we went up on the inside of my master's house, and got out upon a two story scaffold, there we took the prisoner at the bar; I asked him what he did there; he said he got up there to sleep; after that he said he was in liquor, and came into the building with a woman, and she had left him, so he got up the ladder; he had only a bit of a file upon him; the next morning we missed 13 or 14 feet of lead from the back part of my master's house.

George Hughes . I am a watchman, I was with the other evidence; we found the prisoner two story high; he strove to make his escape at the corner of Fenchurch-street, when we were taking him before my Lord Mayor.

Q. to Hertford. Whose property was that lead?

Hertford. That belonged to one Mr. Mico.

Q. Where is your master?

Hertford. He is laid up with the gout.

Acq .

John Wall, Michael Carroll.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-64
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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234, 235. (L.) John Wall and Michael Carroll were indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 8 d. the property of Roger Redman , Jan. 21 . ++

Roger Redman . On the 21st of January, betwixt six and seven in the evening, I was opposite Cree-church, going into Whitechapel , a gentleman ran after me, and said there were two or three young dogs had picked my pocket; I turned back, he shewed me three boys; he pointed to Carroll, and said that was he that picked your pocket, and gave it to the other; we took the two prisoners; the handkerchief was not found.

Bernard Stears . I live in Fenchurch-street. Coming along Leadenhall-street, I saw Carroll pick Mr. Redman's pocket of his handkerchief, and gave it to Wall, there were three of them; I went quick after Mr. Redman, and told him; he turned, and came after me; I stopped them all three, and searched them, there was nothing found.

Wall's defence.

I never saw nothing of the handkerchief; my father is a taylor.

Carroll's defence.

I never saw it; my father is a bricklayer, and my mother sells greens; I am going into eleven years of age.

Both guilty . W .

Anne Robinson, Sophia Revell.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-65
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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236, 237. (L.) Anne Robinson , otherwise Anne Cole , and Sophia Revell , spinsters , were indicted for stealing 23 guineas, 5 half guineas, and 9 s. in money numbered, the property of Dorothy Foulkes , in the dwelling-house of Samuel Cherry , January 14 . ++

Dorothy Foulkes . I had been come out of the country but betwixt three weeks and a month; I lodged in Philip-lane, Aldermanbury , at my uncle's, named Samuel Cherry ; the two prisoners went for mistress and maid; I lodged in a two pair of stairs room, they lodged in the same house; there was (I think) 27 l. 17 s. 6 d. locked up in my box; the last money I had out of it was a half-crown piece, five weeks ago last Monday, it was safe then; I missed it the Thursday after, between five and six in the evening; the prisoners went out of town that day, about one in the day; they said they were going into the country, and said they would be back the Monday following; they did not come back till the Tuesday, when I missed my money, I found it locked as usual.

Q. How many guineas were there of the money?

D. Foulkes. I cannot justly say, I know it was in gold and silver; I had been working for it fourteen years a servant in the country, thinking to get me some good clothes here, to go into a good service in town; I know there were guineas, half guineas, a crown-piece, and a half crown. I suspected Revell the maid. Two or three days before she had no money, she borrowed 6 d. of me, and was obliged to borrow some halfpence of another lodger in the next room, to buy some coals; but when they returned, they flash'd away; they had got new things, they got gowns out of pawn, and they had got a watch; we got a constable, and took them up; they were searched, they had no money; they were carried to goal that night, the maid denied it; the mistress said she believed the maid had the money out of my box; the next day they were taken before my Lord Mayor, there the maid confessed she had taken the money out of my box; that she owed several debts, and had paid them all, and had bought her mistress that gown she had on; she said, when she brought the

money down she gave it to her mistress, and her mistress parted it between them.

Q. Did her mistress hear all this?

D. Foulkes. She was by, and heard it all.

Q. What did the mistress say to it?

D. Foulkes. She denied it.

Q. How did she say she came to do it?

D. Foulkes. I had just bought a new hat, and she said she desired me to let her mistress look at it; I went up and unlocked my box, and took the hat and carried it down to her mistress to see it, to have such a one; (this was all true;) the maid went down with me; she said she went up again, and took the money.

Q. Did you lock the box after you took it out?

D. Foulkes. I cannot say whether I did or not; I brought it up again after the mistress had looked at it, and put it in the box, and locked it up.

Q. Did the mistress own she gave the maid orders to fetch it.

D. Foulkes. No, she denied that, or that she had any hand in it.

Q. Did you get any of your money again?

D. Foulkes. No, I never got a farthing again.

Cross examination.

Q. Is there any lock to your room-door?

D. Foulkes. No, there is none that will lock.

Q. How was your money, in any thing, or loose?

D. Foulkes. It was sewed up in a piece of new leather, and put into a linen purse, and sewed in, and that was put down in a nook of the box.

Martha Cherry . Mrs. Robinson came with the other prisoner, and called her her maid, and took a lodging of me, she went for a captain's window; they lodged with me between two and three months; they nor only robbed my niece, but they robbed their lodging; the maid had borrowed money on the Monday, and on the Tuesday in the afternoon, after they came home, we saw them in good new clothes they never appeared in before while in my house; the maid had a linen gown, and the mistress a linen one and a bed-gown; I had just before been dunning the mistress for money she owed me at this time; they were in my debt 3 l. or thereabouts; I had seen my kinswoman's money, there were guineas and half guineas, and some silver, but a little silver; it was in a bit of new leather, sewed up in a bit of an old sheet; she had cut a little hole in it, just to take out what she wanted.

Q. What day did they go away?

M. Cherry. They went out on the Thursday in the forenoon, they went out of the shop as if they had been frightened; Mrs. Robinson hold down her head as she went out, and seemed confused; she had stepped back, and told my servant she should be back on the Monday following; after that my niece went up for money to buy her a gown, and came down and said she missed all her money; then we went to Justice Fielding, and put them in an advertisement; on the Tuesday about ten o'clock they came home, they were going up into their room; I asked them where the money was that they had robbed my niece of; Revell the maid was very impudent, they both denied it at first; they said they had been in the country to see the maid's father, and they imagined we had been robbed while they were gone, and then we wanted to lay it upon them; we asked them where they had the money from, which they bought the watch and things with, and to fetch their things from Mr. Flude's, a pawnbroker; Revell said it was nothing to me where she had the money; we sent for a constable; the maid was very saucy, and said she would not go to the Compter without a coach; she bid the constable shew his authority; he shewed it, and took her to the Compter; after she was gone, I talked very closely to the mistress; then she told me she believed the maid had the money out of my niece's box; I asked her, if she had not gone halves in it; she said she had had some of the money, but did not say how much; after that my husband came home, and took her to the other Compter; the next day they were both taken before my Lord Mayor, but before they went there, I went to the mistress, and told her, I hoped she would say the truth; she said she would; she believed her maid had the money out of the box, and that she should say before my Lord Mayor; then I went to the servant, and said, your mistress says you had the money out of the box; she said, how can my mistress be so base to confess that I took the money, when at the same time she got some keys for me to fit the lock, and that my mistress contrived another way to get the money; that we contrived that mistress was to want to see Dolly's hat, that we might make one like it; I was to ask Dolly for it; that I should go up stairs with her to talk to her, that she should forget to lock her box; that I came down with Dolly to my mistress, and my mistress kept her in discourse, while I went up and took the money; and then as soon as I came down, mistress and I went out, and parted the money; I asked her if she counted it; she said no; then they were called in

before my Lord Mayor; there I heard her repeat the same, and the mistress acknowledge the gown she had on was bought with some of the money, and also a gown and petticoat the maid had on was bought with part of the money, and that she herself had part of the money: I understood the maid had been up stairs with my niece several times, and had looked in her box, when my niece took things out.

Cross examination.

Q. Where was this conversation?

M. Cherry. This was in the Mansion-house.

Q. Who besides you heard it?

M. Cher ry. The constable and another witness, and my niece were present.

Q. Did not she deny knowing any thing of the robbery?

M. Cherry. No, she did not; but said she never saw the box, and never was near it.

Q. Did you not advise the mistress to make her escape?

M. Cherry. No, I never did; she offered several times to give ten guineas to make it up, but I would not agree to it.

Q. Did you not go after her friends about it?

M. Cherry. No, I did not, but they came to me several times.

Q. Was not your debt of 3 l. paid?

M. Cherry. No, it never was.

Samuel Cherry . I am husband to the last witness; my niece going to fetch some money down on the Thursday, in a trifle of time after the prisoners were gone, the maid left word with my servant they were gone into the country till the Monday following; upon the money being missing we suspected them; by enquiring, found they had changed gold in several places; when they came in on the Tuesday evening about ten o'clock, we took them up and sent for a constable, and gave him charge of them, they having robbed their ready furnished lodgings of a table-spoon, a sheet, and other things, and upon suspicion of having robbed my niece of her money; the constable and I went with the servant to Wood-street Compter; there the servant told me if I would forgive her, she would tell me the whole truth, and went on her knees, but I would not admit of it.

Q. What answer did you make her?

Cherry. My answer was, it was not in my power, if the law will forgive you I am content, I shall go no farther than that; when we came back, the mistress would fain have staid in the house all night; we being told that she said she believed the maid had the money out of my niece's box, and that she had share of it; we took her to the Compter; when we came to the Mansion-house the next day, I heard the conversation between the maid and my wife; my wife has told it as it really was.

Q. Were the maid and mistress together at that time?

Cherry. They were in the same room, but I believe they could not hear one another; the maid said the mistress had furnished her with keys, and teazed her, and would not let her rest till she had done it; they had change of raiment which I never saw before.

Q. What are you?

Cherry. I am a ticket-porter, I live at No 7 in Philip-lane, near London-wall.

Q. Were there any promises made to either of them?

Cherry. No, there were none at all as I know of.

Q. to Mrs. Cherry. What say you to that question?

M. Cherry. I told them both if they would let us know the truth, I would forgive them as far as in my power.

Dorothy Rainsford . I lodge in the next room to that which the young woman lodged that lost her money; I was in my room, and heard the maid ask for the hat, and saw the young woman give it her out of her box, and saw them both go down with it, and while the young woman was trying the hat upon the mistress's head, I heard somebody come up stairs and go into the room where the young woman's box was, but I did not go to see who it was; I have several times before thought I heard the young woman, I mean the prisoner in her room; I have opened my door, and seen Revell there looking over things upon the table by her box. One night the maid was in my room and pulled out a great bunch of keys (as my key was missing) and unlocked my box with one; she said there were keys there that would unlock any lock in England; she came up to me, I think it was the day before they went into the country, and asked me to lend her a groat; after that she came up and paid me the groat, I saw more money in her hand; she then said she was going into the country; she said her mistress had 50 l. a year salary, and was going to receive it; they were very deplorable before that, she had hardly any thing to cover her; and so was the mistress in as bad a condition, she had hardly a hat or shoes to her

feet, a day or two before they went into the country, and when they came again they flashed away with all new things; the maid had a ring on her finger, new silver buckles, and I saw a ribbon fixed to the bed's-head to hang the watch to; I opened the door for them when they came, and I received the bundle of clothes from them, and I went and got change for a 5 s. 3 d. piece for them to pay the coachman; Mrs. Cherry came down stairs and said they must not go up, for they had robbed her; the maid was very saucy; the mistress said Sophia had received 30 l. of her father to go down into the country, as she said the maid had told her; I heard them both confess they had the money; the maid and the young woman that has been robbed lay together, and she said she pulled the bed from the wall that the maid's pocket might fall down, that they might get the key; she said her mistress would never let her be at peace till she got the money; that she said, you know I want money, and money I will have, you must get the money, I want things; the maid said, she did not care to do it, and the mistress answered, there is no more sin in it than to eat her own breakfast.

Q. Was this in the hearing of the mistress?

D. Ransford. It was.

Cross examination.

Q. What are you?

D. Ransford. My husband is a butcher.

Samuel Sherwin . I am the constable, I was ordered to search the prisoners; they had a woman's hat box, muslin caps, ruffles, a fan, necklace, things very good; the mistress pulled out about half a guinea, and the maid about two or 3 s. then I ordered the women to take them to some part of the house and search them; they did so, and said they could find nothing; I heard the maid confess before my Lord Mayor, that the mistress put her upon taking the money out of the box, and she did take it; and I heard the mistress say she believed the maid had the money out of the box, and owned she had part of it.

Robinson's defence.

I know nothing at all of it; what they say of me is all very false; I went out of town to see a friend to Cogshall in Essex; they have every one taken a false oath.

To her character.

Robert Lackland . I am a baker, and live in Rosemary-lane; I have known Robinson almost ten years, I believe she is not much above 20 years of age; she has a very good character; I never heard a word in the world against her, and I never conceived any ill of her.

Q. What way of life has she been in?

Lackland. She used to live with her father and mother till within about two years, then she went to service as far as I know.

Q. Was she ever married?

Lackland. I have heard she was married, she went for a married woman.

Q. What is her father?

Lackland. He is a shoemaker in Peter's-court in Rosemary-lane.

Q. Have you seen her often within these two years?

Lackland. I have, about eight or ten times.

Q. Have you seen her within the last three months?

Lackland. I can't recollect I have.

Q. Did you know where she lodged?

Lackland. No, I never knew that.

George Cooper . I have known her ten years; she is a very good honest sort of a person.

Q. Have you seen her lately?

Cooper. I have not seen her, I believe, for six months.

Q. Was she married or single?

Cooper. I cannot tell.

Q. Can't you tell what she passed for?

Cooper. She passed for a single woman I believe.

Q. Where do you live?

Cooper. I live in Peter's-court.

John Coats . I live at the Blackmoor's-head in Cartwright-street, Rosemary-lane; I have known her about two years and a half, she bears a very good character; her parents live in pretty good credit.

Q. When did you see her last?

Coats. I have not seen her these nine months; she passed for a sober young woman when she lived with her father and mother; to the best of my knowledge she went to service once.

Revell's defence.

I am innocent, I know nothing of the affair; I never spoke twenty words to the person in my life; they are a vile set of people.

To her character.

Henry Clark . I am a weaver, and live in Hand-alley, Bishopsgate-street; I have known Revell upwards of seven years, she has been at my house an hundred times; she always bore a very good character; I never heard any harm of her before this.

Q. How long has she lived with the other woman at the bar?

Clark. I know nothing of her living with her.

Q. When did you see her last?

Clark. I saw her at her mother's house within this month last, but did not understand then where she lived; I thought she lived with her mother.

Aaron Mumford . I live in Spring-garden; I have known her some time, she has been a servant in my house about 12 or 14 months ago; I never missed any thing by her.

Arthur Walker . I live in Coverley's-fields; I have known her two years, I never heard but that she was an honest girl.

Jane Hamilton . I have known her about five years, I never knew but that she was an honest person; I saw her in the last Christmas holidays, I asked her where she lived, I think she said in Philip-lane, with a gentlewoman.

Both Guilty. Death . Recommended to mercy on account of their being young .

There was another indictment against them for robbing their ready-furnished lodging.

John Andrew Martin.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-66
VerdictNot Guilty

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238. (M.) John Andrew Martin was indicted for stealing fifteen ounces of silver, value 3 l. the property of a person or persons unknown, January 8 . ++

Mr. Sierra. I live in Staining-lane; on the 8th of January I had been out, when I came home my servant delivered this wedge of silver to me, about fifteen ounces of it; he told me a person had left it and would call again for it; I thought the person had made a mistake in bringing it to me, instead of a working silversmith; he came accordingly between six and seven, it was the prisoner at the bar; the maid said he was at the door, and desired to be introduced in the office; I examined him, having a suspicion he did not come honestly by it; I asked him many questions, among the rest I asked it was a compound of bits was melted; he said it was a compound of bits and pistereens; I told him I was not satisfied with the account he gave, because they are both standard, and bear their own value; I found he was not in any branch of the silver business, but that of a seaman; then I asked him how long it was since he had been at sea; he said he lived in Drury-lane, I thought that an odd place for a seaman to live in; upon enquiring about these bits and pistereens, he told me he brought them from Jamaica; I told him I must be better acquainted as to the manner of his getting them, before I parted with the silver; he then agreed to leave it in my hands till he brought somebody to satisfy me; he brought John Watts , who said he knew the prisoner very well, but could not inform me where he lived; I sent for Mr. Phipps, who was acquainted with Mr. Watts, he was a person that carried out notices from Goldsmiths-hall; I took a bit of paper, and took down where the prisoner said he lived, it was John Martin , at Mr. Ford's, a joiner, in the middle of Drury-lane; I enquired, but could find no such person; upon this I asked Mr. Phipps if he would go to Sir John Fielding , he said he would go; I asked the prisoner the same question, he said he would go; going along he turned short into Maiden-lane, he had walked some time; he was called to, why do you walk so fast; he did not slack his pace, but turned down Maiden-lane, there we lost fight of him; I called after him, Martin, but he was gone: upon the 2d of February he surrendered before my Lord Mayor at the Mansion-house; he was asked there, upon his examination, what that silver was, where he had it; he said it was silver he brought from Holland, and that the Jew he bought it of said it was bits and pistereens; he said he bought them in August last, but could give no account of the weight; he said he gave three guilders, and five or six stivers an ounce; he said he had no receipt for the money, neither did he know the Jew's name, of whom he bought it in Holland; my Lord Mayor thought fit to commit him to goal, and he was afterwards bailed; he had been in search for an assay-master, and he mistook it for Mr. Sierra.

Abraham Greenwood . I am clerk to Mr. Sierra; when the prisoner came for the silver, he was shewed into the office; he said then that he melted it in his room; he was asked how he melted it down, he said from experience; then he said he had never melted one down before; he was asked what was his business; he said a seafaring man; I understood he was a common sailor, I understood he was not a dealer in silver.

Prisoner's defence.

Not being a native of this country, I am afraid I shall not express myself as I should do, in order to lay the case before you; I was in Holland, there I bought this piece of silver; I brought over a parcel of ducats, to the number of 130, besides these, and a parcel of double and single reeders, which are likewise a gold coin; I brought them to the office, where I sold the ducats and reeders; Watts was by when I sold them; when I came to enquire after an assayer, I was directed by mistake to Mr. Sierra; I left it there; when I came for it in the evening the gentleman questioned me

very much about it; I told him it was sent me from Holland, and that I had followed the sea, but I would bring a man that knew me very well; I brought Mr. Watts, who knew me and my wife, but at that time was not very sober; he did not know where I lived, because I had changed my residence to Drury-lane; the gentleman was going to carry me before Sir John Fielding , and as I could not prove where I bought the silver, I could show a person that came over with me, but that gentleman was quite a stranger to me, therefore I got out of the way till I could find the gentleman, and at last I did find him, then I went and surrendered myself to my Lord Mayor; the gentleman is here.

For the prisoner.

Mr. Hiss. I am a merchant; the beginning of last August I had been at Amsterdam, the prisoner there desired he might come over with me to England; we came together to Helvoetsluys, and from thence to London, but do not know the port we landed at, but we came in a post-chaise to London.

Acquitted .

See him tried for stealing a pair of silk stockings, for which be was convicted, and afterwards received his Majesty's pardon, No 127, in Sir Robert Kite 's Mayoralty.

John Parker.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-67
VerdictNot Guilty

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239. (M.) John Parker was indicted for stealing a piece of linen cloth, containing 25 yards, value 39 s. the property of Tobias Batty , February 22 . ++

Tobias Batty . I am a journeyman-baker , I bought a piece of cloth, containing 25 yards, of Mr. Morris, a linen-draper, five weeks ago last Friday; I left it in Mr. Hall's care, a publican in Theobald's-row.

Henry Hall . I keep the Horse and Groom, Theobald's- row; the prosecutor delivered a piece of cloth to me about five weeks ago; I put it in the kitchen on the dresser, I believe it might lie there about three weeks, we did not miss it till last Saturday se'nnight; on the Tuesday after we went to Justice Welch, he persuaded me to advertise it; it was put in the paper last Wednesday; in about two hours a woman came to our neighbourhood, and said a man had bought a piece of cloth for 12 s. I went and acquainted the Justice with this; he said I must find out the person that bought it, and he would grant a warrant to take him up; I found it to be the prisoner, we took him up; he said he bought the cloth in Smithfield, and he went with us to Mrs. Green's, there we found the cloth, about 25 yards.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Hall. He is a carpenter and joiner , he works in our neighbourhood, he has used my house some time.

Joseph Morris . I am a linen-draper, I sold Tobias Batty a piece of cloth; I was at Mrs. Green's, and found a piece I believe to be the same, with my mark upon it, and the same number which I sold to Batty; I never sold a whole piece of that cloth besides, that till to-day.

Mr. Clay. Last Tuesday night, about five or six o'clock, Mr. Hall came to me, and informed me he had lost a piece of cloth from his house, and he believed he had some knowledge where it was; I went with him to the young woman, and asked her about it; she hesitated some time, and at last showed me the person, which was the prisoner at the bar; I asked him about it; he said he did buy a piece of cloth in the middle of Smithfield; I asked him where it was; he said he could fetch it soon; I desired him to give me directions; he did, to one Mrs. Green in Denmark-court; we went to Mrs. Green's room, the piece of cloth was asked for, she produced it; I desired Mr. Morris to look at it, and see if it was the same piece he sold the prosecutor; he said he believed it was the same piece; I asked Mr. Hall to look at it, to see if it was the same the prosecutor left in his care; he said he believed it was, he could almost swear to the piece of paper on the outside; then I took the prisoner to Mr. Welch; Mr. Welch desired him to produce the person he bought it of for 12 s. he said he could not.

Anne Green. I live in Denmark-court, I have known the prisoner about five years, he brought this piece of cloth for me to make him some shirts, on the 16th of February; he told me he bought it in Smithfield for 12 s. I asked him how he came to get such a bargain; he said he met a man in the middle of Smithfield, who proffered it to him for 15 s. he said to the man he did not want such cloth; the man followed him, and said, he would let him have it a bargain, and upon looking at it he told him he would give him half a guinea; then the other said he should have it for 12 s. so he bought it; he asked me what I thought it was worth; I told him I thought 2 s. a yard, and I thought the man came dishonestly by it; he said the man pressed it upon him; he desired me to measure it; I had no yard in the house, I had a yard of ribbon, and when I came to measure it with that I found It to be 24 yards and a half.

Q. to Hall. Do you know whether the prisoner had seen the cloth in your house?

Hall. I do not know that he had.

Q. to Morris. How many yards were there of that you sold the prosecutor?

Morris. I have many of the same pieces and the same number; they commonly run 25 or 26 yards, I sold the piece to the prosecutor for 49 s.

Prisoner's defence.

I bought the piece of cloth in Smithfield upon Shrove Tuesday, I do not know the man, I never saw him before, he was a stranger to me; he did not tell me the quantity, I thought there might be about 14 yards of it; I bought it in the path-way, not in a house.

To his character.

George Hewet . I am a carpenter, and live in Dean's-yard, Westminster; the prisoner worked under my direction about a year and a half; he was very sober and very careful, I believe he did not lose half a day in half a year; his general character is good.

John Crist . I am a cabinet-maker; he has worked off and on for me about four years; he has been gone from me but a month; he is a very industrious sober man.

Tho Rutherford . I was a victualler, and did live in St. Martin's-lane; I have known him two years; I always took him to be an honest young man.

William Webster . I am a carpenter; I have known him betwixt four and five years, he has worked for me three quarters of a year; he has acted with as much honour as a man could do; I never heard any ill of him in my life.

Acquitted .

Rebecca Pearce.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-68
VerdictNot Guilty

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240. (M). Rebecca Pearce , spinster , was indicted for stealing 3 moidores and 13 guineas , the money of James Collins , Jan. 18 . ++

James Collins . I am a journeyman taylor , I live in St. James's. On the 18th of January I was passing along in Parker's-lane , I met the prisoner, this was about half an hour after ten at night; I went into her room, and lay with her; I put my breeches under my head, I fell to sleep; when I awaked she was gone, and my money too; but after some search, I found my breeches under the bed; all my money was gone, 13 guineas and 3 moidores, that I had put in my fob, and sewed it in with a bit of silk.

Q. What time did you awake?

Collins. I awaked about half an hour after one; I staid there till morning, then I went to my friend, and we found the prisoner in the Strand, dressed from head to foot, and part of the money in her custody.

Q. Had you been drinking?

Collins. I had been that day at the One Tun in the Strand, with some of my shop-mates drinking from about two in the afternoon; I was not very drunk, neither was I sober.

Q. Do you generally carry so much money about you?

Collins. No, I do not, I had put the money there about two days before; I received ten guineas of Thomas Tuley , foreman to Mr. Mitchel, a taylor that I had worked with pretty near four years in Bucklersbury.

Q. Are you sure you had that money when you was with the prisoner?

Collins. I am very sure of that.

Q. What particular reason have you to know you had it at that time?

Collins. I had a 5 s. 3 d. besides some silver and halfpence in my right-hand pocket, and I know I had this money.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Collins. I never saw her before.

John Hendrey . I am a constable; the prosecutor applied to me on the 19th of February, about eight in the morning; he said he had been in a room a little below me, he had been and got the prisoner's name; he said she was called Black Bird, or something like it, and said she had robbed him of about 20 l. I went with him where I thought she used, but we did not find her that day; on the Tuesday evening I went to the White Hart in the Strand, she was there, she had other cloathing on; I searched her, and found a guinea and a half, and a moidore; I took her to the Round-house, and from thence to Justice Welch; there she said a taylor had given her the money, and that she was to be married to him the next Monday.

Q. from prisoner. At the time you lay down was there any body else in the room?

Prosecutor. No, there was one woman in the room before I lay down.

Q. Had you any liquor there?

Prosecutor. Yes, the prisoner and I drank together, but I did not drink with the other woman.

Q. What liquor did you drink there?

Prosecutor. We had two quarterns of aniseed, two pots of twopenny, and six pennyworth of ham and beef.

Prisoner's defence.

I was at the end of Parker's-lane, waiting for a young woman that was gone for sugar; this man stopped me, and said, have you ever a husband; I said no, I do not want you; said he, I will make

you a good one; I said, I should like a good one; said he, where do you live; I said, a little way down this lane; what is the name of it; I said, it is Parker's-lane, and said, I live up one pair of stairs backwards, and pay 2 s. a week for my room; said he, I'll go and lie with you; I said, you make very free the first time; said he, what will you drink; I said, a glass of gin; said he, then you must - for it; said I, if you do not like to give me more, there is the door the carpenter made; I was not for his staying, as he would give me nothing; I said, what is the meaning of this, you said you would make me a good husband; said he, if you will behave with honour, I'll give you a shilling in the morning, when I go away; said I, I am afraid to stay all night in the room, I will not trust myself to stay all night, here is such a banditti, I cannot trust a bad halfpenny in the room; if you have a mind to have a bit and away, you may; he swore by Jesus, but he would stay all night, or I'll split your scull; there came up a woman that wanted to broil a couple of sprats, I said you are welcome; said he, I wish I had some; I said I wished I had something; he said he would have some beef and ham; we had some; then he said he liked that woman better than me; he turned me out and kept her there; it is a common lodging-house, where none but thieves come; after I was out I met with a sailor, who gave me both clothes and money; if any body robbed him after I was gone, I cannot help that, I knew in my own conscience I had done no harm, I wondered what I was taken up for; there came in a constable who called me Black Bird, he took a pair of ear-rings from me, and my money, and some other things; I have been at his house in the time of his wife's illness, please to ask him my character.

Hendrey to the question. When my wife has been ill, the prisoner has come and washed the pots, and done business in the parlour; I never missed any thing by her.

Acquitted .

James Wright.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-69
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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241. (M.) James Wright was indicted, together with Edward Leicester, otherwise Ned the Weaver (not taken) for stealing 73 yards of linen cloth, value 3 l. the property of Thomas Law , privately in his shop , Feb. 20 . ++

Thomas Law . I am a linen-draper , and live in Whitechapel ; I was not at home at the time the fact was committed, I can only prove the cloth to be my property.

Anne Law . I am daughter to Mr. Law; the prisoner came into our shop with two other men, one of them we hear is called Leicester; the prisoner said they wanted to see some red handkerchiefs; I took down a piece, and shewed it them; Leicester pulled out a piece of sheeting from a bundle a little way, and then went to the door: the other man said good bye, and they nodded their heads to him; I asked the prisoner if they would do that I shewed him; they answered, no, it must be finer; I went to shew them a finer, then the other pulled the piece of sheeting out farther; I said, gentlemen, will not these do; the prisoner said, pointing to the other, I think that a prettier pattern; then I went to reach down another parcel, then Leicester took the piece of sheeting quite out, and was got half way out at the door; there was a customer in the shop laid hold of it; I came as fast as I could round the counter, and called, thief, thief, then Leicester made off; he left the piece half way out of the shop upon the ground; the prisoner was still in the shop; he was secured, and asked what account he could give of himself; he said he lived in divers places, but would give no particular account; my mother sent for a neighbour; as the door was opening, the prisoner made an attempt to get out, but he was prevented; at last he sent for what he called his mother-in law; she said she was his mother-in-law, but we found she was not; he was taken into custody.

Priscilla Vearey . I was in the shop, when the prisoner and two other men came in all together, the prisoner wanted a red handkerchief; Miss shewed him some; he did not like them; then she shewed him some others, they would not do; he wanted better; when she was going to take some down, Leicester took a piece quite from the counter; he was going out at the door, but I laid hold of it and prevented him.

Prisoner's defence.

I was at work at my father's; I came down after work, and went to buy a handkerchief; I came to the corner of Catherine-wheel alley, Whitechapel, I went in; the gentlewoman shewed me some; she asked 22 d. a piece; I asked if she had no finer; Miss Law said there was a man at the door, the evidence said that was her husband; I said, please to cut me off one at 2 s. 4 d. and I'll go directly; a stranger to me endeavoured to take a piece of linen; they said, it is gone; I turned round to take hold of the lappet of his coat, and after that they detained me, for making an attempt to rob the shop.

Francis Shirley , Hannah Car , John Grant , Robert Allen , and Mary Watson , gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

See him tried No 82, in the late Mr. Alderman Nelson's Mayoralty.

William Bear, John Aldridge, Walter Stoaks.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-70
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

242, 243, 244. (L.) William Bear , John Aldridge , and Walter Stoaks , were indicted, for that Daniel Asgood (who was tried and capitally convicted in January Sessions) did wilfully, and of malice aforethought, murder William Ridley , and they were present in aiding, assisting, comforting, and abetting him to commit the said murder , Dec. 10 . ++

Robert Newton . I did keep the Last and Sugar-loaf, Water-lane, Black-friars . On December the 10th, about twenty minutes before eleven o'clock at night, five bargemen , or lightermen , came into my house, and called for a pot of beer; they had it; they said it stunk; I cannot be particular which said that, whether the person executed, or either of these men.

Q. Are the prisoners of the five?

Newton. I cannot charge my memory with the knowledge of any one man of them, I knew Asgood that is executed; I never saw him before that night, but I saw him the day after he was apprehended, then I knew him, as well as I did the evidence that surrendered; no body contradicted them; they wrangled among themselves, and made a quarrel with one Charles Duncomb that was in the house, without any provocation, telling him, that he brought them there on purpose to breed a riot in the house.

Q. Did Duncomb come in with them?

Newton. He had been in the house most part of the evening, he had no concern with them; they drank that pot of beer, and wanted another; it was then eleven o'clock, I did not chese to draw them any more; then they asked if they might have any gin; they had a penny glass of gin each at the bar; they began to wrangle with me; the deceased called me Bougre; one said, we will pay you; then Daniel Asgood said he would pay me, and came and beat me; he struck me twice upon the ribs; they had been riotous before, and swore and blasphemed a great deal that I had sent for the constable; Charles Duncomb was knocked down with his head across the sender.

Q. Was that before or after you was struck?

Newton. That was just after I was struck; I said I would go and call the watch; I said they were welcome to go without paying, provided they would go peaceably; two of them, when they heard me say I would go and call the watch, were beating one Edward Crowther , Asgood was one of them, one on one side, the other on the other, benting him.

Q. Who is Crowther?

Newton. He was a lodger in my house; I went out to call the watch, then three of them followed me, Asgood was one of them.

Q. Had they any weapons?

Newton. I did not see any among them; the first watchman I passed was Ridley the deceased. he was going his round at eleven o'clock; I met him about 100 yards from my door, I told him to n to my house, I expected murder was or would be committed; I went farther on, still calling watch; Ridley ran on with his staff and lanthorn; then another watchmen, named Bartene, met me, I told him the same I did Ridley; I went farther on; then I returned back, with intent of going to the assistance of the watchmen, but a little on this side of my house my maid servant told me my wife was in fits; I went into the house to her (they were all gone out of my house) my wife was very ill; I did not go out; in about a quarter of an hour came William Ridley and Bartene knocking at my door, they were let in; Ridley said, I hope Mr. Newton you will see me righted, for I have been cruelly beat upon this occasion; they drank a pint of beer; he pulled up his wig, and put his little finger in his ear, and pulled out a clot of blood, and threw it on the floor, saying, see how cruelly I have been used by five men; he said they took the staff out of his hand, and beat him with it.

Q. Did he use the word they or he?

Newton. To the best of my knowledge, the expression was they.

Q. Whether he said the men, or whether he charged any particular one man?

Newton. I think he said the men, to the best of my knowledge.

Q. When did Ridley die?

Newton. This was the Thursday evening, and he died on the Saturday morning, I believe between nine and ten; I never saw him afterwards.

Edward Crowther . On the 10th of December I was a lodger in Mr. Newton's house.

Q. What are you?

Crowther. I am a shoemaker. About twenty minutes before 11 on that night, five bargemen or lightermen came into the house, I believe the three prisoners to be part of the five, they called for a

pot of beer; they drank part of it, and then complained it stank.

Q. Which of them complained?

Crowther. I do not know which; no body gave them any contradiction of any sort; Daniel Asgood began upbraiding of one Charles Duncomb , a customer that usually used the house, he was none of their company; Asgood told him, he was a deceitful man, and upon the whole he said he should like to put him on the fire and broil him; upon that Mr. Newton said, gentlemen, you behave very badly. I do not chuse to have this sort of behaviour in my house; if you behave in this insolent manner, I must certainly call for an officer; he sent his servant-maid out for one; she returned, and said he was not a home.

Q. Did the five people hear him bid her go for an officer?

Crowther. They must hear him bid her go for a constable; in the mean time Asgood got up, and struck Mr. Newton twice on the ribs; Mrs. Newton seeing that, said to me, for God's sake do stop them; I then got up; then Asgood came to me and said, are you the man that is to stop us, and struck me on my right eye, and gave me a very bad eye; they left me, and went out of the house; Mr. Newton was then out of the house, calling the watch.

Q. Did Mr. Newton say any thing at going out?

Crowther. He said, are we to be beat and murdered in our own house, and then went out; I went out of the house about 30 yards, and heard him, almost up at the watch-house, calling the watch.

Q. What became of the prisoners?

Crowther. They were ran down the alley by the house side, called the Paved-alley, it goes down to Fleet-ditch.

Q. How many of them were in the house when you was struck?

Crowther. To the best of my knowledge there were three, if not four of them, gone out of the house when I was struck; Stoaks went to the bar, and said, do not make disputes about the reckoning, I will pay the reckoning; he then came back again from the bar, and struck me.

Q. How long was this after Asgood struck you?

Crowther. This was immediately after Asgood struck me, then Newton was out of the house; Stoaks quitted the house immediately after he struck me; I went to the door, and heard them run down the alley; I went about 30 or 40 yards towards Mr. Newton, I met the two watchmen coming about 40 yards from the house, I told them they are gone down the alley; they immediately went after them, and I followed them to the top of the stairs at the bottom of the alley; the watchmen were both gone down, the barge-men were secreted under the corner of the house; I did not go down as the watchmen went down, they immediately flew out upon them, there was no light, but I could see something of them, but could not distinguish one from the other; I could not distinguish hardly any thing, only I heard a great noise at the bottom of the steps; I can only say I saw the shadow of some men, and heard the scuffle; I thought I had the glimpse of some men, I thought there were something like blows passing, and it seemed as if there were a great many men all scuffling one among another; I then returned back again to Mr. Newton's.

Q. How long might you stay on the steps?

Crowther. I suppose I might stay a minute, or rather more, I did not go down the steps; the deceased and Bartene came into the house between eleven and twelve; the deceased said, see here Mr. Newton, we have been cruelly used, and sadly beat, and I hope you will see us righted; Mr. Newton said, I will do all in my power to see you righted; Mr. Newton ordered them a pint of beer; the deceased pulled up his wig, and the blood stood in his right ear; they drank up the beer, and returned out of the house.

Q. Was any thing else said by the deceased?

Crowther. Ridley said the man had taken his staff from him, and beat him with it, that was almost as soon as he came into the house.

Q. What became of Duncomb?

Crowther. He went with me to the head of the steps.

Q. What was the reason you did not go farther?

Crowther. By reason I had been ill used enough already, and they were very powerful men, and I thought myself in danger.

Q. Did you see any body use Duncomb ill in the house?

Crowther. I saw Daniel Asgood knock him down with his head against the sender.

Q. Did any body else strike him?

Crowther. I did not see any body else strike him, Stoaks went away immediately without paying the reckoning.

John Catlin . I can say nothing against the prisoners, no farther than being in company; there were five of us went into the house of Mr. Newton, Asgood, I, and the three prisoners; we had

come from a society, and went in there to have a parting pot; the beer was found fault with.

Q. By who?

Catlin. I cannot say justly by who; I said we did not like the beer, we would have a dram a piece; there was Charles Duncomb sitting by the fire, Asgood took him up in discourse; I charged Asgood to be easy, and let it all drop; he was in a riotous manner abusing Duncomb, and swore at him, and got up and struck him; I never saw the three prisoners strike at all, I saw Asgood strike Mr. Newton, and was going out of the house without paying the reckoning; I said, no, if no body will pay the reckoning I will, and have a shilling down upon the table: in the hurlyburly betwixt Duncomb, Newton, and Asgood, I took my shilling up again; I told Duncomb I was very sorry for what was past, and would come and pay the reckoning on the morrow; I desired Asgood to be quiet and easy, I said it would be all laid upon me, I was so well known in the parish; Mr. Newton sent for the constable, the constable was not at home; then we were all for going; they all went out of the house before me; we went down the Paved-alley, they all four stopped; I went as far as the breadth of the court beyond them, going to walk along about my business.

Q. What was the occasion of their stopping?

Catlin. I cannot tell that, it might be to make water; the watch was sent for, they came down the court after them in about two minutes or less; I came back to them, Asgood drawed the staff out of the watchman's hand, and made a blow at him.

Q. Where were the three prisoners then?

Catlin. They were all together.

Q. How many watchmen came down the steps?

Catlin. I saw only Ridley the deceased.

Q. Was any thing said by Ridley, or any of the prisoners, before Asgood took the staff?

Catlin. I heard no words, I saw Asgood make a blow at Ridley, but whether it hit him or not I cannot say.

Q. Was there no light?

Catlin. There was a lanthorn, but the candle was gone out.

Q. What occasioned it to go out?

Catlin. It might be by his fall, very likely.

Q. Did you see Ridley fall?

Catlin. I saw him on the ground.

Q. Where were the prisoners then?

Catlin. We were all five together then.

Q. Were any blows struck after he was on the ground?

Catlin. No, there were not as I saw.

Q. What became of the lanthorn?

Catlin. I cannot say, the light was out when the watchman was on the ground.

Q. What became of you five after Ridley was on the ground?

Catlin. We went about our business; John Aldridge went on board his barge below bridge, he separated from us at the top of Fleet-ditch.

Q. Did you stay till the deceased got up?

Catlin. I cannot tell whether I did or not.

Q. Did any body endeavour to prevent Asgood striking Ridley?

Catlin. The prisoners might for what I know, I saw them standing by him.

Q. Was any body near you at the time?

Catlin. Thompson's wife was there, she was vastly frightened; Asgood was soul on Thompson, he had got him down on the ground; she said, for God's sake do not kill my husband; I went and took Thompson from Asgood.

Q. Was any words past at the time Ridley was knocked down?

Catlin. I heard none.

Q. How near was the watchman to you when at the bottom of the steps?

Catlin. He was at the bottom, about two or three steps from Asgood; I was walking gently home from them, we were going home about our business, I was down the steps before them.

Q. Did they stop any time?

Catlin. They did not seem to stop.

Q. Where do the steps-lead to?

Catlin. They came down towards Fleet-ditch.

Q. Was all your ways home through that Paved-alley?

Catlin. Yes.

Q. Was the blow made at Ridley before the candle was out?

Catlin. It was.

Cross examination.

Q. Had either of the prisoners any weapon in their hands?

Catlin. No, neither of them had any weapon.

Q. Was there any stop made by either of the prisoners to do any thing to the watchmen?

Catlin. No, there was not.

Q. Did you hear them mention any thing of that sort?

Catlin. No, I did not, I cannot justly tell what they might say to Asgood.

Q. Did you see either of the prisoners strike a blow at any body?

Catlin. No, I did not, neither in the house or out of the house, or mention any bad words.

Q. Was you so near them that you should have heard them if they had?

Catlin. I was.

Joseph Thompson . I live on the side of the Fleet-market, but at that time I did live near the Red Lion in Fleet-lane; I was coming from the Queen's Head, Black-friars, I went down that Paved-alley at about half an hour after eleven that night, there was nobody at the stops, but turning round on the right-hand just at the bottom of the steps, there stood five men altogether; I went to go by them, my wife followed me; Asgood, one of the five said, where are you going; I said, my friend, I'm going home; he with an oath said, I'll go with you, and struck me several blows with his fist over my head, and knocked me down two or three times; I can't say but that I was struck once or twice, or more, by one of the others; Asgood went away from me, and the other four stood over me, after they gave me some blows, for the space of a minute; then Asgood returned back with a staff in his hand, to the best of my knowledge it was a deal one, it looked white, about four feet or better long; he made a blow or two at me, I fell down to save the blow, and catched hold of the body of the staff, and Asgood to the best of my knowledge, and all of them laid hold of it, and dragged me about; I said, good gentlemen, I have done nothing to you, do not beat me no more; one of them said, don't beat him any more; then they let me go about my business, they followed me.

Q. Did Catlin strike you?

Thompson. I cannot say that, but I believe all of them strove to wrench the staff out of my hands.

Q. Did you see the deceased Ridley?

Thompson. No, I saw nothing of him, nor heard nothing of him.

Q. Did you see any staff when you came first there?

Thompson. No, I did not; the other men stood over me while Asgood went for that; they stood two on one side and two on the other.

Q. How long was Asgood gone for the staff?

Thompson. This was just at the turning at the bottom of the steps; he was gone about a minute.

Hannah Ridley . The deceased was my husband; he was led home that night by one of the watchmen; I asked him the meaning of his coming home so soon, he had a bit of a candle in his hand; he said he had been beat in a most cruel manner by five villainous fellows; I asked him where his staff and lanthorn was; he said he believed his staff had been his death; he held the candle and lifted up his wig, and shewed me his right ear running down with blood, and his right nostril; I persuaded him to come to bed and compose himself; he said he believed he was so bad he could not come to bed; with great persuasion I did with my help get him into bed; after he was laid about four or five minutes he cried out, Hannah, my head, my poor head! I begged of him to compose himself and go to sleep, saying he would be better then; in about eight or nine minutes he called upon the Lord to look down upon his poor children, and said, O Lord, was I but sit to die! and I never heard him speak a word after, nor saw him open his eyes.

Q. When did he die?

H. Ridley. He died on the Saturday morning, about half an hour after nine o'clock.

Q. Can you recollect any thing else that he said?

H. Ridley. He said he believed he had got his fatal stroke.

George Bartene . I am a watchman. On the 10th of last month, about half an hour after eleven o'clock at night, I was called to go to Mr. Newton's; Mr. Ridley went to the house, and I followed him to the door; the people were gone out of the house, we were told they were gone down the Paved-alley; Ridley went down after them, I went with him to the bottom of the first steps, there are two flights of steps, I stood upon the top of the second flight going down.

Q. How many steps may there be in the lower flight?

Bartene. I believe there may be about a dozen.

Q. Did you go no lower?

Bartene. No, I did not; Ridley went down with his lanthorn and staff in his hand, there is a lamp at the bottom.

Q. Could you as you stood see what was done at the bottom?

Bartene. I could see nobody, but I heard he was knocked down; I heard him knocked down.

Q. How do you know it was him that was knocked down?

Bartene. Because I missed him some time, and then he came to the watch-house.

Q. How long did you stay upon the steps?

Bartene. I staid on the steps about a quarter of an hour; we had lost him a good while, and I went up to the watch house to see if I could find him.

Q. Why did you not go down?

Bartene. I was afraid to go down.

Q. Tell the Court what you heard when you was upon the steps, did you hear any scuffle?

Bartene. No, I heard no scuffle.

Q. Nor nothing said?

Bartene. No, nor no words.

Q. Could you discern who was at the bottom?

Bartene. No, I could not.

Q. What do you know of what passed?

Bartene. I heard the tongues of people at the bottom all the time I stood on the steps.

Q. When did you see Ridley next?

Bartene. That was at the watch-house.

Q. What did you hear him say at the watch-house?

Bartene. He said he had been very ill used by two or three men, knocked down, and his lanthorn beat to pieces; then I went with him to Mr. Newton's.

Q. Where was your lanthorn?

Bartene. I had no lanthorn, I had only a staff; I could notice Ridley when he was at the bottom, for he was all in darkness in a minute; I believe he was knocked down as soon as he got to the bottom of the steps; he brought his lanthorn up to the watch-house, it was knocked all to pieces.

Q. Did he mention how many blows he had bad?

Bartene. No, he did not, I saw his ear full of blood?

Q. to Hannah Ridley . How was your husband as to health?

H. Ridley. He was in good health before, he ailed nothing before.

Q. What do you think was the occasion of his death?

H. Ridley. His death must most cerainly be by the blow; I saw him after he was deceased; I was at the hospital where he died, when he fetched his last breath.

Bear's defence.

Daniel Asgood was very much in liquor; he struck the blow before we knew any thing at all of the matter; it was he that made the racket and disturbance in the house.

Aldridge's defence.

I never struck a blow, nor never saw a blow struck but what Daniel Asgood struck.

Stoaks's defence.

I was making water at the time that Asgood ran from us, and took the staff out of the watchman's hand, and struck the blows.

To there characters.

John Brooks . I have known Bear fifteen years, he was servant to me about twelve months; he was a very dutiful apprentice to his father and mother; he did my business very well, and was a very good servant to me; I never heard a bad character of him in my life. I have known Stoaks as long, I never heard any ill of him, he was always peaceable and quiet. I have known Aldridge four or five years, I never heard the least ill of him.

Q. What are you?

Brooks. I served my time at Hammersmith, and I am master of three or four craft at Fulham.

Martha Newman . I have known Bear twelve years, he has worked for me five; he worked a barge for me, and has occasionally gone with my horses; I never knew him to be spiteful or quarrelsome.

George Stuff . I have known Aldridge seventeen or eighteen years; he is a very sober hard working lad, never given to quarrelling, quite the reverse.

Samuel Hurlock . I have known Bear from an infant, and Stoaks eighteen years; they are both well-behaved persons, I never knew them quarrelsome; as for Stoaks, there is never a quieter man upon the river; I have been in his company many a time betwixt here and Gravesend.

Henry Hawes . I have known Stoaks fourteen or fifteen years; he is a careful fellow, and a very good servant; they are all three of them very good servants, I never heard them riotous or quarrelsome, they always went as quiet about their business as any three men in the kingdom.

John Nicholls . I have known Stoaks nine or ten years, I have known Aldridge three or four, and I never knew any harm of them in my life; they have been peaceable men.

George Walker . Stoaks has done business for me at times this two years; I have lived in Hammersmith fourteen years, I never heard any thing bad of him or Bear; I have heard in general they are good tempered men as any in the world, I never heard of their being quarrelsome.

John Holland . Stoaks and Bear I speak to in particular, I know the other also; the characters of Stoaks and Bear from my own observation, is that of quiet men; I have seen them prevent quarrels rather than breed them; I have seen them often do it.

Thomas Noyse . I have known Bear about eleven years.

Q. What are you?

Noyse. I keep a public-house; he has prevented quarrels oftener than made quarrels; I have known him prevent them; not above six weeks or a month ago, he took the man away in his arms, and said, we'll have no quarrelling.

Robert Hurlock . I know all the three prisoners extremely well; I have known Bear eighteen years, the others ten or twelve; they are industrious, hard-working young men; I have been in company with them many times, I never saw them offend any body in my life.

Henry Smith . I have known them all three a considerable time; I work upon the river the same as they do; I never heard an angry word from any of them, nor no body give them one.

Charles Fort . I have known Bear and Stoaks several years; Bear has been a dutiful child, and Stoaks a good servant to his master; I never knew either of them quarrelsome.

Samuel Churchill . I know them all three; I never heard any harm of them in my life; they are good neighbours, civil and quiet fellows as are in all the country.

James Pond . I know them all three, I never heard of their being quarrelsome.

Q. What is your business?

Pond. I work upon the river as they do.

Isaac Manley . I know them all three, but Bear more particularly; he has a very good honest character, a sober young man; I never heard he was quarrelsome in my life, and the other two bear the same character.

John Stockwell . I have known them fourteen or fifteen years, I never knew them wrangling or quarrelsome in my life, very hard working young men.

Robert Ball . I work on the river as the prisoners do; I know them all three, they bear very good characters; I never saw them quarrelsome in my life.

William Bradshaw . I have known Bear and Stocks fourteen or fifteen years, I have been in their company several times, they were always good natured and civil.

Joseph Bradshaw . I have known Bear and Stoaks fourteen or fifteen years; they have very good characters, I never saw them disguised in liquor or quarrelsome in my life.

Thomas Harrington . Aldridge has done business for me, I never heard an ill character of him in my life.

James Trimmer . I have known Aldridge about four years; he was a dutiful son, a kind husband. a tender parent in every respect as any I know, I know him to be very sober and very honest.

Robert Bagshaw . I know Stoaks and Bear, they have very good characters; Stoaks works for me; he is a good servant as ever any body had, there never was a better servant I believe to a master; I do not know for two years there has been a shilling damage done me. Bear has helped to support his father and mother, and a family of children; they have been peaceable and orderly, that is their general characters every where.

John Thompson . I live at Brentford, I know them all three; I never saw them in liquor in my life; they are very orderly people.

All three acquitted .

Philip Blake.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-71
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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245. (M.) Philip Blake was indicted for marrying Phillis Ewen , a widow , on the 27th of July , in the second year of his present Majesty's reign, his former wife being living . ++

The Rev. Sambrook Russel produced the register-book of marriages at St. Saviour's, Southwark, in which was,

"Philip Blake and Sarah Perkins of St.

"Saviour's, Southwark, married October the 19th,


Rev. Sambrook Russel. This was before the time of my being in that parish.

Sarah Britain . My name was Sawyer; I was turned over an apprentice to the prisoner, then Sarah Perkins that was was his wife; they lived together about two or three years; he was a very bad man to her and they parted; they lived in the parish of St. Saviour's, Southwark.

Q. When did you see his wife last?

S. Britain. I saw her about five months ago; she has lived in the Borough of Southwark all her life time since I knew her; I lived with her 14 years.

Q. How old are you?

S. Britain. I am 39 years of age, I live in Kent-street.

Phillis Ewen . I was married to the prisoner at the bar at Kensington church on the 17th of July last was five years; a gentlewoman who was a stranger to me, knowing while we lived together I was extremely ill used by him, let me know he had a wife living, which by the assistance of Mr. Osbourn, my particular friend, I found out.

Prisoner's defence.

I do not know Mrs. Perkins as they call her; I am not the person that married her.

Guilty . B .

Jacob Cleaver.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-72
VerdictNot Guilty

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246. (L.) Jacob Cleaver was indicted for forging a bill of sale, with the name Matthew Maxfield there unto subscribed, and publishing the same with intention to defraud the said Matthew of the sum of 4 l . ++

Acquitted .

Benjamin Allen.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-73
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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247. (L.) Benjamin Allen was indicted for stealing forty-eight paper books, value 2 s. and two pounds weight of paper, value 4 d. the property of our Lord the King, Feb. 25. ++

William Hall . I am one of the clerks of the Excise-office; on the 24th of this instant, it was a holiday, but there was some business to be attended to in that part of the office in which I am; I was going away, having done my business, I met the prisoner in the passage; I thought he could have no business there; he turned out immediately upon my coming, and went out at the gate; I asked the porters of the office if they had ordered any thing to be taken away by any body; they said, no; I told them to lock the door: the next day, about two o'clock, I saw the man standing at the office gate, made me suspect he came for no good; I stood at the top of our stairs, where I could see him come into the passage; I saw him take this parcel of paper from some others, and run away; I pursued him into the street; I had a stick in my hand, I hit him two or three taps, then he stopped; he seemed extremely stupid, and said he did not know that he had been there (produced and deposed to;) the books are what our country-offices keep an account in; they are sent up to us, and after they have been examined they are sold as old stores.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing at all of it; I had a room in the Butcher-row, my stall is in Bell-yard; a gentleman desired me to carry a bundle for him, he said he would come again presently; I took up the bundle at Temple-Bar, Mr. Hall, ran after me, and struck me down with a stick.

For the prisoner.

Christopher York . I live in Bell-yard, Temple-bar; the prisoner keeps a stall there, and is a porter at times; I look upon him to be insane.

Anthony James . I live in Bell-yard, I have known him a year and a half, I look upon him to be an honest man; I never was in his company.

Elizabeth Milner . I have known him about two years and a half; he has been subject to fits, they have disordered him in his head very much.

William Hall. I saw the prisoner's sister this morning, she says if he is discharged she will put him immediately into Bedlam

Guilty 4 d. W .

Peter Heliott.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-74
SentenceNo Punishment > sentence respited

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248. (L.) Peter Heliott was indicted for conspiring, together with Simeon Wall , to sink a vessel, called the Felicity, on the high seas, with intention to defraud the insurers of several sums of money, to the amount of 1660 l . July 9 . ++

The prisoner being a foreigner, an interpreter was sworn.

John Haguerone . I was on board the vessel Felicity at Honfleur in France, on the 3d of June, in order to conduct the ship to Barfleur; when I came in the road of Harve the hatches were covered with tarpawlin, there was a small quantity of corn strewed about the deck; Mr. Simeon Wall came on board, upon her setting sail for England; upon her arriving at Dover I went on shore, and brought the pilot on board; while I was at the helm the captain ordered me down into the cabin, there he told me he was an undone man, that he could not appear in France or England, that his principals were bankrupts, and that Wall had brought him into the scrape; after this conversation, he told me I must help him to make a hole to sink the ship; I represented to him that was a very wicked act, and it would bring me into a bad scrape, it would make me lose all my clothes and effects, and risque my life: the captain (that is the prisoner) said, I should have all my clothes paid for, and he would give me an

hundred pounds, and a note for the payment of it; I rejected the whole of that proposal; after that he told me he had begun, I advised him to repair the damage he had done.

Q. Did he repair it?

Haguerone. I do not know whether he did or not, the ship made no water before, and after that he began to make the hole she did not make water; there was one Champion on board. I told him what had passed; we both agreed to watch the captain.

Q. Do you know whether there was a cargo on board?

Haguerone. The captain always told me there was. On that morning there was no complaint of the ship making water, till after the captain told me he had begun to make the hole; we were obliged to go to the pump; the ship made less water in the night; I imagine he had in part stopped the hole, least she should sink in the night; we were obliged to leave the vessel at about half an hour after eleven in the forenoon on the Thursday, in order to go on board an English vessel within about a cable length; when we apprehended danger, the captain was laid down on his bed, but not asleep; I went and told him he had begun his work; he said he had done nothing; he was one of the first that went out of the ship to go on board the English vessel, Champion was the last man that staid on board our ship; the ship disappeared in about three hours and a half after, whether she sunk or drove out of our sight I cannot tell.

Q. Was the ship you was on board at anchor or under sail?

Haguerone. She lay at anchor.

Q. What water was in your ship when you all left her?

Haguerone. The water was up to our middles in the bread-room, I believe the hole must have been made in the bread-room, and I believe he made it while we were under sail; we suppose it was made in the night, for we watched him in the day.

John Champion . I was at Honfleur, I was pilot or second captain; the prisoner told me it was intended to load this ship with wheat and indico for London; I offered to supervise the taking in the cargo, as it is the business of the second captain; the captain said it was not necessary, that he only went for from, but the ship would be loaded; when we came on board we found all the batches fastened up, as if the cargo had been taken in; I went on board the 3d of July, on the 9th the ship was off Margate; the captain took me down into the cabin, and put me out a glass of brandy; he said he had no heart to drink, for he was an undone man; he showed me the bill of lading, and mentioned some casks of indico and some linen, and said he had signed a bill for goods not on board; I asked him where he had signed these bills; he said it was done, and he wished the ship was sunk; I said I shall never consent to it; he threw himself down on his bed, and seemed much distressed; we were obliged soon to quit the ship.

Andrew Bezian . I made insurances of goods on board this vessel, 800 sacks of wheat, 8 casks of indico, 4 bales of linen; after I had made insurances, Wall came to me, and said, we landed in Dover in a hard gale; after that I saw a person, who said the prisoner said the ship was lost off Margate; after this Wall came and desired me to get the money ready for the insurance; after that a report prevailed upon 'Change that the ship was found, and brought into Margate; I saw the prisoner and Wall together that afternoon, but soon heard they were gone to France, and there was a protest drawn up concerning the bill of lading; these two witness refused to sign it; I was then perfectly satisfied something was very bad; I gave notice to the under-writers to meet, Wall and the captain came together to get the insurance received; (the police produced, and proved by Mr. Abraham Ogier , a notary public, and a letter produced and read, giving an account of the cargo, and the demand of the money.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty .

[No punishment. See summary.]

William Bullock, Thomas Roberts.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbert17680224-75
VerdictsNot Guilty > no evidence; Not Guilty > no evidence

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249. William Bullock was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury, (on the trial of Thomas Hiscock , for assaulting Griffiths Jones at Guildhall, December 17) in his evidence on the part of the said Hiscock .

No evidence given.

Acquitted .

250. Thomas Roberts was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury on the said trial on the part of Hiscock .

No evidence given.

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. James Gibson.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbero17680224-1

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James Gibson , Gent . who was tried in January sessions, 1766, for forging and counterfeiting an instrument or writing, purporting to be an office copy of the accomptant general's certificate, of paying into the Bank the sum of 437 l. 13 s. 7 d. being the balance of the accounts of Mr. William Hunt , the receiver of an estate in

question, in a cause depending in the court of Chancery wherein Robert Lee and Christopher D'Oyley; Esqrs; executors of Sir George Brown , Bart. are plaintiffs, and Robert Pringle and others are defendants; and for publishing such office copy, knowing the same to be forged, with intent to defraud the said William Hunt of the sum of 437 l. 13 s. 7 d. against the form of the statute in that case made and provided, that verdict was made special.

He was set to the bar, and let to know that his case had been learnedly argued before their Lordships the Judges, ten of them only being present, who were unanimous in opinion that he was guilty of the facts charged in the indictment .

[Death. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Patrick Swinney, Timothy Crawley.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbero17680224-2
SentenceDeath > executed

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Patrick Swinney and Timothy Crawley , capitally convicted in January sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 10th of February

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Gibson, Benjamin Payne.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbero17680224-3
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Gibson , capitally convicted in January sessions, 1766, and Benjamin Payne , capitally convicted this sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 23d of March.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Patrick Swinney, Timothy Crawley, John Gibson, Benjamin Payne.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbers17680224-1
SentenceDeath > executed; Death > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to

give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death, 6.

James Gibson , Anne Robinson , Sophia Revell , Benjamin Payne , John Alders , and John Tappin .

Transportation for 14 years, 2.

Elizabeth Gordon and David Johnson .

Transportation for 7 years, 50.

James Callagan , James Buller, John Dixon , Jane Willson , William Shepherd , William Johnson , Anne Griffith , Jane Dixon , Thomas Pharaoh , James Wilson, James Adams , John Roberts , Thomas Mitchell, William Taylor, Elizabeth Carter , Richard Baker , George Sturt, Alexander Smith, William Simonds , George Blessett, William Robinson, Thomas Took , Thomas Hill, Thomas Collop , Peter French , Philip Johnson , James Bailey , Charles Brown , John Wiffen , Robert Taylor , John Monk , David Miller , John Neal , Elizabeth Brice , Anne Clifford , John Giles , Anne Berry , William Jones , Jane Heley , Richard Dodd , Thomas Robinson , Charles Knight , William Roberts , Joseph Smith , Richard Richardson , James Wright , Henry Williams , Henry Cook , Richard Thorp , and Sarah Coomes .

Whipped, 7.

John Wall, Benjamin Allen , Michael Carroll , Thomas Pink , Anne Wainwright , Robert Merchant , and Dennis Caffery , otherwise Capery, the latter 100 yards in the Strand, near Durham-yard.

Branded, 2.

Philip Blake and Sarah Eves .

Peter Heliott's sentence respited.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Patrick Swinney, Timothy Crawley.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbers17680224-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Patrick Swinney and Timothy Crawley , capitally convicted in January sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 10th of February

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Gibson, Benjamin Payne.
24th February 1768
Reference Numbers17680224-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Gibson , capitally convicted in January sessions, 1766, and Benjamin Payne , capitally convicted this sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 23d of March.

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