Old Bailey Proceedings.
3rd June 1767
Reference Number: 17670603

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numberf17670603-1

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Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard,

[Price Six-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Before the Right Hon. Sir ROBERT KITE , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Hon. Sir RICHARD ADAMS , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *; the Hon. Sir JOSEPH YATES , Knt. one of his Majesty's Justices of the Court of King's Bench +; JAMES EYRE , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + ++ direct to the judge by whom the prisoner was tried; also (L.) (M.) by what jury.


John Blakesley ,

Luke Graffley ,

Richard Ringwood ,

Samuel Wilkinson ,

John Stanton ,

Peter Langthorne ,

William Bamford ,

Thomas Grape ,

John Blake ,

Thomas Smith ,

Thomas Mould ,

William Portall .


C Dollinson ,

Edward Crace ,

Adam Dunkley ,

James Marriott ,

Henry Turing ,

William Dimes ,

John Taylor ,

John Hooke ,

Henry Fisher ,

Thomas Salmon ,

Elias Pugh ,

Thomas Greening .

Catharine Saunders, Mary Gibbons.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-1

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277, 278. (M.) Catharine Saunders and Mary Gibbons , spinsters , were indicted for stealing nine yards of linen lace, value 20 s. and ten yards of linen edging lace, value 8 s. the property of Moses Leny , May 5 . ++

Anne Leny . Moses Leny is my husband; we keep a lace warehouse in Round-court, in the Strand ; Saunders had been at my shop before, and I suspected her not to be honest; she came in with the other prisoner on the 5th of May, and said she had brought me a new customer; I desired my servant to look sharp; I had some valuable lace lying on one counter, I desired them to go to another counter where the black lace was; they desired to go and look at the lace on the other counter; I shewed them a box of lace; Saunders bought a yard and a quarter, at 2 s. a yard. She asked the other prisoner, if any of that lace would do for her; Saunders took up her apron, and laid it over the goods on the counter; I begged her to take her apron off, fearing the lace should stick to it; she then let it down. I took them to the other counter; then I saw a piece of lace lying on the ground, close by the counter; I am sure there was no such lace at that counter before. Gibbons wanted to see several pieces; Saunders called her Mrs. Myner; Saunders turned her head round to me, and desired me to look at the lace on the back part of her cap, and said, the other prisoner wanted such; this I thought was with intent the other might have an opportunity to take something; I still kept my eye looking towards Gibbons. I saw a piece of lace in Gibbons's bosom, one of the doubles hung out under her handkerchief; I took hold of it, and took it out; there were nine yards and a half of it; I saw a piece of edging in her hand; she put her hand behind her under her cloak; I desired her to give it me; she swore

many oaths, and used me in an insolent manner. I, by trying to take it, saw the edging drop behind her; Saunders saw me both take the lace from Gibbons's bosom, and take the edging up behind her, yet she stood up very much for her character, and said a thousand times she would ruin me, and she would not depart my house till she had brought people to take an account me; then she continued using me ill for an hour and a half at least. I desired my girl to fetch a constable, but she could not get one; a neighbour came in; Saunders sent Gibbons out to bring in a man to ruin me, but my neighbour went out and brought her back; (three pieces of lace produced in court that were found by the counter; that which fell behind Gibbons, and that taken from out of her bosom; the latter, by mistake, was not in the indictment.)

Mary Ross , the servant, confirmed the evidence of her mistress in every part of it.

Saunders's defence.

I live in the neighbourhood; I knew this woman (meaning Gibbons) in her own country, (Ireland ) she was coming to my apartment for some linen to wash; I met her; I said I was going to buy a yard and quarter of lace, and should not keep her half a quarter of an hour; we went to this shop; what the gentlewoman says is false; I never did recommend her as a customer; I have but six weeks to go with child, and I desire I may never be delivered, or see my other children, if I mentioned such a thing; I had a clean lawn apron on; the corner of my buckle had torn it, and I took it up in my hand to look at it; the gentlewoman asked me what I wanted; I said, a yard and quarter, at about 2 s. a yard, with a running worm; she begged I would wait a bit, and she would dispatch me; upon taking up my apron, it dropped upon the counter; she said, pray put your apron down, which I did; I bought a yard and quarter of the lace and paid for it; this poor woman never mentioned the wanting to buy any lace till she saw me buy; then she said, how much will do for my child, of such as is on the back part of your cap; I said, three quarters of a yard; the gentlewoman said she believed she had such a thing, and went to the other side the counter to shew it her; I saw the card of lace lying by the counter; I took it up, and gave it the gentlewoman; this poor woman said she could not go to above a shilling a yard; I have seen her thread her needle, and hold it close to her eyes, she is very near sighted; she took the lace up, and held it close to look at it; the gentlewoman catched it away, and said, what are you going to put it into your bosom; there came very high words between us; she cursed our country, and wished none of my country might ever come into her house; she sent her maid out to call two men in; I said, I wished somebody would go for my husband; she insisted this poor woman should not go out of her house; the woman begged somebody would go for her child; then she insisted on taking us before Sir John Fielding ; we did not care to go there; she sent for some of his men, and they took us there; my husband's brother keeps a pastry-cook's shop over against Sir John's house, made me object to going there.

To her character.

John Perry . I have known Saunders from the year 1757, in Galway in Ireland; she was a serjeant's wife; I never knew her have an ill character in my life; her husband attends an auction shop in the Strand.

Gibbons's defence.

I left my child with a friend, and went for Mrs. Saunders's linen to wash; I met her, and asked her to go back with me; she said she could not, she was going to buy a piece of lace; I went with her to this shop into Round court; she said, Polly, buy a bit for your child to go round her cap, you cannot get it cheaper than here, (I never was in the shop before in my life;) I said I could not give above a shilling; I went to look at a piece; the gentlewoman said, you have no right to look at that lace; Mrs Saunders said, when people come into a shop, they look at things they do not buy; she said, she did not want any of my custom, and did not like any of my country, and bid us both go about our business; she sent the maid to call somebody in; a gentleman came in; he said he did not like to meddle in the business.

Both Guilty . T .

Richard Coe.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-2
VerdictNot Guilty

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279. (M:) Richard Coe was indicted for stealing a hempen cable rope, value 15 s. and one hempen sling, value 1 s. the property of William Fletcher and John Arnold , May 25 . *

George Tatton . I am servant to Mess. William Fletcher and John Arnold , stone merchants on Mill bank . Last Monday morning was a week, I got up at half an hour after twelve o'clock at night, and went to shift the lighter, that is, to bring her within the reach of the crane to take the stones out; I saw the prisoner in the barge's cabin; I asked him what business he had there; he said he came to look after a corn barge; I saw a boat lying on the inside the barge; I saw in it two parcels of rope lying; he was going out of the

barge down into the boat; I got in her too, and stopped him from going away; there were more ropes than ours of other peoples; I asked him where he had them; he said it was a parcel of old rope which he had got, and said in a lighter head; I perceived they were wet; I said, they have been lately taken out of the water; he said, I might have them if I would let him go about his business; I stopped him, boat and rope too, and took him through our yard to the watch box, and charged the watchman to go along with us to the watch house; going along, the prisoner dropped a case knife; when I went to the barge again, I found one end of the cable was loosened, and the other end was fresh cut.

Q. Did you see the prisoner meddle with the cable?

Tatton. No, I did not, it was dark.

Lewis Ellis . About seven o'clock that morning, I went to look at the boat that was lying on the outside Mr. Fletcher's barge, I saw many pieces of rope in it; there was a sling belonging to Mess. Fletcher and Arnold that I could swear to; it is a large rope we use to put about a block of stone, when we move them with the crane; we took the prisoner before Justice Miller, there he said he never was on the wharf where the sling was taken from.

Prisoner's defence.

I never meddled with any thing, neither had I been upon the wharf; I am a waterman, and have been sick, and have never a boat to work in.

Acquitted .

Hans Knutson.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-3

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280. (M.) Hans Knutson was indicted for stealing one scum bag, value 2 s. the property of James Spalding , Thomas Slack , and Mark Downing ; one thickset frock, a linen handkerchief, a cloth waistcoat, a nankeen waistcoat, a linen shirt, 3 linen stocks, a pair of cloth breeches, a pair of cotton stockings, a pair of silver shoe-buckles, a pair of silver knee-buckles, a silver stock-buckle, a silver watch, a silver watch-chain, a pair of stone buttons set in silver, and a man's hat, the property of Charles Ulmore ; a cloth coat, two silk handkerchiefs, a cloth waistcoat, a pair of worsted stockings, a pair of men's shoes, and a pair of metal shoe buckles, the property of Conrode Creamer ; a pair of worsted stockings, a cloth coat, a stuff waistcoat, two pair of leather breeches, a linen shirt, a brass tobacco box, a pair of silver shoe-buckles, a pair of silver knee-buckles, a silver watch, a silver seal, and a man's hat, the property of John Franks ; a pair of worsted stockings, the property of Frederick Ecliars ; a silk handkerchief, a linen handkerchief, a cloth coat, a cloth surtout coat, a pair of worsted stockings, and a silver watch, the property of John Freemouse ; a linen shirt, a pair of worsted breeches, and a pair of silver knee-buckles, the property of Nicholas Albatch ; a shag waistcoat, a cloth coat, a pair of leather breeches, and a linen shirt , the property of Adam Creamer , May 18 . *

The prisoner being a foreigner, an interpreter was sworn.

Mark Downing . I am a sugar-refiner , and live in Mansfield street, Goodman's-fields . James Spalding , Thomas Slack , and I, are partners ; the prisoner is a Dane ; he was our servant from the 9th of March to the 4th of May; the men who lost their things were all our servants, and lived in the house. I went out of town on the 18th of May, and coming home on the 19th over Tower hill, I met Thomas Price , one of our men, he told me the men had been robbed of their cloaths; we suspected the prisoner; Ulmore told me on the Saturday night following, that he heard the prisoner was got on board a ship going to Norway, the ship was called Anna Maria , Capt. Bockman or Beckman; I went to Sir John Fielding , and desired he would give me some assistance. I was advised to proceed after the prisoner as fast as I could; Ulmore and I went in a chaise to Gravesend, and found the ship had failed the night before; then we took a boat and went down to the Hope; there we found the ship; I went on deck and told the captain I had been robbed, and suspected the thief was on board his ship, and desired if we found any thing upon him that he had stole, he would let me take him on shore; he said, with all his heart; the captain called the prisoner down; I seeing he had got a watch, I desired to look at it; he took it out of his pocket and delivered it to me, (produced in court;) Charles Ulmore looked at it and said, he would swear it was his watch; the captain ordered the prisoner's chest and things to be put into my boat; then I found there were many of the things done up into our scum bag, which is worth about 2 s. we took him and the things into our boat; he seemed to cry and was very uneasy, and said, he hoped I would let him go. We brought him to Gravesend; I opened his box there, and found several of the things which were missing, but cannot particularize them; I remember seeing this brass tobacco-box there (produced in court;) the box was fastened up, and we left that there, and ordered it to be sent up by the Gravesend boat; we took the prisoner

with us, and brought him to Sir John Fielding ; the prisoner not understanding me. I did not examine or change him till he was brought there.

C C. I was servant to Mr. Downing; I went there on the 6th of May, that was after the prisoner was gone; we found all these thing were gone; on a Tuesday morning, about ten days after I was there, I found the bar of the sugar-oue window was sawed off, and the window opened; the things were taken from our bed room where we all lay, seven of us; by getting in at the window they oculdtasily come into that room, the door not being fast; I missed: the things mentioned in the indictment, said to be mine (mentioning there by name;) we all of us went to bed a little after ten over night, then all our things were in the room, and all were gone by four in the morning; I went with Mr. Downing to take the prisoner; this watch which the prisoner delivered to Mr. Downing is my property; (the rest of the things produced and deposed to by the respective owners)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

Henry Willis.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-4
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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281. Henry Willis was indicted for being armed with offensive weapons, in company with others, assembled together in order to be assisting in running uncustomed goods, &c . Jan. 9, 1762 .

No evidence produced against him.

Acquitted .

Edward Hull.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-5
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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282. (M) Edward Hull , otherwise John Doleman , was indicted for stealing five pair of silk stockings, value 5 s. the property of Evan Vaughan , in the dwelling-house of the said Evan , May 23 . +

Mary Vaughan . I am wife to Evan Vaughan , we keep a hosier's shop . On the 23rd of May, a pane of glass in the shop window was broke a little before nine in the evening, and five pair of silk stockings that lay close to the place were taken out; I had them in my hand about a quarter of an hour before.

William Richardson . I shall be twelve years of age the 16th of this month; I was standing at our door, which is two doors below the prosecutor's, about a quarter of an hour before nine at night, last Saturday was se'nnight, I saw the prisoner go to their window and break a pane of glass.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Richardson. No, I did not, but I am sure it was he; he was in a blue coat, and his hat slapped before; he was hardly half a minute at the window; when he had done it he ran up a little passage; he ran against a post and was stopped.

Q. Did you see him put his hand into the window?

Richardson No, I did not.

Elizabeth E. I was in Mr. Vaughan's shop at the time; upon he ran in, glaletly I ran out, this little boy said, the m that passage, a poit had stopped him, I took hold of him, and brought him into the shop; he made but little resistance. The constable going by, we took the prisoner before Sir John Fielding , at first he said he was pushed against he window; when he was first charged with it, he said, if he broke it he would pay for it, but he had no money in his pocket, he would leave his neckcloth, hat, and wig.

Joseph Levi . I was going by, and seeing a number of people about the prosecutor's door, I was told a man had broke his window; I pushed through the people, and went into the shop; I asked the prisoner what account he could give of himself; he said, he lived at the Bric layer's Arms somewhere in Westminster, and was a blacksmith by trade, and had been out of business half a year; I saw some blood on his neckcloth; I asked him how that came; his right hand was done up in his handkerchief; I made him take it off; then I saw his finger was fresh cut, and his hand was bloody; I asked him how he came by that; he said it was a push; afterwards he said it was done by the scratch of a pin, which the gentlewoman gave him. We took him before Sir John Fielding , he was well known there; Sir John's clerk said, you had the luck to escape last sessions, but you will not the next; he answered he was not cast last sessions, and he was sure he should not this; the clerk said, search his pocket; the prisoner said, he had only got a Holland doit there, the finest in England.

Prisoner's defence.

Going home to my lodgings I heard a glass window break; I saw a person run up into a court, I ran after him, and cried, stop him; the gentlewoman came and laid hold of me, and said, I believe you are the person that has broke the window, you must come along with me; I said, with all my heart; Sir John Fielding asked if any stockings were found upon me; they said, no, they never saw them afterwards.

Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

See him tried for receiving stolen goods, No 250, in Mr. Alderman Nelson's mayoralty; and No 274 in this, for stealing some hand-whips.

Elizabeth Cartwright.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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283. (M.) Elizabeth Cartwright , otherwise Hart , was indicted for stealing five pewter dishes, value 5 s. and sixteen pewter plates, value 5 s. the property of Peter Lowle , May 21 . +

Peter Lowle . The prisoner was detected in taking the dishes and plates out of my house, but I was not by at the time; I can only say they are my property. The woman that detected her is not here.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Hart.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-7

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(L.) She was a second time indicted by the name of Elizabeth Hart , otherwise Carter , for stealing a gold watch, value 15 l. the property of Caleb Lea , May 21 . +

Caleb Lea . I am a baker . My gold watch was taken from the mantle-piece in my parlour, where it used to hang, but I never missed it till it was brought to me by Mr. Ward, a pawnbroker.

Mr. Ward. I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner at the bar brought this gold watch to me (produced and deposed to) on Thursday the 21st of May; she said she brought it from a watchmaker that lived in Baldwin's-gardens. I stopped it; she was to have brought a gentleman to prove it; but never returned. Soon after I was going out, and a man came from Clerkenwell Bridewell to enquire about this watch; he said she was committed there; I said, I should not satisfy him as to the marks of the watch, but I went to her; at first she said she had it of a journeyman baker, that he was ill in bed, and it was his own watch which he used to wear; then I went to Baldwin's-gardens, but could not find such a person she had mentioned to me. I then went to her again; she told me the journeyman baker was named Delmey, and his master lived in Moor-lane; we enquired all over Moor-lane, but could not find an owner; then we went into Little Moorfields, there was a baker; I went into his shop, it was the prosecutor's shop; he described the watch, and owned it directly, but had not missed it till I went there.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Wilson.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-8
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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284. (M.) Sarah, wife of John Wilson , was indicted for stealing a copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. a gridiron, value 10 d. and a hanging iron, value 4 d. the property of Gerard Vandergucht , May 13 . *

Gerard Vandergucht . I live at St. Mary-le-bone , and keep a broker's shop . On the 13th of May, the things mentioned in the indictment were taken from my door, where they were set out for sale; I was not at home at the time; she was taken with the gridiron and hanging iron, and brought back immediately; when I came home, I having missed a tea-kettle, asked her what she had done with that; she owned she had taken and sold it, to Mr. Clark, a brazier in Mary-le-bone parish; I and found it there; it was a very old one, and it was broke up as old metal.

Mr. Clark. The prisoner sold me a tea-kettle; she said she and her mother had had it twenty-five years; it weighed but sixteen ounces and a half when taken to pieces; I gave her 9 d. for it. The prosecutor and she came together the next day for it; we went before Justice Spinnage, there she acknowledged she stole it from the prosecutor.

Prisoner's defence.

Coming along Oxford-road, I picked up a tea-kettle which had a bruise on the side; as to the gridiron and hanging iron, I know no more of them than the honourable gentlemen of the Court. I sold the tea-kettle for 9 d.

Prosecutor. The prisoner acknowledged before Justice Spinnage, that she stole the three articles. Guilty 4 d . W .

Anne Russel.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-9

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285. (L.) Anne Russel , spinster , was indicted for stealing fourteen pictures on paper, with wooden frames, value 10 s. an iron fender, an iron poker, a pair of iron tongs, an iron shovel, a copper pottage-pot, and five ivory-handled knives and forks , the property of Richard Grindal , May 14 . ++

Richard Grindal . The prisoner had lived servant with me, and when she had left me about a fortnight, the other servants acquainted me there were things missing; the prisoner was going to be married to a young man in the neighbourhood, I thought he might know something of the matter, his name is Small; he lived in Vine-court, Moor-lane, Fore-street; I got a warrant from my Lord-Mayor, and searched his lodging; (this was about three weeks ago.) I went with one of my Lord-Mayor's officer, and in his lodging we found four of my prints, they belong to a set of eight; they were in particular frames, and glazed; he had taken a new house in Moor-lane; he came and offered the key to me, and offered to assist me in order to regain my property; there I found several things, but I have put only the copper pottage pot in the indictment; then we went to a house in Cook's-court, Grub-street; there I found the iron sender, poker, tongs, twelve prints, five ivory-handled knives and forks; I have not laid the twentieth part of the things I found; (the

things laid in the indictment produced in court;) I swear to all except the copper pottage pot.

Mrs. Smith. I did live with the prosecutor; the prisoner came there the day after I went away; I know the pottage pot, pictures, knives and forks, and sender, to be the prosecutor's property.

Edward Smith , the constable, deposed to the finding the twelve prints, knives and forks, at the house of Mr. Davis, in Grub-Street.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence, only that the prosecutor, her master, never kept a proper account of what goods he had in his house. She called Cornelius Donovan , Alexander Robinson , Thomas and Susanna Davis , James and Mary Dawson , and her sweet-heart, Small, who gave her a good character.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Wallford.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-10

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286. (L.) Thomas Wallford was indicted for stealing eight pounds weight of green tea, value 36 s. the property of John Bacon , May 10 . ++

Mrs. Bacon. I am wife to John Bacon ; we keep a grocer's shop on Holbourn-hill, opposite Hatton-garden ; we had occasion to suspect the prisoner, who was our porter , and lived in the house, of having done something wrong; my husband and I agreed that I should be concealed in the counting-house, on Sunday the 10th of May, to make observation on what passed; the counting-house is parted off from the shop, in which the key of the shop is always kept; we can see from the counting-house every thing that passes in the shop; the prisoner was left in the care of the house; I was locked into the counting-house; my husband went out, and fastened the door after him; in a few minutes after the prisoner came down, and took a view round; he went to the door, to see if it was fast; upon that, he went up stairs again, and soon came down with a chair in his hand, and set it down, and got upon it, and put his hand through a pane of glass that was broke, and took the key off from an iron bracket, where it hung, and went and unlocked the shop door, and went into the shop, and behind the counter to the till, and took out some money. I heard it rattle, but cannot tell the sum. Then he took down a large cannister of tea, and filled a large paper bag with tea out of it; when he had done, he replaced the cannister, and brought the bag, and set it down, while he placed the chair again, and got upon it, and hung the key on the bracket again; then he took the bag of tea in one hand, and the chair in the other, and went up stairs; he staid there a few minutes, and came down with his hat on, and went out at the entry door, and pulled the door after him; it has a spring lock; he was gone about half an hour, or thereabouts; then he came in again, and went up stairs, and was there some time; in the interim there came an acquaintance, named Lyes, and knocked at the door; he came down; the person enquired whether Mr. Bacon or his wife were at home; he said, no; she asked where we were gone; he said he did not know; he seemed rather willing she should not come in; she came in; it was then I believe, pretty near six o'clock, the maid-servant came home about seven; I had bid her come home about that time, in order to release the porter; in a few minutes after she came in, and was gone up stairs, the prisoner came down with the paper bag of tea tied up in handkerchief; I saw the paper bag in it, and believe it to be the same bag he had filled with tea; (I had observed he had nothing in his hand the first time he went out;) he carried the bag out.

Q. Did the maid see him go out?

Mrs. Bacon, No, she did not.

Mr. Bacon. I got a constable, and took the prisoner in my shop on the 11th of May; I charged him with taking the tea; he would not confess for some time; I ordered the constable to take him back to the counting-house; when he found we had such positive evidence, he confessed he took about six pounds, but he soon did acknowledge the whole to an ounce; there was eight pounds and upwards; he owned to whom he had sold it, and directed me to the man he had sold it to, where I went and found it; the man and tea are here now in court.

Cross examination.

Q. Was there any promise of favour in order to this confession?

Mr. Bacon. I made him none, he acknowledged it free and open.

Richard Strekon . I am the constable that had the prisoner in charge; at first he would not acknowledge to any thing. His master suspected he had some tea up stairs; we went up stairs; there he confessed he stole the tea mentioned, and sold it for 3 l. 18 s. there was some money in his pocket; he acknowledged that was part of the money he sold it for.

Cross examination.

Q. Did his master make him any promise?

Strekon. There was no promise made by his master; I told him, the only way to receive favour from his master was to confess.

Joseph Gurney . I am acquainted with Mr. Bacon; I was at his house at the time the prisoner was taken into custody; he would own to nothing at first; when we were up stairs, we told him the circumstances of his taking the tea, he hesitated a little; then he said he did take about six pounds weight; I asked him whether there were no more; he owned there was more, and that he had sold it for 3 l. 18 s. he said there might be eight pounds, bare weight.

Cross examination.

Q. Was any promise of favour made him?

Gurney. I told him, if he made an ingenuous confession, very likely his master might favour him, so far as to lay it only as a single felony, which he has done.

Prisoner's defence.

I have some witnesses here to speak in my behalf.

For the prisoner.

Sarah Young . The prisoner has subpoened me, but I do not know for what, I live near Mr. Bacon; I was by at the time he was taken into custody; I heard him confess to the taking the tea, and selling it for 3 l. 18 s.

Q. Did you hear any promise of favour made him?

S. Young. I never heard any promise, any farther than what Mr. Gurney has mentioned.

He called Thomas Aston , Edward Bennet , Richard Bennet , Robert Davey , John Davey , John Bowen , Elizabeth Wallford , and John Haines , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Robert Vicars.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-11

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287. (L.) Robert Vicars was indicted for stealing forty pounds weight of solder, value 13 s. the property of John Salter , May 2 . ++

John Salter . I am a plumber , and live in Bush-lane ; the prisoner came to live with me the 25th of April last, and continued in my employ till the 2d of May; that afternoon a neighbour came, and desired I would go to the Bell alehouse; I went; there was a bag produced, in which was three old cocks and a piece of solder, with the company's mark of the goodness of the solder, and the initial letters of my name upon it; I desired the people to let the bag be there, with the things in it, till evening; after I paid my men their wages, I should find which of them came to take it away; they had described the person that left it there, which I took to be the prisoner. I went home, and after some time I was sent for again, and told they had stopped the prisoner with the bag; I opened the bag, and found in the whole four pieces of solder, which, before broken, was one compleat piece of solder, about forty pounds weight of it. I asked the prisoner could use me so; he begged I would forgive him, and was very sorry for what he had done, and said, if I would let him go, he would be very honest for the future. I took him before my Lord Mayor on the Monday, he had been doing business at my Lord's house; he was asked, how he came by the solder; he said, he carried into his Lordship's house, and concealed it among some rubbish, but did intend to carry it home again to my house.

John Paterson I live at the Bell. in Bush-lane; the prisoner came on the 2d of May, and asked leave to leave an empty bag, about noon; he came some time after, and put something in it, which proved to be solder; he came a second time, towards evening, and put something more in it; then Mr. Salter was acquainted with it; he came and saw it, and asked me to let it abide there; after which the prisoner came for it, and was stopped with it; my house is about 250 or 300 yards from the prosecutor's.

Joseph Puley . I was at Mr. Paterson's on the 2d of May; Mr. Paterson took me into his yard, and told me the prisoner had left a bag, which he suspected had something in it that was not honestly come by; he asked me what was best to be done; I went and fetched Mr. Salter; there were some old brass cocks and some solder in it. Mr. Salter desired it might be there till his men had done work, and were paid, to see who came for it; the prisoner came there again, and put something into it, and went and drank some beer, and after that took the bag and was going away. I stopped him, and told him, his master had been and seen what was in it; then Mr. Salter was sent for again; there was then about 40 pounds weight of solder, and three old brass cocks.

Prisoner's defence.

I was at work at my Lord-Mayor's; I carried this solder there to make a joint; coming home on Saturday night, my master paid me my wages; I thought to bring the solder home; I was going to take it to his house, and they sent for my master.

Prosecutor. The prisoner was not at my Lord-Mayor's that day.

He called Thomas West , Abraham Withers , Mary Gamson , and Martha Charles , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Daniel Turner.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-12

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288. (L.) Daniel Turner was indicted for stealing 15 yards of cotton velvet, value 6 l. the property of Samuel Richardson and Co. May 22 . *

Samuel Richardson . John Slack , Samuel White , and William White , and I, are partners ; we keep a Manchester warehouse in King street, Cheapside . On Friday night was se'nnight we sold eight pieces of Manchester velvet; they were not delivered, and one from the parcel was missed the next morning from off the counter; I went to Sir John Fielding , and got bills dispersed about; the piece was brought home that very evening; I did not see it till the Monday, before my Lord Mayor; there were two yards and a half cut off it, which was made up into a waistcoat; (produced and deposed to.)

Esther Moses . I live in Petticoat-lane; I sell oil and lemons about; Daniel Turner came to my house with a gentlewoman last Friday a week, about seven o'clock, and asked if I knew any body that would buy a piece of velvet came into my head to carry it to Mr. Alesounder, a pawnbroker; I carried the piece, and told him there was an acquaintance at my house, that has got this velvet to dispose of, and I asked him 8 s. a yard; I said it was a very honest man; he offered 6 s. a yard; I said I'll take it to him again, and if he is agreeable. I'll bring it again; I went and told the prisoner I was offered 6 s. 6 d. a yard for it; he said he gave that for it himself, but he wanted money; he agreed to take it; I went back again, and brought him the money.

James Alesounder . I live in Petticoat-lane; I believe this is the same velvet which I bought of Mrs. Moses, last Friday was se'nnight, for 6 s. a yard, and I sent it out by Jane Boulton , who sold it to Mr. Blaney, a puolican. for 6 s. 6 d. a yard; I bought it for damaged goods by the colour. The next day I received a bill from Sir John Fielding , giving an account it was stolen; then I sent the woman that sold it, with the money back, and to bring the velvet again. I went and got an officer, and took up Mrs. Moses, and sent a letter to Sir John Fielding , to let him know I had bought it, and where it was, for the publican would not let the woman have it back again; he kept it, in order to have the two guineas reward; he went and made information to Sir John Fielding , and brought two men to my house to take charge of me; I sent for a neighbour; he passed his word as far as a thousand pounds, for my appearing the next morning.

Jane Boulton . Mr. Alesounder sent for me to sell this velvet for him; he employs me, when any goods are out of date, to sell them; I knowing Mr. Blaney was a taylor, carried it to him; he bid me 6 s. 6 d. a yard for it; I sold it him for 7 s. and brought the money to Mr. Alesounder, and at night he sent for me, and told me the velvet was stole, and sent me back with the money; but Mr. Blaney said he had disposed of it.

Mr. Blaney deposed to that of buying the velvet of the last evidence, as she had given account; and when he found it was stolen, he carried it to Sir John Fielding .

John Slack . I am a partner with Mr. Richardson; there was a piece of velvet taken off our counter; we missed it about seven or eight o'clock the next morning; I know nothing of the prisoner, nor how he came to take it.

Timothy Archey . I made a velvet waistcoat for the prisoner of this sort of velvet, last Monday was se'nnight.

William Harris . The prisoner came to me on Saltpetre-bank, last Friday was a week, with this velvet, and asked me the name of it; I said it was Manchester velvet; he asked the price of it; I said I should not trouble my self about it, I should not buy it, because I knew the man.

Prisoner's defence.

I bought that velvet of a man that had several other things to sell.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Dixon.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-13

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289. (L.) Thomas Dixon was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 12 d. the property of Francis Hammet , May 30 . +

Francis Hammet . I was in Fenchurch-street last Saturday night, a little after nine o'clock, two men came by me; a gentleman called to me, and said, Capt. Hammet, a fellow has picked your pocket; I felt, and found my handkerchief was gone; he said, this fellow has got it, meaning the prisoner; he shewed it me; there was another person with the prisoner, he made off.

Thomas Cambridge . On Saturday night last I passed Captain Hammet , I saw the two lads behind him; I turned round, and saw the prisoner draw the handkerchief out of his pocket, and was going to convey it to the other; he seing me observe him, threw it against the wall; I took it up, and called to the captain; I held the prisoner by the collar; the captain owned the handkerchief.

Prisoner's defence.

I never was nigh the gentleman; I am as innocent as the child unborn.

Guilty . T .

John Harris, William Saunders.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-14

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290, 291. John Harris and William Saunders , were indicted for stealing 200 pounds weight of live eels, the property of James Fenn , in a certain

boat on the river Thames, kept for preserving of fish , the property of William Cole , Esq; May 3 . *

James Fenn . I sell fish by commission , for Mr. Cole of Ely; he sends me up eels, pike, and perch; I live by London-bridge water-works ; we have a well-boat there all the year round, we call it a store-boat, with four wells in it; it lies always there, and they are locked down with great locks, and when any gentlemen or fishmonger want any fish, we supply them; sometimes we have two thousand weight of eels, sometimes seven or eight hundred jacks; as there is a demand in London I send word, and they send up what is wanted. On the 3d of May, between five and six in the morning, I went and found she was taken away from the great chain she was fastened to; she was found a little above Black-friars bridge, with every well broke open; she was brought to me on the Sunday morning about nine o'clock; I took out what eels were left, and ordered the boat to be mended. I think the four well hinges were taken off, and some of the staples drawn; I believe fish were taken out of every well; as nigh as we can guess, there were about 130 pounds of eels taken out; they were safe in the boat between nine and ten o'clock on Saturday night; we sold fish out of her from morning till dinner time that day; I went to Sir John Fielding , and asked the clerk what method I should take to find the people out: when I came home, I heard a young fellow named Elliot, in White-street, should say he saw two men with a large quantity of eels, about four or five o'clock on Sunday morning; I went to see for them, and met Harris on London-bridge (I had been told their names were Harris and Saunders;) I was not sure Harris was one of them; I passed him, and went on to White-street, but did not meet with them: I took Harris on St. Margaret's-hill on the Tuesday; he openly confessed to me he filed the lock, while Saunders towed away with the boat; he owned they took the eels out, and hoped I would not send him to goal; I told him I would do him all the justice I could; he directed me to Saunders, and I took him in bed about two hours after, in Kent-street; Saunders confessed he helped to break open the wells, and take the eels, and some they sold, and some they gave away, and some they eat, they both confessed the same; I never got any of them again.

John Elliot . I saw the prisoner at Mr. Jones's, the Falcon in White-street, on the other side the water, on a Saturday night; they went out about twelve o'clock at night, and said they were going to work (they were strangers to me.) On the Sunday morning they came into the room where I lay, between three and four o'clock, with a basket full of eels; I looked at them, and said they were Dutch eels; they said, no, they were river eels, and they caught them last night; I said, I imagine you have been foul on some Dutch boat's stern and cut them away; I said, I should be obliged to them for one for my breakfast; they gave me one, and I eat it; I told Mr. Fenn of it, and said, I did not believe they came honestly by them.

Edward Jones . The two prisoners lodged at my house, the Falcon in White-street; they used to tell my wife to call them up at eleven o'clock; they used to catch flounders. They went out on that Saturday night about twelve o'clock, and about five on the Sunday morning they came and knocked hard at the door; I went down and opened it; they had a long basket; they brought it in very heavy; I saw some eels in it.

Thomas Ward . I am a constable. Mr. Fenn desired I would go along with him to see if we could take the two prisoners; we took Harris; he acknowledged he and Saunders were concerned in taking the eels; he said they had taken away the well-boat, and towed her up to Black-friars bridge; he said there were two watermen, that they did not know with whom they left the boat; he desired we would go and take Saunders, saying he was to be found in Kent-street; we went to the house he mentioned, and took him out of bed; when we got him to Mr. Fenn's, he confessed the same as Harris had done.

Richard Bagshaw . I am servant to Mr. Fenn. In the evening between the 2d and 3d of May, the well-boat was taken from her moorings; when I found her the next day between eight and nine, her wells were broke open, the hinges were ripped from the well heads; there were eels taken out, but I know not by who; I found her just above Black-friars bridge, hauled in between two lighters and made fast.

William Harrop . I heard Harris say he filed the lock and broke the bulk head, while Saunders towed her up.

Harris's defence.

I know nothing of it; I bought the eels and paid for them, of a young man that was going to the salt water, and then I went to that house; the young man asked me to give him one, and I gave him one; after that I was going to Billingsgate to buy fish, and they took me up.

Saunders said nothing in his defence.

Harris called William Harris , Nathanael King , Charles Newman , William Hicks , William Robins , Thomas Feltham , William Heychurch , and Elizabeth More , who all gave him a good character.

Both Guilty . T .

Joseph Phineas.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-15

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292. (L.) Joseph Phineas was indicted for stealing a silver cup, value 20 s. and a silver castor, value 10 s. the property of Naphtali Hart Meyers , and Moses Franks , May 20 . *

Naphtali Hart Meyers. The prisoner is a Jew . On Wednesday the 20th of May, the sexton of the great synagogue in Duke's-place came and informed me the silver cup and silver castor were missing; I and Moses Franks are the wardens of that synagogue; the cup and castor belonged to the service of the synagogue; they are used in certain benedictions there, and were kept in a drawer; upon the wardens being chosen, they have a list of the vestments and things given them from warden to warden: Mr. Franks and I have the custody and care of the synagogue; I told the sexton to keep it private, and we would go about the districts of Duke's-place, and inform all the pawnbrokers and people, and describe the things, and perhaps we may sooner come at a discovery; accordingly we let the pawnbrokers and old cloaths people know. On the Friday in the afternoon, I was sent for by Mr. Coleman in the Minories, I was there informed he had stopped a broken silver cup; he is a dealer in old cloaths; I described it before he took it out of his drawer; I described on paper a sketch of the foot (the paper and cup produced, they agreed;) he told me, the boy that brought it was to come the next day for a watch in exchange; he said he knew him, that he looked like a Jew barber's boy, and blinks with his eyes; I went and told the sexton, that Mr. Coleman looked upon the boy that brought it to be a Jew barber's boy; the sexton soon brought in the prisoner, upon which I sent for a peace officer and Mr. Coleman; Mr. Coleman said, he was the lad that brought it to him; the prisoner said, if I would shew him mercy, he would directly tell me where the castor was; I told him it was out of my power; the peace officer and he went out together, and brought the castor in; (produced and deposed to.)

Jacob Coleman . The prisoner came to my shop in the Minories on the 21st of May; he produced this cup, I weighed it and laid it by, and bid him call the next day; he did not think proper to come; I enquired among the Jews. The Saturday after I went to the synagogue and described him there, and by the description I gave of him he was taken up.

Henry Mark . Mr. Myers sent for me, and gave me charge of the prisoner, for robbing the synagogue; he took me to the ruins in Bear Jury-lane, where they are building new houses, and took the castor out from among the rubbish, then I carried him before my Lord-Mayor, and he was committed.

Prisoner's defence.

Abraham Solomon delivered the thing, to me; he is since run away to Holland.

Guilty . T .

William Lynn.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-16
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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293. (L.) William Lynn was indicted for stealing a linen apron, value 10 d. the property of Martha Weston , spinster , May 4 . *

Martha Weston . I live with Mr. Pierce in Duck-lane ; I have nothing more to say, but that the apron was my property; it hung behind the entry door. On the 4th of May betwixt five and six o'clock in the afternoon, a lad came and told my master a man had taken it; my master went out after the prisoner, and brought that and him back, (produced and deposed to.)

James Cox . I am fifteen years of age. There were two men, one of them came in and leaned over the ballusters, and took something and put it under his coat; I went and told my master; my master went and took hold of the prisoner; the prisoner dropped the apron behind him; the prisoner is one of the two men that I saw in our entry.

Thomas Pierce . On the 4th of May in the afternoon, I was drinking tea with my spouse; my boy came and said, a man had gone out with something; I ran out, and overtook the prisoner in three or four yards from the door; I went a little way behind them to hear what they said to each other; I rapped the prisoner on the shoulder, and said, friend, you have got something of mine there; he had his hands behind him under his coat; he swore a great oath, and shifted the apron out of one hand into the other; he then took his left-hand out, then he swore again; I said, I will see what you have got; then he shifted it into his left-hand by putting that behind him, and gave me a blow on my temple with his right; I said, for all that I will see what you have got; he went to give me another blow; I stooped down to save the blow, and catched hold of the string of the apron, and got it from under his coat; it went to the ground immediately.

Prisoner's defence.

I was going up the lane about my business, this man came and laid hold of me, and said, you have been in my house; I said, you are wrong, and turned about and pushed him, I believe I might strike him; I did strike him when I got up to the top of the lane; I said, what do you mean by that; he raised a mob round me; I came along with him; he said, you stole an apron from me; I never saw it till before the Alderman.

He called Anne Jacobs , his own sister, Sarah Preslow , Mary Maden , and William Dawson , who gave him a good character.

Guilty 6 d. W .

Eliz. Currey.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-17
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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294. (M.) Eliz. Currey, otherwise M'Grath , widow , was indicted for stealing ten linen handkerchiefs, value 20 s. the property of Deborah Sharpless , widow , privately in the shop of the said Deborah , May 14 . ++

Jane Sharpless . Deborah Sharpless is my mother; we live in Hanway-street , and keep a linen-draper's shop ; the prisoner came to our shop the 14th of May, I never saw her before, there were two women with her; I missed a parcel of handkerchiefs before they went out of the shop; I insisted upon searching the prisoner; she got out of the shop and ran away; I called, stop thief; she was taken and brought back; I did not see her take them, but I saw her quilted petticoat up at the time I just missed them; she was taken before Sir John Fielding ; she denied taking them; both the other women ran away also; I never saw the piece of handkerchiefs again.

Nicholas Steel . I was desired to go over to Mr. Sharpless's shop; I went; I questioned the prisosoner as to the theft; she denied it a considerable time; I said it would bring her to the Old-Bailey; she said, if she was to be hanged for it she would not tell an untruth; she told me Mrs. Kelly had run away with them, she was one of the women; I went in search of her, but could not find her.

Elizabeth Reed . I saw a man standing at a gateway some time; the prisoner ran up a court by him, and dropped something; the man picked it up, and put it between his coat and waistcoat, and ran away with it; he turned to the right, and the prisoner to the left; I saw only her back part, but it was the same person I believe that was brought back.

Martha Pearce . I saw the woman at the bar run out of Mrs. Sharpless's shop, and under the gateway, and drop the handkerchiefs from under her cloaths, on her right hand side; they were something white, and striped borders; she had like to have dropped her cloak. I saw them taken up, but do not know by who; he turned to the right, and she to the left at the same time; Mrs. Sharpless ran out of her shop, and cried, stop thief.

Q. to Mrs. Sharpless. What sort of handkerchiefs were they?

Mrs. Sharpless. They were striped borders kenting, folded up, not in paper.

Prisoner's defence.

I was going out and met an acquaintance, a market woman; she said she had been hiring a girl in Tottenham Court-road; she said she wanted to buy her a handkerchief; I went into the shop with her, but never touched a handkerchief; as I was going out at the door, she said I had dropped something; I went down the street; I did not see the woman my acquaintance coming after me. I came back again, then they said I had taken the handkerchiefs, and a young woman said she saw a man take them up.

she called Eliz Beaumont of Paul's-wharf, who had known her 20 years, Mary Gibson of Long lane 16, Catharine Sheridan of Poppin's-alley four, and Elizabeth Gambling three or four; who said she worked hard in selling fruit about the streets, and was very honest.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d. T .

Philip Helingford.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-18
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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295. (M.) Philip Helingford was indicted for stealing two brass cocks, weight 60 pounds, value 30 s. the property of Matthew Yandle , May 16 . +

Matthew Yandle . I have a place at Hoxton , a printing-shop and dye-house ; I left it, and went to Wandsworth, and left the keys with Mr. Brickinshire, about a fortnight ago; I had word somebody had got into my dye-house, and cut some of the coppers and cocks; I went, and found the coppers had been cut, so that they must be made use of as old copper, and the cocks cut off.

George Brickinshire . I live at Hoxton, and am a brickmaker; last Saturday was a fortnight, in the afternoon, I was paying my men, and Denham that works for me, came and said, there are two men cutting the coppers with a hatchet; I took some of my men, and went in order to catch them; when we came to the end of the garden, one of the boys said, the men are run away; we set out after them round the field, and one of them had hid himself in a ditch of water, that was the evidence; he was asked, what he wanted there; he said he was a bird's-nesting; I took him before Justice Palmer; there Denham swore he was one of them; then he confessed all the fact; his name is Gregory.

John Denham . I looked through a hole in the dye-house, and saw the prisoner and evidence knocking at the copper; I said, halloo; they said the same; they opened the door and ran away; I ran and told Mr. Brickinshire of them.

Edward Gregory . The prisoner was along with me at the place where these things were cut off, in order to carry away to sell; we knocked the cocks off with the poker, which was in the dye-house.

Prisoner's defence.

Gregory did it all himself, and said, if I did not help him to get a good load, he would knock me down with the poker: I was in the copper at the time he was knocking it; I never was concerned in my life before I was with him; he said he had got so good a friend, that would save him, let him do what he will; he called me out of my house to go with him.

Guilty . T .

(M.) He was a second time indicted for stealing 140 pounds weight of lead, value 12 s. the property of Matthew Yandle , being fixed to a certain brick building, belonging to the said Matthew , May 16 . +

This fact was committed at the same time the other was, being the lead that was placed round the coppers, &c.

Guilty . T .

Joseph Morehane.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-19
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty > lesser offence; Guilty

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296. (M.) Joseph Morehane was indicted for that he, on the 1st of May , about the hour of twelve in the night, the dwelling-house of John Bouvilla did break and enter, and stealing ten pair of silk stockings, value 3 l. one pair of shoe-buckles, value 5 s. one hat, value 10 s. and a silver cream-pot, value 10 s. the property of the said John . *

John Bouvilla . I live in New Bond-street ; on the first of May, at night, my house was broke open; I went to bed over night between eleven and twelve, all the house was safe at that time; I came down at six in the morning; I found some letters, and eight pair of silk stockings lying on a table in the parlour; they were not there over night; I missed about ten or twelve pair of silk stockings; I found the cupboard open; the kitchen-door the hinges were broke; this opens to the stair-case. I perceived nothing broke, so as to let any body into the house; I do not charge the prisoner with breaking into the house; there was somebody concealed in the kitchen, as I imagine; I suppose he got out by opening the street door, that was bolted when I went to bed; but in the morning it was only on the spring-lock, unbolted, and the bar off; I missed my silver buckles out of my shoes, a silver cream-pot, and a hat, all out of the parlour; the next day I went to Justice Fielding, and got it advertised; Martha Richards brought some of the things to Sir John, I saw her there about five or six days after I lost them, as near as I can tell; (the cream pot and some stockings produced in court.) I know the cream pot to be mine, and the five pair of stockings I believe to be mine, but I will not swear to them; they are the same sort as I lost; I saw the prisoner at Sir John Fielding 's; I saw them take this hat (produced in court) my property, from off his head.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Bouvilla. Yes, he was a servant to Mrs Oliver; he had lived in our house, and left it about two months.

Q. Was heat your house that day, do you know?

Bouvilla. Not as I know of; the prisoner confessed before Sir John, that he had taken the stockings; because I would not swear to the stockings, Sir John asked him where he had them; he said he had taken them from me.

Martha Richards . I live at Pancras; the prisoner brought this cream pot to my house the 2d of May, in the morning, about five o'clock; he brought a bundle of other things, and in it was this pot; he desired to leave the bundle with me; he left it, and went away; he came back in about an hour afterwards; he sat down and breakfasted with me; then he opened the bundle, and said, his lady would be extremely angry with him for opening the things; in it I saw the cream-pot and nine pair of silk stockings; he said he must have the smallest pair away with him; he took away one pair, and left the other for me to take care of for him; he said he came from Salt-hill; he came again on the Monday, and fetched away two pair of stockings, and on the Tuesday two pair more; and on the Thursday he came again, and fetched the other things; he put the cream-pot in his pocket; it made such a bundle, he took it out, and left it with me; after that, I was told there was such a cream-pot advertised; then I went and carried it to Sir John Fielding .

Q. How came he to come to your house?

M. Richards. I had but little knowledge of him; he might come to my house to breakfast, as other people do.

John Brooks . My master is a pawnbroker, at the corner of the Bull and Gate inn, Holbourn; the prisoner brought these silver buckles, (produced and deposed to) on the 2d of May; he wanted 5 s. 3 d. on them; we let him have it, and the 4th he brought a pair of stockings.

Thomas Nash . I am a pawnbroker's servant; the prisoner brought a pair of silk stockings on the 5th of May; (produced and deposed to.)

William Halliburton . I was at the taking the prisoner; this hat he had upon his head; he was taken at Mrs. Richards's house; I think he was taken the 12th of May; we took him before Sir John; he owned there he had taken the cream-pot, and owned he had taken the stockings, and where they were to be found.

John Heley . I took the prisoner; he had this hat on his head; I heard him say he had stole these things, and he gave me directions where to find the stockings.

Prisoner's defence.

I have nothing to say for myself; it is the first offence I ever was guilty of; I hope the Court will be merciful. Guilty of stealing, but not of the burglary .

(M.) He was a second time indicted for breaking the dwelling-house of Jane Oliver , widow , on the 11th of May , in the night time, and stealing two cloth coats, value 20 s. six china dishes, value 6 s. six china plates, and one china bowl, the property of the said Jane . *

William Hollings . Mrs. Oliver lives at Isleworth; she had lodgings at Mr. Bouvilla's; the prisoner had left her service before the 11th of May, and I had lived with her about six weeks; I found the sash of the fore parlour about half a yard up on the 12th of May, which was down over night; that window opens into the garden.

Q. What time did you first see it?

Hollings. It was sometime near dinner-time; we missed half a dozen desert china plates, half a dozen china dishes, and a china punch-bowl; they were all in the parlour over night; that parlour was not used in common, it was a kind of a storeroom; I looked out at the window, and saw a pair of steps.

Q. Was the window-shutters bolted over-night?

Hollings. No, they were not; I will not be sure they were put too, and there was no fastening to the sash; I saw the things again at Sir John Fielding 's, I believe the next day; they are the same patterns; (produced in court) I heard the prisoner say he took them out of Mrs. Oliver's house.

Thomas Bird . I was Mrs. Oliver's coachman; she came and told us she had lost some things out of her parlour, between nine and ten the next morning. I went to the coach, and missed two great coats that I had left on the box over night in the coach-house; the doors were not fast.

Martha Richards . The prisoner came to my house between six and seven again, with the china in a basket, then he was taken; this was on the 12th of May; this looks like the same china.

William Halliburton . We were waiting at Mrs. Richards's for the prisoner's coming that morning; between six and seven o'clock he came in with the china; I heard him own before Sir John Fielding , that he took the things from Mrs. Oliver's.

Prisoner's defence.

I own I was guilty of taking the two coats from off the coach, and the china out of the little room at the window. Guilty of stealing the goods only .

(M.) He was a third time indicted, for that he, on the 18th of April , the dwelling-house of Jane Oliver did break and enter, and stealing two cloth surtout coats, value 10 s. one other cloth coat, value 15 s. two men's hats, edged with silver lace, and a pair of shag breeches, the property of the said Jane; one other cloth coat, value 5 s. and one waistcoat, the property of John Adams , in the dwelling-house of the said Jane . *

John Adams . I lived with Mrs. Oliver. On the 18th of April, when I came down, about six in the morning, or a little after, I missed a shirt from off the dresser in the kitchen, which I had put there over night; I found the door that goes out of the house into the garden open; I went out, and found a great ladder up against the side of the house, it stood up against a cistern, and the window above the cistern was open. I observed the print of a man's foot at the foot of the ladder; I went up stairs, and missed a coat, waistcoat, and hat from the room over the kitchen, where the sash window was open that looks into the cistern; I had put them into that room but two or three days before; there were three of my mistress's coats, that is, servants coats, missing out of the room; the prisoner had lived most of his time he lived with my mistress in that house, at the same time she lodged in Bond-street she lived there, at Isleworth; there were two silver-laced hats lost out of the kitchen below stairs; we left no candle in the kitchen when we went to bed, but I found a candle had been cut in the night; it was left on the table in the kitchen, and had been burnt about half out; I came directly to Sir John Fielding , and he ordered out hand bills, and had the things advertised: I saw some of my cloaths about two days after at Sir John Fielding 's, two livery coats and three hats, a coat and waistcoat; when the prisoner was taken up, he owned he had taken my cloaths that were in the room with the others.

Q. Did he mention how he came into the house?

Adams. I did not hear him mention that.

Thomas Bird . I was servant to Mrs. Oliver at this time; I saw a chair standing by the fire before six o'clock, the contrary way from what they were over night; then I went and opened the back door that goes into the garden; then I came back into the kitchen, and found about a pound or a pound and a half of butter gone, and a knife lying by the butter, and a candle standing on the table in the back kitchen; it had been lighted; I found the back kitchen door had been unbolted that leads into the yard.

Q. Could you go into the street from that yard?

Bird. We could; then my fellow-servant came to me, and said somebody had been in the house; then I went into the yard, and saw the ladder stand; we came in, and went up stairs, and missed the cloaths; the window of the room was open.

Q. Do you know whether that window was fast over night?

Bird. I was up in that room about four o'clock in the afternoon, and it was fast then; there were some table linen that had been in a basket over night was laid out upon the dresser; I know we carried away all the bits of candle when we went to bed, and I know there was neither candle nor candlestick in the back kitchen over night; what we found there was a whole candle burnt half out.

Q. Is it light enough to see any thing in that kitchen in the day time?

Bird. Yes, it is; there are windows, but no shutters to them; I heard the prisoner, before Sir John Fielding , own he took the things; and when he was in prison, he gave me a note of the place where the coat and waistcoat were pawned.

Margaret Tunbridge . I keep an old cloaths shop in Rosemary-lane. On Easter Monday, about 12 o'clock, the prisoner came by with two bundles; some of these livery cloaths were hanging out; I asked him, if he had any thing to sell; he said, yes, but may be they will not suit you, they are nothing but livery cloaths; he came in and shewed me three hats; there were brown cloaths lay under the hats; he said they were his own cloaths, and he must get them done up against he went to his new place; I think he said he lived at the Duke of Bolton's and that these were his livery; he said he had lived there nine months; I said, I think these cloaths are too big for you; he said, yes, they were wore before he had them by another servant. I took up a hat, and said, that is too big for you; he said it was, but the band would take it in; I bought the cloaths, and had not sat down five minutes before Mr. Fielding's man brought the bills of their being stolen; then I was advised to carry the cloaths to Sir John Fielding ; I went with them, and described the man that brought them; (produced and deposed to.)

John Brooks . The 20th of April, some time in the afternoon, the prisoner pledged this brown coat and waistcoat at our house.

Prisoner's defence.

I own concealing myself in the house, and carrying the things away.

Guilty . Death .

Samuel Marks, John Rider.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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297, 298. (M.) Samuel Marks and John Rider , were indicted for stealing a rabbit plane, value 18 d. a pilaster plane, value 1 s. a dovetail saw, value 5 s. a trying plane, value 18 d. and a bead plane, value 12 d. the property of Absalom Hughes , May 8 . *

Absalom Hughes . I am a carpenter and joiner , so are the prisoners. I live in Chesterfield-street; I lost the tools mentioned in the indictment (mentioning them) out of the house where I was at work, some time on the 8th of May in the night; the prisoners had worked for me about a week or nine days before, and I found them all again but the dovetail saw, where the prisoners were at work, about nine days after; Rider said he knew nothing of the taking them; Marks took me to the place where the dovetail saw was pawned, and I got that again; (the tools produced and deposed to.)

Thomas Sutton . I am a pawnbroker in Oxford-road. My mistress took in the saw; I delivered it to Hughes; I was not present when she took it in, she is not here.

Marks's defence.

I was articled with Mr. Davis and Mr. Hughes, and they were to find me in tools; and work ran short, and Mr. Davis gave me leave to go out and get a job, and I took them tools to do my work with.

Prosecutor. I did not know he had any thing to do with the tools after he was gone from us; when he worked with us, we agreed to let him have tools if he got a job.

John Davis . Hughes is my partner; Marks was my apprentice; he had been bound to me about three quarters of a year; I have been partner with Hughes a little better than 12 months; Hughes and I agreed to find Marks in tools; there was a difference between Hughes and I, and we agreed to let him look out for a job for himself till we were settled again; sometimes he came and had

my tools, and sometimes my partner's; Hughes was as liable to find him tools as I was, he gave him free consent as well as I did.

Both Acquitted .

Daniel M'Daniel.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-21

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299. (M.) Daniel M'Daniel was indicted for stealing twelve yards of woollen cloth, value 4 l. the property of William Philips , June 2 . *

William Martin . I am shopman to Mr. Philips, a woollen-draper in Bear-street . Last Tuesday about five in the afternoon, I was stooping down to get some chips to light the fire; when I looked up I saw the prisoner at the door going out, I did not see him come in; thinking he had taken something from the shop, I missed a piece of cloth from the counter; I followed him, and saw him with it under his arm; he ran, and I after him, and called, stop thief; he ran round into the next street, there he dropped the piece; I took it up; the mob ran after him and caught him, and brought him back to our shop. I asked him how he could go to do such a thing, he seemed very much in liquor. (The cloth produced and deposed to)

William Caddey . I live facing Mr. Philips's. I saw the prisoner with the cloth under his arm, walking as fast as he could walk; the evidence came after him, and called stop thief; he then ran, and I ran after him; he dropped the cloth; Mr. Martin took that up; I followed the prisoner; he was stopped; I went up to him, he seemed very full of liquor; we brought him back, and he was committed.

Prisoner's defence.

I am ignorant of the crime laid to my charge. I happened of a friend that came from Scotland; I went to an alehouse with him and drank, and sometime after I was in prison, I did not know what was come to me. I am a soldier in the 3d regiment of guards .

To his character.

James Earle . The prisoner has a very good character as a soldier, as clean a man as any in the company. I know nothing as to his honesty.

Q. to Caddey. Was the soldier in his soldier's dress?

Caddey. He was not, he was dressed as he is now.

Samuel Morris . The prisoner lodged with me nine months; he is a quiet hard working man in any labouring work; he had been drinking vastly that day; I never heard any thing to his dishonesty.

Catharine Cossel . I have known him six or eight months; I never was more surprized in my life, than when I heard of this unfortunate affair; I am sure it was owing to liquor.

Guilty . T .

Mary Smith.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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300. (M.) Mary, wife of John Smith , was indicted for stealing a pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. one half guinea, one nine shilling piece, seven quarter guineas, and 20 s. in money numbered , the property of Elias Jeggot , March 9 . *

Frances Jeggot . I am wife to Elias Jeggot ; Smith the prisoner and I, were both neighbours, in the alms-houses in Spitalfields ; I have a husband that lives with another woman; the prisoner had pawned her husband's shirt and her boy's shirt, and her husband swore he would kill her, and I let her lie along with me; this was about a month before I lost my money; the stockings were taken out of my work-basket, but I do not know the exact time; I saw her take them, but did not ask her for them again, for fear her husband should overhear us, as he had said he would murder her; I never saw them since; I lost one half guinea, one nine shilling piece, seven quarter guineas, six half crowns, and a crown piece, on the 9th of March, about eight or nine at night; I unhappily fell asleep, and cannot tell how long I slept; I was sitting in a chair.

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

F. Jeggot. I was sober.

Q. Who was in the room when you went to sleep?

F. Jeggot. My husband was.

Q. Was the prisoner in the room?

F. Jeggot. No, she was not; my money was in my pocket, and my pocket by my side; when I awaked, I missed my money directly, then the prisoner was in the room and my husband was gone; I asked her where my money was gone; she said my husband had got it; I went to see for him, and was almost murdered in going after him; I never got my money again.

Q. Did you ask your husband about it?

F. Jeggot. Yes; he said he had not 50 s. of it; he said Mrs. Smith laid it before him, and said he was a d - d fool if he did not take it all. The prisoner d - d me to my face, and said she had part of the money, and if it was to be done again she would do it.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been at work; I never saw the money no more than I see it this instant; this woman was much in liquor; I was called in; she lay in an

indecent manner, not fit to be mentioned.

Acquitted .

William Dadsley.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-23

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301. (L.) William Dadsley was indicted for stealing a hempen rope called a cable, containing 70 yards, value 40 s. the property of Richard Dixon and John Spencer . +

Francis Smith . I am employed under Richard Dixon and John Spencer, they are carpenters belonging to Black-friars bridge ; we having lost a great deal of rope at the works there, I got a warrant from Sir John Fielding , and had it backed by my Lord-Mayor; I took the prisoner up upon suspicion, and he was committed to the Compter; some cable was taken away on the 26th or 27th of February last, about seventy yards of it; I went to him after he was in the Compter, and asked him whether he knew any thing of the rope; he said, yes, he had taken some away, and had sold it to William Joyner at King James's-stairs, Wapping, and owned it was the very cable we lost at that time; we got a search-warrant and went there, but found none there that I could swear to.

Q. Whose property was that rope?

Smith It was the property of Mess. Dixon and Spencer; the prisoner said it weighed 300 and a half weight.

Nicholas Love . I am a mason, the foreman to the bridge; I was with the prisoner when before my Lord-Mayor, there he confessed he had taken the rope.

Prisoner's defence.

Richard Coe * came to me and asked me to go along with him; he took me to the place and took the rope, and carried it down to King James's-stairs, and sold it.

Guilty . T .

* See Coe, No 279.

Anne .
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-24
VerdictNot Guilty

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302. (L) Anne, wife of Joseph Clark , was indicted for stealing four linen gowns, two silk gowns, a silk petticoat, and two dimity petticoats, in all to the amount of 39 s. the property of Daniel de Caasto , May 15 . +

Daniel de Caasto. The prisoner was my servant . On the 15th of last May at night, she went up to go to bed; she called out the staple of her door was broke; I went and looked, and found the staple was quite out; there was a trunk my property in her room; I had it brought into my chamber, thinking it not secure as the staple was out; I examined it, and found the things mentioned in the indictment were missing; the hinges of the trunk were taken off.

Q. Did you find it locked or open?

Caasto. I found it locked; I called and told her I missed four linen gowns, two silk ones, a silk petticoat, and two dimity ones; I said, I beg if you have concealed them in any place, or pawned them, I will not prosecute you if will confess; she went down on her knees, and said, she knew nothing of them; I said, I would charge a constable with her; she said, so I might; I sent for one; when he came, both he and I begged of her to declare the truth; she would not, and went on her knees again, and swore she knew nothing of them; I then charged the constable with her on suspicion of the robbery, and she was carried to the Compter. The next morning the constable came and told me he had all my things; then I went and took her before my Lord Mayor; there she owned she had taken them, and said she was sorry for it.

Thomas Street. I am a constable I had charge of the prisoner. One of our watchmen came about four o'clock in the morning, and said there were some things lodged in a room, over the room he lodged in; I went there, and found all the things mentioned; I carried her to the Compter, and the next morning she owned she had taken them, and said she was not the first that had been guilty of felony.

Sarah Sparks . The prisoner is a countrywoman of mine, from Woolverhampton in Staffordshire; she told me she was coming out of her place; she brought these things when I was not at home, and left them in the watchman's room, named Ford, and when I came home I took them into my room.

Walter Ford I am a watchman belonging to Aldgate ward; when I came home that morning, I was informed there were some things left in my room for this last witness; when she came home, my wife bid her take them into her room; hearing of this affair, I 1mentioned the things to the constable.

Prisoner's defence.

I have had so much trouble with my husband, that I am hardly sensible of what I do; he uses me very ill.

To her character.

Mary Delare . The prisoner lived with my mother very near twelve months; she went from our service about half a year ago; she was a very honest sober person.

Q. Where did she marry from?

M. Delare. I do not know.

Matthias Marshall . I have known her 14 years.

Q. Is she a married woman?

Marshall. She has been married about five or six months I believe.

Q. What is her husband?

Marshall. He is a seafaring man; I never saw him but once, that was the day he married her.

Q. Do you live near her?

Marshall. I do.

Q. Do you know any thing of his ill treating her?

Marshall. No, I do not; she sometimes is very foolish.

Q. In what?

Marshall. In regard to her speeches, in not knowing what she is going about.

Q. Where do you live?

Marshall. I live in Cock-lane, Shoreditch; she lived in the same place when she was out of place.

Q. How long has the prisoner ever lived there at a time?

Marshall. She has lived there a week or a fortnight at a time, and she was in my apartment at times; she lived chiefly at public-houses.

Q. If she had wanted money, should you have been willing to lend her any?

Marshall. I cannot say whether I should or not.

Q. Why, for what reason?

Marshall. Because it was not in her power to have paid me again.

Q. Have you no other reason?

Marshall. No.

Q. to prosecutor. Did she come to you as a married woman?

Prosecutor. She told me she was married?

Q. Did you trust her in common about your house, how was she as to understanding?

Prosecutor. She had the care of a child four or five months old, and took a great deal of care of it.

Q. How long did she live at your house?

Prosecutor. About two months and a half.

Guilty . T .

Michael Cormick.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-25
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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303. (L.) Michael Cormick was indicted for stealing twelve painting brushes, value 5 s. the property of Margaret Grant , widow , May 6 . +

Margaret Grant . I keep a brush-maker's shop . On Wednesday the 6th of May, about three or four in the afternoon, the prisoner came into my shop, I had used to buy thrums of him; he asked me if I wanted any thrums; (we use them in our business:) after he was gone, we missed twelve painting brushes; they were brought home afterwards by Mr. Welbank.

William Welbank . I keep a turner's shop. On Wednesday the 6th of May, in the evening, the prisoner came to me, and asked me if I would buy a dozen of brushes; he asked half a crown for them; I thought that was much under the value; I decoyed him within doors, by telling him I would send for a neighbour, to know whether they were worth the money. I asked him how he came by them; he said, he had them of one Mr. Moor, in Mark-lane, in exchange for thrums. I was going to send for Mr. Moor, but the prisoner desired me not to send for him; soon after, he said he found them by London-bridge, and after that, he said by Westminster-bridge; he seemed to be poor, and out of compassion I did not take him up; I sent my boy to watch where he lived; then by enquiring, I found the brushes belonged to Mrs. Grant.

John Trigg . These brushes (produced in court) were brought to me by Mr. Welbank's boy; I am sure they are Mrs. Grant's brushes; I marked them myself when they came from the maker, and fixed the price upon them.

Welbank. I am sure these are the brushes the prisoner offered to me to sell.

Prisoner's defence.

I found these brushes in Charles-street, Westminster; I did offer to sell them to Mr. Welbank; I asked too low a price; as they cost me nothing, I could afford to sell them cheap; I told him I had found them.

To his character.

James Bagnell . I once was clerk to Mr. Goodchild; I had the management of a factory in the country where the prisoner worked; I never heard any thing alledged against him in my life.

Q. How long is that ago?

Bagnell. That is about fifteen years ago; I have known him since; I never heard any thing against him in my life.

John Carey . I have known him about eighteen months; I never heard anything laid to his charge.

James Braddock . The prisoner has been a lodger of mine a year and three quarters; he is by trade a weaver, and a very hard-working man. I know of no ill by him.

Q. What does he get a week?

Braddock. He buys thrums of master weavers , and by that and his wages he and his family can get 15 or 16 s. a week.

Guilty 10 d. T .

Thomas Smith.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-26

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304. (L.) Thomas Smith was indicted for stealing two quartern loaves, value 10 d. the property of James Rutherford , May 16 . *

James Rutherford . I am a baker , and live in Cannon street. On the 16th of May, my apprentice Charles Steward , brought the prisoner to my

house, and said he had stolen two quartern loaves out of his basket; the prisoner had the two loaves, and he delivered them into my hands; he confessed he had taken them, and offered to pay me for them if I would let him go, and took out of his pocket two or three shillings.

Charles Steward On Saturday the 16th of May, I was serving my customers, as usual; I pitched my basket in Lawrence Poultney-lane , about two o'clock, and went to deliver two threepenny loaves, not out of fight of my basket; I saw the prisoner take two quartern loaves out of my basket; he put them under his arm and ran away with them, and I ran after him, and overtook him in Birchin-lane; I took hold of his arm, and desired him to come and put the bread where he had taken it from; he seemed very much surprized, and said he was going to serve his customers; I desired him again to come and put the bread where he found it; he took some silver out of his pocket, and offered to pay for the loaves, and asked how much they came to; I refused the money, and said, I did not want to be paid; then he offered me the bread again, and I refused it; there were two young men who made him bring them along with me to my master's house.

Q What money did he produce?

Steward. He pulled out two or three shillings, and a sixpence or two; my master charged a constable with him, and took him before my Lord-Mayor.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been ailing a long time of the ague and fever, and I took two loaves out of the basket; I was almost starving, and the prosecutor was so good to give me one of the loaves.

Q. to prosecutor. Did you give the prisoner any bread?

Prosecutor. I did, after he was committed; he asked me for one, and I gave him one. I should not have given the Court this trouble, only within about six weeks I have lost twenty-two quartern loaves.

Guilty . T .

See him an evidence against Christopher Lare , No 179, in this Mayoralty, for stealing four quartern loaves.

James Clements.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-27

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305. (L) James Clements was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Peter Smith , May 12 . *

Peter Smith . On the 12th of May, between eight and nine in the evening, I was going down Snow-hill ; at the bottom of the hill I heard somebody call, You Sir, in the whitish coat! I stopped; a man came to me, and said, your pocket is picked; he said, turn back, the pickpocket is in custody, and the handkerchief is upon him; I turned back, and saw the prisoner in the hands of Mr. Holmes, and my handkerchief; the prisoner begged I would forgive him; (the handkerchief produced and deposed to.)

Jasper Holmes. On the 12th of May, about nine in the evening, I was coming from the King's Arms, at Holbourn-bridge; I saw the prisoner draw this handkerchief out of the prosecutor's right-hand pocket; I was crossing the way, not above four yards from him; I laid hold of his hand with the handkerchief in it, and called to the young man; he came and owned it.

Prisoner's defence.

Coming down Snow-hill, there were two or three other people walking by the gentleman; the handkerchief came flump against my apron, and I picked it up, and that man got hold of me, and said he saw me take it out of the gentleman's pocket.

Guilty . T .

William Doyle.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-28

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306. (L.) William Doyle was indicted for stealing a mahogany tea-chest, value 3 s. one tea-cannister, and a quarter of a pound of tea, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Houghton , May 7 . *

Mrs. Houghton. I am wife to Thomas Houghton , we live in Foster-lane ; I lost a tea-chest, with a single cannister full of green tea in it, from out of our parlour, on the seventh of May, between eleven and twelve at noon. I have a shop at the 'Change, and my apprentice came and told me of it; after that, it was advertised in the Saturday's paper, and a gentleman came and informed me about it; he had before heard we had lost it; I sent our boy to the constable's house where it was to be seen. The constable came to me on the Sunday morning; I told him if it was mine, it had a single cannister in it, and described it.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Mrs. Houghton. I have seen him before, but I know nothing of him.

Daniel Waldron . I live in Basinghall-street. On the 7th of May, about twelve o'clock in the day, I found the prisoner in my parlour, he had this tea-chest in his hand; I asked him what business he had there; he said he was an apprentice to a cabinet-maker, and he brought it for one Mrs. Walters, and that he came from one Mr. Walters in Foster-lane; he told me a great number of lies, the street-door being open, I stopped him, and sent a person to Foster-lane, to know if there was any such person, but found there was not. He

was taken before the sitting Alderman; there he said it belonged to one Mrs. Swift; there was one of that name sent for, but she said she knew nothing of the chest or him either; we advertised the chest on the Saturday, and Mrs. Houghton came and owned it on the Monday; (produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I went up to a young fellow that was in the hospital, he asked me to drink; we drank about five or six pints; coming home to my father's in Coleman-street, when I got into Lothbury, a man met me, and asked whether I knew Basinghall-street; I said, that is it before me; we went into a place by Guildhall; said he, my lad, I should be glad if you will take this tea-chest till I go to enquire for the people I am to carry it to, that is one Mrs. Walters, but I do not know the house; I went into Basinghall-street, and asked several people if they knew Mrs. Walters; I went into that gentleman's house, and asked for Mrs. Walters; the man said, no such person lives here, what business have you in the entry; I said, I did not come for any harm, I want to find Mrs. Walters, because a gentleman left this chest in my care.

Waldron. He had been up to my bureau, I could see the marks of his feet.

Prisoner. That was made by a dog belonging to one Mr. Wicks; I did live in Lothbury; I did live at the City Arms, and Mansion-house alehouses; my father-in-law is a sailor, and my mother is a cook.

Guilty . T .

Richard Spindler.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-29

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307. (L.) Richard Spindler was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of Thomas Bentley , May 18 . *

Thomas Bentley . On the 18th of May, about half an hour past nine at night, a lady came behind me; she asked me if I had not lost my handkerchief; I found I had; we went a little on before I thought to turn back; my acquaintance that was with me said, you may as well go back; the gentlewoman pointed to the prisoner, and said, that was the man; we went and took him to the watch-house, and gave the constable charge of him; he was searched, and the handkerchief found upon him; (produced and deposed' to.)

Q. Did you see the prisoner near you?

Bentley. No, I do not remember I did.

George Pennock . I was the constable of the night; the prosecutor brought the prisoner to me at the watch -house, and charged him with picking his pocket of his handkerchief; I asked him if he had seen it since; he said, no; I ordered a watchman to search him, and this handkerchief was found in his pocket.

Sarah Percival . I saw Mr Bentley coming down Holbourn , on the 18th of May at night; there was the prisoner and another at his pocket; I saw the prisoner take a handkerchief out of his pocket; I stepped to him and informed him of it. I have seen the prisoner and other persons, pick many gentlemen's pockets this last winter.

Prisoner's defence.

I drank a pint of purl at the Three Tuns, and coming up Snow-hill, I saw the handkerchief lying on the ground; I took it up and put it in my pocket.

Prosecutor. When the prisoner was examined before the Alderman, he said he was guilty.

Guilty . T .

James Mann.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-30

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308. (L.) James Mann was indicted for stealing a woollen cloth cushion, belonging to the inside of a coach, called a coach-seat, value 10 s. the property of Joseph Salvadore , Esq ; May 16 . *

James Robinson . I am coachman to Mr. Salvadore; I saw the cushion after eight o'clock, and before ten it was missing; it was advertised a guinea reward, and it was brought home the Tuesday following, being the 19th, by Hugh Riley ; (produced and deposed to.)

Hugh Riley . I am a watchman in St. Andrew's parish, my beat goes as far as Union-court; I went in there at the hour of two, there was no body in the court then; I went there again at half an hour after two, this was on the Sunday morning; there lay the prisoner on this cushion in the court, at the farther end, it is opposite St. Andrew's church; I asked him what business he had there, and what he had got with him; he said, what is that to you, you impudent dog, what business have you to examine me, I'll mark you. I said, I'll see what you have got, or I'll hand you to the watch-house; I took him over to the watch-house; said he, you dog, I make such things as these. I had it to bind round; when he was at Guildhall he said he found it.

Mr. Wellings. I live in Camomile-street. On Monday Mr. Salvadore sent me word he had lost one of his coach-seats, and ordered me to advertise a guinea reward, for that and the man that stole it; the next day I was informed the prisoner had been before the sitting Alderman; I went to meet him; there I saw the seat, which, by comparing it with the other, I believe to be the property of Mr. Salvadore; I mean by the quilting, colour, and every particular.

Q. What did the prisoner say when he was charged with it?

Wellings. He said he found it.

Prisoner's defence.

I found it between ten and eleven o'clock that night, in the street; I lay down upon it, till the watchman came and awaked me; he said, what do you do here at this time of the night; I said, I shall do no harm; he said, what have you got there; I said, what I found, it is a cushion; then he said, I'll take you and the cushion up, to know who it belongs to.

Guilty . T .

John Vince.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-31

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309. (M) John Vince was indicted for stealing 100 yards of gold lace, value 5 l. half a yard of silk damask, value 12 d. one yard of dimity, and two yards of stuff for breeches , the property of James Campbell and Robert Douglas . May 13 . *

Robert Douglas . I and James Campbell are partners ; we live in Castle street, Leicester fields , we are taylors ; the prisoner was my partner's apprentice . On Monday morning the 11th of May, going to open my drawer in my cutting-room, I missed a considerable quantity of things; the drawer which we always keep locked I found open, that is unlocked; I missed a great deal of gold lace, near 100 yards; I am positive to 50 yards in one parcel.

Q. What servants do you keep that have access to that room?

Douglas. I have a foreman and clerk, who are both entrusted with the keys of this cutting-room, but nobody keeps the key of the drawer where the gold lace is but myself; I was at a loss who to accuse; upon hearing many stories of my apprentice's extravagancies, I had a mistrust of him. On the Wednesday morning the foreman, named James Campbell , and John Boulton, the clerk, were both in the cutting-room with me; I told them of the lace being gone, and that I suspected the apprentice; we agreed to go up stairs to search his room; we went up about ten in the morning;

the door was locked, I got it open; after some considerable about his bed, there was a bureau in the room, where was no lock; in one of the drawers the foreman found a piece of silk damask and a piece of dimity, which I know to be his property; we searched farther; the clerk looking behind the bureau, where was a fire-place, against which was a board put up between the chimney, and bureau, the clerk lay the end of a Money sword-belt; we removed the bureau; there lay a with a Morocco belt to it, a gold-laced hat and a bundle; we took and opened the bundle; there we found the gold lace, the whole of what I missed.

Q. How long had you missed it?

Douglas I missed it on the Monday, and found it on the Wednesday.

Q. Did any body lie in that room besides the prisoner?

Douglas. No, nobody but he lay there.

Q. Who had the use of that bureau?

Douglas. The prisoner only.

Q. Where was the prisoner at this time?

Douglas He was in the shop at work; I came down into the cutting-room and compared the dimity and damask, I found them to be my property. At Christmas, when I made up my inventory of my goods, these were then measured; (the lace, damask and dimity, hat, sword and belt produced in court;) then I went to Sir John Fielding , and told the affair to his clerk; he desired me to bring the lad and people with me; we went there; Sir John asked the prisoner how these things came into his room; he said he knew nothing about the lace; the handkerchief that the lace was tied up in, he said, was his own, and the sword and laced hat, the dimity and damask he said were mine, and owned he had taken them out of the shop, (not the cutting-shop,) Sir John committed him to the Gatehouse; we came home; after some time the clerk and foreman went up, and found some stockings, but I was not there.

Cross examination.

Q. How long have you been in partnership with Mr. Campbell?

Douglas. I have been in partnership with him three years come Midsummer.

Q. Did you use to correct him?

Douglas. I may have given him a slight touch with my hand.

Q. How often?

Douglas. Once or twice.

Q. Never above?

Douglas. I can say upon oath not above three times.

Q. Had he a lock to his room door?

Douglas. He had.

Q. Was that door never left open?

Douglas. It might for what I know.

Q. Who makes his bed?

Douglas. He does himself.

Q. Did he understand his business?

Douglas. He could work if he pleased.

Q. How long has he been Mr. Campbell's apprentice?

Douglas. About six years.

Q. Did you not suspect your other servants?

Douglas. No.

Q. Did you not suspect your clerk and foreman?

Douglas. I cannot say I did.

Q. Who first proposed searching the prisoner's room?

Douglas. It was I did, and they readily fell in with it?

Q. How did the prisoner say he came by the sword?

Douglas. He said he bought it of a man he met in the street.

James Campbell I am foreman to Mess. Campbell and Douglas; Mr. Douglas told his clerk and I he had lost a quantity of lace; he said he had no suspicion of us, but he had of the apprentice; he said he thought it would be very proper for me to go along with him, to see if we could find any thing in his bed-chamber; he went up, and I followed; he burst the door open; we examined a bureau that was there, and found this dimity in a drawer; Mr. Bolton, the clerk, followed us: at the time we were searching the bureau, Mr. Bolton looked behind the bureau, and observed a sword belt; he said there was a sword there; they moved some things, and he took up the belt and a sword from behind the bureau; there was a board before the fire place behind the bureau; there he found a bundle in a handkerchief, and a gold laced hat; he took them up, there was this gold lace in the bundle; I know we had been making the King and Queen's livery of such lace as this; we were so well pleased we did not examine farther at that time, but went down to the cutting-room, then we consulted what was proper to be done: after which we took the prisoner before Sir John Fielding , there he said he knew nothing of the lace; he confessed he took the dimity and damask, he said he found them in the shop;

he said he had missed a handkerchief (I think he said a month) and said the handkerchief the lace was in was his; the clerk and I went up to his room a second time, and found three pair of silk stockings, and a piece of black stocking stuff for breeches in a drawer, that appeared to be my master's property.

Q. Whose property is the lace?

Campbell. This is the same fort of gold lace we had been working on this three months.

Cross examination.

Q. How long is it since the prisoner complained of your beating him?

Campbell. It may be two months or six weeks ago.

Q. Have you not declared you would be revenged on him for telling of it?

Campbell. No, I never did.

John Bolton . I am clerk to Mr. Douglas. On Wednesday the 13th of May, in the morning, I was in the cutting-room, the finisher came in; Mr. Douglas shut the door, and said he had lost a large quantity of gold lace, and he suspected the apprentice; he proposed searching his room; he went up with the finisher, and broke open the door; I went up immediately after them; he searched the drawer of a bureau that was in the room; there he found this piece of dimity, and this piece of silk damask; he said, he believed they belonged to him; he searched to see if he could find any odd keys, and desired me to look under the bureau that stood before a fire-place, there was a board betwixt the chimney and the bureau; I looked, and could see part of a sword-belt; I pulled the bureau from before the fire-place and took away the board, there was the sword, sword belt, a handkerchief with something tied in it; Mr. Douglas opened it upon the bed; there was this gold lace here produced, some loose and some in a paper tied round with cord. I took an inventory of the goods at Christmas, and we examined it by that, and compared the lace and things with it, and we found they agreed; I heard the prisoner say before Sir John Fielding , he had taken this dimity and damask, and carried them up into his room, but said he knew nothing of the lace; I think he said the handkerchief (in which the lace was) was his own; I have seen him with it, and knew it to be his own.

Cross examination.

Q. Did you never borrow the key of his room?

Bolton. No, never; he never would trust me in his room alone; I never knew him part with the key to any body.

Q. How many keys were there to the room where the lace was?

Bolton. There were three keys to that, but the drawer in which the lace was, Mr. Douglas keeps that key himself.

Prisoner's defence.

If I owned any thing before the Justice of the dimity and damask, I know nothing of it, I know nothing of what they accuse me.

To his character.

Joseph Lloyd . I have known him from his infancy, but since he has been apprentice, I cannot say I know any thing of him; I never heard any thing bad of him from the time I did know him; I know his friends are reputable people.

William Peters . I knew him till he was bound an apprentice; I never heard any harm of him.

Thomas Porter . I have known him ever since he was born; I have seen him since he was an apprentice; I never heard any thing ill against him.

Elizabeth Eades . I have known him from his infancy; I saw him very often; I never heard any ill of him till this affair.

Henry Eades . I went to school with him; we were bound apprentices together; I have known him intimately six or seven years; I never saw or heard any thing against him; I don't believe but what he is a very honest young fellow.

Q. What are you bound to?

Eades. To a cutler.

Q. Did you ever wear a sword?

Eades. No, I never did; we make them for gentlemen.

Q. Did you ever sell the prisoner one?

Eades. No, I never did; I heard him complain he had lost a red and white handkerchief and a pair of knee-buckles, two months ago at his mother's.

Matthias Darling . I have known him about 14 or 15 years; during the time I lived in his father's house, he was a boy of very good morals as ever was seen; he has been several times at my house; I have sometimes a large charge about me, being a silver engraver, I would let him be in my house at all times; I did live close to his master.

Mr. Osbourn. I have known him 14 or 15 years; I live close by his father; he was always a sedate sober lad, I always took him to be so, I never heard any other.

Ferdinand Miller . I have known him eight or nine years; he has a very good character, a very honest sober lad.

William Chambers . I have known him from a child; I never heard any thing amiss of him till this affair.

Mr. Williams. I remember one night I was at the prisoner's father's, he was telling his mother he had lost his knee-buckles and a handkerchief; this is about three months ago.

Prosecutor. Here is an evidence here can give some account of the prisoner's extravagancies.

For the prosecution.

Peter Gibson is called.

Q. What is the general character the prisoner bears?

Peter Gibson . That of a very honest lad.

Guilty . T .

James Cunningham.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-32
VerdictNot Guilty

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310. (M.) James Cunningham was indicted, for that he on the King's highway, on Mary, the wife of Robert Booking , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and taking from her person 3 s. 6 d. in money numbered, the property of the said Robert , May 9 . *

Mary Booking . I live at the bottom of Well-street, my husband is a smith ; I carry out work which he makes, to sell among the brokers. I was coming along betwixt ten and eleven at night, on Saturday the 9th of May, on the top of Mill-yard , that is, I had got down Red Lion-street by Rosemary-lane, having been out with my husband's work; I had sold some small pokers for 3 s. 6 d. there was the prisoner and four other men; he came up first, and said, you b - h, lie down, and let me do so and so.

Q. Did you know him before?

M. Booking. I did, having seen him gambling on Tower-hill; he gave me a blow on my left breast and knocked me down; he stopped my mouth, and took my money out of my pocket as he lay upon me.

Q. What did he stop your mouth with?

M. Booking. With his right-hand, and took my money with his left, 3 s. 6 d. he said to the other, d - n her a b - h, we will carry her to such a place; one took me by my head, and others my heels and body, and carried me; and the prisoner who is called Jolly, stopped my mouth with horse-dung, that was while they were concerned with me; they all lay with me in the place where they carried me, the prisoner was the first; they carried me near a brewhouse; after they had all done, Jolly took a knife out and cut my gown in this form, (producing an old gown cut off about the knees;) I called out, murder; he knocked me down three times; they went' one way and I the other.

Q. When did you miss your money?

M. Booking. I missed that when he fell upon me; I am sure I felt his left-hand in my right-hand pocket, and none put their hand there but he.

Q. How far did they carry you?

M. Booking. They carried me as far as this table here in the court is long.

Q. Are you sure your money did not drop out of your pocket as they carried you?

M. Booking. I am sure it did not; he said, if I cried murder, he would come back and kill me. I felt in my pocket as soon as they were gone; then I went and got a warrant.

Q. How long after this did you get a warrant?

M. Booking. This was on a Saturday, and I got the warrant on the Wednesday.

Q. How came you not to get a warrant on the Monday?

M. Booking. I had not money to spare; he was taken up on the Monday following.

Prisoner's defence.

I was along with four lads; this woman came down dead drunk; she called James Taylor , one of them by name, he had been concerned with her before; she has been a common prostitute; she said, h ow goes it, Jim; he took her down to the bottom of the bank, and asked me to go along with him; he said, have you any money; she said she had but one penny, and that she would give towards a pot of beer; he took her round Well-close-square; they met the watch; she said, Jim, here is a watchman, let us turn back; he took her up Mill-yard to a stable; he and one Patten, and another lad were together there. As to her money I know nothing of it; she wants to swear my life away.

Q. to prosecutrix. Do you know James Taylor ?

Prosecutrix. I know no more of him than I do of my dying day.

Q. Did you go round Wellclose-square with any body that night?

Prosecutrix. No, I did not, with none of them.

James Brebrook . I should be very glad to be sworn, I know a good deal of it; I believe this poor fellow is ill used.

Prisoner. Let him be sworn.

He is sworn.

James Brebrook . I was before the bench of Justices in Whitechapel, when this woman came there for a warrant; Mr. Pell granted a warrant, and gave it to me to take him; there was nothing

said about the robbery at that time, I was by all the time; she charged him at last with stealing 3 s. 6 d. from her, and said there were three lay with her; the Justice would give no attention to that, but granted the warrant for an assault; I took him, and was at his examination, he was committed for an assault only.

Acquitted .

Patrick Welch.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-33
VerdictNot Guilty

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311. (M.) Patrick Welch was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 4 s. the property of James Woodhouse , May 2 . ++

James Woodhouse . I keep a public-house in Hertford ; the prisoner was quartered in my house, he is a soldier ; I missed it on a Sunday, I cannot tell the day of the month, it was about a month or six weeks ago; the prisoner went away on the Monday or Tuesday following.

Bernard Hyam . I keep a sale-shop in Rosemary-lane. The prisoner offered this silver table-spoon to sell, broke as it now is, (produced and deposed to by the letters E S on it;) the prisoner said, where he was servant in a house, the spoon fell down and broke; I seeing it could not be doubled and broke in that manner by a fall, I stopped it; I asked him where he brought it from; he said he came from the Queen's Arms at Hertford; he said a young man paid half a guinea for the spoon, and he found it afterwards tied up in a paper coming from Hertford; the next morning I secured him, and took him before Sir John Fielding .

Prisoner's defence.

I was along with a party, and was billetted at the prosecutor's house; I was going to work on a Wednesday morning about five o'clock; as I opened the gate coming out, I found this spoon wrapped up in a paper, I put it in my pocket; I was about a mile from the town where I worked; I did not understand the letters on it, I put it in my pocket; I came up from Hertford to London to see my wife; I offered to sell it to this gentleman for 5 s. an ounce; he said he would not give me that; I said, then you shall not have it; said he, I'll give you 3 s. for it; I would not take it; then he said he would give me 3 s. 6 d. I would not not let him have it; then he stopped it. I belong to the 36th regiment that now lies in Jamaica.

Acquitted .

Thomas Conner.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-34
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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312. (M.) Thomas Conner was indicted for stealing five linen handkerchiefs, value 10 s. the property of Sarah Muller , widow , privately in the shop of the said Sarah , May 12 . ++

Sarah Muller . I live in the Strand , and keep a shop there, and sell shirts, stocks, handkerchiefs , and other things. I was not at home when the handkerchiefs were lost; I lost four blue and white handkerchiefs, and one red and white one; the next morning, being the 12th of May, I was sent for to Sir John Fielding 's, there was the prisoner; a red and white one was found upon him; I swore one of mine was the same pattern.

John Noaks . I am a constable; there came a man and said some handkerchiefs were stole in the Strand, and there was a man with one of them in his pocket, and the other were pawned; he took me to the Crown and Cushion in Russel-street, there was the prisoner; Wright searched him, and found this handkerchief upon him, that is here produced.

Thomas Harrison . I am a pawnbroker. This handkerchief (producing a blue and white one) I took in of the prisoner, on the 12th of May; the man was in the Gatehouse before I knew of it.

Samuel M'Graphey. I live in Castle-street. I took in this blue and white handkerchief of I believe the prisoner, on the 12th of May about noon. (Produced in court.)

Edward Harman . I live with Mrs. Gibson, a pawnbroker in King-street, Seven Dials. The prisoner brought this blue and white handkerchief, and pledged it with me on the 12th of May between eleven and twelve o'clock. (Produced in court.)

They all upon being asked if they knew the prisoner before, they said they did not; the handkerchiefs were neither of them made up.

Q. to prosecutrix. Look at these three handkerchiefs.

Prosecutrix. It is a remarkable pattern, I lost such, I believe them to be mine.

Prisoner's defence.

I bought these handkerchiefs in a house in Covent-garden of a woman; I gave 6 s. for them, and I pawned them for money to go on in my business; I buy and sell old cloaths; I was bred a silversmith , but am not a good workman, and could not get constant employ.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

Anne Eaton.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-35
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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313. (M.) Anne Eaton , widow , was indicted for stealing a copper pot, value 5 s. and a copper saucepan, value 1 s. the property of Lunsden Chuterson , May 2 . ++

Lunsden Chuterson. I am a cabinet-maker , and live in Coventry-court in the Haymarket . On

the 2d of May a witness that is here called over to me, and asked-me whether I knew that woman that was just come out of my house with something under her arm; I went out and overtook her, it was the prisoner at the bar; she had a copper pot of mine under her left-arm, and a saucepan under her petticoats; I brought her back and took the things from her, and took her before Justice Wright; there she owned the fact before him and the constable; she was committed to the Gate-house; (the goods produced and deposed to.) I said to her when I laid hold of her, why did you take these foolish things, why did you not take a tea-kettle, (there was one where she had them that cost me half a guinea) she said, I should have come again for that.

Prisoner's defence.

I am a poor woman with one child in great distress; I met a woman that wanted me to write a few lines for her; she took me into a beer-house, and I wrote it for her; she gave me some liquor, I did imagine I had used these people with bad language: I was intoxicated, but could not tell what I had done when I was committed.

Q. to prosecutor. Did she appear to be in liquor?

Prosecutor. No, she did not; she said she had a child ten years of age; I saw a child here since she has been committed, I believe it is her child, she called it so, and it is like her.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Francis Brown.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-36

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314. (M.) Francis Brown was indicted for stealing two pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 20 s. the property of John Innocent , June 1 . ++

J. Innocent. I am a silversmith , and keep a shop in Little Newport-street . The prisoner came into my shop last Saturday, and cheapened a pair of buckles; I asked him 18 s. he bid me 12, and went away; then he came again on the Monday night, and asked to look at different patterns; I shewed him four different patterns; another Frenchman came in (I apprehend one of his accomplices) he said he wanted to sell some gold dust; the prisoner gave the Frenchman his place, and immediately ran out with two pair of silver buckles, I saw him take them; I ran after him, and pulled the other man out of my shop and shut the door; I seized the prisoner near Cranbourn-alley; he begged for mercy, and gave me the buckles, and asked pardon in his language, Monsieur, Pardon. (The backles produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner. I left a guinea and a half on the counter.

Prosecutor. He left none there, neither did he offer me any.

Guilty . T .

Moses Bareau.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-37

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315. (L.) Moses Bareau was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 5 s. and a crape-hat-band, value 6 d. the property of Joshua Crowden , May 20 . ++

Joshua Crowden . I am a cordwainer . Coming down Aldgate High-street on the 20th of May, about a quarter after eleven at night, at the end of Black-horse-yard, the prisoner took my hat off my head, there was a crape hat-band upon it; he ran up the yard with it; I ran after him as well as I could; I called stop thief two or three times; there were two men met him; they stopped him; I came up immediately to them; they had both hold of the prisoner; the men had got my hat; the prisoner begged I would forgive him, he went on his knees; I said I could not wrong my country in such a manner, I could not forgive him.

Q. How far was he got from you when he was stopped?

Crowden. I believe he might be about thirty yards.

John Boulter . I stopped the prisoner in Black-horse-yard, hearing stop thief called, and seeing him come running, he had this hat in his hand; I delivered it to the prosecutor; he owned it; the prisoner dropped it upon my laying hold of him, and begged I would let him go. (The hat and band produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's defence.

I was coming along, I heard Mr. Crowden call stop thief, he ran up Black-horse-yard, and I ran after him to see who it was; a lad dropped the hat and I took it up, and they took hold of me, and said I was the person that took it.

Guilty . T .

Nathaniel Gibbs, John Rutherford.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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316, 317. (M.) Nathaniel Gibbs and John Rutherford , otherwise John Smith , were indicted, for that they, on the 29th of April , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of Thomas Swanblow did break and enter, and stealing a pair of linen shift sleeves, two handkerchiefs, two aprons, one pair of ruffles, three pair of linen cuffs for gowns, and nine metal spoons, the property of the said Thomas in his dwelling-house . ++

Thomas Swanblow . I live in Rupert-street, Goodman's-fields , and keep a jelly-shop . On the 29th of April my house was broke; I lie below

stairs in the same room; the window-shutter was broke open, and the window forced up, and the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away; I was alarmed by the noise between two and three in the morning; I got up and went to the door and opened it, and looked out, I saw nobody; the window-shutter I saw about thirty yards from the house; I fastened it when I went to bed; when I came in, my wife said she had left some wet things in a plate near the window; I looked, there was the plate but the things were gone; there was no casement, they had broke the window to take the things out; I put up the shutter and we went to bed again; there was a tea-board of jellies stood in the window, and a dozen spoons upon it; I missed nine of them and four jelly-glasses, and the rest were knocked about. In the morning about eight o'clock I got intelligence there were some thieves taken; I took pen and ink and penned the things down, and sent my wife with the paper to the Justice's; a watchman came and desired me to bring some of the fellow spoons; I carried three, and they were compared with what were found; there were no marks upon them, only the maker's mark: the Justices desired I would send for the man that made them; I fetched him; he said, he believed them to be the same spoons which I bought of him.

Mary Swanblow . I am wife to the prosecutor. There were a pair of shift sleeves, a pair of round robins, two white aprons, two white handkerchiefs, one pair of clear lawn double ruffles, three pair of ruffle cuffs for a gown, and one pair of red and white cuffs, lay wet in the window in a plate; my husband and I went to bed together; these things were gone in the morning; I saw them all again at the bench of Justices.

Christopher Stains . I was the officer of the night. On the 29th of April, about a quarter past three in the morning, the prisoner Gibbs was brought into the watch-house; I ordered him to be searched; there were found upon him this pistol and knife, and three metal spoons, (produced in court.) The watchmen went out in pursuit of Rutherford, who had made his escape from them; another watchman brought in this parcel of wet things, (producing the things Mrs. Swanblow had mentioned to be lost from out of a plate in the window, deposed to by Mrs. Swanblow.) Rutherford was taken and brought in soon afterwards; I asked Gibbs how he came by them spoons, (I called them silver, thinking they were so then;) he said, a young woman gave him them about twelve months ago. I asked him about the pistol; he said he had it from a young man, an acquaintance of his.

Abednego Lambeth. I am a watchman. At three o'clock that morning, we heard of several houses broke open; I and my brother watchmen went out, with an intent to take the persons concerned if we could; there came two men by the watch-house door, one after another; we pursued them along Ayliff street into Mansfield-street; we lost them and came back again, and by King Harry the Eighth in Red Lion-street, we saw six men together; they divided, and two of them came by us, which were the two prisoners; we stopped them; they asked what we wanted; we told them to take them to the watch-house; I said, there, have been such and such attempts made to night; Rutherford made a chop at me with a bill-hook; I dropped my arm down to save the blow; he held it up, and swore he would cut the first man that offered to meddle with him, and called to the other prisoner and said, d - n your eyes, why don't you blow their brains out; then Gibbs went to make his escape from my brother watchman; I seeing that as Rutherford was gone, I laid hold of Gibbs, and we delivered him to the officer of the night to be searched; he pulled off his coat and threw it down; I searched, and found these three metal spoons and a pistol in his coat-pocket. Then we went out to see if we could find the other; we took him a second time by Saltpetre-bank; there were two others with him; he called for their assistance, but they went off; we brought him to the watch-house.

Q. Are you sure the man that cut at you with the bill-hook, was the same you took at Saltpetre-bank?

Lambeth. I am sure he is the same, I have seen him often before; he had made away with the bill-hook when we took him last; he was searched, and nothing found upon him.

Alexander Duncomb . I am a watchman; we went in pursuit of the two prisoners; we had first seen six together; these two came past us; I laid hold of Gibbs, and Lambeth laid hold of Rutherford; we brought them to Buckle-street, there Rutherford made a chop at Lambeth with a bill-hook, upon which he let him go, by saving his arm from being chopped off; Gibbs we brought to the watch-house; there were three spoons and a pistol found upon him: then we went in pursuit after the other, and took him by Saltpetre-bank, and brought him to the watch-house.

Q. Were either of them asked any questions about the linen?

Duncomb. No, they were not.

Henry Fawder . I am a watchman; there were several houses attempted to be broke open; we saw six men in Red-lion-street; they separated, and two come by us (they were the two prisoners ) we stopped them; they said they would go very civilly to the watch-house; when we came to the corner of Buckle-street, Rutherford made a chop with a bill at Lambeth, and got away, and said to the other, d - n you, blow his brains out; we took Gibbs to the watch house, and found three spoons, a knife, and a pocket-pistol upon him; then we went in pursuit of Rutherford; we met with him by Saltpetre-bank, and brought him to the watch-house.

Robert Mills . I am a watchman; I found this linen here produced in Great Ayliff street; it was all of a heap, wringing wet; it lay near the second door after I came by the meeting-house; this was about four o'clock that morning.

Q. to Stains. Were the prisoners asked concerning the linen?

Stains. They were in my hearing, but I cannot tell what was said in answer; the Justices thought one would turn evidence, so they took them separate into another room; I did not hear all their examinations.

Q. to Lambeth. Which way did you pursue the two others?

Lambeth. We pursued them down Great Ayliff-street, by the meeting; (the spoons compared with the others, and inspected by the Jury.)

Gibbs's defence.

I was coming from Stepney about half an hour after three that morning; I had been drinking, and was a little in liquor; I was along with this man (meaning Rutherford) and a watchman came and laid hold of me, and said I should go with him; I did not refuse; they took hold of him; what he said to them I cannot tell; then he made his escape. I lived along with a girl at Bristol; she came up to London with me, and was here about a month, and then went away; she left these three spoons with me; I having a value for her, put them in my pocket. A young man that is gone to Greenland gave me that pistol; I never made use of it.

Constable. The pistol was not charged.

To his character.

William Pearce . I am a shoemaker; I have known Gibbs 15 months; he worked with me, and behaved well that time he was with me.

Eliz Stains . I live in Bloomsbury, Gibbs is my first cousin; he behaved always well with his father and mother; when they died, my father took him, and brought him up to his trade; I never heard any ill of him till this unhappy affair.

Anne Stains , her sister, gave the same account.

John Watts . I have known him some years; I always heard a good character of him till this affair.

Margaret Mead . I have known him a year and a quarter; he lodged a year in my house; he behaved very well.

Lucy Willis . I have known him about fifteen months; he has a very good character.

Rutherford's defence.

I know nothing about the things at all; I am a stranger here, and have no witnesses to speak for me.

Both Acquitted .

Mary Reaudolf.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-39
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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318. (M.) Mary Reaudolf , spinster , was indicted for stealing three linen sheets, value 6 s. and 19 guineas, the property of Robert Viner , Esq ; in the dwelling-house of the said Robert , May 11 . +

Robert Viner , Esq; I live in St. George's parish, Hanover-square ; the fourth of May was the first time I missed any thing, then I missed about four or five guineas; I had in my pocket two or three and twenty guineas, on the eighth at night, and the next morning I missed nine of them; I was very much alarmed at it, I knew it must be somebody in the family; I went to Sir John Fielding , and told him the case, and desired a search-warrant; he said, there is no ear-mark to money, and advised me to mark some money, by which means it was most likely to find out the thief. I came home, and told my wife of it; she in my presence, marked fifteen or sixteen newish guineas with a scratch on all of them in one place, on the reverse to the head above the crown; I put them in my breeches-pocket, and went to bed, and laid my breeches as usual in a chair by the bed-side; in the morning I was surprized to miss fix of them; I said nothing at all, but went to Justice Spinnage, and got a search warrant; the Justice came to my house ; we intended to search all my servants; the prisoner was the first we searched; she was my wife's maid, she had lived with us about fifteen months; in her trunk we found about seventy or eighty guineas; among this money were fix particularly marked, in the manner my wife had marked those fifteen or sixteen; there were seven so marked; the seven guineas were all put in a paper, and sealed up by Mr. Spinnage, and delivered to the constable; they are now in court.

Cross examination.

Q. Had you any doubt about the guineas?

Mr. Viner. I had no doubt at all; I do not remember I made the least difficulty in the world about them, whether they were the same; I have some of the other guineas here which my wife marked; (six of them produced.)

Q. How much were the prisoner's wages a year?

Mr. Viner. Her wages was eight guineas a year; she had received no wages of me.

Q. How long had she lived with you?

Mr. Viner. I believe she lived with me about fifteen months.

Mrs. Viner. I marked fifteen or sixteen new guineas on Friday evening; I made a little scratch by the crown, and gave them to Mr. Viner, and he put them into his pocket; I was present when the prisoner's trunk was searched; we found six guineas in the trunk that were marked; there was another marked something like them, but I do not swear to that; I believe there were near seventy guineas in her trunk.

Cross examination.

Q. When you saw the guineas, whether you was not very doubtful whether they were the guineas you had marked?

Mrs. Viner. I did say I was afraid they were part of the money; but to speak the truth, I was not doubtful; it gave me a great deal of uneasiness.

Q. Do you know she had some money left her?

Mrs. Viner. She says her father had left her 50 l. in the country, and I asked her mother, and she confirmed it.

John Rogers . I am a constable; this parcel of money was delivered into my care on the 11th of May, (producing seven guineas, sealed in paper with Justice Spinnage's seal.) The prisoner was re-examined on the 12th, I was then gone upon duty at the house of commons; they sent for the key, and my wife sent the money sealed up to the Justice's, and whether they were opened there or not I cannot say; this looks to be the same paper, and the seal is firm; (the paper broken, and seven guineas taken out;) the Court and Jury compare and inspect them with the other six produced by Mr. Viner.

Thomas Adams . On the 11th of last month Mr. Viner applied to Major Spinnage (to whom I am clerk;) he obtained a search-warrant, and I was ordered to assist the constable in examining the prisoner's box, at Mr. Viner's house; the suspicion was against the prisoner at the bar; her trunk was brought into Mr. Viner's parlour by some of his servants; it was opened in the presence of Mr. and Mrs. Viner, the constable, and myself; the prisoner was present, when her wearing apparel was taken out; in a short space of time I discovered a paper snuff-box; I took it out, I found it to be very weighty; I brought it to a table, and opened it; I found it almost full of guineas, half guineas, and some silver; I counted it, and found there were 65 guineas in gold, (exclusive of the 7 now in court,) seven half guineas, and 13 s. in silver. Either Mr. Viner or his lady told me in what manner the guineas he had missed were marked, before the trunk was opened; I began to look out for guineas as they had been described to me; I found seven, I believe they were new guineas, they are these produced by the constable; they were all marked alike, as near as could be, and sealed up by Mr. Spinnage's seal, who came in at the time, and put into the hands of the constable; I went to Mr. Roger's house, desiring he would come and bring the money, at her second examination, to Mr. Spinnage; Mr. Rogers was not at home, but he came there a few hours after; Mrs. Rogers delivered the money in the paper out of a chest of drawers; it never was opened at the office.

Cross examination.

Q. Was you at the Justice's the whole time the guineas were there?

Adams. I was, and am sure they were not opened?

Q. to Mrs. Viner. Did you miss any thing else?

Mrs. Viner. There were three sheets of mine in the prisoner's trunk, they are what we call servants sheets; they might come with something in them from our country-house.

Prisoner's defence.

I have some witnesses here to my character.

To her character.

Fredrick Cook. I am a confectioner; I have known the prisoner about seven years; she lived with me almost three years, and behaved very faithful and honest; she was my shop-maid.

Q. When did she leave your service?

Cook. Between four and five years ago; I know nothing of her character since she left my service.

Elizabeth Trevor . I am a gentlewoman; I have known her between fifteen and sixteen years; she lodged in the same house with me, with her father and mother; she then bore a very honest character; I know her father had money in the stocks when he died.

Catharine Cook . I have known her fourteen or fifteen years, I never heard any thing amiss of her; her mother lodged eight years next door to me.

Q. Do you know whether her father left her any money?

C. Cook. I did hear he had money in the stocks.

Catharine Clayton . I live at Marybone; I have known her fourteen years; she was always a very sober industrious girl; I know her father died worth an hundred pounds, and her mother lent it me; I have it now.

Elizabeth Alderan . I have known her twenty years; I never heard any other character of her but that of a good one.

Amy Gordon . I live in Brick-street, St. Giles's; I have known her two years; she is a very good, honest, well behaved girl; she lived with my mother near three years ago; she was very often trusted with great value.

Anne Reaudolf . I am the prisoner's sister; my father left her 50 l. I believe it was paid to her; she always bore the best of characters; my father had three children; he left me and my other sister 20 l. each; my other sister was married.

Q. to Mrs. Viner. What character had you with the prisoner?

Mrs. Viner. I had her character of a particular friend of mine, they were brought up play-fellows together; she knowing the family, recommended her to me as a very honest, handy girl, and I found her a very handy girl. Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

John Preston, Charles Williams.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-40

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319, 320. (M.) John Preston and Charles Williams were indicted for unlawfully, knowingly, and designedly sending a letter, with the name Charles Preston thereunto subscribed, to the Marquis of Carnarvon , threatening to accuse him with the crime of sodomy, with intention to extort money from his Lordship , against the form of the statute in that case made and provided, April 12 . +

William Marsden . I am clerk to Sir John Fielding . This letter (holding one in his hand) was read before Sir John on the 13th of April last; it was shewed to the prisoner Preston, who voluntarily confessed that he wrote it, and sent it by Martha Quin .

It is read to this purport:

April 11.

"My Lord,

"If ever pity touched your generous breast,

"(as sure it has) let that pity move in compassion

"towards me, a poor distressed creature, that am

"indebted to your Lordship for all the favours

"you have been graciously pleased to bestow upon

"me, and for which I humbly thank your

"Lordship; and I hope, from your former goodness

"to me, you will lend this once a gracious

"ear to what I will relate, which is as follows:

"My Lord, it pleased God before the honour

"of knowing your Lordship, that I fell down

"and cut the main artery of my right-arm, which

"has almost deprived me of the use of it, so that

"I am unable to perform any place of service,

"for I have tried and could not; but I have married

"a woman that is a black milliner, that is,

"one that makes hats and bonnets; so that if

"you please to give us money to set us up in our

"business, I never will trouble your Lordship

"again; I have sent this petition by my wife,

"for I have sent several before, and could not

"get any answer from your Lordship, for I suppose

"your servants have kept them, and you

"have not seen them, so by that means I have

"made my wife privy with that unnatural freedom

"which your Lordship has taken with me;

"and your Lordship knows, such freedom makes

"persons take such impertinent liberty; for I am

"sure of this, if you had not taken such freedom

"with me, I had not taken such liberty in sending

"any petition to your Lordship. But I verily

"believe, that as God thought good to deprive

"me of the use of my hand in manner he

"has, so he, in the dark abyss of his providence,

"brought it about that I should come to you in

"the manner I did; and I hope, that as God

"has blessed you with abundance of this world's

"goods, I hope your Lordship will incline your

"ear to pity the distressed condition of your Lordship's

"Most humble servant,

" Charles Preston ."

Martha Quin . (She takes the letter in her hand) Mr. Preston was to give me a guinea to carry this letter to Southgate.

Q. Where did you receive this letter?

M. Quin. He gave it me in my own house, and he brought me a gown to go in: he said I should have a guinea if I would carry this to the Marquis, and he shewed me the way to Southgate.

Q. When did you go?

M. Quin. It was on a Sunday morning; Williams the prisoner went along with us; Preston shewed me the door; they put up at an alehouse after he had shewed me the door, and I left them

there and went to my Lord's house. I offered to deliver the letter, the gentleman would not take it in, and I came back to them, and told them the letter would not be accepted, and delivered it to him again. He made a riot and a disturbance, and said he would write another.

Q. Did you hear any conversation between Preston and Williams there?

M. Quin. They had some conversation, but I am thick of hearing, and could not hear what was said. Williams helped me up upon a post to see the garden, while Preston was writing in the alehouse.

Q. Was Williams there when Preston made the riot?

M. Quin. He was. Preston said he would write another letter; I had not seen Williams above six or seven times, I asked him if he would go instead of me; he said a woman might do it better.

Q. Did Preston and Williams seem to be acquainted?

M. Quin. Yes; I asked Preston if there was any danger in going with that letter; he said, no, none at all. Williams was by, and he said there was no danger at all. After they had both assured me there was no danger, I carried the letter.

Q. Are you Preston's wife?

M. Quin. No, I am not; I don't know whether he is a man or a woman.

Joseph Brown . I was sent for in the month of April, I cannot tell what day of the month, but I know it was Palm Sunday.

Q. What are you?

Brown. I am a constable. I was sent for to the Cherry-tree at Southgate, and charged with Williams and Preston; Preston said he received four letters from Lord Carnarvon, when he was in the coach coming to town, and he had a 10 l. bank note in each of them, and he would not be his secret-keeper no longer, for he was a sodomite, and d - d him. He said he had wrote to my Lord several times, and he would again. I asked Mrs. Quin what she came for; she said she came for profit, and so did Williams; Williams said he came for a country walk, (I knew nothing of the design they came upon then.) Said Preston to Williams, you persuaded me to write a letter over night, and you put words into my mouth; Williams said to him, you have brought me into a fine premunire here.

Q. Did Williams deny what Quin said of his coming for profit?

Brown. No, he did not.

Q. What are the prisoners?

Brown. They are both quite strangers to me, I do not know what business they are of.

Mr. Lambeth and Stephen Lyon being shewed a paper writing, both deposed they heard Preston acknowledge it to be his hand-writing.

It is read in court, to this purport:

"I Charles Preston , who was last April taken

"into custody at the Lord Carnarvon's, where I

"came to extort money under false pretences, and

"which I was most unfortunately led into by a

"woman and a man, that joined me in the same,

"hoping to put that violent intention into execution;

"do solemnly declare I was an utter

"stranger to his Lordship, and to the unnatural

"crime charged against him, for which I am most

"heartily sorry, and most humbly beg the honourable

"Marquis's pardon for the same,

" Charles Preston ."

Preston's defence.

I submit myself to the mercy of this honourable Court.

Williams's defence.

Preston drew me into it, and made me go along with him.

Both Guilty . T .

Robert Johnson.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-41

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321. (L.) Robert Johnson was indicted for stealing sixteen iron horse-shoe moulds, value 6 s. 6 d. twenty other iron horse-shoes, value 9 s. the property of James Champain , May 13 . +

John Booth . On the 13th of May, about half an hour past six o'clock, I was called out of the warehouse by a person who was upon the wharf, and told they thought a man had been stealing some horse-shoe moulds.

Q. What are you?

Booth. I am clerk to Mr. Champain, he lives in the country, and I have the care of the warehouse; I went down upon the wharf, by the yard called Dyer's Hall-yard , a yard where we land all our goods as they come; these horse-shoe moulds had been landed and carried into the yard; we had about twelve hundred weight of horse-shoe moulds there; John Jones the next witness, was standing by the prisoner, he can give your Lordship a farther account. I saw the horse-shoe moulds upon the ground, and the prisoner by them; I asked him where he had them from; he said he had them from out of a basket, that stood under the wall at the bottom of the yard; if so, they are

Mr. Champain's property; I asked him what he was going to do with them; he said he was going to sell them. I asked him if he knew who to sell them to; he said he did, for he had a parcel before, and had sold them to a man at Horsleydown, and that he was led into that by another man who had shewed him where they were, and where to dispose of them. We charged the constable with him, and carried him before my Lord-Mayor: upon relating the circumstances to my Lord, his Lordship thought proper we should go with him to the man in Horsleydown, that proved to be one Walden. We got a warrant to search for some moulds which the prisoner said he had sold to him the Saturday before; the prisoner told us he bought them, and put them under his counter, there I found one. We took Walden up and had him before a magistrate, and he was committed to Bridewell in the Borough.

J. Jones. I was going to my work at six o'clock in the morning; I met the prisoner coming out at the gate with the horse-shoes in his pocket, I had seen him there before; I asked him what he had there; he took them out, and laid them down on the ground in the yard; I went and called Mr. Booth and the watchman, the watchman called a constable; we took the prisoner to the Poultry Compter. I asked the prisoner where he had the moulds; he said from out of a basket where the others lay, belonging to the prosecutor.

Prisoner's defence.

I took those things to be sure. Guilty . T .

John Cockle.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-42

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322. (L.) John Cockle was indicted for stealing two great coats, value 30 s. the property of Thomas Davis , April 12 . ++

Thomas Davis . I live in Bucklersbury , and am a warehouse-man . On the 12th of April my servant came up to me, and said a young fellow was below with a message from Mr. Poultney, or some such name, to know if he was to have my company that morning; I told him I had no engagement with a person of that name. I went down in about two minutes after, and asked where the man was; I was told he was gone. My servant asked me how many coats I had that hung in the hall; I said there were four: she said there were two taken away. I looked and missed them; I gave them over for lost. Some time after this I found there was a man in Clerkenwell Bridewell for stealing great coats and hats, this was about a fortnight ago; I went to see him, it was the prisoner; I asked him if he remembered any thing of stealing two great coats from my house; he told me, if I chose to go to Justice Girdler where he had made his confession, I might hear of them. I went there, and found he had made a confession of stealing my two coats in particular, describing my house; the Justice told me I might go back and ask him any questions I thought proper. I went back to him; he was very open, and said he had taken the two coats, and directed me to two pawnbrokers where he had pawned them; I went by his direction and found them.

Edward Cox . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Kingsland-road. This great coat (produced and deposed to) the prisoner pledged with me the 18th of May.

Q. Did you know him before?

Cox. I have known him a little while, he is a hair-dresser.

Q. What did you lend him upon the coat?

Cox. I lent 5 s. upon it.

Christopher Curle . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Russel-street, Covent-garden. I took in this great coat (produced and deposed to) of the prisoner at the bar, the 14th of April.

Q. What did you lend him upon it?

Curle. I lent him 8 s. upon it; I have known him some time.

Prosecutor. The prisoner owned he had been drawn into this way by two men, and had been but a little while in it.

Guilty . T .

Edward Williams, Thomas Peak, Israel Cowen.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-43
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty > with recommendation; Guilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentencesDeath; Transportation; Death

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323, 324, 325. (L.) Edward Williams and Thomas Peak were indicted, for that they, together with two others not taken, on the 22d of May in the night, the dwelling-house of Anne Slate , widow , did break and enter, and stealing one woollen cloth coat, value 50 s. one cloth waistcoat, value 10 s. five linen shirts, value 10 s. seven aprons, three child's shirts, three child's shifts, three bed-gowns, three forehead cloths, a quart pewter mug, a half pint pewter mug, and other things, the property of William Cogswell , in the dwelling-house of the said Anne ; and Israel Cowen for receiving the same, well knowing the same to have been stolen . ++

William Cogswell . I live with my mother-in-law Anne Slate , at the Cock in Angel-alley, Bishopsgate-street . On the 22d or 23d of May early in the morning, our house was broke open: I was called up by the watchman between three and four o'clock; the first thing that I missed was my black coat and waistcoat, which I had wore at a burying the night before. I found the groove of the window of the tap-room was cut, and the shutter taken down and set against the door; I opened the

door and the watchman came in. I missed a quart pewter mug, and a half-pint mug, a brandy bottle, an aniseed bottle, and a bitter bottle; we had had a large wash the day before, and we missed a large quantity of the things more than laid in the indictment, from out of the same room, all my property: I had been in that house but from that day se'nnight. I went to Sir John Fielding , and had some hand-bills printed and dispersed about. I heard no more till last Sunday, the prisoners were taken up that evening. I was directed to Mr. Brebrook's house, there I saw some of the linen; I took this half pint mug yesterday morning out of the prisoner Cowen's room; they have scratched the name out, but I believe it to be my property; (produced in court.)

Mary Cogswell . I am wife to the prosecutor. When I came down in the morning I missed the things mentioned in the indictment, and more; I have seen some of them since at Mr. Brebrook's house, and swore to them.

Hyam Jacob. I am a Jew; I always sold the things for Israel Cowen that he received of the prisoners, he is a Jew. This day fortnight Ned Williams and Tom Peak , and Jack Abbot , and Pat Fennel, came between three and four in the morning, and brought a white bag of linen; in it was three child's robes, three child's shifts, eight child's caps, three other shifts for a girl about eight or ten years old, two men's shirts, three bed-gowns, a shift, a black coat and waistcoat, a quart pewter mug, a half-pint pewter mug, and two gin bottles; they drank the gin out, and took the bottles with them; Israel Cowen bought them all for a guinea and a half; at the same time he and I lived in one house, he in the fore part, and I in the back part, up-stairs, at No 2. in Billiter-lane, he bought them in my room; he gave some to me to sell; I could not make the money he desired, and I brought them home again; after that I went over the water, and when I came back again, the things were all gone, but the quart and half-pint mugs, and the child's linen, which he kept for his own use, his wife is ready to lie in; I was taken up by Brebrook last Sunday, and then I told him of these things, and he went back and found the things in Cowen's room, in Gravel-lane, Houndsditch; we removed to there.

Q. How long have you known Williams?

Jacob. I have known him half a year, and I have known Tom Peak but about a fortnight; I never saw them in the day-time, they always used to come in the morning early; there was always a bell in Cowen's room, a string went from it down to the ground; we had used to put it out in the night, for them to ring when they came, and we took it up into the room in the day time; he used to give me something for my trouble when I have sold things for him; Cowen used to ask them where they took the things from, to be careful he did not send me in the same street to sell them.

Q. Where did they say they brought these things from?

Jacob. They said they brought them from Bishopsgate-street.

James Brebrook . Last Sunday Mr. Todd, one of the prosecutors, came to me, and said his house had been broke open, and a young woman brought him his wife's tabby gown, and offered it to her for a guinea and a half, and if I would go along with him, we might get the remainder of the things; I and two more went directly with him, and into a house in the middle of Duke's Place, there I saw Lazarus Abraham, (who is now in Newgate;) I catched hold of him, and said, you must give an account how you came by this tabby gown; he said, if you will go along with me, I will shew you the party's that I had it of; I followed him down into Gravel-lane to a house, and up two pair of stairs, he burst the door open; out came the evidence Hyam and Israel Cowen both together; I said, keep the door safe, for I shall take you both in custody; I tied them together with my handkerchief, and searched Cowen's room; I there found some of Mr. Todd's goods, and some other people's goods, which they are not indicted for; I also found in his room a child's linen bed-gown, a half-pint pewter mug, a linen gown, three shirts, two waistcoats, eight caps, and three forehead cloths; (produced in court, deposed to by the prosecutor's wife, except the half-pint mug;) Hyam Jacob told me, Pat Farrel, or Fennil, and one Abbot, were concerned in these things, and that they had told him the things were taken from a house in Bishopsgate-street, but did not know the particular place; I took them to Sir John Fielding , there they were examined; upon their examination, I went and took Peak on the Monday morning, either in Cross-lane, or Newtoner's-lane, in bed with a girl; he seemed to deny all; he said he happened to be in Petticoat-lane, and saw some of them, but he knew nothing of the affair; Sir John gave me an order to take Israel Cowen and Lazarus Abraham to Newgate; then I went to the Black Raven in Chick-lane, and there I took Williams; he had a coat on his back that belongs to the gentleman who has an indictment against him; (a bell with a spring to it produced;) this bell was

nailed up against a window in Cowen's room, and a pane of glass broke, and on nights they used to put a rope down into the alley, and on the daytime draw it up; this the evidence told me, so I took it down to produce here; the two rooms joined together where Hyam Jacob and the prisoner lived.

Williams's defence.

I know no more about the things than the child unborn; I never in my life was out after ten o'clock; I was in bed at my mother's house at Islington, in a two pair of stairs room backwards, with my wife, the night this burglary was committed.

For Williams.

Elizabeth Williams I am Williams's mother; I live at Islington, and sell greens; my boy has been at sea since he was ten or eleven years old; he came home the latter end of August or September last; he was at my house almost three weeks; about a fortnight ago he hurt his finger, and had a lame arm; he was never out, only going to Shadwell or Ratcliff-highway among his shipmates; he was generally in by nine at night; he was never out later as I know of.

Q. What room did he lie in at your house?

E. Williams. He lay up one pair of stairs; my house is between the White Swan and the Blakeney's Head.

Q. Is your house a double house?

E. Williams. I have nothing to do with the house but three rooms.

Q. What room did he lie in?

E. Williams. He lay in a one pair of stairs.

Q. Who lay with him?

E. Williams. His wife did.

Q. How many rooms have you on a floor?

E. Williams. There is only one room upon a floor.

Q. Where was he last Saturday fortnight?

E. Williams. He was then at my house, and went down to Rotherhithe; I never heard any body give him a bad character.

Q. Are you sure he lay in your house last Wednesday se'nnight?

E. Williams. Yes, I am sure he did.

Q. Did he lie there last Friday se'nnight?

E. Williams. I cannot tell that.

Peak's defence.

I never saw the evidence in my life, before I saw him at Sir John Fielding 's on Monday.

To his character.

Thomas Peak . I am Peak's father; I am a breeches-maker, he worked with me; he has certainly got acquainted with some girl that has drawn him away.

Q. When did he work last with you?

Peak. He has not worked with me lately, he worked with a gentleman in Portugal-street, that is not in town; there is a paultry girl he has got acquainted with.

Q. What age is he?

Peak. He was twenty years of age last April; he was born the day Lord Lovat was beheaded.

Mrs. Peak. I am his mother; he has been drawn away by bad company; sometimes he would come home, and sometimes he would go away again; he has often promised very fair.

Cowen's defence.

The evidence says I bought these things in his room, I could as well have bought them in my own room; to be sure these things were found in my room; he was always in my room; he used to put his victuals in my room; he said they were his things, for the child he has in the hospital.

Williams and Peak Guilty . Death . The last recommended .

Cowen Guilty . T. 14 .

(M.) Williams and Peak were a second time indicted, for that they, together with two others not taken, on the 30th of May , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling house of John Todd did break and enter, and stealing one pier-glass, value 20 s. one silk gown, two yards of red baize, one yard of green baize, and four yards of flannel, the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house . ++

John Todd . I live in Goodman's-fields ; my house was broke open this day se'nnight in the morning; my wife discovered it first, I did not till five o'clock; she called me up, and told me the house was broke open; I found the window was thrown up, the bolt was torn off, the sash was thrown up; we missed a pier-glass, some remnants of baize, some red, some green, and some white, out of the back parlour, and a yellow silk gown from the fore parlour; in the morning, a labouring man was coming past, he asked me if I had lost a pier glass; I said I had; he said, one Mrs. Pilgrim had her house broke open that night, and the watchman had found a pier-glass in Angel-alley, and carried it to the watch-house; I went to the constable of the night, and there I found my glass; he lives by Whitechapel church; this was about six in the morning; I got a search-warrant from the Justice, and went to Mr. Brebrook's house, and desired him to go with me to search a

house I suspected; there came a young woman, and said she had stopped this silk gown; I went with her, and stopped the man that brought it, that was Lazarus Abraham; he told us, he only sold it by commission, and was to have but a shilling for selling it, and he would shew us the people he had it from, if we would go along with him; we went with him; he carried us to Cowen's room in Gravel-lane, Houndsditch; there we found the flannel, and took up Cowen and Hyam; I never saw the prisoners till I saw them before Sir John Fielding .

Sarah Todd . I am wife to the prosecutor; I fastened the window-shutters over night by the middle bolt; we found it open in the morning, and missed the things mentioned; (the things found produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor's wife.)

Abednego Lambeth. I am a watchman; this day week in the morning we went out, being told these people were about, to see if we could light of them going up Angel alley; we were told, there were some men just gone up there; going up Wingfield-street, we saw an attempt had been made at a house; coming back, I met Peak with a bundle; he got away from me, and went by my brother watchmen, and dropped the bundle; a brother watchman picked it up.

Q. Are you sure it was Peak.

Lambeth. I am; I had seen him often in that part; he had a light-coloured coat on, buttoned close round; had it not been buttoned close, I had held him.

Hyam Jacob. Last Saturday about three in the morning, the bell rang in Cowen's room, in Gravel-lane, Houndsditch, that joins my room; he bid me get up, and see who was at the door; there was Williams and Jack Abbot ; they came up, and went into Cowen's room; they brought in some white, and some green, and some red flannel, and a silk gown; they left them there and went away, and came again about nine or ten o'clock at night; then there were the two prisoners, and Abbot and Fennil; they made an agreement for the things; Cowen allowed them 26 s. for them all.

Q. Who received the money?

Jacob. Peak received the money, there was a guinea in gold; Peak said he had some silver in his pocket, so he shared the money, and gave every one their share; they had 6 s. 6 d. each; after that, Cowen asked me to sell the silk gown for him; I said I would not; then he asked Lazarus Abraham to go and sell it; he ordered him to get a guinea and a half for it, and told him he should have 2 s. for his trouble. I was there when Mr. Brebrook found the flannel in Cowen's room.

James Brebrook . These things I found in Cowen's room; Hyam Jacobs told me of Peak and Williams; I took Peak in bed with a woman in Newtoner's-lane.

Peak's defence.

I never had a white coloured coat in my life; I never saw Hyam before I saw him at Justice Fielding's.

For Peak.

Samuel Galendine . I am a Jew, I live at Mr. Todd's. The watchman told me one of the men was a Jew in a white coloured coat, a shortish man, and that he had taken him out of bed once in Buckle-street, and that he had a blue apron on. I went and enquired after that person taken out of bed, and found it was not the prisoner Peak, but another person.

Brebrook. We found a blue apron that the bundle was tied up in.

Lambeth. I said I believed he was a Jew, because I had seen him divers times with the Jews.

Thomas Herbert . I know Peak very well, I can say nothing in his behalf. His father and mother are very honest people, they desired me to come

Williams Guilty . Death .

Peak Acquitted .

John Bryan.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-44

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326. (L.) John Bryan was indicted for stealing 24 pounds weight of lead, value 3 s. the property of Richard Latward , William Black , Barrington Burggin , John Manley , Harman Bearns , Richard Man , John Bearns , Esqrs ; and James Walford , May 4 ++

Solomon Gladish . I am a lighterman, I was coming over London-bridge; before I got to St. Magnus's church I looked through the ballusters, on the 4th of May in the morning, I saw the prisoner upon a lighter; he was wringing a piece of a leaden spout off at Fresh-wharf hole ; he twisted it backwards and forwards, and at last dropped it down between the lighter and the wharf; I went and told Mr. Williams of it. The spout went over the wharf into the river; the tide was not low enough to take it away then; Mr. Williams secured the prisoner, and when the tide fell the lead (produced in court) was taken up; there is 24 pounds weight of it.

Q. Whereabouts is Fresh wharf?

Gladish. It is about the length of this court-room from London bridge.

John Dutton . I am clerk to Richard Latward and Co. (mentioning the partners names) Fresh-wharf belongs

to them; I saw nothing of the fact, but was ordered to go to the Mansion-house to prosecute for them.

Alexander Williams . I am servant to the proprietors of the buildings, Mess. Latward and Co. Gladish informed me what he saw the prisoner do; I went and laid hold of the prisoner, and charged the constable with him. We found the lead afterwards on the campshire in Fresh-wharf hole, at about half ebb; it was part of the leaden pipe that carries the water from the top of the building to the ground, fastened to the building.

Prisoner's defence.

I was on board a lighter, she heel'd off at high water from the key; I made a snatch at this pipe with my hand to save myself, and it fell down in the Thames, I could not hold it in my hands. The gentleman came and charged the constable with me; had I not catched hold of that I had been overboard; I am just come home from Antigua.

Q. to Gladish. How did the prisoner do it, or was it as he has mentioned?

Gladish. He took it in his hand and wrung it round, (describing it by that of a man boring with an auger;) the lighter could not heel, she was made fast at both ends.

Guilty . T

Elizabeth Banning.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-45

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327. (L.) Elizabeth Banning was indicted for stealing a looking glass, a brass fender, a poker, a fire shovel, a pair of tongs, and a tin kettle the property of Thomas Simpkins , in a certain lodging room lett by contract, &c May 23 . +

Thomas Simpkins . I lett the prisoner's husband a ready furnished lodging, he and she were in it a month or better; they left it about a fortnight ago. There was a warrant out against him, and the woman was left in the room; I went to see that the things were safe, and desired her to get another room; after that I heard she was gone. I went and found the key under the door; I then missed a great many things, feathers out of the bed, pillows and bolster, all the covering, fireshovel, tongs, and poker, a looking glass, copper tea-kettle, and more things. After that I was informed the prisoner was in Bunhill-row near the Three Tuns; I took her up on Monday last; she was committed yesterday by Sir Thomas Rawlinson . I charged her with taking the things; she acknowledged she had taken them; the shovel, poker, and tongs, and other things, were pawned in Bunhill-row, where I found them.

Alexander Renshaw . I am a pawnbroker. On the 18th of April the prisoner pawned a lookingglass with me for 3 s. and on the 19th of May a sender for 2 s. the prosecutor saw them both at my house, and owned them.

Honer Hillier. I am servant to Mr. Marshal in Bunhill-row. The prisoner pledged a tin kettle there the 23d of May; there were other things: she brought a little before a shovel, tongs, and poker.

Prisoner's defence.

I carried them there through necessity, my husband being out of work; he said he would go into the country and get work, and I have not heard of him since.

Guilty . T .

John Silvester.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-46

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328. (L.) John Silvester was indicted for that he, together with Ralph Broderick not taken, did steal 500 pounds weight of lead, value 4 l. 10 s. the same being fixed to a certain dwelling house , the property of Mary Blackden , widow , and William Clack , Jan. 6 . +

Ezekiel Twitton . I am foreman to Mrs. Blackden and Mr. Clack. About the 6th or 7th of January there was about 500 weight of lead taken from three brick buildings, being middle gutters, in Fore-street ; the prisoner was taken, and before Mr. Alderman Cokayne confessed, that he helped to carry it away to the receiver's in Grub street; I went with him to that house in quest of the man, but could not meet with him.

Edward Gregory . The prisoner and Broderick was along with me when we got this lead; the prisoner was at the bottom of the ladder when I went up and fetched it down, then he took it and carried it away.

Prisoner's defence.

About four or five months ago I had been to the White Horse, Cripplegate; in my return to my lodgings I met Gregory and Broderick, each with lead upon their shoulders; I asked them what they had got, (I did not know them till they spoke to me;) Broderick said, what is that to you, and d - d me; I went up to him, he said, I wish you would take hold of this a little bit, it hurts my shoulder; he said he was not going much farther; I carried it about 50 yards, he gave it me at the corner of Grub street; I said, I was afraid I should be locked out of my lodgings, I wished them a good night, and went home to my lodgings.

Guilty . T .

Charles Brand.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-47
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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329. (L.) Charles Brand was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of Richard Lidal , May 4 . +

The prosecutor was very ill of the gout, and could not appear *

Joseph Harris . On Monday the 4th of May, I was sitting in a house in Houndsditch , looking out at a window, and saw the prisoner pick Mr. Lidal's pocket of a handkerchief; he ran to the top of Houndsditch, there he dropped the handkerchief among the mob that pursued, and he ran on, and was taken in Devonshire-square, and taken in at the Magpye alehouse in Bishopsgate-street.

Matthew Croaker . On Monday the 4th of May, I was coming home along Bishopsgate-street, I saw a mob of people at the Magpye-door; I went in; seeing a young fellow taken into custody, I went up to him, and asked him several questions; I said, how came you to be so foolish to take this gentleman's handkerchief out of his pocket; he said, he did take it out of the gentleman's pocket, and was sorry for it; and that he was persuaded to do it by a young fellow that was with him.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . W .

Charles Pleasants.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-48
VerdictsNot Guilty

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330. (M.) Charles Pleasants , otherwise Pearson, otherwise Wilson , was indicted for forging, and causing or procuring to be forged, a bill of exchange, dated March 1, from Kingston upon Hull, with the name John Johnson thereunto subscribed, for the payment of 36 l. in favour of Thomas Wise , directed to James Fitzherbert , Esq; and for uttering the same with a forged acceptance to it, with intention to defraud John Cook . +

(M.) He was a second time indicted by the same name, for forging and counterfeiting a bill of exchange, purporting to be drawn by John Johnson , of Kingston upon Hull, directed to James Fitzherbert , Esq; at Mr. Simpson's, Warwick-court, London, for the payment of 20 l. to Thomas Wise , or order, for value received, and for forging and publishing an acceptance to it, with intention to defraud John Bagshaw .

There was evidence given, that there were two John Johnsons at Kingston upon Hull, but no evidence in court, to prove the bills to be the hand-writing of either of them. He was acquitted on both indictments. See him indicted before, No 441, in last Mayoralty.

He was detained to be tried for a crime of the same nature in the county of Derby.

Mark Standard.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-49
VerdictNot Guilty

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331. (L.) Mark Standard was indicted for stealing a suit of English colours, value 3 l. 20 pounds weight of iron, value 20 d. and one deep sea lead, weight 70 pounds, the property of John Quince ; one flock bed, two blankets, and one cloth coat , the property of Nicholas Long , May 7 . ++

Nicholas Long . I was ship-keeper of the Nicholas , lying at Union-stairs . On the 7th of May I went on shore about half an hour after one in the day, and staid about three quarters of an hour; the people called out, my ship was broke open; I went on deck, the people had got hold of the prisoner there; I found the staple of the cabin-door, where the padlock was, twisted off, the colours, some iron-work, and my bed, pulled all about, out of their places, there was nothing gone.

William Woods . I belong to the next ship in the tier; I seeing this ship's cabin-door open, hallooed out, who was there; hearing no answer, I went on board; I found the prisoner in the cabin, I asked him what business he had there; he said, that was no business of mine; I shut the cabindoor, and called for Long to come on board; there came other people and he; we took the prisoner to a magistrate; the prisoner is a sailor, but a stranger to us.

Q. Was he sober?

Woods. He was sober enough to swear.

Q. Cannot a sailor swear when he is drunk?

Woods. Yes; there lay the deep lead, colours, Long's bed and bedding, all ready to carry away; and he, by going over seven or eight boats, could have got on shore.

Prisoner's defence.

I went on board to ship myself; seeing the cabin door open, I went in; coming out again, this man stopped me; I come from Ipswich, and have nobody here to give me a character.

Acquitted .

See him tried before, for a crime of the same nature, No 147, by the name of John Stewart .

Samuel Letteridge.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-50
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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332. (M.) Samuel Letteridge was indicted for stealing a canvas bag, a small key, and a guinea and a half, the property of Thomas Parks , privately from his person , May 12 . ++.

Thomas Parks . On Tuesday the 12th of May, between nine and ten, the prisoner was sitting drinking by me in my master's house, the Castle in Kingsland-road , where I am ostler ; I fell asleep; when I awaked, I missed my canvas bag with a guinea and a half and a key in it, out of my left-hand breeches pocket; the prisoner then was gone; I had a suspicion he had it; I got a warrant, the constable took him, he can give an account of what passed afterwards; I have known the prisoner some years, I never heard any harm of him before.

William Smith . I am headborough. On Saturday the 16th of May, the prosecutor told me he had been robbed of a guinea and a half, a purse and key; he brought a warrant; I was in at the Bull alehouse; the prisoner, two men, and a woman came in, they are are all milk people; I told the prisoner I had a warrant against him; one of the men said, blast my eyes if it is not the ostler at the Castle; the prisoner immediately said, if it is I will give him his money, and said he had done the thing, and was sorry for it; he said he had spent the half guinea and changed the guinea; he gave me back a half guinea, a quarter guinea, three shillings, and two sixpences, which he owned were part of the money he had taken from Parks; he bid me tell him, he had flung the key of his box down his master's cellar window.

Prosecutor. I went into my master's cellar, and there found my key.

Prisoner's defence.

I went into the public-house after nine o'clock; I sat and had three pints of beer, the young man was asleep; there was another ostler sat on his left side, my wife and I sat together; I came out at eleven; when at the door, I kicked something; I took it up, it was a purse, and this money in it; I took the money out, and flung the purse and key away.

He called Bernard Riley , Edward Davis , Mary Ireland , Rachel Scott , Richard Gale , John O'Neal , Mary Glandal , and William Smith the headborough, who all gave him a good character, exclusive of this affair.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

Thomas Swinner.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-51
VerdictNot Guilty

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333. (M.) Thomas Swinner was indicted for manslaughter, in slaying Mary Gardener , May 5 . +

Theresia Hand . Mary Gardener was a servant in the house where Mr. Swinner used to visit; there were some words between Mrs. Harrison and she, she had found fault with the meat.

Q. What is Mrs. Harrison?

T. Hand. She keeps a private house, a winehouse; she and I went down to Newmarket races together; Mary Gardener having mentioned Mr. Swinner's name, Mrs. Harrison was offended at her: Mr Swinner came down stairs and said, what have you mentioned my name for, and hit her a slap on the face, she fell down; I went and got some brandy to dress her head, and put a bit of lint into it; I thought she was in a fit; we laid her on the bed, and the last time I went to look at her, I found her dead.

Mr. Pott. I was sent for to examine the body of Mary Gardener ; being informed she had received a blow on the head, I inspected it, and found a small wound, the scalp was just divided; I removed the scalp in order to see if the skull had received any injury, that had received none at all, not in the smallest degree: I then removed the skull and examined the membrane that covered the brain, which was unhurt, there was no apparent appearance of any external violence; I removed the membrane and examined the brain, there was no appearance there of any external violence. The next morning I received a letter from the Coroner, signifying the Jury were not satisfied with the examination of the head only, but desired I would examine the whole body, imagining she might receive some injury on some other part; I examined the body very carefully, both belly and breast, and indeed her whole frame; in the cavity of the thorax was a very large quantity of water; there was such an appearance, as implied a very irregular intemperate course of life.

Q. Whether the fall was the occasion of her death?

Pott. There was no apparent reason why she should die of the fall. I have great reason to think she had lived a very intemperate life, and that a disease was brought on herself by intemperance, which was the cause of her death.

Acquitted .

Charles Brown.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbert17670603-52
VerdictNot Guilty

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334. (M.) Charles Brown was indicted for committing a rape on the body of Mary O'Neal , spinster , an infant under the age of ten years , May 13 . +

Mary Parsons . I live in the house with the child's mother; the prisoner is a pensioner in Chelsea College , he used to come to the woman's house; she had left him in her house on the 13th of May with her three children; when she found her child was hurt, she desired me to look at the child; the child was in a very bad condition.

Mary O'Neal . I am mother to the child, she was eight years of age last March. I left the prisoner in care of her and two other children on the 13th of May, a boy of three years of age, and a girl between eight and nine months. I found soon after the girl was not right; I examined her; she told me about the prisoner, and what he had done; I was struck with terror, I could not examine the part, I only examined her by speech; then I called Mary Parsons in, and she examined her, but I could not look at the child, I was ready to go distracted.

Mr. Thomas. I am a surgeon. The prosecutrix sent for me on the 21st or 22d of May to look at

her daughter; I inspected her, and found she had got the foul disease, her private parts were much enlarged and lacerated, and she had a great discharge.

Q. Can you say whether the child was actually penetrated?

Thomas. Seemingly there had, as much as a child of eight years old could admit of.

Q. Might not the foul disease be communicated without a penetration?

Thomas. Not to such a child as that.

Q. You say there was a greatdischarge, of what kind?

Thomas. Of the same as most venereals are in 8 days standing. After I had examined the child, I examined the prisoner at the bar, I found he had a gonorrhoea; I asked him how long he had had that distemper; he told me about four days; I asked him how he could injure such a child as that; he said, no, that was all his answer.

Prisoner's defence.

I am not guilty of the thing laid to my charge.

Acquitted .

He was detained to be tried at Hick's-hall, for an assault with an intent to commit a rape.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Elliott, Samuel Knock, Jacob Wood, John M'Donnel, Lawrence Sweetman.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbero17670603-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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William Elliott , Samuel Knock , Jacob Wood , John M'Donnel , and Lawrence Sweetman , capitally convicted in April Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 10th of June.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. William Elliott, Samuel Knock, Jacob Wood, John M'Donnel, Lawrence Sweetman.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbers17670603-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death, 3.

Edward Williams , Thomas Peak , and Joseph Morehane .

Transportation for 14 years, 1.

Israel Cowen.

Transportation for 7 years, 36.

Moses Bareau , Ann Russel , Thomas Wallford , Robert Vicars , Daniel Turner , Thomas Dixon , John Harris , William Saunders , Joseph Phineas , William Dadsley , Anne Clark , Elizabeth Hart , Michael Cormick , Thomas Smith , James Clements , William Doyle , Richard Spindler , James Mann , Robert Johnson , John Cockle , John Bryan , Elizabeth Manning , John Silvester , Catharine Saunders , Mary Gibbons , Hans Knutson , Edward Hull , otherwise Doleman, Elizabeth Currey , otherwise M'Grath, Philip Helingford , Daniel M'Daniel, John Vince , Thomas Conner , Francis Brown , Mary Reaudolf , Charles Preston , John Williams , and Samuel Letteridge .

Whipped, 4.

Anne Eaton , William Lynn , Sarah Wilson , and Charles Brand .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Elliott, Samuel Knock, Jacob Wood, John M'Donnel, Lawrence Sweetman.
3rd June 1767
Reference Numbers17670603-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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William Elliott , Samuel Knock , Jacob Wood , John M'Donnel , and Lawrence Sweetman , capitally convicted in April Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 10th of June.

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