Old Bailey Proceedings.
19th February 1766
Reference Number: 17660219

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
19th February 1766
Reference Numberf17660219-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OYER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 19th, Thursday the 20th, Friday the 21st, Saturday the 22d, and Monday the 24th of FEBRUARY, 1766.

In the Sixth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Third SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of THE RIGHT HONOURABLE GEORGE NELSON , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard.

[Price Six-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Before the Right Honourable GEORGE NELSON , Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir EDWARD CLIVE , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas *; the Honourable GEORGE PERROTT , Esq; one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +; the Honourable Sir RICHARD ASTON , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench ||; JAMES EYRE , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + || ++ direct to the judge by whom the prisoner was tried; also (L.) (M.) by what jury.


Arnold Finchett ,

Jos Thornthwaite ,

James Jackes ,

Zechariah Stuart ,

Tho Holehouse ,

James Buckland ,

Joseph Savage ,

John Austin ,

Thomas Knight ,

George Patterson ,

Tho Sidebottom ,

Benjamin Fielder .


Timothy Carter ,

John Minnet ,

William Brooks ,

James Arrow ,

William Toone ,

Francis Thomas ,

John Briscall ,

Lewis Sulch ,

Edward Turner ,

Edward James ,

Samuel Harris ,

James Frankland .

19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-1

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110. (M.) WILLIAM Penson was indicted for stealing a ham, value 10 s. the property of John Sumerville , Jan. 24 . ++

John Sumerville . I am a cheesemonger , and live in Grafton-street ; I went backwards out of my shop, into a little room, after I had served a customer, on the 24th of January in the evening; I heard a person cry at the door, I have catched a thief for you: I came to the shop door, there was my neighbour, Mr. Bramwell, holding the prisoner and a ham, lying in the street, betwixt their legs; there had been three hams lying, the uppermost lay upon the other two in the shop; this was the uppermost of them: it was a smoak-dried one, my property. We took him before Justice Welch, there he owned he stole it, and said he was pretty much in liquor, or he had not taken it.

Thomas Bramwell . I keep a public house in Grafton-street. Betwixt 9 and 10 at night, on the 24th of last month, I heard there were three or four men in the street, and it was imagined they were upon no good design. I went to the door, and saw the prisoner go to the prosecutor's shop door; he stooped down almost upon his knees, and then ran into the shop; after he was in, the person along with him walked by the door, to see, as I suspected, how he came on. I went up to the door, the prisoner came out with the ham in his hand, I laid hold of him, and called to Mr. Sumerville, and said he was robbed: he came out, the prisoner dropped the ham; we took him to the Round-house, and the next morning before Justice Welch, where he owned he took it.

Prisoner's defence.

I was drinking at the last witness's house, and was fuddled, and did not know what I did.

Guilty . T .

John Walker, James Lambeth, Margaret Welch, Margaret Foy.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-2
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 40s; Not Guilty

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111, 112, 113, 114. (M.) John Walker and James Lambeth were indicted for stealing 13 linen shirts, value 30 s. 5 pair of linen sheets, value 30 s. 10 linen table-cloths, value 30 s. 1 linen shaving cloth, value 12 d. 14 linen towels, value 5 s. and 8 linen napkins, value 5 s. the property of John Merest , Esq ; 2 linen shifts, value 2 s. 2 flannel petticoats, value 2 s. and 3 linen aprons, value 2 s. the property of Elizabeth Bennet , spinster , in a certain boat on the river Thames ; and Margaret Welch , widow , and Margaret Foy , widow , for receiving 3 table cloths, 2 napkins, 7 towells, 2 shifts, 1 shirt, and 1 apron, part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , December 17 . ||

Elizabeth Bennet . I am servant to Mr. Merest, in the little Cloysters Westminster; the things mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning them by name,) I put into a box, and locked it up, and kept the key; and it was sent to Mrs. Watkins at Laleham: she washes for us; she has a key to unlock and lock the box. I kept a bill of the things.

Q. When did you pack them up?

E. Bennet. I cannot tell the day, it was in last December, before Christmas; I saw it delivered to Mr. West's servant.

Daniel West . I am a waterman, I work from Chertsey and the west country, to Queenhithe; my servant received the box mentioned, and I delivered it to Mrs. Watkins at Laleham, that is near Stanes; this was in December, before Christmas; it was locked and tied round with a cord: after that Mrs. Watkins delivered it again to my man, and he brought it safe, locked and corded, to my boat at Chertsey. I received it on board, it was very heavy; I brought it down to London, to Scotland-yard: we had many brooms on board; we laid them out upon a lighter, at Mr. Wood's wharf, to get some things out; then we put the box down into a hole, and laid the brooms upon it, being tired and hungry; as we could not get our boat off, the tide having in part left her, we went to an alehouse, and had some bread and cheese and beer, and were gone about three quarters of an hour: when we returned to the boat, we saw the brooms thrown about; we looked and missed the box: this was betwixt 11 and 12 at night.

Q. How was the box directed?

West. It was directed to Esq; Merest in the Little Cloysters.

Q. Did you not leave a person on board to watch the things?

West. No, I did not, I thought all were safe; I went that morning between 8 and 9 o'clock, and acquainted Mr. Merest of it, and took his advice what to do; he gave me a list of the things in the box, and I with his servant, went to Sir John Fielding , and got some hand bills, and they were served out to the pawnbrokers, by which means it was discovered.

Q. Did you know either of the prisoners before?

West. I had seen Walker before on the river, he is an apprentice to the water; the chest was found the next morning, I was told of it at Black-friars stairs, and directed to the Old Swan; where I went and saw it, it had been broke open, and was empty. When I heard the two boys were taken, I went to the Gate-house to see them. Lambeth came up to me, and told me of several things that he had taken out of my boat, besides the box which I had not then missed, and he owned that he had taken the box of linen, and that they tried to break it open.

Q. Was Walker in the hearing of this?

West. He was, he stood by me at the time; Lambeth said they stole a boat and rowed up the river, and heard a gentleman call for oars; they took him in, and carried him to Whitehall; then they went on board a west-country barge, but got nothing, then they came to my vessel, which he called a broom-boat, and got into her stern, and tried at the cabbin, but that was locked; then he looked under the cloth, and saw a chest, and with a great oath said, here is a good prize: then they said let's heave it out, we will sell the things, and sit ourselves out for sea; they got it out of the hole and cut the rope, but could not then break it open upon the bulk; then they put a rope through the iron handles, and in lowering it down into their boat it fell, and hurt one of them very much; then they went away with it, and flung the rest of the things which they had taken over-board, near Scotland-yard; they rowed down to the Old Swan, and there broke it open, and carried the things off, but did not tell me where; they were both close together at the time Lambeth told me this.

Diana Watkins . I received this box of linen from the waterman: I wash for the prosecutor, (she mentions the things by name, as in the indictment, being in it.) I live at Laleham, after I had washed them, I put them again into the box myself, and locked it with this key, (producing one) and corded it with a twopenny cord, and put a direction on it for Mr. Merest, in the Little Cloysters Westminster

abbey, and saw it delivered to the waterman on the 16th of December, and on the 23d I was sent for to Sir John Fielding 's, there I saw the two boys at the bar; they were asked how they came by the linen, Lambeth said, they went in a little boat, and got into a large one, and took the box out, and rowed away with it. Sir John said, well, Walker, what do you say, do you say as Lambeth has said. He said, yes sir, we did take it. They both said they broke the box open.

Samuel Whitmore . On the 17th of December, about 4 in the afternoon, my wife bought this linen of the women at the bar. I was by and paid for it. They were both together.

Q. What are you?

Whitmore. I keep a cloaths shop, and sell shoes near Tower-hill. The whole came to 22 s. 6 d. (producing three table-cloths, six napkins, one apron, and a shaving-cloth.)

Q. to Bennet. Look at these things.

E. Bennet. These are my master's property. The linen was all marked I. M. and numbered.

Whitmore. I had a bill brought about 8 at night from Sir John Fielding , and I went and took Welch directly. When they sold them, they said they had been buying them at a gentleman's house, and there were a great many other things, and they would bring some sheets on the morrow. When I asked Welch about the other things, she cried and said, go to my house; take this key, (and gave me one) and open a trunk, there you will find some sheets. I took an officer with me, and went and found the hinge of the trunk broke behind, and we were told that Foy had been seen to get out at the window with some linen hanging out of her apron: after that we took her with these things upon her (producing more linen, deposed to by D. Watkins to be part of the things she sent in the box).

Israel Saunders On the 17th of December, Lambeth came to me and asked me the price of a jacket. I told him the price. He went away and came back again and bought one. He said, if I had known of you two or three hours ago, I could have sold you a very good bargain of Holland sheets and table-cloths that would cover a whole room: he said his father was captain of a frigate, and was dead; he had been at sea some years, and his mother that did live in the Mint, was killed in St. George's fields, and that Walker, who was with him, was his brother by the father's side, and they had b-to - s at home that had robbed his mother of many things, when she was killed, which they did not know of till they came from sea. Said I, what sort of things have you got? They said they had sold for 14 shillings and a pot of hot what was worth 4 or 5 guineas, to two women, names Welch and Foy; at the Blue Boar, and the next day they said they would come to me; then they went about their business. Sir John sent bills of these things being stolen into Rosemary-lane. After that the two boys came again, and brought two shirts and a pair of double ell Holland sheets; then I went to Mr. Murray, and borrowed a pair of handcuffs, and took the boys before Sir John Fielding ; they had two shirts of the same on. When they came to the Gatehouse, we bought them two cheque ones and put them on, and took the others from them.

Q. Do you know the prisoners Welch and Foy?

Saunders. I do, they are dealers; they buy kitchen stuff and things in the lane; they don't care what they buy, or how they are come by (the sheets and shirts produced, and deposed to by E. Bennet as the prosecutor's property).

Saunders. These sheets are worth two guineas a pair.

Walker's defence.

I had been to sea in an east country ship. I went to see a relation in Lambeth parish. We drank till it was pretty late, then we agreed to come to Westminster bridge, and take a boat, and come to the Old Swan: there came a man with a boat; he said, he would not carry us under six-pence. When we came into the boat, he had these things in a white napkin; he asked us if we would buy a shirt or two; we bought each of us one; then he said we should not have them without we bought the whole lump, so we bought the whole tote. The next morning we saw these marks upon them: we never went to do them out, but went to sell them. We sold some to these women. The next day that man stopped us, and while we were in prison the ship sailed. She lay at Rotherhithe, and belongs to Gottenburg.

Lambeth's defence.

It is true what he says.

Welch's defence.

I met the young men; they had some things tied up in a handkerchief; they shewed me these things at the Blue Boar. I agreed for them for 23 shillings: they said they were their own property, that their mother was killed in St. George's fields, and they had been abroad 9 years; that they buried her directly in Whitechapel. I never saw them before.

Foy's defence.

Mrs. Welch desired me to look at these things. I asked them where they got them; they said they were their mother's, who was killed, and they had been abroad.

Walker and Lambeth, Guilty 39 s. T .

Welch and Foy Acquitted .

Edward Richards.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-3

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115. (M.) Edward Richards was indicted for stealing a silver table spoon, value 7 s. the property of Samuel Swinton , January 5 . +

Samuel Swinton . I live in Coventry-street . The prisoner is brother to a servant of mine. A few weeks ago Justice Welch sent a constable for me. I went there, and this silver spoon was shewed to me. I know it to be my property. The prisoner was there: he owned he took it out of my house when he came to see his brother. I brought his brother from the West-Indies; they are both blacks. (The spoon produced and deposed to).

Thomas Willson . I was told on the 5th of January the prisoner had offered a silver spoon to an old cloaths man, name Flyn. I was sent for to Mr. Welch's; there was the spoon, prisoner, and Flyn. There the prisoner owned he took the spoon from out of one of Mr. Swinton's drawers, while his brother was gone to the pantry to get him some victuals.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

James Bates.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-4
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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116. (M.) James Bates was indicted for stealing an iron stove grate, value 10 s. the property of James Smith , January 15 . *

James Smith . I am a smith , and live in Gray's-inn-lane. On the 15th of January, between 12 and 3, I lost this grate from my shop window, (producing it.) I found it again at Mr. Lucas's, a pawnbroker, by which means I took up the prisoner, and before Justice Girdler he confessed he stole it from my window.

Margaret Lucas . The prisoner pledged this grate with me in January, I am not positive to the day, for 3 shillings. Thomas Hancock , the constable who took him up, deposed to that of his confession.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . B .

Henry Corbet.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-5

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117. (M.) Henry Corbet was indicted for stealing a linen sheet, value 2 s. the property of William Smith , in a certain lodging room lett by contract , to be used by the prisoner, &c. Jan. 1 . ++

William Smith . I am a plasterer , and live in Shoreditch . The prisoner took a lodging of me the last day of December. He paid me 2 d. for it for that night. When he was gone, on the first of January in the morning, I missed a sheet. I saw no more of him till the 31st of January. My baker being constable, I went there; he said he had taken a man for stealing a Cheshire cheese out of a cart, and that he was a baker. I knowing the man that had robbed me was a baker, I went to see him before the Justice, and found him to be the same. I charged him with taking my sheet: he confessed it, and said he had pawned it to a woman, name Young, near Shoreditch church. I went there; she said, if she had it she had sold it, so I could not get it again.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing of it.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him.

Hannah Stodard.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-6
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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118. (M.) Hannah Stodard was indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, value 4 s. a looking-glass, value 2 s. a copper saucepan, value 12 d, a flat iron, value 6 d. and a linen bed curtain, value 12 d. the property of George Roberts , in a certain lodging , lett by contract to the said Hannah, to be used by her, February 7 . ||

The prosecutor deposed he lett the room to a man that came with her as her husband, to be used by him and the prisoner.

The indictment being laid wrong, she was acquitted .

James Davis.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-7
VerdictNot Guilty

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119. (M.) James Davis was indicted for stealing 5 s. in money numbered , the property of William Benson , December 28 . *

William Benson . I live at Mr. Bellamy's in James-street. I went to go into a necessary house: the prisoner followed me down in the cellar. I felt his hand in my waistcoat pocket. I missed my money after; which I had put into that pocket but just before, which was five shillings and some odd halfpence.

Peter Shele . I am a constable: I live in Denmark-court, by Exeter 'Change. The prisoner was brought to the watch-house. The prosecutor there told me the prisoner had robbed him of five shillings and some halfpence: this he said three times over. I searched the prisoner, and found 4 s. 6 d. in silver, and 9 d. in halfpence (produced in court.)

Q. to prosecutor. Are you certain to what pieces of money you lost?

Prosecutor. There was 4 s. 6 d. in silver, and 6 d. in halfpence.

Patrick Gibson . I keep the public house where this happened. On the 28th of December I heard Benson cry, he was robbed. I went to him, and saw him and the prisoner had hold on each other. I saw the prisoner searched in the watch-house;

that was about an hour and three quarters after.

Prisoner's defence.

I was upon my duty upon Whitehall guard. I received my pay that morning. I went to refresh myself at a public house in Westminster. Mr. Benson came in a little in liquor: he forced himself into my company, and said he had been a soldier; he was going away and said, if I would go with him, he would treat me with a pint or a pot. We went to another house, there we had a pot of twopenny; then he took me to another house in Covent-garden; after that he took me to Mr. Gibson's house, and called for a pot of beer, there he asked to go to the necessary house; a boy lighted him down; he staid there some time. I wanted to go, the boy lighted me down. He went away with the candle. The prosecutor had not found the necessary house: he insisted upon going to it before me: we struggled for it: he had bought some eggs as he came; we broke them. When he found they were broke, he said, I had robbed him of his money.

Acquitted .

Owen Cheslyn.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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120. Owen Cheslyn was indicted for stealing a metal watch, value 21 s. the property of James Bargrove , privately in the shop of the said James , December 14 .

He was acquitted without going into the evidence, on account of his youth, being but 10 years of age.

Samuel Abrahams.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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121. (M.) Samuel Abrahams , otherwise Solomon , was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Shaw , and stealing a piece of linen handkerchiefs, value 9 s. the property of the said James, December 21 . *

Mr. Hamilton. On the 21st of December, about 9 at night, we missed a piece of handkerchief out of the shop of Mr. Shaw. I believe the glass where they lay was cracked before. I don't know how many handkerchiefs were stolen; they are generally made in dozens.

William Preston . On the 21st of December, betwixt 8 and 9 at night, I, and the prisoner, and another not taken, went out, having no money, in order to get some. We saw this glass was cracked; we pushed it in, and Abrahams took a piece of handkerchiefs out; we took and sold it the same night to a Jew that he knew; he used to buy things of us. There were twelve of them in one piece.

Richard Welch . I keep a public house. I saw the prisoner and evidence drinking together in my house, that is all I know.

Sarah Tims . I live at Mr. Welch's. I have seen the prisoner and evidence together with another man.

Acquitted .

He was detained, having the day before been tried and cast for transportation at Hicks's Hall.

Joseph Blizard.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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122. (M.) Joseph Blizard was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 3 s. a linen napkin, a cloth waistcoat, a pair of worsted stockings, and a pair of leather shoes , the property of John Jellers , January 5 . *

Acquitted .

Anne Sullivan.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-11
VerdictNot Guilty

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123. (M.) Anne Sullivan , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 3 l. and 5 s. in money numbered, the property of James Bramstead , in the dwelling-house of the said Sullivan , January 5 . +

John Bramstead . I am a clerk to a sugar-house . I was going home to Spital-fields from Ratcliff-highway. The prisoner was standing at her door, where she is a lodger, in Buckle-street, Goodman's fields ; she pulled me into the house: this was between 12 and 1 o'clock in the night.

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

Bramstead. I was not drunk, I was sober enough to know what I did. She lodged up two air of stairs; she ran up for a candle.

Q. Why did not you run out?

Bramstead. I did not know the way out: it was a back room, and it was dark.

Q. What was done after she brought a candle?

Bramstead. She pushed me down.

Q. What upon the floor?

Bramstead. No, upon the bed. Then I called for help, and she called for help, and we had a struggle for the watch. I cried out, murder. She called for her husband and others to come and help her.

Q. Did any body come?

Bramstead. No. When I called out, she put her apron into my mouth, and held a knife over my throat. I put my arm up in order to save it, then she slid the watch and 5 s. in money from the same pocket.

Q. What was you doing all this while?

Bramstead. I was lying on the bed.

Q. How long was this about?

Bramstead. This was about five minutes.

Q. How long was you in that house in the whole?

Bramstead. About eight minutes. She brought a candle, and gave me several blows.

Q. Why did you not call the watch?

Bramstead. I did, but none came, when I found her, which was in about 4 or 5 days after, she said the watch was in pawn, on Saltpetre-bank.

Timothy Rimington . After the prisoner had been away 3 or 4 days, she came to me one night, (I am a watchman) to light a candle; I charged her with using a man ill: she said tell the man it is in pawn, and if he will take it out, he shall have it again.

Q. Did she tell you the owner's name?

Rimington. She told me his name was Bramstead.

Sebrough Carney. I live in the same house where the prisoner does, she came up to me and asked for a bit of candle; I would not let her have any, she snatched one out of the candlestick, and took part of it. I heard the gentleman cry out murder, and said do not murder me, give me the watch, it is not my own; the next day she said it was in Blue Anchor yard, Rosemary-lane, that she had pawned it.

Mrs. Rimington. I lodge in the same house with the prisoner, my husband was not at home that night: there are several other lodgers, men and women, in the same house. I heard the man cry murder, murder, he was robbed, but did not see him: the prisoner quitted her lodgings two days afterwards. I heard her say the old scoundrel should have his watch if he would pay her.

Prisoner's defence.

I happened to hear a noise at the door, I saw the prosecutor cutting a woman's petticoats off with a knife, and said she had his watch: she got away, then he laid hold of my arm, I was afraid he was going to kill me. I never saw no more of him till he and a thief-taker came, then he said tell me where that woman is that has got my watch, and I will forgive you.

Acquitted .

John Bullock.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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124. (L.) John Bullock was indicted for stealing a draft, for the payment of 102 l 8 s. 11 d. signed by Thomas Huckle , in behalf of himself and Edward Willson , dated the 27th of December, 1764. and a leather pocket-book, value 6 d. the property of James Pell , January 21 . +

James Pell . On the 21st of January, betwixt 5 and 6 in the evening, I went from my own house to Furnival's Inn; I had my pocket-book, in which were several memorandums, and likewise a draft upon Sir George Colebrook and others, for the payment of 102 l. 8 s. and 11 d. When I returned I missed my book, then I went to Sir George Colebrook 's and desired they would stop the person that should come with it for payment: I was sent for there on the Thursday following, there I found one Richards had been stopped with it; I took him before my Lord-Mayor, he said he received it of one Simpson, who is here a witness: he said the prisoner Bullock at first said it was left him as a legacy; after that he said he received it of one Shirley, who cannot be found, (a notorious pick-pocket.)

Charles Simpson . The prisoner delivered this draft to me, (taking it in his hand.)

(It is read in court, directed to Sir George Colebrook , Bart. &c)

Q. What are you?

Simpson. I am a mathematical instrument maker ; this was about three weeks ago, he desired me to get it changed; I, being busy at work, delivered it to Richards.

Q. Was you to have any part of the money?

Simpson. No, I was not.

Q. How long had you been acquainted with the prisoner?

Simpson. About 13 or 14 years, he served his time with the same gentleman that I did.

Q. What is Richards?

Simpson Richards is clerk to a proctor in the Commons.

Q. Did the prisoner tell you how he came by it?

Simpson. If I am not mistaken he said one Shirley found it.

Q. What is Shirley?

Simpson. I never saw him.

Q. Did not the prisoner tell you he had it left as a legacy?

Simpson. I do not recollect he did.

Prosecutor. That was the first declaration you made.

Q. Where did the prisoner deliver this draft to you?

Simpson. He delivered it to me in Poppin's-alley.

Q. Was Richards by then?

Simpson. No, he was not.

Prisoner's defence.

This day month I went into the Plough, in Black Horse-alley, in the evening; there was Shirley, he told me he had found a note, and asked me to get change for it; I said I could not tell whether I could or not, till I saw it. The next morning I met Simpson, at the Red Lion in Poppin's-alley, Shirley was with me; Simpson took

it, and gave it to Richards: there we were all in a box together.

Q. to Simpson. Was Shirley at the Red Lion at the time the note was delivered to you?

Simpson. He was.

Q. Did Shirley say he found it?

Simpson. I heard him say so.

Q. Where is Shirley?

Simpson. I never saw him before, nor since.

Acquitted .

John Stafford.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-13

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125. (L.) John Stafford was indicted for stealing a frail, value 1 d. and 50 pounds weight of raisins, value 10 s. the property of persons unknown, February 9 . ++

Stephen Goodson . I am a constable. Last Sunday was se'nnight John Miller , a watchman, brought the prisoner to me, with a frail of raisins on his head; I asked the prisoner how he came by them, he said he stole them.

John Miller . I am a watchman in Tower-street; I was in my box, the prisoner came by with a frail of raisins upon his head, I jumped out, and took him by the collar; he threw the frail on the ground, I called for assistance, and Joseph Richardson came: we took him and the raisins to the constable.

Joseph Richardson confirmed the account the last evidence gave, and likewise that of the prisoner's confession.

The prisoner said in his defence, he found the frail in the street.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Kemp.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-14

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126. (L.) Thomas Kemp was indicted for stealing a frail, value 1 d. and 50 pounds weight of raisins, value 10 s. the property of persons unknown, February 9 . ++

The prisoner and another man were going by the watch-house, about 12 at night, on the 9th of February, by the constable Goodson, with each a frail on their heads; he called stop thief, they flung down their frails and ran, and the prisoner was knocked down by the watchman and secured.

Guilty . T .

William Hall.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-15

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127. (L.) William Hall was indicted for stealing a wooden drawer, called a till, value 6 d. and 20 s. in money numbered , the property of Sarah Dunbar , widow , January 20 . ++

Sarah Dunbar . On the 20th of January, about 9 at night, I was backwards, and nobody in the shop, I heard, I believe, the till strike against the door as they carried it out. I went to the door, and saw nobody: I went to see if the till was safe, and it was gone; then I desired a neighbour to call stop thief, he did, and the prisoner was taken in about a quarter of an hour, and brought to my shop by John Wilkinson .

John Wilkinson . On Monday night, the 20th of January, I was walking along Addle-street, at the end of Philip-lane, I saw the prisoner and another man running together, the other man had the till, or drawer; I looked very earnestly at him as he passed me: there came a little boy, and said they had stole a till; they turned up on the left hand, one went one way, the other another. I followed the prisoner, he went up Frying-pan alley, I took him in Staining-lane, and brought him back to Mrs. Dunbar. The other was a young fellow with his hair tied behind.

John Hosley . I am 16 years of age next April. I saw a couple of men at Mrs. Dunbar's door, she came to the door, and called stop thief, I have lost my till; I said to the last evidence, there they go; the prisoner, as I believe, and another man, were running together; he pursued and took the prisoner at the bar.

Prisoner's defence.

My father is a shoemaker, I work along with him. I was going to my aunt's at Westminster. I met a young man at the bottom of Grub-street, he asked me to drink; we went and staid till nine, then I was going away by myself, I ran up Philip-lane, and was going for Wood-street, and they took hold of me and brought me back.

He called William Hall, his father, Anne Whitney , and John Stanley , to his character.

Guilty . T .

Benjamin Talbot.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-16

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128. (L.) Benjamin Talbot was indicted for stealing 9 silver buckles for shoes, value 3 l. the property of Richard Mighell , February 14 . ++

Richard Mighell . I am a goldsmith , and live upon Fish-street Hill : last Thursday evening, between 7 and 8 o'clock, I was in the compting-house behind the shop, a person came and informed me there were some boys about my glasses: I came into the shop, and discovered a small hole at the corner of a glass, and about 8 or 10 pair of buckles were gone. I ran out, up Fish-street Hill, when I came to Cannon-street, I saw two persons running from the opposite side of the way, the prisoner was one of them, who I immediately laid hold of; I said I had a suspicion of his robbing me: he said he lived with Mr. Roberts in Lombard-street. I went with him into Lombard-street, he went past it; then he said he lived with Roberts a barber, at the bottom of the street; I

went on and enquired, but found no such person. When I came to the Post-Office, I thought I heard something drop, I looked about and found nothing; then I imagined it was something in his pocket hit against a post: I felt on the outside, and found something like buckles, I put my hand in, and pulled out a plain silver buckle. I was afraid he might drop more of them, I called to Mr. Kippin to take hold of his other arm; we took him to the Compter, and in the presence of the constable and another young man, we took out of the same pocket another, which I believe was the fellow to it, and in his breeches we found 2 pair and 3 odd ones; we searched farther and found the long new scarlet cloaks, in his coat pocket: he said he found the cloaks and buckles in Gracechurch-street, and before my Lord Mayor he said he found them in a passage on Fish street hill. I have since had two buckles brought me that were found in the street. ( The buckles produced in court and deposed to.)

John Kippin . I live with Mr. Champion, in Morgan's-lane, Tooley-street, and followed the prosecutor and prisoner into Lombard-street; the gentleman thought he heard the prisoner drop something, he desired me to lay hold of the prisoner's hand: we took him to the Compter, I saw the buckles taken from his pocket and breeches.

Prisoner's defence.

Going across Monument-yard, I saw a man in a white surtout coat drop something, I took it up and found these cloaks and buckles.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against him for stealing the cloaks.

William Lloyd.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-17
VerdictNot Guilty

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129. (L.) William Lloyd was indicted for forging, and publishing a will and power purporting to be the last will and testament of William Duff , a mariner on board the Boscawen Indiaman, with intent to defraud the united company of merchants trading to the East-Indies : laid also to be done with intent to defraud Ynyr Burgess . It was laid also to be done with intent to defraud persons unknown, August 8, 1765 . ||

James Peisley . I am clerk to Mr. Faulkner in Doctors Commons. I remember the prisoner's coming to my master's office to prove the will of William Duff , the 8th of August 1765: he wanted to take the probate of it, he said his name was William Lane, the executor, named in the will, (holding a will in his hand) this is it, upon this there was a probate granted. I took it to the sign of the Ship, facing the India-house, from whence the prisoner and I went to the India-house, to receive the money, on the account of his not having paid my master: I delivered it to him there, the money due was 50 l. he received a 30 and 20 l. Bank note of Mr. Burgess the pay-master, this was in less than a week after he came to our house; then we went together to the Bank, to change the notes, I was paid 1 l. 10 s. for the probate, and I think he made me a present of half a crown for my trouble.

Q. Did he demand the wages due to William Duff ?

Peisley. He did, under that probate, which he produced and shewed to Mr. Burgess. I think Mr. Burgess asked him where he lived, he said at Portsmouth, he signed a receipt for the money.

Q. Look at this paper.

Peisley. (He takes it in his hand.) This is the receipt, the name W. Lane is the prisoner's handwriting, one Richardson was waiting at the Shop tavern, who went with me to the Bank: he came several times to the office about the probate, so that I have no doubt of knowing the person.

Captain Arthur Morris . I was captain of the Boscawen Indiaman the last voyage, William Duff , a mariner on board my ship, died at Calcutta.

Q. Were was he on the 10th of January, 1763?

Morris. My journal will tell, (he looks on it) we were then on our voyage from Bombay to Bengal.

Q. Have you seen that Duff write?

Morris. (Takes the will in his hand.) I have, this is not his hand writing.

Q. Look at the witness's name, Thomas Brand .

Morris. There was one Thomas Brand on board my ship, he is since dead: I was well acquainted with his hand-writing, this is not at all like it, he died in August 1763.

Q. Look at the name, John Welch , a witness.

Morris. There was a man of that name on board, but I know nothing of his hand-writing.

Q. Was the prisoner on board your vessel?

Morris. I never saw him in my life, before I saw him at Justice Fielding's.

Q. When did you said from England?

Morris. In May 1761, and Duff continued with us till we came to Bengal.

Evan Evans . I was purser on board this ship, and sailed this voyage. I have seen Duff write, (looks at the name upon the will) this is not in the least like his writing; he died at Calcutta, and so did Thomas Brand . I do not think this name

Brand is of his writing, I have seen him write often. I knew John Welch on board our ship; he could not write.

Q. How long was your ship at Bengal?

Evans. She was 13 months there.

Q. Where was she on the 10th of January that year?

Evans. She was at sea on her course thithers and she set out from there on the 21st of March, 1764.

Elizabeth Bourk . I have known the prisoner about 13 years. His name is William Lloyd , to the best of my knowledge. In last July he was confined with a very bad distemper.

Q. Where have you known him?

Bourk. I have seen him in Spitalfields, where his wife lived. I have been much acquainted with him; he has been oftentimes backwards and forwards at my house.

Elizabeth Wood . I have known the prisoner 10 years and more; he and his family lived somewhere near Spitalfields. I became acquainted with him through Mr. Richardson. I never knew him go by any other name than that of William Lloyd .

Q. Have you ever seen him write?

Wood. I have.

Q. Can you write?

Wood. I cannot, but I can read writing.

Q. Look at this will, the name Thomas Brand .

Wood. (Takes it in her hand.) Here are the names Thomas Brand , John Welch , and William Duff . The name Thomas Brand is much like the prisoner's hand writing. I believe it is his hand writing. The prisoner could write many sorts of hands.

Richard Moxey . I have known the prisoner from the beginning of the year 1755. His name is William Lloyd . I never heard him called by any other name. He was on board his Majesty's ship the Monarque, the Magnanime, and Royal William. He was turned over from ship to ship with me.

William Holding . I have known him about five years. I never knew him go by any other name than William Lloyd .

Yuyr Burgess. On the 9th of August last, a person came by the name of William Lane, and produced the probate of a will, the name William Duff : that person signed a receipt, and called himself the executor named in that will. There are such numbers of people that we pay money to, I cannot be certain to his person. I remember the sum was exactly 50 l. and he was paid in a 30 and 20 l. Bank note.

Thomas Cross . I am clerk to the Pay-office, and have been almost 33 years. I can't say I know the prisoner. It is always my business to witness receipts: here is my name to this as a witness: it is always my business to ask executors or administrators where they live, in case any future demand should be made for wages. The person that was executor to this, gave me this direction, that he lived at the Feathers, on Portsmouth common.

Q. to Burgess. If money should be paid by you to a false person, who does the loss fall upon?

Burgess. I never did pay any money upon a false demand yet, but this, as I know of. The company issue the money, and the owners of ships deliver that money to me; so that if I was to commit an error, the company are responsible to the owners of the ships, and I am accountable to the owner for the money I receive of them; but the company, I apprehend, would indemnify me, had I paid the money under a legal authority, (that is, a probate from Doctor's Commons.) I account with the ships husbands, and look upon myself the officer of the company.

The will in question read.

In the common form. William Lane, of Portsmouth, in Hampshire, executor. Signed Jan. 10, 1763. Signed, sealed, published, and declared, in the presence of Thomas Brand and John Welch .

The receipt of the money received read, amounting to 64 l. 19 s. 10 d.

Signed W. Lane.

Burgess. The balance on the account was just sixty pounds. I have been informed by my clerk, that a person came to demand the wages at a time I was not at home, and I have not heard of the person since.

Q. How came you to commence a prosecution against the prisoner for this offence?

Burgess. It was upon the account of a letter sent to me by William Richardson , lately executed, desiring to speak with me, and Captain Morris of the Boscawen. Richardson was then under sentence of death. He charged the prisoner with forging this will.

Prisoner. They proposed to get him a pardon.

Burgess. I never made him such a promise.

Prisoner's defence.

I was acquainted with the deceased about 12 years. We had several connections together. I made my will to him and he to me. I said, don't make it in my name, I am indebted to a great many people, and I shall be put in prison. He said, I am as bad as you: he desired me to make mine

to him in the name of William Duffin . This was between 11 and 12 years ago, and if there was any likelihood of his dying, he was to send it to me; and two sailors, Samuel Hanbury and John Forster , delivered it to me at Westchester. I have received a letter since, that they are both gone to sea. William Duff made his will to me in the name of William Lane, instead of William Lloyd .

Acquitted .

See him tried for forging a seaman's will. No 148. in Mr. Alderman Cokayne's mayoralty.

See E. Bourk a witness in the name of Elizabeth, wife of William Richardson , in the trial of Mr. Goswell, No 41. in Mr. Alderman Beckford's mayoralty, and in the name Bourk against Richardson, No 506. in last mayoralty.

See Elizabeth Wood an evidence in the name of Elizabeth Clark , otherwise Elizabeth Cox, against William Barlow , for forging a seaman's will, No 436, 437. in Mr. Alderman Beckford's mayoralty.

David Miller.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-18
VerdictNot Guilty

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130. (M.) David Miller was indicted for stealing three pair of pistols, value 14 l. the property of William Henshaw , Jan. 1 . ++

William Henshaw . I live in Norfolk-street in the Strand , and am a gun-maker . On the 1st of January last, about 8 o'clock in the morning, I missed three pair of pistols.

Alexander Atkins . I am servant to Mr. Henshaw. I was shutting up the windows, about 8 o'clock, and discovered a hole in the window. I went within side, there I missed three pair of pistols from off the hooks, near the hole.

Patrick Rock . I live at the corner of Hatton-garden, Holborn. I keep a silversmith's shop, and sell pistols. On the 22d of January, the prisoner came and asked me if I would buy a pair of pistols, and shewed me a pair: he asked me 30 shillings for them; they were unfinished; I bid him 15; he agreed to take that (produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor). I paid him for them. Said he, I have some other things of value and consequence to sell. After he was gone, I suspected him, and was determined to stop him when he came again. On the 23d he brought me another pair, silver mounted, (produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor). He asked six guineas for these. I was behind the counter, and kept talking to him in order to keep him till somebody came by to assist me. He suspected I was going to apprehend him; he catched that I had out of my hand, and ran away. I called, stop thief, and pursued: he threw the pistols out of his hand in a handkerchief into the high way. A gentleman here took them up. I took him, with assistance, opposite the bishop of Ely's gate, in Holborn.

Richard Cadwell . On the 23d of January, I heard Mr. Rock cry, stop thief. The prisoner ran by me with a handkerchief in his hand, which he threw into the high way, and in running about 12 yards farther, we secured him: the pistols were taken up, which he threw away in the handkerchief. He said, they were his own property.

Lambeth Case. I was going up Holborn the 23d of January, between 8 and 9 o'clock. I was on one side the way, and the prisoner on the other; running, he threw the handkerchief and pistols away so artfully, that I did not see the pistols till the handkerchief was taken up. I took them up. The prisoner demanded them as his property. He was taken before Justice Girdler, and committed.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been in the city: coming home there were people fighting, and a mob, near St. Clement's church-yard. I felt something with my foot, a person near me stumbled over it; he turned back, and I picked it up. There were two pair of pistols. He claimed a right to them. I said, do they belong to you? I did not show him them. This was between 6 and 7 in the evening. I went on about my business. I said, he should drink if he pleased. We went to a public house, and had a pot of beer; after that I had another pint; he wanted half what I had found, but I would not give him any thing. I went home, and after that I went to sell them to that gentleman. I carried a pair first that were unfinished; a workman told me they were worth 4 guineas, but it would cost 2 or 3 more to finish them. I sold them for 15 s. and bought two silver tea spoons. I said, I had another pair at home of consequence. Said he, if you'll bring them, I'll buy them. I brought them about 9 o'clock. We did not agree. When I was got about 2 or 3 yards from the door, he called, stop thief. I stumbled, and they sell out of my hand. The gentleman came and said I was a thief. I said, they were my pistols and handkerchief. They took me before the Justice.

For the prisoner.

James Elmore . I am a night-man. I never knew the prisoner till I met him in the Strand about a month or five weeks ago. About 6 or 7 in the evening I had my rod in my hand, by St. Clement's church-yard. I saw a mob of people. I got up near the houses: there I felt something.

The prisoner stooped and picked it up. I said, friend, what have you got there? He said, what is that to you; he still kept going on towards Catherine-street. I was going to Hanover-street, Long acre. I saw him look several times at it, but he did not open it. He asked me if I had lost any thing, I said, no. I asked him two or three times what he had got there. I saw it was something tied in a handkerchief. We stopped at the White Bear, at the corner of Hanover street; there he would treat me with a pot of beer; then he opened the handkerchief, and shewed me four pistols, then he called for another pint, and threw down six-pence, and ran away, and I never saw him since, only once in Newgate; he sent me a letter to come to him there.

Q. Did you tell him where you lived?

Elmore. No, I did not.

Q. How came he to know how to direct to you?

Elmore. I can't tell that, and this day a woman brought me a subpoena. I went to a lawyer in Clifford's-inn to know whether I must come here, and he told me I must. I received two letters from him, one from New Prison, that I have lost, the other from Newgate (producing it.) I went to him accordingly. I did not go to New Prison, the letter being signed David Miller, and I did not know any person of that name.

Q. Where were your letters directed to?

Elmore. To the White Bear. I use that house, and always leave my rod there. I received the letters there, directed to Mr. James, night-man, at the White Bear, Castle-street.

Q. How came he to know your business?

Elmore. I can't tell that.

Q. to prosecutor. Did the prisoner mention any thing of this before the Justice?

Prosecutor. He said he found them close up against a door in the Strand. I never heard him mention any mob or fighting, or any thing of this man.

He called Mary Hains and Jacob Janeway , who had known him about two years, who said, they never knew any ill of him.

The letter read to this purport:


"I should be obliged to you if you will let me

"see you to-morro w morning. I sent one letter

"to you before, when I was in New Prison; as

"I did not see you then, I beg, for God's sake,

"you will come to me, and ask for one David


"Newgate, Dated Feb. 14."

Acquitted ;

James Burnham, Mary Brown.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-19
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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131, 132. (M.) James Burnham was indicted for stealing two pieces of a-la-mode silk, containing 70 yards, value 12 l. the property of John Horner , privately in the shop of the said John , and Mary Brown , widow , for receiving the same, well knowing the same to have been stolen , January 17 . ++

John Horner . I live at the Hermitage , and am a linen-draper . I bought the silk the 10th of January. It is an article I use in my business, to line womens hats and cardinals. I missed the two pieces mentioned on the Monday following, from off the counter. About three or four days after an officer came with the evidence Anthony Fox , and asked me if I had lost any silk. I said, I had. Fox said, he, in company with James Burnham , stole it, and that it was sold to Mary Brown. She had been taken up before. The Justice ordered a search-warrant. I went with the officer to her apartment, by Rosemary-lane. We found some of the silk, part in a band box, and part in a drawer: it had been cut, and some run into two petticoats (some silk produced in court.) I believe this to be my property, part of the same I lost: it was lost in two different pieces, in two papers, 30 of half ell, and 42 and a quarter of 3 quarters.

Q. Have you measured this you produce here?

Horner. No.

He was ordered to measure it, which he did in court.

Horner. Here is 26 yards of the 3 quarters, and about 24 of half ell. This is made of a slighter kind on purpose for our own use. The general run are a stouter kind. The two prisoners denied the charge before the Justice.

Q. Did the woman at the bar claim the silk?

Horner. She never claimed or disclaimed it.

David Close . I am an officer. On the Saturday before the 8th of February, I was going to the barber's. A man that had been robbed had got hold of the evidence: he delivered him to me. He would not confess any thing at first, but after that he did, and said, he had been guilty of several robberies. This was before the Justice. I went with him to the houses he directed me to: the people all said they had lost the things he mentioned. He gave an account of this silk. We went to the prosecutor; he said, he had lost such. The boy said, it was sold to the woman at the bar. The Justice ordered us to go and fetch her, which we did. We found her in bed at 12 at noon; we went and found this silk in her apartment. The boy said, she bought it of him and the prisoner for 6 s. and he had 3 s. of the money. Burnham was taken five or six days after: he would

not own to any thing at all, we took Fox the evidence and two boys in bed with three girls, like piggs in a barn; some little time before this, the boys promised to go all to sea, upon which they were discharged, and in about a week after he was taken again.

Anthony Fox . I shall be 16 years of age come Michaelmas next. I have known Burnham about 3 months; he enticed me away from my master, where I was apprentice to a butcher, into this way of life. We had been on the other side the water, we crossed to the Hermitage; between 10 and 11 at night, the maid was shutting up the window at the prosecutor's house, it was on a Saturday night, she went round the corner to shut the back parlour window, and Burnham went into the shop, and brought out two pieces of silk; we carried them to Mary Brown 's, she was at a neighbour's next door; he called her out and I staid below: he and she went up into the room, he brought down 6 s. and gave me three of it: when I was taken I confest it.

Burnham's defence.

I never was along with that lad in my life, this is all out of spite, I have seen him about in Gravel-lane, and licked him once or twice.

For Burnham.

John Barker . The evidence was along with the constable, I was in at the Beehive in Nightingale-lane, there was Burnham's mother; she asked him how he could be so cruel to take her son away: he said the officers had made him drunk, and he did not know what he was doing of; give me a crown, and get me a ship, and I will never appear against him.

Brown's defence.

I bought this silk of a woman at 14 d. per yard, there was 17 yards of one piece, and I think 26 of the other; she said she came from Wapping. I had not money enough to pay for it, and I borrowed half a guinea, and pawned a sattin cloak, and then could not make the money up, without borrowing half a crown of my next door neighbour; this was about two months ago.

She called Mary Donivah , and Jane Hugo , of Rosemary-lane, and Hannah Ward , in Holywell-street, behind St. Clement's Church, all dealers in cloaths, who gave her a good character.

Burnham Guilty of stealing , but not privately in the shop . T .

Brown, Guilty . T. 14 .

He was a second time indicted for stealing 20 handkerchiefs, value 20 s. the property of William Statfield , privately in his shop , January 4 . *

He was a third time indicted for stealing 7 woollen jackets, value 20 s. and a pair of woollen drawers, the property of John Venables , privately in his shop , January 21 .

He was a fourth time indicted for stealing 10 woollen jackets, value 3 l. the property of Jane Grieves , spinster , privately in her shop , January 17 .

He was a fifth time indicted for stealing 2 cheeses weighing 18 pounds, a wooden tub, value 2 d. and 20 pickled herrings , the property of Robert Sturgeon , January 28 .

The prosecutors in these indictments could only say they lost the goods mentioned, and the only evidence to the fact was the boy Fox: the prisoner was acquitted without calling him.

Susanna M'kenzie, Edward Tricket.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-20
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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133, 134. (M.) Susanna M'kenzie was indicted for stealing a watch, with a gold box, and outside case shagreen, value 5 l. and a gold watch chain, value 40 s. the property of William Bready ; and Edward Tricket for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , February 6 . *

William Bready . I had drank rather too hard, with two gentlemen waiting for the stage-coach going out; then I took coach to go to the Talbot-inn in the Strand, in order to lie there, and go out in the morning with the stage coach, this was on Thursday the 6th instant. The jolting of the coach, and the liquor together, took my senses away. I know I lay in a room by myself, I missing my watch in the morning after, did not go in the coach, but staid to inquire after it. It was the very day I had received it of the watchmaker that had cleaned it. I applied to the beadle of Goldsmiths Hall, and delivered out hand-bills, and in consequence of that I found it, (produced and deposed to) it is an horizontal watch; I gave 15 guineas for the movement finished up: the gold cases were my own before, the maker's name is Berridge; the chain was stopt by Mr. Smith in Holborn, where I saw it, (produced and deposed to.)

Mr. Smith. I am a goldsmith, and live in Holborn, last Monday was se'nnight, about 6 in the evening, one John Olive brought this chain to sell, he said he found it, a little above St. Andrew's Church, as he was going to the play-house;

by mentioning the word play-house, I imagined it had been stole from somebody going into the play-house, so I stopt it. I said I should see if it was advertised, and ordered him to call again on the Thursday: after he was gone I recollected I had a warning from Goldsmiths Hall. I looked at it, and found it was about a gold watch and chain lost. I sent to the hall for information, they let me know they thought it to be the prosecutor's property; he was sent for, and said it was his. I desired him not to advertise it, fearing the man that brought it would not come again. On the Thursday he came again; then I stopt him, and carried him to Guildhall: he desired to go in at the Castle, to speak to some of his friends, and then he would confess the whole; then he said he had the chain of Tricket, the prisoner at the bar.

Harriet Taylor . The prisoner M'Kenzie and I were together at the Talbot inn in the Strand, we were in a little room on the left hand going in, the gentleman took out his watch to look at it, and laid it down in the window; he was in liquor: after that I went home with M'Kenzie to lie along with her, there was Tricket in bed, he struck a light, and she pulled out this watch; Tricket took and turned it about, and wound it up, and smiled, and said it was nothing but a metal watch; he said he must not go to offer it soon, but it would fetch but a guinea.

Q. What is Tricket?

H. Taylor. He is a watchmaker. I left Tricket and M'Kenzie in bed together, between 10 and 11 the next morning.

Tricket. That evidence was very much in liquor, she fell slump on the bed, said she we have got a watch; we got it at the Talbot inn, from a gentleman.

John Olive . On Sunday the 9th day of this instant, I had been at the other end of the town, I called upon Tricket, he said he was going to the play at night, and he had no money, and if I would go to sell this chain, he would treat me with a play at night; then I took it to Mr. Smith, he said he had it of his Suky; they live together. There was a seal with a coat of arms engraved on a cornelian with it.

Prosecutor. I had such a seal to it when I lost it.

Olive. We got a knife and took the stone out, and I sold the gold for 2 s. and 9 d.

James Ealing . I had this watch of the man at the bar; he came first the 10th of February, and had 1 l. 16 s. 9 d. on it, he came again the 11th, and had it made up 50 s.

Q. Do you understand watches?

Ealing. I do not.

Q. What was the agreement you made with him?

Ealing. He was to fetch it in three months time, or it was to be sold.

Mr. Julian. I took upon this watch to be worth about 18 guineas.

M'Kenzie's Defence.

That woman and I drank punch with the gentleman at the Talbot inn, pretty merrily together, she was in liquor; I found the watch on the floor, I told her of it, she said it would buy each of us a gown.

Tricket's defence.

On that night I went to bed about nine, the two girls came into the room, said Taylor we have got a watch, we found it at the Talbot inn in the Strand; she was very drunk and fell about. I read the Advertiser to see if it was advertised. I had no money to get it advertised, and it was useless to me to keep it. I did not know it was gold, I waited five days, and then went and pawned it.

Tricket called John Brooks and Mary Tricket his mother, the first said he knew him about four years, and never knew any harm of him; the latter said she had brought him up with a great deal of care, and gave him the best of instructions.

M'Kenzie Guilty . T .

Tricket Guilty . T. 14 .

Mary Campbell.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-21

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135. (M.) Mary Campbell , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 6 s. a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 2 s. a silver table-spoon, value 8 s. a silver tea-spoon, value 1 s. and a pair of iron spurs plated with silver, value 1 s. the property of William Banks , February 4 . ||

William Banks . I am a coachman , a servant to a gentleman. I keep a house near Leicester-fields , the prisoner was a weekly servant to me; the things mentioned in the indictment were missing, she was charged with taking them: she owned she had taken and pawned them at three different times, and I found them again by her direction, at Mr. Hodges's, a pawnbroker, (produced in court and deposed to, the pawnbroker's servant confirmed the above account.)

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

William Baillie.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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136. (M.) William Baillie was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. 7 shirts, 2 pair of thread stockings, a pair of leather breeches, and a handkerchief , the property of Duncan Gordon , February 13 . ||

Duncan Gordon deposed he was a footman , but then out of place; he met the prisoner, whom he knew, who was out of place also; he took him to lodge with him: that he took the things mentioned and pledged them: he accused him with it, the prisoner acknowledged he had taken and pawned them, and that he did it in order to get some things he had out of pawn, to appear in, as he had heard of a place, thinking he might, as they were intimately acquainted with each other.

Acquitted .

John West.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-23

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137. (M.) John West was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of William Babb , February 1 . ||

William Babb . I am a farmer at Harefield in Middlesex , and the prisoner was my servant ; my watch used to hang in my kitchen, to serve instead of a clock. It was missing the first of February, and the prisoner ran away that morning; I persued and took him in a few hours: he had sold it to Robert Grange at Uxbridge, where I found it, by his direction, (produced and deposed to.)

Robert Grange . I bought the watch of the prisoner at the bar.

Prisoner's defence.

I picked the watch up at my master's back door.

Guilty . T .

Anne Morley.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-24

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138. (M.) Anne, wife of Joseph Morley , otherwise Anne Waley , spinster , was indicted for stealing two linen bed-curtains, value 2 s. 6 d. two linen sheets, value 2 s. 6 d. a copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. and a man's hat, value 12 d. the property of Charles Jeenes , February 11 . ||

Charles Jeenes . I keep a pork-shop in Golden-lane, the prisoner was a lodger of mine; she came to me as a married woman, and has since declared she is not married. I have lost many things, but I charge her with nothing but what we found and brought here; they were pledged in her name.

Daniel Getens . I am a pawnbroker, I took these things in of the prisoner at the bar; I lent her the same money upon them as is mentioned in the indictment.

Prisoner's defence.

I did not quit my lodgings, I pawned them for want.

Guilty . T .

William Lane, Vincent Hollis.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-25

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139, 140. (M.) William Lane , and Vincent Hollis , were indicted for stealing 4 bushels of oats, value 8 s. the property of Thomas Rayner , and a hempen sack, value 12 d. the property of William Taylor , February 5 . ||

William Taylor . On the 6th of this instant, I missed a sack of oats of four bushels out of my barge at Twickenham, and about 10 or 11 o'clock Mr. Freeman came, and told me he had them in his house; I went to his house with him, he shewed me them, they were in a tub: he said the two prisoners brought them to him, between 10 and 11 the night before. I took up the prisoners, they both owned they took them from the barge; that one lifted them on the other's shoulders, and they carried them to Mr. Freeman's house.

William Freeman deposed he lived at Twickenham, there had been several barges robbed: the prisoners asked him if he would buy any oats, he gave them room to think he would, in order to detect them; they brought the sack of oats, which had Taylor's name at length on it: that he went immediately to Taylor and told him of it.

Both Guilty . T .

Christian Hunter.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-26

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141. (M.) Christian Hunter , spinster , was indicted for stealing 2 cotton gowns, value 8 s. 2 muslin neckcloths, value 2 s. 9 linen caps, value 5 s. a silk handkerchief, value 1 s. a cotton one, value 1 s. a pair of linen sleeves, value 6 d. and 2 linen handkerchiefs, value 1 s. the property of John Dass , January 27 . ||

John Dass . I keep the Ship and Star in Wapping ; the prisoner lodged in my house three nights: the things mentioned in the indictment were hanging in the first floor backwards, the prisoner lay in that room. She came the 21st of January, and went away the 24th, at 11 in the day: we found one of the gowns at a pawnbroker's, pawned by another woman, who found the prisoner. She was taken before the Justice, there she owned to the taking the things, and said the devil tempted her to do it.

Mrs. Dass, his wife, confirmed the account he gave.

Mr. Kilderman the constable produced the things, and deposed he had some from Mr. Ashbridge's, and some from Mr. Forshell's, two pawnbrokers, deposed to by Mrs. Dass.

Guilty . T .

Francis Pepper.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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142. (L.) Francis Pepper was indicted for stealing a brown gelding, value 9 l. the property of Thomas Weed , and a black mare, value 4 l. the property of Luke Richards , January 31 . ||

Thomas Weed . I lost a brown gelding, out of some inclosed grounds, in the parish of Barnwell in Northamptonshire . I had seen him in the morning on the 27th, and at night he was gone; on the 31st I found him again in Smithfield, in the prisoner's possession. I asked him whether he owned the

horse, he said, yes. Upon which, I took hold of him, and said, the horse was mine. He was very much surprised, and said, he bought him at Potton fair, which was on the 28th. I charged a constable with him, and took him before my Lord-Mayor. There he said he bought him between Biggleswade and Eaton, but could not tell of whom. He had my neighbour Luke Richards 's mare also: she was taken from a ground next to mine; there was only a hedge parted them. He said, he bought them both between Biggleswade and Eaton, going to Potton.

Q. What is your horse worth?

Weed. He is worth 9 l.

Luke Richards . I missed my mare the same time Mr. Weed did his. I went with him in search. We found them both in Smithfield. I heard the prisoner say he bought them both between Biggleswade and Potton, in Bedfordshire. I lost three horses that night, and in going home from London found one of the others, which had fell lame, and was left by a person at Storton, near Kimbolton: the other I have not found.

Q. How far is Storton from where you live?

Richards. It is about 14 or 15 miles.

Q. How far is Potton from you?

Richards. That is about 30 miles, and Smithfield is about 80.

Q. Is Potton in the road to Smithfield?

Weed. It is not. It may be about 7 miles out of the way on the left hand.

Prisoner's defence.

I bought them both going to Potton fair, between Biggleswade and Eaton, at a little town called Wymouth, as I was coming home from Huntingdonshire. I live in London, and have dealt in horses some time. The man I bought them of, came from Finden, in Northamptonshire, and his name was John Brown. I gave him 4 l. 16 s. for one, and 40 shillings for the other. Here is the receipt, (producing one signed John Brown.)

Q. to Weed. Did you see this receipt before?

Weed. He produced it before my Lord-Mayor.

Q. Had he any time to get this wrote between the time he was taken up, and going before my Lord-Mayor?

Weed. Yes, he lay in the Compter one night before he was before my Lord.

For the prisoner.

Mary Hunt . I have known the prisoner from a child. I have heard he did deal in horses, but I have not seen him these 12 months. I always thought him an extravagant young man; he has made away with a deal of money, but I never heard any thing of this sort of him before.

John Cooper . I have known him between 3 and 4 years. He is a very worthy honest man as ever I came in company with in my life. He was a blue-maker. I am a grocer, and have bought blue of him. I have heard he dealt in horses: he always had a fancy for horses. He used to buy horses in Smithfield, and sell and chop them. His stables were in Hockley in the Hole. I have been at them.

Thomas Nelson . The prisoner lodged at my house, in Poppin's-alley, Fleet-street, near 5 months last past. He made blue, and used to carry it into the country, and I believe he dealt in horses, and had stables towards Cold-bath-fields. He is a very honest, sober, regular man.

Charles James . I have known him about 12 months: he did lodge with me in Cloth-fair about 3 or 4 months: he followed blue making, and dealt some little trifle in horses. He has a very honest character.

Samuel Day . I have known him about 3 months. He took a stable of me on Clerkenwell-green for about 16 or 18 horses, but we had not come to a regular agreement, because the place wanted painting. He sent me to a grocer by Grosvenor-square, who said, he would be answerable to me for the rent. I don't know his name.

Prisoner. That grocer is Mr. Cooper.

Acquitted .

See him and his wife tried, No 367, 368, in Mr. Alderman Bridgen's mayoralty.

Robert Bryer.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-28
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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143. (L.) Robert Bryer was indicted for personating and assuming the name and character of William Slack , a mariner , that served on board his Majesty's ship the Greyhound, to whom were due wages, allowance, and prize-money , January 17 . ++

Robert Hoffman . I am clerk in the Navy-office. This is the pay-book of his Majesty's ship the Greyhound (producing it). Here is 2 l. 9 s. 6 d. due to William Slack , for his service as a marine, from the 19th of October 1762, to the 17th of March 1763. Here is also in this book the name Robert Bryer , his money, paid to himself on the 22d of April 1763. Slack was an invalid marine on board.

Robert Ratcliffe . I am one of the clerks to the treasurer of the Navy. The prisoner came to me on the 17th of January, and claimed the wages due to William Slack , which was not the real person; after which the books of the Greyhound

were called out at the door, and in consequence of that the prisoner came in that name, and said, he served on board the Greyhound in that name, and that he was an invalid marine on board.

William Smith . I keep a public house facing the office. I discount seamen's wages. The prisoner made me a power of attorney, to receive wages for him (producing it).

Q. What is his name?

Smith. His name is Robert Bryer . He made this power two years ago. On the 9th of May 1763, I received wages for him, due to him, 11 l. 19 s. 6 d. I have the receipt here, signed Robert Bryer , dated April 3, 1764. I saw him sign this receipt.

The power of attorney, and receipt both read in court.

Smith. This last time he denied Bryer to be his name, or that I ever had received any money for him, but at last he owned it, and delivered this ticket to me, and said, he was very sorry for what he had done, and that he was persuaded to do it by two or three people. Then he said, he had had a power of attorney made to him abroad by Slack, but the rats had eat it, and he was persuaded to come in that name, and they could not hurt him.

Q. to Ratcliffe. Where is that pay-book kept?

Ratcliffe. That came from the captain of the ship to the Ticket-office: they are directed by act of parliament to send pay-books, and by these books payments are made.

Prisoner's defence.

I came to Mr. Smith, thinking I was in an error, to shew this certificate to him. He took it, and went into the office with it, and came out again and said, I must come on the morrow, and I should get the money. I was advised by two men at the King's Arms, on Tower-hill, to do it. I said, I had a power, but that was destroyed: they said, if I had a certificate that would do as well.

Smith. The prisoner brought a sick ticket to me in the name of Slack. I did not then recollect him. I said, did I never receive money for you. He said, no, it was for a brother of mine. Then I recollected him: then I went into the office, and told the gentlemen there was a man coming on a bad thing; then I shewed this paper to Mr. Cooper.

Robert Cooper . I shewed the papers to Mr. Ratcliffe, which Mr. Smith delivered to me.

Ratcliffe. These are the papers Mr. Cooper shewed to me.

They are read.

One was a ticket in the name of William Slack , from the sick and wounded office.

Guilty . Death . Recommended.

James Comings.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-29

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144. (L.) James Comings was indicted for stealing 25 lb. weight of sugar, value 6 s . the property of our Sovereign Lord the King , February 17 . ++

Thomas Beldon . I am a cooper. On the 17th of this instant, I saw the prisoner come down stairs out of the warehouses belonging to the Crown, in Thames-street , joining to the Custom-house. I suspected him. I followed him. He seeing me follow him set a running. I ran after and stopped him. I took him to a house in Seething-lane, and delivered him into the hands of Mr. Goodson, one of the ward constables. He refused being searched, till the constable shewed his authority: then he said, he would take the sugar out of his pocket himself. Upon which he did, out of a large pair of trowsers; there was 25 pounds of it, I saw it weighed.

Q. What goods are there in the warehouses where he came down from?

Beldon. There are sugars. The next day he owned before the Alderman he took it out of a hogshead of sugar, and I observed a hogshead had the head beat in. The sugar was the property of his Majesty. There are no other goods there but what belong to him.

Stephen Goodson confirmed the account Mr. Beldon had given.

Prisoner's defence.

I met a man; he carried me into a house, and gave me this sugar to put into my pocket.

Guilty . T .

William Crawford.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-30

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145. (L.) William Crawford was indicted for stealing 27 lb. weight of sugar, value 7 s. the property of persons unknown, February 16 . ++

William Turner . I am a gangs man at Gally kay . I live in Barking-alley. I was standing at my door. The prisoner came up the alley with his pockets loaded. When he saw me he turned back, and went into Seething-lane. I followed him; he dodged me into a little alley. I went and laid hold of him. I charged him with having sugars about him: he said he had not. I knocked at a partner's door for assistance; by that he was got as far as Mark-lane. I went and got hold of him, and called a coachman to my assistance. I took him back to Seething-lane, and got a constable to search his pockets. I cut the

bottoms of his pockets out, and the sugar came out into a handkerchief: there were 27 pounds of it. He said, one Ashworth gave it him on board a ship. Whose sugar it is, I cannot tell: we have had our warehouses broke open several times.

Prisoner's defence.

One Ashworth said he would put a shilling into my pocket, if I would come and do a jobb. He gave me 12 pennyworth of halfpence, and delivered the sugar to me to carry it to Tower-hill; where he got it, I cannot say. I had no more notion of his stealing it, than the hour I will die.

Turner. He told me he had been on board a ship, and got it there.

For the prisoner.

Hannah Rawlins . I have lived with the prisoner 5 years. One Ashworth came as my husband (meaning the prisoner) was drinking tea as he lay in bed, and said, he was to go and fetch something, I do not know what, and gave him a shilling in halfpence, but he did not say where he was to go with it.

Guilty . T .

Eleanor Bales.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-31

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146. (M.) Eleanor Bales , otherwise Brown, otherwise Goff , spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen table cloth, value 4 s. and a napkin, value 1 s. the property of the Honourable Lady Isabella Finch , one pair of cotton stockings, the property of the Lady Charlotte Wentworth , one shirt the property of John Ainsworth , a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 8 s. a linen handkerchief, the property of Lydia Howley , spinster , one linen apron, value 1 s. and one pair of linen ruffles, value 1 s. the property of John Chapman , January 9 . ||

John Ainsworth . I am servant to Lady Isabella Finch. The prisoner lived with my Lady about three months and a week. We lost the things mentioned in the indictment at different times, but did not suspect her, but she staying out one night after we missed some things, we suspected her. She was kitchen maid . All the things were missing in the time she was there. The table cloth and napkin were Lady Isabella's, the cotton stockings were Lady Charlotte Wentworth 's. I lost five shirts, and found but one of them. Mary Chapman , wife of John Chapman , was cook: she lost an apron and a pair of ruffles. The buckles were Lydia Howley 's. The prisoner lay out about the 30th of January. The next day being Saturday she came; I asked her where she had been: she said, she expected she should go away, and was come for her things. I then asked her about the things missing; she much denied having taken any thing, and wished very bad wishes; but at last she owned she had taken them, and that they were at Mr. Stockdale's, a pawnbroker. I went with her there, she owned to nothing that was there but the silver buckles, and one apron; the pawnbroker refused shewing any thing, but what she asked for. I threatened to go to Sir John Fielding for a warrant to search his shop; at last they brought a pair of stockings, my shirt, and the napkin: then the prisoner owned she pawned them at different times, and mentioned the money she had upon them. We let her go, on her promising to come again on the Wednesday, to let us know where every thing was that she had taken away: she not coming, I went to Sir John Fielding for a warrant, and on the Saturday she was taken, and carried before him on the Monday; there she did not deny taking the things, but owned to nothing but what we had found: we lost many more things, but I never found any more than what I mentioned.

John Nash . I am servant to Mr. Stockdale, in Great Poultney-street: the prisoner pledged all the things mentioned in the indictment at our shop; the table-cloth the 9th of January, for 4 s. She said her name was Eleanor Brown , and that she lived in Long-ditch. (The goods produced and deposed to by Ainsworth, as the property of each person, as in the indictment.)

Ainsworth. This Nash is the person that would hardly give us an answer, and would not shew us the things, till I was forced to threaten to go to Sir John Fielding .

Court. It is hoped the Legislature will take this business into consideration, and make it more penal; there are dreadful consequences from having such shops as these all over this great city. There is hardly a thief comes here but a pawnbroker comes to give evidence.

Guilty . T .

There was another indictment against her.

Matthew Dun, Frank Egar, John Ash, William Hodson, Godfrey William Smith.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-32
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty; Not Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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147, 148, 149, 150, 151. (M.) Matthew Dun , Frank Egar , and John Ash , were indicted for stealing 200 weight of cochineal, value 150 l. the property of William Collins , and William Hodson , and Godfrey William Smith , for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , January 11 . ||

William Collins . I missed a barrel of cochineal on the 11th of last month, in the morning, from out of my ship, called the Friendship, lying at West-lane stairs Rotherhithe . I suspected Dun and Ash, they were lumpers on board; that is to assist in getting goods out: I had them taken

up and carried before Sir John Fielding , for want of proper proof they were at that time acquitted. After this there was some all-spice carried to Smith's house. I went to Justice Cox's at their examination, expecting something of this might transpire; there a person that draws beer at Godfry Smith 's, named Dyke, told me the cochineal was brought to his house by Egar and Ash, and told me the waterman was named Beck, that brought it on shore. I went and brought Beck before the Justice, and he declared the same, and swore against all the prisoners at the bar; I got a search-warrant, and searched Smith's house, this was I believe the 12th of January, but I found nothing. I have not seen my cochineal since.

Q. When had you seen it last?

Collins. It was seen every day by my mate and my men. It was marked upon the barrel J. R. I must be answerable for it to the owner.

Cross examination.

Q. How many gallons, suppose the barrel was liquid measure, would it hold?

Collins. It held upwards of forty gallons, it was larger than a cask of wine; it was worth about 14 s. and 6 d. a pound.

Q. When did you see it last?

Collins. I saw it about a week before it was lost.

Q. The prisoners did not confess any thing, did they?

Collins. They did, Dun, Egar, and Ash, confest it before the Justice, that they stole it, and that they were set on by bad people.

Q. What were their words as near as you can recollect?

Collins. They declared they brought it on shore, and sold it to Hodson, and he paid them 21 l. 5 s. for it. Egar said he carried it, Dun declared at the same time, he had not got all his dividend of Hodson yet.

Bartholomew Mead . I am mate of the Friendship. I saw the barrel of cochineal that evening, before it was taken away in the night: early the next morning I found the hatches unlaid, and the tackle hanging over the ship side. I immediately went down and missed the cochineal, which lay forward the night before between decks.

William Dyke . I am turned of 14 years of age. I lived with Mr. Smith, the prisoner; he keeps a public house, I drawed beer: Dun, Ash, and Egar, brought a cask of cochineal to our house.

Q. How do you know it was cochineal?

Dyke. Because I heard them talk of it, I saw the cask.

Q. Did you see it open?

Dyke. I did, and it was in a bag.

Q. to Collins. Was it in a bag in the barrel?

Collins. It was in one bag.

Q. to Dyke. What colour was it?

Dyke. It was like powder almost, it was blackish.

Collins. It is of a dark brown.

Dyke. They turned up the cask and shook the bag out, and I never saw it afterwards; I do not know what was done with it.

Q. What part of the house was this in?

Dyke. This was in the entry by the parlour.

Q. How long is it ago?

Dyke. It is about a couple of months ago.

Q. Was it before, or after Christmas?

Dyke. It was after Christmas?

Q. What time was it of the day or night?

Dyke. It was about one or two o'clock in the morning.

Q. Who were by at the time?

Dyke. There were Dun, Egar, Ash, my master Godfrey Smith , and Beck a waterman.

Q. Did you know the waterman before?

Dyke. I did, he had used our house in drinking beer.

Q. What became of the cask after the stuff was taken out?

Dyke. That was broke up, and burnt in our parlour.

Q. Who broke it?

Dyke. My master did.

Q. Was there fire in your parlour at that time of night?

Dyke. There was a little one.

Cross examination.

Q. Has your master a great many customers at different times come to your house?

Dyke. He has.

Q. Are there not stairs to the water?

Dyke. There are.

Q. Are not different goods landed there?

Dyke. Yes.

Q. How long have you lived with your master?

Dyke. I have lived with him 16 months.

Q. Have you and your master ever quarrelled?

Dyke. He has sometimes beat me.

Q. Did you ever threaten to be revenged of him?

Dyke. No, I never did.

Q. What was said to you before the Justice?

Dyke. They said they would hang me if I did not become an evidence against my master; that

was if I did not tell what I knew about the cochineal.

William Beck . I am a waterman, and ply at Wapping New stairs. About a month and a half ago, I don't know the particular night,) I was employed by Ash, Dun, and Egar, to go on board the ship belonging to Captain Collins, lying at West lane, by Rotherhithe. I have since known her to be the Friendship; I stood in my boat, and they hunted a vessel out of that ship into my boat. I rowed on shore at Mr. Smith's back door, and there landed it, and carried it into his house: then the stuff was taken out of the vessel, and conveyed away.

Q. Who took it out?

Beck. We did among us.

Q. What is Smith?

Beck. He keeps a public house, his back door comes to the shore.

Q. Did you see Smith at the time?

Beck. I did, he did not meddle with any thing; he was sitting by his fire in the kitchen, the vessel was rolled in just by the kitchen door; the back door was left open.

Q. What was in the cask?

Beck. They said it was cochineal.

Q. Which of them said so?

Beck. They all said so, one among another.

Q. Did you hear any money talked of?

Beck. They were to have 85 l. for it.

Q. How do you know that?

Beck. I was concerned in it, we were to have it among us; Hodson was to pay it, he was there, and it was conveyed out of the house by him: he went out of the house while I was sitting in the kitchen. We had a guinea each of us that night, Hodson paid it us.

Q. What is the sign Smith keeps?

Beck. It is the King's Arms. Some time after that, we four, Dun, Egar, Ash, and I, had 10 guineas each paid us by Hodson.

Q. What business is Hodson?

Beck. I don't know, he uses that house.

Q. How long after you conveyed the vessel there was it that you each received the 10 guineas?

Beck. I believe it was about three weeks after, I received mine in the same house, at the King's Arms; Egar received his 10 guineas at the same time, then he married my sister: the other two were then on board a ship, but I heard them say they received theirs also; and last Saturday night I received 8 guineas more of Hodson, that was the last dividend.

Q. to Collins. When were the prisoners taken up?

Collins. They were taken up last Sunday morning. Beck, Dun, and Egar, received their eight guineas each; but Ash has not received his.

Q. Did Smith act any part in it?

Beck. He brought us liquor, and was about in the house; I don't know that he had any concern in it.

Q. to Dyke. Did you see Hodson in the house that night.

Dyke. Hodson was there; he went home with the bag.

Q. to Beck. What was done with the vessel?

Beck. That was burnt in the parlour fire, because it should not be found out.

Dun's Defence.

On Sunday morning I went to look for work on board this ship; the mate employ'd Ash and me, and worked sometimes half a day, and we were taken up on the Monday morning following, we were examined and cleared; I know no more of the thing than the child unborn.

Egar's defence.

I know nothing about it; I should not know the ship was I to see her.

Ash's defence.

I know nothing of the matter.

Hodson's defence.

I can't help it if they have a mind to swear against an innocent man; I know nothing of it: I did keep a coal-shed, and used to deal in stockings.

Smith's defence.

I know nothing at all of the story that has been told; if such a thing came in, it was without my knowledge; it is a common landing place; there are a great many vessels come broken from on board, and lying about the yard; we sometimes throw them into the fire, many things are brought on shore to my house.

For Hodson and Smith.

David Roberts . I am a king's officer, I belong to the Excise; I have been acquainted with Smith between four and five years, I survey his house, and am often there; he has a very fair character; I have inspected all parts of his house, I never found any such things; he keeps a reputable house. I know Hodson by his being there, he keeps a sort of a coal-shed, and deals in stockings. I know nothing of his character.

Jos. Towlson. I know Smith, he has an exceeding good character. I have been acquainted with Hodson two or three years; I never heard

any thing bad of him, but that of a good character. I have a particular reason for knowing Smith's character; I was once inclined to take him into partnership, and I inquired his character, and found it an exceeding good one.

Diederick Peckerson . I have known Smith 17 years: he always bore a very honest character.

John Hill. I am a cooper in Shadwell; I have known Smith 4 or 5 years: he is a very honest man.

John Dolby , who had known Smith 14 or 15 years, George Shadow 9, Thomas Freck 10, Nicholas Adams 23, William Lincoln 8 or 9, Edward Williams 2 or 3, George Waltishbank 7, and Thomas Pike several years, gave him a good character.

Alexander Mackintosh , who had known Hodson 12 months, and Thomas Cooper 7 years, gave him a good character.

Dunn, Egar, and Ash, Guilty . T .

Hodson Guilty T. 14 .

Smith Acquitted . He was detained on another affair.

Robert Willson, William Austin.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-33
VerdictNot Guilty

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152, 153, 154. (M.) Robert Willson and William Austin were indicted, together with Henry Austin , sick in Bridewell, for stealing a wooden drawer, value 12 d. a 5 s. and 3 d. piece, and 40 shillings in money numbered, the property of John Atkinson , in the dwelling-house of the said John , Jan. 22 .

The only evidence was Thomas Abbott , but 12 years of age, and the prisoners, one 8 years old, the other 11. Without going into the evidence they were Acquitted .

Hugh Dixon.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-34
VerdictNot Guilty

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155. (M.) Hugh Dixon was indicted for feloniously forging and publishing an order for the payment of money, with the names Dixon and Mee subscribed to it, for the payment of 26 l. 19 s. to Cleve or bearer, with intent to defraud Mess. Fuller and Cope , May 26, 1765 . *

George Fawell . I am clerk to Mess. Fuller and Cope. This draft was produced to me for payment by James Parkinton on the 21st of November last (producing it.) I knew, upon seeing it, it had been paid many years ago: the proper date was scratched out with a knife: it was originally dated in 1754, but now it is the 4th of May 1765. It was canceled by making a cross upon it. We never file them, but settle our accounts once a month. Mr. Honeywood died in the year 1763, and this was drawn upon Honey-wood and Fuller. The house has since been altered to Fuller and Cope. We secured Parkinton, then we traced out Simonds: it appeared Parkinton was innocent, and he was discharged, and the prisoner Dixon was apprehended by Simonds that night: he did not deny it, but said he had it of Lesley.

James Parkinton . I went the 21st of November with a draft upon Mr. Fuller. This is it (taking it his hand). I was sent by Mr. Simonds with it to receive cash for it.

Thomas Simonds . I live in Monmouth-street. I received this draft of James Lesley : he came to my house, and bought some cloaths of me, and produced this draft. I said I would send it to the banker, and if it was a good one, I would take it. I sent my man with it to Mess. Honey-wood and Fuller. Lesley staid at a public house, My man staying, I went to see for him, and found the draft was a bad one, and he was gone to the Compter; then I secured Mr. Lesley, and before Sir John Fielding he said he had it of Dixon the prisoner.

James Lesley . I live in Bambridge-street, St. Giles's. I am a shoemaker (he takes the draft in his hand). I had this of the prisoner. He told me he received this of one Sylvester, a marine officer, his brother-in-law, and desired me to get him change for it; he said it certainly was good. I carried it to Mr. Simonds's, and bargained for a suit of cloaths, and said, if he could not change that banker's draft, I could not deal with him. We bargained. I gave it him, and desired he would give me change for it. He said, go into a public house, and get a pint of beer, and you shall have your money in half an hour. He sent, and found the thing bad; then he took me before a Justice of the peace.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Lesley. He is a working cabinet maker.

John Sylvester . Dixon the prisoner married my sister (he takes the draft in his hand). I had it of Mr. Samuel Platt , belonging to the Royal Americans. It was canceled with a cross upon it. I went to Dixon's house. This was about eight months ago. I laid it down upon the table, and told him his friend Mr. Platt had found it. I never imagined it would have come to this. I received no value for it. I knew it was of no value. I told him it was canceled.

Q. Where is Platt?

Sylvester. He is gone to Oporto.

Q. to Lesley. Do you know Dixon's hand writing?

Lesley. I do. He can hardly write at all.

Q. Have you seen Sylvester write?

Lesley. I have seen his writing, I never saw him write.

The note read to this purport:

To Mess. Honeywood, Fuller and Co. May 4, 1765. Pay to Mr. Cleve or bearer 26 l. 19 s.

Dixon and Mee.

Prisoner's Defence.

Mr. Sylvester gave it me in the same condition it is now, and I gave it to Mr. Lesley. Sylvester gave it me for no value.

Acquitted .

William Wyatt.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-35
VerdictNot Guilty

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156. (M.) William Wyatt , otherwise Wyett , was indicted, for that he, on the 28th of November , in the day time, the dwelling-house of William Foster , did break and enter, no person being therein, and stealing one silver table spoon, value 8 s. four silver tea spoons, value 8 s. a pair of silver shoe buckles, a silver stock buckle, four gold rings, a diamond ring set in gold, an iron pencil case, a 3 l. 12 s. piece, and 23 guineas , the property of the said William Foster . *

William Foster . I live at Hayes . The prisoner lives at Southall, about 3 miles distant from me. I left my house about 6 in the morning on the 28th of November, and my wife in it. She came to me about half an hour after 6 to my master's, where I work. I returned home about 8. I unlocked my door, and went in and found my back door a little way open. I went out and found my back window broke open, which we left key'd with an iron key in the inside: then I went and found my chamber door open; the lock was broke, and my chest of drawers broke open. I missed 30 l. in money. There was a 3 l. 12 s. 23 guineas, and the rest in half crowns, money I had been saving all my life time almost; it was in a purse, wrapped up in a rag: the rag was found in the room. I lost a pair of silver shoe buckles, a table spoon, and four tea spoons. The spoons and buckles were found buried in a common field about two shots length from the prisoner's house, but a little way in the ground. I lost a steel pencil case, which I had cleaned a little before with brick dust and leather, which was found in the prisoner's drawers with brick dust in it (produced in court). I can swear this is my property; it was in my chest among my other things.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Foster. He works upon the road. I never found any thing else. The prisoner denied it, when charged with doing it.

Robert Hare . I live at Brentford with Mr. Drinkwater, a grocer. The prisoner came into our shop the 5th of January for two pounds of sugar, and wanted change for a 36 s. piece: I gave him change for a 36 s. piece: he took it and went away. I took the piece up when he was gone, and found it to be a 3 l. 12 s. I had other customers to serve. When I had done with them I went to look for the prisoner, but he was gone. I informed Mr. Drinkwater of it: he bid me let him know when the person came again. The prisoner came the Thursday following for a quarter of a pound of tea for a man in the neighbourhood. Saying I knew what tea that man always had, I weighed a quarter of a pound: the prisoner threw down half a crown, the price of it: he took the tea, and went out of the shop; then I went and told Mr. Drinkwater, and he had him called back. What questions he asked him, he will tell the court.

Mr. Drinkwater. When the prisoner came the second time, I had him called back, and asked him whether he had not been at my shop before; he said he could not tell whether he was or not. I said there was a parcel left at my house, and I thought it was his; then he said he was at my house, and had two pounds of sugar, and change for a 36 s. piece: I told him that was a bad 36 s. piece; he appeared a good deal confused, and said, the next time he came he would change it. I asked him where he took it, he told me he knew very well, but I could not get out of him the person's name: after that he told me he went to a linen draper's shop in London to buy his wife a gown, and a man came in and asked the gentleman of the shop to change a 36 s. piece: the gentleman said he could not, and that he said he had so much money in his pocket, and he gave him a guinea, and the rest in silver, and took the piece. When he had taken it, he went out; I sent after him to let him know I would shew him the very piece: he sent word he would return immediately; he turned round. Seeing the boy watching him, he turned back and went to Mr. Cook's. In the afternoon, about 4 or 5, he came to my house; this, I believe, was on the 10th of January, he had then changed his dress: I then shewed him the 3 l. 12 s. and said, I should not deliver it to him till my apprentice was there, to assure me as well as my man, that he was the very person that brought it. Upon this he said, he was very much obliged to me, and went about his business: he came again, then my boy was in the shop; he assured me he was the person, then I delivered it to him, and he gave me 36 s. then I told him my reason for asking him these questions

was to be sure that he was the right person that brought it.

John Noaks . I saw the prisoner before Sir John Fielding , he was charged with this offence, he said the money was his own; on the last examination he said he had found ten pounds in a garret in a rag.

Q. Did he say what garret?

Noaks. No, he did not; coming up from Southall he said he got the money by hard labour.

Thomas Clarke . When the prisoner was committed to the Gatehouse, I was ordered by Sir John Fielding that no person should have any conversation with him in private; two days afterwards I found out this letter by a Stratagem (producing one) it was carried before Sir John, and read out to the prisoner, there he acknowledged he did dictate it, and it was wrote by his direction. by one Cavenaugh.

It was read to this purport, directed to Mr. Robert Croft , Silver-street, Golden-Square.

'Send word to my wife that they are going to

'take her up, and she must swear we have been

'married these 6 years, if any one ask you about

'the watch ~, tell them I had it these four years

'and upwards; bring all the friends you can;

'don't be afraid you are my wife, for if you

'don't it is all over with me. I desire you not

'to let any one know I wrote to you.'

~ Mr. Julian, a watchmaker, was in court, and gave an account of a watch the prisoner bought lately of his father, who was ill and could not attend, but not being by at the time, it was only hearsay, and not evidence.

Acquitted .

Prisoner's defence.

I took the 36 s. piece in Russell-Court.

William Barlow.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-36

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157. (M.) William Barlow was indicted for that he, on the King's highway, on William Wood did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person a gold watch, value 8 l. and 12 s. in money, numbered , his property, December 24 . +

William Wood . I live in Chancery-lane. On the 24th of December, about two in the morning, I and my wife were in a post-chaise a little beyond Lord Holland's, near Kensington-turnpike ; my wife jogged me, and said she believed there was a thief a coming, I looked out and saw a pistol very bright, and in a moment another man came up, saying, Your money, your money, your money, or I'll shoot you dead; said the other to him, Why don't you open the door you rascal, I'll shoot you if you do not; upon which the man opened the door to my wife, and said, Your money, your money; I said, I have but little, and gave him twelve shillings; he said, You have more, and I must have more; then he said to the other, why do you not get into the chaise? then I was a little surprised, and said, I have no more money, but here is something worth your acceptance, and gave him my watch (a gold one.)

John Adams . I am one of Mr. Fielding's men. This watch I fetch'd from Kensington (producing a gold watch and chain, without the outside case.)

Prosecutor. This is the watch they took from me that night.

Adams. I had it from the quarter-master belonging to Elliott's light horse; he told me he had it out of White's helmet. (He is a light horseman, so is the prisoner.)

Q. Where is the quarter-master?

Adams. He is not here.

Prosecutor. I heard the prisoner before Justice Fielding, declare the manner how he robbed me.

Q. What was said to induce him to make that discovery?

Prosecutor. Upon hearing a number of light horsemen being taken up, I went to Sir John Fielding 's; before I had been there half an hour my watch was brought in as it is here produced, without the outside case; then the prisoner told Sir John that he had robbed me of it, and that he took twelve shillings, he thought twelve and six-pence, from me; he did not ask my wife for any thing; I know he was sore frighted when he robbed me, I never saw a man so frighted since I was born; I heard nothing said to him to induce him to confess, either to terrify or encourage him.

Geo White . I am one of Elliott's light-horse. The prisoner and I do not both belong to one troop, I never was but once with him in my life, on such an account, but only when we robbed the prosecutor upon Christmas-eve about two in the Morning, a little beyond Kensington turnpi ke; we were on foot, we went out on purpose to see if we could find any body, we met this gentleman and a woman in a post-chaise, we both ran up to them. I stood by the horses, and he robbed him of a gold watch and twelve and sixpence.

Q. Did you go out in your soldiers cloaths?

White. No; he had a serjeant's blue coat which I put on, and he got a Major's servant's

brown coat, and a narrow gold laced hat. The money we divided, and I had the watch in order to dispose of it.

Mr. Marsden. I remember when the prisoner was charged before Sir John Fielding ; he of his own accord discovered the manner of the robbery, and mentioned 6 d. more than the prosecutor apprehended he had lost. I remember the witness White said, the watch was in his helmet, where I understood it was found: he made his confession voluntary and free. This was the 31st of January.

Prisoner's defence.

White was taken up on Christmas-day, and carried before Sir John Fielding : he took his oath that he was on century from 1 to 3, and never saw a man go up nor down. I never did any ill in this world. He swore Broughton, another light-horse-man, got up and stood century while he and I robbed that gentleman. Broughton is now in prison.

Guilty . Death .

John Jewster.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-37

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158. (L.) John Jewster was indicted for personating Joseph Melling , the proprietor of 500 l. share of certain annuities, transferrable at the Bank of England, with intent to transfer one hundred pounds of the same, as if he was the owner thereof , November 8, 1765 . +

William Edwards . I am one of the Bank clerks. I have the bank books of consolidated 3 per cent, annuities (producing them).

He turns to a place and reads.

Joseph Melling , 500 l. Interest, 7 l. 10 s.

Q. Was he possessed of it on the 8th of November 1765?

Edwards. He was, and is at present possessed of it. These are the public books at the Bank: the alphabet, the ledger, and the dividend book. This is the dividend book that I read out of: in the alphabet it is Joseph Melling , St. James's, Clerkenwell, merchant; in the ledger it is the same.

Richard Trobridge . The prisoner employed me to sell an hundred pounds of 3 per cent. annuities on the 8th of November 1765. This was in the gateway in the Bank of England. I was talking to a gentlewoman. The prisoner asked me what the price of stocks was. I asked him what stocks; he said, consolidated 3 per cent. I told him the price was 91 5/8 a 2 3/4 per cent. he told he wanted to sell one hundred pounds. I was going to take that gentlewoman's direction that I was to sell for her, and if he would go along with me I would take his directions that he proposed to sell. We went all three together into the 3 per cent. reduce room. As soon as I had taken the gentlewoman's, I took his for an hundred pounds: the use of taking the direction is, to explain the stock, the name they have, the trade, and the place of abode, and the sum they intend to sell out. When that is done, it is delivered into the ticket books and alphabetical books.

Q. Look at this paper (he takes it into his hand).

Trobridge. This is the description I took from the prisoner's own mouth, and I gave it to Mr. Richard Plumpton , a cheesemonger, in Clare-market. It is, Joseph Melling , of Northampton-street, Gent. 100 l. consolidated 3 per cent. That is my own hand writing. I took it from the prisoner at the bar, and after I sold the stock to Mr. Plumpton, I delivered it to him, and desired him to put in the ticket, and fill up the receipt. Mr. Plumpton filled up the receipt, and went to the prisoner, and desired him to sign the receipt.

Q. Look at this paper (he takes it in his hand).

Trobridge. Here are the words Joseph Melling , that I saw the prisoner sign. There was no transfer made, because it did not answer to the name in the books. After I had seen the prisoner sign it, I went away, and when I came up again, I found an obstacle arose between the prisoner and the clerk, I think it was Mr. Edwards. I asked the reason why the transfer would not pass. I was told there was no such account, or to that purpose. I went away again, and when I returned the prisoner was gone. The difficulty arose in spelling the name, and Gent. instead of brandy merchant.

*** The Last Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-37

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's COMMISSIONS of the PEACE, OYER and TERMINER, and GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 19th, Thursday the 20th, Friday the 21st, Saturday the 22d, and Monday the 24th of FEBRUARY, 1766.

In the Sixth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Third SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of THE RIGHT HONOURABLE GEORGE NELSON , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed for J. WILKIE, at the Bible, in St. Paul's Church-Yard.

[Price Six-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Continuation of the Trial of John Jewster

Q. DID you know Mr. Melling?

Trobridge. I don't remember ever seeing him in my life, though I lived very near him. The Monday following I went to Northampton-street to enquire after Joseph Melling , and found there was such a person near the Cheshire Cheese. This was the Monday after the 8th of November. After I had talked with him, and described the prisoner, I went to the Bank, and told the gentlemen what I had discovered. Mr. Melling told me who he thought it must be. Then Mr. Helstone, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Plumpton, Mr. Edwards, and I, there were six of us in all, went to see for the prisoner, and met with him at the Blind Beggar, on Bethnal-green. I think this was on the 13th of November: he was coming out of the back part of the house with a pipe in his mouth. I asked him how he could use us so ungenteel: he said; in what. I said, in withdrawing yourself, and not paying me my commission. His answer was, there was nothing done. I said, that was his fault and not ours. Then he asked me what the difference was. I said, almost every body knew my commission was half a crown, and as to Mr. Plumpton, he had sold out stock to pay me, (Mr. Plumpton had informed me he had sold outan hundred pounds stock to pay me) and the market went against him. I told the prisoner we could not settle it till we went to the Bank, and we would settle it by that day's market price. He agreed so to do, and came along with us. When we came to the Bank, Mr. Edwards charged an officer at the Bank with him.

Q. Did he dictate the name Joseph Melling to you?

Trobridge. He did. He spelt it to me. Always when a stranger comes, I desire him to spell his name, for by the alteration of a letter, a deal of confusion ensues. He told me to spell it as I wrote it Malling.

Q. What countryman is he?

Trobridge. I do not know.

It is read.

Joseph Malling , Northampton-street, Gent. 100 l. consolidated 3 per cent.

The receipt read.

Consolidated 3 per cent. annuities. Received of Mr. Richard Plumpton 91 l. 12 s. 6 d. &c.

Witness Joseph Malling .

Richard Plumpton . I applied to Mr. Trobridge on the 8th of November last, to buy me an hundred pounds 3 per cent. annuities. He came into the market, and offered to sell a hundred pounds consol. 3 percent. After asking him the price of the day, he at length told me I should have it, and gave me this ticket.

Q. Was this in the presence of the prisoner?

Plumpton. No, it was not. I saw him soon after. Mr. Trobridge said, write your name upon it to have the transfer for it. I wrote my name upon it, and put it forward to the letters M. to R. and Mr. Edwards the Bank clerk wrote that letter. Mr. Trobridge desired me to fill up a receipt, which I did (he looks at a paper). This is it.

Q. Did you see him sign it?

Plumpton. No, I did not. There was no transfer made. The prisoner and I went in order to make it, and the Bank clerk said there was no such account.

Q. What did the prisoner say to that?

Plumpton. He said there was stock there, or he knew there was stock there, or words to that effect. Mr. Edwards said, he must be wrong, there

was no such description. The prisoner repeatedly said, he was not mistaken, he was sure there was stock there, and Mr. Edwards was mistaken. Upon its not being found, Mr. Trobridge had the receipt, but Mr. Edwards gave me the receipt that I had wrote my name on. I said to the prisoner, it was very strange he should come there to sell stock, and not know how to find it. He said, he knew there was stock there, but he wanted the ticket again. He said, give me the ticket again, and I'll call upon you. I said, I will give you no ticket; I have to do with your broker. Then he said, well then, I'll go with you to the broker. I prepared to go down with him, and in turning round to speak to somebody or other, the prisoner dropped me, and I could see no more of him. I concluded he was gone to the reduce. I went and called for the name Malling. I found the broker, but he was gone.

Q. Have you seen Joseph Melling since?

Plumpton. I have. On the Tuesday following I went with others to Bethnal green. We did not meet with the prisoner. We went six of us the next morning to his lodgings, and found he was just gone out. We were directed to the Blind Beggar. Mr. Trobridge and I went there, and found him coming from the back part of the house. Mr. Trobridge told him it was very unhandsome of him to go away, after he had employed him to sell an hundred pound stock, and said, if every body was to serve him so he should starve. I said, with respect to myself, I sold out stock, and it is a loss to me, which I cannot at present ascertain, therefore I am come to know if you are willing to pay me the difference. He said there was nothing done, and asked what was the difference; he said he was not against paying that: he offered to pay Mr. Trobridge half a crown. We proposed to have it settled at the Bank, which he agreed to; then we adjourned to the Bank clerks, and came all together to the Bank; he said nothing at all tending to shew he was not the man.

Joseph Melling . I have known the prisoner at the bar 5 or 6 years, or better.

Q. What countryman is he, for some found the letter was others do a?

Melling. I do not know. His father was a tenant of mine at Islington: he has been to sea: his father died, and left him 600 l. in the Reduced. He was with me once when a broker bought me 400 l. in the Consols, that is 5 years ago. The broker spent the evening with me. I was possessed of 500 l. on the 8th of last November in the Consols, of 3 per cent. I never knew before but that he was a very honest man.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence, but called Thomas Pigg , who keeps the Horse-shoe in Shoreditch, Mr. Booker, Mr. Griffie, Mr. Winter, Mr. Richard Butler , Thomas Cooper , Moses Rance , William Humbleby , and Mr. Smith, who gave him a good character.

Guilty . Death .

Mary Rogers.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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159. (L.) Mary Rogers , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver pint mug, value 4 l. the property of Adam Cane , in the dwelling-house of the said Adam , Feb. 6 . ||

Adam Cane . I keep the Anchor and Crown, a public house , in the Fleet-market . I went to bed about a quarter after 10 at night, on the 6th of February. I hearing a noise, got up and went down: the woman at the bar was brought in, and charged with stealing a pint silver mug. The next witness can give a farther account.

Thomas Begee . I live with Mr. Cane. The prisoner and another woman, named Allen, were at our house last Thursday night between 11 and 12 at night, and had a pint of purl. I drawed it in a silver pint mug, as all our pots were out: the other woman delivered the mug to the prisoner; I heard her say, I'll take care of it: she bid the other woman go out, and while my back was turned, I missed the mug and prisoner. I went and asked my young mistress in the bar, if she had received the silver mug, she said, no. I opened the door, and there was the prisoner standing over the way. I asked her for the mug; she slapped my face. I laid hold of her; the mug was under her apron. I ran back and called some people that were in the house: she went one way and we another; then I went in about my business, and they went after her.

Thomas Gascoyne . I was in Mr. Cane's house. I went out to look for the prisoner to several places, but could not find her. Coming back, Mrs. Cane had found her: they were coming down the market: I went and saw the mug lying upon a dung-hill across the way, about 30 yards from Mrs. Cane's house.

Mary Allen . The prisoner's husband had turned her out of the house. I live in the same house. She called me down, and desired me to get her husband to let her in; then she wanted me to go and drink part of a pint of purl. The lad brought it in a silver mug. I went away, and did not see it afterwards.

Prisoner's defence.

I am innocent of the affair. I never struck the boy in the street.

Acquitted .

Castle Seaysbrook.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-39
VerdictNot Guilty

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160. (L.) Castle Seaysbrook was indicted for stealing a leaden cistern, value 10 s. and a copper bason, value 12 d. the property of Sarah Nunes , December 27 . ||

Sarah Nunes . I live in Broad-street-buildings . I lost a leaden cistern and copper bason out of my yard in December last (produced in court and deposed to.)

William Cokayne . The prisoner was brought to me in the watch-house, on the 27th of December, about 5 in the morning, for stealing this cistern and bason. I attended Justice Girdler with him; there he confessed he, in company with Joseph Munt and Thomas Waters , not taken, got over the rails of a burying ground out of Old Bedlam, and over a wall, and handed these things to him. The Justice told him if the others were taken, he might, in all probability, be admitted evidence, and he made his confession on that footing.

John Reader . I took the prisoner on Saffron-hill, between 4 and 5 in the morning: he had the bason, and another man had the cistern. When I took hold of the prisoner, the other dropped the cistern and ran away.

Acquitted .

John Scandon.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-40

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161. (L.) John Scandon was indicted for stealing a silver watch and silver chain, value 40 s. a stone seal set in silver, and a brass seal , the property of James Stent , Jan. 23 . ||

James Stent . I live in Radcliff highway. On the 22d of January I was invited to an entertainment in Holborn. I got a little merry. When I came beyond the ruins at the fire in Cornhill, there a woman met me, and said, Sir, it is a very cold night, extend your charity, and give me a pennyworth of purl; I said, I would if any house was open. When we came to the Cape Coast Castle, facing Billiter-lane, Leadenhall-street, I called for a pint of purl: while it was heating, she said, pray be kind enough to have a pennyworth of gin put into it. I ordered it. She went out and came in in about a minute. I drank to her: she took a hearty draught; I said, drink it up, I'll have no more. I had my change out of my six-pence: she said, will not you give me the change. We walked together as far as Cree-church, then I said, you are only spending your time in vain, I shall be no farther concerned with you: she asked me to go into some private place with her; I would not. Then she said, you are no man: she clapped her hand to my breeches, and took my watch out, and gave it to the prisoner, who stood close by me, whom I had never seen before. This was done in the twinkling of an eye. I said to the woman, d - n you, you b - h, where is my watch: said she, I know nothing of it, and fell down before me on purpose. I fell over her, and was all over dirt and mire. The prisoner ran. I got up and saw a watchman; I said, he has got my watch. The watchman pursued. My hat and wig fell off, and my stick fell out of my hand. A gentleman coming by, hearing me call, stop thief, followed the prisoner, and took him. He was searched in the watch-house, but nothing found upon him. The gentleman said, the prisoner fell down by Aldgate pump. The constable sent two watchmen, who came back with the watch, and said they found it on the very spt (produced and deposed to).

Thomas Hilliard . I was going along Leaden-hall-street, near Cree-church-lane . I saw the prosecutor talking to a woman. I saw the prisoner coming Whitechapel way. Just as he got to them, I heard the prosecutor say, d - n you, you b - h, you have got my watch, you shall not go till I have it. He called watch. The prisoner ran through an alley, and I after him: when he got into Fenchurch-street, he turned towards Aldgate: he crossed to the pump that stands between the streets; he fell down at the front of the pump: then I said, I have got you, and laid hold of his two arms, and brought him to the watch-house. The constable sent two watchmen, as I directed to the pump, who returned with the watch. The prosecutor described the watch before he saw it.

Edward Smith . I was sent with William Wood , a brother watchman, to look for the watch, and found it in the place the gentleman had mentioned.

Prisoner's defence.

I was coming down Leadenhall-street, and two women with me. This man called, stop thief. Some ran before me, and I ran and fell down: they took and searched me, but I had nothing upon me.

Guilty . T .

John Martin.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-41
VerdictNot Guilty

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162. (L.) John Martin was indicted for stealing 14 wooden frames glazed, and 13 prints, value 20 s. the property of Francis Gillyatt , February 1 . +

Francis Gillyatt . I keep a public house in Butcherhall-lane . On the 1st of February, about half

an hour after 5 in the evening, the prisoner was brought into my house by Richard Thame : he told me he had seen him in my back room. I went into the room, and there found 14 pictures, which just before were hanging up in their places in the room, lying on the table, packed up ready to be taken away. The prisoner said two boys put him into the room, that they would have beat him, and he got in to screen himself: after that he said his hat was thrown in, and he got in for it. The room had been washed, and the sash was put a little way up, so that he could get his hands under it, and sling it up: it was quite up when I went to see what was missing in the room.

Ric hard Thame. About half an hour after 5, on the first of this month, I was going to see what o'clock it was; I saw a lad standing opposite to the prosecutor's window. I went to the window, and saw the prisoner walking backwards and forwards in the room: he came up to the window to me and said, what do you please to have sir. I went about four yards farther to call my fellow apprentice. The prisoner jumped out at the window, and ran up the lane. I pursued and took him about 20 yards from the place: he told the prosecutor some boys were going to lick him, so he got in there.

Anne Packer . I was the last of the family that was in that room. I had been cleaning it, and left the sash a little way up. The pictures were all hanging in their places round the room when I left it.

Acquitted .

Francis Redmond, Elizabeth Webber.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-42
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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163, 164. (M.) Francis Redmond and Elizabeth Webber , otherwise Redmond , were indicted, the first for that he, in his own dwelling-house, did make an assault on Matthew Carr , putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person three half guineas, the money of the said Matthew; it was laid also to be done in the dwelling-house of Elizabeth Webber ; and the other for being present, enticing, procuring, and abetting the said Francis, to do and commit the same in her dwelling-house , Jan. 7 . ++

Matthew Carr . I am a grocer , and live by Wapping-wall, by King James's stairs. On the 7th of January last, I was out on business in the morning; coming home at near 11 o'clock by the woman's window, in the bottom of Spring-street, Shadwell , about an hundred yards from my house, she tapped at the window. I went to the fore door; she asked me if I would walk in. I did: she desired me to go to the fire side, I did. She said her husband (the other prisoner) was gone to Blackwall to work (he is a ballast heaver ). and would not be at home till 11 at night, and desired me to go up stairs with her: she said, she had been at my shop that morning for two ounces of sugar, to ask me to come home to he with her. I went up stairs with her: she shut the outward door; it has a spring lock, and I saw the key hanging on the inside the door. I found the bed was made, and a blind hanging before the window: she said, now if I would go to bed for an hour, she would go to bed with me. I said, could not: she said, I had better pull off my cloaths. I said, I had not time, and could not stay to do that; then she consented to lie down, which she did, and pulled up her cloaths. I was going to - The door opened directly, there I saw the man at the bar: he pretended to be her husband: he locked the door, and directly seized me by the throat. I said, dear Sir, I have not done any thing. He said, I'll make you quiet enough, and took a penknife out, and said, You villain, if you offer to move, I'll rip you up, and kick your guts into the street, unless you will give me a bond of 200 l. I said, I had no such money. Said he, You villain, you blasted rogue, how came you here. I said, that woman enticed me here: she said, O my dear, I'll do so no more. O, you thief, said he, I'll do for you: strip off your cloaths, strip, strip. I begged for mercy, and hoped he would forgive me, and what I had in the world I would give him. Then he said, give me a bond of 100 l. that I said I could not do, and begged on my knees for mercy, and said I would give him all I had in the world, and begged he would abate his passion; then he made an attempt to loose his garter, and threatened to tie me. He took me by the collar, and threw me on the bed. His foot touched the leg of the bed; he tumbled; I got up from under him, and ran to the other side of the room, and begged and said, I would do any thing in the world, if he would let me go: then he said, You villain, you blasted dog, give me a bond for 50 l. I said I could not do that, but I would give him a note for 20 l. He said, 20 l. you blasted rogue, give me your cloaths: then he made an attempt to go to the door, he had the knife in his hand all the time. I begged he would let me have my liberty: he said, You villain, what have you in your pocket. I said, I have got some gold, and some silver, and halfpence, and my watch. Said he, let me see, you thief, you tell me a lye. I said, I have three half guineas in gold, and took

it out; then he said, D - n you, you villain, give it me. I gave it him and some shillings. I asked him if he would have my watch: he said, he would not, but I should give him a note for 20 guineas: he locked the door and went down stairs, and fetched some paper up. The woman at the bar sat on the bed all the time. He came up again, and said, now write me a note. I said, I am in such a trembling, it is impossible for me to write it; if you'll write, I'll sign it. He wrote the body of the note, payable to himself or order. I begged he would not pay the note away, and I would get him the money as soon as I could. He said, You villain, you shall give it me to-morrow: he said, you shall swear before you go out. He gave me a book, and said, you must swear never to come here again: said I, that I shall do. The woman bid me kiss the book; I asked for what, he said never to have dealings here again; after that I was permitted to go down stairs. When I was at the fore door, I perceived the key hanging where I had seen it before. He opened the door, and let me out, and I went home. On the Saturday morning he came into my shop as soon as I took the shutters down; he delivered this letter into my hand: the purport of it is,


"I expect the favour of your company at my

"house to night, at 3 o'clock precisely. I must

"move the affair again, which you are no stranger

"to, &c."

On the Saturday I went to the Justice, and got a warrant, and on the Monday we took the prisoner before the Justice, and as I was coming back, I was arrested upon this note. The prisoner was committed for robbing me of my money.

Anne Hopkins the elder. I live next door to the prisoner. On the 7th of January, about 11 in the day, I heard a surprising noise as I sat in my house. Upon sending my daughter up stairs, she came down and said, she thought the prisoner had found somebody in bed with his wife. I went up stairs, and heard a voice crying bitterly for mercy, and that the prisoner would asswage his passion. I heard the prisoner say, you blasted rogue, I'll punish you another way, I heard the other say, he would satisfy him even to all he had in the world. I heard the prisoner say, how came you there: the other said, his supposed wife had decoyed him there. The partition is very slight between us, and we can hear all that passes, if they speak any thing loud.

She gave an account of hearing almost all the words the prosecutor had mentioned.

Anne Hopkins the younger confirmed the evidence given by her mother, being with her in giving attention to what passed in the prisoner's apartment.

Elizabeth Swinney . The woman at the bar's maiden name was Elizabeth Street , I saw her married to William Webber at Portsmouth August the 2d was twelve months, and I dined with them that day: here is a certificate of their marriage; I examined it with the church book, it is word for word right (producing it.) I saw that Webber last Wednesday morning.

The mother and daughter said they heard and saw the two prisoners go out in about half an hour after the prosecutor, as loving as ever they saw them in their lives.

Redmond's defence.

I was at work that morning, I had no notion of any such thing; I always labour hard for my bread, I came back and catched that man in bed with my wife, in a manner I shall not express now. I stepped back, and threatened him to be sure, but I was first going to tie them together, to turn them out of the door, he catched hold of the door as I was going out, and fell down on his knees, and begged for God's sake not to expose him, and he would give me all he had; he begged for God's sake for me to take the money out of his hand.

Webber's defence.

I was married to Mr. Webber at Portsmouth; after that he brought me to London, then I heard he had another wife; I found her out and told her; she said she was very sorry for it; I quitted him, thinking I should be counted an adulteress. Soon after that he came after me, and insisted upon my living with him; we came to an agreement, and he drawed up a writing never to come after me. I used Mr. Carr's shop ever since Michaelmas last; every time I went there he was enticing me. and made very great offers, and said, if ever I wanted money he would assist me. I told him I wanted no other man. He would pull out handfuls of money to induce me to lie with him. When I met him in the street, he would be making me proposals, at last I did agree that he might call; my husband being out at business, I said, I would grant him the favour, when an opportunity served. He came to the house three times before that. I went to his shop that morning for two ounces of sugar; he asked me if my husband was at work? I said he was gone to

Blackwall. Said he, may I call, there shall be no money wanting: he came. My husband had taken the key of the door to let himself in: he came in order to lie down to get some rest against he went to work. He was in a great passion with me, and struck me down to the ground, and asked the other what business he had there with his wife, and said he would take the law of him. Mr. Carr desired he would not, for that would expose him and hurt him in his business, and offered him a note of twenty guineas, and three half guineas he had in his pocket, and delivered the money voluntarily, and offered his watch, but my husband refused it.

Redmond called John Hesting , William Rawney , and Martin Mordin , three ballast men. The two first attempted to prove he was by the water-side, in order to go to work at ballast beaving; but the tide not serving, he did not stay. The last said he had known him 18 months in England, and 7 or 8 years in Ireland, where they were bred and born.

Q. to Hopkins the younger. Did you see Redmond that morning before you heard the noise?

A. Hopkins. As near as I can say, I saw him sitting by his fire side about half an hour before I heard this noise.

Q. to Carr. Was Webber at your house that morning, and for what purpose?

Carr. She came that morning about eight o'clock, for two ounces of sugar; and she told me her husband would be at Blackwall, and would not be at home till eleven at night. Redmond

Guilty . Death .

Webber Acquitted .

T - D -.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-43

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165. (M.) T - D - was indicted for making an assault with an offensive weapon, called a wooden trunnel, on John Picket , in a forcible and violent manner, and did demand the money of the said John with a felonious intention , February 16 . +

John Picket . Last Sunday night I met the prisoner within two fields of Stepney, he past me, and in about two or three minutes he came upon me, and struck me with this bludgeon (producing a trunnel) and demanded my money; I begged for God's sake he would not use me ill, and said I had but a halfpenny in the world; he saw two men coming, he left me, they and I followed and took him, he fell down on his knees, and begged to be let go.

Samuel Tasker and Jos Pimler , the two persons that were at the securing him, were in court, but it was thought needless to call them.

Prisoner's defence.

I had no victuals all the day. I met some shipmates of mine at Stepney, they gave me part of four tankards of beer; I went to get a turnep to eat, and I ran against this man; said I, have you got any money. I did not knock him down.

Guilty . T .

Edward Carivan, John Archer.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-44
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > theft under 1s; Guilty; Not Guilty; Guilty; Not Guilty

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166. (M.) Edward Carivan , was indicted for stealing six deal scaffolding boards, value 9 s. the property of Neal Duly , January 31 . +

Neal Duly . I am a bricklayer . The prisoner has worked for me as a labourer ; I lost many scaffolding-boards; I found some again at John Archer 's cut to pieces for fire-wood; I can swear to six (he produced a piece with the letters R. K. cut on it) this is a mark I make use of; it is a piece of one I found there, and after the prisoner was taken, he owned he told some there.

Prisoner. He told me if I would tell who I sold them to, he would clear me.

Duly. I cannot deny but I did say so; but he sold some to other people.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted for stealing two scaffolding-boards, value 3 s. the property of Francis Baily , Jan. 31 . +

Francis Bailey . I am a bricklayer , the prisoner has worked for me; the prisoner was detected by Thomas Payne , with two of my scaffolding-boards upon him, there is my name at full length upon them, they are worth 20 d. each.

Thomas Payne . On the 31st of January I took the prisoner with the two deal boards, which the prosecutor swore to, on his shoulders, as he was going into Archer's house.

Guilty 10 d.

167. (M.) He was a third time indicted for stealing four deal scaffolding-boards, value 5 s. the property of Thomas Leicester , and John Archer , for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , January 30 . +

Thomas Leicester . On the 30th of January about 9 in the morning, I had information there was some of my scaffolding-boards in Tyburn-road, at Archer's; I went there and found four of them, three of them had my brand mark upon them; the prisoner, Carivan, was taken before Justice Wright, and there acknowledged he stole them, and sold them to Archer's wife.

Thomas Payne gave the same evidence as on the former trial.

Carivan Guilty .

Archer Acquitted .

Carivan was a fourth, and Archer a second time indicted, the first for stealing five deal scaffolding-boards, value 7 s. the property of John Corser , and the other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , January 30 . +

Thomas Payne gave the same evidence as on the other trials, with this addition; That many pieces of scaffolding-boards were found in Archer's house, some of which were the prosecutor's property; that Archer keeps a chandler's-shop, and sells coals and wood, but that Archer himself is a coachman, and the business is carried on by his wife in the shop. No evidence was given that he bought or received any.

Carivan Guilty . T .

Archer Acquitted .

Edward Bromley.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-45
VerdictNot Guilty

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168. (M.) Edward Bromley was indicted for that he, on the King's highway, on John Smith , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; and violently taking from his person half a guinea and four shillings in money numbered , his property, Jan. 14 . ||

John Smith . On the 14th of January, about 11 at night, I was by the side of my waggon in Bellfound lane , with a candle and lanthorn by me, a man walked before me about three yards, then turned again with a pistol in his hand; he bid me do'ut my candle, or he would blow my brains out; I looked over my shoulder and saw another man behind me: the first man demanded my money; I gave him half a guinea and some silver, there was one half crown among it, he had a little round hat on, and I think a blue surtout coat: I am not certain to the man. He that was behind me got upon the shafts of the waggon, and demanded the passengers money. I went back again to the town I came from, that is Stanes, and told one of the serjeants how I had been served; he asked what sort of a person it was that robbed me; I described him as having a large rough voice, a middle sized man; he said he could not pitch upon any body but the prisoner. His outward cloaths were not buttoned, I could see he had red cloaths underneath, made me mistrust he was a soldier, the prisoner denied the fact before Justice Fielding, and I cannot swear to him.

Richard Evans . I was the man that was along with the prisoner when we robbed the prosecutor.

Acquitted .

Mary Cavenagh.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-46
VerdictNot Guilty

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169. (M.) Mary Cavenagh was indicted for stealing two aprons, value 2 s. the property of John Hancock , Feb. 16 . ||

Acquitted .

Anne Collier.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-47
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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170. (M.) Anne Collier was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 2 s. and a flannel petticoat , the property of Daniel Waterland , Feb. 18 . ||

Sarah Waterland . I am wife to Daniel Waterland . The prisoner came to wash for me last Tuesday morning about 7 o'clock; I gave her a cotton gown and flannel petticoat to wash; she went out; I went into the wash-house and missed them: a little boy watched her into Tottenham-court-road; she was taken afterwards with the petticoat upon her. The gown was pawned at Mr. Gibbons's in West-street, where it was found.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Joshua Wells.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-48

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171. (M.) Joshua Wells was indicted, together with Andrew Ross , not yet taken, for stealing a silver cream pot, value 10 s. 4 silver table-spoons, 2 silver salt-shovels, 3 silver tea-spoons, one silver waiter, one silver soup-spoon, 2 silver cups, and a cloth great coat , the property of Elizabeth Towrey , widow , January 29 . ||

Elizabeth Towrey . The prisoner was my footman last year; I live in May-Fair; he has left me four or five months; I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, between the 28th and 29th of January (mentioning them), there is a crest and cypher on some of them, I got intelligence of them the day after I lost them, by delivering out some of Sir John Fielding 's bills; some were at Mr. Horn's, a pawnbroker in St. Martin's-lane, some at Mrs. Blaney's at Lambeth, and the great coat at an old cloaths shop.

Charity Blaney . I live at Lambeth, my husband is a pawnbroker; one Andrew Ross brought 3 silver table-spoons to my house; my husband lent him 18 s. upon them; after the prisoner was taken, he owned he was along with Ross when he brought them, but he did not come in; I never saw the prisoner till Justice Fielding's man brought him to my house (produced and deposed to.)

Q. Is it usual to receive things with arms on them?

Blancy. Ross told us they were his mother's; she did live in Lambeth, but is removed to a gentlewoman's in Berry-street. I went there on the next day, and found she had not sent him, then I advertised them.

Thomas Hall . I live in St. Martin's-lane, (he produced a soup spoon, a milk pot, and two salt-shovels) these I took in of Andrew Ross , on the 29th of Jan. he brought them in the name of Mrs. Talbot, a customer of mine. I lent him two guineas and a half upon them; the next day I

received one of Sir John Fielding 's bills, then went to Mrs. Talbot to know if she had sent any of these things; she informed me she had not (I know the prisoner's mother lives with Mrs. Talbot) then I went to Sir John, and informed him I had some of the things. (Deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Robert Matthews . I keep a cloaths-shop at Lambeth; the prisoner sold me this coat the 29th of Jan. (Produced in court and deposed to.)

John Noaks . I am a constable; the prisoner was taken up yesterday was a week; I went with him the next day to Lambeth, he shewed me the pawnbroker's house and cloaths-shop; he said Ross went in and pawned the plate, and he staid in the street; and that he himself went into the old cloaths-shop and sold the coat.

Prisoner's defence.

I had a good character when I came from a nobleman's to Mrs. Towrey, and she gave me a good one when I went away.

Guilty . T .

Francis Parsons.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-49
VerdictNot Guilty

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172. (M.) Francis Parsons was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 12 l. a gold chain, value 40 s. and two cornelian seals set in gold, value 40 s. the property of Richard Maidman , Esq ; privately from his person , Feb. 19 . +

Richard Maidman . On Wednesday last in the afternoon about two o'clock, I was standing in St. James's park to see his Majesty go to the house of peers; the prisoner came and placed himself just before me, I think with his hands behind him; this was about a minute before his Majesty came: as his Majesty came near, this man pressed hard against me; I immediately felt a sudden twitch at my watch, and found it gone (which I know I had in my pocket just before.) He immediately ran away, I pursued him, and took him by the collar; when he was got about five yards from the place, I charged him with taking my watch; he denied it, but there was no watch to be found, he must have got it off to some of his companions. There were people that stood by the side of me said, they saw something throwed. I am certain it was the prisoner that I felt twitch at my watch; there was no mob where I stood at that time; if there had been a mob, I could not have pursued as I did. The watch was advertised, and Sir John Fielding sent hand-bills about, but I never got it again. It was a gold watch as described in the indictment. My name was cut in one of the seals in Persian characters; I had it cut in India.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was not others as near you as the prisoner?

Maidman. No; nobody was so near as he.

Q. Did not the prisoner run towards his Majesty?

Maidman. No; he rather ran towards Spring-gardens from his M ajesty.

Captain Whitfield . I was with Mr. Maidman. I missed him, and soon saw him have the prisoner by the collar; I went up to them, we searched the prisoner's breeches and coat-pockets, but did not find the watch.

Q. Did you search under his arms.

Whitfield. No, we did not; the prisoner was in great confusion? there was not a great crowd; he prosecutor, I, and another, stood of a row.

Prisoner's defence.

I know nothing at all about it. The King's coach came by, and this gentleman took hold of my collar. I live in Hampstead, and came to London that day with three dozen of wine.

For the prisoner.

John Graham . I am a house-broker; I have known the prisoner about 16 or 18 months. I never heard any misbehaviour of him. I believe many people would have been here to give him a character, only it falls out on a wrong day for their business.

Roger Pratt . I keep the Bell in Holbourn. I have known him four months, he keeps the chicken-house at Hampstead. I always looked upon him as an honest man.

Acquitted .

See him an evidence against seven pickpockets, his companions, No 182, 183, 184, 185, in Mr. Alderman Bridgen's Mayoralty.

Rose Foy, Alice Chappel, Margaret Carney.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-50
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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173, 174, 175, (M.) Rose Foy , Alice Chappel , and Margaret Carney , spinsters , were indicted for stealing a cloth coat, a cloth waistcoat, a linen shirt, a linen neckcloth, a linen handkerchief, and a brass box , the property of Benj Marsh , Jan. 22 . ++

Benj Marsh . I live in East Smithfield. About 5 weeks ago I was knocked down and robbed of two shillings; I had been very ill used; the three prisoners went to get me to bed; after they were gone down, I saw Rose Foy come up again, and take the things mentioned in the indictement, ( mentioning them) from off a chest of drawers in my room. I met Chappel two days after, and asked her if she was not one of the girls that wiped the blood off my face. She said she was; I took her to the watch-house, there she acknowledged

where the coat and waistcoat were sold in Rosemary-lane. She said Rose Foy sold the rest, but she could not tell where. The other two prisoners were taken up the same night. The person that bought the coat and waistcoat owned he had bought them, and had sold them to a person in Yorkshire, and has sent for them up.

Foy's defence.

I know nothing about the things.

Chappel's defence.

I never made such a confession.

Foy and Chappel, Guilty . T .

Carney, Acquit .

John Smith.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-51

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176. (M.) John Smith , otherwise Robert Newcomb , was indicted for stealing a pair of leather boots, value 4 s. a pair of leather shoes, value 3 s. the property of Daniel Bell , Nov. 16 . ++

Will Saunders . The prisoner was tried here in December sessions, for stealing a pair of boots and some shoes; but these are not them, tho' lost at the same time. The prisoner was taken up at Islington. These things have been stole out of my master's stable, Mr. Daniel Bell , of Stamford-hill.

Jos Oldstock . I bought a pair of boots and shoes of a neighbour, named Hanaway, (produced and deposed to by Saunders, as Mr. Bell's property.)

Barnwell Hanaway. The prisoner came to lodge at my house about seven weeks ago; he was sick, and desired that I might sell these boots and shoes; I sold them for seven shillings; the prisoner said they were his property.

Prisoner. Ask Mr. Saunders if it was possible for me to get into the place?

Saunders to the question. I thought he could not, and said so on his former trial. (See No 25, in this mayoralty.) but I imagine he did get in, or set somebody else to go in.

Prisoner's defence.

I bought the boots and shoes of a man in Hackney-road, but I do not know him.

Guilty . T .

Gerrett Byrne, Mary Brown, Elizabeth Short.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-52
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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177, 178, 179. (M.) Gerrett Byrne was indicted for stealing a leather portmanteau, value 5 s. a callico petticoat, value 10 s. one ell of thread lace, value 5 s. one pair of slippers, value 6 d. a sattin sack and petticoat, value 20 s. and a pair of sattin shoes, value 2 s. the property of the Right Honourable Lady Essex Kerr , a linen waistcoat, value 2 s. the property of the Right Honourable Lady Mary Kerr , a pair of shoes and eleven shirts, the property of Robert Smith , Esq ; a cloth coat and waistcoat , the property of William Hancock ; and Mary Brown and Elizabeth Short , for receiving part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , December 4 . ++

James Boynon . I am servant to Mr. Smith; he lives with the Duke of Roxburgh. On the 4th of December I was in a chaise, coming to London; we had a portmanteau fastened, behind with the things in it mentioned in the indictment. I saw it at the second turnpike before we came to Westminster-bridge, and it was missing when we came home to Hanover-square, which was about 6 o'clock.

James Jones . I am a broker, and live at Lime-house. I deal in old cloaths also (he produced two petticoats, a waistcoat, a pair of sattin shoes, a pair of slippers, four shirts, and a piece of lace). I received some of these of Byrne, and some of Elizabeth Short , about a quarter after 10 in the morning, on the 7th of December, in their own room. Byrne was with me the night before, between 4 and 5 o'clock in the afternoon, and told me to come and look at some goods that Elizabeth Short , whom he called his wife, had to sell.

Q. Where is their room?

Jones. It was by Holliwell-mount, up a court. He asked me three guineas and a half for them, I bid him two guineas and a half for them; then Short took out this piece of lace, and asked me 10 s. for it. I bid her 5 s. for it, and she took it.

Eleanor Paine . I am servant to the two ladies (she looked at them, and deposed to them as the property of their respective owners, as in the indictment.)

Boynon. The shirts are the property of Mr. Smith.

Joseph Pevey . I drove the chaise. I put the trunk behind the chaise, and fastened it on before we set out.

Richard Avery . I am steward to the Duke of Roxburgh. I was before the magistrate when Byrne was examined: there was a person named Lawrence, turned evidence, and in consequence of that, Jones brought some things. Byrne denied it at first, but afterwards he acknowledged, that he, in company with M'Caves and Conyers, were the three persons that took the portmanteau from behind the chaise, near St. James's. The carriage came over Westminster-bridge, and along Albemarle-street to Grosvenor-square. He said

they took them to M'Caves's, and divided them into three lots. This was on the 27th of January.

Elizabeth Carter . I live in Grub-street. I had a sack and coat of Brown the prisoner on a Saturday in December, but cannot be positive to the day: after that I bought a black sattin sack of her for 4 l. 10 s. I sold that again in Monmouth-street (the sack and petticoat produced in court, deposed to by Elizabeth Paine , as the property of Lady Essex Kerr.

Byrne's defence.

M'Caves gave me these things, to deliver the sack and petticoat to Brown, and the other things to Mr. Jones; at the same time he brought a gold watch.

Brown's defence.

I happened to buy some of those things of a person that I look upon to be an honest woman. Mr. Jones came to me, and desired me to sell them for him. I sold them to Mrs. Carter in the evening, and he gave me 5 s. for selling them: he has got an estate by such sort of things as those.

Byrne guilty . T .

Brown and Short Acquitted .

See Byrne tried by the name of Gerrard Bunn, for robbing a foreigner in his own dwelling-house, for which he was capitally convicted, No 286, in Mr. Alderman Cokayne's mayoralty.

William Swift, John Evans.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-53
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty

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180, 181. (M.) William Swift and John Evans were indicted for robbing Edward Birch , on the King's highway, of 20 d. in money numbered , January 31 . +

Edward Birch . I carry about pies for my living , and live at Hounslow. I was coming from Brentford on the 31st of January. I got over Smallberry-green turnpike about 11 at night: there came two men to me, and turned me round. I said, gentlemen, I hope you will not molest me on the highway, I hope you'll let me pass: I went on. When I came to the Rose and Crown, I crossed the way, being in fear; one of them crossed over to me, and knocked me down, I cannot tell with what; it was not his fist, because it hit so hard. I got up as quick as I could, they knocked me down again. I got up a second time, then they knocked me down again, and I could not then get up. One of them got his hand in my mouth; I strove to bite his finger to mark him, but I could not; then I cried, murder. I had 5 s. in one pocket, and a few halfpence in another: they took 20 or 22 d. I do not know which.

Q. What colour were their cloaths?

Birch. I could not distinguish which; I cannot sware to them, but they knew me: one of them said, I'll be d - d if it is not All Hot (a name given me by crying my pies), they seemed to be sorry, and said, he knows us. I was a long time before I got out of the ditch: there came a lad that had been robbed; he said, halloo; I said, halloo, who are you. I have been robbed said he. I said, so have I: he said, he had been robbed of all he had: I said, then I'll go along with you to Brentford, because I had some left, and give you part of a pot. We went there, but nobody was up. The two prisoners were taken up before I came back, on another affair. I called at the turnpike. Mr. Smith that keeps it, said, All Hot, you may go on very safe, for the men are taken, I saw the corporal, and said, I had been robbed by two of his light-horse-men: he bid me go home to bed, so I did.

Both Acquitted .

They were a second time indicted, for that they, with a certain offensive weapon, called a pistol, which Evans had and held in his right hand, did make an assault on John Spinnage , Esq ; with a felonious intent his money to steal , Jan. 31 . ++

John Spinnage , Esq; I was in a post chaise with four horses. There was Mr. Marsden and Adams with me. On the 31st of January we were stopped about a quarter before 12 at night, about 40 yards on this side Lord Northumberland's , beyond Brentford . I called to know what was the matter. The post-boy said, some gentlemen will not let us go on: we let down the fore glass. I heard a voice say, d - n you, go to the door, and demand the money. Upon which I saw Evans come with a pistol in his hand close up to the sash, on the left hand. I was in the center: he talked about money, when close to the window, d - n you, your money, I'll blow your brains out, or something of that kind. I saw by the presenting his pistol, if there had been a ball, it must go through the roof of the chaise, he elevated the point pretty high. I bid Adams let the glass down, the moment that was down, I cried, fire away: upon which Evans fired, I could see his face extremely plain by the slash of the pan. We fired two pistols immediately upon him from the chaise; I thought it would have knocked his head off, as the pistols were not three feet from his head: there was another man: they went away towards London. I bid the boy drive on as fast as possible to the first house. When we

came to Smallberry-green, I asked the turnpike man to lend me a lanthorn: he did, with a bit of candle in it. I asked the post-boy if his heart lay right; he answered, it does lay very right. I thought we had killed the person, and I was determined not to let him lay in the road, but to carry him to Brentford. We went to the place, and hunted about with the lanthorn, and could see no man nor blood; I thought then these fellows could not have got far. In a little time up came Evans to me; this was just as you turn down to the Lord of Northumberland's house. I laid hold of him, and Marsden seized Swift: we tied Evans's hands behind him; then I went to assist Marsden, and found Swift had got a pistol in the lining of his regimentals: we took it out; it was a horse pistol. He wanted to get away; they can jump like greyhounds: we tied Swift's hands behind him also, and Marsden and Adams took them to the turnpike. When we got there, I held a candle to the face of Evans, and all about his eye were the appearance of gunpowder, and there was the least touch in the world of the graze of a ball on his nose. Swift desired to have his pistol. I said, you shall never have it no more: his pistol was laid on the table, and by the smell of it, I am sure it had not been fired off 10 minutes. Evans was dressed in his watering jacket and cap, and Swift in his regimentals. I did not see Swift at the time we fired: Mr. Marsden will account for him. When his wife came to him, he said, don't make yourself uneasy, I bless God there was no ball in my barrel.

William Marsden . On Friday the 31st of January, after we had been examining the men on a slight suspicion at the barracks, at Kensington, five were committed to goal. We discovered about fourteen: one was upon centry, he flung down his piece, and ran away: we thought proper to give notice to the different officers where the men were quartered; we ordered a post chaise with four horses. Mr. Spinnage offered to go, and I offered my service to go with him. Adams went with us. We were unprepared for any journey: the major at the barracks offered us pistols: we had two brace given us loaded for our guard: first of all they brought us four pistols, with but one lock to them all. Going along, when we got to this place, about 40 yards on this side the lane that turns down to Isleworth, the first I observed was the chaise stopped. I called out, what is the matter: the boy, I think, said, two gentlemen stopped him; I guessed what it was. Swift, whom I have known for years, stood directly opposite the window. I sat on the farther side, and he on the near side very forward, so that I had a full view of him: he was in his full regimentals, cap, and every thing. I then had no doubt but that we were stopped: I had my pistol ready, intending if he had offered any pistol, to have shot him; it was so ready, I knew I could be before hand with him. In the mean time, I heard him say something to the other man, I observed nothing more than the word chaise. The other came up, and said something of money; he came on the same side, but the instant he spoke, off went the pistol; I fired instantly, we could but just see which pistol went off first: he came in a direction from the horses to the chaise, I saw but little more of him than his head and his hand. Mr. Spinnage fired, and so did Adams, at the other, then they ran away, and we went on; he that fired into the chaise, was in a woollen cap and white jacket. We went on to the turnpike, and got a lanthorn; I took one of the pistols that I found loaded, and went on. I saw Swift, and laid hold of him, and knew him directly; he was servant to a lady that used to visit Sir John Fielding : we took them to the turnpike-house, and went to see how many pistols we had; we got him to a house at Hounslow, and got a constable. Evans ran away for that night, and was not taken till the Sunday after. I saw his face when we brought him to the light, all the left part of his cheek and his eyelid was all plain powder to be seen in it. When they were examined last Monday se'nnight, Swift began mentioning the stopping the chaise, and Evans acknowledged the same, but that it was with intention to ride, not to take any thing.

- Adams. I was likewise in the chaise; we were stopped a little beyond Brentford. I saw a man in regimentals standing in the foot-path a little way from the chaise. I kept my eye upon him. I did not see the other man till he came to the window; there was something said, like d - n you, your money. Major Spinnage said, let down the window; we let down the side glass, and Mr. Marsden said, keep off: the major said, fire, and I directly fired at the man that stood by the chaise; he was dressed in white, with his watering cap on, I did not distinguish his face: then we went on to the turnpike at Smallberry-green; we got out of the chaise, and came down and met with the two prisoners in the road, and secured them. We searched them; there was a pistol found on Swift. When we came to Hounslow, on the left side of Evans's face, the blood

had a little started; it looked a little freshish. The pistol that was taken from Swift, had been fired off; the pan was quite wet. Mr. Marsden held it up and said, is this your pistol? Swift said it was: there was only two pistols fired in the chaise, I fired one, and I believe Mr. Marsden the other.

- Brooks. I was the foremost post-boy: going along, we perceived two men; as we came near them, they parted, one went upon the causeway, and the other in the middle of the road; one in white, with his watering cap on, the other in his red regimentals: he in his watering dress came and held a pistol to me; there were some words passed between them. Then I heard Evans demand the money at the chaise door; the glass was down, and, to the best of my knowledge, there were three pistols fired: after that Evans came towards my horses: they called out of the chaise to go on, and we galloped all the way to Smallberry-green turnpike, after that they went back and brought the two prisoners to the turnpike.

Henry Gascoyne . We were going along just on. the other side Brentford, by the lane that goes up to Sion-house: all on a sudden we stopped. I asked the boy what was the matter; he said, Harry, here is a man has hold of my horses, and will not let me go. They let down the glass of the chaise, and asked what was the matter. I said, here is a man stops us: the man in regimentals stood on the bank side. He said, You scoundrel, why don't you go and demand their money: he let go the horses heads, and ran by me, and said, your money, gentlemen. Who fired the pistols, I cannot say, but I could hear the report of two; they were so close, I could hardly distinguish them: after that there was another pistol discharged, which was, I believe, to the man on the bank; then they ordered us to go along as hard as we could to the turnpike.

The prisoners in their defence denied the fact, and said they had been out, and staid till locked out of their quarters: that they imagined the chaise to be a return post chaise, and they went up to it in order to get a ride.

Evans called Mary Barber , Daniel Jopson , Richard Sealtock , William Gough , and John Purcer , who gave him a good character.

Swift called Stephen Kendrick and William Kendrick , who gave him the same.

Both Guilty . T .

James Sinclare.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-54
VerdictNot Guilty

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182. (M.) James Sinclare was indicted for stealing a hat box, value 6 d. and one woman's black hat, value 1 s. the property of Elizabeth Wigmore , widow , Feb. 18 . ++

Andrew Young . I live at Wapping. On Tuesday I come home about 5 in the afternoon. I sent my servant up stairs; she catched the prisoner on the stair-case; we secured him. I went up to see what was done. I found my sister Elizabeth Wigmore 's hat box, that used to stand on a cabinet, lying on the floor, and the hat taken out, and lying on the dressing table.

Anne Holmes . I was going up into a two pair of stairs room: coming down I saw the prisoner in a room; I said, what do you want here: he said he wanted a servant maid, naming some name. I ran down and told my master, and he was secured. The hat box was standing upon a cabinet in that room just before, and the hat in it. which he had removed. The box was on the ground, and the hat on the table.

Elizabeth Wigmore . That day, about half an hour after four, my box, with the hat in it, was standing on the cabinet.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been walking about to see for work. I found no person would give me any to do: they gave me beer, and I got a little in liquor. I met an acquaintance; he said, a kinswoman of his lived some where there, and if I could find her, he would give me some beer. I went to this house up two pair of stairs, and knocked at a door. A cat came jumping out, and ran into the upper part of the house; I turned down again. the cat ran out at the door as fast as any thing, she might fling the things down for what I know.

Acquitted .

John Donoley.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-55
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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183. (M.) John Donoley was indicted, for that he, on the 15th of January , about the hour of 6 in the night, the dwelling-house of Joseph Frankland , did break and enter, and stealing 9 pair of worsted stockings, value 20 s. the property of the said Joseph, in the said dwelling-house . ||

Joseph Frankland . I am a hosier , and live in David-street, Grosvenor-square . On the 15th of January, about 6 at night, there were two candles burning in my window, and two on the counter. I saw two men at the window, breaking of it, and taking the stockings out as I was in the back room. I saw each of them had a hand in at the hole. I ran out; they ran: I called, stop thief. They both ran into a passage called Little Grosvenor passage, I was not above five

yards behind them: there were the prisoner and another man standing; I said, did you see two men run through here; they said, no. Then I took hold of the prisoner, and said he should go along with me; there were 9 pair of stockings picked up afterwards upon the spot where he was standing (produced and deposed to.)

William Clarkson . I live within two doors. I saw the prisoner running, he was the last of the two, with stockings in his hand. I saw the feet hang down; I saw him run into that passage, where he was taken.

Richard Peachey . I picked up the 9 pair of stockings after the prosecutor had taken the prisoner away: they were on the same spot where the prisoner stood.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty of felony only . T .

Peter Triest, Louis Riviere.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-56
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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184, 185. (M.) Peter Triest was indicted for stealing four half pint silver mugs, value 4 l. one pint silver mug, value 4 l. four silver salts, value 20 s. a silver waiter, value 20 s. four silver cups, value 40 s. and four silver salt shovels, the property of the Right Honourable Frederick, Lord Baltimore , in his Lordship's dwelling-house ; and Louis Riviere for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , Feb. 3 . +

The prisoners being foreigners, an interpreter was sworn.

Thomas Broughton . I am steward to Lord Baltimore: his house is in Southampton-row , Bloomsbury. The plate mentioned in the indictment (mentioning them by name) was lost out of our house the 3d of February, at 2 in the morning, according to the confession of Triest; he was one that my Lord kept out of charity: he confessed it to my Lord. I tied his arms, and went with him to a field by Mountague-house wall, where he said Riviere went with him and buried it. When we came there it was gone. He cried a great deal. I took him back, and sent for a constable, and went with a letter to Sir John Fielding ; and in the mean time the constable went with another man, and found out Riviere: he was brought before Sir John the next morning; what was said there was in French, which I did not understand.

Edward Ogdon . I was sent for on the 3d of February. My Lord Baltimore was examining Triest in French, and my Lord told me what the boy said in English. By his information I found Riviere lived in Church-lane. I and my Lord's porter went to the house; he was not there. The boy told us there was a cook lived in Hog-lane, perhaps he may be there, so we went there with the boy, and left the porter in Church-lane; the boy shewed me the door in a cellar: I peeped through the key-hole, and saw a man: I knocked at the door; they did not come to open it. I knocked again, and said I had a commission from my Lord Baltimore to come and search. I found Riviere upon the stairs; I asked him if he had any plate of my Lord's, for I had information that he was the man that took it. He said, he did not know, but he would see. I secured him, and drove him before me, and found some of the plate among some saw dust, and some behind the barrels. I found all but one salt and one half pint mug (the rest produced and deposed to by Mr. Broughton, as my Lord's property). One Grible here, an evidence, rents the house.

William Grible . Riviere came to my house to work for about three weeks. On the 3d of February, he told me that Triest had committed a robbery at my Lord Baltimore's, and said he would deposit them all at my house; to take them back again to my Lord, if he could find an opportunity to save the lad from being transported. Riviere brought part of them to my house about 11 o'clock one morning, and the rest about 7 in the evening.

Q. Who put them in the saw dust, and behind the barrels?

Grible. Riviere did.

Q. Whether Ogdon found them there, or Riviere shewed them to him?

Grible. Ogdon found them himself.

Q. How came you not to tell him of the plate, and not give him the trouble to find it?

Grible. Riviere was perplexed, and he blowed the candle out twice, and did not know what to do.

John Neal . I am the landlord of the house where Grible lives. I was at the finding the things. I never saw Riviere there before that night to my knowledge.

Triest's defence.

Riviere buried the plate, I did not. I am but 14 years of age.

Riviere's defence.

I intended to have taken the plate back to my Lord's.

Triest. If you intended that, you would not have persuaded me to do it as you did.

Triest Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

Riviere Guilty . T. 14 .

Susannah Yates.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-57

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186. (M.) Susannah Yates was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 4 s. a silk and stuff gown, a pair of stays, a silk cloak, a quilted petticoat, and two handkerchiefs , the property of Benjamin Hill , Feb. 1 . ++

Catherine Hill . I am wife to Benjamin Hill: we live in Featherstone-court, Featherstone-street . We had two keys to our room door. I had lost one, and got a padlock to put on the outside. I had been out and the door was locked, and a padlock on it also. When I returned, the padlock was taken off; the door was locked as usual. I looked, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment. This was the 10th of this instant February. We found all the things, except a purple and white gown, at Mr. Payne's, in Golden lane. I having a suspicion of the prisoner, she lodging in the room above mine, I took her up, and carried her to the pawnbroker, and he swore she was the woman that brought them to him.

Francis Smith . I am servant to Mr. Payne. The prisoner pledged these things with me the 10th of this instant, in the evening (the things found, produced, and deposed to). She pledged them in the name of Mary Willson , for 19 s.

Q. Did you know her before?

Smith. I did; she has used our house for two years.

Q. What name did you know her by?

Smith. By the name of Yates.

Q. Did you never give yourself the trouble to enquire why she came in another name?

Smith. No.

Court. Something must be done in this, or the town will be over-run with thieves. Here is hardly a thief comes to be tried, but a pawnbroker comes also.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Stanley, John Stanley.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-58
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesDeath; Miscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment > newgate

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187, 188. (L.) Sarah Stanley , spinster , was indicted for stealing 8 guineas, 4 half guineas, 9 quarter guineas, one 36 s. piece, and 16 s. and 8 d. in money numbered, the property of Anne Christophera Cole , widow , in the dwelling-house of the said Anne Christophera , and John Stanley , her father, as accessary before and after the fact, for feloniously enticing, procuring, counselling, and commanding her to do and commit the same, and receiving and harbouring her, well knowing she had committed the same , Feb. 9 . ++

Anne Christophera Cole. I keep a public house in Jewin-street ; Sarah Stanley was with me to fetch in pots and draw beer. On the 9th of this month, I went to the fire side to give change to a person, and did not take the key out of my drawer, but turned it; I had left a quarter guinea on the table, she took it up and gave it me, and I put it and a guinea into the drawer, when I turned the key just before. I missed her in about a quarter of an hour after.

Q. Where is your till?

Anne Cole . That is in the bar, I saw her in the bar when I was giving change. I felt in my pocket apron, and found my key was gone; I went to the till and opened it, and my bag was gone, eight guineas, four half guineas, nine quarter guineas, a 36 s. piece, and a silver twopence, three half crowns, and other silver. I went to the watch-house with a gentleman that was in my house, but heard nothing of her; at break of day we had intelligence her father lodg'd in Golden-lane, behind the Black Raven; we went there about half an hour after six; we called, the mother came to the window, I went into the room, she had her under petticoat on, there was a great fire; I said, Nanny, where is my money? Said she, what is the matter? where is Sall? I said, you know; my money is gone. She began to cry, and said she knew nothing of it; we took her till such time we found the two prisoners. She equivocated a great deal, and said she knew nothing of it; at last she said, they were at the foot of the bridge; in going, they met them both together accidentally by Cripplegate church; I was not there. They went in at the Ship-ale-house, in Whitecross-street, and I and the constable were sent for. The father used me there in a very abrupt manner; he pushed me down flat on my face, and threw beer over me and another. I called for a coach, and foolishly ventured my life with him; when we came to Wood-street Compter, he said, that was the place he wanted to go to. He smashed the glasses all to pieces, which I had to pay for, and behaved in a very bad manner. I carried them before the Lord Mayor, and my Lord committed him to Newgate, and the girl to the Poultry Compter. There was 12 l. and upwards found upon the man, there was a 36 s. piece, three half crowns, a silver two-pence, two half guineas, 8 guineas and some trifle of silver.

Q. What did the father say for himself?

Anne Cole . He had nothing to say. The girl said to him, father, give my mistress the money, for you know you have got it in your pocket. I heard her say this two or three times. He was so audacious and abusive that no body

could bear to be near him; all he said was to very little purpose: I believe he was the occasion of her taking the whole from me. She confessed the whole.

Q. How old is she?

Anne Cole . She was 17 years of age the day I took her up.

Charles Bull . I was at Mrs. Cole's house on that Sunday evening about a quarter after 9, I had a pint of beer; I said to the girl, put a bit of toast in it, which she did, and turned herself round and went into the bar. Mrs. Cole went into the bar about twenty minutes after, and said, I am ruined, I am robbed of all I got; it is not mine, it is the brewer's money. The maid said, madam, do you know where Sally is gone? The mistress said, no, I do not; she said, it gives me reason to think she had got it, saying, the father came to the house the day before, and demanded money of the girl. They were told the father lived in Beech-lane; I went to enquire, and found he was moved to Golden-lane, by the Black Raven; the next morning Mrs. Cole and I went there; the man at the Black Raven called Mrs. Stanley. She opened the window, then we went up; Mrs. Cole desired me to run for an officer, I went and got one, and we took her to Mrs. Cole's house; there we asked her several questions. She had five or six shillings and six-pence in her pocket. About eleven o'clock we went to go before my Lord Mayor with her, coming to the steps of the Mansion-house, she said, If Mrs. Cole would go home, and leave it to me, she would tell where they were. Mrs. Cole consented to it; then she said her husband and daughter were over the bridge at a public house, and she would speak to him to let us have the money back. Coming by Cripplegate, the father and daughter were coming from towards London-wall; the wife said to him, so John; then I took hold of him, and said, you are all three prisoners. The man said, he knew nothing of the matter. The girl said, father, we are found out, give Mr. Bull the money, you know it is my mistress's. People coming about us, I said, we will go into Mr. Durant's till Mrs. Cole comes. No, said the father, I'll go into the Ship-ale-house; I sent for an officer, and called for a tankard of beer; he threw it over me, and was striving to get out at the door; I laid him on the ground, and kept him there. When Mrs. Cole came in, the girl directly said, father, give my mistress the money; you persuaded me to do it, and you have got it between your shirt and your breeches. He said, I know not what money you mean. She said, you know you have it; for when I was at home in the afternoon to clean myself, you desired me to take my mistress's bag that the gold and silver was in, and you would wait in Jewin-street till I did it; and I took it and brought it to you, and you took and turned the money out into a paper, and put the key belonging to my mistress's till into the bag, and threw the bag away, and now you know that you have it, and here is six-pence that my father gave me out of the bag, and gave it into my hand. When we came before my Lord Mayor, he ordered him to be searched; we took him into a room, and I searched him; he put his hand into his pocket and took out three half crowns, and some silver, and put it into my hand; my Lord desired he should be searched closely; he pulled off his breeches; I took hold of them, and clapped my hand on the fob, and said here is something hard; Mr. Brown took out a parcel tied with a piece of pockthread: before we opened it Mr. Brown said, there is one particular guinea there, it is very smooth on one side, and the impression on the other very plain; we opened them, and it was the first guinea we saw; there were eight guineas, two half guineas, one 36 s. piece, one quarter of a guinea, and a silver two-pence (produced in court. The particular one inspected by the Court and Jury.) The money was sealed up in my Lord's presence. When we were bringing the father to Newgate, he desired me to get them to make it up as she had got the money, and hoped she would not prosecute him.

Maynard Brown. This guinea (taking the remarkable one in his hand) I borrowed of Mrs. Cole. I was at her house on Sunday in the afternoon drinking a pint of beer; some gentlemen there asked me to take a walk, when I came to feel in my pocket I had no money; I said to Mrs. Cole, lend me a few shillings. She fetched me this guinea: when we came to the Blue Last at Islington, they would not change it; I turned it over and over, and said, this is a comical sort of a guinea, plain on one side, and smooth on the other. When I came back again, I returned it to Mrs. Cole, and in the morning I heard she had been robbed. When I heard the prisoners were taken, I went to them to the Ship-ale-house; I asked the girl how she could be so cruel as to rob her poor mistress; she burst out crying very vehemently indeed, and said, Sir, when I went

home to clean myself in the afternoon, my father said to me, Sall, you must take the bag where your mistress's money is, out of the till, and bring it to me. She said, I cannot do such a thing: said he, I insist upon your doing it, and if you don't, I'll beat you. She said, she took an opportunity in the evening, when her mistress was gone out of the bar, and took the bag, with her mistress's gold and silver in it, and her father was then waiting for her in Jewin-street.

Q. Was all this in his hearing?

Brown. It was, and he made no reply to it: she said he took it from her, and they went and walked about the other end of the town all night, and he took the money out of the bag, a nd put the key in the bag, and threw it away in some lane, I think about Drury-lane. After that, he made reply and said, none of your mistress's money, you never gave me none. Said she, don't say so father, you know the money is my mistress's money, you have the silver in your pocket, and the gold is concealed in a paper somewhere about your shirt, or in your breeches. He made no more reply, but was very audacious: we took coach, and went before my Lord-Mayor at the Mansion-house; the girl made the same confession there, as near as can be spoke. My Lord ordered him to be searched in another room; there were three half crowns, and a silver 2 d. and other silver taken out of his pocket: he was very loth to pull off his breeches; we insisted upon having them quite off. I felt a knob in his fob, and took it out and delivered it to the officer. I said, before you open this paper, there is a very remarkable guinea, if it is not gone, and described it: they untied the packthread, and opened the paper, and the first guinea was that.

Daughter's defence.

I never saw nothing about it. There was another maid in the house as well as I. I was frighted, and did not know what to say. I went from my mistress, because we had words.

Father's defence.

I was in bed at the time, and knew no more of it than your Lordship does. I went out in the morning about my business, about 6 o'clock. I am a buckle maker. Coming home about half an hour after 1 o'clock, they stopped me in the street, and charged me with having this woman's money. I said, I had none, I never was near her house. They took me before my Lord-Mayor, and took 8 guineas, 2 half guineas, a 36 s. piece, 3 half crowns, and other silver out of my pocket, money of my own. I got it by my own hand labour. I sell buckles to the Jews.

Prosecutrix. He came out of Newgate but the other day. He had no money of his own. I was a good friend to him. I can swear to that silver 2 d. very safely, it is my child's.

Sarah Guilty . Death .

John Guilty . B . Imp .

When the father was gone from the bar, the girl confessed her father ordered her to make her defence in the manner which she did.

Mary Turner.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-59

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189. (M.) Mary Turner , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. a silver seal, value 1 s. the property of Joshua Richmond , Jan. 29 . ++

Joshua Richmond . I am a leather dresser , and live in Whitechapel. On the 28th of January, I went to receive some money at a public house, and after that to another, and called for a pint of beer. The woman at the bar sat on one side the fire, and I on the other: she asked me whether I would give her a pint; we had a full pot, after that another pint. I bought two black puddings of a man that came in: then we went to the Ship, in Monmouth-street, together, and drank. I never saw her before. I got very fuddled. I said I lived in Whitechapel; she went along with me to another public house, but I cannot tell where that was: she came to see me home; this was about 12 at night. When we got just by Prescot-street, I fell down, and was terribly wet. I believe I might be there some time. When I got up, I clapped my hand to my fob, and missed my watch. I said to her, you have my watch: she said, she had not. I took hold of her, and shoved her through Rosemary-branch-alley, and called the watch, and gave him charge of her; she was searched in the watch-house, and the watch found under her arm.

Charles Cox the constable confirmed the account of finding the watch as mentioned.

Prisoner's defence.

When he fell, I stooped to lift him up. I saw something shine. I picked it up, and put it in my bosom.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Bouden, Thomas Berryman.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-60
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty; Guilty

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190. (M.) Thomas Bouden (together with James Wedle , not taken) was indicted for stealing a mahogany shew-glass, with gold rings set with diamonds, ear-rings, silver buckles, silver watches, and divers other goods, to the amount of upwards of 20 l. the property of Solomon Isaac , in his dwelling-house , Feb. 6 . ++

Solomon Isaac deposed he is a jeweller , in Little Russel-court, St. Martin's in the fields : that on the 6th of February, at a little past 6 in the evening, he missed his shew-glass and goods in it, but did not know who took them.

Charles Merrit . I have been acquainted with the prisoner about two years and a half. I, him, and James Wedle , went out one night together a thieving, a fortnight ago last Wednesday: we went into Little Russel-court. I saw the door of the prosecutor's shop open. Wedle went in and fetched the shew-glass out, and blowed out the candle upon the counter; then Bouden and he ran along Vinegar-yard with it, I followed them between two coaches and into Catherine-street, then into Southampton-street; there Wedle gave the shew-glass to me. I carried it to the ruins of St. Giles's, there we opened it. Wedle took the things out, and put them in a handkerchief, then we threw the shew-glass into a sawpit. We carried the things to where I lodge; we all three lay together, and put them under the head of the bed. The next morning we went to see for a Jew, that Wedle called Nickadowser: we bargained with him for near one hundred seals for 4 s. Then we sold him a large silver medal, and he made us give him another medal into the bargain. We sold him an instrument case, with scissars and things in it, all for 29 s. Then he said he had no more money, but he would go and get some, and buy the rest of the things: he went and came back, and gave us 24 s. for three pair of paste buckles, two pair of oval ones, and a pair of true-lovers knot buckles. After that he gave us 1 l. 14 s. for eight gold rings, with stones in them, and some watch chains, necklaces, and ear-rings, with stones. On the Sunday morning following we were going to Holborn, and met him again. I gave him a little hat buckle that I had. We went in at the Py'd Bull, by Bloomsbury-square; he bargained with us for three watches under a gateway, in Ormond-street, for three guineas; after that we shewed him a pair of silver buckles like a true-lover's knot: he insisted upon our giving him them; we would not; then he allowed us 3 s. for them, but gave us but two. Then we went to the Rummer, in Oxford-market, and from thence set out for Hounslow, and staid there till the Wednesday, and came home in the evening, and on the Monday following Wright came and took me; after that he went and took Bouden. On the Tuesday we were carried before Sir John Fielding ; they wanted me to be an evidence; at first I would not, but after that I consented, and told Sir John the same as now. At night the prosecutor came; then we went to see after the Jew. We went to the Three Pigeons, where Nickadowser took the things: we found him. He and the prosecutor went out to whisper together, and between the prosecutor, who is a Jew, and one Lyon, they let him go. They talked in their own language together.

Acquitted .

191. (M.) He was a second time indicted, with Thomas Berryman , together with John Quin , not taken, for stealing a man's cloth coat, value 10 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 8 s. and a silver spoon , the property of Elias Shadow , November 20 . ++

Elias Shadow . I live in Castle-street, Piccadilly, and am a carver and gilder . I can only say I lost the things mentioned. I know neither of the prisoners, I only know Quin that is not taken.

Charles Merrit . The two prisoners, Quin, and I, went out one night, and got nothing. Coming home by where the prosecutor lives, they proposed going into his house. I was not for going in. Bouden and Quin said if we would not, we should have none of the things; then Bouden opened the door, he, I, and Quin went in, and Berryman stood at the door to see who came: we went up stairs, and brought down the several things mentioned in the indictment (naming them.) Berryman went and pawned a shirt for 4 s. after that a waistcoat for 6 s. 9 d. at Mr. Styles's. Quin sold two boys shirts in King-street, Seven Dials, for a shilling. There were two frocks, one of them I have on now.

Mr. Styles. I live in Little Castle-street. I am a pawnbroker (he produced a black waistcoat, deposed to by the prosecutor.) This Berryman pledged with me the 20th of November. I have known him ten or eleven years, he lived in the neighbourhood.

Bouden's defence.

This evidence met Berryman and me together at the end of Monmouth-street; he asked Berryman if he could pawn a waistcoat for him, and he took and pawned it.

Berryman's defence the same.

Bouden Acquitted .

Berryman Guilty . T .

John Currant, James Cunningham.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-61
VerdictNot Guilty

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192, 193. (M.) John Currant and James Cunningham were indicted for stealing three cheeses, weight 18 pounds, value 4 s. the property of Morley Ridley , Jan. 18 .

The only evidence to the fact was Anthony Fox , an accomplice, and without going into the evidence, they were Acquitted .

Anne Willson.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-62
VerdictNot Guilty

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194. (L.) Anne Willson was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 8 s. the property of Peter Tearney , Feb. 12 . ++

Peter Tearney . I am a weaver in Sun-street, Bishopsgate-street. I hired the prisoner to wind quills for me. I went to bed; she put the coat over me, and when I got up, the coat and she were missing. I catched her the same day, and she owned she had taken it. I told her if she would tell me where it was, so that I could get it again, I would forgive her: at last she said she sold it to a person that buys old cloaths in Rag-fair, for 2 s.

Acquitted .

George Younge.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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195. (L.) George Younge was indicted for stealing two live hens, value 4 s. the property of Thomas Baker , Feb. 16 . ++

Thomas Baker . I live at the George in Smithfield ; I deal in horses . On Sunday was a week I was going to bed, I heard the fowls make a noise; I ran down, and looking under a chaise I saw the shoes of a man, I called one of my men and took the prisoner; I asked him his business there; he said he was come there to lie, as he could get no lodging. There was a fowl at roost at top of the chaise; I found two tied by the legs dead, my property.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw a fowl there either alive or dead. I went up the yard to know what time I could bring the lambs in the morning. The gentleman came and laid hold of me, and said, I was going to steal his fowls.

Prosecutor. I enquired about, and nobody knows him to be a drover; he was lurking behind like a thief; there was nothing but stones to lie upon.

Acquitted .

George Robinson.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-64

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196. (L.) George Robinson was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 22 s. and a woollen cloth coat, value 10 s. the property of John Blackburn , Dec. 31 . ++

John Blackburn . I am a publican on Snow-hill, the prisoner lived servant with me some time in December last: I missed a watch and great coat; the prisoner went away from me. He is a drum and fife in the militia : the captain's servant came to know where he was, and said he had got a pretty watch; then I, mistrusting it to be mine, had him taken up; he confessed he had taken it, and pawned it in Cowcross, where I found it. I never could hear of my coat.

William Masters . I am a pawnbroker, this watch was pawned at my house in the name of George Robinson ; but the person that took it in, is very ill, and not able to attend (produced and deposed to).

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

Alice Thomas.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-65
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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197. (L.) Alice, wife of John Thomas , was indicted for stealing 2 pewter quart pots, value 2 s. and one pewter pint mug, 6 d. the property of John Thorpe . Jan. 30 . ++

John Thorp . I keep the Queen's-head Alehouse in the Old Baily . On the 30th of January, between six and seven in the evening, the prisoner was in my tap-room; she was perceived to have something about her concealed, she was searched, and a quart pot and a pint pot were found under her cloaths, my property. We went to her lodgings, and found 7 quart and pint mugs up in a little hole above the cieling; one pint pot was mine. There were three tin things, which I imagine they melted them in (produced in court, with pewter in the insides).

George Hoey , James Dodson , Thomas English , Elizabeth Cary , and Mary Thomas , her husband's sister, gave her a good character, and declared they believed this was done through want by the ill usage of her husband.

Guilty, 10 d. W .

There was another indictment against her.

Thomas Corp.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-66

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198. (L.) Thomas Corp was indicted for stealing two dead fowls, value 2 s. and 6 d. 10 ounces of bacon, 7 eggs, 2 tallow candles, 2 Seville oranges, one lemon, and 5 apples , the property of James Jennings , Feb. 20 . ++

James Jennings . I am a poulterer , and live in Gracechurch-street , the prisoner has been a lodger in my house near a year and a half. On Thursday morning last between twelve and one o'clock, the watchman knocked at my door and called me; I came down and met the prisoner upon the stairs; I opened the door; the watchman insisted that the prisoner should be brought down, and searched. We brought him down, and in his pockets we found 2 dead fowls, two candles, two oranges, a lemon, some apples, and some eggs; the watchman said he had carried something up stairs; I went up and found a slice of bacon, we matched it to the place where he had cut it off.

Q. Do you trade in these things?

Jennings. I sell butter and eggs, fruit, and a great many things. I wish those things were all he had stole.

John Godfrey . I am a watchman. Between twelve and one o'clock that night, I saw the prisoner go into the prosecutor's house, and bring out a candle and light it by another watchman's candle; when I came round again, I saw a light in Mr. Jennings's shop, I looked thro' a place in the window, I saw him untie a hamper of fowls, and take the fowls out, and put them into his pocket; then he went to a slitch of bacon, and cut a slice; after that he came towards the fore-door, and took off a Salmon-kitt, and from underneath took a bunch of greens, and a cole-wort; then he went into the cellar, I looked through a large grate and saw him take some large apples out of a place; after he had stuffed out his pockets, he went up stairs; I knocked at the door as loud as I could; Mr. Jennings looked out; I said, I want to speak with you, there is something amiss; before Mr. Jennings came down, the prisoner came and opened the door; he said have you no light? I said no, Sir, be so good as to stop until Mr. Jennings comes down; when Mr. Jennings was got about half way, the prisoner wanted to get up by him. I said to Mr. Jennings, do you allow any body to ransack your shop in the night time? he said, no; but I have lost things many a time. I said, this man has got something of yours now, in his pocket; I insisted upon his coming down; he would not: I took him by the arm, and pulled him down on his breech, and got him into the parlour. We turned his outward coat on one side, and the heads of the fowls hung out of his pocket: there were the things mentioned in the indictment found in his pockets. I told Mr. Jennings where he took the bunch of greens, and savoy from, and the bacon; he went up and brought down the slice of bacon, greens, and savoy.

Prisoner's defence.

That evening I went home very much in liquor, as to the fowls I know nothing of them.

Q. to Godfrey. Was he intoxicated with liquor?

Godfrey. He was not; he might have been drinking. I suspected him many times before.

Q. to prosecutor. What way of life is the prisoner in?

Prosecutor. I believe is a shoemaker, or cutter-out of shoes. His wife is a very industrious woman; she maintains him, I believe; he has not earned six-pence this year and a half. He was often out on nights till three, four, or five in the morning.

Guilty . T .

See him tried for stealing shoes, cast and whipped, No 421, in Mr. Alderman Bridgen's mayoralty.

Richard Philips.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-67

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199. (L.) Richard Philips was indicted for stealing a muslin neck-cloth, value 18 d. the property of James Bowker , and 6 handkerchiefs , the property of persons unknown, Jan. 26 . ++

James Bowker . I am a turner and toy-maker , and live in Old-street. On the 26th of Jan. I and my daughter went to St. Paul's . I not having a handkerchief, took a foul neck-cloth in my pocket. When my Lord-Mayor was coming out of the church, I found the people bore hard upon me, I was on the steps on the south side of the church, with my daughter in my hand; I turned round, and saw the prisoner had my neck-cloth, putting it under his waistcoat; I seized him immediately, and took him to the Compter, the constable was sent for, who searched him, and found five handkerchiefs in his pockets and breeches (the neckcloth produced and deposed to).

Prisoner's defence.

I picked the handkerchief up.

Prosecutor. The prisoner said he used to pawn what handkerchiefs he got at one Farthingface's at the corner of Turnmill-street.

He called Thomas Smallwood , a smith, with whom he was an apprentice, William Read , and Joseph Dent , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

John Martin.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-68
VerdictsNot Guilty > no prosecutor; Not Guilty > no prosecutor

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200. John Martin was indicted for stealing a metal watch, with a tortoise-shell case, value 40 s. the property of Abraham Ofier .

The prosecutor did not appear.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted for stealing a metal watch and seal, value 40 s. the property of Seth Grosvenor .

The prosecutor did not appear.

Acquitted .

James Hamilton.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbert17660219-69
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty

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201. (L.) James Hamilton was indicted for knowingly, designedly, and fraudulently, by false pretences, obtaining from Thomas Fellowes the sum of 20 l. May 13, 1765 . ||

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted for conspiring with other persons unknown, to defraud Thomas Fellowes of divers goods to the amount of 39 l. 9 s. and 20 l. in money .

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Andrew Fitzgerald.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbero17660219-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

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Andrew Fitzgerald , capitally convicted in October sessions, received his Majesty's pardon, on condition of being transported during his natural life .

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Andrew Fitzgerald.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbers17660219-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

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The trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death, 5.

Robert Bryer , John Jewster , Sarah Stanley , William Barlow , and Francis Redmond .

Transported for 14 years, 4.

Edward Tricket , Mary Brown , William Hodson , and Louis Riviere .

Transported for 7 years, 41.

John Stafford , Thomas Kemp , William Hall , Benjamin Talbot , James Cummings , William Crawford , John Scandon , George Robinson , Thomas Corp , Richard Philips , John Walker , Joseph Lambeth , Edward Richards , Susanna M'Kenzie , James Burnham , Mary Campbell , John West , Anne Morley , William Lane , Vincent Hollis , Christian Hunter , William Penson , Henry Corbet , Eleanor Bales , otherwise Brown, otherwise Goff, Matthew Dunn , Frank Egar , John Ash , T - D -, Joshua Wells , Edward Carivan , Rose Foy , Alice Chappel , John Smith , Gerrard Byrne , William Swift , John Evans , John Donoley , Peter Triest , Susanna Yates , Mary Turner , and Thomas Berryman .

Whipped, 2.

Anne Collyer , and Alice Thomas .

Branded, 2.

James Bates , and John Stanley , the latter to be imprisoned in Newgate one year.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Andrew Fitzgerald.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbers17660219-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

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Andrew Fitzgerald , capitally convicted in October sessions, received his Majesty's pardon, on condition of being transported during his natural life .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
19th February 1766
Reference Numbera17660219-1

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These Proceedings, taken in Short-hand by THOMAS GURNEY , on the Narrow Wall, Lambeth, Author of Brachygraphy, or Short Writing made easy, &c. &c.

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