Old Bailey Proceedings.
17th April 1765
Reference Number: 17650417

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
17th April 1765
Reference Numberf17650417-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 17th, Thursday the 18th, Friday the 19th, and Saturday the 20th of APRIL.

In the Fifth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Fourth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir William Stephenson , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER IV. PART I. for the YEAR 1765.


Sold by W. NICOLL, in St. Paul's Church-yard.

[Price SIX-PENCE.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM STEPHENSON , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe, Knt. *, one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer; James Eyre , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M. Middlesex.

London Jury.

James Harris ,

Robert Howes ,

Clayton Hand ,

John Davis ,

William Brown ,

Luckyn Betts ,

Robert Ayleward ,

William Annaud ,

Thomas Browning ,

Gilbert Howard ,

Benjamin Metcalf ,

William Major .

Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Treslove ,

William Dowe ,

Benjamin Sutherland ,

John Webb ,

Leonard Bowles , *

William Smallwood ,

George Hall ,

Thomas Fellows , *

N. B. John Haines served part of the time, in the room of Leonard Bowles and Thomas Fellows.

Ellis Pugh ,

Matthew Wells ,

John Smith ,

William Dimes .

George Dutton.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-1

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214. (L.) George Dutton was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 5 s. the property of Thomas Goater , November 17 . ++

Thomas Goater . I was at St. Peter's church, Cornhill , at morning prayer, about 11 o'clock, on the 17th of November. I laid my hat on the seat in the pew where I was, and it was taken away; I know not by whom.

John Butler. I am parish clerk of St. Peter's, Cornhill: I saw the prisoner take the prosecutor's hat, as he was in a pew behind the prosecutor, as the people went on their knees. I had observed him take hats, I may say, twenty times before, and had many a run after him, but never could catch him; he came again on the 23d of March; then I secured him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had nothing about me when I was taken in custody.

Guilty . T .

H - J -.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-2
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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215. H - J - was indicted for stealing one silver mug, value 40 s. one silver milk-pot, value 10 s. and one silver dram cup, value 10 s. the property of the Rev. Paul Eters Scott , to which he pleaded Guilty . T .

Richard Swift.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-3
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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216. Richard Swift was set to the bar, and the indictment read to him, on which he was tried and convicted in May Sessions last, and received sentence to be transported for the term of fourteen years ; he owned himself to be the person therein mentioned . He was remanded back to Newgate, in order to be sent abroad till the expiration of the said term . See No. 283. in last mayoralty.

Note. He was taken up at Coventry and tried for returning, but by some-mistake, either in the indictment or record, he was there Acquitted.

Catherine Kelley.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-4
VerdictNot Guilty

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217. (M.) Catherine, wife of Patrick Kelley , was indicted for stealing a copper tea-kettle, value 8 s. a linen sheet, value 4 s. one other sheet, value 2 s, three harateen curtains, value 2 s. one cheque curtain, a pair of bellows, value 2 d. a tin boiler, value 2 d. an iron pot, value 1 s. a brass candlestick, value 1 s. an iron candlestick, value 2 d. a pair of iron tongs, value 2 d. and a petticoat, value 6 d. the property of Thomas Purney , October 2 . ++

Eleanor Purney . I am wife to Thomas Purney ; he is a skinner , and we keep a public house in High Holborn ; the prisoner and her husband lodged in a Room in our house; I was ill when the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away; the first thing I miss'd was the tea-kettle; and about three months or more after that, I went into their room and miss'd all the other things mentioned: her husband was with her all the time, and he is now in the room.

Q. Do you think he knew of the things being gone?

E. Purney. He must have known of it, for they have been going for about two or three months; some at a time; as she has since owned to me.

Q. Do you think they were carried out by his consent?

E. Purney. I should think they must; and he gave her but very little assistance as to a livelihood; he is a very bad husband to her.

Acquitted .

Frances Burk.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-5

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218. (M.) Frances, wife of Edward Burk , was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. a pair of stays, value 3 d. a linen apron, value 4 s. a linen bibb, three quarters of a yard of flowered cotton, and a linen napkin , the property of Thomas Clough , March 22 . ++

Thomas Clough . I live in Mount-street, Grosvenor Square ; the prisoner was my servant from the 18th of February; and on the 22d of March, my wife, in looking up her linen to wash, missed some; she told me of it, and on the Sunday following, she asked to go out; her pocket appeared pretty bulky; my wife insisted on seeing what she had got; she said she would not be examined without a constable; but when we were about sending for one, she pulled out of her pocket the things mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning them by name.) She came to me as a single woman, but in carrying her to the watch-house, we met a man whom she owned to be her husband.

Ann his wife confirmed the account he gave.

Prisoner's Defence.

I don't deny but that I had the things in my pocket: my mistress had the key of the room in her pocket, so that I could not carry them into the room as I intended.

Guilty . T .

Catherine M'Gee.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-6

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219. (M.) Catherine M'Gee , spinster , was indicted for stealing a lac'd linen cap, value 5 s. a pair of treble lac'd russles, value 20 s. a lac'd handkerchief, value 20 s. and twelve metal buttons , the property of Thomas Hopkins , Esq ; April 1 . ++

Thomas Hopkins . I live in Arundel-street, in the Strand : I lost from a bureau book-case in my parlour, a lac'd suit of linen, which cost 45 l. about a month or five weeks ago; they never had been washed; I went to Sir John Fielding and got them advertised, five guineas reward; after that they were brought to my lodgings, all but the tucker, by Eleanor Kendrick and Esther Coyle , for which I gave them four guineas.

Q. Did you know the Prisoner before?

Mr. Hopkins. She was at our house to take care of a child, in the place of a servant that was turned away.

Eleanor Kendrick . One Mary Mills came to me about a fortnight ago, and ask'd me if I would buy these things (The things mentioned in the Indictment

produced). She said she had them of her daughter-in-law, who had been chairing at a, gentleman's house, and they were gone away, and had left them behind: I said I would not part with them till the right owner was produc'd; I was directed to the prosecutor's house, hearing he had advertised them: that woman and the prisoner were carried before Sir John Fielding ; I know no more of it.

Esther Coyle . I was at the last witness's house when the things were brought there: I went with her to the gentleman.

John Noaks . I am a constable; Mr. Hopkins, applied to Sir John Fielding for a warrant to take up Mary Mills ; we took her up; she delivered the buttons out of her pocket; I took her, and the prisoner, who is her daughter, before Sir John; the prisoner confessed before we took her to Sir John, and also before him, that she took the things out of Mr. Hopkins's for parlour, and delivered them to the old woman to sell: the old woman said, the prisoner told her she had them of a girl of the town: in searching the prisoner's box, we found a bunch of keys.

Mr. Hopkins. There was one of those keys which opened my bureau and all my drawers.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Norman, Rebecca Grudgeworthy.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-7
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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220, 221. (M.) Elizabeth Norman and Rebecca Grudgeworthy , spinsters , were indicted, the first for stealing a linen shirt, value 10 s. the property of Richard White , and the other for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , April 5 . ++

Richard White . I live in Hemlock Court, King's-gate-street, St. Clement's : about two in the afternoon, on the 5th of April, my wife had hung a shirt on a line to dry; presently after, my eldest child going to the back-door, saw Grudgeworthy; she said she waited there for a gentlewoman: the shirt was soon missing: I went to her lodgings: they denied her.

Edward Henlon . On Good Friday I met Mr. White in a passage that leads to Chancery-lane; he asked me if I knew where Grudgeworthy was; he said he had been at her lodgings, and she was not at home: I got a young fellow to go with me to her lodging; there was a shirt, which the prosecutor owned, hanging to dry by the fire, and Norman was in the room by it: I took her and the shirt to the Swan in Bream's Buildings: we saw Grudgeworthy going by; I asked her to go and drink; I took her to the Swan; I asked her if she knew any thing, of that shirt, she said, no: she said Norman brought her to Mr. White's, saying she was going to one Mr. Martin about some business; and when she came out, she brought that shirt, but she did not know of it's being stolen.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went up stairs to enquire for one Harper, and saw this shirt lying on the floor, up three pair of stairs; I took it to Grudgeworthy's room to dry it, as it was wet.

Norman, Guilty . T .

Grudgeworthy Acquitted .

Thomas Robinson, Richard Lovell.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-8
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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222, 223. (M.) Thomas Robinson and Richard Lovell were indicted, the first for stealing a watch with a shagreen case; value 3 l. a silver watch, value 3 l. and a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 6 s. the property of James Bowen , and the other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , March 12 . ++

Jane Bowen . My husband is named James; he is a butcher ; we took in the boy Robinson out of charity, to carry out meat: he had been with us about a fortnight. On the 12th of March I miss'd the things mentioned in the indictment, between eight and nine at night; the watches used to hang on a hook in the parlour; the buckles were with the shoes, under the table; Christopher Connor brought one watch the next day, about four o'clock; he had stopped the two prisoners. I went to see the boy in Bridewell, on the other side of the water; I asked him where the rest of the things were; he said the other watch was sold, and he had had a guinea for it; but the other prisoner, the gypsey, said he sold the watch for 25 s. I asked him where the shoes and buckles were; he said Lovell had the shoes on his feet, and Lovell had sold the buckles for a crown. Lovell said that was true. Justice Dawson delivered the things to the constable: the boy told me the gypsey threatened to cut his throat if he did not bring out the bundle. (He had bundled them up in my husband's apron.) He owned he had lodged in a house where Lovell the gypsey lived, and he did belong to a gang of pick-pockets; and Lovell used to see after them; and that Lovell came to our house on the Sunday night, to see for him. I found the buckles and the other watch at the silversmith's.

John Bargess . I am a goldsmith and watchmaker, and keep a shop in the Borough; the gypsey at the bar brought this pair of silver buckles to me, about eight o'clock in the morning, the 13th of March; he said he was just come from sea: he offered them for sale, I gave him 7 s. for them; after that he said he had carried two watches to sea, for a venture, and had brought them back again: I bought one of him for 25 s. (produced and deposed to.)

Christopher Conner . Lovell, his wife, and two or three boys, the boy at the bar was one, came to my house in the morning of the 13th of March. I keep a publick-house, near St. George's Church over the water; he called me aside and pulled out a watch, and asked me if I would lend him a guinea and a half till the evening, or the next morning; I refused it: presently he pulled out a guinea and wanted change, I changed it; he went out and left the boys and his wife behind, to pay the reckoning: I desired the boys to go about their business. About two or three hours after Lovell came in again with a bad shilling, and said he had it of me, and insisted on having it changed; I knowing he never had that from me, would not change it; there was a gentleman by, who said to him, Where is that watch you had this morning? here it is, said the gypsey; the gentleman said he would give him a tankard of beer to tell him the number of it; he told us quite a different number. Then the gentleman desired I would stop the watch and man, till he got a constable; then we took him before Justice Dawson; the boy at the bar came after us, to prove the gypsey came honestly by it; but the boy soon confessed the gypsey encouraged him to steal it from his master, a butcher in Holbourn; he also confessed he had robbed his master of another watch and a pair of buckles: the gypsey pretended this watch was a gold one, but it is only silver gilt.

John Worstenhall . I am the officer: I had the prisoner in custody; as near as I can recollect, the words that have been mentioned were the words the boy and gypsey made use of.

Robinson's Defence.

I went to a house for some linen, and met with Lovell; he followed me home: he came again on the Monday night, and wanted me to do this thing; but he went in and took them all away, and gave them to his wife, and she put them into her bosom.

Lovell's Defence.

I came from Portsmouth on the Sunday morning, and on the Tuesday night this boy came to the house where I lay, and said his master had turned him away, because he staid a little too late; there were two other boys; they sent half a crown out, and got a pint of gin: I was fast asleep when he brought these things. The next morning I was going over to the Borough, to fetch some things cut that I had pawned; this boy and two others came over the water after me; he brought into a house, where I was, a breast of mutton and a quartern loaf, and asked me if I could sell him a pair of buckles: I went and sold them for 7 s. then he gave me the watch to dispose of for him; I went and asked 3 l. for it; the gentleman gave me 25 s. for it: the boy said he took the things from his father, and was going to Portsmouth.

Robinson, Guilty . T .

Lovell, Guilty . T. 14 .

Sarah Drummer.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-9

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224. (M.) Sarah Drummer , spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 6 s. a linen shift, value 2 s. a silk apron, value 4 s. two linen aprons, a pair of stockings, and a linen handkerchief ; the property of Elizabeth Mun , spinster , March 10 . ++

Elizabeth Mun . On the 10th of March I lodged at Mrs. Brown's, in Pulteney-court , in a room below stairs; I went out that day, and left my things and the prisoner in my room; and when I returned she and the things mentioned were gone: I met her one night in Prince's-street, and got her apprehended; she had one of my aprons on: I charged her with the things, she owned she had taken them, and sold the rest of them in Monmouth-street; this she also said before Justice Wright. (The apron produced and deposed to.)

Ann Simonds . I heard the prisoner own, before Justice Wright, she had taken away the things mentioned.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

Mary Jackson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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225. (M.) Mary, wife of Benjamin Jackson , was indicted for stealing a linen apron, value 14 d. the property of Joshua Holmes , March 9 . ++

Mary Holmes . Joshua Holmes is my husband: on the 9th of March I had five cheque aprons

upon a line, to dry, and when I came to take them in, one was missing: I Mistrusted the prisoner; I found it again, by enquiring, pawned in her name: the officer has the apron; his name is Matthew Frith : the prisoner was with me when I had the apron from Mary Adams , the pawnbroker: Frith said he would not come; he was to go to his feast to-day.

Johanna Eales . I went with Mary Holmes to the pawnbroker's, and saw the apron at Mary Adams 's: I knew it to be the prosecutrix's.

Frith the constable was called, but not appearing, his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Prisoner's Defence.

The yard is a thoroughfare; the apron that I pawned belongs to me.

She called Elizabeth Blundell , Ann Harris , John Dean , Elizabeth Richardson , and Sarah Smallbrook . who gave her a good character.

Acquitted .

George Wallis.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-11

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226. (L.) George Wallis was indicted for stealing four trunks, covered with leather, value 28 s. one trunk, covered with seal-skin, value 10 s. and two other trunks, value 17 s. the property of Robert Gale , February 23 . ++

Robert Gale . I am a trunk-maker ; the prisoner was my servant : I live by Fishmonger's-hall, Thames-street. On Saturday, the 23d of February, I miss'd a trunk: on the Tuesday morning I charged him with stealing it; I took him before the sitting alderman; nothing appeared: on the Saturday after I went to Moorfields, and at the house of Mr. Ealing I saw one; I asked how they came by it; the woman said it was brought by a woman (describing her to be the prisoner's wife) on the last Saturday morning, about eight o'clock; at the same time I saw another trunk there; the woman said that had been brought about a fortnight before, by the same woman: after that I saw three more, the woman said they were brought by the same woman, much about that time: on the same day I went to the other side the water, and at Mr. Mulligan's, in the Mint, I saw two hair trunks, that I knew to be mine: I knew them all by the sizes, the locks, and my own work.

Ann Ealing . I keep a broker's-shop, the Salamander, in Moorfields; an elderly woman brought three trunks to me; she said her husband was a trunk-maker: I saw that woman before Mr. Alderman Rawlinson; the prisoner there called her his wife.

Mary Anne Mulligan . A woman came and said her daughter was very ill of a fever, she wanted to sell her trunk; she said it cost her 8 s. new: I bought it; then she said her daughter's fellow-servant was very bad also, and she would bring her trunk; she brought it about three weeks after, and I bought that of her: I gave her 5 s. for one and 6 s. for the other: I saw her before the magistrate: Mr. Gale was there, and saw her also.

Gale. That woman, she speaks of, is the prisoner's wife.

Thomas Penton . I am servant to Mrs. Mulligan: I saw the woman before the magistrate that brought the trunks; it was the same that the prisoner owned to be his wife.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never took a trunk out of my master's shop, any farther than to carry them to my master's customers; that woman has passed for my wife, but she is not my wife.

He called George Brown and Margaret Dun , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

John Cook.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-12

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227. (L.) John Cook was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of John Strickland , March 27 . ++

John Strickland. On the 27th of March I was walking down Fleet-street , between six and seven in the evening; the prisoner came by me: I felt my coat jirk: I put my hand to my pocket and miss'd my handkerchief: I turned about, and saw the prisoner putting it under his coat: I lifted up his coat, and said, that is my handkerchief; he said it was not, he bought it yesterday: I said, where; he first said in Field-lane, then Fleet-lane, then Field-lane again: said I, I'll go with you to the shop; I went with him to a shop in Field-lane: the people said they never saw him before, nor ever saw a handkerchief of this pattern in their lives: I took him to the Counter, and the next morning before my Lord Mayor; there he said another person took it out of my pocket, and gave it to him, (produced, and deposed to by the letter S. upon it.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming down Fleet-street, a young man walked by me, and gave me the handkerchief in

my hand: I clapped it behind my coat, and the gentleman said I had picked his pocket: I never was guilty of any such thing in the world before: I am very willing to go abroad.

Elizabeth Sibons . My husband is a Marshal-court officer: I have known the child from a baby: I really believe this is the first fact he ever was guilty of.

Guilty . T .

Eleanor Williams.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-13

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228. (L.) Eleanor, wife of Charles Williams , was indicted for stealing nine pounds weight of beef, value 3 s. and ten pounds weight of mutton, value 3 s. the property of John Twells , March 15 . ++

John Twells . I am a hosier in Wood-street : on the 15th of last month, in the morning, I bought the meat mentioned in the indictment; it was brought home and put into the safe, about one o'clock, and about half an hour after it was gone. My opposite neighbour called, and said a woman had stole my meat; he went after her, and brought her and the meat back; it was the prisoner at the bar: she owned it was the first fact.

John Ingram . I live opposite the prosecutor: I was standing at my door, and saw the prisoner come out of his house, with the meat in her lap: I went and asked if they had sent any meat out; I was answered no, they had not: I went after the prisoner, and took her in a little street going into Foster-lane, and brought her back with it; it was a leg of mutton and a rump of beef.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was not three weeks come from Liverpool, when this happened: I had not had any kind of victuals, except a bit of bread, for upwards of nine days: I had a father and mother here, but could not find them out; the people that advised me to this live on Saltpeter-bank.

She called Bridget Matocks , Mary Rowland , and Ann Worth , who gave her a good character.

Guilty . T .

Eleanor Williams.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-14
VerdictNot Guilty

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229. (M.) Eleanor Williams , spinster , was indicted for stealing a stuff gown, value 8 s. a cloth cardinal, value 6 s. and a cloth coat, value 2 s. the property of John Taylor , April 6 . ++

John Taylor . I live in Wapping : on the 6th of April I went up stairs, to look for my cloaths, and miss'd them; they were lying on the bed about two o'clock: the prisoner was taken, with the gown upon her back, about five o'clock, in Church-lane, at Jonathan Strong 's door; my coat was found upon her bed, in her lodgings; the cardinal was pledg'd, the prisoner went with me to take it out; she produced one, but that was not mine: then she put it on, and said she would wear it, and I might go and look for mine and be d - d. The cardinal was at last found in Nightingale-lane: the pawnbroker refused to tell his name: the prisoner said one Jemmey gave these things to her.

Q. Was your chamber-door locked?

Taylor. It was.

Mary Taylor . I am wife to the prosecutor: I had the key in my pocket, of the door that was broke open: I found the things, mentioned in the indictment, were gone; a woman came, and told me she saw a woman, in Rag-fair, with such a gown on her back, and a coat upon her arm. I went with her, and saw the prisoner sitting on the step of Mr. Strong's door, with my gown on her back: I asked her if she had a black coat; she offered to strike me; my husband came, and she said she bought this gown in Scotland: the landlord asked her for the key of her room; my husband went to her lodging and brought the coat.

Prisoner's Defence.

A man that I washed for and boarded said his wife died as they were coming up; he said they were her and his cloaths, and I might take and pawn or sell them.

For the Prisoner.

Elizabeth Delforce . I live in Church-lane, at the Weaver's-arms: I heard this woman say, as she was coming out of the room, she would hang the prisoner for the reward.

Mrs. Taylor. I never said so in my life, nor thought of so doing; this evidence was there, and made herself very busy, and was always at me to make it up.

Jonathan Strong . The prisoner was at my door, with the gown on her back; she said it was her own, that she brought it from Scotland: I believe Mrs. Taylor's words were, that the law would hang her; but she said, Fetch the things, I don't want any more trouble, I'll take my things, and you may go about your business: her room was searched, and the coat found in it.

Acquitted .

Joseph Steel.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-15

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230. (M.) Joseph Steel was indicted for stealing a leather saddle, value 5 s. and two bridles, value 2 s. the property of Alexander Forrester , Esq ; March 30 . ++

Robert Gardner . I am coachman to Mr. Alexander Forrester : on the 30th of March I had been out, and upon coming home I miss'd the bridles out of the stable; this was at the Bull and Gate-yard : upon enquiring of the ostlers and coachmen in the yard, I observed the prisoner stood peeping out of another stable; the under-ostler and I examined him, and in that stable we found the bridles hid under some hay under the manger; we charged him with taking them; he owned he had taken them: he was a stranger, he did not belong to the yard.

Robert Alder . I am a saddle-maker, and live in Gray's-lnn-lane: the day before the prisoner was taken he brought an old saddle to me, and said his master had given it him; I gave him 5 s. for it, the value of it, (produced and deposed to, as the prosecutor's property.)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

Joseph Robinson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-16
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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231. Joseph Robinson was indicted for stealing three shirts and a handkerchief , the property of Mary Palmer .

To which he pleaded, Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Philip Garret.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-17
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty

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232. Philip Garret was indicted for stealing eight plates of glass, value 5 l. and four pollishing blocks , the property of William Padell .

To which he pleaded, Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Charles Magin, Alexander Rice.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-18
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty

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233. (M.) Charles Magin was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of John Weetch , March 2 . ++

John Weetch . I never saw the prisoner, to my knowledge, till I saw him before the justice: about the 2d of March last I lost a parcel of handkerchiefs out of my shop: I can't say positively to the number. About a month after Mr. Hudson sent for me; when I came there the prisoner was before him: I was asked whether I did not lose some handkerchiefs? I said, Yes. The justice said the prisoner had confessed, before I came, and described the house where he took them from; he had also told the place where the handkerchiefs were pawned: I went with the constable and him to Mrs. Adams's in Ratcliff-Highway; the boy asked for the handkerchief he had pawned; Mrs. Adams delivered one; I think it is my handkerchief; (Produced in court.) I had such a one as this in my window for two or three years.

Joseph Gofton . I am a headborough: this lad was first apprehended for stealing a watch: he told the Justice what house he had broke open, and took away a good many stockings and handkerchiefs: then he told of taking handkerchiefs from the prosecutor's house at Cock Hill. The prosecutor was sent for: we went there; the boy shewed us the place where he took them out thro' the window: then we went to Mrs. Adams's, and asked for the handkerchief; she delivered it.

Mary Adams . I keep a pawnbroker's shop; I remember the prisoner pawning this handkerchief here produced; I lent him a shilling upon it.

Prisoner's Defence.

A lad brought the handkerchief to me to pawn.

Acquitted .

234. (M.) He was a second time indicted, together with Alexander Rice , for stealing a yellow metal watch, with the out-side case shagreen , the property of Richard Edward , March 27 . ++

Richard Edward . On the 27th of March, I had a watch, as mentioned in the indictment, taken out of my house between the hours of nine and eleven in the day: I had seen it about nine o'clock. I live in the Little Hermitage, Wapping; it was brought to me again by the officer that is here.

Ann Edward . I am wife to the prosecutor; I went into the yard for about two minutes; when I returned the watch was gone, and my shop door was open.

Joseph Gofton . These lads had lodged at the house of one Talbot on Salt-petre Bank: they had given this watch to a lodger there: I was sent for to the White Lion in White Lion Street; there was Talbot; he keeps a very infamous house, the worst in our parish; he is bound over to appear as an evidence, but he will not come: there was Johnson, the man that the lads had given the watch to; I asked the lads, that is, the prisoners at the bar, how they came by this watch; Talbot had shewed it to the beadle; the beadle said Talbot had stopped the watch and brought it to him. We went before a magistrate; Talbot there produced it: Magin said Talbot had

knocked him down in order to run away with the watch; (his forehead was swelled) he said Talbot told him he should not have a needle's worth of the watch; and as he was running away with it, they overtook him, and stopped him; and then Talbot laid hold of them, and said he would carry the watch to an officer, and upon that he went to our beadle: this was said before Talbot's face: I said, Talbot, are not you ashamed of these things? there has been people enough hanged out of your house already; you ought to know better. The lads told the Justice where, and how they got the watch; and also of a great many more robberies they had done: they said another lad, in company with them, entered into a chandler's shop facing the Hermitage Stairs, betwixt 2 butcher's shop and some other, and when he came out he gave them the watch to sell. By this description I found the prosecutor; Magin said they carried it to a one-armed man named Johnson, who said he would not sell it for them, but would buy it; and that Talbot had got a pension ticket of Johnson's, and if Talbot would let him have the money, he would give them 30 s. then they went to carry it to Talbot, and he took it, and was going to run away with it, after he had knocked the boy down. (The watch produced and deposed to.)

Magin's Defence.

Two lads brought this watch to us to sell for them: we were in lodgings at Talbot's house; we asked a man there if he would buy it; we did not know where it came from.

Rice said the same.

Rice called William Gordon , Sarah Dixon , Godfrey William Smith , and James Wood , who gave him a good character exclusive of this.

Talbot was called on his recognizance, and did not appear: his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.

Both Guilty . T .

Mary Tooley.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-19

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235. (M.) Mary Tooley , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 8 s. and one silver watch, value 30 s. the property of William Trappel , February 13 . ++

William Trappel . I live in Hide-Street, Bloomsbury ; my wife was big with child; the prisoner being out of bread, She came to lodge at our house; she was to look after my wife in her lying in, for her victuals and lodging: when she had been at our house the third night, my wife was brought to bed about two in the morning; and about nine that evening I hung my watch up over the mantle-piece, to let her know what time she was to give my wife her stuff: I was gone to lie down; my buckles were in my shoes under a bed, in the same room: I fell asleep; when I awaked, my wife called out for something: I got up and miss'd the prisoner, my watch, and buckles out of my shoes: I found the door left open: I could hear nothing of her for three weeks ; I was speaking to an acquaintance of it; he said he could tell me where she lived: I went and got a warrant at Mr. Welch's, and went and found her in the country, about five miles from Hyde Park: we brought her to town; she seemed to be very bold; and said she had not meddled with it: all she said was, she did not like to stay at our house. She was put into the round-house that night; and the next morning, before the Justice, she said she was in liquor, and was very sorry for what she had done: she said she had taken the watch, and pawned it in Leicester-street; and had sold the buckles, where I sent and found them.

William Vaughan . The prisoner sold the buckles to me, and pledged the watch with me; she said her husband was going on board a ship, and wanted money: she had a woman with her who said the same.

Prisoner's Defence.

There was another person with me at the taking the things; she shewed me where to pawn them.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Layton.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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236. (M.) Elizabeth Layton , spinster , was indicted for stealing a brass tobacco-box, value 1 d. a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. a 3 l. 12 s. piece, and 3 s. in money, numbered , the property of William Pollard , March 25 . ++

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Homell.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-21

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237. (M.) Elizabeth Homell , spinster , was indicted for stealing 700 printed sheets of paper, part of the Tragedy of Jane Shore, value 4 s. 600 sheets of printed paper, called the Royal Preacher, value 3 s. twenty-five quire of paper, value 5 s. 100 sheets of printed paper, value 6 d. and 250 sheets of stamp'd paper,

value 25 s. the property of James Emerson , April 3 . ++

James Emerson . The prisoner was servant to a hawker of news papers; she used to come backwards and forwards to my house to fetch them: on Thursday se'nnight I miss'd about 250 sheets of stamp'd paper, which we print for news papers; after that I miss'd about 700 sheets of the Tragedy of Jane Shore; they were the title sheets: then I was told my people suspected the prisoner, as she had been seen about my stairs after the time she had been dispatched with her papers: upon this I put a person in a proper place to watch, to see who came into the room; he is here, and can give the court an account.

Henry Robinson . On the Wednesday, in the first week in April, I saw the girl at the bar with the paper; she was asked what business she had there; she said she was waiting for one of the hawkers. On the Wednesday night following I met her again at a little distance: I saw her speak to the hawker she used to have the papers of; she bid her a good night: I followed her towards my master's house; I went up into the printing-house, and ask'd my master if he had seen the girl; for I imagined she was in the warehouse: in going down to look in the warehouse, the other person, Richard Warren , was bringing her out.

Richard Warren . I laid hold of the prisoner in my master's warehouse, on Good Friday: I was placed behind the paper to watch her coming; she had laid her hand on the paper, but hearing somebody coming, she ran towards the other end of the warehouse: I took her to my master.

Mr. Emerson. She was brought into the kitchen; I sent for a neighbour; at first she would confess nothing: I told her if she would confess, it might be better for her; still she would confess nothing; I took her before Sir John Fielding ; there she denied having taken any thing: one of Mr. Fielding's men went with me to a cellar under a house in Drury-lane, where she lodged with an old woman who sold rice-milk; the first thing the man laid his hand upon, was some cuts for a Natural History (not in the indictment); I said they came out of my warehouse: immediately the prisoner went on her knees, and confessed she had taken them, and a quantity of books (we call them books, though in sheets); she confessed taking the sheets of Jane Shore , and the sheets belonging to the Royal Preacher; and mentioned two or three places where she had sold them for waste paper; the also confessed to the taking the stamped paper: by her direction we found twenty or thirty pounds weight, at Mr. Brian's, a grocer; and forty-six sheets of stamp'd paper at Mr. Phasey's: we found some paper at Mr. Davis's; all my property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I beg you would be favourable; this is the first thing of that sort I ever did.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Prince.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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238. (M.) Sarah Prince , spinster , was indicted for stealing four guineas, the money of Daniel Stebbing , in his dwelling house , February 20 . ++

At the request of the prisoner the witnesses were examined apart.

Elizabeth Stebbing . I am wife to Daniel Stebbing ; I live in St. Clement's Lane , and keep a tripe shop in Clare-market: the prisoner lived servant with me about six weeks. On a Saturday morning, I cannot tell the exact day, I had four or five guineas, a half guinea, and four or five quarter guineas in my pocket apron, which I had told over the night before, and laid under my head: after I brought it down I laid it on the dresser, and sent the prisoner to bring me a clean pocket apron; she very officiously said, she would take the money out of the soul one and put it in the clean one: I thought she had done it: I then looked upon her to be honest. I took and tied it up, with my halfpence in it, and took it roll'd up in my arms to the market. I went to turn my money out, and found but four or five small pieces of gold, called quarter-guineas, among my halfpence; all the rest was gone: I immediately ran home to the maid, and asked her what she had done with the gold; she said she had not meddled with it: My husband coming down stairs that minute, I was afraid to let him know of it. I ran away to market, without saying any thing to him: I told some of our servants of it; and said, if my husband should come to know of it, I would say I had found it again. I never searched the prisoner, nor made much to do about it; but used to say, it is strange the money should be gone so. I, about a month after, told the prisoner she had got it: she said, You lie. She was taken up about a month after for robbing my husband's till; then I spoke of this to my husband.

Daniel Stebbing . I am a tripe-man in Clare-market: I know but very little of the thing; it was kept a secret from me. I took the prisoner up for above forty guineas that I lost out of my till, which I miss'd on Sunday the 24th of March; if I say threescore, I believe I shall not tell a lie. She, at her coming, always went prodigiously ragged, with great holes in her stockings, and her shoes down at heels; and after she had been with me some little time, she was dressed out with fine fly caps, and as good things as any lady in the parish: we have an account of things to the amount of 16 l. she bought. She staid out on the 24th of March till 11 at night; I said, You keep very bad hours; She said, If you don't like it, I'll go away: She went away, and came early in the morning for her things: She had been at our house about seven weeks. When this came out, I took her to Sir John Fielding 's; she was asked how she came by the money she bought these fine things with; she said she had borrowed five guineas of her brother, and that she had four guineas of her own: the Justice told her the things cost much more than nine guineas. After that, on another examination, she said she did not borrow any money, but got all by whoreing in the streets, at six-pence and a shilling at a time.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am very innocent of it. The morning my mistress lost her money, she took her pocket upon her arm, with the money in it, and went to the shop. She sent the boy to look about the street for it, to see whether she had not dropped it: she came home, and said her husband had taken four guineas out of her pocket; this is not the first time he has served me so; he is an old rogue. Then she said Jemmy or Sam must have it; then she went to a neighbour, and asked if they had seen it in the streets.

For the prisoner.

Nicholas Luff . I live in Clare-market; the prisoner lived with me about seven months: she was a very sober girl; she took 2 l. 18 s. of me when she went away; I never suspected her honesty.

Joseph Carroll . I have known the prisoner about twelve months; I live opposite her sister; I looked upon her to behave becoming her station.

Mrs. Campaign. I have known her sixteen months; she behaved extremely well. I have not had an opportunity of seeing her in her last place.

Joseph Bagley . I have known her thirteen or fourteen months; I looked upon her to be an honest person.

Mrs. Prince. I have known her from January was twelve months; I never miss'd any thing when she was with me.

Edward Ward . I have known her from a child; I never heard any thing amiss of her.

Edward Rogers . I have known her five or six years; she has a good character: I was in the shop when my mistress came with her pocket under her arm; she shook out three or four five-and-threepenny pieces; O Lord! said she, I have lost my money, four or five guineas; then she went home, and then to a woman that keeps a pork shop, and said she had lost her money: she came to the shop again, and sent me to look in the street for it: I told my master my mistress had lost her money; never mind it, said he, may be she has, and may be not.

Q. to Mrs. Stebbing. Did you send that servant into the street to look for your money?

Mrs. Stebbing. No, I did not; I went myself.

Q. Did you ever tell the prisoner you believed your husband had taken the money?

Mrs. Stebbing. I can't say whether I did or not. I know he had never touch'd it.

Q. Did you ever tell the prisoner that Jemmy or Sam had taken the money?

Mrs. Stebbing. No, never in my life.

Q. Did you ever ask any of the neighbours whether they had seen any body pick up any money in the street that morning?

Mrs. Stebbing. No, never, my pocket was fast tied up.

Q. to Carroll. As you live opposite the prisoner's sister, how had the prisoner used to appear?

Carroll. I never saw the prisoner dress'd better than she is now *.

* That was like the common dress of a poor servant.

Acquitted .

Bartholomew Muckleroy, Lawrence Murphy, Patrick Courtney.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-23
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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239, 240, 241. (M.) Bartholomew Muckleroy was indicted for that he, on the 23d of March , about the hour of one in the morning, the dwelling-house of John Mullins did break and enter, and stealing one copper, value 20 s. twelve pewter plates, value 7 s. one iron poker, value 1 s. a

pair of tongs, value 1 s. an iron shovel, value 1 s. two beds, value 30 s. a copper pot, value 1 s. a pewter wine measure, value 1 s. a brass lid of a saucepan, value 6 d. three copper saucepans, value 10 s. two copper pannakins, three brass candlesticks, one glass in a wooden frame, one copper warming pan, one brass warming-pan, three copper tea-kettles, the goods of the said John, in his dwelling-house ; and Lawrence Murphy , for receiving, on the 26th day, the said goods; and Patrick Courtney , for receiving two beds, a copper pot, a brass pot, three copper saucepans, two pannakins, two warming-pans, and three copper tea-kettles, part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen , March 26 . ++

John Mullins . I live in Hog-lane, St. Gyles's . I am a broker, and deal in household-goods : on Sunday was three weeks, about three o'clock in the morning, the watchman knock'd me up; I got up and found the warehouse-door broke open. I got a candle lighted, to see what was missing; the padlock was twisted off, and the hasp broke; a piece of the padlock was lying on the ground: I miss'd the things mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning them.) I went and informed Justice Welch of it, and got them advertised in Monday's paper following, two guineas reward for any person that should stop any part of them: on the Friday following George Kelley came and informed me there were such things at his house: I got a searchwarrant from Justice Welch, and went to his house, in Black-horse-yard, by Nightingale-lane; there I found all the things that I have here, (producing a copper, a shovel, tongs, poker, a quart wine measure, twelve new plates, a brass cover, a saucepan) all my property, taken out of my warehouse: I lodged the things in the constable's hands. I went the night following to Kelley's, to take the thieves, but they did not come; then Kelley said he would warrant to get the men by night; we found Muckleroy, and took him and Tom Lee : Tom Lee confess'd what they had done with the things, in the Round-house. Muckleroy said there he was sorry for what he had done, saying he was in liquor, and that he was going to bring back the things again: we took Murphy after that; he said he was very innocent, and knew nothing about it. Lee told me they had carried the rest of the things to Mrs. Innis's, who keeps a lodging house at Saltpetre-bank; that is, two beds, two coppers, two warming-pans, three tea-kettles, three sauce-pans, two child's pannakins, and three brass candlesticks; and that they threw away a brass funnel, going along, and the dressing-glass fell out of his hand, going into Monmouth-street, and was broke to pieces, (it was found there the next morning by the watchman.) We went with a search-warrant on the Monday morning: they being alarmed at these men being taken, they made away with the things. I have known Muckleroy for many years.

Q. from Muckleroy. Whether you know anything amiss of me?

Mullins. I have heard a great many people, about our neighbourhood say, he ought to have been hanged twenty years ago: I know he hardly ever worked, and was almost always at the alehouse.

John Langree . I am a constable: I took Muckleroy, in Crown-court, Broad St. Giles's, and carried him before Justice Welch, and he was committed to Bridewell.

Q. from Muckleroy. He has known me many years, please to ask him my character.

Langree, to the Question. He has a very indifferent one.

Alexander Peterson . I am an officer of St. John's, Wapping: on the 29th of March, about ten at night, Mr. Mullins came to me, Mr. Kelley was with him; he produced a search-warrant, and Mr. Kelley said the goods I was to search for were in his house: I went and found the goods there. I seeing the warrant express that I was to secure the person where I found the goods, I told Mr. Kelley he must go to the watch-house; the next day I took him before Justice Welch: the justice said he was sorry I had kept the man a prisoner, for he came voluntarily, and discovered where the goods were: he was discharged; and the justice desired him to slop the people that brought the goods, if they came. On the 30th I went again to the ale-house, where they first brought the warrant to me; there was Kelley; he halloo'd to me, and said, I have one of the men here; that was Tom Lee : I went, and sat down by the lad, and said, if he knew any thing of the affair, it would be better for him to tell it; he made a confession; he said Murphy was waiting for him at London-bridge, to receive the money for the goods: I desired Kelley, and another man, to go along with me; we tied Lee's hands, and he walked before us. Murphy stood under one of the arches, Lee went and spoke to him, which was to be the signal to us to know the man; we took and tied his hands, and led him to the end of Lombard-street, there we took a coach, and went to Justice Welch. Lee said Muckleroy lived in St. Giles's; after we had secured them in the Round-house, we went, with Lee, to look for Muckleroy; he knock'd, at the door, there we found Muckleroy; we took him, and secured him in the Round-house.

George Kelley . I live in Blackhorse-yard, Nightingale-lane;

on the Wednesday after this robbery was committed I was coming from Greenwich, after I had received my pension, about two in the afternoon; there were Lee, Murphy and Muckleroy in my house: Murphy is the only person of them that I knew: after we had drank two or three pots of beer, Murphy said, do you live anywhere hereabouts? I said, Yes: said he, I have got a few houshold-goods to dispose of, that may be of use to you, or any poor man; I said, what are they? he said there are some copper pots and some plates: I said I would buy them, if they were within my reach; I told him where I lived. They brought the goods the night following, about nine o'clock: Murphy had the great copper on his head, Lee had the other parcel on his shoulder, that is, a fire-shovel, tongs, poker, a pewter pot, a dozen of plates, a brass cover, and a saucepan; when I saw them, I said, I would not be concerned if you would let me have them for six-pence, therefore take them away. Murphy seemed to be daunted at these words; then I said, if they would set a price on them, and come on the next day, I would pay for them. The next day I had an opportunity of seeing the news-papers, and found they were advertised; when they came, I put them off, and apply'd to the prosecutor, and from thence to Justice Welch: they sent Mr. Langree with me, and a warrant; then Mr. Peterson came, and they put me in the Round-house. The next day Tom Lee came, with a large canvas bag, to fetch the things away; my wife came and told me there was one of the men. I went and carried him over to an ale-house, and waited for Mr. Peterson: when he came I told him there was one of them; then we went to London-bridge, and took Murphey. We went with Lee and him to Justice Welch; after that we took Muckleroy, and lodged them all three in the Round-house. On the Monday after we went to Saltpetre-bank, and took Courtney, at the house of Mrs. Innis, according to the direction of the evidence Lee: I desired Courtney to tell the prosecutor where the the rest of the things were: he said, What do you mean that I should tell and be hanged? he would confess nothing.

Thoms Lee. On a Saturday night or Sunday morning early, Muckleroy and I went with a poker, to open Mr. Mullings's warehouse, having agreed so to do: I tried to break the hasp, but could not do it; so he took the poker and broke the hasp and padlock off: then we went in and brought out two beds. two warming pans, the copper full of tea-kettles and saucepans, and a looking-glass that we broke afterwards; there were three saucepans, three teakettles, two pannakins, a fire-shovel, poker and tongs, a dozen of plates, a brass sender, a brass lid of a pot; we had a light: these we carried away; we carried them away at twice each, and on Sunday night we carried them all to Fox-and-Knot-court, Snow-hill. On the Monday we were to meet Murphy; he came to our lodging on Tuesday evening, then we informed him how we came by these things: he agreed to take them to Saltpeter-bank, saying he could dispose of them there, and we were to have each an equal share of the money; we both told him they were advertised. The same night we took two beds and three brass candlesticks to Mrs Innis's; there Patrick Courtney took two brass candlesticks out, and pawned them, and brought in two pots of beer with the money.

Q. Did he know how you came by them?

Lee. No, then he did not: we came home again that night, and Murphy and I sat up in Fox and Knot court, to black the pots and saucepans, to make them look as if they had been used. The next morning, we took the rest of the goods in a hamper and a bag, to Mrs. Innis's, and Courtney and his wife went about to some brokers, to see if they could sell part of them. Courtney brought a broker, and when he came, Courtney bid me go out at the door: after that, they said they sold the two beds for 12 s. after that his wife said it was but 9 s. Courtney carried one of the beds away to the broker's; Muckleroy was waiting for us at the Wheelwright's arms; there we went and divided the 12 s. Murphy told me that Courtney's wife had pawned one of the small pots, for 4 s. so we divided 16 s. we had liquor and victuals, which we all paid part towards. Then we went to Mrs. Innis's, in order to take the rest of the things to Mr. Kelley's house: Courtney said, nothing should be touched, saying, he had as much right to them as we had, and he struck Muckleroy. We came away, and Murphy went back to lie there: that same evening. Muckleroy and I carried the other goods to Kelley's: he looked at them, but did not like them: he lent us a couple of shillings, and said money was short with him, but if we came in the morning, we should have the money. In the morning, Muckleroy, Murphy, and I went there; he put us off till night, but we did not go that night. On the Saturday night, Murphy and I left Muckleroy's lodgings, and went to Mr. Kelley's, to take the goods away, or be paid: Murphy would go no farther than London-bridge and said he would wait there till I came. If I had brought the goods back, we were to carry them into Kent-street, but Mr. Kelley stopped me.

Then I told them where to find Murphy, and went with them to London-bridge, where they took him, and carried him and I before Justice Welch. Mr. Welch granted a warrant to search Mrs. Innis's house, but they had taken care, to that none of the goods we left there could be found.

Q. to Prosecutor. Is this warehouse part of your dwelling-house?

Prosecutor. It joins to it.

Q. Is there a door goes out of your house into the warehouse, without going out into the street?

Prosecutor. No, there is not. There is only a door that opens into the street.

Muckleroy's Defence.

I have my landlord here, to prove I was at home that night: this is all done to swear away my life, for the reward.

For Muckleroy.

Charles Macartney . I live in Short's-gardens. Muckleroy has lodged at my house two or three months.

Q. Did you ever see Lee at your house?

Macartney. I have.

Q. from Muckleroy. Whether I was not at home that night this fact is sworn to be done?

Macartney. I know he was in my house that night, and the next morning about 9 o'clock.

Q. What night was that?

Macartney. I hear it was about the 24th of March.

Q. What day of the week was it?

Macartney. I cannot say rightly what day of the week; it was on a Saturday night I think, but am not very sure: I saw him go to bed, and he lay in bed till 11 o'clock on the Sunday.

Q. What time did he go to bed?

Macartney. Between 10 and 11; my wife and I lie in the same room, in another bed.

Q. Where did Lee lodge?

Macartney. He lodged at my house; he in one room, and Muckleroy in another.

Q. How many weeks ago is this?

Macartney. I don't know. I know Muckleroy lay at home every night he lodged with me: I was at work at home (I am a piece of a taylor). I always saw him go to bed every night.

Q. Did you see Lee often?

Macartney. I did: he lodged with me about six weeks.

Q. Were Muckleroy and Lee much acquainted?

Macartney. I cannot say whether they were or not.

Bridget Ingram . I never knew any thing of Muckleroy but goodness and honesty, all the days of my breath.

Eleanor Conder . I have known him to work very hard for his bread.

Sarah Glyn . I always looked upon him to be a very honest man.

Murphy's Defence.

I went to carry the goods to Kelly's house, at Lee's request, but did not know that they were stolen: he said they belonged to his aunt. I am but lately discharged from the army.

Courtney's Defence.

Murphy and Lee came to my father-in-law's house, about seven or eight at night; they asked me whether I could let them have a gallon of beer? Lee asked me if I could pawn some things that belonged to his aunt: I said, I could not: a woman there said she could. He gave her two candlesticks, and she went and pawned them, and they got some beer; that is all I know.

Muckleroy Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

Murphy and Courtney Guilty . T. 14 .

Christopher William Tanner, George Canner.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-24
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

Related Material

242, 243. (M.) Christopher William Tanner was indicted for that he, on the 12th of March , about the hour of eight in the night, the dwelling house of John Farr did break and enter, and steal one china punch-bowl, value 2 s. one china bason, value 1 s. two brass sconces, value 1 s. two earthen cows, value 2 s. two china swans, value 1 s. ten china cups, value 2 s. twelve china saucers, value 2 s. one china tea-pot, value 1 s. one branch of shell-flowers, value 1 s. one glass decanter, value 6 d. one bar of iron, value 6 d. one ostrich's egg, value 6 d. one leather bag, value 1 d. one pound weight of gunpowder, two pounds weight of shot, three stone bottles, and six quarts of brandy, the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house ; and George Canner , his father, for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen . *

John Farr . I live near Fishmonger's-hall. I have a house at Hagerstone : I had left the keys of

the garden with an old woman. I was informed, on the 14th of March, that house was broke open. I went and found the buffet stripped of punch-bowls, and the other things mentioned in the indictment were taken away.

Q. Had you any servants in the house?

Farr. No, I had not. I found a window up stairs had been broke, the sash was screw'd down: they had broke the bottom and upper part of the glass, in order to get the shutters open. Upon enquiring about, I was informed the boy at the bar was seen to come from my garden, with flower-roots. I got a warrant from the Bench of Justices, to take up the boy, and likewise to search the boy's father's house. When we came to Hager-stone, the boy was at play: when he saw the constable and me coming, he took to his heels: the constable went through a house to meet him, but the boy seeing that, returned, and I catched him by the arm: he sadly wanted to call his father. When we came to his father's house, the door was shut, and upon the latch; when we opened it, the father was behind the door: I saw him go out: the first thing I saw was the ostrich's egg hanging up in the house. I found the china tea cups and saucers, and punch bowl, a pair of brass sconces which were put up: after that, I found the leather bag, with gunpowder in it; the mother owned the boy brought the things all there: this was within the hearing of the boy. She said, he got them at a fire in Kingsland road: the boy said, mother, you make a mistake; I told you I got them at an auction. Said I, will they give you brandy and rum, powder and shot at an auction? In the corner of the room was a stone bottle: I said to the boy, that is my bottle: the boy said no, it is my daddy's, touch it if you dare. I said, there is Bradley, Covent-garden, if it is mine, at the bottom. I looked, and found it so. The boy said, he had assisted at an auction, and they gave him all these things for his trouble: then he began to cry, and said, they gave him them: I said, who is they? if any body was concerned with you, tell the truth, and don't accuse an innocent person. We took him to the Bull alehouse; at last he said, if I would be favourable to him, he would tell the truth: he there impeached one John Bonam , of being an accomplice with him, in breaking the house; and said, Bonam cut his hands with the sash, in breaking the window. We found Bonam in Smithfield; he threatened to kill the boy, and said, he knew nothing of the matter. We examined his hand where the boy said, and there we found a cut in his finger. When he found there was some proof against him, he begged pardon, and said, if he had known it had been my house he would never have done it; after that he said he did not know the house: he said there was a person in the neighbourhood would be bound for him for a thousand pounds; but that gentleman would not be bound for a farthing for him; he took an opportunity and slipt away from us, and got off. The boy at the bar accused one James Brodrick ; we took him up; he was committed for further examination: I could not accuse him any farther than the boy had said, so he was discharged: now the boy says that Brodrick was innocent of the fact; the justices said I must get the father: on coming home one Saturday night I met the father and mother: I took him to the Bell tavern: I asked him how long he had had these things in his custody? he said he had had them three weeks; but I had seen them since that time in my own house. The boy is about thirteen or fourteen years of age: there is no bed in the father's house for the boy to lie on. The father is a shoe-maker by trade. I have lost about half a hundred weight of iron, and I found a bar of iron in Mr. Smith's shop, by his forge: he will give an account how he came by it. (Produced and deposed to.)

Samuel Smith . About a month ago the old man at the bar brought some old iron to my shop to sell; he said he brought it from Mr. Banbridge, who kept a shop at Hagerstone. (The goods produced and deposed to.)

John Lilley . I am a constable: I found these goods, here produced, in the old man the prisoner's house.

The Boy's Defence.

Jack Benham persuaded me to go; he told me he would give me many things.

The Father's Defence.

The boy came home to me with various excuses, uncommon for a boy of his age: I am as innocent as the child in its mother's belly.

The Boy guilty of felony only . T .

The Father guilty , T. 14 .

Joseph Stringer, Henry Booth.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-25

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244, 245. (M.) Joseph Stringer and Henry Booth were indicted for stealing ten bushels of coals, value 8 s. the property of George Story and Christopher Alderson , March 11 . ++

Christopher Alderson . George Story and I are partners: I live in Lawrence-lane: On the 8th, 9th, and 10th of last month we sent to our shop in

Broker's-Row, Moorefields , thirty-five chaldron of coals: we keep a shop there for pressing. We received information that the two prisoners, whom we employed to shoot them, had stole a considerable quantity, and conveyed them to the house of James Ingram , whose door opens into the alley. I got a search-warrant from Sir John Fielding : I went, and told Ingram what I came about; he owned he had received some coals of them, and shewed us where they were, but declared he was absent when they were taken in; he requested not to be prosecuted, and said he would pay us for them: the next morning I sent James Gardner to to measure the coals: he is here to give evidence.

John Thistle . I was near Ingram's door on the 9th and 11th of March, and saw Stringer take coals out of the sacks in the cart, and give them to Booth (they were large Scotch coals), and Stringer carried them into Ingram's house: he carried them at many times.

James Gardner . I measured the coals at Ingram's, there were ten bushels.

The prisoners both denied the charge.

Stringer called Robert Wood , Abraham Partridge , William Smout , and True Jegborn.

Booth called William Hawkins and John Lawson , who gave them good characters.

Both Guilty . T .

Joseph Wacket.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-26

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246. (L.) Joseph Wacket was indicted for stealing a frock, value 10 s. the property of Felix Calvert , Esq ; and three pair of leather shoes and a pair of stockings , the property of Thomas Bentley , March 9 . ++

Thomas Bentley . I am servant to Felix Calvert , Esq; the prisoner worked in our brew-house on the 9th of March: he told me if I would leave the key of the stable he would take the dung away, on the morrow morning; I gave it him: when I came in the morning I miss'd the things mentioned in the indictment. On the 29th of March I was informed the prisoner was seen at the Whitehart, St. John's street: I went there on the 30th, with one of our stoakers, and took him: I charged him with taking the things; he denied it: at last he owned he took them, and said he hoped I would make it up as reasonable as I could: he said he sold the frock in Bishopsgate-street, for 4 s. and 6 d. and the shoes he sold sixteen or eighteen miles out of town, for 4 s. he went to a porter there, to borrow a guinea to make it up with me. I said the frock was my master's; he had better go and down on his knees to him and ask his pardon: when we came there, my master ordered him before my Lord Mayor.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was a little in liquor, and was frighted so that I did not know what I said; I laid the key in the place I had used to do.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Fish.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-27
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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247. (L.) Thomas Fish was indicted for stealing three silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. the property of Robert Salmon , privately in the shop of the said Robert , March 12 . ++

Robert Salmon . I live in Barbican , and am a silver-smith : on the 12th of March my apprentice called me down stairs, and said the prisoner had been behind my counter; he had stopped him; the prisoner said he came into the shop to sell a top of a button, which he shewed me, and that he had chucked it on the counter, and it fell down on the other side, and he went behind in order to take it up. I turned about and miss'd three silver shoe-buckles: I tax'd him with taking them, he denied it; I sent for my man and another boy, out of another shop, to be witnesses. Then I bid the prisoner unbutton his waistcoat; there I saw a corner of a buckle appear, in his left hand breeches pocket; then he took them all three out, one at a time. (Produced and deposed to.)

George Blount , the apprentice, confirmed this testimony.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going into his shop, and found three silver buckles, going in at the door, just in the shop.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d. T .

Elizabeth Saunders.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-28

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248. (L.) Elizabeth Saunders was indicted for stealing seven pounds weight of soap, value 3 s. the property of Joseph Walton , March 4 . ++

Joseph Walton . I am an oilman , and live in Little-Britain : on the 4th of March I had 300 weight of soap piled up in my shop, which came in that morning: soon after I miss'd a single cake. I asked my young man if he had sold any; he said no: about three o'clock I went out, and said about half an hour; when I came back again there were two cakes more gone; and with one he had detected the prisoner: I found her in the

shop: she desired I would forgive her, and said she never would do so again; she being an old offender, I charged the constable with her, and charged her with taking the other two cakes. I hearing her husband was an honest man, I applied to him, and had a cake of soap brought to me from him.

William Walton . I am a relation to the prosecutor, and his apprentice; just after the soap came in, the prisoner came in for half a quartern of tea, and while I turned my back there was a cake of soap missing; she was just gone: about an hour and half after I went in to dinner; she came in again and asked for half a quartern of tea; as soon as I had weighed it she would not have it, but would have a halpennyworth of sugar; after she was gone there was another cake missing: I went in again to dinner, and in less than five minutes she came in again, and asked for half a quartern of tea: I challenged her with taking some soap, and having some under her arm; she went out at the door: I followed her, and pulled her cloak aside; there I saw a cake of soap under her arm; there had been about half a pound cut off, at one end, for a sample: I brought her into the shop, and in two or three minutes my master came.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

John Murdock.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-29

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249. (L.) John Murdock was indicted for stealing twenty ounces of tobacco, value 10 d. the property of persons unknown, March 15 . ++

John Williams . I am a watchman on Galley-key : on the 15th of March I saw the prisoner loitering about the key; he opened the head of a hogshead of tobacco, and took out some tobacco. I went and stopt him at the gate-way; he said, D - n you, if you don't let me go I'll knock your eyes out: he threw some of it away: I took this tobacco from out of his breeches, (producing about a pound and three quarters.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going to the necessary-house, and found this tobacco behind the door.

Guilty . T .

John Evans.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-30

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250. (L.) John Evans was indicted for stealing fourteen ounces of gold and silver lace , the property of Robert Albion Cox , March 11 . ++

Robert Albion Cox . I live in Little-Britain , and am a refiner : the prisoner was my servant : I trusted him to run down some gold and silver lace, along with another servant of mine, on the 11th of March: there were 490 odd ounces of it; in that quantity I miss'd 30 odd ounces.

Q. Does it not waste something?

Mr. Cox. If wastes about half a penny weight an ounce: on complaining to the other man, he was a little uneasy; I did not examine the prisoner, he having lived with me some time: but I was informed afterwards, the prisoner had carried fourteen ounces to Mr. Spinler, in Foster-lane, to sell: this was on the 14th day. I think, in the mean time, the prisoner was out with bills to a considerable amount, which he was to pay in at the bank. Mr. Spinler came and asked me if I had not a servant named Jones: I having no servant of that name, imagined it was not my servant. When the prisoner came home, I asked him if he had been at Mr. Spinler's, or ever went by two names? he said, No: I had then no suspicion, and Mr. Spinler having seen all my servants, I then let the prisoner have bills, to the amount of 300 and odd pounds, to go out for payment: I began to be very uneasy, as I understood he had not paid the other money into the Bank. I sent my apprentice out, who soon overtook him, and brought him back; then Mr. Spinler came to my house, and said, this is the man that brought the silver and gold lace to his house; he was confined in my house, and in the morning he confessed to me, the constable, and another of my servants, that he had robbed me of fourteen ounces odd pennyweight, which he had sold to Mr. Spinler the day before; the money he had secreted between his shoe and stocking: after this he confessed it before Sir Samuel Fludyer .

Mr. Spinler. I am a refiner, and live in Gutter-lane. On the 11th of March, the prisoner brought 14 ounces of gold and silver lace, and sold it to me. (Producing it.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought this lace at the other end of the town; master saying he would let me go about my business, if I would confess, so I did say so.

Prosecutor. I promised him lenity, but not to let him go about his business.

He called Margaret Thomas , at whose house he lodged, and Ann Burnet , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Dukes.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-31

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251. (L.) Elizabeth Dukes was indicted for stealing a mahogany tea chest, value 4 s. with tin cannisters, value 2 s. six silver tea-spoons, value 4 s. 6 d. a pair of silver tea-tongs, a silver tea-strainer, a linen apron, a linen cap, and a linen handkerchief , the property of John Duffin , March 9 . *

Honour Duffin . I am wife to John Duffin . My husband is porter to the Honourable Society of Lincoln's-Inn. On the 9th of March, in the evening, I found I was robbed of the things mentioned in the indictment: the prisoner was taken up, and she confessed she had taken them. I found the handkerchief pawned at Mr. Slayter's, in Shoe-lane, for 2 s. and four tea-spoons pawned at Mr. Day's, facing St. Andrew's church, Holbourn, for 3 s. 6 d. and an apron and cap for 2 s. she said she would not tell where the tea-chest was pawned, if the justice would give her 50 guineas; but said it was pawned by a woman that was living. She said I should have my chest and all my things, if I would not prosecute her.

William Warre . The prisoner pledged these four tea-spoons to me, in the name of Dukes, on the 9th of March. (Produced, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

John Fletcher , the constable, deposed to her confession before the Justice.

Guilty . T .

William Turner.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-32

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252, (L.) William Turner was indicted for stealing 14 yards of muslin, value 5 l. the property of Thomas Nash , John Eddowes , Peter Martin and Joseph Barnard , October 8 . *

James Vinie . Messrs. Nash, Eddowes, Martin and Barnard, are linen-drapers and partners. I am their servant: the prisoner was employed as a porter to them. About the month of October last, a piece of muslin, of about 14 yards, was missing, I had no reason to suspect the prisoner, till by his wife's information of it, and where it was pawned, where I went and found it. (Produced and deposed to, as the property of the prosecutors.) It was pawned in Trinity-lane.

Q. Is it a whole piece?

Vinie. I believe it is. Here is a character-mark upon it: the mark of the sellers.

James Phesent . I keep a public-house, in Trinity-lane. I had this piece of muslin of the prisoner at the bar: he wanted to borrow five guineas, and said he would leave something in the room of it, till he came again: I never looked at it. I knew he used to by goods of his masters, to sell again, and had for a year and a half. The next news I heard after he left it, was, that he absconded: his wife came to my house, and I told her there was a parcel: she looked at it, and said, if she knew who it belonged to, she would let them know. Then she went and let Mr. Vinie know.

Mr. Martin. We have sold the prisoner several parcels of goods, within four or five months; we have looked over our journal, and find no such piece as this entered. When we found the prisoner out, we asked him the reason for his going off? he told me, he went off for fear of having this piece of muslin found. Two or three of our servants now in court heard him say this. (He takes the piece up.) I believe this is our property.

Q. Can you swear you never sold it?

Martin. I cannot pretend to swear that. We advertised it, and the prisoner confessed he went off, for fear of its being found: he knew we should not have troubled him, on account of a debt he owed us. He owned also the same at the Mansion-house.

Q. to Vinie. Can you say this piece never was sold by any of the servants to the prisoner?

Vinie. To the best of my knowledge, it never was. As one piece was missing, by looking over the books, the prisoner was naturally asked the question, whether he knew of the going of it, as well as others? It rested a fortnight, or three weeks, till such time it was advertised: after that, he went off.

Prisoner's Defence.

Mr. Martin and I have had several dealings together; the last parcel of goods that I had, this piece came home in the parcel: I looked upon it as my property, so I pledged it for five guineas.

For the Prisoner.

Timothy Cox . I have known him six or seven years; I take him to be as honest a man as any in the world.

John Wilson . I have known him about twelve years; I never heard any thing of him before this, but what was that of an honest worthy man.

Anne Wilerton . I have known him fifteen years: I never heard to the contrary, but that he was an honest man.

James Brown . I have known him about eight or nine years: I always took him to be a very honest man before this affair.

Mary Willis . I have known him about a year and a half; I never heard but that he was a very honest man.

Joseph Mackaness . I have known him near two years; he had a very good character before this.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Jones.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-33
VerdictNot Guilty

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253. (M.) Elizabeth Jones , spinster , was indicted, for that she, on the King's highway, on Mary Halfpenny did make an assault, putting her in bodily fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person a guinea and 2 s. in money numbered , the property of Bailey Halfpenny , March 22 . *

Mary Halfpenny . I am twelve years of age.

Q. If you should say falsely, what will be the consequence?

M. Halfpenny. If I do, God Almighty will d - n me; but I will speak the truth.

Q. Where does your mother live?

M. Halfpenny. She lives on Artichoke-hill.

Q. What is your father?

M. Halfpenny. My father is a coleheaver.

Court. Now take care, and say nothing but what is exactly true.

M. Halfpenny. I will. On Thursday before quarter day last the prisoner said, Molly, will you go with me out of Rosemary-lane, to see my sick mother? going through an alley, first she said, Will you give me that money you have in your pocket? I said I can take care of it myself: she then knock'd me down, and took it out of my pocket.

Q. What did she take out of your pocket?

M. Halfpenny. She took a guinea, two six-pences, a shilling, and some halfpence.

Q. How came you by that money?

M. Halfpenny. My mamma gave it to me, to carry home, to put in a drawer to pay a quarter's rent.

Q. Had you told the prisoner any thing about the money?

M. Halfpenny. No: I had not.

Q. What did she knock you down with?

M. Halfpenny. With her fist; I arose up again, and ran from her, and cried out she had robbed me; she was going to stamp upon me.

Q. Where did your mamma give it you?

M. Halfpenny. In Rosemary-lane; here is the woman who was with my mamma then.

Q. Was it in a house, or in the street?

M. Halfpenny. It was in the street.

Q. Was the prisoner with you there?

M. Halfpenny. She came to me two or three minutes after my mamma gave it to me.

Q. Did she see your mamma give it to you?

M. Halfpenny. I believe she might.

Q. What time did the prisoner take the money from you?

M. Halfpenny. It was between six and seven in the evening.

Q. Are you sure it was the prisoner at the bar?

M. Halfpenny. I know it was her; I followed her all the way, till she was taken up by Shoreditch church.

Q. Did you keep sight of her all the way?

M. Halfpenny. I did; I never lost sight of her: I called out she had robbed me, and a gentleman charged a constable with her.

Q. Did you know her before?

M. Halfpenny. No: I did not.

Cross Examination.

Q. Do you do any business?

M. Halfpenny. I go out to service.

Q. Do you say you never saw the prisoner before?

M. Halfpenny. I never saw her before?

Q. Was your mother sent for to you?

M. Halfpenny. She was.

Q. Did not your mamma say to you, you was a naughty girl, she had not seen you from eight that morning?

M. Halfpenny. No; she did not.

Q. What was your mamma's business in Rosemary-lane?

M. Halfpenny. My mamma went to buy a bit of meat.

Q. What time did she go there?

M. Halfpenny. She had been there all day, till she sent me home with the money.

Q. What did you say to the prisoner, when she asked you to go with her?

M. Halfpenny. I said yes, I would, with all my heart.

Q. What words did she make use of?

M. Halfpenny. She said, Polly, Will you go along with me?

Q. Then she knew you before?

M. Halfpenny. I thought she did by that; we went into the Hackney road, and I thought it might be some of the neighbours.

Oliver Welch . The child came crying to my house, and said the girl had robbed her. ( I am a constable and live in Shoreditch.)

Q. When was this?

Welch. This was a month ago, to-day, I believe: I took the prisoner in custody; there came up a marine, and said the prisoner had some of his money; he searched her, and got 8 s. 6 d.

which she owned was his property; he took it from her; she denied seeing any money of the girl's; I found only that 8 s. 6 d. upon her; when the girl's mother was sent for to the watch-house, she said her daughter had not a farthing in her pocket, only six pence.

Mr. Slipper. I happened to go to a public house; I saw the house in confusion; I enquired the reason of it; there was a marine, and some women that appeared to be girls of the town: the marine said he had been robbed of upwards of 30 l. by the woman at the bar; she was then in our watch-house in Shore-ditch: I said, How came you by so much money? said the marine, I received it at the pay-office, and have been along with her, and she has robb'd me of it: When the mother of the girl was sent for, she came, about ten at night; I desired she might be kept from the daughter; I said to the daughter, How much money has this woman robb'd you of? she answered, of a guinea, a nine-shilling piece, and eighteen-pence (three six-pences): I said, How came you by so much money? she said her mother gave it her: I asked her where her mother lived; she said she keeps a shop in Rag-fair; but lives somewhere in Ratcliff-Highway; she said her mother gave her that money in order to lock up, to pay the rent, and not to let her father see it; for he is a coal-heaver, and a very drunken man. I said, Why did you go with this woman? she said she knew her very well, she had been servant with her mother three days; that she came to the shop that afternoon, and saw her mother give her the money, and she inveigled her to go with her to see her mother in Shoreditch: that she went with her, and she brought her up some turnings, and asked her for the money, and knocked her down, and took it from her. When the mother came, I spoke to her; the girl said, don't you speak to my mother; she will go into fits, and I shall also fall into fits: I said to the mother, Pray, good woman, where did you see your daughter last? she looked, and said, O! there she is! O you impudent wretch! I have not seen you since eight o'clock this morning; how dare you be out so long. Said I, Does she often go out? She said, Yes, too often. Said I, Do you trust this girl with any money? she said, No; I have none to trust her with: said the girl, Did not you give me a guinea? said the mother, I have not a shilling in the world: said the girl, Don't you remember you gave me a guinea? O! said the mother, I gave you two guineas; I hope you have not lost them: Yes, said the girl, Bett Jones has robb'd me. Then said I, are not you a wicked woman, to behave in this manner? then the mother sham'd fits. I never in my days saw so iniquitous an affair.

Q. What are you?

Slipper. I am school-master at Shoreditch.

Q. to the daughter. You said, when I asked you if you knew the consequence of an oath, that if you did not speak truth, God Almighty would d - n you; do you consider what that is?

Girl. Yes.

Q. How could you dare to give such an account as you now have done, that appears entirely false?

Girl. Sir, indeed she took and knock'd me down, and took the money out of my pocket.

Court. You said you did not know her before, and you told that witness you did know her.

Girl. I never said I knew her before.

Court. I expect you will tell me who set you to say as you have done: there is no way of saving yourself in this world or the next, but by telling the truth: I expect you will tell me directly.

Girl. No body but myself, indeed, Sir.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am clear of every thing.

The mother to the girl. I desire to be examined.

Court. Here are two people swear positively against what your daughter has swore; and if I find you are perjured, I shall immediately commit you; so consider of it: you declared you gave the girl no money at all till she talked to you. Do you know the prisoner?

Mother. I can't say I know her.

Q. Did she live servant to you.

Mother. She did once; that was three days.

She declined being sworn.

Acquitted .

John Stone.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-34

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253. (M.) John Stone was indicted for stealing a truss of hay, value 16 d. the property of Thomas Goodwin , March 23 . *

Thomas Goodwin . The prisoner was my servant ; I am a carman .

Samuel Bowyer . I am a carman; on the 13th of March, between four and five in the morning, I came into the yard, and saw the prisoner come out of Mr. Goodwin's stables with a truss of hay;

he carried it to Mr. Dix's Stable: he is a carman likewise; (he is run away).

Charles Haswell . Mr. Goodwin gives me leave to lie in his hay-loft: I saw the prisoner carry a truss of hay to Dix's Stable in the morning; I don't know the time; I saw him do it two or three mornings.

Prisoner's Defence.

The man came to me about ten at night, and told me my master had given leave to send him a truss of hay.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Price.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-35

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255. (M.) Elizabeth Price , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, set with Bristol stones, value 5 s. a silver teaspoon, value 6 d. an eye-glass, mounted in silver, value 6 d. twenty-two guineas, and three half guineas , the property of John Denmead , April 5 . *

John Denmead . I was a waiter to Mr. Almack, and now live under the long room, King-street, St. James's : I take care of the assembly-room there. On the 5th of April I miss'd twenty-two guineas and three half guineas out of a bureau in the closet: I don't know that any body goes there besides myself. She had been servant to me seven weeks; I discharged her the day before I miss'd the things. I had eleven guineas brought to me by Jonas Fox . I went in search of her, and found her in Brewers-street. I brought her to my house; all she owned was, that she had not taken so much as I said; she said she took only fifteen guineas and a half; and that she owned she had taken: when the young man delivered me a half-crown, she arose up, and said, That never was your's; so I gave it her: before she went to the Justice she said she had received 25 l. from a person in Wales; but before the Justice, she said she had only twelve guineas.

Jonas Fox . I am an apprentice at the St. Alban's tavern. On the 4th of April, the prisoner at the bar sent a chairman to me, desiring me to come to St. James's Square, not in any house; she told me she had received upwards of twenty guineas from Slough: and she desired me to take eleven guineas and half a crown, and these buckles and glass, and I might do as I pleased with the money. I have known her near twelve months; I believe she had not left Mr. Denmead's Service then; she said she was to come away that evening; Mr. Denmead's man came and enquired of me about her; I asked what was the matter; I observed he was slurried: he said she was in custody: I having received these the day before, went and carried them to Mr. Denmead. (The things produced and deposed to.)

Prosecutor. I found this tea-spoon in the prisoner's box ( producing one), my property.

Prisoner's Defence.

All that the young man says is very true: I had that money of Mr. Williams; he has taken lodgings at Lambeth, and is now out of town; but will be back in a day or two: the buckles I have had six years; they were made me a present of before I left Wales; my father is a Justice of the Peace there. When my mistress was ill, I gave her some stuff in that spoon, and put it in my pocket instead of my own.

Guilty . T .

Mary Cox.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-36
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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256. (M.) Mary Cox , widow , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 2 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 12 d. a copper saucepan, value 12 d. the property of Michael Lyon , in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c. March 2 . ++

Michael Lyon . I live in St. James's : I let the prisoner a lodging about four months ago, at two shillings a week, up one pair of stairs, ready furnished; the goods were not all in the room; she had no fire-place in her room; and nobody in the other room but a single man: she ran away about the 3d or 4th of March; the same night I missed a pair of sheets, a copper saucepan, and tea-kettle. I met with her about eight or ten days after, and asked her what she had done with the things: she said she would bring them back again: I took her before Justice Welch; she confessed she had taken the things, and told me where she had pawned them, in St. Giles's, where I went and found them.

Elizabeth Turner . I am servant to Mr. Grubb, a pawnbroker; the prisoner pledged these sheets, sauce-pan, and tea-kettle, with me, between the 23d of February and 2d of March. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor).

Prisoner's Defence.

I have been sick a great while, and was forced to make away with all manner of necessaries of my own: I had a daughter sick at the same time,

and a child died in the hous e: I did intend to make these good again; but times were very hard.

Q. What way of life was she in?

Prosecutor. She sold gingerbread and oranges, in a very poor way, little better than a beggar.

E. Turner. I have known her twelve months; I believe real necessity drove her to it: I never knew any thing but honesty and sobriety by her.

Guilty . B .

William Hornsby.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-37

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257. (M.) William Hornsby was indicted for stealing two saddles, value 30 s. the property of John Simms , Esq ; April 13 . ++

John Wilsworth . I live with Mr. Simms: last Saturday morning, when I got up, I found the stable door broke, and two saddles gone; I had seen them over night.

Q. Where is the stable?

Wilsworth. At Islington .

Joseph Pearce . I am an officer at Stratford: I was called upon last Saturday to detain a thief; he was suspected to be such, by offering saddles to sale about the streets under price. I took the prisoner in custody, and asked him what authority he had to sell the saddles; he said they were not his own, but belonged to the hostler at the White Horse and Leaping-bar, Whitechapel: not having an opportunity to go to a magistrate directly, we sent to know if there was such a person; but there was no hostler at that house: before the magistrate he said he found the two saddles in a ditch, as he was coming from Islington to Moorfields, covered with dirt; he was committed for farther examination: on the Sunday morning I went on horseback to Islington; the hostler at the Angel inn said, he recollected a Gentleman had lost a saddle or saddles; on farther enquiry we found out Mr. Simms; upon my telling him the affair, he came to Stratford and owned the saddles; his servant and a constable from Middlesex came with a warrant, and the prisoner and saddles were committed to their care.

Stephen Ruddle . I saw the prisoner offer two saddles to sale, to Mr. Preston, at half a guinea a piece.

Thomas Preston . I desired the prisoner to let us know the man's name he had the saddles of; at first he said it was John Edwards; then he chang'd it to Thomas James; after that he said he found them in a ditch.

'Squire Simms. The saddles that I saw at Stratford are my property.

Prisoner. I leave it to the Gentleman.

Guilty . T .

Sarah Bayless.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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258. (M.) Sarah Bayless , spinster , was indicted for stealing a looking-glass, value 2 d. a copper pottage-pot, value 4 d. a copper sauce-pan, value 4 d. a copper tea-kettle, value 2 d. and a flat iron , the property of John Booth , March 19 . ++

John Booth . A gentleman took an apartment of my wife; the prisoner was his servant ; the things mentioned were part of the furniture of the room, and some were to be used by the other lodger. On the 29th of March, she had quarrelled with her master, and, he desired a padlock might be put upon the door: my wife went into the room, and missed the things, and desired the prisoner to bring them again; she was taken up the first of April, and carried to the house of George Bulmore , but would not tell where the things were; they were afterwards found at Bulmore's house.

George Bulmore . The prisoner came and lodged with a woman that lodged in my house; there were some things brought to my house; Mr. Booth came and desired me to stop the woman; I did, and heard her own before Justice Girdler, that she brought these things out, but did not say from where. (The goods mentioned in the indictment produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor).

Bulmore. They were concealed under my roof.

James Whiskey . I am an officer; I took the woman up with a warrant; these things were produced, and she acknowledged she had them from Mr. Booth's room.

Prisoner's Defence.

My master thought I had a right to take the things out; I took them out in order to wash my master's linen.

For the prisoner.

Mr. Kinsey. The truth of the case is this She is a woman that has too much spirit; with regard to taking away feloniously, that is entirely

out of the question; she took these things and made use of them for my use: I told Mr. and Mrs. Booth their things were ready to be produced, and will be produced; we shall go to the other end of the town, and you shall have them at our return. There is not a woman in the kingdom more honest than the prisoner, (this is the truth); her imprudent behaviour to Mr. Booth has occasioned this: I told him I was ready to make him satisfaction, with respect to the padlock. She was not at home, to have a fire for me, and I told her she should be no longer with me: I came home and got a little tipsey. and said, Mr. Booth, be so good as to put a padlock on the door, she shall come no more here.

Q. For what purpose were those goods carried out of the lodging-room?

Kinsey. She washed my linen with the woman where she lodged, and she had these things for that purpose.

Q. Could the tea-kettle be of use in washing your linen?

Kinsey. She had the tea-kettle to boil the water, because the woman where she was had none: it was to boil the water to wash the linen in: these are the facts and truth of the case.

Q. Did you authorise her to take away these things?

Kinsey. I do not say I did.

Q. Did she take them away with your knowledge?

Kinsey. I don't say that. I desired her, as soon as she had done her business, to carry them home; she had no authority from me to take them away: as to the feloniously taking away, it is entirely out of the question; I don't think she would wrong a worm.

Q. How came you to lock her out?

Kinsey. As long as I had things convenient for me, I did not care whether she was in or out of the room.

Q. As the tea-kettle was taken out of your room? how did you manage for your breakfast?

Kinsey. I breakfasted at the coffee-house; sometimes I am at one place and sometimes at another; sometimes I breakfast at Grosvenor-square: in case there was a bad intention I would not appear here on any consideration.

Q. Do you recollect Mr. Booth going into your room, and missing the things?

Kinsey. Mrs. Booth broke open my door and searched the room; I don't remember her missing the things: I don't know any thing about it: I had this room only for sleeping.

Q. to Bulmore. Whether the things were made use of in your house for washing?

Bulmore. I know Kinsey was blowing the fire one Sunday morning, to light it, while my wife was ironing of a shirt.

Acquitted .

Ann Fitzgerald.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-39
VerdictNot Guilty

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259. (M.) Ann, wife to John Fitzgerald , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. a copper saucepan, value 5 s. two flat irons, value 3 s. two pillows, value 6 s. and two pillowbiers, the property of Thomas Walley , in a certain lodging-room, let by contract by him to the said prisoner , March 30 . ++

It appeared the prisoner and her husband went into the lodging, and lived there together; and where that is the case, it is impossible to say the wife contracted: If it is said she did, it is the act of the husband. The indictment ought to have flated this to have been let to the husband, to have been used by the husband and the wife; but as the indictment stands, it was not made out in point of fact.

Acquitted .

John Bryan.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-40
VerdictNot Guilty

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260. (M.) John Bryan was indicted for stealing one hundred pounds weight of iron, value 4 s. the property of William Smith , January 20 . ++

William Smith . I am a bricklayer ; about the latter end of November was twelvemonth the prisoner came to my house and asked for a lodging: I granted him one; he said he had but twopence in the world: I gave him a bit of victuals for his supper: he said he was very willing to go to work, being just come from on board a ship, and had money due, but no credit. I trusted him with my keys, and he looked after my horses: I believe, about the 25th of January, my wife and he had a few words; she said he should not be in the house any longer. The second day after he was gone I went to look into a chest, in which were old iron, spike nails and other things; all was gone, a large quantity.

Q. Where do you live?

Smith. I live in Shoreditch : I went to look about among the brokers, and saw a pair of steelyards at Mr. Sage's, near Holloway-mount; there were also some small spikes, and other things; he told me what sort of a man he bought them of, which description answered to the prisoner. I got a warrant of suspicion against him; as soon as he saw me he ran like a race-horse; we have seen him run five or six miles round Hackney-fields: we were after him a great many times. An

officer that had a writ against another man said, I can take your man, if you can let me have his name with the other man in a writ: I'll soon catch him: this was last November or October; he was put into a writ and taken, and put into Whitechapel gaol. I got him discharged, not wanting the debt so much as I wanted him; they turned him out before the constable could come with the warrant, so I lost him again: I was at Guild-hall last Tuesday was three weeks; he was brought there by the city constables; he said, God bless you, Mr. Smith, do not say any thing: I went before the sitting alderman, and charged him with stealing my iron; he owned to it all.

Q. What were his words?

Smith. He said he did not deny it; but I had made a debt of it.

Mr. Sage. I am a broker in Shoreditch: I bought these steelyards of the prisoner, about a year ago, (produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Prisoner's Defence.

He desired me to give him a note of hand for forty-three shillings, and said he would make it up with me; he sent me to Whitechapel gaol, and kept me there seven weeks: then I sued for my groats; he desired me to give him a fresh note of hand; I did, and he let me out of gaol; he arrested me upon the first note a little before last Michaelmas; the fresh note was for 3 l. 19 s. 9 d. I was to pay him at a shilling a week.

Q. to prosecutor. Is this truth, that the prisoner has been saying?

Prosecutor. I never had a first note of him: I did not arrest him upon a note.

Q. Was he seven weeks in prison?

Prosecutor. No, he was not upon my suit; he never gave me any notice for the groats.

Q. Did he give you any note?

Prosecutor. He gave me a note when he came out.

Q. How long was he in gaol on your suit?

Prosecutor. They had him in gaol some time before I knew of it; as soon as I knew he was in gaol I went to him.

Court. That is not answering the question.

Prosecutor. I will not take upon me to say how long he was in gaol.

Q. Tell as near as you can?

Prosecutor. I believe it was not quite a month: we could not find the warrant, was the reason he lay in gaol so long.

Q. What was the note for?

Prosecutor. The note was for 3 l. the lawyer desired me not to turn him out without a fresh note.

Acquitted .

William Row.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-41

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261. (M.) William Row was indicted for stealing twenty-two yards of printed linen, value 30 s. the property of Anthony Brown , Henry Clare , and James Loten , April 14 . ++

Anthony Brown . I am in the callico business , in partnership with Henry Clare and James Loten . The prisoner worked in the country with us, at Martin in Surrey: I live in London. I had notice brought me last Sunday, in the evening, that there was a person with a piece of printed linen, twenty-two yards; that the marks at both ends were cut off, and that the man worked with us, and had acknowledged it to be ours; he was in the watch-house, by Ratcliff-Highway: a printer who had seen it, and knew it was not finished, came and informed me of it. I went the next morning; the prisoner acknowledged he took it from our yard, (produced in court,) about twelve o'clock at night: it is our pattern, we don't know of any body that has got the same: the pieces are always marked at each end. There is the draper's mark, the king's stamp, the progressive number, and the workman's mark that prints it; these are torn off.

Henry Juice . I live in the New-Road, near Wellclose-square: on Sunday last, about two or three o'clock, the prisoner went by, with this cloth under his coat; he asked me if I would buy it: I said, let me look at it. I sent for a headborough, and took him in custody, and put him in the watch-house, and on the Monday morning he was taken before the justice; there he confessed from where he took it: there was twenty-two yards and a half of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

This is the first time; I have a great family of children.

Guilty . T .

John Dagenant.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-42

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262. (M.) John Dagenant was indicted for stealing three pair of leather shoes, value 3 s. the property of William Williams , March 19 . ++

William Williams . I am a shoemaker , and live in Rosemary-lane : on the 19th of March I was at supper; there came a man into the shop, and said, have you lost any thing? I looked, and saw the ends of two shelves stripped; said he, there are two shabby men gone by just now, they had some shoes, and said they would go and put a couple of pair on: we went after them, and found the prisoner putting a pair on; the other was a lusty man, he ran away: we brought the prisoner to the watch house; we found a new pair on his feet and two other pair lying by him, my property, (produced in court): the prisoner said the other man was named James Macklee .

Robert Steward . The prisoner was brought into the watch-house by Mr. Williams: he said he had had the shoes he had on for a month, but they were not dirty.

David Peters . I was coming home between nine and ten in evening: I live in a court by Mr. Williams's; a gentleman went to his door and said, have not you lost some shoes? Mr. Williams looked upon a shelf, and said he had lost a great many: he and I went to look for the thieves, and by Alderman Parson's gate we saw the prisoner and another sitting: I took hold of the prisoner, the other ran away: we took the prisoner to the watch-house, with a pair of shoes on his feet, and there were two pair lying by him; they had more shoes: the other man was buckling a pair of shoes on.

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked up a pair of shoes at the corner of Abel's-buildings, and another pair a little farther on.

For the Prisoner.

Rebecca Stow . I have known the prisoner above eight years; he is a very sober, honest lad; he never was guilty of such a thing before: he is an apprentice; his master is now at Chatham, or he would have appeared for him.

Guilty . T .

See him admitted an Evidence, No. 343. in last Mayoralty.

Martha Richardson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-43

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263. (M.) Martha, wife of Thomas Richardson , was indicted, together with three others not taken, for stealing 100 pounds weight of raw

silk, value 100 l. the property of John Sharrard . ++

John Sharrard . I am a silk-throwster ; the prisoner has worked some years for me; I carry on a very large manufactory in Goodman's fields , where I employ near a thousand people: I have, within two years, found I lost a great deal of silk, but could not tell which way it was gone: I believe I have lost a thousand pounds worth of silk within a year, taken at various times: I was very exact in my accounts, and complained to my people that I was robbed; still I lost more and more: I came to a resolution, if I could not find it out, to close up that manufactory and drop it. I was taken ill, and was in my bed, when the prisoner was detected with seven bobbins in her pocket; she was brought to my bed-side, she went down on her knees, and owned she had robbed one of the best of masters, and begged forgiveness: she said she had carried it on by putting in empty bobbins, (we go by tale): she, to keep the tale always right, dropped in so many empty bobbins and took away full ones; this she acknowledged to me. She acknowledged she had robbed me about a year and a half, or near two years.

Prisoner. My master is a worthy gentleman, and I am sorry; I acknowledged my fault, and went down on my knees to him for mercy; but he employs thousands of folks as well as me: I never was guilty of a third part of what is laid to my charge: I own to six bobbins.

Trucella Bridges. I detected the prisoner with seven bobbins in her pocket: I saw her take them three or four times, before I told her of it: I took these out of her pocket, with her own consent. (Seven bobbins, full of silk, produced.)

Ann Hannah . I know the prisoner brought a great quantity of silk home, but I did not see her steal it; she lived with me some years: she always carried her work home very well, till near two years ago; she used to lay it by till she had an opportunity to draw it off; sometimes she would bring two bobbins, sometimes three, sometimes none all the week.

Q. Did she tell you how she came by it?

A. Hannah. No, she did not; but she must think I knew she could not come honestly by it.

Q. Were the bobbins marked?

A. Hannah. There were I. S. on them: I knew that to be Mr. Sharrard's mark, (four empty bobbins produced, marked I. S.) they were marked like these (a quantity of bobbins, full of silk, produced.)

A. Hannah. (Takes up two of them,) This silk here, came from off Mr. Sharrard's bobbins: I saw the prisoner draw the silk off.

Mary Sampson . I have seen Ann Hannah and the prisoner together, three or four times: I have seen them at the ship alehouse.

Joseph Walliton . I keep a public-house: I have seen the prisoner and Ann Hannah together several times, at my house; they used to come and cad for a pint of beer, and sometimes two, and pay and go away.

Q. Where do you live?

Walliton. I keep the Brown-bear, in Good-man's-fields, about a quarter of a mile from the prosecutor's.

Q. to Ann Hannah . What was done with the silk that she brought home?

A. Hannahs. It was sold to Mrs. Daldon and two others: I have gone to them along with her.

Prisoner's Defence.

I own to seven bobbins; as to Ann Hannah , her word is not to be taken; what I brought to her she received, and wound it off, and sold it.

Guilty . T .

John Pickett.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-44

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264. (L.) John Pickett was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of the United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies , and stealing two hempen bags, value 6 d. and 1400 pieces of silver, called dollars, value 300 l. the property of the India Company. He stood likewise charged for privately stealing the said dollars, in the warehouse of the said Company; also for feloniously stealing the same in the dwelling-house of the said Company. The indictment was also laid for feloniously stealing the said dollars, the property of Mr. Michael Salomons , in the said Company's dwelling-house: and again, for stealing the same in their ware-house

Thomas Nuthall , Esq; Solicitor to the East India Company. On Tuesday, on the 26th of March , about noon, a message was left at my house, for me to attend and enquire into the circumstances of a robbery, that had been committed at the India-house, in Leadenhall-street : I went with the chairman in the afternoon, and found the bullion-office had been broke open. The funnel, or flew, of a chimney had been broke through, in a room called the sailor's-lobby, on the ground-floor. The chimney was not finished, and was carried up

only to the floor of the tea warehouse, which was over it: the brick-work of the funnel was broke through about the middle of the chimney, and the way being forced into the chimney, it appeared that many holes had been bored by somebody within the chimney, with a large gimblet, in the floor of the tea-warehouse; which being forced one into another, a hole in the floor of the tea-warehouse was made thirteen inches and a half one way, and eleven inches the other, (several pieces of the floor produced, of deal wood, an inch and half thick, bored through in several places): these were found, as I am told, in the cavity of the chimney. There stood over that part of the floor, thus broke through, four chests of tea, one upon another, each about nineteen inches high, two feet and a half long, and twenty-one inches wide. These chests were so wedged together, that it was impossible to move them; so that after they were broke, and the tea let down the chimney, there was a necessity of getting to the top of these four chests of tea, in order to get into the tea-warehouse; the uppermost chest stood within about three feet of the top of that warehouse. The bullion-office lies on the contrary side of the tea-warehouse, which is about sixteen feet in width, and being full of tea, two chests which stood uppermost next the wall of the bullion-office, were broke in pieces, and the tea scattered about the warehouse, in order to make room to go on with the work. A hole was bored in a large piece of timber, which was fixed in the wall of the bullion-office; but not being able to get through that timber, a hole was made underneath it, in the wall of the bullion-office, which was twenty-one inches and a half thick, and the hole was eighteen inches by twenty, (I measured it:) the mortar and bricks had been drawn into the tea-warehouse; it was about five feet above the floor of the bullion-office, and was broke into a little closet which the clerk of the bullion-office makes use of, and I am told generally stands open. In this situation I found the chimney, the tea-warehouse and the bullion-office; there were produced to me, at the same time, this gimblet and an iron crow, (a gimblet of five-eighths of an inch bore, and an iron crow, three feet ten inches long, produced in court): the crow was found in the lobby, and the gimblet in the tea-warehouse; the gimblet exactly fits the holes bored in the pieces of the floor now produced. There was a bag of dollars found behind an old door, which stood against the wall of the lobby: I made a very diligent enquiry, and having no reason to suspect any of the porters of the tea-warehouse, the robbery was immediately advertised: there is a door to this sailor's-lobby, which opens into a yard where the bullion is always loaded into carts by a crane, and where any body, being in the lobby, might see the same loaded; the bullion is packed up in chests and corded. I believe that door of the lobby is always open in time of business; it is a room about fifty feet long and fifteen or sixteen wide, so is the tea-warehouse over it. I advertised the particular marks and descriptions of the crow and gimblet, but heard nothing tending to a discovery till Thursday the 4th of April, in the afternoon, when a letter came from Mr. John Giffard , who is gunner to the Albion man of war, to the India-House, giving an account that some dollars had been found in a house in Southwark, and desiring somebody from the India Company would attend at Sir John Fielding 's that afternoon. I went thither about seven o'clock, when one of these bags of dollars was produced to me by Mr. Giffard, who will give a further account concerning it; the prisoner, in whose chest it was found, being gone to Dover that morning, as Mr. Giffard, had been told at his lodgings: we sent to the Golden-cross, Charing-Cross, to enquire if any man, of the name of Pickett, had gone that morning for Dover, in the stage-coach; upon finding a man of that name had set out in the stage in company with a woman, I dispatched Mr. Giffard immediately to Dover, in order to apprehend him; he readily consented to go, and took with him one John Adams , who is frequently employed by Sir John Fielding : they brought up the prisoner, and Elizabeth Finnick , the woman who went with him. Their examination was fixed for Monday, the 8th of April, at twelve o'clock; I was present: it was a long time before the woman would confess; at last she gave an exact account of the robbery, as she said it had been related to her by the prisoner: when the prisoner was called upon, he said at first, that on Tuesday, the 26th of March, he had seen a man in Stepney-fields, hiding something in a dunghill; that he watched him, and after he was gone, he took out this bag and carried it home; and seeing the advertisements in the public papers, concerning the robbery, he thought it best to go over to France, and dispose of the dollars there; that he was born at Cherburg, in France; and that all the dollars he found in the dunghill were contained in one bag, but he intended to carry them to France at two different times, and what he had not at Dover were left in his chest, at his lodgings in Barnaby-street, Southwark: this was the substance of what he said, when he was first examined; but after the young woman had made the discovery, and was confronted with him, he said it was true that he had told her of the robbery, exactly as she had related it; but that one M'Cartey, a sailor, was the man who broke from the chimney into the tea-warehouse, and thence into the bullion-office, and stole the dollars; and that they had schemed it together, but M'Cartey had delivered all the dollars to him for sale, he not knowing how to get them off in town. He said he was present with M'Cartney in the India House, and assisted him at the time of the robbery. Some pieces of boiled beef had been found in the tea-warehouse; he said he bought that at a cook's-shop near the India House. I asked him how he came by the gimblet and crow; he said they were bought in Wapping, and mentioned, as well as I remember, that eighteen-pence was given for the gimblet and three or four shillings for the crow, but he could not tell at what shop, and that M'Cartey bought them. The young woman being asked very particularly, said she was sure nobody had assisted him in the robbery; that she knew a man of the name of M'Cartey, who had a slight acquaintance with the prisoner some time before; but that they had not been together for some time. I sent to Wapping to enquire after M'Cartey, and was told he had not been in town for several weeks, and it was supposed he was in some jail in the country (800 dollars and upwards produced in court); the three bags of dollars stolen, I understand, weighed 1200 and odd ounces. The prisoner said, upon his examination, that M'Cartey told him how he broke through the floor and wall, exactly in the same manner I have described; that the floor was broke through with a marling-spike (which was not found) and that the crow was made use of in breaking the wall of the bullion-office, and the dollars were conveyed through that hole, and down the lobby-chimney, by means of a rope (a rope produced); this rope appears to be part of some cordage that lies in the bullion-office, and is used in packing the bullion, and I understand was found in the lobby: he said M'Cartey was concealed in the chimney on the Saturday, the 23d of March, and himself behind the door, when the lobby was locked up; and that M'Cartey immediately went to work, and worked all night at it, but could not get through till about eleven on the Sunday; he also said M'Cartey was in the chimney when the lobby doors were opened, on the Monday morning, the 25th of March: he was asked why he did not mention the name of M'Cartey to the young woman; his answer was, that he had not a mind she should know that any body was concerned with him: he owned he had all along told her that nobody was concerned in the robbery but himself.

Q. What is the stile of the Company?

Ans. The United Company of Merchants of England, trading to the East Indies.

Q. Does any body live in the East India House?

Ans. Several persons live there: it is the Company's house, the secretary and all his family live in it, and other servants of the India Company.

Q. Does the bullion-office join to the dwelling-house?

Ans. It joins to the treasury, and the treasury is part of the main building; there is a door between the treasury and bullion-office, and the treasury is part of the dwelling-house.

Q. Do you call the bullion-office a warehouse?

Ans. It is a warehouse for the deposit of bullion, and is appropriated to that use; there the bullion intended for India is weighed, packed up, and marked, and sent on board the Company's ships.

William Harris . I am an officer belonging to the East India Company; I have the care of the bullion-office: I am the clerk of the office; it communicates with the India-house: there is a door from the office to the treasury; and the avenue to the bullion-office is through the house.

Q. What purpose is the bullion-office applied to?

Mr. Harris. For receiving the treasure that the Company send abroad, and also what is sent on private account. I left the office on Saturday the 23d of March, at noon, locked up; there were seven bags of bullion left in the office, which I had reason to believe were sent in on the account of Mr. Michael Salomons ; he has since acknowledged it was sent in on his account; and on the 26th I opened the bullion-office, between nine and ten in the forenoon, and perceived there were three bags missing out of the seven that I had taken particular notice of on the Saturday: I found the wall had been broke through. Then I went down stairs, into the court-room, to acquaint a gentleman with it; but he not being at home, I went to the deputy-chairman, Mr. Bolton, and acquainted him with it.

Q. Was the bullion-office secured on the Saturday, when you left it?

Mr. Harris. It was: I locked the door after me.

Q. How was the wall broke?

Harris. The lining boards or wainscot in my closet were two of them thrown against the door, and another was displaced a little; I saw a hole in the brick wall; the place communicates with the tea warehouse; I was sent to Goldsmith's hall, to have handbills dispersed; so I did not look about to see the whole of the place they had broke through.

Q. What is the value of the dollars missing?

Harris. About 335 l. they weigh pretty nearly all alike; we reckon them by weight?

Q. How much might they weigh.

Harris. The weight is about 1285 ounces; they are worth about 4 s. 6 d. each; I weighed them myself; I received them about ten days before; they came in in old bags, and we shift them into new ones, and mark them; I can say nothing to the identity of the bag; they were to be sent to India, and the returns were to be made in diamonds: a request was lodged in the bullion-office for the Company's leave to export the value of ten thousand ounces, which was granted by the court; they are exported in the Company's ships, and the Company have the custody of them till they are carried on board; I undertake to send them to the ship's husband, and he sees them on board the ship, the owner has no other care about them; they are carried in the same manner as the Company's bullion is; when the bullion is received on board the ship, the commanding officer sends up a receipt to us, acknowledging he has got the bullion on board the ship; the owner of the bullion has no more to do with it, only to tell us on which ship he will have it on board, and to what consigned, and it is all allowed to go freight free.

James Bigger . I am employed in the treasury; I remember going into the bullion-office on Tuesday the 26th of March; I was desired by Mr. Bolton, the deputy, to go into the bullion-office, and see whether it was possible for me to get through that hole that was broke through into the closet; I took off my coat, and with a little difficulty got into the hole, which introduced me into the tea warehouse; there I discovered a single dollar upon a tea-chest; I got through a tea-chest, and went down that, and then through three more till I came to the chimney; I returned back, and desired a gentleman to go down into the lobby, and I would go through to him; then I returned down to him. Upon a chest I found this gimblet or augre, and I delivered it to Mr. Harris.

Mr. Harris. I received it of that evidence, and sealed it with the company's own arms.

John M'Donald. I am one of the runners belonging to the India-house: I found this iron crow under the boards that were loose in the window, next to the gate in the saylor's lobby, on Tuesday, the day the discovery was made, between ten and eleven o'clock (Produced in court, about an ell long.) I saw a bag lying behind the door, facing the back door in the pay-office in the lobby, but did not see it open to see the dollars.

Edward Stillard . I am the company's door-keeper; I live in the house adjoining to the warehouses. On Sunday morning the 23d of March, between twelve and one, I was disturbed by something of a noise like a dead knocking; but the wind blowing very hard, I apprehended it was the wind blowing backwards and forwards the window shutters of the tea warehouse, thinking the warehouseman had not fastened them. I heard it from that time till about eleven o'clock in the day on the Sunday, at different times, sometimes louder and sometimes softer.

William Stockley . I am bricklayer to the India Company: I was sent for by order of the directors; I went up stairs, and saw Mr. Harris; I saw they had broke through from the tea-warehouse into the bullion-office; the wall is two bricks and a half thick; the boards that run from top to bottom the wainscot, was boared through, two of them were tumbled down into the bullion-office, and I took a third down that was loose. I compared this gimblet with the holes, and it fitted exactly. I built the chimney. When we came to take the chimney down, which was only carried up to the top of the ceiling; it is not cieled but boarded; it is built up quite to the boards, the top was drawn in to a foot by fourteen inches. Over the core, on the back of the sloap, a hole was made between the back and the breast, and the bricks were put in between the boards and the joists: I took the chimney down, then we made the discovery at once. In the core there was I believe half a hundred weight of tea. I compared these three pieces of the floor of the tea-warehouse with the floor, and they sitted; I found some cordage after I pulled down the chimney; after that I went to Newgate, to the prisoner; he there confest he put the cordage in the farther corner of the lobby; he likewise said he left it there; I asked him what he did with the cord; he said the bags were let down by it: I said, honest friend, Who was concerned with you in this affair? Who, said he? then he set out a hammering; he said, There is one M'Cartey; I aided and assisted him. I said, How came you to do it? Said he, I was too lusty, M'Cartey was thinner than I. Said I, How did you manage it? He said, M'Cartey said, if I would

undertake to be concerned, he would engage to go through it; that M'Cartey was up the chimney, and he was up the chimney aiding and assisting; that he scrap'd the tea down as it fell below. Said I, How could you do this, as the tea ran down upon you enough to suffocate you? He said, We did not think of the tea, we thought of being in the bullion office at once. I asked him how he got up the chimney: he gave no account of that; he said he had a pint of beer before he went in, and that was all; I said, There was some beef found; he said M'Cartey bought the beef over the way; I said, Don't you go to bring an innocent man in; it is very odd you should have all the money and he none: said he, He is a bully for the whores, and he is pretty well known, and he did not chuse to have any of the money; and that he had given M'Cartey about ten guineas. I said, That was enough to kill you, with the tea coming upon you; he said, So it was, I thought I should have died: said I, How did you clean the place? Said he, I scraped the tea all down a hole, and it ran into an arrack cellar; he said, one of the bags slipped and made a terrible noise, that I did not go to work for some time: I said, You must have a large deal of assurance: how could you carry the bags off? Said he, I carried the bag under my arm, and the rest of the money I put into my pocket: I mentioned the bag left behind: he said he was afraid to come any more, but made off as fast as he could.

John Giffard . I am gunner to the Albion man of war; I came from Chatham about the 3 d. of April; some foreigners came down there with intent to defraud the government of money; these being detected, the commissioners thought proper to order me in pursuit of these people; I came to London; we were in search of the people that had forged the powers; we took a young man on suspicion, and went to the Blue Anchor in East Smithfield; I was mentioning to the landlord whether he knew the young man I had brought in there. The landlord said he was a lodger of his: we found he was not the person we suspected: I told him there had been a great many people concerned in receiving money. A girl came in and said, one Pickett had received 25 l. on the Monday before at the pay office in Broad-street; I enquired after him; they gave me directions; he lodged in Barnaby-street; we proceeded to Sir John Fielding with the man that forged; then I was dispatched to one Angello; they mentioned this Pickett; I desired Pickett might be put in the warrant, as they both lodged in the Borough; I was dispatched with one of Mr. Fielding's men; when we came to Barnaby-street, I asked a woman, named Margaret Woods , if she knew one Pickett; she said, Yes: we went to the house; there was in the room where he had lodged a large chest; there was a Linguist that came from Chatham with me; he said, Whose chest is this? He desired it to be opened; the constable refused o' pening the chest; then he desired Mrs. Woods; she refused to open it; I was called up; they told me the chest belonged to Pickett, and they refused to open it; I got a poker, and we burst it open; at first we discovered some papers of his receiving the money at the pay-office in Broad-street; we concluded to take an inventory of the things in the chest; we found jackets and shirts, and at the farther end of the chest we found a bag of dollars; then we directly thought of the India Company's affair; we went to go to Sir John Fielding 's, and in the mean time I thought proper to acquaint the Company of what we had found; I went into an alehouse, and wrote a line to the India Company what we had found, and supposed they were their property, and I would be glad if they would send somebody to meet me at Sir John's at six o'clock; I enquired of a young woman at the house, where Pickett was gone; I was informed it was imagined he was gone to Dover; that he went in a coach to the Golden-cross, Charing-cross, with a woman; we went there, and found such people were booked as they described them, and after that I was told they were gone to Dover; then I offered myself as a volunteer to the East India company to go to Dover after them; I and another man sat out about twelve at night, and got into Dover in the forenoon; I went to a merchant to whom I was recommended, and carried my letter, and told him my business; he said he would help me all in his power; he sent his clerk to get the warrant backed, and got an officer; the prisoner and Eliz. Finnick came past me; I had a brace of pistols about me; I thought these were the people that I came after. I ran after the prisoner, and catched him by the collar, and put a pistol to his breast, and said, If you venture to stir you are dead; you are my prisoner: he trembled, and said, He had not robbed any body: he made no resistance; I took him before a magistrate, and searched him; I found the key of the chest upon him that I had broke open at Mrs. Woods's, which I have tried since, and it fits exactly; then I insisted upon searching the woman, and in a green purse found upon her were 43 guineas, 12 half guineas, a 36 s. piece, a 27 s. piece, 17 s. 6 d. in silver, and two dollars; the clerk and I counted the money; I put it in my pocket, and asked where the prisoner lodged, and where their chest was: they said, they had none. We

went to the sign of the White Horse; I there demanded their chest; they told me which it was; we wrenched it open; in that I found 499 dollars more; I took the bag and carried it away to the magistrate; we counted them, and took the woman's pocket, and the two dollars, and put them in the bag, and put it up, and sealed it with the magistrate's seal and another; we took the prisoner and woman in a post-chaise, and got back as fast as I could; in returning I said to the prisoner, It will be better if you would confess: then he said, He was in the fields betwixt Whitechapel and Stepney, and he saw a man hiding something in a dung-hill; he waited there till the man was gone; then he went to the place and found a bag of dollars; that he brought them home, and used them as he thought proper, but was never concerned in stealing them himself; he said he had read the papers, and suspecting them to be the same dollars, he was going to a correspondent in France, in order to change them, and then to come back and carry over the other part, and change them. I brought all away in a box, and the prisoner and woman lived as I lived: I brought them as fast as I could to Sir John Fielding ; the prisoner had disposed of 110 dollars to a gentleman, named Swabey, at Dover; this he himself acknowledged; I sent for the gentleman, who said, he was very willing to deliver them up, if I would give him the cash he gave for them. (The chest found in Barnaby-street produced, and the key fitted the lock.) I was present at all the examinations before Sir John; first of all they both denied it; they persisted on that of finding the dollars in the field; coming along they both agreed in that; and on Monday before Sir John they did the same some time: Sir John said, Have the woman away; she is only come to tell a pack of lies: when the woman came in again, she cried; Sir John said, Well, what have you got to say now? The prisoner had been examined, and was then put into the next room: then the woman confest: after the prisoner was brought in, the woman said the prisoner was guilty, and he was the only man that robbed the India house; and as to M'Cartey, she thought him to be innocent: (this was before the prisoner.) Then Sir John said to him, Is what the woman says true? He said, Yes, and please your honour: Sir John said, Did you tell this woman you had robbed the India-house? He answered, Yes: Sir John said, Are these all facts which the woman has said? He said, Yes: Sir John said, Had you not li ke to have been smothered with the tea and things? He said, Yes: He said, M'Cartey did it, and he was present assisting him at the time. In the chest at Mrs. Woods's I found the probate of a will, granted to John Fickett , the sole executor: I took also from the prisoner the key of the chamber door, where the chest was; the Justice ordered me to deliver it to Mrs. Woods.

Margaret Woods . This chest produced here, that was found in my house, was the prisoner's property. I have known Elizabeth Fennick from a child in arms; and I have known the prisoner about a month or six weeks; they came together to take a lodging of me on the Friday before the last witness came and took the money away. I live in Barnaby-street; they came in a post-chaise from Chatham to my house; they went in the afternoon and brought the chest by a waterman; this is it here; the prisoner took the key of the chest and the key of the room door with him; the key of the room was delivered to me the first day they were examined at Justice Fielding's; I observed the prisoner in a sort of flurry; they went in the afternoon to the Golden Cross, Charing Cross; they came back, and I was drinking tea; when night came, she asked me to send my boy for a coach; I did, and they gave him 6 d. they said they were going to the Golden Cross, to go to Dover. (She looks upon a lesser box produced.) This box I sold to Mrs. Finnick.

Isabella Gordon. I live in Mouse-Alley, East Smithfield; Elizabeth Fennick lodged with me, and the prisoner did also, most part of 5 months.

Q. Do you know what circumstances the prisoner was in, when he was with you?

I. Gordon. I have seen some of his things in pawn, but know nothing of the pawning of them; he always had money to help himself.

Q. When did he leave your house?

I. Gordon. He left my house about a week before the 25th of March; on the Monday after, I was going up the alley between twelve and one, I met him; he said he was going to sea; on Tuesday the 26th I saw him; he had a good deal of money then about him; I happened to go into a pawnbroker's shop; he was taking out things; I saw he had some gold in a purse; and on the same day I met Elizabeth Fennick , with a purse with money in it; but I did not see him give it her.

Israel Swaby. I live in Dover, and keep a silver-smith's shop; I bought 110 dollars of the prisoner at the bar, this day fortnight, about nine in the morning; he told me he came from the Streights; I gave him 4 s. 4 d. a piece for them.

Joseph Stephens . I am a silver-smith; I bought 34 dollars of the prisoner at the bar, on the 25th of March, about four or five in the afternoon; he asked 4 s. 6 d. and I gave him 4 s. 5 d. each.

Eliz. Finmick. I have known the prisoner seven months; I lived at Mrs. Gordon's, and at the back of the Swan; the prisoner lived with me; when he came first to me, he received a great deal of money; it was spent; and in the beginning of March he received some money upon a will.

Q. How long was that before the 25th of March?

E. Finnick. I can't tell; he left me a week before the 25th of March; but I don't know how long before; he came back to me on Monday between ten and eleven o'clock, on Lady-day in the morning; he had but very little money before he left me; I had pledged a breast-buckle, and a pair of silver buckles, and he told me he had pledged some shirts and things; he appeared to be very ill on Lady-day: he breakfasted with me, and gave me half a guinea; he staid with me about an hour that day; I did not see him again till about twelve on Tuesday; then I was in a public house; I went out, and met him at the top of Mouse-alley; he looked as if he was dying; he desired me to fetch him a pot of beer and toast in it; I did; he drank the beer, and eat the toast; then he gave me a purse with about fifty guineas in it, all gold; he told me he received it on a will that he was executor to; he brought this long-chest into Mrs. Gordon's house that night; he went out, and fetched in a bag of dollars in his great coat; I saw nothing but dollars; one corner of the bag was torn: this is the bag, (pointing to one of them.)

Q. Had you ever seen a dollar before?

E. Finnick. I have had several before; he put the bag of dollars in his chest; he told me on the Thursday morning, as we were in bed, he got them in the India-house; he said he went round and saw a chimney, and he got up; that he had a gimblet, and bored holes with it up through the bottom of the chest, and the tea fell down, and he did not know what it was; at last he found it was tea; he said he got through the chests of tea, and got up into the room; that he had made holes with a marling-spike, the gimblet, and an iron crow; he said there were more dollars, that he left behind the door, I think; I never counted the dollars; he and I were both taken up at Dover; I am acquainted there; I was at Dover fair with him; he proposed I should go down; I told him I would not live with him; I lived a very uneasy life; I wanted to see Mr. Fuller, that keeps the White Swan on the Pier; he had been in London, and told me he would send me up some things; the prisoner would not go without me, and I consented to go; he packed up every thing himself in this little chest, that had been mine; he had the key; he took and put the chest in the coach; that chest was afterwards found at Dover; I had some gold, and two dollars about me, which I had from him.

Prisoner's Defence.

It was M'Cartey that brought me into this trouble; he bid me come with him when he had found the scheme out; he was ringleader of the fact; I did not know what he was going about till we got there; what he did I told this woman.

To his Character.

John Cripps . I have known the prisoner about seven months; I keep a public house, the Blue Anchor in East Smithfield; he used to come to our house; I trusted him some pounds; I always took him to be a very honest man.

Guilty of stealing the dollars, the property of Michael Salomons, in the dwelling-house belonging to the Company, &c. Death .

Lacritia Credaway.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-45
VerdictNot Guilty

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265. (M.) Lacritia Credaway , widow , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 4 s. a pair of bellows, value 1 s. a copper tea-kettle, value 1 s. a linen apron and a linen handkerchief , the property of Richard Purcell , April 3 . ++

Richard Purcell . I live at Hammersmith ; the prisoner lodged at my house about three quarters of a year, in a back garret, her husband was with her; she worked in the gardens. I lost two sheets, from off two different beds, one at a time, about Michaelmas; then the tea-kettle; then the bellows; after that an apron and handkerchief were gone together: the prisoner and another woman had words; and it came out, upon a quarrel; since that, about eight weeks ago, I heard the prisoner own she had taken the things, and had pawned the tea-kettle at Brentford for eighteen-pence, and sold one sheet for six-pence.

Mary his wife confirmed his evidence, with this addition, that she would not tell to whom she had sold the sheet or pawned the tea-kettle; that she had taken the prisoner up about a fortnight, the prisoner having promised to fetch the things again, but failed of her promise, after waiting about six weeks; and that her husband had promised to pay for the things, as soon as he got so much moneys but upon the prisoner beating her, she

took her up, but she would have pardoned her bad she restored the tea-kettle.

Acquitted .

Mary Groves.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-46
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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266. (M.) Mary Groves , spinster , was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 4 s. a pair of cotton stockings, value 1 s. the property of Daniel Collins , March 21 . ++

Daniel Collins . I live in Hand-court, Holbourn : on the 21st of March the prisoner came into my house, and called for a pint of beer, (she had lived servant with me before): she was a long time in drinking it; she was missing about a quarter of an hour; our house being full of people we did not mind her: I sent my little girl up stairs, to see for her; she was not there; at last she was found in the cellar: my wife asked her if she had been up stairs: she said no. She was going out, but I said, Modly, you have not paid for your beer; she said no, nor she never would: I perceived she had something about her. I took her back; my wife went up stairs and miss'd the things; she was charged with taking them: she took them out of her pocket, and delivered them to my wife; she owned she had taken the sheet and stockings out of the drawer up stairs; she is very young. I look upon it, that a man who used to come after her brought her to this.

Mr. Clay deposed to that of the prisoner's confession.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in great distress: I never did the like before.

For the Prisoner.

Elizabeth Maddocks . I live at Montpelier-coffee-house: I have known the prisoner three years; she lived servant with me very near a year: she had things of value in her care: I always found her honest; was she out of trouble I would take her again.

Mary Hill and Isabella Capet also gave her a good character.

Guilty, 10 d. W .

John Roffe.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-47
VerdictNot Guilty

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267. (M.) John Roffe was indicted for stealing two hempen sacks, value 4 s. 6 d. six iron horse-shoes, value 1 s. and three pigeons, value 9 d. the property of John Twyford , and one hempen sack , the property of John Taylor , March 11, 1760 . ++

John Twyford . I live at Hendon ; the prisoner worked for me about five years ago; at that time I missed a great many pigeons; I got a warrant from Justice Welch, and three sacks were found; two of them my property, my name was at length upon them; the prisoner lodged at the house where they were found; the prisoner went off, and I never heard of him after, till about two months ago. He was taken at St. Alban's; three pigeons were found in the sacks, and some horse-shoes lying by them; one sack was the property of John Taylor .

William Smith , and Mary his wife, deposed, That he lodged at their house about five years ago; they confirmed Twyford's testimoney as to the things being found in the prisoner's lodging room.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never brought a sack there in my life.

Acquitted .

Robert Bouran.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-48
VerdictNot Guilty

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268. (M.) Robert Bouran was indicted for stealing a man's hat, value 5 s. the property of Daniel Evans , February 1 . ++

John Philip Scott . I keep a cook's shop in Chiswell-street . The prisoner came to my house to have some victuals; he made a sort of a riot; I thought him a little in liquor; he wanted to toss up with the people; after he had eat his supper he left an old hat, and took a good one, and went out.

Daniel Evans . I lodge in Mr. Scott's house: I had put my hat upon a nail where the prisoner and I sat; after he eat his supper he had this hat on his head (producing an old hat), I went up stairs, and when I came down again my hat and the prisoner were gone: mine was quite a new one; I never wore it above five or six times; the prisoner used to come to our house very often before, but never came afterwards.

Scott. The prisoner used to sell muffins about the streets: his excuse, when he was taken up, was, that he went out, and went into another house, the Black Horse in Barbican; and happened to be in a little fray, and lost it, and durit not come back to tell us.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was a little in liquor, and by mistake I changed the hat, and after that I had some words with a person at the Black Horse, and lost the hat: the prosecutor offered to make it up for half a crown.

Prosecutor. I never did offer such a thing: when I charged the prisoner, he gave charge of me, and I was carried to the Compter, and kept there from the Saturday to the Tuesday.

Acquitted .

Eleanor Johnson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-49

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269. (M.) Eleanor Johnson , spinster , was indicted for stealing two guineas, two half guineas, and three shillings in money, numbered , the property of John Pursey , April 8 . ++

John Pursey . I keep a public house in Red-lion-street, Holbourn : the prisoner was my servant ; she lived with me near two months; one night my wife called to me to know if I had had any money of her within a few days; we could not recollect either she or I had paid away any: she was certain there was money missing out of the box. About two hours after she went up into the prisoner's room, and came down, and said she had found the thief; she shewed me a housewife, in which there were two guineas and two half guineas; one of the half guineas was a very remarkable one, which I remember taking. As Mr. Clay was a neighbour, we sent for him; he took the girl into a private room, and examined her; he soon called me in, and said, the girl has acknowledged she had nothing in her box but a few halfpence; but afterwards she acknowledged she came out of her room into your wife's room, and took two guineas and two half guineas, and that she had robbed the till at different times, of about three or four shillings and a few halfpence. This was at night between nine and ten o'clock.

Elizabeth Pursey . I miss'd my money about four o'clock; then I went up into the girl's room, and found this housewife in her box; there were two guineas and two half guineas in it.

Q. Was her box locked?

E. Pursey. I don't know whether it was or not in my fright. (The money produced in court, one half, guinea very remarkable one).

M. Clay. I was sent for to the prosecutor's house a little before ten o'clock: I first asked the prisoner if she knew, of her master's being robb'd she said she had heard something of it; I asked her what money she had about her? she said, she had none. I asked her what money she had up stairs? she said she had none. I said, Have you neither silver nor halfpence up stairs? she said, No. I desired her to consider the consequence, if she denied it; and it afterwards came out to be true. She said she had no money at all, except nine-pence, that was given her at divers times in halfpence. I told her it was entirely false what she had said, therefore I could not believe her any longer. I then produced this pocket with these halfpence in it. Then I produced this gold, and said, This was taken out of your pocket, how can you deny it? she then said she took it out of her mistress's pocket up stairs, after her master had got up to brew. I asked her how she came by the halfpence? she said there was a sixpence among it was her own, which I gave her; but the rest of the halfpence, she said, she had taken out of the till last week. After that she was charged with the same at Hick's Hall; there she also acknowledged it. I never heard any thing amiss of her before. She was brought up at a charity-school in our parish. I have known her from a child: she is 17 years of age.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

Michael Dalton.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-50

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270. (M.) Michael Dalton was indicted for stealing three china bowls, value 5 s. and a china tea-pot, value 1 s. the property of William Boosley , April 17 . ++

William Boosley . I live at Poplar . Yesterday morning we miss'd a china bowl that was generally in the house; I desired the maid to go and look into the closet to see for it, and she miss'd two or three more. I suspected the prisoner, as he used to come backward and forwards. I keep cows, and he is a milkman. I apply'd to one of my men where the prisoner lodges, to ask if the prisoner had brought any thing home over night, he told me, he had enquired of a friend of the prisoner's at Limehouse, and he found the prisoner had left a tea-pot there. I enquired at home, and found there was one lost. I went to that house, and desired the woman to let me have that tea-pot that the prisoner left there. I brought it home, and my maids all knew it to be mine after that I took the prisoner into my parlour; and charged him with taking a china bowl, and china tea-pot he denied it, and said, he had no china at all. I said, Have you no tea-pot? he said, No. Then I shewed him the tea-pot, and

said that he had left it to be sold for 4 s. 6 d. in Ropemakers fields. He said he had that pot of a woman in Ratcliff highway. She was fetched: she declared she never saw it with her eyes before. Then I got a warrant, and charged him: he then went on his knees, and begged I would have nothing to do with it; saying, it was the first time, and necessity drove him to it: this he confessed before my family, and before the Justice also.

Thomas Stone deposed to that of the prisoner's confession.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took them when I was in liquor. It is the first time I ever did such a thing. I was taken last night, and had not time to send for any body.

Guilty . T .

William Jones.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-51
VerdictNot Guilty

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271. (L.) William Jones was indicted for assuming the name and character of the brother to Edward Jones , deceased, late mariner on board his Majesty's ship the Medway, in order, unjustly, to receive the wages due to the said Edward, and defraud the proper claimant , June 28 . *

John Ratcliff . I belong to the Pay-Office. There was a person came with a letter of administration, and a ticket, who demanded the wages due to Edward Jones , late mariner on board his Majesty's ship the Medway. He said he was the brother and administrator to the deceased. I paid him the wages due, 27 l. 13. 4 d. (The ticket produced with the receipt on the back of it; it is read in court.) There were 32 l. 11 s. 5 d. full wages. The receipt signed William Jones , brother and administrator, dated 28th of June, 1764. I should not be able to know that person again.

Robert Hopman . I am in the Ticket Office. It is my business to deliver out the tickets of seamen deceased, or living: I remember the prisoner coming to our office on the 28th of June last; he said he was brother of Edward Jones that died on board the Medway man of war, and demanded his ticket of me. He produced an administration and a certificate, and said there were wages due to him. The Captain makes out the ticket. Here is the certificate (Producing it). He said it was signed by the minister and churchwardens of Bedwas, in Wales. I heard him own to the receiving the money afterwards on his examination. He then insisted that he was the brother of this Edward Jones who died on board the Medway, and that this certificate was a just one.

Watkin Jones . I am minister of the parish of Bedwas, in Monmouthshire.

Q. Who were churchwardens of that parish in the year 1764?

Jones. Thomas Ellis and Harry Thomas were.

Q. Look at this certificate. (He takes it in his hand.) Here is my name, but it is not my hand-writing. I never subscribed this certificate: and the names of the churchwardens upon it were not churchwardens that year. The names upon it are Robert Thomas and Howel Evans . They were neither churchwardens not overseers. The prisoner at the bar applied to me for a certificate of this sort; and gave me directions. But I heard the prisoner's brother John say, that Edward had made a will to him before he went to sea; so I would not sign his certificate.

Q. Had the prisoner a brother named Edward, a seaman?

Jones. He had. He was press'd on board in the year 1756.

Q. Did that Edward leave a wife?

Jones. No, he did not to my knowledge; I believe he was a single man. He died in 1761. I believe his father died before him.

Q. Do you know whether the prisoner's brother was on board the ship Medway?

Jones. I know nothing of that.

Mary Pritchard . I live in Elbow-lane, by College-hill. My father was named Edward Jones , and my mother Catherine; they lived in Overstey, in Shropshire. I had three sisters, and one brother, whose name was Edward, the youngest of fifteen. I am sixty-four years of age: he would have been forty had he been living. He belonged to the ship Medway.

Q. Did you ever see him on board that ship?

Mary Pritchard . No. I have received a great many letters from him while on board that ship.

John Chainey . I knew Edward Jones on board the ship Medway. The Medway's boat impressed him out of my vessel, a timber sloop, called the Prosperous; he was impressed in the Downs between the North and South Foreland: I cannot say how long it is ago; it was the beginning of the war. I know he, was this woman's brother: I have seen them together about four times; they passed for brother and sister while he belonged to me. He failed with me two years. I paid him his wages after that at the new hospital at Gosport. I have seen him on board the Medway: after that, he told me he had a mind to make a will and power to his sister Pritchard when in the hospital, but he could not then well spare the money to pay for it.

Q. Where does your vessel belong?

Chainey. It belongs to Rotherhithe. I always use the Sussex coast. I was employ'd in bringing timber, and carrying King's stores to Portsmouth and Plymouth. I knew Edward Jones a dozen or fourteen years ago.

Q. to Hopman. Do your books give an account when this Edward Jones first belonged to the Medway?

Hopman. It appears by the books that he was impressed the 2d of May, 1755.

Acquitted .

Mary Harris.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-52

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272. (L.) Mary Harris was indicted for stealing 4 earthen vessels, value 2 s. the property of William Vaughan , March 18 . *

William Vaughan . I keep a china and glass shop in Newgate market . On the 16th of March, about half an hour past 7 at night, I was sitting looking through my window; I saw a person's hand drawing a large nest of pans from the opposite corner. I gave the person an opportunity to carry them a little way. I went out, it was the prisoner; she had got about four or five yards with them. There was a man stood with open arms to receive the pans at the end of the bench. I took her by the arms and said, Ship-mate, where are you going with these? she said, D - n your eyes, what is that to you. I said, Pray, how far are you going to carry them? she said, You shall be d - d before I'll let you know, and spit in my face. I said, if that is the case, I will know where you are going: you shall come back and place them where you had them. She said, I'll see you d - d first. I took her back, and said, Put them down there. She said again, Ay! you shall be d - d first, and listed them up, and let them fall, and broke three of them, and spit in my face again. I pushed her from me against the shutter. The fellow said, Why do you use the woman thus? He was very pert, and she very abusive. I conducted her to the Counter: and when I came to take her out on the Monday, there was that man sitting by her. I have found since they cohabited together.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to buy the pans.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Kirk.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-53

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273. (L.) Thomas Kirk was indicted for stealing 18 brass locks for cases for knives, value 4 s. 36 brass handles, 36 brass hinges, and 18, brass handles for the tops of cases , the property of Christopher Lawson , April 15 . *

(At the request of the prisoner the witnesses were examined apart.)

Christopher Lawson . I am a founder and ironmonger , and live in Fetter-lane: I lost 18 sets of work for cases for knives, (the things mentioned in the indictment.) I was afterwards informed the prisoner had offered 12 sets to Mrs. Heath, in Hatton Garden, and she had stopped them. I have seen them since.

James Brian . I am servant to Mr. Lawson. I packed up 18 sets of brass work on the 15th of this instant, in the forenoon, and about 8 in the evening they were missing. The next morning I was sent for to Mrs. Heath's. There was the prisoner, and 12 of the sets of brass; they were stopped. (Produced in Court.)

William Gelder . I know these sets of brass belong to Mr. Lawson.

Thomas Hayward . I am servant to Mrs. Heath. Last Tuesday morning I went to Mr. Lawson's for some work; he told me he had lost a parcel of brass work; I went up and informed my mistress. A little after that the prisoner came with these, and offered them to sale, and we stopped him.

Mrs. Heath. My husband was a shagreen case maker, and I follow the business: the prisoner brought these sets of brass work, and offered them for sale; I having heard the prosecutor lost some, stopped him and them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I belong to the Court of Conscience: there was an execution granted against one Howard; he could not make up the money, but said, If I would take these things and dispose of them, the money should go to pay part of the debt: I was agreeable to it, and very innocently took the things to sell for him, in order to take him out of trouble.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Brown.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-54

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274. (L.) Thomas Brown was indicted for stealing a wooden vessel, with pickled salmon in it, value 18 s. the property of James Russel , April 5 . ++

James Russel . On Good Friday, between 2 and 4 o'clock, I lost a kit of salmon from the King's Head at Billingsgate , and paid 18 s. for it. My sister-in-law bought it, and trusted me to carry it to her house at Peckham: I never met with it

again. I had left it in the house, and when I came for it, it was gone.

Jos. Buckmaster. That day we had about 300 kitts of salmon came in. I met the prisoner with a kit of salmon under his arm, about half an hour after 3 o'clock that day, at the King's Head door as I was going in. I said, How odd that man carries his kit of salmon! Soon after that Russel came in and enquired for his kit, and it was missing. The next time I saw the prisoner, I asked him how he came by that kit? he said, he never had any, or sold any salmon in his life. When we came before the sitting Aldermen, there he owned he took the kit of salmon, being drunk, and was willing to make restitution. He said he sold it at Greenwich.

Russel. I heard him confess the same.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was called in at the King's Head to carry a kit of salmon down to the Old Swan, for a woman. I carried them, and she gave me 3 d. for it: she took them away in a boat.

Guilty . T .

John Randall.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-55

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275. (L.) John Randall was indicted for stealing one wooden vessel, value 12 d. and thirty-two gallons of oil, value 3 l. 10 s. the property of Charles Buxton , Isaac Buxton , Samuel Enderby , and Thomas Simms , Feb. 26 . ++

Samuel Enderby . Charles and Isaac Buxton , Thomas Simms , and I, are partners: we are oil merchants . About the 24th or 25th of February last we had information that our warehouses were robbed of a considerable quantity of oil. And on the 26th at night. I had information brought me that the prisoner was taken in getting a barrel of oil out of the cellar: upon which I went and saw the barrel out of the cellar by the door, near the water-side at St. Paul's warf, the prisoner was then in custody; he has worked for us a year or two.

William Ellen . I was called out for a fare between 6 and 7 at night. I do not know the exact time. I saw a man come on shore at them stairs with a long sack or bag: it appeared to me to have an empty cask in it: he passed me. Presently another man came down to the stairs head. I and Tom Scraggs were looking out for a fare; by and by I saw the man that came first by me with a small cask on his shoulder: he got it away in an instant. And on the Saturday following, I saw that same fellow came peeping about there again; but I having a fare to carry a person to Westminister, did not see the last of him then. After that Mr. Enderby hired me as a watchman. I saw the prisoner and another man come on shore in a waterman's boat; I got behind a nook, behind the corner of the necessary. A boy said to me, What are you doing here? I said, I am waiting for a fare: it rained that night. Presently this man and another asked the boy to drink; the boy said, Thank you; and went with the prisoner. After he came back again, the boy said, Mr. Ellen, I am afraid I am upon no good design: these men have agreed with me, I am to carry them up, with a vessel of small beer, for a shilling. I went up to the Fortune of War, and told my two assistants (they are servants to the prosecutors) I desired them to be in the way, for there were two strapping fellows, I could not take them myself: then I went down to my boat, and broke my mop-stick in two: said the boy, What did you do that for? I said, to shy at the rats; don't you see how they run about? by and by came the two thieves out of that public house; they and my two assistants had been all fitting together. I saw the prisoner fumbling at the cellar door of the warehouse; he clapped his shoulder to it, and shoved it open: by and by I saw him roll a cask of oil out of the warehouse. I jumpt to him, and said, You villain, what do you do that for? he said, What, What, What, What! and made a blow at me, and miss'd me. I took this stick and knocked him down with it. (Producing a large piece of a mop-stick.) The other fellow was come out of the cellar; I made a blow at him; he bobb'd his head and I miss'd him. I jumpt to the prisoner, and swore I would blow his brains out if he did not go with me; but I had nothing but this mop-stick about me. I took and led him almost forty yards, calling Thieves, Fire, and the like, but nobody came to help me. When I came to the public house door, there came out one of my assistants, with a pipe in his mouth; the prisoner had insisted upon going into that public house, and I gave him another knock on the head, because he should not get away from me. When I got him into the public house, there sat my other assistant, with a pipe in his mouth: then they went away, and left me to take care of the prisoner. I asked for a pennyworth of gin. I then asked for a knife to cut the waist-band of his breeches, that he should not run away. He said don't cut my flesh. Every one in the house called me thief-catcher except the landlord.

Q. What became of the other man?

Ellen. God knows; for I had enough to do take care of the prisoner. The servants said, after they had hunted about they bolted the warehouse-door; but in the morning the door was open: I imagine he ran into the warehouse. The prisoner said he was to carry that cask to the Britannia, by London bridge, where a Jew was to have met him for it. We took and marched him to look for Mr. Jew, but I kept him so long that the Jew was gone. He owned he had taken a cask the day before.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming out of the public house, going to the necessary house by the water side; I tumbled over this barrel.

Prosecutor. The barrel of oil lay by the warehouse door. The prisoner acknowledged to me that he took it out, and that he had taken some before.

Ellen. The other man with him was a very stout fellow; we imagine he has entered himself for a soldier, to go to the East Indies.

Guilty . T .

John Barker.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-56

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276 (L.) John Barker was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. a cloth coat, value 10 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 5 s. and two leather pocket books, value 2 s. the property of John Walker , March 16 . ++

John Walker . I live at Hull, in Yorkshire: on the 15th of last month, some time in the night, I was robbed of the things mentioned in the indictment, on board my ship, that lay at Smart's key , when I was asleep in the cabin. The ship is called the Unity, belonging to the Hull trade. I missed it about 5 the next morning.

Q. Have you ever seen either of them since?

Walker. I have seen the watch, coat, and waistcoat, and one book. When the prisoner was charged before the Justices at Whitechapel the book was found upon him: that was on Saturday the 16th. The Justices told me, as it was in the city I must take him before my Lord Mayor. I took him there; the crowd being so numerous I took a coach. When in the coach I promised, if he would tell me where the things were, I would not hurt or prosecute him: he seemed to be relent, said he was an unhappy wretch; and that if I would not hurt him he would tell me. I said I would not. He said he had pawned the waistcoat in one place in Rosemary-lane, and the coat was in another; and the watch he had exchanged for another in Tower-street, to a house-carpenter: thus instead of going to my Lord Mayor, we drove to Rosemary-lane. We first got the waistcoat, then the coat, then we went and got the watch.

Q. Do you count you did right?

Walker. If I had not promised him, we should not have got the things again. He then was under the care of a constable: I could neither hinder or forward it.

Robert Norton . On the 16th of last month the prisoner came and offered this coat to me to sell: I seeing it too big for him, as he said it was his own, I stopped it. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

James Grief . I live at the Coach and Horses, Whitechapel; the prisoner came there on the 6th of March. I wondered to see him with a watch in his pocket. I snatch'd a pocket-book out of his trowsers: I went to see what was in it, he snatch'd it from me. And when we came to the Justices he threw the book away; it was pick'd up. The Justice found a letter in it that belongs to Mr. Walker. Then I went to him; he said he had been robbed of the things mentioned.

Andrew Atkinson . The prisoner came to a house where I was, and pulled out a watch, and wanted to sell it, saying, he was going to St. Thomas's hospital, and wanted money. I changed watches with him, and gave him 7 s. to boot.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going upon the keys about 5 o'clock that morning; I saw a man come out of this vessel; he had a bundle tied up in a blue and white handkerchief; after that I picked these things up between two casks.

Q. to the Prosecutor. Did the prisoner belong to your vessel?

Prosecutor. No. I don't know that I ever saw him before.

Guilty . T .

See him tried No. 169. in last Sessions Paper.

Thomas Tomson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-57

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277. (L.) Thomas Tomson was indicted for stealing a wooden vessel with 20 pounds of anchovies, value 15 s. the property of Richard More and John Barlow , April 16 . ++

John Fletcher . I saw the prisoner take a barrel of anchovies from a pile of an hundred at Wool Key , on the 16th of this instant, about 12 o'clock in the day. He first put it between his legs, and had it there I believe a full quarter of an hour:

he stooped several times, in order to take it up, but there were so many people about that he was afraid; but at last he took it up in his hands, and walked along the key with it, till he came to the custom-house: there Mr. White took hold of him; he had observed him as well as I. It is the property of Messrs, More and Barlow: I landed them. (Produced in court.)

Josiah White deposed to the same purport.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was a little in liquor, or I had not done any such thing.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Collegan.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-58
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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278. (L.) Elizabeth Collegan , spinster , was indicted for stealing a flat-iron, value 18 d. the property of Richard Wright , March 13 . ++

Richard Wright . The prisoner is a cripple; she has frequently come to my door a begging, and I have miss'd things after she has been gone. I am a broker in Moorfields : on the 13th of March she came again; I watched her, as she was at the door: I saw the flat-iron just before in the shop, near the door: when she turned away I saw it was gone: I went after her, and took it from under her cloak.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence, but called Bridget Reed , who deposed she had known her from an infant, and never knew any ill of her.

Guilty, 10 d. W .

William Howarth.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-59

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279. (L.) William Howarth was indicted for stealing a pair of spectacles, with double joints made of silver, value 21 s. two fish-skin cases, mounted with silver, two tortoishell cases for spectacles, a set of mathematical instruments, an opera glass, set in silver, a silver pencil-case, a steel pencil-case, a perspective glass, seven glasses fixed in tortoishell, a magnet, two silver seals and a pocket looking-glass , the property of Benjamin Martin , April 16 . ++

Joshua Martin . I am son to Benjamin Martin : I can only swear to the goods being my father's property: I know nothing of the time when they were lost.

Alice Ripley . I was housekeeper to Lady Doddington Montague, in Grosvenor-square; the prisoner was a servant there. About the latter end of September, or the beginning of October, the cook called me up stairs, and shewed me the goods mentioned in the indictment; they were found in the prisoner's possession in his box in his room: she desired I would not tell the prisoner how I came to see them, but desired I would talk to him when he came in: when he came in I asked him if he had any acquaintance in that branch of business; he said he had.

Q. Did any body lie in that room beside the prisoner?

A. Ripley. No: I told him there had been a person to enquire if I had seen such sort of things, and I had searched his room and saw such things, and desired he would give me an account how he came by them: he told me part of them he had taken from out of a house where he had lived, and part of them were given him by another man, named John.

Q. Did he mention what house?

A. Ripley. No, he did not; upon that I told him they were very bad things to be seen on such a person, and in time he might come into trouble. I bid him carry them back again the next morning, for I would not suffer stolen goods to be in the house: I thought he had taken them away, he told me afterwards that he had: I did not know that he had them by him, till the day he was taken up: my lady's cook came and said he had behaved in a very bad manner, and used me very ill to my lady; and that he had charged the servants, on the peril of their lives, never to let me see my lady, if he was gone out, (I had married and was gone away). I asked her if she knew any thing of the things that we had seen before; she said they were in the house: upon that I went to my lady's house, and the prisoner opened the door to me: I asked to see my lady; he said I could not see her: I said, I should insist upon seeing her: he went in and told my lady I was there. I went in to her, she was angry with me: I said, if I had deceived her in any thing it was concerning the prisoner, and I was there to answer for what accusations might be laid against me: we had a great deal of debate. I told her what things I had seen upon him, and that I believed they were still in the house; the house was searched, and they could not be found. My lady bid me go down with the servant; I went: I observed him with a bundle, which he was taking out of a closet: I took the bundle out of his hand; there were the things that were mentioned in the indictment, with other things: I carried them up stairs, and shewed them to my lady; my husband was with me. My lady ordered him to fetch a constable, and take the prisoner up. We gave charge

of him to the constable, and the goods were delivered into his care, we went all together to Sir John Fielding 's: when in the coach, he told us the goods belonged to Mr. Martin: Sir John sent for Mr. Martin; Mrs. Martin came, with others; they owned the goods. When he was re-examined, two days after, Mr. Joshua Martin swore to the things, as his father's property.

John Sutton . I am an officer: I was sent for to my Lady Doddington Montague's, to take the prisoner in custody: I asked him if he had any accomplice; he said there was a young man (he did not know where to find him); he said that man had given him some of the things. When he came before Sir John Fielding , we found that man was Sir John's servant; that servant was examined, and it was proved, before Sir John, that that man had no concern in it. As we were going in the coach, the prisoner told us he brought part of these things from the place where he had lived servant, and part of them were given him; that he brought them all out of his master's house: he desired Mrs. Ripley to be as favourable as possible with him. (The goods mentioned in the indictment produced in court.)

Joshua Martin . These things are all my father's property.

Q. Did such a man, as has been mentioned, live servant in your house, named John?

J. Martin. Yes; he lived in our house twelve months, or more; he wanted to go down into Cheshire, and the prisoner was in his place the time he was absent, which was about three weeks; when John came up again the prisoner was discharged, and we recommended the prisoner to a place afterwards: that John went away, and now lives with Sir John Fielding .

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not steal the things: I received them in part of a little money that I lent: I did not know they were stolen.

Guilty . T .

Sarah .
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-60

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280 (L.) Sarah, wife of - Murrell, otherwise Sarah Brooks , widow , was indicted for stealing a copper saucepan, value 4 s. a linen sheet, value 18 d. a box-iron, two heaters, a wooden pail, and a pair of bellows, the property of William Ross , in a certain lodging-room, let by contract , &c. February 14 . ++

William Ross . I live in Gravel-lane, near Petticoat-lane ; the prisoner took a lodging-room of me, ready furnished, at 2 s per week, the things mentioned in the indictment were part of the furniture.

Q. Has she a husband?

W. Ross. No, not as I know of: that very day week she took the room I had word brought me she was taken with a warrant, for robbing a gentleman of a great quantity of silk: I went to one Murrell, in the Tower, whom she calls her husband, to enquire where she was; he told me she was not his wife; he said he heard she was in Clerkenwell-bridewell. I went there to her, and asked her for the key of the room, and where the goods were; she delivered me the key, and said she had made away with the saucepan and a sheet: I came home and looked in the room; there I found all the things, mentioned in the indictment, were gone: she told me she had pawned the sheet at Mr. Taylor's, Catharine-wheel-alley, Bishopsgate street, and the saucepan at Mr. Dellope's. I went to her again, and told her the other things were missing; then she owned she had pawned them also, and told me where; the pail and bellows at Mr. Dellope's, and the box-iron at Mr. Taylor's: we found them accordingly.

Sarah Dellope . The prisoner brought the saucepan on the 16th of February, and the other things the day after.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was summoned to the Court of Conscience: I was in so much distress I went and pawned them.

To her Character.

William Wood . I have known the prisoner upwards of four years; she lived servant with me upwards of a year; she was very careful and honest in my house.

Guilty . T .

Benjamin Morris.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-61

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281. (L.) Benjamin Morris was indicted for stealing eighteen yards of rope, with a grappling-iron, value 12 s. the property of William Smith , March 22 . ++

William Smith . I am a waterman and lighter-man : I was at Gravesend when the things were lost, on the 21st of March: I only know the things to be my property; they are now at the Queen's-head here.

John Boulter . I am a waterman and lighter-man: on the 21st of March, between one and two in the morning, I took up the prisoner and another

man in a boat, between Billinsgate and the Custom-house, on the water; they had this grapling-iron and rope in their boat, they were rowing off with them: we took them on shore and before my Lord Mayor: the other man made his escape out of the Mansion-house.

Prisoner's Defence.

The boat was adrift, and I went to bring her in; the rope was in her; there were two other lads with me; the other rowed our boat on shore: one was named John Hinkins , and the other John Pearcy : I sent to them; but they don't come near me.

To his Character.

John Walker . I live at the corner of Kennington-lane, in the parish of Lambeth: the prisoner is a waterman: I never heard any ill of him before this, and I have known him from a child.

Guilty . T .

William Milbourn, John Macham, Patrick Manning, John Cannon, Joseph Garrick, Robert Jones, Alexander Sparks, John Dobson, Walter Berry, William Johnson.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-62
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Miscellaneous > fine; Miscellaneous > sureties

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282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291. (L.) William Milbourn , John Macham , Patrick Manning , John Cannon , Joseph Garrick , Robert Jones , Alexander Sparks , John Dobson , Walter Berry , and William Johnson , journeymen taylors , were indicted for conspiring together against the masters. in order to raise their wages, and lessen their hours of working . ++

James Blood . I am a taylor: in the years 62 and 63, there was an agreement made betwixt the journeymen taylors: I belonged to a body of them, and was chose out to represent them at the Hand-and-Shears, in Cloth-fair.

Q. How many did that society consist of?

Blood. That society consisted of about thirty.

Q. Were either of the prisoners members of that society or club?

Blood. No, they were not: That house the journeymen used to meet at is a house of call.

Q. When did you come to a resolution to raise money?

Blood. We came to the resolution to raise money in the year 1762, the week before Easter; then we came to a resolution, through the town, to leave our masters, if they would not give us three shillings a day. This was done in the committees first, and then carried to each house.

Q. What is a representative?

Blood. That is a person chose in order to go and meet at a general meeting.

Q. How did you know there was to be a general meeting?

Blood. We gave it out in secret where we were to meet again: there was notice of it left at every house of call, in the year 1762, to meet at such a house; we could never discover who these letters came from; but the signification of them was, that each society should send two men to meet at a particular house.

Q. Where was the first house of this meeting?

Blood. I believe that was the Green-Dragon, in Fleet street.

Q. What did your particular society do, in consequence of that?

Blood. Notice was laid before the club, and they agreed (so did most of the houses in town) to meet: our society sent me, and another man named Howard: we there might be thirty or forty of us that met from other clubs. Sparks was one that met there; he represented the Brown-Bear, in the Strand.

Q. What did you do when there?

Blood. We had the letter read to us; there was no name to it: we consulted to have another meeting; that was all that was done then. We met again the week following, at the Sun in Devereux-court; we had a particular reason for varying the house, fearing we should be known; they apprehended it was not lawful for them to meet: when we met in Devereux-court, we did not know whether all the houses had agreed to have 3 s. a day. The letter was to stir up all the journeymen taylors to insist upon 3 s. a day: we were to represent it to our respective bodies, and see what they said. That night we agreed to meet the week following, then we should have a club night in the mean time.

Q. Did you represent to your club what had passed at the Green-Dragon?

Blood. I did.

Q. Had you from your society any authority to consent, or join in any acts, to raise your wages?

Blood. They were agreeable to my going, to see whether the others would agree.

Q. How many houses were there?

Blood. There were forty-two houses, and we went two from a house.

Q. Did you enter upon any business at the Sun, in Devereux-court?

Blood. We represented what our members were agreeable to, and agreed to continue our meeting till the spring of the year; and then, at a proper

time to raise our wages. When we strike, the masters cannot help themselves. Then we were at the spring to leave work, unless our masters would give us three shillings a day.

Q. Was there any dispute about the hours of work?

Blood. No; they made no dispute about that then: the masters had then submitted to the hours, to leave off at 7 o'clock; the hour had been taken off and laid on again, and the men would not work it: the only consideration we had was the wages: I acquainted the body that I represented of these resolutions.

Q. Were any of the prisoners there then?

Blood. There were Mr. Sparks and Mr. Manning there then: this was in Devereux-court; we met every week.

Q. Did you come to any uniform agreement concerning fixing this three shillings a day, or to strike at the soring?

Blood. We continued from February till a fortnight before Easter, then the whole town agreed to strike.

Q. Where did you meet next?

Blood. I believe it was at the Queen's Arms in Newgate-street: Sparks and Manning were there then. I believe there were near fourscore of us. The city and the other end of the town did not agree: the city fell off from the agreement rather: every house was not willing to strike; the other side Temple-bar signalized themselves from this side; they said, If the city would not agree with them, they would have a meeting themselves, and would strike on the Monday morning. They wanted to have 3 shillings and three halfpence a day: the city did not come to a resolution that day.

Q. Who was chosen speaker of the house of representatives?

Blood. Every one had liberty to speak. Mr. Sparks was the principal man that did speak commonly: we were always ruled a great deal by him, because he had been in former schemes; we looked upon him as one of the principal persons. This division was on a Thursday night; but on the Sunday night we had a meeting among ourselves. On the Monday night the other end of the town struck: the city disagreed one among another. On the Tuesday night, about 8 o'clock, came two men to us, and said, We hear the other men have struck, and we are willing: they came from the Shepherd and Goat, Fleet-ditch. They said, Let us go round and see if the others will agree. I was chose out of my society to go to three more houses in the city, I went to the Ship in Lime-street, and the Crown in Duke's Place: we had word brought they were agreeable in Black Friars; there are two or three houses of call there. At the Ship in Lime-street I told them the resolution of our house, and that we had come to a resolution to strike: they were agreeable if the Crown in Duke's Place and two others would. I went to the Crown in Duke's Place on a club night, when the members were all present: they consented to it: there was Walter Berry at the Crown. I went to the Faulcon in Duke's Place that was near it, and made the proposal to them, and they were agreeable; (our meetings were all on one night). I returned back to my society, and they sent about; they were all agreeable; every representative went to his own club, and every body were to strike in the morning. We did in general through the city all strike. I can't say where our next general meeting was: it was the week after Easter. Tuesday is the club-night of the society, and on Wednesday they all struck from work: the week after we met a representative for the city and county all together: Mr. Sparks always attended.

Q. Did the house of representatives agree to confirm and abide by what had been done?

Blood. Yes, they did. Our meetings continued once a week all the year. They came to a resolution at the other end of the town to raise six-pence a week in the year 1762; towards the latter end of the summer we apprehended the masters might object to the wages, and turn the men off: so we thought proper to have a stock to supply the men in the vacation from July to Michaelmas, (then the trade falls off); this was to be continued till every man had paid in six shillings, or they might pay it all at once: that was complied with and raised; it was sometimes lodged in the landlord's hands, sometimes with the members; which we thought proper. This was also to be applied to support an opposition to the masters: every house kept their own stock. I believe there were between three and four thousand of us embodied; and if any man was not agreeable to pay this money, there were orders given he should not be worked with. If a man was at work, if he had not paid the money, we would tell the master he must not keep him; we would not work with him; and if the master continued him in work, that master was not to be work'd for; this was at the latter end of 1762, and beginning of 1763. All the prisoners were present at these committees a different times. Milbourn represented the Shepherd and Goat, Fleet ditch; Manning and Cannon, the One Ton in the Strand; Sparks, the Brown Bear , in the Strand; Macham,

the ship in Lime street; Berry, the Crown in Duke's Place; Jones, the India House, Fenchurch-street; Garrick, the Rising Sun, Black Friars; Dobson, the Horseshoe, Black Friars. I have seen all these persons at their meetings. In February 1763 the masters began to take it up; they came to a resolution to make the journeymen submit to Rule of Court, to work from six to eight, at 2 s. 6 d. a day one quarter of the year, and 2 s. 2 d. the rest of the year: the journeymen agreed still to continue at 3 s. a day, and work no longer than to seven o'clock. The city consented to raise 12 s. each member raised 6 s. more, to defend all causes. If a journeyman was to be prosecuted, we were to support him. We all did refuse to submit to a Rule of Court, and we regularly did communicate the resolution to the houses; and if any member met with a refractory journeyman, he gave an account of him to the committee; then that was carried to the general committee. Each representative took his name to their respective clubs, and that man was not to be worked with. If the master insisted on keeping him, he was to lose all the others. They that were agreeable to our rules we called Flints, and those that were not were called Dungs. When our troubles came on, there was an order of the committee for every member to pay 6 d. and the representatives were to bring it to the committee. Sparks was the man that raised the money: we raised in the whole I believe to the amount of fifteen or sixteen hundred pounds. We fixed upon men to go and consult Mr. Hewlate the attorney upon matters of difficulty, and so reported his opinion. About the beginning of the year 1763, we looked upon it that Mr. Dove, Mr. Fell, and Mr. Mason, three masters, were stirring up strife against us: so we fixed upon them, th at they should not be served. We insisted upon the men that worked for them to come away and leave them: it was a general resolution they should have no men work for them. The master of the House of Cail sends the men, and if he sent any there, the body of men in that house would be fined so much money for serving contrary to rule: Johnson has not been with us these 12 months.

Thomas Chappel . I am a journeyman taylor; I belonged to the Joyner's Arms on the other side of the water: when I first was a committee man in the year 1762, the first house I met at was the Red Lion, in Bull and Mouth-street; this was only a city meeting. Our society had paid no money at that time, and they agreed that I should go to know what resolutions they had come to: I found they had collected 4 s. a man. I brought that resolution to our body of people, and told them the town was very much dissatisfied that we had paid no money in: we agreed to pay in 6 s. at 2 s. a week, from our house. The money was collected: this was to enable us to defend ourselves, if the masters brought on any prosecutions. It was resolved, that they should not work under 3 s. and 3 halfpence a day. When the order of sessions was in the year 1764, we came to a resolution to oppose it: we on the other side of the water subscribed 12 s. a man, and this side the water was but 6 s. If any man thought proper to comply with the order of sessions, he was scratch'd out of the society he belonged to; and in case we found out any man that worked contrary to our resolutions, he was represented to the general committee, and the representatives were to report him to their separate body; so that all journeymen throughout the town were not to work with him if the master continued him; and such masters were to be without men from our houses. The city raised above seven hundred pounds in the years 1762 and 1763: I do not know what was raised in the county; I believe the sum raised at the other end of the town came to that sum, or rather more. I remember the men leaving Mr. Dove, Mr. Fell, and Mr. Mason: they left Mr. Dove on account of one Breary working for him; and I remember the men leaving Mr. Mason on account of one Hollyday working with him; and the people belonging to the Crown in Duke's Place were not to be worked with, because they did not come into the scheme at that time. I have been in company with all the men trying now. I was at a meeting in the year 1763, at the Hole in the Wall, Fleet-street: then we had a general meeting of the whole town by the representatives, both of the city and suburbs. I was last at a meeting in April 1764, then I saw Jones, Milbourn, and Macham. Mr. Dobson has not been a committee man these two years. I have not been with Manning, Cannon, Sparks, Dobson, Berry, and Johnson for a year and a half, or better; since I was with Garrick it is rather longer.

Blood. I do not imagine Cannon has left off acting three months: there was a striking last March. Cannon acted all last summer. I was in company with him at the One Ton, in the Strand, last March; he delivered to me three letters to three houses, for the society to come into the body again: these letters were to invite the houses to send representatives to contract with them again.

Q. to Chapel. For what purpose was the 6 s. a man collected?

Chappel. That was to defend the law suit; or, in case a man was out of work, it was left to the representatives to do as they thought proper. We were still to bring our proportion to the law, if required; the men that did not work were supported with 6 s. a week; I paid 2 l. 12 s. 6 d. to Sparks from the society, at the Joyner's arms, Oct. 19, 1763. (The receipt which Sparks gave to him, produced and read in court.

Berry's Defence.

I work'd for a man for 3 s. a day; I left him; he saw me after that, and asked me to come again, and he would give me as much as any man; he gave me 3 s. 6 d. a day; I worked for him for half a crown a day: if I have done amiss, I am sorry for it; the order was given out no man should work with us; we were all turned about our business; I do not believe any master can lay to my charge that I asked them for any wages; I have never been near these societies since the charge was given out at Guildhall.

Milbourn, Machan, Manning, Cannon, Garrick, Jones, Sparks, Dobson, and Berry,

Guilty . Imp .

[Fine. See summary.]

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

Johnson, Acquitted .

John Welch.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbert17650417-63
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty

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291. (L.) John Welch was indicted for unlawfully, knowingly, and designedly, by false pretences, defrauding Sir Thomas Rawlinson , Knt. and Co. of a loaf of Sugar, and seven pounds of fine powder sugar , Jan. 24 . ++

Samuel Lloyd . I am servant to Sir Thomas Rawlinson and Co. grocers, in Fenchurch-street: the prisoner came to me on the 24th of January, and said the sugar he had the day before was too fine for common breakfast-sugar, and desired a coarser loaf might be sent; likewise he desired seven pound of fine powder sugar: we put them up for him. I had delivered sugar the day before, upon his bringing an order signed D. Napier: I understood he came from Mrs. Napper, in Grosvenor-street; he had had a loaf of sugar and a pound of jar-raisins: I had never seen the prisoner before, but thought he was servant to Mrs. Napper; she is a customer; her name is Ann, but her daughter's is Dorothy.

Mrs. Ann Napper . I know nothing of the man at the bar; I never saw him before in my life: neither he or any other person had any order from me, to fetch this sugar as mentioned. (The written order produced). This is not my hand writing, nor do I believe it is the hand-writing of my servant.

Miss Dorothy Napper . I never sent an order on or about the 24th of January (as this order expresses) for sugar, to Mr. Alderman Rawlinson's: I never saw the prisoner in my life before.

The prisoner, in his defence, said he was sent with the written order from where he was drinking, in Bond-street; and the old man, named John Lynch , that employed him, gave him half a crown for his trouble; and after that he desired him to be there the next day, by nine in the morning, and desired him to go again for this coarser sugar, and that the man said to him he was in debt, and was afraid of being troubled, so be sent him.

He called Margaret Smith and Thomas Fitzgerald , who both said they had known him a dozen years, and spoke indifferently well of him.

Mrs. Napper. I had a servant of that name, he would drink, but was very honest; he left me the third of January.

Acquitted .

(L.) He was a second time indicted for having in his custody a certain false paper, with the name D. Napier, bearing date the 23d of January, purporting to be an order or authority under the hand of D. Napper, directed to Sir Thomas Rawlinson , Knt, for the delivery of tea and sugar; that he directly went to the shop of the said Sir Thomas, &c. and there offered and published the said order to Bolton Hudson, servant to the said Sir Thomas Rawlinson and Co. well knowing it to be false, forged and counterfeited, with intent to defraud .

Bolton Hudson. I live with Messrs. Rawlinson and Co. On the 23d of January last the prisoner came to our shop, in Fenchurch-street, for tea, sugar and jar-raisins, to the value of 30 s. 7 d. with a note which I thought came from Mrs. Napper, in Grosvenor-street: I sent them; the note appeared afterwards to be forged: the goods were delivered to the prisoner.

Samuel Lloyd . I saw the order the prisoner brought the 23 d, and served him with the sugar and raisins: the prisoner appeared as a servant, with a cockade in his hat.

Mrs. Napper gave the same evidence as on the former trial.

The prisoner had nothing more to say than before.

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Cook, Charles Sebery, Richard Perry, John Taylor.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbero17650417-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Cook , Charles Sebery , Richard Perry , and John Taylor , capitally convicted last Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 17th of April.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. John Cook, Charles Sebery, Richard Perry, John Taylor.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbers17650417-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment, as follows:

Received Sentence of Death one.

John Pickett .

Transported for Fourteen Years, Four.

Richard Lovell , Lawrence Murphey , Patrick Courtney , and George Tanner .

Transported for Seven Years, Forty-five.

John Heron , George Dutton , George Wallis , John Cook , Eleanor Williams , Joseph Wackett , Thomas Fish , Eliz. Saunders, Joseph Robinson , Philip Garret , John Murdock , John Evans , Elizabeth Dukes , William Turner , Mary Harris , Thomas Kirk , Thomas Brown , John Randall , John Barker , Thomas Thompson , William Howarth , Sarah Murrill , Benjamin Morris , Francis Burk , Catharine M'Gle, Elizabeth Norman , Thomas Robinson , Sarah Drummer , Joseph Steele , Charles Magin , Alexander Rice , Mary Tooley , Elizabeth Homell , Bartholomew Muckleroy , Christopher William Turner , Joseph Stringer , Henry Booth , John Stone , Elizabeth Price , William Hornsby , William Row, John Dagenhart, Martha Richardson , Eleanor Johnson , and Michael Dalton .

Whipped, Two.

Mary Groves , and Elizabeth Colligan .

Branded, One.

Mary Cox .

Sparks and Cannon to be imprisoned in Newgate for a Year.

Milbourn, Manning, Macham, Jones, and Garrick, for Six Months.

Dobson and Berry, Three months. Each to pay to the King a shilling, and to find security for their good behaviour for a year after the expiration of their respective times.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Cook, Charles Sebery, Richard Perry, John Taylor.
17th April 1765
Reference Numbers17650417-1
SentenceDeath > executed

Related Material

John Cook , Charles Sebery , Richard Perry , and John Taylor , capitally convicted last Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 17th of April.

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