Old Bailey Proceedings.
12th December 1764
Reference Number: 17641212

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
12th December 1764
Reference Numberf17641212-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 12th, Thursday the 13th, Friday the 14th, Saturday the 15th, and Monday the 17th of DECEMBER.

In the Fifth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the First SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir William Stephenson , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER I. PART I. for the YEAR 1764.


Sold by W. NICOLL, in St. Paul's Church-yard.

[Price SIX-PENCE.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM STEPHENSON , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir Richard Adams , Knt. *, one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir John Eardley Wilmot, Knt. + one of the Judges of the Court of King's-Bench; James Eyre , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, +, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M. Middlesex.

London Jury.

John Overlove ,

Thomas Phipps ,

Charles Cawthorne ,

Samuel Baldwin ,

Samuel Osmond ,

Richard Fanicourt ,

Robert Townsend ,

Robert Childs ,

John Hagarth ,

Roger Harden ,

Thomas Beard ,

Daniel Brougham ,

Middlesex Jury.

Edward Anderson ,

Thomas Abbot ,

William White ,

Thomas Fowler ,

John Clarke ,

William Simpson ,

Thomas Bird ,

Richard Davis ,

Christopher Kempster ,

Lawrence Drummond ,

Thomas Milward ,

John Porter .

George Farrer.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-1
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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1. (L.) George Farrer was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of William Wallis , October 31 . +

William Wallis. On the 31st of October, between six, and seven in the evening, I felt a hand at my pocket, as I was under Newgate ; the prisoner was then close to me; I saw him put my handkerchief behind him: I spoke to a gentleman to assist me; the gentleman not caring to meddle, I attempted to secure him myself; he made an obstinate resistance; either he or an accomplice struck me with a stick on the head: with assistance I secured him, and took him into a public house. I sent for a constable: in carrying him to Woodstreet Compter, he attempted to get away; we again took him into a public house, and sent for a pair of hand-cuffs; he again struck me a violent blow on the face.

Jacob Pulling . I was in Pye-Corner, where the prisoner was secured; I saw him give a handkerchief to another man that struck the gentleman two or three times; then there came assistance; the prisoner and the other man made off, but the prisoner was soon secured.

Prisoner's Defence.

The gentleman said, I believe that is the man, that has got my handkerchief; I said, I'll go along with you any where: they brought me to the Horse-shoe and Magpye in Newgate-street, and searched me, and found nothing upon me.

Guilty 10 d. T .

Mary Rogan.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-2

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2. (M.) Mary Rogan , widow , was indicted, for stealing 18 pounds wt. of horse-hair, value 18 s. the property of Benjamin Slim , October 2 . +

Eleanor Hansley . I live with Mr. Benjamin Slim ; he is out of Town; we live in Golden Lane ; he is a horse-hair weaver ; the warehouse is in the back yard; he sells goods in it. I was sitting in the back parlour, about five in the evening, on the 2d of October; the apprentice told me the prisoner was in the warehouse; we went and met her coming out of the cellar up into the street; the way through that cellar goes to the warehouse; I took hold of her, when on the last step; she had 18 pounds of horse-hair in her apron, which she was going to drop; I asked her how she came by it? she said she found it in the cellar; and was going to bring it up. She had worked for us, but not lately.

Sarah Bourn . I work for the prosecutor; I saw the prisoner go into the warehouse, and in about two or three minutes, I saw her go out again; but I could only see her upper part, so did not see what she had got. (The hair produced, and deposed to as the prosecutor's property).

Prisoner's Defence.

I went in for some work, and trod upon something; I put it in my lap to bring to my master.

E. Hansley. Mr. Slim had told her he would give her work again, but she had not received it; she was to weave girth web; but this was long hair, not proper for that work.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the warehouse . T .

Matthew James.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-3
VerdictNot Guilty

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3. (M.) Matthew James was indicted for falsely forging a counterfeit bill of exchange, for the payment of 30 l. in words and figures following:

Liverpool, Aug. 16. 1764. At one month pay this first of exchange: to the order of John Hall, the sum of 30 l. value receiv'd in Cash, which place to account, as per advice.

To Mesrs. Thomas and William Croft , merchants in London.

Rich. Scott.

Accepted Sept. the 3d. Wm Croft .

On the back, John Hall, Robert Sconswer .

No. - 1543.

and for publishing the same, knowing it to be forged, with intention to defraud Ralph Fenwick , September 11 . +

Ralph Fenwick . I am an anchor smith , and live in Shadwell : the prisoner came to my house the 11th of September, about noon, to buy an anchor; we agreed for one that weighed 500 3 qrs. and 26 pounds, at the rate of 30 s. per hundred; he produced a bill, drawn from Liverpool, (as mentioned in the indictment); my anchor came to 8 l. 19 s. 6 d. he bought four irons for caulking ships, which came to 2 s. and I gave him the ballance of the bill, which was 15 l. 8 s. 6 d. in cash, and a note for 5 l. 10 s. to make up the sum, not having so much cash by me, which he was to bring in the afternoon, and take the money: he went away; but never came with the note, nor for the anchor. I never saw him after that, till he was taken on another such affair. (The bill read in court). The last indorsement, Robert Sconswer , is his own hand writing; I saw him write it for his own name. There was one Mr. Vickerton with me at my door, who is owner of several ships, who had some knowledge of him; so that I had no mistrust of him, and asked him no questions concerning the drawer of the bill, or Croft: the prisoner told me he had a ship in the river, and he said he was recommended to me by Mr. Maylin of Scarborough, whom I know perfectly well; he not coming, I went and enquired of a person that had some connections at Liverpool, and found Mr. Scott's brother-in-law, who told me this, and several other bills, were forged upon Mr. Scott. He went along with me to Mr. John Croft , in Turn-wheel Lane, Cannon-street; but there were no such persons as Thomas and William Croft , partners, to be found.

Titteley, the brother-in-law to Mr. Scott of Liverpool, being a Quaker, would not swear, so could not be examined.

Newsham Hodges and William Barnes , deposed, that they had received each bills of the same sort from the prisoner, which they were convinced were forged.

Richard Heklin, who transacts business for Mr. John Croft , deposed, he had refused two or three such bills, suspecting them since to be forged, as Mr. John Croft has no correspondence with any Mr. Scott at Liverpool.

As there was a defect in the evidence, no person being present to prove the bill was not the handwriting of Richard Scott , or that there was no such person at Liverpool, he was acquitted ; but detained to be tried for such an offence in Surrey.

Michael Cremain.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-4
VerdictNot Guilty

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4. (M.) Michael Cremain was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 5 s. one cloth waistcoat, value 6 d. one pair of velvet breeches, value 1 s. the property of James Sidera ; one pair of silver buckles, value 12 s. one plush waistcoat and one silk handkerchief , the property of Peter Fliggart , November 19 . +

Margaret Fliggart . I am wife to Peter Fliggart ; he is a seafaring man ; the prisoner had lodged formerly in my house, in Cable-street, Rosemary Lane ; he came to my door on the 18th of November, about 11 at night; I got out of my bed to let him in; he set himself down by the fire-side, and would not go to bed; he put my curtain on one side, and saw the things mentioned, some lying on a chest, and some hanging on a line: he stuck his knife in the wall, and swore, the first that spoke, he would be their butcher; there was only my child and I in the room; he took the things and went away with them: about a fortnight after, I catched him, with the coat, waistcoat, breeches, and handkerchief on.

The prisoner, in his defence, said, he had been married to the prosecutrix twelve years, which she did not attempt to contradict.

Acquitted .

Patrick Nicholson.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-5

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5. (M.) Patrick Nicholson was indicted for stealing 30 pounds weight of mutton, value 5 s. the property of Joshua Constable , November 6 . +

The prosecutor is a butcher in Clare-market ; he had a quantity of meat hanging out, for the benefit of the air, on the 6th of November, at night, and a person to watch it. The mutton mentioned was missing, and the prisoner stopped with it at the Cock and Hoop, by Holborn Bars, very early the next morning, which Samuel Ireland , the prosecutor's journeyman, deposed to, as his master's property. The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty . T .

William Davenport.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-6

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6. (M.) William Davenport was indicted for stealing 78 silver tea-spoons, value 36 s. the property of William Watkins , November 13 . +

William Watkins . I live at the corner of Red-lion-street, Clerkenwell, and am a silver spoon maker : the prisoner was my clerk . On the 13th of November, Elias Levi came and gave me an order for some spoons: when he went away, the prisoner went out upon business: Levi soon returned, and ask'd me, whether my clerk traded for himself? and said, he had wanted him to buy some spoons of him; I told him to comply with it, and send for me at the time, which he did: I went to Levi's Master's, and there staid till Levi came for me, in Adams's court, Duke's Place: I went with him, about half after 8 in the evening to the Blue Boar hard by, where was the prisoner and these spoons, (producing 78 tea-spoons) my property; they have my mark upon them: I said, what, do you sell my spoons? he said, he was a little distressed; he had been in company on my Lord Mayor's day, and had pawned his watch, and this was in order to get it out again, and said, he hoped I would not charge the constable with him, it was the first time he had done so: when the Jew told me this, I went up into the prisoner's room, and in his waistcoat pocket I found three dozen and a half of these very spoons; I left them in his pocket, and when I went out in the evening, in order to meet him at the Jew's, for a blind, I told him I was going to the play.

Elias Levi . I had been to the prosecutor's to bespeak goods; the prisoner followed me, and said he had some spoons of his own, and wanted me to buy them. I ordered him to come about 8 at night with them, and when he left me, I went back and told his master of it, and he came by appointment to Mr. Myer's, my master, and when the prisoner and I had bargained, I went over to my Master's, pretending to fetch the money, and brought the prosecutor to him; he sold them to me as his own property.

Guilty . T .

Samuel Webb.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-7
VerdictNot Guilty

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7. (M.) Samuel Webb was indicted for stealing one piece of shamoy skin, value 1 s. and

a pound and a half of brass pins, value 3 s. the property of Matthew Yendle and Richard Bowring , September 20 . *

Acquitted .

William Ashwood.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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8. (M.) William Ashwood was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 5 s. the property of Robert Hodgson , November 7 . *

Mrs. Hodgson. I live in Long-Acre ; my husband, Robert Hodgson , died since the shirt was stolen: on the 7th of November I was in the parlour, and saw the prisoner in the yard by the shirt that is lost; it was hanging to dry; I asked him what business he had there? I was obliged to turn round to speak to two gentlemen that came in; about a quarter of an hour after that, I went into the yard, and the shirt was gone.

Samuel Archibald . I keep a public house in King-street, Seven Dials; the prisoner came in, very much in liquor, between six and seven that night, and called for a pennyworth of beer; he had a shirt, which he hung by the side of the fire to dry; he took it away with him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in view of a Jobb on the morrow; I went for my shirt to the washerwoman; it was not quite dry, so I hung it before the fire to dry; I was in liquor, and going home lost it.

Acquitted .

William Bond, William Ellis.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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9, 10. (L.) William Bond , and William Ellis , were indicted for stealing five linen shirts, value 40 s. the property of Thomas Grant ; one linen shirt, value 5 s. one child's shift, value 2 s. one child's slip, value 2 s. and five linen aprons, value 5 s. the property of Stephen Edwards , December 3 . ++

Thomas Grant . I am beadle to the Company of Cloth-workers ; Mrs Ringrose washes for me, and several neighbours; she takes the things one week, and brings them the next; I can only say, there was five shirts, which I saw in a bundle before the Justice, my property; some marked with blue, and some with red.

Mary Ringrose . I am a washerwoman, and live at Lambeth: on Monday, the 3d of December, I brought a bundle of linen in a basket to the end of Billiter Lane, in Fenchurch-street: I left my bundle, as I have done several times, at a cobler's stall, while I went to carry some things to a house; at coming back, I missed out of the basket a bundle, which contained the things mentioned in the indictment, some the property of Mr. Grant, and some of Mr. Edwards (mentioning them particularly). I got them advertised in the next day's paper; and on that day James Grief came at about 11 o'clock, and told me he had taken two men, and the things were safe: I went with him to the Coach and Horses in Whitechapel; there they were, all safe, in the possession of the la ndlord. I went before Justice Berry, and swore to the things, as the property of the respective owners.

James Grief . I was coming over the keys from Billingsgate; James Salway and Charles Weaver were with me: I saw the two prisoners on Little Tower-Hill; Ellis had the bundle; I went up to him, and took hold of the bundle, and took them to the Coach and Horses; there I opened the bundle, it contained the things mentioned in the indictment, with a bill in it, on which was Mr. Edwards's name, by which means I found Mr. Edwards, who sent me over the water to the washerwoman; there were two handkerchiefs, tied one over the other, round the bundle; one prisoner owned to one, and the other to the other; when I took them, Bond said they were all his shirts.

Q. How came you to suspect they were stolen goods?

Grief. I knew Bond to be a companion of Sliford's, that was tried last September Sessions.

Ellis's Defence.

Going through Fenchurch-street to the 'Change, this bundle lay by the side of a post; I asked some coachmen if they belonged to it? they said, No: I said I would take it up, may be I shall get a reward for it; I took it under my arm and went to the 'Change; they told me the Captain was not there that I went to speak with; then going over Tower-Hill, they took us up.

Mrs. Ringrose. All the separate bundles were tied over with a cord: the man that fits in the bulk used to look after my things, when I was absent, but he was gone out with a pair of shoes.

Bond's Defence.

I had been to the India-House, and going back, I met with Ellis; he asked me to lend him my handkerchief to tie round the bundle: and I lent it him.

Both Acquitted .

John Miller.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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11. (L.) John Miller was indicted for stealing two gold rings, with certain stones set therein, value 20 s. the Property of Thomas Harding , October 18 . ++

Ann Harding . I am wife to the prosecutor; he is a goldsmith ; we live in the Minories . On the 18th of October, in the evening, the prisoner came and asked to look at a gold ring; I shewed him half a dozen; he draw'd his hand over them, and said none of them would do, and he should not steal above an hundred pounds, if I would show him the glass: I show'd him the glass; he put his hand down upon the rings, and said a guinea was too much; (I asked him that for one) he kept his hands over them for some time; then he said, Your servant, madam, I'll come to-morrow; and was turning to go. I said, Harkee, Sir, and took him by his two hands, and took a ring out of each hand; they seemed as if they stuck there with something; my daughter got hold of him also; he got away and left his cane. After my husband came home, my daughter went up the Minories, and he was taken, I believe in less than a quarter of an hour.

The rings produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor and wife.

Elizabeth, the daughter, confirmed her testimony.

Mr. Harding. On the 18th of October, I was one of the grand jury; we had a dinner in the Minories; my daughter came and told me they had detected a thief; I ran home; my wife told me the man had left his cane, and ran cross the way; my daughter said she knew him; we went up the Minories, and about forty-doors from my house, we found him in the passage to the Three Kings: I took him by the collar, and asked him how he durst go into my shop to steal rings? he said he never was in my shop, and knew nothing of the matter: there was a sheriff's officer, who is a constable; I gave him charge of him; we searched him, and found but one shilling, fivepence halfpenny, and two farthings upon him: he told me he lived in Stanhope-street, Clare-market.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been at Horn-fair, and coming back up the Minories, I went into the gentlewoman's shop, and asked to see a ring of about 12 s. I took a ring, and put it on my finger, and asked the price; she said, a guinea: I had then one in my hand; I said I wanted one at half a guinea; she snatched them from me, and said I came to rob her; my cane was lying on the compter; she seized that, said she, you have no money in your pocket; I took and threw a guinea on the compter; she ran between me and the compter, and in my flurry, I lost my guinea: I went away, and returned again for my cane; she would not let me have it; she said to the girl, go and call your father, he is at the Three Kings. I had drank a little; I went and asked for the Three Kings, and asked for a gentleman that keeps a Silver-smith's shop; they told me he was gone home, they having taken a thief in his shop: I said, I am that person that was in his shop: I staid till he came there; he seiz'd me by the collar, and said, I'll mell you! I said, hear what I have to say: he demanded where I liv'd? I said, in White-Horse-Yard, Catherine-street: they asked me to drink a glass of wine; I sat down: then Mrs. Harding came, and said, Say you took them out of a joke: no, said I, I shall not acknowledge myself a thief. After that, they told me to go about my business, but I would not go without my cane.

Mrs. Harding. He never show'd any money to me, and he had not the ring on his finger; he did come back for his cane, but I would not let him have it; and he was gone again before my husband came.

Acquitted .

William Nunn.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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12. (L.) William Nunn was indicted for stealing seven pewter plates, value 5 s. one pewter mustard-pot, value 12 d. and one pewter salt, value 6 d. the property of Henry Joseph , November 21 . ++

Henry Joseph . I am a pewterer ; I live in New-street, Shoe-lane ; my apprentice told me there were five pewter plates secreted in my shop; this was on the 20th of November; I bid him go and give them a private mark, and watch them. On the 21st, the prisoner took an opportunity of staying till all the rest of the men were gone to breakfast; and after he was gone, the plates were missing. I went to Guildhall, and took a search-warrant, and went to his lodgings in a little street near Break-neck stairs, at the house of one Harris; there we found seven plates, a mustard pot, and pepper caster; two of the plates we had missed a day or two before; five of the plates were marked; I saw my apprentice mark them: upon my shewing the prisoner the things, he begged pardon, and offered to go down on his knee. I took him before the Alderman; there he owned the fact.

(The five plater produced and deposed to). He worked for me at nine shillings per week; he turned a wheel, and portered for me.

Prisoner. I submit myself to the mercy of the court.

Guilty 10 d. T .

William Morgan.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-12

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13. (L.) William Morgan was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of William Petit , December 1 . ++

William Petit . Last Saturday was se'ennight, about a quarter before six, coming along Lombard-street , I felt something tugging at my pocket; I turned my head about; the prisoner's hand hit my elbow. I saw him put my handkerchief behind him: I searched, and could not find it upon him; he said, perhaps I had drop'd it; we were then about two or three yards from the place where I saw it in his hand; we went back, and he picked it up; there was nobody near me but the prisoner, when I felt the tug. (The handkerchief produced, and deposed to).

Prisoner's Defence.

I saw two chaps turn the corner, and drop something; when he charged me, I told him I saw something fall from them; I went back, and picked his handkerchief up, and gave it to him. I live with Mr. Russel, in Bunhill-Row.

Guilty . T .

Mary Fulham.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-13
VerdictGuilty > pleaded guilty
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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14. (M.) Mary Fulham , spinster , was indicted for stealing five pints of brandy, value 6 s. and three glass quart bottles, value 6 d. the property of John Bowstrell ; to which she pleaded Guilty . B .

Mary .
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-14
VerdictNot Guilty

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15. (M.) Mary, wife of John Cost , was indicted for receiving the said brandy and bottles, well knowing the same to have been stolen by Mary Fulham .

The prosecutor declaring he had no other evidence to prove the fact, besides what Fulham had told him, she was Acquitted .

Thomas Rochford.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-15

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16. (M.) Thomas Rochford was indicted for stealing a silver quart mug, value 39 s. the property of John Phillips , November 23 . *

John Phillips . I keep a public house in Long-Acre : the prisoner came and call'd for a pint of beer on the 23d of last month, betwixt one and two o'clock: he sat and drank till about six; there were people in the same box had been drinking out of a silver pint mug: after the prisoner was gone out, Mr. Worster told me he had carried off a silver mug, he believed: I then missed it: I went out at the door, and saw the prisoner standing still, about thirty yards from the door; I went and laid hold of him, and desired him to walk back: he made a sort of a scuffle to get off, and the mug dropt from under his coat. (Produced and deposed to).

James Worster . I was close to the prisoner when the tankard fell from him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to this house to meet a friend, and was intoxicated in liquor; I did not think of defrauding the gentleman, no more than the farthest man in the world. I am a jeweller, and came from Birmingham.

Guilty . T .

George Mitchell.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-16

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17. (M.) George Mitchell was indicted for stealing a brown Mare, value 16 l. the property of Francis Manby , Esq ; August 18 . *

Francis Manby . I live in Essex, near Burntwood . I lost a brown mare out of a field there, between the 17th and 18th of August, in the night.

Q. When had you seen her last?

Manby. I had seen her between six and seven o'clock the night before.

Q. Describe the Mare.

Manby. She is a large dark brown saddle mare: I heard of her about two months afterwards. I went to Justice Welch's; William Bradley , the man that bought her, was there: I went with him to Staines (he drives the Staines stage-coach); he delivered the mare up to me.

Q. What is the prisoner? Did you know him before?

Manby. I never saw him in my life, before I saw him before Justice Welch.

Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?

Manby. I did not hear him say any thing.

William Bradley . The brown mare that I delivered up to Mr. Manby, I bought of the prisoner at the bar, I believe about three or four days before Guildford assize.

Q. When was that?

Bradley That was about a month or six weeks before Mr. Manby had her again of me.

Q. Where did you buy her?

Bradley. I bought her at Turnham-green; she stood there, where we call to water, going up and coming down, the farther Pack-horse. Mr. Clark, that lives there, told me she was to be sold; she was standing in the street, with a sack on her back, and the prisoner was by her. He said, if I had a mind to have her, I should have her on trial; so I took out one of my own horses, and put her in, and drove to London, and out again to Turnham-green. The prisoner met me on the road, and got upon the coach, and rode to Turnham-green. I asked the price of the mare, but cannot be certain whether he asked eight guineas or seven: I agreed to give him six guineas and a half: I think I gave him half a guinea earnest, and he rode the mare along by the coach to Staines, and paid him the remainder of the money, and he delivered the mare up to me.

Q. What is the value of the mare?

Bradley. I cannot tell; she is over age.

Q. to Prosecutor. What is the mare worth?

Prosecutor. I never intended to part with her, so I never set a price on her. She can be worth no less than 16 or 18 guineas.

Bradley. The prisoner came with me to Turnham-green the next day; he said, she was his own, and he sold her because she was too heavy for him.

Mr. Grinstead. I saw the mare in Mr. Manby's field, on the 17th of August, between six and seven at night, and in the morning she was gone. I was with Mr. Manby, when Mr. Bradley delivered the mare up to him; I know her very well.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have nobody to speak for me.

Guilty . Death .

William Stallard.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-17

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18. (M.) William Stallard was indicted for stealing two silver table spoons, value 12 s. the property of Thomas Jenkinson , Nov. 21 . *

Thomas Jenkinson . I keep a publick-house in Bethnal-green parish. The prisoner came to my house, on the 21st of November, between four and five in the afternoon, and called for a pot of beer; he had a woman with him; he took her into a back room, where they were some time: after that, he came to the bar, and asked for a half-penny-worth of gin; I served him; the woman then I believe was gone: he then went into the back-kitchen, and spoke to the child over my wife's shoulder. When he was gone, my wife immediately followed him, and said to me, he had taken a silver spoon: I missed it immediately, as he was bidding a gentleman good night, about a yard or two from the door. I went and laid hold of his arm, and said, Sir, I believe you have got a spoon of mine, and insisted on his going back to be searched: I put him into the little room, where he and the woman had been together. I called for a candle, and as he was fumbling, I saw the handle of the spoon in his hand; I said I saw it; then he gave it into my hand: (produced and deposed to.) I charged him with another I had lost, of the 27th of October, and he owned he did take it: that I never had again.

Moses George . I was at searching the prisoner, and saw him deliver the spoon to Mr. Jenkinson, and heard him own he had taken away another, the fellow spoon to this.

Thomas Brett deposed to the same purport, being by at the time.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was making water at the step of the door, and kicked against the spoon: I took it up; the gentleman challenged me with the spoon; I said, here it is, and delivered it to him.

He called Anne Reynolds and Elizabeth Martin , who had known him five years, and Job Field two, who said they never heard any ill of him.

Guilty . T .

August .
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-18
VerdictNot Guilty

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19. (M.) August (a Negroman ) was indicted for stealing two guineas and a pair of scissars , the property of Lionel Leonard , November 22 . +

Lionel Leonard . The prisoner is servant to a gentleman that has my first floor: I live in Duke-street, Lincoln's-Inn-Fields; I heard the prisoner own he had taken the two guineas mentioned in the indictment, and that he had bought some silver buckles with part of the money.

William Leonard . I laid two guineas (my brother's property) into a drawer in the bureau, in the parlour, on Wednesday the 21st of November; the drawer was not locked: the next day they

were missing; I suspected August, and took him before Justice Welch; there he owned he had taken them; but when he owned it, he was very much in liquor: he said, he had bought two pair of silver buckles with it; they were in his shoes and knees: he did not say what he had done with the rest of the money.

Prisoner's Defence.

I saved that money up, by dressing people's hair, and finishing coffins.

Prosecutor. I am a coffin-maker: I have frequently employed August. I have trusted him with things of hundreds of pounds value, and never missed any thing before.

George Vaughan . I brought the prisoner from abroad; he has had it in his power to have robbed me of things of great Value: he has several times brought my purse to me: I never missed money out of it.

John Clark . (one of the jury.) The prisoner's master's sister lodged at my house a year and a half: he used to come to and fro' with messages, and has been in my house for hours together, and I never missed any thing by him.

Acquitted .

Moses Birch.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-19
VerdictNot Guilty

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20. (M.) Moses Birch was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of James Howell , privately from his person , November 14 . +

James Howell . I am a gentleman's servant , at Ratcliff-cross. I was going into the city, on the 14th of November, and the prisoner went with me for company: I have known him four years: (he is a waterman ): we went to the house of Nicholas Butler , a private house, in Cable-street ; my watch was in my fob when I went in, which was between ten and eleven at night: they got some beer for us; there were a servant maid, a woman lodger, and the man of the house, all strangers to me; they were on one side the fire, and we on the other. In about half an hour, I missed my watch, and taxed the prisoner with it, because he sat close by that side of me. He blasted my eyes, and said, he had not got it, and swore I never wore a watch. I told Butler I had been robbed in his house, and expected he would look into it: I went for an officer, and when I came back the door was shut, and I could not get in. I knocked at a door, but am not sure it was the right door. The next morning, I got a warrant, and took the prisoner up at his own house; before the justice, he said he had not got it; then he told the justice I had lost it in Butler's house, up stairs with a woman.

Q. Did you go up stairs with a woman?

Howell. I don't remember that I did; I was in liquor. The justice said, he must find that house and the woman; we went there with a constable: going back, he told me if I would make it up, he would let me have my watch, and pay the expence I had been at. I told him I was very agreeable to that, if the justice was. His wife was present: he desired leave to speak with her. He sent her home, and she carried the watch to my master's house: then I had word sent me it was there, and I was desired to come home. After that, the watch was carried before the justice, and he committed the prisoner.

Anne Low . I was a lodger in Butler's house; the prisoner and prosecutor came in between ten and eleven o'clock; the prosecutor was very much in liquor, and had like to have fell down, as he was going to sit down. My landlord said to him, you seem to be very much in liquor; if you'll go to bed, you shall have the key of your door, and if you have money, or any thing, deliver it to me, and I'll return it in the morning. He said he had no money, but he would deliver his watch: he put his hand to his fob, and missed his watch; this was after he had been in the house about three quarters of an hour: Mr. Butler and I were sitting on one side of the fire, and the prisoner and prosecutor on the other. When he said I am robbed, Mr. Butler said, God forbid: the prisoner said he never knew him to wear a watch in his life. He went out to call the watch, and the prisoner staid all night. About a quarter of an hour after he was gone, I saw a silver watch in the prisoner's hand, but whose it was, I know not; he took it out, to see what o'clock it was.

Nicholas Butler . I live in Cable-street. The prosecutor and prisoner came to my house between ten and eleven o'clock that night. He confirmed the testimony of the last witness.

William Siseham . I am a constable. I had a warrant to take the prisoner up: I told him, he had better give the man his watch again, than go before the justice; he denied having it, or ever seeing it. I carried him before Justice Berry; he said the same there. He said they were at a house in the Back-lane, and Mr. Howell was lying on a bed with a woman: the justice said, if the prisoner could not find that woman, he must be committed. I went with him to the house of Butler; the people told me the same as they have here. When we

were coming back, near the justice's house, the prisoner said, let us go in at the sign of the Bell: Mr. Howell was very willing to make it up, but I said I could not discharge the prisoner without going to the justice. I asked the justice if it might be done? he said no, bring him before me. The prisoner had sent his wife for the watch, and that was carried to Mr. Crump, the prosecutor's master. (The watch produced and deposed to by prosecutor.)

Butler. This is like the watch I saw in the prisoner's hand.

Prisoner's Defence.

I live within four or five doors of Mr. Howell: he was drinking at the Antigallican-arms, and asked me to go with him: I said, where? he said, never mind where, I'll pay for you: he carried me into the Back-lane, and went into a house that I don't know again, and came out again; then into another; he called only for a pint of beer: when he came out there, I would have had him to go home: then we went to the Three Tuns, where he began to heave money about on the table: I said, let me take care of your watch; he being very drunk, put it down on the table, and bid me take care of it till next morning: I took it up after that, and instead of going home, he went to the house of Butler; there he wanted something to drink: he being so very drunk, I thought it best to get out of his company; I gave six-pence to go to bed: the reason I denied it, was, to see whether he knew what was become of it: if I had any roguishness in my heart, I might have sold or pawned it, but I never thought of keeping it; if I did, I wish I may die in the place where I stand.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Belee.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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21. (M.) Elizabeth Belee , spinster , was indicted for stealing four pair of gold ear-rings, value 10 s. the property of Robert Audley , privately, in the shop of the said Robert , November 3 . +

Phebea Audley . My husband's name is Robert: we keep a pawnbroker's shop in Ratcliff . On the 3rd of November, the prisoner came to fetch out a handkerchief she had pledged before; she said, her name was Monk, and I delivered it to her: she then wanted to see some gold ear-rings; I reached down twenty-two, linked together, some with knobs, and some only wires, she bid me weigh a pair, which I did; they came to 5 s. 6 d. she reached to me, and took the whole link; then she said, weigh another pair, and kept the link in her hand. While I was looking down to tell her the price, she said, I'll give you 5 s. for the first pair: she laid the link down, and said, I have no money to pay for them, put them in a paper, and I'll call for them presently, and away she went: I looked at the link, and found there were but 18 pair; I ran to the door, but she was out of sight. As we set down in a book where every body lives that use our shop, we looked, and found her by the name Monk, and lived in Kingstreet, New Gravel-lane. I and our little boy went there; and, on enquiring at the third door, she came to the door herself: I took her by the petticoat, and said, you jade, you have robbed me. She said, she did not know me: I was in the street, and she on the threshold; her mother came, and said, you vile jade, you shall not hold my child: she tore my handkerchief, and threw me down, and both of them used me in a very bad manner: she shoved her daughter into the house, and I kept hold of her: she got her into a great chair, and sat upon her: the girl took something out of her pocket in a paper, and delivered it to her mother: I said, let me see it; she said I should not. My husband came, and staid by her, while I went for a constable: I never found my ear-rings: both the mother and daughter offered to pay for them, or to make me any satisfaction. She was taken before Justice Berry, who committed the mother to New Prison, and the daughter to Bridewell.

Robert Audley . I know there were twenty-two pair of ear-rings on a link over night, and after the prisoner had been at our shop, there were four pair missing. I heard the prisoner and mother offer to pay two guineas, or any thing else that we would take.

Q. Did the prisoner own she had taken the ear-rings?

R. Audley. No, she did not.

William Legroves . I am headborough. I had charge given me of the prisoner: I talked to her a good deal to let the people have their things again: she said, she could not, if she was to be wracked to death, but was willing to make them any satisfaction.

Prisoner's Defence.

My father-in-law's name is Thomas Monk ; what I pledged was his property. I asked Mrs. Audley the price of a pair of ear-rings? she said 6 s. then she weighed a pair that came to 5 s. 6 d. I said 5 s. is very well for them; when I had been at home two hours, there came she and a little

boy; I went to the door; she came and took hold of me, and said I had robbed her: I was put in charge of an officer: he asked me if I was guilty? I said no. He said, I had better make it up; but she said, she did not know what the things were worth that she had lost.

She called Thomas Monk , her father-in-law, Wm Smith , Anne Hunter, Thomas Watson, and Mary Young , who all gave her a good character.

Phebea Audley. This Smith, who comes to give her a character, held both my arms behind me, in order to let her get away, when in her father's house.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Stanfield.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-21

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22. (M.) Elizabeth Stanfield , otherwise Ogden , spinster , was indicted for stealing thirteen guineas, the property of John Crofts , in his dwelling-house , March 20 . +

John Crofts . I live in orchard-street, Westminster ; the prisoner lodged in my house; she was with me about two months before this thing happend.

Q. What are you?

Crofts. I am a plaisterer's labourer ; she lodged in the Ambury before she came to me.

Q. What is she?

Crofts. They say she is a girl of the town, but I did not know that when I took her in; she used to come down to my room in a morning, to have a little water for tea. On the 20th of March, I was at home at dinner, and went to my work again with the key of the box, in which were thirteen guineas, all the money I had; the box was put under the head of my bed, and locked, and when I looked for my money, which was on the Thursday following, it was gone: the 20th was on a Tuesday.

Q. When had you seen it last?

Crofts. I had seen it about ten days before: my wife went to make the bed, and missed the box; it was found under the prisoner's bed, broke open; but the prisoner had quitted her lodgings on that 20th of March, and I never could light of her till the 21st of October. I could hear of her several times, that she was at the Goat and Black Horse, in the Strand.

Q. What time of the day did she leave her lodgings?

Crofts. She left them on the Tuesday, in the afternoon, before I came home from work, which was at six, or half an hour after. When she found I was after her, she removed to another place. I found her at last, in Duck-lane, within an hundred yards of my house: I heard where she was, and went to her: she had lodged with us at times, about three quarters of a year.

Q. What did she say?

Crofts. She said, How do you do, Mr. Crofts? I said, but very indifferent: how do you do? as hearty as a buck, said she. I said to the constable, there is your prisoner. Said she, must I go along with you? I said, yes. D - n you, she said, you have taken me at a disadvantage. When she came to the justice's, she denied it, and said, another woman took it; but we never saw the other woman before or since. She says, she left the other woman at Manchester or Birmingham: there was a woman at dinner with us that day, in my room, the room where the box was: she was a stranger to us.

Sarah Crofts . I am wife to the prosecutor. I never missed the box, till the Thursday after that Tuesday, when she left her lodgings in the afternoon; then I found it under the foot of her bed, in her room.

Q. Did she owe you any thing when she went away?

S. Crofts. She owed me 10 s. I did not know of her going: the lock of the box was broke all to pieces; my husband was at work when I found it: there was nothing of any consequence in it, except the 13 guineas, which were taken away; they were in a little purse, and my husband kept the key.

Q. When had you seen the box before?

S. Crofts. I believe I had seen it about four or five days before. On that Tuesday, she had a breast of mutton and turnips, and dined in my room, and a young woman with her that I never saw before.

Q. How long did that young woman stay?

S. Crofts. She staid there a few hours.

Q. How long did your husband stay?

S. Crofts. He staid no longer than his dinner hour; the prisoner and that woman both went away together, about two hours after my husband.

Q. Did you continue in the room all the time they were there?

S. Crofts. I did.

Q. from Prisoner. Did not she agree that woman should lie along with me, unknown to her husband, for a week?

S. Crofts. No. I never saw that woman before or since.

Prisoner's Defence.

I lodged with them, on and off, two years. I never thought they were worth a guinea, or a

quarter of a guinea, in the world. Their house was open to all comers and goers: that day that I went away, I came down stairs, and said I was very ill; the woman that lodged with me, got a dram; he, his wife, and she, got all drunk together; I laid down on the bed. I went with a friend into the country, and when I came back, I went to live where he found me; I did not go to his house, because I owed him some money: I am as innocent of it, as the child unborn. She sent me that day to pawn her gown.

Q. to S. Crofts. Did you ever send her to pawn your gown?

S. Crofts. No, I never sent her to pawn any thing.

Q. Can you recollect when you had seen your money last?

S. Crofts. I hit the chamber-pot against the box under the bed on the Sunday morning before it was lost.

Q. Was you out on that Tuesday?

S. Crofts. I never go out, from year's end to years end. I was not out that Sunday, nor the Monday neither: I did go out on the Tuesday to Tothill-street, on an errand, but I was not gone half an hour.

Q. to John Crofts . What was the size of the box?

John Crofts . It was about two feet long, and a foot wide.

Q. to S. Crofts. What time of the day did you go to Tothill-street?

S. Crofts. I went in the forenoon.

Q. Where was the prisoner then?

S. Crofts. She was then in the house.

Q. Did you lock your room door?

S. Crofts. I did; but we have a little back-door, that has only a button to it.

Q. Did she know of your going out?

S. Crofts. I don't know that she did.

Q. Had you seen her any time that morning?

S. Crofts. I had seen her a very little time before I went out; she used frequently to come down to our room, pretending she could not be by herself.

Q. When you came back, how did you find that back door?

S. Crofts. Then I found it unbuttoned.

Q. Had she used to come into your room by that door?

S. Crofts. She used to come sometimes by one door, and sometimes the other.

Q. Was it easy to open that door?

S. Crofts. The button is withinside, but it may be opened with a knife very easily.

Q. Was it buttoned when you went out?

S. Crofts. I turned the button with my own hand, when I went out.

Guilty . Death .

John Heaton.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-22

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23. (M.) John Heaton was indicted for stealing sixteen pair of leather shoes , the property of Charles Randall , Nov. 9 . +

Charles Randall . I am a shoemaker and leather-cutter , and live in St. Clement's Church-yard: on the 24th of July last, the prisoner asked work of me; I granted him work; he worked at his own lodgings; he made about two or three pair of shoes a week, for about two months: he gave me to understand, he had a gentleman that allowed him a guinea a week: from that time, he did little, or no work at all, till I detected him. It was usual with him to come in a morning, and beg the favour of the horn to pull up his shoes, as soon, or rather before that the shop was open. On Thursday, the 8th of November, when I went down in the morning, my servant asked me if I had sent any shoes out? I said no: then he said, on Wednesday night, two different pairs of shoes were brought in by two different workmen, which he said he was certain were stolen, and we suspected the prisoner. I ordered my servant, whose name is Samuel Orton , not to come down without me in the morning: we both went down together, rather after seven; this was the Friday: at coming down the last pair of stairs, somebody knocked at the door; I desired my servant not to unlock the door, till he had looked into the press; he did, and told me all was right, as left last night. I went up ten stairs, and stood there; he opened the door; a customer came in, and the prisoner at the bar, as customary, followed him, with his shoes about his heels; followed him thro' the shoe-shop, into the other shop: he passed by the press; my servant served a customer with a pair of heel-pieces; and in about three or four minutes, let him out at the back door. He followed him out, and began to take down the shutters; the prisoner returned into the shoe-shop while he was taking them down, and sat down upon a chair, opened the press, and took out four pair of stuff shoes, and, seemingly to me, put them into his side-pocket; he had cut the lining of his coat, so that as he got up, they fell down into the skirts of his coat: he then pulled open the sash above, and I saw him put his hand in: I did not care to see what he took. After my servant had taken down the shutters, he came into the shop: I went down, and said, Sam, let me have a pair of shoes:

the prisoner stood on the threshold; he moved his hat to me, and said. are you going to my Lord Mayor's show? if you are, I can get you a very good place. I turned, and went into the leather-shop, and the prisoner said, A good morning. As soon as he was gone, I bid my man open the press door; he did, and there were four pair missing; he followed, and took the prisoner by the collar, about sixteen yards from the door: he brought him back, and six pair of shoes were found upon him: he had taken two from above, and four below; (produced and deposed to): I took him before Justice Fielding, who committed him: going in the coach to New Prison, I asked him where my goods were, having lost a good many shoes: he said, come to me; I took my brother and another person; he confessed to goods being at four pawnbrokers, which are here in court. I found many that I have not laid in the indictment.

Thomas Hatton , John Jones , and William Hagan , three pawnbrokers, produced shoes, which they all deposed they took in of the prisoner at the bar. (Deposed to by prosecutor).

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a very unfortunate man; I have lost the use of my limbs, by the cruelty of a master at a boarding-school: I have very rich relations, and have spent a very pretty fortune of my own; and brought myself to distress, and disgrace upon my family; as to what Mr. Randall says, I can't deny it: I once could have brought many credible people to my character; but as the case now is, I cannot.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Hilliard.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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24. (M.) Thomas Hilliard was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 15 s. the property of John Holt , privately in the coach-house of the said John , November 26 . +

John Knight . I am coachman to Mr. Holt, at Islington : I have known the prisoner almost two years; he was chamberlain at the Pyed Bull: our coach-house was robbed of a coat, last Monday was se'ennight; it was a cold night, I was out late; I put my carriage up at almost eleven: I saw the prisoner in the yard; I said, What are you doing here? he said, he was a poor country fellow, and two men had left him there, and he had no money, and came there to lodge; I knew him, but did not tell him so: I said, Get away, or I shall find you a lodging: he walked off at that time; I went to bed: the next morning I found the chariot door open, and the box drawn out; the door would not shut to, till the box was put in; and the out-side door of the coach-house was undone: I went and told my master, and said I did not miss any thing; I then had not missed the coat, which afterwards I found was taken away: my master said he would have him taken up, as other stables had been robbed at Islington: he was taken, and examined before Justice Palmer; I was there, and heard him confess he had taken the coat. The confession was taken in writing.

The confession was read in court, wherein it appeared, he had taken the coat, and sold it to a person near the Gully-hole, in Chick lane, for 13 s. the confession was proved to be made voluntarily, by the justice's clerk.

Charles King deposed, he bought the coat of the prisoner, where it was found.

Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. T .

Anne Coffey.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-24
VerdictNot Guilty

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25. (M.) Anne Coffey , widow , was indicted for stealing two guineas, half a guinea, and a 36 s. piece , the property of John Evans , November 18 . *

John Evans . I lodge at Rotherhithe. Three weeks ago last Saturday, I happened to be late, and did not go over the water, but went to the prisoner's house, in Denmark-street, Ratcliff-highway (a private house) between ten and eleven at night; there was a woman along with me; I do not know her name, I met her in the street.

Q. Was you sober?

Evans. I was sober enough. I asked this woman at the bar for a lodging; she let us in, and told me I must pay a shilling for my bed, for us both: I drank a pot of beer, and had my money as mentioned, in a purse in my pocket, when I went to bed; I had seen it a little before. I awaked about seven the next morning, and found, out of three guineas I had, two were gone, and the half guinea and a 36 s. piece; I had 18 d. in silver: the shilling was taken out of another pocket and put into my purse, with the guinea that was left: I put my breeches under my head.

Q. Did the other woman lie with you all night?

Evans. She did. I told her I had been robbed, and searched her cloaths, but found nothing. Then I desired her to get up, but found nothing: I searched her hair, and all over her, but could find nothing; I am sure a 36 s. piece could not be concealed about her, but I must have found it:

then I bid her go away, and told the woman of the house (the prisoner) that I had been robbed, and she must know of it; then we searched all the house: I did not search her, for she went out of the house, to lie with a man all night, for us to lie upon her bed on the ground floor.

Q. Who was in the house when you went to bed?

Evans. There was the prisoner, and Thomas Ward , the man that lay with her, Mary Magnab the maid-servant, and the woman and I that lay together: Ward and the prisoner went out after we were in bed: Magnab lay all night on the floor, by my bedside. When I got up in the morning, the door was locked, we could not get out: Ward and the prisoner came and opened the door, between seven and eight o'clock. I charged the prisoner with it; she wanted to lay it to the other woman, but they all denied it: this was Sunday morning: I went to Deptford, to my ship, and on Tuesday night I came again, and found the prisoner and Magnab. She would fain have persuaded me that Magnab had my money: I got a warrant, and took them both up, and Justice Berry sent one to New Prison, and the other to Bridewell; after the prisoner was committed, she wanted to give me a note of hand.

Q. Did she say why, or for what?

Evans. No, she did not; I would not take it. I never had a halfpenny of it again.

Q. Did the prisoner ever acknowledge she had taken the money?

Evans. No.

Mary Magnab . The prosecutor came and asked if he might have a lodging for his wife and himself? the prisoner said, she must lie out of her bed if he lay there: he asked for something to drink, and sent for a pot of slip, and paid a shilling for his bed: then he asked if he might have some beer? I fetched him a mug of beer, and set it by his bedside: the woman he called his wife and he quarrelled several times, but I cannot say what about. I saw nobody take the money: in the morning, I saw the guinea and 18 d.

Prisoner's Defence.

This gentleman came to my house with a woman, and asked for a lodging; he insisted on her staying, and lying with him: I had no other bed but my own: he gave me a shilling, saying, he could not go home at that time of night. He sent for a pot of slip, which was all the money I saw. I lay out of my house that night.

Acquitted .

James Turner.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-25

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26. (M.) James Turner was indicted for stealing a serge coat, value 15 s. and one gingham waistcoat, value 5 s. the property of Thomas Walker , November 12 . *

Thomas Walker . I lodge at the George, at Ratcliff , and this black , the prisoner, lodged there also: I had the coat and waistcoat on, on Sunday the 11th of November; I went to bed at night, and laid my cloaths in a box, but did not lock it, and missed them on the Wednesday after; the prisoner lay in the house that night: he left his lodgings on the Monday. I went to a black, who was a servant in the neighbourhood, that had recommended the prisoner, and asked where he might be found? he said, his name was James Turner , and that he was to be found somewhere in the Strand: by enquiring about, I found him at the Golden-cross, by Charing-cross: I was told the coat was pawned opposite Durham-yard. I went there, and John Heather , the servant, told me he had bought it of a Black, and had sold it again: the prisoner had let another Black have the waistcoat, who came and brought it to me: he is since gone with his master to Ireland. (The waistcoat produced and deposed to).

Q. What sort of a coat was yours?

Walker. It is what is called Pepper and Salt, a new one; I never wore it above four times.

John Heather . On Monday, the 12th of November, the prisoner came with the coat on, to our house, in the Strand; I lent him twelve shillings on it, in the afternoon. He came again the next day, and wanted to sell it; I gave him fifteen shillings for it, and I sold it the next day to a man that accidentally came in, a stranger to me, for a guinea.

Q. to Prosecutor. What is the coat worth?

Prosecutor. The coat cost me about two guineas.

Charles Noise . I am a victualler at Cock-hill; the prisoner came with Captain Oliver's servant, on Thursday the 1st of November; the servant said he would be bound for his honesty, and begged I would let him have a night's lodging, and said he would pay for it: he lay there Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday night: Mr. Walker lodges in my house; on the Sunday night he came in late; he was in bed after Mr. Walker, and got up after him in the morning; they did not lie both in one room; Mr. Walker did not miss his clothes till the Tuesday. I saw the prisoner in St. Martin's Round-house, and heard him own he took the coat and waistcoat, and had pawned the coat at the corner of Half-moon-street, in the Strand, for 15 s. and one John Peters, a black, had the waistcoat, who was servant to a Captain,

that was to be found at the Anchor and Crown, in Woolwich: he said another man conveyed them to him, and they were to go halves in the money: we went to Heather the pawnbroker; he said he had bought the coat right out, and had sold it again; Mr. Walker sent a letter to Peters, and he came and brought the letter and waistcoat to him.

William Blacket . I went with Mr. Walker and Mr. Noise to the prisoner in the round-house:

He confirmed the account of the prisoner's confession.

Prisoner's Defence.

I lodged near Exeter 'Change; I could not get to my lodgings, so I lay at that house: I bought this coat and waistcoat of a gentleman's servant; I first pawned the coat, and then sold it out right. I went then into the country, and when I came up again, I went to the Golden Cross, Charing-Cross; there came some people and asked me what my name was? I said, James Turner ; they took me to the round-house; they asked me about the coat and waistcoat, and said I had best confess it, because a girl saw me take them out of the house.

Guilty . T .

Ann Johnston, Ann Martin.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-26
VerdictsGuilty > lesser offence; Not Guilty

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27, 28. (M.) Ann Johnston , Spinster , and Ann Martin , widow , were indicted, the first, for stealing one leaden pound weight, value 2 d. and one 2 pound brass weight, value 16 d. the property of William Allen ; and the other for receiving the same, well knowing the same to have been stolen , November 3 . *

Johnson, Guilty of stealing the leaden weight . T . Martin,

Acquitted .

John Marlock.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-27

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29. (M.) John Marlock was indicted for stealing two yards of velvet, value 15 s. a pair of velvet breeches, value 10 s. one linen shirt, value 1 s. two silk handkerchiefs, value 5 s. and one linen neckcloth, value 1 s. the property of Robert Smith , December 1 . +

Robert Smith . I keep a chandler's shop in Wapping : on the 1st of December, betwixt five and six in the evening, the prisoner came and asked for a lodging; he seemed to be in liquor, and desired to be conducted up to bed; when the maid went up for his candle, thinking he was in bed, she returned, and said he was standing, with the candle in his hand, with all his clothes on: I was going up; he said. Hollo, who calls me? he met me on the stairs: I saw something stick out on his side; I took hold of him, and there found the things mentioned in the indictment, all but the two handkerchiefs: we secured him, and found the lock of a chest in that room where he was, to have been broke open, where he had taken the things out; the two handkerchiefs were taken out of his breeches before Justice Scott.

Mr. Wright and Lewis Udale were at the finding the things upon him, and confirmed the prosecutor's testimony.

Prisoner's Defence.

That man never took any thing from me; I know nothing of the things, no more than the child unborn.

For the Prisoner.

Mrs. Ashmore. I have known the prisoner two years; he lives in Kent-street, on the other side of the water; he is a porter, and was taken at a nonplus; I know he is a very honest man.

Guilty . T .

Francis Tophurst.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-28
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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30. (M.) Francis Tophurst was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 50 s. a 27 shilling piece, and six shillings in money, numbered, the property of William Clark , privately from his person , October 10 . +

William Clark . I was a soldier , but was discharged last week: I was going from the Isle of Jersey, on a furlough, to Newcastle upon Tyne; I was a stranger in London; I lay at a private house in Church-lane ; I was in liquor, and my sight being bad, could not find my way to Milbank, where I had lain two nights before.

Q. Where had you been?

Clark. I had been at the Turk's Head with an old soldier that I knew.

Q. Did you go into that private house alone?

Clark. There was an old woman that I pick'd up in the street; she took me to the house; I can't tell the landlord's name; I got there a little after ten o'clock; I had my watch and moidore in one pocket, and six shillings in the other; I pull'd out my watch to see what time it was, when I

went to bed; and I had a pot of beer after I was in bed: there was a woman that lay in the next room; she came into my room; I gave her six-pence to go for the beer; she drank twice of it, and I gave her two pence for her trouble; she saw me pull my watch out; I put my breeches, with my watch and money under my head; and in the morning, my breeches were lying in the room, and my watch and money gone; I awaked a little before seven; by that time that woman and her companion was gone; the woman with whom I went to bed was still with me; the prisoner was her companion; I never saw him before he was taken up: I went and got a warrant to take that woman up, upon suspicion; she went by the same name; this was on the 10th of October, and the prisoner was committed the 18th: I took her up, and by her information, we found the watch near St. George's church, in the Borough; the pawnbroker is named Davidson. (The watch produced and deposed to). The Justice set Ann Tophurst at liberty: the pawnbroker took the prisoner up.

William Davidson . I live next door to St. George's Church, in the Borough; this watch produced here the prisoner at the bar brought to me the 11th of October, and said it was his own, and said he lived with Mr. Rogers, a Fishmonger, in Thames-street; he asked a guinea and a half upon it; I lent him 27 s. upon it. On the 15th the prosecutor and another man came to enquire for a watch that was left with me the Thursday before: they described it both by name and number; I went with them to Justice Welch; he desired I would take care of the watch, and if the thief came again, to stop him. On the 17th the prisoner came, with a servant to a man that sells things by Auction; the servant was to advance the money to take it out, and they were to sell it: I charged a constable with the prisoner, and carried him before Justice Welch; he said it was his own watch, and did not care where I carried him: first of all, he said he bought it in Dark-house lane for half a guinea, of a man that he did not know, about a week before: when the woman was brought and examined, they were examined separately; he said the woman had part of the money, and that there was another woman in the room; that they stole it, and he went and pawned it, and they all had a share of the money.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

James Maccall.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-29
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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31. (L.) James Maccall was indicted for stealing ten pounds weight of iron, value 12 d. the property of John Greenwood and Edward Jones , November 15 . *

John Greenwood . I live in Upper Thames-street; we lost a piece of a bar of iron, out of one of the stalls in the steel-yard, on the 15th of November, betwixt the hours of one and two in the day: Mr. Edward Jones and I are partners; the iron has always been deemed our property, when it is landed there.

John Stubley . I am watchman of the steel-yard: about one o'clock in the day, on the 15th of November, I saw the prisoner go into the hall where this iron was; I crossed the end of the hall, and saw him near where such pieces of iron lay; he seemed as if pissing; he came out as I stood at the corner; I followed him up the yard into Thames-street; then I said, You have stole some iron: I felt it on his left side; he gave me this piece of a bar of iron (producing it); I took him to Mr. Jones; he ordered me to carry him before my Lord Mayor; there the prisoner kneeled down, and said, the d - l was in him for doing it. It was taken out of that pile of iron marked P. R. M. that is, Patrick and Robert Mackey .

Prisoner's Defence.

I found it in the open thoroughfare.

For the Prisoner.

William Lockey . I have known him two years; he bears a good character.

James Brown . I have known him six years; he was quartered upon me six years ago; I have not seen him lately, he having been abroad; he behaved well when with me.

James Taylor . I have known him six years; he has a good character.

Henry Watson . I have known him six years; I looked upon him to be a very sober man.

Laughlin Goff. I have known him about six years, a fair, just, honest, sober man: my wife is a washerwoman; I have sent him with her clothes home; he has gone and brought the money very honestly.

Guilty 10 d. T .

William Dunn.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-30
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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32. (L.) William Dunn was indicted, for that he, in a certain court and open place, near the King's highway, on Mary Colwell , Spinster , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear

and danger of her life, and violently taking from her person two quarter guineas, and five shillings and six-pence in money, numbered , the property of Elizabeth Baudouin , widow , October 22 . *

Elizabeth Baudouin . Mary Colwell is my servant : On the 22d of October, between six and seven at night, a man came to order four bottles of cappillaire, to be carried to Mr. Crisp's, in Catherine Court.

Q. What are you?

Baudouin. I am a perfumer , and live in Seething-lane; I said he might have four bottles for half a crown; he said he would go and ask his mistress: he said I must send it, with a change for a 36 s. piece: I said I could not; then he said, send change for a guinea.

Q. Was that the prisoner at the bar?

Baudouin. No, it was not. Then I sent Mary Colwell with the cappillaire, and two five and three-penny piece: five shillings in silver, and a six-pence: she came back again crying, in less than half a quarter of an hour, and said she had been robbed: upon that I ran out to meet her; and people brought the prisoner in less than a quarter of an hour: there were Mr. Dixon and Mr. Pierpoint; then the girl ran out, and said the prisoner was the man that had robbed her, and that she would swear it: he pulled out about five shillings; we found none of the quarter-guineas upon him: I thought I did know one of the shillings; but I don't take upon me to swear it: he said he was coming from the Crooked Billet cross the hill, and was going to one Bell, a lifeguard man, and not meeting with him he was returning to that place; and then begged I would let him go, and that he was not guilty of it, and said the people had made a mistake.

Q. Was it a dark or light night?

Baudouin. It was not a very dark night, nor a very light night; but there are lamps at the doors all lighted: the shops were shut up.

Q. to Mary Colwell . How old are you?

Colwell. If I live till the 11th of June, I shall be twenty years of age. I was not at home when the man came to order the cappillaire; my mistress sent me to go to Mr. Crisp's in Catherine Court.

Q. to Mrs. Baudouin. How long after the man had ordered the cappillaire was it, that you sent this witness?

Baudouin. She was out on an errand, but soon came home: I sent her about six minutes after he had ordered it.

Mary Colwell . The man met me about the middle of Catherine Court , and asked me whether I had got the cappillaire? I said, Yes: he said, Zounds! where have you been all this while? I said I had been at the other end of the town, and I came as soon as I came home: he asked me to give him the change; I told him I would not; he would not touch the cappillaire: the change was in my left hand, two five and three-penny pieces, and six shillings and six-pence: he took hold of my hand, and found it shut, with the change in it; he twisted my hand round, and broke my fingers open, and took it away from me; then he ran, and I ran after him.

Q. What did he say when he took the money?

Colwell. He said nothing to me: there is an iron gate; he could not get through without going side-ways: I almost got to him: there was a black boy on the out-side of the gate; he said, What has he done? I said (in my hurry) he has taken a guinea: the boy said he would follow him and would not leave him: he ran after him, and I ran home and told my mistress.

Q. What is that black boy's name?

Colwell. His name is Guardaloup.

Q. Had you light enough to see the man's person?

Colwell. Every door has a lamp; and that door where I stood upon the steps. (Mr. Crisp's) had two lamps: the man stood before me there when he got the money out of my hand; he walked with me to that door; I asked him whether he lived there? he said, Yes.

Q. How far did he walk with you?

Colwell. He walked with me from the middle of the court; that is not above twenty yards; he did not take hold of my arm till I got to the door; the lamp shone upon him; his face was white all over.

Q. How do you mean?

Colwell. His face was quite pale.

Court. Look at the prisoner at the bar.

Colwell. I am sure that is the man that took the money from me; he had then a black coat on.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoner before?

Colwell. No.

Q. Was you not frighted?

Colwell. I was, when he took the money, not before; then I cry'd, Stop thief; the man has taken my money out of my hand.

Q. How long after you lost the money was it, that you saw the prisoner brought to your mistress's house?

Colwell. It was not above half a quarter of an hour; they ran and brought him back.

Q. Was he searched?

Colwell. They pull'd off his shoes and stockings to search him; he said he would leave his holland shirt with my mistress; and if my mistress would let him send home to his wife, he would send for the money that I lost.

Q. Did he not say it was a mistake, he was not the man?

Colwell. At first he did; after that, he desired they would let him have a coach, for he would not go without.

Q. Did he ever say he was the man that robbed you?

Colwell. No, he did not; he wanted sadly to get away, but we kept the door pretty fast.

Q. Is that man that you saw go side-ways thro' the gate, the man that robbed you?

Colwell. That was the man.

Q. to Guardaloup. What is your other name?

Guardaloup. They call me Guardaloup, Guardey.

Q. How long have you been in England?

Guardaloup. I have been in England three years.

Q. Have you been taught any principles of religion?

Guardaloup. No; I know nothing of religion.

He was not sworn.

Q. to Colwell. Is this the lad that was on the out-side of the gate?

Colwell. This is the person.

John Dixon . I work at the Custom-house; I was going home over Tower-Hill, about a quarter after seven; a young man crossed the hill, towards Crutched Fryars; his name is Pierpoint; I had got almost over the hill; I heard somebody scream out, and then the cry, Stop thief; I went on pretty fast; I heard Stop thief very much; I saw some people running over the hill; the prisoner ran betwixt the young man and I; Pierpoint was coming one way, and I another; he directly turned short round, and pursued, and I directly after, into George Yard: when the prisoner came to the bars in the yard, he turned round; and Pierpoint catched him in his arms; and I took him by the collar: the prisoner directly said, I am not the man, or I am innocent, I can't tell which; there were a great croud of people after him; they said, here is the gi rl on the other side, that has been robbed: Pierpoint had hold of one side, and I the other; coming over the hill, I had my left hand on his right side; he put his hand into his left hand breeche's pocket, and stooped down, with his hand below the calf of his leg; I made an observation of it, and said, Stop, he has pulled something out of his pocket, and dropt it; but the people hurried him on as fast as they could; so we did not stay to see what he had dropt; when we were come to Seething-lane, the girl came and said, O! mistress, here is the man; they have got him between them two men.

Q. Did you go back to search on the hill?

Dixon. No, I did not.

Q. Did you see that black boy?

Dixon. He was in George Yard, but I did not see him till I had hold of the prisoner; then he was close at my heels.

Q. How far is George Yard from the end of Catherine Court?

Dixon. It is about 200 yards.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did you hear any thing drop when the prisoner stooped down.

Dixon. No, I did not.

Q. Did you see any thing in his hand?

Dixon. No.

James Pierpoint . I was coming from Thames-street, cross the hill, going towards Crutched Fryars; about the middle of the hill I heard stop thief; the prisoner was then about my arm's length from my breast, running as hard as he could from Catherine Court to George Yard; he ran cross me; as he pass'd me. I turned short about, and pursued directly; I perceived a black boy at my heels; he ran as hard as I did, for what I know; he called stop thief; he might be three or four yards from me, and I the same length from the prisoner; I pursued him into George Yard, and in the entrance of the yard I called out the same; there was an obstruction in the passage, and people coming, the prisoner was stopp'd; he turned round, and came on the other side of the way; I had an adz in my hand; I took him between my arms; he said he was not the man; he was innocent: said I, You must go to the gentlewoman, or the girl that you are accused of robbing: John Dixon and I brought him cross the hill into Catherine Court; the girl met him about the middle of the court, and said, That was the man that took the money from her: I observed

his motion in stooping; he leaned on one side; but I did not see him drop any thing; when we got him to the house, he was sometimes willing to be searched, and sometimes unwilling: he said he was in so bad a garb, he did not care to shew himself: the knees of his breeches were torn, and he had bad shoes on: he pulled out of his pocket four or five shillings.

Joseph Richards . I had the prisoner in charge; I asked the maid her age: she said she was nineteen; I took the prisoner to the Compter; he said he was not the man.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was running over Tower-Hill; I heard the cry Stop thief; I did not think they were running after me; as soon as I thought they meant me, I turned immediately back: I was going to meet an acquaintance of mine at the Crooked Billet; one of the men took hold of me, and said, I was the man that stole the girl's money, or robb'd her: I said, Shew me the house, I am very willing to go there: I asked the woman if I was the man that was there before? she said, No, I was not: I was willing to be searched: they made me pull off my shoes, and unbutton my breeches; they took off my garters: they asked me what money I had? I took out all I had, which was four or five shillings; the gentlewoman said, give me the money, and you shall go about your business; saying, she was sure I had it about me: when they sent for the constable, I said, if she would give me my liberty, I would give her the money, not knowing but they would swear my life away.

For the prisoner.

Thomas English . I am a linen-draper and haberdasher; I live in Whitechapel: I have known the prisoner and his family from my infancy; his father is a bricklayer, and keeps a great many men at work in Yorkshire; I never heard but that the prisoner bore a very fair, honest character.

Q. Have you known him much in town?

English. I have seen him in town about a year ago, in a working dress; he is a bricklayer also.

Q. Do you know any master he has worked with here?

English. No, I do not, since he left Easinwold.

William Edwards . I have known him between six and seven years; last summer he worked in the same house where I did; I always took him for an industrious man; he always bore a very good character.

Q. What are you?

Edwards. I am a master painter, and live in the Strand.

Guilty . Death .

Recommended to mercy, being young.

William Young.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-31
VerdictNot Guilty

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33. (L.) William Young was indicted for stealing a wooden box, value 12 d. two mahogany cases for knives, value 5 s. twenty-four knives and twenty-four forks, with ivory handles and silver ferrules, value 3 l. the property of Roger Hog and George Parquer Kinlock , on a certain key adjacent to the river Thames , November 7 . +

The goods mentioned were put into a case entered at the Custom-house, for Hamburgh, and delivered to the proper officers on the keys, on the 6th of November, and put down on some trunks: the prisoner was seen to have hold of a bag, and shake it, which appeared to have this case in it; but no account could be given who put it in the bag, and the prisoner did not attempt to take it away.

The prisoner, in his defence, said, he was just come up on a furlough from Tilbury fort, having lately come from the West Indies; and landed out of a Gravesendboat, and was going along the key: that he never saw the box or bag till before my Lord Mayor: that he was asking his way to Tower-Hill, to receive his prize-money for taking Martinica, when they took him: that he had been twenty-six years and four months in the King's service.

Acquitted .

Samuel Barlow.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-32

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34. (M.) Samuel Barlow was indicted for stealing a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 2 s. two handkerchiefs, and a vice , the property of Christian Jenner . +

The prosecutor keeps a public house , the Barley Mow, in East Smithfield : the prisoner was a soldier , and quartered on him; the things mentioned were missing; one handkerchief was found in his pocket, and the other under his bed; and he confessed to the taking the buckles, and the rest of the things.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Dyer.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-33

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35. (M.) Elizabeth Dyer , Spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of linen sheets, a blanket, a bolster, and a brass sauce-pan, the property of Thomas Marshall , in a certain lodging room, let by contract , &c. October 24 . +

Guilty . T .

William Whitton.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-34

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36. (M.) William Whitton was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 20 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 10 s. a shag waistcoat, value 10 s. a napkeen waistcoat, value 8 s. a linen shirt, value 3 s. a pair of cotton stockings, value 1 s. and a pair of worsted stockings, value 1 s. 20 iron bits, a Guinea, two quarter guineas, and 23 shillings and six-pence in money numbered, the property of John Sims , in the dwelling house of Mary Guest , December 1 . +

John Sims . I am a Carpenter ; I have lodged in the house of Mary Guest about twelve months; I left my chest there, with a cloth coat, three waistcoats, a shag, a cloth, and a nankeen; a shirt, a pair of cotton stockings, and a pair of worsted stockings; twenty bits for carpenters use, made of steel; a guinea, two quarter guineas, and the rest in silver, to make up 55 s. all locked in it; I had the key; my landlady asked me if I should come back again? I said I was not certain; so she took in the prisoner: I happened to come home this day week, and found my chest broke open; I looked round the room, and found nothing in it belonging to me, but the bare chest, and a few trifling things: I came down and asked Mrs. Guest whether that man lodged with her? she said, Yes; and that he had been gone out about an hour: I told her he had taken all I had: she went up and found it so: looking round the room, I found a pillow-bier full of tools, and his own clothes upon them; she said he would come back again soon; that he was gone to the jolly sailors; I said, If he is as big as Goliah, I'll take him; we went out and saw him coming; when he came to the door, I said, you are my prisoner, till an officer comes: he said, What's the matter? what's the matter? I sent for an officer; this was in Mrs. Guest's house: I said, are not you a villain, to rob me so? said he, Countryman, don't be hard upon me: the officer came in; we took him to a public house; he had breeches on, that long to a suit of clothes of mine; we found a penny chip box, that my money was in, was thrown into the close-stool, and there lay his breeches over it in the close-stool; he acknowledged taking all the things but the money; he said he had not seen any money: he was asked how he came to put the box into the close-stool? to which he made no answer: he had left my coat and a piece of dowlas at Mrs. Murray's, at the Noah's Ark, where he had had a shilling in eatables.

Q. How do you know that?

Sims. He told us so; we found them there; some of the other things he had sold, and some he had pawned: in shaking the breeches he had on, out fell a piece of copper, that had been among my money, when in the chest: he was put into the watch-house, and the next morning carried before the bench of Justices in Whitechapel, and was committed.

Q. What were your clothes worth?

Sims. The suit of clothes cost me five guineas, not three months ago.

Mr. Danislow. I am an officer; I was sent for to carry the prisoner to the watch-house: I found this coat at Mrs. Murray's (producing it): this pair of breeches the prisoner had on; (producing them and a waistcoat: deposed to by prosecutor.)

Mrs. Murray. The prisoner brought this coat and left it with me last Thursday, between 11 and 12 o'clock; he desired I would put it by till he called for it; he had had a shilling in meat and drink, and asked me for a lodging.

Prisoner's Defence.

As to the money, I know nothing of it; I never saw it.

Guilty . Death .

Mary Ward.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-35

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37. (M.) Mary Ward , widow , was indicted for stealing a pair of stuff shoes, value 8 d. a linen shirt, value 6 d. a pair of stays value 4 s. a stuff petticoat, value 8 s. a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. and a table-cloth , the property of George Miller , December 6 . ++

Mrs. Miller. I am wife to George Miller ; the prisoner came to my room on Friday last, where I live, in Great Wild-street ; when she was gone, I missed the things mentioned in the indictment; I made the best enquiry for her I could, and found her in Newtner's-lane; when she saw me, she ran; but I got hold of her, and got a proper officer, and got her into the round-house, and she was examined before the Justice; she had the shoes, stockings, and shirt on, which she delivered up, and told where she had pledged the other things, and went with the constable and me to the Three Golden Balls, St. Martin's lane; we found the petticoat,

handkerchief, and stays, put up in the tablecloth.

Thomas Hall. I am a pawnbroker, and live in St. Martin's-lane; I took in this petticoat, pair of stays, and handkerchief, of the prisoner at the bar, on the 6th of December. (Produced and deposed to).

Prisoner's Defence.

I never did any thing before; I had buried my mother about three months before, and I was in great distress.

Guilty . T .

Eleanor Mortimer.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-36
VerdictNot Guilty

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38. (M.) Eleanor Mortimer was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. a knife, value 4 d. and a quarter guinea, the property of Hans Berge , privately from his person , December 3 . *

Hans Berge . I am a Swede: last Tuesday se'ennight the prisoner pick'd me up in the street, and brought me into her house in Ratcliffe-Highway ; I had been with one of my old ship-mates, and was quite in liquor; I sent out half a guinea to change to give her a dram; I had my change brought me; we went to bed, and I fell asleep; I had my breeches on, and she lay along-side of me; my watch was in my pocket just before I fell asleep; I awaked about two o'clock; she was gone down stairs with my coat and waistcoat on; my watch and money were gone; she went to the door, pretending to make water, and ran away without her stockings or shoes: I have never seen my watch since; she was after that taken up, but denied knowing any thing of my things; I had given her two shillings at going to bed.

Christian Jenner . The prosecutor came to the watch-house about two o'clock, and made his complaint; he had been robbed of his watch and money: we found the prisoner the morning after; she had a knife and four or five shillings upon her: (the knife produced).

Prosecutor. This knife I had in my waistcoat pocket.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found that knife upon the bed; I know nothing of the watch or money.

Acquitted .

John Mist.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-37
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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39. (M.) John Mist was indicted for stealing eight printed books, call'd Spectators, and one Jewish Spy, value 9 s. the property of Elizabeth Peasley , widow .

Elizabeth Peasley keeps a shop in Moorfields ; the prisoner was seen to open the hatch, go in, and take the books mentioned, and was stopped as he was carrying them away. (Produced and deposed to).

Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. T .

Thomas Newland.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-38
VerdictNot Guilty

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40. (M.) Thomas Newland was indicted for stealing five hens, value 5 s. a cock turkey, value 4 s. and a hen turkey, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Christmas .

Thomas Christmas . I live at the Artichoke, Mile-end-road : last Sunday morning was a week, I miss'd the fowls mentioned in the indictment, and last Friday night I had intelligence that Mr. Robinson had bought a pair of turkies, cock and hen, of William Nash , an hostler; I went, and found them to be mine.

William Nash . I am an hostler at the livery stable near Mile-end Turnpike; the prisoner came to me last Sunday was a week, about eight in the morning, and asked me if any body in our neighbourhood would buy a couple of turkies: I sold them for him to Mr. Robinson for seven shillings: when I heard they had been stolen, I told the prisoner of it, and desired he would go to Mr. Christmas and clear me; he went with me, and told Mr. Christmas he bought them in the road for five shillings; he was secured, and taken before Justice Berry.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought the turkies in Mile-end-road, for half a crown a-piece, and when I heard the hostler was like to come into trouble, I went to Mr. Christmas, and told him how I came by them.

Acquitted .

Solomon Goodwin.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-39

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41. (M.) Solomon Goodwin , was indicted for stealing a cloth coat trimm'd with gold lace, one cloth jacket trimm'd with gold lace, and one cloth great coat , the property of our sovereign Lord the King , October 26 . +

Joseph Meytham . I am postilion to the Queen; I had lent my clothes, mentioned in the indictment, to a servant of Prince William's, to go to the play, about six weeks ago; they were brought back again, and left at a public house we use, Mr.

Jones's, by Charing Cross; they were missing out of the house; we had reason to suspect the prisoner, he having lived at that house about three quarters of a year before that: he was taken up, and charged with taking the clothes: he confessed he had taken them, and sold the coat and jacket.

Bridget Isle . I buy and sell old clothes; I bought a coat and jacket of the prisoner at the bar; (produced in court, with the lace taken off), I bought them in the same condition they are now.

Meytham. This is the coat and jacket I lost; the great coat was carried back, and put in at a cellar window out of the street, at Mr. Jone's.

Guilty . T .

Mary Denderidge.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-40
VerdictNot Guilty

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42. (M.) Mary, wife of Thomas Denderidge , was indicted for stealing two blankets, value 2 s. a sheet, value 1 s. a pillow, value 1 s. a copper tea kettle. value 10 s. an iron poker, value 4 d. an iron shovel, value 4 d. and a pair of tongs, value 6 d. the property of John Hartley , in her lodging room , November 19 . +

The prisoner had carried the said goods to pawn; but it appearing to be done under the direction of her husband, and the prosecutor giving her a good character,

She was Acquitted .

Elizabeth Berry.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-41

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43. (M.) Elizabeth Berry , spinster , was indicted for stealing ten guineas and a moidore , the property of John Jackson , November 7 . +

John Jackson . I keep a public house in Russel Court ; the prisoner lived servant with me about a month: on the 7th of November I was upon the jury at Westminster; when I came home, my wife told me, she believed we had lost our maid; she had been gone out about an hour; and about three, the boy ran away. The next morning a person called with a bill; I went up to my room, and out of a drawer I missed ten guineas and a moidore; neither the door nor drawer were locked: I began to think the robbery was betwixt them: while I was getting a warrant for the boy, my wife recollected the prisoner had lived at the Bull in Milford Lane: I went there with Mr. Thomas and Mr. Asbridge; I was informed she was in bed at a house over the way; I went, and she was getting out of bed; I said I was glad to see her; she said I could not hang her; I asked her if she had any of the money left? she gave me two guineas and the moidore, and said, that was all she had left; and delivered me a box with aprons, shifts, and things in it, which she said she had bought with the rest of the money.

Andrew Thomas and Mr. Asbridge confirmed the Account he gave.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty . T .

Solomon Isaac.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-42

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44. (L.) Solomon Isaac , otherwise Solomon Solomon , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 10 s. and a silk cloak, value 5 s. the property of Solomon Jacob , October 24 . ++

Judith Jacob . I am wife to Solomon. On the 24th of October, I fetched a blue and white copper-plate printed gown to have a draggled-tail washed out, and laid it on a chair in the parlour, by a silk cloak: I heard a noise about half an hour after, as I sat in the kitchen; I jumped up, went out, saw nothing, came in again, and missed my cloak and gown: about ten or twelve days after, upon enquiring about, I was informed by a pawnbroker, at the corner of Goodman's-yard, in the Minories, that a sort of a shagrag fellow had brought such a sort of a gown to pawn, and he would not take it in, and that this shagrag fellow said he would carry it to the Jews in Duke's-place: so I went, and enquired about , and found it had been offered to pawn by one Solomon, that keeps a creature in Long-alley; the prisoner, I mean: I went to the place in Long-alley, into a garret, where I found my cloak; then I went and got the prisoner taken, and he told me where my gown was pawned in Petticoat-lane, where I found it. (The goods produced and deposed to).

John Glenn , the pawnbroker, deposed, he took the gown in of the prisoner, on the second of November.

Prisoner's Defence.

This woman bears so bad a character among our Jews, that nobody will believe her. I sold the cloak to Mrs. Huckerson, and it may be her cloak, for what I know, but I bought it honestly. I had five or six characters here, but they all went home to make a sabbath.

Guilty . T .

Joseph Adams.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-43
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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45. (L.) Joseph Adams was indicted for stealing an earthen jar, and twenty pounds weight of raisins, value 10 s. the property of John Wood , December 1 . ++

Anthony Arnold . I am servant to Mr. John Wood , grocer , in Gracechurch-street . On the first of December, about one o'clock, I was in the accompting-house, and saw a man come into the shop, and take a jar of raisins: I ran out, and took hold of the prisoner with them in his arms, before he got over the way, and brought him and the raisins back.

Prisoner's Defence.

Going along Gracechurch-street, there stood a jar at a door; I never was in the shop; I am a journeyman wire-drawer; I have a wife and three children, and work has been dead, and I did not know what to do to keep them from starving.

Guilty . B .

Elizabeth Allen.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-44
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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46. (L.) Elizabeth Allen , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver buckle, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of William Taylor , Nov. 8 . ++

Guilty, 10 d. W .

Peter Ritchie.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-45

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47. (L.) Peter Ritchie was indicted for stealing eight pounds weight of brass , the property of Edward Nairne , Oct. 8 . ++

Edward Nairne . I live opposite the Royal Exchange, in Cornhill, and am an optical, philosophical, and mathematical instrument maker . On the 4th of October, Mr. Gyles, a brass founder, in Shoe-lane, came to me, and said his clerk had bought several parcels of brass of a woman, who called her name Wells, and particularly the day before, amongst which was a rough brass foot to a reflecting telescope, which had been broke to pieces, by being first made hot in the fire; I went and saw it, and it evidently appeared to be cast from my patterns: the clerk told me some conversation he had with that woman; that she said, she had been at Gibraltar, from which I concluded it must be the wife of the prisoner, as he had been there, and worked in my house. I desired him to take care of that brass, and if she came with any more, to buy it, and let me know; and in the interim I ordered my foreman to put a private mark upon my brass. On the 18th of Oct. Mr. Gyles's clerk brought another parcel of brass, which he said he bought of that woman the day before: on examining it, I found two pieces with that private mark: I then got a warrant, and took up the prisoner at the bar, and his wife; they were examined before Mr. Alderman Alsop; Mr. Gyles's clerk swore he bought it of the wife, and my foreman swore to the private marks. The prisoner acknowledged the woman to be his wife, and that he had part of that brass in his custody: I never knew the woman to come to my shop: here is part of an air-pump handle, which was part of the work he had to do for me.

Mr. Saunders deposed to the brass being the property of his master the prosecutor; and Mr. Cardel, clerk to Mr. Gyles, deposed, the brass was brought to his master, by the woman the prisoner owned to be his wife.

Guilty . T .

Francis Grayhurst.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-46
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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48. (L.) Francis Grayhurst was indicted for stealing twelve pounds weight of sugar, value 3 s. the property of persons unknown, November 7 . ++

Guilty . B .

Elwood Sisson.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-47
VerdictNot Guilty

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49. (L.) Elwood Sisson was indicted for stealing forty pounds weight of lead, value 3 s. 6 d. the property of John Jupe , November 14 . +

Acquitted .

John Phenix.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-48
VerdictNot Guilty

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50. (L.) John Phenix was indicted for stealing one wainscot table, value 3 s. and one jack-towel, value 12 d. the property of Robert Henshaw , November 24 . +

Acquitted .

Matthias Macguire.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-49

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51. (L.) Matthias Macguire was indicted for stealing six pounds weight of sugar, value 12 d. the property of persons unknown, Nov. 1 . ++

Guilty . T .

Thomas Ingram.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-50
VerdictNot Guilty

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52. (L.) Thomas Ingram was indicted for stealing a gold laced hat, value 10 s. a silver laced hat, value 10 s. a cloth coat, value 40 s. a thickset coat and waistcoat, five silver tea-spoons, a silver table-spoon, and a silver cream-pot , the property of Sir Simon Bradstreet , Bart. Oct. 21 . ++

Thomas Augustus Sunderland , servant to the prosecutor, deposed, that the prosecutor's back door opens into the yard that has a communication with a stable-yard, where the prisoner's brother keeps coaches and horses; that the prisoner used to drive the coach for the prosecutor, when he wanted to go out; that he got up, on the 21st of October, in the morning, and found his master's back door open, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment; that he saw the prisoner put two plain cropped hats (produced in court) behind a door, between the stable and the yard, from whence he conjectured the prisoner had taken the things missing; that he discovered it to his master, who, in company with another gentleman, examined him, but never discovered what were become of the things; and that the prisoner continued to drive his master as before, and eat and drank in the house as usual, till the coach was discharged, which was but a few days before the trial; and that the prosecutor never took the prisoner up till after the prisoner's brother had arrested him for debt.

The council for the prosecutor declined calling any other evidence.

Acquitted .

Sarah Lane, William , George , Thomas , Thomas , Henry Adam.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-51
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > pleaded guilty
SentencesMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment > newgate

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53. (M.) Sarah Lane, spinster , otherwise Sarah, wife of William Merchant , otherwise wife of George Errington , otherwise wife of Thomas Flint , otherwise wife of Thomas Morgan , otherwise wife of Henry Adam Stedman , was indicted for stealing 20 yards of thread lace, value 3 l. 50 yards of silk ribbon, value 20 s. three pair of leather gloves, value 3 s. and two yards of muslin, value 8 s. the property of Richard Groom , in his dwelling house , September 1 . ++

Elizabeth Groom . I am wife to Richard Groom ; he is a haberdasher ; we live in Berwick-street : on the 10th of July the prisoner took a lodging for a month up one pair of stairs: a gentleman came with her, who she said she was to be married to at the month's end, named Flint. She was frequently in my shop; sometimes she has been in my house when I have been out; she assisted my husband at fairs: I miss'd goods about the latter end of August; Flint was then gone; she left her lodging the first of September; my husband went to see after her, for money he lent her, and for rent: I had information there were some of my goods at Ann Willis 's, in Holborn Court, No. 7. there I found fine lace, ribbons, and gloves: at that time I was informed there were more goods in the Savoy, at Mrs. Harris's house; there I found seven pieces of ribbon, and about twenty yards of lace: she used frequently to assist us in the shop.

N. B. The LAST PART of these PROCEEDINGS will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-51

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 12th, Thursday the 13th, Friday the 14th, Saturday the 15th, and Monday the 17th of DECEMBER.

In the Fifth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the First SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir William Stephenson , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER I. PART II. for the YEAR 1764.


Sold by W. NICOLL, in St. Paul's Church-yard.

[Price SIX-PENCE.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

[Continuation of the Trial of S. Lane.]

E. Groom. THE goods were taken into custody by the constable; then we went to see for the prisoner; she was taken in the Savoy, and brought to Sir John Fielding ; the goods and things were examined there; I swore to my goods; some were pawned in King-street, Seven-dials (Lace and ribbons produced in court); these were found at Mrs. Harris's: I know this lace by the joining, by the quantity, and by the pattern, to be mine; the ribbons are pieces of ribbons, the same patterns as I missed; (a piece of plain muslin produced); I have the same as this at home; I am certain to it; this is trifling, to what I lost.

Q. Are there not abundance of lace and muslin of the same pattern and quality to be met with?

E. Groom. There may; I was very particular to the lace.

Q. What did the prisoner say, when you charg'd her at Sir John Fielding 's?

E. Groom. She said but little.

Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not much solicit me, divers times, to come and assist you in your shop?

E. Groom. She was frequently to and fro, with my consent.

Richard Groom . I am the prosecutor. I trusted the prisoner in the manner my wife has informed the court: the things were first missed in the latter end of August; we had several search-warrants before we could find them out; we found some at the Savoy, which we missed.

Anne Harris . I keep a public-house, the Golden anchor, in the Savoy. The prisoner came to my house, and said, she was going out of town, and desired me to lend her half a guinea; she said she had quarrelled with her sister, and could not get her money nor cloaths. I said she was a stranger to me, and I did not care to lend any thing without something for security. She said she had nothing, but she would get her things, and then she would pay me. I lent her half a guinea; this I believe was in November; she said she had lace and ribbons in pawn in King-street, Seven-dials, and if I would take them out, she would pay me: I sent and got them out.

Alice Wright . I was out of place, and at Mrs. Harris's house: she desired me to go with the prisoner, to fetch these things out of pawn; I went into King-street with the prisoner; she called for them, and brought them to Mrs. Harris; and the prisoner gave me this bit of lace for my trouble;

(produced in court): here is four yards of it: she gave me also a bit of ribbon.

E. Groom. I can swear this lace is my property.

Anne Willis . The prisoner gave me two yards and a quarter of lace, a pair of leather gloves, and a few ribbons. (Produced in court).

Q. When did she give you these?

Anne Willis . About a fortnight before she was taken up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had these things of Jane Bullock , before I came to Mr. Groom's house. In the month of April, I bought ribbons, tapes, laces, and divers things to sell again: I trusted, so that I could not go to market again. In July, I came to the prosecutor's, and I pledged divers pieces of ribbon, when I was short of money: this lace I had last Christmas was twelvemonths; here is a gentleman in court, will prove where I bought these things.

For the Prisoner.

Jane Bullock . To the best of my Knowledge, I have seen this lace before (taking up a handkerchief) I mean the lace round this; I live at Mill-bank.

Q. Where did you see it before?

J. Bullock. In the hands of the prisoner, the latter end of February; then it was new lace: she was about a week or ten days in the house where I was.

Q. Are you a judge of lace?

J. Bullock. No: I am a washerwoman, I cannot swear this is it.

Q. What is the price of it?

J. Bullock. I don't know. I have known her four months.

Q. What business was she?

J. Bullock. She never did any work, as I know of.

Dorothy Wells . I keep a lodging-house, at Newington, in Surry; the prisoner was at my house seven or eight months ago, and lodged there; she sold ribbons, lace, tapes, thread, and something of every thing. She carried them about in her hand, in a handkerchief.

Q. What sort of laces did she sell?

Wells. I never examined what sort. I have bought laces to lace stays with of her.

Anne Gray . I live in Dutchy-lane, in the Savoy. I pledged ribbons for the prisoner in King-street, Seven-dials, before she went to live with Mr. Groom.

Q. What are you?

Willis. I am a washerwoman, and scour and iron.

Thomas Armitage . I live in St. Martin's-le-grand. I did once live with a haberdasher, at Holborn-bridge, at Messrs. Jones and Cross's; (he produced two bills of parcels): they are for threads, tapes, laces, needles, pins, and such like: one is dated the 3d of April, 1764, and the other the 4th of April, 1764.

Q. What sort of laces?

Armitage. Half penny and penny laces.

Q. Any fine laces?

Armitage. No.

Sarah Rogers . I am a lodger at Mrs. Groom's house. I never heard Mrs. Groom say she had lost any thing, till after the quarrel between the prisoner and Mrs. Willis.

Q. When was that quarrel?

Rogers. I do not know.

Q. Was it before or since the prisoner was in custody?

Rogers. It was since. There was an old woman, that came to the door, told Mrs. Groom she came from Mrs. Willis, and that she said the prisoner had robbed Mrs. Groom. Mrs. Groom's daughter told me that Anne Willis would pay for transporting the prisoner, rather than lose her friend, that was a man that kept her.

Sarah Joyner . I live at the Hampshire-hog, in Berwick-street. I heard Mrs. Groom say (when somebody said the prisoner was a very handsome woman) that she was a very honest woman.

Q. to Anne Willis . Did you ever quarrel with the prisoner?

Willis. No, never in my life. Mr. Groom came to enquire after the prisoner, and said she owed him nine guineas. I asked him to go up into my room; there he saw a pair of gloves, and said they were his. I said the prisoner gave them to me, and she had given me two yards and a half of lace: I shewed him that; he said his wife could swear to it, but he could not; upon which he sent for his wife. I took ten laced handkerchiefs out of a drawer, and bid her look over the lace; she did, and laid her hand on this handkerchief here produced, and said the lace upon it was her property, the same lace the prisoner gave to me.

Acquitted .

She was a second time indicted, by the name of Ann Powell , spinster; otherwise Ann, the wife of Thomas Flint , for that she was married to the said Thomas Flint on the 4th of June, in the 2d year of his present Majesty; and afterwards on the 22d of March, in the 3d year of his present Majesty ,

did marry Henry Adam Stedman , her former husband being then living .

To which she pleaded Guilty . B . Im.

John Weskett, James Cooper.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-52
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesDeath; Transportation

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54, 55. (M.) John Weskett was indicted for stealing one bank note, value 100 l. and one other bank note, value 30 l. three gold snuff-boxes, value 100 l. one repeating gold watch, with a brilliant diamond button, value 30 l. one silver candlestick, value 20 s. one silver standish, value 20 s. and 400 l. in money, numbered, the property of the Right Honourable William Earl of Harrington , in his dwelling-house ; and James Cooper , for receiving the three gold snuff-boxes, the repeating gold watch, the silver candlestick, the silver standish, and 72 l. 9 s. part of the said goods and money, well knowing the same to have been stolen , December 5, 1763 . *

Lord Harrington. The prisoner Weskett was my servant , about a year and a half; his business was to attend as porter .

Q. Was it his business to come to you with any letters or messages?

Answer. No; but he seemed lately to come very officiously to deliver letters, or to ask for franks. I think he came to me in that room where I used to sit, the very evening before the robbery was committed; either that evening, or the evening before; but I am pretty sure it was that evening.

Q. How was your lordship engaged?

Answer. I was near my bureau, reckoning some money.

Q. Had he any opportunity of knowing where you deposited your money?

Answer. He might, by coming up so very officiously, when I was busy at my drawers.

Q. How many drawers are in that bureau?

Answer. It has an ivory table that shuts down, and underneath it are five drawers.

Q. When was you robbed?

Answer. We discovered the robbery on the 5th of December, 1763, in the morning; one of the drawers that contained cash was broke open, and the upper part was broke likewise; there were only two locks broke.

Q. What might your lordship lose?

Answer. I lost upwards of two thousand pounds, in bills and every thing; there were two bank notes, one for 100 l. the other for 30 l. and all the money that the drawers contained: in one drawer were four roloes in two tin boxes, that held an hundred guineas each, all new bright guineas; they were in the upper part of the bureau.

Court. Describe the bureau.

Answer. It is a library book-case, with drawers underneath; one beneath was broke open; the upper part like a chest of drawers, with a flap that lets down: there are two little drawers on each side, and three large drawers: it is a sort of a desk; one drawer in that was broke; the two drawers that were broke, were the only drawers that contained any thing of property; that drawer that was broke underneath, contained about 75 guineas in a bag; the bank notes were in a pocket book, in a little drawer in the upper part: that pocket book was taken away, and another pocket book also: there were three banker's notes in one of them. In the middle of the room was a great library table, with, I believe, 18 drawers in it; they were all locked; none of them were broke open; there was nothing in them. There was a gold repeating watch stole, that hung by the chimney side; there were with it two seals; one had my arms on it: I lost also three gold snuff boxes; two of them were enamelled; two of them I bought at Paris; the other I gave forty guineas for in Pall-mall. I had received the 30 l. bank note of Sir William Hart , my banker, that very day.

Q. At the time the prisoner came up to you the night before, was your desk open?

Answer. The desk was certainly open; I was counting money, either upon it, or on the table near it.

Q. Did your Lordship see any place where were marks, that might be supposed to discover where the robber went in or out at.

Answer. Mine is a very large house; the window is at a great distance from where the things were stolen: in the morning, about half an hour after ten, I came from my bed-chamber into the r oom where the bureau is; the first thing that struck me, was that being broke open: it seemed very clearly to be done with a gimblet and chissel; and upon examination, we had a gimblet and chissel that exactly fitted to the holes and impressions which we saw.

Q. Where were they found?

Answer. I think the house-keeper found them in a box, with nails and other things, in a place where they usually were for common use.

The watch, chain, and seal, three gold snuff-boxes, and thirty pound bank note, produced and deposed to.

Cross Examination.

Counsel. I would beg leave to ask your Lordship, whether it is not possible a man might exceed the bounds of his duty without any bad design? he might wait upon your Lordship by accident.

Answer. To be sure he might; that's matter of opinion.

Q. When he came up the night before the robbery, had your lordship those two distinct parts open?

Answer. This I know, the upper part was down; I cannot absolutely say the drawer was; it might be unlocked.

Prisoner. Will your lordship please to declare what my character and behaviour was before this?

Answer. He generally was pretty diligent at the door: I cannot say I ever had any reason to suspect his honesty before this.

Q. Does your lordship remember he ever came there, when you was taking money out of any particular drawer?

Answer. I do not remember that he did; but he seemed very officious, and would wait longer than his message required.

Q. Those tools that were applied to the bureau, were they found in the room when you first came in?

Answer. No: we imagined these drawers must be broke open by such kind of instruments; therefore the servants searched about for such.

Q. Was there any thing particular in them?

Answer. They will be shewn by and by.

Q. What was his business when he came up the night before the robbery?

Answer. He brought me a letter: and what strikes me a good deal, is, he came up again, under pretence of asking me for a frank, which he might have asked for, at his coming before.

Q. How long might the second time be after the first?

Answer. It was a few minutes after.

Q. What time of the evening might this be?

Answer. It must have been about seven o'clock. I went to the opera about half an hour past seven.

John Bradley . I have been acquainted with Weskett seven or eight years; and with Cooper ten or a dozen years.

Q. Tell your plain story to the court and the jury.

Bradley. A few days before this happened, it may be a week, Weskett told me my Lord Harrington wanted a valet de chambre.

Q. Where did he tell you this?

Bradley. This was at Lord Harrington's. He desired I would clean myself, and come the next day to see my Lord. I went the next day: he then told me he had got better bread for me than to serve him: he then told me to come in the night, and to bring a brace of pistols; but the principal conversation was the night the thing was executed; but that night he hinted at something that I thought I understood him.

Q. What did he say?

Bradley. He said my lord was worth a great deal of money, and bid me bring a brace of pistols; he knew I had a brace that I had bought abroad: he said, you know what I mean; call such a night, and bring a tinder-box along with you. Accordingly I did go, and took them things with me: I don't recollect what night it was: it was not above a day or two after that time.

Q. What pass'd when you did go?

Bradley. He told me when I went, my Lord and Lady were gone to the opera; this was in my Lord's hall; there was nobody there but him and I; I believe it was about seven o'clock. He took me in at the door of the porter's lodge, and we turned on the left hand, and went to the hall fire; we whispered as soon as we got together; he bid me walk gently, and took me into a little room on the left hand, before I came to the hall: now, he said, nobody has a right to come here at all, and you shall stay here; I'll get you something to drink till the middle of the night, then we will have my Lord's money. He went and brought me a bottle of rum; I went and lay upon his bed; he told me that was his lodge: I shewed him my pistols and tinder-box; he took them from me; drew the curtain; he went out several times, and every time he locked the door.

Q. Did he lock the door when he was within side?

Bradley. No. He said my Lord and Lady would be at home about twelve o'clock, and all the family would be in bed about one, and that would be about the time.

Q. Did he leave you for any long time?

Bradley. He once staid an hour with my Lord's gentleman, as he told me; one was learning the other French, and the other was learning English of him.

Q. Do you know my Lord's gentleman, if you see him?

Bradley. No, I do not. My Lord and Lady came home about twelve: there was a window; through that I could see the flambeaux as they came past: I staid till he went out and came in again, and said, all the family were secure: that

was, as near as I remember, between one and two: then he bid me take a draught of rum, and said, Let us have courage, and follow me: then we went into the kitchen together; I did not know the way: there was a proposal about my getting out at a window: it was a great high window, and opened with a pulley and string: I said, This is a very hard thing, and refused it, because I did not know where I was going to, if I did get out.

Q. Why did he propose your going out there?

Bradley. Because there would be the less probability of being found out. I said, we could make it answer the same end: I took my shoes, that were dirty, and daubed the window and wall, as if I had got out: I got upon the dresser to do it; then we went up stairs both together; we had a candle; we went along a sort of a gallery, and through a large room very elegantly furnished with glasses; we turned on the right hand into a little study; it almost like fronted the door; there was a sort of a bureau, which looked like a writing desk; he told me that was the place where the money was: now, said he, we must break this bureau; and accordingly he broke it open, with a chissel and gimblet: I held the candle.

Q. Where did you get the chissel and gimblet?

Bradley. I don't know where he got them; he had them; there was a flap that seemed to me to be to write on, on the upper part.

Court Look at this chissel: (he takes one in his hand).

Bradley. It was a broad kind of a chissel, like this; I can't say this is it.

(A gimblet is put into his hand.)

Bradley. I can't swear this is the gimblet; it was one like this: I saw nothing made use of but a chissel and gimblet. When he had broke it open, he took the money out; some he gave to me as he took it out; and some he delivered to me coming down stairs; he took out two tin cases, and gave to me; he took three snuff-boxes, and gave to me; these were out of the upper part, where the flap let down; the snuff-boxes had cases upon them; we took and destroyed every thing about them as soon as we could.

Q. What quantity of money did he give you?

Bradley. I can't tell: there was an hundred guineas in one tin case, and ninety-nine in the other; and there were some guineas in papers; I can't tell what quantity; they were put together in a bag; he gave me the bag; I can't tell where he had it; I did not stay to see what was in the bag; I carried all away: I put the guineas that were roll'd up in papers in the bag, and the snuff boxes in my waistcoat pockets; he gave me a watch, I brought that away, but can't tell which pocket I put it in; he gave me two pocket books; I did not then know what was in them; but I afterwards: after this we came down stairs.

Q. What was done with the chissel and gimblet?

Bradley. I know nothing what was done with them: we left the tinder-box with intention they should imagine it was done by somebody that did not know the house: when we came down stairs, he said I must not try to open the door, I should make a noise; he opened the door and delivered the pistols to me for my own security; and I went out directly: he said he would not shut the door, but leave it a-jar; he begged by all means not to see me for a fortnight or three weeks: I made the best of my way: after that, I saw by the papers, all the servants were taken up upon the occasion. The first time I saw him after this, was, a servant maid, an acquaintance of mine, call'd upon me, to go to the play: I there saw Weskett in one of the side-boxes: I was in the gallery; I winked at him and he at me; I met him as he came out, and left that person by herself, and went with him to a house under the piazza, as you come down from Covent Garden play-house, the bottom door; there we had a bottle of wine: he said all things were safe; and hoped I had taken care of every thing that he had delivered to me: I said I thought I had taken care.

Q. Where did you carry the things?

Bradley. I carried them all that very night to Mr. Cooper's house, in New Turn-stile, Holborn.

Q. How came you to carry them there?

Bradley. Because Cooper and I had been intimate acquaintances: I lodged there.

Q. Did he know of this before you carried them?

Bradley. No, he knew nothing of it; but he had a little suspicion I was going upon something.

Q. What time did you get to Cooper's house?

Bradley. It must in course be past two o'clock: I went and knocked at his room door; the outer door was open; it frequently was left open for other lodgers in the house: I asked Mrs. Cooper where Mr. Cooper was? she very roughly answered,

You know better than I do: I imagined she might think we had been out drinking together; I went down to a pease-soop shop by Temple-bar; he was not there; then I went to a night-house by Holborn Bars; there I had some brandy hot; I had all the things about me then: after staying about an hour, I returned to Cooper's house, and went and deposited every thing in a sort of a shed in the yard, under no lock: then I went again in search for Cooper, and met him by accident on the other side Temple Bar, that is, on the side nearest here; this was between three and four o'clock; we went and drank together, and when we got home it was quite morning.

Q. Did you mention this affair to him then?

Bradley. He had some reason to imagine I had been doing something; I said, in the morning I would tell him, which I did that day, or the day after.

Q. What did you tell him?

Bradley. I said there were such things, and where they came from, in the manner I have told it here; and went and shewed him them; and said, the safest way would be to bury these things in your cellar, and you need not want money; we will bury them, that they never can be found: I gave him some of the money.

Q. Were the things buried by day or night?

Bradley. I am not sure which; because it is a dark celler, and we had a candle; he dug the hole, and lent me a wooden box to keep the wet from them: when I wanted money, I went there; I never had any about me; and Cooper had money from there several times.

Q. What did you do with the notes?

Bradley. All bills of exchange, and draughts, that did not belong to the bank, we took and destroyed.

Q. What had you got, when you came to look at them?

Bradley. I did not examine all the things thoroughly, for almost a month; as there was enough, I let it rest: I tore the pocket-books immediately, and put them into one of the boxes; I buried the bag, in which were the roloes, the tin cases; the three snuff-boxes, the watch chain, and seal, in the presence of Cooper; he saw them all; I never went there for money without Cooper, because he kept the key, fearing any accident.

Q. Was that cellar always kept locked?

Bradley. I believe it was sometimes locked, and sometimes unlocked; the place was full of wood; this was just as we go in at the door: there were piles of wood on each side; he used to remove wood every day: he sells wood, and keeps a chandler's shop.

Q. Did you never tell Cooper of this intended robbery before it was committed?

Bradley. I never did, to my knowledge.

Q. What did you do with the bank notes?

Bradley. I had several meetings with Weskett; he blamed me for not attempting to put the notes off here: I wanted to go abroad with them: he said, My Lord is well known at all the courts in Europe; you can't put them off without being known. Then I said I'd go to Chester fair, and put them off there: so I went: this was in July, called Midsummer-fair: there I put them off for cloth and bills: I had the 100 l. and 30 l. notes with me: I had two draughts; one upon Mr. Wimpey, in Newgate-street, that was for 12 l. and upwards: (he is shewed a paper) this is it, I am very sure; it is for 12 l. 5 s.

Court. Look upon the back of it.

Bradley. Here is

"Received, Joseph Smith ." I was with Weskett when he went there to receive the money.

Court. Look on this other draught. (He takes it in his hand).

Bradley. This I received at Chester also: this is for 43 l. 9 s. I kept company as other merchants did: I said, I was a young one in dealing in linen; and they let me buy the linen as they did that laid out two or three thousand pounds: when I had done, I got a post-chaise, and came with my linen and draughts to London. I had Mr. Wimpey's accepted: then I went to Mr. Alderman Cartwright, and he gave me a draught on his banker, to be paid 2 month or six weeks after.

Q. Did Cooper know of your going to Chester-fair?

Bradley. He did; he went along with me to the Swan and two Necks, in Lad-Lane, when I set out.

Q. What day did you set out?

Bradley. I can't tell the day: I went in the stage-coach in two days: I came to town on a Sunday morning, pretty early, and went to a house in Piccadilly: I had a lodging at that time in Swallow-street: I sent for Cooper, and said, The bank notes had been stopped, and I had like to have been taken into custody; (this I said in joke); he said, he hop'd not: then I shewed him the two draughts: he said, he would not meddle with them; and I said I would go and have them accepted immediately: we staid till it was due.

When Weskett came out of Mr. Wimpey's house, he said he had received the money: he said he had signed his name upon the back of it, but it could not be known.

Q. How many names were upon the back of it when you gave it to him for payment?

Bradley. There were not two names then, as I know of: Weskett went with the bill of 43 l. in the same manner: I went with him into Birchin-lane, and staid till he came out; then he told me he had got the money.

Q. Had Weskett and you used to meet together often?

Bradley. We used to meet and drink together; we used sometimes to drink punch; sometimes beer; we used to find liquor, and Cooper used generally to find sugar and lemons; we used to meet frequently at Cooper's house: Weskett and I used to meet at a number of houses where he used.

Q. Did you at any time furnish Weskett with any part of this money?

Bradley. Yes; I gave him thirty guineas once, and fifty guineas once; we did not stand upon an odd guinea; we had no writing at all, fearing, if we were taken up, that would make a discovery; so can't tell the exact times; it was three or four months after the robbery; he had told us he had enough.

Q. Can you tell the amount of the cash you brought from Lord Harrington's?

Bradley. I believe it was between 3 and 400 l. Weskett delivered the roloes to me as we were going down stairs; they were in a bag; I can't tell how many; they were in a canvas bag; I never looked into that bag for a great while; when the money was taken out it was loose, and there were bits of loose paper in the bag: the money was buried in a wet place in the cellar; the water came into the hole three or four inches deep: I think, when I did examine it, I found a little more than an hundred guineas. When I came to the bottom of Gray's-inn-Lane, I desired leave of the landlord to leave the linnen there: (I don't remember the sign). It was a house that I thought I might come from thence to Cooper's house, without being seen by any body that knew me: so I went to Cooper's house, and told him as I mentioned before.

Q. Do you know any thing of a silver candlestick and standish?

Bradley. I do; I remember taking the standish I think, out of the study: it was a silve r one; I think it was upon the table: there was a little candlestick also; I brought them both away, and cut them both to pieces in Cooper's cellar: Cooper let me in, and gave me a chopper to chop them: they were all left in this hole in the cellar. (A parcel of silver chopp'd to pieces produc'd in court). This appears to be them: the clasps were taken off the books, and put amongst the pieces. (He takes a piece of the clasp in his hand.) This is a piece of one, and the watch and boxes are what I carried away, which my Lord has swore to.

Cross Examination.

Q. When was you first before Sir John Fielding ?

Bradley. I think it was Sunday was se'ennight, at night.

Q. How came you there? Did you surrender voluntarily?

Bradley. I came without force.

Q. Did not a person come to you, and bring you there?

Bradley. I went as soon as he told me Sir John wanted me.

Q. Did you not know that you was advertised on this occasion?

Bradley. No: I had read an advertisement in regard to Walker.

Q. Where did that man, that came for you, find you?

Bradley. He found me in Wapping.

Q. Did you live there at that time?

Bradley. No.

Q. What was your business there?

Bradley. I went to meet Cooper; he was to bring me some money.

Q. Does Cooper live at Wapping?

Bradley. I believe he has lived there; he told me he would meet me there.

Q. What sort of clothes had you on when you was taken?

Bradley. I had sailor's clothes.

Q. How came you to wear sailor's clothes?

Bradley. Cooper told me, the last time I saw him, that people were after me about a bastard child; and I thought I would not pay the money, because I knew somebody else was concerned as well as I; so I got these clothes for a sort of a disguise.

Sir Richard Adams, to Counsel. You need not put your Examination to prove him a man of bad character, for he is as bad a man as ever appeared in this court.

Q. What was the reason Weskett applied to you to be an accomplice?

Bradley. There had been other things between us, and he thought he could rely upon me more than on any other.

Q. What did you take the tinder-box for?

Bradley. To leave it there, that they might think it was somebody that did not know the house, or where to light a candle.

Q. Was Cooper's cellar door always locked?

Bradley. It was sometimes open, and sometimes not.

Q. Could not the other lodgers go into that cellar?

Bradley. No, not unless they go out into the street; and sometimes Cooper kept the key, and sometimes I did.

Q. Did Cooper know any thing of this affair before you told him?

Bradley. I believe he did not.

James Bevell . I am steward to Lord Harrington. When Weskett was hired to be porter in my Lord's service, I gave him instructions as to his duty; to be particular in opening the door; that what letters he received for my Lord, to deliver them to his footman; and likewise every letter for Lady Harrington, to deliver them to the groom of the chamber, or her footman; and what were for the servants, to deliver them himself, and not to stick them up in the hall: he did so for above a year; while the family was in town, no man more careful, or more particular. I remember, some little time before this robbery, after the family came out of the country, I have knocked at the door once or twice before I have got in, and a footman opened the door; I asked where the porter was; I saw him coming down stairs: I have said, where have you been? he said, I have been up to my Lord with a letter: I have told him, he had my Lord's own man to receive letters; you should stay at the door. I have knocked at the door, and could not get in: I have given orders that nobody but the porter should answer the knock. Weskett always knew what time my Lord received his bills and money: he knew these bills were come.

Q. How did he know that?

Bevell. He knew from me; I told him I had received bills, and there were some tradesmen to be paid: I told him I had been to Sir William Hart's, in order to pay them.

Q. What occasion had you to tell him?

Bevell. I said I should send for them to the house, that he might get a crown or half a crown: he knew I had sent to a farmer to come on the Sunday morning to receive 200 l. and upwards; and that person was with me that Sunday when my Lord was getting up, and I heard of the robbery: he has come into the city for bills, and to have them accepted: then I thought him a very honest man: My Lord's footman and valet de chambre were newly come; and the prisoner was the only person in the house, that knew, by going up to my Lord, the drawers where the bills and money were, except a maid or two: he came into my Lord's room two or three days before the robbery: I was there, and when he came in, I walked out: the drawer was then out that contained roloes of money, and the flap was open. On the evening of the day after the robbery, we made a discovery of what things were made use of in breaking the drawers open; the housekeeper found a gimblet and chissel: I went and brought Mr. Philips, who is a better judge than I can pretend to be: both the house-keeper and he are here, to give the court an account of them.

Q. Do you remember Weskett's box being searched, to see if any money could be found?

Bevell. There were about 18 guineas found: this was some little time after the robbery; it might be a week after: after we found out the robbery, I came to the porter's lodge, and said, There are but four or five of us could be concerned in this robbery: I searched his shoes, to see if they were dirty.

Q. Did you observe any place that had the appearance of any person coming in?

Bevell. No, none at all: I examined the out-side of the wall, where there was this appearance of dirt on the in-side the window; there was the print of a foot going up upon the dresser, as if a dirty foot had rubbed against the wall, under the window in the kitchen, and the window was open: there is a wall before that window: had a person got out at that window, they must get over that wall: it is about five feet high; I examined it well; there is moss upon it; so that if any person had put their foot or hand upon it, a mark must have been seen; but we saw no appearance of any such thing; from thence we did conclude no person could come in or go out that way.

Q. Has Bradley described the rooms he has mentioned?

Bevell. He has described them very well.

Q. Was you at Cooper's house?

Bevell. I was, last Saturday was a week; Cooper was with me; he unlocked the cellar door.

Q. How came you and Cooper to be together?

Bevell. When he found he was to be committed, he called Sir John and me together, and told us of the things that were buried in his cellar: that Bradley and Weskett were the two persons that had robbed Lord Harrington; and that he had them of Bradley: he said he had known Bradley ten or a dozen years: that they first became acquainted by living in the Temple: he said, Bradley had come away from his place, from Mr. Commings's, about a month before the robbery, and lodged at his house: upon which I went with him into his cellar; I found, under a tyle and some earth, with some coals over them, two gold snuffboxes enamelled, the repeating watch, and some silver cut to pieces, the same as produced here, in a dirty bag; and in another corner, in a box not buried, a plain gold snuff-box: then I brought Cooper back to Sir John Fielding . That night Mr. Marsden and I found fifty-two guineas in a trunk of Weskett's: we brought the trunk to Sir John Fielding : Weskett was then in the Gatehouse. The first time he was taken up, we found fifteen or sixteen guineas in a horn; that was eight or nine months before; he said they were his property: he was taken up three times: I heard a foot over my head about the hour eleven, on the night of the robbery; I said to the maid, Is my Lord come in? after the robbery I recollected this circumstance, and related it to Sir John Fielding : he examined all the Servants of the house; Weskett declared, upon his examination, he had not been up stairs that might; so did all the other servants, from the time my Lord went out, till they went to bed.

Q. Was my Lord at home at the time you heard that foot-step?

Bevell. No, he was not.

Q. Are you acquainted with Weskett's handwriting?

Bevell. I am well acquainted with it; I have seen him write often.

(He is shown the receipts on the two draughts Bradley brought from Chester, and deposed, he believes the forged names to be wrote by Weskett).

Cross Examination.

Q. When Cooper confessed before Sir John Fielding , recollect yourself whether Sir John did not tell him, if he would confess, he would admit him an evidence for the crown.

Bevell. The first time, he said he knew no more of it than the child unborn: the second time, I believe Sir John said, he had better declare what he knew of the affair, and he would use his interest to get him admitted.

Q. Do you know by what means Bradley was taken up?

Bevell. It was by the means of Cooper, by what I hear.

Q. Did not Sir John offer a reward of ten guineas for the taking Bradley up?

Bevell. Yes he did.

Mrs. Street. I am a Servant to my Lord Harrington: I was going up the great stairs on the Saturday night that the robbery was committed; and I saw Weskett in the long gallery, coming from the Mall-room; that room is joining to the room where the robbery was committed.

Q. What time of the night might that be?

Mrs. Street. I believe it was very near 11 o'clock.

Q. Can you go through the Mall-room to the room where the robbery was committed?

Mrs. Street. Yes.

Mr. Philips. I saw the places that were broke open; there was a chissel and gimblet shewed me; (these produced here.) these are they: I tried them to the places where violence was used in wrenching the places open, and they exactly fitted to the places.

Cross Examination.

Q. Are not there many tools of this sort?

Philips. Undoubtedly there are.

Mrs. Johnson. I am house-keeper at Lord Harrington's: these two instruments I found (in a little box, in a closet by my Lady's dressing-room), on the Sunday night after the robbery; they were in a place where all the Servants have access; so that if we want a nail or a hammer, we know where to go for them.

William Peters . I am one of my Lord's chairmen: I went away from the house as soon as the servants came down stairs, when it was rather better than twelve o'clock at night, the night the robbery was committed, and I know the door was shut after me; I always try, by shoving my elbow against it; a footman shut it.

Q. to Bevell. Did you search well, to see if it was possible for any person to get in at any other place than the door?

Bevell. I did; I searched all the windows of

the house, to see if any marks of feet appeared, and all the locks and walls round the house: I could find nothing to lead me to believe they could come in any way but by the street-door, and there appeared no violence upon that.

Q. Was Weskett turned away, or did he go away?

Bevell. He was turned away.

Mrs. Tompkinson. I am a servant in the family. When I came down, on the Sunday morning, the street-door was wide open; this was between, seven and eight o'clock: I was laying the fire in the steward's room, when the porter came to the door: he asked me if I had seen Old Wag? that is an old man that my Lord keeps out of charity: he said, Have you let him in? I said, no; but the door was wide open when I came down stairs: he turned away, and said, D - n it, who could go and leave the door open.

Cross Examination.

Q. Had that old man used to come often?

Mrs. Tompkinson. He used to come every day.

Justice Spinnage. I was at my Lord Harrington's house, to examine the servants: I examined them very particularly: Weskett told me he had not been up stairs all the day before the robbery, nor the day before that: after he was taken up, I went and searched his box; there were fifteen or sixteen guineas in a drinking horn: I asked him how he came by that money? he said he received it of his Lordship; then he said he had no more; but when he was searched again, then was sixty guineas found: then he said he brought a good deal of money to Lord Harrington's when he came there.

Mr. Sparrow. I have known Weskett between three and four years; he has lodged at my house before he went to my Lord Harrington's, and he has three or four nights since he came away.

Q. Where do you live?

Sparrow. I live in Maddox-street: I keep a public house.

Q. Have you ever seen Weskett and Bradley together?

Sparrow. I have, several times, both at the house where I now live, and the house where I did live.

Q. How long have you known Bradley?

Sparrow. I did not know him till last summer.

Q. What did they appear to come about?

Sparrow. To drink a pot of beer and read the papers.

Q. How many times do you think they have been together at your house?

Sparrow. I am positive they have been there ten or twelve times, I believe. About two or three months after Weskett left Lord Harrington's, he told me he had got some money, and desired me to put it by for him in my bureau: I put it in my waistcoat pocket, till I had an opportunity to put it by. There were seventy guineas of it; I counted it; and about three months after, he had ten guineas out of it: he said it would be safer at my house than at his lodgings.

Q. Did you ever see Cooper at your house?

Sparrow. I never saw him till I saw him at the bar.

Q. to Justice Spinnage. When Cooper was examined at Sir John Fielding 's, what did he say?

Justice Spinnage. It was suspected he knew a great deal; he protested he knew nothing of the matter: I said, I am very well convinced you do; and if you will tell all you know, I'll do all in my power to serve you: he said, he did not know where Bradley was; and he knew nothing of the robbery. Sir John said, I have a great mind to commit you, for you do know: he was going to commit him: then he said, I have something to say: then they went into a room together; what the conversation was, I know not.

Mr. Dumbar. I am servant to Sir Gregory Page . I have known Weskett five years and upwards, and Cooper about three or four: I knew them acquainted with each other two years ago: I have seen them but seldom together.

Q. Were they acquainted with Bradley, can you tell?

Dunbar. They were; I have seen him with them; I have seen Weskett and Bradley together above a year ago frequently: Weskett lived with me two years at Putney, and he lived at the same place where I lived as butler, in Charles-street, about five or six years ago: at that time no servant upon earth was more at home, or behaved better: he left our service at his own request, by saying the place was not good enough, and Master gave him a character: I believe, at that time, he deserved a good character: where he lived about two years after that, he behaved extremely well. Cooper was also acquainted with Bradley two years ago.

Q. Have you seen either of the three together lately?

Dunbar. I saw Bradley and Weskett together three or four times last summer.

Q. Do you know in what manner Weskett lived last summer?

Dunbar. No, I do not.

Joseph Timewell . I keep the Portland-arms, in Portland-street. Bradley brought Weskett to my house, two or three years ago; I saw them togegether about a month ago, at my house; they had a dram at the bar, and away they went.

Q. How often may you have seen them together?

Timewell. I have seen them twenty times together, for what I know. Weskett was out of place, and he left a chest or trunk at my house; Bradley and he came together.

Q. When was this?

Timewell. This was, I believe, two or three years ago.

Q. Who had the key of it?

Timewell. I don't know: Bradley came and took it away.

Weskett's Defence.

There are many things I can contradict, if your lordship will give me leave: I can account for my being in the gallery. As to what Elizabeth Street says, it is well known to all the family, that I used frequently to go over that gallery, to my lady's dressing-room. Another thing, Mr. Devell says I have no right to go to my lord's apartment; I have been by my Lord's order for franks, and many times my Lord's footman has been out of the way, and sometimes he has had no valet de chambre, and my Lady's footman did not care to go; and I have carried them, and my Lord has given me a guinea at a time.

Cooper's Defence.

I went to Sir John Fielding , and made a discovery, according to the advertisement: Sir John gave it out I was to be admitted an evidence: It was by my instigation that Bradley was taken, by one Bradshaw; and my Lord was bound over to prosecute Weskett and Bradley.

Q. to Mr. Bevell. Was it Weskett's business to go up stairs?

Bevell. He was cautioned against going up stairs. I never knew of his going up stairs, till the last time of my Lord's returning from the country: to my knowledge, he had not been up to my Lord before.

Lord Harrington. It was the business of my own footman to come up to me with messages. I can't recollect that the prisoner came up to me, till very lately: it was officiously, when he did.

Weskett called nobody to his character.

Cooper called Mr. Jones, with whom he had lived about five years and a half, down till February, 1763. Stephen Beck , who had known him five years, and had lent him money when he went into business, which was last February twelvemonths. Mr. Downs, and Mr. Blare, about ten years; and Mr. Story, a great many years; who all had a good opinion of him, till this affair.

Weskett, Guilty . Death .

Cooper, Guilty . T. 14 .

There was another indictment against Weskett, for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Henry Montague , Esq; and stealing a quantity of jewels and money, March 20, 1760; and Cooper, for receiving part of the same, well knowing them to have been stolen.

Edward Macloclane.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-53
VerdictNot Guilty

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56. (M.) Edward Macloclane was indicted for stealing eight iron bars, value 2 s. an iron door frame to a still, value 2 s. an iron door, value 2 s. and one brass cock, value 10 s. the property of John Hill , Esq ; December 1 . +

This appearing to be only a trespass, and not a felony, he was Acquitted .

James Colley, Jacob Stiner.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-54

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57, 58. (L.) James Colley and Jacob Stiner were indicted for stealing twenty-eight pounds weight of sugar, value 10 s. the property of persons unknown, October 28 . ++

Both Guilty . T .

Edward Barnes.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-55
VerdictNot Guilty

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59. (L.) Edward Barnes was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 8 s. and a pewter spoon, value 1 d. the property of Robert Shilingford , November 8 . +

The prosecutor deposed he lost a shirt and spoon; and a shirt and spoon were found upon the prisoner, and produced in court; but there being no mark upon either, the prosecutor could not swear to them.

Acquitted .

Frances Melton, Jane Adams.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-56
VerdictNot Guilty

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60, 61, (M.) Frances Melton , widow , and Jane, wife of John Adams , were indicted for stealing a gold ring, value 4 s. the property of Charles Dick , December 3 . +

Charles Dick . I live in silver-street, Golden-square , and am a silversmith . The two prisoners came into my shop, on the 3d of December, under pretence of selling some bits of old silver; I had laid down a gold ring behind a glass-case for my boy to deliver to a gentleman that was to call for it: the gentleman called for the ring while the prisoners were in the shop, but the ring was gone: the boy said he saw Adams reach her hand to the place where the ring lay: they were both charged with it, and both desired to be searched immediately. I was not at the search.

John Morris . I saw Jane Adams put her hand behind the shew-glass, which stood upon the compter; I had seen my master put the ring up in paper, and she took it from behind the compter. I did not challenge her, because I did not know the consequence, without being more sure; upon my master's missing the ring, I told him I had seen Jane Adams take something in a paper from that place: my master said he would have them searched: they were taken into the passage, and the maid and two women searched them.

Valentine Middleton. I am journeyman to Mr. Dick. I was at work in the back shop, and heard the boy say he had lost the ring. I went in, and the two prisoners were striping themselves in the shop; I told the maid to take them into the entry; she did: Melton was very unwilling to have her head searched; I laid hold of her hands, and pulled off her cap, and the ring fell down upon her shoulder; (produced and deposed to by prosecutor): she said Jane Adams gave it her: Adams was then in liquor; they were both taken to a justice of the peace, and committed.

Melton's Defence.

When we went in there, Jane Adams found, as she thought, a bit of silver, and gave it to me: I never put it in my hair; they may say what they please.

Adams's Defence.

We have sold many a bit of silver at Mr. Dick's shop: I took a piece of paper from the ground, and took it to be a piece of my own silver.

For the prisoner.

John Taylor , who had known Melton eight years, and Adams three; Thomas Bowlan had known both seven or eight; John Smith and Mr. Brown had known Adams twelve; Alexander Barclay seven; Mrs. Lee two; Mrs. Savery eleven, and Melton twenty: Jane Preston had known Adams eight; Thomas Edwards had known Melton fourteen; Mr. Pyke had known Adams from a girl, and Elizabeth Allen had known her three years: They all said the prisoners were cinder-sisters, and picked up things in the street, and that they bore the characters of very honest women.

Both Acquitted .

Francis Stoner.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-57
SentenceDeath > death and dissection; Death > executed

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62. (M.) Francis Stoner was indicted for the wilful murder of Elizabeth Antweezle , spinster : he stood charged on the coroner's inquest for the said murder, December 1 . +

Catharine Evans . I live in Ward's-rents, Mutton-lane . The prisoner and Elizabeth Antweezle used to cohabit together: about a fortnight ago, on a Saturday, about five in the morning, the woman (the deceased) came to our house; my husband got up, and let her in; she had nothing on but her shift, and a handkerchief tied over her head: I asked her what was the matter? she said Stoner was using her very ill, and she lay down behind me. After that, I went to the prisoner for her cloaths; he would not let me have them, and swore, if he could lay hold of her, he would have his revenge on her, he would kill her, and that she should never come within the door any more. After that, Mr. Holt went over, and the prisoner sent two petticoats, an apron, and handkerchief; she got up, and dressed herself. I went to the door, and saw the prisoner coming, and said to her he was coming: she ran into the backyard (this was between 10 and 11 o'clock): he ran after her, and took his knife out of his pocket; ( producing a small clasp knife) this is it; he ran it against her side: I strove to hinder him; but the point being broke before, it did not hurt her.

Q. What did he say at the time?

Evans. He swore he would run that knife through her. While I had hold of him, she ran out into the street; he shut the knife, and put it into his pocket: in a little time, he followed her out, and took up a brick-bat, and threw it at her, but miss'd her; she ran towards Mr. Bullock's house, the sign of the two brewers, and he followed her down the court. Soon after, I he

had killed her; I went to their lodgings, and just saw her before she was dead: she drew her breath about four or five times, and died: there was then only the prisoner, Edward Gibson , and myself in the room. I was afraid the prisoner would do some hurt to himself, so I took this knife out of his pocket, and gave it to the constable: I saw the wound on the deceased; it was between her two breasts.

Prisoner. I know I am a dying man, on this witness's words, but I did not know I had that knife (she produced) in my pocket; the deceased woman gave me that knife that morning, to cut a toe nail of mine that grew in.

Sarah Timonds . I am servant to Mr. Bullock, at the Two Brewers, in Vine-street, on Saffron-hill. On the first of this month, the deceased came into the kitchen (it was near 11 o'clock): she sat down fronting the fire, and called for a pennyworth of warm two-penny; my master warmed it, and in the mean time, the prisoner came in: he bid her go home several times; she said she would never go home any more; he had a key in his hand, with which he hit her a blow over the arm: she begged of him to let her alone: he stood by looking at her, and bid her go home; she said she never would. He put the key in his pocket, and I saw him snatch something from the dresser, but what it was, I could not tell; he ran with great force up to her, as she was sitting; I saw him make at her breast, and saw a motion of his arm, but did not see a knife.

Q. Did he say any thing?

Timonds. I did not hear him speak. She never after that cried out or spoke; I screamed out: she fell out of her chair, upon her right arm.

Q. How long after you saw that motion, was it that she fell?

Timonds. She fell in about two minutes, or not so long.

Q. What made you scream out?

Timonds. I thought he was going to beat her: after that, he drew back, and stood in the kitchen; my master hearing me, ran in, out of the taproom; the deceased was not then fell down, but her eyes were working: while my master was gone to the door to call Mr. Gibson, she fell down; there was a case knife, with a long blade, sharp pointed, lying on the dresser: my master had just cut a piece of bread with it, for me to toast; the same was found upon the dresser, with blood upon it (produced in court): when Mr. Gibson came in, she was lying on her right side: my master helped her up upon his back, and he took her to her lodgings.

William Bullock . I keep the Two Brewers. On the first of December, about two or three minutes before eleven o'clock, the deceased came into my house, and went directly through the tap-room into the kitchen, and sat down; she said, bring me a pennyworth of warm two-penny, I am very cold: there are two dressers join, and she sat between them, in a chair. After I gave her the twopenny, I went back into the tap-room: the prisoner came in, in about three or four minutes, and walked round the tap-room, and went out again, with a key in his hand. I said to him, why do you put yourself in such passions, for to expose yourself and wife? I do'nt remember any answer he made. In less than two minutes, he came in again, and went directly into the kitchen, to the deceased: somebody screamed; I ran into the kitchen, and saw the woman's breast open, and a little issuing of blood; I said, I am afraid you have killed your wife, Stoner; I don't know that he made any answer. I ran to the door, and saw Mr. Gibson, and said, I was afraid Stoner had killed his wife. He came in: I said, for God's sake, let us take her home: I helped her on his back, and he carried her home. My main care was to see that Stoner did not get away: I said to him, you must not go away; he said he would not; he went out into the street, and staid there a little while, and after that, he went to his own apartment. I sent for a constable, as soon as I had word that she was dead: after we had been at the justice's, we examined for the knife, and found this on the dresser (here produced) all bloody.

Edward Gibson . On the first of December, I was at my own door, when the last evidence called me; I went in, and saw the deceased lying on the floor, in the kitchen, on her right side; he said Stoner was in the passage: I took and carried the deceased home, and laid her on her bed: I turned her handkerchief aside, and saw it was a fatal blow. I ran down stairs, and saw Stoner at the end of the court: I said, Stoner, good man, come up; he came into the room; after he was in the room, she fetched four or five fighs, but never spoke. Said I, O Stoner, she is a dead woman! He said, O Bett, shall I die for you? turning round, stooped down and buss'd her; after she was dead, he turned round in a sort of a passion, opened his cloaths, and whip'd his hand in his pocket, I thought, with intent to kill himself, by the motion he had: I said, hold, Stoner, one life, not two; and catched hold of him. I put my hand in his right hand pocket, and Mrs. Evans put her hand in his left, and she took that

small clasp knife out of it: he opened the casement, that looks plumb on the deceased's mother's, and said, this is all through that snub-nose b - h, the sister, and that old b - h, the mother: when I go in the cart, I shall lay it all to their charge. There came assistance, and we took him before Justice Girdler, and he committed him to New Prison. The justice ordered me to go to see the prisoner: I went the next day, which was Sunday; there was one of the runners there; I told him, I came by the justice's order, to see the prisoner had no knives about him, and take off his garters; and about a quarter of an hour after he was locked up. I put my head to him, as he was sitting at the lodge fire, and said, Stoner, tell me true, Was that the knife that lay on Mr. Bullock's dresser? he said, yes, and all wicked people together: God knows the meaning of those words, for I do not. On the Monday, I went again, and Mr. Coleman with me; the prisoner was in the yard, making water: said I, this is a sad accident; you remember you told me you owned to the knife; he did not then deny it, but made no answer.

Prisoner. I said that was the knife it was done with, but whether she took it up to stab me, or how it was done, I know not.

Charles Coleman . I went with Mr. Gibson, on the Monday, and saw the prisoner in the yard: Mr. Gibson asked him whether he had killed the woman or not? he said, yes, and the occasion was through the sister-in-law.

Q. Mention the words as near as you can.

Coleman. To the best of my knowledge, Mr. Gibson asked him whether that was the knife that lay on the dresser? and he told him that was the knife.

Q. Did Mr. Gibson make use of the words, killed her?

Coleman. He did; and the other said it was through the sister-in-law.

Nathaniel Hart . I am a surgeon. I was called in to examine the deceased, when the coroner sat upon the body: I examined it, and found a wound in the superior part of the sternum, or breastbone; but upon raising the sternum, I found a great quantity of blood under it; in making farther search, I found the pericardium wounded, and a great quantity of blood likewise; and upon farther enquiry, I found a wound in the right ventricle of the heart, where I believe the major part of the blood came from: I pass'd my finger into the heart, and that satisfied me, without making any farther enquiry: no person could live after receiving such a wound; it seemed to have been done with a picked pointed instrument: I compared this case-knife here with the wound, and it fitted exactly; it went through the sternum.

Q. to S. Timonds. Do you recollect how far the deceased was fitting from that part of the dresser where the knife was found?

S. Timonds. I think she could not reach to where the knife lay.

Prisoner's Defence.

When I first went into Evans's house, I desired her to go home, and she said she would not: the night before she had lain out all night. I said, where you have been, you may go there again: I then walked down to Black-lion-stairs, to my boat. (I am a waterman). I had the key in my hand: when I returned, I went into Mr. Bullock's house; I said, Madam, do you please to go home? No, d - n my eyes, said she, if I do, and began to bridle her head at me, in a whore's fashion. I said, you have been whoring all night, and hit her with the key: she took up the knife, and said, d - n you, you dog, I'll be the butcher of you. I took hold of her arm, and whether she did it herself, or what not, I know not; but her design was for me: she tried to poison me within these two months; but as for doing it myself, before God and man I did not. Fourteen years ago, she has strove to do the same; she has hit me over the face and eyes with pots. When Mr. Gibson took her up, I helped her on his back; and before he came in, she haul'd me to her, and kiss'd me; and when I came into the room to her, Gibson said, she is dead: then I said, I'll die too. She has been a woman of the town twenty years, and I wanted to break her of it, but could not.

Guilty . Death .

This being Saturday, he received sentence immediately, to be executed on the Monday following , and his body to be dissected and anatomized.

James Bourn.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-58

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63. (M.) James Bourn was indicted for stealing one hundred pounds weight of lead, value 12 s. the property of Thomas Prior , November 22 . +

Thomas Prior . I live in Great Russel-street, Bloomsbury : I am a bricklayer ; the prisoner is a labourer ; I employed him two years. On the night between the 21st and 22d of last month, I missed about 300 lb. weight of lead; it was found concealed on my premises, behind a door: I set

two men to watch: the next witness can give a farther account; the prisoner was discharged from me last Easter eve.

- Maguire. Mr. Prior set me to watch; and between five and six at night, the prisoner came and took away four pieces of it in a sack, and carried it out of the yard; I followed, and took him with it upon him, and brought him into the prosecutor's house: upon charging him with taking more, he said he would go and shew us where, it was, which he did. (Part of the lead taken upon him produced and deposed to).

Prisoner's Defence.

I went into a public house; a man asked me if I would earn a shilling; I said I would, in an honest way; he sent me for this sack; I went for it, and the man took me as I was coming out at the gate.

He called Mary Matthews, Christopher Erstis , Thomas Creswell , and Thomas Sharrard , who gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

Stephen Deveaux.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-59

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64. (M.). Stephen Deveaux was indicted for stealing a silk purse, value 1 penny, one half guinea, five quarter guineas, and one shilling, in money, numbered , the property of Robert Adinal , October 26 . +

Rebecca Adinal . My husband's name is Robert; we live in Holywell-street, behind St. Clement's Church : my husband is a journeyman peruke-maker : last night was seven weeks, I was washing in the parlour, between eight and nine at night; a neighbour came in for six pennyworth of half-pence; I went into the shop, and found my till on the ground; my purse was gone out of it, with five quarter guineas, and half a guinea, and a shilling: on the Tuesday after, a man brought the evidence here: the man asked me if I had not lost something on the Friday night? I said, yes: the boy boldly said, you lost five quarter guineas, half a guinea, and a shilling: he said he stole it: I asked him how he durst come in to steal it? he fell a laughing: the man said, there were three more of them at Justice Fielding's, and this little boy was admitted evidence, and desired me to go to Sir John: I went there, and saw the prisoner and two others tied together; there the boy said to the prisoner, Give the woman the purse: then the prisoner pulled this purse out of his waistcoat pocket, and gave it to me: (produced in court). I don't care to swear to it; I believe it is mine, which I have had twelve months.

Edward Mackrill . I am going in the 16th year of my age: the prisoner came out of Tothill-fields Bridewell, on a Thursday, and he went along with me on the Friday, to this shop, in St. Clement's parish; he opened the door, and I kneeled down and went in on my hands and knees to the till, and took the gold out, as she has mentioned, and a shilling: I left the till on the ground; we divided the money going along: we went to the Black horse in St. Giles's Ruins.

Q. What share of the money had you?

Mackrill. I had half a guinea, a quarter guinea, and a share of another quarter guinea, half a crown, and three half-pence; he had the purse. We kept company till we were taken, which was the Monday following: we had a gold lac'd hat upon us, and were both taken up in Mynard-street, by St. Giles's: when we went to Mr. Fielding, I told him of this affair: Edward Wright took us up.

Edward Wright . I took up the prisoner, evidence, and another, all together, in a house in St. Giles's; there is a bill found against the third person at Hicks's Hall, for stealing the hat. The evidence told the whole affair before the Justice.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of that boy; he makes a common practice of going about to take people in: I did not come out of Bridewell till about seven that night he speaks of: my father keeps a barber's shop in Hog-lane.

Guilty . T .

William Good.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-60
VerdictNot Guilty

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65. (M.) William Good was indicted for stealing one hat, value 8 s. the property of Alexander Gardiner , October 24 . +

Alexander Gardiner . On the 24th of October, between 11 and 12 at night, I went to have a pint of beer in a night-cellar, in the Hay-market ; I came out to make water at the corner of a street: three men came; the prisoner was one of them: he took my hat off my head; I thought at first it was in joke, till I saw they all ran away; then I ran and call'd Stop thief: the prisoner was stopped in Rupert-street, by Captain Smith, when I was about forty yards from him; I never saw my hat after he took it; only I saw it in his hand at his first running: the prisoner was never

out of my sight, only when he turned the corner; then I turned too: he always denied it; but I am sure he is the man.

Q. What are you?

Gardiner. I am a coachman .

Prisoner's Defence.

When I was stopped, I heard the cry, Stop thief: I turned to see who it could be: a gentleman ran out of a house and laid hold of me: he said, Here he is: the man came up and said he had lost his hat: said I, What is that to me? I did reprimand him, and threaten to strike him, for accusing an innocent person: I struck at him: then he said he would swear I took it: I saw, when before the magistrate, he did not care what he said to affect me. Is it possible a man could see me at the turnings of two or three streets, and at the distance of thirty or forty yards? I am entirely innocent.

Q. to Prosecutor. What became of the other two men?

Prosecutor. They ran after me, as I ran after the prisoner: I did not mind them; he must have thrown the hat away as he ran, but I did not see him do it.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Dukes.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-61
VerdictNot Guilty

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66. (M.) Elizabeth wife of James Dukes , was indicted for stealing a linen shirt, value 3 s. and a linen shift, value 2 s. the property of Elizabeth Holloway , widow , December 10 . ++

The prosecutrix hired the prisoner to sit up with a sick man in her house; the person died; the shirt appeared to be what he died in, which the prisoner called her perquisite: a shift also was missing; the prisoner was charged with it, but never owned she had taken it, and the prosecutrix never found it again.

Acquitted .

John Moreton, Thomas Stone.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-62

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67, 68. (L.) John Moreton and Thomas Stone were indicted, together with Thomas Lenard , not taken, for stealing 600 lb. weight of indico, value 120 l. and a wooden cask, value 3 s. the property of Messrs. James Barril and Peter Tesier , in their warehouse , November 27 . ++

James Barril . Mr. Peter Tesier and I are partners; we have a warehouse in Bush-lane, to put goods in, and particularly indico.

Q. Do you sell indico in that warehouse?

Barril. We do; that is the place where they always go to see it: we weighed the same indico on the 26th of November: I can only swear that cask was missing out of the warehouse on the 27th, in the morning, and we never gave any orders for the delivering of it: it weighed 600 lb. wt. marked D. D. L. E. the cask was found in the river next morning; our cooper has it now in his possession.

William Bullen . I am cooper to Messrs. Barril and Tesier: Moreton is a cooper ; he worked for me some time, when we had business to do, this twelve months on and off: the prisoners were well acquainted, and used to be drinking together; on the 26th of November, we had been sending four barrels of indico away, that belonged to Mr. Scofield, which he had bought; and it is customary with us to mark those barrels. I saw this barrel that was lost then; we had occasion to mark some coffee; and we lost the marking bottle; then I sent a person for it; the next morning he came and told me the cask was gone; I went and missed it; it was marked D. D. L. E. No. 1. I advertised it, but had no success, till the Saturday: I had employed Mr. Fielding's people: we had had Moreton before Sir John Fielding on the Saturday, and he was discharged: I had had a warrant from my Lord Mayor, and backed by Sir John; I sent two people after him, to Ratcliffe. The next morning he came to the shop, and said he would go up to Sir John himself, not chusing to go with these people: he came back again, and proposed to meet me at the Mansion-house: I went and found him there; then I went with him to Sir John Fielding , and not having proof sufficient, he was discharged. The same Saturday night came two of Mr. Fielding's men, between nine and ten o'clock; they told me they could inform me of the indico, and mentioned Stone, Moreton, and Tom. Lenard; and on the Saturday, in the afternoon, we catched Stone at home, and put him into the Compter; Moreton going there to see him, he was apprehended; I got leave of my Lord Mayor to carry them before Sir John: Moreton had been at Sir John's before, upon the account that Isaac Aaron gave: they were committed: Moreton said before the Justice, he knew nothing of the indico, and that he never sold a pound of indico in his life.

Isaac Aaron . I live in Fenchurch-street; I used to come to a public house, Mr. Barber's, in Thames-street, where the two prisoners used; I have been acquainted with them twelve months:

on the 26th of November, between eight and nine at night, I was in Isaac Alexander's house, in Wool-pack Alley, Houndsditch; Thomas Lenard came in with about forty pounds weight of indico; in about half an hour came Jack Moreton , with a quantity: both parcels weighed 138 pounds: Moreton said he had some indico to sell, and wanted Isaac Alexander to buy it: Alexander said, How did you come by it? Moreton said, he had no need to be afraid; he removed fourscore barrels that day, and took a sample out of each of them: so Isaac Alexander bought it of him. Moreton sold both parcels for three shilling, a pound: it was weighed, and the money paid to Moreton: it came to about eighteen or nineteen pounds sterling. The next morning Thomas Lenard came with another parcel about 11 o'clock; I was there then; and the same day Jack Moreton came with another parcel: Alexander bought and paid for them: at night they brought three handkerchiefs, Lenord, Moreton, and Stone, each of them one; which together weighed three-core pounds, which came to just nine pounds sterling. Alexander's wife asked them how they came by so great a quantity? Moreton said, I took my master's key from off the nail, and got it, and put the key there again, before my master come home.

Q. When was this?

Aaron. This was on the Tuesday night, between eight and nine o'clock: they were all together.

Court. Mention the words he made use of.

Aaron. When she scrupled her husband buying it, he said, D - n you, you Jew b - h, do you think I stole it? I got it honestly; I took my master's key from the nail, and took the whole barrel. Moreton asked Alexander what money he had taken of him, in all? Alexander reckoned up about fifty and odd pounds.

Q. Was you before Justice Fielding?

Aaron. I was, on the Monday; I was examined there; Moreton said, he knew nothing of selling any indico.

John Williams . I am almost seventeen years of age: I live with Mr. Bullen: on the 15th of November, about four o'clock, Moreton asked me if I had any good small beer in the house? I said, it was indifferent: he asked me to go and fetch a pint of beer: I did; he drank some, and gave me the rest.

Q. How long was you gone?

Williams. I was gone about three minutes; I went to the Bell in Bush-lane, and left him in the shop.

Q. Where had the key of the warehouse used to lie.

Williams. It used to hang up in the shop, that is, the cooper's shop, just at the going in at the door.

Q. When had you seen that key?

Williams. I delivered four casks of indico for Mr. Scofield, in the warehouse: then all the indico was safe: I covered the heads over, and left them between one and two o'clock; I locked the door, and hung the key up, as usual, in our shop.

Q. Had you been out after that before Moreton came?

Williams. No, I had not; neither did I see any body in the shop, between that time of my hanging the key there, and his coming.

Q. Did you miss the key?

Williams. No, I did not: I went into the warehouse on the Tuesday morning, which was next day; I believe it was before dinner; but Richard Pew ; our other apprentice, went in first for the marking-pot; he came out, and asked master if he had delivered any indico? after that, I went, and saw this cask was missing.

William Buckley . I am a Brewer's servant, ('Squire Calvert's, in Thames-street): I live about four or five hundred yards from the prosecutor's warehouse.

Q. How long have you known the prisoners?

Buckley. I believe I have known Stone twelve months, by seeing him go backwards and forwards: I have very little acquaintance with Moreton: on the 27th of November, Stone came to me in my house: I was sick in bed.

Q. What time was this?

Buckley. I don't know whether the clock had struck five: he said, can you let us leave three large bags here till day-light? I said, With all my heart: he went away for about four or five minutes; Then Tom Lenard, John Moreton , and Tom Stone , came and threw three bags down, and away they went: they were darkish sort of bags; I then did not know what was in them. About nine o'clock, (this was in the morning) Thomas Lenard came for a bag; he took it away: he came again about eleven, and took away another: then I had but one bag left: they all three came again between seven and eight at night; I was just going to bed; they brought some handkerchiefs, and opened the bag, and I saw some blue stuff in it: they took it all out of the bag, and put it into three handkerchiefs; each took a handkerchief, and went away: as they were going

out. Stone put something in my hand, that I thought had been a shilling, and when I came to sit down by the fire-side, I found it was a guinea. I never saw them from that time, till I saw the two prisoners before Sir John Fielding , last Saturday: I declared the same before Sir John as I have here.

Moreton's Defence.

The evening after the goods were lost, I went home about one o'clock: I heard no mention of the indico, till after I went to the shop, on the Tuesday morning; then the boy told me, his master missed a cask of indico: I said, I know nothing of it. The next morning I came again; then he said, I must know something of it; I said I knew nothing about it, and was ready to go before a Justice: he said, he would look farther into it. I went backwards and forwards till Friday evening: then I went with Mr. Bullen to Westminster, and came home about nine: after that I was acquainted that Sir John Fielding 's people were after me: I said, I should not go to-night, but would in the morning, which I did: Sir John's clerk told me there was a warrant out against me, backed by Sir John, and that he had sent people to take me: I said, there I was: he said he could do nothing in it: then I went to Mr. Bullen's, and desired the boy to go with me to the Mansion-House: I went and enquired what time my Lord Mayor would be there? I was told he would be there about twelve: then I told the boy, if his master wanted me I should be there at that time. From thence I went to Sir John Fielding , and was examined by him: then I went home again. On the Sunday I was told there was a warrant against me and Stone: in the morning I heard Stone was taken up; I went and delivered myself up in the Compter: Mr. Bullen came in there, and said, Now you shall be hang'd; there is one Isaac Aaron taken: he spoke open, and said, if it cost him 500 l. he would hang us both. He ordered a coach to be brought, to go before Sir John; and this he said, as he was coming out of the Compter. With regard to the indico, I know nothing of it. Mr. Bullen offered a reward, and employed a parcel of Blacks; presently they found this Isaac, that would swear the lives of all in court away: I don't so much as know where Buckley lives; I never was acquainted with him.

For Moreton.

Robert Everden . I was going into the Poultry Compter, to see a friend that was in trouble: there was Moreton; Mr. Bullen spoke to him; I don't know what Moreton said to him: Mr. Bullen turned round, and pulled out a handkerchief and wiped his mouth, and said, If it cost me 500 d. I'll hang them both: there was somebody in the Compter made answer, Suppose you hang them right or wrong.

Q. Where do you live?

Everden. I live in Church-lane, Whitechapel, and am a journeyman cooper.

Q. Where was he when he spoke this?

Everden. He was in the Compter, within the gate.

Q. Who did Mr. Bullen speak this to?

Everden. That is best known to himself.

Q. Was he standing still, or walking along?

Everden. He must be standing still.

Q. How came you here to give evidence?

Everden. By a sobpoena: I had spoke of this in a public house, and Moreton heard of it.

He called Mr. Pilgrim, who had known him six years; John Hill, seven; William Hollis , Thomas Willis , Thomas Freeman , six or seven; and James Harrison , James Murray , and William Hastings , two; all of whom gave him a good character.

Stone's Defence.

I am innocent.

He call'd William Smith , who had known him about a year; Elizabeth Clayton and Mr. Gibbs, two or three; John Eason , between five and six; Samuel Stubbs , about two; Arthur Percival , four or five; William Nodes , seven; Thomas Smith , seven or eight; John Wooley , three or four; Samuel Keys , upwards of three; all of whom gave him a good character.

Both Guilty . Death .

John Foster.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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69. (M.) John Foster was indicted for committing a rape on the Body of Ann Bean , spinster, an infant , between five and six years of age, November 23 . ++

The Surgeon that had inspected the child did not appear, nor any one else that had inspected her; and the child being too young to be examined, the prisoner was

Acquitted .

He was detained to be tried for an assault with intent to commit a Rape, &c.

John Watkins.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-64

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70. (L.) John Watkins was indicted, for that he, together with William Nesbit (not taken) on the 19th of October , about the hour of two in the night of the same day, the dwelling-house of Charles Warner did break and enter, and stealing one brass pottage-pot, value 6 s. one copper-tea-kettle, value 2 s. one brass water-cock, value 6 d. two pewter dishes, value 1 s. and two pewter plates, value 12 d. the property of the said Charles, in his dwelling-house . +

Charles Warner . I did live in Beech-lane , when my house was robbed; I don't now. I am a brass-turner by trade. I went to bed last, on the 18th of October, and fastened the door to the street, the back door, and made all fast, and went to bed about eleven.

Q. What family have you?

Warner. I have a wife, a maid-servant, and two children. On the 19th, I found my house broke open; they came over the water-tub, and then to the kitchen door, in the yard; that I fastened myself, with a padlock; I found the farther yard door open, and I found this knife (producing a case knife) It is not mine, and a large sauce-pan, on the outside of the yard door; the sauce-pan is my property (I did not lay that in the indictment): I then found my kitchen door open, and missed several things; the padlock was gone: I missed two large pewter dishes, several pewter plates, a pottage-pot, a tea-kettle, and a brass cock: I immediately suspected the prisoner; I have known him two years; he had worked with me as a journeyman; he worked with me the week before; we had had some words, and we parted: I did my best to find him out, and found him in Playhouse-yard, White-cross-street, that afternoon: he was within a few yards of Nesbit's mother's (that is an accomplice we have not taken): I followed the prisoner into 'Nesbit's mother's house; there was the prisoner's mother, who was telling him I had been after him three or four times that morning: he said, he could not think what I wanted with him (this I heard as I was at his back): I told him, if he would go along with me, I would tell him, for I had something particular to say to him, and to Nesbit too (they were both together). Nesbit said, he could not think what I wanted with him; they said they would go with me any where, where I chose: I said, to my own house: the prisoner and his mother went with me very quietly; Nesbit said he would follow, but did not. When I came home, I said, Watkins, I have great reason to believe you have robbed my house; I shall send for a constable and take you up on suspicion, for none but you could do it: he said, if I would go into a private room, he would tell me what was done with the things; that he had neither sold nor pawned them, and that they were lodged in the second or third alley beyond the Roebuck, in Turnmill-street, Cow-cross. I charged a constable with him, and sent him to the Compter; he owned to the taking the things; he said he took the brass cock out of the water-tub, and stuffed a bit of paper in, that the water should not run out: he said the knife was Nesbit's, and that he (Nesbit) broke the padlock of the kitchen-door. I said it must be somebody that knew the door, that could do it; that part of the latch was off, and by putting his finger into a hole, he might lift it up, which people could not know but such as were in the house. I went immediately to search for my goods in that lost; there I found nothing but a flat tin candlestick, and the iron bail of the pot, with which it is lifted on and off the fire: the room below, was a lodging-room, where Nesbit lodged with a woman: while I was looking about the lost, the people below fastened the door, and went out; I came away. When we came before my Lord Mayor, on the Saturday morning, the prisoner told me he had sold the pot, tea-kettle, and brass cock, to Mr. Andrews, in Long-lane: my Lord put it off for that night, and ordered me to come again on the Monday. On the Monday morning, I got a search-warrant, and went to Nesbit's room, where I found two pewter dishes, and two plates (produced and deposed to); they were brought before my Lord Mayor, and he bound me over to prosecute. I went to Mr. Andrews, and he told me he had bought the pot, tea-kettle, and cock of the prisoner at the bar; the pot and kettle were knocked to pieces; there were no marks upon them; the brass cock I can swear to; I had bought it but a few days before, and put it in the tub: (produced and deposed to).

Mr. Andrews. I live in Long-lane, and keep a founder's shop; I buy old brass and copper; the prisoner's father did keep the same sort of a shop as I do, in Barbican: he brought the pottage-pot, tea-kettle, and brass cock to me, about 10 or 11 o'clock on the Friday; the other man came with him, but I did not know him.

Q. Was there a handle to the pot?

Andrews. No, there was not: the pot and tea-kettle were knocked and bruised about, and broke in several pieces; the cock was as it is now. I asked the prisoner how he came by them? he said

his mother gave him them to sell, to buy some tools; that he and another had taken a shop, in Playhouse-yard, Whitecross-street, and this man that came with him, was his partner: I gave him 8 d. a pound for the brass, 9 d. for the copper, and 6 d. for the cock: the pot weighed 6 pounds, the tea-kettle two pounds, and the cock weighed just a pound: the prisoner bought a file of me.

Q. from Prisoner. Which brought it in?

Andrews. I can't say which did; they came both together: I was in the kitchen, and they laid it down on the counter.

Prisoner's Defence.

I paid Nesbit's mother half a crown for tools; I had some work that was in a hurry, and was going to Mr. Andrews's house, to buy a file. I met with Nesbit, and asked him where he was going? he said, to sell this old metal at Andrews's; we went together, and sold it: coming along, he said, I have got some other things; I said, where did you get them? said he, what is that to you. When the prosecutor challenged me with the things, I gave him the best information I could, where they were, and where Nesbit might be found. I never was with him in the house, nor no way concerned with him whatsoever.

Guilty . Death .

Elizabeth Newby.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-65
VerdictNot Guilty

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71 (M.) Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Newby , was indicted for stealing two silk gowns, value 10 s. one pair of stays, value 5 s. two stuff petticoats, value 5 s. and one silk capuchin, value 5 s. the property of Alice Bateman , spinster , October 4 . +

The prosecutrix being sick, and not able to appear to prove her property, the prisoner was Acquitted .

Thomas Davis.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-66
VerdictNot Guilty

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72. (M.) Thomas Davis was indicted for stealing a silk purse. value 1 d. and seven shillings in money, numbered , the property of John Jones , Nov. 12 . +

John Jones deposed, he went to the house of one Williams, to pay a shilling he owed: he drank three pints of beer, and lost his purse with 7 s. in it, he believed, at that time.

Joseph Williams deposed, he keeps a public-house; the prisoner was quartered up in him; the prosecutor pulled out his purse to-pay him, and went away: the next morning, he came and said he had left 7 or 8 s. somewhere; and that rught the prisoner did not lie at home, but in the morning came with a woman, who declared she had picked the prisoner's pocket of 7 or 8 s. one being a remarkable shilling, was produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor, as one that he lost at the time.

The prisoner in his defence said, he picked up that and another shilling at the ale-house door.

Acquitted .

Thomas Wright.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-67
VerdictNot Guilty

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73. (L.) Thomas Wright was indicted for stealing two wainscot planks, value 4 s. and two mahogany planks, value 2 s. the property of Joseph Hatton , and Co. November 24 . ++

Acquitted .

William Walter Crisp.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-68
VerdictNot Guilty

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74. (L.) William Walter Crisp was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Danks , November 12 . ++

Acquitted .

Benjamin Smith.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-69
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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75. (L.) Benjamin Smith was indicted for stealing a pound weight of cotton yarn, value 2 s. the property of Benjamin Silvester Goodfellow , October 17 . ++

Guilty 10 d. T .

John Barnes.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-70

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76. (L.) John Barnes was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of Hezekiah Philips , October 27 . +

Hezekiah Philips. About six weeks ago, my son and I were coming up Cheapside , between seven and eight at night; a young gentleman came to me, and said, Sir, I believe your pocket has been picked: I felt, and found I had lost my handkerchief; said he, there are three or four of them run towards the Mansion-house; my son saw four men run across the way, by the Poultry-compter; he took hold of the prisoner, and my handkerchief was soon produced to me. My son is obliged to be on business to day. so could not attend.

John Jebb . The prosecutor's son had hold of the prisoner; I being a constable, and just by, was directly charged with him; I took four handkerchiefs from him; and a master-butcher, in my presence, took this handkerchief out of the waistband of his breeches. (Produced and deposed to by prosecutor).

Prisoner's Defence.

I found a parcel of handkerchiefs all together.

Guilty . T .

Michael White, William Sculfer.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-71

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77, 78. (L.) Michael White , and William Sculfer were indicted for stealing a wooden glass-frame, called a show-glass, value 16 s. twenty-seven paper snuff-boxes, value 3 l. nine tooth-pick cases, seven steel watch-chains, twelve metal seals, eight gilt necklaces, two hundred and thirty-two pair of metal buckles, seventy-two metal shirt-buckles, and divers other goods , the property of Samuel Carrall , November 12 . ++

Samuel Carrall . I live in the Cloysters, near Smithfield . I lost my show-glass from my door, with a large quantity of goods in it (the goods mentioned in the indictment, and many others), on the 12th of November, pretty near 5 o'clock in the evening. About 9 o'clock, I was told that a person at the Cock and Crown, in Little Britain, could give me some account of it: I went there, and he took me to Shoemaker-row, where I saw it, with many of my things in it; it was at the house of Mr. Stephens. (A large show-glass, about five feet long, with goods in it, produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor).

Moses Spencer . I live in Shoemaker-row. I apprehended the two prisoners with this show-glass, and things in it; they had got it, one at one end, and the other at the other, on their shoulders, in Vine-court, Shoemaker-row: Mr. Stevens came, and the show-glass and things were deposited in his house: the prisoners were committed, and the prosecutor came and owned the things.

Mr. Stevens confirmed the testimony given by the last witness.

The prisoners in their defence said, they were desired by a few woman, who had got the glass-case in Fore street, to help to carry it.

Both Guilty . T .

William Mullins.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-72
VerdictNot Guilty

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79. (L.) William Mullins was indicted for stealing a quarter of a guinea, and 12 d. in money, numbered, the property of Joseph Stevens , privately from his person , November 7 . +

Acquitted .

Bethia King.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-73
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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80. (L.) Bethia King , widow , was indicted for stealing two blankets, one rug, and one bolster, the property of Charles Ward , in her ready furnished lodgings , Nov. 7 . +

Guilty . B .

John Turpin.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-74
VerdictNot Guilty

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81. (M.) John Turpin , otherwise Thompson , was indicted for stealing a pair of worsted stockings, value 3 s. the property of John Gray , October 26 . +

The prosecutor keeps a hosier's shop , in West-street-corner . The prisoner went in, pretending to buy a pair of black stockings; he looked at several pair, but bought none. When he went out, Robert Quarn , a lad, went in, and told the woman the prisoner had cheated his master, a cheese-monger, out of some butter, and he had followed him, and desired her to see if she had-lost nothing: she immediately, missed a pair of black stockings: the lad followed the prisoner, and saw him bite a piece of paper from something he held in his hand: the lad picked it up, and it appeared to be a private mark, the selling price of the stockings: the lad got him apprehended, as he was going into a pawnbroker's to pledge the stockings; (the mark and stockings produced). The prosecutor's wife would not favour to the stockings, the mark being off; but was certain to the hand-writing of the mark.

Acquitted .

Catharine Casey.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-75
VerdictNot Guilty

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82. (M.) Catharine, wife of Henry Casey , was indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, a blanket, and pillow-case, the property of George Sanderson , in her ready furnished lodgings , December 7 . +

Acquitted .

Robert Trice.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-76
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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83. (M.) Robert Trice was indicted for stealing a pewter chamber-pot, and a brass candlestick, the property of Arthur Percivell , in his ready furnished lodgings , September 30. +

The prosecutor did not appear.

Acquitted .

Frederick Doe.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-77

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84. (M.) Frederick Doe was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 3 s. the property of Thomas Hanks , December 14 . +

Thomas Hanks . I keep the Angel in St. Giles's . The prisoner came to my house, and had a pennyworth of purl: when he was gone, I missed a great coat; I pursued him, and catched him in Monmouth-street, with the coat upon him.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Roberts.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-78

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85. (M.) Elizabeth, wife of Hopkin Roberts , was indicted for stealing a linen gown, value 3 s. two linen shifts, and two linen aprons , the property of James Lane , November 23 . +

The prosecutor keeps a chandler's shop in Shadwell: the things mentioned in the indictment were missing: the prisoner was suspected, and when taken up, she had one of the aprons and gown on; she confessed where she had pledged the other things, and they were found accordingly.

Guilty . T .

Anne Page.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-79
VerdictNot Guilty

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86. (L.) Anne Page was indicted for stealing two dead fowls, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of James Ryan , July 6 . ++

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Crogsell, John Crogsell.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-80
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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87, 88. John Crogsell , and Elizabeth, his wife , were indicted for stealing a silver spoon, value 12 s. the property of John Lowrey , November 23 . ++

John Lowrey . I keep a public-house , in the Borough. I lost a silver spoon, on the 23d of November: it was stopped, and advertised on the Tuesday following. I sent after it, and the pawnbroker came to me: I suspecting the prisoners, he declared they brought it to him: they both then confessed that they carried the spoon to the pawnbroker's the man said he found it in Red-lion-street; then he said he found it in Three Crown-court; and, after that, on the back of Three Crown-court.

George Martin , the pawnbroker, deposed, the woman brought the spoon to pledge to him; he did not chuse to take it in, without somebody to prove it was her property. She went, and fetched her husband; he went for somebody to his character, but did not return; so he advertised it, by which means the prosecutor got it again.

John, Guilty . T .

Elizabeth, Acquitted .

John Simpson, John Mallet.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-81

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89, 90. (L.) John Simpson and John Mallet were indicted for stealing a hat, value 3 s. the property of George Tone , October 29 . ++

George Tone . I am a butcher , and keep a shop in the Fleet-market : I was not at the shop when the hat was taken away.

Thomas Mickle . I am servant to the prosecutor: the two prisoners came into the shop as I was shutting it up, on the 28th of October, about twelve at night; Mallet took up a loin of mutton, and said, Weigh this: I put it in the scale: in the mean time Simpson took a hat from off-the hook, and went round me, and as he was going out at the door, I stopped him with it in his hand: Mallet got out at the door, and took it out of Simpson's hand, and away he ran, and I after him: a watchman stopped him, and another pursued Simpson, and took him: the hat was found by a watchman, flung behind the shop.

Prosecutor. I was sent for, and when Mallet was taken, he behaved very impudently, and threatened to destroy me if ever he got his liberty.

The prisoners, in their defence, said they went in to buy some meat, but denied the fact laid to their charge.

Both Guilty . T .

Catherine .
12th December 1764
Reference Numbert17641212-82
VerdictNot Guilty

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91. (L.) Catherine, otherwise Mary O'Neal , was indicted for stealing two pieces of muslin, value 8 l. the property of William Chaloner , November 9 . ++

William Chaloner . I live in the Cloysters, near West-Smithfield : the prisoner came into my shop on Lord Mayor's day, and asked to see some paterns of chintz, saying, she wanted a large quantity, and should not stand for price: immediately she went to the other side of the shop, where my servant was shewing some muslin; she asked him if he had any strip'd muslin? she was shewed some: she said she did not like them: I went to shew her some more, and she was gone out of the shop immediately, without saying any thing: I then missed two pieces of muslin in less than three minutes after, that lay before her on the compter, when she was in the shop: I can't say she took it, not seeing her; but, was I to swear she did, I believe I should not be forsworn. I never saw the muslin afterwards. There was a woman in the shop at the time, to whom we were shewing the muslin, and another woman sitting at the farther end of the shop.

Richard Johnson , his servant, confirmed the account be gave.

The prisoner, in her defence, owned she was in the shop that day: that seeing her son with other children near the door, she wen t out to get him home, as it was a hurrying day.

She called John Voyer , a musician, and Elizabeth Bliss , a shoemaker's wife, to her character.

Acquitted .

See her an evidence against her companion, for stealing a diamond ring, No. 304. in last mayoralty.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Joseph Derbin, John Jourdan, George Williams, William Hill, Thomas Hands, Thomas Foster, David Spence, John Carlow.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbero17641212-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Joseph Derbin , John Jourdan , George Williams , William Hill , Thomas Hands , and Thomas Foster , capitally convicted in September Sessions, were executed on Wednesday, the 10th of Octob.

David Spence and John Carlow , capitally convicted in October Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 14th of November.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Joseph Derbin, John Jourdan, George Williams, William Hill, Thomas Hands, Thomas Foster, David Spence, John Carlow.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbers17641212-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give Judgment, as follows:

Received Sentence of Death Nine.

William Dun , John Moreton , Thomas Stone , John Watkins , George Mitchell, Elizabeth Stanfield , William Whitton , John Wiskett, and Francis-Stuner.

Transported for Fourteen Years, One.

James Cooper .

Transported for Seven Years, Thirty-seven.

George Farrer , William Nunn , William Morgan , James Maccall , Solomon Isaac , Peter Ritchie , Matthias Maguire, James Calley , Jacob Stainer, Benjamin Smith, John Barnes, Michael White , William Sculfer , John Simpson , John Mallet , John Crogsell , Mary Rogan , Patrick Nicholson , William Davenport , Thomas Rochford, William Stallard , John Heaton , Thomas Hilliard , James Turner , Ann Johnson , John Marlock , Francis Topburst , Samuel Barlow, Elizabeth Dyer , Mary Ward, John Mist , Solomon Goodwin, Elizabeth Berry , James Bourn , Stephen Deveaux , Frederick Poe , and Elizabeth Roberts .

Branded, Five.

Joseph Adams , Francis Grayhurst, Mary Fulham , Bethia King, and Ann Powell , otherwise Flint.

The last to be imprisoned in Newgate for one Month.

Whipped, One.

Elizabeth Allen .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Joseph Derbin, John Jourdan, George Williams, William Hill, Thomas Hands, Thomas Foster, David Spence, John Carlow.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbers17641212-1
SentenceDeath > executed

Related Material

Joseph Derbin , John Jourdan , George Williams , William Hill , Thomas Hands , and Thomas Foster , capitally convicted in September Sessions, were executed on Wednesday, the 10th of Octob.

David Spence and John Carlow , capitally convicted in October Sessions, were executed on Wednesday the 14th of November.

Francis Stoner was executed on Monday the 17th of December.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
12th December 1764
Reference Numbera17641212-1

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In a few Days will be Published, Price SIX-PENCE,

AN authentic Narrative of the Methods by which the Robbery committed in the House of the Right Hon. the Earl of Harrington, in the Stable-Yard, St. James's, was discovered: with some Original Letters, sent to Sir John Fielding on the Occasion. Printed in a proper Size to bind up with the Sessions-Books.


These Proceedings taken in Short-Hand by T. GURNEY, on the Narrow-Wall, Lambeth, Author of Brachygraphy; or, Short-Hand made Easy, &c.

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