Old Bailey Proceedings.
12th September 1764
Reference Number: 17640912

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
12th September 1764
Reference Numberf17640912-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 12th, Thursday the 13th, Friday the 14th, and Saturday the 15th, of SEPTEMBER.

In the Fourth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Seventh SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable William Bridgen , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the City of LONDON.

NUMBER VII. PART I. for the YEAR 1764.


Sold by W. NICOLL, in St. Paul's Church-yard.

[Price SIX-PENCE.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable WILLIAM BRIDGEN , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir Henry Gould , Knt. * one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas; James Eyre , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, and ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M. Middlesex.

London Jury.

George Townsend ,

Thomas Clarke ,

John Langdon ,

John Brigs ,

Richard Hurles ,

John Jenkins ,

John Lane ,

Thomas Sabe ,

James Knight ,

John Merchant ,

William Shepherd ,

John Fisher .

Middlesex Jury.

John Spencer ,

William Dickens ,

Henry Russell ,

Benjamin Coates ,

John Jackson ,

Thomas Smith ,

John Barnard ,

John Vardy ,

William Young ,

James Watkins ,

John Edridge ,

George Aires .

Philip Hockerday.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-1

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476. (L.) Philip Hockerday was indicted for stealing 5 lb. weight of sugar, value 12 d. the property of persons unknown, August 16 . ++

John Burch . I am a gang's-man on Fresh-wharf-key . On the 16th of August, I went down on the key, and observed several people about the hogs-heads; on seeing me, they went away, and the prisoner staid after them. I went and found a hoop stuck in a hole of a hogshead, where he had been puddling. I observed his pocket heavy, and took him to an alehouse and searched him, and found five pounds and a half of sugar in his pocket; he said, other people had taken more than he had.

Prisoner's Defence.

A man desired me to help him up with a parcel: I saw this sugar lying on the ground; he bid me take it up, which I did, rather than it should be lost.

Guilty . T .

William Crane.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-2

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477. (L) William Crane was indicted for stealing 1 lb. weight of tobacco, value 8 d. the property of persons unknown, July 29 ++

John Burch . On the 29th of July, I observed the prisoner, with others, and especially one Germain. who had an adze in his hand, pretending to be a cooper, but he was no cooper, I think the prisoner had an adze also, and they were busy about the tobacco hogshead on the key. I saw the prisoner pull out tobacco, and put it into his pocket; I went and charged him with it; he was very abusive, and shov'd me about, and swore he would take tobacco, pretending to have a right so to do. I, with a great deal of difficulty, searched him, and found a pound of tobacco upon him; he, with the others, threw some away, and his companion Germain threatened me, if I took the prisoner in custody. I know no business they had on the key, except that of pilfering, which I had before observed several times.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was there, heading up a hogshead: I asked the man for a chew of tobacco, and he gave me that tobacco, and when Mr. Burch had me in custody, that man came and told him he gave me that tobacco.

Burch. That is not true.

Guilty . T .

Henry Bellis.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-3

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478. (M.) Henry Bellis was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of Thomas Brigstock , and one linnen handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Brigstock the younger, August 3 . *

Thomas Brigstock (the younger.) I missed a linen handkerchief: I was told the prisoner (who was servant to the barber that used to come to shave me) was suspected; I went to his master's shop, on the 3d of August, and found my handkerchief in his pocket. (Produced and deposed to.) I was told by the servants, my father's watch was missing from out of the kitchen: he was taken before Sir John Fielding, and charged with taking that, but he denied it. after that, the watch was brought to me by his master. (Produced and deposed to.)

Richard Winman . I am servant to the prisoner's master; I found this watch here produced, in my master's cellar, and delivered it to my mistress.

John Brown. I am clerk to Mr. Brigstock; I heard the prisoner own before Sir John Fielding, that he did steal this watch.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did steal the handkerchief.

Guilty . T .

Edward Blake.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-4

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479. (M.) Edward Blake was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. the property of Richard Howard , July 29 . *

Richard Howard . I live at New Brentford . On the 29th of July, the prisoner came to my shop, and said, he wanted to buy a watch (I am a watch-maker ): I shewed him several, but none would suit; I went to the stair foot, to call to my wife to bring down another, and left five or six before him; after that, we agreed for one, and he offered me a shilling earnest: I said, I expected the money, if he had the watch. I suspected he had no good design; I looked about, and missed a watch, and charged him with taking it, which he absolutely denied, and turned out a tobacco-box from his pocket, and said, you see I have not got it: but when he saw I was for taking him by the collar. then he took my watch out of his pocket, and said, here is your watch; then he was for getting away, but I turned the key upon him, and got assistance, and secured him.

William Shotter . I saw some people about the prosecutor's door; I went to see what was the matter, and he called me in, and gave me charge of the prisoner: in going along to the justice, he offered to spend a shilling, to make it up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was fuddled, and do not know what I did.

Prosecutor. He might be in liquor for what I know, I never saw him before; he lives at Old Brentford. I have been and enquired his character, and find his neighbours give him a good one. I should be glad to recommend him to favour.

Guilty . T .

Owen Robinson, Mary Harmer.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-5
VerdictNot Guilty

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480, 481. (M.) Owen Robinson , and Mary Harmer , spinster , were indicted, for that they,

in a certain field and open place, near the King's highway, on George Spender did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person one hat, value 2 s. one periwig, value 5 s. one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 20 s. one guinea, one half guinea, and ten shillings in money, numbered, his property , July 17 . *

George Spender . I am a master of a ship , and live at Ratcliff. On the 17th of July, about eleven o'clock, I was coming from the Green Dragon at Stepney; near the Rope walk , a man came from under a boarded fence, and struck me cross the eyes with a bludgeon, which set me on the stagger. I attempted to lay hold of him, but before I could, he, from behind me, struck me on the right side of my face; after that, I received another blow on the back part of my head: then I got hold of him, and we struggled for some time: at last, I threw him down under me; I fell heavy; (Note, the prosecutor was a lusty fat man): we tumbled on the ground some time, and he being nimbler than I, he got upon me, and three times demanded my money: then I turned him, and got on him, and had him by the collar with my left hand, and was beating him with my fist; then he said three several times, he would cut my throat; I said, he could not: then I felt a blow, as if by a person behind me, on the right side my face, and I felt a hand at my left pocket. I turned my head about, to see who it was, and in the heat of my passion, I did not know before then that I was blind: I had received two or three blows on my upper lip, and the blood gushed out at my mouth and nose: then I was turned partly on my right side, and my money was taken from my pocket, which was 2 l. 1 s. 8 d. I felt it taken out from my left pocket, and some from my waistcoat pocket.

Q. What sort of money was it?

Spender. There was a guinea, one half guinea, and I cannot tell whether a 6 s. 9 d. or a quarter of a moidore and some silver; I had changed a guinea just before. I felt my buckles taken out of my shoes, which cost me a guinea about a month before; my papers were taken out of my pocket, but were brought to me the next morning, by a rope-maker, who found them, and by my name on them, found me out. I lost my hat and wig in the robbery; I was confined within for three weeks, by the bruises I received, and my teeth were loose in my head. I sent a message to Sir John Fielding , of the usage I received, and he sent word he would send two or three men to see for them. On the second Monday after I was robbed, Joseph Smith came and told me, my hat and wig had been in the neighbourhood; he can give a farther account of it. Here is a hat (taking one in his hand); my name is burnt-in, in the inside of the lining, by the maker, which I did not know of, till the lining was cut open, but I cannot pretend to sware to it. Here is a wig, (Produced in court); I cannot pretend to swear to it; the person that made it, has swore it to be my property, but he is not here. The prisoners were taken on the 30th of July, and carried before Justice Berry: I was there; the woman said she found the hat in the path-way; but I should have mentioned before, as soon as I got home that night, I sent two people to look for the hat and wig; they returned, but could not find them. I have no knowledge of the prisoners, neither do I remember seeing them, before I saw them at the justice's: the woman owned she took a gold loop and button from off the hat; here is the cover to the button, which she owns to be the same; (Producing it.) The man said, he came from Bow with the woman, and they parted in a lane, that goes down to Bow-common; if so, she had two very bad fields to come over, and the church-yard, where are frequent robberies committed.

Joseph Smith . I have lodged in the woman's father's house two or three years, in a place called Glass-house-fields, near Stepney-fields; she came home very much frightened on that Tuesday night, and screamed out. This was about half an hour after eleven o'clock; she brought in this hat; I let her in.

Q. Does she live at her father's house?

Smith. Sometimes she does, and sometimes not; sometimes at one place, and sometimes at another, just where she pleased: her father used to leave the door open for her to come in by night or day: when she came up into my room, she put on this hat and wig, and asked me, Whether she did not look like a captain? I said, she looked like a captain of a collier. Her mother and she fell out about the hat and wig, and she went to Bow. She said Robinson and she parted at the Green Dragon, which is within 300 yards of the place where the robbery was committed. Robinson keeps her company.

Thomas Galton . I was drinking at the Nag's-head, in Glass-house-yard, and the landlady of the house told me a woman had a hat and wig that were lost, and that Smith could inform me about it. I sent for him, and he told me the same as now. Then I took him to Captain Spender ; after that, we went to Bow, and found the girl at the bar: I took her by herself, and asked her where the hat and wig was? she owned the heard Capt.

Spender had been robbed. I asked her where Robinson was? she said, he was up stairs, in her room: I went, and there he lay, and this hat by him: he said, he parted with the girl the night the robbery was committed, near the sign of Why not beat Dragon. They both denied the robbery.

Both Acquitted .

Mary Dixon.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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482. (M.) Mary Dixon , spinster , was indicted for stealing half a guinea , the property of Paul Taylor , August 3 . ++

Paul Taylor . I was coming along New-gravel-lane, and met with the prisoner; she carried me to the house of Mrs. Lomax, in Blue-coat-fields ; this was on the 3d of August, about ten at night: we went to bed together; I changed half a guinea in the house, and gave her half a crown, as we were sitting in the bed. The next morning, I got up, and left her in bed; I went out, and when in the street, wanted to take a chew of tobacco out of my pouch, and I missed half a guinea; I keep my money in that. I went back, and met her coming with another woman; they were going to get a glass of gin: I asked her if she would give me one? she said she would, and we went in at the Black Horse: then I told her I missed half a guinea; we went back to the house where we lay, and searched the bed, but could not find it; I said, she must have it: we came down stairs; the mistress of the house got up, and I fetched a constable to see if I could make her confess, but she would not. She said, she had no more money about her than half a crown: she was searched before the justice, and half a guinea was found upon her.

William Garaway . I was the officer that had the prisoner in charge: she strongly denied having the half guinea, both there, at the watch-house, and before the justice: she wished her eyes might roll about the floor like two marbles, if she had it. When I came to search her, I found 1 s 5 d. farthing, and half a guinea in her pocket.

Prisoner's Defence.

That half guinea was given me before I was in trouble, by a man who sailed away the morning before I was taken up.

Acquitted .

Susannah Baker.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-7

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483. (M.) Susannah Baker , spinster , was indicted for stealing 2 s. 6 d. in money, numbered , the money of Edward Barnard , September 5 . *

Edward Barnard . I keep the Sun-alehouse, in Devereux-court . The prisoner was my servant for about ten weeks: I often missed money for a month or six weeks last past. On the 31st of last month, I missed a good deal of silver out of my till; and I missed some also on the 4th of this inst. then on that day, I put three shillings, marked with a cross and a B. and one sixpence marked F. B. into the till, with other money, that amounted to 5 s. 6 d. In the morning, on the 5th, when I got up, the money was all there, and in about two hours after, 3 s. 6 d. of it was gone: I having a strong suspicion of the prisoner, by her buying herself new things, I got a constable, and searched her: there was the marked six-pence found upon her, and she had just paid a lodger in the house, named William King , two shillings, which were the two shillings I had marked. (Produced in court and deposed to. Inspected by the court and jury.) Then she confessed she took it out of my till.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did take the money out, and I beg pardon of my master.

Guilty . T .

Barney Carrol.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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484. (M.) Barney Carrol was indicted for stealing three shillings in money, numbered , the property of John Davis , August 6 . ++

John Davis . I live in Middle-row, Holborn . On Monday morning, the 6th of August, I was telling my half-pence out of my till: I told ten shillings: I put five of them up in a brown paper, and the other lay loose. I was called to carry a pennyworth of two-penny over the way, and left my girl in the tap-room: I returned in about four or five minutes, and missed three shillings in halfpence, out of the loose parcel: the girl told me, a man and a boy had been in, and if any money was taken, it must be while she went down for their beer. A neighbour told me he saw them go out of the house; I pursued and overtook the prisoner in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, and brought him back: he was taken before Justice Welch, and 2 s. and three-halfpence were found upon him. The boy ran away, as soon as he saw me coming.

Susannah Rositer , the servant girl, of near fourteen years of age, deposed, the prisoner and a boy came and had two pints of beer; that they stood near the money when she went down for the beer, but she did not see them take any.

Acquitted .

Robert Pool.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-9

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485. (M.) Robert Pool was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 5 l. and a gold chain, value 5 l. the property of Henry Ferguson , April 6 . *

Henry Ferguson . I am a sheriff's officer . The prisoner was a prisoner in my house, in Stanhope-street, Clare market , in April last, at which time I, lost a gold watch, and gold chain from out of my parlour: the prisoner had been at my house about three weeks, at the suit of one Mr. Hill. I advertised a reward for the watch: some time after, I was sent for to Mr. Wytick's, a watch-maker, at Charing cross, where was the prisoner and the watch; I found he had carried it to pawn, and was stopped with it. I asked him how he came by it, and he said, he took it out of necessity.

Q. from Prisoner. Whether he did not agree to take 25 guineas to make it up, and go after my brother for that purpose?

Ferguson. I did by his desire go and tell his brother that he was in trouble, but I did not agree about any such thing: he offered me no money, neither had he any to give; his brother begged I would not prosecute him to the uttermost; I said, I did not want to hang him.

Q. from Prisoner. Whether the prosecutor has not received a sum of money from my wife's grandfather to carry on this prosecution.

Ferguson. No, I have not. I know none of his relations but his brother.

Q. from Prisoner. Whether at this time he has not some expectations from my wife's relations for carrying on this prosecution?

Ferguson. No, I have not.

George Curtoes . I am a pawnbroker in Hounsditch: the prisoner at the bar brought this gold watch to me to pawn, on the 25th of July; (Producing it. Deposed to by Prosecutor.) it was in a shagreen case, and he asked ten guineas upon it. I asked him if it was his own? he said, it was. I looked into a book that I keep for advertised watches lost; there I saw it advertised, and the reward to be paid by Mr. Wytick, a watchmaker, at Charing cross. I asked the prisoner who he bought the watch of? he said, he bought it of a Jew, for twelve guineas. I said, that watch is lost, and I shall stop you and the watch too: then I took him to Mr. Wytick's, and Mr. Ferguson was sent for, who owned the watch, and Mr. Wytick said he made it for Mr. Ferguson.

Elizabeth Ferguson . This is my watch which I used to wear; I am wife to the prosecutor: when it was missing, the prisoner told me nobody could have it, but another prisoner that was at our house, or his wife: he was very officious, and drew up the advertisement and the bill to go to Goldsmith's hall; the chain cost nine guineas, and he has owned he sold that in the street to a Jew, for about 38 s. I asked him, where he hid the watch, while he was at our house? he said, he had it in a pocket in his breeches.

Prisoner's Defence.

The prosecutor knows very well, that this prosecution is at the sole expence of my wife's grandfather. It is some time since I married a young lady, against the inclination of her parents: soon after I was married, they took every method to get me separated from her: I was soon arrested, and put into custody: after they could not prevail upon her to leave me, they pretended friendship, I thought, with intention to be reconciled. They got her home, and then sent for part of her goods; she told me, it was their intention to part us; they have offered to send her to France; I well know the influence of her relations: I told my friends of it, and they advised me to decline and leave it: my being carried to the prosecutor's house, was owing to the cruelty of my wife's relations. She had learned music, and there was a harpsichord brought: after that, a bill was brought to me, by order of her friends, to pay for all, for which I was arrested.

Q. to Prosecutor. When did the prisoner get released out of custody?

Prosecutor. He went to the King's Bench, I believe, about a week or ten days after the watch was lost: he soon got released out of the King's Bench.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Prosecutor. He has been a lieutenant in the sea-service .

Prisoner. I am a Buckinghamshire man .

Guilty . T .

William Slifford.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-10
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty

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486. (M.) William Slifford was indicted, for that he, in a certain field, or open place, near the King's highway, on Brian Newman did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person one hat, value 2 s. one silver watch, value 20 s. and one shilling in money, his property , May 21 . ++

Brian Newman . On the 21st of May, about half an hour after nine at night, I and Mr. Dale were coming from Stepney : we said, as soon as we got over the fields, we would have a draught of beer; we said one to another, we would not

be robbed: we had hardly said the words, when three fellows came up; one said, D - n your eyes, you said you would not be robbed, and flashed a pistol at us, but it did not go off; after that they took a shilling, if not more, out of my pocket. They bid me go up the bank, or they would blow my brains out. I endeavoured to get up the bank to go over, and fell down once or twice into the ditch; then one of them, a little fellow came to me, and said he had a good mind to blow my brains out, and snatched my watch out of my fob. he went a little way from me, and came back again, and snatched my hat away: then they all went off.

Q. What became of your companion?

Newman. He ran away.

Q. What led you to suppose the prisoner is one of them?

Newman. I do not suppose he is one of them; I was so much frighted I did not take much notice of them: one was in a blue great coat; it hung over his shoulders; his arms were not in it; and the little fellow had a hair cap on.

William Daies . I was with Mr. Newman that night; we were walking by the side of each other over Stepney fields; a little fellow hail'd me, and said, yo ho; I said, yo ho; Mr. Newman said, You will not be robbed: I said, no. I had no sooner said it, than a little fellow came and ran his hand by my face, and flash'd a pistol in the pan. I was so frighted, I put my hand in my pocket and gave him about 11 or 12 s. he retreated from me, and then came back again, and swore, d - n your eyes, I have not half done with you yet: he rifted all my pockets; I thought I should receive some hurt: when he came to put his thumb and finger into my breeches to feel for my watch. I turn'd round and ran away, and he after me, threatening to blow my brains out if I did not stop; but I happened to have the heels of him, and I ran home. There were two men standing by Mr. Newman at the time he was rifling of me: one of them had a blue coat over his shoulders; he seemed to be a tall man, and the other much about the same size; but I can't tell how he was dress'd.

James Wallis . I am a pawnbroker; on the 23d of May, in the forenoon, a man came in with a silver watch, and offered to pledge it; I asked him how he came by it; he said it was his own, and that he bought it; I asked him the name and number, and who he bought it of? he could not tell me: I said I should detain it; he said he could fetch a Person that could ascertain it to be his; he went out, and brought in a man, who said it was his watch, and that he had sent him with it to pledge, I asked them where they lived? they said in Whitechapel, opposite the Green Cannister; they said they could bring their landlady to prove it was their watch; they went out pretending to bring her; I sent my boy after them; he not returning, I went out as far as the London Hospital; coming back I met my boy by Whitechapel church; after that I saw them going towards Blue-coat-fields; I made all the haste I could after them: I had sent my boy to go another way; I met my boy again by Sun Tavern Fields; we went into the highway, expecting to meet them, but never saw them after: then I advertised the watch, and the prosecutor came and owned it. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Q. How were the men dressed?

Wallis. One of them had a blue surtout coat on, a pretty long one; the other looked like a seafaring man, with a piece of black silk round his neck. I cannot say that either of them was the prisoner or evidence.

Thomas Galton . When the Prisoner and evidence were in custody, the prisoner told me that William Bond and John Bottom were the first that drew him into this affair, and that it was the first time he ever was out, and that he had but seven-pence halfpenny of the money: we had had information of him two months before.

Q. When was he taken up?

Galton. About a week ago, upon Bottom's information.

Robert Nailer . John Bottom lodged a great while with me: the prisoner and he were coming together along Petticoat Lane, they asked me to go and drink: this was on the 23d of May, about eight in the morning: we went and drank facing Mr. Wallis's; he had a watch in his pocket; Bottom said the prisoner bought it for 30 s. Bottom went out to pawn it, and said he would be back in half an hour; he came in again in about ten minutes, and whispered with the prisoner; then they both went out together. I never had seen the prisoner before that time in my life.

John Bottom . The prisoner and William Bond lay at the house where I did. I happened to get a little in liquor one night; he persuaded me to go this way a robbing with him: we went out, and met two men in Stepney fields: Bond went up to them and bid them stand; we flashed a pistol at them, it missed fire; the prisoner went to one gentleman, and took all he had in his pocket, and after that his hat; I had about seven-pence half penny of the money. The day after, the prisoner wanted me to go with him again; he said, Come along; I have

got a watch; I did not know that he had a watch before; he did not tell me when he got it, or where; but going along, he said he would pawn it; we went in and had two pots of beer; then I went to pawn it. Robert Nailer was with us when we drank the beer: I came back and said it was stopt. Then the prisoner went and said it was his watch.

Q. Where did you go to pawn it?

Bottom. It was somewhere in Petticoat Lane; I asked a guinea and a half upon it; the pawnbroker asked me how I came by it? I said, I could not tell.

Q. Who fired the pistol?

Bottom. William Bond did; I was quite in liquor, I never did such a thing before.

Q. When did you discover this?

Bottom. I discovered it last Wednesday, after I was taken up.

Q. to Wallis. Can you recollect seeing this evidence?

Wallis. No, I cannot; I am more inclined to believe the prisoner was one of the men that came with the watch, but I cannot be clear in that.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of the affair; I am very innocent of it.

Q. to Bottom. How was the prisoner dressed when he went to Wallis's?

Bottom. He had a black stock on; I had the same clothes on I have now.

Acquitted .

There was another indictment against him for robbing William Dale ; but as no farther evidence could be given, he was acquitted on that.

John Hart.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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487. (M.) John Hart was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of Frederick Miller , August 1 . *

Frederick Miller . On the 1st of August I was reading an advertisement at the register-office window at the corner of St. Dunstan's church : I found my pocket moving; I felt and miss'd my handkerchief (a linen one) out of my pocket. I saw no body near me but the prisoner; he was about three or four yards distance. I directly charged him with taking it; he denied it at first, but finding me resolute, he pulled the handkerchief out of his breeches and gave it to me. (Produced and deposed to.) I charged Mr. Charlton a constable with him, and he was committed.

Prisoner's Defence.

I sell stockings . I was going to St. Dunstan's church; I saw a pocket handkerchief lying on the ground. I took and put it in my waistcoat pocket; when the gentleman said he had lost his handkerchief, I said, if it is your handkerchief, here it is.

Guilty, 10 d . T .

Robert Andrews.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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488. (L.) Robert Andrews was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 4 d. the property of Joseph Mills , August 8 . *

Joseph Mills . On the 8th of August I was coming up Fish-Street Hill , between eight and nine at night; I felt something pull at my right hand pocket; I turned about and catched the prisoner, with my handkerchief in his hand, which he said he took up from the ground, and was going to give it me. I was not clear in that, and so I stopt him; some gentlemen came up that knew me, and insisted upon my holding him last.

Prisoner. I asked him if it was his handkerchief.

Mills. He did, but that was after I turned round, and had seen it in his hand.

Prisoner's Defence.

My father and mother live in Kent-street on the other side of the water; my mother was gone to get some Samphire, and my father was at harvest work in the country; I was going to see if my mother was gone in a Gravesend boat; coming back, I saw a lad going after the gentleman; he took the handkerchief and throwed it down; I took it up, and said t o the gentleman, Sir, a lad took the handkerchief from your pocket, and he is gone down at that corner.

Q. to prosecutor. Did you see another lad?

Prosecutor. The boy told me so; he said there was a boy ran round the corner, but I did not see any boy.

Acquitted .

Joseph Derbin.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-13

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489. (L.) Joseph Derbin was indicted for returning from transportation before the expiration of his time , June 19 . *

The, record of his conviction was read, wherein it appeared, that he was tried on the eighth of December 1762, at the Old Bailey, for stealing a large quantity of wearing apparel and other things, the property of William Lewis , in Bell-Court, near Abchurch Lane; found guilty, and received sentence of transportation for seven years.

Q. Where is the prosecutor?

William Godfrey . He is not here.

Q. Then who proves the prisoner to be the identical person mentioned in this Record?

Godfrey. Mr. Gurney, the Short Hand writer, must remember the prisoner being tried here.

Thomas Gurney . My Lord, I am very sorry the prosecutor is not here; I had no knowledge of my being called upon till Mr. Godfrey mentioned my name. Considering the place I am in here, I should be glad was I never to be call'd upon to give evidence on such an affair as this.

Q. Do you remember the prisoner being tried here before?

Gurney. I am not prepared with my book; but I well remember he was tried in this place in December sessions 1762. It was for stealing some goods in a dwelling house in or near Abchurch Lane; the prosecutor's name I cannot recollect. I remember it was on a Sabbath day, about the time people were at church. There was an evidence mentioned seeing the prisoner loitering about the place about that time. He was found guilty, and received sentence to be transported for seven years.

Q. Can you recollect him again, from once seeing him?

Gurney. I have seen him more than once.

Prisoner. I never had any acquaintance with Mr. Gurney.

Gurney. That is true, I never was acquainted with him, but I have seen him four times before now.

Q. Where?

Gurney. I saw him tried in this court three several times, and once I stood over him while he was searched for stealing a watch from a near neighbour of mine, near Christ-church, Surry, which was found upon him, and for which he was tried at Croydon; upon which account he severely threatened to do for me where-ever he met with me; which, if he had not, I should have petitioned the court to have been excused giving evidence on his trial. I once met him after that on Snow Hill, and made no doubt by his eye that he knew me. I was very sorry when I heard he was returned from transportation.

Godfrey. I am one of my Lord Mayor's houshold; my business here is to keep the bench, to see that nobody incommodes the worthy Aldermen. I went out of the Mansion house on the 19th of June. I happened to turn my head, and saw the prisoner; he turned and ran down Walbrook; I pursued him; I saw he had a bag full of things: I said, Derbin, had I seen you without any thing about you. I should have taken no notice of you; but I fear you are got to your old trade again, and I think it my duty to stop you; I brought him and his bag to the Mansion-house, and delivered the bag to the care of Mr. White the Marshal's man, and he searched it. There was a watch and some clothes in it. I remember seeing him tried here when he was cast for transportation.

William White . Mr. Godfrey charged me with the prisoner. I searched him in the Mansion-house; there was in his bag a mettle watch with a tortoise shell case, two gold lac'd hats, and a plain one; two coats, a pair of breeches, and a jacket. Twelve pick-lock keys, a pair of pumps, and a gimblet, were in his coat pocket; the two lac'd hats, two coats, and watch, are own'd, and bills found here in order to prosecute him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am the man that was cast for transportation: the question is, Whether or no I lose my freedom of being a free subject of either this kingdom, or any of his Majesty's plantations. In purchasing my freedom, I think I have a right to be here; my friends paid my passage; here is the copy of the paper they granted me. He delivers it in, it is read to this purport.

"On Board the Neptune, Captain Somervell ,

"June 17th, 1763. Joseph Derbin is a freeman.

"Any Magistrate may grant him a

"pass by destroying this. Witness my hand,

" David Ross ."

Dr. David Ross is the person the people are consigned to; he lives at a place called Bladensburg in Maryland: and Colonel William Harrison granted me a pass; he is a Justice of the peace for Charles county.

Court. You can't be so weak as to imagine they have power to reverse the sentence you received here.

Guilty . Death .

See him tried No. 93. in Sir Matthew Blackision's mayoralty, and No. 159. in Sir Samuel Fludyer 's. He was convicted and branded at Croydon, August 3, 1761. and tried by four prosecutors on four several indictments in Mr. Alderman Beckford's mayoralty; for which see No. 5. &c. in that mayoralty.

John Geary.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-14

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490. (L.) John Geary was indicted for stealing 6 lb. weight of tobacco, value 2 s. the property of Persons unknown, August 20 . *

John Jebb . The prisoner is what we call a Scupple Hunter , that haunts the keys. I have known him a good while; I did not see him taken, but I found some hogsheads of tobacco cut open on Galley-key.

Nathaniel Bradshaw . I had charge of a lighter of 62 hogsheads of tobacco; going with my lanthorn, I saw the prisoner betwixt the casks; we searched him, and found this tobacco, (producing some) which was placed all round his body under his waistcoat, and there was some gone out of the hogsheads.

Samuel Brooks , the constable, confirmed the testimony of the last witness.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to sleep between the hogsheads, and this man waked me; I went away; they called, stop thief; I did not know I had any tobacco about me.

Guilty . T .

Edward Cook, William Miller, Edward Carey, Elizabeth Willson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-15
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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491, 492, 493, 494. (L.) Edward Cook and William Miller were indicted, for that they, on the King's highway, did make an assault on Nathan Wood , putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person one hat lac'd with gold, value 40 s. his property ; and Edward Carey and Elizabeth Willson , spinster , for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , August 4 . ++

Nathan Wood . On the 4th of August, between 12 and 1 in the night, Mr. Short, Mr. Shipman, and I, were coming up Lombard-street : I stop'd in George Yard to make water; three men came up to Mr. Shipman, and insulted him: Thomas Beadle the evidence was one of them, and Cook and Miller the other two. I went up to see what was the matter; Beadle struck me in the face: I struck him again, and he fell; my hat was knocked off in the Scuffle; we took Beadle, and Cook and the other got off: the next day, before my Lord Mayor, my hat was produced.

Hugh Short . As I was coming along with Mr. Wood and Mr. Shipman, Edward Cook insulted me, and knocked me down without speaking a word, and then swore he would have my hat: William Miller and Thomas Beadle were with him; he took my hat from my head, and ran away with it. I ran after him, and cry'd, Stop thief; and one of the watchmen took him, and brought him to the same place where Mr. Wood and Mr. Shipman were; they had Beadle then in custody.

Q. Were they drunk or sober?

Short. There was no appearance of their being drunk.

Q. Did they ask for any money?

Short. No, they did not; Beadle said afterwards, their intentions were to rob some body that night; I being knock'd down, know nothing that was done to Mr. Wood. The first thing was, the prisoners came up and insulted us, and bid us stand out of the path; then Cook knocked me down.

Charles Shipman . Thomas Beadle first came up to me, at the beginning of this, and shov'd against me, to shove me against the wall; I asked him what he meant by that? he began damning me, and shoving me again; Mr. Wood came up; Beadle quitted me, and struck Mr. Wood on the Face; then a scuffle began, and continued till the constable and watch came up, and he was secured. They lost both their hats; I lost nothing.

Mary Spencer . I went to lie at Elizabeth Wilson 's lodgings that night, and William Miller came and knocked at the door about one in the morning; he desired her to open the door; she made him no reply; I got up and opened it, and he came in with this hat under his arm; I asked him how he came by it? he said he found it in Lombard-street. (Producing a gold lac'd hat.)

Prosecutor. This is my property, and what I lost that night.

Spencer. In the morning he desired Elizabeth Wilson would go with him to Edward Carey , to dispose of it; we went with him; he left us at a public house while he went for some body to buy it.

Q. What place did you go to?

Spencer. It was somewhere in the city, but I don't know where: Miller staid in the room while we went; we met with a Jew, who said he had not money enough; and said, he would go and fetch more: he brought in a constable, and took us up.

Solomon Isaacs . On Friday the 3d of August, Carey came and asked if I know a person that would buy a hat, and said it was in a public house, the Three Herrings. I went with him there; there was Spencer and another woman; they had the hat; he asked a guinea for it; I saw it dirty; I thought it not honestly come by, and I got them secured.

Thomas Beadle . Edward Cook , William Miller , and I, came from St. Giles's to Lombard-street, where we saw those three gentlemen: I ran against one of them; he returned round and asked me what that was for? I struck him; he struck me again; two or three blows pass'd, and the hat tumbled off; Miller took it up and ran away with it.

Q. What was you going upon?

Beadle. We went out with intent to rob some body before we came home.

Q. How came you not to demand their money?

Beadle. We intended to get what we could.

Q. How long have you been acquainted with them, and what are they?

Beadle. I have known Miller upwards of three years, he is a brazier; and I have known Cook about a quarter of a year, he is a blacksmith.

Q. What are you?

Beadle. I am a watch-case maker.

Cook's Defence.

We met these gentlemen as we came up Lombard-street; we brushed one of their elbows; Beadle ran against it; the gentleman was making water; he said, What do you mean by that? Mr. Wood came and struck him; what Beadle said, I know not; he beat Beadle on the ground; I went to lift Beadle upon his legs; one of them went to strike at me; they knock'd my hat off, which I lost.

He called Thomas Gould , Francis Doyle , and John Pratt , who had known him from a child, who said he was an honest man.

Miller's Defence.

I was drinking with Cook and Beadle on Saffron-hill; we went to Cook's lodgings in St. Giles's, and from thence we went to see Beadle home to Newington: going up Lombard-street, I stop'd to make water; I heard a noise; I picked up a gold lac'd hat, and went to this woman's lodgings, and knocked at the door; the girl said she could go and sell it the next day to one James Castle ; she went, and was taken up.

Carey's Defence.

The two women came down to me with the hat in the morning, and said they had something to dispose of: I asked what it was? they said, if I would go with them to Duke's Place, they would tell me. I went with them there; then they told me it was a gold lac'd hat: they took me in to have some beer, and wanted me to go and call a Jew; I said I would with all my heart, if it would do them any good. I went and call'd in that man, and told him the woman had something to dispose of: then Poll Spencer pull'd it out of her apron, and delivered it into his hand; he asked what she would have for it? I said, I suppose the hat may be worth a guinea or more; he went out, and said, he would bring in a man that should buy it directly. He went out and brought in all the runners, and took me and the two women; upon which I was hiked to Sir John Fielding .

He called Margaret Read , who said he had spent most of his time at sea; but he had been in her apartment, and she never missed any thing.

Wilson's Defence.

Mary Spencer let in Miller with the hat when I was asleep; she asked me to go to a person with it to sell it: we went to Saffron-hill, and met with Edward Carey accidentally: we asked him to take a walk with us; she never told me what it was about, till we got to Duke's Place: we went into a public house; she asked Carey if he could find any body that would buy a hat? he said he believed he could. He went out and brought in a Jew.

Cook and Miller guilty of stealing the hat. T . Carey and Wilson, Acquitted .

There was an indictment against Cook and Miller for robbing Hugh Short of a hat; but no evidence was given upon that.

Ann Hill.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-16
VerdictNot Guilty

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495. (M.) Ann Hill , spinster , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver tea-tongs, value 4 s. and one silver tea-spoon, value 6 d. the property of Thomas Sanney , August 25 . ++

The prisoner was but about twelve years of age, on which account she was acquitted .

Samuel Lavess.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-17

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496. (M.) Samuel Lavess . was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. a pair of linnen breeches, value 1 s. and two half guineas , the property of Francis Watson . August 22 . ++

Francis Watson . The prisoner and I are soldiers belonging to the first regiment of guards. On the 22d of August, I went to bed in the Savoy-barracks , and laid my breeches under my head: when I awaked, they were gone, with my watch and two half guineas; we lie two in a cabin; one Wybourn lay with me, and the prisoner lay at the head of my barrack: one of our corporals finding in the necessary-house a blue rag, and seven-pence half-penny, together with my watch key; and upon searching the necessary further, my breeches were found: after that, we had a great suspicion of the prisoner, and took him up, to be tried by the military law, but they would not try him by that; he was sent to the Savoy: I went there, and asked him about my money and watch; he said he had spent the money, and the watch was picked out of his pocket, by a disorderly woman in the Ambury, in Westminster. I never got my watch or money again.

John Barlow . I went to bed, about a quarter before nine that night: the prisoner came home about a quarter after ten, and walked about. As I sat upright, he came by me, with the breeches in his hand, and went towards the necessary-house, and never came up again till day-light. I know them to be the prosecutor's breeches, and told him of it the next morning.

William Sparks . I heard him own to taking every thing, both in the Savoy, and before the justice

Prisoner's Defence.

What they charge me with, is very false.

He called James Thornton , who had known him near 16 years, and Thomas Oxley , about half a year, who said they never know any ill of him.

Guilty . T .

Anthony Fairwell.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-18

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497. (M.) Anthony Fairwell was indicted for stealing a silver-print mug, value 30 s. the property of Christopher Gardner , August 6 . ++

Christopher Gardner . I live at the Black boy, in St. Catharine's . On the 6th of August, about half an hour after twelve, I believe I lost my mug from out of my tap room: the prisoner and his acquaintance were drinking out of a tankard in a box: I know the other man to be an honest man. I went out of town, and my wife told me when I returned, she had lost a pint mug: when I was gone to Mr. Fielding, Mr. Salmon came and gave an account of the mug. The prisoner was taken up, and he confessed it was the first thing he ever did of the sort in his life.

Robert Salmon . The prisoner at the bar came to my house, about eight o'clock that morning, the 7th of August, and told me he wanted to dispose of this mug; I asked him how he came by it, or whether it was his own? he said, it was his own, and the inscription on it, was his wife's father's, who had been dead some time, and left it to his wife, and their necessity obliged them to dispose of it.

Q. Where do you live?

Salmon. I live in Barbican. I said, if you will stay till the inscription is taken out, you will make more of it: he said, he could not stay. I said it will be putting a crown into your pocket: he said he could not stay, but would call again. When he was gone, I went by the inscription, and found the house of Mr. Gardner; I called for a Pennyworth of porter, and asked the woman how long Mr. Gardner had been dead? she said, he is alive and well. Said I, have you heard any thing of your mug? she said, her husband was gone to Justice Fielding's about it; then I found it had been stolen. I ran home, and got there three of four minutes before the prisoner came; he asked if it was done? I said, stop, I have almost done it: he said, I wish you would give me half a guinea; I said, stay a little, and you shall have the value of your mug; I said, I'll give you half a guinea, and do you come by and by, and take the rest: he would not step into my shop. I went up stairs, and bid my wife go down, and put her hand in her pocket, and say, I am to give you half a guinea, and in the mean time, I'll step out at the back door, and come round and take him. She went, and did as I directed, and I slipped out and seized him: then I sent word to Sir John Fielding that I had got the person and the mug that Mr. Gardner had been with him about that morning.

Prisoner's Defence.

A person that was going to Florida, desired me to drink with him: I saw him go backwards several times; when we got about ten yards from the house, he said, here; I went to him: he said, hold your coat open (he had something in his hand): he swore, d - n you, hold your coat open, and clapped the mug in; I did not know whether it was silver or pewter: said I, what must I do

with this? he said, you son of a b - h, go and fetch some money with it: I said, pray take it back again, he said, he would not, but bid me fell it, and said, he would meet me at 6 at night. I said, I would not sell it; then he said, he would take me back to the man's house, and get me prosecuted for taking it: I was so frighted, I did not know what to do; I carried it to my own cellar, and buried it two feet deep; he came to me when I was at supper, and said, have you sold it? I said, no; then said he, I'll go to Mr. Gardner, and tell him you have got his mug; I said, let the man have his mug again: said he, how can you say you are innocent, you have received it, and he would go and tell Mr. Gardner; then I called after him, and said I would sell it, and I carried it to that gentleman's house; the gentleman weighed it: it weighed 14 ounces; he said, call again in half an hour, and you shall have the money for it. I seeing him go out of his house, the right way to Mr. Gardner's house, I was frightened, and as blind as a beetle; I could not see my way: then I thought I would go and see If I could find the man, and beg of him to let the mug go home again: I went and called for a dram in Mr. Gardner's house, and asked if the man was there that I had been with? they said yes, and the girl said her master was gone after him; then I went to the silversmith's house; he said, well, young man, I have got it done for you almost, it will be finished in a quarter of an hour: his wife came to pay me, and I made no resistance when I was taken.

Guilty . T .

John Lovell.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-19
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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498. (M.) John Lovell was indicted, for that he, on the first of August , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of Thomas Whittle did break and enter, and steal two pewter dishes, value 6 d. and one pewter bottom to a scale, value 4 d. in the said dwelling-house, his property . ++

Thomas Whittle . I live in Shoreditch . My house was broke open on the first of August, about two in the morning; my wife alarmed me, and said there was a thief in the house: I went to sleep again, and between four and five, somebody came and told me my house was open. I came down, and found a shutter broke.

Q. What is your business?

Whittle. I keep a broker's shop ; the nails were drawn, and there was room for a person to to go in; but whether the shutter was fast bolted, or whether the nails were drawn out that night, I cannot tell: I missed a few pewter dishes, and this pewter scale. On the Monday, Sir John Fielding 's men came, and told me they had found the thief, and if I would come to Sir John, I might hear more. The scale bottom I can swear to, the rest I cannot.

Joseph Bareav . On the 5th of August, the prisoner offered to sell these things to me, (producing the things mentioned in the indictment.) I suspected they were stole, and stopped them and the prisoner, and carried him before Sir John Fielding ; there he confessed he had broke open a house in Shoreditch, and gave me directions where he stole the things.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going home in liquor, and heard a noise on the other side of the way; I crossed the way, and there were two men quarrelling; they both had hampers loaded with things; they walked away pretty fast, and I took up that bit of scale, and carried it home; this was on a Saturday night.

He called Joseph Driver , William Jaques , Joseph Lawson , and Robert Boad , who gave him a good character.

Guilty of stealing the goods only . T .

Anne Dover.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-20

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499. (M.) Anne Dover , spinster , was indicted for stealing a crape gown, value 3 s. a flannel petticoat, value 1 s. a callimancoe petticoat, value 1 s. a pair of stays, value 1 s. and a holland shift, value 1 s. the property of Susannah Element , widow , July 27 . ++

Susannah Element . I lodge in Castle-street, at the top of St. Martin's-lane . On the 27th of July, I was ill in bed: a little before nine o'clock, the prisoner came into my room, and asked me after a woman in the house; I made her little reply; she kept talking to me, for I was very heavy and sleepy: the things mentioned in the indictment were in a bundle, lying on a table in the room; my cloaths that I wear, were lying on the bed: presently I did not hear her; I thought I heard something crack, and looking-round, I saw my cloaths were gone; I screamed out, and said, I am robbed; I called the people down stairs, and told them the prisoner had robbed me; she and the things were gone: her father went in search of her, but could not find her: the next morning she was found, and had on my quilted petticoat, shift and stays: she pulled them off in a public-house, and they were delivered to me; she said,

the other things were pawned: her father, she, and I went together, and found them in Tottenham-court-road.

Judith White and Fra. Hardey deposed, they pledged the things at the request of the prisoner, to Mr. Lawrence, and delivered the money to her.

Mr. Lawrence, the pawnbroker's servant, deposed, he took them in of the two witnesses.

The prisoner in her defence said, the prosecutrix sent her with these things to pledge.

Guilty . T .

Mary Macrin.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-21
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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500. (M.) Mary Macrin , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. the property of John Goad , privately in the shop of the said John , July 30 . ++

John Goad . I am a watchmaker , and live in Whitecross-street . On the 30th of July, I went out of my shop; backwards, into the kitchen; I generally shut the shop door, and lock it, but do not take the key out. About eight at night, I seeing the door open, went in, and missed a silver watch: I went about with written papers to the pawnbrokers the next morning, and when I got home, Mr. Griffice of Bridgewater Gardens came and let me know he had got the watch: it was a watch that was left with me to be cleaned, by one Mr. Roberts.

William Griffice . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Bridgewater Gardens. (He produced a silver watch.) On the 30th of July, about seven in the evening, the prisoner at the bar, and Catharine Pollock the evidence, brought this watch to pledge; they told me, it belonged to Pollock's husband, and they pledged it, in order to raise money to bury a child that lay dead. I lent them a guinea upon it.

Catharine Pollock . The prisoner came to me, and took me to her own room, and took this watch out of a drawer, and desired I would go-along with her, and pawn it for her: we went together on a Monday, in the evening; she gave me eighteen-pence and a pint of beer for going with her.

Prisoner's Defence.

Catharine Pollock brought me the watch, and asked me to go with her to pawn it; she pawned it in her own name, and took the money for it, and through spite and malice, she was admitted an evidence.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

Eleanor May.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-22

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501. (M.) Eleanor May , widow , was indicted for stealing one wollen blanket, value 1 s. and two linen sheets, value 6 s. the property of Daniel Barrett , in her ready-furnished lodgings , July 24 . ++

Guilty . T .

John Jourdan.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-23

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502. (M.) John Jourdan , otherwise Farrel , was indicted for stealing six silver table-spoons, value 3 l. two pair of iron buckles, value 4 d. seven guineas, and 10 l. in money, numbered, the property of Jefferey Knight , in the dwelling-house of the said Jefferey , July 28 . ++

Anne Knight . I am wife to Jefferey Knight , and live in New North-street . On the 28th of July, I locked our bureau in the fore parlour, at about half an hour after ten o'clock in the morning; before I locked it, I took a guinea out of a purse that had several guineas in it: I had put them out of my hand, and a bank note; all which I left in the purse; one was a very remarkable crooked guinea: there were in the bureau half a dozen silver table spoons, and two pair of mourning buckles, made of iron: before twelve the same day, I found the bureau was shut, but the bolt of the lock was standing out, not locked: I missed the spoons, buckles, money, and bank note; (the note is not laid in the indictment); I was before Sir John Fielding on the 31st, and saw the prisoner there; he was charged with stealing the things-mentioned, but denied it, and said, he knew nothing of them.

Anne Broughton . I live facing Mr. Knight's house: I was in my parlour, and saw the young man, the prisoner at the bar; he crossed the way, and went into Mr. Knight's entry directly, without knocking at the door; I saw him four times; he went in twice, and out twice, which lead me to observe him particularly the last time I saw him come out. I saw him put something into his right hand coat-pocket: it seemed difficult to be got in.

Q. When was this?

Broughton. This was half an hour past eleven in the morning; I never stirred from my window from the time he came out, till Mrs. Knight's coming out, and saying she had been robbed, which was near a quarter of an hour.

Q. from Prisoner. How could you remark me more than any other person?

Broughton. I saw both his face and his back part too; and I knew him again, the first time I saw him at Justice Fielding's.

John Bridges . I saw the prisoner several times go backwards and forwards up and down that street, between eleven and twelve o'clock that day: I heard him bid another young man go up on the other side of the way; they parted, and one went up one side, and the other on the other; I met him after that, coming down the street, next door to Mr. Knight's, with a paper of something, putting it in his pocket: he went off then, and I saw no more of him; this was about a quarter before twelve o'clock. I was going to Sir John Fielding the same day, to give a description of him, and saw him at the end of Bow-street; I said to George Noy , that was with me, that was the person I was going to describe, having heard of this robbery: we pursued him to Tavistock-street.

Q. How near was you to him, when you first saw him?

Bridges. I was within fifty yards of him, when I first saw him; we were at Sir John's door, and I saw him passing by the pastry-cook's; I believe he came from Drury-lane: the same person I had before seen with him, was then with him; we came up pretty near him: I left Mr. Noy to follow him, and went to Sir John Fielding to give an account of him, and get assistance: by the time I returned, they had taken him, and were bringing him along; he was searched at Sir John's; there were fifteen guineas found upon him, some other things, and a few papers.

George Noy . The prisoner is the man that I saw go into Mr. Knight's house, about a quarter before twelve that day, as near as I can remember; he had been up and down by my door several times, before I took notice of him. I saw him step light cross the way, and go in at the door, without knocking or scraping his feet, and I never went out of sight of the door, till he came out again.

Q. How long was he in the house?

Noy. He was not above ten minutes in the house; there were loose papers in his hands, which he was putting into his pocket; he walked very slowly down the street; I thought he observed that I took notice of him; he crossed over, and come towards me: I thought he was coming to use some ill language towards me, I went in, and he turned back, and went down Boswell-court. I believe I heard that Mr. Knight had been robbed not a quarter of an hour afterwards: I told Mrs. Knight I saw such a man go into the house, and described him in the best manner I could; then we went to Sir John Fielding 's, which was about two o'clock; then I saw him, with another person, standing at the pastry-cook's shop, facing the end of Bow-street; Bridges was with me; we went and saw plainly he was the man, and followed him: then he went to Bow-street for help, and I followed the prisoner to Tavistock-street; from thence, they went into Covent-garden, and up by the church; they turned the corner, into King-street, where were two soldiers: I said, if they would stop the fellow in the blue coat, (meaning the prisoner) I would give them half a crown apiece; they immediately ran before him, and stopped him, and brought him back to me. The prisoner asked me what business I had with him? I said, you must go to Sir John Fielding , a gentleman wants to speak with you there. He said, it was an impudent thing to go to stop him; they brought him a few yards, and then he cleared himself of both the soldiers, and ran as fast as he could, and the soldiers after him: I saw no more, till I saw Mr. Knight had him by the collar, at the end of Wild-street: when before the justice, I saw him searched, and they told me there were fifteen guineas found upon him; I saw several; there were other things found upon him, which I did not take particular notice of.

Robert Parker . I saw Mr. Noy in pursuit of the prisoner; I also pursued him in Covent-garden; he ran up James-street, and turned into Hart-street; there he was catched, and got off again, under pretence that he was pursued by Bailiffs, and the mob let him go: after that, he went through a passage, and got into Great Wild-street; I catched him there; he told me, that he was pursued by bailiffs: the mob came up to me, and begged I would let him go; I really believed that was the case, and let him go: I had not let him go above half a minute, before Mr. Knight came and said he was the man that robbed him, and desired assistance: I then assisted him, and we carried him to Sir John Fielding 's; I took part of the money out of his pockets; there were fifteen guineas, some silver, and some half-pence taken out of his right hand breeches pocket, and some silver was in his left breeches pocket. I took a clasp knife, made into a saw, out of his pocket (producing it;) there was one guinea in particular, that Mr. Knight swore to (producing a large crooked-guinea, with dents in it); this is it; Mr. Knight gave a description of it, before he saw it.

Q. Does it correspond with his description?

Parker. It does, exactly. (The guinea inspected by the court and jury.)

Q. from Prisoner. Whether I had not seventeen guineas, and you pocketed two for yourself?

Parker. All the money I found, was produced before the justice; I saw but fifteen guineas, some silver, and a few half-pence. I took none to myself.

Mr. Knight. There were two purses in the drawer in the bureau; in one of them was a bank note, and this crooked guinea; there were between seven and nine guineas: in the other purse, there was a 36 s. piece, and to the value of twelve or thirteen guineas. It was money left in my hands, for a person's father that was in my house. I had heard of the robbery, and was going to Sir John Fielding , to give an account of what I had lost, by appointment of Mr. Noy and Mr. Bridges: going up the passage, between Wild-street and Drury-lane, I saw some people running, and asked what was the matter? they said, there was a thief. Before I could get cross the way, into Drury-lane, I called, Stop thief, knowing I had been robbed; by the time I could get into Wild-street, the prisoner was loose again, going towards the Devil's-gap; there I catched him, and told him, he had robbed me, and carried him before Sir John Fielding : before he was searched, I described a crooked guinea, with particular dents in it; it had been in that purse a considerable time, and sometime without a companion. If it was alone, I have desired my wife never to touch it; I have seen it a great many times; I saw the money taken out of the prisoner's pockets: all the money that I saw taken out, was put into Mr. Parker's hat; the very first glance I had of this crooked guinea, I knew it; I said, there is the guinea; there were fifteen guineas taken out of his pockets: the prisoner was eating something, and as there was a bank note of 20 l. lost, I thought he was eating that: I asked him if he was not eating it, and looked into his mouth; there was something white in his mouth: this was on the Saturday, and on the Monday following, I found the spoons in King-street, Seven-dials. I went to enquire whether the advertisement had taken any effect in the city, and I came to Justice Fielding's; there was the prisoner brought up again, and was then dressed in a light suit of cloaths: I had intelligence where them cloaths came from, but I cannot say by whom: I went there with the constable and a search-warrant, and found my spoons and buckles: (produced and deposed to): they were found in a one pair of stairs room.

William Povey . I went with Mr. Knight, on Monday the 30th of July, to King-street, Seven-Dials, to the house of Mr. Archer, a taylor; there I found a little bairy trunk, in which I found these spoons and buckles: the people of the house told me the prisoner used to be in and out there. Here are two pick-lock keys; (Produced in court.) these were delivered to me.

Prosecutor. These were brought to us at the Justices, picked up by some body. I can't tell who, supposed to be flung out of his pocket when taken.

Alice Archer . I am wife to Richard Archer , a taylor; we live in King-street, Seven Dials; the prisoner used to come backwards and forwards to a lodger of ours, for about three weeks before he was in custody; he did not lodge at our house, as I know of; the woman's husband goes for a clerk in the city; I believe her husband and the prisoner have been acquainted.

Prisoner. That woman used to wash for me; I never spoke three words to her husband.

Martha Mark . I can say no more than the last witness; I particularly know the prisoner's face, seeing him go in and out at Mr. Archer's.

Q. Where do you live?

M. Mark. I am a lodger in Mr. Archer's house.

Q. How long is it since you first saw the prisoner come there?

M. Mark. I believe it was about three weeks before he was taken up; it may be a day or two longer.

Q. When was the last time you saw him there?

M. Mark. I saw him go up there the morning he was taken.

Q. What time of the Morning?

M. Mark. It was after 11 o'clock.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have only bee n three Weeks in London. I was recommended to that woman to wash for me, by one Glascow; she asked me to breakfast once or twice; that is all I know about her. I had proof enough before Sir John Fielding to prove where I had this money; but Sir John and these men frighted every body, so that they, will not come near me; and I being a stranger in London, no one will come to me. My father died and left me forty guineas; I had twenty-three of them when I came to London; I bought some clothes, but since I have been in trouble, the people have run away with them; I have a young fellow, named Mark Howard , that can prove how I had this money. I was born in Munster, in Ireland.

For the Prisoner.

Mark Howard . I knew the prisoner before I came to London.

Q. How long has he been in London?

Howard. I don't know. I met him one day; he said he had not got work; he bid me come, and he would give me a pot of beer; so I brought him with me, and he pulled out of his pocket a handful of silver and gold; I don't know how much; he told me his father was dead, and he was just come over to get work here. I knew him in Dublin in his apprenticeship: he is a shoemaker; I was an apprentice at the same time.

Q. How long had you seen him before he was taken up?

Howard. To the best of my opinion, it was about three weeks before.

Q. Where did you first see him in London?

Howard. It was in a house in White-cross-street, where I work.

Q. to Bridges. Is this the man you saw walking up and down in New North-street?

Bridges. No, it is not.

Q. to Howard. When did you leave Dublin?

Howard. I left it the 18th of May last; he behaved as well as any boy could do; he has a good character; his father always supplied him with money; he told me he supplied him with half a crown a week for pocket money.

Q. Where did he lodge in this town?

Howard. He lodged in a little court that leads up into the Strand.

Q. Was you ever with him at Archer's in King's street?

Howard. No.

Guilty . Death .

There was another indictment against him, for stealing a large quantity of valuable goods, the property of William Langdon , Esq; in his dwelling house.

Mary Linakin.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-24
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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503. (M.) Mary Linakin , spinster , was indicted for stealing a gold watch, value 10 l. and a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of James Anceon , privately from his person , August 2 . ++

The prosecutor being a foriegner, and could not speak English, an interpreter was sworn.

James Anceon , On the 2d of August, between 11 and 12 at night, I met the woman at the Bar, and took her to a tavern in Grafton-street , to give her a glass of wine: after that I went backward into the yard. I had my watch at that time; when I returned in again, I called the boy to take the money for the pint of wine, and then I went out with the girl. As soon as I got out of the door, I began to vomit; she held my head with her hand; at that time I felt her take my watch from my fob: I put my hand down, and missed it: after that she went with me to the corner of the street where I live.

Q. How did you lose your handkerchief?

Anceon I don't know how I lost that; but I took it off her neck at Mr. Fielding's.

Q. Did you say nothing to the prisoner when you missed your watch?

Anceon. No, I did not, I was sober, but taken very ill.

Q. Why did you suffer the girl to go away without saying any thing to her?

Anceon. I was so very sick that I could not say any thing to her.

Q. Was you acquainted with her, or did you know where she lived?

Anceon. No: I advertised her the next day, and in consequence of that the watch was found; I saw it at Justice Fielding's six or seven days after the prisoner was there.

Q. Had you your handkerchief when you met with the prisoner?

Anceon. I had; it had a mark upon it; but now it is taken out; but I know it to be mine.

Hugh Evans . The prosecutor is a jeweller; he had been at my house, the Swan in Fetter-Lane: the watch was advertised four guineas reward, to be brought to my house: I paid the four guineas: when before the Justice, he asked the prisoner whether she took the watch in the house or out of the house? she said, in the house; and she went with him part of the way home, not knowing where he lived. I saw him take the handkerchief from the prisoner's neck; she said he gave it her to blow her nose on, and she put it in her pocket.

Humphrey Eliezer . (A gold watch produced.) This seems to be the same watch, but I cannot swear to it; it has been out of my custody; to the best of my knowledge this is it; the No. corresponds; it is 168. I delivered it to Mr. Marsden.

Evans. I had it of Mr. Marsden.

Eliezer. This day four weeks, an elderly woman that pass'd for the prisoner's mother, came to me, and said, she was waiting for some body to buy something of her, and he was not come;

then she said, Will you buy a lump of gold? I said, What gold is it? she said, It is a gold snuffbox; then the prisoner came up; she said, Mother, tell him what it is: then she said, it is a gold watch; but I can't give it you now; I'll bring it to-morrow: I said, Can't you bring it now? she said, I'll bring it in half an hour: I said, I'll meet you at a public house near the South-Sea-house; I watched, and saw them go down Threadneedle-street; they went away, and returned again in about a quarter of an hour. They shewed me the watch; she said the watch is advertised, five guineas reward; and, if so, it must be worth more than the reward. At last, she gave me the watch in my hand: when we got to St. Mary Axe, I said, What do you ask for it? she said, ten guineas: I said, It is a pretty watch; how did you come by it? I must stop you and the watch too. I had them in custody about five minutes; then a mob gathered. I sent for a constable; none were to be found; then a young man came up and laid hold of the prisoner; we took them into a public house, and then before Sir John Fielding . Mr. Marsden examined them separately; they said they were strangers to each other: the old woman said she found the watch in Grafton-street, against a post, at eleven o'clock at night. The prisoner said she happened to meet the old woman, and she asked her to go along with her, and she did not know for what; but she was going to see a Jew in Duke's Place: they were committed, one to the Gatehouse, the other to the Round-house. When they came before the Justice again, which was Justice Spinage, the prisoner owned the old woman knew nothing of it; that she took it from the gentleman's pocket herself.

Marks Garrick. This witness had the women in custody about five minutes before I came up to him: there was a butcher that goes by the name of Barrev, that gave him money to buy the watch, and he certainly would have bought the watch, had I not come up to him; the butcher gave him about four or five guineas to buy it; the old woman went to the butcher with intent that he should buy it; and there were people about, so that he would not buy it then.

Eliezer. He only says this, to fling me out of part of the reward.

Prisoner's Defence,

This gentleman took me in at twelve o'clock at might, and gave me a guinea to - and when he was going up, the watch dropt upon the carpet, and I took it up as he went down before me.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

John Phippard.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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503. (M.) John Phippard was indicted for stealing 12 silver hafts for knives, value 4 s. the property of Thomas Gopsill , August 13 . *

The prosecutor is a cutler in Christopher-court, St. Martin's-le-Grand ; the prisoner was his Journeyman : the prisoner confess'd he stole the hafts; but as that confession was not voluntary, but drawn out of him under a promise of favour, he was acquitted .

Susannah Vineyard.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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504. (M.) Susannah, wife of John Vineyard , was indicted for stealing one linen sheet, value 2 s. the property of Thomas Cotterell , August 22 . *

Acquitted .

Margaret Wade.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-27

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505. (M.) Margaret Wade . spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver snuffer-stand, value 20 s. the property of Joseph Dewberry , Esq ; August 10 . ++

Elizabeth Dewberry . I am wife to Mr. Joseph Dewberry ; the prisoner was my servant ; I did not miss the stand till I was sent for before the Justice; Mr. Notely a broker had carried her and that before the Justice on the 10th of August: she there acknowledged she had taken it out of our house; she told me her former mistress was stick, and she went to see her on the same day, and she was to return on Sunday the 12th. (The stand produced and deposed to.)

Mr. Notley. On the 10th of August, the prisoner brought this silver stand to me to pledge: I asked her who she came from? she said, from Mrs. Dewberry, and that she was an acquaintance of hers. I asked where she lived? she said, at Charing Cross. I said I would go along with her, and if so, I would let her have the money. I went with her, and there was no such person; then the prisoner said she was to meet her there; we waited there some time; no body came; then she took me to St. Martin's Lane: there she said she would send for her. She sent, and there came an old mean looking person, that called herself Dewberry. I thought she could not have such a

thing; then the prisoner said some body had lent a silk gown, and taken this in pledge: I said, she had better tell the truth; then she said she took it from Mrs. Dewberry, her mistress, in Westminster; then I took her to Mr. Welch's office; he was not at home; we went to Colonel Dean, who sent for her mistress, and committed the prisoner to the Gatehouse.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the stand at the door, and did not know what it was, and the man frighted me when he took me up; I did not know how to behave, or what to do; I never was guilty of such a thing in my life before.

Guilty , T .

William Hill.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-28

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506. (M.) William Hill was indicted, for that he, on the King's highway, on William King did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking 2 s. in money numbered, from his person, his property , July 29 . ++

William King . On the 29th of July, I was going to the Duke of Leeds's; and between Kitt's End and Mim's Wash , the prisoner was going the same way as I was, down the hill to the Wash: we were talking about the weather; I would fain have gone from him, not liking his appearance. When we got to the Wash, he turned quick upon me, got before me, and drew a knife, collared me, and demanded my money; he swore he would murder me, if I did not give him all my money. I said I had but two shillings, and that I would give him as soon as I could: I took two shillings out of my pocket and gave him: then he said, You have more. I said, I have no more, but a few halfpence; and took them out, which were four; he would not take them; then he swore he would cut my throat, if I did not give him my watch. I told him I never travelled with one; then he swore he would murder me, if I did not go back; and shortened his arm, in which he held his knife, as if he was going to stab me. I said, Why should you make me go back? let me go on my journey; I have given you all my money. He said, Go back, that I may go by. I understood by that, that he might go, and I not see him: so I turned my back, and he went away: then I went on to a little ale-house at the farther end of the Wash, and called for a pennyworth of beer. While I was standing at the door, the prisoner came by; he looked me in the face, and said, Come along, come along; as if we had been acquainted: I did not know but he might be before me, till I saw him; I was more frighted then, by seeing him so audacious; and was afraid to take notice that I had been robbed there, because I saw only a little slight man and an old woman: I then waited till there came a post chaise, and people in it: I ran down the road, and desired they would let me go in it to near the turnpike: when I got in the chaise, I told them I had been robbed, and described the person: they said they were certain they should know him by my description; they put me down short of the turnpike, and went on a little farther in the town, and there took him, and sent for me: as soon as I heard his voice, I knew him; I am certain the prisoner is the man.

Q. What time of the day was you robbed?

King. It was between 6 and 7 in the afternoon.

Q. What are you?

King. I am a limner , and live at Totteridge.

Thomas Gayton . I am the driver of the post-chaise, and took Mr. King up at the farther end of Mims-wash; he said he had been robbed by a person, in a grey coat, black waistcoat, a clean pair of breeches, a soldier's hat cocked up, a tall young fellow in his own hair, pitted with the small-pox: I set Mr. King down by the turnpike, and found the prisoner at the Green Dragon door. He was in the house, hanging over the hatch; I said to the person in the chaise, this is the man: I went to him, and asked how far he was going? he said to Hatfield: I said, that is not the way. He said, will you drink? and gave me the mug in my hand: I got a constable, and he came and took the prisoner. He was searched, and 2 s. and this knife found in his pocket, (Producing a clasp knife.)

Prosecutor. I believe this is the knife the prisoner held to me.

Mr. Gidens. I am a constable. I searched the prisoner, and found 2 s. and this knife upon him: when Mr. King came, and said the prisoner was the man that robbed him, the prisoner did not deny it.

Henry Ansell . I was at the taking the prisoner: I saw him searched, and two shillings and this knife were found upon him.

Prisoner's Defence.

It is very false. I met the man that I believe did rob him. He asked me if I would change

cloaths with him, and he would give me 2 s. to boot; so I changed. I am a soldier , and my friends live in Yorkshire; so I have nobody to appear for me.

Guilty . Death .

Eleanor Godard.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-29

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507. (M.) Eleanor Godard , spinster , was indicted for stealing a gold ring, value 5 s. the property of Benjamin Feild , September 8 . ++

Benjamin Feild . The prisoner was my servant about four or five days: I live in Chandois-street . Last Saturday, about six o'clock, she pretended to go out to clean a window, when she went away: presently, two gentlemen came with her and this ring (producing a gold ring), my property: they asked me, if I knew any thing of this ring? I said it was mine; I had not missed it before. I went to the drawer where it used to lie, and found the lock broke.

Jasper Notley . I live with Mr. Kates, a pawnbroker, in Chandois-street: the prisoner brought this ring on Saturday last, and offered to pledge it with me: she having no hat on, I imagined she was some servant in the neighbourhood: she first said it was her own; after that, she said it was sent by one Mrs. Brown, at the Bull's-head, the corner of St. Martin's lane. I said I would go with her there: going along, she went into a chandler's shop, and did not seem willing to go; after that, she went into another, and staid some time; I called her out; she said, what do you think I am going to run away I then she went to the Bull-head: I asked the mistress of the house if she knew the prisoner? she said, she did not. Then I took her back to the shop again; she would not tell where she lived: after that, she said she was sent by one Mrs. Hall: we took directions where she said Mrs. Hall lived, and let her go, with intent of watching her; we let her go out; my master went out at one door, and I at the other. Going along, we looked up a court, and saw her cleaning a window: we asked her what she did there? she said she was speaking to a gentlewoman. We went into the house, and asked Mr. Feild if he knew that girl? he said, she was his servant: then we shewed him the ring, and he owned it. Before the justice, she said she found the ring upon the carpet in the room.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the ring in a piece of paper, in the room.

Guilty . T .

Isabella Parkhouse.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-30

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508. (M.) Isabella Parkhouse , otherwise Duglass , spinster , was indicted for stealing one pair of stays. value 4 s. one linen gown, value 5 s. one stuff petticoat, value 6 d. one linen tablecloth, value 6 d. one linen shift, value 6 d. one pair of worsted stockings, value 6 d. and 14 d. in money, numbered , the property of Thomas Bates , July 31 . *

Thomas Bates . My wife has a nurse-child, and I took in the prisoner as a sort of an assistant; she had been with us three or four days; the goods mentioned in the indictment were lost on the 31st of July; she was taken the same morning in Bedford-bury; the petticoat, apron, and handkerchief I saw on her back; the stays were brought by Jasper Notley before the justice.

Jasper Notley . The prisoner brought these pair of stays, and pledged them with me, on the 31st of July, for 4 s. (produced.)

Margaret Bates . I am wife to the prosecutor: these stays are my property; the petticoat and apron, that the prisoner had on when taken, are my property; the handkerchief is the property of the child's mother, that I nurse.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am innocent of every thing besides the stays: she sent me with them to pledge, to pay me.

M. Bates. I owed her no money: I did not send her to pledge them; she went when I was in bed asleep.

Guilty . T .

ELizabeth Orroks, James Brooks.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-31
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesTransportation; Transportation

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509, 510. (L.) ELizabeth Orroks , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver candlestick, value 8 l. the property of Samuel Touchett , Esq ; and James Brooks , for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , August 23 . *

James Pickford . I am servant to Mr. Touchett. The prisoner Orroks, was at our house on the 23d of August; the candlestick was missing that day, between six and eight in the afternoon; we suspected her, and took her before Sir John Fielding . She said she took it for want.

Lazarus Levi. I live in Carter-street, by Wool-pack-alley. At first, there came a shoe-black, and asked me, if I buy silver? I said, yes: he said, there was a man and woman had got so me silver to sell. I went with him to the two prisoners, in Hounsditch; they were standing in the street: I asked what they had to sell? the man said, do you live hereabouts? I said, just by: he said, will you go home with me? I went home with him, and he gave me this silver candlestick into my hand; he asked 5 s. an ounce for it, and said, the girl had a relation died, and left it her. I stopped it, and went and advertised it, by which means I came at the owner. (Produced, and deposed to by Pickford, as the property of the prosecutor.)

Orroks's Defence.

I did it for want.

Brooks's Defence.

I went over with her into Hounsditch, where we saw a Jew selling buttons; we asked him where we could sell the candlestick? he carried us to that gentleman's house, and he stopped it.

Orroks called Elizabeth Bates , Abigail Tison , Anne Morris , and Susannah Majour , who gave her the character of an honest girl, till she fell into Brooks's company.

Orroks, Guilty . T .

Brooks, Guilty . T. 14 .

Anthony Williamson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-32

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511. (L.) Anthony Williamson was indicted for stealing a silk handkerchief, value 4 s. the property of Joseph Gerrald , September 1 . *

Joseph Gerrald . On Saturday last but one, coming down Cheapside , between twelve and one in the day, I was touched on the back by a lady, who pointed to the prisoner, and said, that man that is crossing the way, has picked your pocket of your handkerchief; he was then about five

yards from me: I found mine was gone, and I pursued him cross the street, into Wood-street, where I saw him, and cry'd Stop thief: a good many people get about him: I saw him throw a handkerchief into a carpenter's shop and the master of the shop brought it out directly; it was my handkerchief. When before my Lord Mayor, he denied the taking it; but when he was incircled by the mob, he said, he had not had any victuals for two or three days, and did it to save himself from starving.

Joseph Fletcher . I saw the prisoner throw a handkerchief into a carpenter's shop, and the prosecutor came up and owned it.

Prisoner's Defence.

There were two men ran; one had a blue coat on, the other a short man in a white coat. I heard the word, stop thief; I turned my head about, and the mob took hold of me; they searched me, and found nothing upon me. I never saw that handkerchief till it was brought out of the shop.

Guilty . T .

Richard Bond, John Smith.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-33
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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512, 513. (L.) Richard Bond , otherwise Clark , and John Smith , were indicted for stealing a promissory note for the payment of 22 l. 8 s. signed by John Baker , by which he promised to pay to John Hazard , or order, the said sum; and a leather bill-case, value 2 s. 6 d. from the person of John Hazard , his property, privately and secretly , September 6 . *

John Hazard . I am a clerk in the Bank of England : I have frequently seen the prisoner Clark (for that is his right name) loitering about the Bank-yard, and in the Bow-china passage, which fronts the Bank gates; I never saw him doing business there; I first began to take notice of him about six weeks ago: I suspected by his not having business to do, that he was a bad man; I told several of the clerks I suspected him to be a pickpocket, as numbers of people had lost things. On the 6th of this instant September, I was informed he was in the bank-yard; I went into the bank, and told some of our clerks I would take my pocket-book and go out, and see whether he would attempt to pick my pocket of it: I went out, and pulled my pocket-case out in the yard, as he might see it, and put it in again: I went out, and he followed me into Castle-alley; there was nobody with him then: I stopped at the lottery-office-window, in Castle-alley, and he came and stood by me, on that side the book was: then I came through the alley into Cornhill, and stood at Mr. Kentish's toy shop; he came and stood there by me; then I turned into Pope's-head-alley, and stood at Mr. Shepherd's toy-shop; he followed me there likewise: then I passed him a little way, and stood to make water; then I went on, into Lombard-street, into the shop of Messrs. Breffey Ive, and Co. bankers; he followed me to their door, and staid there, and took notice of what I was doing in the shop; after I came out there, I turned into Lombard-street, and put my hand down by the side of my pocket, with my little finger by the side of it, that I might be able to feel it, if he took my book out of my pocket: I had not gone out at the door above ten or a dozen yards, before I felt him at it; I could almost take my oath that I felt him.

Q. Had he hold of your pocket-book?

Hazard. I will not swear that he had hold of it, but I believe he had; I was in some sort of a confussion, and went into the shop of Sir Charles Asgill , for I had between 2 and 300 l. of my own property, in another pocket, which I had forgot to put out, before I went on this affair; I depended on having the heels of him. He came and stood at Sir Charles's door, while I was there; after I came out, he followed me as before, and I imagine, made the same attempt; I went on, farther into Lombard-street, and he still followed me: I took my case out, when by the corner of Birchin-lane, and looked into it; he crossed the way, and looked into it also: then I turned up Birchin-lane, and went into the shop of Vere, Glynn, and Hallifax; he came and stood at the door the space of three minutes, while I was talking to the clerks; then I came out, and crossed the way, and went into 'Change-alley, and away to the bank; he followed me as far as the 'Change, before he dropped me: then I was convinced he was a thief: this was about ten o'clock in the forenoon. Then I told Mr. Carnaby I was very certain that he and I could take him; as he had attempted to pick my pocket once, he would do it again: so we told the gate-porter at the bank, if he saw him, to let us know; the porter knew him, and had told him to keep away before this. About one o'clock the same day, I was informed Clark was there again: I took another pocketbook, rather smaller than the other, that I thought would come out of my pocket easier, and only one note of hand, (the note mentioned in the indictment) and put it into my pocket, and desired Mr. Carnaby to come a little after me upon Change, and watch to see whether Clark saw me. I came out of the bank, and saw Clark and Smith, and another person, standing together, by the corner of Castle-alley.

Q. Had you seen Smith before?

Hazard. I had seen him pass the bank gate once before.

Q. How long before?

Hazard. Perhaps eight or ten days before. I took out my pocket-case; I had put some blank draughts in it: I just shewed them, that they might imagine they were papers of great consequence, and put my book very carelesly into my pocket, and turned up Castle-alley: I just looked behind me, and saw these three people following me: I went into a little passage, that leads to the Royal Exchange, there is a cane and Toy-shop there; I stood there, with an intent of letting Mr Carnaby come up: I saw him coming; these three men stood behind me: they seemed to decline coming on, and rather drew back. Mr. Carnaby came up, but took no notice of me; I went and stood very near the statue of Sir John Barnard , on the Royal Exchange , and in about three seconds after I stopped, they all three came up, on that side where was my pocket-book: the third person began asking me about the inscription over Sir John Barnard ; Clark stood directly by the side of my pocket, or rather pushed himself against me, and Smith by the side of him. In a little time after we had been there, that third person asked me some insignificant questions; I then put my hand into my bosom, that they might have an opportunity of picking my pocket; and thought, as soon as I found one of them move, I might conclude my book was gone. I soon found Clark a little upon the move; I put my hand down, and found my book was gone; I saw Mr. Carnaby coming up to him, he laid hold of the prisoners by their collars, and I did the same, and taxed Clark with picking my pocket; at which time, I saw my pocket-case fall from the breast of Smith. I picked it up: here is the case, and the note that was in it, (producing them): the note read to this purport:

"July 11, 1764.

"Three months after date, I promise to pay to

"Mr. John Hazard , or order, 22 l. 8 s. for

"value received.

" John Baker ."

I have witnesses here, to the validity of the note, if it be required.

Court. It is not to be supposed you would be deficient in that part, considering how well the rest of the scheme was plann'd.

Hazard. I must say, Clark did it very dexterously, for I did not feel him take the pocket-case out. We took them before my Lord Mayor.

Timothy Carnaby . I followed Mr Hazard out of the bank, and saw him by Sir John Barnard 's statue; I came about three or four yards behind him; the scheme was laid that I should follow him; Clark stood close by his right hand pocket, and Smith stood on Clark's right hand; he almost touched him; I don't know but what he did. I saw Clark pick Mr. Hazard's pocket of his pocket case, and deliver it to Smith.

Q. Did you know Clark before?

Carnaby. I had seen him before several times, and knew his person very well.

Clark's Defence.

What I am charged with, I am quite innocent of: I was to meet my brother upon 'Change, and did meet him there, about some work. I was there about four or five minutes, and people came and shoved me into a crowd of gentlemen, and said, I had picked his pocket of things that he had lost.

Smith's Defence.

I was sent for home into the Borough, about some business: I stopped to see Sir John Barnard 's statue that was new painted: coming through the 'Change, some of these gentlemen catched hold on me, and accused me with having this man's book; I never saw it, till I saw it before my Lord Mayor.

As the prosecutor went out with an intent that the prisoners should pick his pocket, it could not be said to be stealing from his person privately and secretly, without his knowledge.

Both guilty of stealing, but not privately . T .

Charles Jenner.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-34

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514. (L.) Charles Jenner was indicted for stealing seven knives, made of iron and steel, for cutting tobacco, value 20 s . the property of John Whywall , August 17 . *

The prisoner was a gardner's servant , at Newington butts. On the 17th of August, after he had brought goods to market, he was loading his cart at the prosecutor's, (who is a tobacconist ) with dung, he was observed by the prosecutor's servant to conceal two of these knives in the cart, and afterwards, upon being charged, confessed he had taken and sold five others. They were found accordingly. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

Guilty . T .

John Brown.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-35
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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515. (L.) John Brown was indicted for stealing ten pair of stockings, value 10 s. the property of Samuel Corrall , privately in the shop of the said Samuel , August 16 . ++

Samuel Corrall . I keep two shops ; one in the cloysters, the other in Windmill-court, Pye-corner : my sister attends that in Windmill-court, (a stocking shop); she can give an account of what passed.

Anne Johnson . I keep my brother's shop. On the 16th of August, between nine and ten at night, the maid was shutting the shop up; the prisoner and another man came in, pretending to buy a pair of stockings; the other man asked to look at a pair of black. I reached down a paper with five pair, and asked four-pence more than the common price, because I did not like the men, and wanted them gone; the prisoner asked for black-ribb'd ones; he pretended to be drunk, and reel'd about; he went out, and came in again, then asked for light grey: I reached down a paper that had eleven pair in it; I opened it, and shewed the other man the top pair; the prisoner walked about, and said, they were an ugly colour: the other man laid them down, and they both went out at the door. Then they came in again, and the prisoner had not been in the shop two minutes, before he catched up the ten pair, and ran out with them; the other man fraid in the shop: there was a third person; he did not come in at all, but stood at the door. When they came in, the maid went in pursuit of the prisoner, and the other man went out after the maid.

Anne Howard . I am servant to the prosecutor. I saw the prisoner and another man coming down the court, whispering together: they stepped into the shop, and asked to see some stockings: I was close by the prisoner, when he took up the stockings, and ran away with them; I ran after him, and called stop thief; a boy picked up the stockings and delivered them to me, and a gentleman catched him, and brought him back in about ten minutes.

Thomas Warrin . I heard the cry, Stop thief; the prisoner was running, and dropped the stockings; I took them up; he ran as far as the end of Hosier-lane, where he was taken by one Mr. Cox. The prisoner was in a sailor's blue jacket. So said the other two witnesses.

Prisoner's Defence.

As soon as I was taken, I was sent to Woodstreet Compter. They say I was in a sailor's dress; I could not change my dress: the gaoler knows I was in a blue surtout coat.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop . T .

John Williams.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-36
VerdictNot Guilty

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516. (M.) John Williams was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 5 s. one linen neckcloth, value 6 d. and one pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. the property of Henry South , September 1 . ++

Henry South . I lost the things mentioned in the indictment, from the house where I am quartered, in Red-cross-street, Lower East-Smithfield , on the first of September; and when I was gone to my officer about them, my landlord, suspecting the prisoner, stopped him, and found my things.

Pierce Mooney . The prisoner lay that night in my house; I suspected him in the morning, and in searching him, found the things in his coat pocket: the prisoner said I put them there. (The things produced and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in bed; about eight o'clock my landlord came and said I had three-pence to pay; he awaked me, and said I had got these things; I knew no more of them than the child unborn. I have clothes enough, and money enough; they were found in my pocket, but he must have put them in.

Acquitted .

John McCleland.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-37
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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517. (M.) John McCleland was indicted, for that he, on the King's highway, on Thomas Cook did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person a silver watch, value 3 l. his property , August 5 . ++

Thomas Cook . On the 5th of August, I and another person took a walk to Lambeth, it being Sunday: in returning home, my fellow-traveller was a little in liquor; I stopped to make water at the foot of Westminster Bridge; he went on, and I lost him: then I thought to take a coach home; the prisoner came to me and said, Pray, where do you want to go? I said, to Red-lion-street, Holborn: he said, I'll get a coach for you: I said, no; I could do that myself: then he said he would lay hold of my arm; I went with him till we came to King's-street, New Guildhall, Westminster ; then I said, this is not the way to go to get a coach: he then stopped me, and with his right hand got hold of the string of my watch, I felt it coming out, put my hand down, and said, You have got my watch. He overpowered me, and got it, and ran away, and I after him; and said, You thief, you have got my watch: he seeing I got the heels of him, turned round and

struck me down in the kennel; a witness that is here pursued and took him; the people took him before Justice Manley: there were some soldiers; one said, Am I the man that robbed you? another said the same; the prisoner stood behind them; I said, that is the man; I'll swear to him. (The prisoner is a soldier .)

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

Cook. I was not in liquor; I was as well as I am this moment.

Q. What time was it you lost your watch?

Cook. It was just 20 minutes past 7, by Westminster clock.

Q. What are you?

Cook. I am a baker .

Philip Skinner . I saw this Soldier at the bar knock the prosecutor down; he got up again, and hollowed, stop thief, he has got my watch, several times over. Mr. Burch was with me; I ran after him. and never lost fight of him till I took him in Peter-street. He was twice rescued from me by the rest of the soldiers; they pushed me about, and gave me blows cross my arms. I took him to Justice Manley; there I saw the prosecutor; he knew him as soon as he saw him.

Q. from prisoner. Whether I struck him before I ran, or afterwards.

Skinner. He ran from the prosecutor, and then turned about and struck him, and knocked him down into the kennel.

Mr. Burch was with the last witness from the first of it, and pursued, and was at the taking the prisoner, and confirmed Skinner in all he said.

James Brown . I am constable; I was sent for; there was a great mob; one part were for the prisoner, and the other against him: he was delivered to me; and, with assistance, I carried him to Justice Manley's; the watch was picked up in the street, and brought to the Justice's the next morning. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Q. from prisoner. Was the prosecutor drunk or sober?

Brown. He might have been in liquor, but he was sober enough.

Q. from prisoner. Whether I did not submit to you, and say, I will go to the Justice's?

Brown. He was delivered to me in the middle of the street.

Skinner and Burch both said, the prosecutor was not drunk.

Prisoner's Defence.

Last Sunday five weeks. I was at Lambeth; coming over the bridge, a little after seven o'clock, I saw this gentleman walking; he could not walk of himself; a man that had hold of him let him go; he put his head on his elbow, and his elbow on the bridge; said he, may I put my hand to yours, till I get a coach? I said. there is no coach. I led him by the arm about sixty yards, to the corner of Bridge-street, at the china-shop; I went about a dozen yards from him; the man was falling, he could not stand: there came a chairman running up, (as they will, when they see a man in liquor). I said, you may as well have a chair, for the coaches are all gone: he put his hand in his pocket to pay the chairman; he was so eager, said he, soldier, I have lost my watch; I believe you have it: I said, no; you cannot say so; I have not been in your company but about sixty yards, and I have not drank with you; and fearing I should get into trouble with my officer, I ran away; I gave him a push on the breast, and ran cross the street: he called, Stop thief; I went into Peter-street; the mob gathered about me; I said, I would go with the constable: he was so drunk, he said the man ran away; but could make neither head nor tail of the story; he could not say any one thing in life to Justice Manley.

Prosecutor. All that he has said is false.

The prisoner called Mary Thorn , who said, she lived in Peter-street; that the prosecutor was so drunk that night, he was led by four men: that Mr. Wilkinson at the Cross-Keys in Thieving-Lane was one of the four that led him. Mr. Wilkinson was sent for, who deposed, that the prosecutor and he walked together to Peter-street, and he had hold of his arm; but he did not see any other person lead him; he thought he was a little in liquor, but that he could walk without any body holding him; that he spoke very distinct and very proper; sensible enough to know what had happened to him.

Guilty of stealing the watch . T .

Alice Dilly.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-38

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518. (M.) Alice Dilly , widow , was indicted for stealing one cotton gown, value 10 s. one pair of stays, value 20 s. one pair of leather shoes, value 1 s. one sattin hat, value 2 s. one silk bonnet, value 1 s. one linen handkerchief, value 1 s. and one linen sheet, value 1 s. the property of Henrietta James , widow , August 31 . ++

Henrietta James . I lodge in Compton-street . On the 31st of August, I was told a woman went out with some things in her apron; I looked and missed the things mentioned: I pursued, and

overtook her in St. John's-street, at a Cook's shop: I found my things in her apron; she said, if I would make no noise, she should go back with me: a person took hold of her, and he and I brought her back to my room; then she threw them down on my table. (Produced and deposed to.)

Mr. Nicholls. I heard the cry, Stop thief; I went and overtook her, and Mrs. James and I brought her back: she had the things in her apron.

Prisoner's Defence.

I do not know what to say; I never did such a thing in my life before.

She called two women to her character, who said, they never heard any ill of her before this.

Guilty . T .

James Castle, Matthew Farmer.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-39
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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519, 520. (M.) James Castle and Matthew Farmer were indicted for stealing one gold lac'd hat, value 10 s. four other plain hats, value 17 s. and one linen handkerchief, value 6 d. the property of Nathaniel Warner , privately in his shop , August 7 . ++

Nathaniel Warner . I live in St. John's-Street , and am a pawnbroker . On the 7th of August, about the hour of 11 in the forenoon, the evidence Delvin, with another man, came in and demanded a shirt, that they said lay for 3 s. I sent my daughter up to look for it; the hats mentioned in the indictment were all hanging upon a nail: I saw Delvin pointing up to them: I found there was no such thing as they came for; it was a fiction of theirs. I asked who brought the shirt? they mentioned a woman's name whom I knew nothing of: I bid them go and ask her about it: they went away, and between the hours of one and two, and in the same fictitious manner, demanded a silk handkerchief, which, they said, lay for two shillings. I had no such thing in my house. I had a jealousy they came for my hats: the moment I stept from off the compter, I missed them: I immediately seized Castle. In endeavouring to get away, he left part of his coat, waistcoat, and shirt, in my hands. He was on one side of the compter, and I on the other: he got from me: I stepped to the door, and cried, Stop thief: the next witness crossed the way upon him: I saw him drop a handkerchief; this is it; it is my property. (Producing a blue and white handkerchief.) Castle ran into a chandler's shop and Mr. Rushton took him. We carried him to the Justices at Hicks's Hall, and he was committed. After that I was sent for to Sir John Fielding 's: I described the hats before they were opened: there was Delvin and the two prisoners; as to the former, I can only say, there was one of them about his size, but I cannot take upon me to say he is the person.

Charles Rushton . I was going up to Islington on the 7th of August, to dinner: I saw Castle come running out of Warner's shop in a torn condition; his clothes were hanging about: Mr. Warner came running out, and cried, Stop thief: I ran; the prisoner dropt the handkerchief at the corner of Aylesbury-street, and ran into a tallow-chandler's shop, where I took him: I took him into a public house in that street, he turned about and would have pushed me back again; then I struck him.

Samuel Lee . I saw Castle with his clothes torn: the handkerchief was put into my charge: that is all I know.

Henry Wright . On the 7th of August, about four in the afternoon, I was told some boys had some hats in the old ruins of St. Giles's; Delvin came out with this hat in his hand, from the Two Brewers. I touched him on the shoulder, and said, How came you by this hat? he said he had it of two young men, and was going to pawn it for them; and that they were at James Boswell 's, that is, the two brewers. I took him before Sir John Fielding , and he was committed upon suspicion. The next day he was brought up, and admitted evidence against the prisoners. On the last execution day I met Farmer, and brought him to Sir John's; and there Mr. Warner was bound over to prosecute.

William Delvin . On the 7th of August, the two prisoners and I met in Chick-lane: we agreed to go and rob this pawnbroker's shop: we went; I pulled out three shillings, and asked for a shirt in a woman's name. I went into a back place, where were a parcel of hats: while I was looking to get this gold lac'd hat, Farmer was trying to get some hats that were at the going in at the door: we did not get any thing then; we went out, and met with Castle in Turnmill-street: he asked us where we had been? we told him: he said, where is the pawnbroker's? we told him: we agreed to go back: I said, he will know me, if I go in again: so I went, and stood at the door, till they went in. I had not staid a minute. before Farmer came out with a parcel of hats under his arm; and Castle came out after him with his collar torn: the man came after him, and called,

Stop thief; I walked on the other side of the street, and saw him taken: then I went to a house in Thatch'd-Alley in Chick-lane; there I met Farmer: he brought the hats, and we agreed to go and sell them as fast as we could: there were four plain ones and a gold lac'd one; we went to the sign of the Castle; there were four men playing at skittles: he knew where to sell them: we went to the Broad-way St. Giles's: they went and pawned one or two: I sat in the house the time. Then we went to the Two Brewers and had a pot of beer; there were a parcel of young fellows; they wanted to buy them: I had the gold lac'd one in an apron. The thief-catchers came in. I went out, and this Harry Wright came and touch'd me on the shoulder, and asked me what I had got there? he took me to Sir John Fielding , and I was committed to the Gatehouse.

Castle's Defence.

I went into this man's house to ask for a shirt; he said, I was a rascal, he had no such thing in pawn. He took hold of me, and said I wanted to rob the house. I was born in America, and have been here but seven months.

Farmer's Defence.

Delvin came to me in the morning, as soon as I was up; he had committed a robbery that morning upon one John Brown , just below: he told me he had been to the pawnbroker in St. John's-street: I went along with him in the morning; he asked for a shirt for three shillings; the pawnbroker said he had it not in his house: we went out; and between one and two we went again; he went into the shop, and I stood at the door: he took the things and brought them out to me; he pawned one and sold another. I am but 16 years of age.

Both Guilty, 4 s. 10 d . T .

George Williams.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-40

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521. (M.) George Williams was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 20 s. one sattin waistcoat, value 5 s. one pair of leather breeches, value 20 s. two pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. one hat, value 7 s. one cardinal, value 5 s. and one crape tail of a gown, value 1 s. the property of James Yeoman , in the dwelling house of Ann Baker , widow , July 30 . *

James Yeoman . I work for a refiner in Foster-lane , and lodge in the house of the widow Baker, in Crown-court, St. Martin's-le-Grand . On the 30th of July I left my wife in my room, after breakfast at nine o'clock, and was fetched home from my work; my wife was lying for dead; I took her up and laid her on the bed; then I went to see the prisoner, whom I was told had robbed me.

Hannah Yeoman . I am wife to the prosecutor. My husband went to work at nine o'clock, and left me at home: I went out about one, and locked the door, and returned, I believe, about a quarter before two. Running up stairs, out came a man from my room; he shut to my door: I catch'd hold of him, and screamed out; I believe he drove me down stairs: I remember no more. This was on the Monday, and I received such injury, I remember nothing till the Saturday: it deprived me of my understanding. When I was sensible, I found all the things separated from where I left them.

Ann Baker . I live in St. Martin's-le-Grand: the prosecutor and his wife lodge at my house. On the 30th of July he was gone to work; and she went out about one o'clock, and came back in about half an hour; I went up stairs, and found the things mentioned in the indictment scattered about, some on the stairs, and some in the passage. I did not see the man; he was got off. The woman was hurt, and did not come to herself for three or four days: she was thrown down into the passage, into a great thoroughfare. I found their room door open. (The goods produced, and deposed to by the prosecutor and his wife.)

William Hatchet . I am a barber, and live in Crown-court, facing Mrs. Baker's house. On the 30th of July, I was going to the Horse-shoe alehouse, to get my master a pint of beer, about a quarter before two o'clock: I heard Mrs. Yeoman cry out for help, on the stairs, in Mrs. Baker's house: I stopped to see what was the matter. I saw the prisoner at the bar push her down stairs; she lay as if she was dead, with no manner of life to be perceived in her.

Q. Did you see him push her down?

Hatchet. I could see his hands somewhere about her breast and neck: he jumped over the bannisters of the stairs, and ran: I cried, Stop thief: he ran directly close to me. I took up the woman.

Q. Did you see the man so as to know him?

Hatchet. I did: I took notice of his face and clothes very plain; he had on the very same clothes as now; only he had no neckcloth on his neck: I think his hat was cocked up all round: the prisoner was pursued; I did not run after him;

he was taken in about four or five minutes in Angel-street: they came presently to me, to let me know that he was taken: I met them bringing him up St. Martin's-le-Grand; there were many people about him; I knew him directly from all the rest, by his face and clothes: I am certain the prisoner is the man; I saw the constable search him: there were twelve keys found in his waistcoat pockets: (Twelve chamber-door keys produced in court.) these are them. We took him before Sir John Fielding : Sir John asked him what trade he was? he said he was a thief. Sir John asked him how long he had been one? he said, not above seven years. Sir John asked him where he was born? he said he did not know. Sir John asked him what countryman he was? he said he did not know.

Francis Flury . I am a fan-stick maker. I live in Newgate-street, and went into Maiden-lane to buy some files at the ironmongers, on the 30th of July last; returning home, going up Angel-street, somebody in St. Martin's-le-Grand called Stop him, stop him; I turned about and saw the prisoner come running; he cry'd, Stop him, stop him: seeing there was nobody but he and I, I thought it must be either myself or the prisoner that must be stopped; seeing the people in a body turning up out of St. Martin's-le-Grand, I turned short, and laid fast hold on the prisoner: he went to strike at me with his right hand, but he was so out of breath that he could not. Then I let him go, and ran after him, and got hold of him again, and held him till the people came to my assistance. Hatchet came up among the rest; he said, this is the man. I saw the prisoner searched afterwards, and twelve keys taken out of his pockets. I was before Sir John Fielding ; he asked him what countryman he was? he said he did not know. He asked him where he was born? he said he did not know. He asked him what trade he was? he said he was a thief. He asked him how long he had been one? he said about seven years, or seven years, I don't know which.

Andrew Weggoe . I was coming up the passage, and the prisoner jumped over the bannisters and ran against me: I was behind the first evidence when he called stop thief: I saw him after he was taken, and twelve keys taken out of his pockets: this was in about four or five minutes after he ran against me. I was before Sir John Fielding ; Sir John asked him what trade he was? if he had any friends? where he served his time? he said he did not know. He asked him how long he had been in this thieving way? he said about seven years.

Q. Did you hear him say he was a thief?

Weggoe. No, I did not.

James Johnson . I am constable; I was at the Black Lion; I heard the words Stop thief; I came to the door and saw Williams run by me as fast as ever he could: I went after him, but could not run so fast as he: when I came to the corner of Angel-street, the mob were bringing him back: I took him in charge, and carried him to the round-house; I searched his pockets; there I found twelve keys loose: I heard the Justice ask him what business he was of? he said, no trade. The Justice asked him how long he had gone on in that way of life? he said, not above seven years. He asked him if he had any accomplices? he said, he knew some, but he would discover none of them.

Mary Riley . I lodge at Ann Baker 's. I was out of the house about an hour, at a neighbour's: I came to see what was the matter, hearing a great out-cry. I saw Mrs. Yeoman lying on the floor; I asked what was the matter? they told me there had been a thief in her room that had knocked her down, and he was run down St. Martin's-le-Grand: I saw the prisoner's back, but soon lost fight of him; he might be upwards of an hundred yards from me, running as hard as he could. I went and turned up Angel-street; there I saw the people had hold of him: he dropt a bunch of keys; I saw them in the corner of his frock, and saw him drop them; I took them up; ( Fourteen keys produced in court.) those are like them, I delivered them out of my hand.

Q. to prosecutor. What are your goods worth?

Prosecutor. I have wore the cloth coat but very little; it cost me above 3 l.

Q. Is it now worth half the money?

Prosecutor. It is; the sattin waistcoat is worth a crown; the leather breeches cost me 25 s. and they are not a shilling the worse for wearing. I have no doubt but they are now worth 20 s. the stocking are worth above a shilling; the hat is worth 7 s.

Mrs. Yeoman. The cloth cardinal is worth a crown.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of the things.

Guilty . Death .

Susannah Bedell.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-41
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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522. (L.) Susannah, wife of Henry Bedell , was indicted for stealing one chair, value 1 s. the property of William Gascoyne . and one hempen sack, value 1 s. the property of John Richmond , May 7 .

The prosecutor were called, and did not appear.

Acquitted .

After which, two women made affidavit, that Mr. Gascoyne owned in their hearing, that he indicted the prisoner on purpose because she was saucy, and had kept her in prison two sessions; upon which, a copy of the indictment was granted against him.

Elizabeth Winter, Margaret Clink.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-42
VerdictNot Guilty

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523, 524. (M.) Elizabeth Winter , and Margaret Clink , spinsters , were indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, value 5 s. and a pair of flat irons, value 1 s. the property of Rebecca Green , widow , July 30 . ++

Both Acquitted .

Edward Robinson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-43
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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525.(M.) Edward Robinson was indicted for stealing one looking-glass with a mahogany frame, value 2 s. three pair of woollen blankets, value 20 s. one yard of bays, value 1 s. and a cloth jacket, value 2 s. the property of Alexander Sharp , in the dwelling-house of the said Alexander , July 15 . *

Alexander Sharp . I live in Upper Well-alley, in the parish of St. John's, Wapping . The prisoner came to my house, on the 13th of July, recommended by a publican for a bed for a night; he came at ten at night: I let him a bed, and he lay in it two nights; the third night, I lighted him to bed, and pulled the door to after me; he took the key withinside, and locked himself in. The next morning, I found he had torn the sheets to pieces, to make a rope to let himself down from the window; they were on the outside: I went and broke open the door, and missed the things mentioned in the indictment: the sash at which he got out, was left open, which was before fastened down within side: he was taken at Newington-butts the last of August. I found none of my things again but the jacket, which he had on his back: the justice ordered it to be taken off when he went to goal. He would confess nothing: (the jacket produced): I have wore it many a hundred leagues at sea.

Mary, his wife, confirm'd the account he had given.

Edward Butler . I remember the prisoner being at Mr Sharp's, the Friday, Saturday, and Sunday night; he and the things mentioned were missing. On the Monday after that, I saw him at Rotherhithe with the jacket on; I knowing it, followed him to the Elephant and Castle, at Newington-butts, where I took him.

John Ransom . On the last of August, Edward Butler came to my house, and said, he had dodg'd the prisoner from Dock-head to Newington, and he was sitting on a bench, at the Elephant and Castle; he desired I would go and assist in taking him. I went, and he was then gone towards the Dog and Duck: I went and stopped him: Butler asked him where he had that jacket? he said, he bought it for half a crown. Butler said, it was his landlord's: we brought him back to the Elephant and Castle: Mr. Sharp came there, and owned it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought the jacket in Ratcliff highway, of a waterman: I have advertised that waterman several times, and can get no account of him.

Guilty, 30 s . T .

There was another indictment against him for a single felony.

Thomas Hands, John Hands.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-44

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526, 527, Thomas Hands and John Hands were indicted, for that they, on the 17th of August , about the hour of two in the night, the dwelling-house of John Whitby did break and enter, and stealing seven linen aprons, value 7 s. five table-cloths, value 12 s. four shifts, value 10 s. five sheets, value 10 s. two damask napkins, value 2 s. one other shift, value 2 s. the property of the said John; and five shirts, value 5 s. the property of Joseph Capareena , Esq ; in the dwelling-house of the said John . ++

John Whitby . My town-house is in Mount-street, my country-house is at Hammersmith; part of my family reside there. On Saturday, the 18th of last month, my wife told me the room door was broke open, and all the linen the maid had been ironing was gone; I went up to the room, and found the door broke; the staple of the lock was lying on the floor: it appeared to me to have been forced open with an iron bar, or poker; the part was very much bruised: in a day or two after, the landlord of the house where the two brothers at the bar lived, told me he was suspicious his lodgers were the persons that had robbed me: that night

they were up and down stairs several times: after that, we got intelligence of a box of linen, sent to a soldier, an acquaintance of theirs, at Westminster. It was found, and my maid swore the linen to be my property.

Mary Perrin . I am servant to Mr. Whitby. On the Friday, I left the door double locked, and in the morning of the 18th, between seven and eight, I found it broke, and standing wide open, and all the linen that I had left on the horse, was taken away. I observed the lock lying broke: I saw the linen at the justice's, about a fortnight after; it is here in court, my master's property.

William Lock . On Saturday morning, just before two o'clock, I was awake, and heard the clock strike; the two prisoners went down stairs; (they, their father and mother, two sisters, and a younger brother, lodge at my house in two rooms) the two prisoners went out at the fore-door, and pulled the door fast after them: they came in again about ten minutes before three, and their younger brother went down stairs to let them in, (I heard this): they came in, and shut the door after them, and came up stairs; one of them was seemingly heavy loaded; that is the soldier, named Thomas; the other is a cripple: they staid above, till just after three; then they went down again, and went out: one seemed to be heavy loaded, as they went down. The next day, I heard Mr. Whitby's house was broke open; I went, and let him into the light of what had passed: I was before the justice, when the maid swore to the linen.

William Thompson . I live in Long-ditch, Westminster. (A box of linen produced in court.) I believe this box is the same that was brought to me one Saturday morning, about three weeks ago, at a quarter before six o'clock; when the soldier, Thomas Hands , came to exercise, they were both together, and desired I would put it by for him, till he had done exercise. I took and carried it to my room; after exercise, they did not come for it, which gave me a suspicion; I applied to Serjeant Shaw, belonging to the same company that he did, who desired I would carry it to his house, till farther enquiry could be made. I did, and delivered it to him.

Serjeant Shaw. The last witness told me of the box on the Monday, and it was brought to me on the Saturday: he said, he suspected it was full of stolen linen, that he could see linen on the top of it, and desired he might leave it at my house, least he should be suspected of receiving stolen goods. I desired him to bring it to my house; (this is the box that is here produced); it has been in my custody ever since.

Prosecutor. There was some of the linen taken out of the box, and pawned, and Justice Welch sent for it.

William Thompson The prisoner, Thomas Hand , brought some things to me, and said, his mother was in great necessity, and desired me to take a table-cloth to pawn: I carried that and a shirt to pawn; he wanted me to go with the other things, but I said, I did not care to be concerned with any more things, and desired him to go with me to the pawnbroker, and have every thing wrote down in his own name; this was after he brought the box, these he had loose, which he brought at two or three times, in his pocket: the box was never opened, after it was with me.

Q. What did he bring loose?

Thompson. A tea-chest he brought the very day he came with the box; a shirt he brought two days afterwards; and after that, another shirt and a table-cloth: he said, the box of linen was all his own.

Q. Did you pawn any thing else?

Thompson. I pawned a shirt.

Court. You might know that was not his own.

Thompson. My little girl pawned that. When I desired him to go, and have the things in his own name, he took a shirt away with him then.

Q. Who had the money that these things were pawned for?

Thompson. He had every farthing of it: he did not take them in his own name, because he had not money.

M. Perrin. There is a ruffled shirt of my master's, a shift, three aprons, a stock, and a pair of round robbins missing.

Q. to Thompson. Upon your oath, do you know any thing of these things, or either of them, that are missing?

Thompson. Upon my oath, I do not.

Thomas Hands . There was one shirt he said he pawned for 3 s. and when we came to the pawnbroker's, I found it was pawned for 4 s. and he kept one himself.

William Hands . This young woman was ironing of cloaths; I went to bed, and my two brothers went out at the door; it was not two o'clock: they came in again a little after three, and brought in half a bag full of things, and brought them up stairs, and put them in a box, and set off for London in the morning, a little after three.

Q. What did they bring in the bag?

W. Hands. It was linen. My brother watched the maid as she was ironing: I saw him watch her, till she had done.

Q. Where was you then?

W. Hands. I was then in bed: our house faces the laundry. When they brought the linen in, they said they had it from over the way; the box is my father's box.

Thomas Hands's Defence.

I am very sorry for it. Last Saturday 3 weeks, I was ordered for exercise: I got up in the morning, being ordered between two and three: coming along the road, I picked up a bag and some linen in it; I returned back again to my lodgings, and put it all in a box: I nailed it up, and brought it to London, and left it for Thompson to take care of, expecting it to be advertised. I went to my exercise, and bid him not break it open: he said, he would take care of it: I came home in the evening, and my father, mother, and brother were in bed.

John Hands 's Defence.

I was along with him when he carried the box, but I never touched it all the way: he said, he picked it up in the road; I knew nothing of it before. I said, what will you do with it? said he, I will leave it at a friend's house; perhaps it will be advertised: he said, this Thompson, the soldier, was his friend, and he left it with him; then he went to exercise, and staid all the day, and told the soldier he would come another day for it.

Both guilty . Death .

John Fenley.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-45

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528. (M.) John Fenley was indicted for stealing three shirts, value 3 s. and one linen waistcoat, value 1 s. the property of John Gallaley ; two shirts, value 2 s. the property of Wm Watt ; three shirts, value 3 s. the property of Joseph Collingwood , and two shirts, value 2 s. the property of George McCarr , August 17 . *

Anne Dempster . The prisoner lodged in my house about five months: I missed this linen mentioned in the indictment, on the 16th of August, (mentioning them, with their respective owners); they were left in my care: I found one of the shirts in the prisoner's room: I sent for a constable, and found another on his back: I took him then into custody, and found he had pawned the rest to Mrs. Golding.

Anne Golding . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner pledged two cheque shirts, a white one, a ruffled one, and a waistcoat, at my house, the 21st of July, the cheque one the 27th, and the ruffled one the 15th of August. (Produced in court).

Dempster. The ruffled one belongs to William Watt , the waistcoat to Gallaley, and the cheque one to McCarr. They are all marked.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took them out of necessity.

Guilty , T .

John Robinson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-46

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529. (M.) John Robinson was indicted, for that he, on the King's highway, on Charles Downs did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and violently taking from his person, one silk handkerchief, value 2 s. eleven guineas, and three shillings in money, his property , September 6 . *

Charles Downs . I am a sea-faring man, in the merchant's service . I never knew the prisoner before last Thursday was se'nnight; that day I was coming from Ratcliff-highway, and going towards Saltpetre-bank, in the night, between eleven and twelve o'clock, alone: the last house I was in, was the Boatswain and Call, in Ratcliff-highway. When I came on the Bank, at the corner of the house, by a post, there was the prisoner and three women; they asked me where I was going? I told them to the Black-boy, to get some beer.

Q. How far was this from the Black Boy?

Downs. It was about half a furlong, or not so far: they asked me if I would give them any beer? I said, yes, if they would go along with me: one of the women took me by the arm, and the prisoner walked after me. He stepped before me; I went to stop at the second door, facing the Glasshouse, but they would not let me: that woman and he pulled me down; I cried out, and the woman clapped her hand over my mouth, that I should not make a noise; he had hold on me at the time; I got up again, and we walked along till we came to the Black-Boy ; and, instead of letting me go into the house, they dragged me into the alley, that goes into the yard, on the back part of the house: they got me into the necessary-house, and got me down: they were all in company.

Q. How far is it from the enterance of the alley, to the necessary-house?

Downs. It is about as far as this court-room is wide: they would have pulled my breeches off, but I would not let them. The prisoner put his hand into my right side pocket, and took out eleven guineas and some silver, three or four shillings.

Q. How near the enterance of the alley is the door of the house?

Downs. That is close to the corner.

Q. Did you perceive the door to be open?

Downs. No; but I saw a light in the front of the house: I did not go by the window; the alley is before I came to the window.

Q. When had you seen the eleven guineas last?

Downs. I had them about nine o'clock the same night; I put them in a piece of paper, and put them into my pocket.

Q. How came you by so much money?

Downs. I was just come from a voyage, and had received 6 l. of it for wages that day, of John Ware ; I have the note here to shew. I had the other money along with me: I use the coal trade. After he got my money, he took me by the waistband of my breeches and the collar, to put me down the necessary-house: I catched hold of his hair, and pulled him down, and got upon him: the women turned me off again, and he got up, and he and the women walked away.

Q. How came you to be so passive while he was taking the money?

Downs. The women got hold of me, and held me.

Q. How far is the necessary house from the alehouse?

Downs. It is not the length of this room from it.

Q. Did you cry out, when you was by the side of the house?

Downs. No, I did not. I did not think they were going to take my life then.

Q. Did you call out, when in the necessary-house?

Downs. Yes, I did; but then they clapped their hands upon my mouth.

Q. What did you suppose were their intentions when they had you under them upon the ground, before you came there?

Downs. I thought they were some whores, and that they wanted to get me into their house to lodge.

Q. Was you sober?

Downs. I was.

Q. What did you do after they left you?

Downs. Then I went into a house facing the back part of the Black-boy, and pulled my breeches and stockings off, and the people took and washed them. I did not go in at the Black-boy, till I had been in bed, and got my things cleaned: that might be about ten hours after. The next day, I took the prisoner in White Lyon street, Rosemary-lane; there was another man along with him, and two women: I took hold of him, and said, he was my prisoner. He went to strike at me, and asked me what I wanted with him? I said, he had robbed me. I let him go, and bid a man take care of him, while I went and got a constable: the people cry'd, Hold him fast, for he is an old offender. I went and got Oliver Smith , who took him into custody, and carried him to Justice Pell, who said, Are you come again? Pray where was you that night this man was robbed? he said, he was in a public house, and had a pint of beer; and after that, he walked about the streets all night: the prisoner asked me what cloaths he had on at the time? I said, he had on a white frock: he said he bought some cloaths the day after I said I was robbed. The justice asked him how he got the money? to which he made no answer.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Downs. The moon shone very bright, and it was star-light: I observed the face of the prisoner; I took great notice of him.

Q. Did not the woman that led you along pick your pocket?

Downs. No, she did not offer to do it.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Downs. I believe I have seen him many times before, but I cannot be certain of that; yet I could have known him, was I to have seen him in the farthest part of the world, be he in what dress he would.

Q. Do you know any of the women?

Downs. No, I do not.

Oliver Smith . I am a constable. The prisoner was given in charge to me by the prosecutor last Friday: I carried him to Justice Pell; I searched him, and found but two-pence three farthings about him: he was committed, is all I know.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was drinking in Whitechapel. Coming down Red-lion-street, I met a couple of girls, and they ran down to this sailor: this gentleman came to me, and five or six sailors; they began to use me very ill: I said, can't you take me before the justice, or a constable. He took me to a house, where were five or six constables; they would not take me in charge. Mr. Smith took me in custody, and carried me before Mr. Pell.

Guilty of the robbery in the necessary-house . Death .

See him tried last Sessions, No. 415. for robbing Robert Wittingdale on the highway.

Caelia Ward.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-47

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530. (M.) Caelia Ward , spinster , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 6 s. one callimancoe petticoat, value 8 s. one shift, value 4 s. and one shirt, value 12 d. the property of Thomas Ditchford . August 3 . *

Anne Ditchford . My husband's name is Thomas. The prisoner's father is a painter, and lives in my house: they turned her out, on account of her not doing as they would have her. My sheets were missing the last day of July, and the petticoat on the Friday following, and the shirt and shift about the beginning of August. I have found all again, except the shirt, at Mr. Brewin's, a pawnbroker. (Produced in court, and deposed to).

John Jones . I am servant to Mr. Brewin. I took in these things of the prisoner at the bar; the shift the 1st of August, the petticoat the 3d, and the sheets the 30th of July.

Mr. Randall. I was charged with the prisoner, and took her before Mr. Alderman Cokayne: she was charged with this offence: she said she did do it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of them indeed.

Guilty . T .

Susannah Williams.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-48
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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531. (L.) Susannah wife of George Williams was indicted for stealing one dollar, value 4 s. 6 d. and forty-five shillings in money, numbered, the property of John Foss , in the dwelling-house of the said John , May 23 . *

John Foss . I keep a grocer's shop , in the Fleet-market ; the prisoner lives opposite me, in Bear-alley. She came the 22d of May, to clean out our dining-room and bedchamber; in the dining-room is a closet, in which was locked up, in a purse, four crown pieces, six half crowns, ten shillings in silver, and a silver dollar, value 4 s. 6 d. I had seen it the night before, and locked the closet-door. She was cleaning the dining-room; next morning, about eight or nine o'clock, my wife asked me for the key of the closet, to have that cleaned out.

Q. In what part of the closet did your money lie?

Foss. The purse was on the floor; I gave her the key: the next day, I went up, and missed my money. My wife said, perhaps you have put it somewhere else; and said, I dare say the prisoner was honest; so it passed on, till hearing of a little misdemeanor she had done, I went and charged her with taking my money; she said, she never had seen it; at last she owned she had bought a gown in Holborn with some of the silver: it cost nine shillings: I got a constable, and gave him charge of her; the constable told her, if she would not tell what she had done with the dollar, she must go to Newgate: then she said she would tell what she had done with it; and said, that she had pawned it to Adam Cane 's Wife, for four shillings.

Sarah Foss . I am wife to the prosecutor: the prisoner was cleaning our house the 22d of May. I put the key in the closet door, and said, if she found any things in the closet, to put them in their places again: I thought she was a very honest woman: she having found two or three things in cleaning some time before, and delivered them to me: after my husband told me he missed the money, I looked in the closet; there was no money there.

Q. Was any other person in the dining-room at that time?

S. Foss. There was nobody in the house but my husband and she and I.

Adam Cane. I am a victualler in the Fleet-market: about six or seven weeks ago, the prisoner came to my spouse with the prosecutor: she said, Mrs. Cane, let me have that dollar which you have for the four shillings: my spouse produced it: the prisoner said, that is the dollar which was in the purse.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to clean the rooms once, and found a Queen Elizabeth 27 s. piece, which I delivered to them, and another time I found a purse of silver buttons, which I delivered also, and a paper of thread. I found this purse with the money in the yard, out at a door which opens into the churchyard.

Guilty, 39 s . T .

Henry Germain.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-49

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532 (L.) Henry Germain was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of John Taylor , August 7 . *

John Taylor . I was coming over London-bridge on the 7th of August: a sailor came by a little after me, and said, your pocket is pick'd: I put my hand in my pocket, and missed my handkerchief (it was a linen one); he said he would let me know the man, if I would follow him: he went to the foot of the bridge and pointed to the prisoner at the bar, and said, That is the man.

I went directly to him, and said, you are my prisoner: he began to us e vile expressions; I said it did not signify. I brought him to Mr. Wood's in the Borough; a constable was sent for; he was searched; I took my handkerchief myself out of his pocket when I took him on the bridge; then he said he had got never a handkerchief about him.

Samuel Gardner . I am a constable; I was sent for by Mr. Wood to take charge of the prisoner: there were seven other handkerchiefs taken out of his pocket; the prisoner said he found them. (Produced in court.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been loading two carts of tea at Bottle-wharf; going up the gate-way, I saw two boys hiding something behind the gate; there I went and found them all tied up together. I put them in my apron; my wife lying-in, I was going over the water to my father; he said he would give me something to help her: I work by the water-side: I never wronged any body in my life.

Guilty . T .

See the trial of Crane, No. 477. in the First Part.

Richard Harman.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-50

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533. (L.) Richard Harman was indicted, together with Eleanor Holmes , not taken, for stealing a woollen blanket, value 7 s. a sheet, value 7 s. a yard of green bays, value 1 s. and a pewter plate, value 1 s. the property of William Shalleross , in a certain lodging-room let by contract, &c . December 11 . *

See him tried for stealing the same goods, with others, &c. No. 467. in last Sessions paper; the evidence on this the same as on the former; with this addition, That the prisoner when before the Justice acknowledged he knew of the taking the things out of the lodging-room.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Foster, James Logan.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-51
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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534, 535. (M.) Thomas Foster was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. and 140 l. in money, numbered, the property of Richard Kennedy , in the dwelling house of the said Richard , and James Logan , for receiving 6 l. 19 s. 9 d. part of the said money, well knowing it to have been stolen , September 3 . ++

Richard Kennedy . I live at Cock-hill in the parish of Stepney . I am a cabinet maker . Thomas Foster was a journeyman that worked with me: on Monday was se'ennight, about 11 o'clock, he was at work above in the upper shop with me; I sent him down for a tool that I wanted; he staid longer than I thought necessary; I imagined he might have been gone backwards: at the time he was below, a gentleman's servant came and knocked at the door, with a letter for me; but instead of letting him in, he came up with the tool I sent him for: I went down, and took the letter, and looked into it: while I was below, he came down stairs and went out; I had not been below above fifteen minutes, but I missed him; I seeing things in the shop in some disorder, I went into the back-shop, and could not see him; I went down stairs and asked my sister whether she saw him go out? she said, no. Upon the disorder I saw the things in, I ran to my desk, and found it open.

Q. In what part of your house is your desk?

Kennedy. It stands in a lower room, just behind my shop; the stairs go down into the room; I looked in it, and missed the drawer where I used to put my money: I ran out directly, and called to some porters that were drinking at a public house, and asked them if they saw him? ( they all knew him) they said, no. He went out with a waistcoat without sleeves: I went to his lodging; the people there said he had not been there: I told the porters what I had lost; they went in pursuit of him.

Q. What did you miss?

Kennedy. I missed near 200 l. not above 1 l. or 2 l. more or less, and a silver watch. I went in pursuit of him. I met a little lad, of whom I enquired; he told me he met such a person enquiring for Stepney-fields. Then I took a turn round rag-fair, thinking he would go and buy clothes, and desired the people, if any such person came to buy clothes, to stop him and send for me. I could hear nothing of him: I went to Sir John Fielding , but could hear nothing of him: that day. The next day I heard there had been such a man enquiring for the first West-India-man going out; but that I found, upon farther enquiry, not to be him: I took horse, and went down to Gravesend, in order to search all outward bound ships; I could hear nothing of him; I went to bed; in about a quarter of an hour after, a man that I had sent to enquire about, came and told me there had been such a man that had bought slops, shirts, jackets, and things, and was gone down to Chatham. I went down to Chatham immediately. When I came there, the people at the Horn were

in bed; I was obliged to inn at the Globe; I told the landlady the reason of my riding so late; she said, she believed she had two such men as I had described that came there and were in bed.

Q. What other man besides the prisoner did you describe?

Kennedy. I was told that Logan and he had been seen several times together, and I had enquired at Logan's lodgings, and he was gone. I desired of the landlady to see the men; then it was much about twelve at night. She said I was to lie in the room adjoining to where they lay: I went up; and there I saw the two prisoners in bed together; I seized Foster directly; he was for getting up; he took hold of the knee of his breeches, there tumbled out ten guineas in gold and silver from his pocket: the landlady went and called the hostler; and he called four soldiers that were quartered in the house: I asked Foster, Where was my watch and the rest of my money? he said, D - n you, don't you know your own watch. There was a watch hanging by the bed-side. When he took it there was no string to it, and then it had one, and a silver seal to it. I told the landlord, on the dial-plate was Clay, London; and in the inside was C. Clay, and I believed there was no number: when I looked upon it, it appeared to be my watch: he would not confess to any more money that night. I then applied myself to Logan, and desired to know what money he had got? he put his hand in his pocket and gave me a guinea and a half, and a five and threepenny piece: I said, is that all? he said, yes. We took them to the marine guard, and kept them there till morning. We went to their lodging again; there Foster took a key out and opened a chest, and in the till were eleven half crowns; in another corner of the chest was a bag of gold and silver, which with the other amounted to 86 l. and upwards. They acknowledged it to be my money: then we had them before a Justice at Chatham; the Justice took and sealed up the money, with the watch, and delivered them to the constable, to be brought with the prisoners to London. When we came back to the Globe, we ask'd them if there was any more money? they would not own to any more. The Gentleman searched them separately, and took out of the shirts of Logan's coat two thirty-six shilling-pieces, a guinea, and some silver, which amounted to 5 l. 3 s. I brought them to London, and the watch and money sealed up; and delivered it at the examination before Justice Berry to the constable; they acknowledged before the Justice that the money was mine; and Foster acknowledged there that he took it. I have the key here, that I found in his breeches that he had on when he went off, in his chest that we brought from Chatham; his clothes were in the chest: that key he owned he made use of to open the Lock; I have tried it, and it will lock and unlock my desk.

Walter Rigby . I am the constable to whom the watch and money were delivered; (producing them in a paper sealed up. The prosecutor takes them in his hand and opens the paper.)

Prosecuter. This is my watch; this lay in the same drawer where my money lay: Foster acknowledged he took the drawer out; I asked him what he had done with it? he said the drawer was in my own house: I asked him where? he said, in the wash-house. It was found in the wash-house, under the step of the stairs.

Q. to Rigby. Did you hear the prisoners own to any thing?

Rigby. I heard Foster confess before Justice Berry that he took the money and watch.

Q. Did he say where he had taken it from?

Rigby. No, he did not.

Foster's Defence.

I came down stairs; the watch and money were lying loose in the bureau, and the desk was open.

Foster Guilty . Death .

Logan Acquitted .

Sarah Rous.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-52

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536. (M.) Sarah Rous , Spinster , was indicted for stealing six ounces of silk, value 9 s. the property of Henry Colmer , September 4 . ++

Henry Colmer . I live in Great Pearl-street Spittal fields , and am a weaver . I delivered to Mary Harris upwards of two pounds of silk: on the 4th of September she came to me and asked me if I would prosecute the prisoner? she brought the silk home; there wanted more than six ounces, but I have laid the indictment for only six ounces. Mary Harris can give a farther account.

Marry Harris. The prisoner came into my house to see a child of mine that lay dying: she would treat me with a dram, she said, if I would go for it; I went for a quartern of gin; (this was the fourth of September) when I returned I miss'd three knots of silk: I went to her and told her, if she would return it, there should be no farther trouble; she called me names, and wondered I could say such a thing: after that she owned that

she took the silk and gave it to another woman.

Rachel Weller . Mrs. Rous took and put some silk under my cloak, and said she wanted to get something for her children.

Q. When was this?

R. Weller. This was the same night that she took it. I carried and sold it for her for half a crown and three-pence. I had no money for it that night.

Q. Who did you sell it to?

R. Weller. I sold it to Mr. Merryman. It was known the next day, and the officer went with me to his house, and he gave me the half crown and three-pence, and I delivered the money into the officer's hands.

Prisoner. Who is my prosecutor?

Court. Mr. Colmer is.

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked it up between the door and the entry, and gave it to that woman; she said, she knew what to do with it; for, my Lord, she is an old offender; she had a shilling that night, and the next morning she went for the rest of the money.

For the prisoner.

Thomas Satchwell . I know the prisoner; she is a distant relation; we are not particularly acquainted; I believe she used to pawn silk; she was always very honest as far as ever I heard. I believe she is very poor.

Guilty . T .

Thomas Fowler.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-53

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537. (M.) Thomas Fowler was indicted for stealing 12 pieces of buckram, value 5 l. the property of Thomas Lamb .

Thomas Lamb . The prisoner is my apprentice : I live in Sword-bearer's Alley, Chiswell-street : I am a buckram maker ; I have been robbed for a great while past; we work for a great many people; we work upon other people's goods. I was at Mr. Brooks's one day; the man came back with a piece short: he said, I doubt you have some people about you that are thieves; there is a piece-broker in Morefields can sell buckram cheaper than he could; that his name was Hodskins . I went there; his wife was within: I asked if she had any buckram to sell? she said she had no whole pieces: she shewed me some; I saw my stamps on some of them: I asked her where she bought them? at last, she said she bought them of a taylor that lived hard by, named Ingram. I went to Ingram, and asked him how he came by them? he said he bought them of my apprentice, the prisoner at the bar.

Q. Is Ingram here?

Lamb. No, he is not. I went back again to the piece-broker, and got a constable, and took my young man up: we found all these pieces at the broker's; the man delivered them up to me. The prisoner owned before the Justice, that he took the pieces and sold them to Ingram.

Q. Were the pieces produced before the Justice at that time?

Lamb. They were. (Produced in court.)

Q. How many yards may there be of it?

Lamb. Here may be about 50 or 60 yards. I did not lay them all in the indictment.

Q. Was that a voluntary confession?

Lamb. He made the confession freely.

George Wood . I am clerk to Mr. Lamb: I know these pieces to be my master's property by the stamps: I heard the prisoner confess before several people in Bridewell, that he had cut them, and sold them to Ingram the taylor: part of them are stamped.

Q. How do you know he meant these pieces?

Wood. He had seen these pieces when before the Justice: he had owned before that, that he had cut two pieces of brown.

Q. Where did he own that?

Wood. That was in my master's house, before he was taken up.

Joseph Hodskins . I am a piece-broker; I live in Moorfields: I bought the pieces here produced of Ingram a taylor, at different times.

Q. Is he a master taylor?

Hodskins. He is, and keeps a man or two at work.

Q. Is he a house-keeper?

Hodskins. No, he is only a lodger.

Q. What quantities have you bought of him?

Hodskins. I believe I have bought three or four yards at a time, and about half a dozen times.

Q. Where is Ingram?

Hodskins. He is run away.

Q. Did you ever take any pains to find him?

Hodskins. I have.

Prisoner's Defence.

My master brought the two pieces of brown, to know if I knew them: I knew them to be his by the marks. He took and sent me to Bridewell.

For the Prisoner.

Jonathan Buckley . I have known the prisoner sixteen or seventeen years: he was the best child I ever saw in my life.

Robert Child . I have known him from five years old.

Q. What is his general character?

Child. I never knew or heard a child have a better character in my life. I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Margaret Jourdan . I am a neighbour to the lad's master; I know nothing that is bad of his character indeed: he has a very good character in the neighbourhood.

Charles James . I have known him upwards of fourteen years: he has bore as good a character ever since I knew him, and as well behaved a lad as ever I saw in my life.

Mr. Thatchwell. I have known him twelve years; he had always a very good character.

James Fowler . I have known him ten years; he is an honest quiet lad as ever was born.

Guilty . T .

Anne Fanside.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-54

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538. (M.) Anne Fanside , spinster , was indicted for stealing a silver pint mug, value 4 l. one silver saucepan, value 12 s. one silver pap-boat, value 6 s. one silver table spoon, value 6 s. one silver pap-spoon, value 1 s. one silver coral, value 20 s. one silver watch, value 5 l. and one gold ring, set with garnets , the property of John Buckee , September 4 . ++

John Buckee . I live in Primrose-street . I am an entering arnest-maker, in the weaving-trade : the prisoner was my servant a fortnight and a day; she went away on Tuesday, the 4th of this inst. without leave, and never returned. I missed the goods directly from out of my house.

Q. From what part of the house?

Buckee. From different parts of the house. (He mentioned them by name.)

Q. When had you seen them last?

Buckee. I saw the watch and gold ring that very morning on the dressing-table, when I got up. My wife came to me, where I am in partnership, and told me the girl was gone away, and had taken a bag of money with her: when I came home, I found she had robbed me of these things: after that, my wife found she had taken several of her wearing apparel, which I have not laid in the indictment. I went to Goldsmiths-hall, and had some bills distributed; and we have recovered the plate and all the things again: the plate was found in the prisoner's lodging. ( The plate produced and deposed to.)

Thomas Peal . I took her on Saffron-hill; she confessed she had robbed her master; she had this ring upon her finger; she gave it to me; she had the spoon about her: she stripped herself, and pulled off her mistress's gown, and put on a gown of her own; then she told me where she lodged; there I found the plate: it was in Tash-street, Gray's-Inn Lane.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not intend to make away with them, but to bring them to the gentleman. I was very much in liquor: it is my first fault.

Guilty . T .

John Mather.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-55
VerdictNot Guilty

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539. (M.) John Mather was indicted for receiving two hempen sacks, value 4 s. and eight bushels of malt, value 27 s. the property of Jonathan Saunders , well knowing the same to have been stolen by Joseph Dimmock .

John Oliver Jones produced a copy of the record of the trial and conviction of Joseph Dimmock , last Surry assize, at Guildford, which he deposed he examined with the original, with the clerk of the home circuit.

It was read; wherein it appeared, that Joseph Dimmock was tried the 23d of August last, for stealing the said sacks and malt. The jury say guilty. He received sentence to be branded, and was branded accordingly.

Jonathan Saunders . I am a corn-lighter man : about the 3d or 4th of May, I missed 8 bushels of malt from out of my vessel lying at Pickle-herring-stairs ; it was clean good malt, worth 27 s. the quarter; that was the lowest it was sold at, at that time: the prisoner Mather did live at the Ferry-house at the Isle of dogs: we went down to apprehend him on the information Dimmock

had given us, when we took him at Portsmouth. When I charged Mather with buying a quarter of malt, my property, he said he might have had sweepings of him; but he did not brew, and had no occasion for malt at all; he threatned what he would do to us; but we took him in a boat, and brought him before justice Clark; we had Dimmock there: the prisoner owned he had bought some malt of three men, but said it was sweepings; and said he never bought any clean corn of them.

Joseph Dimmock gave an account that he, Robert Tull, and John Warner , stole the said malt, and sold it at 12 o'clock at night to the prisoner for 11 s.

The prisoner in his defence owned he had bought sweepings, but denied knowing either the witness, Tull, or Warner. He called Charles Sweetall , Jalm Rand, James Smith , Thomas Man , William Libery , Thomas Abraham Ogear , John More , Rich ard Hill, and Sebastian Liman , who gave him an exceeding good character.

Acquitted .

Robert Tull, John Warner.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-56
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty

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540. (M.) Robert Tull was indicted, for that he, together with John Warner and Thomas Mills , (not taken) stole 5 hempen sacks, value 10 s. and 20 bushels of oats, value 33 s. the property of James Parker , in a certain barge, lying on the river Thames , May 29 . ++

The prosecutor deposed he lost the oats and sacks mentioned, but had no evidence to bring it home to the prisoner besides Dimmock: The court thought it to no purpose to call him.

Acquitted .

He was a second time indicted, together with John Warner , for stealing 9 hempen sacks, value 18 s. and 36 bushels of oats, value 3 l. 7 s. 6 d. the property of John Jacobs , in a certain boat, lying on the river Thames , May 29 . ++

In this, as well as the other, there was no evidence of credit to support the testimony of Dimmock and John Wigerton , who owned themselves to be accomplices in the fact.

He was Acquitted .

Robert Cole, Cornelius Fairbridge.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-57
VerdictsNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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541, 542. (M.) Robert Cole was indicted for stealing 2 hats, value 18 s. 5 ounces of white coney-wool, and one ounce and a half of beaver-wool, value 5 s. the property of William Draper ; and Cornelius Fairbridge for receiving the 2 hats, (part of the said goods) well knowing them to have been stolen , June 24 .

The prosecutor was called and did not appear.

Both Acquitted .

William Clifford.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbert17640912-58
VerdictNot Guilty

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543. (M.) William Clifford was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury , ++

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. James Lacey, Thomas Edwards, Archibald Nelson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbero17640912-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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James Lacey , Thomas Edwards , and Archibald Nelson , capitally convicted in July sessions, were executed on Wednesday, the 15th of August.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. James Lacey, Thomas Edwards, Archibald Nelson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbers17640912-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give Judgement, as follows:

Received sentence of Death, Eight.

Joseph Derbin , John Jourden , otherwise Farrell George Williams, William Hill, John Hands, Thomas Hands, John Robinson , and Thomas Foster .

Transported for fourteen years, One.

James Brooks .

Transportation for seven years, Forty.

Jeremiah Kilbourn , Philip Hockerday , William Crane , John Hart , John Geary , Edward Cook , William Miller , Elizabeth Orroks , Anthony Williamson , Richard Bond , otherwise Clark, John Smith , Charles Jenner , John Brown, Calia Ward, Susannah Williams , Henry Germain , Richard Harman , Henry Bellis , Edward Blake , Susannah Baker , Robert Pool , Samuel Lavis , Anthony Fairwell , John Lovell , Ann Dover , Mary Macrin , Eleanor May , Mary Linakin , Margaret Wade , Eleanor Godard , Isabella Parkhouse, John M'Cleland, Alice Dilly , James Cassell , Matthew Farmer , Edward Robinson , John Fenley , Sarah Rouss , Thomas Fowler , and Ann Fanside .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. James Lacey, Thomas Edwards, Archibald Nelson.
12th September 1764
Reference Numbers17640912-1
SentenceDeath > executed

Related Material

James Lacey , Thomas Edwards , and Archibald Nelson , capitally convicted in July sessions, were executed on Wednesday, the 15th of August.

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