Old Bailey Proceedings.
14th July 1762
Reference Number: 17620714

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
14th July 1762
Reference Numberf17620714-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 14th, Thursday the 15th, Friday the 16th and Saturday the 17th, of JULY, 1762.

In the Second Year of His MAJESTY's Reign; Being the Sixth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir SAMUEL FLUDYER , Bart. LORD MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER VI. for the YEAR 1762.


Printed for and Sold by JOHN RYALL , in Fleet-street.


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Hon. Sir SAMUEL FLUDYER , Bart. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Hon. Sir Thomas Parker , Knt. Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *, the honourable Mr. Justice Bathurst +, Sir Eardley Wilmot, || Knt. Sir William Moreton ++, Knt. Recorder, James Eyre , Esquire, Deputy Recorder; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, +, ||, ++, ~, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M. Middlesex.

London Jury.

John Gibbs ,

William Gates ,

William Reading ,

Francis Hilton ,

Philip Neat ,

Jos Rollo ,

John Wood ,

George Chamberlain ,

John Peast ,

Richard Collins ,

William Ward ,

Percival Philips ,

Middlesex Jury.

Walter Lee ,

William Boorshire ,

Richard Spencer ,

Thomas Gaff ,

George Robinson ,

Francis Sutton ,

James Sheridine ,

James Gaff ,

James Lake ,

Thomas Woodward ,

John Groome ,

John Robertson ,

William Elgar.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-1

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176. (L.) William Elgar , was indicted for stealing one silk purse, value twelve pence, four guineas, one half guinea, and one piece of foreign silver coin, called a Spanish dollar, value four shillings and sixpence , the property of Elizabeth Keene , spinster ||.

Elizabeth Keene . On the 11th of last June I was in Cornhill . A woman picked my pocket of a purse with the several pieces of money mentioned in the indictment. I took hold of her, and called for assistance; on which she gave my purse into the hand of the prisoner, who, as I called out, ran away with it. Mr. Bidicey, who was standing at his shop door, came out and pursued him: he took and brought him back to his shop. I believe he was searched, but nothing found upon him. I have never got my money again. The prisoner attempted to push me down at the time the woman was at my pocket.

Mr. Bidicey This lady called to me, and said she had had her pocket picked. I offered to lay hold of the woman which she had hold of. She said, this woman has delivered it to that man [pointing to the prisoner]. He directly ran away, and I after him. He made down Pope's-Head Alley, and Swithen's-Lane, down Lombard Street, round St. Mary Woolnoth's Church. I took him in a blind alley that leads into Sherborne-Lane. He was never out of my sight, but just as he turned the corners. I told him he must go back with me. He was a good deal frighted. There were several people pursued him as well as myself. I brought him back to the prosecutrix. He was searched, but nothing

thing found upon him that she could own. We found about seven guineas, and a bank note of ten pounds.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of the matter.

For the Prisoner.

Peter Dawson . I have known the prisoner two years and upwards.

Q. What is he?

Dawson. He is an officer in the Marshal's Court. He has done business for me. I never knew him to do any thing bad in my days. He is a man that goes to horse races, and is a dealer in horses. I suppose he is a sporting man.

Q. What are you?

Dawson. I am a salesman in Monmouth-Street. I have made him cloaths.

Q. Did you ever supply him with laced cloaths to go to these places?

Dawson. No, never.

Caleb Dawson. The prisoner has had things of me and my brother: he always paid very honestly.

Thomas Wooley . I have known him four years. He is a very honest man. I keep livery stables. I have bought horses of him. I have had three or four horses to him at a time.

James Murray . I have known him between three and four years. I never heard but that he was a very honest man. Always industrious as far as I know I used to shoe and farrier his horses for him.

Q. Where did he live?

Murray. He did lodge in Gray's Inn-Lane.

William Hogen . I have known him upwards of two or three years. He bore always a good character. He had three horses stood with me upwards of three or four months.

Q. Where do you live?

Hogen. I keep the Horse and Groom in Gray's-Inn-Lane.

Q. Did he use to let these horses out.

Hogen. Not as I know of.

Q. What use did he put them to?

Hogen. He never sold one while they were with me.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Jer Jones.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-2

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177. (M.) Jer Jones , was indicted for stealing one pair of leather boots, value five shillings, and one iron wedge, value twelve pence , the property of Henry Harvey , June 19 || .

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Hall.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-3

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178. (M.) Ann Hall , spinster , was indicted for stealing one flock bed, value eight shillings, one bolster, two linen sheets, one tin kettle, one pair of bellows, and other things, the property of Henry Frances , the same being in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c.

Guilty .

Frances Rawlins.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-4
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment

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179 (M.) Frances Rawlins , spinster , was indicted for stealing seven shillings , the property of John Dean , May 28 .~

John Dean . I live in Brownlow-street by Drury-lane . I understood the prisoner was a watchman's wife. She came to me for her husband as I thought. I paid her a shilling, out of which she spent a penny. The constable pays the watchmen quarterly at my house, and I know nothing but she was the wife of one Newman. She came again, and wanted some more liquor. I had been out: I came in, and was told the prisoner had been at my till. I sent for her; they brought her back. She had some money in her hand, we opened it, and there we found three shillings. I desired to know, how she came by that money? and said it certainly was mine. I sent for a constable, he took her into the yard. Soon after he called me into the yard, and told me, she had confessed she had taken seven shillings. This was the 28th of May.

Richard Gay . I am a constable. I was sent for to the prosecutor to take the prisoner in charge. They told me she had taken some money. She would not own it in the tap room. I took her out into the yard; she then owned she had taken seven shillings out of the till, and delivered three shillings to me, as part of the money. She was in liquor. I carried her before justice Welch, there she begged for mercy, and said, she never did such a thing before.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of it.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

William Carey.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-5
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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180. (M.) William Carey , was indicted for stealing one saw, value sixpence, one spade, value sixpence, one hammer, value two pence, five pictures, value sixpence, and one trowel, value one penny , the property of Lewis Carr , July 1 .~

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Ashford, William Harrison.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-6

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181. (M.) Thomas Ashford and William Harrison were indicted for stealing one cock, value eighteen pence, the property of Thomas Rumbold ;

two hens, value two shillings , the property of Baringarious Chadwick , June 9 .~

Both guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Ring.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-7

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182. (M.) Mary Ring . spinster , was indicted for stealing one walnut tree tea chest, value two shillings, six silver tea-spoons, value ten shillings, two handkerchiefs, value two shillings, and one linen apron , the property of Laurence Crow . July 12 ++ .

Laurence Crow . I once lodged in the prisoner's house. She has been reduced. She came into my house promiscuously. Being destitute of a servant, I took her for her victuals and drink, She had been at my house the Saturday, Sunday, and Monday. She never lay in my house. Last Monday there was a few words among the people in the tap room. She went out of the house at that time. After that I saw a woman with one of my handkerchiefs on; I knew it by the mark. I took her to justice Welch. She said, she bought it of the prisoner at the bar. I took up the prisoner: she owned the fact upon being charged with the things mentioned in the indictment. She had the other handkerchief in her pocket, and the apron on.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Evans.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-8
VerdictNot Guilty

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183. (M.) Sarah Evans , was indicted for stealing two pair of leather pumps, value eight shillings, and one pair of leather shoes, value four shillings , the property of Thomas Partridge , June 28 + .

Thomas Partridge . I am a shoemaker and live in James's-street. I delivered a box of shoes and pumps, at the Bull and Mouth Inn on the 31st of October, eight pair of shoes and pumps. and a pair of boots, directed to Mr. Taylor at Birmingham. There was two pair of pumps and a pair of shoes offered for sale in Holborn, and they were stopped, and were found to be my mark.

Q. Are you sure they are your property?

Partridge. I am sure they are my make, and part of those I sent in the box; the box and all were lost together.

Samuel Maning . I keep the Bull and Mouth Inn; there was a box directed for Mr. Taylor of Birmingham. It was booked with the goods that went from my house to Birmingham, on the 7th of November, 1761. I know nothing of the prisoner.

John Alsworth . I am a cordwainer. The prisoner brought me, on Monday the 28th of June, this pair of pumps [producing one], and a pair of shoes for sale. I asked her how she came by them? She told me, her brother made them in the country: she said, her brother was in Smithfield. I told her to fetch her brother, and if he proved them to be her property, I would deliver them. She went away, and I saw no more of her till July the 7th. I asked her, if she had brought her brother? She said, she had never a brother in the world. She told me, John Roe , a journey man shoemaker of Wolverhampton, gave them to her, and a shilling to bring her up to London; and the same she said before Mr. Welch when he committed her.

Acquitted .

Catherine Bailey.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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184. (M.) Catherine Bailey , spinster , was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value six shillings, one muslin neckcloth, value sixpence, two pair of linen sleeves, value one shilling, three linen napkins, value eighteen pence, two laced caps, value two shillings, one silk handkerchief, value one shilling, one laced handkerchief, value two shillings, the property of Henry Cooley , December 21st + .

Ann Cooley . I am wife to Henry Cooley . I missed some of my goods on the 20th of December last: I missed two shirts (and caps I lost before), and two muslin neckloius, three napkins, two laced caps, a silk handkerchief, and a laced handkerchief. I gave her warning when I missed some money out of a little box. She made an excuse to go out for water. I told her there was none wanted. She ran away, and told me, I should catch her if I had a lighter pair of heels than her. On the 22d I took her. I charged her with two shirts and laced caps: I could not rightly tell then what I had lost. She told me where they were.

Robert Hall. I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner at the bar brought a shirt about this time twelve months; she said it was her mistress's property, and that she sent her. I did not know who her mistress was at that time. She told me her mistress's name was Cooley. I have known the prisoner seven years. There were two neckcloths, and two pair of sleeves brought I believe in August.

A Witness. I am a widow. I went into Mrs. Cooley's for a pint of beer; and the maid and she had had words about the linen. She was going for a pail of water. Her mistress said, there was no need of any. She run out of the door; and Mrs. Cooley cried stop thief. She said, Mrs. Cooley should have a lighter pair of heels than her if she catched her.

Prisoner's Defence.

My mistress had set me to clean the house, and used me very ill. I took up the pail to fetch some water. I said, she should not serve me as she did the day before. I said she had better pay me my wages. I was not six yards from the house the whole time. I

pawned the goods for her, and she redeemed them at her own expence.

Q. to Cooley. Did you ever send her with any thing to pawn?

Ann Cooley . I sent her with one handkerchief, cap, and apron, two years ago, and nothing else.

Mr. Wilson. I am the constable that took up the prisoner. The fir st time I took her up, they made it up: she was charged at that time with two caps and some shirts: she stood it out that Mrs. Cooley gave her the things to pawn for herself, and on that they made it up; and Mrs. Cooley fetched them out of pawn at her own expence; she lived servant with her at the time, and they turned her away; and finding more things missing, I had a warrant against her; I believe that was two months afterwards. She insisted that her mistress sent her with the things to pawn the first time; but the second time she did not say much about it. I believe she said her mistress sent her with these to pawn; and she said the reason that she did not mention these before was, that in her fright she had forgot them. She did not say she had taken them but by her mistress's consent. She told me there was due forty shillings for wages: she did not mention it before Mrs. Cooley.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Freeman.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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185. (M.) Elizabeth Freeman , was indicted for stealing three books, value two shillings , the property of Cefas Salter , July 1st +.

Cefas Salter. I am a bookseller , and live in Gray's-Inn passage, Red-lyon Square. I bought three books a fortnight ago of Mr. Wade, and one of them was sold to him again the next day.

John Wade . I sold them on the Friday, and bought them again on the Tuesday following: having more in the shop, I did not know that these were the same I had sold when I bought them.

Q. Did you ask her where she got them?

Wade. She said, she had a brother that lived at Chatham, that had bought them in the country, and sent them to her. I have bought odd volumes of her for three or four months, one a week or so.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going through Queen-Street, and looked at two story books; when I was going away, he stopt me and brought me into the shop; and told his wife to search me. He brought in a book, and said I had conveyed it from under my petticoat. He carried me before justice Welch, and he committed me to Bridewell.

For the Prisoner.

John Pearson . I have know her about seven years, and during that time she always behaved honest and well; she lived with her father, and did his houshold work.

Q. Has she a brother?

Pearson. She has a brother in the army, but where he is I do not know.

Robert Gardner . I have known the prisoner about seven years: she and her father lived with me about four or five years. I believe her to be an honest girl.

Thomas Freeman . I am father to the prisoner. She has been afflicted for two years with fits; before that time she went to school. She had these fits by a fall, and I have had her ever since to take care of.

Jeremiah Aspridge . I have known her seven years. I believe her and her parents to be very honest people; I never heard to the contrary.

Mary Mowland . I have known her from her birth. I never knew any thing dishonest by her.

Q. to John Wade . Do you know the prisoner?

Wade. I know the prisoner very well, but do not know where she lives. I am sure I bought the books of her.

Acquitted .

Richard Rustid.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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186. (L.) Richard Rustid , was indicted for stealing one silk handkerchief, value two shillings , the property of Charles Simpson ++.

Charles Simpson . On the eleventh of June between eight and nine o'clock, I was coming up the Poultry , near the compter: I felt a violent twitch at my pocket wherein this silk handkerchief was. I told the lady I was in company with that my pocket was picked. The prisoner stood by me: I said, that is the pickpocket. I saw him drop the handkerchief as soon as he heard the word pickpocket: he ran on the other side the way, and I cried out stop pickpocket, stop thief; and a young lad run after him, and I also; as soon as the prisoner perceived that, he turned short into a court. Just as he got to the upper end of the court he was stopped: the young fellow and I came up to him, and many people followed us. When I came up, I said, that is the man that picked my pocket. We carried him to the Poultry compter that night, and I appeared before my lord mayor the next day.

Q. Are you sure that the prisoner was the man that picked your pocket?

Simpson. I am positive that when I felt the twitch at my pocket, the prisoner was the man. At the time I cried stop thief, he was the same man as run. I turned round and pointed to him, and said, that is the pickpocket.

Q. from the prisoner. Whether I was out of sight from the time you cried out stop thief till I was taken?

Simpson. He was out of sight the time he turned the corner of the street.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming from the other side of the water: the gentleman came one way, and I the other. I run to apprehend the man. A man knocked me down. The gentleman came, and looked among the people; the gentleman said I was not the man. When I was searched there was nothing found upon me.

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Jacob Moses.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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187. (L). Jacob Moses , was indicted for stealing one hempen bag, value two pence, and ninety pounds weight of pimento, value sixty shillings , the goods of Thomas Robinson , July the 2 d ++ .

William Plain . I know the prisoner by sight. I belong to Mr. Robinson. My master has lost pimento three different times out of his warehouse, but by whom I cannot tell. I sat up several nights to watch the thief; and when he was taken I was gone home to bed.

Nathaniel Whitehead . We took the prisoner in my master's warehouse, concealed in a closet in the warehouse: we found him about half an hour after four in the morning. The prisoner came up the court where Mr. Robinson lives, and looked on both sides the court. About a quarter after four he went down the court again, and went under a gateway in a posture to ease himself. I looked up the court to see if any thing was stirring, and afterwards we found him in the warehouse: the place he got over is upwards of seven foot high: we took him there. His excuse was, he came to look after a pidgeon.

Thomas Branham . I had been in the warehouse on the evening, and had put the bags and things to rights in the yard. I never saw the prisoner before that morning. I found the bag removed from the warehouse into the yard, and a ladder set at the gate.

Q. How high is the warehouse?

Branham. Three story high. He offered his watch, and what money he had about him, to let him go.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a baker, and was at work till five o'clock in the morning, and went to buy some mackerel at Billingsgate. As I came past Mincing-lane, I saw a pidgeon, and it flew away; and I saw a man with a drawn sword, and I jumped over to save myself, and I run up stairs to hide myself.

Q. from the prisoner. Did any of you see me move the bag to the first floor?

Robinson. No.

For the Prisoner.

Jonas Nathan . I know the prisoner. I have known him about twelve months. I have intrusted him with things of value, and never missed any thing through him.

First Witness. I have known the prisoner ever since he was born; he was always a sober, honest, hardworking man. I have employed him to carry goods into the country, and with bills, and never lost any thing.

Second Witness. I have known him between ten and eleven years. He used to bring bread to my house. I am a merchant. I never missed any thing.

Third Witness. I have known the prisoner 12 years. I never heard any harm of him. I have supplied him with money. I take him to be an honest boy.

Acquitted .

William Thorne.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-13
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

188. (L.) William Thorne was indicted for stealing one jack plane, value one shilling, and one oil stone , the property of William Bowdler , June 7th ++.

William Bowdler. I am acarpenter . The prisoner came into my shop, and took out a jack plane and an oil stone, about one o'clock at noon. My next door neighbour told me the prisoner had taken something out of my shop. I live near the Cock in the Corner. I ran after him up the Old Bailey, and near Surgeons Hall I took him, and found them both upon him. I carried him before the sitting alderman. He said he asked one of the men for them as he knew. I had no man at home at that time.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going there, and met a carpenter; I asked him to lend me a plane and oil stone. He told me to take them, but bring them home at night. The man's name that I met is William Newman : he told me he was at work there.

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Orput, Susan Creed.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-14
VerdictsNot Guilty

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189. (M.) William Orput , was indicted for stealing nine ounces of silver, value forty-five shillings, nine ounces of silk covered with silver, value forty-five shillings, nine ounces of silver gilt with gold, value forty-five shillings , the property of Peter Jennings and Co. And Susan Creed for receiving the same, knowing them to have been stolen , July 12 *.

Peter Jennings . This here Jemmet is a workman to us; he is employed to make gold and silver brocades, Orput is his apprentice . We have found great deficiencies of gold and silver wanting, according to what was given him to make his work. We sent for him to know how he could account for it. He said he himself was innocent of it; but he mistrusted Orput his servant. On which, we thought it most adviseable to take up Orput upon suspicion. When the boy came to our warehouse, my partner

said to him, you are now going before a magistrate to give an account of the gold and silver you have taken. He said he knew nothing of it, but seemed much confused; we carried him before Sir John Fielding on the 12th of June. When we got him in the coach, I told him, that the only way to have any favour shewn him, was to confess the fact, or otherwise he would be hanged. The boy immediately confessed a little before me, his master, and the officer; that was as we went along to the justice's. He confessed he had taken the gold and silver, and given it to an aunt of his, who sold it for him at sundry times; for which she sometimes gave him eighteen pence at a time, and sometimes half a crown, and that very rarely, I believe not above once; this he confessed again before the justice. On which we had a warrant to take up his aunt, who strongly denied the fact, or that she knew any thing of it, during the time of her being taken up to the time of her coming before the justice: but on confronting them before the justice, the boy taxed her so close, that by degrees she confessed almost as much as he.

Q. Was the confession taken in writing?

Jennings. I cannot tell whether it was or not.

Q. What did she confess?

Jennings. She confessed to have received the gold and silver at several times, to have burnt it, and to have sold it to Mr. Smith, a silversmith, under pretence of being gold and silver lace burnt, and that she had received more money than she gave him for it.

Cross Examination.

Q. At first, when Orput was taken up and brought to your house, did he deny it?

Jennings. Yes, he totally denied it.

Q. Did you, before the lad had made an confession, promise him, that if he expected any favour he must confess?

Jennings. I did.

Q. On that the prisoner Orput thought, if he did confess, he must receive favour?

Jennings. I cannot tell. I did intend, if he confessed, to have shewn him favour, not to make him exempt from any punishment.

Peter Jemmet . I am a weaver. I work in gold and silver. I had a bad opinion lately of the prisoner by keeping disorderly hours; and missing the gold and silver I had of the masters I was employed by, I suspected him. I had complaint of the gentlemen I work for on carrying home the last piece that I made during the time the prisoner was with me: they sent for me after I had carried it home, and said, there was a great deficiency. On the tenth of June I carried it home; when I came to the warehouse, it appeared by the books that there were 36 ounces deficient in the gold and silver: on that they agreed with me to take him up upon suspicion. I knew nobody else about that was intrusted that could take it; so we had a warrant of Sir John Fielding , and took him upon suspicion; and there he said he took it at several times: he at last denied it.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was there no promise made of favour?

Jemmet. Mr. Charles Piquet said, that if he confessed who it was that received it, he should be favourable to him; but if not, he must expect no mercy. He made many hesitations of wanting his parents with him. At last, with a deal of sorrow, he confessed he took it at a great many times.

Q. Where did he confess this?

Jemmet. He confessed this before Sir John Fielding ?

Q. Did you hear him make that confession in the coach?

Jemmet. I did.

Q. Did he say who he disposed of it to?

Jemmet. He said his aunt burnt it, and sold it to a silversmith. Upon this, a warrant was granted, and she was taken up, and carried before the justice. She confessed that she sold it to Mr. Smith.

Walter Smith . I know the prisoner at the bar: she has been at my shop several times: she brought burnt gold and silver to me.

Q. Are you sure it is the prisoner at the bar?

Smith. I am positive of it.

Orput's Defence.

I never wronged my master, nor nobody else in my life.

Creed's Defence.

I am innocent, and know nothing of the affair.

For the Prisoners.

Mark Jordan . I know William Orput . I have known him eight or nine years. I have asked several acquaintance that knew his master and him; and they said he went on very well.

John Hills. I have known him three or four years. I never heard any thing amiss of him.

James Aller . I have known him from his birth. He always bore an honest character. I have known Susan Creed fifteen years. She lived with the father and mother of this Orput.

Daniel Stilwell . I have known the lad six or seven years. He always had a good character.

George Cane . I have known him seven or eight years. I never heard any harm of him.

John Webster . I have known him from his birth. I never heard any harm of him in my life. I have known the woman many years: I live very near her.

Q. How did she get her living?

Webster. She used to go out a charing. I never heard any harm of her.

Charles Bocock . I have known Orput five years. He is very honest, and sober, as far as ever I heard.

Robert Gilman . I have known him two or three years. I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Mr. Benson. I have known Creed three or four years. She was always an honest woman as far as ever I heard. She always worked hard for her living.

Mary Linnet . I have known her twenty-five years. She always bore the character of an honest, industrious and just woman.

Henry Lefose . I have known her from her infancy. I never knew any thing dishonest of her.

Both acquitted .

Alice Wadington.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-15

Related Material

190. (L.) Alice Wadington , spinster , was indicted for stealing one gown, value ten shillings and sixpence, a black calimanco petticoat, and one holland shift , the property of Elizabeth Gadsby ++.

Elizabeth Gadsby . I lost a gown, a black callimanco petticoat, and shift out of my own room.

Q. Have you a husband?

Gadsby. I have had a husband, but know not whether he is alive or no, he having left me some time. I went out to work; when I came back they were gone. She lodged with me; we slept in the same bed. She confessed that she took them to a gentlewoman in the house, and before Mr. Fielding, and that she sold my gown in Rag Fair, she could not tell to who, and that she pawned the petticoat and shift.

Benjamin Freer . My brother is a pawnbroker; he took in this petticoat and shift [produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix].

Mary Grave . The prisoner was my servant The prosecutrix brought her to me, and she confessed the robbery. She said, she had sold the gown in Rag Fair for seven shillings: she said, she believed she had pawned the petticoat for five shillings; and that she had taken the shift, and that it was at Mr. Freer's.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was out of place, and in great necessity; I intended to make them good again.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Hardy, Richard Mitchell.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-16

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191. (M.) James Hardy and Richard Mitchell , were indicted, for that they on the king's highway on James Kettle did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from him one linen waistcoat, value four shillings, two shillings in money, numbered, three razors, value twelve pence, one handkerchief, value twelve pence, one clasp knife, value one penny, his property , May 23 + .

James Kettle . I was on foot, coming from Wapping, going to my friends to Rumford. Richard Mitchell stopped me; the other prisoners were with him, and Hunter the Evidence, and another not yet taken; they stopped me about half an hour after three o'clock between the Turnpike and New Vauxhall ; they swore a great oath, and said, I was the person they wanted; they held me up against the pails, and threatened to knock my brains out if I made any resistance; they took a handkerchief from my pocket with a linen waistcoat in it, two shillings in money, a clasp knife out of my breeches pocket, three razors in my left hand coat pocket.

Q. What do you do with razors?

Kettle. I shave myself; I happened to have them in my pocket. They said, if I made any noise or resistance there was a press-gang, and that I should go with them. I said, I was willing to go with them. They were going to strip me of my stockings and shirt. The evidence said, let him make the best of his way off. I discovered it to Mr. Fielding; this was on the Sunday: I went on Monday and described all four.

Q. When were they first taken?

Kettle. I cannot say. I saw him last Friday, which was the first time that I have seen him since they robbed me.

Q. Did you ever see your things again?

Kettle. No, I never saw them again.

Q. Are you positive that the prisoners at the bar are the men that robbed you?

Kettle. I am very positive: three of them were taken up on the other side of the water.

Q. Which took the money out of your pocket?

Kettle. They were all four round me; I do not know who took it.

John Hunter . I was drawn in by them: I went out that morning: they happened of nobody: they stopped this man between three and four in the morning. Mitchell and Hardy took hold of him, and the others stood before. They took from him three razors.

Q. Who are the others?

Hunter. John Smith , - Waklin; it is Waklin that is dead; he died last week or the week before. They took a waistcoat out of his pocket. I gave them two shillings for the waistcoat, and sold it the next day to a young fellow that was going to sea: Mitchell took two shillings out of his pocket

that we never saw a farthing of; there was a napkin with some boiled pork in it; I asked him to give the man the pork. Mitchell said, I want some stockings, I will have them, he has a good pair on. No, said I, let the man go; and he wanted his shirt; I desired him not to take it. Mr. Fielding asked me if I would be king's evidence, and I was admitted. Joseph Clifton and Thomas Smith are not taken; I was taken first, and gave my information, and the others were taken by my information. Mitchell has been down to Yarmouth, and was taken when he came back: I gave my information on Friday, and three were taken on Saturday.

Oliver Smith . I am a clock and watch maker, but keep a publick house.

Q. What do you know of the prisoner?

Smith. I have nothing to say for or against the prisoner. I took the evidence. I keep the Three Tuns in Cable street. I took up Hunter first; a woman in the house with him told me a shop in the lane was broke open, and a woman told me, he was one in the robbery, so I took him up. The prisoners used my house, they never behaved ill in my house.

Hunter. We have been at his house at four of the clock in the morning, and all hours in the night.

Mitchell's Defence.

I know nothing about it. I am as innocent as a child unborn.

Hardy's Defence.

I have been at sea ever since I was eleven years old; my friends are 130 miles off Hyde-Park Corner; I know no more about this affair than the child unborn.

For Mitchell.

Mary Collins . I have known Richard Mitchell ever since I have been first married, that is eighteen years ago to-morrow morning.

Q. Do you know Hunter?

Collins. No. Mitchell's mother lived near me in New Gravel Lane.

Ann Robertson . I knew Mitchell's mother and him some time; I never heard any harm of him.

Both Guilty , Death .

Samuel Sullingwood.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-17
VerdictNot Guilty

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192. (M.) Samuel Sullingwood , was indicted for stealing, together with James Hicks , one quart silver mug, value seven pounds, the property of Charles Webb , in the dwelling-house of the said Charles , September 25, 1760 .

For want of room in this paper, see the trial of James Hicks his accomplice, No. 17 in Sir Matthew Blackiston 's mayoralty.

Acquitted .

Eleanor Rock.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-18
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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193. (M.) Eleanor Rock , was indicted for stealing two guineas, the property of Elizabeth Clare , widow , in her dwelling-house . The prosecutrix did not appear.

Acquitted .

Richard M'Gee.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-19
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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194. (M.) Richard M'Gee , was indicted for the wilful murder of Rose his wife : he likewise stood charged on the coroner's inquest for manslaughter.

John Blane . I am a shoemaker, and live in Rosemary Lane. I saw the prisoner at Sparrow's Corner, Little Tower Hill, on the ninth of June, between the hours of eight and nine: he had a piece of bacon in his hand. His wife was standing by a crowd of people; he went up to her, and desired her to buy a piece of liver to eat with the bacon for supper. She was very drunk, and so was he. She had fell down several times. She cursed and swore most prodigiously. A cart loaded with green beans was coming along Tower Hill to cross the kennel; as the cart was come near them, he gave her a blow, and she fell; the wheel run over her he stooped as though he intended to catch her up: as soon as the wheel was gone over her, he ran to lay hold of the driver.

Guilty, Manslaughter . B .

Sarah Avery.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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195. (M.) Sarah Avery , spinster , was indicted for stealing one canvas bag, value one penny, 2 guineas, one half guinea, and six shillings and six pence, in money numbered, the property of Mary Parker , widow , in the dwelling-house of the said Mary , June 29 *.

Mary Parker . I left the prisoner to look after my door, on the 29th of June about eight in the morning. I went to the bake-house to fetch a two penny loaf.

Q. How long was you gone?

Parker. I believe I was gone above a quarter of an hour. I found her on the bench where I left her. I had my money to pay away that day I took it out of the drawer, and put it upon the chest of drawers, fearing I should forget when I came back again.

Q. What money did you lose?

Parker. There was nineteen guineas and a shilling, that made twenty pounds, four guineas, and half guinea, and five shillings and sixpence, which

made twenty five pounds. I was to blame, not the girl. The chamber door was open, so she opened no lock. It had an acquaintance called that day that I had not seen a great while so I did not go that day. I intended to pay it on the morrow.

Q. When did you miss your money?

Parker. When I went up stairs to go to bed, I did not look for it. I did not go the next day; I went to hear a sermon in Broad-street, and did not miss it till Thursday night the 29th of June, then I hunted every where. I rummmaged up stairs and down. I was afraid to speak of it. I was afraid she took it; and on Monday morning I taxed her about it. I said, did nobody come into my house that took something out? She said, no, I said, somebody had taken something that did not belong to them, nor me neither. I said, if you took something, I will forgive you. She said, do not talk to me, and went away. I said, tell; you had as good tell; for if you have broke into it, I will forgive you. She would not hear me, she ran away.

Q. Are you sure she heard you?

Parker. She heard me, and ran up stairs, and laughed at me. She lives in the back part of my house. A person told me I might have a warrant on suspicion. I said, I would trust the Providence of God. I would not have a warrant. Mrs. Bell saw her buying a cardinal. She came to me, and said, she had seen some of my money. Said I, it is my fault; I will forgive her, if she will deliver the rest. She would not come near me. I went and got a warrant from justice Berry: I would not swear she had it, but it was on suspicion: for several days we could not find her; at last she surrendered. On Friday morning following she sent word she would surrender to me, and was very sorry for what she had done. I went and told Mr. Berry; then Mr. Cragg brought me that message, this was on Friday. I asked the justice if I could make it up with her. I was contented with what was left, be it what it will. The justice said I must have a warrant, and sent to the headborough, and she was carried before the justice. When she came there, she said she would give me all that was left. The justice told her she need not part with any thing. She said she knew it was very hard with me, and she took it, and she would give me all the things she had bought with it.

Q. What did she return of the money?

Parker. I believe about sixteen pounds.

Q. Did she give an account how she laid the money out?

Parker. She had bought a pair of stays, and other things; them I gave to her, as she had been so kind. I said God bless you, I never knew any m of you before. I hope the jury and my lord will take it in consideration to do you no hurt. It was my fault in laying that temptation in her way. I hope the court will it take into consideration; for God Almighty will provide for me.

Elizabeth Bell . The prisoner sent for me, and surrendered herself up, and what was left, and what she had bought.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence. Three witnesses gave her a good character from her infancy.

Acquitted .

Thomas Robertson.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-21
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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196.(L) Thomas Robertson , was indicted for stealing one deal box, value three pence, and a German flute, value ten shillings , the property of Richard Gray . ++.

Richard Gray . I am abook keeper to the Winchester stage . The prisoner took an outside place to go to Winchester. The box was sent to go to Bristol by the Bristol machine. The prisoner sat in the room for three or four hours with two others. The box was left in the window where he sat. I saw it when the other men left the room. I just stepped from the bar, and the box was missing, and the prisoner was gone in the yard among the people. I caused the Winchester and Bath coaches to be unloaded; and it was not found; being in a hurry I thought it might be put in through mistake. The prisoner went out into the other yard; when he came back, I told him he must know something of the box. I laid hold of him by the collar. Before the constable came he desired me to walk into the room with him, and he said if we would forgive him he would tell where the box was; he went and took the lanthorn and candle, and took the box out of the boot of the Winchester coach; he owned he had taken it, and gave it to me.

Q. from the prisoner. Whether there was not a woman in the room besides?

Richard Gray . Yes, after the box was gone, there were several.

Ann Richards . I saw the prisoner put the box-up in the boot of the coach. I lighted him up with it to the Winchester coach with a candle and lanthorn.

Q. from prisoner. Whether the coach was unloaded at all?

Richards. It was loaded and unloaded; and after it was loaded again the prisoner put it in.

Walter Lesley . I went into the room where the prisoner was. The box was missing before I went in. The gentleman and his wife asked me if I took the box. I said, I did not see the box; but that two ladies had been in the room. Mr. Gray said, he did not suspect me. The prisoner said, take me into another room and I will confess it; he said it would be the ruin of him if he was convicted; he went up to the coach, and took it out of the boot.

William Bodington . I am constable. They sent for me to take the prisoner into custody. He said

it was the first fact, and he hoped they would forgive him. I thought it had been lace; but, on breaking it open before the sitting alderman, it was found to be a German flute.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was ordered down to Winchester to be a captain's clerks there. I went on the Sunday with a friend to the gravel pits, and got in liquor; from thence I went to St. James's and got worse; I was so much in liquor I could not tell what happened afterwards.

For the Prisoner.

Mr. Hamilton. I have known the prisoner ever since he was a child. I know both his father and mother. I have known him since he came to London. I never heard any thing to his discredit.

Mr. Mitchell. I have known him since he has been two years old. I have known him ever since he came to London. He came of honest creditable parents: and his character was always a good one.

A witness. I went to school with him. I never knew any thing of him, but as an honest person.

John Watts . I have known him above twenty years. I believe him to be very honest and well behaved; and that has been his general character.

Mark Johnson . I have known him above five years. I was the person that was out of town with him. The day that this happened we went into the country, and drank very plentifully. The prisoner was in liquor when this affair happened. I have known him between five and six years. He has been an honest man as far as ever I heard.

Mrs. Light. I have known him but a little time. He lodged with me. I took him in as an honest seafa ring gentleman. He always behaved as such.

Mr. Cummins. I have known him about twelve months. I thought him an honest man.

Guilty . W .

Jane Rogers.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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197. (L.) Jane Rogers , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver shoe buckle, value eight shillings, one metal watch with two cases, value thirty shillings , the property of Thomas Roe , July 6 ++ .

Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?

Roe. I am not certain whether the prisoner is the person that robbed me or not. I happened to take up a woman of the town: I carried her to my chambers in Staple's Inn. I was very much in liquor. I lost my watch and a pair of buckles. I cannot pretend to swear to the prisoner; but as far as I am able to judge of it, I believe she is the woman. I have two witnesses here to prove my finding the watch again on the prisoner at the bar.

Samuel Slater . On Tuesday the sixth of this instant the prisoner brought this watch to pledge with me about eleven o'clock.

Q. to the prosecutor. When did you lose your watch?

Roe. I lost my watch on the same day about eight o'clock. I took her to my chambers the night before. This was the morning of the sixth.

Slater. I charged a constable with the prisoner, who desired her to be searched. She offered it to pledge. She seemed willing to be searched, and pulled her handkerchief out, and pulled out one of the prosecutor's buckles. Then she was sent to the compter [The watch and buckles produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutor]. I stopt the watch, and charged a constable with her, suspecting it to be stolen.

William Dodington . I was sent for by the last evidence. The prisoner said, you may search me; and she put her hand in her pocket, and took out her handkerchief; we saw the buckle. I asked her if it was her own, and where the fellow of it was. She said in her shoe. It was not there. Then she said, she did not steal the watch, but knew it to be stolen. The next morning I saw the watch and buckles advertised. I went as directed, and the gentleman swore to them.

Prisoner's Defence.

A woman gave me the watch to pawn, and said it was her husband's. I was to bring the money to her in Middle Row: I went, and the watch was stopped. I drank a dram and was foolish, and did not know what I said. As to the buckle, the woman said, she had sold the fellow of it for three shillings and sixpence; and she is now gone into the country. Her name is Carrotty Bess.

Acquitted .

Ann Christian, Sarah Cayton, William Shakespeare.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-23
VerdictNot Guilty

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198, 199, 200. (L.) Ann Christian , spinster ; Sarah Cayton , and William Shakespeare , were indicted for stealing three guineas, the property of John Hall , privately from his person , June 23 ++ .

John Hall. I am ataylor . I live in Black Friers. I went on Wednesday the 23d of last month to Ann Christian and Sarah Cayton 's in Black Boy Alley ; they were drinking of tea. I sat down, and said I would have some tea along with them. They said, I must contribute something to the tea. I gave sixpence to Ann Christian out of my right hand pocket. She went out to buy tea or sugar, and gave me my groat back. I was to be two pence. After that she poured out the liquor, and brought a cup to me. I took it for tea, but found it very nauseous. I said, this is either gin or annifeed. Drink it, Jemmy, says she, it will do you good. Then she asked me to walk up stairs; I did, but found myself very giddy

and stupid; I had partly lost my senses: I wish'd myself out of the house; I said I would call at night. I did not lie down on the bed, I laid me on the floor, and immediately fell fast asleep; and while I was on the ground I felt somebody about my left-hand pocket: I was not asleep or awake, but stupid; I lay on my left side where the money was, and they rolled me on my right. The money that I lost was three guineas, bound up in a piece of white paper, and a ribbon bound over it and pinn'd.

Q. You say that you was turn'd from your left side to your right side; can you tell who turn'd you?

Hall. I cannot tell; I could not observe any particular person turn me; they were both together, Ann Christian and Sarah Cayton . As soon as I waked I saw Ann Christian ; she was going down stairs; she went down stairs before I could recover; I told her she had robbed me; she then look'd much confused. I brought her up stairs again; Cayton was out of the house. I told Ann Christian she had robbed me; she said she had not; I charged a constable with her. Shakespeare sat in one place all the time.

All three acquitted .

John Plackett.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-24

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199. (M.) John Plackett , was indicted for that he, in a open field near the king's highway, on Jacob Faye did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 3 l. one silver seal, val. 4 s. one silver stock-buckle, val. 4 s. one pair of silver shoe-buckles, val. 15 s. one pair of silver knee-buckles, val. 5 s. one pair of silver sleeve-buttons set with precious stones, val. 15 s. one coat, val. 10 s. one silk waistcoat, val. 30 s. one pair of black velvet breeches, one silver breeches buckle, one shirt and one hat, one 27 shilling piece of gold, one 6 s. and 9 d. piece of gold, and 2 s. and 6 d. in money numbered, his property , June 17 . ||

The Prosecutor not understanding English, an interpreter was sworn.

Jacob Faye . On the 16th of June at night, between the hours of eight and nine, I went from my lodgings at Shadwell dock, the house of Osmond Osmondson , to the Danish coffeehouse in Wellclose-square to see for a countryman, but could not find him; returning, I missed my way, and rambled about till near twelve o'clock. I saw some hackney coaches standing; I went to one; the man refused to carry me on account I could not make him understand me. I went to another, and desired him to drive me to Limehouse; the last word he understood; I put my hand in my pocket to pay him before I got into the coach. Then came the prisoner (to the best of my knowledge it was he, by his size and what I could observe of him, it being star-light) he said he would bring me to Limehouse; he spoke English; I cannot say I understood all he said, but I understood him that he lived there; I went along with him through several street till we came to the open fields; when we had walked a little way in the fields, I said, as well as I could I was wrong; as soon as I said so he struck me down by a blow on the back part of my head, and after that I remember he gave me one blow more; what happened after that I do not know. When I recovered my senses I found myself stripped; I was as naked as when I was born, only my stockings: I saw the man that knocked me down standing by me with my pocket book in his hand; I said, My book, my book. I was at that time lying on the ground, not able to rise; he was looking over the papers in it; [he produced three pieces of paper sprinkled with blood] these were some of them: I remained still on the spot till he was gone away; then I got down into a dry ditch, where I remained some time, I do not know how long; after that I got out, and seeing a light I ventured to go to it, which was at the new turnpike in the city road from Moorfields to Islington, where I knocked at the door, and the man came; I could not talk English to him, only let him understand I had been robbed; he took me in, and I lay down on his bed, and he covered me up: in the morning he went and got a surgeon to dress my wounds, name Goodman; he procured a lodging for me, where I lay till I was able to go abroad again, which was in about eight or nine days. Part of my things were found again.

Q. from the prisoner. Can you swear I am the man?

Faye. I am sure the prisoner is the man as much as at that time my senses would allow me to say, and I am sure of it since.

Q. from the prisoner. Did you not say John Day was the man?

Faye. I saw that man after the prisoner was taken up; he laid it to him; I know nothing of that man; I never saw but one man with me from the coach to the place I was robbed.

Priscilla Ketchin . I have known the prisoner at the bar six weeks to day; I lodge in the same house where he did in Gray's-inn-lane, at Mr. M'Cullough's: I was in his apartment the Wednesday before he was taken up; I work'd for his wife; I saw a bloody shirt in a tub of water; this was on the Wednesday: he went out and came in about two on the Thursday morning; he had gone out with a sort of a fustian waistcoat without sleeves, without a coat. I saw a mark on the shirt in the tub; it had ruffles, and the wristband stitched to imitate work: [a shirt produced] this is the same shirt; I wash'd it for him on the Friday. He had beat the

woman that went for his wife on the Friday night, when they came home from Sadlers Wells, so I wash'd and iron'd that shirt for him. After I had been in his room and seen several things, I came down stairs affrighted. I took the landlady up: she saw that bloody shirt, a pair of velvet breeches, with a silver buckle behind mark'd J G F; they lay in a box, and a pistol by it; some other things of his were in the box; there was his fustian waistcoat which he had on when he went out. On this I gave information to Justice Welch on the Saturday morning; I had heard of a robbery being committed; we got a warrant and a constable, and he was taken up. I had seen a pair of silver sleeve buttons in his sleeves with green stones; and in a socket in the middle were diamonds set; the prisoner said they cost him two guineas and a half, after that two guineas, after that he said his aunt gave them to him, and that he was the first of the family that ever wore diamond buttons.

Q. to the prosecutor. Did you lose such a pair of sleeve buttons as she has described?

Prosecutor. I did.

Jane Melling . I am the landlady's daughter of that house where the prisoner lodged; I was in his room, the box was opened there; I saw a pair of velvet breeches with a silver buckle, a blue coat, a scarlet waistcoat, his fustian waistcoat which he had on was bloody; he told us he had been fighting. I had one of the sleeve-buttons in my hand as the other witness described, (a pair of velvet breeches, the buckle, a pair of silver shoe buckles, a stock buckle marked J G F, a half-crown piece, a silver seal, a shirt marked H F 4, a silver watch, and a hat produced in court).

Prosecutor. The hat I believe to be mine, but it has been altered; all the other things are mine, and what I had on and about me when I was robbed; the half crown is a Queen Ann's of 1707; I know it by a crack in the silver just over the head.

John Day . I was in company with the prisoner at the bar on the 16th of June; I left him at half an hour after eleven at the Barley-mow and Magpye in Gray's-inn-lane; when he went out there he said, Jack, I have got no money; I lent him a shilling; we came to the George by Holborn-bars; I went down Holborn; he told me he was going to the Fleet-market; he went towards Holborn-bridge; I parted with him in Holborn, and saw him no more till the next day, at the Bricklayers Arms in St. Ann's, about twelve at noon; he paid me my shilling, and pulled out gold and silver plenty. On the Friday he was saying he had got a pair of buttons that cost him two guineas and a half; they had green stones and a little diamond in the middle; on the Friday evening he came to me at the Black Lion in Jockey's Fields at the end of Bedford row.

Matthew Williams . I found this pocket-book and papers in the new road on the Thursday morning about four o'clock; they were near the turnpike; I found half a guinea in gold under the pocket book; then I found a pair of shoes, then I found two wigs, The prisoner owned one of the wigs before Justice Welch [producing them].

Prosecutor. The book and wig are my property.

Williams. I found also by them two pieces of wood [ produced in court]; they appeared to be a pale. about three inches broad, broke in two pieces. He said, he had lent that wig to Day that night.

Thomas Willson . I am a constable: I searched the prisoner's lodgings, and found this shirt and breeches buckle in a waistcoat pocket belonging to the prisoner; I found another bloody shirt and a bloody fustian waistcoat; I found also this pistol [ producing one].

Ann Allen . I live in Drury-lane at the corner of Newtoner's lane; I am a pawnbroker; I took this watch, here produced, in of the prisoner at the bar, on the 19th of June in the morning; he told me his name was William Price ; he had pawn'd things with me before.

Thomas Gray . I lent the prisoner seven shillings on these breeches on the 19th of June in the morning.

John Ferry . I am a silversmith; the prisoner brought to me a pair of silver shoe-buckles, kneebuckles, silver seal and stock buckle, on Thursday morning the 17th of June; I bought them of him.

Mr. Dawson. I live in Monmouth-street; the prisoner at the bar used to sell butter about in our neighbourhood; on Thursday the 17th of June last the prisoner, in company with two women and a man, brought me a coat to sell; the other man brought it; I gave the man half a guinea, and he was to give me six-pence out of it; the prisoner came and gave me the six-pence, and took the half guinea from the man.

Q. Was that man Day?

Dawson. No, it was not.

Justice Welch deposed. That the prisoner much desired to be admitted an evidence; and said, that Day and he met with the prosecutor by a coach at the Coach and Horses between Leather-lane and Hatton-garden; that a gentleman was desiring the coachman to carry him to Limehouse; that Day, he, and the gentleman went together, and when in Wood's-close they pulled out a pale, and took it with them; when they came to the fields by the city road, he staid at a little distance behind; that Day and the gentleman went on. Immediately after their parting he heard a violent blow, and soon after two other blows, and in a very little time after Day brought to him the several things mentioned; and that Day pawned the breeches in Holborn near the French Horn; after that Day pawned the watch, which, upon inquiring, he found the pawnbroker swore to the prisoner's bringing them, and knew

nothing of Day, when he carried Day to them; and it appeared to his worship that Day had a good character.

James Brebrook . I was in Bridewell when the prisoner was; he asked me if he could not be admitted an evidence; he said he was to make a discovery of this robbery; he mentioned John Clark , Jack Lamb , and Thomas Haynes ; he said they had been concerned with him in divers robberies, and that Jack Lamb and John Clark were concerned in this: he never mentioned Day till three or four days after this; and after he found that Day was likely to be set at liberty, he said, he would give five guineas to any body that would swear Day brought the cloaths to his house to sell.

Prisoner's Defence.

Over night, when John Day and I parted from the Barley-mow, he told me he was bald-headed; I lent him my own brown wig; the next morning he came with the things in his hand into my room; said he, Will you do a favour for me? I said, Don't bring me into trouble; said he, Will you pawn me a few things? said I, Cannot you pawn them your-self? said he, Pawn me these breeches and this watch, and get this hat turn'd, and I will pay you for it. I said, Jack, where is my wig? said he, I have lost it last night; said I, I will be paid for it; he gave me half a crown, and two shillings for turning the hat, and six shillings for pawning the things. I saw his shirt was bloody; he said it was by fighting the other day, and for want of a handkerchief he wiped his face with his shirt. I took the things of him and pawned them, that is all I am to suffer for; if I do suffer, that is between God Almighty and myself. The woman that I live with knows what time I came in; it was almost twelve o'clock when I left the Barley-mow, and I went from thence to Wood's Close: if I die for it I will say the same words as I do now.

For the Prisoner.

Jane Parton . The prisoner came home that morning at past twelve o'clock, but I cannot tell how much past, it may be two or three hours after; in the morning came John Day with the cloaths, about seven o'clock; I will be hanged if I know what day it was; it was on a Thursday morning; he said, John Plackett , will you do a favour for me? Do take them things to pawn; he ask'd Day how his shirt came so bloody; he said, He had been fighting with a man. Plackett ask'd, where was his wig? he said, He had lost it, he said, he would give him half a crown for it, and he gave him a Queen Ann's half crown, and gave him six shillings for pawning the things.

Guilty , Death .

Catherine Neal, Mary Williams.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-25
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty
SentencesMiscellaneous > branding

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201, 202. (M.) Catherine Neal , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver spoon, value 3 s. the property of John Willson , and Mary, Wife of Edward Williams , for receiving the same, well knowing it to have been stolen , July 4 . ||

Neal, Guilty .

B . Williams, Acquitted .

Simon Mayne.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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Ann Brown.
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Reference Numbert17620714-27
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14th July 1762
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207, 208. (M) Sarah Metyard , widow , and Sarah Morgan Metyard , spinster , were indicted for the wilful murder of Ann Nailor , an infant , about the age of thirteen years, by shutting up and confining her from the 29th of September, in the 32 d year of king George II. to the 4th of October , and starving her to death *.

Philadelphia Dowley . I am fourteen years of age. I was bound out by the parish of Tottenham High Cross to the mother. I remember about Michaelmas, 1758, Ann Nailor went to run away.

Q. Why did she do that?

P. Dowley. Because she was used so ill. She used to be beat by the mother, and go without her victuals. We used to have bread, and bread and butter given us.

Q. What did she use to beat her with?

P. Dowley. With a walking stick and hearth brooms. She had not victuals given her in the same manner as we had.

Q. What had she never any victuals?

P. Dowley. Yes, she had some; at the time she had some, she had as much as we, but she had it not so often; that was the occasion she attempted to run away; Mr. Brown the milkman stopped her.

Q. How do you know that?

P. Dowley. I was in the passage and saw it.

Q. Had this been for any considerable time, that she had been kept without victuals, before she attempted to run away?

P. Dowley. Yes.

Q. What condition was she in for health?

P. Dowley. She was in a very weak condition for want of victuals.

Q. How did she come to be stopped?

P. Dowley. The daughter and the mother called out to Mr. Brown the milkman to stop her. She told the milkman she should be starved if she was brought back.

Q. Did she make use of the word starved?

P. Dowley. She did. The daughter received her from the milkman, and pulled her up stairs: she was taken into the room where they lay, and beat with a broomstick (I was in the room); the mother was present, and she held the girl by the head while the daughter beat her; the mother was in bed, and the girl upon it: then she was carried up stairs, and tied to a two pair of stairs back room door, by the daughter, the string went round her waist, and her hands were tied behind her; she could neither sit nor lie down.

Q. How long did she continue in that manner?

P. Dowley. She continued in that manner three days.

Q. Did the mother know of it?

P. Dowley. Yes, I remember the daughter called to her mother one day to come and help her tie that girl up. The mother said, No, if you will have your crotches, you may do them yourself.

Q. What did the girl do on nights.

P. Dowley. The daughter came and untied her at nights, that she might go to bed.

Q. How had she her food or victuals during that time she was tied up?

P. Dowley. She had none.

Q. How do you know that?

P. Dowley. I was at meals all the three days, and saw she had none.

Q. Where had you your meals yourself?

P. Dowley. In the kitchen in the summer; she had no victuals with us; and when we had done we used to go up to her, where she was tied up, and work by her. I saw none she had.

Q. Did the girl speak to you at them times?

P. Dowley. No. She used to stand and groan. At the end of three days she did not move, I did not see any life in her: when we told the daughter she did not move; she said, I will go and make her move.

Q. Did the mother see this?

P. Dowley. She did, I believe; she was in the dining room when I spoke to the daughter about it; we did not go down, but called to her.

Q. What posture was the girl in?

P. Dowley. She hung double.

Q. What did you say when you called to her?

P. Dowley. Miss Salley! Miss Salley! come up stairs, Nanny does not move; we called out aloud; the other apprentices were with me. The daughter came up and beat the girl with her shoe on her backside; she did not move then; she said she would make her move; she beat her hand; as soon as the beating was over the mother came up, The mother laid the girl cross her lap, and called Sall, my fellow apprentice, to bring up some drops: they were brought: the girl seemed dead to me: then we were all three sent down into the dining room immediately; that is me, my fellow apprentice Mary Nailor , sister to the girl, and one that is not living, named Ann Paul .

Q. Who sent you down, the mother or daughter?

P. Dowley. I do not remember which it was.

Q. Was it usual for you to be sent down into the dining room?

P. Dowley. No, it was not. The mother and daughter were up stairs an hour after we were sent down. I never saw Ann Nailor afterwards.

Q. Had you never any account given you of her where she was gone?

P. Dowley. No.

Q. When did you go into the garret after this?

P. Dowley. Sall, my fellow apprentice, was sent up to fetch her down from the garret; we usually went up into the garret every day before this to wash our hands, but we had not been there for two days.

Q. Did any body bid you not go there?

P. Dowley. The mother bid us wash our hands in the kitchen; sometimes we had a bason of water brought up in the dining room, but this was not usual before. About two-days after she was sent for to come down to dinner. Sall came down, and said the garret door was open, but nobody there. Then the mother made answer, she is run away; I suppose she ran away when we were at dinner; that they both said. They said there is a noise, but we heard no noise. Sall Hinchman said, if she is run away, she has left her shoes behind her. The mother said, she would not stay for her shoes?

Q. Do you know what number of shifts this child had allowed her.

P. Dowley. We had each of us three; her three were pretty newish.

Q. How many pair of shoes had you?

P. Dowley. We had only one pair at a time.

Q. Did you after that time see the three shifts that were Ann Nailor 's?

P. Dowley. Yes, the biggest girl Sally had them afterward; my mistress gave them to her.

Q. How did you do to know that?

P. Dowley. They were marked; mine were number 1; another's were number 2; the other were number 3; and Ann Nailor 's were number 4; there were three of each number.

On her Cross Examination,

She said the girls did not use to go out so often as once a fortnight, and then it was on a Sunday, and that never by themselves; that she went once to the committee of the workhouse, and declared that she and the rest were used ill; that the mother and daughter frequently quarrelled; that the mother frequently beat the daughter; that the daughter once left the mother, because she was ill used by her; that once she cut the string, by which the deceased was tied, and the daughter beat her for it; that a lodger that they had, one day asked what was because of Nanney? which she understood to be the deceased; the deceased's sister answered Nanney is dead; when this came to the mother's ear, she asked the sister, who told her that Nanney was dead. She said the witness told her so. Then the mother said to the witness, Miss Death! I will call you miss Death!

Q. from the mother. Did not Ann Nailor tell you, that if she was ever so well, she would go with a milk boy?

P. Dowley. There was a milk boy that gave Nanney some milk, and after that I have heard her say so.

Q. from the mother. Whether you have not said, in case you were taken away from your mistress, you would go back again?

P. Dowley. Yes, I have, because you bid me say so

Sarah Hinchman. I am sixteen years of age. I was apprentice to the mother at the bar, when Ann Nailor was; she was an apprentice about two or three months before me. I remember the time she was missing, about three or four years ago.

Q. How was she treated?

S. Hinchman. She was treated very ill; she had sometimes one meal a day, and sometimes two, and beat-sometimes.

Q. Do you remember the time of the milkman stopping her?

S. Hinchman. Yes, she run away once before that, and was brought back again, that was about a month before; the time the milkman stopped her, was about Michaelmas time; the daughter called out to stop her; I believe she was hardly got over the step of the door when the milkman laid hold of her; she was carried up stairs, and beat with a piece of a broomstick by the daughter; then she was carried up stairs and tied to a door, and continued so for three days, during which time, she had no victuals. One night when we were with her, her sister cut the string.

Q. Had you your victuals regularly those three days?

S. Hinchman. We had.

Q. How do you know she had no victuals?

S. Hinchman. I never saw any carried up to her.

Q. Did you speak to her?

S. Hinchman. The last day she could not speak, she was senseless; that day she hung double, as she was tied by the waist. The daughter went up to her; she hawled her, and beat her with her shoe.

Q. Did she give any reason why she beat her?

S. Hinchman. No, she did not; the girl did not move then, and she called her mother up; the mother came up; I do not know which untied the girl; the mother sat down on the garret stairs, and laid her across her lap, and sent me down to fetch some drops; I brought them up; then they sent me down, and I never saw her afterwards.

Q. How did the girl appear when you brought the drops up?

S. Hinchman. She lay in the mother's lap. I saw no signs of life; but I did not know but that she was in fits. I never saw her afterwards.

Q. Did you see any use made of the drops?

S. Hinchman. No, I did not; I gave them to the mother.

Q. Where did you use to wash your hands before this accident happened?

S. Hinchman. Up in the garret always; but then we were bid by the mother to wash our hands below, which we did for two days, sometimes in the kitchen, and sometimes in the dining room.

Q. Do you remember being called up in the dining room one of those two days?

S. Hinchman. That was in the morning for two or three hours; that was the same day they told us the girl had run away.

Q. Who were called up there?

S. Hinchman. The girl that was examined before me, and the girl's sister that i s dead: after that we went to dinner; my mistress bid me go up stairs into the garret, and fetch Ann Nailor down to dinner;

I went up, the door stood open, there was nobody there; then I came down, and said, she was not there; then they both (to the best of my remembrance) said, the girl was run away; then they sent me down to see if any of the doors were opened; I found the street door a little a jarr: I said, if she was gone, she had left her shoes behind her; they were in the garret.

Q. How many shifts had the girl?

S. Hinchman. We had all three a piece; her shifts were all marked No 4. She had three new ones and one very ragged one; she had one of her new ones on at that time. The milkman stopt her.

Q. How often had you clean shifts?

S. Hinchman. Once a week, and sometimes once a fortnight.

Q. What day of the week did you put them on?

S. Hinchman. On the Monday morning.

Q. Was she lame in one hand?

S. Hinchman. She had had a whitloe, and that finger was cut off.

On her cross examination,

She said, that she was once before the committee of the parish of St. George, Hanover-square, and there was asked how her mistress behaved to her; and she said she behaved well to her; but that was because her mistress had bid her say so. That the mother and daughter often quarrelled, and she beat the daughter many times. That her daughter left her, and went to live with Mr. Rooker as a servant; and that the daughter had given her sometimes a halfpenny roll; and sometimes a halfpenny; and sometimes other victuals unknown to the mother.

Jer. Brown. I served the prisoner's house with milk. I remember about Michaelmas time in the year 1758, I saw the prisoner's door open, and the deceased girl come out at it: I took her in my arms. She desired and pressed upon me that I would let her go, and said she should be starved if she staid there. I said, my dear, you will not be starved. She said, pray, milkman, let me go, for I have had no victuals for so long a time (the time I cannot recollect). The daughter and the mother came running down stairs, and desired I would stop her. The daughter came to the door, and took the girl round the neck, and dragged her in, and put the door to.

Q. from the mother. Whether I did not take milk sufficient of you for my family?

Brown. I used to serve her a quart every other morning, sometimes every day, sometimes two quarts a day.

Richard Rooker . I lived in the prisoner's house about three months, which is long since the child has been missing. I went there a little more than two years ago. I observed the children were very ill used with respect to their food. I have frequently heard them call down to the kitchen for their dinners; and if they had any food, they had never time to eat it, for they never were allowed above five minutes.

Court. Confine yourself to the matter relating to the deceased child.

Rooker. After I quitted her house, I went and took a house at the upper end of Hill street, Berkley-square; the old woman came almost every day, and insulted me and the daughter almost without intermission day and night; her behaviour was such, it was almost incredible; I put up with it expecting time would remove it; thus she insulted me and the daughter. I have often heard the daughter, when they have been scolding together, beg of her to let her alone in quietness, that she might get her living in peace. This the old woman paid no regard to, but went on making riots by my house daily. When she found I was going into the country to a little place that fell to me, she continued the same till I did go; and said once to me, that if I took her daughter along with me, I should have as little comfort there as in town; she kept her word pretty punctually: after I had been there but a few weeks, she came and behaved in the same manner. She once broke in, when I was with the gardener: I heard an extream crying out, which I took to be murder; I went immediately, and bid the gardener follow me: I found the girl in agonies in the little room, with the old woman, with her cap and handkerchief torn off; I found this was done by the old woman; she had drove the girl up into a corner, and had got a pointed knife in her hand; she had given the daughter a blow over her eye, which turned black, and scratched her face. I told her, if she would come to my house with a good tongue in her head, she should be welcome to see her daughter. She had mentioned some odd things about the Cock lane story. I heard the daughter say to the mother, Mother, you are the Chick-lane ghost; remember the gully-hole. The old woman used to call me old perfume tea dog. The daughter would say, Mother, remember you are the perfumer.

Q. What were the mother's answers?

Rooker. They were with desiance (if any) to the daughter. This behaviour was often repeated and was continued till the 9th of June last, when she was there early in the morning; I told her I was sorry for her own sake that she would not behave better. In the afternoon I received a letter full of abuses: it was wrote to my sister in Bloomsbury-square by the old woman.

Q. Can you prove she wrote it?

Rooker. No.

Court. You must give no account of it.

Rooker. Then the whole story of the murder of these two children came out. I demanded of the daughter what was the meaning of those words between her mother and she? The daughter with tears in her eyes, and great reluctance, desired it might be a secret; then she told me that these children were starved to death; that Ann Nailor died first, whom the mother would not bury; and the reason the mother gave for it, she said, was, because it would be clear evidence that she was starved to death, by the appearance of the body: That in a few hours after the body was carried up stairs into the garret, and locked up in a box, where it was kept for upwards of two months, till it purrefied, and maggots came from her. The mother then took it out of this box, cut it to pieces, cut her arms and legs off, burnt one of the hands in the fire, cursing her that her bones were so long in consuming, saying, the fire told no tales: Then (I believe the same night) she tied the body and head in a brown cloth, and the other parts in another, being part of the bed furniture: that she carried them to Clnck-lane gully-hole: that her mother told her, as she was coming back, she saw one Mr. Inch, that keeps a public house near Temple-bar; when she came in there, the man cried out, What is the matter there is such a stink in the house? That she said he had it all to himself, for she smelt none: that she called for some brandy, and drank it, and went away immediately; in consequence of this I wrote a letter to the officers of the parish of Tottenham High Cross.

On his Cross Examination, he said, It was pure compassion that he took the daughter to be his servant, on account of the ill usage of the mother: that the daughter said she did not know where to go, and she would make away with herself in some pond: that the daughter was always in the power of the mother, who was often scolding at her, and he has frequently seen scratches in the daughter's face.

Thomas Lovegrove . In the year 1758 I was overseer of the parish of St. Andrew, Holborn; on the 5th of December that year, near 12 o'clock at night, the constable of the night came to me with two watchmen, and told me there were some parts of a dead body lying at the gully-hole in Chick-lane; he desired I would come and take it away, or cause it to be done. I went along with him; we called at the workhouse and got a shell, and carried it with us; when we came within a little distance of the body, it smelt so very strong, that the watchmen did not care to take up the parts; the first that were taken up was the trunk of the body; then I ordered them to take their lanthorns and look about; and when we had picked up all the parts they could find, the hands were wanting to make the body complete. The body was carried to the workhouse that night; the next morning I went and acquainted Mr. Umfreville the coroner of it; he desired I would get the parts washed and put together in the best manner we could; they were washed in a tub of water, and laid upon a long board. The coroner came and took a view of the body, and gave me his warrant to bury it, and in consequence of that it was buried.

Q. Did it appear of what sex the body was?

Lovegrove. I took it to be a female; I could not see distinctly the sex; it appeared to be the body of a young person.

Margaret Thomas . I only just looked at the body; it stunk so prodigiously, that I could not form any judgment of the sex; it appeared to be a young body.

Margaret Jones . I saw part of the body that was found in Chick-lane; I looked upon it by the limbs and breast to be a female.

The Mother's defence.

The child was ill, she had been in an ill state of health a good while, green-sickly; she was ill at that time when I first went to her; she had sainted away; I gave her some hartshorn and water in a cup or glass, I don't know which. She came better to herself; we took her and laid her on the bed in the garret, and I let her lie on the bed because she was weakly, that was the reason I kept her up stairs; the children were kept from her only on the account she was not very well. She had victuals carried her up every day, to the day she ran away. As to the shift, she had slabbered that with hartshorn; and whether she had changed the shift or not, I cannot say; she was not kept without victuals, I scorn the word. When I sat at dinner, one of the three children said she heard a noise; and, upon some of them going up to look for her, and the other going down, they found her gone, and the door open below; I am positive and sure she went alive out of my house. They used to say, if they complained they were starved, and had not victuals enough, they might get out of their apprenticeship when they pleased. She always said she would go with the milk-boy; neither me nor my daughter's cruelty made her ill. She was pretty well the day she went away: her fainting away was owing to constitution; and the children being little was the reason I kept them away from her, because she was not very well.

The Daughter's defence.

The night before this unfortunate accident happened, I begged of my mother to let her have some supper. She made use of very bad oaths, and said she should have none; that neither she nor I should conquer her. She said I lived in laziness myself, and wanted them to live so too. About eleven o'clock she ordered me to go up for her to go to bed; I did not see any more of her till the next morning: I

had told my mother the night before, when I went to put her to-bed, that I believed the girl would die, for she went up stairs upon all fours, she was so weak and saint. In the morning I went up by accident into the other room; I did not think she was tied; she had not been tied that morning: I spoke to her, she made me no answer; I did not stay a minute, but came down, and told my mother that she would not speak: She went up stairs, and staid about a minute, or two or three, and came down again, and gave me a dumb beckon that I might come, and the girls not know it. I took the bottle under my apron, that they might see it, and went up some minutes after, and saw Ann Nailor sitting on the stairs, with her back to the wainscot; my mother said to her, Nan, ask my pardon, and I will forgive you. The girl held her hands up together, and looked up to her mistress, but could not speak; she then carried her up stairs and undressed her, and laid her on the bed in her shift; I was busy below a washing: I went down stairs, and left my mother with her, after I had been down a little while, my mother came to me, and told me she believed she would die; I don't know that I went up stairs till the afternoon; in the afternoon my mother had been up stairs, and came and told me she was dead.

The Mother. She never died in my house.

The Daughter. My mother then told me to come up stairs and look at her. When I came up, her eyes were open: I said she was not dead; she told me she was dead, though I did not know it. She took off her shift, and the sheet from the bed, and gave me them to wash, and gave me a strict charge not to let the girls know any thing of the matter; and she herself carried up some victuals, to make the children believe she had her supper.

The Mother. She never died in my house.

The Daughter. She lay in the back garret that night: My mother went up by herself the next day after breakfast, and came down and told me she had put her into the other garret, that the girls might not see her: She told me also, that that day at dinner she would say to me, There is a noise, Sally, go down; and do you say there is none; and do not you go down, and she would send Sarah Hinchaman to fetch her down; and she had opened the garret door, to make the girl believe she had opened it, and she had set the street door a little open. This was all done accordingly: Sally Hinchman came down frighted, and said, Madam, Nanny is not there; then my mother said, Girls, did not you hear a noise? The children answered, Lee, Madam, so we did; some of them went down, and found the street door open. My mother said to me, the first time the children were out of hearing. How cleverly they took it in! This girl lay in the fore garret; I desired my mother to apply to the proper people of the parish to have her buried: She said I was a fool; for, if she did, every body would see she was starved; and if the girls were asked, they could not tell how long she went without victuals. I then asked her to see if she could not get the other girls not to say how long she had been without victuals, in order to have her buried? She said, if the people were determined to know, they could know by opening her, for, upon opening her, every-body would know she was starved: She said I need not be so desirous to have her buried, for though you was not guilty, every body would say you was, because you was in the house: She said, if I would but be a good girl, and keep it a secret, it was no more than was my duty, she being my mother; and if I did keep it a secret, it was no more nor so much as many children have done, if I did but know it; and if I would but stay with her till she was out of danger, I should then go to service. When I thought she was out of danger, I begged to go to service, as she had proposed: She said, No, I should not, I should stay with her while she was in the house: She said I might tell it and be d - d, for, if I did, she would swear that I killed her, and that she secreted my crimes; and that she would swear first, and they would believe her before they would me, and that I could find no witnesses, for nobody would believe me. I have often spoke to her to let the children have victuals; we have had many quarrels on that account behind their backs; she was always very angry with me if I ever spoke any thing in the girls favour; and because she would not give them victuals enough, I have often done it unknown to her. She has said, they should see what they got by Miss Sally giving them any thing; she often made them go without two meals, because they have had one of my giving them; and she used to lock them up in the garret, and order me not to let them out, which I used to do when she was gone; and I used to give them the key when she knocked at the door, to lock themselves in, that she might not know it; when she found it out, she used to take the key with her: If I have taken a halfpeny in the shop, I have bought them a roll, and put it in through the window; and if I have had a halfpeny that I dared to touch, I have given it to them. The body never was buried: She wanted me one night to help her in parting the body to pieces, and said, I need not to be afraid of her now she was dead, for it would not bite me; this was two or three months after she died; I do not know the exact time; I told her, indeed I could not; I was then with her up in the room; I offered to go out; she told me I must help her. I got out of the room; she catched hold of my cloaths behind; I cried; she said, What would the girls think, seeing me cry so? She said, How could I be such a cruel brute to leave her? I said, She had brought herself into it, and she must get herself out. After that, she told me she had done the limbs up in one bundle,

and tied the body and head up in another; she tried to take the head off, but could not; she brought them down stairs, and first took the limbs out, and carried them to the gully-hole in Chick-lane: She said she tried to sling them over the wall, but could not; then she came and took the other bundle, which she said she carried to the same place; and when she came there, the other parts were lying there. She told me, when she was coming home, she went in at Mr. Inch's house in Bell-yard, Temple-bar; she called for some brandy, for she was very sick, and the people mentioned there was a great stink; and as she stood there, she observed her gown to be very wet, and came away as soon as she could, fearing she should be suspected. One night, after the children were gone to bed, she brought down the hand which had a stump finger, which she told me she would make away with in the fire, because it tended to making a discovery, and fire concealed every thing. Afterwards she often said she wondered it never was advertised; that she never heard any thing about it. As to using the children ill, I never did; as to beating them with a piece of a broomstick, I do not know that there was one in the house; I have very often been badly beaten in their defence; I was always abused, and she would say it was my fault that the work was not done; she said the children conquered me, but they should not conquer her.

The Mother. Indeed, my Lord, whatever story she may have made, if she has told it to the world, she must carry it on; as God is my judge, the story is false; God must be my judge; she may have made up the story, but it is not true; if the story had been true as to the hand, saying, the fire will make away with every thing, I might as well have done it with the whole body: If that had been the case, if I had put the body there, I should have looked into the advertiser. I suppose she has made up this story, and she cannot get off it; it is false, as God may be my judge.

The Daughter. She said she wished she could have destroyed it all by fire; she would, but it would have made such a stink, that would have alarmed all the neighbours.

The Mother. As God may be my judge, that thing was never acted in my house; if I could be admitted to take an oath, I could make oath of it, that the child went alive out of my house.

For the Mother.

Jane Astin . My mother was a cheesemonger; the old woman used to buy butter, cheese, and bacon of her; she bought the best of every thing; she dealt with us from 1757 to 1759.

Conquest Jones. I have known the old woman about six or seven years; she was my tenant when taken up; I have seen good provision in her house, but was not there on meal times; I never saw the children have any of it. I have desired to see the children, and I have seen them consined in a little close room to work; and really I think it is a cruel consinement to be consined in a little slip of a room from week's end to week's end; it is too close a consinement for any children.

Q. Describe the room.

Jones. It is a little slip about two yards wide at one end, and comes off like a penn worth of cheese; it is too close a place for four girls to sit and work in.

Thomasine Carrier. I have dined with the old woman four times within these four years; we had a goose once, and some stewed beef, the best of provisions that hands could buy; the children eat sufficiently, and were asked to eat more; there were but two children.

Mrs. Goodwin. I have been two or three times at her house, she treated me very well: I never was there at meal times; I saw a quartern loaf, and the best part of a shoulder of mutton; I have seen the room where the children worked, it is a small room, but not so small but they might work there if the door was open.

Nathaniel Woodruff . I have known the old woman about five years; I know nothing of her, only I buy goods of her; I do not know where she lived.

Mr. Garr. I know nothing more of her than her coming to our shop to offer goods for sale.

William Plare . I knew her 20 years, but have had no connexions with her these 12 years. I know nothing for nor against her.

Robert Brooks : I am a baker, she had traded with me; I know no more of her than her coming to my shop, she paid for what she had.

Burket Pen. I have known her four or five years; she makes and sells mitts and purses: I know nothing of her character.

Mr. Inch. I live in Bell-yard, at the haunch of venison, near Temple-bar; I have known the old woman above 12 years.

Q. Do you remember in December 1758, or any time thenabouts, on a night, when you smelt a particular strong smell?

Inch. I never did; I have called in at her house to see her and her daughter, and she has called at my house frequently, by night and by day, with a bandbox; I was examined about this. There it was said she called for a quartern of brandy; she never had a quartern of brandy, except it was mixed with water; she used to have a pint of twopeny. I never was in her house but when I have seen butter and bread plentifully: I have seen her cut victuals for the children, I thought she used to help them to a sufficiency. Her way, after she had done tea, was to pour out a bason of tea, and give it to the children; she is the last person that I should have suspected.

Mrs. Gravely. I have known her from a child, and her mother before her; I did think her to be a humane good woman: I was very little conversant in her family.

Mr. Mullin. I have known her seven years: I keep a perfume shop; she has dealt with me, and I have been at her house; I can't say I have seen the children to take any notice of them.

Inch (again). She called at my house with the deceased girl: She had been with the girl to be cured of a whitlow; the girl told me she believed her finger must be cut off, but she would not consent to it, and the old woman seemed to take the tenderest care a woman could do.

The daughter called, James Richards , James Moody , Mr. Dyer, Ann Thompson , Ann Bradley , and Ann Lestwick , who gave her the character of an industrious person.

Both Guilty , Death .

They received sentence to be executed on the Monday following, which was the 19th of July, and they were executed accordingly .

There was another indictment against them for the wilful murder of Mary Nailor , the deceased's sister, aged about eight years.

Penelope Mandevell.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-31

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209. (M.) Penelope Mandevell , spinster , was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 4 s. two linen waistcoats, val. 3 s. one sustian waistcoat, val. 2 s. one man's hat, val. 6 d. one pair of silver shoebuckles, value 10 s. one silver stockbuckle, one pair of black breeches, and three silver kneebuckles , the property of Thomas Stevens , May 29 . ||

Guilty . T .

Hannah Uphouse, Rachel Freeman.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-32
VerdictsNot Guilty

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210. 211. (M.) Hannah Uphouse was indicted for stealing 12 yards of black sattin, value 3 l. the property of George Howard ; and Rachel Freeman , for receiving the same, knowing them to be stolen , Apr. 4 .~

Both Acquitted .

Catherine Duke.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-33

Related Material

212. (M.) Catherine Duke , widow , was indicted for stealing three silver salts, val. 5 s. three silver spoons, val. 6 s. the property of Robert Lutton , June 27 .

Guilty . T

John Sullivan, William Caswell, William Fitzgerald.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-34

Related Material

213, 214, 215. (M.) John Sullivan , William Caswell , and William Fitzgerald , were indicted, the first for committing a rape on the body of Ann Ward , spinster , and the other two for aiding, abetting, comforting, and assisting the said Sullivan to commit the said rape , June 29 . ||

Ann Ware. About 9 o'clock in the evening on the 29th of June, I was coming from Mrs. Cockshed's in Lambeth Marsh.

Q. Where do you live?

A. Ward. I live opposite North Audley street, Oxford Road, at the house of Mr. Bezley, a cheesemonger: I have lodged there about half a year.

Q. What are you?

A. Ward. I have been a servant ; I take in plain work , milliners work , and wash small cloaths .

Q. How long have you been a servant?

A. Ward. I lived in one place a year and threequarters in Pall Mall, and a year at squire Hickey's in St. Albans street.

Q. Where was you born?

A. Ward. I was born in Warwickshire; my father and mother live there.

Q. What time did you go out from your lodgings that day?

A. Ward. I went out at 4 o'clock, and got to Lambeth Marsh about 8: I returned home through the Horse Guards into the Park; there the prisoner Caswell asked me to drink a glass of wine, which I refused at first.

Q. Did you ever see him before?

A. Ward. No, never to my knowledge, nor any of them.

Q. Whereabouts was you when he accosted you?

A. Ward. As I was coming out at Spring Gardens; I was not got out of the park; he told me he would take me to his lodgings in Great Suffolk street, to the house of one Mrs. Allen.

Q. Was he alone at this time?

A. Ward. He was; I went with him there; he knocked at the door and drew back, and bid me ask for Mr. Sullivan: he did not go in with me. I asked for Sullivan; Sullivan was at the door, and took me up stairs; there was nobody in the room when I was first taken in. Sullivan went down again, and left me along a good while. Then Cas well came up; after he had been up a little time there came another young woman; she came by her self. They had got a bottle of rum, and made rum and water; we sat till near 11 o'clock, drinking rum and water. Then I wanted to come away, and they refused it; and, upon my being obstinate, they put me into a back room; they all of them wanted to hinder my coming away. They locked the back room door, and were all three with me in the room They put the other young woman in another room there I heard a crying out. Caswell lay with me and the other two assisted him the while.

Q. Did he enter your body?

A. Ward. He did.

Q. What did Fitzgerald do?

A. Ward. He lay on the bed with me at the same time; and when I made any resistance, he held me.

I arose up, and thought I was got clear of them, but Caswell knocked me down on the floor; and when I cried out for assistance, he beat me about the head and arms, and told me nobody would come to my assistance; and I believe he would have murdered me, if Fitzgerald had not said, Do not murder the poor creature; remember, you came of a woman yourself; do not use her ill. Though Fitzgerald took my part, yet he lay with me the same as the others did.

Q. Did you make any resistance?

A. Ward. I did not make a great deal; I was not able. He entered my body too, then Caswell picked my pocket of 1 s. and 4 1/2 d. After that Sullivan lay with me in the same manner as the others did; then they left me, I believe; but I do not know when, for they left me senseless. When I came to myself, I found nobody in the room; I called, and they said the door should not be opened; I opened the window with intent to jump out, but I found it too high: I cried to get out; it was up two pair of stairs. I looked round the room, and found another door; I went down another pair of stairs: then it was light; I believe it was about five o'clock; I opened the street-door; Mrs. Allen called to me; she said she had been up all night, and had heard such a violent noise in the house, she was afraid of being murdered. She said one of them came down to her with a sword: she said she knew I had been very ill used by my being beat and bruised about the head and face. I had not a shilling to get a warrant; she said she would lend me one. I staid with her in her room near two hours; then I went to Justice Garnoa at Charing-cross for a warrant: I took up Mrs. Allen, the woman of the house, that morning.

Q. Why did you take her up?

A. Ward. Because she said he heard me crying out all night.

Q. Did you call the watch?

A. Ward. No, I did not: the men were taken the night following, or the morning after; it was on the Tuesday night I was taken to that house, and on the Wednesday night Sullivan was taken at the same house; and the other two the next morning.

Q. How came you, who had never seen these men before in your life, to go along with one of them there alone?

A. Ward. He told me he would use me extremely well: he appeared in the character of an officer. I did not expect to be used any other way than well.

Q. Did those men lie with you against your will and consent, or no?

A. Ward. Yes, they did.

Q. What did you go with Caswell for to this house?

A. Ward. I had no other apprehension than that he took me there but to lie with me; but when I saw there were two more, I was not willing that any of them should lie with me.

Q. Before you was locked up in that room, was there any proposal made by any of them to lie with you?

A. Ward. No.

Cross Examination.

Counsel. Then he pick'd you up in the Park, and you went with him, intending to lie with him?

A. Ward. Yes.

Counsel. That was very odd to lie with a stranger.

A. Ward. It was, to be sure.

Q. Did you make any opposition to going with him at first?

A. Ward I did; but he said I should be well used, and might go away when I would.

Q. Do you know who the woman was that came up to you?

A. Ward. No.

Q. What time did she go away?

A. Ward. I do not know.

Q. Was you at all in bed with Caswell?

A. Ward. No.

Q. Were his breeches off?

A.. That I cannot swear: the candle was out, and it was dark.

Q. Was there not a charge upon you that you was got to his pocket?

A. Ward. Yes, he d - d me and said, What is your hands doing in my breeches? this he said when I challenged him with picking my pocket.

Q. Was this before or after the violence offered to your person?

A. Ward. This was after that.

Q. Had you produced any money before them?

A. Ward I had only 2 s. 5 1/2 d. and one of the shillings was got into my glove, so they missed that.

Q. When you went before the justice, what information did you make at first?

A. Ward. The same that I have said here.

Q. Did you set your name to one paper or two?

A. Ward. I set my name to two.

Q. Look at this [ producing a paper]; Is this the first or last?

A. Ward. The first, I believe; but cannot be certain.

Counsel. Here is no mention made of having been robbed.

A. Ward. I believe there is not, but I told the

justice of it: my information there was the same as now.

Mrs. Allen. I live in Suffolk-street, and have for five years past: it is a house of lodgings for quality, that is, people of fashion. My husband was a cabinet maker; he is dead. The three prisoners at the bar took lodgings at my house on the 25th or 26th of last June.

Q. Which took the lodgings?

Allen. Caswell did; and said, Mr. Fitzgerald was his guardian, and that he must have another bed for his guardian in the same room: it was a two pair of stairs floor. I never saw him in my life before he came to my house, or either of the others.

Q. Did you desire to know their characters?

Allen. I never dispute the character of an officer, if he has a sword by his side and a lac'd hat on.

Q. How long did they take the lodgings for?

Allen. For a week: I never let them but from week to week. They were in my house but three days: I think they came on the Friday, and I desired them to go out on the Monday, because I did not like their proceedings: they told me they would not go out

Q. What do you know of the matter?

Allen. Sullivan came down on the Tuesday night and wanted a tea-kettle of water; I boiled him one at ten, and he came down again for another at eleven. I said, I could not light a fire, my maid was ill; he said, if I would not, he would double me and put me up the chimney, and called me old b - h: he threatened me very much, and said, he would do as he pleased

Q. Had you heard at that time any noise in your house?

Allen. To be sure I heard a noise of racketting, and I desired them to be quiet; then they said, Do not molest us; we'll do as we please. I went to bed in the kitchen under ground; I always lie there; that was soon after eleven, and got up rather before six. My servant had scalded her leg, and she was in bed in the garret; some distance from them, not over their heads, but over another part of the house; she had not been down some days.

Q. Did you hear any cries of a woman?

Allen. Indeed I could not distinguish the voice of a woman so far off.

Q. Did you hear any body cry out for help?

Allen. To the best of my knowledge I did not. I heard a noise between eleven and twelve; but I was weary, and went to bed: when I got up the young woman was standing at my street-door. I hearing the door open, and not shut, I got up, because there were two people in the garret that were to go out at six. I had put my cloaths on, but being very ill, lay down again.

Q. Had you ever seen Ann Ward before?

Allen. No, never to my knowledge. I asked her what brought her there, or to whom she belonged? she told me she was pick'd up somewhere about Spring Garden, and decoyed into the house by one or two gentlemen, and they had ravished her, and robbed her of 1 s. and 4 d.

Q. What kind of condition did she appear to be in?

Allen. She seemed to be a little flurried: I did not examine her. She went away after staying about half an hour. She told me she had been very badly used: she went immediately to Justice Garnon, and fetch'd a warrant for me; she had told me she would fetch a warrant for them, and she had no money; I said, if she came to me I would lend her a shilling, because I did not like their proceedings, and I would be gl ad to get them out of my house.

Q. Did you lend her a shilling?

Allen. No, I did not, because I had no silver I was taken with a warrant before Justice Garnon about two o'clock.

Q. Were the prisoners in your house at the time the girl was with you in the morning?

Allen. No; Caswell and Fitzgerald went out between five and six.

Q. Where was Sullivan?

Allen. I suppose he was in bed; but I did not go up to see, for I dare not. I saw Sullivan about eight at the street door; he came down stairs; the other two never came more into my house They would make me find those gentlemen: Justice Garnon granted a warrant in order to take them up. Sullivan came in between eight and nine at night; we took him: I never saw the other two till I saw them before the justice.

Cross Examination.

Q. Do you know Jane Mason ?

Allen. No, I do not.

Q. Did you not see another woman there that Tuesday night?

Allen. No, I did not.

Q. Did an indifferent woman come to you about a week after, and ask you how it happened?

Allen. Yes: she asked me if I knew Ann Ward .

Elizabeth Stevens . I was in the house when the the young woman the prosecutrix came in.

Q. What are you?

Stevens. I am an assistant to the maid, because she has scalded her foot. When she went up stairs I saw the skirt of her gown; I did not see her face.

Q. What time was this?

Stevens. It was about nine o'clock.

Q. Who went up with her?

Stevens. Nobody went up stairs but herself; and Sullivan called to Mrs. Allen for a candle, and in the mean time she went up stairs; when Sullivan had a candle he followed her.

Q. Did you see Fitzgerald or Caswell that night?

Stevens. No, I did not: I went out into the street, being willing to see, and I saw two women sitting in the window, and there was no noise among them.

Q. Do you lie in the house?

Stevens. I do; in the one pair of stairs room.

Q. What time did you go to bed?

Stevens. I went to bed about half an hour after eleven.

Q. What time did you get up the next morning?

Stevens. I got up a little after seven.

Q. Do you lie in a fore or back room?

Stevens. I lie in the fore room.

Q. Did you hear any noise?

Stevens. No. I did not the least noise as is.

Q. Do you sleep sound?

Stevens. No, I never slept sound at all that night. They lay a great way from where I lay; they might have made a noise, and I not heard them: our house is a double house, and the room they were in is three rooms from mine.

Q. Where did you first see your mistress?

Stevens. She had her cloaths on sitting in the kitchen. I did not see the young woman at all till I saw her at the justice's: her aunt, I believe it was, came between seven and eight o'clock, and said her kinswoman had been ill used; she asked for Mrs. Allen. Soon after Sullivan came in I asked him how they came to use the young woman so; he said he did not use her ill. There were two or three women there, and he turned them down stairs; one of them wanted to pick a gentleman's pocket.

Caswell to Prosecutrix. Pray, how did I meet with you in the Park? Did you not catch hold of my sword behind, and ask me where I was going?

Prosecutrix. No, I did not.

Caswell. Did you not ask me where I lodged? and I said at Mrs. Allen's; and you said, that was a house that entertained girls.

Prosecutrix. I told you I did not know; and I asked you what a house it was.

Caswell. Did you not go into the bedchamber willingly?

Prosecutrix. No, I never saw the bedchamber till after I was forced into it, after eleven at night.

Caswell. Did you not lie down on the bed of your own accord?

Prosecutrix. No, I did not.

Caswell. Did I strip?

Prosecutrix. That I do not know.

Caswell. Did I catch your hand in my pocket?

Prosecutrix. No, you did not.

Caswell. Did I not bid you go out of the room?

Prosecutrix. No, you locked me into the room.

Caswell. Did I go to call the watch?

Prosecutrix. I believe he did go to call the watch, but there was no watch came.

Q. What was the watch called for?

Prosecutrix. That I do not know.

Caswell. Did you lay your hands on Fitzgerald's neck and say, pray do not call the watch, for if you do I am ruined for ever.

Prosecutrix. I believe Fitzgerald did hinder me from being murdered.

Caswell to Allen. What kind of a house do you keep?

Allen. I keep a very sober house, and I desired them to go out of my house, for I was afraid of my life. I had put off my cloaths, and put them on again; for I was afraid of their coming down and murdering me, that is the truth.

Caswell's Defence.

The girl that lay in the next room all the night is here to be examined.

Sullivan's Defence.

I have nothing to say. She came to the door, I was getting a bowl and glasses ready, and a gallon of shrub, against my master came home; I said half a gallon would not satisfy them.

For the Prisoners.

Mary Ann Chandles . I was at this house in Suffolk-street.

Q. How came you there?

Chandles. I had been out, and met Mr. Caswell, and he took me to the room: there were Ann Ward and another person in the room when I went in; the other immediately left the room: there was punch proposed, and a gallon of rum drank out that evening. Ann Ward drank glass for glass with the gentlemen.

Q. Was you fuddled?

Chandles. No, I was not; I refused to drink.

Q. Did any of you go to bed?

Chandles. I did; before I went to bed I saw Ann Ward go with Mr. Caswell into his bed-room; that was just before I went to bed.

Q. Did you go to bed in the same room?

Chandles. No; I went to bed in another room along with Mr. Sullivan; he never was near Ann Ward all night; he sat opposite the table to her, and he continued in bed with me all night.

Q. Did you hear any noise in the night?

Chandles. No, I heard none till Caswell called

the watch; he said, she had had her hand in his pocket in order to pick it.

Q. How near was you to them?

Chandles. There was the dining room between them and us; she was in the dining room when he called the watch; I could hear what past; they were not long in the bed room together; she was soon in the dining room after that.

Q. What did she say to that charge of having her hand in his pocket?

Chandles. She said nothing to that, but cried, and made a deal to do, and begged he would not call the watch.

Q. Did you get up immediately?

Chandles. No, I did not; they locked her in the room, and went out about four o'clock in the morning; they told me it was with intent to get a constable to take her to the round-house.

Q. How long was it after you went to bed that he called the watch?

Chandles. This was about a quarter of an hour after.

Q. Did they come back?

Chandles. No, they did not.

Q. Did you know the three prisoners before?

Chandles. I had known them about a week before.

Q. How did you come acquainted with them?

Chandles. I became acquainted with Mr. Caswell in the Park by accident.

Q. Had you ever been at this house before that night?

Chandles. No, I had not; I had been with Mr. Fitzgerald and Mr. Caswell at their lodging in Golden Square; I did not go with them into the lodging, but I went to the place.

Q. Who was the other woman that was there?

Chandles. I really cannot say who she was.

Q. What time was it that Caswell and Ann Ward went together into the bed room?

Chandles. It was about two o'clock.

Q. Did you know Ann Ward before?

Chandles. No, I did not.

Jane Mason . I knew Ann Ward by fight, not that I spoke to her till last week. I heard of these three gentlemen being confined; I went to enquire whether it was true or not; this was yesterday was a week. I asked her, what was all this that was done in her house? She said, do not come bothering of me about it, I know nothing about her; do not come bothering about a common whore of the town. I know Ann Ward , for when I lived at Mr. Wilson's lottery office, she came there about some tickets. Last week I was coming through the Park, I saw her; I stept up to her, and said, how do you do, madam? She said, I dont know you; I have seen you some where; I do not know where. Said I, are you not the gentlewoman that has committed these three men to gaol? Said she, I shall make a fine booty of them; but, she said, her aunt would not appear for her, so there were none that would speak for her. I said, will not Mrs. Allen speak for you? She said, she did not think she would.

Q. Did you know the three men before?

Jane Mason . I never saw them till I saw them in the Gatehouse. I asked their washer-woman to let me go and see them; so she let me, at my request, carry their clean linen to them.

Q. On what account did you want to see them?

Jane Mason . I wanted to see them because they were committed so falsely.

Q. What could induce you to go to the house of Mrs. Allen to ask about them as you knew none of them?

Jane Mason . It was out of curiosity.

Q. to A. Ward. Did you go into the dining room after you had been in the bed room?

A. Ward. No, I never did; I never was out of the bed room till I found the way out myself.

Q. How long did they stay in the bed room?

A. Ward. Two of them staid with me; but Sullivan did not stay above a quarter of an hour.

Q. Did Caswell charge you with having a hand in his breeches?

A. Ward. I charged him with having a hand in my pocket, and then he charged me; this was after he had laid with me.

Q. Do you remember the watch being called?

A. Ward. There was something about calling the watch, but that was from the dining room.

Q. What time was that?

A. Ward. I believe it was about half an hour after two o'clock.

Q. Did you desire them not to call the watch?

A. Ward. No, I did not.

Q. Did this girl that has been examined come in before or after you?

A. Ward. She came in after me.

Q. Did you know Jane Mason before?

A. Ward. I never saw her before now, to my knowledge, upon my oath.

George Rowen , Esq; I live in Poultney-street; I am a student in the Middle Temple, and am a justice of peace in the county of Kerry in Ireland; I was sent for by Caswell to go to justice Garnan's; he was in distress there. I told Mr. Garnan I should be glad to see what was the charge against these young men. He took out the examination which was given against them, he read it to me; when he had gone through them, I asked, what was to be done for these people? I said, by the case they are bailable; because to the best of my judgement I thought so.

Q. Why do you think so?

Rowen. There was nothing charged positive; it was rather an attempt to ravish I told them I

would get the best bail I could. Sir, said the justice, are you a house-keeper. I said, I am not, but I would join with them. I sent for my taylor, and desired he would come down; he accordingly came down. I applied to the prisoners to know if they had any body else to be bail for them. Then the justice said he would do nothing in the affair till he saw the prosecutrix. Sir, said I, is she to think them sufficient, or you? Upon which I waited a considerable time, and found there was nothing to be done in it; I thought there was something singular in it. I went for advice. After that I was told the prosecutrix was come, and was at justice Garnan's. I went to Caswell, and asked what was done? He said, nothing; the door was locked; Mr. Garnan said he was not ready for us yet; and in a quarter of an hour there was word sent he was ready; then there was an absolute rape sworn; then I said, it is an odd affair, and made some little annotations of my own; that this lady's place of abode was not mentioned; and, in the second place, there was a rape sworn only against Caswell; then the girl said the other men had done the same; then that was interlined. I found there was nothing to be done, either good, bad, or indifferent, but they must go to gaol. Said I to Caswell, put it out of your head, you must go to gaol; they were carried to the Gatehouse.

Q. Do you know any thing of your own knowledge of this affair?

Rowen. On Monday the fifth of July Ann Ward came to Mrs. Allen's while I was there. Mrs. Allen had a mind to lock the door; I said, you shall not while I am here. I said, Miss Ward, you see what an unfortunate condition these poor creatures are in, tell me the case. I asked her where Caswell picked her up? She said, in Spring Gardens. I asked her, did she consent to go to his lodgings? She said, she expected genteel treatment; but she had the contrary. She told me Caswell gave her a box, and she got a mark, pointing near her eye; she declared solemnly she had been robbed by these people of one shilling and four-pence; and said, she could swear to a guinea, if she pleased: then she swore she would lose her life or have satisfaction. I asked her, what satisfaction she expected? She bid me go to justice Garman, and he would tell me. I said I had been there, and could not meet with him. I said, in the name of God, can you be so bitter to take those peoples lives, when you confess you was a street-walker? Then she abused me for what I had said before the justice. I beg my lord she may be confronted by me; I know she will not deny a little.

Q. What are the prisoners?

Rowen. I have known Caswell from his infancy: he is a man of character.

Q. Do you think he would be guilty of such a thing as this?

Rowen. Since I see this affair before me, I will not pretend to say.

Q. What is Caswell's business?

Rowen. His father is an attorney in Ireland. He came over here to raise forty men for the government's service: he has lodged in three places; the first place he was eaten up with bugs: he left that and came to Mrs. Allen's, and that was not of the best character; there are women of bad character come there.

Q. Did he lodge in Golden Square?

Rowen. No, he never did; the last lodging he was in was next door to me; he was not there long, for he was sent to the Gatehouse.

Justice Garnan. I am ready to be sworn, if the court think proper.

[He is sworn.]

Justice Garnan. There was but one examination taken of this young woman; this is it [producing one]; she came and made a complaint on the Wednesday morning, and told me the story almost exactly as she has done here.

Q. Did she complain of an attempt to ravish her, or that she had actually been ravished?

Garnan. She told the circumstances as now, and I apprehended it a rape; but I was tender, as she had told me of having been picked up in the park, and it made me a little delicate; the circumstances were extreamly strong.

Q. Was this the first and only examination?

Garnan. This is the first and only examination which she signed; there were, previous to this, papers taken down, and I ordered my clerk to reduce them into one; there were what she said at first; what she said when I granted my warrant to take up Allen; and then what she said on other examinations: the old woman promised to do the best she could to take them; she said she thought they would come in the evening; and in the evening Sullivan came and was taken; he was brought to me, and I sent him to St. Martin's round-house. Mrs. Allen declared he came down stairs with a drawn sword, and threatened her. The young woman did charge all three with having lain with her.

All three Guilty , Death .

Elizabeth Ford.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-35
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

216. (M.) Elizabeth Ford , spinster , was indicted for stealing one metal watch, value four pounds, and one gold ring, value ten shillings , the property of Thomas Dare , May 28 + .

Thomas Dare . I was walking home one night from Tottenham Court Road; about eleven o'clock at night I met the prisoner at the bar; I went home with her to her lodgings somewhere in St. Giles's,

I do not know the place; we went to bed; I remember I had my watch and ring then; I went to sleep; when I awaked she was gone, and my watch and ring, and some other things that I have not mentioned; the door was left open.

Q. Was the door locked when you went to bed?

Dart. No. The prisoner was not found for a month after; then she confessed she had had the watch and ring, and another person had them from her; I never got them again.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am innocent of the affair.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Wilkinson.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-36

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217. (M.) Elizabeth Wilkinson , spinster , was indicted for stealing two linen gowns, value six shillings, one crape gown, value three shillings, one linen petticoat, value twelve pence, one pair of silver buckles, one pair of stone ear-rings, and one stone shirt buckle , the property of Sarah Moise , July 11 || .

Sarah Moise . I live in the Strand. I have known the prisoner above a year by sight. I had kept the prisoner out of charity for near a month.

Q. How old is she?

Moise. Her brother told me to-day she is twenty years of age. I left her in charge with these things, and went out last Sunday, about twelve o'clock. When I came home she was gone, and left my door open. She did not come home. I went to bed, and in the morning I missed the things mentioned in the indictment. She owned she had taken the things, and had pawned them at different places.

Three different pawnbrokers produced the several things, and deposed the prisoner pawned them.

Guilty . T .

William Scott.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-37

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218. (M.) William Scott , was indicted for stealing two silver spoons, value ten shillings, one silver salt, value four shillings one silver tea spoon, value one shilling, one pair of silver tea-tongs, value one shillings , the property of William Porter , June 14 || .

Elizabeth Porter . I keep an eating house at the Hermitage ; the prisoner has dined at my house five or six times; I missed these things on the 14th of June; he had been at my house that day. Last Friday he came to the Ship tavern near me; I went and charged him with taking the things; I took him before Justice Berry; he at first denied knowing any thing of them, but at last owned he had taken and pawned them, and shewed us the house where they were found

The prisoner in his defence said he could not show in the least how he came by them.

Guilty . T .

Robert Powell.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-38

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219. (M.) Robert Powell , was indicted for stealing nine iron hoops, value four shillings , the property of Sir Benjamin Trueman , Knt , June 8 .

Guilty . T .

Michael Robinson.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-39

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220 (L.) Michael Robinson , was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value twenty shillings , the property of Edward Hodges , May 30 .~

Edward Hodges . I had a lame leg, and was in St. Bartholomew's hospital ; the prisoner came to me, and asked me how I did? After that I fell to sleep; when I awaked I missed my watch, which I had hung up by my bed's head; I could mistrust nobody but the prisoner; he was four beds from me; he was searched, and my watch found in his pocket

Guilty . T .

William Summers.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-40
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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221. (M.) William Summers , was indicted for stealing twenty yards of Russia linen, value ten shillings , the property of George Charlwood , June 24 ++ .

Guilty . W .

Hannah Robinson.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-41
VerdictNot Guilty

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222. (M) Hannah Robinson , otherwise Degoe , widow , was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value four pounds, one pair of metal buckles, value sixpence, and six shillings in money numbered , the property of James Barrel July 2 ++ .

Acquitted .

Mary Page.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-42

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223 (M) Mary, wife of John Page , was indicted for stealing one featherbed, value forty shillings, a pair of sheets, a bolster, a copper saucepan, a poker, and fire shovel, the property of Henry Ventham , in her ready furnished lodgings , July 12 .~

Guilty . T .

Sarah .
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-43
VerdictNot Guilty

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224. (M.) Sarah, wife of Thomas Davis , was indicted for stealing one guinea, one half guinea, and one four and six penny piece , the property of Christopher M'Cabe , June 6 .~

Acquitted .

James Hardy, John Adwell.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-44
VerdictNot Guilty

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225, 226. (M.) James Hardy , a second time, and John Adwell , were indicted, for that they on the king's highway did make an assault on Jonathan Willis , putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person four shillings in silver, and four shillings in halfpence, a woollen cap, a silk handkerchief, and a linen handkerchief .

The prosecutor deposed he was stopped and robbed near the Angel garden , in the back lane, by three persons, but could not be certain to them. Hunter the evidence deposed he himself was one of the three, and that the other two were, one named James Hervey , the other Jack Smith ; and that Smith very much favoured Adwell.

Both acquitted .

Elizabeth Hughes, Alice Foy.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-45
VerdictNot Guilty

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227, 228. (M.) Elizabeth Hughes , and Alice Foy , were indicted for stealing one leather bag, value one penny, and seventeen shillings and sixpence in money, the property of William Needie , privately from his person , June 19 .~

Both acquitted .

Mary Cooper.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-46
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment

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229. (M.) Mary, wife of John Cooper , was indicted for the wilful murder of Lydia, wife of William Fletcher ; she stood charged on the coroner's inquest for manslaughter, June 10 ++ .

William Fletcher , the deceased my wife, was led home by two women; the blood went over her

handkerchief into her shoes. This was on the 10th of June, and she died the 22 d.

Q. What did she die of?

Thatcher. I believe of that wound on her head. She said the prisoner gave it her by flinging her down.

Q. When did she tell you this?

Thatcher. About 3 or 4 days before she died.

Mr. Allen. I am a surgeon. I attended the deceased. The two women were drinking together. Mary Cooper desired the deceased to go out of her house several times. The deceased said she was afraid of her husband, and chose to stay all night. Mary Cooper took her by the right arm, and desired her to go out; the other catched hold of the door-case, and desired her to stay in. There were then high words on both sides. Then Cooper said, if you do not get out, I will knock you down, and kill you.

Q. Were those her words?

Allen. I think so. They were both very much in liquor. At last the prisoner got her out. She went a little way, and came back again, and said, the people that lived here before you were hanged you b - h. The prisoner had not struck her then, but desired her to go out. What shall I be hanged for? said the prisoner. The other replied, if you kill me, you will be hanged. The prisoner gave her a push on the breast, and said, you b - ch get home. She fell on her back, and received three wounds, but the scull was not fractured in the least. The prisoner's husband came and took her up. Then she and he went in and shut the door. Afterwards the deceased came to the threshold, and said, mistress, I am not gone. She put her hand to her head, and found it bloody. I took her home, and dressed her head. Next morning she was brought to me by two women. The wound seemed to be in a fair way. She lived very irregularly. I do not look upon it that this wound was the cause of her death. I believe the prisoner did what she did with intention to put her from the door.

Guilty of Manslaughter . B .

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Ann Seward, Rachael Freeman.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-47
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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230, 231. (M.) Ann, wife of Roger Seward , and Rachael, wife of John Freeman , were indicted; the first for stealing 14 yards of muslin, val. 2 l. 16 s. the property of John Vere ; and the other for receiving the same, knowing it to be stolen , June 26 + .

John Vere . I am alinen draper . On the 16th of June Seward came into my shop and bought half a yard of Irish (I was not at home). As soon as I came home a lady wanted some muslin, then I missed a piece, and mentioned it to my man. On Saturday the 19th she came again, she bought a yard of muslin, and away she went. I followed her, and got an acquaintance, Mr. Lewis, to go with me to dodge her. She went into Mr. Webster's shop in Bond-street. I sent Mr. Lewis into the shop to tell him we suspected her to be a shop-lifter; they searched her, and found a piece of muslin upon her. The next morning she confessed she had taken mine, and had sold it to Mrs. Freeman the other prisoner, who lives in Germyn-street, for 13 s.

Q. How much was there of your muslin?

Vere. There were upward of 14 yards of it, it cost me 4 s. 2 d. a yard. Justice Wright granted a warrant to search Mrs. Freeman's house, where we found about 7 yards and a quarter. I was certain it was part of the same I lost. Freeman said she bought it of Seward.

Seward guilty . T .

Freeman acquitted .

Hannah Adams.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-48
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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232. (M.) Hannah Adams , was indicted for privately stealing one six and ninepenny piece, and 1 s. 6 d. in money, numbered, the property of Thomas Hilliard , from his person || .

Guilty of stealing, but not privately , T .

Rebecca Macguire.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-49
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment

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233. (M.) Rebecca Macguire , widow , was indicted for stealing one guinea, one half guinea, and 5 s. and sixpence in money, numbered, the property of Thomas Cope , privately from his person , July 3 ++ .

Guilty of stealing, but not privately . T.

[Branding. See summary.]

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Jane Milbourn.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbert17620714-50
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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234. (M.) Jane Milbourn , otherwise Ferguson , was indicted for stealing several parcels of silk , the property of Joseph Aldersey and William Cooms , June 3 + .

Guilty . B.

As the receiver is to be tried next sessions, our readers may expect this trial in the next paper.

[Branding. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
14th July 1762
Reference Numbers17620714-1

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death 8, viz. John Plackett , James Hardy , Richard Mitchell , John Sullivan , Francis Caswell , otherwise Cassel, William Fitzgerald , Sarah Metyard , and Sarah Morgan Metyard - Sarah Morgan Metyard pleaded her belly, and a jury of matrons were impanelled, and brought in their verdict not quick with child.

Transportation for seven years, 19; viz. William Elgar , Richard Rusted , William Clinch , William Thorn , Slice Waddington, Michael Robertson , Penelope Mandevill , Ann Seward , Catharine Duke, Jeremiah Jones , Elizabeth Wilkerson , William Scott , Robert Powell , Hannah Adams , William Carey , Thomas Ashford, William Harrison , Mary King , and Mary Page .

To be branded, 6; viz. Catherine Neal , Jane Milbourne , Richard M'Gee, and to be imprisoned 6 months, Mary Cooper , Rebecca Macguire , and Fra. Rawlins.

To be whipped, 2; viz. Thomas Robertson , and William Summers .

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