Old Bailey Proceedings.
21st April 1762
Reference Number: 17620421

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
21st April 1762
Reference Numberf17620421-1

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THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 21st, Thursday the 22d, and Friday the 23d of APRIL, 1762.

In the Second Year of His MAJESTY's Reign; Being the Fourth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir SAMUEL FLUDYER , Bart. LORD MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.

NUMBER IV. for the YEAR 1762.


Printed for and Sold by JOHN RYALL , in Fleet-street.



King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.

N. B. During the whole Mayoralty of the Right Hon. Sir SAMUEL FLUDYER , Bart. the Price of these Proceedings for each Session will be only Six-Pence.

BEFORE the Right Hon. Sir SAMUEL FLUDYER , Bart. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Right Hon. Lord Chief Justice Mansfield*, Sir Edward Clive +, Knt. Hon. Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe ||, Knt. Sir William Moreton ++, Knt. Recorder, James Eyre ~, Esquire, Deputy Recorder; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

N. B. The *, +, ||, ++, ~, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoner was tried.

L. London, M Middlesex.

London Jury.

Edward Woodcock ,

Richard Wynn ,

Thomas Milner ,

Thomas Power ,

Robert Emerton ,

John Shelton ,

William Lane .

Matthew Burroughs ,

Isaac Charties ,

Gyles Turner ,

William Norman ,

Edmund Mason .

Middlesex Jury.

James Wilde ,

John Woodin ,

a William Ward ,

a Samuel Lane served part of the time in the room of William Ward.

Robert Watson ,

Robert Jason ,

Jason Lofton ,

George Fraswell ,

John Miller ,

George Smith ,

Walter Knight ,

Joseph Whitacre ,

Peter Hurlston .

Frances Flood.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-1
VerdictNot Guilty

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116. (M.) Frances, wife of John Flood , was indicted for stealing one pound weight of tea, value 4 s. the property of Elizabeth Penn , widow , April 12 .

John Penn . I am son to the prosecutrix: we live in Holborn, and keep a grocer's shop; the prisoner came on Monday was sevennight, and bought a quarter of an ounce of bohea tea; after she was gone, we missed a pound of green tea which was weighed, and done up in a paper to be sent to a customer with other goods. I sent John Hughes our servant after her, who brought her and the tea back into the shop.

John Hughes . After the prisoner was gone out of the shop, my master missing the pound of tea, sent me after her. I overtook her about 3 or 4 hundred yards from our shop; I looked in her apron and saw the tea; I took it out. I asked her, how she came to take it? She said, she did not take it. When I got her in the shop, my master and mistress asked her, how she came to take it? She then fell down on her knees, and asked pardon.

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked the parcel up in the street, and put it in my apron: I had taken it out, and was making a hole in the paper to see what it was, when the young man came and asked me for it.

Hughes. She was not making a hole in it, it was lying in her apron.

Q. From the Prisoner to Penn: Was there not another person in the shop when I was there?

Penn. I believe there was.

Acquitted .

Edward Jewen.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-2

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117. (M.) Edward Jewen , otherwise Chambers, otherwise Gordon , was indicted for stealing one silver tankard, value 10 l. one silver mug, value 40 s. one silver soup spoon, value 3 l. six silver table spoons, value 3 l. and one linen apron, value 1 s. the property of Robert Currie , in the dwelling house of the said Robert , October 25, 1759.

Robert Currie . I live in St. Martin's-street, Leicester-fields . The prisoner at the bar lodged at my house in October 1759; there was a bureau in the room where he lay, in which were the tankard, mug, and large soup spoon; it was kept locked. The six table spoons were in a case with some knives on a shelf in the same room.

Q. Did you let the room ready furnished to the prisoner?

Currie. No, he only paid for the bed.

Q. When did you see these things there last?

Currie. I saw them in the bureau in the day time on the 24th of October 1759. I had a suspicion that he was not honest; and that night I double locked the street door, and took the key up to bed. In the morning we found the window upon the stairs open that looked into the street, and a lamp iron just by it, which was bent, I suppose, by his holding by it to let himself down. We went up to his room, and found the bureau door open, and he was gone; then I missed the things laid in the indictment, and have found neither of them since. After I had searched for him and could not find him, I went to justice Fielding, and had him described in the Public Advertiser, which was about the 26th. About a year, or a year and a half after, the prisoner sent me a letter,

"That if I would

"send for him from Doncaster gaol, and secure him

"in any other gaol, he would make me satisfaction

"for the injury he had done me; and the

"sooner I sent the better." I found he was sentenced to be shot as a deserter.

Q. Do you know the prisoner's hand writing?

Currie. I do not, but my wife can speak to that. Justice Fielding has the letter; there was the prisoner's name to it; and I know not who could direct such a letter to me but himself. After that he was brought to the Savoy, I saw him on the last fast day in the morning, and charged him with taking the things here mentioned: he denied it.

Elizabeth Currie . I am wife to the prosecutor. I was in the prisoner's room on the 24th of October 1759, and brought the candle down, and he locked the door after I went out of the room; this was about 10 o'clock, or a little after when he went to bed. I had been to the bureau; he saw me lock it: I then saw the silver tankard, mug, and soup spoon; they were all together: the silver table spoons were in a case on a shelf in the same room; he saw me examine them. I locked up the case which they were in, and took away the key which used to hang to it. Our dwelling-house door was double locked, and there was no other way out of the house, but by that door. In the morning I was up first to get the irons ready against the men came to work. I went up to the shop (the room above the prisoner's) he laid up two pair of stairs, his door stood a jar; I saw the bureau open; I missed the things mentioned; then I came down, and saw the window open over the door, and the lamp iron pulled down. He might go from that window upon the leads, and by the lamp iron get down easy; there had not been a living soul in the room but himself.

Q. Did you see the letter your husband speaks of?

Eliz. Currie. I did, and know it to be the prisoner's own hand writing. I have heard him dispute with another man who could write best. The contents of the letter were, if my husband would take him from that gaol to any other of his majesty's prisons, he should have the things again, or else satisfaction for the injury he had done us.

Prisoner's Defence.

I acknowledge I lodged in the prosecutor's house, but I know nothing at all about the things.

Prosecutor. He said when before justice Fielding, he never lodged in my house.

Prisoner. I was not in the house that night they speak of.

Guilty Death .

John Smith.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-3
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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118. (L.) John Smith , was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 40 s. one silver watch chain, value 2 s. and one glass seal, value 6 d. the property of Anthony Andrews , privately and secretly from his person , April 4 . +

Anthony Andrews . I had been at a lecture: as I came out from St. Dunstan's church last Sunday was fortnight between eight and nine at night, four men hustled me in betwixt them; I found my watch jerk'd out of my pocket; I put my hand down and found it gone. Who took it out I cannot say; upon seeing the prisoner move off as fast as he could, I followed him.

Q. Was he one of the four that you mention?

Andrews. No, he was not: he found I followed him, and he dodged me, and turned between the coaches; after that he ran down Fleet-street as fast as he could; I ran after him, calling out stop thief: he was stopped at the corner of Fetter-lane; when I came to him two men asked me, what I had lost? I said, my watch. The prisoner said, is it your watch? I said, yes. He had it in his hand, and gave it me immediately [produced in court, and deposed to]; he begged of me to let him go.

Joseph Brown . I had been at the lecture at St. Dunstan's that evening: I heard the cry stop thief, and saw the prisoner running. I stopped him near Fetter-lane. Mr. Andrews came up, and said he had lost his watch. The prisoner said, is it yours, sir? Yes, said he; then he immediately gave it him. I and another person held him till a constable was fetched; he was taken to Bridewell that night. The next day before the sitting alderman he said necessity drove him to it.

William Bodington . I am constable. A young man came to my house, and told me there was a person taken into custody for stealing a watch. I went, and took him to Bridewell. I said to the prisoner, it is a strange thing you cannot be honest; how came you to take this watch? He said, he did take it, but it was the first time he had ever been guilty of any such thing.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming by St. Dunstan's Church. There were a great many people coming out of church. I could not get past; I turned back again. When I came out of the mob, I found the watch hanging by my button; it knocked against my thigh. I was obliged to go by the coaches, and run as fast as I could. The gentleman called stop thief. I had the watch in my hand, and said to him, is it yours? He said, it was; so I immediately gave it him.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately . T .

John Clark.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-4
VerdictNot Guilty

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119. (M.) John Clark , was indicted for committing a rape on the body of Sarah the wife of Charles Denman , February 20 .*

Sarah Denman . On the 20th of February last, near 11 at night, the prisoner came to me in my room, and asked for pots (he keeps an alehouse , and served us with beer); he asked me if my husband was come home? I said, I did not expect him till the next day or day after. He said, he had something particular to say to me; he shut the door, and came and tore me about in the kitchen from one place to another; he forced me upon a chair by clapping his knee upon my belly; he confined both my hands behind me, and then got his ends of me; that is, he was concerned with me.

Q. Was that by force?

Denman. It was.

Q. Are you a married woman?

Denman. I am, and have had four children.

Council. You must be more particular?

Denman. He had carnal knowledge of my body to all intents and purposes. I come here to say nothing but the truth.

Q. Did you resist him?

Denman. I did all in my power to resist him.

Q. Did you cry out?

Denman. He did all in his power to keep his mouth over mine, and endeavoured to prevent my speaking or crying out.

Q. How long did he stay after this?

Denman. He staid but a very little while after; I believe not three minutes.

Q. Was any application made to you afterwards?

Denman. No.

Q. What did you say to him?

Denman. I told him I would acquaint my husband with it as soon as came home; which I did. Mr. Clark sent three gentlemen, and after that two gentlemen to me: they asked me, if I would make this affair up?

Q. Who were they?

Denman. I know the last two, one was Mr. Gofton in Rosemary-lane, the other Doctor Bare in Nightingale lane.

Q. How do you know the prisoner sent them?

Denman. They told me they came from Mr. Clark.

Q. Did th e prisoner himself make application to you?

Denman. I never spoke to him since. I have seen him at a distance.

Q. Was any body with you when the two men came to you?

Denman. Two women were in the house at the time, Elizabeth White and Isabella Bowling.

On her cross examination she said, she had known the prisoner 19 years - she cried out as loud as possible for help a great many times - that she told her husband on the Tuesday following - that Mr. Plunket the attorney came to her house on the Wednesday, and she told him of it, and on the Thursday made affidavit of it - that she went to Hicks's Hall, and found a bill of indictment against the prisoner on the Thursday - that she never did apply to the prisoner, or any other person, to propose if a hundred pounds were paid there should be no prosecution - that she never consented to take any sum of money in order to stop the prosecution - that the court she lives in is no thoroughfare - that the prisoner keeps an alehouse in Norris's-court.

Thomas Baldwin . I made application on the prisoner's account to Sarah Denman .

Q. Did Mr. Clark send you?

Baldwin. I had no discourse with him about it; but his brother and one Mr. Baker came to my house.

Q. Did his brother live with him?

Baldwin. I do not know that he did.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am intirely innocent of the charge against me. I believe it is done with intent to extort money from me. I was at the house backwards and forwards about my business, but no otherwise.

Q. to S. Denman. Explain the situation of the chair on which you say the fact was done?

Denman. There were two or three chairs standing together. I was hardly in the chair; I was partly in it.

Q. Was you upon the ground?

Denman. No, I was not.

Q. Was it an elbow or a common chair?

Denman. A common chair.

Q. Does your husband owe the prisoner any money?

Denman. He does, a trifle of money.

For the Prisoner.

Elizabeth Waite . I live next door to the prosecutrix; they are wainscot houses; we can very well hear common conversation in her house as we sit in our own, partly any thing they say. My mother was with me this same night. I remember it by my child being christened the next day; if there had been the least crying out in the world we must have heard it; we heard none at all.

Elizabeth Macone her mother deposed to the same purport.

Sarah Hall, her nurse, deposed she was absent that night, and the mother supplied her place, and that it was easy to hear common talk or walking about in the prosecutrix's room, when in the house of Waite.

Elizabeth Chambers deposed, she lived at the next door to the prosecutrix, up one pair of stairs; that she was at home that night, but heard nothing of the crying out, which might easily be heard had it been so; and that the prisoner was a married man, and lived well with his wife; and is a very honest industrious man.

Martha Powell deposed, she lived next door to the prosecutrix, that she was at home, and if there had been any calling out she must have heard it; but she heard none: that the prosecutrix told her the prisoner had used her very ill; he had put his hand up her body: that she asked her, if she did not cry out? and the prosecutrix answered, she did not cry out at all: She was asked, if the prosecutrix did not tell her he had ravished her? she answered, no; and that no man can force a woman without she be willing: that she had seen him kiss and play with her, but no farther.

Ann Howell deposed, she lived in Norris's-court within four doors of the prisoner; that a plate cannot be taken out of the cupboard, but it is heard from one house to another; and that if the prosecutrix had called out, she must have heard her in her house.

Susanna Titcome deposed, she lived within one door of being opposite to the prosecutrix; that if she had called out she must have heard her, but she heard no such thing that night.

Jos. Bare. I am an apothecary and surgeon; upon hearing this charge, I went to the prosecutrix on the 19th of March. I asked her, how this affair stood between her and Mr. Clark? She said; there was to have been a meeting at Mr. Hill the officer's to make it up. I said, is the meeting to be by your consent? She said, yes. I said, I heard Mr. Plunket had said, if Mr. Clark would pay forty pounds, you would stop all prosecution; is that true? She said, yes. Mr. Gofton went with me. He said, who is it to be paid to, to Mr. Plunket your attorney? She said, no, it must be paid to me. Mr. Gofton said, suppose Mr. Clark was to pay that money to you, will you prosecute him hereafter? No, said she, it shall be all void for ever; then she called down a woman: the woman said, do not make it up without your husband.

Q. Where do you live?

Bare. I live in Nightingale-lane, East Smithfield.

Q. Did the prisoner send for you?

Bare. No, I went as a neighbour; nobedy had desired me to go; and asked this out of my own head. I believe him to be as innocent as a newborn babe.

Jos. Gofton. I went with Mr. Bare to the prosecutrix.

Q. How came you to go?

Gofton. He gave me a beckon to go, and said Mrs. Clark had said to me, if it lay in his way to get somebody to go along with me to see if it was by her consent that she was to make it up for forty pounds: she desired me to see if she had given her attorney power so to do.

Q. Did you mention this to Bare?

Gofton. I did going along, and got him to go with me. Mr. Bare asked her at going in, how she did? She said, pretty well. Said he, how does this affair stand between you and Clark? Said she, I do not know, there was to have been a meeting at Mr. Hill's in Rosemary-lane. Said I, was it by your consent? She said, yes. I asked her, if Mr. Plunket was her attorney? She said, yes. I said, he has made a demand of forty pounds, was it by your consent? She said, it was; and if he had made any other proposal since, she would not stand to it. I said, is it to be paid to you or your attorney? She said, to her, for he had had money enough. I said, if it be paid you, you do not mean to prosecute Mr. Clark? She said, no; then there will be an end

of the whole affair. Then a woman called down stairs, and said, do not do any thing without the consent of your husband. Then we went away. Mr. Plunket had spoke to me about it, and when I talked to Mr. Clark, he said he was innocent, and would not give her a farthing.

Mr. Rogers. I was drinking at Mr. Clark's on the 7th of March. Mr. Bare said he was going to the prosecutrix, and asked me to go with him. I went; he joked about the matter; he asked her if it could not be made up? She said, she did not care to hurt a hair of his head. I said, it is a sad thing a man should be kept from his family so. She replied, he should not be out of his family many days.

Q. Did she mention any terms upon which she would make it up?

Rogers. No; she did not.

Q. Did she say what the prisoner had been guilty of?

Rogers. No.

John Booth . I was in the prisoner's house on the 20th of February, with five or six of my shopmates. I went about ten, and staid till 12 at night. He was about as usual. I did not miss him at all. He is a man of a very good character, as far as ever I heard.

Wm Stapleton , I was at the prisoner's house on the 20th of February; it was a pay night. I came about 20 minutes after 10, and staid till about five minutes after 11. I saw him backwards and forwards very busy with his customers.

Q. Did he seem in any confusion, as if he had been struggling with any body?

Wm Stapleton . No, he did not.

William Allen , who had known the prisoner 20 years; Joseph Stoaks , 14; Mr. Lakehorn, who had his son in-law apprentice, and had known him many years; Mr. Anderson, 11; William Warren , 20; and Martin Long about six years; all gave him the character of an honest, industrious, well-behaved man.

Acquitted .

Mace Bennet.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-5
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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120. Mace Bennet , widow , was indicted for stealing one gold chain for a coral, value 3 s. the property of William Newman the younger, Sept. 27 . The prosecutor was called, but did not appear.

Acquitted .

Upon an affidavit being read in court, that proper notice had been given the prosecutor of the time of the surrender, and some circumstances appearing relating to the prosecutor's behaviour, a copy of the indictment was granted to the prisoner.

John Edwards.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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121. (M.) John Edwards , was indicted for stealing four pounds weight of sugar, value 2 s. and 2 s. in money , the property of Thomas Nailer . +

Thomas Nailer . The prisoner was my servant about nine months. I had some reason to suspect he was not honest by being out one evening, and laying out about 12 l. in cloaths, and he had not received any wages of me. I went to a house in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, and desired Mr. Adams to send his boy to my shop for half a pound of ten shilling tea. I took the marks of the money, and the years they were coined, of half a crown, and 2 s. and 6 d. and they were delivered to the boy.

Q. How were they marked?

Nailer. There were two king George the First's shillings, one with SS. upon it; I cut one part of the S off, the dates were 1723: a king Charles the Second's sixpence, date 1697: the other shilling was a a plain one, which I marked with a cut on the edge. The boy went and bought half a pound of tea, and paid that money for it, as he told me. I went home and looked in the till; there was only half a crown and a sixpence of the marked money, and three or four shillings more. I then said nothing to the prisoner, but kept a stricter eye upon him, with an intent to discharge him: there was nobody in the house but my sister and the prisoner, and I gave her a strict charge to be out of the way when the boy came. When I charged the prisoner with it, he trembled and could not move, if I would have given him 50 l.

Q. Did you owe him any wages?

Nailer. I owed him 5 l. 14 s. A woman at the Spotted Dog, in Blackamoor-street, owned she received sugar of him at different times.

Eleanor Welstead . I did keep a public house in Blackamoor-street, Clare market. The prisoner brought four pounds of sugar to me at different times; he told me he had paid his master, and I used to wipe off his score it was sugar at 8 d. a pound.

Judith Murphy . I take in washing. I washed about half a dozen shirts for the prisoner; he owed me seven-pence; he gave me a little tea and a quartern of soap, which came to six-pence halfpenny.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never wronged my master in my life: I put the money in the till that I had for the tea. She told me she had no money. I said, I had as lief put the money out of my pocket, as to pay her.

Acquitted .

Samuel South.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-7
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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122. (M.) Samuel South , was indicted for stealing one metal watch, value 5 l. 2 seals set in gold, value 20 s. and one steel chain, value 5 s. the property of Walter Vane , Esq ; privately from his person . March 10 . +

Walter Vane . I was at Covent-garden play-house on Wednesday the 10th of March; I had my watch when I went in, and when I was seated in the gallery I missed it. A gentleman that sat next me advised me to go to Sir John Fielding ; but before I

had laid the affair before him, my brother came and said my watch was at justice Welch's: I went and and found it there, and swore to it.

Richard Galendine . I am a constable. [He produced the watch.]

Prosecutor. This is the same watch that was picked out of my pocket that night.

Galendine. I had information against the prisoner. I saw him going up into the gallery. I said to Mr. Abbot, have an eye to that man, I mistrust him: he said he would. A little time after he and another man came down. Mr. Abbot called to me, and said there goes the two men. I ran after them. I saw Noaks give the prisoner a watch at the top of the passage almost in Hart-street. I stopt Noaks; the prisoner came and rescued him. I said, if he gets off, I'll stop you. The prisoner said, d - n you, you rascal, do not stop me, I'll knock you down: then Mr. Abbot came up; the watch was put down, and Mr. Abbot took it up.

Hen. Abbot. I always open the door at half an hour past four o'clock. Just as I opened the door leading to the crown gallery on the 10th of March, Mr. Galendine said, I wish you would give an eye to those men, meaning the prisoner and one Noaks. About a quarter of an hour after, I saw them both come down; they passed me. I called Mr. Galendine; and said, there goes the two men; he ran after them and secured one of them. I saw South run up towards him, and there was a scuffle. He called out for me. Before I could get up to him, the other was got off; then the people called to me, and said there lies the watch; it was upon a bench in the passage. I did not see it put there. I took it up and went to South. He said, Mr. Abbott you know me. I said, I do. Said he, you never knew any harm of me? I said, you never did me any. We secured him, and he was committed.

Prisoner's Defence.

I had been with an order about some holland's gin A relation of mine had a mind to see the oratorio. We went; they asked a crown to go in. I was coming promiscuously by; I thought there was a quarrel. A man pushed his hand out, and gave me a watch in my hand Mr. Galendine said what have you got there? I said, a watch, and laid it down directly. I asked him, what he wanted with me? and went contentedly with him. I once kept a public house in covent-garden a great many years.

For the Prisoner.

Wm Holloway . I have known him 7 years. He once kept the Globe, Covent-garden. He has a very good character, and is a very regular honest man as far as ever I could find.

Thomas Robinson . I have known him between 7 and 8 years. I never heard any thing amiss of him in my life.

Thomas Can . I have known him about 2 years. I never heard nothing of him, but that of a very honest man.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

See No. 67. in Sir Matthew Blackiston 's mayoralty.

Catherine Rebecca Matthews.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-8

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123. (L.) Catherine Rebecca Matthews , Spinster , was indicted for stealing one gold repeating watch, value 10 l. one yellow sattin gown, value 21 s. one linen shirt, value 5 s. one linen handkerchief, value 12 d. and one linen pillow-case, value 1 s. the property of Jacob Nathan Moses , April 6 . ++

Jacob Nathan Moses . The prisoner was my servant ; she had lived with me about three weeks. I was sitting in my compting-house, and heard one of my servants say, the watch was gone that hung at my bed's head. She was of opinion-that the prisoner had got it. I charged her with taking it. She said, she had been foolish, and never did any such thing before. She owned she had taken it, and gave it me out of her pocket before the constable came.

Ziphrah Moses . I am wife to the prosecutor. The prisoner was my servant. I was present when she delivered the watch to my husband. It is a watch that I wear. I asked her, how she came to take it? She said, she did not know; she was foolish. The handkerchief and a shirt of my husband's we found all pinned in a pillow case to her back under her cloaths, and the sattin gown she had got under her own gown. She said, she was very sorry for what she had done. They are all my property.

Prisoner. I never did such a thing before.

Guilty . T .

Francis Smith.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-9
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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124. (L.) Francis Smith , was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 20 s. and one stone seal set in silver, value 12 d. the property of Thomas Pattison , privately from his person , April 7 ++.

Thomas Pattison . I was at the top of the fleet-market on the 7th of April, when my lord-mayor with the aldermen were going to his majesty. I felt my watch stir in my fob. I was greatly surprized, and put my hand down, and it came into my hand without any assistance of mine; and the same person that pulled it out, twisted it out of my hand. It was the prisoner at the bar. I took him by his collar. and charged him with taking of it. He denied it with very bad language. He then had it in his hand. He threw it down upon the stones. While I stooped for it he ran away. I called stop thief. He ran down the Fleet-market, but was

soon taken. Samuel Orange assisted me, and we brought him to the top of the market again. Then we took him to Mr. Bodington the constable.

Q. What time of the day was this?

Pattison. This was about noon. He never was out of my sight till taken again. He was lodged in Wood-street Compter till next day: then he was taken before the sitting aldermen. I swore there the same as now. He then denied it.

Samuel Orange . I was upon Fleet-bridge leaning on a post, at the same time Mr. Pattison was behind me. I heard him say, you have got my watch, you have got my watch. I observed he spoke to the prisoner. I saw the watch drop from the prisoner's hand between us three. He ran down the Fleet-market, and we after him. Mr. Pattison laid hold of him first. We took him not fifty yards from where he took the watch from Mr. Pattison.

William Bodington . I am constable. They brought the prisoner to me. I having a pair of hand-cuffs which I had used with John Smith , I put them on him. I knew him again, having once carried him to Newgate *before . He said before the alderman, the watch might hang by his button.

*See him tried by the name of Isaac Hall, otherwise Howse, No. III. in Sir Matthew Blackiston's mayoralty, for stealing a carr-black handkerchief, the property of T. Hurnall, Esq; He was cist for transportation, but pardoned on condition or serving as a soldier in.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

Uzriel Baruch.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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125. (L.) Uzriel Baruch , of Shoemaker-row , butcher , was indicted, for that he, together with Rockom Polock and Abraham Lopaz not taken, on the 27th of March , about the hour of two in the morning, the dwelling-house of Lyon Marks did break and enter, and stealing one black petticoat lined with Persian silk, value 4 l. 4 s. one red sattin waistcoat laced with silver-lace, value 21 s. one damask gown, value 40 s. one waistcoat, value 10 s. 6 d. one cloth coat, value 22 s. one other cloth coat, value 15 s. one brown woollen waistcoat, value 10 s. one paper snuff-box, value 2 s. 6 d. four iron keys and a ring, value 1 s. and divers other things, the property of the said Lyon in his dwelling house . ++

Lyon Marks. I lost those goods and more than are in the indictment. I went to bed on Saturday night, a little after eleven o'clock, the 27th of March. I had nobody more in my house but my wife and my son. When I was in my bed sleeping, the watchman came, halloo! halloo! what's the matter here; why are all these cloathes thrown about? This was exactly at four o'clock. I got up. Some were in the street, some in the kitchen My door was open, and my shelves almost stripped. My son got up. We found a great many things again.

Q. Did you fasten your door when you went to bed?

Marks. I did. In the morning Mrs. Alexander sent for me; she asked me if some things she had were not my goods; a pair of stocking breeches and a laced hat? I said they were; and she gave them to me; her maid had seen them at Mr. Lopaz's house; he is not to be found. I went to Mr. Abraham's, and asked his advice; then I heard there were a great many of my goods at Monsanto's house. I took up Spencer the evidence. He confessed all; then I went and searched the prisoner's house, but found nothing there.

Mark Marks . I am son to the prosecutor; the prisoner is a master butcher in the neighbourhood over against us; all the coats and waistcoats were taken out of the shop, and they had just begun to take the breeches. The pin of the window is lost; to this minute we cannot tell how they got in; the lock was not broke. When the prisoner was taken up, he said he would make every thing right. I said, how could you go to do such a thing to a neighbour? He said, it cannot be helped.

Aaron Spencer . I can give the best account how the house was broke open. Last-Saturday was three weeks I was coming by Abraham Lopaz 's house, about eight at night. -

[At the desire of the jury all the evidences on both sides were put out of court, and called in by one at a time.]

Spencer. We met the prisoner at the bar; he spoke to us. He asked me, if I had a mind to earn any money to night? I said, in what? He said, come at eleven o'clock by my shop, and then I'll tell you. We went to the Rose and Crown alehouse in Whitechappel; there was Rockom Polock. As soon as it was eleven we all three went to the prisoner's house. The prisoner was at his door. We asked him, what we had to do? He desired me to stay in his shop or at his door. He took a candle, and went with the other two to the prosecutor's door, and turned the pin of the window about, and the key dropped out; then he took the shutter down and opened the sash of the window, and put the lock of the door back and opened it. They went in and brought bundles and bundles of goods, and threw them into his own shop all scattered on the floor; then he went to his bed and brought a pair of sheets and two blankets, and bundled all up in them; then we went all of us with them to Moses Baruch 's: He was going to be married to his daughter.

Q. How far does Moses Baruch live from his shop?

Spencer. About four minutes walk. Moses told him he would not let them be there till after day light; if they did not take them away before, he would turn them all out in the street. They were left up one pair of stairs. When we went out of that house, the prisoner said, I am in a worse hobble

than before, but if you will go along with me to Philip Abraham 's, perhaps he will buy them or keep them for me. We went there; the prisoner called to him at the window, and said he had got something for him which he believed would do for him. The other asked him, who he was? He said, he was the butcher name Baruch. Rockom Polock had one bundle with him. They were carried up stairs. Abrahams said, he could perfectly guess where they came from, and he would have nothing to do with them. Said the prisoner, I will lend you money to buy them; he would have no concern with them. Then we took them away. Then coming along Houndsditch he pitched them on the steps, till we went back for the other three Bundles; then we went to Duke's-place, and called to Moses Caravallo . The prisoner told him he wanted the key of his room that was in Goodman's-fields; Caravallo gave him no answer When he could not get the key, the prisoner said we may as well drop them, for we cannot go lugging them about the streets. I said it was the best way to go and open the prosecutor's door, and go throw them in again. We carried three bundles back into the house, but in the hurry some of them were left by the door in the street, the watchman being coming his beat. The prisoner took the sheets and blankets away; we also left a pair of Breeches and a hat upon Lopaz's stairs. It was now about four o'clock, I said to the prisoner. Lopaz and Polock took two coats, two waistcoats, a velvet cloth, and one of the prisoner's sheets with them. [Here is that sheet in court.] I went to call Gabriel Monsanto ; he opened the door, and we threw them in; then I went to work. The prisoner sent for me from work about nine o'clock; he said, Spencer, what must I do in this affair? I said, I did not know no more than he did. Then I went to Mr. Marks, and told him the whole affair. After this I gave the same account to the prosecutor. We were examined before my lord-mayor; the prisoner denied it. I told my lord I had a sheet of his. My lord asked him if he lay with one sheet or two? He said with one because he had the Rhumatism, and he sweated pretty much; after that, he was asked if he had any servant? He said a boy. The boy was sent for; he was asked where he lay? He said in the same room and bed with his Master. He was asked if he laid with one sheet or two? He said two. The two sheets were produced before my lord mayor, and he had no doubt but they were fellows.

Gabriel Monsanto . I know no more of it than that two coats, two waistcoats, and a velvet cloth were thrown into my house by Aaron Spencer and Abraham Lopaz . Spencer worked at the passover-cakes along with me; he called me to come to work. I opened the door, and they flung them in. I said are they honestly come by? Spencer said let them alone; I'll warrant you, you shall come to no harm: then I said to Spencer, I am very drowsy, go and make my dough for me; he did. Then I looked over the things, and put them on my bed and went to work; as soon as I went to work, at ten o'clock, Spencer said to me, I am ruined and am afraid to confess. I said, do not be afraid to confess. for I shall say nothing at all; then he told me those things in the room belonged to Marks, and he had been robbed. I ran to Mr. Marks, and met him and the constable together, and desired him to come to my house, for some of his things were in my room. I could not find my key. I took the constable's staff and broke the window, and went in and brought out the things, and Marks, owned them immediately.

Coleman Solomon . I am a constable. Mr. Marks and Mr. Abrahams came on the Sunday morning to my house, and told me his house was broke open and robbed, and that he had a suspicion of Abraham Lopaz and Spencer. Lopaz is a shoe blacker. I sent for him immediately; he said he knew nothing at all of it. We went to several houses: as we were going to Gabriel Monsanto 's house we met him, and told him we were going to his house; and said we had intelligence that some goods were lodged there; let us know and no harm can come to you. He seemed a little concerned. He said, you must take me along with you, for I shall certainly be murdered by the gang, they are very bad people, that is Spencer and Lopaz. We sent to his house; the door was locked: we got into the yard backwards; he opened the casement and got in, and let us in. The prosecutor owned the things.

Q. Did you hear the prisoner say any thing after he was taken?

Solomon. I never heard a bad character of him in my life, and I dare say now he is innocent. Spencer at first said, Lopaz and Polock were concerned in breaking open the house, and that the prisoner received them of them, and lent them a knife to break the house; after that, he said the prisoner at the bar was concerned in breaking the house; and I heard the prosecutor's son say there would be 40 l. reward, and a ticket on their conviction.

Mark Marks . This constable threatened to get me committed, if I would not make it up. I said I would go to the rigour of the law.

Spencer. Please to call Abraham Baruch ; he can explain this matter.

Abraham Baruch . When Spencer was taken, the first word he said was, that the prisoner was the man that did it.

Abraham Abrahams . The morning after this thing happened Mr. Marks came to my house, and told me his house had been robbed of a considerable quantity of cloaths, and that he had reason to suspect Spencer and Lopaz to be two of the people that did it; he said at Lopaz's steps were found some of the things, and the watchman thought Spencer was one of the men that run away. I sent for Lopaz,

he denied knowing any thing about it; we were going to search several houses, and met Monsanto: we told him we mistrusted some things being in his house; he owned he had some things put in by Spencer and Lopaz, and desired they would take him in custody, being afraid of being killed by the gang. The watchman had given an account of seeing three men run away. Spencer said Lopass and Polock were with him in it; and that the prisoner lent him a knife to break the house, and that they carried the goods to the prisoner's house.

Spencer. This evidence is brother-in-law to Moses Baruch ; I told this man, Baruch was with me.

Abrahams. When Spencer found the other two were absented, and we could not take them, then he said the prisoner was with them at the breaking of the house, and held the candle; then I said how came you not to say this at first?

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of this man Spencer; I never kept company with him, or drank with him; I know him no other way than by living in the neighbourhood; I disdain such company. I have witnesses here that I have paid hundreds of pounds to; I am very innocent of the affair.

To his Character.

Joseph Orwood . The prisoner has dealt with me about three quarters of a year; he is a very sober honest man.

Thomas Martin . I have known him ten years; he is a very honest sober young fellow: I think he deserves that character. I have paid his father through his hands many hundreds of pounds.

William Till . I have known him pretty near two years; he is a very honest, sober, hard-working young fellow: he has dealt with me for pounds and pounds, more than 10 or 14 l. a week.

Joseph Marks . I have known him 10 or 12 years; I never heard any thing of him, but that of a very honest man. I have dealt with him.

Robert Hall. I have known him four years; I have dealt with him for pounds; he is a very honest man.

John Wrench . I have known him four years. I have had dealings with him; he is a very honest man for what I know.

Abraham Riatie . I have known him ever since he was a child; he is a very industrious, sober young man. I believe he has been butcher to me 16 years.

James Rickaby . I have known him above two years; I believe him to be a very honest man.

Moses Fonseca . I have known him 15 years; he is a very honest, hard-working man; he lives near me.

Solomon Cordosa . I was his master to teach him Hebrew; he never was out of my sight two days in his life, in comparison; he always bore a very good character. He has been set up for himself about two years.

Isaac Devall . I have known him 10 or 12 years; his character is as good as any man's can be in the world. He lodged about eight or nine months with me.

Moses Ebeau . I have known him 8 or 9 years; he is a very sober honest young man.

Acquitted .

Richard Smith.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-11
VerdictNot Guilty

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126. (M.) Richard Smith , was indicted for committing a rape on Elizabeth Treadway , spinster, an infant, under the age of six years , April 7 ||.

Eliz Treadway the elder. Elizabeth Treadway is my daughter. I live at Hammersmith. My child complained to me on Friday the 14th of this month that she was sore. I examined her, and found a great running, of what I take to be the venereal disease. The parts were swelled very much.

Q. Could you judge that her body had been entered?

E. Treadway. The midwife told me he had just entered her: I think within myself, some man had entered her body. I was in London when it happened. The prisoner is a shoe-maker , and lives one door from me, and the child used sometimes to be at his house. My child is five years and a half old.

Samuel Treadway . I am father to the child. I am a gardener, and was at work at the time. I know nothing more than what the child said before the justice.

Benedict Duddle . The prosecutor brought the child to me last Saturday was se'ennight. I found three venereal shankers on the labia, and a swelling upon each groin, with an ulcer of matter issuing through the virginale: it appeared by all circumstances that a man had entered her body. When I talked to the prisoner about it, he asked me how could shankers come since last Tuesday? I apprehend she had the venereal disease.

Q. If there were only the venereal disorder about his private parts, and he was only to attempt it, would not there be the same symptoms?

Duddle. Certainly he entered her, for there was a laceration on the parts.

Q. Do you think shankers could come between the Tuesday and the Sunday?

Duddle. I do think they could.

Prisoner. I asked him, if he would examine me, whether I had the venereal disorder or not?

Duddle. He did. I did not examine him; it is impossible to examine those things, except we take a proper catheter.

Q. If he had been so infected so as to have given

her shankers in that time, would there not have been a running on him?

Duddle. I might not have seen it, except I had pressed the instrument along the said tube.

The Child examined, but not sworn.

Child. I went to carry my grandmother's shoe to the prisoner, He put me upon the table.

Q. Where was this?

Child. This was in the prisoner's shop below in the kitchen.

Q. What did he do to you?

Child. He said I must not tell my mamma. He laid me down on my back and hurt my groin, and put his cock to me.

Q. How long was he doing this to you?

Child. I don't know.

Q. Did he put any thing into you?

Child. Yes.

Q. Did you cry out?

Child. I did not.

Q. Do you not generally cry out when you are hurt? Did you not shed tears?

Child. No.

Q. Was you not frighted?

Child. No.

Q. How long after this did you complain and tell your mother?

Child. I told my mamma on the Sunday. I do not know how long that was after.

Q. Did he do any any thing to your cloaths?

Child. He pulled up my petticoats when he laid me on the table. But he laid me cross his lap after that.

Q. Are you sure he put something into your body?

Child. I am not sure.

Q. from the Prisoner. Was any body in the room at the time?

Child. There was Mrs. Barnard, the prisoner's grand-mother in another room, not in that room.

Q. to the Mother. Did the girl complain to you?

The Mother. She did, in the same way she does now.

Q. Did she complain before you asked her?

Mother. She complained of her groin being sore first.

The prisoner in his defence said, this was done out of spite, because he would not deliver the shoes when he had done them without the money.

For the Prisoner.

Mrs. Barnard. I was in a room over head when the child came in with the shoes to be mended. I never saw or heard any disturbance.

Acquitted .

He was detained to be tried at Hicks's-hall for an assault, with an intent to commit a rape on the child.

Isabella Denston.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-12
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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127. (M.) Isabella Denston , widow , was indicted for stealing one piece of lawn, value 10 s. the property of Sallsbury Purrier , privately, in the shop of the said Sallsbury , March 13 ||.

Matthew Kelmer . Mr. Purrier is a linen draper , in Castle-street, Leicester-fields : I am journeyman to him. On the 9th of last month, the prisoner came into our shop, and desired me to shew her some lawns. She told me, she came from a customer of ours, Mrs. Broomfield, that lives about five doors from us; and said she would have come herself, but was not well. As she was looking over the pieces, she said she was fearful she should not please her, and desired me to let her carry it to shew her. In about five minutes after she was gone, I missed another piece. I acquainted my master with it, and he sent me to Mrs. Broomfield. and I found she never had sent her. The next day the prisoner was taken up, and before justice Cox confessed the taking the lawn out of my master's shop. [He produced two pieces of lawn.] One she stole, and the other I let her have to carry to shew Mrs. Broomfield.

Eliz. Morris. I am house-keeper to George Drummond , Esq; Palace-yard, Westminster. The prisoner brought this lawn to our house on the 9th of March. to sell. She is an acquaintance of our house-maid.

Ann Skilton . I am house-maid to Mr. Drummond. The prisoner brought this lawn to our house to sell, and left it there. I know but very little of her. She was a servant when I first knew her. The next day she was taken up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I hope your lordship will consider my condition. I am down lying, not having an hour to reckon.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

There was another indictment against her for a single felony. T .

Benjamin Snell.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-13

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128. (M) Benjamin Snell , otherwise Dick Rice , was indicted for stealing six yards of duffel, value 20 s. two yards of Manchester velvet, value 12 s. and five yards of fustian , the property of James Cameron , April 10 +.

James Cameron . I live in Holywell-street, St. Clements : I am a taylor , and deal in remnants of cloth. On Saturday was se'ennight I went up stairs, and coming down again, I saw some goods tumbled about: I asked my maid if any body had been there? She said, no. I missed a piece of blue duffil.

I went to the door, and a neighbour of mine, named Isabella Bullock, told me she saw Dick Rice go in, but did not see him come out; and another neighbour said, she saw a man go by with a parcel of blue stuff under his arm. The prisoner lodged at a cook's shop in Swan-alley. I went to his lodgings on the Monday morning, and there found three yards of blue huffily. I lost six yards; and two yards of Manchester velvet, and five yards of fustian. I found him at the Thistle and Crown, an alehouse in Russel-court. I charged him with stealing some duffil out of my shop that same day. The landlord said, he had courted him four or five days to have a remnant of Manchester velvet, which he said was in pawn. I said, I had lost a piece torn at the end. When I saw it, I found it was my property. The remnant of the other duffil I found at a pawnbroker's. I found the fustian at a piece-broker's shop, named Reynolds, in White-horse-yard.

He was confirmed in his evidence by Rachel Reynolds the pawnbroker, and John Jackson , and Leonard Holyday , who had at the prisoner's request redeemed, one a piece of Manchester velvet, the other a piece of fustian. [The goods produced in court, and deposed to].

Prisoner's Defence.

I met one John Hughes , who came from Portsmouth, in Covent garden. He said, he had been among some whores all night, and spent all his money, and wanted me to pawn these things for him. I carried them to Mrs. Reynolds, and pawned them for 14 s. He gave me some beer; and I gave him the money. After that, he came and brought me some fustian, which I pawned for him. After that, he went for a soldier, and said, if I would fetch these things out of pawn, I might have them for myself.

Guilty . T .

Joyce Topping.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-14
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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129. (M.) Joyce, wife of Edward Topping , was indicted for stealing four linen handkerchiefs, value three shillings , the property of William Ockleford . April 6 .~

The prosecutor's wife takes in washing. The handkerchiefs mentioned were delivered to her to wash. They were missing. The prisoner worked for her. She was charged with stealing them. She confessed taking one out of a parcel of linen which she was employed to carry home. They were all four found at a pawnbroker's, pawned by her at sundry times.

Guilty 9 d. T .

Eleanor Birk.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-15
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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130. (M.) Eleanor Birk , spinster , was indicted for stealing two pair of leather breeches, value seven shillings , the property of Ralph Ward , March 2 .~

The prosecutor keeps the White Swan alehouse in Shadwell . The prisoner went there pretending to buy some old cloaths, which he had to sell, the two pair of breeches amongst the rest. She took an opportunity to convey them away. They were found again in her lodgings.

Guilty 10 d. T .

Mary Allen.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-16
VerdictNot Guilty

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131. (M.) Mary Allen , widow , was indicted for stealing one half guinea and three shillings and sixpence in money, numbered, the money of Thomas Charlton , privately from his person , April 17 .~

Thomas Charlton . I live in Shoemaker-row, Black friers. Last Friday night I went down to Nightingale-lane . I got into company till the gentleman I wanted came; after I had done with him, I met with two or three of my acquaintance; we sat and drank till about half an hour after twelve; after I parted with them, I met with this woman at the bar; she pretended to be a country girl; she asked me to go along with her to see her apartment; through persuasions I went to her house; when I came there, she wanted something to drink. I said I had been drinking, and would not drink any more. She said this is only my lower apartment, I should go up stairs and see that above. I went up with her; I did not want to stay all night, but through persuasions I did.

Q. Did you give her any thing?

Charlton. I gave her a shilling to stay with her all night. She said, there is another girl in the house who was a partner with her; she gave the other girl the shilling; then she and I went to bed. I had then half a guinea in gold and the rest in silver, about 17 or 18 shillings. She saw it as well as I; we put off our things, and I laid my breeches on the head of the bed, not quite under the pillow; we had not laid above twenty minutes, before she snatched hold of my breeches, and put her hand into the pocket, and gave the money to the other woman, who ran down stairs directly; I not having any thing on did not follow her.

Q. Did you see the other girl come into the room?

Charlton. I saw her come in. I took care to secure the prisoner; and then took a candle, and looked under the bed and pillow, to be sure whether she had got it or not. I found no money. I called the watch directly, and had her secured and taken to the watch-house. I went before justice Scott the next morning about nine o'clock; as soon as the justice saw her, he called her by her name, and said, are you come again? I missed half a guinea and three shillings in silver; she had left me three shillings and sixpence.

Q. What condition was you in for liquor?

Charlton. I was not drunk; I knew as well all about it as I do now. She threatened to cut my throat if she had an opportunity, and cut my nose off.

Q. Had you been asleep?

Charlton. No, I had not.

Q. Did the prisoner confess any thing?

Charlton. No, she did not.

Q. Did you see any money in her hand?

Charlton. No, I saw her hand come out of the pocket, and she put it to the other woman's hand.

Prisoner's Defence.

He came into my house between eleven and twelve at night, and sent for some gin; he gave the girl a shilling to sleep with me all night. He was excessively immodest: I did not chuse to be in the room with him: I came down out of the room; he came down and called the watch; the constable searched me, but I had none of his money; he sent the other girl to Bridewell for six weeks to hard labour.

Q. Where were the prisoner's lodgings?

Charlton. They were in Swan-alley, St. Catharine's.

Acquitted .

William Wilkinson, Sarah Clark.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-17
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

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132. (M.) William Wilkinson and Sarah Clark , Spinster , were indicted for stealing one seat and five curtains to a sedan chair, value five shillings , the property of Darby Goff and Thomas Cole , March 10 .~

The prosecutors are chairmen ; they were waiting in Brewer street for their fare on the 10th of March; while they were in the passage to screen themselves from the inclemency of the weather, the things mentioned were stolen. The two prisoners were found in John's-street sitting together at the step of a door, and the things behind or partly under the woman.

Wilkinson in his defence said, he was a coachman; he had been drinking with a brother coachman; was got a little in liquor. As he was going home saw Clark sitting; he asked her, what she sat there for? She said, she was not well. He asked her, if she would drink part of a pot of beer; she would not: then he sat down by her; and in about five or six minutes came the chairmen, and asked, if they had seen such things? That he knew nothing of them till the woman got up.

William King , who had known him from the year 1747; Francis Boarer , 13 or 14 years; and Peter Anderson above 20, all gave him a good character.

Clark said in her defence, she did not know how the things came behind her, except Wilkinson brought them.

Wilkinson acquitted .

Clark guilty . T .

Mary M'Koy.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-18
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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133. (M.) Mary M'Koy , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver tea spoon, value 12 d. one brass candlestick, value 12 d. one diaper table cloth, value 12 d. and one linen shift, value 2 s. the property of Mary Stanley , widow , March 5 . +

Guilty 10 d. W .

Sarah Tims, Alice Rockham.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-19
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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134. (M.) Sarah Tims and Alice Rockham , spinsters , were indicted for stealing two check aprons, value 10 d. and one cotton slip for a child, value one shilling , the property of Alice Shergold , widow , March 19 .*

Both Guilty 10 d. W .

William Morgan.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-20

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135. (M.) William Morgan , was indicted for that he on the king's highway on Zachariah Stevens did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; and taking from his person one half guinea and three shillings in money numbered, his property, and against his will March 2 .*

Zachariah Stevens. On Friday the 2d of March last, Mr. Wogin and I set out in a post chaise from Princes-street , in order to go to Ealing that evening. When we were about four miles upon the road about 20 minutes before seven, a man rode very swiftly by us; he crossed the head of the horses, and turning round again to Mr. Wogin's side, he presented a pistol. Mr. Wogin desired him to put the pistol aside; and said, Sir, if you must have it, here is my purse. The man took it, and said, you have more, Sir? - I have no more upon my honour. - Sir, you have more (swearing) I know you have more. I will not be imposed upon. I will have all you have. I will have more. He stopped us matter of four minutes. He said, there is nothing but silver in the purse; then he applied to me. I told him, I had but little. I gave him half a guinea. He said, gentlemen, if you do not give me all that you have, I will make you get out of the chaise. I said, I have no more, but a little silver. He said, give me that. I gave him about three shillings. Then he said to Mr. Wogin, give me your watch. Mr. Wogin slipped his watch out of his fob, and put it towards me. He told him he had no watch. Then he applied to me for my watch. I said, I had none. He said, come out of the chaise, I will search you. I said, this carrying it too far; you had better be satisfied with what you have got. Mr. Wogin got the chaise open. Then the man said, well, gentlemen, I must take your words; I wish you a good night, and rode off towards London. The next morning we

had been telling the story with all the circumstances of it; the servants waiting at the table listened to it. Presently came a man with a bill upon Mr. Wogin for post chaises; this man was informed by the servants, that Mr. Wogin and I had been robbed the evening before; he was inquisitive what sort of a man and horse. When he was told, he said, I will be hanged if that very man and horse are not at my master's house, the three pidgeons, at Brentford. Then we were informed of it; we interrogated the man; he gave just such a description of a man and horse as we had given. We walked down to Brentford; when we came there, we were informed a man answering that description had come in there at 10 o'clock; and had ordered himself to be called at six, but had laid in bed till 10 or 11; that he had been there once or twice before; and they suspected him to be a highwayman. We went into the stable, and thought it to be the same horse. I ordered the stable door to be locked, and the horse to be secured; and the man of the house to take care of his boots. The prisoner was then in the coffee-room in his slippers. Mr. Wogin being dressed as he was the night before, and I had pulled off my great coat. I proposed to go into the coffee room without him, to see if it was the same man; but Mr. Wogin desired me not to apprehend him till we were sure. I went in, and saw him sitting in the corner, and entered into conversation with the people; they were talking about highway robberies. I could not recollect him by his face; but was certain if I heard his voice I should recollect him. He had the same hat and coat on (when he robbed us, he had his coat buttoned up to his mouth); something was said which provoked him to speak; then I had no doubt but it was the same man. Mr. Wogin came in. One of the company said, I think Tyburn has not been graced with any some time. Mr. Wogin said, I believe it will be very soon graced with an acquaintance of mine. They asked him, on what account? He said, he had been robbed. The prisoner said, was it between this and London? He said, no, it was in the other road within a mile of Acton. The prisoner looked confused. While the other people were talking about the particulars of robberies, he said nothing, but got up and went to the window, and got out at the door. Then I said, I have no doubt in the world but this is the person that robbed us; and I think it is our duty to apprehend him. I will follow him if any body will go with me, and we will take him in the garden. Then they said, you had better send for a constable. We got one. The constable said, it was better and safer to wait till he came out of the garden; and if you point him out to me, we will take him. We stood together, three or four of us; and as he came, the constable and we laid hold of him: he was conducted into a room, and appeared to have as little fear as possible a man could have upon such an occasion. He asked, what we meant? I told him, he was the person we suspected to have robbed us; and if he had any body to give an account where he was at the time of the robbery, it would be of great service to him. He sat down, pretending to write to somebody. I desired people to go and search his room; and others to search the garden. While he was writing, a person came and told me I was wanted in the garden: they brought me to the necessary-house, and pointed to a horse pistol which lay concealed [ producing one], this is it. This I believe to be the very same pistol that was presented to us. We both had described it; it was loaded with balls; I have them now in my pocket. When I came back, and produced the pistol to him, he would not proceed with his letter, or tell his name, or give any account of himself. He took out a half guinea from his pocket, in order to pay a little bill. I apprehend that half guinea he had from me; it was a new King George II 's. half guinea, turned up. I followed the maid, and saw it before she delivered it to her master. He was carried before Sir John Fielding , and committed.

Cross Examination.

Q. What sort of a pistol was it he presented to you?

Stevens. It was a common size horse-pistol. It is a gentleman's pistol; here is the arms upon it; I saw it was a brass mounted pistol, very bright, but not so at the muzzle; it looked as this, appearing dull at muzzle, as if it had got some rust.

Q. Is not the garden at the three pidgeons a place where a person could easily escape over the pales?

Stevens. I do not think they could very easily.

Q. How long did he stay in the garden?

Stevens. About ten minutes.

Q. Can you say that was your half guinea?

Stevens. If a person had been robbed of such a one, by a man of the same sort of voice, hat, cloaths, and the like, it would have raised a suspicion; and I have no doubt but that it was my half guinea.

Q. Can you say this is the man that robbed you?

Stevens. I have no doubt but this is the man. I wish I had; but I have none in the world; and I believe so as to the horse.

Richard Banks . I am servant to John Campbell , Esquire, Grosvenor-square. The prisoner used to come there; and be at times in the room where pistols used to be kept; we did not miss a pistol till we heard there was one found upon a highwayman, and carried to a gunsmith to see who owned it: then upon searching we missed No. 2. This pistol here produced is the same, my master's property.

Q. How long before the second of March had the prisoner been in the room where your pistols were?

Banks. I believe it was a little before Christmas, but I cannot tell the time.

Q. to the prosecutor. How was the pistol hid?

Prosecutor. It was in the place where they lay the paper in the necessary-house. Thomas Noaks the post-boy found it, and stood over it till I came.

Q. Where is Mr. Wogin?

Prosecutor. He is in a very bad state of health in Pembrokeshire.

Henry Cotheroy . I am a stable-keeper. The prisoner had a mare of mine. I have not seen her since. It was a brown mare; he hired her I think on the 24th of February, and was to return on the Saturday following. She is about 14 hands two inches high; and is hurt a little above the hock; and has a little bit of a star on her forehead; a genteel mare.

Q. to the prosecutor. Is the mare this evidence describes like her the man rode that robbed you?

Stevens. She answers exactly.

Q. from the prisoner. Do you remember when I went out of the yard, I told you I believed I should go to Portsmouth?

Cotheroy. I believe you did.

The constable. When I searched the prisoner I found some crape in his pocket, and several bills of fare from the houses he had been at, and turnpike tickets.

Q. Do any of these bills shew a journey to Portsmouth?

Constable. No.

Prisoner's Defence.

When they came into the room at Brentford, I was just going. Mr. Wogin was frighted, and said, he would not appear against the young man for five hundred pounds; and described the young man in a different dress than what Mr. Stevens has: he said, it was so dark he could not describe him. Mr. Stevens says the horse was very swift; as for that horse I rode, he went very lame at that time. I was then going to Kingston to a gentleman that is now in court.

For the Prisoner.

John Allam . I keep the Three Pidgeons at Brentford. The prisoner was at my house twice; the last time he came in over night, before the gentlemen came and charged him. He got up in the morning about nine, and went into the public coffee-room.

Prosecutor. I think it was about noon I charged him.

Allam. The mare he rode on was very lame. He came on her both times.

Q. Might he have made his escape out of your garden with ease had he a mind so to do?

Allam. There is a little rivulet at the bottom; sometimes the water is hardly over the shoes. There is a wall on one side, and pales on the other; the latter a child of six years of age may get over.

John Edwards . I am a farrier, and live at Highgate. I remember putting a bar-shoe on a brown mare for a chance customer, on the 27th of February. She was lame. I believe the prisoner is the person that came with her.

Prisoner. I gave you eighteen pence and a glass of wine.

William Gibbs . I was hostler at the Three Pidgeons. The prisoner came in the night before he was apprehended. The mare he rode was very lame: he desired me to stop her foot up, which I did. She had a bar shoe on when he brought her the first time.

Edward Williams . I keep the Chapter coffee-house, Pater-noster-row. I have known the prisoner about five months; he used my house during that time; he behaved well; he used to spend his evenings mostly there; and kept very good company.

Richard Olton . I have known him about six years. I keep a rope ground just by where his mother lives. She keeps milch asses. She had a leashold estate, but I believe that is gone. He lived with her. I never knew him behave amiss in my life: he always behaved as a sober lad.

Richard Holmes . I have known him five or six years. I am a cabinet maker, and live in Barbican. He was with his mother backwards and forwards, and maintained by her. He has been at my house, and might have taken things of value. I never missed any thing. I took him to be a very honest lad.

John Kinchin . I am a shoemaker. I have known him about 15 years. I never knew any thing but what he was a very honest lad. I lived upon an estate of his mother's, but it is lately gone out of her hands; it belongs to the city.

Sweet Lewin. I have known him between 18 and 19 years. I knew him a little child. I never heard that he did any body any wrong in my life. He was alway industrious for his mother.

Elizabeth Mills . I live in the Quakers Buildings. I have known him about eight years; a very honest sober young man, and industrious for his mother. He has deined and supped at my house.

Peter Hill. I have known him about four years. I live just by his mother. I never heard any thing of his character, but what was civil; he bore the character of an honest young man. His mother keeps 18 or 19 asses I believe, or thereabouts; and

has nothing else for her support since the estate is gone out of her hands.

Elizabeth Harrop . I have known him about eight years; I never heard a bad character of him in my life.

Catherine Harrison . I have known him 15 years; I never heard but that he was a very honest, sober young man.

Mary Ann Thompson . I have known him from a child; he has a very good character: his mother keeps asses and hogs, and sells the pigs, and gardens. He used to be very industrious in mending the pales.

Silas Towl . I have known him from between five and six years of age; he bore a good character. This is the first thing I ever heard laid to his charge.

Stint Sutton, Esq; I live at Kingston. I have trusted things of considerable value in the prisoner's care; he might have taken any thing, if wickedly inclined. He has transacted business for me in paying bills. I never heard any thing amiss of him before this.

Prisoner. I was going to this gentleman's house (at the time they stopped me) for some linen which I left there.

William Collier . I have known him about five or six years; he was at my house three quarters of a year. I never heard but that he was an honest, sober young fellow. He was industrious in keeping the garden to rights.

Rev. Thomas Curtis . I have known him about five or six years; I live at Ryegate: I never heard any thing amiss of him till this affair. When I lived in London, he used to come to my house; I never saw him the least disguised in liquor: he was very industrious. I always had a very good opinion of his honesty.

John Seyber . I have known him about four or five years; he behaved well at my house: He has been with me breakfast, dinner, and supper, and left alone where has been plate, which he might easily have conveyed away. He bore a very good character.

John Hague . My acquaintance with the prisoner was very little; last summer I had lodgings at Newington, with my wife and niece: He lodged in the same house. We have breakfasted, dined, and supped together; and taken a walk together in the fields, and after dinner gone to Hornsey and drank tea: I never missed him one night while I was there. He was very regular; there was a communication from his room to mine, where were gold watches of my wife's and mine. He has several times gone to prayers with us: His behaviour was exceeding genteel. I looked upon him as a gentleman. I never heard any thing who he was: He told me his money was paid him by some friend at so much a month. He lived at the same rate, and paid his reckoning as we did.

Q. What expence might that be weekly?

Hague. I look upon it, he lived at about eighteen shillings or a guinea a week. He never dined without wine.

Christopher Norris . I have known him four months; he lodged with me. I live behind the Chapter-house, St. Paul's Church-yard.

Q. What business did he follow?

Norris. He appeared as a gentleman of fortune, and behaved as such: He was recommended as such. He behaved exceeding well, and kept good company.

James Riddle . I have known him three or four months. I kept company with him at different coffee-houses, and at different parts of the town: He always behaved like a gentleman. I always took him for a gentleman of fortune.

Frances Daniel . I have known him about eight or nine years; he was very industrious about his mother's asses: I always looked upon him to be a very honest man. He used to collect the rents for his mother.

John Sideway . I have known him about 15 years; I took him to be a very honest young fellow, and I do still: I rented a garden of his mother, and have sometimes paid the rent to him, and sometimes to his mother; sometimes with a receipt, and sometimes without; and if he had a mind to ask for the money again he might.

Prisoner. My mother has now eight or ten guineas a month coming in, and I have had presents from gentlemen at times. I went out of town this very time to buy milch asses for my mother.

Guilty Death .

William Stather.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-21

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136. (M.) William Stather , was indicted for stealing one great coat, value 15 s. one pair of boots, value 6 s. 2 fustian frocks, value 4 s. and 2 waistcoats, value 2 s. the property of William Ray , February 25 ||.

William Ray . I am servant to Mr. Urmston. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment from out of our stable in King Harry's Yard, East Smithfield . They were found again in Red-lion-square, at Dr. Powell's.

Thomas Hambleton . I am servant to Dr. Powell. I found the things mentioned in the indictment [naming them] in my master's stable. The prisoner was Dr. Powell's coachman. He told me he bought them; that he gave eight shillings for the great coat, and the other things he had had a great while.

[The things produced in court, and deposed to.]

Hugh Urmston , Esq; The prisoner at the bar was my coachman: He went from me to Dr. Powell. I gave these cloaths to Ray, who is now my coachman. The stable was robbed, and they taken away. I advertised them as lost, and the stable broke open, then Mr. Powell sent me a letter. They were found in his stable.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought them of a man that goes about the streets for eighteen shillings.

Guilty . T .

Ann Whitaker.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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137. (L.) Ann Whitaker , spinster , was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 2 s. 6 d. the property of Edward Edwards , privately from his person , March 1 ++.

Acquitted .

Mary Jones, Sarah Smith.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-23
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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138. (L.) Mary Jones and Sarah Smith , spinsters , were indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. and one pair of shoe-buckles, value 10 s. the property of Thomas Finleyson , privately from his person , April 11 . ++

Thomas Finleyson . Last Saturday night I was out in company; and when I got home about 12, I could not get in. I was a little in liquor; then I went to seefor a lodging. Going along by George-alley , Sarah Smith asked me to go along with her in the alley. She carried me up stairs, and called up Mary Jones ; and asked her, what she would have for the bed? Jones said, eighteen pence. I gave it her. Then Smith asked me to give her something to drink. I said, I had been drinking already; but I sent for a pint of beer for her: Jones brought it up. Then Smith asked me for a present, and said, she would go to bed with me? I said, I would give her nothing. She went down stairs, and I went to bed by myself. I had my watch in my breeches, and silver buckles in my shoes. When I had been in bed about half an hour, Mrs. Jones came to fetch the candle away. She awaked me coming up stairs. She asked me, if I would have my cloaths thrown on the bed. I said, yes: She throwed them on me. I heard my watch going as it lay under my head, when she was coming up stairs. She took the candle and went down. I did not bear my watch afterwards. I felt for my breeches, and they were lying on my cloaths. The watch was gone.

Q. Was she near enough to take your watch from your breeches?

Finleyson. She was; but I did not observe her hand at them. I knocked with my shoe. She came up again directly. I said, you have got my watch? She said, she had not. When I was going to put my shoes on, I found a pair of metal buckles in my shoes, and my silver ones gone. This I suppose was done when I was asleep. I went down stairs and locked the door, and put the key in my pocket. Then Jones insisted on the door being opened, and took the poker up twice to wrench the lock back. I was sitting by the fire. Then she went up stairs and came down, and said to me, please to let this gentleman out. When I came to the door, there was man standing upon the stairs. I let him out and put the key in my pocket, and sat down by the fire again. After that, I went out to see if I could see Sarah Smith: I could not find her. Then I went in and locked the door. and put the key in my pocket again, till the watchman came at three o'clock. I told him I had been robbed of my watch and buckles: He went to the watch-house, and brought two men and a constable. I charged them with Jones, and a young woman that sat by the fire asleep. Jones said there was another young woman in bed up stairs. I charged the constable with her, and took all three to the watch-house. The two young women were cleared at Guildhall. After this, Smith was taken; my buckles were found in her shoes. I never saw my watch since.

William Bodington . I am constable. I was not the constable that was charged with the three women on the Sunday morning. The constable that had the charge of them, came and told me, as he was taking them to Bridewell. Mary Jones told him, if he would let her go, or go along with her, she could help him to the buckles and watch. Then I said, I would go with him to her to Bridewell: We went there to her. She said, Sarah Smith had the watch and buckles. I asked her, if I should take her out about 8 at night, whether she could find Smith? She said, she believed she could; for she walked up and down Fleet-street with her every night. The other constable did not meet me, but the prosecutor's master did; his name is Woodhouse, a baker. We went to the matron, and she let Jones come out. I took her in my hand. We went up Fleet-market; we met an old woman: She said to her, mother, have you met the full-breasted girl to-night? because here are me and two more in Bridewell for robbing a baker's man that lives in Harp-alley of a watch and buckles, and she has got them; now the constable is so good to me, to tell me I shall be cleared out of Bridewell, if I can find her. The old woman said, then d - n her, a bitch, we will have her to-night. Then they inquired of a girl, who said she was just gone in at a gin-shop. We went there: She was gone. Then he and the old woman walked up one side of Fleet-street, and I and Jones on the other. He laid hold of Smith just by St. Dunstan's-church, and called me. I took charge of her, and took her to my house in Salisbury-court, and sent him home for his man to see her. I asked Smith, how she came to take the buckles out of his shoes? She said, he changed with her. Said I, how came you to change knee-buckles, for we found his knee-buckles upon her. They were black ones, and his silver buckles in her shoes. [Produced, and deposed to.] She said, that the man the prosecutor let out of the house had got the watch. That man is a drummer in the first regiment of

guards; he deserted from the Tower, his name is Robert Hubbard . His drum coat was found in Jone's house. Going with the prisoner to Newgate; Jones said (as I have lost one eye) d - n your squint eye; you have done all the mischief you can, you shall never have the watch again. I had rather be transported, than the drummer should be hanged; for he is a deserter, and will be hanged, if taken. She desired we would carry his coat to the Tower.

Jones in her defence, denied knowing any thing of the taking the watch and buckles.

Smith in her defence said, the prosecutor made a present of the buckles to lie with her.

Both guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person . T .

Christopher Robinson.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-24

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139. (L.) Christopher Robinson , was indicted for stealing two vessels of silver in the shape of a barrel, value 5 s. three vessels of silver in the shape of an egg, value 6 s. two vessels of silver in the shape of a jar, value 5 s. and eight other vessels in the shape of an egg, value 12 s. the property of David Field , March 26 . +

David Field I am a silversmith . The prisoner was my journeyman near 35 years. I lost the goods mentioned in the indictment. Mr. Wintle came to me on the 26th of March, and asked me, if I ever sent goods out of my shop unfinished? I said, no. Then said he, I am afraid you have got a partner, and shewed me the things mentioned. I know them to be my property, and the work of my own hands.

Mr. Wintle. I bought these things of Mr. Yowell. Mr. Field does business for me in this way. I took them to be of his work. I carried them to him, and he owned them directly.

William Cadwallider . I took 15 spung boxes in the shape of eggs, barrels, and the like, of the prisoner at the bar, in pawn. I kept them the time we agreed. Then I sold them to Samuel Yowell a Jew.

Samuel Yowell . I bought those things produced of Mr. Cadwallider, and sold them again to Mr. Wintle. [Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.

Prisoner's Defence.

The pawnbroker had them not half a year before he sold them. I said, pray do not part with them, for I intend to have them again. The prisoner called Joseph and William Sterne . The first had known him near 27 years, and the other 17; who both gave him a good character.

Guilty . T .

William Barnes.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-25

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140. (L.) William Barnes , was indicted for sacrilegiously stealing one communion table-cloth, value 21 s. three damask napkins, four brass candle-branches, and one reading-desk cover, made of crimson velvet, in the cathedral church of St. Paul's, the property of the right reverend John lord bishop of Oxford , and the dean and chapter of St. Paul's , April 6 . ||.

Benjamin Pierce . I am sacrist of the cathedral church of St. Paul's , and as such I have the charge of all the plate, linen, and several things belonging to the church. Most of those things, when not in use, are put in a chest or press, by a person whom I call my deputy. That deputy has been in a very ill state of health for some time, and therefore he has been forced to call in a person to his assistance: He very unluckily called in the prisoner at the bar. On the 5th or 6th of this instant, Mr. Fosset, one of the vergers of St. Paul's, took me into the vestry to examine there. I found the surplices all there, but instead of four napkins, there were only two. We reported this to the bishop of Oxford, who is dean of St. Paul's. He ordered us to wait upon Mr. Alderman Dickenson, to know what must be done: He granted a search warrant. We took up Barnes, and he confessed that the linen table-cloth was pawned at Mr. Harrison's. a pawnbroker in Bride-lane, in the name of Cook: and the two napkins in Blackfriars, at Mr. Radbard's, by the same Cook. I asked him, what was become of Cook? He said, he was somewhere about the church-yard. I desired one of the vergers to give a good look out for him. We soon took him, and brought him to Barnes; who confirmed what Barnes had confessed. We carried them before Mr. alderman Dickenson: He sent for the pawnbrokers, who came, and acknowledged the pawing of the said goods. They were bound over to appear, and Barnes and Cook were committed to the Compter. The next day we searched the chest of plate; there was the pulpit candle-branch missing. I went to Barnes in the Compter, and asked him what was become of the branches? He told me, they were pawned at Mr. Wilmot's, in St. Bride's-alley. I called upon Mr. Wilmot. He owned he had such in his custody, and was ready to produce them. Two or three days after this, we missed a velvet desk-cloth. Barnes was then removed to Newgate. I was told Barnes had pawned it at Mr. Cates's, a pawnbroker in Chandois-street. I went there, and took one of the vergers with me. We asked Mr. Cates's son or servant, if one Barnes had pawned a velvet cover or cloth at his house? He said, yes, We desired to see it. He produced it; and Mr. Argent the verger, was very sure, that that very cloth produced, was the property of the dean and chapter of St. Paul's.

Mr. Fosset. I am a verger of St. Paul's. I have heard what has been said by Mr. Pierce. I can say no more than he has said, except the two

branches, which were brought to me on Good-Friday from Mr. Harrison's. I know there were two arms belonging to the branch of St. Paul's. I heard the prisoner confess, that he ordered Cook to pawn the table-cloth at Mr. Harrison's; and also the napkins at Mr. Radbard's, in Blackfriars.

Q. from the Prisoner. Did you ever miss any things before these mentioned?

Fosset. No.

James Tapper . I am servant to Mr. Harrison, a pawnbroker. I took a table-cloth and two brass arms in of one Cook, on the and 12th of January. [ Produced in court.]

Mr. Pierce. Here are the letters St. P. the dean and chapter's mark on the table-cloth, by which I know it to be St. Paul's communion tablecloth. Cook owned he pawned it there by the prisoner's consent.

John Isaac . I am servant to Mr. Radbard. [He produced two napkins.] I took these in of William Cook on the 1st of March.

Mr. Pierce. These have the same mark upon them. These the prisoner also owned were pawned by Cook, by his consent.

John Cates . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Chandois-street. [He produced a velvet cloth, with fringe round it.] This was taken in by my servant. Justice Cox told me, it was sufficient if I came here without bringing him. It was brought to my house on the 5th of June last. It has been in and out, and in and out again. It was taken in in June last, and out in November; and in again in December the 8th: When it was brought, my son wanted a voucher. The man went and brought one John King ; who said he was a broker, and lived in Vine-street.

Q. What could you imagine it to be? Did you ever see such a thing in any place except a church?

Cates. I don't know that I ever saw such a thing in a church.

Mr. Pierce. I heard Barnes say, he pawned the desk cloth at this man's house.

Henry Argent . I am one of the vergers of St. Paul's. This velvet cloth belongs to the cathedral church of St. Paul's.

Q. to Cate. Do you know John King ?

Cates. I do: He is a journeyman taylor.

Mr. Argent. Upon the prisoner's confessing in Newgate, this cloth was in this man's house, we went there. The pawnbroker did not behave so well as he should have done. He would not let us have a sight of it, till we went to Sir John Fielding , and brought a search warrant. When we were going out of the house, he asked us, if it was stolen? I said, it was. This is a cover to a reading desk. It is used when a prebend is installed into his office: They are obliged to read the whole service, that is what is called Reading in.

John Peers . I am a pawnbroker; I live with Mr. Wilmot, in St. Bride's church-yard. [He produced a pair of brass arms.] Those were brought to me by Cook: I refused taking them in, and sent the man away. He returned with a man belonging to Mr. Harrison, who was about leaving off trade. Who said, he had had them several times in their shop. Cook told me, his master lived in the Commons. Mr. Pierce called upon me, and asked, if there were such things with us? I said, there were.

Mr. Pierce. The prisoner owned to me these arms were pawned in Bride's-alley, to Mr. Wilmot.

Peers. Had the prisoner at the bar offered them to me, I should not have taken them in, because I know he belongs to St. Paul's.

Richard Gold . I am a dean's verger. I was desired by Mr. Fosset, to examine whether the cloth was present or missing; and I missed the tablecloth and two napkins.

Mr. Jenkins. I am a brasier. I cleaned these branches last June was twelve-months. I know they belong to St. Paul's church. [Taking them all four into his hand]

Q. to Pierce. Whose property are those goods here produced?

Mr. Pierce. They are the property of the dean and chapter of St. Paul's. They used to be kept, some in the dean's vestry, and some in the vestry in the north isle.

Prisoner's Defence.

When I took those things, which were at several times, my circumstances were very low. I was under several dilemmas in debt. I own I took them to help me in my necessity. I intended to restore them to their proper places again.

Q. from the Prisoner to Mr. Pierce. Did you ever know any thing amiss of me before?

Mr. Pierce. No.

Q. from the Prisoner to Mr. Argent. Did you ever?

Mr. Argent. I could not accuse him with any thing before of my own knowledge.

Guilty Death .

Sarah Church.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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141. (M.) Sarah Church , single woman , was indicted for the wilful murder of her male child , April the 7th . She stood likewise charged on the Coroner's Inquest for the said murder. ||

Elizabeth Bowman . I am a midwife. The prisoner was servant to Mrs. Keith: I was sent for after the child was born on the 7th of April: The child was taken out of a trunk and laid upon a large chest; it had no marks of violence upon it; it was in a flannel petticoat. I asked, why she did not send for me before? She said, because her mistress had bolted her into her room, and the child was born at two in the morning. Had it been a married woman's case,

I should not have been surprized to have found the woman and child both dead.

Q. Was it born alive?

E. Bowman. I cannot tell that. It might have died before it came into the world. She had made provision for it. [ The baby things produced.]

Q. Had the child gone its full time?

E. Bowman. It had.

Mary Keith . I live at Chelsea. The prisoner was my servant for three months. I did not believe she was with child; I had too good an opinion of her. I saw some blood in the room, and I suspected she had had a child. I said, I am afraid there is something in the trunk that should not be. I asked for the key. She gave it me. I then went to a neighbour, and told her; she desired I would not open the trunk till the constable came. When he came we opened it; we found the child at the bottom of it; but I did not examine it, it was a boy; but I am no judge whether it had gone its full time or not.

Q. Did you bolt her into her room?

M. Keith. I did, as she said, she was very sick, because she should not be disturbed.

Q. Did you hear her call in the night?

M. Keith. No. I did not. I charged her with being with child, but she never would own it.

Sarah Clark . I live at Newington in Surry. I was at Chelsea about the time this woman was brought to bed. I came just as the constable came. I saw the child in a petticoat; it was under some linen in a box: it was taken out of the box, and put upon a chest. I saw no marks of violence upon it.

Q. Had it gone its full time?

S. Clark. I do not know that; neither do I know whether it was born alive. I think it might have been smothered in the bed at the time of the birth for want of proper help. She said, it was born about two o'clock.

James Wright . I am the constable. I was sent for to open the trunk. I found a dead child in a bit of linen rag, wrapped in a piece of an old petticoat; we took it out and laid it on a chest. I asked the prisoner, how she came to put it there? She said, she was brought to bed about two o'clock, and did not come to herself till about five; she found it dead, and so she put it in her trunk, because her mistress had said, if she was brought to bed there, she would throw her and the child into the street. I found some child-bed linen in the trunk. It might be born alive, but might have died for want of help.

Alexander Reed . I opened the body of the child, and took out the lungs, and made the usual experiment, and found they swam, which shews it had breathed: but it might have been smothered without her having done any thing to it; there was no appearance of any mark or outward design to destroy it. I look upon it, it died for want of proper assistance.

E. Bowman. I parted the navel string, &c.

Prisoner's Defence.

The reason I did not own I was with child was, because I intended to go to my aunt's to lie-in: I intended to have gone away the next day. The reason I put the child in the trunk was, because my mistress had said, if I was brought to bed there, she would throw me and the child in the street. When I was delivered and came to myself, I found it dead. I called out, but nobody heard me; I was spent so much at last that I could call no more.

For the Prisoner.

Mr. Wilson, with whom she had lived almost five months, gave her the character of a sober, honest, diligent person.

Acquitted .

Catherine Stevens.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-27

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142. (M.) Catherine Stevens , spinster , was indicted for stealing one feather-bed, value 21 s. two bed curtains, value 2 s. one fire shovel, value 4 d. one iron poker, value 2 d. two linen sheets, value 3 s. one blanket, one brass candlestick, one looking glass, and one warming pan, the property of John Brown, in a certain lodging room let by contract , Jan. 8 . ||

Guilty . T .

Sarah Lamb.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-28

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143. (M.) Sarah Lamb , spinster , was indicted for stealing one blue and white apron, value 5 s. one cotton gown, one crape gown, one camblet gown, one callimanco petticoat, a scarlet petticoat, one linen sheet, one sattin bonnet, one sattin hat , the property of Alice Mitchell , widow , Feb. 23 . ++

Alice Mitchell . I have a room in a house in the parish of St. Sepulchre ; on the 24th of February my room was broke open when I was out, and the things mentioned in the indictment stolen. I was told the prisoner had pawned some of the things. I took her up. She owned to me she had pawned them all at two pawnbrokers, and that she knew them to be my property.

John Matkins and Sarah Baskenvile , two pawnbrokers, deposed to the taking the several things in of prisoner at the bar. [Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix]

Prisoner's Defence.

I met a man, and he had the things in a bundle; he gave me a shilling to take care of them for him;

and he said, he would come again, but did not; and I went and pawned them.

Guilty . T .

Elizabeth Waters.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-29
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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144. (M.) Elizabeth Waters , otherwise Waterhouse , was indicted for stealing a damask table cloth, value 6 s . the property of Catharine Butler , spinster , January 14 . ++

Guilty . B .

Hannah .
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-30
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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145. (L.) Hannah, wife of - Moseley , was indicted for stealing one muslin laced handkerchief, value 2 l. 2 s. one pair of double ruffles; one pair of double gause ruffles, with blond lace; one yard of minionet, laced, set to a sooting; two yards of minionet; four yards of blond lace; half a yard of mechlin lace; one pair of double muslin ruffles; one muslin mob, laced; one flower'd minionet mob, laced; one clear muslin mob, with mechlin lace and footing; one lawn mob; one mechlin laced cap; 1 flower'd lawn bordered apron; one Holland double clear muslin handkerchief; 1 striped border'd muslin handkerchief; one clear lawn handkerchief; one cambrick handkerchief; one flower'd gause handkerchief; two clear lawn tuckers; one spotted lawn tucker; two gause tuckers; two pair of cotton stockings; one pair of black sattin shoes; a yard and half of long lawn; one flannel petticoat; three shirts; one pair of white finger gloves; one pair of mittins; several remnants of clear lawn; four yards of new ribband; three pair of childrens cotton stockings; and other things; the property of Joseph Stanynought , in the dwelling house of the said Joseph , March 3 .~

Joseph Stanynought . I live in St. Bride's parish. The prisoner came to live with me on the 8th of January as a hired servant. My wife was brought to bed on the 1st of February. The prisoner had the keys of the child-bed linen, and other things. On the 3d of March at her own desire I discharged her. Between the 1st of February and the 4th of March I lost all the things mentioned in the indictment. She was taken before the sitting alderman. We had a search warrant, and went to the house of Mrs. Higby, in St James's-street, where she had lodged; there we found a great number of the things, which my wife can give the best account of [produced in court and deposed to by Mrs. Stanynought].

Mary Higby . I live in St. James's-street, Westminster. The prisoner had a box at my house. She brought a great parcel of things the Monday before she was taken up, and untied the handkerchief on the bed. I saw her put the things in the box. I remember a pair of double ruffles. I was the less surprized, as she told me she had a great many good things at her uncle's. She had been with me ever since the month of June. The prisoner told me she gave half a guinea for the ruffles. She had been bringing things from the fourth or fifth of March.

Avery Tow. I live servant with the prosecutor. I came on the third of March, the day the prisoner was to go away. I was by the fire in the kitchen. She came to me, and asked for some pins to pin her bundle. One of the bundles was unpinned, and the things fell down; I picked up a pair of double laced ruffles; I saw two laced caps, one of muslin with a footing to it, the other a flower'd minionet with a lace; a flowered lawn apron, and a gause apron: the handkerchief in which they were was a red and white spotted one, there was in another bundle a great quantity of lace, some of which had the millener's marks upon them; there were some damask napkins, and three pair of white cotton stockings.

Prosecutor. The three pair of white cotton stockings were found at Newington, where the prisoner's child was at nurse.

A. Tow. The prisoner took out of her pocket a pair of double ruffles, whipped, and put them on her arms. I was surprized to find the prisoner, who was but a servant, should have so many good things. She said, when her mistress was in a good key, and the devil out of the way, she would give her a few things. I asked her, what she did with napkins? She said, her mistress would not allow towels in the family, and so she was obliged to use them. Afterwards I took occasion to speak to my mistress, and said, the last maid had got a great deal of lace, and a great many fine things: then my mistress went to her drawers, and missed the things; this was the first of missing them.

Mr. Roberts. I am constable. I searched the house of Mrs. Terry at Newington, and found three pair of cotton stockings on the 17th of March [be looked them out from the other things, deposed to by the prosecutor's wife].

Prisoner's Defence.

This is quite false what the servant maid has swore against me. She was not in the house an hour and a half before I went away. I was not in the kitchen with her. The stockings I bought for my child. They charge me very wrongfully. I never wronged them of any thing.

For the Prisoner.

Ann Young who had known her upwards of three years;

Mrs. Terry (who has her child at nurse) about a year; and

Mary Rice about three quarters of a year; all gave her a good character.

Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling-house . T .

Isabella Philpot.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-31
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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146. (L.) Isabella Philpot spinster was indicted for stealing one pair of black stockings, two linen shifts, one linen cap, one work'd Drelden handkerchief, and two silver stay-hooks , the property of Robert Graham , March 31 .~

The prisoner lived servant with the prosecutor from three weeks before Christmas to the 29th of March, when she was turned away; after which the things were missing, She had not taken her boxes away, in which was found the cap. The Dresden handkerchief was found at a house where she had offered it for sale. The prisoner delivered the stay-hooks to the constable after she was taken, and the stockings were found upon her legs.

The prisoner in her Defence, said, her master gave her the things.

Guilty 10 d. W .

Isaac Cohen.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-32
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

147. (L.) Isaac Cohen , was indicted for stealing 13 handkerchiefs, value 13 s. five caps, value 2 s. one pair of long lawn ruffles, value 1 s. three aprons, value 8 s. one pair of cotton stockings, a pair of shoes, three linen aprons, value 8 s. 4 shifts, a pair of shift sleeves, one pair of white cotton stockings, value 1 s. one white callico gown, value: 6 s. one silk gown, value 21 s. one black stuff gown, two pieces of scarlet cloth, and one deal box, the property of Margaret Meakins , in the dwelling-house of Rachael Smith , widow, March 3 . ++

Margaret Meakins . On the third of March I lost a deal box full of linen out of my room when I was out [she mentions all the goods in the indictment]. They were all in a deal box, except the gowns. I know not who stole them.

Rachael Smith . Margaret Meakins lodges in a room in my house. She goes out to work at Mr. Say's an upholsterer on Ludgate-hill. She came home at two o'clock to dinner on the third of March; and as she had no fire she dined with me, and went out afterwards to her work. She said, she had locked her door, and had the key in her pocket. After that, I was going into my parlour, I missed my key out of my kitchen door. I looked up stairs. I saw the stair-case lighter than usual. I went up and saw Mrs. Meakins's door wide open, and the lid of a box half off, and one box gone. I went out, and asked my neighbours, if they had seen any body carry out any thing? A man said, he saw the prisoner come down stairs. The prisoner had been with me the forenoon that day. I was in my cellar, and heard the street door open very softly. I came up as fast as I could, and met the prisoner coming out of my kitchen. I said, what do you want? He said, is Mrs. Daniel at home? I said, go up and see. He went up; this was about 11 in the forenoon. I staid in the entry till he came down again. I did not like his looks. I was told by my lodgers above, that he did not ask for Mrs. Daniel, but for Mrs. Thompson, when he was above. The things, all but the gowns, were found in his apartment [ produced in court, and deposed to].

Mary Daniel . The woman that the prisoner lives with (named Susannah Pyke ) works for me. She delivered the things here produced to me that night, when they were carrying him to the Compter. I had asked her to let me search the room; and when I saw the things, I knew them: he was taken in the room.

Mary Thompson . I was with Mary Daniel at the prisoner's lodgings, when the woman that he lives with delivered these things to her. She said the prisoner brought them there.

Susannah Pyke . I know the prisoner at the bar brought a box of things into the room where he and I live. I delivered it to Mrs. Daniel.

John Brintal . I was going into my house in Fleur-de-lis court, Black Friers, that day about five minutes after two o'clock there were some boys quarreling at their marbles; I turned about to look at them, and saw a man (I believe it to be the prisoner) come out of Mrs. Smith's house with a box under his arm, and a bundle on the top of that.

Q. Suppose you was obliged to swear he was or was not the man?

Brintal. I should swear he was the man, though I never saw him before.

Elizabeth Smith . The prisoner lodged at my house on the third of March. About three o'clock he came in with a brown box under his arm.

Q. Where do you live?

Elizabeth Smith . I live in Whitecross-street. I met him in the entry at the street door; he seemed to be in a hurry; he hung down his head, and never spoke.

Prisoner's Defence.

I cannot help it; if they have a mind to swear I had the things, they may swear; I cannot help it.

For the Prisoner.

Sarah Hart , who had known him 15 years; and Lazarus Mier, about nine or ten; they gave him a good character.

Guilty 39 s. T .

John Wilson.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-33
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

148. (L.) John Wilson , was indicted for stealing 18 silk handkerchiefs, value 39 s. the property of James Buxton . April 17 . ++

James Buxton . The prisoner was my servant . I had a suspicion I was robbed of several things. I found the handkerchiefs mentioned in Fox's-lane, at Mr. Hollis's, a stopseller. I charged the prisoner with stealing them; he confessed he did.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not steal them. I was trusted to sell them.

Guilty . B .

William Graham.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-34
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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149. (L.) William Graham , was indicted for stealing two six-pences , the property of John Ireland , March 10 . ++

Guilty 6 d. T .

Mary Kite.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-35
SentenceCorporal > pillory; Imprisonment > newgate; Miscellaneous > fine

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150. (L.) Mary Kite , was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury on a trial at Guild-hall , February 22 . ++

David Williams . I belong to the Custom-house; am a tidesman in see. I saw the prisoner come out of a Hamburgh vessel, lately arrived: she had landed upon the stairs. I went and told her I was a Custom-house-officer. I examined her bundle, and found about seven ells of holland, and three quarters of a yard of cambrick. I told her, I must seize them, and carry them to the warehouse. I walked with them: she followed me to the warehouse. When I came out, she followed, and asked me, which way she should get them again? I bid her go over to the George coffee-house, there is a man that writes petitions, and possibly, upon application to the honourable board, they may grant them you again. She went there. Then I went to the wharf. A soldier told an acquaintance of mine, that the waterman advised her not to land there, and that the woman had more goods about her. Then I went back to the coffee-house, and said to her, I have an information you have more goods about you. There were Timothy Osmond , Mr. Wingfield, Richard Sewell the waiter, and Mary Cook , by; it was just by the bar. I took and felt her arms, that is, on the outside her cloaths, and her cloaths down, by squeezing them. She said, be civil. I said, you may depend upon it, I shall do nothing indecent. I touched her pockets on the outside pretty hard; she did not complain of any indecency. About five or six weeks after I was indicted, and tried last sessions at Guild-hall. She swore on that trial, that

"I took her behind the

"yard-door at the George coffee-house, put my

"hand up her petticoats, behaved very rudely to

"her, and gave her a violent blow on her breast;

"she cried out: Afterwards she complained to the

"master of the house of my ill usuage." His name is William Young .

Q What did she say upon her cross-examination?

Williams. She was asked by the court, whether Mr. Bland or Mr. Vincent asked her, whether she had declared to them that I had behaved no way indecent to her. She denied it, and declared she never said I behaved no way indecent to her.

Q. Did you take her behind the yard-door at the George coffee house?

Williams. No.

Q Did you put your hand up her petticoats?

Williams. No.

Q. Did you behave rudely to her?

Williams. No.

Q. Did you give her a blow on the breast, or strike her?

Williams. No: I did not strike her in no way whatsoever,

Q. from the Prisoner. Did you not take up every one of my petticoats, till you came to my shift?

Williams. No.

Timothy Osmond . I was in the George coffee-house when the prisoner was there. She was talking to me about the things being taken from her. She said, I should not mind it, if he had not used me so ill. I said, when? She said, now this minute; Mr. Wingfield was in the box with me. She said, he put his hand up her petticoats and down her bosom, and she stood very still, for she was frighted, and did not know what he was going to do with her.

Q. Did you hear her cry out?

Osmond. No, I did not. I did not know that Mr. Williams was there.

Oldfield Wingfield. I was in the coffee house at the same time that David Williams was searching the prisoner. I was in the same box with the last witness: She made no complaint, or cried out. She said, sir, I hope you will be civil to me. He said, I will not hurt you in any shape, or treat you with any indecency. I had my back towards them; but if what she swore to had been true, I must have heard it.

Richard Sewell . I saw David Williams search the woman at the bar in our coffee-house. I did not see him use her with any indecency. I saw him handle her cloaths on the outside, but not up her petticoats. She did not complain at that time at all: This was in the open coffee-room. There was Mr. Wingfield, Mr. Osmond, the maid, and me, by. I am servant there.

Q. Did the prisoner complain to your master?

Sewell. No.

Q. Did Williams strike her?

Sewell. No.

William Young . I was master of the George coffee-house. I was at breakfast when this happened. I saw nothing of it.

Q. Did the prisoner complain of any thing to you?

Young. She complained to me and my spouse. she had lost a remnant of holland and a little bit of cambrick, but did not make any complaint of any blow, or any ill-usage, any farther than that of the taking her goods.

Richard Vincent . I saw the prisoner in the coffee-room

several times. She applied to the board to have her linen again.

Q. What are you?

Vincent. I am inspector. I told her Williams was at Gravesend, and when he came home, I dare say he would do her all the service he could. I hope she knows me now. she swore at Guild-hall she did not know me. I told her, I heard she was going to prosecute Williams for ill-treating her. Mr. Blond and I were together in the coffee-room. She had applied several times to have them restored, and lodged a complaint against Williams for ill-treatment; but I never heard any thing about a blow. Mr. Blond and I were ordered to inquire into the state of it, whether Williams was guilty or not: I told her, I was very sorry to hear she was going to carry a prosecution on against Williams. She declared to me and Mr. Blond, David Williams had never used any indecency to her in the coffee-house.

Prisoner's Defence.

I petitioned for my cloth, and could never get an answer. They all put me to defiance, because I had no witnesses. He said, he could have witnesses, and I could have none. I have no witnesses of the bad usage he gave me, but I had witnesses afterwards of the condition I was in, from the fright he put me in. I was a stranger, and did not know where I was. When I got into Tower-street, I miscarried. I was eleven weeks gone with child. They told me he was a waterman, and his name was Williams.

Q. to Vincent. Had her charge been true, what would have been the consequence?

Vincent. David Williams would have been discharged.

Prisoner. I was advised to do this by Mr. Kelly, a lawyer.

Guilty . P . Im .

[Fine. See summary.]

Peter Olsen.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbert17620421-36
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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151. (M.) Peter Olsen , was indicted, for assaulting Enoch Stevenson and Benjamin Holmes , putting them in corporal fear and danger of their lives, and taking from their persons two hats, value 2 s. the property of the said Stevenson and Holmes , March 11 . ++

The indictment was laid wrong, the two prosecutors not being partners. It should have been laid for stealing one hat, value 1 s. the property of Enoch Stevenson; and one other hat, value 1 s. the property of Benjamin Holmes. He was acquitted on that indictment, but remanded back to prison .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Samuel Norris.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbero17620421-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Samuel Norris , capitally convicted January sessions. was executed on Wednesday the 3d of February.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Hunt.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbero17620421-2
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Miscellaneous > military naval duty

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William Hunt , capitally convicted the same sessions, received his majesty's pardon, on condition of joining and continuing in the regiment now in Jamaica .

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Samuel Norris, William Hunt.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbers17620421-1
SentenceDeath > executed; No Punishment > pardon; Miscellaneous > military naval duty

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 3; viz.

William Barnes , Edward Jewin , otherwise Chambers otherwise Gordon and William Morgan,

Received sentence of transportation for seven years, 18; viz.

George Smith , Catherine Rebicca Matthews , Francis Smith , Mary Jones , Sarah Smith , Christopher Robinson . Hannah Moseley , Isaac Cohen , William Graham , Samuel South , Isabella Denston, Benjamin Snell , otherwise Dick Rice, Joyce Toping , Eleanor Birk , Sarah Clark , William Stather , Catherine Stevens , and Sarah Lanny .

To be branded, 2; viz.

Elizabeth Waters , otherwise Waterhouse, and John Wilson .

To be whipped, 4; viz.

Isabella Philpot, Mary M'Coy, Sarah Tims , and Alice Bockham .

Mary Kite to stand upon the pillory the space of one hour upon Tower-hill, to pay a fine of one shilling, and to be imprisoned in Newgate for one year.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Samuel Norris.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbers17620421-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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Samuel Norris , capitally convicted January sessions. was executed on Wednesday the 3d of February.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Hunt.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbers17620421-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Miscellaneous > military naval duty

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William Hunt , capitally convicted the same sessions, received his majesty's pardon, on condition of joining and continuing in the regiment now in Jamaica .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
21st April 1762
Reference Numbera17620421-1

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