Old Bailey Proceedings.
16th April 1760
Reference Number: 17600416

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
16th April 1760
Reference Numberf17600416-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 16th, Thursday the 17th, and Friday the 18th of APRIL,

In the Thirty-third Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER IV. for the YEAR 1760. Being the Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir THOMAS CHITTY , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by G. KEARSLY (Successor to the late Mr. Robinson) at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street, 1760.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of LONDON, and at the General Sessions of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City of LONDON, and County of MIDDLESEX, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir THOMAS CHITTY , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir WILLIAM MORETON , Knt. Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City.

London Jury.

Saunders Oliver

Henry Little

John Cooper

William Russell

John Luntley

Richard Hughes

Richard Lonsdell

James Tukey

Edmund Notterville

William Hall

Daniel Aldersey

James Searle

Middlesex Jury.

William Frith

George Hart

Joshua Lascells

Richard Harris

William West

William Brown

Thomas Pickle

Samuel Vaughan

John Legg

Edward Parker

Thomas Manlove

Peter Jackson

N. B. The Letters. (L.) (M.) direct to the Jury by which the Prisoner was tried.

William Bowen.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-1

Related Material

129. (L.) William Bowen was indicted for stealing 5 lb of coffee, value 4 s. the property of persons unknown, Mar. 15 .

William Sturt . I am a sea faring man, and was at the Cock and Anchor on the 15th of March, when the prisoner came in, and asked to go down into the cellar to the necessary house. I saw his trowser pocket stood out on a bulge. I took a candle and went down, and found him amongst the vessels with his trowsers in his hand I took hold of them, and he offered me what he had in his pocket to let him go. I took him up, and there was the merchants constable Mr. Rawlins. We searched his trowsers, and found 5 lb of raw coffee; (produced in court, and deposed to.) We took him before my Lord mayor, where he said he had it from on board a ship called the Lion, at Cox's wharf , that came from Guadaloupe with coffee and sugar, and that they threw it over board by shovelfuls; that he had it part from on board, and part from off the ground.

Q. What is he?

Sturt. He is what they call a lumper .

John Rawlins . I am constable for the West-India merchants, and saw the prisoner come in at the Cock and Anchor [confirming what the other evidence had said.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at work in unloading that ship along with five others, and in craning the bags out, some of them burst, and a great deal of coffee fell on the ground; the poor people pick'd it up, and I pick'd up some. The captain and mate stood by, and seeing my hat full, they bid me put it in my pocket, which I did; they said poor people had better take it, than let it be trod under foot.

For the Prisoner.

Mr. Davis. I have known the prisoner 26 or 27 years.

Q. What has been his character?

Davis. He was reckon'd a very honest man 22 or 23 years ago; I know nothing of him since that time.

Richard James . I knew him about 20 years ago, and never heard any harm of him, but have not known any thing of him for 16 or 17 years.

Guilty .

Jane Powell, Eleanor Powell.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-2

Related Material

130, 131. (M.) Jane Powell , spinster , and Eleanor Powell , widow , were indicted, the first for stealing one garnet necklace, value 40 s. one mock garnet ditto, value 3 s. and one gold ring, value 6 s. the property of James Hammar Biker , and the other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have bee stolen , April 3 .

Mary Biker . I am wife to James Hammar Biker ; the prisoner Jane Powell was my servant .

Q. How long did she live with you?

Biker. About a fortnight, at the close of which she pretended that she had fits, and could not con tinue any longer in my service, so she went away, but said she had got a place which she approved of much better than her present one I look'd about and missed two necklaces, as mentioned in the indictment, and likewise a mourning ring, concluding she had taken them away from out of my room, for being my house-maid she had access to the place where they were put. On this I went to Mr. Fielding, who granted a warrant to search her lodgings. She lodged with her mother , the other prisoner, where the things were found: I was present at the search. They were both carried before justice Fielding, where one was charged with stealing and the other with receiving them. They both denied knowing any thing of it, but at last Eleanor beg'd for mercy, and then Jane fell on her knees, begging for mercy likewise.

Richard Gay . I am a constable, and searched the lodging of the two prisoners. We sat Eleanor on a chair, and bid her sit still while we searched about. She sat very composed at first, but when we went to the grate she altered very much, and appeared very uneasy. She went, and insisted upon sweeping up the ashes herself, but we would not let her. I looked in the grate, and took it out, and in one corner of it I found the two necklaces, and in the other corner I found the mourning ring. [Produced in court, and deposed to.] I also found a pair of gold buttons in another room, which are not laid in the indictment. I observed the mother was very uneasy when we came near where that was concealed. I found about forty different keys about the house. [He produced four which he had tried, and they opened the prosecutrix's locks where the things were taken from.] The key that opened the lock where Mrs. Biker deposed she kept her necklaces, was found with the necklaces in the grate.

Mrs. Biker. These four keys (taking them in her hand) will lock and unlock four of my locks.

Jane's Defence.

I never tried to open a lock in my life; my mother is innocent of the whole of this.

Eleanor's Defence.

I knew nothing of any such things being in my apartment; as to the keys, they are the keys of my tea chest, and of my drawers.

Both Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Charles Potter.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-3

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132 (M.) Charles Potter was indicted for stealing two pair of womens stuff shoes, value 5 s. and three pair of cotton stuff pumps, value 7 s. the property of Edward Pitman , March 25 .

Edward Pitman . The prisoner was my servant for about five years; I am a shoemaker , and he was my clicker : I discharged him about five or six weeks after Christmas, on suspicion of his robing me. Afterwards I was going by a pawnbroker's shop, in the parish of St. Ann's , in a place called Walker's Court, where I saw several pair of shoes of mine hanging in the window.

Q. Where do you live?

Pitman. I live in the same-parish. I went and told the pawnbroker they were all mine, and said I believed I knew the person that stole them. He asked me what name. I said, Charles Potter . He said he had taken them all of him, and they were booked in that name. I went and took the prisoner up, and carried him before justice Fielding, where he confessed he had taken them wrongfully, and beg'd forgiveness. [Produced in court, and deposed to.] There were more of them, but I suppose here are enough to prove the felony.

Cross Examination.

Q. How do you know these to be your property?

Pitman. There are my marks on them, and I can swear to my man's work.

Q. Does he work for any body else?

Pitman. No, he does not.

Q. What is your mark?

Pitman There was the letter P.

Q. Does not the letter P. stand for his name, and a hundred names besides your's?

Pitman It may, but I knew my man's work, and from amongst other shoes pick'd them out, and they answered to the pawnbroker's book, as brought by him.

Q. Did you promise him to be favourable upon confession?

Pitman. No, I did not.

James Hunt I am a pawnbroker, and took these shoes in of the prisoner at the bar, at different times.

Q. When did he first begin to pawn things with you?

Hunt. Some years ago; these are what came lately. He brought one pair of these in January last, one in February, and three in March. When Mr. Pitman came in, he said they were his, that he suspected who stole them, and named the prisoner's name, so I said I had them of him.

Cross Examination.

Q. What trade is the prisoner?

Hunt. He is a shoemaker, and has made shoes for me.

Q. Can you distinguish these shoes from others?

Hughes. I cannot, not being a shoemaker.

Q. What is the prisoner's general character?

Hunt. I took him to have been an honest man.

Prisoner's Defence.

I used to make shoes for my own customers, and buy my own stuff; these were shoes that I made for myself.

To his Character.

Edward Rogers . I have known the prisoner between five and six years; he is what we call a clicker, that is, one who cuts out for the shoemakers.

Q. What is his general character?

Rogers. A very honest sober young man.

William Herbert . I live in Rupert Street, and have known him betwixt four and five years.

Q. What is his character?

Herbert. He is a very honest man for what ever I have heard.

Thomas Pollard . I have known him from his birth; he was born in the house where I have lived forty years, and I never saw any thing amiss of him; he is a very honest industrious man.

John Collier . I am a peruke maker; I knew him four or five years before he work'd with Mr. Pitman.

Q. What has been his behaviour?

Collier. He is very honest as far as I know or have heard.

John Pool . I have known him about three years.

Q. What is his general character?

Pool. I always look'd upon him to be a very honest man. I am a cabinet-maker. He bought ten pounds worth of goods of me, to furnish a room, and was to pay me so much a week, which he did very honestly; it is almost paid.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Isabella Tomson.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-4
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

133. (M.) Isabella Tomson , spinster , was indicted for that she, on the king's highway. on Charles Syms did make an assault, putting him in corporal Fear and danger of his life, and violently stealing from his person one 36 s. piece, and two guineas, his property . March 7 .

Charles Syms. I am a taylor . I was in King-Street, St. Ann's , about twelve at night, on the 7th of March, when a man came behind me and fastened my hands behind me; the prisoner put her hand in my coat breast pocket, and took out a 36 s. piece, and two guineas.

Q. Could you not resist her?

Syms. No, I could not stir, nor loosen my arms; after that, the prisoner and the man ran away, and I never saw the man afterwards; the prisoner ran forwards, and I pursued her; I struck her several blows on the head, she ran into a watchman's arms, and he secured her in the round-house.

Q. How far did she run before she was stop'd?

Syms. I believe she ran about fifty yards; the next morning she was taken before justice Fielding.

Q. Was she searched in the round-house?

Syms. Yes, but no money was found upon her.

Q. Did you ever find your money again?

Syms. No.

Q. What did she say for herself?

Syms. She denied it both at the watch-house and before the justice.

Q. Are you sure you had your money at the time they stop'd you?

Syms. I had, and am very sure the prisoner took it out.

Q. How long before had you seen your money?

Syms. It was not ten minutes before, that I felt it there.

Q. Had you been in any house after you felt it there?

Syms. No, I had not, neither was there anybody near me in the street, besides the prisoner and the man that held me.

Q. Are you sure the prisoner is the person who took your money?

Syms. I am, I pursued her that very moment, and she was never out of my sight till taken.

Q. from prisoner. Whether I am the girl that was taken out of a bawdy house, that was with the prosecutor?

Syms. She was taken in the street.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoner in any house?

Syms Yes, in that house where we had a pint of negus made; she told me it was her lodging.

Q. Where had you been that day?

Syms. I had been at Knightsbridge, with some graers that sell cattle in Smithfield, and I met her in Piccadily.

Q. What house was it you went into with the prisoner?

Syms. She said it was an acquaintance of hers, where I should be well used.

Q. What time did you meet with her?

Syms. I met with her about half an hour after eleven at night.

Q. How long was you in that house with her?

Syms. I believe I was with her about a quarter of an hour.

Q. What conversation past between you?

Syms. She wanted me to go to the place where she lived, and I went along with her.

Q. What happened when you were together?

Syms. We had a pint of wine made into a negus.

Q. Was you in any other company besides hers?

Syms. No, only the woman that brought the wine; whether she was the woman of the house, or a servant, I cannot tell.

Q. Did you see any man in the house?

Syms. No, I did not.

Q. Did the other woman drink with you?

Syms. No, she did not. I paid her for the wine and she wanted me to give her some more money.

Q. What reason did she give for that?

Syms. She did not give me any reason for it.

Q. How long were you together in that house?

Syms. I believe not ten minutes.

Q. Do you know whose house it is?

Syms. It is an officer's house.

Q. In what street?

Syms. In Princes-Street.

Q. What sign?

Syms. There is nothing but a Bunch of Grapes at the door, I never saw the house before nor since.

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

Syms. I was sober enough to know what I was about; I can't say I was drunk.

Q. Do you know every thing that happened?

Syms. I do; I quitted the place, being afraid to say there, and left the prisoner in the room.

Q. Can you recollect what conversation you and the prisoner had there?

Syms. We had no conversation at all, only to drink the wine together.

Q. Did she know that you had money about you?

Syms. She saw me take my money out of my breeches pocket, and put it into the breast pocket of my coat

John Brian . I am the watch house keeper; the prisoner was brought into the watch-house, and underneath where she sat I pick'd up this note [ producing a piece of paper] I believe it is a taylor's bill.

Q. to Syms. Look at that paper.

Syms. This is a bill, it was in my breast pocket with my money.

Q. to Brian. Was the prisoner searched?

Brian. She was, but no money was found upon her.

Richard Harper . I am a watchman, and stop'd both the prisoner and prosecutor.

Q. What time of the night was it?

Harper. I had just called the hour of twelve. The woman cried out, "Murder, murder, watch. murder." I went out to see what was the matter, and there was the prisoner all over gore blood bleeeing. and the man about ten yards behind her, who call'd out, "Stop thief, stop thief, she has rob'd

"me." I took them both to the watch house, and the prisoner was put into the hole and searched, but nothing was found upon her but three half pence. Then we took a lanthorn, and look'd about backwards and forwards as the man directed, to see if she had drop'd any money, but we found none; we only found his cane, a key, and her hat.

Robert Johnson . I was constable of the night, and searched the prisoner very strictly, even to her shift, but found nothing upon her besides three half-pence.

Q. What did the prisoner say for herself?

Johnson. She all along disowned having rob'd the man.

Prisoner's Defence.

I came out of my uncle and aunt's house with a country woman of mine, who was going home to Scotland, in two days afterwards; they bid me go and see her a little way towards her home; when we were in Shug Lane, she ask'd me if I would drink with her, so we went into a house, I believe it was the Crown alehouse; this was at ten at night. We drank together some time, when

we parted, I do not know what o'clock it was. As I was making my way home, this man was behind me; he struck me first on one shoulder with his stick, and then on the other. I said, Sir, what is that for, and went to go away. Then he hit me over the head, and knock'd me down. The watch-house keeper, constable, and watchman, saw me all over bloody. The watchman assisted me, and I charged him with the man. I never saw him in my life till after he knock'd me down. I never was in a publick house with him.

To her Character.

Mr. Ramsay. I have known the prisoner above a year, that is, ever since she came to London.

Q. What are you?

Ramsay. I am a Taylor.

Q. What country woman is she?

Ramsay She is a Scotch woman,

Q. What is her character?

Ramsay. I have trusted her in a room where were noblemens and gentlemens cloaths of great value very often; she never wrong'd me of a pen ny. I know her friends in Scotland.

Mr. Peaboe . I have known her about eight months. She has serv'd my wife, in doing her washing, and cleaning about among my small family, now and then upon occasion; she has had an opportunity of taking things, but to my knowledge she never wrong'd me of a farthing; I have a good opinion of her.

Acquitted .

George Gill.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-5

Related Material

134. (L.) George Gill was indicted for stealing five yards of silk for handkerchiefs, value 20 s. the property of Ann Bayne , widow , March 13 .

Ann Bayne . I live in Old Broad Street, near St. Peter le Poor's church .

Q. What is your business?

A Bayne. I keep a haberdasher's shop . On the 13th of March two men came into my shop, and said they wanted some handkerchiefs; the prisoner was one of them I shewed them five handkerchiefs all in one piece, but they said they would not do. so I shewed them some others, when there came in two women, and asked for some silk lacing, the men said, serve the gentlewomen, for we want half a dozen: As I was giving one of the women change, she said softly, take care of these two men, who then stood near the door: After I had done with the women, I shewed the men another sort, which they said would not do, so I shewed them another sort, which they did not like neither; then I shewed them another, which one said would do but the other said it would not; this was the very first piece I had shewed them: The prisoner catch'd them up as they lay just within the sash, and they ran out; I ran after them, and called, Stop thief: The prisoner was soon taken, and brought back; he was got out of my sight first, but I am positive he is the man: He was searched, but nothing was found upon him.

Q. Did you get your handkerchiefs again?

A. Bayne. They were pick'd up by a person that is here, and brought to me (produced in court, and deposed to.)

Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?

A. Bayne. He said he never was in my shop, and he said the same before the magistrate.

Cross Examination.

Q. What time was this?

A. Bayne. It was the night before the fast day. between seven and eight o'clock.

Q. What sort of a dress was the other man in, that came in along with the prisoner?

A. Bayne. He was in a whitish coat; I never saw him before to my knowledge.

Q. Are you certain they both came in together, or as customers dropping in one after another?

A. Bayne. They did come in together.

Q. Was any body in your shop besides you, when they came in?

A. Bayne. There was only my mother and I.

Q. Did the two men come in as friends?

A. Bayne. They did.

Q. How do you know that?

A. Bayne. Because one said to the other, they will not do; and the other said they were for a sailor, and would do.

Q. Are you certain the prisoner is the man that took the piece?

A. Bayne. I am; I had hung them on a line in the window, and he took them away. I had my eye upon him all the time.

Q. Was the other man ever taken?

A. Bayne. No.

John Jackson . I live in Broad Street. I was going down the street that evening between seven and eight o'clock, and at the end of Winchester-Street I heard the cry of stop thief. I saw the prisoner at the bar running, and I saw him fall down; this was about four or five hundred yards from the prosecutrix's house. I was on the other side of the way. I crossed the way and laid hold of him.

Q. Had he any thing in his hand?

Jackson. No, not as I could see; he was in a great deal of confusion, and I saw him hustling something towards the ground. He said, it is not me. it is a man in a white coat over the way, there he runs (pointing with his finger.) I looked, but saw no such person. He said, for God's sake, don't swear against me, don't use me ill, and did not offer to get away; but we were then about ten yards from the place where he fell. The prosecutrix came up and said, if he is the man that took the handkerchiefs, he has a leather apron on; a light was brought, and he had a leather apron on. She look'd at him, and said positively he was the man. When we brought him back to the place where he fell, there lay the piece of handkerchiefs; there was another person that laid hold of him rather sooner than I.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did he make any resistance?

Jackson. No, he did not.

Mr. Myer. As I was coming up from Old Bethkhem, between seven and eight that evening, I heard the cry stop thief. I ran directly cross the street, and just as I got to the prisoner, he fell down.

Q. Did you see the prisoner running?

Myer. Yes, he ran as fast as he could. He got up again directly, and I laid hold of him, so did Mr. Jackson. He said he was not the man, it was a man in a white coat, but I saw no such man: He was got some yards from the place where he fell. Another gentleman came and took hold of him, and I left him. We walked back again, and when we came to the place where he fell, Mr. Smith took up the piece of handkerchiefs.

William Smith . I heard the cry stop thief; I went up to the people, and about four or five yards from where the prisoner then was, I pick'd up the piece of handkerchiefs.

Margaret Thomas . I went into the prosecutrix's stop with another woman, to buy some lacing, where was the prisoner and another man. We were served and went out. I thought they looked as if they were going to rob the gentlewoman, so we staid at the outside of the door. The prisoner was standing within the door, with the door part open, and seemed to keep the door from shutting. I saw him take the piece of handkerchiefs, and run away with them; he snatched them from off a line. (She looks at them.) These are the same. The gentlewoman came out, and said. stop thief and we did the same. We staid there till the prisoner was taken.

Cross Examination.

Q. Are you not mistaken; was it the prisoner that took the handkerchiefs?

M. Thomas. I am not mistaken; it was he.

Q. How was he dressed?

M. Thomas. He had on a blue surtout coat, and the other a white one.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have only to say, that I am innocent of the fact alledged against me.

For the Prisoner.

Robert Dowdle . I live in a little house belonging to Gresham College.

Q. What are you?

Dowdle. I am a shoemaker.

Q. How far do you live from the prosecutrix's house?

Dowdle. About forty yards distance. I was standing at my door, and saw two men run by, one was a little before the other; the prisoner at the bar was the last of them.

Q. What sort of a man was the other?

Dowdle. I could not discern him. I saw he had a whitish coat on; it was not white, it was a colour that could not be discerned in the dark.

Q. Had he any thing in his hand?

Dowdle. There was something of a parcel under his arm, but I could not discover what it was.

Q. Did you see any thing drop from him?

Dowdle No; I ran after the last. As we were coming back, Mr. Smith kick'd the handkerchiefs out of the gutter. The prisoner at the bar call'd out, stop thief.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Dowdle. No; I never saw him before.

Q. Did they both run on the same side of the way?

Dowdle. They did; they went by very swist.

Elizabeth Harding . I live over Mr. Dowdle's head, in the same house.

Q. What are you?

E. Harding. I am a married woman.

Q. What is your husband?

E. Harding. He is a gentleman's clerk, I saw the prisoner go by my door.

Q. Where was you?

E. Harding. I hearing a noise in the street, opened the window, and saw him, but he had no bundle, and seemed to be very fuddled.

Q. Did you see any other person running?

E. Harding. I did; one ran before him.

Q. Had he a bundle?

E. Harding. I did not see that he had. My husband came home very ill, so he lay down, and I saw no more of them

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

E. Harding No , I did not.

Q Might he have had a bundle, of the quantity of five handkerchiefs, and you not discern it?

E. Harding. His arms were very close to his sides when he pass by. I really think he had no bundle at all.

Michael Stoaks . I have known the prisoner betwixt eight and nine years.

Q What is he?

Stoaks. He is a shoemaker.

Q. What is his general character?

Stoaks. That of a hard working honest man; he followed his trade, and kept men at work.

Samuel Newton . I have known him about two years.

Q. What is his character?

Newton. He is an honest hard-working man; he made me the shoes I have got on.

Charles Clark . I live in George Yard, Whitechapel, and have known the prisoner about two years.

Q. What is his general character?

Clark. I know no harm of him: I always took him to be an honest hard-working man.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Ryder.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-6

Related Material

135. (L.) William Ryder was indicted for stealing ten pounds weight of sugar, value 3 s. and 4 d the property of Andrew Grote and company , March 15

Henry Winterbourn . I am a gang's porter at Dicekey We had been weighing some sugar for Mr. Grote in the buildings, and laid them down in Ralph key , in order for shipping to go abroad. Then we went to dinner, and returned to our work in about an hour The man at the bar stood by the hogsheads, and I observed one with the head out, and a great deal of sugar gone. I began to search his pockets, and they were full of sugar. I called my partner and we weighed the sugar over again, and it wanted fifteen pounds; the sugar in his pockets weighed ten pounds. Then he beg'd forgiveness, and said he would not do so any more. He said much the same before my Lord mayor.

Q. Whose property was the sugar?

Winterbourn. It was the property of Andrew Grote and company. (Produced in court.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not get the sugar out of the hogshead but of the ground, as it lay scattered about.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Stabler.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-7

Related Material

136. (M.) John Stabler was indicted for stealing one mahogany tea chest value 2s. one silver sugar castor, value 20 s. one silver pepper castor, value 11s. one silver salt, value 8 s one silver table spoon, value 5 s. one silver tea spoon, value 2 s one pair of silver tea tongs, value 5 s one bunch of keys, value 4 d and one pewter spoon, value 2 d. the goods of - Row , April 9

Magdalen Mascalier . The prisoner at the bar brought me part of this plate to sell, producing a silver salt, pepper castor, tea tongs, and sugar castor. I asked him now he came by them, and he said they were his own.

Q. What are you?

M. Mascalier. I keep a Silversmith's shop in Cavendish Street. I told him I would not bay them, and after I had asked him a few questions he told me they were his master's property, and that his master had sent him with them to sell. I said I should stop them. all he brought somebody to give account how he came by them. He said he would not stir out of the shop without them, and then with much ado I inticed him to go with me to justice Cox's. He had a bundle about him. The justice ordered it to be searched, when we found a tea chest with the rest of the plate in his pocket, the whole of which is laid in the indictment. Then the prisoner said he took them from his master on board a ship, I forget the name of it.

Richard Merryfield . I was present at the time the prisoner was before justice Cox. Mrs. Mascalier bought him and said he had offer'd her some plate to sell, which she thought could not belong to him She beg'd the justice would examine him, and the justice ordering his bundle to be look'd into there was the tea chest and a bundle of cloaths, and in the pockets were some of the plate. The prisoner at last confessed he had taken it out of a cabbin on board a ship, and made his escape with it, and that he was an apprentice to the captain, and had served near twelve months of his time. He own'd he had offered part of the plate to the gentlewoman.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Price.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-8
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

137. (M.) William Price was indicted for that he, on the 26th of March , about the hour of two in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of Robert Smith , surgeon , did break and enter, and six cloth coats, value 3 l. six cloth waistcoats, value 30 s. one pair of cloth breeches. value 1 s. two pair of linen sheets, value 20 s. fifteen stocks, value 4 s. one damask tablecloth, value 5 s. fifteen pair of silk stockings, value 40 s. four muslin neckcloths, value 2 s. one pair of pocket pistols, value 10 s. seven yards of linen cloth, value 30 s. one pair of leather boots, one mahogany tea chest, one razor caser two razors, one razor strop, six silver tea spoons, one silver table spoon, one pair of stone knee buckles, set in silver, one stone stock buckle, and one pair of stone sleeve buttons, set in gold, the goods of the said Robert, in the dwelling house of the said Robert, did steal, take, and carry away .

Robert Smith . I live in Henrietta Street, Covent Garden , and the prisoner was my servant . On the 26th of March last I had been out. When I returned home (about twelve o'clock) my servant, the prisoner, brought me a pair of slippers, and my fillet, to put on my head as usual. I pull'd off my cloaths, and put on an old coat that I wore to dress myself in. I went to bed, and ordered him to call me between seven and eight in the morning. He went out of the room. I slept the whole night. In the morning (I was between sleep and awake) my door opened ( this was I believe soon after seven.) I said, who is there? The prisoner said, "Sir, it is me, for God's sake get up, for I

"believe the house has been broke open to night,

"for when I went down stairs this morning I

"found the street door a-jar, and all the drawers

"in the buroe in the parlour open and empty;

"for God's sake get up, for I am afraid to go

"down into the kitchen." I said, in a surprise, good God! I am astonished. In the interim I believe the maid servant came into my room. I slip'd on my breeches and slippers, and went down stairs. I saw the entry door and another door both open. I went into the fore parlour, and all the drawers there were open, except one in the chest of drawers, three out of the four were open; there is an escritore and chest of drawers. I immediately went down into the kitchen along with the prisoner, and by that time the maid was come down stairs; there I saw a trunk that belongs to my maid turn'd on the side, with all her things scattered round it, and it was perfectly empty.

Q. What servants had you?

Smith. Only a maid servant and the prisoner. As there was but little light in the kitchen. I desired the window might be opened, and I immediately perceived the glass part of the window was not shut at all; there is no outside shutter. only a wooden shutter in the inside, and a bar; the window frame was put back, and in the area I saw a considerable number of chips, and as I was above the area I could cast my eye all over it: I saw the groves of the shutter had been cut away, and chip'd to the length of about three feet and a half, and the bar that goes across the window had some scratches on the middle of it, which seem'd to be done by attempting to raise it out of the groove that it was in. Then I went upstairs into the back parlour, and beginning to find myself cold, I said, William, give me my coat and waistcoat to put on. He went into my back parlour, where he usually laid my cloaths after he had given me my old coat to put on, and said, "Sir, there is no

"coat here, for they have taken your coat and

"waistcoat that you had on last night." I saw my case of instruments, plaister case, and papers lying on the table. I desired him to go up into a room, and fetch me a coat from thence, saying, he would find an olive-colour coat there; it is a room joining to the room where I lie. He went upstairs, came down again, and said,

"Sir, there is no coat

"there, they may have been up in that room too,

"for they have not left a coat there, nor nothing

"like it." When he was gone upstairs, I went to look about the fore parlour, and in the desk part of the buroe, I saw there had been an attempt made to open that; but I imagined it had not been open'd, because I saw part of a key was broke in the lock. I put my hand to the lid, and could not pull it up. I had the key in my pocket, and opened the glass part of it, to see if some papers of considerable value there were safe, belonging to a gentleman that is gone to Germany, and I found them all safe. Had they been gone, it must inevitably have been my ruin. There were two pieces of key broke in the opening part of the escritore; two drawers were constantly kept unlocked, one having my shirts in it, which the maid servant had the care of, and the other my silk and other stockings and handkerchiefs, which the prisoner had the care of; the upper part had not been opened at all. I found my silk stockings, handkerchiefs, and several shirts were gone. After this, he telling me there was never a coat for me, I desired he would go to Mr. Langford, the auctioneer, and desire his son to lend me a coat and waistcoat. He came back

again, and told me he was not at home. Then I went to the Rainbow coffee-house, and he came in. I told him the case. He said, have you any reason to suspect your servants? I said, no, neither my maid nor my man. I had a good character with my man.

Q. How long had he lived with you?

Smith. He had lived with me about three months. I desired the prisoner not to mention any thing of this robbery till I returned from Mr. Fielding's, and to look about while I was gone, to see what more was missing. I went to Mr. Fielding, and told him what had happened. He desired me to ask many questions of each of my servants. I told him I had no reason to suspect either of them, but if he pleased they should both come to him, that he might take their depositions, relating to the condition they found the house in when they got up.

Q. How long has your maid lived with you?

Smith. She has lived with me about two years. Mr. Fielding took down the account I gave him; I sent for my two servants, I do not now recollect which of them I sent for first, but they both made their depositions in the same manner they had related it to me; both sign'd and swore to it. I went home, after I had heard what each of them said, much better satisfied of their honestly than before. Then I sat down and made an inventory of the things that I had lost, by asking my man after such and such things, and as he said they were missing I put them down as lost. Then I sent it to Mr. Fielding's, to be inserted in the Public Advertiser the next day; and as he had mentioned some Jews that buy wearing apparel that are stolen, I desired that he'd send out people to search after the things, and that I would grudge no expence. They were inserted in the Wednesday's paper following, and I ordered hand bills also to be delivered about. I was obliged to send for my taylor, to make me another suit of cloaths, having appeared about town in a borrowed coat and waistcoat, which cloaths came home in the evening on the 1st of April. While I was dressing myself on the Wednesday, which was the 2d. I said, William, as the cloaths I am going to put on are not mourning, I think I have a pair of crystal buttons set in silver somewhere in the buroe; the silver must be a good deal tarnished, let them be brushed. Yes, Sir, said he, I will do it. It immediately occur'd to my remembrance that I had a pair of gold buttons. I removed all my papers in the esoritore to look for them, and finding they were gone, I said to the prisoner, I am surprised to think what the people will do with the gold buttons, whoever they are, for they are so very remarkable, that let me see them wherever I will, I shall know them, and there is a scratch on one of the stones. Sir, said he, perhaps they may wear them themselves. I turned myself round to the fire, and put on my stockings. The prisoner then brought up my silver buttons, and laid them down. I ordered him to go into the back parlour and fill the cistern with water. Sir, said he, I believe there is water enough in it. I said I had used it the day before. He went and brought up water, and in about five minutes after I went to wash my hands; the cistern was about equal with my face. As I was stooping, I saw my gold buttons lying on the pedestal, by the side of the cistern.

Q. Where had you put them last?

Smith. I had put them, with my knee and stock buckles, in a drawer, the morning before I was rob'd. I was greatly surprised at seeing them on the pedestal, and was not only satisfied with seeing them, but I took one of them in my hand and laid it down again. I thought to myself, if I remove them, I shall not be nearer a discovery than now, but if I leave them and take no notice of them, and find them removed when I come home, I may challenge either one or both of my servants with this robbery. I went out to dinner and return'd in the evening about six, but being obliged to go out immediately, I did not go to look for the buttons; but about eight in the evening I return'd, with a gentleman with me, and the prisoner lighted us into the fore parlour; he seem'd to want not to leave me. I desired him to set the candle down, and said I would light myself. I took up the candle, and said now I think I can make some discovery. I went to the cistern, and when I was looking there, the prisoner came into the room, and made an excuse about his not bringing water. I could not see the buttons, and not knowing but that somebody might have been in that room, and put the cistern over them. I took it up and look'd under it, but there were no buttons there.

Q. What time was this?

Smith. This was the same Wednesday at night; then I sat down to consider what to do, after which we went to justice Fielding, and I told him the circumstance as it occur'd to me. He said, I had done extreamly right. I asked his advice what I should do, and he said, the best thing is to take this gentleman home with you, and call up your man first, and tell him what you saw in the morning on the pedestal, and that at your return you found they were taken away; then call up your maid servant, and if neither of them own any thing of it, have warrants and take them both up. I went

to the coffee-house to consider of it. I thought probably they might be arm'd with an excuse for removing them, so I concluded not to do as Mr. Fielding's had desired me, but wait the event for another day. I went out to the Temple, came home about four in the morning, went into my house in the same manner as usual, and asked if any body had been there. Every thing appear'd to be well. Upon my saying, William, when did you hear the watchman, has he been his hour? Sir, said he, he may have been his hour, but I have been asleep, and seemed confused. Is there any fire says I; he said, yes there is; said I, let my bed be warm'd. I went out to look for the watchman, and came in and went to bed, and the gentleman along with me, desiring the prisoner to call me about eight in the morning. I got up about half an hour after eight, went into the kitchen, then up to the gentleman and said, I am going up into William's room, knowing he was engaged below, and the maid also. I went up and tried to open a trunk box which he had there; on his bed lay ( I think) the same coat he has on now, and I am very sure the same waistcoat he has on; in the pocket of his waistcoat I found something wrap'd up in a paper, in which was the bowl part of a spoon and the handle of the same; they were very black. I had lost a silver table spoon with a crest (a lion rampant on it.) I found this to be the same, and it seem'd as if an attempt had been made to molt the handle. I went down to the gentleman, who was in bed, and desired he would come up with me. I shew'd him the pieces, and then put them in the pocket as before. In the window I found the handle part of a key, and it immediately occur'd to me, that this might be part of the key that was broke in my buroe; then we went down to breakfast.

Q. Who is that gentleman?

Smith. His name is Sadler, he is now at Hertford; he has lately broke his leg in Hide-park. I desired myself; and staid at home about half an hour, then bid them take care for dinner for themselves, for I should not dine at home, being going to Carey-Street to bleed a lady. I went out, but instead of going there, I went to justice Fielding and got a warrant. I returned in about three quarters of an hour, and then I brought a constable with me; I placed him in the parlour, and asked the maid where William was, saying, I wanted to send him out with a letter. She said he was gone out, and had told her he was going to his washerwoman. I waited in the parlour with the constable about two hours, when he return'd, which was about half an hour after three. I opened the door to him, got him into the back room, and shut the door, saying, William, I can't help being much surprised at your behaviour, and much more at your being guilty of this thing, but, Mr. Saunders, there is your prisoner. The constable took him in custody, and I charged him with the robbery. He for some time was greatly confused, and indeed I was a good deal affected with it, and immediately left him in the care of the constable. He for the space of five or six minutes did not speak, and then said he did not do it; this I think was to the constable. Being in the next room. and the door open, I heard the constable say, Pray, William, where is the silver spoon that your master saw to day in your pocket, and the gold buttons that lay on the pedestal of the cistern yesterday. The prisoner said he had no silver spoon in his pocket, and that he knew nothing of the buttons, but still he was a great deal confused. I said to him, William, there is sufficient proof against you in this affair, you must be concern'd beyond all doubt, and if there is any body concern'd with you in it, you will do right to give an account, but do not think of charging any body wrongfully, for the consequence of that will be worse than your own suffering. I asked him once or twice to discover the affair, but he denied it. At last he desired me to go into another room, and he would tell me where my things were. I went with him into the next room, and there he desired me not to let him go before justice Fielding, and that I would be merciful to him. I said it was very far from me to do any body harm, but was obliged to do this for the sake of the publick, yet after I had done it, if I could be of any service to him I would. At that time it appear'd to me there must be somebody concern'd with him. He said it was the first thing of the kind he ever had done. I asked him what could induce him to do it, and his answer was, he believed the d - I put it into his head, with many other such speeches. He said, if I would not let him go before justice Fielding, he would tell me where all my things were. I told him it would answer no purpose to him to keep any of the things from me. He told me that many of the things were at a place where he had private lodgings, out of my house. He went with me, Mr. Saunders, and another of Mr. Fielding's men, to the lodging, which was somewhere near the Seven-Dials, but I do not know the name of the street; it was a fore room up two pair of stairs,

at a chandler's shop, where I found three sheets, a waistcoat, a pair of boots, a pair of pocket pistols, and in one of the bags with one of them was the silver spoon that I had seen in his pocket, broke in two pieces, fifteen pair of silk stockings, two neck cloths, and five stocks I said, here are not all; and he said, I'll tell you where the rest are I said, where are the gold buttons; he said. they are here, and took them out of his own breeches pocket. Then he took us to my house, and in a cocklost on the top of the house we found this coat and waistcoat that I have now on, about seven yards of Irish cloth. six or seven stocks, and one damask table cloth. Then he went with us to Mr Campion, a salesman in Monmouth Street, where he had sold two coats, two waistcoats, and one pair of breeches. All the things I have mentioned I found by his directions, my property. Then I went to Mr Fielding's, and he was brought soon after. When Mr. Fielding began to examine him, he owned his having taken all these things, and that the last mentioned two coats, two waistcoats, and breeches, he had taken a fortnight before, or thereabouts. He owned his having cut the shutter of the window, in order to deceive me, also his having attempted to open the escritore, and breaking open the bottom drawer of the buroe part.

Samuel Campion . The prisoner brought these coats, waistcoats and breeches, to me ( producing them) and offer'd them for sale; and I bought them of him.

Q. What are you?

Campion. I am a salesman; and buy and sell old cloaths.

Prosecutor. These are my property.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence, but beg'd mercy of the court

Guilty, 39 s. Acquitted of the burglary .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Margaret Adams.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-9
VerdictNot Guilty

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138. (M.) Margaret Adams , spinster , was indicted for stealing two sheets, value 12 s. the property of Thomas Parry . April 13 .

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Barret.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-10

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139. (M.) Elizabeth Barret , spinster , was indicted for stealing one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 10 s. the property of Richard Thomas , March 17 .

Richard Thomas . I live in Ratcliff-Highway . On the 17th of March, not being very well, I told my wife I would go and lie down on the bed. I did, about half an hour after one, and had not lain down above five minutes, before I heard somebody open the room door softly.

Q. What part of the house is this room in?

Thomas. It is up one pair of stairs.

Q. Did you pull your cloaths off?

Thomas. I pull'd all off but my breeches, stockings and shirt.

Q. Had you shut your door, are you sure?

Thomas. I had, but it went with a spring lock with a knob on the inside and out, to open it.

Q. What is your business?

Thomas. I keep a shop and sell sacks and hemp. I was awake when the door open'd, and saw the prisoner at the bar come in and take up my shoes, and take out my buckles I jump'd out of bed assoon as possible, and she had just quitted the room. I call'd out Thief, I am rob'd of my buckles. She was then on the landing place. Margaret Evans met her there, but she got by her and ran about a hundred yards in the street, and was taken and brought back. I observ'd that after my maid met her on the landing place she open'd the door again, and clap'd the buckles down on a chair in the inside of the room.

Q. What did she say for herself, upon being charged with taking the buckles?

Thomas. She owned she was in the room; her words were, she did not go to do it, but would not own she took them, and beg'd I would not carry her to prison.

Q. Did you know her before?

Thomas. I never saw her before to my knowledge.

Q. from prisoner. Whether he did not tell the justice that he thought I was his sister come into the room?

Thomas. No, I did not say so.

Margaret Evans . I am a servant to the prosecutor. I was going up stairs after my master was laid down, and saw the prisoner at the bar coming out of his room with his silver buckles in her hand.

Q. Did you hear your master call out stop thief?

M. Evans. No, I did not: I was going up on another occasion, and she was shutting the door. When she saw me she push'd back the door, and put the buckles out of her hand, and said to me, do not be frighten'd, my dear, I shall not hurt you. I was so much frighten'd that I did not take hold of her. She said, I only want Mrs. Smith, a mantuamaker.

Q. Did such a person live in your house?

M. Evans. No, nor in the neighbourhood as we know of. She made her escape, and ran away, but

I catch'd her in running about a hundred yards from the house.

Q. from prisoner. When I said I wanted Mrs. Smith, a mantuamaker, whether or no you did not bid me go down and inquire of your mistress?

M. Evans. No, I did not.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did live in Steward's Rents, Drury Lane, and at that time a woman lived by me, named Smith, a mantuamaker, who told me she lived in Cannon Street, Ratcliff-Highway; she had a gown to mend of mine. I going to live that way myself, went and inquired for her After I had been there, and found nobody in the room, I was coming down again, and after I was down I asked the gentlewoman after this mantuamaker; but she could not inform me of the house she lived at Then I went about in the neighbourhood inquiring for her, but could not find her. About five or ten minutes after that woman came and laid hold of my arm, pull'd and haul'd me about, and desired me to come back. I said I had done no wrong, and went with her.

To her Character.

Ann Ward . I have known the prisoner twelve years; I never heard nothing to the contrary, but that she was a very honest woman, and has lived in very great credit. Her husband is a shoemaker, and she used to bind the upper leathers of shoes .

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Spalding.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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140. (M.) Mary Spalding , widow , was indicted for stealing one copper tea kettle, value 1 s. one bed pillow, value 6 d. and two yards of blue bed curtain, value 1 s. the property of George Roberts , in a certain lodging room let by contract , April 11 .

Guilty, 10 d .

[Whipping. See summary.]

John Mackensey, John Hawley.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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141, 142 (M) John Mackensey , and John Hawley , were indicted for stealing one hempen sack, value 6 d. and 70 pounds weight of pimento, value 35 s. the property of John Read , March 3 .

John Read . I live at St John's, Wapping, and am master of a vessel , called the St. Mary, lately come from Jamaica She has had a considerable quantity of goods stolen from on board her, and the two prisoners were employed, with others, in unloading her.

Q. What was she loaded with?

Read. Sugar, rum, ginger, pimento, and other goods.

Q. What quantity of pimento did you lose?

Read. I lost two or three hundred weight.

Q. In what space of time did you lose it?

Read. They were about ten days in unloading her; it was in that time some of the bags were broken, and the pimento got out: I employed William Stent to mend the bags.

Q. What reason have you to suspect the prisoners?

Read My mate and William Stent informed me of what they had done.

Q. Is your mate here?

Read. No, he is not; he is gone to sea.

Cross Examination.

Q. When were these workmen discharged from the ship?

Read. The 3d of March was the last time they were on board.

William Stent . I was employed to mend any of the bags on board that were broken, that is, ginger and pimento bags. On Saturday the 1st of March Mr. Read sent orders on board for the ship to be got over betwixt Gun Dock and Wapping Old Stairs; she did lie next stairs to Execution Dock. On the Monday we moored her, made her cables fast, and went on shore to dinner. Between three and four in the afternoon the mate came, and said we must not stay long, for the lumpers were gone on board, to get out the staves, and clear the ship. I went immediately into the dock yard. Coming down to the water side, the people on board the ship called out to me, and said, they have been robbing your ship. I ran down to the further part of the dock, and saw the two prisoners at the bar in a boat, and Mr. Milemay in the boat rowing them, with a bag of pimento under their legs.

Q. What is Milemay?

Stent. He is a waterman. I ran out of the dock-yard and call'd the mate, and said there were two of the lumpers coming on shore with a bag. We went into a little alley close to the dock, and seized the two prisoners as they were going into a house with it.

Q. Which of them had got the bag?

Stent. It was in Mr. Mackensey's hands.

Q. Were they both in company?

Stent. They were. Mackensey told us if we offered to take the bag from them, they would swear a robbery against us, and transport us, and

said that bag did not come out of the ship; this they both told us, and said we should not have it. The mae sent me to call a constable to our assistance. Coming back again I met a custom house officer, whom I desired to come and seize the bag, which he did, and carried it to the custom-house.

Q. Where is he?

Stent. He is not here. Here is the bag and pimento. (Producing it.) I know this bag well, it having been cut at one corner, and I mended it when the pimento was in it.

Q. What is pimento?

Stent. It is what they call all-spice.

Q. Did you see them come out of your ship?

Stent. No.

Q. Had you seen them on board the ship that day?

Stent. I cannot say that I saw them on board that day.

Q. How long had you seen the pimento on board your ship before that time?

Stent. I saw it on the Saturday before.

Q. What is the value of it?

Stent. That I do not know.

Cross Examination.

Q. What time did the prisoners leave the ship on that Saturday?

Stent. It might be about dinner time.

Q. Did you see them on board that Saturday?

Stent. I did.

Q. Do you know that they were on board that ship any day after Saturday?

Stent. Of my own knowledge I do not.

Q. How many whole bags were there on board the ship?

Stent There were but three whole bags. When I came on board I took and fill'd up two more, to make up five, which were the number reported of the ship; they had discharged some bags before I came on board, so that all the found ones were carried on shore but three, and some bags I mended, and some of the pimento I put in other bags.

Q. How many might you mend?

Stent. I might mend a hundred, but can't tell justly; there was another man came one day in order to help me to mend them.

Q. How many bags had pimento in them that you mended?

Stent There was never a pimento bag mended but this; there was little or no waste, nothing left but dust and rubbish, about a peck of it.

John Granby . I was on board another ship in the dock, about an hundred yards from that ship, on the 3d of March.

Q. What are you?

Granby. I am a rigger. I saw a parcel of men hand a thing like a bag over that ship into a boat, but I did not see the boat, it was under the stern of the ship.

Q. What time of the day was this?

Granby. About one or two o'clock.

William Milemay . I am a waterman.

Q. Do you remember what happened on the 3d of March?

Milemay. I never was there at all.

Q. What do you know about rowing the two prisoners in a boat?

Milemay. I know nothing about it.

Q. to Stent. Are you sure you saw the two prisoners in a boat with Milemay?

Stent. I am.

Q. to Milemay. Did you not bring some people in a boat with a bag?

Milemay. No, I did not; I know nothing of it.

Q. to Stent. To what dock did you see this evidence row them?

Stent. To Gun dock.

Q. to Milemay. Was you not there at the time this witness mentions?

Milemay. I never was at the place.

Q. Where was you that day?

Milemay. I never overhaul my master's goods, or I could tell where I was that day; I might be plying a sculler.

Q. Was you in the vessel belonging to the prosecutor?

Milemay. No.

Q. Do you know Gun dock?

Milemay. I do; I ply at the stairs near there, but was not at the place he mentions, and know nothing of the matter.

Q. to Stent. Are you sure this witness is the man you saw rowing in that boat you mention?

Stent. He is the man, on I am not standing here.

Q. Are you to have any reward for giving your evidence?

Stent. No, I am not; I do not expect any.

Q. Are you to be paid for your trouble?

Stent. I do not know that any body is to pay me.

Q. What time of the day was it that you saw them in a boat?

Stent. About two or three o'clock in the afternoon.

Q. How far was you from the boat?

Stent. The boat was about three yards from me.

Q. May you not be mistaken?

Stent. No, I could not; I have seen him a thousand times, and knew his father before him: He look'd me full in the face at the time, and I at him; I am sure I can't be mistaken.

Q. to Milemay. Was you, or was you not there?

Milemay. I never was at the place. I am a weekly servant, and when I have nothing to do I ply a sculler; I do not know where I was that day.

Q. Who is your master?

Milemay. His name is Cambden, a sugar baker.

Q. How long have you work'd for him?

Milemay. About four years.

Q. Did you ever see this evidence at all?

Milemay. I have seen him go along shore.

Q. Do you know the two prisoners?

Milemay. I have known them about two or three months, they are lumpers; I have carried fares to that ship, and have carried the captain there; she lay just by our stairs.

Q. to Stent. Who took the bag away from the prisoners?

Stent. I did.

Q. Was Milemay there then?

Stent. No, he was gone.

Mackensey's Defence.

I was not on board that ship for three days before that.

Hawley's Defence.

I have no more to say than what he has said.

For the Prisoners.

Edward Brian . I was at work on board that ship from the beginning to the end.

Q. Was you on board on the 3d of March?

Brian. I was, in getting some staves out.

Q. How long was you in getting them out?

Brian. About an hour; she was clear'd three days before that.

Q. By what particular do you know it was the 3d of March?

Brian. I can't mention any particular thing.

Q. What day of the week was it?

Brian. It was on a Monday.

Q. At what hour did you go on board that day?

Brian. I believe I went on hoard between one and two o'clock.

Q. Were the two prisoners on board that day?

Brian. No, they were not.

Q. How many were there of you?

Brian. There were five, and no soul in the world besides.

Q. Do you know Murray the mate?

Brian. I do, and saw him hand two bags out of that ship one day.

Q. What day?

Brian. I do not know the day.

Q. Who were the five that were on board that day?

Brian. There were Matthew Huns , and a strange man, Thomas Reynolds , John Roberts , and myself.

Q. Did you see any bag of pimento on board?

Brian. No, I did not; I did not think there was such a thing in the ship.

Read This bag of pimento I greatly suppose they had hid under the staves, for there was one bag missing; there were several hundreds of staves lay in the hold.

Thomas Reynolds . I was on board this vessel, being one of the five men.

Q. Were the prisoners, or either of them, on board that day?

Reynolds. No, they were not.

Q. Have you heard what Brian swore?

Reynolds. I have.

Q. Is it true or false?

Reynolds. It is verily true.

Q. When was that ship clear'd?

Reynolds. She was clear'd of every thing but the staves on the first of March, and I went to wash the upper deck the day after this affair, being the 4th of March.

John Roberts . I was at work on board this ship from the beginning to the end.

Q. Were either of the prisoners on board on the 3d of March?

Roberts. No.

Q. Whether or no a bag of pimento was handed out of the ship that day?

Roberts. There was no bag taken from on board that ship that day; she was clear'd on the Friday or Saturday before

Mr. Oliver. I have known John Mackensey 14 years, but never saw the other prisoner to my knowledge till now. Mackensey work'd on board ships as a lumper, and sometimes he has went a voyage to sea when he has not had business. I live within four or five doors of him, I always look'd upon him to be an honest man, and have proved it by dealing with him.

John Bride . I have known Mackensey 20 years.

Q. What is his general character?

Bride. He has a very good one; he fail'd in a ship where I was mate several voyages, and behaved himself very well.

Q. Have you known any thing of him lately?

Bride. No.

Q. How long is it since he and you fail'd together?

Bride. It is about two years ago.

Q. Where do you live?

Bride. I live in his neighbourhood.

Q. What character does he bear in the neighbourhood?

Bride. I have not been always at home, but hear nothing of him but what is very good; I have seen him amongst some of the lumpers, and believe he is a lumper.

Mr. Somes. I am a waterman and lighterman, I lived in Mackensey's neighbourhood twenty years, and have known him above fourteen.

Q. What is his general character?

Somes. I never heard any thing ill of him before this; he always took pains to live

William Henry . I have known Mackensey about fourteen or fifteen years?

Q. What is his character?

Henry. I never knew any thing bad of his character; I have been master of a vessel seven years, he has sail'd with me about twelve or thirteen months and behaved well.

Gilbert Johnson . I live in the neighbourhood, and have known Mackensey about twenty years. I sail'd with him two or three years.

Q. Did you see him often?

Johnson. I have seen him every week; I never heard any body give him a bad character

James Bride . I have known Mackensey about four years, and never knew any thing bad of his character in my life.

Serjeant Miller. I have known Hawley about seven years; he is a soldier, and was abroad with us in Flanders; I never knew any ill of him, so much as wronging any body of a hafpenny; I look upon him to be an honest man.

Q. What regiment does he belong to?

Miller. To the third regiment of foot guards, my lord Rowthy's own company

George Fishborn. I have known Hawley about four years; his character is extreamly good, I never heard to the contrary till now.

Both Acquitted .

Thomas Gates, Ann Parker, Elizabeth Parker.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-13
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty; Guilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

143, 144, 145. (M.) Thomas Gates , Ann Parker , spinster , and Elizabeth Parker , spinster , were indicted for stealing two quart pewter pots, value 2 s. one pewter pint pot, value 6 d. one half pint pewter pot, value 4 d. one pewter dish, value 8 d. and one pewter plate, value 6 d. the property of John Waldgrave , March 10 .

John Waldgrave. I am a publican , and keep the St. Luke's Head in Longacre . The three prisoners came into my house on the 10th of March, about one in the day, called for a pint of beer and sat down all together in a box in the publick room. Elizabeth Parker went out into the yard, where she staid about two or three minute, and then came in and sat down again. In about a minute or two after that Gates gave me a shilling to change. I changed it, and took for the pint of beer. Then they went away, and I said they were welcome. In my back room were some crack'd pewter pots that ran, and I had put them by there A the three prisoners were all very well dressed, I did not mistrust any thing, neither had I missed any thing. After this, the same day, I was sent for by justice Welch, to know whether I had lost any I said I did not know that I had lost any He desired I would look among some were there, which I did, and found two pint, one half pint, one pewter dish, and one pewter plate, my property; these were out of the back room. ( Produced and deposed to.)

Q. Did you see the prisoners there?

Waldgrave. They were all three there.

Q How long before had you seen these things house?

Waldgrave. I saw them all in our back place that morning about ten o'clock.

Q. What did they say for themselves before the justice?

Waldgrave. They said nothing to me, nor I to them

Q. Did you hear them say any thing there?

Waldgrave. There were abundance of things besides mine that they were charged with.

James Sherriden . I was constable, and found these goods here produced on the three prisoner on the 10th of March. I was sent for by a person that keeps the King's Head at Marybone, who told me he believed he had three thieves in his house.

Q. What is his name?

Sherriden. His name is Scruby. He told me he saw one of the women, that is, Elizabeth Parker , take a pot off the shelf. The prisoners were all three together. The woman of the house asked the prisoner what she had taken the pot off the shelf for. The prisoner said, Lord! madam.

Then I spoke to her. She said, it is under the table, I only took it to make water in. This made me suspect they had got other stolen goods about them. They having a sheet with things tied up in it, which I think lay on the table, I said I would see what was in it. Then she took and put it under her cloak.

Q. Did any of the others seem to have the care of it?

Sherriden. When I first saw it, Ann Parker had it in her apron, and Elizabeth had another bundle under her cloak. The bundle in the sheet I did not examine till we came to justice Welch's; but I examined the other bundle, as some of the things mentioned in the indictment were found in the last bundle. I shall not trouble the court with the contents of the bundle I opened at that house. Before the justice, Elizabeth said she bought the things of a woman in the street. We opened them. She could not tell the woman's name, nor where she lived. Gates said he knew nothing of the matter, and Ann the same. We seeing the prosecutor's name engraved on the pewter, sent for him, and in searching the prisoners, some of the pewter was found about Elizabeth Parker 's middle. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

Gates's Defence.

I never was out of the publick room; I know nothing of the taking the things.

Elizabeth Parker 's Defence.

I had been to my brother's; he is a salesman in Smithfield Market. When we came into Piccadilly, one Mrs. Edwards gave us these things, and desired I would carry them to Knightsbridge, saying, she would call for them on the morrow morning, and that she was going to keep a publick house at Hammersmith. I sent for her since, and she is run away. I went round to go to Paddington, and I was stop'd at Marybone.

Ann Parker 's Defence.

I have nothing more to say than what my sister has said.

For Gates.

Mr. Simonds. I have known Gates eight or nine years; he has worked with me almost five years, on and off.

Q. What is his business?

Simonds. He is a farrier; I live at Knightsbridge.

Q. What is his general character?

Simonds. I know nothing to the contrary, but that he always behaved very honestly.

Joseph Banister . I have known Gates about four years; he was always reported to be a very honest man: He has had an opportunity to take things from me where he has done business, and I never found that he did.

William Spinage . I have known Gates about four years.

Q. What is his general character?

Spinage. It is very good for what I know. He has been in my house many a time, and I have trusted him with things of considerable value; he is an industrious man.

Q. Where do you live?

Spinage. I live at Knightsbridge. I never heard any body insinuate but that he was strictly honest.

Joseph Barnham . I have known Gates about four years.

Q. What is his general character?

Barnham. It is good for what I know: He has done a great deal of work in my house, and I have trusted him with a great deal both in my house and without. I always thought him to be a very honest man.

Gates Acquitted . Ann and Elizabeth Parker Guilty .

(M.) They were a second time indicted for stealing one pewter quart pot, value 8 d. and two pewter plates, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of Thomas Hughes , March 10 .

Thomas Hughes . On the 10th of March the three prisoners came into my house, about eleven o'clock

Q. Where do you live?

Hughes. I keep the Red Lion in Market Lane, St James's Market . The prisoners had four pints of beer, for which they paid me six-pence, and went away. I did not miss any thing that day, but on the day after the constable came for me to go before Mr Welch.

Q. Did you know either of the prisoners before?

Hughes. Ann Parker had lived servant with me four days. When I came to the justice's, I was shewed the things mentioned in the indictment. I said to Ann. I did not think you would rob me. She cried sadly.

Q. Are you sure the things were in your house after Ann Parker had left your service?

Hughes. I am sure they were Two men had had some beef steaks or mutton chops on them the very day they were all three at my house. Mr. Sherriden had searched their room at Knightsbridge, and there he found the quart pot. (The goods produced, and deposed to.) He had been there before I went to the justice's. Ann Parker said before the justice,

"I am sure there should be another

"quart pot of my master's." I had missed several pots, and nine plates the time she was my servant.

James Sherriden . On the Tuesday, which was the day after the prisoners were taken up, I went to Gates's lodgings at Knightsbridge, and found there the quart pot; the other things were in the bundle which they had got. We call'd upon Mr. Hughes as we returned from Knightsbridge.

Q. Who directed you to Gates's lodgings?

Sherriden. Ann Parker did. She said he knew of every thing.

All three Guilty, 10 d .

[There was another indictment against them for a crime of the same nature.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Abigail Littler.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-14

Related Material

146. (M.) Abigail Littler , spinster , was indicted for stealing one linen shift, one pair of white stockings, one pair of ruffles, three caps, a linen handkerchief, and a stomacher, the goods of Eleanor Trotter , and one napkin, one flower'd cotton gown, 110 yards of linen cloth, and one white linen apron , the goods of Elizabeth Turner , March 12 .

Eleanor Trotter . I am out of place at present; I did live with Mrs Turner, in May-Fair , and had left the things there, but was out of town when they were lost.

Q. How long did you live there?

E. Trotter. I lodged there about a fortnight; on the 12th of February last I went to Hampstead, to live servant there.

Q. What were the things you left at Mrs. Turner's?

E. Trotter. There were in my box there one linen shift, one pair of white cotton stockings, one pair of laced ruffles, three linen caps, one white linen handkerchief, one cotton stomacher, a diaper napkin, and a great many things that are not in the indictment. I was at Mrs. Turner's on the first or second of March, and to the best of my knowledge they were all safe then; I return'd to Hampstead, after staying there one night, and came to town again on the 12th of March, about seven in the evening; Mrs. Turner was not then in her lodgings.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

E. Trotter. Yes; she is a relation or an acquaintance of a fellow servant of mine at Mr. Pelham's.

Q. Where did you see her on the 12th of March?

E. Trotter. She was a lodger in the same room where my box stood; she came up stairs and open'd the door of the room, took a candle out of the closet, and went down stairs and lighted it; then I saw my box was standing open.

Q. Had you lock'd it when you saw it last before that?

E. Trotter. Yes.

Q. Was the box broke open, or was it open'd by a false key?

E. Trotter. The nails were drawn, and I missed all the things mention'd in the indictment out of the box. I went to 'squire Ingrim's, where there was a person who said she had a strong suspicion of Abigail, and said she would go with me and talk to her, to see if we could get her to own it. We went the next morning, call'd her out and told her, we suspected her to be the person who had taken the things, but she protested she knew nothing of them. The maid of the house was taken up, and carried before justice Wright, on the 12th of March; the prisoner went along with me to get the warrant, but there was nothing proved against her, and she was discharged.

Q. Did you find any of your goods again?

E. Trotter. Yes, we did, at Mr. Powell's a pawn broker ( a parcel of goods produced in court.) These are my property, and what I left in my box when I went out on the first or second of March.

Q. How came you to find the things out?

Trotter. One Ann Humphrys , whom she had sent with them, discover'd it to me, and went to the pawnbroker's with me, where we found them.

Q. What did the prisoner-say for herself, when she was taken up?

Trotter. She then said she took the things out of my box.

Q. Where did she say this?

Trotter. This was before she was carried before the justice.

Q. Did she say then how and when she took them?

Trotter. She said she took them out of my box on the first of March, when I went out, and left it open.

Q. Did you go out and leave it open?

Trotter. I do not remember my going out then and leaving it open.

Q. What did she say before the justice?

Trotter. There she own'd she had taken them.

Elizabeth Turner . I lodged in May Fair, and the prisoner came to lodge there after I was gone; I went into service on the fourteenth of February, and left in the lodging a flower'd cotton gown, two yards of linen cloth, and a white linen apron.

Q. Were they lock'd up?

E. Turner. I left them in the closet loose.

Q. Was the closet lock'd up?

E. Turner. No; there came a woman that had been my fellow servant at Mr. Pelham's, and I thought they were as safe in her care as my own custody.

Q. When did you miss them?

E. Turner. I missed them on the thirteenth of March.

Q. When had you seen them last before?

E. Turner. I am sure they were safe the Saturday before, for then I was in the lodgings and examined them.

Q. How came you to suspect the prisoner

E. Turner. I heard of a few trifling things she had done, and went to her to try if she would confess any thing, but she would not; I went to her a second time, and she would not then. There was Ann Humphrys , who told me she had lately pawn'd some cloaths of her own, and some for the prisoner, at Mr. Powell's. I took Ann Humphrys with me thither, in order to see what was pawn'd there, and the pawnbroker, instead of fetching Ann Humphrys 's cloaths, brought down mine; then I asked him after my other cloaths, but he said he had not got them, and I never had them.

Mr. Powell. Humphrys pawn'd these things with me in her own name.

Q. Where is Ann Humphrys ?

Powell. She is a prisoner in Newgate, but the bill against her is thrown out.

[ Ann Humphrys is order'd into court, and sworn.]

Ann Humphrys . Some time in March, about the beginning, the prisoner at the bar gave me some things to pawn, I cannot justly say what they were.

Q. Look at these things here produced.

A. Humphrys. I pawn'd these things in my own name for the prisoner at the bar, who brought them to me as her own.

Q. Did you ever live in that house in May Fair, where the things were?

A. Humphrys. No, I never did; nor ever was in the house but three times.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took them by a mistake, and designed to have got them back, but had no money, so could not get them in time.

Guilty of stealing the goods belonging to Trotter .

Thomas Earle.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-15

Related Material

147 (L.) Thomas Earle was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of William Axford , March 10 .

William Axford . On the 10th of March I was coming from the Exchange, and just before I came to St. Paul's Churchyard I thought I felt a man's hand in my pocket.

Q. What time of the day was this?

Axford. It was near three o'clock. I look'd over my shoulder, and saw the prisoner at the bar. I put my hand in my pocket, and found I had lost nothing at that time. I walk'd on into the churchyard, where I look'd back, and finding he followed me I thought I would stay and see a little of his performances. I stop'd at a print shop, and he came and fix'd himself at the rails of St. Paul's, where he made his observation (seemingly) whose pocket he could play upon best. I saw him eye other people's pockets as well as mine. He came up by me after he had stood there a minute or two, first on my left hand and then on my right. I observed his motions, altho' I looked earnestly at the prints; my handkerchief was then in my pocket. After he was behind me a little while he went away, and then I found my handkerchief was gone. I went after him and took him by the shoulder, saying, Now I have you. He then drop'd the handkerchief.

Q. How far had he gone from you?

Axford. Not above three or four yards.

Q. Are you certain he drop'd it?

Axford. Yes.

Q. Did you feel his hand in your pocket?

Axford. I can't swear I felt his hand in my pocket, tho' so intent on observing him ( the handkerchief produced in court and deposed to.)

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Grant.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-16

Related Material

148 (L.) Mary Grant , spinster , was indicted for stealing one stuff gown, value 5 s. and one pair of stays, value 3 s. the property of Sarah Baldwin , spinster , March 26 .

Sarah Baldwin . I live in Seven-step Alley, Petticoat Lane . On the 26th of March, I lost a gown and a pair of stays, out of the bed chamber where I lodge, up one pair of stairs.

Q. What reason had you to suspect the prisoner took them?

S. Baldwin. I took her up on suspicion, and she confessed that she took them.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

S. Baldwin. I never saw her before in my life.

Q. How came you to know her so as to take her?

S. Baldwin. I took her up by the description* a pawnbroker gave me of her. I had been to several, and at one pawnbroker's I found my stays, and he described her.

* The prisoner had remarkable sore eyes.

Q. What is the pawnbroker's name?

S. Baldwin. His name is Moses Coronell . Another pawnbroker's name is Robert Taylor . She had pawn'd the stays at Coronell's, and the gown at Taylor's (the gown and stays produced, and deposed to.)

Q. Did you lend your gown to the prisoner?

S. Baldwin. I never lent it nor gave it to any body.

Q. What did the prisoner say for herself?

S. Baldwin. At first she did not own it, but at last she did, and said where she had pawned them both.

John Wood . I am a constable. I know nothing but the finding the gown Mr. Taylor deliver'd that to us without any trouble.

Robert Taylor . I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner brought this gown to me, and I lent her 4 s. upon it in the name of Mary Grant .

Moses Coronell . The prisoner at bar brought the stays to me, I am a pawnbroker.

Prisoner's Defence.

It was a young girl that I kept company with who gave me the gown and stays to pawn; she was going down to Coventry the same day. She was in a great deal of distress, her name is Mary Carle . I am not 17 years of age yet.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Margaret King, Mary Granvile.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-17
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

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149, 150. (M.) Margaret, wife of John King , and Mary, wife of Francis Granvile , were indicted; the first for stealing one worsted green purse, value 2 d. thirty guineas, forty-six half guineas , and one 36 s. piece of gold , the property of Felix Donnelly , and the other for receiving four guineas, part of the said money, well knowing it to have been stolen , April 9 .

Felix Donnelly . I was making my way home.

Q. Where was you?

Donnelly. Near Rosemary Lane . I met the two prisoners by accident; they proposed to shew me my way home.

Q. When was this?

Donnelly. This was on the 9th of this present month.

Q. What time was it?

Donnelly. It might be betwixt eight and nine o'clock.

Q. Where is your home?

Donnelly. My home is in Chiswel Street, by Moorfields.

Q. Did they shew you your way home?

Donnelly. No; instead of that they brought me under a gateway. I said, I am sure this can be no thoroughfare They said, Well, well, stop up here. There were two or three stairs that went up into a fort of a room, where was a fire and candle. and two other women; they desired me to sit down, and they would shew me my way directly. I sat down I had not sat long before they asked me for something to drink, so I gave them something, but how much it might be, I cannot tell. By this time I wanted to go. Two of them said, you shall not go, and surrounded me, so that I did not know which was best to do. There was a sort of a bed, but of no account. They told me it was the best and safest way to say there, and I should be as safe as can be till morning. I took off my coat and breeches and laid me down, and Margaret King came and whip'd my breeches from under my head.

Q. Was you awake?

Donnelly. I was as wake as your honour is now. She took my purse from out of it, in which was 56 or 60 l

Q. Was you drunk or sober?

Donnelly. Indeed I had been taking pleasure in drinking, but I was not drunk.

Note, The Remainder of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-17

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 16th, Thursday the 17th, and Friday the 18th of APRIL,

In the Thirty-third Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER IV. PART II. for the YEAR 1760. Being the Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir THOMAS CHITTY , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by G. KEARSLY (Successor to the late Mr. Robinson) at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street, 1760.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of LONDON, and at the General Sessions of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City of LONDON, and County of MIDDLESEX, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, &c.

Q. CAN you tell the just quantity of your money?

Donnelly. I cannot, because I had laid out some.

Q. When had you seen it last?

Donnelly. I saw it not half an hour before I met with them.

Q. What happened after this?

Donnelly. Then, Sir, they made off every one of them, all four, and the place was left to myself, nobody at all there. I got up, and made into the street as fast as I could; going there I cried out, murder, I was rob'd, and the like. I met a man, who said, the whores and bitches are gone off with your money towards East Smithfield. I ran this way, that way, and the other way, but could see nothing of them till it appeared day-light. Then one of them came to me, and said, one of the bitches ran down such a place, shaking a purse of gold, and saying, here is money enough, buying goods here and there.

Q. How did you find them?

Donnelly. I found them in a gentleman's shop, where they had bought several things, the next morning very early.

Q. At what hour?

Donnelly. Perhaps between seven and eight o'clock. I found them myself, with the help of a young woman that guided me, and so on

Q. At whose house did you find them in East Smithfield?

Donnelly. In a shopkeeper's house there.

Q. What does he sell?

Donnelly. He sells cloaths of one sort or another. The two prisoners were both there. I took upon myself to stop them, with the assistance of the girl that guided me. Then I sent for an officer. When he came I charged him with them, and upon searching the prisoners, found the quantity of money that he has to give an account of.

Q. Was you by at the time?

Donnelly. Indeed I was.

Q. Where were they searched?

Donnelly. They were searched in that place. We took them before justice Scot, before whom King declared, that one of the women had rob'd her of thirty guineas of the money, and ran away with it.

Q. How much was found upon King?

Donnelly. I know partly, for there were three that received of my money, and King's daughter had most of it.

Q. Can you tell what money was found upon Margaret King ?

Donnelly. I cannot tell separately, but there was some money found upon her; her daughter had six guineas and seventeen half guineas about her in a parcel of rags.

Benjamin Dixon . The prosecutor gave me charge of Margaret King , saying, she had rob'd him. When I first came into the room there were a great many people, who said a robbery had been committed of 56 guineas. I found in King's pocket two half guineas, eleven shillings in silver, and five pennyworth of halfpence. She had a little child about ten years of age, which I searched, but found nothing upon it. The child pull'd a cloak from out of its pocket. Then I searched again, and found a green purse with eight guineas and seventeen half guineas in it. I asked Margaret King if that money which I took out of her pocket belong'd to that purse. She said, yes, all

but two shillings and eleven-pence halfpenny, which she said she had laboured hard for, and desired I would give it her again. The justice ordered me to return her that, which I did.

Q. What did the prosecutor say to that purse?

Dixon. I think he did say he would swear to that purse, assoon as I took it out.

Donnelly. I'll be sworn to this purse, my own wife made it, and the money I was all in this purse (he kissed it.)

Q. from King. Was I the person that pick'd you up in the street?

Donnelly. Yes, you was the very person, you was one of the two. This was all the money I had to live upon in the world.

Q. from King. What place did I pick you up in?

Donnelly. I think it was in one part of Rosemary Lane, or joining to it; I can't say justly, it was in the night.

Dixon. I searched the other woman at the bar, and found a guinea and a half between her stays and her shift; that I have separated here by itself. (He produced some new cloaths.) This parcel of goods were found upon the two prisoners, being just bought, a gown, the lining, a cardinal, a silk hat and handkerchief.

King's Defence.

I was out all that day at hard labour, with my two small children, and I am big with another. I had been a begging all that day . This other woman carries chips about to sell. She came home and had lost the heel of her shoe. She asked me to be so good as to lend her my shoes. I lent them to her. She met Sarah Tisham and this man coming together. They called me to bring a light I said, who in the name of God is coming, for I pay 9 d. per week and she 6 d. Said she, I have got an acquaintance, which I have known upwards of thirty years. She insisted upon my going to an alehouse, but I would not. The man gave Mary Granvile 6 d. to go for a pot of beer. He declared he had not a farthing about him but three shillings. This Tilham, he, and Eleanor Butler , sat together. Then he wanted some snuff. Granvile went for a halfpenny worth for him. When I came up with the pot of beer, I found him and the two women close together. As for any thing else I know nothing of his money. I said, what are you about? One of them said, hold your tongue, or I'll run this knife to your heart. He wanted to lie with Mary Granvile , and the other woman said she had got the pox. He said he liked his country woman better. He took me and used me very odiously, too bad to be spoke of; he put me in fear, and wanted to be rude with me, and gave the old woman a shilling for the bed, desiring she would coax me to lie with him; I said I had but one man that was father to all my children, and I would lie only with him. I never handled the purse, only the small money that was loose, which the child picked up in the high way and on the stairs in Blue Anchor Yard. I was barefooted and bare leg'd. Tilham was the landlady of the place. The prosecutor was rolling about in the street d - ning people, and calling them bitches, in the night.

Q. to prosecutor. What is your employ?

Prosecutor. I am a bookseller and bookbinder ; I deal for some hundreds a year.

Q. Where had you been?

Prosecutor. I had been at Portsmouth some time.

Q. Where do you carry on your business?

Prosecutor. I had been eight months at Portsmouth, because it was a place of trade; I came up to replenish.

Q. Replenish what?

Prosecutor. To buy goods. I had above 140 l. when I came to London.

Q. Did you bring it up, or receive it in town?

Prosecutor. I brought it up.

Q. Where did you pass the remainder of the night after they all four quitted the room?

Prosecutor. When I could not find the women, I thought it was my best way to go up the same stairs into the room again, and pass my time there till they came back again.

King Guilty .

Granvile Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Flintham.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-18

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151. (M.) Mary Flintham , spinster , was indicted for stealing two yards of rattinet, value 4 s. one yard of cloth, value 15 s. five yards of shalloon, value 6 s. and four yards of canvas, value 2 s. the goods of Joseph Jewell , March 15 .

Joseph Jewell . I am a taylor . On the 15th of March my foreman told me he saw the prisoner selling something black to Mrs. Bagurs.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Jewell. She was my servant . Then I ordered him to go there, to know of her what she had bought of the prisoner. She said she had bought two yards of black shalloon. Then I went there myself, and she produced the shalloon, and said she gave 14 d. a yard for it. (Produced in court.) I brought it home, and compared it with a piece of rattinet, and found it tallied exactly. I did not

know at first that it was rattinet, but asked for shalloon. I found four yards of canvas upon the prisoner, also my property. I took her before the justice, where she own'd the taking the rattinet and the canvas, that is, she and Buckland the accomplice together.

Samuel Buckland . One night when my master was out she brought a key to me, and we went upstairs and opened the cutting room door, where we got another key, which opened another place Then we went down stairs, opened a door, and took two yards of rattinet, and four yards of canvas at the same time.

Q. What did you do with them?

Buckland. She had them, and gave me three shillings, and bid me never say any thing about it.

Prisoner's Defence.

The boy gave them to me to sell.

Q. to Buckland. Did she take them, or did you give them to her?

Buckland. I did not give them to her; she took them indeed.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Clark.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-19

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152. (M.) John Clark was indicted for stealing two guns, value 20 s. eleven cheque window curtains, value 11 s. one linen sheet, one hanger, one picture, called an altar piece, and one pair of iron cheeks to a grate , the property of Richard Sing , October 21 .

Richard Sing. On the 21st of October my summer-house was broke open, and all the things mention'd in the indictment were taken away. We had reason to suspect the prisoner at the bar.

Q. Where is your garden?

Sing. It is at Hoxton .

Q. What are you?

Sing. I am an upholsterer .

Q. On what account did you suspect the prisoner?

Sing. He having committed several things of the like nature. After that I was going by a broker's shop in Fleet Market, where I saw some of my goods I asked the broker who he bought them of, and he described the prisoner at the bar. Then I got a search warrant, and in the prisoner's house I found on e china cup, which I believe to be mine, they matching to the saucers which I have by me.

Q. What did you find at the broker's?

Sing. I found the picture and the cheeks to my grate; the picture has my name on it. (The picture and cheeks produced in court, and deposed to.) I never found the rest of the things.

Q. Was you with the prisoner at Mr. Fielding's?

Sing. I was. He said the same as now, that is, he knew nothing at all of the matter. I asked his wife how she came by the cup.

Q. Was he by at the time?

Sing. He was in the same room. She said she bought it of a woman at the door. My wife asked her soon after where she had it. She said to her, she brought it out of the country.

William Wills . I am a broker, and live by Fleet Ditch. I bought these goods I believe of the prisoner at the bar, whom I described to Mr. Sing, and he said he suspected such a fellow. We got a warrant, and took him up. After we had got him, he said, Gentlemen, I hope you will give me a little air, and immediately jump'd out at a back window, and went to make his escape, but the constable and I took and secured him.

Prisoner. I thought the officers were going to press me, which made me want to get away.

James Bush . The prosecutor came and told me he had lost some of his goods, and desired I would go along with him to the broker, who, he said, had described the person he bought them of, and it was one that had done some petty robberies in our neighbourhood. I went with him. We got a search warrant, and found this cup in the prisoner's house. I advised the prisoner to confess where he sold the rest of the things. We had got him upstairs. He gave a jump down, and got from us, then jumped over one pannel of pales, and upon his going over another, we catch'd him by the leg.

Mr. Williams. I am a constable, and took the prisoner as he was at dinner. He said to me, Let me have a little air. I would not let him go. He jumped down and ran, and I ran round to meet him. He got over a fence I believe six feet high, with tenter hooks in it. As he was going over another I catch'd him by the leg, and with assistance we did secure him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have got a witness here to prove how I get my living. I hope the honourable court will be merciful to me.

To his Character.

William Low . I have known the prisoner about six months.

Q. How do you get your living?

Low. I am a glover.

Q. What is the prisoner?

Low. He is a carpenter as far as I know, he professes so.

Q. Did you ever see him at work?

Low. No; he has work'd under my son.

Q. What is your son?

Low. He is a hog butcher.

Q. What is your opinion of the prisoner?

Low. I know he is a very mild peaceable man, and behaved himself very well.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Patrick Shirlock.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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153. (M.) Patrick Shirlock was indicted for that he, on the 21st of March , about the hour of eight in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of Jane Danson , spinster , did break and enter, and steal out from thence ten linen handkerchiefs, value 10 s. the goods of the said Jane .

Jane Danson. I live in Longacre , and keep a haberdasher's shop .

Q. Are you a married woman?

J. Danson. I never was married. On the 21st of March last I lost thirteen or fourteen handkerchiefs.

Q. How did you lose them?

J. Danson. I saw a young man with either a blue or blue grey coat break my window, and take the handkerchiefs out.

Q. What time was this?

J. Danson. This was between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, it was candle light. I first heard the window break, then I look'd and saw a hand take them out.

Q. Have you got any of them again?

J. Danson. I have got some of them, not all.

Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?

J. Danson. I was so much frighted, I cannot swear to him.

Q. How came you by some of them again?

J. Danson. Mr. Fielding sent to me the very next night. and told me there were such handkerchiefs at his house; I went there and saw them, and believe them to be mine.

Q. How many are there of them?

J. Danson. Here are ten of them (produced in court) there are part of the handkerchiefs I lost that night.

Q. Did you hear the justice examine the prisoner?

J. Danson. No, I did not.

James Bradbroke . On the 27th of March last, I was going over More fields, where I saw two young chaps; I knew one of them had been committed two or three times. I knew him to be a thief. The prisoner was not along with them, but he walked behind them. On seeing me he turned his face back; they were in Chiswel-Street, coming towards me.

Q. How old might the other lads be?

Bradbroke. About sixteen or seventeen years old; the prisoner had a handkerchief, with something tied up in it, I judged he might be one of their party; the others made off over the paved stones; I call'd out, stop them, and catched hold of the prisoner, he said what do you want with me; I asked him what he had got in his handkerchief.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoner before?

Bradbroke. No, not to my knowledge; he said what is that to you. I brought him down to the Ship alehouse, and untied his bundle, and there I found these handkerchiefs ( produced in court) I cut a piece off from one of the corners, so as to know them again (he compared the piece and it agreed) he told me he found them.

Q. Where did he say he found them?

Bradbroke. I think he said some-where towards Drury Lane; I asked him if he did not know the other two lads; he said he knew nothing of them; I said I shall take you before justice Fielding, and you shall there give an account how you came by them; he own'd nothing there, and Mr. Fielding committed him upon my oath.

Margaret Richardson . I was in Mrs. Danson's shop when the window was broke open; I saw a hand put in at the hole of the window, and the handkerchiefs taken out; I touched either the handkerchiefs or the hand as they went out of the window.

Q. Did you see the prisoner's face?

M. Richardson. No, I did not, so far as to swear to it; I was in the shop and he in the street, and it was candle light. He had a blue-grey coat on.

Mary Dispaine . I was in the prosecutrix's shop when the window was broke, and the handkerchiefs drawn out, but I did not see the person that did it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going home to my mother's house, about nine o'clock. At the corner of Long-Acre, going into Drury Lane, I trod upon these things; I found something soft under my feet; I gave them a kick and they flew open; I took them up and carried

them home to my mother's house, in Mayner-Street, St. Giles's, and in the morning I look'd in the paper to see if there were any such things advertised, and I found there was not: About ten o'clock I thought I would go and leave them in pawn, instead of a furtout coat. As I was going to leave them I met that man, he stop'd me in the street; this was between ten and eleven the next day. He asked what I had got under my arm. I said what is that to you? He took the bundle from under my arm, and said he would know how I came by them; I said I found them, and told him the place where; he took me into an alehouse and examin'd me, and then he took me before Mr. Fielding.

Q. to Bradbroke. Where did he say he found them before Mr. Fielding?

Bradbroke. He said there he found them in Drury-Lane.

He call'd three people to his character, one had known him from six years of age, the second had known him twelve months, and the third better than a year; they all gave him the character of an honest lad.

Acquitted .

Mary Bickett.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-21
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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154. (M) Mary, wife of Richard Bickett , was indicted for stealing one silver cup, value 5 s. one pair of silver salt-cellars, value 5 s. one silver milk-pot, value 5 s. one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 12 d. one pair of silver knee-buckles, and six gold rings, and 4 l. 16 s. in money, the goods and money of William Runting , in the dwelling-house of the said William .

William Coney . I only know I took in a great parcel of goods to pawn of the prisoner at the bar, she told me they were left her by a relation of hers that is dead within these five months.

Q. Do you know whose goods they were?

Coney. I know no other than what William Runting told me, he said they were his goods, and swore to them before the justice.

William and Mary Runting were called upon their recognisance, but did not appear. The prisoner was acquitted , and their recognisance order'd to be estreated.

William Lloyd.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-22
VerdictNot Guilty

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155. (L.) William Lloyd was indicted for stealing thirty yards of woollen cloth, value 40 s. the property of Joseph Swain , March 2 .

Daniel Rider . I live in Whitecross Street, by Cripplegate. I had been to the fire in Lad Lane , on the 2d of March. I came back on the Sunday morning, about half an hour after two. The prisoner came by me as I stood at the White Horse door, a publick-house; he had been gone out of that house about half an hour before. I had seen him there.

Q. How near is that house to where the fire was?

Rider. I take it to be about a quarter of a mile. As he came by my door, he had this piece of cloth under his left arm. (A piece of woollen cloth produced.) I said to two women that were standing there, I believed here was a thief coming from the fire. One of the woman knew him, and said he was just gone from the White Horse. They wanted me to stop him, but I thought it was dangerous at that time of the morning. As one of them knew where he lodged, I thought it best to let him alone till day light. I got up the same morning about 9, and told people of it, and they blamed me for not stopping him. I went to the fire about 11 o'clock, and found a man belonging to Mr. Swain, who told me his master had lost such stuff. They got a warrant, in order to take up the prisoner. We went to his lodgings in Old Street with the constable, who knock'd at the door, and the prisoner got off his bed.

Q. What time was this?

Rider. This was about 2 o'clock in the day; he opened the door, and said he knew what we were come about, you come about this piece of stuff that I have got; it was locked up in a box, and his wife was gone out with the key. He called her up. She brought the key, and he delivered the piece to us. The constable took charge of the prisoner, whom we took before the justice, and he committed him.

Q. Where did he say he had it?

Rider. He said he had it from the Swan with two necks Yard. Mr. Swain has a warehouse in that yard.

John Willis . This piece of woollen cloth is the property of Mr. Swain.

Q. What are you?

Willis. I live with Mr. Swain, as a clerk.

Q. Did you lose any such cloth as this at the fire?

Willis. We lost a great many goods that night. This piece was thrown over the gallery amongst the mob. Many of the people took them to their own houses, and restored them again the next day, or two or three days after.

Q. Did you deliver any pieces to people that you did not know?

Willis. I did many, to people I never saw before.

Q. Do you know the prisoner?

Willis. I do not. We lost a great many pieces.

Prisoner's Defence.

I happened to be in this yard at the time of the fire. A man came and desired me to lend him a hand with some goods that lay under the piazza's. We rolled out one pack into the street, with some more help. After that I came into the yard again, and a man gave me this piece of stuff, and bid me carry it away. I do not know the man, he was a stranger to me; he said take care of it. I went to go along with other people, and not knowing where they carried theirs to, going through the croud, I lost fight of them. Then I did not know what to do with it; but I knowing my wife was well acquainted with the gentleman that keeps the Swan with two Necks, where I had it, I thought I would carry it home, and my wife should carry it the next day. When they came for it, I did not deny having it.

To his Character.

John Lee . I have known the prisoner about three years, or better.

Q. What is he?

Lee. He is a bricklayer, and has work'd for me almost two years.

Q. What is his general character?

Lee. He is a very industrious honest man.

Q. How long is it since he work'd for you?

Lee. I believe it is pretty near a year ago.

William Norman . I have known the prisoner two years, or upwards.

Q. What is his general character?

Norman. I never knew nothing but that he was as honest a man as ever I employed, and I have had three score at a time. He has been to work at places where he had an opportunity of carrying away six times the value of this cloth. I sincerely believe he did it with no other intent but to carry it back again. His wife was born in the same town as the man that keeps the inn. If I thought he did not intend to carry the cloth again, I would not have gone over the threshold of my door to speak for him.

Q. When did he work for you last?

Lee. He work'd for me at the same time, the time of the fire.

Richard Grace . The prisoner is a tenant of mine, and has been these two years.

Q. What is his character?

Grace. I know very little of him; he pays me my rent, and I have seen him come and go very orderly to his work. I never heard to the contrary but that he was an honest man, and I have seen him industrious.

Q. What are you?

Grace. I am a carpenter.

John Southwell . I have known the prisoner almost two years.

Q. What is his general character?

Southwell. I never knew or heard but that he was an honest man. I have trusted him in my house and he never wronged me of a pin's point, he might have wrong'd me of a great deal if he would.

William Sell . I have known him about a year and a half.

Q. What is his general character?

Sell. He is an honest hard working man, to maintain his wife and family.

Acquitted .

William Sheen.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-23

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156. (L.) William Sheen was indicted for stealing 3 pair of steel snuffers, value 5 s. and one brass cock , the property of John Townsend , March 21 .

John Townsend . On the 21st of March last, about noon, one Mr. Longest, a brass founder in Golden-Lane, came to me, and ask'd me whether Mr. Sheen had left me. I said no.

Q. What are you?

Townsend. I am a brasier . He ask'd me if he was an honest man. I said yes, for what I knew. He then said the prisoner had been to his house and offer'd some cocks to sell to his wife, in his absence.

Q. In what capacity was the prisoner employ'd by you?

Townsend. As a clerk , when he had no other employ. Having lost half a dozen cocks some time before, I went to the prisoner's apartment, with a constable and search warrant; the constable told the prisoner what we came for, and search'd about. One cock was taken out of the prisoner's pocket. I believe it is my property, but cannot swear positively to it; 3 pair of snuffers were found in his room in a trunk, which I was suspicious might be my property, but could not be certain, but I believe they are mine. His wife said he brought these snuffers from the country,

but there is the mark on them that we mark with, ( produced in court.)

Q. What did he say before the justice?

Townsend. He said they were my snuffers, as we were going from the justice's to New Prison, and that he had sold some cocks somewhere about Fleet Ditch, but they are not in the indictment.

William Partridge . I am a constable; in searching the prisoner's apartment I found three pair of snuffers, and have had them in my custody ever since. He denied having stolen them a good while, till Mr. Townsend said, let me look on the inside, which he did and said there was his mark. After that the prisoner own'd he did take them, and hoped Mr. Townsend would forgive him.

Prisoner's Defence.

These snuffers were found upon me. I took them out of my master's house with my handkerchief along with other things, without any design to keep them, for I intended to return them. He knows I never cheated him of any thing in the world, I am above it. I had put them in my trunk to take care of them, till I brought them again; I am sure my brother has given me above four hundred pounds within these four years, I had no occasion to steal.

Q. to Partridge. Did he confess how long he had them in his custody?

Partridge. He said nothing about that; he only said he took them out of Mr. Townsend's shop.

Q. Did he say he took them by mistake?

Partridge. I do not recollect he did.

For the Prisoner.

John Honyman . I have known the prisoner about 40 years.

Q. What is his general character?

Honyman. He came of a very good family; he served one Mr Shaw in Gracechurch Street a great many years.

Q. In what capacity?

Honyman. He was a clerk.

Q. How long is that ago?

Honyman. Very near 20 years.

Q. Who has he lived with lately?

Honyman. He lived with Mess. Honeywood and Fuller, bankers, in Lombard Street; he used to come often to me, we were bound apprentice together near 30 years ago.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Jaques.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-24
VerdictNot Guilty

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157. (L.) John Jaques was indicted for stealing one quart silver mug, value 39 s. the property of Thomas Haywood , March 6 .

Thomas Haywood. I keep the stone-kitchen alehouse in the Tower . The prisoner is a soldier , and belongs to the battalion that lies in the Tower, the second regiment, belonging to colonel Blaney. I lost a silver mug th at held a quart on the 6th of March, and the prisoner was in my house at the time, but I did not see him take it. On the 7th at night, Richard Barnfield , having heard I had lost a tankard, came and told me he saw a young fellow carry it out at my door. I was present when the prisoner was taken, and I charged him upon the information I had heard. He said he did not steal or touch it.

Q. Was you with the prisoner before the justice?

Haywood. I was with him before justice Manwaring, where he denied knowing any thing of it.

Q. Did he ever own the taking of it?

Haywood. I never heard him own that. The night it was lost he was turned down by the serjeant of the guard, but came up again, and staid a good while. There was a woman that he keeps company with in the house at the same time, who went out of the Tower after that.

Richard Barnfield . I saw the prisoner at the bar take either a silver tankard or a pewter pot, and go down stairs out of the prosecutor's house with it that night, with beer in it.

Q. What part of the house did he take it from?

Barnfield. He took it from the upper end of the kitchen, near the fire place, and I did not see him return with it.

Q. Did he take it publickly or privately?

Barnfield. I cannot be accountable which.

Q. Did he seem to hide it?

Barnfield. He put it in the hollow of his arm.

Q. How long was you in the house after this?

Barnfield. Not many minutes after.

Q. Did you inform the prosecutor of this?

Barnfield. I did. At that time I did not think any thing about it, not thinking but that he had brought it up again.

Q. Where did you mention this first?

Barnfield. I mentioned this to some of the servants the night after it was lost.

Prisoner. I was in Wellclose Square prison 14 days before he informed Mr. Haywood of it.

Thomas Walker . I was standing just on the outside of Mr. Haywood's door, when I saw the prisoner at the bar bring something out, and at the first glimpse I thought it to be a silver tankard, but I will not swear it was, for it might be a bright pewter tankard. He turn'd out on the left from the door, and I stood to the right of the door; he went some little distance from the door.

Q. How did he bring it out?

Walker. He brought it out as if it had beer in it.

Q. Was it open in his hand?

Walker. It was, and he went some little distance by Mr. Haywood's window. I saw no more of him, nor knew no more till the next night, when I heard Mr. Haywood had lost one. Then I was advised to come and give him an account of what I had seen.

Q. from prisoners. Did you see Thomas Parslow , a soldier, at the door at that time?

Walker. I saw nobody come out, neither did I see the prisoner speak to any body.

Prisoner's Defence.

Thomas Parslow is the man that spoke to me when I came out. I did not see Thomas Walker . I have two witnesses to the fact.

Court. Then it is necessary that they be separately examined. (One was put out.)

Thomas Parslow . I went along with the serjeant upon his rounds, in the evening of the sixth of March. I saw the prisoner come out of the house called the Stone Kitchen, about a quarter before ten o'clock.

Q. to Walker. What time was it you saw the prisoner come out of the alehouse called the Stone Kitchen?

Walker. It was much about the same time the last witness mentioned.

Parslow. There are four men go their rounds; three private men and a serjeant. I stood on the step of the door, and he came down stairs and open'd the door; I asked him if the serjeant was coming down, or if there were a great deal of company up stairs.

Q. Why did you ask that?

Parslow. Because the serjeant had staid longer than ordinary. The prisoner had neither quart nor pint pot in his hand, no more than I have this moment.

Q. to Walker. Was you there at that time?

Walker. I was there at the time that they went their rounds. The serjeant at that time was above-stairs, seeing the house clear'd of the soldiers.

Q. to Parslow. Did you see Walker?

Parslow. I did; he was about a yard or a yard and a half from the door: At that very time the prisoner came out at the door, and went about three or four yards from the door, and stood stock still. I saw both his arms before him when he came out of the door.

Q. to Walker. Did you see Parslow at that time?

Walker. I did not.

Q. Might he not be there and you not see him?

Walker. If he was behind me, it is more than I know of.

George Rook called in.

George Rook . I went into the prisoner's company about a quarter before ten that night; there was nobody but his wife with him in the stone kitchen alehouse. They were drinking out of a silver-tankard.

Prosecutor. It was not that which they were drinking out of that was lost; that which the prisoner had, had a lid to it, and it was a belly tankard, the other was a streight one without a lid.

Q. to Walker. Had the tankard you saw a lid to it?

Walker. The tankard I saw had no lid.

Q. to Rook. How long was you in that house?

Rook. He and I were both in that house till about eleven o'clock, till after the tankard was missed.

- Nowel. I was in the house at that time, but not drinking with the prisoner, though in the same room. I saw the prisoner go down stairs, and I followed him immediately after as quick as possible.

Q. What time was this?

Nowel. I believe about half an hour after nine o'clock or thereabouts.

Prosecutor. He went down again after that.

Q. to Nowel. Had you ever a silver tankard there without a lid?

Nowel. There was a tankard with a lid. I was drinking out of a pewter pint by myself.

Robert Hopkins . I know the prisoner at the bar; I was a serjeant in the same regiment that he belonged to, but I left the regiment about a year ago last Christmas. It is the second regiment of guards.

Q. What has been the prisoner's behaviour?

Hopkins. His behaviour, ever since I knew him, which is from a child, has been very good; I never heard any ill behaviour of him in my life; I was born in the same place with him; I inlisted him at

St. Edmundsbury; he was near sixteen years of age when I inlisted him.

Samuel Wheeler . I am a serjeant. I was corporal of a recruiting party when the prisoner was inlisted. I am still in the regiment.

Q. How has he behaved in general?

Wheeler. He has behaved as a good soldier; I never knew him punished at all; he behaved allways very well.

William Spurr . I have known him five years, the 20th of this month. I pay the company which he belongs to. I never heard any misbehaviour of him in my life. He never missed guard, and behaved in his station as well as any gentleman in England, and is as honest I believe as any man this day in England.

Peter Stocken . I am his first cousin; I never heard but that he was a very sober lad.

Acquitted .

Mary Middleton.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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158. (M.) Mary, wife of William Middleton , was indicted for that John Guest and Thomas Smith were convicted last sessions for stealing two shirts, value 4 s. nine handkerchiefs, value 20 s. and one piece of Irish linen, the goods of Sarah Stafford , widow , in her dwelling-house; and that she, the said Mary, did receive and have two handkerchiefs, value 5 s. part of the same, well knowing them to have been stolen .

The record of the conviction of Guest and Smith was read in court, when it appear'd they confessed the indictment.

Sarah Stafford . I live in Cockspur-Street, St. Martin's parish. I lost the goods mentioned in the indictment. I advertised them, and in about a week after a gentleman came and told me the persons that robbed me, as he supposed, were before justice Welch; I went there and saw the prisoner; she had one of my handkerchiefs about her neck. She took it off and I swore to it. She said she had another that hung upon her door at home. She owned she bought them of the two men cast last sessions, Guest and Smith. I think at first she said she gave three-pence each, but at last she said, she gave a shilling each; I gave half a crown for them myself to the wholesale merchant, but that about her neck I had the misfortune to tear down about a quarter of a yard.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did she endeavour to conceal the handkerchiefs?

S. Stafford. No, she did not, but came with one of them on when she was sent for to the justice.

William Partridge . I am constable. I heard Mrs. Stafford own that handkerchief which the prisoner had on before the justice.

Q. Did you hear the prisoner own she bought the two handkerchiefs for three pence each?

Partridge. No, I did not; I heard her say she gave a shilling for each.

Q. to Mrs. Stafford. Where is the other handkerchief?

Mrs. Stafford. I never saw it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I gave a shilling for this handkerchief I always said I gave a shilling each; I never said threepence. I live in Monmouth-Street, and deal in old cloaths. I did not know the men I bought them of before.

To her Character.

Joseph Tate . I live at the Kings arms, Oxford-Road. I have known the prisoner three or four years; she did live in my neighbourhood, but has lately gone into this way of buying and selling old cloaths. Had she known the handkerchiefs to have been stolen she would not have bought them. What she has done I believe was through ignorance.

Mrs. Bilson. I live by the Seven-Dials; I have known her upwards of sixteen years; she nursed me of three children; now she sells old cloaths in a cellar, in Monmouth-Street. I believe her to be a very honest woman.

Acquitted .

William Roberts.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-26

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159. (M.) William Roberts was indicted for stealing one pair of silver knee buckles, value 2 s. and two silver stock buckles, value 4 s. the property of John Parsons , April 5 .

John Parsons . The prisoner has work'd for me upwards of three years. Last Christmas I counted up my stock and found some deficiency, which gave me some suspicion of the prisoner at the bar. On the fifth of April 1 desired my wife to conceal herself behind a partition joining to the stair case; in which partition is a little knot in the wood, which I can take out, and that commands the shew-glasses. She can better give the court an account of what she saw; after which we watch'd

the prisoner, and found upon him a pair of knee-buckles and two stock-buckles, my property.

Q. What are you?

Parsons. I am a cutler , and keep a cutler's shop , and sell silver .

Ann Parsons . I am wife to the prosecutor. I put on my cloak and went out, and left my husband and the prisoner at work together; I bid them take care of the shop. I went round, and came in the back way. This I did to take an opportunity to watch the prisoner, my husband having before hand designed to send the prisoner up into the shop, after I was gone.

Q. Where were they at work?

A. Parsons. They were at work below. He sent the prisoner up for some emery and oil. I was got to the hole, where I saw the prisoner come and take out of one drawer a pair of knee buckles, and out of another two stock buckles, silver, which he put into his waistcoat pocket, on the right hand side. I went out at the back door, and told the gentleman that made the buckles of it. He went home along with me, where he said to my husband, Mr. Parsons, call up your man. When he came up, my husband said, William Roberts , I have been a very great sufferer, and I have a very great suspicion of you. I have never wrong'd you in my life, said he. Said I, if you please to put your hand into his right-hand waistcoat pocket, there you will find a pair of silver knee buckles, and two silver stock buckles. The gentleman, Mr. Hatton by name, put his hand into that pocket, and there he found them. Then he asked him how he came by them. He gave him no answer, but fell down on his knees, and beg'd my husband would forgive him. Then we took him before the justice, where he said he knew nothing of them.

Thomas Hatton . I am a silver-buckle maker. On the 5th of this instant, between four and five in the afternoon, Mrs. Parsons came to my house, and told me she had seen the prisoner take a pair of silver knee buckles and two silver stock buckles out of two drawers, and desired I would go along with her. I went, and the prisoner was called up, whom we desired to go into the back room. Mr. Parsons began to accuse him of being guilty of robbing him. Mrs. Parsons said he had put them into his right hand pocket, in which I found them; three of them were of my own making, that is, two knees, and one stock buckle.

Q. Who did you make them for?

Hatton. I believe for the prosecutor; the prisoner beg'd forgiveness.

Q. from the prisoner to the prosecutor. Did you ever see me wrong you of a farthing?

Prosecutor. I always had an extraordinary opinion of him, as an honest man. I had no intention to bring him to this place; it was his own obstinacy. I desired him to give me an account of other things that I had lost, but he would not.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was coming from dinner that day from Newport Market, and I found these buckles in St. Martin's Lane; they were in two different parcels; I put them into my waistcoat pocket. I intended to keep a pair of knee buckles and one stock buckle for myself.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Glascow.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-27
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

160. (M.) William Glascow was indicted for stealing one hempen sack, value 6 d. and four bushels of malt, value 10 s. the property of Benjamin Smith , in the warehouse of the said Benjamin , March 15 .

Benjamin Smith . I am in the corn trade , and my warehouses are in Durham Yard . I had notice sent me by one John Dunford , my warehousekeeper, that the prisoner had been detected in taking a sack of malt out of one of my warehouses there.

Q. How much is a sack?

Smith. That is four bushels. I ordered them to bring the prisoner to justice Cox's, which they did, and I met him there. I asked him how he could use me so, as he got his bread under me. He said he was drunk or he had not done it.

John Dunford . On the 15th of March last Andrew Bartley came and told me he had seen the prisoner going away with a sack of malt, which he thought was my master the prosecutor's property. I went up into the warehouses, and thought there was a sack gone. I went down stairs, and saw some malt scattered. I followed the trail, and saw the prisoner going down the stairs at Ivy Bridge. I took hold of him, brought him up to my master's warehouses, and told him I was informed he had stoln a sack of malt from my master's warehouse. He said he had not. At last he said he would go and shew me where it was. I went and saw it, and ordered one of our men to carry it again to our warehouse.

Q. How much was there of it?

Dunford. There were four bushels of it.

Q. What do you reckon it worth?

Dunford. I reckon it worth about ten shillings. We took him before the justice, where he confessed the taking of it.

Andrew Bartley . I am a carman, and met the prisoner with a sack of malt on his back, as I was coming along with an empty cart. I went down to the wharf and informed Mr. Dunford of it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not steal any malt.

Guilty, 4 s. 10 d .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Maccall.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-28
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

161. (M.) Elizabeth Maccall , spinster , was indicted for that she, on the 5th of March , about the hour of four in the afternoon, the dwelling house of Sarah Aldridge , widow , did break and enter, no person being therein, and two linen gowns, value 32 s. seven yards of camlet, one black callimanco petticoat, one black sattin petticoat, one other black petticoat, two yards of red baize, one cheque linen apron, one dowlas shift, a pair of stays, a pair of ruffles, a ghenting apron, and other things, the goods of the said Sarah, in the said dwelling house, did steal, take, and carry away .

Sarah Aldridge . I received this letter (producing one) from the prisoner at the bar.

Q. How do you know she sent it?

S. Aldridge. I have shewed it to her since, and she owned she sent it.

It is read to this purport:

"Come directly to Mrs. Williamson, your sister,

"in Hog Lane; she is very bad, come directly

"to her." Directed to Sarah Aldridge , Green Dragon Yard, Whitechapel.

S. Aldridge. I went, and while I was gone my door was broke open.

Q. Have you a whole house?

S. Aldridge. My house is over some stables, and there is nobody over nor under me; the door, after I am up, opens into my two rooms upon a floor; there is nobody lives there but me.

Q. Did you lock the door at going out?

S. Aldridge. I did.

Q. What time did you go out?

S. Aldridge. I went out a little after three in the afternoon, and returned about half an hour after seven at night; this was on the 5th of March. When I came back I found the staple drawn out, and I missed two linen gowns, seven yards of camlet, a black callimanco petticoat, a black stuff petticoat, two yards of nankeen, a cheque linen apron, a dowlas shift, a pair of stays, a pair of ruffles, a white ghenting apron, a pair of worsted gloves, a glove knot, eighteen caps, two white linen handkerchiefs, a purple and white ribband, a pair of dowlas shift sleeves, and a silk and cambrick handkerchief, all from out of my room.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

S. Aldridge. No, I had no knowledge of her. I went and took up the woman on suspicion that brought the note, and took her before justice Berry; She told me it was the prisoner at the bar that sent her. Then I went by her direction, took up the prisoner, and carried her before the justice, where she was examined, and she confessed the thing. It was taken in writing, and signed by her. I saw her and the justice sign it.

Q. Did she sign it free and voluntarily?

S. Aldridge. She did.

[It was read in court, dated March 12, 1760, wherein it appeared she acknowledged the fact clearly and fully.]

Q. Did you get any of your goods again?

S. Aldridge. I got some of them again by her direction, and some were sold.

Sarah Aldridge , spinster. The last witness is my mother, and I live in the same house with her. On the 5th of March my two sisters and I came home before my mother, and saw the door about a quarter open, with the staple of the lock pull'd out, and laying some distance from the door. All the goods mentioned were in the house when we went out to work, and they were gone at our return, at seven at night.

Mary Aldridge . I am daughter to the prosecutrix. I heard the prisoner confess the taking of the things mentioned in the indictment, and we found part of them by her direction; some at Elizabeth Collings 's, in Field Lane, a sale shop, some at Mr. Day's, a pawnbroker, near St. Andrew's Church, and some at Mr. Wybourn's, in Fleet Street.

John Johnson . I am a city constable. On the 19th of March we had two warrants, as part of Mrs Collings's house is in the city, and part out of the city. We found there two linen gowns; at Mr. Wybourn's, in Fleet Street, we found seven yards of Scotch camlet; at Mr. Day's, in Holbourn, a pair of stays, an handkerchief, a petticoat, an apron, and a pair of ruffles. These we found by the direction of the prisoner. (Produced in court.)

Richard Crouchman . I am headborough of Whitechapel, and had a warrant granted by justice Berry on the 12th of March last. I took the prisoner before him, and she made the voluntary confession which has been read.

[ Thomas Packer , servant to Mr. Weybourne, Elizabeth Collings , and Henry Day , deposed to the taking in the things mentioned; they could not depose to the prisoner's person, but that they were pawn'd in the name of Elizabeth Rumbolt .]

Prosecutrix. These things are all my property; some of them are my two daughters wearing apparel, but I bought them all, and consider myself as owner of them all.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of the robbery. As to the confession they talk of, they bid me sign a paper, but I knew nothing at all of what it was; I never owned it. I wanted to see whether they could swear to me or not; I never was taken up at all.

Prosecutrix. Her sister and my kinswoman brought her to me, her sister having heard of the robbery, and of my saying I believed she was the person that rob'd me.

For the Prisoner.

Mary Allen . I am sister to the prisoner at the bar. There were three women came to me at Tottenham High Cross, who asked me if my sister was at my house, and told me of the robbery; so I and another woman went with her to the prosecutrix's house. She was willing to go with us.

Guilty of felony only, 4 s. 10 d .

See her tried for sending a letter to Mr. Briscoe, with intent to extort money from him, No. 68, in this mayoralty.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Lacey, Mary Fulham.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-29
VerdictsGuilty; Not Guilty

Related Material

162, 163 (M) John Lacey and Mary Fulham were indicted, the first for stealing two stuff gowns, value 4 s. and one stuff quilted petticoat, value 4 s. the property of William Lawrence ; and the other for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , April 1

Magdalen Lawrence . I live at Cow Cross , and keep a chandler's and old cloaths sho p; my husband's name is William. I was sitting by my fire side on the 1st of April, about eleven o'clock at night, when my door was push'd a little way open, and the things mentioned in the indictment were taken out. I heard them taken out, and went to the door, but saw nobody. Next day, between eight and nine in the evening, there was a cry of stop thief. A lad that lodges with me ran out, and took the prisoner He had stole a joll of salmon. I took hold of the prisoner, and said, my boy, did you not take such things from me last night? He was very drunk, and said nothing, but after a great deal of examining he owned that he and another boy took them; he said the other boy's name was Richard Knight , that they took out the two gowns first and carried them into an alley, and then went and took the petticoat, and when at the constable's house, he confessed they were sold in Rag Fair, and before Mr. Fielding he said Knight sold them while he was at the door, and that he did not know the person's name nor the street but he could carry us to the house. He did so; it was in Red Lion Street, Roper's Alley, Goodman's Fields. He went into the house, and the woman at the bar was sitting by the fire with a child in her arms. The woman said she never bought any old cloaths in her life that her daughter dealt in them, but she did not, but we found the petticoat there. The prisoner said her daughter bought it in the fair, and nobody had any thing to do with it.

Q. What did the boy say he sold them for?

M. Lawrence. He said he sold them for five and six pence. When we were looking about, the boy said we must go up stairs, for they keep things there. We found the petticoat under a bed up two pair of stairs; I believe it was not the prisoner's bed, for after we had found it a person came into the room and said to the prisoner's daughter. O you base jade how could you carry any thing into my room? we found one of the gowns over the prisoner's head where she sat ( produced in court and deposed to.)

Richard Williams . On the second of July next I shall be 15 years old.

Q. Is your father living?

Williams. Yes.

Q. Do you know the consequence of taking a false oath, and what will become of you, if you should swear falsly?

Williams. I should go to hell, I believe.

Q. Do you know the commandments?

Williams. I do.

Q. What is the ninth commandment?

Williams. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Q. Do you know that it is a very wicked thing to swear falsly against any body?

Williams. Yes, it is; my friends always told me so.

He is sworn.

Williams. On the 2d of April there was a cry of stop thief. A woman had lost a joll of salmon, and had given the boy at the bar a kick on the backside, and let him go. He ran down an alley,

and I and another boy ran after him; he got hold of the prisoner before I did. We secured him, and brought him up the alley, and carried him to where he stole the salmon from. The people said, Mrs Lawrence, why don't you examine this boy about your things? which she did. The boy was drunk, and said, I will tell you to morrow, for I want to go to sleep; but at last he said that the other boy and he took them away at two different times.

Q. What is your business?

Williams. I follow the sea.

John Bennet I am a constable. [He confirmed the confession of the boy, and the finding the gown and petticoat.]

Lacey's Defence.

Knight came to me and asked me to go along with him; he bid me to look out, and I thought he was going to buy a pair of breeches of this woman; he got two gowns and went and laid them down up an alley; then he went and fetch'd a petticoat, and said he would carry them home to his sister, at his father's house, his father is a watchman. The next morning we carried them to this woman's house. I being at the door when he went in and sold them, looked through the key hole, and saw what she gave him for them.

Fulham's Defence.

I never bought such a thing in my days, and never saw this boy with my eyes, till he came with the people to my house; my daughter buys and sells in the open fair.

For Fulham.

Margaret Bare . I live on Tower Hill. Mary Fulham's daughter bought a gown and petticoat in Rosemary Lane, on a Wednesday about a fortnight ago, betwixt eight and nine o'clock, and to the best of my knowledge the boy at the bar was standing at a little distance whilst she bought it of another boy. I took a great deal of notice of the gown, it was a brown stuff gown, and the petticoat was a kind of a pink colour.

Jane Shalon . I saw the prisoner's daughter buy these things in Rosemary Lane. I deal in the fair, and live in Whitechapel She bought them of a young man and I believe the boy at the bar stood by; she gave 6 s. and 8 d. for them.

Hugh Lovery . I have known Fulham between four and five years. I live in her neighbourhood, and never saw her deal at all; she spins and works at home, and her daughter buys and sells.

Patrick Egan . I have known Fulham some time; she has a very good character.

Patrick Connoly . I have known Fulham five years. I deal in Leadenhall Market, in buying rabits and fowls to carry about the streets, and rent a little house of my own. She took a room of me for herself and her husband, and she bears a very good character; she follows mending , washing , and spinning , but she never deals in old cloaths.

Lacey, Guilty .

Fulham, Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Brown.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-30
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

Related Material

164. Mary Brown was indicted for stealing one duffil cloak, value 4 s the property of Samuel Jones .

Samuel Jones was called, but not appearing, she was Acquitted .

Thomas Kendell.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-31

Related Material

165. (M.) Thomas Kendell was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 40 s one pair of silver knee buckles, one pair of brown cloth breeches, one hat, one wig, one pair of shoes, one cotton handkerchief, one pair of gloves, and one pair of metal buttons , the property of William Hopkins , April 7 .

William Hopkins . I am an hostler , but am now out of place. I was at the Red Lion, Charing Cross. The prisoner asked me to go to the Hay-market. When we came from thence, it was about two in the morning. Then he said he would give me half a bed if I would go with him to his lodgings. I went, and in the morning I found myself in bed, but my shoes, buckles, breeches, hat, wig, buckskin gloves, two guineas in gold, five or six shillings in silver, and a silver watch, were gone, and the prisoner was gone also, and I lock'd into the room. The people of the house sent me some things to put on, till I went home to put on some of my own. Then I went to the Red Lion at Charing Cross again, where the man that keeps the tap there told me the prisoner was then in the tap-house. He seeing me, went and hid himself under the manger in the stable. I went and pull'd him out by the collar, and brought him into the tap room again. Then the master that keeps the inn desired one of his servants to take a candle, and look under the manger; he went with him, and there they found my watch. The master came to me and said, what case has your watch? I said, a shagreen one, which appeared to be the same they had found. Then the prisoner took my shoe

buckles out of his pocket, and threw them down between my legs.

Q. Did you see him throw them down?

Hopkins. I did, and took them up. We carried him before justice Cox, but he would not confess any thing. He had sent away a parcel by a porter, and when the porter return'd to carry his box, we sent for the parcel back again; there were in it my breeches, hat, wig, and knee buckles: The key of my room was found in his pocket.

Thomas King . I am a watchman belonging to Covent Garden, and a porter in the day-time. After I had done my duty, I met the prisoner in Maiden Lane, who said, Watchman, if you'll carry this sack to the corner of Bow Street I will give you a pot of beer. I went with him to the Coach and Horses in Charles Street, where he got liberty of the people of the house to let him leave the parcel in the tap room. He called for a pot of porter, and then said, If you'll go along with me to the Red Lion at Charing Cross and fetch a box to this sack, I will pay you for your trouble. I went thither with him, where he called for a pint of purl, and after that another; then he went out and left me, and these people came in and said, I was along with a thief; I told them where I had carried a sack for him, and they desired I would go and fetch it away. I went along with two men, and brought it before justice Cox, where it was opened, and I saw the breeches, hat, wig, and a pair of gloves, which Mr. Hopkins owned. Then justice Cox sent me to the Red Lion at Charing Cross for the prisoner's box, which was also opened, but nothing found in it belonging to the prosecutor.

Thomas Stanley . I live at the Red Lion, and found the watch under the manger. [The things were produced in court, and deposed to.]

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at the Red Lion, Charing Cross, on Easter Sunday, where this man came in much in liquor, and I believe I was in his company about two hours; he said he was shut out, and I said if he pleased to accept of half a bed he was welcome; he said with all his heart, and going along he wanted some liquor, so we went to lar in the Haymarket, where we staid about a; then we came to my room, opposite the Nag's Head in Hedge Lane, but he met with a girl, and we all three went and lay together; about three the girl was gone. I wanted to remove my lodgings, so had the sack carried to the Coach and Horses in CoventGarden; then I came back to the Red Lion, and wanted the box to be removed to the Swan in Bishopsgate Street. I staid at the Red Lion two hours, or two hours and a half. Hopkins came into the yard, and challenged me with the things, watch, buckles, and the like. I said I did not know any thing of them, and that if he had lost them possibly the woman had taken them. He found a pair of buckles under the bench. I went into the stables, as I had been used to the yard, and having been drinking all the morn ing I wanted to lie down to sleep, where they came and disturbed me. I said I was willing to go before a justice of peace. I know nothing of the watch.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Smith.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-32

Related Material

166. (M.) Mary Smith , spinster , was indicted for stealing 8 yards of worstead stuff called callimanco, value 5 s. and 4 yards of other grey worstead stuff, value 6 d. the property of Mary Atkins , widow , March 23 .

Mary Higgins . I live in Durham Yard . On the 23d of March last I lost the goods mentioned in the indictment, the property of Mrs. Mary Atkins , which she gave me to do for her.

Q. How did you lose them?

M. Higgins. Mary Darling work'd for me, and the prisoner work'd for Mary Darling .

Q. Did you ever find the things again?

M. Higgins. Yes, they were found in the prisoner's lodgings; the constable has got them, but he is not here: I believe he is at Hicks's Hall about other business.

Ann Swallow Darling's husband suspected the prisoner had got the things, so I and another person went to her room, and found them behind a trunk.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of it.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Serjeant.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-33

Related Material

167. (M) John Serjeant was indicted for stealing eight ounces of silver filings, value 39 s. the property of Benjamin Cooper , March 8 .

Benjamin Cooper . I live in Brownlow Street, Holbourn , and am a silver-smith . The prisoner was employed to file silver buckles for me, and had lived with me about twelve months. On the 8th of March John Fox had detected him with a parcel of silver file dust, upon which I incuired where

his lodgings were. I went there with my son, and we found other parcels there; I had left orders at home to let him go. There were about eight ounces in the whole. I had not spoke to him about it at that time. Then I called him into the shop, and asked him if these filings were not my property, and told him where I found them. He said they were, asked pardon, and said he was sorry for what he had done; he owned he had taken all that, and what he had about him, in about a week's time. I got an officer, and took him before Mr. Fielding, where he confessed the filings were my property, and the justice committed him.

Joshua Cooper. I am son to the prosecutor. John Fox, one of our servants, having seen the prisoner with some filings in his hand, I and my father went to his lodgings, and found there two other parcels of silver filings

John Fox . I am servant to Mr. Cooper. On the 8th of March I saw the prisoner with some silver filings in his hand, and he seemed to hide it, which gave me a suspicion of him, so I acquainted my young master with it.

Prisoner's Defence.

On the 8th of March, when I came to work in the morning, I kick'd a bit of paper before me in the shop, which I pick'd up, and there was about a quarter of an ounce of filings in it. John Fox came and asked me what I had got in my hand, and bid me put it into the skin, and said if I did he would say nothing to my master about it; but presently he told my young master of it.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Adams.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-34
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

168. (M.) Elizabeth Adams , spinster , was indicted for stealing two silk gowns, value 20 s. and one silk cardinal, value 10 s. the property of John Vaughan , March 3 .

John Vaughan . I am a peruke-maker , and live in Aylesbury Street, Clerkenwell . The prisoner was a lodger in my house, and I missed these things mentioned on the 11th of March.

Q. What reason have you to suspect the prisoner?

Vaughan. I advertised them the day after I missed them, and a person came and told me he had seen such things sold to a person that keeps an old cloaths shop in Great Pulteney Street; I went there, and found them in a woman's shop.

Q. What woman was that?

Vaughan. I did not think she would be wanted, so have not brought her here, nor the things neither.

Q. Did the prisoner confess any thing?

Vaughan. She did, she said she had taken them; she was then very much in liquor, and afterwards denied it.

Q. Did any body see her take the things?

Vaughan. No; there were two other people in the same room that might have taken them as well as she

Acquitted .

Robert Tilling.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-35
VerdictsGuilty > pleaded guilty

Related Material

169. Robert Tilling was indicted for that he, on the 18th of February , about the hour of three in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of Samuel Lloyd did break and enter, with intention the goods, chattels and money, of the said Samuel, to steal, take, and carry away; he was likewise charged with stealing and carrying away an iron key, a 36 s. piece of gold, a moidore, and ten guineas , the property of the said Samuel; he was likewise charged with breaking the said dwelling house, with intention, feloniously and wilfully, the said Samuel Lloyd to kill and murder .

The prisoner pleaded guilty to that of the burglary and robbery, and spoke as follows:

My Lord, I from my first being taken into custody intended to plead guilty. It has been reported since I have been taken up that I am a methodist, and that several masters and mistresses have discharged many such of their servants on my account. I beg leave to acquaint the honourable court that it was not the doctrine which the methodists teach that caused me to commit this robbery - I beg leave to trespass on your patience to speak a few words, as to the character of the young woman that I corresponded with. Notwithstanding my conduct in other respects, my behaviour to her was unexceptionable. I believe her to be a pious, godly young woman, and hope no centures will be cast on her on my account. I have no more to say, but to beg your Lordship's prayers, and those of the jury.

[There were two other indictments against him for robberies on the highway.]

Being brought to the bar the last day of the sessions to receive sentence, and asked what he had to say why sentence of death should not be past upon him, he said,

I recommend myself to the mercy of God and this court, and acknowledge my crime is grievous both in the fight of God and man, for which I willingly give my life a sacrifice to the Lord. I am willing to receive the sentence due to my

crimes, and hope the young people in this court will take warning by me, in seeing the dreadful consequence and effects of telling a lye. * I desire the prayers of this honourable court.

* He had told the young woman, to whom he made his addresses, that he was worth more than he was, and by taking those methods, to make it appear true, he was brought into this dreadful situation.

N. B. His speech to the populace, and last prayer at the place of execution, were taken in short-hand, and transcribed by the writer of these proceedings, and may be seen in the Ordinary of Newgate's account of the malefactors, &c.

[Death. See summary.]

Eleanor Bird.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-36

Related Material

170. (M.) Eleanor Bird , widow , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 2 s. one blanket, value 1 s and one pillow, value 2 s the goods of William Povey , the same being in a certain lodging room let by contract, &c . July 20, 1757 .

Susannah Povey I am wife to William Povey , and live in Newtoner's Street, High Holbourn . The prisoner took a lodging of me two years ago, and quitted it in July, the same year, and took the key away with her. Then I missed the things mentioned in the indictment, and I never saw her till the 12th of March, when she was taken up. We took her before the justice, where she owned she had taken the things mentioned, and told us where she had pawn'd them, which was at a pawnbroker's by Queen Street, near Holbourn, but he is since run away.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Daniel Garmon.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-37

Related Material

171. (M) Daniel Garmon was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 14 s. one waistcoat, value 8 s. one pair of cloth breeches, value 2 s. and one hat, value 3 s. the property of Thomas Clark , April 15 .

Thomas Clark . The two coats, breeches, and hat, I have now on, were taken out of my room, which is over a coach-house in Rose and Crown Yard, King Street, St James's Square ; I missed them last Tuesday morning, betwixt eight and nine o'clock. Mrs. Johnson was kind enough to stop them, and send her servant to let me know of them, he having told her who he drove a coach for.

Q. Had you known the prisoner before?

Clark. I had no acquaintance with him, he is a coachman; upon my describing them, she deliver'd them to me.

Mrs. Johnson. The prisoner came to my house one evening between eight and nine o'clock, and offered the cloaths mentioned in the indictment to sell, saying he was intrusted to sell them for a man that had run out his cash and wanted a little money. I said if he would bring anybody to give an account of his character, I would buy them. He went away and left them, and the next morning came again, saying he would make good his character if my servant would go along with him, that he was then going to FleetBridge, and would call as he return'd. He said he would take my servant to Dr Graham's, but not returning as he had said, I sent my servant to the Doctor's, and Mr Clark came back with him, who described the cloaths, and I deliver'd them to him. The prisoner came a third time, and insisted upon money or cloaths I told him I had given them to the right owner. Then he said he would clear his character, and staid in the shop two hours or better. Then we took him before justice Welch, and he was sent to the Round-house; and yesterday the prosecutor came and gave an account of the cloaths to justice Welch, when the prisoner said that another man gave him the cloaths to sell.

Daniel Terry . I am servant to Mr. Johnson, and saw the prisoner bring in the cloaths; he said that an acquaintance of his sent him with them to sell.

Q. Was you there when Mr. Clark came and own'd them?

Terry. I was; I went for him, and he described them to me.

Prisoner's Defence.

The cloaths were given me that night to sell for a man whom I know by sight; I was to bring him the money back to the Coach and Horses in St. James's Square, and he said he would give me part of a pot of beer.

Q. to Prosecutor. What are you?

Prosecutor. I am coachman to Mr. Graham in Piccadilly, and engaged the prisoner to drive for me the week before, while I was out of town.

Q. Had he access to the room where the cloaths lay?

Prosecutor. I believe he lay in that room in my absence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Rufley.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbert17600416-38
VerdictsNot Guilty; Not Guilty; Not Guilty

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172. (L.) Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Rufley , was indicted for obtaining of Low Carmichael seven yards of cotton cloth, value 16 s. and 4 d. six yards of cheque linen cloth, twelve yards of Irish

linen, and one yard of long lawn, the goods of the said Carmichael, by false pretences, &c . Dec. 2 .

Low Carmichael. I am a linen draper , and live in Ludgate Street . About the beginning of December last the prisoner came to my shop, and said she wanted some goods of different kinds, as specified in the indictment. She was served with them; they came to 40 s. and 6 d. After she had bought them, she said she had not money enough in her pocket, but if we would send them to her house, the Gentleman and Porter in Chancery Lane, she would pay the money. The young man who carried them was foolish enough to leave them without taking his money, contrary to his orders.

Samuel Rowley . The prosecutor is my master. I carried some goods to the Gentleman and Porter in Chancery Lane, and inquired for Mrs. Hussey. The prisoner came and told me her husband was gone out, but when he came home she would pay me the money. I delivered the goods, cut the receipt off the bill of parcels, and brought it back again. She promised to pay the next night, but did not, and then the next morning, but did not.

Acquitted .

She was a second time indicted by the same name for unlawfully, knowingly, and designedly, by false pretences, obtaining from Samuel Welchman eight yards and a quarter of linen cloth, value 13 s. six yards of long lawn, value 13 s. 6 d. 27 yards of Irish linen cloth, value 34 s. 10 d. his property , Feb. 22 .

Acquitted .

She was a third time indicted by the same name for unlawfully, knowingly, and designedly, by false pretences, obtaining from William Williams , thirty-two yards and a half of cheque linen cloth, value 37 s. twelve yards of other cloth, twenty one yards of Silesia lawn, a piece of muslin, and a yard and a half of long lawn, his property , Feb. 22 .

Acquitted .

N. B. The two last offences were committed in the same manner as the former.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Guest, Thomas Smith, William Beckwith, Robert Tilling.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbero17600416-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Guest , Thomas Smith , and William Beckwith , capitally convicted last sessions, and Robert Tilling , this sessions, were executed on Monday the 28th of April last.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. John Guest, Thomas Smith, William Beckwith, Robert Tilling.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbers17600416-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to Judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death 1.

Robert Tilling .

Transportation for fourteen years 1.

Eleanor Powel .

Transportation for seven years 27.

George Gill , William Ryder , Thomas Crackles , Thomas Carle , Mary Grant , William Sheen , Jare Powell, Elizabeth Barret , Charles Potter , John Stabler , Mary Flintham , William Price , Thomas Gates , Ann Parker , Elizabeth Parker , John Clark , Abigail Littler , William Roberts , William Glascow , Margaret King , Elizabeth Maccall , John Lacey, Thomas Kendell , Mary Smith , John Serjeant , Eleanor Bird , and Daniel Garmon .

To be whipped 1.

Mary Spalding .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. John Guest, Thomas Smith, William Beckwith, Robert Tilling.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbers17600416-1
SentenceDeath > executed

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John Guest , Thomas Smith , and William Beckwith , capitally convicted last sessions, and Robert Tilling , this sessions, were executed on Monday the 28th of April last.

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
16th April 1760
Reference Numbera17600416-1

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Just Published, Price bound 8 s.

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