Old Bailey Proceedings.
25th April 1759
Reference Number: 17590425

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
25th April 1759
Reference Numberf17590425-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 25th, Thursday the 26th, and Friday the 27th of APRIL, 1759.

In the Thirty-second Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER IV. for the YEAR 1759. Being the fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir RICHARD GLYN , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row. 1759.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir RICHARD GLYN , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London: Sir EDWARD CLIVE , Knt. *: Mr BARON LEGGE , + Sir WILLIAM MORETON , Knt. Recorder ++, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.

N. B. The characters * + ++ direct to the Judge by whom the prisoner was tried; also (L.) (M.) by what Jury.

London Jury.

William Spencer

Richard Holyer

John Dodd

Joseph Wood

William Carter

William Harrison

John Lee

Robert Watkerson

John Richards

William Binfield

John Urwin

Thomas Higgs

Middlesex Jury.

Ralph Marsh

John Hailey

John Briant

Francis Page

Edmund Frankline

William Hawkins

Thomas Nicholls

Joseph Finch

Francis Pope

William Green

Henry Bristow

Thomas Walton

John Hughes.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-1

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144. (L.) John Hughes was indicted for stealing one hempen sack, value 6 d. and two bushels of coals, value 2 s. the property of Ann Louch , widow ; April 3 . ++

William Hivenson . I met the prisoner with two bushels of coals in a sack, upon his back, in Thames-street, on the 3d of April.

Q. Which way was he going?

Hivenson. Towards Queenhithe.

Q. Had you known him before?

Hivenson. He worked at Mrs Louch's at that time: his business was to load coals for her at the wharf ; I turned him back and made him put them into the cart.

Q. Do you know where he took them from?

Hivenson. We suppose from out of a lighter.

Q. How do you know, but that he had an order to carry them for his mistress?

Hivenson. No, he had no order.

Q. What is the value of them?

Hivenson. They are valued at half a crown: he said he had never been guilty of such a thing before.

Q. Whose coals were they?

Hivenson. The sack was Mrs. Louch's, but the coals were not: she only had the carriage of them.

Q. Did you promise him forgiveness at the time he confessed this?

Hivenson. No, I did not.

Q. What are you?

Hivenson. I am servant to Mrs. Louch

Prisoner's Defence.

They were sweepings of a lighter, about a bushel or a little more, and I was going to carry them to a poor family.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Burch.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-2
VerdictNot Guilty

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145. (M). William Burch was indicted for stealing two oil-stones, value 7 s. the property of Edward Parker , July 28, 1757 . ++

Edward Parker . I employed Mr. Pain, a master Carpenter, last March it was two years ago, to do up my house: he had several journeymen employed at it: I lost two oil-stones, at that time.

Q. What is the use of oil-stones?

Parker. They are to set a keen edge upon tools after they are ground.

Q. Did you ever get them again?

Parker. I have one of them again the prisoner brought it and delivered it to my wife.

Q. What became of the other?

Parker. He has since confessed he threw that away in the fields. An oil-stone produced. This is that which he brought again, it is my property.

Q. Did you hear him at any time say any thing as to these oil-stones; did he acknowledge or deny taking them?

Parker. I took him up with a warrant; he said he took them, but thought them to be of no value.

Q. What is the value of them?

Parker. I do not imagine them to be worth any thing like what they are valued at in the indictment, they are not the things I imagined them to be.

Cross Examination.

Q. Have not you often declared, that the stones were of so little value, that you was sorry you had brought on this thing?

Parker. I have; I did it with intent to find out other things that I lost about the same time.

Q. What opinion had you of the prisoner when he work'd at your house?

Parker. I had a very good opinion of him 'till I lost many things; and by the discovery of one, thought I should find out the rest.

Q. From that good opinion you had of him whether you have not supported him since he has been in goal?

Parker. I have in some measure.

Q. Do you imagine he only took these stones as considering them to be trifling things?

Parker. I believe he took them as thinking they might be of use to him, and none to me.

Mr. Pain. I was doing the jobb for Mr. Parker, at his house in Totenham-Court Road : I am a master Carpenter: the prisoner was one of my journeymen amongst many others that worked there; we were raising the house a story higher; after the jobb was done, Mr Parker and his wife made great complaints to me, that my men had robbed them of many things, and particularly these oil-stones, which they had taken from out of a drawer. I knowing the use of these stones, and that some of them are very valuable, I made inquiry about them, and suspected the prisoner. I asked him to see his oil-stone; he said, he had never an oil-stone in the world but one; I asked him to produce that, then he said, it was at his lodgings in Shoe-lane; I bid him fetch it; he came and brought me a stone, but not this that is here produced, it was one of mine which I had lost: by catching him in that lie, I said, I believe you are guilty of taking Mr. Parker's. So if you do not tell me the truth I'll send for a constable, and send you away; upon that he cried, and said, he had one piece of Mr. Parker's, and he would go and fetch it, which he did (this is the same) I asked him if he had never another; he said no, that was all he had.

Q. Did he say where he had this stone?

Mr. Pain. He said, he had it from Mr Parker's house; I perswaded him to carry it again; accordingly he said he would, and went from me with it; and I find since he did carry it. As soon as he came back again, I paid him what was due to him, and turned him away.

Q. How long had he worked for you?

Pain. He had worked for me about eighteen months.

Q. How had he behaved in that time?

Pain. He had behaved honestly as far as I know.

Q. Do you know the value of this stone?

Pain. He takes it in his hand. (It was broke in two pieces.) This is an out-side slabb, and he having broke it in flitting of it, it is but of little use.

Q. Wouldy on employ him again was he at liberty?

Pain. No, I would not: I have great reason not to employ him.

Prisoner's defence.

This stone was found in pulling down the house, and there were others had pieces of stone as well as I: as soon as I heard it was a stone of consequence, I went and carried it to Mrs Parker, and told her, I had found a stone, that I was informed was of value to you, so I have brought it again.

For the prisoner.

John Somes . I have known the prisoner two years: I was foreman: he worked under me.

Q. What is his general character?

Somes. He always behaved extreamly well, every body respected and caressed him; he was very industrious, and had the character of an honest man.

Q. Have you known him lately?

Somes. I have down to this time.

George Castle . I have known the prisoner two years; he once worked under me, where I was a foreman.

Q. What is his general character?

Castle. He was always sober, descrete, honest, and a good servant to his master, at the time I had the care of him.

Q. Where did he work with you?

Castle. It was at a jobb at Mr Taylor's two years ago.

Q. How long did he work with you there?

Castle. About three months: I had not my health, so was forced to leave the jobb.

James Wood . I have known the prisoner about five months.

Q. What sort of a character has he bore in the world?

Wood. He worked for me between four and five months, and was with me at the time he was taken up; I have no reason to think but that he was honest, industrious, and sober.

John Harrington . The prisoner worked for me eight weeks as a journeyman Carpenter.

Q. How long have you known him?

Harrington. I have known him ever since the 28th of October last.

Q. How has he behaved since you have known him?

Harrington. He was very diligent and sober, and never lost any time; I have trusted him in every room in my house with the doors open, and was he at liberty I would trust him again, as I did before.

Q. to Parker. The offence is laid to be committed on the 28th of July last was twelve months, how come you not to take him up sooner?

Parker. I never saw him in all that time.

Q. How long is it since you took him up?

Parker. It is about seven weeks ago.

Q. If you had found him before that time, should you have taken him up?

Parker. I should not have troubled myself much about it.

Acquitted .

Anne Feary.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-3
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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146. (M). Anne Feary , widow , was indicted for stealing one copper saucepan, value 3 s. the property of Ralph Wilkinson , April 10 . *

Mary Wilkinson. I am wife to Ralph Wilkinson ; the prisoner used to come to my house, but I had not seen her for above half a year before; she came in on the 10th of this instant, April.

Q. What house do you keep.

Wilkinson. I keep a publick house , the Butchers arms, Kingstreet ; my maid had put a saucepan out into the yard, and just after the prisoner was gone we missed it; I, by enquiring about for her, was informed she was seen to carry such a saucepan to a pawnbroker's; I went there, and found it. Produced in court, and deposed to.

Elizabeth Jones . My father is a pawnbroker; the prisoner brought this saucepan here produced to our house, and I lent her two shillings and three pence upon it.

Q. What is it worth?

Jones. The most it would fetch, was it knock'd to pieces, is seven pence halfpenny per pound.

John Noaks . I am constable; I took the woman up, and then went and found the saucepan at the pawnbroker's, where she had carried it.

Prisoner's Defence.

It is the first fact that ever I did in my life; I was in liquor when I took it, and when she ask'd me where I had carried it, I told her directly.

Guilty 10 d .

Thomas Hewitt.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-4

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147. (M.) Thomas Hewitt was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. the property of William Wells , March 13 . *

William Wells. I live in Stratford . On the 13th of March last I was at work near my own house at three or four little houses; there were the prisoner and others at work also; my watch was hanging by the mantlepiece; it was missing, and at the same time the prisoner was absconded, on which I suspected he must be the person that took it, and I pursued and took him.

Q. How long before you missed it was it that you had seen it?

Wells. I had seen it about two hours before.

Q. How far was he got before you took him?

Wells. He was got to London; I found him in East-Smithfield; I taxed him with taking it; he told me he had pawn'd it to a person next door to the red-cross in East-Smithfield; I went with him there for it, and found it was pawn'd for a guinea; he had a little money left out of the guinea, which we offered to the pawnbroker for it, I not having enough about me to make it a guinea, the pawnbroker would not let me have it; I took the prisoner before the justice, and he was committed; and the justice granted me a warrant to fetch the pawnbroker.

Robert Ashbridge . The prisoner pawn'd this watch to me on the 13th of March in the evening; I lent him a guinea upon it.

Q. Where do you live?

Ashbridge. I live in East-Smithfield. The watch produced, and deposed to by the prosecutor.

Ashbridge. The prisoner said he was willing to serve his Majesty in any capacity he should be employed in.

Francis Egan . I am a constable; on the day that Captain Halsey was hang'd at Execution-dock the prosecutor sent for me, he told me he had lost a watch, and he suspected the prisoner had taken it; I took him into a back-room, and he began to tremble; I told him I would be favourable if he would tell me where the watch was; then he own'd he had taken it, and had pawn'd it to the last evidence; we went there, and he would not deliver it without the money; we went with the prisoner to justice Fielding, and he sent for the pawnbroker and watch.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at work at the next door to my prosecutor's; this watch lay in the street an hour and half before ever I took it; there were some children had been playing with it; but they were gone, and left all their play-things along with it; I have no friend any higher than Norwich.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Bryan.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-5

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148. (M.) Elizabeth Bryan , spinster , was indicted for stealing one duffil cardinal, value 10 s. one pair of stays, value 10 s. and one cotton gown, value 10 s . the goods of Jane Elliot , April 11 . ++

Jane Elliot . I live in Drury-lane .

Q. Are you a housekeeper ?

Elliot. I am. I lost a duffil cardinal, a pair of stays, and a cotton gown.

Q. How long had you seen them before you lost them?

Elliot. I had seen them the day before they were lost; the cardinal was taken some days before the gown and stays.

Q. How came you to suspect the prisoner?

Elliot. Because I catch'd her in my house, in the room where the things were lost from, which was a closet between my shop and parlour.

Q. When did you catch her?

Elliot. On the 11th of April.

Q. Which way must she come in to go there?

Elliot. She must come in at the door; I never saw her come in nor go out 'till the third time, when I found her there; then I suspected she must be the person that had taken the

things; I charged her with taking them, and she owned she had, and had pawned them, one in Tyburn-road, the other facing St. Giles's church; she directed me to the places, where I found them.

Thomas Powell . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Oxford-road; the prisoner at the bar pawn'd this cardinal and stays with me (producing them); she had six shillings on each.

Q. In whose name were they pawn'd?

Powel In the name of Elizabeth Bryan .

Prosecutrix. these are my property (looking at them).

Thomas Harrison . I am servant to Mr Fell a pawnbroker; I took in this gown of the prisoner at the bar.

Q. What did you lend her upon it?

Harrison. I lent her four shillings. Deposed to by prosecutrix.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Griffin, James Griffin.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-6
VerdictsNot Guilty

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149, 150. (M.) John Griffin was indicted for stealing 8 pounds weight of flour, value 8 d. the property of John Dagnall ; 2 hempen sacks, value 2 s. the property of John Child ; one hempen sack, value 1 s. the property of Joseph Woodward ; one hempen sack, value 1 s. the property of Joseph Baldwell ; and one hempen sack, value 1 s. the property of John Humphrys ; and James Griffin , his father , for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , April 4 . *

Isaac Butterfield. I keep the Boar and Castle inn in Oxford-road ; the prisoners were tenants to me; I have lost flour several times; there having been some missing at this time, I went up into their room, and found some flour under a dish; and after that a leathern bag full, about 8 pounds in all. In looking about, I found some hempen sacks; two the property of Mr John Child , and one of Mr. Joseph Woodward , marked J. W. one the property of Mr Joseph Baldwell, marked J. B. and another the property of Mr John Humphrys . The flour was under my care in my warehouse; I can't say whether the empty sacks were taken out of the warehouse or out of the yard; they were delivered to me to take care of them; all these people that they belong to use my house; I observed there was nothing but rags, besides these sacks, for these two poor creatures to lye upon, some over and some under-them; I fancy they took them only with an intent to keep them warm on nights; I look upon the father not to be in his right mind.

Q. What reason have you to think so?

Butterfield. Because he has given me such contrary odd answers when I have spoke to him; I have ask'd him for my rent, he sometimes would tell me Justice Fielding had his money, sometimes his children had lost it in the streets.

Q. Did the boy own any thing?

Butterfield. Yes; he said he took the sacks; as for the old man, he seldom came out of his room, I never saw him in the yard 'till he was taken up.

James Branham . I was at the finding the sacks on the prisoners bed in the room, they made use of them, some to lie upon, and some to cover them.

Both acquitted .

George Simons.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-7

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151. (M.) George Simons was indicted for stealing one cow calf, value 45 s. the property of John Jukes , May 7. 1758 . *

John Jukes. On the 7th of May, either that night or next morning, I lost a cow calf out of my coop, where were three others.

Q. What is the use of that coop?

Jukes. It is the place where I keep them to feed in.

Q. Where do you live?

Jukes. I live at Edmunton .

Q. When did you see this calf last?

Jukes. I saw it over night and suckled it, and missed it at five the next morning: it was worth 45 s. that I was bid for it.

Q. Have you found it again?

Jukes. No.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Jukes. I went and got a warrant, and searched about the parish, and after that, a woman that is here, came to me about seven months after, and said, she saw me as I was going by the prisoner's house, and she went

backwards to him, and said, we shall be all hanged, here is Jukes searching about for his calf; she said, the prisoner had just mopped up the blood, and covered the calf up under some wood; I took up the prisoner and charged him with stealing my calf; he told me himself how he took it, and led it away; he said it was in the morning, when the larks were singing as he led it to his house.

Q. Did any others hear this confession?

Jukes. Yes, there were several other people by at the time.

John Huddle . The prosecutor keeps a Publick House: I called there, there was the prisoner; the prosecutor charged him with stealing his calf; the prisoner own'd he did, and said, he led it to his home; Mr. Jukes asked him if he had any body to help him; he said, no body but the Devil.

Q. When was this?

Huddle. I can't say the day of the month.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never told him any such thing.

Guilty Death .

Mary Durbin.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-8

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152. (M.) Mary Durbin , otherwise Broom, otherwise Smallbrook, otherwise Tompson, otherwise Mason , was indicted for stealing one check curtain, value 1 s. one pair of linnen sheets, value 3 s. one pottage pot, one copper saucepan, one iron trivet, and one copper tea-kettle, the goods of John Vaughan , the same being in a certain lodging-room let by contract, &c . March 20 . *

John Vaughan. The prisoner rented a two pair of stairs room of me, at half a crown a week ready furnished.

Q. Where do you live?

Vaughan. I live in Aylesbury-street, Clerkenwell : she had been there five weeks, and owed me for rent going on of a month.

Q. What goods did you let her with the room?

Vaughan. The things mentioned in the indictment, with others; she having been absent from the room for nine days, I began to inquire after her, and found her in Turnmill-street; she said, she would come in the afternoon; but she did not come; then I looked into the room, and found the things mentioned in the indictment were missing; I took her up and charged her with taking them away; she confessed she had taken them, and pawned some and sold others.

William Masters . I have known the prisoner three or four years.

Q. What was her business?

Masters. She used to make pens for booksellers to rule their streight lines in their books: she pledged a sheet, a pottage pot, and a curtain, to me at three different times. Produced in court.

Q. When was this?

Masters. About the middle of February last.

Q. to Prosecutor. What time did the prisoner lodge at your house?

Prosecutor. We know she had pledged them all before the 20th of March.

Q. to Prosecutor. Was her lodging-room door locked when she was absent?

Prosecutor. She had locked it, and had the key with her.

Magdalen Lawrence. The prisoner came one morning to me, and asked me if I would buy some things out of pawn, her property, and seemed to cry. I asked her what they were, and what they would fetch; she said, they were worth about a crown. I went with her to the Pawnbroker's; she called for the things, which came to three shillings and eight pence; I paid the money, and brought them home; she agreed to take five shillings and two pence in the whole, so I gave her eighteen-pence, and had them about ten days before the officers came and took them away. I had made the check curtain into aprons. Producing them. A pottage pot produced by the Constable.

Masters. The prisoner pledged such a pot as this to me; but it has been out of my hands some time, I cannot swear to it.

William Jackson . I am Constable. This is the same pot that I had from Mr Masters's, and the prisoner-owned she had taken that with the other goods, out of the prosecutor's room.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Connell.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-9

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153. (M.) Ann Connell , widow ; was indicted for stealing one silver tea-spoon, value 1 s. three pillows, value 2 s. 6 d. two bolsters, value 2 s. one looking-glass, value 1 s. 6 d. four linnen curtains, one pair of linnen sheets, three vallens to a bed, and two flat irons, the property of Daniel Thompson ; the same being in a certain lodging-room let by contract, &c . April 20 . *.

Daniel Thompson . I keep a house in Long-Acre ; the prisoner took a lodging of me, it was a back room up two pair of stairs at two shillings a week; she lived in the room I believe about five months; she paid me constantly every week; she was taken up last Friday, by a gentleman that stopt her as she was pawning some of my goods; the things mentioned in the indictment were part of her furniture, which I found missing upon looking into the room after the prisoner was stopp'd (part of the goods produced in court); when the prisoner was charg'd with taking away these things she confessed she had taken them; part of the things we did not bring here they being cumbersome to carry.

Q. Where did you find them again?

Thompson. I found some of them at Mr Wood's and some of them at Mr Humphrey's where the prisoner went with me for them?

William Humphreys . The prisoner brought a pillow to me and wanted 18 d. upon it, she said it was her own property, I stopp'd it.

Mr Wood. I have known the prisoner five or six years; she brought two bolsters, one check curtain, one pair of sheets, two flat irons, and a looking-glass, they were pledged at different times; the prisoner has own'd them to be the property of the prosecutor in my hearing?

Mr Murthwate. I took in two pillows of the prisoner, which she said were the property of the prosecutor.

Mr Stiles. The prisoner pawn'd a tea-spoon to me, (producing it) I lent her a shilling on it. Depos'd to by prosecutor.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was always willing to make Mr Thompson satisfaction when my money came into my hands.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Edward More.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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154. (M.) Edward More , was indicted for that he on the king's highway on Mathew Reay did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one guinea and seven shilling in money, numbered , his property, April 9 . *

Mathew Reay. On Monday the 9th of April about 7 in the evening, it might be five or six minutes after; I was going to Kentish-town from London, I observed the prisoner at the bar as I was going along in the second field from Totenham-court turnpike ; I look'd upon him to be an honest labouring man, having no mistrust of any ill, did not defend myself against him.

Q. Was he going your way, or did you meet him?

Reay. I met him: he was coming towards London, I bid him a good night, and the moment he past me he knock'd me down, and put his hand to my pocket; I said, I hope you will not kill me; he said, he would not strike me any more if I would not be any worse, it was my money he wanted; he ask'd me, if I had a watch; I said, no; he put his hand in my pocket and took out what money I had, which was a guinea in gold and some silver, between seven and ten shillings.

Q. Was you down when he took it out?

Reay. I was: after that he went over the field; as I lay on the ground, I observed him to go to the hedge, and I believe he either went over it, or lay down in the ditch, there I lost sight of him, I did not follow him.

Q. Look at the prisoner and be sure.

Reay. I am very sure he is the man; after I recovered I got up upon my feet, and met a man that was going to Highgate, and told him what had happend; he took me back to the Adam and Eve, by Totenham-Court turnpike; I was hardly sensible when that man met with me; but after some time, being at the Adam and Eve, I came to my perfect senses, and desired to be bleeded; they sent for a surgeon, and I was bleeded.

Q. Was there any pursuit made after the prisoner?

Reay. No, there was not.

Q. How came he to be taken up?

Reay. I gave a description of him to every one that asked me about the affair, both at the Adam and Eve, and also when I went home to Kentish Town that evening, and the next morning; after which Mr Maplethorp and Mr Pantin sent for me to Mother-Red-Cap's, they having seen the prisoner go in there; when I came there, he was gone from thence over the fields towards London, in the way that he knocked me down; so we set out after him. They ask'd me if I thought he was the man; I said he look'd like him, but I could not tell 'till I saw his face; then I went up and spoke to the prisoner, and then said I was sure that was the man that knock'd me down and robb'd me; so we seized him, and brought him to the Adam and Eve.

Q. Which way was he walking when you took him.

Reay. He was walking towards London.

Q. What did you say to him, when you say you spoke to him?

Reay. I asked him if he did not frequent that road pretty often; he said, yes, sometimes. I said I had seen him about that place the last evening, near about that same place, and that he gave me a handsome salute with that stick he then had in his hand, or such another; the other gentleman were behind me, and we said hold of him directly; then I said to him, if you can clear yourself, now is your time to send for your friends, for I'll swear you are the man that robbed me; we staid at the Adam and Eve near two hours, then we took him before Justice Fielding.

Q. Was your guinea and silver in one pocket?

Reay. They were.

Cross Examination.

Q. What did the person that robb'd you knock you down with?

Reay. With a stick which he had in his hand.

Q. Did you ever see him before?

Reay. No, not as I remember.

Q. Do not you apprehend you may mistake one man for another?

Reay. I do not apprehend I have here.

Q. You say it was in the second field beyond the turnpike, Which way did he go from you?

Reay. He went into the corner of the field near the stile.

Q. Which way is that towards?

Reay. It is towards Marybone.

Q. Have you always been certain as to the man, or have you ever mentioned it as matter of belief?

Reay. No; never as matter of belief, I always said he was the man.

Q. Was any thing found upon him?

Reay. No, nothing.

Q. Did he ever confess it?

Reay. No, never; he said I was mistaken, he was not the man, one man might be like another.

Q. Do you know whether he at that time did work over-against Mother-Red-Cap's?

Reay. Yes, I believe he did; he told me so.

Q. What is his business ?

Reay. He is a Bricklayer.

George Morris . I am a constable. On the tenth of this instant, April, I was sent for to the Adam and Eve, and was told there was the schoolmaster of Kentish Town had been robb'd, and the man was there. When I came there, Mr. Pantin said there is your prisoner, and there is the staff that I believe he knock'd Mr Reay down with when he robb'd him (producing a mop or hair-broom stick); this is it. I conducted the prisoner to the Justice's; he was committed, and I brought him to Newgate.

Thomas Pantin . I spent the Monday evening, being the ninth of this instant, with Mr Maplethorp, the curate of Kentish Town; the prosecutor's maid told me her master had been knock'd down and robb'd, coming to Kentish Town from London. Upon which I went up stairs to see him; he was in bed; I ask'd him how he did; he said his head ach'd a good deal; that he had had a good blow, having been knock'd down on the road. I ask'd him what kind of a man it was that knock'd him down; he described him to me with a loose

white coat on, and an apron tuck'd round his middle; and that he look'd like a labouring bricklayer or a mason. The next morning he gave me the same account very punctually. That day, being the tenth, just before church, I went to Mr Maplethorp and told him what an accident Mr Reay had met with, and described the man, as he had described him to me, that had committed the fact. We went to church together; after which I went with him part of the way to town; he said he should be glad if I would come and meet him, when he came back, between five and six o'clock; accordingly, after business was over, I went to meet him.

Q. What are you?

Pantin. I am a clergyman. I met him between five and six. This was on Tuesday the tenth. Just as I came upon the road, we saw each other; he beckon'd with his hand and ran towards me; when I came up to him, he said, here is a man that answers the description you gave me of the man that robb'd Mr Reay last night; I should be glad if you would step back and call him; the man is gone in at Mother-Red-Cap's, and I'll watch him. I ran back to Kentish Town, and told Mr Reay; he came with me. Mr Maplethorp told us the man was gone out of the house about five minutes; we made haste after him. Mr Maplethorp ask'd Mr Reay, as we came near him, if he thought that look'd like the man; he said he believed he did, but he should know that presently when he saw his face. When we came pretty near him, Mr Reay said I'll go and look in his face, and speak to him, and you will take notice what I say to him, and by that means you will secure him. Mr Reay told the man (which was the prisoner at the bar) he had met him the night before about that place. Mr Reay seized him by his right hand, and I seized the stick, and got it out of his hand; the same which the constable produced, Then we tied his arms back, and carried him back to the Adam and Eve. Mr Reay said positively that was the man, and he would swear to him.

Q. What did the prisoner say?

Pantin. He said, he little thought of this. As soon as we laid hold of him I said I thought he little did. He said I am innocent; and persisted in it.

Cross Examination.

Q. How did Mr Reay describe the man as to his size?

Pantin. He said he was a lusty man.

Q. Look at the prisoner; is he a lusty man?

Pantin. Yes, he appears so to me.

Q. Did he describe his features?

Pantin. No.

Q. You say the prisoner said, I little thought of this. If you or I, innocent of an offence, should be charg'd, do not you imagine we should make use of the same expression?

Pantin. We might. I do not mean that by way of aggravation; the man all along persisted in his innocency.

John Edwards . I met Mr Reay going to Kentish Town on Monday the 9th of this instant April, in the bottom field; he was very much stunn'd and stagger'd a little.

Q. What time did you meet him?

Edwards. It might be a little better than a quarter after seven o'clock. He said to me, if you are an honest man, I hope you will not hurt me, and told me what had happened. I asked him, if he would go with me to Kentish Town ? he said, he had rather go back to the Adam and Eve. He described the man that had robb'd him: that he had on a whitish frock, and was a tallish man, with his apron tuck'd round him. He was blooded at the Adam and Eve, and came pretty well to himself. After that I went back with him to Kentish Town.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at work at the half-way houses for Mr Harding, on the 9th and 10th of this instant April, As I was going home to London on the 9th, being Monday night, I was got over all the fields, and met a woman that lives on the same estate that I had been at work upon. At about half an hour after six o'clock I got

home to my landlady's. Soon after, my supper was not quite ready, I said to her, as my supper is not quite ready, I'll go to Mr. Hardings, which I did about seven o'clock. I returned to my landlady, and sat down to supper, and she fetch'd me some beer, and I never went out of the house that night afterwards.

The Witnesses for the Prisoner were examined apart.

Eliz. Hickey. I live on Mr Harding's estate, opposite to Mother-Red-Cap's, I take care of his house there. The prisoner is a Bricklayer, he used to work there; I remember his going away from our house that night that this robbery was committed. He went away about six o'clock, to the best of my knowledge, and at his going away he said, he believed he should have a very wet night of it (it rain'd then).

Q. Did you ever see him with a stick?

Hickey. No, to the best of my knowledge.

Q. Look at this stick (that is the broomstick).

Hickey. I know nothing of it. I saw no stick in his hand that night, when he went away.

Q. Where does he live?

Hickey. I do not know. He went over the fields towards the Turnpike for London.

Q. How does he dress?

Hickey. Always like a labouring man.

Q. Did he come to his work on the Tuesday?

Hickey. He did at six in the morning. Then he work'd in the summer-house. On the Monday he was making of arches before the door.

Q. Did you observe any signs of suspicion in him on the Tuesday?

Hickey. No, I did not, on the Thursday night following (the prisoner being then in prison), I met a man seemingly perfectly like him, when I was within three yards of him I thought it was this bricklayer got out of Newgate. It affrighted me a good deal. He had a stick in his hand about a yard long. He said to me, a good night, and I the same.

Q. Where was you then?

Hickey. I was coming from Mr Whitfield's tabernacle.

Q. Was the prisoner a diligent man?

Hickey. He was a very diligent man. When he left work he generally went in at Mother-Red-Cap's for a pennyworth of beer.

Mary Thomas . I live at the half-way house going to Hampstead, in one of Mr Harding's houses. My mother keeps a chandler's shop there; I met the prisoner as he was going to London from his work, on Monday the 9th of this instant April, at about half an hour after six at night, as near as I can tell, just by Totenham-Court turnpike, that is in the fields joining to the turnpike beyond it.

Q. Where was you going?

Thomas. I was going home. I had been to London, near the New Church in the Strand, to carry home a nurse-child to Mrs Leeson a Haberdasher there; it was six o'clock when I left the New Church in the Strand; the clock struck just as I was coming away, so I guess I was about half an hour in coming there.

Q. What time was it when you got home?

Thomas. It wanted about ten or fifteen minutes of seven o'clock.

Q. Did you hear the clock strike?

Thomas. No; but after I heard that the man was taken up, I knowing I had met him the night before, I asked Mrs King, a neighbour, what time I came home, and she said, she could tell the time, which she said was about that time.

Q. How soon after did you hear of the robbery?

Thomas. I heard of it on the Tuesday, being the day after.

Q. Did the prisoner speak to you when you met him?

Thomas. He asked me if I would turn back and drink with him; this was just by the Adam and Eve, where we met.

Mary Lawrence . I live in Compton-street: the prisoner at the bar has lodged with me almost two years; he came home on Monday the 9th of this instant, at about three quarters after six o'clock at night, I was going to boil some bacon and greens for his supper; when he

came home I told him it was not quite ready; he said, can I go to Mr Harding's and fetch a pail and sieve by that time it is ready; he went and returned I believe a quarter after seven with the things; he eat his supper and never went out of the house after that night, I called him up next morning about five.

Q. Where does Mr Harding live?

Lawrence. He lives in the Hay-market.

Q. How came you to be so exact as to the time?

Lawrence. I can look out to the clock, and see what a clock it is at any time?

Q. Can you take upon you to say you looked at the clock that time?

Lawrence. I looked at the clock at six o'clock that night.

Q. Did you see the clock at seven?

Lawrence. No, I could not, then it was candle-light, I heard it strike seven; he was then coming from the Hay-market.

William Boyde . I live with Mr Harding: the prisoner worked for him; the prisoner came for a pail and a riddle much about seven o'clock, I can't say, but that it was a little after.

A sieve with large holes in it.

Q. Where does your master live?

Boyde. In the Hay-market.

Q. What night was this?

Boyde. It was the night before he was taken up.

Q. What sort of weather was it?

Boyde. It was a rainy night; it was darker at seven that night than it is at eight now, being cloudy and raining, my mistress desired me to go and give him the things, which I did.

Q. Why do you think it was that time?

Boyde. I had been out, and coming by Covent-Garden the clock struck six, I told it; I made what haste I could, being wet to the skin; when I came home my mistress bid me go to the fire and put off my cloaths, and after that he came.

Q. What business is Mr Harding?

Boyde. He is a Cabinet-maker.

Mr. Harding. I have an estate over against Mother-Red-Cap's: I have employed the prisoner there several times; he was at work there for me on the 9th and 10th of April instant.

Q. How did he behave?

Harding. He is a very constant worker when he is at work; that very Monday night he had finished a piece of work for me; I went down to him the next day, and left him working; he had told me on that Monday when I was there with him, that he would come to my house in London for a pail. I always looked upon him to be an industrious pains taking man; I have trusted him where I have had goods of value; I can't charge him with taking any thing; I always looked upon him to be an honest man.

Mr Price. I used to employ the prisoner at the bar; I believe I employed him about eight months last summer, while there was business to be done our way.

Q. How did he behave ?

Price. Very well, industrious and honest: he never was drunk during the whole time to my knowledge, I looked upon him to be a very honest man.

Mr Wild. I have known the prisoner ten or twelve years; he has been an industrious man when he had work to do, he had not always work.

Q. Was he an extravagant or frugal man?

Wild. I never saw any extravagancy in him; he always bore a good character, that of a good-natured honest working man; and I really believe he deserves that character.

Mr Watts. I live in Fetter-lane: I have known the prisoner thirty years; I never knew nor heard any harm of him in my life; I believe he deserves the character of an honest man.

Mr Branson. I live at Hampstead: I have known him three years, he has worked for me twice, the first time about six months; he behaved exceeding well; I have trusted him in a

great many gentlemens houses; he has worked for me at my Lord Mansfield's; he was always very industrious, and always carried money in his pocket and paid his way; if he was clear of this affair, if he wanted a jobb, I would employ him.

Mr Buckhurst. I have known the prisoner about three years: he worked for me about a year of that time; he was always very industrious, and never lost any time when he had business; I have trusted him in the best houses in Hampstead; I believe him to be as honest a man as any in the world; if he was discharged from this I would employ him to-morrow.

Dorothy Fenton . The prisoner lodged at my house three years; he never staid out a night in that time, and always behaved well and honest.

Christopher Cooper . I have known the prisoner upwards of three years; I live near where he lodged; he is a very industrious man whenever he has work to employ him; I believe him to be as honest a man as any in England; there is hardly a week but what I see him almost every day.

Mr. Mackley. I have known the prisoner almost three years, and have employed him when he has been out of work in the winter-time to grind oatmeal for me; I have trusted him in my shop, and never had any suspicion of him; I believe him to be an honest man; was he out I would employ him to-morrow had I it to do.

Mr Fisher. I have known the prisoner four or five years; he always behaved exceeding well; I never was more surprized in my life, than when I heard he was charged with this thing; I looked upon him to be a very honest man; was he discharged now I would employ him.

Thomas Blunt . I have known the prisoner four or five years; he always kept his hours and bore a good character; I believe him to be as honest a man as any in the Court; I do not think there can be an honester; I do not believe he would stop a child of twelve years old.

Mr Hill. I have known him about seven years; he has always behaved well; I looked upon him to be an honest industrious man.

Mr Crookshanks. I have known the prisoner five or six years; I have worked for him, and he for me; he has paid me very honestly, and was very industrious; I always took him to be an honest man.

Acquitted .

Samuel Wilson.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-11
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

155. (L.) Samuel Wilson was indicted for stealing twenty pounds weight of loaf sugar, value 13 s. 4 d. the property of Paul Amsynk , and William Drusina , March 13 . ++

Charles Brown . On the 13th of March I employed the prisoner at the bar to work for me; I am a Lighterman: my lighter was at Bear-Key ; the prisoner helped to put sugar on board the lighter; we covered them safe up, and I put him on board in charge to watch them, the goods belong to Mess. Amsynk and Drusina, merchants; to be put on board a Hamburgh ship. About ten at night I went down near the lighter, and saw the prisoner in a part of it which I thought was not proper; so I went up into the crane and watched him, and saw him come out of my lighter with a parcel of sugar in his hat; he was got up Bear-Key-Gateway before I could get out of the crane; I went and told the constable of it, and had not been in the house I believe above ten minutes before the prisoner came in; I pulled off his hat, and there was sugar all round the inside of it; then I gave Mr Carter the constable charge of him; I found a bill and a large hammer in the lighter; I do not know whose property they were; I found a vessel in the lighter with the head out of it, and some sugar was littered about the lighter; I am charged with thirty pounds weight, at eight pence a pound for what was missing. I was sixty yards distance when I saw him out of the crane.

Prisoner's defence.

I ask'd my prosecutor for six-pence to go and buy something for supper; he let me have it; I went home to my wife; then I went to see if

it was stood; to know when to call him; this is out of spite, because I summoned him to the Court of Conscience once for my money, and he never paid me a farthing; I never took a morsel of sugar in my life.

Q. to prosecutor. Have you any malice to this man?

Prosecutor. No, none at all; he says he summoned me to the Court of Conscience when I had paid his wife; and the rascal took the advantage of it, and wanted me to pay him more money than was his due; I paid him three shillings more than I owed him.

For the Prisoner.

Samuel Nixon . I have known the prisoner ever since he was a child in the cradle; I use the trade from Yarmouth to London; the prisoner has worked for me on and off these twelve years as a labourer, I would trust him with untold gold; I believe him to be an honest man.

Sarah Allen . I live in the house where the the prisoner does, and have known him about five years; I never heard any harm of him; I look upon him to be an honest man.

Acquitted .

William Standiford.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-12
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

156. (L.) William Standiford , was indicted for stealing one cloth great-coat, value 10 s. the property of Gilbert Boyd , privately in the stable of Thomas Waley , April 18 . ++

Gilbert Boyd . I am head-hostler at Mr Waley's in Wood-street ; my great-coat was hanging upon a nail in the stable; I met the prisoner coming away with it; I stopp'd him; I ask'd him where he had it; he said it was his own; I brought him to the book-keeper, and then before the sitting alderman the next day, there he own'd he took it, and said he was drunk.

Prisoner's defence.

I found that coat lying in the yard; he took hold of me and said, what coat is that; I said if it is your's you may take it.

He called four witnesses; the first had known him about thirty years; the second, twenty; the third, about forty; the fourth, about four; who all gave him a good character.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Pope.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-13
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty; Not Guilty

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157. (L.) William Pope , was indicted for stealing 56 pounds weight of sugar, value 20 s. the property of persons unknown, October 30 . ++

Robert Middleton . The first time I went to work with the prisoner at the bar was at Porter's-key .

Q. What work did you do?

Middleton. I only carried some sugar for him.

Q. What work did he do?

Middleton. He went into the warehouse one story high there, and flung out a bag of sugar.

Q. How much was there of it?

Middleton. There was upwards of half a hundred weight of it, and he employ'd me to carry it for him to Mr Harrison's, and he went along with me, and Mrs Harrison herself received it, and she paid the prisoner 15 s. for it while I was by.

Q. What time was this?

Middleton. This was in the latter end of October.

Q. What time of the day?

Middleton. It was in the middle of the day?

Q. How came he by it in the warehouse?

Middleton. I do not know.

Q. Was it stolen or taken by authority?

Middleton. He flung it out to me.

Cross Examination.

Q. Does the prisoner and you both belong to one regiment?

Middleton. We do.

Q. Did you work on the key with him?

Middleton. I did, but he brought me to this?

Q. What time of the day did you carry the sugar to Mrs Harrison's?

Middleton. In the middle of the day.

Q. Where does she live?

Middleton. She lives on Little Tower-hill by the ditch-side.

James Forgerson . I am the warsinger's servant at Porter's-key; I know there has been sugar missing out of that warehouse, there has been missing eleven hundred weight out of two hogsheads.

Q. Had the prisoner ever work'd there?

Forgerson. To the best of my knowledge he never work'd on the Key but one day, then Middleton work'd there that day also; and they begg'd leave to be paid off before they had done, pretending they were going upon duty; which, I believe, was only going to steal sugar.

Q. Did you ever see the prisoner steal sugar ?

Forgerson. No, never.

Q. Did you hear him examined ?

Forgerson. I did before my Lord Mayor. There he confess'd he had carried sugar to Mrs Harrison, and that he received eleven shillings for it. He confess'd he went three times with sugar in a handkerchief.

Q. Did he say where he had the sugar from?

Forgerson. He said he had it from out of a warehouse at Porter's-key; and upon his next examination he denied it all, before my Lord Mayor.

William Dolley . I am what is called a gangs-man. Whenever we went to weigh our sugar we found it had been pilfered, about that time that Middleton and the prisoner were about; but they never work'd but part of one day, as I remember.

The prisoner said nothing in his defence.

For the Prisoner.

Mr Lacksham. I have known the Prisoner a year and a half; ever since he has been in town.

Q. What is his general character?

Mr Lacksham. I never heard any but that of an honest man. His friends are people of great credit in the country.

Mr Previn. I have known the prisoner ever since I can remember. He and I both came from one town, Cheltenham in Gloucestershire. He went to the same school, a Latin school, as I did.

Q. What is his general character?

Mr Previn. He always bore an exceeding good character.

Mr Lawson. I have known the prisoner ever since he was quartered at the Swan in Fuller's Rents.

Q. What is his character ?

Mr Lawson. He has a very good character, I have trusted him with ten pounds at a time to carry to Kentish Town.

Mr Willson. I have known him about two years; he was recommended to me by a person at Cheltenham: he served me as a porter. I trusted him to receive, and very often to pay, considerable sums of money: he always discharged his trust with credit.

Q. What are you?

Willson. I am a Grocer.

Mr Nettleship. I have known the prisoner as long as I can remember. I have heard he was a soldier, but have not seen him since he was a soldier 'till now. He has behaved, as I have heard, with honesty.

Mr Pryer. I know the prisoner extreamly well, and have done this eight months. He was quartered at my house. I always trusted him with any thing I had, except the scrutoire; he never wrong'd me of any thing; he always had the key of the street door, to go out when he thought proper. I never knew him to do any harm in my life.

Serjeant Denman. I inlisted him on the 20th of February was twelve months.

Q. What regiment is he in?

Serjeant Denman. He is in the first regiment; he has always behaved in a very honest manner, and was accounted honest by all his comrades: when we were in the Tower, he never lay out of it.

Serjeant Hindmarsh. I have known him ever since he inlisted. He lay in the same barracks that I lay in, in the Tower. I have trusted him with my lac'd cloaths, and all I had, and never found any thing deficient.

Guilty .

(L.) He was a second time indicted for stealing forty pounds weight of sugar, value fifteen shillings , the property of persons unknown, December 22 . ++

Robert Middleton . The second time that I went with Pope was on the Friday or Saturday before Christmas last, we went down to Porter's-Key , the next Key to the Custom-house-Key. Pope went into the warehouse.

Q. At what time of the day?

Middleton. This was about two o'clock in the day; I stay'd in the gateway. He did not stay in the warehouse above a quarter of an hour, before he threw some sugar out from a warehouse one story high.

Q. Could you see what he was doing where you stood?

Middleton. No, I could not see him.

Q. What did you do with that sugar?

Middleton. I carried it in a handkerchief. Pope went along with me with the first handkerchief to Mrs Harrison's; he stay'd there while I went and fetch'd two more handkerchiefs full: there were upwards of forty pounds in the whole.

Q. Who received this sugar?

Middleton. Mrs Harrison did.

Q. What business is Mr Harrison of?

Middleton. I cannot tell what business he follows; I have seen him sometimes upon the Keys among the tobacco, and he has tobacco rolls hung up over his door.

Q. Was any body at work in the warehouse where the prisoner went into?

Middleton. I did not see any body there.

Q. How did he open the door?

Middleton. That I cannot tell.

Q. Were he or you paid for that sugar?

Middleton. I saw Mrs Harrison pay him ten shillings and six pence for it.

Q. How do you apprehend he came by it?

Middleton. I do not know.

Q. Did he say he was going to steal it?

Middleton. No, he did not.

Richard Lee . I live at the Bull-head, Holbourn. Middleton was quarter'd upon me. This Mrs Harrison that he talks off was at my house, and pass'd as the prisoner's and his mistress.

James Forgerson . I am the wharfinger's servant; we missed a great deal of sugar out of that warehouse which Middleton mentions, about the 22d of December.

Q. Did you see the prisoner or Middleton at the warehouse on the 22d of December.

Forgerson. I have seen them about there a great many times, but cannot be particular as to that day.

William Dolley . I am a gangsman; I cannot say to the day of the month, but we have missed a gread deal of sugar at times out of that warehouse.

John Rawlins . I am constable upon the Keys for the West-India merchants; I was at the taking the prisoner at the bar in Fuller's Rents, Holborne, at his quarters, with a warrant from my Lord-Mayor, back'd by Justice Fielding. When we came to examine him, he own'd he had stolen a parcel of sugar out of Porters-Key warehouse, one story high, and sold it for eleven shillings and six-pence, or ten shillings and six-pence, and gave the evidence, Middleton, five shillings and six-pence out of it.

Q. Did he say what quantity there was of it?

Rawlins. No, he did not.

Q. Did he say who he sold it to?

Rawlins. He said he sold it at Harrison's.

Q. When was he taken up?

Rawlins. On the twenty-first of March last.

Charles Crane . I was at the Mansion-house when Pope was examined on the twenty-second of March, and heard him own he had paid Middleton some money for carrying sugar for him to Mrs Harrison's.

Q. Did he say what he sold it for?

Crane. He said he sold it for about ten shillings; there was a sort of a dispute between Pope and Middleton there about six-pence, whether the money he sold it for was ten shillings, or ten shillings and six-pence.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was on the Key, and Middleton and I both of us work'd in the warehouse; but as for taking any sugar, I never did in my life;

Middleton was taken in the fact, with three handkerchiefs full of sugar, and I was at the Marshalsea at the same time.

Guilty .

(L.) He was a third time indicted for stealing fifty-two pounds weight of sugar, value 18 s. the goods of persons unknown, February 23 . +

Middleton deposed to the prisoner's taking about fifty-five pounds weight of sugar, on the 23d of February, out of the same warehouse; that he carried it for Pope to Mrs Harrison, who gave Pope thirteen shillings for it, and he gave Middleton five shillings and six pence of the money; but the other evidences did not corroborate his evidence as to the time.

The prisoner was Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Farrah.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-14
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

158. (M.) James Farrah was indicted for feloniously and burglariously breaking the dwelling-house of Samuel Bradford , on the 13th of March , about the hour of ten in the night on the same day, and stealing five linnen stocks, value 2 s. one fustain frock, one shagg waistcoat, one pair of velvet breeches, one Bristol-stone buckle, one gold-lace girdle, one razor, and one iron jack , the goods of the said Samuel. +

Samuel Bradford . I was out of town at the time the fact was committed.

Q. Where do you live?

Bradford. I live at a place call'd the Vineyard, Clerkenwell .

Q. How did you leave your house when you went out?

Bradford. I went out on Monday the 12th of March, and left the house fast, and the buroe likewise; and return'd on the Thursday following, and found the door broke open, and four locks broke in the buroe. I left a gardener and another servant in the house below; but the key that belongs to that room that was broke, I had in my pocket. I lost the goods mention'd in the indictment (naming them). I found also a looking-glass taken down, and a clock and Jarum, but not taken away.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Bradford. My man took him in the room, and took him before Justice Keeling, who committed him.

Moses Ball . I work in the prosecutor's vineyard; I was left to take care of his house. On the 13th of March I went to the Vineyard-house, and got a pint of beer and some bread and cheese; then I went to go to bed. About ten, when I was pulling off my cloaths, I heard a noise in my master's room above. I went round; his door is on the side of a mount on the backside, and that door goes in off the mount one story above mine. There I found the prisoner in the room; the door was open; I ask'd who was there; he seem'd to be trying to get out at the window. When he found he could not, then he came at me; I took him by the collar, and never let go of him 'till I got into a publick house.

Q. Where was you when he came at you?

Ball. I was then on the stairs; after we had struggled together some time, he offer'd me money and beer to let him go; I ask'd him how he came there; he said his master let him into the vineyard. I ask'd him who was his master; he would not tell me.

Q. Were the doors all fast when you was going to bed?

Ball. I had made all fast at between six and seven o'clock. I carried him before Justice Keeling.

Q. Did you ask him how he got in?

Ball. He said he got in at the window; but I found the door broke, and open.

Q. Did he say at what time he got in?

Ball. No, he did not; after I had confin'd him in prison, I went to see how he had got into the garden, and found a door that opens into the vineyard was broke open.

Q. Where did you secure him?

Ball. In Clerkenwell Bridewell for that night; the next morning I took him to Justice Keeling, who committed him to New-Prison.

Q. Were any things found upon him?

Ball. There were five stocks and a razor, and two or three odd matters.

George Preston . I am constable: I was sent or on the 13th of March, between ten and eleven at night, to take the prisoner into custody; I search'd him, and found five stocks, a ock of a drawer, and an old razor, in his waistcoat pockets; there were other odd things (produc'd in court).

Prosecutor. These stocks and razor are nine; I have the key in my pocket (pulling it out) that locks and unlocks this lock; it is a lock belonging to a drawer in my buroe; the stocks and razor I left in my drawer when I went out.

Preston. Mr Bradford mention'd the marks on the stocks, before he saw them, to me.

Josiah Larser . I live near the Vineyard house; it is the next adjoining house, though at some little distance; at ten o'clock that evening I was going to bed; I was half undress'd, and heard a sort of scuffle between two men. I came down, and found the first evidence had got the prisoner at the bar, leading him up to the Vineyard-house (a publick house ). I ask'd the woman of the house if she knew the prisosoner; she said he had had a pint of beer there a little before. I took care of him, while the witness went for a constable. Then he ask'd me to let him go, and said he would never do so any more. After the constable came, he ask'd me to go with Mr Ball to see what damage was done; I went, and saw the door was broke open; also we found three of the buroe locks were broke open.

Q. Describe the house.

Larser. This is a house in the vineyard; not the house call'd the Vineyard-house, which is a publick house; there is a door opens to the upper room from off a mount; there are several surprizing high hills in the ground, and there is a door on the other side that opens into the lower room, where the gardener lies; one side of the house is finish'd out of a high mount, and the other side quite in a bottom. I saw also a larum-clock taken down from the wainscot; the brass-work was taken out of the case; and several pictures, which used to hang round the room, were taken down and laid in a chair; and a large looking-glass lay in another chair; and a coat, waistcoat, and breeches, lay on the threshold of the door. When I returned back, I saw the constable search the prisoner, and take five linnen stocks, a lock, and a razor, out of his pocket. He was carried to Bridewell that night, it being too late to go before a magistrate. The next day, betwixt ten and eleven, he was committed to New-Prison. In the morning before we went to Mr Keeling. I went to see the situation of the place, and found the coat, waistcoat, and breeches, were gone from where I saw them, but no other things were removed from the places where I saw them before.

Elizabeth Sole . I live with Mr Bradford (she takes the stocks in her hand); I know these to be my master's property.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was going up the road to Hampstead, and I found these stocks lying in the road; I pick'd them up over-against the lane that goes to the Vineyard-house; I put them in my pocket; I went from thence, and going along to go home, in the lane past this house there was a man call'd out thieves, stop thieves. I stopp'd; he laid hold on my collar, and said, if you offer to make any resistance. I'll knock your brains out. He took me to a publick house. It being in the night, I can't say which man it was; I know he had a great thick stick in his hand. I said I have done you no harm, my friend; then he left me there in custody, and went for a constable and watch to charge me. This was, I believe, between ten and eleven at night; these things were found upon me; so from thence I was taken to Clerkenwell Bridewell, and remained there 'till next morning; then I was taken before Justice Keeling, who committed me back again. The man that took me said to me, You must have some confederate, for the house was stripp'd and robb'd after you was taken. I said I know nothing about it; I had no considerates. What they swore against me I did not deny; neither did I discover it. This is the first time I have spoke against it, now before all the gentlemen in the court.

Larser. When I had him in custody, I ask'd him what business he had there; he said he had got a little liquor, and he went there to go to sleep.

For the prisoner.

Lucy Lewis . I have known the prisoner three years, and liv'd near him.

Q. What is his general character?

Lewis. I know nothing amiss of him.

Q. What is his business?

Lewis. He serv'd bricklayers.

Q. Where did he live ?

Lewis. In Old-street, St. Luke's parish.

Q. What countryman is he?

Lewis. I cannot tell; his wife nurs'd me of two children.

Guilty of Felony. Acquitted of the Burglary .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Ricketts.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-15

Related Material

159. (M.) Elizabeth Ricketts , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silk gown, value 14 s. one camblet gown, value 13 s. and one stuff gown, value 18 s. the property of James Walker , March 11 . +

James Walker . I married the prisoner's own mother ; she stole three gowns my property, out of my own house.

Q. Did she live with you?

Walker. No.

Q. How do you know she stole them?

Walker. She came and insisted upon my taking her up, and said she had stole them to transport her, for fear she should be hang'd for something else, and so bring a discredit on her family.

Q. What sort of gowns were they?

Walker. There was an Irish stuff gown, a brown camblet gown, and a padusoy silk gown.

Q. Where did the prisoner live?

Walker. No where, any where, where she could; she has been amongst a gang of wicked persons, pick-pockets, and the like.

Q. Did you ever take any care of her since you was married to her mother?

Walker. No.

Q. What care was taken of her to support her?

Walker. She was brought up to work, and was put into St George's workhouse and bound out apprentice.

Q. Did you ever find the gowns again ?

Walker. I did: in the people's hands where she had sold them.

Q. What are their names?

Walker. Samuel Pritchard and Mrs Shadbolt. We took the prisoner before justice Fieldings, and he ordered the gowns to be kept in their custody, 'till such time that the trial came on here.

Q. When did you miss these gowns ?

Walker. We missed them on the eleventh of March; we had a suspicion of her, she used to come to our house, but we never would look upon her; sometimes her mother would cloath her; she would soon make away with them and come again; then by and by she would get herself into goal and people would not prosecute her.

Jane Walker . The prisoner robb'd me of three gowns.

Court. It seems you are her own mother.

Walker. I am her own mother; I do this in the greatest tenderness to save her from Tyburn; she has been a notorious girl for many years.

Q. How old is she?

Walker. She is two and twenty years of age?

Q. How do you know she has robb'd you.

Walker. Because she has own'd it; she said she did it on purpose to go abroad.

Q. Did you ever do for her as a mother ought to do?

Walker. Yes: I cloath'd her but about a fortnight before she took these gowns; I took off my own petticoats from my back and gave to her, and a gown too.

Q. Did you ever put her to school?

Walker. Yes I did: but she would keep to nothing; sometimes she would be gone for two or three years and never let us hear from her; then she would come again all rags, and keep wicked company. Three gowns produc'd and depos'd to by prosecutrix.

Samuel Pritchard . I keep the Crown and Mitre at Highgate; the prisoner came to my house about six weeks ago and ask'd for a lodging; I was not just in the way; when I came in, I was told what she wanted; I said, she might lie there; she said, she had no money, and was drove to distress, and was going to see her friends in Derbyshire, and she show'd me this gown, (taking up one of them) in the taproom; and desired I would buy it; she ask'd me thirteen shillings for it; I agreed to give her six shillings and six-pence for it; and paid her the money down; she said, now I have got some money I must go to the butcher's to get some meat for I am very hungry; she paid me for her bed; and went, as I thought, to the butcher's, but never return'd for three nights; when she came again. She had left a bag and some things behind her, my wife fetch'd them down, and shew'd them, and ask'd her if they were all right; she said they were; then she took her things, and went away about her business.

Elizabeth Shadbolt . I keep a shop; a young woman, came into it and asked me if I would buy a gown.

Q. Who was that young woman?

Shadbolt. By all circumstances it was the prisoner at the bar; I never saw her before, and I cannot swear to her.

Q. How long is it ago?

Shadbolt. It is about seven weeks ago; I bought the gown of her for seven shillings; she came in with it on her back, and said she wanted to sell it to fetch a pair of ear-rings out of pawn; she had a gown of me that I valued at three shillings and six-pence, and I paid her the rest of the money (she looks upon one of the gowns). This is it, to the best of my knowledge; but they came and took it from me; and after that, before the justice, they gave it to me, and charg'd me to keep it in my possession 'till this sessions, which I did.

Sarah Priscote . A neighbour of mine brought this gown (taking up one of the gowns) to me, and I bought it of her.

Q. Was it a neighbour, or the prisoner at the bar?

Priscote. I cannot swear to the prisoner: when the soldier came and demanded it of me I gave it him directly. (The father-in-law is a soldier.)

Prisoner's defence.

I own to the taking of the gowns, they were my mother's gowns; I was distressed and had neither house nor home, and drove by necessity to do it; I thought I might make welcome with her things; I did not think that my mother would have brought me to such a place as this.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Scott.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-16

Related Material

160. (M.) Mary Scott , spinster , was indicted for stealing two cambrick caps, value 4 s. seven linnen caps, value 3 s. one cotton gown, value 4 s. one linnen apron, one cambrick handkerchief, one linnen shift, one bible, one book of common-prayer, one cotton bed-gown, one woollen petticoat, one linnen petticoat, one tinderbox, one saucepan, one looking-glass, five shifts, one callimanco petticoat, two aprons, one linnen handkerchief, and two guineas , the goods and money of Mary Taylor , widow ; March 2 . ++

Mary Taylor . I was left a widow in Liverpool with three small children; I was coming to London, and met with the prisoner; she said she was going to London, and she had no money, but she had good relations in London; she offered to sell me a cap for two-pence being in great want; we came to London together.

Q. How far did you come together?

Taylor. From Coventry. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment about two miles on the other side Barnet .

Q. Who carried the things?

Taylor. She had them to carry. I was to maintain her for carrying them for me.

Q. What was in the bundle?

***The Second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
25th April 1759
Reference Numbert17590425-16

Related Material

THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 25th, Thursday the 26th, and Friday the 27th of APRIL, 1759.

In the Thirty-second Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER IV. PART II. for the YEAR 1759. Being the fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of. The Right Honble Sir RICHARD GLYN , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster-Row. 1759.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

MARY TAYLOR . There were two cambrick caps, seven linnen caps, a cotton gown, a linnen apron, a cambrick handkerchief, a linnen shift, a bible, a common-prayer-book, a cotton bed-gown, a linnen petticoat, a woollen petticoat, a tinder-box, a tin saucepan, a looking-glass, five other linnen shifts, a callimancoe petticoat, two other linnen aprons, a linnen handkerchief, and two guineas in money, in a check handkerchief.

Q. At what town did you miss these goods?

Taylor. I do not remember the name of the town; I was looking for a lodging, and