Old Bailey Proceedings.
23rd February 1757
Reference Number: 17570223

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numberf17570223-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 23d, Thursday the 24th, Friday the 25th, and Saturday the 26th of FEBRUARY,

In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER III. for the YEAR 1757. Being the Third SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street. 1757.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; Sir Thomas Dennison , Knt.* Sir Richard Adams , Knt. + Mr. Justice Bathurst, || Sir WILLIAM MORETON , Knt. Recorder, ++ and other of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.

N. B. The Characters * + || ++ direct to the Judge by whom the Prisoner was tried, also (L.) (M.) by what Jury.

London Jury.

Robert Groom

- Graham

Joseph Tenniswood

Thomas Gooch

Moses Hooper

Henry Bland

William Wright

John Banner

John Meddleter

William Bailey

Anthony Head

David Ordway

Middlesex Jury.

Stephen Hoare

John Wood

John Price

Edward Harris

Christopher Blinkhorn

Edward Underwood

Lewis Sulch

John Quainton

Thomas Shepherd

Thomas Burford

William Wenman

William Hewson

Thomas Barber.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-1

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92. (L.) Thomas Barber was indicted for stealing 72 pounds weight of ginger, value 12 s. the property of his majesty , Feb. 3 . ++

Abraham Beaumont . I belong to the wharfinger. The prisoner is a ticket porter . I saw him attempting to put a bag of ginger in at a hole in a cellar window. (Produced in court.) This is it. When he saw me he drop'd it, and ran away. I secured him, and took the bag into my care.

Q. Did you see him take it?

Beaumont. No, I did not. I and my partner were ordered to watch it.

Q. Whose property was it?

Beaumont. The property of his majesty. It was taken in a French prize.

Q. Where had the prisoner it from?

Beaumont. It was not taken from a warehouse, but it lay with many more bags under a gateway. The cellar window was under the same gateway, and belongs to an alehouse near the Custom-house.

Q. What do you know it by?

Beaumont. The French mark is D. H. P. No. 149. The English mark is F. No. 189.

James Beal . I am the constable that had charge of the prisoner. We took him to the Cock and Anchor in Thames-Street, the house belonging to the cellar where he went to put the ginger. There he owned the fact, and desired we would be as favourable to him as we could. The warehouses, in which these goods were put, are locked up, and the king and the commissioners have each a lock upon them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I took the bag up in my hand, laid it down again, and went up stairs directly.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-2

Related Material

93. (L.) Matth.ew Carr was indicted for stealing one handkerchief, value 2 d. the property of Francis Pease , privately from his person , February 11 . ++

Francis Pease . Last fast-day I was at the evening service at St. Paul's. As soon as it was ended, going out at the iron gate from the choir, I found a pulling at my coat; I put my hand instantly into my left-hand pocket, and missed my handkerchief. I saw the prisoner at the bar close by my left-hand. He kept his elbow in a suspicious position, close to his body. I said, friend, I have lost something, let me see what you have got under your coat. He would not, but returned towards

the north isle, saying, he was no sailor, and had never been at sea, and went as fast as he could from me. When he was got near the wall he was surrounded with people. I pull'd his arm up, and my handkerchief drop'd on the pavement. I took it up. (Produced in court, and deposed to.) I had wore it in my pocket all that day, till that time.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the handkerchief coming out of the church.

Guilty .

There was another indictment found against him for a crime of the same nature.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Pevit.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-3

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94. (M.) Elizabeth Pevit , otherwise Godard , widow , was indicted for stealing one duffil garment for a woman, call'd a joseph, value 30 s. one tablecloth, value 10 s. one linen shift, one damask napkin, and one silver tea-spoon , the goods of Rachael Pope , widow , Feb. 7 .*

Rachael Pope. I live in Coldbath-Fields . The prisoner was my servant . She happen'd to get in liquor, and went to sleep. I suspected she had not been so honest as she should be, so I went to searching about, to see if I missed any thing. I found a green joseph, a damask tablecloth, a silver teaspoon and a shift were missing. I tax'd her with taking them. She owned she had, and that they were pawned, and where.

Thomas Martin . I live in Coleman-Street, and am a pawnbroker. On the 4th and 5th of this month the prisoner brought me this green joseph and tablecloth. (Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Elizabeth Kilby . I live in Leicester-Street, and am a pawnbroker. The prisoner brought a shift and silver tea-spoon to me on the 3d of February last. (Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)

Richard Parham . I am a constable. The prisoner went with the prosecutrix and me to the pawnbrokers, and the things were delivered to me.

Prisoner's Defence.

Mistress used to keep me short of victuals, so I pawned these things to get me necessaries.

Prosecutrix. She was with me but a fortnight. She could not need all that money for victuals; but I have neighbours here that know there is no want of that sort at my house.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Martha Pritchard.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-4

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95. (M.) Martha Pritchard , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver spoon, value 7 s. one linen bed quilt, seven pewter plates, 2 diaper napkins, and one linen apron , the goods of Rachael Pope , widow , January 15 . ++

Rachael Pope . I live in Coldbath-Fields . The prisoner was my servant . I missed the goods mentioned in January last, and suspecting the prisoner charged her with taking them. She owned it, and also owned the same before justice Keeling.

Q. How long had she lived with you?

R. Pope. About ten weeks.

Q. What did she say?

R. Pope. She said, she was bewitch'd. (The goods produced in court, and deposed to.)

Q. Where did you find them?

R. Pope. At two pawnbrokers. They are here. The prisoner is a girl that has been exceeding well bred, and had a good character, and I believe this is the first offence, and hope it will be the last. I fear she has kept bad company, that drew her in to do it.

Anna Maria Buckmore . I am a pawnbroker. I took in three pewter plates of a person, but can't swear the prisoner is the person. They were in the name of Martha Pritchard .

Richard Parham . I am the constable. I heard the prisoner own she took the things mention'd, and she went with us to the pawnbrokers for them.

William Bowyer . I took all these goods produced here, of the prisoner, in pawn, except four pewter plates.

Prisoner's Defence.

I have some to appear for my character. Please to call Mr. Parham.

Richard Parham . I have known her some time. She had very creditable parents. and was well brought up. I never heard any ill of her.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Probat.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-5

Related Material

96. (M.) William Probat was indicted for stealing one adze, value 12 d. the property of John Dagnal , one axe, value 2 s. one hand-saw, value 3 s. the property of William Edwards , and one plane , the property of Philip King , Feb. 11 . ++

John Dagnal . I am a millwright . I lost an adze out of my shop the 11th of this month. The prisoner came to my shop and asked me for work. I told him I had none. I went out, and left him in my shop.

William Edwards . I am journeyman to Mr. Dagnal. I lost an axe and hand-saw at the same time, out of my master's shop.

Philip King . I work with Mr. Dagnal. After the things were missing I followed the prisoner to Brentford, and at Mr. Still's, a millwright there, I found the prisoner. I took him with the things, mentioned in the indictment, upon him. ( Produced in court, and deposed to by the respective owners.)

The prisoner had nothing to say in his defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Martha Knight, Elizabeth Mayrick.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-6
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

97, 98. (M.) Martha Knight and Elizabeth Mayrick , spinsters , were indicted for stealing one bed, value 2 s. two blankets, value 2 s. two bolsters, value 1 s. and one bedstead, value 5 s. the goods of James Smith , the same being in a lodging room let by contract , &c. Jan. 24 . ++

James Smith . The two prisoners took a lodging room of me, and continued there a week, all but one day. When they were gone I missed the goods mentioned in the indictment. I got a search warrant from Sir Samuel Gower , and in consequence of that, found the goods at one Harwood's, who produced them before the justice, where I saw them; but I being under a cloud for debt, could not attend the examination of the prisoners there.

Q. Where is Harwood?

Smith. He was ordered by the justice to attend here, but is not come; so I can't produce the goods here.

Both acquitted .

Ann Hogan.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-7

Related Material

99. (M.) Ann Hogan , spinster , was indicted for stealing three blankets, value 2 s. one rug, value 1 s. 6 d. and one pillow case, value 1 d. the property of John Fear . Feb. 19 .*

John Fear. I live in St. Clement's-Lane . Hearing a noise in the street I went out on the 19th of February, about ten at night, and saw the prisoner about fifteen yards from my door. My wife had her by the arm, and said, she had rob'd her. She is here, and can give a better account.

Eleanor Fear . I am wife to the prosecutor. I was going up, on that Saturday night, to make my beds, and the prisoner was coming down stairs with a bundle of cloaths under her arm. This was a little after ten at night.

Q. Did she lodge with you?

E. Fear. No. I had seen her come in and out to one of my lodgers, named Renton. I lighted her down, and let her go out. Then I went upstairs and push'd my room door open, and saw my bed strip'd. I ran down, and took her in the street, and brought her back. She then laid the goods down upon the stairs, the same as mentioned in the indictment. (Produced in court, and deposed to.) I sent for a constable, and she was committed.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never laid my eyes upon these goods, till I saw them in the Round-house on the Monday morning.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Griffith.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-8
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

100. (M.) James Griffith was indicted for stealing three hens, value 3 s. the property of Michael Crew , and 3 hens, value 3 s. the property of Thomas Gander , Feb. 11 .*

Michael Crew. I live in the parish of Stanmore , and am a farmer . On the 10th at night, or 11th in the morning of this instant I lost several hens; but three of them were very remarkable. They were found upon the prisoner, and I know them to be mine.

Moses Clements . I am servant to Mr. Scot. Coming from his mills I saw the prisoner on Hounslow-Heath, picking some fowls. I went and examined him how he came by them, but he would not tell me. He had got eleven fowls and two geese. I took him before the justice. Going along he said, he'd give me and my partner a shilling and all the fowls to let him go: but we would not. Then he ran from us, and we after him, took him again, and carried him before justice Bulstrode.

Thomas Gander . I saw the fowls taken upon the prisoner. Some of them were my property. I can swear to one of them, which was a black one. I had lost six.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the hens in a bag coming along.

Guilty, 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Samuel Straham.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-9
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

101. (L.) Samuel Straham was indicted for marrying Sarah Escue , widow , his former wife, Judith, being living, and in full life , Feb. 15 . ++

James Tompson . I know the prisoner. He was married to Judith Griffiths January 7, 1745-6, at the sign of the Cripple in the Fleet-Market. I have known him sixteen years. He is one of our poor in the workhouse. She is still living, and here. We count him no better than an ideot. I don't believe he ever knew the nature of an oath. I am churchwarden of the parish of Aldersgate.

Joseph Peck . I have known him about five years. I take him to be a very weak man. I don't think he has sense enough to know right from wrong. I am master of the workhouse, to which he belong.

Nicholas Gowin . I always took him to be a fool. He does not know right from wrong.

The prisoner in his defence said, one Jeffreys, a beadle of another parish, made him fuddled, and proposed the wife to him; upon whose recommendation he was married to her.

He was acquitted , and the beadle bound over to appear at Guild-Hall next sessions, to answer such charge as should be brought against him on this occasion.

Jane Floyd.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-10

Related Material

102. (L.) Jane Floyd , spinster , was indicted for stealing two grizzle perriwigs, value 10 s. three brown perriwigs, value 5 s. the property of William Hammel , Feb. 5 . ++

William Hammel . I live by the corner of Bread-Street hill. I lost five perriwigs the 15th of this instant. I went to Rag-Fair, and offered twenty shillings reward, to any person that would stop a person that brought such wigs. I was sent for afterwards, and there the prisoner was stop'd with them. She said, she had them of a woman, but did not know her name, or where she lived. I carried her before the sitting alderman, and she was committed.

William Hayley . It was publickly advertised in the paper. The woman coming to me to sell them, I stop'd her, and fetch'd the prosecutor to her. She said, she did not take the goods, but that another woman, that dealt in the lane, gave her them to sell. (Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)

Q. to Hammel. Did you ever see the woman at your shop?

Hammel. No, never. I was in my kitchen above stairs when they were taken out of the shop below.

Q. to Hayley. Was you before the alderman with her?

Hayley. I was; but she did not confess any thing.

Prisoner's Defence.

A young woman (her name is Molly) that deals in the lane, asked me to go and sell these things for her. I took them, and carried them to that gentleman's house, and he stop'd me.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Lawrence Gorman, Thomas Walker.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-11
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty > lesser offence

Related Material

103, 104. (M. ) Lawrence Gorman , and Thomas Walker , were indicted for stealing one gold watch, value 10 l. the property of Robert Smith , privately from his person , Jan. 18 . ++

Robert Smith . I live in Gray's-Inn Lane, and am a distiller . On the 18th of January I think it was, I went to the Fox, in Fox-Court . I had my watch there. Coming out of the house three or four people jostled against me, and I lost a gold chased watch with a shagreen case, and a ribbon to it. This was about 200 yards from my own house. It was very dark, so I can't pretend to swear to any particular person. I had looked at it but a few minutes before I came out of the house.

Leonard Yates . I know the two prisoners very well, but I can't swear to Walker, because he had a great coat on, button'd up to his chin.

Q. Do you know the prosecutor?

Yates. I never saw him till to-day. I was going up Holbourn, and saw Gorman come running out of Fox-Court about five weeks ago. I ran after him and said, what hurry are you in, Larry. He said, we have just touch'd. Another person that ran with him said, '' Is it white or yellow? '' That was an Irishman by his tongue. There was a woman with them. He held it up to a lamp, and I saw a ragged black ribbon to it, and only a key. I asked him afterwards, what he had done with it ? He said, he had sold it.

Both acquitted .

Gorman was a second time indicted for stealing a gold repeating watch, value 80 l. a gold chain, and four gold seals, value 4 l. the property of Edmund Nugent , Esq ; privately from his person , November 10 . ++

Edmund Nugent . I lost a gold repeating watch last king's-birth day, as I was coming out of St. James's , about two o'clock in the afternoon as I suppose, when I was pressing through the crowd; but I was not sensible of its going. I missed it about half an hour after. Then I recollected I had been jostled in the crowd.

Q. What have you to charge the prisoner with?

Nugent. I have no reason to suspect him. I can't recollect his face.

Q. Have you seen your watch since?

Nugent. No, I have not.

Leonard Yates . I cannot swear to the gentleman's face, he was walking just by the chapple upon the paved stones at St. James's, on his majesty's birth day about two o'clock; there were

South, Elgrove, Brown and his wife, and a Jew, I don't know his name: South faced the gentleman, and gave him some pushes.

Q. Look at this gentleman, do you know him? ( meaning the prosecutor)

Yates. I believe that is the gentleman South fell down and a chairman took him up. Elgrove took a watch out of the gentleman's pocket and gave it to Brown, and Brown gave it to Gorman who ran away with it.

Q. Did any body pursue him?

Yates. No, nobody at all.

Q. Did you see it deliver'd by Brown?

Yates. I saw it delivered by Brown to Gorman, and I saw it taken by Elgrove out of the gentleman's pocket. I think this is the gentleman and I think the gentleman gave a blow in the crowd. I saw Gorman the next day and told him I heard it was worth sixty or seventy guineas; he said it was going to be sold, and he should have his share to a halfpenny; in about two or three days after that, he told me it was sold for 6 six-and thirty-shilling-pieces, and he had one of them. I never heard any thing more of it afterwards.

Q. Had you any share of the money?

Yates. No, I had not.

Q. to prosecutor. Where can you suppose it to have been taken from you?

Prosecutor. I suppose it to be taken near the chapple door on the paved stones.

Q. Do you remember giving a shove?

Prosecutor. There were two or three women and a man that fell down; they crowded me very much and I push'd him backwards, it was rather a shove than a blow; a chairman took him up.

Yates. The crowd was great, and Gorman was on the outside ready for running.

Q. Did you see the watch?

Yates. I saw no more than the chain, which I think was gold; to the best of my knowledge there were either two or three seals.

Prosecutor. It was a gold chain, and three seals to it.

Q. from prisoner. What day of the month was the king's birth day?

Yates. I don't know.

Q. from prisoner. What day of the week?

Yates. I did not take particular notice of that.

Q. to prosecutor. What is the value of the watch ?

Prosecutor. About eighty guineas.

Yates. The prisoner told me the chain was gold. I told him I had a right to something out of it; he said no, I had not, for the Covent-garden company did not allow any such thing. I said I stood close by and gave assistance in the thrust.

Q. Explain that?

Yates. I was not one of their gang.

Tho Watson . There was one South and a woman, and another man, who that man was I can't tell; when I saw a crowd I desired them to stand by and let my master the prosecutor ) come along. When my master was in a passion one of them fell down before him; we got through and put my master in the chair. Some time after he missed his watch, when I said it must be taken at that time. Then we went to justice Fielding's. I mentioned South's name and he was sent for, but he denied it.

Prisoner's Defence.

Yates sent for several news papers when he was in Clerkenwell prison last Monday, to see if he could find any thing to prove things to take away the lives of innocent people. I know nothing about it, I am a waiter and have lived in several places in London, but am now out of place.

For the prisoner.

Mary Brown . My mistress's name is Mary White , she lives in Prince's-street, and is a gentlewoman that has a friend or two come to see her. Lawrence Gorman came to our house on the king's birth-day, between ten and eleven o'clock in the forenoon. My mistress was gone to market, and I was washing. I asked him to come in, and he staid till she came home. She invited him to stay dinner, which he did, and was at our house till about six in the evening.

Q. How long have you known him?

M. Brown. I had known him about a month before that.

Q. How long have you lived with your mistress?

M. Brown. About two years on and off; once I lived with her three months together.

Q. How do you distinguish that day from others?

M. Brown. Because my mistress went to market that day, and she never did before, except I went with her.

Q. What day of the month was it?

M. Brown. I can't tell.

Q. Was the prisoner to have any particular dinner that day?

M. Brown. No, he came in the god-speed.

Henry Goaring . The prisoner liv'd with me about five months, I have known him about three years. I have trusted him to receive several hundred pounds for me; he was always honest to me.

Prosecutor. One thing strikes me much, and as it seems to be in favour of the prisoner, I'll beg leave to mention it. I remember Yates the evidence saw me when I went to Hicks's-hall to find the bill; he then said, he knew nothing at all of my person, and did not give so full an account as he has done here, about what passed at St. James's.

Guilty of stealing the watch, but not privately from his person .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Catherine Walker.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-12
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

105. (M.) Catherine wife of Thomas Walker was indicted for stealing one gold watch, value 5 l. the property of Jonathan Jennings , privately from his person , Jan. 18 . ++

Jonathan Jennings . When a man was standing in the pillory at the end of Plumtree-street , I was robbed of my gold watch at the time. I cannot say who took it; they hunch'd me and push'd me about.

Leonard Yates . I was in Monmouth street; there was Mrs. Walker coming along, who said to me, I have just pyked it now. I asked her how Mr. Walker did; she said, he is not in town.

Q. What did she mean by that?

Yates. That was, getting away as fast as she could.

Q. Did you see the prosecutor there?

Yates. To the best of my knowledge I did. She held the watch up, and I saw it in her hand with one seal and one key, whether it was gold or Pinchbeck I know not. She was seen to go in at Mr. Reason's. I saw a mob there, but did not see her go in.

Q. How came she to shew you it?

Yates. Because I knew her and she me.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Gorge.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-13

Related Material

106. (M.) Elizabeth wife of Edward Gorge was indicted for stealing one silver spoon, value 10 s. one silver tea-spoon value 2 s. and one cotton handkerchief , the goods of Tho. Summerson , Jan. 26 . ++

Thomas Summerson . The prisoner came into my house for a penny-worth of beer the 26th of Jan. about eleven at night. I have known her three years. She sat down by the fire to warm herself. I went up to bed and left my wife and this little girl the evidence here with her. The large spoon was then in the bar; the little one in a corner cupboard in the kitchen. I was called up in about ten minutes after, and my wife told me the prisoner had taken a spoon. She accused the prisoner with it. The prisoner said she knew nothing of it, making use of a great deal of ill language. I was tying my garter up by the fire and saw part of the great spoon lying among the ashes. I took it up, and put the poker in the ashes to see for the teaspoon, and found the cotton handkerchief and the tea-spoon there; then I charged a constable with her, and she was committed.

Q. Did you ever hear her confess she had put them in the ashes?

Summerson. No, I did not.

Elizabeth Hawkins . I am servant to the prosecutor; after my master was gone to bed, the prisoner sent me into the kitchen to get some butter, and when I was coming back into the tap room, I saw the prisoner in the bar, with her hand up to the cupboard. I had been gone about three minutes. I had put the large spoon there but a little before my mistress went up stairs. When she came down, I called her on one side and told her what I had seen. She went to the cupboard and missed the table spoon. Then my mistress asked her about it, but she denied it. Then I called my master, who came down. The prisoner had seen me put the tea-spoon that afternoon into a cupboard in the kitchen, so we went to look for that, and that was gone also. When she went before the justice, he asked her if she had been guilty of any thing before. She said no, she never was before that time. I saw the spoons and handkerchief found in the ashes. The spoons and handkerchief produced in court and deposed to.

The constable. I heard the prisoner say before the justice, she never did so before.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of it.

To her Character.

Ann Steele . I have known her seven years. I never knew any harm of her.

Mary Freese . I have known her four years and a half; she has got her bread in a very honest way.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth King.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-14
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

107. (M.) Elizabeth King , spinster , was indicted for stealing one copper pot, value 2 s. the property of James Paterson , Feb. 11 . ++

James Paterson . I keep a publick-house , in York-Buildings . This is my copper pot (producing

one.) It was found upon the prisoner, as I was told. I found it in the Round-house.

Mr. Porter. I was coming out of Buckingham-Street, on the fast-day, about nine in the morning. I saw the prisoner and another woman offering this pot to sale to another woman, that was crying the form of prayer. She said to me as I came by, I am afraid these women have stole this pot, for it is hot. Then I shew'd her a constable's house, and said she would do well to secure them. The constable knowing me, we took the prisoners and carried them before justice Cox. There they said they found it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the pot crossing from Durham Yard to Halfmoon-Street.

Guilty, 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Smith.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-15
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

108. (M.) Mary Smith , otherwise Richardson , spinster , was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 3 s. the property of Lewis Barnett , January 29 . ++

Lewis Barnett . I was told my coat had been just stolen out of my house, as I was at work in another room. I ran out, and in about fifteen minutes met the prisoner. I asked her if she was a dealer. She said, she was. I asked her if she had seen such a coat, describing it. She said, she had seen a person cheapening such a one. I wanted to see what she had in her apron, and there I found my coat. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought the coat of a woman for three shillings, and shew'd him the woman I bought it of. He had hold of her, but let her go, and took me.

Prosecutor. I had them both at my house. The prisoner said then she did not buy it of that woman, so I let her go.

Guilty, 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Tate.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-16
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

109. (M.) Thomas Tate was indicted for stealing one black gelding, value 7 l. the property of Samuel Hill , Jan. 21 . ++

Samuel Hill. On Thursday night, the 20th of January, I lost a black gelding out of my grounds, at Hummerton, near Hackney . On Tuesday, February the 1st, Mr. Charles Harvey delivered the horse to me, and I paid him the money that it appeared he had paid the prisoner for him, by the toll-book, in Smithfield-Market. I really believe the prisoner did not steal my horse, by what I have heard since the indictment has been drawn up.

Acquitted .

Leonard Clark.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-17

Related Material

110. (M.) Leonard Clark was indicted for that he, in a certain place, called St. James's Park, near the king's high way, with a certain pistol which he had, and held in his right hand, on Henry Witherby , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear, and danger of his life, with an intent the money of the said Henry to steal, take, and carry away , Feb. 18 . ++

Henry Witherby . I am a shoe-maker , and live in Castle-Street, Long-Acre. Last Saturday was se'nnight, near ten o'clock, I came through the iron gate from the Broad way, Westminster, and through the Birdcage-walk. Coming by Rosamond's-Pond a man bid me stand.

Q. Was it light or dark?

Clark. It was not moon-light, but I could distinguish his face. I asked him what I must stand for? He said, d - n you stand. I'll blow your brains out, if you do not deliver your money.

Q. Had he any thing in his hand?

Witherby. He had a pistol in his hand. I saw it. I could see a great way off, it was so light. I told him I had no money about me. He said, d - n you, you have. I said again, I had not. Then he said, d - n you, walk away, and take no notice, for if you do I'll blow your brains out. I said, Sir, your Servant. Then I went to the centinel, that was standing very near, and told him of it, and asked him if he did not hear him speak to me. He said, no, he did not. I wanted him to pursue him. He said, he dared not go from his post, and asked why I did not call to him at the time. I said, I dared not for fear he should have done me a mischief. He said, he would give the watch word. I went from him to the centinel, at the stable-yard. He asked me who came there. I said, a friend, did you see a young man come this way with a white coat. He said there were so many went in and out there that he could not tell. Then I told him such a man had put a pistol to my head, and offered to rob me, and I did not think he was got out of the Park yet. He said, the gates are all lock'd, he cannot get out except he comes by this way, or the horse-guards. I had hardly done speaking when the prisoner came. The centinel asked who came there, and he said a friend. I took hold of him (knowing him to be the same person that had stop'd

me) to him, you are the man that wanted she just now. While the centinel had hold I took a pistol out of his pocket; after which he bid me give it him again, that he might blow his own brains out. When the file of musqueteers came to relieve the guard, they took him to the guard-room, and the next morning he was carried before justice Fielding; where I swore he was the same man that attacked me. I am certain he is the same person. He denied the fact. Mr. Fielding asked him how the pistol came to be loaded. He said, he could not tell that it was.

Prisoner. The justice gave him and the soldiers money to take my life away.

Prosecutor. The justice asked me if I had any money to carry on the prosecution. I told him I had not. Then he gave me a guinea, and the two soldiers half a guinea each.

Q. Could you observe whether the prisoner had but one eye?

Prosecutor. I did not so much observe his face then.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am an apprentice now at this time; my master lives just by Covent-Garden. This pistol I found coming through St. James's Park.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Howland.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-18
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

111. (M.) John Howland was indicted for that he, in the dwelling-house of Robert Harper , Esq; on Samuel Harper , gentleman, feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one gold watch, with a shagreen case, and one cornelian seal, set in silver, value 5 l. one guinea, and three shillings, in money number'd, and two pieces of silver, value 2 s. his property , December 28 *.

Samuel Harper. On the 28th of December last, about eight o'clock, I was sitting in my brother Robert Harper 's chamber all alone. Somebody knock'd at the door. I bid them come in. A person came in, and asked for Mr. Robert Harper . I said he was not within, but if he had any thing to say to him he might communicate it to me, and I would acquaint him with it. He went away, and in a very few minutes returned, and without any ceremony came up to the table where I sat, threw down the candle from the table, and put the light out. He then offered a paper, which I suppose was to amuse me while he seized me. He seized me, and demanded my watch and money; which I told him he should have, and gave him the watch, which was a gold one, in a shagreen case, with a cornelian seal to it. I gave him a guinea in gold, three or four shillings in silver, an old shilling, and a square piece of silver, with the marshal De Surely's name on it. Then he threatened greatly what he'd do, if I attempted to hinder his getting off. He went then out at the door, and I bolted it after him, and call'd out thieves, and I believe murder, and every thing I could, to induce people to stop him; but upon hearing no more of him I went to justice Fielding, and described his person. The description was thus: '' A young man, middle size, slender, with something '' remarkable on his face, either a scald or '' small-pox, or other distemper or accident, his '' face being very red.'' * I saw him at justice Fielding's five weeks and a day afterwards. He was taken up by a pawnbroker, in attempting to pawn this watch.

* The prisoner answered all the descriptions, except that of his face.

Q. Did you observe it to be the same person that came the second time?

Harper. I did.

Q. Did you know him then?

Harper. No.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Harper. Yes, I did, very well. He was an apprentice part of his time to a stationer, that is employed to write for me.

Q. Was he disguised?

Harper. From what I observed since, I believe he was. I believe he had some skin or paint put over the lower part of his face.

Q. What did you think with regard to his voice?

Harper. I can't say I could believe it to be his, or any other particular person's voice.

Walter Rotchford . I am a pawnbroker, and live at the corner of Russel-Court. On the 21st of January, about eight in the evening, or a little after, the prisoner brought a watch to me to pawn. (Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor to be the same watch he delivered to the person who demanded it, the 28th of December, &c.) I was in the parlour, and saw the watch delivered to the boy. The prisoner wanted three guineas and a half upon it. I said to the boy bring the book, that is, a book in which we set all the watches down we find advertised to be stolen. There I saw, Lost a gold watch, a shagreen case, name William Wright , but no number. This watch has a number.

I said to the prisoner, how came you by this watch? He said, it was his father's, that he was dead, and his mother had given it to him. I said, here is a watch advertised like this, but no number; this may not be the watch, but it is described very nearly. Then he said, I'll call to morrow morning. I said, it is but a little way to go to enquire, you may as well go with me now. He was going out, and I laid hold on his coat. He said, don't hold me. Going to justice Fielding's, where it was advertised, I took hold of him, and we went hand in hand. About fifty or sixty yards before we got there, he got away from me, about four or five yards. I said, this does not look well to want to run away. Then he said, I beg you will not take me to justice Fielding. I took him there, and the justice sent for Mr. Harper, who came, and swore to the watch in the prisoner's presence. Mr. Fielding asked the prisoner where he had the watch. He said, the person he had it of should be nameless, for reasons best known to himself.

Christopher Potter . I am a watch maker. This watch ( taking it into his hand ) I had of Mr. Harper to clean. I gave it to Mr. Bostock to clean for me, which he did, and I delivered it back to Mr. Harper.

Mr. Bostock. I clean'd this watch for Mr. Potter. The name is William Wright , No. 1238.

Prosecutor. When the prisoner was before justice Fielding, the justice asked him if he had heard of this robbery, or had read the advertisement of this watch. He owned he had, and yet went to pawn it afterwards.

Q. Did you observe what cloaths the person had on that rob'd you?

Prosecutor. I did; and believe the prisoner had the same on, when before the justice.

Prisoner's Defence.

I bought this watch. I'll read a paper how I came by it. (He reads a paper as follows:) '' I '' happened to go to Johnson's coffee-house, in '' Johnson's-Court, Charing Cross, on Friday the '' 17th of January, 1757, in the morning about '' eleven o'clock, where a person sitting opposite '' to me happen'd to read an advertisement of a '' person on Snow-Hill, or Ludgate-Hill, I can't '' say which, giving the full value for any thing '' that was pledged. He said, he thought a watch '' and such things were unnecessary on board a '' ship, and therefore would dispose of them at the '' aforesaid place. I said, I believed they would '' never advance so much money by half, as the '' commodity was worth, and that it was better '' to sell them outright; for as he was going on '' ship board he could not take them out again '' before the time was past, in which they were '' to be redeemed; then they would be unavoidably '' lost. He seem'd to acquiesce to what I said, '' and immediately pull'd out a watch from his '' pocket, and shew'd it me. I said, I am no '' judge, but if we could agree about the price, I '' would buy it of him; so I gave him a written '' direction where to find me, which was at Mr. '' Boyden's, in Plough Court, Fetter-Lane. He '' came to me the Sunday following, and left me '' the watch; saying, he would call again at night. '' He accordingly came, and took the watch '' with him. I put on a pair of shoes, and went '' to him immediately where he ordered, which '' was at the Black-Raven, Fetter-Lane, just '' opposite. I paid him 4 l. 10 s. there for it. I '' have a receipt here to produce for the money. '' That is the same watch which I offered to '' pawn. The name of the person I bought it '' of was John Green. I believe he is now at sea. '' I never saw him before, or since. I have fourteen '' or fifteen persons here to my character.''

To his Character.

Joseph Boyden . I live in Plough-Court, Fetter-Lane.

Q. Do you know one Green?

Boyden. No, I do not.

Q. Do you remember his being at your house with the prisoner?

Boyden. No, I know nothing of his acquaintance. I serv'd my time to the same gentleman that he did part of his. I had employed him about a fortnight before he was taken up, and he behaved extremely well. I look upon him to be a very sober, diligent, honest man. I remember I had been out and heard of this robbery, and when I came home I told him of it, and he seem'd to be very much surprised at it.

Q. Can you be sure whether he was in your house all that night, the time of the robbery?

Boyden. No, I cannot. He wrote by his own choice that night, but whether all night, I can't say. One Sunday I had been to take a walk, and when I came back the prisoner had been writing some skins for me. There hung a yellow watch by him. I asked him what watch that was. He said a young man had lent it to him to write by.

John Richardson . I have known the prisoner from his birth. I never heard any thing amiss of him in my life.

Mr. Winter. The prisoner took a lodging of me about a fortnight after Christmas last; he behaved very honestly, and was very industrious.

Charles Hore . I have known him about ten years. I never heard any body speak ill of him, he is a sober well behaved young fellow.

William Hore . I have known him from his infancy. I never heard any ill of him before this.

Ann Throp . I have known him ever since he was born. I always took him to be as sober a person as ever was born. I never heard the least ill word of him in my life.

Fra. Vaughan. I have known him sixteen years, I never heard any thing amiss of him; he lodged with me about last Michaelmas, and behaved extremely well, he was never out of his lodgings after ten or eleven o'clock.

Acquitted of the robbery.Guilty of felony only .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Gabriel Savoy.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-19

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112. (L.) Gabriel Savoy was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of William Moss , on the 21st of January in the day time, no person being therein, and stealing six silver teaspoons, value 12 s. one silver strainer, value 2 s. two table spoons, value 20 s. one milk pot, value 20 s. one silk gown, one stuff gown, one linen gown, one shirt, one neckcloth, and one pair of stays; the goods of the said William, in his dwelling house . ||

Mary Moss . My husband's name is William, we live in Montague-Court, Little-Britain , he is a paper stainer ; on the 21st of January I went to a house in our court which was in sight of my own door, coming back I stood talking to a neighbour and saw the prisoner come out at my door with a bundle.

Q. Did you leave any body at home?

M. Moss. I left a young woman there, and desired her when she went out to lock the door, and leave the key in a certain place in the window.

Q. How long had you been gone from home?

M. Moss. I believe I was gone about ten minutes, or a quarter of an hour. I asked the prisoner what he did there. He said with some fighting speech, what is that to you. My neighbour said, he has strip'd your room. He ran down the court. I pursued him, and called stop thief. Two men stop'd him, and brought him to me.

Q. Was your street door shut or open?

M. Moss. It was open. The young woman said before the Lord-mayor, she locked my room door when she went away.

Q. Where is she?

M. Moss. She is not here.

Q. What did you lose?

M. Moss. The following things, which we found upon the prisoner, a white gown, a silk gown, a stuff gown, a pair of stays, a shirt, a neckcloth, 6 tea-spoons, 2 table spoons, and a milk pot. He said he would give me all my things if I would let him go, he beg'd for mercy on his knees. I asked him how he got into the room, he said, with his own keys; he had several keys found upon him.

Five keys and two long spike nails produced in court. These I saw found upon him.

Q. Did you try to see if any of them would fit your lock?

M. Moss. I did not try them, he wanted to conceal these keys under my bed.

Richard Nash . I tried these keys, but none of them would fit the lock, but one of these nails seems to have been used in wrenching the door open; there was a mark made much like what this would have made on the door and post.

John Wayman . I was the first man that laid hold of the prisoner. We carried him back to the prosecutor's house, and he deliver'd the things directly; he kneeled down by the bed and fell a crying, then took these keys out of his pocket, and was going to conceal them under the prosecutor's bed; we asked him how he open'd the door, he said with one of his own keys.

John Craft . I was at the bottom of the court, when the woman call'd out stop thief. I pursued him. The other witness took him, and we brought him back, and he delivered the goods to the woman directly; he beg'd to be let go. I went to see for a constable, but could not find one in two parishes. When I came back, I was told they had found the keys; we took him to the Mansion-house and delivered him into Mr. Nash's custody. Upon the woman's saying where she ordered her key to be left, he said he open'd the door with her key.

Q to M. Moss. Where did you find your key?

M. Moss. I found it on the ground afterwards by the bed. It appeared my door had been wrench'd, there was a mark made seemingly with one of these nails.

Q to Nash. Did that mark seem to have been fresh done?

Nash. It did, and in a violent manner.

Q to prosecutrix. What is the value of these goods?

Prosecutrix. The two table spoons cost 13 s. each, the six tea-spoons 18 s. the milkpot 30 s. the strainer half a crown.

Q. Would the other things sell for 20 s.

Prosecutor. I dare say they would and more.

Guilty , Death .

Martha Golding.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-20
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

113. (M.) Martha Golding , widow , was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 1 d. one linen shift, value 1 d. one dimity petticoat, value 6 d. one linen apron, and three linen handkerchiefs, the goods of John Brooks . Four linen shirts value 4 s. the goods of John Bennet . One linen shift , the property of Ann Warricker , spinster , Feb. 9 . ||

Ann Brooks . My husband's name is John Brooks , we live at Bromley; I lost a shirt and a shift, a white dimity petticoat, an apron, and three colour'd handkerchiefs, on the 9th of this month.

Q. Have you ever seen them since?

A. Brooks. I saw them taken out of the prisoner's lap, the same day they were stolen, after she was brought back.

Q. What did she say for herself?

A. Brooks. She said another woman gave them to her.

Nicholas Adams . I keep a public house; a girl belonging to the prosecutor came to my house and said they were rob'd, so one went one way and another another way, to see if we could find the person. I went towards Mile-end, and overtook the prisoner at the bar with the things in her apron. I brought her back to Mr. Bennet's house. The goods produced in court. Ann Brooks deposed to what were her property.

Jos. Bennet. I was not at home, neither do I know the things, but my servant does.

Ann Warricker . I am servant to Mr. Bennet, my master lost four shirts, and I lost a shift (she looks at them) these are the very same.

Prisoner's Defence.

Coming along a woman came out of this place with the things, and desired me to carry them a little way up the road for her, and said she'd give me part of a pint of beer. Mr. Adams came and asked me what I had got. I open'd my lap and shewed him, he said they belonged to the persons. I shew'd him the other woman, and while he was talking to me she got off.

Q. to Adams. Was there another woman with the prisoner?

Adams. There was a woman about twelve yards a head of her. The prisoner told me she had a parcel of rags in her lap. I asked her if the other woman had any more. She told me no. I asked her if she was concerned with her, and she said yes.

Q Did she say the other woman had given them to her?

Adams. No. I sent the two men that were with me after her, but it was dark, and they could not find her.

Ann Warricker . I believe the other woman took them, for I had been to fasten the gate just before I missed them, and I saw another woman just by then.

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

A. Warricker. No, I did not.

Acquitted .

Molly Hains Windsor.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-21
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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114. (M.) Molly Hains Windsor , spinster , was indicted for stealing one mahogany teachest, value 10 s. one quarter of a pound of green tea, one 36 s. piece, and 15 s. and 7 d. in money number'd , the property of Thomas Day , January 17 . ||

Thomas Day . I live in White-Chapple . On the 17th of January I lost a tea chest full of tea, in which was a 36 s. piece, three crown pieces, a silver groat, and a silver three-pence; but was not at home when it was taken away. I had lost some trifling things before, upon which I ordered the prisoner to be turned away. I having known her some time, and had a good character with her, my wife let her be at our house, to lie with my daughter. She having been at our house the day the things were lost, for some linen of her own, and I having a suspicion of her, took her up. She confessed the fact, and carried me to the place where she had broke the tea-chest open, and threw it into a horse-pond, and the people of the place had taken it out, returned it to me, and a guinea that stuck in a crack, which the prisoner did not see.

Q. Did she own the taking the money out of the chest?

Day. She did. (The tea-chest produced in court broken, and deposed to.)

Walter Macaulay . I was the officer of the night, and was ordered to take charge of the prisoner. She confessed the fact, and told us where she had thrown the chest. (The rest as the former witness.)

Prisoner's Defence.

I am just come from out of the country, and have no friend here.

Guilty . Recommended.

[Branding. See summary.]

William Barnard.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-22
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

115. (M.) William Barnard was indicted for stealing three gowns, value 27 s. one a tin hat, value 2 s. one linen quilt, value 13 s. two cloth coats, two waistcoat, one callimanco gown, two pair of breeches, value 6 s. eight pewter plates. one copper tea kettle, one handkerchief, one pair of silver buckles, one silver tea spoon, one linen shirt, and three linen aprons, the goods of Thomas Hewips , and one cloth coat, the property of Joseph Davis , in the dwelling house of Thomas Hewips , January 27 . ||

Thomas Hewips . I live in Rosemary-Lane . On the 28th of January I lost two coats, two waistcoats, two pair of breeches, a silk gown, a stuff gown, a linen gown, eight pewter plates, a copper tea-kettle, a pair of silver shoe-buckles, a silver tea-spoon, a bed quilt, an old cloaths bag, a shirt, a shift, a cotton handkerchief, a pair of thread stockings, and a napkin. I can't tell who took them, but I found the shirt upon the prisoner. He lay in my house that night I lost them. We found the goods again. Some were sold in Monmouth Street, some in Pepper Alley, and some in St. Giles's. (Produced in court.)

George Hartley . I live in Monmouth-Street, and deal in old cloaths. I bought two coats, one waistcoat, and two pair of breeches of the prisoner at the bar. He said, his wife was dead, and he was going on board a man of war, to be a baker. (Prosecutor taking them from the rest says, these are my property.) I might have bought the plates and tea-kettle of him.

William Pirkin . I live in Pepper-Alley, have known the prisoner several years, and have bought several things of him. He brought this tea kettle and plates to my house, and said his wife was dead, that he was going to sea, and he had rather bring them to me than any body else. He was a master baker in the Borough. I bought these things of him.

Prosecutor. This tea-kettle and these plates are my property.

Prisoner. My brother-in-law is the man that prosecutes me, and this certainly is done out of spight. I was going to work in the morning, and met a soldier with a bundle on his head. I had seen him at Windsor. He asked me to go in and drink. He said, he had got a few things to dispose of, and I could sell them better than he. As far as I can understand, he was at my brother's house all that day.

Q. to prosecutor. Did a soldier come to your house that day?

Prosecutor. There was a man came in a soldier's dress. He came from Blackwall, with a message from a taylor. He said, he believed the sailor to be my brother-in-law. When he went away, he went out at one door, and I at the other. When my wife and I came home we found the key in the door, and we missed the things mentioned.

Q. Did you leave the key in the door at going out?

Prosecutor. That was left over the street-door for me. The soldier did not see the key laid there. Here is one that can prove the soldier did not take the things away.

Ann Tyres . I live in Blue-Anchor yard, Rosemary-Lane. I was washing some stockings out (my blind was at the window) when a man went by with a parcel. He made a blow at the window. I ran out, and saw it was a short man, with a light colour'd coat on. ( Such was the prisoner's.)

Q. What time was this?

A. Tyres. The clock struck three in the afternoon just as he was gone by.

Q. What time of the day was the soldier there?

Prosecutor. He was there about eleven in the forenoon. He was a tall man, with his hair tuck'd under his hat.

Carolina Keen . I live in Pepper-Alley. I bought a handkerchief of a man in a light colour'd coat, between six and seven o'clock in the evening. I can't say the prisoner is the man. He had a bag with something in it, like a biscuit bag.

Prosecutor. This handkerchief is my property.

Dorothy Fair . I live in St. Giles's. I bought a napkin, a towel, a pair of stockings, and two aprons of the prisoner. He told me his wife was dead. He had a bag with a tea-kettle in it. (The prosecutor's wife deposed to the things mention'd.)

Prisoner. She is my sister. She lent me the shirt herself, that I had on.

Prosecutrix. I lent him a shirt when he was in Newgate before, but none since. It is what he has now on.

For the Prisoner.

William Pirkin . I know he has been a master baker, and kept a publick-house in our neighbourhood, and that he lived with Mr. Reed. I never heard any thing amiss of his character before this.

Q. Was you ever call'd upon before to give him a character?

Pirkin. No, never.

Prisoner. Ask my sister my character.

Mary Hewips. I can't say I know a vast deal of him. I never heard any thing before the last fault, which was the time I lent him the shirt.

John Bass . I have known him a great many years. He had always a very good character, as far as ever I knew. He is a baker by trade. He once was my fellow-servant.

Q. Did you never hear any ill of him?

Bass. I never knew any of my own knowledge, what he is here for I don't know. I did not know of his being here, till I was call'd down from dinner just now.

John Baker . I have known him about sixteen or seventeen years. He had always a very good character. I never heard no other of him.

Q. Have you heard any thing how he has lived of late?

Baker. No, I have not.

Q. Was you called to his character last sessions ?

Baker. I was; but I forgot it till now.

Q. to Bass. Have you heard how he has lived of late?

Bass. I have not.

Q. Did not you know that he was tried here last sessions?

Bass. I believe I did hear he was.

Guilty, 39 s.

[See his trial last sessions, No. 88. for stealing bread, for which he was publickly whipped.]

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Hardwidge, Edward Woods.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-23
VerdictsGuilty; Guilty
SentencesDeath; Transportation

Related Material

116. 117. (M.) William Hardwidge and Edward Woods , were indicted, the first for stealing three bank notes, one for the payment of 300 l. another 30 l. the other 25 l. the same being then due and unpaid , the property of George Warren , Esq ; in the chambers of James Cecil , and the other for receiving the 300 l. note, well knowing it to have been stolen , January 29 .*

George Warren. On the 28th of last month being Friday, betwixt twelve and one o'clock, I went to Mr. Cecil's chambers in the Temple. Mr. Wilson his clerk informed me he was not there, and ask'd me if I had any particular business with him. I told him I believed he could do the business as well. It is only to lay two informations against a man that had been very troublesome in the country. Mr. Cecil is solicitor to the association of gentlemen for the preservation of the game. Mr. Wilson told me he did not recollect me. I told him I had not given in my subscription myself, but I would shew him Mr. Cecil's last receipt. I pull'd out a little red pocket book, in which was the receipt for the subscription money, and shewed it him. Then I put it in again and pull'd out the two informations. After I had finished my business with him, I went and walk'd in the Park, and then home; then I dressed myself and went to the play. At the play I missed my pocket book, which I recollected I had left at Mr. Cecil's.

Q. Where do you live?

Warren. I live in Grosvenor street I came immediately home and wrote to Mr. Cecil, that I had left my pocket book and a stick in his room, and desired he'd send some careful person early in the morning to look for it, before the maid had been in it, and I would be with him punctually at ten. I call'd upon him at the time appointed next morning, and he return'd the stick to me, but said he saw nothing of the pocket book, and said he had search'd the room very carefully. I went from thence immediately to the Bank to stop the 300 l. note, being the only one of the three that I could recollect. (They were all in my pocket book.) In my return home I call'd at Mr. Cecil's again, he was not then in his chambers, but Mr. Wilson was. I told him I thought it was very odd they did not see my pocket book. He said I don't remember you had a pocket book here. I said, Sir, to convince you I had a pocket book, do you remember my shewing you the receipt for the association subscription. Said he, now I do remember that you pull'd out a little red pocket book; from thence I went home and endeavoured to find out the numbers of the other two notes.

Q. What was the number to the 300 l. note?

Warren. That was 104; as soon as I had learn'd the number of one of them, which I imagined I had from Mr. Shad a jeweller (this was the 25 l. note.) I advertised that and the 300 l. note, and the other the number forgot. I think in a day or two after this Mr. Cecil's clerk came to me with a letter that he had receiv'd from the prisoner at the bar. The purport of which was, '' That he was going abroad, and was sorry he '' could not bring the key of the chamber himself, '' being in such a hurry.''

Q. What was the prisoner?

Warren. He was another clerk in the office. I told Mr. Wilson when I return'd from the Bank, that I had stopt the payment of the 300 l. note; at that time I said to him, if you remember, there was a person writing at the other end of the room, (which was the prisoner at the bar). I went immediately with Mr. Wilson to Mr. Fielding, who

examined the porter who brought the key and letter from the prisoner Hardwidge; from which we had great grounds to suspect the prisoner. Then Mr. Fielding proceeded in a very judicious manner, and the prisoner was apprehended in a day or two after at Windsor. There was found upon him 200 l. in bank notes, some money, a watch and some silver spoons, which the justice return'd to me; there was likewise some money found upon Woods, who was taken with him.

Cross Examination.

Q. Can you be certain you did not drop the pocket book upon the stairs, after you had been in the room?

Warren. I am positive I left it in the office, and I shew'd Mr. Wilson how I left it upon the table.

Q. Who was sitting at the table when you put it down there?

Warren. Mr. Wilson was, and the prisoner Hardwidge was sitting at a desk at the upper end of the room.

Q. Did he stir from his seat when you was there?

Warren. No, he did not, I saw so little of him that I thought him to be a boy.

Q. If any body had come there and Mr. Wilson continued there, was it possible any body could come and take it without his seeing them take it?

Warren. Yes, because I put it behind the desk.

Robert Wilson . I am clerk to Mr. Cecil; on the 28th of January between twelve and one, capt. Warren came to his chambers; I and the prisoner Hardwidge were there; he produced two informations to me, which he said he had of his steward in the country. On my looking them over I found I could not bring any action upon them, because they were out of time. Then the captain put them into his pocket book again; we had some discourse how they should be drawn in case the steward should find any others. Then he produced me a receipt for his last year's subscription, and in a little time after he went away, I can't charge my memory with the pocket book at all.

Q. What day of the week was it?

Wilson. It was on a Friday, and Mr. Cecil was attending the house of lords. When he came in the morning he produced a letter from capt. Warren, wherein he said he left a book upon the desk. About half an hour past nine on Monday morning, a porter came to our chambers with a letter and the key of the chamber.

Q. Do you know whose writing it was?

Wilson. I have it here, I know it to be the prisoner's writing. The contents were to this purport.

Monday morning.

'' Sir, The bearer hereof will give the key of '' the chambers. I am oblig'd to set out some time '' to day to go abroad with a gentleman. I have '' not had time, or I should have brought it before.

Your humble servant, William Hardwidge .''

I ask'd the porter where he brought the letter from; he said from a gentleman in Cheapside opposite Bow-church. I ask'd what sort of a person gave it him. He describ'd him so that I by that knew it to be the prisoner. I said, it is proper to know where you live, that I may fetch you again, if I should want you. He told me, and I took it down in writing. When I shew'd Mr. Cecil this letter, he desir'd me to go to the capt. about it; so I fetch'd the porter nam'd Robert Cook ; and by that means on Tuesday morning the prisoner was taken. The justice examin'd him; he said, he found a pocket-book upon the stair-case, in which was contain'd a 300 l. bank note, that he took it out and burnt the book. He denied there being any other note; but upon Mr. Fielding's telling him it was much better to tell the truth, as it was an offence of a high nature, he own'd the other two notes, and that he had chang'd them, but where I cannot tell now.

Q. Do you know any thing with relation to any knowledge Hardwidge has of Woods?

Wilson. Woods has come to our chambers several times to him, but not lately.

Q. When was the last time?

Wilson. The last time was about a month ago; he ask'd for Hardwidge, but he was not there at that time.

Q. Had they used to converse together?

Wilson. They had, but they hardly continued together above five or six minutes.

Cross Examination.

Q. Who quitted the chamber first, Hardwidge or you, that day Mr. Warren was there?

Wilson. Mr. Hardwidge did.

Q. Did he come near your desk, before he went away?

Wilson. I don't know that he did.

Q. If he had, should you have seen him?

Wilson. No doubt but I should.

Q. Was it possible for him to have taken the book away from the desk, and you not have seen him?

Wilson. He goes away to dinner at one, and returns at three; and I go at two, and return at four; he might have come and taken away the book at three, when I was gone; he had a key of the chambers.

Q to prosecutor. Where did you lay the book?

Prosecutor. I laid it down on the table behind the desk where Mr. Wilson sat, near the window.

Q to Wilson. Could the prisoner, when he sat at his desk, see any thing upon that table, or the desk?

Wilson. A person might see the desk, but not that part towards the window.

Q to prosecutor. Did you put it under any paper out of sight?

Prosecutor. No, I did not, but I put it on that part near the window.

Q to Wilson. What time did you return to the chambers that afternoon?

Wilson. At four o'clock.

Q. Might not the prisoner have been at the door when you was absent, without your knowledge?

Wilson. He might.

Prosecutor. The prisoner acknowledg'd before the justice he had been to the door, and he found the book on the stairs at three o'clock, that it was so dark that he could not distinguish what it was at first, and he return'd without going in.

Q to Wilson. Did you see the book on the staircase when you went away at two o'clock?

Wilson. No, I did not.

Q. Is it a very dark stair-case?

Wilson. It is.

Q to prosecutor. Were there any other things in your pocket book?

Prosecutor. There were two or three other little promisory notes from people that I had lent a little money to, and a card with some message upon it, a letter, and some trifling things.

Q to Wilson. How long has the prisoner been with Mr. Cecil?

Wilson. He has been there above two years.

Q. What is his general character ?

Wilson. He has as fair a character as any in England, no man a better.

Daniel Remey . The two prisoners at the bar came to my shop in Newport-alley. (I am a leather-seller ) on the 29th of January between eleven and twelve o'clock. Woods ask'd to see some goods; he was a customer to me before.

Q. What is he?

Remey. He is a leather breeches-maker. I shew'd him some, and he ask'd to see a pretty large quantity of good s.

Q. Had he used to buy such quantities ?

Remey. No, he used to buy smaller quantities; he is what we call a chamber master. I ask'd him if he was going to set up; he told me he was. I ask'd where; he said he believ'd at Windsor; he said, the person's master that was then with him had lent him 40 l. to buy goods with. After Woods had look'd over several goods, Hardwidge said see what these goods come to, for we are to lay out no more than 40 l by my master's order. So I took a pen and ink, and just rough cast them up; they came to 38 l. and upwards; upon which Hardwidge told Woods that was near the sum his master order'd him to lay out, and he would have him look at no more. Woods comply'd with it; then they tender'd me a bank note of 300 l. to change, to take my money, and order'd me to make a bill of parcels and a receipt.

Q. Did you look at the number of the note?

Remey. I did, it was 104.

Q. Which of them tender'd the note?

Remey. Woods did.

Q. Did he receive it of the other prisoner?

Remey. No, not in my sight. Hardwidge desired I would not give them all the change in cash, for his master desir'd to have a note. Then I laid down a note for 200 l. and another for 50 l. and 50 l. in cash; it was taken up by Hardwidge from off the counter, who took up the receipt also, and said he'd go and shew his master what money he had laid out, and went away and left Woods to pack up the goods.

Q. Did he tell you who his master was?

Remey. He did, and spelt the name to me Wm. Goats, Esq; he said, he liv'd at Windsor. That I wrote on the back of the note. I carried it to the Bank; the entering clerk is here to whom I shew'd it.

The note produced in court, and read.

No. 104. Wrote on the back of it Esquire Goats, Jan. 29, 1757.

The note was dated Nov. 22, 1756.

Robert Cook . I received a letter and a key of the prisoner Hardwidge, on a Monday, about half an hour after eight in the morning. I do not know the day of the month.

Q. Where is that letter?

Cook. Mr. Wilson has the letter. I carried that and the key to him.

Hardwidge's Defence.

On the 28th of January, about half an hour after two o'clock, going to my master's chambers, on the second pair of stairs I pick'd up a letter-case. I directly returned to my lodgings. I looked in it, and found three bank notes; one for 300 l. one 30 l. and one for 25 l. One of them Mr. Woods and I changed at the leatherseller's. There were some notes advertised in some paper, but they were quite different from what I found. Mr. Warren says in the Advertiser for the 1st of February, he lost two; one of 300 l. No. 1041. The No. I found was 104. The two other notes I found, one was No. 33, and the other 3, D. The captain says he lost a pocket book, but I found a letter case. I never was near Mr. Wilson's desk from the time the captain was in the chambers, nor was the captain near mine.

Woods's Defence.

Hardwidge and I have been acquainted four or five years. I was at his wife's room. He came in with this letter case, and said, he had found it upon Mr. Cecil's stair-case. We went to Ludgate-Hill, and there changed a small note, to pay a small debt which I owed at Windsor. Then he changed the 30 l. note in St. Paul's Church-Yard, at a silver-smith's. After that, he consented to give me 40 l. to put me into a way of business, I having fail'd a little before. I told him I thought that would not be enough, and said, if he would give me 50 l. I would change the note. Then he gave me 10 l. more. I know no farther than that the thing was found. I intended to settle at Windsor, and went there to ask several people for their custom.

For the Prisoners.

William Turrel . I have known Hardwidge about five years. He was a writer to Mr. Brookland at Windsor, during which time he behaved well, and when he sent him to town, he desired I would recommend him to a place (he behaved so well) and said he would be answerable for his honesty.

Robert Taylor . I came from Mr. Brookland's in April, 1752. The prisoner was there when I was, and to my knowledge he was trusted largely there. We received gentlemens rents in the country, and he always gave a true account. While he was there he had it in his have wrong'd his master, if he had been so minded Woods came to me, and asked me for my custom, and said he was going to set up.

John Goldwing . I have known Hardwidge about twelve years. He is a very honest, sober man. I recommended him to Mr. Brookland. I was backwards and forwards, and saw him often; I never heard any thing amiss of him before this.

Q. Have you known him lately?

Goldwing. I have not, within these two years.

William Stratford . I have known Hardwidge six years.

Q. What is his general character?

Stratford. He has a very good character. I was with Mr. Brookland the same time he was.

Thomas Felts . I have known Hardwidge seven or eight years. He always behaved very well. Mr. Woods once lodged with me at Windsor. He is a very honest man.

John Churchil . I have known Hardwidge ten years.

Q. Have you known him within these two years last past?

Churchil. No, I have not.

James Cecil . Hardwidge has been with me about two years. He behaved extremely well, very soberly, and very honestly, till this happened. I always looked upon him to be an honest young man.

Prosecutor. The young man seems to have an extreme good character from all that I have heard of him; but for my part I know nothing of him.

Hardwidge guilty , Death .

Woods, guilty .

[Woods: Transportation. See summary.]

Paul Allard.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-24

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118. (M.) Paul Allard was indicted for stealing 17 s. in money number'd , the money of Thomas Nichols , Jan. 31 . +

Thomas Nichols . I live in St. John's parish , Westminster, and am a victualler . The prisoner is a drummer , and was quarter'd upon me. I had missed my money several times out of my till. On the 31st of January last I left 13 s. and 6 d. in silver in it, in the morning.

Q. Did you use to keep the till lock'd?

Nichols. I did always.

Q. Where was your till?

Nichols. It was in the bar, betwixt the publick room and the back room. I went backwards to serve a man with a bushel of coals (the prisoner was sitting by the fire in the tap-room ) and when I came back again, I asked him if any body had been there. He said, nobody at all. I had bolted

the bar door as I went out. Then I went and look'd in my till, and found but nine shillings and six-pence.

Q. Did you find the till lock'd when you returned ?

Nichols. I did.

Q. How long before had you seen the money ?

Nichols. About a quarter of an hour before. He said he was going upon guard. He went away, and returned, seemingly in liquor. The next morning he got up as soon as I opened the house. I had a suspicion of him the day before. There was a woman came in for half a peck of coals. I left him by the fire side again, bolted the bar door, and took the key and put it in the back room upon the table, as I had done the day before. As soon as the woman came backwards, I bid her go to the shed. I returned directly to the back door, and heard the prisoner in the bar. He was feeling with one hand, to see if the till was open, and with the other feeling for the key. I said, so Paul, are you the person that has rob'd me all this time ? He said, no master; I never rob'd you in all my life time. I said, what business have you to come here to the till? Then he would not speak, so I sent for a constable. He said, '' Master, '' if you will let me go upon my guard, I'll pay '' you so much a week out of my pay.''

Q. Waat sum did he mention?

Nichols. He did not mention any sum?

Q. Did he say for what ?

Nichols. No. We took him to justice Carkess's, and he was not up. Then we went to the Two-Brewers, in Strutton's-Ground. There the justice's clerk desired him to go along with me into the back room, if he did not care to speak before the people. There he said, he believed he did not rob me of above 17 s. I said, I believe I have missed more than that. He said, he rob'd me four times. I asked him how much he took at a time. He said, to the best of his knowledge, the first time he took 4 s. the next time 2 s. 6 d. the next 6 s. 6 d. and the last time 4 s. that was the day before.

William Waine . I am a constable. When we were at the house waiting for the justice, I heard him tell Mr. Nichols how much he had rob'd him of, which was about 17 s. at four different times. Mr. Nichols desired me to come and hear it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I never took a farthing out of the till in my life.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Knight.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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119. (M.) Elizabeth Knight , spinster , was indicted for stealing one pair of womens stays, value 10 s. the property of Sarah Hinman , Jan. 14 . ||

Sarah Spratt . I keep the White-Hart, a publick-house, in Catherine-Street, in the Strand . The prisoner was servant to me one week. She went away on the 14th of January, and I missed a pair of stays. I challenged her with taking them, having no other body in the house but she, my husband, and two daughters.

Q. Whose stays were they?

S. Spratt. They are my daughter's property, named Sarah Hinman . I took the prisoner up on suspicion. On the 15th we found out the girl that pawned them for her, so got them again.

Mary Radoway . The prisoner sent me with a pair of stays to pawn for her for a crown. She said, they were her own. I pawned them, and gave her the money. (Produced in court.) These are the same stays that I pawned.

Q. to S. Spratt. Look at them, do you know them?

S. Spratt. These are the property of my daughter.

William Pope . I was sent by Mr. Fielding to the pawnbroker for the stays, and he delivered them to me.

Prisoner's Defence.

My prosecutrix keeps a very bad house. There was cursing and swearing, playing at cards, and gaming in it, and I did not like it, so I went away.

Q. to prosecutrix. Did you turn her away, or did she go away?

Prosecutrix. She went away. I keep a very honest house, though we live in that neighbourhood.

M. Radoway. My master keeps four houses, one is in Drury-Lane. The prisoner came there and lay with a soldier all night, and paid six-pence for their bed. She said she was short of money, so sent me to pawn the stays.

To her Character.

Jane Digery . The prisoner lived with me two months ago. I keep the Green-Man and French-Horn in Bow-Street, Covent-Garden. She was recommended by a cousin of mine. She served me justly and honestly.

Sarah Pow . I live in Holbourn, facing St. Andrew's-Church. My husband is a chocolate maker. I have known the prisoner about eight years.

Q. What is her general character?

S. Pew. I know no ill of her. She has lived with me some years, on and off. She behaved just and honest as far as I know. I recommended her to Jane Digery as a servant.

Q. to J. Digery. How came the prisoner to go from you?

J. Digery. I had no occasion for a servant any longer.

William Lowen . I believe I have known her above two years and a half. She lived with me, but I am not certain how long. To the best of my knowledge it was about three quarters of a year. She was very sober, and very honest.

Q. How long ago is it since she lived with you?

Lowen. It is not quite a year and a half ago.

William Smith . I live in Clerkenwell. I have known her ever since she was born. She is very honest, and of very honest parents.

Acquitted .

Richard Hughes.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-26

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120. (L.) Richard Hughes , taylor , was indicted for feloniously forging and counterfeiting a letter of attorney, signed Benjamin Hughes , purporting to be sealed and executed by him, he being at that time a proprietor of shares of joint stock of South-sea annuities, and for publishing the same, with an intent to defraud . It was laid over again to be done with an intent to defraud Benjamin Hughes : And it was laid also, with intent to defraud persons, to the jurors unknown , Apr. 9 .*

Jeremiah Pratt. I am a clerk for making of letters of attorney, and registering of wills, in the South-sea office. (A book produced.)

Q. What do you call this book ?

Pratt. This is call'd a ledger, for entering accounts for part of the proprietors, under such names, in alphabetical order.

Q. Do you see there the name of Mr. Benjamin Hughes ?

Pratt. I do.

Q. At what time had he any stock there?

Pratt. In the year 1754, the 25th of October, there was transfer'd to him nineteen hundred and forty pounds.

Q. What stock do you call it ?

Pratt. Joint stock of South-sea annuities.

Q. Was any part of that transfer'd ?

Pratt. Yes, there was; on the 19th of October, 1754, 440 l. and in 1756, April 9, 500 l. and the 14th of May following 100 l. and upon the same day another 100 l. and on the 16th of November following 300 l.

Q. Before the 29th of March, 1756, how much stock was there of Mr. Benjamin Hughes ?

Pratt. Then there were fifteen hundred pounds.

Q. Are you the person that, in general, makes out the letters of attorney on these occasions.

Pratt. I am in general, with others.

Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?

Pratt. I do.

Q. Did he apply to you at any time for a letter of attorney?

Pratt. Yes, he did.

Q. When was it that he applied?

Pratt. Some time about April, or the begining of May.

Q. Do you remember what he said then?

Pratt. No, nothing more, then that he came for a letter of attorney.

Q. Did he apply to you?

Pratt. I can't say he apply'd particularly to me, there were three of us in the office when he came.

Q. Who did he come with?

Pratt. He came with Mr. Lind the broker.

Q. Did you make the letter of attorney?

Pratt. No, it was made by another in the office.

Q. Look upon the date of this letter of attorney, he takes it in his hand.

Pratt. This is dated the 29th of March 1756.

Q. Do you remember the second time of the prisoner's coming after it was fill'd up?

Pratt. No doubt but he staid and took it with him, when it was made.

Q. Are there ready printed blanks?

Pratt. There are, which we keep on purpose by us.

Q. Is that in your hand one of your letters of attorney?

Pratt. It is.

Q. Where was it deliver'd to him?

Pratt. It was in the office, I know nothing of the returning it after that. The application to us must be in the month of April, because this is dated the 29th of March.

Q. Do you date them the day they come for them?

Pratt. It very often is done, and very often left undone; I apprehend this was fill'd up at the same time, it being the same hand-writing, and it appears to me it was in March he came first.

Cross Examination.

Council. You say on the 25th of October, 1754 there was 1940 l. transfer'd to Mr. Benjamin Hughes ; who was that transfer'd by?

Pratt. By Sir Thomas Birch and others.

Q. By turning back can you see whose it was before it was Sir Thomas Birch 's and others? Did it not belong to one John Hughes , they being left in trust for him?

Pratt. If you would know whose it was before it came into the hands of Sir Tho Birch , I don't know, because we must look into other books for that.

Q. Are you certain the prisoner took the letter of attorney away with him?

Pratt. No, I am not.

Council for prisoner. Where is the other book?

Council for Crown. We have brought the book you gave us notice to bring.

James Ryder . I am in the letter of attorney office, in South-sea annuities.

Q. Look at this letter of attorney, do you know it?

Ryder. I do, the hand-writing of the filling up is mine, I fill'd it up on the 29th of March 1756.

Q. Upon what occasion did you fill it up?

Ryder. By somebody's application to me, I don't know who.

Q. to Pratt. Who apply'd to Mr. Ryder to fill that letter of attorney?

Pratt. Richard Hughes did; he came into the office along with Mr. Lind, and apply'd for it.

Q. Is it usual in your office, when letters are apply'd for, to fill them up in the office?

Ryder. It is.

Q. What is the course of the office in regard to their being attested?

Ryder. They are attested by the minister of the parish where the party lives, and the two churchwardens; or two justices of the peace, that is an order we have.

Q. Did the person take away the letter of attorney who came for it at the same time ?

Ryder. I really believe he did, because we seldom let them lie with us; in general they wait and take them away with them.

Q. What becomes of those letters of attorney when the transfer is made under them?

Ryder. We file them up, where we may have recourse to them at once, upon any account.

Q. By what method do you proceed with them?

Ryder. We have a committee of clerks to see whether they have varied by their hand-writing, or whether properly attested, before the letter is made use of.

Q. How do you know the hand-writing?

Ryder. By finding out the hand of the proprietor (if he has accepted the stock) for he must have accepted the stock before he can transfer it, and that is in our book.

Q. What care was taken with regard to this letter?

Ryder. (Looks at it) This was allow'd by comparing the transfer with it, and being well known to Mr. Lind.

Q. How d o you know that?

Ryder. It is so express'd in writing; there is an examination made the day before, and if there is sufficient evidence, the thing is done.

Cross Examination.

Q. Who apply'd to you for this letter of attorney?

Ryder. I really can't tell. I made all the three out, but don't know the persons; we have so many come of that sort of business, I can't recollect them all.

Council for the Crown. When were the other two made out?

Ryder. I made them out since.

N. B. The second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-26

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 23d, Thursday the 24th, Friday the 25th, and Saturday the 26th of FEBRUARY,

In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER III. PART II. for the YEAR 1757. Being the Third SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street. 1757.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Adam Anderson . I AM one of the committee for passing letters of attorney. They all must be passed by three of the clerks.

Q. What method do you take in order thereto?

Anderson. There are two or three methods, as by comparing of hands by the transfer book, or by having a person of credit that knows the party; these are the two usual methods.

Q. Look upon this letter of attorney ?

Anderson. (He takes it in his hand.) Here is my name, of my own signing, upon it.

Q. What was that put to it for?

Anderson. In order for this man to transfer the stock.

Q. In what method was that judged of, in order to pass it?

Anderson. It was by the hand-writing being compared with the transfer name, and the person well known to Mr. Lind the broker. The pass of it is my hand-writing.

Cross examination.

Q. Do you know who produced the letter, in order to be passed?

Anderson. I can give no positive answer to that. We found it ready in the room to pass. The person that might be the attorney brings it in, and desired it may be passed; that is the customary way.

Thomas Pitt . I am one of the examiners. (He looks upon it.) This is my hand-writing. We of that committee take all the care we can in comparing the hand-writing, and inquiring of creditable people that know the person. I don't know that the wisdom of Solomon could find out a better method for caution than ours.

Q. What becomes of the letter of attorney after it is past ?

Pitt. Then it is filed up in the office.

Q. Is there any similitude in the hands?

Pitt. There is a great similitude.

Joseph Lind . I know Richard Hughes the prisoner.

Q. Do you remember, any time in the latter end of March, your going to the South-sea house?

Lind. No, nothing at all in March, to take the letter of attorney out. On the 8th of April last he met me at the South-sea house, about twelve o'clock, and brought a power of attorney, and said he had a power of attorney to sell 500 l. of his uncle's old South-sea annuities.

Q. Look at this power of attorney.

Lind. I never look'd at it. It is not my business. Said I, you must leave this power of attorney to be properly examined by the clerks of the company, and I'll sell the annuities, and come tomorrow by twelve o'clock, and every thing shall be ready for your transfering it. I went to a person and said, a friend of mine has a power of attorney to sell 500 l. of old South-sea annuities. I went with the prisoner into the office, and saw him leave the letter of attorney, and after that it passed by the clerks of the company, who compare them, to see if they are forged, or the like. I sold it that day to Benjamin Webb , but it was transfer'd to his brother William Webb , the next day. Benjamin brought it for William.

Q. Did you attend the next day?

Lind. I did, and put in the transfer.

Q. Did you see the prisoner transfer it?

Lind. I did.

Q. What are you?

Lind. I am a broker in that way.

Q. When it is transfer'd, what becomes of the letter of attorney?

Lind. It is left in the office. The attorney never has it any more.

Q. Look at the entering in this book.

Lind. (He takes it in his hand.) This name Richard Hughes on it, the prisoner wrote in my presence.

Q. Is your name to it as a witness ?

Lind. It is.

Part of the transfer read to this purport:

' I Richard Hughes , by virtue of a letter of ' attorney from Benjamin Hughes , of Harbourn, ' in Staffordshire, dated March 29, 1756, do in ' the name, and on the behalf of the said Benjamin ' Hughes, assign and transfer to William Webb , ' his executors, administrators, and assigns 500 l. ' of his share in the joint stock of South-sea annuities, ' and all benefits arising thereby. Witness ' my hand the 9th of April, in the year of our ' Lord 1756.

Richard Hughes .'

' Witness Joseph Lind , Benjamin Webb , James Ryder .'

Q. Upon this transfer was there any money paid ?

Lind. Yes, there was.

Q. Who paid that?

Lind. It was either paid by me or Mr. Benjamin Webb ; I can't be clear in that. It is common when I have sold a person some stock for them to give me the money to pay it. I either saw him pay it, or paid it myself.

Q. Who was it paid to?

Lind. It was paid to Richard Hughes , the prisoner at the bar, as the purchase-money.

Q. How much was paid?

Lind. Four-hundred and forty-eight pounds, fifteen shillings. It was sold for 89 3-4ths, that was then the market price.

Cross examination.

Q. When was this found originally created?

Lind. I don't know.

Pitt to the same question. It was in the year 1723. Then there were sixteen millions in old annuities.

Q. to Pitt. Can you tell whose this was before ?

Pitt. I can't on my own knowledge. I heard say it was Sir Thomas Birch 's before.

Council for the crown. We have here Mr. Benjamin Webb , and Mr. Ryder, the two other subscribing witnesses; but as there will be no occasion we will not call them.

The reverend Mr. Thomas Green is call'd.

Q. What is your name?

Green. My name is Thomas Green.

Q. Look upon this letter of attorney. (He takes it in his hand.) You see the name Green there, what do you call that?

Green. It is here Edward Green, rector.

Q. What are you?

Green. I am vicar of the parish of Harbourn.

Q. Is that name, Edward Green, your handwriting?

Green. No, it is not.

Q. Are not you rector ?

Green. No, I am not.

Q. Do you know any one of the name of Edward Green, that is a rector?

Green. No, I do not. I am the only person of that name there.

Q. How long have you been vicar there?

Green. More than twenty-four years.

Q. Do you know the other two names that purport to be churchwardens.

Green. I know neither of them. There have been no churchwardens of those names in my time.

Q. How do you know that?

Green. I generally enter the names of the churchwardens in the book myself upon Easter-day, which is the time of electing churchwardens in that parish.

Q. Do you recollect who were churchwardens the time of the date on the letter of attorney, which is 1755?

Green. The churchwardens in the year 1755 are churchwardens in the year 1756; for they are so till the other churchwardens that succeed them are sworn into the office. Thomas Anson and Richard Smith were churchwardens at that time and for two years.

Q. Were there any such parishioners as the names on the letter of attorney?

Green. The names here are George Philips and Edward Halsey . There are no such parishioners as I know of.

Q. Do you know Benjamin Hughes ?

Green. I do, and have a great many years.

Q. Have you seen him write?

Green. I have.

Q. Look upon the name, Benjamin Hughes , on the letter of attorney.

Green. I really can't say whether this is his hand-writing or not; it is wrote very much like his.

Q. What do you judge about it?

Green. I can judge nothing at all.

James Richards . I know Mr. Benjamin Hughes .

Q. Where do you live?

Richards. I live at Harbourn, in the county of Stafford.

Q. How long have you been acquainted with Mr. Hughes?

Richards. Above forty years.

Q. Have you seen him write?

Richards. I have often seen him write, and have been acquainted with his hand writing for eight years.

Q. Look at that name, Benjamin Hughes , on the letter of attorney, do you believe it to be his hand-writing ?

Richards. I do believe it not to be his handwriting.

Q. Have you often had occasion to see him write?

Richards. I have had particular occasions to see him write, by writing receipts for him, to which he has signed his name.

Q. What are you?

Richards. I am a schoolmaster.

Cross examination.

Q. Is not this something like his writing?

Richards. It is not at all like his hand-writing. Some part of it is something imitating his writing.

Q. What part of it is not like his hand writing?

Richards. The first E next to the letter B is not like his; he never makes such an S as this at the end of Hughes.

Q. What is he?

Richards. He is a country farmer.

The letter of attorney read.

'' Know all men by these presents, that I Benjamin '' Hughes, of Harbourn, in the county of '' Stafford, do hereby make, ordain, constitute '' and appoint Richard Hughes; of St. Clement's-Dane, '' my true and lawful attorney for me, in '' my name, and on my behalf to sell, assign, '' &c. &c.

'' Seal'd and deliver'd being first duly stamp'd '' in the presence of Geo Philips and Edw Halsey , '' Church-Wardens; Edward Green, Rector''.

Q to Green. Can you distinguish any difference in these two letters Mr. Richards has mention'd?

Green. I don't pretend to speak to his name.

Q. How old is he?

Green. He is betwixt 70 and 80 years of age, he is here in court.

Here the evidence for the crown closed.

The prisoner in his defence produced a letter of attorney sign'd by Benjamin Hughes of Harbourn, in the county of Stafford, farmer, and William Harris of Birmingham, toyman; two of the executors to the will of Richard Hughes , taylor, of Salisbury court, London, deceased, father to the prisoner: Wherein they constituted and appointed Richard Hughes , taylor, in the Strand [the prisoner] their lawful attorney, &c. to demand any sum or sums of money payable to them by right of the will of the prisoner's father, in the common form of a letter of attorney, dated July 24, 1754.

Which was read in court, and Mr. Brown who drew it up, deposed it was executed in the prisoner's house in the Strand, the day it bore date. But there was no mention made in the letter of attorney of any authority to transfer stocks, and likewise it was made as appear'd by the date about three months before Mr. Ben. Hughes began to apply for stocks, which was on the 25th of October, 1754.

William Harris on his cross examination deposed there was no stock in the name of Richard Hughes , at the time he sign'd the letter of attorney, as one of the executors. So could not avail the prisoner.

To his character.

John Howe . I have known the prisoner about eight or nine years, he is a taylor.

Q. Where does he live?

Howe. In Arundel-street.

Q. What is his general character?

Howe. When I dealt with him I look'd upon him to be a very honest man. I have dealt with him for 140 l. or 150 l. a year. When he has wanted a small matter, I have lent it him, and he paid me very honestly.

John Foster Lampless . I have known the prisoner about a year and a half.

Q. What is his general character?

Lampless. He bore a very good character before this.

John Frip . I have known the prisoner upwards of four years, he was a house-keeper, and bore a very good character, and was in a good way of business.

John Price . I have known him about seven or eight years, during which time he bore a very good character; he has work'd for me as a taylor, and was in a good way of business. About two years ago he was a little distress'd as to his circumstances, but as to his honesty, I believe he is a very honest man.

Edward Satchell . I have known him four or five years; he was a very honest man till this thing happen'd. I am in the woollen-drapery way, he deals with me, and has paid me very honestly.

Richard Robson . I have known him I believe twelve or fourteen years.

Q. What is his general character?

Robson. He bears a very good character, he has work'd for me several times.

Henry Smallwood . I have known him about two years.

Q. What is his general character?

Smallwood. A very good one, I have done business for him, and he paid me very honestly. I never heard any thing ill of him in my life before this.

Q. What is your business?

Smallwood. I am an upholder, and furnish'd his house.

Mr. Abbot. I have known him about twenty years, but have not been acquainted with him till about two years ago. I never heard any ill of him in my life before this.

Mr. Southall. I have known him betwixt five and six years.

Q. What is his general character ?

Southall. I have work'd for him that time; he has always paid me my money, when I have carried my bill to him; he always bore a good character.

Mr. Sepley. I have known him about twelve years.

Q. During that time what was his general character?

Sepley. A very honest dealing man as any I ever knew in the world.

Benjamin Remnant . I am a bricklayer. I know him exceeding well; he has been a neighbour of mine almost fifteen years.

Q. Have you been acquainted with his character?

Remnant. I have very well; he has an extreme good one. I never heard any thing dishonest of him in my life.

Q. What is his general character ?

Remnant. He had a misfortune about three years ago, he fail'd; but his character is as honest a one as any man could wish to have.

Mr. Trotter. I have known him fifteen years, he liv'd in Salisbury-Court, where I now live.

Q. What is his general character?

Trotter. I know nothing but that he is a very honest man. I always look'd upon him as such.

Q. Did you never hear of his failing?

Trotter. That was since he left Salisbury-Court.

Q. Did you know his uncle Benjamin?

Trotter. I never saw him before this day.

Q. Where is he?

Trotter. He is now in court.

Samuel Price . I have known him six or seven years, and have been intimately acquainted with him.

Q. What is his general character?

Price. I never knew any thing or saw any thing by him otherwise than honest.

James Owen . I have known him about seven years, he is an honest man. I have done a great deal of work for him, and he always paid me very honestly.

Thomas Atkins . I have known him between three and four years.

Q. What is his general character?

Atkins. He has a very good one. I have had dealings with him, and he paid me very honestly.

Q. Look at this letter of attorney, he takes it in his hand.

Atkins. I was a witness to this, I saw his uncle and Mr. Harris execute it in the prisoner's house. Mr. Brown was another witness to it.

Mr. Brown. I have known him almost ever since he has been in trade, which is about twelve years; I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Q. What is his general character?

Brown. The character that I have heard is a very good one, I never heard to the contrary.

Mr. Heath. I have known him ten or eleven years, I never heard any otherwise than a good character of him.

Guilty of publishing it , Death .

Robert Timperly.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-27

Related Material

121. (M.) Robert Timperly was indicted for that John Dove and Robert Blyth did steal eleven bags of ginger, weighing 88 lb. and one firkin of butter, weighing 56 lb. in the county of Surry, the goods of Valentine Hargrove and John Charlton , January 11. and were convicted for the same, and receiv'd sentence of transportation at the general quarter sessions of the peace for the

county of Surry, on Thursday Feb. 17 . and that the said Timperly did receive the same, well knowing it to have been stolen .

John Williams produced a copy of the record of the conviction of Dove and Blyth, which was read.

Valentine Hargr ove. I am a wharfinger, our wharf did go by the name of Hay's and Cox's, but now Hargrove and Charlton; on the 4th of this instant I catch'd one John Blail with a bag of ginger on his back, which I saw him take out of our warehouse; he was admited an evidence, and that very bag I have now in court; it is fellow to two others that we found in the prisoner's custody, produced in court. I had a hundred and fifty bags of that sort with ginger in them in my warehouse.

Q. Can you tell what time they were taken away?

Hargrove. No, I cannot, it was within these three months or thereabouts.

John Charlton . I am partner with the other evidence; after the evidence Blail was taken up and committed, I went to examine him. He confess'd he had sold the prisoner at the bar some bags of ginger, and that the prisoner allowed him 10 s per hundred wt. for them; he gave information against two persons, named John Dove and Robert Blyth, so we took them up, and the prisoner; we got a search warrant and went and search'd his house, and these two bags were found in a little closet turn'd inside out, they smelt much of ginger; he said upon his examination that his daughter bought them to put old cloaths in.

Q. Was you at the trial of Dove and Blyth?

Charlton. I was, they confess'd the fact laid to their charge; there was no evidence given against them. I gave evidence before the grand jury of the finding the bags, and their confession.

Q. What were they indicted for?

Charlton. For stealing eleven bags of ginger and a firkin of butter.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was the closet lock'd in which were the bags?

Charlton. No.

Q. When did you find these bags?

Charlton. On the 9th of this instant.

John Blail . About three months ago, or something better. I went to the prisoner's house and asked him if he'd buy a bag of ginger.

Q. Where does he live?

Blail. In Drury-lane; he asked me what sort of ginger, I said I could not tell; he asked what it might weigh, but he said I might bring it if I would. We went to him with a bag that afternoon. Robert Blyth , John Dove , and I carried it by turns.

Q. Where did you take it from?

Blail. From that wharf call'd Hay's and Cox's formerly, out of a warehouse; two stood without while the other went in. The prisoner weigh'd it and gave us half a guinea for it; we asked him if he would have any more, and he bid us take care of ourselves. We went about three days after and took a couple more from the same place; he weigh'd them and gave us 20 s. for them; they weigh'd a hundred wt. each. He asked us if we had any more, and bid us take care of ourselves, and bring some more. Dove and I went and took one bag more; two days after that, at about three in the afternoon, we carried it to the prisoner, and gave us 9 s. for it. We asked him if he would have any more; he said, we might bring another bag if we would; he always caution'd us to take care of ourselves; we went down again and got two bags more in about a week after, which we carried to the prisoner, and he gave us 18 s. for them.

Q. Did you ever tell him where you brought them from?

Blail. No, never. Then we asked him if he would have any more. He said, we might bring another if we would, and ordered us to take care of ourselves. About three days after that Dove and I went down, and the warehouse was stop'd up with butter, so that we could not come at the ginger. We took a firkin of butter away, carried it to the prisoner, and sold it to him for half a guinea.

Q. Had you ever mentioned any thing of butter to him before?

Blail. No, we had not. We asked him if he would have any more things, if we could get them. He said, yes; but bid us take care of ourselves. About six weeks after we got into another warehouse, belonging to the same people, and took out two bags of ginger.

Q. to Hargrove. How were they marked in that warehouse ?

Hargrove. They were not mark'd like the others. These I have brought here were out of the same warehouse which I suppose the butter was taken from; but there is butter in both warehouses.

Blail. The two warehouses both join together; one is a long one, and the other is a little one. We took all but two out of the little warehouse.

The prisoner gave us 19 s. for the two last I mentioned. We asked him if we should bring him some more. He said, we might if we would, but we must take care of ourselves. Then we all three of us went down to the long warehouse, and took three bags out, and sold them to the prisoner for 30 s. We went a little after to get another, and I was taken.

Q. How many bags of ginger did you take in all ?

Blail. We took eleven in all.

Q. Do you know the marks upon these bags ?

Blail. If I see them I do. (He looks at the two bags.) These are two of them.

Q. Which warehouse did these come out of?

Blail. These came out of the long warehouse.

Q. to Hargrove. What is the value of this ginger?

Hargrove. It is worth something better than 30 s. per cwt.

Q. to Hargrove. Which warehouse contains the bags of this mark?

Hargrove. The long warehouse.

Cross examination.

Q. How came you to carry the first bag to the prisoner's house?

Blail. I went first to ask him.

Q. Did you take notice of the marks of each bag ?

Blail. I did; as we took them out.

Q. When did you see these bags before ?

Blail. I saw them last the 17th of this month.

Q. to Hargrove. Did you lose any butter ?

Hargrove. I did.

Q. to Charlton. Do you remember losing any butter?

Charlton. There was butter put into this warehouse in a hurry, and it lay so as we could not come at the ginger sometimes without removing it.

Q. to Charlton. Did you mention the losing of butter before the grand jury, in Surry ?

Charlton. I believe I did.

William Foster . I was present, on the 8th of this instant, when the prisoner was taken at his house, the White-Hart, in the Coal yard, Drury-Lane. When he saw us come into his house he ran into a shed, at the upper end of the yard. He had his boots on. We brought him to Covent Garden Round house.

Cross examination.

Q. What are you?

Foster. I am a sergeant in the third regiment of foot guards.

Q. Did not you draw your sword when you went into the house ?

Foster. No, I did not till he got into the shed. I put it through a crack towards him; then he came out.

Q. Was not your drawing your sword the occasion of his running away?

Foster. No. It was not drawn a minute.

Q. to Charlton. At whose house did you find the bags ?

Charlton. At the White Hart and Ninopin.

George Keep . On the 9th of February. I went with Mr. Charlton to justice Fielding's. The prisoner was then in custody in Mr. Fielding's house. He ordered a search warrant. I went with the constable, Mr. Charlton, and another person, in order to search his house; and in a back room, in a closet on the left hand. I found two bags turn'd the wrong side outwards. These are the two bags here produced. We carried them to the justice. He said, we must keep them in our custody. The prisoner said his girl bought them of an old cloaths woman.

Q. What girl was that?

Keep. It is his daughter. I examined the bags in Mr. Charlton's long warehouse. There are the very same marks on these.

Cross examination.

Q. Did you find any ginger?

Keep. No, none at all. The bags smelt very strong of ginger.

Q. Were not the bags found upon a parcel of old bags ?

Keep. No, they were not. There were some foul linen, a coat, and a waistcoat, in the same closet.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing at all of buying any thing they accuse me of. My little girl bought the two bags of a woman, that said she found them in the street, and she put them by to put dirty cloaths in.

For the Prisoner.

Elizabeth Steel . I am really what you may call a rag gatherer in the street, which you may properly call a bunter.

Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?

E. Steel. His wife buys old cloaths, and he has bought a great many old rags of me.

Q. Did you, at any time, and when, sell any rags to him?

E. Steel. I have sold rags five or six years, and I have sold rags upwards of three years to them both. I hardly sold him any thing else, except odd things, which you properly call hand-stuff. Sometimes I have found pieces of old bags, like unto this here. (Looking on one of the two found at the prisoner's house.) I never sold him any bags at all, except what I found in the street. I did pick up two little ones, that I sold him, for which I had no more than three halfpence. I think they were something finer than these are. They weighed two pounds and a half. They were wrapped together in a lump. I never opened them any farther than to see they were bags.

Q. Where did you pick them up ?

E. Steel. They lay as close as close could be to a door in the Strand, betwixt Somerset-house and the new church.

Q. Did you see any mark they had ?

E. Steel. No. I put them all of a lump together in my pocket apron, and went and sold them directly to his daughter, before any of the other people were up.

Q. Was you in company, alone ?

E. Steel. There was Susannah Durkin with me.

Q. How long was this ago?

E. Steel. I believe it may be three weeks, or upwards.

Susannah Durkin . I carry butter out three days in a week, and Elizabeth Steel and I have commonly a pint of purl together in a morning. We are what you may call poverty struck, and have no money. I'll tell the truth, that is best. I can't say whether it is a month, or more than three weeks, ago, that Steel pick'd up two bags and put them into her pocket apron. She said here is as much as will fetch us a morning's draught. She and, I went together to the prisoner's house. She sold them to his little girl for three halfpence, so we put a halfpenny to it, and had a pint of purl.

Q. Was any body by at the time ?

S. Durkin. Yes, there was Charles, a soldier. He is quarter'd upon them.

Q. What did they weigh?

S. Durkin. They weighed two pounds and a half. It was what she call'd hand-stuff.

Q. How did you know them to be bags?

S. Durkin. Because I saw they were sew'd up, at the bottom, and one was thicker than the other.

Q. Did you see them open'd?

S. Durkin. How open'd? I saw her take them up, and put them into her pocket. They were open'd at the rag shed.

Q. Who open'd them?

S. Durkin. She did. You know she could not help opening them.

Q. Did you see her open them?

S. Durkin. I did not see her open them.

Court. Then you did not see they were bags.

S. Durkin. I was very well assured they were bags.

Q. What marks had they upon them?

S. Durkin. I believe I could tell them again if I saw them. I believe they were black marks.

Q. Were the bags made of linen or woollen?

S. Durkin. Neither one nor t'other I believe.

Q. What were they made of?

S. Durkin. I really can't say.

Q. Were they made of leather?

S. Durkin. No.

Q. Then tell the court what they were made of.

S. Durkin. I believe they were made of such stuff that the packthread is made of, indeed.

Charles Thirkall . I was at the house of the prisoner, being quarter'd there, and saw two bags brought in by Elizabeth Steel and Susannah Durkin . The prisoner's daughter bought them. I opened them after the women were gone, and I saw they had square marks upon them; but I can't swear to them.

Q. What colour were the marks?

Thirkall. They were black marks. She gave three halfpence for them. They weighed two-pounds and a half.

Q. Did the women go away immediately?

Thirkall. They staid; and had a pint of purk.

Q. Where were the prisoner and his wife?

Thirkall. They were in bed.

Q. What size were the bags?

Thirkall. Perhaps they might hold a bushel.

Q. Were the bags open or rolled up, when they were weighed?

Thirkall. They were not open.

Q. What were they made of?

Thirkall. They were made of such as twine is made of.

Q. For what use did he buy such?

Thirkall. To make paper of.

Q. Look at these two bags.

Thirkall. (He looks at them.) I can't swear to the bags. They are the same make, and the same stuff; but to swear to the marks I cannot.

Q. Are the marks like them?

Thirkall. They are something like them.

Q. to S. Durkin. Look at these, are these the same bags ?

S. Durkin. I believe, by the virtue of my oath, they are the same bags.

Corn. Ford. The prisoner has been my tenant above three years. He pays me 20 l. per year, and has as good a character as I could wish to hear of a man. He bought old rags and old iron. He is an industrious, sober man. I never went three times for my rent in my life.

Q. Where do you live?

Ford. I live in Dean-Street, Red-Lion-Square.

Q. What is your business?

Ford. I am a bricklayer.

H. I have known him two years. I never heard any thing dishonest of him. I have had dealings with him, and he always paid me.

Q. What is your business ?

Hyate. I am an upholsterer.

Q. Where do you live?

Hyate. I live just by him. He deals in rags and iron, and keeps an ale house.

Mr. Lewis. I am a wholesale druggist, and live in Lawrence-Lane. The prisoner lived with me about eleven years as a porter. He was then a very honest, diligent fellow.

Q. Have you known him lately ?

Lewis. No, not since he went from me, which is about three years ago.

Q. Would you employ him now, if he was clear'd ?

Lewis. I believe I should, but not to take him into my house.

Q. Do you deal in ginger?

Lewis. No.

John Foss . I live by Queen-Hithe, and am a wholesale dealer in rags.

Q. How long have you known the prisoner?

Foss. I believe I have known him about eight months. I have paid him about 50 or 60 l. He always dealt very well and fair with me.

Q. Did you ever buy such bags as these two here produced of him?

Foss. No, to my knowledge, I never did.

Arthur Vigers . I have known the prisoner a dozen years.

Q. What is his general reputation ?

Vigers. It was always very good. He lodged in my house near five years. He is an industrious, quiet, sober man.

Q. Have you had any acquaintance with him lately?

Vigers. No, I have not. He lived in our neighbourhood after he went from me.

Mr. Calvert. I have known him about sixteen years. He always have an unexceptionable character. I never heard any ill of him before.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Jones.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-28
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

122 (M.) Mary Jones , widow , was indicted for stealing one gold watch with a gold chain, and three seals set in gold, value 22 l. and one gold ring, the property of James Banti , privately from his person .

The prosecutor was a foreigner, and not speaking English John Wood was sworn interpreter.

James Banti . I am from Florence. I lost my watch with a gold chain, three seals, and a gold ring, which hung to it as a seal.

Q. Where did you lose it ?

Banti. In the Bavarian ambassador's chapel, by Golden Square . On a Sunday, twelve days ago, it was pick'd out of my pocket.

Q. Did you ever get it again?

Banti. Yes. Justice Fielding advertised it the day after, who got it, and gave it to me again with the chain and seals, and the boy belonging to the master of the New-prison gave me the ring.

Q. Whether you saw the prisoner at the bar in the chapel?

Banti. I saw her when she took my watch, for she was then before me. When I was going up towards the altar, to hear a little better, she presented herself before me. She put her hand to my pocket, and I felt it going. I put my hand down, and immediately missed it. I called out immediately, I had lost my watch. She was going away, and I after her as fast as I could; but the people crouded me, and prevented my going so fast as I would.

Q. Did you see her from that time to the time Mr. Fielding gave you the watch?

Banti. No.

Cross examination.

Q. Whether the prisoner was not taken in the chapel ?

Banti. As I was going after her she fell down, a little way from the door, and a gentleman took her up.

Q. Was she immediately searched?

Banti. No, not immediately.

Q. Do you know the name of the gentleman that took hold of her?

Banti. No. She was taken from the chapel into the ambassador's house, where the constable was sent for. Then she was taken to the constable's house, after that to justice Fielding's, and after that to the Round-house, where she was searched.

Q. Was any thing found upon her?

Banti. No. The time I was going after her in the chapel, there was a man got betwixt her and me, who prevented my taking her.

Q. What is his name?

Banti. His name is Leonard Yates .

Q. Was she searched at the ambassador's house?

Banti. No.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was in the chapel to hear prayers. There were a vast croud of people. A gentleman spoke in French watch, watch. A gentleman took and brought me into a long room up one pair of stairs. I was searched by two women. An English gentleman told me this man had lost his watch, and charged me with it. Then I was brought to the constable's house, and searched by his wife. Then to the Round house, and there searched again. I was strip'd naked to my shift. Then I was brought to Mr. Fielding's, and his maid searched me in a back place. I know no more of the watch than the child unborn. I had no cloak nor capuchin on.

Q. to prosecutor. Had she no cloak on?

Prosecutor. When I first saw her she had a capuchin or cardinal on; but when she fell down she drop'd it, and after that disowned it.

Acquitted .

She was detained by the name of Buxter, otherwise Poulter, otherwise Black Moll, to be tried for returning from transportation, &c.

William Harris, Thomas Marsh.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-29

Related Material

123, 124. (L.) William Harris and Thomas Marsh were indicted for that they on the king's highway, on Edward Hughes did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 3 l. 15 s. the property of John Seymore , February, 11 . ++

By the desire of the prisoners, the witnesses were examined separate.

Edward Hughes . About half an hour after three o'clock on the Fast-day, being the 11th of this instant, the two prisoners and two more in company followed me in King-street, Cloth-fair . I pull'd two silver watches out of my pocket (one was my master's property, John Seymore ; the other a gentleman's) to see how they went, for time.

Q. What are you?

Hughes. I am apprentice to Mr. Seymore, a watchmaker ; as I had them in my hand, one of the four, but neither of the prisoners, stole the new one (my master's property) out of my hand. I ask'd him what he stole my watch for; he said, d - n your limbs I did not steal it, and struck me on my breast.

Q. Did he take it by force?

Hughes. He did, he snatch'd it out of my hand; I strove to keep it, but could not. He gave it to Harris, and said, here watchmaker do you take this watch.

Q. Did he give you any notice before he took it?

Hughes. No, none at all; they ran away and parted. I ran after the two prisoners, as far as Smithfield. Harris call'd out to the other, and said, I can't open this watch do you open it.

Q. What became of the other two?

Hughes. I can't tell, they all ran away. I overtook Marsh at the corner of Charterhouse-lane, and told him I must have my master's watch; he pull'd another watch from his pocket, and said, is this your watch. I said no, that was not it. The turnkey of Bridewell came by, and ask'd what was the matter. I told him, those two fellows had stole my watch; he took Harris in Charter-house-lane. Then I laid hold on Marsh, and we took them before justice Keeling, but I was in such a fright, I don't remember what pass'd there, only this, they said I offer'd to sell the watch to them.

Q. Did you know the man that took the watch from you?

Hughes. No, I did not, I had never seen him before. I should know him again if I could see him, he was about the size of Marsh.

Cross Examination.

Q. Had the prisoners any conversation with you?

Hughes. No.

Q. Did any of them ask you if either of these watches were for sale?

Hughes. I never said I would or could sell one; that was my master's business.

Q. Are you sure you did not deliver the watch into one of their hands, to look at?

Hughes. I am sure I did not.

Q. Did no words pass?

Hughes. No, none, till he had taken it out of my hand by force.

John Seymore . Edward Hughes is my apprentice.

Q. What are you?

Seymore. I am a watchmaker; on the 11th of February he was going out to see his brother. I call'd him back, and said, take one of these watches (being winding some up) in your pocket, and bring it to time; it was to be deliver'd on the Monday following. He took it, it was a new one; he had another watch, belonging to a gentleman in Cloth-fair, to mend, a job of his own, which I allow him, to encourage him in his business; about six in the evening he returned home. He went up stairs and desired I'd go up with him. Then he told me justice Keeling desired to see me the next morning. I went, the two prisoners at the bar were there. After my servant was examin'd, then Marsh was brought in. Marsh said, they being four in company, observ'd my servant coming out of the Halfmoon passage into King-street, they saw him pulling out two watches, and one of them step'd up to him and ask'd if that watch was to be sold, or not; my servant answer'd yes, he had two to dispose of; the other ask'd him whether they were second-hand, or new ones.

Q. What did your servant say to this?

Seymore. He quite disown'd it, and said it was false. After that Harris was had in, who desired he might be admitted an evidence; it growing towards dinner time, Mr. Keeling desired they might be had down to Bridewell, and Harris brought again at four o'clock. Harris said he was ready then, and pull'd out a sheet of paper with I believe twenty or thirty robberies on it. At four o'clock I attended again, with my apprentice; when Harris told the justice, my apprentice offer'd the watch for sale, as Marsh had said before. Then the justice's clerk look'd my apprentice in the face, and said, Mr. Hughes, consider what an oath is, here are two young fellows brought upon a capita affair; it is a weighty thing, consider the oath you have taken, and answer me one or two questions I shall ask you.

Q. Was Harris present at this time?

Seymore. He was. The clerk said, did you offer to sell the watch, or deliver it into either of their hands. He then declared word for word what he said before. Harris was struck dumb directly, and wanted to be admited an evidence; but Mr. Keeling said to him, you equivocate in your account, I will not take your evidence. Harris said, if you will admit me, I'll tell the truth. The justice said; you have equivocated in this affair, how can I believe you if you drop your account thus. There was a gentleman along with the justice desired to hear his story. Then Harris said there were four of them together; they saw my apprentice come out of the Half-moon passage, and saw him pull two watches out of his pocket, and the man that robb'd him clap'd his hand to his breast and said d - n your limbs, if we don't rob you of them.

Thomas Margate . On the fast-day about four o'clock I was coming by the end of Charterhouse-lane, to go into Long-lane. I heard the young man here charge Marsh with robbing him of his watch. I said to Marsh, you rascal give the man his watch. He said I have not got it; he pull'd one out of his pocket and said is this it? Hughes answer'd that is not mine, mine is a new one. I insisted upon Marsh's going along with me, unless he'd give him his watch; and as I was bringing him down by the end of the lane, there came a gentleman in a blue-grey coat, and said, there was a companion of that man's he believ'd ran up the Cross-keys inn-yard, in St. John's-street. I had got Marsh by the collar leading him along. I left Marsh in the care of others, and said I'd go and search the stables; we went into the yard, but Harris was got behind the gate on the inside; and when we went in, he went out. He ran up into Charterhouse-lane, somebody told us they saw him. I went up the lane, and met a porter with him. Then we took them both to justice Keeling. There I heard Harris own the robbery, and also told who were in company with him.

John South . I live in Charter-house-lane; on the fast-day between three and four o'clock I was sitting in my house, in Charterhouse-lane, with my family, and my little boy reading to me. I heard somebody come blundering in at the door; he seem'd to fall down; my wife got up and open'd the kitchen door. There was Harris, who forced himself into the kitchen, shut the door fast, and got his hand upon the lock, and said there were rogues; my wife said what rogues; he said rogues. I was then very ill, but I got up from my chair, and insisted upon knowing what he meant. He held the door fast. I being constable, pull'd out a drawer about five or six inches, and took out my short staff, and said, I am an officer, and insist upon your going out of my house. When I got out into the passage. I saw four or five men standing; I said to them what do you want; they said there is a man run up

here that has stole a watch. I said, I have got him in my house, come in, and assist me. When I return'd back into my kitchen, the drawer that I had pull'd out a little, was then wide open. I saw my wife holding a watch up by a cat-gut string. Harris said, what do you come after me for, I know nothing of the watch. I order'd a porter to lay hold of him; he did, and took him away.

Q. Was you before justice Keeling, when the prisoners were examin'd?

South. I was. Harris would have made himself an evidence, but the justice would not admit him.

Harris. Did I not bid you deliver the watch to the owner?

Q. Had you a watch in the house before the prisoner came in?

South. No, I had not.

Ann South . I am wife to the last evidence, my husband was very ill sitting by the fire, and a little boy about eleven years old was reading to us; presently I heard a noise at the back door, and the prisoner came tumbling in; I went and asked him what was the matter, but he made no answer, and then shut the door, and said there were rogues. I said what rogues; he said rogues. My husband said, is it a press-gang, and said he'd see what rogues they were. He insisted upon my husband's not going out at the door, and had his hand on the lock, and said neither of us should go out; my husband said he was an officer, and insisted upon going out of his own house, and went to look for his short staff in a dresser-drawer; he did not put in the drawer after. I gave the prisoner a push, and my husband got out at the back-door. I look'd out at the door, and the prisoner was behind me. I heard something knock against the side of the drawer that was left open. I turn'd about to the prisoner and said, I hope you have not put any thing there; I put my hand in the drawer, and found a new watch under some rags that were there. I had not seen it but the cat-gut hung over the side of the drawer. My husband call'd a porter to assist him, and I deliver'd the watch to the porter.

Alexander Holder . I am a porter. On the 11th of February as I was coming down Charterhouse-lane I met Harris running as hard as he could run, and hearing the people call out a thief, I turn'd and ran after him. He ran up a passage, and into the constable's house, but I was not soon enough to take hold of him. Presently Mr. South open'd the door and gave me charge of him; and his wife put this watch into my hand, which is produced here. I took him to justice Keeling, with other assistance.

Q to Hughes. Look at this watch.

Hughes. This is the very watch that was taken out of my hand at that time.

Seymore. It is my property. I deliver'd it to Hughes that day.

Harris's Defence.

I know nothing of the watch, it was not deliver'd to me at all.

Marsh's Defence.

We were going to Rag-fair in order to go to sea; going through the Half-moon tavern, we overtook that young man with two watches in his hand. We asked him if they were for sale, and he said yes; he offer'd the old one, but said if you don't like that here's a new one; and he proposed to go into several public houses with us. We walk'd on to Porters-block, but went into no public house. He had the watch in his hand, and gave it me; then he had it again, and said if you have a mind to have it, look at it. I had no intent to do any thing of that kind; but one of them took it and ran away.

For Marsh.

John Snowden . I have known Marsh eighteen years.

Q. What are you?

Snowden. I live in Purpool-lane, am a farrier; he was brought up a barber and peruke-maker, and was very honest when he liv'd near me; he has been out of his apprenticeship above a year.

Q. When was you acquainted with him last?

Snowden. I have not seen him these three or four months, till I saw him in Newgate.

Sarah Godly . I live at the end of Tash-Court, near Gray's-Inn. I know Marsh.

Q. When did you see him last?

S. Godly. I have not seen him these 12 months.

Emanuel Hall. I know the prisoner.

Q. When did you see him last ?

Hall. I have known nothing of him these three or four years.

John Blackstock . I have known Marsh from a child, I never heard any ill of him.

Q. When had you conversation with him last ?

Blackslock. About a fortnight ago. I have recommended him to several places since he has been out of his time.

John Gummey . I have known him eight or nine years down to this time. I never heard but that he bore a good character.

Benjamin Thornly . I am employ'd in the tides. I have seen Marsh at Gravesend. He was employ'd as an assistant or extra man in the excise.

Q. When did you see him there?

Thornly. In July or August last. I never saw any ill in his behaviour.

Joshua Izard . I am a tide-waiter, I have seen Marsh at Gravesend in the capacity of an extra man in the excise. I know no ill of him.

Both Guilty , Death .

William Warner.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-30

Related Material

125. (L.) William Warner was indicted for stealing one pair of womemens leather shoes, value 3 s. the property of John Hart , Jan. 21 . ||

John Hart . I live on Fish-street-Hill . I missed a pair of shoes out of my shop window. I went out and took the prisoner with them upon him, on the other side of the way.

Prisoner's Defence.

A man ran by me and drap'd them, so I took them up, and delivered them to the prosecutor when he asked me for them.

Prosecutor. He denied he had any shoes, till I insisted upon seeing what he had got under his coat.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Pain.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-31
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

126. (M.) Elizabeth Pain , spinster , was indicted for stealing two linen aprons, value 3 s. one linen towel, one linen shift, one linen bag, and one linen cap laced , the goods of Thomas Wayland , Dec 27 . +

Thomas Wayland . I live in the parish of Hillingdon . The prisoner lived servant with me a year, and some odd months. She was going away on the 27th of December. I desired to look into her bundle, where I found an apron, a quilted petticoat, a shift of my wife's, and a little towel which was my daughter's. My wife and daughter are both dead. I found also a foul cloaths bag and a cap. (Produced in court.)

Q. How do you know them to be your property?

Wayland. There are no marks upon them, but I know them by their colour, and their being like the rest.

Acquitted .

Thomas Powel.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-32
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

127. (L.) Thomas Powel was indicted for the wilful murder of Francis Lenard , January 25 . +

Thomas Edgerton . I am a bricklayer. On the 25th of January there had been a pot of hot brought to a place where we were at work, near Philpot-Lane . The deceased was a labourer, and the prisoner a bricklayer . The person that brought it said it was for me. I said, I would not pay for it, as I had not order'd it. Then the deceased took and drank it with his fellow labourers. When we came into the Cow and Calf alehouse in East-Cheap, at dinner time, there was a dispute among the labourers in the kitchen, who should pay for it. I was sitting in the fore parlour, and heard Powel say, he knew nobody that ought to pay for it more than Lenard, for nobody made themselves so busy about it was he did. I hearing words amongst them went into the kitchen. Just as I got there Lenard was got out at the door into the yard, in order to fight Powel, saying, come out, come out. I stop'd him, and ask'd him whether he was the person that ordered that pot of hot in my name or not. He said, it was not he. Powel was sitting in the kitchen. Then I went into the parlour again, and all was quiet for six or seven minutes.

Q. Did you hear Powel say any thing?

Edgerton. No, I did not at that time. After a little time I was told they were going out into the yard to fight. I went out there, and saw the prisoner and the deceased boxing over a screen. Presently they both, seemingly by consent, laid their hands to the screen, and put it aside. The deceased was in buff as it is called, and Powel with his coat button'd up, and his apron about him. They fought so some time. They closed, and Lenard got Powel's back to the window, and broke several panes of glass. After that they had about two falls. I took Powel up twice while he had his cloaths on. After this Powel drew back, finding Lenard a sufficient match for him, and strip'd into buff. Then there were not I believe above four or five blows past before Lenard drop'd down, which was, I think, from a blow. They were both striking, but I can't say I had my eye on them, so as to see it was from any particular blow. Powel did not fall after he strip'd. Lenard never spake more, but was dead; there seem'd no appearance of life in him. Powel desired he might be got up. The man that went to help him up said, he would not fight any more.

Q. How was the pavement?

Edgerton. It was paved with broad stones.

Q. How did the deceased fall?

Edgerton. He fell side ways, and turn'd himself on his face on the stones.

Q. Where did the blow seem to light?

Edgerton. On his temple. When Powel found the other would fight no more he went to wash himself in the kitchen. Presently he heard he was dead, at which he appeared much concerned.

Q. Might not the fall on the stone, contribute to the blow on the temple?

Edgerton. It might.

Samuel Newton . I was one of the workmen, and was in the tap-house when the prisoner and deceased began to fall out. Lenard began to make a noise in the house. Powel said, you make more noise than all the labourers in the work. Words arose. The deceased got up, and bid Powel turn out. Powel got up. I stop'd him, and Edgerton stop'd the deceased. After that they were at peace five or six minutes. The deceased then said to Powel, '' You are no more a freeman '' than I am, and if you do not take great care '' you shall go and serve your time over again.'' Powel said, '' You had better hold your tongue, '' or worse will come of it.'' Then the deceased got up, flung down his hat, strip'd, and out into the yard he went, and bid Powel follow him. Powel staid behind to tie his handkerchief about his head, then went after him; but I never went out of the house, I only look'd through the window. Sometimes I could see, and sometimes not, the people crouded so. When Powel came in, he ordered Mrs. Ewin to send the deceased a dram of the best gin she had in the house; saying, '' Though I have beat the man I'll send him a '' glass of gin.'' They brought him water to wash himself, and while he was putting his things on, there came word that Lenard was dead. He went out and cried, and came in crying; his heart was too full to speak much. I did not hear him speak all dinner time after.

Elizabeth Godfrey . I was in the house when the quarrel first began, about a pot of hot. The deceased pull'd off his hat and cloaths to fight Powel. Powel first said it was not worth his while to fight with him. Lenard abused him very much, but I did not see them fight; I did not got out.

John Kinerkin . There was a difference between the prisoner and the deceased, about a pot of hot. Lenard pull'd off his cloaths in order to fight. Powel said but little then. They were at peace for some time. Then words arose again. The deceased said, d - n his body, he'd fight him, and would lick him if he could. Then Powel said, if he'd go into the yard, he would follow him. I saw them fight in the yard, but I am but little judge of it. I was not in the yard when Lenard fell the last time.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was at work when Lenard brought a pot of hot upon the scaffold. He set it down and said, d - n the hot and Edgerton too; d - n my eyes if I don't drink it, and pay for it when I have done. Soon after the clock struck twelve, our dinner time. I was the first of the bricklayers that got into the alehouse. The person that keeps it said to me, who is to pay for that pot of hot? I said, Lenard said he'd take and drink it, and I knew none more fit to pay for it, than he that drank it. In the mean time Lenard came in and said, d - n your eyes, you are a liar. Said I, it does not look well of you to give me the lie. He with another wicked expression said he'd fight me. The maid that stood by me said, don't put yourself in a passion. I said, I did not think it worth my while to daub my fingers about him. I had a piece of cold roast pork, and call'd for a pint of beer. As I was eating my dinner he kept bringing my name up, and pull'd off his cloaths to fight me. After I had dined I said, it is a strange thing you can't be quiet, and let me alone. He said, d - n your eyes, I'll fight you. Then I said, I'll have a blow or two with you; so I tied my handkerchief about my head, that he should not lay hold of my hair; I never pull'd off my cloaths. He was naked. We had a great many blows, and two or three falls. The last fall that was given, he gave me. We fell both together. My handkerchief was got off my head. He got his hands in my hair, and beat my head against the stones. I found myself very faint, so immediately drew back, in order to take my cloaths off. We had I believe about four blows after, and I believe with one of the blows that I struck him, he fell down on one side, and turned upon his face. I said to the man that helped him up, what do you let him lie there for? He said, Lenard will not fight any more. Mr. Edgerton said to me go in, and put your cloaths on. I went into the kitchen, and got a bason of water, in order to wash myself before I put my cloaths on. Word was brought that he was dead. I said, God forbid! I went out immediately, and took him up in my arms, and desired, for God sake, they would fetch some doctor, and bring him something to drink. The maid said

there were three or four people gone for a person to bleed him. I held him in my arms, till with grief I was ready to drop. Then somebody took my place, and I went into the house. I made no attempt to go away, knowing there was no animosity on my side.

Guilty, manslaughter .

[Branding. See summary.]

William Watkins.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-33

Related Material

128. (L.) William Watkins was indicted for stealing one pound weight of tea, value 8 s. seven pounds weight of sugar, value 3 s. 6 d. two ounces of nutmegs and mace, and one ounce of cloves , the goods of Anthony Hodskins , Feb. 2 . +

Anthony Hodskins . I am a grocer on Bread-street Hill , and the prisoner was my servant . My other servant, John Wilson , put this paper in my hand, which he said he found in my shop on the 2d of February. I know it to be the prisoner's handwriting. It is a bill of parcels to John Bray . I charged the constable with him, and taxed him with selling some goods to John Bray , a quarter of a pound of tea, seven pounds of sugar, mace, cloves and nutmegs, one ounce each. At first he denied it. I went and searched his box, and found about half a pound of tea there. Then he fell on his knees, asked my pardon, owned he took the things, and that they were mine, before several people, and afterwards before the sitting alderman. He had lived with me about three years, and behaved very well. The day before this accident he went and received 20 l. for me, and brought it home safe.

William Tap and Thomas Gibbs deposed to the seeing the prisoner's box searched, and sugar found in it, and also to his confession.

Prisoner's Defence.

I acknowledge these things were my master's. My poor brother came up to town, and catch'd the small-pox. I assisted him with money till I had none. I took these things, intending to have made master satisfaction, when in my power.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Jones.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-34

Related Material

129. (M.) Mary Jones , widow , was indicted for stealing nineteen yards of linen cloth, value 4 s. 6 d. the property of Thomas Law , Feb. 4 . ++

Richard Law . I am servant to my brother Thomas Law . The prisoner came into our shop, and asked for three quarters of a yard of cheque. I had sold a customer eight pieces of Irish. Then I went to serve the prisoner. When she was gone I missed a piece of Irish, which was tied up ready to send to the customer that had just bought it. I called after the prisoner. She ran away, and I after her, and took and brought her back. I call'd my sister down stairs, and she found it under the prisoner's petticoats.

Elizabeth Law . I searched the prisoner, and found this piece of cloth. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Edward Trevor.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-35
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

130. (M.) Edward Trevor was indicted for stealing two blankets, value 4 s. one linen sheet, value 1 s. 6 d. the goods of Hugh Carrine , in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c. Jan. 1 . ++

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Hannah Watkins.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-36
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

131. (M.) Hannah Watkins , spinster , was indicted for stealing 26 yards of gauze, value 6 l. 10 s. the property of Gabriel Blewart , privately in his shop , Jan. 20 . +

Elizabeth Blewart . I live in Cranbourn-Alley , my husband's name is Gabriel. I was at work with my two apprentices in the parlour, on the 20th of Jan. about three in the afternoon; I look'd through a glass door and saw a little girl take something out of the shop; my two apprentices ran and brought her back, and this piece of gauze; produced in court and deposed to. She desired I'd forgive he, and said she'd never do so any more. This gauze was in the window just before.

Ann Whitaker . I was in the parlour with my mistress and fellow apprentice; my mistress said a girl in a brown cloak had stole something. I and my fellow apprentice ran and took the prisoner. She fell upon her knees and beg'd forgiveness; we took the gauze from her, and brought her and that back.

Prisoner's Defence.

I met a woman with a scarlet cloak, who gave it me and bid me hold it.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately in the shop .

[Transportation. See summary.]

George Young.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-37
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

132. (M.) George Young was indicted for stealing one gold ring, with nine diamonds set thereon, value 10 l. the property of Joseph Dunton , Feb. 11 . +

Joseph Dunton . The prisoner and I were fellow servants to Mr. Bradil, in Queen-street, Westminster . I had a ring with eight small diamonds and one large one in it, in my waistcoat pocket, on Wednesday

the 8th instant; on the Friday following I missed it. The waistcoat hung in the passage three or four hours each day. The Monday following I advertised it, by which means I found it at a pawnbroker's nam'd Brown, in Marybone-street, (produced in court and deposed to.)

Nathaniel Brown . This ring was sent me by Mrs. Allen, who lives near me; she desired me to send her half a guinea upon it.

Mary Allen . Last Monday was fortnight the prisoner at the bar came to my house and drank two pints of wine; he gave me the ring to pawn, and I sent it to Mr. Brown.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went to her house with a girl and staid there all night.

Acquitted .

Catharine Sanders.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-38
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

133. (M.) Catharine Sanders , widow , was indicted for stealing three linen shifts, value 7 s. one silver clasp, one silver tea-spoon, one cloth petticoat, one linen handkerchief, one silk handkerchief, one muslin handkerchief, eighteen linen caps, two linen aprons, two pair of worsted stockings, and nine shillings in money number'd , the goods and money of John Hickey , Jan. 24 .*

John Hickey. I am a chairman and live in Tyburn-Road . I took the prisoner in out of charity, and on the 24th of January I missed the goods mention'd in the indictment.

Barbary Hickey. The prisoner went away on the 24th of January, and I missed the goods mention'd. I took her up in Bond-street about a month after, and charg'd her with taking the things. She told me where she had pawn'd them; she had an apron, a cap and handkerchief of mine, on her.

John Baptist Mason. I am a pawnbroker, I receiv'd a petticoat and shift of a woman on the 9th of Jan. but whether it was the prisoner I cannot remember. Produced in court and deposed to.

Sarah Stone . I went along with the prosecutor to see the prisoner in the Gatehouse; there she own'd selling the tea-spoon and clasp to a silversmith at the upper end of the Haymarket for 5 s. and that she had pawn'd a silk handkerchief in Crane-Court for 18 d. The last we found again, and an apron which she said was pawn'd in Walker's-Court; produced and deposed to.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Rachael Hambleton.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-39

Related Material

134. (L.) Rachael Hambleton was indicted for stealing one linen apron, value 2 s. one ditto, value 1 s. one cloth cloak and one linen shift , the goods of David Osaview , Jan. 17 . ||

Abigail Osaview . I live in Castle Yard , Hounsditch, my husband's name is David. I took the prisoner in my house on this condition, that she'd do a little for my children. I went out a nurse-keeping, and to make passover cakes for our Jews. I taxed her with taking the things mention'd, and she confess'd it, and said the white apron she had pawn'd for a shilling, and the colour'd one was lost; the shift she had then on.

David Androdrey . I heard the prisoner confess before the sitting alderman, that she had taken the things mention'd away.

Prisoner's Defence.

They may say what they please. I never saw a farthing of their money. The cloak and colour'd apron I had, and lost them at market.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Noise.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-40
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

Related Material

135. (M.) Elizabeth Noise , spinster , was indicted for stealing one half guinea and fifty-five shillings in money number'd , the money of John Goring , Jan. 11 *

John Goring. I live at Stains ; the prisoner was my servant , but not when the fact was committed. On the 11th of January my servant found her above stairs. I had put a bag of money in a chest of drawers, which was missing. We search'd the prisoner in the Round-house, and found the money mention'd in the indictment down her bosom.

William Dastin . I am servant to Mr. Goring, as I was sitting by the fire about eight o'clock in the evening, the 11th of last month, I thought I heard somebody go up stairs. I went up and found the prisoner at the bar behind the closet-door joining to the garret. I took her down stairs, and my master charged a constable with her, and sent her to the Round-house.

William Date . I am constable, I was charg'd with the prisoner. I search'd her in the Round-house and found 19 half-crowns, 6 shillings, half a guinea and 4 six-pences.

The prisoner said nothing in her defence, but call'd Mr. Tobury, Wm Roach , and James Taylor , who all gave her a good character.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

George Cook.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-41
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

136. (M.) George Cook was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 5 s. the property of George Furnis , Feb 19 .*

George Furnis. I lost a surtout coat from off my coach-box at the end of Cornhill , and found it again at Mr. Hunt's, in Monmouth Street. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)

Mr. Hunt. I deal in old cloaths. I bought this coat of the prisoner at the bar last Friday was se'nnight.

Prisoner's Defence.

I found the coat in the street.

Guilty, 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Witson, Henry Flannakin, John Slee.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-42
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

137, 138, 139. (M.) John Witson , Henry Flannakin , and John Slee , were indicted for that they, in the dwelling-house of Henry Flannakin , on Christopher Hoddard , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from him 5 s. in money number'd , Dec. 2 . +

The prosecutor deposed that the money was produced to lay a wager, that Flannakin took it, and call'd for wine with it, that there were two or three other people drinking in the room, and they staid together some time after. It appearing to the court to be only a drunken quarrel, they were all three acquitted .

Mary Macnamara.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbert17570223-43

Related Material

140. (M.) Mary wife of James Macnamara was indicted for stealing three pair of worstead stockings, value 4 s. one muslin neckcloth, value 2 s. and two linen handkerchiefs , the goods of Charles Peirce , Jan. 8 . +

Ann Swan . I live at Mr. Peirce's, in Castle-street, Leicester-fields . The prisoner was chairwoman there. We had missed things last Sunday was five weeks. I saw the prisoner with a handkerchief on, which I thought was my master's. I followed her home, and desired to see it, and shew'd her the mark upon it. (Produced in court.) She said it was not his, but that it belong'd to another person. I desired her to bring it, which she did on the Sunday morning following. Then she had taken out the P. and put in a D. I can safely swear it is my master's property. Master had her taken up on suspicion, and desired me to go to the pawnbroker's, to see for other things, and at Mr. Rochford's I found three pair of worstead stockings, a neckcloth, and two colour'd handkerchiefs ( produced in court.) These are my master's property.

William Rose . I am servant to Mr. Peirce. I know these stockings to be my master's property. I was by when they were found at Mr. Rochford's.

William Wakefield . I live with Mr. Rochford. The prisoner pawned these things with me.

Prisoner's Defence.

Ann Swan gave me these things to do her work for her, because she was not able to do it:

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbers17570223-1

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of Death 5.

Gabriel Sav oy, Richard Hughes , William Harris , Thomas Marsh , and William Hardwidge .

Transported for fourteen Years 2.

Robert Timperly , and Edward Woods .

Transported for seven Years 24.

Matthew Carr , William Warner , Rachael Hambleton , William Watkins , Jane Floyd , Elizabeth Pevit , James Griffith , Paul Allard , William Barnett , Catharine Sanders , Leonard Clark , Martha Pritchard , John Howland , George Cook , Hannah Watkins , Mary Macnamara , William Probat , Ann Hogan , Lawrence Gorman , Elizabeth King , Mary Smith , Mary Jones , Edward Troward , and Elizabeth George .

To be Branded 4.

Thomas Barber , Molly Hains Windsor, Elizabeth Noise , and Thomas Powel .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
23rd February 1757
Reference Numbera17570223-1

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Just published (2d Edition) Price bound 8 s.

BRACHYGRAPHY: OR, SHORT-WRITING Made easy to the meanest Capacity:

The Persons, Moods and Tenses, being comprized in such a Manner, that little more than the Knowledge of the Alphabet is required to the writing Hundreds of Sentences in less Time than spoken.

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