Old Bailey Proceedings.
20th October 1756
Reference Number: 17561020

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
20th October 1756
Reference Numberf17561020-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 20th, Thursday the 21st, and Friday the 22d of OCTOBER,

In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER VIII. for the YEAR 1756. Being the Eighth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble SLINGSBY BETHELL, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street. 1756.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable SLINGSBY BETHELL, Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; My Lord Chief Justice Willes, * Mr. Justice Clive. + The Honourable Mr. Baron Legge . || Sir WILLIAM MORETON , Knt. Recorder, ++ and other of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.

N. B. The Characters * + || ++ direct to the Judge by whom the prisoner was tried, also (L.) (M.) by what Jury.

London Jury.

John Watts

Thomas Harding

Hampson Gurry

John Grace

John Woollams

John Bazdin ~

~ Thomas Hodgson was sworn part of the time, in the room of Mr. Bazdin, who was a constable, and to give evidence on a trial before that Jury.

Edward Hanson

Richard Farmer

Edward Tyler

William Mills

James Hall

Nathaniel Piggott

Middlesex Jury.

Francis Wilder

William Matthews

Nicholas Wright

Richard Aderson

Isaac Daniel

William Robey

Henry Battey

John Spiller

Thomas Byron

William Fillingham

Enoch Walter

Benjamin Rabbett

William Yardley.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-1
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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397. (L.) William Yardley was indicted for stealing seven pounds weight of sugar, value 20 d. the property of Hutcherson Mure and Alexander Campbel , September 9 . ++

Mark Cowley . I saw the prisoner take a quantity of sugar out of a hogshead, on Saturday the 9th of September. I shew'd it to Francis Hobman . The prisoner flung the sugar down. It was taken up and deliver'd to the constable.

Francis Hobman. That hogshead belongs to Mess. Mure and Campbel. ( John Rawlings the constable produced the sugar )

Prisoner's defence.

I went by the hogshead and saw one person take a handful, and another the same; but I never touch'd it.

Guilty .

[Whipping. See summary.]

John Norris.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-2

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398. (M.) John Norris was indicted for stealing two pair of linen sheets, value 7 s. the property of William Aringdell , one pressing iron, value 2 s. the property of John Pinchbeck , one pressing iron, value 2 s. and one pair of shears , the goods of Rice Powel , October 6 . ++

John Pinchbeck. I am a taylor , and live at No. 9, in Steward's Rents, with my father in law. The prisoner came to lodge there, and the first night he took away the things mention'd. He was suspected, and taken on the Saturday following, and charged with taking them. He owned he had, and help'd us to the two pair of sheets, one iron, and the pair of shears again.

Catharine Aringdell. The prisoner lodged in my house one night, and took the things away which are mentioned in the indictment. He was taken, and own'd the fact, and sent for his wife. She brought the two pair of sheets, the pressing iron, and pair of shears again.

Prisoner's defence.

I was taken very ill and fouled the sheets in the night, and I took them to the washerwoman to be wash'd, and she pawn'd them; I took the other things to do a job with for a day or two.

Q. to prosecutrix. Did you lay two pair of sheets on the prisoner's bed?

C. Aringdell. I had taken a dirty pair off, and put a clean pair on, and the dirty pair were left in his room that night.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Grant.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-3
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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399. Elizabeth wife of William Grant was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 3 s. the property of Dennis Dailey , October 4 .

No prosecutor appearing, she was acquitted .

Peter Careless.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-4
VerdictNot Guilty

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400. (M.) Peter Careless was indicted for stealing one sword, value 6 s. the property of His Majesty , Oct. 2 . ||

George Keith . I work in the sword-cutlery way, and live in Gardner's-Lane, King-Street, Westminster. On the 2d of this instant, between the hours of four and five in the evening, I heard a knocking at the door, but was not the first person that came down. I saw nobody there, and the key of my street door was taken away; I also missed a sword, the property of His Majesty. The prisoner was taken up about eight or nine days after; he had the same sword which I missed, and he deliver'd it to the constable in my presence.

Prisoner. I am so superannuated I know not what I do, any more than the man in the moon; I never wrong'd man, woman or child.

John Keith . I am on to the other witness. The prisoner knock'd at our door on the 2d of this instant, between four and five in the afternoon. I heard the sash of the window rise up; after which somebody came in and call'd, Master. I came down, but did not see any body. I know it was the prisoner that call'd Master.

Q. How long have you known the prisoner at the bar?

J. Keith. About four or five years, and have been in company with him several times. I missed a regimental sword belonging to the first regiment of guards. I believe the prisoner is out of his senses.

Samuel Carr . I am a constable, and took the prisoner up this day se'n-night at an alehouse near the Horse-ferry; he went home and fetch'd this sword and sheath, and deliver'd them to me (the sword produced in court.) I believe he is not in his senses.

Q. to G. Keith. Is this the sword you lost?

G. Keith. It is No. 19. the same sword.

Prisoner's defence.

I can't speak as I would. I gave a woman 2 s. 3 d. for the sword; I thought it no harm to have it, and I gave it the man again.

For the prisoner.

William Rogers . I have known him 16 or 17 years. I verily believe he is now out of his senses, but I always took him to be an honest man.

James Pettit . I have known him seven years; he lodged with me, and is an old cloaths man. I never knew any ill of him.

David Davidson . I have known the prisoner some time, and always took him to be a very honest man; but he has been out of his senses two years.

Hugh Spencer . I live in Orchard-Street, Westminster; I have known him about 18 years, and know no ill of his character.

Acquitted .

Charles Gutteridge.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-5

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401. (M.) Charles Gutteridge was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 5 s. the property of William Harvest , September 27 . ++

William Harvest . I lost my great coat, and the prisoner was taken with it upon him, and carried before a magistrate, and there in my hearing said he found it. Mr. Barringer can give the court a better account.

Richard Barringer . Mr. Harvest serves me with liquors, and he was at my house at a treat. The coat was tied on the saddle of his horse in the stable. I missed it, and suspecting the prisoner, my little child directed me which way he was gone. I persued, and took him with the great coat upon him, and he delivered it to me (the coat produced in court, and deposed to.)

The prisoner had nothing to say in his defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Hannah Judkins.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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402. (M.) Hannah Judkins , otherwise Jenkins , spinster , was indicted for stealing one stuff gown, value 4 s. one silk petticoat, value 6 s. two silver tea spoons, one linen handkerchief, one pair of worstead stockings, and one linen shirt , the property of James Kirby , Sept. 27 . ++

James Kirby . I lost the goods mention'd in the indictment, and suspecting the prisoner, found the handkerchief and stockings upon her. I took her up, and charged her with taking the goods mention'd, and she confessed she sold the gown and petticoat.

Q. Did you promise you would not prosecute her if she'd confess?

Kirby. I did; but she would not confess then. She did afterwards.

Dennis Kirby . I am wife to the prosecutor. The prisoner confessed she took the goods and threw them out of the window.

Q. Where do you live?

D. Kirby. At Hendon. She had some of them on her back, and she said she carried the gown and petticoat to London, and sold them; the gown for 8 s. and the petticoat for 6 s. and 6 d.

Q. Did she live with you ?

D. Kirby. No.

Q. How could she get into the house ?

D. Kirby. She said she got in at the window. The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

To her character.

Mr. Nichols. I have known the prisoner from her birth. She had a good character before this, and as for this I know nothing of it.

Mr. Brooks. I have known her two or three years, and never knew any ill of her; how this affair happened I cannot tell.

Acquitted .

William Higgins.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-7

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403. (M.) William Higgins was indicted for stealing five cloth coats, value 5 l. two cloth waistcoats, value 1 l. two silk waistcoats, value 1 l. one pair of silver spurs, value 17 s. one pair of leather boots, value 17 s. one pair of silver buckles, val. 5 s. one hat, value 5 s. one pair of silk stockings, value 4 s. three linen shirts, value 1 l. two silk handkerchiefs, value 5 s. three pair of ruffles, value 1 l. two pair of leather shoes, value 14 s. one cloth coat, one pair of leather breeches, and one portmantua, the goods of John Vanhonrigh , in the dwelling-house of Hannah Townshend , widow, October 7 . +

John Vanhonrigh . I live in Norfolk-Street, in the Strand , in the house of Mrs. Hannah Townshend. The prisoner was my servant , and I trusted him with the care of my cloaths and linen.

Q. How long was he your servant?

Vanhonrigh. Above three years. My cloaths were in boxes and trunks in my lodgings.

Q. What did you lose ?

Vanhonrigh. I lost four suits of cloaths, I can't say how many shirts. There were five coats, two silk waistcoats, and two cloth ones, a pair of silver spurs, a pair of boots, and some silk stockings missing.

Q. When did you miss them?

Vanhonrigh. I did not miss them till he absented himself and wrote me a letter, giving me an account of them, the 7th instant; that he was in distress, and had pawn'd them for twelve guineas. These were cloaths that I did not often wear, so I did not miss them before. I had him taken up on the 9th. I brought him before justice Fielding, and there he told me where he had pawn'd them, being at four places.

Q. Name the persons names.

Vanhonrigh. Mr. Morris, Mr. Brooks, Mr. Ashburnham, and Mr. Parker. They are all here, and the cloaths.

John Norris . I am a pawnbroker. [He looks on a parcel of wearing-apparel.] These were brought and pawn'd with me by the prisoner at the bar at four different times.

Q. What did you lend him on them?

Norris. On one parcel. I lent him eight shillings and five pence, another five-shillings and six-pence; another six-shillings, and the other four shillings.

Q. to prosecutor. Look at these goods, do you know them?

Prosecutor. They are all my property.

James Brooks . I am a pawnbroker, and live in the Strand. The prisoner brought me these three coats and other things, which are here before me, at twelve different times.

Q. How many articles are there of them?

Brooks. There are thirteen of them.

Q. to prosecutor. Do you know these goods?

Prosecutor. They are my property.

Thomas Parker . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner brought and pawn'd with me, two coats, some waistcoats, and three shirts. These are the same (looking at them.)

Q. to prosecutor. Do you know these cloaths ?

Prosecutor. They are all my property.

Prisoner's defence.

I had been greatly distressed by sickness, and from time to time I carried these things out; but not finding myself able to get them again, I wrote my master a letter; that if he would advance me twelve guineas to get them out I'd ask for no more money til l I had made it clear. I leave it to the mercy of the court.

Guilty . Death .

John Martin.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-8
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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404. John Martin , otherwise Christopher Snowden , was indicted for stealing one pair of leather pumps, value 1 s. one pair of leather breeches, value 1 s. two linen shirts, value 2 s. the goods of Edward Dodd .

No prosecutor appearing, he was acquitted .

The recognizances were ordered to be estreated.

Mary .
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-9
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty > no prosecutor

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405. (M.) Mary wife of John Booker was indicted for stealing one pair of pumps, value 1 s. and 6 d. the property of John Young , October 19 .*

Guilty. 10 d .

She was a second time indicted for stealing one pair of stays, value 2 s. and 6 d. the property of Mary Woolfe , widow , October 16 .*

Mary Woolfe did not appear. The prisoner was acquitted.

Sarah Anchors.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-10
VerdictNot Guilty

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405. (M.) Sarah Anchors , widow , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 7 s, the goods of Thomas Knowler , in a certain lodging room lett by contract , &c. Oct. 8 . ++

Thomas Knowler . The prisoner hired a ready furnish'd lodging of me some time in this month, I know not the day; she gave me six-pence earnest, and the Friday following she and the sheets were missing. I took her up, and before justice Gower she own'd she put the sheets on her bed by my order, but did not know what was become of them.

Q. What were the sheets worth ?

Knowler. They cost me three half crowns, and never were wetted but once.

Prisoner's defence. I never took the room of him, a man that I lived with hired the room.

Acquitted .

James M'call.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-11
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

407. ( M.) James M'call was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 30 s. the property of Francis Murphy , Oct. 11 . +

Francis Murphy . I am bar-keeper at Mr. Nusham's, the Crown in Holloway-Lane . The prisoner came there last Monday was a week, and called for a pint of beer; he sat down, and ask'd me what it was o'clock. I pull'd out my watch, and said it was a quarter too slow; he took it up, and said so it was, and put it in his pocket. In a few minutes time I turn'd about, and said I believe you have made a mistake in putting my watch in your pocket and then he offer'd me some reasons for his so doing.

Q. What reasons did he assign?

Murphy. He had been at our house, and wanted to buy a spotted dog of mine, asking me a guinea to boot betwixt this watch and my dog. He came again in a day or two after, when we agreed for half a guinea to boot, which I gave him, and he took away the dog and left the watch, the same which he put into his pocket; at that time he said he was advised to take the watch away.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did you ever hear that the dog had been stolen from a gentleman, who had claim'd him of the prisoner?

Murphy. I did hear so.

Acquitted . [Then the court order'd the prisoner to return the prosecutor his half guinea, and the prosecutor to deliver the watch back to the prisoner.]

John Godfery.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-12
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

408. John Godfery was indicted for stealing one Pinchbeck metal watch, value 20 s. and one linen gown, value 10 s. the goods of James Johnson , Sept. 17 .

No evidence appearing he was acquitted , and the recognizances order'd to be estreated.

John Stubbs.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-13
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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409. (M.) John Stubbs was indicted for stealing 12 s. in money number'd, the property of Mary Hudson , widow , privately in her shop , Sept. 24 . +

Mary Hudson . I keep a cheesemonger's shop in St. John Street . The prisoner is an apprentice to Mr. Warder, a ferril maker, and came to my shop the 23d of last month for 2 lb of cheese for a neighbour. I said if they wanted it they would have sent somebody else. I thought he was gone away, but on seeing him go out a little time after, I look'd about, and missed twelve shillings in half-pence, which were in a little wooden tray behind the counter. I call'd after him, but was afraid to leave my shop to run after him. He was taken the next day, and I charging a constable with him he own'd he took the halfpence away, some of which were found upon him.

Jacob Harvey . I am a constable, and had charge of the prisoner; I searched him, and found three shillings and a halfpeny in half-pence, and two sixpences. He owned this money to be part of what he took out of the prosecutrix's shop, that he had another in company with him, and they shared the money by each a handfull.

Prisoner. He said he would hit me a good knock if I would not say I took the money.

Guilty of stealing, but not in the shop .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Young.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-14

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410. (M.) Mary Young , spinster , was indicted for stealing one laced cap, value 2 s. one dimity robe for a child, value 1 s. one cloth coat, one pair of sattin shoes, and three damask tablecloths , the goods of Patrick White , August 23 . +

Margaret White . My husband's name is Patrick. He is master of a ship , and now in Maryland. I live in Narrow-Street, Ratcliff-Cross, and the prisoner was my servant . I missed the things mention'd in the indictment, and her, on the 17th of July last. She was taken, and confessed she had taken the things, and by her direction they were found (produced in court.)

Sarah Seymore . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner brought these things, and pawn'd them with me at five or six times.

Q. Where do you live?

S. Seymore. I live at Ratcliff-Cross.

Q. to prosecutrix. Look at these things, do you know them?

Prosecutrix. They are my property.

Elizabeth Levers . I came to live with Mrs. White a little before the prisoner went away. I heard her confess when she was taken, that she took the things, and pawn'd them with Mrs. Seymore, and that she had no confederate with her.

Sarah Trevers . I heard her confess the same.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Eleanor Riland.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-15
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

411. (M.) Eleanor Riland , spinster , was indicted for stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. one gold ring, value 30 s. one pair of silver buckles, value 20 s, nine guineas and twelve shillings in money number'd , the goods and money of John Duncan , October 17 . ++

John Duncan . I came from Portsmouth on Saturday last. The next day I went from the Borough to Chelsea, where I am a pensioner, and coming back again between seven and eight o'clock at night, I met the prisoner in Westminster with a light in her hand, and I being very ill, ask'd her to shew me a lodging. She took me to an empty house, where I sat down, and had a fit. Her candle went out, and she went out to get it lighted; but not returning, I began to search my pockets, and missed my watch, a gold ring, nine guineas, twelve shillings, and my silver buckles out of my shoes. I went and call'd out, I had been rob'd. The people came about, and I described the prisoner so well that they took me to the house where she lodged; but she was not to be found. I got a warrant and constable the next day, and search'd the house, and was told she and another woman were gone by water. We took water and went to Lombard-Street, and found them in a silversmith's shop selling a gold ring; but that was not mine.

Q. Did you get any of your things again ?

Duncan. No, I did not. She had some silver about her, but none of my things. She told me yesterday in the prison that I gave her the buckles.

Q. Are you certain the prisoner is the woman?

Duncan. To the best of my knowledge I believe she is.

Prisoner's defence.

I never saw the prosecutor till I was taken up.

Q. to prosecutor. Was you sober?

Prosecutor. I was indeed.

Q. Are you subject to its ?

Duncan. I am, and was discharged out of the service on that occasion.

Acquitted .

Robert Turvey.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-16
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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412. Robert Turvey was indicted for stealing one grey gelding, value 30 s the property of John Smither , August 25 .

The prosecutor not appearing, he was acquitted , and the recognizance ordered to be estreated.

Margaret Pitcher, Rose Banks.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-17
VerdictsNot Guilty

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413. 414. (M.) Margaret Pitcher , spinster , was indicted for stealing one dimity gown, five muslin caps, two linen handkerchiefs, one silk handkerchief, two linen aprons, and one hat , the goods of George Merriott , and Rose Banks for receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen , October 16 .*

Ellen Merriott. I am wife to George, but do not live with him. I live with my mother Ellen Tilley , in East Smithfield. I lost a few trisling things on the 16th of this instant, being on a Saturday.

Court. Name them.

E. Merriott. A gown.

Q. What is the value of that ?

E. Merriott. Four-pence. I lost five caps, one of them a muslin one

Q. What do you value them at ?

E. Merriott. At a penny each. I lost two linen handkerchiefs.

Q. What do you value them at?

E. Merriott. Two-pence. I lost one silk handkerchief.

Q. What is the value of that ?

E. Merriott. One-penny. I lost two aprons, value two-pence, and a hat, value one penny.

Q. Where did you lose them from ?

E. Merriott. From out of my mother's house.

Q. Did you ever see these valuable things since?

E. Merriott. They were brought home by Rose Banks. I know nothing against Pitcher or she either.

Both acquitted .

John Pinchen.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-18
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

415. (L.) John Pinchen was indicted for stealing eleven yards of silk ribbon, value 5 s. 6 d. the goods of Philip Harison , privately in the shop of the said Philip, Sept. 24 . ||

Philip Harison . I am a mercer in the Cloysters, West-Smithfield . The prisoner came into my shop on the 24th of September last, to look upon some ribbons. My niece call'd to me immediately, and said, she had missed some ribbon; I look'd in the prisoner's pocket and saw it there. The prisoner took it out, and laid it on the counter, and said what have I done? ( produced in court, and deposed to.)

Q. How much is there of it ?

Harison. There are a eleven yards and half. I sent for a constable, and took him to the Mansion House.

Ann Dawson . The prisoner came into our shop the 24th of September, and desired to look at some ribbons. I took down the drawer with ribbons in it, and set it before him. He look'd at a good many pieces, and kept a piece in his hand; he pitch'd upon some, and desired me to cut off one yard. When I was cutting off the yard, I missed the piece out of his hand. I look'd for it, and saw it in his pocket, as he stopped down. I said, there it is, to my uncle that stood by me. After that, he himself took it out of his pocket, and laid it on the counter.

Prisoner's defence.

I was always a hard working lad. I am innocent of the thing. I pick'd it up off the ground, and gave it to a fat gentlewoman that was in the shop.

To his character.

Winifred Hussey . I have known the prisoner these dozen years. I live in White-Hart Court, Old Street.

Q. What is the prisoner's character?

W. Hussey. He sells greens about with a cart. I never heard any harm of him in my life. He is a very good seaman. He was at sea I believe seven years before I knew him.

Elizabeth Eagan . I live in Old Street, and have known him five or six years. I never heard nothing by him, but that of an honest young man.

Guilty. 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Hudson.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-19

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416. (L.) John Hudson was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 2 s. 8 d. the property of Alice Bull , widow , October 19 . ||

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Samuel Lawrence.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-20
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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417. (L.) Samuel Lawrence was indicted for stealing 2 s. in money number'd , the property of William Cheltenham , Oct. 19 . ||

William Cheltenham . The prisoner was my apprentice , as a turnover, in the scowering and hot-pressing way.

Q. How long had he been your apprentice ?

Cheltenham. About fifteen months. Some time past, I could not apprehend how he came by so much money as he spent, going to clubs, and being out late at nights. I ask'd him how he supported it. He said he borrowed the money. Last Monday I put six-shillings and six-pence into the till, with two farthings, all in copper. I went out of the way in the afternoon, and desired my wife to keep the children out of the shop. When I came home at night, I sent him of an errand. Then I told the money, and found nine-pence missing. In the morning I went out again, and when he came to my wife for the key, I bid her tell him I was gone out, which she did. After that I told [I had an opportunity, he being gone out] the money, and missed one-shilling and six-pence more. Then I charged him with having taken this money. He owned it, and shew'd it me in a canvas bag. I ask'd him for the key with which he open'd the till, and after some time he produced it; and after that he own'd to me he had, within a fortnight, taken out about seven shillings.

Q. Did you make him any promises?

Cheltenham. I said, I am glad I did not mark the halfpence, and that I'd beg the court to be tender, and send him on board a ship, sooner than hang him.

James Fenton . I happened to be at the prosecutor's, and heard the prosecutor charge the prisoner with taking two shillings and three-pence. He own'd it, and said he had taken about seven shillings out of the till, since he had had that key; which was about a fortnight. I saw him deliver the key to his master, and I opened the till with the key myself.

Q. from prisoner. Did not my mistress use to go that drawer?

Prosecutor. No, not that day. I had the key myself.

Francis Lilley the constable deposed to his confession, and seeing the key open the lock.

Prisoner's defence.

I never tried the key, and am very innocent of what I am charged with; I had borrowed half a crown on Sunday last of Mr. Twycross, and in the evening, I changed it into halfpence, being very dry, with a milkwoman in Fleet-Street, to drink a halfpenny worth of milk.

For the prisoner.

Mr. Twycross. I am a victualler, and live in Long-Lane. I have known the prisoner about a year and half, and I never heard any ill of him. He borrowed half a crown of me last Sunday.

Q. Was it in one piece?

Twycross. I do not know that now.

Q. What time of the day was it?

Twycross. Much about three in the afternoon.

Q. Where did he go afterwards?

Twycross. Indeed I can't tell.

Susannah Oakley . I have known the prisoner all the days of his life. I am his grandmother. He is a very honest lad. I never knew any ill of him.

Jane Whip . I have known him between three and four years. I never heard that he misbehaved in any one thing.

John Richards . I have known him seven or eight years. I never knew any ill of him, and was he clear'd, I'd take care of him till I could get him to sea.

James Barton . I have known the prisoner about half a year, and always understood him to be a very honest sober lad.

John Trubshaw . I am a scowerer, and live in Bartholomew-Close; I have known him seven years. I work'd with him two years, and never knew any harm of him till this affair.

Thomas Tipler . I am a baker, and have known the prisoner betwixt six and seven years. I never heard any otherwise but that he was a very honest lad, till this day.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

Thomas Gregory.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-21
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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418. Thomas Gregory was indicted for stealing two copper nails, value 2 s. the property of William Boyfield and Francis Philton , Oct. 4 .

No evidence appearing, he was acquitted .

Thomas Heath.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-22
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

419. (L.) Thomas Heath was indicted, for that he, on the 13th of September , about the hour of three in the night, the dwelling-house of Christopher Holyland did break and enter, one pair of silver knee buckles set with crystal stones, value 10 s. forty-eight counterfeit half-pence, value 3 d. one iron tobacco box, value one penny, one guinea and one 36 s. piece of gold, and twenty-one shillings in money number'd, the goods and money of Christopher Holyland, and five shillings in money, the property of William Mitchel , in the dwelling house of the said Christopher, did steal, take, and carry away . ++

Sarah Brandiss . I live servant with Mr. Holyland, at the Bell in Friday-Street . On the 14th of September, when I came down in the morning, I found a book-cafe door open, that I never saw open but once before; it was in the room behind the bar. I observed it was broke open, and also that the till in the bar was broke. I said to the porter, What have you been doing, as the locks are broke open? but he made me no answer. I went up, and told the drawer the locks were broke open. We came down, and found the two drawers out of the book-cafe and the till in different places. The window on the ground floor was open, which had been fasten'd the night before; and there was a box belonging to our little boy lying open, which he said his money was in.

Q. Was the prisoner a servant in that house?

S. Brandiss. He had been, but not in my time.

Cross Examination.

Q. Where did the porter lie?

S. Brandiss. About four yards from the place that was broke open.

Q. Where did the boy lie?

S. Brandiss. He lay with him, but the porter was very much in liquor.

Nicholas Silver . I was a servant in the house at the time.

Q. In what capacity?

Silver. I was waiter there. The last witness came up stairs, and told me as she has here mentioned. I went down with her, and saw the wood cut away from the door of the book cafe; it was wrench'd away from the lock, and I found a cooper's tap-borer left there. I went up stairs and found a window open, and a ladder of ropes in the room; the corner of the lead-work was turn'd up from the wood.

Q. How long had the prisoner been gone away then?

Silver. He had been discharged about eleven months.

Mary Holyland . My husband keeps the Bell tavern in Friday Street. I went to bed betwixt eleven and twelve on the 13th of September, and lock'd the doors myself. I saw the parlour windows fronting Friday-Street bolted. Next morning I was told my house had been rob'd. I went down and examined the book-cafe (which was broke open with a borer) and missed a pair of stone buckles which I had put there myself; two parcels of money, one about thirty shillings, the other about forty; I saw a guinea among it. I had the keys of this case, which stands behind the bar, the till of which was also broke open, wherein there were about the value of five shillings in good halfpence and a paper of bad halfpence, about two shillings worth; there was also an iron box with about five shillings in it belonging to one of the apprentices, and a bit of paper containing an account of what I laid out for him, which paper I always kept in that box, and put the box in the till. I wrote upon that paper what I paid for the boy after Mr. Holyland went out of town; it consisted of some of my husband's writing and some mine.

Council. This paper was sealed up by the grand jury.

Q. Look at this paper.

M. Holyland. This is the same paper that I mean, which I kept in the tobacco box. The last time I

wrote upon it I put it into it, put the box in the till, and had the key in my own possession.

Q. How came you to fix upon the prisoner, to take him up?

M. Holyland. Mr. Willets a plaisterer and two of his men came and told me they saw a man in Distaff-Lane, between the hours of three and five, describing his person and voice, which answer'd that of the prisoner; upon which I caused him to be taken up, my husband being out of town. The constable brought the prisoner to my house, who ask'd me what I had to alledge against him. I desired the constable to take him somewhere else, and he carried him to the Bull head in Bread Street. When he found he was going before my Lord mayor he desired to speak with me; he said he was quite innocent of the thing charged against him, but rather than be exposed he would make it up, and laid down I believe ten shillings upon the table, saying if that was not sufficient, and he had enough in the world, he would give it.

Cross Examination.

Q. from Prisoner. The constable that took me up said, If I would own it she would make it up for 3 or 4 guineas, is not that true?

M. Holyland. No, I know of no such thing.

Q. How long before this robbery was it that you wrote upon this paper?

M. Holyland. I wrote upon it some time in September.

Q. How much money might you lose?

M. Holyland. There was about 10 s. lost out of the till

Q. What out of the book cafe?

M. Holyland. Two parcels of money, one about thirty shillings, the other about forty.

Council for the Crown. Had you any occasion to open the box, from the time you wrote upon this paper till this robbery?

M. Holyland. No.

James Compton . I am a constable, and took up the prisoner on suspicion of his breaking Mr. Holy-land's house. The next day I went with him before alderman Gosling, where he said that the morning the robbery was committed he was at the Horns in Gutter Lane, having spent the evening there in company till one or two o'clock, when he went away in order to go home, but thinking the family was gone to bed he was not willing to disturb them, and went with a woman of the town, whom he met with at Holbourn-bridge, to some street near the watch house in High Holbourn, where he stay'd and drank some negus; he said he could find the house out, so I went thither with him in a coach, but not being able to find it, tho' we went to all the streets thereabouts, and into several houses, I brought him back to Guildhall. But we found out Mrs. Hays's house, where he said he had bought a handkerchief; they said he had been there that morning and bought a handkerchief, but paid 6 d. short, which he then paid.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did you inquire at the Horns in Gutter-Lane ?

Compton. I did.

Q. How long did they say he staid there?

Compton. They said the house was shut up at two, and he might stay there till half an hour after one.

Q. What time was he at Mrs. Hays's?

Compton. About a quarter after six.

William Willets . I am a plaisterer, and live in Distaff-Lane. On the 14th of September I was up at half an hour after three in the morning, and going to Little-Distaff Lane I perceived a man standing upon the step of Cordwainers-Hall (which is about four doors off the prosecutor's house, on the other side of the way) who was about the height and bulk of the prisoner.

Q. Can you say you believe it was he?

Willets. I can not. I tied my garters up at the corner, and the same person came behind; I went then into my own house, where I staid about a quarter of an hour, and went from thence into Cheapside, where my men were at work; I stay'd there till five o'clock, and then sent one of my men home and follow'd him, when I again saw that same person with the sides of the rope-ladder in his hand, I verily believe.

Robert Wright . I am a servant to the last witness, that morning I saw a person which I believe to be the prisoner (I can't say down right. ) It was about ten minutes before five o'clock. He ask'd me if I wanted the plaisterers. I said, yes. He said they are gone down the lane.

Q. Did you know this man before that time?

Wright. No, I did not.

Q. Did you hear him speak before the justice?

Wright. I did; but he spake more boldly before the justice than he did to me.

Joseph Timberly . I am a plaisterer, I can't swear the prisoner is the man, but the man I saw was about his height and bigness, that very night my master speaks of.

Margaret Ashpinwall . I keep the Horns, in Gutter Lane. I remember the time this robbery was committed. The prisoner was at my house, and breakfasted with me between nine and ten. The night before the robbery, he spent the evening (at a club) at my house, and staid till about five minutes before two. I saw him when he went away.

Q. Was he clean or dirty?

M. Ashpinwall. He was very clean.

Q. Did you hear of a wager laid?

M. Ashpinwall. I was in the room, and a half crown was thrown down by the prisoner, to bind the wager, which was for a guinea, and he said he had not a guinea. When they came down the reckoning came to nine-pence each One gentleman paid a shilling, and he insisted they should all pay alike, and leave money for the servant. I gave the prisoner three-pence out of a shilling, and he spent that at the bar in liquor.

Cross examination.

Q. What did he say about the halfpence ?

M. Ashpinwall. He said it was not worth his while to put them in his pocket, as having no more.

Q. Was he in liquor?

M. Ashpinwall. He was in liquor.

Q. What did he drink at the bar ?

M. Ashpinwall. He drank a couple of glasses there.

Q. Did you see he had any thing of bulls about him?

M. Ashpinwall. He had nothing at all about him.

Q. Had he a ladder?

M. Ashpinwall. No.

Jane Clark . I live at Mrs. Ann Hays's, at a sale-shop, Middle Row, St. Giles's. The prisoner came to our house on the 14th of last month, at about a quarter after six in the morning, and said he wanted to buy a ruffled shirt. He bought one. It cost nine shillings, and he paid for it in silver. He bought a handkerchief and neckcloth. One cost three shillings, and the other half a crown, and paid that five shillings and six-pence in halfpence. He had several bad halfpence about him, and gave me six-penny worth of them, and said. If I would not take them, he'd throw them away. At his first coming in, he told me he came twenty miles that morning (from Chichester) in the stage coach, to the Packhorse on Turnham Green, and that he had walked from thence to our house, and was very tired, and faint, and wanted to get him a pot of purl; I said, there was none to be got. Then he desired us to get him a pint of rasbury. There was none of that. Then he wanted to get a quartern of gin, and my fellow servant fetch'd it. He had a barber fetch'd, and was shaved, and paid him in halfpence. I joak'd with him, and said, I thought he had stood at a good corner that morning. He said, he had got a great many halfpence, which he took out of his father's bag, and that I had them as he had them.

Q. Was he clean or dirty?

J. Clark. He was extreamly dirty. His hands were of the colour of lead, and he desired to wash them. I carried him some water and soap, and he desired to have a scrubbing brush to get the dirt of his hands. I carried the brush to him, and brush'd the cobwebs off his cloaths.

Q. Did you take notice of any particular piece of paper?

J. Clark. I did. When he pull'd the money out of his coat pocket to pay, he pull'd out a piece of paper with it, which fell down. When he had paid me, he took up the paper and read it, and threw it from him into the window.

Q. Look at this paper.

J. Clark. (She took it in her hand.) Here is the mark I made on it. This is the same. It remain'd in the window till my mistress came home from Kentish Town. Then I told her I had had a customer from Chichester that morning, and that I had sold him a shirt and handkerchief. She thought it might have been a customer of her's these, that with her very largely, and was angry with me for letting him go before she came. I said, I kept him as long as I could, and that he went away about nine, and left a piece of paper behind him, by which she might tell what trade or business he is of. She look'd at it, and said, I can't tell by this; but it is one that is very curious, for he sets down what his shoes and mending costs; I'll lay it by till I see him again, and lock'd it up in her cupboard, in the parlour. I never saw it after, till the 23d of the same month.

Q. How came that paper to light?

J. Clark. On the 23d Mr. Holyland came to our house, and examined me, whether I had seen any thing of his; after he had been told by my mistress, and shewn this paper. When she ask'd him if he knew any thing of that paper, he immediately said it was his and his wife's hand writing. The next day we went before justice Fielding, and there Mr. Holyland swore to the paper, as part of his hand writing.

Cross examination.

Q. When did you see the prisoner the second time?

J. Clark. He came the 14th of September, and I saw him again the Thursday following at Guildhall.

Q. Was there any talk about this paper at Guild-Hall.

J. Clark. It was not mention'd there.

Q. Do you not know some of the servants at Mr. Holyland's?

J. Clark. I did not before the robbery.

Q. Did not one of them frequently come to your house?

J. Clark. No, never; only when they sent for me to come to Guild Hall. That was the drawer that came then.

Q. How came Mr. Holyland to ask you after something more of his property?

J. Clark. He said, he lost some buckles, and ask'd me after them; I said, I saw a pair of buckles, but did not know what they were made of.

Mary Wade . I am servant to Mrs. Ann Hays , of Middle Row, St. Giles's. The prisoner came to our house and bought a rustled shirt, handkerchief and neckcloth. He paid for the neckcloth and handkerchief in halfpence, and at that time produced six pennyworth of bad ones. At his first coming in, he ask'd if he could be wash'd and shaved there, and I said he might. My fellow servant was in the kitchen at the time.

Q. Was he very dirty?

M. Wade. His hands were. I can't say as to his cloaths.

Ann Hays . I was not at home when the prisoner came to my house. When I came home my servant told me there had been a gentleman there, who came from Chichester, and had bought a russtled shirt, handkerchief and neckcloth, and with all he had left a bit of paper, and as she could not read, gave it to me, and I read it. It was about shoes making and mending, and paying for them. I thought it had been a customer of mine that lived at Chichester. I took and lock'd it up directly, thinking if he came again I'd give it him.

Q. Look at this paper.

A. Hays. (She takes it in her hand.) This is the same paper. Here is my name which I wrote upon it.

Q. What did you do with it?

A. Hays. I shew'd it to Mr. Holyland when he came, who desired me to come with it the next day to justice Fielding's, and there it was seal'd up to go before the grand jury.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was you not at home when the prisoners came to your house?

A. Hays. I was not when he bought the things, but was at home when he came afterwards with the other persons.

Q. What was the reason you did not shew them this paper then?

A. Hays. Really I did not think of it then.

Christopher Holyland . This paper (taking it in his hand) is of my own and my wife's writing.

Q. What is the nature of the paper?

Holyland. It is an account of money paid for mending and making shoes for our apprentice.

Q. Where was this paper kept?

Holyland. It was generally kept in an iron tobacco box, with the boy's money, and put in the till; we have four partitions in the till, and it was kept in the back partition.

Q. Who had the care of the till?

Holyland. My wife had at that time, I being out of town when the robbery was committed.

Cross examination.

Q. How near to the till and book-cafe did your servant lie?

Holyland. He lay in an open place in the entry, not a great distance off.

Q. At coming down stairs are not you obliged to go through that entry to go to the book-cafe?

Holyland. Yes, we are.

Q. Are there not doors between?

Holyland. There are two, but they are always left open.

Q. Does not one of your boys lie with the servant?

Holyland. Yes, he does.

Q. How high is your one pair of stairs window?

Holyland. It is 14 or 15 foot; I mean that which fronts Distaff Lane, the room the rope-ladder was found in.

Q. Do you think a drunken man could get up 14 or 15 foot high, then open a window and come down, and not awaken your servant?

Holyland. The ladder I apprehend to be just the same as any other ladder; it is very unlikely it should be done without awaking my servant, but

that it was done is certain; and the best reason I can give for it is this, My porter goes to bed earlier when I have company in the house than when I have not (we had four or five companies that day) he usually goes to bed between eleven and twelve, in order to get up to do the business of the house, and sometimes he goes to bed in liquor.

Q. Does your boy get in liquor?

Holyland. No, he does not.

Q. What were the contents of that piece of paper?

Holyland. The boy's little accounts were kept on it.

Q. Give an account how you first saw this piece of paper again.

Holyland. I came to town on the 20th of September and a day or two after being inform'd that a pair of buckles had been seen in Middle Row, at a shop where the prisoner had been, I went to the woman, who told me she saw a pair of buckles, but she could not take upon her to say they had stones set in them; she then ask'd me if I had lost any paper, and on my reply that I could not tell, she open'd a place and took out this paper, which I told her was mine, desiring her to take care of it, and bring it with her on the morrow.

Q. Did the prisoner once live with you?

Holyland. He did.

Q. to Mrs. Holyland. Look at this paper; see if you can find your own hand-writing.

Mrs. Holyland. Yes, here is my writing upon it, (pointing to it.)

Mrs. Langley. The prisoner lodged with me.

Q. Did he lie at home the night this robbery was committed?

Mrs. Langley. No, he did not.

Q. Where do you live?

Mrs. Langley. I live in the Fleet-market.

Cross Examination.

Q. Was he generally pretty regular as to coming home in the evening?

Mrs. Langley. He was.

Q. What is his general character?

Mrs. Langley. A very sober well behaved man, a man that I have trusted with a great deal; he has behaved exceeding well.

Q. Did you ever know him distress'd for want of money?

Mrs. Langley. No, never.

Q. Did he ever stay out in this manner before?

Mrs. Langley. He has staid out on nights before that time, but then I thought he might be at his uncle's.

Q. Has that been the case often?

Mrs. Langley. He has staid out two or three nights before.

Q. How long did he lodge at your house?

Mrs. Langley. I can't say how long; I believe about five months.

Q. Did you ever apprehend, when he has stay'd out, that he was about such business as he is now charged with?

Mrs. Langley. No, never.

Q. Had he an opportunity to have rob'd you of any thing?

Mrs. Langley. He had, of a great deal of money both in my drawers and shop, had he been so minded. I have trusted him to take money in my shop, and to go to my drawers; he has been a week together in my shop, while I have been in the country.

Q. What is your shop?

Mrs. Langley. It is in the coal trade: I have trusted him with 10 l. at a time; he has been faithful and just.

Prisoner's defence.

I am quite innocent, I know nothing at all of what I am charged with, nor of that paper.

For the prisoner.

Thomas Rakstraw . I was at the club, at the Horns in Gutter Lane, on the 13th of September, and the prisoner at the bar was there at the same time.

Q. How long did you stay?

Rakstraw. I stay'd there till the watchman was going two as I went out at the door; the prisoner went out when I did.

Q. Was he sober ?

Rakstraw. He could not be very sober, because we had drank pretty freely, and we drank some dry drams at the bar going away. I was not very sober myself, neither was he, or any in company.

Q. Where did the prisoner and you part?

Rakstraw. We parted at the door.

Q. Did you observe any thing of a rope ladder that he had got?

Rakstraw. No, I did not.

Q. How long have you known him?

Rakstraw. I have known him a month or better.

Q. How did he behave?

Rakstraw. He behaved exceeding well, which was the cause I took some coals of him.

Thomas Cobb . I have known the prisoner about five years.

Q. What is his general character?

Cobb. He was six months along with me, I always believed him to be an honest man. He was never out, but one night, after ten o'clock.

Q. What is your business?

Cobb. I am an upholsterer.

Q. How long is it since he lived with you?

Cobb. It is about nine months ago. He went from me to Mr. Cole in Fleet Street.

William Tipping . I have known him about eight years. He serv'd part of his time with me. He was a turnover for about four years.

Q. How was his behaviour?

Tipping. His behaviour was not agreeable while in my service; so I got rid of him as soon as he was out of his time.

Q. How was he as to honesty ?

Tipping. I can't say any thing as to that.

John Shaw . I have known him betwixt seven and eight years.

Q. Where do you live?

Shaw. I live in St. John's Street.

Q. What is the prisoner's general character ?

Shaw. He has a very good character. I never heard any thing but that of a well behaved honest man.

Q. What is your business?

Shaw. I am a distiller.

Thomas Wileraham . I have known him pretty near two years.

Q. What is his general character?

Wilbraham. I have always known him to be an honest prudent young fellow. He was always good natur'd, and has been a servant in several houses.

Q. What is your business?

Wilbraham. I am a wine-cooper, and now keep a wine cellar.

Isabella Beatley. I have known him about twelve months.

Q. What is his general character?

I. Beatley. He has a very good character: I have trusted him greatly in my shop and business.

Q. What is your business?

I. Beatley. I am a distiller. He has wrote out bills and received money for me. Should he be acquitted of this charge, I believe I should trust him equally as before, from the good opinion I have of him.

Benjamin Sparrow . I have known him some time, and never heard any thing bad of him till this affair. When it was his Sunday to go abroad, he would come to my house and go along with me. I have trusted him with upwards of four-score pounds at one time, and at other times forty pounds. He has paid money for me, and brought me receipts for it.

Q. What is his general character?

Sparrow. I always heard a good one of him.

Guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Amelia Woodford, Mary Baker.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-23
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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420, 421. (M.) Amelia Woodford and Mary Baker , spinsters , were indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value seven shillings, one blanket, value three shillings, one pair of belows, two brass candle sticks, one copper tea kettle, and two linen window curtains, the goods of Sarah Webb , in a certain lodging room let by contract , &c. Sept. 11 . +

Baker guilty .

Woodford acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Molloy.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-24
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

422. (M.) Mary Molloy , spinster , was indicted for stealing four yards of silk, value 15 s . the property of Christopher Lorain , Oct. 2 .*

Christopher Lorain. I am a taylor , and live at the back of St. Clement's. The prisoner came into my shop on the 2d of October, and took two pieces of silk. I went out, and took her with them upon her (produced in court, and deposed to.)

Q. Did you know the prisoner before?

Lorain. No. I never saw her before that time to my knowledge.

Q. Did you see her in the shop?

Lorain. No, I did not. My little girl call'd, and said, papa, a woman has carried two rolls of silk out of the shop; so I ran out.

Q. What time of the day was this?

Lorain. Between nine and ten in the morning. She own'd she took them, and beg'd for mercy; saying. she did it through necessity, wanting money to carry her down into Kent to her friends.

Q. What is the value of the silk?

Lorain. It is worth fourteen shillings.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.

Guilty 14 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Baythorne.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-25

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423. (M.) James Baythorne was indicted for stealing seven cloth coats, value seven pounds, two fustian frocks, value 24 s. seven cloth waistcoats, value 3 l. one pair of cloth breeches, value 5 s. four pair of worstead breeches and two duffil surtout coats, the goods of William Leader , in the shop of the said William , Sept. 30 . +

William Leader . I live at the corner of West-Street, the upper-end of Monmouth Street , and am a salesman . The prisoner was my servant for very near three months.

Q. What did you lose?

Leader. I now find I have lost many things, I did not particularly miss them, having a great many. (The goods mention'd in the indictment produced in court.) These are all my property. They were stolen from me.

Q. From what part of your house?

Leader. From out of a one pair of stairs room.

Q. What do you value them at?

Leader. I believe I valued them in the indictment at fourteen pounds, ten-shillings and six-pence.

Q. How came you to find them?

Leader. Here is a gentleman in court that detected the prisoner.

Q. When did he quit your service?

Leader. He did not quit my service at all.

Francis Palmer . My son had bought of the prisoner some goods, and I was told he left word I might hear of him at the Queen's Arms, Newgate-Street. I went there, and inquired of the people at the bar for such a person, by the name of Lowth, which he had wrote in our book, and they knew of no such person. Then I suspected he did not come honestly by the things he had sold.

Q. Where is your shop?

Palmer. It is at the bottom of Chick-Lane. He came again on the 25th of September with other goods, and ask'd if we would buy them. My son said, this is the man that I bought the cloaths of, on the Saturday before. I look'd at the cloaths, and said I would not buy them. He immediately tied them up in his handkerchief and went out, I followed him, and at the end of Field Lane (at a brasier's shop) he went in and left them, and said he'd call for them immediately. These are part of the goods here produced, for I had the looking of them over in my shop, and know them well. I went into the brasier's shop, and ask'd the man of the shop if he knew the man that left the bundle. He said, no. Then I said, it was clear to me that he stole them, and beg'd he'd stop him and the bundle when he came for them. The prisoner came back in about a quarter of an hour, and the brasier sent him to my shop; he said, Sir, what is the meaning you stop the cloaths which I left at Mr. Walker's? I said, because I suspect you stole them, and the others also, which my son bought. He said, I don't care to expose myself, I came honestly by them, and pray let me have them; I said, if you be an honest man you need not be uneasy. Then he agreed to my taking the cloaths into my possession, and said he'd give me an account where he liv'd. Then I went with him to Mr. Walker's, and when we came to the door he ran away. Then I concluded the things were stolen, and advertised them on the Wednesday following. Going to the Exchange about half an hour after twelve o'clock I saw the prisoner at a musick shop, facing Bow-Church. I knowing his face immediately follow'd him to a house in Cannon-Street, where he carried a letter, and there I took him.

Henry Stockdell . I am a pawnbroker. There were a frock, a brown coat, and a great horseman's coat, which the prisoner at the bar pawn'd with me at two different times. (He takes them out from amongst the rest.

Robert Bowers . I am a pawnbroker. Two coats, one waistcoat, and one pair of breeches, the prisoner pawn'd with me on the 4th of September. ( He takes them in his hand.)

William Gee . I am a constable, land had two warrants to search the pawnbroker's houses When I came there, these goods were produced immediately.

Prisoner's defence.

Here is a gentleman or two to appear to my character. I never rob'd any body in my life.

For the prisoner.

William Paterson . The prisoner lived with me, in the capacity of a porter, better than five months, and went away in June last. He was a very gent servant as ever I desire to have.

Q. What is your business?

Paterson. I keep a warehouse.

Michael Macknamar . I have known him several years: I never knew him guilty of any crime.

Mr. Etherington. I have known him about a year. He used to come to our house to speak to his brother, that was an apprentice there. I never heard any thing bad of him.

Guilty Death .

Elizabeth .
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-26
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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424. Elizabeth wife of William Grant , was indicted for stealing two linen sheets, value 3 s . the goods of Dennis Dailey , Oct. 4 .

No evidence appearing, she was acquitted .

William Fife.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-27
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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425. (M.) William Fife was indicted for stealing twelve silk and cotton handkerchiefs, value 24 s. the property of Lewis Chavat and James Limber , privately in their warehouse , Sept. 22 .*

Benjamin Skingle. I live at Mr. Chavat and Limber's, in Crispin-Street, Spitalfields, who are in the handkerchief trade; on the 22d of September we lost a dozen of silk and cotton handkerchiefs out of our warehouse.

Q. What were they worth?

Skingle. Twenty-four shillings; they were taken off the counter behind the door. I had sold them to a person but about half an hour before I missed them.

Q. What time of the day did you miss them?

Skingle. I missed them about three in the afternoon.

Q. Does the prisoner do business in your warehouse?

Skingle. No, he used to do business at the printer's.

Q. How came he there?

Skingle. He came to get a petition sign'd, and I bid him stay a little; he went out to a publick house, but did not come back: This was a little before two o'clock.

Q. Did you see him take them?

Skingle. No, I did not.

Q. Were they ever found again ?

Skingle. No, they were not; he was taken up, and being charged with them confessed he took them, before Peter Turquend.

Peter Turquend . I am clerk at Mess. Chavat and Limber's, and was in the compting house when the prisoner was brought in after taken, when I heard him confess the fact.

Q. When was this?

Turquend. This was about a week after; he confessed he took a dozen of handkerchiefs out of the warehouse from behind the door.

Q. What were they worth?

Turquend. About 24 s.

Prisoner's Defenc e. I am not guilty of it.

To his Character.

William Gordon . I live in Ropemakes-Alley, Little Morefields, and the prisoner lodged in my house upwards of five years; I always took him to be an honest man, he paid his rent well, and took care of his family.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Fuller.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-28
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

426. (L.) John Fuller was indicted for stealing one silk handkerchief, value 2 s. 6 d. the goods of William Shepherd , privately from his person , October 10 . ||

William Shepherd . As I was coming along Bishopsgate Street on the 10th instant, about half an hour after six in the evening, with my wife on one side me, I felt something brush against my pocket, which gave me suspicion I had lost something out of it, therefore turn'd round, put my hand into it, and missed my handkerchief. I look'd a little distance back, and seeing the prisoner stooping down upon a post I ran back, and laid hold of him by the collar, telling him I missed my handkerchief and believed he had got it. I pull'd him up from the post, and found my handkerchief in his hand (produced in court and deposed to.)

Q. What is the value of it?

Shepherd. I believe it is worth half a crown; it is a silk handkerchief, not much worn.

Q. How far was the prisoner from you?

Shepherd, About a rod distance.

Q. When had you seen the handkerchief last?

Shepherd. I know I had it in my pocket about an hour before.

Peter Sobard . As I was walking down Bishopsgate Street the prisoner brush'd by me, the prosecutor being before; after that the prosecutor charged him with taking his handkerchief, and about a minute after I saw him take it out of the prisoner's hand.

Q. Did you see the prisoner take the handkerchief ?

Sobard. No, I did not; he is a weaver, and the master he has work'd for these twelve years told me he never heard he wrong'd any body before, but he could not be here.

Prisoner's defence.

I took the handkerchief from off the ground and put in on the post, I was not nigh the gentleman.

Acquitted .

Mary Merredy.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-29
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

Related Material

427. (L.) Mary Merredy , spinster , was indicted for stealing one 36 s. piece of gold, and 2 s. 6 d. in money number'd, the property of James Cheek , privately from his person . ++

James Cheek . I am porter to a tallow-chandler in Fore-Street. Meeting the prisoner at the bar and another woman in Bishopsgate-Street , they clap'd me on the shoulder, call'd me my dear, and wanted me to treat them with a dram. I told them I did not like drams, but would treat them with a pot of beer, which I did; then nothing would serve them but I must go and see their room.

Q. Was you sober?

Cheek. No, if I had been sober I should not have done as I did. I went with them, and this good woman wanted me to undress myself and go to bed with her. I would not, but we sat together at the foot of the bed. I soon missed my money, and asked her to give it me again, but she denied having it.

Q. Did you perceive her to take it ?

Cheek. No, I did not.

Q. Are you sure you had the money about you at the time?

Cheek. I had it when I went into the room, a 36 s. piece and half a crown.

Q. Was the other woman near you?

Cheek. I don't know that she touch'd me.

Q. How soon did you miss it ?

Cheek. Not till I got from sitting on the bed, when I charged her with it. I kept the door, and would not let her go out, when she went to a drawer and took out a knife and fork, saying she would strike the fork into me. Then she put the knife to my throat, and I held up my hand, when she cut the back of it, and had it not been there she would have cut my throat. The watchman coming by I charged him with her, and he took her to the watch-house, where we searched her, but found nothing. She denied having the money before the sitting alderman.

John Harwood . I am a watchman, and as I was beating the hour ten I heard somebody call Watch out at a window. When I came into the room, there were the prosecutor, prisoner, and another woman; he charged me with the prisoner for taking a 36 s. piece and half a crown from him, but she denied it. I took her to the watch-house, the other woman got away.

Prisoner's Defence.

This man came to me and another woman, asking us to drink part of a pot of beer, which we did, and then he wanted to go to my room. We went thither, and he treated us with a dram. While the other young woman was gone for the dram he threw me on the bed, and wanted to be rude with me against my will. After that, he threw me down upon the stairs. I wanted him to go out of the room, and said my husband was coming. He said, d - n you, you b - h, I'll lay you sprawling. He pull'd me, and we fell down stairs together, and he drag'd me in the mud when the watchman came. I never saw any money.

Guilty of stealing, but not privately .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Bridget Newman.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-30

Related Material

428. (M.) Bridget Newman , otherwise Howard , was indicted for stealing one silver salt, value 1 s. one diaper napkin, value 2 d. the goods of William Pleasant , Oct. 14 *

William Pleasant. I live at the Sun Fire Office, in Norfolk Street, in the Strand , and keep a publick-house . On the 14th of this instant I missed a silver salt, and a napkin.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Pleasant. She came to live with me the Sunday before as a servant , but did not lie in the house; and on the Thursday night she said to me, this place will not do for me, unless you find me a lodging; I had not properly come at her character, or she had lain in the house before. Then I said, she might lie in a two pair of stairs room. She went to let the people where she lodg'd know, that they need not expect her at night. Soon after a person came and told me my servant was stop'd with a silver salt and a napkin. I took her in custody, and found the things where she had carried them.

James Jervice . The prisoner at the bar brought this silver salt and napkin to me last Thursday (producing them. )

Prosecutor. These are my property.

Jervice. I stop'd them as suspecting them to be stolen; but after that she sent a woman, who made a faint pretence to them. So I delivered them; by this means it got to the prosecutor's knowledge.

Q. to Prosecutor. Where did you meet with the things?

Prosecutor. I found them at a cook's shop, where the prisoner said she had left them.

Prisoner. That cook-woman went to Mr. Jervice's house, and owned them.

Prosecutor. The cook woman said the prisoner sent her for them.

Prisoner's defence.

Master has been at several house where I have lived for these three years: He knows the character they give me.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Whealey, Diana Brown.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-31
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

429, 430. (M. ) Thomas Whealey and Diana wife of Richard Brown , were indicted for stealing one sattin gown, value 5 l. 5 s. two silk gowns, value 5 l. 13 s. one dimity gown, value 10 s. two stuff gowns, value 10 s. three dimity petticoats, value 10 s. eight holland shifts, value 20 s. eleven holland shirts, value 35 s. six cambrick aprons, value 20 s. twelve holland aprons. value 12 s. twelve laced caps, value 5 l. five cambrick handkerchiefs, value 25 s. one muslin handkerchief, value 2 s. twenty pair of holland sheets, value 47 l; forty eight damask napkins, value 3 l. four damask tablecloths, value 30 s. thirty-six. pair of worstead stockings, value 3 l. six silk handkerchiefs, six cambrick handkerchiefs, one piece of silk for a waistcoat, embroider'd with gold, six pair of cambrick ruffles, fifty-seven yards of holland, five yards of lace, one gun,

two hogs, six pewter dishes, eight pewter plates, a pair of silver shoe and knee buckles, two gold rings, one gold ring set with a stone, two small silver spoons, one silver salt, six silver medals, fourteen silver spoons, one pair of silver tea-tongs, three gold ear bobs, seven other gold rings, one silver ring, two silver snuff boxes, one silver nutmeg-grater, one silver coral, one tobacco-box made of silver and tortoishell, one silver watch, one Pinckbeck metal watch, one pair of silver buttons, one pair of stone buttons set in gold, seven pieces of foreign silver, value 2 s. eight silver buckles, six guineas and twenty-eight shillings in money, the goods and money of Elizabeth Unwin , in the dwelling-house of Francis Kannel Butler . It was laid over again to be the property of Francis Kannel Butler , in his dwelling house, September 17 . ++

Alice Butler deposed she was wife to Francis Kannel Butler, and keeps a sale shop in East-Smithfield; that her first husband's name was Unwin, by whom she had two daughters, one named Ann (the prisoner Whealey was married to) the other Elizabeth, part owner of the goods mention'd; that she herself was arrested and carried to prison, for what she could not tell. She left the prisoner, Diana Brown , in the house, to take care of her effects; that the goods and money were taken out of her house before she came home again; that part of the goods were her husband's, and part Elizabeth Unwin's: Being ask'd if the prisoner's wife had no property in them, answered she had not; that Unwin made a will, and left all to her disposal, and the prisoner did not believe it was a good will, because one of the thieftakers names (now in Newgate) was as a witness to it. [See the trial of Sarah Scot , No. 350, in Mr. Alderman Calvert's mayoralty, where Unwin is a witness, &c.] It appeared by farther evidence that the prosecutrix was served with a citation to bring in a probate, and prove the will good; which citation was produced, and read in court: and it appeared most of the goods were taken out of the house, and put into the hands of James Scarlet for security, and his receipt for them produced. The prosecutrix owned she had received part back again.

Both acquitted .

James Scarlet.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-32
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

431. James Scarlet was indicted for receiving part of the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen .

Acquitted .

Joseph Heath.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-33

Related Material

432. (M.) Joseph Heath was indicted for stealing one thirty-six shilling piece , the money of Thomas Hodson , Oct. 20 . ++

Thomas Hodson. I lost a thirty six shilling piece out of my room.

Q. When did you lose it?

Hodson. I had it the night before last, and last night I had it not.

Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?

Hodson. He was plaistering my room. I had put it in a little box, and set it on a little ledge in the room.

Q. Did he work in that room alone?

Hodson. I was at work on board a ship, at coal-heaving, at the time. I did not see him plaistering there, for the work was done when I came home, and the next morning I found the empty box on the floor.

Peter Dible . The prosecutor lodges in my house, and the prisoner was plaistering the room. When I was told the thirty-six shilling piece was lost, I went to enquire after the prisoner, and found he had changed a thirty six shilling piece, and paid his rent, and bought things to wear. I asked him about it. He said he did not know what a thirty-six shilling piece was. I secured him, and took him before justice Bury, and there he said he found it amongst the rubbish in the room.

Mr. Gibbs. I lodge in the same room the prosecutor does. The room was repaired, and the prisoner was the plaisterer. The prosecutor shew'd me the money in the box the day before yesterday. When he had taken the prisoner before the justice, there was Mr. Bannister, who said he changed a thirty-six shilling piece for the prisoner, and the prisoner there said he found it among the rubbish.

John Fulligen . I heard the prisoner say he had been with his landlord, had changed a thirty-six shilling piece, and paid his rent.

Q. Where was this ?

Fulligen. It was at the Red-Lion, by Wellclose-Square.

Prisoner. I was taking up the rubbish, and pick'd up this thirty-six shilling piece; I did not know what it was upon my honour.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Polk.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-34
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

433. (M.) James Polk , otherwise Pollock , was indicted for stealing two locks, value 8 s. three iron keys, value 3 s. five pair of steel snuffers, value 5 s. two brass cocks, value 2 s. one iron padlock, one frame saw, four pair of tongs, four iron fire-shovels, four iron pokers, eighteen iron screws, one pair of pincers, and one hand-vice , the goods of of Francis Barrow and James Hawkes , September 27 .*

James Hawkes. I live at the corner of Surry-Street, and am an ironmonger and brasier .

Q. Have you any partner?

Hawkes. I have, his name is Francis Barrow , my father-in-law.

Q. What things did you lose?

Hawkes. I lost two locks and three keys (there were two keys to one of them ) and five pair of steel snuffers. We found but four pair at the prisoner's house. I can't be certain, with regard to losing brass cocks out of such a shop as our's is; but they are what the prisoner confessed he took out of our shop, and likewise the frame saw.

Q. Were they mark'd?

Hawkes. No, they were not; I lost an iron padlock. As to the fire-shovels, tongs and pokers, and iron screws, they were found upon the prisoner; but I can't say they were mine, only the prisoner own'd they were mine, and beg'd for mercy. We search'd his house and cellar where he work'd, and found the other things. We took him before justice Welch, and there again he confessed the taking all the things.

Q. What is the prisoner ?

Hawkes. He had been one of our out door workmen for several years.

Cross examination.

Q. How long has he work'd for you?

Hawkes. I believe he has for seven years.

Q. How has he behaved during that time ?

Hawkes. As an honest man.

Q. Was he industrious ?

Hawkes. As to that I can't say.

Q. How came he to be taken up?

Hawkes. I missed things, and had intelligence of his being lurking about the shop in the morning.

Q. Did he make these sort of goods for you?

Hawkes. No, he did not.

Q. At the time of his confession what was said to him?

Hawkes. Nothing at all. He confessed taking the things found upon him, and beg'd for mercy.

Q. What was said about mercy?

Hawkes. He desired we would pardon him. I can't say he used the word mercy.

Q. Did he then tell you he had got the other things ?

Hawkes. No, he did not.

Q. Was there any promise made him of mercy ?

Hawkes. No, none at all; since that I have been with him in prison, and desired him to be frank and free, telling him he should be the better for it; but I made him no such promise before.

William Evans . I am a brush-maker, and live in the Strand. We used to see the prisoner about the prosecutor's door, on mornings, at five o'clock, or thereabouts. We thought he had no good design. Sometimes he'd be going in, and start back again. On the 27th of September I saw him do so, when Mr. Barrow came to the door, and call'd to him, and he went away. We had sent Mr. Barrow a letter, that there was a man used to come to his door with a bag, on mornings, and we suspected him to be a bad man. The time of this robbery, being the 27th, we workmen were all watching him, some out at a window above, and some below. One of our men push'd out, and took the prisoner. We carried him to a publick house, and sent for Mr. Hawkes. He charged the prisoner with stealing the tongs and things he had upon him, and the prisoner owned he did. I also heard him own it before the justice.

William Gee . I am a constable ( producing the goods mentioned in the indictment.) These were produced before justice Welch, and the prisoner said they were the property of Mr. Hawkes and his partner.

Q. Did he say he took them out of their shop?

Gee. No, he did not.

Cross examination.

Q. Was the confession taken in writing?

Gee. There was a confession taken and read to him; he was ask'd whether he would sign it, and said no.

Q. Did he say it was not true?

Gee. No, I did not hear him say that.

George Bason . I was before the justice, and heard the prisoner own the goods there produced to be the property of Mess. Hawkes and Barrow.

Prisoner's Defence.

These were things that I had made for them, they plunder'd my shop, and took them away.

For the prisoner.

John Dailey . I keep the ship in Broad St. Giles's, and have lent the prisoner hundreds of pounds out of my pocket.

Q. How long have you known him?

Dailey. I believe about five years, and he is to my thinking as honest a man as any in St. Giles's parish. I am a very early man, and sell purl in a morning, but could never rise early enough for him. He has a wife and family, and if he came to me to borrow 20 l. at any time, there it was for him. Upon my credit I would lend him 50 l. to-morrow morning, was he out of his trouble, tho' I were obliged to pawn my buckles out of my shoes to make up the money.

Benjamin Brown . I am a smith, and live in the Bowl yard. I work'd journeywork with the prisoner, and have known him, I believe, seven years.

Q. What is his general character?

Brown. That he was always honest and just, I look upon him to be such.

Elizabeth Hope . I live in Bridges Street, Covent-Garden, and have known the prisoner betwixt six and seven years.

Q. What is his general character?

Hope. That of a very honest man, and one that strove hard for bread for his family; he has a wife and three children.

Charles Smith . I live in the Bowl-yard, St. Giles's, the prisoner was a lodger of mine. I have known him about eight years, he is a hard-working pains-taking man: I have known him up at work at four o'clock in the morning, and I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Prisoner. Mr. Gee knows me, if he'll please to speak to my character.

Mr. Gee. I never knew any thing contrary to that of a good one before this affair.

Guilty, 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Edward Hodsman.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-35

Related Material

434. (M.) Edward Hodsman was indicted for stealing two shirts, one pair of bellows, one shovel, one brush, one brass candlestick, and one copper tea kettle, the goods of Nathaniel Elbey , in a ready furnish'd lodging, lett by contract , &c. ++

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Hiliard.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-36
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

435. (M.) Mary Hiliard , widow , was indicted for stealing two pewter pots, value two shillings and six pence , the property of John Perrimony , October 5 . ++

Guilty, 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Mary Wilson.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-37

Related Material

436. (M.) Mary Wilson , otherwise Wilkerson, spinster , was indicted for stealing eighteen pence half-penny in money number'd , the money of Thomas Plastow , Oct. 1 . ++

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

George Eastment.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-38
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

437. (M) George Eastment was indicted for stealing one pair of leather shoes, value six shillings , the property of John Burford , Nov. 8. 1754 . ++

Acquitted .

Jonathan Hirst.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-39

Related Material

438. (M.) Jonathan Hirst , otherwise, Johnson , was indicted for that he, on the king's highway on Robert Brudenell , Esq ; did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one gold watch, value 10 l. and 2 s. 6 d. in money number'd, his property , Oct. 5 . *

Robert Brudenell. I was going home in my chair on Tuesday morning the 5th of October, between one and two o'clock; I had not been very well, and was asleep, but the chair being set down (in Berkley Square ) it awaken'd me, when I found a pistol at my head.

Q. How many men did you see?

Brudenell. I saw only the man that hold it.

Q. Do you know him?

Brudenell. I can't say that the prisoner is the man; the first words I heard were, '' Your cash, '' your cash.''

Q. Who said that?

Brudenell. The man that held a pistol to my head, in a low voice. I did not rightly understand him, and said hey, hey, or something like it, being but just awake. He then used some rash words to make me make haste, and the first thing I gave him was my watch.

Q. What watch was it?

Brudenell. A gold one.

Q. What might you value it at?

Brudenell. At about ten pounds, it was an old one; he took it, and then asked me for my cash, when I took my purse out of my pocket and slip'd it under me, and gave him my loose silver, which I think was about five six-pences. Then he put down the top of the chair, and bid the chairmen go on. I saw the foremost chairman standing about ten yards from me, and the hindmost told me afterwards he was standing behind with a man who held a pistol at his head. When I thought they were got clear from the chair I desired to be let out.

Q. Had you any servant with you?

Brudenell. No, I had not.

Q. Was it a light or a dark night?

Brudenell. The moon was just getting down, rather dark than light.

Q. Had you ever your watch again?

Brudenell. No; the prisoner said that on hearing a pistol go off he threw it into a pond. I pursued and overtook one of the men; there were some watchmen with me. The person we pursued snap'd a pistol at me, and after that fired again and missed me, but kill'd a watchman about ten yards behind me; it was a very narrow escape.

Q. What was that watchman's name?

Brudenell. His name was Crowder. This is the pistol [producing one] that was fired.

Q. How long did the watchman live afterwards ?

Brudenell. He died in less than half an hour. Upon that pistol's being fired I told the person I would shew him no mercy, and slack him twice with my sword. Then he surrender'd and desired to be carried before a justice. After I had taken the pistol from him I was conducting him to the watch house, and going along met colonel Brown and captain West, who went thither with me. I set the person down in a chair, when he directly said to captain West, I hope captain West you'll take care of me. I found also he knew me, but not my name; he said he had seen me mount guard many a time.

Q. What was that man?

Brudenell. He was a soldier. Captain West asking him what his name was, he said his name was Browning, and that he belong'd to col. Parker's company. Being asked which Parker, he said colonel George Parker . I asked him who was with him in the robbery; he said that was a soldier also, but would not tell his name. I asked him where he lived; he said he did not know, but that he always met him near Lincoln's Inn Chapel, and that they went to rob together in Berkley-Square or thereabouts, but the other would never let him know where he lived. One of the two chairmen swore before the justice, that the man who shot the watchman was the man that held the pistol to my head.

Council. We have the two chairman here, but don't apprehend it material to call them, the robbery being so fully proved.

John Barnes . I am high constable of Westminster. Mr. Fielding desired me to go down to New-Prison to see the man that was stab'd. On Tuesday in the afternoon, about five or six o'clock, I went. He was alive, but died about seven. After some talk with him he told me his accomplice's name was Hirst, but went by the name of Johnson, and that he was concerned with him in that robbery, and he lived in a court by Lincoln's Inn; which I found afterwards, was Bishop's Court. He could not tell the name of the court. He told us if we went to a coffee house at the corner, the people would direct us to the house. We went, and were directed. We inquired for him, and was told he was gone into the country. Browning said, he had a pistol, which was fellow to that which was taken upon him. Upon finding some letters in his buroe, there was one directed to Mr. Newton. We applied to him, and he carried us to several different lodgings. At last we went to the Barnetstage, and found he was gone in it, to Potter's Bar, in Hatfield road. On searching his lodgings we found these purses ( producing six or seven) I and Mr. Newton went to Potter's Bar on Wednesday in the afternoon, to the house of (I think) one Warner, a private house. There we found the prisoner at the bar. Mr. Newton told me that was the man, so I secured him. I put my hand in his pocket, and pull'd out this pistol. It was loaded. ( Producing one, and the two pistols being compared and examined by the jury they appeared to be fellows.) I charged him, and he said he'd surrender. There was his wife sitting by him. We pinion'd him, and brought him that night to justice Fielding's and there he made a confession. I was present and saw him sign it.

Q. Did he sign it freely ?

Barnes. Mr. Fielding said to him two or three times before he sign'd it, Mr. Johnson, if you sign this, you are signing your death warrant; I'd have you confessed what you'r about, for your confession you can't ritrect.

Q. Was it read over to him?

Barnes. It was; I heard it, and also before that I heard him make it.

Q. Is this agreeable to the confession you heard him make ?

Barnes. It is.

N. B. The second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-39

Related Material

THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 20th, Thursday the 21st, and Friday the 22d of OCTOBER,

In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER VIII. PART II. for the YEAR 1756. Being the Eighth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble SLINGSBY BETHELL, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.


Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street. 1756.

[Price Four-pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.

Q. DID he sign it voluntarily?

Barnes. He did.

It is read to this purport:

The examination and voluntary confession of Jonathan Hirst , taken before me, one of his majesty's justices of the peace for the county of Middlesex, John Fielding , Esq; October 6, 1756.

'' This examinant faith, that on Monday last, '' being the 4th of October, he met one Thomas '' Browning, by appointment, by Lincoln's Inn '' Fields, in order to go and commit robberies; '' that they went to Berkley-Square, betwixt the '' hours of twelve and one, and there they attacked '' a gentleman in his chair, from whom this examinant '' took a gold watch and some money. '' Soon after he heard the report of a pistol, but '' has not seen Browning since.''

Richard Hoye . I am one of the chairmen, who was carrying captain Brudenell (I was behind) Two men came up to rob him in Berkley-Square. One of them held a pistol to my head.

Q. Was he near enough for you to observe who it was?

Hoye. It was the man that is dead, named Browning. I can't say any thing to the other.

Prisoner's defence.

I was in such a great confusion when I was taken that I knew nothing what I said. I unfortunately belonged to the army, and had deserted, and I had this pistol determining not to be taken till I could get friends to make it up to return to the regiment again; and under these unhappy circumstances, and withall my wife being big with child, they persuaded me to make confession, but I know nothing at all of the robbery.

For the Prisoner.

Ann Leichley . I have known the prisoner a great many years.

Q. What is his general character?

A. Leichley. As good as a character as ever I heard in my life.

Q. Did you see him on the 4th of October?

A. Leichley. He and his wife lodg'd with me eight months, but I believe I did not see him that night.

Q. How long is it since he left you?

A. Leichley. I think he went away last Michaelmas.

Catharine Horsey . I have known him five years.

Q. What is his general character?

C. Horsey. I always heard a very good one. I lodged in the house part of the time he did with the former witness.

Q. Do you lodge with her now?

C. Horsey. I do.

Q. Do you know any thing of him on the 4th or 5th of October last?

C. Horsey. No, I do not.

Mary Prislow . I knew the prisoner in his apprenticeship.

Q. To what trade?

M. Prislow. A grocer.

Q. When did that apprenticeship end?

M. Prislow. It ended six or seven years ago.

Q. How did he behave?

M. Prislow. He behaved himself very well. It was in Scarborough.

Q. Have you known any thing of him for three or four years last past?

M. Prislow. No, I have not.

Prisoner. If the captain will speak for me he knows no ill of me.

Captain Bradenell . I belong to the same regiment he does, but not the same company; I know nothing good or bad of him. I have little or no knowledge of him.

Guilty Death .

Thomas Woolard.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-40
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

439. (M.) Thomas Woolard was indicted for stealing three yards of gold lace, value 5 s. and three pair of worstead stockings , the goods of Richard Huthan , October 20 . ++

Richard Huthan . I am a hosier and hatter , and live at York-House in the Strand, at the corner of York-Buildings . The prisoner is a journeyman carpenter , sent by his master to assist in the repair of my shop. My servant came to me the day before yesterday, and told me there was some gold lace taken off two hats that were sent to dye and turn. We suspected it might be some of the carpenters. I asked him whom he suspected. He said, the prisoner; because he only had been at work in that part of the shop where it was missing from. His master was acquainted with this suspicion. He talked with the prisoner, and he denied it. I took him up into my lodging room, and there he denied it stiffly. Having no other way left, I told him my maid saw him take it. He then began to make a bargain with me to promise not to prosecute him. I replied I'd be tender if he'd come immediately to a plain confession of what he had taken. Then he confessed he had taken the lace and carried it home, and after much difficulty he confessed his having taken three pair of worstead stockings. I then call'd up some people of the house. He gave the key and a written order to one of the men to go and bring the things. I went with the man, and left him in the care of others. I could not find the things. Then I brought a friend to the prisoner, and he confessed the same before him. The things were found afterwards, but I cannot give an account of that.

Thomas Kiniston . I went with the prosecutor, and the prisoner owned the taking the things before me, and after that before Mr. Welch.

William Hingworth . (He looks at the lace and stockings.) The gold lace is the property of my master the prosecutor. The stockings are such that all hosiers in London may have the same.

George Ekelton . I am a constable. I found the stockings in the lodging of the prisoner at the bar, and his wife said she had sold the lace, where it afterwards was found.

Prisoner's defence.

He promised he would pardon me, if I would confess.

Prosecutor. I inquired his character, and was told by all in the neighbourhood he was a very honest man.

Guilty. 10 d.

John Hughes.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-41

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440. (L.) John Hughes was indicted for feloniously forging and counterfeiting a certain bill of exchange, for the payment of 25 l. with the name Edward Norman , as likewise for forging an acceptance thereto, and for publishing the same with intent to defraud well knowing it to have been forged , Sept. 4 .*

Thomas Halifax. On the 4th of September last the prisoner presented this bill to me for payment, ( holding one in his hand.)

Q. Where was this?

Halifax. At my house in Lombard-Street. I asked him who he received it for, and he said one Mr. Nixon. I then asked him if Mr. Nixon did not order it to be put to his account, as he keeps cash with us, being bankers. He said his master was going out of town and wanted the money, pretending to be servant to him.

The bill read to this purport:

'' August 13, 1756. Twenty-one days after '' date please to pay to Mr. John Robinson , or '' order, the sum of twenty-five pounds, and please '' to account, as per advice from your most '' humble servant, Edward Norman .''

Directed to Snee and Co. Queen-Street. Indorsed, John Robinson

Accepted; P. Snee. Paid when due by Mess. Glyn and Company.

Q. Do you know this Norman?

Halifax. No.

Q. Was this acceptance on it when he brought it to you?

Halifax. It was, and by that acceptance he brought it to me for payment.

Q. Do you know Mr. Snee's hand-writing?

Halifax. Yes, very well; it is not like his hand-writing.

Q. Does he keep cash with you?

Halifax. He does. I went to Mr. Vere, one of my partners, and told him of it; we sent our servant to Mr. Snee, and Mr. Snee's servant return'd with our's.

Q. from prisoner. Whether or no I did not refuse the money?

Halifax. No, the money was never offer'd him. I refused to pay it.

Q. Did the prisoner press you for payment of the money?

Halifax. He said his master was going out of town, and he could not stay.

Q. Who did he say he came from?

Halifax. From Mr. Nixon.

Q. What is the meaning of this acceptance?

Halifax. Gentleman in trade that keep cash with bankers direct the bills they accept to; the banker, for him to pay them.

Prisoner. I said if he did not think it to be an honest bill. I would not have the money, and after that I gave him direction to go to the house where my master lived. I told him I came from one Goodwin, who lived at Mr. Nixon's; I can't find that Goodwin now.

Joseph Falder . I am servant to Mess. Peter Snee and Randolph, and know Mr. Peter Snee's handwriting very well.

Q. Look upon the acceptance to the bill; where you see P. Snee.

Falder. It is not Mr. Snee's hand-writing. [He reads the bill over.]

Prisoner. Either you read it wrong, or the clerk of the arraigns did.

Mr. Ford, Clerk of the Arraigns. It is in the bill please to account.

Q. Do you know this Norman?

Falder. No, I know no such man.

Q. Do you know this Mr. Robinson?

Falder. No.

Q. to Halifax. Do you know this Robinson?

Halifax. No, I do not.

Q. Who are your partners?

Halifax. I am partner with Mr. Vere and Sir Richard Glyn .

Q. Does Mr. Snee usually accept bills?

Halifax. He commonly makes draughts on his bankers, he very seldom accepts; he makes draughts under his own hand, so does likewise Mr. Randolph his partner.

Q. to Falder. Are you acquainted with Mr. Randolph's hand-writing?

Falder. I am.

Q. Is the name of his writing?

Falder. It is not.

Prisoner's defence.

If I was guilty, and knew it to be a wrong bill, I will be judged by your Lordship whether I should have offer'd to stay there till my master came. I did offer to stay there, and they trusted me to go to the London stone tavern and back again. I could not find that Mr. Goodwin. My father lives two hundred miles off. I have sent twice to him for money to advertise this Goodwin, but have had none sent me.

Q. to Halifax. Did he offer to stay, or go to the tavern and return?

Halifax. I laid hold of the bill and kept it; he got out of the shop and desired to have the bill; but I would not let him have it.

Prisoner. If Mr. Snee will please to speak to my character, I shall be obliged to him.

Peter Snee . The prisoner lived with me about three months before the bill was published, and behaved very well; I have trusted him at different times to receive several large sums of money, and he always brought it very honestly. I have sent him with money to the Excise-Office, to the amount of four hundred pounds, and he always gave me a faithful account.

Q. Could he write?

Snee. He could.

Q. Is this bill of his hand-writing?

Snee. I have too much reason to fear the body of it is.

Q. Whose writing do you think the acceptance to be?

Snee. I can't say that is his, but a man may seign different hands.

Q. Can you or can you not say whether the acceptance was wrote by him?

Snee. I really can't say whether it was wrote by him or not.

Q. How came he to leave your service?

Snee. On account of his being taken ill; I had so good an opinion of him, that I believe I should have taken him again, had I had no knowledge of this fact.

Owen Jones . I live at the Barley-Mow in Thames Street, and have known the prisoner almost two years; he lodged with me for about three months, and always behaved well for whatever I saw to the contrary.

Mary Jones . I am wife to Owen Jones; the prisoner behaved himself very honestly and justly when he lodged with me.

Catherine Lloyd . I knew him before he was six years old, and never knew any thing dishonest of him in my life.

Mr. Davidson. I knew him when he lived with Mr. alderman Rawlinson, at his first coming to London; he behaved himself very well while he was there.

Guilty of publishing the acceptance, knowing it to have been forged.

Death .

John Domine.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-42
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding; Imprisonment > newgate

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443. (M.) John Domine , otherwise Dampney, otherwise Griffith , was indicted for that the two pieces of current mill'd money of silver coin, call'd shillings, did counterfeit and gild

over, so as to resemble the good money of this kingdom, call'd guineas, and unlawfully did put off to Robert Hall at the rate of five shillings each, being at a lower rate than their denomination imports , July 30 . +

Robert Hall. I am a dealer in stockings , and have a licence to travel about; I seldom go out of town, but sell them about in alehouses. I think it was the 21st of July I met the prisoner, at the end of Old-Street. I said how do you do. He said, I do not know you. No! do you not know me said I, my name is Richardson.

Q. Why did you tell him that was your name?

Hall. Because in the year 1752 I sold this Richardson some stockings, at the Castle in Wood-Street, and I paid away a bad guinea there, to Mr. Greenhow, which I had of one Richardson, and ever after that I suspected this man of making them, Richardson having told me he took it of the prisoner at the bar; therefore I told him my name was Richardson. I thought he dealt in this sort of traffick, so I asked him if he had any queer sixes; saying, I was going into the country.

Q. What did you mean by queer sixes ?

Hall. Because I have heard them talk so when they wanted to change thirty-six shilling pieces; I meant counterfeit ones.

Q. What answer did he make you?

Hall. He said, he had none; but he could let me have two or three guineas, and some half guineas. I ask'd him what I must give him for them. He said you know the price, it is fives, I said, what five shillings! He said yes, a piece for the guineas. Then I asked the price of the half guineas, and he said fours. He gave me two of the guineas into my hand. He took them out of a piece of brown paper.

Q. Were the half guineas in that same paper ?

Hall. They were. There were three half guineas, I agreed to give him ten shillings for the two guineas. When I had them in my hand he said, don't let us stay, come pay me for them. Said I, no I shall not. When he said, let me have my gold again. I said, no I shall not; for I apprehend you to be the corner of them, and I'll take you before a magistrate, so I desire you to go quietly with me, or I'll call an officer, and said I had direction to sieze him. We went quietly out of Goswell-Street down Swan-Alley. Turning up St. John's Street, to Woods Close, he offered to go from me. I took him by the shoulder, and said he might as well be quiet. Then he knock'd me down, and attempted to escape. I got up again, and we fell to fighting. Then a great croud of people gathered about, and there happened to be a constable. The prisoner charged him with me, and said I had rob'd him? Then I told the constable I had an order to apprehend the prisoner, and carry him before a magistrate for coming, and said I would not part with the gold out of my hand. We went to justice Keeling's house, and he was not at home. Then the constable took him to the sign of the Angel, in Goswell-Street, where we met with Mr. Baileys, the justice's clerk, and told him the case, and that I, having suspicion of him, had given information of him to the warden of the Mint. He advised us to take him directly to a magistrate. He was taken before justice Welch, and there he was searched; but we found none of the half guineas about him. He was committed. The two guineas were sealed up at the justice's, and I set a mark upon them, and the second time of his examination they were delivered to the solicitor of the Mint.

William Chamberlain . These are two pieces purporting to be gold ( producing two pieces like guineas ) that Hall swore he had of the prisoner before the justice. They were sealed up there, and delivered to me in Hall's presence. I broke them up to go before the grand jury.

Q. to Hall. Are these the same you had of the prisoner?

Hall. They are the very same pieces.

Cross Examination.

Q. You say you sometimes deal in stockings, pray what is your real trade?

Hall. I deal in stockings and labouring work.

Q. Don't you sometimes deal in money too?

Hall. I never did before this in my life.

Q. How came you first acquainted with all these terms of queer sixes, fives and fours?

Hall. People that go about selling goods see such things if they take notice. I go selling stockings about to those places, where I have seen such men along with Richardson, which was the reason I suspected him. One or two asked me to change thirty-six shilling pieces. I said, I would not, and they answered they were not queer.

Q. How came you to be so positive to the day?

Hall. Because when we were before the justice I set it down.

Q. Was this publick in the street?

Hall. It was.

Q. Did nobody hear it but you?

Hall. No, nobody.

Q. Did the prisoner know you before?

Hall. No, he did not as I know of.

Q. What name did you call him by?

Hall. I said as before; how do you do. I did not know his name.

Q. Is your name Richardson?

Hall. No, it is not. I answer to the name of Robert Hall in all my dealings.

Q. You are pleased to tell the court the prisoner did not know you: Did he tell you he could let you have guineas and half guineas without any reserve?

Hall. Yes, he did after I told him my name was Richardson.

Q. Did you understand at first what he meant by fives?

Hall. I might understand what he meant.

Q. Did you tell him you had a warrant?

Hall. No, for I had none.

Q. Did you tell him you had an order to apprehend him?

Hall. Yes, I believe I did.

Q. Did you give him the 10 s.

Hall. No, I did not.

John Beachamp , I am a constable. On the 21st of July I took this prisoner into custody, in Wood's Close. Hall and he appeared to me to have been fighting. I saw three half guineas (as they appeared to me) in a piece of brown paper in the prisoner's hand. They went to fighting again, and somebody laid hold of my mare's bridle which I was on, and I dismounted, and took hold of the prisoner. I asked him what was become of the three half guineas. He said, I don't know. The prisoner charged me with Hall, for robbing him of two guineas, and Hall charged me with the prisoner. I took them both to Mr. Keeling's. He not being at home, I took them to the Angel, in Goswell-Street, to inquire for Mr. Baileys (justice Keeling's clerk) for advice. There the prisoner went down to the necessary house (I knew he could not get out backwards.) I thought he was a long time before he came back again, so I went to see for him, and he met me at the door. He said, if you'll let me go I'll give you a guinea, and put one into my hand, and said, you never shall want for money as long as you live.

Q. Did he know he was charged with putting off counterfeit guineas?

Beachamp. Yes, he did very well. I said to him will you go and lose your two guineas, and give me another; if your's was a right cause why should you do that? He said, in a right cause in get rid of a villain what would not a man do. After that I went to see him in New-Prison, and ask'd him to drink a glass of wine. I believe he did not know me at first. I said, how do you make this affair old gentleman, I believe you'll come nastily off. How came you to sell the two guineas for ten shillings ? He said, suppose I had a mind to sell 100 l. for a halfpenny, what is that to you? Then he found I was the constable.

Q. Was you with him before the justice?

Beachamp. I was. It was justice Welch.

Q. Was he searched there?

Beachamp. He was, in the yard. There was a good guinea found upon him, and two or three shillings in silver; but there were no halfguineas found.

Q. Was he ask'd what became of the three half guineas?

Beachamp. I am not able to say whether he was or not.

Q. Did he know you was searching for the three half guineas from what was said ?

Beachamp. I said, I saw three half guineas in his hand, and he denied that he ever had any.

Cross Examination.

Q. Did he make any resistance, or strive to get from you?

Beachamp. No.

Q. Who did you take to be that villain he mentioned ?

Beachamp. I took him to be this Hall. I till then took Hall to be the aggressor.

Q. Are you sure that was a good guinea which he put in your hand?

Beachamp. It was as good a guinea as ever I saw in my life by its appearance.

Council for the crown. Was that guinea taken from out of a brown paper?

Beachamp. No, that and three shillings were in his naked pocket.

William Jones . I am headborough of St. James's Clerkenwell. On the 23rd of July I went to search the prisoner's lodging.

Q. Where did he lodge?

Jones. In Great Warder-Street, Cold-Bath Fields.

Q. What is the landlord's name?

Jones. His name is Duddle. I found several little materials, and some

Q. Look upon this money?

Jones. (He takes a piece in his hand.) This is a King George the first's shilling, made in the year 1723.

Q. to Chamberlain. What coin are the two counterfeit guineas?

Chamberlain. They are King George the first's 1723.

Jones. I found six of these shillings made that same year.

Q. Are they all good shillings?

Jones. They are. There is no alteration on them. I found another piece of silver in imitation of a half moidore, with cross bars. (Produced to the jury, who look at it.)

Q. Where was this money found?

Jones. The six shillings were in a drawer wrap'd up in a piece of paper. The half moidore was in the same chest, but not the same drawer.

Q. What other money did you find?

Jones. I found a 3 l. 12 s. piece, a very good one, and some very good guineas; these were in a drawer, but not in the same paper. I found also a little piece of box wood; here are some faint impressions on it ( producing it.) I saw a great sight of old snuff-boxes, some pieces, bottoms, and sides, and tops, some silver and brass rims, they look'd very dull, and lay in a dusty careless way, some in boxes, some in drawers.

Q. Did it appear to you that he carried on the trade of snuff-box making ?

Jones. I should think too. [He produced a parcel of other things tied up in a handkerchief.]

Cross examination.

Q. What business is the prisoner ?

Jones. I don't know.

Q. What place are you constable of?

Jones. I am headborough of St. James's, Clerkenwell.

Q. Do you live there?

Jones. I do; my house is there.

Q. Did you bring away the snuff-boxes ?

Jones. No. I did not meddle with them.

Q. Did you see the landlord of the house?

Jones. Yes, and told him, I wanted to search the house for one Domine; he said there was no such man lodged there.

Q. What name did the prisoner go by?

Jones. He went by another name, I can't tell what now.

Q. Did you not declare to the landlord, that there was no ground of suspicion whatever?

Jones. No, I did not.

Q. Did you find any thing else?

Jones. I found a small anvil or slake in the window, cover'd with paper (produced in court.)

Richard Yeo . I am engraver to the mint, and have been so about seven years.

Q. Look at this piece of box wood.

Yeo. (He looks at it.) This seems to have been intended to be used to flatten a piece of silver after it had been made hollow by raising the scepters, so laying it down and putting the end of this upon it, which is quite flat, by striking on the top of it, it would make the silver lie flat again; here seems, to be a confused mixture of the prints of money on the end, by the striking it.

Q. Look at these two guineas that are here produced.

Yeo. These certainly are counterfeits, they are shillings gilt after the scepters were work'd up out of the silver.

Q. What coin is it?

Yeo. It is a coin of his late majesty king George.

Q. What coin is the most easily alter'd this way ?

Yeo. These of king George I. and also some of queen Anne's, such as have a rose, heart, or letters between the crosses, which stand projecting, for by the means of chasing tools that metal may be drove out of its place, so as to raise the scepters; whereas others that have not this metal to work upon are run so early to form scepters on.

Q Look at one of these shillings that were found in the prisoner's room.

Yeo. These are the most fit for that purpose.

Q. Look upon this half moidore.

Yeo. It is silver; I suppose this to be a cast half moidore.

Q. Did you ever see any of these in silver before?

Yeo. No, never.

Q. There are other things the last evidence produced, look at them.

Yeo. Here is a sand bag or cushion to engrave on; a block of pewter with cement on it, to fasten down any metal to engrave or chase, engraver's scorpers, crucibles, and engraver's tools.

Joseph Duddle . The prisoner lodged in my house.

Q. How long did he lodge with you?

Duddle. At Michaelmas last he had lodged with me half a year.

Q. Was you at the searching of the room?

Duddle. I was. I saw all these things found.

Q. Did he follow any trade or business?

Duddle. I never could discern he had any.

Q. Did any body come about business while he was at your house ?

Duddle. Not one soul.

Q. Were there no watches, snuff-boxes, teaspoons, or any thing of the silver trade, sold while he was at your house ?

Duddle. No, none.

Q. When he went in and out, did he use to lock the door?

Duddle. Yes.

Q. Suppose he did not go out of the house, but out of his room into the kitchen, was his room door lock'd then?

Duddle. Sometimes not.

Q. How was it when he was in his room?

Duddle. Then it was mostly lock'd, but not always. I and my wife have been in the room with him.

Q. Was the key hole ever cover'd when he has been in the room alone ?

Duddle. It has sometimes; but with what I can't tell. We thought he lived upon a little matter he might have of his own, and not having much before hand might mend his own shoes, or the like; and we thought his blinding the key-hole was with intent the rest of the house should not see him.

Q. Did you ever hear him at work with tools, as a silversmith ?

Duddle. No, never.

Cross examination.

Q. Who made his bed?

Duddle. He himself.

Q. Did not a woman come to him sometimes?

Duddle. There was a woman used to come to and fro, that used to black his shoes. I know her. She is an honest woman.

Q. Did not she use to make his bed?

Duddle. I can't tell that. It is my opinion he made it himself.

Q. At the time he lodged with you did you suspect him of this ?

Duddle. No, I did not. We thought him a very honest man, that could barely subsist in a decent way and manner.

Q. Have you not heard what trade he was bred up in ?

Duddle. Not before they came to search his room, and take his tools away. Since that I thought (by the tools) he was a goldsmith, no otherways.

Prisoner's defence.

As to the tools, in the first place, they all belong to my trade, every tool there. As for the shillings, they are common money. There is hardly any body but what have them in their pockets, that have any silver. As for the half moidore, that is not one, it is something like it. These pieces are to be had common at goldsmiths shops and bankers. This of mine, it is to be seen, has been made a great many years. It may be seen by any workman that it is not made by any man in England. The two bad guineas I know nothing of. I never made one, neither did I ever utter any bad piece of money, either English or foreign coin, upon earth. Is it not a strange thing that having been in London so long, and in Mr. Pentelow's gaol a quarter of a year, and exposed to publick view, yet nobody should appear against me but this fellow, if I was guilty. This Hall is a fellow that has got neither house nor home. He is what we call a family man, a very bad sort of a fellow. He has others that go about with him a shop-listing, buying stolen goods, and every thing that is bad. I never saw him in my life time, nor he me.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

[Imprisonment. See summary.]

Clement Matthews.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-43

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444. (M.) Clement wife of Michael Matthews was indicted for stealing one linen shirt, value 3 d. one pair of stays, value 4 d. one pair of worstead stockings, one cloth cloak, one silk handkerchief, and twelve-pence in money number'd , the property of John Chambers . Sept. 15 . ++

Mary Chambers . I had the prisoner in my house to help me to make hammocks for about three weeks. On the 15th of September I went out with my work, between eight and nine o'clock, and left her to take care of my house and things. When I returned she was gone, and the things mention'd in the indictment, my property. I took her up, and she had my cloak and my stockings upon her. The rest of the things she owned she had taken, and pawned for six-pence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Francis Mugford.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-44

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445. (L.) Francis Mugford was indicted for that he at the gaol delivery, at Exeter, for the county of Devon, on Monday the 17th of March, in the 28th year of his present majesty, being indicted for that he on the 12th of December, in the 28th year, &c. did steal 3 l. 3 s. in money number'd, the property of William

Blackmore , in the dwelling house of Rebecca Gordon , widow, was convicted for stealing 36 s. and order'd to be transported, as soon as conveniently cou'd be, to some of his majesty's plantations in America for the term of seven years, as by the record more fully may appear, and that the jurors present that the said Francis, on the 12th of July , feloniously and without any lawful cause, was at large in these realms. ++

William Pinkney . I am clerk to the clerk of the assize. Here is a certificate of the conviction of the prisoner Mugford, at the assize held at Exeter.

Q. Is it a true copy?

Pinkney. It is. I compared it with the clerk of the assize in the proper manner. ( It is read in court.)

Edward Manley . I am keeper of the prison at Exeter.

Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?

Manley. I do. I heard his trial there.

Q. Was he convicted ?

Manley. He was found guilty of stealing, to the value of thirty-six shillings, from Mr. William Blackmore , and received sentence of transportation for seven years.

Q. Was he transported accordingly?

Manley. I saw him on board a ship. I carried him there on the eight of May was twelve months.

Captain Prow . I took the prisoner on the Portugal Walk, at the Royal-Exchange, on the 12th of July. I was obliged to knock him down.

Q. Was he at liberty there?

Prow. He was.

Q. What provoked you to knock him down?

Prow. Because he endeavoured to get away upon seeing me, for I had brought him over in the Lisbon Packet.

Q. What did you do with him after that?

Prow. I carried him before an alderman, and had him committed.

Cross examination.

Q. Did you meet with any accident in your voyage?

Note, He had rob'd the captain of fourteen moidores in the passage.

Prow. I did, but that does not concern this affair. I knew he had been transported, and I secured him as being a bad man.

Q. to Manley. What ship did the prisoner go on board?

Manley. He went on board a ship belonging to Mr. Buck of Biddeford.

Q. Did not an accident happen to that ship after he was on board?

Manley. I never heard of such a thing.

Prisoner's defence.

I was sent over by the pay-master general with some letters and warrants to Mr. Secretary Fox , and delivered them to Mr. Mettear, in Southampton-Street. I brought some men of war's tickets, which I delivered to a gentleman near the Mansion-House. I brought also bills of exchange for Mr. Kinsley, and letters to Simon Jacob Moses , a Jew, in Bury-Street, and orders to buy some woollen goods for a merchant in New York. I was obliged to come over, it was not voluntarily, with my own will. We were cast away going over, just upon the cape of Virginia; so I landed there, and since I came over I have injured no man, but always lodged at creditable houses.

Guilty Death .

Jane Smith.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-45
VerdictNot Guilty

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446. (L.) Jane Smith , spinster , we indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value twopence , the property of Thomas Colverwell , October 10 ||

Thomas Colverwell . I was coming along Bishopsgate-Street , between eight and nine o'clock at night, on the 10th of this month. A gentleman named Lotelia came up to me, and asked me if I told not lost any thing out of my pocket. Upon searching I missed my handkerchief.

Q. What sort of a handkerchief was it?

Colverwell. It was a linen one (producing it.) The prisoner at the bar was just behind me. He stop'd her I search'd her and found my handkerchief, and nine others, and a snuff box in her apron. I carried her to the watchhouse. She owned a man took them, and she received them of him.

Q. Was there any body with her?

Colverwell. There was a man, but he made his escape from us.

Jacob Lotelia. I was coming home last Sunday in the evening a little after eight o'clock. Near Bishopsgate, I saw the prisoner and one Soloman (that I had long suspected or picking of pockets ) walking together. I passed them, and wa between them and Mr. Colverwell. He had two gentlewomen with him. I thought the prisoner and Soloman intended to pick his pocket. I live in Lis I turned down to go thither afterwards,

out of curiosity, I turned again to see whether they pick'd his pocket or not. I past the prosecutor, and then I observed his handkerchief did not hang with the corner out of his pocket, as it did just before. I said, Sir, I believe you have lost your handkerchief. He felt, and said he had. Then I laid hold on Soloman, and the prosecutor the prisoner. Soloman threaten'd to knock me down, and he got from me, and ran away. At first he said he did not belong to her, and she said the same; but when he was gone, and she was stop'd, she said, stop him, stop him, he does belong to me. We searched her, and found an iron snuffbox, and nine handkerchiefs upon her. The prosecutor owned one of them as soon as he saw it, and described a mark upon it, which we afterwards saw.

Prisoner's defence.

I was taking a walk over More-Fields and met this young man Soloman. He ask'd me if I'd go and drink some beer. I said, I did not care if I did; and after that, as I was walking up Bishopsgate-Street, the prosecutor and two gentlewomen came by me. After that the evidence here said, that man and I had pick'd the prosecutor's pocket of his handkerchief. The young fellow had a tustle with the gentleman. He bid me hold up my lap, which I did, and he flung these things into it.

Acquitted .

Ann Ellison.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-46

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447. (L) Ann Ellison , spinster , was indicted for stealing on silver watch, value 30 s . the property of Joseph Sparrow , Oct. 5 . ||

Joseph Sparrow . I live with Mr. Brecknock, a linen-draper without Aldgate . The prisoner came into my master's shop, I think, on Friday the 1st of October, pretending to be a customer; I was then serving one. After I had done, she came to me to cheapen a handkerchief, and as she was standing by the counter upon looking round I missed my watch, to which I had been putting a new string before the other customer came in, and had laid it down in the window while I served her. The prisoner and I could not agree for the handkerchief, and when she was going out of the shop I charged her with having taken my watch, which she denied, and said she would be search'd by any gentlewoman in the house. I directly call'd down our maid, who search'd her, and found it; I saw it taken from under the prisoner's arm.

Elizabeth Briggs . I am servant to Mr. Brecknock, and was call'd down to search the prisoner at the bar in the back shop, while she was undressing herself I saw her put something under her arm, so I put my hand there and felt the watch, but she would not let me take it out; then I called to Mr. Sparrow, and he saw me take it from her.

John Besden . I am a constable, was charged with the prisoner, and had this watch deliver'd to me, ( producing one.)

Q. to Prosecutor. Look at that watch; do you know it?

Prosecutor. It is the watch I missed, my property.

Besden. As we were coming along in the coach she said, Mr. Constable, I know it lies in your power to serve me in this affair, for I am guilty of the fact, but will oblige you in any thing I can, if you will stand my friend.

Prisoner's defence.

I went into the gentleman's shop to buy a handkerchief; there was another woman along with me, who went away, and did not come back again . The gentleman said I had got his watch, but he did not find it upon me; and before we went before the justice he said he would forgive me.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did you declare as she has mention'd?

Prosecutor. No, I did not; I said she should have justice done her.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Cook.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-47

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448. (L) William Cook was indicted for stealing one gold ring, value 3 s. five linen caps, value 8 d. two linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. one pair of ruffles, value 4 d. and five shillings and eight-pence in money number'd , the property of Mary Alnutt , spinster , October 8 . ||

Mary Alnutt . I live with Mr. Clitherow, in Rose and Crown Court . I went out, and left the prisoner the key of the door.

Q. What was the prisoner?

M. Alnutt. He was servant to Mr. Clitherow as well as I.

Q. The key of what door?

M. Alnutt. The chamber door where I lie. I went out about three o'clock, and return'd about five. The next morning I found the box was wrench'd open, when I missed a screw box, in which

were five shillings and eight pence; I also missed a gold ring, a pair of ruffles, a half lawn handkerchief, and a half cambrick one.

Q. What is the value of the ruffles and handkerchiefs?

M. Alnutt. I reckon them all at 18 d. caps and all. I suspected the prisoner, so got a warrant and took him up, and the things were found at one Elizabeth Fish 's house ( produced in court, and deposed to.)

Elizabeth Fish . I live in Bishopsgate-Street, and work in the loom at ribband making. The prisoner came and call'd me from work, saying, his master had given him an old bedstead, and a great many other goods; he also produced five caps, which he desired me to go and pawn for him. I pawn'd them for 8 d. and brought him the money.

Q. Did you fetch them out again?

E. Fish. I did, I believe it was on the same day, and he was taken up the day following.

Elizabeth Johnson . On Friday the 8th of October Mary Alnutt , going out of town (as she told me) to see her father and mother, left the key with the prisoner, who lived in the same house, that her master should not lose the sale of any of his goods; she went out, and when she return'd she could not get into her room; in the dusk of the evening Mrs. Fish brought the key of the door, and said the prisoner gave it her to bring home. In the morning about eight o'clock I heard her scream out, making a sad complaint. I went up to see what was the matter, when she told me that all her money, her ring, some caps, handkerchiefs and ruffles, were gone. In turning over the things in the box we found a chissel, how it came there I can't say, but this is the very same chissel. (producing one.)

Edward Alnutt . I heard the prisoner confess before alderman Dickinson, that he rob'd my daughter of all the things mention'd in the indictment.

Q. Did he tell you what he had done with them?

Alnutt. He first said the ring was in Bishopsgate-Street, then in Leadenhall Street, and afterwards that he had sold it for a shilling.

Q. Did he say where he had the things from?

Alnutt. He said he broke the lock open by wrenching of it, and also that he had carried the caps to Mrs. Fish.

Prisoner's defence.

I was in liquor and know nothing of it, or what I did; it is the first time I ever did such a thing.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Richard Warren.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-48
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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449. (M.) Richard Warren was indicted for that he, on the 21st of March, in the 25th year of his present majesty, did marry Frances Wolsington , widow , and her then had for his wife, and after that, on the 1st of May, in the 29th year , &c. at St. James's Clerkenwell , did marry, and take to wife Elizabeth Pritchard , then spinster ; his former wife being then living . *

Samuel Johnson . On the 29th of March, 1756, I was present when a deed was executed between the prisoner, his wife, and others. ( He is shew'd a deed.) This is it. Here is my hand writing to it.

Q. What writing is that?

Johnson. My name, Samuel Johnson .

Q. Did you see the prisoner sign it?

Johnson. I did.

Q. Did you see him take off the seal?

Johnson. I did.

It is read in court.

'' Bearing date March 29, 1756. It is an '' agreement of separation between him and Frances '' his first wife, wherein he agreed to allow her '' the sum of 3 l. 18 s. per year, and he to be clear '' of any debts she should contract, and Thomas '' Butler to pay to the prisoner the money again, '' if he the said prisoner should pay any debts '' that Frances his wife should contract,


Richard Warren , Frances Warren , Thomas Butler

Sealed and deliver'd in the presence of Samuel Johnson and John Palmer .''

Thomas Butler . ( He holds a certificate in his hand.) This was taken from the register book of marriage.

Q. Did you compare this with the book?

Butler. No. I did not, farther than the names.

Q. Did you read the book while the register-keeper look'd over this, or did he read the book while you look'd over this?

Butler. No.

Court. This is no evidence at all, a copy of the register is the proper proof. It is common to get half a crown of people, and give them a certificate; what is that? It is no more than a ballad. People have lost their estates this way.

John Godfrey . I am clerk of the parish of St. James's Clerkenwell.

Q. Do you remember any marriage being solemnized about the 10th of May last, between the prisoner at the bar and Elizabeth Pritchard ?

Godfrey. I was present.

Q. Who performed the ceremony?

Godfrey. The reverend Mr. William Sellon the curate.

Q. Is he a clergyman of the church of England?

Godfrey. He is.

Q. Where was it solemnized?

Godfrey. It was solemnized in the church.

Q. Was it by licence or bans?

Godfrey. They had bans of marriage there.

Q. Was it published three times?

Godfrey. It was.

Q. Was the ceremony according to that of the church of England?

Godfrey. It was. I and John Silvester were the two witnesses.

Q. Are you sure the prisoner is the man?

Godfrey. He is the man.

Q. Do you know Elizabeth Pritchard ?

Godfrey. I do not. It was published Elizabeth Pritchard , of St. Giles's.

Thomas Butler . Here is the first wife in court. (Pointing to her.)

Q. Is that the lady to whom he was married, by the name of Elizabeth Pritchard ?

Butler. No, it is not.

Cross examination.

Q. Was she of age?

Butler. No, she was not.

Q. Did any of her relations appear?

Butler. Her aunt appear'd.

Q. Was inquiry made whether she had father or mother living?

Butler. I inquired, and was told her father and mother were both dead. Her aunt was the nearest kindred, who brought her up.

Margaret Price . Elizabeth Pritchard was my niece. I was present at her marriage to the prisoner at the bar, at Clerkenwell church, on the first of May last.

Q. How old is she?

M. Price. She is about twenty years of age.

Q. Did you consent to it?

M. Price. I did.

Q. Who was she married to?

M. Price. To the prisoner at the bar.

Q. What did he call himself?

M. Price. He said he was a single man.

Q. Has she any other relations?

M. Price. Her father and mother are dead. She has some relations I think in Brecknockshire, but none of any signification.

Cross examination.

Q. Were they asked in any other church before this?

M. Price. They were.

Q. Why were they not married there?

M. Price. I don't know.

For the prisoner.

Colonel John Parker . I have known the prisoner near twelve months. He was a corporal in my company.

Q. Is he so now?

Parker. No. His health failed him very much. He complained the duty of a corporal was too hard for him, and desired to be a private man. He behaved very well. As to the fact he is charged with I know nothing of it.

Joseph Cox . I have known the prisoner ever since the second of February, 1749-50. I enter'd him on that day, and he continued in the company a year as a private man. He behaved so well, that it was thought proper to make him a corporal. I never knew him to commit any irregularity. His behaviour was with sobriety and decency. He is in another company now.

Benjamin Alingham . I have known the prisoner between six and seven years.

Q. What is his general character ?

Alingham. That of a very honest industrious man. He always behaved well in his duty as a soldier.

William Hide . I have known him six years.

Q. What is his general character ?

Hide. He is a good soldier, and a very regular man.

John Bacon . I have known him upwards of six years.

Q. What is his general character?

Bacon. He is a very sober honest man, and did his duty exceeding well. He would not wrong any body of any thing.

William Harris . I have known him between six and seven years.

Q. What is his general character?

Harris. He is a very good soldier , and a very honest man. He had a good character through the whole regiment.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

Matthew Copeland.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-49
VerdictNot Guilty

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450. (M.) Matthew otherwise Mathias Copeland , was indicted for stealing seven hens, value

seven shillings , the property of Thomas Banks , September 25 . ++

Thomas Banks . I can't charge the prisoner with any thing. I can only say I lost seven hens as mention'd in the indictment.

Thomas Brotherton . I labour in the gardens, at Mr. Banks's. There were some hens missing, who took them I can't tell; but I am sure they were at roost in the barn the night they were lost.

Margaret Taylor . I lay in bed, in the barn where the hens roosted, and a child about ten years of age with me. Between ten and eleven o'clock two persons came in. I heard a stranger ask where he was got now. The prisoner answered him, and said, d - n your eyes don't speak a word. After this I heard three fowls taken from their roost. I believe four, by the fluttering of their wings. I heard them kill them.

Q. Did you see the prisoner?

M. Taylor. No, but I know it was he that said that, for I knew his voice, being used to him, morning, noon and night, and in the night he spoke it with a sentence. There was but a little dog-house between us.

Q. Can you be certain how many hens were taken from their roost?

M. Taylor. I can swear to four of them, that were intirely killed.

Q. What became of them?

M. Taylor. They were taken away.

Q. How do you know that?

M. Taylor. They were not left there.

Q. When was this?

M. Taylor. On the Saturday before Michaelmas day.

Q. Was you before the justice?

M. Taylor. I was; I heard the prisoner examined, and swore that it was his voice I heard there that night.

Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?

M. Taylor. He felt to abusing me, not attempting to justify himself as a man would do. I knew him by his voice, for I have heard it early and late; I have heard it thousands of times.

Q. Did he say nothing for himself before the justice?

M. Taylor. He said, Sir, I know no more of it than you do, I have not been there since my master discharged me.

Prisoner's defence.

That night these fowls were lost I was at work for a butcher in the town; I came home and went to bed, and did not go out till nine o'clock next morning.

Q. to M. Taylor. You hear the prisoner, is that the same voice you heard in the barn?

M. Taylor. It is the very same voice.

Q. What time of night was it that you heard the voice in the barn?

M. Taylor. As near as I can tell it was betwixt ten and eleven; it was just before a hard shower came upon us.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Rivers.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbert17561020-50

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451. (M.) Elizabeth Rivers , spinster , was indicted for stealing one camlet gown, value 6 s. the property of Daniel Hardley , Sept. 16 . ++

Daniel Hardley . I live in Gravel lane , I lost a gown out of my room, and the prisoner took it.

Q. How do you know that?

Hardley. Because when I took her she own'd it, and carried me to the pawnbroker's house where she had pawn'd it.

Q. Did she live in the house with you?

Hardley. No, she did not; she used to come along with a ballad-singer to my house. She came one night and I let her in, and having no place to lie at I permitted her to lie at my bed's feet. I went out in the morning to get myself a pot of beer, and when I came back she and the gown were both gone.

Q. When had you seen it last?

Hardley. I had it in my hand about an hour before I went out. The people underneath where I live said they saw the prisoner go out with a bundle under her cloaths, when I was gone.

Q. Where did you meet with her again?

Hardley. About Broad St. Giles's.

Q. Did you charge her with taking the gown?

Hardley. Yes I did, and she said she got a key, open'd my door, and took the gown out.

Q. Did you make her any promises before this?

Hardley. I promised I would not prosecute her, if she would confess.

Q. Then how came it about that you do prosecute her?

Hardley. Because I could not get the gown from the pawnbroker without it.

Q. Where did she say the pawnbroker lived?

Hardley. She went along with me to the house, and called for it in her own name.

Q. Where is your gown?

Hardley. It is at the pawnbroker's now.

Q. What is his name?

Hardley. He is here, his name is Henry Gear .

Henry Gear . I am a pawnbroker, my master's name is Samuel Urwin ; the prisoner brought me a gown to pawn on the 16th of September.

Q. Where is the gown?

Gear. It is not here.

Q. What did you lend her upon it?

Gear. Three shillings.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did you see the gown at the pawnbroker's house?

Prosecutor. I did.

Q. What is the colour of it?

Prosecutor. A brown copper colour.

Q. to Gear. What colour'd gown did the prisoner bring to you?

Gear. It is the same colour the prosecutor describes.

Cecilia Hardley . I am wife to the prosecutor; the gown that is lost is mine, I had not worn it. I hung it upon a line, intending to throw this away that I have on, being a very bad one. I went out with my husband, and in the mean time the prisoner open'd the door, as she herself confessed, and took it away.

The prisoner had nothing to say in her own defence.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbers17561020-1

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received sentence of death 5.

William Higgins - 403

Jonathan Hirst , otherwise Johnson - 438

James Baythorn - 423

John Hughes - 440

Francis Mugford - 445

Transportation for seven years 19.

Ann Ellison - 447

William Cook - 448

John Pinchen - 415

Thomas Heath - 419

John Hudson - 416

Mary Merredy - 427

John Norris - 398

Mary Baker - 421

Bridget Newman - 428

Mary Molloy - 422

Charles Gutteridge - 401

Elizabeth Rivers - 451

John Stubbs - 409

Mary Young - 410

William Fife - 421

Edward Hodsman - 434

Mary Wilson - 436

Joseph Keith - 432

Clement Matthews - 444

To be branded 3.

John Domine (imprisoned in Newgate 10 Months ) 443

Samuel Lawrence - 417

Richard Warren - 449

To be whipped 3.

James Polk , otherwise Pollock - 433

William Yardley - 397

Mary Hiliard - 435

A List of the Acquitted.

Peter Careless - 400

Hannah Judkins - 402

John Martin , otherwise Christopher Snowden 404

Mary Beeker - 405

Sarah Anchors - 406

James M'Call - 407

John Gadfery - 408

Eleanor Riland - 411

Robert Turvey - 412

Margaret Pitcher - 413

Rose Banks - 414

Thomas Gregory - 418

Amelia Woodford - 420

Elizabeth Grant - 424

John Fuller - 426

Thomas Whealey - 429

Diana Brown - 430

James Scarlet - 431

George Eastment - 437

Jane Smith - 446

Matthew Copeland - 450

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
20th October 1756
Reference Numbera17561020-1

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