Old Bailey Proceedings.
4th December 1751
Reference Number: 17511204

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
4th December 1751
Reference Numberf17511204-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 4th, Thursday the 5th, Friday the 6th, and Saturday the 7th of December.

In the 25th Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. BEING THE First SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the Right Honble Thomas Winterbottom , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row, 1751

[Price Four-Pence.]


King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable THOMAS WINTERBOTTOM , Esq; Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Honourable Sir THOMAS DENNISON , Knt. * the Honourable Sir THOMAS BIRCH , Knt. + RICHARD ADAMS , Esq; ++ Recorder, and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

N. B. * + ++ direct to the Judge before whom the Prisoner was tried. L. M. by which Jury.

London Jury.

Joseph Dent ,

Joseph Adams ,

Francis Hutchins ,

John Ogilvie ,

Thomas Chappell ,

Josiah Sheppard ,

John Taylor ,

Eustace Kentish ,

William Shaw ,

Thomas Thorne ,

James Bradley ,

David Moreden ,

Middlesex Jury.

Richard Mount ,

Edward Grange ,

Henry Crosswell

John Marchant ,

Christopher Jackson ,

Thomas Linnall ,

John Man ,

John Smith ,

Francis Murton ,

Thomas Layton ,

Thomas Clark ,

John Stamper .

John Felton.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-1

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1. (L.) John Felton , was indicted for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 10 d. the property of George Clark , Oct. 24 . ++.

George Clark . On the twenty-fourth of October, between twelve and one at noon, there was a-stop occasioned by a coach at the end of Birchin-lane, Lombard-street ; standing there I thought I felt something in my pocket, I turned about and saw the prisoner with my handkerchief in his hand, he seeing me look at him let it fall, I took hold on him, and took up the handkerchief.

Q. When had you seen your handkerchief last before that?

Clark. I had made use of it but a little time before; the prisoner said it was not him, it was another boy; but there were none near him.

Prisoner's Defence.

There was a great mob at the corner of the street, and many other people besides me.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Bickerton.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-2

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2. (M.) John Bickerton , was indicted for stealing eighteen yards of hair cloth, value eighteen shillings , the property of Sarah Kanell widow , November 9 . *.

Sarah Kanell . I keep a turner's shop in Theobald's-Row , I lost eighteen yards of hair cloth out of my shop either the 8th or 9th of November. I heard it was sold to Mr. Wetherstone, in Portugal-street, I took the maker there, the maker said it was the cloth he sold me.

Walter Bilham . I am the maker, I went with the prosecutrix to Mr. Wetherstone's shop and measured the piece of hair cloth. I sold it her the 26th of October; Mr. Wetherstone said he bought it at his door, and that he should know the man again.

[The cloth produced in court.]

Q. to the Prosecutrix. Is this your property ?

Sarah Kanell . I verily believe it to be mine.

Alexander Wetherstone . I keep a turner's shop, I bought this cloth of the prisoner the 9th of November at my door, I never saw the prisoner before to my knowledge; he came and asked me if I wanted any hair cloth, saying there was 18 or 19 yards three quarters wide, he measured it for 19. I gave him thirteen shillings for it, he was taken up that very day se'nnight at another shop offering some stolen matting.

Mark Hall. The prisoner came to my shop on the 16th, to offer to sell some matting; I having heard of this cloth being stolen, stopped the prisoner.

Prisoner's Defence.

Two men brought the cloth to me to sell, my business being the same as theirs; I sold it for them, and got a little by it: If they had let me alone I believe I should have taken the men, they said they had many more things to dispose of, in the turning way that they had failed. I don't know either of their names.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Macknamar.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-3

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3. (M.) John Macknamar , was indicted for that he, on the 2d of November , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling house of Israel Buckee , did break and enter, and steal two silver watches, value 4 l. five gold rings, value 50 shillings, seven silver spoons, value 15 shillings, five silver thimbles, two silver stock-buckles, four pair of silver sleeve-buttons with stones, two stay-buckles with Bristol stones; two shirts, two pair of sleeves, three pair of stock-ings, three woollen aprons, one white apron, eight handkerchiefs, silk and cotton, a wooden drawer and other things; thirty shillings in halfpence . *.

Israel Buckee. I am a pawnbroker , and live in Holywell-lane, Shoreditch ; on the 2d of November betwixt the hours of one and five my wash-house was broke open, from thence into the cellar, then the door was burst open into my shop which is over it: my drawers and show-glass were broke open. [He shewed a pair of tongs much bent.] These tongs, when I went to bed after making all fast, were standing in my chimney in the parlour; I found in this condition, laying in the shop, the things mentioned in the indictment gone; the prisoner and evidence absconded, they lived in the neighbourhood, I knew them well. On the Monday after a man came to me and said there was a drawer lying in the field behind Holywell-Mount, I went and found it to be mine ; there were some old cloaths laying by it, which I apprehended might belong to the prisoner. I took an officer and went and searched the prisoner's father's house on the 21st of November, but could not find him: then I went and searched Guest's house and took him. I took him before justice Withers, there he owned he, the prisoner and the prisoner's brother Joseph, rob'd me of the goods mentioned, that the prisoner and he had sold them, some at Salisbury, some at Newbery, some at Bristol, and some at Reading ; he had on a cap and a pair of shoes, my property, which I then lost, I found nothing more.

Q. What time did you go to bed that night?

Buckee. I went to bed at one in the morning. I awaked at five, and did not sleep after, and heard no noise till I got up, which was about eight.

James Guest . I was coming along Holywell-lane, the prisoner called to me, it was on a Saturday, I don't know the day of the month, he asked me to drink, we did; then he asked me to go with him to Old George-street, he went there under pretence to try on a coat, as soon as he had got it on he ran away, and I after him, he went and sold it for 15 pence, and went and drank at the Black Dog in Shoreditch, then we went to his father's; he asked his brother to come with him and bring a Chissel, so we went all three to the prosecutor's house, we broke into the wash-house through some boards, they both went in, I stayed without, we was there about half an hour, they brought out two silver watches, five gold rings, five silver thimbles, some quantity of buttons, eight handkerchiefs, and other things: then the prisoner and I went to Bristol, his brother went home. Some of the things we sold going, some there, some coming back, I don't know the towns names; coming back the prisoner took seven silver spoons out of his pocket and flung them away, they being mark'd fearing they should be catched, the prisoner throwed the drawer over into a field by the side of Holywell-Mount, I pulled off my old rag of a shirt, a waistcoat, and apron, and throwed them away a little distance from the field where he throwed the drawer.

Q. How long were you absent?

Guest. About three weeks.

Q. to the Prosecutor. What distance were the old cloaths from the drawer?

Buckee. They were lying within a yard of each other, if any body had brought them there that first found the drawer, that I can't tell.

Edward P. I was in Bridewell, and heard the prisoner say, he could make a greater discovery than Guest could, and that he could get more goods in a house than Guest could.

Charles Remington . I was at the taking the prisoner at the bar, in Featherstone-street. He begged he might be admitted an evidence about this robbery. I told him he should if possible. He said his brother was not guilty, but he himself was. He also in my hearing begged of 'Squire Withers to be admitted an evidence, but the other was admitted before.

Isaac Walden . I heard the prisoner own before 'Squire Withers, he was one that robbed Mr. Buckee's house, saying James Guest had not been with him in any other robbery but that.

Prisoner's Defence.

When I was in Bridewell last Sunday was a week, this long Charles, who makes it his bread to swear people's lives away, came to me and bid me pull off my shirt and say it was Mr. Buckee's shirt, and I should get clear. At the time of the robbery I was on board an Indiaman that is in the river.

Guilty , Death .

Russel Parnell.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-4

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4. (M.) Russel Parnell , was indicted for putting Joseph Charles Lyre in bodily fear, and robbing him on the King's highway of a Pinchbeck metal watch, value 15 s. one pocket piece, one guinea, and sixteen shillings in money number'd , Oct. 6 . +.

Joseph Charles Lyre . I live in Lamport-street, Goodmans-fields , I have known the prisoner some time, on the 6th of October I was drinking at the White Bear next door to my house, there were the prisoner and George Hall the evidence drinking there, together with one Roberson and two women. I went home a little while, and came in again, having pull'd off my hat and wig, and put on a cap. After which the prisoner and Hall went out. I had pull'd out my pocket-piece and believe they had seen it. I went out again about five or six minutes after them. Going into my own door they stopped me. George Hall put his hand to my eyes and mouth, and swore they would blow my brains out if I resisted. The prisoner took my watch and money out of my pocket. There was a guinea and six shillings in silver, some half pence, and a silver pocket piece. This was about half an hour after ten o'clock, I never saw Hall before that time, I saw them by a lamp at my own door, as they ran away.

George Hall. The prisoner and I lived in the Back-lane, Cable-street in one house, he gave me liquor, and perswaded me to go. I went, we John Roberson at the White Bear. We saw the prosecutor sitting there by the fire. He pull'd his watch out to wind it up. In pulling out his money he took out this pocket-piece, and throw'd it down. I said to the prisoner, that gentleman will do for us ; he went out of the house, we watch'd him, he came in again with his cap on, then we came in again, and had another pot of beer. We went out and parted with Roberson. The prosecutor came out, we ran over to him, I put my hands round his neck and said if he stirred we would blow his brains out; the prisoner stood right before him, he felt in one pocket and said there was no money in it, then he put his hand into another, and took out a guinea and a pocket-piece. We went away and went round Stepney-fields, then to a house in Whitechapel. there we heard people were after us. Knowing him we were willing to keep out of the way. The next day we went to Stratford. There we heard more of it, that they were after us. Then we sent for one Dick Morris to buy the watch, it was in a single case, we sold it to Minions a Jew for a guinea. We shared the money. We were taken in bed together with my wife and his company-keeper. We were carried before Sir Samuel Gore . I was willing to make a discovery of all, so I made my information full against him and other persons.

Q. How long had you been acquainted?

Hall. About four or five months.

James Roberson . Some time about the sixth of October, the prisoner and this Hall, were together with I and two women, at the White Bear. We drank three full pots of beer. I staid till ten o'clock and left them at the door. The prosecutor lives next door to this alehouse.

[The pocket-piece which was taken out of the prisoner's pocket produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]

Prisoner. I leave it to the mercy of the court.

To his Character.

Ann Simpson . The prisoner lived with my husband about eight years, and behaved very honestly.

Mary Gough . I have known him twenty years, he is very industrious, and bears a very good character.

- Stevenson. I have known him about three years, I never knew any thing dishonest in him.

Elizabeth Pettey . I have known him from a year old, he was always very honest.

Guilty Death .

*** See No. 374 in F. Cokayne's Mayoralty.

Mary Riley.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-5

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5. (M.) Mary Riley , otherwise Bulger , spinster , was indicted for stealing one linen gown, value 15 s. four linen shirts, value 6 s. one linen shift, one neckcloth, one linen cap : the goods of James Highton , Oct. 16 . +.

James Highton . I saw the prisoner come out of my house with a bundle in her apron, on the sixteenth of October, about four o'clock. I went to the door and found it broke open. I pursued her through some all near where I live, she ran into a man shop, and dropped the things mentioned. ( Produced in court and deposed to) She went into the yard, I took hold on her, she asked me if I wanted to rob her? I said I'd let her know she had robbed me.

John Bryan . The Street was full of people, the prisoner came running into my shop, and dropped he but down by the counter and went into my yard, the prosecutor followed and took her, he was within two yards of her I believe, when she came in.

William Smith . I am headborough of the parish of St. Gyles's. The prosecutor brought the prisoner to my house, and a woman brought the bundle, I have had them in my custody ever since.

Prisoner's Defence.

I happened to go into this house to enquire for a chair-woman, and to have a half-pennyworth of small beer. Then I went backward to make water. The man came and took hold on me. I asked him what he wanted with me. He called me several bitches, and asked me what I had in my apron. I had nothing there. Then he had me away to the headborough's house.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Bready.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-6
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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6. (M.) Ann Bready , widow , was indicted for stealing three hats, value 3 s. the property of Charles Boyce , Oct. 6 . *.

Charles Boyce . I am a hat-maker and live in Rosemary-lane . On the 6th of October, between ten and eleven in the forenoon, I went down stairs into the kitchen, a neighbour called and told me she saw a woman come out of my shop with some hats. I went out and took the prisoner with these three hats upon her, my property. (Produced in court.) She was very much in liquor.

Robert Brown . I saw the prisoner come out of the prosecutor's shop with these hats, she wanted to shuffle them under her apron. I went and told him, he followed and I with him. He took her with them upon her.

Prisoner's Defence

I picked the hats up as I was coming along.

Guilty 10 d .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Thomas Booth.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-7
VerdictNot Guilty

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7. (M.) Thomas Booth , was indicted for he, together with Nathaniel Wilks , on the 28th of September , about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling-house of Steven Pile did break and enter, and steal out thence thirty-four calves skins, value 8 l. two linen checque aprons, and one pair of pumps . *.

Steven Pile . I live in Holbourn , am a currier , on the 28th of September I lost the Goods mentioned. The skins were hanging in my shed, which is like a brewer's shed, the pumps were in my work-shop underneath the shed, the two checque aprons were hanging upon a line in the yard. The boards of the shed were broken to get in.

Q. Does this shed belong to your dwelling-house?

Pile. It is part of it, it joins to it.

Q. Can you go out of your house into it, without going into the yard?

Pile. The door opens into the yard.

James Davis . The prisoner came to me when I was in my bed, in Cross-lane joining to Holbourn in Star-court; he told me he could get such goods, and that he could make money of them presently; when he brought me there, they were all removed; this was in the beginning of September; after that he came again on the 28th, when the place was full of goods; we went, and one Nathaniel Wilks with us; there is a thoroughfare that goes from Holbourn into a back-street, out of which place we got into the prosecutor's drying room by breaking a board, and from thence down into the shop; then we opened the door by breaking the lock, and went out into the yard, there was a light in a one pair of stairs room. We took away the leather, 36 skins, 3 linen aprons that hung on a line betwixt two houses, we took a pair of pumps from out of the workshop. As the watchman came by that back place, we fastened the door fearing he should knock against it; when he was gone by, we went with the goods to my apartment; we sold three of the skins, and the rest of them were taken again by the prosecutor. They were to have been sold to a man that buys all manner of stolen goods, where the prisoner lodged. He wanted me to let him have them for a tenth part of the value ; so we quarrelled, and so the affair came out; the constable heard us quarrel, as

he came by. So the next morning the prisoner divulged the whole to him; the constable took us both up, if they had not been wet, we should have sold them all.

Q. to the Pros. What goods did you find again?

Pros. I found 2 dozen and eight of them in this evidence's room.

Thomas James . I am constable; on the 2d of October, the prisoner came to give me information of the robbery, and asked me if a Neighbour was not robbed of some leather? he said they were to be found at either Davis's, or Wilks's; and wanted to know, if there was a reward if the person was cast. Then I went with the prosecutor and found 2 dozen and eight calf skins, and one coloured apron. The prisoner did not say he was in the robbery, but that the reason of his coming was upon a quarrel.

Prisoner. It is all false they have sworn.

Acq .

Eleanor .
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-8
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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8. (M.) Eleanor wife of John M'Clean , was indicted for that she on the 11th of Nov. about the hour of one in the night, the dwelling house of James Brown , did break, and enter, and steal one brass copper, value 15 s. three linen aprons, two small night-gowns, one swanskin blanket, one skirt of a coat, one wooden tub, the goods of the said James in his dwelling house . ++

James Brown . I live in Wapping . My house was broke open between the 11th and 12th of Nov. My washhouse is part of my dwellinghouse; I fastened the shutter of it up with a cord, the cord was cut, and the things mentioned taken out of the washhouse.

Jane Brown . I am wife to the Prosecutor; we went to bed on the 11th of Nov. betwixt ten and eleven. There were two night gowns of my child's, three aprons, a blanket, and table-cloth in a tub. When I got up in the morning about six o'clock they were all gone; the copper was taken out of the brickwork and gone, the window open. After this, I met the prisoner with one of the aprons on, and knowed it directly, it was made out of an old check shirt of my husband's. She said she found it in the channel; after that, she said she found it in two other places. We took her before Justice Gore, she confessed which way she got it. She said two men, James Sinclare , and another, got in; and she received the things over the pales. She was asked where she sold them? she said she would not tell, except the Constable would go with her, then she would shew him the house where she dried the apron, and that was part of the goods. We never found any of the things except this apron.

William Pendery , and Elizabeth Nelson, who lodge in the house, gave an account of the breaking, &c.

Alexander Matzruk . I am a constable. Mrs. Brown came and told me the prisoner had her apron on. I went, the prisoner had throw'd it down. I heard her say, that cursed apron.

Prisoner's Defence.

James Sinclare came to me, and desired I would sell the brass copper; I went with his wife, we sold it; she gave me three-pence and this old apron. I would have gone with any person and shewed them Sinclare, but they would not go.

Guilty Felony only .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth More, Elizabeth Deverix.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-9
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty

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9, 10. (L.) Elizabeth More , Widow , and Elizabeth Deverix , spinster , were indicted for stealing eleven handkerchiefs, silk and cotton, called soosea Handkerchiefs, value 20 s. the goods of Caleb Mathews , in his shop , Nov. 22 . ++

John Stephens . I live with Mr. Matthews, at the Halfmoon, in Newgate-street , he is a linendraper . The two prisoners came into his shop on Monday, the 22 of Nov. under pretence of buying an ell of cloth; they gave me a deal of trouble, they bid me cut it off, and paid me for it. They went out for about eight or ten minutes, and came again; and told me they wanted to look at some more to make a shift. Master came forward and gave me orders to watch them, I did; and thought Deverix had something under her left arm, she had a cloak on, I saw it was coloured by a little bit that hung down, I thought it was check. They both went out without buying then. I told master they had something; he bid me go after them, I went to a shoemaker's shop, and took Thomas Brown with me. I took hold on Deverix, near the Salutation and Cat, in the same street. She immediately said, Indeed I have got nothing. The other immediately ran up the passage, Brown ran after her and took hold on her, we brought them back; we met a person about the Hospital-gate, that swore at us, and bid us let them go about their business; when we came into the shop, Brown took the Handkerchiefs out of More's pocket, [produced in court,] a piece of soosea for handkerchiefs, the property of my master, which had been shewed to a customer about half an hour before; one was sold, there were twelve handkerchiefs in the piece.

Thomas Brown . My master lives next door to Mr. Matthews. The last Evidence came and told me, I went with him, he confirmed the above.

Edward Chinia , I am Constable, I was sent for, the goods was deliver'd to me, when I came they were seald up, and I kept them ever since, in searching them, I found 2 handkerchiefs in More's pocket, which were not made up.

Deverix's Defence.

Mrs. More and I had work'd together at Pencelling, she came to me and said she wanted a piece of Irish cloath. I went with her into the gentleman's shop, we could not agree, for the last peice we came directly out of the door, she went to go up a court, the gentleman came and took hold of me, I know'd nothing of any thing being taken.

More's Defence.

I went to Mrs. Deverix, she went to help me into work; I said I would buy a little doulass to make my child a shift, they would not take my money, we went out at the door; we went in again, and cheapen'd a bit of Irish to make sleves, we went out, I was taken bad in the street and went up that yard; as soon as he came, I went back with him, I stood by the place where there are handkerchiefs, but never had any such thing in my pocket.

Hannah Porter . I live just by St. George's Church, I have known More about 14 years, I never heard any thing amiss of her; I know nothing of Deverix.

William Lanham . I have known More 7 or 8 years, I never heard any ill of her, I have seen the other once or twice, but know nothing of her.

Becket Mitchel. I have known More 10 years, I keep the 3 Cups Inn in Holbourn, she and her Husband both liv'd once in my house, I never heard an ill thing of her in my Life.

Martha Brown . I live at Cow-Cross, I take in pencilling for a callico-printer, I have known Deverix 7 months, she is a Penciller, she served me faithfully and honestly, she might have carried away pieces of 7 or 8 pounds value; I never missed any thing, she had left my service about a month being taken ill.

Thomas Gurney . I have workt years for a gentleman where the 2 prisoners pencilled; as to More by seeing her at the bar I know her again, I have seen her come and go with others to and from work, it is not in my power to speak well or ill of her, as to her general character, not knowing her name, till I heard 2 of them were in trouble; I have known Deverix 2 or 3 years, and us'd to look upon her as an honest inoffensive body, but she has been gone from us about a year, so cannot say any thing to her conduct from that time.

More Guilty 10 d .

Deverix Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Russel.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-10
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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11. (L.) Ann Russel , Spinster , was indicted for stealing 11 silk Handkerchiefs, value 22 s. the goods of John Dobey , in his shop , Nov. 29 . ++

John Dobey , I am a Haberdasher of Small-wares and live at Holborn-Bridge . I had been out and just come in, the prisoner came to our Shop between 4 and 5 about dusk, Nov. 29. My boy serv'd her, after she was gone, he informed me he missed something. I went out and took her about a hundred yards from my door, with 11 handkerchiefs upon her.

[Produced in court, and deposed to.]

George Bethel . I live at Holborn-bridge with the prosecutor, the woman came to my masters shop last Friday night and desired to see some India handkerchiefs, I told her we had got none, but we had some London made; I show'd her some, she did not like them, she went to the other counter, then she ask'd what she must give for the eleven, and what for one singly. Then she went out in great haste, which gave me some suspicion. I mist the handkerchiefs, my master was behind the other counter, I told him; we both went after her, and brought her back, she said she had not got any thing, and she would not be search'd. We found the piece under her cloak.

William Farrow . I am constable, Mr. Dobey sent for me to take charge of this woman, he said she had got some handkerchiefs. When she found she must be searched, she took them from under her cloak, and said she wanted to be out of the world.

Prisoner, It is true what they say.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Gillham.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-11
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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12. (L.) Sarah Gillham , widow , was indicted for stealing 7 yards and 3 quarters of silk and cotton mix'd, value 14 s. in the shop of John Wilson , his property , Oct. 28 . *

Hannah Wilson. I am wife to John Wilson , I have employed the prisoner as a quilter at times near 4 years. I was without a servant maid, she came to my house about a 11 o'clock the 28th of Oct. I desired her to stay and cook dinner, she did, I was very busy in the shop, she took an opportunity to go into the back shop and take this piece of Indian.

Q. Did you see her take the piece?

H. Wilson. I was in the fore shop and saw her take it, and put it close to her and go up stairs. She

came down and wanted to go out, I desired her to go up stairs again. I followed her; she came down again, and I searched her. I turned up her petticoat and on her right side I found it, the lining of her petticoat was lose where it was, it fell down on the floor, I kept her and sent for a constable.

Sarah Davis . I saw the piece of silk and cotton drop from the inside of her petticoat.

Mary Theed . I was in the shop buying a piece of Camblet. I saw the prisoner take the piece of cloth and hold it close to her side and go up stairs. Then she came down and put on her hat and cloak and said she was going out. Mrs. Wilson desired her to go up stairs and take the child, while she had dispatched her customers, she came down with the child in her arms, as she was going up again, I saw a lump near her knee about the bigness of the piece, it was roll'd up. I saw her search'd and the piece fell from her cloaths.

Thomas Burton . I saw her take it as she was in the back shop, I was at Mrs. Wilson's right hand. She went up stairs, master was absent, Mrs. sent me for him; I could not find him. When I came back, Mistress went up stairs and tax'd her with taking it, she came down and was for going out; she went backwards to the very same place where she took it, and there dropt it down from under her petticoates.

Prisoner's Defence.

I went in the morning betwixt ten and eleven, for business, Mrs. Wilson desired me to stay and dress dinner; I went to Billingsgate and bought a fish, and dressed it: and did other necessaries, I have had several pieces of them, and paid for them out of my work. I had washed my hands and I took and carried that piece up, thinking to agree with her for it, for my child: I had it in my right hand.

To her Character.

Mary Thomas . The prisoner lived with me a year and four months; I knew nothing ill of her.

Sarah China . She lived with me servant; I know nothing to the contrary, but that she is very honest; she went from my house last March. She had and exceeding good character when she came to me.

Q. How long did she live with you?

Sarah China . She lived with me five weeks.

Sarah Williams . I have known her upwards of six years; I never heard any ill of her before this thing.

Jane Jones . I have known her twelve years; she lived twice with me, I never heard any ill of her before.

Mary Srotetman . I have known her three or four years; she had done work for me, I always heard a good character of her.

John Perry . I have known her two or three years; I never heard any ill of her before, and was much surprized when I heard this.

Anne Perry . I have known her near twenty years; she is a very honest pains-taking woman. I never heard ill of her.

John Frances . I have known her about six years. I never saw any thing of her dishonest in my life

Guilty of felony only .

[Branding. See summary.]

Richard Piper.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-12

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13. (L.) Richard Piper , was indicted for stealing eight yards of silk, value 20 shillings, 7 yards of silk, value 16 shillings , the property of Samuel Beard , November 20 . *.

Samuel Beard . These two parcels [produced in court] are two gowns taken to pieces, which were sent to me to be dyed. The prisoner was my servant , I had some reason to suspect the prisoner when I missed them. I went to a neighbouring pawnbroker Thomas Brown , and asked his servant if he had any goods brought in the name of Richard Piper , there I found them.

Thomas Slayter . I am servant to Mr. Brown, the prisoner brought two gowns taken to pieces to our house, one I believe the 20th of November, the other I cannot recolect the day, I delivered them to the prosecutor, I cannot be positive they are the two parcels, they have been watered since.

Prosecutor. These are the same parcels which Mr. Slayter delivered to me, they were rough when I received them, but have been watered since.

For the Prisoner.

Jonathan Gladen . I live just by Mr. Beard's, I have known the prisoner five or six years; he has lodged at my house between three and four years; he always had a key to go backwards and forwards. I never found any thing dishonest of him.

John Cook . I have known him six or seven years; I always took him to be an honest man.

Prosecutor. I only produce these, but before my Lord-Mayor I swore to more which he pawned.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Brown.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-13

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14. (M.) Mary Brown , spinster , was indicted for stealing three linen shirts, value 3 shillings, the goods of William Brooks : two linen shirts, value 2 shillings , the goods of Robert Forsey , November 4 . *

William Brooks. On the 4th of November, I was in a yard joining to our house; I looked up through the window, and saw a woman go up stairs. I ran up the back stair case, I took hold of the door that leads to the stair case, I believe a minute or two, there came the prisoner at the bar down from the two pair of stairs, she said she had been up to a gentleman for some linen to wash : I drew her apron aside, there I saw three of my own, and two of my fellow servant Robert Forsey 's shirts. I took her before Mr. Fielding, and she was committed.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am a market woman in Covent-Garden, I met a gentleman, he desired me to go up to his room, I did, he gave me these shirts, the prosecutor met me, I told him such a man had given them to me and was gone down stairs, so they took me and brought me before the justice.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Cousson.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-14
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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15. (M.) Ann Cousson , widow , was indicted for stealing one linen cap, one cambrick handkerchief, one pair of linen sleeves, one pair of ruffles, one linen apron, one linen bag, six guineas, and six shillings, the goods of Richard Busby in his dwelling house , Oct. 19 . +

Richard Busby . The prisoner was my Servant , I keep the Cherry-tree Clerkenwell , she was making the bed, I ordered her to lay the cloth for dinner, which she did; then she made through the back door, we missed her in half an hour, my wife went up stairs, she came down and said the drawers and trunk were broke open, and the linen and money gone. I took horse and went down beyondEpping where her friends lived, I heard nothing of her; after that a man came to town and told me he believed my maid was taken, I went with him and found it so, the cap, hat, sleeves, ruffles and apron, she had on, were my wife's; she produced the bag and no more than 16 shilling in it, it is a very remarkable bag, produced in court, we took her before the justice Mr. Conyers, she then confest the taking the things, and signed it the 22d of Oct. 1751. it was read in court.

Prisoner. I was much in Liquor when I did it.

Guilty of Felony only .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary White.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-15
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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16 (M) Mary wife of John White , was indicted for stealing two gold rings, value 20 s. one gold ring with stones, two plain gold rings, one silk gown, one silk handkerchief, one cotton handkerchief, one holland apron, one pair of silver buttons, two dollars, one half guinea and two shillings in money numbered, the goods of Isabella Bowman , widow , in the dwelling house of the said Isabella , Oct. 27 . ++

Isabella Bowman. I live by the Hermitage , the prisoner was recommended to lodge with me a night or two, this was on the 26th of Oct. on the 27th she broke open my chest, and went away at 5 at night; I did not miss the things till the Monday morning, she not returning.

Q. Was your chest locked?

I. Bowman. It was and the key in my pocket, she had laid a bed on Sunday pretending she was not well, the chest and trunk were in her room, with the goods mentioned in the indictment.

Q. When had you seen these things last?

I. Bowman. I had seen them the Sunday before, she had on when taken a peticoat and a handkerchief, the three rings produced in court. The stone ring was pin'd up in the robings of her gown, near her breast, the other were in the custody of the Constable before I came, she said to the justice she had nothing to say for herself.

Peter Tombe . I am Constable; on the 31st of August, one William Hadinote a serjeant of the guards, came to me with a warrant, I went with him to King-street Westminster, we found the prisoner in bed in her lodgings, where the plain ring was then in her hand, I took her to the Gatehouse, the prosecutrix came in the evening, we had her before justice Lediard where we searched her. I found the stone ring in her gown lining, and two peticoate which the prosecutrix swore to, she said she had nothing to say for herself.

William Hadinote . I was by at the apprehending the prisoner, she came to the Tilt-yard, to enquire for a soldier, and I saw she had four rings on her fingers the corporals went and show'd her him, they went and took aroom in Westminister ; after I saw the Advertisement, I went to justice Lediard and took his advice, and brought her before him, I took the two plain rings out of her hand, she wanted to throw them into the fire, I also saw the stone ring taken from out of her gown, and the prosecutrix owned the handkerchief and peticoat.

Prisoner's Defence.

I asked the prosecutrix's daughter for a clean petticoat and apron to put on, being sent for to one Mrs. Duncomb's, I went and asked for my husband, it was not my design to keep the rings, if I had I would not have kept them on my fingers, I found them lying at the door.

Guilty, 36 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Nathanael Sharrard.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-16

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17. (M.) Nathanael Sharrard , was indicted for stealing one Panel Saw, value 7 s. the property of Robert Abby , Nov. 16 . ++

The prosecutor was a journeyman Carpenter at work at the corner of Plow-court, White-chapel ; he had lost his coat Nov. the 14th, from out of the workshop, the time he was at dinner; so set a little boy to watch while they dined the 16th of Nov. the boy saw the prisoner go up and take the saw and button it under his coat, he run to the prosecutor at the next door, who took the prisoner with it upon him.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Roach, Charles Perdue.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-17

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18, 19. (M.) James Roach and Charles Perdue , were indicted for stealing 21 pounds weight of Cheese, value 4 s. the goods of Henry Blandford , Nov. 25 . ++

Henry Blandford , the prosecutor keeps a cheesemonger's shop in Drury-Lane , a neighbour saw the two prisoners go in and take each a cheese, of which he informed the prosecutor, who pursued and took them, about 40 yards from his shop, with the two cheeses, which were produced in court and deposed to.

Both Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Joseph Goodman.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-18
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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20. (M.) Joseph Goodman , was indicted for stealing one gold ring, value 15 s. one guinea, one half guinea, one French crown, and 10 s. 6 d. in money number'd, the goods and money of Thomas Pullen , in his dwelling-house , Oct. 24 . ++

Thomas Pullen . I keep the York-minister at Hyde-park corner , the prisoner lodged in my house from the latter end of July to the 23d of Oct. he had not money enough to pay for a pint of beer, which I by his desire set up, &c. The next morning my wife and I got up between three and four. The prisoner was just after us, which was what he never used to do. These things mentioned were in a cupboard below; about six we found the door of it open, and the ring and money gone, he then said he had six pence to spend. I had a suspicion of him. I had him taken up. We took him to the Horseshoe and Magpye at the New-Bridge Foot, the justice not being at home; there he confessed, (after I said don't let it be lost, I would have it be of service to somebody) it was not lost, and put his hand into his breeches and pulled them out, wrap'd up in a dirty cloth. The ring had M B B. dated 1728; one of the half guineas was a pale one with a crack in it, produc'd in court and deposed to. He said he opened the lock with a case knife and took the things out.

Sarah Pullen confirm'd that of her husband, with this addition. That the window shutter in the yard was open, and a clean napkin which lay in the chair near the window, had a print of a foot in it; that the inward door into the room was locked in the morning, that the yard was wall'd round; so that there was no room to doubt but that the prisoner had been down in the yard and in at the window.

Daniel Maclean the officer confirm'd that of his confession at the Horseshoe and Magpye.

Guilty, 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Hughes.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-19

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21. (M.) William Hughes , was indicted for putting John Ansell in corporal fear, and robbing him on the king's highway of 6 s . Nov. 4 . ++

John Ansell . On the 4th of Nov. betwixt one and two o'clock, betwixt Ealing and Acton , I saw the prisoner a quarter of a mile before I got to him sitting on horseback, he had a great coat on button'd at bottom and at the top. When I came to him, he put his hand into his great coat, he said, your money sir; said I, you surprize me very much, to ask me for my money at this time of the day, in so publick a road; I made no offer to give it him, I believe he was confounded a little, there was a pause about a minute, then he put his hand into his great coat again; and said, Come sir, don't dally. I still made no offer to give it him, but was thinking to myself whether I should or should not. Then he said, Sir, I am in great distress, give me any thing you can spare. Then I took off my glove and put my hand in my pocket, and was going to give him some money, but had a thought to count it, which was 6 s. and gave it him. I had my watch in my pocket, the chain hung out, he never ask'd for that; but said, thank ye sir; I said, much good may do you; and at that time I had no thoughts of going after him: I recollected I had seen some people as I came, I rode back, knowing if I gave the alarm he must be taken; he went off towards Uxbridge.

Q. Which way was you going?

Ansell. I was going towards London. I rode and alarmed the people before he had robbed me five minutes; they were at the Old Hat. Then I believe the prisoner was out of sight. Some of the company galloped away without knowing who they were to go after; but I described the Prisoner

riding a brown or bay horse, at the time he might be about half a mile from me, to some of them. When I came to Hanwell-Heath, I observed them all to turn out of the road towards Brentford. I turn'd short to go a nearer way. And believe I was within 3 or 400 yards of him when taken, but it was on an elbow, so that I could not see him. When I came up, Mr. Knevett was at the side of him, he was also surrounded by three or four horsemen more, I don't know them all, one was George King . Mr. Knevett took him into a yard, and he was searched, and no more than 6 s. 3 d found upon him.

Q. Was there no arms?

Ansell. There was not, he presented none to me.

Q. Was you under any surprize or apprehension of danger when you gave him your money?

Ansell. I was, or I had not given him any money. I should not have given it him out of charity.

Q. When he was taken, what did he say for himself?

Ansell. He seemed very penitent, and declared it to be his first offence.

Q. Did you see any thing in his hand?

Ansell. Nothing but the bridle and a whip.

Jonathan Knevitt . I was at the Old Hat when the prosecutor came and alarmed us; he confirmed the prosecutor, as to that part of the taking the prisoner, searching him, and his own confession.

The prisoner had nothing to say.

For the Prisoner.

George Deschamps . I have known him about ten years. I always look'd upon him to be a sober young man.

William Payne . I have known him about fifteen years. I never heard any body speak ill of him. Was he at liberty I would trust him with untold gold.

James Arnold . I have known him three Years; he lived servant with a gentleman in Mount-street; he had used to come to his father my neighbour, may be twice a week; I have often seen him there; he is esteemed in the neighbourhood to be one of a very good character.

John Johnson . I have been intimate with him about three years; he lived with Capt: Dunckley in Mount-street ; he bore an extraordinary character; I knew him before and since.

John Mathews . I have known him 14 or 15 years; his general character is that he behaved very honestly; I never heard any ill thing he ever did.

Mrs. Bostock. I have known him from his birth to this time. I never heard but he had a good character to this time.

Ann Fitzer . I lived servant in Doctors Commons two years ago, where he has been when he was out of place. I know'd him at Captain Dunckley 's, and have been there several times. I never heard any thing amiss of him before this.

Guilty , Death .

James Williams.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-20

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22. (M.) James Williams , was indicted for stealing one sheet, value 5 s. one silk quilt, value 4 s. the goods of John Morris ; one petticoat, one cloth cloak, two pair of stockings , the goods of John Maskall , Nov. 23 . *

Thomas Morris son to John, deposed, he lived with his father in Newtoner's-lane , and that Maskall has lodged there several years; that these things mentioned in the indictment, were missing on the 23d of Nov.

John Maskall deposed, he had been burying his wife on the 23d of Nov. when he returned home, he found the prisoner in his room, and upon asking him his business there, the prisoner struck him and ran away; and upon missing the things on the 25th, he charged the prisoner with taking them; the prisoner owned he had; and told him, he had sold them to one Cornelius Donnovan , at the Exchange in Rag-fair.

Dorothy Hodges deposed, she went with the last Evidence to Rag-fair, and found all the things except the two pair of stockings. Produced in court and deposed to. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Rachel Beacham.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-21

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23. (M.) Rachel wife of Joseph Beacham , was indicted for the murder of Henrietta Dawes , spinster , Oct. 25 . She also stood charged on the coroner's inquisition for the said murder. *

Mary Hyde. I lodge in the prisoner's house in Tittymouse-alley . I am mother of the deceased. Betwixt eleven and twelve, on the 25th of Oct. the prisoner sent me to Mrs. Pollard's for a peck of coals; I was gone about half an hour, when I came back, the prisoner was below, rubbing her hands all over bloody; I ask'd her what she had done? she made me no answer; Mrs. Pollard followed me directly; she asked the prisoner, what she had been doing? she answered, she had kill'd Henney, then I went up into her room, and saw my babe lying all in its gore upon the floor.

Q. Upon what account did Mrs. Pollard go with you ?

M. Hyde. I heard a person say in the street, where is Henney's mother, she was murder'd. So Mrs. Pollard hearing it, went with me.

Q. Did you examine the child?

M. Hyde. I had not power, Mrs. Pollard went up with me; it was cut round its throat, and a stab on the side of its breast.

Q. How old was she?

M. Hyde. She would have been six years old the 12th of next January .

Isabella Pollard. The child had been at my house about three quarters of an hour before it was murder'd. I sent her to fetch me half a pint of beer, which she did; after which, her mother came for a peck of coals; while she was there, a young woman came, and said, where is the child's mother? it is murdered. I called to the mother, she was gone from my house to the next door. I told her, she ran, and I after her, to the prisoner's house; when I came in, I saw the prisoner rubbing her hands all over blood. I asked her what she had done? she said, she had kil l'd Henney. I ask'd her what she did it for? she said, what was that to me? she went into the yard; I went up stairs, and saw the babe lying dead all in its gore upon the floor; it was cut from ear to ear.

Q. to M. Hyde. How had she used to behave to the child before this?

M. Hyde. She behaved in my sight very well to her.

Q. Did she behave amiss to her, out of your sight?

M. Hyde. I never asked the child any questions about her behaviour to her.

Sarah Wickham . I live over against the prisoner. I was in my own house and heard a great noise. After which the prisoner came out with her right hand above her wrist all bloody; somebody said they thought there was murder committed, I called to Mrs. Pollard, who came with the mother as beforementioned.

Sarah Johnson . I heard a great noise in our back wash-house. My sister and I opened the back gate, there we saw the prisoner almost to the elbows in blood.

Q. to M. Hyde. Is the prisoner out of her senses at times?

M. Hyde, I have known her fifteen or sixteen years; I never knowed her any otherwise than in her senses, I wind silk, the prisoner clear'd my bobbin for me that very morning my child was murdered.

Q. What do you imagine could induce her to do it?

M. Hyde. I cannot imagine what, no more than any one here.

Arthur Featherly . I am headborough, I was sent for and told a child's head was cut off. When I came to the house, there were many people there, and the prisoner standing in the yard. I took her before the justice, all she said before and at the justice's was: She did not know. At last she said a man ni black came in and did it. He produced a case knife. This knife was delivered to me all over blood, blade and handle both, the forepart of her gown was as if it had been dipped in a tub of blood.

Mary Deal . I found the knife in the next yard to the prisoner's, at the time she was taken up. There were many people saw it lie.

The prisoner was called to make her Defence.

Who said she did kill the child. She was asked if she upon any account bore any grudge or ill-will to it, answered no, she had none against it. She was asked why she did? she answered she was tempted to do it.

Q. How tempted ?

Prisoner. I don't know.

Q. to Mrs. Pollard. Have you ever observed the prisoner to have been out of her senses?

Mrs. Pollard. I have known her a great many years; I never saw or heard she was any other than in her senses.

Q. Is she given to drink?

Mrs. Pollard. I never saw her in liquor in my life.

Guilty , Death .

Thomas Peart.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-22

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24. (M.) Thomas Peart , was indicted for stealing three pair of shoebuckles, one silver knee-buckle, one metal medal, two half guineas , the goods and money of Samuel Trimmer , November 3 . +.

Samuel Trimmer . I live at Haggerstone . On the 3d of November there was a fire next door to me, I> throwed my goods all out at my window; some of them were carried safe, there were three drawers in a bureau in which were some plate, they put into my yard. I came down stairs after I staid as long as I could; then I found the lower part of my house was clear'd into the garden; then I look'd about me, to see who I had with me. I saw the prisoner walking in the yard, after that I thought of my effects in the cellar, I called for help and got in there, I had help till I got best part out. After which I was pulled out of the window, with my shoes and stockings burnt, I missed several things and had intelligence that there was room to suspect the prisoner. I got my Lord Mayor's warrant on

the Wednesday morning, I went to this house and found his daughter; I asked her if her father had not given her some plate? she said he had a hat-buckle and a medal ; she show'd me the medal it is a mixt mettle, and said the hat buckle is at a pawn-broker's. She went with me, the pawnbroker delivered it to me, it was pawn'd for 1 s. 6 d. The prisoner was brought to me at the Red-Cross in Red-cross-street, by Mr. Fuller. I said to him, do you know me ? he said he remembered something of me. The constable held the candle down under the table. I looked on the buckles in his shoes, and knew them to be mine. I ordered them to be taken out, which they were, [the three buckles and medal produced in court and depos'd to.] I lost several poundsin money, but I cannot fix it on the prisoner.

Q. Had you those things in your house at the time of the fire?

Trimmer. I had, my Lord; the prisoner seemed to be exceeding busy at the fire. After I came to my self, being almost spent, he was cutting my window, where there was no danger, I said, pray don't go to do me more damage, he said d - n you, I'll take it all down. Mr. Brian spoke to him to desist, so I took the hatchet out of his hand.

Henry Fuller . On the third of last month, the prisoner came home about ten at night, he said he had been at a fire at Hagerstone with one Mr. Rule. On the next day in the morning, my wife informed me he had given his daughter a knee buckle to wear in her hat, and when I came home at night, she inform'd me the girl had showed her a pair of silver shoe-buckles and a medal, and that she said she had a box of stones. I was at home, his daughter and my wife were with me; he came in and asked his daughter if she wanted any money? the girl said yes? he asked her if she would have gold or silver; she said half-pence would do, so he pulled out a linen bag, but I was reading. I did not see the money, but heard it chink; he gave her some halfpence, and said I have got a piece of gold left still. On Tuesday morning I went to work, he did not, we are both carpenters, and work together. Mr. Rule was at work with me, he was at the fire. I asked him if the gentleman had given the prisoner any thing for assisting at the fire? he said he did not know. Said I, his daughter show'd my wife several things; he was all of a tremble, and said, I wish the gentleman is not robb'd. The prisoner told us he was going to buy himself a new waistcoat. I saw him that day at night with one on, we not having opportunity to talk then, agreed to meet at the Green-Dragon in Moorfields to talk more about it, so after I had done work, I went and found Mr. Rule there. We agreed to acquaint the Gentleman of it, which we did. I described the silver shoe-buckles to him, with mens faces upon them, he said he had had them several years by him, and also an odd knee buckle; so he agreed to come the next day with a warrant; he did, and sent for me to the Anchor in Coleman-street, to take up the girl. Rule and I were sent by the prosecutor to secure the girl; we met the prisoner at the end of Beach-lane, we brought him in at the Red cross to the prosecutor. The constable told him he had a warrant against him from my Lord Mayor, for robbing that man at the fire, and that we had found some things already. The prosecutor ordered the candle to be held down, he look'd at the silver buckles in his shoes, and said they were his property. Then the constable took them out. I was with him before my Lord Mayor, he there said he found the buckles just by the place where the prosecutor took the out of his hand. When he was going to Newgate, he said he found a bag on the floor, but said rat me, there was not above 2 d farthing in it, that he found a box, but there was nothing in it but gum, and that when his acquaintance came to hear he was in trouble, he should get the things and he'd send them to the gentleman.

James Rule . The prisoner went with me to the fire, he was a fellow workman with me. I was at the taking of him at the end of Beach-lane. He confirmed the testimony of Fuller.

Mary Fuller . I am wife to Henry Fuller. When the prisoner came home from the fire, he came into our room and asked for his daughter, he said he had been at Mr. Rule's, and there was a fire happen'd just by. My husband asked if he help'd at the fire ? he said he did. On the Monday morning I was ill in bed, his daughter came and said, her father had given her a buckle for her hat, and I saw these silver buckles in the prisoners shoes. That night he said he bought them, and that they cost 22 s and 6 d; he bid me take the candle and look at them: he asked his daughter if she wanted any money, she said yes. I saw him pull out a linen bag, and take out half a guinea, and said he had got a bit of gold yet.

Samuel Brian . When the prosecutor's house was on fire, I went to it; as the fire increased, he gave me his bureau to take out. The prisoner was standing by when I put down the drawers, he kept by them some time.

Benjamin Bull . I am positive these shoe-buckles are the property of the prosecutor my master, I have taken them in and out of the snowglass a hundred times.

John Howard . I am the constable ; on the 6th of Nov Mr. Trimmer came to me with a warrant to serve on the prisoner. I went to the prisoner's house, there I found his daughter. I examin'd her about the effects mention'd in the warrant, she took the medal out of her pocket and said her father gave it her and the knee buckles ; we kept her in custody till we found her Father; he was brought in at the Red-Cross in Red-Cross-Street. I took the candle and held it to his feet; the prosecutor said they were his property, they were taken off, I have had them in my custody ever since. I took him before my Lord Mayor; there he said he found the buckles near the place where Mr. Trimmer demanded the ax from him, and at Newgate he said he found a bag with 2d farthing in it.

Prisoner's Defence.

I picked them buckles up in the field, 7 or 8 foot from the wall, joining to the prosecutor's garden, when he brought out a link, neither did I swear once at him, I said let it burn and welcome. I stood still and did not stir.

To his Character.

Mr. Blackden. I am a carpenter, and live in Coleman-Street. I have known the prisoner about 7 years, I have had no doubt about his honesty, the other witnesses and he were all my servants, I believ'd them all honest.

John Maddock . I am a Carpenter, I have known the prisoner 10 years. I have often worked with him, he always bore a good character.

John King . I have known the prisoner 20 years. I have trusted him many times in my house, he has had opportunities to have done me injuries if he would; I never had room to suspect him.

Benjamin Beal . I have known him 2 years and have done business with him, where has been hundreds of pounds value, and never knew him to wrong any body.

William Preston . I have known him 30 years, we were fellow prentices together. I never heard any thing of him, but that of an honest hard working man.

Thomas Draper . I have known him between 7 and 8 years, I take him to be a working honest-man.

Thomas Cliff . I have known him 5 or 6 years. I never heard any but he was a very honest man, I believe him so.

John Carter . I have known him about 7 years, I have employed him several times in my house, I always deemed him a very honest man.

Silcocks Crosier. I never heard any thing dishonest of him in my life.

Prosecutor. Maddock came and offered me, if 4 or 5 pounds would do, he would give it to be favourable to the prisoner.

Maddock. I said it is a sad thing to take away a man's life, and said I would give 4 or 5 pounds to moderate the thing. I went on my own accord, no body sent me.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Patterson Lilley.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-23

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25. (M.) John Patterson Lilley , was indicted for stealing one silver Watch, value 30 s. the property of William Woldridge , Nov. 3d +.

William Woldridge . The watch was hanging in the vessel, called the Sarah and Elizabeth, lying at Wapping-Stairs . The prisoner and that were gone together. On Saturday night Nov. the 3d, I took him up, and had him before sir Samuel Gore , he confessed before and after at the justice's house he stole it, and that it was pawn'd for half a Guinea, I went by his directions and found it.

Richard James . The prisoner came to me about the beginning of Nov. and said he had been with his captain for some wages, but could get none, so was obliged to pawn his watch, and he would redeem it as soon as he took his money. I lent him 5 s. the next day he came and said he had been again, and could not get any money; so at his desire I lent him 5 s. more; a day or two after the prosecutor came with an officer and demanded the watch I delivered it. I went to sir Samuel Gore , there the prisoner owned he stole it, and was drunk.

Prisoner's Defence.

He gave me the key of his chest to go and get a dram. I was very much in liquor. I took the watch out, and went and pawn'd it.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Edwards.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-24
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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26. (M.) Mary Edwards , Spinster , was indicted for stealing one brass mortar, value 2 s. one brass Pestle, value 6 d. one copper coffee pot, value 2 s. one linen sheet, value 1 s. the goods of Daniel Peacock , one linen check apron , the goods of Hannah Mills , Spinster . Nov. 13 . +

The Prisoner confessed the taking the things except the sheet, upon the prosecutor's promising her he would not appear against her. Acquitted .

George Kemp.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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27. (M.) George Kemp , was indicted for stealing 2 iron Racks, value 5 s. one leaden cistern, value 3 s. and 14 iron bars , the goods of Becker Mitchel , Oct. 23 . + Acquitted .

Sophia Hockster.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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28. (M.) Sophia Hockster , Spinster , was indicted for stealing 3 silver spoons, value 30 s. 5 silver tea-spoons, one silver strainer, value 5 s. one pair of silver tea tongs, 6 s. one silver punch ladle, value 14 s. two linen shirts, value 8 s. three pewter plates, the goods of Edward Welch in his dwelling-house , Nov. 12 . ++

Edward Welch . I live in South street, by Grosvenor-square . The prisoner was my servant about four years ago. She was got miserable poor, she came Nov. 12. and desired some victuals and drink, I sent her into the kitchen, and ordered her some victuals. These silver things were in my parlour loose in a beaufet. The parlour is on the ground floor, and the kitchen below; in about 3 quarters of an hour after she was gone, the things mentioned in the indictment were missing. I catch'd her on the 19th of Nov. at the house of one Elizabeth Cripps , on the other side the water. I took her before justice Hammond, she denied it at first; he committed her for further examination, from the Tuesday to the Monday following. I called upon her in Bridewell, there she confessed stealing them all; and she had pawned them in two or three places, but would not tell where. I found three of the tea spoons at one Griggs, a pawnbroker, in the Borough. After this, I took her before Justice Fielding, she confessed every thing there. I made her no promises at all.

Prisoner. He said, if I would tell, he'd make friends to send me to Ireland, and cloath me from head to foot.

Prosecutor. I said, I'd beg the mercy of the court for her, for transportation; and if she should be transported, I'd give her some old cloaths, to send her away in a handsome manner.

Elizabeth Cripps . I carried the three tea spoons to pawn. She said, she had several things of value in this gentleman's hands, whom she called Cousin.

Q. to prosecutor. Is she any way related to you?

Prosecutor. She was a relation of my wife's, who is in her Grave.

Q. Have you any of her goods in your hands?

Prosecutor. No, nor never had.

Acquitted .

Matth.ew Hope, John Foster, John Howard.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-27
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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29, 30, 31. (L.) Matth.ew Hope . John Foster , and John Howard , were indicted for stealing 120 pounds weight of lead, value 10 s. the property of George Cunnick , Dec. 13 . ++

George Cunnick . Matthew Hope was my servant . I live in Abchurch-lane , and am a plumber . I had some mettle to melt that was very offensive, and ordered my man to come betimes in the morning. Last Tuesday he came just after three o'clock, and was let in about four. I was alarmed with constables and watchmen. I came down stairs, and one of them told me, they had taken two of my men with a great parcel of lead. They had brought Foste r, with his arms bound. Hope was at his fire melting. I told Foster, I had seen him before. He said, he used to come to bring messages to Hope, and that he had the lead of him; that one of his feet was in the shop, and the other out at the time, about an hour ago: and that there was another young man in the watch house that was with him. He said, they were to carry the lead to Hope's lodging at Islington. Then I charg'd a constable with Hope, he beg'd for mercy.

Q. Did he hear what Foster said?

Cunnick. He did. Then I went to the watch-house in St. Martin's le-Grand, and saw Howard, who told me the same that Foster did; that they had it of their master Hope. That he and Foster, lodged at the same house where Hope did, and that over night, Hope had asked them, if they could get up betimes and call him? he had a jobb for them, and should pay them; that they did, and came all three together, that when they got near my house, he planted them against the church wall, and gave them this signal, that when he shut the door, they were to come to it; Foster said, he was the first that came up; Howard said, he stood on the other side the way, and Hope carried his parcel to him, and put it on his shoulder. I then saw the lead, there was about a hundred and half of it, one piece of it is a large, deep sea lead, for a man of war, and there is fifteen ingots produced in court, and deposed to, all cast in the prosecutor's moulds. Howard is a countryman, he cry'd much, and said he was intraped into it.

John Clackliore . I am a watchman, my stand is just going into Newgate-street, on Thursday morning, about 4 o'clock, I saw Foster and Howard coming with the lead, they were going down St. Martin's Le Grand. I ask'd them what they had got there ? they told me lead. That they were carrying it to Islington to a place call'd Prison Bars. I call'd to another watchman; we secured them in the watch-house, the constable examined them separately, they both said as the prosecutor has mentioned. Foster said he could tell us where they had it. Howard said he could not find the place again. We took Foster, he brought us to the prosecutor's-house. We knock'd at the door, Hope opened it. Foster said, that is he that gave us the lead. We asked Hope if he had any authority to give such persons lead, he said he had. Then we said we must speak with his master. He came

down, we got a constable and watchman in that ward, and secured Hope

John Whitaker , the constable and James Johnson another watchman, confirm'd that of the last evidence.

Hope's Defence

I cast all the lead myself that very morning; master sent me on the monday morning to buy all the lead I could, we being to cast on Tuesday. I carried some on the Monday. I went as soon as I awaked, and carried the remainder of it. I melted it. I asked these two men over night if they would do a jobb for me. I told them when I had cast it, I would call them, they were to stay in the church yard. I call'd them in about 3 quarters of an hour, and gave it them to carry home, it being my own lead.

Foster's Defence.

I was at work for this man on the Monday, and at night he asked me if I could get up early in the morning, saying he'd satisfy me. I did, we went together to the prosecutor's house, when we came to the church, he bid us stop till he called us. When he called us we went, and he gave us the lead to carry to his room.

Howard's Defence

Hope asked me to go along with him, which I did. I did not know what I had to do, or what I had on my back, till I was stop'd.

For Hope.

Mary Bibby . Hope lives in Goswell street, I live servant in the same house. Last Monday morning I was sent of an errand, to the Bell in Wood-street, with a letter betwixt five and six in the morning. When I got up he asked me to light a candle, I sawa matted basket in his room by him, I went down stairs and put out the candle. He came down with a basket on his shoulder, with something in it, that seemed troublesome. I went with him, and parted with him in Wood-street. I have been in the house about two years; I never know'd any thing of him but what was just and honest.

Mrs. Newark. I have known him seventeen or eighteen years; I never heard a bad character of him till now. And now I don't believe he was guilty of robbing his master.

John Crist . I have known him about seven years and a half. I never heard any thing amiss of him.

Hope Guilty , Foster and Howard both Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

William Matthews.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-28
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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32. (M.) William Matthews , was indicted for stealing two pair of men's shoes , the goods of Daniel Quickly , November 20 . ++.

Daniel Quickly sits in a court in Fenchurch-street to clean shoes , the prisoner came four times and asked him if he had any shoes to sell. While the prosecutor was delivering a pair, at a door about four yards from his basket, the prisoner run away with a pair, the prosecutor turned his head and saw him, but being old and infirm, could not pursue him.

Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

Richard Noke.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-29
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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33. (L.) Richard Noke , was indicted, for that he together with a certain person unknown, on the 15th of November on John Burk , did made an assault, take and detain, falsly charging him with perpetrating the crime called sodomy; and demanding money with intent to rob him .

John Burch . I am servant to Mr. Samuel Wilson and Son, in Cannonstreet. On Friday the 15th of November, about seven in the evening, coming from Mr. Alexander's in Woodstreet by Swordblade-coffee-house, in Change-Alley , I was stopped by another man, who d - nd my body, and said I was a very pretty fellow, what did I mean? I asked him what he meant? (he was a very ugly looking fellow) said he, you offered to commit sodomy with this man, meaning the prisoner, whom I had not seen till he spoke. He came up and said yes, d - n my precious limbs if he did not: and that they would have me before Alderman Ironside. I was very much frighted and desired them to let me alone, then the prisoner told me he fancied I was of some character, and that he would not blast it. And if I'd make him some satisfaction, they would let me go about my business and say no more about it.

Q. Who said so?

Burch. They both said so, but the prisoner in particular. Then I told them I believed they were two rogues; and offered to run, from them then they knocked me down several times.

Q. Who did?

Burch. They both did. I saw nothing in their hands, I believe it was with their fists, but I was so afrighted I hardly knew what they had. Then I called out for help, and murder, &c. then Mr. Dimford and one Ward, were coming by; there were several people, coming by at the time they did not interrupt or assist me, the prisoner and

other man curst and swore a great deal, the other got off but we secured Noke.

Isaac Dunford . On the 15th of November, about seven in the evening I was going home, going up Lombardstreet about 15 or 16 yards behind me, I heard some blows like men fighting. I heard the word sodomite, there I saw two or three men in a fray, I went to them, I saw the prosecutor receive a violent blow on the side of the head; after that he made towards me. He knowing me, he call'd out, You know me, I did not know him at first, but upon his second time calling I knew him. I said what is the meaning of all this? to the prisoner and the other man. How dare you use a man in this manner? One of them said D - n him he is a sodomite. I said I believed him to be a very sober, honest man. They swore a pretty deal he was. I said you look to be two very suspicious fellows, and I shall know who you are. They said they had never seen one another before. There were many people then gathered together, presently the other was missing. Said I to the prisoner, I think you have a very ugly look. He talked of bringing several gentlemen to his reputation, and amongst-the rest one Mr. Heath in Crooked-lane. We secured him and took him before my Lord-Mayor and he was committed.

It not appearing to be a felony he was Acquitted . And a second indictment lodged against him, upon which he is to be tried next Sessions for a Misdemeanour.

See No. 490. in John Blachford 's Mayoralty.

Joseph Farrel, John South, Susannah Barker.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-30
VerdictsGuilty > theft under 40s; Not Guilty; Guilty > theft under 5s; Guilty > theft under 5s; Guilty

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34. 35. 36. Joseph Farrel , John South , and Susannah Barker , were indicted, the two first for stealing one cloth cloak, one velvet cloak, one pair of jumps, one muslin apron, one lawn apron, one blue sattin cap, one black velvet cap, one silk hood, four shirts, two tablecloths, two napkins, two towels, one sheet, three pillow-cases, two child's gowns, five child's bibs, a child's linen cap, a sattin cap, all laid to be above the value of 40 s. the goods of Edward Sparrow , in the dwelling-house of the said Edward . November 16 . *.

Edward Sparrow . I live in Middle-street, Cloth-fair, near Smithfield , I am an apothecary . On the 16th of November, about half an hour after six o'clock, I was in the shop. I went backwards and took the candle with me. I returned again in about ten minutes. I found three drawers open, and the things mentioned in the Indictment gone. [ mentioning them all.] A woman had been in the shop, and went out and left it open.

Q. Have you heard of any of the goods again?

Sparrow. I have met with some of them. South being taken up for another fact, I went to him in Newgate. He told me he and Farrel came into my shop at that time and took the things, and put them into Barker's apron, and went into a publick house in Long lane. That there he wrapt them up in the velvet cloak. From thence to their place of rendezvous in Black-boy alley, and Susannah Barker took the things to a house in Chick-lane, except one cap, and the child-bed linen. The cap was given to Mary Walker , and the child-bed linen to Sarah Cuttoe. Then he called his wife and desired her to shew me Farrel and Barker. I took them both up. They both confest it. I took them all three before the alderman, there they all three confess'd it. Susannah Barker said she had none of the money, but she did carry the things to a house in Chick-lane, and that they were sold for 32 s. South had told me it was a shop next to the gulley-hole. I went there and found part of my things. The velvet cloak, black silk cloak, blue sattin cap, black laced hood, and two napkins, [ produced in court.] They were hid in a feather-bed in a back-room. We cut the sacking to take them out. I think the woman's name is Boulton. Mary Walker delivered the cap to me, and Sarah Cuttoe delivered the child-bed linen. [Produced in court.]

Mary Walker . Farrel gave me that cap.

Sarah Cuttoe . Farrel and South both gave me the baby-things, as I was big.

The prisoners had neither of them any thing to say.

Farrel, and South, Guilty 39 s .

Susannah Barker , Acquitted .

(L.) John South , was a second time indicted for stealing a tin canister, value 2 s. one pound and six ounces of tea, value 6 s. the goods of Elizabeth Taylor , widow , privately in the shop of the said Elizabeth , November 21 . *.

Eliz. Taylor. I keep a grocer's shop in Barbican , on the 21st of November I had three Canisters of tea upon my counter, I was taken ill and obliged to go into my parlour. I had not been there above 3 minutes before a young lad called and told me I had been robbed. I went into the shop and missed a canister No. 8. I went to the door and saw Mr. Hill holding the prisoner by the coat. I begged he would secure him. South went to unbutton his coat, then Mr. Hill secured him by his coat and waistcoat. I saw at the time the canister fall from under the prisoner's waistcoat. There was a pound

and six ounces of tea in it. [The canister produced in court.]

Mr. Hill confirmed that of securing him, and seeing the canister fall from him.

Prisoner's Defence.

Coming along the street I kicked against something, I stooped and took it up, it was that canister. When I was got about 4 or 5 yards, they took hold on me and asked me where I was going to carry that? I said, What Business was that of theirs? I am going to carry it home.

Guilty 4 s. 10 d .

(L.) Joseph Farrel and Susannah Barker , were a second time indicted, the first for stealing one walnut-tree tea chest, value 5 s. five tea spoons, one pair of silver tea tongs, two glocestershire cheeses, one pair of Leather Breeches, one pair of stays, one wooden till, the goods of Christopher Pidgen , in his shop . And the other for receiving part of the said goods knowing them to have been stolen .

November 13. *.

Christopher Pidgen . I keep a chandler's shop on one side, and a haberdasher's on the other side . On Wednesday the 13th of November, I dined at home and served some customers in the shop, then the goods were there. I went out, when I came home, my wife told me I had been robbed of the goods mentioned, and that the wooden till was found in Jewin-street. On the Thursday se'nnight following, we heard Mrs. Taylor had been robbed, and the person taken in the fact. That his name was South, and that when he was examined before alderman Asgill, he owned he was concerned in robbing me, and mentioned the two prisoners, upon whose information they were taken. South and Farrel were brought to Guild-Hall on the Monday. Sir William Smith thought necessary to examine them separate. There Farrel gave information where some of my things were. After that he told me how he committed the robbery. That he came into my shop, being best acquainted with it, (as he was apprentice to a shoemaker near me, and has been in my shop often.) He said to Barker, you may as well tell where the things are. Then she told me that she and a woman whom she called Long Sue, sold the tea chest for 3 s. to one Costers, that keeps the Queen's Head in Chick-lane. That they went to one Ferguson's in Barbican, and pawned the stays for 4 s. and the Spoons and Tongs for 6 s. in the name of Cob. I went there, and upon examining their books, there were a pair of stays pawned in the name of Cob, but were fetched out the next day by the same person that brought them. I inquired after the tea chest, but could get no account of it. The people said they knew the prisoners, and that they had been at their house. Susannah Barker said she had pawned the breeches on Snow-hill. I inquired but could not hear of them.

Elizabeth Pidgen . I am wife to the prosecutor. She confirmed that of her husband.

Farrel, Guilty 4 s. 10 d .

Barker, Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Lovering.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-31

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37. (M.) John Lovering , was indicted, for stealing 80 pound weight of lead, value 8 s. 2 pound weight of iron bars, value 2 d. fixed to a certain pump belonging to the dwelling-house of James Todd , the property of Edward Hiling . Novemb. 19 . +.

Joseph Needham met the prisoner and 2 other men loaded with lead. He let the watchman know, he pursued and took the prisoner and lead. The lead was produced in court and deposed to by James Todd as Mr. Hiling's property. William Hollington the Headborough deposed to the taking the prisoner with the lead.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Arthur Gilson, Thomas Robertson.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-32
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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38. 39. (M.) Arthur Gilson and Thomas Robertson , were indicted for robbing Susannah wife of Richard Travers , on the highway of a muslin handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of the said Richard . Nov. 29. ++.

Susannah Travers . Last Friday night 3 men came up to me betwixt seven and eight o'clock at night, in Church-lane, White-chapel . The first asked the way to Lemon-street, I resolved him. The second past me. The third came up to me and said some words, I can't particularly tell, something like (his hands were very cold) I was much affrighted. He tore my muslin handkerchief from my neck, and tore me along by the back of my neck. I called out to my neighbours, he ran away. This person was Gilson. The other 2 were by. One of them stopped and said don't meddle with the woman, you are a d - d rogue for doing so. His name is James Summers . They kept walking on and I follow'd them. When I saw the people come out they ran. A woman said she saw them run with great clubs in their hands.

Q. Did you see any Instruments in their hands?

S. Travers. I did not see any they had. On Sunday 2 men came to me and asked if I had been robbed on the Friday? I said I was of a handkerchief. And that I s hould know them and the handkerchief. That it had an oilet hole mark. He shew'd me the handkerchief. [Produced in court and deposed to.] The three men were brought before

the justice on Monday. I knew them all by sight by a woman's lanthorn. Gilson told the justice he was drunk, and took my handkerchief, and that he would give me a guinea to make it up.

James Summers . Last sunday night Arthur Gilson and I were drinking together, he said where do you lie to night? I told him at a house in Buckle-street, Goodman's-fields; he swore he did not know where he should lie, but if there is money to be had, he'd have some; we had a pint of beer and a dram of gin, he call'd me out and said, if you'll take a walk with me, I'll get money. We met Roberson by Tower ditch side. I have known him 7 years ; he told me he had not been at sea this four months; that he could not get his R off. We had a pint of beer. Said he, you are a true hearted fellow, we'll make ourselves. How Tom? said I, said he, there is a barge with 15 chests of money in her, and wanted me to go and we might conquer all the few people on board, and get it. We met Gilson in Goodman's-fields, between 3 and 4 o'clock. We had some discourse, Robertson wanted to go into the Minories, saying that was the best place to rob in, there being most to be got, the other said not, and that he used to mill their cloaks withoutside Aldgate at the ship, I said I think White Chapel by the Dead-Wall is better. We went there; this was about 6 o'Clock, Robertson asked what Arms we had, Gilson swore a bloody Oath, here is a thing, and pull'd out a Pistol from his Pocket, wrapp'd in a Handkerchief, he gave it to Robertson, who-said he must put more Prime in it. The first we met was a Soldier; Gilson struck him with a Stick, and took his Hat: I said, throw the Man his hat again; then we swore the first person we met we would have his money, then we went into Church-lane, there we stood a good while. We saw the prosecutrix and another person. Gilson said, damn your blood there is a prize, said I, don't be so hasty, he ran directly and said. damn his soul if he'd come away. She began to cry. I heard him swear a bitter oath he'd have it, the woman with the lanthorn run, he swore at me for not knocking her down, saying, why don't you out with her glim?

Q. Where did you see the prosecutrix before ?

Summers. I lodg'd in her house about two months ago.

Q. How long did you lodge there?

Summers. About three weeks.

Q. How long have you followed this practice?

Summers. Never till last thursday night. I call'd to Gilson fearing he should use her ill, and said, there is no good there. We went from Buckle-street to White-chapel, then to the Minories, then to the Black Horse in Rag-fair. There came in a ynsman of mine a shoemaker, he bit his lips and call'd me out, saying, what company are you in? did not I tell you what Robertson was, that he keeps company with pick-pockets. Said I, I am afraid they will bring me to the gallows. I told him a woman we robb'd knows me. He said never mind it, sit down and eat your bread and cheese, I'll put it fast asleep. He went out and brought in Thomas Stanley , Morris and the others. I surrender'd myself as soon as they came into the room.

Q. What business is the prosecutrix ?

Summers. Her husband keeps a Smiths shop.

Thomas Hammond . I was at the apprehending the prisoner along with Stanley and Morris on Friday night. Mr. Buckley told us of the robbery, he brought us on purpose to apprehend them, at the Black-horse in Rosemary-lane; this handkerchief and a pistol were taken out of Robertson's pocket, I took this bludgeon from Gilson, holding a short thick stick in his hand, they all three confessed they had robbed a woman, and each wanted to be admitted evidence, Gilson in particular; said he could hang half a dozen people.

James Buckley . Summers came to me that Friday night about six o'clock. he said he was very poor, and wanted me to pay for a pint of beer, I drank once and paid 3 d. I went about my business. About an hour after he came again, he shewed me the handkerchief, and wanted to leave it with me for a shilling or 1 s. 6 d. then Gilson pulled it out. I said I'll have nothing to do withyou. I then paid 3 d. more and went away. They were all 3 together at the Coach and Horses, just where I live, in a street joining to Wellclose-square. After this Summers came to the door and said he was inthralled he had robbed a woman, and said he wished he had not done it, and wished somebody would take him up. I went and found Stanley, Morris, Hammond and Mackdaniel at the India Arms; I told them an acquaintance of mine had been in a robbery, I left them at such a place. When we came there they were gone, we went and searched farther on and took them at the Black-horse; Gilson owned to the taking the handkerchief.

Gilson's Defence.

That evidence is one of the wickedest men in England, he went out to pawn the handkerchief for a shilling.

Robertson's Defence.

I did not touch the woman in no shape in the world.

Both guilty of felony only .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Edward Dudley.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-33
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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40. Edward Dudley , was indicted for stealing one feather bed, value 20 s. one sattin bag, value 1 s. the goods of Sir Samuel Gore , Knt. No evidence appeared.

Acquitted .

Samuel Henfield.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-34
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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41. Samuel Henfield , was indicted for stealing one cloth cloak, value 5 s. one horse hair hat , the goods of Hugh Munroe . No prosecutor appeared. Acquitted .

John Cartwright.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-35
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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42. (M.) John Cartwright , was indicted for stealing one cloth coat, value 11 s. the property of John Fidler , November 23 . ++.

Guilty 10 d .

[Whipping. See summary.]

John Bell, Lucy Harris, Richard Gyles.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-36
VerdictNot Guilty

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43. 44 45. (M.) John Bell , Lucy Harris and Richard Gyles , were indicted, the first for that he, on the 29th of July, on Ann May did feloniously and wickedly make an assault, and did wickedly and carnally know. And the other two were present helping, assisting, and maintaining the aforesaid John Bell in the Felony to commit and do . *.

Ann May . I shall be sixteen years old next Lady-day , I live in Grays-inn-lane with my mother. On the 29th of July, I had been to call my father home to dinner. He is a cobler and keeps a stall in James-street. Lucy Harris called me into her house and Richard Gyles was there, this was as I was coming back. There was John Bell . Lucy Harris pulled me into her Parlour to Bell, went out and double lock'd us in, he came and put his hands round my neck, and flung me down on the floor, and us'd me very ill, I said, I'll tell my mother and father.

Q. Was there a bed in the room?

A. May. There was, he said they might be d - d he did not care. I began to cry out, he stopp'd my mouth with his hand. He lay with me, I felt something comefrom him into my body. He gave me the foul disease, and I never knew man but he.

Q. Do you say that upon your oath?

A. May. Yes my Lord. After this, Lucy Harris came in with a quartern of red stuff in her hand, she and he drank each a glass; because I would not, she throwed it down my neck. Then she took and pushed me up stairs and lock'd me in a room, and kept me there half an hour, after that she and Bell came up and threatned me, she had a penknife in her hand, she said she would rip me up from the bottom of my belly to my throat, if I would not promise I would not tell my mother, and that she would kill me and my mother too. Bell said let, rid the world of the bitch, they made me promise I would not tell any body.

Q. How long was you in that hours?

A. May. About two house.

Q. Did he attempt to lie with you after that?

A. May. No he did not. At last Richard Gyles and my mother came, the Door was double lock'd. Harris had the key in her pocket, Gyles broke open the door.

Anne May the mother; depos'd that she had sent her daughter to call her father home; she stay'd she was informed where she was, she went and found her in the room above; that she said nothing to her of the affair, till she perciev'd the foul distemper out by her Linen.

Bell's Defence.

I only was leaning over the hatch and drank a dram, she and Lucy Harris was within the house, I was not within at all.

Lucy Harris's Defence.

My mother lives in Orange-court, Drury-lane. Gyles staying longer than ordinary before he came to dinner, I went to the lapidary. He desired me to stay there while he went to his master. He left me and was gone about a quarter of an hour. John Bell came and asked if Gyles was within; he staid without side the hatch. Ann May came by and called me by my name and asked Bell how he did. She said she wanted to speak with him, but must go to her father first. When she returned. she asked him for a Dram, he said he had no money, she said will that young woman lend you some ? I said I had none. She lent him three halfpence. She put it into my hand to fetch a dram. I left them at the door. When I came with it I found them both where I left them. I was gone about 3 minutes. She drank first, Bell second, and I third. Her mother coming she whipped into the house and ran up one pair of stairs. she bolted herself in. The bolt is within-side. Her mother was making a noise. Then Mr. Gyles came back, he said if her daughter was there she should have her. Her mother and he went up, and asked her to open the door, she would not. Then Mr. Gyles broke the door open.

In a few days will be published the second Part.

Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-36

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 4th, Thursday the 5th, Friday the 6th, and Saturday the 7th of December.

In the 25th Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. BEING THE First SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the Right Honble Thomas Winterbottom , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1751.



King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.

Edward Norton . I Have known Anne May the younger about two years; she is a very vile girl. I have seen a young man upon her with his breeches down, and her cloaths up, and another man lie by the side of her in a stable. I have laid with her a great many times myself.

Q. How old are you?

Norton. I am but about nineteen years of age. I once lost a very good place upon her account, she has appointed places to meet, sometimes I have went, and sometimes I did not.

Margaret Brown . Anne May has a very flight character. I was at my door the time she speaks of, I heard her call to Bell, saying she wanted to speak with him, she took hold of the skirt of his coat and they went to the lapidary together. She is an idle hussey and after every fellow.

Frances Rickerts . I keep the King's Arms in Grays-Inn-lane. I have known this Anne May about a year and a half; I have heard her mother say, she is much the contrary to that of a sober girl. She had use to come at times to look after my child, her mother came once and beat her in my house: and said a man, one John Highland , was upon her upon the stairs. I have heard a great many people say, she is a very loose girl.

John Baker a gardener, with whom Bell works, gave him a very good character.

The surgeon who had her in cure, depos'd he heard her say Gyles was not there at the time, but she had him put in the Indictment because he keeps the house, in order to stifle his Evidence.

All three Acquitted .

Robert Luff.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-37
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

46. (M.) Robert Luff , was indicted, for that he, (together with John Grigby not yet taken) on the 12th of August , did steal one gold chain, value 30 s. one gold locket, value 5 s. one gold ring, value 10 s. one gold ring with 5 Bristol stones, one gold ring with diamonds, one gold ring with a red stone, two other gold rings, value 10 s. one stay-hook, value 5 s. one silver girdle-buckle, one silver stock-buckle, three silver snuff-boxes, one pair of gold sleeve-buttons, and other things, and one two guinea piece; the goods of William Barter in his dwelling-house . *.

William Barter . I live in St. John's Square, Clerkenwell . I am a painter ; on the 12th of August I was at my country house at Holloway, in the morning my foreman came to acquaint me, that my apprentice John Grigby had not been at home all night, and that my scrutore in my dining-room, was broke open. Upon which I came home, there I found it broke and the flap of it down, a tin chest, with the things mentioned in the indictment in it was lying on the stairs, and all the things gone, a hammer and chissel of my own, were one lying near the tin box, the other on the flap of the bureau. The prisoner at the bar was my labourer to grind colours, look after my horse, and go on errands, &c. When I understood Grigby was absconded, I inquired after the prisoner, and was informed they were at an alehouse at skittles on the 12th, the best part of the day. The prisoner not coming as usual, I sent and found he was gone from his lodgings, and had taken what things he had along with him, I went to Goldsmith's-Hall and sent bills amongst the trade, and advertised in the papers ; and by virtue of the advertisement, a

worthy gentleman of Bridgwater in Somersetshire, got the prisoner apprehended; and in order to do justice to my country, I have brought him here. Some time after the robbery one Mr. Slayter who keeps an alehouse at Baguali's-Marsh, came to my house with one of the papers I had printed; saying two such persons which I described, had changed the two guinea piece with him. It was a very remarkable one, I had it many years, I could know it from ten thousand, there is a flaw in it that goes from one side to the other. He brought it, I gave him 2 guineas for it. I had a ring stopped at Smithfield bars brought by a woman, but they were not so lucky as to stop the woman. My apprentice has not been heard of since he left the prisoner.

Mary Rundal . I am servant to Mr. Barter. On Monday the 12th of August, Master was at his country-house. About six in the evening John Grigby rung the stable bell, I went and let him in and went down stairs again. Just as I got down stairs again the prisoner knocked at the fore-door. He brought the key of the shop, and begged a bit of soap to wash his hands. He went up stairs, and cross the passage, and opened the door. We heard it shut but we did not see him go out. Just after that Grigby called down the kitchen stairs and said, Master will be at home to night or in the morning. After we had done washing, we wondered the apprentice did not come home as usual. We went up stairs and there saw a small tin chest wide open, with a hammer lying by it. We had never seen the chest before. We went into master's room and into the dining-room, to see if every thing was fast in the dining-room. We saw the flap of the escritore down and a chizel lying upon it. We went and desired a watchman, to go for Mr. Edmonds master's foreman. He came with the watchman. We searched the house. My fellow servant and I are very well assured nobody had been in the house, but Grigby and the prisoner.

Jonnathan Slayter. I live at Bagnall's marsh, or what is called Black-mary's-hole, about a furlong from the prosecutor's. I keep a publick-house. On the 12th of August in the evening, came in a man and a boy near the close of the evening. There came with them an acquaintance of mine. I cannot pretend to swear to either the man or the boy. They asked for a shillings-worth of Liquor, it was either rum or brandy and water. I think after that they had another. After that my man brought a 2 guinea piece to change. My wife did not know what it was. He is shew'd it. [The prosecutor deposed to it as his property, and be likewise.] The lad said he should be lock'd out, so they both lay at my house. After the advertizing these things I wait, and carried this 2 guinea piece to the prosecutor.

John Howel . I lived servant with the last evidence I know'd the prisoner and was acquainted with him before the 12th of August He came that day to treat me with a shillings-worth of liquor, saying he was going into his own country, Somersetshire. While he was at Mr. Slayter's house, he gave me a piece of gold to change. I carried it to my mistress in the bar. He had 42 s. in exchange. They had more liquor after that. He is showed the piece of money, but could not swear to it.

John Holmes . The prisoner and Grigby lay together at Mr. Slayter's. I waited upon them till they were in bed. They being late lay there. I know'd Grigby before he was apprentice. I was a lodger in Slayter's house. I drank with them the next morning, but going to work, saw them no more.

Mr. Mittleditch. I live at the White Hart in Leather-lane. On Monday the 12th of August the prisoner and a lad came into my house, he knew me some time before. They had some beef and cucumbers. They went away. The prisoner did not come home again that night; he lodged with me at that time. The next morning as I was coming from Hatton-Garden, I met them both together, the lad had a bundle on his back. The prisoner something in his apron. The prisoner said he had lost a quarter of a day, by lying in bed too long, but he was going to work now. I cannot say I shall know the boy again.

Q. to Howel. Who had you the two guinea piece of?

Howel. From the prisoner's hands, and I saw my mistress give the change to him.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was under a cloud. I told my master where I belong to, and that I must go home. He advertized me to my home. The boy came to me and asked me what I had to my supper? I said a mutton or a beef chop, he said if I would give him part he would come, for it was washing day. He came, I treated him with 2 pints of beer. Then he said he did not care for beer, and if I would go with him he would give me a treat, and knowing this man, we went along with him. The Evidence said if I would go into the country he would go with me. There Grigby pulled out that piece of gold and laid it upon the board. I took it up, I might throw it in order for change I am not positive. He said he had it of his sister, the next day I was fearful

of being arrested for money I owed I did not tell my master I was going away then, but I had about a fortnight before, one time when he paid me.

Q. to Prosecutor. Did he ever tell you he was going from you ?

Prosecutor. No, My Lord, he told me his circumstances were so bad in the country, that he could not shew his head there. That also he had been concerned in smuggling, &c.

For the Prisoners.

William Mathewen . Some time last summer, to the best of my memory it was before August, the prisoner came and told me he was going to Bridge-water, (I am a native of that place, but have been settled in London more than ten years.) He desired I would lend him fourteen shillings to bear his charges, and proposed he or his wife should pay my brother in the country. She lived at Bridgewater then. I lent it him, she paid my brother the money again. I never heard any dishonest thing laid to his charge before this.

John Chetwood . I have known him about 4 or 5 years. I am steward to the lord of the manor, Mr. Popham at Bridgewater. The prisoner paid me 14 or 15 pounds in part of a contract about 4 or 5 years ago. He has a very good character in the country.

John Briant . I was born in the same town with the prisoner, and have known him many years, I never know'd any ill of him.

Thomas Pitman . I have a garden at Islington. About a fortnight before this thing happened, the prisoner came there to me, and said he did not care to stay in London any longer, saying he believed he was found out, and if he must lie in a gaol, he'd go down and lie in a gaol amongst his friends.

James Hardnall . I have known him 15 years. I never know'd any thing ill of him.

Joakim Pollosh. I lived in a house where he used. He always behaved very quiet.

- Norton. I have known him 20 years. I never know'd him guilty of any thing before this.

Guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Susannah Hutton.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-38
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

47. (M.) Susannah Hutton , widow , was indicted for stealing 14 holland shirts ruffled, value 8 l. 12 muslin neckcloths, the goods of Duncan Forbes , 5 handkerchiefs the goods of Barnard Bane , in the dwelling-house of Duncan Forbes and Barnard Bane , November 18 . +.

Duncan Forbes . The prisoner was employed as a chairwoman for six months in our house. Missing these things mentioned, 14 shirts, several handkerchiefs and neckcloths, we suspected her. I sent for her to come as usual, she came, she was not in the house half an hour before she stole a shirt, a neckcloth and a handkerchief. We had her searched and found the things upon her. Then she confessed the rest, and also where she had pawned some shirts and neckcloths. We went to the place and got some of the shirts again. There were five shirts and four neckcloths in one place, two at another, one Johnson's in Russel-court. [ The things produced in court and deposed to.

Barnard Bane and James Rensford the Constable deposed to her Confession, &c.

Prisoner. I was in great extremity, I have discovered all I know.

Guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Joseph Brown.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-39
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

48. (M.) Joseph Brown , was indicted for stealing twenty-one shillings in money numbered , the money of William Hawkins , October 22 . +.

Mrs. Hawkins. I am wife to William. We keep the Goat in Eagle-court in the Strand . The prisoner came into my house on the 22d of October, he had a pot of beer and paid for it. He asked for a bit of bread as my family were eating. I asked him to eat a bit of meat, he did, he staid from 3 in the afternoon till 12. There were 3 or 4 people with him at first, I imagined by his manner of proceeding he knew them all. About 12 he asked me who I had in the house? saying he had a charge of money about him and must lie there all night. I told him that his bed was a shilling. He asked for change for what he called a Shina, that was a 36 s. piece. I said I had but a guinea, said he, what have I had? said I, so much; he said his money was in the waistband of his breeches, I turned my face from him while he went to take it out. He said give me the silver, I did 21 shillings and held my hand for his money. He took up a knife and said if I stirred he'd do me a mischief.

Q. Had you ever seen him before?

Mrs. Hawkins. I never saw him before that time. He talked to me as if he had known me a long time. He said he wanted to go to the play, I lent him half a guinea. He talked so much goodness I thought he was much better than many of us christians.

Prisoner's Defence.

Coming by this woman's house about 5 o'clock, I was called in by her. She said she know'd me. She wanted me to drink pint of beer. She got a girl in white gown, she groped and felt at me. The woman ask me if I please go up stairs and have fire. Said she what signifies starving in this company

in a large room. We'll go where is a bed, we went up, she brought up 2 bowls of punch, after that the girl asked me go to the play. I went with her to it and back again, she ask me if I would go to supper, tell me what will have. I said some pork stakes. She said she could get some mutton chops. She would not let me keep the Mans company below, but be with this girl up stairs, thinking I had great deal money. She decoyed me still to stay and sleep there. She said what time will you get up, you are as safe as in queen's house, it will be but half a crown for your bed, and a girl to lie with you all night. I finding it was bad house would not stay. She would hang me for a farthing, Look into her character, my Lord, see what a character she has got. I have serv'd my king and country great many years.

Q. to Prosecutrix. Were there other company in your house at that time?

Prosecutrix. There was no men in my house but what were in a garret in bed

Q. Did he go to the play that night?

Prosecutrix. He did, with a woman that come in with him.

Q. Do you keep a licensed house?

Prosecutrix. I do. I have kept it 3 years.

John Lavers . I am beadle of the parish. The prosecutrix keeps a very bad house. There are a great many loose, idle people use it. I have seen them when I go my rounds with the constable. It is looked upon in the neighbourhood to be a bad house.

Q. Did you ever see that black there. (Note, the prisoner was a black).

Lavers. No, not to my knowledge.

Acquitted .

Love Simonds.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-40

Related Material

49. (M.) Love Simonds , Spinster , was indicted for stealing 3 linen handkerchiefs, 11 linen aprons, 1 pair of linen sleeves, 4 yards of binding, 2 stuff gowns, 1 cotton gown, 6 linen shifts, 1 pair of stays, 1 quilted petticoat, 1 hoop petticoat, 1 cloth cloak and 3 shillings in money ; the goods of Elizabeth Hardy , spinster . October 30 +.

Elizabeth Hardy . I hired the prisoner to carry my box with the things mentioned in the indictment in it, from Turnham-Green to Harrow on the Hill . I gave her a shilling, she never carried them there. I went after her the next day, and found her at Hodsondon-green. She confessed she had broke open my box, and sold some of my things. The woman to whom she had sold them, let me have them again. [Produced in court and deposed to.] She had some of my things on her back.

Prisoner's Defence.

It snowed, I went into an alehouse to drink, they made me drunk, I was not able to carry the things. I laid the box upon a cart, it going by a post, the horses flew, and the cart turned the box down, and the wheels went over it and broke it. A man on the other side the cart helped tie up the things. I went to Hodsondon green, knowing the way thither. There I had more liquor. This kept me stupified in liquor or I should not have done so.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Pearcy, Catherine Winter.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-41
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

Related Material

50. 51. (L) Mary Pearcy and Catherine Winter , were indicted for stealing 6 linen sheets, value 6 s. 3 linen tablecloths, 2 napkins, 4 yards of linen cloth part of a gown, value 4 s. 4 yards of cotton cloth, one callico curtain, 1 chinese frock, 1 checque apron, 1 pair of flannel drawers, 8 silk handkerchiefs, value 4 s. 9 linen handkerchiefs, value 3 s. the goods of John Price , November 25 . it was laid over again to be the goods of Francis Humphries , and Daniel Catley . ++.

Francis Humphries . I keep an Oil-shop in Newgate-street . The 2 prisoners worked with a lodger of mine a hoop petticoat maker . Her husband and I are left executors for John Price an infant . The goods mentioned were in a room of mine opposite to the room where the women work, some in a box, some in bags. He names them over. I saw them about 5 weeks ago, and missed them last Monday was se'nnight. The door of the room has been left open lattery. I suspected some of the workwomen; upon making enquiry, Catherine Winter got out of the way. She sent me a letter on the next day, to let me know she was the unhappy woman who had took the things. The other workwomen went and brought her to my house. She confessed the things were carried to pawn with 5 pawnbrokers, and where they all lived. I went to them all and they helped me to the things. [Produced in court but he could not tell which were at which pawnbrokers, being mixed together, except what were at Mr. Spence's in Moor-lane. who produced a sheet, a tablecloth and napkin, which were deposed to by Humpbries and Mrs. Catley. Mary Pearcey said these were all she had taken out of the bag and box. She owned she took them all, and the other owned she carried them to pawn.

Mrs. Catley. I imploy many women at hoop-petticoat making. She confirmed the Testimony of Humphries, with this addition, Winter confessed she used sometimes to meet Piercy on the stairs, and

sometimes in the cellar and there fasten the things under her petticoats, and so carry them out ; that they went both together to pawn every thing, and that they used to have liquor and suppers with the money; that she knowed Winter's hand writing, and was certain the letter was her own hand writing; it is read to this purport:

Directed for Madam Catley.

Honoured Madam,

'' THis comes to inform you, that I am the unhappy person that pawn'd your things, tho' '' I did not take them, and humbly beg your pardon, '' and Mr. Humphrys's. I made bold to write '' to you, knowing your tender goodness in time '' past. Dear madam, for God's sake pardon me, '' an unfortunate wretch, and I will return back, '' and pay any thing a week you shall desire, and '' shall be in duty bound to pray for you and '' your's for ever. Dear madam, do but say you forgive, and I know it is done, tho' I am not worthy '' of it; and after asking your pardon and Mr. '' Humphrys's, I ask also my shopmates pardon. '' From an unhappy workwoman.

Catherine Winter .

John Roiston . I heard Pearcy on Tuesday night say she took the things, and gave them to Catherine Winter . Mr. Humphrys asked her if she took them by wholesale, she said no by degrees, 2 or 3 handkerchiefs at a time.

Mary Sharpless . When Mrs. Catley brought that letter up, she sent us out to see if we could bring her with us, and she would make it over as a debt, as she had done before by her sister; if she would confess to the things We told Catherine Winter the same words in Smithfield, upon which she came and fell down on her knees to her Mistress. Mistress said God forgive her, and she hop'd she did, I heard Pearcy say, she took the things and gave them to Winter to pawn.

Winter's Defence.

Upon my mistress's promise I returned, I did not take them with intent to keep them but to redeem them again.

Pearcy's Defence.

Mistress said if I would tell her, she would forgive me, and would not say a word to me.

For Pearcy.

James Jenkins . I have known Mary Pearcy about four years; I always took her to be an honest girl.

Catherine Graves . I have known her four years ; she is a very honest sober behaved girl. She has been intrusted in my house, I have never had any reasons to distrust her.

Q. How old is she?

Catherine Graves . She is about fourteen years of age.

William Beckley . I have known her eight years: she has been in my house for that time, backwards and forwards. I always took her for a very honest girl.

Mrs. Anderson. I have known her six years; she has a character of a very honest sober girl.

Mrs. Riley. From her birth I was there; she is turned of fourteen years. I never heard an ill thing of her in my life.

For Winter.

John Winter . She is my sister, she always work'd hard for her bread; I never know'd any thing of her but what was honest and just.

Another brother said the same.

Pearcy Acq .

Winter Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Samuel Lowe, Susanah Butcher.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-42

Related Material

52. 53. (L.) Samuel Lowe and Susanah Butcher , were indicted for stealing 47 pounds weight of lead, value 6 s. belonging to Francis Nevil : fixed to a building belonging to a dwelling-house , October 30 . ++

Francis Nevil . On the 20th of October last I went down my yard, the Bear and Ragged staff in Smithfield . I found some tiles missing from off a shed, where I keep my hay, joining to my dwelling-house. I ordered my ostler up, he came down and said there was a considerable quantity of lead gone, I went up and found it so; on the Wednesday following, the 30th, I went up into the gutter about half an hour after 7 o'clock in the morning and missed more. Then I went to my butcher in St. John's-street, he and I went into Charterhouse-lane, and peeping through a hole in a door, in an old house that comes to the back of my yard, but 2 or 3 houses distance, I saw the 2 prisoners putting some lead into a cloth or sack; they went out with each some. I watched them down

the lane ; her's was in her apron, and his on his head; they went through the sheep-pens in Smithfield, down Cow-lane. I went and got a constable; we took them coming down a lane by the New market. Lowe confessed he stole it from me, Butcher said he was to give her a breakfast for carrying it with him; they were taken before Alderman Whitaker, before whom Lowe owned he stole the lead from my shed, and the woman received it through a hole : I have taken dimensions of the width of the gutter, and it fits exactly. Lowe said he sold as much before, as came to 7 s. [The lead produced in court and deposed to.]

John Avery . Mr. Nevil came to me that morning, and told me he had lost some lead; I went with him into Charterhouse-lane ; we looked thro' a hole in a door, and saw the two prisoners: The rest as the prosecutor said before.

Butcher's Defence.

The boy (meaning Lowe) told me he had found some lead, and he would give me something for carrying it for him.

Lowe's Defence.

I found this lead, going cross Smithfield.

For Butcher,

Anne Harsel . I have known her betwixt 7 and 8 years ; her sister lives servant with me; once she was sick, this was then in her place, about four months ago, I have great reason to think her very honest.

Phebe Wilder . I have known her three years, she lived with me about 2 years ago; I never heard any thing, but what she is a very honest girl; her business is stitching of stays.

Isaac Avitt . I have known her some years; I never heard any thing of her but that of a good servant; she work'd hard for her living.

Both Guilty .

For Lowe, See No. 400. and 449. in Fra. Cokayne, Esq;'s Mayoralty.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Davis.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-43

Related Material

54. (L.) John Davis was indicted for stealing a Bank-note, bearing date Dec. 30. val. 30 l. and a note under the hand of Edward Ironside , val. 84 l. the property of William Tibey , Dec. 8 . *.

Jos. Cooper. I paid Mr. Tibey, the Friday before the Lottery began to draw, for ten tickets, 118 l. 15 s. in which payment there was a goldsmith's note for 84 l. and a 30 l. Bank-note, and the rest in money.

Jos. Hall. On Friday evening, the 8th of November, about 6 o'clock, I went into Jonathan's Coffee-house. I heard Mr. Tibey make a bargain for ten Lottery-tickets with a neighbour of mine one Mr. Parsons. Mr. Tibey all on a sudden turn'd about, and laid hold on the prisoner at the bar, saying, This man's hand was in my pocket, Lay hold on him: People cry'd, Shut the door, keep him in. A crowd gathered round him; I heard one or two people say, He flung something out of his hand. I looked down, and took up two notes, one inclosed in the other; the outside was a Bank-note of 30 l. the other a note of alderman Ironside and company, for 84 l. this was about 2 or 3 yards from the place where Mr. Tibey first charged him with having his hand in his pocket.

Q. How far from the prisoner?

Hall. They lay close to his foot; Mr. Tibey described them, and they were delivered to Mr. Capes.


Q. Were there many people in the Coffee-house?

Hall. The Coffee-house was almost as full as it could hold.

Q. How near was the prisoner to Mr. Tibey, when he said that man's hand was in his pocket?

Hall. They were close together.

Prisoner. Did not Mr. Tibey cry out, O Lord! O Lord! O Lord! then turn about and lay hold on me, and say, I don't like you? Then he charg'd me.

Hall. I did not hear any such word, only this: This man's hand was in my pocket.

Q. Where is Mr. Tibey? I suppose he's here.

Hall. He is a Quaker, and does not care to swear.

Q. What did the prisoner say in answer?

Hall. He said, Sir, Me! not me!

Q. Did he change countenance ?

Hall. I did not see he did at all.

Q. Where was Mr. Tibey, when you took up the notes?

Hall. He was moved towards the end of the room.

James Capes . On the 8th of November, about six in the evening, I was in Jonathan's Coffee-house ; the crowd was very great: In endeavouring to pass from one end to the other, I passed by Mr. Tibey; he said, I don't like this fellow, he has

had his hand in my pocket. The prisoner made some reply, I cannot tell what. Mr. Tibey made answer to it. Fellow, I felt your hand in my pocket; and added, Why don't you lay hold on him? Upon which Mr. Hall clapt hold on him. There was an outcry in the room, saying, Shut the door and search him. Then somebody said, He has dropt something. I looked upon the floor, and at the prisoner's feet there lay some papers folded up together, which Mr. Hall took up and gave into my hand. I turned about to Mr. Tibey, and asked him what were the notes he had lost? He said, a Bank-note and a goldsmith's note. I opened them, and found the outside note was a Bank-note, and the other a note of 84 l. as he had told me before; they were sealed up, and kept in my custody ever since. [Produced in court, and deposed to.]

On his being cross-examined, he said the papers were found immediately upon the calling out he had dropt something; there he saw them lie immediately: That when they were taken up, there was but an open place large enough for a man to stand : That he did not think any body else could drop them : That Mr. Tibey and the persons near him were well known there: That Mr. Hall was close to the prisoner: That Mr. Tibey was betwixt him and the prisoner: That there might be 200 people in the room.

Jos. Holmes. On November the 8th. at about 6 at night, I went to Jonathan's Coffee-house; I had not been in above a minute, standing on the right-hand of Mr. Tibey, before he said, A pickpocket! a pickpocket! that man had got his hand into my pocket, (meaning the prisoner) pointing to him.

Q. How near was he to him?

Holmes. About half a yard or a yard from him: He said, Lay hold on him. I laid hold of one arm, and Mr. Hall of the other; in an instant, there was a voice said, He has dropt something. I looked down and saw the papers on the ground; I went to stoop for them, but the crowd bore so hard I could not stoop. Mr. Hall took them up.

Prisoner's Defence.

I am innocent of it:

To his Character.

Tho Parker . I have known him about three years, he is a brushmaker. I never knew but his character was that of a very honest man.

Mr. Wilson. He is a very honest man for what ever I heard or knew by him.

Hewit Kiterington. The prisoner is my apprentice, he has till the 24th of next March to serve; he has behaved well, just, and honest; justly and truly he has served me; I do not think him guilty of picking of pockets.

Wm Tibey . I never did take an oath before, but if I must, I must. [He is sworn.] The prisoner at the bar did pick my pocket of these notes, I am sure of it; I took hold of him, when his hand was in my pocket; then I said, I do not like this fellow, his hand was in my pocket.

Q. Which pocket were your notes in?

Tibey. They were in my breeches pocket, so was his hand. [He is shewed the notes.] They are the very notes I had in my breeches pocket.

Q. to Hall. Are these the notes you took from off the ground?

Hall. They are, my Lord.

Q. to Tibey. Did you see any papers in the prisoner's hand?

Tibey. No, I did not, it was too great a crowd.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

James Still.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-44
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

55. (L.) James Still , was indicted for ripping and stealing 200 pounds weight of lead, val. 14 s. fixed to a certain empty house belonging to Joseph Turner , against the statute , Nov. 24 . *

Jos. Turner. I have an empty house in Shoe-lane , the lead was taken from the gutter; one hundred and a quarter and 24 pounds were taken away, on Monday the 22d of November, about 6 in the morning.

Nicholas Gethings . I am a watchman; going home about half an hour after six in the morning, Nov. 22d, I saw a door open in Shoe-lane, facing the back-door of St. Andrew's Church; it is an empty house; I pushed the door, there was somebody within pushed against me, and bolted me out; it is a yard-ddoor. I called out for assistance to my brother watchmen; there came 3 of them, I stood at the door, they went round to the other door.

W. Farrow. I am headborough. I was gone home, and one of the watchmen came and called me out of bed, and told me they had taken a thief; when I got to the watch-house, there were the prisoner, the lead, Henshaw, Cooper and Bennet.

John Henshaw . I am a watchman. I was one in pursuit after the prisoner, we were about an hour and half after him; somebody saw a Man on the

houses, and two men got up, but could not get him.

Henry Bennet . The 22d of Nov. in the morning, Gethings alarm'd us. There was a door open in a passage that had been fasten'd up some time, which we had an order to take care of. Gethings said, here is a man has fasten'd the door against me. We knock'd at the door; some of the neighbours came to their doors; I went to call up a tallow-chandler to get in backwards, I got in there and let four or five of the watchmen into the yard. We found four pieces of lead folded up, a basket, and a hammer. They lay as we went into this empty house. Cooper, I, and a carpenter, got upon the house. I had the glance of a man upon it. I think the prisoner is the man; he was near a chimney when we missed him. We had notice brought us by Mr. Downes's servant, one John Tranter , that a man had tap'd at the maid's window, and desired to be let in. Henshaw, and I, went with him, he brought the prisoner down stairs, I seiz'd him in the shop, we carry'd him to the watchhouse.

Q. How far is Mr. Downes's house from this empty house?

Bennet. It is about 4 or 5 houses from it.

William Tranter . The prisoner desired to be let in at the maid's garret window, at Mr. Downes's. He said, he had made his escape from the bailiffs. The maid was afraid to let him in, she call'd to me. I ran to the watchhouse to inquire, before I let him in, thinking he had broke some house open. I was told by the watchmen in Shoe lane, a man had strip'd a house of lead. I told them, they followed me to my master's house. I went up, and let the man in, he followed me down stairs, and they secured him.

Richard Dancer . I was going to work in the morning about six, the watchmen called for assistance, I went into the empty house with them, there was this lead lying, with a hammer, and basket. We search'd about and could not find any body. There was a man or a woman, looking out at a window, said, the man is upon the house, I went upon the house, and a watchman followed me. The prisoner at the bar, as nigh as I can guess, made his escape from one house to another, it was between daylight and dark, he got behind some chimneys, at last we lost him, I was in pursuit when the watchmen call'd, and said, they had got him.

Q. Did you see him get in at a window?

Dancer. No, my Lord, I did not.

Edward Bellamy . I was called to their assistance I stood below, I never saw the man till he was brought to the watchhouse.

Charles Cooper . The prisoner is the person as nigh as I can guess, which I saw on the top of the house, I followed him from house to house, till we lost sight of him. We pursued so close, that had he not got in at the window, we must have taken him upon the house.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was formerly a housekeeper. I was indebred to a man 17 l. 17 s. I had a writ after me this half year. I lodg'd in St. Martins-lane. They came after me several times. I had notice they were after me at that time, they were over the way at the Plough. I staid till 12 o'clock. I went down into the city, and went in at a nighthouse there, and staid, thinking I was safe, I had been there about three hours. There came in a sheriff's officer, he fell in discourse with me. I knew him by sight, but not his name. In his discourse he pretended to quarrel. I saw him send out a boy. I made my escape. This was about five in the morning, I turn'd up into Shoe-lane, there lives an acquaintance of mine, one Jones, on the left hand upon a turning, they lodge in a garret. I thought to get there for cover. Just as I got to the door, I met the man going to work. I told him my reason for calling, he said, go up into my room, I did with him, the officers followed him as fast as they could. The garret window being open, I went out into a gutter, climb'd over the houses, there I staid till daylight; when it came to be light, where was I, but at the bottom of Holbourn-hill. I dont believe I have any witnesses. They waited all day yesterday. Your Lordship, and the Gentlemen of the Jury, may as you please, I am very easy about it.

Acquitted .

Richard Johnson.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-45
VerdictNot Guilty > no prosecutor

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56. (L.) Richard Johnson , was indicted for stealing one cloth coat , the property of Thomas Pemberton , Nov. 3 . +

The prosecutor not appearing. Acquitted .

John Commings.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-46
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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57. (M.) John Commings , was indicted for that he, together with Thomas Bark , and Catherine his wife, and John Sullivan , did make an assault in the King's highway, on Mary, the wife of Patrick Smith , putting her in corporal fear, and danger of her life, robbing her of 20 Shillings in money number'd, the money of the said Patrick , Nov. 16 . +

Mary Smith . I know the prisoner at the bar, my husband, I, Mr. Mackdaniel, his wife and his wife's mother, were coming home together; Mr. Mackdaniel went in at the Plough alehouse in Drury-lane last Saturday was fortnight, he called for a tankard of beer, we three women would have a pint of hot: Mr. Commings sat in the next box to me. I pulled my purse out of my bosom to pay for the pint of hot there; were some words between Pendegrest and Masterson, they said why should we drink to thief catchers? My husband said he did not know there were any such in the house. Mr. Burk was sitting in company behind me, he got up and cut my head with a loaded whip, I ran out of the house and called watch, these people all came after me, Commings knock'd me down, he laid hold on my purse and pulled it out of my bosom, there were 20 shillings and upwards in it. All the men run out, my husband and Mac'daniel ran out upon my calling watch, the man of the house kept the door upon the women that were with me, and would not let them out; the men fell upon the men in my company and me in the street. My husband was knock'd down at coming out at the door, Mackdaniel also was knocked down, there was Burk, Sullivan, Catherine White , which Burk calls his wife, and Commings upon us, about 7 or 8 in all.

Cross Examined.

Q. What time of the night was this?

M. Smith. It was almost 12 o'clock when we came into the house.

Q. Had you been drinking before you came there ?

M. Smith. I had drunk part of 2 tankards of beer with them before.

Q. Was there a quarrel betwixt your husband and the man of the house.

M. Smith. No, there was not.

Q. Did you all go in together?

M. Smith. We did?

Q. Was you ever at the house before?

M. Smith. No, I never was in my life.

Q. Did you tell to any one, you lost 40 s. at that time ?

M. Smith. No, not to any.

Q. When had you the warrant to take the prisoner up?

M. Smith. I had it of the Monday following, &c. Delivered it to Mr. Scott, the prisoner was taken at the boxing at Tottenham-Court.

Q. Did you call to the watch?

M. Smith. I did, but if I had called till now I believe none would have come.

Q. What is your name?

M. Smith. My name is Mary Smith .

Q. Is not your name Kelley?

M. Smith. My maiden name was Kelley.

Q. How many names may you have?

M. Smith. My husband tried me here for taking away part of my goods.

Q. What name was you tried by then?

M. Smith. By the name of Kelley.

Q. Did not you go by the name of Mason?

M. Smith. That was another husband. I am not to live always upon one man.

Q. Do you and your husband live together?

M. Smith. Yes, we do.

Q. With Kelley, or Smith?

M. Smith. I never lived with the man that tried me since. I have married another man since that.

Q. Was you married to Mr. Kelley?

M. Smith. I was, and we could not agree, so parted.

Q. Is he living?

M. Smith. I believe he is.

The 10 s. could not be the property of Patrick Smith, as her husband Kelley was living; the prisoner was Acquitted .

See No. 435. in Sir William Calvert 's Mayoralty.

William Pain.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-47
VerdictNot Guilty

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58. (M.) William Pain , was indicted for stealing 2 lambs, value 30 s. the property of John Jones .

Acquitted .

See the Tryal of Benjamin Smith and Patrick Burry . No. 522, 523. in the last Mayoralty.

Stephen Collier.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-48
VerdictNot Guilty

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59. (M.) Stephen Collier , was indicted for that he, (in company with George Oglebury , not yet taken) in a certain passage, near the King's highway, on Francis Trustraham did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and robbing him of one hat, value 1 s. one perrywig, value 4 s. his property , October 13 . ++.

Francis Trustraham . I am a jeweller , and live in Shoe-lane in lodgings. I had been with Mr. Pope, who lives at the Jack of Newbury in Long-lane. On the 13th of October I was drinking at the King's Arms in Fleet-market, the prisoner and Oglebury pick'd my pocket of a shirt and neckcloth, within ten minutes after I got out of the house. They had been drinking there.

Q. Was you sober?

Trustraham. I was not sober nor I was not drank, I went back again, and said I'd not go to bed till I had them again. A young man directed me to where they lodged in Black boy-alley, I went first into the house, there was a woman that seemed to deny them to me; I said I did not want them for any harm. Then she took the candle and went up stairs, they were going to bed, they threatned to kick me down stairs; I said if they did not give me my things I'd charge the watch with them. I looked over the bed and saw my neckcloth and shirt, I took them and said now I have got them again; I heard them whisper as I was coming down the stairs.

Q. How could you hear them whisper then, you are very deaf now?

Trustraham. I have been deaf about a month, I catched cold. I was not deaf before, I was gone out of the house about half a dozen doors, then Oglebury came to me and said stop, I have something to say to you; I made a push back into a chandler's shop.

Q. What time of night was this?

Trustraham. This was about 12 o'clock.

Q. Are chandler's shops open there till twelve o'clock?

Trustraham. Yes they are, the prisoner came up and snatched off my hat and wig just as I was stepping into the shop, I catched my hat in my hand, away he made off up the alley with the wig. I went to the house they made at the door, the woman let me out at the back door and I went home, and said I had been robbed by 2 chaps, there I was told they went up Long-lane swearing and cursing about the wig.

Q. Had they any weapons?

Trustraham. They had not.

Thomas Drury . The prisoner told me George Oglebury had the wig.

Prisoner's Defence.

I know nothing of what he has been talking of.

Acquitted .

Catherine Ball.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-49
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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60. Catherine Ball , was indicted for stealing 1 linen checque apron, value 1 s. several aprons, shirts, shifts and other linen goods , the property of Catherine Macanelly , and Anne Peirce . No Evidence appeared. Acquitted .

Ann Knight, Patrick Riley.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-50
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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61. 62. Ann Knight , widow , and Patrick Riley , were indicted for making one piece of false, feign'd, and counterfeit money, in the likeness and similitade of a shilling , August 1 . No Evidence appeared, both Acquitted .

Thomas Otley, James Reason.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-51
VerdictsNot Guilty > no evidence; Not Guilty > no evidence; Not Guilty > no evidence

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63. 64. Thomas Otley and James Reason , were indicted for smuggling at Thorp , Dec. 4, in the 21st year of his present majesty's reign . No Evidence produced. Acquitted .

They were a second time indicted for smuggling at Sizewell , on the 11th of September, in the 20th year, &c . No Evidence produced. Acquitted .

They were a third time indicted for smuggling at Felixtow in the 21st year, &c . No Evidence produced. Acquitted .

William Dickerson.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-52

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65. (L) William Dickerson , was indicted for stealing 4 linen bags, value 4 d. 1 three pound twelve shilling piece, 5 thirty-six shilling piece, 1 moidore, 25 guineas, 2 half-guineas, and 9 l. 6 s. in money numbered; the money of John Knowles , in the dwelling-house of the said John , November the 13th . ++.

John Knowles . I live in the Little-Old-Bailey , and deal in coals . The prisoner was my servant . On the 13th of November, I got up about seven o'clock, going by the door where the prisoner lay, below stairs, I knock'd, he made me no answer: I went round into a court and got into the room, he was gone: I found my bureau broke open, the lock of it was wrench'd, and my money gone.

Q. What money was it?

Knowles. I remember particularly 5 thirty-six shilling pieces, a moidore, a 3 l. 12 s. piece, about 25 guineas, and 9 l. odd in silver; to the amount of 50 l. and upwards; it was in bags.

Q. How long had the prisoner been your servant ?

Knowles. He had been with me about three weeks. About noon that day I had a messenger from Barnet, that he was taken there. I went and found him at Mr Jones's house at the Ship and Dragon. We took him before the justice there. He confessed every thing. The justice had all the money in keeping, except 20 s. There was 49 l. 11 s. 6 d.

Q. Were the same particular pieces amongst it, that you spoke of?

Knowles. Yes, my Lord, there were.

Burgy Jones. I live at the Ship and Dragon in Barnet. The prisoner came to my house between 5 and 6 in the morning on the 13th of November. There being a light he knock'd at the door. I was up, he was on foot. He asked if he could have a pint of beer and a pennyworth of bread and cheese.

I brought him out some bread and meat; after he had drank 2 or 3 pints of beer, he would have a quartern of gin in each pint, the beer was not strong enough. Then he said, cannot I have a pint of brandy to chear me upon the road? I measured him some and put it into a bottle. Come, said he, drink, my boots are full of money, I have money enough. I said it's well for you. He fetch'd his Boots rom the other side the kitchen (they were hanging cross his shoulder when he came in) He pulled out a bag and told me an old aunt died and left it him, and he was going into the country to live upon it. He gave the bag to me to count, for he said he did not know what money was in it. There were 4 bags one within another. The first had 12 guineas and a half. I think the next had five 36 s. pieces, one 3 l. 12 s. the rest in guineas. Each had money in them. The other 2 had each silver in them. In the whole I believe there was about 50 l. I had a suspicion by his appearance he stole it. I said I had an old rich aunt in Lancashire, and I know'd where she laid her money. I robbed her and came up into this country and settled myself with it. Then he said he had done the same. (This I said to bring it out, I never was in Lancashire in my life.) Then I charged 2 men with him and carried him before justice Hasel. Then he confessed he stole the money from Mr. Knowles. He is show'd one of the bags, and said, that which was on the outside was singed; he picks it out. All the others I believe to be the same I then saw.

Q. to Mr. Knowles. Was the money you lost in these bags?

Knowles. It was one of them I made, and marked the word Silver upon it.

Q. Had you used to open this bureau in the prisoner's presence.

Knowles. I never did; but that night, I bid him come and warm himself by the fire, at which time I put up forty eight shillings into the bureau.

Prisoner's Defence.

I insist upon the money being counted in court, before I say any thing.

Prosecutor. I paid the money away a few days after.

Prisoner. I have nothing more to say.

Guilty , Death .

Mary Jones.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-53
SentenceNo Punishment

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66. (L.) Mary Jones , spinster , was indicted for stealing 7 scarlet cloaks, val. 30 s. 2 drab cloth cloaks, val. 13 s. the goods of Thomas Spendal , Nov. 27 . *.

Tho Spendal . I am a carpenter : On the 27th of Nov. I was gone to the barber's to be shaved; my wife met me, and said, For God's sake make haste, we have got a thief. The prisoner was a workwoman with my wife. My wife makes cloaks , &c.

Q. How came you to suspect, or tax the prisoner ?

Spendal. There was one missing, which was not finished, the button-holes were not made. The woman that was at work on it came down stairs and complained; upon which we made enquiry. They had got the prisoner into the parlour, taxing her with knowing which way it was gone: She owned she had took it. Said I, Very likely she has took more. Then she owned to 2 more, till at last she owned to 8, which she said she had pawned to 6 different pawnbrokers: This (holding one in his hand, with the 2 button-holes not finished ) she owned she pawned to Mr. Erwin, for 6 shillings.

John Erwin . I am a pawnbroker, I live in Chiswel-street; to the best of my knowledge, the prisoner is the woman that brought that cloak to me, I never saw her before.

Q. When did she bring it?

Erwin. I believe, last Thursday was a week. He described it, as the prosecutor did, by the buttonholes ; and the prosecutor deposed to it.

Prisoner. I have nothing at all to say for myself.

Guilty .

[No punishment. See summary.]

William Brooks.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-54

Related Material

67. (L.) William Brooks , was indicted for stealing 28 pounds weight of lead, val. 2 s. belonging to Leonard Hammond , Esq; fixed to a dwelling-house , Oct. 19 . *.

Daniel Ballard . I had orders to watch this house, in the parish of St. Michael Queenhithe : On the 19th of October, about a quarter after 7 in the evening, I saw the prisoner, and another in company, come out of it; I followed them a little way. The first got away. I stop the prisoner with this lead in his apron. [Produced in court.] There was a man passing by; I desired him to lay hold of the prisoner, while I ran after the other, who had dropt his lead, and ran for it. I could not catch him.

Q. Was there any lead missing from that house?

Ballard. There was; and I and another man, who is not here, sitted this lead to the place; it sitted exactly.

Q. How old do you look upon the prisoner to be?

Ballard. He says he is 15 years of age, he would never tell who was with him.

Prisoner's Defence.

There was nobody with me, I had been over the water to Tooley-stairs with a fair. I returned and went back behind that house to ease myself, there the lead stood against the wall.

Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Isaac Odeway.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-55
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

68. (L.) Isaac Odeway , was indicted for stealing 28 pounds weight of rice, value 3 shillings the property of James Crokat , Esq; and company, November 20 . *.

John Johnson . I was coming down Vintner's Alley , I think it was last week, I don't know the day of the month, it was about five in the morning, I saw the prisoner leaning against a barrel of rice, I said halloo, then he started up and went away, I thought he had a woman there, I said what do you do here madam? (seeing something white) I felt and instead of a woman it was a barrel of rice with the head out, and a bag with rice in it within the barrel. I ran after the prisoner and took him back and delivered him to the watchman that the rice belong'd to, his name is John Eedes .

Q. from the Prisoner. How far was I got when you took hold on me?

Johnson. He was got to Billingsgate.

Q. Did I make any resistance?

Johnson. He made none at all. [The rice produced in court.]

John Eedes . I am a watchman, I was upon the key, and was informed Johnson had taken a prisoner. I went to him, he delivered the prisoner to me; the prisoner would not own the bag or any thing of the matter.

Q. Whose rice is it ?

Eedes. It belongs to James Crokat , Esq; and company.

Prisoner's Defence.

I live in Spittlefields and am a weaver , I left work about half an hour after three; I went with an intent to see one John Castle a ticket porter, (he works at the water side) thinking to come home with him, but I did not find him. I happened to come up this alley, I was making water, the witness cried balolo, I cried halloo, he pass'd me; I walked along about my business, I know nothing of the bag.

To his Character.

Isaiah Roberts . I have known the prisoner ever since he was a little boy, his father lives by me, he works with his father. I never heard he was guilty of dishonesty in my life.

Q. Did you never hear he was tried here for offence of this sort once before?

Roberts. I have my Lord.

Acquitted .

See Numb. 407. in Francis Cokayne , Esq; Mayoralty.

George Potter.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-56
VerdictNot Guilty

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69. George Potter , was three times indicted, for not surrendering himself according to the King's order in council .

He was discharged upon each by the consent of the crown .

John Boulton.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-57
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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70. (L.) John Boulton , was indicted for stealing one quart silver tankard, value 8 l. the goods of Francis Rice , in the dwelling-house of the said Francis , November 26 . *.

Elizabeth Rice . I am wife to Francis, we keep a public house, the sign of the George in Water-lane Fleet-street , the prisoner and four or five more men were in my house; they had four or five tankards of beer on Tuesday was se'nnight. I know'd one of them, his name is Anthony Blew ; the others were all strangers, the waiter brought me the reckoning, and said the tankard was not empty, there come in some brewer's servants, while I was talking with them about the tubs they brought in, the waiter missed the tankard, he came to me and asked me if I had taken it away.

Q. Is he here?

E. Rice. He is not, my husband is very ill. so he cannot be out when I am: the company had not quitted the house, only one had been out once, and the prisoner twice. I opened 2 cupboards where I used to put them, it was not in either of them; I looked under the table and said to the men, it is hard I should loose my tankard. I thought they had played the wag with it, I looked at the prisoner and said don't you know of it, he said no; said I to my knowledge, you have been outtwice, he answered he never had been out since he came here to drink, and said many bad words. I sent the maid for a constable unknown to them. The other young men said they were very willing

to go to the compter, or where I pleased till I was satisfied. Then Boulton slid towards the door-way, and laid hold on the door to go out. I took hold on the skirt of his coat, and said he should not go out any more than the rest. He said he wanted to make water, then I said he shall go into the cellar. He went down, when he came up again, the constable was come. The prisoner sat down by the table, and said I wanted to persuade him to say he had it. I said, if you have it don't frighten me but let me have it. Then the constable took him into the kitchen with the others. Then Charles Price came out and bid me not be frighted, for I was likely to have my tankard again. Then he went out.

Charles Price . I went to this house to have a little beer before I went to work, Boulton called me on one side and asked me to do him a favour, that was to go to Mrs. Daws's for the tankard, or else for her to bring it under her apron. I came out of the kitchen into the tap-room, and told Mrs. Rice, I had heard of her tankard; she ordered the constable to go with me. We went to the woman's house nam'd Dawes, where the tankard was left, but she was not at home; so I went to my work. When we found where the woman was, we went again, she was at the Cart and Horses; we asked her for it. She said the prisoner brought her a tankard. She show'd us where it was, and took it out. She said he told her he found it among some rubbish. She delivered it to the constable, and we brought it to the prosecutrix. They had a warrant against the woman but she is absconded.

Anthony Blew . I and some others were drinking together at Mr. Rice's house. The landlady was talking to some brewer's servants about what they charg'd her for some tubs, or something of the like nature. While we were giving attention to them, we missed the tankard.

Q. Did the prisoner sit down with you?

Blew. He did.

Q. Did you see him go out ?

Blew. No I did not. I cannot tell that he was out.

Q. Could he go out and you not see him?

Blew. We were leaning over the settle.

John Woodman . I was in the same company. I and another man went to see a person at the glasshouse. We were sent by him to this house, to call for a tankard of beer. The prisoner came in while we were there, then the other person desired the prisoner to step for Anthony Blew , and tell him we wanted him. He did, and brought him; and to reward him for his trouble, the other man asked him to drink. I believe the prisoner did sit down a little while. After this there were some brewer's servants came in, and there was some dispute about some tap-tubs, betwixt our landlady and them; we were giving attention to them, and in the mean time our tankard was gone.

Q. How long had the brewer's servants been in before you missed the tankard ?

Woodman. I believe it might be about 10 minutes.

Q. Did you see the prisoner go out?

Woodman. No I did not, but he had been out, for I saw him come in.

Q. Was that after the brewer's servants came in?

Woodman. It was.

John Brittle . I am the constable. Charles Price told me the prisoner had confessed the taking the tankard. He desired me to go to the house of one Daws. I went with Price, she was not at home. We found her after that, I told her we wanted the tankard the prisoner gave her. She said it was below. She went down stairs and stooped under a little dresser in the house. She took the tankard out, and gave it to Charles Price . [The tankard produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.

Prisoner's Defence.

I was drinking in this house with these men. They desired me to go and call Anthony Blew , as soon as I came in I saw the tankard half full of beer, but I know nothing of it any more than the child unborn.

To his Character.

Joseph Jefferson . I have known the prisoner 10 or 12 years to be a working man. He was abroad with me. I have trusted him with things of value. He never wronged me.

William Jones . I work'd with him about a year ago. He is an honest, hard-working man.

Dorothy Wilmot . I have lodged in the house where he lives upwards of a year and a half, and have a great deal of worth in my room. I have trusted him and his wife in my room and never lost any thing. The very day this thing happened, he was in my room alone.

Reginald Trotter . I have known him above 7 years. He has work'd in the company's yard, Salisbury-court, in carrying deals, since they have been

dissolved, he has work'd as a coal-porter. He had used my house frequently. I have trusted him with tankards. I always looked upon him to be an honest man.

Charles Fountain . I have known him betwixt 4 and 5 years. I never heard nothing amiss of his character. He used my house for 2 years. I have trusted him divers times alone.

Thomas Ellice . I am clerk to the company where the prisoner worked. He has always behaved civilly, and done his work quietly, and honestly so far as I know.

John Gillham Page . I have known him 7 years, and have trusted him in all parts of my house below stairs, and never knew any Ill of him. Guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Fortune Jones.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-58
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

71. (L.) Fortune, wife of John Jones , was indicted for stealing 3 yards of lace called Brussels-lace, value 21 s. one laced tucker, and part of a cap , the goods of Charles Tompson , August the 29th . +.

Charles Tompson . In the month of August I lost several things out of my house. I had great reason to suspect this woman's husband, and tried him last sessions.

See No. 603. in the last Mayoralty.

This woman was detected offering some of the goods to sale to a worthy tradesman in Monmouth-street, named Robert Holland . He came to my house, and asked me if I had not lost such things, he having read my advertisement. My wife knowing the things better than I, she went and owned the things. So the woman was taken up. [The goods produced by Mr. Holland.]

Mrs. Tompson. These are my property. I am very certain of it.

Q. In whose custody have they been since.

Robert Holland . In mine. The prisoner at the bar, brought these things to me, and went away again. And after that came again, as we did not agree for the price the first time. The second time she was to have had the money or the lace. We thought them too good for a journeyman tradesman's wife to wear. So I detained the lace. I went the next morning to see for her at the place where she lived. She was gone and never came again. She was taken up near Turnham-green, in the Bristol waggon. Mr. Tompson had delivered a bill at our house of such and such things lost, which was the occasion of my going to his house to inquire about them.

Prisoner's Defence.

I did not offer the things to him, but to his wife I never was in the prosecutor's house in my life, only at the door. I found the four pieces of lace five weeks ago last Monday, in the Strand, between York-buildings and Exeter Exchange.

Acquitted .

Robert Baker.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-59
VerdictNot Guilty

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72. (L.) Robert Baker was indicted for forging an acquittance under the hand of Thomas Delamotte , for 8 s. 3 d. Oct. 3 . +.

Tho Delamotte . On Friday the 4th of Oct. my clerk informed me the prisoner had carried a sack of oats to the wharf joining to me, to one Joseph Jefferson 's; he said he did believe he had got the money, because the people always paid as I sent the oats in: upon which I desired he would go and see. He found the prisoner had the money, and Mrs. Jefferson had a receipt. I went to her upon the Monday after, and she shewed me the receipt. saying Robert Baker had brought her a sack of oats, and she had paid him eight shillings and three-pence: It was in her hands till last sessions, and has been in mine since then. [ Produced in court.]

Mary Jefferson . I live at the next wharf to Mr. Delamotte; my husband's name is Joseph. On the 3d of October the prisoner brought me a sack of oats to my house; I paid him for them eight shillings and three-pence. I have had several sacks of oats, and I always paid for them as they came in; he brought me the price in writing, I said I must have a receipt.

Q. Had you always a receipt when you paid the money?

M. Jefferson. No; neither should I have asked for a receipt then, only as he brought the price in writing.

Q. Did he use to bring the price in writing?

M. Jefferson. No, my Lord: He went down into the wharf, and brought me this receipt: I believe it to be the same; Mr. Delamotte has had it ever since last sessions.

It is read:

1751, Oct. 1. One Sack of Oats, at 0 16 6

Received the full Contents, 8 s. 3 d.

per Tho Delamotte .

Q. How many times had you had oats of Mr. Delamotte before?

M. Jefferson. We had but about two times before?

M. Jefferson. I had not been there for about three quarters of a year.

Q. Who brought them?

M. Jefferson. The prisoner brought them; he was Mr. Delamotte's granary-man, I had given him orders to bring them in, not above half an hour before.

Q. Was the money you paid for the 2 parcels ever demanded again?

M. Jefferson. No, it never was.

John Boudilla . I am book-keeper to Mr. Delamotte; he is a cornfactor. [He is shewed the receipt.

Q. Whose hand-writing is the name Tho Delamotte ?

Boudilla. This is not Mr. Delamotte's handwriting.

Q. Whose do you think it is?

Boudilla. I think it is the prisoner's own handwriting.

Q. Have you ever seen him write?

Boudilla. I have.

Q. What do you know of this affair ?

Boudilla. The porter told me the prisoner had carried this sack of oats to Mr. Jefferson's, he gave me no money.

Q. What was the prisoner?

Boudilla. He was grainary man, when he has had a ticket of Mr. Delamotte or me, then he used to carry out corn.

Q. Do you always send a ticket when you send him?

Boudilla. We do.

Q. Do you remember he ever carried out any without a ticket?

Boudilla. No, I don't remember he ever did.

Q. Can you take upon you to say he always had a ticket when he carried any out?

Boudilla. I cannot take upon me to say he always had.

Q. Have you ever known money paid unto your master, for oats delivered without a ticket ?

Boudilla. I cannot remember there was.

Q. Was there a ticket went to Mrs. Jefferson before this?

Boudilla. I can't remember that.

Q. What do you believe?

Boudilla. I believe he had.

Q. Suppose he carried out oats with a tickets who gives the receipt?

Boudilla. I do, or my fellow clerks.

Q. Has he ever brought money without giving a receipt?

Boudilla. He has.

Q. How do you sign the receipt when you give one.

Boudilla. I write, For Mr. Thomas Delamotte , and my name.

Q. Had you the 8 s. 3 d.?

Boudilla. I had ; when Mr. Delamotte talked to have him before my Lord-Mayor, he brought the money down to me.

Q. How long was this after the carrying out the oats?

Boudilla. This was four days after that, he carried the oats, the third, and brought the money on the 7th.

Q. Suppose this man carried oats to a customer, had he authority to receive money?

Boudilla. If he had a receipt of the clerks he could.

Q. Suppose a customer had a mind to pay the money, when the oats were carried home, had he authority to receive it?

Boudilla. Some he was paid, I believe without having a receipt of us.

Acquitted .

See Numb. 581. in the last Mayoralty.

Thomas Cowell.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-60
VerdictNot Guilty

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73. Thomas Cowell , was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury . Acquitted .

John Adkins.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-61
VerdictNot Guilty

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74. John Adkins , was indicted for wilful and corrupt purjury . Acquitted .

Ann Adams.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-62
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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75. Ann Adams , widow , was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury, in swearing there is due to her from Catherine Reeves five> pounds, nineteen shillings . No Evidence appeared.

Acquitted .

Elizabeth Tuckfield.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbert17511204-63
VerdictNot Guilty

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76. Elizabeth Tuckfield , was indicted for wilful and corrupt perjury, for that she on the 28th of

June, deposed, that Thomas Garret entered her shop, on the 13th of May, 1751 . under pretence of buying commodities, and did without any cause utter abusive language. And that he came at another time on the 23d of May and struck at her, at which she swooned away and remained in great danger, &c .

Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. James Payce.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbero17511204-1
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Corporal > pillory; Transportation

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James Payce , whose Judgment was respited last sessions, to be committed close prisoner to Newgate, till the 1st of Sept. next , and in that time to be set on the pillory in the Old Baily, over against the Sessions-house, for one hour, between twelve and one at noon , and after that to be transported for the term of seven years from the 1st of Sept next .

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. James Payce.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbers17511204-1
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Corporal > pillory; Transportation

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The trials being ended, the court proceeded to give judgment as follows:

Received Sentence of Death, 5.

William Dickerson , John Macknamar, Russel Parnell , William Hughs and Rachel Beacham .

Transported for 14 Years, 1.

Susanna Barker .

Transported for 7 Years, 33.

John Felton , Elizabeth More , Ann Russel , Richard Piper , Matthew Hope , Joseph Farrel , John South , Catharine Winter , Samuel Lowe , Susannah Butcher , John Davis , William Brooks , John Boulton , John Bickerton , Mary Riley , otherwise Bulger, Eleanor M'Clane, Mary Brown , Ann Couson , Mary White , Nathaniel Sherrard , James Roach , Charles Purdue , Joseph Goodman , James Williams , Thomas Peart , John Patterson , Lilley, John Lovering , Arthur Gilson , Thomas Robertson , Robert Luffe , Susannah Hutton , and Love Symonds.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. James Payce.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbers17511204-1
SentenceImprisonment > newgate; Corporal > pillory; Transportation

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James Payce , whose Judgment was respited last sessions, to be committed close prisoner to Newgate, till the 1st of Sept. next , and in that time to be set on the pillory in the Old Baily, over against the Sessions-house, for one hour, between twelve and one at noon , and after that to be transported for the term of seven years from the 1st of Sept next .

Whipped 2.

Ann Bready , and John Cartwright

Branded 2.

Sarah Gillham , and William Matthews .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
4th December 1751
Reference Numbera17511204-1

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