Old Bailey Proceedings.
12th September 1744
Reference Number: 17440912

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
12th September 1744
Reference Numberf17440912-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,

Held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, On WEDNESDAY the 12th, THURSDAY the 13th, FRIDAY the 14th, and SATURDAY the 15th of September.

In the 18th Year of his MAJESTY'S Reign.


Right Honble Sir Robert Westley , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1744.

[Price Six-pence.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir ROBERT WESTLEY , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London, the Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice WILLES, Mr. Justice DENISON, Sir SIMON URLIN , Knt. Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

William Whipham .

Stephen Prue .

John Jennings .

Thomas Martin .

Stephen Daniel .

Edmund Howard .

Richard Andrews .

Edward Smith ,

William Bright .

John Cheshire .

Jonathan Ely .

John Ford .

Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Niccoll .

Ralph Marsh .

Daniel Weedon .

Thomas Bromley .

Jarvis Weston .

Samuel Lock .

Henry Bristow .

Francis Calloway .

Henry Barnett .

Robert Hawes .

Thomas Briggs .

Hugh Spencer .

Thomas Wright.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-1

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352. + Thomas Wright , of St. Mary le Bone , was indicted for assaulting Letitia Pennington , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her a cloth cloak, value 6 s. a linen apron, value 1 s. the goods of Thomas Pennington ; a cloth cloak, value 10 s. a shift, value 1 s. an apron, value 1 s. and a pair of cotton gloves, value 2 d. the goods of Tho Goving , Sept. 10 .

Letitia Pennington . On Monday last about 3 o'clock in the afternoon , my niece and I were walking over the fields towards Kilburn ; she saw three boys, of whom the Prisoner was one; says she, aunt I don't like those boys; said I they are but boys, there's no occasion to be afraid of them, I believe they are only mushrooning. I had a bundle in my hand and 2 cloaks upon my arm, for we could not carry them upon our backs for the wind. The Prisoner and another came up to me, the Prisoner presented a pistol to my right breast, and the other took away the bundle and the cloaks.

Q. Did the Prisoner say anything to you when he put the pistol to your breast?

Pennington. He bid me delive - I don't know that the other had any pistol; after they had robbed us, I saw a gentleman on horseback, and told him that we were robbed by two boys, the gentleman rode after them and took the Prisoner.

Ann Goring . On Monday last in the afternoon about 3 o'clock, my aunt and I were walking towards Kilburn : I saw as I thought three rogues, and told my aunt of it; she said she did not think any thing of it, that they were only boys a mushrooning . They came up to us, and the Prisoner took hold of the bundle that my aunt had in her hand, and felt of it and said, what have you got here? She said I have got nothing, my dear, but a little Apothecary's stuff; then he put the pistol to her breast and bid her deliver. I saw a gentleman on horseback at the end of the field; I called to him and told him we were robbed, and the Prisoner was taken and carried into an alehouse.

Q. Which of them took the bundle and the cloaks?

Goring. I saw them taken away, but I cannot tell who took them.

Edward White . I was going home with my horse, and the Prisoner run against me; a gentleman cried out stop him, and said that he and two more had robbed two women, and that he was so nigh that he saw them put the things into a hedge , and then run away.

Q. How came the Prisoner to be taken?

White. I had him in hold when the gentleman called out. Mr. Charles took him, I took him to the alehouse myself .

Prisoner. Did not the gentleman say stop him, and I stopped directly ?

White. Yes you did, but I believe you were out of breath, and could not run any farther.

Benjamin Smith . I happened to be taking a little walk in the fields, and accidentally went into the house the Prisoner was carried into; and Mr. Charles offered White half a crown to go for a Constable, and somebody said that I was a Constable. I said I was not; he said if I was a Headborough it was the same thing, and then I took charge of the Prisoner, and by the assistance of two more carried him before a magistrate.

Prisoner. Did not Mrs. Pennington say, coming over the fields, she was sorry she had sworn against me, but as she had sworn against me, she was forced to see it out?

Smith. I did not hear her say so; she said indeed she was sorry you had not more grace. Guilty Death .

Richard Pugh.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-2
VerdictNot Guilty

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353. Richard Pugh , of St. Andrew's Holborn , was indicted for stealing a shift, value 10 d. a handkerchief, 4 d an apron, 9 d. two caps, 1 s. and a frock, 5 d. the goods of Thomas Field , and 2 muslin neckcloths, value 1 s. the goods of Tho Sindry , August 14 .

Mary Field . I lost some things, but little thought this boy had got them. I hope, gentlemen, you will be favourable to him on account of his age, he is a neighbour's child. I never knew any harm of him before; I missed the things and charged him with taking them, for he had been at my house the night before; upon which he cried and confessed that he took them, and had pawned them to one Mrs. Aris in Baldwin's-Gardens. I went there and saw the things, and because I refused to pay her for them, she swept them off the counter and would not let me have them.

Rebecca Aris . This boy has been bringing these things to me ever since March at different times: he brought them in the name of his mother. I have known his mother several years, she knows what I say to be true.

- Henley , (the boy's mother.) I never sent him to pawn any thing these three years.

Q. What age is the boy?

Prisoner. I am about eight * old. Acquitted .

* Children under nine years cannot be guilty of this kind of felony, but they may of some acts that imply malice in themselves, such as setting fire to a house, &c

William Powel.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-3

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354. William Powel , of St. Ann's Westminster , was indicted for stealing 8 plates, value 10 s. and two dishes, 2 s. the goods of Richard Ralph , July 16 .

Richard Ralph . My wife missed some pewter, and sent emissaries to endeavour to find it; the boy was taken with them, and owned before the Justice that he had them in his possession, but said a woman gave him 2 d. to carry them to Church-Lane end in Rag-Fair. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Webb.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-4
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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355. + Ann Webb , otherwise Cheworth of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silk purse, value 1 s. a snuff box, value 20 s. 59 guineas, and a two guinea piece, the property of Richard Haddock , privately from his person , August the 9th .

Richard Haddock . On the 9th of August I was going home in a chair, very much in liquor, and the chairman set me down at a night cellar by Charing-Cross and I went in - I was so much in liquor that I could not tell what time of the night it was. - I believe it was between 3 and 4 in the morning; the Prisoner came in to drink. I had 3 s. to pay, and I gave the man of the cellar half a guinea instead of a sixpence. I lost my purse, in which I had a two guinea piece and 60 guineas; though I swore but to 59 guineas, because I don't know but I might change one. I lost my snuff box. When I came home I told my wife I had been robbed; I went to the cellar and told the person that keeps it what had happened. He said if I would give him 5 guineas he would help me to my money: and the Prisoner was taken with the money upon her, and my purse was brought to me with 45 guineas in it, the rest of the money was gone. When she was before the Justice she fell down on her knees and begged for mercy; she owned the taking the money, but she denied that she took the snuff box.

Christopher Moore . I am servant to Mr. Haddock; I was at the taking the Prisoner at Chelsea, we forced the door open and took her in bed about two o'clock in the morning. I was afraid there was a man in bed with her, but there was not; when I told her what we came about, she said she was a dead woman, and begged for mercy. She took the purse out of her pocket and said, here is the purse, it is Mr. Haddock's purse and money. - There were 45 guineas in the purse: she said she wished she had gone to Portsmouth , for she was to have gone there the next day , in order to go to Flanders .

Jury . Did the Prisoner know Mr. Haddock?

Mr. Haddock . I did not know her, she lived with a woman next door to me, so she might know me though I did not know her. Guilty of the felony, not guilty of the privately stealing .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Ann Wilks.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-5
VerdictNot Guilty

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356. + Mary Ann Wilks , of St. Andrew's Holborn , was indicted for stealing one silk purse, value 1 s. 21 guineas, and 7 l. in silver , the property of Anthony Loxley , July 21st .

Susanna Loxley . I live at the three Cups in Holborn; on the 10th of July the Prisoner (who was my servant ) came to ask me for a silver tankard, and saw me put 6 guineas into a purse (in which there were 15 guineas before, 25 crown pieces and 6 half crown pieces,) I put this purse into a gown sleeve, under some gowns in a drawer in my bedchamber; there were 27 guineas more lay visible in the drawer, but they were not touched, there was nobody to my knowledge came into the room but the Prisoner. On the 22d of July I went to put a bank note into the drawer and missed this purse. I examined the Prisoner concerning it, she looked a little confounded at first, and wondered I should mistrust her, more than any other person in the house? I told her because there was nobody came into the room but herself, (I heard she had let other people into the house to lie there) when I went to the drawer the key did not easily unlock it, and since she has been taken , there was another key found behind the door, which opened it as well as my own. - There was nothing found in her possession.

Anthony Loxley said there was nobody came into the chamber but the Prisoner, his wife, and himself, that this money was missing , but the other remained untouched. Acquitted .

James Bullock.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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357. + James Bullock , of St. Botolph Aldgate , in Middlesex, was indicted for stealing a silver tankard, value 6 l. the goods of Charles Barton , in his dwelling house , August 4th .

Charles Barton . I live at the sign of the Ship in Swan-Alley in East-Smithfield ; on the 4th of August I lost a silver tankard. The Prisoner came to my house and called for a halfpenny worth of beer and sat at the cellar door; the tankard was in the cellar just before, and in a very little time it was gone. The Prisoner lives within 3 or 4 doors of me, but when he went out, instead of going to his own house he ran away. I pursued him to his sister's by the Seven Dials and took him; he owned that he took the tankard, and had sold it to a Fence * for 30 s. I went to look after it, but the people he had sold it to were run away, and I never got it again - There was nobody in the house at that time, except my wife and child, but the Prisoner - The cellar, the drinking room, and kitchen, are all on a floor; and it is not 4 foot from the place where the Prisoner sat, to the place where the tankard stood, and I saw him come out of the cellar and run out at the back door - It was not two minutes after I saw the tankard before I missed it; when I found him in St. Giles's he jumped out of the window, I caught hold of him, and he left half his shirt in my hand and run away, but was retaken - He is a Plaisterer . Acquitted .

*A Fence is a Receiver of stolen goods.

Mary Waters.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-7
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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358. Mary Waters , of St. John Hackney , was indicted for stealing a hat, value 1 s. a perriwig, 2 s and a shirt, 2 s. the goods of Isaac Alvares , July 26 .

John Stedder . The Prisoner came out of a lower window of Mr. Alvares's house at Clapton , towards the highway; I saw her shuffling something into her pocket, pursued her about 10 or 12 rod, and found her behind a door, and saw a shirt taken from her.

Hannah Davis . I was shutting Mr. Franco's windows, and saw the Prisoner jump out of Mr. Alvare's window. I sent my fellow servant over to enquire whether it was the chairwoman, and then they found they were robbed.

Rebecca Hyans . I took the shirt from her, and know it to be my master's shirt. The hat and wig were taken from her by another person. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Paterson.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-8
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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359. Sarah Paterson , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silk gown, value

7 s. the goods of Frances Wheelwright , August 10 .

Frances Wheelwright . I lost my gown out of my bedchamber, and a lodger of mine told me it was at the pawnbroker's, and I found it there.

Thomas Grubb . The Prisoner pledged this gown to me August the 9th, in the name of Sarah Paterson , for 5 s. I saw the gown was not of her size, and asked her whether it was hers? And she said she brought it from her mistress. The Monday following the Prisoner and another woman came and inquired for it; the Prisoner bid me deliver it to the other woman and went out of the shop, but before I had delivered it, the Prosecutrix came in and owned it. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Branding. See summary.]

William Lawrence.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-9

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360. + William Lawrence , of St. Mary Stratford Bow , was indicted for stealing a lamb, value 14 s. the property of John Nunnelly , July 16 .

John Nunnelly . On the 16th of July I lost a lamb, which was in a field of mine at Stratford ; I saw the lamb and the skin at Mr. Potter's the Constable at Bow: this is the skin, I know it by the mark - It is not my mark, it is the country mark. The Prisoner owned he had stole a lamb out of my field by Stratford turnpike.

Samuel Austin . I was called up between 5 and 6 in the morning by Mr. Boot , who told me there was a man in his field killing one of my sheep. I was willing to see who it was, the man who is the Prisoner at the bar perceiving me come after him, run away, and I run after him: I run over 4 or 5 fields before I caught him; there was a man in the lane who ran along with me. The Prisoner had a hatchet with him, and a stick in his hand. I bid him lay down the hatchet or I would shoot him through the head, and he laid down his hatchet - I saw him stand by the lamb - The lamb was dead and warm, and the skin stripped ready to carry away.

Q. Do you know whose lamb it was?

Martin. I did not know then, I have been informed since; the lamb was given away in our town.

Q. Is this the skin that you saw then?

Austin. I know it to be the skin.

John Potter . I am Constable, July the 16th there was a lamb brought to my house, the head was cut off, and the skin was half off.

Mr. Boot deposed that he saw a man killing a lamb in one of his fields, and went and acquainted Mr. Austin with it.

Prisoner. I was going to Stratford to bring some beasts to Smithfield market, as I had done several market days, and found the lamb almost dead in a lane , and so I killed it. Guilty Death .

The Jury recommended him to the Court as an object of his Majesty's mercy.

Lowry Betts.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-10

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361. Lowry Betts , of the Precinct of White Friers , was indicted for stealing a silver spoon, value 8 s. the goods of John Chapman , July 28 .

John Chapman . I lost a spoon and Mr. Lilly stopped it.

Job Lilly. This Spoon was brought to me by a poor woman to be sold: I asked her how she came by it? She said, very honestly. I said, good woman , I don't know how you came by it, but there has been some violence used to it, and I believe 'tis stolen . She said she would fetch the owner of it: she went and fetched this boy. Said I, my lad , is this spoon your's? He said, yes. I told him I would stop the spoon and him too. He said he would fetch the young woman he had it of. He went away , and I did not see him again till he was brought by the Constable: he said he was let into the house by a journeyman Baker, and seeing the spoon lie about he took it.

Prisoner. I had run away from my master. I was let in by a journeyman Baker, who was the cause of my running away. I asked him to lend me sixpence; he gave me this spoon, and said I should have three parts of the money if I sold it: he said he would be a friend to me all my life time, and desired I would not say any thing of his being concerned with me. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Talloway.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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362. Elizabeth Talloway , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing three pewter plates, value 2 s. and a pewter dish, value 1 s. the goods of Richard Powson , September 3 .

Richard Powson . I lost some pewter which was found upon the Prisoner.

John Powson . I went up stairs out of the kitchen to fetch a hand-basket, and when I came down again I met the Prisoner upon the stairs . She asked whether one Mrs. Williams lived there? I said no; and she went out. I saw something in her apron, and went down into the kitchen directly and missed the pewter. I pursued her and took her about 200 yards from the house, she dropped the pewter, and said a woman gave it her to carry to her lodging. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Susannah Janes.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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363. Susannah Janes , of St. Barthalomew the Less , was indicted for stealing 7 yards of ribbon, value 3 s. 6 d. the goods of Henry Stanton , August the 25th .

Hannah Stanton . The Prisoner came into my father's shop between 7 and 8 at night and asked

for some ribbon: I pulled out a drawer, and she not liking them, I pulled out another drawer, and she bid me cut her a yard of a brown ribbon; and as I was a stooping to take some paper from under the counter to put it up in, I saw something in her left hand, which I thought was a piece of ribbon. A young gentlewoman who has lived with us six years, saw her take it out of the drawer and put it into her left side pocket; we had a suspicion of her before, so we watched her. I let her go out of the shop and then followed her and brought her back, and told her she had got a piece of ribbon. Says she, why should you think so? I was afraid it being night that she should drop it, and I said to her, I am determined you shall not drop it upon the ground; but she found means to throw the ribbon away, and I found it upon the counter.

Sarah Sladen . I saw the Prisoner take the ribbon out of the drawer and put it into her pocket, and my mistress went after her and fetched her back - The ribbon was found upon the counter about three yards from her.

Q. Was she ever at the place where the ribbon was found?

Sladen. Yes; I saw her at the place, but I did not see her lay it out of her hand.

Prisoner. I have been a midwife sixteen years, and have got all my women to appear to my character.

Frances Crawley and Elizabeth Bembrick , said she had laid each of them of one child, and never heard any thing amiss of her.

Elizabeth Talbot , Elizabeth White , Mary Armourer , Elizabeth Worth , Elizabeth Hughes and Robert Hughes , gave her the character of an honest woman, and that they never heard any harm of her before. Acquitted .

Elizabeth Odell.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-13
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

364. + Elizabeth Odell , was indicted for stealing five yards and a half of thread lace, value 21 s. the goods of John Dale , in his shop , July 21 .

Elizabeth Dale . I keep a shop in Leadenhall Market and deal in lace, the Prisoner came into the shop between 7 and 8 at night, and asked for some lace for a mob, and bid me 3 s. and 6 d. a yard for some; (she held her apron up, and in a clandestine manner doubled a piece of lace up and concealed it in her left hand that held her apron up, and her apron covered her hand that she had the lace in - I know she had it, because I saw her draw it off the counter) I said, Madam, I can't afford to take the money you bid me ; then said she, Madam, I don't design to buy any to day. I said, Madam, if you will not buy any, I don't design you shall steal any. She said, Dear Madam, I have none: Dear Madam, said I, you have; and upon examination, I found the Prisoner had dropped the lace upon the floor.

Prisoner. As I was looking at the lace, one piece happened to slide off the counter, and the gentlewoman charged me with taking it, and then she asked me whether I would buy the lace; and I agreed to buy two yards, and she cut off two yards of lace; but as I had no money in my pocket, I said I would leave my gold ring, and she sent the ring to the Goldsmith's, and she said she would accept of the ring as a pledge: but some people who came into the shop persuaded her to charge me with a robbery, and by their persuasion she did charge me.

Q. Is that true?

Elizabeth Dale . It's all true that she says, every word of it; for I did not know that I was transgressing the law in putting the affair up, till my neighbours told me so. And I should have been willing to have sold the lace.

Joseph Gilstrop . I have known the Prisoner 33 years, almost from her cradle; she always had a good character.

Mary Lewis has known her eighteen years; John Guest ten years, and Mary Guest seven years, and gave her a good character. John Guest said she is very good to her parents, who are ancient people. Acquitted .

Sarah Collet, John Studder.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-14
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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365, 366. Sarah Collet and John Studder , of St. George's in Middlesex , were indicted for stealing three shirts, value 5 s. a holland frock, 3 s. a dimitty skirt, 4 s. two table cloths, 3 s. a shirt, 1 s. a man's hat, 3 s. a child's stay, 2 s. two handkerchiefs, 18 d. and a laced cap, 18 d. the goods of Richard Randall , July the 5th .

Richard Randall . I live the backside of Castle-Street near Rag-Fair ; the Prisoners broke my door open, and took these things away about eleven o'clock in the day time - I took Collet in Petticoat-Lane, and when she was before the Justice she confessed every thing.

- Randall. I sell old clothes ; when I went out about ten in the morning, Collet met me and wished me good luck. I returned about two, for a little girl told me in the Fair that my house was broke open. I came home and found I was robbed. - I suspected the Prisoner, because she was seen to come out of my house with her lap full of things. I never had any of the things again.

The Justice before whom she was carried deposed; that she made her confession freely, and

told every particular fact, and was willing to sign it: that he told her if it was wrote it must be read in evidence against her, and she said she would freely do it.

July 9, 1744. The Confession of Sarah Collet . '' Sarah Collet faith, That she was present with '' John Studder , Daniel West , and another, when '' these things were stole; that they took a man's '' hat, and several other things, in all to about '' the value of 30 s. and that she had a share of '' the money they were sold for.''

The Prisoner saying that she was promised to be made an evidence, the Justice was asked whether he ever made her any such promise, and he declared he never said any thing to her concerning it.

Prisoner. I don't care what you do, you may hang me if you please. John Studder was the person who broke open the door, and Daniel West who is dead, and another were concerned in it. Collet Guilty , Studder Not Guilty * .

*After Studder was acquitted, she said, Studder is as guilty as I am and more; and then flew in a violent and fell to boxing his ears and abusing him in the bar, and going out said, G - D - you all together.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Bonney.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-15

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367. + Thomas Bonney , of the Hamlet of Bethnal-Green , was indicted for assaulting Mary Sewell , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her 15 d. in money , the property of Richard Sewell , July 5 .

Mary Sewell . As I was going to Grove Street in Hackney , the Prisoner came up to me, and said he must stop me and have my money; I said he should have it.

Q. Had he any weapon?

Sewell. He had an ordinary little penknife which lay open in his hand - It lay cross his hand. I put my hand into my pocket, and gave him 15 d. He said I had more money; I told him I had not, and desired he would not fright me: and he said if he had my money, he would do me no harm. He took some money from Sarah Jackson and then left us. After he was got some way from us we cried out, and he was pursued and taken; and in a little more than a quarter of an hour brought back to us - It was about 8 o'clock in the evening.

Sarah Jackson . I was along with Mrs. Sewell when the Prisoner robbed her of 15 d. after he had got her money, he turned about to me and said he must have mine. I put my hand into my pocket and gave him 6 d. he said I had more; I told him I had not to my knowledge. He put his hand in my pocket and took out a halfpenny and went away.

Q. Had he any weapon in his hand?

Jackson. Nothing but a stick.

Q. What did Mary Sewell say to him when he first came up to her?

Jackson. She said, don't fright me and you shall have my money.

Q. to Sewell. Did you see the stick?

Sewell. I only saw the knife - 'Tis the very same man.

Jackson. - I think I can be positive to the man.

Q. Where was this done?

Jackson. It was in the field beyond Bishop Bonner's.

Prisoner. There was a young fellow run before in a green waistcoat and his own hair, I happened to have a green waistcoat on, and so they swore to me upon that account.

Sewell and Jackson said, he had on then a green waistcoat and a woollen cap.

Q. to Sewell. Did he present the knife to you?

Sewell. No, he only held it open in his hand.

John Price . These 2 gentlewomen cried out, Stop thief; and another young man and I took him. I laid hold of his collar, and brought him to Mr. Weston's house.

Prisoner. I worked for one Capt. Luckerby in Castle-street, and had carried home my work; and was taking a walk out in the fields, I saw another fellow run along in a green waistcoat.

Q. to Price. Was there any body running in a green waistcoat?

Price. There was no body run but myself. He would sain have persuaded me to believe that then, but I would not believe him; and when I brought him up to these gentlewomen, they swore hard and fast, that he was the man. Guilty , Death .

There was another indictment against him, for assaulting Sarah Jackson , and robbing her of six-pence halfpenny, which he was not tried upon.

John Bothaw.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-16

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368. John Bothaw was indicted for stealing 21 pounds of Mace, value 20 l. the goods of William Hayter , merchant , August 10 .

William Clack . I act in the office of a constable at the water-side. I went in search of this box, and found it at the Prisoner's lodging, Mrs. Plaistow's , in White's-yard in Rosemary-lane.

William Gold burne . Last Friday was a month, I saw the Prisoner go up the dark gate-way by Galley-Key, with this box under his left arm: about 10 or 15 minutes after, I met a woman in Thames-street with the same box. A few minutes after, I saw the Prisoner with Mr. Mead and Mr. Addison at the water-side; and they desired the box might be sent back again, and promised him favour. Said I, Bothaw, receive mery while you can - and he made reply, You black-guard dog, what business is it of yours? I went to the woman's house whom I saw with it under her arm, and found it in her room, under the rug upon the bed: And some people will scandalize me about it, with being a thief-taker, but I am sure I am not, for I want no reward - I knew the woman before, by her sitting with others and things upon the Keys ; and got information concerning it by a neighbour of hers in White's-yard, who saw her carry it into the house, after I had waited 2 or 3 hours at the door. - The Prisoner worked upon the Keys.

William Hayter . I had two boxes of mace sent me by the Queen of Hungary. One was N. 3. the other N. 4.

John Wheeler . Those boxes were landed near the custom-house for Mr. Hayter; and one of them was lost. One was 21 pound Dutch weight, and the other 19 pound and a half.

Matthew Mead . On the 10th of August, I entered 3 small pieces in the name of Mr. Hayter, and ordered them to lye upon the Keys; and when I came to enquire for them, one of the boxes was missing. - When the Prisoner was before Sir Robert Willimott , he fell down on his knees, asked pardon, and told us where it was; and it was found by his direction. - I know this is the box that was stolen, because I sealed it with my seal.

Mary Colburne . I have known the prisoner 26 years, and never knew but that he bore a good character.

Arthur Pertt . The Prisoner served his Time with me. I know him to be an honest man, and that he has been so all his life-time. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Noah.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-17
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

369. Mary Noah , of Christ-Church, Spittle-Fields , was indicted for stealing a pewter pint tankard, value 18 d. the goods of William Hunnalston . Guilty 10 d.

The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Edward Bailey.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-18
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

370. + Edward Bailey , of St. Mary, Whitechapel , was indicted for stealing 100 pound weight of iron, value 12 s. the goods of Thomas Scott , in his shop , August 18 .

Thomas Scott . I keep a smith's shop : it was broke open in the night-time, and I lost 100 pound weight of iron (the Prisoner is a smith) I got a search warrant, and found some of it in his shop. This is some that was found there.

Tho Wood . I know this to be Mr. Scott's iron by his way of working it.

William Smith . On the 18th of August in the morning, I thought I heard a noise as if a board was wrenched off. I looked out of the Window, and saw Edward Bailey come to Tom Scott 's shop, and take out something; and he came again; then the watch came, past three o'clock and a rainy morning: and he came 3 times afterwards, and I thought he took something every time. - Mr. Scott's shop is about a dozen yards from my house.

Prisoner. I desire the last witness may be called to my character.

Smith. I lived 3 months next door to the Prisoner: he has been in all the rooms in my house, and never wronged me; and I never heard any thing, but that he had the character of an honest man.

Q. How came you not to let somebody know of it?

Smith. It was in the night; and I did not think that a proper time: I was afraid he might run away, or something - I am sure he is the Man. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Green.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-19
VerdictNot Guilty

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371. Elizabeth Green , of St. James's Clerkenwell , was indicted for stealing a camblet gown, value 9 s. and a hat, value 4 d. the goods of Hannah Dyas , July 22 .

Hannah Dyas . The Prisoner stole these things out of a house in Shoe-lane . I went to a place the day before, and my mistress sent me to lodge there, because she had not a conveniency for me. I had been there but a night or two before the prisoner took the things out of my room. She left me naked, and I lost my place upon that account; and I never saw her after, till I met her with my things upon her back.

Prisoner. I gave her a shilling for the use of the gown, and sixpence for the use of the hat; and she said, My dear, you shall have them; and I treated her with 2 or 3 drams.

John Stockal . When the Prosecutrix charged her with taking the things, the Prisoner said she lent her 18 d. upon them.

Tho Fott . The Prosecutrix swore to the Clothes before the Justice . The Prisoner had the gown upon her back , and the hat upon her head; and she said then, that she had lent her money upon them. Acquitted .

Mary Dichens.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-20
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

372. Mary Dichens , was indicted for stealing a pair of boots , value 5 s. a pair of silver spurs, value 20 s. and a whip, value 1 s. the property of a person unknown , July 7 .

Joseph Brotherton . The Prisoner brought this pair of boots to me to sell: I turned them up, and out dropped a pair of silver spurs. I was sensible she did not know any thing of the spurs, so I asked her , how she came by them? She said, she had them in Kent; that a gentleman who was on horseback pulled off his boots to go over a hedge, in order to be concerned with her, and she run away with them.

Prisoner. I found the boots as I was coming along, and the spurs were in them.

William Beaning . I live next door to Mr. Brotherton: The prisoner offered to sell the boots to him for 5 s.

Q. Was there nothing but the boots?

Beaning . The spurs were in the boots, but they were not found then.

Prisoner. Yes, there was 2 whip too.

Benning. She said, she would not part with the whip; and when the spurs were found, she would not sell the spurs with the boots. When she came before the Justice, she said she met a man who wanted to make use of her; and that the man pulled off the boots to go through the hedge: whereupon the Justice said, he never knew a man pull off his boots to go through a hedge. And she said, while he went through the hedge, she run away with them. Acquitted .

Sophia Cudan.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-21
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

373. Sophia Cudan , of St. James's , Westminster , was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 3 s. a pair of stays, 12 d. and an apron 12 d. the goods of John Stedley , August 15 .

Martha Stedley . I went out at 5 in the morning, and left these things in a box; and when I came home, I found them out of the box, at the feet of the bed. The gown and stays were rolled up in the apron, ready to be taken away.

William Hillier . I keep the house where Mrs. Stedley lodges. My wife hearing a noise, told me some body was above. I knew the Prosecutrix was out, so I went up stairs, and the Prisoner was in the room. I asked her, what business she had there? She said, Mrs. Stedley had sent her for something. Said I, How came you to come without the Key? for the door was forced open. I told her, I would keep her till Mrs. Stedley came in. (She threatened me very hard, if I kept on detained her) and when Mrs. Stedley came, she said she did not know her, and had never seen her before that she knew of.

Prisoner. I met Mrs. Stedley's daughter, and I asked her where she lived, and she told me, and gave me the key, and bid me stay till she came home.

Ann Stedley . I did meet the Prisoner in Bawick-street , and she asked me where I lived. I told her . She asked if any body was at home? I told her , No. I did not give her the key, or leave to go, I had the key in my pocket. Guilty, 10 d.

The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

William Jones.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-22
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

374. + William Jones , of St. Margaret Westminster , was indicted for stealing 3 cloth coats, value 40 s. a scarlet duffile waistcoat, value 10 s. a blue waistcoat, value 5 s. a pair of scarlet breeches, value 5 s. a pair of shag breeches, value 1 s. a linen gown, value 5 s. and 2 shirts, value 2 s. the goods of James Fryer , in the dwelling-house of James Henley , August 16 .

James Fryer . I rent the ground-floor of Mr. Henley's house. The 16th of August. I went home about six o'clock in the afternoon, and found a pane of glass taken out of the back window, and the door open; and I lost all these goods. (I never had any of them again but one coat, which a woman brought to me, and said she found it.) I asked the neighbours, whether they saw any body carry any clothes away. They said, they saw 2 young fellows go up the yard between 4 and 5. I made enquiry, and described them; and the woman at the Brown Bear at the new bridge at Westminster said she had seen two such men with clothes. - I had a suspicion of the Prisoner, because he had been at the horse-guards, about a fortnight before, with another man's wife, that he keeps company with, and she called him a house-breaking dog. - My wife sells fruit at the horse-guards, and happened to hear it.

Q. What are you?

Fryer. I am a wellwisher to a soldier - I am a horse-grenadier . I enquired after the Prisoner, and found that he was impressed and carried to the Savoy. The Waterman, who carried the men over with the clothes, being very positive he should know them again, I desired him to go to the

Savoy; and when he saw the Prisoner, he was positive that he was one of the men he carried over with the clothes. I got a warrant from a Justice of the Peace, and took him out of the Savoy. He acknowledged before the Justice, that he was aiding and assisting in carrying away the clothes; but that he did not go into the house. - He did not mention any particulars of the clothes he took away.

Prisoner. Did you ever see me before?

Fryer. I cannot say that I ever did.

John Knapp . On the 16th of last month, about 5 o'clock in the evening, this William Jones and another man along with him came to the new stairs at Westminster, and called oars to Pepper-Alley, and had a parcel of clothes loose upon their arms. - There was a scarlet waistcoat, a scarlet pair of breeches, a red coat, a pair of shag breeches; and the Prisoner had a shirt, or a shift, tucked into his bosom. I went with Mr. Fryer's wife to the Savoy, and saw the Prisoner. I am positive he is one of the persons I saw with the clothes.

Fryer. This answers the description of my clothes.

Knapp. He said, he was not in the house, but stood at the door, and took the things as the other man brought them out.

John Galley . I have known the Prisoner from his infancy. He served his time with a barber and periwig-maker. I never heard a bad character of him.

Ann Yalden . The prisoner served his time with me, and behaved very well. - He has been out of his time about four years, and has work'd journey-work at other places.

Richard Tomkins , Edward Seaton , and David Wallington have known him almost from his birth, and say he always had a very good character. Michael Player and Joseph Carpenter have known him about 4 years, and give him the character of an honest man. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Stewart.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

375. Sarah Stewart , of St. Sepulchre's , was indicted for stealing a copper sauce-pan and cover, value 10 s. and a candlestick, 12 d. the goods of John Parkes , July 27 .

Alex Carless. I saw the Prisoner take down a large sauce pan, and put it under her petticoat, while the maid went down to draw a pint of beer. When she came up, I asked her whether the Prisoner belonged to the house, and she said she did not. I said she had a sauce-pan under her petticoat, and the maid took it away from her.

Doborah Baker. I took my master's sauce-pan from under the prisoner's petticoat. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Billings.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-24
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

376. + John Billings , otherwise Williams , of St. Sepulchre's , London, was indicted for stealing a black gelding, price 40 s. the goods of Thomas Witney , June 28 .

Thomas Witney . On the 28th of June I lost a black gelding from Layton Buzzard in Bedford-shire , and found him at Hackney, about 14 days after, in the custody of one Cowling a butcher. He delivered me the gelding by order of a Justice of the Peace; and said he had him of one John Fuller .

John Cowling . I had that gelding of John Fuller , by way of rapping, the 29th of June.

Prisoner. Was the night the horse was stole away in a wet night or a dry night?

Witney. It was a showery night.

John Fuller . I brought this horse of the prisoner on the 29th of June in Smithfield, and had him booked and tolled in the market, and afterwards I chopped him with Mr. Cowling .

Daniel Miller . The Prisoner came to me, and desired me to ride the horse about the market, and John Fuller bought him of the Prisoner for 2 guineas.

John Swinstead proved Mr. Witney's property in the horse.

Prisoner. I went down to Northamptonshire to a brother on the 16th of June; and coming back, I came to the Swan at Hockley , and lay there all night. In the morning I went away, and it rained as hard as it could. There stood 4 or 5 people under a hedge, and a little, well set man in a blue coat said he would sell me his horse. I said I had not so much money as to purchase him, and that I did not want a horse. However I purchased the horse, bridle, and saddle for 43 s. - I bought him at the first house in Dunstaple under the gate-way: I think it is the sign of the Bull.

Samuel Green. I keep a publick-house at the Cherry Tree in Kentish-Town . The Prisoner lodged with me 4 years, and went away about last March: he used to hedge and ditch, and bore a good character in the town all that time.

Mary Joyce . I have known him 5 years. He lodged at my house in Whitechapel. - I keep 2 chandler's shop. He used to work at the turnpike road by Whitechapel. He lodged with me when he was taken up; and, except the time when he was at hay-making, and that was about a fortnight, he was not out of my house 2 nights.

Q. Where did he work when he was from you?

Joyce . At the Sign of the Plough, between this and Wormley-Green .

Q. Was he pretty flush of money when he came back?

Joyce. He never was flush of money all the time he was in my house.

Q. Do you think he had 40 s.

Joyce. I don't know but he might have more than that; for I know his wife pawned her clothes for him, and had above 40 s. upon them. He never was known by us to be a man that kept late hours, or used to spending of money. Acquitted .

Benjamin Howard.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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376. + Benjamin Howard , of Hamstead , was indicted for the murder of William Paulet , by throwing him down upon the ground with both his hands, and as he was lying on the ground striking him with both his hands upon his head, neck, back, belly, and stomach; by which blows he received upon those parts several mortal bruises, of which he instantly died , August 23 .

He was likewise charged on the Coroner's Inquest for feloniously slaying the said William Pawlet .

Richard Hind . On the 23d of August in the evening, the deceased, after he had done work, sat at the door of a publick-house at West-End : the Prisoner came with a piece of victuals in his hand to the house where the deceased was, and complained that he was tired with his work: whereupon the deceased said, it was not possible he could be tired, for his work was nothing but play.

Q. What was his work?

Hind. A Bricklayer's labourer - After the deceased had said that, they disputed it some time, and I believe the Prisoner gave him the lie; then the deceased said if he gave him the lie again he would give him a slap on the face. Upon which the Prisoner made answer and said, he would return it if he did; then the deceased said he would lay the Prisoner five shillings that he beat him in three minutes time, and the Prisoner offered to lay him he did not, but I saw no money pulled out: however, they agreed to fight, and they both stripped very fairly and fought; the Prisoner received the first two falls, and the third fall they both fell together, and the Prisoner had rather the worst of it. Then the deceased said he would fight no more; I told the Prisoner that he would fight no more, then the Prisoner said I will go and shake hands with him, and he said, that he might and welcome - The deceased was sick and vomited: - He was carried home, and I did not see him afterwards.

Daniel Slann . The Prisoner came with a bit of victuals in his hand, pretty near to the place where the deceased was sitting, and said, he was very much tired. The deceased made answer and said, how could he be tired, for his work was but play; and the Prisoner said it was hard work, for he had carried a thousand and a half of bricks two story high that day. They contradicted one another, and the Prisoner gave the deceased the lie, and the deceased said if he gave him the lie again, he would hit him a slap on the face: and the other said if he did, he would return it. After that they talked of laying a wager about fighting, and then they went to fighting by consent: they had three falls, and the third fall they both fell down together sideways, and the Prisoner had rather the worst of it - I don't know any thing of any wound he received - He went home and died in about an hour afterwards. The Churchwarden said the Coroner obliged him to prosecute, and I appear for the parish.

Edmund Kelleck , Surgeon. I live in Great Russel-Street; I was sent for to the deceased three days after he was dead to open the body, and found a vast quantity of blood in the cavity of the abdomen, which I believe proceeded from an eruption of one of the blood vessels, for there were no wounds upon him; and this must from the shock of the fall: there was one of the capital vessels in the cavity of the abdomen, and the body was quite in a diseased state before this accident. I opened the skull in order to see if there was any contusion upon the brain, but found it clear and safe. One lobe of the lungs was quite adhered to the pleura and was quite emaciated (but that was not occasioned by this fall) and there was a little adhesion of the other lobe, but not like that. Acquitted of the murder, and also on the Coroner's inquest.

Moses Wilson.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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377. + Moses Wilson , of St. Mary in the Savoy , was indicted for assaulting Henry Hobdell on the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a cane, value 1 s. his property , Sept. 10 .

Henry Hobdell . Last Sunday night I had been in company, and drinking pretty much, and was so much out of order that I was willing to set myself down any where; so I sat down either upon a bench or a stone by Exeter-Exchange : between twelve and one the Prisoner at the bar and four more came about me; I was something in a surprize - I was almost asleep; one of the fellows struck me over the head with a stick which stunned me very much, and one of them took my cane out of my hand by force - I am sure the Prisoner was one of them.

Q. Who knocked you over the head with a stick?

Hobdell. One of the little fellows.

Q. Did the Prisoner take the cane from you?

Hobdell. I cannot say he did: I struggled for my cane because it was a cane that I valued, and if the watch had not come to my assistance, I verily believe I should have been murdered. - I can't say the Prisoner did any thing to me; the watchman pursued them, and I followed the watchman, but only the Prisoner was taken: then he said he had got into bad company, and did not know they were going upon that work.

John Yll . On Monday morning last Mr. Hobdell cried out thieves; there were the Prisoner and four more, I pursued them but they all escaped except the Prisoner, he run up a court, and I took him with this stick in his hand.

[There was a thick stick produced about a foot and a half long, which appeared to be a leg of a form ]

Q. How long was it after you took the boy that the Prosecutor came up?

Yoxell The Prosecutor was within a yard's distance at the time; the Prisoner made no resistance, he said he had got into bad company, and he believed they would bring him into a premanire Acquitted .

Mary Morgan.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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378. + Mary Morgan , of St. Mary le Strand , was indicted for privately stealing from the person of William Thorn , 6 s. 6 d. the money of Richard Burridge , and Robert Tollman , July 28 .

William Thorn . I am porter to Messrs. Burridge and Tollman. I came from home with a load of goods upon my shoulder, and went into the sign of the Anchor in Dudgy-Lane , by Somerset-House ; I set my basket down by me and called for a pint of beer, there were three young women in the house, and one of them asked me to be three halfpence with them; I refused it, and went into the yard and took my basket with me; there were several more gentlemen in the house; then I went into the house again - I did not go out of the house I went into the yard - I was obliged to go through the house to go into the yard, and to come through the yard to come into the house again - I staid and drank a pot of beer with the women, and they said they would drink with me; I set my basket down by the side of me, there were two of the women sat down by me, and the other sat on the other side of the table, they asked me to pay for the whole pot, I refused it at first, but they said if I would pay for that, they would treat me with a dram of gin: I refused it, for it was liquor I did not care for - I believe I did just taste of it. I got up upon my legs and pulled out 9 s. 9 d. (for I had just before received 9 s. 9 d. at the Civet Cat in the Strand,) and paid 3 d. for the pot of beer. During the time they were drinking these three glasses of gin, which I don't think could be above two minutes, the money was gone - I turned round to take up my basket , and missed the money. - I did not feel any body's hand in my pocket.

Q. What became of the young women?

Thorn. They rose and went out of doors.

Q. Was it before you took up your basket or after?

Thorn. I had just got my basket on my arm ready to go out as they went out - The other two went out first , and the Prisoner followed ; then I put my hand in my pocket, and the money was gone. I asked the women of the house if she know them, and she said she did not; I got one to go after them, and I went down to the water-side, and saw them all three in the boat together; I called out to the waterman, thieves! one of them had thrown sixpence into the boat.

Q. Did not the waterman seize them?

Thorn. No, he did not; he pulled them away [rowed away] as fast as he could. I took a boat and rowed after them - There were some lighters a little way off, and some boats faitened to them, and I took one of them and rowed after them. When they came on shore I jumped upon a lighter, got on shore and took hold of the Prisoner and kept her. - I could not take them all for I had not a Constable?

Q. Did you find any thing upon her?

Thorn. I did not examine her as to that; the Justice asked me whether I could swear to the money in my pocket? I said, I could not; but it was small silver - I believe the Prisoner took it because she was by me.

Q. They were all three by you, why might not one of the others take it?

Thorn. The other two did not come near me after the money was lost.

Q. Which side of the table did the other women sit on?

Thorn. They sat on the off side of the table.

Q. Was the Prisoner near enough to touch you after you pulled out the money to pay the reckoning?

Thorn. Yes, I believe she was.

Q. Had not you the other two women in custody as well as this?

Thorn. After I got on shore I had them all three in custody.

Q. Why did not you keep them?

Thorn. Because I could not.

Prisoner. Did not I go voluntarily with you before the Justice?

Thorn. I can't say you did voluntarily, because we laid hold of you .

Q. Who is we?

Thorn . There were some others took my part, that they did not mob me off.

Jury . When you took her did you charge her with robbing you?

Thorn . I said she had picked my pocket.

Jury . What did she say?

Thorn . She laughed at me. Acquitted .

Samuel Roach, William Bucklimes.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-28
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty

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380, 381. + Samuel Roach , and William Bucklimes , otherwise Walker , of St. Leonard Shoreditch , were indicted for stealing 8 s. the property of James Brampton , privately from his person , Sept. 8 .

James Brampton . On Friday night last, one Thomas Newton and I were at the Swan-Tavern in Shoreditch ; about eleven o'clock as we were coming home and turning up Norton Falgate , the two young men in the bar came up to us, as I had hold of Mr. Newton's arm, and the Prisoner said to Mr. Newton that he was heavy loaden, (because I walked heavy and sluggish) and Mr. Newton said if they would go with me to the further end of Barbican (where I live) he would give them 3 d. or 6 d. which they seemed willing to accept of: with that Roach took hold of my right arm, and Mr. Newton of my left arm, and the other Prisoner walked behind. We walked along Hog-Lane till we came to the Baker and Basket , and then I felt Roach's hand in my breeches pocket; finding his hand in my pocket, I called out to Mr. Newton and told him I was robbed: with that he turned from my left side to Roach and collared him, and then they skuffled together in the road - I lost 8 s. - I had in that pocket 23 or 24 s. and in my left hand pocket I had 3 guineas - I did not know what I had lost till I came home. Mr. Newton secured Roach that night, and the next morning he told me he had taken the other; the Constable shewed me a paper which was taken from Roach, which was a bill of parcels I had taken that night in Shoreditch of 30 l. odd money.

Jury. Was the bill of parcels in that pocket the money was in?

Brampton. I can't tell which pocket it was in; whether it was my waistcoat or breeches pocket. - I had 13 s. when I came home - A watchman and Mr. Newton went home along with me. - I am sure I lost 8 s. and some halfpence.

Jury. You say the Prisoner said to Newton you are heavy loaden, was you in liquor?

Brampton. I was in liquor.

Thomas Newton . I was along with Mr. Brampton at the Swan Tavern, with a person he paid twenty six guineas to: Mr. Brampton was very much in liquor and wanted a coach. I said, if they would give me a broomstick I would see him home; these two lads were at the end of Hog-Lane, and I had a full sight of them. They said, master, you are very heavy loaden ; and, as Mr. Brampton says, they agreed to go with us, and Roach took hold of his right arm: we went together as far as the Baker and Basket in Hog-Lane; then Brampton said, hollo, Newton! the fellow has got his hand in my pocket, and said that his pocket was picked. I had got the broomstick in my hand, and I said I would knock his brains out if he offered to move, and then the money fell down - I don't know how much: then he pretty artfully catched hold of me and threw me over the rails into the road, but we both tumbled over together. Bucklimes was looking for the money: I still held Roach by the collar, and Bucklimes seeing I had managed him, held this stick up and said, G - d - your eyes , if you don't let him go, I'll knock your brains out; when I had him down I cried out murder, and in some little time the watch came.

Q. Did you find any of the money?

Newton. I'll tell you, Sir; I found one shilling that night, and there were three shillings found afterwards - The money was found in the place where Brampton lay down, for he was very drunk.

Jury. Did you hear the money chink after Brampton told you his pocket was picked?

Newton. Yes, and the money dropped out of Roach's hand; there was some money found in the tenter ground, and some in King Street. Roach was carried to the watch-house, and that money was delivered to me at the watch-house, and one shilling was found in his shoes: then I went home with Mr. Brampton and examined his pockets; the next morning Roach was examined before a Justice of the peace, and there he said I had robbed him of 3 s. 6 d.

Roach. What was the first place I met you at?

Newton. It was at the end of Hog-Lane.

- Bricknell (Constable). This note was taken out of Roach's hand in the watch-house, and there was a shilling found upon the ground near him - The watchmen were searching him when this paper was taken out of his hand.

Jury. When did Mr. Brampton fall down?

Brampton. Not till after my pocket was picked.

Nicholas Purdue . I have known Roach about five years, he draws draught work for the Weavers; I never knew an ill thing of him in my life: the other Prisoner (Walker) left work but half an hour

before the robbery was committed; and as to Mr. Brampton , he said he was so drunk that he could not tell who picked his pocket, and could not swear to the person.

Samuel Stogden . I am a Weaver - Roach has worked for me, and I never heard any ill of him. Bucklimes has worked for me two years, and I believe him to be an honest fellow.

Thomas Moulton . I have known Roach three or four years, we have worked together a good while: I heard Bucklimes at work at nine o'clock last Friday night, he lived next door to me.

William Staples . I have known Roach three or four years, and for what I know he has a very good character - I never heard to the contrary. Roach Guilty 10 d. Bucklimes Acquitted .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Eleanor King.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-29
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

382. + Eleanor King , of Fulham , was indicted for stealing two silver spoons, value 10 s. two shirts, 10 s. a pair of stays, 20 s. eight handkerchiefs, 4 s. three pair of stockings, 2 s. a cloak, 1 s. two aprons, 2 s. and a shift, 2 s. 6 d. the goods of Guy Taylor , in his dwelling house , July 1 .

Guy Taylor . The Prisoner was my servant ; I hired her about the 29th of last June, and the 1st of July she robbed me. I went to bed on Saturday night between nine and ten, and got up between four and five on Sunday morning, and my doors were all open and the maid gone: I sent four horses and four men after her, and found her at the tollhouse at Putney-Bridge , and she had on aprons, caps and handkerchiefs of my wife's.

Q. Had she more caps than one on?

Taylor . No, but one cap.

Martha Taylor . I lost two new shirts, one made the other unmade, these were lost out of my work basket; most of the things were in her room. She was taken on Monday morning, and on Tuesday morning I went to her to the toll-house, and found some handkerchiefs upon her, and a shift which she had on her back; she had likewise my cap, apron, handkerchief, stockings, clogs and cloak on. I asked her how she came to rob me, (I had lent her 2 s. to take a gown out of pawn) she said, because I was to send a woman with her to fetch the gown out of pawn, and she was afraid the woman should tell me her character, and I should turn her away. She sold a parcel of my things for two guineas to Mrs. Bartlow - A pair of stays, two shirts, two spoons, an old gown, and some other things, and took me to the place where she told them .

Prisoner. I desire the guinea and half and 5 s. which I gave to the constable.

Martha Taylor . There was a guinea and half and 5 s. given to the constable.

Jane Bartlow . The Prisoner brought me a pair of stays, 2 spoons, a shirt, a shift, and some other odd trifling things to sell. I questioned her very much about them. She said, she was a servant, that her mother was dead, and she had no other way to bury her, but by selling her things: and I paid her 2 guineas for them. Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Pugh, Carolina Banham.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-30
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s; Guilty > theft under 40s

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383, 384. + Elizabeth Pugh , otherwise Parding , and Carolina Banham , otherwise Greenwood , of St. Sepulchre's , were indicted for stealing a gold necklace, value 19 s. a coral, value 4 s. four pair of sleeve-buttons, 3 s. a pair of shoe-buckles, 3 s. a pair of buttons, 5 s. 3 silver tea-spoons, 5 s. and 38 s. in money, the property of Elizabeth Moore , in her dwelling-house , August 17 .

Eliz. Moore . I sell Fruit . Five weeks ago last Tuesday, I was going out with my cherries, and left my 2 children at home. My biggest girl came to me and said, Mother, Betty Pugh and Carolina Banham have been with us. I went home and missed the things. I went immediately after them, and found them at the Castle in King-Street by Guild-hall. They had drank 3 pints of beer, and had had a pennyworth of bread and a pennyworth of cheese, and had no money to pay the man. As soon as I saw them, I charged them with robbing me. Pugh said, What do you mean by that, Mrs. Moore? there's no body here has robbed you: and Banham said, It is a lie, for we have robbed her. The next day I had them before a Justice, and then both of them owned that they had bought each of them a gown out of the golden guinea they had robbed me of, (they have the gowns upon their backs now) and each of them an apron, a shift, and a silk handkerchief; the handkerchiefs cost half a crown apiece - There was a guinea and a half in gold, 7 s. in silver, and 2 d. - I found 2 spoons at Mr. Tyson's, facing St. George's church in Southwark , by their direction. They owned they had sold my coral to Mr. Peters in the borough; (Banham told the Justice, that Mrs. Peters melted it down as soon as she had it) and that they had sold the buttons at Mr. Bennet's at the bridge-foot.

Eliz. Stafford. I live with Mr. Tyson , facing St. George's church in Southwark. I remember both the prisoners (especially Pugh) coming with two tea-spoons, and delivering them into my hand, and she asked 3 s. upon them, but we would not lead more than half a crown. Pugh guilty 39 s. Banham guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

George Hall.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-31
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

385. + George Hall , of St. George the Martyr , was indicted for stealing a periwig, value 40 s. and a pair of gloves 10 d. the goods of the Revd. Richard Lucas , Doctor of Divinity , in the dwelling-house of Joseph Lockall , July 1st .

Joseph Lockall . I live in Gloucester-Street . The 1st of July, on a Sunday morning, the maid went out of an errand, and left the door open - the rest of the family were in bed: she had not been long gone, before I heard an outcry of Stop thief. I saw the Prisoner run along, and a man offer to lay hold of him. I run after him and took him. As soon as I had caught him, Walter Hood came up and told me, it was my house that was robbed, and Mr. Cox said he saw him come out of my house with something in his apron. As we were going to a Justice of the Peace, I went up to a man that the people told me the Prisoner nodded at, and went to lay hold of him, and that man presented a pistol to me, and told me he would blow my brains out, if I came any nearer: I came up pretty near at him, and he presented his pistol again, and made his escape. He presented his pistol at every one he met as he went along. - There was nothing found upon the Prisoner. The Justice asked him to discover his accomplices, and he said he had none.

Geo. Harrington Cox . I was looking out of my window, and saw the Prisoner at the bar go into Mr. Lockall's house - it was just after the people were gone to church. I suspected he was a thief, for there was another person came and stood about 10 or a dozen yards short of him, on the other side of the way. I drew my head in again, that they might not observe me, and I saw the prisoner come out again, with something in his apron, and he walked very soberly towards the other man. I said, There is a boy come out of Mr. Lockall's house with something in his apron, and I believe he has robbed him; and cried out stop thief; and then the Prisoner ran along, and cried stop thief. One of them run on one side of the street, and the other on the other side; but when they came to the corner of the street, one turned one corner, and the other the other corner. - I believe the prisoner was about 5 or 6 minutes in the house.

Prisoner to Cox. Did not you say the person who was in the house was in a blue coat?

Lockall. How can you say so, you rascal, you? Was you not pursued immediately and taken?

Cox. I did not say the person who was in the house was in a blue coat.

Walter Wood . I heard Mr. Cox cry out stop thief! and I cried out stop thief! and turned the corner of the street, and within two or three doors of the corner, the Prisoner had thrown the wig and gloves into an entry, and I took them up and carried them to Mr. Lockall's, this is the wig.

Lockall. This is Dr. Lucas's wig. Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Clinton.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-32
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

386. + Elizabeth Clinton , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. and 12 s. in money, the property of James Caryl , privately from his person , February 19 . last.

James Caryl . The Prisoner robbed me of my watch and money in Windsor-Court, Drury-Lane . - I live in Clare-Market with Mr. Seal, a Baker It was on a Saturday night, I was out a little too late: I knocked at my master's door between eleven and twelve and could not get in. I went to an acquaintance's house in Bow-Street, and not getting in there I was going to another place, and met this woman in Drury-Lane; and she said, Baker, where are you going?

Jury. Were you sober?

Caryl. I was not drunk - I can't say I was quite sober - No, no, I was not drunk: we went together into Windsor-Court, and I staid there all night.

Q. Did you lie alone?

Caryl. Yes, I did; the Prisoner gave me a candle, and I went up stairs and went to bed; and she came up and fetched the candle away - I had no liquor, the Prisoner and another woman or two that were there had some. I lay till near seven o'clock on Sunday morning, then I was going to get up. I went to take my breeches from under my head to look what it was o'clock, and my watch was gone. I happened to light upon the Prisoner the 24th of July and had her taken up - I am sure I had it when I went to bed.

Q. Are you sure of that?

Caryl. Yes, I am. I did not come here to take a false oath; when I came down there was only an old woman, and I asked her concerning it, and she said there had been nobody in the room but the woman who lighted me up - I never had my watch again, and know no more of it but by her confession before the Justice - She confessed she took the watch, and gave it to a gentleman who had pledged it, but she did not say where it was pledged.

Prisoner. I know nothing of the matter.

Q. Was not you up stairs?

Prisoner. No, I was not. Acquitted .

Mary Dale.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-33
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

387. + Mary Dale , otherwise Baker , of St

Giles's Cripplegate , was indicted for stealing a burdet gown, value 20 s. a linnen gown, 10 s. a quilted petticoat, 5 s. a shift, 2 s. two handkerchiefs, 18 d. a cap, 12 d. six ells of dowlas. 4 s. half of guinea and six shillings, the goods and money of Thomas Blunt , in his dwelling house , August 21 .

Ann Blunt . The Prisoner came to look after me as a nurse , and took half a guinea and six shillings from under my head, and the other things which were locked up in a box by my bedside.

Philip Garland . I am a Constable, I was sent for to the Queen's-Head in Whitecross-Street, where the Prisoner was stopped, and took her with me to Mrs. Blunt's, and she said that she had robbed her: she owned she took the pocket with half a guinea and six shillings in silver in it, (but she said there were ten shillings,) a new shift and six ells of cloth.

Prisoner. She had hid these things from her husband, and gave me the keys to take them out to pledge, that he should not know of them.

Q. to Garland. Did the Prisoner at that time say, that she pledged them with the privity of the Prosecutrix.

Garland. I did not hear any thing of that.

Mary Hall. The Prisoner owned the taking the money and the things mentioned by the last witness, and a burdet gown.

Q. to the Prosecutrix. The Prisoner says she took these things by your direction and privity, and that you ordered her to pawn them?

Ann Blunt . I do deny it - I did not give her the money.

Prisoner. You were light headed, and the next day you said you did not know any thing of the matter, and had forgot it.

Blunt. I did not say any such thing. Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Jones.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-34
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

388. + Sarah Jones , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was indicted (with Elizabeth Mills , otherwise Newbury, not yet taker) for assaulting William Matthews on the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a watch, value 4 l. the property of William Hunt , July 16 .

William Matthews . On Monday July 16, I was coming along the Coal-Yard between eleven and twelve in the day time; there were two women and two men came up to me.

Q. What did they say to you?

Matthews. They came all on a sudden; I can't tell what they said, nor I will not say any thing of that kind.

Q. Did they come by force or privately upon you?

Matthews. It was as privately as could be - They put me in a surprize, they did not hurt me or beat me. Sarah Jones [the Prisoner] took the watch out of my pocket, I catched her in so doing. I saw her lay hold of the chain of my watch, and take it out of my pocket and give it to Elizabeth Newbury , and she run away with it - It was on a Monday.

Council. I ask you whether you did not say at the Justice's that the watch was lost on a Sunday?

Matthews . I was in a fluster, and happened to drop that word.

Q. If you lost your watch at twelve at noon, and was at the Justice's at four that afternoon, could not you tell whether you lost it that day or the day before?

Matthews. I happened when I was asked the question when I lost it, to drop these words, it was yesterday

Robert Poulson . When the Prisoner was at the Constable's house, she said she believed she could help him to it again for half a guinea.

Q. Did he swear before the Justice that he lost it on a Sunday?

Poulson. No, he did not say Sunday, he said he lost the watch yesterday: said I, what's the matter with you Mr. Matthews, what are you doing of? I saw you have it this morning.

Q. Did he contradict that?

Poulson. No, he did not.

Elizabeth Gale . Mr. Matthews is my own brother, the Prisoner said she had borrowed a watch of him, and had given it to Elizabeth Mills .

Q. Did she say she borrowed it or took it out of his pocket?

Gale. What is borrowing but taking out of his pocket?

Q. Did she say borrowing or did she not?

Gale. I can't say positively that she did say so.

Q. Did she say she would help him to it again?

Gale. Yes, she said she would in two hours, and we waited eight hours but never saw it again. My brother would have been glad to have had it to be sure, because it was not his own.

Q. to Matthews , Whose watch is it?

Matthews. 'Tis a watch of a particular acquaintance of mine, he used to put it sometimes into my pocket - I was about buying it, and had it to try whether I liked it - It is William Hunt 's .

Q. Was it your watch at the time of making the information?

Matthews. I was to pay six guineas for it if I liked it.

Q. Did you like it very well?

Matthews . I liked it very well till I lost it.

Q. Did you say you would give half a guinea to have the Watch again?

Gale. I said the Prisoner should be discharged if we had the Watch again - My brother did not order me to say so; but I knew if it was lost he must pay for it or go to Goal.

It appeared that Matthews in his information before the Justice, said that he had bought it of William Hunt for six guineas, though in the indictment he lays it to be the property of William Hunt .

James Britain . The Prisoner was my servant about five years ago, and lived with me thirteen months; there was a thousand pounds value in the house that she might have gone to if she would, and she never wronged me of any thing. Acquitted .

Mary Wall.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-35
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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389. + Mary Wall , was indicted for stealing a brown cloth coat, value 6 s. a waistcoat 4 s. a pair of Buckskin breeches, 6 s. a pair of silver knee buckles 3 s. three pair of stockings, 3 s. 6 d. a woolen cap, 1 s. a quilted callimanco petticoat, 8 s. a pair of blankets, 4 s. a burdet gown, 5 s. a cotton gown, 5 s. a silk handkerchief, 3 s. three childrens blankets, 1 s. two long frocks, 2 s. eleven clouts, 11 s. two under coats, 2 s. a Patrick's psalm book, 1 s. and a great quantity of child-bed linen, value 20 s. the goods of John Newman , in his dwelling-house , August 30 .

John Newman . I live in Gilt-Spur street , on the 30th of August I was sent for home, and found the plate of the lock of the Door was forced off, and the bolt bent almost double, and most of the things mentioned in the indictment were taken away: I was informed that the Prisoner was seen to come out of the house; I advertised the things, and a person brought me information that the Prisoner wore my wife's gown, and that the knee buckles were pulled out of the pocket of one of her Accomplices: I got a warrant and searched her house (she keeps a house of ill fame) and found part of my things there, and found my brown cloth coat, my waistcoat, my wife's burdet gown, cotton gown and my buckskin breeches at Mr. Wild's the three Balls in Whitecross Street.

Elizabeth Newman . I believe the Prisoner is the real thief that broke open the k , for I heard a noise, and a person came in and asked her where she was going, I had just a glimpse of her and by that sight I take her to be the person.

Thomas Watson . I saw part of the things that Mr. Newman lost taken out of her drawers.

Satchel . (Constable) I had a search warrant the 6th of this Month from the Prosecutor, to search the Prisoner's house; I got a Smith and broke open the drawers, and found Mr. Newman's Waistcoat , the burdet gown, and a parcel of child-bed linnen, &c.

John Kidner . I was there at the same time, and saw them taken out of the drawers.

Jane Smack . The said day the Gentleman speak of, I was in bed, he came to me and desired me to get up, and I did get up, and saw the clothes taken out of the drawers; the Prisoner was not in the then, but she was afterward carried before Lord Mayor and committed: I being a lodger in the house, one of the people in the house: asked me to pawn this coat and I did pawn it, [Mr. Newman's coat] but I don't know who gave it me.

Q. Who did you give the money to?

Smack. When I came in I flung the money down upon the table. - I don't know who took it up - As soon as I came into the room I went out again - It was the Prisoner's chest of drawers that the things were taken out of.

Elizabeth Carter . I lodge in the house; when the Constable came to search the house, I saw this laced handkerchief upon the Prisoner's neck (the handkerchief was owned by Mr. Newman).

Mary Foster . I live at the Queen's-head alehouse in Whitecross Street, next door to this bawdy house, and saw the things that are sworn to by Mr. Newman in the Prisoner's drawers.

Prisoner. All these people that swear against me lodge in this particular room: I am a market woman and keep a house to let out ready furnished lodgings, all these witnesses that are against me get their living by nothing but wickedness, these creatures that the Prosecutor has hired and kept these three or four days are to take my life away.

Ann Mozeen . (Mr. Newman's coat was shewn to her: and she was asked whether she knew it). I know no more than that this young woman brought this coat in - I know her no otherwise than by the name of Jenny - I think they call her Jenny Smack .

Jenny Smack called again. One of the persons in the house desired me to pawn the coat. I did pawn it; but I did not bring it into the house, and never saw it till it was put into my hand. Guilty 39 s.

Ann Wilder.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-36
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

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390 Ann Wilder , otherwise Hawkins *, of St. Buttolph Aldergate , was indicted for stealing a cloth coat with Egyptian pebble buttons, value 15 s. a white duffle coat, 5 s. a pair of scarlet cloth breeches,

2 s. 6 d. a dimitty waistcoat with mocho buttons, 1 s. 6 d. a linnen gown 5 s. and a worsted damask gown, 5 s. the goods of Thomas Hitchcock , Sept. 5 .

*She was an Evidence on the preceding trial by the name of Ann Mozeen .

Thomas Hitchcock . Last Wednesday sennight I was in the kitchen backwards, and was surprized with a very great noise; I thought the servants had been fighting: I went into the shop and they were very quiet; the maid went a little way up stairs and came down very much frightened, for she saw her mistress's cloaths scattered about the stairs. I happened to look up and saw the sash up two pair of stairs lifted up, and the Prisoner look out of the window; I cried out Thieves directly, and she made the best of her way down stairs to get out of the house; but one of my servants seized her coming down stairs; she fell down on her knees, begged we would forgive her and said she would never do so any more; I believe she had loaded herself too much and made a false step and so tumbled down stairs. Guilty 39 s .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas James.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-37
VerdictNot Guilty > self defence

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391. + Thomas James , of the Parish of St. Mary Lebon , was indicted for the murder of William Corryndon , by striking him with a stick on the nose, on the 3d day of May last, and thereby giving him a mortal bruise, of which he languished from the said 3d day of May to the 20th day of the same month in the Parish of Mary Lestrand , and then died .

He was a second time charged on the Coroner's inquest for feloniously slaying the said William Corryndon .

John Smart . As I was at work in a brick field, I heard a noise of men quarreling for upwards of a quarter of an hour; I left off work and went into the brick field where they were and went up within six yards of them; and there stood the Deceased, and the Prisoner came up to him; the Deceased said what is it you would have? And the Prisoner said what do you want with me, sirrah? What do you mean by abusing me in this manner? Upon that the deceased asked him if he would fight him: fight you, says the Prisoner, what should I fight you for? you fight me! Says the deceased, fight you, aye, but won't you take the Law of me? the Prisoner said to the deceased, I take the Law of you, what should I take the Law of you for? with that the deceased struck the Prisoner or struck at him - I can't tell whether he struck him, but he struck at him; - they had each of them sticks. (The stick the Prisoner had was produced, which was a small bamboo cane with a crook Ivory head, part of which was broke off.) After he had struck at the Prisoner, the Prisoner struck at him again; and after several blows had passed on both sides, the Prisoner laid hold of the deceased and threw him down with his face upon the ground; his face was very bloody and the blood run down very sadly between his Eyes. After he was down the Prisoner beat him with his stick several times, and broke his stick upon him. Then a person took him up, but the Prisoner being stronger than he drove him four or five yards, and he fell down flat upon his back in a cart rut; and then the Prisoner went to strike at him again, though I don't know that he struck him any more, but the deceased lay in a dismal condition; for I believe he was in liquor, and what between that and the blows he could not stir himself.

Q. Did not you observe the deceased turn from the Prisoner, and then the Prisoner follow him and strike at him.

Smart. I did not see that - the deceased had the biggest stick.

Q. Did not you observe that when the deceased was down, the Prisoner continued to strike him over the back and reins?

Smart. Yes, and I asked whether he was going to murder the man, and the people said the deceased began first; I said if he did begin first he ought not to be murdered.

Sparham, Surgeon. On the 16 or 17 of May, I was sent for to the deceased, which was thirteen days, as I was informed, after he had received an injury by Mr. James the Quaker; there was a wound upon his nose, which upon searching I found was almost healed up by his own applications, and I found his under jaw contracted close; his swallowing prevented almost entirely; he could not go to stool and could hardly make water. I examined his head to see if he had received any wound there; there was no fracture, and I could not perceive any wound except that in his nose: I did something to relax the jaw and to make him evacuate; but in about three days he died: the upper part of the bone of the nose was bruised, upon which I put my probe into the outward membrane or covering of the bone, and the probe came through into the roof of his mouth, and by the simpathy between one membrane and another, this bruise occasioned the contraction of the jaw, so that it is my opinion the man died of a penury or a perfect starving.

Q. Did you ever know an instance of this nature before?

Sparham. Yes, two or three times; but 'tis very rare, I saw it once in a carman; that such a contraction was occasioned by the bruise of one of

his fingers. It is my opinion this contraction occasioned the want of swallowing and going to stool, and that this contraction was occasioned by this blow.

Jury. Mr. Sparham, if you had been sent for at first might not this have been prevented?

Sparham. I believe if I had been sent for I should have laid it open, and that would have relieved the membrane. The Jury brought in their verdict, that the Prisoner did it in his own defence .

Mary Picket.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-38
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

392. + Mary Picket , of St. Vedast Foster , was indicted for stealing a linen handkerchief, value 18 d. the goods of Simon Oncly , privately from his person , July 19th .

Simon Oncly . I think on the 19th of August about nine in the evening, I was passing along Cheapside , in order to go to Snow-hill; and at the farther end of Cheapside where the conduit stood, I felt somebody draw my handkerchief out of my pocket; I saw it in the Prisoner's hand, and took it from her and put it into my pocket; she fled cross Cheapside and run down into Watling Street. I had got the gout and could not run very well, but I cried out stop thief, and some People stopped her: when I came up to her I took hold of her by the arm, she said, you will hurt me, take hold of my collar, said I, You have nothing to take hold of there, and I said, Child, I will not hurt you, but I am resolved to prosecute you, then she cried and begged for mercy.

Prisoner. The gentleman wanted to pick me up and would have given me a shilling and I refused it; but he still came after me, and because I would not do as he would have had me, he charged me with stealing his handkerchief. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Naylor.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-39
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

393. + Elizabeth Naylor , was indicted for stealing a handkerchief, value 2 s. the goods of John Day , privately from his person , July the 1st .

John Day . On the 1st of July about ten o'clock at night, I met the Prisoner, and asked her the way to the water-side; she sent me down an alley and followed me, clapped her hand upon my shoulder, and asked me where I was going? I saw a watchman, and asked him if that was the way to the water-side? He said it was not, and drove the Prisoner out before him. I put my hand into my pocket and missed my handkerchief, and found it under her arm holes in the watch-house - I am a Gardener, I live at Rotherbith .

Prisoner. He pushed me down the alley, and gave me the handkerchief to lie with me.

Edward Wells . I took the handkerchief from her, she said then that he gave it her, but he denied it.

Prisoner. He said if I would return him the handkerchief he would give me a shilling.

Day. I did not say so. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Drew.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-40
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

394. + Elizabeth Drew , of St. Margaret's Westminster , was indicted for stealing twelve guineas, the property of John Hollings , in his dwelling house , Sept. 3 .

John Hollings . The Prisoner came to lodge with me August the 14th, and desired leave to go into my room to work a border for a cap; and while my little girl was gone of an errand, she took twelve guineas out of my box with a false key. They were separately wrapped up in a piece of brown paper; I missed them September the 3d, and saw them there a week before - I suspected the Prisoner because there was nobody else in the room, and when she came to lodge with me she was very poor and mean, and could not pay for washing or lodging. On Saturday the 1st of September she brought in a parcel of goods, I have an inventory of them; there was a pair of callimanco shoes, 4 s. 6 d. a pair of breeded shoes, 8 s. a pair of stays a guinea and a half, a hood and cloak in the nature of a capuchin with a lace round it, two pair of muffatees, half a guinea, there was a silk gown and some shifts, but I don't know the value of them: she gave a woman sixpence to bring them into the house. She dressed herself up and went that Saturday to Ranelagh-House with a gentleman. I asked her how she came by the money. She said she had a guinea and a half of that gentleman. She continued in the house, she did not run away.

Matthew Blakey . I am a Constable, the Prisoner said before the Justice that she had a guinea and a half of a gentleman, but he denied it, and said he believed she was actually guilty of the fact.

Thomas Vane . The Prisoner told the Prosecutor at the Gate-House, that if he would agree to discharge her, he should have the goods he had in his house, and he should have a note from a gentleman for the remainder.

Joseph Herbert gave the same evidence as the last witness.

Prisoner. Mr. Hollings had a great deal of other money there.

Hollings. I had more money in the same room, and in the same box, but it lay separate by itself.

Prisoner. I left my things with Mr. Macguire the Taylor for five months lodgings I owed him. Mr. Hollings has more things of mine than he has mentioned. Mr. Stodhard my Attorney got me to make a bill of sale of my things to him for his

charges, and he has deceived me and would not come because he pretends to be sick. Acquitted .

Mary Smith.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-41
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

395. Mary Smith , of St. Andrew's Holborn , was indicted for stealing two pewter plates, value 1 s. a pewter dish, 18 d. and a chequed apron, 12 d. the goods of Richard Cooke , August 14 .

Samuel Beane . I saw the Prisoner go through the yard the backside of my master's house with something in her apron; I asked her what she had got there, and called to a gentleman over the way to come to me, and she let the things drop. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Jones.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-42
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

396. Ann Jones , of St. Margaret's Westminster , was indicted for stealing two blankets, value 10 d. and a sheet, 2 s. the goods of William Mitchel , in her lodging , May 13 . Acquitted .

John Burn.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-43
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

397. John Burn , was indicted for stealing a dimitty gown, value 10 s. a scarlet cloth cloak, 5 s. a velvet hood, 2 s. 6 d. the goods of Hugh Montgomery , August 27 .

Hugh Montgomery . I lost these things and found them at Mr. Hutchins's. I keep a publick house , the Prisoner has used it ever since last April. I believe he was in liquor when he did it - I never heard any body give him an ill character.

Thomas Hutchins . I had them of Juditch Dalton, and lent 15 s. upon them. I told the Prisoner so before the Justice, and he said, Then she has sunk 3 s. for she gave me but 12 s. Acquitted .

Martha Monk.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-44
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

398. Martha Monk , of St. Giles's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing three pewter plates, value 18 d. five pewter pint pots, 2 s. 8 d. eight knives, 9 d. and eight forks , the goods of William Emmery , July 14 .

William Emmery . I live at the Six Canns in Holborn, the Prisoner was my servant six months, and behaved very decently; she went from me to lodge in a bad house (one Bannister's who is under sentence of transportation) which I believe was the cause of her ruin. I employed her afterwards as a chairwoman, and missing things at several times, I found her out, and she owned the taking them. I found one pint pot at Mr. Wigley's.

Thomas Wigley . I am a Pewterer. The Prisoner brought a pint pot to me, and owned before the Justice that she robbed the Prosecutor of those things. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Broderick.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-45
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

399. Elizabeth Broderick , was indicted for stealing a pair of sheets, value 2 s. two pillowbeers, 6 d. a blanket, 2 s. a pewter dish, 2 s. 6 d. an earthen plate, 2 d. and a spoon, 2 d. the goods of James Griffiths , in her lodging , February 13 . Acquitted .

Ann Finck*.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-46
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

400. Ann Finck* , of St. George Hanover-Square , was indicted for stealing a silk waistcoat, value 5 s. the goods of Jeremiah Watson , July 25 .

*The Prisoner being a Dutchwoman , and not understanding English, an Interpreter was sworn.

Mercy Slade . I live at Knightsbridge , the Prisoner came into my house and asked for a halfpenny worth of small beer, and went out again. As soon as she was gone, I missed a silk waistcoat which lay upon the bed when she came in: I run after her directly, and took it upon her under her cloak.

Q. What did the Prisoner say when you took her?

Slade. I think she said she would pay for it - She did not speak English well - The Prisoner said she found it in the street.

Slade. There was nobody in the house but the Prisoner, after I saw the waistcoat on the bed. Guilty 10 d.

The Jury recommended her for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Rebecca Smith.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-47
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

Related Material

401. Rebecca Smith , was indicted for stealing four pewter plates, value 1 s. two pewter dishes, value 1 s. the goods of John Appleton , July 6 .

John Appleton . The Prisoner came to borrow some water, she went down into the cellar for it: I missed the pewter after she was gone, and charged her with taking it, for nobody had been in the cellar but herself; she denied the taking it, but I found it by her direction.

Edward Drinker . The Prisoner brought two pewter plates of Mr. Appleton's to me to pawn, I asked her whether they were her own? She said, they were: said I, they may not be your's, though you have the use of them, you may be in a ready furnished lodging, she said, By G - d they are mine. Guilty 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

LUKE RYLEY, John MackEvoy.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-48

Related Material

402, 403. + LUKE RYLEY , and John MackEvoy , of St. Mary Islington , were indicted for assaulting William Hall on the King's highway, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a barragon coat, value 7 s. a hat, value 2 s. a perriwig, value 5 s. a bone perfume box, value 1 d. a knife, value 6 d. a handkerchief, value 6 d. and 15 s. in money , the property of the said William Hall, Septem. 3 .

William Hall. On the 3d of this month about eight o'clock in the evening, I was coming from Edmonton to London in a hackney coach - There were also in the coach Mrs. Pickersgill and a child of her's, Mr. Gretton, and Mr. Podger. On the other side of Islington fronting a lane they call Frog-Lane , MackEvoy (for I know his face very well) - I am sure he is the person, came up to the coach first, he held a pistol in his hand and pointed it to me and said, D - n your eyes, the soul that speaks a word I will blow their brains out, or words to that purport: he repeated those words twice, and bid us deliver our watches and money. I sat some little time, and found means to secrete my watch under the cushion of the coach; when I had done that, I desired he would use us civilly and he should have what we had; then he made use of another oath, and bid us come out of the coach. - There were two others with him.

Q. Do you know the other Prisoner?

Hall. I was very cautious of looking too much at them, for fear they should think I was drawing their pictures as they call it. I came out of the coach, MackEvoy rifled my pockets, turned them inside out, and took out 4 s. 6 d. or 5 s. 6 d. and half a guinea, a bone perfume box, a tin tobacco box and a knife; when they had rifled my pockets so far, I was left by myself; presently the same man [ MackEvoy ] catches off one sleeve of my coat which came pretty easily off; then came another and pulled off the other sleeve, and he that pulled off the last sleeve took the coat away, and instantly as the sleeve of my coat was pulled off, my hat and wig were pulled off behind me, but I cannot tell who took them; there was a linen handkerchief taken with my coat it being in the pocket.

Q. Considering it was eight o'clock at night, how could you see MackEvoy so as to distinguish him?

Hall. The moon shone, and I had so much reason to remark him, for he was the first man that came up to the coach, and as I was secreting my watch, I looked pretty much in his face to see whether he observed my motion about the watch. He has a very remarkable face, and his voice is as remarkable - After they had robbed me they took the other gentlemen out of the coach and robbed them, and then went up Frog-Lane - They were all on foot .

Q. Had MackEvoy a cutlass?

Hall. I saw two cutlasses, but I don't know whether MackEvoy had any or not.

Q. Did they do any thing with their cutlasses ?

Hall. They cut one gentleman who was in the coach.

Q. When were they taken up afterwards?

Hall. They were taken up by an accident . Capt. Dodd at the Savoy sent a letter concerning them: I saw them before Justice Fraser, and knew MackEvoy directly.

Q. Was there any thing taken upon them?

Hall. There was a trunk taken upon them, and

in that trunk were several things that were stole. - I had nothing back again but this bone perfume box, which I can't tell whether I took out of the trunk, or off the table at the Justice's.

MackEvoy. Pray, Sir, what clothes had I on then?

Hall. I cannot tell.

MackEvoy. What dress was I in?

Hall. You had a cap or a handkerchief tied about your head, I cannot tell which.

MackEvoy. Tis a strange case that a man should distinguish a man's face, when he could not tell whether he had a cap or a handkerchief on. Was the handkerchief down upon my face or no?

Hall. It was not down over your face, it was in the nature of a cap.

MackEvoy. Can a man have a handkerchief upon his head without its covering his face?

Hall. Yes, very easily.

William Cowland . I was the coachman, and Abraham Carter was along with me upon the coach box; I saw a man come up and he said to me, D - n your eyes stop, or I'll blow your brains out this minute, six or seven times over, (one came a little before the other, and before he stopped the coach, another came to the coach door) upon his saying these words I stopped; the first man demanded Carter off the box, and then demanded his watch and money, and robbed him.

Henry Gretton . I was in the coach with Mr. Hall, and saw a person come up to the coach with a pistol in his hand: I can't swear positively, but I verily believe MackEvoy is the person, he had (as Mr. Hall says) a cap or a handkerchief upon his head, but not a wig: he used the same expression as Mr. Hall says; when he put the pistol into the coach I endeavoured to secrete something as Mr. Hall did. After he had taken Mr. Hall's money, they took him out of the coach; then I saw two persons about him, and saw them very busy about his pockets - Rifling them.

Q. You say to the best of your remembrance that MackEvoy was one, can you say any thing to Ryley ?

Gretton. I said I believed it was MackEvoy; and I think the same of, Ryley, I have the same idea of both of them, but I can't positively swear to them: the moon was in and out, and the moon glistened against the pistol.

Q. Did you see ever another person there?

Gretton. Yes, I thought there were four persons in the robbery, I thought so all along; and Mr. Hall said then that he should know one of them. - Ryley had his hat flapped, and I think a dark wig on as he has now.

MackEvoy. Should you know me to be the person, if you were to meet me at any part of the town?

Hall. I really should, for I looked full in your face, and remember it particularly well.

Joshua Pickersgill . I was behind the coach: at the end of Frog-Lane I saw three men; one came up to the horse's heads, and the other to the coach side, and bid the people in the coach deliver their watches and money, and he that was at the horse's heads said he would blow their brains out - The first thing I saw them do was taking Mr. Hall out of the coach, and then they rifled him and took his coat, and after they had stripped him of his coat, one of them took off his hat and wig behind him - I believe the Prisoners are the men, they were about their bulk and stature, but I cannot swear to their faces. I heard Mr. Hall say at the Justice's, that he could swear to MackEvoy.

MackEvoy. Are there not other persons of my size and stature ?

Pickersgill. There may be so, but I verily believe you are the man.

MackEvoy. How many came up to you?

Pickersgill. There were three.

MackEvoy. The other gentleman says there were four.

Pickersgill. I am sure there were three, there might be more; they came rushing from the end of the lane up to the coach.

Captain Anthony Dodd . On Friday night last about five o'clock, MackEvoy came to me with a warrant signed by Justice Fraser, to demand one Patrick Askin out of the Savoy, who was a pressed man from the city: he had sworn before the Justice, that Patrick Askin had picked his pocket in the Savoy of 9 s. 2 d. I thought there was something more than ordinary in the case, and did not believe that he had picked his pocket. I went to Justice Fraser's, and came back again with a design to make an enquiry into it; one Mr. Morris came, and said he wanted to speak with Patrick Askin : he said there was a trunk left at his house and he could not open it for want of the key. I told Patrick Askin the mistrust we had, and then he desired to become an evidence, so we took his information: upon which we went between one and two in the morning, to Mr. Maddoxs's at the Two Chairmen in Drury-Lane, and took Mr. Ryley in bed; MackEvoy jumped out of the window, but he was taken before he could get off. I happened to hear the sash go, or else they would both have got out of the window, and probably have got off. Then we carried them to New-Prison in a coach my own three men, and Mr. Edwards and I went in the coach with them.

Q. Where did you find the trunk?

Captain Dodd . I sent one of my men for it to Mr. Morris's at the King's-Arms in Bishopsgate church-yard.

Q. Do you know whether they owned the trunk?

Captain Dodd . They did not - They did not confess any thing to me.

Prisoner Ryley. Askin said the trunk belonged to himself.

Captain Dodd . I wondered when MackEvoy wanted to take a man out for 9 s. 2 d. that there were four pounds given for: then I thought that some Irish men had a mind to rob us of all our men, and I bid him go out of the Savoy; he said he lived in Duke-Street, and that he was a gentleman of a great fortune.

MackEvoy. Why do you think 'tis an odd thing that I should demand a man that had robbed me of 9 s. 2 d. tell me upon your oath?

Capt. Dodd. You had the 9 s. 2 d. again.

MackEvoy. Stay, I have more questions to ask you, was it Ryley or I that jumped out of the window?

Captain Dodd . You were the man that was taken naked in the yard.

John Edwards . I was at the taking of Ryley and MackEvoy, at the Two Chairmen in Drury-Lane: MackEvoy jumped out of the window; after we had taken Ryley I had him below stairs in a box, and he desired to know whether he might not be admitted an evidence, and said if he could, he would confess every thing: I asked him whether he was at the robbing of Alderman Heathcote , and he said he was not: I asked him as to the robbing the coach by Frog-Lane, and I think he seemed to consent that he was there.

Ryley. Did not you tell me that my Evidence would go before Askin's, and desired if I knew any thing to tell you, and I told you I would tell all I knew?

Edwards. I don't remember I said your Evidence would go before Askin's, you asked if you could any ways be admitted an Evidence, and if you could be admitted an Evidence you would tell the whole. I said I did not know but you might.

Patrick Askin . That night, Luke Ryley , John MackEvoy , and myself met at the Pyed Bull in Whitecross Street, we went out and robbed some Gentlemen in the fields, then we went into Frog Lane and robbed a coach.

Q. Who went up to the coach first?

Askin. I went up to the coach first, and robbed the coachman [Cowland] and the other man that was with him.

Q. Who went up to the coach door first?

Askin. John MackEvoy .

Q. What did he do?

Askin. I don't know.

Q. What was Ryley doing?

Askin. I don't know.

Q. Were there three or four of you?

Askin. There were three of us - I was concerned in several other robberies - about twenty or thirty, I believe fifteen or sixteen of them have been committed in about six weeks last past.

Q. Would you ask him any questions?

Prisoner Ryley. I think it in vain to ask him any.

MackEvoy. We can prove him to be a vagabond and a vile fellow.

Askin. I have known Ryley about six weeks and MackEvoy about five months - We have been about five months in committing all these robberies.

Q. Have you been promised any reward to be an Evidence?

Askin. There have been no promises made me - I did it voluntarily, to save my life.

Q. Has there been any promise of pardon?

Askin. No.

Prisoner Ryley. Did not Capt. Dodd desire you to turn Evidence?

Askin. Capt. Dodd said he would save my life, he did not promise he would prevent my being a soldier.

Q. Was there a trunk found any where?

Askin. Yes, at Mr. Morris's - I sent it there by a Porter - 'tis my trunk.

Prisoner Ryley. Did Capt. Dodd say any thing of your having a reward?

Askin. No, he did not say any thing of that.

Q. Did you see Mr. Hall at the Justice's?

Askin. I saw him there.

Q. Did he take that little box [a little bone perfume box] off the table or out of the trunk?

Askin. I am sure he took it out of the trunk.

Jury. Do you remember what was taken from the Gentlemen in the coach?

Askin. I cannot remember - I had all the clothes given me - I had a barragon coat.

Q. Where did you divide these things?

Askin. At my lodging, at Mr. Frost's on the other side of the water.

John Thomas . I am a Constable of St. Giles's, on Friday night last between eleven and twelve, Capt. Dodd came with an information from Justice Fraser, to take two highwaymen at the two Chairmen in Drury Lane ; I said it was a very vile house (for I am afraid of going into that house when I go my rounds.) However we went into the house, and

MackEvoy jumped out of the window in his shirt and a handkerchief about his head; and the man of the house stood by the door of the room, where they were, in his shirt and said, I should not go into that room. But Capt. Dodd's men broke open the door, and I took Ryley covered over head and ears in bed, and this hanger was lying by his bed side. I was not careful enough to secure the hanger then, but the woman of the house put it into another room. The landlord had got into bed again, and I said to him, friend, you had better discover the fire-arms. He said there were no fire-arms, but a hanger in a trunk that belonged to Ryley, and we found these three hangers in the trunk.

Pris. Ryley. Did I offer to run away or resist in any way?

Thomas. No.

MackEvoy. Are you to turn Evidence, or do you design to be an Evidence?

Thomas. I will do any thing at any time in order to discover villainy.

MackEvoy. Do you expect any part of the reward?

Thomas. No not I, I don't want any reward.

Edward Frost . I live in Redcross Street in the Park Southwark.

Q. Who lodged at your house?

Frost. The Peacher.

Q. Call people by their names.

Frost. I am not able to think of their names. Last monday was sennight about eleven o'clock at night, Askin came home and the two men at the bar with him - I am sure it was on monday sennight - I am sure the Prisoners are the men, because they had been with him several times before. The manner of their coming was thus; Askin came to the door first, and said open the door and take away the light. I did not see any thing brought in for they went up in the dark - I knew who they were by their coming down together afterwards. Askin came down asked for a candle and went up again, and I thought I heard them telling of money. They all came down together I believe in about a quarter of an hour, and they all three sat down in a little room we have below and sent for two full pots of beer. After that Ryley took his leave of the other two and went home, and MackEvoy lodged all night with Askin. After these two went up, I having some suspicion that they were something worse than smugglers, as they pretended to be, stepped up stairs, looked through the door, and saw MackEvoy pull off his clothes and put on a scarlet coat. Those two rose about five or six o'clock in the morning and went out, but what they brought in or carried out I do not know.

Peter Burchall . I keep Blossoms Inn in Lawrence Lane , last Thursday [6th of Sept.] MackEvoy and another man with him, (a short thick man) came to my house and enquired for the Chester waggon, and whether he could not send a box by it. I said the Chester waggon was gone out, but the Liverpool waggon was in the yard and it might go by that; MackEvoy said that was much the same.

Q. Who brought the box?

Burchall. John MackEvoy brought the box. He asked how he could come at the box again at Liverpool : I told him I would give him a note to receive it there, and I gave him a note to receive it of the carrier at Liverpool , and I directed it by his order;

For Mr. John MackEvoy to be left at the Nagshead Inn in Liverpool till called for.

MackEvoy. Did I bring a box to your house?

Burchall. You are the person, and you gave me directions how to spell your name; you said I must make a large (M) then (ack) a great (E) a narrow bottomed (v) and (oy).

Q. Is this the box that was brought to your house?

Burchall. This is the box, I know it by the direction, and this is the box that was opened at Justice Fraser's. There were four watches taken out of it, three silver ones and a studded one, and some plate buttons, and there was a little Ivory Box taken out of it [Mr. Hall's box] - I never saw Ryley till now, and I never saw MackEvoy till he brought the box.

John Richardson . I was at the taking of the Prisoners. I heard somebody jump out of the window and saw MackEvoy in his shirt; I took hold of his shirt and it tore. I took hold of him again and said if he did not stop I would shoot him, and then he begged for his life. Luke Ryley was brought down stairs and sat down in a box, and desired to know if he could not be admitted an Evidence. Mr. Edwards told him he did not know but he might if he made a discovery. He asked him if he robbed Alderman Heathcote, he said no. He asked him if he robbed the coach at Islington, and he told him he did, and that he would make large discoveries if he was admitted an Evidence.

Pris. Ryley. Was not you and that Gentleman [Mr. Edwards] pumping me and desiring me to become an Evidence?

Richardson. We did so. I did ask you to turn Evidence.

Panton Maurice. I live at the King's-arms in

Bishopsgate Church-yard . Last Thursday was sennight about twelve o'clock at noon, there was a trunk brought with a direction to be left at the King's-arms in Bishopsgate Church-yard . I went up stairs into a large drinking room, and there was the Evidence Askin, and the two Prisoners together. I asked them if any of them owned a trunk that was ordered to be left at my house, and Askin said it was his trunk, that he had some clothes in it and designed to send it to an Inn to go to West Chester. I had a letter from Capt. Dodd to bring the trunk to Justice Fraser's, and it was carried there afterwards; there were in it three silver watches, a silver snuff-box, &c.

Q. Was there a baragon coat in it?

Maurice. I cannot swear to any coat, there were several coats there.

Pris. Ryley. I am no ways concerned in it: did I give you any charge of any thing?

Maurice. No, you said nothing - I saw them all there once or twice before.

Pris. Ryley. Mr. Maurice knows me.

Maurice. I have seen him several times, and have heard he is a Gentleman's son. Both guilty Death .

John MackEvoy.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-49

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404. + John MackEvoy , of St. John Hackney , was indicted (with Christopher Askin not taken) for assaulting John Gostelow on the highway, putting him in fear and taking from him a watch, value 3 l. the property of Thomas Cox , and 2 s. 6 d. in money , the property of the said John Gostelow , August 15th .

John Gostelow . I am coachman to Alderman Heathcote. On the 15th of August, I was driving the Alderman to Walthamslow , and going over Hackney marsh about the midway between the bridge and Hummerton gate, about nine o'clock at night three or four men came up to the coach on foot; the first man that came up clapped a pistol to me, and said if I stirred another step he would blow my brains out.

Q. Is the Prisoner the person?

Gostelow. I believe he is not, but I can't be positive; then another person came to me, put his hand in my pocket, and took my watch and 2 s. 6 d. in money.

Alderman Heathcote. Did he take only the watch out of your pocket, or the money and watch both?

Gostelow. I believe he took both; but I cannot be positive - my back was towards them, and I had some difficulty to keep the horses quiet, that I had no opportunity of making much observation.

Q. Had the person that came up to you and took your watch and money any pistol in his hand?

Gostelow. I did not observe that he had.

Q. Did they rob the coach first or you first?

Gostelow . There were some of them robbing the coach, but whether they robbed it at the same time or a little before or a little after I cannot tell - after they had robbed me, they turned about and did not return any more - they went off towards the gate, towards Hack ney.

Q. Is the watch your own?

Gostelow. It is mine and it is not - it was in pawn to me for about two guineas - when I was paid the two guineas I was to return the watch.

Patrick Askin . On the 15th of August, MackEvoy, Christopher Askin and I went into Hackney marsh, and about nine o'clock at night we saw a coach. I went up before to see what sort of a coach it was, and I believe Christopher Askin stopped the coach - the Prisoner and Christopher Askin had pistols, and I had a hanger.

Q. Who robbed the coachman?

Askin. John MackEvoy robbed him of his watch, and I robbed him of his money - MackEvoy had the coachman's watch for his share.

Prisoner. Was it one person that robbed you or were there two?

Gostelow. I think it was one person that robbed me both of watch and money.

Q. to Askin. You say you took his money.

Askin. Yes, I got up upon the coach box and took his money.

Q. Who robbed the coach?

Askin. John MackEvoy .

Q. Did he rob the Alderman before he robbed the coachman?

Askin. Yes.

Q. to Gostelow. Was your master robbed first or you?

Gostelow. Really I can't say, I think it was at the same time.

Q. Was it the same man that robbed the Alderman, that robbed you?

Gostelow. It was dark, I could not tell.

Askin. After I had taken the coachman's money I rifled the footman. Then we went towards Hackney, and went that night to the blue Lion in Red-Lion Street.

Alderman Heathcote. Did the coachman readily deliver his watch?

Askin. No, he was very unwilling to deliver it.

Alderman Heathcote. How came he to deliver it then?

Askin. I believe, because you said, give him the watch and I'll make you satisfaction for it.

Q. to Gostelow. Did the man that bid you stand stay till the coach was robbed, or did he go away directly?

Gostelow . He went off a little way, and came up again .

Prisoner. Was Alderman Heathcote's footman robbed of any thing?

Askin. He was robbed of some money . - I can't tell how much, because we committed several robberies that night; I put all the money together.

[Alderman Heathcote made a motion to speak.]

Prisoner. I beg your silence, Mr. Alderman Heathcote, if you please; I desire Askin may be asked, whether he took a watch from Alderman Heathcote's footman?

Askin. No, I did not take a watch from him, if I had twenty watches I would not deny that I had them.

Alderman Heathcote. Did not you search my fingers for rings?

Askin. I came up to you and asked for your rings, and you said you had none, and I took your Honour's word.

Alderman Heathcote. My chariot was stopped in Hackney-Marsh , about the middle of the marsh between the bridge and Hummerton-Gate . One of the persons who came up to the chariot door, and presented a pistol into the chariot, had my money and my watch, and took me out of the chariot and rifled my pockets: I saw one of them at the wheel of the chariot, and heard him say he would blow my coachman's brains out, if he would not give him the watch. I was afraid he would do the coachman some mischief, as he did not readily give him the watch, and (as the Evidence has declared) I desired him to give him the watch, and I would pay him for it. Upon which, my Lord, I believe the coachman either gave them the watch, or suffered them to take it from him - He told me he had lost a watch.

Q. Did not you look at the person that robbed you?

Alderman Heathcote. I looked at him a little as he was by the side of the chariot, but I did not look much at him, because I thought he might think I did it with a view of bringing him to justice.

Prisoner. Please to ask Mr. Alderman Heathcote whether his footman lost his watch?

Alderman Heathcote. I can't tell what my footman lost; he told me he lost a watch, and I advertised it according to the description he gave me of it.

Jury. Mr. Alderman, had two of them pistols?

Alderman Heathcote. I only saw one pistol that I could distinguish.

Prisoner . I desire Alderman Heathcote's footman may be called?

Jonathan Trevethan . I was the footman behind the coach.

Q. Was you robbed of any thing?

Trevethan. I was robbed of three shillings and a silver watch.

John Thomas the Constable. I was at Justice Fraser's and saw a box there with several watches and other things in it.

Q. Did MackEvoy own the box to be his?

Thomas. No, he did not - I can't tell whose the box was; I opened the box and took out four watches, and I took three out of another box the Saturday before. [The box that had been in the possession of MackEvoy was produced.]

Q. Did Gostelow challenge one of the watches?

Thomas. Yes.

Q. Is this the box the coachman challenged his watch out of?

Thomas. This is the same box?

Peter Burchall gave evidence to the same effect as on the preceding trial; that on Thursday the 6th of September, the Prisoner came to his house and brought a box, and said his name was John MackEvoy , and that by his order he directed it for Mr. John MackEvoy , to be left at the Nag's-Head-Inn in Liverpool , till called for. That he saw that box opened at Justice Fraser's, and is the same box the Prisoner left with him; that there were four watches taken out of the box, and that Gostelow challenged one of those watches as his.

Q. Who took the box from your house to Justice Fraser's?

Burchall. I believe it was Alderman Heathcote's Beadle that broke open my counting-house, and took it up there.

Prisoner. I have witnesses to prove where I was at the time they charge me with these things, but they are in the country, so your Lordship may go on with my trial as you please. Guilty . Death .

405, 406. + Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , of St. George Hanover-Square , were indicted for assaulting Joseph Hazard , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a fustian frock with twelve silver buttons, value 20 s. a watch, value 40 s. and 3 s. in money , the property of the said Joseph Hazard , August 28 .

Joseph Hazard . On the 28th of August as I was going over the five fields to Chelsea , two men

came up to me with pistols in their hands, one presented one of them on one side of my head, and the other presented the other pistol on the other side. - They held them I believe about two inches from my head, one of them had a hanger drawn: I can't tell whether both of them had; one of them said either your money or your watch immediately, but I can't tell which. I said, gentlemen, I will give you my money directly, and I gave them 3 s. or 3 s. 6 d. in silver; then they asked me for my watch and my gold. I told them I had no watch, for I had put it into my coat pocket; they said they must search me: one of them put his hand into my breeches pocket, and took out a 36 s. piece with some keys. I asked them for the keys, and they returned them; they searched my coat on each side and felt nothing; then they insisted upon having the coat, and they took it from me with my watch in one of the pockets, and went away directly.

Q. Was there any other man with them?

Hazard. I saw but two of them: I met a single person before, but he did not say any thing to me. I saw my watch and my buttons at Justice Fraser's. This is my watch and these are my buttons.

Q. Do you know the Prisoners faces?

Hazard. I don't know their faces, their hats were quite flapped over them; it was very dark, they were much about the same size as the Prisoners.

Patrick Askin called.

Q. Do you know of any robbery that you committed on the 28th of August.

Askin. I know of a robbery about that time, but I can't tell the day - It was on a Monday or a Tuesday: Luke Ryley , John MackEvoy , and I, set out from the Two Chairman in Drury-Lane in order to rob: we went Chelsea way. I was coming towards London between 8 and 9 at night, a good way before them, to see if there was any watch upon the road. I saw a man coming, and turned back and met Luke Ryley and John MackEvoy in the second field; they told me they had robbed a man of his watch, a coat, hat and wig, and blamed me because I did not give them notice of the man as he came by me - It was a fustian frock about my size with silver buttons.

Ryley. Ask the Prosecutor whether he lost a hat and wig?

Hazard. No, I did not.

Q. What makes you say that they told you they robbed him of a hat and wig?

Askin. We had so many hats and wigs that I might make a mistake - They said they robbed him of a 36 s. piece - We took a watch from a coachman one Strutton, and then divided the booty.

Q. Who had Hazard's watch!

Askin. John MackEvoy had the watch and buttons, Ryley had the Portugal piece of gold. - MackEvoy bought the buttons for 16 s and I bought the coat for 8 s. the money was divided between us.

Ryley. You said just now we robbed the man of his hat and wig, were there any other robberies that we committed that night?

Askin. We stopped another man on horseback that night and fired at him, but did not rob him. - We gave a coat and a snuff box to Ryley's man.

Q. Did he keep a man?

Askin. Yes, I forget his name, he was his servant, he brought him from Ireland.

John Thomas . There were several watches taken out of this box, but I don't know whether this watch was - Mr. Hazard's watch.

Mr. Burchall gave evidence as on the former trials, that MackEvoy brought this box to his house, and that he saw Mr. Hazard's watch and buttons taken out of it at the Justice's.

John Thomas . I had this key of Captain Dodd , and this is the key that belongs to the box.

John Dell . These keys [there were three keys produced] I took out of Ryley's breeches pocket while he was in bed - This is the key that opened the box, the buttons were taken out of.

Ryley. What do you know it by?

Dell. I know it by a dent in it.

Ryley. How do you know the breeches you took the keys out of, were my breeches?

Dell. Because you owned the breeches, MackEvoy's breeches were leather.

Ryley. I asked you for a mark upon the keys, and you will not tell me any.

MackEvoy. Gentlemen of the Jury, please to hear me; that key is mine and I can give the description of it before I see it: was there a string to it or no?

Dell. Two of them were tied together with a reddish string, but the other bright key that opened the box had no string. Guilty Death .

The following bills of indictment were found against the Prisoners, but they were not tried upon any of them.

+ Luke Ayley , and John MackEvoy , of St. Mary Islington , were indicted for assaulting William Cowland on the highway, and taking from him 18 s. in money his property , September 3 .

+ Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , were

indicted for assaulting Abraham Carter on the highway, and taking from him a perriwig, value 8 s. a cloth coat, 5 s. a waistcoat, 2 s. 6 d. and 20 s. in money his property, and a silver watch, 30 s. the goods of Charles Moulder , September 3.

+ Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , were indicted for assaulting Joshua Pickersgill on the highway, and taking from him a whip, value 5 s. and a pair of silver knee buckles, his property , September 3 .

+ Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , were indicted for assaulting Henry Gretton on the highway, and taking from him a coat, value 15 s. a waistcoat, 5 s. a cane, 10 s. and 6 s. in money his property , September 3.

+ Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , of St. Mary Islington, were indicted for assaulting James Francis Dewitt , in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 20 s. a pair of silver knee buckles, 3 s. a perriwig, 20 s. a ring, 20 s. and other things, four guineas, and 15 s. in money, his property , September 3.

+ Luke Gyley , and John MackEvoy , of St. Mary Islington, were indicted for assaulting James Malo , in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a silver snuff box, value 30 s. a silver watch and chain, 40 s. a pair of silver shoe buckles, 10 s. a pair of silver knee buckles, 5 s. a silver stock buckle, 3 s. a coat, a hat, and a bond from Francis Carrington , in the penalty of 150 l. for the payment of 75 l. on a future day, and 16 s. in money his property , September 3.

+ Luke Gyley , and John MackEvoy , were indicted for assaulting John Brewer in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a snuff box, value 6 d. and 24 s. 6 d. in money his property , September 3.

+ Luke Ryley , and John MackEvoy , of Pancras , were (a 10th time) indicted for assaulting William Cole , in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a hat, value 1 s. a perriwig, 1 s. a cloth coat, 20 s. a stock, 1 s. and a pair of chrystal buttons, 2 s. his property , September 5 .

+ John MackEvoy , of St. John Hackney, (with Christopher Askin not taken) was indicted for assaulting George Heathcote , Esq ; on the highway, and taking from him a gold watch with a gold chain and two seals, value 20 l. a snuff box, 5 s. a sword, 3 s. a hat, 10 s. a pair of buttons, &c. two guineas and 2 s. in money , August 15 .

+ John MackEvoy (with Christopher Askin not taken) was indicted for assaulting Jonathan Trevethan on the highway, and taking from him a silver watch, value 4 l. and 3 s. in money , Aug 15.

+ John MackEvoy , of St. Mary Whitechapel , was indicted (with Christopher Askin not taken) for assaulting John Hannam , in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a silver watch, value 40 s. and six shillings in money his property , August 4 .

+ John MackEvoy (with Christopher Askin not taken) was indicted for assaulting Erasmus Watkins in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a watch, value 40 s a hat, a perriwig, and 14 s. 6 d. in money his property , August 4 .

+ John MackEvoy , was indicted for assaulting William Strutton , in a field or open place near the King's highway, and taking from him a silver watch, value 3 l. and 9 s. in money his property , August 30 .

John Peirson, Joseph Fitzwalter.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-51

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407, 408. John Peirson , and Joseph Fitzwalter , of St. Sepulchres , were indicted for assaulting Henry Jones on the King's highway, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a hat, value 5 s. a perriwig, value 5 s. and 5 s. 6 d. in money , the property of the said Henry Jones , September 9 .

Henry Jones . I had business to do last Sunday in Whitechappel, and returning home in the evening with William Berry over Moorfields, it rained, and we went in and drank a pot of beer; going down Long-Lane between 9 and 10 o'clock, Berry stopped to do his occasions and I went on a little before. As soon as I came to the cross way to go into Hosier-Lane , I was stopped on the highway by three fellows; the Prisoners are two of them, and the other was a lusty fellow; he laid hold of my breast, and I said, what do you want? Another came up to me and said, he wanted my money - That genleman there in the blue, Peirson; and he bid Fitzwalter put his hand in my pocket, and see what money I had got, and said if I said any thing he would rip me open.

Q. Had he a knife in his hand?

Jones. I believe he had a knife in his hand: Berry was then coming along, and I cried, hollo, Mr. Berry! and then the lusty fellow jumped over the rails with my hat and wig.

Q. Did either of the Prisoners put his hand in your pocket?

Jones. Yes, Fitzwalter did, and took out 5 s. 6 d. then Mr. Berry came up; I laid hold of Fitzwalter, and Berry laid hold of Peirson; we endeavoured

to get them to a publick house to secure them, and up came four or five lusty fellows and said, D - n your eyes let them go, or we will cut you as small as sausages - They had something in their hands, but I can't tell whether they were knives or swords, and we were obliged to let them go to preserve our lives, but they were taken again on Tuesday night.

Q. How came you to know them again as it was so late in the night?

Jones. The lamps were very light - I am sure the Prisoners are the persons; I took particular notice of them and of their cloaths.

William Berry . Mr. Jones and I went out together last Sunday, and returning home going down Long-Lane, I had occasion to ease myself and he kept on. In about two or three minutes I came up with him, and he was by the rounds near Hosier-Lane, I said, Hollo, Mr. Jones! said he, I am robbed. I took hold of this boy in the blue coat [Peirson] and Jones took hold of him in the green [ Fitzwalter ] one had an apron on hanging down, and the other had something about him tucked up. I saw Jones without his hat and wig; then four or five fellows came up to us and said, What are you going to do with those boys? One of them had a stick and jobbed it in my face, and they said they would cut us as small as sausages if we did not let them go, and indeed I was glad to let them go. - I saw something glisten, but whether it was a sword or a hanger I cannot tell - I know these are the persons, because we had them a minute or two under a lamp in Smithfield. The Tuesday following I saw the Prisoners in the fair in Southwark, and I said to one that was there, these chaps robbed a friend of mine last Sunday. I dogged them out of the fair to St. Margaret's-Hill, and then took them; and Peirson said in the coach as we were coming along, that we could not hurt them, for they did nothing but pick pockets of handkerchiefs - They said they lived in Black Boy-Alley.

Peirson. We have no witnesses, we have none but our own dear selves. Both Guilty Death .

Peirson. I am between fourteen and fifteen years old.

Fitzwalter . I was thirteen years old last July.

The Jury on account of their youth, recommended them to the Court as objects of his Majesty's mercy.

Adrian Hambagh.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-52
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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410. + Adrian Hambagh , otherwise Kambagh , late of the Liberty of the Tower of London, in the County of Middlesex, was indicted for that he, not having the fear of God before his eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil, on the 4th day of September , in the 18th year of his Majesty's reign, with force and arms at the said parish in the said county, in and upon one Thomas Kempton , in the peace of God and our said Lord the King, then and there being feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did make an assault, and that he the said Adrian Hambagh , otherwise Kambagh, with a certain knife made of iron and steel, of the value of one penny, which he the said Adrian then and there had and held in his right hand; him the said Thomas Kempton in and upon the back of him the said Thomas Kempton , under the right shoulder of him the said Thomas, then and there feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did strike and stab, giving to him the said Thomas Kempton , then and there with the knife aforesaid, in and upon the back of him the said Thomas Kemp ton, under the right shoulder of him the said Thomas, one mortal wound of the breadth of one inch, and of the depth of four inches, of which mortal wound the said Thomas Kempton , at the said liberty, in the said county, and at the parish of St. Mary Mat-Fellon, in the county aforesaid, from the said 4th day of September of the said year, until the 8th day of September of the same year did languish, and languishing did live, on which said 8th day of September in the said year, the said Thomas Kempton at the said parish of St. Mary Mat-Fellon, in the said county, of the said mortal wound did die, and that he the said Adrian Hambagh , otherwise Kambagh, him the said Thomas Kempton , in manner and form aforesaid, feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did kill and murder, against his Majesty's peace, his crown and dignity .

To which he pleaded not guilty, and put himself to be tried by God and this country.

He was a second time charged by virtue of the Coroner's inquisition for the murder of the said Thomas Kempton .

Jeremiah Hartcup . On the 4th of this instant about six o'clock in the evening, the deceased and I were walking on little Tower-hill, I saw the Prisoner in company with a woman standing close to the houses. After I had passed the Prisoner, I walked I believe about ten yards and missed my companion (the deceased) I looked back and saw the deceased

talking to the Prisoner, upon which having a suspicion of a quarrel, I came back again and interposed between the Prisoner and the deceased. I got between the deceas'd and the Prisoner without saying any thing to him or he to me, seeing the knife drawn and having no weapon of defence, neither sword nor stick, I went back, and going back the Prisoner made a stab at me with his knife; upon his making the push at me I got upon the hill, where I saw six or seven Gentlemen with sticks or cane in their hands, upon which I related the affair to them and begged one of them to lend me a stick to defend my life, which I apprehended to be in danger and borrowed one; I came back to the Prisoner (who I still saw with his knife drawn) and said to him, You villain, if you don't put up your knife I'll knock you down - I held the stick up at him but did not strike him. The Prisoner upon my threatning him in this manner put his knife up; upon which I was going to return the stick to the Gentleman I borrowed it of, but before I gave it to him I met with another Dutchman (as I suppose by his apparel) and he had one of his hands in the side pocket of his breeches. Then I heard some people cry out for me to take care of my self for he had his hand upon a knife, upon which I bid him keep off or I would knock him down, and the man did not offer to come any further; so I looked back and saw the Prisoner pursuing the deceased, who was retreating backwards.

* The Prisoner being a Dutchman [a sailor who lately came home with Commodore Anson] and not understanding English, an interpreter was sworn.

Q. Had the deceased a stick in his hand?

Hartcup. The deceased had a stick in his hand and kept going backwards, and the Prisoner with a knife in his hand was pursuing him - I saw the deceased make some blows at the Prisoner at that time with a stick - I can't say whether he struck him or no; upon which the Prisoner rushed upon the deceased, got on his left side and stabbed him in the back.

Q. Did he close with him or hold him?

Hartcup. The Prisoner put his left hand to the fore part of the deceased's body, and put his right hand behind him and stabbed him in the back, upon which the Prisoner run into the sign of the Hamburgh-arms . I seeing what was done pursued him as fast as I could, and came up to the door of the house, but was refused admittance and I could not get in; then I returned back to the deceased and he was carried into Justice Willoughby's brewhouse yard: I saw him there lying upon some boards. I believe Mr. Willoughby sent for a Surgeon and he examined the wound - it was under his right shoulder and bled pretty much. I attended him to the Infirmary in Goodmans-fields . About an hour and half after the thing was done, as I was going up stairs with him I asked him how he did; the answer he made me was, that he should die, and he repeated it often that he should die and was a dead man - the deceased was a soldier, I was conscious he would die and I sat myself down by his bed-side - this might be about three hours after the wound was received: I asked him whether he gave the first offence, the answer he made me was, as I hope for mercy I did not offend him at all [that is the Prisoner]. He said he saw a woman in the Prisoner's company and passed them, but the passage being very narrow he believed he might touch both the Prisoner and the woman, and at that instant of time he received a blow from the Prisoner with a stick; this the deceased alledged to me was the Reason of his first stopping; this is all I have to say, my Lord - the deceased was a very civil man, had not been above a month in the regiment, and had an estate in the country of 33 l. a year .

John Hagar . I am a labourer at the Victualling-office, about half an hour after six I saw the deceased and the Prisoner at the Hamburgh-arms door. There the Prisoner drew his knife and followed the deceased about twelve yards. I said to the deceased take care of yourself or he will stick you: I believe I said so three or four times. Soon after I had given him this caution, the Prisoner jumped upon the deceased and stabbed him in the back - The deceased had a stick in his hand, but did not strike the Prisoner, as the Prisoner pursued him he held his stick up (as I believe) to keep his guard in his own defence.

Fortune Willoughby. I happened to hear a noise and run to the gate of the brew-house yard, and I saw the deceased strike the Dutchman two blows with a stick, he offered to strike a third time and his arm fell down. Upon that the deceased clapp'd his left hand to his coat and waistcoat, unbuttoned it and pulled it off, and the blood came through his shirt from his right shoulder down to his breeches; then the landlady of the Hamburgh-arms came out and took the Prisoner into the house. With that the deceased's comrade [Hartcup] came up and broke the windows and the mob rose so high that I thought they would have pulled the house down - I believe Hartcup did it for fear they should favour the escape of the Prisoner - I did not see any thing before the two blows, but I thought this was a very peaceable Dutchman to take two blows without striking again, not knowing that the deceased had received a wound before - when he came into the yard he was very bad; a Surgeon came to examine the wound and I looked on it, which I

was sorry I did, for I never saw such a wound in my life - it was a sort of a triangle. The deceased was carried to the Infirmary.

Mary Mayhew . Coming by the Ditch-side, I saw a great multitude of people, and saw a Dutchman with a knife in his hand following a man. His hand was round the handle of the knife and he closed in upon him; - he put his hand to the forepart of his body and jobbed the knife into his back, and then gave his hand a turn - whether it was to pull it out, or to put it in farther I cannot say, and as soon as he had stabbed him, he went into the Hamburgh arms .

Robert Stevens . I am a labourer belonging to the Victualling-office. As I was coming along I saw a great crowd and the deceased retiring backwards, and the Prisoner pursuing him with a knife in his hand - the deceased had a stick in his hand and did hold it up, but I did not see him strike; then the Dutchman stabbed him in the same manner as the other witnesses have related.

Q. Do you know whether the deceased had struck the Prisoner before?

Stevens. I did not see a blow struck: the deceased did offer to strike him; but the Prisoner closed in upon him and stabbed him.

Mr. Harrison. The unhappy fellow the deceased was brought into the London Infirmary on Tuesday the 4th of September. I did not see him that night, my brother Surgeon of the Infirmary dressed him. The next day I took off the dressing and observed a wound in the back about an inch in length at a small distance from the Spine. I did not see that it bled at that time or that it had bled in the night; but upon enlarging the external wound, I perceived that it penetrated into the cavity of the breast between the 10th and 11th ribs through which I could very easily pass my finger next day at the dressing of the wound; upon opening of the wound there was so large a discharge of blood that the man fainted with the loss of it. I took a proper method to prevent a greater effusion being apprehensive of fatal consequences. The symptoms of death encreased so fast that I thought it impossible to do him any good, and he died on Saturday night.

Q. Was the wound made at once?

Harrison. It was made at once, for the knife came out in the same direction it went in: I opened the body on Sunday night, and then I made farther discoveries, which confirmed me in the opinion that the wound was the occasion of his death.

Q. According to the account that has been given of the wound it was just under the right shoulder.

Harrison. That account is erroneous.

Q. What was the depth of the wound?

Harrison. I imagine the depth of the wound to be about four inches. The knife must have passed between those ribs through the Diaphragma and wounded the liver; there was a wound in the liver of near two inches in depth and one in width, and I am very certain that wound was the immediate cause of his death.

Q. Did he bleed much inwardly?

Harrison. The cavity of the Thorax might contain at that time a quart or three pints of blood besides what he must have lost before.

Q. Did you hear the deceased make any declarations as to the occasion of this accident?

Harrison. He told me he had not given any offence to this Dutchman either by word or deed, and if he had brushed against him or given him any shove, it must have been inadvertently and undesignedly in passing by. - He was very sensible at the time he made this declaration.

The Prisoner in his defence said, he was at Mrs. Stepperfields, and saw two or three men walking on Tower-hill, that one of them [the deceased] u gainst him, that he asked him why he ran so rudely against him, the other answered him by cursing and swearing and threatning him, to which the Prisoner answered, You must not use me so, you must not speak against my life, that the deceased had a stick and struck him two or three times, and the other soldier [Hartcup] coming up, he was necessitated to draw his knife in his defence; but does not know that he wounded the deceased.

Mary Stepperfield . I keep the Hamburgh-arms . I saw the Prisoner and the deceased at words, the Prisoner gave his stick away and said what do you intend to fight? Then the deceased said, what does that son of a bitch come upon the Hill for? In the mean while another Dutchman took hold of the Prisoners arm to keep him from fighting, then the deceased run and snatched a stick out of another person's hand, came behind him and struck him three or four blows over his head, and he had nothing to defend himself with, so he put his right hand into his pocket and drew his knife, and said, take care of your self, keep off, and then jumped at him under the left arm, and stabbed him.

Q. Did the Prisoner speak in English or Dutch?

Stepperfield. He spoke in Dutch.

Q. Did not you see the Prisoner pursue the deceased?

Stepperfield. No, not at all - the Dutchman had done nothing at all to the deceased that I know of - I did not see the first blow, I saw the deceased give the Prisoner two blows before the accident happened.

Q. How far might they be from one another, before the Prisoner stabbed him?

Stepperfield . Not above two yards at the highest.

Q. I would ask you whether at the time the Prisoner said keep off, he was not following the deceased ?

Stepperfield. He run up to him, he had his knife in his hand then, to do something or other.

Q. When was the first time the soldier struck the Dutchman?

Stepperfield. Just before the thing was done - the Prisoner did not pursue the deceased before the deceased struck him.

Q. When the Dutchman said keep off, did not the deceased retire?

Stepperfield. No, he did not; the Prisoner had turned his face to my house in order to go away, and the deceased struck him two or three blows, then the Prisoner turned upon him - both the Soldiers had struck him before he drew his knife - After he had stabbed the deceased, Hartcup came and broke all the windows in the house.

Hartcup. There were but three panes of glass broke.

John Christian Bremer . [being a foreigner his Evidence was given by the Interpreter]. I came out of Stepperfield's house and saw the Prisoner in trouble, I said what have you to do with them? I took him away pretty near to Stepperfield's house, and then both the Soldiers came up to him, and both of them struck him upon his head till he reeled; I was in fear of being struck by them, so I left the Prisoner. The Prisoner seeing himself alone drew his knife and stabbed him in the manner you have heard.

Q. I would ask you whether you did not see the deceased retire, and the Prisoner pursuing him with his knife in his hand?

Bremer. No, I did not; before the Prisoner stabbed him, he said, beware (in Dutch) and one of the Soldiers, (I think it was the deceased) gave him two or three blows more after the wound was given - both the Soldiers beat him before the wound was given.

Francis Stedt . I am a Hamburgh man. I saw a Soldier [Hartcup] fighting with another Sailor. After that one of the Soldiers gave the Prisoner such a terrible blow on the head, that he had like to have tumbled down - the deceased struck the Prisoner before he drew his knife, and then the Prisoner gave him a push in the back - whether he had a knife or no I can't tell - he went under and struck him in the back - both the Soldiers struck the Prisoner before he gave the wo .

Elizabeth Henry (servant to Stepperfield ) I was going out of my mistress's house and saw the Prisoner running to come in. The deceased came behind him and gave him three blows with a stick which made him reel; the Prisoner asked him whether he had a mind to fight? the deceased said, yes, then the deceased struck him again - Upon that the Prisoner immediately put his hand into his pocket, but I can't tell whether he drew his knife or not.

Q. Do you understand Dutch?

Henry. No, Sir.

Q. You say you don't understand Dutch, how could you tell what the Dutchman said?

Henry. A little I do, I could understand that; he spoke half Dutch and half English.

Thomas Way. I was at the Hamburgh-Arms , and hearing a noise I went out, and saw a man in a white coat, and a red waistcoat [the deceased] push the Prisoner with his arm; the Prisoner asked him in Dutch if he would fight - The deceased had no stick, but he jumped over the way and took a stick with a nob at the end of it from another person, and gave the Prisoner three or four strokes over the head, so that he could hardly stand (there was another Dutchman by, and he went away for fear he should have some other blows) then the deceased gave the Prisoner some other blows. The Dutchman put his hand to his head to put his hat right, and then put his hand in his pocket and spoke a word that I did not understand - During all this time the deceased was not wounded at all.

Christopher Robinson (a Dutchman.) I lodge at the Hamburgh-Arms , I saw Hartcup give the Prisoner the first blow with a stick - The deceased struck him at the same time, and gave him several blows before he offered to pull out his knife.

Maltus Schutz. The Prisoner has lodged with me nine or ten weeks, I never saw him quarrelsom in my life, he was so far from that, that he used to keep peace among his companions.

- Downes (Constable.) I am pretty much in this house, and have seen the Prisoner frequently there, he always behaved well and had the best of characters.

Q. to Hartcup. I ask you before such time as the wound was given to the deceased, did you strike the Prisoner?

Hartcup. No, upon my oath - I never gave him any one blow at all; and no blow was given (that I saw) till the wound was given.

Q. Did you see Sarah Stepperfield there?

Hartcup. I did not see her till after the wound was given; she came out of the house, but there

was no body at the door till after the wound was given.

Jury. Are you sure the deceased did not strike the Prisoner?

Hartcup. No, I am not sure of that.

The Jury brought in their verdict Manslaughter .

[Branding. See summary.]

Ann Hocks.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-53
VerdictNot Guilty

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411. + Ann Hocks , otherwise Hawhswell , otherwise called Ann, the wife of Dincent Matthews , of Ealing , otherwise Zealing , was indicted for assaulting Moses Brotherton , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, on the 8th day of February last, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him one promissory note , commonly called a bank note, N. 100. subscribed with the name Andrew Prime , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, bearing date London the 16th day of January 1743, of the value of 20 l. by which same note he the said Andrew Prime , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, did promise to pay to Matthew Collett or bearer on demand, the sum of 20 l. One bill of exchange, commonly called a bank post-bill, N. D. 4410. subscribed with the name Daniel Race , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, bearing date London the 6th day of February 1743, of the value of 50 l. in and by which same note he the said Daniel Race , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, at seven days fight, did promise to pay that his sola bill of exchange to the Rev. Mr. John Stacey and Micajah Towgood , or order, 50 l. sterling, value received of Mr. William Hart . And one other bill of exchange, commonly called a bank post-bill, N. D. 4409. subscribed with the name Daniel Race , for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, bearing date London, the 6th day of February 1743, of the value of 50 l. in and by which same last mentioned note, he the said Daniel Race for the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, at seven days sight, did promise to pay that his sola bill of exchange to the Rev. Mr. John Stacey and Micajah Towgood or order 50 l. sterling, value received of Mr. William Hart , the same note commonly called a bank note, at the time of committing the said felony, being the property of William Horneck gentleman; and the said two bills of exchange, then being the property of the abovenamed William Hart , and the said sum of 20 l. on the same note payable and secured, and the said sums of 50 l. and 50 l. on the said bills of exchange respectively payable and secured, being then respectively due and unsatisfied, to the aforesaid respective proprietors thereof, against the peace of the King, &c. and against the form of the statute.

Moses Brotherton . On the 8th day of February last I was going from the Post Office with the Western mail to Staines - Joseph Tapping and I were together; and upon Turnham-Green a person in man's clothes on horseback came up to me.

Q. Did the person ride a straddle?

Brotherton. Yes; Joseph Tapping the other boy was stopped first, and the person told him there was something in the mail that belonged to him, and Tapping said if there was he should not have it - Then the person stopped me, and said I must go along with him and he would not hurt me, then I was carried into a great field about half a mile out of the way; to the side of a great gravel pit, and the person desired me to jump down that place; I told him I could not, but at last I jumped down - He made me jump down, for he was going to draw a pistol at me.

Q. Did you jump down with your horse?

Brotherton. I sat on my horse and jumped down, I can't say I jumped down, for I tumbled down; then the person opened the mail and took out the Exeter bag and the Portsmouth bag.

Q. Did the person stay with you after that?

Brotherton. She put her hand in her pocket, and gave me a shilling.

Prisoner's Council. What makes you say, her?

Brotherton. Because I took her to be a woman.

Council. What made you think so?

Brotherton. I thought so by her voice and her hand.

Council. Why by her hand?

Brotherton. Because it was a soft hand.

Council. How do you know it was a soft hand.

Brotherton. Bec ause she took hold of my hand when I was in the pit.

Council. What did she take hold of your hand for?

Brotherton. She shook hands with me.

Council. Look at that woman with the child in her arms, and see whether you think she is the person?

Brotherton. I can't be positive to the person - The person had a crape over her face; and a long white wig on.

Q. Can you give any description of the clothes the person had on, or of the horse?

Brotherton. Yes, the person had on a blue great coat, and rode upon a bald faced sorrel horse.

Q. Have you heard the Prisoner speak since?

Brotherton. Yes, and I believe her to be e same person.

Q. Why do you take her to be the same person?

Brotherton . By her voice, Sir.

Jury. How long was it after the 8th of February before you saw the Prisoner again?

Brotherton . I believe it was about a month - At Sir Thomas de Veil's.

Q. When you were with her there, had you any apprehension that the voice was the same?

Brotherton . Yes, Sir?

Q. And you take upon you to swear that you thought then it was the same voice?

Brotherton. I cannot swear 'tis the same voice. - I said to Sir Thomas de Veil that I thought it to be the same voice.

Q. What time did this thing happen?

Brotherton. Between six and seven in the morning - I believe I did not go out of the office till five.

Q. Where did you go after you were robbed?

Brotherton. I went to Staines - I told them I had been robbed - I did not say any thing of it's being a woman's voice there - I did when I came to London to Mr. Robinson the Sollicitor to the Post-Office, that I thought it was a woman's voice, and to Mr. Jesse .

Q. When was the crape put over the person's face?

Brotherton. After I was in the pit; and the person kept my hat something over my eyes, that I could not very well see.

Sir Thomas de Veil . I believe it was on the 29th of March that the Prisoner and Brotherton were before me, and Brotherton gave an account about the robbing the Western mail, and he said then that he was sure it was a woman by her voice, and by her hand: he said to the best of his remembrance the person that robbed him and gave him the shilling was the person that was then before me; and I think he said that he verily believed that the same blue veins that appeared there, were the same that gave him the shilling.

John Jesse . When the Post-boy came to town, he gave an account to the Post Master General that he was robbed. I was immediately sent for; I asked him whether he could remember any thing about the voice, and he said, it was a comical voice, it was not like a man's voice, it was a womanish voice.

Q. What sort of a person was it for height?

Brotherton. It was a tall person.

Sir Thomas de Veil . I must absolutely contradict him there, for when he was before me, he said it was a short thick person, and much about the height of the person then before me.

There being no other evidence on the side of the prosecution to prove the fact upon the Prisoner, and the Jury not thinking this evidence sufficient, she was acquitted .

Peter de St.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-54
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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412. Peter de St . Remye , otherwise John Lafontaine , otherwise Lafountaine , otherwise Delafountame , of the parish of St. James's Westminster , Gent. was indicted for that he on the 7th day of March in the 14th year of his present Majesty's reign, in the parish of St. Bridget, otherwise St. Brides , did marry one Ann Hatfield Spinster , and her then and there had for his wife, and that he the said Peter de St . Remye, &c. afterwards to wit on the 6th day of August in the 18th year of his Majesty's reign at the parish of St. George, Hanover-Square, did feloniously marry * and to wife take, Anne Yarp widow , his former wife Ann being then living and in full life, against the form of the Statute and against his Majesty's peace, &c .

* This prosecution is founded upon an Act of Parliament made in the 1st of James 1st, chap. 11. whereby 'tis enacted that if any person or persons shall marry, the former husband or wife being living, every such offence shall be Felony, and the person and persons so offending shall suffer death as in Cases of Felony. Then it is provided that this Act shall not extend to any person or persons, whose husband or wife shall be continually remaining beyond the seas by the space of seven years together, or whose husband or wife shall absent him or herself he one from the other by the space of seven years in any part within his Majesty's dominions, the one not knowing the other to be living within that time, or where the person is divorced from the first marriage, or where the former marriage is made void by sentence in the Ecclesiastical Court.

The Prisoner being a Frenchman desired, a Jury, De medietate Linguae , which was granted, and is as follows,

Thomas Niccol

James Dalbiac

Ralph Marsh

Daniel Pilleau

Daniel Wedon .

Simon Dalbiac

Jarvis Weston

Peter Meigett

Henry Bristow

Peter Pontie

Francis Calloway

Lapton Jourquet.

Sarah Rogers . I was acquainted with Mrs. Ann Hatfield when she lived in St. Anns Soho , she passed for a single woman - I saw the Prisoner once there, and she told me she was to be married to that Gentleman - she said he was a Gentleman - I told

her he looked like a Jew, and I understood he was angry with me for saying so - he went then by the name of Peter de St . Remye.

William Dare - I am a Clergyman of the church of England.

Q. Look at the Prisoner, and see if you remember him.

Dare. I remember the Gentleman very well, I married him the 7th of March 1740. In the evening after it was dark - by candle-light at the house of one Mrs. Crook in the Fleet-Market: by the name of Peter de St . Remye, of the parish of St. Anns Westminster, Gentleman and Batchelor, to Ann Hatfield of the same parish Spinster - the Prisoner not only told me his name, but at the same time took a pen and ink and wrote it down, that I might set it down right, this is the entry I made in my book at that time.

Q. Who told you that the woman's name was Ann Hatfield ?

Dare. She did her self, and bid me set her down Spinster; before the Prisoner came to the house, two women, one of whom was Mrs. Ann Hatfield , came there and enquired if they could have a Clergyman, and Mrs. Crook sent for me, and one of them made an agreement with me what I was to have for the marriage - that was 13 s. 6 d. and the Prisoner came in and consented to the agreement - I lived in Fleet-Lane then, but was not a Prisoner.

Pris. Coun. Did the Prisoner pay that money?

Dare. It was laid down upon the book with the ring, I can't tell who laid it down - they were married according to the form of the Common-prayer and the Ceremonies of the Church of England; I took the Gentleman's hand and joined to the woman's, whether he thought the ceremony was over or no, I can't say, but he went to salute her, and I said, pray don't be in a hurry, have a little patience, and then you may do as you please - she was given away by a Gentleman I don't know. After the ceremony was over he gave the gentlewoman of the house a shilling for officiating as clerk, I said it was usual to give something more; he frowned, which made the cresses in his forehead appear more than ordinary, and I took particular notice of him - I observed his nose was remarkable; my Lord, there is something more corroborating, a gentleman came to me some little time afterwards, to know whether I had married one Mrs. Ann Hatfield to one Mr. Remye, I said I had, he said with an oath (your Lordship will excuse me) I am glad of it, for I did not think any body would have had her she is so d - n ugly; and he said he was glad for other reasons that he did not tell me - He called her his sister-in-law, and desired a stamped certificate. I gave him a certificate with a 5 s. stamp, and he gave me half a guinea for my trouble, and paid the stamps beside.

Q. Was she a homely woman?

Dare. She was a very ordinary woman, a tall thin woman.

Prosecutor's Council. Then she was not a tempting piece?

Dare. She would not have tempted me.

Prisoner's Council. Can you take upon you to say that the Prisoner married Ann Hatfield ?

William Dare . I am as positive to the Prisoner's being the person who married one who called herself Ann Hatfield, as I am that my name is William Dare - I never saw the Prisoner since till yesterday to my knowledge. Another thing I thought very odd, he came in a plain hat, and as soon as the ceremony was over, the gentlewoman pulled a lace hat out of a handkerchief and he put it on.

Prisoner's Council. Did the Prisoner make responses?

Dare. If he had not, I should have done as I do at all times, desire him to speak so as I might hear him, for I am a little deaf, but he spoke with an audible voice.

Barbara Crook . I live in the Fleet-Market, about three or four years ago two women came about a wedding, and I sent for Mr. Dare a Clergyman of the Church of England, one of them agreed for 13 s. 6 d. - I am very certain the Prisoner is the person who was married to one of those women - Not to her that made the agreement - The marriage was performed according to the ceremony of the Church of England; before the ceremony was gone through the Prisoner offered to salute her, and Mr. Dare checked him for it, and said it was time enough for that when the ceremony was over.

Mrs. Crook produced a book of marriages which she keeps, wherein was the entry of the marriage, made by Mr. Dare at the time, signed W. D. and agrees as to the names and date as deposed by Mr. Dare; she also confirmed every material circumstance mentioned by Mr. Dare.

Prosecutor's Council. Did you go to see her after she was married?

Crook. Yes, and she was not at home; I found she bore but an indifferent character, so I did not go any more, - she lived in St. Ann's-Court Soho .

John Robinson Minors an Attorney, produced a deed to which he was a subscribing witness, and which was prepared by him, and knows that Mrs. Ann Hatfield was daughter of Joshua Hatfield , and

saw both the Prisoner and her execute this deed after he had read it twice over to them, viz.

' This indenture made the 4th day of February ' 1743, between Peter Lasontaine de St. Remye, of ' St. Martin's in the Fields, in the County of Middle-sex ' Gent. and Ann his wife, which said Ann is ' one of the daughters and coheirs of Ann Hatfield , ' deceased, by Joshua Hatfield her late husband, ' deceased, &c.'

Q. Is Mrs. Ann Hatfield the first wife alive?

John Robinson Minors . I saw her but yesterday.

Amme Yarp. I am widow of Henry Yarp , my husband died about two years ago - He was a Broker.

Q. Do you know the Prisoner, look at him?

Amme Yarp. I know him without looking at him - I was married the 6th of August last by Mr. Keith at May-Fair Chapel, about one o'clock at noon to the Prisoner, by the name of John Delasontaine , according to the form and ceremony of the Church of England, and was given away by one Mr. Clarkson - There was a thing they called a licence produced at the chapel, but whether it was a regular one I can't tell.

John Clarkson . I saw this lady [Mrs. Amme Yarp] married to the Prisoner, August the 6th last at May-Fair Chapel, in the parish of St. George Hanover-Square, and gave her away; they were married by Mr. Keith - I believe his name is Alexander Keith - I think he had not a surplice on, he appeared to be a Clergyman - I was recommended by one Mrs. Allen to give her away, for I knew her but three days before.

Mr. Alexander Keith appeared and proved that he married the Prisoner to Mrs. Yarp.

The Council for the Prisoner produced an excommunication taken out of the Bishop of London's court against Alexander Keith , but not producing the proceedings in the spiritual court upon which this excommunication was founded, it was not admitted in evidence. Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

Thomas Lodge.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-55
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter

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413. + Thomas Lodge , of St. Botolph Aldersgate , was indicted for the murder of William Diggle , by striking him with his right fist upon his left eye, and thereby giving him a mortal bruise on the 2d day of July last, of which he languished till the 8th day of the same month and then died .

Elizabeth Diggle . My husband was a Constable, and kept a publick house in Little-Britain. Mr. Newman and the Prisoner who is his apprentice , came in pretty much in liquor, about 10 o'clock the 2d of July; my husband went home with them, and in about a quarter of an hour returned with the jelly of his eye hanging upon his face; my husband went home with Mr. Newman, who being fuddled , was put to bed, and Mrs. Newman desired my husband (as being Constable) to stay with her for fear the Prisoner should murder her; he stayed, and desired the Prisoner to go to bed, upon which he abused my husband: Said Mrs. Newman, are not you ashamed to abuse Mr. Diggle, he is Constable? And he said, Let him be Constable or Churchwarden I'll do for him, (he was then lying upon the ground) and immediately got up, and my husband observed him to put his hand into his pocket, and pull out a little instrument they use in coral making, and jobbed it into his eye, and when he had done he hit him twice with his double fist over it, and said, G - d d - n you I have done for you. - My husband said he did not give him any affront, and continued in the same story till his death, he was sensible almost to the last.

Elizabeth Doo . I was servant to Mr. Diggle, I saw the Prisoner strike my master three blows, only because he interposed between him and his mistress: the Prisoner abused his mistress, and offered to strike Mr. Diggle, and Mrs. Newman said don't strike Mr. Diggle for he is Constable, and he said, Let him be Constable or Churchwarden, or what he will, I'll do for him; he forced in between my master and his mistress, and struck him several blows. Mrs. Newman bid me call my mistress, and said he would murder my master. My master called him rogue; the Prisoner said, what do you call me rogue for? D - n you I'll have your eyes for it, and run at him immediately and knocked him down: I went out to call for help, and in a minute's time the accident happened.

Thomas Buckmaster said, that he heard a quarreling for a good while together, and heard the Prisoner say he would not be served so by a Constable; that he saw the Prisoner's and the Deceased's hands both up together, but who struck first he could not tell, but he presently saw that the Deceased's eye was hanging quite over his face. I did not see any thing in the Prisoner's hand.

Richard Foot . The 2d of July Mr. Newman and the Prisoner were at Mr. Diggle's, and the Prisoner being very much in liquor was supported home by Mr. Diggle on one side, and Mr. Newman his master on the other side; I followed them and heard the Prisoner's mistress was angry with him for being in liquor, and he said, D - n your bl - d you B - b if it had not been for my master, I had gone from you to day. I heard some words, and the Prisoner and the Deceased were standing at

a considerable distance one from the other in a posture of fighting: and I heard the Prisoner say, Let him be Constable or Churchwarden, by G - d I will do for him. I went back to the Deceased's house, and said for God's sake, gentlemen, let us prevent mischief: and in about a minute's time the unhappy blow was given; the left side of his face was very bloody, and he seemingly not sensible of the damage he had received, sat down in a chair and declined his head upon his left hand, and the Prisoner said, D - n his blood let him be Constable or Churchwarden, I know I have done for him.

Mr. Hett the Surgeon deposed, that the Deceased received a violent bruise upon the sight of the eye, which brought a great inflammation upon the whole eye, and was the occasion of his death. He said it was a lacerated wound, and made by a blunt, and not by a punctured or sharp instrument: the globe of the eye hung over the Deceased's face.

Sarah Bignall . I am servant to Mr. Newman, my master, the Prisoner and the Deceased came home together. My master went to bed at my mistress's desire, to prevent him and the Prisoner from quarrelling: the Prisoner was lying upon the ground, and the Deceased kicked the Prisoner on the foot as he lay upon the ground, and said, get up you dog; the Prisoner said he was in his master's house, and would lie where he pleased, and that his father was as good a man as he. The Deceased said the Prisoner's father might be a thief and a rogue as well as another man; then the Prisoner said to me, mind, he calls my father thief: then the Prisoner got up, and the Deceased said, an't you a deceitful dog, you told your master you could not get up; then the Deceased hit the Prisoner a slap on the face, struck him twice, and called him thief, and then they both fell to fighting - The Deceased struck the Prisoner before he gave him any blow - I can't say the Deceased kicked the Prisoner in anger, it might be to make him get up.

Mrs. Newman. Mr. Diggle came home with my husband and the Prisoner, and brought some silver home, and laid it upon the table. The Prisoner made a motion to throw the silver at me, with that my husband took him in his arms and they fell down upon the ground, then I persuaded my husband to go up to bed and went up with him, he bid the deceased good night, and bid the Prisoner go to bed; he said, he would not, he would lie there. When I came down the maid said the deceased had called the Prisoner's father old rogue, the Prisoner jumpt up and the deceased called him a deceitful rogue, &c. As in the maid's Evidence. The deceased hit the Prisoner a slap on the face and called him thief, the Prisoner said, call me thief again, and he called him thief again, and then they went to fighting and fell down between a table and a chair, when the deceased got up I saw his eye was bloody - I did not see the Prisoner strike the Deceased till they fell a fighting - the Prisoner did not quarrel with me, he only made a motion to throw the silver at me because he was in liquor.

Q. Did not you desire Mr. Diggle to stay to prevent mischief?

Mrs. Newman. I was frightened, if I did, I don't know that I said so.

Mr. Kidney. I went next morning to see the deceased and asked him how the affair happened, he said, he did not know how or in what manner; but that there was something came plunging into his eye at once, after which he seemed to be lost and confused, and could tell no farther about the matter.

Joseph Gould and Thomas Hind , have known the Prisoner from his birth, never knew him engaged in any quarrel; and did not think he would designedly do any person any harm, and that he is of a mild quiet disposition. Guilty of Manslaughter .

Timothy Owen.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-56
VerdictNot Guilty

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414. + Timothy Owen , was indicted for stealing four guns, value 6 l. two hangers with pistols to the same, 30 s. one pair of pistols not stocked, 35 s. eight gun-locks, 40 s. a gun-barrel, 6 s. a pair of brass caps covered with silver, 8 s. seven brass heel-gunplates, 3 s. the goods of John Hawkins in his dwelling house , August 25 . Acquitted .

Edward Boraston, Elizabeth Tims.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-57

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415. Edward Boraston , was indicted for stealing a scarlet clothe cloak, value 8 s. and a parcel of haberdashery wares amounting in all to about 5 l. - the goods of John Stanton , July 16 .

416. And Elizabeth Tims , for receiving a scarlet cloth cloak and sundry other goods, being part of the said goods, knowing them to be stolen .

It appeared by the Evidence of Stephen Roome and Mrs. Stanton, that Boraston was an errand boy to Mr. Stanton a haberdasher in Cheap-side, and they had detected him the 16th of July, in concealing half a pound and half an ounce of raw Belladine silk in his bosom, and took it from him; that he afterwards wanted to go to the necessary house and Mr. Roome went with him: Upon searching the necessary-house he found a paper of the Prisoner's hand-writing wrote that morning, containing an account of the goods he had stole, and where he had deposited them; the paper was read, Things at Mrs. Tims's, viz. a velvet hood, a pilgrim, a short

cloak, a pair of ear-rings, and many other articles. They got a warrant and searched Mrs. Tims's house [Mrs. Tims is Boraston's own mother] and found a considerable quantity of Mr. Stanton's goods, and others of his goods were found at the White-house in Fleet-Street. where the Prisoner said he lodged.

When Mr. Roome went to search Tims's house she obstructed them, and said she did not know Boraston , and that her name was not Tims.

Joseph Stanton . Deposed that he was one that went to search Tims's house, and she said her name was not Tims, but Fowler, that she did not know Boraston and they should not search her house. They found nothing below, so they went up stairs, pushed the door open, and opened a chest of drawers which was unlocked, and in the first drawer they opened, they found a scarlet cloak, &c. the property of Mr. Stanton.

John Walker . Deposed that he being a neighbour of Mr. Stanton's (who was out of town) was sent for and informed that Boraston had robbed them, they got a search warrant and went to Tims's house. He kept her below while the others went up and searched, she wanted to make her escape, but he held her pretty fast; at last she said she would go up and see whether they were robbing her; he went up with her and there was in a box which was broke open, and in a chest of drawers most of the things mentioned in the indictment. That he went several times to Boraston and examined him, whether he had stole any other goods, that Boraston knowing he was well acquainted with his master, desired he would prevail upon him to be favourable; he told him he would desire him to be merciful, and then he owned he had stole most of the goods in the indictment, and that his mother desired him to bring her a short cloak; and he gave him a list of other goods, that he had left at the Whitehorse Inn in Fleet-street.

The Prisoner asked Mr. Walker, if he did not promise him that if he would confess every thing, he would prevail upon his master not to prosecute him, and Mr. Walker said he did not promise any such thing.

William Rogers the Constable confirmed the others evidence, that Tims obstructed them in the search, that they found several of Mr. Stanton's goods in a chest of drawers in Tims's bedchamber, and more in a box with three locks, which he ordered to be broke open, which was full of ribbons, handkerchiefs, laces, &c.

The Prisoner said, that she and her husband lay together in that room, and she did not know of the things being brought there, and that she was in the hospital above nine weeks.

Elizabeth Price , Elizabeth Jones , and Ann Howel , had known her twenty years, and gave her the character of an honest industrious woman. Price said she had been in St. Bartholomew's hospital nine weeks and three days, and came out about three weeks before she went to prison. Jones said, she thinks she came out of the hospital about a week before she was committed.

Jury. How came you not to take the husband up as well as the woman?

Stephen Roome . Because the man bears a very good character, and the woman a very bad one. Both Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Catharine Miller.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-58
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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418. Catharine Miller , was indicted for stealing a pair of thread stockings, value 2 s. the goods of William Spyers , June 30th .

William Spyers . About seven o'clock in the evening the Prisoner and another woman came into my shop near Aldgate, to buy some stockings, we could not agree for price; but as soon as she was gone, I missed this pair of stockings; I followed the women and took the stockings upon the Prisoner under her cloak, under her left arm about thirty or forty yards from my shop: Guilty 10 d.

The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Jane Gough.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-59
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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419. Jane Gough , was indicted for stealing six pound and a quarter of Whalebone, value 8 s. 10 d. and a shirt, 16 d. the goods of James Savage , July 28th . Guilty 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Elizabeth Dudley.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-60
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

420. Elizabeth Dudley , was indicted for stealing a coral necklace with a gold locket, val. 2 s. 6 d.

two childs waistcoats, 12 d. two yards of Lace, 2 s. and a handkerchief, 3 d. the goods of Benjamin Oram , August 7th .

Mary Oram . The Prisoner was my servant , and about a month after she was gone I missed these things and found them at her lodging - she was married and that was the reason of her going away. I don't know that she took them. - her husband used to come to see her sometimes. Acquitted .

Ann Elkins.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-61
VerdictNot Guilty

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421. Ann Elkins , of Hounslow , was indicted for stealing a silver spoon, value 10 s. the property of Morris Davies .

Mr. Davies. Proved the losing of the spoon from his house at Windsor, but not proving that the spoon was seen in the possession of the Prisoner in the county of Middlesex, she was Acquitted .

Samuel Ellard.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-62
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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422. + Samuel Ellard , was indicted for being at large in Great-Britain, before the expiration of the term for which he was transported ; but there being a defect in the indictment, he was acquitted and ordered to remain till next Sessions .

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. William Withers.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbero17440912-1

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417. William Withers , of St. George Hanover-Square , was indicted for stealing a hen, price 2 s. 6 d. the goods of Margaret Tucker , Sept. 1 .

Margaret Tucker . The Prisoner came into my stable-yard in Grosvenor-Mews, a young woman saw him run one of my fowls down and asked him why he chased the sow! down; he said it was his own, and he said he would have it, for he knew it by the marks; but he could find no mark upon it; then he went away and came again, and took the fowl before my face, put her into his basket and went away with it - he is a man that goes about to fell meat and fowls.

The fowl being taken publicly in the day time, it could not be a felonious taking, and is rather actionable than indictable. Therefore the Prosecutrix (though with much reluctancy) acknowledged her self in the wrong, and asked the Prisoner's pardon in court, and he very readily forgave her.

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Charles Cleaver, Isabella Mills, Robert Fuller, Robert Rockett, Ann Terry.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbero17440912-2
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

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The following persons who were under sentence of death, have obtained his Majesty's reprieve, and received sentence of transportation for 14 years, viz.

Charles Cleaver , condemned in February Sessions.

Isabella Mills , condemned in April Sessions.

Robert Fuller , and Robert Rockett ,

condemned in May Sessions.

Ann Terry , condemned the same Sessions for the murder of her bastard child, is to be transported for life.

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary. Charles Cleaver, Isabella Mills, Robert Fuller, Robert Rockett, Ann Terry.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbers17440912-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

Related Material

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows.

Received Sentence of Death, 7.

Thomas Bonney 367

Joseph Filzwalter 408

William Lawrence 360

John MackEvoy 403

John Peirson 407

Luke Ryley 402

Thomas Wright 352

Transportation for 14 Years 1

Elizabeth Tims 391

Transportation for 7 Years, 23.

Edward Bailey 370

Carolina Banham 384

Lowry Betts 361

Edward Boraston 390

John Bothaw 368

Martha Monk 398

Elizabeth Naylor 393

Mary Picket 392

William Powel 354

Elizabeth Pugh 383

Samuel Roach 380

Mary Smith 395

Sarah Collett 365

Mary Dale 387

George Hall 385

William Jones 374

Eleanor King 382

Sarah Stewart 375

Elizabeth Talloway 362

Mary Wall 389

Mary Waters 358

Ann Wibb 355

Ann Wilder 390

Branded 4

Adrian Hambagh 410

Thomas Hodge 413

Peter de St . Remye, otherwise John Lafontaine, &c.


Sarah Paterson 359

To be Whipt 6

Sophia Cudoy 373

Ann Finck 400

Jane Gough 420

Catharine Miller 419

Mary Noah 369

Rebecca Smith 401

Old Bailey Proceedings supplementary material. Charles Cleaver, Isabella Mills, Robert Fuller, Robert Rockett, Ann Terry.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbers17440912-1
SentenceNo Punishment > pardon; Transportation

Related Material

The following persons who were under sentence of death, have obtained his Majesty's reprieve, and received sentence of transportation for 14 years, viz.

Charles Cleaver , condemned in February Sessions.

Isabella Mills , condemned in April Sessions.

Robert Fuller , and Robert Rockett ,

condemned in May Sessions.

Ann Terry , condemned the same Sessions for the murder of her bastard child, is to be transported for life.

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