Old Bailey Proceedings.
12th September 1744
Reference Number: 17440912

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
12th September 1744
Reference Numberf17440912-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,

Held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, On WEDNESDAY the 12th, THURSDAY the 13th, FRIDAY the 14th, and SATURDAY the 15th of September.

In the 18th Year of his MAJESTY'S Reign.


Right Honble Sir Robert Westley , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.



Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1744.

[Price Six-pence.]


King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.

BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir ROBERT WESTLEY , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London, the Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice WILLES, Mr. Justice DENISON, Sir SIMON URLIN , Knt. Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

William Whipham .

Stephen Prue .

John Jennings .

Thomas Martin .

Stephen Daniel .

Edmund Howard .

Richard Andrews .

Edward Smith ,

William Bright .

John Cheshire .

Jonathan Ely .

John Ford .

Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Niccoll .

Ralph Marsh .

Daniel Weedon .

Thomas Bromley .

Jarvis Weston .

Samuel Lock .

Henry Bristow .

Francis Calloway .

Henry Barnett .

Robert Hawes .

Thomas Briggs .

Hugh Spencer .

Thomas Wright.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-1

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352. + Thomas Wright , of St. Mary le Bone , was indicted for assaulting Letitia Pennington , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her a cloth cloak, value 6 s. a linen apron, value 1 s. the goods of Thomas Pennington ; a cloth cloak, value 10 s. a shift, value 1 s. an apron, value 1 s. and a pair of cotton gloves, value 2 d. the goods of Tho Goving , Sept. 10 .

Letitia Pennington . On Monday last about 3 o'clock in the afternoon , my niece and I were walking over the fields towards Kilburn ; she saw three boys, of whom the Prisoner was one; says she, aunt I don't like those boys; said I they are but boys, there's no occasion to be afraid of them, I believe they are only mushrooning. I had a bundle in my hand and 2 cloaks upon my arm, for we could not carry them upon our backs for the wind. The Prisoner and another came up to me, the Prisoner presented a pistol to my right breast, and the other took away the bundle and the cloaks.

Q. Did the Prisoner say anything to you when he put the pistol to your breast?

Pennington. He bid me delive - I don't know that the other had any pistol; after they had robbed us, I saw a gentleman on horseback, and told him that we were robbed by two boys, the gentleman rode after them and took the Prisoner.

Ann Goring . On Monday last in the afternoon about 3 o'clock, my aunt and I were walking towards Kilburn : I saw as I thought three rogues, and told my aunt of it; she said she did not think any thing of it, that they were only boys a mushrooning . They came up to us, and the Prisoner took hold of the bundle that my aunt had in her hand, and felt of it and said, what have you got here? She said I have got nothing, my dear, but a little Apothecary's stuff; then he put the pistol to her breast and bid her deliver. I saw a gentleman on horseback at the end of the field; I called to him and told him we were robbed, and the Prisoner was taken and carried into an alehouse.

Q. Which of them took the bundle and the cloaks?

Goring. I saw them taken away, but I cannot tell who took them.

Edward White . I was going home with my horse, and the Prisoner run against me; a gentleman cried out stop him, and said that he and two more had robbed two women, and that he was so nigh that he saw them put the things into a hedge , and then run away.

Q. How came the Prisoner to be taken?

White. I had him in hold when the gentleman called out. Mr. Charles took him, I took him to the alehouse myself .

Prisoner. Did not the gentleman say stop him, and I stopped directly ?

White. Yes you did, but I believe you were out of breath, and could not run any farther.

Benjamin Smith . I happened to be taking a little walk in the fields, and accidentally went into the house the Prisoner was carried into; and Mr. Charles offered White half a crown to go for a Constable, and somebody said that I was a Constable. I said I was not; he said if I was a Headborough it was the same thing, and then I took charge of the Prisoner, and by the assistance of two more carried him before a magistrate.

Prisoner. Did not Mrs. Pennington say, coming over the fields, she was sorry she had sworn against me, but as she had sworn against me, she was forced to see it out?

Smith. I did not hear her say so; she said indeed she was sorry you had not more grace. Guilty Death .

Richard Pugh.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-2
VerdictNot Guilty

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353. Richard Pugh , of St. Andrew's Holborn , was indicted for stealing a shift, value 10 d. a handkerchief, 4 d an apron, 9 d. two caps, 1 s. and a frock, 5 d. the goods of Thomas Field , and 2 muslin neckcloths, value 1 s. the goods of Tho Sindry , August 14 .

Mary Field . I lost some things, but little thought this boy had got them. I hope, gentlemen, you will be favourable to him on account of his age, he is a neighbour's child. I never knew any harm of him before; I missed the things and charged him with taking them, for he had been at my house the night before; upon which he cried and confessed that he took them, and had pawned them to one Mrs. Aris in Baldwin's-Gardens. I went there and saw the things, and because I refused to pay her for them, she swept them off the counter and would not let me have them.

Rebecca Aris . This boy has been bringing these things to me ever since March at different times: he brought them in the name of his mother. I have known his mother several years, she knows what I say to be true.

- Henley , (the boy's mother.) I never sent him to pawn any thing these three years.

Q. What age is the boy?

Prisoner. I am about eight * old. Acquitted .

* Children under nine years cannot be guilty of this kind of felony, but they may of some acts that imply malice in themselves, such as setting fire to a house, &c

William Powel.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-3

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354. William Powel , of St. Ann's Westminster , was indicted for stealing 8 plates, value 10 s. and two dishes, 2 s. the goods of Richard Ralph , July 16 .

Richard Ralph . My wife missed some pewter, and sent emissaries to endeavour to find it; the boy was taken with them, and owned before the Justice that he had them in his possession, but said a woman gave him 2 d. to carry them to Church-Lane end in Rag-Fair. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Webb.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-4
VerdictGuilty > lesser offence

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355. + Ann Webb , otherwise Cheworth of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silk purse, value 1 s. a snuff box, value 20 s. 59 guineas, and a two guinea piece, the property of Richard Haddock , privately from his person , August the 9th .

Richard Haddock . On the 9th of August I was going home in a chair, very much in liquor, and the chairman set me down at a night cellar by Charing-Cross and I went in - I was so much in liquor that I could not tell what time of the night it was. - I believe it was between 3 and 4 in the morning; the Prisoner came in to drink. I had 3 s. to pay, and I gave the man of the cellar half a guinea instead of a sixpence. I lost my purse, in which I had a two guinea piece and 60 guineas; though I swore but to 59 guineas, because I don't know but I might change one. I lost my snuff box. When I came home I told my wife I had been robbed; I went to the cellar and told the person that keeps it what had happened. He said if I would give him 5 guineas he would help me to my money: and the Prisoner was taken with the money upon her, and my purse was brought to me with 45 guineas in it, the rest of the money was gone. When she was before the Justice she fell down on her knees and begged for mercy; she owned the taking the money, but she denied that she took the snuff box.

Christopher Moore . I am servant to Mr. Haddock; I was at the taking the Prisoner at Chelsea, we forced the door open and took her in bed about two o'clock in the morning. I was afraid there was a man in bed with her, but there was not; when I told her what we came about, she said she was a dead woman, and begged for mercy. She took the purse out of her pocket and said, here is the purse, it is Mr. Haddock's purse and money. - There were 45 guineas in the purse: she said she wished she had gone to Portsmouth , for she was to have gone there the next day , in order to go to Flanders .

Jury . Did the Prisoner know Mr. Haddock?

Mr. Haddock . I did not know her, she lived with a woman next door to me, so she might know me though I did not know her. Guilty of the felony, not guilty of the privately stealing .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Ann Wilks.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-5
VerdictNot Guilty

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356. + Mary Ann Wilks , of St. Andrew's Holborn , was indicted for stealing one silk purse, value 1 s. 21 guineas, and 7 l. in silver , the property of Anthony Loxley , July 21st .

Susanna Loxley . I live at the three Cups in Holborn; on the 10th of July the Prisoner (who was my servant ) came to ask me for a silver tankard, and saw me put 6 guineas into a purse (in which there were 15 guineas before, 25 crown pieces and 6 half crown pieces,) I put this purse into a gown sleeve, under some gowns in a drawer in my bedchamber; there were 27 guineas more lay visible in the drawer, but they were not touched, there was nobody to my knowledge came into the room but the Prisoner. On the 22d of July I went to put a bank note into the drawer and missed this purse. I examined the Prisoner concerning it, she looked a little confounded at first, and wondered I should mistrust her, more than any other person in the house? I told her because there was nobody came into the room but herself, (I heard she had let other people into the house to lie there) when I went to the drawer the key did not easily unlock it, and since she has been taken , there was another key found behind the door, which opened it as well as my own. - There was nothing found in her possession.

Anthony Loxley said there was nobody came into the chamber but the Prisoner, his wife, and himself, that this money was missing , but the other remained untouched. Acquitted .

James Bullock.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-6
VerdictNot Guilty

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357. + James Bullock , of St. Botolph Aldgate , in Middlesex, was indicted for stealing a silver tankard, value 6 l. the goods of Charles Barton , in his dwelling house , August 4th .

Charles Barton . I live at the sign of the Ship in Swan-Alley in East-Smithfield ; on the 4th of August I lost a silver tankard. The Prisoner came to my house and called for a halfpenny worth of beer and sat at the cellar door; the tankard was in the cellar just before, and in a very little time it was gone. The Prisoner lives within 3 or 4 doors of me, but when he went out, instead of going to his own house he ran away. I pursued him to his sister's by the Seven Dials and took him; he owned that he took the tankard, and had sold it to a Fence * for 30 s. I went to look after it, but the people he had sold it to were run away, and I never got it again - There was nobody in the house at that time, except my wife and child, but the Prisoner - The cellar, the drinking room, and kitchen, are all on a floor; and it is not 4 foot from the place where the Prisoner sat, to the place where the tankard stood, and I saw him come out of the cellar and run out at the back door - It was not two minutes after I saw the tankard before I missed it; when I found him in St. Giles's he jumped out of the window, I caught hold of him, and he left half his shirt in my hand and run away, but was retaken - He is a Plaisterer . Acquitted .

*A Fence is a Receiver of stolen goods.

Mary Waters.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-7
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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358. Mary Waters , of St. John Hackney , was indicted for stealing a hat, value 1 s. a perriwig, 2 s and a shirt, 2 s. the goods of Isaac Alvares , July 26 .

John Stedder . The Prisoner came out of a lower window of Mr. Alvares's house at Clapton , towards the highway; I saw her shuffling something into her pocket, pursued her about 10 or 12 rod, and found her behind a door, and saw a shirt taken from her.

Hannah Davis . I was shutting Mr. Franco's windows, and saw the Prisoner jump out of Mr. Alvare's window. I sent my fellow servant over to enquire whether it was the chairwoman, and then they found they were robbed.

Rebecca Hyans . I took the shirt from her, and know it to be my master's shirt. The hat and wig were taken from her by another person. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Paterson.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-8
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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359. Sarah Paterson , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing a silk gown, value

7 s. the goods of Frances Wheelwright , August 10 .

Frances Wheelwright . I lost my gown out of my bedchamber, and a lodger of mine told me it was at the pawnbroker's, and I found it there.

Thomas Grubb . The Prisoner pledged this gown to me August the 9th, in the name of Sarah Paterson , for 5 s. I saw the gown was not of her size, and asked her whether it was hers? And she said she brought it from her mistress. The Monday following the Prisoner and another woman came and inquired for it; the Prisoner bid me deliver it to the other woman and went out of the shop, but before I had delivered it, the Prosecutrix came in and owned it. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Branding. See summary.]

William Lawrence.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-9

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360. + William Lawrence , of St. Mary Stratford Bow , was indicted for stealing a lamb, value 14 s. the property of John Nunnelly , July 16 .

John Nunnelly . On the 16th of July I lost a lamb, which was in a field of mine at Stratford ; I saw the lamb and the skin at Mr. Potter's the Constable at Bow: this is the skin, I know it by the mark - It is not my mark, it is the country mark. The Prisoner owned he had stole a lamb out of my field by Stratford turnpike.

Samuel Austin . I was called up between 5 and 6 in the morning by Mr. Boot , who told me there was a man in his field killing one of my sheep. I was willing to see who it was, the man who is the Prisoner at the bar perceiving me come after him, run away, and I run after him: I run over 4 or 5 fields before I caught him; there was a man in the lane who ran along with me. The Prisoner had a hatchet with him, and a stick in his hand. I bid him lay down the hatchet or I would shoot him through the head, and he laid down his hatchet - I saw him stand by the lamb - The lamb was dead and warm, and the skin stripped ready to carry away.

Q. Do you know whose lamb it was?

Martin. I did not know then, I have been informed since; the lamb was given away in our town.

Q. Is this the skin that you saw then?

Austin. I know it to be the skin.

John Potter . I am Constable, July the 16th there was a lamb brought to my house, the head was cut off, and the skin was half off.

Mr. Boot deposed that he saw a man killing a lamb in one of his fields, and went and acquainted Mr. Austin with it.

Prisoner. I was going to Stratford to bring some beasts to Smithfield market, as I had done several market days, and found the lamb almost dead in a lane , and so I killed it. Guilty Death .

The Jury recommended him to the Court as an object of his Majesty's mercy.

Lowry Betts.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-10

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361. Lowry Betts , of the Precinct of White Friers , was indicted for stealing a silver spoon, value 8 s. the goods of John Chapman , July 28 .

John Chapman . I lost a spoon and Mr. Lilly stopped it.

Job Lilly. This Spoon was brought to me by a poor woman to be sold: I asked her how she came by it? She said, very honestly. I said, good woman , I don't know how you came by it, but there has been some violence used to it, and I believe 'tis stolen . She said she would fetch the owner of it: she went and fetched this boy. Said I, my lad , is this spoon your's? He said, yes. I told him I would stop the spoon and him too. He said he would fetch the young woman he had it of. He went away , and I did not see him again till he was brought by the Constable: he said he was let into the house by a journeyman Baker, and seeing the spoon lie about he took it.

Prisoner. I had run away from my master. I was let in by a journeyman Baker, who was the cause of my running away. I asked him to lend me sixpence; he gave me this spoon, and said I should have three parts of the money if I sold it: he said he would be a friend to me all my life time, and desired I would not say any thing of his being concerned with me. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Talloway.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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362. Elizabeth Talloway , of St. Martin's in the Fields , was indicted for stealing three pewter plates, value 2 s. and a pewter dish, value 1 s. the goods of Richard Powson , September 3 .

Richard Powson . I lost some pewter which was found upon the Prisoner.

John Powson . I went up stairs out of the kitchen to fetch a hand-basket, and when I came down again I met the Prisoner upon the stairs . She asked whether one Mrs. Williams lived there? I said no; and she went out. I saw something in her apron, and went down into the kitchen directly and missed the pewter. I pursued her and took her about 200 yards from the house, she dropped the pewter, and said a woman gave it her to carry to her lodging. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Susannah Janes.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-12
VerdictNot Guilty

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363. Susannah Janes , of St. Barthalomew the Less , was indicted for stealing 7 yards of ribbon, value 3 s. 6 d. the goods of Henry Stanton , August the 25th .

Hannah Stanton . The Prisoner came into my father's shop between 7 and 8 at night and asked

for some ribbon: I pulled out a drawer, and she not liking them, I pulled out another drawer, and she bid me cut her a yard of a brown ribbon; and as I was a stooping to take some paper from under the counter to put it up in, I saw something in her left hand, which I thought was a piece of ribbon. A young gentlewoman who has lived with us six years, saw her take it out of the drawer and put it into her left side pocket; we had a suspicion of her before, so we watched her. I let her go out of the shop and then followed her and brought her back, and told her she had got a piece of ribbon. Says she, why should you think so? I was afraid it being night that she should drop it, and I said to her, I am determined you shall not drop it upon the ground; but she found means to throw the ribbon away, and I found it upon the counter.

Sarah Sladen . I saw the Prisoner take the ribbon out of the drawer and put it into her pocket, and my mistress went after her and fetched her back - The ribbon was found upon the counter about three yards from her.

Q. Was she ever at the place where the ribbon was found?

Sladen. Yes; I saw her at the place, but I did not see her lay it out of her hand.

Prisoner. I have been a midwife sixteen years, and have got all my women to appear to my character.

Frances Crawley and Elizabeth Bembrick , said she had laid each of them of one child, and never heard any thing amiss of her.

Elizabeth Talbot , Elizabeth White , Mary Armourer , Elizabeth Worth , Elizabeth Hughes and Robert Hughes , gave her the character of an honest woman, and that they never heard any harm of her before. Acquitted .

Elizabeth Odell.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-13
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

364. + Elizabeth Odell , was indicted for stealing five yards and a half of thread lace, value 21 s. the goods of John Dale , in his shop , July 21 .

Elizabeth Dale . I keep a shop in Leadenhall Market and deal in lace, the Prisoner came into the shop between 7 and 8 at night, and asked for some lace for a mob, and bid me 3 s. and 6 d. a yard for some; (she held her apron up, and in a clandestine manner doubled a piece of lace up and concealed it in her left hand that held her apron up, and her apron covered her hand that she had the lace in - I know she had it, because I saw her draw it off the counter) I said, Madam, I can't afford to take the money you bid me ; then said she, Madam, I don't design to buy any to day. I said, Madam, if you will not buy any, I don't design you shall steal any. She said, Dear Madam, I have none: Dear Madam, said I, you have; and upon examination, I found the Prisoner had dropped the lace upon the floor.

Prisoner. As I was looking at the lace, one piece happened to slide off the counter, and the gentlewoman charged me with taking it, and then she asked me whether I would buy the lace; and I agreed to buy two yards, and she cut off two yards of lace; but as I had no money in my pocket, I said I would leave my gold ring, and she sent the ring to the Goldsmith's, and she said she would accept of the ring as a pledge: but some people who came into the shop persuaded her to charge me with a robbery, and by their persuasion she did charge me.

Q. Is that true?

Elizabeth Dale . It's all true that she says, every word of it; for I did not know that I was transgressing the law in putting the affair up, till my neighbours told me so. And I should have been willing to have sold the lace.

Joseph Gilstrop . I have known the Prisoner 33 years, almost from her cradle; she always had a good character.

Mary Lewis has known her eighteen years; John Guest ten years, and Mary Guest seven years, and gave her a good character. John Guest said she is very good to her parents, who are ancient people. Acquitted .

Sarah Collet, John Studder.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-14
VerdictGuilty; Not Guilty

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365, 366. Sarah Collet and John Studder , of St. George's in Middlesex , were indicted for stealing three shirts, value 5 s. a holland frock, 3 s. a dimitty skirt, 4 s. two table cloths, 3 s. a shirt, 1 s. a man's hat, 3 s. a child's stay, 2 s. two handkerchiefs, 18 d. and a laced cap, 18 d. the goods of Richard Randall , July the 5th .

Richard Randall . I live the backside of Castle-Street near Rag-Fair ; the Prisoners broke my door open, and took these things away about eleven o'clock in the day time - I took Collet in Petticoat-Lane, and when she was before the Justice she confessed every thing.

- Randall. I sell old clothes ; when I went out about ten in the morning, Collet met me and wished me good luck. I returned about two, for a little girl told me in the Fair that my house was broke open. I came home and found I was robbed. - I suspected the Prisoner, because she was seen to come out of my house with her lap full of things. I never had any of the things again.

The Justice before whom she was carried deposed; that she made her confession freely, and

told every particular fact, and was willing to sign it: that he told her if it was wrote it must be read in evidence against her, and she said she would freely do it.

July 9, 1744. The Confession of Sarah Collet . '' Sarah Collet faith, That she was present with '' John Studder , Daniel West , and another, when '' these things were stole; that they took a man's '' hat, and several other things, in all to about '' the value of 30 s. and that she had a share of '' the money they were sold for.''

The Prisoner saying that she was promised to be made an evidence, the Justice was asked whether he ever made her any such promise, and he declared he never said any thing to her concerning it.

Prisoner. I don't care what you do, you may hang me if you please. John Studder was the person who broke open the door, and Daniel West who is dead, and another were concerned in it. Collet Guilty , Studder Not Guilty * .

*After Studder was acquitted, she said, Studder is as guilty as I am and more; and then flew in a violent and fell to boxing his ears and abusing him in the bar, and going out said, G - D - you all together.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Bonney.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-15

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367. + Thomas Bonney , of the Hamlet of Bethnal-Green , was indicted for assaulting Mary Sewell , in a certain field or open place near the King's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her 15 d. in money , the property of Richard Sewell , July 5 .

Mary Sewell . As I was going to Grove Street in Hackney , the Prisoner came up to me, and said he must stop me and have my money; I said he should have it.

Q. Had he any weapon?

Sewell. He had an ordinary little penknife which lay open in his hand - It lay cross his hand. I put my hand into my pocket, and gave him 15 d. He said I had more money; I told him I had not, and desired he would not fright me: and he said if he had my money, he would do me no harm. He took some money from Sarah Jackson and then left us. After he was got some way from us we cried out, and he was pursued and taken; and in a little more than a quarter of an hour brought back to us - It was about 8 o'clock in the evening.

Sarah Jackson . I was along with Mrs. Sewell when the Prisoner robbed her of 15 d. after he had got her money, he turned about to me and said he must have mine. I put my hand into my pocket and gave him 6 d. he said I had more; I told him I had not to my knowledge. He put his hand in my pocket and took out a halfpenny and went away.

Q. Had he any weapon in his hand?

Jackson. Nothing but a stick.

Q. What did Mary Sewell say to him when he first came up to her?

Jackson. She said, don't fright me and you shall have my money.

Q. to Sewell. Did you see the stick?

Sewell. I only saw the knife - 'Tis the very same man.

Jackson. - I think I can be positive to the man.

Q. Where was this done?

Jackson. It was in the field beyond Bishop Bonner's.

Prisoner. There was a young fellow run before in a green waistcoat and his own hair, I happened to have a green waistcoat on, and so they swore to me upon that account.

Sewell and Jackson said, he had on then a green waistcoat and a woollen cap.

Q. to Sewell. Did he present the knife to you?

Sewell. No, he only held it open in his hand.

John Price . These 2 gentlewomen cried out, Stop thief; and another young man and I took him. I laid hold of his collar, and brought him to Mr. Weston's house.

Prisoner. I worked for one Capt. Luckerby in Castle-street, and had carried home my work; and was taking a walk out in the fields, I saw another fellow run along in a green waistcoat.

Q. to Price. Was there any body running in a green waistcoat?

Price. There was no body run but myself. He would sain have persuaded me to believe that then, but I would not believe him; and when I brought him up to these gentlewomen, they swore hard and fast, that he was the man. Guilty , Death .

There was another indictment against him, for assaulting Sarah Jackson , and robbing her of six-pence halfpenny, which he was not tried upon.

John Bothaw.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-16

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368. John Bothaw was indicted for stealing 21 pounds of Mace, value 20 l. the goods of William Hayter , merchant , August 10 .

William Clack . I act in the office of a constable at the water-side. I went in search of this box, and found it at the Prisoner's lodging, Mrs. Plaistow's , in White's-yard in Rosemary-lane.

William Gold burne . Last Friday was a month, I saw the Prisoner go up the dark gate-way by Galley-Key, with this box under his left arm: about 10 or 15 minutes after, I met a woman in Thames-street with the same box. A few minutes after, I saw the Prisoner with Mr. Mead and Mr. Addison at the water-side; and they desired the box might be sent back again, and promised him favour. Said I, Bothaw, receive mery while you can - and he made reply, You black-guard dog, what business is it of yours? I went to the woman's house whom I saw with it under her arm, and found it in her room, under the rug upon the bed: And some people will scandalize me about it, with being a thief-taker, but I am sure I am not, for I want no reward - I knew the woman before, by her sitting with others and things upon the Keys ; and got information concerning it by a neighbour of hers in White's-yard, who saw her carry it into the house, after I had waited 2 or 3 hours at the door. - The Prisoner worked upon the Keys.

William Hayter . I had two boxes of mace sent me by the Queen of Hungary. One was N. 3. the other N. 4.

John Wheeler . Those boxes were landed near the custom-house for Mr. Hayter; and one of them was lost. One was 21 pound Dutch weight, and the other 19 pound and a half.

Matthew Mead . On the 10th of August, I entered 3 small pieces in the name of Mr. Hayter, and ordered them to lye upon the Keys; and when I came to enquire for them, one of the boxes was missing. - When the Prisoner was before Sir Robert Willimott , he fell down on his knees, asked pardon, and told us where it was; and it was found by his direction. - I know this is the box that was stolen, because I sealed it with my seal.

Mary Colburne . I have known the prisoner 26 years, and never knew but that he bore a good character.

Arthur Pertt . The Prisoner served his Time with me. I know him to be an honest man, and that he has been so all his life-time. Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Noah.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-17
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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369. Mary Noah , of Christ-Church, Spittle-Fields , was indicted for stealing a pewter pint tankard, value 18 d. the goods of William Hunnalston . Guilty 10 d.

The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Edward Bailey.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-18
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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370. + Edward Bailey , of St. Mary, Whitechapel , was indicted for stealing 100 pound weight of iron, value 12 s. the goods of Thomas Scott , in his shop , August 18 .

Thomas Scott . I keep a smith's shop : it was broke open in the night-time, and I lost 100 pound weight of iron (the Prisoner is a smith) I got a search warrant, and found some of it in his shop. This is some that was found there.

Tho Wood . I know this to be Mr. Scott's iron by his way of working it.

William Smith . On the 18th of August in the morning, I thought I heard a noise as if a board was wrenched off. I looked out of the Window, and saw Edward Bailey come to Tom Scott 's shop, and take out something; and he came again; then the watch came, past three o'clock and a rainy morning: and he came 3 times afterwards, and I thought he took something every time. - Mr. Scott's shop is about a dozen yards from my house.

Prisoner. I desire the last witness may be called to my character.

Smith. I lived 3 months next door to the Prisoner: he has been in all the rooms in my house, and never wronged me; and I never heard any thing, but that he had the character of an honest man.

Q. How came you not to let somebody know of it?

Smith. It was in the night; and I did not think that a proper time: I was afraid he might run away, or something - I am sure he is the Man. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Green.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-19
VerdictNot Guilty

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371. Elizabeth Green , of St. James's Clerkenwell , was indicted for stealing a camblet gown, value 9 s. and a hat, value 4 d. the goods of Hannah Dyas , July 22 .

Hannah Dyas . The Prisoner stole these things out of a house in Shoe-lane . I went to a place the day before, and my mistress sent me to lodge there, because she had not a conveniency for me. I had been there but a night or two before the prisoner took the things out of my room. She left me naked, and I lost my place upon that account; and I never saw her after, till I met her with my things upon her back.

Prisoner. I gave her a shilling for the use of the gown, and sixpence for the use of the hat; and she said, My dear, you shall have them; and I treated her with 2 or 3 drams.

John Stockal . When the Prosecutrix charged her with taking the things, the Prisoner said she lent her 18 d. upon them.

Tho Fott . The Prosecutrix swore to the Clothes before the Justice . The Prisoner had the gown upon her back , and the hat upon her head; and she said then, that she had lent her money upon them. Acquitted .

Mary Dichens.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-20
VerdictNot Guilty

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372. Mary Dichens , was indicted for stealing a pair of boots , value 5 s. a pair of silver spurs, value 20 s. and a whip, value 1 s. the property of a person unknown , July 7 .

Joseph Brotherton . The Prisoner brought this pair of boots to me to sell: I turned them up, and out dropped a pair of silver spurs. I was sensible she did not know any thing of the spurs, so I asked her , how she came by them? She said, she had them in Kent; that a gentleman who was on horseback pulled off his boots to go over a hedge, in order to be concerned with her, and she run away with them.

Prisoner. I found the boots as I was coming along, and the spurs were in them.

William Beaning . I live next door to Mr. Brotherton: The prisoner offered to sell the boots to him for 5 s.

Q. Was there nothing but the boots?

Beaning . The spurs were in the boots, but they were not found then.

Prisoner. Yes, there was 2 whip too.

Benning. She said, she would not part with the whip; and when the spurs were found, she would not sell the spurs with the boots. When she came before the Justice, she said she met a man who wanted to make use of her; and that the man pulled off the boots to go through the hedge: whereupon the Justice said, he never knew a man pull off his boots to go through a hedge. And she said, while he went through the hedge, she run away with them. Acquitted .

Sophia Cudan.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-21
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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373. Sophia Cudan , of St. James's , Westminster , was indicted for stealing a cotton gown, value 3 s. a pair of stays, 12 d. and an apron 12 d. the goods of John Stedley , August 15 .

Martha Stedley . I went out at 5 in the morning, and left these things in a box; and when I came home, I found them out of the box, at the feet of the bed. The gown and stays were rolled up in the apron, ready to be taken away.

William Hillier . I keep the house where Mrs. Stedley lodges. My wife hearing a noise, told me some body was above. I knew the Prosecutrix was out, so I went up stairs, and the Prisoner was in the room. I asked her, what business she had there? She said, Mrs. Stedley had sent her for something. Said I, How came you to come without the Key? for the door was forced open. I told her, I would keep her till Mrs. Stedley came in. (She threatened me very hard, if I kept on detained her) and when Mrs. Stedley came, she said she did not know her, and had never seen her before that she knew of.

Prisoner. I met Mrs. Stedley's daughter, and I asked her where she lived, and she told me, and gave me the key, and bid me stay till she came home.

Ann Stedley . I did meet the Prisoner in Bawick-street , and she asked me where I lived. I told her . She asked if any body was at home? I told her , No. I did not give her the key, or leave to go, I had the key in my pocket. Guilty, 10 d.

The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.

[Whipping. See summary.]

William Jones.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-22
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

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374. + William Jones , of St. Margaret Westminster , was indicted for stealing 3 cloth coats, value 40 s. a scarlet duffile waistcoat, value 10 s. a blue waistcoat, value 5 s. a pair of scarlet breeches, value 5 s. a pair of shag breeches, value 1 s. a linen gown, value 5 s. and 2 shirts, value 2 s. the goods of James Fryer , in the dwelling-house of James Henley , August 16 .

James Fryer . I rent the ground-floor of Mr. Henley's house. The 16th of August. I went home about six o'clock in the afternoon, and found a pane of glass taken out of the back window, and the door open; and I lost all these goods. (I never had any of them again but one coat, which a woman brought to me, and said she found it.) I asked the neighbours, whether they saw any body carry any clothes away. They said, they saw 2 young fellows go up the yard between 4 and 5. I made enquiry, and described them; and the woman at the Brown Bear at the new bridge at Westminster said she had seen two such men with clothes. - I had a suspicion of the Prisoner, because he had been at the horse-guards, about a fortnight before, with another man's wife, that he keeps company with, and she called him a house-breaking dog. - My wife sells fruit at the horse-guards, and happened to hear it.

Q. What are you?

Fryer. I am a wellwisher to a soldier - I am a horse-grenadier . I enquired after the Prisoner, and found that he was impressed and carried to the Savoy. The Waterman, who carried the men over with the clothes, being very positive he should know them again, I desired him to go to the

Savoy; and when he saw the Prisoner, he was positive that he was one of the men he carried over with the clothes. I got a warrant from a Justice of the Peace, and took him out of the Savoy. He acknowledged before the Justice, that he was aiding and assisting in carrying away the clothes; but that he did not go into the house. - He did not mention any particulars of the clothes he took away.

Prisoner. Did you ever see me before?

Fryer. I cannot say that I ever did.

John Knapp . On the 16th of last month, about 5 o'clock in the evening, this William Jones and another man along with him came to the new stairs at Westminster, and called oars to Pepper-Alley, and had a parcel of clothes loose upon their arms. - There was a scarlet waistcoat, a scarlet pair of breeches, a red coat, a pair of shag breeches; and the Prisoner had a shirt, or a shift, tucked into his bosom. I went with Mr. Fryer's wife to the Savoy, and saw the Prisoner. I am positive he is one of the persons I saw with the clothes.

Fryer. This answers the description of my clothes.

Knapp. He said, he was not in the house, but stood at the door, and took the things as the other man brought them out.

John Galley . I have known the Prisoner from his infancy. He served his time with a barber and periwig-maker. I never heard a bad character of him.

Ann Yalden . The prisoner served his time with me, and behaved very well. - He has been out of his time about four years, and has work'd journey-work at other places.

Richard Tomkins , Edward Seaton , and David Wallington have known him almost from his birth, and say he always had a very good character. Michael Player and Joseph Carpenter have known him about 4 years, and give him the character of an honest man. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Sarah Stewart.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

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375. Sarah Stewart , of St. Sepulchre's , was indicted for stealing a copper sauce-pan and cover, value 10 s. and a candlestick, 12 d. the goods of John Parkes , July 27 .

Alex Carless. I saw the Prisoner take down a large sauce pan, and put it under her petticoat, while the maid went down to draw a pint of beer. When she came up, I asked her whether the Prisoner belonged to the house, and she said she did not. I said she had a sauce-pan under her petticoat, and the maid took it away from her.

Doborah Baker. I took my master's sauce-pan from under the prisoner's petticoat. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Billings.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-24
VerdictNot Guilty

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376. + John Billings , otherwise Williams , of St. Sepulchre's , London, was indicted for stealing a black gelding, price 40 s. the goods of Thomas Witney , June 28 .

Thomas Witney . On the 28th of June I lost a black gelding from Layton Buzzard in Bedford-shire , and found him at Hackney, about 14 days after, in the custody of one Cowling a butcher. He delivered me the gelding by order of a Justice of the Peace; and said he had him of one John Fuller .

John Cowling . I had that gelding of John Fuller , by way of rapping, the 29th of June.

Prisoner. Was the night the horse was stole away in a wet night or a dry night?

Witney. It was a showery night.

John Fuller . I brought this horse of the prisoner on the 29th of June in Smithfield, and had him booked and tolled in the market, and afterwards I chopped him with Mr. Cowling .

Daniel Miller . The Prisoner came to me, and desired me to ride the horse about the market, and John Fuller bought him of the Prisoner for 2 guineas.

John Swinstead proved Mr. Witney's property in the horse.

Prisoner. I went down to Northamptonshire to a brother on the 16th of June; and coming back, I came to the Swan at Hockley , and lay there all night. In the morning I went away, and it rained as hard as it could. There stood 4 or 5 people under a hedge, and a little, well set man in a blue coat said he would sell me his horse. I said I had not so much money as to purchase him, and that I did not want a horse. However I purchased the horse, bridle, and saddle for 43 s. - I bought him at the first house in Dunstaple under the gate-way: I think it is the sign of the Bull.

Samuel Green. I keep a publick-house at the Cherry Tree in Kentish-Town . The Prisoner lodged with me 4 years, and went away about last March: he used to hedge and ditch, and bore a good character in the town all that time.

Mary Joyce . I have known him 5 years. He lodged at my house in Whitechapel. - I keep 2 chandler's shop. He used to work at the turnpike road by Whitechapel. He lodged with me when he was taken up; and, except the time when he was at hay-making, and that was about a fortnight, he was not out of my house 2 nights.

Q. Where did he work when he was from you?

Joyce . At the Sign of the Plough, between this and Wormley-Green .

Q. Was he pretty flush of money when he came back?

Joyce. He never was flush of money all the time he was in my house.

Q. Do you think he had 40 s.

Joyce. I don't know but he might have more than that; for I know his wife pawned her clothes for him, and had above 40 s. upon them. He never was known by us to be a man that kept late hours, or used to spending of money. Acquitted .

Benjamin Howard.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-25
VerdictNot Guilty

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376. + Benjamin Howard , of Hamstead , was indicted for the murder of William Paulet , by throwing him down upon the ground with both his hands, and as he was lying on the ground striking him with both his hands upon his head, neck, back, belly, and stomach; by which blows he received upon those parts several mortal bruises, of which he instantly died , August 23 .

He was likewise charged on the Coroner's Inquest for feloniously slaying the said William Pawlet .

Richard Hind . On the 23d of August in the evening, the deceased, after he had done work, sat at the door of a publick-house at West-End : the Prisoner came with a piece of victuals in his hand to the house where the deceased was, and complained that he was tired with his work: whereupon the deceased said, it was not possible he could be tired, for his work was nothing but play.

Q. What was his work?

Hind. A Bricklayer's labourer - After the deceased had said that, they disputed it some time, and I believe the Prisoner gave him the lie; then the deceased said if he gave him the lie again he would give him a slap on the face. Upon which the Prisoner made answer and said, he would return it if he did; then the deceased said he would lay the Prisoner five shillings that he beat him in three minutes time, and the Prisoner offered to lay him he did not, but I saw no money pulled out: however, they agreed to fight, and they both stripped very fairly and fought; the Prisoner received the first two falls, and the third fall they both fell together, and the Prisoner had rather the worst of it. Then the deceased said he would fight no more; I told the Prisoner that he would fight no more, then the Prisoner said I will go and shake hands with him, and he said, that he might and welcome - The deceased was sick and vomited: - He was carried home, and I did not see him afterwards.

Daniel Slann . The Prisoner came with a bit of victuals in his hand, pretty near to the place where the deceased was sitting, and said, he was very much tired. The deceased made answer and said, how could he be tired, for his work was but play; and the Prisoner said it was hard work, for he had carried a thousand and a half of bricks two story high that day. They contradicted one another, and the Prisoner gave the deceased the lie, and the deceased said if he gave him the lie again, he would hit him a slap on the face: and the other said if he did, he would return it. After that they talked of laying a wager about fighting, and then they went to fighting by consent: they had three falls, and the third fall they both fell down together sideways, and the Prisoner had rather the worst of it - I don't know any thing of any wound he received - He went home and died in about an hour afterwards. The Churchwarden said the Coroner obliged him to prosecute, and I appear for the parish.

Edmund Kelleck , Surgeon. I live in Great Russel-Street; I was sent for to the deceased three days after he was dead to open the body, and found a vast quantity of blood in the cavity of the abdomen, which I believe proceeded from an eruption of one of the blood vessels, for there were no wounds upon him; and this must from the shock of the fall: there was one of the capital vessels in the cavity of the abdomen, and the body was quite in a diseased state before this accident. I opened the skull in order to see if there was any contusion upon the brain, but found it clear and safe. One lobe of the lungs was quite adhered to the pleura and was quite emaciated (but that was not occasioned by this fall) and there was a little adhesion of the other lobe, but not like that. Acquitted of the murder, and also on the Coroner's inquest.

Moses Wilson.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-26
VerdictNot Guilty

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377. + Moses Wilson , of St. Mary in the Savoy , was indicted for assaulting Henry Hobdell on the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a cane, value 1 s. his property , Sept. 10 .

Henry Hobdell . Last Sunday night I had been in company, and drinking pretty much, and was so much out of order that I was willing to set myself down any where; so I sat down either upon a bench or a stone by Exeter-Exchange : between twelve and one the Prisoner at the bar and four more came about me; I was something in a surprize - I was almost asleep; one of the fellows struck me over the head with a stick which stunned me very much, and one of them took my cane out of my hand by force - I am sure the Prisoner was one of them.

Q. Who knocked you over the head with a stick?

Hobdell. One of the little fellows.

Q. Did the Prisoner take the cane from you?

Hobdell. I cannot say he did: I struggled for my cane because it was a cane that I valued, and if the watch had not come to my assistance, I verily believe I should have been murdered. - I can't say the Prisoner did any thing to me; the watchman pursued them, and I followed the watchman, but only the Prisoner was taken: then he said he had got into bad company, and did not know they were going upon that work.

John Yll . On Monday morning last Mr. Hobdell cried out thieves; there were the Prisoner and four more, I pursued them but they all escaped except the Prisoner, he run up a court, and I took him with this stick in his hand.

[There was a thick stick produced about a foot and a half long, which appeared to be a leg of a form ]

Q. How long was it after you took the boy that the Prosecutor came up?

Yoxell The Prosecutor was within a yard's distance at the time; the Prisoner made no resistance, he said he had got into bad company, and he believed they would bring him into a premanire Acquitted .

Mary Morgan.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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378. + Mary Morgan , of St. Mary le Strand , was indicted for privately stealing from the person of William Thorn , 6 s. 6 d. the money of Richard Burridge , and Robert Tollman , July 28 .

William Thorn . I am porter to Messrs. Burridge and Tollman. I came from home with a load of goods upon my shoulder, and went into the sign of the Anchor in Dudgy-Lane , by Somerset-House ; I set my basket down by me and called for a pint of beer, there were three young women in the house, and one of them asked me to be three halfpence with them; I refused it, and went into the yard and took my basket with me; there were several more gentlemen in the house; then I went into the house again - I did not go out of the house I went into the yard - I was obliged to go through the house to go into the yard, and to come through the yard to come into the house again - I staid and drank a pot of beer with the women, and they said they would drink with me; I set my basket down by the side of me, there were two of the women sat down by me, and the other sat on the other side of the table, they asked me to pay for the whole pot, I refused it at first, but they said if I would pay for that, they would treat me with a dram of gin: I refused it, for it was liquor I did not care for - I believe I did just taste of it. I got up upon my legs and pulled out 9 s. 9 d. (for I had just before received 9 s. 9 d. at the Civet Cat in the Strand,) and paid 3 d. for the pot of beer. During the time they were drinking these three glasses of gin, which I don't think could be above two minutes, the money was gone - I turned round to take up my basket , and missed the money. - I did not feel any body's hand in my pocket.

Q. What became of the young women?

Thorn. They rose and went out of doors.

Q. Was it before you took up your basket or after?

Thorn. I had just got my basket on my arm ready to go out as they went out - The other two went out first , and the Prisoner followed ; then I put my hand in my pocket, and the money was gone. I asked the women of the house if she know them, and she said she did not; I got one to go after them, and I went down to the water-side, and saw them all three in the boat together; I called out to the waterman, thieves! one of them had thrown sixpence into the boat.

Q. Did not the waterman seize them?

Thorn. No, he did not; he pulled them away [rowed away] as fast as he could. I took a boat and rowed after them - There were some lighters a little way off, and some boats faitened to them, and I took one of them and rowed after them. When they came on shore I jumped upon a lighter, got on shore and took hold of the Prisoner and kept her. - I could not take them all for I had not a Constable?

Q. Did you find any thing upon her?

Thorn. I did not examine her as to that; the Justice asked me whether I could swear to the money in my pocket? I said, I could not; but it was small silver - I believe the Prisoner took it because she was by me.

Q. They were all three by you, why might not one of the others take it?

Thorn. The other two did not come near me after the money was lost.

Q. Which side of the table did the other women sit on?

Thorn. They sat on the off side of the table.

Q. Was the Prisoner near enough to touch you after you pulled out the money to pay the reckoning?

Thorn. Yes, I believe she was.

Q. Had not you the other two women in custody as well as this?

Thorn. After I got on shore I had them all three in custody.

Q. Why did not you keep them?

Thorn. Because I could not.

Prisoner. Did not I go voluntarily with you before the Justice?

Thorn. I can't say you did voluntarily, because we laid hold of you .

Q. Who is we?

Thorn . There were some others took my part, that they did not mob me off.

Jury . When you took her did you charge her with robbing you?

Thorn . I said she had picked my pocket.

Jury . What did she say?

Thorn . She laughed at me. Acquitted .

Samuel Roach, William Bucklimes.
12th September 1744
Reference Numbert17440912-28
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s; Not Guilty

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