Old Bailey Proceedings.
10th July 1734
Reference Number: 17340710

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Old Bailey Proceedings front matter.
10th July 1734
Reference Numberf17340710-1

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THE PROCEEDINGS AT THE Sessions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, FOR THE City of LONDON, AND County of MIDDLESEX, ON

Wednesday the 10th, Thursday the 11th, and Friday the 12th of July, in the Seventh Year of His

MAJESTY's Reign.

Being the Sixth SESSIONS in the Mayoralty of the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM BILLERS, Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of LONDON, in the Year 1734.



Printed for J. WILFORD, behind the Chapter-House, near St. Paul's. M,DCC,XXXIV.

(Price Six Pence.)

Where may be had the foregoing Numbers in this Mayoralty, and the Sessions-Papers of the last.


BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir WILLIAM BILLERS , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Lord Chief Baron Reynolds ; Mr. Justice Lee ; Mr. Justice Fortescue Aland ; Mr. Serjeant Urlin, Deputy-Recorder of the City of London, and others His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.

London Jury.

Robert Arnold ,

Fairfax Jarvis ,

William Coleman ,

John Mascall ,

Richard Harper ,

John Martin ,

Anthony North ,

Thomas Cotton ,

Charles Matthews ,

George Macadam ,

William Brown ,

Ford Beccham .

Middlesex Jury.

Thomas Whiton , Gent.

Joseph Wootton ,

Samuel Litenhouse ,

Thomas May ,

Thomas Russell ,

John Hall ,

John Ball ,

William Covey ,

John Tredwell ,

Foulk Sheppard ,

Philip Forrester ,

Joseph Smith .

Nicholas Baldwin.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-1

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1. Nicholas Baldwin , was indicted for stealing 953 Ells of flaxen Russia-Cloth, val. 15 l. 114 Ells of Hempen Russia Cloth, val. 20 s. 4 Ells of Holland, value 20 s. 17 Ells of Russia Diaper, val. 36 s. 40 Yards of Silesia Linen, value 30 s. 4 Yards of Muslin, value 18 s. 1 Yard of Huckaback, 1 Yard of Diaper, half a Yard of Holland, 24 printed Handkerchiefs, value 35 s. 30 Yards of Lawn, val. 3 l. 13 Yards of Cambrick, val. 5 l. 19 Ells of Garlick, val. 48 s. 30 Yards of Dimity, val. 24 s. 14 Yards of Diaper, val. 25 s. and a Damask Table-cloth, value 8 s. the Goods of William Chase , Ambrose Harney , and Henry Nap , in their House , May 28 .

Mr. Chase. The Prisoner was my Servant ; some of the Goods being found where he had dispos'd of them, he was examin'd, and confess'd that he had taken them. He was carry'd before Alderman Brocas, where his Consession was taken in Writing.

[ Then the Prisoner's Confession, taken before Sir Richard Brocas , June 11. being prov'd was read in Court]

He confess'd, that at divers Times, within these two Years, he had taken several Pieces of Linen, &c. in the House William Chase , Ambrose Harvey , and Henry Nap , to the Value of 40 l. and upwards.

Prisoner. I have nothing to say, but to throw myself on the Mercy of the Court.

The Jury found him guilty of the Indictment. Death .

Elizabeth Gray.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-2

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2. Elizabeth Gray , was indicted for stealing a pair of silver Buckles, and several other Things , the Goods of Johanna Lehook , June 4 . Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Catherine Maria White.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-3

Related Material

3. Catherine Maria White , was indicted for stealing a pair of Stays, value 10 s. the Property of Robert Thomas , June 10 . Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Ann Andrews.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-4
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

4. Ann Andrews , was indicted for stealing a Camblet Hood, and Cloak , the Goods of Henry Pepper , June 29 . Acquitted .

Elizabeth Mackey, Mary Jones.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-5

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5, 6. Elizabeth Mackey , and Mary Jones , (two Girls ) were indicted for stealing (with Hannah Williams , since deceas'd) 33 Guineas, the Property of William Bourn , in the House of Robert Wells , April 23 . Acquitted .

Martha Williamson.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-6
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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7. Martha Williamson , was indicted for stealing a Table-cloth, two Curtains, a Common Prayer-book, &c. the Goods of Andrew Hook , Esq ; and a Hood, 3 Handkerchiefs, &c . the Goods of Austin Wilkins , Jan. 20 . No Evidence. Acquitted .

William Smith.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-7
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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8. William Smith , was indicted for stealing a Hat, a Cap, a Shirt, &c. the Goods of Thomas Rigby , June 23 . No Evidence; Acquitted .

Mary Brown.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-8
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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9. Mary Brown , was indicted for stealing a pair of Shoes , the Property of John Radford , June 6 . No Evidence; acquitted .

Elizabeth Townsend.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-9
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

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10. Elizabeth Townsend , was indicted for stealing two Sheets, and two Pillowbiers , the Goods of Stephen Reader , June 9 . No Evidence, acquitted .

Robert Budd.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-10
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

11. Robert Budd , was indicted for stealing a Stew-pan , the Property of Edward Rook , June 36 . Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Hook.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-11
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

12. Elizabeth Hook, alias Cofield , was indicted for stealing a Silver-watch, the Property of Daniel Anstead , in his House , May 31. Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Bullen.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-12
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

13. Elizabeth Bullen , was indicted for stealing a Silver-watch, privately, from the Person of John Laws , June 1 .

John Laws. Near 11 at Night, going by the Lock and Key, in Smithfield, the Prisoner catc'd hold of me, and ask'd me to give her a D am I went with her to a Brandy-shop in Duck Lane ; I stay'd there half an Hour, and we had three Quarterns of Brandy. I was a little Suspicious, and therefore felt several times for my Watch, and still found it in my Pocket. But by and by, she suddenly call'd the Woman of the House, and gave her the Money for the Brandy, at which I was a little Surpriz'd, and feeling again for my Watch, I miss'd it. I held fast hold of the Prisoner, and call'd for a Constable, upon which two Men, who were in the Foreroom, for she and I were in a private Room backwards, came and hussled me about, and one of them pretended to be a Constable, and order'd me to quit her, but however I would not let her go, but carry'd her to the Watch-house in Cloth-Fair, and the Constable committed us both to the Compter - Next Day she offer'd to return the Watch for 2 Guineas, and afterwards the Man at the Brandy-shop promis'd to help me to it for a Guinea and a Half. Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Nathan Boston.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-13
VerdictGuilty > theft under 40s

Related Material

14. Nathan Boston , was indicted for stealing two Guineas, and 5 s. the Goods of Robert Weaver , in his House , June 4 . Guilty 39 s.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Mary Brown, Mary Haywood.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-14
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

Related Material

15, 16. Mary Brown , and Mary Haywood , were indicted for stealing 16 Plates , the Goods of Luke Tench , June 15 . Haywood acquitted , and Brown Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Richardson.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-15
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

17. Elizabeth Richardson, alias Prat, alias Taylor , was indicted for stealing two Sauce-pans, two Shirts, &c. the Goods of Joseph Clark , June 9 . Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Maybell Anderson.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-16
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

18. Maybell Anderson , was indicted for stealing a Gown , the Property of Sarah Applebee . No Evidence. Acquitted .

Mary Haycock, Ann Haycock.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-17
VerdictsNot Guilty; Guilty
SentencesDeath > burning

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19, 20 Mary Haycock , (Wife of John Haycock , and Ann Haycock her Daughter, were indicted for High Teason, for having in their Custody a Pair of wooden Flasks for Coining , without any lawful Cause. They were a second Time indicted for concealing the said Flasks : And a third time for Coining 3 false and counterfeit Six pences , June 1 .

The first and second Indictments appearing defective , the Prisoners were then try'd on the third.

Ann Russel . The Prisoners were discharged out of Newgate the Sessions before last, and the very Night of their being set at Liberty, they came to Lodge in my Room, in Drury-Lane, almost facing Backer's-Lane. I saw them do nothing there, but in 2 or 3 Weeks my Landlord was put to a Nonplush, and so we were all forced to move - Then I took a Room up two Pair of Stairs in Mrs. Weaver's House in Baldwin's-Gardens , and the Prisoners went with me. I had 2 Beds, the old Woman Mary Haycock lay with me (for my Husband who is a Shoemaker, worked at Battersea ) and her Daughter Ann Haycock and another lay together in the other Bed - There was a little Closet in the Room with a Door to it, but no Lock nor Key, where we used to put odd Things out of the way. It was darkish, tho' not so dark neither, but one could see common Things. The old Woman used often to take a Candle and go into this Closet, and shut the Door, and stay there a pretty while. The Daughter seldom went in but when she was call'd.

Council. Do you know what the old Woman did there?

Russel. I thought she was at Work.

Council. What Work?

Russel Coining.

Council. What reason had you to think so?

Russel. She had been try'd at Hicks's-Hall for putting off bad Money, but was discharged, and I was in hopes she was innocent when I took her in to Lodge with me. But one Night, when I was in Bed, I heard her blowing the Fire, upon which I got up anend, an asked her what she was about; she said, No harm - There was an Instrument full of Whiting, which was a Mould, that lay upon the Hearth; she put some Metal into two Tobacco-pipes, and put them into the Fire, and when the Metal was melted, she took the Mold in one Hand and the Pipe in another, and Teem'd [ pour'd ] the Metal into the Mold, and afterwards open'd it, and took out a Six-pence, and put it into her Pocket Apron, and so she did several times, but her Daughter was not with her all that Time. Mrs. Haycock (says I) I thought you were not guilty of such Things, but since I find how it is, in my Room you shall stay no longer: she said I need not be so uneasy, for no harm should come to me. This was on a Tuesday Night.

M. Haycock. And why did not you inform sooner?

Russel. Because I did not know who to apply to, but upon enquiring I found out Mr. North who belongs to the Mint.

Council. Did you see the Girl Ann Haycock do any thing?

Russel. I came up Stairs one Day, and knock'd at the Door, the Mother asked who was there? I said it was I, she did not open the Door directly, but when I got in, I saw two Pipes in the Fire, and the Mold upon the Hearth. She took the Pipes out and laid them aside, and put the Mold into her Apron, and her Daughter was then with her. I did not then see the Daughter do any thing. But once I saw the Daughter boiling something in a little Tin-pot, I look'd into the Pot, and there was 14 or 15 Shillings and Six-pences. I ask'd her what she was doing, but she took the Pot away and said it did not concern me - There was a sort of Red stuff in the Pot - Another time I saw the Girl with several Six-pences in her Lap, and she was rubbing them with Whiting.

Mr. North. On the 27th of May, Ann Russel gave me much the same Account as she has given now - I appointed to meet her on Saturday, June 1, and accordingly, taking two (Mr. Morris and Mr. Atkins ) to assist me, we met. The Street Door was open: We went up softly, and Atkins being foremost he push'd against the Door of the Room, and it gave way, and we went in. The old Woman made a great Outcry of Murder, and was so turbulent, that we were oblig'd to tye her Hands, tho' we had some difficulty in doing it. There was a Candle in the Closet - Atkins said that he saw something glitter in a little notch in the Floor, just by the Wall, and there he found two counterfeit Six-pences, which he gave to me: Morris found three more, and these are the five - I take them to be nothing but Pewter. There were several Rags and Pieces of Leather that seem'd to be whited with Whiting. There was a Deal-box too: I ask'd the Girl for the Key of it, she said it belong'd to a young Woman who was gone out, and had taken the Key with her; upon which I was going to break it open, but upon second thoughts I resolv'd to search the old Woman first. I did so, and in her Pocket found this Key. It fitted the Lock, and I open'd the Box with it. There was a pretty deal of Cambrick in the Box, and several odd Things of little value, which I suppose they had bought in putting off their bad Money. At last I met with this Pair of wooden Flasks for Coining: The way is, to fill these with fine powder'd Chalk, and then make an impression of the Money they design to Counterfeit; there was likewise this little Box of Red Argol: 'Tis what the Silver-smiths Use, by boiling it with the Silver they have cast, to fetch the sand out of the Pores of the Silver, and cleanse it from dirt and soil. It appears to be the same that the last Evidence observed in the Tin-pot when the Girl was boiling the Counterfeit Money, for here is that Pot (which we found in the Closet) and some of the Argol is still sticking about the sides.

M. Haycock. Was I in the Closet, or the Room when you came in?

Mr. North. I am not certain which, but I think you were near the Closet, if not in it.

M. Haycock. I was just stept into the Closet with a Candle in my Hand to fetch a Dish to take up my Husband's Dinner.

Mr. North. When I first open'd the Box the Daughter desir'd me not to take the Linnen away, because it was all they shou'd have to live upon in Newgate. When I came to the Flasks, I said to her, You pretend to a great deal of Innocence; but how came you by these? She pleaded Ignorance; but while I was searching farther, she turn'd aside to her Mother, and said softly, Mother we are gone!

I carried them before my Lord Mayor, and then I return'd to the Room, to see what else I cou'd meet with. I poked among the Ashes, where I found some dross, and little pieces of Metal, and several Tobacco-pipes, that look'd as if they had been burnt in the Fire.

M. Haycock. Any body might happen to have a burnt Pipe in their Room.

Mr. North. But these Pipes had Metal in them, and it was run a good way up the holes - Here is one that is broke, but the pieces hang together by the Lead.

M. Haycock. Did you find any bad Money upon me when you searched me?

Mr. North. No - I found some Money, but it was good.

Henry Atkins . I assisted Mr. North. I went up first, and found the Door ty'd with a piece of red Tape. I push'd it open, and went directly into the Closet, where the Mother was kneeling or sitting with a Candle in her hand; she set up a terrible Irish Hallaloo. I pull'd her out into the Room, but she was so very troublesome that we were forced to tye her Hands. I saw something glitter in a Crevice in the Closet Floor, just by the Wall; upon examining, I found two counterfeit Six-pences, which I gave to Mr. North. I heard him ask the Girl for the Key, and heard her say, that another young Woman had got it; and saw him take it from the old Woman, and open the Box, and found the Flasks; but I did not hear what the Girl said to the old Woman - And I was with Mr. North when he found the Pipes with the Metal in them.

Henry Morris , Clerk to Mr. North. Mr. Atkins went in first, and got the old Woman out of the Room; she made a great Noise and resisted; and thereupon we ty'd her Hands. Mr. North asked for the Key; it was deny'd, but he found it on the old Woman, and open'd the Box, and as soon as he found the Flasks, she fell into a greater Agony than before, and shriek'd out, Murder and Thieves! Atkins found 2 Six-pences, and I found 3 more.

M. Haycock. It was not my Box, but Mrs Russel's where the Things were found.

Russel. That's true, but I lent her the Box to put her Things in, and I made no use of it while she was there.

M. Haycock. I had no occasion for a Box, for I had not a ha'porth of any thing to put into one, having been 5 Weeks in Prison, where I and my Daughter got the Jail Distemper - And I have 6 Children - It's very strange that after I had suffer'd so much on Suspicion of putting off bad Money, I shou'd venture to Coin in an open Room, that had no Lock to the Door: And besides, there was another Woman, Katherine Kelly, constantly in the same Room, and therefore they only swear this against me, for the sake of a Reward. Here, Mrs. Kelly - Pray

Mrs. Kelly did you ever see me Coin? or handle any bad Money? or see any body come after me with bad Money? or see me sit up later than ordinary?

Katherine Kelly . No.

M. Haycock. And I defy all the World to say otherwise.

Council. But some part of the World have sworn otherwise.

Council. What Country Woman are you?

Kelly. An Irish Woman - I lay in the same Room with the Prisoners.

Russel. Yes, she was in the same Room but she was a Bed and asleep when the Prisoner made the Six-pences.

Kelly. I might be asleep, I don't deny that.

The Jury acquitted the Daughter, and found the Mother Guilty . Death .

Elizabeth Tracey, Ann Knight.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-18
SentencesDeath > burning

Related Material

21, 22. Elizabeth Tracey , and Ann Knight , were indicted, with Judith Murray not yet taken, for high Treason: in making

30 false and counterfeit Six-pences , Feb. 20. in the 6th Year of the King .

They were a second time indicted for making 20 false and counterfeit Shillings .

Ann St. Laurence . My Brother-in-law, * John Brown (who married my Sister Margaret) brought me acquainted with this Knight, and that Tracey in November, 1733. I saw them first at my Brother's Room, in Mercer-Street behind Long-Acre, but the Prisoner liv'd in White-Lion-Street, near the 7 Dials - My Brother is now Dead.

* John Brown, and Margaret his Wife, alias Margaret Berry , were condemn'd for Coining in October 1733. Session Paper. Numb. 8. p. 222.

Council. How did he die?

St. Laurence. He suffer'd.

Council. Was he hang'd?

St. Laurence. Yes, for Coining - God rest his Soul - and my Sister was condemn'd too, but proving with Child she was afterwards Transported - Poor Woman! When she first married him she did not know what Trade he follow'd - But he came home one day Alefied, and struck her, and said she must part with Hereticks, or be damn'd - For ye must know he was a Papish.

Council. Do you know any thing of their Coining?

St. Laurence. Yes, about the 30th of Jan. was 12 month, I went to see my Brother the Prisoner, and Judith Murray was with him. They appear'd a little surpriz'd: But he told them, they need not be afraid, for I was his Wife's Sister - I saw them produce Six-pences out of an Iron Mould, for they said, they had made use of wooden Moulds, but did not like them, because they warped. Tracey had a Pipe in her Mouth when I came in, and held her Apron up so. Judith Murray was cleaning a Pipkin, and Knight stood with her back against the Dresser. But as soon as my Brother had put them out of their fears, Tracey put the Pipe into the fire, and melted some Metal. Then she held her Knees so - And the Iron frame so - And took out the Pipe, and pour'd the Metal into the Frame, and when it was cold she threw out Shillings. I did not see Knight do any thing then; but afterwards I saw her clip the nobs off the Sixpences, and cut them smooth on the Edges, and then file them, and rub them smooth in a Flannel. At the End of August, or beginning of September, I went to Mr. Strong, [or Stahan's Cellar] at the Fox in King-Street by the Seven Dials, and there was Tracey and Catherine Bougle , and Mary Haycock , and her Daughter Nanny. Mother Haycock was making half Crowns to go into the Country, for she said they cou'd put them off better in the Country than in Town, for the Country People were not so cautious; but Six-pences were left for London. Damn me, says Tracey, if I would ever go into the Country with half Crowns, as long as I get a Crown a Night in London with Six pences. The Prisoners both engaged me to put off Money for them. I have put off ten or twelve Shillings a Night, and had half for my Pains - We used to buy Smallcoal, Tape, Thread, or any odd triflle to get Change.

Tracey. She had no Occasion to put off bad Money for me when she could have enough from her Brother - She might have taken me up when my Sister was in Prison, or when I my self was 5 Weeks in Jail - She swore falsely against Maccanelly, told me if I would give her 8 Guineas, she would not Prosecute my Sister - And why does she swear against me now?

St. Laurence. For the good of his Majesty, and the Poor Publick, that they might not be imposed on.

Alice Dearing . About 3 Months before Christmas was a 12 Month, the Prisoner came to my Room, and enquired when I had seen Elizabeth Wright (who was the Prisoner Knight's Mother) for they knew that I was acquainted with her. Tracey brought me 20 counterfeit Six-pences, which is 10 Shillings in the Plural Number, and said if you can make off these to Night, I'll bring you as many more to Morrow Morning, and so in the Morning she brought me ten more, by the same token that I had got a Quartern-loaf upon the Table. And at Night Tracey and Judith Murray were sent to Clarkenwell, for putting off bad Money; and Knight came to me with a little heavy Trunk, and asked me

if I had got a spare Room? I told her Yes; and then she desired me to lend her a Candle, a Fire shovel, and some Small-coal; so she went into the Room, and lit a fire. I peep'd in, and finding what she was about, I push'd back the Lock, and she had got a Pipe in her Hand, and a Mould in her Lap, What are you at this Work? Says I. Aye, says she, I must do it here for fear the Metal should be found at my Lodging, tho' I have left 12 half Crowns under my washing Tub. I saw her make 12 or 14 Six-pences; it's true upon the virtue of my Oath; and then she said she must go to Strong's Cellar to finish them. I went thither after her, and there she was boiling Money; what I swear, is upon the Truth, and God's Truth; and she said, Give me the ten Shillings you had of Tracey, for the Colour is not good enough, and I must mend it, and so I gave her ten Shillings in the Plural Number.

Another time when I was at Strong's, Tracey came in and said, If you go into the Country to pass away Money, put Wheat, Meal, and Cheshire Cheese crumbled among it, and that will make it's Colour; and then she pull'd out a Purse with some Money in it, and said, how bright these look? Her Sister Catharine Bougle was there at the same time.

One time I went to Tracey's, at the French Change, and knock'd at the Door, whose there? says she; 'tis Alice Dearing , says I. Then she open'd the Door, and said, O, I am not afraid of you. And there I saw her turn out 10 or 12 Shillings.

Knight. It was you that swore away my Mother's Life and my Sister's.

Dearing. I have seen Tracey in St. Laurence's Sister's Room, in Mercer-street, in Long-Acre, and I know Tracey had a Lodging in White-Lion-street - She led John Brown into the secret of stealing the Silver Cup, for which they were both try'd.

Tracey. Why did not you inform against me when you swore against Wright?

Dearing. Tracey came to my Room, and said, What are you going along with Nan St. Laurence, to swear against my Sister - And then taking up a Knife - Shall I speak the Words? - G - Blood a Nouns, says she, if any Whore or Bitch should swear against my Sister, I will slinge her as I did the Bitch that stopt me for Shop lifting - I gave her 8 or 9 Stabs, tho' I did not kill her - Or else G - d - 'em I'll Pop 'em, or do their Business some other way. And so she laid the Knife down then, and I took it up, and said she should never kill any Body with that Knife.

Tracey. But you swore away my Mother's Life for all that.

Anthony Macknelly . I know nothing of their Coining, but I have seen them often put off bad Six-pences, and particularly about February was a 12 Month.

Knight - It was you that hang'd Brow-and his Wife - Why did not you inform against us?

Macnelly. So I did: I acquainted Mr. North with it when I inform'd against Brown and his Wife, and his Wife's Sister St. Laurence - But I have been in Confinement 14 Months.

Council. Call Winifred Swinney.

Tracey. She don't know one of us from t'other. [Then the Prisoners changed Places.]

Winifred Swinney . I have seen the Prisoners Coin several times, by means of an unfortunate Nephew of mine, I have been with them in putting off bad Money - It's true on the virtue of my Oath.

Council. Which is Tracey?

Swinney. She in the Green-gown, and the other in the Linnen Gown is Knight; I have been with them at their Lodgings at Mr. Frazier's a Potter's-shop in White-Lion-Street up 2 Pair of Stairs, on the right hand from the 7 Dials, at Brown's Lodgings in Vine street, in Broad St. Giles's, and in - Cammel's Room, three Days after Brown was taken - Cammel is a little Fellow in a Green-coat, he cries News; I know that Ann St. Laurence is Brown's Sister - Tracey stole a Silver Cup, and put it into Brown's Pocket, and they were both try'd for it here.

The Prisoners Defence.

Tracey. Hearing that Alice Dearing was concern'd in Coining, I inform'd against her, and Coining-Implements were found in her House. However Mr. North sent me to Jail for a conspiracy against her Life, under

pretence that I had put the Implements into her House on purpose, and he excepted against my Bail, till he met with St. Laurence and Swtney.

Knight. The Implements were not only found in Dearing's House, but she had let me so far into the secret, that I could have proved her guilty of Coining - But she said that Mr. North had given her leave to Coin.

James Smart , Turnkey of New-Prison. About the 15th of June last, Alice Dearing came to the Prisoner, and drank with them, and said if they'd give her 5 Guineas she'd not prosecute them.

Shorey. Strong rented a Cellar of me - I afterwards heard that People made Money there; and so I went and search'd, but I found no signs of Fire.

Elizabeth Strong . The Prisoners were never in my Cellar to my knowledge.

Elizabeth Cammel . I never saw the Prisoers come in my Room - I know St. Laurence to be both Whore and Thief.

Mary Lacy . and so do I too - she's a vild Woman.

Elizabeth Reynolds . Aye, so she is - She stole a Loin of Pork in St. James's-Market - And she said to me, Ah you fool, if you would but swear against Tracey and Knight you should have half the Reward, and then you need not carry them heavy Loads. My Husband stood behind and knock'd me down for keeping such Company.

Edward Reynolds . So I did - for Dearing said, that she ow'd them a great spight, and would make my Wife a Gentlewoman if she'd swear against them.

Mary Minnocks . I was Alice Dearing's Maid, she often tutor'd me to take these Peoples Lives away. She said she had got 19 l. by convicting Wright, and I should have 20 l. if I swore against these, and if I did not she would swear against me; and so I was persuaded to swear against them, but my Conscience flew into my Face after I had done it.

Knight. I was in Ireland when the things they charge me with were done.

Eleanor Hall. On the 14th of December last, Knight and I left Dublin and came to England together.

Council. But are you sure she had not been in England before that time?

Hall. I know nothing of that.

The Jury found the Prisoners both Guilty . Death .

Aaron Jarvis.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-19
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

23. Aaron Jarvis , was indicted for privately stealing a Handkerchief, value 1 s. 6 d. from the Person of William Early , June 5 .

Mr. Early. As I was going thro' Bishopsgate , between 8 and 9 in the Evening, the Prisoner put his Hand into my Pocket, and drew my Handkerchief half way out - I seiz'd his hand with the Handkerchief in it, and held him till he was secur'd. The Jury found him Guilty. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Bradley.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-20
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

24. Elizabeth Bradley , was indicted for stealing 2 Brass Kettles, and other Things , the Goods of Sarah De Paz , July 1 . Acquitted .

Mary Taylor, Frances Hedges.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-21
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

25, 26. Mary Taylor , and Frances Hedges , were indicted for stealing a Hat, a Wig, a Prayer Book , the Goods of James Cannon , July 8 . Guilty 10 d. each.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Catharine Bougle.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-22
SentencesDeath > burning

Related Material

27. Catharine Bougle, alias Tracey , was indicted for Hig Treason, in Coining 40 false and counterfeit Six-pences , August 8 .

She was a second time indicted for Coining 12 counterfeit Shillings , August 30 .

Ann St. Laurence . The Prisoner's Name is Tracey, but she goes by the Names Steward and Bougle.

Prisoner. Tracey was my Maiden Name, but my Husband's Name is Bougle.

St. Laurence. She Lodg'd at Alice Dearing's, against the George in little Drury-lane, by the new Church in the Strand - In the beginning of August I met by chance my Brother-in-law John Brown , and ask'd him where his Wife (my Sister) was; for since she was got in among these Coiners, I knew not where to find her. My Brother told me, I might meet with her at Alice Dearing's. So about 11 next Morning, I went to Dearing's, where I found only the Prisoner and my Brother, he told her that I was his Wife's Sister, and told me, that the Prisoner was Bett Tracey's Sister. Then he went to Work, and made some Money, which he threw into her Lap, and she cut off the knobs, and filed the Edges. In about an Hour's time Alice Dearing came in,

and after her my Sister. I staid till 3 a Clock in the afternoon. This was about the 9th or 10th of August, and about 4 days after I went to Christopher Strong 's Cellar; his Wife was with Child, and my Sister Margaret Brown introduced me to be the Nurse: there were my Brother and Sister, Mother Haycock, and her Daughter and Sons, the Prisoner and her Sister Betty Stracy . They had got 2 Iron Molds, one for Shillings and another for Six-pences, with something white in the middle. They melted Pint and half Pint Pewter Pots in a Fire-shovel over a Charcoal-fire, and then cut the Metal into small Pieces, which they put into a Pipe, and so melted the same again, and then pour'd it into the Molds, and threw Shillings out of one Mold, and Six-pences out of another.

Council. Who did this?

St. Laurence. My Brother made Six-pences, and gave them to the Prisoner, who cut off the Lumps, and pared the Money round, and filed the Edges in Imitation of Milling, and rubbed them with Flannel. She put one into my Hand, and said, It is a pity that any Body should be hang'd for their Ingenuity. When he was hot and tired, she took some of the Lumps she had cut off, and squeezing them together with her Teeth, put them into a Pipe, melted them, and pour'd the Metal into the Shilling Mold, and so made Shillings. Mother Haycook and her Daughter, and John Knight her Son, and Betty Tracey , were employ'd in making half Crowns, to carry into the Country - Tracey said, that Six-pences went off best at Publick-houses in Town; and that Tankards were the best Pewter for making Money - Mrs. Strong brought in some Charcoal - I stay'd there about an Hour - The Prisoner and I, and my Brother and Sister afterwards put off the Six-pences in Spittle-Fields; but the Prisoner put off the first in Cheapside, to an old Woman that sold Nuts and Gingerbread. I said it was a Shame to cheat such a poor Woman, and so I went back and gave her a good Six-pence for the bad one. Tracey went presently into the Country to make off the half Crowns, for the Country People were not so sharp as those in London; and I saw no more of her till October, the Night before my Brother and Sister were try'd.

Prisoner. Put her to the Virtue of her Oath, why she did not discover me sooner.

St. Laurence. Because my Brother was concern'd with her. But after he was try'd, I heard that she was taken at Hammersmith, and committed to the Gatehouse; and then I inform'd Mr. North where she was.

Prisoner. When my Sister was upon her Trial, did not you give Two-pence to get me into Court?

St. Laurence. Yes.

Prisoner. And why did you not take me then?

St. Laurence. Because your Sister hurry'd you away, and you got out of Court as soon as the Trial was over; and I saw you no more, 'till Alice Dearing told me you were in the Gatehouse for putting off bad Money at Hammersmith.

Prisoner. I was taken the 4th of December, and kept 'till the 27th of April, which was near 5 Months, and you did not give your Information 'till the 4th of March.

St. Laurence. I inform'd 6 Months ago, upon the Virtue of my Oath - You were sent from the Gatehouse to Hicks's-Hall, where you were try'd and acquitted.

Prisoner. That was for putting off bad Money; but why was I not try'd for Coining?

Alice Dearing . I was acquainted with Elizabeth Wright , who was convicted of Coining when she first came from Ireland, which was about two Years ago; but I did not then know what Business she follow'd. She went back again, and came over a second Time, in August last, with the Prisoner. Before I had seen Wright, the Prisoner came to my Room, and told me Wright was come again, but that they had quarrel'd - How so? says I. Why, says the Prisoner, I made off 6 l. and she allow'd me but half a Guinea, tho' I ought to have had the best Part, for the Moulds were mine, and I made most of the Money.

Prisoner. Put her to the Virtue of her Oath upon that.

Dearing. I am upon my Oath. And she said, she had but that half Guinea in the World, and therefore desir'd I would let her lie with my Children, 'till she could get another Lodging. I consented, and on the third Day she desir'd I would give her leave to work. What work? says I. You shall see, says she; and so she took the Moulds out of her Pocket, melted some Pewter in a Fire-Shovel, and then threw it on the Hearth, and cut it into small Pieces. Then she sent my Boy for a Pipe, put some Metal into it, and when it was hot, she held the Mould on her Knee thus - and pour'd the Metal in, and knock'd it thus - to settle. When it was cold she threw out a King William's Six-pence, plainer on the Cross side than the Head. After she had done, she knock'd the white Stuff out of the Moulds, ty'd them in one Cloth, and the Stuff in another - I was curious to see the Moulds, before she broke them; but she would not let me, for she said, she had sworn to let no Body see them, but those that had seen them before - She clipp'd the Edges of the Six-pences with her Scissars, and then scraped them with a Knife, and went to a Brasier's, the Corner of Catherine-Street, and bought a warded File, with which she filed them, and then rubb'd them, and boil'd them in the Soap and a yellow Stuff that Dyers use.

Prisoner. St. Laurence said it was Cochineal.

Dearing. You had several Colours - I went out with her that Night to a Brandy-shop, where she put off one, and then she went to look for Mrs. Strong, to go out with her. About two Weeks after this (having left her to look after my Children while I went out to work) I went home, and found the Prisoner and John Brown, and St. Laurence with her; the Prisoner open'd the Door with something in her Lap. I said, What have you been doing? She answer'd, You know - St. Laurence shook her Head at me; and Brown being no great Acquaintance, went out. Then the Prisoner open'd her Apron, and shew'd me near 100 King William's Six-pences, and said, that she and Brown made them. I told her she should do no more there, for if my Husband should know of it he'd sacrifice me. She promis'd she would not; but she would find out Moll Haycock , who was her Scholar. But yet about Bartholomew-Tide, I caught her at it again with John Brown. I thought I had warn'd you of this before, says I. Well, says she, the Metal is just melted, and when I have made this out, I'll make no more in your Room; and then she made 20 Six-pences and some Shillings. The last pour'd was a half Six-pence, for there was not Metal enough for a whole one - As she was going down Stairs, she met her Sister Betty Tracey, who told her she had found out Moll. Haycock.

After this the Prisoner bought some Necklaces, and other Pedlars Wares, and went into the Country, thro' Oxford to Bybury, 70 Miles from London, and I went with her. She had some Money of her own making, some of her Sister's, and some of Brown's, and we put off 6l. in that Journey.

Prisoner. Mr. North and she are both in one Injunction - What Conversation had you with Wright at her second coming over?

Dearing. She desir'd me to go out with her, and gave me a Six pence to put off in Lombard-Street, and I was taken up for it, and try'd at Guild-Hall, and acquitted.

Court. Why did you let the Prisoner continue so long in your House, if you were so fearful your Husband should know it?

Dearing. The Truth is, I was willing to learn to Coin myself, but could not, for they would never let me into the Secret.

Prisoner. I was in Jail when Elizabeth Wright was try'd, and why did you not inform against me then?

Dearing. I did not think it was you, because you were committed by the Name of Bougle, and I never knew you by any other Name than Tracey and Stuart.

Prisoner. I was committed by the Name of Tracey - But you had need talk of Names, when you go by three Names your self - Dearing, Crouder, and Bunting.

Winifred Swinney . I secur'd the Prisoner.

My Acquaintance begun by means of a Nephew, who was acquainted with Brown, who left him in the Lurch in the Gate-house - In last August, I went to Strong's Cellar, to get some Subsistence for my Nephew, and there was Brown and the Prisoner. She took some melted Metal out of an Iron ladle with a Pipe, and pour'd it into a little round Thing like Iron, and she open'd it, and Six-pences or Shillings came out. They would not let me have the iron Thing in my Hand, for fear of letting me into the Secret - I saw her Coin but three times, one Day she made Shillings, and two Days Six-pences. After they were cast, she clipp'd and filed them, and put 'em into her Handkerchief, and bent them in her Mouth Then she got a Ha'porth of Hemlock and a Quarter of a Pound of Soap, and put them into a Pot with Water and the Money; and Strong's Wife blow'd the Charcoal fire to make it boil - I thought it had been spoil'd, and they were going to melt it over-again - After this I met the Prisoner in Holborn. We went into a Gin-shop, and she gave a Six-pence to change I had her Apron to wash, there were several Holes in it, and I ask'd her how they came? She said she had burnt them with the Metal.

Mr. North. Some time about December last, the Prisoner, and Mary and Ann Haycock were sent to the Gatehouse for putting off bad Money at Hammersmith. They were try'd at Hicks's-Hall, and acquitted. But on the 14th of February, which was before the Trial, St. Laurence inform'd me that she had seen them and others Coin in Dearing's Lodgings.

Prisoner. And why did not you indict us then for Coining?

Mr. North. Because I was willing to keep the Information secret as long as I could, there being others in it who were not then taken. But when the Prisoner and the Haycocks were acquitted, I was oblig'd to discover my Information in order to detain them.

Prisoner. Then why did not you find a Bill in April Sessions?

Mr. North. St. Laurence was then gone out of the Way, and I knew not where to find her, and so they were discharged; but were taken again.

Prisoner. Jack North had her in his Company - Don't deny it, Jack.

Mr. North. I met with St. Laurence afterwards, and she said she had been to see her Sister Margaret Berry to Gravesend

The Jury found her Guilty . Death .

George King.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-23
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s
SentenceCorporal > whipping

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28. George King , was indicted for stealing (with Richard Dyer , not yet taken) some old Iron, old Rope, 3 Dozen of Stockfish, and 12 Pieces of Beer, the Goods of Martin Salter , in the Ship Don Francisco , June 14. Guilty 10 d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Humphry Remmington.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-24

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29. Humphry Remmington , of Finchly , was indicted for the Murder of William Wells , by giving him, on the Right side of the Head with a Dung-fork, one mortal Wound and Bruise, June 8 , of which he dy'd the same Day .

He was a second Time indicted on the Coroner's Inquisition for the said Murder.

The Witnesses were examin'd a-part.

Richard Roberts . The Deceas'd, and William Kirby , and I, were going to water our Horses at a Pond before the Prisoner's door, on Finchly-Common . The Prisoner came out, hit my Fore-horse on the Head, and took me a good Knock; but for all that, I went to lead my Horse to the Pond, upon which the Prisoner took me by the Hair, and dragg'd me to his Door, and beat and abused me. Kirby said, don't abuse the Lad; but if he has done any thing contrary to Law, take the Law of him. And the Deceas'd (who was then unreining his Horses) said, If you want to fight, don't fight with a Lad, but with a Man; and so begun to unbutton his Coat. Upon that the Prisoner went in, and fetch'd out a three tined Dung-fork. Sure, says Kirby, you won't be such a Villain as to knock the Man down? The Deceas'd made no offer to fight; but the Prisoner struck him on the Head with the edge of the Dung-fork, and he dropt down immediately - We help him up, and set him against the Sign-post, and in less than a Quarter of an Hour got him upon his Horse; the Prisoner in the mean time was damning and swearing that no Body should come to Water at his Pond.

The Deceas'd rode about a Mile, but dopt his Head like a drunken Man; but then he could ride no farther, Lord have mercy upon me, says he, he has almost kill'd me. So we put him into his Master's Dung-cart, and he lean'd his Head over the Side of it, and vomited a little Blood, and so he was carry'd to Hadley Windmill, where his Mother-in-Law lives. We felt on the Right-side of his Head, and felt it was broke: He was put to Bed, and, as I heard, dy'd in two Hours - Here is the Fork - the Prisoner held this, and struck the Deceas'd on the Head with this side of the Iron Tines - I live at Hadley. We were coming from London, and went to Water our Horses at this Pond, which lies in the Highway, and is a common Watering-place.

Prisoner. Is not the Pond rail'd in?

Roberts. It is rail'd; but not quite round, there is a Cartway left for People to drive Carts and Waggons in.

Prisoner. I did not deny your going in with your Horses; but I told you, that you should not draw your Cart in.

Roberts. No, you did not speak one Word, but struck my Fore-horse; and when I took the Fore-horse to lead him in, you fell upon me - The Deceas'd had unreined his Horses, in order to Water them, but had not water'd them when you knock'd him down; for he came after you to speak to you for beating me.

Prisoner. How far is the Pond from my House?

Roberts. 4 or 5 Pole.

Prisoner. Did not 3 Men strip and follow me 30 Yards quite to my own Door?

Roberts. No, there was not a Soul stript. The Deceas'd had only begun to strip.

William Kirby . The Prisoner beat the Lad, and I said, don't beat the Boy, but if he had done any thing against Law, take another Course with him. The Deceas'd was then standing by the Highway 2 or 3 Pole from the House, and said to the Prisoner, don't beat the Boy, beat a Man. Upon which the Prisoner ran in and brought out a Dung-fork. His Wife follow'd him and said, What! have you a mind to be hang'd? And says I, sure you don't design to be such a Villain as to kill the Man? The Deceas'd never lifted up his Hand against the Prisoner, but was standing thus with his Coat unbutton'd, and just turn'd back over his Shoulder, when the Prisoner struck him on the Head with the Prong of the Fork edgeways, and down he fell. The Boy and I help'd him up. He loll'd his Head against the Horse block, but in a little time he something recover'd himself, and then we put him upon his Horse, and afterwards into the Dung-cart, where he spit Blood; and so was carried to his Father-in-law: He had a Bruise on the right side of his Head. We sent for a Surgeon, and then left him.

Prisoner. Was not you stript to fight me?

Kirby. No, Nobody was stript.

Prisoner. Did not you follow me to my own Door? And why?

Kirby. No, no farther than your Sign Post that stands out in the Road, and there the Deceas'd was knock'd down - 'Tis the sign of the Windmill, a quarter of a Mile from Whetstone.

Council. How came you on the Prisoner's Ground?

Kirby. His Ground? I thought it had been the King's Ground - The Pond has been a common watering Place ever since the oldest Man in the Parish can remember.

Joseph Hughs . I came up with my Teem 2 Minutes before the blow was struck. The Deceas'd was then going to strip, and the Prisoner came out with the Fork and knock'd him down, while his Clothes were half stript over his Shoulders. He was help'd upon his Nag, and told the Prisoner he would make an example of him for striking him with such a Weapon. Then the Deceas'd took his Teem and rode, sometimes sitting and sometimes lying upon his Nag for about half a Mile, and then they put him upon his Load of Dung, and carried him to his Father-in-law, Thomas Perry , at Hadley.

Prisoner. Were not you stript?

Hughs. No, nor Nobody else.

Prisoner. Did not the Deceas'd threaten to fight me?

Hughs. No, he only said, don't set your

wit to a Boy but to a Man - The Deceas'd was about 35 Years old.

Wright Faulkner , Surgeon. On Saturday, June 8. I was sent for to Mr. Perry's at Hadley, where I found the Deceas'd extremely ill and speechless. He had received a violent Blow on the Head I let him Blood, he sigh'd once, and dy'd in a quarter of an Hour - On the Thursday following the Coroner sent for me. I open'd the Head of the Deceas'd, and found a large Contusion and a Fracture of 4 inches on the Temple-bone, a little above the Ear. A Piece of Bone as big as a Hazel-nut was broke quite round. I raised it up, and put a Spatula under it - I believe the Wound was the Cause of his Death.

The Prisoner's Defence.

Prisoner. The beginning of the Story was this. The Boy came up to the Pond, and I said, You shan't draw your Cart thro' the Pond, but take your Horses off, water them and welcome. Upon that, he struck me on the Head with his Whip, and the Deceas'd and 2 or 3 more stript, and said, God Damn him, let's knock him on the Head. And then the Deceas'd struck me with his Whip, and I knock'd him down.

Edward Bolton . I was 20 Yards from the Pond. The Prisoner was going from the Pond, and 3 Men follow'd him; 2 of them were stript. He look'd back, and pacing they got Ground of him; he run to his House, and somewhere in the Stable he took up this unfortunate Weapon, and then coming to his own Door, he said, Gentlemen stand off! for I'll stand in my own Defence. But they made upto him, and he struck the Deceas'd; and then one of them struck the Prisoner in the Face.

Court. Did the Deceas'd strike the Prisoner first?

Bolton. I did not see that, but when the Deceas'd fell, the Prisoner flung down the Dung-fork and went to his own House, but one of them stript, follow'd him, and several blows past between them.

Coroner. How far were you from them when the blow was given?

Bolton. About threescore Yards.

Court. And could you hear what was said at that Distance?

Bolton Yes.

Court. Who else was near when the blow was struck?

Bolton Thomas Scot was one, and several Carters stopt their Carts.

Court. Was Scot before or behind you?

Bolton. Before me.

Thomas Scot . There were 4 Carters following the Prisoner as he was making towards his own Door.

Court What Carters?

Scot. These 3 Gentlemen here, and the Deceas'd, they follow'd him to his own Door - and he turn'd his Head - And as he was going to his own Door - He met me with this Weapon.

Court. Met me with it? Where?

Scot. Some where or other.

Court. At the Door, or within the Door?

Scot. I can't say as to that; but as he was coming along with this unlawful Weapon, he said, Gentlemen, take care, I stand upon my own Defence, and then the Gentlemen -

Court. What Gentlemen?

Scot. The Deceas'd made up to him, and the Prisoner struck him with the Pitch-fork, and then threw it down, and then the Boy struck the Prisoner - The Deceas'd lay 2 or 3 Minutes, and then got upon his Horse and went to his Team.

Court. Did he get up himself?

Scot. He got up, or was hold up.

Court. Who was stript?

Scot. Two of the Carters that follow'd the Prisoner.

Court. Was the Deceas'd stript?

Scot. Yes, he was - No he was not - But the Boy was.

Court. How did the Deceas'd stand when he receiv'd the blow?

Scot. Upon his Legs - He was unbutton'd and Rioting with the rest, but he gave no blow.

Court. How came you to be there?

Scot. I had been a Haymaking for Mr. Milbourn, and was going home about 4 in the Afternoon; for we left off Work because it rain'd.

Court. How far was you off when the blow was given?

Scot. 100 Yards.

Court. Could you hear what was said at that Distance?

Scot. Yes.

Court. Where was Bolton?

Scot. He was with me; we had both been at work at the same Place, and were going together.

Court. Was he behind or before you?

Scot. Behind me.

Prisoner. I had no Malice against the Deceas'd, for I never spoke to him before, and little thought of killing him when I gave him that blow.

Several Witnesses gave the Prisoner the Character of a very sober, honest, civil Man, and not subject to be quarrelsome.

The Jury found him Guilty . Death .

10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-25
VerdictNot Guilty > fault

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30 , was indicted for Perjury, in swearing that Luke Harbol was indebted to him 3 l. 12 s. for Rent, when the said Luke owed him nothing . There was a Flaw in the Indictment, and the Defendant was Acquitted .

James Firth.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-26
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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31. James Firth , was indicted for the Murder of Valentine Clark , by beating him on the Head, Breast, Belly and Back, and giving him one mortal Bruise near the left Ear, of which Bruise he instantly dy'd , June 2 .

He was a second time indicted on the Coroner's Inquest for Manslaughter.

It appear'd, that between 2 and 3 in the Morning a Quarrel happen'd between the Prisoner and the Deceas'd in Holborn , where they box'd, and the Deceas'd was kill'd by an unlucky fall.

The Jury found the Prisoner guilty of Manslaughter .

[Branding. See summary.]

Ford Laurence.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-27
VerdictNot Guilty

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32. Ford Laurence , was indicted for stealing 3 Books , the Goods of George Gibbs , June 3 . Acquitted .

Mary Chetwin.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-28
VerdictNot Guilty

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33. Mary Chetwin , was indicted for stealing 4 silver Spoons, a silver Tankard, a silk Gown, a silk Waistcoat, and 10 Guineas, the Goods and Money of Thomas Carpenter , in his House , Jan. 29 .

The Council moved the Court that the Prosecutor might be allow'd to sit in a Chair while he gave his Evidence, he being so very antient and infirm, that he could not stand without somebody to support him; which the Court granted.

Thomas Carpenter. + I lost a silver Tankard, 5 silver Spoons, a silk Waist-coat, and a silk Gown, and a quantity of Gold, have charged but 10 Guineas, tho' I lost a great deal more. In last January I receiv'd about 500 l. from the Bank; it was in a bag upon a Prayer-Book in the Chimney-corner near the Head of my Couch where I lay, when the Prisoner took a handful of Guineas out of it.

+ In March last, William Davis , a Boy, was Capitally convicted of stealing from this Prosecutor 20 Guineas, Feb. 8. See Sessions Paper, Numb. 3. p. 81.

Prisoner. Was not you served with a Copy of a Writ, at the Suit of my Husband, for having Criminal Conversation with me?

Thomas Carpenter . Yes, - I went to bed, and she came to bed to me.

Prisoner. And was the Writ served before you charged me with taking your Money?

Thomas Carpenter. Why she would come to Bed to me, and I could not help it.

Sarah Patrick , the Prosecutor's Servant. On the 18th of January my Master had a Sum of Money brought into the House, he told it over, and put it into a Canvas-bag, and laid it upon a Prayer-Book in the right hand Chimney-corner, near his Couch; then he got out of his Chair, which stood next to the Bag, and went to sleep upon his Couch. The Prisoner, who was then sitting on the left Corner of the Chimney, got out of her Chair and sat in his. I was then in the Yard, and saw her take the Bag and put it into her Lap under a Cambrick Apron that she was mending; upon which I came in, and ask'd her where the Bag was; she said, as it was left to her charge she had taken it into her Lap for fear she should fall asleep, and somebody should come in and steal it. So I went into the Yard again, and peep'd through a Crevice of the Door, and saw her put her hand into the Bag, and take a handful of Gold out, and put it into her Pocket. Then she ty'd up the Bag again, and laid it where

she took it from. and then moved from my Master's Chair into her own - My Master had a Green striped Sattin Waistcoat, it was one that his late Wife used to wear; but she has been dead 9 or 10 Years. I ask'd the Prisoner, what was become of this Waistcoat? She said my Master had given it to her, and she had got it at her own House.

Court. Did you acquaint your Master with what you saw the Prisoner do?

Patrick. Yes, a Week or ten Days afterwards, I desir'd him to look into his Bag.

Court. But why did you not speak of it sooner?

Patrick. I was afraid of the Prisoner, for she bore a great Sway in the House - She was a sort of a Housekeeper, and often threaten'd to turn us away; but when I had told my Master, he turn'd her away in two or three Days after.

Prisoner. I did not live constantly in the House, but came once or twice a Week, and sometimes was there a Week together. I had no settled Wages, but took what he pleas'd to give me.

Juryman. Was the Writ serv'd before or after she was turn'd away?

Patrick. It was after.

Jury. Was it before she was indicted?

Patrick. Yes.

Mrs. Goodcheap. The Prisoner's Husband ow'd me above 12 l. - above a Year ago the Prisoner promis'd to pay me 20 s. of it at such a Time, and when that time came, she brought me 15 s. and desir'd me to take this silk Gown, 'till she paid me the other 5 s.

Prisoner. The Prosecutor gave me that Gown.

Carpenter. This was my Wife's Gown, I never gave it the Prisoner, nor to any Body else.

Thomas Evans , Headborough. The Day the Prisoner was sent to Newgate, I had a Warrant to search for a silver Tankard, 5 silver Spoons, a silk Gown, and this green silk quilted Waistcoat, and this I found in her Closet.

Prisoner, to the Prosecutor. Did not you give me this Waistcoat?

Carpenter. No, no, no.

Prisoner. Did you ever give me any thing?

Carpenter. I had no need to give you any thing, for you could steal fast enough.

Prisoner. Do you know one Mary Freeborn ?

Carpenter. I think I have heard of such a Name - Aye, she's your Mother.

Prisoner, to Evans. Did you never reproach me for keeping Company with Mr. Carpenter?

Evans. I have said, that what you had must come from him; for I knew you when you had ne'er a Gown to your Back, nor a Smock to you - and you would not work to get any.

Mary Harris . About a Year ago the Prisoner pawn'd a silver Tankard to me for 6 l. she said it was Mr. Carpenter's Sister's - I think it was mark'd T, E, and a C at top. I can swear to the T, but not to the other Letters - I was very timbersome of taking it in, because it look'd very black; but she said, that was only because it had been laid up - She fetch'd it away about 3 Months ago.

Mary Carpenter . I know my Uncle had such a Tankard mark'd T, C, E.

Thomas Carpenter. Yes, I had, and I never dispos'd of it to any Body.

The Prisoner's Defence.

Prisoner. The old Gentleman would never let me rest 'till I left my own Family, and came to his House. I had his Orders to take Money out of the Bag, and pay it upon his Account; as for the Gown and Waist-coat, and a great many other Things, he gave them to me freely. I have often wore them in his Company - Mrs. Carpenter, did not Mr. Carpenter bid me pay you 24 l 5 s. that Day as it was said I stole the Money.

Mary Carpenter. Yes. I was fetch'd over to take the Money - My Uncle and the Prisoner were sitting together, he was in his great Chair, next to the Chimney Corner. He bid her take the Money and pay me, and so she did - His Maid, Sarah Patrick , was in the Room at the same time.

Court, to the Prosecutor. Did you give the Prisoner Orders to pay that Money?

Tho. Carpenter. No, no, no, I remember no Orders.

Court, to Mary Carpenter. On what Account did you receive that Money?

Mary Carpenter. I keep a Chandler's-shop, and the Money was due to me for Goods and for Money that I lent him. For he often us'd to send to me for a Guinea or 10s. when he wanted Money, and had none in the House.

Court. Did you deliver a Bill of what he ow'd you, or give a Receipt for what he paid?

Mary Carpenter. No, no, my Book was one side of the House - I set up what he ow'd me with Chalk, and the Prisoner took an Account of it -

The old Gentleman is much impair'd with Age - I believe he did not rightly apprehend the last Question that was put to him - Mr. Carpenter, did not you owe me some Money?

Thomas Carpenter. Yes, yes; I have borrow'd Money of her a hundred times.

Mary Carpenter. And did not you give the Prisoner orders to pay me?

Thomas Carpenter. Yes, I order'd her to pay you for Chalk against the Wall.

Prisoner, to Sarah Partridge . Did not you hear him order me to take ten Guineas out of the Bag and put into his Pocket? - and to take Money to pay the Brewer and Mary Carpenter.

Sarah Patrick . He order'd you to pay the Money, but not to put it into your own Pocket. - The ten Guineas was taken first, and then the 24l. for Mary Carpenter; but the Money then lay upon the Table, and was not put into the Bag, and this was about 12 a-clock; but it was two Hours after when you took the handful of Gold for yourself.

Prisoner. But did not he give me Directions to pay Money, when he lay upon his Couch?

Patrick. I believe he might, but not to pay it to yourself.

Mary Freeborn , the Prisoner's Mother. This silk Gown the Prosecutor gave to my Daughter on Sunday Night when I was present - And this quilted Waistcoat he gave her at another time, when she was to sit up with Mrs. Purnell, who was ill. Indeed I did not see him give her the Gown upon her Back; but she had it on one day when we were at his House, and he said, Mother, (for he call'd me Mother) see how fine I have made your Daughter! this was my Wife's wedding Gown; and he took her with him to his House in the Country.

Eliz. May. I have seen her up and down about is Business in his Wife's Clothes.

Margaret Powis . I never knew any harm of her; but she had a scandalous Character by going to and fro to his House, and wearing his Wife's Clothes; and that made a difference betwixt her and her Husband.

John Freeborn . I was often at the Prosecutor's House; but one time when I was there, 'tis about 3 Years ago - he call'd me Brother, and ask'd me, if I was willing to give my Sister away in Marriage to him, and I said, Yes, and then he kiss'd her, and -

Jury. And what?

John Freeborn. Nothing -

Court. You knew she was a marry'd Woman at the same time?

John Freeborn. Yes.

Sarah Chapman . The Prosecutor brought her to my Shop - I keep a Fish-shop in Redriff, and he lives at Blackwall - He gave me a Guinea to fetch a Quart of Brandy to make Punch. But she said, What need you change, when I have got Silver? Have you Moll? says he, then give her two Shillings, for it's all one betwixt you and I - They din'd and drank Punch together. He had dress'd up Moll. in his Wife's Clothes, and ask'd me how I lik'd her, and how I should like him for a new Kinsman? And I said, That's according as you like, Sir.

Ann Webb . The Prosecutor's Man has come Night and Day to fetch her from my House.

Edward Wilmer . The Prisoner's Husband employ'd me to bring an Action against the Prosecutor. I made out a Writ on the 23d of May, and understanding that he was a

very elderly Gentleman, Curiosity led me to serve it my self. I found him at home with Mary Carpenter , Sarah Patrick , and a Boy. Says I, It's a very odd thing, that a Man of your Age should be sued on such an Occasion as this. I don't know how it is, says he, but she would come to Bed to me I think. Then, says Mary Carpenter, her Husband did not demand her of my Uncle, but of me, and I secreted her; but if I was my Uncle, I would be reveng'd - She has gone to Bed to to him several Times.

Council. Was that all the Discourse that pass'd?

Edward Wilmer . No; but it was all the Discourse I had with him, for he did not own any thing; but only said that she would come to Bed to him - Patrick said they had lost silver Spoons, and they would be reveng'd -

Court. And would you serve such a Writ on such an old Man?

Edward Wilmer. I have a Right to serve a Writ on him or any other, and I don't poubt but we shall prove it upon him when it comes to be try'd - I ask'd the Prisoner if the Prosecutor had hir'd her for a Servant? She said, No. I ask'd her, how she could prove he was a-bed with her? How Mr Carpenter seduc'd her? and how - But my Client will make all out at a proper Time.

John Wells . Patrick said the Spoons were taken away, and they would be reveng'd on Mrs. Chetwin.

Several Witnesses appear'd to the Prisoner's Character; they depos'd, that they knew no harm of her, any farther than keeping Company with the Prosecutor. The Jury acquitted her.

William Jackson, William Gulliford.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-29
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

34, 35. William Jackson , and William Gulliford , were indicted for breaking and entring the House of William Hederly , in the Night, and stealing 36 Plates, 8 Dishes, 4 Table-cloths, and a Blanket , May 6. 1733 .

William Howard depos'd, that himself and the Prisoners broke open the Prosecutor's House, and stole the Goods on the 6th of May 1733.

The Prisoner Jackson prov'd by the Turnkey and others belonging to Surry Goal, that he was a close Prisoner, and fetter'd in that Goal from April 6, 1733, to July 1733, when he was try'd and acquitted at the Assizes held for that County.

The Jury acquitted them.

John Green.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-30
VerdictNot Guilty

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36. John Green , alias Gartering Jack , was indicted (with John Oates , not yet taken) for breaking and entering the House of Thomas Thompson , and stealing a Gown, a Cloak, and other Goods, the Property of Henry Cross the Younger , Oct. 1733 .

William Howard depos'd, that he and the Prisoner committed this Felony and Burglary, and that they carry'd the Goods to an Alehouse in King's-Street, near the Seven-Dials; and that himself and the Prisoner were very well acquainted, and drank together every Day.

Prisoner. If this Evidence and I were so intimate, he should know the Marks of my Face.

Howard. I don't know that you have any particular Marks.

Prisoner. No! why here's a great Scar down my Forehead - It's plain enough to be seen - Do you know how many Eyes I have got?

Howard. Why two Eyes, how many would you have?

Prisoner. I have got but one - It's a Sign how well you know me.

The Jury acquitted the Prisoner.

David Stonnell.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-31
VerdictGuilty > theft under 1s

Related Material

37. David Stonnell , was indicted for stealing a Pannel, a Bit Halter, a Pilch, and a Cart-whip, the Goods of Edward Baker , in his Stable . Guilty 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Thomas Carns.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-32
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

38. Thomas Carns , was indicted for stealing with John Barns , a Sack of Pease , the Property of John Freshwater , June 11 . Acquitted .

10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-33
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

39. , was indicted for assaulting, ravishing, and against her Will carnally knowing Betteridge the Wife of John May , January 19 .

. On Saturday the 19th of January last, about 5 in the Evening, the Prisoner came to my House - 'tis a Lone-house on Enfield-chase - And ask'd if my Husband

was come home? I said No. He said he wonder'd at that, for he gave him leave to come home sooner than ordinary on Saturdays - The Prisoner is a Master Carpenter , and belongs to the New-River Works and my Husband is his Man - I kept game Fowls for the Prisoner. He gave Six pence to my Boy, who was 12 Years old, and bid him take care of the Fowls; and Six-pence more to my Child that was sucking at my Breast, and left another Six pence for my other Child who was not at home: Then, says he, your Husband told me he had got fine Pigs, and promised to make me a present of one; but I: will pay him for it. He said they were fine ones, and I am come to look upon them. The Sow and Pigs were in the Stable, and so I took a Candle and went with him thither, we came thro' 2 Doors, which he shut after him, and then came into the Stable.

Court. How far is the Stable from the House?

Betteridge May. About as far as a cross this Court - I was afraid the Pigs would run out; and so shut the Stable-door

Council. Did not he lock the Door?

Betteridge May. I can't say whether it was lock'd, or only upon the latch - He look'd upon the Sow and Pigs, and said they were fine ones; and then he laid hold of me, beat the Candle out, and threw me down upon a Couple of Faggots, and had to do with me - I cry'd for help, but he put a Hankerchief into my Mouth, and used me so violently that I could make no Noise; but the Sow and Pigs cry'd out, and made a terrible racket.

Court. Say what he did to you.

Betteridge. He lay with me with great Violence.

Council. How?

Betteridge May. He pull'd up my Coats.

Council. And what then?

Betteridge May. He made use of what he had, and put it into my Body.

Council. What d'ye call that?

Betteridge May. His Yard.

Court. Did he do all that was necessary on his part towards getting a Child?

Betteridge. Yes.

Court. Could he possibly do that if you would not comply?

Betteridge May. Yes, He did it against my Will.

Court. I don't find that he made use of any means to terrify you -

Betteridge No.

Court. Then would not the least motion of yours have prevented him from doing as you say?

Betteridge May. It was not in my Power.

Court. The Jury will judge of that - you were but a little way from the House, and if I understood you, the Prisoner did not stop your Mouth till after he had thrown you down. You say you cry'd out before that, but did you cry loud enough for your Boy to hear you?

Betteridge May. I believe he might have heard me, if the Pigs had not made such a Noise - When the Prisoner had got his will, he said I should not go out in such a great flurry; and he did all he could to pacify me. I hope says he, you won't tell your Husband; but if you do, I'll turn him out of his Work, and lay him in a Jail for what he owes me. - My Husband ow'd him 7 Guineas and a half, and therefore, tho' my Husband came home that Night, I did not acquaint him with it.

Court. But if the Prisoner had been convicted of so great an Offence, he must have been hang'd for it; and therefore your Husband would have been out of Danger.

Betteridge May. I know nothing of the Law.

Council. Did not you prefer an Indictment against the Prisoner at Hicks's-Hall in February last for a Rape?

Betteridge May. Yes; but on account of some Objections the Bill was not found.

Council. And then you indicted him for an Assault with an intent to Ravish?

Betteridge May. Yes, but he got off.

Council. Tho' it was but for an Assault, you gave the same Evidence as now; and swore a compleat Rape - How long was it before you acquainted your Husband with this affair?

Betteridge May. Not till the Wednesday

7 Night after it was done: Tho' I soon found myself very much out of order, and had a violent Pain in my Back - On the 30th of January I apply'd to an Apothecary, and have been under his care ever since.

Council. How came you to discover it at last?

Betteridge May. My Husband went to Work on the Monday Morning, and that Night the Prisoner came and enquired for me; but I was a bed, and so he went away: But he came again on the Wednesday, and ask'd me if I had told my Husband? I answer'd No, I have not told him yet - I am glad of that, says he, and I hope you won't do it; but I was afraid you had, because he has not come up for his Wages; there is 10s due to him for 5 days Work; and now I'm here I'll pay the Money to you; so he gave me half a Guinea. I told him I could not give him Change; and he said it was no Matter, for I might keep the Six-pence for my self.

On Thursday I receiv'd a message to meet my Husband the next Day at Mrs. Aylet's, the Bird in hand at Waltham-cross . I did not know the meaning of it, but was afraid my Husband had met with another mischance, for once he put his Collar-bone out - So on Friday I went, though I was very ill, and the Woman of the House led me up stairs into a Room, where there was a Fire, but no Company. She said she kept a Fire there to dry Bacon. Presently the Prisoner came up with a Whip in his Hand, and said, by God you are all taken! I ask'd him if my Husband was there. He answer d No, It was I that sent for you; and God Damn it you shall stay Dinner; and if you make any disturbance here, it will be the worse for you; for I have got a pair of Pistols - A Fowl and Bacon was brought; but I had no Stomach, and could not eat any thing. After Dinner, I took my Hat and was going; but he said I should not; and so he laid 2 Pistols on the Table, shut the Door, stuck his Penknife into it, and hung his Great-coat upon it; and then threw me upon the Bed, and used me as he did before in the Stable.

Court. What did he Ravish you a second Time? - And this in the middle of the Day, and at a Publick-house too?

Betteridge May. Yes he did, though I call'd out - as I did before - But nobody came to help me - The Prisoner said, You may tell your Husband of this if you will; for now you come after me: And so I came away.

Court. Why did not you apprehend the Prisoner then? Was there ne'er a Constable in the Town?

Betteridge May. I was so ill, that I could not go to look for a Constable, but went di-directly home.

Court. Did not you know it was the Prisoner that sent for you to that House.

Betteridge May. No.

Court. Who did you ask for when you came thither?

Betteridge May. Nobody I went by the Door, before I enquir'd for the Bird-in-hand; and the Woman of the House was then at the Window, and saw me, and so she came to the Door.

Court. Did she know you then?

Betteridge May. No, I believe she had never seen me before, but the Prisoner had described my Riding-hood to her.

Court. Upon your Oath did not you enquire for Mr. - ?

Betteridge May. No, upon my Oath - My Husband came home the next Day, which was Saturday; but I had such a Dread upon my Spirits, that I was afraid to tell him.

Court. How came you to tell him at last?

Betteridge May. I grew so bad, that I knew not how to conceal it any longer.

Council. Did you send a Pig to the Prisoner on the Sunday Morning?

Betteridge May. No, but my Husband did before I was up; for I was ill a Bed: But when he told me of it, I said, I wish'd he had not done it - There's a Bill against the Prisoner at Hertford for this last Fact - 'Tis for an Assault with an intent to Ravish.

Court. Why for an Assault only, whereas you swear the Fact was compleated.

Betteridge May. I did not understand the Law, but I told my Attorney how I was serv'd.

Attorney. She told me it was only an Assault.

Prisoner. On the 19th of January was any Body in your House besides your Children?

Betteridge May. Not in my House, but in the Next there was a Man and a Woman, and a Girl; and they might hear me cry out, but I believe they thought it was the Pigs.

Prisoner. She let me out afterwards, and bid me good Night - Her Mouth was not stopt then; but she made no complaint to any Body.

John May . I have work'd for the Prisoner near 9 Years, and indeed he has been a good friend to me. I owed him 7 Guineas and a half. I came home between 9 and 10 on Saturday Night, my Boy told me my Master - had been there, and given him and his Brother Six-pence a piece. My Wife said nothing of this Matter to me; and I had no mistrust of her or the Prisoner, for I knew nothing of their Contrigues. So I went to work again on Monday, and on Thursday the Prisoner came and said, do you go home to Night, John? - if you do, you shall never strike another stroke for me. Why, Sir? says I; where will be the harm as long as I keep my Time?

Prisoner. But you had neglected your time very much by going home a Nights.

John May. So I did not go home till Saturday Night, and then my Wife was very ill, and complain'd of a Pain in her Back, and said she believ'd she had got a Fever; and she cry'd - I had promised a Pig to the Prisoner, and so I sent one in the Morning before she was up: and he sent me half a Crown for it - On the Wednesday Night following I was very urgent to do what married Men should do; but she refused: And I insisted upon knowing the meaning of it; and so she was forced to confess, or else she had given it to me. She said that the Prisoner went with her into the Stable to see the Pigs, but did not lock the Door, and then threw her upon the Faggots and lay with her by force; but she said nothing of the second Fact, till after I had got a Warrant for him; and then she told me, and said she did not tell me sooner for fear I should turn her quite out of Doors.

John May, the Son. I heard a Noise when my Mother and the Prisoner were in the Stable, but I thought it had been the Sow and Pigs; and when my Mother came in she had a high Colour, her Cap was tumbled, and her Hair about her Ears - Before they went into the Stable, the Prisoner sent me to get his Horse out of the Stable for fear he should hurt the Pigs - But Mr. Newman took the Horse out and put into the Wash-house.

Rebecca Newman . Our House joins to Mrs May's: I remember the Night the Prisoner was there, and saw them both go into the Stable; they staid there about half an Hour -I heard no squeeling nor crying - But we were spinning and our Wheels made a Noise. He came out of the Stable alone, and in a little Time he mounted his Horse and went away; but did not see her come out - The next Night she complained to me of a Pain in her Back, and a burning within - I ask'd her if it was a Fever? and she said No, I never was so in my Life.

Joseph Newman . I fetch'd the Horse out of the Stable, and put him into the Washhouse; but I don't know who fetch'd him out of the Wash-house when the Prisoner went away, for I did not see him go - On Tuesday Night following between 8 and 9 the Prisoner came to the Door and whistled. I look'd out, and he asked if Mrs. May was within - She is gone to Bed, says I; shall I call her? No, says he, it's no matter.

The Prisoner's Defence.

Elizabeth Aylet . I keep the Bird-in-hand at Waltham-cross - On Friday Morning the Prisoner was at my House. About 9 the Prosecutrix knock'd at the Door (tho' the Door was open) and said, Is one Mr. - here? I said, Yes he's in the Kitchen with some Men, will you please to go in? No, said she, if there is Company I had rather you'll call him out.

Court. She swore that she did not ask for him or any body.

Elizabeth Aylet. She ask'd for him by Name; and so I shew'd her into the Parlour, and told him; but he was smoaking his Pipe, and did not come presently. She complain'd there was no Fire in the Parlour, and so I led her up

stairs - The Prisoner came up and said, So! So! have I catch'd you napping? Then he saluted her, and call'd for a Quartern of Brandy. She drank a little of it, but she chose to have a hot Pot, and so I made one, and after that another; they seem'd to be very friendly, and abundance of pretty Compliments past between them - He said she was an old Acquaintance that he had met on the Road, and would treat her with what the House afforded. I told them I had Bacon an Eggs, - No - Or Salt Fish and Eggs - No - Or a Pullet full of Eggs - Aye, says she, that will do; and he bid me get it ready; and so I did, and she eat part of a Wing - They sat at the Foot of the Bed, and I left them several times together, for I thought no harm.

Council. Had he any Pistols?

Elizabeth Aylet. Yes, and he laid them on the Chest of Drawers; for he usually laid them down when he came in.

Council How came it that he did not lay them down in the Kitchen?

Elizabeth Aylet. Because he was just a-going, but it raining a little, he sat down to smoak a Pipe, and was in the Kitchen about an Hour with 2 other Men.

James Jarvis . John May came several times after me, to desire me to go and make this matter up: I ask'd him how he came to Prosecute so good a Master? He answer'd; he has been a very good Master; and if my Wife had told me the Truth at first, I would have gone another way to work. went to the Prisoner, who said, I know nothing of it; but he owes me a little Money, and I suppose this is some Trick. So I went again to John May, and ask'd him what he meant by beginning such a Prosecution as might take away his Master's Life. He said, No, I don't design that - But that will be the consequence, says I, if the Fact is proved. No, says he again, if it should come to that, I would not appear.

Council. The Woman don't pretend that the Prisoner made use of any Threats to terrify her, and therefore she had Liberty to call out for help; and she might have cry'd loud enough to have been heard; but it does not appear that any Body heard her.

The Jury acquitted him.

Richard Dubois.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-34
VerdictGuilty > manslaughter
SentenceMiscellaneous > branding

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40. Richard Dubois , was indicted for the Murder of John Dubois , by giving him, with a Sword, one mortal Wound in the right Breast half an Inch long and 12 Inches deep, May 10 . of which Wound he languished till next day, and then dy'd .

He was a second time indicted on the Coroner's Inquisition for Manslaughter.

Mr Bilson. As I was riding down Primrose-hill by Tottenham-court , I saw two Men in their Shirts in a Field at a little Distance, and thought I perceiv'd the glittering of a Sword: I turn'd my Horse in at the Gate, and they were then got a-fighting; says I, do you know what you are about; do you know the consequence? the Prisoner retreated, and the Deceas'd push'd him almost into the Ditch, and then stood strong on his Longe with his Sword full, thus - And said Allons ! Allons! The Prisoner said, I'll fight you no more, for I believe you have got it - This is your own seeking, you forced me to it. Then they spoke French. I saw some Blood run from the Deceased's Back, under his Shoulder The Prisoner put his Sword up, and the Deceas'd put his Clothes on, and said to the Prisoner, give me my Hat and Wig. Aye, says the Prisoner, if you'll give me or that Gentleman your Sword first, for I won't trust my Life in your hands. Then the Deceas'd took up his own Hat and Wig, and we all went into the Lane The Deceas'd appear'd still full of Resentment, and therefore the Prisoner would not walk before him, but said, my dear Dubois (for they were both of the same Name, and both Masters of the Sword) if you will go before, I will take care of you; but I won't trust you behind me - You know you forced me to it. The Deceas'd made no answer; but to end the difference, I went between them, the Prisoner being on my right hand and the Deceas'd on my left: He bled very much; and so we went to the bottom of the Lane, and then I turn'd back.

Charles Dennis , Surgeon. Between 3 and 4 a Clock the Prisoner came in a Chair to my House in Panton Square - He said he had walked two Miles from Berwick-Street, before he could get a Chair, and bled all the Way. He desir'd I would go home and dress him; but I advis'd him not to go

home in that bloody Condition he was in, for fear of frightening his Wife. I saw the Wound was Mortal, it pass'd above the Right-breast, and below the Collar-bone, and cut the auxillary great blood Vessel that goes to the Arm. He still seem'd to retain some Animosity against the Person that had wounded him, tho' he would not name him, but said he had not done, if a Man on Horseback had not come up while they were fighting - The Deceas'd dy'd next Day, and the loss of Blood was the cause of it.

Several Gentlemen of the Blade depos'd, That the Prisoner was a peaceable inoffensive Man, and gave a different Character of the Deceas'd.

The Jury found him guilty of Manslaugter .

[Branding. See summary.]

Mary Butler.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-35
VerdictNot Guilty

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41. Mary Butler , was indicted for privately stealing 14 Guineas and 20 s. from the Person of John Taylor , June 3 .

John Taylor. About 11 at Night I met the Prisoner and another Woman by Temple-Bar , they ask'd me to give them a Glass of Wine, and I indiscretely went with them to a Tavern. The Money was in a Bag in my Coat Pocket. We stay'd a Quarter of an Hour, I paid for the Wine, and as the Women were going out, I miss'd my Money, and call'd out to stop them; but none of the People of the House regarded my calling - The Women fell a running, and I follow'd them. One of them got off, but the Prisoner was stopt at the End of Cary-Street by the Constable and Watch - But I had not the Prudence to have her search'd.

Prisoner. I never saw the Man's Face before he stopp'd me in the Street, and said I was like a Woman that had robb'd him. Acquitted .

Elizabeth Wood.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-36
VerdictGuilty > theft under 5s

Related Material

42. Elizabeth Wood , was indicted for privately stealing a half Guinea, and 3 l. 15 s. in Silver, in the Shop of William Dixon , June 8 .

Mary Dixon . I keep a Chandler's-shop , the End of Leather-Lane , in Liquor-Pond-Street , I counted 5 l to pay my Baker, and put it in a blue and White striped Ticking-cap. The next Day my Soap-boiler's Man came, and I took out this Cap, and paid him 13 s. out of the 5 l. and several Customers being in the Shop, I twisted the Cap up, and laid it by the End of the Counter, and threw a Cloth over it. The Prisoner came for some Small-beer and a Dram. Betty, says I, 'tis a busy Time (for it was Saturday Morning) and therefore don't trouble me. So she went to that Part of the Shop where the Money lay, and serv'd herself, and then walk'd backwards and forwards a good while, and then went away. I miss'd the Money in half an Hour after she was gone, and suspected her, because no Body else was at that End of the Counter while the Money lay there.

Richard Grove . I met the Prisoner in the Afternoon in Theobald's Row. She held up a blue and white strip'd Cap, and shook at me, and said, Hey ! you Son of of a Bitch here's Money!

John Kilsby . The Prisoner came into the King's-Head, Parker' Lane, with a little Fellow that she had pick'd up in the King's-Road She pull'd out a Handful of Silver, swearing and throwing it about the House like mad She treated any Body, and spent 4 or 5 s. standing, while I was at Dinner. At Night I heard Mr Dixon had been robb'd by such a Woman; and she was taken next Morning in her Room - She swore prodigiously, and damn'd her Eyes if she knew any thing of the Matter; but when she was told of her being at the King's-Head, and spending and throwing the Money about there she confess'd that is was Mr. Dixon's Money, and that she took it out of his Shop but she had none of it left, for she had spent it and thrown it away, she could not tell how. Guilty 4 s. 10 d.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Elizabeth Whitehead, Isabel Newell.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-37
VerdictNot Guilty; Guilty

Related Material

43, 44 Elizabeth Whitehead , and Isabel Newell , were indicted for stealing a Coat, a Waistcoat, and two Shirts, the Goods of Michael Chilbourn , and a Coat and a Shirt the Goods of Richard Fainwell , July 10 Whitehead acquitted , but Newel Guilty .

[Transportation. See summary.]

John Fossey.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-38
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

45. John Fossey , was indicted for privately stealing (with Daniel Smith , not yet taken) 55 Yards of printed Linen value 10 l. and other Linen, in the Shop of Richard Fuller , Jan. 29 . Acquitted .

Isabel Moody.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-39
VerdictNot Guilty > no evidence

Related Material

46. Isabel Moody , was indicted for stealing 1 Guinea, and 20 s. 6 d. the Property of Ferdinando Gordez , in his House , April 6 . No Evidence. Acquitted .

Richard Constable.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbert17340710-40
VerdictNot Guilty

Related Material

47 Richard Constable , was indicted for Perjury in an Affidavit made by him before the Lord Chief Justice Eyre , Nov. 22, 1733 . Acquitted .

Old Bailey Proceedings punishment summary.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbers17340710-1

Related Material

The Trials being ended, the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows:

Received Sentence of Death 6.

Nicholas Baldwin Page 146. Mary Haycock p. 147. Elizabeth Tracey p. 149. Ann Knight ibid. Catherine Bougle 152. And Humphry Remmington p. 155.

The four Women to be drawn on a Sledge, and burnt at a Stake. They all pleaded their Bellies, but a Jury of Matrons found them all not quick with Child.

Whipt 1.

George King .

Burnt in the Hand 6.

James Frith , Richard Dubois , and four for-mer Convicts.

Transportation 15.

Elizabeth Grey , Catherine Maria White Robert Budd , Elizabeth Hook , Elizabeth Bullen , Nathaniel Boston , Mary Brown Elizabeth Richardson , Aaron Jarvis , Mary Taylor , Frances Hodgson , David Stonnell Elizabeth Wood , Ann Simmonds , and Isa bel Newell .

Old Bailey Proceedings advertisements.
10th July 1734
Reference Numbera17340710-1

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Monday (July 1.) was publish'd, Price 6 d.

(Beautifully printed on a fine Dutch Paper)



For JUNE, 1734. To be continued Monthly. Containing,

1. Proceedings and Debates in the last Session of Parliament, viz. On the Motion for an Address; about the Letters and Instructions relating to the Treaty of Seville; on the Motion for calling for the Instructions to his Majesty's Minister in Poland; about Applications on the Druggists Petition, &c. 2. Protests of the Scotch Peers. 3. A View of the Weekly Essays and Politicks, from the Craftsman, Fog, Grub-street Journal, Weekly Miscellany, Universal Spectator, &c. 4. Poetical Pieces, mostly Originals. 5. Domestick Occurrences, viz. Promotions, Ecclesiastical, Civil, and Military; Marriages Births and Deaths, Bankrupts, Members chosen for the ensuing Parliament, &c. 6 Foreign Affairs. 7. Prices of Goods, Grain, Stocks, Monthy Bill of Mortality. 8. Table of Contents.

To which is added,

A Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets with their Prices.


Printed for J. Wilford, behind the Chapter-house, near St. Paul's Church-yard, and sold by most Booksellers both of Town and Country.

Where may be had any former Months.

In the Press, and speedily will be publish'd,

(Compar'd with the Return Books, carefully corrected and improv'd, with the Addition of some introductory Observations on each Parliament)

A New Parliamentary Register: Being Exact LISTS of 1. The Lords Spiritual and Temporal. 2. The Counties, Cities, and Burghs in Alphabetical Order, and under each their Representatives from the Year 1660, to the present Year 1734. containing 20 Parliaments, and including the present. With a Blank Margin for registering succeeding Parliaments.

Printed by E. Cave, at St. John's-Gate.

Where may be be had,

An exact LIST of the LORDS SPIRITUAL and TEMPORAL: also of the Members of the H. of COMMONS, as now elected; with the Places of their usual Abode in Town, and divers necessary Distinctions, viz. New and old Members, Voters for and against the Hessian Troops, &c. Together with the Names of the Members in the last Parliament, not in this: also a curious Table of the Bishops. Price 6 d.

A Speedy Cure for the ITCH.

At the Crown and Ball in George's Court, in St. John's-Lane, near Hicks's-Hall, is Sold,

A WATER which perfectly cures the ITCH, or Itching Humours in any Part of the Body, having no offensive Scent; and has been approved by many Years Experience. Price 1 s. 6 d. a Bottle, with Directions. Prepared by A. Downing Chymist.

At the same PLACE may be had.

The true Essence or Spirits of Pcurvy-Grass, both Purging and Plain, most excellent in all Degrees of the Scurvy, at 8 d. a Bottle. And the great Elixir of Life, called Daffey's Elixir, truly prepared from the best Ingredients, very useful in all Families. Price 2 s. 6 d. the Half-Pint.

Dr. Newman's famous Anti venereal Pill.

Which to the Surprize of all that takes it, Cures all degrees and Symptoms of the Venereal Disease, whether of long Continuance, or fresh Contracted; it speedily removes all Pains in the Head, Arms, or Legs; takes off the Heat of Urine, Soreness, Running, Cordee, and Inflammation of the Parts; without an Hour's Confinement; Nay, if you are broke out in Scabs, Blotches, Carbuncles, having Nodes, Tumours, Buboes, Shankers, Pocky-warts, Phymoses, Paraphymoses, Ulcers in the Mouth, Nose, Throat or Palate, in a few days you will be well; there o four are sufficient in any gentle fresh Infection; But in worse Cases, or when the Distemper is in the Blood, a few more is requir'd for a Cure. There is but one in a Dose, the Bigness of a Pea, and pleasant to take; sold at so easy a Price as only two Shillings Each. I have likewise an Electuary which may be taken by the weakest Constitution, or Nicest Palate with delight. It instantly cures all Diseases of the Brest and Lungs; as Coughs, Colds, Wheezings, Asthma's, Shortness of breath, Consumptions; restores lost Appetite, purifies the Blood, and procures a good Complexion; and a strong vigorous Habit of Body, enlivening the Faculties and strengthening the Brain; and by that means helps the Memory; sold at only two Shillings and Six-pence the Gallypot; with Directions, and, an Infallible Medicine for the Ague. Attendance is given every Day by the Author at his House, at the Blue-Bal in Hand-Court, almost over against Great-Turnstile Holborn.

Note, I have a sweet scented Ointment which perfectly Cures the Itch, or Itchy Breakings out. Advice Gratis

St. Ann's, Black-Friars, July 17, 1734.

This is to forewarn all Persons from trusting ISABEL, the Wife of Troilas Excell, Printer; she having elop'd from her Husband.

N. B. This is her third Elopement.

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