Old Bailey Proceedings, 9th September 1691.
Reference Number: 16910909
Reference Number: f16910909-1

THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King and Queens Commissions OF THE Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery of Newgate, held for the CITY of London, and COUNTY of Middlesex, at Justice-hall in the OLD-BAILY.

On Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, being the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Days of September, 1691. And in the Third Year of Their MAJESTIES Reign.

THE Sessions of Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery of Newgate, held at Justice-hall in the Old-Baily, on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, being the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Days of September, 1691. Before the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Pilkington , Kt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, and Mr. Common Sergeant, with several others of Their Majesties Justice for the City of London, and the County of Middlesex.

The Jurors were as follow:

London Jury,

Henry Mortlock

Jonathan Robinson

James Knapton

Joseph Watts

Joseph Stretton

John Overton

Richard Green

William Smith

Robert Reynolds

Chamberlain Dunn

Joseph Wells .

Middlesex Jury,

John Page

John Millgate

Michael Shepherd

Robert Herbert

John Tignall

Thomas Farmer

Francis Brown

Abraham Honour

John Newman

Robert Sawny

Thomas Sawny

John Smith .

The proceedings were these;

Reference Number: t16910909-1

Christopher Ashley, alias Browne was Tryed for Felony, Burglary and Sacriledge, in Robbing the Parish Church of Great St. Bartholomews, London , in November 1689, carrying away the Pulpit Cloth, and all the Communion Plate, of very great value . The Evidence was, That he confest that he was assisting to Collet, (who was Executed last Sessions) in stealing the plate, and that he had 30l. to his share. The Prisoner denyed it, but he had no Proof on his side, he was found Guilty of the Indictment.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-2

Thomas Sherwin , was Tryed for breaking the House of Martha Bolton , Widow , in Black-Fryers , on the 3d. of February last, taking away 4 Silver Spoons, value 40s. and 30l. in Money . The Evidence was, That the Chest was broke open and the Money lost; but it being presumptuous against him, he was acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-3

Robert Chester , was Tryed for killing one Esther Smith , Widow , with the Near Wheel of his Cart, in Thames-street , on the 7th of July last. The Cart Wheel was seen to run over her Foot, and brusied it, after which she dyed the 13th of August. The Chyrurgeons gave their Opinions that it might hasten her Death, but she was a very Ancient Person, and was otherwise Distempered; so upon the whole he was acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-4

Thomas Thomas and Valentine Knight , were both Indicted for a Robbery on the High-way, committed upon the Body of Sir Oliver St. George , Knight and Baronet , on the 8th day of August last, taking away a Silver Hilted Sword, value 40s. The Prosecutor was set upon in St. James-street , by two or three Men, and his Sword was snatcht from his Side, but it being dark he could not discover the Persons; so they were Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-5

Phillip Harper, alias Walton , Gent. Was Tryed for the wilful Murther of one David Hughes , on the 6th of June last, giving him a Mortal Wound with a Sword, near the Right Pap of the depth of six Inches, of which he instantly dyed . There was a Quarrel arose between the Prisoner and the Deceased, in a Publick-House at Charing-Cross , and Hughes was seen to strike Harper first; after which, Harper drew his Sword to defend himself; so he was found Guilty of Manslaughter .

[Branding. See summary.]

[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-6

Lewis L'Roach , was Tryed for picking the Till Box of one Martha Latham , Widow , on the 25th of July last, of 15s. The manner thus: The Prisoner came to her Shop pretending to buy somewhat, and whilst the Apprentice was busie, he thrust a piece of Whale-Bone, which was shewed in Court, into the Till; which being drest beforehand with Bird-Lyme, brought up the Money; he was taken In the very Act, so he was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-7

Bernard Clark , was Arraigned for stealing 10 Gold Rings, and several other Goods of value , from Edward Cateret , on the 24th of June last, to which Indictments he pleaded Guilty , &c.

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-8

Elizabeth Hambleton , was Tryed for stealing two Silver Cups value 3l. the Goods of Robert Sympson , on the 29th of June last, but the Evidence being short, she was Acquitted ; and the Cup being found in the Custody of one John Mayle , who was brought an Evidence against the Woman, he was taken into Custody, and a Bill of Indictment ordered to be preferred against him; upon which he was Tryed, as hereafter may be seen.

Reference Number: t16910909-9

V -, J- , was Tryed for Robbing the House of one Thomas Cox , and taking away a white Dimmity Counterpane, value 9s. and a bundance of small Linnen contained in a Trunk of Mr. Cox's Servants . The Prisoner came to Cox's House, and under a pretence of speaking with some Lodgers in the House, took away the Goods, which were found in her Apron before she went out of the House; she was not able to disprove it, so she was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-10

Roger Harry Young , was Arraigned for stealing a Silver Tankard value 5l. from one Thomas Ralph , to which he pleaded Guilty , &c.

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-11

Edgerton Brett , Gent. Was Tryed for killing one William Benbridge , on the 9th of August last, giving him a Mortal Wound, near to the Groyne, with a Rapid, value 5s. of the breadth of one Inch, and the depth of six Inches, of which he dyed . He was likewise Indicted upon the Statute of stabbing, for that the said Benbridge had no Weapon when the Prisoner first Assaulted him. The Evidence in the general deposed, That, Mr. Brett going along by Rose and Crown-Court, in Grays-Inn-Lane , where the Deceased was standing, about 10 of the Clock at Night, with another man to whom he gave a blow with his Gloves, upon which he said, that was unkind; after which, Mr. Brett drew his Sword, and [Text unreadable in original.] pursued him, but did not prove it; and that which aggravated the fact, was, That he fled away, and was taken lying upon the Ground in the Street, with a naked Sword lying by him bloody. The matter was very positively demonstrated; so he was found Guilty of wilful Murther.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-12

Joseph Stykes alias Smith was Arraigned for stealing a Silver Tankard, value 40l. two Spoons, value 10 s. a Gold Ring, value 5l. two Guineas and a French Pistol from Lucy Rapely , Widow , on the 29th of August last; to which he pleaded Guilty .

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-13

Francis Pelling , was Indicted for the wilful Murther of one Percy Kinkid , on the 18th of July last, with a Rapier, value 5s. giving him a Wound, near the left Pap, of the depth of six Inches . The Evidence deposed, That the Deceased, Kinkid was standing at the Door of the Two Loggerheads in Drury-Lane with some others, and the Prisoner came by and threw Flint-stone at him swearing that he would be his Butcher, and if a Stone would not kill him, he would cut his Throat with a case knife, which he uttered with a Deprecation betwixt them, for that the deceased, had oftentimes injured the Prisoner, by endeavouring to take his Wife from him, which was lookt upon as a great Affront to him, so he was found Guilty of Manslaughter .

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-14

Margaret Swanson , was Tryed for stealing from Edward Draynor , on the 17th of July , one Silver Spoon, value 10s. a Silver Fork, value 20s. The Evidence swore, That she was a Servant to Mr. Draynor, and took away the Goods, and offered them to sale at a Brokers in Holbourn, where, she was stopt, and was found in several Storys there; but at last, she confest to have taken the spoon from her Master aforesaid; she was found Guilty, to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-15

Godfrey Carrick , was Tryed for Robbing Elizabeth Pachy of a Silk Jacquet and a pair of Breeches, on the 17th of this Instant September , the Goods of one Henry White , he secretly took it from her as she was going along an Alley near Dukes Place , about seven of the Clock at Night , and she was certain that he was the person. He denyed it, but had confest it before the Justice, so that he was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-16

Thomas Green , of St. Giles Cripplegate , was Tryed for the wilful Murther of his Wife Martha Green , on the 9th of May last . The Evidence was numerous, who deposed in the general, that the Prisoner was a Person of a very Rude behaviour, and had beat his Wife upon the Breast, back and Belly, by kicking and striking her, insomuch that she was very much Bruised in several parts of her Body, of which she complained to her Neighbours when she lay languishing upon her Death-Bed, and to some Ministers that came to visit her; and just as she was departing the World, the Prisoner came to kiss her, but she immediately screekt out and refused to Imbrace him: After which he said, That he had done her wrong, but it was chiefly the Devil that put him on; besides this, he had Tore her with some Instrument in her Privy parts, in a most horrid manner, and when she died she laid her Death to her Husband, &c. He oftentimes threatned the Neighbours to do them a mischief whensoever they reproved his Insolency, they witnessed against him: But the Prisoner alledged, That his Wife had been sick before, and called several Witnesses, who seemed to say, That it was Malice in the Prosecutors. The Jury well weighing the Evidence on both sides, Acquitted him.

Reference Number: t16910909-17

Elinor Fox and Mary Thinn , were both Tryed for stealing a piece of Stuff from one George Walker . They came to the Shop under pretence of buying some Goods, and one of them took the piece of Stuff , which was found upon her. They were both found Guilty of a Petty Lacenary .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-18

Matthew Earsel , Old Mobb , Ruth Reynolds , and Edward Biggs , were all Indicted for that they, together with one James Whitney , did break the House of Joan Flanders , on the 17th of August last ; Biggs confest the Indictment upon his Arraignment; but the Evidence against the rest was Mrs. Flanders, &c. who said, That they encompassed the House, being Enfield Water-Mill , and broke it open, about 10 or 11 of the Clock at Night, and took away 20l. in Money, with abundance of Plate and wearing Apparel, of very considerable value, viz. 300l. They came in and swore great Oaths that they would kill them all, if they would not shew them where the Money and Plate lay, they were forced out of Fear; and after they had got the Booty they went off; and afterwards, Earsel was found with Rings about him, in Long Acre, one of which was owned by the Prosecutor, and a Spoon and Silver Cup was found in the Hair of Reynolds; but she was Wife to one Reynolds who swore against the rest in Custody in Newgate, so she was acquitted ; but Earsel and Old-Mobb were concerned in the Robbery; Earsel held their [Text unreadable in original.] whilst the rest the House, for which he had 25l. for his share. They had little to say, especially Old Mobb, so they were both found Guilty of Felony and Burglary.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-19

Lawrence Dadson , was Tryed for making an Assault upon Thomas Strickland , Gent. in the King's High-way, on the 10th of August last, taking from him a Cloth Coat, value 4l. a pair of Brocade Breeches 3l., an Indian Silk Waistcoat, value 40s. a Bevor Hat, value 3l. 14 Muslin Neckcloths, value 3l. 10s. 10 Guineas, and 40 shillings in Money . The Evidence was Mr. Strickland, who, said That he was set upon near Hounslow by seven or eight Persons, and lost his Goods; but he could not charge the Prisoner positively; But there was other Evidence produced, that proved to be one that helpt to commit the Robbery, and some of the Goods were produced in Court as Further Evidence. The Prisoner urged, that he was spightfully sworn against by one of the Evidence; but the Matter of Fact was plainly sworn; so he was found Guilty of Felony and Robbery.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-20

Alexander Driver , was indicted for Robbing one Francis Lepeer , on the 3d of June , 1690 of a pair of Sheets, value 14l. Yards of Silk Crimson Damask, value l. 25 Pud-a-way, Serge, value 40s. Lepeer deposed upon Oath, That the Prisoner had lived with him as an Apprentice , being an Upholsterer , for three Years, and then Robbed him as he suspected. The Prisoner called some Evidence as to his Reputation in the general; but it was further sworn, that he offered Silk to sale for two Shillings, but The Evidence for him said, That he had behaved himself honestly in his Service before this time; so the Jury acquitted him.

Reference Number: t16910909-21

Thomas Banks , was Tryed for Murther, in driving his Coach over the Hand of one Prudence Chapman , a Child , Aged about two Years, on the first of July last . The Evidence swore, That the Prisoner was driving along Bow-street in Bloomsbury , and the Child appeared to be in the way, and accidentally run over it; at which the Coachman was very much Consternated and very sorry for so sad a Casualty. The Jury found the Matter Special, till further considered by the Court .

Reference Number: t16910909-22

Charles Collins , was Tryed for the Murther likewise of one Sarah Smallnick , an Infant , on the 22th of August last, by driving a Cart over her Short Ribs . The Prisoner was driving a Brick-Cart along St. Giles-street in the Fields , and the child stood in the way, but the Evidence did believe he did not see the Child. The Prisoner did not deny it, and he confest the Coroners Inquisition that he did it by Misfortune, so he was acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-23

H - M - , B - T - and A - T - his Wife , were Tryed for Clipping the currant Coyn of this Kingdom, in the Parish of S. James Clarkenwell , on the 16th of July last . There was found in M - 's House, in a Garret Window, 4 pieces of Clippings, 10 Copper Half-Crowns, 4 Brass Shillings, with Shears and the rest of the Implements fit for their Trade, which were all produced in Court against them: the Shears were found in the Vault, and some Files in another place. They all denyed it at the Tryal, but they had a very bad Repute amongst their Neighbours, and made no good Defence, so M - and T - were found Guilty of High-Treason, but A - was Acquitted .

[B T: Death. See summary.]

[H M: Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-24

Sarah Johnson , was Tryed for Robbing Thomas Wanklin , Esq ; on the 26th of August , of 32 Guineas, one King James the First's 20 Shilling piece of Gold . The Evidence was Mr. Wankiln and others, who said that she was his Servant , and entrusted with the Gold and the Key where it lay, but the Indictment being not laid for Felony, but for a breach of trust, a new Bill was preferred against her at Common Law, upon which, after a long hearing, she was Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-25

Elizabeth Aldridge , was tryed for stealing three Silver Spoons, value 30s. a Taster, value 7s. a thimble, value 18d. about the 20th of August last, from one John Hater . She was his Servant , and way with the Spoons which was found upon her, and she would not deny it, so she was found Guilty to the value of 9s.

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-26

Elizabeth Smith , a Girle , was Indicted for that she together with one Alice Merser not taken, did Rob one Henry Hartis , about Whitsuntide last, of a Hat, Camblet Cloak, value 4l. a Cloth Coat, value 40s. a Waistcoat value 15s. a Hood, value 3s. a Petty-coat, value 5s. The Prisoner and the other, viz. Merser were Lodging in the prosecutors house, and run away with the Goods. The Cloak the prisoner had pawn'd to a Broker, one Brench; the prisoner having little to say, she was found Guilty to the value of 9s.

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-27

Adam Mack Affey , was tryed for Felony and Burglary, in breaking the House of one George Cromwell , on the 17 of Feb last, taking away one silver Tankard, value a Silver Cup, 20s. one other Cup 30s two Silver Mugs, value 3l. a Porringer, value 5l a Silver Tumbler, value 50s. a Silver Boyle, value 22s. a Taster value 5s. and 6d. and divers other Goods, besides 20l. in Money . Mr. Cromwell said, That seven or eight Men came into his House, about six or seven of the Clock at Sunbury in Middlesex , and bound him and all his Family, and swore horrible Oaths that they must have his Money, the Prisoner, he believed, was one of them; afterwards, his House being searcht, at the King's Heard in Crown Court in Chancery-Lane, there was a Trunk found, with some of the Goods made up in a Pillow-bare, but he denyed that he knew any thing of the Robbery. The Evidence further against him was, that he hired Horses, and ingaged for them, pretending they were going to Brainford, to a Wedding, in order to carry on their design. The prisoner endeavoured to prove that he was not concerned any further than that he past his word for one Horse; he call'd some of his Neighbours as to his Reputation, who gave a good Account on 't and one Mr. Collins, his Brewer, proved that he was at home sick all that Day when the Robbery was done, which he very well remembered by a good Token, for that he received Money of the prisoner, which he made appear by producing his Account Book which was mark'd February the 17th, as above in the indictment, so he was at last Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-28

James Verbeck , and Peter Prince , were both Indicted for that they the 10th of June last, did procure two Persons to go to the Lord Nottingham's Office to get a false Pass, for one John Arnoll and William Ottall to go to Holland . The first Evidence was one John Demott , a Dutchman, who said, that Verbeck came to him, and desired him to get a pass for two poor Dutchmen, to go beyond Sea, and bid him take the name of John Arnoll upon him, which he did, and had five Shillings paid him as a Reward, but he returned half of it back again. This Demott went first to the Spanish Embassador, with a Woman who had a good Acquaintance, and got a pass for him; after that went to under Secretary to know if that would be sufficient without another from the Earl of Nottingham, with another Man, one John Mowsal , a Dutchman, who took the name of William Ortall upon him, and had half a Crown paid him by Verbeck for so doing. Arnoll declared in court, that he agreed with Verbeck, to give him 3 Guineas for the Pass, but afterwards he would not part with it under a Luadore more, adding that he could get 10l. for it before Night. Mr. Arnoll and Mr. Ottall went as far as Harwich with the said Pass, but were stopt there by a Messenger, and brought back, they being the wrong persons, and not those who went to Whitehall for the Pass. Verbeck made a long Story in his defence to no purpose, and the Evidence did not so nearly affect Prince, so he was Acquitted , but Verbeck was found Guilty of a Cheat.

[Pillory. See summary.]

[Fine. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-29

John Bentley , was tryed for stealing four Geldings out of the George Inn Stable in Smithfield , on the 18th of July last, the Goods of Robert White . The Evidence for the King deposed, That the Prisoner took the Horses out of the Stable and carry'd them to the Bell Inn and no further; and there was some Difference between them about a Debt that the Prosecutor owed the Prisoner, for which he had formerly arrested him. The Prisoner said that the Horses were his, and the Prosecutor said they were his; so it could not be found that he had any Feloneous Intent, he was Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-30

Thomas Browne , was Indicted for stealing a black Stone Horse, value 5l. from William Gladwell , on the 25th of April last; but it was made out that he bought the Horse honestly, so he was immediately Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-31

George Powell and Daniel Kirkham , were both Indicted for Robbing the Play-House in Salisbury-Court , on the 23d of July last, of abundance of Silver and Gold Lace ; but there was no Evidence produced that could charge the prisoners, so they were immediately Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-32

Elizabeth Eaton , was Tryed for Robbing John Kitson of a Silver Tankard, and some other Goods , which she confest in Newgate that she had taken them. She was found guilty of the Felony.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-33

Theodore Shevalier and William Lewis , were Tryed, for endeavouring to Cheat one Daniel Scott of 5 Guineas, thus : Shevalier and Lewis comes to Scott's shop, being a Sadler , and Lewis told him that Shevalier was an Agent under Colonel Cook, and Colonel Bingore in Ireland, and that he had a Bill payable in the Treasury for 4000l. with which he was to buy Accouterments for the Army, and he, being a Sadler, might sell Saddles and Bridles, desiring him to give him five Guinneas in hand as a Pledge to incourage him; so also they went to one Mr. Wickin and John West , and to one Apley, to buy Boots and Shoes, the latter of which was to make all the Boots for the Regiments belonging to the abovesiad Collonels, and was to receive 14s. a pair for them; and to put a good colour upon the Matter, the prisoners gave the Tradesmen aforesaid an Authority under Shevalier's hand to make up Goods for the Life of the Regiments in Ireland, &c. and they gave Bond of performance of the Covenants made between them. Lewis declared that he knew nothing of any Trick in the Matter; Shevalier said he was surprised, and desired a little time wherein he would prove himself to be really an Agent to the Persons abovesaid, which was granted.

Reference Number: t16910909-34

Owen Lavendar , was Tryed for a Misdemeanor, In saying, That the Ministers of Scotland ought not to be Deprived of their benefices, though they refused to Pray

for King William and Queen Mary that they were not our lawful King and Queen that the clergy of England deserved to be Hang'd and [Text unreadable in original.] because they had sworn Fidelity to them . The Evidence swore that he spoke the words, but he was in Drink, which the Prisoner did not deny, and said that he did not remember any thing of it, and that he never said any such words. The Jury Acquitted him.

Reference Number: t16910909-35

John Male , was Indicted for stealing from Robert Sympson , two Silver Cups, value 3l. on the 29th of June last. It was Evidenced, That the Prisoner had one Cup which he bought of Elizabeth Hambleton (before Tryed) and he called some Witnesses to prove that he came honestly by the Cup, so he was Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-36

Edward Biggs , was Tryed for that he, together with James Whitney not taken, did steal a Gelding coloured Bay, price 8l. from George Barnsley . He confest that he stole the Horse before Mr. Justice James, and that Earsel and Old Mobb (before Tryed) was with him and one Reynolds who swore against him (viz.) that they stole the gelding out of the Grounds on the back-side of Newington Greene , he was found Guilty .

He was a second time Tryed for stealing a Mare coloured Bay, price 4l. the Goods of Thomas Arnold , out of his Grounds near Newington Green , on the 24th of August last, which he confest before the same Justice abovesaid; so he was found Guilty .

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-37

Elizabeth Cripps , was Tryed for stealing from William Farmer , on the 21st of May last, one Smock, value 7s. a Silk Pettycoat, value 3s. and an Amber Necklace, with other Goods , which was fully prov'd, so she was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

She was a Second time Indicted for Robbing one William Jones , on the 25th of March last , of five Holland Sheets, value 40s. two Guineas, some wearing Apparel, and 28l. in Money . Mr. Jones swore that the prisoner was his Servant , and had lived some time with him, and that he had lost Money oftentimes, but he could not positively charge it upon her for want of Evidence, what he said was only suppositions, so she was Acquitted .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-38

Thomas Richowey , was Indicted for Robbing Anne Page , on the first of June last, of a pair of Sheets, and other Goods ; but no Evidence came against him, so he was Discharged .

Reference Number: t16910909-39

John Sparks and Mary Downing were both Tryed for stealing from Thomas Parkinson in the Minories on the 10th of October last, a pair of Curtains and Vallens, value 30s. a pair of Sheets, forty pound weight of Feathers, a Looking glass. &c. The Chamber was let to them by the Week, for two Shillings per Week, they came in on the Friday, and went away with the Goods on the Monday following; so the Court being divided in their Opinion, as to point of Law, the matter was left to a Special Verdict, till further consideration, and they only found Guilty of taking the Goods .

They were a second time Indicted for such another offence, in Robbing Lucy Page , of Whitechappel , of a Ring, value 7s., two Feather Pillows and a Cubbord cloth, &c. They came in the same manner to Pages as they did to Parkinson, and hired a Room, and lived two or three days there, and then took away the Goods which were found upon them, it was likewise left to a Special Verdict .

Reference Number: t16910909-40

Elizabeth Eaton was Tryed for stealing, on the 10th of October last, a Silver Tankard, value 6l. the Goods of John Rowel , which she confest since she was in Newgate, how that she lodged at Rowels, and after four days time she watched where Mrs. Rowel laid her Key and took it and unlocked the Cupboard, and carried away the Tankard, &c. She was found Guilty .

She was a second time Indicted for stealing a silver Salt, value 4l. 15s. from William Dimsdale in October last; she was a Lodger likewise in his House, and she seeing the Salt in the Buttery, said in the hearing of some Persons, That there was but one thing that she likt which was the Salt; and a little time after she went into the Yard and made her escape, and presently the salt was missing; she owned it when taxed at first, and would have given to pay for it, she denyed it all, and was looked upon as a very ill Woman, so she was found Guilty .

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-41

Thomasin Blake , alias B , an Old Offender and Sarah Williams , were Tryed for stealing from Richard Hern on the first of this Instant September , a Serge Mantua Gown, value 6s. a Drugget Gown, value 6s. They went into the shop to Cheapen some Goods, and Blake put the Gown into her Pettycoat , which she denyed stifly so did Williams, but in the conclusion, Blake was found Guilty to the value of 10d. but Williams was Acquitted .

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-42

John Williams, alias Barret , was Indicted for Robbing Tho. Southwood , of Stepney , of a Serge Coat, value 10d. The prisoner was with the prosecutor where he was at work, and whilst his back was turned he went into the House and run away with the Coat under his Arm. The prisoner said that he found the Coat in the Street, but Southwood was positive, so he was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-43

George Bird and Elizabeth Bird his Wife, alias Elizabeth Bower were Tryed for Robbing Ingleton Kelson , on the 10th of August last, in the street, of a Gold Ring, value 10s a Guinea and Guinea, and 7s. in Money ; he was set upon in the Street near the Savoy by some Soldiers, and he said that George Bird Knockt him down, and the Woman was with him, and they took away the Rings and Money, so Bird was found Guilty , but his Wife was Discharged .

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-44

Sha Plum , was Tryed for keeping a disorderly House, and harbouring a Thieves . One Reynolds swore, that as he and the other Thieves, viz. Whitney, &c. were wont to steal Horses, they carryed them to his House in Chelsey , where he would secure them in a private Stable when they were put in the Gazzet, &c. The prisoner owned that they brought horses to his House but that he did not know that they were stole; but the Evidence for the King further swore, that he would sit up Nights to receive the Horses when the Robbers came back from Robbing of Wagons and Coaches, &c. and they gave him forty shillings for sitting up one Night above all the rest, and his liberty to take his choice of the Booty: But after all this, he produced several Substantial and Credible Persons, who were his Neighbours to vindicate his Reputation, which gave the Jury such satisfaction, that he was Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-45

Joseph Traps Clark , was Tryed for High-Treason, in that he being born in this Kingdom of England, was made a Seminary Priest of the Authority of the See of Rome, in parts beyond the sea, but did afterwards convey himself over into England, and in the Parish of St. James Westminster did Traiterously abide, contrary to the Laws of the Kingdom of England . The Evidence swore that he was found in his Chamber at a suspected Popish Meeting House in St. James's-street, where he was seized with several Latin Books, a Cross with the figure of Christ, several Priestly Vestments and other Trinkets, as Cru

cifixes, &c. but he was not seen to officiate as a Priest, so could not be found Guilty upon that Indictment, but was discharged by the Jury.

Reference Number: t16910909-46

Elizabeth Rickowbey , Wife of Thomas Rickowbey , and Thomas Himself were Arraigned, for that she together with Sarah White not yet taken, did steal from Jeremiah Goswick a Silver Cane, value 20s, and 15s. in Money : but no Evidence appearing they were discharged .

Reference Number: t16910909-47

John Williams , a Soldier , was Tryed for breaking the Stables of one Cundit , near adjoining to the House of Doctor Cornelius Tilburn in Covent-Garden , and stealing a Cloth Cloak, value 4l. 10s. a pair of Shoes, and other Goods of value . The Evidence could not charge the Prisoner particularly, so he was Acquitted .

Reference Number: t16910909-48

Margaret Ellis , of Westminster , was Tryed for stealing a watch with a Silver Case, from Henry Lankton , on the 5th of July last [Text unreadable in original.] Lodger in Mr. Lankton's House, and took the Watch and went away with it, and was found at the Cicilian Tavern in Drury-Lane: she said that her Husband gave her her the watch to pawn but could not prove it: and she confest, when taken before Mr. Justice Ward, that she took away the Watch, besides she absented from her Lodging, she was found Guilty to the value of 9s.

[Branding. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-49

Elizabeth Smith , was tryed for Robbing Thomas Woolley , on the 3d. of August last, of two laced Cornets, value 28s. a laced Crevat, value 30s. a Smock and a Pinner, &c. She, with another Woman and a man, came to Woolleys to drink, and took away the Goods; the Pinner she sold in Bishopsgate-street, at the Katherine-Wheel-Inn: she had confest it before the Justice, but denyed it at her Tryal, having nothing to say for her self that was material, she was found Guilty to the value of 10d.

[Whipping. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-50

Elizabeth Jones of Whitechappel , was Tryed for stealing a Silver Tankard, value 4l. five Pewter Dishes, value 15s. on the 25th of June last, from Elizabeth Bowen , Widow . She was a Lodger in Bowens House in Goodmans-Fields about a Week, and then went away, after which the Tankard and Dishes were missing, which were in a Trunk, and the hasp of the Trunk was forced out of the Staple. The Prisoner denyed the Fact, and alledged that Bowen had several Lodgers in her House besides her who might take the Plate, but that was contradicted by the King's Evidence, who added that she was taken in Leaden-hall street, and would have made her escape, being very unwilling to own the Robbery, so she was found Guilty of Felony.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-51

B - J - , Gent. Was Indicted for the wilful Murther of his own Wife Elizabeth J - on the 18th Day of July last; but before the Tryal proceeded a fresh Jury of Gentlemen were Empannel'd, whose Names are these:

Edward Knowls

John Milner

William Webb

William Dinn

Richard Bealing

Gilbert Wharton

Thomas Sutton

Charles Drumfeild

John Outting

Robert Longland

John Burchet

Robert Young .

After the Jury were Sworn, the Court proceded to a distinct Tryal of the Prisoner; and the Witnesses being called on the Kings side, and Sworn, the first at which was one Mrs. Godman, who deposed, That the Prisoner's Wife was a Lodger at her House, at Kensington for about the space of 5 Weeks; at the latter end of which time, she observed her to be very Melancholy till the day before the Murther was done, which was on a Friday, and on the Saturday Morning she was found Dead; she declared to her Landlady, Mrs. Godman, and her family after Supper, on the over Night, that her Husband had sent for her into St. James's Street, about 7 a Clock, where she was going, and that she should not come home that Night: on the Morrow Morning about Six of the Clock, some of the Country Men found her lying at the end of Kensington, near the High-way, exposed in a very undecent manner, her Coats turn'd up, her Hand all bloody, lying upon her Thigh, her Throat cut, as also her Breast, with a Mortal wound under her left Ear, her Face covered over with Blood, and a piece of a Case knife, valu'd 1d. lying betwixt her Face and her Hood, in a most horrible amazing, and most frightful manner, with her Body luke-warm: After the Murther was done, but before the Woman was found Dead, one of the Evidence Swore, That he saw a man walking up and down a Field in the Grass, out of the Path-way, near whereto the dead Corps lay, throwing his hands abroad, Sighing, lamenting, and bemoaning himself, in a most distracted manner, which he verily believed was the Prisoner at the Bar, but he was a matter of 15 Rood off him; then the Deceased's Brother, one Mr Willis, and others went to the Prisoner's Chamber, and having found him out acquainted him, That his Wife lay Murthered in such a place, as aforesaid, at which he seemed not so much affected as might be expected, shuffling himself off from them, by pretending earnest Business else-where, desiring his Brother to seek after the Destroyer; but they not willing to let him go, carried him to an Ale-house hard by, where his Mother sending for him, they were perswaded to let him go to her, he before-hand ingeniously promising to return immediately again, which he did not; so after they had got a Justice of Peace's Warrant, the Constable found him at his Fathers House lock'd up in a Room; his Mother denying of him at their first entrance; being apprehended, his Fingers were found cut, his Cravat stained with two spots of Blood, he walking up and down the Room without his Hat: Being brought before the Justice, he was examined where he had been the Night before; to which Question he could give no satisfactory Answer; and as touching his cut Fingers, he gave but a frivolous Account, viz. That a Man assaulted him as he was going up Stairs into his Chamber about Eleven a Clock at Night, drew his Sword upon him, and would have Robbed him, as he thought, but he had no Evidence to prove it, only he called his Fathers Man and Maid to prove what time he went to Bed the Night before the Murther was done, which was about Eleven a Clock; but he was alone when he went to Bed, and the Maid had the Key given to her by the Prisoner, for the Man-servant to come to Bed, who lay in the next Room, but was at that time waiting upon his Father at his House, some distance from the Chambers, so that the Man did not see him that Night, nor speak to him: He offered also several other frivolous pretences by way of Extenuation, which did not tend at all to his Advantage.

So after about Four Hours fair hearing on both sides, the Jury went out, and having well considered, gave in their Verdict, That he was Guilty of Wilfull Murther.

[Death. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-52

William Davis , was Tryed for Robbing Christian Cooper , Widow , of a Neclace of Pearle, value 10l. some Table-Linnen, viz. 22. Napkings, 14 Cambrick Handkerchiefs,&c. on the 8th of this Instant Septemb. The Prisoner was met with the Goods and Pearle

Necklace in Drury-Lane, and there taken, and the Goods found upon him; so he was found Guilty of the felony.

[Transportation. See summary.]

Reference Number: t16910909-53

Christopher Ashley , was Arraigned upon two Indictments: The first for stealing the Goods of Francis Lawrence : the second for the Goods of one Nath. Piggot , to both which he pleaded Guilty .

Reference Number: t16910909-54

John Redman was called to answer to an Indictment for a Misdemeanor committed by him, in printing a Seditious Libel Intituled, An Office for Penitents; or, A Form of Prayer, fit to be used in Sinful and distressed Times . The Book was found in his Custody by Robert Stephens the King's Messenger, and produced in Court; being examined how he came by it, he said that it was brought to him by a Stranger, and would not own who it was, so he was Fined 100 Marks .

Reference Number: o16910909-1

Thomas Ross , the Boy, Convicted last Sessions for Publishing the two Libels, the first Intitled The Triming Court Divine; the second about the late Lord Russels's Ghost, was ordered to be set in the Pillory according to the intent of his Sentence last Sessions.

Reference Number: s16910909-1

The Tryals being over, the Court gave Sentence as followeth:

Burnt in the Hand 8.

Bernard Clark, Roger Harry Young, Philip Harper, Francis Pelling, Joseph Stykes, alias Smith, Elizabeth Aldridge, Elizabeth Smith and Margaret Ellis

To be transported 1.

William Davis

Received Sentence of Death 12.

Christopher Ashley, Elizabeth Eaton, Edgerton Brett, B- J-, Edward Biggs, Matthew Earsell, Old Mobb, Lawrence Dadson, H - M -, B - T -, George Bird and Elizabeth Jones.

B - T - for Clipping, was sentenced to be drawn on a Sledge to Tyburn, and there to be Hanged only and not Quartered. H - M- for the same Treasonable Fact was ordered to be Burnt.

Robert Trumball and Robert Adderton, who were convicted last Sessions for Robbing Mr. Thomas Thornycroft's Shop in the Strand, were ordered to be Executed with those who are to suffer this Sessions.

To be Whipt 10.

Gregory Carrick, Elinor Fox, Mary Thinn, Lewis L'Roach, V- J -, Margaret Swanson, Elizabeth Cripps, John Williams, Thomasin Blake, and Elizabeth Smith.

Thomas Banks gave Bail to bring in his Pardon in course next Sessions

Reference Number: s16910909-1

Thomas Ross , the Boy, Convicted last Sessions for Publishing the two Libels, the first Intitled The Triming Court Divine; the second about the late Lord Russels's Ghost, was ordered to be set in the Pillory according to the intent of his Sentence last Sessions.

James Verbeck was ordered to be set by the Pillory, once at Charing-Cross, a second time at the May-Pole in the Strand, and to pay 5l. as a Fine, and to stand committed till all be performed.

Reference Number: s16910909-1

John Redman was called to answer to an Indictment for a Misdemeanor committed by him, in printing a Seditious Libel Intituled, An Office for Penitents; or, A Form of Prayer, fit to be used in Sinful and distressed Times . The Book was found in his Custody by Robert Stephens the King's Messenger, and produced in Court; being examined how he came by it, he said that it was brought to him by a Stranger, and would not own who it was, so he was Fined 100 Marks .

One Thomas Franks , who at Cambridge went by the Name of Father Francis a Priest, moved for a Discharge, but was continued to answer the Charge that shall be brought against him next Sessions.

Likewise one Thomas Roe , accused for High-Treason, gave sufficient Sureties to appear next Sessions.

Philip Harper found Sureties for his Good Behaviour.

One Daniel Reynolds , bound over by his Wife for beating of her, was Discharged by his Wives consent, promising in Court that he would be kind to her for the time to come.

One Richard Cuts , charged upon Suspition of Murthering his Wife in Wiltshire near Malborow, she being found with her Neck and her Arms broken in a most Barbarous manner, was ordered to be sent thither to be Tryed for the Fact at the next assizes held for that County.

John Grabee and Richard Wilmot , with others concerned in the Riot lately made in White-Fryers was ordered to remain till next Sessions, the Evidence on the Kings-side being not all in a readiness to attend the Prosecution.

Walter Strickland , and the rest of the Gentlemen who were Tryed the last Sessions, for the Murther of the Watch-man in Cheapside, Sued their Majesties most Gracious Pardon might be allowed them, which they presented in Court; but because they had not obtained a Writ of Allowance for the same, it was obstructed, and put off till the next ensuing Sessions, &c.

Elizabeth Morris likewise moved to have her Pardon allowed, but could not obtain it for want of a Writ of Allowance, &c.

Reference Number: a16910909-1


The Second Volume of the Athenian Mercury, (is now Published) Resolvinmg all the most Nice and Curious Questions, proposed by the Ingenious of Either Sex, from Saturday, May the 30th, to Tuesday, August the 18th, 1691. Price 2s. d. This Second Volume is neatly done in Marble Paper, with a general Title and Index to it; and a Preface, containing Rules for our Quevises constantly to observe in their Writing to us. Printed for John Dunton at the Raven in the Poultrey, where are to be had and Second Volumes of the Athenian Mercury [Text unreadable in original.] supplement to beginning March the ust the 18 th, containing Printed in England Foreign Europe Journal the Affairs with Reflections Maxims of State of Princes and State with reflections on the present War and Confe well approv'd of by the Learned Published every other Saturday in at St. Edmondbury Godfrey's Head The 16th Journal will be published on Saturady next.

All Gentleman and Ladies that desire to speak Latin or French fluently and that truly and properly according to Grammar Rules, and but spare of hors a Week, may be faithfully taught in one Year by Mr. Switerda, at his Lodging in Clements-Lane, near Canon-street, over against the Church Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, and in High-Holbourn, near Little Turn-stile, near to the Falcon, at Mrs Clark's House, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays; where you may have French and Latin, Grammatical and intorical Cards, by which he has taught Children of seven or eight years old to speak Latin and French: And such as please, may be Attended at their own Habitations.

These are to give Notice to all Persons, for the Benefit of the Publick, That Mr. Elmy, Professor of Physick, and Operator of known Integrity, and above 25 Years Practice, Liveth at the Blue Ball in Whale-Bone-Court, at the Lower End of Bartholomew-Lane, by the Royal Exchange, who most safely, and expeditiously Cures deafness and Noise in the Ears in any of what Age soever, (if Curable) and at first Sight, by Inspection, Resolves the Patient if so or not, as most Eminent Persons of Quality in this City can Testifie. He hath likewise a most excellent Gargarism or Mouth-Water, which will make black or yellow Teeth as White as Ivory, in few times using; and it will certainly Cure the Scurvy, and all other Diseases incident to the Mouth, Teeth and Gums, with Directions. His Pills only prepared for the French Disease, and the Running of the Reins, may be had in Boxes of several Prices, with other Venereal Arcana's as occasion requires, with Directions.

*** Spitting Drops, that any one may take safely and go abroad after, they powerfully discharge the Head and Stomach of vicious Humours frees the Body of Grout Dropsie, scurvy, all Infection Venerial or Mercurial Physick, and Cures the Face, Pal , Nose, of all ulcers, Scabs, &c. it prevents the danger of Fluxing. He hath also those approved drops for Cure of Pistulas, Piles, or Hemorrhoids, several having been cured by once Applying. By Doctor Archer, Author of the Book called Every Man his own Doector: Sworn Physician to King Charles II. He is to be Spoke with at his Chamber at the Sadlers over against the Muse at Charing-Cross, near the Black-Horse, from Noon till 5. Evening at other times at his House at Knight's Bridge. He sells not his Drops, but administers them needful. He freely gives his Advice.

In Plow-Yard in Grays-Inn-Lane, lives Dr. Thomas Kit a Collegiate Physician, and Sworn Physician to Charles II. Death Who with a Drink and Pill (hindering no Business) and takes to Cure any Ulcers, Sores, swellings in the Nose, Face, or other parts, Scabs, Itch, Scarss, Exprosies, and Venereal Disease, expecting nothing until the cure be finished. Of the last, he hath cured many hundred in this City, many of them after Fluxing, which carries the evil from the lower parts to the Head, and so distress many. The Drink is 3s. the Quart, the Pint 1s. a Box with Directions, a better purge than which was ever given, for they clense the Body al Impurities, which are the causes of Dropsies, Gouts, Scurvies, or Gravel, Pains in the Head and other parts; with another at 1s. 6d. a Quart, he cures all fevers and hot Distempers without bleeding, except in few Bodys. He gives his Opinion to all that writes or comes for nothing.

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