FREDERICK ARTHUR FANE, PHILLIP MONTAGUE PEACH.
21st May 1906
Reference Numbert19060521-39
VerdictsGuilty > no_subcategory
SentencesImprisonment > penal servitude

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FANE, Frederick Arthur (63), and PEACH Phillip Montague (32, clerk), were indicted for having on May 29, 1905, feloniously forged a warrant and order purporting to be a bankers cheque for the payment of £900, drawn by F. C. T. Gascoigne on Messrs. Drummond in favour of P. F. Tate or order and uttering the same knowing it to be forged; further, with feloniously forging on May 29, 1905, a cheque drawn by F. C. T. Gascoigne on Messrs. Beckett and Co., of Leeds, for £900 and uttering the same knowing it to be forged; further, on July 24, 1905, feloniously forging an order for payment of £350 on the Bank of Ireland and uttering the same knowing it to be forged; further, fraudulently conferring together, with Edward Willing and Maud Willing, to cheat and defraud of their moneys divers subjects of His Majesty.

Mr. Horace Avory, K.C., and Mr. Arthur Gill prosecuted.

Mr. R. D. Muir and Mr. Leonard Kershaw defended Fane. Mr. Travers Humphreys and Mr. W. H. Thorne defended Peach.

EDWARD WILLING . I am now undergoing a sentence of penal servitude for forgery on a conviction in this Court in October last. On November 7 I saw Inspector Arrow at my request and made a statement to him—amongst other things in reference to the forgery of Colonel Gascoigne's name, for which I had been convicted. I have known Peach for about 12 years. Maud Willing was convicted with me, and also Mrs. Hughes, the mother of my sister-in-law, Sybil Willing. I had been living with Maud as my wife, and was so in December, 1904, at 94, Elm Grove Road, Barnes. She did not know Peach till I introduced him in December, 1904. He used to come to the house very frequently. I have known Captain Fane about 17 years. He belonged to the Naval and Military Club, Piccadilly, and the Eccentric Club, Shaftesbury Avenue. I introduced Fane to Maud on May 13, 1905, at the Drayton Arms, South Kensington. Fane was living at 28, Drayton Gardens. In December. 1904, Peach mentioned one Kemp to me as a very expert forger, and said he could imitate anyone's handwriting—man. woman, or child. He said he lived at Brighton, but gave no

address, or full name, nor did he ever introduce me to him. He called him "The Hermit" and "Jim the Penman." I had no further knowledge of him. I knew there was a Colonel F. C. T. Gascoigne, of The Hall, Parlington, Aberford, near Leeds, in April, 1903. He sent me a cheque for 30s. on Beckett's Bank in April, 1903 [produced ex. 49]. I had been told of him by a lady. I cashed it at once. The next cheque I saw of his was for £2 2s., payable to Colonel Fane. It is dated May 12, 1905, and is on Drummond's. I had had a conversation with Peach in January, 1905, about Colonel Gascoigne. I told him he was a man of wealth, and if we could only get his signature it would be all right and Peach wrote to the Colonel. I saw the answer, from some place in Italy, on the Riviera, asking for a reference. I think it was signed by his private secretary. I told Fane of the Colonel about May 1 or 2, 1905, and explained the difficulty of getting a cheque from him. I told him he was a man of great wealth. He said he had heard of him; so we went into the Drayton Arms and had a drink, and, after further conversation, he said, "How about if I wrote him a letter asking for a subscription towards a soldier servant of mine, of my old regiment, the Rifle Brigade, who has fallen on evil times?" I said, "That might fetch him." He wrote a draft copy, which, as far as I can remember, was "Dear Sir,—Pardon the liberty I am taking, but I am getting up a subscription for an old soldier servant of mine of my old regiment, the Rifle Brigade, who has fallen on evil times, and should be thankful if you could send me a trifle." He said, "The less said the better." He said he would write it from he Naval and Military Club, and would also write it to somebody else. I do not think the soldier servant existed—he mentioned no name. I first mentioned Peach to Fane in April about some other business. I told him I knew a man who had a man behind him who was a very clever forger. I had previously called at the Eccentric Club on Captain Fane about April 12 or 14. He had just returned from Madeira. We went into the Cafe Monico and had a drink, and told him about Peach and his forger. He said, "Well; that is good." I told him of two other successful forgeries, and we met the next day, when he gave me some documents and on April 26 we cut up the proceeds of a forgery we had just carried out. He gave me £75, and he had £25. When I met him again eight or nine days after he said he had not had an answer from the Colonel, and he would write him again. On May 15 Peach and I at four o'clock met Fane at the Drayton Arms, and gave him) some money out of another forgery that had just been done. Fane had £10 for the use of a club form to effect it, otherwise he had nothing to do with that. The cheque is for £163. He said he had not heard from Colonel Gascoigne; but 24 or 48 hours after I had

a telegram to, meet him, and he handed me a cheque (ex. 18) and a letter. The cheque is dated, May 12, 1905, drawn on Drummond's, payable to Colonel Fane or order" for £2 2s., and signed "F. C. T. Gascoigne." The letter apologised for the delay; but his letter had been mislaid. Fane said, "I have got a couple of forms for you," alluding to the cheque forms. I telegraphed to Peach to meet me at Barnes. He gave me the cheque, letter, and forms. He said, "If any trouble should come about this forgery we can easily concoct—or "dig up" I think his expression was—the soldier servant, and get a man to write me a letter in an illiterate hand from a lodging-house to acknowledge the receipt of the money." These are the cheque forms he brought first, crossed "Holt and Co., Naval and Military Club, not negotiable." I told him the Colonel banked at Beckett's, Leeds, and it was arranged to do it for a large amount. He said, "The larger the better," and suggested some £2,000 or £3,000 for each of the two cheques. I said it was too large, and asked, "Who is going to pull the chestnuts out of the fire?" and suggested a sum just under £1,000 for each. We agreed on £900 on each banking account at Beckett's and Drummond's. I took the specimen cheque and letter to Peach that night. I told him we were going to forge two cheques for large amounts from the specimens. Peach was to forge them or get them forged. Peach came to me at Barnes, and I gave him the specimen cheque, the forms, and the letter. I said, "Let me have the £2 2s. cheque back as soon as you can." I cold him we had arranged £900 for each cheque and suggested they should be cashed simultaneously in Leeds and London and that Maud should go down and cash the Leeds one and I would cash the London one. Those forms were open. Fane said, "I must go to Switzerland; hut as soon as you get the money wire me and come over to Schoenek, near Lucerne, and I will cash the notes for you." Peach gave me back me £2 2s. cheque, I think, on May 19 or 20. He said, "It is all right. My man has taken a tracing of it and has got all he wants," and I returned the cheque to Fane and told him Peach had done all that was necessary. I saw him the next day and asked him if he had cashed the cheque. He said, "Yes, at the Naval and Military," and said to the steward, "They have given me brevet rank," referring to the cheque being drawn, "Colonel Fane." He went away on May 24. He gave me his dog, "Smut," to take care of. I explained the matter was out of my hands—that I was hurrying Peach on all I could and I would wire him as soon as I could. I wired him, "Will be with you on Tuesday." He went to Switzerland, I think, for his health with a friend. Peach promised to bring over the two forged cheques on Sunday night. That is why I promised to be with Fane on Tuesday, and they were to be

cashed on Monday, but he did not turn up with them till Monday, 29th, filled up, as they now are, both on forms of the Naval and Military Club. Maud was with us. I said, "You two go down to Leeds, I know how to do it. About 11 o'clock send the notel porter to buy something and let Peach follow the man. and see that he follows him properly. I will stop in London and cash the other." They went to Leeds with the other £900 cheque. The next morning I went up to town and went to Pound's, in Regent Street, and bought a portmanteau. I said, "I have not got any money in my pocket—give me a bill and I will send somebody to pay for it and you can receipt the bill." I took the bill away. I think the bag was £10 10s. I then went to the Langham Hotel and wrote a note in the smoking-room on the hotel paper: "Dear Sir,—Please hand bearer in exchange for enclosed cheque 16 £50 notes, five £10 notes, five £5 notes, and the remainder in gold."—(Signed) "P. F. Tate." That is the name of the payee on the cheque. It is addressed to the cashier, Messrs. Drummond and Co. I told the coffee-room waiter to get me a messenger-boy and I gave him the note with the cheque and Pound's bill and told him to go to the bank. That is the boy. [Hinton stood forward.] I went and had some refreshment and the boy was shadowed by a friend while he went to the bank and to Pound's. My friend then came to me and said, "It's all right: It's a bigger bag than the boy himself." The idea of the bag was to satisfy me that the money had been got, otherwise the boy would not have the bag I then got into a cab and went to Farringdon Station, where I told the boy to meet me. This is the portmanteau [produced]. I did not want anything that the boy could put in his pocket. I found the boy behind the bag. He handed me an envelope containing £889 10s. being £900 less the price of the bag. I think I gave him 2s. 6d. or 5s. for himself. This is the ticket I signed. I put the portmanteau in the cloak-room and never took it out. I returned to Barnes and saw Peach and Maud; Peach was in a great state of mind. He said he had had a terrible disaster—that Maud had sent the man off—that they had been followed and he was 25 minutes in Beckett's Bank—that he then went to the shop to fetch the parcel that had been ordered, and he came away without it—Peach, thinking he had not got the money. ran away and left the man walking about with £900—that they left their luggage behind them at the station. My wife blamed Peach and said it was his cowardice and that he made her nervous. I said. "Mine is all right—I have got mine." That made a great difference in my plans, because if the cheque had been cashed I should probably have gone to Schoenek with the money, but I thought that, if there should be an exposure in Leeds there would be probably an exposure in London, so I

sold a portion of the notes for gold at 85 per cent, on Derby Day morning, and I think it was completed the next day. I remember now that £350 in notes of the money from Drummond's I did not discount. I gave those to Peach, and said, "This is for your friend, the forger. Let him change hit own money"—or "the Hermit," whatever I called him. I gave Peach £10 on Derby night, and told him to come next day and I would settle up. On Wednesday morning I went into the London City and Midland Bank in Barnes, and opened an account with £100 in gold and notes, and sent Fane £75 by registered letter. I had before received this telegram from Fane: "Not kept promise—conclude my business not done, so must return immediately. "I wired him: "Have sold one house." That is written by Peach on a post-office form and sent from town. I also wrote a few lines in cypher used by Peach. This document was taken by the police when I was arrested at Worthing. That is the cypher. It conveyed to Fane that one cheque had been cashed at Drummond's, but that we had a disaster at Leeds owing to Peach, and that I would write again and let him have the balance, a third. On June 2 I received this telegram from Fane just before we were going to the Oaks: "Letter not received; wire explanation and remit, or must return. Take care." I wired back: "Sent registered letter Wednesday, addressed as above. Will inquire." That evening I received another telegram: "Received. Writing." These telegrams, addressed "In running," are in Fane's writing. I got 2,000 francs in French paper money from a friend staying with us in exchange for gold, and sent it to Fane on June 8, and told him not to send more letters or wires to my house from Schoenek, as it was not advisable, but to write to me in cypher addressed to Mrs. Collins, a newspaper shop in Hammersmith Road. I afterwards sent him a cutting from the "Morning Post" of the death of Colonel Gascoigne. Maud called for letters at Mrs. Collins's. I answered them in cypher. They were destroyed or taken by the police. I met Fane in July on his return, and told him what occurred at Leeds, and how the money had been left behind. He was very angry and swore, and said he wished he had stayed in London, and would not have Peach in these things any more, and would try and get into direct communication with the forger himself. I said, "He keeps him very close. I can't get at him. He has been always coming to see us, but has never been yet." This cheque for £8, dated July 25, was found on Fane when arrested. It was signed in blank by me and filled in by my wife to give to Fane, and is on the London City and Midland Bank. We were all hard up, and he said, "If I can't get any money I will cash the cheque at the club. He knew there was nothing at the bank to meet it. He afterwards pent my wife £5 by telegram.

It was cashed for Maud and me to go to Ireland, which we did on July 26, and cashed a cheque there for £350. It is drawn on plain paper and purports to be signed by Robert Hodgson. We arrived at eight a.m., left for Belfast at three p.m., and left Belfast at eight Peach was to have a share in that, but did not get it. In August Maud, Sybil Willing, and I went to Worthing. We got this letter from Peach: "I managed to get £9 advanced on one of the club forms in your name, post-dated August 11, so you had better write to City and Midland stopping same in case I don't raise the ready by then." The club forms I had obtained from Fane. "Shall do my best to get as much as I can for Kemp. Can't lose him for £50, but you need not meet cheques. I have two more which I may as well use, as I don't altogether intend getting 18 months for nothing. If I don't get the cash to repay by Friday, August 12, you will know I was obliged to hook it Sorry to put you to inconvenience, but I don't see why I should lose my man without an effort. Going to Goodwood to-morrow," etc. We received this letter, which I think is in Fane's writing, postmark, "Paris, August 19," headed "Eccentric Club," addressed to Mrs. Willing: "My address from to-night, Fulbrook, Worcester Park, Surrey." We also received this in Fane's writing: "Fulbrook, Worcester Park.—This is my address. Arrived here yesterday.—Yours, F." Also this: August 24.—"Dear Mrs. Willing,—Sorry you have been so bad. The American dentist companies are the best people. Now business. If the results are to go to Paris, or elsewhere abroad, and if I am to take them I must be in town the day before and see you and C. [Willing] and arrange things. When in town I shall put up at the club. No mess must be made this time. Hope Smut is well.—Yours truly, F. P.S.—Not a moment must be lost in getting over there. Four trains daily to Paris." That was received shortly before my arrest, on August 30. It has nothing to do with these cheques, but with another cheque we had arranged to do under £1,000.

Colonel FREDERICK RICHARD THOMAS TRENCH GASCOIGNE . I am a son of the late Colonel Gascoigne, of Parlington Hall, Aberford. Leeds, who died June 12,1905, in his ninety-second year. He was very well off. I was one of the executors and had charge of his papers. All the furniture was sold and I destroyed all documents, papers, and old cheques of no apparent value. These two cheques for £900 each—one on Beckett's Bank, which was repudiated, and the other on Drummond's—I should say were forgeries, but I am not an expert.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. I know that both banks passed these cheques. I cannot say if Drummond's return customers' cheques. Beckett's do not, where I bank. The pass-books

were kept. The colonel did not keep account of private expenditure. I had no reason to suspect forgery.

EDWARD WILLING recalled. Croat-examined by Mr. Muir. I have known Fane about 17 years. My father was an officer in the Royal Navy. I had no occupation when I met Fane, except racing. I had small means. I belonged to a club in St. Georges, Hanover Square, and the Temple Yacht Club. Fane is considerably my senior. I am turned 46. I ceased to see Fane about 1896. I obtained £210 from a lady in Blackpool in September, 1896, by false pretences, and was arrested in London. I was bailed in £200 and absconded. In 1895 or 1896 I got a loan on some bonds. There was some restriction on them. In September, 1897, I got some jewellery on approval in Bristol. What I paid for was by good cheques, and what I did not pay for was obtained by false pretences. I represented myself to be an officer of the Royal Navy. I absconded with the goods, and was arrested and sentenced at the Bristol Assizes to six months' hard labour on July 4, 1898. I was then taken to Blackpool to answer the charge I had absconded from, and was sentenced at the Chester Sessions, on July 15,1899. to five years' penal servitude. On November 17, 1902, I was released on ticket of leave. I first met Maud, called "Willing," ten years ago. I had a wife, but had not seen her for eight or nine years, and did not know whether she Was alive or dead; so I could not marry her, but she knew the circumstances, and she agreed to live with me as my wife. She came to live with me in December. 1902, and has lived continually with me since. I have been living by my wits since my release.

(Thursday, May 24.)

EDWARD WILLING recalled. Further cross-examined by Mr. Muir. I became acquainted with Mrs. Hughes in February and March, 1903. I did not know that she had a large number of cheques, but I have beard that that had happened. She told me what was her business. I gathered at the last trial she was an habitual begging-letter writer. I stayed in her house for about a week or ten days with Maud Willing towards the end of 1903. I knew Mrs. Hughes had written to Colonel Gascoigne and got money, I gathered, in cheques, and I tried myself, and he sent me 30s. by a cheque. I did not say this before the magistrate because I was not asked. I first met Fane in May, 1904. I wrote to him at the Eccentric Club without giving an address, and afterwards met him and borrowed some small sums of him. The largest was 10s. The first forgery I was connected with after I came out of prison was one in February, 1903, by Maud Willing for a small sum of £8, The next one was in May, 1903, on Colonel Gascoigne's account at Drummond's from a letter I

found at Mrs. Hughes's house. Philips did this for me. It was unsuccessful—a messenger boy took it to the bank and did not come back. I was not then in touch with Captain Fane at all. The next forgery was in February, 1905. I did nothing between May, 1903, and February, 1905, neither did Maud Willing. She was working. I was living the best I could on my wits, borrowed a bit, and making a precarious living by betting. Maud Willing was cook at the Eccentric Club from May to October, 1903, and about six weeks in an hotel, and in February, 1904, eight or nine weeks in the City. She was not keeping me. I have known that Fane attended at the Eccentric Club for years. In May, 1904, I met Fane near Victoria Station. He said, "You know where to find me if you have got anything on. Come up and see me." On April 17 or 18, 1905, I first mentioned the subject of forgery. I called at the Eccentric Club at about 4.30 p.m., and we went and had a drink. I told him about two forgeries that had been successfully done, and about the clever penman who was behind Peach. Nothing was said about forgery between May, 1904, and April, 1905, because I had not got any forgeries on at all. Cheque of Lady Pearce on Coutts's for £5 to Rev. Hughes or order I had from Mrs. Hughes for the purpose of making a forgery, and tracing produced was made by me. I forged the two cheques produced for £600 and £350 from that tracing myself, and they were in my possession when arrested on August 30. I got notepaper printed. Mrs. Hughes ordered it, and I fetched it away. That was the second time I had forged in my life. The first was the Bishop of London's cheque of August 17 for £150. I got the model from Mrs. Hughes. That was successful. The same routine was gone through—a messenger-boy employed, an article purchased at a shop, a cab, and a meeting at a place appointed. I met Tal'bot Bridgewater when under remand at Brixton for the first time in my life. I knew a racing man named Bill Wigram slightly. I have not seen him for about nine years. I knew a man named Tarbo many years ago. I met Wigram occasionally at race courses and afterwards knew him in New York. I first mentioned Colonel Gascoigne's name to Fane about May 1, 1905. Many years ago before I was convicted I have called on Fane at the Naval and Military Club. I knew his son-in-law and an old friend of my father's on the committee. I know many clubs have club cheque forms. I tried about twelve or thirteen years ago to do a bill with Fane, but not since. I knew he was in receipt of £800 a year (20,000 fcs.). He gave me the settlement about April 18. 1905. It was not for the purpose of raising a loan. Fane gave me the settlement, and the letter from Grenfell. Milne and Co., to forge his wife's name. I did it, and Fane had his share—£25. The amount was £75. I did not promise to get

him £80 or £90, or to get a promissory note discounted for him. I have never had a note of his in my life. I sent him £75 in a cheque to Switzerland. The letter was registered. I also sent him 2,000 francs. That was not registered. I saw Fane with regard to the Hodgson forgery: we were discussing ways and means of going to Ireland. Fane said, "I have not any money." I sent my wife to borrow some money of him in July, although he knew I had had my share of £900. He knew I had had £75 from his wife's cheque, £163 from the Alexander D. Bond's cheque, and Colonel Gascoigne, £900, between April and May. My wife took a blank cheque signed by me and he sent her £5. This was for the visit to Ireland. He knew I was going for the purpose of cashing the Hodgson £350 forgery. Maud and I went to Dublin alone. I got the model for that from Mrs. Hughes. Maud Willing went into the bank, and I waited outside. I shadowed her to see whether she was watched. We then went into a bonnet-shop, and she bought a hat. She handed me over the money, three £100 Bank of Ireland notes, and about £20 in, gold. We then went to Belfast by train, and thence by steamer to Liverpool. I despatched three telegrams from Dublin before I left the station. This was on July 27. Peach, Fane, Mrs. Hughes, and Maud Willing were confederates in the forgery. Mrs. Hughes had a share in that and the Bishop of London's forgery. I wrote a letter to the Bishop saying that Mrs. Hughes was perfectly innocent. I tried to clear her. She had got into trouble through my carelessness in keeping a letter in my pocket. I and, Maud Willing pleaded guilty and Mrs. Hughes was tried. The only part Fane took was that he lent £5 towards the expenses. I asked him to find out the status of Sir Robert Hodgson, and he sent me by post half a sheet of paper copied from the Court Guide. I saw him, and he said "Irish baronets are sometimes wealthy; we will try him for a few hundreds." Peach had the specimen cheque for £2 2s. given to him and forged three cheques on half sheets of paper and brought them to us at Barnes on Wednesday afternoon, July 26. Peach said the forger wanted £50, the other four—Fane, Mrs. Hughes, Peach, and myself—were to have a quarter each, £75. That was the arrangement. I never paid anybody anything out of it. When Maud and I were in the train going to Dublin we arranged not to pay Peach anything. After I had lost the money at the Liverpool races I determined not to pay Fane. I lost at the races about £160 to £175. The Irish notes were awkward to change, and I lost on them. I have not seen Fane since he lunched with me at Barnes until at Bow Street. Fane told me he would change notes on the continent. It was originally arranged that if the £900 Drummond cheque was successful I was to take the notes to him at Schoenek. I think he went

there, because the lady he was living with was very ill, and that she died in September. I received cheque for £1 10s. (produced) from Colonel Gascoigne. I said yesterday that the letter that came with the £2 2s. cheque to Fane was signed differently from the cheque. I suppose a forger would copy from the cheque. I volunteered the statement yesterday that the letter which accompanied the £2 2s. cheque was signed in a different way from the cheque. It was not because I knew there was a discrepancy. I first made up my mind to inform after my conviction. I knew that we had been given away by an anonymous letter. I said to the police, "Somebody has marked your card very well—you are well informed. I should like to know who has done that." One of the police said, "Well, we had an anonymous communication." I suspected it was Peach That was not my motive, though it may have influenced me. I thought it was fair that these forgers should be brought to justice. I never thought of obtaining an alleviation of my sentence. I made up my mind to make a clean breast of it all. I could not give the story about Peach without Fane: they were mixed up together. I wished the forgeries to be cleared up. I had no further motive than the interests of justice and truth. I told Maud to be careful about Peach. Peach had been to see her. I said, "Do not let out you know anything about the anonymous letter; do not frighten him away; we will very likely get oar own back with him." I wrote and told Maud I was going to inform against Peach since my conviction.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I got the cypher from Peach. I had no communication in cypher. They were destroyed when received. I got the forged document in Mrs. Pane's name from Peach. I did the forged cheque on the Bishop of London myself. It passed. It was for £150, written on a half sheet of note paper. Mrs. Hughes supplied me with the model. She and my wife did the shadowing. The only assistance Fane gave me was to supply me with the specimen cheque of £2 2s. from Gascoigne. Peach did about eight or nine forgeries. When I did the Bishop of London's I had fallen out with Peach, and I tried, and, to my great astonishment, it came off.

Re-examined. My story is true, every word of it. I had never fallen out with Fane in any way. I had no ill feeling against Fane—on the contrary. Fane sent my wife some money in prison. He gave money to my solicitor for me. In October. 1905. Maud and I pleaded guilty to the charge of forgery of the Bishop of London's cheque. The Leeds forgery for £900, Bond's £163, and one of £83 in the name of Shepherd were mentioned at the trial. The £900 on Drummond, £350 on Sir Robert Hodgson, and the £75 in the name of Mrs. Fane were

not mentioned. I knew, 12 or 14 years ago, that Fane had £800 from his wife. I saw his wife once. I was walking with him down Drayton Gardens, and he said, "My God, here is the old Dutch, and he dodged across the road. A lady about 55 years old passed, with a dog under her arm and another lady. Fane said, "You might go and follow her and see where they are going." I followed them, and they made a call, and I went back and told him. Fane was then living at 28, Drayton Gardens. The cheque on Mrs. Fane was forged on a plain piece of paper on Messrs. Chaplin, Grenfell, and Milne, Princes Street, E.C. Maud Willing cashed it. Fane got £25 out of it. I knew Fane for many years before I got into trouble. Fane knew I was getting a living the best way I could. In February, 1899, I was sentenced to five years' penal servitude, coming out in November, 1902. I did not see Fane till May, 1904. I told Fane I had been doing five years. He said he was sorry. I told him it was for obtaining money by false pretences. He said, "You know where to find me." I told him I was hard up. I never told him I was getting an honest living. I afterwards met him on very good terms. I used to call occasionally at the Eccentric Club. I gave the name of Willett. I first mentioned forgery on April 17 or 18, 1905. I told him about Colonel Gascoigne, and said an attempt had been made and it had been blundered, and then he said, "How if I were to write and tell him I was going to get up a subscription for an old soldier." It was his idea. I gave Fane the address and told him he banked at Beckett's at well as Drummond's, and I said we could do both. There were, other people's names mentioned by Fane. He wrote a letter to Lord Howard de Walden, and Fane told me no answer came to it. I gave Peach Colonel Gascoigne's cheque, the letter, and the envelope, and two or three cheque forms from the Naval and Military Club. Looking at the two forgeries and the £2 2s. cheque, there is a difference in the capital G, which is like that in the 30s. cheque. I did not use the 30s. cheque or a tracing of it for tile forgery. I had no tracing of it in May, 1905. The Bishop of London's was my first forgery. I tried Lady Pearce's, and forged two cheques. I should not like to present, them. I was the middle man in these forgeries. I was not cross-examined at Bow Street. Fane was represented by counsel. It was never suggested I should go out to Switzerland with Fane. No promissory note was ever suggested. Fane asked me 15 years ago if I could do a bill, but I had no chance of borrowing a shilling on his name or mine. The letter from Fane to Mrs. Willing of August 29, 1905. "If the results are to go to Paris or elsewhere abroad. and if I am to take them I must be in town the day before and see you and C," referred to the disposing of bank notes, the proceeds

of forgery from Lady Elizabeth, Pearce, the forms of which I had got in my pocket when arrested. Letter from Peach, of August 3, "Shall, do my best to get as much as I can for Kemp. Cannot lose him for £50," refers to the arrangement to pay the. Hermit £50 for forging the Hodgson cheque. The words "chycing each other" refer to the cheating over that forgery. Somebody had seen me at Liverpool races and told him they had seen me change a £100 note.

MAUD WILLING . I have been living with Edward Willing for some years. I pleaded guilty with him last October of forgery of the Bishop of London's name, and was sentenced to five years' penal servitude. Before my trial I requested an interview with Inspector Arrow, and made a statement; I also made a further statement after the trial. At, the end of 1904 I was living with Edward Willing at Barnes. I first met Peach in September, 1904, when living at Hammersmith. I often saw Peach at Barnes. In the spring of 1905 Peach wrote to Colonel Gascoigne to try to get his signature, but Colonel Gascoigne was in Italy and did not reply. Peach said he would get the forgery, done by a man he called the Hermit who lived at Brighton. I met Captain Fane at the Drayton Arms with Peach, and was introduced to Fane as Edward Willing's wife. I afterwards saw Fane at a public-house in Brompton Road. He gave me some crossed club cheque forms. He afterwards gave me some which were uncrossed. He said, "Tell Peach to be careful with them, because they are difficult to get." My husband showed me Colonel Gascoigne's cheque for £2 2s.; he gave it to Peach with some of the cheque forms at Barnes. I afterwards saw two cheques drawn on Colonel Gascoigne's account for £900. Peach brought them and gave them to my husband. The same night, May 29, I went to Leeds with Peach, taking the cheque on Becketts' Bank. I had a Gladstone bag, and Peach had a bag. We arrived at 10 p.m., and stayed at the Great Northern Hotel in the names of Mabel Cox and Edward Dean. I had lost the key of my bag and the porter burst the lock for me. The next morning I took my luggage to the station and put it in the cloak-room. Peach sent his bag on to Clarence-road, Hackney. I went to a costumier's in Briggate, Leeds, and selected a dress. It wanted a little altering, and I arranged that the hotel porter should call for it in an hour and pay for it. I then went to the hotel and asked for a messenger, a porter, gave him letter produced: "Please hand bearer seventeen £50 notes, three £10 notes, and the balance in gold in exchange for the enclosed cheque, and oblige yours faithfully Mabel Cox," and enclosed the forged cheque for £900. Peach then followed the messenger and I went to the station. Peach was to come and tell me if it was all right. I gave the porter

instructions to call for the costume, pay for it, and meet me at the first-class waiting-room at the railway station. Peach came and said he thought there was something wrong, because the porter had been into the costumiers, had not brought the parcel out, and instead of going to the station had gone back to the hotel. He got very nervous, and thought we had better go back to London. We took a cab to a station outside Leeds, booked to Bradford, and on to London. My bag was left at Leeds. Peach afterwards wrote for it, and it was sent on. I saw Edward Willing in the presence of Peach. He said he had been successful with his cheque. Next day Edward Willing gave Peach three £50 notes to be sent to the Hermit, the forger, and the day after I handed to Peach's brother £100 in gold. He brought a letter written in cypher by Peach. I had been in the habit of communicating with Peach in the cypher produced, which was found at Worthing when we were arrested. On May 31 I saw telegram from Fane, Schoenek, "Not kept promise—wire the truth immediately." In reply to that I wrote telegram, "Sold one horse. Send money to-day," and gave it Peach to send. Telegram produced appears to be in Peach's writing. I saw my husband write a cheque for £75 and send it with a letter addressed to Captain Fane. I wrote to Fane in Switzerland several times in cypher, and had answers from him in cypher addressed to a newspaper shop at 9, Hammersmith Road, where I called for the letters. Sybil Willing went with me. Fane came to our house at Barnes to lunch. Edward and Sybil were there. I afterwards met him by appointment at Brompton Road, and he gave me some cheque forms. I had a conversation with Fane about the cheques on Drummond's and Beckett's Banks. He said he thought it was badly managed. Peach was the wrong one to have gone with me to Leeds, that it made me nervous, or" something of that sort, and that he thought the other £900 at Drummond's Bank had been wasted, because so much had been charged for changing the notes. With regard to the Hodgson cheque, Fane said he thought the people were all right and might be done for a good amount. I told Fane it was all right, that my husband had seen the cheque from which the forgery was going to be made and had given it to Peach. I told him that Peach and my husband were going. Fane said it was all nonsense, and that he would go. It was afterwards arranged that my husband was to go with me, and I did in fact to with him to Ireland. I went to the Bank and presented the cheque for £350 over the counter. It was made payable to Mrs. S. Read. I had endorsed it beforehand. They kept me some time, the cashier and several others looked at it, they seemed satisfied, and gave me the money. On my return to London I went to see Captain Fane with Sybil Willing. I told him it was not successful. Cheque produced by Edward

Willing for £8 I took to Captain Fane before going to Ireland to get cashed, but for him to hold it over a few days. I told him I was going to Ireland, and wanted £5. He sent me £5 by the telegraph money-order produced. It was with the aid of that £5 we went to Ireland. On my return I told him the cheque would be met. Letter produced speaking of his "share of the £350" is in Peach's writing, and refers to. the Irish forgery. I had told him it was not successful. I received letter from Fane from Eccentric Club, "My address from tonight Fulbrook, Worcester Park, Surrey," and the letter from that address, "This is my address, arrived here yesterday.—Yours, F" He told me he would write his address because we were thinking about another forgery on Lady Pearce, and I was told Fane was going to Paris to change the notes. I received letter from Fane of August 24 when at Worthing, "If the results are to go to Paris or elsewhere abroad, and if I am to take them, I must be in town the day before. No mistake must be made this time." That referred to the proposed forgery on Lady Pearce's account. On August 30 I and Edward Willing were arrested. While waiting trial I had one or two notes from Fane. He sent me a postal order for 10s. Peach wrote to me twice in the name of M. Peters, saying he was short of money or else he would help me, and he came to see me in that name. I have had no quarrel with or grudge against Captain Fane.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. I first heard of Colonel Gascoigne in April, 1903, from Mrs. Hughes, when I was living in her house. She said he was a very charitable man, and advised me to write to him for money. My husband wrote and got a cheque for 30s. We cashed it with the greengrocer. I did not mention that at Bow Street. My husband got a cheque forged in Colonel Gascoigne's name. I do not know the amount. I saw it in my husband's possession. I had it and sent a messenger boy with it in the call office in the Exchange. I gave the name that was on the cheque. I do not remember the name; it may have been Mrs. Ferguson, of Porchester Gardens. I did not endorse it. I waited in Oxford Street for the boy and he did not return. I do not know where my husband got the model to forge it. I was intimate with Mrs. Hughes at the time. She had several of Colonel Gascoigne's cheques at the time I saw them and my husband saw them. I did not get any letters of Colonel Gascoigne's from Mrs. Hughes. Sybil Willing was living at Luton at that time. I saw a cheque for £10 from Colonel Gascoigne in September. Several letters from Pane were found on me on arrest, all in ordinary writing. I had destroyed those in cypher. I corresponded with him in cypher when he was in Switzerland about forgery. I wrote in

cypher about Colonel Gascoigne's death. I do not know whether I wrote about the Dublin forgery while he was in Switzerland. Edward Willing and I had no secrets from each other. My husband wrote: "Drummond's successful; the other not." I wrote to explain how and why. While in prison I wrote to Fane for money, told him I had lost my teeth, and could not eat the food and was frequently starving. My solicitor was Barrett, for whom Edward Willing had been working. He applied to Fane for money. I do not remember whether Fane told him he would give a pound or two and no more. I told Sybil to tell Fane it would be better for him to help towards our defence. It might be a threat. Sybil said Captain Fane told her he could not do any more just then and that he had given her £1. In February, 1903, I passed a cheque for £15 at Welford's Dairy for Montagu, a man I knew through Edward Willing. I was prosecuted and bound over on an undertaking to go to a home. I stayed there one night and, went back to Edward Willing the next day. It was arranged that we should say the Irish forgery was unsuccessful on the journey to Ireland, because my husband wanted to buy his brother out of the Army. My husband said he had sent two telegrams from Dublin, one to Peach and one to Mrs. Hughes. He did not say he sent one to Fane. The cashier consulted other people about the signature. I stayed there and waited. I was not nervous at all. I have no scruples about telling lies when I have an object to serve. I suspected Peach had informed the police; that is part of my motive and I wanted the matter cleared up. I was put up to be identified at Holloway, and it worried me because I knew it was for the Irish cheque and I hoped to escape punishment for it. I did not hope for remission of my present sentence. I thought Edward Willing's sentence might be reduced and a small part of my motive was to assist truth and justice and for revenge. Edward Willing told me he should give information and advised me to do the same; that was when we were committed for trial. I knew I had no hope to escape conviction, and it was only a question of the sentence. The cheque for £8 I took to Fane was signed in blank—no name of payee or amount. I told him I was very hard up and asked him whether he could cash the cheque for me. I told him it was only for a few days and then it would be met.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. Of the two letters produced, the one in violet ink is Peach's writing; the other is his writing, but disguised. I received no letters from Peach which were in cypher. I have written to him in cypher. I destroyed all letters before I went to Worthing; it is an accident that some survived. There were two forgery operations which I and Edward Willing carried out without any assistance from Peach and

no shadowing by him—done without the co-operation of the defendants. My story is not an invention at all.

Re-examined. I never saw Kemp the Hermit. I was not asked by the magistrate about the 30s. cheque. I was crossexamined by Mr. Muir. It was never suggested to me that the £75 cheque sent to Fane was the discount of a bill or promissory note. I never heard it suggested that Willing should go to Switzerland with Fane to play baccarat. I have nothing to explain why I told Sybil to tell Fane that it would be better for him to subscribe to our defence—he had had his share of the money.

CHARLES ERNEST WATSON , cashier at Drummond's Bank. Cheque of May 30, 1905, purporting to be drawn by F. C. C. Gascoigne, was presented at my bank with letter produced: "Dear Sir—Please hand bearer in exchange for the enclosed cheque 16 £50 notes, five £10 notes, 5 £5 notes, and £25 in gold." Paid cheques are kept at the bank until the customer wants them. I could not say how long this one remained with us.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. Looking at the forged cheque, I see a flourish at the top of the "C" and "G." They are not present on the £2 2s. cheque produced and they are present on the £1 10s. cheque produced.

Re-examined. There is no stroke under the signature of the 30s. cheque; it is present in the £2 2s. cheque and also in the forgery for £900.

GEORGE HENRY HINTON . In May, 1905, I was in the service of the District Messenger Company. On May 30 I was sent to the Lang-ham Hotel and was then sent with two notes, one to Drummond's Bank, for which I received two packets, one of notes and one of gold. I then took the other letter to Pounds, paid £10 10s., and they gave me a big portmanteau. I got a cab and drove to Paddington Station. After waiting about five minutes the man who had given me the letters came up. I handed over the money and the portmanteau and he signed my ticket.

FREDERICK MERRITT , cloak room, attendant, Paddington Station. On Monday, May 30, a portmanteau was registered and remained uncalled for. I delivered it over to the police.

CHARLES MONAHAN , night porter at the Great Northern Hotel, Leeds. On May 29, 1905, about 10 p.m., two persons called Mabel Cox and Arthur Dean arrived at the hotel. I identify them as the prisoner Peach and Maud Willing. I had to burst the lock of the lady's portmanteau because she had lost the key.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I see many hundreds of people in the course of a month or a week. I recognise Peach

by a photograph shown me by Inspector Hanley some data afterwards.

Re-examined. I recognise Peach as the man I saw at Leeds. I wag shown several photographs and I picked the prisoner Peach out.

JOHN CRUDGE , hall porter Great Northern Hotel, Leeds. On May 30 I saw two persons named Mabel Cox and Arthur Dean at the hotel, whom I identify as the prisoner Peach and Maud Willing. The lady left the hotel in the morning with her baggage, and later came back without it. She spoke to me and I sent for George Neill, the baggage porter, and she sent him with a letter. The lady followed five minutes afterwards. The porter returned with money, and from what he said I thought there was something wrong. Inspector Hanley afterwards showed me several photographs from which I picked out one of a man whom I recognised as the prisoner Peach.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I see hundreds of people at the hotel in a month. Inspector Hanley showed me several photos which I did not identify. He then brought me photos of three men and two females. The man I recognised had no beard.

Re-examined. The next morning I learnt they had been trying to cash a forged cheque; that helped to fix it in my memory.

GEORGE NEILL , porter, Great Northern Railway Hotel, Leeds. On May 30 the person whom I now know as Maud Willing gave me a letter and told me to take a cab, go to Beckett's Bank, and I should there get' a letter with some money, and also £20 in gold, and then to a dressmaker in Briggate to get a dress, then take it with the money to the Midland station. I went to the bank, received the money, and on reaching the dressmakers found the dress was not ready. I then went to the station but did not see the lady, so returned to the hotel with the money and handed it to the hall porter. I had paid for the dress but had not got it.

EDITH COBB , 47, Briggate, Leeds, ladies' tailor. On the morning of May 30 a Mrs. Cox, of the Great Northern Hotel, came to my shop and selected some costumes amounting to £10 12s. One had to be altered and she arranged to send and pay for and take away the goods. Porter Neill came, paid the account, and I promised to send the costumes to the hotel, which I did.

WILLIAM WILSON BRIGHAM , cashier, Beckett's Bank, Leeds. On May 30 I cashed cheque produced for £900 purporting to be signed by Colonel Gascoigne, and payable to Mrs. M. Cox. It was presented by a porter from the Great Northern Hotel, with a letter stating the notes and gold required. The next

day the assistant manager of the hotel brought back the money and also the costumes. I then communicated with Colonel Gascoigne, and found the cheque was a forgery. I then lodged an information, and a warrant was granted against Mabel Cox.

JOHN FREDERICK MCNEILL , parcels clerk, Midland Railway, Lower Clapton. On May 30, 1905, I took in a bag which was sent by the 11.10 train to St. Pancras, to be delivered in Hackney district.

ALFRED WAKEFORD , carman, Midland Railway, St. Pancras. I produce parcels way-bill of May 30, 1905, by which I delivered a bag to Davis. 115, Clarence Road, Lower Clapton. It arrived at St. Pancras about four o'clock.

LYDIA DAVIS , wife of George Davis, 115, Clarence Road. Lower Clapton. On May 30, 1905, I took in a bag which was sent for about a fortnight afterwards, and delivered up to the police. They came with a letter which I believe came from Philip Peach, my husband's nephew.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I could not swear the letter was Peach's handwriting.

CHARLES ERNEST WATSON , recalled. We send a pass book to customers when asked. Colonel Gascoigne's book was sent on June 7. Between May 30 and that date it was in the custody of the Bank.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. We have a returned cheque-book. I will endeavour to find by to-morrow any entry with regard to a cheque by Colonel Gascoigne of April 23, 1903, presented April 25, 1903.

SPENCER CHARLES WALPOLE , secretary, Naval and Military Club, 92, Piccadilly. Prisoner Fane is a member of the club, and has been for some years. Colonel Gascoigne was not a member. We have cheque forms for the use of members like those produced, both crossed and uncrossed. They are supplied by Holt and Co., our bankers. I give a number to the cashier, and the porters or waiters get them for members who pay for the stamp. We do not use many uncrossed cheques. Cheque of July 25, 1905, for £8, produced, was cashed at the club, and was returned from our bankers unpaid. I wrote to Fane asking for an explanation. I saw him on August 15. He said he had only just got my letter, paid in cash for the cheque, which I subsequently returned him. Cheque £2 2s. by F. C. T. Gascoigne is endorsed by Fane, and was cashed at the club.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. We have some 2,000 members. There is no system of recording the names of strangers introduced at the club. Any member can take strangers in. There are about 50 servants in the public rooms, not all on duty at once; at luncheon time most of them would be. We have three hall boys. It would be possible for a member, or a person

the hall boy took to be a member, to send a hall boy for a cheque form.

THOMAS BLAGDEN , hall porter, Naval and Military Club. I keep the members' attendance book, and make entries therein. Captain Fane attended on April 28, May 4,17, 18, and 20,1905.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. On each of those days a great number of members attended.

GEORGE PACK , hall porter, Naval and Military Club. I entered Captain Fanes attendance on May 9 and 10, 1905.

Cross-examined. A great many other members attended on those days.

GEORGE CHILVERS , steward, Naval and Military Club. I received cheque produced of May 12, 1905, for £2 2s., endorsed by Captain Fane, from the cashier on May 19 or 20. Cheque for £8 also bears my endorsement and was received by me from the cashier.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. Letters addressed to members are kept by the hall porter unless he is instructed to send them away. I paid cheque for £2 2s. into the bank on May 20.

FREDERICK SWINDELHURST , foreman to Vacher and Co., Great Smith Street, Westminster, printers. Cheque forms produced are printed by my firm for Holt and Co. and are only supplied to them.

ALFRED HALLETT , cashier to Holt and Co., Whitehall, bankers. Cheque forms produced are printed specially for us and are supplied only to the Naval and Military Club. Those produced bear the stamp of November 17, 1904, and were supplied by us to the club on March 2, 1905.

EDITH RALCH , stepdaughter of the proprietor of the Drayton Arms, Old Brompton Road. I have frequently seen Fane in the saloon bar. He came nearly every day from the beginning of 1905. generally with Edward Willing. They used to sit and talk sometimes for an hour. Once they were accompanied by a woman.

Cross-examined. I do not know that Fane was living close by. I have served him with brandy in a bottle; I knew it was for hit wife.

(Friday, May 25.)

CHARLES ERNEST WATSON , recalled. I produce returned cheque-book from Drummond's Bank, in which is entered: "26th February, 1903, F. C. T. Gascoigne, 23rd April, £50. Mrs. Ferguson, of Porchester Gardens, by messenger, 1,281. Requires endorsement." That entry means that a cheque payable in that way was returned because it was not endorsed.

GEORGE BASIL EARLE , manager, London City and Midland

Bank, Barnes. I know Edward Willing, formerly of Elm Grove Road, Barnes. He opened an account on May 31, 1905. with a payment in of £100. On that date cheque produced for £75 was drawn in favour of Captain F. Fane, and was paid on June 7 through the Cantonal Bank of Lucerne, endorsed by them June 2, 1905. Cheque for £8 of July 25, 1905, was drawn by Edward Willing on that account and refused, marked "R/D"—refer to drawer.

CHARLES BORSINGER , manager, Hotel Kurandstadt, Schoenek, Switzerland. Fane came to my hotel on May 20, 1905, with a lady, filled up form produced, "Mr. and Mrs. Fane." Stayed till June 16 and then left. He asked me where he could change a cheque and I recommended the Cantonal Bank. Schoenek is two hours from Lucerne, half an hour by carriage, and one and a half hours by steamer. On June 2 Captain Fane was charged 4.85 fr. for a telegram, which corresponds with the cost of sending telegram to "Inrunning, London," produced.

Cross-examined by Mr. Kershaw. Fane gave his name as Mr. and Mrs. Fane. The lady appeared to be an invalid. There is a doctor attached to the hotel; I do not know whether he attended her.

JOHN EDWARD MALLINSON , Clerk in the Accountant-General's Department, General Post Office. I produce original form of telegram of May 28, 1905, signed by C. Martin, 11, Castelnau, Barnes, to Fane, Kurandstadt, Schoenek: "With you on Tuesday, Charles." I produce original telegram of May 31, sent from Schoenek, to "Inrunning, London," received from the Swiss authorities: "Not kept promise. Conclude my business not done, so must return. Wire the truth immediately." I also produce original telegram, dated May 31, 1905, from E. Smith, Maiden Lane, to Fane, Kurandstadt, Schoenek: "Sold one house; sending money to-day "; also original telegram from Switzerland to "Inrunning, London ": "Register letter Schoenek," received from the authorities in Switzerland for the purposes of this case; also original form handed in in Switzerland: "Letter not received. Wire explanation and remit, or must return. Take care "; also original handed in at Putney addressed to Fane, Schoenek: "Sent registered letter Wednesday, addressed as above. Will inquire, Charles "; also original handed in in Switzerland to "Inrunning, London ": "Received. Writing "; also original form of application for telegraph money order for £5. payable at Barnes High Street to Maud Willing, 94. Elm Grove Road, Barnes, and purporting to be sent by F. Arthers, 91, Shaftesbury Avenue; also actual order and receipt for same.

MAUD ELIZA WHITE , post office clerk, Barnes. I produce registered letter book showing I received and registered a letter

addressed to Captain F. A. Fane, care of T. H. Vinderlie, Kurandstadt, Schoenek Switzerland. Cross-examined. All registered letters are recorded.

THOMAS WATSON , chief clerk to Mr. Freighter, estate agent to Colonel Gascoigne, Aberford, Leeds. I acted as secretary to the late Colonel Gascoigne. He died June 12, 1905, and was ill only four or five days before he died. He very frequently gave small sums by cheque in answer to begging letters. He was not particular about his accounts. I put the estate accounts before him every month; he did not trouble about them much as long as the book was balanced. He was a colliery owner, had estates near Leeds, "was a very wealthy man, and dealt with large sums. He went to Italy about October, 1904, and returned about May 3, 1905. The turnover in his passbook, for 1903 was £69,000 at Drummond's, beginning the year 1905 with a balance of £4,000.

Cross-examined. Colonel Gascoigne was in the habit of answering begging letters and sending cheques during the past 14 years while I have known him. He was about 92 years old.

ELIZABETH TASKER , stationer, 9, Hammersmith Road. Letters, were received at my shop for Mrs. Collins, and were called for by Maud Willing. The prisoner Peach on one occasion came for letters for Mrs. Collins.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. Peach called in May, 1905. I do not remember whether the man who called was wearing a beard. I remember his face. I first identified him at Bow Street in the dock.

Re-examined. I was not called at Bow Street I recognised Peach without being invited to identify him.

ELLEN ATKINSON , principal wardress, H.M. Prison, Holloway. I enter letters sent by prisoners in book produced. On September 14 and 21, 1905, Maud Willing sent letters to Captain Fane, Eccentric Club. On September 26 a postal order for 10s. was sent to and handed by me to her.

Cross-examined by Mr. Kershaw. I keep a record of all postal orders or money sent to prisoners, but not of all letters received by them.

ALICE CHEESE , wardress, H.M. Prison, Holloway. On September 11 and 15 letters were sent by Maud Willing to Cap tain Fane, Fulbrook, Worcester Park.

SARAH JOYNES , 43, Wycomb Street, Leicester Square. I received letters addressed to Peters during six months from September or beginning of October, 1905. Peach was not the man who called for them.

WILLIAM BIRCH , inspector, Scotland Yard. I arrested Edward and Maud Willing at 18, York Road. Worthing, on August 30, 1905. I examined their room, and took away some papers, including letters from Fane to Mrs. Willing; and from Peach to

Edward Willing, and the cypher. I received two letters, Peters to Maud Willing, from the Governor of Holloway Prison, which 1 handed to Inspector Arrow. After Fane was arrested he wrote to his lodgings at Bury Street, St. James's, a letter containing instructions for clothes to be sent.

Cross-examined by Mr. Kershaw. I did not tell Edward Willing his arrest was in consequence of an anonymous letter. He was under that impression. He said, "I suppose this is an anonymous letter," and we did not contradict him. In fact, we did not get an anonymous letter, but acted on information.

SYBIL HELOISE WILLING , wife of George Willing, the brother of Edward Willing. On June 1, 1905, I went to stay with Edward and Maud Willing at Barnes and remained till they went to Worthing at the end of July or beginning of August, where I accompanied them. I have been to 9, Hammersmith Road for letters for Maud Willing. I do not remember the name they were sent in. I have also been with Maud Willing and seen her get a letter which was not in ordinary writing. I know Fane. He came to Edward Willing's house at Barnes to lunch. Edward and Maud Willing were present. I saw Fane at the station when I went to meet Maud Willing. She had been away. She told me she was going to Scotland. I am not sure it was Waterloo; it might have been Euston. She came to South Kensington Station and there met a man who I think was Captain Fane. They were walking up and down, talking for about ten minutes. I know Peach. I first, saw him at Barnes, and I have seen him there a good many times, about four times a week, morning, afternoon, and evening. He was called Peter, or Philip Peach; he seemed to have two or three names. On the day we went to Worthing he came to Victoria Station to see us off. A few days after Maud and Edward Willing were arrested at Worthing I met Fane by appointment at Burlington Arcade. He wrote letter produced addressed to "Mrs. Willing, Ethelden, House, Ethelden Road, Uxbridge Road, September 5, 1905. Meet me to-morrow, Wednesday, at Burlington Arcade.—F." He said he thought Edward and Maud Willing were very foolish. I understood him to mean in being caught. I said I thought they were as well. I said, "Are you not going to have anything to do with it." I meant with the forgery. "Have you anything to do with it?" He said, "They cannot touch me." He said "Have they got any money?" He was talking about the time we met at Kensington, and he said, "Did they get any money?" I said, "There seems to be a lot knocking about." He seemed surprised. He said, "They told me that they had not got any." He said, "Maud told me they did not get anything." I do not remember anything being said about the way in which

the money had been obtained. I may have said that the money was the proceedings of a forgery. I cannot remember what he said to that. I asked him for money. I wanted him to do anything he could. He gave me £1. I afterwards wrote to him at the Eccentric Club for money and received no answer. (The witness appeared to be fainting and the cross-examination was deferred.)

CHARLES ARROW , chief inspector of police, New Scotland Yard. On March 2, 1906, I laid information on what had come to my knowledge, received a warrant for the arrest of the prisoners, and on March 8, with Sergeant Birch, arrested Fane in Piccadilly. I said, "Mr. Fane, I believe?" He said, "Yes." I gave him my official card, which I read and I said, "I arrest you on a warrant for forgery. I will read it to you." He said, "I have never forged anything. I know nothing of any forgery. I suppose it is in connection with that man Willing." I took him into the hall of the club and there read the warrant He said, "I am absolutely innocent. I know nothing about it. I know that brute Willing to my cost" I said, "The warrant only mentions one charge of forgery—a cheque. You may be charged in connection with other cheque forgeries." The one in the warrant was the £900 Drummond forgery. I took him to Cannon Row police station; he was there searched by Sergeant Birch and Sergeant Fowler, who handed to me what was found upon him, and I went through the. list with Fane shortly afterwards. Amongst them were cheques for £8, of July 25, 1905, by Edward Willing, marked "R/D" two letters, signed Peach [Exhibits 2 and 3] one dated on postmark November 27, addressed to Captain Fane, Eccentric Club, from 145, Brook Street, "I should like to see you if you care to make an appointment with me to our mutual advantage "; the other, without date, "Dear Captain Fane, I trust that when in town you will not forget our appointment." I said, "These are from the prisoner Peach." He made no remark. Prior to finding the documents, I read the charge to both defendants, and neither made any remark. I also found on Fane three pawntickets, one, October 17, for a ring for £4; a ticket of same date for a dressing-bag, £5 10s.; one, of October 19, for a watch, £5—all in the name of Fane, of the Naval and Military Club. He gave his address as 16, Bury Street, St. James's. I took from him a key and went to that address, which is a lodging-house, where he had one room, I found there a bag which the key fitted, and found in it the cypher written on a letter-card, addressed Captain Fane, Eccentric Club, Shaftesbury Avenue. in Peach's handwriting, bearing a post mark of February 24, 1906. With the exception of some minor differences, it is the same as that found at Worthing. I found a loaded revolver and some

cartridges in the bag, and two pawntickets, one of September 13, 1905, for two pins, two pairs of links, a stud, and two lockets, £4 10s., in the name of Mr. Lambert, Pulbrook, Worcester Park; another, of the same date and name, for a painting, £1. I also found in an envelope five pieces of paper torn from letters, one bearing the signature of George Herring, who is a well-known gentleman of large means, living at Hamilton Place, Piccadilly; another bearing the words, "I have no doubt it is a good thing, and I wish it every success.—Savile." I have seen Mr. George Herring's secretary, and have called on Lord Savile and found he was away. Another torn piece of paper contains the words, "that you may succeed, I am faithfully yours, Robert B. Lavery." He is a well-known commercial gentleman of large means, with a private residence in Portland Place. Another bears the signature of Sir John Aird; another the signature of Sir Charles Wyndham. I received a communication from Maud Willing on September 30, and had an interview with her in Holloway on October 3, before the conviction. On November 7 I had an interview with Edward Willing, in consequence of a letter I received from the Governor of Wormwood Scrubs Prison. At that time I knew nothing of the £2 2s. cheque, or of the telegraphic communications between London and Schoenek. I made inquiries early this year and found the cheque for £2 2s. I knew nothing about the Drummond matter, and did not mention it at the time of the conviction.

FRANCIS CARLIN , detective-sergeant, Scotland Yard. On March 7, with Sergeant Fowler, I arrested Peach at 145, Brook Street, Kennington. He made no reply to the charge. He wrote and signed receipt produced, in my presence, of March 12.

JOHN E. MALLINSON , recalled. "Inrunning" was the registered telegraphic address of Edward Willing, 94, Elm Grove Road. Barnes, from January 24, 1905, to February 15, 1906.

SYBIL HELOISE WILLING , recalled. In 1904 I had some correspondence with Colonel Gascoigne at the instance of my mother, Mrs. Hughes, and I received £3 from him in postal orders. Letter of August 30 produced, signed Sybil Willing, mentioning a cheque received, is not my writing, or written, by my authority. I never received cheque of Colonel Gascoigne for £10 produced. I do not know the writing on the endorsement. When I saw Fane no particular sum was mentioned. I do not remember saying it was for the purpose, of Willing's defence. I tried to get money from all his friends, and I spoke to Fane amongst others. I may have asked for money for the defence.

Cross-examined by Mr. Muir. Before seeing Fane I saw Maud Willing in prison. I think she told me to tell Captain Fane that it would be better for him that he should

supply money for her defence. It sounded like a threat. I do not remember telling him that. I cannot remember his saving that he was not going to be blackmailed. I was married February 19, 1901. Up to that date I was living with my mother, Mrs. Hughes. About two years after my marriage I heard of, Colonel Gascoigne. I first wrote to him in August, four years ago, and received £3 in postal orders. I never got a cheque from him. I wrote letters produced, of July 22 and August 7, 1904, to Colonel Gascoigne asking for money. I did not write letter, produced of August 25, signed Sybil Willing. I could not say whose writing it is. I think it is my mother's. It is her address. Upon, it is written in red ink, "£10 sent." Letter of August 30 acknowledging £10 cheque is not my writing; it is like my mother's, and bears her address. I never saw that cheque till now. When I went with Maud Willing for, the letter she opened it in the street. I did not read it or look at it, or know the handwriting, or where it came from. It did not appear, to be in ordinary handwriting.

Re-examined. In the letter of July 22 I speak of my husband being in South Africa, and that I was trying to earn something for my living. Those statements were true. Colonel Gascoigne's secretary wrote asking for a reference, and I referred him to Mr. Willey, solicitor, Leeds. He knew my family. My mother, is not a widow. Mr. Willey had known me, and my sister and the family. My father was a clergyman of the Church of England. We come from Dorchester.

Inspector ARROW, recalled. Two at least of the signatures produced are from letters addressed to Noel Middleton. I found letter from Noel Middleton on Fane's person.

Cross-examined by, Mr. Muir. Exhibit 51 is dated March 1. I have made inquiries, but could not see Mr. Noel Middleton. I had charge of the Hughes case, and also of this ease from the first. I first got knowledge that Edward Willing had been in possession of the, £10 cheque of April, 1903, towards the end of December, 1905. The matter was not then before the Treasury officials. They took up the matter on January 26. I, do not think that cheque was mentioned until the middle of April. That cheque was in their possession by April 21. I can say now it was towards the end of November I knew of the £10 cheque and also the £l, 10s. cheque. The Treasury had them from April 20. It would be possible for a prisoner in one cell at Bow Street to speak to a prisoner in a cell opposite. Talbot Bridgwater was an organiser of forgeries, and his office was a centre to which forgers from all, parts of the world resorted, and other criminals from Australia, America, and the Continent. Bill Wigram is a notorious criminal and putter-up of crime. Tarbo is a swindler and card-sharper. Bridgwater

generally had a forger on hand on the premises, who attended daily for orders.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I believe the address on the cypher to, be Peach's handwriting.

Re-examined. I have no information that Edward Willing was a companion of Bridgwater. I had a lot to do with Bridgwater before his arrest, and knew his associates pretty well, and I do not know that he had an associate in Willing. His is a separate gang. There are other gangs of forgers besides those two. Wigram and Tarbo were constant companions of Bridgwater. Until I saw Edward and Maud Willing in prison I had no knowledge of the cheque for £2 2s. or of the forged cheque for £900 on Drummond's Bank, although at the time of the conviction the forgery on the Leeds Bank was known and mentioned. After committal of the, prisoners photographs of all the material things were sent to their advisers.

THOMAS HENRY GURRIN . I am an expert in handwriting of over 20 years. I have seen telegrams from Schoenek and letters purporting to be signed by Fane, including the one concluding with the words, "No mess must be made this time." I believe them to be in Fane's handwriting. I have seen telegram sent to Schoenek [Exhibits 2 and 3] written to Fane, Exhibit 26 addressed to Edward Willing, containing the words, "I do not altogether intend getting 18 months for nothing," and the cypher on postcard; they are all in Peach's handwriting. With regard to the two letters written to Maud Willing in prison, the one in violet ink is so unlike Peach's writing that I could not recognise it as his. I had the two cheques for £900 put before me about the middle of April. I had for comparison another cheque of Colonel Gascoigne's for £2 2s. This report, dated April 24, that I made on the three documents is absolutely unbiassed:—"Colonel Gascoigne's handwriting: The only two specimens are the cheque [Ex. 18] and a letter to Mr. James Dobson. I have carefully compared this writing with the writing of the signatures on the Leeds and Drummond's cheques [Exs. 14 and 15 respectively], and I am quite satisfied that both of these are forgeries produced by one person. There is a laboured, tremulous writing which is quite absent from the genuine writing. The signatures on Exs. 14 and 15 (Drummond's and Beckett's cheques) are almost identical-in fact, they might have been traced from one model. They are almost exactly the same length. They do not absolutely coincide when superimposed, but the paper shifting might account for the slight difference that exists. The two signatures on the two forged cheques are practically alike. One might be taken from the other." The correspondence is so great that, in my opinion, it could not have been produced by free-hand forgery. "Those signatures (I am speaking of the forgeries) do not coincide in

any way with the genuine signature [Ex. 18, the £2 2s. cheque] on the cheque to Captain Fane, which bears a much shorter signature, nor with the letter to Mr. Dobson, and, although these two forged cheques may be a very fair imitation of some genuine signatures, I see no ground for assuming that either or both of them were modelled from the £2 2s. cheque made out to Captain Fane, as there are peculiarities in both the forged cheques very studiously introduced which do not exist at all in the genuine cheque or in the signature of the latter to Mr. Dobson. I refer to the initial curls at the tops of the capitals C and G in each of the forgeries nowhere seen in Ex. 18. Then, again, the date in Ex. 18 is written '12th May, 1905,' but in both the cheques the date is written 'May 29, 1905." The order of the figures is reversed. I made my report on Colonel Gascoigne's cheques for £1 10s. and £10 on May 16 as follows: "I am unable to discover any reasonable ground for assuming that either of the forgeries was modelled on either of those four specimens. [Mr. Dobson's letter and the three cheques.] It is possible that certain features may have been taken from some of them-for instance, the curved dash under the signature in Ex. 18. The reasons supporting my view are the date in the forgeries is written in just the opposite way to what we see it in all the specimens. These latter have the day first and the month after, and the forgeries reverse this order. The forged signatures must have been taken from one model. They are practically identical. This is proved by superimposing the forgeries on each other, and it is then seen they correspond individually, though, taken as a whole, the space occupied is not exactly the same. The accidental moving of the paper would account for this. The word 'pounds' in the forgeries is different. In the cheques for £2 2s. and £10 respectively I note a difference in the final 's.' The difference is in the forgeries. It is a tall 's' in the word 'pounds' and the other finishes off with a long, downward stroke. This appears in both the forgeries and does not appear in any of these models before me. The figure 2 which appears in each forgery is a quite differently formed figure to the 2 in the £10 cheque, and also quite different to the figure 2 occurring three times in Exhibit 18 and the initialled little curve at the top of the C, and occurring several times at the top of in each forgery does not appear at all in Exhibit 18; nor is it seen in the letter to Dobson. It is seen in the cheques dated 1903 and 1904 for £1 10s. and £10 respectively. So that it is possible that peculiarity might have been taken from the last-named cheques, but the theory seems improbable, as in all other respects the signatures on those two cheques are so unlike the forgeries that it is difficult to conceive that they could have served as models."

That applies to Exhibit 18 as well as to the cheque of 1903. "One model, as I have said, might have served for both forgeries, and it seems only reasonable to assume that that model had a different capital T and a different from anything seen in the specimens, as they contain nothing to compare with those in the forgeries. I can therefore only respectfully express my belief that the forgers had access to some specimens that I have not seen. Possibly an examination of other paid cheques drawn by the late Colonel Gascoigne might show that." I then deal with Sybil Willing's writing. I have had no other specimens.

By the Court. Sometimes the forgery is effected by tracing and sometimes by copying a signature. When it is a reproduction of the actual signature I expect the forged signature to differ from the actual signature; but if you are dealing with a respectable kind of forger, a man who knows his work, you expect something like the original. I am very much surprised that either cheque was paid. I do not dispute that there might have been some likeness to Col. Gascoigne's signature, but the likeness does not exist between that signature and any model shown to me.

By Mr. Muir. The forger undoubtedly had a genuine signature before him of Col. Gascoigne's from which those two cheques were forged. In two different specimens of his signature there are very marked characteristics, which are introduced into the forged documents. The little characteristic curve before the C and the G is entirely absent from the £2 2s. cheque and present in both the forgeries. In the £1 10s. cheque I find the characteristic curve above the C and the G. In that respect the forgeries may have been copied from the £1 10s. cheque. The dash under the name in the forgeries is absent from the £1 10s. cheque and present in the £2 2s. cheque. This cheque for £1, "Parlington Estate account, T. R. Henry," is endorsed "Sybil E. Willing." It was not shown to me. The day figure is put after the month, which is not so in the models. I do not think it probable that a person in possession of all these cheques might produce a signature like that upon the forged cheque. The forger must have had some other model. The bottom of the F in Exhibit 14 and 15 is formed by making a short hook. Exhibit 18, the cheque payable to Col. Fane, has at the bottom of the F a big open loop instead of a short sharp hook. In both forgeries, the top of the T is extensively curved. The top of the F is also curved. In Col. Fane's cheque the tops of both the F and T are almost straight; they form an angle. In the small g in the name "Gascoigne" in both forgeries there is no open loop in the tail. It is finished off almost like a q. In Col. Fane's cheque there is an open short loop in the down stroke. In the 1903 cheque the bottom of the F has a short, sharp hook

similar to but not identical with that in the forgeries. The tops of the initial letters F and T are extensively curved as in the forgeries. The T is more angular. In the £10 cheque there is a sharp hook at the bottom of the F. The tops of the F and T are almost straight The T has a similar short hook as in the forged cheques, and similar to that in the £2 2s. cheque, the small g in "Gascoigne" is quite a q. In the two forged cheques the big curved dash goes right through the downstroke of the capital G and the small g. It occupies the same position in both forgeries. The dash in the £2 2s. cheque is much further below the signature at the beginning than the forged cheques. It goes quite clear of the capital G.

Cross-examined by Mr. Thorne. I made a report to the Treasury on Peach's handwriting which was sent in on April 24. Exs. 31 and 32 are not, in my opinion, Peach's writing. What Maud, Willing has said would not affect my opinion. I have gone through these letters very carefully, and if there is any trace of Peach's writing in those exhibits it absolutely baffles me, and I should doubt it on the most reliable authority. 31 is written by the same person as 32. The alignment in one is a little better preserved. I do not say that the writing in 31 is natural and that in 32 disguised. There is a strong resemblance between Exs. 37 and 47. The documents that bear Peach's name, I think, show that he is versatile in his writing.

Re-examined. These two letters, Exs. 2 and 3, one signed "Peach" and the other "J. Peach," when compared with his admitted handwriting of "Peach" [Ex. 47], show very marked differences. Exs. 31 and 32, written by Peach to Maud Willing in prison, differ in slope. It is a common mistake that writing in a backward way disguises the writing. In neither the cheque for £1 10s. nor the cheque for £10 is there a dash under the signature. Such a dash I should call a characteristic, and it is obvious that the forger of the £900 cheques for that reason would not copy from the £1 10s. or £10 cheque because the dash or flourish is absent. It is present in the £2 2s. cheque, the only one in which I have seen it. The flourish or dash in the Beckett cheque under the signature corresponds more with the £2 2s. cheque than the other forgery. It finishes with a curve backwards and is completed, whereas in the Drummond cheque it goes right to the bottom without finishing. The flourish, obviously, is not a tracing. It is purely a matter of argument. There is an unnatural shakiness in the forgeries. The genuine signatures are very firm considering the Colonel's age.

(Evidence for the defence.)

FREDERICK ARTHUR FANE (prisoner on oath). I was for some years in the Rifle Brigade, and sold out in the '70's with the

rank of lieutenant. I have since been called "Captain." I have been a member of the Naval and Military Club for many years. I joined it when in service. I am also a member of the Eccentric Club. I met Edward Willing, I think, in 1888 or 1889. I understood his father was in the Navy. He was apparently well off and went about with people who had money. I met his brother later, who appeared to be a man of some means. I knew Edward as Charles. I lost sight of him in 1893 or 1894 until 1904, when he called at the Eccentric Club and left a note for me. I afterwards met him in Shaftesbury Avenue by chance. He said he was hard up and I gave him some money once or twice. He told me he had been to South Africa during the war. He called several times at the club. I went abroad in November, as the lady I was living with was getting ill. I returned to London in March, 1905, and lived in Drayton Gardens. I found two letters from Charles Willing at the Eccentric Club. I destroyed them. They were asking to see me. I took no notice of them. I afterwards met him by accident in April. He was considerably better dressed. He seemed much better off, and said he was doing fairly well. He was living in Barnes. I told him I had spent a good deal in travel and if I could raise money I should be glad. He asked if I had any security. I said nothing very tangible. He said he might raise some money for me. I told him the only security I had was a small income paid to me under an undertaking, and had been paid to me for many years. He said he would make inquiries. I saw him a few days after, when he asked me to entrust the document to him and he would see what he could do. I gave him the undertaking as against a receipt. I saw him again, when he returned the document and I returned the receipt. I showed him letters from the solicitors who forwarded me my money. He said he would let me know, and that he could get me some money on my promissory note from a sporting friend, and suggested I should make it for £90 and he would get me as much as he could on it. My allowance was £800 a year, paid quarterly. I gave him the note, dated May 9 or 10, for £90 at three months. He gave me a receipt. I met him two or three times after, when he said he was trying to get the money, but his friend had been out of town a good deal racing. The lady I have mentioned was still very ill, and I took her to Switzerland. I was anxious to get the money before going. When discussing the matter with Willing in the "Drayton Arms" a man and woman came in, who were introduced to me as Maud Willing (his wife) and Peach. Willing reminded me I had met Peach years before, as a clerk in an office in Brick Lane, where I used to call. Willing said he would send the money to me next week. I gave him my address at Schoenek. Something was said about baccarat,

and that money was to be made at various watering-places abroad. He said he would not mind "having a shy at it." I left for Switzerland about May 20 or 22, and left my pot dog Smut with him. The money did not arrive, and I wrote and telegraphed to Willing. I received this telegram from him. I thought he was coming out, as he had hinted doing, for a holiday and trying at the tables. He did not come, and I wired him, referring to the promissory note (produced). I received this reply: "Sold one house; sending money to-day." Should be "sold one horse." I did not know what it meant. There was no name on it, but I concluded it was from Willing. I then wired: "In running, London. Register letter." The money not arriving, I wired: "In running, London. Letter not received. Wire explanation and remit, or must return. Take care." I thought I was being made a fool of. I then received this wire: "Sent registered letter Wednesday, addressed ass above. Will inquire. Charles." I then received a registered letter, with cheque for £75 on the London City and Midland Bank, which I gave (to the hotel people to cash. I acknowledged it, and said the amount was not what I had been promised. I returned to England in July. Willing met me in the Brompton Road and said he did not get as much money at he expected on my promissory note. He asked me to go down to Barnes. I went to luncheon. He casually said he supposed the promissory note would be met, or something to that effect, and I said yes. I afterwards had a letter from him to meet him in the Fulham Road, but he did not turn up; his wife, Maud, did. She asked me if I could lend her some money, I think she said £5. I did not like it much. She proposed my cashing a cheque, which she produced. I do not think there was any date on it. It was signed but not filled in. She said if I could cash it and hold it over two or three days it would be met, and would I wire the money? I suggested making it £8. She filled it up in my presence in a saloon bar, I think, or a paper shop. She handed it to me. It is dated July 25. I took it up to the club and cashed it, and wired £5 to her. She asked me not to send it in my own name, but "F. Arthers." A few days after I received a telegram and went to South Kensington Station where I saw Maud. She said she had just come up from Liverpool; that Willing had lost money, and was stopping to try and get it back at the races. She asked me if I had any small change for, I think, a cab or something. I did not know any reason, for her meeting me except to say he had lost money at the Liverpool Races. I gave her a few shillings. The cheque I cashed at the club was dishonoured, and I took it up. I put the cheque in my pocket and forgot all about it, and do not know where it is. I did not see her again. I saw

Willing in August in the Brompton Road by appointment. He asked me if I was going to meet the promissory note. I said if he had got it on him I would pay him. He said he had, and I paid him in notes and gold £84 10s. I deducted £5 which I had sent to Maud and expenses entailed. I never saw him again. I destroyed the promissory note which he handed to me. I received one or two letters from Mrs. Willing, which are destroyed. They referred to the dog, and how nice it would be to go abroad in the autumn, which generally meant going to one or two watering-places and having a gamble. I have been on the Continent many times. I sent them my address at Fullbrooks, Worcester Park, Surrey, where they take paying guests. I wrote this letter to Mrs. Willing: "Dear Mrs. Willing,—I am sorry you have been so bad. The American Dentist Company are the best people." "Now business. If the results are to go to Paris or elsewhere abroad, and if I am to take them I must be in town the day before and see you and C., and arrange things in town," etc. "Now business" referred to going abroad for the purpose of playing and "no mess must be made this time" referred to their losing their money at Liverpool. "P.S.—Not a moment must be lost in getting there. There are four trains daily to Paris." That refers to the season, which was running out, and it might be too late. I heard of the arrest of Willing by a letter from a Mr. Barrett, who, I believe, was acting as their solicitor. I do not know what has become of it. I went to see Barrett. I alter wards received a letter from Mrs. Willing from Holloway saying she could not eat the food they gave her because of her teeth, and asking if I would let her have some money. I sent her 10s. I afterwards had a letter from Mrs. Sybil Willing, and subsequently met her in the Burlington Arcade. She told me the Willings were very badly off and wanted money for their defence, I think £30 or £40, and that Charles Willing was very bitter, and she did not know what he would say or do. I said I did not know anything about his business. I felt very sorry for them. I did not mind giving them £1 towards their food, which I gave her. I declined to do anything else. She seemed to think I ought to find money for the defence. I did not see why I should. She seemed rather warning than anything else. She was civil enough. I bad another letter from her. Ex. 38 was given me a long time ago by Middleton. I had them for two years. A man I metat the club asked me for some autographs some time ago. I got them for him, and shoved them in my pocket, as I did not see him again. I forgot all about them. The pawntickets were my own. I know nothing about the cypher code, except that I received it. I never wrote or received a letter in cypher. The letter-card of February 24, 1906, I do not know how I

came by. I put it in my pocket, and threw it down with other papers when I went home to dress for dinner. In reference to the two-guinea cheque, I met a man in April last who told me he was an old soldier (Acres), and had been in the battalion, I think, and wanted some assistance to take him away, as he had fallen on bad times. I thought I would try and collect a little money to help him along. I had no previous acquaintance with Colonel Gascoigne, except that I met him casually years ago. I wrote to him and other people, and he sent me that two-guinea cheque. I remember the letter in which the cheque was enclosed was dated a day or two later than the cheque. It came to the Naval and Military Club. I kept it in my pocket for two days and cashed it at the club. Then I saw Acres, and handed the money to him and gave him £2 of my own as well. I did not have many other answers to my letters. I wrote to the colonel of the regiment and he did not answer. I never handed the cheque to Charles Willing, nor had he it in his possession. I never heard of Mrs. Hughes, the mother of Mrs. Sybil Willing. Except for that cheque for £75, which I received at Schoenek, I never received any French notes or any further money from Willing at all. I have never had anything to do with the forging of these cheques, directly or indirectly.

(Saturday, May 26.)

FREDERICK ARTHUR FANE (prisoner on oath), recalled. I agree with Willing that I knew him first in about 1888 or 1889. I saw him frequently up to 1893 or 1894, and then lost sight of him until May of 1904 or a month earlier. Before 1896 I was on intimate terms with him-too much so. I met him at different places. He had lunched with me at the Naval and Military Club. I did not call him by his Christian name. I do not think he had any occupation. He seemed to have money. I have been a card player, not for heavy stakes. I may have played with Willing, but not habitually. When I met him in 1904 he had left a line at the club with no address and I met him by accident. I asked him what had become of him. He said he had been in South Africa during the war. I did not think he had been in a regiment or as a soldier. Whether he had been fighting or not I did not know. He asked for assistance and I gave him small sums on several occasions. He said he was trying to get something to do. I believe he was for a time in some place. I had no conversation with him about card playing. I did not say I knew a good man if he knew of anything good, or ask him if he knew of any mugs. Nothing of the sort took place. I met him off and on for a month or so. I went abroad in the autumn of 1904. I met him again by accident in the early

part of April. 1905, before Easter. He seemed to be better off. He paid me £2 or £3—certainly not £10. I had lent him the money. I met him several times at the Drayton Arms, considerably after Easter, by appointment. He was negotiating a loan for me. I gave him the settlement and the letters. We probably met three times about that. He said he knew a man who could do it, and he gave the documents back to me. I understood that he had shown them to somebody who was going to do it. This was before Easter. The settlement was a voluntary letter written by my wife and two or three letters from the trustees, enclosing a cheque on Chaplin, Milne and Co. I have been told since by my solicitors that a cheque for £75 was forged in the name of my wife. Early in May I handed to Willing a promissory note for £90, payable three months after that date. I received my income of £200 about May 15, and went abroad on the 24th. I was anxious to get the note discounted before I started. I saw Willing occasionally at the Drayton Arms. I wanted to know whether the note was going to be done. I asked him to see me. I wanted the money. I believed he would send it me as soon as he got it. I trusted him. It was a mere coincidence as far as I was concerned that Peach and Maud Willing came to the Drayton Arms when Willing and I were there. Peach had nothing to do with the promissory note. I never expected them. I had known Peach as a clerk in the office of Ferrers, patent agents and financiers, in the City, in 1896 or 1897. Willing told me or I should not have recognised him. I do not know why Willing should mention my name to Peach. I afterwards met Peach in Piccadilly in February, 1906. He came up and spoke to me and asked if I could get a berth for him. I knew Edward Willing was living at Barnes. I suppose Maud Willing and Peach came to meet him at the Drayton Arms. I received two postcards from Peach, one dated November 27, 1905, from 145, Brook Street, addressed to me at the Eccentric Club. I do not know how he knew my address. I cannot explain his writing the letter. I do not know of any possible mutual interest between me and Peach. I got both those cards at the same time—found them waiting for me at the club. They do not look the same handwriting. I did not answer them. When I met him in Piccadilly he said he wanted a clerkship. I returned from abroad in July. I met Willing the first time afterwards by appointment. I wanted to see him to ask why he had sent me £75 instead of £80. I had mentioned it in my letter and had no answer. He said he could not get any more. I did not ask him who he discounted the note with. He asked me to come and visit him; the date was not fixed. I went to lunch with him and met his wife and his

sister-in-law. He asked me whether the promissory note would be met and I said "Yes." After that he made an appointment to see me in the Fulham Road. Maud Willing came instead and asked me to lend her £5. She did not say what for or that they were going a journey. I refused to lend it I said I could not lend it. She then said she wanted a cheque changed and held over, and she then produced a cheque signed in blank. I agreed to let her have £5 on that cheque. She wanted me to telegraph the £5, and I made the cheque for £8 because I wanted the balance. I cashed it at the club. I believed it would be met, that it would take two days to clear it. I did not think the cheque would be dishonoured. I telegraphed the £5 in the name of F. Arthers because Maud Willing asked me not to send it in my own name. She said she did not want it to appear that the money came from me. It did not appear to me strange at the time; now it is put before me in this way it does. The secretary asked me for an explanation. I said it had been given to me. I was very sorry and I would take it up. I was not in the habit of using cheque forms at the club. I knew they had cheque forms; I have had them in my possession. When I have gone abroad I have taken two or three occasionally. I was in London between July 29 and August 15. The club was closed, and the club was located at the Rag. Letters would not be sent on there unless special instructions were given. I might use cheque forms when abroad to pay a bill by drawing on a solicitor's office. I have used them when abroad I have not done it for a long time. I do not think I can give you the name of any solicitor. In May, 1905, when going abroad, I think I had three blank cheque forms. I have not had a banking account lately. When my £200 comes in it is pretty well all gone. I have been an undischarged bankrupt nine or ten years. After lending Maud Willing the £5, I had a telegram, I think from Liverpool, asking me to meet her at South Kensington Station. I was rather surprised to see she had been to Liverpool. She did not tell me why she had gone there. I had no suspicion she had been to Ireland. Before this case I never heard of Sir Robert Hodson. I did not know what Maud Willing wanted—I thought it very possible she might want to borrow more money. She told me they had had a bad time at Liverpool. The only object disclosed to me of the interview was that she wanted to borrow. In August I met Willing and paid the promissory note by £84 10s. in notes and gold. I had a sum of £20 in notes, and the rest was from my cheque which I had just received. I cashed my cheque at Chaplin, Grenfell, Milne, and Co., 6, Princes Street. I received the cheque on August 12 and cashed it August 14. I did not make a statement at the police court. I left the case in my counsel's

hands. It never struck me that if I had stated this inquiries might have been made to trace these notes. With regard to the Gascoigne £2 2s. cheque, a man met me in Pall Mall and asked me to assist him as an old soldier. It is a common form of begging. He gave me the names of several officers who served with me, and he was perfectly right. He said he recognised me. His name was Acres. I forget hit Christian name. I was not an ordinary story; I put him through his facings. I had no reason to suppose Colonel Gascoigne had any connection with the Rifle Brigade. I happened to know he was in the habit of assisting people in that position by common repute. I also wrote to Colonel Sir Julius Glyn and Lord Howard de Walden. I probably told Willing because I asked him to make inquiries about the man and to see whether he could hear anything about him, and he told me He could not. I did not receive the cheque for £2 2s. until May 17 or 18. I saw Willing several times; he was always hanging about. I had the soldier's address, and gave it to Willing. He told me he could find nothing about him. I did not think he had inquired. The next time I saw the soldier I cashed the cheque at the club, and gave it him with £2 of my own money. I cannot say whether I told Willing I had a £2 2s. cheque from Colonel Gascoigne. I saw a good deal of Willing; I did not suspect him in any way, and one talks about such a thing. I do not recollect anything being said about the cheque being made payable to Colonel Fane when I cashed it. I am called Mr. Fane at the club. Mr. Fane is on my cards. I did not say to the man at the desk, "They have given me brevet rank." I do not recollect saying it to Willing. If I told him about the cheque at all, I may have told him that; it is quite possible. There was a scheme between Edward Willing and me to go abroad to gamble, and that he should discount my promissory note; those two things absolutely explain all the communications that passed between us which have been put in evidence in this case. In May Willing was also proposing to go abroad for his health. He had the gout. Schoenek is a watering-place, a recognised hydropathic place. I have not suggested Willing was going to Schoenek. Willing said, "If we go abroad we would go to one or two places together and have a game." Aix-les-Bains was mentioned. The season begins there about June 15. I went to Schoenek for the benefit of the lady's health. We were going to move to Baden or Aix after her cure of three weeks. There was no particular hurry. I did not know when Willing was coming. I thought he was coming shortly after I left, on May 24. He was coming abroad, and if I wanted to, he would go to some of those places and have a go at the tables. You want a certain amount of capital for

that. Willing seemed to get money; he was a spendthrift. I knew the man got money. It was dependent on his finding money, certainly. Willing's telegram of May 28, 1905, "With you Tuesday," surprised me. I did not expect him so soon. I know now the Derby was on Jane 1; I did not know it then. There are other races that week. It did not astonish me that he should sign the telegram Charles; I knew him as Charles Willing. I cannot suggest any reason why he signed the form "C. Martin" or should have used a false name. Putting it in the light of what he says, of course, I can understand it. The telegram, "Not kept promise; conclude my business not done, so must return. Wire the truth immediately," was with reference to the loan. I should have had to return so as to get it done elsewhere. I was dependent upon the discounting of that note to stay any length of time. I went abroad on the distinct understanding that the money was to be sent. I do not understand what Willing meant by "Sold one horse." I waited to see if the money would come. I did write and acknowledge the money, and asked him what he meant by the telegram about the horses. When I came back it escaped my memory. I say the letter of August 24, 1905, "Now business. If the results are to go to Paris or elsewhere abroad, and if I am to take them, I must be in town the day before I see you, etc., and arrange things when in town. I will put up at the club. No mess must be made this time. Yours truly, F," is explained by the Baccarat scheme—that Willing was to go abroad with me and gamble at the gamingtables. That is the whole explanation of it. I merely meant that we were to go together. "If I am to take them" means take the money. Willing must have been going to trust me with the funds to go abroad to gamble with. I cannot give any other explanation of those words. "Not a moment must be lost, four trains daily to Paris"—it was getting very late. There was no mug to catch. I do not know that the cypher if in the handwriting of Peach. I cannot suggest anyone else who could have sent it. I have not the slightest idea why it was sent to me. No doubt it is a cypher. The five autographs were obtained for the purpose of handing them to an American gentleman who collects autographs, and I had not seen him. He was a man at the Eccentric Club. He wanted noble people's autographs; he did not suggest wealthy people. I forget his name; he was an honorary member. They had been in the bag for two years. One of them is the signature of Sir John Aird. I got it from) Mr. Middleton. I got them all from him at the same time. I do not know where he is—I think he was in Italy. (Copy letter-book handed to witness.) This appears to be a press copy, and it is dated March 29, 1905. It looks extremely like a press copy of that letter. There was

a loaded revolver in my bag. I have always had one. I have been in America, where we always carry one. It has been loaded for a very long time. I am not afraid of burglars in Bury Street, 8t. James's.

Re-examined. I have had these autographs a considerable time in my possession.

(Monday, May 28.)

Verdict, Guilty.

Peach pleaded guilty to on October 19, 1903, being convicted of felony at this Court.

Inspector ARROW. The above conviction was punished by 12 months' hard labour. Peach received three months' at Marlborough Street for embezzlement. He belongs to, a family of criminals. His father is undergoing a sentence of five years' penal servitude for receiving bonds. His brother is also a criminal. I have no doubt at all he is the actual forger. There are other forgeries of cheques not mentioned. The first in which Peach is said to be concerned is one in 1894 on the account of Fred Terry, the actor. Another on the account of Mr. Shepherd at the Union and Smiths Bank for £83. Then then was a cheque for £75 in the name of Mrs. Fane—the prisoner Fane's wife—and a cheque for £163 on the Capital and Counties Bank on May 6, 1905; that was the first on the Naval and Military Club forms; Fane and Peach were both concerned in that. We had next the bond forgeries, and these two cheques for £900 each and the one for £350 mentioned in this case. Then there was the cheque in the name of the Bishop of London for £150, but Fane had nothing to do with that. When arrested the Willings were in possession of forged cheques for £600 and £350 on Coutts's Bank, and as to these it is supposed that Fane was to participate if they had been passed. All the cheques were passed in the way mentioned in this case. I know nothing more about Fane than has transpired in this case. A great deal has transpired about his social life.

Sentence, each prisoner, Seven years' penal servitude.


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