JOHN IRELAND.
8th July 1830
Reference Numbert18300708-7
VerdictGuilty
SentenceDeath

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Third Middlesex Jury - Before Mr. Baron Garrow.

1264. JOHN IRELAND , alias HIGHLAND , was indicted for that he, at the General Quarter Session of the Peace of our Lord the King, holden at Kingston upon Thames, in and for the County of Surrey, on Tuesday in the week next after the 11th of October, to wit, on the 14th of October, in the 9th year of the reign of George the 4th, and from thence continued by adjournment to Monday, the 20th of the same month of October, he(the said John Ireland) together with one James Lockwood, were tried and convicted upon a certain indictment against them, for that they, on the 10th of September, in the 9th year of the reign of George the 4th, at the parish of St. Saviour, in the liberty of the Clink, in the County aforesaid, one piece of false and counterfeit money, made to the likeness of a piece of good, lawful, and current money and silver coin of this realm, called a shilling, unlawfully, &c., did utter to one Ann Jackson, spinster, they well knowing the same to be counterfeit; and that they, at the time when they so uttered the said piece of counterfeit money, to wit, on the said 10th of September, at the parish aforesaid, within the liberty aforesaid, had about them in their possession one other counterfeit shilling, they well knowing it to be counterfeited; against the Statute,&c.; - and that they, on the said 10th of September, at the parish aforesaid, within the liberty aforesaid, one other counterfeit shilling, as and for a good one, unlawfully, &c. did utter to the said Ann Jackson, they well knowing the same to be counterfeit; against the Statute, &c. And it was thereupon considered by the Court that they, for the said misdemeanor, should be severally imprisoned in the House of Correction at Guildford, in the said County, for the space of one year, there to be kept to hard labour, and should severally enter into a recognizance of 10l, with two sufficient sureties in 5l. each, to be of good behaviour for two years more, as by the record thereof doth more fully appear. And that the said John Ireland, now called John Highland, having been so convicted as a common utterer of false money, to wit, on the 27th of May, in the 11th year of the reign of George the 4th, at St. Clement Danes, Middlesex. one piece of counterfeit money, made to the similitude of a good sixpence, as and for a good one, unlawfully and feloniously did utter to one Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel England , he well knowing the same to be couterfeit: against the Statute . &c.

MR. ELLIS conducted the prosecution.

ELIZABETH ENGLAND . I am the wife of Samuel England, who keeps the Alphabet public-house, in Stanhope-street, Clare-market . On the 27th of May , about eleven o'clock in the morning, the prisoner came to our house, and called for a glass of peppermint, which came to 2d.; he offered me a sixpence in payment - I served him, gave him 4d. change, and he went away; I put the sixpence into the till, and am quite certain there was no other there - in less than ten minutes he came in again, and asked for another glass of peppermint; I served him with that - he offered me another sixpence: I then looked at this second sixpence - I took it, and saw it was a bad one; I immediately opened the till, looked at the other, and found it was the same - I told him that was the second bad sixpence he had given me in less than ten minutes; he said he did not know, he had just taken it, and he would go to the person he had just taken it from - he said he had not been in before, but I am quite sure he had - I recollect him perfectly well, and have no doubt of his being the man who came twice; it was his coming again made me suspect him - I told him I should keep the two bad sixpences, and then he paid me in copper, but I kept the sixpences: I saw him again in about a quarter of an hour - James Davidson brought him to my house; he had been at the bar at the time he paid me the two bad sixpences - he told the prisoner to pay me the 4d. out of the bad six-pences, and he gave me 4d.; that was to pay for what I had given him in change - I marked both the sixpences, in the presence of Morris, the Policeman, (who apprehended him,) and gave them to him.

EDWARD TERNOUR. I lodge at Mr. Kilbeck's, a tobacconist, in King-street, Covent-garden. On Thursday, the 27th of May, between nine and ten o'clock, I recollect a person coming into Mr. Kilbeck's shop; it was a soldier, but I will not swear the prisoner is the man - I saw the prisoner in custody a week or ten days after, and had a doubt whether he was the man; I saw him twice on the 27th of May - he asked for a quarter of an ounce of tobacco, and gave me sixpence: I put it into the till, and gave him 5d. in change - there were one or two other sixpences in the till at the time, but not more than two; I remarked that the sixpence he gave me was exceedingly black, very dirty, and the two in the till were perfectly clean and good, quite distinguishable from the one he gave me - I afterwards saw James Davidson: he went out, and returned in five or ten minutes, with a soldier, who I believe to be the prisoner, and had no doubt of his being the man who had given me the bad sixpence; Davidson said, in the prisoner's presence, "Here is the soldier that passed the bad sixpence on you" - the prisoner said, "Was it a bad one? I was not aware of it;" Davidson said he had followed him from place to place, and witnessed his passing bad sixpences, prior to his coming into that shop; the prisoner then said, "If I have given you a bad sixpence where is it?" I replied,"Not expecting to see you again I destroyed it;" I had thrown it into the fire - he immediately drew from his pocket 5 1/2d., which he laid on the counter, and said,"There, that will do I suppose?" Davidson said, "No, not exactly - you have passed other bad money, and must change it;" he then demanded the prisoner's name, and he very indistinctly gave Highland or Ireland; we could not make out which - Davidson said, "You must now go with me," and he quitted the shop with him.

JAMES DAVIDSON not appearing, his recognizance was estreated.

WILLIAM TYRRELL . I keep the Plough public-house, Carey-street, and know the prisoner. On the 27th of May, between half-past ten o'clock and a quarter to eleven, I saw him on the opposite side of my street, making a stand; he came over, and asked for three halfpenny worth of peppermint, which is an unusual quantity, but seeing he was a soldier I gave him three halfpenny worth - he put me over a sixpence, which I saw was very dirty and black, but I believed it to be good; I had other people at the bar, and did not examine it so accurately as I might - I observed two or three dents in it, as if it had been bruised- I put it into the till with other money; there were other sixpences there at the time - I gave him 4 1/2d. on change, and just after he went away I emptied the money out of the till into my pocket; I paid no money out of my pocket till after I had seen the officer, who came, and made inquiries of me - I gave him information: the prisoner was not present; I took out my money and looked at it, saying I had taken a black sixpence of a soldier, which I could distinctly point out - I did so; we rubbed the dirt off, and found it to be a very bad one - I am quite satisfied it was the one he gave me; I had no other like it in my pocket: I marked it, and gave it to Morris, the Policeman.

JOAB MORRIS. I am a Policeman. I apprehended the prisoner on the 27th, and received from Elizabeth England two bad sixpences, which I produce; I kept them separate from any others - I searched the prisoner, and found 3s. 1d. worth of halfpence, two tobacco papers, two buns, and a bit of bees' wax; I produce another sixpence, which I received from Tyrrell, at the Plough.

MR. RICHARD FRANKLYN. I am a moneyer of the Mint. The two first sixpence produced are counterfeit, and from the same mould; the other is counterfeit, but not from the same mould.

MR. CALEB EDWARD POWELL . I produce a copy of the record of the conviction of John Ireland , as a common utterer of counterfeit money, at the Surrey Session, 1828; I examined it with the original record, with the clerk of the peace, in his office - (read as indictment.)

BENJAMIN ELMES . I am turnkey of the County gaol of Surrey. I know the prisoner; he was convicted in October, 1828, by the name of John Ireland, and sentenced to twelve months' imprisonment in the County gaol.

Prisoner's Defence (written). I stand before your Lordship's bar charged with an offence, of which I am entirely innocent. I understand one of the witnesses for the prosecution has sworn that I went into her house on the day mentioned in the indictment and had a glass of peppermint in payment, for which she says I gave her a counterfeit sixpence, which she put into her till among a quantity of other money: among which were nineteen other sixpences, and that it was after it had been in the till she found that it was a bad one. I most positively declare my innocence of this charge, and the witnesses must be mistaken in the person. - Another witness swears that I went into his shop for half an ounce of tobacco, for which he says I gave him sixpence and received the change, which sixpence he afterwards found to be bad; and he immediately burned it - he also says that I was brought back to his shop by some person who asked him if I had not given him a bad sixpence; he said Yes, and I

immediately gave him back the change. In answer to this I do most positively declare that I did not know that I had a bad sixpence in my possession, or I should not have given it. - A publican has sworn that I passed a counterfeit sixpence at his house on the same day; this witness, as well as the first, must be mistaken in my person: for I do most solemnly declare my innocence of these two charges, never having been in either of the witnesses' houses. I have been in his Majesty's service for upwards of twenty-three years, and in the event of the Jury finding me guilty, I throw myself upon the Mercy of the Court: who, I hope, will take into consideration the length of time I have been in his Majesty's service, and that I have a wife and three helpless children.[Monday, July 12.] GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 40.


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