<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<persName id="t18231203-57-defend611" type="defendantName"> ROBERT SHIELDS
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<interp inst="t18231203-57-defend611" type="age" value="34"/> </persName> was again indicted for
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<interp inst="t18231203-57-off304" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t18231203-57-cd305" type="crimeDate">21st of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18231203-57-off304 t18231203-57-cd305"/>, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18231203-57-victim613" type="victimName"> George Vipond
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18231203-57-off304 t18231203-57-victim613"/> </persName> , his master, one hundred and seventy-three yards of linen, value 16 l.; twenty-nine shawls, value 29 l.; seven cloths, value 4 l. 10 s.; ten yards of cloth, value 8 l. 10 s.; a scarf, value 50 s. eighty-eight-yards of silk, value 20 l.; and sixty-nine yards of cotton, value 3 l. 15 s. his property </rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. VIPOND. The prisoner was my
<rs id="t18231203-57-deflabel306" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18231203-57-defend611 t18231203-57-deflabel306"/>, and had the principal management of my business, at a salary of 2 l. 10 s. a week. I never authorized him to pawn any goods for me, nor ever knew that he did. I have his cash-book made up to the 4th of November - there is no entry of any sum of money received for the goods stated in the indictment - he made the cash-book up on the 5th of November, at my request. I said "Is everything included?" He said "Yes; everything." I counted what money I had in my pocket, and said, "You cannot be correct, as I am 4 l. short." He then wrote the memorandum of it. I was once told, on my return from the country, that 12 l. 13 s. had been borrowed from a friend to pay a bill - he never intimated that it was a pledge. I made no reply - he was to pay it out of my property. On the 5th of November his desk was opened - Read took what duplicates were in the small box, and Lee those in the desk - they led me to different pawnbrokers, who are here - he has not given credit in the book for any of these articles.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person614"> WILLIAM READ
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person614" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person614" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person614" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I found some duplicates in a box in the prisoner's desk - they relate to this property.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person615"> THOMAS NICHOLLS
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person615" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person615" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person615" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Gray's Inn-lane. On the 19th of July two pieces of Irish were pawned with me in the name of Hughes, by the prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross-examined. Q. You knew the prisoner very well - A. Yes; I knew his name, and where he lived, for I had his card, which he gave me at a former transaction. I put H on the ticket, for housekeeper. I did not know that Mr. Vipond occupied the house.</p>
<p>MR. VIPOND. This is my linen - I was not in want of money in July - I have frequently lent the prisoner's brother-in-law money, and the prisoner knew that - I lent him 40 l. about that time. Since I have been in Hatton-garden I have never been in want of money - I have had 100 l. in my pocket for months together.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by MR. ANDREWS. Q. Did you ever fail in trade - A. Yes, in 1820. I had prosecuted one Oldfield about that time, for keeping a gaming-house.</p>
<p>Q. At which you had been a player - A. Never in my life - I do not know whether he was ever brought up for judgment - I left it with my solicitor. A servant of mine had squandered my money there, and so I prosecuted him.</p>
<p>Q. Do not you know that Oldfield was never brought up for judgment, and that the Attorney-General has himself interfered to bring him up - A. I do not know it - I never attempted to have him brought up - I was never informed of any goods being pawned.</p>
<p>Q. Here is an entry of 34 l. on the 21st of July, what means had he of receiving that sum - A. It appears by
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="182312030031"/>the book to be received by the collectors out of doors from 260 people. I have no petty cash books; his wife keeps a house-keeping book; there are no credit entries in it. I heard Marshall examined in the last case. I never applied to him for goods till after the prisoner was apprehended. The prisoner bought the blankets for me, and the invoice was made in my name; if he became responsible, it is without my knowledge; I paid for them. My private mark is on this linen. I never sell whole pieces of this quality; my stock was taken some time in July.</p>
<p>NICHOLLS re-examined. I have some cloth pawned for 1 l., and a remnant of cloth and kerseymere for 3 l. I gave the persons the duplicates produced.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person616"> WILLIAM ROGERS
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person616" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person616" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person616" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Mr. Chaffers, pawn-broker, Walling-street. I have two piece of silk pawned on the 2d of October by a man who I saw outside the court, for 5 l.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person617"> WILLIAM MAXWELL
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person617" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person617" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person617" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Reeves, pawn-broker, Snow-hill. I have some pieces of cambric pawned on the 8th of May for 10 l. I do not know who by. I have also a scarf pawned on the 16th of August for 25 s.; twenty shawls on the 14th of May for 9 l., in the name of Thompson; and some cloth for 3 l., in the name of Jones on the 7th of June; the duplicates are among those produced.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by MR. ADOLPHUS. Q. Should you know the man who pawned them - A. I should know the man who pawned the shawls. Tally shops often take duplicates for money.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person618"> WALTER MUNCASTER
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person618" type="surname" value="MUNCASTER"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person618" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person618" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawn-broker. I live in Skinner-street. I have nine shawls, pawned on the 15th of March, for two guineas and a half in the name of Jennings. I do not know who by. On the 27th of June three more were pawned in the name of Shields.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person619"> JOSEPH SARSON
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person619" type="surname" value="SARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person619" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person619" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Stafford in St. John street. On the 4th of October 1822, forty-eight yards of linen were pawned in the name of Turner for 2 l. 15 s. On the 2d of November, three handkerchiefs and four pairs of stockings for 30 s.; the corresponding tickets are here.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person620"> EDWARD CALVER
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person620" type="surname" value="CALVER"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person620" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person620" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Fleming of Newgate-street. I have two pieces of cotten pawned for 30 s. on the 3d of October, by a much younger man than the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person621"> ROBERT BEECHAM
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person621" type="surname" value="BEECHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person621" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person621" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawn-broker and live in Holborn-row. On the 9th of November 1822, two scarfs were pawned in the name of Jones for 2 l. On the 14th of June 1823, a piece of linen for 30 s., and two pieces on the same day for 2 l., in the name of Jackson, and on the 27th of September, eighteen yards of silk for 25 s., and fourteen yards for 20 s.; and on the 13th of August, thirteen yards of cotten for 16 s.; the corresponding duplicates are here.</p>
<p>MR. VIPOND. These articles are mine, and have my private mark on them; the stock was taken by the prisoner, and the account left in his hands to be cast up; he has never returned it to me; if they had been sold, they should be entered in a book. I find two pieces of silk corresponding in length with hese, which are entered in a fictitious name.</p>
<p>Q. Could all these goods go out of your stock without your knowledge - A. Yes, because they were taken at different times. I missed the twenty shawls, and asked him for them; he said they were gone upon approbation to Mr. Evans, his brother-in-law, they are entered on approbation to Evans.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I had a situation of two hundred guineas a year, and left it to go with him. We had fifty interviews; he always said I was to have half the business: he did not wish my name to appear, as I had take the benefit of the Insolvent Act; he said he had plenty of money to live on, and would go down and live with his family. On the 4th of November he laid a trap for me; he said he wished me to balance the cash; he always had the balance in his own hands. I had none, he is indebted to me above 100 l. for money paid on the partnership account; he has kept the book from me for the purpose of getting me out of this comfortable business.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person622"> JOHN COULSON
<interp inst="t18231203-57-person622" type="surname" value="COULSON"/>
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<interp inst="t18231203-57-person622" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am in Mr. Vipond's service. I have pawned things for the prisoner three or four times. they were taken publicly out of the shop. I never heard Mr. Vipond complain of missing any stock, he was generally in the shop. I never heard of Shields having wages. Mr. Vipond called him "Mr. Shields."</p>
<p>MR. BRODRICK. Q. What had you to do in the shop - A. Very little; I was an outdoor collector. I pawned some silk for 5 l., and gave the prisoner the money.</p>
<persName id="t18231203-57-person623"> GEORGE PALMER
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<interp inst="t18231203-57-person623" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am collector to Mr. Vipond. Once, when Mr. Vipond was in the country, a bill came in. Shields said it must be taken up, and requested me to get some money on some Irish. I pawned them, and met him in the Strand with the cash. Some other goods were pawned and taken out to show a lady at the Goose and Gridiron, and then replaced in the stock; it was never made a secret of. I was never told not to tell Mr. Vipond.</p>
<p>MR. BRODRICK. Q. Have you never told Shields that he was liable to be turned away at an hour's notice if he acted improperly - A. Yes; Mr. Vipond threatened to discharge him once. but they were reconciled.</p>
<p>MR. ADOLPHUS. Q. How long ago was that - A. Eight or nine months; he had been drinking, and Mr. Vipond said, if that was not altered, he should dismiss him.</p>
<p>The witness Marshall repeated his evidence as in the former case.</p>
<rs id="t18231203-57-verdict307" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18231203-57-verdict307" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY. Aged 34. Of stealing to the value of 39 s. only </rs>.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18231203-57-defend611 t18231203-57-punish308"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p> </div1></div0>

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