<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>113.
<persName id="t17920215-7-defend139" type="defendantName"> JOHN LEWIS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-defend139" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920215-7-defend141" type="defendantName"> ROBERT PEARCE, alias
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<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920215-7-defend141 t17920215-7-alias-1"/>ARNOLD</rs>
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-defend141" type="age" value="40"/> </persName> , were indicted for
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17920215-7-victim143" type="victimName"> George Baker
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-victim143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920215-7-victim145" type="victimName"> Richard Baker
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-victim145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17920215-7-cd37" type="crimeDate">20th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920215-7-off36 t17920215-7-cd37"/> last, and feloniously stealing therein three pieces of thread lace, value 20 l. the goods and chattels of the said George and Richard, and in their dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>(Mr. Garrow opened the case.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person146"> FRANCIS DETERNEAU
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person146" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prosecutor lives in
<placeName id="t17920215-7-crimeloc38">St. Paul's Churchyard</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920215-7-off36 t17920215-7-crimeloc38"/>: on the 19th of January, about eight o'clock at night, I fastened all the shutters; I was alarmed about four or five in the morning, and when I came down the house was broke open.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person147"> WILLIAM TULLY
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman: I saw two men near Messrs. Bakers; I was on the South side of St. Paul's Church-yard; I went round my beat; I saw nobody; I put my light under the table of a Mrs.
<persName id="t17920215-7-person148"> Hannah Sheppard
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person148" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I went round my beat again, and saw nobody; I turned to my left; I pushed smartly up to the Tobit's-dog, in the corner, where they water the horses; I saw two men standing there; I asked them what they wanted; I did not know the men; these are not the men; they knocked at the door, and asked for some beer; I told them they could not get any; they went away; I went and got my lantern; I got up to Mr. Baker's shutters, and found them loose, next to Mr. Wells's door; I drawed myself off, and sprung my rattle twice round, and I heard the windows rouse open; I saw the prisoner Lewis come out; I dropped my lantern, and pursued him; Stannell struck at him; we then pursued him to Pater-noster-row, and Francis Coles stopped him; he ran
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179202150010"/>about a hundred yards; he had no hat on; we conveyed him to the watch-house; Stannell offered him a hat, he asked the prisoner if it was his hat; he said, yes, it will fit my head.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person149"> HENRY STANNELL
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person149" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman, in St. Paul's Churchyard: I heard a rattle; I saw Lewis coming out of Messrs. Bakers' window; before I could get across the way, he was running towards me; I made a blow at him, and tried to hit him across the shoulder; I found his hat under Messrs. Bakers' window; I went into the watch-house; I said, friend, is this your hat? he said he believed it would fit his head.</p>
<p>Jury. Did he say it was his own? - No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person150"> FRANCIS COLES
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person150" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a porter at the water-side; I had carried a load to Newgate-market, and was returning to bring another; I stopped Lewis.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lewis. That evidence before the Lord-Mayor could not then swear to me. - I did.</p>
<p>- HARRINGTON sworn.</p>
<p>I am a patrol: I found twelve pieces of lace on Lewis; and an iron crow was found very near him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person151"> JOSEPH GREEN
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person151" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman; I was in the watch-house; I took a piece of lace out of Lewis's pocket.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person152"> JAMES M'GUIRE
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person152" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was constable of the night on the night this robbery was committed; I produce what was taken from Lewis; there was nothing found on Pearce.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person153"> GEORGE BAKER
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am in partnership with my brother; I was alarmed between five and six in the morning; I jumped up, and ran into my brother's room, and said to him, I fear the house is broke open; I went down into the warehouse, and found a bag packed up; the contents was lace, and worth, perhaps, 100 l. there was also in the warehouse a dark lanthorn, and a crow; my windows have folding shutters; the hinges were broke, or wrenched off, and they got into the warehouse by those means. (The lace produced.) The prisoners were both in custody. The lace is our property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person154"> RICHARD BAKER
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>These goods are the property of me and my brother.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person155"> JAMES MORRIS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person155" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a coachman; I came to the stand in St. Paul's Church-yard about a quarter before five in the morning; there was another coach waiting, opposite Dean's-court; I turned into the rank, first coach; I saw three or four people by the coach, near the horses heads; one had a sailor's jacket; there was a signal given, that Gaby would not stand (if they call me Gaby, it is a nickname); I jumped off the box; I gave the watchman alarm to mind my coach; I was going to breakfast; two or three minutes after, coach was called; the saloop-woman told me I was called; I drew my horses down to the curb-stone; Mr. Pearce was ready to get into my coach; then he said, coachman, you must drive me to Holborn-bars; then I was putting on my box-coat, and he said, coachman, don't go any further than Hatton-garden end; when we came near Shoe-lane, he stopped me; and when he got out, he said, coachman, I am going for a midwife; he gave me two shillings; I had a strong suspicion of him; I returned to St. Paul's, and saw the coach described before, standing as first coach; but it drove off immediately, and I turned in first coach again, and somebody said, Gaby was come back again; and then somebody said, we shall all be done; then Bob Pearce came from Mr. Baker's window; I desired Tully to lay hold of Pearce, and I gave charge of Pearce; I went and got some coffee; when I went to the watch-house, Pearce owned me; he said, here is my coachman; then, says I, I will charge you, because
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179202150011"/>you said you were going for a midwife; I had catched him: I have been fired at twice in going round St. Paul's Churchyard, and I would give a hundred guineas to be out of this mess; my life is in danger day and night.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person156"> HANNAH SHEPPARD
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person156" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person156" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a saloop-woman; I sit at Mr. Carr's, the corner of St. Paul's Church-yard; I have known the prisoner Pearce three years; I saw a gentleman like Mr. Pearce stand, with his back towards me, on the pavement; the watchman put his lantern under the table; that was before I saw Pearce; I stood about two yards from him; he did not speak to any body, but went across the way, round the corner; there were two coaches in the yard; one was at a distance, the other was first coach, and was Morris's; then somebody called, coach! and I called Mr. Morris; the person who got in I did not see; I believe the man got in on the coach-stand: Mr. Baker's house is about twelve yards from my stand: I saw the man run; I saw another man cross the way to Newbery's; while the gentleman was standing by me, he made a cough, or hem! and the other went to him; then one came back; I believe the person who went hem! was the prisoner Lewis, that came out of Mr. Baker's window, but I cannot swear to him; I believe that Pearce was the man who stood by me, I think so by his clothes.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. Did you never say that Pearce was the man who stood by you? - I never could say so positively, only by his clothes: I did not see any two people walking together: in the watch-house he asked me if I saw him walking; I said, yes, Mr. Pearce, I saw you just now cross the way, and stand before the stall; I had no doubt but he was the man who stood before my stall.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. It was a very dark morning, and the lamps almost out? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>Did he come up Ludgate-hill? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person157"> LUCAS DAVIS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person157" type="given" value="LUCAS"/>
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<p>I am an optician's glass-grinder: on the morning of this robbery my wife was in labour; I was in St. Paul's Church-yard, an' please your Highness, I was near Mr. Baker's shop; I saw Pearce, he had a hat on with what they call the knucklers cock; I saw them go over to the church-rails; I went down Ludgate-hill, and came back again; then I saw Pearce and another man standing by Newbery's; one of them spoke, I don't know which; I went between them, and walked on as far as Mr. Thompson's, in London-house yard; I went to the Goose and Gridiron, and came back again; I walked about the place some time, and on turning round I saw the prisoner Pearce, and a man in a blue jacket, standing; then I saw Freeman, the patrol, and I told the watchman I had some suspicions; about ten minutes after, I went down Ludgate-hill, and at the corner of Ave-Maria-lane I saw Pearce coming down, and he went over to Creed-lane, and there was a man in a blue jacket; I told the watchman there was one of the men who had been lurking about for some time; then they laid hold of Pearce, and as soon as they laid hold of him I heard a rattle; I ran towards the Tobit's-dog, and saw Lewis run over the way; I am positive as to Pearce; I had never seen him before; the lamps gave a very good light, the night itself was dark; I did not speak to Pearce, or Pearce to me; the first time I saw him might be five-and-thirty minutes after four in the morning.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person158"> THOMAS PURVIS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920215-7-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was working from Paul's-wharf to Newgate-market; I am a porter.</p>
<p>(This witness was desired to look at the bar, and Owen and another were ordered to stand up; but the witness declined swearing to either of the prisoners.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person159"> COLIN MENZIE
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman: upon the 20th of January I saw Pearce and Lewis about a quarter past five; I saw Pearce opposite to Mr. Wilson's, near the railing; I took notice of Pearce; Freeman and Weir came up together to me in London-house-yard; up came Pearce again; I knew him again; we went
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179202150012"/>round again towards Newbery's, and to the foot of Ave-Maria-lane; Fitzgerald laid hold on Pearce at the corner; I saw Lewis secured; I am certain of the man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person160"> RICHARD FITZGERALD
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<p>I was with Menzie; we took Pearce; I went with Davis down towards Ave-Maria-lane; I saw Pearce cross the street; I secured him, and took him to the watch-house; an alarm was given, and the other prisoner was taken.</p>
<p>DANIEL BEER sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman: I was with Freeman; I saw Pearce, and another man close by, in a blue jacket; they were in the Tobit's-dog corner; I am sure he is the man; I saw him a quarter of an hour before Lewis was taken.</p>
<p>- FREEMAN sworn.</p>
<p>I do not know either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person161"> HENRY WELLS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>My house was shut up at the time the alarm was given of Messrs. Baker's robbery.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lewis. I do not know any thing of it.</p>
<p>PRISONER PEARCE's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>My Lord, I had been drinking in Newgate-market, and about two o'clock I came with a woman to St. Paul's; she said she would go with me if I would call a coach; I called a coach, and went to Holborn, and from thence to Gough-square; the woman did not go with me, so I thought it was as well to go to somebody that I knew; when I got to Gough-square, I could not get in; therefore I walked back to Creed-lane, No. 2, a place well known: before the aldermen none of the watchmen could swear to me, or even say they knew me.</p>
<p>(The Jury withdrew about ten minutes.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920215-7-person162"> JOHN LEWIS
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (Aged 28),
<persName id="t17920215-7-person163"> ROBERT PEARCE
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<interp inst="t17920215-7-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , alias ARNOLD (Aged 40),</p>
<p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920215-7-defend141 t17920215-7-punish40"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1></div0>
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