<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<persName id="t17800628-23-defend336" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL SOLOMONS
<interp inst="t17800628-23-defend336" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-defend336" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-defend336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indict for
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<interp inst="t17800628-23-off127" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-off127" type="offenceSubcategory" value="riot"/> that he, with forty others and more, did, unlawfully, riotously, and tumultuously, assemble, to the disturbance of the publick peace, and did begin to demolish and pull down the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17800628-23-victim338" type="victimName"> Christopher
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178006280063"/> Conner
<interp inst="t17800628-23-victim338" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-victim338" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800628-23-off127 t17800628-23-victim338"/> </persName> , against the form of the statute </rs>,
<rs id="t17800628-23-cd128" type="crimeDate">June 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800628-23-off127 t17800628-23-cd128"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800628-23-person339"> CHRISTOPHER CONNER
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<interp inst="t17800628-23-person339" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>What are you? - I was a
<rs id="t17800628-23-viclabel129" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800628-23-victim338 t17800628-23-viclabel129"/> once; I kept the sign of
<placeName id="t17800628-23-crimeloc130">the Red-Lion, in the Parish of St. Mary's, Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-crimeloc130" type="placeName" value="the Red-Lion, in the Parish of St. Mary's, Whitechapel"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800628-23-off127 t17800628-23-crimeloc130"/>.</p>
<p>Was you at your house on the 8th of June in the evening? - Yes.</p>
<p>Describe what happened? - On the 7th of June the first mob came to my house, they went away peaceable; I contented them with letting them have what they chose to drink; the mob returned again on the 8th; the prisoner was the third or fourth man that entered my house; he began pulling down the boxes as fast as he could. I ran after him up stairs; he and two or three more forced my chamber door open. I begged them for God's sake not to tear my place to pieces; they were breaking my drawers open then; that was up the one pair of stairs. I begged they would not spoil my property. The prisoner held me by the colar, and his comrade held a pistol to my head; the prisoner told me if I did not go down stairs he would send me down twice faster than I came up, and then I received a blow on my arm which fractured the bone. I went down stairs; I saw the prisoner no more till I saw him in the mob, which might be a quarter of an hour afterwards; I was struck by one of the mob.</p>
<p>What with? - I took it to be a small bar.</p>
<p>Had the prisoner any thing in his hand? - A bludgeon; and he had a lighted candle in his hand.</p>
<p>What was done to your house? - It was entirely demolished; the door, the wainscotting, the floorings, and the window frames, are all demolished.</p>
<p>What o'clock was it? - About ten or a quarter after; I believe the watch had gone ten.</p>
<p>Did you know him before? - I have seen him pass and repass through Whitechapel and Petticoat-lane two or three times.</p>
<p>You are not acquainted with him? - I never was acquainted with him in my life.</p>
<p>Did you make the discovery? - He was taken by some of the people at the Rotation-office in Whitechapel. I told the magistrates there was such a man; as soon as I saw him I owned him. I said he was the man; and after he was fully committed he acknowledged it himself.</p>
<p>When did you tell the magistrates? - The Sunday after the thing was done.</p>
<p>Was you present when he confessed the fact? - I was, and so was Mr. Dawson.</p>
<p>Where was the confession made? - He confessed it in the room, after he had been examined by the magistrates.</p>
<p>Was that confession reduced into writing? - I cannot say whether it was or not.</p>
<p>Did he confess of his own accord, or did any body tell him it would be better for him? - I heard neither promises nor threats.</p>
<p>What day was it that he confessed? - The Tuesday or Wednesday following the riot, I cannot positively say which.</p>
<p>How came he there? - He came with an intention of turning evidence against other people, I believe; I did not know of his being taken till I came there and saw him at the bar.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Which of the publick offices is it that you attend at? - I attend at none.</p>
<p>Would you have me understand that it is not the principal part of your business to attend at a publick office at the east end of the town? - I never did belong to a public office. I am an officer of his Majesty's palace court.</p>
<p>And did never attend an office upon cases of this kind? - No; I never did in my life; I detest a thing of this kind.</p>
<p>When did the proclamation come out offering a reward? - After the man was taken.</p>
<p>Recollect yourself? - I did not come here for the sake of the reward.</p>
<p>When did your house receive a damage? - The 7th.</p>
<p>Are you sure that on the Sunday after these things happened you spoke of this? - Yes. I told Justice Staples of it.</p>
<p>That was after the proclamation offering a reward? - That I cannot tell; I did not see it till the middle of the next week.</p>
<p>You did not see it, you might hear it? - I had trouble enough about something else.</p>
<p>You said this man came voluntarily, and that they took him? - I said he came voluntarily, and they took him into custody.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178006280064"/>You came then not to enquire after him? - He secreted himself; it is not to be supposed a villain would not sneek out of the way.</p>
<p>This was at ten at night? - As near as I can charge my memory.</p>
<p>Were there any other lights than that candle in your house? - Some lights were sticking in my windows.</p>
<p>Was not you very much frightened? - Yes. I suppose if you had been in my circumstances you would have been frightened too.</p>
<p>I suppose so. But when people are so frightened they are not so likely to recollect? - When a man holds one by the collar with a candle in his hand, I think one may easily recollect him.</p>
<p>But can you be positive the prisoner is the person? - I am consident the prisoner is the person.</p>
<p>What clothes did the person wear that night? - I thought they were brown. He afterwards confessed they were not. But I am not positive to his clothes, I am positive to his person.</p>
<p>You swore before the magistrate that he had brown clothes on? - That I thought he had brown clothes on to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<p>The prisoner came voluntarily there? - He absconded some time; when he came the justice would not admit him on evidence he being one of the principals.</p>
<persName id="t17800628-23-person340"> JOHN CLAWSON
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<interp inst="t17800628-23-person340" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a beadle of Whitechapel parish.</p>
<p>Do you remember the night of the 7th of June, when Conner's house was destroyed. - I saw the prisoner about a quarter after ten o'clock, coming from Conner's house with a blue flag, at the head of the mob, it was just as the watch was set.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Are you sure you are not mistaken in the man? - I am positively sure I am not mistaken.</p>
<p>What clothes had he on? - I did not observe his clothes at all.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown. Did you apprehend him? - No.</p>
<p>You have known him some time? - Yes.</p>
<p>What is his character? - I do not think it proper in the situation I stand to be asked about his character.</p>
<p>In any situation if you can give a man a good character you ought. What is the character of the prisoner? - It is urging a character out of my mouth which I would not wish to give of a man.</p>
<p>On the 27th of May I pawned my clothes, and on the 30th of June, I fetched them outright. They were after me in Petticoat-lane. One
<persName id="t17800628-23-person341"> Joe Barber
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person341" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person341" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , belonging to Whitechapel court, enquiring after me, I went up to Whitechapel court to see what they wanted of me, and they detained me on this
<persName id="t17800628-23-person342"> Joe Barber
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person342" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person342" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's information.</p>
<persName id="t17800628-23-person343"> HENRY LAZARUS
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person343" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person343" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner eleven or twelve years. He is a pencil-maker. He works for me; during the time he has worked with me, I never knew any thing but good of him.</p>
<p>How long has he worked for you? - A principal part of the time since his father's death. Before that he worked for his father and family. He has worked for me about three years.</p>
<p>Who provides for his mother and her children now? - The prisoner, ever since his father's death.</p>
<p>Court. How long has he left working for you? - He works for me now if he was at home; he worked for me till the time he was taken.</p>
<p>- BARNARD sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner nine years. He is a pencil-maker. He bears a very honest character.</p>
<persName id="t17800628-23-person344"> MOSES LEVI
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person344" type="surname" value="LEVI"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person344" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<interp inst="t17800628-23-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner about nine years. I live in the neighbourhood. Since his father has been dead he has maintained his mother and sisters and brothers He always bore a fair character as far as I know.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He saw me two or three days before he gave information at the Rotation-office.</p>
<rs id="t17800628-23-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800628-23-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800628-23-defend336 t17800628-23-punish132"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice NARES.</p> </div1></div0>

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