<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 id="17751206" type="sessionsPaper" fragment="yes">
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<p>58, 59, 60.
<persName id="t17751206-46-defend831" type="defendantName"> SAUNDERS ALEXANDER
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend831" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend831" type="given" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend831" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17751206-46-defend833" type="defendantName"> LYON ABRAHAMS, otherwise
<rs id="t17751206-46-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-defend833 t17751206-46-alias-3"/>LYPE</rs>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend833" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend833" type="given" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend833" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were a second time indicted, together with
<persName id="t17751206-46-defend835" type="defendantName"> SARAH LAZARUS
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend835" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend835" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-defend835" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17751206-46-off201" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-off201" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-off201" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17751206-46-person836"> Richard Sandford
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person836" type="surname" value="Sandford"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person836" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person836" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , upon the
<rs id="t17751206-46-cd202" type="crimeDate">12th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-off201 t17751206-46-cd202"/>, about the hour of six in the evening, with intention the goods and chattels of the said Richard feloniously to steal </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-victim838" type="victimName"> RICHARD SANDFORD
<interp inst="t17751206-46-victim838" type="surname" value="SANDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-victim838" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-victim838" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-off201 t17751206-46-victim838"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17751206-46-viclabel203" type="occupation">baker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-victim838 t17751206-46-viclabel203"/> and live in
<placeName id="t17751206-46-crimeloc204">Great Winchester-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-crimeloc204" type="placeName" value="Great Winchester-street"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-crimeloc204" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-off201 t17751206-46-crimeloc204"/>. I went out upon the 12th of last month, at a quarter before five, and came home again before seven: I left two servants and three men in the house; my sister and I went out together; I double-locked the door: we observed two men standing on the opposite side of the way, they went up the street: when they saw me lock the door they turned back and followed us, one turned down the wall and the other followed us through the postern: I don't know the person of either of those men: when I returned at near seven o'clock, I found my house had been broke open; it had been attempted twice before.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person839"> JOSEPH BUCKOW
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person839" type="surname" value="BUCKOW"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person839" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person839" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Sandford: I was left in the house by Mr. Sandford on the 12th of last month: soon after Mr. Sandford and his sister went out, between five and six o'clock, there were two or three knocks at the door, ten minutes or a quarter of an hour distant: about ten minutes after the knocking, I heard a key put into the door that seemed not to do, it was taken out and another key put into the door, and the door was opened: I was in the bakehouse at the same time with a candle concealed: the bakehouse is about six yards from the door; when I heard the door open I came forwards with the candle to the cellar door; as I came up three young men in the house-fired at the man that opened the door: Armstrong was shot; I did not see him till he was shot: I know nothing of the prisoners.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person840"> PETER BODDIN
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person840" type="surname" value="BODDIN"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person840" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person840" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in the house: after the three knocks, the door was opened, and three men rushed in; they were fired upon, and one of them killed, the others made their escape; I cannot speak as to the persons of the men.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person841"> WILLIAM EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person841" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person841" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person841" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Winchester-street, opposite Mr. Sandford; I heard a knock at the door; I came to the fore window and saw a man stoop down and two persons turned their backs upon him, and spread their great coats to cover him: I could not see the men so as to know them; I was up two pair of stairs; if I had been near I should have been able to distinguish their faces.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person842"> THOMAS PARKIN
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person842" type="surname" value="PARKIN"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person842" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person842" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an opposite neighbour to Mr. Sandford: having had intelligence that Mr. Sandford's house had been attempted to be broke open, and hearing a knocking at the door, I went into my shop and looked through the crevies of the shutters: I saw three men, one stooped down to look in at the key-hole, and two others stood before him, with their backs to him to conceal him: they went away; I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177512060083"/> went up into the one pair of stairs room, and saw them come again: I was going down to inform them of it, and then I heard the firing.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person843"> THOMAS COX
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person843" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person843" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person843" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Winchester-street: as I was coming home on the 12th of November, about five o'clock, I saw two men in the street near Mr. Sandford's house; one was dressed in brown, and the other, on the opposite side of the way, in light cloaths; I saw one of them walk away hanging down his head: just after that, while I was at my door, I heard the firing: I cannot identify the persons, they were about the size of the prisoners; I believe
<persName id="t17751206-46-person844"> Saunders Alexander
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person844" type="surname" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person844" type="given" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person844" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to be one of them from his size and gait; when I saw him at Sir
<persName id="t17751206-46-person845"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person845" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person845" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person845" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, I said I believed he was one of the rogues I saw in our street that night.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person846"> GEORGE KING
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person846" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person846" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person846" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to Armstrong at Lype Abrahams', on Sunday the 12th of November, between ten and eleven o'clock in the morning, with a pair of shoes I had made for him: there was then in the house
<persName id="t17751206-46-person847"> Sarah Lazarus
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person847" type="surname" value="Lazarus"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person847" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person847" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17751206-46-person848"> Hannah Saunders
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person848" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person848" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person848" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and Armstrong; Armstrong paid me for the shoes, and I went home: about a quarter after five I went again to Lype Abrahams' house, and there were two young men that were come to see him,
<persName id="t17751206-46-person849"> Robert Thompson
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person849" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person849" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person849" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17751206-46-person850"> John Waterson
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person850" type="surname" value="Waterson"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person850" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person850" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Armstrong and I went to see for him: as we were coming up London-wall I asked what part of the play they were going to act, Armstrong said they were going to do a house in Winchester-street: we met
<persName id="t17751206-46-person851"> Sarah Lazarus
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person851" type="surname" value="Lazarus"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person851" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person851" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and asked her where she had been; she said she had been at the baker's and knocked, and there was nobody there: I asked her where Lype Abrahams and Alexander were, she said they were in Winchester-street; I went to Winchester-street, and saw Abrahams with a brown coat on, standing at the baker's door, and Alexander in a light coat on the other side of the way; I did not speak to them, but went home, and then went to Abrahams' house: while I was there Armstrong came in, he took a pair of pistols out of a chest, he unscrewed one and took the ball out, and said that would do; he then opened a box and took a parcel of picklock keys out and some chissels; his hand shaked very much at the time;
<persName id="t17751206-46-person852"> Sarah Lazarus
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person852" type="surname" value="Lazarus"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person852" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person852" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was there, and said she was going with me, I said I would not go; she said you bougre I am going to carry something.</p>
<p>When you saw Abrahams and Alexander in the street, did you know what they were about? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did they know you was in the scheme? -</p>
<p>No; I only was told it by Armstrong.</p>
<p>On his Cross Examination he said he saw Abrahams and Armstrong open the door, and then he went home; that Alexander was then on the other side of the way; that it was then about half after five o'clock.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person853"> HANNAH KING
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person853" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person853" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person853" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>When I heard that a man was shot, I went down to Lyon Abrahams' house;
<persName id="t17751206-46-person854"> Sarah Lazarus
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person854" type="surname" value="Lazarus"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person854" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person854" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17751206-46-person855"> Hannah Saunders
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person855" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person855" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person855" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were there; I said there was a man shot in Winchester-street; they made answer it was at the bloody baker's shop they had talked about: about half an hour after
<persName id="t17751206-46-person856"> Sarah Lazarus
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person856" type="surname" value="Lazarus"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person856" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person856" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17751206-46-person857"> Hannah Saunders
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person857" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person857" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person857" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to my house and offered me some picklock keys: I said what was I to do with them, neither my husband nor I could use them.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person858"> Hugh Pollet
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person858" type="surname" value="Pollet"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person858" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person858" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced a brace of pistols and five picklocks, which he deposed were found in Armstrong's pocket.]</p>
<p>I have witness to prove where I was.</p>
<p>I have witness to prove I was at another place.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person859"> MICHAEL JOSEPHS
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person859" type="surname" value="JOSEPHS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person859" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person859" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in New-court: I carry out meat in a morning for a Jew butcher in Shoemakerrow, and make and sell black puddings of a night: I know Alexander by serving him with black puddings; I saw him the night Mr. Sandford's house was broke open at Mr. Vaughan's coffee-house in Duke's-place: to the best of my knowledge it was then sometime after five o'clock, it might be a quarter or more, it was not half an hour; I staid about a quarter of an hour till I had sold my puddings; it might be near six when I went away:
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177512060084"/> Alexander was there when I went in, and I left him there when I went away; to the best of my knowledge he sat with his father in one of the boxes; the room is not very large.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person860"> HANNAH LEVY
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person860" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person860" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person860" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I go to Vaughan's coffee-house every night, except Friday night, to sell olives and pickles. I went there on the 12th of November, between five and six o'clock in the evening; I knew Alexander from a child, he was sitting there with his father: I staid there till nine o'clock; I always stay till nine; when I set my dish down on the table, I went and spoke to Saunders, he sat with his father an hour or an hour and a half; I don't think it was quite half after five when I saw him there. I am sure he was there an hour and half.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person861"> LYON ALEXANDER
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person861" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person861" type="given" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person861" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner is my son, he was with me at Vaughan's coffee-house upon Sunday the 12th of November; he drank tea with me, and then we went and had some beer at a house in Duke's-place: just after five we went to Vaughan's coffee-house, and staid there till nine o'clock; my son was never out of company but once just to make water.</p>
<p>Was Mr. Vaughan at home? - He was at church: I believe he came home before eight o'clock; his wife, daughter, and servant were in the house: I asked Mr. Vaughan if he would come and speak for my son? he said he would never shew his face in any court.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person862"> AARON AARONS
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person862" type="surname" value="AARONS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person862" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person862" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know all the prisoners by sight; I have known Alexander from a child, he
<rs id="t17751206-46-deflabel205" type="occupation">kept a stall with haberdashery wares</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-defend831 t17751206-46-deflabel205"/> in Spitalfields market, he bore the character of an honest man; I never heard any thing against him.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person863"> SAUNDERS AARON
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person863" type="surname" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person863" type="given" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person863" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a tobacconist in Pettycoat-lane: I have known Alexander from a child; I never heard any thing against his character.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person864"> JOHN CHAPMAN
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person864" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person864" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person864" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a leather breeches-maker in Shoemaker-row: I have known Alexander twenty years; he used to sell goods in the country by licence; he bears a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17751206-46-person865"> ELIZABETH MOTE
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person865" type="surname" value="MOTE"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person865" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17751206-46-person865" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Sweet-apple-court: I get my living by needlework: I have been employed by Alexander to mend and make, and wash and iron for him; he bears the character of a very honest industrious man.</p>
<p>The Court sent for Vaughan.</p>
<p>- VAUGHAN sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a coffee-house in Duke's-place.</p>
<p>Do you remember Alexander being at your house on the 12th of November at five o'clock, or any time after? - I cannot swear he was there at that time, he might be; I will not swear he was not for the world. I never observed any thing ill of the young man in my house.</p>
<p>You never heard any ill of him? - No; I never heard him swear an oath in my life as I know of.</p>
<rs id="t17751206-46-verdict206" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-verdict206" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17751206-46-punish207" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-punish207" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-defend831 t17751206-46-punish207"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17751206-46-verdict208" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-verdict208" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17751206-46-punish209" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-punish209" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17751206-46-defend833 t17751206-46-punish209"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17751206-46-verdict210" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17751206-46-verdict210" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASTON.</p> </div1></div0>

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