<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338. (L.)
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend765" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HAYWARD
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend765" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend765" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend765" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend767" type="defendantName"> THOMAS PICKERING
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend767" type="surname" value="PICKERING"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend767" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend767" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend769" type="defendantName"> JOHN DAVIS
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend769" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend769" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend769" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend771" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH MEETWOOD
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend771" type="surname" value="MEETWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend771" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend771" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend773" type="defendantName"> CLARK BAILEY
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend773" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend773" type="given" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend773" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend775" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM TURNER
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend775" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend775" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend775" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17740413-90-defend777" type="defendantName"> JAMES WHITEHOUSE
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend777" type="surname" value="WHITEHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend777" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-defend777" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17740413-90-off451" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17740413-90-off451" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-off451" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> coining and counterfeiting a a piece of copper money of this realm called a halfpenny, against the statute </rs>.</p>
<p>2d Count, the likeness and similitude of legal and good copper money of this realm, did make coin and counterfeit against the statute,
<rs id="t17740413-90-cd452" type="crimeDate">Mar. 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-off451 t17740413-90-cd452"/>. *</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person778"> Percival Phillips
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person778" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person778" type="given" value="Percival"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person778" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to the house of Hayward in
<placeName id="t17740413-90-crimeloc453">Old Fish-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-crimeloc453" type="placeName" value="Old Fish-street"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-off451 t17740413-90-crimeloc453"/> on the 30th of March; I knocked at the door, Hayward and Turner let me in; they were both without their coats; Turner had a red cap on; I went with
<persName id="t17740413-90-person779"> Richard Bond
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person779" type="surname" value="Bond"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person779" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person779" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-person780"> John Clark
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person780" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person780" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person780" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-person781"> John Heley
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person781" type="surname" value="Heley"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person781" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person781" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17740413-90-person782"> William Taylor
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person782" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person782" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person782" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17740413-90-person783"> Peter Senhouse
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person783" type="surname" value="Senhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person783" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person783" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Mr. Bond came in and bid me take care of Hayward and Turner, and he himself went into the cellar; Senhouse come in next to my assistance; I saw all the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177404130041"/> other prisoners when they were brought up from the kitchen.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person784"> Richard Bond
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person784" type="surname" value="Bond"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person784" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person784" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to the house; I bid Phillips take care of Hayward and Turner and then I went down into the kitchen, and there round a press I saw Pickering, Davis, Whitehouse, Bailey and Meetwood; I let Meetwood pass by me up stairs; the others run into the area; I bolted them out; when the three that were got up stairs, that is, Hayward, Turner, and Meetwood were secured; I secured the others; I did not see them do any thing in the kitchen; but there were two lighted candles, and the sticks of the candles were almost covered with halfpence; I would not meddle with any thing, but left it to be done by Clark, who understands these things better than myself.</p>
<p>Q. from Meetwood. Whether I did not stand in the passage when you came in?</p>
<p>Bond. No; Taylor brought you up stairs; I did not see Turner till he came up with the other; Pickering was in the kitchen; I could not find them at first; I looked into the cellar, they were not there; then I looked into a little dark place filled with chips, there I found Pickering, with two others; one had got off; Pickering had no coat on; they were all without their coats; Pickering made a strong resistance.</p>
<p>Pickering. I was not without my coat, ask Phillips if I was.</p>
<p>Phillips. I cannot say whether he had his coat on or not.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person785"> John Clark
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person785" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person785" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person785" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had received an information that coiners were at work in Fish-street; on the 30th of March I went to this house; Phillips knocked at the door; when I went in I saw Hayward and Turner; Turner was obstinate and would not be tied; Taylor brought up Meetwood; there was a coat in the parlour; we desired Turner to put it on; he said his was in the kitchen; Senhouse went down and fetched his coat, and he put it on; I went into the kitchen; Bond had secured four in the cellar, as he told me; I will not be sure whether Pickering had a coat on, but he sat down in this little back place; I said d - n you come down or I will shoot you; then Pickering said he would come down; he did come down, and we had great difficulty to tie him, as he made a strong resistance; I found in the room a press and two dies for coining halfpence; and there was a great quantity of warm halfpence, and copper ready for scowering, and several other dies; in another cellar I found a cutting out press and several slips of copper for cutting out (produces a gauge ) this is a thing they use to mark the copper so as to cut it according to the size of a halfpenny; that I found in the garrett; in the one pair of stair's room I found some counterfeit halfpence; (producing them) when there are a great quantity to coin it will take at least seven men; the other presses I found are too big to be brought into court; they are at the door; (he produces the copper cut in slips, and also that which was ready for scowering; and also a great quantity of counterfeit halfpence); in one of the dies there is a stroke just under the Britannia's-head; some of the halfpence have the same stroke on the impression, and therefore I am sure they were struck with that die.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person786"> Peter Senhouse
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person786" type="surname" value="Senhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person786" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person786" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When I came into the house Turner's shirt sleeves were turned up; when I offered Turner the cloaths in the parlour, he said his cloaths were in the cellar; I went down and brought them up, and he put them on; he resisted, and I was forced to knock him down before I could get his hand tied.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person787"> John Heley
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person787" type="surname" value="Heley"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person787" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person787" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was set at the beginning to prevent any body making their escape; these men got into the area; I saw Davis get out of the area; I let him get over the rails, for fear, if he changed his position, the spikes should run into his belly; as soon as he had got over I secured him; nobody could have got down into that area while I was there without my having seen them.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person788"> George Taylor
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person788" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person788" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person788" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Hayward took this house of me; he paid me a quarter and half a quarter of a year's rent but a little while before these people were all taken up; but at the time he paid the rent he did not say any thing that he had let the house to Mr. Palmer.</p>
<p>Hayward. I did not mention that because I was tied down to a year's certain.</p>
<p>Whitehouse's Defence.</p>
<p>I never was in the cellar; I work for Mr. Hill; Mr. Hill sent me to this house in Fish-street; I never had my coat off.</p>
<p>Bond. He was in the kitchen; I think he had his coat off.</p>
<p>For Turner.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person789"> Susannah Dumont
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person789" type="surname" value="Dumont"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person789" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person789" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Palmer; Turner used to bring coals to our house; he brought some that morning.</p>
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<persName id="t17740413-90-person790"> John Davis
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person790" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person790" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person790" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17740413-90-deflabel454" type="occupation">labouring man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend769 t17740413-90-deflabel454"/>; I was going by this house two days before; I saw a step at the door broke down, upon which I knocked at the door and asked them if I might mend it; they said I might; I did mend it the next day; Palmer was not at home, so the next morning I called for the money due to me for mending the step; I had not been there two minutes before Sir
<persName id="t17740413-90-person791"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person791" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person791" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person791" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men came; upon that I run down stairs; I heard a cry of Fielding's men; I did not care to be in their mess; I should not like to meet them any where, much less in a house.</p>
<p>For Davis.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person792"> Susannah Dumont
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person792" type="surname" value="Dumont"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person792" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person792" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Davis came that morning for his money for mending the step; I bid him sit down; I do not know that he went down stairs.</p>
<p>Q. How many people breakfasted there that morning? how many cups and saucers were set for breakfast?</p>
<p>Dumout. Five or six.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you set eight?</p>
<p>Dumout. No; I might set five or six.</p>
<p>Hayward's Defence.</p>
<p>I took the house; I did not like it, so I took another house in Adam's-Court, in Bread-street; seven weeks before this happened I let it to
<persName id="t17740413-90-person793"> John Palmer
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person793" type="surname" value="Palmer"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person793" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person793" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; the maid that lived with me went afterwards to live with
<persName id="t17740413-90-person794"> John Palmer
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person794" type="surname" value="Palmer"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person794" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person794" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for my mother came out of the country to live with me, and I had no occasion for a maid; I discharged my baker, and bid him bring my bread to my house in Adam's-Court; I let the house for a guinea a-week; the morning these people were taken up I called for my rent; going along I had a little slip which had dirted me, so when I came in I desired some water and soap to wash me; I called for a pen and ink to write a receipt; Palmer was not then at home; just at this time Fielding's men came there.</p>
<p>For Hayward.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person795"> Susannah Dumont
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person795" type="surname" value="Dumont"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person795" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person795" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Hayward came to our house that morning; he said he had slipt down, and asked for some soap and water to wash himself; he pulled off his coat to wash himself.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person796"> John Ellis
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person796" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person796" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person796" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a baker; I served Hayward with bread when he lived in Fish-street; six weeks ago he ordered me to send the bread to him in Bread-street; he always paid me very well; he has a good character.</p>
<p>Q. Have you never heard him charged with any thing before?</p>
<p>Ellis. I have heard some charge about some bad halfpence.</p>
<p>Pickering's Defence.</p>
<p>I had some business with Mr. Bearblock; he had been a Grand Master of the Free-masons; I was master of the Lodge this year; a man had applied to me to be made a free-mason; I was not so well acquainted with the solemnities as Mr. Bearblock, therefore I applied to see him; I saw a man come out of the area of this house; I saw Heley take him, upon that I got over the rails into the area to satisfy my curiosity; I was sent to the Compter; being taken, I could not go on to Mr. Bearblock's at all.</p>
<p>For Pickering.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person797"> Thomas Townsend
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person797" type="surname" value="Townsend"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person797" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person797" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Pickering five years; he always had the character of an honest man.</p>
<p>Meetwood's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in company with Mr. Palmer a night or two before at a house in Shoreditch; I said I had a watch to repair; Palmer said if I came to him on Fish-street-hill he would get it repaired for me; I went, but Palmer was not at home; just as I got there Fielding's men came and took me, but I am perfectly innocent.</p>
<p>Meetwood called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17740413-90-person798"> Clark Bailey
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person798" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person798" type="given" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-person798" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17740413-90-deflabel455" type="occupation">gunsmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend773 t17740413-90-deflabel455"/>, a servant to Mr. Peele; at half past eight Peele bid me go to No. 8. at Fish-street-hill, to know when Mr. Palmer would want his gun; accordingly I went and a young woman told me he was not at home, but she expected him every minute, and desired me to sit down; immediately Fielding's men came, and I ran down into the cellar.</p>
<p>Bailey called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>All seven
<rs id="t17740413-90-verdict456" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17740413-90-verdict456" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17740413-90-punish457" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17740413-90-punish457" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17740413-90-punish457" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend765 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend767 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend769 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend771 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend773 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend775 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend777 t17740413-90-punish457"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17740413-90-punish458" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17740413-90-punish458" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend765 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend767 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend769 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend771 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend773 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend775 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17740413-90-defend777 t17740413-90-punish458"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1></div0>

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