<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>458, 459. (M)
<persName id="t17660903-61-defend556" type="defendantName"> Benjamin Frederick
<interp inst="t17660903-61-defend556" type="surname" value="Frederick"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-defend556" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-defend556" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17660903-61-defend557" type="defendantName"> Robert, otherwise
<rs id="t17660903-61-alias-6" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17660903-61-defend557 t17660903-61-alias-6"/>Joseph</rs> Lloyd
<interp inst="t17660903-61-defend557" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-defend557" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted, for
<rs id="t17660903-61-off326" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17660903-61-off326" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-off326" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, together with
<persName id="t17660903-61-person558"> Thomas Gapney
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person558" type="surname" value="Gapney"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person558" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person558" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> not taken, on the 20th of August, in a certain field and open place near the King's highway, on
<persName id="t17660903-61-victim560" type="victimName"> George Craggs
<interp inst="t17660903-61-victim560" type="surname" value="Craggs"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17660903-61-off326 t17660903-61-victim560"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, violently taking from his person a silver watch, value 40 s. a steel chain, value 6 d. a silver seal, value 12 d. a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 20 s. one hat, one handkerchief, half a guinea and 2 s. in money numbered, the property of the said George </rs>,
<rs id="t17660903-61-cd327" type="crimeDate">August 20</rs>
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<persName id="t17660903-61-person561"> George Craggs
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person561" type="surname" value="Craggs"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person561" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person561" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17660903-61-viclabel328" type="occupation">keep a chandler's shop and green-stall</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17660903-61-victim560 t17660903-61-viclabel328"/> in Milk-alley, St. George's parish; on the 20th of August, between eleven and twelve at night, I went to ease myself in a ditch in
<placeName id="t17660903-61-crimeloc329">Stepney-fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-crimeloc329" type="placeName" value="Stepney-fields"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17660903-61-off326 t17660903-61-crimeloc329"/>; I saw three men coming before I had done; and before I could button up my breeches, two of them came and stood over me, while the third rummaged my pockets; they had each of them a drawn knife in their hands. I said, I hope, gentlemen, you will not take my watch from me; one of them said, by Jesus I will cut you into crown pieces; after they had got half a guinea and 2 s. in silver they took my watch, silver buckles, hat, and handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. Was it light or dark?</p>
<p>Craggs. It was a very moon light night.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober?</p>
<p>Craggs. I was a little in liquor, and they strove to hide my eyes: I cannot swear to neither of the prisoners from any thing I saw that night; they were taken the 25th, and I was sent for to see them in Braybrook's house; Lloyd said when he saw me, I was the man they had robbed; he wanted to be admitted evidence; the Justices refused him; I found my buckles again. by his direction, at Mr. Yarham's, a silversmith in Grace's-alley; (produced and deposed to) one of them has been broke, and I had it soldered; I am certain they are mine; they robbed Mrs. Metcap at the same time.</p>
<p>Mr. Yarhum. To the best of my remembrance, I bought these buckles the morning after the prosecutor was robbed; I think strongly in my own mind I bought them of Frederick, but I do not swear it.</p>
<persName id="t17660903-61-person562"> Anne Metcap
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person562" type="surname" value="Metcap"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person562" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person562" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a neighbour of Mr. Craggs's: on the 20th of August in the night, Lloyd came up to me in Stepney-fields, and robbed me of a bundle at the same time they robbed the prosecutor; I was very near Mr. Craggs, going home; after the prisoners were taken, Lloyd said they had given my bundle to their women; I knew Lloyd before.</p>
<persName id="t17660903-61-person563"> Rosamond Gregary
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person563" type="surname" value="Gregary"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person563" type="given" value="Rosamond"/>
<interp inst="t17660903-61-person563" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The same night when Mr. Craggs was robbed, the two prisoners and Gapney were all together at the Ship, facing Well-street, Rosemary-lane; we hearing they had told of this robbery in an alehouse, we went to Justice Scott, and got a warrant of suspicion, and I was at the taking the prisoners; we took them to Braybrook's house, there Lloyd owned he was one of the men that robbed Mr. Craggs, and told Justice Scott where the buckles were sold; Lloyd used to frequent that neighbourhood.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176609030048"/>Frederick's defence.</p>
<p>I am a se man, I never saw the prosecutor in my life, I have been in London but five weeks and two days.</p>
<p>Lloyd's defence.</p>
<p>I know no more of the man than the childrun-horn; I never saw him with my eyes, before I saw him before the Justice; these people that took us do nothing else for their bread but take thieves.</p>
<rs id="t17660903-61-verdict330" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17660903-61-verdict330" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17660903-61-verdict331" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17660903-61-verdict331" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17660903-61-defend557 t17660903-61-punish332"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1></div0>

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