<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 id="17591024" type="sessionsPaper" fragment="yes">
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17591024-20">
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175910240029"/>
<xptr type="preceedingDiv" divtype="trialAccount" id="t17591024-19"/>
<xptr type="followingDiv" divtype="trialAccount" id="t17591024-21"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20" type="year" value="1759"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17591024"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20" type="date" value="17591024"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17591024-20-off97-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17591024-20-defend243 t17591024-20-off97 t17591024-20-verdict100"/>
<p>319. (M.)
<persName id="t17591024-20-defend243" type="defendantName"> John Crockford
<interp inst="t17591024-20-defend243" type="surname" value="Crockford"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-defend243" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-defend243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17591024-20-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17591024-20-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty-nine Guineas </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17591024-20-victim245" type="victimName"> Joseph Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17591024-20-victim245" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-victim245" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-victim245" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17591024-20-off97 t17591024-20-victim245"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17591024-20-cd98" type="crimeDate">October 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17591024-20-off97 t17591024-20-cd98"/>. ||</p>
<rs id="t17591024-20-viclabel99" type="occupation">I am clerk to Mr Mac-Cray at White's Chocolate-House</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17591024-20-victim245 t17591024-20-viclabel99"/>; I always am intrusted with money in the house, because I pay bills, and do all business in the house in regard to trade. I have a drawer in the counting-house, which I keep the key of myself; on the 10th of October last my master was gone out upon some business, and left money with me put up in papers. I had chang'd a Bank note of 50 l. for a gentleman. The last time I looked in the drawer was between twelve and one that night; I went to it to get a handful of silver out of a bag that I have there, to give change to a gentleman up stairs. I put the silver in my pocket, and did not make an entry in the book, doing it in a hurry; I might leave the key in the drawer for what I know.</p>
<p>Q. What money was in the drawer at that time?</p>
<p>Hutchinson. There were two rollo's, fifty guineas each; twenty-nine guineas, part of a rollo; a 50 l. Bank note, and a draught upon somebody in Lombard-street for 22 l. odd; I went to bed, thinking every thing safe. When I got up, my master and I went to settle accounts, as we do once a week, to strike the balance; I felt for my key, and miss'd it; I look'd at the drawer, and that was lock'd; I enquir'd for it of every servant in the house, but could not find it; the prisoner at the bar was out all that day.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you leave up when you went to bed?</p>
<p>Hutchinson. I left the prisoner at the bar and
<persName id="t17591024-20-person246"> Charles Paterson
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person246" type="surname" value="Paterson"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person246" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> up, they were to sit up to wait that night; I was obliged to break open the drawer, there I miss'd the twenty-nine guineas, part of a rollo; the gold was all safe; the silver, being an uncertain sum, I cannot speak to that; my master advised me to search all the servants in the house, immediately; so I call'd them all up stairs, and searched them one after another, but found nothing; the prisoner was out at that time; he had had leave the day before to go out that morning.</p>
<p>Q. Was he gone out before you miss'd the money?</p>
<p>Hutchinson. He was: there was also another servant out; I never had a very bad opinion of the prisoner; but upon his being extravagant I mistrusted him more particular; I ordered the other servants not to say a word
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175910240030"/> what had happened, but to keep it a secret 'till I had a farther proof, for I thought I should find it out in two or three days, by his paying some debt; on the Friday morning, my master ask'd me if I had heard of my money; I said, no; said he, I have, the prisoner at the bar has got it; he said, he was told he had paid six guineas to Mrs Clark, and he did not know how he could get it; upon this, the prisoner was charged with taking it; upon being ask'd how he came to have money to pay that six guineas; he said, he had borrowed seven guineas of one Murphy, that keeps the sign of the Coach and Horses; I went to Murphy, and ask'd him if the prisoner had borrow'd any sum of money of him within these two days; he said, no; then I desired he would go home along with me; and before I got home the the prisoner had confess'd he took the money.</p>
<p>Q. Was you with him before the Justice?</p>
<p>Hutchinson. I was: and Murphy brought eleven guineas, which he said the prisoner had left with him, and tendered it down to him; the prisoner would not take it up, but push'd it to me, and said it was part of the twenty-nine guineas that he had taken out of the drawer.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say how he opened the drawer?</p>
<p>Hutchinson. Before the Justice he said he found the key in the drawer, and he took the money out, and left the key in the drawer; the Justice ask'd him, if he had stolen the twenty-nine guineas out of the drawer; he said, yes; and he own'd that the money he had paid was part of it; that was six guineas to Mrs Clark and four to Murphy; upon the whole I understood he had squander'd the rest away, or paid debts with it.</p>
<persName id="t17591024-20-person247"> Mary Clark
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person247" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person247" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person247" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar paid me six guineas on the eleventh of October that he had borrow'd of me.</p>
<p>Q. Was you before the Justice when the prisoner was there?</p>
<p>Clark. I was before Justice Fielding, and heard the prisoner there confess, that he took twenty-nine guineas out of the drawer; the day before he told me, he would ask Mr Mac-Cray for the money; but before the Justice, he said, this six guineas were part of the money that he took out of the drawer; he also said, he had paid four guineas to Mr Murphy; and I believe he said that was part of that money which he had taken.</p>
<persName id="t17591024-20-person248"> Anthony Murphy
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person248" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person248" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner paid me four pounds eleven shillings and eight-pence half-penny; I told him I was very glad he had given it me, for I never wanted it more; he told me he had received his wages, and was going to make holiday, and if I would keep eleven guineas, which he had there, he should be obliged to me; I took it, which I produc'd to him; and he said, it was the prosecutor's money.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of the matter. I have some people here to my character.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17591024-20-person249"> Bradley Kennet
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person249" type="surname" value="Kennet"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person249" type="given" value="Bradley"/>
<interp inst="t17591024-20-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a Wine-Merchant, in Pall-Mail; I have known the prisoner ever since he was two years old.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Kennet. I never heard the least complaint of him 'till this time; I would have trusted him, or any of his family, with any thing they should ask.</p>
<p>Mr Watson. I have known him ever since he was a child.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Mr Watson. He has a very good character; and so has his whole family, as any family in Westminster.</p>
<p>Mr Perkins. I have known the prisoner a great many years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Mr Perkins. I believe he had a very good character; if he had had a bad character he would not have been there where he lived, he has been there twelve or thirteen years.</p>
<p>Mr Wilson. I have known the prisoner eleven years; he always was very honest, and bore a very good character.</p>
<p>Mr Clark. I have known him sixteen years; I never heard any thing ill of him.</p>
<rs id="t17591024-20-verdict100" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17591024-20-verdict100" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17591024-20-punish101" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17591024-20-punish101" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17591024-20-defend243 t17591024-20-punish101"/>
<note>[Transportation.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1></div0>

View as Text