<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>109. (M.)
<persName id="t17560225-2-defend33" type="defendantName"> John Parkin
<interp inst="t17560225-2-defend33" type="surname" value="Parkin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-defend33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-defend33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that he
<rs id="t17560225-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17560225-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> had in his custody and possession a certain paper writing purporting to be a bill of exchange </rs>, in the words following,</p>
<p>Whitehaven, Nov. 28. 1755.</p>
<p>Twenty days after sight, please to pay to
<persName id="t17560225-2-person34"> Ann Bigland
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person34" type="surname" value="Bigland"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person34" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person34" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , or order, the sum of ten pounds, and place it to accompt as advised by</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person35"> Thomas Downs
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person35" type="surname" value="Downs"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>10 00</p>
<p>Directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17560225-2-person36"> Benjamin Titley
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person36" type="surname" value="Titley"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person36" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , merchant, Nicholas-lane, London. And that he feloniously did make, forge and counterfeit, and cause to be made, and willingly asserted therein certain acceptance in these words and abbreviations.</p>
<p>16 of Dec. 1755, Accepted
<persName id="t17560225-2-person37"> Benjamin Titley
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person37" type="surname" value="Titley"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person37" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175602250003"/> And for uttering the same with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17560225-2-victim39" type="victimName"> Henry Blake
<interp inst="t17560225-2-victim39" type="surname" value="Blake"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-victim39" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-victim39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17560225-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">Dec. 20. </rs>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17560225-2-off10 t17560225-2-cd7"/>*</p>
<p>Henry Blake. The prisoner has an aunt lodges at my house.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Blake. I live at the corner of Duke's-court, Drury-lane; he came backwards and forwards to visit her some times, two or three times a day for near two months.</p>
<p>Q. When did he come first?</p>
<p>Blake. To the best of my knowledge he came first in September last; he behaved himself always very sober and civil.</p>
<p>Q. What business was he in?</p>
<p>Blake. I can't say he was in any business. He asked me if I could give him cash for a note; (I believe that was in December) and produced one of 10 l. accordingly I gave him 10 l. upon it, after which I found it to be a bad one.</p>
<p>Q. How did you find that out?</p>
<p>Blake. I had taken another note of him after that, which I had some reason to suspect being a bad one.</p>
<p>Q. Who was it accepted by?</p>
<p>Blake. By
<persName id="t17560225-2-person40"> Benjamin Titley
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person40" type="surname" value="Titley"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person40" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Had you seen
<persName id="t17560225-2-person41"> Benjamin Titley
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person41" type="surname" value="Titley"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person41" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Blake. No, I had not. He produced the note.</p>
<p>Q. Has there been any alteration made in it since he gave it you.</p>
<p>Blake. No, there has not; only I paid it to a wholesale cheesemonger at Smithfield-bars, who put a figure on it when it became due, on the top of it.</p>
<p>It is read to this purport.</p>
<p>Whitehaven, 28 of Nov. 1755.</p>
<p>Twenty days after sight, please to pay to
<persName id="t17560225-2-person42"> Ann Bigland
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person42" type="surname" value="Bigland"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person42" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person42" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , or order, the sum of ten pounds, and place it to accompt, as advised by me,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person43"> Thomas Downs
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person43" type="surname" value="Downs"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person43" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>10 00</p>
<p>To Mr.
<persName id="t17560225-2-person44"> Benjamin Titley
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person44" type="surname" value="Titley"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person44" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Merchant, Nicholas-lane, London.</p>
<p>16th of Dec. 1755. accepted per Benja. Titley.</p>
<p>Q. Did he frequently come to your house after this?</p>
<p>Blake. He did, and visited his aunt as usual. After I had went and enquired about another note I had taken of him, and found it a bad one, it was accepted by
<persName id="t17560225-2-person45"> Robert Ashbridge
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person45" type="surname" value="Ashbridge"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person45" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who denied it to be his accepting, then I went and took the prisoner up, being myself an officer, and also went and took up this note, and paid the 10 l. for it. I took the prisoner before justice Fielding, and he was committed.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Where did the prisoner come from when he came to London?</p>
<p>Blake. He came from out of the country.</p>
<p>Q. Upon what occasion did he come out of the country?</p>
<p>Blake. I don't know upon what occasion.</p>
<p>Q. Did he attempt to make his escape, when he saw you come to take him up?</p>
<p>Blake. No, he did not; he was willing to go along with me.</p>
<p>Q. Was the note due at that time?</p>
<p>Blake. No; that was not due, the other was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person46"> Benjamin Booth
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person46" type="surname" value="Booth"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person46" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Titley was sent for before justice Fielding, and I went along with him; he was shewn this bill here producer, and ask'd, by the justice, if it was his hand writing; that is the acceptance; he said it was not his acceptance.</p>
<p>Q. Did he read these words, (To Mr. Titley, merchant, Nicholas-lane, London.)</p>
<p>Blake. Yes, he did.</p>
<p>The prisoner was called upon to make his defence, but said, he had nothing to say.</p>
<p>C. for prisoner, to Mr. Blake. Do you know whether this bill is a true or a false one?</p>
<p>Blake. I do not know.</p>
<p>C. for prisoner. Do you know Thomas Downs of Whitehaven ?</p>
<p>Blake. No, I do not.</p>
<p>C. for prisoner. Did you ever enquire after him?</p>
<p>Blake. No, I did not.</p>
<p>C. for prisoner. Did you ever enquire after
<persName id="t17560225-2-person47"> Ann Bigland
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person47" type="surname" value="Bigland"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person47" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person47" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Blake. No, I did not.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person48"> John Fish
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person48" type="surname" value="Fish"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person48" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about 3 or 4 months, the time he has been in London; I never saw any irregularity in his behaviour.</p>
<p>Q. What business is he?</p>
<p>Fish. He informed me he was son to an attorney, and came here to be further'd in that business.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person49"> Samuel Normington
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person49" type="surname" value="Normington"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person49" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about 3 or 4 months.</p>
<p>Q. How old is he?</p>
<p>Normington. He is about 19 years of age; I never heard any ill of him.</p>
<p>Isabella Parkin. I am first cousin to the prisoner; he came to London some time in September last; his father is an attorney at Whitehaven in Cumberland, and he came to town to serve the remainder of his clerkship in Gray's-Inn.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17560225-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17560225-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
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<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175602250004"/>He was a second time indicted for that he
<rs id="t17560225-2-off10" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17560225-2-off10" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> had in his custody a certain paper writing purporting to be a bill of exchange </rs> to this purport.</p>
<p>Manchester, 2 Dec. 1755.</p>
<p>Twenty days after sight please to pay unto
<persName id="t17560225-2-person50"> John Parkin
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person50" type="surname" value="Parkin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person50" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or order, the sum of seventeen pounds, and place it to accompt, as adviesd</p>
<p>per
<persName id="t17560225-2-person51"> John Gilliard
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person51" type="surname" value="Gilliard"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person51" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>17 00</p>
<p>Directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17560225-2-person52"> Robert Ashbridge
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<interp inst="t17560225-2-person52" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a pawnbroker, East-Smithfield, London. And that he feloniously did make, forge and counterfeit, and cause to be made, and willingly asserted therein, a certain acceptance in the words and figures following. Dec. 7, accepted per R. Ashbridge, and for publishing the same with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17560225-2-victim54" type="victimName"> Robert Ashbridge
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<interp inst="t17560225-2-victim54" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-victim54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17560225-2-cd11" type="crimeDate">Dec. 14</rs>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17560225-2-off10 t17560225-2-cd11"/>. *</p>
<p>Hen. Blake. The prisoner desired I would let him have 17 l. upon this bill, holding one in his hand; he said it was drawn by a very good person and accepted likewise. I paid him the money and took the bill.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Blake. This was some time in the beginning of Dec. last. I went with the bill to Mr. Ashbridge on the 23d of Dec. and he denied the acceptance to me.</p>
<p>The bill read to this purport,</p>
<p>Manchester, 2 Dec. 1755.</p>
<p>Twenty days after fight please to pay unto
<persName id="t17560225-2-person55"> John Parkin
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person55" type="surname" value="Parkin"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or order, the sum of seventeen pounds, and place it to accompt, as advised.</p>
<p>per
<persName id="t17560225-2-person56"> John Gilliard
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person56" type="surname" value="Gilliard"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person56" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>17 00</p>
<p>To Mr.
<persName id="t17560225-2-person57"> Robert Ashbridge
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person57" type="surname" value="Ashbridge"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person57" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a pawnbroker, East-smithfield, London.</p>
<p>Dec. 7 accepted by R. Ashbridge.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person58"> Robert Ashbridge
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person58" type="surname" value="Ashbridge"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person58" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Blake came to me on the 23d of Dec. with a bill. I told him I knew nothing of it.</p>
<p>Court. You can't give evidence concerning the bill. Have you any body here that knows your hard writing?</p>
<p>Ashbridge. I have; his name is
<persName id="t17560225-2-person59"> Henry Wade
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<interp inst="t17560225-2-person59" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17560225-2-person60"> Henry Wade
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person60" type="surname" value="Wade"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person60" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17560225-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . (He takes the bill in his hand) This name R. Ashbridge is not Mr. Ashbridge's hand writing. I am sure it is not.</p>
<p>Q. Are you acquainted with his hand writing.</p>
<p>Wade. I am. I have been his tenant 12 years; here is a book of his receipts (producing a book)</p>
<p>The Court and the Jury look at the book and bill, and declare there is no comparison at all.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in his defence.</p>
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<rs id="t17560225-2-verdict12" type="verdictDescription">
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