<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>319.
<persName id="t17460903-34-defend486" type="defendantName"> Samuel Mecum
<interp inst="t17460903-34-defend486" type="surname" value="Mecum"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-defend486" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-defend486" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted,
<rs id="t17460903-34-off131" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17460903-34-off131" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-off131" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> for that he, together with
<persName id="t17460903-34-person487"> Richard Swist
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person487" type="surname" value="Swist"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person487" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person487" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17460903-34-person488"> Samuel Smith
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person488" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person488" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person488" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17460903-34-person489"> James Stamford
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person489" type="surname" value="Stamford"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person489" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person489" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , not yet taken, did steal one Back of Yarn, the Property of
<persName id="t17460903-34-victim491" type="victimName"> William Haydes
<interp inst="t17460903-34-victim491" type="surname" value="Haydes"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-victim491" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-victim491" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17460903-34-off131 t17460903-34-victim491"/> </persName> , from
<placeName id="t17460903-34-crimeloc132">the Rose and Crown Yard, Holbourn-Bridge</placeName>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-crimeloc132" type="placeName" value="the Rose and Crown Yard, Holbourn-Bridge"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17460903-34-off131 t17460903-34-crimeloc132"/> </rs>, the
<rs id="t17460903-34-cd133" type="crimeDate">12th Day of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17460903-34-off131 t17460903-34-cd133"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person492"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person492" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person492" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person493"> Robert Gricewood
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person493" type="surname" value="Gricewood"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person493" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person493" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .) What have you to charge the Prisoner with?</p>
<p>Gricewood. These Goods were lost out of my Custody; the Sack containing a hundred Weight of Linnen Yarn.</p>
<p>Q. Who did this Yarn belong to?</p>
<p>Gricewood. To
<persName id="t17460903-34-person494"> William Hayles
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person494" type="surname" value="Hayles"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person494" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person494" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of - in Wiltshire. We were going to load it in a Waggon; whilst we were busy about the Waggon, these Goods were taken away out of the Yard.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My Lord, ask him if he ever saw me in his Yard, or about it.</p>
<p>Gricewood. No, my Lord, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Were these Goods ever found again?</p>
<p>Gricewood. No, my Lord.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person495"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person495" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person495" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person496"> William Archer
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person496" type="surname" value="Archer"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person496" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person496" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .) What have you to say ?</p>
<p>Archer. Last Ash-Wednesday there was I,
<persName id="t17460903-34-person497"> Samuel Mecum
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person497" type="surname" value="Mecum"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person497" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person497" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17460903-34-person498"> Richard Swift
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person498" type="surname" value="Swift"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person498" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person498" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17460903-34-person499"> James Stamford
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person499" type="surname" value="Stamford"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person499" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person499" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ;
<persName id="t17460903-34-person500"> Richard Swift
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person500" type="surname" value="Swift"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person500" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person500" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gives Mecum a Hand up with thus Yarn, in order to carry it home to Mecum's House.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do the mean time ?</p>
<p>Archer. Stamford and I stood to look if any body saw us. After we had brought the Yarn pretty near to his House, he run to get his House open, which he did: We Went into the Entry, and threw it down the Cellar. As soon as he carried it as far as he had a Mind, Mr. Swift carried it; then James Stamford; when he was tired, I carried it upon my Shoulder: Mecum carried it as far as Goswell-Street, then he ran home to get his Door open to put it down his Cellar.</p>
<p>Q. What became of it?</p>
<p>Archer. It was sold to Gordon for 20 s. but I never had but 3 s. and Mr. Smith owes me now 18 d. of the Money.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person501"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person501" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person501" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to the Prisoner.) Now what have you to say in your Defence?</p>
<p>Prisoner. Please you, my Lord, I was at Mr. Lane's, an Alehouse, where we had something for Supper, and there Archer and I had a Quarrel, and he does this out of Revenge, &c. This Witness was took up for murdering his own Father: I never was in no Gaol 'till they brought me to it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person502"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person502" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person502" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person503"> Hugh Pinchin
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person503" type="surname" value="Pinchin"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person503" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person503" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ) What Business are you?</p>
<p>Pinchin. Sir, I am an Officer belonging to the Marshalsea Court.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of an Officer? what is your Office to arrest Men?</p>
<p>Pinchin. Yes, when I have Business to do.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any Thing particularly of this Yarn?</p>
<p>Pinchin. No otherwise, my Lord, than I happen'd to go and see this Archer in Bridewell, and I ask'd him how he came to do this Thing to these Men; I said I know you to be a Reprobate Fellow, but I never knew you to be a Thief; so he d - d me, and said will you give me a Quartern of Gin, which I did; said he I was persuaded to do it, and I have done it once, and I must do it again.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person504"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person504" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person504" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person505"> Richard Worral
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person505" type="surname" value="Worral"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person505" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person505" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .) Do you know any Thing of this Affair about the Yarn?</p>
<p>Worral. I know so far, please you my Lord, that I give 900 l. Security for my Place; the Prisoner has gone along with me sometimes; the Prisoner and Arther happen'd to be at one Mr. Lane's, so there happen'd to be a Quarrel.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174609030036"/>Q. When was it? I say, when was it? Was it a Month ago, or two Months, or is it three Months ago?</p>
<p>Worral. 'Tis eight or nine Months ago, I believe; it was just when Archer's Father sent him to Bridewell. I did not keep an Almanack in my Head.</p>
<p>Court. You say that Archer and Mecum were at Lane's nine Months ago; what was then done, and said ?</p>
<p>Worral. We had some Steakes, and I eat a Bit with them; there was Sop, and Archer throws it into the Prisoner's Face, so Mecum hit him with the Candlestick, and Archer d - d him, he would hang him right or wrong.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person506"> Anne Mitcham
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person506" type="surname" value="Mitcham"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person506" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person506" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went along with that Gentleman; he desired me to go with him to see Mr. Archer in Bridewell.</p>
<p>Q. What Gentleman?</p>
<p>Mitcham. Mr. Pinchin; when we went into the Place, Archer fell a Swearing, and said won't you give me a Dram of Gin; says Mr. Pinchin I don't care if I do; he said, how came you to speak against these Men, I never knew you was a Thief before; with that they had a Quartern of Gin; he d - d it, and said they persuaded me to swear it, and as I swore it, I'll stand to my Word, right or wrong.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Mitcham. In Spittlefields Market.</p>
<p>Q. Is the Prisoner at the Bar any Relation of yours?</p>
<p>Mitcham. No, Sir.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person507"> John Gardner
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person507" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person507" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person507" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went into Mr. Lane's House to get a Pint of Beer one Night.</p>
<p>Q. When was that?</p>
<p>Gardner. Some Time ago; I cannot tell the Time.</p>
<p>Q. Was it Half a Year ago, or a Quarter of a Year?</p>
<p>Gardner. I believe it was about three Months ago; and I heard Archer say he would take Mecum's Life away, right or wrong.</p>
<p>Q. How came he to say this?</p>
<p>Gardner. He said it of his own Accord, without any Body saying any Thing to him.</p>
<p>Q. What Business are you?</p>
<p>Gardner. I am a Butcher, and I live in Whitecross-Street.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you know Mecum? What Business is he?</p>
<p>Gardner. He is a Hatband-maker, and makes Loops for Hats; he serv'd his Time to it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person508"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person508" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person508" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person509"> James Smith
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person509" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person509" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person509" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ) What have you to say?</p>
<p>Smith. I have no otherwise to say but I have seen this Mecum pass and repass by my Master's Door, and I never saw any Misbehaviour of the Man.</p>
<p>Court. Then you don't know any Thing particular of this Fact?</p>
<p>Smith. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17460903-34-person510"> Q.
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person510" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person510" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (to
<persName id="t17460903-34-person511"> Elizabeth Wooley
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person511" type="surname" value="Wooley"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person511" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17460903-34-person511" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ) What have you to say ?</p>
<p>Wooley. This Man came to and fro to my Stall; I never knew any Harm by him.</p>
<p>Q. What Business is the Man?</p>
<p>Wooley. He has follow'd these Bailiffs and Officers; I have seen him with them to and fro, and a great many Times, and I never heard any Harm of him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17460903-34-verdict134" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17460903-34-verdict134" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17460903-34-punish135" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17460903-34-punish135" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17460903-34-defend486 t17460903-34-punish135"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1></div0>
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