<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>17.
<persName id="t17320906-16-defend113" type="defendantName"> James Lewis
<interp inst="t17320906-16-defend113" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-defend113" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-defend113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of
<rs id="t17320906-16-deflabel66" type="occupation">St. Mary le Bow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17320906-16-defend113 t17320906-16-deflabel66"/>, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17320906-16-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging and causing to be forged (after the 29th of June 1729) a certain Writing, call'd the Last Will and Testament of
<persName id="t17320906-16-person114"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person114" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person114" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with an Intent to defraud
<persName id="t17320906-16-victim115" type="victimName"> Mary Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-victim115" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-victim115" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-victim115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17320906-16-off67 t17320906-16-victim115"/> </persName> his
<rs id="t17320906-16-viclabel68" type="occupation">Wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17320906-16-victim115 t17320906-16-viclabel68"/> of his Wages, and for publishing the said Will, knowing it to be forged </rs>,
<rs id="t17320906-16-cd69" type="crimeDate">August 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17320906-16-off67 t17320906-16-cd69"/>.</p>
<p>The Council for the King opened, that the Prisoner was one who frequently lent Money to Sailors; that 'tis customary for the Sailors to make a Will to the Person of whom they borrow Money. That the deceas'd
<persName id="t17320906-16-person116"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person116" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person116" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , having enter'd himself on board the Bridgewater, in Service of the East-India Company, did really make a Will to the Prisoner, sign'd Nov. 30. 1726. That the said
<persName id="t17320906-16-person117"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person117" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person117" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> returning safe from this Voyage, did go a second Voyage for the East-Indies, in the Ship Forbidge,
<persName id="t17320906-16-person118"> Richard Gosprit
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person118" type="surname" value="Gosprit"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person118" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Master, in which Voyage the said
<persName id="t17320906-16-person119"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person119" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person119" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> dy'd. That the Prisoner hearing of his Death went to his Widow
<persName id="t17320906-16-person120"> Mary Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person120" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person120" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , to know if the Deceas'd had made any Will, and finding that he had not, and that she intended to administer; that then the Prisoner published this second Will, as the true Will of
<persName id="t17320906-16-person121"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person121" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person121" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sign'd on the 30th of Nov. 1728, and witnessed by
<persName id="t17320906-16-person122"> Newton Robinson
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person122" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person122" type="given" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17320906-16-person123"> Mary Macafy
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person123" type="surname" value="Macafy"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person123" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person123" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who were Witnesses to the first Will. That this second Will being the same in all Respects as the first, except in the Date of the Year, and that in the first it is mentioned, that
<persName id="t17320906-16-person124"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person124" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person124" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was then a Sailor on board the Bridgewater ; but in the second, the Word Bridgewater seems to be eras'd, and these Words are interlin'd in a different Hand and Ink, Now belonging to the Ship Forbidge,
<persName id="t17320906-16-person125"> Richard Gosprit
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person125" type="surname" value="Gosprit"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person125" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Master. That the Prosecutor will endeavour to prove that this pretended second Will is no other than the first Will alter'd in the Date and the Ship's Name; and that on November 30. 1728, when this second Will was said to be sign'd in London by the deceas'd
<persName id="t17320906-16-person126"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person126" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person126" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he was then down at Gravesend, receiving his River-pay; and that therefore it is done without the Knowledge of the said
<persName id="t17320906-16-person127"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person127" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person127" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and is false and forged.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person128"> John Hawkins
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person128" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person128" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is the original Will of
<persName id="t17320906-16-person129"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person129" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person129" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I brought it from the Perogative-Office. I am Clerk to the Register. It has been pleaded in Behalf of one
<persName id="t17320906-16-person130"> James Lewis
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person130" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person130" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>[Then the Will was read in Court, and it agreed with the Copy of it in the Indictment.]</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person131"> Joseph Was
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person131" type="surname" value="Was"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person131" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was employ'd by the Widow of the deceas'd
<persName id="t17320906-16-person132"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person132" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person132" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to receive the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="173209060007"/> Wages due to him, but the Prisoner came with this Will, and the Probat, and got the Money from me.</p>
<p>Council. Here Mrs. Robinson, did you know
<persName id="t17320906-16-person133"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person133" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person133" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person134"> Newton Robinson
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person134" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person134" type="given" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Yes.</p>
<p>Council. Look on that Paper; what is it?</p>
<p>Robinson. 'Tis the Will of
<persName id="t17320906-16-person135"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person135" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person135" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Council. Did you see him execute it?</p>
<p>Robinson. Yes. I sign'd my Name. Here it is as a Witness.</p>
<p>Council. Where?</p>
<p>Robinson. At the Prisoner's House in Queen's-Head Alley, in Wapping.</p>
<p>Council. How long ago?</p>
<p>Robinson. About 4 Years.</p>
<p>Council. Are you sure 'twas but 4 Years ago? What Ship did
<persName id="t17320906-16-person136"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person136" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person136" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> then belong to?</p>
<p>Robinson. The Forbidge.</p>
<p>Court. Why this proves the second Will.</p>
<p>Council. Here,
<persName id="t17320906-16-person137"> Mary Macafy
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person137" type="surname" value="Macafy"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person137" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; Is that your Mark?</p>
<p>Macafy. Yes.</p>
<p>Council. Who Signed that Will?</p>
<p>Macafy. I saw one they called
<persName id="t17320906-16-person138"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person138" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person138" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sign it, but I did not know him.</p>
<p>Council. Where?</p>
<p>Macafy. At the Prisoner's House.</p>
<p>Council. When?</p>
<p>Macafy. About 4 Years ago.</p>
<p>Court. Have you any more such Witnesses?</p>
<p>Council. We have some to prove that
<persName id="t17320906-16-person139"> John Ward
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<interp inst="t17320906-16-person139" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was several Miles from London, at the Time that the second Will is said to be Signed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person140"> John Philpot
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person140" type="surname" value="Philpot"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person140" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The deceased
<persName id="t17320906-16-person141"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person141" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person141" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was my Son-in-Law, he ow'd me Money, and I threatned to Trouble him, which made him afraid to come on Shore, and so he kept on Board.</p>
<p>Court. When was this?</p>
<p>Philpot. I don't know the Time.</p>
<p>Court. Then you might as well have said nothing.</p>
<p>- Barns. I live at the Flying-Horse at Gravesend ; and that Day as
<persName id="t17320906-16-person142"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person142" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person142" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> received his River-Pay for the Forbidge he was at our House, and lay there that Night. It was the - [He pauses, and
<persName id="t17320906-16-person143"> Joseph Wass
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person143" type="surname" value="Wass"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person143" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> prompts him] the 30th of November, 1728.</p>
<p>Court. And how came you to remember so exactly, that it was the 30th Day? Have you any particular Reason for it? Might it not have been on the 28th?</p>
<p>Barns. I remember it was the last Day of the Month.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person144"> Joseph Wass
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person144" type="surname" value="Wass"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person144" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Remember the Day of the Month the 30th of November [aside to
<persName id="t17320906-16-person145"> Ann Rogers
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person145" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person145" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ].</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17320906-16-person146"> Ann Rogers
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person146" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person146" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at the Flying Horse at Gravesend.
<persName id="t17320906-16-person147"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person147" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person147" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> used our House. I remember the River-Pay of the Ship Forbidge was paid there the 30th of November; and Ward and his Wife both lay there that Night.</p>
<p>Officer. My Lord, here's this Man,
<persName id="t17320906-16-person148"> Joseph Wass
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person148" type="surname" value="Wass"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person148" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17320906-16-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , prompts the Witnesses.</p>
<p>A Gentleman. Yes, my Lord, I heard him too.</p>
<p>Court. Swear those two Persons. [Th sworn.] Now what did you hear him say?</p>
<p>Officer. He bid them remember the Day of the Month, and he named some Day, but I forget what Day it was.</p>
<p>Gentleman. I heard him say, Remember the 30th of November.</p>
<p>J. Wass. Suppose I did, I hope there was no Harm in that.</p>
<p>Court. No harm, Sir? When a Man's Life is at Stake, are you to put Words in the Witnesses Mouths, and direct them what to swear? Officer take him into Custody.</p>
<p>Wass. My Lord -</p>
<p>Court. Take him away to Newgate.</p>
<p>The Jury
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