<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<persName id="t17241204-69-defend354" type="defendantName"> Charles Towers
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<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend354" type="given" value="Charles"/>
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<persName id="t17241204-69-defend356" type="defendantName"> John Webb
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<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend356" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend356" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
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<interp inst="t17241204-69-off375" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> they, with twenty others, after the 1 st of June, in the Tenth Year of his Majesty's Reign, that is to say, on the
<rs id="t17241204-69-cd376" type="crimeDate">21 st of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17241204-69-off375 t17241204-69-cd376"/>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17241204-69-off383 t17241204-69-cd376"/> last, being arm'd with Guns, Pistols, Swords, Staves, or other offensive Weapons, and having their Faces black'd, or being otherwise disguised, did feloniously appear in the Highway commonly called
<placeName id="t17241204-69-crimeloc377">Wapping Wall, in the Parish of S. Paul's Shadwell</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17241204-69-off383 t17241204-69-crimeloc377"/>, to the great Terror of his Majesty's Subjects, against the Peace of our Sovereign Lord the King, his Crown and Dignity, and against the Form of the Statute in this Case made and provided. </rs> The Council for the King open'd, that the Prisoners were Inhabitants of the New Mint, and so Notorious in the Riots committed there, and in Places adjacent, that they were distinguished by the Titles of Captain Towers and General Webb. That a Book was kept and Place called the Seven Cities of Refuge, in which the Names of all the New Minters were enter'd, they paying half a Guinea at the time of subscribing, and obliging them selves to the utmost extent of their Power to rescue and set at Liberty any Person on the said List, whenever he was arrested or imprison'd. That accordingly the Prisoners and seven others did at the Time, after the Manner, and in the Place mention'd in the Indictment, appear; and by Force of Arms take a Person Arrested out of the House of
<persName id="t17241204-69-person357"> John Errington
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person357" type="surname" value="Errington"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person357" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person357" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoners desired, that when any Witness was giving Evidence, the rest might be put out of Court; which the Court granted.</p>
<p>John Errington depos'd, that on Saturday the 20th of June last he arrested
<persName id="t17241204-69-person358"> John West
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person358" type="surname" value="West"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person358" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person358" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at the Suit of
<persName id="t17241204-69-person359"> Geo Manisold
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person359" type="surname" value="Manisold"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person359" type="given" value="Geo"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person359" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on a Note of Hand for 50 s. and carried him to his own House, the Red Lion on Wapping-Wall, opposite to King James's Stairs. The next Morning, being Sunday, about 11 o'Clock, the Street-Door being left a-jar, a Man rush'd in with a great Stick in his Hand like a Quarter-Staff, his Face and Breast all black, as if besmear'd with a Mixture of Soot and Grease; his Hair shot off no Hat no Wig, no Shirt nor any thing on his back but a blue Pee Jacket flying open before D - ye, say he, you have put one of our Prisoners,and we'll have him away,for we are sworn to one another - Who's that? Charles? (says Errington; for he was so disguised, that he did not Know him till he spoke, tho' he had often seen him before.) Yet D - , (says Towers) and then Webb and several others follow him in, with Broomsticks in their Hands, but not disguised. Errington told 'em he had but one prisoner, and he belong'd to Tower-Hill. 'Tis no matter for that, (says Tower, and Pull'd out a paper) we have his Name bere and he's enter'd in our List. 'Tis really so Mr. Errington (says Webb in a milder Tone) and therefore we desire you'd restore him to us, and we'll go away Quietly. Errington knew 'twould not only be in vain, but dangerous, to deny 'em, and so deliver'd his Prisoner up. They went out in Triumph, with repeated Huzza's; but Towers turning back, and seeing
<persName id="t17241204-69-person360"> Daniel Taylor
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<interp inst="t17241204-69-person360" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person360" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a Waterman, lifted up his Quarter Staff, and said, I must have one Knock or two at that setting Son of a Bitch. But Errington catching hold of his Arm, persuaded him to take another Opportunity for it, and so he went out again. Most of these Particulars were repeated in the Depositions of
<persName id="t17241204-69-person361"> Mary Errington
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<interp inst="t17241204-69-person361" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person361" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and Daniel Taylor.
<persName id="t17241204-69-person362"> George Errington
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person362" type="surname" value="Errington"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person362" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person362" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed, that he lives in Mill-Yard in Star-street, within a Stone's-throw of his Brother John Errington's House: and that on the Sunday Morning in which West was taken from his Brother; he saw Towers disguised as aforesaid, with Webb and 12 or 14 more, all arm'd with Clubs, pass by his Door towards his Brother's on Wapping-Wall. In about half an Hour after, as he was leaning over his Hatch, he saw them all returning in the same Manner as they went, bringing West along with them; and as they were passing this Evidence's Door, Capt. Towers (whom he knew by his Tongue) stept up towards him with his Quarter-Staff, and said, I must have one Knock at his Napper: But the other clapping the Door to, prevented him, and then the Mob went off.</p>
<p>Towers in his Defence said, that he was not disguised, and that his Face was only dirty, and not designedly made black: That having formerly unfortunately been bound for others, to the Amount of 400 l. he was forced to fly to the Old Mint; and when that broke up, and he could not be discharged by the Act, he took Shelter in the New Mint; and thought that he had better reside there, and live honestly, than go upon the Highway for Money to pay his Debts; and that he was never guilty of Rioting, any farther than defending himself when he was pursued by Bailiffs. That supposing he had been disguised at that time, yet as (he persuaded himself) there had been no sufficient Proof of his having committed any Violence, he thought the Masqueraders were as liable to be convicted by the same Act as himself. Webb in his Defence said, that he did not appear in any Disguise; and indeed there being no Evidence to prove it upon him, the Jury
<rs id="t17241204-69-verdict378" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict378" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs> him, and found Towers
<rs id="t17241204-69-verdict379" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict379" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17241204-69-defend370 t17241204-69-punish380"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17241204-69-defend363" type="defendantName"> John Tims
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend363" type="surname" value="Tims"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend363" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend363" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, and
<persName id="t17241204-69-defend364" type="defendantName"> Charles Towers
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend364" type="surname" value="Towers"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend364" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend364" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a 2d time indicted, for that they, with
<persName id="t17241204-69-person365"> John Bowler
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person365" type="surname" value="Bowler"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person365" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person365" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17241204-69-person366"> John Tibbs
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person366" type="surname" value="Tibbs"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person366" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person366" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17241204-69-person367"> John Fencott
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person367" type="surname" value="Fencott"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person367" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person367" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , (not yet taken)
<rs id="t17241204-69-off381" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-off381" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-off381" type="offenceSubcategory" value="riot"/> did on the 15th of August last unlawfully and riotously, the Dwelling House of
<persName id="t17241204-69-victim368" type="victimName"> Henry Brookshank
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim368" type="surname" value="Brookshank"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim368" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim368" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , begin to destroy </rs>
<rs id="t17241204-69-verdict382" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict382" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict382" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> . But no Evidence appearing, they were acquitted </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17241204-69-defend369" type="defendantName"> John Tims
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend369" type="surname" value="Tims"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend369" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend369" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was a 2d time, and
<persName id="t17241204-69-defend370" type="defendantName"> Charles Towers
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend370" type="surname" value="Towers"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend370" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-defend370" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a 3 d time, indicted; for that they, with John Bowler, John Tibbs, and
<persName id="t17241204-69-person371"> John Fencott
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person371" type="surname" value="Fencott"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person371" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-person371" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , (not yet taken) did
<rs id="t17241204-69-off383" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-off383" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-off383" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> break and enter the House of
<persName id="t17241204-69-victim372" type="victimName"> Henry Brookshank
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim372" type="surname" value="Brookshank"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim372" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-victim372" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and feloniously take from thence 12 lb. of Tobacco, value 18 s.5 Pints of Brandy, Pipes, and 14 s. in Money, the Goods and Money of Henry Brookshank, on the 15th of Aug. last, about 8 in the Evening </rs>.
<rs id="t17241204-69-verdict384" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict384" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17241204-69-verdict384" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> But no Evidence appearing, they were acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1></div0>

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