<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<persName id="t17190115-49-defend231" type="defendantName"> Edward Bird
<interp inst="t17190115-49-defend231" type="surname" value="Bird"/>
<interp inst="t17190115-49-defend231" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17190115-49-defend231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17190115-49-defloc251">St. James's</placeName>
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<rs id="t17190115-49-deflabel252" type="occupation">Gent</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-defend231 t17190115-49-deflabel252"/>. was
<rs id="t17190115-49-off253" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17190115-49-off253" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17190115-49-off253" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> indicted for the Murther of
<persName id="t17190115-49-victim233" type="victimName"> Samuel Loxton
<interp inst="t17190115-49-victim233" type="surname" value="Loxton"/>
<interp inst="t17190115-49-victim233" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-off253 t17190115-49-victim233"/> </persName> by giving him one Mortal wound with a Sword on the right side of his Body, between the first and second Rib, of the breath of half an Inch, and the depth of 12 Inches of which he immediately died </rs>. He was indicted a second time on the Coroners. Inquest for the same, and likewise a 3d time on the Statute of Stabbing.</p>
<persName id="t17190115-49-person234"> Thomas Baberton alias
<rs id="t17190115-49-alias-8" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-person234 t17190115-49-alias-8"/>Vernassel</rs>
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<interp inst="t17190115-49-person234" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17190115-49-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , deposed, that on the
<rs id="t17190115-49-cd254" type="crimeDate">25th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-off253 t17190115-49-cd254"/> last the Prisoner, came to Mr. Seeds well's House at
<placeName id="t17190115-49-crimeloc255">the Bagnio in Silver-Street</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-off253 t17190115-49-crimeloc255"/> together with a Woman in a Coach bringing with him a Bottle of Champain Wine, and that Samuel Loxton the deceased waited upon them, that they went to Bed and lay still about 2 a Clock and then knocking, the deceased went up and coming down told him the Prisoner demanded a Bath, and that he being then Cupping a great Gentleman, told him he had almost done and he should have one gotten ready as soon as possible, that Loxton came down again and told him that the Gentleman Damned him and Cursed him, telling him he would have one that very Moment, and had threatned and attempted to kill him, that then the Prisoner still keeping a knocking, he begg'd leave of the Gentleman he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="171901150007"/> was Cupping to go up to him, the deceased being afraid to go, that he went up and told him that he should have a Bath presently, he had set the Cock a fighting, and it would be ready in the 8th part of an Hour that the Prisoner said G - D - m, you Sirrah, I will have it thin-Moment, and getting out of the Bed made 8 or 10 Passes which he avoided by holding the Door in his Hand, and pulled it. too; then hearing him either see his Sword fall or throw it down he ventured to open the Door again to pacifie him, but the Prisoner run after him and flung him down, and broke 3 or 4 of his Ribs, that his Mistress this enquired what was the matter, and calling her Maid fent her up to the Prisoner to expoltulats with him why he would kill her Servants, to which the Prisoner reply'd, G - D - m, you for a Bitch it should come at you. I would stick you first; that Master Mr. Seedwell got up, and Mr. Seedwell Mrs. Seedwell, and himself, and the deceafed went the Prisoner all together, that Mr. Seedwell went that the deceafed went in next, that he fol Loxton with a Candle in a low brass Candlestick Hand, and. Mrs. Seedwell follow'd him, and stood just at the Door; that Mr. Seedwell stood by the the deceased at the Beds feet, that he behind the deceased, and Mrs. Seedwell at the that they had none of them any of Weapon, Sword Stick, Cane or anything Candle and Candlestick, that there Mr. Seedwell with him, For God's sake, Sir, What is What have my Servants home? If they have I will punish them before your Face, you shall accomodation in my House, but if you cannot be I will provide, you either Coach or Chair to go, you please, and nothing for what you have had, of you not to make a disturbance; I have seve of consideration in my House, you will do me a: That the Prisoner being still very outragi without any other provocation immediately start the Bed, and taking out a Sword which lay on the left side, the Woman lying on the right, himself up griping the Sword made 2 at him at the 2d of which he stagger'd a little wards against him, never speaking one but died immediately; and that the Deceased With a Pinch of Snuff betwixt the Thumb for his Right Hand as he lay dead on the Mr. Seedwell said as to the manner of the Fact the Evidence had deposed; adding, that when he with him why he should kill his Servants, G - D - m you, I'll kill you all; and that had considerable struggling with him before they him; he endeavouring to have killed them that the Woman lay still and did not say or do any</p>
<p>confirm'd the generality of what had before deposed, adding, that when the sent up she bid her give her and her Masters Ser to him, and tell him they would both wait upon themselves immediately, and that the Maid came and when she spoke of her Husbands going up, the reply'd Madam, the Gentleman says he will my Masters, and she added, that when he killed the deceased, and they were endeavouring his Sword, he having it under his Arm, to wound any that should happen to be him</p>
<p>Surgeon deposed, that he being sent for found quite dead, and searching found 2 Wounds, in his Breast slanting 5 or 6 Inches but did not but another betwixt 1st and 2d Rib that the Body and Lungs.4 Fingers deep and he did verily believe was the cause of his Death.</p>
<p>The Prisoner in his defence pleaded, than being to of Town and next Day, he lay at the Bagnio to prevent the trouble, getting out early in the Morning might occasion the Family that about 2 Clock desired a Bath, that the Water coming to him, told him he should have one, and at other times told him he should have none, that he went away and locked him in; and in above quarter of an Hour they all came up and said he should have Bath but he turned out into the Street that Moment, that the refusing to go they all surrounded the Bed, laid Hands I on him, store his Ship and deceased gave him several blows, which brinsed him very much on his Side Arm and one of his Knuckles, that be thereupon thinking mischief was designed him, drew his Sword to defend himself, and the deceased repeating his blows, and unfortunately falling or stooping toward the Bed, this unfortunate Accident happen'd to a Man that he never had any difference with before. In proof of which he called the following Evidences.</p>
<p>S - W - deposed that the being at the place aforesaid, the Prisoner about Two of the Clock in the Morning knock'd and wou'd have a Bath, but the Waiter made. Answer, that there was a great Gentleman in the Bath and he could not till 5 in the Morning, and then he would call him, that he saying he would have one presently, the Waiter reply'd G - d D - m him for a Rascal he neither could nor should have any, to which the Prisoner reply'd that Gentlemen were not to be so abused, that upon this he arose and pushed the Waiter out of Doors, who lock'd the Door after him and lock'd them in that them knock'd again, and they came up and threat'ned to turn them out of Doors and that the Man at the Bedsfeet struck the Prisoner and she heard an out cry of Murder, and was afraid they should both be Murdered, and that she saw the Prisoner rise up in his Bed and Men holding him, that when the deceased lay dead on the Ground he had a dark colour'd Cane hanging on his Wrist by a black String, but she knew of no Sword in the Bed. nor saw any Wound given.</p>
<p>E - R - deposed, that she lodging that Night at the Bagnio, and hearing the disturbance, went to the Prisoners Room and saw the deceased lying on the Floor, and a Cane lying by him in the Room, and a Faggor-stick upon the Stairs hard by the Door of the Room, which last Circumstance as to the Faggor-stick was also confirm'd by another Evidence. The Walker who succeeded the deceased as Waiter at the Bagnio deposed, that a Gentleman that came to the Bagnio and enquired into the circumstances of the Fact, being Shew'd the Room in which it was done, examined the Door and Wainscot, and could not perceive any Marks of the 8 or 10 Passes made against it by the Prisoner, as had been deposed by. The Barberton alias Vernassel, and that he discoursing with Baberton about the breaking of his Ribbs, seeing him stript, saw no mark or appearance of any such thing and that Baberton when he asked him why he did not apply something to them, said they were not broke but bruis'd. And as to the deceased, besides an ill Character, and that he used to be abusive to Gentlemen, had been wounded not long before, at the Prosecutors could not deny. The Prisoner called several Evidences to prove that his Shirt was very much torn, this was confirmed by the Constable and Watchman that apprehended him, and also was produced in Court: He also called the Constable and Watchman and Several other Evidences who deposed, they did see a bruise on his Arm and also a hurt upon his Knuckles, and that they were bloody. He likewise called several Persons of Credit and Worth to his Reputation and peaceable demeanour, who gave him a very good Character. He also observed that little credit was to be given to the Evidence of Baberton alias Vernassel, who had swore that 3 or 4 of his Ribs were broke, when it was sworn By another Evidence that he himself owned his Ribs were not broken, but only that he was bruised, and that he owned in Court that he never had made use of any Surgeon,&c. on that account. Upon the hearing of the whole Matter, the Jury found him
<rs id="t17190115-49-verdict256" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17190115-49-verdict256" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> of all the Indictment, and he receiv'd
<rs id="t17190115-49-punish257" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17190115-49-defend231 t17190115-49-punish257"/> Sentence of Death </rs> accordingly. Before the receiving of which, being asked what he had to say, why Judgement should not pass upon him according to Law he spoke to the Court as followeth.</p>
<p>I submit my self to your Lordship and this Honourable Bench; and I beg only your honourable Favour and Regard that as she Witness's for me swore positively to my being assaulted and that the Jury (to my, great
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="171901150008"/> Misfortune) were not pleased to give Credit to the family your Lordship will make the most favourable Interpretation of it. But above all I desire your Lordship's notice, that there were many manifest Contradiction, in Vernassell's Evidence, and I may say Impossibilities in other of their Witnesses. Besides her denying on my Tryal that he did double lock the Door, which he swore he did before the Coroner, makes me with reason believe my Life has been maliciously sought; for I call God to Witness, I did not offer the least Violence to the Deceased till after I was struck and ill used by him. I submit my self to your Lordship, and hope your will make such favorable Report to his Majesty as may not obstruct, but leave room to apply to his Wisdom for Mercy.</p> </div1></div0>

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