<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 id="16810228" type="sessionsPaper" fragment="yes">
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t16810228-1">
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16810228001"/>
<xptr type="preceedingDiv" divtype="frontMatter" id="f16810228-1"/>
<xptr type="followingDiv" divtype="trialAccount" id="t16810228-2"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1" type="year" value="1681"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/16810228"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1" type="date" value="16810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t16810228-1-off2-c2" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-defend2 t16810228-1-off2 t16810228-1-verdict7"/>
<rs id="t16810228-1-deflabel1" type="occupation">MAjor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-defend2 t16810228-1-deflabel1"/>
<persName id="t16810228-1-defend2" type="defendantName"> Theophilus Oglethorp
<interp inst="t16810228-1-defend2" type="surname" value="Oglethorp"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-defend2" type="given" value="Theophilus"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-defend2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was Indicted, for the
<rs id="t16810228-1-off2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16810228-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> Murther of
<rs id="t16810228-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">Captain</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-victim4 t16810228-1-viclabel3"/>
<persName id="t16810228-1-victim4" type="victimName"> John Richardson
<interp inst="t16810228-1-victim4" type="surname" value="Richardson"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-victim4" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-victim4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-off2 t16810228-1-victim4"/> </persName> , a
<rs id="t16810228-1-viclabel4" type="occupation">Gentleman belonging to his Majesties Guards</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-victim4 t16810228-1-viclabel4"/> </rs>; the manner of which, according to the Evidence was, that they two on the
<rs id="t16810228-1-cd5" type="crimeDate">10th. of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-off2 t16810228-1-cd5"/> last, being at the Black Posts, near Charing-Cross, the Prisoner began a Health To the confusion of alldouble Hearts, who did not declare themselves as they meant, which the Deceased interpreting to be meant of him, flew into a violent Passion, and gave very gross language, which the Major not being longer able to endure, drew, as likewise the Captain, but not being suffered to hurt each other, they went from thence to the Cross Keys Tavern, where the heat continued so that the Deceased struck the Prisoner with his Cane, whereupon they left the House, and within three hours after met by
<placeName id="t16810228-1-crimeloc6">Clarendine house</placeName>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-crimeloc6" type="placeName" value="Clarendine house"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-crimeloc6" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16810228-1-off2 t16810228-1-crimeloc6"/>, where they drew upon each other, and made several Passes: And the Captain, 'ere any could come up to part them, was run into the Belly and out at the Back: and had receiv'd another Wound in his Back, of which the next Morning he Dyed: But the Evidence being no wayes able to prove a former Grudge or prepense Malice, the Jury found him
<rs id="t16810228-1-verdict7" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16810228-1-verdict7" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t16810228-1-verdict7" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> Guilty of Manslaughter </rs>.</p> </div1></div0>

View as Text