6th June 1821
Reference Numbert18210606-58
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation

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757. THOMAS CLARE was indicted, for that he, on the 31st of March , at St. James, Clerkenwell , feloniously did dispose of and put away, a certain forged and counterfeit Bank note, which is as follows - (1 l. No. 84,276, dated February the 14th, signed G. Gaudin) with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , well knowing it to be forged and counterfeit .

SECOND COUNT, for feloniously offering to John Cox , a like forged and counterfeit bank note, with a like intention, knowing it to be forged and counterfeit.

THIRD AND FOURTH COUNTS. The same, only calling it a promissory note for payment of money instead of a Bank note.

FOUR OTHER COUNTS. The same, only stating his intent to be to defraud the said John Cox .

JOHN COX . I keep a chandler's shop at Stepney Green, Middlesex . On the 31st of March, the prisoner came to my shop about a quarter before nine in the evening, and asked for half a pound of mixed tea, which came to 4 s., he tendered me a 1 l. Bank note, I looked at it by the candle, and surmised it to be bad, and asked if he had any change, he said, he had not, he said something about belonging to a ship; I called my daughter out to ascertain if it was the same signature as the one I took in the morning, she looked at it in my hand, and said it was the same signature, he must have heard it; I wrapped it up in my hand, walked round the counter, locked the door; I sent my daughter out at the side door, for the officer, he came with her, I unlocked the door, let him in, and gave him the note, he supposed it be bad, he kept it in his hand, and walked into the back room with the prisoner, my daughter marked it there, in their presence, Christian then marked it, and kept it, I had kept it in my hand till I gave it to him; I asked the prisoner no questions, but as I was looking at it by the candle, he said, he lived in Cow-lane; I had no more conversation with him.

ROBERT CHRISTIAN . I am headborough of Mile-end, Old-town; I was fetched to Cox, he gave a note into my hands, and said he suspected it to be a bad one, I kept it in my hands, and took the prisoner into the back room, and asked where he got it, he said he had it of a captain who he met with on the 'Change, and as he and the captain were going to the City Canal, he gave him the note, and sent him over for the tea, I searched but found nothing on him; Mr. Cox desired me to mark the note in his presence, and then I marked it (looking at it), this is it, it has my name, and 31st of March on it. and

" Mary Cox , Stepney Green," which she wrote in my presence.

MARY COX . I am the daughter of the prosecutor; I marked this note, the prisoner gave it to my father; I have heard my father's evidence, it is correct.

ELIZA BEVERIDGE . I live at No. 7, John's-row, St. Luke's, City-road, the prisoner's name is Thomas Clare , he came to lodge with me, with his wife, about a month after Christmas day, and lived about two months with me, until he was apprehended, his wife was apprehended at my house, about two months ago, I had seen him at my house on the Saturday morning as his wife was taken on the Tuesday morning.

EDWARD DYER . I keep a stationer's shop in Britannia-place, Commercial-road; on the 30th of March, the prisoner came and bought some books and stationery, which came to seven shillings, he gave me a 1 l. note, I asked his address, (looks at it) this is it, he gave his name as Thomas Johnson , that he belonged to the George, Capt. Adams, and lived at No. 25, High-street, Poplar, at the house of Mrs. Sims; I wrote on the note what he said,

" Thomas Johnson , George, Capt. Adams," on the front, and on the back

"at Mrs. Sims, No. 25, High-street, Poplar," and my name; I am positive this is it, I paid it away two or three days after, and had it returned to me after he was apprehended.

SARAH ANN SLATER . I live at No. 25, High-street, Poplar, and lived there on the 31st of March, I do not know the prisoner, he did not live at my house, I never remember seeing him.

CHARLES CHRISTMAS . I am an inspector of Bank notes, this note, No. 84,276 is forged in all respects, it purports to be signed Gordin, there was such a signing clerk, it is not his hand writing, (looks at No. 73,421) this is also forged in every respect, and off the same plate, and signed A. Consett, it is not his hand writing - they have been creased, but not used much.

GEORGE GORDIN . I am a cashier, the signature to them is not my writing.


Prisoner's Defence. (Written.) I went to the 'Change, a man came up, and asked if I wanted a situation, and said he wanted a young man, as steward. I agreed to enter on board the George, for 3 l. 10 s. a month - he said, he was going to the ship, and I might go with him, and see where she lay, I did so, we called at the Britannia, he gave me a 1 l. note, and said,

"Go over and buy some writing paper, and two volumes of Don Quixotte," which I did, and gave the address he told me; I gave him the paper, he said, it was the wrong sort, he told me to meet him next morning at a coffee-house, and I did, he gave me several parcels to carry to Stepney-green, then he gave me a 1 l. note, and sent me to buy one pound of tea, as there was none on board, I went in, not knowing the note was bad, an officer came in, I told him my captain was waiting outside for me, he would not believe me, but the officer, seemingly in liquor, insisted on taking charge of me - I thought my captain would come forward; I came home in January, in

the ship Nelson, and was paid ten guineas for wages; I had spent my money, and was seeking for a ship - this is a true statement of the case.

EDWARD DYER re-examined. I am sure he gave his name Thomas Johnson - he described himself as Johnson.

JOHN COX . Christian did not appear in liquor - but conducted himself as a sober man. I heard nothing about his Captain being outside.

ROBERT CHRISTIAN . I was not the least intoxicated, I do not think I had drank any thing all day; he said nothing to me about a captain waiting outside; in our way to the watch-house, I asked what he was, he said, he was a merchants' clerk.

GUILTY . - DEATH . Aged 22.

Recommended to mercy by Mr. DYER.

First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Garrow .

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