WILLIAM HENRY STANFORD.
12th April 1820
Reference Numbert18200412-116
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation
SentenceDeath

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466. WILLIAM HENRY STANFORD was indicted for, that he on the 29th of January , at Saint James, Clerkenwell, feloniously did dispose of and put away, a certain forged and counterfeited Bank note (setting it forth, No. 57711, dated March 16, 1819, 10 l. signed C. Phillips), with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , he well knowing the same to be forged and counterfeited .

SECOND COUNT, the same, only calling the forged instrument a promissory note for the payment of money, instead of a Bank note.

THIRD AND FOURTH COUNTS, the same, only stating the prisoner's intent to be to defraud John Tuson .

Counsel as before.

JOHN TUSON . I am a surgeon , and live in Percy-street, Rathbone-place . On Saturday, the 29th of January, about half-past eight o'clock at night, the prisoner called on me, and said he was recommended by Mr. Charles Ross , whom I knew. He consulted me professionally. I examined him and found little or nothing the matter with him, and told him so. He said he was going to be married and was particularly anxious respecting himself, and so I prescribed for him. He then asked what my fee was, I told him one guinea. He presented a 10 l. Bank note, and gave me his name, which I put on the note, with my initials and the date. I then sent my son out for change which I

gave to the prisoner (looks at a note), this is it, it has Stanford, with my initials, on it. He told me where he lived, but whether it was Newington or Kennington, I cannot say, but I recommended him to get the prescription made up at Godfrey's, in Southampton-street, as he would pass there on his way home. I gave him the whole 10 l. - he returned me a 1 l. note and 1 s. He said he was going to some place in Berkshire, on Tuesday, and promised to call on me on Monday, but did not. I did not see him again till I saw him at Marlborough-street, which was about three weeks after. He was about five minutes consulting me.

CATHERINE CANE . I live at No. 15, Craven-buildings, Drury-lane. On Thursday, the 16th of December, the prisoner was at my house, it was about two o'clock in the day. When I saw him, he was in Eliza Roberts 's room, who lodged with me. She was in the back room with another female, the prisoner and a young man named Stewart, were in the front room. They had ordered breakfast for four, and I assisted Eliza Garton , the servant, to take it up. They had come to my house about four o'clock in the morning, and did not rise till two in the afternoon. When breakfast was over the bell rang - I answered it. The prisoner gave me a 10 l. Bank note, and asked what there was to pay? the reckoning was 18 s. I came down and sent the servant with the note to Mr. Phillip's oil shop, in Drury-lane, to know if it was good. She returned, and I sent her to Messrs. Hodsolls', the bankers, to enquire there. While she was gone the bell rang, I answered it; and one of the young men told me to order a coach. The servant returned with the note, and in consequence of what she said, I went up and gave the change for the note into the prisoner's hands, and asked him to put his address on the note (looks at one), this is it. He put William Stanford , Sherard-street. The two men then went away together in the coach.

Q. What did you do with the note - A. I laid it on a shelf in a cupboard up stairs, and in the afternoon I changed it at Mr. Cameron's, where I went to redeem some plate. I am certain I gave him the same note. He also marked it.

Prisoner. Q. How long was the note out of my possession before you returned with the change - A. Half an hour or three-quarters. I did not perceive that he evinced any anxiety while she was gone for the change.

Q. Did you not see Stewart three or five days after I paid you the note - A. Yes. I had then received information from Cameron that the note was bad. I told Stewart of it (he was convicted last Sessions for passing bad notes), and he left me a pair of ear-rings and three rings, which Mr. Lees, the inspector, has got. He wanted the note back, I told him it was in the hands of Mr. Cameron, and sent there, but they were gone to bed. I have no doubt of the prisoner's person.

ELIZABETH GARTON . I was servant at this house in December last. Eliza Roberts lodged there. On the 16th of December, the prisoner came home with her from a ball, about four o'clock in the morning. Mr. Stewart and another lady were with them. They all four slept in the house, and got up between one and two o'clock in the afternoon. The bell rang, and they ordered breakfast for four - the two gentlemen were together, and the ladies in their bed-room. My mistress assisted me to take the breakfast up. After breakfast, my mistress gave me a note to enquire if it was good. I took it to Mr. Phillips; returned, and then took it to Messrs. Hodsolls', the bankers, and made enquiry. In consequence of the answer they gave me my mistress changed the note. I never lost sight of it till I returned it to her. I returned her the note she gave me. I am certain the prisoner is the person who was with Stewart. I saw him about four times while he was in the house.

ALEXANDER M'BETH. I am shopman to Mr. Cameron, pawnbroker, in the Strand. On the 16th of December, Mrs. Cane paid me this 10 l. note (looking at it), it has her name, residence, and the date on it, written by myself. I doubted it at the time, but took it on her responsibility. I paid it to Mr. Faulkner with other notes next morning, it was returned to me that evening (Friday the 17th), and I returned it to her that evening myself.

JOHN CLARKE . I am a waiter at the Blenheim coffee-house, Bond-street. On the 18th of December, about half-past eleven o'clock at night, the prisoner came in company with George Stewart , who was afterwards apprehended. They sat down in the same box together, opposite each other, and called for a bottle of claret. I served them, they had pen, ink, and paper. When I drew the cork, I observed that the prisoner had a dirty shirt on, which did not look like a gentleman. They wrote notes across the table to each other. I looked through the curtain and saw on a piece of paper which Stewart wrote to Stanford,

"Do not drink so fast." They called for another bottle. I said my master was gone to bed, as I did not wish to serve them. They saw me with some negus, and asked for some. I gave them each a glass. They asked what was to pay? I said 14 s. Stanford gave me a 10 l. note, which he took loose from his right-hand waistcoat pocket. I said I did not think that I had sufficient change. I took it to the bar to my master, and told him what I had observed, and he declined changing it, and I took it back to the prisoner. He said he had no way of paying unless that was changed. I returned with it to my master; he examined it by another; and at last changed it. I gave them the change; I did not mark the note, but should know it again, it was so particularly marked I thought it unnecessary (looks at one), this is it. It was stained with red ink, and there is a mark at the top which I particularly remember.

Prisoner. Q. Why did you refuse me another bottle - A. Because I did not like appearances. I did not ask his address, as I had every reason to suppose he would not give a correct one.

JAMES FOSBURY . I keep the Blenheim coffee-house. I remember Clarke bringing a 10 l. note to me. He first came for a bottle of claret, which I delivered to him. He came for a second, but in consequence of what he said I refused it. He brought me a 10 l. note. I marked it as I did not like it (looks at one), this is it. I put W, for waiter, and F. for my name on it.

THOMAS CONNELLY . I am in the house of Mr. Jarman, who is a jeweller, in the Strand. On the 21st of December, between five and seven o'clock in the evening, the prisoner came to the shop, and asked to see some seals - he bought a gold seal and key; he then offered me a 10 l.

note. On first sight I thought it was bad. However I examined it very minutely, and saw it was more perfect than many I had seen, and from that, and his genteel appearance, I was induced to take it. They came to four guineas. I gave him the change, and shewed him some pins, he paid me 12 s. in silver, for one. I observed a stain on the note, and the name of Tomlinson and Co. on it, before I took it. I did not ask his address.

Q. When did you see him again - A. At Marlborough-street. I kept the note in my possession till I produced it there, and then marked it. My employers were in France, and as I doubted it I would not pay it away - (looks at one) - this is the indentical note I took of the the prisoner.

CHARLES WATHEN . I am a waiter at Payne's Hotel, Brook-street, Bond-street. On Sunday, the 2d of January, I saw the prisoner at the Nelson Inn, North Cheam, where I then lived; he came in a horse and chaise, with another young man, they came into the house, and remained three-quarters of an hour, or an hour. The reckoning came to 9 s. 6 d. - the prisoner gave me a 10 l. Bank note, I took it to my master, at the bar, he could not change it. I then took it to a person named Lott, who keeps the tap at the inn, Mrs. Lott gave me a 5 l. and four 1 l. notes, and 1 l. in silver; I brought the change back, put it on the table, the prisoner took it up, and was going to put it into his pocket, when his companion said,

"It is my change," and took it. They staid about ten minutes longer, gave me half a crown, and went away in the chaise together, to Epsom; they ordered dinner to be got for four persons on the Wednesday following. I was frequently in the room, and have no doubt of his person.

AMEY LOTT. My husband keeps the tap of the Nelson inn, I remember early in January, the last witness brought me a 10 l. note, I gave him change, took the note up stairs, and put it into the drawer - there were two more 10 l. notes in the drawer; they were rolled together with some smaller ones. I put this by itself. I had no loose 10 l. notes in the drawer, except this. I locked the drawer, and always kept the key myself. I paid the same note to Mr. Taylor, who is clerk to Mr. Earl, of Kingston. I put no mark on it myself.

JAMES TAYLOR . I am clerk to Mr. Earl, who is a corn-dealer, at Kingston. Lott is a customer of ours. On the 13th of January, I called on him for a bill of 17 l. 12 s. 6 d. Mrs. Lott brought the money down to him, and he gave me a 10 l., and seven 1 l. Bank notes, and 12 s. 6 d. in silver. I marked them all at the time I received them (looks at one), this is the 10 l. note she paid me. It has Lott, Cheam, January the 13th, and J. T. my initials.

MARIA BROOKS . In February last, I was servant to Mr. Braham, Euston-street, Euston-square, New Road. He keeps a private house - the prisoner lodged there for three weeks. He gave me a note which I did not look at. He said it was a 10 l. note, and told me to go and pay Mr. Lunn's bill, at the public-house, and bring him back the change - the note was open. I took it over and gave it to Mr. Lunn, jun. He deducted the bill, and gave me a 5 l. and three 1 l. notes, with some silver. I brought the change back and put it on the prisoner's table. He took the notes up, and asked me to get him five 1 l. notes for the 5 l. note, as it was a very old one. I did so, and gave them to him. I never changed a 10 l. note for him before. He went away about an hour after, and left no direction where he was gone to. I did not see him again till he was in custody. I believe he left on the 3d of February.

Prisoner. Q. You was aware that I was going away - A. Yes; he told me to pay the publican as he was going. I believe it was on a Wednesday evening - he discharged his bills weekly.

GEORGE LUNN . I am the son of Richard Lunn , who keeps the Euston Arms, Euston-street. On the 3d of February, about seven o'clock in the evening, Brooks gave me a 10 l. note to pay Stanford's bill, which was between 1 l. and 2 l. I gave her the change and marked the note directly, this is it - (looking at it) - it has

"Stanford, No. 18, Euston-street," on it. I gave her a 5 l. and 3 l. notes. I never changed a note for the prisoner before. The 5 l. note was an old ragged note. She brought it back, and I gave her five 1 l. notes for it.

HENRY MILLER . I am a solicitor, and live at Froome, Somersetshire. On the 5th of February, I was at the Sussex Hotel, Bouverie-street, and was desired to assist in securing the prisoner - he was out then. I went up into the sitting-room, where I found a young woman. There was another in the bed-room; both rooms looked into the street - the other woman came into the room. I took my station at the window, and they both went up into the bedroom. In consequence of information, I insisted on their coming down, and placed them at the back part of the room that they should not look out of the window. I placed myself so as to look out of the window without being seen. I did not see the prisoner in the street, he came into the room. I immediately went to him and charged him with uttering a 10 l. Bank of England note, knowing it to be forged. I did not tell him to whom he uttered it. He said I must be mistaken in the person, for he never changed a 10 l. Bank of England note in his life - I am perfectly sure that he said so. I kept him waiting till Mr. Ross came. He then told him he had uttered a 10 l. note to Mr. Tuson, and shewed him the note. He then admitted that he had paid it to Mr. Tuson, but added, that he had given his right name and address. I had two constables in waiting - I called them in, and delivered him up to them. He asked if he might be allowed to have some dinner, I permitted him. He then wished the constables to withdraw, which I permitted - I and Mr. Ross remained with him, I believe the young women were not there. He asked Mr. Ross, what end he could have in prosecuting him? and said he was the only man that could possibly save his brother, but if Mr. Ross persisted in what he was doing, he would turn against his brother, and nothing would save him (a person named Charles Ross was then in custody). I left him with the officers and proceeded to the Bank Solicitors' office. When I returned he held a full glass of wine in his hand, and asked if a guilty man could hold a glass so steadily. He was abusive, and was taken off in a coach.

Prisoner. Q. Can you be positive that I did not say I never passed a bad note - A. The impression on my mind was that he never changed a 10 l. Bank of England note. I did not mention Mr. Tuson's name to him.

HUGH ROSS . I am a solicitor, and live in Wardrobe-place, Doctors' Commons. On the 5th of February, I went

to the Sussex hotel, the prisoner was not then within, he afterwards came in; he was in the custody of Mr. Miller. On my entering the room I charged him with passing a forged 10 l. Bank of England note; he said he had done no such thing. I said I had a charge of that nature against him. He asked to whom he had passed it? I told him to Dr. Tuson, of Percy-street, Rathbone-place. He said he believed he had passed a 10 l. note to Dr. Tuson, but he was not aware that it was forged, and that he had given his right name - he might have said that he gave his residence also, but I am not certain. I gave him in charge; he wished the officers to withdraw, they did so; he then said it would be of no service to me to prosecute him for this note, but that ultimately it might do me much mischief; that he was enabled to help my brother's case very materially, and that he was the only person who could do it (my brother was in custody on a charge of this nature). He said, if I suffered him to depart in the present instance he should feel grateful for it, as I must be aware it was a case that would at any rate affect his liberty, and perhaps his life; and if I would not comply, he should be compelled to be hostile, which I understood to mean respecting my brother.

Q. Had you any transactions with him yourself - A. Never. I saw him once by accident, but did not then know his name. He said a great deal more, which I do not recollect. I afterwards saw him at dinner, as Mr. Miller has stated.

Prisoner. Q. Did I not tell you that it was a serious charge, but under the mysterious circumstances of my being connected with your brother, I had not an opportunity of proving my innocence - A. I believe he did, and he held out to me that he could be of service to my brother.

WILLIAM WILLIAMS . I occupy Nos. 10 and 11, Sherard-street, Golden-square; the prisoner lodged at No. 11, with his wife; they came there in September, and went away on a Friday. Plank and another officer came after him, with a jeweller from Bond-street; when he heard they had been he never came back - this was on the 17th or 18th of December.

Prisoner. Q. Who told me they had been - A. I do not know, but his wife was at home when they came. He might go up stairs without my knowing it. I watched for him, but could not see him. I made a seizure the next day, and turned his wife out. I had given him warning five weeks before, but could not get rid of him.

THOMAS GLOVER . I am an inspector of Bank notes - I have been so twenty-six years. The note uttered to Mr. Tuson is forged in every respect, and is not the signature of C. Phillips, which it purports to bear. The others are also forged in every respect, and appear all to be impressed from the same plate. They are all signed Kensall (excepting that uttered to Mr. Tuson), but are not his writing.

CHARLES PHILLIPS . I am a cashier at the Bank, and sign 10 l. notes. There is no other of my name. The note is not signed by me.

(The note was here put in and read.)

Prisoner's Defence. I have heard the evidence, which requires no ordinary mind to disconnect. I admit passing the notes, but you will find I gave no false names or addresses to them. I might have told Dr. Tuson that I was going to Kennington. Mrs. Cane did not bring me the change for three-quarters of an hour; but there is no evidence of my betraying any fear; and I will leave you to judge whether, in the course of passing six notes, there is sufficient to prove that I knew them to be forged, further than bare suspicion. Misfortune drove me to the life I have followed, which was depending on the chance of a billiard-table. I am aware that was not a reputable life, but I trust you will allow that in that life I may have taken the notes in question. You will see whether I passed the notes for any unnecessary articles - one was for wine, another for jewellery, and a third was to pay the publican. The bare suspicion of my knowing them to be forged, is not sufficient to prove me guilty of an offence which I am to suffer death for. The officers who apprehended me have not been called. -

MR. SERGEANT BOSANQUET. My Lord, they shall be called, if the prisoner wishes it.

THOMAS SMITH . I am an officer. I apprehended the prisoner.

Prisoner. Q. Did you find any bad notes on me - A. No. I went into his bed-room, and found nothing but six duplicates.

EDWARD HASKIN . I am an officer, and assisted in apprehending the prisoner. I found 12 s. 6 d. on him, but no notes.

Prisoner (in continuation.) It was my determination to plead Guilty, but the Court advised me not, and I put myself on my trial, not for the purpose of vindication, but that I might address you. I have made application to the Bank, with a full confession that I passed the notes, and praying their mercy on account of my youth, and having had no paternal protector since the age of sixteen. I wished to make every atonement in my power. Various misrepresentations have been made to influence their opinion. I have nothing but death before me, having been denied their clemency. Instead of my being the leader of a desperate gang, I was only the instrument of Stewart - he took advantage of my distresses; my wife and myself had not bread to eat for two days. Stewart said if I could pass bad notes he could get them for me. I was provided with one, and passed that; he got me another. He was apprehended in a day or two, and laid the blame on me; he was allowed to be transported for fourteen years. I was then sure that the officers were after me - I had no money to leave the country, and was led to the desperate resolution of passing more, to raise money to leave the country; at this time I became acquainted with Mr. Ross (the brother of the witness, who has only done his duty) - I informed him of my situation, and that the officers were after me - he was living with his father at home, enjoying a comfortable house and everything he wished for. He said if I would suffer him to join me, he would pass sufficient notes to get us both out of the country. I suffered him to participate in it, he passed notes with me, and through the means of his brother's taking me, he was allowed the clemency of the Bank; and I suppose, from misrepresentations on my character, I am to be cast for death. I now throw myself entirely on their mercy, and

perhaps, before I suffer I shall detail the circumstances more particularly, and shew that I deserve the same mercy as others.

GUILTY . - DEATH . Aged 20.

Recommended to Mercy by Mr. Tuson and the Jury, on account of his youth.

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Sergeant.


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