EDWARD VOSS, DENNIS KEATON.
1st December 1819
Reference Numbert18191201-50
VerdictGuilty; Guilty
SentenceDeath; Death

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49. EDWARD VOSS , and DENNIS KEATON were indicted for that they, on the 6th of September, at St. James, Clerkenwell, feloniously did dispose of and put away, a certain forged and counterfeit Bank note - (setting it forth, No. 75720, 5 l., dated September, 22, 1819, signed J. Kensall) - with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , they well knowing the same to be forged and counterfeit .

SECOND COUNT, the same, only stating the forged instrument to be a promissory note for the payment of money, instead of a Bank note.

TWO OTHER COUNTS, the same, only stating their intent to be to defraud Robert Lawrence .

Counsel for the prosecution, MR. SERGEANT BOSANQUET, MR. REYNOLDS and MR. BOLLAND.

CATHARINE HUMBLETON . I am servant to Robert Lawrence , who keeps the Red Lion, public-house , at Hampton. On Sunday, the 26th of September, about two o'clock, the two prisoners came in a one horse chaise, with a woman - the chaise drove up to the door. Keaton came in, and asked if his master could dine there that day? I said Yes, and he went out again. All three came in, and were shewn into a room, where they ordered dinner - I laid the cloth, and waited on them at dinner; they all three dined together. Directly after dinner they ordered the bill, which I took them - the amount was 14 s. 3 d. The prisoner, Voss, gave me a 5 l. Bank of England note, and told me to take the bill.

Q. How was he dressed - A. As a naval officer, in a uniform coat. I took the note to my master, who was outside the door, and asked him if I should ask the name? He said, No, he wished he had a hundred of them. I gave him the note, and he gave me four 1 l. notes, and 4 s. 9 d. in change, which I gave to Voss; he gave me 1 s., and ordered the horse to be put to. They went away - they staid there about an hour and a half.

Cross-examined by MR. ANDREWS. Q. Do you swear they are the same persons, though they are differently dressed - A. Yes, I am sure they are the same - we had not much company that day. I gave the note to my master - he had no other note in his hand; he stood at the street door; I saw him give the note to my mistress at the bar. I do not know what she did with it.

ROBERT LAWRENCE . I keep the Red Lion, public-house, at Hampton, in Middlesex. On Sunday, the 26th of September, I saw the prisoners at my house with a young woman - they dined there. I went into the room once while they were at dinner - they were all sitting down to dinner.

Q. Did you receive any note from your servant - A. Yes, a 5 l. Bank note. I looked at it to see if it was good, approved of it, and gave it to my wife to write on, which she did in my presence. I know her hand-writing - this is it - (looking at it) - it has,

" Stranger, P W L , September 26, 1819." She returned me the note, and I saw that she had written that on it; I gave the change to my servant. The party went away a very little time after. My wife now lays in.

Cross-examined. Q. You told your servant it was a good note - A. I said I wished I had a hundred of them - I thought it was a good one. My wife did not go to the till; I did not compare it with another note. I had no other 5 l. note.

COURT. Q. Did you part with it - A. I paid it to Meux and Co., my brewers, on the Wednesday following; it was returned to me as forged that day month, when the clerk came to collect again. My wife took no other 5 l. note that day.

Q. Did you pay the brewer any other 5 l. note - A. I am not certain.

ANN MORTIMORE . I keep the Boston Arms, public-house, at Turnham Green, in Middlesex. On Sunday, the 26th of September, about four or five o'clock in the afternoon - I cannot exactly say the time, the prisoner, Voss, I am certain, came in a one horse chaise with another young man, and a young woman.

Q. You are not certain as to the other lad - A. No, I think it was the same, but cannot swear to him, Two men came up, at the same time; one of them said,

"This young man (meaning Voss) has fallen out, and hurt his arm." Voss said he had hurt his arm, and wished to have something to rub it with - the party went into my parlour together; I took him some vinegar, and rubbed his arm myself. He called for some brandy and water, which he had, he then ordered each of the other men a glass of rum. He said

"Give each of these men a bottle of rum," I said,

"Why, I dare say they don't desire a bottle of rum each." He said,

"Yes, give them each a bottle of rum, for I don't wish any one to do any thing for me without being paid for it." I gave them each a bottle; the reckoning came to about 10 s. 8 d. Voss came to the bar, and gave me a 5 l. note. I said,

"Sir, I have not got change in the house for a 5 l. note." He said,

"You must get me change, for I have no small change to pay you." I then called my man, Stephens, who held the horse at the door, and told him to go to Mr. Ward's, my baker, for change. I gave him the note, and he brought the change. I put it on the counter, and Voss took it up.

- Q. Did you ask his name and address - A. I gave him a pen and ink to write, but whether he did or not, I do not know - they then went away; the note came back to me as forged. Voss was dressed in a midshipman's uniform.

Cross-examined. Q. What did you do with it after it was brought back - A. I gave it to Mr. Christmas. I am sure Voss is the man, who wore the naval uniform. The other two men were not at the bar when he gave me the note. I can swear Voss was the man.

MR. BOLLAND. Q. You rubbed his arm - A. Yes; he took his coat off - I noticed his coat. I talked very little to him.

COURT. Q. Which way did the chaise come - A. The Brompton Road way, which would be the way from Hampton.

JAMES STEPHENS . I am servant to the last witness. On the 26th of September I remember the prisoners coming, I can swear to Voss, but not to the other; Voss was in a midshipman's dress, the other was a lad the same size as Keaton - to the best of my knowledge he is the person, but I will not swear to him; a young woman was in the chaise with them. Two men came up at the same time. The party went into the parlour, and I held the horse.

Q. Did your mistress call you in - A. Yes. When Voss came to the bar to pay her, she called me, and gave me a 5 l. note, which I carried to Mr. Ward - it was the same note, and he gave me change.

JOHN WARD . I am a baker, and live at Turnham Green. I remember Stephens coming to my house to change the note - (looks at it) - this is it. I wrote on it,

"Mrs. Mortimore, September 26, 1819" - I wrote this on it at the time I received it. I took no other note that day.

Cross-examined. Q. Had you any other 5 l. note that day - A. I cannot say. I wrote on it the moment I received it.

WILLIAM ROBERT READER . I keep the Three Pigeons,

public-house, at Stratford Green. On the 30th of September I remember Voss coming to my house with another young man, whom I cannot swear to - he was the same size as Keaton.

Q. Are you sure it was not Keaton - A. I have every reason to believe he is the same person - I have no doubt but he is the same; they came between two and four o'clock in a one horse chaise. Voss was dressed in a naval uniform. When they first drew up to the door, the younger one got out, and asked me if I sold wine? I said Yes. Voss got out, and went into the parlour - both came into the house. Voss asked for a bottle of Port and one of sherry, which I served - it came to 12 s. 9 d. with the bottles. Voss offered me a 5 l. note, which he took out of a pocket-book. I said I was not sure whether I could change it; the young one took the wine, and I went to get change.

Q. When you said you was not sure whether you could give change, what did he say - A. He said,

"Can you change a 15 l. note I then?" - I saw another note with the 5 l. note. I asked him for his address; he gave me,

"Mr. Wilson, near the stairs, Blackwall" - (looks at a note) - this is it; I wrote that on it; I gave him the change, and nothing more passed. He said he should want four bottles more as he returned, but I saw no more of him. I wrote on it in his presence.

Cross-examined. Q. When he gave you the note, the lad was not by - A. No, he was putting the wine into the chaise.

Q. You cannot speak with certainty to the young one - A. I have no doubt of him from his size and appearance.

Q. Is it not from hearing circumstances from witnesses, rather than from your own observation that you say he is the man - A. No, it is entirely from my own observation. I will not swear to him, but I entertain no doubt - he was not by when I gave Voss the change.

GEORGE JUDGE. I am waiter at the Angel, public-house, at Ilford, kept by Mrs. Ashmole; it is nine miles from the Three Pigeons, public-house - I know Voss. On the 30th of September I saw him with a lad.

Q. Look at the other prisoner - what is your belief - A. He is about the same size. I cannot say whether he is or is not the other.

Q. Where did you see Voss - A. At the Angel, at Ilford, in the street - I stood at the gateway. They came up together in a one horse chaise, from the London way; they went a little way by the gateway, and then stopped - it was between three and four o'clock, as near as I can guess; Voss was dressed as a naval officer. He turned his head round, and said,

"Waiter, can I have any thing to eat here?" I said,

"Yes, you can." He said,

"You had better draw the chaise into the yard" - I said,

"Yes, it will be safer there" - they did so. Voss got out, and I shewed him into a room up stairs; the lad dined with him there. I asked Voss if he would have hot or cold? He said he should like a nice rump steak, and I ordered it. He rang the bell, and told me to send the lad up stairs, which I did; he rang the bell afterwards, and ordered a bottle of wine, which I took him - they then had their dinner, and a pot of ale; the reckoning came to 11 s. Voss gave me a 5 l. note, which I took to my mistress immediately, and she gave me three 1 l. notes, and 1 l. 9 s. in silver. I took it up to him, and he gave me 1 s., followed me down stairs, and drove towards London. They were there about three quarters of an hour.

Cross-examined. Q. You put no name on it - A. No. The young man acted as servant, and attended the gig - he was in the room when I took the change, and when the note was paid. They both came down stairs together.

SARAH ASHMOLE . I keep the Angel, at Ilford. On the 30th of September, I remember the last witness bringing a 5 l. note into the bar to me to change; I had seen two gentlemen pass the bar, but did not know them - the reckoning came to 11 s. I put the note in the till, and gave him the change; I locked the till - it was about half-past three o'clock. I had no other 5 l. note then, and took no other that day. I took it out at night, took it up stairs for safety, and brought it down again the next morning; I had no other 5 l. note. Next day Mr. Christmas called upon me, and I shewed him the same note, marked it while he was present, and he took it. This is it - (looking at it).

Cross-examined. Q. Do you mean you had no other 5 l. note that day - A. Not Bank of England; I had a 5 l. Romford note. I did not mark it till I saw Mr. Christmas.

ANN STOKES . My father keeps the Green Gate, at Plaistow.

Q. Did either of the prisoner's come to your father's house - A. Yes, both of them. I only know Voss; another was with him, about the same size as Keaton - Voss was dressed in a naval uniform. The boy asked if we sold wine? I said we did - they came in a gig. Voss then got out, came into the bar, and asked for two bottles of wine, which came to 13 s. 8 d. - the boy did not come into the house. He paid me a 5 l. note; I examined it - I was some time at the bar. He came out of the parlour, and I told him I was fearful I could not change it. He said it was a very good one, that I need not be afraid, for he had it at the Bank that morning; that satisfied me, and I changed it. I took it up stairs immediately, and put it into the drawer, out of which I took some other notes to give him change. I laid the note on the top, locked the drawer, came down, and gave him the change. They went away.

Q. Some time after that you had some information - A. Two persons came the same day, and asked me if I had changed a note? I said Yes, and sent my sister, Louisa, to fetch it down - I gave her the key. She brought me a 5 l. note down, and it was examined.

Q. Did you write on it - A. Yes, an hour after; I never lost sight of it, and am sure it is the note my sister brought me. This is it - (looking at it). I wrote on it,

"Stranger, September 30, A S." I then sent after the prisoners, but could not have them overtaken.

Cross-examined. Q. How many 5 l. notes had you - A. I do not think I had any; I rubbed the note when Voss stood at the door. I thought him a suspicious character, and rubbed it.

Q. Perhaps you always rub them - A. Sometimes, not always - (the note had the appearance of having been rubbed).

LOUISA STOKES . My sister sent me up stairs to bring the top note down, which I did - it was a 5 l. note. I gave it to her immediately.

Cross-examined. Q. Did you notice whether the next note was a 5 l. or 1 l. - A. I did not.

MABEL COBLEY . I am the wife of Thomas Cobley , who keeps the Abbey Arms , at Plaistow; the prisoners both came to our house on the 30th of September; both came to my door in a single horse chaise, about five o'clock. Voss was dressed in a uniform.

Q. How was the other dressed - A. I cannot particularly say. I noticed his features more than his dress; he appeared like a servant to Voss. Voss asked for a bottle of Port wine and one of sherry, which I gave to him, and told him not to shake it. He said that was of no consequence, and put it into the seat of the chaise; he was at the door with a little pocket-book in his hand, and appeared to have more notes. I saw a 20 l. and a 5 l. note - he gave me the 5 l. note, and I gave him the change. I threw the note on the table, and asked a friend, who was in the bar, what he thought of it? He thought it a good one. I marked it September 30., and blotted it - (looks at it) - this is is it; it has,

"September 30, M. Cobley," in my hand-writing - I gave it to Mr. Christmas, the Bank inspector. I am positive it was never out of my sight.

Cross-examined. Q. Did you not send your servant with it to a neighbour to ask if it was good - A. No, it was never out of my sight until I marked it.

COURT. Q. Look at the lesser boy, and say if you think him the other one - A. I have not the smallest doubt; I took particular notice of them both. I wrote on the note directly.

Q. Was Keaton by at the time Voss paid you - A. They were both at the door. I think he must have seen him pay me, and have seen me give change. He was not attending to the gig, for the hostler was minding that.

HARRIET HODGSON. I keep the Britannia, at Limehouse. On the 30th of September, Voss, I am certain, came to my house with another - I do not speak positively to Keaton, It was a lad very much like him - they were in a one horse chaise. About six o'clock in the evening, they passed the door a very little way, then came back and got out; the horse's head was towards London. Both came in, and asked if I had any good wine? I said I had. Voss ordered a bottle of white and one of red; he paid me a 5 l. note - the lad was out of doors, when he paid me. I called to my sister for a pen and ink, and asked him his name? He said he was lame in his right hand, for he had hurt it, and requested me to write it. I asked him his name again? He said,

"Brown, No. 15, Oxford Road." I handed the note to my sister, and saw her write that on it. This is it - (looking at it) - they then went away. I know of no Oxford Road, East.

EMMA DENT . I am Mrs. Hodgson's sister, and live with her; I remember two person's coming. The largest asked for two bottles of wine - they came in a single horse chaise on the 30th of September, about six o'clock in the evening; my sister gave him the wine, and he paid her a 5 l. note. She asked him his name and address? and he gave her,

"Brown, No. 15, Oxford Road," which I wrote on it. This is it - (looking at it) - it is in my handwriting,

"Mr. Brown, No. 15, Oxford Road. H. Hodgson, 30 - 8." I put 8 instead of 9, but I am certain it was in September.

STEPHEN HANWORTH. I am servant to Mrs. Hodgson. On the 30th of September, I remember Voss coming in a chaise with another young lad about the same size as Keaton. Voss asked if my mistress sold wine? and I said Yes. He went to the bar window, and asked for two bottles of wine; my mistress served him - he brought them to the door, and said,

"Here, Jack, take these two bottles." He took them in the chaise, and put them in a case made on purpose.

Q. Did you see the inside of the chaise - A. Yes, it seemed to be a tin case for bottles; he had several bottles in it - there might be about a dozen. They went away.

ISABELLA PARNELL. I am the wife of James Parnell , who keeps the Fir Tree, public-house, in Church-lane, Whitechapel. On the 30th of September I remember Voss coming in a naval uniform - he came in a chaise about a quarter before seven o'clock in the evening; I did not see the chaise or the boy. I first saw Voss in the bar, and heard him call out,

"Jack! drive up" - it was dark. Voss came and stood at the bar, and asked for a bottle of Port wine and one of sherry - they came to 13 s. 6 d. He was served, and said if it was approved of, he would send his servant for some more to-morrow; he paid me a 5 l. note, took she bottles in his hand, called out,

"Jack," and said he was stupid, and would not come in. He went to the door with the wine himself. I asked him for his address? and he gave me,

" William Davis , No. 15, Tower-hill," which I wrote on it. I wrote, Mr. Davis, and immediately after that, I wrote William Davis - (looks at one) - this is it, it has

"Mr. Davis, No. 15, Tower-hill," and after that

" William Davis , September 30." I gave him the change and he went away.

Cross-examined. Q. The young man remained at the door with the chaise - Q. Yes, it was dark - I never saw him.

JOSEPH EDWARDS . I am shopman to James Bramwell who is a hatter, and lives at No. 146, Leadenhall-street. On the 30th of September, I remember two men coming to my master's shop - I am positive to the short one, Keaton I have no doubt of the other - he was dressed in a naval uniform; they came with a horse and gig, about seven o'clock in the evening, or a little after; the one in the uniform spoke first. He wanted a silk hat, and I fitted him He then called the young one by some christian name, and he came in. Voss told me to fit him with one too. I wished to persuade him to have a beaver one, but he said they only wanted it for a Sunday or two, while on shore and would have a silk one - I fitted Keaton. The elder one took a pocket-book out of his pocket, and gave me a 5 l. Bank note - he had another note, which I think was a 50 l.; he gave me the 5 l. note. I immediately took it to Mr. Shuttleworth, who is a neighbour, and he gave me four 1 l. notes, and 1 l. in silver for it. I returned, and gave the elder one two 1 l. notes, and 1 l. in silver. I gave Keaton the two hats, and he put them into the gig.

JOHN FOY . I am an officer. I apprehended the prisoners, and took a hat off Keaton's head, on the 4th of November, at his examination, which I produce.

JOSEPH EDWARDS re-examined. It is the hat I sold Keaton.

Cross-examined. Q. Both the hats were paid for out of the 5 l. note - A. Yes; Keaton was in the shop when I gave the change, and when the 5 l. note was paid.

CHARLES SHUTTLEWORTH . I live within six doors of Bramwell. On the 30th of September, about ten minutes

after seven o'clock, I received a 5 l. note from Edwards. I marked it immediately - (looks at it) - this is it; it has

"I. B. September 30," on it; which I wrote when he brought it to me, before I mixed it. It was in my possesion until the 16th of October.

Cross-examined. Q. Did you receive any other note from him that day - A. Certainly not.

CHARLES COX . I am a tailor, and live in St. Martin's-lane. On a Thursday in September - I think it was the 30th, about half-past six o'clock in the evening, the prisoner, Voss, and a lad about the same size as Keaton, came to me - I am sure Voss was one. He ordered a superfine blue coat, a black kerseymere waistcoat, and a pair of blue trowsers; they were for the lad. I measured him, and the clothes were to be ready on the Friday evening.

Q. Do you remember the day of the month - A. I cannot be positive, but it was on a Thursday at the latter end of September. I got the clothes ready on the Friday; they came to six guineas; the two prisoners came for them. They waited in the shop about a quarter of an hour - I cannot say whether they had any conversation. Voss gave me a 5 l. note and 6 s. in silver, and the lad gave me a 1 l. note. They took the clothes away with them.

Q. How did they come - A. I believe they walked; I gave my wife the 5 l. note, and did not mark it. She was by my side I think, and I gave it to her. She put it into a bag in my bureau, but I did not see her.

JOHN FOY re-examined. I produce a coat and waistcoat, which I took from Keaton on the 4th of November.

CHARLES COX re-examined. I can swear to them as being made for that order at my house.

Cross-examined. Q. Voss gave you the note - A. Yes. The boy gave me the 1 l. note. To the best of my knowledge, Voss said to him,

"Come, let us see what you have got." I had told them what they would come to, when they ordered them.

CECELIA COX . I am the wife of the last witness. I can speak positively to Voss coming with another person. I rather think Keaton is the same, but cannot say exactly. They came the last day in September.

Q. How long ago was it - A. Two months, and the last day of the month. About six o'clock they came, and ordered a suit of clothes - the little one was measured for them. I was there the next day, Friday, when they paid for them. Voss gave Cox a 5 l. note and 6 s., and the little one gave him a 1 l. note. I took them, and put them into a canvas bag, which I put into the bureau; I had no other 5 l. note in the house - I stood by Mr. Cox, and saw him take it of Voss. I took it of him. It was taken out of the bureau on Saturday, and I paid it to William Giddens 's, our foreman.

Cross-examined. Q. The 1 l. note was good - A. It has not been back.

COURT. Q. Did they walk to your house - A. They walked. It was dark when they came to order them - it was six o'clock, they walked then.

Q. How long had you lit your candles - A. About an hour.

Q. Do you remember what time it becomes dark on the last day of September - A. We do not light candles till it is quite dark, and we had lit them, I think, about an hour. We had lit them both in the sitting-room and workshop. I think it gets dark between four and five o'clock.

Q. Why, the sun does not set till near six - A. We do not light them till it is quite dark.

CHARLES COX re-examined. I cannot say whether we had lit candles when they came the first night.

WILLIAM GIDDENS . I am foreman at Mr. Cox's, which is within one house of the Strand. On Saturday, the 2d of October, Mrs. Cox gave me a 5 l. note, I paid it to Mr. Bohn, the landlord of the Percy Arms , to pay the men. I can swear to the coat produced being made at our house, by the collar - it was made in a hurry. We had a coarse collar made up for a coat, and I took off the coarse top and put on a fine cover, that it might suit this coat and be done to the time.

Cross-examined. Q. How long had you the note before you paid it - A. Five or ten minutes. I had no other 5 l. note. The clothes were to be delivered on the Friday before the Saturday that I received it.

CHRISTIAN BOHN . I keep the Percy Arms , St. Martin's-lane. I received this note - (looks at it) - from Giddens on the 2d of October. I have wrote Cox, 10 - 2 - 19. I marked it immediately.

RUBEN OAKSHOT . I am a shoemaker, and live at Chatham. On the 6th of October I remember Keaton coming to my shop about half-past seven o'clock in the evening; he was dressed in a naval uniform. While he was there, I saw Voss looking through the window; he was dressed in a blue great coat, buttoned very close round his throat, and appeared as if he was examining the shoes through the window, while I was serving Keaton. From his appearance I judged him to be a master's mate.

Q. What did Keaton ask for - A. A pair of boots - I had none to fit him; he then asked for a pair of shoes, I fitted him with them. He gave me a 5 l. Bank note, I requested him to write his name on it, he said he could not write. I asked his name and address? he told me his name was Johnson, and he belonged to the Royal frigate, which I wrote on the note before him - (looks at it). I wrote,

"Mr. Johnson, Royal frigate, R. O." I afterwards wrote the rest of my name. The shoes came to 8 s. 6 d. I gave him the change.

JOHN EVEREST . I produce a pair of shoes found in a bundle.

RUBEN OAKSHOT re-examined. They are those I sold him, and have my name and residence at full length.

Cross-examined. Q. Voss was not in the shop - A. No.

HENRY SKERRINGTON . I am a jeweller, and live at Shadwell. On Wednesday evening, the 6th of October, about seven o'clock, Keaton came alone to my shop, dressed in a great coat over a midshipman's uniform, it was a dark blue coat - he pointed to the gold seals in the window, and desired to see them, I took them out; he fixed upon one at the price of 1 l. He took a red memorandum-book out of his pocket, and from between the leaves he gave me a 5 l. Bank note. I said I hoped it was a good one - he said he should be very sorry if it was not. I held it up to the light, told him I must send it out for change, and asked him to put his name on the back - he said he could neither write nor read. I said, if he would tell me his name I would write it on the back. He said his name

was Edward Stewart , which I wrote, and asked what ship he belonged to? he said,

"To the Royal frigate" - this is it - (looks at it) - I wrote it the instant he gave it to me. - (Everest here produced a gold seal). I know this to be the seal I sold him. I had had it in my shop some years.

Cross-examined. Q. Who did you hand the note to - A. I gave it to a young woman in my shop to get change, it was not out of my hand before I marked it.

JOHN MANLEY . I am a silversmith, and live at Chatham. The prisoner, Keaton, came to my shop in midshipman's clothes on Wednesday, the 6th of October, between seven and eight o'clock in the evening. -

Q. Had he a great coat on - A. I think not. He asked to look at some watch-keys - I shewed him some gilt ones, he said,

"These are not gold." I fetched him some gold ones, and said some of them came pretty high; he said he did not mind, if they were good. He picked out one with an amethyst in it, which came to 16 s. 6 d. He took out a little book, I think, and gave me a 5 l. note - I held it up to the candle, and thought it a good one; there was no writing on it. I said I believed it was good, that I had no change, but my girl should go to the next door for it. I gave Eliza Cave the note, she went, and brought me back 1 l. in silver. I said,

"I gave you a 5 l. note!" - she returned, and brought the remainder. I gave him 4 l. in change, and he went away. (Everest here produced a key) - It is the key I sold him.

Cross-examined. Q. You gave Cave the same note he gave you - A. Yes.

ELIZA CAVE . I am a servant to the last witness. I remember Keaton coming to my master's shop. My master gave me a note - (I did not look at it) - but took it to Miss Pignall, and brought, by mistake, 1 l. back - I asked her for 1 l. I went afterwards and rectified it.

MARY PIGNALL . On the 6th of October the last witness came to me, I gave her change for a 5 l. note, which I put into the till - there was no other 5 l. note there. I took it almost directly, and my brother marked it.

Cross-examined. Q. How came you only to give her 1 l. - A. I did not exactly look at it. I was sure she had given me a 5 l. note, because I had nothing but 1 l. notes in the till before.

GEORGE PIGNALL . I marked this note; I wrote

"Manley" on it. I received it from my sister on the 6th of October.

JOHN HOMAN . I am a linen-draper, and live on St. Margaret's Bank, Rochester. On the 6th of October Keaton came and bought some silk handkerchiefs of me; he paid me a 5 l. note, which I put into the till - nobody but my wife and I have access to the till - I did not mark it. I asked him when he was going to sail? he said in about a fortnight, and that the ship laid in the dockyard. About an hour after, I took the note out of my till and put it into my pocket. There was no other there at that time. I marked it at Gravesend - this is it - (looks at it).

Q. In consequence of suspicions, did you not go in search of the prisoners that evening - A. Yes, about an hour after I took it. I went through different towns, and made inquiry. I went to Gravesend, and found the two prisoners in bed together at the Three Daws, about a quarter after twelve o'clock - the landlord was gone to bed also.

Q. When you went into the room where they were in bed was Everest with you - He was in the house. The landlord, and a man whom I got, were with me. We found three beds in the room, the two prisoners were in one bed. Only one bed was unoccupied, and on that spare bed the naval uniform laid.

Q. Was any thing said to them about the uniform - A. Both denied it, and said they had never seen it, nor wore such a thing. After searching the clothes they dressed themselves.

Q. When they had dressed themselves were their clothes complete - A. No. Voss dressed himself without a waistcoat; he said the uniform waistcoat was not his. Without that, there was only one waistcoat between them. They had both dark blue great coats. Keaton had a blue coat over his uniform when he came to my shop. We found in the midshipman's coat pocket two guineas and three seven-shilling pieces - we also found in the pantaloons pockets 14 s. in one and 18 s. in the other; also a gold seal and a key. Each of them had pantaloons, and there was silver in each. I do not know which had the key and seal. Voss afterwards claimed the gold, and got it away from us. We made them undress two or three times, but could not find it. In a bundle on the table we found the handkerchiefs I sold to Keaton.

Q. Did you examine the bed in which they laid - A. Yes, and under the feather-bed, in the middle of the sacking, there was a pocket-book, the same sort as that which Keaton had in my shop. We found eighteen 1 l. local and Bank notes in it, and by the side of the pocket-book was another roll of notes, folded into three parts, about the size of the pocket-book. I think there were eight 1 l. notes, and outside the eight were two 5 l. notes - I took them into my possession, put them into my hat, and put my hat on my head for security. I desired the prisoners to wait while we marked the notes, that there might be no confusion. I believe I omitted marking eight of the notes in consequence of what Keaton did.

Q. What was done with the two 5 l. notes - A. I had them inside my hat, which was on the top of the bureau; Voss immediately walked behind the landlord, made a snatch over my head, caught the two 5 l. notes up, and put them in his mouth. We immediately seized him by the throat, to prevent his swallowing them - he gave a gulp and said they were gone. He said,

"You can't blame me for what I have done - you may do your best," or

"your worst" - I do not know which. I told him he had done the worst thing he could. I gave the property to Everest. (Looks at two fragments of notes) - these are parts of the two I found under the bed, and which I saw him put into his mouth.

Cross-examined. Q. You went for the purpose of apprehending them - A. No. They denied that the clothes belonged to them. I believe I said I was positive they were the clothes I saw them in. I was determined to bring them to justice.

Q. Did you not say it would be better if they told the whole truth - A. I do not remember it.

ANN HOMAN . I am wife of the last witness. I did not go to the till on the 6th of October.

JOHN EVEREST re-examined. I am a constable of Gravesend. I went with Mr. Homan to the Three Daws;

we went into the bed-room. The account he has given is correct. I produce two silk handkerchiefs, a pair of shoes, a pair of gloves, two silver watches, three keys, and two seals on one of them, and a watch and chain without; also a ring, two guineas, another seal, a brooch, a key, and 18 s. in silver.

Q. We have heard about the notes that were found - A. Here are twenty-five 1 l. notes - seventeen in one parcel and eight in another, and two 5 l. notes. I marked them. Voss seized them - the last witness's account is correct - (looks at two 5 l. notes) - they are those I marked, and which Voss put into his mouth. Rivers gave them to me next morning, about eight o'clock, at the Three Daws. I took the prisoners from the Three Daws to prison, about half-past one o'clock in the morning of the 7th - I took them along High-street.

SOLOMON RIVERS . I keep the Three Daws, at Gravesend. On the 6th of October the prisoners came to my house, and asked for a bed. Voss, to the best of my recollection, had the uniform on. Wybrow gave me two 5 l. notes, which I gave to Everest.

THOMAS WYBROW . I picked up a paper in High-street, Gravesend, on the 7th of October, about half-past six o'clock in the morning, about half-way between the Three Daws and the prison - I gave it to Rivers.

ELIZA EVANS . I am servant to Mr. Rivers. The prisoners came to the house about six o'clock - Voss had the uniform coat on then.

HENRY MOSS . I keep a tailor's shop in Cranborne-passage, Leicester-square. On the 27th of August last the prisoner, Voss, came to my shop by himself, and asked me what I would make him a uniform coat for? I said 4 l. - he said it was to be a midshipman's uniform. I said the waistcoat would be 16 s. He was going out, came back, and was measured - he gave me the name of Thomas Davies . I asked him if he was in a ship in commission? he said he was on board the tender, and was going with the Rhine frigate. I made it for him, and was very particular in making it. The coat produced I have every reason to believe to be it. My foreman made half of it. I have the fellow-button in my hand. I am sure he is the person.

Cross-examined. Q. I only saw him on taking the order.

RICHARD HORNER . I am foreman to Moss, and remember the prisoner coming to the shop. I made half of the uniform coat for him - (looking at it) - this is it. He came for it on the Tuesday evening following, and asked for Mr. Moss, he was not at home. He asked if the coat was done? I said it was, and asked him to try it on - he said he could not, for he had fallen down the hatchway. His arm was in a sling. He asked me to take a pocket-book out of his pocket, which I did, and laid it on the counter; he took a 5 l. note out and gave me - I marked it; this is it - (looking at it). He would not have the coat tied up, as he said he was going to his Lieutenant, who lived close by.

NATHANIEL DOWNES . I am a tailor, and live in Moor-street, Soho. On the 30th of August Voss ordered two pair of trowsers, and three waistcoats; one waistcoat was blue, and was to have anchor buttons. They were to be ready on the 1st of September. He came for them, but they were not quite ready, and he waited half an hour while they were finished; the price was 5 l. 8 s. - he had left 3 s. as a deposit. He had his arm in a sling, and I could not try them on. He asked me to put my hand into his left hand pocket, and take a pocket-book out? which I did; he gave me a 5 l. note, and said his uncle was Mr. Wilson, who resided in the Tower, and had a situation under Government. I marked the note - this is it - (looking at it) - it has

"Mr. Wilson" on it, according to his direction. The uniform waistcoat is that which I made him.

THOMAS GLOVER . I am an inspector of Bank notes at the Bank, and have been so twenty-seven years. The note uttered to Humbleton is forged in every respect; it bears the name of Kelsal, but is not his hand-writing. The other fourteen are all forged in every respect, all impressions from the same plate, and all the same filling-up; they are not all the same signature, but appear to be signed in the same hand-writing. Here are two more, which were uttered to Moss and Downes; they are forged in every respect, and are not Cluff's signature, which they purport to bear.

FRANCIS KELSAL . I am a cashier at the Bank, and sign 5 l. notes; the note is not my signature. Here are several others purporting to be signed by me, none of which have my signature.

(The note was here put in and read.)

VOSS'S Defence. I have nothing to say farther, than that I uttered the notes, not knowing them to be forged.

KEATON'S Defence. I am guilty of uttering them, not knowing them to be forged.

CATHARINE HUMBLETON re-examined. Q. Was Keaton in the room when you received the note - A. All three were there - he saw me give Voss the change.

VOSS - GUILTY . - DEATH . Aged 18

KEATON - GUILTY . - DEATH . Aged 17.

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Bayly.


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