7th April 1813
Reference Numbert18130407-93

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437. BRIDGET JOYCE was indicted, for that she, on the 1st of December , four pieces of false and counterfeit milled money and coin, resembling the current legal money of this realm, called a shilling, unlawfully did put off to Thomas Roach at a lower rate and value than they by their denomination did import to be counterfeited for; that is to say, for two shillings .

THOMAS ROACH . I am a labourer. On the 1st of December, Mr. Armstrong gave me two marked shillings and two three-shilling pieces. I then went to the prisoner's house, in Pump-court, Golden-lane. I asked her if she had any shillings or sixpences, bad ones. She told me that she had only four shillings. She gave me four shillings, and I gave her the two marked shillings that I had received from Armstrong. Then Mr. Armstrongs, the father and son, and Bishop came into the room, and the four bad shillings that I had from her Bishop took out of my hand.

Q. When you first went there had you any more money than was marked by Armstrong - A. Not any of any kind.

JOHN ARMSTRONG. I am an officer. On the 1st of December, I gave Roach these two marked shillings. They are marked with a P, a scratch, one is; and the other is marked with W B struck on the head. These marks were on them when I gave them to Roach. I searched Roach very particular before I gave them to him; he had no money of any kind. I then gave him the two marked shillings, and two three-shilling pieces. I, Bishop, and my son went with Roach to the prisoner's house. Roach went in. We had agreed with Roach before that; when he had purchased he was to cough, and after we had waited a few minutes we heard a cough. My son and Bishop went in. I went in last. When I came into the room my son had got hold of Mrs. Joyce.

Q. Did you know Mrs. Joyce before - A. I had seen her, but I was not acquainted with her. Roach was in the same room, very near her, and two men on the other side of the room. As soon as I went in, whether she caught my eye or not, her hands dropped these two shillings; they fell on the ground; I picked them up. They are the two identical shillings that I gave to Roach; they are two good shillings.

JOSHUA ARMSTRONG . I am an officer. I went with my father and Bishop to this house. I went into the house as soon as I heard the signal of a cough that was to be given by Roach for our coming in. I immediately laid hold of the prisoner's wrists, and out of her hands dropped two shillings, which my father picked up. I then told her to stand up, that I might search her, and when I got her in the middle of the room, from some part of her clothes dropped these three counterfeit shillings. There were two men in the room: nothing but good money was found upon them. On my searching the room, in a drawer I found two counterfeit sixpences.

DANIEL BISHOP . I am an officer. I was in company with John Armstrong and Joshua Armstrong . I searched Roach; out of his right hand I took four counterfeit shillings; I have had them ever since. I asked Roach where he got these. He said, of Mrs. Joyce. She exclaimed, not of me! These are the four counterfeit shillings.

JOSEPH NICHOLL . I am one of the moniers of His Majesty's Mint.

Q. Look at these four shillings that were found upon Roach, which were given him by the prisoner - A. They are counterfeit, and very bad.

Q. I put into your hand the three shillings that fell from the clothes of the prisoner, produced by Armstrong - A. They are counterfeit, and very bad, and the sixpences produced by Joshua Armstrong ; they are bad also.

MR. NEWMAN. Q. Produce the commitment of the prisoner, on which she came in custody on the oath of Thomas Roach , for having feloniously sold him, paid, and put off four counterfeit shillings, not having been cut in pieces, John Gifford is the committing magistrate. The original commitment is in the care of Mr. Newport, the keeper of the New Prison, Clerkenwell.

Q. to John Armstrong. Do you recollect the day she was committed - A. No; we took her on the 1st of December. We went with her to the magistrate; she has remained in custody ever since.

Prisoner's Defence. My lord and gentlemen of the jury, I am innocent of this charge that is against me. I know no more of it than a child unborn; I hope you will take it into consideration; it is a piece of spite against me. That man came into my house and spoke to a man. I know no more. As to sell him anything of the kind, I never did in my life; he is a man of infamous character; his character has not been enquired into as it out. He is purjured man; he will do anything for money. I have no God but one.

GUILTY , aged 56.

Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Chambre.

Mr. Shelton. Q. to Bridget Joyce . What have you to say why the Court should not give you judgment to die according to law - A. I pray the the benefit of the clergy.

Q. There is a courterplea put into the Court against your being allowed having the benefit of clergy, at the time you were tried and convicted in the year 1801, for that you one false piece of counterfeit milled money and coin called a half-guineaa, feloniously did put off to Ann Garton , at a lower rate and value then the same by its denomination did import to be counterfeited for that you on that occasion was allowed the benefit of clergy, and was sentenced by the Court to pay a fine of one shilling, and to be imprisoned in Newgate one year; it goes on farther to state that you, are the same person that was so convicted and received judgment; are you the same person.

Prisoner. I do not know.

Mr. Shelton. Gentleman of the Jury, you are to try whether she is the same person or not that was tried and convicted in the year 1801.

CALAB EDWARD POWELL . Q. Do you know the prisoner, Bridget Joyce - A. Yes. I produce a copy of her conviction at the Old Bailey, 1801. I had it at Mr. Shelton's office. I have examined it with the original; it is a correct copy.

(The copy of the conviction read.)

EDWARD KIRBY . I am the keeper of the Poultry Compter.

Q. Do you know the prisoner Joyce - A. Yes. I was present at the time she received sentence. I have no doubt about it.

Prisoner. Mr. Kirby, you know nothing at all about it.

Mr. Kirby. I am sure she is the same woman.

Mr. Shelton. Gentlemen of the Jury, is the prisoner the same person who was formerly convicted and received judgment or not.

Jury's Verdict. She is the same person.

GUILTY- DEATH , aged 56.

Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.

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