10th December 1783
Reference Numbert17831210-5
VerdictGuilty > with recommendation; Guilty > with recommendation
SentenceDeath; Death

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5. HENRY HORNE and ALEXANDER KENNEDY were indicted for feloniously assaulting Stephen Thurston Adey . Esq ; on the King's highway, on the 28th of September last, and putting him in fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person and against his will, one gold watch, value 10 l. two stone seals set in gold, value 40 s. one silk watch string, value 12 d. one stone ring, value 10 s. one gold mourning ring, value 10 s. and fifteen guineas in monies numbered, his property .


On the 28th of September last, I was robbed between twelve and one o'clock, on Sunday morning, in Pall Mall , just at the corner of John-street turning into St. James's-square; I was walking, and two men came after me, they used no violence; they stopped me, and demanded my money and watch without delay; I gave them my money and watch, my purse contained fifteen guineas and upwards; they immediately ran away; they were not more than three minutes with me, one of them presented a pistol to me, and the other stood at a little distance.

Do you know either of the men? - Not enough to swear to them, I think they are the men that stopped me, but not to take my oath to it, the one had a blue coat with a red cape on; I went to Bow-street and laid an information, and these men were taken.


I am servant to Mr. Henry Leo of Petticoat Lane; on the 28th of September in the morning, the prisoner at the bar came and knocked at my master's door about five o'clock, I got up and let him in, they asked for my master.

What is your master? - He carries on the business of a silversmith, he kept a pawnbroker's shop, he left off the pawnbrokery business; I asked them what they wanted, I said, it was too soon to disturb my master, Horne said, he had a gold watch to sell, and two rings, I told him he might leave them with me till my master was up; they left them with me and returned in about an hour and half, then I went up and called my master, he came down in his morning gown to the foot of the stairs, and I shewed them to him, he bid me ask them what they asked for them, they said, twenty guineas for the watch and rings; he told me to bid them four guineas and a half; which they agreed to take; my master gave me the money to pay for them, I came down and I paid them, and they went away.

What became of them afterwards? - I do not know, my master bid me put the watch safe up and take particular care of it, till he went to give information to Mr. Clarke.

Did you know who the prisoners were and their names? - Yes, I had seen them once or twice before, I had drank with Horne before, I knew him by name, but not the other.

Your master knew them I suppose? - Yes.

Did he know where they lived? - No.

Then how could he give information? - Mr. Clarke found out where they lived.

Had your master bought things of them. before? - No, Sir, not as I know of, I never saw them at our house before.

How came he to think of giving information after he had bought these things? - I do not know.

Mr. Sylvester, Council for Prisoner Kennedy. How long had the melting pot been off the fire that morning? - I do not know what you mean.

Do not you, why Henry Lee No. 19, Petticoat Lane, is known as well as any person in this Court; well then the crucible had not been on the fire that night? - I do not know what you mean.

Why what does your master melt his plate in? - He does not melt any.

He buys it all ready made, does he? - Yes.

What is he by trade? - He deals in the silversmith trade, he buys any thing that

he can come honestly by, he will shew receipts for every thing that he has bought.

Where is the receipt for this watch? - I do not know about that, we have no receipt for that.

He is not here? - He did not think he should be wanted.

How long have you lived with him? - Two years and a half.

During that time upon your oath you have never seen any plate melted in that house? - No, Sir, none at no time.

And as to the goods that are bought they are bought in an open way? - Yes, Sir, I can mention several working silversmiths that he buys his goods of.

He buys all kinds of goods you know, he is not very nice? - It is nothing to me.

You are present, are not you? - No.

Oh, he does not trust you with that; however Clarke knows him very well. - Very likely he does, he knows him to make a discovery of many things.

You knew the watch was gold? - Yes, it was bought as such.

What were the rings gold? - One was a mourning ring, and one an enamelled white head.

There was a seal to the watch and a string? - Yes.

All for four guineas and a half, that is the honest way your Master deals. - That is the way he dealt for that.

JOHN GRAY sworn.

I sold a pair of pistols to the prisoner Kennedy on the 14th of August, that is all.


On Sunday after the robbery was committed, Mr. Lee came up and asked if there had been any robbery of a gold watch, I did not know then, I went to enquire at the office, and understood a robbery had been committed in Pall-mall; I brought him the best description of the watch. I know nothing more, only the Tuesday following I searched the place belonging to Kennedy, where I found a pair of pistols.

Mr. Sylvester. You know Lee of old? - Yes, Sir.

You have had him often? - No.

Was it you that made the affidavit in the King's Bench about the pot boiling always in his house? - No, Sir.

It was another officer then? - Yes, Sir.


I had this watch from the young man Donnedy, at Lee's house, this is the same watch.

Donnedy. (Looking at the watch.) This is the same, I am sure of it, and these are the two rings upon it.

(The watch and rings deposed to by the Prosecutor)


I never saw this man Donnedy but once before; he then said, that the gentleman in the red coat sold him the watch; he made a remark of the young man in the red coat, and Sir Sampson Wright asked him once or twice. I will leave it to the gentlemen whether they did hear him or not.

Court. Mr. Adey how is that? - Donnedy swore that the man in the light coat gave him the watch; the one had on a blue coat and a red cape, and the other a brown coat.

Court to Horne. Have you any witnesses? - Yes, my Lord.

Prisoner Kennedy. I leave it to my Council.

The Prisoner Horne called two witnesses who gave him a very good character.

The Prisoner Kennedy called three witnesses who gave him a very good character.

Court. Gentlemen of the Jury, the fact with respect to the prisoners rests on the evidence of Donnedy; there is no doubt but Mr. Adey's watch was found on Lee by his information: Donnedy and Lee certainly stand under circumstances of particular discredit; and it is evident what sort of a house Lee keeps; and if the circumstances respecting Lee had come out any other way than they have done, I should not have hesitated to have bound over Donnedy an

evidence to support a prosecution against Lee as a receiver.



Jury. My Lord, we humbly beg leave in the strongest manner to recommend the prisoners to mercy.

Prosecutor. I beg leave to join in the recommendation.

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

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