4th April 1779
Reference Numbert17790404-15

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202, 203. CHRISTOPHER FOLEY and PETER WELDON were indicted for feloniously and traiterously making, forging, and counterfeiting a piece of false, feigned, and counterfeit money and coin, to the likeness and similitude of the good and lawful money of this realm, called a sixpence, against the duty of their allegiance, against the king's peace , and against the forms of the statute, February 18th .


On the 18th of February, about five in the evening, in consequence of an information given to Mr. Clark, I went with Mr. Clarke and another person to No. 2, in Oat-lane ; we went up stairs into the garret, and on a sudden burst open the door; when we came in at the door, just by the right hand of the door, Foley and Weldon, the two prisoners, were at work at a table, one on each side. Foley had his hat off and a pair of spectacles on. With the sudden surprise of our approaching the room he dropped a sixpence, which he had in his left hand (producing it). He was on the opposite side next to the fire-place. Foley was rubbing that sixpence that fell, either with scowering paper or a file, the other was at work. I cannot say in particular what he was doing.

Describe what things were found on the table before them. - The sixpence he let fall, I picked up, and these sixpences were on the table by Foley (producing five). By the fire-place, there were many crucibles, and by the left hand side of the door there were flasks set as moulds. Mr. Clarke will produce them; that is all I saw. Whether Foley was making use of the files or the scowering paper and cork I cannot say.


I went, in consequence of an information, to this house, (No. 2) in Oat-Lane; we went up into the three-pair-of-stairs room, bursted open the door, and opposite to the door there was a table, where the two prisoners set at work. Foley was at work on the sixpence; I believe he was scowering it with sand-paper; I am very certain he was. Weldon was at work upon another with a file; he was without his coat; the other without his hat, with spectacles on; but the alarm of bursting open the door so suddenly frightened them; before them was a quantity of counterfeit sixpences cast; (producing a parcel) these lay before Weldon; that is the sixpence he was working upon; that is the file he was at work with. They were both at work, Foley scowering with sandpaper, the other at work with the file.

You are sure he was filing sixpences? - Yes; the file and the sixpence both dropped out of his hands together. Here are three counterfeit sixpences I found in the draw in the room; they are finished. As I was searching Weldon I found five more played tricks with; they are not finished. In the same room was a quantity of wrought arsenick; there was some copper, likewise some sand, and what they call facing. There were two pair of flasks and crucibles; there is one pair moulded ready for pouring; there were about fifty impressions ready fixed. After finding the flasks I thought the patterns must be somewhere; I desired them to produce them, they refused knowing any thing of them. I had instructions to search in the cellar, and there I found as many sixpences as there were impressions in the flasks; there are fifty or fifty-one, I cannot be particular to one; they were the pattern sixpences. (The flasks produced). The impressions are all perfect.

Cross Examination.

When you had your information, did you know who the house, where these people were at work, belonged to? - I do not; I believe Weldon was the owner of the room, but they were both at work in the same room.

That you are positive of? - I should be sorry to say that here if it was not true.


I am one of the moniers of the Mint. These three sixpences are all of them counterfeits; they were made from these patterns.

Foley. When they broke into the room they said to me hold up your hands, that was to see whether I had been at work, and when Clarke came into the room he stood motionless awhile, and, seeing nothing going forward, he said, hold up your hands, let me see if you have been at work. I wish to know the reason of his bidding me open my hands to see if I had been at work.

Court. I will ask it if you choose it? - No, my lord.

Foley's defence.

I had not been in the room four minutes; I sat down by the fire; there was nothing going forward in the room. He desired me to hold up my hands; I did it, and he saw nothing about them; he ordered me to stand charged.

Weldon's defence.

I never did any thing of the kind; this man never had a file in his hand; he never was in the room before in his life; he only came up to see me.

You said one was without his coat; which was that? - Weldon was without his coat, the other with his hat off and spectacles on. I was astonished to be sure to see them both at work when I came into the room.

Foley. There was a pair of spectacles lay on the table; he asked whose they were; I told him I knew nothing of them. - He is one of the blood-suckers.

For the prisoners.


Do you know the prisoner, Foley? - I never saw him till the day that he was taken up to the best of my knowledge.

Did he lodge in your house? - No; he was sent in that day by a woman that Weldon kept. I was told a young girl showed him the way up to Weldon's room.

Cross Examination.

What is the name of the lady Weldon kept? - I heard it was Barker; I cannot tell.


I know Foley; I saw him the day he was taken. I board at Weldon's house. I was looking out of the window; I saw the girl turn the corner, and bring him up to the door; she said to the man this is the house you must go up into the garrett, and there you will find Mr. Weldon.

Cross Examination.

Do you live in the same house with Weldon? - Yes; I have boarded with this lady half a year.

What is her name? - Palmer; she keeps the house. This was a little before two o'clock.

What time did this man go away? - I do not recollect. I am only an apprentice, and stay only from one to two o'clock.

To Mr. Clark. What time was he taken? - About seven o'clock.

To Stevens. Did you ever see him there before? - No.

Cross examination.

What are you? - A silversmith. I work with Mr. White (No. 5) Oat-lane.


I am a jeweller . I have known Foley about eight years; he was a very honest man till these circumstances happened; he is of the same business.


I am a jeweller. I have known Foley about nine years; he has a very good character. I never heard a dishonest word of him till this affair.

Cross Examination.

Are you a small worker in gold? - No; in buckles.

What does Foley work at. - Earings, buckles, and such like.


I have known Foley fourteen years; he is a very honest, industrious, hard-working man. I am a jeweller by trade.

Court. Are you any relation of the man's? - No.


I have known Foley sixteen or seventeen years. I never heard any thing, till this time, reflecting on his character. I am a goldsmith.


I have known Foley twelve or thirteen years. I never heard any dishonesty of him before. I am a publican in Butcher Row. He was at my house, I believe, half an hour before this happened. Some woman sent for him, and in half an hour I heard he was taken into custody.

Cross Examination.

What time was he taken into custody? - I forget the time; but the account was that he was taken into custody.

How long had he been in your house before? - I cannot say.

Four or five hours? - I believe he was more.

What time did he quit your house? - I cannot say. I understood that he was there from all the servants in my house.

Are you sure it was four o'clock or ten in the morning? - From the account I had from my family, I believe it was four in the afternoon. He never offered any bad money in my house.

Do you know whether it was within half an hour or an hour after he left your house, that he was taken up? - I was informed so the next day. I did not hear of it before.


Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

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